Ethylene price hike boost for Malaysian and other petrochemical industries – Ethylene price Malaysian petrochemical industries
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Ethylene price hike boost for Malaysian and other petrochemical industries
The research house, which reiterated its “positive” recommendation on the sector, said the recent closure of 61% of ethylene plants in the United States has had an effect on the supply-demand balance and will likely increase product prices in the near future.
This was followed the aftermath of Hurricane Harvey in the Gulf of Mexico. The US has 22% global market share of ethylene production.
“Using PetroChemWire’s data that 61% of US ethylene plants are to close for two weeks, this equates to a total of 1.2 million tonnes (mmt) of ethylene production loss, or 0.5% of global annual consumption. This is the best case scenario as we expect supply line and other logistics damage to hinder the ramp-up process.
“Therefore, we estimate the total production loss of ethylene could range between 1.2 to 2.4 mmt, equaling to 0.5% to 1% of global consumption.
“Product prices are likely to rise in the near future. This episode boosts our positive stance on the sector as well as our buy calls on Petronas Chemicals Group Bhd (PChem) and Lotte Chemical Titan Bhd,” said Maybank IB Research in a note.
The research house added that the recent development will benefit PChem significantly and to a lesser extent, Lotte Chemical.
Ethylene prices in South-East Asia have risen by 3.1% in the past two weeks and is now trading at US$1,150 per tonne.
As for Gulf of Mexico, ethylene prices has surged even higher by 19.4% in the same period and is now trading at approximately US$644 per tonne. Both PChem and Lotte Chemical produce their own ethylene supply. However, Lotte Chemical procures Ethylene from third party for its Indonesian operations – which accounts to 44% of its total ethylene consumption.
“Therefore this business unit will suffer from higher raw material cost and incur margin contraction,” said the research unit.
The period of September to November is a peak season for petrochemicals as factories ramp-up production rates ahead of Christmas.
“The closure of US plants, however, means petrochemical producers can take the opportunity to push-up prices while exporters send their shipments into the US.
“The year 2017 is looking to be a record year for PChem in earnings delivery.
“While we initially expected the second half of 2017 to be subdued for PChem, Tropical Storm Harvey just pulled an extra gear to PChem’s fortunes. At the current share price, Lotte Chemical is still the cheapest Asian petrochemicals based on enterprise value to earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortisation (EV/EBITDA) and price to book value (P/BV) measures. Based on this and coupled with respectable dividend yields, we advocate accumulating Lotte Chemical’s shares,” said Maybank IB Research.