Polyestertime

Toyota Reaffirms Commitment To A Sustainable Future – Toyota Motor North America (TMNA) has released four papers that detail the company’s environmental sustainability positions in North America as it works toward the goals of its Global Environmental Challenge, which sets sustainability targets for the company to achieve by 2050 – Toyota Sustainable Future

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Toyota Reaffirms Commitment To A Sustainable Future

Toyota Sustainable Future Toyota Motor North America (TMNA) has released four papers that detail the company’s environmental sustainability positions in North America as it works toward the goals of its Global Environmental Challenge, which sets sustainability targets for the company to achieve by 2050. The papers detail the automaker’s North American efforts to minimize environmental impact, protect the natural world and help create a net positive value in four key areas: carbon, water, materials and biodiversity.

“At Toyota, we are working hard to address environmental issues facing the global community,” said Kevin Butt, regional environmental director, Toyota Motor North America (TMNA). “These position papers further showcase our efforts to achieve our ambitious environmental goals that ultimately aspire to contribute to global environmental sustainability.”

Unveiled in September 2015, Toyota’s Environmental Challenge 2050 consists of six challenges that seek to push the company beyond minimizing environmental impact to creating net positive change. The new position papers, released as part of Toyota’s Thought Leadership Summit at the Shell Eco-marathon in Sonoma, California, represent the company’s roadmap in North America for how to attain sustainable development in four key areas by 2050.

  • Carbon:To address climate change, TMNA aspires to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from operations and establish longer-term targets to achieve zero emissions by 2050. In addition, the company also pledges to reduce vehicle emissions 90 percent from a 2010 baseline by 2050 by offering vehicles with alternative powertrains and working with stakeholders to expand PHV, EV and FCV infrastructure.
  • Biodiversity:Toyota recognizes the significance of diversity of living organisms and the necessity to preserve their habitats to ensure ecosystem function. In North America, the company pledges to conserve natural habitats by 2050 and partner with third parties to protect globally recognized hotspots. In addition, the company will engage people each year in projects that protect biodiversity and work to protect threatened and endangered species living near its sites as well as certify all major facilities to a recognized, high standard conservation certification.
  • Materials:Toyota’s material strategy aims at conserving natural resources, eliminating waste disposal and sharing know-how. In North America, Toyota has established a data tracking system to annually track the amount of packaging used. Toyota has set a global target to reduce packaging material use by 5 percent by fiscal year 2021.
  • Water:As the availability of clean water becomes more important to Toyota communities in drought-stressed regions of North America, the company will continue to manage and preserve this critical resource. Toyota pledges to reduce absolute water withdrawals from North American operations by incorporating waterless manufacturing technologies and adopting water conservation and recycling technologies. By 2050, the company will establish closed loop systems with 100 percent recycled/reused water, while also engaging with communities and nonprofits to conserve water.

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Testing ‘recyclability’ with an eye on sorting systems – Testing protocols developed by the Association of Plastic Recyclers give brand owners the chance to prove their plastic packaging can be correctly sorted at materials recovery facilities – Testing recyclability sorting systems

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Testing ‘recyclability’ with an eye on sorting systems

by Jared Paben

 Testing recyclability sorting systems Testing protocols developed by the Association of Plastic Recyclers give brand owners the chance to prove their plastic packaging can be correctly sorted at materials recovery facilities.

APR’s new “sorting potential protocols” aren’t specific to one packaging type; instead, they look at any type that may encounter problems at a materials recovery facility (MRF). Examples include small items that fall through screens, black plastics that are unrecognizable to near-infrared (NIR) sorters, and bottles with metal components that are grabbed by magnets or repelled by eddy current separators.

The protocols are just part of the APR Design Guide for Plastic Recyclability, which is becoming more widely recognized among brand owners, said Kara Pochiro, APR’s communications director.

“APR firmly believes that companies don’t knowingly design packaging that is not recyclable,” she said during an April 17 webinar. “They often just aren’t aware of the packaging components that can cause issues at the sorting process, at the reclaimer, or anywhere in between.”

Pochiro and Curt Cozart, president of Common Sense Solutions and a technical consultant to APR, explained the new protocols during the webinar.

Directions for testing

The protocols are relevant to packaging that, in the past, has proven difficult to assess for recyclability. The protocols give producers a chance to prove their packaging can be correctly sorted. Other criteria must still be met before APR considers the packaging “recyclable.”

In his presentation, Cozart provided an overview of how a standard MRF sorting line uses manual sorters, screens, magnets, eddy current separators and NIR sorters to get materials into the correct bale. The equipment is designed to sort based on a number of characteristics: two-dimensional versus three-dimensional, large versus small size, metallic versus non-metallic, and the chemical makeup of different polymers.

 Testing recyclability sorting systems The sorting potential protocols align with those realities, Cozart said. The first protocol, released in December, tests whether a near-infrared sorter in a MRF can accurately identify and sort the package. The second, released in mid-January, looks at how compression in a collection truck affects the sorting of the item. The third, released in late-January, tests whether small items can be sorted correctly.

A fourth protocol tests whether plastic packaging with metal components can avoid being separated by magnets and eddy current separators. APR staff plan to upload that document soon.

In the documents, APR provides instructions for building and using equipment for the testing. They include a machine that compresses plastic between two tires, simulating truck compaction. Other instructions explain how to build a rotating screening box testing whether small and compressed items will fall through the screens and end up in the glass or residue streams. They also set guidelines for how packaging should be sent through NIR sorters and magnets to achieve accurate results.

Cozart said a couple of labs have already built testing equipment to the specifications in the protocols. Pochiro said APR is working on compiling a list of facilities that have the ability to conduct the testing.

“There is one consumer brand company that has already created all of the machines, so they can do this within their own facility,” she said.

More coming

APR is still working to develop sorting protocols to determine whether plastic packaging can make it through a MRF’s 2-D/3-D sorting process. For example, if plastic packaging approximates the shape of paper or cardboard, or if a truck compacts it into that shape, screening equipment may sort it with fibers.

“If something looks like paper or cardboard, it doesn’t matter what that material is made out of,” Cozart said. “It’s the size and shape that’s really defining whether that material is pulled out by the paper stream or the cardboard stream.”

The 2-D/3-D protocols will be coming out later this year, he said.

Pochiro and Cozart cautioned that passing the sorting tests doesn’t make an item recyclable under APR’s definitions. For example, consumers must have a certain level of recycling access for that item. And even if packaging can be correctly sorted by a MRF, it may be detrimental to a plastics reclaimer’s process. There also has to be an end market for it.

“The sorting potential protocols are only a portion of what’s required to categorize something in the Design Guide for Plastics Recyclability,” Cozart said.

More stories about industry groups

Europe PE producers must ‘change focus’ on wave of new US capacity – INEOS – European polyethylene (PE) producers need to “change focus” towards more differentiated polymers in order to grow amid a wave of new US capacity – Europe PE producers USA capacity INEOS

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Europe PE producers must ‘change focus’ on wave of new US capacity – INEOS

Source:ICIS News

Europe PE producers USA capacity INEOS

VIENNA (ICIS)–European polyethylene (PE) producers need to “change focus” towards more differentiated polymers in order to grow amid a wave of new US capacity, an executive at chemical major INEOS said on Wednesday.

Rob Ingram, business director at INEOS Olefins & Polymers, was speaking on the current supply and demand dynamics and what the new PE capacity in the US would mean for the European market.

He was speaking at the ICIS World Polyolefins conference, which runs in Vienna on 25-26 April.

“PE is the vehicle to capture the value,” said Ingram, referring to the cost advantage US producers have gained with access to ethane as extraction of shale gas jumped.

In order to absorb the new capacity, the US market would have to grow by 6% per year, but that growth rate is unlikely for such a mature market, making an increase in exports inevitable.

“One would expect a reasonable portion [of polymers production] to be focussed on exports … Most will flow to China, but some structural flow to other regions is expected,” said Ingram.

The majority of exports from the US are expected to be more commodity grades, and that will require European producers to change their focus into more specialty grades in order to grow.

However, Ingram said that more complex grades take longer to produce, which can reduce production capacity by 15-25%.

Therefore, if there is a change in the region towards more differentiated polymers, then there will be a reduction in operating rates.

According to the executive, the new capacities in the US present a threat to European producing facilities, and highlighted how 3m tonnes of production capacities for polymers in the region has already been lost in the past decade.

That loss of capacity in Europe ran parallel to an increase in the Middle East, said Ingram, with polymers capacities increasing by 13m in the 2009-2013 period alone.

However, Europe is expected to require additional polymers quantities of between 300,000-500,000 tonnes/year to match a growth in demand of 2-3% per year – there will be demand for imports, said Ingram.

There are also opportunities both upstream and downstream for European sellers, especially as the EU pushes ahead with new recycling targets and starts contemplating the still-distant idea of ‘circular economy’ in which most products would be reused.

Polymer producers may move closer to the function of converters, becoming more involved in converting as well as mechanical recycling in order to grow, said the INEOS executive.

He added that Europe could also try to replicate the advantage that the US has by strengthening feedstock positions, something that would be achieved through mechanical recycling.

“We should try to become world leaders in developing solutions to the circular economy,” said Ingram, examining options like the zero pellet loss or ‘Operation Clean Sweep’.

While a major change in the global PE market is just about to happen, increasing competition for sellers, there are still opportunities for European producers to continue playing a role.

Pictured: A large wave hits the UK southwest coast earlier in April. US’ new wave of polymers capacities are set to disrupt the global market
Source: Tom Nicholson/LNP/REX/Shutterstock

By Katherine Sale
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Controlled vacuum for better part quality in injection moulding – The Double Action Vacuumjet and the Smart Vacuumjet are two new vacuum devices made by Cumsa. Compared to other Cumsa vacuum systems, they are able to create vacuum (60L/min) in the mould cavity and also blow off (6 bar) through the same channel – Controlled vacuum injection moulding

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Controlled vacuum for better part quality in injection moulding

Editor: Rosemarie Stahl

Controlled vacuum injection moulding
The Double Action Vacuumjet and the Smart Vacuumjet are the latest additions by Cumsa to its Vacuum series. (Source: Cumsa)
The Double Action Vacuumjet and the Smart Vacuumjet are two new vacuum devices made by Cumsa. Compared to other Cumsa vacuum systems, they are able to create vacuum (60L/min) in the mould cavity and also blow off (6 bar) through the same channel.

The developers at Cumsa, a manufacturer of standard parts for mould-making, have launched two vacuum devices that add new features to the company’s current Vacuum products line, the Double Action Vacuumjet (VB) and the Smart Vacuumjet (SV). According to the company, all of its vacuum models are built on the Venturi principle, which only requires compressed air connected to the device at six bar (90 PSI), with a vacuum capacity that can extract gases at up to 60L/min.

The new units allow for the removal of trapped air from the cavity of the mould through the Cumsa Vacuum Valve and/or the ejector pins, thereby creating benefits such as better part quality, reduction of sink marks, shorter cycles, lower injection pressure, etc., as with previous versions. Additionally, it is now possible to blow off the lines after every cycle through the same vacuum channel.

The Double Action Vacuumjet (VB) extracts the gas from the mould during the injection process. The unit is activated by compressed air when the mould closes and runs until the plastic part is ejected. This product is particularly unique in that it features porous inserts and/or laminar vents, conveniently located in the critical areas of the mould where the plastic fills last. These porous inserts help to extract the gases produced during injection. Thus, the plastic has less resistance to flow and fills faster. After the injection and during the ejection, the compressed air will help to clean the inserts or laminar vents after every cycle. The VB can be installed as a standalone unit or in combination with any of Cumsa’s other vacuum devices. 

Full control of air removal

The Smart Vacuumjet (SV) is a fully automated device, Cumsa states. The unit needs to be hooked up to 24V for optimal working of its internal solenoid and needs the compressed air connected to start the process. The solenoid controls the opening and closing of the vacuum valve typically located in the mould cavity. The SV operator should be set up only once, when installing the unit in the mould, using the selector placed on the back to set up the vacuum level by selecting one of the four different vacuum levels (from -600 to -900m bar). Once the mould closes and the compressed air starts flowing, the device sends a signal to open the vacuum valve and starts to extract the air from the cavity up to the defined vacuum level. Once the pre-set vacuum level is reached, the SV displays the amount of vacuum achieved with green numbers and sends a signal to close the vacuum valve.

The injection starts while the air is being removed through the ejector pins and vents. At ejection, the device produces the blow-off and purges the channels, cleaning the insert or laminar vents after every cycle. If the desired vacuum level cannot be achieved after five seconds, but is over -200m bar, the SV will close the valve and start the injection, indicating in the display the maximum achieved vacuum with red numbers. If after five seconds the vacuum level does not reach at least the -200m bar, the unit will not send the signal to start the injection to avoid the production of low-quality parts. The display will then indicate the cause.

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Proposed China tariffs pose minimal immediate concern for US PE market – US polyethylene (PE) market participants have expressed no great concern so far to proposed Chinese tariffs on imports of certain grades of US PE, among other petrochemical products – China tariffs USA PE market

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Proposed China tariffs pose minimal immediate concern for US PE market

Source:ICIS News

China tariffs USA PE market HOUSTON (ICIS)–US polyethylene (PE) market participants have expressed no great concern so far to proposed Chinese tariffs on imports of certain grades of US PE, among other petrochemical products. Some feel there is a possibility that tariffs may not be imposed, while there is also a belief that the US would be able to move into markets where existing suppliers would divert material to China if duties are imposed.

China tariffs USA PE market

Photo credit: Dinendra Haria/REX/Shutterstock

“Some of the announcements from both China and the US are intended to create room for negotiations, which means that the tariffs might not ultimately be implemented, and it will, at any rate, take some time before the ultimate fate of the announced tariffs will be finalised,” a trader said.

Another trader said: “The market is smarter than the politicians. US sellers will be able to sell their new cargoes, although the US may end up selling less to China. The market has been expecting new capacity to drive down prices, but this might not happen now that the tariff issue is creating some concern in the market.”

In response to moves by President Donald Trump’s administration to impose duties on imports from China, China announced a tariff on 25% on imports of US low density polyethylene (LDPE) and linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE), among other US products.

The US has been expanding capacities for PE, adding around 3.5m tonnes/year in the second half of 2017, with approximately 1.5m tonnes/year of additional capacity to come online in 2018 (see interactive map and scheduled start-up below).

The US PE market is considered mature with limited growth anticipated in domestic demand for commodity plastics. Therefore, much of the new capacity is intended for export.

“China’s tariff announcement will not affect total world demand for PE. Therefore, while trade flow patterns may see some shifts, we are not worried about the US industry’s ability to place additional volumes,” a producer source said.

According to ICIS data, the US currently exports around 20% of PE production, with Latin America being the primary destination for US exports. Although US exports to Latin America are expected to grow, the US will need to diversify its export destinations to balance its expanding capacity.

China has emerged as the primary target for new US exports, as China has the world’s import requirements for PE. ICIS projects that China will need more than 10m tonnes of PE imports in 2018 to meet its PE demand, with China’s PE deficit expected to grow to more than 15m tonnes by 2025.

“China has been consuming more virgin high density polyethylene (HDPE) after the country banned imports of scrap plastics, which we believe is the main reason HDPE was exempted from China’s tariff announcement,” a consultant said.

“US producers may need to offer lower prices to gain more market share, and other Asian exporting countries like Malaysia and South Korea may end up being the main beneficiaries,” the source added. “Producers are all looking into this issue, but we do not expect any project cancellations as the volumes expected to come online from the second wave of new PE plants has already been mostly committed.”

Additional reporting by Amanda Hay

Focus article by Zachary Moore

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SKGC and JXTG announced the May price of paraxylene at USD1,040-1,050 per tonne – JXTG Nippon Oil & Energy (part of Nippon Oil Corporation), a major petrochemical producer in Japan, and SK Global Chemical (SKGC), one of the largest petrochemical producers in South Korea, announced the May contract the price of paraxylene for supplies to Asia at the level of USD1 040-1 050 per ton – SKGC JXTG May price paraxylene

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SKGC and JXTG announced the May price of paraxylene at USD1,040-1,050 per tonne

SKGC JXTG May price paraxylene MOSCOW – JXTG Nippon Oil & Energy (part of Nippon Oil Corporation), a major petrochemical producer in Japan, and SK Global Chemical (SKGC), one of the largest petrochemical producers in South Korea, announced the May contract the price of paraxylene for supplies to Asia at the level of USD1 040-1 050 per ton, ICIS reported to market participa

Thus, SK Global Chemical (SKGC) announced the price of the paraxylene price for May at USD1,040 per tonne, CFR Asia, while JXTG Nippon Oil & Energy is USD1,050 per tonne, CFR Asia.

Paraxylene is used as a raw material for the synthesis of TPA – a semi-product for the production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET).

According to the Price Review of ICIS-MRC , the ruble’s exchange rate against the dollar and the euro and rising PET prices in China continue to put pressure on the cost of the material in the European market. Prices for Russian granules grow very fast. In the market, the deficit of PET is increasing. So, last week SIBUR raised the indicative value of its material at the Sibur-PET and Polyef plants from 95 thousand rubles. per ton up to 100 thousand rubles. per ton, FCA plant, including VAT.

Nippon Oil Corporation is Japan’s largest oil company. Its activities include exploration, import and processing of crude oil; production and sale of petroleum products (ethylene, propylene, butadiene, styrene, paraxylene, orthoxylene, etc.), including fuels and lubricants. In recent years, the company has expanded its production facilities in other countries. Its products are sold under the brand name ENEOS.

SK Global Chemical is a division of SK Group, the first Korean oil refinery that has been operating for more than 50 years. SK Group has more than 70 thousand employees who work in 113 offices around the world. Its largest enterprises produce mainly petrochemical products.

mrcplast.ru

Author:                Anna Larionova

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POSTS-News- Plastic-Petrochemicals – POSTS 新闻 Plastic Petrochemicals

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