Polyestertime

Govt May impose Anti-Dumping Duty on Chinese Polyester Yarns – India AntiDumping Duty Chinese Polyester Yarns

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Govt May impose Anti-Dumping Duty on Chinese Polyester Yarns

 PTI | New Delhi
Source :India AntiDumping Duty Chinese Polyester Yarns

The Government may impose anti-dumping duty of up to $528 per tonne for 5 years on a Chinese polyester yarn, used in automobile and other industries, to provide a level playing field to domestic players and guard them against below-cost imports.

The Commerce Ministry’s investigation arm, Directorate General of Anti-dumping and Allied Duties (DGAD), in its final findings of probe has stated that that the imposition of antidumping duty is required to offset dumping and injury on the imports of ‘High Tenacity Polyester Yarn’ from China.

“The authority recommends imposition of antidumping duty…For a period of five years, so as to address the injury to the domestic industry,” the DGAD has said in a notification.

The recommended duty ranges between $174 and $528 per tonne.

The decision to finally impose the duty was taken by the finance ministry. SRF Ltd and Reliance Industries Ltd had jointly filed the before the DGAD for initiation of the antidumping investigation.

This yarn, also called as industrial yarn, is used for manufacture of tyre cord fabric, seat belt webbing, ropes, coated fabric, conveyor belt fabric and automotive hose.

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Prices of paraxylene in Asia decreased by USD49 per tonne  – Paraxylene Prices Asia

Paraxylene Prices Asia Paraxylene Prices Asia   Paraxylene Prices Asia   Paraxylene Prices Asia   Paraxylene Prices Asia   Paraxylene Prices Asia  

Prices of paraxylene in Asia decreased by USD49 per tonne 

 Paraxylene Prices Asia    MOSCOW- Prices for paraxylene in Asia fell by USD49 per tonne compared to its annual maximum, which was observed in mid-May, ICIS reports.

Paraxylene prices have largely declined due to lower oil prices and refined terephthalic acid (TPA).  According to market participants, sales in the polyester markets began to decline by the end of May, which also weakened the buying mood of market participants.

Moreover, additional supplies from new paraxylene production facilities from Saudi Arabia and Vietnam and the resumption of the production of Fuhaichuang Petrochemical paraxylene have put downward pressure on prices.

Paraxylene is one of the main raw materials for the production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET).

According to the Price Review of ICIS-MRC , the tension in the Russian PET-granulate market continues to increase.  It is expected that in June material prices will reach maximum levels and the shortage of free volumes will be further exacerbated.  From the middle of July, a break in the current trend and the beginning of the process of returning the market to a balance situation.

mrcplast.ru

Author:   Anna Larionova

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Europe PET price soars 30% in first five months of 2018 on unprecedented tightness – Europe PET price tightness

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Europe PET price soars 30% in first five months of 2018 on unprecedented tightness

 Source:ICIS News

LONDON (ICIS)–The European polyethylene terephthalate (PET) price market has jumped around 30% in the first five months of 2018 due to unprecedented tightness, sources said on Thursday.

 Europe PET price tightness “June is extremely tight. July will be pretty tight as well. I thought there could be a relevant [price] drop late August and September, but now I am not sure. All the time there are surprises,” a trader said.

The combination of a heavily contracted environment in Europe and a series of unplanned shutdowns across the globe have created chaos.

The market is dry. What small, domestic volumes are being made available for spot are priced over €1,350/tonne FD (free delivered) Europe, so around €300/tonne higher than where the year began.

 Europe PET price tightness The dire situation is not limited to a few customers who planned to buy in additional spot as and when they need it.

It includes small and large buyers left stranded by a string of production problems.

“The market is structurally oversupplied and most of the oversupply is in China, but still it is running out of PET. It’s a crazy situation,” a converter said.

Even if the BP force majeure on upstream purified terephthalic acid (PTA) were to be lifted this week, relief would not be immediate.

Europeans are “completely sold out”.

A reseller said: “[There are] producers who are in trouble now because of BP, then next month producers will be in trouble because of Hanwha, [the force majeure on PTA in South Korea].”

There are still a few customers waiting to see if prices start to drop, but the focus for many is on securing volume, and price is inconsequential at the moment.

“It’s crazy and can be that €1,400/tonne [FD Europe] is not the end,” a producer said.

The last time these sort of prices were reached was in 2012, but then raw materials and crude oil were much more expensive than they are now.

 Europe PET price tightness  Europe PET price tightness

PET is used in fibres for clothing, containers and bottles for liquids and foods, thermoforming for manufacturing, and in combination with glass fibre for engineering resins.

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Asia benzene demand may improve; supply to stay long into H2 – Asia benzene demand

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Asia benzene demand may improve; supply to stay long into H2

 Source:ICIS News

 Asia benzene demand SINGAPORE (ICIS)–Asia’s benzene demand may improve in July-August with the expected restart of downstream plants from turnarounds, with supply to be curtailed by scheduled shutdowns of two regional facilities.

But the high inventories in the key China market, as well as along the supply chain in Asia, will require time to whittle down, which will hinge on the strength of demand across Asia in the third quarter.

Strong run rates at benzene units in Asia amid turnarounds at downstream styrene monomer (SM), phenol and methyl diphenyl di-isocyanate (MDI) plants caused the build-up in stocks across the region in the first half of this year.

Inventories in the key China market piled up above 230,000 tonnes in May this year, from around 150,000 tonnes in December 2017.

“Most downstream turnarounds will complete in May and June, hence benzene consumption will likely increase from the third quarter,” a Singapore-based trader said.

Availability of benzene will also be curtailed as SK Global and Ulsan Aromatics have scheduled maintenance at their plants in the second half of May/June.

New supplies could also hit Asia in the third quarter, with the start-up Petro Rabigh’s new 400,000 tonne/year benzene facility in the second quarter, although operations at this plant remains erratic.

In Vietnam, Nghi Son Refinery’s 250,000 tonne/year plant is expected to have benzene cargoes available in July.

“Demand for benzene in Asia and the US in the third quarter will play an important role in reducing the supply in the region,” said another trader in Singapore.

The spot east-west arbitrage window has not stayed open throughout the first half of 2018, hampering shipping of cargoes to the US. South Korea and Japan are key exporters of benzene to the US.

“The arbitrage window was largely open in April but became not viable in May,” said a South Korea-based producer.

Benzene is a base chemical used to make other chemicals such as SM, phenol and caprolactam.

Asia benzene demand

In the second quarter, suppliers in the region were grappling with excess inventories and a lack of outlets for their cargoes.

Most key buyers in China, Taiwan and southeast Asia have sufficient supplies, with little appetite for spot cargoes. Lackluster demand caused the CFR (cost & freight) China prices to fall below FOB (free on board) Korea prices, according to ICIS data.

Premium for spot parcels into Taiwan (CFR) also declined to the low single digits over FOB Korea in the first half of May as buyers had little spot interest.

The situation was just as dismal in southeast Asia, where FOB SE Asia prices traded at a discount of $35/tonne to FOB Korea at one point in the second half of April.

In India, FOB India trades were at a discount of more than $50/tonne to FOB Korea as demand waned.

Focus article by Clive Ong

Additional reporting by Dora Zhou

Interactive by Nurluqman Suratman

Picture: Container port in Qingdao, Shandong Province, east China. (Photographer: Yu Fangping/Pacific Press via ZUMA Wire/REX/Shutterstock)

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India To Eliminate Single-Use Plastic By 2022 – India Eliminate Single Use Plastic

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India To Eliminate Single-Use Plastic By 2022

The Indian Government has taken an “unprecedented” step against plastic pollution in pledging to cut out all single-use plastics by 2022.

India Eliminate Single Use Plastic

Prime Minister Narendra Modi: “The choices that we make today will define our collective future.”

Nations across the world have been announcing their commitments to cut plastic waste following this year’s World Environment Day, which was hosted by India with the theme ‘Beat Plastic Pollution’. India’s commitment is the most ambitious by far and represents only the second time a country in its entirety has made such a pledge – following Costa Rica, which vowed in 2017 to ban all single-use plastics by 2021.Some of the most plastic-polluted rivers in the world – including the Indus and the Ganges – run through India, and the country itself produces around 25,000 tonnes of plastic waste every year, of which Environment Minister Harsh Vardhan claims 60 per cent is recycled.

Vardhan revealed the news at a World Environment Day summit in New Delhi on Tuesday (5 June), saying: “On this historic occasion we make a solemn pledge that by 2022 we shall eliminate all single-use plastics from our beautiful country.”

The announcement is an abrupt change from previous policy on plastics which coupled plastics consumption with the country’s economic growth; Petroleum and Natural Gas Minister Dharmendra Pradhan stated in 2016 that the Indian Government planned to double per capita consumption of plastics, to 20 kilogrammes per person by 2022 – a figure still lower than the world average consumption of 32kg.

The government has not stated how the policy will be implemented or what exactly it will consist of, whether that is a ban on the manufacture of single-use plastic products or a ban on the consumption of the products. The specifics of the policy also depend on what products will come under the umbrella of ‘single-use plastics’.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi stated at the summit: “The choices that we make today will define our collective future. The choices may not be easy. But through awareness, technology, and a genuine global partnership, I am sure we can make the right choices. Let us all join together to beat plastic pollution and make this planet a better place to live.”

A report released by the UN on Tuesday (5 June) details the wide range of actions being taken by governments to restrict the consumption and disposal of plastic products. Titled ‘Single-use plastics: A roadmap for sustainability’, the report covers some of the bans on specific plastic products being introduced around the world – with carrier bags a particularly common target.

China, for instance, banned vendors from providing free plastic bags in 2008, resulting in an apparent 66 per cent drop in usage; the Australian Capital Territory banned the items in 2011, resulting in a reduction in bags to landfill of around a third; and since August 2017 in Kenya anyone found using, selling or producing a plastic bag could face up to four years in jail or fines of $40,000 (£31,000).

In the UK, charges are applied to plastic bags to discourage consumption, and the central and devolved governments have been discussing complete bans on some other frequently littered plastic products, including straws and cotton-buds – products that have recently been targeted by the European Commission, which in May proposed an EU-wide ban on some single-use items.

India Eliminate Single Use Plastic

Plastic waste in Batlapalem, Andhra Pradesh

India has already seen a number of bans enacted at a state level, to varying degrees of success. The UN report states that Himachal Pradesh has seen a ‘significant decrease in plastic pollution’ since a 2004 ban on non-biodegradable plastic bags, but similar bans in Karnataka and Punjab have had limited impact. ‘Poor enforcement’ is blamed for this result in a number of states, including New Delhi and Haryana. To successfully implement a wider ban across the entirety of India, the second most populated country in the world with 1.3 billion residents, would be a vastly ambitious project.As well as the announcement on single-use plastics, the Indian Government has revealed plans to make 100 national monuments litter-free and to establish a marine litter action programme as part of the UN Environment Clean Seas campaign, which was set up in February 2017 with the aim of ‘engaging governments, the general public, civil society and the private sector in the fight against marine plastic litter.’

“Environmental degradation hurts the poor and vulnerable the most,” Modi said. “It is the duty of each one of us to ensure that material prosperity does not compromise our environment.”

Erik Solheim, Head of UN Environment, commented: “India has made a phenomenal commitment and displayed clear, decisive and global environmental leadership. This will inspire the world and ignite real change.”

The UN’s report contains a 10-step ‘roadmap’ for governments looking to curb single-use plastics, which includes advice to target the most problematic items, identify and engage key stakeholders, promote alternatives and provide incentives to industry to support the transition away from single-use plastic.

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Arkema increases its specialty polyamide powder capacities in France – Arkema specialty polyamide powder France

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Arkema increases its specialty polyamide powder capacities in France

CORPORATE  FINANCE  PRODUCTS
Arkema specialty polyamide powder France To support the strong worldwide demand in ultra-high performing powders for industrial applications, in particular in the coatings, composite and 3D printing markets, Arkema is to expand its global production capacity at its Mont site (France) by more than 50%. This investment of around €20 M will come on stream in the second half of 2019.

Arkema is to increase its global specialty polyamides powders capacities by more than 50% at its Mont site in France. These powders are marketed under the brand name Orgasol®. This expansion is scheduled to come on stream in the second half of 2019.

Réalisation de pièces par laser sintering à base de poudre PA

Orgasol® specialty polyamides powders are known for their exceptionally tightly controlled particle size distribution and their outstanding toughness.

They are often specified as ultra-high performing formulation additives, notably for coatings and advanced composite materials, as well as in the 3D printing.

This project will support the steady customer growth in these industrial applications.

This latest expansion announcement for Arkema’s specialty polyamides demonstrates its commitment to its global customer base.

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Many factors discourage new styrene plants in US, EU – Factors discourage styrene plants USA EU

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Many factors discourage new styrene plants in US, EU

Source:ICIS News

COLORADO SPRINGS, Colorado (ICIS)–Several factors are discouraging companies from adding new styrene capacity in the US or in Europe, the CEO of Trinseo said.

Factors discourage styrene plants USA EU Styrene margins for the industry have recovered, but so far, only INEOS Styrolution is considering a new styrene plant in North America or Europe. It will commission an engineering study for a world-scale styrene monomer (SM) plant on the US Gulf Coast.

The other styrene producers have not announced any plans. Trinseo itself has been emphatic. It has no plans to build any styrene capacity, either by itself or through its AmSty joint venture.

Trinseo CEO Chris Pappas gave several reasons on the sidelines of the annual meeting of the American Chemistry Council (ACC).

Although styrene margins have recovered, they are still not consistently high enough to support investing in new capacity, he said.

The major producers of styrene monomer have recently completed a long process of restructuring the industry and shutting down plants, he said.

In the US, the country is already a net exporter of styrene, so there is no local need for new capacity, he said. If any new capacity is added in the country, much of it would be exported.

Were a producer to build a plant in the US, it would still need to earn a large enough profit to justify the investment after paying for the expenses involved with exporting much of the plant’s capacity and importing benzene, he said. Although the US is long on styrene, it is short on benzene and needs to import it.

On the demand side for styrene, Trinseo expects it to grow by 2.3% annually because the monomer’s  derivatives are used in a wide variety of markets.

These derivatives include solution styrene butadiene rubber (SSBR), acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) and styrene acrylonitrile as well as polystyrene (PS).

SSBR is helping companies produce better performing tyres, allowing automobiles to meet stricter fuel efficiency standards.

Likewise, ABS and other resins are making vehicles weigh less, which also makes them more fuel efficient.

Fuel efficiency is becoming more important as automobile producers plan to develop electric vehicles, said Tim Stedman, senior vice president. Batteries limit the range of these automobiles, so any weight savings will let them travel farther on a charge.

In medical applications, styrenics polymers can be used in polycarbonate (PC) and ABS blends that can withstand multiple sterilisation cycles, Stedman said.

Electronics are yet another end market.

The ACC Annual Meeting ends on Wednesday.

Interview article by Al Greenwood

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China draws maximum investment in textile machinery: ITMF – China investment textile machinery ITMF

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China draws maximum investment in textile machinery: ITMF
China investment textile machinery ITMF
Courtesy: ITMF

Investments in new textile machinery are concentrated mostly in Asia and in particular in China, which accepts 40-50 per cent of global shipments of such machinery, said Christian Schindler, director general of the International Textile Manufacturers Federation (ITMF). One reason behind this is high productivity in Asia, he said in an interview to Fibre2Fashion.

Rising wages in China are offset by investments in more automated and more efficient machines that are faster, better and less energy and water-intensive, Schindler said.

A second reason is the increasing demand for textiles and apparel in Asia, especially in China, he said According to Euromonitor, with a retail value of $341 billion, China will be the largest retail market in the world by 2020 surpassing the EU and the US with a retail value of $303 billion and $289 billion respectively.

Founded in 1904, ITMF is an international forum for the global textiles industry, dedicated to keeping its worldwide membership constantly informed through surveys, studies and annual conferences as well as publishing considered opinions on future trends and international developments.

The organisation is busy preparing for its annual conference in October in Nairobi with the theme ‘Supply Chains & Business Models in Times of Rapid Change’. (DS)

For the full interview, please click here.

Fibre2Fashion News Desk – India

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NGOs urge restriction proposal on titanium dioxide consumer articles – NGOs titanium dioxide consumer

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NGOs urge restriction proposal on titanium dioxide consumer articles

NGOs titanium dioxide consumer A group of NGOs has called on EU member states to propose a restriction on the use of titanium dioxide in consumer articles, based on REACH article 68(2).

The article provides a “simplified procedure” that can be applied when substances classified as carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic for reproduction (CMR) could be used by consumers.

The standard restriction procedure of articles 69 to 73 requires preparation of an Annex XV dossier to initiate the restriction process, a public consultation, opinions by Echa committees and a consultation with the agency’s Enforcement Forum.

In a letter to REACH committee members, the NGOs urge the proposal in addition to a scheduled discussion at their meeting on 13 June on measures for the harmonised classification and labelling of the substance as a category 2 carcinogen.

The French authorities submitted an intention to propose a harmonised classification for titanium dioxide as a category 1B carcinogen in November 2015.

The European Environmental Bureau (EEB), the Health and Environment Alliance (HEAL); and the European Environmental Citizens Organisation for Standardisation (Ecos) say they are “deeply concerned” about recent industry lobbying to push the CLP regulation’s “purely scientific endeavour” to include socio-economic considerations, such as:

  • market consequences of the decision;
  • impact on the circular economy;
  • claimed lack of alternatives; and
  • even the indispensable ‘bright colours’ it provides.

They are also concerned that risk and exposure aspects are being considered when classification should be based solely on the hazards of the substance.

“The CLP process is a scientific hazard-based process where there is no room for these misleading risk or political considerations,” they say.

Inhalation

Additionally, a proposed derogation for the classification of titanium dioxide when suspended in a liquid – even for products that are sprayed and therefore may be inhaled and potentially cause cancer – is “worrying”, the NGOs say.

Such a derogation “is not supported by robust scientific data that demonstrates that a sprayed liquid or solid matrices containing titanium dioxide will undoubtedly not cause cancer”, they add. “On the contrary it seems logical that spray particles can in fact be very easily inhaled. For example, if paint is being sprayed, the possibility of intoxication by inhalation remains.”

In 2017 Echa’s Risk Assessment Committee (Rac) issued an Opinion on the hazard classification of all forms of titanium dioxide and proposed classification as a carcinogen category 2 through inhalation. The NGOs say there is “no reference at all to either powder or liquid form of [titanium dioxide], indeed the proposed classification applies to the overall chemical substance”.

As acknowledged by Rac, the NGOs add, titanium dioxide lung carcinogenicity is associated with inhalation of respirable particles. For this reason, Rac considers the toxicity profile observed as a basic property of inhaled and respirable particles of titanium dioxide. Therefore, the NGOs say, from a toxicological point of view (following the CLP regulation criteria) all inhalable forms of the substance “deserve a classification as carcinogen category 2 at the least”.

They urged member states to follow Rac’s opinion on the classification of the chemical and reject any derogation or limitation to the classification.

OELs

The NGOs refute arguments that workers are already protected through occupational health legislation and derived occupational exposure limits (OELs) and that consumers are not exposed. “There is extensive evidence that OELs are not protective for the nano forms and freelancers and artists are not covered by occupational legislation in the EU,” they say and give the example of consumers being put at risk by using spray paints and spray sunscreens containing the chemical.

The NGOs end their letter by warning that if the competent authorities do not follow Echa’s opinion, “a very bad precedent will be set as competent authorities will open the door for disregarding science in future”.

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Petco confident in South Africa’s PET recycling resilience – Petco South Africa PET recycling resilience

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Petco confident in South Africa’s PET recycling resilience

Petco South Africa PET recycling resilience
Photo by Marleny Arnoldi
Petco chairperson Dr Casper Durandt speaks at the Petco AGM

BY: MARLENY ARNOLDI

Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) recycling company Petco describes 2017 as one of the most challenging years for the company, with a 13% year-on-year consumption decline in the local PET market.

However, despite the fall in the total PET market, PET recycling tonnages grew by 3%.

Petco CEO Cheri Scholtz noted during Petco’s annual general meeting, on Thursday, that market conditions put severe pressure on the PET industry, owing to the recession in the economy during the second quarter of 2017.

“PET consumption was flat in 2017 because the economy was performing below its potential; political instability continued; the exchange rate fluctuated; the downgrade of the country’s sovereign debt ratings reduced economic growth forecasts for the year; and strike action at some of the major players in the industry also contributed to the local supply disruption,” Scholtz explained.

Despite the tough conditions, Petco managed to collect over 93 000 t of PET, compared with 90 000 t in 2016, which equated to 2.15-billion bottles being recycled (5.9-million every day) out of a market consumption that reached 211 000 t for the year.

“That is a record 65% of post-consumer bottles being recycled.”

On the upside, in November 2017, for the first time, Petcobroke its record of total tonnage collected in a month, exceeding 8 900 t.

“Thankfully, we have seen a return to normal market dynamics this year,” Scholtz emphasised.

Since 2004, Petco has collected more than seven-billion recyclable bottles, which has saved 3.7-million cubic meters of landfill space and 913 000 t of carbon emissions.

Scholtz states that 96% of bottles collected were reprocessed into new end-use products in 2017, while 4% were exported. Of the 96%, 38% of all bottles collected went into food-grade packaging and 58% went into bottle-to-fibre products, including geotextiles.

In July 2017, to help solve the challenge of marine wastePetco helped to organise the first African Marine Network conference – a significant step in solving the challenges of marine pollution. Petco also co-sponsors the communications hub for the network.

Petco chairperson Dr Casper Durandt commented that the recycling market in 2017 faced mixed fortunes.

“In the wake of China’s ban on a number of waste streams, countries across the globe scrambled to deal with their wasteas the traditional waste offtaker ceased to take any more waste.

The effect on the South African market is yet to be fully realised. Our unique model where we recycle almost all the bottles we collect locally has shielded us from the devastating effect this ban has had in many markets around the world,” he elaborated.

Durandt added that what is bearing fruit is that Petco’s focus since its establishment has been on supporting and growing local beneficiation of post-consumer PET, which means that the country’s PET recycling rate has been remarkably resilient.

“While the world is still recovering from an economic recession, PET recycling figures in South Africa continued to grow despite tough trading conditions in 2017.”

In 2018, based on figures received from Petco’s shareholders and partners in the PET value chainPetco anticipates the total market consumption to remain between 220 000 t and 230 000 t.

Market growth will be close to 0% (compared with 15% PET consumption market growth in 2016) from what it would have been, had no resin shortfall occurred in 2017.

Nonetheless, Durandt said Petco is well positioned to facilitate the collection and recycling of over 100 000 t of post-consumer PET bottles in 2018.

Meanwhile, Petco welcomes the legislation that provides for industry waste management plans. A call for industry wastemanagement plans was announced by the Department of Environmental Affairs in December 2016.

“We are required to submit our plan by September 2018. We believe that statutory extended producer responsibility will enable us to specify enforcement mechanisms, such as penalty procedures and provisions for noncompliance, to create a level playing field among PET users.”

“We require converters to work with brand owners, retailers, municipalities and other stakeholders, as appropriate, to develop and implement plans to advance the circular economy approach to waste management,” said Durandt.

The plan will also discuss creating better products, reducing reliance on the extraction of virgin materials and supporting efforts to fight climate change.

“The plan will contain both challenges and opportunities with respect to the recycling industry in South Africa. Some of the challenges include measures regarding financing of industry plans through the National Treasury and the collection of tax,” he pointed out.

The opportunities, however, are more exciting. If implemented properly, industry waste management plans have the potential to significantly improve the recycling economy and result in well-run, cost-effective programmes, increased recycling and environmental benefits, coupled with skills development and job creation, noted Durandt.

Petco will continue to consult with stakeholders as it develops its plan for the PET industry.

Further, the outlook for 2018 is positive. Durandt believes the Chinese ban will stimulate the creation of local solutions.

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