Magna seating plant Czech Republic BMW Europe

Magna opens seating plant in Czech Republic to serve BMW in EuropeMagna seating plant Czech Republic BMW Europe

With a production area measuring 6,000 square meters, the plant has the capacity to produce more than 360,000 seat sets per year. Magna seating plant Czech Republic BMW Europe

by Canadian Plastics

Magna seating plant Czech Republic BMW Europe

Magna officially opens its new seating facility in Chomutov, Czech Republic, to support new BMW Group business.

Magna International Inc. has opened its second seating business and facility with BMW Group, this one located in Chomutov, Czech Republic.Magna seating plant Czech Republic BMW Europe

The new plant, which will employ about 300 workers by the end of next year, will be supplying seating systems in various configurations for several BMW models for the European market.Magna seating plant Czech Republic BMW Europe

With a production area measuring 6,000 square meters, the plant has the capacity to produce more than 360,000 seat sets per year, Magna said in a statement.

Production is expected to start before the end of this year.

“This is a big win for our employees as well as our community, where we are making a positive economic impact,” Martin Polívka, general manager of the new Chomutov plant, said in the statement.Magna seating plant Czech Republic BMW Europe

“Our facility is using the latest technology with special attention given to high flexibility so that we can react quickly to new developments and changing requirements of our customers,”Magna seating plant Czech Republic BMW Europe

Magna’s seating group has 16 manufacturing locations in Europe, five of them in the Czech Republic, along with 50 manufacturing locations and six R&D centres around the rest of the world.Magna seating plant Czech Republic BMW Europe

Magna is headquartered in Aurora, Ont

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Benefits Plastics energy efficient environmentally friendly

Open Letter on the Benefits of Plastics Benefits Plastics energy efficient environmentally friendly

Benefits Plastics energy efficient environmentally friendly

P D Coates, H Benkreira, B R Whiteside, A L Kelly, Polymer Interdisciplinary Research Centre/ Faculty of Engineering & Informatics

S Rimmer, R Hamed, Polymer Interdisciplinary Research Centre/ Faculty of Life Sciences

A Sharif, U Sivarajah, Z Irani, J Mishra, Faculty of Management, Law & Social Sciences

All at the University of Bradford, Bradford BD7 1DP, UK

Contact author: p.d.coates@bradford.ac.uk

Web sites: www.polyeng.com   www.ceforplastics.uk

-We live in the plastic age and various excellent impacts on our life and planet continue to come from plastics.

‘Plastics’ covers a remarkable set of families of materials which we in the Polymer IRC research laboratories at the University of Bradford are helping to develop further.

Typically we use the manufacturing process to develop improved properties in plastics so achieving a ‘double whammy’ of making precision items and enhancing their properties at the same time. This has opened up new markets worldwide.

Some examples are products made by exploiting in a controlled way orientation of the molecules which make up solid plastics.Benefits Plastics energy efficient environmentally friendly

Our special energy-efficient and environmentally friendly stretching processes, such as drawing plastics through specially shaped metal dies, can raise the stiffness of a humble, low cost polyethylene up to 80 fold to match the stiffness of aluminium, whilst staying much lighter.Benefits Plastics energy efficient environmentally friendly

At the same time, other physical properties, such as thermal and barrier properties, are also enhanced.  Because of our detailed understanding of the orientation processes, we can tailor how much improvement in properties we need to make for different applications.

These include geogrids for land reinforcement e.g. Tensar products, wood replacement Materials – a spin out company Eotek in the USA has used our technology to develop building materials from talc filled polypropylenes, oriented to make superior property products to wood, which also exhibit hurricane resistance on impact; high precision oriented tubes of 100 µm wall thickness similar to hair thickness are made from a plastic, PLA, made from corn starch, which after laser cutting a pattern in are used to make bioresorbable, drug coated arterial stents (Arterius Ltd).

In some cases the orientation can be reversed by triggering for example at body temperature to cause shape change. We exploit this shape memory property for PLA Materials to be fixings for soft tissue to bone in orthopaedic repairs (initially with Smith and Nephew).Benefits Plastics energy efficient environmentally friendly

It has recently been shown that we can make shape memory PLA sutures which self tighten, with antimicrobial silver coating.Benefits Plastics energy efficient environmentally friendly

In a collaboration with Sichuan University, part of our extensive UK China Advanced materials for healthcare research community, we have found a bonus of our oriented PLAs is excellent resistance to blood cells sticking to the material because of the surface roughness created by our processes.Benefits Plastics energy efficient environmentally friendly

In other precision processing of plastics in our laboratory we are creating surface patterns which exhibit antimicrobial behaviour or we control surface features to make optical lens products and pain free micro-needles for drug delivery, plus precision dental root canal products.Benefits Plastics energy efficient environmentally friendly

The range of valuable-in some cases life-saving, and in many cases life enhancing- applications of oriented plastics is expanding.

Surgeons are excited about our shape memory fixations as of these can simplify keyhole surgery and benefit to patients; safe implants, including bioresorbable ones offer significant advantages to patients over conventional metal implants, including lighter weight and matching of properties with bone.Benefits Plastics energy efficient environmentally friendly

So many aspects of our lives are positively affected by plastics – we need them!  Accordingly we should also treat them with respect in the many other applications where their use is valuable such as food packaging to avoid food waste, but which get adverse press not through their usefulness but through poor, undefendable disposal practices.

Single use or multiuse, recycled or creatively employed, we can achieve superb properties and products with plastics – for good!

‘Waste Plastics – our treasure in the wrong place’

Meanwhile, whilst we should strongly promote the benefits of this remarkable family of materials, it is increasingly recognised that there is no ‘away’ so we can’t continue to be a “throw-away society”.

Polymers are too good to waste – they are chemically rich, made from the amazingly rich oil (over 90% of which sadly  we consume by effectively burning it, only a small fraction is turned into polymers – which contain the same calorific value as the oil they are derived from); it makes no sense to scrap polymers having invested in making these important and highly useful materials (that includes the ‘biodegradable polymer’ routes).

We therefore recognise the importance of communicating values – plastics waste is “our treasure in the wrong place” and our research at Bradford is part of the hope we must communicate, along with the encouragement of re-use and value-added ways of using waste polymer materials and hence in broader up-cycling, loop – and systems thinking within a circular economy context. Benefits Plastics energy efficient environmentally friendly

At Bradford we recognise the multi-disciplinary approach needed to address these issues, and bring together in our world-class Polymer IRC (polymer engineering, materials chemistry, life sciences) plus Management, where we link with the Ellen MacArthur Foundation – we are a recognised leading, and the first, Pioneer University in Circular Economy research and have the first MBA-level teaching programme in CE, Innovation & Enterprise. Benefits Plastics energy efficient environmentally friendly

We have strong industry and professional body links, seeking to work together to mitigate plastics waste, and promote the best practices for the use and reuse of plastics.

Background:

Plastic waste is of growing environmental, social and political importance in the UK – and globally. Over 300 million tonnes of plastics are produced annually; this has risen dramatically from 15 million tonnes in 1964 and is expected to double over the next 20 years [1].Benefits Plastics energy efficient environmentally friendly

Plastics have become key materials in many strategic sectors but generation of plastics solid waste (PSW) is a major problem. Of the 8.3 billion tonnes of plastics produced cumulatively worldwide, 6.3 billion tonnes of waste has been created [2].

Of this amount, only around 9% has been recycled, 12% incinerated and 79% accumulated in landfills or leaked into the natural environment – a clear loss of investment, with high value products not being used / reused / repurposed.

The ‘linear’ economy model (Take, Make, Dispose) has led to increasing environmental and political concerns – the amount of PSW entering the oceans has been estimated at 8 million tonnes per year and growing, which has a huge impact on marine ecosystems [3]. The recent decision by the Chinese government banning imports of plastic waste in 2018 puts further pressure on the UK [4].Benefits Plastics energy efficient environmentally friendly

A Circular Economy delivery is crucial – and we aim to help achieve this in our research: “zero waste” vitally requires both technical and behavioural changes.

Technically, in addition to reuse/ repurposing, end of life plastics may be recycled or used for energy recovery as alternatives to disposal by landfill, but recent policy reports [1,5] argue that waste plastics are a resource whose value can only be recovered by a closed loop approach, utilising more effective waste management and promoting recycling, using energy recovery as a complementary option.

Plastics recycling levels are increasing – in Europe the amount of plastics waste recycled overtook the amount of plastics disposed of by landfill for the first time in 2016.

However, whereas recycling routes are well established for large volume, relatively clean waste streams such as PET and HDPE bottles, many polymeric products are more difficult to classify, separate and recycle using conventional techniques.

These include multi-layered plastics, fibre reinforced plastics and cross-linked polymers e.g. thermosets and rubbers.Benefits Plastics energy efficient environmentally friendly

These materials constitute a number of high volume products such as packaging, waste tyres, and printed circuit boards.Benefits Plastics energy efficient environmentally friendly

There is an urgent need to develop economically and technically feasible routes of recovering these difficult to recycle polymeric materials. In parallel, there is need to develop – and strong interest in – renewably sourced virgin feedstocks, i.e. novel polymers from biomass by modification of biopolymers or from bioderived monomers (c.f. synthetic biology) – these could be capable of multiple recycles, with eventual cycle closure by composting. Benefits Plastics energy efficient environmentally friendly

Behaviourally, much also needs to be addressed, with evidence-based routes for change in both behaviour and legislation.  It is increasingly recognised that there is no ‘away’ so we can’t continue to be a “throw-away society”.Benefits Plastics energy efficient environmentally friendly

The burden of the disposal or use /reuse of end of life products (especially packaging and fast moving consumer goods) is only just beginning to be shifted to producers and manufacturers (“No Zero Burden” argument [6]).

Collection strategies are crucial for consumer waste, and design using Plastics CE principles is just beginning to be embraced. At Bradford, we aim to address many of these pressing issues.Benefits Plastics energy efficient environmentally friendly

www.polyeng.com and www.ceforplastics.uk

References:

1. The new plastics economy: rethinking the future of plastics and catalysing action, Ellen MacArthur Foundation 2017 2. R Geyer et al., Production, use and fate of all plastics ever made, Sci. Adv. 2017 3, 7 3. JR Jambeck, Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean, Science, 13, Feb 2015  4. Chinese ban on plastic waste imports could see UK pollution rise, S Laville, Guardian, 2017 5. Plastics–the Facts 2017; An analysis of European plastics production, demand and waste data, Plast Eur 2018  6. Ilic, D.D., Eriksson O, Odlund, L, Aberg, M, No Zero Burden assumption in a Circular Economy. J.Clean.Prod, 182:352–362, 2018

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Graphene Mass Manufactured nano sheet stacks

Can Graphene Be Mass Manufactured? Graphene Mass Manufactured nano sheet stacks

Graphene Mass Manufactured nano sheet stacks

Numerous questions surface about whether 2D materials are the best choice for extreme scaling, and so far there are few answers.Graphene Mass Manufactured nano sheet stacks

Since the isolation of graphene in 2004, the high mobility and unique transport properties of 2-dimensional semiconductors have tantalized physicists and materials scientists. Their in-plane carrier transport and lack of dangling bonds potentially can minimize line/edge scattering and other effects of extreme scaling.Graphene Mass Manufactured nano sheet stacks

While 2-D materials cannot compete with silicon at current device dimensions, their performance may degrade less quickly as feature sizes shrink. According to Iuliana Radu, distingished member of the technical staff at Imec, 2-D semiconductors may be the only alternative for sub-15 nm devices.

But 2-D semiconductors also offer a vivid demonstration of the large gap between simulations and laboratory experiments, and from there to devices that can be manufactured by the billions using existing fab infrastructure. There is no clear path to consistent fabrication of 2-D single crystals at this time, Radu noted. Nor are there clear integration paths to achieve stable, repeatable device performance, or processes of record for such fundamental operations as doping and contact formation.

Van der Waals forces build nano sheet stacks
The obstacles to 2-D device development begin with the fabrication of the materials. Graphene was first isolated through mechanical exfoliation, a fancy name for a fairly crude procedure in which single layers are pulled from a bulk sample using adhesive tape. The difficulties inherent in scaling that method to hundreds, much less billions of devices, should be obvious.Graphene Mass Manufactured nano sheet stacks

One alternative, electrochemical intercalation, infiltrates an inert molecule into a chemical vapor deposition film, chemically isolating the top layer while continuing to use the substrate for mechanical support.Graphene Mass Manufactured nano sheet stacks

Another depends on atomic layer deposition of individual layers, followed by a passivation layer. Layer-by-layer deposition methods can be used to construct van der Waals heterostructures, in which a stack is held together by van der Waals forces while each layer retains its 2-D character.Graphene Mass Manufactured nano sheet stacks

The properties of van der Waals heterostructures depend on the number of layers, their composition, and the twist angle between them, giving designers wide latitude to achieve the behavior they want.Graphene Mass Manufactured nano sheet stacks

The twist angle in particular can be used to impose long-range periodicity in the absence of three-dimensional crystalline structures.

Moreover, as demonstrated with stacked MoS2 monolayers, the number of layers can define the bandgap of the structure. The coefficients of thermal expansion of the substrate and of individual layers can be tuned to control strain, further adjusting the electrical properties.

When building such structures, though, it’s important to remember that 2-D semiconductors are not a single material, but an entire class of compounds. Conventional III-V and II-VI semiconductors share many structural and electrical characteristics with silicon, germanium, and each other.Graphene Mass Manufactured nano sheet stacks

So materials scientists can vary semiconductor composition as needed to tune the band gap, lattice parameters, and other properties without dramatic changes to the overall integration scheme.Graphene Mass Manufactured nano sheet stacks

Two-dimensional semiconductors, in contrast, come from different parts of the periodic table. They have different electrical properties, different lattice structures, and different chemical characteristics.

Toward 2-D devices
For example, black phosphorus offers high mobility, but it is unstable in both air and water. Researchers have attempted to turn its need for layer transfer-based fabrication techniques into a virtue, pointing out that low-temperature processes reduce the impact of thermal expansion and lattice mismatch between the semiconductor and the substrate.

Nicolò Oliva, a graduate student at École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, and his colleagues transferred exfoliated black phosphorus to a prepared substrate with embedded silver or gold electrodes, then passivated the structure with boron nitride followed by an Al2O3 dielectric.

In these devices, the contact work function determined the gate polarity, with gold contacts favoring holes and silver favoring electrons.

The gate and drain voltage can be used to modulate the Fermi level and band alignments. Performance was promising, with a 70 mV/decade sub-threshold swing. But making such a device in large quantities is sure to be challenging.

Boron nitride, used as a passivating layer for black phosphorus and as a dopant for graphene, has also attracted attention as a 2-D semiconductor in its own right. One group deposited hexagonal boron nitride directly onto cobalt and iron electrodes.

In such magnetic tunnel junctions, among the building blocks of spintronics, hBN serves as the tunneling barrier between cobalt and iron. Switching the polarities of magnetic domains changes the height of the tunneling barrier, causing the device to behave as a magnetometer.Graphene Mass Manufactured nano sheet stacks

The last group of 2-D semiconductors, the dichalcogenides, are reasonably stable and can be fabricated by such relatively mature processes as chemical vapor deposition.

Unfortunately, Tarun Agarwal, a postdoctoral researcher at ETH Zurich, along with researchers at Imec, reported at last year’s IEDM that simulation results for these materials are relatively poor, with low mobility and low drive currents.

Competitive devices probably will need to be based on stacks of nanosheets rather than single layers.

As in other stacked nano sheet devices, the number of layers, the components of the stack, and the internal structure of the stack all contribute to device characteristics. As is the case in silicon, double-gate devices offer better electrostatics and better currents than single-gate devices.

Conclusion
Even this brief survey raises as many questions as it answers about the commercial prospects for 2-D semiconductor devices. Yet Imec’s Radu explained that the industry does not appear to have a choice. “Probably, the alternative to 2D semiconductors is changing the computing paradigm,” she said.Graphene Mass Manufactured nano sheet stacks

The lower effective mass of III-V semiconductors means that direct source-drain tunneling becomes a problem at longer gate lengths than in silicon. Quantum dots provide very little current, limiting their viability for general-purpose logic.

Though 2-D materials pose challenges, as well, Radu noted, “there are lots of things we haven’t figured out how to do, but we don’t see any fundamental roadblock.”

She expects any commercial applications of the materials are probably at least 10 years away. For 5nm devices, the decision point is probably five or six years away. She expects it will take that much time for the industry to understand the scaling limitations of 2-D materials and find a realistic path to commercialization.

Related Stories
The Growing Materials Challenge
New applications and continued device scaling are putting increasing emphasis on materials engineering.
Chipmakers Look To New Materials
Silicon will be supplemented by 2D materials to extend Moore’s Law.
Power/Performance Bits: July 3
Graphene foam

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Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile 22-10-2018

-Crude Oil Prices Trend

Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-Polymers Polyester Yarn PET Petrochemicals Prices

Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-Plastic recycling industry’s problems costing councils up to £500,000 a year

Chinese ban on waste imports is significantly affecting UK councils’ ability to collect and recycle plastic

Major problems in the plastic recycling industry are costing local councils in England up to £500,000 extra a year, as they struggle to deal with the continuing fallout from import bans imposed by countries who are no longer able to take the UK’s waste.

A survey by the Local Government Association (LGA) revealed nearly half of councils who responded (52) say China’s ban is having a significant impact on their ability to collect and recycle plastic, due to rising costs. Fourteen councils across the country say their recycling costs have increased by an average of half a million pounds a year, in part because of rising processing charges per tonne.

Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-Magna opens seating plant in Czech Republic to serve BMW in Europe

With a production area measuring 6,000 square meters, the plant has the capacity to produce more than 360,000 seat sets per year.

Magna officially opens its new seating facility in Chomutov, Czech Republic, to support new BMW Group business.

Magna International Inc. has opened its second seating business and facility with BMW Group, this one located in Chomutov, Czech Republic.

The new plant, which will employ about 300 workers by the end of next year, will be supplying seating systems in various configurations for several BMW models for the European market. With a production area measuring 6,000 square meters, the plant has the capacity to produce more than 360,000 seat sets per year, Magna said in a statement.

Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-Radici plans new nylon uses

Frierichshafen, Germany — Radici Group is focused on new applications for its nylon resins, and officials don’t seem concerned about a global shortage of feedstocks used to make nylon 6/6.

The Bergamo, Italy-based materials firm is enjoying double-digit sales growth so far in 2018, Davide Preti, the company’s Nordic and Eastern European regional sales manager, said at an Oct. 17 press event. Erico Spini, global marketing manager, addressed new growth opportunities for the firm, which derives around half of its plastics sales from the automotive market.

For electric vehicles, Spini said that the introduction of hybrid and fully sized electric vehicles is creating opportunities for Radici’s nylon 6/6, 6/10 and 6/12 materials to be used in recharger plugs, sockets and high-voltage system components.

Demand for electrical vehicles is expected to grow, especially in Europe, where new carbon dioxide emission standards will be in place by 2021.

Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-Oerlikon’s texturing research at Suzhou site gets awarded20

The years of intensive research and development in the field of texturing, which Oerlikon Barmag is doing at the Suzhou site in China, has been recognised. On October 12, 2018, the new R&D centre was officially inaugurated. Around 80 guests took part in the ceremony. Government representatives and the top management level of the company attended the event.

The award is a tribute to the research and development work done so far in the field of texturing machines. For example, Oerlikon holds 34 patents granted, several more are currently in the grant stage. The award also reflects the reorientation in the area of texturing.

Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-Asahi Kasei forges ahead toward record $1.8bn profit

Tight market for petrochemicals boosts margins

Asahi Kasei is on track to post a record operating profit for the fiscal year ending March 2019.

Japanese chemical company Asahi Kasei is on track to reap a operating profit of more than 200 billion yen ($1.78 billion) for the first time ever this fiscal year, thanks in large part to the rising price of a key petrochemical used in plastics and fibers.

The profit would mark a 1% increase on the year, a turnaround from the 4% decline to 190 billion yen that the company had predicted. Sales for the year ending March 2019 are expected to rise 8% to just over 2.2 trillion yen, beating projections by about 45 billion yen.

The company is expected to upgrade its full-year guidance when it releases its first-half results on Nov. 2.

Acrylonitrile, used to make acrylic and carbon fibers, is the main driver behind its boost. Demand for the product is brisk, even as stricter environmental regulations in China has reduced supply.

Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-U.S. Tariffs on Textile Imports From China Leads to Trade Opportunities Elsewhere

With new tariffs being placed on textiles coming from China, many U.S. fabric importers are scrambling to find new textile trading partners whose goods are not subject to the recently imposed 10 percent tariff that could rise to 25 percent at the beginning of the year.

“I would expect to see sourcing shifts away from China to other countries or an increase in prices for goods that either can’t be sourced elsewhere or for which the cost of shifting is greater than the increase in duties,” said Elise Shibles with the San Francisco–based international law firm Sandler, Travis & Rosenberg.

Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-Industry 4.0 specialist TIG opening U.S. office

FRIEDRICHSHAFEN, Germany—An Austrian company that specializes in manufacturing execution systems for injection molders plans to open an office in the U.S.

Technische Informationssysteme GmbH, more commonly known as TIG, initially is setting up shop in York, Pa., where its parent company Engel Holding GmbH has a facility. But TIG is looking for a permanent site for the local office, which it expects to be somewhere in the northeastern U.S.

“Most of our customers are already there, so our first priority is to be near them,” Patric Lampert, TIG’s head of strategic project management, said in an interview at Fakuma.

TIG currently has 10 U.S. customers, and the local office will service them while recruiting more. The office will have four employees in 2019, headed by Erol-Kurt Yurtluk, who is currently sales manager.

Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-Plastribution to discuss a sustainable future for plastics

Polymer materials distributor, Plastribution, is set to advise customers on how to develop a sustainable future using plastics in an upcoming webinar.

To be held on October 23, the webinar will address the increasing levels of environmental awarenes that is leading to growing pressure on the plastics industry to respond positively on the long term importance of sustainable polymers development.

“In providing solutions for the future, evaluating the environmental credentials of a ‘sustainable’ material or product is often complicated and sometimes difficult to judge,” explained Mike Boswell, Managing Director of Plastribution.

Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-Esg, Thai Acrylic Partner for Outdoor Yarn Range

European Spinning Group (ESG) has partnered with Thai Acrylic Fibre to develop a new generation of solution dyed acrylic yarns for outdoor applications. This yarn range is marketed under brand name ‘ESG RA Outdoor’ powered by Durashine fibre suitable for various outdoor applications including awnings, outdoor-furniture, carpets and marine exterior etc.

ESG is a leading specialty yarn producer for weaving and knitting fabrics in various markets and applications. Due to focus on innovation, sustainability and creativity and a partnership approach with all key stakeholders, ESG has established itself as a preferred yarn supplier across six continents.

Thai Acrylic is fifth largest producer of Acrylic Fiber globally and part of Aditya Birla Group, Fortune 500 Company.

“We are proud to be associated with ESG for this innovative product range with our Durashine Fibre, which I’m sure will create a strong market connect in coming days not only in Europe but across the globe,” Satyaki Ghosh, CEO Thai Acrylic Fibre, said.

Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-Novamont boosts bioplastics capacity

Italy’s Novamont has increased production at its Mater-Biopolymer plant south of Rome by 25 per cent in order to manufacture more Origo-Bi biopolyesters and components of Mater-Bi compostable bioplastics.

The €70 million ($80m) investment, which could rise to €100m ($115m) within three years, will boost production capacity from 120,000 tonnes a year to 150,000t. The 140,000 sq m site employs 90 staff and applications for the materials include coffee cups and pods, carrier bags, straws and food packaging.

Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-Lenzing launches Veocel Lyocell fibre for wipes20

Lenzing has announced the launch of the new Veocel Lyocell fibre with eco disperse technology which is designed for use in flushable wipes. This new fibre demonstrates enhanced biological disintegration performance. The inclusion of the fibre enables more diverse design opportunities while providing exemplary wet strength and disintegration performance.

Versatile and tailor-made for daily care routines, the new Veocel Lyocell fibre with Lenzing’s eco disperse technology offers optimised flushability and represents the most advanced fibre under the Veocel brand portfolio, Lenzing said in a press release.

Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-The Effect of Temperature on 3D Printed PLA Clay Nanocomposites

In a paper entitled “3D Printing of PLA/clay Nanocomposites: Influence of Printing Temperature on Printed Samples Properties,” a group of researchers investigate the possibility of using a layered silicate-reinforced PLA in 3D printing applications. In particular, they examine the influence of printing temperature in 3D printing clay/PLA nanocomposites.

“For this reason, two PLA grades (4032D and 2003D, D-isomer content 1.5 and 4, respectively) were melt-compounded by a twin screw extruder with a layered silicate (Cloisite 30B) at 4 wt %,” the researchers explain. “Then, PLA and PLA/clay feedstock filaments (diameter 1.75 mm) were produced using a single screw extruder.”

The researchers 3D printed dog-bone-shaped and prismatic specimens using FDM 3D printing at three different temperatures, which were progressively increased from the melting temperature (185–200–215 °C for PLA 4032D and 165–180–195 °C for PLA 2003D). The PLA and PLA/clay specimens were characterized using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and tensile tests.

Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-EDITORIAL: Time for Japan to lose its plastic dependency and save the oceans

Plastic bottles and other waste collected by a cleanup boat in Tokyo Bay (Asahi Shimbun file photo)

The Environment Ministry has worked out a draft proposal to reduce plastic waste focused on recycling and cutting usage of single-use plastic products.

The strategy calls for a 25-percent reduction in the consumption of disposable plastic products, such as supermarket checkout bags and straws, by 2030 while ensuring that 60 percent of plastic packaging will be reused or recycled.

This is the first time the government has set such numerical targets to deal with the pollution scourge. The targets should be achieved through a well-planned, energetic policy drive.

Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-US shale oil production could fall short of its most optimistic projections because of emerging problems in the industry, the chief executive of the world’s largest oilfield services group has warned.

Paal Kibsgaard, CEO of Schlumberger, said that in addition to a shortage of pipeline capacity that was slowing growth in the Permian Basin of Texas and New Mexico, the heart of the US shale boom, there were other problems that could mean some forecasts of future output would have to be revised down.

 Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-Motan Innovation Awards winner announced

The Motan Colortronic Innovation Award was handed in great ceremony to this year’s winner at a glittering event at the Dornier Museum in Friedrichshafen on the occasion of Fakuma 2018.

The shortlist for the Innovation Award included affiliates and employees of Motan Colortronic across the generations: Stefan Endres (Adaptive central vacuum control; Objective: More efficient plant utilisation and higher production security), Peter Haupt (Regulated transport of bulk goods; Objective: To measure speed and optimise promotion processes), Reinhard Herro (GAK system [gravimetric suction box]; Objective: Automation, control and monitoring of suction conveyor systems), Philipp Mählmeyer (system control on a mobile device; Objective: Query status information specifically via QR codes), Bernd Michael (System METRO-Lay; Objective: Efficient creation of routes for material and vacuum lines), and Karl Wolfgang (Repeater; Objective: Material-protection conveying in the vacuum area).

Digitalisation, industry 4.0, the Circular Economy and the skills gap were prevailing themes at Fakuma 2018 and the inspiration behind choosing this year’s winner had to be mindful of all of these trends affecting plastics now and for a long time yet to come.

 Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-Chemists develop method to obtain catalyst-, surfactant- and template-free polymeric nanoparticles

A chemist from RUDN proposes a simple technology for producing polymeric nanoparticles from only two organic substances. By changing the temperature of the reaction and the ratio of initial substances, the scientists can obtain particles of any given size. The new method was described in Macromolecules.

To create nanoparticles of identical size and shape, laboratories all over the world have been using the synthesis of benzonaxine group polymers from different monomers. Usually, polymerization and formation of homogeneous nanoparticles require special templates, catalysts and additions. Rafael Luque, a visiting scholar at RUDN, together with his colleagues from China and Pakistan, suggested a simple method for obtaining nanoparticles.

 Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-Open Letter on the Benefits of Plastics

We live in the plastic age and various excellent impacts on our life and planet continue to come from plastics.

‘Plastics’ covers a remarkable set of families of materials which we in the Polymer IRC research laboratories at the University of Bradford are helping to develop further.

Typically we use the manufacturing process to develop improved properties in plastics so achieving a ‘double whammy’ of making precision items and enhancing their properties at the same time. This has opened up new markets worldwide.

Some examples are products made by exploiting in a controlled way orientation of the molecules which make up solid plastics.

 Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-Can Graphene Be Mass Manufactured?

Since the isolation of graphene in 2004, the high mobility and unique transport properties of 2-dimensional semiconductors have tantalized physicists and materials scientists. Their in-plane carrier transport and lack of dangling bonds potentially can minimize line/edge scattering and other effects of extreme scaling.Graphene Mass Manufactured nano sheet stacks

While 2-D materials cannot compete with silicon at current device dimensions, their performance may degrade less quickly as feature sizes shrink. According to Iuliana Radu, distingished member of the technical staff at Imec, 2-D semiconductors may be the only alternative for sub-15 nm devices.

 Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-US Government Promotes Foam Made From Lignin

Carbon foam — a stiff, porous structure formed from a web of carbon atoms — is the stuff of manufacturers’ dreams. The breakthrough material is strong but lightweight, non-flammable and able to maintain its performance at high temperatures, and capable of absorbing sound and radiation. This unique combination of traits means carbon foam is brimming with potential applications across military, aerospace, and commercial industries. It is ideal for aircraft and ship insulation, wall panels, stealth technology (to avoid radar detection) and more.

However, developing this extraordinary technology is not without challenges. It can be difficult for manufacturers to produce a strong, lightweight, environmentally-friendly carbon foam while keeping costs low.

 Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-Huvis Indorama Advanced Materials Launching Operations In Spartanburg

Huvis Indorama Advanced Materials, a 50-50 joint venture between Indorama Ventures Public Company Limited and South Korea-based Huvis Corporation, is launching new manufacturing operations at Auriga Polymers, Inc.’s campus in Spartanburg County. The $48 million investment is projected to create 50 new jobs.

 Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-Showcases Portfolio of Silicone Masterbatches at Fakuma

Dow Performance Silicones, a global business unit of DowDuPont Specialties Products division, is exhibiting at Fakuma 2018 at Nexeo Solutions’ stand (#A3-3217), its broad portfolio of silicone-based masterbatches for polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), polyamide (PA) and polycarbonate/acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (PC/ABS) resins and compounds.

These industry-leading solutions have been engineered to enhance processing, extend properties and reinforce materials to address the latest trends in a range of industry applications, including flexible food and non-food packaging, automotive interior and under-hood components, wire & cable insulation and jacketing, and appliance gears and other high-wear parts.

Dow Performance Silicones continues to expand its portfolio with new, differentiated solutions, such as its new DOW CORNING™ MB25-235 Masterbatch for form-fill-seal (FFS) packaging production, being launched today at Fakuma.

 Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-Solvay announces Kärcher is using Technyl 4earth premium recycled polyamide for its environmental solution

Solvay Performance Polyamides has announced that manufacturer of cleaning technology Kärcher is using Technyl 4earth high-quality environmental solution.

The recycled polyamide is now the material of choice for moulding spray lances of Kärcher’s high-pressure cleaners.

Technyl 4earth is a range of PA6.6 engineering plastics born out of the Move4earth project supported by the European Commission (LIFE+ program).

A patented process transforms stable sources of technical fabrics, such as automotive airbag cushions, into prime quality polyamide.

 Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-Dow Silvadur Finish Gets Certification

Dow Microbial Control, a global business unit of DowDuPont Specialty Products Division, has announced its patented anti-microbial technology for textiles and apparel called Dow Silvadur Antimicrobials has been certified by the Bluesign system.

The Collegeville, Pennsylvania-based company says this is an important indication to manufacturers of the technology’s safety.

Silvadur is a fabric finish that can be used on ticking. It is applied either through padding, exhaustion or spray methods.

Managed by St. Gallen, Switzerland-based Bluesign Technologies AG, the Bluesign system is a solution for a sustainable textile production.

According to its website, the system “eliminates harmful substances right from the beginning of the manufacturing process and sets and controls standards for an environmentally friendly and safe production.”

 Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-Milacron launches new advanced thinwall Packaging Hot Runner System at Fakuma 2018

At Fakuma 2018, Milacron’s Mold-Masters product brand has launched a new advanced thinwall packaging hot runner system – ThinPAK, and is exhibiting new hot runner technologies.

The Mold-Masters ThinPAK-Series hot runner has been specifically engineered for producing exceptionally high-quality thin wall packaging products. ThinPAK-Series has the strength and durability to mold with complete reliability even in high pressure applications up to 2,800 bar.

 Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

-Can carbon fiber car panels double as energy storage materials?

Carbon fiber as we know it is one of the most impressive materials in our toolkit. Its incredible lightness and strength has seen it take hold in everything from competitive cycling, to supercar design to cutting edge aircraft.

But could it also play a role in energy storage? One team of scientists has been exploring the possibilities, and say that carefully engineered forms of the material do indeed boast the necessary electrochemical properties, raising some interesting possibilities for weight-saving vehicle design.

 Plastic Petrochemicals recycling Textile

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Polymers Polyester Yarn PET Petrochemicals Prices

Polymers Polyester Yarn PET Petrochemicals Prices 

        Polyestertime

ITEM15/10/201822/10/2018+/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market

 

9,900 yuan/ton9,550 yuan/ton-350
Bottle grade PET chips export market

 

1,280 $/ton1,250 $/ton-30
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market

 

9,825 yuan/ton9,500 yuan/ton-325
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market

 

9,775 yuan/ton9,500 yuan/ton-275
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market

 

7,790 yuan/ton7,150 yuan/ton-640
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market

 

 1,035 $/ton 970 $/ton-65
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market

 

7,290 yuan/ton7,230 yuan/ton-60
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market

 

875 $/ton860 $/ton-15
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market

 

1,295 $/ton 1,238 $/ton-57
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market

 

11,225 yuan/ton10,750 yuan/ton-475
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market10,050 yuan/ton9,750 yuan/ton-300
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market

 

 12,750 yuan/ton 12,400 yuan/ton-350
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F domestic market

 

12,350 yuan/ton12,050 yuan/ton-300
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market

 

11,325 yuan/ton10,950 yuan/ton-375
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market

 

10,630 yuan/ton10,500 yuan/ton-130
Caprolactam CPL domestic market

 

17,600 yuan/ton16,500 yuan/ton-1,100
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market

 

2,200 $/ton2,200 $/ton 
Nylon6 chips overseas  market

 

2,510 $/ton2,510 $/ton 
Nylon6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market

 

18,300 yuan/ton17,400 yuan/ton-900
Nylon6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market

 

19,300 yuan/ton18,800 yuan/ton-500
Nylon66 chips domestic  market

 

38,800 yuan/ton37,800 yuan/ton-1,000
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market

 

22,350 yuan/ton22,200 yuan/ton-150
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market

 

25,200 yuan/ton24,900 yuan/ton-300
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  domestic  market

 

24,100 yuan/ton23,900 yuan/ton-200
Spandex 40D  domestic  market

 

34,200 yuan/ton34,200 yuan/ton 
Adipic Acid domestic market

 

10,600 yuan/ton10,400 yuan/ton-200
Benzene domestic market

 

6,950 yuan/ton6,800 yuan/ton-150
Benzene overseas  market

 

829 $/ton805 $/ton-24
Ethylene South East market

 

1,020 $/ton1,000 $/ton-20
Ethylene NWE  market

 

1,106 $/ton1,002 $/ton-104
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market

 

18,600 yuan/ton17,900 yuan/ton-700
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market

 

2,230 $/ton2,100 $/ton-130
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market

 

20,800 yuan/ton20,800 yuan/ton 
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market

 

15,200 yuan/ton15,180 yuan/ton-20
PP Powder domestic market

 

11,000 yuan/ton10,800 yuan/ton-200
Naphtha overseas market         

 

688 $/ton670 $/ton-18
Phenol domestic market 12,025 yuan/ton

 

12,175 yuan/ton

 

+150
PS Taiwan 5250 GPPS1,485 $/ton

 

1,465 $/ton

 

-20
PS Taiwan 8250 HIPS 1,580 $/ton

 

 1,560 $/ton

 

-20
LDPE CFR Far East

 

1,120 $/ton1,120 $/ton 
LLDPE CFR Far East

 

1,114 $/ton1,102 $/ton-12
LDPE   FOB Middle East

 

1,100 $/ton1,100 $/ton 
LLDPE FOB Middle East

 

1,090 $/ton1,080 $/ton-10
HDPE CFR Far East

 

 1,260 $/ton 1,250 $/ton-10
Homopolymer PP CFR Far East

 

 1,253 $/ton 1,253 $/ton 
Homopolymer PP FD NWE

 

 1,261 €/ton 1,261 €/ton 

Polymers Polyester Yarn PET Petrochemicals Prices Polymers Polyester Yarn PET Petrochemicals Prices Polymers Polyester Yarn PET Petrochemicals Prices Polymers Polyester Yarn PET Petrochemicals Prices 

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