Polyestertime

Paraxylene manufacturers Asia prices 

Major paraxylene manufacturers in Asia nominated February contract prices  Paraxylene manufacturers Asia prices 

MOSCOW- Three major paraxylene producers in the Asian region – South Korean S-Oil, Japanese Idemitsu Kosan and American ExxonMobil – voiced their contract prices for February deliveries of paraxylene in the range of USD1 150-1 160 per ton, sources told ICIS on Wednesday of the market. Paraxylene manufacturers Asia prices

In particular, S-Oil nominated its February contract price for the material at the level of USD1,150 per tonne, CFR Asia.

And ExxonMobil and Idemitsu Kosan announced their paraxylene contract price for February at USD1,160 per ton, CFR Asia.

Earlier, two other major material manufacturers in Asia – Japanese JXTG Nippon Oil & Energy and South Korean SK Global Chemical – announced their contract prices at USD1 150-1 180 per ton, CFR Asia.

Para-xylene is one of the main raw materials for the production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET).

According to the ICIS-MRC price review , the spot prices of Russian PET producers at the end of January remain in the range of 99,000-104,000 rubles.  per ton, CPT Moscow, including VAT.

mrcplast.ru

Author:   Margarita Volkova

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Composting Ingeo Works Packaging

How Composting Ingeo Works

Composting

From coffee capsules to nacho trays, Ingeo-based packaging and serviceware contaminated with food waste can be diverted from landfills into industrial composting or organics recycling. For the right products in the right localities, it’s an innovative way to take a step in the right direction.

Some end products made with 100% Ingeo, depending on the application, will compost in municipal/industrial facilities according to ISO, ASTM, and EN regulations, and Ingeo resin is certified appropriately. All final products made from Ingeo must undergo their own compostability testing. The number of industrial composting facilities is currently limited and may not be available near you. However, the development of such facilities is growing internationally.

How Composting Ingeo Works

Ingeo biopolymer is made primarily of polylactic acid (PLA), a repeating chain of lactic acid, which undergoes a 2-step degradation process.

1. DISINTEGRATION: The moisture and heat in the compost pile split the polymer chains apart, creating smaller polymers, and finally, lactic acid.

2. BIODEGRATION: Microorganisms in compost and soil consume the smaller polymer fragments and lactic acid as nutrients. Since lactic acid is widely found in nature, a large number of organisms metabolize lactic acid.

The end result of composting is carbon dioxide, water and humus, a soil nutrient. This degradation process is temperature and humidity dependent.

Composting Ingeo Works Packaging

Certifications

Composting Ingeo Works Packaging

Regulatory guidelines and standards for composting revolve around four basic criteria: Material Characteristics, Biodegradation, Disintegration, and Ecotoxicity (Compost Quality). Description of the requirements of these testing can be found in the appropriate geographical area: DIN V 54900-1 (Germany), EN-13432 (EU), ASTM 6400-04 (USA), GreenPla (Japan).

Composting Ingeo Works Packaging

Europe

All required testing data for Ingeo biopolymer was presented to DIN CERTCO for certification of suitability as a compostable material for packaging purposes in Europe. Ingeo passed all required testing according to EN-13432 and received registration from DIN CERTCO. For more information on compostability and specific Ingeo grades, see our Regulatory Affairs information.

Composting Ingeo Works Packaging

Japan

All required testing data for Ingeo biopolymer was presented to the Japan BioPlastics Association (JBPA) for certification according to the GreenPla certification requirements. We received listing on JBPA’s positive list for compostable materials. This list can be viewed at on JBPA’s site in positive list, class A-resins (A40101-A40104).

Composting Ingeo Works Packaging

United States of America

All required testing data for Ingeo biopolymer was presented to the Biodegradable Products Institute (BPI) for certification according to ASTM 6400 Standard Specification for Labeling of Plastics Designed to be Aerobically Composted in Municipal or Industrial Facilities. Ingeo passed all required testing according to ASTM D6400 and received certification from BPI. For more information on compostability and specific Ingeo grades, see our Regulatory Affairs information.

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Enzymatic polymerization furan polyester

Green alternative to PET could be even greener

Enzymatic polymerization for furan-based polyester

UNIVERSITY OF GRONINGEN

Enzymatic polymerization furan polyester
IMAGE: THIS IS PROFESSOR OF POLYMER CHEMISTRY KATJA LOOS. view more 

CREDIT: UNIVERSITY OF GRONINGEN

One of the most successful plastics is polyethylene terephthalate (PET), the material we use to make bottles and fibers for clothing.

However, PET is made from petroleum-based building blocks. An alternative to PET can be made from bio-based furan molecules, but to polymerize these furans you need toxic catalysts and high temperatures.

Now, polymer chemists from the University of Groningen, led by Prof. Katja Loos, have described an enzyme-based polymerization method. Their results were published in the journal ChemSusChemon 29 January. Enzymatic polymerization furan polyester

PET is used to make fizzy drink bottles because it has excellent barrier properties, which keeps the fizz inside.

‘But furan-based polymers are a good alternative’, says Katja Loos. Furans, which are characterized by an aromatic ring with four carbon atoms and one oxygen atom, can be made from biomass-derived sugars, and polymerized into polyethylene 2,5-furandicarboxylate (PEF). Other copolyesters can be created from furans as well, resulting in plastics with different properties.

Enzymes

‘Furans are mainly produced with enzymes.

But for the polymerization, the same processes are used as have been used for PET production for the last 70 years’, says Loos. Toxic metal-based catalysts and high temperatures that are needed for this process mean that it is not very environmentally friendly.

That is why Loos and her colleagues looked for an alternative polymerization method, one that uses enzymes. ‘We eventually found a commercially available enzyme that would do this’, says Loos.

The polymers are made by combining furans with linear monomers, either aliphatic diols or diacidic ethyl esters.

The enzyme Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB) is a lipase that breaks down ester bonds, but the polymerization requires the creation of these bonds.

This may seem counter-intuitive, but it is not, explains Loos: ‘Enzymes catalyze equilibrium reactions, and we simply pushed the equilibrium towards the formation of ester bonds.’

Surprising

In their paper, the scientists describe how CALB and a number of furans and linear monomers are used to form different copolyesters.

They succeeded in increasing the content of aromatic units in the polyester to a point that exceeds the properties of PET. The enzymatic polymerization, therefore, appears to be a viable alternative to the current catalytic polymerization.

‘In our experiments, we used ether as a solvent, which you don’t want in a factory setting. But as the melting point of furans is quite low, we are confident that enzymatic polymerization will work in liquid monomers as well’, says Loos.

As the CALB enzyme is commercially available, it is surprising that no one had used it before to avoid the process of toxic catalysts and high temperatures.

The only explanation that Loos can offer is that most polyester production lines are geared to using these classical reactions, rather than the enzymatic alternative.

And changing a production line is expensive. ‘However, our enzymatic polymerization process would be ideal for new companies working on green alternatives to PET.’

###

Reference: Dina Maniar, Yi Jiang, Albert J.J. Woortman, Jur van Dijken, and Katja Loos: Furan-Based Copolyesters from Renewable Resources: Enzymatic Synthesis and Properties. ChemSusChem 29 January 2019.

Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.

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Polymers Petrochemicals Recycling Compostable 31-01-2019

China – Polyethylene Terephthalate

PET and its chain inch up,but

continues the slowdown in trade , due

to the upcoming Chinese New Year

holidays Feb. 4-10.

PET Bottle grade export 1,050/1,085 $/ton – PET Bottle grade domestic market 8,350/8,450 yuan/ton – PET Filament grade SD domestic market 7,800/7,950 yuan/ton – PET Filament grade BR domestic market 7,800/7,900 yuan/ton

PTA Taiwan 820/830 $/ton – PTA domestic market 6,500/6,600 yuan/ton – MEG $ 625/635 $/ton – MEG domestic market 5,050/5,200 yuan/ton – PX Korea 1,045/1,060  $/ton

POY 150D/48F  domestic market 8,500/8,600  yuan/ton – DTY 150D/48F  domestic market 10,350/10,450  yuan/ton – PSF domestic market 8,900/9,000  yuan/ton

Polymers Petrochemicals Recycling Compostable

Three major paraxylene producers in the Asian region – South Korean S-Oil, Japanese Idemitsu Kosan and American ExxonMobil – voiced their contract prices for February deliveries of paraxylene in the range of USD1 150-1 160 per ton, sources told ICIS on Wednesday of the market. Paraxylene manufacturers Asia prices

In particular, S-Oil nominated its February contract price for the material at the level of USD1,150 per tonne, CFR Asia.

Polymers Petrochemicals Recycling Compostable

  • Crude Oil Prices Trend

Polymers Petrochemicals Recycling Compostable

 

Composting

From coffee capsules to nacho trays, Ingeo-based packaging and serviceware contaminated with food waste can be diverted from landfills into industrial composting or organics recycling. For the right products in the right localities, it’s an innovative way to take a step in the right direction.

Some end products made with 100% Ingeo, depending on the application, will compost in municipal/industrial facilities according to ISO, ASTM, and EN regulations, and Ingeo resin is certified appropriately. All final products made from Ingeo must undergo their own compostability testing.

Polymers Petrochemicals Recycling Compostable

Green alternative to PET could be even greener

One of the most successful plastics is polyethylene terephthalate (PET), the material we use to make bottles and fibers for clothing.

However, PET is made from petroleum-based building blocks. An alternative to PET can be made from bio-based furan molecules, but to polymerize these furans you need toxic catalysts and high temperatures.

Now, polymer chemists from the University of Groningen, led by Prof. Katja Loos, have described an enzyme-based polymerization method. Their results were published in the journal ChemSusChemon 29 January.

Polymers Petrochemicals Recycling Compostable

An Irish deposit and return scheme (DRS) for plastic bottles could be introduced as part of government plans to ensure most single-use bottles are collected.

Targeting a 90-per-cent collection rate for single-use plastic bottles in Ireland, environment minister Richard Bruton has set up a major review commission.

Plastic waste causes chronic pollution on land and sea and contributes to climate change as it breaks down.

Bruton told the media he was committed to increasing overall plastic recycling rates to 55 per cent by 2030.

Dublin is committing to a collection rate for plastic bottles of 90 per cent by 2029.

Polymers Petrochemicals Recycling Compostable

Novozymes has entered into a partnership with French Carbios and its subsidiary Carbiolice, which aim to launch degradable bioplastics with limited lifespan for the packaging industry by 2020.

Under the terms the agreement, Novozymes, the world’s largest enzyme supplier, will upscale and produce Carbios’ patented plastics-degrading enzymes. Novozymes also agreed to become the long-term exclusive supplier for those plastics-degrading enzymes to Carbiolice.

Carbiolice is a joint venture formed in September 2016 by Carbios, Limagrain Céréales Ingrédients and Bpifrance in order to produce and licence a new generation of biosourced and biodegradable single-use plastics with in-built enzyme pellets that limit the plastics’ lifespan. Full biodegradability of single-use plastics such as poly-lactic acid (PLA) and poly-ethylene (PE) has been achieved by embedding enzymes into plastic materials during production, thus enabling them to fully biodegrade with a controlled life span.

Polymers Petrochemicals Recycling Compostable

Turkish Airlines launched the first direct flight from Ankara to Rome after 60 years on Jan. 7. The new route seals the strong relations between Turkey and Italy. Indeed, with its 131 flights a week to 10 Italian cities, Turkish Airlines is the main carrier for Italian tourism. The mutual connections are long-standing: Over the centuries, Italy and Turkey have built important ties and nowadays, they share economic connections. The industrial Italian presence in Turkey dates back to the ’60s when the first joint venture – Tofaş – was established by Turkey’s Koç Holding and Italy’s Fiat group. Today, the companies with Italian participation in Turkey number more than a thousand. Some examples include: In the automotive sector with Fiat-Tofaş, Fiat-Türk Traktor; in banking with Yapı Kredı and Unicredit; infrastructure with Astaldi; defense with Leonardo; agribusiness with Barilla and Ferrero along with other sectors such as textiles, chemical and services.

Polymers Petrochemicals Recycling Compostable

THE planning proposal for a new water bottling plant near Penrith (Herald, 29th December) is of great concern to local environmental group Penrith Action for Community Transition (Pact) in that it raises several issues including fundamental questions about the future sustainability of local industry.

If the intention is to bottle 25 million litres of water in single-use plastic bottles, this would be completely out of step with the national move away from plastic packaging, particularly after the BBC’s Blue Planet series brought widespread attention to the extensive damage being done to our oceans.

In response, many supermarkets have announced plans to reduce use of plastic in mainstream retail. However, given that over several generations we’ve all become accustomed to the convenience of single-use plastic, it’s apparent that the necessary changes to unpick complex production and supply infrastructure all take time to implement.

Polymers Petrochemicals Recycling Compostable

The two polyester feedstocks – purified terephthalic acid (PTA) and monoethylene glycol (MEG) – in the world’s most important polyester market China, have recently moved towards a total paper business.

The MEG futures market was officially launched on 10 December at the Dalian Commodity Exchange (DCE), while the decade-old PTA futures market at the Zhengzhou Commodity Exchange (ZCE) moved to welcome non-Chinese participants on November 30.

Wood Mackenzie’s Chemicals principal consultant Salmon Lee has monitored the Asian polyester chain since joining PCI Xylenes and Polyester China Limited in 2009 following almost a decade as a reporter on the PTA and MEG markets, before that he was a diplomat in the service of the Singapore Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Here he shares his thoughts on how the advancement of these Chinese futures could impact the global polyester industry.

Polymers Petrochemicals Recycling Compostable

Potentially price competitive with petroleum-based isoprene, made with 100% renewable carbon

Gevo, Inc. , a leading renewable fuels and chemicals manufacturer, announced today that it has developed a proprietary, breakthrough catalytic process that transforms low-cost commercially available, or even waste by-product, renewable alcohols into renewable isoprene that would be expected to compete head-to-head on price with natural and petroleum-based chemical equivalents while reducing CO2 emissions.

Isoprene is predominantly used in the production of synthetic-based rubber.  The market for isoprene is estimated to be approximately $4 Billion USD by 2025, growing at a compound annual growth rate of 7% or greater driven by growth in the automotive sector.

Gevo recently developed a chemical-based catalytic process to convert low-value “fusel oils,” a mixture of alcohols that are byproducts from fermentation processes such as ethanol production, into renewable isoprene.  Fusel oils from the ethanol industry alone equate to about 2.5 million tons of potential bio-based waste feedstock.

Polymers Petrochemicals Recycling Compostable

Petrochemical trades in Asia have slackened in the weeks leading to the Lunar New Year holiday as manufacturing in the key China market slows down, with a number of downstream facilities coming off stream.

Amid a general demand weakness in China, some domestic factories could take time to resume production post-holiday, market sources said.

The Lunar New Year, which falls on 5 February 2019, is celebrated in most parts of southeast and northeast Asia with the holiday period ranging from two days to a full week.

China, which is the world’s second biggest economy and a major importer of petrochemicals in Asia, will be on holiday on 4-10 February for the Lunar New Year and Spring Festival.

In some markets, pre-holiday re-stocking has nudged up prices, including those of ethylene, polypropylene (PP), and styrene-acrylonitrile (SAN); while in others, sellers were keen to offload cargoes before the holidays, exerting downward pressure on markets like methyl ethyl ketone (MEK).

Polymers Petrochemicals Recycling Compostable

The four-day workweek inevitably softened the spot resin markets, but overall volumes have been healthy in January, notes the PlasticsExchange (Chicago) in its Market Update. In fact, it’s lining up to be the best month of the year!

Polyethylene (PE) contracts shed $0.06/lb in Q4 of 2018, and producers’ attempt to recoup it all this month fell short or, from a processor perspective, produced a welcomed contract rollover.

Polypropylene (PP) contracts shed $0.02/lb to start the year, but it’s the same deuce that should have been relieved in December, as that $0.08/lb decrease was deemed a tad light. Still, the three-month $0.20/lb decline in PP contracts has brought processors substantial price relief, writes the PlasticsExchange. Exports are roaring, Houston warehouses are jammed full and as winter storms and record cold threaten to grip much of the United States, buyers are advised to plan resin needs accordingly, as logistics delays are expected.

Polymers Petrochemicals Recycling Compostable

Thermolite EcoMade technology delivers lightweight warmth to keep the wearer comfortable longer. © Invista

Thermolite EcoMade technology delivers lightweight warmth to keep the wearer comfortable longer. © Invista

Invista Apparel and Advanced Textiles will exhibit new products featuring the company’s EcoMade Technology at the upcoming ISPO, the world’s largest multi-segment trade fair focused on sports, which takes place from 3-6 February 2019, in Munich, Germany.

Coolmax EcoMade fibre and Thermolite EcoMade fibre and insulation are made from certified amounts of recycled resources such as plastic bottles and are designed to offer the active/outdoor apparel industry a more sustainable alternative to virgin fibres. EcoMade technology is a key part of the company’s all-encompassing sustainability vision, in which product sustainability is a critical component.

Polymers Petrochemicals Recycling Compostable

ECHA has submitted a restriction proposal for microplastic particles that are intentionally added to mixtures used by consumers or professionals. If adopted, the restriction could reduce the amount of microplastics released to the environment in the EU by about 400 thousand tonnes over 20 years.

Helsinki, 30 January 2019 – ECHA has assessed the health and environmental risks posed by intentionally added microplastics and has concluded that an EU-wide restriction would be justified. If adopted, the restriction could result in a reduction in emissions of microplastics of about 400 thousand tonnes over 20 years.

ECHA’s assessment found that intentionally added microplastics are most likely to accumulate in terrestrial environments, as the particles concentrate in sewage sludge that is frequently applied as fertiliser. A much smaller proportion of these microplastics is released directly to the aquatic environment.

Polymers Petrochemicals Recycling Compostable

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