PET Resin – Bioplastics as toxic as regular plastics; both need regulation, say researchers 03-06-2024

PET Resin

PET Resin

  • Polymers : PET – r-PET – Filament grade semidull chips -Filament grade bright chips – Ny6 – Ny66 – PP
  • Feedstocks  PX – PTA – MEG – CPL – Adipic Acid – Benzene – ACN – Ethylene – Phenol – Naphtha
  • Textile : Polyester POY – DTY – FDY – PSF – Recycled Polyester POY – Nylon POY – DTY – FDY Spandex 20-30-40 -Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  Acrylic Staple Fiber 

PET Resin

PET Resin

Polyestertime
ITEM 27/05/2024 03/06/2024 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 7,070 yuan/ton 7,050 yuan/ton -20
Bottle grade PET chips export market 900 $/ton 900 $/ton +5
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 6,870 yuan/ton 6,890 yuan/ton +20
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 6,900 yuan/ton 6,920 yuan/ton +20
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market

PET Resin

5,960 yuan/ton 5,940 yuan/ton
-20
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 740 $/ton 735 $/ton -5
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 4,515 yuan/ton 4,560 yuan/ton
+45
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 530 $/ton 535 $/ton +5
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market 1,040 $/ton 1,047 $/ton
+7
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 1,018 $/ton 1,025 $/ton +7
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,125 $/7on 1,125 $/ton
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 7,600  yuan/ton 7,725 yuan/ton
+125
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,350 yuan/ton 7,400 yuan/ton +50
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 9,050 yuan/ton 9,075 yuan/ton +25
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F 8,800 yuan/ton 8,900 yuan/ton +100
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market

PET Resin

8,175 yuan/ton 8,200 yuan/ton +25
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,450 yuan/ton 7,400 yuan/ton -50
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 13,550 yuan/ton 13,600 yuan/ton
+50
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,620 $/ton 1,650 $/ton +30
Nylon 6 chips overseas  market 1,890 $/ton 1,920 $/ton +30
Nylon 6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 14,700 yuan/ton 14,750  yuan/ton +50
Nylon 6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market 15,300 yuan/ton 15,600 yuan/ton +300
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market

PET Resin

20,800 yuan/ton 20,400 yuan/ton -400
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 17,200 yuan/ton 17,400 yuan/ton +200
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 19,550 yuan/ton 19,850 yuan/ton +300
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  18,300 yuan/ton 18,350 yuan/ton +50
Spandex 20D  domestic  marke 32,500 yuan/ton 32,500 yuan/ton
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 31,000 yuan/ton 31,000 yuan/ton
Spandex 40D  domestic  market  28,000 yuan/ton 28,000 yuan/ton
Adipic Acid domestic market

PET Resin

9,650 yuan/ton 10,000 yuan/ton +350
Benzene domestic market9, 9,090 yuan/ton 9,370 yuan/ton +280
Benzene overseas  market 1,057 $/ton 1,093 $/ton +36
Ethylene South East market 955 $/ton 950 $/ton -5
Ethylene NWE market CIF 766 $/ton 768 $/ton +2
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market 10,400 yuan/ton 10,000 yuan/ton -400
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market 1,200 $/ton 1,200 $/ton
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market

PET Resin

14,600 yuan/ton 14,600 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 12,950 yuan/ton 13,100 yuan/ton +150
PP Powder domestic market 7,330 yuan/ton 7,350 yuan/ton +20
Naphtha overseas market  666 $/ton 677 $/ton +11
Phenol domestic market 7,707 yuan/ton 7,857 yuan/ton +150

r-PET high end eco-friendly chips =8,250 yuan/ton 8,250 yuan/ton   –

PET Resin

Bioplastics as toxic as regular plastics; both need regulation, say researchers

  • Emerging research shows that plant-based plastics — just like petroleum-based plastics — contain many thousands of synthetic chemicals, with large numbers of them extremely toxic. However, the bioplastics industry strongly denies that bio-based plastics contain hazardous substances.
  • Scientists are finding that while plant sources for bioplastics, such as corn or cane sugar, may not themselves be toxic or have adverse health impacts, the chemical processes to manufacture bioplastics and the many performance additives needed to give them their attributes (hardness, flexibility, color, etc.) can be quite toxic. PET Resin
  • Those doing the research no longer see bioplastics as a solution to the global plastic pollution crisis and would like to see them regulated. However, a very large number of petroleum-based plastics and the chemicals they contain also lack tough government oversight.
  • This week, representatives from the world’s nations gather for a fourth session to hammer out an international treaty to curb the global plastic pollution crisis. The High Ambition Coalition (including 65 countries) hopes to achieve a binding global ban on the worst toxins in plastics. But the U.S., China and other nations are resisting. PET Resin

Almost 25 years after their hopeful debut, bioplastics contribute only about 1% of the global plastics market share, mainly for food packaging. But that may soon change.

The Biden administration announced an initiative in 2023 to “spur a circular economy” with the goal of replacing 90% of petrochemical-sourced plastics with bio-based materials over the next 20 years. With looming European mandates also aimed at addressing the plastic pollution crisis, analysts expect the bioplastics market to grow to 5 million metric tons by 2025.

At first glance this sounds like a good thing, but is it?

Motivated by the aggressive marketing of bioplastics as a solution to the plastic crisis, scientists are now peering inside these material innovations, and those doing the research don’t like what they see. PET Resin

“Most people don’t know about toxins in plastics, period. And even people that do work with plastics don’t know about toxins in bioplastics,” says Bethanie Almroth, a professor of ecotoxicology and environmental science at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, who has studied bioplastics.

These plant-based materials can be just as toxic as petroleum-based ones, she says. That’s not necessarily due to the plant world sourcing of base materials, but because of the chemical processes needed to make bioplastics and the additives required to achieve the many desirable qualities demanded of them (durability, flexibility, color, etc.).

In a 2020 study, researchers purchased bio-based plastic products such as food wrappers, food storage bags, reusable coffee cups, tea bags, disposable cutlery and coffee capsules. They also obtained raw materials (bio-based plastic pellets) at a plastics trade fair.

In the multipart study, the scientists first analyzed the pellet samples and found a complex mixture of thousands of chemicals, most of them unidentifiable. Next, the researchers exposed bacteria to extracts of the bioplastics; they found that the majority had multiple toxic effects. PET Resin

And it didn’t seem to matter what type of bioplastic material was sampled when it came to toxicity: Bio-PET, polybutylene adipate terephthalate (PBAT), polybutylene succinate (PBS), polylactic acid (PLA) and polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) all contained similar numbers of chemicals with similar toxic effects. The biggest difference was that the consumer products tended to be more toxic than the pellets.

For a 2023 study published in Environmental Pollution, Almroth and her team placed plastic and paper cups lined with the bioplastic PLA in sediment and freshwater for up to four weeks. Then they added the contaminated water to a tank with mosquito larvae. The larvae exposed to the leachate from PLA-lined cups saw just as much mortality, inhibited growth and deformities as those exposed to petrochemical-based polystyrene and polypropylene. PET Resin

These results don’t bode well for people drinking and eating out of bioplastic foodware, though toxicity effects on humans were not evaluated in the study, and more research needs to be done to back up the findings of these two early studies.

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Bioplastics as toxic as regular plastics; both need regulation, say researchers

Chemical Recycling – Plastics Recycling Faces Change And Innovation 03-06-2024

Chemical Recycling

PET Resin – Bioplastics as toxic as regular plastics; both need regulation, say researchers 

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Chemical Recycling

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Europeans throw away 7 million tonnes of clothes a year: Czechia is making recycling compulsory

EU countries generated an estimated 6.95 million tonnes of textile waste in 2020 or around 16kg annually per person.

We’ve all seen the mountains of old clothes that end up as giant landfill sites in low income countries. Now, Czechia is leading Europe in tackling rather than contributing to the problem. Chemical Recycling

Around 180,000 tonnes of textiles are discarded in Czechia each year with just 3 to 4 per cent making its way into mixed waste bins. 39,000 tonnes are sorted for recycling whereas non-recyclable contaminated in mixed bins amounts to 75,000 tonnes.

The country has a plan, however, to revamp its current waste management practices. In December last year the Ministry of the Environment announced plans to enforce compulsory textile waste collection from 2025. At the moment, separate textile waste collection isn’t mandatory meaning a lot of discarded clothes which could be reused or recycled end up in landfill. Chemical Recycling

It aims to align the country with the European directive on waste management, according to Minister Petr Hladík. He emphasised that the goal is to ensure more textiles are recycled and increase the efficiency of recycling efforts.

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Chemical Recycling

French companies develop PET bottle made from enzymatic recycling

L’Occitane en Provence, Carbios and Pinard Beauty Pack partnered to create a 100 percent biorecycled transparent bottle.

Carbios, a France-based company that uses biological technologies to recycle plastic and textiles, and international cosmetics brand L’Occitane en Provence, also based in France, have partnered to develop a transparent polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottle made entirely from enzymatic recycling for a shower oil from the Amande range.

In collaboration with converter Pinard Beauty Pack, the companies say the bottle exemplifies a shared desire to build an efficient European recycling sector to accelerate the transition to a circular economy for plastic and meet brands’ commitments for more sustainable packaging solutions. Chemical Recycling

The bottle will be on display at Carbios’ Stand D02 at “Edition Spéciale” by LuxePack, the trade show dedicated to sustainable premium packaging, taking place June 4-5 at the Carreau du Temple in Paris.

According to Carbios, the PET bottle was made via its enzymatic depolymerization process and with a European value chain committed to responsible consumption of sustainable materials. The bottle’s production began with the local supply of PET scrap that had already been collected, sorted and prepared and was sent to Carbios’ industrial demonstrator in Clermont-Ferrand, France. The material consisted of colored bottles, multilayer trays and mechanical recycling residues. Chemical Recycling

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Chemical Recycling

SK Chemicals’ Breakthrough Circular Recycling Technology Gains Recognition in Europe

SK Chemicals’ groundbreaking circular recycling technology has gained significant recognition in Europe. The company, led by CEO Ahn Jae-hyun, presented at the Plastic Industry & Environment Congress 2024 in Douai, France, from May 22-23.

Organized by the French Society of Plastics Engineers (SFIP), this annual congress gathers plastic material producers, manufacturers, recycling companies, and brand owners to discuss circular economy solutions. Leading chemical companies like EASTMAN, SABIC, and SK Chemicals showcased their technologies.  Chemical Recycling

Although SK Chemicals established its European subsidiary in 2008, this was its first official presentation at a plastic association event, highlighting its recent focus on the recycling business amid growing EU regulatory interest.

On the first day, SK Chemicals, alongside European client Albis, showcased its superior circular recycling technology. Unlike physical recycling, which degrades quality, SK Chemicals’ chemical recycling breaks down plastic at the molecular level, allowing infinite reuse without quality loss. Chemical Recycling

In March, SK Chemicals acquired chemical recycling assets from Chinese green materials specialist Shuye for approximately 130 billion won, forming SK Shantou. This acquisition included the world’s first commercialized polyester chemical recycling facilities.

SK Chemicals' Breakthrough Circular Recycling Technology Gains Recognition in Europe

New microreactors and flow loops improve asphaltene management

Asphaltenes are an ultra-complex fraction of crude petroleum that comprise a diverse population of molecules that vary in size, solubilities, aggregation states and hetero-atom contents. Asphaltene buildup and deposits create many operational and safety issues, and can occur anywhere in crude-oil production systems where favorable conditions exist. Despite their prevalence in the oil-and-gas industry, much is still misunderstood about asphaltene chemistry and control. Chemical Recycling

A new research initiative launched by ChampionX (The Woodlands, Tex.; www.championx.com) is designing new testing and evaluation methods to create more effective chemical formulations for asphaltene control that can be easily transferred from the laboratory to the field. “We are developing better methods that narrow the gap between asphaltene-control chemical performance in the laboratory and performance in field applications. By adopting better crude-oil storage and handling for asphaltene-control testing, the chemical development and qualification process can be improved substantially,” says Chris Russell, corporate scientist at ChampionX.

To tackle these concerns, the team developed a high-pressure, high-temperature flow loop where asphaltenic crude oil is subjected to field-relevant temperature and pressure conditions in the presence of heptane or propane. Chemical Recycling

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New microreactors and flow loops improve asphaltene management

Sabic’s versatile Ultem™ resins, on display at aix 2024, support recycling and sustainability goals

•    At AIX 2024, SABIC is showcasing its diverse portfolio of ULTEM materials that can replace traditional thermosets and promote design freedom, processing ease and sustainability.
•    ULTEM resins are adaptable for use in many different formats, processing methods and applications.
•    These resins enhance sustainability by offering opportunities for mono-material designs and replacing fossil-based grades with equivalent certified renewable grades.

SABIC, a global leader in the chemical industry, is highlighting its broad and diverse portfolio of ULTEM™ materials at the 2024 Aircraft Interiors Expo (AIX). ULTEM resin, a polyetherimide (PEI), is adaptable to a wide range of formats, including foam, sheet, fiber, powder, and composite and honeycomb structures. Chemical Recycling

Due to their versatility and desirable attributes, these resins offer the industry a smooth transition path from traditional thermosets to lighter, more environmentally cautious and more easily processed thermoplastics.

At its exhibit (Stand #6C51B), the company is displaying aircraft applications that benefit from a variety of ULTEM materials, including interior parts, seating, lighting, structural elements, electrical components and composites. Chemical Recycling

To address the industry’s sustainability goals, SABIC is showing how these different ULTEM material formats support mono-material designs that may simplify recycling.

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SABIC’S VERSATILE ULTEM™ RESINS, ON DISPLAY AT AIX 2024, SUPPORT RECYCLING AND SUSTAINABILITY GOALS

Plastics Recycling Faces Change And Innovation

From chemical processing of recycling plastics to eliminating single-use plastics to developing biodegradable polymers, the plastic recycling industry is facing continuous change and innovation. While progress is being made, the recycling rate of post-consumer plastic (or lack thereof) is startling. The Department of Energy released a study in 2022 that analyzed plastic recycling data and it found that only five percent of plastics are recycled, which matched a report by Beyond Plastics and the Last Beach Cleanup that indicated the recycling rate for post-consumer plastic was just five to six percent in 2021. While plastics recycling is on the decline, the per capita generation of plastic waste has increased by 263 percent since 1980. Chemical Recycling

The scale and impact of plastic pollution on the environment and human well-being has now been widely recognized. “‘Recycling’ as sub-category to the broader theme of ‘sustainable polymer engineering’ has become the topic of national academic center-scale research efforts and focus of industrial efforts,” said Michael Bockstaller professor, Materials Science and Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University College of Engineering. “The vision of a circular polymer economy has become more realistic. Chemical Recycling

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Plastics Recycling Faces Change And Innovation

Bio-degradable Plastics – Bio-based and Biodegradable Plastics Industries in China Policy framework, market trends, technologies and outlook for PLA, PA, PHA and PBAT Hürth, 28 May 2024: The new report by nova-Institute presents a timely market analysis of China’s bio[1]based and biodegradable plastics industries and markets in 2024 01-06-2024

Chemical Recycling