Lithium-Sulfur EV Battery 27-05-2023
Lithium-Sulfur EV Battery Society and Enterprise 5.0
-Stellantis Invests in Lyten’s Breakthrough Lithium-Sulfur EV Battery Technology
- Lyten is a Silicon Valley-based pioneer of tunable three-dimensional graphene, which has demonstrated significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and will advance the transition to sustainable mobility
- Stellantis and Lyten to develop applications for advanced Lithium-Sulfur based EV batteries, vehicle lightweighting, and enhanced vehicle sensing solutions
- Lithium-Sulfur batteries have the potential to deliver more than twice the energy density of lithium-ion and represent an alternative, non-nickel-manganese-cobalt cathode solution
- Stellantis exploring all battery technology to meet the diverse needs of its broad customer base and ensure clean, safe and affordable mobility
Stellantis N.V. and Lyten, Inc. announced today that Stellantis Ventures, the corporate venture fund of Stellantis, invested in Lyten to accelerate the commercialization of Lyten 3D Graphene™ applications for the mobility industry, including the LytCell™ Lithium-Sulfur EV battery, lightweighting composites, and novel on-board sensing. Lyten, a pioneer of three- dimensional (3D) Graphene, will leverage the unique tunability of the material to enable enhanced vehicle performance and customer experience while decarbonizing the transportation sector. Lithium-Sulfur EV Battery Society and Enterprise 5.0
Lyten’s tunable materials platform has demonstrated significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and will advance the transition to sustainable mobility.
Unlike traditional lithium-ion batteries, Lyten’s Lithium-Sulfur batteries do not use nickel, cobalt, or manganese, resulting in an estimated 60% lower carbon footprint than today’s best-in-class batteries and a pathway to achieve the lowest emissions EV battery on the global market. Raw materials for Lithium-Sulfur batteries have the potential to be sourced and produced locally, in North America or Europe, enhancing regional supply sovereignty. This technology will meet the needs of industries seeking lightweight and energy-dense batteries that are free from supply chain disruptions.
Stellantis launched Stellantis Ventures in 2022 as a venture capital fund committed to investing in early and later-stage startup companies developing innovative and sustainable technologies within the automotive and mobility sectors. Stellantis Ventures, powered by an initial €300 million in funding, is a key component of the Company’s Dare Forward 2030 strategic plan, which sets out core targets for Stellantis, including deep emission cuts to slash CO2 in half by 2030, benchmarking the 2021 metrics, and achieving carbon net zero by 2038 with single-digit percentage compensation of the remaining emissions.
“We are delighted that Stellantis Ventures, as the venture investment arm of a global automotive innovator, has demonstrated a strong belief in our company and our Lyten 3D Graphene™ decarbonizing supermaterials,” said Dan Cook, president and CEO of Lyten. “Among the automotive product innovations being transformed by Lyten 3D Graphene™ are Lithium-Sulfur batteries with the potential to deliver more than twice the energy density of lithium-ion, payload-improving lightweighted vehicle composites, and new modes of sensing that do not require chips, batteries or wires. We are committed to advancing each of these applications to Stellantis and the automotive market.”
Cook continued: “Unlike two-dimensional forms of graphene, the production of our tunable Lyten 3D Graphene™ has been independently verified to be carbon neutral at scale. We are converting greenhouse gases into a new class of high-performance, high-value carbon materials and are incorporating these tuned materials into applications that will decarbonize the hardest to abate sectors on the planet.”
“Having recently visited Lyten together with our CTO Ned Curic and our head of Stellantis Ventures, Adam Bazih, we walked away impressed by the potential of this technology to help drive clean, safe and affordable mobility,” said Carlos Tavares, Stellantis CEO.
“Lyten’s materials platform is a key investment for Stellantis Ventures, in line with our Dare Forward 2030 goal to accelerate deployment of innovative, customer-centric technologies. Lithium-Sulfur EV Battery Society and Enterprise 5.0
Specifically, Lyten’s Lithium-Sulfur battery has the potential to be a key ingredient in enabling mass-market EV adoption globally, and their material technology is equally well positioned to help reduce vehicle weight, which is all necessary for our industry to achieve carbon net zero goals.”
With traditional lithium-ion battery materials in critically short supply for EV manufacturing, Lyten’s Lithium-Sulfur battery will offer an alternative, non-nickel-manganese-cobalt cathode solution that supports the global transition to electric vehicles at mass market scale. Lyten’s goal is to provide a secure supply of performance-based and environmentally sustainable products to its customers, while also enabling auto manufacturers to take advantage of growing U.S. and European policy incentives, such as those referenced in the Inflation Reduction Act.
-Society and Enterprise 5.0: The New Paradigm of Japanese Development Model Valuing Human Capital
Introduction: Following the G7 summit in Hiroshima, preparations are underway for the transition to the G7 2024 in Italy. Among the key topics of discussion, in addition to healthcare, the focus is on the world of work and a societal model that represents a new cultural paradigm arising from the current epochal phase of social and economic transition, characterized by a poly-crisis and post-globalization.
The Emergence of Society and Enterprise 5.0: Professor Yuko Harayama, an eminent scholar, has been appointed by the Japanese Prime Minister to define a new economic and social development model, giving rise to the concept of Society and Enterprise 5.0. The previous model, Industry 4.0, originated in Germany and represented the fourth industrial revolution based on the Internet of Things and real-time data communication, enabling the concept of an omnipresent factory in both physical and virtual spaces. However, Industry 4.0, with its focus on enabling technologies, efficiency, and productivity, is now considered outdated. Lithium-Sulfur EV Battery Society and Enterprise 5.0
Understanding Enterprise 5.0: The Japanese Model: In contrast, Enterprise 5.0 represents a paradigm that emphasizes people, the environment, quality of life, and sustainability. It leverages the technologies of Industry 4.0 while shifting the focus to a transformed relationship between humans and robots. This model strives to balance economic development with the resolution of socio-environmental issues, utilizing technology not only for profit but also to enhance the quality of life for every citizen. It aims to improve the quality of life for individuals, respecting their gender, preferences, and all forms of “diversity.”
Application in Agriculture: An example of the application of the Enterprise 5.0 model can be seen in the agricultural sector. In Japan, with its large cities like Tokyo, young people are not inclined to remain in rural areas where agriculture is a dominant activity. Consequently, the average age of the population engaged in agriculture has risen significantly, making the traditional approach unsustainable. To address this challenge, Japan has implemented initiatives and funding as part of the Government Plan for Society 5.0, digitalizing and making agriculture more appealing to young people. They can now manage it as a business using new digital tools such as meteorological data, crop growth data, market conditions, food trends, and dietary requirements, along with the utilization of biotechnologies. These initiatives aim to tackle multiple challenges, ensuring the availability of agricultural products desired by consumers while prioritizing health, the environment, and rejuvenating the primary sector by attracting young people back to rural areas.
Italy vs. Japan: The Challenge of Work and Longevity: Examining Italy through the lens of the European Index on Gender Equality (EIGE), we find that it lags behind in terms of workforce participation. This reinforces the broader findings of the Global Gender Gap Report 2022 published by the World Economic Forum, highlighting the challenges in economic participation and opportunities for women. The true social emergency in Italy pertains to the participation and conditions of women in the labor market. This issue needs to be addressed comprehensively. Lithium-Sulfur EV Battery Society and Enterprise 5.0
The Role of Human Capital and Life Skills: To meet the challenges of the future, it is essential to build an environment that nurtures human capital equipped with essential life skills. These skills include decision-making, problem-solving, creative and critical thinking, anticipation, flexibility, effective communication, relationship-building, self-awareness, emotional management, stress management, and empathy. Transforming the education system and the entrepreneurial ecosystem is crucial to develop the necessary human capital.
Italy’s Progress in Life Skills Education: In Italy, the recent passage of Law 2782/2022, unanimously approved, marks a significant step towards
-Miba Battery Systems and AEHRA, a new premium e-car brand from Italy, have announced a partnership for the development of batteries
The collaboration aims to create a customized battery package for AEHRA’s SUV and sedan models, focusing on optimizing range, efficiency, and weight. The battery technology, provided by Austrian technology group Miba, will enable ultra-fast charging with up to 350 kW and a range of up to 800 kilometers. Sustainability and battery longevity are key focuses of the development project.
One notable feature of AEHRA’s battery solution is bi-directional charging, allowing customers to use the electricity stored in the vehicle’s battery to power their homes when needed. This feature is particularly beneficial for customers with solar energy systems, as the larger battery capacity of AEHRA’s vehicles can provide extended power storage during times when photovoltaic panels may not generate sufficient energy.
AEHRA aims to deliver a unique customer experience by combining Italian design, technology from top engineers, and an American approach to customer service. Their electric vehicles will incorporate a flat EV architecture, innovative powertrain performance, and a design that emphasizes aerodynamics and reduced rolling resistance.
Stefan Gaigg, Managing Director of Miba Battery Systems, expressed excitement about the partnership and the opportunity to develop battery packs for high-performance electric vehicles. Lithium-Sulfur EV Battery Society and Enterprise 5.0
Miba’s battery solutions are developed and produced at their VOLTfactory #01 in Austria, with plans to open additional locations as per demand.
Stefano Mazzetti, Head of Purchasing and Procurement at AEHRA, commended Miba’s flexibility, reliability, and cost-effectiveness, stating that their high-quality standards align perfectly with AEHRA’s innovative approach. Franco Cimatti, AEHRA’s Chief Engineering Officer, emphasized the focus on providing excellent dynamic performance without oversizing the battery, to avoid unnecessary complexity, inefficiencies, and increased costs.
Through their partnership, Miba Battery Systems and AEHRA aim to deliver super-efficient vehicles in the premium electric vehicle segment while prioritizing sustainability and reducing the carbon footprint of the battery system.
-PP pouch containing 60% ocean-bound plastic developed by SABIC and partners to package frozen prawns
SABIC, Estiko Packaging Solutions, and Coldwater Prawns of Norway have worked together to implement a reported 60% ocean-bound plastic waste into a new, ISCC PLUS certified pouch for frozen prawns – aspiring to keep plastics out of the environment and in a circular material stream. Lithium-Sulfur EV Battery Society and Enterprise 5.0
To produce the pouch, Estiko Packaging Solutions has created a multi-layer film from a random polymer grade of SABIC’s PP QRYSTAL copolymer. SABIC converts ocean-bound plastic (OBP) waste into an alternative feedstock for use in advanced recycling, with which it produces certified circular polymers to be returned into the material stream. These polymers form part of its TRUCIRCLE portfolio and services for circular solutions.
The resultant packaging, set to be applied to Coldwater Prawns of Norway’s frozen prawns, is said to offer an OBP content of around 60%. It is mass balance certified under the ISCC PLUS chain of custody, meaning that its material flow is tracked to each pouch.
Estiko Packaging Solutions can then claim an equivalent amount of flexible film as certified circular for every ton of certified circular polymer used in the production of the PP resin. In turn, Coldwater Prawns of Norway can display its sustainability credentials on the packaging for the benefit of consumers.
It is also said that the pouch complies with the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal #14 for ‘Life Below Water’ and aligns with the sustainable intent of Coldwater Prawns of Norway’s harvesting practices, in which cold water prawns are caught from the Barents Sea as opposed to farming king prawns. Lithium-Sulfur EV Battery Society and Enterprise 5.0
“Recovering OBP waste that could otherwise end up in our waterways or oceans is a complex challenge and requires close collaboration with dedicated value chain partners,” says Abdullah Al-Otaibi, general manager of Engineering Thermoplastics & Market Solutions for Petrochemicals at SABIC. “We are proud to present yet another successful joint project that demonstrates a feasible solution to contribute to this global issue with a frozen foods packaging pouch that capitalises on the sustainable benefits of our TRUCIRCLE programme.
“With its high OBP content, this application helps all players reduce their carbon footprint and support the circularity of flexible packaging.”
-Starts PEK (polyetherketone) business, an injection-moldable super engineering plastic with ultra-high heat resistance and durability
Polyplastics Co., Ltd. (Head Office: Minato-ku, Tokyo; President: Takashi Miyamoto; hereinafter referred to as Polyplastics) has started SARPEK® PEK (polyetherketone) business from April 2023. Lithium-Sulfur EV Battery Society and Enterprise 5.0
SARPEK® PEK is an engineering plastic in the upper end of the crystalline super engineering plastic portfolio, a resin with the same backbone as PEEK (polyether ether ketone), which has a high crystallization rate and high molding efficiency.It is a newer material with high heat resistance and high strength that can replace metals in harsh environments where crystalline super engineering plastics could not do so in the past. With the start of this business, a total of six grades will be launched, including three non-reinforced, glass-fiber reinforced, and carbon-fiber reinforced grades.Sales outside Japan are scheduled to begin in October 2023.
■ Application Examples
Suitable for springs, gears, screws, and other machine element parts where durability is required.
We will make proposals according to customer applications, such as needs for replacing metal with resin.We can provide not only pellets but also test specimens such as extruded rods, etc. Lithium-Sulfur EV Battery Society and Enterprise 5.0
SARPEK® is a registered trademark owned by Polyplastics in Japan and other countries.
-Ring Container Technologies Unveils Second Annual Sustainability Report
Ring Container Technologies, a leading producer of plastic containers, has recently unveiled its second annual Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) report titled “Pursuit of Excellence 2022.” The report highlights the company’s notable achievements and advancements in sustainability, underscoring its commitment to responsible business practices.
Throughout the year, Ring Container Technologies made significant progress in its ongoing sustainability initiatives, resulting in substantial reductions in plastic materials, enhanced energy efficiency, and support for customers in reducing food waste. The company’s comprehensive report not only showcases its accomplishments but also reinforces its dedication to minimizing environmental impact while maximizing positive contributions to employees, customers, and communities. Lithium-Sulfur EV Battery Society and Enterprise 5.0
Brian Smith, President and Chief Executive Officer at Ring Container Technologies, emphasized the company’s unwavering commitment to sustainability, stating, “Responsible, sustainable practices are at the core of our business. By setting ambitious yet attainable ESG goals, we strive to make meaningful changes while instilling confidence in our stakeholders that we will continue to fulfill our commitments.”
The report highlights Ring’s ESG achievements across three key categories: innovation, environmental stewardship, and employee and community engagement. Additionally, it outlines the company’s plans to meet future sustainability goals by 2027. Noteworthy accomplishments featured in the “Pursuit of Excellence 2022” report include:
- Recognition: Ring Container Technologies received a 2022 EcoVadis Gold Medal sustainability rating, placing it in the top 5% (98th percentile) of all rated companies. The company also ranked in the top 1% for Overall, Environment, Ethics, and Sustainable Procurement scores within the Manufacture of Plastics Products industry.
- Recycling Compliance: The entire product portfolio of Ring Container Technologies now adheres to the Federal Trade Commission Green Guidelines for recycling, ensuring that 100% of their products meet the necessary standards.
- Material Reduction: Through the implementation of TRIMLITE technology, the company reduced its PET material usage by over 11 million pounds of resin, making significant strides in reducing environmental impact.
- Energy Efficiency: Ring achieved a 5% improvement in energy intensity compared to its 2018 baseline. In recognition of this progress, the U.S. Department of Energy honored the company with an Honorable Mention at the 2022 Better Project Awards. Lithium-Sulfur EV Battery Society and Enterprise 5.0
Ring Container Technologies’ second annual sustainability report demonstrates the company’s unwavering dedication to sustainable practices and serves as a testament to its ongoing efforts to make a positive difference in the world.
-PureCycle Technologies Inc.’s flagship polypropylene recycling facility in Ironton, Ohio, is on the verge of commencing commercial pellet production, according to CEO Dustin Olson
The plant, which aims to promote sustainability, prioritizes the well-being of its team members and the local communities. In a press release on May 9, Olson expressed excitement about the safe initiation of commercial operations and the production of ultra-pure recycled (UPR) resin at their state-of-the-art purification facility in Ironton.
PureCycle, headquartered in Orlando, Florida, faced several delays in launching the highly anticipated Ironton plant. The project, expected to generate 80-100 jobs and cost up to $361 million, has overcome these obstacles with the recent arrival of the necessary solvent for the recycling process. The company’s next steps involve converting virgin polypropylene (PP) resin into pellets and incorporating post-industrial and post-consumer PP into the purification process, thereby creating recycled resin pellets for sale and distribution to customers. Lithium-Sulfur EV Battery Society and Enterprise 5.0
To ensure a smooth transition, PureCycle plans to gradually increase plant capacity utilization while simultaneously scaling up feedstock deliveries and customer offtake shipments. Although PP holds promise as a significant market for plastics recycling, the actual recycling rates for this material remain relatively low in the United States, typically in the single digits. PET and high-density polyethylene, by comparison, have recycling rates just under 30 percent.
PureCycle’s Ironton plant, utilizing a solvent-based technology originally developed by Procter & Gamble, can process nearly 110 million pounds of PP annually. This innovative method washes away impurities, colors, and odors, resulting in a resin that resembles virgin material. In addition to these advancements, PureCycle recently secured $62 million in debt financing to strengthen its financial position, including funds for a planned recycling plant in Augusta, Georgia.
Larry Somma, PureCycle’s Chief Financial Officer, emphasized the company’s intention to obtain long-term project financing for the Augusta plant once the Ironton plant is operational. This approach will provide a sustainable and cost-effective source of funding. Site engineering work is progressing in Augusta, and PureCycle has submitted a finance plan to the Development Authority of Augusta for a purification line. The company aims to finalize land rights for the project by June 30 and has begun module preparation for the proposed plant in Beaumont, Texas. Lithium-Sulfur EV Battery Society and Enterprise 5.0
Internationally, PureCycle has initiated site engineering work at the Port of Antwerp in Belgium to commence the permitting process. In South Korea, their joint venture team is making progress on engineering plans, while in Japan, PureCycle is engaged in potential joint venture discussions with Mitsui & Co., an industrial firm. Additionally, they have started the feasibility study process for potential sites in Japan.
In terms of financial performance, PureCycle reported a loss of $25.8 million in the first quarter of 2023, following a loss of $25.4 million during the same period in 2022. The company’s full-year loss for 2022 amounted to nearly $85 million. Despite these figures, PureCycle’s stock price closed at approximately $7.40 per share on May 9, marking a more than 17 percent increase for the year so far.