Petrochemical Bioplastic Recycling Hydrogen 28-11-2020
Petrochemical Bioplastic Recycling Hydrogen
With plans for growth, CATACK-H claims its solvolysis-based recycling process can reclaim high-quality fibers and resins from materials and finished parts.
Founded in 2017 by CEO Jin-Ho Jeong, CATACK-H (HwaSeong, South Korea) is a chemical treatment-based, carbon fiber composite recycling start-up that currently serves the Korean region, but plans to expand as early as January 2021.
According to Hendrik Neuhaus, international operations manager, the company’s process involves the use of chemical solvents to break down epoxy-based resins in carbon fiber-reinforced plastic (CFRP) parts to recover fibers to reuse as a chopped or milled fiber product.
Several Asian paraxylene producers have announced their December contract price in Asia (ACP) at USD650-660 per tonne, market sources told ICIS .
ENEOS Corporation offered paraxylene at USD660 per tonne CFR for Asia.
SK Global Chemical (SKGC) and Idemitsu Kosan have put forward their bids at USD650 per tonne, CFR Asia.
Earlier it was reported that the contract price of paraxylene in Europe for November deliveries was agreed at the level of EUR510 per tonne, which is EUR5 per tonne lower than the level of October this year.
Paraxylene is a raw material for the synthesis of terephthalic acid – an intermediate product for the production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET).
According to the ICIS-MRC Price Review , Russian market participants note a slight shortage of PET from some domestic manufacturers, but there is no need to talk about a shortage of material so far.
Spot prices of Russian producers last week were at the level of 74,000-77,000 rubles. per tonne CPT Moscow, VAT included. The contract prices of Russian plants in the current month are in the range of 68,300-71,100 rubles. per ton, CPT Moscow, VAT included.
Turkish polymer producer Petkim, whose controlling stake is Azerbaijani SOCAR, raised selling prices for polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) on November 24, market sources told ICIS .
Thus, the prices of PP and high-density polyethylene (LDPE) of the company on the terms of delivery of FCA Aliaga (Aliaga, Turkey) increased by USD40 per ton, and the prices of low-density polyethylene (HDPE) – by USD30 per ton.
The company lists actual prices on a gross basis, and Petkim may offer large discounts on shipments.
Petkim has raised LDPE prices for the third time this month, while PP and HDPE prices were increased last week.
LDPE supply continues to be limited in Turkey. Earlier consignments of material from Europe provided support to the Turkish market, but their number decreased as LDPE prices rose in the European market.
According to the ICIS-MRC Price Review , buying activity in the Russian market is low, but the demand for PE is still at a good level. A growing number of sellers report that they have sold all their November PE volumes. In the LDPE segment, this factor led to an increase in prices last week. The HDPE market also has a limited supply, but there is no excitement in this regard. In addition, many large converters closed all their deals at the beginning of the month.
Buying activity on the Russian PP market dropped significantly last week, and some small sellers reported that they had already sold all their November quotas of propylene homopolymer (PP-homo). At the end of the week, there were slight price changes on the spot.
Petkim Petrokimya Holding AS is a Turkish chemical company. The controlling stake in the company (51.39%) is owned by the State Oil Company of the Azerbaijan Republic (SOCAR). The rest of the shares are held by TURCAS. The company produces polymers (PE, PP, PVC, PA), detergents, packaging, etc.
At K-2019, plastics recyclers arrived at the Baerlocher booth to learn how to improve margins and gain market share by using additives in their processes. Baerlocher is eager to follow up on this success at the PRSE Virtual conference from 9-11 December 2020, sharing its experiences with its Baeropol T-Blend range.
A recycled HDPE compounded with Baerlocher’s chain extender shows a significant improvement in surface appearance (above), relative to a reference without the additive, when applied in profile extrusion (below).
Baerlocher is a long-established provider of additives for PP, PE and other thermoplastics. The portfolio includes the unique Baeropol RST stabiliser, which has formed the basis for a set of additive blends that have been found to be useful in polyolefin recycling applications.
Baerlocher offers fully formulated antioxidant packages under the Baeropol T-Blend range of products. The stabilisers from Baerlocher are available in a dust-free pastille form, much appreciated by recyclers.
Chemicals firm Perstorp says it has developed a production concept to produce methanol from a large variety of recovered end-of-life streams and hydrogen from electrolysis. Calling it Project AIR, the firm will build a large-scale, commercial carbon capture and utilisation (CCU) unit in Stenungsund, Sweden, to produce sustainable methanol by 2025. It adds that the methanol plant will be unique at it is a combined CCU and gasification process where CO2, residue streams, renewable hydrogen and biomethane will be converted to methanol.
Perstorp plans to do this in cooperation with Fortum, Uniper and Nature Energy.
German materials firm Covestro has developed polyurethane elastomers based on so-called cardyon brand polyols, which contain CO2 and offer the same good performance as corresponding petrochemical-based elastomers.
A new technology from Covestro makes it possible to produce these precursors from carbon dioxide in a proportion of up to 20% by weight, thereby replacing some of the fossil raw materials used up to now.
The development contributes to recycling carbon and underlines Covestro’s intention to focus all its activities on the Circular Economy.
Suddenly surged nylon raw materials
In the first half of November, prices of caprolactam and nylon 6 bright conventional-spinning chip had jumped up by 300-400yuan/mt, which was widely considered the stimulation of CPL intensive turnaround and tight supply. However, actual end user’s demand has cooled since October, and nylon prices are believed to reach the highest point in the second half of 2020 already. Based on nylon industry fundamentals, the price has been at its ceiling.
*Sinopec has raised the Nov contract by two times, and Shenyuan and Nanjing Fibrant have raised by four times. The contract price for Dec is still going up.
However, since Nov 10th, Sinopec had raised up benzene and caprolactam contract listing price continuously and significantly, which shouldered up CPL spot and nylon 6 CS chip price by 900-1200yuan/mt across the board, with some part of chip sources jumped over 2,000yuan/mt. CS chip buyers chased after the increase, and the transaction volume elevated.
Imports of all solid waste into China will be completely banned effective 1 January 2021, according to announcement released by Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Ministry of Commerce, National Development and Reform Commission and General Administration of Customs on Nov 24, 2020.
About the impact of this policy on the import of recycled PET, market concerns are mainly on two points:
First, the import of recycled PET chips. What we can be clear is that recycled PET chips are industrialized products processed from recycled PET solid waste. They are not solid waste and can be imported as long as they meet the relevant standards required by the Customs in terms of color, packaging, shape and other indicators. Due to price reasons, the import volumes of recycled PET chips have declined sharply since 2019. Most of the foreign factories that were put into production have been quit the market, and only a few are still in production. The import volumes are very small. Therefore, this policy has basically no impact on the import of recycled PET chips.
SABIC, a global leader in the chemical industry, has announced the successful commercialization of LEXAN HP92AF Anti-Fog film, targeted especially at demanding COVID-19 protection equipment such as safety face shields and goggles in front-line work environments, as per the company’s press release.
The film product features a one-sided coating that extends the time-to-fog even at very high ambient humidity, ensuring long-lasting optical clarity.
LEXAN HP92AF has confirmed its superior anti-fog performance in extensive testing under harshest conditions (see video) and does not exhibit any hazing at saturation as could be observed with competitive materials.
Moreover, the anti-fog coating technology has no compromising effect on the abrasion resistance and impact strength of the polycarbonate (PC) film.
Alstom will supply six hydrogen fuel cell trains, with the option for eight more, to FNM (Ferrovie Nord Milano), the main transport and mobility group in the Italian region of Lombardy, for a total amount of approximately €160 million. The first train delivery is expected within 36 months of the date of the order.
The new hydrogen trains will be based on Alstom’s Coradia Stream regional train platform, which is dedicated to the European market and already being produced for Italy by Alstom’s main Italian sites.
The hydrogen powered Coradia Stream for FNM, will be equipped with the same fuel cell propulsion technology that was introduced to the world by the Coradia iLint. The hydrogen Coradia Stream will maintain the high standards of comfort already appreciated by passengers of its electric version. The hydrogen version will match the operational performance of diesel trains, including their range.
Petrochemical Bioplastic Recycling Hydrogen