Recycled cellulosic-fibres – Japan: Scientists develop self-healing, stronger and partially biodegradable plastic 06-11-2023

Recycled cellulosic-fibres

Petrochemicals BGPET – Goldman Sachs says the Israel-Hamas war could have major implications for Europe’s economy


Recycled cellulosic-fibres

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New partnership for recycled man-made cellulosic fibres

SaXcell and Birla Cellulose sign Memorandum of Understanding for recycled fibre production to accelerate circularity.
Textile recycling innovator SaXcell has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Aditya Birla Group’s, Birla Cellulose, one of the world’s largest manufacturers of man-made cellulosic fibres. The MoU paves the way for the expansion of collaboration between the two companies for production of recycled man-made cellulosic fibres. SaXcell’s textile waste pulping technology combined with Birla’s advanced wet spinning expertise results in high quality sustainable SaXcell recycled fibres, serving the circular textile needs of customers at commercial scale.Commenting on the development, Mr Erik van der Weerd, CEO SaXcell, highlighted that this collaboration fits SaXcell’s vision to set up a robust circular textile supply chain based on partnership and mutual commitment. He explains: “To address today’s social and environmental challenges of the textile industry, global collaboration is imperative.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres
We need to facilitate a change from a linear to a circular economy and we need to do it now. SaXcell’s and Birla’s combined innovation force and production power offer a great opportunity to create real impact.”Commenting on this circularity and sustainability focussed collaboration, Dr. Aspi Patel, Chief Technology Officer, Aditya Birla Group and Birla Cellulose, points out: ”Birla Cellulose is strongly committed to support innovators for expanding circular fibre offerings in the textile and non-woven value chain. We have been exploring innovative business models and partnerships, this collaboration is one such initiative, where we aim to help SaXcell leapfrog from pilot to commercial demonstration scale.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres
Such partnerships will play an increasingly important role in accelerating circularity in global textile value chain.”SaXcell B.V. is an innovative technology development company that recycles used textiles into feedstock for making new and sustainable man-made cellulosic fibres. Creating the new fibres requires less water, land and chemicals. A team of researchers from Saxion University of Applied Science in Enschede started with SaXcell B.V. in 2015. After extensively testing and improving the technology, a pilot factory was successfully built in 2020. By 2024 SaXcell will further expand by building a Small Scale Production plant in Enschede, The Netherlands.
More…Recycled cellulosic-fibres

BMW showcases own battery to tackle Tesla

BMW starts making new battery cells that outperform Tesla’s BMW has begun producing its new Gen 6 battery cells, which will power its upcoming Neue Klasse electric vehicles.

The German car maker says its battery cells are better than Tesla’s in both performance and sustainability.

The Gen 6 battery cells are cylindrical and have a diameter of 46 mm. They come in two heights, 95 mm or 120 mm, depending on the capacity.

This shape helps to optimize the space and weight of the battery pack, which will be built into the vehicle structure.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

The Gen 6 battery cells will also have a voltage of 800 volts, which will enable faster charging and higher efficiency.

BMW claims its Gen 6 battery cells will provide a 30% increase in range over the previous generation, thanks to higher energy density and improved thermal management.

Moreover, the German company says it has cut CO2 emissions in cell production by 60%, using renewable energy and recycled materials.

The Bavarian company also plans to introduce solid-state batteries by 2030, which will further boost energy density by 20%.

The first cars to use Gen 6 battery cells will be the Neue Klasse models, which will launch in 2025.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

This is a new exclusive electric platform, which will include a compact sedan, a sporty SUV, a crossover and a station wagon.

BMW aims to sell more than 10 million electric vehicles by 2030, with a market share of 25%.

Recycled cellulosic-fibres

Japan: Scientists develop self-healing, stronger and partially biodegradable plastic

Scientists in Japan have developed a new version of plastic which is not just stronger and stretchier than the traditional version but also partially biodegradable. Besides, it can remember complex shapes which can be restored once it is heated.

Now, researchers at the University of Tokyo have successfully created “sustainable plastic,” which is based on an epoxy resin vitrimer. Recycled cellulosic-fibres

What are vitrimers?

Vitrimers represent a relatively recent category of plastics known for their impressive strength at low temperatures, while also possessing the unique ability to be reshaped numerous times when exposed to higher temperatures.

Nonetheless, they do have a notable drawback – extreme brittleness, as they cannot be stretched far before breaking.

To address this issue, researchers introduced a molecule called polyrotaxane into the plastic synthesis process, resulting in a novel plastic variant they’ve dubbed VPR, an abbreviation for “vitrimer incorporated with polyrotaxane.”

At lower temperatures, VPR’s robust internal chemical bonds maintain its rigid shape, but as temperatures rise, to around 150 degrees Celsius, these bonds start to recombine, allowing the material to take on different forms.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

Moreover, when heat and a solvent are applied to VPR, it readily breaks down into its constituent components. Submerging VPR in seawater for 30 days also led to a 25 per cent biodegradation, with the polyrotaxane breaking down into a potential food source for marine life.

Self-healing properties

“VPR is over five times as resistant to breaking as a typical epoxy resin vitrimer,” said Professor Shota Ando, a project research associate at the University of Tokyo Graduate School of Frontier Sciences.

“It also repairs itself 15 times as fast, can recover its original memorised shape twice as fast and can be chemically recycled 10 times as fast as the typical vitrimer.

It even biodegrades safely in a marine environment, which is new for this material,” Ando added.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres


Japan: Scientists develop self-healing, stronger and partially biodegradable plastic

High-purity rPET for new bottles

Croatia’s accession to the European Union has also given a significant boost to the topic of recycling, among other things.

Varisort sorting systems with FLASH technology for inspecting the bottle material for special colours (silver, opaq, TiO2 coloured) and for detecting bottles with a very low colour saturation.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

Since then, the aim has been to implement the EU’s waste directives and current targets and, above all, to drive forward the circular economy to a national level. The EU target of recycling more than 65 percent of the municipal waste generated by 2035 has paved the way for a sustainable circular economy.

Plastic packaging manufacturers as an active part of the circular economy

An example from the field of plastic packaging shows that especially the distributors and manufacturers of such packaging who see it as their duty to make their contribution to the circular economy and thus to environmental protection and resource conservation. The aim is to use recycled PET material in the production of PET beverage packaging and to continuously increase its share. When using recycled PET, purity is the decisive factor. Only pure and high-quality recyclate can be used for a wide range of new products and especially for beverage packaging.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

rPET pellets of the highest quality for use in the food sector

Austrian beverage producer Steinrieser and the newly founded Austrian-Croatian trading company for beverage production KIS pica have joined forces to set up a PET recycling plant in the Donja Dubrava region of Croatia to reprocess disposed plastic bottles.

The PET recycling plant REKIS produces up to 18,000 metric tons of high-quality rPET pellets annually, which is then reused for the production of beverage bottles. In Croatia, plastic bottles are collected via the existing deposit system, but also via municipal collection points. In addition, REKIS sources collected plastic bottles from Austria, Slovenia, Slovakia and the Czech Republic.

The material is delivered pressed into bales, separated and forwarded via an eddy current separator for separation from aluminium cans. To obtain pure PET material for use in the food sector from the plastic bottles processed in this way, a multi-stage sorting process follows.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

At REKIS, multisensor sorting systems from Sesotec are used to reliably separate plastic bottles and, in a further step, plastic flakes by type. This is the prerequisite for obtaining high-quality rPET pellets.

Presorting with Varisort+ multisensor sorting systems

In the first step, the bottles pass through the Varisort+ multisensor sorting system. Positive sorting of clear PET bottles takes place: PET plastic bottles and clear bottles are removed and sent to the next sorting stage. Unwanted plastic bottles are actively suppressed and were then sent to the return sorting stage with all other materials.

The advantage of this sorting process is that the target fraction is positively identified and collected. All other materials, such as stones, etc., are removed and no longer interfere with further processing.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres


High-purity rPET for new bottles

APLA ’23: Brazil’s PE supply concerns rise as demand ticks higher

Brazil’s concerns about short supply of polyethylene (PE) in the fourth quarter continue mounting as imports could fall while demand is expected to rise slightly heading into this year’s annual meeting of the Latin America Petrochemical Association (APLA).

  • Weather conditions could affect imports into Brazil
  • Planned maintenance shutdowns to affect domestic supply
  • Imports into Argentina heavily curtailed

Until August, PE supply was not a concern for the Brazilian chemicals market, but a drought in Brazil’s northern states has changed the scenario.

The inland Port of Manaus, in the state of Amazonas, is one of the main gateways for PE into Brazil; the region has large converters and is a free trade zone, making imports more competitive.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

However, the region has been struggling with a severe drought, causing the Port of Manaus – where the rivers Negro and Amazonas meet – to record its lowest water level in 121 years.

The Port recorded a water level of 13.59 metres in mid-October, the lowest level since records began in 1902 and well below the previous record lows of 2010.

Many shipping companies have ceased their services to the Amazonas state capital because, in some critical passage points, the water has reached a level that makes it impossible to continue maritime operations.

Many cargoes on board vessels bound for Manaus will have to be unloaded in other ports like Pecem and Vila do Conde, but it remains unclear when these cargoes will be re-embarked to Manaus.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

According to one distributor, this situation has caused many converters to transfer their production to plants located in other regions, thus generating an “artificial” demand for PE due to the impossibility of receiving imports in Manaus and shipping finished products from there to other regions.

Another source said this situation should only improve in Q1 2024, causing a large volume of backlogged cargo to land in Manaus next year, while a local converter said it expects the situation to improve in November.


APLA ’23: Brazil’s PE supply concerns rise as demand ticks higher

Berlin Packaging and APR partner to assess recyclability of PET bottles

The initiative will allow participating companies to receive the APR’s Design Recognition verification. Recycled cellulosic-fibres

Berlin Packaging has collaborated with US-based non-profit organisation the Association of Plastic Recyclers (APR) to introduce a sample bottle programme.

The programme aims to assist in the designing and testing of recyclable polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic packaging.

Berlin Packaging, a hybrid packaging solutions provider, is a member of the APR.

As part of this effort, Berlin Packaging is required to send small quantities of PET bottles to undergo recyclability test protocols at third-party testing laboratories to secure the APR’s Design for Recyclability Recognition.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

This guide is designed to help companies ensure that the design of their packaging is fully recyclable and can easily be converted into high-quality, post-consumer recycled content.


Berlin Packaging and APR partner to assess recyclability of PET bottles

Recycled cellulosic-fibres

Mechanically recycled plastic – Multiple mixed plastic polymers depolymerized by single catalyst in new scientific development 04-11-2023

Carbon Fiber – Electric cars : Automaker executives admit their plans are in jeopardy 02-11-2023

Carbon Fiber

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Electric cars : Automaker executives admit their plans are in jeopardy

Despite ambitious electrification strategies, automaker executives expressed doubts this week about the growth of the electric car market, amid signs of slowing demand and production difficulties.

Some industry leaders have also scaled back their electric vehicle (BEV) sales targets, calling into question their profitability and sustainability.
Many auto executives are reviewing their electric car plans
Among those who have changed their tone is Mary Barra, CEO of General Motors, who has been one of the most optimistic about the future of electric cars.

GM has suspended its targets to produce 100,000 BEVs in the second half of 2023 and another 400,000 in the first six months of 2024, without knowing when it will reach them. “As we progress through the transformation to EV, our road is a little bumpy,” she said.
Even Mercedes-Benz, which had to discount its electric cars by several thousand euros to sell them, did not hide its difficulties.”  Carbon Fiber

But Mercedes is not the only one. In fact, almost all current electric vehicles are sold at a lower price than the list price and in some cases with manufacturer incentives close to 10%.

This is while inventory is piling up at dealerships, in spite of the dealers. Often even significant markdowns and discounts are not enough.

These cars take dealers longer to sell than their gasoline counterparts.
This obviously leads to severe slowdowns in the plans of many companies which were evidently far too ambitious and optimistic.

The president of Toyota Motor, Akio Toyoda, spoke about this problem at the Japan Mobility Show, who declared: “People are finally realizing what the reality is.”

Toyoda has long been skeptical of his colleagues’ purely electric designs.

Carbon Fiber

Self-adhesive label material for PET recycling

Herma, a leader in self-adhesive label materials, has introduced the new wash-off adhesive 72Hpw. Thanks to a special formulation, the production costs of the new adhesive are almost on the same level as a conventional permanent standard adhesive, says the company. Nevertheless, it is claimed to make it possible to generate pure PET flakes with the usual industrial washing processes, without disturbing residues of labels and the printing inks contained on them. At the same time, this adhesive also benefits from the wash-off know-how that Herma states to have acquired in this field: The new adhesive has been designed to achieve good values in the important initial adhesion, i. e. the tack, and in the wash-off rate. They are claimed to be very similar to the more expensive wash-off adhesives that have already been introduced.  Carbon Fiber

Institut cyclos-HTP has already certified the adhesive 72Hpw for wash-off applications in combination with the film Herma PP white super tc (grade 881). This means that PET bottles can also be visually attractive for products such as beverages, cleaning agents (detergents), cosmetics and personal care. They can all be recycled in industry-standard recycling plants. The adhesive 72Hpw has been developed for applications where the label is to be washed off in warm alkaline water. Good results are already achieved at 70 °C in a 1% sodium hydroxide solution, explains Herma. Further material combinations are currently still in the test phase. These include, for example, the extra light and therefore resource-friendly films Herma PP 50 white (grade 884) and Herma PP 50 transparent super tc (grade 886).

Visit Herma


Carbon Fiber

Chlorophyll Water transitions to 100% rPET bottles

For the new bottles’ labels, the brand leveraged Avery Dennison’s water-based CleanFlake technology.

US-based bottled water brand Chlorophyll Water has announced the launch of new bottles made using 100% recycled polyethylene terephthalate (rPET).

The plastic material used in manufacturing Chlorophyll’s new bottles is recycled using technologies that have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

The company has also received the European Food Safety Authority’s (EFSA) approval for food-grade applications of this rPET material.  Carbon Fiber

These approvals signify that the material used in Chlorophyll’s packaging can be repurposed again into new PET bottles, further minimising the requirement of using virgin plastic for manufacturing new PET bottles.

Regarding the labels on these new 100% recycled plastic bottles, Chlorophyll leveraged Avery Dennison’s CleanFlake label technology.

CleanFlake labels, according to Chlorophyll, help enhance the yield of food-grade PET during the recycling process.


Carbon Fiber

Landbell and Sabic Enter Into Long-Term Partnership to Advance Plastic Packaging Closed-Loop Systems

Landbell, a German waste management service provider, and Sabic, the Saudi chemical giant, have solidified their long-term cooperation through an agreement aimed at fostering closed-loop systems for plastic packaging and expanding advanced recycling initiatives. The primary focus will be on establishing and enhancing processes to augment feedstock streams, technology, and expertise required for larger-scale chemical recycling operations.

This agreement marks a significant milestone in the ongoing partnership between the two companies, which was initially formed in 2020. Carbon Fiber

It builds upon the success of a pioneering recycling project announced by Landbell and Sabic in 2022 in collaboration with Mars. This project demonstrated the feasibility of closing the loop on flexible packaging by collecting mixed-used plastic and producing certified circular polypropylene (PP) as part of Sabic’s Trucircle portfolio.

Landbell and Sabic aspire to encourage other brand owners, as well as plastic and packaging converters, to integrate circular solutions utilizing chemically recycled post-consumer plastic packaging into their product applications. The collaboration also aims to showcase that closed-loop projects have the potential to recapture value and reintroduce used plastic into new material streams. To achieve this, Landbell is providing mixed plastic packaging waste from the German yellow bag collection as feedstock for chemical recycling—a waste stream that has traditionally been processed through low-end mechanical recycling or incineration for energy recovery.

This waste is transported to a specialized pre-treatment facility operated by A. Siemer Entsorgung, where it undergoes further sorting and cleaning processes in preparation for subsequent processing. Ultimately, the material will be transported to the Sabic Plastic Energy Advanced Recycling Unit in Geleen (currently in its final construction stages), where it will be converted into pyrolysis oil known as Tacoil. Following treatment in a newly constructed Sabic hydrotreater plant, this Tacoil can be utilized in Sabic’s production processes.  Carbon Fiber

Landbell and Sabic Enter Into Long-Term Partnership to Advance Plastic Packaging Closed-Loop Systems

OMV and Interzero establish joint venture to build and operate Europe’s largest sorting facility for chemical recycling


  • Construction and operation of innovative, fully automatic, sorting plant with capacity of up to 260,000 tonnes per year in Walldürn, Germany
  • Processing mixed plastics into feedstock for OMV’s chemical recycling
  • OMV investment volume over EUR 170 mn

OMV, the integrated company for energy, fuels & feedstock, chemicals and materials, headquartered in Vienna, has today announced the final investment decision to build an innovative sorting plant developed by Interzero* to produce feedstock for chemical recycling. In total, OMV will invest an amount of over EUR 170 mn to build this state-of-the-art facility in Walldürn, southern Germany. OMV will hold 89.9 percent of the shares in the joint venture and 10.1 per cent of the shares will belong to Interzero, Europe’s leading provider of circular economy solutions.  Carbon Fiber

Production start of the new plant is expected to take place in 2026. Around 120 new jobs will be created at the new site. The groundbreaking ceremony is already scheduled for November 20, 2023, with guests from politics expected to attend.

The sorting facility will be the first of its kind to produce feedstock for OMV’s chemical recycling on a large industrial scale. The ReOil® technology developed and patented by OMV is a chemical

recycling innovation that converts plastic waste that cannot be mechanically recycled into pyrolysis oil – a valuable resource.  Carbon Fiber

The input for the sorting plant essentially involves mixed plastics that have not been recyclable until now, especially those collected separately from the yellow bag and the yellow bin recycling system in Germany.


OMV and Interzero establish joint venture to build and operate Europe’s largest sorting facility for chemical recycling

Toray Industries, Inc. Develops TORAYCA T1200, the Ultra-High-Strength Carbon Fiber

Toray Industries, Inc. announced that it has developed TORAYCA? T1200 carbon fiber, the higher strength at 1,160 kilopound per square inch (Ksi). This new offering will move forward to reducing environmental footprints by lightening carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic materials.

This fiber also opens a new performance frontier for strength-driven applications. Its potential applications range from aerostructures and defense to alternative energy and consumer products. As carbon fiber products have proven their value and become more commercialized, the supply of high-strength carbon fiber has increased globally.

Pushing this performance frontier has increased the demand for specialty applications. Toray set about refining its proprietary nanoscale structural control technology to design and achieve an internal structure that resists damage. Leveraging this fundamental technology led Toray to develop TORAYCA?  Carbon Fiber

T1200 in its new facility within the Ehime Plant (in Masaki-cho, Ehime Prefecture). T1200 has a tensile strength of up to 1,160 Ksi, more than 10% higher than TORAYCA? T1100, which currently has the higher tensile strength available.

T1100 applications include defense weapon systems, space, aircraft, and sports and leisure equipment. Toray began the commercial production of TORAYCA? carbon fiber in 1971 at the Ehime Plant and diversified the application into compressed natural gas and high-pressure hydrogen tanks, automobiles, aircraft, and sporting equipment.

In 1986, Toray developed TORAYCA? T1000 and further expanded carbon fiber’s potential by commercializing TORAYCA? T1100.

Toray remains a global leader, with both carbon fibers exhibiting the higher strength available worldwide. As part of the Toray Group’s Sustainability Vision, the company committed itself to providing innovative technologies and advanced materials that contribute to sustainable progress. TORAYCA?  Carbon Fiber


Toray Industries, Inc. Develops TORAYCA T1200, the Ultra-High-Strength Carbon Fiber

Report finds high likelihood of greenwashing in beverage packaging

Circularity claims on PET beverage bottles such as ‘100% recyclable’ are likely to be misleading consumers, according to a new report.

ClientEarth, ECOS (Environmental Coalition on Standards), Eunomia Research & Consulting and Zero Waste Europe have researched greenwashing in PET beverage packaging.

The report is based on previous work by circular economy specialists at Eunomia, which concluded that PET is not currently a circular material within even the best recycling systems in Europe. It shows that circularity claims may in some cases be inaccurate and overall give an impression of the ‘sustainability’ of PET beverage bottles that does not reflect reality.  Carbon Fiber

The investigation looks at examples of on-pack claims and finds that the term ‘recyclable’ is ambiguous and should not be placed on bottles. The authors recommend instead that labels provide consumers with clear instructions on how to dispose of packaging.

It also finds that ‘100% recycled’ claims may not account for all the components of the bottle, asserting that caps and labels are rarely, if ever, made from recycled content.

The report warns that companies should address these practices to avoid misleading consumers and potentially breaching consumer protection law.

The conclusion drawn is that PET beverage bottles should not be marketed using language or imagery that implies circularity or sustainabilityCarbon Fiber

ClientEarth representative Rosa Pritchard commented: “‘Plastic bottle circularity’ is a myth. Claims on bottles that promote this idea present an obstacle to the green transition. Consumers need access to fair, honest information about the environmental impacts of products and clear information on recycling.”


Report finds high likelihood of greenwashing in beverage packaging

Circular plastics – World Bank warns oil price could soar to record $150 a barrel 01-11-2023

Carbon Fiber

Circular plastics – World Bank warns oil price could soar to record $150 a barrel 01-11-2023

Circular plastics

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European plastics manufacturers agree roadmap to circular plastics

European plastics manufacturers have agreed a “Plastics Transition” roadmap that aims to accelerate the transition to make plastics circular and net zero lifecycle emissions.

The “Plastics Transition” roadmap highlights what Plastics Europe calls the “urgent need” for a policy framework that stimulates circular markets and investments.

Plastics Europe says its vision is to create a sustainable plastics system that continues to meet consumer and societal demands while supporting the transitions of many downstream industries. Circular plastics

The roadmap establishes a pathway to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the overall plastics system by 28% by 2030 and towards net zero by 2050. It also predicts that circular plastics could meet 25% of European demand in 2030 and 65% by 2050.

Cumulated additional investments and operational costs to reach these ambitions are projected to be €235 billion, Plastics Europe says.

The roadmap identifies several “key levers and enablers”, and details immediate, short, and medium-term milestones and actions for plastics manufacturers. It also says that circularity requires a whole value chain approach and includes recommended actions for policymakers and value chain stakeholders between now and 2030.

For the first time our industry is united around a hugely ambitious but realistic plan to redesign the European plastics system.

Virginia Janssens, Managing Director of Plastics Europe, commented: “For the first time our industry is united around a hugely ambitious but realistic plan to redesign the European plastics system – the ‘Plastics Transition’ roadmap. It will be our North Star for the years to come and reflects a profound cultural shift that has taken place in our industry.”        Circular plastics

The roadmap also calls for a European waste management system fit for a net zero and circular economy, minimum circular plastic content targets for key plastics applications, and unlock industry investments in, for example, chemical recycling infrastructure.

Marco ten Bruggencate, President of Plastics Europe, and Dow EMEA Commercial Vice President Packaging and Specialty Plastics said: “We are excited about the opportunity the Green Deal provides to create a thriving and competitive European plastics industry that allows us to increase investment and innovation in circularity and decarbonisation.


Circular plastics

Amcor, SK Geo Centric partner for supply of recycled content

Amcor, a global leader in developing and producing responsible packaging solutions, announced today that it has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with SK Geo Centric (SK), a leading petrochemical company based in South Korea, to source advanced recycled material primarily in the Asia Pacific region beginning in 2025.

The MOU with SK will enable Amcor to provide access to packaging solutions using recycled content for food and healthcare customers in key markets in Asia Pacific, as well as globally, building on Amcor’s existing global access to advanced recycled material through ExxonMobil, as well as its recent investment with Licella in Australia. Combined, these partnerships will help Amcor take another important step toward achieving its target of 30% recycled content across its portfolio by 2030.  Circular plastics

“Our ability to deliver more sustainable packaging solutions containing recycled material is increasingly important to customers in all consumer categories,” said Mike Cash, president of Amcor Flexibles Asia Pacific. “These partnerships will help enable Amcor to unlock opportunities for food and healthcare customers to leverage recycled content in their packaging, and will also foster a circular economy by significantly reducing the need for virgin plastic.”

SK Geo Centric CEO Na Kyung-soo said, “We are committed to contributing to a circular economy by expanding the supply chain where pyrolysis oil, produced from end-of-life plastic, can provide recycled content in consumer packaging. Providing Amcor with access to that material is an important step forward.”

SK extracts pyrolysis oil from end-of-life plastic waste that would otherwise be sent to landfill. SK is using post-processing technology the company developed.

This can then replace crude oil as a feedstock for petrochemical processes and subsequently polyethylene to make new sustainable packaging materials for our customers.  Circular plastics


Circular plastics

500ml sparkling drink bottles from The Coca-Cola Company shift to 100% recycled plastic in Canada

The Coca-Cola Company is transitioning all 500ml sparkling beverage bottles sold in Canada into 100% recycled plastic, excluding caps and labels, by early 2024 to save virgin plastic, reduce carbon emissions, and meet its sustainability targets.

The company claims to be the first to launch multiple sparkling beverages in 100% recycled plastic bottle bodies across Canada. Coke Canada Bottling will produce the bottles at its manufacturing facilities in Brampton, Ontario; Calgary, Alberta; Lachine, Quebec; and Richmond, British Columbia.  Circular plastics

All bottles falling under this category will display ‘Recycle Me Again’ messaging to raise awareness and encourage consumers to continue recycling the packaging at end-of-life.

“This means that no virgin PET plastic will be used for our sparkling 500ml bottles under normal circumstances going forward in Canada,” said Kurt Ritter, vice president and general manager, Sustainability, Coca-Cola North America. “We hope that transitioning our 500ml sparkling portfolio to 100% recycled plastic will increase the amount of high-quality, food-grade, recycled plastic available in Canada and, ultimately, enable us to offer more of our brands in this sustainable format.”  Circular plastics

The shift is predicted to save 7.6 million pounds of new plastic in 2024 and cut out almost 7,000 metric tons of CO2 every year, a reduction that The Coca-Cola Company compares to taking 1,500 cars off the road for one year. It also aligns with the company’s World Without Waste goals, in which it aspires to lower its consumption of virgin plastic and utilize at least 50% recycled content in its packaging by 2030.


Circular plastics

World Bank warns oil price could soar to record $150 a barrel

Escalation of Israel-Hamas war into Middle East-wide conflict would disrupt oil supplies and stoke food prices, says Bank

Oil prices could soar to a record high of more than $150 a barrel if the war between Israel and Hamas leads to a repeat of the full-scale conflict in the Middle East witnessed 50 years ago, the World Bank has warned.

In the first major assessment of the economic risks of an escalation of the war beyond Gaza’s borders, the World Bank said there was a risk of the cost of crude entering “uncharted waters”.  Circular plastics

A “large disruption” scenario comparable with the Arab oil boycott of the west in 1973 would create supply shortages that would lead to the price of a barrel of oil increasing from about $90 to between $140 and 157. The previous record – unadjusted for inflation – was $147 a barrel in 2008.

“The latest conflict in the Middle East comes on the heels of the biggest shock to commodity markets since the 1970s – Russia’s war with Ukraine,” said Indermit Gill, the World Bank’s chief economist. “That had disruptive effects on the global economy that persist to this day.

“Policymakers will need to be vigilant. If the conflict were to escalate, the global economy would face a dual energy shock for the first time in decades – not just from the war in Ukraine but also from the Middle East.”

The Bank said in its latest commodity markets outlook that the shock to the global economy would not be confined to energy costs but would also result in hundreds of millions going hungry as a result of higher food prices.

In its assessment, the Bank said the Israel-Hamas war had had little impact on commodity prices so far. Oil prices had risen by about 6%, but agricultural commodities, industrial metals and other commodities had “barely budged”.

It added: “The outlook for commodity prices would darken quickly if the conflict were to escalate.”  Circular plastics

Under the World Bank’s baseline forecast, oil prices will average $90 a barrel in the current quarter before declining to an average of $81 a barrel next year as global economic growth slows. But it also sketched out three alternative paths for oil prices:

  • A “small disruption” scenario, in which the global oil supply would be reduced by 500,000 to 2m barrels a day -roughly equivalent to the reduction seen during the Libyan civil war in 2011. The oil price would rise to a range of $93 to $102 a barrel.


World Bank warns oil price could soar to record $150 a barrel

Closing the loop on bottle caps

Recycler, processor and manufacturer Greenpath Enterprises has partnered with TOMRA Recycling Sorting to install and optimize a plastic flake sorting line designed to identify and separate mixed polyolefin caps from beverage bottles.

“We are at the genesis of creating a sorting system for caps similar to what is more common today for the bottle,” said Eric Olsson, area segment manager, plastics for TOMRA Recycling.  Circular plastics

Operating for more than 25 years, the vertically integrated Greenpath accepts a wide range of materials, and the inbound flow can be somewhat inconsistent. Greenpath creates value being a one-stop solution by accepting mixed trailer loads with variable supply streams and producing consistent, quality products.

“Developing a mechanical sorting process to close the loop for food-grade cap-to-cap recycling by consistently separating mixed polyolefins by polymer and colour with high purity is a game changer,” said Joe Castro, president of Colton, California-based Greenpath.

Considering only the post-consumer polyolefin materials – low-density polyethylene (LDPE), high-density polyethylene (HDPE) and polypropylene (PP) – Greenpath accepts film, rigid plastics and bottle caps. Polypropylene and polyethylene (PE) are together the most abundant plastic family on earth, but the market is limited for valuable applications for mixed polyolefins, according to Olsson.

PE and PP have very close density characteristics and are challenging to separate. So, mixed polyolefins are primarily downcycled into more forgiving applications that allow for more contamination.  Circular plastics

The quest for cap to cap

A beverage container commonly consists of four parts: the bottle, cap or closure, ring and label. A more mature PET recycling infrastructure has led to brand owners incorporating up to 100% PCR material in their bottles.

As regulations increase the percentage of recycled content by weight, the next logical container component to address is the cap. “Following Greenpath’s approach, the industry can move toward a 100% PCR by weight package using only mechanical sortation,” says Olsson.

During the recycling process, bottles, labels, caps and rings are shredded, and a sink-float process is used to separate the PET bottles from the PE and PP caps.

The heavier PET sinks and the lighter polyolefins float and are skimmed off as a secondary byproduct.  Circular plastics


Closing the loop on bottle caps

The Future of Cars: Exploring the Advancements in Polymer Automobile Technology 

The automotive industry is experiencing a revolution, and at the heart of this transformation lies the remarkable advancements in polymer automobile technology. In recent years, there has been a paradigm shift towards the use of polymers, also known as plastics, in various automotive applications. These innovations are set to reshape the future of cars by enhancing performance, reducing environmental impact, and improving safety. This article delves into the exciting world of polymer automobile technology and how it is driving the automotive industry towards a sustainable and dynamic future.


The Rise of Polymers in Automobiles

Lightweighting for Fuel Efficiency

One of the most significant trends in the automotive industry is the pursuit of fuel efficiency. As environmental concerns and stringent regulations regarding emissions continue to shape the industry’s landscape, automakers are turning to polymer materials for solutions.

Polymers offer a remarkable advantage in terms of weight reduction. By replacing traditional metal components with lightweight polymers, vehicles can achieve better fuel economy and reduced emissions.  Circular plastics

In the quest for lightweighting, polymers like carbon fiber-reinforced composites are leading the way. These materials are not only lighter than steel but also possess impressive strength and durability. As a result, the use of polymers in structural components, such as body panels and chassis, is on the rise. This shift towards lightweight materials not only reduces fuel consumption but also enhances handling and overall driving experience.

Electrification and Battery Technology

The electric vehicle (EV) revolution is another driving force behind the adoption of polymer technology. In EVs, battery packs play a crucial role, and their weight directly impacts the vehicle’s range and performance. To optimize the efficiency of batteries, automakers are incorporating lightweight and thermally efficient polymers in battery components.


The Future of Cars: Exploring the Advancements in Polymer Automobile Technology 

Zeppelin Systems and ReOil build tire recycling plant in Poland

In March 2023, Zeppelin Systems launched the Zeppelin Sustainable Tire Alliance to cooperate with international partners on shaping the future of tire production and tire recycling in a more environmentally friendly manner.

One of the members of this technology alliance is the Polish company ReOil, which built Europe’s largest pyrolysis plant for the recycling of old tires in 2015. Since then, ReOil has recycled around 20,000 tons of old tires annually. Zeppelin Systems was awarded the engineering contract for the construction of a second ReOil pyrolysis plant. Construction is scheduled to start in February 2024.

After completion of the gigantic plant, around 60,000 tons of old tires are to be returned to the sustainable circular economy every year.

ReOil, Europe’s largest pyrolysis plant operator, works in the field of raw material recycling. The company uses continuous pyrolysis to break down rubber from old tires into substance such as gas, oil and recovered Carbon Black (rCB). The recycled materials obtained are reused, for example, in the manufacture of textiles, new tires, rubber components, plastics, steel, or aviation fuel. After commissioning in 2015 and initial test runs, ReOil recycled around 70,000 tons of old tires since 2020 to date. Since 2020, the plant has been operating in a process-stable and profitable manner.

With the construction of the new pyrolysis plant, the company has tripled its annual recycling capacity to around 60,000 tons per year. A first-class plant covering an area of around 27 acres, brought to life by technology and engineering solutions from Zeppelin Systems!  Circular plastics


Zeppelin Systems and ReOil build tire recycling plant in Poland

Carbon fiber – New method of recycling carbon fiber shows potential for use in more advanced products 31-10-2023

Circular plastics

Unrecyclable plastics – The Complex Reality of Plastic Recycling: Beyond the Hype 24-10-2023

Unrecyclable plastics

Beijing’s economy is in bad shape

Proof? Xi Jinping today visited the Central Bank of China.

It is the first time this has happened since he came to power 10 years ago – the aim is “to underline the government’s growing attention to supporting the economy”.

Translated: countermeasures are needed to avoid collapseChinese President Xi Jinping today made his first known visit to the Central Bank (PBOC) since coming to power 10 years ago, aiming to underline the government’s growing focus on supporting the economy and financial markets amid stagnant growth and turbulences of various types.
Bloomberg reports this, citing well-informed sources, according to which Xi, together with Vice Prime Minister He Lifeng and other government officials, went to the headquarters of the PBOC and the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (Safe) in the afternoon.

He, according to the same sources, also visited the nation’s sovereign wealth fund.

Unrecyclable plastics

Beijing's economy is in bad shape

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Mura Technology opens advanced recycling facility for ‘unrecyclable’ plastics

Mura Technology is opening its first commercial-scale HydroPRS advanced plastic recycling plant in Teesside, UK, processing ‘unrecyclable’ flexible and rigid mixed plastics into recycled hydrocarbon feedstocks for repeated plastic production.

Located at the Wilton International industrial site, the site reportedly has the capacity to produce 20ktpa of recycled liquid hydrocarbon products and expand its production capacity by over three times its initial size in the future. It is said to have created 150 jobs during its build and commissioning phases and now expects to offer up to 50 direct jobs and a further 100 surrounding related infrastructure to support operations.

The company anticipates that its offtake partners will receive their first delivery of recycled hydrocarbon products from the Teesside facility early next year. Unrecyclable plastics

HydroPRS is a process designed to complement mechanical recycling and produce recycled plastic feedstock to manufacture new plastics, in turn facilitating a circular economy. It makes use of supercritical water, or water under high pressure and temperature, and converts films, pots, tubs, trays, and other post-consumer, multi-layered plastics into stable hydrocarbon feedstocks.

Independent Life Cycle Assessments have been carried out at Teesside and suggest that the process saves 80% of carbon emissions by diverting these ‘unrecyclable’ plastics away from incineration. Apparently, materials can undergo unlimited cycles of the HydroPRS recycling process, which would cut down on single-use plastics and drive circularity within the plastics industry.  Unrecyclable plastics

For every tonne of plastic waste produced, HydroPRS is also said to save up to five barrels of oil and create products with an equivalent or lower Global Warming Potential.

Local mayor Ben Houchen will deliver a speech at the opening of the facility. Also set to attend are Marco ten Bruggencate, commercial VP for EMEA at Dow and President of Plastics Europe; Benny Mermans, vice president of Sustainability at Chevron Phillips Chemical (CPChem); Jinsuk Kim, managing director of LG Chem Europe; Doug Kelly, vice president of Technology at KBR, Mura’s License and Engineering Partner; and Dr Paul Davidson, Director of UK Research & Industry’s Smart Sustainable Plastic Packaging Challenge delivered by Innovate UK.  Unrecyclable plastics

Dr Steve Mahon, CEO of Mura Technology, said: “The opening of our first-of-its-kind, next generation recycling facility is a groundbreaking achievement and the culmination of four years of dedication.

“Our HydroPRS process is unlocking a new market for plastic waste, creating value and keeping both plastic and carbon in circularity. The technology works alongside existing mechanical recycling to ensure no plastic types are considered ‘unrecyclable’ and require incineration or landfilling.

“With support from our partners, the Teesside site will be the first in Mura’s global roll-out, helping in the fight against the plastic pollution and global warming crises and acting as a launchpad for the 1,000,000 tonnes of annual recycling capacity that Mura plans to have in operation and development in this decade.”  Unrecyclable plastics

Partnerships with blue-chip companies like KBR, CPChem, LG Chem, and igus GmbH are helping Mura pursue global scaling for the HydroPRS process. Its collaboration with Dow has resulted in plans to construct a HydroPRS advanced recycling facility in Böhlen, Germany, scheduled to begin operations in 2025.

In similar news, Swedish Plastic Recycling’s Site Zero plant site, which aims to recycle all kinds of plastic packaging without emitting CO2, has scheduled its own grand opening on 15th November 2023. The company expects its opening to commence a ‘new era’ for the recycling of plastics.  Unrecyclable plastics


Unrecyclable plastics

Joint Swiss-German survey finds inflation expected to drop worldwide


  • Though inflation expectations worldwide remain above central banks’ target, a further fall in the expected inflation rate for the rest of this year compared with previous quarters is evident, a Swiss-German survey found.
  • The overall average expected inflation rate this year is 6.2 per cent.
  • High inflation rates worldwide are expected in the coming years.

Though inflation expectations worldwide remain well above central banks’ target, a further decline in the expected inflation rate for the rest of this year compared with previous quarters is evident, according to the Economic Experts Survey (EES) of the Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich (ifo Institute) and the Institute for Swiss Economic Policy.  Unrecyclable plastics

The overall average expected inflation rate this year is 6.2 per cent. This is the median of average expected inflation rates at the country level, ifo Institute said on its website.

Though inflation expectations worldwide remain above central banks’ target, a further fall in the expected inflation rate for the rest of this year compared with previous quarters is evident, a Swiss-German survey found. The overall average expected inflation rate this year is 6.2 per cent. High inflation rates worldwide are expected in the coming years.

The median is used because expected inflation rates vary widely by region, with some dramatically higher in individual countries and regions such as Africa than in the rest of the world.  Unrecyclable plastics

The average rate of 6.2 per cent expected in the current quarter is significantly lower than the expected rate of 7 per cent in the second quarter this year.

Short-term inflation expectations are therefore falling, but remain at a high level worldwide. Experts also expect high inflation rates worldwide in the coming years.

In the long term up to 2026, inflation expectations will also remain high at 4.5 per cent. However, long-term inflation expectations have decreased compared with the results of the previous quarter (4.9 per cent).

Inflation expectations vary widely among the world’s regions. For 2023, experts expect the lowest inflation rates in North America (4.1 per cent).  Unrecyclable plastics


Unrecyclable plastics

Mexico’s Alpek suspends construction at the PTA and PET plant in Texas due to inflationary cost pressure

Mexico-based Alpek, one of the largest petrochemical companies in the Americas, has decided to temporarily suspend construction at its Corpus Christi Polymers (CCP) project in Texas due to rising costs. The decision comes shortly after the announcement of the closure of a filament plant in Mexico due to profitability challenges. Alpex has already obtained consent from its partners for this project for the temporary suspension of construction at the CCP project.  Unrecyclable plastics

The CCP project offers the most efficient and innovative production of polymers such as purified terephthalic acid (PTA), and polyethylene terephthalate (PET). PTA accounts for the majority of the total annual capacity of the project, followed by PET. The project uses innovative processes and products for technical advantages compared to the competing packaging materials in its versatility. The CCP was originally scheduled to commence commercial production in 2025.

Reports said that the construction and labour costs have surpassed the initial expectations due to a sustained period of high inflation. Hence, CCP and its partners decided to pause the project temporarily. The promoter, partners, and financiers are expected to meet in the near future to decide the re-commencement of the construction work and commercial production. Sources said that the project will be adequately preserved to restart construction in the near future.  Unrecyclable plastics

Unrecyclable plastics

The Complex Reality of Plastic Recycling: Beyond the Hype

Plastic recycling has become a buzzword in the global efforts to combat climate change and environmental degradation. Recycling plastics is seen as a sustainable solution that can reduce our dependence on fossil fuels and minimize the environmental footprint of plastic production. However, the reality of plastic recycling is far more complex than it may seem. In this article, we will delve into the multifaceted aspects of plastic recycling, including the challenges faced by small businesses, the complexities of recycled raw materials, and the need for a more nuanced understanding of environmental benefits.
The Cost Challenge
One of the most significant issues in the plastic recycling industry is the cost of recycled raw materials. In many cases, recycled plastics are more expensive than their counterparts derived from fossil fuels. This cost disparity poses a challenge for businesses looking to adopt sustainable practices. Consequently, some brands incorporate negligible quantities of recycled materials to maintain an image of sustainability while keeping their costs low.  Unrecyclable plastics
It’s important to understand that the cost of recycling involves various factors, including collection, sorting, cleaning, and reprocessing. These additional steps in the recycling process contribute to the higher costs. Small businesses, in particular, often struggle to absorb these extra expenses, leading to a situation where only large corporations with substantial resources can invest in sustainable practices.
Exceptions in the Automobile and Other Sectors
While the use of recycled plastics is cost-prohibitive for many industries, some exceptions exist. The automobile industry, for instance, has made significant strides in incorporating recycled materials into their products. This is largely attributed to the innovative practices of large automotive manufacturers. However, these exceptions are not widespread and are primarily driven by the significant financial resources available to large corporations.
For small businesses that produce high-quality products, the financial barriers can be insurmountable. Many of them find themselves caught between wanting to make sustainable choices and struggling to compete with larger competitors who can absorb the additional costs of using recycled materials.  Unrecyclable plastics
The Market for Low-Performance Recycled Raw Materials
There is indeed a market for recycled raw materials with lower performance attributes, but profitability is often elusive. These materials may find applications in less demanding industries or in products where performance is not a critical factor. However, the market for this materials have a fierce competition .
To make recycled raw materials more attractive, it is essential to develop innovative ways to enhance their performance and durability. Only then can they compete more effectively with their virgin material counterparts and gain a broader foothold in various industries.
The Nuances of Environmental Benefits
When discussing the environmental benefits of using recycled materials, it’s important to consider the full picture. While it is true that recycling plastics can significantly reduce carbon emissions, these reductions can sometimes be exaggerated. This is often due to the omission of certain secondary factors or the failure to account for differences in recycled and virgin materials.  Unrecyclable plastics
For instance, the carbon emissions associated with the transportation of recycled materials, additional energy requirements in the recycling process, and the carbon footprint of collecting and transporting plastic waste are factors that can affect the overall environmental impact. While recycling remains an environmentally beneficial practice, a more nuanced and comprehensive assessment is needed to provide an accurate representation of its advantages.
Plastic recycling is a crucial component of our collective efforts to mitigate the environmental impact of plastic production. However, it is essential to acknowledge the multifaceted challenges that exist within the industry. The cost disparity between recycled and virgin materials, the exceptions in industries like automotive and the nuanced assessment of environmental benefits all underscore the complexity of plastic recycling.
Small businesses that aim to embrace sustainability may find themselves at a disadvantage, given the financial barriers associated with adopting recycled materials. This highlights the need for more accessible and cost-effective recycling solutions for all businesses.  Unrecyclable plastics
Furthermore, a transparent and comprehensive evaluation of the environmental benefits of recycling is vital to ensure that the advantages are accurately represented. By addressing these challenges and promoting innovation in the recycling industry, we can move closer to a more sustainable and eco.
The Complex Reality of Plastic Recycling: Beyond the Hype

InnoVent Renewables Launches a Solution to Global Waste Tire Challenge

Exclusive technology converts tires into valuable fuels & chemicals

InnoVent Renewables announces its formation with a corporate mission to drive renewable energy forward by mitigating the global environmental challenge of waste tires. InnoVent Renewables launched as a U.S.-based technology and operations company with a proprietary continuous pyrolysis technology that converts waste tires, plastics, and biomass into valuable fuels and chemicals.  Unrecyclable plastics

Each year more than 1 billion tires are disposed of globally, and North America alone disposes of 100+ million tires annually.  Decomposition of tires is slower than other waste resulting in a serious health hazard (mosquitos, pests, water borne diseases, and chemical leaching into soil); and burning tires in pits or cement kilns is far more hazardous as it emits toxic emissions in the air. The exclusive pyrolysis technology is unique in that it’s continuous, which is a much higher efficiency compared to batch processing. It utilizes the gas to preheat the tires, thereby making it a Net Zero energy process. During the process valuable chemicals are recovered from the products, producing high quality fuels.

“We are thrilled to formally launch InnoVent Renewables and plan to ramp-up operations into early 2024,” noted InnoVent Renewables CEO Vibhu Sharma. “Our investors, strategic advisors, and management team are all fully committed to our success as we address the global challenge of waste tires.  Unrecyclable plastics

We firmly believe our proven process, deployed at scale globally, will have a huge positive impact on our climate and fill a clear environment need.”

With a solution to this environmental challenge, InnoVent has assembled a team of world class executives each with more than 25 years of energy and chemical industry experience to drive early-stage growth. With current operations in Houston (USA), Pune (India), and Monterrey (Mexico), the company has aggressive growth plans across North America and Latin America, with future expansion opportunities in Europe, the Middle East, and Asia-PacificUnrecyclable plastics


InnoVent Renewables Launches a Solution to Global Waste Tire Challenge

Flexible packaging materials get cheaper, but still above 2020 levels

A new report from Flexible Packaging Europe reveals that the prices of flexible packaging materials have fallen more in the third quarter of 2023, but they are still higher than before the crisis.

The report, based on a survey by the European association, shows that the prices have been dropping since the start of the year, after reaching a record high last year.

However, they have not yet returned to the levels of the fourth quarter of 2020, which is the baseline for comparison.  Unrecyclable plastics

The report says that most prices went down by 10% to 20% in the third quarter, compared to the second quarter.

For example, HDPE and LDPE prices went down by 10% and 14%, and ended the quarter with a price index of 125 and 131, respectively.

The index was 100 in the fourth quarter of 2020.

Some prices decreased less than others.

The price of sixty gram single-coated glossy paper went down by 7% and reached 140, while the price of 15 micron BOPA film went down by 8% and reached 124.

The price of 20 micron BOPP film went down by 11% and reached 113, which is close to the original price.   Unrecyclable plastics

The price of 12 micron PET film only went down by 4% and reached 136. David Buckby, a senior analyst at Wood Mackenzie, thinks that the prices are falling because of low orders, low demand from some European customers, and low stocks.

He also says that some markets have too much production capacity, which was increased a lot in the past years. Buckby says that some prices may keep falling in the fourth quarter, but some products may become more stable.

Guido Aufdenkamp (in the photo), the executive director of FPE, says that the future is unclear: “Many customers do not want to buy packaged foods and there are too many stocks in the supply chain.  Unrecyclable plastics

This makes the demand for flexible packaging low in the short term”. He also says that inflation is going down, but not as fast as some people expected.

He reminds that even though these big drops in prices are good for reducing inflation, the prices of flexible materials are still much higher than before Covid and they change a lot. He says that this makes their customers and suppliers very careful, but they hope that demand will increase in 2024.

Flexible packaging materials get cheaper, but still above 2020 levels

What happens to waste tire after pyrolysis?

Pyrolysis is a thermochemical process that involves the decomposition of organic materials, such as waste tire, in the absence of oxygen and at high temperatures. During this process, the tire waste is heated in a controlled environment, leading to the breakdown of its chemical structure.
Stages of Pyrolysis:
Pyrolysis of waste tire can be divided into three main stages:
1. Preheating:
The waste tire is initially heated gradually to a specific temperature range, typically between 300 to 400 degrees Celsius.

This preheating stage helps to evaporate any moisture present in the waste tire and prepare it for further decomposition.  Unrecyclable plastics
2. Pyrolysis or Decomposition:
Once the waste tire reaches the desired temperature, pyrolysis occurs. At this stage, the long chains of polymers in the waste tire break down into smaller molecules, including oil-gases and solids.
3. Condensation and Collection:
After the pyrolysis process, the oil-gas products are usually cooled rapidly by the cooling system(DOING waste tire pyrolysis system has a multi cooling system with high oil yield), causing them to condense into liquid oil and gas. The solid can be discharged from the pyrolysis reactor. These products are then collected and subjected to sell or further process.
– Gaseous Products: Various hydrocarbon and volatile gases, such as methane, ethane, propane, and butane, are released as byproducts of pyrolysis. These gases can be used as sources of energy or further processed for pyrolysis reactor heating or other applications.
– Liquid Products: The decomposition of waste tire results in the formation of a liquid product known as pyrolysis oil or pyrolysis liquid. This oil is rich in hydrocarbons and can be used for industrial plants heating. Or it can be refined by the pyrolysis oil distillation machines to diesel and for agricultural machinery.


What happens to waste tire after pyrolysis?

Packaging films – Oil drops after Hamas releases US hostages : will it continue to go down? 23-10-2023

Unrecyclable plastics

Packaging films – Oil drops after Hamas releases US hostages : will it continue to go down? 23-10-2023

Packaging films

Petrochemicals chip – Panel for Sustainable Future in Textile in Gaziantep


Packaging films

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Oil drops after Hamas releases US hostages

• Summary
• Oil prices drop on Friday but gain over 1% for the week
• Hamas releases two US hostages in Gaza
• Earlier, Israeli minister said troops to see Gaza ‘from inside’
• Global oil market already faces supply concerns
Oil prices settled lower on Friday after the Islamist group Hamas released two U.S. hostages from Gaza, leading to hopes the Israeli-Palestinian crisis could de-escalate without engulfing the rest of the Middle East region and disrupting oil supplies.
Brent crude futures fell 22 cents, or 0.2%, to settle at $92.16 a barrel.
U.S. West Texas Intermediate crude futures for November delivery , which expired after settlement on Friday, fell 62 cents, or 0.7%, to $88.75 a barrel. The more-active December WTI contract closed 29 cents lower at $88.08 a barrel.
Hamas’ armed wing released two U.S. hostages from Gaza – a mother and her daughter – “for humanitarian reasons” in response to Qatari mediation efforts in the war with Israel, its spokesman Abu Ubaida said on Friday.  Packaging films
“The report took some of the risk premium out of the market,” said Phil Flynn, analyst at Price Futures Group. “The market went from starting the day with little hope and went to possible signs that there may be some way out of this crisis.”
Both contracts had gained more than a dollar per barrel during the session on signs of escalation of the conflict. For the week, both front-month contracts rose over 1%, a second straight weekly jump.
On Thursday, Israeli Defence Minister Yoav Gallant told troops at the Gaza border they would soon see the Palestinian enclave “from inside,” and the Pentagon said the U.S. had intercepted missiles fired from Yemen toward Israel.  Packaging films
“The Middle East remains a big focus of the market because of fears of a region-wide conflict that would likely involve a disruption of oil supplies,” said John Kilduff, a partner at New York-based Again Capital.
Supply disruptions may be less likely now, Kilduff added, but “the market cannot ignore it – especially heading into the weekend when things could change rapidly and there will be no trading.”
Also supporting prices were forecasts of a tightening market in the fourth quarter after top producers Saudi Arabia and Russia extended supply cuts to year end.
Large inventory draws, mostly in the U.S., support the thesis of an undersupplied market, UBS analyst Giovanni  Packaging films
Packaging films

“The Complex Nexus of Energy Transition: Lithium, Cobalt, Hydrogen”

The quest for achieving decarbonization and the energy transition presents a myriad of challenges. Are the essential raw materials readily available to support a fully electric mobility landscape? Will their extraction and utilization prove to be environmentally favorable? And is it economically viable for the industry? These are the inquiries that have long preoccupied global policymakers and major automotive conglomerates.

From the 22nd to the 25th of October, experts and professionals from diverse sectors convened in Palermo for the second iteration of the E2DT congress – Energy, Environment, and Digital Transition. This event was organized by the Italian Association of Chemical Engineering (AIDIC) with the endorsement of the European Federation of Chemical Engineering (EFCE).  Packaging films

When we speak of energy and environmental transition, we typically refer to the shift from fossil fuel-based energy production to renewable resources. This path, as reiterated by analysts and companies, is neither straightforward nor devoid of costs. This transition necessarily unfolds within the realm of political choices, as exemplified by the European Commission’s recent stance on internal combustion engines. This stance has ignited a robust debate encompassing contrasting perspectives: those advocating for a swift farewell to fossil fuels, those advocating for a gradual shift, and those who argue that the current level of technological innovation permits a balanced compromise between environmental protection, industrial costs, and raw material availability.

“To this end, it is imperative that unbiased and scientifically sound information be accessible to decision-makers and regulators so that legislative changes are not influenced by partisan views,” underscores Giuseppe Ricci, President of AIDIC.

Additionally, digitalization assumes a pivotal role in this transition by expediting transformation processes.

Energy and production systems are increasingly becoming interconnected, intelligent, and efficient, equipped with self-learning capabilities, with profound implications for the labor landscape and, consequently, society.  Packaging films

This challenge is global in scope. Recent developments in various parts of the world underscore this fact. Ghana, for instance, has inked an agreement with the Australian conglomerate Atlantic Lithium Ltd for the exploitation of a substantial lithium deposit, a key raw material in the spotlight. In a shift to South America, Chile is contemplating nationalizing its lithium reserves. Across Asia, China, which already holds a central position in the availability, exploitation, and processing of critical raw materials, has recently reached an accord to exploit lithium deposits in Afghanistan. In many regions of Europe, including France, Italy, and Scandinavia, searches are underway to identify potential sites for resource extraction. Simultaneously, the United Kingdom has postponed its ban on internal combustion engines from 2030 to 2035.  Packaging films

A significant portion of Europe’s concerns stems from its status as primarily a consumer of materials essential to bolster the energy transition. It heavily relies on China and, to some extent, the United States for these resources. Furthermore, many of the fundamental elements required for electric batteries are sourced from politically unstable regions. Thus, the geopolitical aspect is far from inconsequential in the context of the energy transition.

AIDIC has crafted numerous position papers on critical metals, summarizing the primary challenges at hand. Batteries, for instance, impact not only electric mobility but also an array of everyday devices and objects, while simultaneously influencing the efficiency of renewable energy sources with their storage systems.  Packaging films

Ricci cites a well-known study by the International Energy Agency (IEA) that zeroes in on batteries. This study reveals that, on average, an electric vehicle battery weighs approximately 206 kg and comprises a variety of metals, with graphite, copper, nickel, manganese, cobalt, lithium, and chromium being the most significant. When comparing the weight of individual materials used in batteries to the number of vehicles in circulation across Europe and worldwide, and then contrasting this with the availability of raw materials, it becomes evident that the critical issue revolves around cobalt and nickel. In an extreme scenario, there might not be enough cobalt to support a fully global fleet of electric vehicles.  Packaging films

Packaging films

Hellweg defies odds, sees major sales increase

This year has been tough for a lot of plastic recyclers. Recycled resin prices have been under severe downward pressure for months because of persistent weak demand, competition from the falling cost of virgin plastics and cheaper imports from Asia.

On the show floor at Fakuma, there are some reports of double-digit percentage drops in sales for recycling machinery. But there are also surprisingly positive reports, with some companies saying they have not seen a drop in sales or have, even, experienced increased sales.  Packaging films

Chief among them is perhaps Hellweg Maschinenbau, whose managing director, Mark Hellweg, gleefully said the company will have increased its output by 30 to 50 percent by the end of 2023 after already boosting sales by 50 percent in 2022.

“The first day at Fakuma was really good,” Hellweg said. “We had conversations throughout the entire day. For me, it was a very good day, like a very good Fakuma. So, I don’t see any negative impact right now. I don’t see it, and I don’t feel it. People were a little bit nervous during the last month. I have also seen that in our customers. But yesterday I had no chance to feel it here. Optimism what all I was met with yesterday.”

At the core of Hellweg’s success is the new MDSGi 1500/600 wet grinder, which it is unveiling and starting to sell at Fakuma. The machine has been under development for the past three years after Repetco contacted Hellweg and was “absolutely impressed” with the results of the grinding tests, Hellweg said.  Packaging films

The Spain-based new entrant to the recycling of PET/polyethylene multilayer packaging ordered four prototypes that have been in operation 24/7 since the beginning of the year. Even though Hellweg only just started commercialization at Fakuma, it already received six orders for the rest of the year, and another eight are booked for 2024.

The new wet grinder uses low-power motors rated from 45 kW to 110 kW, which enable previously unattained low power consumption of just 70 kWh to 90 kWh, a huge advantage during the current high electricity price market. Forced feed of PET, polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, PVC, polycarbonate, polylactic acid or PE films using a tamping screw ensures long-term, trouble-free operation even with contaminated input materials, achieving a throughput of up to 5 tonnes of film per hour.

Mark Hellweg of Hellweg Maschinenbau says his recycling machinery company has increased its sales while other firms saw drops in demand.

The MDSG 1500/600 W model is the first to be commercially available, with MDSG 600/600 W and MDSG 600/300 W versions to follow. The first number in the model’s name denotes the working width of 600 mm or 1500 mm, while the second number refers to the diameter of the rotors, 300 mm or 600 mm.  Packaging films

Depending on the model, the grinders are fitted with five or seven rotary blades plus two or three static blades. These blades use Hellweg’s double scissor-cut technology, in use in its machines for the past 25 years. These are key to the success of the new grinder, setting a benchmark in terms of cut quality and dust-free operation. They ensure a constant cutting gap and require no adjustment of the rotary blades.

Hellweg defies odds, sees major sales increase

Evonik to develop precious metal catalysts and technology with Hydrogenious LOHC Technologies

Evonik Industries has completed the relocation and expansion of its precious metal powder catalyst plant in Shanghai Chemical Industrial Park (SCIP). Production is scheduled to commence in Q4, 2023.

  • Evonik to produce precious metal catalysts tailored to Hydrogenious’ LOHC (liquid organic hydrogen carriers) technology
  • Technology will be jointly commercialized and targets green hydrogen for mobile applications
  • Catalysts for pilot plants and commercial units expected to be available 2026

Evonik has signed an agreement to develop, scale up and produce proprietary fixed bed catalysts for mobile applications of Hydrogenious LOHC Technologies’ proprietary liquid organic hydrogen carrier (LOHC) technology based on benzyl toluene (BT).

The safe, cost-efficient and flexible process chemically binds hydrogen synthesized by sustainable energy to the LOHC-BT, which then is transported to the off-taker site where the hydrogen is released for industrial or consumer use – or in the mobile application released on board to power propulsion units.  Packaging films

“We are committed to bringing our expertise in catalysis to jointly develop processes with the Hydrogenious team, that will help to transform the industry from fossil-based to sustainable feedstock,” said Michael Frey, Head of Product Line Polyolefin and Continuous Process Catalysts, at Evonik.

“When transporting hydrogen over long distances, liquid organic carriers play a particularly important role. To overcome catalytical challenges associated with the use of onboard applications, customization – based on extensive and proven experience – is required,” he added.  Packaging films

Hydrogenious’ LOHC process uses benzyl toluene as carrier material, boasting competitive safety and economic advantages. The thermal oil – which is loaded with hydrogen – is hardly flammable and non-explosive, with a risk potential comparable to diesel fuel. It can be stored at ambient temperatures and pressure, has a competitive storage density level, and is reusable as a hydrogen carrier hundreds of times.

“The flexibility and scalability of our LOHC technology accelerates the ramp-up of the hydrogen economy because we can leverage the existing liquid fuel infrastructure,” said Dr Caspar Paetz, Chief Technology Officer (CTO) of Hydrogenious LOHC Technologies.

“We are happy to work with Evonik to further improve our technology – their expertise in tailoring catalysts to specific needs is an essential part of the development process,” he added.

Catalysts for pilot plants and commercial units are expected to be available from 2026 onwards.  Packaging films


Evonik to develop precious metal catalysts and technology with Hydrogenious LOHC Technologies

Novel packaging films and textiles with tailored end of life and performance based on bio-based copolymers and coatings

Novel bio-based food packaging supports home composting and recycling

Innovative formulations have fostered a circular economy for polylactic acid, a bioplastic made from plant starch that was challenged by end-of-life issues.

Plastic packaging, largely for foods and beverages, has become ubiquitous. It is low-cost and lightweight, with essential barrier properties that protect products meant for human consumption. About a third of plastics are produced for packaging and approximately 85 % of this ends up in landfills or as unregulated waste. Polylactic acid (PLA), a bio-based and biodegradable plastic, has relieved the food packaging sector’s dependence on fossil fuel raw materials and requires less energy to produce. However, it cannot be recycled with other plastics and is degradable only under harsh industrial conditions. With funding from the Bio-based Industries Joint Undertaking, a public-private partnership between the EU and industry, the BIOnTop project aimed to address these end-of-life (EoL) challenges and foster a circular economy for sustainable PLA.  Packaging films

Conventional barriers in plastic and textile packaging

Food packaging plastics are often multi-layer, multi-material structures that are difficult to process and recycle at EoL. PLA is a bio-based plastic made from fermented sugars or plant starch. Although compostable under industrial conditions, it can take several weeks or more to decompose, with significant energy and water input. Most PLA ends up in landfill where it can take hundreds of years to decompose. According to Rafael Alonso of project coordinating entity AIMPLAS: “When it comes to textiles like tea bags, most coatings are not bio-based. As with multi-material plastic packaging, they are different from the fibres they coat, again making organic recycling extremely difficult.”

PLA-based compounds with technical and environmental appeal

The project combined several technologies to ensure properties required for packaging while enabling EoL options that are currently not possible for available materials, under controlled waste management scenarios. The team used sustainably sourced feedstocks, additives and fillers to formulate new PLA-based materials from close to 100 % bio-based feedstock. These reduce the carbon footprint and open the door to better EoL recycling opportunities including more eco-friendly mechanical recycling and industrial composting as well as home composting.  Packaging films

“BIOnTop developed novel tailor-made biocomposites and copolymers integrating bio-based diacids with lactic acid, enabling a breakthrough in their biodegradation behaviour in mild conditions. We also enhanced the barrier properties of delivered biopackaging trays, films and derived packaging using removable protein-based coatings and a novel fatty acid grafting technology to decrease permeability and compete with fossil fuel-based packaging,” Alonso explains.


Novel packaging films and textiles with tailored end of life and performance based on bio-based copolymers and coatings

China and India struggle to curb fossil fuels: Kemp

China and India are burning record amounts of fossil fuels this year, even as they also install record renewable power generation capacity, highlighting the slow pace and enormous inertia to be overcome in the energy transition.

Both countries are experiencing rapid growth in energy use for services such as air conditioning, heating, cooking, lighting, power and transport as they try to raise living standards closer to those in the advanced economies.

Growing demand for energy services is so vast fossil fuels and renewable energy sources are acting as complements rather than substitutes, ensuring consumption from both is increasing simultaneously. Packaging films

In effect, both countries are pursuing an “all of the above” approach to economic development and energy security, similar to the one advocated by then-U.S. President Barack Obama in his state-of-the-union address in 2014.


In every historical case, the transition from a pre-modern agricultural economy to a modern urban and industrial one has been accompanied by a huge increase in the consumption of energy.

Increased consumption provides more labour saving, higher wages, more comfort, more entertainment and more opportunity for travel to visit family and see the world.

If they follow the usual pattern, both China and India are likely to consume a lot more energy services in the next few decades as their populations aspire to reach the same living standards as North America and Europe.  Packaging films

Chartbook: China and energy consumption

In 2022, the populations of China (1.43 billion) and India (1.42 billion) were each similar to the total for countries in the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) (1.38 billion).

But total primary energy consumption in China (159 exajoules) and India (36 exajoules) was far lower than in the OECD (234 exajoules).²

Each person in China consumed only 66% of the energy as their counterparts in the OECD and in India the figure was just 15%.

Even that overstates the consumption of energy services locally since both countries and especially China export a high proportion of their energy-intensive manufactured output to the OECD.  Packaging films

Continued modernisation means both countries will use a lot more energy – making an “all of the above” strategy imperative for policymakers.


In the OECD, total energy consumption has been essentially flat since 2007, so growing production from renewables and especially gas has displaced coal and to a lesser extent oil.

Renewables (and gas) have been substitutes for fossil fuels such as coal and oil enabling a significant reduction in greenhouse emissions.  Packaging films

But total energy consumption has continued to grow rapidly in China (by an average of 3.1% per year in the last decade) and India (3.8% per year).

Renewables (and gas) have served as complements to other fossil fuels – ensuring energy remains affordable and reliable even as consumption increases significantly.

China and India’s current trajectory for energy consumption looks a lot like the United States or Western Europe between the 1950s and 1970s, a period of rapid growth in economic output, living standards and energy use.

In the Euro-Atlantic economies, rapid growth in total energy demand created a need for more energy from all sources; consumption from older sources continued to rise in absolute terms even as its share was reduced relatively.  Packaging films


China and India struggle to curb fossil fuels: Kemp

PET bottle waste – How Flexible Packaging Benefits from Today’s Corona Treatment 21-10-2023

Packaging films

Plastic Pyrolysis Oil – Microban Launches Ascera™: A Patent-Pending, Cutting-Edge Antimicrobial Technology Inspired By Nature 06-10-2023

Plastic Pyrolysis Oil

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Pyrolysis Oil Pricing Indexes: Shaping the Future of Plastic Waste Recycling

In the ongoing battle against plastic waste, the need for reliable pricing indicators has become more critical than ever. In a significant development, ICIS, a renowned consulting firm known for its expertise in tracking prices of virgin and recycled plastics and other chemical commodities, has unveiled a groundbreaking service known as the Pyrolysis Oil Pricing Indexes. This innovative index aims to shed light on the pricing dynamics of pyrolysis oil, a product obtained through the chemical recycling of waste plastics. The Pyrolysis Oil Pricing Indexes will be seamlessly integrated into the existing Mixed Plastic Waste – Europe report, introduced in 2021, leading to a name change for the report itself: it will now be known as Mixed Plastic Waste and Pyrolysis Oil.

The existing Mixed Plastic Waste pricing service has already been instrumental in capturing the prices of mixed polyolefin bales and high-plastic-content waste bales, two key sources from which pyrolysis oil is derived.  Plastic Pyrolysis Oil

With the addition of pyrolysis oil pricing data, this comprehensive index will cover the pricing trends and market dynamics of the two primary methods of plastic waste recycling: mechanical and chemical recycling.

One significant aspect highlighted by ICIS is that pyrolysis oil prices do not necessarily follow the trends observed in equivalent virgin feedstocks. This divergence underscores the unique nature of this emerging market, where reliable and independent price indicators have been notably absent.

As per ICIS Recycling Supply Tracker – Chemical, waste plastic pyrolysis plants, particularly those focused on mixed polyolefins, currently constitute approximately 60% of all chemical recycling capacity in Europe. This sector is poised for remarkable growth, with European capacity projected to increase nearly sevenfold by 2028, reaching approximately 600,000 tons annually based on projects that have reached the final investment decision (FID) stage.  Plastic Pyrolysis Oil

Moreover, when considering projects that are still in the announcement phase but have not yet reached FID, the total capacity for pyrolysis of mixed plastic waste could potentially reach a staggering 1.7 million tons annually within the next five years. This forecast demonstrates the immense potential of chemical recycling in addressing the plastic waste crisis and transforming waste materials into valuable resources.

The introduction of the Pyrolysis Oil Pricing Indexes is a pivotal moment in the field of plastic waste recycling. By providing accurate and up-to-date pricing information for pyrolysis oil, ICIS is empowering stakeholders across the industry with the data they need to make informed decisions. This includes recyclers, manufacturers, investors, policymakers, and environmental advocates who are all dedicated to creating a sustainable future by reducing plastic waste.  Plastic Pyrolysis Oil

One of the key advantages of the index is its ability to bridge a significant gap in the market. Unlike traditional recycling practices, which often rely on mechanical processes, pyrolysis represents a chemical recycling method. This means that it can handle a wider range of plastics, including those that are challenging to recycle mechanically. Pyrolysis offers a pathway to recycle mixed and contaminated plastics effectively, helping to divert more waste from landfills and incineration.

Additionally, the Pyrolysis Oil Pricing Indexes will promote transparency and stability in the pyrolysis oil market. This is crucial for the industry’s long-term growth and the development of a circular economy for plastics. Transparent pricing mechanisms encourage investment, innovation, and the adoption of sustainable practices, further driving the transition away from linear, disposable plastic consumption.  Plastic Pyrolysis Oil

As the demand for sustainable solutions to plastic waste continues to grow, the Pyrolysis Oil Pricing Indexes will serve as an invaluable tool for tracking market trends, evaluating investment opportunities, and shaping the future of plastic waste recycling. Its integration into the Mixed Plastic Waste – Europe report underscores the importance of pyrolysis oil as a key component in the evolving landscape of plastic recycling.

In conclusion, ICIS’s launch of the Pyrolysis Oil Pricing Indexes is a significant step forward in addressing the global plastic waste crisis. With the capacity of pyrolysis recycling set to soar in the coming years, the need for accurate and independent pricing information is paramount. This index not only fills that gap but also heralds a new era in the recycling industry, where the transformation of plastic waste into valuable resources is guided by data-driven insights and sustainability principles.  Plastic Pyrolysis Oil

Plastic Pyrolysis Oil

Wood and OMV sign collaboration agreement for plastic recycling technology

Wood has signed a collaboration agreement with OMV for the commercial licensing of its innovative plastic recycling technology, ReOil®. This agreement will support significant advancements in chemical-based plastic recycling, helping to build a circular economy solution for end-of-life plastics that would otherwise be sent to landfill or waste incineration.

OMV, the integrated energy, fuels & feedstock and chemicals & materials company, developed the proprietary ReOil technology to convert plastic waste into pyrolysis oil, a valuable resource primarily used to produce high-performing and sustainable plastics. ReOil offers an innovative solution to support the growth of plastic recycling – it is estimated that around 60% of plastics production will come from recycled feedstock by 2050.  Plastic Pyrolysis Oil

Under the agreement, Wood and OMV will bring ReOil jointly to the market, combining Wood’s proprietary heater technology with OMV’s chemical recycling process. The companies have established a combined technology and engineering delivery team to support clients with the implementation of ReOil at their sites. In addition, Wood will work with ReOil licensees to provide full asset lifecycle support globally.

Craig Shanaghey, Wood’s Executive President of Projects, said: “Building on our excellent long-term relationship with OMV, we are excited to formally partner on the ReOil technology. ReOil is a proven solution to the complex problem of plastic waste and aligns with Wood’s strategic priorities to design a more sustainable future. We look forward to working with OMV to deploy this technology at scale.”  Plastic Pyrolysis Oil

Daniela Vlad, Executive Vice President Chemicals & Materials at OMV, said: “We are delighted to enter this long-term relationship with Wood to provide a licensing offer which will further enable global licensees to make use of future circular economy solutions. This is in line with our strategic priorities to establish OMV as a leader in renewable and circular economy solutions and diversify our portfolio by entering adjacent products and business areas.”

A ReOil pilot plant has been operating in the OMV refinery in Schwechat, Austria since 2018 and has processed end-of-life plastics for more than 22,000 hours to date. A 16,000 tons per year ReOil plant is currently in construction at the same site and Wood is working with OMV on the development of an industrial-scale plant with a capacity of 200,000 tons per year.  Plastic Pyrolysis Oil


Plastic Pyrolysis Oil

Arçelik – Bio-attributed polystyrene in the refrigerator

In its commitment to sustainability in the use of plastics, the Turkish appliance manufacturer Arçelik (part of the Koç group) has chosen to use polystyrene grades obtained from biobased raw materials, attributed by mass balance, for some components of its innovative latest generation Bio Fridge refrigerators, such as the internal linings and drawers.
This bio-attributed styrenic resin maintains the same properties and characteristics of its conventional counterpart, being indistinguishable from it, but offers a significant advantage in terms of reducing the carbon footprint. The attribution of renewable raw materials, starting from styrene, and their traceability along the production chain are guaranteed by an ISCC Plus certified mass balance.  Plastic Pyrolysis Oil
Trinseo launched two years ago the Styron BIO85 HIPS and Styron BIO95 GPPS grades, produced with bio-attributed styrene, which boast a reduction in product carbon footprint (PCF) of 71% and 84% compared to variants obtained from fossil sources.
Arçelik has made a commitment to achieve a percentage of 40% recycled plastic and 5% bio-attributed materials in all its products by 2030, thus demonstrating its commitment to environmental sustainability.
Plastic Pyrolysis Oil

Eni’s record discovery: a field of 140 billion cubic meters of gas in Indonesia

Eni has identified a significant gas field in Indonesia, located approximately 85 kilometers off the coast of Kalimantan. This discovery confirms the crucial importance of methane in the context of the energy transition.

Initial estimates indicate that the field, identified by the Geng North-1 well, drilled to a depth of 5,025 meters in 1,947 meters of water depth, in the North Ganal license, has total volumes of approximately 140 billion cubic meters of gas and contains approximately 400 million barrels of condensates.
Eni’s CEO, Claudio Descalzi, speaking to CNBC, underlined that gas remains fundamental to meeting ever-growing energy demand, highlighting its importance in several regions such as China, India and Europe.  Plastic Pyrolysis Oil

He defined the discovery of Geng North as “strategic”, given its proximity to growing markets and its position close to structures already discovered in the past, allowing to consider the start of a new production hub.
Geng North, given its location and size, has the potential to significantly contribute to a new production hub in the northern part of the Kutei Basin, connecting to the Bontang liquefaction (LNG) sites on the East Kalimantan coast.

The Geng North well is adjacent to the Indonesia Deepwater Development (IDD) area, which includes several undeveloped discoveries.

Eni’s goal is to achieve a production mix of 60% gas and liquefied natural gas (LNG) by 2030, with an increase in proprietary LNG production.

By that date, installed renewable energy capacity is expected to exceed 15 gigawatts through the Plenitude project.

This year, capacity will reach 3 gigawatts.  Plastic Pyrolysis Oil Plastic Pyrolysis Oil

Recycling CO2 to produce methanol

A question of balance

Reducing global Greenhouse Gases emissions to net zero by 2050 increasingly hangs on our ability to make a significant change in our relationship with CO2. Perhaps the most critical component of the global economy, until now, we have treated it as a waste stream and discarded it in the atmosphere. For the world to end its reliance on fossil fuels, CO2 must instead be treated as a precious resource that we re-cycle and reuse. Carbon will continue to be needed to support human progress, but we must manage it within a closed loop system to make it sustainable.  Plastic Pyrolysis Oil

Since 2006 CRI has pioneered the development of the technology required to produce sustainable methanol from carbon emissions and is rolling it out to help partners achieve industrial scale Carbon Capture Utilisation and Storage (CCUS) projects.

Capturing CO2 emissions, combining them with green or recovered H2 to produce methanol and feeding them back into our industrial processes as a renewable energy source and feed stock, provides an accelerated path toward a Circular Economy.

Renewable methanol enables a rapidly growing proportion of the global economy to become carbon neutral using existing processes and infrastructures, by enabling collaboration between different sectors to reduce overall CO2 emissions.

In China, a CO2-producing industry is supplying carbon neutral methanol as raw material for chemical production, instead of emitting.  Plastic Pyrolysis Oil

In Scandinavia a CO2-producing smelter will soon supply clean burning fuel for maritime transport.

The carbon dioxide challenge

Compared with the pre-industrial era, levels of CO2 in our atmosphere are now 50% higher and still rising. The first 25% of that increase took 200 years, but it has taken only 30 years to double. The primary cause of that increase is our dependence on fossil fuels as an energy source.

The consequence of this sharp rise is going to be global warming and the current levels of CO2 already represent an unavoidable temperature rise, accompanied by environmental effects such as rising sea levels.  Plastic Pyrolysis Oil


Recycling CO2 to produce methanol

Repsol selects Honeywell technology for biofuel production in Spain

Honeywell International Inc. (Charlotte, N.C.) announced that Repsol S.A. (Madrid, Spain) has licensed Honeywell Ecofining technology to produce renewable fuels from feedstocks such as used cooking oil and waste animal fat at Repsol’s facility in Puertollano, Spain. Repsol is designing this plant to convert approximately 240,000 metric tons per year (m.t./yr) of waste feeds/feedstocks to renewable diesel and other products.

The Honeywell UOP Ecofining process will provide Repsol with an efficient and high yield solution to produce renewable fuels and petrochemical precursors from residual feedstocks.  Plastic Pyrolysis Oil

“Renewable fuels are a key pillar in our commitment to achieve net zero emissions by 2050 and Honeywell is providing us with the cutting-edge Ecofining technology to accomplish this,” said Berta Cabello, Repsol’s Director of Renewable Fuels. “This will be Repsol’s second plant exclusively dedicated to producing 100% renewable fuels, allowing us to lead the market for these products in the Iberian Peninsula where we already have more than 20 service stations supplying 100% renewable diesel.”

“Honeywell’s Ecofining technology will allow Repsol to economically convert waste feeds into renewable fuels and reduce its carbon footprint,” said Barry Glickman, vice president and general manager, Honeywell Sustainable Technology Solutions. “Renewable Diesel and SAF can significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions compared to conventional diesel or aviation fuel.”    Plastic Pyrolysis Oil


Repsol selects Honeywell technology for biofuel production in Spain

Microban Launches Ascera™: A Patent-Pending, Cutting-Edge Antimicrobial Technology Inspired By Nature

Microban International is pleased to introduce its latest ground-breaking technology – AsceraTM. This patent-pending, next generation antimicrobial technology uses an active ingredient inspired by nature*, and is designed for use in olefinic polymers and solvent-based coatings. Ascera is sustainable, metal free and less toxic than alternative technologies, and provides the lifelong antimicrobial product protection that Microban is known for around the world.  Plastic Pyrolysis Oil

As the global leader in antimicrobial and odor-control technologies, Microban is committed to the development of solutions that support product sustainability by extending their useful lifetimes. Ascera exemplifies the company’s commitment to sustainability by offering lasting product protection while maintaining critical attributes, such as ease of incorporation, safe handling, and good chemical, thermal and UV stability. Ascera will perform for the product’s expected lifetime when applied according to Microban’s standards, effectively inhibiting the growth of odor-causing bacteria to prevent stains and premature aging of the finished product.

“Microban has always led the antimicrobial industry with technological innovations that contribute to product sustainability,” said Dr. Souvik Nandi, Vice President of R&D at Microban International.“In the past decade, regulatory and environmental groups have put increasing pressure on many of the antimicrobial chemistries that are currently used. As a result, Microban has invested significant resources in identifying naturally occurring solutions that are more sustainable and effective. We are very proud to roll out Ascera, which represents the culmination of many years of intensive research. This is the first of an exciting series of nature-inspired solutions that we will be launching in the next few years for different market segments and material types.”  Plastic Pyrolysis Oil


Microban Launches Ascera™: A Patent-Pending, Cutting-Edge Antimicrobial Technology Inspired By Nature

Hydrogen plastic waste – Carbios’ textile preparation line ‘closes loop’ on fibre-to-fibre recycling 05-10-2023

Plastic Pyrolysis Oil

Graphene plastic recycling -Is graphene the silver bullet for plastic recycling woes? 04-10-2023

Graphene plastic recycling

Introducing Radilon® Chill-fit: RadiciGroup’s Innovative Textile Yarn for Enhanced Comfort and Freshness

RadiciGroup, a renowned leader in the textile industry, has unveiled its latest innovation, Radilon® Chill-fit, a groundbreaking nylon yarn designed to maximize the breathability and freshness of fabrics. This remarkable achievement is the result of extensive research and development efforts, culminating in a highly functional nylon yarn that offers optimal thermal regulation without the need for additional treatments.

Radilon® Chill-fit provides users with an enduring sensation of comfort and freshness, ensuring long-lasting wearability while also offering excellent protection against harmful UV rays.  Graphene plastic recycling

This innovative yarn represents a significant leap forward in the world of textiles, setting new standards for comfort, performance, and sustainability.

For the first time, textile enthusiasts and industry professionals will have the opportunity to experience Radilon® Chill-fit firsthand during the autumn edition of Performance Days, a premier trade fair dedicated to showcasing the latest trends and innovations in yarns, fabrics, and accessories. This event is scheduled to take place on October 4th and 5th in Munich, Germany. At the RadiciGroup booth (Stand L17), experts from the Business Area Advanced Textile Solutions will present the full range of the Group’s functional and high-performance yarns, along with their sustainable product offerings aimed at fostering innovation and circularity within the textile industry.  Graphene plastic recycling

Marco De Silvestri, Head of Sales & Marketing for the Business Area Advanced Textile Solutions, emphasized the company’s commitment to optimizing the technical performance of their yarns, as exemplified by the introduction of Radilon® Chill-fit. He also stressed their dedication to enhancing the environmental performance across various sectors, including sportswear, athleisure, workwear, and more, through their special products that are traceable and have a reduced environmental footprint.

Introducing Radilon® Chill-fit: RadiciGroup's Innovative Textile Yarn for Enhanced Comfort and Freshness

Credits : RadiciGroup

De Silvestri further elaborated on their sustainable offerings, mentioning the Renycle®, Repetable®, and Biofeel® product lines, each representing a unique approach to environmental responsibility. Renycle® offers recycled nylon, Repetable® focuses on recycled polyester, and Biofeel® features fibers produced from renewable materials. These solutions significantly reduce CO2 emissions, contributing to a more responsible and sustainable textile supply chain.  Graphene plastic recycling

In discussing the textile industry’s ongoing evolution, De Silvestri emphasized the importance of collaboration and collective responsibility. He highlighted RadiciGroup’s substantial investments in cutting-edge technologies aimed at streamlining processes and enhancing both technical and environmental aspects of their products. These investments begin at the material chemistry level and extend through the production chain, demonstrating the company’s commitment to sustainability from start to finish.

Radilon® Chill-fit is a testament to RadiciGroup’s dedication to pushing the boundaries of textile innovation while prioritizing comfort, performance, and sustainability. Its launch at Performance Days is a significant milestone, showcasing the company’s commitment to providing the industry with groundbreaking solutions that benefit both consumers and the planet. As RadiciGroup continues to lead the way in textile advancements, they remain steadfast in their mission to create a more environmentally responsible and sustainable future for the entire textile sector.  Graphene plastic recycling

Introducing Radilon® Chill-fit: RadiciGroup's Innovative Textile Yarn for Enhanced Comfort and Freshness

Credits : Radicigroup

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Baystar transforms polyethylene production with North America’s first Borstar technology unit

New 625,000 metric ton-per-year PE production unit more than doubles production capacity in Pasadena, TX

Baystar (Bayport Polymers LLC) launches a new era in high-performance polyethylene (PE) production and enhanced sustainability with the start-up of its new Bay 3 polyethylene unit. The new unit is the first of its kind in North America, bringing proprietary Borstar technology from Borealis and more than doubling Baystar’s production capacity in Pasadena, TX.

The Borstar technology brings a transformative approach to production flexibility for manufacturers and converters seeking a broad range of highly customized products for lighter, more durable, more flexible and more efficient plastics. Borstar products are PFAS-free and can enable more than 50% postconsumer recycled material in some end products.  Graphene plastic recycling

Thanks to a broad molecular weight distribution, Borstar PE offers superior physical properties with no need for process aids or additives.

“Bringing our new unit online marks the beginning of an exciting evolution in PE production for the industry as Baystar reimagines what is possible,” says president Diane Chamberlain. “Borstar technology enables our technical, production and sales teams to collaborate in the creation of the highly customized products our customers require to remain competitive and meet consumer demands. This project is the culmination of an enormous investment which began in 2019, and it stands as a testament to the incredible determination, innovation and relentless focus on safety demonstrated by our team and our partners.”

Baystar became a fully integrated polyethene manufacturer in 2022 with the start-up of its new 1 million ton-per-year ethane cracker unit in Port Arthur, Texas, which supplies ethylene feedstock to Baystar’s three PE production units. With a total investment exceeding $1.4 billion, construction of the Bay 3 unit employed over 1,900 on-site workers and will provide full-time employment for an additional 50 skilled workers in the Pasadena region.  Graphene plastic recycling

“We have a product offering second to none, backed by a talented team of experts who came to Baystar to be part of something special,” says commercial director Brad Leesman. “We’re big enough to introduce leading technologies, but small enough to be nimble and highly responsive on behalf of our customers. We look forward to surprising the industry with our new approach.”


Graphene plastic recycling

Is graphene the silver bullet for plastic recycling woes?

If it feels like you’ve been hearing about recycling plastic all of your life, you might be right.
The first plastic recycling mill was built in 1972[1], about the same time as the Environmental Protection Agency was formed. But despite promoting plastic recycling — including spending tens of millions of dollars in advertising, marketing and public relations campaigns[2], as well as lobbying for curbside recycling — the technology to economically recycle plastic didn’t exist.  Graphene plastic recycling
The resin identification codes with which we’re all now familiar were introduced in 1988, and the global waste trade – developed countries shipping their plastic waste to less developed ones for recycling – took off in earnest in the early ’90s[3].
But certain facts have refused to go away, much like plastic waste itself. Plastic recycling has never been a popular practice. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development has reported that global plastic use and waste will almost triple by 2060[4]. Meanwhile, plastic waste recycling has fallen from a high of only 9.5% in 2014 to between 5% and 6% in 2021[5]. And the amount of plastic that has been recycled more than once is under 1%[6].
There are a host of reasons to explain this problem.
One is that plastic is expensive to collect and sort. There are seven different identification codes: polyethylene terephthalate (e.g. water and soda bottles), high-density polyethylene (e.g. milk and shampoo bottles), polyvinyl chloride (e.g. cling film wrap), low-density polyethylene (e.g. grocery bags), polypropylene (e.g. microwavable dishes), polystyrene (e.g. plastic cutlery), expanded polystyrene (e.g. takeout food containers) and “other” plastics (e.g. water cooler bottles).    Graphene plastic recycling
These all have different melting temperatures and densities so, if they are melted together, they separate and set into layers. The resulting blend is structurally weak and difficult to shape. They could be melted a second time to separate them, but the cost is prohibitive.
Even when correctly sorted, most plastic can only be recycled between one and three times because heating shortens polymer chains, degrading its strength and quality, hence the term “downcycling” used to describe the process.
When it comes to food-grade plastics, strict packaging requirements also prevent, for example, a water bottle being turned into another water bottle.
And there is the question of colour. Each kind of plastic has a unique mix of dyes and additives that give it specific colours, shapes, toughness and other qualities. To recycle a light-green plastic soda bottle, it needs to be melted down with other soda bottles which are that exact shade of green. Even if the desired colour is black, different shades of black still make sorting mandatory.

What all this means is that the vast majority of plastic, including those that people wash, strip labels from and put into their blue bins, winds up in landfills, is burned (releasing toxic chemicals and pollutants, including microplastics) or dumped in the ocean.
A partial solution can be found in the use of a relatively newly discovered nanomaterial called graphene. Only an atom thick, adding graphene to plastic has a twofold result. First, it improves the plastic’s strength so that it lasts longer and therefore stays out of the trash heap longer. Second, it also improves plastic’s ability to be repeatedly recycled.
When it is correctly added to plastic parts, graphene can improve impact resistance, increase stiffness and allow for thinner cross-sections, reducing material usage. In most cases, only a small amount of graphene, around 0.1% by weight, is needed, making it cost-effective to include.  Graphene plastic recycling
When it comes to recycling plastics, their mechanical properties tend to decrease with each processing cycle. By incorporating graphene, the recycled plastic can regain its strength comparable to new materials.
Additionally, graphene will turn the mixed material’s colour solid black, regardless of its original colour or opacity. This can make the material more desirable as it avoids inconsistencies and off-colour appearances often found in recycled plastics. Graphene could also eliminate the need to sort even black plastics because of the resulting uniformity of colour.
However, not all types of graphene are the same, so it’s important to find the right combination to achieve the desired results.

HydroGraph is playing a significant role in making high-quality graphene available in large quantities with its Hyperion detonation system. This method involves filling a chamber with hydrocarbon and oxygen, igniting the mixture with a small spark, and graphene is formed in the resulting detonation.
The graphene produced using this technology is 99.8% pure, unmatched in quality and quantity. It is currently undergoing testing in various polymer applications worldwide. This system:

  • Can produce graphene of various modifications and morphologies.
  • Is highly energy efficient.
  • Doesn’t require solvents or mined minerals.
  • Can be easily scaled up.  Graphene plastic recycling

The HydroGraph Hyperion system is compact and modular, allowing for easy deployment and enabling integration into production lines at customer sites around the world. It operates as a closed system, minimizing energy consumption and emissions. Each machine has a small footprint of just 2 meters by 2 meters but can produce over 10 metric tons of fractal graphene per year, which can be further customised with additional chemical functionalisation.


Graphene plastic recycling

McKinsey: rPET availability in the US market needs boost

According to a study by McKinsey, high long-term demand for recycled content in packaging could lead to shortages of recycled packaging materials in the US. Brand owners that are aiming to introduce new packaging formats and establish innovative ways to boost product recyclability and levels of recycled content to meet their sustainable-packaging commitments, address consumer concerns, and adapt to rapidly rising regulatory pressure could face the very real risk that they cannot achieve their goals because of an anticipated shortage of recycled materials: collection levels of high-quality recycled material look set to remain almost flat, creating supply challenges for brand owners and packaging companies, says the study.  Graphene plastic recycling

If brands with public recycled-content commitments follow through on their plans, the US demand for rPET in 2030 would outpace supply by about three times. As the supply-and-demand imbalance widens, the price premium between rPET and virgin PET has the potential to rise significantly over the next decade. The challenge for the industry moving forward will be to unlock additional rPET supply, the experts say and suggest three potential approaches, centered on boosting supply, ensuring access, and designing for circularity, that could also be applicable to other packaging substrates.

The experts have evaluated that today only about 27 per cent of PET bottles and about 18 per cent of all recyclable PET plastic waste is collected, the rest ends up in landfills. In recent years, the collection and sorting of PET has not improved significantly. As a result, rPET supply in North America grew only about 1 per cent per year in 2012-22. While there have been some new entrants in the recovery and reprocessing value chain, process losses have not been significantly reduced. This means that about 4.6 billion pounds of PET ends up in landfills every year.

Rapidly growing demand combined with stagnant supply could lead to a supply-demand imbalance for rPET in the future, the study outlines. Historically, rPET supply has only grown by about 1 per cent per year over 2012-22, while consumption has grown by about 4 per cent per year over the same period. If brands fully deliver on their recycled content commitments by 2030, demand for rPET is expected to grow by about 15 per cent per year between 2022 and 2030, the study says. Over the same period, supply is expected to continue to grow by only about 1 per cent, so that by 2030 demand will be three times higher than available supply.      Graphene plastic recycling

In the future, ESG-driven use of rPET is expected to expand its market share and potentially lead to increasing price premiums as demand for rPET grows. In addition, brand owners may consider switching from other plastics – such as HDPE, PVC and PS – to rPET because it is more recyclable and considered more accessible compared to other plastics. This could lead to another supply shortage, the experts caution.

As future rPET availability will be determined by a combination of supply, demand and regulatory factors, packaging industry leaders should consider three meaningful ways to increase rPET availability, according to McKinsey:

Boost supply: With more than 80 percent of PET waste going unused, opportunities exist across the value chain to boost PET recovery, from collection through to sorting and processing. Given that recycling programs are often organized at the local level, there are opportunities to form public‒private partnerships to increase local collection rates in areas with underfunded or nonexistent curbside recycling.  Graphene plastic recycling

The Recycling Partnership, for example, is an organization that makes private investments in public recycling programs, with the aim of increasing the supply of recycled plastics. At the same time, investments in advanced sortation equipment at material recovery facilities are an additional avenue to increasing rPET supply. McKinsey also note that in some countries (such as the Nordic countries), national and state-level policies such as extended producer responsibility or deposit-return schemes are having a measurable influence on rPET supply.


Graphene plastic recycling

Plastic Omnium – In France, composite hydrogen tanks

Plastic Omnium is building Europe’s largest plant for high-pressure tanks for trucks and buses. composite hydrogen tanks Plastic Omnium The French group Plastic Omnium has started construction work on a new plant for the production of high pressure tanks (type IV) in composite material with fiber in Lachelle, in the department of Oise (Northern France). of carbon for hydrogen storage, intended to be installed on industrial vehicles and buses. With an investment estimated at 150 million euros and an annual production capacity of 80 thousand tanks, obtained through filament winding, once completed it will be the largest European plant. It will supply vehicle manufacturers such as Stellantis and HYVIA, creating 150 to 200 new jobs.  Graphene plastic recycling

Plastic Omnium - In France, composite hydrogen tanks

The works will be completed by the end of 2024. The company created the new Plastic Omnium New Energies division early last year and currently has a pilot plant in Belgium. Two more tank factories will be launched by the group in Shanghai (China) in 2026 and in Michigan (United States) the following year. From 2015 to today, the French group has invested over 400 million euros in this segment. Type IV tanks are designed for pressures from 350 to 700 bar. They are produced by the French group starting from a blown liner in thermoplastic resin, subsequently wrapped with carbon fibers impregnated with resin. The result is a highly resistant and at the same time lightweight container.

Coperion and Herbold Meckesheim to present  product and process solutions at Fakuma 2023

Clothing microplastics polluting – In Emmen the solution must be invented for polluting microplastics in clothing 03-10-2023

Graphene plastic recycling

Bionaphtha Petrochemicals – Europe R-PE and R-PP demand remains weak, but prices may have bottomed out 28-09-2023

Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

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Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Shinkong Achieves Milestone with US FDA Approval for R-PET

In a significant development, Thai Shinkong Industry Corporation (TSIC) has recently received the coveted approval from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the utilization of its recycled materials in food-contact packaging, a remarkable achievement for the company. This approval marks a pivotal moment for TSIC as it opens up doors to the lucrative US market, which currently stands as a major consumer of R-PET (Recycled Polyethylene Terephthalate) pellets originating from Shinkong’s cutting-edge facility based in Taiwan.

TSIC, a strategic joint venture formed between the renowned Mitsubishi Corporation and Shinkong Synthetic Fibers Corporation of Taiwan, inaugurated its state-of-the-art R-PET facility in the thriving region of Rayong, Thailand, at the outset of September.

This state-of-the-art facility represents a significant step forward in TSIC’s mission to contribute to sustainability through recycling, aligning with global environmental objectives. Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

The journey to securing the US FDA’s approval has been pivotal for TSIC, given the rigorous standards and regulations governing food-contact materials in the United States. This achievement underscores the company’s commitment to delivering safe and eco-friendly solutions for the packaging industry.

As TSIC celebrates this milestone, its focus is now on establishing partnerships and securing approvals from major brands, enabling the company to supply high-quality bottle-grade R-PET pellets to markets both locally and abroad. The FDA approval serves as a powerful testament to the quality and safety of TSIC’s R-PET materials, positioning them as a trusted choice for companies seeking sustainable packaging solutions.

It’s worth noting that TSIC’s journey towards sustainable practices began earlier in September when the company commenced operations at its newly established R-PET facility in Rayong, Thailand. This facility, a collaboration between Mitsubishi Corporation and Shinkong Synthetic Fibers Corp, represents a significant investment in chemically recycled R-PET pellets production in Southeast Asia. Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

With sustainability at the core of its operations, TSIC’s R-PET facility in Rayong exemplifies the company’s commitment to reducing plastic waste and its environmental footprint. By utilizing cutting-edge recycling technologies, TSIC transforms post-consumer plastics into high-quality R-PET pellets, thus contributing to the circular economy and reducing the reliance on virgin plastic materials.

In conclusion, the US FDA’s approval for TSIC’s R-PET materials represents a major breakthrough for the company and marks a significant stride towards achieving global recognition for its commitment to sustainability. TSIC’s journey to becoming a trusted supplier of R-PET pellets for food-contact packaging highlights the company’s dedication to delivering innovative and eco-friendly solutions to the packaging industry while promoting a greener, more sustainable future. This achievement underscores the power of collaboration and innovation in addressing the pressing environmental challenges of our time. Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

“Empowering Sustainability: Bionaphtha’s Role in Shaping a Greener Future

Bionaphtha, an invaluable byproduct of biodiesel and sustainable aviation fuel production, is poised for significant growth in both European and Asian markets. This surge is being fueled by the increasing demand for bioplastics and the imposition of fuel blending mandates.

Much like biofuels, bionaphtha is sourced from renewable feedstocks rather than conventional crude oil. As the petrochemical industry strives to achieve long-term net-zero emissions targets, bio-derived polymers, featuring bionaphtha as a key feedstock, offer a promising pathway toward decarbonization across the entire value chain.

It’s important to note that bionaphtha isn’t manufactured as a standalone product at dedicated facilities, nor are there plans to construct such facilities. Instead, bionaphtha is a byproduct of second-generation hydrotreated vegetable oil biofuel plants.

These advanced technologies employ hydrogen to refine waste oil sources like used cooking oil or animal fats, primarily yielding biodiesel or sustainable aviation fuel as their main products. Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

The global biorefinery capacity has experienced robust expansion in recent years and is projected to grow from approximately 19 million metric tons per year in 2023 to over 50 million metric tons per year by 2030. This output includes renewable diesel, jet fuels, bionaphtha, and bioLPG, based on confirmed projects, as reported by the Biofuels Research and Analytics team at S&P Global Commodity Insights.

Notably, bionaphtha currently finds applications in two major sectors: fuel blending and bioplastics production, with a particularly strong presence in European markets. While fuel blending commands a significant market share in Europe, industry experts anticipate that bioplastics demand will ultimately take the lead.

Bionaphtha can serve as a drop-in feedstock in naphtha crackers, facilitating the production of olefins and aromatics used in bioplastics manufacturing.

These bioplastics are often labeled as bio-attributed polymers, setting them apart from other bio-based polymers that rely on plant fibers, corn starch, or sugar as their feedstocks. Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

A pivotal concept in sustainable supply chains is the “Chain of Custody,” which tracks and validates the origin, handling, and processes involved in producing sustainable products. The “mass balance” approach plays a key role in this concept, where renewable materials are blended with fossil materials within existing infrastructure to create chemicals with partial renewable content.

This strategy eliminates the need for extensive new infrastructure and reduces logistical complexities. Renewable content is meticulously tracked through bookkeeping and subject to third-party audits, such as those conducted by the International Sustainability and Carbon Certification, ensuring traceability throughout the supply chain.

In recent years, the global chemical industry has invested in both bioplastics and chemically recycled polymers through pyrolysis naphtha routes. These pathways offer solutions to complement mechanical recycling by converting hard-to-recycle plastic waste back into virgin-like feedstocks via pyrolysis. While the two approaches share similarities, they have distinct objectives. Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

Chemical recycling aims to close the loop in plastic production and recycling, while bioplastics primarily focus on reducing CO2 emissions.

Bioplastics often command a premium over conventional plastics in European markets, appealing to consumer-oriented applications driven by sustainability concerns. For instance, the European toy sector prefers bioplastics over recycled plastics due to legislative safety considerations for young children. In Asia, interest from brand owners, especially in South Korea and Japan, such as cosmetic brands, has contributed to growing demand in this sector. Recycled polypropylene

Despite potential challenges, the bionaphtha market has experienced growth, thanks to a combination of demand and supply factors. Although some petrochemical producers may face negative margins in 2023, major players continue to invest in the bio-chemicals sector. Moreover, advocacy efforts are underway to improve carbon accounting in the petrochemical industry and enhance recognition of the sustainability contributions made by bio-based plastics.

In conclusion, bionaphtha represents a vital component in the journey toward a more sustainable future, offering a versatile and environmentally friendly resource that aligns with the evolving needs of the global market.” Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

Introducing Herma’s Innovative Wash-Off Label Adhesive

Herma has unveiled its latest breakthrough in label adhesive technology, known as 72Gpw. This cutting-edge adhesive boasts nearly double the initial adhesion strength compared to traditional wash-off adhesives, while maintaining exceptional final adhesion and outstanding washability. The company showcased this remarkable innovation at the LabelExpo event.

The Cyclos-HTP Institute has granted certification to the adhesive 72Gpw for compatibility with a wide range of film and paper label materials. Hendrik Kehl, Herma’s product manager, highlights the significance of this achievement, stating, “Label users now have a compelling reason to switch to a wash-off solution without compromising on adhesion or washability, especially in demanding scenarios like high-speed labeling systems or when dealing with humid or cool environments.” Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

This groundbreaking label adhesive not only ensures secure labeling but also contributes to recycling efforts by facilitating residue-free separation of PET material from label material, including adhesives and printing inks. This results in a cleaner granulate production process.

Anticipating Stricter Recycling Guidelines

In line with the objectives of the European Packaging Directive, which were outlined in late 2022, there is a growing emphasis on closing material loops and enhancing the recyclability of packaging. This is expected to lead to more stringent packaging design standards. While wash-off label solutions have existed for some time, including Herma’s offerings, their adoption in the market has been relatively slow.

The industry association Finat has also provided insight into this trend, stating in July 2023, “Despite the availability of these options in the market, the majority of labels currently in use are manufactured with permanent adhesives rather than specially developed wash-off adhesives.” Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

To learn more about Herma’s innovative label adhesive solutions, visit their website.

Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

Europe R-PE and R-PP demand remains weak, but prices may have bottomed out

Demand across Europe in recycled polyolefins is expected to remain low for the remainder of 2023 as bearish macroeconomics continue to drag on the sector.

While some players in the recycled polypropylene (R-PP) and recycled high density polyethylene (R-HDPE) sectors have seen a rebound in demand in September, linked primarily to some limited restocking following summer convertor outages, this is from a low base. Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

Underlying buying interest remains below that seen in September 2022, and there remain pellet producers in the R-PP sector that continue to operate at 50% of nameplate capacity – as they have done through the majority of 2023 due to narrow margins.

Although some costs, such as electricity, have fallen in 2023, they remain at elevated levels compared with historic norms, while flake and pellet prices have broadly fallen throughout 2023.

Coupled with this, most players’ inventory levels remain high throughout the chain, meaning any restocking effect is more limited than in previous years.

This is particularly true in Germany. For recycled low density polyethylene (R-LDPE) pellets, there have so far been no signs of a pick-up in demand in September compared with August. Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

August is typically a low month for demand because many convertors shut operations for several weeks in July and August to do routine maintenance – a process that began earlier and lasted longer in 2023 due to narrow margins.

September typically sees a rebound in consumption as convertors restock following their outages.

Europe flexible post-commercial R-LDPE bale spot prices are meanwhile facing upward pressure in September, while flexible R-LDPE pellet spot prices are at parity with August monthly levels. Bionaphtha Petrochemicalsene

Rising flexible bale spot values were attributed to increasing export demand – particularly to Asia. Feedstock bale availability for natural transparent pellets is tight in northeast and Southeast Asia.

A decline in manufacturing activities across multiple sectors in Southeast and Northeast Asia – resulting from high inflation – has limited input waste entering the chain and tightened supply.

September monthly negotiations across recycled polyethylene (R-PE) and R-PP markets are ongoing. Monthly negotiations in both chains typically settle at the end of the month.


Europe R-PE and R-PP demand remains weak, but prices may have bottomed out

Oil headed for $150 without U.S. support for more drilling, shale executives say

Oil is headed as high as $150 a barrel unless the U.S. government does more to encourage exploration, according to Continental Resources Inc., the shale driller controlled by billionaire Harold Hamm. Recycled polypropylene

Crude output in the Permian basin will one day peak as it already has in rival shale fields such as the Bakken region of North Dakota and the Eagle Ford in Texas, Continental Chief Executive Officer Doug Lawler said during an interview with Bloomberg TV. Without new exploration, “you’re going to see $120 to $150” oil, he said.

“That’s going to send a shock through the system,” he said on the sidelines of Hamm’s first ever American Energy Security Summit in Oklahoma City. Without policies encouraging new drilling, “you’re going to see more pressure on price.” Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

Sprinkled among pro-oil presentations from Republican presidential candidate Nikki Haley and Goldman Sachs Group Inc.’s David Solomon, shale executives issued calls for the Biden administration to adopt consistent policies that will allow them to drill more. Failure to do so, they warned, will lead to tighter energy supplies and higher prices.

But the CEOs were quick to note that they have no intention of markedly boosting crude output in response to oil’s march toward the $100 mark for the first time in more than a year.

After touching an all-time high in July, oil production in U.S. shale fields is contracting and government analysts are forecasting a third straight monthly decline in October.

“I hear people say, ‘We’re back up to record levels of production,’” Chevron Corp. Chief Executive Officer Mike Wirth told summit attendees. “With better policy we would be beyond that.”  Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

Haley said she would seek to boost domestic energy production by expanding drilling, speeding up permitting and building interstate pipelines. She also vowed to roll back some energy subsidies and regulations and revive the Keystone XL project.

“Nikki Haley was a great example of someone who cares about us, who appreciates what we do,” said Occidental Petroleum Corp. CEO Vicki Hollub. “Our politicians can’t lose sight of the fact that unless we’re energy independent, we do not control our own destiny.”

Even if oil breaches the $100 mark, Continental has no plans for a burst of output, Lawler said. Benchmark U.S. crude futures have risen 12% this year to more than $90.


Oil headed for $150 without U.S. support for more drilling, shale executives say

Corbion launches AlgaPrime™ DHA P3, addressing the demand for sustainable active nutrition in the pet food industry

Corbion launches AlgaPrime™ DHA P3, addressing the demand for sustainable active nutrition in the pet food industry Recycled polypropylene

AlgaPrime™ DHA P3 offers pet food manufacturers higher levels of DHA while reducing dependency on scarce traditional omega-3 sources.

Corbion, the global market leader in algae-based feed ingredients, announced today the launch of its new AlgaPrime™ DHA P3, a high-performance omega-3 ingredient enabling pet food manufacturers to enhance the nutritional profile of their products and boost DHA levels reducing dependency on marine-based resources and positively impacting their carbon footprint.

Produced via microalgae precision fermentation, AlgaPrime™ DHA P3 helps meet increasing consumer demand for more sustainable pet food ingredients, as nearly 70% of pet owners worldwide express concern about nutrition, climate change and a desire to make a positive impact on the environment through their everyday actions.

The ingredient supports manufacturers in their efforts to overcome the most common challenges of omega-3 DHA inclusion, as it provides the highest level of DHA on the market in biomass powder form (35% DHA), enabling flexibility for nutritionists and developers in working with higher DHA inclusions for added nutritional value, while advancing the sustainability of pet diets. Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

In addition, it is stabilized with a natural antioxidant system. AlgaPrime™ DHA P3 is suitable for dry, wet, and injection-mold applications, allowing efficient access to, and use of, long-chain omega-3s.

“The launch of AlgaPrime™ DHA P3 furthers Corbion’s mission to preserve what matters by offering sustainable ingredients for healthier people, pets, and the planet,” said Tim Rutten, Vice President at Corbion Algae Ingredients.

“We believe this breakthrough ingredient will play an important role in meeting the growing need for better nutrition and more sustainable solutions, while delivering value across the pet industry.” Bionaphtha Petrochemicals


US recession likelihood spells trouble for emerging markets


  • The likelihood of a US recession within the next 12 months remains high, posing a significant risk to several emerging markets (EMs), particularly those in Latin America.
  • A strong US consumer base has supported Mexico, but demand is expected to soften due to high interest rates.
  • In Europe, Hungary and Poland are already seeing economic contractions.

The probability of a US recession within the next year remains elevated, which poses risks for several emerging markets (EMs), especially those in Latin America. US consumer strength has buoyed Mexico, but demand is likely to soften due to factors such as high interest rates. Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

A weakening eurozone is also causing concerns. Hungary and Poland, in particular, saw their real gross domestic product (GDP) decline, marked by a contraction in exports and deteriorating manufacturing production, according to an S&P Global article titled ‘Emerging Markets Q4 2023: The Lagged Effects Of Monetary Policy Will Test Resilience’ by Valerijs Rezvijs and Vishrut Rana.

In Asia, China’s slowed growth—forecast at 4.8 per cent for 2023 and 4.4 per cent for 2024—will likely impact several economies, although the impact may be mitigated due to the slowdown focusing on domestic activity. Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

Inflation in most EMs is slowing but is expected to fluctuate in the coming months. Core inflation rates remain high in about half of the EMs, and further rate cuts are expected to be gradual, given the uncertain trajectory of global inflation.

Structurally high interest rates without corresponding growth will constrain investment. As of H1 2023, fixed investment as a share of GDP in the median EM has dropped by 1 percentage point compared to pre-pandemic levels.


US recession likelihood spells trouble for emerging markets

Bottles recycled – 2035 – Brussels Tightens Control on E-Fuels, Jeopardizing Exemptions 27-09-2023

Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

Crude Oil Prices – NTU researchers develop new way to recycle plastic that leaves minimal carbon footprint 19-09-2023

Crude Oil Prices

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Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

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NTU researchers develop new way to recycle plastic that leaves minimal carbon footprint

Research Breakthrough: Scientists from Nanyang Technological University (NTU) have developed an innovative method for recycling plastic with minimal carbon footprint

Process Overview: The process employs light and a readily available photocatalyst to efficiently break down plastic materials, including plastic bags, takeaway boxes, styrofoam, and PVC pipes. The resulting acids, like formic acid, acetic acid, and benzoic acid, can be used to produce green fuels, such as hydrogen.

Upcycling vs. Recycling: The researchers prefer the term “upcycling” for this process, as it differs from traditional mechanical recycling that tends to reduce plastic durability.

Commercial Potential: The technology is currently in the process of being patented, and the research team is seeking industry collaborators for commercialization. It offers potential benefits for the clean energy sector, particularly in the development of liquid organic hydrogen carriers (LOHCs) for safer hydrogen transport.

Challenges: Currently, the derived chemicals from this method may be more expensive compared to those produced from fossil fuels. Crude Oil Prices

However, the technology shows potential for producing higher-value specialty chemicals for fragrances and paints.

Efficiency Enhancement: Ongoing research and development aim to improve the efficiency of this technology so that it can process large quantities of plastic waste within a shorter timeframe.

Carbon Footprint: While the exact carbon footprint reduction has not been quantified, the new method is expected to have significantly lower emissions compared to conventional pyrolysis and mechanical recycling processes. Crude Oil Prices

Carbon Storage in Plastics: Plastic waste is highlighted as a form of carbon storage, as it prevents the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Biodegradable plastics may not necessarily have a smaller carbon footprint due to their chemical makeup.

Environmental Impact: The accumulation of non-biodegradable plastic waste in landfills and the environment has potentially prevented the release of a substantial amount of carbon dioxide, contributing to efforts to limit global warming.

This innovative plastic recycling process has the potential to reduce carbon emissions, enhance the sustainability of plastic materials, and contribute to cleaner energy production. Crude Oil Prices

Crude Oil Prices

‘Waste to resources’: SK gets ball rolling in high-tech plastic recycling

The process of recycling plastics is most widely known to be about breaking used plastics into little pieces, washing, sorting and drying them before turning what’s left of them into new plastics.

Chemical recycling, the more sophisticated method, involves extracting raw materials from used plastics or significantly changing the chemical structure of the waste; hence, there is no need to sort by color or condition of contamination.

Korea’s SK Group, the second-largest conglomerate in the country by assets, which has major oil refinery and petrochemical units under its wing, is at the vanguard of chemical recycling as it steps up the drive for a green energy transition toward decarbonization.

In its main refinery and chemical plant in Ulsan, an industrial city on the southeast coast, SK is building what will be the world’s first plastic recycling cluster with core chemical recycling facilities. Crude Oil Prices

The Advanced Recycling Cluster (ARC) will be built on 215,000 square meters of land ― a size equivalent to 22 football stadiums ― inside the 8.3-million-square-meter Ulsan CLX.

The 1.8 trillion-won ($1.35 billion) project is scheduled to break ground next month, aiming to begin operations in 2025.

“Some 320,000 tons of plastic waste ― which is 213 million 500-milliliter PET bottles of water ― will be recycled every year once the ARC is operational,” said Kim Ki-hyeon, an official at SK Geocentric, the chemical unit in charge of the ARC, during a press tour in Ulsan on Wednesday.

The recycling cluster will house three major chemical recycling facilities: high-purity polypropylene (PP) extraction, depolymerization of PET plastics or polyester, and pyrolysis.

Depolymerization chemically turns plastic and fiber waste into the original form of monomers and enables recycling without quality degradation. SK is working with Canada’s Loop Industries on the depolymerization technology.

For PP extraction, SK is collaborating with U.S. Purecycle Technologies, which specializes in extracting ultra-pure PP resin. Crude Oil Prices

SK has a license contract with British recycling company Plastic Energy for pyrolysis, a technology that converts plastic waste into crude oil through high-temperature heating with limited oxygen. Plastic items, such as baby bottles and interior materials for vehicles, are made using crude oil.

SK Innovation, SK’s energy unit, plans to use the pyrolysis oil as feedstock for its naphtha cracking by refining it using the post-pyrolysis processing it has developed.


High-tech plastic recycling

Covestro, Selena launch bio-attributed PU foams for thermal insulation applications

Covestro and Selena Group have joined forces to introduce a line of eco-friendly polyurethane (PU) foams designed for improved thermal insulation in construction applications, as reported by Sustainableplastics.

Selena has integrated Covestro’s bio-attributed methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) into an upgraded version of its Ultra Fast 70 one-component foam, commonly used for window and door installations. This material bears the ISSC Plus certification, indicating the incorporation of plant-based feedstocks through the mass balance method, resulting in an impressive 60% reduction in carbon emissions compared to foams derived from fossil fuels. Crude Oil Prices

The Ultra Fast 70 foam formulation drastically reduces installation time for doors and windows, enabling a greater number of projects to be completed within the same timeframe, according to Selena. It reportedly achieves full curing in just 90 minutes, a significant improvement over competing products that typically require around 24 hours for curing. Additionally, this foam yields 70 liters per container, reducing the overall quantity needed for window or door installations.

This innovative product boasts similar performance characteristics to its fossil fuel-based counterparts, allowing customers to seamlessly integrate it into their existing processes without sacrificing quality. In addition to the bio-attributed PU foam, Selena incorporates bio-based polyols and recycled PET materials into its range of foam products.

Covestro’s recent partnership announcement coincides with reports of ongoing discussions with Abu Dhabi National Oil Co. (ADNOC) regarding a potential acquisition of the German company Crude Oil Prices

High-tech plastic recycling

Green hydrogen: the future of sustainable energy at your fingertips

Green hydrogen is a clean and abundant energy source that is rapidly transforming the way we meet our energy needs. With falling costs and optimistic forecasts, green hydrogen could soon become an everyday reality, helping to reduce carbon emissions and ensure a cleaner future for our planet. Crude Oil Prices

Key takeaways:

  • Green hydrogen produced from renewable sources is expected to become competitive with gray hydrogen derived from methane or industrial waste in existing plants by 2030 in at least five key markets.
  • New green hydrogen projects will become cheaper than keeping existing gray ones running in Brazil, China, Sweden, Spain, and India by 2030.
  • Brazil will get the lowest cost for green hydrogen by 2023, estimated at $1.47 per kilogram.
  • By 2050, the cost of newly built green hydrogen will be lower than the marginal cost of gray hydrogen from existing plants in all markets modeled.
  • Some significant challenges remain for the domestic adoption of green hydrogen, including the high energy requirements for production and the need for a specialized network of electrolyzers and distributors.
  • However, there is an interesting prospect for the use of green hydrogen in domestic off-grid. Two German companies have developed systems to produce and store hydrogen at home during the summer, capable of covering winter energy consumption, including heating.  Crude Oil Prices


Green hydrogen is a promising solution for the energy transition. While challenges remain in domestic adoption, the use of green hydrogen is gaining momentum, and it is poised to become a driving force in the energy industry by 2030.

In addition to the key takeaways above, I would like to add that green hydrogen has the potential to revolutionize many sectors of the economy, including transportation, industry, and power generation. It can be used to produce clean fuels, chemicals, and electricity. It can also be used to store energy from renewable sources, such as solar and wind power.

Green hydrogen is a versatile and sustainable energy source that has the potential to help us achieve our climate goals. With continued investment and research, green hydrogen could soon become a key part of our global energy mix. Crude Oil Prices

Green hydrogen: the future of sustainable energy at your fingertips

Recycled products and development trend in Yarn Expo Autumn 2023

Yarn Expo Autumn 2023 is held in Shanghai during Aug 28 and Aug 30. The Yarn Expo has decent popularity, although it is slightly less popular than the Yarn Export held in spring in the first half of the year. The highest level of popularity is observed in 8.2 Hall.

  1. Market sentiment

Ningbo Dafa and Guangdong Tok Zin raised the HC re-PSF offers by 100yuan/mt on Monday, and then part of plants in Jiangsu raised the HC re-PSF offers by 100yuan/mt and solid re-PSF offers by 50yuan/mt on Tuesday. The price increase this year is mainly pushed by higher feedstock market and sales are divergent. Sales are ordinary in Zhejiang and Jiangsu, and producers show concerns over the feedstock supply and demand in buoyant season later. Crude Oil Prices

1) Market participants worry about the market in buoyant season. Recently, HC re-PSF sales are ordinary, and price increase is sporadic. Producers mainly stand on the sidelines. Part of HC virgin PSF plants lacks advantages, and is hard to compete. A few new production lines are delayed.

2) Boheng specializes in differentiated recycled PSF. Currently, there are 114 colors in their color card, and many of these colors are quite dreamy, especially appealing to niche differentiated customers. The necessity of OBP (Ocean bound Plastic) becomes more prominent with Japan’s release of nuclear wastewater, as the urgent need to save plastic in nearby seas becomes apparent. It is reported that there are only three domestic manufacturers of recycled fibers with OBP certification: Boheng, Zhongyuan, and Cyclone.

Ocean Bound Plastics, abbreviated as OBP, refers to improperly managed plastic waste that is abandoned in the environment, where it can be transported to the ocean through rain, wind, tides, rivers, and floods. Plastic waste in landfills or managed waste facilities is not considered OBP, but plastic waste in uncontrolled informal landfills within 50 kilometers of the coastline is considered OBP. The purpose of OBP is to protect the ocean from plastic pollution originating from land-based activities, rather than recovering plastic from the ocean through fishing or collection efforts. Crude Oil Prices

3) Zhejiang Jiaren continues to expand capacity on chemical recycling, and R-DMT is launched this year.

4) The production process under chemical recycling of Cyclone is below. According to Cyclone, the costs of chemical recycling are 3,000-5,000yuan/mt higher than that of physical recycling.


Recycled products and development trend in Yarn Expo Autumn 2023

TotalEnergies launches green hydrogen tender call

TotalEnergies has initiated a tender call for the annual production of 500,000 tons of “green” hydrogen, marking a significant step in the company’s efforts to reduce carbon emissions from its European refineries. This move, aimed at decarbonizing its industrial activities, involves replacing “grey” hydrogen with green hydrogen, which is produced using renewable energy sources. TotalEnergies expects this transition to result in a reduction of approximately five million metric tons of CO2 emissions per year across its European refineries, including its three oil refineries and two biorefineries in France.

In addition to the large-scale tender call, TotalEnergies will complement its efforts with smaller local projects. Furthermore, the company has entered into an agreement with Air Liquide to supply the Gonfreville refining platform with up to 15,000 tons of green and low-carbon hydrogen annually, with the potential to reduce carbon emissions by 150,000 metric tons each year.  Crude Oil Prices

Jean-Marc Durand, the director of petrochemical refining in Europe at TotalEnergies, emphasized the need for a significant quantity of electrolyzers and highlighted that the purpose of the tender call is to stimulate growth in this sector. Durand stated, “We talk a lot about green hydrogen, but at some point, players like us need to commit to getting these sectors off the ground via massive calls for tender. There needs to be an effect of scale. That’s what this work is all about.”

TotalEnergies is also counting on various European regulations and incentives to achieve competitive pricing for green hydrogen. Typically, green hydrogen costs two to three times more than grey hydrogen, as explained by Sebastien Bruna, the director of hydrogen in the refining branch of TotalEnergies.

The European Union recently granted final approval for legally binding targets to accelerate the expansion of renewable energy sources during this decade. Notably, this decision allows France to consider nuclear power in the production of hydrogen as part of its renewable energy strategy. Crude Oil Prices

TotalEnergies launches green hydrogen tender call

How Spinnova and Renewcell want to scale circularity in fashion

Spinnova and Renewcell, two innovative companies, have joined forces to introduce a groundbreaking technology concept aimed at expanding the production of a novel textile fiber derived from textile waste.

This pioneering fiber production concept harnesses patented technologies from both organizations with the shared goal of amplifying circularity within the fashion and textile sectors. Crude Oil Prices

Renewcell is at the forefront of establishing a circular economy in the fashion industry by recycling cellulosic-rich textile waste, including cotton and viscose. They employ a patented process to transform textile waste into a pulp substance known as “Circulose.” This biodegradable raw material is crafted entirely from recycled textiles and can be utilized to craft new fibers. Up until now, Circulose has primarily been used in the creation of man-made cellulosic fibers like viscose. However, with the transformative technology offered by Spinnova, these partners can convert Circulose into an innovative, biobased textile fiber without the need for any harmful chemicals during the spinning process.

Spinnova has already conducted successful trials in spinning Circulose pulp into a novel textile fiber. The initial batches of Spinnova fiber, composed entirely of Circulose, have been generated for yarn and fabric development. The initial prototypes incorporate a blend of cotton and Spinnova fiber based on Circulose. Crude Oil Prices

Ben Selby, Deputy CEO of Spinnova, expressed, “The fashion and textile industry is in need of fresh solutions and enhanced collaboration across its supply chain, making this partnership incredibly exciting for us. Our objective is to accelerate the fashion industry’s transition toward a circular economy and explore opportunities for expanding textile-to-textile fiber production.”

Patrik Lundström, CEO of Renewcell, added, “The textile industry is currently undergoing a significant transformation, transitioning from a linear business model to a circular economy. Exploring Spinnova’s technology has been a thrilling journey, and we are eagerly anticipating the launch of the first collection crafted from Circulose using Spinnova’s distinctive fiber spinning technology.” Crude Oil Prices

At present, the companies are in the process of evaluating options for initiating the scaling of textile-to-textile fiber production with potential partners. They anticipate commencing the development of the first consumer collection made from Circulose-based Spinnova fiber. The initial consumer products are projected to enter the market by the conclusion of 2024.

How Spinnova and Renewcell want to scale circularity in fashion

Petrochemicals EV-Cars – Electric Vehicles: A Solution for Faster Charging and Longer-Lasting Batteries 18-09-2023

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Fossil fuel peak – Electric Vehicles: A Solution for Faster Charging and Longer-Lasting Batteries 18-09-2023

Fossil fuel peak

Petrochemicals Polymers – M. Holland Unveils Mfinity Line of Sustainable Resins 


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The expansion of renewable energy sources brings the fossil fuel peak within reach

The International Energy Agency (IEA) has revealed that the era of constant growth in fossil fuels is approaching its end within this decade, marking a significant shift in the global energy landscape and the fight against climate change. In an article published in the Financial Times, IEA director Fatih Birol highlights the implications of this transition.

Despite previous discussions about peak oil and peak coal, both fossil fuels have recently reached record highs in production, making it challenging to predict their decline. However, the IEA’s upcoming World Energy Outlook report, set to be released next month, indicates that we stand at the brink of a pivotal moment in history.

Even without the implementation of new climate policies, the report suggests that each of the three major fossil fuels—oil, coal, and natural gas—is poised to reach its peak demand in the coming years. This development is a significant departure from previous expectations and is largely attributed to the remarkable growth of clean energy technologies like solar panels and electric vehicles, structural changes in China’s economy, and the consequences of the global energy crisis. Fossil fuel peak

Global coal demand, which has remained stubbornly high for the past decade, is projected to peak in the near future. Investments in coal outside of China have dwindled, with solar and wind power dominating the expansion of electricity systems. Even in China, the world’s largest coal consumer, renewable and nuclear energy growth, coupled with a slower economy, indicates a decline in coal usage.

There had been speculations that global oil demand might have already peaked during the pandemic. While the IEA was initially cautious about such claims, the latest projections suggest that the proliferation of electric vehicles worldwide, especially in China, is steering oil demand toward a peak before 2030.

The “Golden Age of Gas,” as it was termed in 2011, is also approaching its end. Demand in advanced economies is expected to diminish later in this decade as renewables increasingly outcompete gas for electricity production, heat pumps gain popularity, and Europe accelerates its transition away from gas due to geopolitical factors.

While the forthcoming peaks in demand for fossil fuels are promising, it’s essential to consider several key factors. Firstly, the projected declines in demand, based on current policy settings, are insufficient to align the world with the goal of limiting global warming to 1.5°C. Achieving this target will necessitate more robust and rapid policy actions by governments.Fossil fuel peak

Additionally, the drop in fossil fuel consumption in advanced economies will be partially offset by continued growth in some emerging and developing economies, particularly for natural gas. The declines in demand won’t follow a linear trajectory, as temporary fluctuations, such as heatwaves and droughts affecting electricity generation, can lead to spikes in coal demand.

While the peaks in demand based on current policies don’t eliminate the need for investment in oil and gas supply, they underscore the economic and financial risks associated with major new projects in these sectors.

In conclusion, the IEA’s projections indicate a historic turning point in the energy sector, but they emphasize the urgent need for more substantial policy measures to combat climate change effectively.Fossil fuel peak

Fossil fuel peak

Electric Vehicles: A Solution for Faster Charging and Longer-Lasting Batteries

A team of researchers from the University of Pisa has found a way to improve the charging speed and lifespan of electric vehicle batteries. Their findings, published in the journal Nature Communications, could revolutionize the electric vehicle industry.

The main problem with current lithium-ion batteries is that they can degrade over time, leading to shorter range and slower charging speeds. This is due to a phenomenon called lithium plating, which occurs when lithium ions build up on the surface of the battery’s negative electrode.

The researchers from the University of Pisa found that lithium plating can be prevented by inserting pauses during the charging process. These pauses allow the lithium ions to redistribute themselves within the battery, preventing them from building up on the surface. Fossil fuel peak

The researchers also found that the pauses can be made very short, without significantly impacting the overall charging time. This means that electric vehicles could be charged quickly and safely, without sacrificing battery life.

The findings of this study are a major breakthrough for the electric vehicle industry. They could lead to the development of new battery technologies that are faster, safer, and more durable. This could make electric vehicles more appealing to consumers and accelerate the transition to a clean energy future.

In addition to the benefits of faster charging and longer battery life, the new technology could also help to reduce the risk of fires and explosions. Lithium plating is a major cause of these incidents, so preventing it could make electric vehicles much safer.

The research from the University of Pisa is still in its early stages, but it has the potential to revolutionize the electric vehicle industry. If the technology can be successfully commercialized, it could make electric vehicles a more viable option for consumers and businesses. Fossil fuel peak

This is a major step forward for the electric vehicle industry, and it could have a significant impact on the future of transportation. With faster charging and longer battery life, electric vehicles will become more appealing to consumers and businesses, and they could help to reduce our reliance on fossil fuels.

Fossil fuel peak

Repsol launches EVA range with 100% chemically recycled content

Repsol, the Spanish petrochemical company, has launched a range of ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymers made with 100% chemically recycled content. This is the first product on the market to incorporate this level of circular AV from chemical recycling.

The new EVA range is part of Repsol’s Reciclex portfolio, which encompasses both polyolefins and polyols obtained through chemical recycling, using plastic waste streams that cannot be mechanically recycled. The range is certified under the ISCC Plus mass balance approach.

Repsol says that the new EVA range is especially relevant for applications that cannot use mechanical recycling due to the properties required by the final product. For example, it can be used in food contact products, cosmetics, and healthcare products.

The company is also set to soon include polyol obtained through the chemical recycling of polyurethane waste in its Reciclex range.Fossil fuel peak

Repsol is building a new polyurethane foam recovery plant in Puertollano, Spain, which is expected to be operational in 2023.

Repsol’s investment in chemical recycling is in line with recent European and Spanish regulations, which are aimed at achieving a recycled content target of 30% for plastic packaging by 2030.

In simpler words:

Repsol has launched a new type of plastic made from recycled plastic waste. This is the first plastic of its kind to use 100% recycled content. The new plastic can be used to make a variety of products, including food packaging, cosmetics, and medical devices.

Repsol’s investment in chemical recycling is helping to reduce the amount of plastic waste that goes to landfills. It is also helping to meet European and Spanish regulations on recycled content in plastic packaging.Fossil fuel peak

Repsol launches EVA range with 100% chemically recycled content

Enviro and Siemens signs MOU regarding cooperation around the European expansion plan

Munich, Germany – Scandinavian Enviro Systems and Siemens has signed a MOU, memorandum of understanding, regarding a collaboration in support of the European expansion plan that Enviro announced earlier this year together with Antin Infrastructure Partners. Through the collaboration, Enviro gets access to Siemens’ extensive experience in automation and digitalization for efficient industrial production.

The MOU was signed in connection with Siemens’ now ongoing Siemens NordX Circle seminar, focusing on sustainability and digitalization, where Enviro’s CEO Thomas Sörensson is one of the speakers. A number of international business leaders participate in the seminar, including Siemens’ sustainability manager Judith Wiese, who is the seminar’s keynote speaker. Fossil fuel peak
Together with Antin Infrastructure Partners, and with the support of Michelin, Enviro has formed the world’s first large-scale tire recycling company and with the plan to establish recycling facilities in Europe by 2030 with a total annual recycling capacity of 1 million tons of end-of-life tires. Siemens is already today a supplier of both hardware and software to the tire industry and, with its focus on sustainability and digitalization, has a great interest in supporting Enviro during the upcoming phase of broad industrialization.

“With the formation of the tire recycling joint venture company, Enviro has acquired the right industrial structure and the right partner company to be able to seriously take part in the transformation of the tire industry towards increased sustainability.

As a supplier and partner, Siemens wants to support the new tire recycling company and thereby help accelerate the important journey towards increased sustainability,” says Maria Grahm, Business Unit Manager Process Automation at Siemens Digital Industries.

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Enviro and Siemens signs MOU regarding cooperation around the European expansion plan

Tesla’s Quiet Breakthrough in Carmaking

Tesla has made a technological breakthrough that could transform the way it makes electric vehicles (EVs). The company has developed a new way to cast the underbody of an EV in a single piece, rather than the hundreds of parts that are typically used in a conventional car. This could help Tesla to halve the production costs of its EVs and make them more affordable.

The new casting process uses huge presses with 6,000 to 9,000 tons of clamping pressure. This allows Tesla to create a single, strong and lightweight underbody for its EVs. The company is also using 3D printing technology to create the sand molds for the casting process, which is more cost-effective and allows for rapid design iterations.

Tesla is still in the early stages of developing this new casting process, but it is expected to be used in the company’s upcoming small EV, which is aiming to have a price tag of $25,000. Fossil fuel peak

If successful, this new process could revolutionize the way EVs are made and make them more accessible to a wider range of people.

Here are some of the key benefits of Tesla’s new casting process:

  • It can reduce production costs by up to 50%.
  • It can make EVs lighter and more efficient.
  • It can shorten the design and manufacturing process.
  • It can improve the crashworthiness of EVs.

Tesla is not the only automaker that is working on new casting processes for EVs. Other companies, such as Ford and BMW, are also developing similar technologies. However, Tesla is believed to be the furthest ahead in this area.

If Tesla is able to successfully commercialize its new casting process, it could have a major impact on the EV industry.

It could help to make EVs more affordable and accessible, and it could also lead to the development of new and more efficient EV designs. Fossil fuel peak

Tesla's Quiet Breakthrough in Carmaking

Sidel Introduces EvoBLOW XL, a Cutting-Edge Blowing Machine for Large PET Containers

Introduction: Sidel, a leader in packaging and blowing solutions, proudly presents its latest innovation, the EvoBLOW XL machine. This state-of-the-art technology is designed to cater to the growing demand for large PET containers while maintaining performance and sustainability. EvoBLOW XL is set to revolutionize the packaging industry by offering versatility, efficiency, and sustainability.

Key Features and Benefits:

  1. 75% Shared Parts: EvoBLOW XL leverages Sidel’s existing EvoBLOW range by sharing 75% of its components. This demonstrates Sidel’s commitment to proven performance while expanding into new markets, including hotfill products.
  2. Versatility: EvoBLOW XL serves as both a standalone machine and an integrated combi solution, accommodating a wide range of bottle formats from 8L to 10L.
  3. It offers flexible oven configurations and various bottleneck dimensions, making it adaptable for diverse large bottle types. Fossil fuel peak
  4. Efficiency: With an impressive blowing output of 18,000 bottles per hour (bph) and an overall equipment effectiveness (OEE) of 98%, EvoBLOW XL sets a new standard for production efficiency. It boasts user-friendly features for efficient changeovers, including an ergonomic embedded mold handling tool and a mobile mold storage unit.
  5. Sustainability: EvoBLOW XL is designed to handle rPET grades, offering sustainability benefits from virgin PET to up to 100% rPET. It enables lightweighting, reduces CO2 emissions, and supports the transition from HDPE to PET large bottles. The machine’s design enhancements contribute to reduced energy consumption without compromising cost-effectiveness.
  6. Bottle Design: EvoBLOW XL enhances the blowing process, ensuring attractive and user-friendly bottle designs. It achieves perfect material distribution at speeds of 1,500 bph per mold while maintaining low blowing pressure and the highest bottle quality. Fossil fuel peak

Coverage by Packaging South Asia: Packaging South Asia, a prominent B2B publication and digital platform based in New Delhi, India, closely monitors the growth and impact of responsible packaging in the region. It highlights the packaging industry’s consistent outperformance compared to GDP growth, even amid challenges like supply chain disruptions and fluctuating raw material prices.

The publication covers the entire packaging supply chain, making it a valuable resource for brand owners, product managers, raw material suppliers, packaging designers, converters, and recyclers. With significant growth opportunities in the packaging industry in India and Asia, now is the ideal time to engage with Packaging South Asia’s influential platform for targeted business communication. Fossil fuel peak

Contact Information:

Sidel Introduces EvoBLOW XL, a Cutting-Edge Blowing Machine for Large PET Containers

The Nickel-Hydrogen Battery: A 30-Year Revolution in Energy Storage

Space exploration has long been a source of inspiration and innovation, leading to groundbreaking developments that have found their way into our everyday lives. One such remarkable advancement is the nickel-hydrogen battery, which not only defies the limitations of traditional batteries but also boasts an astonishing lifespan of 30 years and 30,000 charging cycles. This exceptional technology, originally designed by NASA to power space missions, is now poised to revolutionize energy storage on Earth, thanks to the pioneering efforts of American company EnerVenue.

EnerVenue, an innovative American company, is taking a giant leap forward in the battery industry by harnessing the engineering and chemistry expertise honed by NASA over four decades. The genesis of this technology traces back to its application in the power systems of the International Space Station and the Hubble Space Telescope. As EnerVenue prepares to scale up production, these nickel-hydrogen batteries are poised to replace conventional batteries, bringing with them numerous advantages that have the potential to reshape how we power our world. Fossil fuel peak

The nickel-hydrogen batteries developed by NASA for space missions have been meticulously engineered to endure the harshest conditions imaginable, from the vacuum of space to rapid temperature fluctuations. These batteries have proven their mettle as safe, durable, and recyclable energy storage solutions, while also eliminating the risks associated with fires and toxic waste. Their remarkable performance in space missions serves as a testament to their reliability and longevity.

EnerVenue’s commitment to harnessing this groundbreaking technology is evident in its recent announcement of the construction of a Gigafactory in the United States. This ambitious venture represents a pivotal moment in the energy storage industry, where space technology is set to transform the way we store and utilize power in our daily lives. Let’s delve deeper into the key attributes of nickel-hydrogen batteries and how EnerVenue’s vision could impact our future. Fossil fuel peak

The Resilience of Nickel-Hydrogen Batteries

Nickel-hydrogen batteries are engineered to thrive in the extreme conditions of outer space. Unlike traditional batteries that struggle with rapid temperature fluctuations, these batteries remain unfazed, providing a stable and reliable power source for critical space missions. The vacuum of space, with its extreme cold and intense radiation, poses significant challenges to energy storage, but nickel-hydrogen batteries have repeatedly demonstrated their ability to withstand such conditions.

Unmatched Longevity

One of the most remarkable features of nickel-hydrogen batteries is their longevity. These batteries are built to last for an astonishing 30 years, significantly outperforming conventional lithium-ion batteries, which typically have a much shorter lifespan. Moreover, they can endure a staggering 30,000 charging cycles without a significant degradation in performance. Fossil fuel peak

This exceptional durability reduces the frequency of replacements, leading to cost savings and a more sustainable approach to energy storage.

Safety and Sustainability

Safety and sustainability are paramount considerations in energy storage solutions, and nickel-hydrogen batteries excel in both areas. Unlike some conventional batteries that carry the risk of catching fire or generating toxic waste, nickel-hydrogen batteries pose minimal environmental and safety hazards. They are non-toxic, non-flammable, and fully recyclable, making them a responsible choice for a world increasingly concerned about environmental impact. Fossil fuel peak

EnerVenue’s Vision for a Battery Revolution

EnerVenue’s mission to bring the benefits of nickel-hydrogen batteries to Earth is a bold and visionary endeavor. By establishing a Gigafactory in the United States, the company is poised to accelerate the production and adoption of this transformative technology. This move signals a paradigm shift in how we approach energy storage, with space technology at the forefront of innovation.

The Gigafactory will not only boost production capacity but also create jobs, stimulate economic growth, and reduce our reliance on traditional energy sources.

As the demand for sustainable energy solutions continues to rise, EnerVenue’s nickel-hydrogen batteries offer a compelling alternative that aligns with our commitment to a greener future.Fossil fuel peak

In conclusion, the nickel-hydrogen battery, born out of the rigors of space exploration, represents a remarkable leap forward in energy storage technology.

With its unrivaled resilience, longevity, safety, and sustainability, it has the potential to transform the way we power our world. EnerVenue’s ambitious plans to manufacture these batteries at scale in the United States mark a pivotal moment in our quest for cleaner, more reliable energy storage solutions.

As we look to the future, it is clear that space technology will continue to play a pivotal role in improving our daily lives and advancing our society towards a more sustainable and innovative future. Fossil fuel peak

The Nickel-Hydrogen Battery: A 30-Year Revolution in Energy Storage

Recycling technologies – Tesla is making waves in the automotive industry with its recent price reductions on a global scale 16-09-2023

Fossil fuel peak

Carbon dioxide upcycling – MIT has unveiled a groundbreaking development: supercapacitor concrete infused with carbon black 13-09-2023

Carbon dioxide upcycling

Stellantis’ E-fuel Initiative Preserves Internal Combustion Engines Until 2050

Stellantis has unveiled a game-changing strategy to ensure the longevity of endothermic vehicles until 2050, effectively sidestepping the European Union’s “Fit for 55” regulations. This remarkable effort by the automotive powerhouse, formed through the merger of FCA and PSA, hinges on the use of e-fuels.

In a significant development, Stellantis has charted a path to safeguard internal combustion engines. This global automotive conglomerate, boasting an impressive portfolio of brands including FIAT, Lancia, Alfa Romeo, Abarth, Jeep, Maserati, Dodge, Chrysler, Ram, Peugeot, Citroen, DS Automobiles, Opel, and Vauxhall, has devised a solution that ensures the continued operation of its vehicles until 2050, effectively bypassing the European Union’s “Fit for 55” plan slated for enforcement from 2035.

Stellantis has conducted extensive trials, revealing that e-fuels demonstrate compatibility with the group’s current Euro 6 vehicles. Carbon dioxide upcycling

These experiments, conducted in collaboration with Aramco, mark a significant stride toward achieving the ambitious goal of making e-fuels accessible at affordable prices to the mass market. Such a development would extend the lifespan of internal combustion engines on the roads for an additional 15 years beyond 2035.

It is worth noting that the “Fit for 55” provisions exclusively pertain to new vehicles. Consequently, combustion engine cars purchased between now and 2034 will retain the ability to operate even beyond the 2035 regulatory deadline. Carbon dioxide upcycling

Stellantis' E-fuel Initiative Preserves Internal Combustion Engines Until 2050

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Techtextil India 2023: Unveiling Cutting-Edge Innovations and Business Opportunities in the World of Technical Textiles

The grand inauguration of the 9th edition of Techtextil India has taken place at the prestigious Jio World Convention Centre (JWCC) in Mumbai. This momentous event has brought together over 160 prominent industry players, each showcasing more than 200 esteemed brands. Techtextil India 2023 is not just an exhibition; it’s a convergence of state-of-the-art products, groundbreaking technological solutions, a plethora of knowledge-sharing sessions, live product demonstrations, and extensive networking prospects. Carbon dioxide upcycling

India’s technical textiles sector is currently experiencing a rapid growth trajectory, driven by relentless research and development endeavors, bolstered by various government initiatives, and the expanding footprint of diverse industries. Inaugurating this illustrious event, Smt. Darshana Jardosh, Minister of State for Railways and Textiles, Government of India, underscored the nation’s imperative to attain self-reliance in research, development, and innovation, thereby diminishing reliance on high-performance fiber imports. She emphasized the pivotal role played by professional platforms like Techtextil India in nurturing industry growth by providing valuable insights into global and domestic trends, products, and innovations spanning the entire textile value chain.

The inauguration of Techtextil India 2023 witnessed the presence of distinguished figures, including Shri. Rajeev Saxena, Joint Secretary, Ministry of Textiles, and other key luminaries in the industry.  Carbon dioxide upcycling

The event enjoys substantial support from the Ministry of Textiles, Government of India, and various industry associations, highlighting the sector’s paramount significance in the country’s economy.

The exhibition floor boasts an extensive array of exhibitors presenting a wide spectrum of offerings, ranging from machinery, equipment, accessories, fibers, yarns, non-wovens, filtration solutions, masterbatches, functional textiles, composites, coated textiles, and much more. Esteemed Indian companies such as Arvind Limited, Park Non-woven, Sarex Chemicals, Welspun, Reliance, and Aditya Birla Yarns are participating alongside international stalwarts hailing from China, Taiwan, South Korea, Germany, Italy, and the USA.

Techtextil India 2023 provides a pivotal platform for global business networking and fostering connections. It has attracted the participation of renowned companies such as Indorama Hygiene Group, Autefa Solutions, Brückner Textile Technologies, Georg Sahm, Karl Mayer, and many others, reinforcing its stature on the global stage.

The event commenced on a highly positive note, with exhibitors from around the world showcasing their finest products. Mr. Raj Manek, Executive Director and Board Member of Messe Frankfurt Asia Holdings Ltd, expressed optimism about the event’s potential to empower the textile industry. Carbon dioxide upcycling

He underscored the invaluable support from the Ministry of Textiles in promoting initiatives and projects aimed at propelling the growth of the textile sector.

Techtextil India 2023 also features the Techtextil Symposium, delving into critical industry topics, and the 3rd edition of MEDITEX TM, focusing on advancements in medical textiles.

Backed by numerous associations and centers of excellence, Techtextil India continues to serve as a comprehensive platform for professionals to forge trade relationships, gain insights into market trends, and share their expertise. Its ultimate aim is to position India as a global leader in the technical textile market, catalyzing growth and fostering innovation within the industry. Carbon dioxide upcycling

Carbon dioxide upcycling

Sabic collaborates on bio-sourced in-mould labelling solution

Together with three partners, Sabic is producing mono-PP thin-wall containers with in-mould labelling in an integrated single-step injection moulding process.

A new initiative from Sabic in collaboration with three other partners has demonstrated that certified renewable polymers are also suitable for use in in-mould labelling food packaging applications.

The four companies, Saudi chemical manufacturing company Sabic, Dubai-based Taghleef Industries and the two Greek partners Karydakis IML and Kotronis Packaging, announced they successfully produced the first mono-polypropylene (PP) thin-wall containers with in-mould labelling made from a mass balanced, certified renewable resin. According to the partners, this was achieved without compromising on quality, safety, processability, or convenience. Carbon dioxide upcycling

Both the cups and the label film used for the containers have been made with mass balance certified bio-based feedstock from Sabic’s Trucircle portfolio. The label material for the IML containers is a biaxially oriented polyethylene (BOPP) film produced by film manufacturer Taghleef using a Sabic certified renewable resin tailored to the BOPP process. Taghleef ‘s transparent, white and metallised PP label films can be easily customised to fit the customer’s needs, and all can be produced using polymers with bio-based feedstock.

Sabic said the feedstock is derived from second-generation sources not competing with food or feed production. Besides using certified bio-based PP resins for both the moulded parts and the label film, the resulting packaging can be recycled in existing rigid PP recycling streams.

In-mould labelling technology, in which the label becomes an integral component of the packaging itself, eliminates the need for separately applied adhesive labels on the finished packaging product. Decoration of the product takes place inside the mould. The label is placed in the mould, after which plastic is injected over the label.

This forms a permanent, tamper proof bond between label and container right in the mould, said Augustinos Kotronis, General Manager at Kotronis Packaging. The end result is a decorated packaging part that is produced in a single step.

Demand for the technology is steadily increasing, with cost efficiency and sustainability playing a key factor. Carbon dioxide upcycling


Carbon dioxide upcycling

MIT has unveiled a groundbreaking development: supercapacitor concrete infused with carbon black

This remarkable advancement holds the promise of reshaping structures like buildings and roads into colossal electric energy reservoirs, offering a transformative solution to the storage of renewable energy. Dive into the world of this innovative technology and witness its profound impact on the realm of sustainable energy.

MIT has introduced a groundbreaking achievement in the form of supercapacitor concrete infused with carbon black. This monumental breakthrough has the potential to revolutionize the concept of buildings serving as colossal electric energy reservoirs, effectively tackling the critical issue of renewable energy storage.

At the heart of this pioneering discovery lies a surprisingly simple ingredient: carbon black.

Carbon black, derived from the incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons, boasts outstanding resistance and conductivity properties, making it a widely utilized material across various industries. Carbon dioxide upcycling

Its incorporation into the supercapacitor concrete development process highlights how a commonplace element can redefine our approach to energy storage.

The Future of Renewable Energy with Supercapacitor Concrete

Clean energy stands as the linchpin to a sustainable future, yet the conundrum of efficient storage persists. A collaborative research endeavor between MIT and the Wyss Institute is poised to tackle this challenge head-on, quite literally under our feet. By amalgamating cement and carbon black with water, these researchers have crafted concrete featuring intricate, thread-like structures that form a fractal network of highly conductive carbon. This network, when infused with a conductive salt solution, facilitates the adhesion of charged particles from the electrolyte, culminating in a concrete-based supercapacitor.

In their experiments, the researchers interconnected three cement-carbon supercapacitors, yielding the equivalent of a 3 V battery. However, their ambitions reach higher; they aspire to design 12 V supercapacitors, connecting them to unleash even greater charging power. It is estimated that a 3.5-meter concrete block could potentially store up to 10 kWh of electricity, paving the way for homes and buildings to become vast repositories of renewable energy. Carbon dioxide upcycling

Applications of Carbon Black Cement for Energy Production

This groundbreaking material, capable of simultaneously generating energy, has the potential to clad virtually every residence and edifice worldwide. The scope of this innovation, however, extends beyond these horizons. Researchers are exploring the concept of constructing concrete roads equipped with the ability to provide contactless charging for moving electric vehicles. This paradigm shift could accelerate the transition toward a more sustainable world in unprecedented ways.

Nevertheless, it is essential to temper our enthusiasm, as MIT’s work remains ongoing. Challenges, such as the need to maintain the cement’s moisture levels when in contact with the electrolyte solution, persist.

However, this discovery brings us significantly closer to a sustainable future, addressing a pivotal challenge in the realm of clean energy that goes beyond traditional photovoltaic systems: efficient and accessible energy storage.

The supercapacitor concrete innovation offers a vivid glimpse into a world where our streets and homes are integral components of a groundbreaking green energy infrastructure. Carbon dioxide upcycling

Flexible packaging bio-sourced

Coca-Cola Europacific Partners (CCEP) has unveiled its second collaboration dedicated to exploring carbon dioxide (CO₂) upcycling technology

This innovative investment aims to pioneer sustainable packaging materials and will be conducted in partnership with researchers at Swansea University in the United Kingdom.

The primary objective of this research project is to revolutionize the manufacturing of ethylene, a fundamental component of plastics, including HDPE used for crafting plastic bottle caps. The initiative seeks to develop technology that can harness CO₂ extracted from the atmosphere, offering an eco-friendly alternative to the conventional use of fossil fuels in ethylene production. This advancement promises a more sustainable approach to plastic packaging creation.

This project marks the latest venture financed through CCEP’s innovation investment arm, known as CCEP Ventures (CCEPV). It is part of a series of investments geared towards fostering innovation and sustainability, aligning with CCEP’s ambitious goal of achieving net zero emissions by 2040.Carbon dioxide upcycling

Over a span of three years, the project will initially concentrate on refining an efficient and productive process for converting CO₂ into ethylene. Subsequently, it will assess options for scaling up production.

As a component of its sustainability agenda, known as “This Is Forward,” CCEP remains steadfast in its commitment to minimizing the environmental impact of its packaging and hastening the transition towards a circular economy for plastics. This investment builds on prior collaborations aimed at advancing cutting-edge climate technologies, including a recent partnership with the University of California, Berkeley (UCB) for scalable CO₂-to-sugar conversion methods and an investment in CuRe, a technology that breathes new life into hard-to-recycle plastic polyester waste.

These strategic investments are geared towards enhancing the long-term sustainability of critical raw materials and packaging, thereby accelerating efforts to reduce carbon emissions within supply chains, all while achieving cost savings in materials, transportation, and logistics. FCarbon dioxide upcycling

This announcement comes on the heels of the news that CCEP, in conjunction with The Coca-Cola Company and seven other global bottling partners, has launched a separate $137.7 million venture capital fund exclusively dedicated to sustainability investments. This fund will complement CCEP Ventures, which focuses on early-stage businesses, by investing in companies poised for commercialization in the sustainability sector.

For more information, please visit Coca-Cola Europacific Partners (CCEP).

Chemical Recycling Techtextil

U.S. Researchers Revolutionize Chemical Recycling Process with Table Salt Catalyst

Scientists at Michigan State University (MSU) have unveiled a groundbreaking breakthrough in chemical recycling using an unlikely catalyst: table salt, or sodium chloride (NaCl). Their discovery, detailed in the publication “Revolutionizing Plastics Chemical Recycling with Table Salt” in Advanced Sustainable Systems, highlights the superior performance of salt in comparison to expensive chemicals in the pyrolysis of polyolefins.

The MSU team employed table salt to facilitate the low-temperature pyrolysis of polyolefins, including high-density polyethylene (HDPE), low-density polyethylene (LDPE), linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE), and polypropylene (PP), in a ratio of 4:2:2:3, respectively. Their findings were compared with the results obtained using platinum on carbon or aluminum as a catalyst.

Notably, while platinum boasts remarkable catalytic properties, it comes at an exorbitant cost of approximately $29,000 per kilogram, whereas table salt is an economical alternative at just $0.04 per kilogram. Carbon dioxide upcycling

The pyrolysis process using table salt as a catalyst yielded 86% liquid and 14% gas by weight, with no undesirable solid wax byproduct, in stark contrast to the use of platinum on carbon or aluminum, which resulted in 54% and 62% solid wax production, respectively. The wax derived from plastic pyrolysis is typically considered low-value and requires further refining processes such as cracking to yield useful chemicals, diesel, petroleum, and gasoline.

Muhammad Rabnawaz, an associate professor at MSU’s School of Packaging, expressed enthusiasm, stating, “This is really exciting. We need simple, low-cost solutions to address a significant challenge like plastics recycling.”

While the use of table salt as a catalyst shows promise in closing the plastic waste loop, the resulting pyrolysis oil is unsuitable for creating new polymers. Rabnawaz and his team observed that the oil generated when employing table salt as a catalyst primarily consists of hydrocarbon molecules similar to those found in diesel fuel. They believe that the process can be further refined to produce liquid products with more valuable applications than mere fuel combustion, as noted in an MSU statement. Additionally, the researchers acknowledged the need for further investigation to comprehensively characterize the gas emissions produced during the process. Carbon dioxide upcycling

The study also demonstrated the successful pyrolysis of metallized plastic using table salt, achieving remarkable conversion efficiencies. While table salt did not surpass a platinum-alumina catalyst, it delivered comparable results at a fraction of the cost.

According to a preliminary economic analysis supported by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and MSU AgBioResearch, the adoption of this innovative method in a commercial pyrolysis reactor could result in a 3.5-fold increase in revenues compared to pyrolysis without the use of salt.

Notably, the research received partial support from Conagra Brands, a U.S.-based consumer packaged goods company, further underscoring its potential for real-world application and impact.

The Russian packaging industry is confronting a unique set of obstacles in the midst of Western sanctions, as reported by Packaging-gateway

Unlike previous crises marked by universal trends such as dwindling demand and reduced purchasing power, the current landscape in the Russian packaging sector presents distinctive challenges.

Amid these sanctions, the industry contends with shortages in various packaging materials, including PET packaging, aluminum caps, moisture-resistant paper labels, and critical additives necessary for production. Since the commencement of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, numerous companies have divested or offloaded their packaging operations in Russia, including Heineken, Mondi, and Smurfit Kappa.

These pressures are further compounded by regulatory scrutiny, which now extends to controlling prices not only for polymers but also for packaging and the products themselves. Carbon dioxide upcycling

On a global scale, approximately 3.9 billion tons of food are produced annually, with nearly one-third of it going to waste. Packaging plays an indispensable role in minimizing these losses. Despite ongoing efforts to protect the environment and enhance ecological sustainability, the global packaging industry is experiencing substantial growth. According to research by Horvath & Partner AG, a Swiss consulting firm, the sales of packaging products are projected to surge from $770 billion in 2021 to $1 trillion by 2025.

The majority of packaging materials used in the global food industry are derived from non-renewable resources, particularly polyolefin-class polymers like polyethylene and polypropylene. Polymer packaging, both flexible and rigid, constitutes a significant share of the market, both on the international stage and within Russia. Flexible packaging bio-sourced

More than 60% of flexible packaging worldwide finds application in the food industry, and experts predict that the global flexible packaging market will surpass $250 billion by 2024. According to a survey conducted by the Flexible Packaging Association in the United States, 83% of brands currently employ some form of flexible packaging. Moreover, 26% of these brands have increased their utilization of flexible packaging in the past five years, with an additional 31% planning to do so in the near future. Flexible packaging for food products is prevalent both in foreign countries and within Russia.

It’s worth noting that Russia is diversifying its list of crude oil buyers, as revealed by LSEG data and traders, by shipping its first crude oil cargo to Brazil.

This move comes in response to the severe limitations imposed by U.S. and EU sanctions, with Russia having heavily relied on India and China as its primary crude oil buyers following the imposition of European embargo and price cap policies in December of the previous year, subsequent to Russia’s actions in Ukraine, which Moscow describes as a special military operation. Carbon dioxide upcycling

The Russian packaging industry is confronting a unique set of obstacles in the midst of Western sanctions, as reported by Packaging-gateway

The VDMA has projected a 2% decline in machinery production for both 2023 and 2024

This pessimistic outlook stems from the significant impact of a weakened global economy on the German machinery and plant engineering sector.

The most recent production forecast issued by the Association of German Engineering Industry (VDMA) paints a bleak picture for the latter half of 2023. The sector, heavily reliant on exports, faces challenges due to a stumbling global economy and a shortage of new orders.

Up to this point, companies have been enjoying the benefits of order backlogs, which resulted in a 1.7% real growth in production during the first seven months of the year. However, this buffer is gradually depleting, and the current year’s order intake, through July, is 14% lower than the previous year, exerting a negative impact on production. Dr. Ralph Wiechers, Chief Economist of VDMA, stated, “This decrease in orders will likely lead to a 2% decline in real production for the mechanical and plant engineering sector compared to the previous year.”Carbon dioxide upcycling

In the more stable three-month period from May to July 2023, orders experienced a substantial 12% year-on-year decrease in real terms. Domestic orders decreased by 6%, while foreign orders declined by 15%. Euro countries registered a 17% drop from the previous year, while non-euro countries saw a 14% decline.

Immediate improvement does not appear promising. The uncertainty prevails, as the duration and intensity of the current global economic weakness remain uncertain. According to Wiechers, global conditions might stabilize in 2024 and potentially witness growth from a new, albeit lower, level. However, he noted, “Currently, there is no momentum, either domestically or abroad, for a robust business resurgence. Stubborn inflation leading to stringent monetary policies by major central banks, the Ukraine conflict with its political and economic ramifications, ongoing geopolitical tensions between the USA and China, and the heated debate over competitive conditions all contribute to a lack of investor confidence and optimism.” He anticipates another real production decline of 2% in 2024 compared to the preceding year.

Despite these challenges, there are positive indicators. Capacity utilization remained nearly constant at a robust 88.8% in July, well above the long-term average, despite decreasing order numbers. Additionally, the core workforce saw a slight 1.5% increase in employment in June, totaling 1.02 million people (in companies with more than 50 employees). Exports exhibited notable growth, increasing by 11.5% in nominal terms and 3% in real terms year-on-year during the first half of 2023. Carbon dioxide upcycling

Wiechers concluded on a cautiously optimistic note, saying, “These factors demonstrate that the machinery and plant engineering sector is not in crisis mode; it remains exceptionally resilient. What would greatly benefit us now are a less tumultuous environment and politically astute decisions that address the numerous challenges and rekindle global customer confidence in investing in climate-neutral futures and transformative technologies.”

The VDMA has projected a 2% decline in machinery production for both 2023 and 2024

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Carbon dioxide upcycling

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