Polymer-Additives – Flake-Sorter 07-10-2022

Polymer-Additives – Flake-Sorter

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-Kolon Industries completes tire cord expansion in Vietnam

Group’s total production capacity rises to 103ktpa to meet post-Covid demand

Kolon Industries has completed an expansion project at its tire cord production facility in Vietnam, four years after opening the plant in Binh Duong Province, north of Ho Chi Minh City.

With the expansion, the South Korean industrial materials and chemicals supplier has now increased production capacity for PET tire cords to 19,200 tonnes a year, up from 16,800 tonnes previously.

The project, said Kolon in a 28 Sept statement, brings the group’s total tire cord production to 103,200 tonnes per annum.

The Korean supplier said the move will reinforce its tire cords business, by securing a production base which offers both ‘technology and price competitiveness’.

The plant, said Kolon, features “a consistent production system from yarn spinning to weaving, processing, heat treatment, and finished products.”

According to the group, the project has been in line with the growth of the global tire market.

“Demand for replacement tires increased last year, and shipments of new vehicle tires increased this year,” said the Korean supplier.

Citing an automotive market research agency, Kolon said the tire market is recovering to its pre-Covid level as of this year and is expected to grow at an annual average of 4%.

Kolon Industries completes tire cord expansion in Vietnam

-New research “major step” toward perpetually recyclable plastic

New research from CU Boulder, published in Nature Chemistry, details how a class of durable plastics widely used in the aerospace and microelectronics industries can be chemically broken down into their most basic building blocks and then formed once again into the same material.

CU Boulder says this is a major step in the development of repairable and fully recyclable network polymers, a particularly challenging material to recycle, as it is designed to hold its shape and integrity in extreme heat and other harsh conditions.

The study documents how this type of plastic can be perpetually broken down and remade, without sacrificing its desired physical properties, the research university says.

CU Boulder says the results also suggest that revisiting the chemical structures of other plastic materials could lead to similar discoveries of how to fully break down and rebuild their chemical bonds, enabling the circular production of more plastic materials in our daily lives.

Our chemical methods can help create new technologies and new materials.

CU Boulder says the research shows the scientists reversed a chemical method and discovered they can both break and form new chemical bonds in a particularly high-performance polymer.

They do this by breaking the polymer—”poly” meaning “many”—back into singular monomers, its molecules, a concept of reversible or dynamic chemistry.

The research university says this latest method is novel as it has not only created a new class of polymer material that is easy to build, break apart and rebuild over and over but the method can be applied to existing especially hard-to-recycle polymers.

Lead author of the study and chair of the chemistry department, Wei Zhang, said: “We are thinking outside the box, about different ways of breaking chemical bonds. Our chemical methods can help create new technologies and new materials, as well as be utilised to help solve the existing plastic materials crisis.”

“This chemistry can also be dynamic, can be reversible, and that bond can be reformed. We are thinking about a different way to form the same backbone, just from different starting points.”

This advance in the closed-loop recycling of plastics is inspired by the natural world.

“It can really benefit future design and development of plastics to not only create new polymers, but it’s also very important to know how to convert, upcycle and recycle older polymers.”

“By using our new approach, we can prepare many new materials, some of which could have similar properties to the plastics in our daily life.”

Polymer-Additives - Flake-Sorter

-European rubber & plastics machinery industry “well-positioned despite crisis”

Italian domestic machinery market continues growth

Euromap anticipates 21% increase in polymer demand by 2026

The European rubber & plastics machinery association Euromap is upbeat about the future of the industry despite current energy and raw material headwinds.

While production value is set to remain flat year-on-year at €15 billion in 2022, the industry is set for growth over the next four years, said Euromap in a 5 Oct pre-K presentation.

“Looking at the trend of the last twelve years, a steady growth in production can be observed,” it added.

“The demand for processing machinery and equipment is evident in all major sales markets and will continue to grow,” the association added, noting an estimated growth of 21% in demand for plastics and polymers between 2021 and 2026.

According to Euromap data, over the past decade global exports of plastics and rubber machinery doubled from €12 billion in 2001 to €24 billion in 2021.

While Europe continues to lead the deliveries, its share of the exports fell from 54.6% of the total to 46.6% during the 10-year period.

The share of Chinese exports, on the other hand, grew “over-proportionately” from less than 2% to 24% percent.

In terms of production, total global output value grew from €17 billion in 2001 to €39 billion in 2021.

Europe’s production share fell from just under 55% to 40% during the decade while China’s share grew from 6.4% to 35%, according to Euromap data.

Noting that the order situation is currently restrained in Europe, the association stressed that the European plastics and rubber machinery industry “does not have a structural problem.”

“Like the plastics industry as a whole, it [machinery industry] is currently facing a variety of challenges,” it added.

Euromap said the supply chain problem within the industry has still not been eased while “the prices for gas and steel are exploding.”

According to a September survey by the machinery arm of German mechanical engineers association (VDMA), only 3% of respondents said they faced no supply disruptions during the month.

By contrast, 60% said they faced “serious disruptions” in supply chain.

“To put this into perspective, gas only covers a quarter of Europe’s energy needs; before the shortage, 40% of this came from Russia.

“Currently, it is only 8%, and the gas storage facilities are well filled,” it added.

As a result, Euromap stressed that it was important to develop or expand alternative, regenerative energy sources now.

As for the upcoming K 2022 major trade fair, Euromap said the industry was “in the midst of the transformation process towards a circular economy.”

“The current situation with rising energy and raw material prices is seen as a confirmation, rather than an obstacle, to consistently continue along this path,” it said

Polymer-Additives - Flake-Sorter

-EPCA ’22: Europe highest cost chemicals producing region, shutdowns encourage imports

Collaboration Creates Recycled and Recyclable Flexible Package

At K 2022, Saperatec, Wentus, and Henkel will present a recyclable package made with 35% PCR.

At the upcoming K 2022 in Dusseldorf, a prototype flexible detergent package will highlight technology from three companies. The companies — Henkel, Saperatec, and Wentus — created the prototype package, called the Wentoplex Pure R, with circularity in mind.

The process begins with composite beverage carton waste, made of paper, aluminum, and LDPE. Saperatec’s mechanical process for delaminating composite materials is used to separate the layers and recover LDPE. The recycled LDPE is then incorporated into the inner sealing layer of the new package to achieve 35% PCR.

Wentus designed and manufactured the package prototype. Its bilayer, all-polyethylene design is intended to enable further recycling. Henkel supplies the package’s adhesive, which is also optimized for future recycles.

The prototype will be presented by Saperatec engineers in Hall 9, Stand D17 at K 2022.

EPCA ’22: Europe highest cost chemicals producing region, shutdowns encourage imports

-Collaboration Creates Recycled and Recyclable Flexible Package

At K 2022, Saperatec, Wentus, and Henkel will present a recyclable package made with 35% PCR.

At the upcoming K 2022 in Dusseldorf, a prototype flexible detergent package will highlight technology from three companies. The companies — Henkel, Saperatec, and Wentus — created the prototype package, called the Wentoplex Pure R, with circularity in mind.

The process begins with composite beverage carton waste, made of paper, aluminum, and LDPE. Saperatec’s mechanical process for delaminating composite materials is used to separate the layers and recover LDPE. The recycled LDPE is then incorporated into the inner sealing layer of the new package to achieve 35% PCR.

Wentus designed and manufactured the package prototype. Its bilayer, all-polyethylene design is intended to enable further recycling. Henkel supplies the package’s adhesive, which is also optimized for future recycles.

The prototype will be presented by Saperatec engineers in Hall 9, Stand D17 at K 2022.


-Hallstar Acquires Lanxess’ Polymer Additives Production site in Greensboro, N.C.

Hallstar is gaining new product lines of brominated flame retardants and phthalate-free plasticizers including benzoate and citrate esters.

Chicago-headquartered specialty chemical company Hallstar has completed the acquisition of the Greensboro, N.C., ester manufacturing facility of Lanxess, expanding Hallstar’s manufacturing capacity, product portfolio and employee roster. As part of the acquisition, Hallstar is gaining new product lines of brominated flame retardants and phthalate-free plasticizers including benzoate and citrate esters. These products will be added to Hallstar’s portfolio of well-known brands for the industrial market – Plasthall, Paraplex, Maglite, Dioplex, Staflex and TegMeR. These polymer modifiers are for use in plastics such as PVC, PET/PBT, PLA/PHA/PSM, and SMC.

Said Hallstar chairman and CEO John J. Paro, “Our goal was to close this deal in the fourth quarter of the calendar year and, thanks to the outstanding efforts of Hallstar’s transition team and the cooperation of Lanxess’ local and global organization, we achieved that. We are proud to welcome the Greensboro operation, including all of its knowledgeable employees, to the Hallstar team.

Hallstar Acquires Lanxess’ Polymer Additives Production site in Greensboro, N.C.

-GAIA: Reducing Waste is a Climate Game Changer

The introduction of ‘zero waste’ systems in cities around the world would be one of the quickest and most affordable ways to reduce global heating, says a new report released by Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives (GAIA).

The ‘Zero Waste to Zero Emissions: How Reducing Waste is a Climate Game Changer’ report is published ahead of the November COP27 climate change discussions in Sharm El-Sheikh (Egypt), which will have waste as one of its key topics. According to the report, the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions thanks to the implementation of zero waste systems would amount to 1.4 billion tonnes, equivalent to the annual emissions of 300 million cars, much more than taking all cars off the road in the European Union for a year.

GAIA, who will have a delegation present at the summit, urges global leaders to take urgent and bold action on zero waste to meet the 1.5°C target by:

Incorporating zero waste goals and policies into climate mitigation and adaptation plans;

Prioritising food waste prevention and single-use plastic ban;

Investing in waste management systems, recycling, and composting capacity;

Establishing institutional frameworks and financial incentives for zero waste, including regulations, educational and outreach programs, and subsidies to recycling and composting.

Report co-author Dr. Neil Tangri of GAIA said: “Better waste management is a climate change solution staring us in the face. It doesn’t require flashy or expensive new technology-it’s just about paying more attention to what we produce and consume, and how we deal with it when it is no longer needed.”

“Without concrete commitment from global leaders to zero waste, we will not be able to meet the 1.5° C climate target.”, added co-author Mariel Vilella, Director of GAIA’s Global Climate Program.

“Previous climate talks have largely overlooked the potential of reforms to the waste sector, particularly for reducing methane, which over 100 countries have now pledged to do. We now have a unique opportunity to put waste firmly on the agenda. Zero waste strategies are the easiest way to rapidly and cheaply bring down emissions, while building climate resilience, creating jobs, and promoting thriving local economies.”

The GAIA report and its conclusions have also drawn praise from Janez Potočnik, Co-Chair of the International Resource Panel of the UN Environment Programme, former European Commissioner for the Environment, who states: “This report demonstrates the huge importance of aligning our waste systems with climate goals. It shows how cities are already working to eliminate greenhouse gas emissions from waste while building climate resilience and creating livelihoods. It highlights the absolute necessity of reducing root sources of waste through changing our production and consumption patterns-using all the tools at our disposal to achieve the deep emissions reductions we need.”

The report provides global case studies of how zero waste cities bring about socio-economic and political benefits besides helping to tackle climate change. In Europe, this is visible through Zero Waste Europe’s (GAIA’s European branch) network of Zero Waste Cities and the report singles out the city of Lviv (Ukraine).



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Recycling-chain – PVC-Benzene-PP-PE 06-10-2022

Recycling-chain – PVC-Benzene-PP-PE 06-10-2022

Recycling-chain – PVC-Benzene-PP-PE

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-Europe recycling chain faces uncertain future

The only current certainty for the European recycling chain is uncertainty.

Uncertainty typically leads to nervousness, which in turn leads to volatility, as markets react to each fluctuation in underlying conditions to a degree they wouldn’t normally.

This uncertainty has come at a time when the chain would traditionally be looking to its next year volumes. Many players across the recycled polymers chain have said that forward planning at the moment is simply impossible.

On the one hand, macroeconomic conditions are weak and there is a growing threat of recession across Europe. Demand from non-packaging grades has fallen sharply in September across all recycled polymers—particularly demand from the key construction sector.

Comparatively, low virgin values are also encouraging a shift away from recycled materials in non-packaging grades – which typically work on a cost saving basis – while high energy costs have limited recyclers’ ability to reduce flake and pellet prices without risking negative margins.

Geopolitical shifts remain unpredictable given the ongoing conflict in Ukraine. Energy prices—and government measures to tackle energy prices—also remain difficult to forecast.

On the other hand, sustainability commitments from the packaging sector remain high, and there has been no real slowdown in consumption of packaging – for the time being.

The gap between fast moving consumer goods (FMCG) sustainability commitments – many of which are due to mature in 2025 – and available supply has seen recycled polymer markets decouple from virgin price movements and macroeconomic conditions in all packaging-dominated grades over the past few years.

Structural shortages are likely to become even more endemic if negative macroeconomic conditions persist – which appears likely – because this is likely to lead to greater hesitancy in investment.

Nevertheless, there has been increasing talk that some FMCG producers are beginning to reassess their sustainability commitments in light of the growing spread with virgin and amid recessionary fears.

One FMCG major confirmed this week that it was already having internal discussions with its finance department on whether it should stick to its sustainability commitments. At the moment, concerns over mid-term availability if it were to step out of the market, and the favourability of deals when it were to step back in, have meant remaining with recycled material. Discussions are expected to intensify should the macroeconomic situation significantly worsen.

High energy costs also bring the risk of potential bankruptcies in the chain, which would make sustainability targets increasingly harder to achieve, as industry association Packaging Recyclers Europe (PRE) warned on September 22.

The recycling industry typically operates on narrow margins and with smaller cash reserves, placing them at greater risk of bankruptcy in any sustained downturn. Currently, the market is faced with the spectre of rising costs and falling demand.

According to a PRE survey referred to in the statement, average energy costs for recyclers have increased from a typical level of around 15-20% of production costs—minus labour and maintenance—to a current average level of 70%.

Recycling-chain - PVC-Benzene-PP-PE

-September contract price of PVC in the US decreased

Contract prices for polyvinyl chloride (PVC) fell in the U.S. in September amid weakening demand, ICIS reported.

Inflation has prompted the Federal Reserve to raise the federal funds rate four times this year, raising the cost of home purchases and muting housing activity. Mortgage rates reached 7% last week, almost double that at the beginning of the year.

The result was a slowdown in residential activity and a dampening of consumer confidence, which weakened demand for PVC for the production of building materials, a demand sector for most PVC sales.

Producers are looking to expand export sales to maintain high utilization rates of chlor-alkali production and achieve the high net profits currently required for chlorine and caustic soda.

This has led to an even bigger drop in global prices, which have already fallen due to restrictions in China, a strong dollar muting business in Latin America, Africa and elsewhere, and high energy prices in Europe.

This has affected the U.S. market and caused some buyers to worry about a massive economic downturn.

Ethylene commodity contracts for September are expected to face downward price pressure after spot prices declined during the month.

Average contract prices fell by 5 cents per pound (USD110.23 per tonne) to a new range of 106-108 cents per pound for pipe material and 108-110 cents per pound for general-purpose resins.

Earlier it was reported that Brazil reduced anti-dumping duties on PVC imports from the United States and Mexico. Brazil has lowered anti-dumping duties (ADD) on imports of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) from the U.S. and Mexico, the second such move this year that is likely to expand U.S. exports to the region and provide domestic buyers with more competitive pricing in a market that is one of the most expensive in Latin America.

September contract price of PVC in the US decreased

-Dispelling the myths about hydrogen and heating

Jan Rosenow on his research that found the gas to be unsuitable for heating homes

The letter from Prof Gordon E Andrews responding to an article covering my recent research on hydrogen and home heating contains a number of errors 28 September). First, he states that the International Energy Agency and the UK government believe that “hydrogen should be a major part of the road to net zero carbon, as it is the only way to decarbonise heating in the next 20 years”. That is incorrect. In the IEA’s Net Zero 2050 report, hydrogen makes up less than 2% of energy demand in buildings in 2050. And, as my study showed, all independent studies do not see a significant role for hydrogen.

Prof Andrews says that it is impossible to retrofit the 24m properties heated by gas with heat pumps in a sensible timescale, stating that 27,000 heat pumps are installed every year. But the government has a target for 600,000 heat pumps to be installed every year, as outlined in the Heat and Buildings Strategy.

The letter also states that such a conversion to “green hydrogen” would increase bills by 4.5%. However, this claim is misleading for two reasons. First, the 4.5% increase would be paid by all UK gas consumers to fund hydrogen in Leeds only. The costs behind the 4.5% also refer to “blue” hydrogen, produced from unsustainable fossil gas, which has clearly increased in price since the 2016 report.

Finally, Prof Andrews says that the IEA shows that green hydrogen would cost 3p/kWh by 2030.

Dispelling the myths about hydrogen and heating

-October contract price of ethylene in Europe decreased by EUR45 per ton

The contract price of ethylene in Europe for October shipments has been agreed at EUR1,260 per tonne, down EUR45 a tonne from the previous month, ICIS said.

The contract price was approved on the terms of FD NWE (with delivery to North-West Europe).

Two manufacturers and two non-integrated consumers directly confirmed the calculation.

The cost of naphtha raw materials was on average lower in September compared to August.

The base contract price is considered to be fully established when it is directly confirmed by at least two producers and two consumers.

Earlier it was reported that the contract price of ethylene in Europe for September supplies was agreed at the level of EUR1,305 per ton, which is EUR120 per ton lower than the level of the previous month.


-A high-performance catalyst that dissolves polyester and realizes chemical recycling

Professor Kotohiro Nomura’s research group at Tokyo Metropolitan University developed two high-performance catalysts for efficient synthesis of value-added chemicals (fine chemicals, monomers) from polyester(1)and vegetable oil(2). Their major finding is that simply heating a mixture of polyester and alcohol could afford raw materials exclusively.

Plastic waste is an enormous environmental problem that needs to be solved immediately, but the amount of plastic being reused (material recycling) is still low, especially chemically recycled into raw materials (called chemical recycling(3)) is currently extremely low. Polyesters, which consist of repeated “ester bonds”(1) formed by the reaction of carboxylic acid and alcohol, is used in plastic bottles and clothing. If these ester bonds could be completely severed, polyester could be converted back into its raw materials. However, conventional methods require high temperatures and large amounts of acidic and/or basic materials. Therefore, a simple, inexpensive, and environmentally friendly method is desired.

The research group developed catalysts to facilitate the synthesis of high value-added chemicals (i.e., fine chemicals) such as the raw materials for polymers, detergents, and cosmetics from inedible vegetable oils, and discovered two types of high-performance catalysts: a calcium oxide catalyst and a titanium catalyst. These catalysts are effective in breaking down polyester based on the same chemical reaction (transesterification) and have been shown to be capable of converting polyester into raw materials with nearly 100% selectivity.(4)

Calcium oxide, which is cheap and easy to acquire, has a proven track record in industrial applications. However, this research group’s idea of applying a catalyst used for converting vegetable oil esters directly as a polyester cracking catalyst is unprecedented in the research literature. Moreover, it’s implementation is inexpensive with a low environmental impact. Furthermore, because these titanium catalysts with their excellent catalyst performance enabled a wide range of applications, strongly suggesting a promise in the synthesis of polymer materials and various fine chemicals from vegetable oil, as well as upcycling(5) from plastic waste to high value-added chemicals.

This research was conducted under the auspices of JST’s Strategic Basic Research Programs and Strategic International Collaborative Research Program (SICORP). The research involving the calcium oxide catalyst was conducted in collaboration with Professor Boonyarach and Professor Kitiyanan of the Petroleum and Petrochemical College, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand. Both serve as Thai co-investigators of an international joint research project in SICORP, which is supported by both JST and the National Science and Technology Development Agency of Thailand (NSTDA).


-TotalEnergies announces EUR200 per tonne increase in PE and PP prices in October

TotalEnergies said in a letter to customers that its prices for all polyolefins have increased by EUR200 per tonne since Oct. 1, ICIS reported.

The Sept. 30 letter said Total would “review the situation and make adjustments monthly.”

Unlike other recent announcements, this figure includes not only an increase in the cost of electricity, but also rising in price additives, raw materials and transportation costs. Thus, this is the highest price for October.

Other suppliers have independently announced electricity surcharges, and sentiment on the part of suppliers appears to have changed; suppliers are looking to stem the price drop that began in May.

Total said in its letter that spending growth and inflation had become too high.

Buyer reactions have been mixed, with some players receiving several emails asking for triple-digit increases and agreeing that prices are likely to rise.

Other players were less convinced, as demand was still not impressive, and not all suppliers followed the general trend to demand significant increases.

Total produces a wide range of polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) in several locations across Europe.

Earlier it was reported that TotalEnergies on July 11 canceled the force majeure circumstances in relation to the supply of certain brands of polypropylene (PP), originally announced on April 29. So, TotalEnergies on April 29 suspended the production of polypropylene (PP) on line No. 9 in La Porte (La Porte, Texas, USA) due to technical failure. At this line with a capacity of 1.23 million tons of PP per year, a breakdown occurred at the reactor, which led to flaring.

TotalEnergies announces EUR200 per tonne increase in PE and PP prices in October

-October contract prices of benzene in the US decreased

October U.S. benzene contract prices are down 28 cents a gallon from September to USD2.89 a gallon (USD868.85 per ton) on FOB Terms gulf of Mexico, ICIS reported.

Spot prices were lower from the previous month as the U.S. benzene market was overflowing with supply as a large amount of imported cargo was recorded in the summer, when U.S. benzene prices hit an all-time high. High U.S. benzene prices have weighed on styrene exports, leading to a slowdown in demand for derivatives, further exacerbating the buildup in supply.

Spot prices rose last week as demand began to rise. However, spot prices for benzene remain undervalued compared to the average five-year spread between benzene and West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil futures.

Since reaching a record high in July, when contracts were set at USD6.82 per gallon, contracts have declined for three consecutive months.

Benzene is used to produce a number of intermediates that are used to create polymers, solvents, and detergents.

Benzene is the raw material for the production of styrene, which, in turn, is the main raw material for the production of polystyrene (PS).


-Sidel commits to the circular economy by joining R-Cycle

The global packaging solutions company Sidel is now a member of R-Cycle, a community designing digital ‘product passports’ to accelerate the recycling of plastic packaging around the world.

Using an open tracing standard, R-Cycle allows gathering of information about the recycling-related properties of plastic packaging. These details, stored on a common data platform, can then be automatically accessed and recorded by any production machinery along the value chain, from packaging manufacturers and converters to the recycling industry. This ultimately enables waste-sorting lines to identify recyclable packaging and so help create recycling-friendly and pure materials for reprocessing into a wide range of high-grade plastic products.

Francesca Bellucci, Sidel’s Sustainability Portfolio Director, Product Innovation and Marketing, says: “Sidel recently joined R-Cycle because we want to continue playing a key role in bringing the circular economy to life. Having a global standard that connects partners from around the world across the plastic packaging lifecycle to record and retrieve all relevant packaging properties will hugely benefit product sustainability. It will improve manufacturing processes as well as the quality of recyclates, resulting in the implementation of a genuinely circular economy.”

Making recycling more effective

Currently, recyclable plastic packaging cannot be separated precisely enough from waste streams to achieve high-quality recycling, and this has been a significant factor in current low recycling rates – only 9% of plastic waste is ultimately recycled, according to OECD, Global Plastics Outlook, February 2022.

There are two acknowledged barriers to effective plastics recycling. One is creating more fully recyclable packaging, an area in which Sidel is helping customers advance by fostering PET adoption, the most recycled plastic material available to date. The other is in increasing the sophistication of the recycling processes, which is R-Cycle’s key focus.

R-Cycle will benefit manufacturers worldwide by improving process efficiency and product quality. Having precise information about source materials helps speed up production, and recording product properties adds value for their customers.

R-Cycle was developed by a number of technology companies and organisations from across the lifecycle chain of plastic packaging, and Sidel will contribute to further development, as a leading provider of solutions for packaging of beverages, food, home and personal care products.

The digital product passport will also help with compliance and in providing the information needed to meet both current and future requirements from customers and legislators, such as calculating carbon footprint, and in Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR), a policy approach to make producers responsible for the treatment or disposal of post-consumer products. R-Cycle also offers a viable solution to the European Union’s Circular Economy Action Plan, which seeks traceability of plastic packaging to ensure its recyclability, including tracking and managing information about resources, and the digitisation of product data.

How R-Cycle works

R-Cycle’s globally applicable open tracing standard permits seamless documentation stored on a common data platform that can be accessed by any production facility, from plastic film or injection/blow moulding machines to converting, and filling machines, through to waste sorting and recycling lines. It enables a material’s recycling-related properties to be captured and made retrievable via an appropriate marker such as a digital watermark or QR code on the packaging.


Automotive-industry – Bioplastics 05-10-2022

Automotive-industry – Bioplastics 05-10-2022

Automotive-industry – Bioplastics

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-Novel System Produces Color on Demand

Ampacet’s FluxQF technology features a quick-dispersion universal carrier with novel machinery that provides automated color blending in quantities down to 50 lb.

Ampacet has developed a streamlined, on-demand color-formulation business with a system that marries the company’s long-standing expertise in masterbatch formulation with unique equipment technology from its 2020 purchase of Israel’s Liad Weighing and Control Systems.

The result, to be marketed by Ampacet’s CISystems (Color Integration Systems), is color-on-demand technology tradenamed FluxQF. Suited for injection molding, blow molding and sheet/profile extrusion, FlexQF teams a proprietary quick-dispersion universal color-carrier technology that is compatible with PE, PP, PET, PS, ABS, PC and PVC and a suite of Liad-developed feeding and blending equipment to automate the color-blending process so that Ampacet can make custom colors as needed in quantities from 50 to 2500 lb. Ampacet says FluxQF is a clean, quick-flow colorant in pellet form that runs like a liquid to provide a more flexible and sustainable alternative to both liquid color and standard masterbatch.

Ampacet has set up a FluxQF line at its production plant in Cartersville, Ga., about 4 miles north of Atlanta. The modular system has a significantly smaller footprint than typical pigment batch-blending systems and eliminates the need to stock hundreds of individual pigments and carrier resins. It’s also pristine, with nary a pellet nor pigment particle on the production floor, as all materials are contained and conveyed to the blending system when called for. In Cartersville, the FluxQF line operates in an environment similar to a clean room. Orders can be produced within two working days and customers receive product within four to five working days.

“The strength of Ampacet has traditionally been in white masterbatch,” notes Douglas Brownfield, commercial director for CISystems/Liad Smart. “But from supplying some of the larger brand owners over the years, it’s become clear to us that the more types of products we can offer the customer, the more value we bring, and the more integrated we become in the markets we serve.”

The line is furnished with a suite of feeding and blending technologies from Liad. These include the Color Save 100 Smart Feeder. This gravimetric feeder provides automatic quick purge between runs; a patented inner floating hopper and isolated load cell to ensure accuracy by negating the effects of vibration; precision weighing at letdown ratios lower than 1%; and ability to integrate with the company’s Spectra 4.0 real-time in-line color-management technology.

Automotive-industry - Bioplastics

-From CO2 to biodegradable plastics

A team of Texas A&M AgriLife Research (College Station, TX, USA) scientists has developed a system that uses carbon dioxide, CO2, to produce biodegradable plastics, or bioplastics, that could replace the nondegradable plastics used today.

The research addresses two challenges: the accumulation of nondegradable plastics and the remediation of greenhouse gas emissions.

Published Sept. 28 in Chem, the research was a collaboration of Susie Dai associate professor in the Texas A&M Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, and Joshua Yuan formerly with the Texas A&M Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology as chair for synthetic biology and renewable products and now Lopata professor and chair in the Washington University in St. Louis Department of Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering.

The research was made possible by the John ’90 and Sally ’92 Hood Fund for Sustainability and Renewable Products, Texas A&M AgriLife and Texas A&M University.

Creating bioplastics

Dai said today’s petroleum-based plastics do not degrade easily and create a massive issue in the ecosystems and, ultimately, oceans.

To address these issues, the Texas A&M College of Agriculture and Life Sciences researchers and their teams worked for almost two years to develop an integrated system that uses CO2 as a feedstock for bacteria to grow in a nutrient solution and produce bioplastics. Peng Zhang postdoctoral research associate, and Kainan Chen both in the Texas A&M Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, contributed to the work. The Texas A&M University System has filed a patent application for the integrated system.

“Carbon dioxide has been used in concert with bacteria to produce many chemicals, including bioplastics, but this design produces a highly efficient, smooth flow through our carbon dioxide-to-bioplastics pipeline”, Dai said.

“In theory, it is kind of like a train with units connected to each other”, Dai said. “The first unit uses electricity to convert the carbon dioxide to ethanol and other two-carbon molecules – a process called electrocatalysis. In the second unit, the bacteria consume the ethanol and carbon molecules to become a machine to produce bioplastics, which are different from petroleum-based plastic polymers that are harder to degrade”.

Capturing and re-using CO2 waste

Using CO2 in the process could also help reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Many manufacturing processes emit CO2 as a waste product.

“If we can capture the waste carbon dioxide, we reduce greenhouse gas emission and can use it as a feedstock to produce something”, Dai said. “This new platform has great potential to address sustainability challenges and transform the future design of carbon dioxide reduction”.

The major strength of the new platform is a much faster reaction rate than photosynthesis and higher energy efficiency.

“We are expanding the capacity of this platform to broad product areas such as fuels, commodity chemicals and diverse materials”, Dai said. “The study demonstrated the blueprint for ‘decarbonized biomanufacturing’ that could transform our manufacturing sector”.

Expanding future impacts

Dai said currently, bioplastics are more expensive than petroleum-based plastics. But if the technology is successful enough to produce bioplastics at an economic scale, industries could replace traditional plastic products with ones that have fewer negative environmental impacts. In addition, mitigating CO2 emissions from energy sectors such as gas and electric facilities would also be a benefit.

From CO2 to biodegradable plastics

-Next Generation Recyclingmaschinen GmbH (NGR) celebrates its anniversary: 25 years of working for a better future.

Together with customers, business partners, employees and companions from all over the world, Next Generation Recyclingmaschinen GmbH celebrated its 25th anniversary at the newly built plant in Feldkirchen/Donau on September 16.

Since its beginnings in 1996, NGR has been one of the technological pioneers in the field of sustainable plastics recycling. Driven by the mission “working for a better future”, the company has been building and developing customized recycling machines for Post Industrial Recycling, Post Consumer Recycling and PET Improvement for more than 25 years now.

NGR has a lot to celebrate

A lot has changed since the company was founded. Early on, the recycling specialists focused on internationalisation and today deliver technologies from Upper Austria to the entire world. Fueled by the global demand for resource conservation, NGR has grown strongly in recent years, has continuously developed and has more than doubled the size of the plant in Feldkirchen. The headquarters now employs 180 people regionally, working on intelligent solutions for the plastics industry. “We couldn’t have done it without support,” agree COO, Erich Fürst and CTO, Günther Klammer. “It was time to celebrate our 25th anniversary and thank our customers, partners, highly motivated employees and all supporters. “And what better way to do that than with a big gala, the jubilarians thought, and invited everyone to celebrate together at the newly built plant at the company’s headquarters in Feldkirchen/Donau.

Celebration in the assembly hall

The newly built assembly hall was transformed into a gala stage. The festively decorated location did not suggest that heavy recycling machines had been manufactured here just a short time before. Punctually at 6:00 p.m., the founders and owners welcomed the 500 international guests and let presenter Nina Kraft elicit deep insights into the beginnings of the company. One of the founders, Gerold Barth, recalled how the first recycling machine was assembled on his parents’ farm. “With little capital, but all the more enthusiasm and passion, we worked around the clock on our idea,” Barth reminisced. Josef Hochreiter, CEO of Next Generation Group described another important milestone for the company, recounting how a sailing trip around bays and beaches littered with plastic waste led to the development of new technologies for recycling post-consumer waste. Afterwards, the management thanked all companions as well as the entire staff for their commitment and dedication and gave an outlook on the company’s future plans. After a successful show performance by Jonglissimo, the guests were treated to regional delicacies. The cake, which was personally presented by master confectioner Leo Jindrak to celebrate the day, was the successful finale. With live music, the guests celebrated and danced into the evening hours in the beautifully decorated assembly hall.

Optimistic view into the future

Next Generation Recyclingmaschinen GmbH proudly looks back on an eventful 25 years. However, the Feldkirchen-based company certainly does not want to rest on its laurels and has already developed the next generation of highly efficient recycling machines for a better future.

Next Generation Recyclingmaschinen GmbH (NGR) celebrates its anniversary: 25 years of working for a better future.

-TiO2 certified for direct skin contact

Venator has become the first manufacturer and supplier of fibre anatase titanium dioxide (TiO2) to secure an Eco Passport by Oeko-Tex, making it suitable for use in personal hygiene products such as wet wipes, diapers and feminine hygiene products.

The accreditation relates to Venator’s Hombitan LW-S 100 pigment, a premium TiO2 grade for delustering synthetic fibres such as polyester, viscose and acrylic.

Eco Passport by Oeko-Tex is an independent, multi-stage testing and certification system for chemicals, colorants and auxiliaries used to manufacture textiles and leather. Its rigorous evaluation process provides independent proof that raw materials are produced in an environmentally friendly way and under socially responsible conditions.

Hombitan LW-S 100 is an important TiO2 grade in the textile industry, widely used to reduce gloss and create an aesthetically pleasing matt appearance. The pigment also makes yarns easier to spin and improves lightfastness and weather resistance compared to standard pigments.

It is now certified suitable for use in specialist textile applications where there is direct skin contact and where the highest quality standards are required. The certification of Hombitan LW-S 100 will also interest sports apparel manufacturers producing sweat wicking garments.

“Textile producers are increasingly looking to source raw materials with an Eco Passport in place,” said Xandra Bläser, global business director for TiO2 at Venator. “Purchasing ingredients with this quality mark makes it easier for them to achieve the Standard 100 by Oeko-Texlabel. If a garment carries the Standard 100 label, consumers expect that every component – every thread, button, and zip – has been tested for harmful substances and will not have a detrimental effect on their health. With this accreditation our customers have confidence that they are specifying a product from a reliable, responsible partner that adheres to the strictest safety and product stewardship standards.”

To secure Eco Passport by Oeko-Tex status for Hombitan LW-S 100, Venator worked with the testing provider Hohenstein. As part of the accreditation process, Venator’s TiO2 experts had to pass three screening steps.

The product was first cross-checked against lists of harmful chemicals including the REACH substances of very high concern (SVHC) candidate list

It was then tested in an independent laboratory to ensure its suitability for use in the sustainable production of textiles

The final step was a site visit to check that Venator had all the correct systems in place for environmental management, health and safety, quality management and social responsibility.


-Suominen unveils new tri-layer nonwoven

Suominen has launched a new premium nonwoven with a unique tri-layer structure and high-definition patterning which, the company says, enhances its cleaning capabilities.

Branded as Fibrella Strata, the tri-layer nonwoven has been designed to deliver an exceptional combination of strength and softness across a number of application areas.

“When developing Fibrella Strata, Suominen used its process know-how to create a nonwoven that has a high-definition pattern,” said Tara Millar, Manager, Category Management, Americas. “The product maintains the pattern when wet to help enhance its cleaning performance and bulk softness. Fibrella Strata’s unique tri-layer structure makes it stand out on the market. It is a combination of everything you need for effective cleaning with excellent opacity at a lower basis weight. Due to its excellent stability and great strength profile, it is perfect for easy converting and one-at-a-time dispensing, saving time and money.”

Although suitable for a multitude of industries and applications, the cleaning performance of Fibrella Strata is said to make it ideal as a premium nonwoven for the hygiene, personal care, and in particular, the baby sector.


-Solvay expands Amodel PPA capacity to address growth in demand in the automotive industry

Solvay announced it is increasing its Amodel® polyphthalamide (PPA) resin capacity by 15% at its Augusta manufacturing site in Georgia as a result of operational excellence initiatives, said the company.

The new capacity facilitates the production of innovative and more sustainable Amodel® PPA grades that offer a reduced CO2 footprint due to manufacturing improvements.

Recognized as one of the most strategic product families for the Materials Global Business Unit, Amodel® PPA has played a critical role in replacing metal in the automotive industry for more than 30 years. Today, as the automotive industry continues to move toward electrification, the Amodel® PPA family is finding use in battery electric vehicles (BEVs), in electric motors, power electronics and battery technologies.

“Driven by the needs of our customers and society, Solvay is not only investing in additional capacity, but also in new breakthrough Amodel® PPA resins for e-mobility and in sustainability at our manufacturing sites.” said Brian Baleno, Head of Marketing Automotive at Solvay.

The Augusta manufacturing site has made substantial progress in addressing sustainability, dramatically decreasing the plant’s global warming potential by 30% since 2013. Today, 100% of the electricity sourced by the site is renewable, a major step in carbon footprint reduction. Additionally, the plant has reduced water consumption and non sustainable waste by 15% and 30%, respectively, compared to a 2018 baseline.

Solvay’s continued investment in Amodel® PPA demonstrates a clear commitment to PPA and automotive transition to e-mobility. The company recently introduced two new product ranges, Amodel® PPA Supreme and Amodel® PPA BIOS, which are designed to meet new challenging requirements of e-motors, power electronics and batteries.

Solvay announces a new action plan to reduce limestone residues released into the sea from Solvay Chimica Italia’s soda ash production in Rosignano, as part of the Group’s efforts to continually optimize the efficiency and sustainability of its operations, and in line with the IPPC* permit renewed in January 2022.

The action plan represents an estimated €15 million investment in new technical and process solutions, some of which will require approval by the authorities. The plan will include targeted improvements at different steps of the production process, as well as an optimization of the limestone granulometry and quality.

We remind, Solvay Ventures, the Company’s venture capital fund unit, is extending its partnership with Longwater Investment by investing in the Longwater Advanced Materials Fund II, a fund focused on advanced materials and chemistry-related technologies in China. This investment will support innovation in new and sustainable chemistries that can be used in key markets such as transportation, electronics and smart devices.


-Trinseo eyes potential closure of German styrene plant

Trinseo, a specialty material solutions provider, announced it has initiated an information and consultation process with the Works Council of Trinseo Deutschland GmbH regarding the potential closure of its styrene monomer production site in Boehlen, Germany, said the company.

The facility, which has a nameplate annual capacity of 300 kilotons, generated negative profitability of approximately USD30 million over the last four quarters ending Q2 2022.

Frank Bozich, President and Chief Executive Officer of Trinseo, commented, “Given the current economic outlook of higher inflation, lower customer demand and elevated energy costs, we are evaluating asset optimization across our portfolio.”

Bozich continued, “The cost position of the Boehlen facility is challenged due to the current energy cost environment in Europe as well as the facility’s smaller scale, and it’s difficult to envision significant earnings improvement at the site in the near to medium term. Therefore, we have decided to evaluate the potential closure of this plant. In addition to improved profitability for Trinseo, we believe a closure will aid in achieving our 2030 sustainability goals, as Boehlen is one of our most carbon intensive plants.”

We remind, Trinseo announced that it has appointed Han Hendriks to the newly created role of Chief Technology Officer (CTO), effective Oct. 1, 2022. As CTO, Hendriks will be a member of Trinseo’s executive leadership team and will be based in The Netherlands. In this role, he will drive the development of differentiated technology and innovation, allowing Trinseo to meet unfilled and unrecognized customer needs and develop sustainable solutions across Trinseo’s innovation pillars.

Automotive-industry - Bioplastics

-Novamont goes ahead with the redundancy fund
The extremely unfavorable conditions that led to the reduction of production at the Terni site have not changed for the producer of bioplastics.
The Italian producer of bioplastics and biochemicals Novamont has announced that it will go ahead with the redundancy fund at the Terni plant, “The extremely unfavorable conditions that led to the CIGO request have not changed”, as stated by the same company in a note.
It will then proceed with the use of additional weeks of ordinary rolling layoffs, within the 13 weeks originally planned.
Novamont also announced that it has started the procedures for an application for an environmental protection development contract for investments in new innovative circular economy processes.
The layoff was requested in June, starting on 25 July, for an initial duration of four weeks. The decision to temporarily reduce production at the Umbrian site was motivated by the sharp increase in the prices of raw materials and energy, aggravated by the system costs of the Polymer site in Terni and by unfair competition from fossil-based products from Asia


Carbon-footprint – rPET-bottle 04-10-2022

Carbon-footprint – rPET-bottle 04-10-2022

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Void Technologies has received RecyClass approval for VO+ cavitation technology

Materials science company Void Technologies has received RecyClass approval for its VO+ cavitation technology, developed to accelerate the transition to more sustainable flexible packaging by reducing the amount of solid plastic in PE film. Cavitated Machine Direction Orientation (MDO), PE films produced using Void’s new ‘VO+ PE Masterbatch’ is claimed to offer 35% material saving achieved via density reduction and downgauging, and also opacity without TiO2.

The technology has now been accredited as fully compatible with the European polyethylene recycling stream, paving the way for its adoption by film and packaging manufacturers across the European Union.

VO+ is an extensively patented cavitation technology that replaces solid plastic with micro- and nano-scale air pockets to create high performance products with a reduced environmental footprint, without any gas injection or heavy mineral fillers. VO+ films are produced by blending the masterbatch with PE as part of the film extrusion process, before the film is MDO stretched. The orientation process causes the VO+ additives within the masterbatch to separate from the primary polymer to create a non-breathable nano- and micro-voided structure. The combination of MDO and cavitation leads to improved film performance including puncture, toughness, and high opacity via light diffraction without the need for TiO2.

VO+ technology offers two clear benefits for the recyclability of PE films. The first being, VO+ PE films have low density – even when very high opacity is required – meaning the films will always float in separation systems, as opposed to conventional PE films, which often sink due to high loadings of TiO2 pigments. In addition, during the recycling process, VO+ films will turn from white to clear and will retain similar properties to recycled PE resins.

Void Technologies has received RecyClass approval for VO+ cavitation technology

-EU leaders to discuss Ukraine, energy prices, security amid Russian escalation

EU leaders will discuss how to step up support for Ukraine, their joint next steps to tame soaring energy prices and coordinate their response to the fallout of the Nord Stream sabotage when they meet later this week in Prague on Friday (7 October).

In his invitation letter to EU leaders published on Sunday (2 October), European Council President Charles Michel called for a firm EU response to recent developments, including Russia declaring the annexation of four regions of Ukraine last week.

“At our meeting, we will discuss how to continue providing strong economic, military, political and financial support to Ukraine for as long as it takes,” Michel said.

Russia’s formal announcement of the illegal annexation came after Moscow held what it called referendums in occupied areas of Ukraine, which both Western governments and Kyiv condemned as breaching international law.

The informal EU summit in Prague is also set to produce guidance on the next steps the EU should take to address soaring energy prices, Michel said.

“Our primary objective is to ensure that we guarantee the security of supply and affordable energy for our households and businesses, particularly as the winter cold approaches,” he said.

EU energy ministers adopted a fresh set of policies on Friday to tame high energy costs, including windfall profit taxes on energy firms.

The European Commission said it would put forward proposals to tackle high gas prices “soon”.

But member states remain divided over what to do next, with many calling for an EU-wide cap on gas prices, but others, including Europe’s economic powerhouse Germany, opposed.

EU leaders will also discuss on Friday how to protect their critical infrastructure after European countries have already stepped up security measures to safeguard energy supplies in the North Sea and off the coast of Italy as the investigation of unexplained ruptures in the Nord Stream pipelines in the Baltic Sea continues.

The incidents have prompted some countries to send in military to secure potentially vulnerable energy systems.

On Saturday (1 October), Norway said its allies would help patrol its oil and gas platforms at sea after the explosions.

The European Commission, meanwhile, said last week it would run a “stress test” on the security of critical European infrastructure, but it remained unclear what such a step would entail.

Although not officially on the agenda, the informal summit could see another discussion on the next package of EU sanctions against Russia.


-Lanxess: certified carbon footprint for Polyamide 6, PBT and Glass Fibers

  • Industry comparison confirms significantly lower CO2 emissions during polyamide 6 and glass fiber production
  • From 2024 onward, even lower emissions for polyamide 6 thanks to second nitrous oxide reduction facility in Antwerp
  • Carbon footprints of compounds soon available

The specialty chemicals company LANXESS is one of the world’s first plastics manufacturers to offer its customers – processors of its Durethan polyamides and Pocan polyesters (PBT) – certified values for the carbon footprint of the base resins. Certification was done by an accredited verification body and includes not only the polyamide 6 precursor caprolactam but also the glass fibers manufactured by LANXESS in Antwerp. Glass fibers are used for reinforcing plastics if necessary.

“These certified values enable our customers to more accurately estimate the climate-friendliness of their products and identify ways of further reducing their CO2 emissions,” says Guenter Margraf, Head of Sustainability and Product Management in the High Performance Materials business unit. “The values are also an important part of life cycle analyses, which are increasingly being used in the automotive and electrical and electronics industry to systematically analyze how products impact the environment from manufacturing through to disposal.”

Standardized cradle-to-gate analysis

The values were calculated according to the standard ISO 14067:2018 for the carbon footprint of products. The analysis factored in all the major emissions that occur up to the point at which the product leaves the LANXESS factory gate (cradle-to-gate). These include not only direct emissions (scope 1) but also indirect emissions from the purchase of energy (scope 2) as well as the emissions that occur in the upstream supply chain, for example those associated with the raw materials used and transportation processes (scope 3).

“We were especially pleased to learn that, with 3.66 metric tons of CO2 equivalents emitted per metric ton of polyamide 6 produced, the carbon footprint of our polyamide 6 base resin is much smaller than the current published European industry average,” says Margraf. One reason for this is that LANXESS synthesizes the plastic in a highly integrated plant network at its Antwerp site. From 2024 onward, the carbon footprint of polyamide 6 production is set to improve significantly yet again when, in 2023, if all goes to schedule, LANXESS will be opening a second nitrous oxide reduction facility in Antwerp. “Reducing nitrous oxide cuts the direct emissions associated with polyamide 6 production by almost 90%,” says Margraf. LANXESS is also looking to use sustainable raw material sources for Caprolactam with a view to reducing the carbon footprint of its polyamide 6 to less than three metric tons of CO2 equivalents. The certification also revealed that the carbon footprint of the PBT base resin from LANXESS was less than that of many other manufacturers.

In glass fiber production, LANXESS also has a significantly smaller carbon footprint compared with most of its competitors. “This applies in particular to our resource-efficient Eco glass fibers, which, with a carbon footprint of 0.4 metric tons of CO2 equivalents per metric ton of glass fiber, save more than 70% of emissions compared with the published industry average. We use industrial glass waste in our production, which reduces the consumption of raw materials and energy and avoids waste,” says Margraf.

Lower emissions thanks to more sustainable raw materials

LANXESS is looking to use the certified carbon footprints for identifying ways to reduce the level of greenhouse gases emitted during plastic production. One focus is on the use of sustainable raw materials due to the significant leverage effect that can be achieved here. New product ranges such as Durethan Blue, Durethan Eco or Pocan Eco are currently being extended that contain a significant proportion of circular (recycled or bio-based) raw materials or have a carbon footprint that is considerably smaller than conventional products. The sustainable origin of those raw materials is certified according to the ISCC Plus standard (“International Sustainability and Carbon Certification”). The certification is coupled with mass balancing, which allows the share of sustainable material in the end product to be determined and subsequently indicated in a transparent manner for processors. One product example is the 60%-glass-fiber-reinforced Durethan BLUEBKV60H2.0EF. In this polyamide 6 compound, 92% of the raw materials have been replaced by sustainable alternatives.

Carbon footprints to be available for compounds

LANXESS is now planning to calculate the carbon footprint associated with the compounding of polyamide and PBT (engineering plastics). “We are collaborating closely with our suppliers to not only calculate the carbon footprints of the different compounding raw materials but also leverage further potential for cutting emissions,” says Margraf.

The certified carbon footprint as well as the mass-balanced Eco and Blue product ranges will take center stage for LANXESS at the plastics trade show K 2022 in October (booth C76 – C78 in Hall 6).

LANXESS wants to make its entire supply chain climate-neutral

In August 2022, the specialty chemicals company announced its mission to make its upstream and downstream supply chains climate-neutral by 2050.


-Teijin Introduces LCA for Carbon Fiber Intermediate Materials

Teijin Limited announced today that it has  adopted lifecycle assessment (LCA) to calculate the environmental footprint of its carbon  fiber intermediate materials. By calculating the environmental impacts of its production  processes, Teijin expects to devise ways to reduce emissions in each production process  as well as to expedite collaboration with partner companies throughout its supply chain,

from manufacturing to disposal, and to implement LCA initiatives for the entire lifecycles of Teijin carbon fiber products.

Teijin completed the LCA of its carbon fiber filament manufacturing processes in December 2021, based on which the company has calculated the LCA for its carbon  fiber filament applications. This covers carbon fiber textiles, prepregs (pre-impregnated  with matrix resin) and short fibers for composites used in diverse applications, such as  sporting goods, industrial products, aircraft, automobiles and other applications requiring  excellent combinations of low weight and high strength.

Teijin’s LCA studies, which have been certified by an independent third-party  organization, in accordance with the ISO14040 and ISO14044 standards, will provide  customers with reliable emissions data regarding Teijin’s carbon fiber intermediate  materials and thereby help these companies to evaluate their own environmental  footprints better.

Looking ahead, Teijin expects to expand the scope of its LCA activities to other carbon  fiber products, in cooperation with customers, including the makers of final products.

The Teijin Group is committed to reducing its consolidated energy consumption as well as adopting more renewable energy and recycling methods. By positioning the company to help realize a sustainable economy, the Teijin Group aims to reduce its group-wide in[1]house carbon emissions to net-zero by 2050 under a long-term vision of being a company that supports the society of the future.

-Teijin Introduces LCA for Carbon Fiber Intermediate Materials

-Coca-Cola Vietnam launches 100% rPET bottle

Coca-Cola Vietnam is introducing bottles made from 100% rPET (excluding caps and labels), across the country. The company expect to avoid using around 2,000 tonnes of new plastic in Vietnam annually by this step.

The new rPET packaging will debut this September for bottles of Coca-Cola Original and Coca-Cola Zero Sugar including 300ml bottles and offers the double benefit of convenience and sustainability for on-the-go consumers in Vietnam.

This announcement is a significant step for the Coca-Cola system in Vietnam to grow its circular economy vision and help bottles become another bottle. The safety of the new rPET plastic packaging has been thoroughly reviewed and complies with Vietnam regulations and The Coca-Cola Company’s global standards for food-grade rPET packaging.

The Coca-Cola Company has a global World Without Waste vision to collect and recycle the equivalent of every bottle and can it sells by 2030. But it’s not just about collecting and recycling bottles, it’s also about using less new plastic. As such, the company has a global goal to use at least 50% recycled content in its packaging by 2030. The Coca-Cola Company now offers 100% rPET bottles in more than 30 markets around the world.

To build awareness and encourage action on recycling last year, Coca-Cola rolled out a prominent ‘Recycle Me’ message across all its packaging in Vietnam. Sprite also transitioned and replaced its iconic green bottles to clear packaging in Vietnam in order to give the bottles the best chance of another life.

Since 2018, Coca-Cola Vietnam has been working with partners such as Centre for Supporting Green Development (Green Hub), and local recyclers to support and incentivize informal plastic waste collectors who are the backbone of the recycling industry in Vietnam. With support from The Coca-Cola Foundation, the company is furthermore partnering with Unesco in their programs to raise community awareness and find innovative solutions for plastic waste management at Cu Lao Cham and Cat Ba islands since 2020.


-2022 PET Chemical Recycling: Depolymerization Forum

Join this event to get key insights about PET Chemical Recycling Depolymerization

About this event

In 2019, Petcore Europe launched the PET Depolymerisation Recycling working group – with initial engagement by companies involved in the development of new and innovative processes to recycle PET and Polyester waste by depolymerization and reusing its monomer constituents.

Due to the growing interest in PET Monomer Recycling, Petcore Europe is happy to announce the 2022 PET Chemical Recycling: Depolymerization Forum on the 11th of October 2022 from 14:00 to 17:45.

Agenda | 2 PM CET | Tuesday, 11 OCTOBER 2022

2:00–2:05 PM: Welcome & Introduction Raphael Jaumotte (Petcore Europe)

2:05 –2:15 PM: Regulatory updates Leonor Garcia (Uetliberg partners)

2:15–4:05 PM: Individual updates by the companies involved in the Petcore Europe’s Depolymerization WG

Confirmed Speakers:

Bruno Langlois (Carbios)

Marco Brons (Cure Technology)

Inari Seppä (Eastman)

Guido Fragiacomo (Garbo)

Maurizio Crippa (Gr3n)

Maarten Stolk (Ioniqa)

Sander Gaemers (Ineos)

Fabian Lamber (Axens / IFPEN)

Adel Essaddam (Loop Industries)

Carsten Eichert (Rittec)

3:40–4:05 PM: Q&A Session

4:05–4:20 PM: Coffee Break

4:20 –5:00 PM: LCA of Depolymerization Recycling for PET – the key to the integration in the value chain

Confirmed Speakers:

4:20–4:30 PM: Bruno Langlois (Carbios)

4:30–4:40 PM: 4:40–Jason Pierce (Eastman)

4:40–4:50 PM: Mandy Paschetag (Rittec)

4:50–5:00 PM: Q&A Session

5:00–5:10 PM: Impact of regulatory EU 282-2008 recast, on different recycling project timeline

Bruno Langlois (Carbios)

Q&A Session

5:10–5:20 PM: The place of Depolymerization recycling within the whole material circle

Marco Brons (Cure Technology)

Q&A Session

5:20–5:30 PM: Interactions between mechanical recycling and depolymerization

Chaim Waibel (Plastics Recyclers Europe)

5:30–5:45 PM: Q&A and Closing Session

Carbon-footprint - rPET-bottle

-US imposes sanctions on Indian petrochemical firm over Iran ties

Mumbai-based Tibalaji is accused of purchasing Iranian petroleum products and selling them to China.

The US has imposed economic sanctions on an Indian company for purchasing Iranian petroleum products. These items were then reportedly shipped to China.

Mumbai-based Tibalaji Petrochem was among a group of companies, including some from the UAE and Hong Kong, to be targeted for the sanctions.

“Tibalaji…is the first Indian entity to face…unilateral sanctions passed in 2018-19, after the US Trump administration’s decision to walk out of the nuclear deal…with Iran,” The Hindu reported today. “…the Modi government agreed to end all oil imports from Iran in 2019, that made up about 11% of India’s intake, rather than face the sanctions.”

Notably, the sanctions were reported a day after Indian foreign minister S Jaishankar returned from the US.

Tibalaji had reportedly purchased millions of dollars worth of petrochemical products, including methanol and base oil, from Triliance, an Iranian company that brokers the sale of Iranian products to foreign purchasers, for onward shipment to China.


-Japan to pay up to $320M for US company’s chip production

Japan is providing a major U.S. chipmaker a subsidy of up to 46.6 billion yen ($322 million) to support its plan to produce advanced memory chips at a Hiroshima factory, the Japanese trade minister said Friday.

The announcement to subsidize Micron Technology comes on the heels of U.S. Vice President Kamala Harris’ visit in Japan as the two countries step up cooperation on expanding manufacturing and supply chains for critical materials.

“I hope the deal will contribute to further expansion of cooperation between Japan and the United States in the area of semiconductors,” Japan’s Economy and Trade Minister Yasutoshi Nishimura said.

He said the government approved the deal Friday under a law related to economic security.

Japan has set up its own fund to support semiconductor production, and Friday’s agreement is its third deal.

During her trip to Asia this week, Harris met with Japanese officials and semiconductor company executives to seek greater cooperation in strengthening semiconductor development and production amid China’s growing influence.

Micron was among the companies that participated in the meeting with Harris, along with Tokyo Electron, Nikon, Hitachi High-Tech Group, Fujitsu Ltd.

Micron said in a statement it will use the subsidy to strengthen production capacity and speed up development of the company’s 1-beta DRAM — memory chips that are key to advanced data facilities — as well as technology for a 5G network upgrade and artificial intelligence.

The United States is working to solidify its technology cooperation with Japan, South Korea and Taiwan, while trying to increase its domestic semiconductor manufacturing, amid China’s own investment in computer chips.

The deal Friday “symbolizes the investment and integration of our two economies and supply chains,” said U.S. Ambassador to Japan Rahm Emanuel, who has been promoting economic security between the two allies. “And that will only accelerate from here forward.”

Nishimura has stressed the U.S.-Japan alliance on semiconductors, energy and other areas.

Japan was once a world leader in computer chip manufacturing, but its status has eroded over the last two decades, and the country is increasingly worried about falling behind.

Japan has allocated 476 billion yen ($3.3 billion) in subsidies for a new factory in Japan’s southern prefecture of Kumamoto being built in a partnership between the Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Sony Group and Denso Corp.


Bioplastics Hydrogen Enzyme 03-10-2022

Bioplastics Hydrogen Enzyme 03-10-2022

-PET-bottle-chips – Petrochemicals

Bioplastics Hydrogen Enzyme

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-China’s Sinopec set to delist from London Stock Exchange just a month after its decision to exit New York

Sinopec to delist from London on November 1, citing low ADS trading volume and administrative burden

Chinese video-sharing services provider Bilibili’s primary listing status on Hong Kong stock exchange is effective from Monday

China Petroleum & Chemical Corp (Sinopec)  said on Monday that it plans to delist from London Stock Exchange, with market observers saying that other mainland Chinese companies could exit overseas markets amid rising political and economic risks.

The move comes just a month after Sinopec filed an application to delist from the New York Stock Exchange.

The world’s largest oil refiner said in an exchange filing that the delisting of its American depositary shares (ADS) will take effect on November 1. The company said the decision to delist was based on several comprehensive considerations and that the board had approved the plan.

Separately, Chinese video-sharing services provider Bilibili said that its primary listing status on the Hong Kong stock exchange’s main board from a secondary listing was effective from Monday. That makes the Shanghai-headquartered firm a dual-primary listed company on both the Hong Kong stock exchange and Nasdaq.

Sinopec said that it took the decision to delist because of the small volume of the underlying H shares relative to its outstanding ADSs, minimal trading volume of its ADSs on the LSE in contrast to its global total, and the administrative burden of maintaining the listing.

The move came as the UK economy is facing headwinds from a slumping British pound, which hit a record low last week.

“The company noticed that the London market is not big, trading volume is small, there are also various foreign regulations that could cause uncertainties, as well as political risks no matter in the US or UK, ” said Alvin Cheung, associate director at Prudential Brokerage in Hong Kong. “So staying overseas no longer offers it any benefits [that it wanted originally].”

More Chinese companies, especially the large-caps with a greater presence in domestic markets, are likely to re-examine their options to dodge offshore risks, Cheung added.

Bioplastics Hydrogen Enzyme

-System to create bioplastics

A team of Texas A&M AgriLife Research scientists has developed a system that uses carbon dioxide, CO2, to produce biodegradable plastics, or bioplastics, that could replace the nondegradable plastics used today. The research addresses two challenges: the accumulation of nondegradable plastics and the remediation of greenhouse gas emissions.

Published Sept. 28 in Chem, the research was a collaboration of Susie Dai, Ph.D., associate professor in the Texas A&M Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, and Joshua Yuan, Ph.D., formerly with the Texas A&M Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology as chair for synthetic biology and renewable products and now Lopata professor and chair in the Washington University in St. Louis Department of Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering.

The research was made possible by the John ’90 and Sally ’92 Hood Fund for Sustainability and Renewable Products, Texas A&M AgriLife and Texas A&M University.

Creating bioplastics

Dai said today’s petroleum-based plastics do not degrade easily and create a massive issue in the ecosystems and, ultimately,

To address these issues, the Texas A&M College of Agriculture and Life Sciences researchers and their teams worked for almost two years to develop an integrated system that uses CO2 as a feedstock for bacteria to grow in a nutrient solution and produce bioplastics. Peng Zhang, Ph.D., postdoctoral research associate, and Kainan Chen, doctoral student, both in the Texas A&M Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, contributed to the work. The Texas A&M University System has filed a patent application for the integrated system.

“Carbon dioxide has been used in concert with bacteria to produce many chemicals, including bioplastics, but this design produces a highly efficient, smooth flow through our carbon dioxide-to-bioplastics pipeline,” Dai said.


-Germany’s GDP estimate revised to –0.4% in 2023: Report

Projection for Germany’s gross domestic product (GDP) has been lowered from 3.1 per cent to –0.4 per cent, according to a recent report. For the current year, the spring forecast is almost halved. The revision mainly reflects the extent of the energy crisis. For example, the combined economic output in 2022 and 2023 should be €160 billion lower than it had been expected in the spring.

The gas markets crisis has severely impacted the German economy, according to the Joint Economic Forecast 2/2022. Soaring gas prices are drastically increasing energy costs, leading to a massive reduction of the purchasing power.

Despite a decline in the second half of the year, gross domestic product is expected to expand by 1.4 per cent in 2022. For the coming year, the institutes expect a contraction by 0.4 per cent, followed by an increase of 1.9 per cent in 2024.

The main reason for the deterioration in the economic outlook is the reduced gas export from Russia, which has eliminated a significant part of the gas supply and increased the risk that the remaining supply and storage volumes will not be sufficient to meet the demand during the coming winter, adds the report.

Against this background gas prices have skyrocketed in the summer. Businesses have already started to cut back their gas consumption noticeably. Even though the institutes do not expect any gas shortages under normal weather conditions over the winter, the supply situation remains extremely tight. Although the situation is expected to ease somewhat over the medium term, gas prices are likely to remain well above pre-crisis levels. This will mean a permanent loss of prosperity for Germany.

“The Russian attack on Ukraine and the resulting crisis on the energy markets are leading to a noticeable slump in the German economy,” said Torsten Schmidt, head of economic research at RWI – Leibniz Institute for Economic Research and spokesman for the Joint Economic Forecast Project Group. “The high energy and food prices, which are likely to rise further in the coming year, are causing significant losses in purchasing power. Both low-income households and businesses are therefore dependent on further support from policymakers. In the case of businesses, however, care must be taken to avoid permanent subsidies. At least the labour market is showing signs of stability; due to the shortage of personnel in many sectors, no increase in unemployment is expected despite the economic crisis.”


-The LYCRA Company announces collaboration with Qore® to use QIRA® for next generation bio-derived LYCRA® Fiber at scale

The LYCRA Company, a global leader in developing innovative fiber and technology solutions for the textile and apparel industry, today announced it has entered into an agreement with Qore® to enable the world’s first large-scale commercial production of bio-derived spandex using QIRA®, the next generation 1,4-butanediol (BDO), as one of its main ingredients. This will result in 70% of the LYCRA® fiber content being derived from annually renewable feedstock.

This change could potentially reduce the carbon footprint of LYCRA® fiber by up to 44%* versus equivalent product made from fossil-based resources, while maintaining the same high-quality performance parameters of traditional LYCRA® fiber.

QIRA® will be produced at Cargill’s biotechnology campus and corn refining operation in Eddyville, Iowa. The facility, which is currently being built, will commence operations in 2024. The first renewable LYCRA® fiber made with QIRA® will be produced at The LYCRA Company’s Tuas, Singapore manufacturing site in 2024. The LYCRA Company is currently seeking commitments with brand and retail customers who are pursuing bio-derived solutions for their apparel.

We are proud to partner with The LYCRA Company on bringing this sustainable material solution to the market. This collaboration demonstrates that QIRA® directly replaces conventional BDO and thus significantly improves the fiber’s sustainability profile,” said Jon Veldhouse, CEO of Qore®. “QIRA® is an innovative platform chemical that can be used in various applications across industries.”

The first generation of renewable LYCRA® fiber made with QIRA® will use feedstock from field corn grown by Iowa farmers and will enable a significant reduction in CO2 footprint. In addition to replacing a finite resource with an annually renewable one, another benefit for mills, brands and retailers is that there is no change in fiber performance, eliminating the need for any re-engineering of fabrics, patterns, or processes. Equivalent performance was demonstrated in 2014 when the world’s first bio-derived spandex was launched under the LYCRA® brand. The LYCRA Company has since been granted a patent for the process used to make renewable elastane from bio-derived BDO.

Bioplastics Hydrogen Enzyme

-Hyosung Succeeds in Developing the Liner Material of Hydrogen Vehicle Fuel Tanks Using Nylon

Hyosung TNC successes in development and utilization of nylon as a Liner material for hydrogen fuel tanks for the first time in Korea

Lighter material than metal and conventional plastic materials, and excellent hydrogen leakage cut-off effect

The perfect substitution in the monopoly market of foreign companies and secure the technology to lead the hydrogen market

A core material that will complete the value chain from hydrogen production to storage and utilization

Chairman Cho Hyun-Joon, “We will contribute to the future energy industry with our best textile and material technology.”

Nylon has evolved into the core material of the hydrogen energy industry.

Hyosung TNC announced that it has succeeded in developing and using nylon for the liner material of hydrogen vehicle fuel tanks with its own technology, the first of its kind for a Korean company.

A liner is a core component required to store hydrogen in the fuel tank’s internal container and prevent leakage.

Hyosung TNC’s nylon material is superior to conventional metal and high-density polyethylene (HDPE) liner materials in terms of lightweight, gas barrier, and impact resistance.

▶Superior light and safe than metal… Excellent impact resistance against temperature fluctuation

The nylon liner material developed by Hyosung TNC is 70% lighter than metal and 50% lighter than HDPE and the gas barrier property that prevents leakage of hydrogen gas is also 30% higher than metal and 50% higher than HDPE.

Metal liner is heavy and has a high risk of brittleness when exposed to hydrogen for a long period of time, whereas nylon liner has low hydrogen absorption and air permeability, so there is no risk of brittleness.

HDPE liners are used as high-pressure containers at 400bar levels, but cannot withstand the 700bar pressure required by typical hydrogen electric vehicles.

In addition, the hydrogen container liner must be able to withstand rapidly changing temperature fluctuation caused by frequent charging and discharging of hydrogen and the nylon liner has excellent impact resistance against to it from -40 to 85 degrees Celsius.

▶Expected the import effect of 270 billion won annually by 2030

The success of this development is significant in that it has laid the foundation for Hyosung TNC to enter the nylon liner market, which has been monopolized by foreign companies, for the first time as a domestic company.

According to H2 Research, a research institute specializing in the hydrogen market, the global hydrogen vehicle market will grow in earnest, including restrictions on the operation of internal combustion engine trucks in major urban areas in Europe from 2025 is expected to expand to 1.05 million units.

Therefore, the import substitution effect of the nylon material liner market is expected to grow to about 270 billion won annually in 2030.

In addition, with the expansion of various hydrogen mobility markets such as hydrogen electric vehicles, drones, trams, ships, and UAM (urban air mobility), nylon is expected to gain more attention as a liner material for hydrogen containers.

▶The complete of Hydrogen Value Chain in Production, Distribution, Storage and Utilization

The nylon liner is expected to contribute to the completion of Hyosung’s hydrogen value chain.

Hyosung has built a hydrogen value chain through No. 1 supplier of hydrogen charging stations in Korea, construction of liquefied hydrogen plants and liquefied hydrogen filling stations that will change the map of the hydrogen economy, production of carbon fiber, which is essential for fuel tanks for hydrogen vehicles, etc.

The success of this development is significant because Hyosung has secured the technological capabilities to lead the global market not only in the production and distribution of hydrogen but also in the storage and utilization fields.

Hyosung Succeeds in Developing the Liner Material of Hydrogen Vehicle Fuel Tanks Using Nylon

-EU countries agree power demand reduction targets, new levies to tackle energy crisis

EU ministers on Friday (30 September) agreed on new emergency measures to tackle the energy crisis, including a mandatory target to reduce electricity consumption by 5% at peak hours and two new revenue-creating levies to help protect consumers.

The measures, proposed by the European Commission on 14 September, aim at shielding consumers by seizing the extraordinarily profits made by some energy firms and using those to support households or help them invest in green technologies.

“Our citizens and businesses are eagerly waiting for the EU to come up with concrete proposals on how to take on currently extremely high energy prices,” said Jozef Sikela, the industry and trade minister from the Czech Republic, which currently holds the EU’s rotating Council presidency.

“The agreement reached today will bring relief to European citizens and companies. Member states will flatten the curve of electricity demand during peak hours, which will have a direct positive effect on prices. Member states will redistribute surplus profits from the energy sector to those who are struggling to pay their bills,” he said in a statement outlining the main elements of the deal.

EU countries agreed the proposals in around two weeks, after several meetings to hash out the details. In the end, they agreed on the three measures, but included more flexibility for member states to implement them.

“The Czech presidency has worked extremely hard in order to provide as much flexibility to all member states as possible. And I have to underline, without limiting the ambition and help that households and businesses need now,” Sikela said as he arrived for the meeting.

For instance, EU countries now have more wiggle room to meet the 10% voluntary reduction target for electricity consumption. And Malta and Cyprus are exempted from the 5% mandatory demand reduction target for peak consumption hours.

Meanwhile, EU countries have also pushed for more freedom in implementing the two revenue measures. These include a revenue cap of €180 per megawatt hour on cheap electricity and a “solidarity contribution” on revenues made by oil and gas companies.

While Brussels had proposed an EU-wide, uniform approach in the levies, EU countries pushed for more lenience. This includes allowing countries to “set a specific cap” on the market revenues obtained from the sale of electricity produced from hard coal.

Governments will also be able to set a higher revenue limit for producers with investment and operating costs “higher than the Union-wide cap” and exempt their chosen “supplier of last resort” from the the mandatory electricity demand reduction target at peak times.

Renewable energy industry nervous

The agreement leaves the door open for EU countries to keep existing national price caps on electricity or set new caps and taxes on energy companies at the national level.


-AI-Engineered Plastic-Eating Enzyme Could Be the Solution to Plastic Pollution

The world is dealing with a major plastic pollution crisis. The recent discovery of a plastic-eating enzyme at UT Austin could be a much-needed game changer to address it.

Research suggests that the world is generating twice as much plastic as it did two decades ago, with the majority of it either getting incinerated or ending up in landfills or dispersed in the environment, especially in oceans.

According to the Global Plastics Outlook report published by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), only 9% of plastic is successfully recycled while 22% of plastic is mismanaged.

Because plastic is not naturally biodegradable, teams of researchers and scientists are always devoting time and resources to finding new innovative ways to address the growing problem of global plastic pollution.

Researchers at the University of Texas (UT) at Austin used a new machine learning (ML) algorithm to create a new variant of enzymes that could potentially degrade plastic.

Understanding the Global Plastic Waste Crisis

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) estimates that around 7 billion tons of plastic produced between 1950 and 2017 became plastic waste that was either dumped or ended up in landfills. Plastic waste can negatively impact the environment and its natural processes, contribute to climate change, and affect millions of people’s livelihoods and the world’s food production capabilities. Chlorinated plastic can spread harmful chemicals if not properly disposed of or degraded, harming the surrounding soil, groundwater, and ecosystems.

Increased amounts of plastic pollution can also impact the health and well-being of humans. Researchers believe that children are exposed to microplastics and their smaller counterparts – called nanoplastics – more often than adults. The latter can also face adverse health effects due to microplastics, including DNA damage and inflammation. If inflammation becomes chronic, adults might need medical intervention to receive proper care.

It is well known that plastic can also harm the environment and the vulnerable animal populations living in affected areas. With the growing amount of plastic polluting natural lands and waterways across the world, it is crucial to adopt new technologies and develop alternative packaging to solve the root causes of pollution.

Researchers Develop a Novel Plastic-Eating Enzyme

Hal Alper is a lead researcher of the engineering biology team in the McKetta Department of Chemical Engineering at UT at Austin. He is also a professor and fellow of the Les and Sherri Stuewer Professorship in Chemical Engineering at UT.

Alper and his team of engineers and scientists created a variant of an enzyme called hydrolase using an ML algorithm. The enzyme is capable of breaking down PET (polyethylene terephthalate), one of the most common plastics used today, into its component molecules.

AI-Engineered Plastic-Eating Enzyme Could Be the Solution to Plastic Pollution

-CPL price difficult to fall in Oct

We have talked about a mentality-caused decline in CPL in last insight “Sudden decline in CPL spot before Risun starts up”. The panic mood was soon cleared afterwards, and prices have narrowly rebounded. Looking forward into October 2022, how will caprolactam market develop?

Based on the operation schedules of CPL plant after the National Day holiday, there is not much pressure on CPL market.

Oct CPL supply to rise, while merchant spot supply to be steady to lower

As shown in the figure above, CPL plant operating rate will be slightly higher after the holidays. But from the perspective of the direct influence on spot market, the fact may be the other way around.

First of all, although the restarted capacity of Eversun Technology is quite large, but its output of CPL is mainly absorbed directly by Zhongjin’s nylon 6 production, and the amount for merchant sales is extremely limited. Thus, Eversun’s restart will have little impact on CPL spot market.

Second, current CPL spot supply is still concentrated in East China and North China, most importantly in Shandong and Shanxi provinces. In Shanxi, Lanhua and Lubao’s turnaround plans have been confirmed. So there will be a supply shrinkage in October. In Shandong, although Hualu Hengsheng, Luxi and Lunan are running at full capacity, their supporting nylon 6 polymer production will be put into production gradually. Polymerization in The new capacity of nylon 6 polymer in October is conservatively expected to reach about 100kt/year.

  1. CPL merchant supply reduction: Excluding the factor of Lubao, it is expected that CPL merchant supply (in capacity) in North China will be reduced by about 240,000kt/year (140 + 100). In addition, due to recent compressed CPL processing fee, Shenma has cut production again, and the influenced capacity is estimated at about 50kt/year. The actual merchant supply of CPL (in capacity) is expected to reduce by nearly 300kt/year.


-Biodegradable PBAT capacity in China more than tripled

With a worldwide “Plastic Limit” and “Plastic Ban” campaign in the past 2 years, the biodegradable material PBAT has been developing rapidly, especially in China. The capacity of the new biodegradable plastic material has almost triple in the past 2 years.

By September 2022, the total PBAT capacity in China has been expanded to 936kt/year, up 136% from the capacity by the end of 2021, and up 280% from that by the end of 2020. The new capacities scheduled in the last quarter of 2022 are still huge.

Despite of the fast developing capacity, PBAT plant operating rate, or the utilization of the capacity has lingered low. The annual average operating rate of PBAT plant in 2021 was 30.05%, and the average O/R in Jan-Sep 2022 was 31.13%. In Aug 2022, the run rate has dropped to only around 10%.

Such low utilization indicates a relatively low consumption for the materials.

Despite of a series of “Plastic Limit Order”, and “Plastic Ban”, consumption of the newly developed biodegradable plastics is still low, when compared to traditional plastic materials including polypropylene (PP), polyethylene (PE) and polyesters (PET). The price gap between PBAT and the traditional plastics is well above 11,000yuan/mt for the time being. That is to say, there will hardly be active purchase under market mechanism, and PBAT consumption is mainly depending on policy restrictions.

CCFGroup has published “China’s biodegradable plastic PBAT market study” for two consecutive years of 2020 and 2021, and has updated the bi-weekly report of “Bio-degradable plastic PBAT market weekly”..

The Bio-degradable plastic PBAT market weekly report is updating real-time prices, and plant operation and weekly market review of the raw materials of PBAT (PTA, BDO and adipic acid). And it also include the prices and market reviews for PBAT and other relative plastic-grade polymers (PP, PE, and PET chip).

The report also gives PBAT comprehensive raw material cost and the nominal cash flow based on the direct esterification process for your reference, for customers’ better understanding of current PBAT production margin.

Biodegradable PBAT capacity in China more than tripled

Recycling film LLDPE Lithium 01-10-2022

Recycling film LLDPE Lithium 01-10-2022

-Could this new process finally turn polyethylene bags, plastics into something useful?

Polyethylene plastics — in particular, the ubiquitous plastic bag that blights the landscape — are notoriously hard to recycle. They’re sturdy and difficult to break down, and if they’re recycled at all, they’re melted into a polymer stew useful mostly for decking and other low-value products.

But a new process developed at the University of California, Berkeley, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) could change all that. The process uses catalysts to break the long polyethylene (PE) polymers into uniform chunks — the three-carbon molecule propylene — that are the feedstocks for making other types of high-value plastic, such as polypropylene.

The process, admittedly in the early stages of development, would turn a waste product — not only plastic bags and packaging, but all types of PE plastic bottles — into a major product in high demand. Previous methods to break the chains of polyethylene required high temperatures and gave mixtures of components in much lower demand. The new process could not only lower the need for fossil fuel production of propylene, often called propene, but also help fill a currently unmet need by the plastics industry for more propylene.

“To the extent they get recycled, a lot of polyethylene plastics get turned into low-grade materials. You can’t take a plastic bag and then make another plastic bag with the same properties out of it,” said John Hartwig, UC Berkeley’s Henry Rapoport Chair in Organic Chemistry. “But if you can take that polymer bag back to its monomers, break it down into small pieces and repolymerize it, then instead of pulling more carbon out of the ground, you use that as your carbon source to make other things — for example, polypropylene. We would use less shale gas for that purpose, or for the other uses of propene, and to fill the so-called propylene gap.”

Polyethylene plastics make up about one-third of the entire plastics market worldwide, with more than 100 million tons produced yearly from fossil fuels, including natural gas obtained by hydraulic fracturing, often called shale gas.

Despite recycling programs — recyclable PE products are designated with plastic numbers 2 and 4 — only about 14 percent of all polyethylene plastic products are recycled. Because of their stability, polyethylene polymers are difficult to break down into their component parts, or depolymerize, so most of the recycling involves melting it and molding it into other products, like yard furniture, or burning it as fuel.

Could this new process finally turn polyethylene bags, plastics into something useful?

-Domino Launches U510 UV Laser to Help Manufacturers Code onto Recyclable Food Packaging Film

In response to growing industry and regulatory demand for recyclable plastics, Domino Printing Sciences (Domino) is pleased to announce the new U510 laser coder. The U510 is a state-of-the-art UV-based laser coder for high-speed, high-precision coding on recyclable, mono-material, coloured plastics, including flexible food packaging films in horizontal and vertical form-fill-seal (HFFS and VFFS) applications.

Food and beverage manufacturers around the world are under increasing pressure to make their packaging more sustainable – in the EU, this includes a requirement that all packaging be made 100% recyclable or reusable by 2030. Under these new regulations mixed materials, including PET and aluminium foil laminates typically used in food applications, will no longer be permitted.

“Laser coders are a very popular solution for many food and beverage manufacturers looking to add reliably crisp, machine-scannable QR codes, batch and product information, and logos at very high speeds,” says Felix Rief, Head of Laser and Extraction, Domino. “However, certain new sustainable food packaging materials, including mono-material recyclable plastics, can prove challenging to code using traditional fibre or CO2 laser coders. We developed the U510 UV laser to offer manufacturers a reliable laser coding solution for these new sustainable packaging solutions.”

The U510 codes directly onto white and coloured mono-material plastics and films without the need for additional additives or laser-activated fields on the substrate. Codes result from a photochemical reaction on the very top of the plastic, creating a smooth, indelible mark without the risk of compromising the product packaging. Like all Domino lasers, the U510 is optimised to deliver high-contrast text, graphics, and 2D codes, at very high speeds to satisfy the demands of the I fast-paced food production lines. The all-in-one laser head and controller unit is completely protected against dust and water (IP55 rating) to meet the challenging demands of dusty, moist, or even sticky food and beverage production lines.

“The upcoming European legislation is causing many food manufacturers to revaluate their product packaging, often necessitating a change in coding solution. We were approached by one of the world’s leading food manufacturers for an extended 24/7 trial to replace competitor CO2 laser coders at one of the company’s main manufacturing sites,” says Dennis Gesellgen, Global Sector Manager, Domino.

“The trial was a huge success – with its compact design the U510 could replace the competitor laser very easily, and the customer was delighted with the laser performance and, in particular, with the high IP rating for dust and water protection, which is a differentiator for Domino lasers. The customer commented that the U510 had outperformed competitor lasers in all trials, with significantly improved code quality and zero laser-related downtime over the entire duration of the trial.”

The U510 was designed for ease of integration, with an all-in-one printhead and controller unit that integrates seamlessly into existing production lines and an adjustable laser head that can be mounted horizontally or vertically for extra flexibility. In addition, U510 lasers come with Domino’s extended service and support plan and Domino Cloud connectivity for remote diagnostics and monitoring to optimise performance and uptime.

“We know that new and upcoming regulations necessitating the use of recyclable plastics will be of significant concern to our customers now and in the future. So we are very pleased to be able to offer a reliable, UV laser coding solution for these new packaging materials,” says Dr Stefan Stadler, Team Lead, Domino Laser Academy.

“Developments in new sustainable packaging solutions will continue for many years to come, and Domino wants to remain at the forefront of these developments so that we can continue to meet the needs of manufacturers in all industries,” continues Stadler.



-The new white gold? Lithium!

Le Monde: “The race for the metal considered the ‘oil of the 21st century’ is now as close as it is global.” It exists in abundance especially in China, Australia and South America. Competition for control of future mining sites for this mineral critical, essential for the production of electric batteries, is becoming a burning geopolitical issue – as shown by the case of the war in Ukraine – the USA, Europe and “metal diplomacy”

It is no longer a subject for commodity specialists – we read in Le Monde – but it is already a burning geopolitical question, which interests states as much as it worries them: lithium is now at the top of the list of “critical minerals”. This metal, used for the production of electric batteries, has seen its price rise to be described as “white gold”. In the lingo of mining groups, it has also earned the nickname “oil of the 21st century”, indicating its leading role in shaping the global balance of power, a role previously occupied by hydrocarbons.

It is enough to replace lithium with gas to understand the nature of the questions about the future of this resource. This is demonstrated by the case of the war in Ukraine, when Russia substantially turned off the taps on Europe, proceeding with a “weaponization” of this natural resource. This is an example of what could happen tomorrow with so-called critical minerals, especially lithium.

This metal is fundamental for the production of (lithium-ion) batteries for electric vehicles, replacing combustion engines (which Europe has predicted to disappear by 2035), but also more generally in the entire economy. of the energy transition, among other critical minerals. “The world will go from carbon-intensive kilowatt hours, which consume fossil fuels, to very” metallized “kilowatt hours. In addition, all advanced technologies and high value-added steels use an increasing amount of rare metals. This is especially true for the aeronautical and defense industry “, analyzes Vincent Donnen, in a note from the French Institute for International Relations on Critical Metals.

Lithium is used – in an apparently modest way – in the manufacture of cathodes, the negative pole of electric batteries. But whoever controls the ability to produce cathodes actually controls the production of batteries. In short, it makes no sense to build mega-factories, such as those of Telsa, to supply the exponential consumption of electric vehicles, if a dominant cathode operator can stop supplying a crucial component overnight. This actor could be China, where a part of the world’s lithium is processed and refined. But counteroffensives are underway.

Comparison in a low voice

Lithium is not scarce. It exists in abundance in different parts of the world, but especially in China, Australia and South America, three areas from which about 90% of the mineral is mined. A concentration that not even oil has achieved with so few players. Now the race for the control of future extraction sites begins.

Lagging behind China, the United States and the European Union? Overwhelmed by the question of the war in Ukraine, on Thursday 22 September in New York, on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly, a meeting was held that was barely noticed. It was a mistake, because its theme formed the basis of a confrontation that is taking place, silently, on a global scale. At the initiative of the United States, the goal was to build a Mutual Security Partnership (MSP) in this sector, with allies such as Australia, Canada, Japan and France, among others, as well as countries with reservations, from Argentina. to Mongolia, passing through the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Antony Blinken, US Secretary of State, summed up the situation: “We all recognize that supply chains of critical minerals are simply vital to our common future.”

The competition is now as tough as it is global. It involves gigantic investments. India, frightened by Chinese control over supplies, has just launched a grand plan worth $ 2.5 billion. In Argentina, which is part of the “lithium triangle” between Chile and Bolivia, more than fifty mining projects are being studied. A European operator in the sector, who hoped to win a contract on the spot, said he was surprised to see Chinese groups winning tenders “tripling the sums offered by their competitors”.


According to the same source, Washington’s underhanded political pressure allowed a group of American companies to win the Kachi project in Argentina, in association with Ford. In this way, the automaker is sure to guarantee its future deliveries. “This is one of the deals we are working on to help Ford secure the raw materials needed for our aggressive acceleration plan for electric vehicle development,” said Jennifer Flake, Ford spokesperson.

Europe, which for a long time was confined to the role of a passive and confident customer in the logistics circuits of globalization, has also started a transformation. In January, Philippe Varin, former president of France Industrie, presented a “Report on the security of supply of mineral raw materials to the industry for the ecological transition”. Commissioned by the French government, the text warned of France’s state of dependence on these crucial resources and identified urgent avenues for the future, such as the creation of a strategic stock of rare metals in Le Havre or the creation of an investment fund. It is necessary “to develop a real metal diplomacy”, warns Philippe Varin.

Recycling film LLDPE Lithium

-Australia and Argentina cited as alternative key material suppliers for S. Korea

Australia is a supplier of important minerals used for electric vehicle batteries and other products in South Korea, but a non-profit trade organization in Seoul suggests that companies should step up efforts to diversify supply lines and avoid risks from their reliance on China.

The Korea International Trade Association (KITA) said in a report that the proportion of lithium imports from China rose to 59 percent in 2021 from 47 percent a year ago. South Korea’s reliance on Chinese lithium deepened in 2022, with lithium imports from China standing at $1.61 billion in the first seven months of 2022, up 471 percent from the same period last year.

China accounted for 64 percent of  South Korea’s total lithium imports from January to July this year, followed by Chile with 31 percent, KITA said, citing Australia and Argentina as promising alternative suppliers. Australia is a major producer of lithium and other core minerals such as nickel and cobalt.

Well before the implementation of an inflation reduction act (IRA) that only subsidizes electric vehicles using more than a certain percentage of core minerals produced by the U.S. or countries that have signed free trade agreements with Washington, South Korean companies have tried to diversify their supply lines to reduce their dependence on China for key raw materials.

In December 2021, South Korea’s steel group POSCO disclosed a scheme to invest some $830 million in producing lithium hydroxide, an inorganic compound used for electric vehicle batteries, from a salt lake in Argentina. A production plant with an annual capacity of 25,000 tons will be completed in the first half of 2024.

POSCO has purchased lithium mining rights in the lake from Australian lithium miner Galaxy Resources for $280 million. A dedicated POSCO factory will be built in the southern industrial port city of Gwangyang by 2023 to manufacture 43,000 tons of lithium hydroxide annually.

In May 2021, POSCO acquired a 30 percent stake in a nickel mining and smelting company in Australia for $240 million. Under a deal with Canada’s First Quantum Minerals, the steel group would receive 7,500 tons of nickel in mixed hydroxide precipitate (MHP) per year, beginning in 2024. MHP consists of mostly nickel hydroxide but also contains valuable cobalt hydroxides and various other impurities.



-Pellenc ST, Ampacet collaborate on recycling of black PETs

Sorting studies show ability to separate transparent, dark packaging items and direct them to the correct streams.

Tarrytown, New York-based Ampacet Corp. and Pellenc ST, Pertuis, France, are partnering to develop methods to assess the detectability of dark polyethylene terephthalate (PET) packaging in optical sorting.

Plastics separated into mono-material streams at material recovery facilities (MRFs) are scanned by near-infrared technology (NIR) to recognize the resin type used in plastic articles but are limited by NIR’s inability to separate plastics that contain carbon black, the most commonly used black pigment. Carbon black absorbs the most part of the infrared spectrum, preventing the backscattering of infrared light to the NIR spectrometer and consequently blocking the recognition of the resin’s fingerprint.

Such mixed plastic packaging ends in a residual fraction, which is disposed of mainly through incineration rather than recycled. Ampacet says it has developed alternative black masterbatch coloring under its Rec-NIR-Black brand that can be sorted using conventional NIR technologies and be effectively recycled.

PET recyclers are equipped with visible optical sensors that sort PET streams by colors, but identifying transparent and dark plastic can be troublesome. Due to the use of black conveyor belts, the visible domain spectrometers positioned above can struggle to distinguish dark containers from transparent ones, directing the dark packaging to the transparent stream.

PellencST says sorting tests conducted on PET containers colored with Ampacet’s REC-NIR-BLACK allowed it to establish the optimal conditions and adjust the computer algorithm to differentiate transparent packaging from dark and send them to the correct streams.



-What Are The Many Uses of Jute Fibers?

Jute, a natural fiber, is important in developing composite materials that have shown promise in domestic, automotive, and medical industries among others.

Jute plants thrive best in grassy soil with 125-150 mm of rainfall each month, mild to moderate temperatures (20-40°C), and high relative humidity (70-80%). Jute is a bast fiber that is grown in plantations and harvested as the plant develops. The plants are then frequently retted in slow running water to allow the fibers to be removed easily.

Why is the Treatment of Jute Fibers Necessary?

As per the latest research published in the journal Polymers, Jute, as a natural fiber, has various flaws including being readily decayed, combustible, thermally degradable, and having a high susceptibility to moisture, making it impractical for use in goods in its raw state. As a result, it requires further alteration for use in the manufacturing of sustainable products.

Use of Jute as a Construction Material

The application of jute fiber as the reinforcement material in polymeric matrix composites has led to a whole new world of possibilities for construction material applications.

Jute composite materials can be an exceptionally cost-effective resource for the construction industry, specifically for the manufacturing of compartment and unfounded ceiling panels, window and door frames, mobile or pre-fabricated buildings that can be used during natural disasters such as hurricanes, seismic activity, floods, and so on.

Household Applications of Jute Fibers

Jute is also utilized in home furnishings such as armchairs, decorative items, roofing, bags, tables, and bath units. Jute may be used as a wood replacement on the inside of a structure. Jute-FRP (fiber reinforced polymer) skin doors have the potential to be used in individual homes, workplaces, educational institutions, healthcare facilities, and research labs, among other places.

Water resistance, flame retardancy, chemical resistance, versatility, and other unique properties distinguish FRP-PUF sandwich composite gates from those built from typical monolithic materials. An expense and weight comparison of FRP gates to traditional wooden doors found that substituting typical wooden doors with FRP doors might yield cost and weight reductions of 40% and 60%, respectively, as per the research published in the journal GSC Advanced Research and Reviews.

Uses in the Automotive Industry

Natural fiber (jute) composites are extensively employed in a variety of automotive applications such as molded door panels, insulating layers, headliners, carpeting, door pads, and so on. Because of its diverse qualities such as lighter weight, strength-to-weight ratio, cheap cost, the convenience of structural construction, and high strength, form, weight, rigidity, resilience, and elasticity, hybrid jute composite materials are employed in a wide range of automotive applications.

Companies may want to use a jute fiber composite mat for items that need the qualities of wood but have a form that cannot be manufactured with regular wood material. These organic fiber composite applications are growing in favor of a more sustainable alternative to pricey synthetic fibers.

What Are The Many Uses of Jute Fibers?

-OQ unveils flexible packaging with series of multilayer solutions

To meet market expectations regarding flexible packaging, OQ has developed a portfolio of film packaging solutions designed for a wide range of film extrusion applications, including PP, LLDPE and HDPE grades, that are able to meet these essential requirements, providing consistent quality, performance with competitive costs. This portfolio includes several innovative and reliable multilayer food packaging solutions.

HP4102M, for example, is a homopolymer polypropylene designed for CPP and is suitable to produce metallizable and lamination films. It is commonly used for confectionery packaging and food products requiring an aroma barrier and is popular with packaging manufacturers due to its good processability, high gloss and clarity, and mechanical properties.

OQ has also developed a robust range of HDPE and LLDPE film grades to support mono and multilayer film structures providing solutions for a wide range of applications. For instance, the DFDA-7042/7047 and DFDC 7080/7050 grades – boasting high gloss and excellent draw down qualities, as well as good tensile strength and toughness.

Meanwhile, key features of DGDZ-6095 and DGDZ-6097 HDPE grades include high film strength and tensile properties give the ability to provide additional stiffness to multilayer structures. Furthermore, OQ’s HPR1018HA metallocene mLLDPE grade features excellent toughness and sealing properties an ideal partner in formulating solutions for multi-layer performance film structures.

OQ currently produces 19 flexible packaging grades, 11 of which serve the key food packaging market segment. All of which are suitable for blend or majority components in both mono layer and multi-layer film solutions. Trevor Robinson, Global Head of Marketing at OQ, commented: “Our innovative and high-performance products and services, often lead our customers to more cost-effective solutions outperforming the original. And with a network of regional offices and technical service teams located in key markets such as the Middle East, China, Singapore and Turkey, we can provide customers with timely advice, troubleshooting and answers to questions.”

OQ is continuously striving to innovate and stay ahead of trends. Its product development lab represents the beating heart of this culture – here, various product development activities including properties and raw material selection are evaluated to optimise the productperformance.




-Scientists improve process for turning hard-to-recycle plastic waste into fuel

Turning plastic waste into useful products through chemical recycling is one strategy for addressing Earth’s growing plastic pollution problem. A new study may improve the ability of one method, called pyrolysis, to process hard-to-recycle mixed plastics — like multilayer food packaging — and generate fuel as a byproduct, the scientists said.

Pyrolysis involves heating plastic in an oxygen-free environment, causing the materials to break down and creating new liquid or gas fuels in the process. Current commercial applications, however, either operate below the necessary scale or can only handle certain type of plastics, the scientists said.

“We have a very limited understanding of mixed-plastic pyrolysis,” said Hilal Ezgi Toraman, assistant professor of energy engineering and chemical engineering at Penn State. “Understanding the interaction effects between different polymers during advanced recycling is very important while we are trying to develop technologies that can recycle real waste plastics.”

The scientists conducted co-pyrolysis of two of the most common types of plastic, low-density polyethylene (LDPE) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET), along with different catalysts to study the interaction effects between the plastics. They found one catalyst may be a good candidate for converting mixed LDPE and PET waste into valuable liquid fuels. Catalysts are materials added to pyrolysis that can aid the process, like inducing the plastic to break down selectively and at lower temperatures.

“This type of work can allow us to provide guidelines or suggestions to industry,” said Toraman, who is the Virginia S. and Philip L. Walker Jr. Faculty Fellow in the John and Willie Leone Family Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering at Penn State. “It’s important to discover what kind of synergies exist between these materials during advanced recycling and what types of applications they may be right for before scaling up.”

The plastics, LDPE and PET, are commonly found in food packaging, which often consists of layers of different plastic material that are engineered to keep products fresh and safe, but are also difficult to recycle with traditional processes because the layers have to be separated, which is an expensive process.

“If you want to recycle them, you need to basically separate those layers and maybe do something with the single streams,” Toraman said. “But pyrolysis can handle it, so it’s a very important option. It’s not easy to find such a technique that can accept that messy complexity of the these different plastic materials.”

The first step to developing new commercial pyrolysis processes hinges on having a better mechanistic understanding of how dynamic plastic waste mixtures decompose and interact, the scientists said.

The scientists conducted pyrolysis on LDPE and PET separately and together and observed interaction effects between the two polymers during tests with each of three catalysts they used. The scientists reported the findings in the journal Reaction Chemistry & Engineering.

“We saw products that can be very good candidates for gasoline application,” Toraman said.

The team also developed a kinetic model that was able to accurately model the interaction effects observed during co-pyrolysis of LDPE and PET with each of the catalysts. Kinetic models attempt to predict the behavior of a system and are important for better understanding why reactions are occurring.

Toraman’s research group focuses on doing experiments under well-defined and well-controlled conditions to understand interaction effects during advanced recycling of mixed plastics and the corresponding reaction mechanisms.

“Systematic and fundamental studies on understanding reaction pathways and developing kinetic models are the first steps toward process optimization,” Toraman said. “If we don’t have our kinetic models right, our reaction mechanisms accurately, then if we scale up for pilot plants or large-scale operations, the results won’t be accurate.”

Toraman said she hopes the research leads to better environmental responsibility in the recovery, processing and utilization of Earth resources.

A global analysis of all mass-produced plastics found that a total of 8.3 billion metric tons of new plastics is estimated to be generated worldwide to date. As of 2015, 79% of plastic waste, which contains numerous hazardous chemicals, has been left to accumulate in landfills or natural environments with approximately 12% incinerated and only 9% recycled.

“Whatever we do is better than doing nothing,” Toraman said. “We need to include those plastics into the economy again, to have a circular economy, otherwise they will just end up in landfills, leaching potentially toxic substances into the soil and water or contaminate oceans. So doing something, finding a value, is better than nothing. Plastics are currently considered as waste because we treat these valuable resources as waste.”

Other Penn State researchers on this project were Sean Timothy Okonsky, doctoral student in the Department of Chemical Engineering, and J.V. Jayarama Krishna, postdoctoral researcher in the John and Willie Leone Family Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering.




PET Flake Pyrolysis PSF 30-09-2022

Circular Textile Pyrolysis PSF 30-09-2022

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-Symphony Environmental sees ‘significant increase’ in Indian sales

The developer of technology to make ordinary plastic biodegradable said legal changes designed to combat plastic pollution is driving demand

Symphony Environmental Technologies PLC said its joint venture in India reported a “significant increase” in sales of its d2w biodegradable technology after being formed last November.

The d2w masterbatch technology being sold by the joint venture with Indorama Corporation enables the manufacturing of non-biodegradable plastics into biodegradable and environmentally safe products.

Sales are expected to increase to more than £250,000 per month from early 2023, the AIM-listed company said, based on current enquiry and order activity.

Further investment is being made by Symphony India to enhance its marketing and sales capability, with five new experienced employees expected to join shortly in order to try and win a greater share of a market that the pair estimate could generate over £10mln in annual sales during the course of 2024.

Symphony said the demand is being driven by legal changes in July that permit government-approved biodegradable plastic products to be exempted from restrictions that would ban most plastic film products unless they are above a certain thickness.

Manufacturers and brand owners using certified biodegradable plastic materials will be free from this obligation, it said, meaning d2w technology has “a competitive advantage in a country with a population of circa 1.4bn”.

Michael Laurier, CEO of Symphony, said: “India is a country whose environment suffers from serious plastic pollution, but plastics are vital for food safety in this populous nation. These progressive regulations are therefore a welcome step in combatting plastic pollution.

Symphony Environmental sees ‘significant increase’ in Indian sales

-Indian PSF producers may get respite as ban on PET flake import eased

Indian polyester staple fibre producers can expect better supply of raw materials as the Union government has eased imports of PET flake chip (HS code 39076110 and 39076930) with some conditions. Earlier, the imports of PET bottle waste/scrap/PET flake made from used PET bottles were totally restricted by the ministry of environment to control dumping of scrap.

During the Sustainable Textiles Summit 2022 in New Delhi last week, some experts had raised concerns about the tight supply of used PET bottle and its downstream products. They said that sustainability in the textile sector demands technological development and a proactive approach towards the entire value chain. Earlier, India generated thousands of tons of used PET bottles for reuse. The technological developments increased its consumption and today the supply has become tighter for the polyester value chain.

The upward trend seen in the global markets also paints the same picture. According to data from Fibre2Fashion’s market insight tool TexPro, now re-PET bottle flake prices increased to CNY 5,400 per MT in the Chinese market from CNY 4,000 per MT during COVID-19. In the beginning of this year, it was priced at CNY 4,800 per MT. Therefore, the product’s price increased by more than 10 per cent this year. It had recorded the highest price of CNY 7,400 per MT in 2018.

The government issued a notification in mid-September which permitted imports of the product by the consumer industry on certain conditions. PET flake chip can be imported under authorisation from Director General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) and subject to NOC from the ministry of environment in accordance. A unit will be eligible for import only if it has used domestic waste to the extent of at least 70 per cent of the capacity in the previous year. The unit can import up to 20 per cent of its production in 2021-22.




-Arkema increases its global Pebax® elastomer capacity expansion for 2023 to +40%

Arkema boosts its previously announced global Pebax® elastomer capacity expansion at its Serquigny, France site from +25% to +40% in two separate phases, firstly in Q1 2023 by raising global capacity by 15%, the additional 25% starting in Q3 2023.

The greater increase in Pebax® elastomer capacity will support the strong demand from partner customers in the sports, consumer electronics, medical and industrial markets, who recognize the highly specialized Pebax® grades’ lightweight, flexibility and exceptional energy return. Applications range from ultra-fast running shoes to catheters or flexible device screens.

Beyond this new capacity expansion in France and to support the growth of its global customers, the Group is currently assessing further investment opportunities, including in Asia.

As customer demand is increasingly driven by sustainability and social responsibility, over the last few years Arkema has benefited from strong growth in particular for its bio-based Pebax® Rnew® grades, derived from renewable castor beans. These materials have a significantly lower carbon footprint thanks to their bio-based content and can be fully recycled as part of Arkema’s Virtucycle® recycling program for advanced polymers.

The Group continues to innovate and invest to further improve its materials’ carbon footprint.

Circular Textile Pyrolysis PSF

-Lotte Chemical produces polycarbonate using pyrolysis oil-based naphtha

Lotte Chemical, a major chemical company based in South Korea, has produced polycarbonate, a high-value-added petrochemical product, by using pyrolysis oil-based naphtha made by recycling waste plastic.  polycarbonates are strong, tough materials with many applications. They are easily worked, molded, and thermoformed.

Pyrolysis is a chemical recycling process that can convert plastics into high-quality oil using extreme heat and pressure. Recycled oil is processed into medium crude and light oil. Previously, pyrolysis oil has not been used as a raw material for the production of petrochemical products due to impurities and concerns over air pollution. Previously, pyrolysis oil has not been used as a raw material for the production of petrochemical products due to impurities and concerns over air pollution.

Waste plastic pyrolysis oil can be recycled as naphtha, a basic raw material for petrochemical products, through a post-treatment process of removing impurities. Lotte Chemical has received waste plastic pyrolysis naphtha from Hyundai Oilbank, a petroleum and refining company affiliated with South Korea’s Hyundai shipbuilding group, and put it into the naphtha cracking center in its plant in the southern industrial port city of Yeosu.

Polycarbonates produced by Lotte Chemical carry ISCC PLUS certification, a sustainability certification program for bio-based and circular raw materials. “We will expand the chemical recycling business, including the production of pyrolysis naphtha-based products, and take the lead in building a virtuous cycle of resources,” Lotte Chemical’s basic materials business head Hwang Jin-gu said in a statement on December 28.



-Metnin™ technology is a lignin refinery – sustainable path to replace old based chemistry in high value end user products

Summary Of The Technology

METNIN™ Technology is developed to refine lignin to end-user specific characteristics. Our technology is agnostic to lignin source and provides the missing link in the value-chain between crude lignin and high value lignin fractions for specific end user products. Metnin™ is enabling lignin valorisation towards wide range of drop-in sustainable solutions in e.g. coatings, resins, plasticizers, polyurethanes, and moisture/humidity resistance packaging. MetGen’s technology has been proven in multiple pre-commercial installations and enables cost-efficient conversion of lignin into cascade of intermediate building blocks of specific molecular size.Basic engineering package, CAPEX and OPEX estimate available.

Details Of The Technology Offer

Together with sugars and proteins, and to a lesser extent oils and fibres, lignin as a lignocellulosic biomass derived intermediate is one of the pillars of the foundation of the European Circular Bioeconomy. The EU-28 Bioeconomy market sectors were worth €2100 billion in turnover and accounted for more than 18 million jobs in 2013. To ensure its position in the increased global competition, involved industrial sectors need to innovate and further diversify, making the sustainable use of lignin as renewable resource extremely relevant.

Biobased chemicals and raw materials are expected to grow significantly and increase their market share. An assessment done by the European Commission has indicated that bio-based products and biofuels represent approximately € 57 billion in annual revenue and involve 300,000 jobs. According to forecasts, the biobased share of all chemical sales will rise to 22% by 2020, with a compounded annual growth rate of close to 20% (EC Europa, ec.europa.eu/growth/sectors/biotechnology/bio-based-products_en). To realise the required shift from fossil-based industries to real bioeconomy and biobased industries, there is an urgent demand for biobased chemical, materials, and fuels as sustainable and renewable alternatives.

The total market value for lignin-derived products is at $3.3B, with energy capturing about 89 % of the market. Lignin is currently being used for low and medium-value applications (e.g. binding and dispersing agents), representing a market of $730 million. Other markets include vanillin production ($192M) and cement additives ($176M). The market has both high-value applications, such as carbon fibres and phenols, as well as lower value applications such as binders and activated carbon. The lowest value use of lignin is its use as solid fuel as energy content of the lignin is in the range of 22 MJ/kg. Today, the commercial sales of lignin are limited but growing. Even though the pulp & paper industry produces about 50 million tons of lignin in a year, as defined by Lux Research, most of this is burned for power; only 1 million ton reaches the chemicals market. Thus, the supply of lignin from other sources is set to grow, as the growing need for lignin for the production of renewable biochemicals from lignocellulosic feedstocks alone is projected to grow up to 2.9 million MT in 2017. This brings huge opportunities for the creation of higher-value chemicals such as polyurethanes, epoxy resins, and lignin-based phenol-formaldehyde resins. Lignin is suitable for the production of a variety of straight chain, cyclic and aromatic chemicals, with market sizes ranging from tens of millions of dollars up to hundred-billion-dollar range. The potential market value of new lignin-based products is estimated to be about $13.9B by 2020-2025, with lignin-based phenols and carbon fibre poised to capture the largest market potential in the future. The market for carbon fibre composites and bioplastics is estimated to be over $20 B by 2020, and the phenol market in 2010 was $100 B.

Metnin™ technology is a lignin refinery - sustainable path to replace old based chemistry in high value end user products

-EURATEX & partners launch CISUTAC to aid circular textile sector

A consortium of 27 partners including EURATEX (European Apparel and Textile Confederation) has launched the new Horizon Europe project CISUTAC (Circular and Sustainable Textiles and Clothing) to support the transition to a circular and sustainable textile sector and economy. CISUTAC aims to remove current bottlenecks in order to increase textile circularity in Europe.

The objective of the project is to minimise the sector’s total environmental impact by developing new, sustainable, and integrated large-scale European value chains, according to a press release by EURATEX.

The project will include most parts of the textile sector: comprising the two groups of fibres that represent almost 90 per cent of all textile fibres (polyester and cotton/cellulose) and focusing on products from three sub-sectors experiencing most circularity bottlenecks (fashion garments, sports and outdoor goods, and workwear).

CISUTAC will follow a holistic approach covering the technical, sectoral, and socio-economic aspects of textile value chain, and will perform three pilot phases to demonstrate the feasibility and value of repair and disassembling; sorting (for reuse and recycling); and circular garments through fibre-to-fibre recycling and design for circularity.

To realise these pilots, the consortium partners will develop semi-automated workstations, analyse infrastructure and material flows, digitally enhance sorting operations (for reuse and recycling), and raise awareness among consumers and the textile industry.

EURATEX & partners launch CISUTAC to aid circular textile sector

-Report: Sorting for circularity Europe

Today, Fashion for Good concludes the „Sorting for Circularity Europe“ project, and in collaboration with Circle Economy, releases a report detailing the findings of the 16-month analysis.

The analysis indicates that 74%, a total of 494,000 tonnes, of low-value, post-consumer textiles is readily available for fibre-to-fibre recycling in six European countries. This represents the potential to generate an additional €74 million per year in value by reintroducing sorted and recycled textiles back into the value chain.

The Sorting for Circularity Europe Project was initiated to address this knowledge gap, exploring post-consumer textiles in depth, providing meaningful information on which to base investment decisions, policy developments and next steps towards circularity. Furthermore, the project aims to increase harmonisation between the sorting and recycling industry, stimulating a recycling market for unwanted textiles that can generate new revenue streams for sorters and unlock demand for recyclers and brands.

Conducting the analyses across Europe, in Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, and the United Kingdom, the project provides the most comprehensive and representative snapshot of textile waste composition in Europe to date. The results point to promising opportunities for recapturing value while diverting textiles from downcycling and incineration. The results also inform brands of the best circular design practises to adopt, as well as textile collection agencies and organisations to build the necessary infrastructure and better educate and engage consumers on proper sorting and disposal practices.

Leaping forward through technology

Using innovative Near Infrared (NIR) technology to determine garment composition, traditionally a task performed manually, the project analysed a total of 21 tonnes of post-consumer garments. On-the-ground examinations were performed over two time periods, autumn/winter 2021 and spring/summer 2022, to account for seasonal changes in the types of garments entering sorting facilities.

Cotton was found to be the dominant fibre (42%), followed by a large presence of material blends (32%), almost half of which consisted of polycottons (12%). Based on three characteristics, material composition, presence of disruptors, such as zippers and buttons, and colour, 21% of the materials analysed are deemed suitable as feedstock for mechanical recycling, while 53% are suitable for chemical recycling. This presents a significant opportunity for circularity, as currently only 2% of post consumer textiles are diverted to fibre-to-fibre recycling.




-White beetle inspired natural pigment offers replacement for titanium dioxide

Cambridge-based biotech start-up, Impossible Materials, has developed a sustainable cellulose-derived white pigment to replace “unsafe” titanium dioxide (TiO2) across food and pharma industries.

The novel compound, inspired by the white Cyphochilus beetle, offers a 100% natural ingredient at a time when businesses are actively seeking plant-based alternatives, following an EU ban on TiO2, says Dr Lukas Schertel, CEO & Co-founder at Impossible Materials.

“Producers of plant-based foods and dairy products are under immense pressure to replace TiO2 whilst no high-performance, plant-based solution is available.

“Our material comes with appealing properties for these markets, for example, it is tasteless, and cellulose is already used in plant-based food formulations. It could also be used in higher doses than other white pigments in these segments as it does not affect the formulation properties.”

Circular process

The proprietary compound developed by Impossible Materials mimics the activity of Cyphochilus beetle scales that scatter light giving the insect a bright white colour.

Plant-based cellulose performs a similar function and is safe for human consumption. It is widely available, biocompatible and easy to process. In addition, it has high opacity and stability, and the circular development process offers a sustainable substitute with superior performance, according to Dr Schertel.

While still in early development, sample testing has demonstrated product performance in wet and dry applications.

Dr Schertel confirms the company is currently working with a number of customers in major healthcare sectors and expects cost-competitive commercial scale production will be achieved by 2024/25.

“We are focused on value generation through putting effort in the circularity of the process and turning waste streams into high value products as well as working closely with customers to solve their pain points,” he explains.

“This might challenge time to scale but will improve the techno-economics at scale and the impact (environmental and health) of our products.”

Safety concerns

Titanium dioxide is routinely added to bakery products, soups, broths, sauces, salads, and processed nuts, as well as confectionery and food supplements to make products visually appealing and provide whiteness and opacity.

However, the European Food Safety Authority (EFS) implemented a ban on TiO2 as a food additive (E171) last year after ruling the compound unsafe due to possible links with inflammation and neurotoxicity.

Member states have since removed the ingredient from food products, although the UK is standing firm and both the Food Standards Agency (FSA) and Food Standards Scotland (FSS) have resisted imposing a similar ban, which creates disruption and complications for manufacturers.




Plastic automotive Interior Recycling 29-09-2022

Plastic automotive Interior Recycling 29-09-2022

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Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

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-Chase Plastics grows fast to meet demand for packaging recyclates

The recycler, a recipient of £1m in UK Government funding under the Resource Action Fund, has increased plastic packaging recycling volumes with the installation of a new recycling line.

Chase Plastics’ success, underpinned by the demand for rPE generated by the Plastic Packaging Tax (PPT), has also been supported by the business improvement programme undertaken since acquisition in 2018.

In addition to increasing recycling capacity, the grant awarded by WRAP, which administers the fund on behalf of Defra, enables the further development of Chase Plastics’ Recothene rPE range.

Designed to incentivise manufacturers to use recycled content the PPT has fuelled the clamour for high quality recyclates that do not compromise the performance levels of plastic packaging.

Through the expansion of its Recothene range, Chase Plastics can better support customers redesigning high performance packaging to comply with the tax.

Claire Shrewsbury, Director WRAP, said: “The Resource Action Fund was developed to support resource efficiency initiatives such as this. Building a stronger recycling system is a core goal of the UK Plastics Pact led by WRAP. Our support of Chase Plastics’ recycling activities illustrates how business, NGOs and government can work together to divert waste from landfill or incineration and better manage resources.”

Speaking of the business’ recent performance, Chase Plastics Chairman David Harris said: “We are delighted with the progress being made by Chase Plastics, and view the future with confidence.

Increasingly, manufacturers are looking for rPE to meet their customers’ ESG requirements and respond to the Plastic Packaging Tax so demand for our high performance materials is strong.”

Plastic automotive Interior Recycling

-SIBUR launched the production of PET granules in Bashkiria with the involvement of secondary raw materials

SIBUR has launched the production of PET granules involving recycled materials, the company said in a statement.

The new product – Vivilen rPET granule – contains up to 25-30% of the reusable polymer and will now be produced at the Polief enterprise in the city of Blagoveshchensk.

For the production of granules as recyclables, the company uses flex (cleaned and crushed plastic bottles), supplied by the partners of the holding.

After reaching its design capacity, the plant will be able to annually produce up to 144 thousand tons of Vivilen PET granules already containing a share of secondary raw materials. The volume of the re-involved polymer will be up to 34 thousand tons.

SIBUR launched this project in 2019 with a total investment of about 4 billion rubles.

Polyef is the largest producer of terephthalic acid (TPA) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) in Russia. The capacity for the production of TPA after the modernization of the plant in 2019 is 371 thousand tons per year, the production capacity of PET is 252 thousand tons per year.




-Turkey to Get Its First Advanced Recycling Plant, Powered by Honeywell

Biotrend Energy plant will convert mixed waste plastics into recycled polymer feedstock using Honeywell’s UpCycle Process Technology.

Honeywell announced September 26 that Biotrend Energy based Istanbul, Turkey, will apply Honeywell’s UpCycle Process Technology in Biotrend Energy’s planned plastics recycling factory in Turkey. The facility will convert mixed waste plastics into recycled polymer feedstock (RPF), enabling the development of a circular economy for plastics. When completed, it will become the first commercialized waste plastics recycling facility in Turkey using Honeywell’s UpCycle Process Technology.

The advanced recycling plant is projected to transform 30,000 metric tons of mixed waste plastics into Honeywell Recycled Polymer Feedstock yearly utilizing Honeywell’s UpCycle Process Technology. Honeywell UOP will provide related engineering and technical services, including startup, commissioning, and technical support services during the plant’s lifetime.

This project ushers in collaboration between Honeywell and Biotrend Energy on advanced plastics recycling in Turkey with plans to collaborate on multiple, additional waste plastic recycling facilities in the future.

“Biotrend Energy is a leading player in the waste management sector in Turkey that is investing in a sustainable circular economy. I have full confidence that we will lead the sector in this field with Honeywell,” says Osman Nuri Vardı, CEO of Biotrend Energy. “Biotrend Energy’s experience in waste management, supported by Honeywell’s technology, will contribute to [these] sustainability efforts.”

Currently, Biotrend is only able to recover a low percentage of mechanically recycled materials.  There are some types of plastic waste that cannot be recycled mechanically due to process limitations caused by contamination, colors and additives used in plastic production. Presently, those plastics that are either converted into Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) or stored in landfills.

UpCycle Process Technology can process a wider range of waste plastics, supporting Biotrend’s efforts to increase recovery volumes of circular materials.

Advanced recycling, specifically chemical recycling per the Honeywell UpCycle Process Technology, can process a wider range of waste plastics, supporting Biotrend’s efforts to increase recovery volumes of circular materials.

“Honeywell’s UpCycle Process Technology will help Biotrend Energy tackle the challenge of plastic waste in Turkey,” says Barry Glickman, vice president and general manager, Honeywell Sustainable Technology Solutions. “Turkey will be able to increase the range of plastics that can be recycled, which offers the potential to displace a portion of fossil feedstocks for new plastic production.”

The installation expands the UpCycle Process Technology footprint, building on Honeywell’s recent announcements reported by PlasticsToday in the US, Spain, and China.

Biotrend Energy is one of the pioneers of the integrated waste management industry in Turkey and processes 4,500,000 tons of waste per year through 18 facilities in Turkey. Biotrend Energy’s activities include waste transfer, recycling, landfill, waste-to-energy, and production of organic fertilizer (compost) and RDF.

Plastic automotive Interior Recycling

-China PP spreads data continue to show no recovery; market weakest since 2003

There will be lots of minor dips in China polypropylene (PP) price as the market heads towards the bottom.

A case in point was last week, when PP import prices edged higher because of restocking ahead of the Golden Week holiday, and/or because of the perception that the market had, in fact, already bottomed out.

But, as the charts in today’s post confirm, the market is a huge, huge distance from a full recovery:

The China PP price-naphtha cost spread so far this year is just $264/tonne. This the lowest annual spread since our PP and naphtha assessments began in 2003. The previous lowest annual spread was $447/tonne in 2012.

The chart showing average China PP prices (block copolymer and homopolymer injection and raffia grades) versus CFR Japan naphtha costs is very instructive. This year has seen the narrowest gap between PP prices and naphtha costs for the longest period since our price assessments began in November 2002. This points to the weakest producer pricing power on record, reflecting far too much new PP capacity arriving at a time of what could well be negative real economic growth in China in 2022, despite what the official figures might say.

The latest net import and local production data indicate that China continues to head towards a 1% decline in PP demand in 2022. This would compare with 6% growth last year.

Will events turn around in 2023? I think perhaps not, because of the unavoidable “Common Prosperity” economic reforms and the zero-COVID policy logjam that China finds itself in. Early data also suggest that China’s crucial exports of manufactured goods may be declining because of the global inflation crisis.

But you don’t have to take our word for this. Instead, just follow the spreads data, which over many years has been the most reliable guide to supply and demand balances.




-German economic sentiment ‘considerably deteriorated’: Ifo Institute

German economic sentiment has considerably deteriorated, according to Munich-based Ifo Institute for Economic Research, whose business climate index fell to 84.3 points in September, down from 88.6 in August. This is its lowest value since May 2020. The decline is affecting all four sectors of the economy and firms assessed their current business as clearly worse.

Pessimism regarding the coming months has grown decidedly; in retail, expectations have fallen to a record low and the German economy is slipping into recession, institute president Clemens Fuest said in a note.

In manufacturing, the index fell tangibly. Companies were less satisfied with their current business. They are definitely worried about the next six months. The last time expectations were this pessimistic was in April 2020. The mood has soured across almost all industries. Order books shrank further, he said.

In the service sector too, the business climate index took a nosedive.

In trade, business climate worsened again.




-Evolving automotive interior design provides lessons for aviation

Aviation has been known to take certain design cues from the automotive industry, and new technologies are making both sectors resemble each other more than ever. As airlines look to the next generation of aircraft cabin design, how might their interiors complement the luxury offerings available in cars?

Runway Girl Network sat down with veteran transport designer John Tighe to discuss changes in both sectors and what’s on the horizon. Tighe was a design director for JPA Design before moving to work with Bentley via his own design company.

In many ways, he notes, automation will make cars more like planes as occupants will in time be able to engage in more entertaining or productive activities than simply driving. But while radical changes in design can be fitted into a familiar environment, “consumers can only tolerate innovation in different areas step by step.”

The Tesla Model S, for example — which boasts autopilot features — “was revolutionary in some areas, but traditional in others,” says Tighe. And the electric BMW i3, which was considered too ahead of its time when it debuted, ultimately came into its own towards the end of its life as other producers caught up, making it seem more mainstream.

Parallels can be drawn to innovations in aircraft seating. Collins Aerospace’s nest-like, no-recline AirLounge seat, for instance, replaces the now ubiquitous lie-flat design with a fixed shell seat and ottoman.

Like the automotive industry, airlines are having to adapt their products to meet emerging passenger segments. The new front row business-plus seating trend in aviation is a visible example of how this segmentation can be transposed. Another is the rise of premium leisure, which requires a variation of service.

“Mercedes is known to be good at this, in one product such as the S Class which has a core appeal as a subtle luxury product, but is also offered as a Maybach for extrovert luxurians, and as an AMG for sportier, often younger customers,” notes Tighe.

The designer’s own work with Bentley also serves as a good example. “We need to use the heritage of the brand, whilst transforming its appeal to work for new customer demographics, which are very different and broad in their tastes. It’s difficult to navigate, but we’re finding the right paths.”

-Japan’s Sumitomo building pilot-scale waste processing facility

Sumitomo Chemical is constructing a pilot-scale mechanical waste processing facility aimed at developing a material recycling business using waste plastics collected from end-of-life automobiles, the Japanese producer said on Tuesday.

The company will start providing samples of recycled plastic material to customers in fiscal year 2023 which begins on 1 April, it said in a statement.

“Sumitomo Chemical has decided to establish a new process to manufacture polypropylene (PP) compounds using waste plastics collected from end-of-life automobiles by utilising the plastic manufacturing technology,” the company said.

Since June 2021, Sumitomo Chemical has been studying a business alliance with Japanese integrated recycling firm Rever Holdings which engages in a wide range of environmental businesses, with the aim of developing material recycling businesses.

Sumitomo Chemical will use waste plastics provided by Rever for the new planned facility.

Some 3 million automobiles in Japan are dismantled annually for disposal and recycling, according to Sumitomo Chemical.

“It is particularly difficult to separate plastic components such as bumpers and interior parts and remove foreign matter from them after dismantling, which poses a major challenge to material recycling,” it said.

“In Europe, recycling of plastic automotive components is accelerating as a number of automakers adopt parts using recycled materials for new models, setting target recycling rates.




-Bloomberg to spend USD85 MM against U.S. plastic, petrochem buildout

Former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg launched an USD85 MM campaign to block the planned construction of plastic and petrochemical plants across the U.S. on Wednesday, modeled on his decade-long effort to shutter coal plants, said Reuters.

Bloomberg, the billionaire businessman who currently serves as a United Nations special envoy on climate ambition, said his philanthropic organization’s Beyond Petrochemicals campaign will “turbocharge” efforts by local communities in places like Louisiana’s Cancer Alley, Texas, and Appalachia to block the permitting and construction of heavy emitting plants.

The campaign takes aim at the rapid expansion of U.S. petrochemical and plastic pollution. The International Energy Agency said the plastics and petrochemical industry will exceed coal-fired carbon emissions by 2030 and account for half of the growth in oil demand by 2050.

“This campaign will help ensure more local victories, support laws that protect communities from harm, and reduce the greenhouse gas emissions that are fueling the climate crisis,” Bloomberg said in a statement.

The expansion planned by the industry could account for 15% of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions, which could make the U.S. miss its goal under the Paris climate agreement of halving its emissions by 2030, Bloomberg Philanthropies said.

At least 90 petrochemical and plastics projects have been proposed over the last decade, including 42 major construction projects that will release greenhouse gas emissions and other hazardous air pollutants, according to the Environmental Integrity Project, which tracks the planned buildouts.

Plastic and petrochemical trade groups called Bloomberg’s campaign a “misguided” effort to address plastic waste.

“If Mr. Bloomberg wants to help people, it couldn’t be more clear that plastic saves lives and improves our quality of life,” said Matt Seaholm, president and chef executive of the Plastics Industry Association, adding that the industry has focused its spending on recycling programs. “His misguided campaign will create more problems than it solves.”

Front-line minority and lower-income communities that live where some of these projects have been proposed have led high-profile fights to block key air permits and force enforcement of environmental safeguards at existing facilities.

Just this month, activists in St. James Parish in Louisiana claimed victory when a judge revoked key air permits issued by state regulators for a plastics project planned by Taiwan’s Formosa Plastics and when the state canceled plans to build a methanol plant after nearly a decade.

“Investments like these give the communities that have been disproportionately impacted by this type of environmental racism a fighting chance,” said Beverly Wright, executive director of the Deep South Center for Environmental Justice.

Bloomberg has spent over USD500 MM to support the Sierra Club’s Beyond Coal campaign, which originally aimed to retire 30% of the U.S. coal fleet by 2020 but ended up accelerate the retirement of over 60% of coal plants by that year. It has expanded to target gas infrastructure.




Sustainable fuels – car-to-car 28-09-2022

Sustainable fuels – car-to-car 28-09-2022

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

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-Pilot Project: Physical Recycling Makes Mixed Plastic Waste Recyclable

  • Audi is setting up cycles as an integral part of its automotive value chain
  • Test phase launched: physical recycling complements research projects on chemical and mechanical plastic recycling from old vehicles
  • The vision: create high-quality granulate materials for use in serial automotive manufacturing

Audi is promoting sustainable product development and wants to establish more and more cycles. Together with partners from science and industry, the company with the four rings is researching ways of improving material recyclability and saving primary materials. In collaboration with the Fraunhofer Institute, the manufacturer is now testing an additional method of recycling plastics and making them usable for mass production. As part of Audi Environmental Week, Audi employees will be focusing on recycling and many other ideas for a more sustainable company. This is the campaign’s second year and it is intended to promote networking, exchange, and interdisciplinary cooperation with the aim of improving Audi’s sustainability performance.

Audi wants to make cycles an integral part of the automotive value chain. The company is launching pilot reprocessing projects for a growing number of materials and components. The objective is to gain experience with as many processing techniques as possible and produce derivatives for future application of particular raw materials. Material cycles have several advantages: on the one hand, they reduce demand for renewable and raw nonrenewable materials. On the other hand, materials based on material cycles have a more favorable energy footprint. The company with the four rings is also keeping a close eye on the energy required for recycling – anything that does not make sense from an ecological point of view will not be pursued after the pilot phase. In addition, ever more efficient recycling methods are increasing the company’s sustainability as a whole.

Different Recycling Methods for Different Types of Plastic

Since not all types of plastic can be sorted and recycled with the same quality or even in the same way, Audi is looking at different technologies at the same time: mechanical, chemical and, most recently, physical recycling. Audi’s vision is to qualify more and more materials for diverse and demanding applications in cars and to identify optimal processing and recycling techniques in order to be able to close cycles. “Our focus is always on getting as many plastic contents as possible out of the car at the end of its life in order to be able to recycle them again,” says Mike Herbig of Audi’s polymer team.

Today’s vehicles typically contain more than 200 kilograms (440 lbs.) of various plastics and plastic composites. Bumpers, radiator grilles, various interior parts, as well as components in the drive system and air conditioning are all made from it. This sometimes mixed plastic waste is first mechanically crushed and separated from other materials. It can then be processed again into plastic granules in a subsequent process.

Same Requirements for Components Made from Recycled Materials and Virgin Materials

The quality demands placed on the plastics are high. The same criteria apply to recycled components as to virgin materials. These include crash safety, heat resistance, and media resistance, e.g., against organic solvents, oil, or hydraulic fluids. In addition, there is dimensional stability and quality, feel, appearance, and smell throughout the vehicle’s entire service life. Environmental requirements also must increasingly be taken into account. Mike Herbig says, “We only use a recycled material if the components made from it also meet the requirements, which is to say if the quality of the parts remains the same over their entire useful life.”

Mechanical recycling of plastics reaches its limits where different plastics are processed as a composite and various adhesives, coatings, and fillers such as glass fibers are used. An added disadvantage is that the quality of the plastics decreases with each mechanical processing step. As a rule, plastics recycled in this way are no longer suitable for use in vehicle construction, especially not for safety-related components.

Together with the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and industry partners, Audi has also developed on a chemical recycling method. Mixed plastic waste is processed into pyrolysis oil. Pyrolysis oil can replace crude oil as a raw material in the production of high-quality plastics. The components produced in this way are just as valuable and safe as when they are made from virgin material.

Physical Recycling Feasibility Study

In addition to research projects focusing on mechanical and chemical recycling, Audi is also conducting a feasibility study in cooperation with the Fraunhofer Institute for Process Engineering and Packaging IVV to investigate the possibilities of the physical recycling of automotive plastic waste and its reuse in vehicles. This method makes it possible to work with plastics with significantly higher levels of contamination, meaning that simple and incomplete pre-sorting from on old vehicle is sufficient.

Unlike chemical recycling, plastic is not destroyed by physical recycling. Instead, it is dissolved with solvents. This means that no chemical degradation reaction takes place and the polymer chains remain undamaged. “Only substances that are absolutely harmless are used as solvents,” explains Dr. Martin Schlummer of Fraunhofer IVV. “Other solids that could interfere with the new end product are separated”. Dissolved substances such as flame retardants can also be dissolved from the plastic solution if necessary. The solvents used are then evaporated and also fed into the cycle. After drying, this results in a very pure plastic granulate that matches the quality of virgin material.

The aim is now to produce larger quantities of this granulate in order to ensure its technical feasibility and to test its cost-effectiveness. In further testing, the “plastic with a past” will be transformed into add-on parts, such as the seat height adjuster. It is a small component, but it has to meet high standards in terms of emissions and odor. In the future, Audi plans to use the various recycling technologies to complement each other in order to recover plastics from old vehicles for high-quality reuse.

Further Increase in the Proportion of Recycled Materials in the Vehicle

In the future, Audi wants to increase the proportion of recycled materials in vehicles further. There are already as many as 27 components made with recyclates in an Audi Q4 e-tron. The exterior includes components such as the mounting bracket, a component that has to meet particularly high demands in terms of its mechanical properties. What’s more, large proportions of the headlight mounts, wheel arch liners, fender covers, floor trim, and wheel spoilers are made from secondary raw materials.

In the interior of the Audi Q4 e-tron, recyclates are used in the insulation and damping materials. Moreover, many of the visible surfaces contain recycled materials. These include the floor covering and parts of the luggage compartment trim. In the S line interior, the upholstery for the sport seats is made of Dinamica microfiber material, in combination with artificial leather. Polyester fibers make up 45 percent of the Dinamica material, which nonetheless looks and feels like suede. The fibers used are derived from recycled PET bottles, old textiles, or residual fibers.




TotalEnergies and SARIA join forces to produce

sustainable aviation fuels

TotalEnergies and SARIA, a leader in the European market for the collection and valorisation of organic materials into sustainable products, have concluded an agreement to develop sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) production on the Grandpuits (Seine-et-Marne) zero-crude platform.

This agreement is a major step in securing feedstock supply (used cooking oils and animal fats) eligible to produce SAF and will enable the SAF production capacity to reach 210,000 tons per year, 25% higher than foreseen in the initial project announced in 2020.

Under this agreement, TotalEnergies will take 50% of a production activity of SARIA, that will supply animal fat esters to Grandpuits. SARIA will take an equivalent stake in the biofuels business of the Grandpuits biorefinery, which will remain operated by TotalEnergies. SARIA will also directly supply used cooking oils.

“I am delighted to conclude this strategic partnership with SARIA, which reinforces the conversion of the Grandpuits refinery into a zero-crude platform oriented towards SAF. This is a major milestone in our ambition to become one of the leaders in sustainable aviation fuels,” says Bernard Pinatel, President, Refining & Chemicals at TotalEnergies. “SAF is the most efficient solution to immediately reduce CO2 emissions from air travel, and its development is fully in line with the Company’s Climate ambition to get to net zero by 2050, together with society.”

Sustainable fuels - car-to-car

-Controlled viscosity moulding to light up the room at K 2022

Injection moulder X2F has partnered with materials player Covestro to develop a thermally conductive automotive heat-sink with in-mould electronics using X2F’s transformative controlled viscosity moulding technology.

Application samples will be displayed at Covestro’s stand (Hall 6/A75-1/A75-2), during K 2022.

The application presents an alternative to cast-aluminium heat-sinks for automotive OEMs and processors.

The new heat-sink moulded of Makrolon polycarbonate (PC) is approximately half as heavy as a comparable aluminium part.

It is part of an in-mould assembly that can be used to integrate LED modules directly into the headlamp housing – eliminating the need for brackets, screws, thermal pastes, and adhesives.  X2F technology has been demonstrated in high-volume series manufacturing for other applications.

Covestro’s Makrolon TC polycarbonate provides heat management and other suitable properties for in-mould electronics (IME).

“This new program involves using controlled viscosity moulding by X2F to attach the LED module directly onto the thermally conductive heat-sink without fundamentally changing the heat-sink adjuster module design. We are pleased with the outcome so far of the X2F project where we have recently seen enhanced thermal management performance compared to traditional injection-moulded processes, and look forward to how the automotive industry will adopt the technology.,” said Paul Platte, senior marketing manager, Covestro LLC.

X2F’s process enables sensitive electronics to be insert moulded, thus providing functional integration, heat management, modularity, and miniaturisation.

“This innovative technology enables the manufacture of previously impossible-to-mould thermoplastic parts that provide step-change improvements for our customers. In the case of heat-sinks, it dramatically streamlines production, reduces manufacturing times, eliminates fasteners and pastes, and increases product design flexibility,” said Reza Garaee, senior project manager for X2F.




-Technip, Agilyx advance polystyrene chemical recycling technology

“All-in-one” solution combines Agilyx pyrolysis technology and Technip’s purification process

Paris – French engineering & technology company Technip Energies and plastics pyrolysis company Agilyx have advanced the chemical recycling of post-consumer polystyrene with the development of a new technology to delliver ‘high purity styrene monomers’.

TruStyrenyx is an “all-in-one solution” combining Agilyx’s pyrolysis process and Technip Energies’ purification technology, yielding a recycled styrene monomer “with exceptional high purity” the companies announced in a statement last month.

The technology was launched following successful results from pilot plant testing conducted on difficult-to-recycle waste polystyrene, including flame retardant laden waste polystyrene.

According to the partners, the recycled styrene monomer from the unit in Weymouth, Massachusetts, meets American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards for styrene monomer and is greater than 99.8 wt% purity.

In particular, the process reduces halogens from flame retardants to “below available detection limit” – an impurity which is currently difficult to reduce in the existing production processes.

The ‘pure monomer’ styrene monomer can be used as a key component for the production of ABS (acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene) as well as various synthetic rubbers.

Technip Energies and Agilyx announced their partnership in June 2021, leveraging Agilyx conversion technology and Technip Energies purification process.

“This marks an important step in our development of circular solutions for styrenics technologies, and our relationship with Agilyx,” said Bhaskar Patel, SVP of sustainable fuels, chemicals and circularity at Technip Energies.

According to Agilyx chief technology officer Chris Faulkner, the technology is “completely new” to the marketplace, offering an all-in-one solution for the chemical recycling of polystyrene.




-Amcor introduces Dairyseal™ featuring Clearcor™, a more sustainable packaging line for the ready-to-drink dairy market

  • Can be made with up to 80 percent recyclable material
  • New barrier technology maintains superior taste and freshness
  • Allows brands to easily expand into e-commerce and convenience store distribution channels

Amcor Rigid Packaging (ARP) introduces the DairySeal™ line of packaging that features ClearCor™, an advanced polyethylene terephthalate (PET) barrier. With the introduction of DairySeal, the exploding nutritional, dairy alternatives, and ready-to-drink (RTD) market will now have a more sustainable packaging option that can be leveraged across all retail channels.

The ClearCor PET barrier technology is a concentrated capsulation in the center of the preform that allows more flexibility and resin options. This technology positively impacts the overall performance of the barrier in the packaging and maintains recyclability. The DairySeal line of packaging can be made with up to 80 percent of recyclable material while maintaining superior taste and performance for the brand.

“PET is the most recycled plastic in the world, with more than 1.8 billion pounds of used PET bottles and containers recovered in the U.S. each year alone,” notes Greg Rosati, Amcor Rigid Packaging vice-president of marketing & sales for specialty containers. “With the development of our DairySeal line, we are able to offer PET packaging that helps improve sustainability for brands in the dairy alternatives, nutritional drinks, and ready-to-drink coffee space. In doing so, Amcor Rigid Packaging is bringing this packaging, and its significant environmental and commercial benefits, to market.”

Along with providing more sustainable benefits, DairySeal maintains its physical integrity during shipment; allows for customizable design while meeting shelf requirements; and is designed to help improve overall consumer satisfaction in a highly competitive landscape. The DairySeal line is currently available in 8 oz, 11 oz, 12 oz and 14 oz stock options, with additional sizes and shapes planned for future stock demand.

“A superior dairy product deserves superior packaging. The DairySeal line in PET offers brands easy access to e-commerce and convenience store distribution channels, where refrigerated shelf space is designed for round, rigid plastic bottles,” notes Greg Rosati, Amcor Rigid Packaging vice-president of marketing & sales for specialty containers. “When considering that PET significant environmental advantages, the DairySeal line will help drive a circular economy where brands, consumers and the environment all benefit.”

The attributes of PET is reinforced by a report from McKinsey & Company, the Climate Impact of Plastics, which found that PET bottles have the lowest emissions because of their lightweight properties and the low amount of energy required to produce them. By contrast, aluminum cans produce twice the emissions of PET bottles, and emissions from glass bottles are three times higher. Additionally, a recent study conducted by the by the National Association for PET Container Resources found the impact of a PET bottle on global warming, smog, acid rain and water usage was far less than its glass bottle or aluminum can counterpart.

Sustainable fuels - car-to-car

-W.R. Grace & Co. welcomes new UNIPOL polypropylene technology licensee in Indonesia

W.R. Grace & Co. (Grace) the leading independent supplier of polyolefin catalyst technology and polypropylene (PP) technology, has received a commitment from PT Kilang Pertamina International (PT KPI) to use Grace’s UNIPOL PP technology, which is part of its larger initiative, the Trans-Pacific Petrochemical Indotama (TPPI) Olefin Complex Development Project in Indonesia, said Hydrocarbonprocessing.

This project will empower PT KPI to increase refinery and polyolefin capacity by addressing the gap between strong demand growth of petrochemicals and the shortage in domestic production capacity.

The 600,000 tpy polypropylene plant will be designed to produce homopolymers, random and impact copolymers to cover domestic and international market needs.

Laura Schwinn, President of Grace’s Specialty Catalysts business said, “We thank PT KPI for trusting Grace UNIPOL PP technology to deliver the technology, innovation and services that PT KPI will use to grow and enhance the polymer market in Indonesia and beyond. As a member of the UNIPOL PP technology global community, through the PPartner Program, they can gain access to services and knowledge for the lifetime of the plant to enhance efficiency and performance.”




-LyondellBasell licenses Lupotech T technology to Polski Koncern Naftowy ORLEN S.A.

LyondellBasell (NYSE: LYB) announced today that Polski Koncern Naftowy ORLEN S.A. (PKN ORLEN) will be using the LyondellBasell Lupotech T high-pressure polyethylene technology.

The Lupotech T process technology will be used for a 250 kiloton per year (KTA) low density polyethylene (LDPE) line. The new line will be located at their existing complex in Plock, Poland.

“With our high-pressure process engineering capabilities and long-standing operating and product expertise, LyondellBasell is delighted to become PKN ORLEN’s licensing partner for the new LDPE project at their site at Plock,” said Neil Nadalin, Director Global Licensing and Services at LyondellBasell. Nadalin added, “For larger scale production of LDPE resins, the Lupotech T process technology has proven to be the safe, reliable and energy efficient benchmark for our customers around the world.”

“Investment in modern technology is one of our strategic goals. In this way, we are consistently bolstering our position in the European market and increasing profits. Petrochemicals are crucial to the future of the ORLEN Group and the strength of the Polish economy. According to global forecasts, the value of the petrochemicals and base plastics market is expected to double by 2030. That is why we are investing heavily in this area of our business, effectively leveraging the potential of the Płock plant. The project we are looking into will allow us to add another petrochemical product to our portfolio, develop our competencies and create specialised jobs,” says Daniel Obajtek, President of the PKN ORLEN Management Board

Decades of experience in high-pressure application design makes the Lupotech T process the preferred technology for LDPE plant operators. High conversion rates, demonstrated high plant availability and effective process heat integration are key attributes of the Lupotech T process, designed to ensure this technology’s energy efficiency.

More than 14 million tons of the Lupotech T process for LDPE/EVA production capacity has been licensed by LyondellBasell in over 70 lines around the world.

Licensees can take advantage of LyondellBasell’s in-house expertise of continuous production improvement, product development according to the latest environmental regulations and LyondellBasell’s knowhow in high pressure design, by optionally joining our Technical Service program.

In addition to the Lupotech T process technology, the LyondellBasell portfolio of licensed polyolefin processes and catalysts includes:

Hostalen – Leading low-pressure slurry process for the production of high-performance multimodal high-density polyethylene (HDPE).

Spherizone – The breakthrough multi-zone circulating reactor provides a unique and innovative platform to manufacture polypropylene products with novel architecture and enhanced properties.

Spheripol – The leading polypropylene (PP) process technology with more than 30 million tons of licensed capacity. With globally recognized quality grades featuring leading monomer yield and investment costs to make it the technology of choice.

LyondellBasell licenses Lupotech T technology to Polski Koncern Naftowy ORLEN S.A.

-Mexican plastic resin market sees plunging prices as U.S. imports surge with new capacity

The Mexican packaging material market has seen sharp price declines as of late September compared with the start of the year for polyethylene and polypropylene, two of the most traded hydrocarbons-derived products.

The two Mexican producers of polyethylene, the Braskem-Idesa venture in Nanchital, Veracruz and the state-owned oil and gas company Pemex, have faced problems already ongoing for about three years that have reduced the availability of Mexican-origin polyethylene.

U.S.-made polyethylene pellets that as of late Sep. 2022 continued to be offered south of the Rio Grande border, after new capacity was added this year, have more than compensated for the reduction and prices fell.

Prices of polypropylene, another plastic resin material that contributes to the manufacture of multiple products, also fell. There is only one Mexican producer of polypropylene: Indelpro, a partnership of Mexico´s Alpek and LyondellBasell. It is based in Tamaulipas, just south of Texas, in the same Mexican Gulf region where Braskem Idesa has its ethylene and polyethylene complex.

“Producers along the Gulf Coast of Texas and Louisiana have shown their capacity to produce resin is clearly bigger (as of late September) compared with the first months of the year and prices have fallen sharply,” said a Mexican market source, who requested that his name and company be withheld.

New U.S. PE capacity floods Mexico

“For polyethylene, there is currently availability of polyethylene in Mexico from U.S. origin that used to be sold anywhere from $1,300 to $1,500 per tonne now imported into Mexico in the order of $1,130. This is for a linear low density (LLDPE) very common in flexible packaging,” the source said.

“And those of high density (HDPE) for blow molding have seen the greatest increase in availability,” he added.  Some of those grades are more expensive than LLDPE and can be obtained currently at $1,250 per tonne, the source said.




-Texon launches recycled insole

Texon has launched its first insole made with 100% recycled content.

Produced using recycled PET and a special fusion-bonding technology that completely removes the need for chemicals or water, the Ecostrobe insole offers new possibilities for footwear designers seeking to integrate sustainability into strobel applications, without compromising strength and performance.

Unveiled at Lineapelle in Milan from September 20-22, Ecostrobe is suitable for use in high-performance and delivers all the physical properties expected from a top-quality insole material. It is strong and durable and has excellent moisture absorption and dispersal qualities. When evaluated against comparable products, it is also 20% lighter and its production requires 50% less energy.

“We have adapted our production processes to ensure the recycled composition and recyclability of our products,” said Boyd Mulder, sustainability and marketing director at Texon. “We’ve calculated that for every one million pairs of shoes containing Ecostrobe, more than 2.1 million bottles will be diverted from landfill, making it the ultimate enviro-conscious choice for strobel applications.”




Biodegradable-films – Polyamide 27-09-2022

Biodegradable-films – Polyamide 27-09-2022

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

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-First Chemical Recycling Program for Synthetic Turf Launched in US

Netherlands-based TenCate Grass partners with Cyclyx and ExxonMobil to chemically recycle artificial grass into feedstock for new plastic products

TenCate Grass, a manufacturer, distributor and installer of synthetic turf based in the Netherlands, will partner with Cyclyx International and ExxonMobil to establish what it says is the first program in the United States to chemically recycle artificial grass.

The goal is to help solve the long-time problem of how to efficiently and effectively recycle synthetic turf into feedstock that can be used to create new turf and other plastic products.

“This process of plastic recycling results in high-quality polyethylene pellets that will be used as feedstock for new products,” Joe Fields, President and CEO of TenCate Grass Americas, told PlasticsToday. “All prior turf recycling efforts have been downcycling turf, burning it to turn it into fuel or lower-grade recycled materials with limited uses.”

Known as TenCate Turf Recycling Solutions, the program will process 50 aged turf fields from high schools and college campuses and ship them to a Southern California facility where they will be shredded.

The shredded turf will be transported to Texas, where Cyclyx International will further pre-process the feedstock before sending it to ExxonMobil’s Baytown advanced chemical recycling facility. With ExxonMobil’s proprietary Exxtend technology, the turf will be broken down into raw materials that can be used to make new products that are similar in quality and performance to those made from virgin raw materials.

ExxonMobil’s advanced chemical recycling technology improves the circularity of plastics while delivering lower relative greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions compared with processing the same amount of fossil-based feedstocks, the company said.

“Our current recycling partnership with ExxonMobil and Cyclyx is designed to handle fields made of primarily polyethythene,” Fields told PlasticsToday, “and well over 90% of all installed synthetic turf fields nationwide fall into that category.”

ExxonMobil’s advanced recycling facility in Baytown has processed more than 11 million pounds of plastic waste, as of June 2022, the company said. It is expanding to a large-scale advanced recycling facility at the site. At startup later this year, it will be among North America’s largest advanced plastics recycling facilities, with the capacity to recycle 66 million pounds of plastic waste per year. Beyond Baytown, the company said plans are underway for up to one billion pounds of advanced recycling capacity annually by the end of 2026 across multiple sites globally.

“Our advanced recycling technology has already processed millions of pounds of otherwise difficult-to-recycle plastics, like food packaging and artificial turf, that are generally not recycled today,” said Dave Andrew, Vice President of New Market Development at ExxonMobil. “With our scalable technology and collaborations like this one alongside TenCate Grass and Cyclyx, we are helping to meet the growing demand for circular products.”

The program with ExxonMobil and Cyclyx builds on TenCate’s efforts to recycle synthetic turf. In its home base of the Netherlands, TenCate recycles its end-of-life turf into Ecocept, an elastic layer for sports fields. Third parties also use the agglomerated material to manufacture new products.

“We are committed to leading the industry and moving sustainability forward in a meaningful way,” Fields said. “We understand the issue of end-of-life synthetic turf, and we have taken it upon ourselves to find a true solution for the entire industry. Our goal is to keep turf out of landfills and put back to use.”

After this initial phase is complete, TenCate said it plans to expand the initiative across the United States. In North America alone, the total value of installed synthetic turf systems is estimated at $2.7 billion in 2020, according to the Synthetic Turf Council. This translates into approximately 265 million square feet of installed turf.

First Chemical Recycling Program for Synthetic Turf Launched in US

-UBC researcher develops plastic alternative from forest waste

Dr. Feng Jiang breaks down wood fibres in a chemical solution to create a translucent, strong and water-resistant film.

UBC researcher Dr. Feng Jiang has spent years concerned about how plastic is contributing to the ecological crisis the world faces, and contemplating solutions.

Jiang, an assistant professor at UBC’s Faculty of Forestry and the Canada research chair in sustainable functional biomaterials, uses wood fibres collected from forest waste.  He breaks down the wood fibres in a solution of cold sodium hydroxide, and from that he can make a product that is translucent, strong and water-resistant film.

The durable film can break down in the environment within three weeks, he said.

“After harvesting and after making wood products like lumber, there’s still a lot of residual waste,” he told Postmedia Friday.

“So we wanted to see how we can turn those residuals into something valuable, into something that can be more sustainable and biodegradable to replace the plastic.”

Other researchers have also developed biodegradable films to replace plastic but the UBC project — funded by the office of the chief forester at B.C.’s Ministry of Forests — is the first to use small amounts of energy and chemicals in the manufacture.

He said the film can be made into coffee or snack bags, or pouches for cereal or protective wrap such as envelopes.

“There are so many uses for this in the market and for commercial products,” he said. “Some plastics take up to a million years to decompose, but this can break down in the environment in a very short time.”

UBC researcher develops plastic alternative from forest waste


-Sudden decline in CPL spot before Risun starts up

fter the middle of September, that is, in the week starting Sep 19, CPL RMB spot price suddenly fell rapidly continuously from last 12,600-12,700yuan/mt last week to 12,000yuan/mt in just 3 working days. Such a rapid decline is out of the expectations of both upstream and downstream.

The core factor is still attributed to the commissioning plan of Risun’s phase II plant in Cangzhou, Hebei. The new CPL plant of Risun Hebei is designed with a single set of 300,000 tons capacity, and equipped with coal gasification, ammonia, hydrogen peroxide and production of other major raw and auxiliary materials, and its startup will strengthen the cost competitiveness of the original phase I in Cangzhou.

Added with 300kt/year capacity in Heze Shandong (Dongming Risun), Risun Group’s total CPL capacity is rising to 750kt/year, becoming the largest Chinese CPL producer. As its upstream cyclohexanone plant has been started up, the new CPL plant is expected to yield product this week. Out of concern about the impact of new capacity, the overall mood of CPL and nylon 6 market is pessimistic.

Another reason for this round of decline is intensive presales of CPL suppliers before the National Day holiday (Oct 1-7, 2022). In fact, for the time being, CPL suppliers’ inventory is relatively limited, and there is no similar burden like in June and July. But the general idea of the sellers is to take orders before the National Day holiday in order to avoid the accumulation of stocks after the holiday. But the combination of weak demand, new capacity starting up, and restart plans of other producers including Juhua and Eversun, has made the sellers’ behavior very consistent, to sell stocks in advances. This urgent selling behavior causes a rapid decline in CPL prices.

In fact, pre-holiday stocking is also a necessary choice for downstream polymer plants. A part of the downstream buyers have expected the price to fall somewhat and then replenish moderately from the lower rates. But since CPL spot has been staying relatively firm in the week of (Sep 12-16) when buyers bargained evidently, while it suddenly fell by 600yuan/mt in 3 trading days, buyers are also too puzzled to purchase. Buyers who originally prepare to restock have retreated to sidelines instead.

Given the actual supply and demand pattern of CPL, it is still recommended for polymer plants to restock appropriately at low levels, and there is no need to be overly pessimistic.

Biodegradable-films - Polyamide

-Toray : Price hike for polyamide yarn, airbag fabrics

Toray Industries, Inc., announced today that it intends to lift the prices of nylon 66 yarn and fabric for automotive airbags by up to 35% for shipments from October 1 this year.

This move is because prices have remained high for nylon 66 polymer, a principal material in automotive airbag yarns and fabrics. This is amid rising demand from a global economic recovery and surging crude oil prices stemming from supply concerns as a result of the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Another factor is that the company expects the cost of producing yarn and fabrics to keep climbing owing to further price hikes that started last year for such inputs as secondary materials, fuel, and transportation.

The U.S. dollar’s sharp appreciation since April this year has driven procurement costs higher for Toray’s airbag business, with the impacts of exchange rate fluctuations from the yen’s depreciation exacerbating the situation by affecting export prices to Japanese market.

It was against this backdrop that Toray is undertaking a project under Project AP-G 2022, its medium-term management program, to bolster its total cost competitiveness by slashing expenses and streamlining fixed and variable spending.

The company has nonetheless found its savings initiatives unable to offset higher current cost increases. It accordingly has to raise prices to maintain consistent quality and develop and commercialize products that deliver even higher value.

Toray : Price hike for polyamide yarn, airbag fabrics

-Kazakh government supports construction of gas processing plant at Kashagan

Kazakh Prime Minister Alikhan Smailov met with, Eni’s Natural Resources Chief Operating Officer Guido Brusco and Director Upstream Luca Vignati, Kazinform cites primeminister.kz.

During the meeting, Smailov noted that the Kazakh government commends the company’s contribution to the development of oil and gas sector of Kazakhstan and is committed to the further strengthening of long-term cooperation.

He added that the government supports the Consortium’s plans to build a gas processing plant at Kashagan with a capacity of 1bn cubic meters with QazaqGaz.

In his turn, Guido Brusco confirmed the company’s long-term work plan in the country.

Biodegradable-films - Polyamide

-ACN market caught in dilemma

In September, ACN market prices finally embraced an upward trend, up from 9,100yuan/mt in the early of the month to 9,800yuan/mt on Sep 23. Such an increase, which may seem tiny in previous years, had become hard-to-find these days when the ACN is over supplied. However, after the gentle price rise last week, the top range of the traded price tended to be clear. According to traders, offers higher than 10,000yuan/mt are hard to be accepted, and there’s few room for further price rises despite the unsmooth delivery of good.

View from the ACN plants, the price rise in Sep was largely owing to the production cut and shutdown for maintenance of various ACN units, such as the alternative operation of PetroChina Jilin’s ACN unit, the production cut of Shanghai Secco and Jiangsu Sierbang, and the delayed restart of Tianchen Qixiang and Shandong Koruhr. As a result, the operating rate was at around 70%. By now, the average annual operating rate was only 80% compared to the 88% last year. Per unit profit and the operating rate of ACN plants were negatively correlated so far.

As for the costs, propylene prices also saw rebounded signs in September. This, coupled with increased liquid ammonia costs due to agricultural demand rise, had caused amounted cost pressure for ACN. Take the current propylene offers of 7,400yuan/mt in Shandong as an example, then the theoretical cost of ACN is around 9,700yuan/mt. As such, the current ACN market prices which prevail at 9,700-9,900yuan/mt offer little profit room for plants, thus the prices are less likely to drop in short term.

Biodegradable-films - Polyamide

-“A biodegradable material that dissolves in the ocean in less than a month”: the US study proposes a potential substitute for plastic

The emergency ofplastic pollution it represents a growing problem that needs to be addressed as soon as possible. A study published in the journal takes an important step to counter the need for plastics Science of the Total Environment, led by scientists from the University of California San Diego and the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. The team, led by Stephen Mayfield, Michael Burkart and Robert Pomeroy, came up with the biodegradable materials that could replace the conventional use of plastics and fight pollution.

Plastic is now ubiquitous on the planet and reaches marine depths, food supplies and living organisms. In marine ecosystems, plastic residues can migrate to central areas and form swirls of waste, which compromise the well-being of the ocean environment and increase pollution levels. One example is the Big Pacific Garbage Patch, which covers an area of ​​over 1.6 million square kilometers. According to current estimates, in just one year or so eight billion kilograms of plastic reach the ocean and in 2025 these values ​​are expected to increase considerably. The US research team has devised a plastic-like substance that biodegrades in the ocean in less than a month. The team worked with polyurethane foams capable of degrade in compost. The location of the pier allowed scientists to perform tests and experiments in the natural ecosystem near the coastwhere the accumulation of pollutants is more likely.

Scholars have identified a mix of fungi and bacteria which colonizes the foam and the breaks down in the starting chemicals, which can be consumed by the microorganisms themselves. These forms of marine life, the scientists point out, occur naturally in the marine ecosystem. “We have demonstrated the possibility of making plastic products capable of dissolve into the ocean in just four weeks, ”says Stephen Mayfield, one of the scientists leading the team. “When organisms settle on the foams we see the formation of a kind of microbial coral reef. It was really interesting. Environmental problems must be addressed and it will be necessary to design eco-sustainable and effective strategies to combat pollution. We hope our work can offer one viable solution to reduce the need for plastic and polluting products “.

Biodegradable-films - Polyamide

-Live Demos at K 2022 Highlight Recyclate, Processing Equipment, and Additives

Collaboration will demonstrate elements of HDPE and PP recycling.

At the upcoming K 2022, HDPE and PP from PreZero will be recycled in a live demonstration using additives from Baerlocher and Milliken and equipment by Erema.

Regranulation will be completed using an Erema Intarema TVEplus extrusion system. HDPE regrind will be upgraded with Baerlocher’s Baeropol T-blend to improve mechanical properties and processing performance. PP regrind will be upgraded with Hyperform HPN from Milliken, which improves processing stability fo the material while reducing cycle time.

PreZero is a recycling and recovery company owned by the Shwarz retail group. The company and its partners will aim to demonstrate that high product quality is possible starting with recycled materials.

The HDPE process demonstration will take place on October 19 and 23, at 10 AM. The PP demonstration will take place on October 21 at 3:30 PM.

Car-Plastic – Petrochemicals – PET 26-09-2022


Nylon6-Chips – Petrochemicals

-Dow on the need for a careful approach to bio-based plastics to drive circularity  

Chemicals and materials giant Dow has said it is exploring how bio-based plastics can be used in a way that doesn’t compete with other sector’s needs for bio-based feedstocks, noting that circularity and recyclability are the main focus for its plastics production.

Dow is the second-largest global polyethylene (PE) producer, with a capacity of almost 10 million mt/year, as noted by Platts petrochemical analytics. The company’s productions and solutions are integrated across an array of sectors, including food packaging, furniture, crops and more.

Plastics remain a contentious issue on the sustainability spectrum. The material has been demonised, in large due to a lack of collection and a focus on single-use production that in turn has plagued the oceans. However, plastics, when used correctly, do serve a valuable purpose in the transportation and protection of goods amongst other key services.

Dow, like many major producers and users of plastics has introduced ambitious targets to try and improve the circularity of this material. Dow intends to enable one million metric tons of plastic to be collected, reused or recycled through its direct actions and partnerships by 2030.

The company also aims to close the loop by enabling 100% of Dow products sold into packaging applications to be reusable or recyclable by 2035.

How a business chooses to go about its phase-out of single-use, virgin and fossil-based plastics varies widely. Some are turning to alternative materials like metals, paper and bioplastics, while others are turning to reuse models and incorporating recycled plastics into new packaging and products.

For Dow’s packaging EMEA marketing director Romain Cazenave, the company is willing to be “selective” on how it phases out fossil-derived plastics, but is adamant that circularity has to be the main priority is Dow is to reach its sustainability and carbon goals

“Plastics can still provide a service, but it comes down to which function you want to achieve,” Cazenave tells edie. “We want to provide the right service with a much lower carbon and material intensity. We are totally willing to be selective, and we look at the lifecycle analysis to see where plastics can be an efficient material.

“For me, there is room for growth in the usage of plastics because of its efficiency, but this is provided we become more circular and reduce the carbon intensity of our products. We need to be clear that whatever material reaches its end of life, it finds the right treatment, which is why circularity and recycling is the main focus.”

Bio-based approach

Big brands and retailers often criticised for their plastic packaging use are on course to reduce their virgin plastic use by one-fifth by 2025, according to a major report from the Ellen MacArthur Foundation.

According to the report, the virgin plastic use of all participating businesses peaked last year. In 2025, the cohort will use 20% less virgin plastic than in 2018, provided that they deliver on their commitments.

While Commitment signatories are on track to avoid the production of eight million tonnes of virgin, fossil-based plastics by 2025, the Foundation is urging brands to go further on using less plastics altogether. Recycled plastic is not automatically recyclable and, moreover, plastic cannot be recycled infinitely using technologies that exist at scale today.

A particular concern is now expressed about the lack of at-scale uptake of reuse and refill models. Only 5% of the brands participating are currently using refill or return models in some capacity. In comparison, 39% of signatories reported that they are substituting virgin plastic for recycled plastic in some cases, with that proportion rising to 41% for substitution with paper-based alternatives.

Dow, like many other firms, does incorporate bio-based feedstocks into its materials production. The company measures how much bio-based feedstock goes into its supply so it can measure how much can be sold as bio-based, through a term called a “mass balance approach”.

Indeed, the company notes that it is “poised to increase the percentage of bio-based feedstock going into our production lines”.

Most bioplastics produced globally come from carbohydrate-rich plants, such as corn or sugar cane, while second-generation bioplastics are produced from feedstock that doesn’t clash with food production, such as wood cellulose and short-rotation crops and waste materials like food waste and sawdust.

Dow’s sustainability policy and advocacy strategy director Carolina Gregorio claims that the company will produce bio-based plastics, but will not compete with other markets such as food production. One of the main challenges facing organisations turning to nature as a feedstock, either as products or fuel, is that the planet does simply not have enough land to account for production, food growth and – increasingly – carbon offsetting. Indeed, Oxfam estimates the land needed for current carbon removal plans issued by businesses could be five times the size of India, which is more than all of the farmland on Earth.

“We see that bio-based feedstocks will play a role, but with some clarification on what role they should play,” Gregorio says. “We want to utilise only biomass feedstocks that are coming from waste or by-products of other industries. We’re not going to compete with the food industry, it’s one of the conditions we’re defining when we say we want sustainable sources of biomass.

“This approach, whereby we preferentially use by-products for bioplastics will ensure that the carbon associated with those materials can be locked into the cycle as a material, rather than burnt as fuel. So we’re looking at bioplastics from the perspective of making the carbon more locked in and circular and ensuring they’re coming from those waste markets.”

Currently, the land use for bioplastics is only around 0.7 million hectares, equitable to 0.015% of global land area, and is set to increase to 0.020% of global land area in 2025. However, as land becomes more degraded and the demand for bio-materials continues to grow, businesses need to consider these wider implications, and the rising costs that will be incurred as demand shoots up.

Dow also reiterates that circularity is key, keeping products and therefore carbon in the loop for longer. While many businesses are exploring biodegradable or even the much more controversial oxo-degradable plastics, Cazenave notes that Dow does not want to generate any unintended consequences with its products.

Many bioplastics are biodegradable by nature, but usually only under high-temperature, industrial composting facilities. As a result, bioplastics can often end up in landfills, where greenhouse gas emissions are released upon breakdown.

Additionally, bioplastics and contaminate collected and recycled plastics, meaning that entire collections of plastics could be rejected from collection and sorting streams and end up in landfill.

“Biodegradable should be only used when the value chain needs it,” Cazenave says. “There is science and perception that it could be perceived as a good idea, but the application needs to be right. It’s not suitable for things like crisp packets, and it is not collected correctly then biodegradable becomes a nightmare, and impacts the quality of the system.


“It needs to be managed well and separated from other waste streams. The system needs to clearly identify the solutions for the consumer. Humans are not the perfect sorting machines, but biodegradable cannot end up in nature or other waste streams because the conditions won’t be right and the material will just fragment into microplastics. That is something we don’t want.”

Legislative engagement

Legislation will help with this and Gregorio notes that Dow has engaged with the EU on the revised Waste Framework Directive, which will allow biodegradable and compostable packaging to be collected together and used for anaerobic digestion. This is set to become mandatory throughout Europe by 2023.

Indeed, Dow continues to engage with policymakers on a global level to help with the transition to circular materials.

Gregorio claims that Dow welcomed the UN’s Plastic Treaty, likened as a Paris Agreement for plastics, which was introduced earlier this year. Nations agreed on a text which covers the full lifecycle of plastic, from production to waste management. It also covers plastics of all types and sizes, from large pieces of abandoned fishing gear, to nurdles and microplastics.

However, The American Chemistry Council industry group, which represents more than 190 member businesses including Dow, reportedly pushed back against the inclusion of measures to reduce plastic production globally.

Nonetheless, Gregorio welcomes the chance that the Treaty brings to work with different stakeholders to help improve the circularity of production.

“We immediately welcomed the resolution because of how it can globally drive the change that the plastics industry needs,” she adds. “We are going into our net-zero roadmap, so this is a tremendous opportunity. We like that in the discussions there are a lot of NGOs engaged with industry and governments and we feel this will be good to advance some harmonised measures across the board, especially in developing countries which are lacking waste infrastructure.

“It cannot be the case that waste is not managed, so if we can help improve the collection and sorting methods through a global movement, then this is good. So out first step is to make our products more recyclable and the second step is to work with industry to help improve waste collection to enable our circular transformation.”

While the need for recyclability alongside a dramatic uptake in reusables continues, Dow is moving ahead with short-term measures to drive circularity.

Dow recently announced a new collaboration with Mura, for example, on a new advanced recycling processes site in Germany. These new processes are expected to save approximately 1.5 tons of carbon dioxide per ton of plastic recycled, compared to incineration and reducing reliance on fossil-based feedstock, namely by reducing the amount of fossil-based feedstocks being used at facilities.

The Böhlen facility in Germany is expected to be operational by 2025 and when combined with other planned units would collectively add as much as 600KTA of advanced recycling capacity by 2030 for Dow globally.

The company believes that net-zero cannot be achieved without the circular economy and a big part of its decarbonisation plans relies on transitioning to both circular products and feedstocks.

The company’s Packaging and specialty sustainability director Peter Sandkuehler summarises the firm’s approach to driving circularity, noting that they’re “open to any solutions”.

“The Mura announcement is our first stepping stone,” he says. “But we have other partnerships in the pipeline which we aren’t ready to talk publicly about yet which will help take our circular goals to scale.

Dow on the need for a careful approach to bio-based plastics to drive circularity  

-Borealis and value chain partners develop more sustainable flexible packaging formats containing 50% post-consumer recyclate

Application development with partners Plastotecnica and ACMI results in fully recyclable multilayer collation shrink film with appealing optics and pack stability

Co-operation with Rani Plast produces fully recyclable tissue packaging boasting excellent processability, printability and packaging line performance

EverMinds™ in action: leveraging packaging and mechanical recycling expertise to lower the carbon footprint of flexible packaging

Borealis announces that two separate collaborations with long-standing value chain partners have resulted in new, fully recyclable flexible packaging formats, which incorporate 50% post-consumer recyclate (PCR). The use of new low density polyethylene (LDPE) PCR grades developed and produced by mechanical recycling expert Ecoplast, a member of the Borealis Group, have made it possible to achieve a 35% carbon footprint reduction in raw material production when compared to virgin polyolefins, whilst maintaining the same film thickness as with virgin materials. Co-operation in the spirit of  is accelerating plastics circularity by fulfilling industry demand for sustainable flexible packaging solutions with lower environmental impact.

Borealis, Plastotecnica, and ACMI jointly develop collation shrink film with 50% PCR content

Plastotecnica, a major European producer of polyethylene (PE) packaging; and ACMI SpA, a leading Italian manufacturer of high-tech and flexible bottling and packaging lines and machines, worked together with Borealis to incorporate more PCR material into the multilayer shrink wrap of a beverage multipack. In developing the application, the partners were able to identify the ideal material solution to achieve optimal mechanical and packaging performance (particularly pack stability) whilst obtaining outstanding film optics and printability: the soon-to-be-launched LDPE PCR grade Ecoplast CWT 100VL with very low gel content; BorShape™ FX1003, a mechanical booster based on the proprietary Borstar® technology; and Anteo™ FK2715, a key ingredient for ensuring higher performance and more sustainable multilayer applications. The result is a fully recyclable film containing 50% PCR and a 35% lower carbon footprint in the raw material production process. The shrink film packaging trials were conducted by ACMI.

“Working together with Borealis and ACMI enables us to come nearer to achieving our own objectives with regard to both sustainability and technological innovation,” says Valentina Betto, R&D and Sustainability manager at Plastotecnica. “We have been able to make real progress towards reaching specific goals. These include offering our customers solutions containing high levels of recycled material, exploiting downgauging potential to reduce film thickness, optimising processing parameters and performance, and minimising waste wherever possible.”

Borealis and Rani Plast develop new tissue packaging incorporating 50% PCR content

As a member of the Rani Group, a leading Nordic producer of smart packaging solutions, Rani Plast used its film and production expertise to work together with polymers experts at Borealis to develop a film structure for more sustainable flexible packaging used for tissue paper products such as kitchen roll (paper towels) and toilet paper. As an improved version of its predecessor NAV 101, the soon-to-be-launched Borealis LDPE PCR grade NAV 101L is best in class when it comes to balancing gel performance and circularity. Manufactured using household post-consumer and commercial waste, its gel content is significantly lower in order to provide excellent processability. It also offers excellent printability and optics. Combined with the Borstar® technology-based mechanical booster BorShape™ FX1003, the grade delivers optimal mechanical performance, thus enabling the incorporation of more than 50% PCR content without increasing film thickness. Finally, Anteo FK2715 provides enhanced sealing, good optics and reinforced stiffness performance.

“As a fellow participant in the Finnish R&D initiative SPIRIT – Sustainable Plastics Industry Transformation – we are glad to deepen our co-operation with Borealis in the area of flexible packaging,” says Mats Albäck, Sustainability and Development Director at Rani Plast. “This successful project is proof that we as an industry can do more with less when we take joint action: improved material performance and greater sustainability, but with reduced consumption of natural resources and energy.”

“It’s gratifying to see the accumulation of sustainability success stories originating within the EverMinds platform for accelerating plastics circularity,” says Peter Voortmans, Borealis Global Commercial Director Consumer Products. “Mechanical recycling plays a crucial role in our integrated circular cascade approach.

Borealis and value chain partners develop more sustainable flexible packaging formats containing 50% post-consumer recyclate

-To enhance circularity: Arkema joins Spanish consortium

Arkema, together with a consortium of companies, is exploring and advancing the recyclability of post-consumer PET (from bottles and other plastic items) to regain monomers for reuse as raw materials for more sustainable polyester powder resins for the coating market.

According to the company, Arkema is a world leader in the offering for powder coatings, as part of the company’s low Volatile Organic Compounds technologies for the coating industry, together with waterborne, UV/LED/EB and high solid systems.

Powder coatings are very well positioned to further sustainability across many very demanding household and industrial applications, including home appliances and furniture, automobiles, sports stadiums and more. The coating process is optimised to produce a high quality finish while using the minimal energy, minimum waste and time. Additionally, powder that doesn’t end up on the product can be more easily collected and recycled, or even reused.

The new project, entitled Suschempol, is led by the Spanish Superior Council of Science Research (CSIC) and was founded by the Spanish “Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación” and the “Agencia Estatal de Investigación” as part of “NextGenerationEU” Initiative.

“Natural fit for Arkema”

“This project was a natural fit for Arkema,” Neil Tariq, Global Business Director for Coating Resins at Arkema, explained. “As a leading provider of polyester resin for the solvent free powder coating technology, we are constantly exploring new path, partnerships and scientific research that advance the circularity of our products.

To enhance circularity: Arkema joins Spanish consortium

-EPCA ’22: Europe chemicals orders size shrinks as price concerns grow – Brenntag exec

Customers in Europe are placing smaller chemicals orders as they try to navigate a more uncertain outlook for prices, an executive at Germany’s chemicals distributor Brenntag said this week.


David O’Connell, vice president for product management and sourcing for Europe, the Middle East, and Africa (EMEA) at Brenntag, added that while demand from sectors such food or pharmaceuticals remains good, the outlook for coatings or construction has deteriorated in past months.

“We are clearly mindful of the fact that there are a lot of clouds on the horizon regarding demand,” he said.

Supply chain issues, which caused global freight costs to rocket in 2021 and the first part of 2022, are normalising, the executive added, with more imports from Asia to Europe taking place, which is putting pressure on European chemicals prices as lower priced product enters the region.

O’Connell added that Brenntag is maintaining its earnings forecast for 2022 unchanged, however, as the company’s wide range of customers allows it to partially offset lower demand in some sectors with those where demand remains healthy.

O’Connell spoke to ICIS on the sidelines of the European Petrochemicals Association (EPCA) annual meeting.

Uncertainty leads to smaller orders

“One pattern that we see is that order sizes are smaller, so we are doing more orders, that’s a feature of our business right now. Customers are concerned about the price outlook and about what prices are going up or down,” said O’Connell.

“On the other hand, for the prices that are going up, there is a big cash component, which means using a lot of working capital. For products for which prices are falling due to low demand, customers will wait to see what happens to pricing to go forward.”

However, O’Connell said Brenntag’s demand continues to be healthy overall; conditions in the Americas remain good, he said, although the company’s domestic market in Europe is showing signs of a clear slowdown as energy prices and geopolitical uncertainty bite.

He added that in Europe there is a “combination of challenges” regarding demand and supply chain issues.

“Overall, demand remains good but there are some segments such as coatings or construction where we are seeing a decline in demand. We have achieved strong results in the first half of 2022 and the company is keeping its forecasts for 2022 earnings unchanged.”

“We still see good demand in sectors such as food and pharmaceuticals – Brenntag’s advantage is our wide customer base, allowing the stronger customer segments to partially compensate for those which are not doing as well.”


-European Commission approves €1bn to support German Salzgitter for renewable hydrogen

The European Commission has approved state aid to the German steel producer Salzgitter to support the company to decarbonise its steel production processes using renewable hydrogen, the commission said in a press release 5 October.

Salzgitter is set to achieve this by producing renewable hydrogen on site at a new production facility.

The aid will take the form of a direct grant, which will “support the construction and installation of a large-scale (100MW) electrolyser, which will produce approximately 9,000 tonnes/year of renewable hydrogen. The hydrogen produced by the electrolyser will be used as feedstock in the direct reduction plant,” the press release said.

  • As well as hydrogen production, the grant will be used to develop a direct reduction plant and an electric arc furnace as a replacement for one of the blast furnaces at the companies Lower Saxony site.
  • The hydrogen production plant is expected to begin commercial operations in 2026.

The commission’s review of the state-aid support found that the project:

  • applies an innovative technology
  • facilitates the development of an economic activity
  • has an incentive effect
  • has a limited impact on competition and trade
  • brings about positive effects that outweigh distortions

This announcement comes shortly after the commission approved state aid to the German chemicals company BASF in the production of renewable (low carbon) hydrogen.

Under EU State Aid rules, a support package of €134mn to BASF “in the production of renewable hydrogen, with the aim of decarbonising its chemical production processes and of promoting hydrogen use in the transport sector.”

European Commission approves €1bn to support German Salzgitter for renewable hydrogen

-Toray Introduces Hydrophilic Spunbond Nonwovens

Technology allows fabric to remain gentle on skin

Toray Industries, Inc., has created a spunbond nonwoven fabric that is persistently hydrophilic and is gentle on the skin. This fabric is suitable for disposable diapers, masks, feminine hygiene products, and other sanitary applications.  The company plans to start full-scale production when the production technology is well established.

Spunbond nonwoven fabrics for sanitary applications are normally made of polypropylene, which is softer than polyester. Since polypropylene is hydrophobic (glossary note 2), polypropylene spunbond nonwoven fabrics must be coated with hydrophilic agents for the application of diapers, masks, and feminine hygiene products. However, the coated hydrophilic agents are easily runoff from the fabrics on contact with water. Consequently, the fabrics lose hydrophilicity.

Toray has been addressing this issue by researching the hydrophilized polymer itself rather than focusing on surface treatment. The compnay has developed special domain structures by copolymerizing polyester with a well-defined moalr mass hydrophilic component. The domain structures enable the company to significantly improve the hydrophilicity of the polyester and result in a new spunbond nonwoven fabric that is persistently hydrophilic.

The polyester can be polymerized using bio-based or recycled materials. Toray will push ahead with efforts to reduce environmental impact and achieve a sustainable economy.

Toray Introduces Hydrophilic Spunbond Nonwovens

Polymer-Additives – Flake-Sorter 07-10-2022

PET-bottle-ch- Petrochemicals 03-10-2022ips

ITEM26 26/09/2022 03/10/2022 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 8,050 yuan/ton 7,900 yuan/ton -150
Bottle grade PET chips export market 1,040 $/ton 1,030 $/ton -10
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 7,150 yuan/ton 7,100 yuan/ton -50
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 7,360 yuan/ton 7,340 yuan/ton -20
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market 6,370 yuan/ton 6,150 yuan/ton -170
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 850 $/ton 850 $/ton
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 4,200 yuan/ton 4,235 yuan/ton +35
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 505 $/ton 500 $/ton -5
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market 1,054 $/ton 1,054 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 1,034 $/ton 1,034 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,100 $/ton 1,101 $/ton +1
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 8,050 yuan/ton 7,880 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,700 yuan/ton 7,500 yuan/ton -200
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 9,500 yuan/ton 9,300 yuan/ton -200
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F 9,150 yuan/ton 8,900 yuan/ton -250
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 8,650 yuan/ton 8,400 yuan/ton -250
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,850 yuan/ton 7,800 yuan/ton -50
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 11,900 yuan/ton 11,650 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,750 $/ton 1,700 $/ton -50
Nylon6 chips overseas  market 2,030 $/ton 2,000 $/ton -30
Nylon6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 13,300 yuan/ton 12,950 yuan/ton -350
Nylon6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market 13,550 yuan/ton 13,500 yuan/ton -50
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market 24,700 yuan/ton 25,000 yuan/ton +300
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 15,900 yuan/ton 15,850 yuan/ton -50
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 18,150 yuan/ton 18,100 yuan/ton- -50
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  16,400 yuan/ton 16,300 yuan/ton -100
Spandex 20D  domestic  market 39,000 yuan/ton 39,000 yuan/ton
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 34,000 yuan/ton 34,500 yuan/ton +500
Spandex 40D  domestic  market 31,500 yuan/ton 31,500 yuan/ton +500
Adipic Acid domestic market 9,900 yuan/ton 9,900 yuan/ton +300
Benzene domestic market 7,720 yuan/ton 7,710 yuan/ton -10
Benzene overseas  market 901 $/ton 881 $/ton -20
Ethylene South East market 910 $/ton 900 $/ton -10
Ethylene NWE  744 $/ton 685 $/ton -59
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market 9,800 yuan/ton 9,900 yuan/ton +100
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market 1,500 $/ton 1,550 $/tn +50
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 16,200 yuan/ton 16,400 yuan/ton +200
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 13,750 yuan/ton 13,550 yuan/ton -200
PP Powder domestic market
7,650 yuan/ton 7,780 yuan/ton +130
Naphtha overseas market  672 $/ton 664 $/ton
Phenol domestic market 10,820 yuan/ton 11,020 yuan/ton +200
  • On Thursday 29-09-2022, CFR North East Asia ethylene prices were assessed at the USD 845-855/mt levels, a sharp day on day fall of USD (-40/mt). An industry source in Asia informed a Polymerupdate team member, “Prices dropped on account of weaker energy values and dull buying sentiments in the region”.
  • CFR South East Asia ethylene prices on Thursday were assessed at the USD 895-905/mt levels, unchanged from Wednesday.


MEG -rPET – NY – Petrochemicals 26-09-2022

MEG -rPET – NY – Petrochemicals

MEG -rPET - NY - Petrochemicals

ITEM 19/09/2022 26/09/2022 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 8,400 yuan/ton 8,050 yuan/ton -350
Bottle grade PET chips export market 1,050 $/ton 1,040 $/ton -10
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 7,200 yuan/ton 7,150 yuan/ton -50
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 7,400 yuan/ton 7,360 yuan/ton -40
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market

MEG -rPET – NY – Petrochemicals

6,415 yuan/ton 6,370 yuan/ton -45
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 870 $/ton 850 $/ton -20
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 4,300 yuan/ton 4,200 yuan/ton -100
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 517 $/ton 505 $/ton -12
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market 1,065 $/ton 1,054 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 1,045 $/ton 1,034 $/ton -11
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,092 $/ton 1,100 $/ton +8
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 8,150 yuan/ton 8,050 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,750 yuan/ton 7,700 yuan/ton -50
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 9,650 yuan/ton 9,500 yuan/ton -150
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F 9,200 yuan/ton 9,150 yuan/ton -50
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 8,700 yuan/ton 8,650 yuan/ton -50
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,900 yuan/ton 7,850 yuan/ton -50
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 12.570 yuan/ton 11,900 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,750 $/ton 1,750 $/ton
Nylon6 chips overseas  market 2,030 $/ton 2,030 $/ton -20
Nylon6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 13,450 yuan/ton 13,300 yuan/ton -150
Nylon6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market 13,650 yuan/ton 13,550 yuan/ton -100
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market

MEG -rPET – NY – Petrochemicals

24,000 yuan/ton 24,700 yuan/ton +700
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 16,000 yuan/ton 15,900 yuan/ton -100
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 18,200 yuan/ton 18,150 yuan/ton- -50
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  16,650 yuan/ton 16,400 yuan/ton -250
Spandex 20D  domestic  market 39,000 yuan/ton 39,000 yuan/ton
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 34,000 yuan/ton 34,000 yuan/ton
Spandex 40D  domestic  market 31,000 yuan/ton 31,500 yuan/ton +500
Adipic Acid domestic market 9,600 yuan/ton 9,900 yuan/ton +300
Benzene domestic market 7,800 yuan/ton 7,720 yuan/ton -80
Benzene overseas  market 894 $/ton 901 $/ton +7
Ethylene South East market 960 $/ton 910 $/ton -50
Ethylene NWE  709 $/ton 744 $/ton +35
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market 9,800 yuan/ton 9,800 yuan/ton
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market

MEG -rPET – NY – Petrochemicals

1,500 $/ton 1,500 $/tn
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 17,800 yuan/ton 16,200 yuan/ton -1,600
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 13,750 yuan/ton 13,750 yuan/ton
PP Powder domestic market
7,620 yuan/ton 7,650 yuan/ton +30
Naphtha overseas market  661 $/ton 672 $/ton
Phenol domestic market 10,620 yuan/ton 10,820 yuan/ton +200

MEG -rPET – NY – Petrochemicals

Car-Plastic – Petrochemicals – PET 26-09-2022

MEG -rPET – NY – Petrochemicals 26-09-2022

Car-Plastic - Petrochemicals - PET

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Interzero and Eastman reach long-term supply agreement for planned molecular recycling facility in France

Interzero and Eastman announced a long-term supply agreement for Eastman’s previously announced molecular recycling facility in Normandy, France. Interzero will provide up to 20,000 metric tonnes per year of hard-to-recycle PET household packaging waste that would otherwise be incinerated.

Interzero Plastics Recycling, as part of Interzero, is an innovation leader in plastics recycling with the largest sorting capacity in Europe and many years of experience. Headquartered in Germany, Interzero is a leading service provider of circular solutions in Europe and is strongly connected to its sister company ALBA Group ASIA both led by Chairman and Shareholder, Dr. Axel Schweitzer.

Eastman’s planned molecular recycling facility in France will become the world’s largest material-to-material molecular recycling plant. Once complete, the facility will recycle approximately 160,000 tonnes of hard-to-recycle polyester waste annually. The project is expected to be operational in 2025.

“Eastman is a leader in molecular recycling with decades of innovation expertise. Joining forces by combining the leading know how of Eastman and Interzero is the next step in closing the loop with our partners and a step closer towards a world without waste,” said Jacco de Haas, chief commercial officer at Interzero Plastics Recycling. “The world is facing a plastic waste crisis with far too little plastic waste being recycled, either from lack of collection or because it simply cannot be recycled by traditional methods. Eastman’s innovative process and this agreement bring a solution to this.”

Chemical recycling is a necessary complement to mechanical recycling to keep more raw materials in the loop. Both companies are committed to creating material circularity. Eastman’s facility in France will process colored and opaque PET waste that cannot be recycled mechanically to create clear and transparent rPET upon completion.

“Interzero and Eastman are committed to reducing plastic waste and creating circularity through collaboration and innovation,” said Brad Lich, Eastman executive vice president and chief commercial officer. “This agreement marks an important milestone towards Eastman’s investment in France. We are happy to build a strong collaboration in Europe with Interzero to provide a portion of the feedstock needed to successfully operate our facility.

Interzero and Eastman reach long-term supply agreement for planned molecular recycling facility in France

-Coca-Cola Sweden announces move to 100% recycled material in PET bottles

Coca-Cola Sweden has announced that, from 2020, it will make all its plastic bottles from 100% recycled material – becoming the first country in the world to do so.  The transition will begin in the first quarter of 2020 and includes all plastic (PET) packaging made at Coca-Cola’s bottling plant in Jordbro.

By switching to 100% recycled material in its bottles, Coca-Cola seeks to eliminate the use of 3,500 tons of virgin plastic each year in Sweden. This will also reportedly result in an annual reduction in CO2 emissions of 25 percent over pre-transition levels when the portfolio comprised approximately 40 percent recovered PET.

The move to 100 percent recycled plastics for PET bottles includes the brands Coca-Cola, Fanta, Sprite as well as Bonaqua, comprising 40 different variants.“Plastic is an effective and valuable packaging material and we need to treat it as such, ensuring that nothing goes to waste.  Coca-Cola Sweden wants to lead the development of a circular economy where all packages are collected so that they can be used again.” says Sofie Eliasson Morsink, General Manager for Coca-Cola European Partners Sverige. “Coca-Cola has set out global goals to work towards a world without packaging waste, which includes the goal to recover a bottle or can for everyone that they sell by 2030, and local markets are encouraged to go further and faster wherever they can. In collaboration with local and national partners, as well as through its brand communications, Coca-Cola Sweden wants to encourage all consumers to return all packaging so none of them end up as litter in nature by mistake.”

“Sweden is at the forefront in several areas associated with packaging and sustainability. Our deposit and return system, Returpack, is among the best in the world, which is instrumental to our making this transition now. As a large industry player, we have a responsibility to contribute to a circular economy within the beverage industry”, continues Sofie Eliasson Morsink.

Car-Plastic - Petrochemicals - PET

-Remarks by CEO Amin H. Nasser at Schlumberger Digital Forum 2022

Good morning, Ladies and Gentlemen.

Thank you Olivier for inviting me to join your Forum, here in beautiful Luzern.

After two summers lost to Covid, I hope everyone has enjoyed a well-earned break with family and friends. This week, however, autumn begins, and the global energy crisis promises a colder, harder winter, particularly in Europe.

Unfortunately, the response so far betrays a deep misunderstanding of how we got here in the first place, and therefore little hope of ending the crisis anytime soon. So this morning I would like to focus on the real causes as they shine a bright light on a much more credible way forward.

When historians reflect on this crisis, they will see that the warning signs in global energy policies were flashing red for almost a decade. Many of us have been insisting for years that if investments in oil and gas continued to fall, global supply growth would lag behind demand, impacting markets, the global economy, and people’s lives.

In fact, oil and gas investments crashed by more than 50% between 2014 and last year, from $700 billion to a little over $300 billion. The increases this year are too little, too late, too short-term.

Meanwhile, the energy transition plan has been undermined by unrealistic scenarios and flawed assumptions because they have been mistakenly perceived as facts. For example, one scenario led many to assume that major oil use sectors would switch to alternatives almost overnight, and therefore oil demand would never return to pre-Covid levels.

In reality, once the global economy started to emerge from lockdowns, oil demand came surging back, and so did gas.

By contrast, solar and wind still only account for 10% of global power generation, and less than 2% of global primary energy supply. Even electric vehicles comprise less than 2% of the total vehicle population and now face high electricity prices.

Perhaps most damaging of all was the idea that contingency planning could be safely ignored.

Because when you shame oil and gas investors, dismantle oil- and coal-fired power plants, fail to diversify energy supplies (especially gas), oppose LNG receiving terminals, and reject nuclear power, your transition plan had better be right.

Instead, as this crisis has shown, the plan was just a chain of sandcastles that waves of reality have washed away. And billions around the world now face the energy access and cost of living consequences that are likely to be severe and prolonged.

These are the real causes of this state of energy insecurity: under-investment in oil and gas; alternatives not ready; and no back-up plan. But you would not know that from the response so far.

For example, the conflict in Ukraine has certainly intensified the effects of the energy crisis, but it is not the root cause. Sadly, even if the conflict stopped today (as we all wish), the crisis would not end. Moreover, freezing or capping energy bills might help consumers in the short-term, but it does not address the real causes and is not the long-term solution. And taxing companies when you want them to increase production is clearly not helpful.

Meanwhile, as Europe aggressively promotes alternatives and renewables technologies to reduce one set of dependencies it may simply be replacing them with new ones. As for conventional energy buyers, who expect producers to make huge investments just to satisfy their short-term needs, they should lose those expectations fast. And diverting attention from the real causes by questioning our industry’s morality does nothing to solve the problem.

That is why the world must be clear about the real causes and face up to their consequences. For example, as investments in less carbon intensive gas have been ignored, and contingency planning disregarded, global consumption of coal is expected to rise this year to about 8 billion tonnes.

This would take it back to the record level of nearly a decade ago. Meanwhile, oil inventories are low, and effective global spare capacity is now about one and a half percent of global demand.

Equally concerning is that oil fields around the world are declining on average at about 6% each year, and more than 20% in some older fields last year. At these levels, simply keeping production steady needs a lot of capital in its own right, while increasing capacity requires a lot more.

Yet, incredibly, a fear factor is still causing the critical oil and gas investments in large, long-term projects to shrink. And this situation is not being helped by overly short-term demand factors dominating the debate. Even with strong economic headwinds, global oil demand is still fairly healthy today.

But when the global economy recovers, we can expect demand to rebound further, eliminating the little spare oil production capacity out there. And by the time the world wakes up to these blind spots, it may be too late to change course.

That is why I am seriously concerned.

Let me be clear: we are not saying our global climate goals should change because of this crisis.

All of us have a vested interest in climate protection. And investing in conventional sources does not mean that alternative energy sources and technologies should be ignored. But the world deserves a much better response to this crisis.

This is the moment to increase oil and gas investments, especially capacity development. And at least this crisis has finally convinced people that we need a more credible energy transition plan.

In turn, I believe that requires a new global energy consensus built on three rock-solid and long-term strategic pillars:

Recognition by policy makers and other stakeholders that supplies of ample and affordable conventional energy are still required over the long term;

Further reductions in the carbon footprint of conventional energy, and greater efficiency of energy use, with technology enabling both;

And new, lower carbon energy, steadily complementing proven conventional sources.

At Aramco, we are addressing all three.

We are working to increase our oil production capacity to 13 million barrels per day by 2027. We are also growing our gas production, potentially increasing it by more than half through 2030 with a mix of conventional and unconventional gas.

At the same time, we are working to lower our upstream carbon intensity, our gas flaring, and our methane intensity, which are already among the lowest in the world. We are also intensifying efforts to advance key enabling technologies, particularly CCUS which is mission-critical to a sustainable future.

Meanwhile, chemicals will become a much larger and more strategic part of our portfolio, showcasing the non-combustible uses of oil.

Importantly, we are steadily adding new, lower carbon energy to our own portfolio such as blue hydrogen and blue ammonia, renewables, and electro-fuels. This is our plan to be part of a practical, stable, and inclusive energy transition; others need theirs.

But transforming the massive existing worldwide energy system, and delivering a secure and sustainable future for everyone, is a truly formidable task. So the entire global energy ecosystem and its stakeholders have to work as an “industry plus” team.

We must partner to drive innovation and value on an unprecedented scale and speed to successfully deliver results across the three pillars. In my view, technologies of the Fourth Industrial Revolution are ripe for such partnerships, especially the rapid digital transformation of our industry. Because the right digital investments now could help deliver greater efficiency, lower costs, lower emissions, higher reliability, and higher profits over decades.

For example, at Aramco we have deployed machine learning techniques to predict and prevent safety hazards, monitor emissions, avoid breakdowns, optimize energy use, and predict potential cyber threats. These AI-powered systems are saving us time and money. And improving our ability to reliably supply energy to our customers.

But we want to go further, and we are stronger when we act as a network. That is why I am proud to announce that Aramco and Schlumberger are working on a smart sustainability platform that could commercialize a number of digital solutions and support our net-zero ambitions.

It is the latest chapter in our shared history which goes back to 1941. And I hope it inspires similar projects that will connect a bright future for our industry and the world.

Ladies and Gentlemen, as the pain of the energy crisis sadly intensifies, people around the world are desperate for help. In my view, the best help that policy makers and every stakeholder can offer is to unite the world around a much more credible new transition plan, driving progress on the three strategic pillars I have outlined this morning.

Remarks by CEO Amin H. Nasser at Schlumberger Digital Forum 2022

-What Plastic Do Car Manufacturers Use?

In today’s automotive vehicles, exterior body panels, interior components, and many internal mechanics are made up of nearly entirely plastic materials. However, plastics have been a part of car manufacturing since 1907 with the investigation of Bakelite, a synthetic plastic invented by Leo Baekeland. Bakelite was lightweight, durable, non-conductive, and heat resistant, making it perfect for early car components such as instrument panels, control surfaces, and specific engine parts.

While Bakelite may no longer be used in automotive manufacturing, its use has been replaced by an impressive selection of high-performance plastics that are helping shape the future of transportation. Parts made with high-performance plastics significantly improve a vehicle’s safety and reliability.

To understand how this is all happening, it’s essential to know the plastics involved. So here’s a rundown of today’s most popular plastics in car components and how they’re used.

Plastics Commonly Used In Automotive Parts

Plastics are a choice option for vehicle makers today because they are lightweight and inexpensive. Weight reduction appeals to the consumer’s desire for fuel efficiency, and plastic, in general, is corrosion-resistant and durable, which appeals to safety concerns. Plastics also provide significant design flexibility, making them more practical and inexpensive than metal.

To ensure that the materials used for manufacturing are both enduring and compliant, automotive manufacturers must adhere to a stringent set of industry requirements. This procedure is known as the material qualification process, and all plastics used in automobile manufacturing must undergo this.

As a result, the plastics found in cars are strong, reliable, and resistant to many harsh conditions. Here are some plastics you’re likely to find in car manufacturing.

1) Polypropylene

Polypropylene is the most common plastic found in vehicle manufacturing. A thermoplastic polymer can easily be formed into almost any shape. It has excellent chemical resistance and heat resistance. Polypropylene is frequently used in car bumpers, gas canisters, and carpet fibers.

Polypropylene is also a more economical alternative to expensive plastics of similar strength and durability, which helps drive down the cost of manufacturing.

2) Polycarbonate

Like polypropylene, polycarbonate is known for its impact resistance which is why you’ll find it used in headlamp lenses and car fenders. Polycarbonate is highly weather-resistant and can withstand everything from heat and cold to rain and snow. In addition, polycarbonate’s lightweight features lower an automobile’s overall weight, enhancing its performance and fuel economy.

3) PVC Plastic

PVC (polyvinyl chloride) is a flame-resistant material that can be shaped into flexible and stiff components. Due to its formability and sleek appearance, PVC is another popular material used in automobile interiors—particularly for dashboards, consoles, door coverings, and other interior body elements.

4) ABS Plastic

Like PVC, ABS (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene) plastic has an attractive, smooth finish and is frequently used to make dashboards and steering wheel coverings. In addition, ABS sheet is highly durable and heat resistant. Because it can absorb and redistribute energy during a collision, it’s a popular material when designing a vehicle for passenger safety.

5) Polyethylene

Polyethylene excels in components that require moisture resistance at a relatively low cost but also feature high-impact resistance, low density, and durability. Polyethylene is most often used for glass-reinforced car bodies and electrical insulation.

6) Nylon 6/6

Nylon 6/6 is a versatile nylon that has excellent wear resistance and is used to fabricate parts through both molding and extrusion techniques. In addition, it is frequently used in weatherproof coatings and is favored for its durability, affordability, and stability.

What Plastic Do Car Manufacturers Use?

-Selenis buys DAK’s PET resin manufacturing facility in North Carolina

Selenis has acquired specialty PET resin manufacturing in North Carolina from DAK Americas.

The batch production lines purchased by Selenis in Fayetteville, NC have an annual production capacity of 55 million pounds. They are used to manufacture Glycol Modified PET (PETG).

In a press release, Selenis officials said that given the continued development and growth of the North American market, the company “continues to pursue its expansion plans towards local production.”

“Our goal is always to take care of our employees, our customers and our shareholders,” said CEO Duarte Matos Gil. “This new agreement will help us expand the geographic and industry reach of our products.”

Officials added that Selenis is “very focused” on sustainability, centering its innovation on developing products with up to 50 percent recycled content and fully recyclable PET solutions. The company’s advances in molecular recycling “transform waste into the building blocks of their specialty resins, helping to fight climate change.”

Earlier this year, Selenis renewed its Recyclass certifications for the traceability of recycled content. The certifications attest to the use of 30 percent and 50 percent post-consumer recycled content in the company’s Eco Resins that it commercialized in 2019.

Based in Portalegre, Portugal, Selenis manufactures specialty polyester, PET and copolyester resins. The company is owned by the investment firm IMG Group from Porto, Portugal. IMG also owns global polyester film manufacturer Evertis and is a 50:50 partner with Mexico’s Alpek Group in a PET bottle resin plant in Montreal.

Car-Plastic - Petrochemicals - PET

-ITMA ASIA + CITME 2022 cancelled

2023 exhibition will still be held at the National Exhibition and Convention Centre (NECC) in Shanghai.

ITMA ASIA + CITME 2022 has been rescheduled to November 2023 due to the uncertain pandemic situation in China.

Show owners Cematex and its Chinese partners, the Sub-Council of the Textile Industry, CCPIT (CCPIT-Tex), the China Textile Machinery Association (CTMA) and China Exhibition Centre Group Corporation (CIEC) have advised that the new show dates will be announced shortly.

“Due to the present circumstances in China, we have decided to reschedule the combined show to next year when the pandemic situation is expected to stabilise,” said Ernesto Maurer, president of Cematex. “As the exhibition features the participation of overseas exhibitors and visitors, we believe it is in the interest of the industry that we postpone the exhibition to allow greater participation at the most important textile machinery exhibition in Asia.“

We are very grateful to our exhibitors, media and industry partners for their support,” added Gu Ping, president of the CTMA). “Although the preparatory work has been going smoothly and we are looking forward to the exhibition opening, we must also ensure the health and safety of all our participants.”

ITMA ASIA + CITME 2022 is organised by Beijing Textile Machinery International Exhibition and co-organised by ITMA Services. The Japan Textile Machinery Association is a special partner of the show.

ITMA ASIA + CITME 2022 cancelled

-US plastic scrap Q2 trade data reinforces interdependence of North American recycled plastics industry

As global recycled plastics markets face extreme volatility, Q2 2022 US trade data on plastic scrap material continues to show increased domestic recycling activity, noted by decreasing exports and increasing imports.

Though at present US post-consumer recycled polyethylene terephthalate (R-PET) and recycled polyethylene (R-PE) markets are experiencing demand softness and thus a temporary oversupply of material, both markets suffer from long-term systemic shortages in collected plastic waste. This has encouraged material imports from other North American countries and from Asia.

According to trade data from the US Census Bureau, plastic scrap imports, noted by the HS code 3915, have been following an upward trend since 2012.

Based on 1H 2022 data, Canada and Mexico combined made up nearly two-thirds of plastic scrap imports, totalling over 151,500 tonnes.

During Q2 2022 alone, nearly 120,000 tonnes of scrap plastic was imported into the US.

On the other hand, plastic scrap exports from the US have been decreasing, showing a 74% drop when comparing Q2 2022 to Q2 2017, following the February 2017 announcement of the Chinese National Sword policy to limit shipments of scrap material to China.

Plastic scrap derived polymers of ethylene – HS code 391510, continues to be a primary driver of US plastic scrap exports.

PE-based plastic scrap accounted for 44% of plastic scrap exports in Q2 2022.

Canada and Mexico were also main destinations for exported scrap plastic, receiving 50% of total exported plastic scrap in 1H 2022.

Based on this data, it is clear that intra-North American recycled plastics markets are becoming more and more interdependent, leveraging the various strengths of collection and recycling infrastructure from each region.

Though this data confirms the continuation of plastic scrap macrotrends, Q3 data may tell a different story due to changing global market trends.

Domestic polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottle bale prices fell significantly beginning in July on seasonal oversupply and weak demand from large end markets like fibre, and have persisted at ICIS record lows ever since.

US plastic scrap Q2 trade data reinforces interdependence of North American recycled plastics industry

Hydrogen – Plastic – r-PET 24-09-2022

Hydrogen – Plastic – r-PET 24-09-2022

Hydrogen – Plastic – r-PET

-The world’s largest coal-to-hydrogen PSA unit starts in Shaanxi province, China

The world largest coal-to-hydrogen pressure swing adsorption (PSA) unit has successfully started in Qingshui Industrial Park, Yulin Economic and Technological Development Zone, Shaanxi Province on September 12, 2022.

Using coal as a raw material, the plant has a total hydrogen production capacity of 350,000 tonnes per year.

This coal-to-hydrogen plant adopts pressure swing adsorption technology developed by Southwest Research and Design Institute of Chemical Industry, a research institute affiliated with Sinochem, a state-owned chemical giant.

The PSA unit is a part of Yulin Chemical’s demonstration project of new chemical materials for the separative utilization of coal-the 1.8 million mt/year monoethylene glycol plant.

Yulin Chemical, a company of Shaanxi Coal and Chemical Industry Group, is now testing the coal gasification unit, and is expected to get MEG products in October at its 600kt/year No.1 syngas-based MEG unit of its 1.8 million mt/year plant.

The world's largest coal-to-hydrogen PSA unit starts in Shaanxi province, China

-Researchers develop technology to reduce volume of uranium waste by up to 90%

South Korea’s state nuclear energy research body has developed a technology that can reduce the volume of uranium waste by up to 90 percent and safely dispose of it. For commercialization, researchers have transferred their technology to a private company specializing in radioactive waste treatment and disposal.

The Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) said its research team left contaminated nuclides behind to easily separate non-radioactive substances from radioactive waste. “We hope that the new technology will contribute to solving the problem of radioactive waste in our society through technology transfer,” Lee Keun-young, a senior KAERI researcher, said in a statement on September 21.

The traditional acid cleaning method cannot treat radioactive waste below the concentration that can be disposed of by itself and exposed difficulties in reducing the volume of waste. Lee’s team has developed a technology to reduce the volume of uranium waste by separating non-radioactive materials from uranium waste.

KAERI said that the uranium waste solid was made into a solution, with non-radioactive materials selectively precipitated and separated into general waste. By incorporating sintering technology, researchers made uranium stable so that it does not react with other materials, and reduced volume by 50 percent. Sintering is the process of forming a solid mass of material through heat and pressure without melting to the point of liquefaction.

Researchers develop technology to reduce volume of uranium waste by up to 90%

-Scaling up plastic recycling

In Morocco, plastic recycling firm Sumilon is scaling up to serve the rising global demand for recycled plastic.

Before 2013, Rajneesh Kumar Mittal had never devoted much thought to Morocco. Looking at a Google map one day, however, he saw the country’s ideal location at the crossroads of Europe and Africa. And then he contacted the country’s investment authorities.

His conversation helped him to understand the country’s assets, its logistical facilities and supply chains. At the time, Morocco already had free trade agreements with the European Union, the US, and Turkey where Mr. Mittal lived. The Tangiers Med port – co-financed by the European Investment Bank – was putting the European Union just two to three days away by sea and the United States a mere seven days.

Keen on attracting businessmen like Mr. Mittal, Morocco created the Tangiers Free Zone to build a new modern and dynamic industrial ecosystem at the gates of Europe. This is where, in 2015, Sumilon Eco PET started its first recycling and repackaging factory.

A rising demand for recycled plastic

The harmful effects of plastic waste on the environment and our health are well documented. In the European Union alone, single-use plastic items and fishing gear represent 70% of all marine litter. A number of measures exist to address the problem, including greater use of recycled products.

Since January 2021, the EU Directive on single-use plastics calls for PET (polyethylene terephthalate, a form of polyester) bottles to contain 25% recycled plastic by 2025. While the current annual demand for recycled plastic is estimated at around six metric tons in the European Union, seven to eight million tons in the US and 30 million tons worldwide, it is expected to reach 42 million metric tons in 2030.  Hydrogen – Plastic – r-PET

“From an environmental perspective, plastic recycling makes a huge sense. You save a lot of pollution from CO2 emissions and save plastics going into the water,” says Rajneesh. “Experts say that if we are within a 60-kilometre range of the ocean, if the plastics are not collected, recycled and treated well, they will end up in the sea.”

As things stand, production remains insufficient to meet the rising demand. So the challenge for entrepreneurs such as Mr Mittal is not competition but fulfilling the demands of its worldwide customers for quality and timely delivery.

Scaling up plastic recycling

-“Reduce, reuse, recycle”: Greiner Packaging presents targeted solutions at FachPack 2022

Greiner Packaging will showcase its latest product developments in line with all three elements of the “reduce, reuse, recycle” principle at FachPack from September 27 to 29. Food packaging made of r-PET and the self-separating cardboard-plastic cup K3® r100 will be among the highlights.

With their slogan, “Join the circular revolution!” the packaging experts at Greiner Packaging are calling on customers and industry colleagues to join them on the path to a sustainable circular economy. At FachPack in Nuremberg, Germany, the company will present the solutions it has developed to help achieve this goal.

Keeping PET in circulation

By acquiring its first recycling company – Serbian producer of r-PET flakes, ALWAG – Greiner Packaging has entered the recycling business and taken a vital step on its journey into a sustainable future. Taking over the Serbian location, which will operate under the name Greiner Recycling d.o.o. going forward, secures important material streams for the company and reinforces its commitment to promoting a circular economy. Greiner Packaging recognizes the potential of circular-ready PET and has set itself the goal of driving forward the development of a PET tray-to-tray recycling stream to complement the existing bottle stream, which already functions well. This backward integration step is an important milestone on the journey.  Hydrogen – Plastic – r-PET

At FachPack in Nuremberg, the company will present packaging solutions made of up to 100% r-PET that it has already successfully implemented and reveal what the food packaging of the future could look like – whether for salads, spreads, convenience foods, or dairy products. In the future, it will even be possible to use r-PET for products requiring hot sterilization by utilizing the temperature-stable material r-PET HTS® .

r100: the self-separating cup

One innovation that combines two of the “Rs” – reduce and recycle – is the self-separating cardboard-plastic combination K3® r100. The cardboard wrap, which lends sturdiness to the thin walls of the plastic cup, separates itself from the cup during the waste collection process.

“Reduce, reuse, recycle”: Greiner Packaging presents targeted solutions at FachPack 2022

-Italian waste-to-hydrogen project receives €194m as part of IPCEI Hy2Use

Italian-based Maire Tecnimont has announced its subsidiary, NextChem, has been assigned €194m ($191m) to develop a waste-to-hydrogen plant as part of the European Commission-backed IPCEI Hy2Use project.

In its initial phase, the plant is expected to produce 1,500 tonnes of hydrogen and 55,000 tonnes of ethanol each year, with ambitions to grow capacity up to 20,000 tonnes of hydrogen annually as demand increases. Hydrogen – Plastic – r-PET

H2 View understands, NextChem’s technology, developed by its subsidiary MyRechemical will process 200,000 tonnes of non-recyclable solid waste as year as raw material, which also helps optimise the waste treatment cycle in Rome, Italy.

Maire Tecnimont says the project sets up the Hydrogen Valley in Rome, which will come as the ‘first’ industrial-scale hub for the develop of an Italian national supply chain for the production, transport, storage, and use of hydrogen for the decarbonisation of industrial processes and mobility.

It is hoped the IPCEI grant, supported by the Italian Ministry of Economic Development, will allow Maire Tecnimont’s industrial model to become a best practice for global waste-to-hydrogen production.

Alessandro Berini, CEO of Maire Tecnimont and NextChem, said,  “We are proud of the goal achieved by Maire Tecnimont Group with NextChem, and of the recognition of the industrial and technological skills of our Country by the European Union to develop a low-carbon and low-cost hydrogen economy.

Hydrogen - Plastic - r-PET

-PRE: Circular economy for plastics at risk

As the energy crisis deepens on the continent, its repercussions on electricity prices impact the operations of plastic recycling facilities, putting at risk the transition towards circularity.

“Stopping the recycling activities will have an immediate, negative impact on the plastic waste management in Europe,” said Ton Emans, Plastics Recyclers Europe President. “If we want to drive a circular economy in Europe, plastic recycling must be considered a key industry sector to be targeted by Member States’ efforts to protect it from the impact of high electricity prices.” Hydrogen – Plastic – r-PET

Plastic recycling facilities run 24 hours, 7 days a week, which means that energy utilities are among the three major cost factors, after labour and maintenance, representing roughly 15-20% of the total operational costs. However, given the 400% increase in their prices, energy costs have now become the number one expenditure, representing up to 70% of the OPEX. This makes it nearly impossible for recycling companies to break even and means that, without the European Commission’s as well as the Member States’ intervention, many companies will close.

Navigating a pathway to a low-carbon EU economy by 2050, therefore, can only happen with the contribution of the recycling industry, as plastic recycling has the lowest carbon footprint in comparison to other waste management options like incineration or landfill.

Hydrogen - Plastic - r-PET

-Print Toner Gets New Life in Asphalt

Resin from used Canon toner cartridges is being used in asphalt mixes.

In Newport News, VA, a collaboration between Canon Virginia and Basic Construction is recycling print toner material into asphalt mixtures.

Canon’s largest cartridge recycling center is located in nearby Gloucester, VA. There, used cartridges are received from customers, disassembled and sorted. Metals are sent to other partners for recycling, and the cartridges themselves are repelletized for production of new cartridges.  Toner is now being sent to Newport News, where it is also repelletized.

The asphalt project began over two years ago when Basic, also located in Newport News, asked to test the recycled toner pellets as a binding agent. A large test matrix was designed to ensure  Hydrogen – Plastic – r-PET

performance and durability of the mixture. The testing process was lengthy but ultimately a successful formula was created.

The toner is made of a styrene-acrylate copolymer, which helps to bind and harden the asphalt mixture, reducing the need for virgin materials.

Hydrogen - Plastic - r-PET

-PT KPI plans to build PP production in Indonesia

Indonesian company PT Kilang Pertamina International (PT KPI) plans to use WR Grace’s UNIPOL polypropylene (PP) production technology at a 600,000-tonne-a-year polypropylene plant in Indonesia, the company said.

It is noted that this project is part of the project for the development of the olefin complex Trans-Pacific Petrochemical Indotama (TPPI) PT KPI in Indonesia.

The company adds that the TPPI project will “expand the capabilities” of PT KPIs to increase polyolefin processing and production capacity by bridging the gap between strong growth in demand for petrochemical products and a lack of domestic production capacity.”

The polypropylene plant will be designed to produce homopolymers, statistical and impact-resistant copolymers to meet the needs of the domestic and international market.

Financial terms or details about the timing of completion and construction were not disclosed. Hydrogen – Plastic – r-PET

According to the ScanPlast review, the supply of polypropylene to the Russian market in January-June of this year amounted to 676.56 thousand tons (calculated according to the formula production + import – export), which is 7% lower than in 2021. Supplies of all types of polypropylene from both domestic producers and imports decreased.

PT Kaltim Parna Industri (KPI) is a joint venture between Mitsubishi Corp (55%), Asahi Kasei (10%) and local partners including Parna.

Hydrogen - Plastic - r-PET

Hydrogen – Plastic – r-PET

Polystyrene – Recycled-fibers 23-09-2022

Polystyrene – Recycled-fibers 23-09-2022

Polystyrene – Recycled-fibers

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-AmSty, Encina sign offtake agreement for polystyrene feedstocks

The feedstocks agreement helps AmSty ensure its products designed for food packaging applications will contain at least 30 percent recycled content by 2030.

Americas Styrenics (AmSty), Houston, as signed a memorandum of understanding with The Woodlands, Texas-based Encina Development Group that enables AmSty to purchase up to 250,000 tons per year of circular feedstocks from Encina’s facilities. Encina produces circular materials using advanced recycling technology that works at the molecular level.

AmSty also has signed a formal long-term offtake agreement for the purchase of circular feedstocks from Encina’s first U.S. commercial plant in Point Township, Pennsylvania, which is expected to begin production in early 2025. These circular feedstocks will then be available for purchase as recycled-content credits, based on the International Sustainability and Carbon Certification (ISCC Plus) mass-balance system.

AmSty has committed to ensure that all its polystyrene (PS) products designed for food packaging applications will contain at least 30 percent recycled content by 2030, according to a news release from AmSty. Polystyrene – Recycled-fibers

“This new collaboration is vital to helping AmSty meet that goal and demonstrates our total commitment to a sustainable future across all of our market segments,” says Randy Pogue, AmSty president and CEO.?

Tim Barnette, vice president of polymers and sustainability at AmSty, says this new agreement with Encina allows companies across AmSty’s portfolio to offer recyclable, sustainable products.

“Now is the time for market leaders to join forces with us to commit to introducing circular polystyrene products at scale,” Barnette says. “We have been working diligently toward this moment and are now ready to move forward commercializing PolyRenew credits in a big way.” ????

Encina plans to continue to build commercial plants across the U.S. As the company continues to bring more facilities online, AmSty says it plans to enter into additional offtake agreements to purchase circular feedstocks from those facilities.

AmSty, Encina sign offtake agreement for polystyrene feedstocks

-SK chemicals works on development of high-quality fibers with recycled PET bottles

SK chemicals tied up with a state research body and a social enterprise to develop high-quality recycled fibers, as part of efforts to expand its green chemical business using eco-friendly materials, such as Skypet CR, which is based on chemically recycled polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles.

Using Skypet CR with excellent physical properties and eco-friendliness, the Korea Textile Development Institute (KTDI) will produce various threads. Art Impact, a social venture engaged in e-commerce and clothing manufacturing, will sell fabrics and use them for the production of clothes. Polystyrene – Recycled-fibers

“We hope that interest in recycled raw materials will increase thanks to growing environment-conscious value consumption,” Kim Hyun-suk, head of SK chemicals’ green chemical division, said in a statement on September 21.

The accumulation of plastic waste has become a serious global problem. PET is the most common thermoplastic polymer resin used in the creation of fabrics and plastic bottles. Recycled PET bottles have been used to manufacture clothes, bags and shoes. Chemical recycling breaks down and returns plastic to its pure, raw material form. It is an attractive way to address the explosive growth of plastic waste and disposal problems.

SK chemicals has established a green business platform for a recycled plastic circulation ecosystem that connects producers, partners, and brands online.

Polystyrene - Recycled-fibers

-ISWA 2022: Circles for a thirsty planet

Technology provider Tomra says a combination of policies and techniques can lead to more plastic bottle-to-bottle recycling.

Europe-based recycling technology provider Tomra says it has had a front-row seat to view what works when it comes to turning plastic packaging into a circular material, and the company has increasingly been willing to share what it says it has learned.

At the 2022 International Solid Waste Association (ISWA) convention, held in Singapore in September, Jakob Rognhaug of Tomra presented an overview of the technology vendor’s findings, telling convention attendees, “We can make a serious contribution” when it comes to establishing a pollution-free, low-carbon packaging sector.

Rognhaug cited deposit-return schemes or systems (DRS) as a vital first step toward diverting polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and other bottles into a high-grade recycling loop. Currently, he said, only about 2 percent of PET bottles globally head into such bottle-to-bottle close loops. Polystyrene – Recycled-fibers

Tomra has as its goal, said Rognhaug, a 30 percent rate by 2030.

Attempts to boost PET bottle recycling without DRS have “proven to be a failure,” said Rognhaug. Systems that require a deposit payment that is returned when recycling collection occurs “incentivizes the [household] consumer” he added.

Rognhaug said Tomra has found that source-separated collection of materials helps provide the cleaner material streams demanded by paper mills and metals melt shops, but it may not be as necessary in the plastics sector. Recycling program operators have found that asking people to place their plastic into too many separate bins may result in less overall plastic collection.

Thus, Tomra has been advocating setting up dry municipal solid waste (MSW) mixed materials sorting plants, and the company says it has helped devise such facilities, including two in Norway where Tomra is based.

In the Norwegian waste districts with these plants, said Rognhaug, some 70 to 90 percent of all plastic is being recovered for recycling. Additionally, the facilities are recovering paper, board and metal that was not initially properly placed into source-separated bins. “Mixed waste sorting is proven,” stated Rognhaug.

Although advocates of chemical or pyrolysis recycling processes have adopted the term “advanced recycling,” Rognhaug proposed that the type of systems that included DRS, mixed waste sorting and eventual bottle-to-bottle closed loop recycling can be referred to as “advanced mechanical recycling.” Polystyrene – Recycled-fibers

Polystyrene - Recycled-fibers

-Resin Price Report: Producer Efforts to Reduce PE Output Start to Bear Fruit

Overall polyethylene (PE) inventory levels receded following the August action and prices have held steady.

Spot resin trading continued to improve last week, driven by late railcars requiring quick truckloads and processors restocking. Also a factor was solid reseller buying fueled by mismatched supply and demand, as some producers restricted spot sales at favorable pricing while others still had material to move and were willing to deal. Then on Sept. 15, market participants breathed a collective sigh of relief as railroads and unions reached a tentative agreement, averting a rail strike.

PP resin prices drop

Polyethylene (PE) prices held steady the week of Sept. 12, as producers maintained their more passive selling stance amid reduced production in an effort to rebalance supply/demand and regain pricing power, reports the PlasticsExchange in its Market Update. Polypropylene (PP) prices, on the other hand, dropped a hefty $0.04/lb, caused by falling feedstock costs, a steady to heavy flow of off-grade railcars, slack demand, and excess supply. Polystyrene – Recycled-fibers

Industry data released during the week showed producer efforts to reduce PE stockpiles were starting to pay off. Overall inventory levels came down for August, with the exception of linear-low-density (LLD) PE. Total PE exports were among the highest ever, reaching nearly 1.9 billion pounds. PP, however, showed another surprise build in inventories, which have swelled to near record levels. There is just too much PP production, comments the PlasticsExchange in its report. “Given market conditions, [it] seems rather silly to run reactors so hard these past two months, as production margins rapidly erode,” writes the Chicago-based resin clearinghouse. The glut will only worsen in the coming months, as more PE and PP capacity comes online.

PE producers pursue September price increase

Nevertheless, PE producers remain steadfast in pursuing an increase for September, which many see as a precaution in case there are major disruptions during the height of hurricane season. One major producer lowered its proposed September increase from $0.06/lb down to a nickel. A second major producer still has a combined $0.10/lb increase on the table over the next two months.

Polystyrene - Recycled-fibers

-Billion Industrial Holdings to build PET plant in Vietnam

China’s Billion Industrial Holdings to build PET plant in Vietnam, said the company.

The Further Investment will include purchase of land of a gross floor area of approximately 200,000 square meters, purchase of equipment for manufacturing of polyester bottle chips, and construction of new factory with a total construction area of approximately 14,000 square meters with an expected annual production capacity of approximately 300,000 tons. Polystyrene – Recycled-fibers

The Company expect that the new manufacturing facilities for the polyester bottle chips production business will be put into commercial production gradually from June 2023.

As of the date of this announcement, the Group has not entered into any legally binding agreement in relation to the Further Investment. The Company will make further announcement(s) and will comply with the applicable provisions under the Listing Rules in relation to the Further Investment if and when appropriate.

The Board considers that the development of a new polyester bottle chips production facility in Vietnam will benefit the Group and generate good financial returns, primarily because (i) Vietnam’s advantageous location in the region provides convenient conditions for procurement and transportation of raw and auxiliary materials; (ii) a huge market space exists in neighbouring markets; and (iii) the polyester bottle chips markets are expanding and the Group may capture the growing market demand through the Further Investment.

We remind, Koch Technology Solutions (KTS), a Koch Engineered Solutions company, and Ioniqa Technologies announced a partnership to scale up and commercialize Ioniqa’s advanced Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) recycle technology in the plastics industry. As part of this collaboration, KTS has committed to invest up to €30 MM in Ioniqa. Ioniqa has developed an innovative process that utilizes low-grade post-consumer PET to infinitely produce a feedstock that displaces virgin raw materials used in the production of polyester products.

Polystyrene - Recycled-fibers

-PCG and ExxonMobil to collaborate on plastic recycling in Malaysia

PETRONAS Chemicals Group Berhad (PCG), the petrochemical arm of PETRONAS, and ExxonMobil have signed a memorandum of understanding to assess the potential for large-scale implementation of advanced plastic recycling technology to help create a circular economy for plastics in Malaysia, said the company.

The companies will also evaluate opportunities to support improvements to plastic waste collection and sorting in the country. Representing PCG at the signing was Ir. Mohd Yusri, Managing Director/Chief Executive Officer, and for ExxonMobil, Dave Andrew, Vice President of new market development. Polystyrene – Recycled-fibers

“PCG has been continuously exploring and implementing innovative technologies to develop sustainable solutions demanded by its customers,” said Ir. Mohd Yusri. “This collaboration is yet another significant step towards the transition into a circular economy on the back of increased demand for circular products and signifies our commitment to use recycled raw materials in the chemical industry.”

“Advanced recycling plays an important role in meeting the growing demand for circular products, while helping to address the challenge of plastic waste,” said Andrew. “Leveraging new technologies and the expertise of both of our organizations, we hope to accelerate a more circular economy for plastics in the region.”

The agreement builds on a long-standing relationship between ExxonMobil and PETRONAS that has seen multiple successful collaborations and business ventures in Malaysia and abroad.

PCG is committed to accelerating the region’s transition to a more circular economy for plastics. The company is currently conducting several feasibility studies on plastics recycling. In 2019, PCG signed an agreement with Plastic Energy to convert end-of-life plastics using a pyrolysis process, and the facility is on track to be operational by 2025. In addition, PCG is collaborating with waste management companies to unlock the value within the solid waste ecosystem in Malaysia. These collaborations will help to divert plastic waste from landfills and create an ecosystem that is conducive to the transition to a circular economy.

To enhance awareness of proper management of plastic waste in Malaysia, PCG also developed an education module titled “Plastic, Sustainability & You” that is distributed to schools nationwide. The module was developed in collaboration with The Ministry of Education, Solid Waste Management and Public Cleansing Corporation and Malaysian Plastics Manufacturers Association. Using the content from this module, PCG conducted webinar sessions and has successfully reached more than 130,000 people in Malaysia.

ExxonMobil plans to build approximately 500,000 metric tons of advanced recycling capacity at its integrated manufacturing facilities around the world by year-end 2026. At its proprietary Exxtend technology at its advanced recycling facility in Baytown, Texas, ExxonMobil has processed more than 5,000 metric tons of plastic waste since the facility started up in 2021, and is on track to complete large-scale expansion of the facility later this year. The company is assessing additional sites for advanced recycling in the U.S., Canada, Europe and Singapore, and collaborating with Plastic Energy to build an advanced recycling plant in France. Polystyrene – Recycled-fibers

Polystyrene - Recycled-fibers

In Turkey, Europe’s New Trash Can, Recycling Plastic Is Seriously Damaging Health And The Environment

Since China decided not to be the world’s trash can anymore and to ban the import of plastic waste in 2018, Turkey has become the first destination for waste from the European Union (EU). In 2020 and 2021, it received around half of the plastic waste that the Twenty-Seven do not process on their own territory. Between 2016 and 2020, imports jumped by more than 1,200% to now reach around 450,000 tonnes per year.

The non-governmental organization (NGO) Human Rights Watch (HRW) has investigated the health and environmental consequences of this plastic recycling boom in Turkey, a country which is already struggling to absorb its own waste, estimated at around 5 million tonnes per year. year. “It’s as if they were poisoning us” : in a report published Wednesday, September 21, HRW is sounding the alarm. Respiratory problems, severe headaches, skin diseases, lack of protective equipment, limited or non-existent access to medical treatment, child labor… Throughout the 88 pages, the NGO draws up a catastrophic inventory. It concerns both local residents and workers in these recycling facilities, who are often recruited from among the most precarious populations (refugees, irregular migrants). Polystyrene – Recycled-fibers

Read also: Plastic waste is expected to continue to rise by 2060, even if stringent measures are taken, warns the OECD

According to data from the Turkish Ministry of Environment, Turkey has more than 1,800 recycling facilities across the country. HRW conducted its investigations in Istanbul (12% of installations) and Adana (9%). A southern city of 2 million inhabitants, Adana is the capital of plastic recycling. Located near the port of Mersin, on the Mediterranean, this is where nearly half of the imports of this type of waste land.

Recycling involves several steps. The vast majority of plastic is collected by an army of “collectors”, estimated at 500,000 people, who criss-cross the streets of the country on foot or by bicycle. The waste is then crushed, washed, melted at high temperature, then transformed into pellets. This transformation process is the source of the emission of many toxic pollutants. Some facilities visited by HRW were obviously not suitable.

In Turkey, Europe’s New Trash Can, Recycling Plastic Is Seriously Damaging Health And The Environment

-Pocan E: new PBT product range from LANXESS with outstanding tracking resistance

  • Ideal for compact electrical and electronic assemblies
  • A wealth of opportunities for use in electric vehicles
  • Highest insulation class
  • Excellent hydrolysis stability, flame-retardant properties, flowability, and toughness

Specialty chemicals company LANXESS has developed new polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) compounds for use in electrical and electronic assemblies. Under the name Pocan E, the company is now offering a product range comprising short-glass-fiber-reinforced grades that are especially suited to applications in e-mobility and the electrical/electronics (E/E) industry thanks to their tracking resistance and insulation properties.

With their tracking resistance, the new compounds score the best possible rating of 600 in the CTI A test (Comparative Tracking Index – IEC 60112) and therefore meet the requirements of the highest insulation class according to IEC 60664-1. “Previously, glass-fiber-reinforced PBT compounds with such high tracking resistance were not readily available on the market. Polystyrene – Recycled-fibers

We have now closed that gap. We have also succeeded in providing the materials with further advantages such as optimized mechanical properties as well as excellent flowability, hydrolysis resistance, and flame-retardant properties. In addition, they are highly suitable for coloring – orange, for example,” explains Dr. Claudia Schmid-Daehling, who shares the responsibility for PBT product development at LANXESS. High suitability for coloring is important for various safety-relevant components such as high-voltage connectors that must be clearly color-coded.

Tracking-resistant even above 600 volts

Plastic parts for electrical and electronic components must increasingly be more resistant to undesirable creepage currents. Reasons for this include the strong currents and high voltages in electric vehicles, the trend toward miniaturized device components, and the ever-decreasing distances between metal contacts in connectors and terminals.

Pocan E: new PBT product range from LANXESS with outstanding tracking resistance

Polystyrene – Recycled-fibers

Sustainable-plastics – Nonwovens 22-09-2022

Sustainable-plastics – Nonwovens 22-09-2022

Sustainable-plastics – Nonwovens

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-International Fibres Group launches Fibres Research Centre in Austria

Fibre manufacturer International Fibres Group (IFG) has launched a new Fibres Research Centre, based at its IFG Asota site in Linz, Austria. The new site will house the SF1000 Pilot Line, IFG’s state-of-the-art, semi-industrial melt spinning line, which is the only one of its kind in the western world.

The pilot line allows the research centre to test and evaluate new and emerging polymer types, which can be developed and engineered specifically to meet the bespoke environmental and performance challenges of its customers, with the aim to find new and sustainable alternatives to traditionally fossil-based products.

The new centre will allow the R&D team from IFG to host customers and demonstrate the pilot line in action. Sustainable-plastics – Nonwovens

“Key launch partners include OMYA, Arkema and PTTMCC / Mitsubishi Chemicals. Approaches for collaborative research projects are welcomed by the IFG team, especially for those who have sustainable alternatives to fossil-based polymers and additives to test and develop,” IFG said in a press release.

Simon Riepler, IFG Group R&D director said, “The new Fibres Research Centre sees itself as an international centre of competence for thermoplastic fibres. The goal was and is to create a place where state of the art fibre R&D can happen. Together with our suppliers, customers and development partners we work on the sustainable fibre solutions for the future where biobased, biodegradable and recycled materials are key of the scope.”

International Fibres Group launches Fibres Research Centre in Austria

-UK: New funding competition to drive innovation in smart sustainable plastics

UK Research & Innovation’s Smart Sustainable Plastic Packaging (SSPP) Challenge has launched a new £2.5 million Future Plastic Packaging Solutions Round 2 competition for research and innovation projects seeking grant funding from £30,000 to £250,000.

From new recycling processes to reuse and refill solutions and novel polymers, the £60 million SSPP Challenge is working to make plastic packaging fit for a sustainable future. It is the largest and most ambitious UK government investment to date in sustainable plastics research and innovation, and is focused on driving a step change in the UK’s ability to reduce, reuse and recycle plastic packaging.Sustainable-plastics – Nonwovens

This latest competition is open to applications from projects that:

help make the plastics packaging supply chain more circular;

deliver the objectives and/or targets of the UK Plastics Pact, creating a circular economy for plastics, keeping them in the economy and out of the natural environment;

embed lifecycle thinking and end-of-life in packaging design and decisions.

“In building the SSPP project portfolio, we have been aiming for a balanced approach that targets some of the key barriers to increasing the reduction, reuse and recycling of plastic packaging,” explains SSPP Challenge Director Paul Davidson. “For this competition, we are looking for bold and ambitious innovation proposals that keep the value embedded in plastic packaging in the economy, and out of the natural environment.”

In this funding round, SSPP is particularly interested in proposals focused on:

  • preventing, mitigating or measuring plastic packaging litter pollution in the environment;
  • facilitating and scaling-up the adoption of reuse, refill and prefill packaging systems; and
  • novel chemical recycling approaches for PET packaging.

UK: New funding competition to drive innovation in smart sustainable plastics

-How to find Mono Ethylene Glycol manufacturer?

ono Ethylene Glycol manufacturers choose the most optimal production method by considering parameters such as high selectivity, high product conversion, less environmental pollution, low corrosion and high catalytic activity.

Mono Ethylene Glycol also with the name MEG is often a sweet taste liquid that may be odorless and poisonous and is Among the most helpful substances during the chemical and petrochemical market.

MEG is a poisonous, viscous, colorless, odorless, syrup liquid with a sweet style. This substance is utilised widely being an intermediate product for manufacturing various handy chemical and petrochemical goods. The chemical system from the Mono Ethylene Glycol is C2H6O2. Sustainable-plastics – Nonwovens

Mono Ethylene Glycol manufacturers use Ethylene Oxide with water within neutral or acid-based environments to create Mono Ethylene Glycol with a grade of much more than 90%. As MEG is usually a poisonous compound, has to be transported and made use of with care and employing professional safety amenities. Mono Ethylene Glycol manufacturers

Mono Ethylene Glycol manufacturers choose the most optimal production method by considering parameters such as high selectivity, high product conversion, less environmental pollution, low corrosion, and high catalytic activity.

Sustainable-plastics - Nonwovens

-EuPC: High Energy costs badly affect plastics converters in Europe

Several European Plastics Converters are at risk due to the high Energy prices. ​

Converters like many other energy-intensive industries, are shocked by the dramatic increase in electricity and gas prices. Although some companies have so far been able to avoid a cost increase due to current contracts, the industry average has doubled electricity costs since the beginning of the year.Sustainable-plastics – Nonwovens

However, many companies have to pay up to 750 percent higher electricity price than at the beginning of the year. ​ In certain countries, the additional salary increases on top of the energy costs increases have placed converters in front of a dilemma to continue production or stop the processing lines. This situation will actually put at risk the supply of essential packaged goods in the EU. ​ For certain industries in some EU Countries there is currently no business case to continue production nor visibility and certainty for investments and further developments. The effects of those closures are also starting to have a severe impact on the European industrial base.

EuPC Managing Director Alexandre Dangis calls the EU Commission, Council of Ministries and European Parliament to agree and to suggest on very short-term impactful actions which are needed at European level for keeping the industrial value chains operating.

EuPC: High Energy costs badly affect plastics converters in Europe

-Why SMEs in the beverage industry call for a fairer access to the recycled PET coming from their packaging

In the EU, recycled PET is becoming almost as rare and expensive as white truffles or gold. Everybody wants qualitative recycled PET from beverage bottles, and the demand significantly exceeds the offer.

Delphine Close is an EU Policy Manager at UNESDA Soft Drinks Europe.

Business is business, but not all businesses are the same. Only some: have to meet mandatory recycled content and collection targets; have to comply with strict food-grade safety requirements for their packaging; make considerable investments in the recyclability, collection, and recycling of their packaging; and can recycle their packaging several times in a closed loop.Sustainable-plastics – Nonwovens

This is the case for beverage producers. Despite those legislative requirements and their investment in bottle-to-bottle circularity, many soft drink companies have limited or no access to the recycled PET issued from their packaging.

SMEs are at particular risk of being unable to reach EU mandatory recycled content targets.

Lucia Morvai, Director of External Affairs and Communications at Správca zálohového systému, the Slovak Deposit Return System (DRS) Administrator, testifies: “We have some reasonable concerns regarding the risk faced by some producers not being able to meet the obligations arising from the EU Single-Use Plastics Directive, especially when it comes to access the sufficient amount and quality of recycled material needed to produce new drink containers made with recycled PET.”

Small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are particularly at risk. Most of them cannot afford the very high prices of recycled material. Recycled PET price premium over virgin PET is continuously reaching new records. In Europe, rPET is reported at a 30%-plus premium over virgin.

The Portuguese SME Água de Monchique confirms that the current rPET price is already way too high, and “when more producers will start incorporating rPET to meet the 2025 and 2030 targets, the access to rPET will be even more limited, and the situation may get worse”, they add.

The rPET price is currently defined by what the highest bidder is ready to pay, with companies from the food, textile and automotive sectors (among others) competing against each other. While this situation may please the recyclers, it cannot be seen as fair that many businesses with recycled content targets cannot access the necessary material to comply with their legal obligations or that the current pricing favours downcycling over closed-loop recycling.

Petra Medved Djurašinović, Secretary General of the Slovenian Beverages Association, explains: “In Slovenia, over 100 companies operate in the beverage industry, employing over 1,200 workers. These are mainly SMEs, and many are currently facing a severe crisis due to the rising prices of recycled material and its general unavailability. In this context, and to support our sector’s efforts to create a closed loop for beverage bottles, a mechanism that grants better access to recycled material is crucial”.

The need for action is also supported by Bert Harwig, SHEQ Manager at United Soft Drinks, a Dutch beverage SME: “The demand for high quality recycled PET is growing by the day, which means it becomes increasingly difficult to get the right amount of rPET.

To stay competitive with larger companies, for an SME like us, it is essential that basic rules about the buying of recycled PET from our packaging are set. It means we should have the first right to buy back the amount of recycled PET in proportion to what we put on the market”. Sustainable-plastics – Nonwovens

What is the solution to help SMEs access the necessary recycled PET?

This access problem could easily be solved by introducing a priority access mechanism or right of first refusal in the upcoming revision of the EU Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive (PPWD). Every producer (from the smallest to the biggest one) would then have the option to buy the recycled material issued from the recyclable packaging it put on the EU market (after adjustment for collection and recycling rates).

Sustainable-plastics - Nonwovens

-Varel carrying out preliminary planning to add a new machine for ultra-lightweight recycled containerboard

The new PM would have a capacity of 600,000 tpy, final decision is expected in H1 2023.

German containerboard producer Varel is considering building a new mill to make ultra-lightweight recycled corrugated case material at an additional site in Wilhelmshaven, Germany. The company announced that it was engaged in intensive preparatory planning for the project; Varel was looking into adding another production line for ultra-lightweight recycled paper for the German and international corrugated board industry. The favoured location in Wilhelmshaven is on the site of a closed Uniper coal-fired power plant. Varel is embroiled in in-depth discussions with Uniper about the site.

The planned machine will have a capacity of 600,000 tpy and be designed to make ultra-lightweight grammages starting at 60 g/m2, according to Varel. The firm expects to make a final decision on the project in the first half of next year, with production starting in 2026 at the earliest. At present the company has total output capacity of about 930,000 tpy of recycled solid board and recycled fluting and brown and white recycled liner as well as a number of composite materials.Sustainable-plastics – Nonwovens

Varel feels that the market for sustainable packaging materials has potential and feels that ultra-lightweight packaging paper will be essential to next-generation fibre-based packaging. The site in Wilhelmshaven could work towards climate-neutral manufacturing from the outset, the firm said, adding that potential wind and solar power sources and green hydrogen offered a wide variety of opportunities to do so.

Sustainable-plastics - Nonwovens

-Nonwovens sector issues energy price warning

The European nonwoven and textile industries has responded to the EU Commission initiatives aimed at tackling the current energy crisis with warnings of drops in capacity and significant job losses if more incisive action is not taken without delay.

In August, when gas wholesale prices reached the record level of 340€/MWh – triggering also sky-high electricity prices – the European textiles industry called on the European Union to adopt a wholesale price cap for gas, the revision of the merit-order principle in the electricity market, support for SMEs and a single European strategy.

On 14 September 2022, on the occasion of the State of the Union address by President Von der Leyen, the Commission announced initiatives aimed at tackling the dramatic energy crisis that the Europe is facing.Sustainable-plastics – Nonwovens

“We, the European associations representing the whole textiles’ ecosystem, welcome these proposals by the Commission to change the TTF benchmark parameters and decouple the TTF from the electricity market and the revision of the merit-order principle for the electricity market, which is no longer serving the purpose it was designed for,” the industry said in a joint statement. “We also welcome the proposal to amend the state-aid framework that, in our view, should include the textiles finishing, the textiles services and the nonwoven sectors as well as a simplification of the application requirements. Furthermore, we call for a uniform implementation across the EU.”

However, the industry has also acknowledged that the Commission proposal lacks in ambition and – if confirmed – will come at the cost of losing European industrial capacity and European jobs. “Ultimately, Europe will remain without its integrated textiles ecosystem, as we know it today, and no mean to translate into reality the EU textiles strategy, for more sustainable and circular textiles products,” the statement said.

Sustainable-plastics - Nonwovens

-Researchers propose new technology for aviation materials to allow for adjusting their properties

Russian scientists have proposed a technology for a lightweight and durable composite material creation. It is based on a polymer matrix and carbon fibers. Such material can be used in aircraft construction to create elements of a power set and hull structures. The developed composite can be easily recycled or disposed of, which makes it more environmentally friendly than its analogs. Sustainable-plastics – Nonwovens

The study has been published in Polymers.

Carbon fiber is a unique material consisting almost entirely of carbon atoms. Its high mechanical strength at low weight, resistance to high temperatures and excellent corrosion resistance ensured its wide application in such high-tech industries as rocketry, aviation, construction, and medicine. Carbon fiber reinforced composite materials are particularly in demand in the aircraft industry. Parts and structures made of them reduce the final weight of the aircraft, and therefore fuel consumption, thereby reducing the cost of the aircraft operation and environmental impact. However, most of today’s carbon fiber composites are based on epoxy resin and other non-melting, insoluble materials that are not recyclable.

Scientists from MISIS University have created a new composite material based on engineering thermoplastic polymers and carbon fiber, which effectively retains its performance properties in aggressive environments, such as aviation fuel, while being easily recyclable. Sustainable-plastics – Nonwovens-sector

As a reinforcing material, the Russian-made carbon fiber has been used. For the first time, polyethersulfone powder was used for the matrix production instead of the conventional epoxy resin. It is an amorphous thermoplastic polymer with excellent mechanical properties and resistant to high temperatures, steam and various chemicals. It is also important that polyethersulfone is recyclable, unlike epoxy.

Researchers propose new technology for aviation materials to allow for adjusting their properties

Sustainable-plastics – Nonwovens

High-performance polymers – TiO2 21-09-2022

High-performance polymers – TiO2 21-09-2022

high-performance polymers

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-DSM Engineering Materials Invests in Sustainability at Evansville Plant

Plant expansion and optimization will enable energy-efficient production of high-performance sustainable plastics.

DSM Engineering Materials has officially opened its newly upgraded and expanded Evansville, IN, compounding facility. The investment, which has resulted in significant technology- and sustainability-focused improvements, will help DSM Engineering Materials meet growing demand for next-generation high-performance polymers used in a range of applications and will help drive the shift to a low-carbon, circular economy.

The 40,000-square-foot facility now integrates the latest state-of-the-art production technologies and runs on 100% purchased renewable electricity. The investment will help to meet long-term increased regional demand for high-performance polyamide, polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), and other advanced materials, such as Akulon PA6/PA66, Arnite PET/PBT, Arnitel TPC, EcoPaXX PA410, ForTii PA4T/PPA and Stanyl PA46. Arnitel TPC is a high-performance thermoplastic copolyester.

The extensive enhancement and expansion of the site is being driven by increasing customer demand for advanced material solutions for vehicle electrification and supporting infrastructure, along with lightweighting technologies in multiple industries.

Enhancements to increase DSM’s capability to produce more sustainable bio-based and recyclate-based materials were also a key consideration when planning the project. The company has made a global commitment to produce bio-based and recyclate-based alternatives for its entire materials portfolio by 2030.

In addition to the transition to 100% renewable electricity, the project includes a number of advanced energy-saving features. The well-insulated structure is ventilated for optimal occupant health and comfort, while emissions are scrubbed to meet stringent environmental and safety standards.  high-performance polymers

Cooling is conducted with environment-friendly, non-flammable refrigerant. Variable-speed drives are used on all compounding lines to reduce energy consumption, and optimized facility controls lead to further energy reductions.

“Our investment in the latest production equipment has reduced energy consumption in Evansville and lowered our environmental impact. Through this project, we also aim to strengthen our business partnerships by continuing to invest in key areas of sustainable growth,” said Roeland Polet, President of DSM Engineering Materials. “Additionally, this investment reinforces our focus on North America as a key growth market for our business.”

DSM Engineering Materials Invests in Sustainability at Evansville Plant

-Polestar Wants To Build A Truly Climate-Neutral Car

Polestar enlisted 12 new partners, some of whom are focused on developing climate-neutral plastics and composites, for its “moonshot.”

Polestar, the Swedish electric performance car company, is accelerating work to eliminate greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions by welcoming 12 new partners to the Polestar 0 project. They share a commitment in achieving the company’s moonshot goal of producing a truly climate-neutral car by 2030 without making use of carbon offsets.

The new and existing partners will focus on certain materials, components, and processes involved in car production. New partners cover areas such as plastics, composites, chemicals, and metals.

Transportation is the fastest-growing GHG-emitting sector, expected to reach a share of more than 30% of total GHG emissions in the future, according to the United Nation’s Environment Programme. Polestar and its partners collectively hope to decarbonize the complete supply chain and manufacturing process.

“The real potential of electric cars will be fulfilled when we, as an industry, can say goodbye not just to tailpipe emissions, but production-related emissions, as well,” said Thomas Ingenlath, Polestar CEO. “We made a bold commitment 18 months ago when we launched the Polestar 0 project, and these strong partnerships show the steady progress toward our goal.”  high-performance polymers

Hans Pehrson, leader of the Polestar 0 project and former head of R&D at Polestar, added: “Our new partners will help develop solutions that don’t currently exist, and they embrace the challenge of finding new technologies. The next five years will be critical, and we need partners that will engage with the Polestar 0 project to ensure its success. We will also see spin-off effects across various industries when we address the challenges in the automotive sector with innovation and the development of climate-neutral supply chains throughout a wide array of base industries.”

Polestar Wants To Build A Truly Climate-Neutral Car

-Tosaf develops new white masterbatch without TiO2

At K2022 in Düsseldorf, Tosaf will present a series of new white masterbatches with excellent properties in terms of whiteness, colour strength and opacity, which do not contain titanium dioxide (TiO2). The company is thus responding to an increasing number of customers inquiries, since regular white pigment is suspected of being carcinogenic when inhaled in powder form, and because the EU has banned it as a food colourant (E171). Although this decision by the EU does not yet ban the use of titanium dioxide as a pigment in polymers that come into contact with food, there is a growing demand among manufacturers of hard and soft packaging for the food industry, as well as parts of the toys and cosmetics industries, to move to TiO2-free masterbatches in the future.

Such masterbatches have now been developed by Tosaf as cylindrical as well as spherical granules.  high-performance polymers

They are the result of a study initiated by Tosaf Benelux R&D on ways to find alternatives for the white colouring of plastics. Although their formulation does not contain unbound titanium dioxide, their opacity as well as their colour strength is on the same high level as that of standard TiO2 masterbatches at equal let down rate. The colour shade itself can be adjusted from yellowish to neutral to bluish. As this applies regardless of the carrier system, Tosaf’s new patent-pending white masterbatches are compatible with any host polymer. The low abrasiveness allows for long tool life, and no plate-out occurs when processed on two-roll systems.

Tosaf develops new white masterbatch without TiO2

-BASF to Purchase Pyrolysis Oil Produced From Waste Plastics

Agreement with Arcus Greencycling GMBH anticipates a volume of 100,000 ton/yr.

In a joint news release, BASF and ARCUS Greencycling announced an agreement for the procurement of pyrolysis oil from the ARCUS plant in Germany.

ARCUS produces pyrolysis oil from mixed plastic waste by heating it rapidly to high temperatures at which the materials depolymerize. BASF plans to use the oil in its production network at Ludwigshafen to create new products, displacing raw material from fossil fuels.  high-performance polymers

The agreement represents an expansion of BASF’s existing business in recycled materials, which includes PLA and EPS. The company calls the materials “Ccycled” to indicate their production from chemically recycled raw materials. In 2020, BASF customers launched packaging products manufactured from Ccycled materials.

The ARCUS pyrolysis demonstration unit in Frankfurt is the first commercial-scale system of its kind. With a guaranteed buyer for the oil in place, ARCUS plans to scale up production to 100,000 ton/yr.

high-performance polymers

-EU proposals aimed at tackling energy crisis lack in ambition: EURATEX

The European Apparel and Textile Confederation (EURATEX) recently said the European Union (EU) proposals aimed at tackling the dramatic energy crisis that Europe is facing lacks in ambition and, if confirmed, will come at the cost of losing industrial capacity and jobs in Europe. Ultimately, Europe will remain without its integrated textiles ecosystem, it said. high-performance polymers

There will be no means to translate into reality the EU textiles strategy for more sustainable and circular textiles products, EURATEX said in a press release recently.

When gas wholesale prices reached the record level of €340/MWh in August, triggering sky-high electricity prices, the European textiles industry called on the EU to adopt a wholesale price cap for gas, the revision of the merit-order principle in the electricity market, support small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and a single European strategy.

On September 14, on the occasion of the State of the Union address by President Ursula Von der Leyen, the European Commission announced initiatives aimed at tackling the energy crisis.

“We understand a very high price cap has been so far discussed among Ministries and that is not reassuring for companies across Europe: if any cap is, as expected, above 100/MWh, these businesses will collapse,” the federation said.

EURATEX has, however, welcomed the proposals by the Commission to change the title transfer facility (TTF) benchmark parameters and decouple the TTF from the electricity market and the revision of the merit-order principle for the electricity market, which is no longer serving the purpose it was designed for.

It also welcomed the proposal to amend the state-aid framework that, in EURATEX’s view, should include the textiles finishing, the textiles services and the non-woven sectors as well as a simplification of the application requirements. The federation called for a uniform implementation across the EU.

Already in March this year, with EU gas wholesale prices at €200/MWh, the business case for keeping textiles production was no longer there, EURATEX said. To date, natural gas wholesale prices have reached the level of €340/MWh, more than 15 times higher compared to 2021 levels. high-performance polymers

As many businesses now have suspended production processes to avoid the loss of tens of thousands of euros every day, EURATEX hoped this will not become the new normal, and to reduce the likelihood of such a scenario, it called on the Commission, the EU Council and the Parliament to ‘swiftly adopt decisive, impactful and concrete actions’ to tackle the energy crisis and ensure the survival of the European industry.

The EU textiles companies are mainly SMEs that do not have the financial structure to absorb such a shock.  In contrast with such reality in Europe, the wholesale price of gas in the US and China is €10/MWh, whereas in Turkey the price is €25/MWh.

If the EU does not act, international competitors will easily replace EU companies in the market, resulting in the de-industrialisation of Europe and a worsened reliance on foreign imports of essential products, EURATEX cautioned.

high-performance polymers

-AST Group counts on Lindner plastics recycling facility to process HDPE plastics

Since 2018, the AST Group, a producer of HDPE plastic containers and drums, has been cleaning and reconditioning used containers to ensure a longer service life for its products. Since 2021, the loop has been closed by another piece – a plastics recycling facility (PRF) from Lindner has been processing post-consumer containers, which are then used to produce new drums and containers. As these products are also destined for the hazardous and foods industries, high-quality recyclate is crucial as are optimally coordinated recycling processes.  high-performance polymers

Circular economy, the Green Deal, recycling quotas, resource conservation, energy efficiency, sustainability – these are the words heard every day in the recycling industry. After all, the industry is about responsibly managing our environment and its resources as well as the associated effort to retain materials in the economic system at the highest quality and for as long as possible. As a production company, the focus is on product design, durability, recyclability, and, in particular in the plastics processing industry, the quality of the recyclate used to manufacture the end product.

AST Group focuses on the circular economy

The AST Group has been focusing on the circular economy and recycling for some time. From the beginning, the focus was on creating the ideal production loop that would make it possible to increase the recyclate quota for the company’s own products and also use the products made of recyclate in the hazardous and food industries. A short while later, the first centre of competence for plastics was established and a complete plastics recycling line was installed to process post-industrial and post-consumer HDPE (high-density polyethylene). This solution not only helps contribute to the circular economy, it also ensures the internal supply of raw materials.

Energy efficiency and quality

When it came to the recycling facility, the decision was made in favour of Lindner. “It was important to us that the facility could process all kinds of materials, from hollow objects to regrind,” explains Hauke Grabau, Head of the Recycling Division at AST Kunststoffverarbeitung GmbH. “When designing the facility, we focused closely on energy-efficient technology that conserves resources. Shredders, mills, various washing steps – including the hot-wash system, which we can switch on depending on the required intensity – are perfectly matched to our requirements.” high-performance polymers

high-performance polymers

-MEGlobal nominates ACP for September at USD800 per tonne

MEGlobal announced that its Asian Contract Price (ACP) for monoethylene glycol (MEG) will be USD800/MT CFR Asian main ports for arrival September 2022, said the company.

The September 2022 ACP reflects the short term supply/demand situation in the Asian market.  high-performance polymers

We remind, MEGlobal announced that its Asian Contract Price (ACP) for monoethylene glycol (MEG) will be USD820/MT CFR Asian main ports for arrival August 2022. The August 2022 ACP reflects the short term supply/demand situation in the Asian market.

MEGlobal is a fully integrated supplier of monoethylene glycol (MEG) and diethylene glycol (DEG), collectively known as ethylene glycol (EG).

high-performance polymers

-Advent International and LANXESS announce Calum MacLean as CEO-designate for upcoming high-performance engineering materials JV

Calum MacLean brings a wealth of experience from over 30 years in the chemicals industry, most recently as CEO of Synthomer, a UK FTSE 250 specialty chemical company, and prior to that as an executive director and member of the founding management team of INEOS Group

The British chemicals manager Calum MacLean is to become CEO of the envisaged joint venture for high-performance engineering materials which Advent International (Advent) and LANXESS are planning to form. Advent International, one of the largest and most experienced global private equity investors with a well-established track record in chemicals, and LANXESS, a global specialty chemical company, announced today that MacLean is designated to take over the position as the CEO for the envisaged company upon closing of the transaction. high-performance polymers

MacLean brings extensive global CEO experience in petrochemicals, polymers and specialty chemicals from his time with INEOS and most recently as CEO of Synthomer. During his 17 years at INEOS, MacLean established and integrated two highly successful joint ventures in chemicals (Styrolution) and refining (PetroIneos), and therefore brings highly relevant experience in integrating and consolidating multinational blue chip chemical businesses. Due to his background, MacLean is the ideal candidate to lead the envisaged merger of equals following the ‘best-of-both-worlds’ principle and the ambition to preserve the rich heritage of both businesses. He is currently a non-executive board director of SABIC and has recently stepped down as a non-executive board director of Clariant.

Ronald Ayles, Managing Partner at Advent, said, “We are very happy that Calum has accepted the designated CEO role in this strategic investment and are convinced that his highly relevant experience at both INEOS and Synthomer will be invaluable during the integration and subsequent growth of the engineering materials business. We look forward to working with him and the future executive management team on this exciting venture.”

Matthias Zachert, CEO of LANXESS, added, “Calum is a highly regarded executive with a strong reputation in both the chemical industry and financial markets, and I am convinced that he has the right expertise and skill base to lead the joint venture, once it has been established in the first half of next year. LANXESS and Advent will support Calum during the integration phase as the joint venture establishes itself as a strong global player in this highly attractive market, following merger clearances.”

The joint venture will benefit from the strong long-term partnership between Advent and LANXESS, as well as from their vast experience and common understanding of establishing and growing a highly innovative engineering materials business. The new company is expected to have sales of around EUR 3 billion and to be one of the leading suppliers to the attractive and growing automotive, electronics, electrical and consumer goods segments, with a particular focus on environmentally friendly and sustainable products. The highly complementary combination both in terms of regional footprint and product range will bring together well-invested assets, skilled employees with a strong cultural fit, and a comprehensive innovation pipeline, therefore creating a strong foundation for sustainable long-term growth.

Calum MacLean, the CEO-designate of the joint venture, said, “I am truly excited by the challenge and opportunity to lead the merger of equals of two highly successful and complementary businesses with rich heritages from DSM and LANXESS. The combination will create a truly global engineering materials business and an exciting future for both employee teams and customers going forward.” high-performance polymers

Advent International and LANXESS announce Calum MacLean as CEO-designate for upcoming high-performance engineering materials JV

high-performance polymers

Plastic-Recycling – Cirular-Economy 20-09-2022

Plastic-Recycling – Cirular-Economy 20-09-2022

Plastic-Recycling – Cirular-Economy

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-EU Commission proposes to cut €7.5 billion funding to Hungary

Citing worries over corruption in Hungary, the European Commission proposed on Sunday (18 September) to suspend one-third of the cohesion funds allocated to the country if its reform efforts remain insufficient in the coming two months.

In a meeting on Sunday morning, the EU executive proposed suspending €7.5 billion in EU funding for Budapest, or about a third of the total amount of cohesion funds that Hungary is allocated until 2027.

The suspension is focused on programmes that are heavy on public procurement and therefore most vulnerable to corruption. Moreover, the Commission will demand that EU programmes like Horizon Europe should not commit any money to Hungarian public interest trusts.

“Today’s decision is a clear demonstration of the Commission’s resolve to protect the EU budget, and to use all tools at our disposal to ensure this important objective,” the EU’s Budget Commissioner Johannes Hahn said in a statement.

The conditionality mechanism shows its teeth

The Commission acted on the basis of the conditionality mechanism that has been part of the EU’s budget rules since January 2021. It allows the EU to suspend payments to member states in cases where breaches of rule of law principles risk affecting the EU’s financial interests. Plastic-Recycling – Cirular-Economy

Worried about Hungary’s slide towards autocracy under Prime Minister Viktor Orbán, the European Parliament has long pushed the Commission to trigger the conditionality mechanism, which the EU executive did in April.

It also notified the Hungarian government of its concerns, but in its reply, Budapest denied the corruption allegations and offered no measures to remedy the situation.

That is why the Commission sent another letter to the Hungarian government in July to inform it of the measures it intended to propose.

“That seems to have focused the minds in Budapest,” an EU official said.

Over the summer, the Hungarian government came forward with a set of 17 measures in a bid to dissipate the Commission’s concerns, for example, the establishment of an independent “Integrity Authority” and an anti-corruption task force that would involve civil society.

Plastic-Recycling - Cirular-Economy

-Lenzing also switches to green electricity at its Chinese site

  • Gradual transition to green electricity will significantly reduce annual carbon emissions
  • Milestone in the transformation of production capacities to TENCEL™ branded modal fibers

Nanjing – The Lenzing Group, a world-leading provider of wood-based specialty fibers, is continuing to expand its global clean electricity portfolio by gradually transitioning to green energy at its production site in Nanjing. This will enable its Chinese subsidiary Lenzing Nanjing Fibers to use electricity derived solely from renewable sources from 2023 onwards and reduce the site’s carbon emissions by 100,000 tonnes annually. Lenzing only recently announced the transition to green electricity at its Indonesian production facility.

In 2019, Lenzing became the first fiber producer to set a target of halving its carbon emissions by 2030 and becoming climate neutral by 2050. This carbon reduction target has been recognized by the Science Based Targets Initiative. In Nanjing, Lenzing is currently investing in cutting its carbon emissions and converting a standard viscose production line to 35,000 tonnes of TENCEL™ branded modal fibers. Thanks to this move, the Chinese site will exclusively produce eco-friendly specialty fibers.

“Demand for our wood-based, biodegradable specialty fibers is constantly rising. We see enormous growth potential, especially in Asia. Thanks to our investments in China and other Lenzing sites around the world, we will be better positioned to meet this growing demand in future. At the same time, we are continuing to make considerable progress towards achieving a carbon-free future and becoming a champion of circularity,” comments Robert van de Kerkhof, Chief Commercial Officer for Fiber at Lenzing.

Boosting growth in specialty fibers

Man-made climate change is one of the most pressing problems of our time. The fashion industry has an extremely negative impact on the environment due to its fast fashion business model and the growing consumption of fossil resources in textile production. Lenzing’s sustainably produced specialty fibers under the TENCEL™ brand help its customers, especially brands and retailers, to reduce their global footprint immensely.

Specialty fibers are Lenzing’s key strength. The company aims to generate more than 75 percent of its fiber revenue from the wood-based, biodegradable specialty fibers business under the TENCEL™, LENZING™, ECOVERO™ and VEOCEL™ brands by 2024. With the launch of the lyocell plant in Thailand in March 2022 and the investments in existing production sites in China and Indonesia, the share of specialty fibers in Lenzing’s fiber revenue is set to exceed the 75 percent target by a significant margin as early as 2023.

Lenzing also switches to green electricity at its Chinese site

-Oil Industry Pioneer Starts Strategic Review to End Refining in Finland

Neste Oyj, Finland’s only oil refiner, has begun studying how it will end the processing of crude in the Nordic country by the middle of the next decade.

The world’s biggest maker of renewable diesel said its refinery in Porvoo, which already makes biofuels, would undergo a transformation starting with the co-processing of both renewable and circular feedstock, according to a statement. A spokeswoman contacted by Bloomberg News verified the statement.

The transition could continue with retrofits of existing units at a later stage and the targeted transformation would lead to a discontinuation of crude oil refining in Porvoo in the mid-2030s, the company said. It will also continue to actively study opportunities of green hydrogen at the site.

Neste is seen as somewhat of a pioneer in the oil industry having made its first investment in renewable diesel — a product made entirely from renewable raw materials — as early as 2005. After initially being unprofitable, the product overtook traditional oil products as the company’s main profit driver in 2018. The refiner is also processing sustainable aviation fuel from waste and makes renewable polymers and chemicals.

Oil Industry Pioneer Starts Strategic Review to End Refining in Finland

-the family car according to Ferrari

In the making for a very (very) long time at Ferrari, the very first four-door, four-seater car from the Italian brand was eagerly awaited. Very recently, it was within the Teatro del Silenzio located in Lajatico, in the province of Pisa, that the Italian manufacturer lifted the veil on its new creation: Purosangue. A family car that promises to combine increased space with the company’s famous performance.

Ferrari Purosangue, pur-sang italien

Side look, this new Ferrari Purosangue oscillates between the station wagon and the SUV, although the manufacturer does not use this name at any time. For Ferrari, the Purosangue is a vehicle derived from “of a new segment“, which is characterized in particular by rear-hinged passenger doors. According to Ferrari, this allows the passenger to get in and out of the car with ease without having to increase the size of the vehicle.

Under the hood is a 725bhp 6.5-litre V12 engine (without the slightest trace of electrification here), painstakingly tuned to give the driver seemingly endless power under his right foot, with a dual-clutch transmission at eight speeds and cylinder heads derived from the formidable 812 Competizione. Enough to go from 0 to 100 km/h in just 3.3 seconds, and from 0 to 200 km/h in a record time of 10.2 seconds.

Ferrari also promises a vehicle “durable“, since 85% of the car’s launch finishes were produced with this in mind. Plastic-Recycling – Cirular-Economy

Also, the fabric headlining is made from recycled polyester, the carpet is made from recycled polyamide from fishing nets recovered from the oceans and the newly formulated Alcantara is also made from recycled polyester.

On board, the driver’s compartment inspired by the SF90 Stradale remains in the DNA of the Ferrari sports car. Note that the front passenger can also enjoy a dedicated 10.2” screen displaying performance figures in real time. That of the driver of course displays the counters, as well as the duplication of the smartphone thanks to Android Auto or Apple CarPlay.

On the availability side, Ferrari will play the exclusivity card, with a Purosangue which will be produced in limited quantities, with the first deliveries scheduled for the second quarter of 2023. On the price side, this new SUV Ferrari vehicle should be displayed from €390,000.

Plastic-Recycling - Cirular-Economy

-Chemical Recycling of Plastics Waste – A Contribution to a Climate‐Neutral Circular Carbon Economy (Conference Paper)

Plastics Production and Plastics Waste Generation

Total Plastics Waste Development, Recycling  and Recovery in Germany

Recycling Processes for Mixed Plastics Waste  and Key Products

Examples of Plastics Waste Produced  Plastic-Recycling – Cirular-Economy

Pyrolysis Mass Balance – Pyrolysis Carbon Recovery – Pyrolysis Energy Balance – Upgrading of Pyrolysis Products to Secondary Petrochemical Feedstock –

Pyrolysis Oil Characterization* and Hydrotreatment –  Case: Recycling of Light Weight Packaging Waste

Plastic-Recycling - Cirular-Economy

Plastic-Recycling - Cirular-Economy

-What is the current situation of recycled plastic in Europe?

Although the volume of plastic recycling in Europe has improved, initiatives are being developed to increase the weight of recycled plastic.

According to Eurostat, each European generates an average of 34 kilos of plastic packaging waste per year, of which around 14 kilos is recycled. Over the last decade, the volume of plastic packaging waste generated per inhabitant increased by 24%, while the recycling rate of plastic packaging waste grew by almost 50%.

However, there is considerable room for improvement in areas such as the collection of plastic waste, its arrival at recycling plants and the quality of some virgin plastic packaging, which prevents it from being reused or makes the recycling process more costly and complicated.  Plastic-Recycling – Cirular-Economy

Initiatives that have been launched

For about a decade, the European Union (EU) has been strongly committed to favoring a circular economy. In the particular case of plastic, in 2015, the European Parliament approved the restriction of disposable plastic bags. Later, in 2018, the European Commission presented a proposal to tackle the amount of plastic waste that ends up in the sea, focusing on specific measures to combat single-use plastics.

Europe has been committed to circular economy for a decade by improving plastic recycling volume

A year later, in 2019, the European Green Pact called for 55% of plastic packaging waste to be recycled by 2030. In addition, other initiatives were developed, such as the introduction of quality standards for secondary plastics or the design of mandatory rules on the minimum recycled content of certain products. In parallel, the Commission has been issuing various standards in recent years aimed at reducing the volume of microplastics on the market.

How is plastic recycling done?

In Europe, the main recycled plastic material is PET thanks to its unique properties, which make it very attractive to many industries. These include its light weight, its transparency (which makes it ideal for consumer packaging, for example in the food sector), its high level of resistance and impermeability to microorganisms and liquids, its resistance to heat and abrasion, its great flexibility, and the fact that it is fully recyclable, in many cases indefinitely, and that it can be used for a wide range of applications.

Plastic-Recycling - Cirular-Economy

-Will spandex prices rebound amid soaring BDO?

BDO-PTMEG-Spandex prices hit periodical bottom in Sep. Price of BDO soars due to low supply and growing demand, up by near 3,000yuan/mt compared with the year low by Sep 15. PTMEG plants intend to raise price but price still shivers at low level. Sales of spandex accelerate supported by low operating rate and recovering demand. Supply of some spandex varieties becomes tight. Downstream demand for spandex is supported by the traditional peak season expectation. Plastic-Recycling – Cirular-Economy

Will prices of spandex rebound?

Firstly, the cash flow of spandex value chain shrinks to low level, and supply obviously contracts. Supply of BDO is low with intensive production curtailment and suspension during the turnaround season in Sep, while demand grows. BDO price is revised up to lower losses. Demand for PTMEG touches bottom and gradually recovers. Sales of PTMEG increase in Sep. Supply of PTMEG rises while is obviously low. Price of PTMEG edges up stably. The cash flow of spandex 40D apparently decreased in Jul and Aug with substantially reducing PTMEG price while the spot profit increases to positive territory when price of spandex declines slower. The operating rate of spandex plants has been ascended to above 60% from 50%, remaining low.

Secondly, demand improves and sales of spandex rise. Sep and Oct are traditional peak season for fabric and textiles market. Downstream buyers turn to purchase normally to cover 7-20 days of production from only buying on a need-to-basis. Some downstream plants have replenished 1-month of spandex. The operating rate of downstream plants is advancing, especially warp knitting super-soft fabrics and circular knitted fabric producers. Spandex producers see apparently increasing sales. Stocks of spandex have fallen to above 36 days, down by near 15 days from high level. The delivery of some warp knitted spandex 40D is tight and needs to queue. Supply of 30D is also tight in some plants while that of 15-20D keeps abundant. Plastic-Recycling – Cirular-Economy

The operating rate of spandex downstream fabric mills has continued rising since late-Aug, with that of circular knitting plants at 30-50% in Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Guangdong and Fujian and that of warp knitting mills up to 50-70%, even above 70% in Haining. The run rate of lace knitting plants also advances. Most downstream plants witness better domestic orders, mainly for the online shopping spree in Nov and Dec, which can mostly guarantee production until end-Sep. Export orders also slightly grow.

Will spandex prices rebound amid soaring BDO?

-Circular economy: new EU rules to allow use of recycled plastics in food packaging

Today, the Commission has adopted new rules on the safety of recycled plastic materials and articles intended to come into contact with food.

This Regulation will set clear rules to ensure that recycled plastic can be safely used in food packaging in the EU.

It will contribute to increasing the overall sustainability of the food system and achieving the objectives of the Circular Economy Action Plan. Executive Vice-President for the European Green Deal, Frans Timmermans, said: “To lower our dependency on primary raw materials and build a fully circular economy, we need to boost the market for recycled plastics and significantly reduce plastic waste in the food sector and beyond. Plastics are useful to preserve food, but their use has to be sustainable.

Today’s new rules enable food manufacturers to use more recycled plastics in food packaging. This is an important step towards safe and sustainable use of recycled plastics in the food sector.”  Plastic-Recycling – Cirular-Economy

Commissioner in charge of Health and Food safety, Stella Kyriakides, said: “The EU needs new rules to produce safe recycled plastics that can be trusted by food businesses and consumers. With around 50% of all plastic packaging in the EU used for food products, we need to ensure that this sector can transition towards a more sustainable food production safely and efficiently – using more recycled plastic is key to achieve this. Protecting our environment and the health of our citizens are two sides of the same coin, and our new rules will deliver on these objectives!” The Regulation makes it possible to authorise recycling processes for manufacturing safe recycled plastic materials for use in food packaging. It will also help the recycling industry establish suitable ways for recycling plastics that presently cannot be recycled into food packaging.

In addition, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) will have a clearer basis to evaluate the suitability of recycling technologies and the safety of the recycled plastic in food packaging manufactured with processes using these technologies.

The Regulation will allow granting individual authorisations for more than 200 mechanical PET (polyethylene terephthalate) recycling processes, which will help the industry to meet the binding 2025 target of 25% recycled plastic in PET beverage bottles.

In addition, the new Regulation will establish a public register of recycling processes, recyclers, and recycling installations under its scope, providing an increased level of transparency. Plastic-Recycling – Cirular-Economy

Circular economy: new EU rules to allow use of recycled plastics in food packaging

Plastic-Recycling – Cirular-Economy

PVA – Petrochemicals – Technologies 19-09-2022

PVA – Petrochemicals – Technologies 19-09-2022

PVA – Petrochemicals – Technologies

Nylon6 – Naphtha – Petrochemicals 

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Bioplastics International Creates World’s First Sugar Cane Alcohol Water Soluble PVA to Replace Plastics

Bioplastics International creates world’s first fossil fuel free sugar cane alcohol water soluble PVA to replace plastics, to save our oceans and planet

“No more confusion of the antiquated terms biodegradable, compostable, or bio based, the water soluble revolution has begun!”— Garrett ValentinoSCOTTSDALE, ARIZONA, USA, September 18, 2022 /EINPresswire.com/ — Our oceans have become the world’s largest landfill, accumulating more than 13 million tons of plastic annually, according to Bioplastics International1, an Arizona-based producer of the world’s first sugar cane alcohol water soluble PVA (Polyvinyl Alcohol) as well as many bio resins from plant starches. In an attempt to curb the overwhelming plastic pollution of our oceans, Bioplastics International has launched a fossil fuel free water soluble replacement for petroleum based plastics.

Garrett Valentino, CEO of Bioplastics International, said, “No more confusion of the antiquated terms biodegradable, compostable, or bio based, the water soluble revolution has begun!”

“Until now, all PVA has been made from fossil fuel natural gas. When fossil fuel carbon dioxide enters the ocean, it dissolves in saltwater.

First, it forms carbonic acid. Then, this carbonic acid breaks apart, producing bicarbonate ions and hydrogen ions. Ocean acidification results from an increased concentration of hydrogen ions and a reduction in carbonate ions due to the absorption of increased amounts of CO2. This results in the death of shellfish, corals, plankton, and other sea life. The pH levels of our oceans are lowered, and fish have a difficult time breathing.” Valentino said.PVA – Petrochemicals – Technologies

“Our PVA is made from sugar cane and alcohol, unlike all other PVA’s, which are made from fossil fuel natural gas,. it contains no plastic, no toxins, no heavy metals, no chemicals, and no bioplastic. It dissolves in water in minutes, leaving behind bio carbon dioxide through photosynthesis and water. It does not leave behind any microplastics or any residues, through crystallization, we can control the temperature when our sugar cane PVA will dissolve in any water, minutes, to months.” he affirmed.

He stressed that PVA is safe for human consumption, having been approved by the US FDA, and is currently used as a food additive and in the medical industry, in “advanced biomedical applications such as wound dressing, wound management, drug delivery systems, artificial organs, as well as a vital ingredient in the manufacture of paper and paint..” All this is due to its ability to retain water almost as well as natural cells, as well as its biocompatible, biodegradable, water soluble, and non-toxic behavior, elaborated Valentino

Furthermore, our sugar cane PVA is non-toxic to animals, claims Valentino, adding that it can be eaten by fish, birds, marine and land animals, and it will safely pass through their digestive systems.

The water-soluble, net zero carbon dioxide polymer can be mass produced in vast quantities and can be used for blown films, extrusion, or injection molding processes, virtually any product can be made from our sugar cane PVA. It is stronger and more durable than petroleum based plastic. Our current capacity is 180 tons per month, however this can be increased if needed, he said.

“The current ocean plastic pollution issue is beyond a serious one and must be immediately addressed. “We cannot ignore this, if nothing is done, by 2050 we will have more plastic in our oceans than fish. Approximately 70 % of the oxygen we breath comes from our oceans, and how do humans plan to survive?” said George Liu, Vice President of Bioplastics International.

“Our sugar cane PVA will become a movement, according to Valentino, due to increased public awareness over marine waste and destruction, consumer interest, and legislative regulations against polluting petroleum based plastics. Sugar cane PVA: is neither a fad nor a bioplastic, it is our future, the only way to stop the scourge of plastic pollution from destroying our planet. PVA – PVA – Petrochemicals – Technologies

Valentino stated that his company, which also produces polylactic acid (PLA) Bagasse, PBAT, and PBS, based products, has focused on manufacturing sugar cane PVA and products in order to help mitigate the problem of marine litter and destruction. We are environmentalists first. Our sugar cane PVA products will not contaminate the petroleum recycling stream, and can be rinsed down the sink drain, or hosed down in a parking lot.

Bioplastics International Creates World's First Sugar Cane Alcohol Water Soluble PVA to Replace Plastics

-Anellotech named winner of the PLASTICS’ 2022 Innovation in Bioplastics Award

Sustainable technology company Anellotech has been named  the 2022 recipient of the PLASTICS’ 2022 Innovation in Bioplastics Award. The announcement, made by Plastics Industry Association (PLASTICS) on 15 September, came as part of the annual, online #BioplasticsWeek awareness and education event.

Anellotech won the award in recognition of the development of the first PET – polyethylene terephthalate – bottle made entirely from loblolly pine and other biomass feedstocks.

The company’s bio-based PET offers an alternative to conventional, petroleum-based material, potentially lessening the industry’s reliance on petroleum and natural gas as feedstocks.PVA – Petrochemicals – Technologies

Anellotech has developed and patented technology called Bio-TCat that converts biomass into benzene, toluene and xylene (including paraxylene, used in making PET), which are chemically identical to their petroleum-based counterparts. The result is a product with 70% lower greenhouse gas emissions than petroleum-based PET.

According to Anellotech, their product will enable the plastics industry to use the same plastic materials used today while producing them from sustainable biomass resources, dramatically improving the sustainability of the plastics industry.

David Sudolsky, CEO of Anellotech, accepted the award on behalf of the employees of Anellotech, “We’re excited to join our Bio-TCat Process development partners, IFP Energies nouvelles and Axens, as well as our strategic partner Suntory, in creating new routes to sustainable plastics,” he said.

“PET is the most recycled plastic and enjoys a lower comparative carbon footprint than metals or glass in most applications,” said Patrick Krieger, Vice President of Sustainability at PLASTICS.

PVA - Petrochemicals - Technologies

-Experts Warn US Is Falling Behind China in Key Technologies

At a gathering of current and former U.S. officials and private-sector executives Friday in Washington, concern was rampant that the United States has fallen behind China in the development of several key technologies, and that it faces an uncertain future in which other countries could challenge its historic dominance in the development of cutting-edge communications and computing technology.

The gathering was convened by the Special Competitive Studies Project, an effort spearheaded by former Google CEO Eric Schmidt, the stated purpose of which is “to ensure that America is positioned and organized to win the techno-economic competition between now and 2030, the critical window for shaping the future.”

Among attendees, the prevailing sentiment was that the nation’s ability to actually win that competition was under threat.PVA – Petrochemicals – Technologies

Dire predictions

A few days before the summit, the SCSP issued a report predicting what would happen if China became the global technological leader.

“Understanding the stakes requires imagining a world in which an authoritarian state controls the digital infrastructure, enjoys the dominant position in the world’s technology platforms, controls the means of production for critical technologies, and harnesses a new wave of general purpose technologies, like biotech and new energy technologies, to transform its society, economy and military,” the report said.

The report envisions a future where China, not the U.S., captures the trillions of dollars of income generated by the new technological advances and uses its leverage to make the case that autocracy, not democracy, is the superior form of government.

In the report’s grim vision, China promotes the concept of a “sovereign” internet, where individual countries limit the flow of information to their people, and where China develops and possibly controls the key technology supporting critical infrastructure in countries around the world.

Finally, the report warns that under such a scenario, the U.S. military would lose its technological lead over China and other competitors, and China might be in a position to cut off the supply of “microelectronics and other critical technology inputs.”

‘Nothing is inevitable’

In an address to the summit, White House national security adviser Jake Sullivan appeared to agree that the nation faces significant challenges in keeping pace with China in the development of new technology.

“We know that nothing is inevitable about maintaining America’s core strength and competitive advantage in the world,” Sullivan said. “And we know that it has to be renewed, revitalized and stewarded, and that is especially true when it comes to U.S. technological leadership.”

In China, he said, “we’re facing a competitor that is determined to overtake U.S. technology leadership and is willing to devote nearly limitless resources to do so.”

PVA - Petrochemicals - Technologies

-ALPLA and PTT GLOBAL CHEMICAL realise THAILAND’S largest plastics recycling plant equipped with state-of-the-art technology

Following 18 months of construction and installation, the ALPLA Group and PTT Global Chemical are opening the state-of-the-art ENVICCO recycling plant in Thailand. With an annual production capacity of 45,000 tonnes of recycled PET and HDPE, it is one of the largest recycling plants for these plastics in Asia. With this plant, the two companies will strengthen the region’s circular economy and supply the growing markets with high-quality recycled material.PVA – Petrochemicals – Technologies

Thirty thousand tonnes of recycled, food-grade PET and 15,000 tonnes of recycled HDPE – the packaging and recycling specialist ALPLA and the chemical company PTT Global Chemical (GC) have realised Thailand’s largest plastics recycling plant of its kind. After around 18 months of construction, production is set to start at the ENVICCO joint venture. Located in an economic zone on the coast of the south-eastern province of Rayong, the plant is equipped with the latest recycling technology and production lines to manufacture high-quality plastic recyclates with approval from the USFDA.

‘Built in record time thanks to the excellent collaboration with GC, this highly modern plant is an important part of our recycling activities in Asia,’ said ALPLA Chairman Günther Lehner during the grand opening on 13 September. The opening was also attended, among others, by Kongkrapan Intarajang (Chief Executive Officer and President, GC), Dietmar Marin (ALPLA Managing Director Recycling) and Bernd Wachter (ALPLA Corporate Director Circular Economy & Recycling Asia).

‘Demand for recycled, sustainable packaging materials is rising sharply in Southeast Asia, and high-quality plastics have a key role to play here. With this new plant, we are now applying our many years of expertise in the treatment and processing of packaging made from post-consumer recycled resins in Thailand,’ explains Bernd Wachter. ‘This joint venture is a truly circular, eco-friendly project creating a comprehensive value chain for plastics in Thailand and is an excellent example of the worldwide use of Austrian green tech know-how,’ adds Georg Weingartner, the Austrian Commercial Counsellor in Bangkok.

Successful partnership

ALPLA contributes more than 25 years of recycling experience to the joint venture. It will supply its production facilities in Asia with recycled material and is also fostering the circular economy at the local level. With the plant, majority shareholder GC supports sustainable development in the region, moving it towards resource-conserving business and lifestyles.

‘Today, GC is proud to reveal that ENVICCO is ready for commercial operation. Used plastics within the Kingdom of Thailand will make up 100% of the raw materials processed by ENVICCO’s cutting-edge production technologies to transform used plastics into valuable products,’ says Kongkrapan Intarajang. ‘The ENVICCO production plant is part of our long-term circular economy strategy to fully realize GC’s value chain. It also has the added benefit of creating jobs within the community while simultaneously aligning with the Thai government’s Bio-Circular-Green Economy Model.’ The ENVICCO team will comprise approximately 180 employees at the start of production.

Significant expansion potential

The 30,000-square-metre plant is on a plot of land measuring a good 90,000 square metres at the Map Ta Phut Industrial Estate. There is, therefore, also space for future capacity expansions. ‘We have long-term plans to promote the bottle-to-bottle cycle not only here in Thailand, but across Asia and other regions around the world. Carbon emissions and waste can be reduced through optimised resource consumption,’ emphasises Dietmar Marin. PVA – Petrochemicals – Technologies

Global expansion of recycling activities

In early 2021, the ALPLA Group announced that it would invest an average of 50 million euros a year until 2025 in the ongoing expansion of its recycling activities. In particular, it plans to globalise its activities in the area of high-quality recyclates to close the materials cycle in as many regions as possible. In total, the annual production capacity of ALPLA’s recycling companies and cooperations around the world amounts to approximately 203,000 tonnes of rPET (recycled PET) and 74,000 tonnes of rHDPE (recycled HDPE).

ALPLA and PTT GLOBAL CHEMICAL realise THAILAND'S largest plastics recycling plant equipped with state-of-the-art technology

-Toray Expanding Airlite™ Automotive Interior Sound Acoustic Insulation Business in Europe

Toray Industries, Inc., announced today that subsidiaries Toray Textiles Central Europe s.r.o. (TTCE) and Toray Advanced Materials Korea Inc. (TAK) have set up new facilities in the Czech Republic to expand the Airlite™ automotive interior sound acoustic Insulation business in Europe. This material enhances passenger comfort by suppressing noise from driving, vibrations, and from outside vehicles. This new facility at TTCE’s facility in the Czech Republic will go on line in October this year, with an annual production capacity of 1,200 metric tons. PVA – Petrochemicals – Technologies

Europe has spearheaded efforts in the developed world to steadily tighten automotive noise regulations, including for internal combustion engine models. Demand should surge for electric vehicles in the next few years. These automobiles are essentially free of engine sounds, so drivers and passengers are more likely to notice road and tire noises. Quieter cabins feel more comfortable and luxurious. Markets for top-performance sound absorbing materials should thus continue to grow. Moreover, as the growth of the Urban Air Mobility (UAM) industry using propellers is expected in the future, the lightweight sound-absorbing application field will be further expanded.

Airlite™ is a melt-blown non-woven sound-absorbing material made of lightweight polypropylene and polyester. Melt-blowing extrudes melted polymers through nozzles and sprays them to form a nonwoven fleece. Airlite™ delivers exceptional sound absorption across a broad frequency range. It is lighter than conventional counterparts, thereby reducing energy consumption from driving.

The new Airlite™ facilities will complement TTCE’s airbag fabric operations, helping it to expand its automotive materials business. TAK looks to leverage the new facilities to bolster its automotive interior sound-absorbing materials business in Europe and step up efforts to serve automakers and leading parts manufacturers as Europe’s electric vehicle market grows.

Toray will develop products incorporating recycled materials and other eco-friendly offerings to add value and match customer needs. It will collaborate with customers in its drive to reduce environmental impact and materialize a sustainable economy, transforming societies in keeping with its commitment to innovating ideas, technologies, and products that deliver new value.

Under the Toray Group Sustainability Vision, the company aims to leverage its innovative technologies and advanced materials in creating solutions that are essential for the international community to overcome the challenges of pursuing sustainable development.

Toray Expanding Airlite™ Automotive Interior Sound Acoustic Insulation Business in Europe

Completed the acquisition of the Engineering Plastics business of the Indian company Ester Industrie, together with laboratories and the Estoplast brand.
With an investment of almost 35 million euros, RadiciGroup has recently completed the acquisition of the Engineering Plastics activities of the Indian company Ester Industrie, an operation announced in May (read article), thus strengthening its presence in the country, which dates back to 2006. .
The plant in Halol (Gujarat), in the Northwest of India, nearing completion, equipped with lines for compounding and R&D laboratories, incorporated in the High Performance Polymers division together with contracts with customers and suppliers and the Estoplast brand, under which technopolymers used mainly in the electrical / electronic and telecommunications markets are marketed. Once it comes into operation at the beginning of next year, the new plant will allow RadiciGroup to achieve a turnover for the Indian market of over 50 million euros.PVA – Petrochemicals – Technologies
In the 2021 financial year, RadiciGroup had a turnover of 1,508 million euros, EBITDA reached 268 million euros, while net profit was 150 million euros.
Ester Industries will be dedicated to the production of packaging films, where it has a capacity of 57,000 t / y of polyester film, 30% exported abroad, as well as 67,000 tons of polyester resin per year.
RadiciGroup acquires a plant in India

-VIVA Textiles the Name of Quality and Sustainability in the Textile Industry Operating from China

VIVA TEXTILE is the market leading exporter of embroidered fabric and digital printing. VIVA TEXTILE is operating from the world’s no 1. exporter country China. VIVA TEXTILE has a vast experience of 12 years, working in the textile industry sector. During this long journey of more than a decade VIVA TEXTILE has shown a recommendable progress and delivered numerous successful projects and is still on the way to growing its market occupancy. Closely working with well-known fashion brands making VIVA TEXTILE more competent and trustworthy exporter of embroidered fabric and customised digital printing designer all over the world including China, USA, Paris, Europe and many other regions of the world. PVA – Petrochemicals – Technologies

VIVA TEXTILE has set up its own product standards, quality benchmark, working style and understanding of beauty. VIVA TEXTILE has a well-recognized and skillful professional team of fashion designers and wholesales all over the world. VIVA TEXTILE identifies for providing high quality, fashionable designs in very affordable market leading, competitive prices.

PVA - Petrochemicals - Technologies

PVA – Petrochemicals – Technologies

Polymers-moisture-measures – PET 17-09-2022

Nylon6 – Naphtha – Petrochemicals 19-09-2022

Nylon6 – Naphtha – Petrochemicals

Nylon6 - Naphtha - Petrochemicals

ITEM 13/09/2022 19/09/2022 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 8,575 yuan/ton 8,400 yuan/ton -175
Bottle grade PET chips export market 1,075 $/ton 1,050 $/ton -25
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 7,175 yuan/ton 7,200 yuan/ton +25
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 7,325 yuan/ton 7,400 yuan/ton +75
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market

Nylon6 – Naphtha – Petrochemicals

6,710 yuan/ton 6,415 yuan/ton -295
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 880 $/ton 870 $/ton -10
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 4,475 yuan/ton 4,300 yuan/ton -175
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 552 $/ton 517 $/ton -35
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market 1,099 $/ton 1,065 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 1,079 $/ton 1,045 $/ton -34
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,106 $/ton 1,092 $/ton -14
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 8,100 yuan/ton 8,150 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,750 yuan/ton 7,750 yuan/ton
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 9,600 yuan/ton 9,650 yuan/ton +50
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F 9,150 yuan/ton 9,200 yuan/ton +50
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 8,625 yuan/ton 8,700 yuan/ton +75
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,850 yuan/ton 7,900 yuan/ton +50
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 12.600 yuan/ton 12,570 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,750 $/ton 1,750 $/ton
Nylon6 chips overseas  market 2,050 $/ton 2,030 $/ton -20
Nylon6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 13,800 yuan/ton 13,450 yuan/ton -350
Nylon6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market 13,750 yuan/ton 13,650 yuan/ton -100
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market

Nylon6 – Naphtha – Petrochemicals

23,200 yuan/ton 24,000 yuan/ton +800
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 16,100 yuan/ton 16,000 yuan/ton -100
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 18,250 yuan/ton 18,200 yuan/ton- -50
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  16,600 yuan/ton 16,650 yuan/ton +50
Spandex 20D  domestic  market 39,000 yuan/ton 39,000 yuan/ton
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 34,000 yuan/ton 34,000 yuan/ton
Spandex 40D  domestic  market 31,000 yuan/ton 31,000 yuan/ton
Adipic Acid domestic market 9,050 yuan/ton 9,600 yuan/ton +550
Benzene domestic market 8,830 yuan/ton 7,800 yuan/ton -1,030
Benzene overseas  market 910 $/ton 894 $/ton -16
Ethylene South East market 1,000 $/ton 960 $/ton -40
Ethylene NWE  798 $/ton 709 $/ton -89
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market 9,800 yuan/ton 9,800 yuan/ton
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market

Nylon6 – Naphtha – Petrochemicals

1,500 $/ton 1,500 $/tn
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 17,800 yuan/ton 17,800 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 13,880 yuan/ton 13,750 yuan/ton -130
PP Powder domestic market
7,720 yuan/ton 7,620 yuan/ton -100
Naphtha overseas market  654 $/ton 661 $/ton
Phenol domestic market 10,220 yuan/ton 10,620 yuan/ton +400

Nylon6 – Naphtha – Petrochemicals

Recycling – Polymer – Packaging 17-09-2022

Recycling – Polymer – Packaging

-Siemens and Shell sign MoU to advance low-carbon, highly efficient energy solutions

Siemens Smart Infrastructure and Shell Global Solutions International BV have signed an MoU to collaborate on developing low-carbon and highly efficient energy solutions that support the energy transition, said Hydrocarbonprocessing.

The agreement will focus on projects that produce green hydrogen for industrial applications at Shell and its customers, as well as enhancing collaboration in the areas of biofuels and circular chemistry. Under the MoU, Siemens and Shell will create solutions that increase energy efficiency and generate sustainable power, consisting of, but not limited to, digitalization, efficient networks, and the production, distribution, and application of green hydrogen. The partnership, inked with Siemens’ Electrification and Automation business unit, has the potential to strengthen synergies for both parties. While Siemens intends to work with Shell to accelerate the latter’s transition towards net-zero operations, Shell seeks to supply Siemens and its affiliates with low carbon products that reduce emissions across the supply chain, in Siemens’ operations, and in the use phase of Siemens products, consisting of but not limited to supply of biofuels.

“Siemens is committed to decoupling electrification from fossil fuel resources. Partnerships are key to driving this effort and transitioning towards sustainable energy supplies,” said Stephan May, CEO of Electrification and Automation at Siemens Smart Infrastructure. “The partnership with Shell fits perfectly with Siemens’ vision of electrifying the world, while helping industry and infrastructure customers reduce their carbon footprint and achieve their sustainability goals.” Recycling – Polymer – Packaging

Siemens has been an electrical equipment – switchgears, pumps, transformers, electrical Scada – supplier to Shell for more than a decade. Over the past years, it has evolved into a collaborative solutions supplier, spanning the full range of its electrification and automation portfolio and further enhanced by Joint Industry Program 33 (JIP33) equipment standardization, a set of standardized industry procurement specifications for the oil and gas industry. Shell attaches great importance to the relationship with Siemens, which is paving the way to accelerating the energy transition.

“Deep collaboration with partners is essential for the delivery of low-carbon energy solutions for the future. Building on our existing relation with Siemens, I expect this MoU to enable our teams to work even closer together,” said Graham Henley, Senior Vice President Engineering & Project Capability at Shell. “Siemens’ broad range of expertise in electrification and automation, together with Shell’s engineering and project delivery capability and ambition in the energy transition will prove to be a powerful combination.”

The MoU stems from this relationship and from working together on several projects since 2010. One of the key milestones advancing green hydrogen is the recently announced construction of Shell’s Holland Hydrogen 1 (HH1) project on the Maasvlakte in Rotterdam. With a capacity of 200 megawatts and 60 tons of hydrogen per day, HH1 is planned to be one of the largest green hydrogen production plants in the world and the biggest in Europe. Siemens’ Electrification and Automation business plays an important role in the project’s planning, construction, and execution, as the power distribution and substation automation supplier.

It will also be involved in the operation of the plant, which is scheduled to go on-line in 2025, through a servicing contract. The plant will produce hydrogen using electricity generated by wind turbines in the North Sea.

Siemens and Shell have adopted a collaborative and agile way of working on this large project. Close consultation and decision-making on a daily basis have helped reduce development time – of the design of the power distribution system – by close to half, from 18 months to 9 months, as of the publication of this release.

Siemens and Shell sign MoU to advance low-carbon, highly efficient energy solutions

-Polish PKN Orlen is considering the possibility of building LDPE production in Plock

Poland’s PKN Orlen is considering building a high-pressure polyethylene (LDPE) production facility in Plock, the company said in a statement.

Production will be built in central Poland, where the main state-controlled Orlen petrochemical plant is located.

If the investment is realized, Orlen will expand its petrochemical portfolio with a new product, namely LDPE.

Earlier it was noted that LyondellBasell will provide PKN Orlen (Plock, Poland) with a license for its high-pressure polyethylene (LDPE) technology for the new plant. PKN Orlen’s planned LDPE plant with a capacity of 250 thousand tons per year will use LyondellBasell Lupotech T.

“According to global forecasts, the value of the petrochemicals and base polymers market is expected to double by 2030. That is why we are investing heavily in this area of our activities, effectively using the potential of the plant in Plock,” said Daniel Obaitek, CEO of Orlen.  Recycling – Polymer – PackagingT

According to him, Poland is the largest consumer of LDPE in Central Europe, and by 2025 it will account for almost 35% of consumption in the region.

Demand for LDPE in Poland and Central Europe is about 300,000 tonnes per year and almost 800,000 tonnes per year, respectively, with the latter figure expected to rise to 890,000 tonnes per year by 2025, he added.

According to Orlen, the production capacity of LDPE in Central Europe is currently 520 thousand tons per year.

According to the ScanPlast review, in January-June, polyethylene supplies to the Russian market (excluding exports to Belarus and Kazakhstan) amounted to 1,274.37 thousand tons, which is 13% more than a year earlier. The supply of all types of polyethylene has increased, including due to a reduction in exports.

Polish PKN Orlen is considering the possibility of building LDPE production in Plock

-New Material Is Capable of ‘Thinking’

Reconfigurable integrated circuits give a polymer material the ability to process sensory information and react to external stimuli similarly to humans.

Researchers have developed a material that can process certain types of external stimulation into “thought” similar to that of a human brain, they said.

Collaborators from Penn State and the U.S. Air Force—led by principal investigator and Professor of Mechanical Engineering Ryan Harne—developed the soft, polymer material, which functions using a reconfigurable alternative to integrated circuits that are key to processing information, they said. Integrated circuits can compute signals and information, which is scientists’ realization of information processing similar to the brain’s role in the human body, researchers said. Until now, integrated circuits primarily have been used to process data in silicon semiconductors, they added.  Recycling – Polymer – Packaging

Harne’s team has now used integrated circuits in a soft polymer material that acts like a brain that can receive and process digital strings of information, resulting in new sequences of digital information that can control reactions, Harne said.

“We have created the first example of an engineering material that can simultaneously sense, think, and act upon mechanical stress without requiring additional circuits to process such signals,” he said in a story posted to Penn State’s site.

Researchers have developed a material that can process certain types of external stimulation into “thought” similar to that of a human brain, they said.

Collaborators from Penn State and the U.S. Air Force—led by principal investigator and Professor of Mechanical Engineering Ryan Harne—developed the soft, polymer material, which functions using a reconfigurable alternative to integrated circuits that are key to processing information, they said. Integrated circuits can compute signals and information, which is scientists’ realization of information processing similar to the brain’s role in the human body, researchers said. Until now, integrated circuits primarily have been used to process data in silicon semiconductors, they added. Polymers-moisture-measures – PET

Harne’s team has now used integrated circuits in a soft polymer material that acts like a brain that can receive and process digital strings of information, resulting in new sequences of digital information that can control reactions, Harne said.

“We have created the first example of an engineering material that can simultaneously sense, think, and act upon mechanical stress without requiring additional circuits to process such signals,” he said in a story posted to Penn State’s site.

How the Material Works

Researchers built upon previous work to develop the novel material, which includes reconfigurable circuits that can realize combinational logic. The team had already developed a soft, mechanical metamaterial that can “think” about how forces are applied to it and respond using programmed materials, which was outlined in a paper in Nature Communications last year. That material, however, could only operate on binary input-output signals, not compute high-level logical operations, researchers said.

The new material goes much further in functionality thanks to the inclusion of reconfigurable circuits, they said. The circuits give it the ability to respond to external stimuli by translating the input into electrical information that is then processed to create output signals.  Recycling – Polymer – Packaging

For example, the material can use mechanical force to compute complex arithmetic or detect radio frequencies to communicate specific light signals, Harne said. These are just two of the many possibilities for the material given that integrated circuits can be programmed to perform numerous tasks, he said.

New Material Is Capable of ‘Thinking’

-Dow and Nexus to build recycling facility

Dow and Nexus Circular have signed a detailed letter of intent (LOI) for Dow to secure the production output of a newly constructed advanced recycling facility in Dallas, Texas.

The new facility will process and convert over 26,000 MTs annually of previously non-recycled plastic into circular feedstock that will be delivered back to Dow as a raw material to create new, recycled plastics for food-contact, health, hygiene, and fitness applications.

The LOI builds on Dow and Nexus Circular’s initial joint effort as the chosen advanced recycler for the Hefty EnergyBag program, launched in collaboration between Dow, Reynolds Consumer Products and others, to collect hard-to-recycle plastics at residential curbside to convert them into valued resources. The announcement marks an evolution of the companies’ deepening relationship, from converting hard-to-recycle plastics into energy, to now converting circular feedstock into actual plastic products, making the converted material truly circular.  Recycling – Polymer – Packaging

Nexus Circular uses a proprietary process and pyrolysis (high temperature decomposition) technology to transform waste plastics into high-quality circular feedstocks its partners use in the production of circular polymers. The company says it has optimized the technology to create a highly efficient, economic, commercial and scalable system for delivering cost-effective, high quality and environmentally friendly circular products for its partners and customers. In 2020, Nexus Circular was named a grant recipient of Dow’s Business Impact Fund for the development of pre-processing to incorporate post-consumer, hard-to-recycle plastics collected through the Hefty EnergyBag program in Cobb County, GA.

This current expansion of the Dow-Nexus collaboration into Dallas, among other locations, will result in the further collection and conversion of landfill-bound plastics into plastic products that will be used in consumer applications, in order to help close the used plastics loop.

“Expanding our past, scaled success with Nexus to drive production of high-quality circular feedstocks, the new facility in Dallas marks an important step in meeting unmet market demand for circular plastics in Texas and other markets,” said Manav Lahoti, Global Sustainability Director for Hydrocarbons at Dow. “We now have an even greater opportunity to close the loop on Dow’s materials through the delivery of Nexus’ circular products back to our plants, further accelerating progress toward our 2030 goal to enable 1 million metric tons of plastic to be collected, reused or recycled.”

Recycling - Polymer - Packaging

-Moisture Monitor Verifies Dryness of Polymers in Real Time

Connected to the drying hopper outlet, the new system from Conair detects moisture levels as low as 10 parts per million.

A new sensing device detects residual moisture levels as low as 10 parts per million (PPM) in polymers in real time. Installed at the outlet of a drying hopper, the Moisture Minder from Conair achieves throughput rates of 20 to 5,000 lb/hr.

The real-time monitor measures material moisture continually; set points can be configured to issue an alert when the specified moisture level drifts outside prescribed limits. All readings are stored for historical trending, allowing managers to recognize when conditions begin to shift in the wrong direction and make dryer-control changes to avoid compromising the entire volume of material inside the drying hopper. These historical records can also be used for process validation, confirming that parts were manufactured under acceptable conditions.  Recycling – Polymer – Packaging

Using the Moisture Minder in conjunction with Conair’s Drying Monitor provides the earliest possible indication that drying conditions are not right. Placed vertically in the drying hopper, the Drying Monitor probe measures temperature at multiple levels in the bed of material being dried, detecting anomalies that could result in higher-than-acceptable moisture levels in the resin as it leaves the hopper hours later.

The Moisture Minder also can be retrofitted to existing systems.

Two models are available: The M5 unit detects moisture levels between 10 and 1,000 ppm, while the M10 tracks moisture between 300 and 3,000 ppm. The all-electric sensors have no moving parts to maintain or change. Operation is passive, so there is no impact on production rates. A yearly calibration and cleaning are the only regular maintenance chores, said Conair.

Moisture Monitor Verifies Dryness of Polymers in Real Time

-Brightmark forms buoy plastic recycling partnership

San Francisco-based Brightmark LLC has launched a plastic recycling partnership with the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (FKNMS) in an effort to reduce materials from going to the landfill, said Recyclingtoday.

FKNMS has mooring and informational buoys to mark ecological reserves and provide an option for boats to tie up to as opposed to anchoring to help protect ocean reefs below. Prior to this partnership, FKNMS had to send these buoys to landfill when they reached end-of-life status since they were considered too difficult to recycle. Through the new partnership with Brightmark, FKNMS will send Brightmark these buoys and downlines to recycle them and convert them into circular plastics and lower carbon fuel and wax.

According to a news release from Brightmark, the partnership follows what it calls “a successful pilot phase,” the two groups will now recycle plastic buoys and downlines from the sanctuary’s upper and lower Keys locations to help decrease marine plastic pollution in the area. The two groups aim to expand this program nationally.

“Our partnership with the sanctuary is an essential and first-of-its-kind collaboration that will pull and divert plastic from our oceans,” says Bob Powell, Brightmark founder and chief executive officer.  Recycling – Polymer – Packaging

“This program is another proof point of how our innovative advanced recycling technology can play a critical role in ‘reimaging waste’ to solve the plastic waste crisis in our oceans with a truly circular solution.”

“This initiative elevates our commitment to protect the environment,” says Sarah Fangman, superintendent of the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. “I’m proud that buoy team member Benjamin D’Avanzo recognized the need for a sustainable alternative to our plastics waste and pursued this partnership with Brightmark.”

Brightmark says it has produced a short documentary on FKNMS’ buoy team to follow its daily operations and show how materials are sent to be recycled by Brightmark.

Recycling - Polymer - Packaging

-Europe mixed polyolefin/monomaterial bale spread reaches record low

In Europe, the mixed polyolefin market has narrowed throughout the year.

The spread between European 90 percent mixed polyolefin bale values and monomaterial polyolefin bale values is at its lowest on record. This is with the exception of low-density polyethylene (LDPE) postcommercial flexible bales, where the spread has been at its narrowest since January.

The value of 90 percent mixed polyolefin bales is at 50 euros per metric ton on average below that of monomaterial high-density polyethylene mixed-colored bales, 75 euros per metric ton on average below postconsumer polypropylene (PP) bales and 100 euros per metric ton on average below black postindustrial PP bales and natural LDPE flexible postcommercial 98/2 bales.  Recycling – Polymer – Packaging

In addition, there was talk in recycled polyolefin markets as of the week of Sept. 5 that players are starting to restrict activity to core markets. This is amid high energy costs, macroeconomic weakness, substitution to virgin and narrowing margins for nonpackaging markets such as construction and automotive.

Meanwhile, downstream spot recycled mixed polyolefin pellet prices—typically used by nonpackaging mechanical recycling applications such as construction—were heard as low as 760 euros per metric ton ex-works northwest Europe as of the week of Sept. 5.

Despite these factors, players are not currently seeing downward pressure on 90 percent mixed polyolefin values. This was, in part, attributed to low availability and partly attributed to pyrolysis-based chemical recyclers absorbing demand loss from mechanical recycling, as pilot plants continue to scale up. The onboarding of pyrolysis-based chemical recycling is expected to further tighten availability.

The 90 percent mixed polyolefin merchant market availability has narrowed throughout the year as waste managers have increasingly onboarded capacity to reprocess material captively.

Most of the chemical recycling market remains precommercial. Although volumes are expected to increase significantly in 2023 and 2024, most expect it to take at least five years for the market to reach scale.

Recycling - Polymer - Packaging

-Huhtamaki and Stora Enso aim to boost recycling with The Cup Collective

Huhtamaki and Stora Enso have joined forces to launch a new European paper cup recycling initiative, The Cup Collective.

The programme, managed by Co-cre8, aims to recycle and capture the value of used paper cups on an industrial scale. Initially the programme will be implemented across the Benelux.

The first paper cup collection bins will be available in restaurants, cafés, office buildings and transport hubs in the Brussels and Amsterdam metropolitan areas. The Cup Collective aims to recycle half a billion paper cups in the first two years.

Eric Le Lay, president, fibre foodservice EAO at Huhtamaki, said: “Huhtamaki is a world leader in developing and manufacturing recyclable fibre products. For us, every cup counts. Recycling – Polymer – Packaging

We want to go to the next step and ensure that recyclable cups also get effectively recycled. We have combined the best expertise from Huhtamaki and Stora Enso to create this new vision for industrial scale cup collection and recycling.”

Hannu Kasurinen, EVP, Stora Enso Packaging Materials division, added: “Stora Enso wants to accelerate the circularity of all packaging materials and we have an excellent foundation to make that happen. The paperboards we make are designed to be recycled and our own production sites, including Langerbrugge in Belgium, can process and recycle paper cups into new fiber-based products. By partnering with Huhtamaki and Co-cre8 we will now be able to provide a platform to collect and capture the value of paper cup fibers on an industrial scale.”

Recycling - Polymer - Packaging

Recycling – Polymer – Packaging

Plastic-Bottle -rPET – Bio-based 16-09-2022

Plastic-Bottle -rPET – Bio-based 16-09-2022

Plastic-Bottle -rPET – Bio-based

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-On Bio-on MAIP comes forward
Auction suspended to evaluate the bankruptcy arrangement proposal presented by the Piedmontese group to the trustees.
The procedure for the auction sale of Bio-on, a PHA-based bioplastic producer that failed in 2019, was suspended following the proposal for an arrangement with creditors presented to the curators by the Turin-based MAIP group, which – according to Corriere della Sera – would have put on the plate about 17 million euros, more than the 13.4 million of the last auction base.
We tried to contact the Turin company, without success.
At stake are the assets of the companies Bio-on and Bio-on Plants, including the production plant for PHA bioplastics located in Castel San Pietro Terme (BO), laboratories and warehouses, patent portfolio, shareholdings and movable assets.
The Bologna-based company went bankrupt at the end of 2019 following an investigation into the work of top management that started with the publication of a report by the US fund Quintessential Capital Management – QCM. Plastic-Bottle -rPET – Bio-based
Nine of the ten defendants for the bankruptcy of the company were indicted for various reasons for improper fraudulent bankruptcy and distraction (see article).
The first hearing was set for next November 18th.
The bankruptcy arrangement proposal, accompanied by two sureties, will be examined by the trustees Luca Mandrioli and Antonio Gaiani and then voted by the unsecured creditors and, if both steps pass, approved by the Court of Bologna.
A more complex process than participating in the bankruptcy auction, which does not require creditors to be screened.
The Maip Group is made up of three companies: Maip, Plastotecnica and Maip compounding, two dedicated to the distribution of plastics and one to the production of compounds.
The company’s portfolio already includes bioplastics, including the IamNature series based on PHBH, a poly-hydroxy-alkanoate copolymer, blended with other biopolymers.
On Bio-on MAIP comes forward

-Driving global harmonisation for recyclability

RecyClass and the US based Association of Plastics Recyclers, the international association representing the plastics recycling industry, reinforce their collaboration to drive worldwide harmonisation of plastic packaging recyclability. The basis of this collaboration is a shared vision of science-based design for recycling guidelines and protocols for recyclability assessments.

This partnership is indispensable to drive unified, fact-based approach to recyclability and to bring clarity for the whole value chain, specifically brand owners and retailers who operate on the multinational markets. Plastic-Bottle -rPET – Bio-based

“RecyClass mission, beyond supporting the industry in redesigning plastic packaging and boosting recycled material in new products, is to harmonize the approach toward recyclability assessment”, said Fabrizio di Gregorio, Technical Director at Plastics Recyclers Europe. “Given the similarities when it comes to the products placed on the markets globally, such harmonization can help make the packaging production systems more efficient and at the same time accelerate significantly the transition toward circularity”, he added.

This collaboration includes establishment of a common workplan to align and review the existing documents with an objective to identify potential gaps, consolidate existing methodologies and map additional testing methods. The first deliverables focused on aligning the guidelines and protocols for flexible plastics are expected at the beginning of 2023.

“The purpose of design guides is to ensure packages can be processed through the recycling infrastructure with the highest yield and best quality impact. Since the European and North American recycling infrastructures operate on many of the same principles, it is possible to harmonise much of the guidance. I’m excited that RecyClass and APR are making efforts to communicate and coordinate. These efforts benefit the entire packaging industry and circular economy,” said Curt Cozart, Chief Operating Officer at APR

Driving global harmonisation for recyclability

-Renewed calls for priority access to rPET from the European beverage industry

In a statement released today, UNESDA Soft Drinks Europe says that high rPET costs could prevent small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) from meeting legislative requirements on recycled content and calls on the European Commission to introduce a priority access mechanism or right of first refusal for the beverage industry in the upcoming revision of the Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive (PPWD).

According to UNESDA, many SMEs cannot afford the cost of recycled materials, with rPET reportedly at a 30%-plus premium over virgin PET in Europe. With the Single-Use Packaging Directive (SUPD) requiring PET beverage bottles to contain 30% recycled content by 2030, UNESDA says that the current situation puts SMEs at particular risk of not being able to meet legislative targets.

UNESDA adds that the current system, whereby rPET prices are apparently defined by what the highest bidder is ready to pay, forces companies from the food, textile, and automotive sectors, among others, to compete against each other. The organisation claims that, while this situation may be considered beneficial by recyclers, it is unfair that businesses with recycled content targets cannot access the necessary material to comply with legal obligations.

Portuguese SME Água de Monchique suggests that the pricing situation may become more severe without intervention: “When more producers will start incorporating rPET to meet the 2025 and 2030 targets, the access to rPET will be even more limited and the situation may get worse.”  Plastic-Bottle -rPET – Bio-based

In addition, UNESDA says that current rPET pricing favours downcycling over closed-loop recycling. As UNESDA has highlighted in a previous statement released with the European Fruit Juice Association (AIJN) and Natural Mineral Waters Europe (NMWE), clothes and toys made from recycled PET bottles are rarely recycled back into the same product after use, and often end up in landfill or incinerators, which constitutes downcycling.

Renewed calls for priority access to rPET from the European beverage industry

-Borealis, Trexel Develop Reusable, Fully Recyclable Lightweight Plastic Bottle

Materials supplier Borealis and Trexel, a leader in foaming technology used in injection and blow molding, have developed a new plastic bottle made from the Bornewables portfolio of polyolefins, which are made using renewable feedstock derived entirely from waste and residue streams. Bornewables polyolefins have a much lower overall CO2 footprint than alternative materials because they are made from renewably sourced feedstock and produced using Trexel’s MuCell foaming process, the companies said.

The Bornewables portfolio of circular polyolefins helps reduce a product’s carbon footprint while offering material performance equal to virgin polymers, according to Peter Voortmans, Borealis Global Commercial Director, Consumer Products. “Using Bornewables grades allows for design freedom and color flexibility, and helps retain a premium look and feel,” he said. Plastic-Bottle -rPET – Bio-based

The product was developed and validated using specific Borealis materials. “We do have special grades to enhance the foamability even further than standard grades,” Jos van Haastrecht, Global Communications Polyolefins, Circular Economy Solutions, told PlasticsToday.

The grades, which are commercially available in Europe, help conserve natural resources because they are derived only from waste and residue streams, such as used cooking oil.

The reusable bottle will retain its value over many life cycles due to the use of Trexel’s foaming technology and the Bornewables grades as a material solution. In addition, blow molders will consume less energy in the production process when using MuCell’s foaming technology.

The process does not require a specific blow molding machine. “We do not have limitations on the blow molding machine manufacturers with whom we can implement the technology,” van Haastrecht told PlasticsToday. The technology has been performed on both shuttle and wheel machines.

Plastic-Bottle -rPET - Bio-based

-SMEs in the beverage industry calls for fairer access to recycled PET

In the EU, recycled PET is becoming harder to come by and, consequently, more expensive. The reason is everybody wants qualitative recycled PET from beverage bottles and the demand significantly exceeds the offer.

So far, not all businesses have to meet the same requirements when it comes to recycled materials, specifically, not all enterprises have to meet mandatory recycled content and collection targets, have to comply with strict food-grade safety requirements for their packaging, make considerable investments in the recyclability, collection and recycling of their packaging and can recycle their packaging several times in a closed-loop.

This is the case for beverage producers.

Despite those legislative requirements and their investment in bottle-to-bottle circularity, many companies in the soft drinks sector have limited or no access to the recycled PET (rPET) issued from their own packaging. Plastic-Bottle -rPET – Bio-based

We have some reasonable concerns regarding the risk faced by some producers not to be able to meet the obligations arising from the EU Single-Use Plastics Directive, especially when it comes to access the sufficient amount and quality of recycled material needed to produce new drink containers made with recycled PET.

Plastic-Bottle -rPET - Bio-based

-Sustainability in focus: Südpack presents its “Flow pack Purepp” solution for ground-meat products at Empack

SÜDPACK will unveil its attractive “ground meat in a pouch” packaging concept at this year’s EMPACK in Ghent. These convenient flow packs will be produced by Zwager Techniek at stand number 2608 on a REEPACK horizontal flow wrap line. The highlight: Flow Pack PurePP is particularly material-efficient and, being a monostructure solution, also recyclable. At the same time, it provides an appealing look and feel at the point of sale as well as a high degree of convenience for the consumer.

Flow Pack PurePP with outstanding material properties

The Flow Pack PurePP films used to produce these practical pouches are true high-performance products. They are recyclable, polypropylene-based mono-materials that are equivalent to conventional composites in terms of strength. To ensure both an extended shelf life and an attractive presentation of sensitive foodstuffs at the POS, these transparent films are also available in a high-barrier version and additionally with an antifog effect. Consumers can therefore see at a glance whether the ground meat inside still looks fresh and appetizing. Plastic-Bottle -rPET – Bio-based

Compared to conventional tray packaging, material savings of up to 60% can be achieved with Flow Pack PurePP – an important aspect in terms of both internal and external logistics costs along the entire value chain. Above all, however, this is a major advantage in terms of environmental accounting and responsible use of the available resources.

Another key factor is that this mono-material can be processed on horizontal and vertical flow pack lines with excellent results. Even at high cycle rates, efficient packaging is ensured thanks to secure sealing as well as a large processing window.

For an added bonus in terms of sustainability, the films can be printed using SÜDPACK’s innovative SPQ (Sustainable Print Quality) printing technology. In this process, all designs are automatically and reliably represented using a standardized color palette during the pre-press stage – much like with offset or digital printing. This allows the number of color changes in the printing machine – as well as the associated ink, solvent, and film consumption – to be significantly reduced while simultaneously optimizing print quality.

Plastic-Bottle -rPET - Bio-based

-Fraunhofer Institute announces new research project to assist designing recyclable bio-based coatings for paper packaging

The Fraunhofer Institute for Process Engineering and Packaging IVV has announced a new research project, BiPaRe, which aims to identify the connections between the barrier effect of a coating versus its recyclability, in order to increase the market potential for bio-based paper coatings in sustainable packaging.

The institute says a database will be created for product developers to use to assess the functionality, process capability and recyclability of new coatings in advance while considering the wider context. The coatings can then be organized effectively.

Apparently, new laboratory test methods will be used to test the coatings’ recyclability. The interference potential of re-dispersible and finely dispersed coating particles, which accumulate in the process water at paper mills, is being investigated using newly developed testing methods. Bio-based paper coatings with a barrier function will also be systematically investigated. Plastic-Bottle -rPET – Bio-based

According to Fraunhofer, the results will be used to further develop recyclability to assist the coatings meeting the requirements of the recovered paper industry. Based on this, new packaging concepts will be developed and a generally applicable decision tree for the product development of bio-based barrier coatings will be defined.

Fraunhofer states that the BiPaRe project aims to obtain several results. The first is a generally applicable laboratory test method for the interference potential of redispersible coating components in paper production, to supplement current recyclability test methods.

Secondly, a data matrix showing the influence of material parameters of bio-based coating materials on recyclability. Additionally, sample packaging concepts for food group/product categories which combine both functionality and recyclability.

Plastic-Bottle -rPET - Bio-based

-Encina Announces Delivering First-Ever High Purity Aromatics Made Entirely from End-of-Life Plastics

Encina Development Group, LLC (“Encina”) today announced the first-ever production of high purity aromatics made entirely from end-of-life mixed plastics. Encina has delivered its high purity monomer chemicals to customers and confirms that ongoing production will continue.

David Roesser, PhD, CEO of Encina stated, “Encina’s delivery of on-specification, circular chemicals is a major milestone for the company, as it validates our goal to deliver high purity ISCC+ chemical solutions for our customers on a global basis; the feedback from everyone has been overwhelmingly positive.”

Encina operates a circular chemicals facility in San Antonio, Texas and recently completed an expansion phase with engineering and construction work undertaken by Chemex Global, LLC of The Woodlands, Texas. The facility is designed to accept mixed end-of-life plastics, which are then catalytically converted into circular chemicals for Encina’s customers.  Plastic-Bottle -rPET – Bio-based

“According to the EPA, less than 10% of plastics are currently recycled,” said Carlo Badiola, Senior Vice President of Engineering & Technology. “Encina’s large-scale solution being deployed next year will enable the diversion of 450,000 tons of mixed plastic streams from landfills or incineration to manufacture ISCC+ circular chemicals to help our customers meet their ongoing sustainability goals.”

Encina Announces Delivering First-Ever High Purity Aromatics Made Entirely from End-of-Life Plastics

Plastic-Bottle -rPET – Bio-based

Plastic-Recyclers – Biopolymer-r-PET 15-09-2022

Plastic-Recyclers – Biopolymer-r-PET 15-09-2022

Plastic-Recyclers – Biopolymer-r-PET

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Technologies partner to boost PET upcycling technology

Koch Technology Solutions, a Koch Engineered Solutions company, and Ioniqa Technologies B.V. announced a partnership to scale up and commercialize Ioniqa’s advanced PET recycle technology in the plastics industry. As part of this collaboration, KTS has committed to invest up to EUR30M in Ioniqa, said Petnology.

Ioniqa has developed an innovative process that utilizes low-grade post-consumer PET to infinitely produce a feedstock that displaces virgin raw materials used in the production of polyester products. Ioniqa has successfully demonstrated this technology in The Netherlands’ 10KTA production facility. Plastic-Recyclers – Biopolymer-r-PET

“KTS has a long history in the polyester industry, and we recognize the value proposition of this disruptive technology that will fundamentally change how recycling is done,” said Adam Sackett, President of KTS. “With an aligned vision on the future of PET recycling, we’re excited to launch this partnership with Ioniqa and leverage our complementary capabilities to advance solutions which are tailored to the needs of the market.”

KTS and Ioniqa’s partnership will work to address the growing demand for recycled content in the 30 million metric tonnes per annum PET market. Ioniqa’s technology offers a solution to PET waste that is currently non-recyclable, turning the waste into materials suitable for high quality food grade applications such as beverage bottles. KTS and Ioniqa consider the technology as a disruptor in the PET industry providing a sustainable economic recycle proposition to conventional manufacturing routes. The partnership will drive a circular process that addresses environmental impacts of the current PET industry.

Technologies partner to boost PET upcycling technology

-Polystyrene functional barrier safety confirmed

Styrenics Circular Solutions (SCS), the value chain initiative to realise the circular economy for styrenic polymers, has announced that polystyrene (PS) can be used as a safe functional barrier for mechanically recycled PS (rPS) in rigid food packaging.

Through findings supported by a scientific study performed by Fraunhofer IVV, the capacity of PS as a functional barrier by using purposely contaminated rPS as middle layer in a coextruded ABA structure was confirmed. The low diffusion properties of PS, similarly to PET, enable the safe use of mechanically recycled PS in food contact applications behind the PS functional barrier. Fraunhofer IVV performed rigorous testing on real yoghurt pots, proving the safety in an ABA structure with up to 50 per cent recycled polystyrene content. The results are applicable to all rigid thermoformed PS packaging.

Jens Kathmann, Secretary-General of SCS, said: “This is another significant step for SCS. Now, we have not only multiple recycling technologies in place, from food contact mechanical recycling, dissolution to the chemical recycling technology depolymerisation, all of which enable easy recycling of post-consumer PS waste to food contact material, over and over again. We also have multiple mechanical processes, like those of our partners NGR and Gneuss, which have proven to recycle PS to food grade standards. In addition, this study now demonstrates a second safe solution for incorporating mechanically recycled PS content in food contact materials. These results again broaden the range of circular options for the PS value chain.” Plastic-Recyclers – Biopolymer-r-PET

Claudio Bilotti, Polystyrene Marketing Manager of Versalis (ENI), added: “This is exciting news as the value chain now has another solution for incorporating rPS into food contact applications that can be placed on the market right away.

Polystyrene functional barrier safety confirmed

-Repeats Group Invests in Polimero Srl, Continuing to Build One of the Leading LDPE Plastic Recyclers in Europe

Repeats Group B.V. (“Repeats”), a pan-European plastics recycling platform focused on the production of high-quality recycled low-density polyethylene (“LDPE”) from post-industrial and commercial films, announced today that it has made an investment in Polimero Srl (“Polimero” or the “Company”), a producer of recycled LDPE located in northern Italy, close to Venice. The financial terms of the transaction were not disclosed. Repeats is a portfolio company of Ara Partners (“Ara”), a global private equity firm focused on industrial decarbonization.

Repeats’ investment in Polimero marks its expansion into Italy, an important step in building a pan-European plastics recycling platform. It follows Repeats’ recent two investments in Spain and the Netherlands, with expansion into other European countries planned for later this year.

Polimero uses a mechanical process to convert plastic waste into resin suitable for commercial and industrial applications. As part of Repeats, Polimero plans to continue expanding its production to meet the growing demand for recycled LDPE in Europe.

Polimero is led by Simonetta Tiberto, who has been with the company since 2010 and will continue to lead the Italian operations and execution of its growth plan.

“Polimero has a great reputation in the industry as an important player in the LDPE recycling environment in northern Italy,” said Greg Rung, CEO of Repeats. “We see significant opportunity for Polimero to further penetrate the Italian market by providing its clients with higher quality recycled resin. We are delighted that Simonetta and her team are joining Repeats and look forward to building on their success to date.”

“We share Repeats’ and Ara’s ambition to build one of the largest LDPE recyclers in Europe,” said Simonetta Tiberto, CEO of Polimero. “We are excited to have Repeats’ support as we continue to expand our business and geographic reach. All our efforts are aimed at creating a circular ecosystem and best serving customers who increasingly require high-quality recycled plastics.” Plastic-Recyclers – Biopolymer-r-PET

“We are excited for Repeats to enter the Italian market and partner with Simonetta,” said Tuan Tran, Partner at Ara Partners. “The Repeats platform is well positioned for rapid growth and plans to become the largest independent producer of recycled LDPE resins in Europe. We are pleased to support Repeats in its ongoing efforts to decarbonize the European plastics market.”

Repeats Group Invests in Polimero Srl, Continuing to Build One of the Leading LDPE Plastic Recyclers in Europe

-Packaging tape with material made from recycled post-consumer PET

Tesa, international manufacturer of adhesive tapes and self-adhesive system solutions, is launching a new packaging adhesive tape. The new Tesa 60412 Recycled PET packaging tape has a waterborne acrylic adhesive system, and 70 per cent of the PET that makes up the backing comes from Post-Consumer Recycling (PCR). Tesa states that it can be disposed of together with the cardboard in the respective paper recycling bin without jeopardising the paper recycling process and is certified according to INGEDE method 12 (100/100). Plastic-Recyclers – Biopolymer-r-PET

The tape is intended for light- and medium-weight packaging applications up to 30 kg. It has a strong, abrasion-resistant backing and a consistent pressure-sensitive acrylic adhesive, a material combination that guarantees good adhesion on recycled cardboard as well as low-noise unwind. Thus, the new tape can be a suitable alternative to the commonly used packaging tapes made of polyvinyl chloride for many industries, such as the food and beverage industry, the pharmaceutical industry, or the logistics sector.

Plastic-Recyclers - Biopolymer-r-PET

-Sustainability that goes beyond packaging

While the main focus for sustainability goals in food and drink has been on packaging, according to Multivac, there is a lot more that manufacturers can do throughout the processing and packaging chain to contribute to their sustainability story.​

While the pressure is on, both from a legal and consumer perspective, for food and drink brands to achieve and exceed expectations on sustainability, it’s a confusing scene out there in the UK market.Plastic-Recyclers – Biopolymer-r-PET

A survey by Statista in August 2021, revealed that 13% of UK respondents would be willing to pay more than 10% extra for sustainable food1​ and this is increasingly being demanded by the younger generation in particular. Meanwhile, the upcoming extended producer responsibility legislation (EPR), taking effect from 1 January next year, will tighten the rules on packaging and require compliance from relevant food and drink firms.

Sustainability Wheel resized

The big push to reduce plastic, which really began around five years ago, was ramped up two years ago when the Blue Planet II series aired the impact of marine plastic pollution. “Everyone wanted a panacea. They wanted to get rid of plastic, but not reduce shelf-life or have any on-cost or invest in any new kit,” says Elliot Chrisp, materials business unit manager at equipment supplier Multivac UK. “It wasn’t possible… or rather, it could be possible but you had to compromise on one of them.”

Pressure from brands’ marketing departments and from supermarkets, both responding to expectant consumers, created the perfect storm and the battle was on to satisfy those demands but create a balance that meant products continued to be protected through the supply chain and were afforded a reasonable shelf-life. In some ways, the pressure to reduce plastic became a race to the bottom.

By nature, recycled materials need to go mono and when a brand has traditionally used two polymers in its packaging, then the transition is not necessarily straightforward – as there was always a reason for those two different types of plastic in the first place, notes Chrisp.

A major problem that suppliers are now facing is the supply and demand of alternative packaging materials. While plastics can be replaced with additives such as EVOH (ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer -a clear, glossy thermoplastic copolymer) for barrier properties, the demand for EVOH has soared, with the result that supply has been restricted, with everyone on allocation.

“I don’t think the demand for EVOH would have gone through the roof if we hadn’t had this push for a mono approach,” says Chrisp, who suggests that the supermarkets have pushed the market down the mono route.Plastic-Recyclers – Biopolymer-r-PET

Plastic-Recyclers - Biopolymer-r-PET

-Cellulose Powder–Filled PP Biocomposite Under Development

Nippon Paper and Mitsui Chemicals partner to produce biocomposite material for auto, home appliance, and other applications.

Japan’s Nippon Paper Industries and Mitsui Chemicals are set to partner in the development of a new biocomposite with a high cellulose powder content. The two companies intend to develop products and bring them to market at the earliest possible opportunity, with plans to expand into a range of fields, including consumer products, housewares, containers, building materials, household appliances, and automobile parts.

Aimed at bringing to market a new biocomposite that offers a high level of stability in terms of both quality and supply, the tie-up will see the partners tap into their material supply chains and leverage the advanced material manufacturing and development technologies they have cultivated over many years. Plastic-Recyclers – Biopolymer-r-PET

With cellulose powder as its principal ingredient, this new composite will boast the same processability as conventional plastic. Further, the composite’s use of woody biomass as its main constituent will help to cut greenhouse-gas emissions by minimizing the use of fossil-fuel-derived virgin material.

Japan is somewhat of a hotbed for development of biocomposites based on cellulose derivatives. Japanese auto parts maker Toyoda Gosei recently developed a cellulose nanofiber (CNF) reinforced polypropylene (PP) compound. Polyplastics, meanwhile, roped in regenerated cellulose in a long-fiber thermoplastic PP compound. Japanese pulp and paper companies have been working for some time on the development of cellulose fiber for composite applications.

Mitsui Chemicals aims to combine cellulose powder from Nippon Paper with the compounding technologies cultivated by the Mitsui Chemicals Group to develop a strong, readily workable biocomposite with a high cellulose powder content.

Plastic-Recyclers - Biopolymer-r-PET

-Sulzer acquisition to scale up biopolymer production

Industrial giant Sulzer has acquired a stake in Netherland’s-based CELLiCON with the aim of scaling up the Dutch company’s pioneering technology for biopolymers.

Plant based nano structured cellulose offers an alternative to conventional petroleum oil-based polymers used in industry. However, while cellulose is an abundant biopolymer, its potential as a sustainable option has been limited by its high costs and footprint.

CELLiCON’s G2 technology is capable of reducing the costs in money and time as well as the environmental footprint of producing cellulose in its crystalline form – nanocrystalline structured cellulose, ­or nanocellulose. Plastic-Recyclers – Biopolymer-r-PET

The result is a building block for a range of industrial products including materials, superglues and transparent films, together with functioning as a starch or polystyrene alternative.

Swiss-based Sulzer has acquired a minority stake in the firm with an option to increase its holding. Its Sulzer Chemtech subsidiary will collaborate on scaling up and commercialising the nanocellulose technology.

Sulzer Chemtech Head of Strategy and Business Development Daniel Rytz explained the purchase would expand the firm’s processing technologies for bio-based and renewable feedstocks. It will also benefit production of the most popular bioplastic, polylactic acid, in which Sulzer plays a lead role worldwide.

Plastic-Recyclers - Biopolymer-r-PET

-European PE and PP: Energy cost and demand crisis gathers momentum as pricing falls closer to China levels

A BIG QUESTION, immediately after the Russian invasion of Ukraine, was whether Europe would be able to maintain essential production of polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) because of energy-supply reductions. This led to speculation that Europe might have to import more polyolefins to ensure sufficient supplies of plastic films and bottles for medical and food-supply chains.Plastic-Recyclers – Biopolymer-r-PET

The chart below shows European dependence on Russian gas compared with country-by-country percentages of the region’s total PE capacity, Germany is the standout risk country as it has a nearly 50% reliance on Russia for its gas supplies with a total of more than 70% of Europe’s PE capacities across the three grades. In the case of the Netherlands, it is the location for just under 40% of capacities with its dependence on Russian gas at around 20%.

As you can see below, PP capacities are more evenly distributed across Europe. Germany accounts for some 20% of PP capacities with the Netherlands accounting for just under 10%.

But while, as I said, speculation over European production cutbacks occurred during the early days of the crisis, it was recognised that a far as durable end-use applications went, the dent in European demand was a bigger issue. PP is of course more vulnerable that PE, as a higher proportion of PP consumption goes into end-use markets such as automotives and white goods.

Energy costs could be a bigger issue than supply

The risk of supply production cutbacks forced on European producers by energy cutbacks certainly hasn’t gone away. But, as the Financial Times wrote in a 10 September article: “Confidence is growing in European capitals that Europe can get through the winter without severe economic and social dislocation or energy rationing. Von der Leyen said the EU had ‘weakened the grip that Russia had on our economy and our continent’.”

The newspaper added that gas storage in the EU was at 82%, well in advance of the 80% target the bloc set for the end of October. Member states had diversified supplies through increase pipeline imports from Norway, Algeria and Azerbaijan and LNG from the US and other producers. Nuclear, coal and renewables power generation is also being cranked up in order to hedge against the very real risk that Russia stops all gas supplies to Europe during the winter.Plastic-Recyclers – Biopolymer-r-PET

Russia could afford to do this, according to an 11 July Economist article. While the magazine said that oil exports had been worth 10% of Russian GDP over the previous five years (hence, all the efforts to maintain crude exports), gas exports were worth just 2% of GP over the same period.

European PE and PP: Energy cost and demand crisis gathers momentum as pricing falls closer to China levels

Plastic-Recyclers – Biopolymer-r-PET

Europe-energy -Textile-Recycling 14-09-2022

Europe-energy -Textile-Recycling 14-09-2022

Europe-energy -Textile-Recycling

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Teijin Frontier develops first tire cord made from eco-friendly adhesive and recycled polyester

Teijin Frontier, the Teijin Group’s fibers and products converting company, has developed an eco-friendly tire cord made from an adhesive that does not contain resorcinol formaldehyde (RF), which is harmful to the human body and the environment, and also incorporates a low-environmental impact chemically recycled polyester fiber for rubber reinforcement.

According to the company, this is the world’s first commercialization of a tire cord that combines an RF-free adhesive and a chemically recycled polyester fiber.

Teijin Frontier will now begin to develop reinforcing-fiber applications for various rubber products, including tire cords, belts, hoses and other diverse uses. The company will start test production of its new tire cord in 2023, targeting annual production of 200,000 tons by 2030.

Teijin Frontier, guided by its THINK ECO environmental initiative, is striving to improve its environmental value by developing greener materials and products for applications ranging from clothing to industrial materials. The new tire cord is a result of the company’s increasing emphasis on low-environmental impact solutions.

Due to its use of an adhesive polymer compound instead of RF, the new tire cord reduces the environmental impact of adhesive processing. In addition, due to its strong affinity with fibers and rubber, its adhesion performance is equivalent to that of conventional resorcinol-formaldehyde-latex (RFL) adhesives. Europe-energy -Textile-Recycling

Its chemically recycled fibers, which are made from polymers produced with a chemical recycling method, maintain their strength, fatigue resistance, dimensional stability and heat resistance. Compared to conventional tire cords made from petroleum-derived polyester fiber, the new tire cord achieves the same levels of quality and performance in addition to reducing CO2 emissions during production.

The demand for more eco-friendly tires is growing due to rising environmental awareness. In response, Teijin Frontier has been actively developing eco-friendly materials and products for tires as well as other rubber products. In 2008, it launched the world’s first tire cord incorporating chemically recycled polyester fiber, and in March 2020 the company introduced an eco-friendly rubber-reinforced fiber cord that does not contain RF.

Teijin Frontier develops first tire cord made from eco-friendly adhesive and recycled polyester

-Toppan and Max Speciality Films to Showcase the Toppan Group’s Extensive Barrier Film and Packaging Business to the Indian Market at PackEx India 2022

Toppan, a global leader in communication, security, packaging, décor materials, and electronics solutions, and Max Speciality Films Private Limited (MSFL), a Toppan Group company and one of India’s leading film manufacturers, will participate together for the first time in PackEx India 2022, which will be held at the Bombay Exhibition Centre in Mumbai from September 14 to 16. Toppan and MSFL will present the Toppan Group’s barrier packaging business, including GL BARRIER, a market-leading transparent barrier film, to end users such as Indian packaging manufacturers and food producers.

PackEx India is an international exhibition for packaging materials and technology held every other year in Mumbai and New Delhi. It showcases packaging materials and equipment for items such as food, cosmetics, toiletries, pharmaceutical products, and industrial goods. In 2019 approximately 470 companies participated, and the number of visitors exceeded 10,000.

Leveraging GL BARRIER, which enjoys the leading share of the global market for transparent vapor-deposited barrier films, Toppan has a broad-ranging packaging business with production locations in Japan, other parts of Asia, and North America. In May 2021 Toppan published its Medium Term Plan for the period April 2021 to March 2023, the key concept of which is Digital & Sustainable Transformation. One of the priorities defined in the plan is accelerating expansion of the global packaging business by catering to demand for sustainable solutions and establishing networks facilitating local production for local consumption.

MSFL was founded in 1990 and has its headquarters and manufacturing base in Punjab, India. The company manufactures and sells BOPP films, predominantly for food packaging. After acquiring a 49% stake in MSFL in 2017, Toppan participated in the business as a minority shareholder. Toppan increased its stake to 90% in February this year, bringing MSFL on board as a consolidated subsidiary. Toppan is strengthening its business in the growing Indian market for BOPP films, which are anticipated to see demand as a more readily recyclable mono-material for packaging.

Increased environmental consciousness in recent years is driving worldwide demand for sustainable packaging materials. Fusing Toppan’s barrier film and packaging businesses with MSFL’s marketing capabilities and extensive knowledge of the film sector and Indian landscape, the two companies will showcase GL BARRIER and packaging technologies as they look to expand the Toppan Group’s presence in one of the leading markets in the Asia/Oceania region.

Solutions on show

GL BARRIER and related barrier packaging

GL BARRIER is Toppan’s proprietary range of transparent barrier films. With world-class barrier performance enabled by unique vapor deposition and coating technologies and an extensive lineup for diverse applications, GL BARRIER is a leading brand recognized in markets throughout the world, including Japan, Europe, the Americas, and Asia.

Toppan and Max Speciality Films to Showcase the Toppan Group’s Extensive Barrier Film and Packaging Business to the Indian Market at PackEx India 2022

-EU countries come together to mitigate Europe’s energy prices

EU countries are working together to address high prices and secure energy supplies for Europeans, who are experiencing an unprecedented energy crisis in the wake of the Ukraine war. During the Energy Council held on Friday, EU energy ministers discussed measures to mitigate high energy prices, and EU and national actions to prepare for winter.

Following the exchange on preparedness measures, ministers concluded that, despite recent developments and in particular the cut of Russian gas flows via Nordstream I, Europe is prepared for this winter, according to an announcement by the European Council.

The main goals of the EU’s response to the energy crisis are to ensure affordable and competitive energy for EU consumers; increase the EU’s energy security and preparedness in the event of emergencies; and strengthen the energy resilience and autonomy of EU countries.

To this end, EU countries are working together on reducing the EU’s energy dependencies by diversifying energy sources and supplies; securing gas supplies while cutting demand for gas; and accelerating the transition to clean energy. Europe-energy -Textile-Recycling

The 27 EU member states have jointly decided to phase out the EU’s dependency on Russian fossil fuels, in the light of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and of the EU’s climate goals for 2050. With the Versailles Declaration adopted at the meeting in March, leaders agreed to progressively cut imports from Russia by reducing the overall reliance on fossil fuels; diversifying energy supplies and routes, including for liquefied natural gas (LNG); speeding up the development of renewables and hydrogen; improving interconnections between EU energy networks; and increasing energy efficiency.

In 2020, more than half of the total energy available in the EU came from imports, with Russia as the main supplier of fossil fuels to the EU. Reducing the EU’s dependency on Russian fuels is key to strengthening the EU’s energy resilience and autonomy, especially in the event of energy shortages, and provides an opportunity to accelerate the shift towards renewable energy sources.

In response to the leaders’ call for a plan to implement their decision on Russian imports, the Commission presented the REPowerEU plan in May 2022. Under the plan, the EU has established the voluntary EU Energy Platform, which supports coordinated common purchases of energy for all EU countries and some European partners.

New agreements on energy supply have been reached with international partners. The United States and Canada have increased deliveries of LNG to the EU; Norway is providing more gas; a memorandum of understanding for increasing gas deliveries was signed with Azerbaijan; and new deliveries are planned from Israel and Egypt.

As gas supply deliveries become less predictable – with Russia stopping delivery to several EU countries, the Council took urgent measures to secure supply of gas for the winter and cut gas demand in the EU, the Council said elaborating on the EU member nation’s agenda to secure gas supply.

In June 2022, the Council adopted a new regulation on gas storage which aims to ensure storage facilities are filled before the cold season: underground gas storage on member states’ territory must be filled to at least 80 per cent of their capacity by 1 November 2022 and to 90 per cent by the subsequent winters.

The new rules also establish solidarity arrangements between member states to help those countries that do not have storage facilities on their territory. These countries should store 15 per cent of their annual domestic gas consumption in stocks located in another member state.

By the beginning of September 2022, most EU countries had managed to store the required level of gas in their reserves, with the EU average being 82.5 per cent.

On 5 August 2022, EU countries agreed to reduce the overall gas demand in the EU by 15 per cent in the period between August 2022 and March 2023. Under the new rules, EU countries agreed to take measures – defined at national level – to cut demand in gas for a specified period.  Europe-energy -Textile-Recycling

As for accelerating the green transition, EU countries are committed to the goals of the European Green Deal to cut EU greenhouse gas emissions and achieve climate neutrality in the EU by 2050. This requires an overhaul of the EU’s energy system and the replacement of fossil fuels by cleaner forms of energy.

The green transition will lead the EU towards lower reliance on fossil fuels; reduced energy dependencies; and a cleaner environment and improved health.

Renewables are key to the energy transition. They are the cheapest and cleanest form of energy available and can be used to generate energy within the EU, helping reduce dependence on energy imports.

In June 2022, EU countries agreed a Council position (‘general approach’) on the Fit for 55 package – the EU’s plan to convert the European Green Deal goals into EU law. New rules, which are currently under negotiation with the European Parliament, will speed up the availability of alternative renewable energy sources and support energy efficiency.

EU countries come together to mitigate Europe's energy prices

-Haartz partners with GTT to scale waterless textile finishing

Green Theme Technologies Inc. (GTT), a pioneer in waterless and PFAS-free textile finishing, and The Haartz Corporation, a global leader in highly engineered and distinctively designed textile materials, have announced a collaboration to transform the way textiles are finished in the US. GTT’s PFAS-free and waterless EMPEL™ textile finishing platform, the first of its type in the North American market, provides best-in-class performance while removing dangerous chemicals from all layers of textile finishing without the use of water. Europe-energy -Textile-Recycling

The EMPEL platform, created by GTT, can apply a wide range of finishes to an almost infinite number of fabrics, including Durable Water Repellent, Anti-Wicking, Durable Stain Release, and more. Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substance (PFAS) pollution is eliminated by EMPEL using sustainable “clean chemistry” during the textile manufacturing process through a waterless process.

Martin Flora, VP of Business Development for GTT, said that Haartz is the ideal partner for GTT. Through its top-notch production and testing facilities, they are the global leader in growing completed fabric technology. Their partnership introduces textile innovation to North America and helps produce a good and significant environmental effect through their many product categories, which include clothing, furniture, and automobiles.

EMPEL employs a nontoxic, water-free hydrocarbon monomer solution that polymerizes when applied to textiles, coating each individual yarn with a high-performance finish, according to independent research by Bureau Veritas and Okeotex. According to testing, EMPEL provides a longer-lasting protective finish than the C0 and C6 fluorocarbon water repellent alternatives.

The adoption of high-performance and sustainable solutions is being led by forward-thinking companies like Haartz as PFAS prohibitions spread across the nation and the globe.

Currently, performance clothing companies like Black Diamond, TREW Gear, Stoney Creek, and Artilect sell clothing items that incorporate EMPEL. The EMPEL technique has only one US license, and Haartz intends to increase manufacturing with a number of well-known companies. Europe-energy -Textile-Recycling

Europe-energy -Textile-Recycling

-ANDRITZ to Complete Basic Engineering for Textile Recycling Processes to Infinited Fiber Company in Finland

Infinited Fiber Company is preparing to build the line in Veitsiluoto, Kemi, with a planned regenerated textile fiber production capacity of 30,000 t/a. The plant will process recycled textile waste and is expected to operate at full capacity in 2025.

ANDRITZ proprietary equipment will be used in several processes at the new plant. The equipment was validated for Infinited Fiber Company’s technology under a cooperation agreement published in November 2020, and the order to supply pre-engineering was received in February 2022. Europe-energy -Textile-Recycling

“ANDRITZ’s equipment and process portfoli o offers good opportunities for the textile fiber production technology, and the cooperation with Infinited Fiber Company is a significant step towards scaling up a new type of textile fiber. Textile waste collection will become mandatory in the EU in 2025, and we are able to offer various technologies for recycling of textile waste and other bio-based raw materials to produce new bio-based fibers” says Kari Tuominen, President and CEO of ANDRITZ Oy.

Textile recycling technologies are part of ANDRITZ’s comprehensive product portfolio of sustainable solutions that help customers achieve their own sustainability goals in terms of climate and environmental protection.

Infinited Fiber Company (infinitedfiber.com) is a fashion and textile technology group operating in the field of textile recycling and regenerated fiber production. Its innovation transforms cellulose-rich materials worn-out clothes, used cardboard, and wheat or rice straw into Infinna™, a premium cotton-like textile fiber. Infinna™ is biodegradable, contains no microplastics, and textiles made with it can be recycled in the same process.

Europe-energy -Textile-Recycling

-Technip Energies and APChemi collaborating to commercialize plastic waste-to-olefins technology

Technip Energies (Paris) and APChemi Pvt Ltd. have entered into a cooperation agreement to commercialize APChemi’s advanced plastic waste to high quality pyrolysis oil technology, in conjunction with Technip Energies’ pyrolysis oil upgradation and steam cracking technology, said the company. Europe-energy -Textile-Recycling

APChemi’s patented “Pyromax™” pyrolysis technology for recycling plastic waste closes the gap in the plastic supply chain by taking dirty and mixed plastic waste, including municipal solid waste segregated plastics and multilayer packaging, and breaking it down to produce high quality pyrolysis oil which can be chemically recycled into circular plastics. The process has a lower carbon footprint, as it displaces the need for crude-oil-based feedstocks for plastics manufacturing, while reducing the need for intensive plastic waste sorting.

Technip Energies is closing the circular loop from pyrolysis oil to polyolefins building blocks by bringing its ethylene furnace and steam cracker design expertise, along with the preparation and purification technologies. The Pure.rOil by T.EN purification technology ensures safe, reliable and optimized integration with crackers.

Bhaskar Patel, SVP of Sustainable Fuels, Chemicals and Circularity of Technip Energies, commented: “This strategic partnership with APChemi will provide Technip Energies’ clients with an additional option in our growing plastic waste-to-olefins solution portfolio setup around our Pure.rOil technology. It will help to solve the puzzle of circular economy by offering a waste-to-olefins solution, reducing carbon dioxide emissions and end-of-life plastic pollution. The approach is a way to achieve recycled content targets, while continuing the use of current packaging materials.”

Suhas Dixit, CEO of APChemi said: “We offer our full support to Technip Energies for extending this plastic waste to polyolefins solution. Our robust Pyromax™ technology would be an integral part of Technip Energies’ efforts to eliminate plastic pollution. This strategic collaboration will help us extend our leadership in pyrolysis technology beyond India. APChemi also intends to utilize this collaboration for building world-class pyrolysis oil manufacturing facilities in India and abroad.” Europe-energy -Textile-Recycling

Europe-energy -Textile-Recycling

-A New Plant in Indiana Uses a Process Called ‘Pyrolysis’ to Recycle Plastic Waste. Critics Say It’s Really Just Incineration

After two years, Brightmark Energy has yet to get the factory up and running. Environmentalists say pyrolysis requires too much energy, emits greenhouse gases and pollutants, and turns plastic waste into new, dirty fossil fuels.

The bales, bundles and bins of plastic waste are stacked 10 feet high in a shiny new warehouse that rises from a grassy field near a town known for its bright yellow smiley-face water tower.

Jay Schabel exudes the same happy optimism. He’s president of the plastics division of Brightmark Energy, a San Francisco-based company vying to be on the leading edge of a yet-to-be-proven new industry—chemical recycling of plastic.

Walking in the warehouse among 900 tons of a mix of crushed plastic waste in late July, Schabel talked about how he has worked 14 years to get to this point: Bringing experimental technology to the precipice of what he anticipates will be a global, commercial success. He hopes it will also take a bite out of the plastic waste that’s choking the planet. Europe-energy -Textile-Recycling

“When I saw the technology, I said this is the sort of thing I can get out of bed and work on to change the world,” said Schabel, an electrical engineer.

Europe-energy -Textile-Recycling

-Lehvoss Group adds compounding facility in China

German compounder builds new ‘high-tech’ centre in Shenzhen, southeastern China

Shenzhen, China – German compounder Lehvoss Group has strengthened its presence in China with the building of a new ‘high-tech’ centre in Shenzhen, southeastern China.

The new facility will manufacture high-performance compounds, 3D printing materials and masterbatches for the local high-tech industry, said Lehvoss in a recent statement.

This is the group’s fourth location in China in addition to its headquarters in Shanghai, a production facility and a technology centre in Kunshan and a sales office in Dalian.

“We are excited and happy about this foundation and the expansion of our activities in this important region in southern China,” said Xuesong Zhang, managing director, Lehvoss (Shanghai) Chemical Co., Ltd. Europe-energy -Textile-Recycling

Lehvoss Group adds compounding facility in China

Europe-energy -Textile-Recycling

Biobased-PEF – PP-Bottle – Techtextil 13-09-2022

PET-Bottle-Grade – Petrochemicals 13-09-2022

PET-Bottle-Grade – Petrochemicals

PET-Bottle-Grade - Petrochemicals

ITEM 05/09/2022 13/09/2022 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 8,700 yuan/ton 8,575 yuan/ton -125
Bottle grade PET chips export market 1,090 $/ton 1,075 $/ton -20
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 7,075 yuan/ton 7,175 yuan/ton +100
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 7,150 yuan/ton 7,325 yuan/ton +175
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market

PET-Bottle-Grade – Petrochemicals

6,675 yuan/ton 6,710 yuan/ton +35
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 870 $/ton 880 $/ton +10
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 4,170 yuan/ton 4,475 yuan/ton +305
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 510 $/ton 552 $/ton +42
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market 1,037 $/ton 1,099 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 1,017 $/ton 1,079 $/ton +62
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,044 $/ton 1,106 $/ton +62
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 7,975 yuan/ton 8,100 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,550 yuan/ton 7,750 yuan/ton +200
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 9,450 yuan/ton 9,600 yuan/ton +150
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F 9,000 yuan/ton 9,150 yuan/ton +150
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 8,500 yuan/ton 8,625 yuan/ton +125
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,730 yuan/ton 7,850 yuan/ton +120
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 12.200 yuan/ton 12,600 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,750 $/ton 1,750 $/ton
Nylon6 chips overseas  market 2,050 $/ton 2,050 $/ton
Nylon6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 13,150 yuan/ton 13,800 yuan/ton +650
Nylon6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market 13,450 yuan/ton 13,750 yuan/ton +300
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market

PET-Bottle-Grade – Petrochemicals

22,000 yuan/ton 23,200 yuan/ton +1,200
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 15,300 yuan/ton 16,100 yuan/ton +800
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 17,750 yuan/ton 18,250 yuan/ton- +500
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  16,100 yuan/ton 16,600 yuan/ton +500
Spandex 20D  domestic  market 39,000 yuan/ton 39,000 yuan/ton
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 34,000 yuan/ton 34,000 yuan/ton
Spandex 40D  domestic  market 31,000 yuan/ton 31,000 yuan/ton
Adipic Acid domestic market 8,900 yuan/ton 9,050 yuan/ton +150
Benzene domestic market 7,620 yuan/ton 8,830 yuan/ton +1,210
Benzene overseas  market 901 $/ton 910 $/ton +9
Ethylene South East market 1,000 $/ton 1,000 $/ton
Ethylene NWE  825 $/ton 798 $/ton -27
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market 9,500 yuan/ton 9,800 yuan/ton +300
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market

PET-Bottle-Grade – Petrochemicals

1,500 $/ton 1,500 $/tn
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 17,800 yuan/ton 17,800 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 14,200 yuan/ton 13,880 yuan/ton -320
PP Powder domestic market
7,520 yuan/ton 7,720 yuan/ton +200
Naphtha overseas market  670 $/ton 654 $/ton
Phenol domestic market 9,780 yuan/ton 10,220 yuan/ton +440

PET-Bottle-Grade – Petrochemicals

Biobased-PEF – PP-Bottle – Techtextil 13-09-2022

Biobased-PEF – PP-Bottle – Techtextil

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Avantium : Biobased PEF Shows Low CO2 Footprint

Peer-reviewed study by nova-Institute of Avantium’s PEF would result in significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions.

Biobased-PEF - PP-Bottle - Techtextil

Within the last couple of years, we have reported on the progress made by Amsterdam-based technology company in renewable chemistry Avantium with its plant -based PEF (polyethylene furanoate). This year alone, we reported on the company’s plans to start-up the world’s first commercial FDCA (2,5-furandicarboxylic acid), the main building block of PEF, in 2024. We also reported that the company has signed offtake agreements with both the global brewery group Carlsburg and the Brazilian brewing company AmBev for the securing of fixed volumes of PEF produced by the new plant.

More recently, the nova-Institute conducted a peer-reviewed Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of PEF applications within the framework of the European PEFerence project.

The study demonstrated that the use of 100 % renewable carbon in PEF instead of fossil carbon in PET for producing 250 ml and 500 ml bottles would result in significant reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Plant-based carbon has a net-neutral impact on the CO2 concentration in the atmosphere. In contrast to this, materials and polymers based on fossil carbon from underground, release additional CO2 into the atmosphere. Biobased-PEF – PP-Bottle – Techtextil

Avantium’s YXY technology converts plant-based sugars into a fully recyclable polymer. The new 100 % bio-based polymer, PEF has been shown to have superior performance properties compared to PET. Its main building block FDCA can be produced from sugars (fructose), for example from wheat, corn and sugar beet. FDCA is polymerized with plant-based MEG (mono-ethylene glycol) to make a 100 % plant-based PEF polymer. When fully technologically developed, PEF can also be produced from cellulose and thus from agricultural and forestry waste streams. Avantium’s current process utilizes starch from European wheat.

PEF has enhanced barrier properties compared to PET, it is mechanically and chemically recyclable and can also be recycled within the established PET recycling. PEF has a 53.6 F/12 C higher heat resistance than PET, a 60 % higher modulus and greater strength than PET. This allows the developing of lightweight packaging from PEF with lower resource requirements. Avantium has already implemented this innovative, plant-based packaging material on a pilot scale and recently started the construction of a 11 million lb/yr FDCA flagship plant in Delfzijl (the Netherlands). The nova-Institute’s peer-reviewed full cradle-to-grave LCA conducted according to the ISO standards 14040/44 indicates a significant reduction potential in greenhouse gas emissions and use of fossil resources of PEF compared to PET.

A critical peer-review of the study, including experts of LCA methodology and incumbent packaging solutions, verified that the LCA met the requirements for methodology, data, interpretation, and reporting. The LCA evaluated 16 different impact categories covering all relevant life cycle stages from cradle-to-grave. The comparative analysis showed that PEF bottles would result in significant Institute for Ecology and Innovation 2 reductions in greenhouse gas emissions (-33 %) compared to reference PET bottles.

Biobased-PEF - PP-Bottle - Techtextil

-Sinochem inaugurated its new compounding factory in China

Sinochem International, a leading company in the chemical sector in China, inaugurated its new compounding factory in Yangzhou on 18/8/22, said the company.

This new plant is an important milestone in Sinochem International’s industrial strategy in the field of engineering plastics. Hongsheng Liu, General Manager of Sinochem International, said: “The operation of the Yangzhou compounding plant has opened a new chapter in the industrialisation strategy of Sinochem International for ABS and modified materials.

In terms of ABS, we forecast a vigorous development in China of home appliances, electronic devices, automobiles and other relevant markets, with special focus on the mid and high-end market requirements”. Biobased-PEF – PP-Bottle – Techtextil

The new plant is located in the Yizheng Chemical Industrial Park, Yangzhou, and it is planned to build an annual capacity of 56,000 tons of ABS and PC modified materials in two phases. The plant will be operated by Sinochem Engineering Plastics (Yangzhou) Co., LTD., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Sinochem International Corporation.

The first phase of the project, which has just started its operations, has an annual capacity of 24,000 tons of ABS and modified materials. The second phase, with a capacity of 32,000 tons, is scheduled to start production in 2023.

In 2019, Sinochem International formally entered the ABS field through the acquisition of Europe’s leading ABS and ABS blends manufacturer, ELIX Polymers (ELIX).

ELIX, headquartered in Spain, has more than 45 years of experience in the ABS business, with a strong market share in the European specialty ABS market. ELIX Polymers is an ABS and blends producer, well known and recognised as a benchmark in European and American markets. ELIX offers specialised and innovative solutions with best-in-class services across different industries such as automotive, healthcare, consumer goods, appliances, electro & electronics and toys.

The operation of the Yangzhou new factory is a relevant step forward in increasing ELIX’s global footprint, supporting its growth in the China market. Local production of ABS, PC/ABS and PC blends through Sinochem Engineering Plastics under ELIX brand, will enable the plant to serve the China market locally with innovative, high-quality, customised and sustainable products and services.

Sinochem inaugurated its new compounding factory in China

-Freudenberg companies at Techtextil

Following their merger, Freudenberg Performance Materials, Low & Bonar, Mehler Texnologies and Filc will be presenting innovative solutions at a joint stand for the first time at this year’s Techtextil exhibition from June 21-24  in Frankfurt (Hall 12.1, stand C51).

The focus is on sustainability and among highlights are Evolon RE, a microfilament textile for a wide variety of applications and markets, Filflex, a sustainable padding material for car seat covers, and the Polymar 8556 Eco CF truck tarpaulin.

Evolon RE is a more sustainable version of the company’s high-performance microfilament nonwoven. It is manufactured from an average of 70% recycled polyester which the company makes by recycling post-consumer PET bottles in-house and available for various applications including technical packaging in weights currently ranging from 80-300gsm.

For high-tech wiping, lightweight Evolon RE is now available starting from a weight of 30gsm. Biobased-PEF – PP-Bottle – Techtextil

Mehler’s Polymar 8556 Eco CF tarpaulin material provides both protection of the cargo and advertising for the transport company via graphics. The material has a 25% share of recycled raw materials in its coating mass and is made with 100% recycled polyester yarns.

Filflex is a soft and flexible padding layer made from nonwovens for automotive and furniture seat covers. It prevents leather from creasing and improves the dimensional stability of seat covers.

Biobased-PEF - PP-Bottle - Techtextil

-Lummus accelerates CO2 reduction goals through air preheater innovation

Lummus Technology, a global provider of process technologies and value-driven energy solutions, announced major advancements to the Lummus External Air Preheater (LEAP) technology, said Hydrocarbonprocessing.

The latest innovations can significantly reduce CO2 emissions from cracking heaters at ethylene plants as well as other fired heaters.

“Lummus is committed to decarbonizing our entire technology portfolio, and these advancements underscore the continued progress we are making in meeting our commitments,” said Leon de Bruyn, President and Chief Executive Officer of Lummus Technology. “This announcement builds on Lummus’ recent launch of the industry’s first net zero ethane cracker, plus other innovations, that will help operators and producers lower emissions from their investments.” Biobased-PEF – PP-Bottle – Techtextil

Now available for commercial use, the LEAP technology can be applied to both new and existing heaters to help decarbonize some of the most carbon intensive petrochemical manufacturing processes.

For more than half a century, Lummus has designed and supplied a wide range of fired heaters and heat exchangers for the petrochemical and refining industries, which include refinery heaters, steam superheaters, heaters for delayed coking units and steam reformers, and SRT® (short residence time) pyrolysis heaters for ethylene production.

As per MRC, Lummus Technology announced two major technology awards from Fujian Eversun New Material Co., Ltd. Fujian Eversun selected Lummus’ CATOFIN technology for a new 900,000 tpy propane dehydrogenation (PDH) unit and Lummus’ Novolen technology for a new 800,000 tpy polypropylene unit at its complex in Fujian Province, China.

Lummus accelerates CO2 reduction goals through air preheater innovation

-Focus on high-performance in Shanghai

China has remained the number one destination for textile machinery worldwide.

Monforts will highlight its technologies for special technical textile applications at this year’s ITMA ASIA + CITME which takes place at the National Exhibition and Convention Center in Shanghai, China, from November 20-24.

From its headquarters in Mönchengladbach, Germany – home also to the Advanced Technology Center which offers customers and potential customers the opportunity to carry out extensive trials in real production conditions – to its Montex factory in St Stephan, Austria, where special machines have been manufactured for more than 35 years, Monforts continues to stake its reputation on a commitment to being always helpful, accurate, fast and reliable. Biobased-PEF – PP-Bottle – Techtextil

“Diversification is the key in today’s competitive textile market and we can provide modern and future-oriented range configurations and technologies from a single source to allow our customers to produce unique and highly-differentiated new products,” says Gunnar Meyer, Monforts area sales manager for China.

One special development is the Montex 8500 XXL stenter system for the production of technical fabrics in widths of up to 6.8 metres. Among the products made on this system are treated nonwovens for the geotextiles and filter media markets, tarpaulins, advertising banners, black-out curtains, membranes and many more.

Focus on high-performance in Shanghai

-Renewably Sourced, Foam-Core PP Bottle on Display at K 2022

Borealis Renewables PP bottle uses MuCell foaming technology in its core layer.

Borealis is displaying an extrusion blow molded PP bottle made from waste and recycled vegetable oils, which has a green solid exterior, white solid interior, and foamed middle layer produced with Trexel’s MuCell technology. Biobased-PEF – PP-Bottle – Techtextil

Borealis is showing next month at the K 2022 show in Düsseldorf a three-layer coextrusion blow molded bottle made from Bornewables PP derived solely from waste and residue streams such as byproducts of vegetable oil production and waste cooking oil. The bottle has a green solid outer layer and white solid inner layer. In between is a microcellular foam layer produced with MuCell technology from Trexel, which recently acquired rights to pursue extrusion blow molding applications in packaging and other markets beyond its original foothold in automotive (see September Starting Up). Foaming offers lightweighting and energy savings, Borealis notes, and the foamed bottles are fully recyclable.

Biobased-PEF - PP-Bottle - Techtextil

-Self-Sterilizing Plastic Film Kills Viruses Using Ordinary Light

The first-of-its-kind material is highly effective at neutralizing viruses such as COVID-19, is cheap to produce, and can be easily scaled.

A self-sterilizing low-density polyethylene (LDPE) film containing nanoparticles of titanium dioxide kills viruses, such as COVID-19, when exposed to an ordinary light source. The first-of-its-kind material costs little to produce, can be easily scaled, and could be used for disposable aprons, tablecloths, and curtains in hospitals.

The thin coating absorbs UV light and produces reactive oxygen species (ROS), which kill viruses, said researchers at Queen’s University Belfast. The technology used to create the film also ensures it is degradable, unlike the current disposable plastic films it would replace, added the scientists.

They claim that the breakthrough could lead to a significant reduction in the transmission of viruses in healthcare environments. “This film could replace many of the disposable plastic films used in the healthcare industry, as it has the added value of being self-sterilizing at no real extra cost,” said Professor Andrew Mills. “Through rigorous testing we have found that it is effective at killing viruses with just room light — this is the first time that anything like this has been developed and we hope that it will be a huge benefit to society.”  Biobased-PEF – PP-Bottle – Techtextil

Other applications where extruded plastic film is used, such as food production, may also benefit, according to the researchers.

The self-sterilizing plastic film was tested for anti-viral activity against four different viruses — two strains of influenza A virus, a highly-stable picornavirus called EMCV, and SARS2. The film was exposed either to UVA radiation or light from a cool white light fluorescent lamp. The researchers found that the film is effective at killing all of the viruses, even in a room lit with just white fluorescent tubes.

In controlled laboratory conditions, about one million virus particles were placed on the self-sterilizing plastic, far more than would be needed to start an infection, said the BBC in its reporting on the research. “It goes from one million viruses down to nothing, and we can see an effect in less than one hour and maximum death in two hours,” Dr Connor Bamford of the school of medicine at Queen’s University Belfast told the BBC.

Self-Sterilizing Plastic Film Kills Viruses Using Ordinary Light

-Koksan to build a new R-PET chemical recycling plant

Koksan PET Packaging Industry Co will build a new 300 tonne/day chemical recycling plant using continuous polycondensation technology from partner Polytex to chemically recycle polyethylene terephthalate (PET) for use in bottle and textile applications, said the company.

The continuous polycondensation line will sit next to Koksan’s two existing PET resin production lines, located in Gaziantep. The company will use glycolysis to turn PET into bis-hydroxyethyl terephthalate monomer (BHET), which then be turned into high-viscosity polymer to make recycled PET (R-PET).

The R-PET will be mixed with virgin PET on an 50/50 basis to produce preforms for use in the bottling sector.  Biobased-PEF – PP-Bottle – Techtextil

It was not stated if the chemically recycled material will be for domestic use or exported to other countries. The EU currently does not recognise chemically recycled material as contributing towards its target of 25% recycled content in all PET beverage bottles by 2025.

PET polymers are created by ester linkages between monomers. In glycolysis, a transesterification catalyst is used to break the ester linkages, which are replaced by hydroxyl terminals. This produces BHET and PET glycozates. These can be reacted with aliphatic diacids to make, amongst other things, polyester polyols, which are in turn used in polyurethane (PU) foams.

Koksan to build a new R-PET chemical recycling plant

Biobased-PEF – PP-Bottle – Techtextil

Petrochemicals – Water-soluble-PVA 12-09-2022

Petrochemicals – Water-soluble-PVA 12-09-2022

Petrochemicals – Water-soluble-PVA

-PET-Bottle-Grade – Petrochemicals

Petrochemicals - Water-soluble-PVA

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Europe chemicals markets ‘starting to collapse’ on faltering demand

Shifting market fundamentals are changing the landscape of Europe’s chemicals sector, with demand falling sharply and the lack of buying appetite characterising negotiations.

The focus has pivoted from pressure on supply chains to meet the clamour for material; after the traditional summer slowdown, European producers have returned to find demand is muted as inventory levels remain high. Petrochemicals – Water-soluble-PVA


Gas supplies in Europe remain under threat, which in turn is pushing up production costs.

Coupled with weak demand, this is leading to some manufacturers opting to slow production.

“Markets are starting to collapse. The only good thing is that we are all sitting in the same boat,” said one acrylonitrile (ACN) buyer.

This sentiment was echoed across the ACN market with both buyers and producers talking of reducing run rates in the fourth quarter.

“We are now thinking of supplies for next year and have started talks with suppliers. It is going to be a tough year for them,” said another ACN buyer.

“Those product routes that are a couple of synthesis steps away from refinery were affected the most, for the time being at least. But it will not stop the impact also on products higher up the value chain,” said Oliver Schwarz, analyst at Hamburg-based Warburg Research.

“It will just take a bit longer for this to happen.”

This sentiment is echoed by the pessimistic sentiment characterising the olefins markets, with no pickup in demand expected for September.

The can could be kicked even further down the road.


An integrated olefins player said it was having discussions to decide what to do, arguing it could try to reduce offtakes and postpone into next year.

“But everyone wants to postpone. Maybe there are some works that can be done, so plants can be shut down,” it added. Petrochemicals – Water-soluble-PVA

Propylene appears keenly impacted by the current dynamics, with one derivatives producer saying it has considered cutting production completely at one European site during November and December.

Another propylene derivatives producer said that they had already reduced run rates in August, but added there was no signs of a recovery and, in turn, it may have to pull back even further for the rest of the year.

“The gas and electricity prices kill the business. We have already had the first businesses closed or insolvent. Sentiment is at an all-time low,” the propylene derivatives producer added.

Europe chemicals markets ‘starting to collapse’ on faltering demand

-Netherlands is the largest exporter of plastic waste in Europe

Last year, the Netherlands was the country in the European Union that exported the most plastic waste to countries that may not be able to process it properly, the Plastic Soup Foundation reported Friday after its own investigation. According to the foundation, the country therefore plays a major role in “the shadowy trade in plastic waste.”

Globally, only Japan and the United States exported more plastic waste to countries that were not part of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development in 2021. These are countries that often do not have the right infrastructure to properly process that waste, such as Indonesia, Vietnam and Malaysia. In many cases, the waste is dumped in the open air and incinerated, after which harmful substances and plastic residues can affect the environment and human health.

The Netherlands exported a total of 200 million kilos of waste, of which 70 million kilos went to Indonesia and 64 million to Vietnam. The Plastic Soup Foundation has mapped the numbers using a database of import and export information from nearly 200 states or regions of the world.

According to the foundation, the export of plastic waste to vulnerable countries is only increasing, even if the rules are tightened. “In 2021, there was even more than a doubling compared to 2020.” According to the foundation, it is unclear why the export of plastic waste is increasing. Petrochemicals – Water-soluble-PVA

Netherlands is the largest exporter of plastic waste in Europe

-Plan it green: The plastic bag that dissolves in water, degrades in soil 

A first of its kind, the organisation, which piloted in 2019, assumes even more significance in light of the recent ban on single-use plastic in the country.

Last year Kavitha Ranjan found herself at sea after her father passed away. Not only was she dealing with a great personal loss, but was also faced with the responsibility of taking forward her father’s crusade to save the environment.

A software engineer by profession, Kavitha is realising her late father VS Veerasami’s dream of pioneering a viable alternative to throw-away plastic by spearheading Greenplast, a Coimbatore-based start-up that has created a biodegradable alternative to plastic carry bags in the form of dissolvable non-toxic, water-soluble bags and pellets. A first of its kind, the organisation, which was piloted in 2019, assumes even more significance in light of the recent ban on single-use plastic in the country.

“Water-soluble packaging is the best alternative for most single-use plastic items. We want to make a change by creating awareness about plastics, one bag at a time,” says Kavitha. Made using water-soluble polymer PVA, processed starch, vegetable oil derivatives and other non-plastic additives, their products ellets, films and bio bags—dissolve completely in water, both hot and cold, without leaving any traces. Their bags also degrade when put in mud due to the reaction of microorganisms.Petrochemicals – Water-soluble-PVA

“The base for any material that will work as a replacement for plastic, and behaves like plastic, should be a polymer. Our base is the exact blend of PVA and processed starch, apart from other non-plastic ingredients such as vegetable oil,” she says.

The idea to find an environment-friendly alternative to plastic first struck Kavitha’s father in 2013. He was running a wall putty manufacturing business at the time, and was bothered by the plastic waste piling around him. He decided to set out on a mission, seeking ideas and researching extensively to finally launch GreenPlast in 2018.

“For his research, he visited Japan, Germany, Indonesia, Malaysia and China to understand the plastic replacement products and discovered that there is a technology to make daily-use organic bags, but the primary raw materials for manufacturing these bags—biodegradable pellets—are unavailable in the Indian market,” she says, adding that it was this gap that her father wanted to fill.

To figure out the products to create water-soluble pellets that could be used as alternatives to plastic bags, he tried out different combinations of ingredients to finally arrive at industrial starch, water-soluble polymers, and other non-plastic elements. According to Kavitha, the bags do not leave a residue of microplastics as they are totally devoid of plastics.

Plan it green: The plastic bag that dissolves in water, degrades in soil 

-Acquisition of Herbold Meckesheim completed

The acquisition of the engineering company Herbold Meckesheim, has formally been completed. Herbold Meckesheim will be integrated with Coperion’s recycling product lines into its new Recycling Business Unit that plans to offer complete solutions for plastics recycling processing.Petrochemicals – Water-soluble-PVA

Coperion intends to combine its strengths as an international industrial and technological leader with Herbold Meckesheim, a specialist in mechanical recycling of plastics and plastic waste, and together they will form a united business approach. Herbold Meckesheim will continue to operate at its existing location and retain its name. Both companies will combine their capabilities in the field of recycling and integrate to build modular systems and plant solutions that cover a broad sector of the circular economy, as well as large sections of the globe with their combined sales and service network.

The Recycling Business Unit plans to offer complete solutions leveraging both Coperion and Herbold Meckesheim’s complementary technologies. From mechanical processing — shredding, washing, separating, drying, and agglomerating of plastics — to bulk material handling, feeding and extrusion, as well as compounding and pelletising, this Business Unit encompasses the complete process chain.

With their combined global service network that supports installations and startups, competent and rapid service is also available on site, states the company. Additionally, state-of-the-art test centers for product development as well as customer trials are available to customers. Before interested parties make significant investments, they can undertake in-depth testing of every process step in the test labs.

Petrochemicals - Water-soluble-PVA

-VPET USA, LLC Establishing Operations in Spartanburg County

VPET USA, LLC, a leading manufacturer of wide-mouth polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles and containers, announced plans to establish operations in Spartanburg County. The company’s $10.8 million investment will create 40 new jobs.

Founded in 2001, VPET USA, LLC manufactures custom and stock PET containers for the nutrition, food and beverage, personal care, pharmaceutical and health care industries. As a worldwide PET packaging leader, the company produces a vast portfolio of Bisphenol-A (BPA) free PET bottles and wide-mouth jars. VPET USA, LLC offers a quick, effective and flexible approach to manufacturing PET plastic containers – providing its customers a distinct advantage for choice, quality and speed to market.

Located at 861 Victor Hill Road in Greer, VPET USA, LLC’s Spartanburg County operations will initially serve as a blow molding and injection molding facility to supply key customers in the Southeast. Petrochemicals – Water-soluble-PVA

The new facility complements four strategically located manufacturing facilities in California, Illinois and Texas, as well as in-house production facilities in various locations around the globe.

Operations are expected to be online in October 2022. Individuals interested in joining the VPET USA, LLC team should visit the company’s careers page.

The Coordinating Council for Economic Development has awarded a $150,000 Set-Aside grant to Spartanburg County to assist with the costs of building improvements.

Petrochemicals - Water-soluble-PVA

Prtrochemicals – Water-soluble-PVA

-Lyondell Basell New CirculenRenew Polymers for Primary Pharmaceutical Packaging

LyondellBasell together with Röchling Medical have announced a step forward towards their ambition to advance the circular economy. The companies created eye drop containers made by Röchling Medical using CirculenRenew polymers.

LyondellBasell CirculenRenew polymers offer a variety of polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene (HDPE and LDPE) grades that are equivalent to virgin resin quality. LyondellBasell CirculenRenew gradesupport the use of renewable feedstocks from bio-based sources that are not in competition with food sources.

This is an important milestone for Lyondell Basell which has an ambitious goal of producing and marketing 2 million metric tons of recycled and renewable-based polymers by 2030

LyondellBasell and Röchling have collaborated closely to find the right grade for Röchling’s eye drop containers.Petrochemicals – Water-soluble-PVA

After several trials, the project team has chosen a Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) not only because of its high purity, which is necessary for pharmaceutical applications, but also because it was ideal for use in blow molding.

“In such a highly regulated environment as the pharmaceutical industry, driving change towards more sustainable solutions for primary packaging is a challenge, ” says Grit Pasche, Röchling Group’s global director quality & regulatory affairs. “Therefore, CirculenRenew was the right choice for us. These renewable-based polymers offer the same properties as fossil-based alternatives in terms of product performance.”

This advancement is possible via the principle of mass balancing. The International Sustainability and Carbon Certification (ISCC) Plus certification provides traceability of the renewable content along the supply chain and verifies that the mass balance accounting follows predefined and transparent rules.

Petrochemicals - Water-soluble-PVA

-Reliance Industries acquires polyester firm for ₹1,592 crore. See full details

Shubhlaxmi Polytex Ltd produces polyester fibre, yarns and textile-grade chips through direct polymerisation as well as extruder spinning with value addition through texturising. It has a continuous polymerisation capacity of 2,52,000 tonnes per year.

The Reliance Industries- Shubhlaxmi Polytex Ltd deal is subject to approval of the Competitiorn Commission of India (CCI) and the respective lenders of SPL and SPTex.

Billionaire Mukesh Ambani’s Reliance Industries Ltd has acquired polyester chips and yarn manufacturer Shubhalakshmi Polyesters Ltd for ₹1,592 crore, the company said in a stock exchange filing.Petrochemicals – Water-soluble-PVA

“Reliance Petroleum Retail Ltd (under name change to ‘Reliance Polyester Ltd’), a wholly owned subsidiary of the company, today executed definitive documents to acquire polyester business of Shubhalakshmi Polyesters Ltd and Shubhlaxmi Polytex Ltd for cash consideration of ₹1,522 crore and ₹70 crore respectively, aggregating to ₹1,592 crore by way of slump sale on a going concern basis,” the firm said.

The deal is subject to approval of the Competitiorn Commission of India (CCI) and the respective lenders of SPL and SPTex.

The acquisition will strengthen the textile manufacturing business of Reliance.

Reliance Industries acquires polyester firm for ₹1,592 crore. See full details

-Polyester Follows Fish from Sea to Table

Japanese company develops process for recycling polyester fishing nets.

Teijin Group announced development of a process aimed at diverting discarded polyester fishing nets from landfills, which add up to 1300 tons of waste/yr in Japan alone.

The process begins with the cleaning and drying of used fishing nets, which removes odors left over from its life at sea. Petrochemicals – Water-soluble-PVA

Organic solvents are then used to remove coatings from the polyester.

To improve heat resistance and durability, the polyester is processed with other recycled plastics.

The resulting resin pellets can be used for products such as stationery and food trays.

Polyester Follows Fish from Sea to Table

Petrochemicals – Water-soluble-PVA

Biocomposite – Indo-Rama – rPET 10-09-2022

Biocomposite – Indo-Rama – rPET 10-09-2022

Biocomposite – Indo-Rama – rPET

-Indo Rama Synthetics gets into an expansion mode

To have operational efficiency and better controls, 39 DTY machines are being envisaged towards balancing equipment for value-addition in a new subsidiary, Indorama Ventures Yarns Private Limited

Indo Rama Synthetics (India) Ltd. (Indo Rama) has approved an expansion plan of Rs 600 crore towards the addition of balancing equipment for value-addition and diversifying into 700 TPD PET resin manufacturing facility at its Butibori plant. The capital expenditure of PET resin business is being envisaged in Indorama Yarns Private Limited, wholly owned subsidiary of the company. To have operational efficiency and better controls, 39 (initially 50) DTY machines are being envisaged towards balancing equipment for value-addition in a new subsidiary, Indorama Ventures Yarns Private Limited, incorporated on July 5, 2021.

The commercial production for the growth projects is likely to be started in a phased manner up to the fourth quarter of the financial year 2022-23. Incorporated in 1986, Indo Rama has emerged as one of the largest dedicated polyester manufacturers in India. With more than three decades of market presence, it is India’s most cost-efficient polyester producers. The company’s investments in innovation and capacity expansion allow it to integrate value for its large customer base. Biocomposite – Indo-Rama – rPET

Indo Rama has an integrated production facility in Butibori, near Nagpur, Maharashtra. The company has clocked turnover of Rs 3,901.13 crore during FY 2021-22. Commenting on this development, Chairman and Managing Director Om Prakash Lohia said, “We believe polyester will be the ‘fibre of future’, which encouraged us to foray into this business with confidence. Our well-defined quality and process management systems have enabled us to enjoy global presence.”

Biocomposite - Indo-Rama - rPET

-BMW and Mini to release models with vegan interiors

For 2023, BMW is planning to release its first vehicles with entirely vegan interiors, following the development of materials that benefit from leather-like characteristics. The fully vegan interiors will be an option for both BMW and Mini models.

As the OEM seeks to achieve climate neutrality by 2050 – helped by the reduction of CO2 emissions over a vehicle’s entire lifecycle – choosing the right materials at the build stage is crucial because replacing raw materials which originate from animals can significantly increase sustainability.

The new material will also be used for covering steering wheels and is said to have a high level of wear resistance and durability. Additionally, the vegan material looks the part, with the only distinguishable feature between itself and leather being a different grain effect.

By utilizing the material for steering wheels, the traces of raw materials of animal origin used for components within BMW and Mini vehicles will drop to less than 1%. The BMW Group states that these types of material – such as gelatin used for protective coatings, lanolin in paints, tallow as an additive in elastomers and beeswax as a flux for paints – will only be found in areas that are not visible to customers.

“With a steering wheel made from a high-quality vegan surface material, we are fulfilling the wishes of our customers who do not want to make any compromises in terms of look, feel and functionality,” said Uwe Köhler, head of development for body, exterior trim and interior, BMW Group. “The innovative material withstands wear and tear caused by abrasion, perspiration and moisture and has all the desirable properties of leather.”

BMW and Mini to release models with vegan interiors

-INEOS Styrolution introduces range of new sustainable ABS specialty solutions

  • Mechanically recycled “Novodur® ECO MR”
  • Bio-attributed “Novodur® ECO B”
  • Mechanically recycled “Novodur® ECO High Heat MR”

Frankfurt, September 8, 2022 – INEOS Styrolution, the global leader in styrenics, has today announced the introduction of a comprehensive range of sustainable solutions for its specialty ABS [1] product group Novodur®/ Novodur® High Heat addressing applications in a range of industries including automotive, electronics and household. The individual grades come with a significant product carbon footprint (PCF) saving of up to -71% as compared to the respective non-ECO product reference [2].

Mechanically recycled Novodur ECO MR [3]

Like its non-ECO counterpart, the new Novodur ECO MR P2H-AT is a general purpose ABS grade providing high flowability, good stiffness and high gloss. The material is available with a 30%, 50% or 70% post-consumer mechanically recycled content (“PCR [4]”). The product comes in various colours or in black and offers a PCF saving of up to 57%. A product for self-colouring is available as well.

Novodur ECO MR P2H-AT is currently under evaluation by various customers to become a material of choice for various household appliances.

Mass balance based bio-circular Novodur ECO B [5]

With Novodur ECO B P2MC B50 and Novodur ECO HD M203 FC B50, INEOS Styrolution offers two grades with 50% contribution of bio-attributed content. Both grades are available in various colours and as an NR (natural) option. PCF savings are up to -71%.

Novodur ECO B P2MC B50 has been designed specifically for electroplating making it a material of choice for various sanitary and automotive appliances. Novodur ECO HD M203 FC B50 is an attractive offering also suitable for the medical industry.

Mechanically recycled Novodur ECO High Heat MR [6]

The Novodur High Heat (HH) family of products includes all ABS products modified to allow thermally stressed components to meet stringent stability requirements. Today, three sustainable grades are introduced in this product group: Novodur ECO HH-106 MR30, Novodur ECO H605 MR30 and Novodur ECO H801 MR40. PCF saving is up to -28% and the recycled content is 30% and 40%, respectively.

The products, available in black, are targeting the automotive industry, but may be of interest in other industries as well.

INEOS Styrolution introduces range of new sustainable ABS specialty solutions

-China LDPE demand in 2022 might fall 8% fall, which might be worst yr since 1990 – Asian Chemical Connections

CHINA’S high-density polyethylene (HDPE) and linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) markets are very simple. As each head for his or her lowest ranges of development in 2022 for not less than 20 years, it’s all in regards to the nation’s economic system.

Each the polymers, as with each different chemical and polymer in China, face:

China’s shift away from “development for development’s sake”. Because it makes an attempt to construct a brand new financial development mannequin (we don’t know if this may work), plenty of collateral harm must be anticipated, most notably in the intervening time within the real-estate market, which, because the ICIS information present, has been a significant driver of China’s terribly robust PE demand development because the property bubble started to inflate in 2009.  In August this yr, home costs in practically 70 Chinese language cities declined, based on Reuters. Biocomposite – Indo-Rama – rPET

Within the short- to medium-term, China’s zero-COVID polices will add additional downward momentum to the economic system. China can not afford to scrap the insurance policies due to the restricted effectiveness of its vaccines.

One other issue is rising chemical compounds self-sufficiency, the roots of which we are able to hint again to 2014 when the Chinese language authorities determined to far more closely in home capability. When Beijing says it will do one thing, it normally does it.

As a reminder of an earlier publish, the China Customs and ICIS manufacturing information present that HDPE demand is in line to fall by 4% this yr. The China Customs January-July numbers counsel that HDPE web imports in 2022 will fall to five.6m tonnes from 6.4m tonnes in 2021 AND 8.9M TONNES IN 2020!

LLDPE demand is that this yr on observe to additionally fall by 4%. The January-July China Customs information counsel web imports at 4.7m tonnes versus 5.5m tonnes in 2021 and 6.6m tonnes in 2020.

The story of China’s low-density polyethylene (LDPE) market is extra sophisticated. However, in fact, as I shall describe now, its demand can also be being affected by the brand new macroeconomic fundamentals. Biocomposite – Indo-Rama – rPET

Biocomposite - Indo-Rama - rPET

-Nippon Paper and Mitsui Chemicals Partner to Develop Biocomposite

Nippon Paper Industries Co., Ltd. (Tokyo: 3863; President: NOZAWA Toru)and Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. (Tokyo: 4183; President & CEO: HASHIMOTOOsamu) are set to partner in the development of a new biocomposite with ahigh content of cellulose powder, a woody biomass material.
The two companies intend to develop products and bring them to market at the earliest possible opportunity, with plans to expand into a wide range of fields – including daily necessities, containers, building materials,household appliances and auto parts. Aimed at bringing to market a new biocomposite that offers a high level of industrial stability in terms of both quality and supply, the tie-up will see the partners tap into their stable materials supply chains and leverage the advanced materials manufacturing and development technologies they have cultivated over many years.

  • The new biocomposite

With cellulose powder – a woody biomass material – as its principal ingredient, this new composite will have the same moldability as plastic.

Further, the composite’s use of woody biomass as its main constituent will help to cut greenhouse gas emissions by minimizing the use of fossil-fuel-derived virgin material when compared to ordinary petrochemical resins. This will in turn assist in achieving a zero-carbon society.  Biocomposite – Indo-Rama – rPET

Biocomposite - Indo-Rama - rPET

-PX plant O/R hovers low despite high PX-naphtha spread

Some may have doubt that PX-naphtha spread is relatively good recently, but why PX plant operating rate has not increased but decreased instead in China and Asia.

To look deep into the situation, we need to firstly have a glance at PX production process. PX is directly produced from MX via absorption, separation, and isomerization; or from toluene via disproportionation. Biocomposite – Indo-Rama – rPET

To improve the economics, naphtha is used to produce toluene, MX and then to PX. The further upstream feedstock is crude oil and it is used as raw material to produce PX through several processes such as reforming, etc.

Currently, there’s only one PX plant relying entirely on merchant MX in China, i.e Sinopec HRCC’s second PX plant. However, several PX plants based on naphtha or crude oil still need to buy a part of MX or toluene in the production of PX. Meanwhile, MX, toluene and even naphtha can be used not only to produce PX but also as components in gasoline blending. Therefore, there’s competition in PX and refined oil products such as gasoline in terms of feedstock. It is reflected by the situation in May-Jun, when US gasoline price spiked, and aromatics prices in US and Asia were hence driven up.

China PX plant operating rate could hardly increase recently, and high gasoline prices also have something to do with that.

Biocomposite - Indo-Rama - rPET

-Resin Price Report: New Signs Point to Market Rebound

There are some indications that resin prices will begin to ratchet back up after the Labor Day weekend.

In last week’s column reporting on resin trading activity during the week of Aug. 22, we wondered if resin pricing had found a bottom. That may have been prescient . . . or premature. Reporting on spot resin trading the week of Aug. 29, the PlasticsExchange notes in its Market Update that activity has improved amid volatile pricing, which might ultimately prove to be “bottoming activity.”  Biocomposite – Indo-Rama – rPET

Spot and export pricing initially cascaded lower last week, with high-volume export transactions completed at deeply discounted prices, well below domestic contract levels, writes the PlasticsExchange. This latest export inventory dump came in the wake of resin production cuts, as producers seek to rebalance supply/demand fundamentals. It still needs to be seen whether the big purge of material will be enough to relieve a significant amount of excess resin supplies that have been hanging over the market, pressuring prices lower during this cycle correction.

Some indications that resin prices will begin to rise

The blow-out pricing was not market wide, but rather for very large certified export sales, although there were also some domestic spot polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) railcars that were priced super sharp, writes the PlasticsExchange. By the end of August, the heavy selling had subsided, though there were still some straggling offers that carried into September, including from recent trader purchases looking for a quick flip. Otherwise, few fresh offers were seen later in the week as the new month began, with indications that producers’ asking prices would ratchet back up when market participants returned from the Labor Day holiday weekend. It is worth noting that major cycle changes often occur when long weekends coincide with a new month, creating some distance from recent market conditions. In this case, only time will tell.

Resin Price Report: New Signs Point to Market Rebound

-Phoenix Technologies to expand rPET production

By mid-2023, the company says it expects to double its rPET resin capacity to 140 million pounds.

Phoenix Technologies International LLC, Bowling Green, Ohio, has announced that it will expand food-grade recycled polyethylene terephthalate (rPET) capacity at its facility in Bowling Green with the addition of new extrusion equipment to produce pellets.

Phoenix’s purchase in 2019 by Far Eastern New Century Corp. (FENC), a Taipei City, Taiwan-based company that supplies recycled and virgin PET, has helped to make the investment possible. Biocomposite – Indo-Rama – rPET

Formerly Far East Textile Co. Ltd., FENC began as an underwear manufacturer, according to its website. It now manufactures PET bottles and preforms, PET shrink film, PET roll film and cut sheet and polyester fiber as well as operates a petrochemical and energy business. It has a 1.5-million-ton pure terephthalic acid (PTA) plant in Guanyin, Taiwan, and 3.1 million tons of PTA production capacity overall. FENC also produces monoethylene glycol, or MEG.

After Phoenix’s expansion is completed before mid-2023, the company says it anticipates doubling its rPET resin production capacity to 140 million pounds annually, the equivalent of processing 5 billion bottles per year. The expansion will consist of adding process technology that is known and tested throughout the industry and will allow Phoenix to support increasing customer demand immediately at startup, the company adds in a news release about the expansion.

Lori Carson, market development manager at Phoenix, says the company has been working with its supply partners to ensure it has the sourcing ready to go for the expansion. She adds, “Our parent company, Far Eastern New Century, has installations across the globe, and we will be using all of our capacity to its fullest.”

Phoenix Technologies to expand rPET production

Biocomposite – Indo-Rama – rPET

Graphene – Additives – Recycling 09-09-2022

Graphene – Additives – Recycling 09-09-2022

Graphene – Additives – Recycling

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Over 75% of plastic in Great Pacific Garbage Patch originates from fishing

The non-profit organisation Ocean Cleanup has published new research in the journal Scientific Reports showing that the Great Pacific Garbage Patch (GPGP) is largely composed of fishing-related plastic waste, with 75% to 86% of all plastic waste in the GPGP identified as coming from offshore fishing activity.

Analysis of over 6,000 plastic objects also found that major industrialised fishing nations (including the United States, China, Japan and Korea) are the principal producers of the fishing waste found in the GPGP, an area three times the size of France and the world’s largest accumulation of floating ocean plastic.

At a global level, emissions from rivers remain by far the largest source of plastic pollution into the oceans. However, specifically for the GPGP, this is not the case, and this confirms that the GPGP requires an approach not only involving cleanup and interception; this ‘other source’ of GPGP pollution – i.e., plastic originating from fishing activities – must also be tackled.

The Ocean Cleanup conducted the research on plastic objects and fragments captured in the GPGP during cleaning operations of its System 001/B solution in 2019. Researchers painstakingly investigated the origins, sources and ages of these objects to create the most comprehensive picture of GPGP plastic so far presented, building on The Ocean Cleanup’s previous research, conducted in 2018.

“This research significantly expands our understanding of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch,’ said Matthias Egger, Ocean Plastic Researcher at The Ocean Cleanup. ‘In order to solve this problem we need to understand it, and identifying the origins of GPGP plastic is essential to our cleanup efforts, and the efforts of other organisations, to reduce this other source of pollution.” Graphene – Additives – Recycling

“To stop the inflow of plastic into our oceans, addressing river emissions – the largest source – must remain core priority” said Boyan Slat, founder and CEO of The Ocean Cleanup.

Over 75% of plastic in Great Pacific Garbage Patch originates from fishing

-Haydale’s supplies graphene to NeoEnpla for use in food packaging

Haydale has started to supply South Korean plastics developer NeoEnpla with functionalized graphene nano-platelets (GNPs) for use in food packaging. Functionalized using Haydale’s patented HDPlas® technology, the GNP-enhanced thermoplastic has been used to manufacture an initial sample range of food storage zipper bags and biodegradable plastic bags.

LLDPE and LDPE (low density polyethylene) are widely used in food packaging and are ideal for food storage due to their high resistance to moisture, tearing and chemicals. The graphene-enhanced zipper bags have reportedly shown an increase in tensile strength of 31% compared to non-graphene LLDPE (linear low-density polyethylene) zipper bags. In addition, the increased mechanical strength of the graphene zipper bags allows light weighting of the plastic, reducing the film thickness from 90µm to 60µm per bag.

Since food packaging primarily acts as a barrier to moisture and gases (including contaminants) that ordinarily lead to a reduction in the shelf-life of food, the new graphene-enhanced food storage bags can keep the food fresher for longer thanks to the anti-bacterial, UV and barrier properties of functionalized graphene. The graphene-composites polymer bags demonstrated their own oxygen blocking effect keeping food such as bread, cake and rice containing carbohydrates fresher for longer compared to non-graphene bags. Graphene – Additives – Recycling

Plastic packaging is necessary to maintain the shelf life of fresh food items, reducing food waste by spoilage before use. By ensuring barrier performance is delivered in products that can be recycled or composted, there is the potential for a more sustainable approach to the challenges often faced by producing recyclable materials.

With the increasing demand to reduce single use plastics and increase recycling rates, getting the performance characteristics demanded by the industry is a challenge. To address this, Haydale reported that both recyclable LLDPE and LDPE were evaluated in addition to PBAT (Polybutylene Adipate Terephthalate), a biodegradable polymer that is already seeing increasing demand for its biodegradable properties.

The new biodegradable bags contain a blend of PLA (Polylactic Acid) and PBAT, and enhanced with GNPs, offer increased strength without affecting the compostability of the films.

Graphene - Additives - Recycling

-BRICS expansion – Matter of time

is inevitable in light of developed Matter of time – Opinion – Chinadaily.com.cncountries’ unwillingness to give developing countries greater say in global governance, but will take efforts Graphene – Additives – Recycling

Although BRICS has engaged several other nations under the rubric of “BRICS Plus “and “BRICS Outreach” summits, the group has remained cautious about adding new members.

Lately, however, expanding its membership has become a subject of discussion at the BRICS summits, especially those of 2013, 2017 and 2022 when China was the chair, as it is noticeably in favor of additional members. Russia and South Africa have also become increasingly agreeable though they believe no single nation should be allowed to decide on the new entrants. Brazil and India, on the other hand, are still cautious.

Nevertheless the die has been cast and expansion is bound to happen sooner rather than later. The Beijing Declaration from their 2022 summit, for instance, agreed on “promoting discussions … on the expansion process … to clarify the guiding principles, standards, criteria and procedures” in order to expand cooperation with other emerging markets and developing countries.

This sentiment for expansion was also visible in their 2021″terms of reference” for their Sherpas.

Five new nations could be joining BRICS in 2023 during the presidency of South Africa, which joined the original group of four BRIC countries in 2010.Applications from Iran and Argentina are already under consideration while Saudi Arabia, Turkiye and Egypt have begun the process of applying for membership.

Turkiye, in particular, is keen on fast forwarding the application process. In addition, Algeria, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Sudan, Syria, the United Arab Emirates and Venezuela have also expressed interest in joining. Several of them participated in the May 2022 “BRICS Plus” foreign ministers’ meeting convened by China. Graphene – Additives – Recycling

Among the arguments in favor of expansion, BRICS remains under-represented in global financial governance. Collectively the five members account for more than 50 percent of global growth, 40 percent of global currency reserves, 25 percent of global GDP and 16 percent of world trade, and yet, they hold no more than 15 percent of the voting rights in both the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.

BRICS’ advocating for free, fair and equitable global commerce has made it the flag bearer of the aspirations of the Global South that believes its interests are not adequately protected under the existing global financial governance system. The BRICS’ GDP is set to surpass the G7 economies’ GDP by 2032 if not earlier.

However, the criteria for expansion may not be GDP or market size. The inclusion of South Africa was based on it being the gateway of BRIC into Africa, the next center of growth, and the inclusion of a country from the African continent would make BRICS global.

Graphene - Additives - Recycling

-BASF offers product carbon footprints to its plastic additives customers through myPlasticAdditives

BASF now offers its plastic additives customers product carbon footprints (PCFs) for several antioxidants and light stabilizers as a premium service within the VALERAS™ portfolio. By improving CO2 transparency in the value chain, BASF will support customers in reaching their greenhouse gas emission reduction targets. Using its proprietary digital solution and validated calculations, BASF can now provide cradle-to-gate PCFs. A cradle-to-gate PCF comprises the total greenhouse gas emissions that occur from the extraction of resources through the manufacturing of precursors to the making of the final chemical product itself. Graphene – Additives – Recycling

«BASF aims to achieve net zero emissions by 2050. At the same time, we are continuously working with our customers to help them reach their climate targets. With this digital solution, we create greater transparency with high quality PCFs to enable them to satisfy their customer requests and validate sustainability claims for creating low-carbon plastics,» said Dr. Achim Sties, Senior Vice President, Performance Chemicals Europe, BASF. «We are committed to increasing the sustainability of plastics along the entire polymer value chain and are taking the next step as the first additives producer to offer a broad range of PCFs to the market.»

The PCFs will be available as a premium service through a new online customer portal named myPlasticAdditives. It is a convenient and easy-to-use digital solution to access on demand a broad library of regulatory, sustainability and technical information. This online portal will help customers drive efficiency and improve business processes with BASF support at their fingertips. Registration for an account is available at myPlasticAdditives.basf.com.

The first wave of available calculations includes products in the Irganox®, Tinuvin® and Chimassorb® portfolios; further products will follow. PCFs for plastic additives are part of the VALERAS™ portfolio. Providing customers with new valuable sustainability information allows them to understand the extent to which BASF’s plastic additives materials contribute to the carbon footprint of their final products. With VALERAS, BASF is committed to increasing the sustainability of plastics along the entire polymer value chain with innovative solutions and offerings from its plastic additives business.

BASF offers product carbon footprints to its plastic additives customers through myPlasticAdditives

-GrapheneUP launches next-gen graphene-enhanced formulations for textile industry

Population growth and improved living standards require solutions for textiles with new functions to meet changing needs. Wherever they are used, graphene-based smart textiles provide added value in terms of improved performance or comfort. GrapheneUP®, a leading graphene company with the largest production of few-layer graphene in Europe, has developed and introduced into the market new graphene-based products for textile industry: INKGUP® Fabric and PRINTGUP®. Graphene – Additives – Recycling

INKGUP® Fabric is graphene-based coating formulation for textile industry produced with few-layer graphene GUP®, designed to provide superior finishing properties. This formulation has been certified antiviral (ISO 18184:2019) also for SARS-CoV-2, antistatic and with excellent abrasion resistance and thermal regulation properties.

Several properties of textiles are improved using the formulations developed with GrapheneUP®, in particular the thermal regulation, abrasion resistance, EMI shielding, UV protection, excellent electrical conductivity, antibacterial and antiviral properties.

Graphene - Additives - Recycling

-S Korea to hold talks with US over Inflation Reduction Act

South Korean trade minister Ahn Duk-geun is currently in the US to discuss the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) of the US, which restricts trade freedom given under the US-Korea free trade agreement (KORUS FTA). South Korea, being a friendly partner country has more dependency on the US which is also an important market for Korean textile exports.

South Korea believes that the US law (IRA) violates KORUS FTA, and hence the talks are being considered crucial for the two countries and their trade relation.

The IRA was signed recently, offering tax rebate to each buyer of an electric vehicle (EV) assembled in North America. The rebate will not be available for all EVs imported from outside the North American region, including Europe and south Korea.

The US is an important market for Korean textile exports also. According to Fibre2Fashion’s market insight tool TexPro, the US is among the top four destinations for South Korean garment exports. South Korea’s garment exports totalled $1.962 billion in 2021. The US was the fourth largest importer of Korean clothing with a share of 12.49 per cent. Graphene – Additives – Recycling

As per TexPro, South Korean garment exports to the US increased sharply after a fall during the pandemic. The exports dropped to $174.771 million during 2020, from $215.996 million of the previous year.

Graphene - Additives - Recycling

-MORE Platform will contribute to the PRecycling Project

The European Plastics Converters (EuPC) is one of the seventeen partners of the European project “Plastics Recycling from and for Home Appliances, Toys and Textile (PRecycling)”, funded by the Horizon Europe research and innovation program.

Its objective is to produce high-quality recyclates from plastic waste streams by developing an easy-to-use methodology for sorting, sampling, tracing, recycling techniques, and analysis procedures of both plastic waste streams and recyclates.

The PRecycling will develop new technologies and methods to promote the circularity of plastics, aiming to overcome obstacles from current technologies by designing materials and formulations from recyclable plastic resources, ensuring their quality and safe use, verifying the recyclate content, and at the same time producing new added-value products, both in the closed and open loop. Graphene – Additives – Recycling

The consortium will utilise the MORE Platform when developing tracking, and tracing methodologies that will allow full digitalisation of the recyclates management, through the development of digital traceability systems and complete digital information management via blockchain technologies. In order to achieve these ambitious goals, project partners like BASF, Circularise, Fraunhofer, EuPC, AIMEN, NTUA, AIJU and IRES, will cooperate to deliver novel systems that will be used in the industry.

Among other deliverables, the project will develop and demonstrate standard, robust and easy-to-use sampling and analysis procedures to ensure consistent recyclates quality and safe products. In addition, it will also develop methods for traceability of recyclates to allow the identification of the origin of recycled materials via digital information management, through marking technologies and blockchain approaches.

MORE Platform will contribute to the PRecycling Project

-Cullen Packaging has unveiled the Fibre Bottle, a sustainable alternative to plastic bottles and pouches to accommodate demands from food and beverage and healthcare industries.

The Fibre Bottle is designed for dry goods, and should enable brands producing goods such as vitamins, supplements, dry foods, home care and horticultural products to remove 270m single-use plastic bottles or pouches from shelves per year.

The Scottish innovator said the Fibre Bottle is made from 100% natural matter, recycled cardboard and water, and is biodegradable and compostable, in comparison to its counterpart plastic that will leave a 200-1000 year legacy in landfills.

The Fibre Bottle should be shelf-ready at scale, with Cullen already producing hundreds of millions of moulded fibre bottles for the healthcare sector across 34 countries globally.

Whereas the Fibre Bottle is launched in one design iteration, thanks to Cullen’s bespoke service, the innovator can create any size or colour or any packaging design wanted by Fast-Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) brands. Graphene – Additives – Recycling

Within one month, the firm’s in-house design, engineering and manufacturing teams should be able to create a bespoke moulded fibre alternative for most plastic packaging, of which the Fibre Bottle is the latest example.

Cullen said that, upon approval, the sustainable units can be made affordably and quickly at a commercial scale, so that more brands than ever will be able to seamlessly replace plastic with its sustainable alternatives.

Cullen Packaging has unveiled the Fibre Bottle, a sustainable alternative to plastic bottles and pouches to accommodate demands from food and beverage and healthcare industries.

Graphene – Additives – Recycling

LNG-Qatar – Films – Green-hydrogen 08-09-2022

LNG-Qatar – Films – Green-hydrogen 08-09-2022

LNG-Qatar – Films – Green-hydrogen

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Eni enters world largest LNG project in Qatar

QatarEnergy has selected Eni as a new international partner in the North Field East (NFE) expansion project, said the company.

The Minister of State for Energy Affairs, President and CEO of QatarEnergy, Saad Sherida Al-Kaabi, and Eni CEO, Claudio Descalzi signed a partnership agreement for a new joint venture company during the official ceremony on Sunday.

QatarEnergy will hold a 75% interest while Eni will hold the remaining 25% interest, the company said.

The joint venture will hold a 12.5% interest in the entire NFE project, including four mega LNG trains with a combined capacity of 32 million tons per annum (MTPA).

The NFE project will expand Qatar’s LNG export capacity from the current 77 MTPA to 110 MTPA. ‘A $28.75 billion investment, NFE is expected to start production before the end of 2025 and will deploy state-of-the-art technologies to minimize overall carbon footprint, including carbon capture and sequestration,’ Eni announced.

The agreement marks the completion of a competitive process that started in 2019 and which will run for 27 years. LNG-Qatar – Films – Green-hydrogen

The deal is seen as a strategic move for Eni, expanding its presence in the Middle East while gaining access to a world-leading LNG producer and detaining some of the largest natural gas reserves in the world.

We remind, Eni informs that it has acquired the company Export LNG Ltd, which owns the Tango FLNG floating liquefaction facility, from Exmar group. The facility will be used by Eni in the Republic of Congo, as part of the activities of the natural gas development project in the Marine XII block, in line with Eni’s strategy to leverage gas equity resources. The Tango FLNG, built in 2017, has a treatment capacity of approximately 3 million standard cubic meters/day and an LNG production capacity of approximately 0.6 million tons per year (about 1 billion standard cubic meters/year).

Eni enters world largest LNG project in Qatar

-Trioworld to acquire Quality Films

Trioworld Group has signed an agreement to acquire the British company Quality Films LTD (Quality Films), a strong player in solutions for high-performance stretch film for load security. Quality Films supports customers in the areas of distribution, beverage, food, and other industrial packaging. Seller is a group of private owners consisting of Matthew Nicholson with family and Sonia Griffiths.

Trioworld is very pleased to welcome Quality Films into the Trioworld group. Quality Films is a very strong player in the UK market and have shown strong development over the past years, contributing to safer transportation of goods on UK roads. The company is well-invested, and management is focused on strengthening their offering with circular solutions which is in line with Trioworld’s ambition to be the circular leader in the load security market. LNG-Qatar – Films – Green-hydrogen

“With our joint forces, we will continue to develop in the UK market with focus on sustainable high-performance solutions for load security”, says Per Holtstrand, Divisional President of Stretch Film Division, in Trioworld Group.

“We see Trioworld as a very good owner and partner in developing our business to the next level” says Matthew Nicholson, CEO at Quality Films. “Both parties bring strong knowledge of top-quality products, close customer service, and circular solutions to the market. Together we will be able to create more value for our customers,” Matthew Nicholson continues.

CEO for Trioworld Group, Andreas Malmberg comments: “I’m very happy that Quality Films will join our journey in developing the best circular offering in the market for recycled plastics. Quality Films superior commitment to innovative products and customer support in UK gives a fantastic platform for enhanced growth”.

LNG-Qatar - Films - Green-hydrogen

-Maire Tecnimont awarded contract for renewable hydrogen plant in Portugal

Maire Tecnimont S.p.A. announces that its subsidiary NextChem has been awarded a Pre-FEED engineering services contract by MadoquaPower2X to develop and operate an integrated renewable hydrogen and green ammonia plant located in Sines, Portugal, said the company. LNG-Qatar – Films – Green-hydrogen

The agreement was signed at Gastech at the presence of H.E. Joao Galamba, Secretary of State for Environment and Energy – Government of Portugal. The purpose of the Pre-FEED engineering services includes early studies, technology and process review, modularity and logistics analysis, front end loading of engineering required to undertake the permitting and licensing for the project.

MadoquaPower2X will use renewable energy and 500 MW of electrolysis capacity to produce annually 50,000 tons of green hydrogen along with green ammonia plant capacity of up to 500,000 kt/y with up to 600,000 t/y CO2 emissions avoided in this initial phase. It is the first project to be installed at the future energy and technological hub of Sines with an industrial scale. The consortium is committed to developing, installing and operating the project to the highest environmental and safety standards. It will be located in Portugal, in the Sines industrial zone – ZILS – and will generate economic growth with an activity classified as sustainable according to the latest EU Taxonomy. The project is geared towards the set-up of an export energy carrier value chain between the Port of Sines (Portugal) and Northwest European destinations.

Maire Tecnimont awarded contract for renewable hydrogen plant in Portugal

-Monoethylene Glycol (MEG) Demand to Surge at 5.4% CAGR Amid Burgeoning Demand for Polyester Fibre

Polyester Fiber and PET Film Application to Collectively Account for Over 50% of MEG Sales

Fact.MR’s latest report on the monoethylene glycol market provides a 10-year forecast through 2022 & beyond. The report further explicates crucial dynamics such as drivers, challenges, and opportunities shaping the market. To present the information in a vivid way, the report has been segmented into application, end user, and region.

The global monoethylene glycol market size is estimated to grow from US$ 38.4 Bn in 2022 to US$ 65 Bn by 2032, with sales surging at 5.4% CAGR throughout the forecast period. LNG-Qatar – Films – Green-hydrogen

Rising usage of monoethylene glycol across diverse industries such as textile, packaging, plastic, and automotive is driving demand in the global market.

Over the years, end uses for monoethylene glycol have significantly widened from clothing and other textiles, through packaging to kitchenware, engine coolants, and antifreeze.

It has become a vital ingredient for the production of polyester fibres and film, engine coolants, antifreeze formulations, and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) resins. Thus, increasing demand for these products will continue to propel the global monoethylene glycol market forward.

Monoethylene glycol is being increasingly used in the manufacturing of coolants for automotive engines. The importance of monoethylene glycol-based liquids for automotive heat transfer in vehicle engines has also caught the interest of industry leaders.

Monoethylene Glycol (MEG) Demand to Surge at 5.4% CAGR Amid Burgeoning Demand for Polyester Fibre

-BASF and ARCUS sign agreement on the production and procurement of pyrolysis oil from mixed plastic waste

  • ARCUS plans to start up first commercial pyrolysis plant for mixed plastic waste in Germany
  • Supply of pyrolysis oil from mixed plastic waste enables further expansion of BASF’s ChemCyclingTM business
  • Agreement foresees take-up of up to 100,000 tons of pyrolysis oil per year

BASF SE has concluded a framework agreement for the purchase of pyrolysis oil from mixed plastic waste with ARCUS Greencycling Technologies GmbH, a technology company based in Ludwigsburg, Germany. LNG-Qatar – Films – Green-hydrogen

The two companies want to contribute their respective know-how to the value chain in order to return plastic waste that is not recycled mechanically in the sense of a circular economy and reduce CO2 emissions. ARCUS will supply BASF with pyrolysis oil and expand its capacities in the coming years. BASF will use the oil in its production plants as a raw material for the production of Ccycled™ products.

The ARCUS process demonstration unit built in Frankfurt is the first of its kind on a commercial scale in Germany and produces pyrolysis oil from mixed plastic waste that is not recycled mechanically. “With the guaranteed purchase of the oil produced, ARCUS can build further plants with higher capacity and thus make a significant contribution to closing material cycles together with BASF,” said Daniel Odenthal, Chief Operating Officer of ARCUS Greencycling Technologies. The agreement foresees the take-up to be increased to up to 100,000 tons of pyrolysis oil per year.

“The collaboration with ARCUS underscores BASF’s commitment to conserving resources by using recycled raw materials in the chemical industry and to drive the transition to a circular economy,” said Christoph Gahn, Vice President Chemical Recycling Business & Technologies at BASF. “Partnerships with agile, innovative companies are key to achieving these goals. We are pleased to have found such a partner in Germany in ARCUS, who will be able to supply us with commercial quantities of pyrolysis oil for the production of Ccycled™ products in the future. In this way, we support our customers in achieving their sustainability goals.”

The agreement is another building block in the expansion of BASF’s ChemCyclingTM business, which focuses on the chemical recycling of non-recycled post-consumer plastic waste on an industrial scale. BASF will feed the pyrolysis oil supplied by ARCUS into its production network in Ludwigshafen, replacing fossil resources.

The proportion of recycled raw material is allocated to products manufactured in the Verbund using a mass balance approach. The attribution is checked by an independent auditor. LNG-Qatar – Films – Green-hydrogen

LNG-Qatar - Films - Green-hydrogen

-BASF to Collaborate with Sulzer ChemTech

Germany’s BASF and Swiss-based technology firm Sulzer Chemtech have announced plans to collaborate on finding sustainable solutions for a number of industrial applications, in particular renewable fuels and chemically recycled plastics.

The collaboration will blend Sulzer Chemtech’s capabilities in licensed processing technologies and mass transfer equipment with BASF’s strong position in high-performance adsorbents and catalysts. LNG-Qatar – Films – Green-hydrogen

The companies said they will not only seek to drive the development of innovative, cost-effective chemical processing solutions to improve the conversion of plastic waste into new plastics, but also to reduce the carbon intensity of renewable diesel and aviation fuel.

BASF is already engaged in a number of initiatives aimed at converting plastics waste into secondary raw materials, as well as providing adsorbent and catalytic materials to produce clean and renewable fuels.

The German chemical giant recently launched PuriCycle, a line of catalysts and adsorbents solutions that remove or convert a wide range of impurities in pyrolysis oils, a secondary raw material that can be obtained from chemically recycling plastics waste.

Winterthur-based Sulzer Chemtech, an established licensor of process technologies for renewable fuels and chemical recycling of plastics, also collaborates with other chemicals and plastics industry players to harness resources that can help global producers achieve their net-zero ambitions.

LNG-Qatar - Films - Green-hydrogen

-Toyobo develops ECOSYAR VP001, a transparent vapor-deposition BOPP film: product helps reduce food loss, make polyolefin mono-material packaging

Toyobo Co., Ltd. has developed a new biaxially oriented polypropylene (BOPP) film ECOSYARTM VP001, the first transparent vapor-deposition film ECOSYARTM series product that uses a polyolefin*1 material. Sample will be available by end of 2022 and is scheduled to be launched by the end of September 2023. LNG-Qatar – Films – Green-hydrogen

There is an increasing demand for environmentally friendly food and other packaging materials such as products with functions to reduce food loss and with excellent recyclability for reducing the environmental impact of packaging as sustainable awareness continues to rise around the world. Food packing films, which must meet high functionality standards, are made up of several materials with different properties, such as PET films, aluminum foil and polyethylene films. However, these types of packaging, called multi-layer, are not easy to recycle because they contain multiple materials.

ECOSYARTM VP001 is a high gas barrier film for packaging, made by using Toyobo’s vapor deposition technology with a special high-heat resistant BOPP film. This new product has excellent barrier properties against oxygen gas and water vapor, keeping food contents fresh and extending their shelf life to reduce food loss and waste. The product also has excellent heat resistance. Toyobo plans to promote the replacement of films made from other materials with ECOSYARTM VP001 to make polyolefin mono-material packaging for sterilization and general use.

Toyobo has already launched products suitable for mono-material, such as a gas barrier BOPP film DP065 *2 for dry application and OLYESTERTM, a polyester film with a heat-sealing function. Toyobo is committed to helping realize a sustainable society by supplying eco-friendly products. LNG-Qatar – Films – Green-hydrogen

LNG-Qatar - Films - Green-hydrogen

-Unifi New – Consensus Indicates Potential 83.7% Upside

Unifi New found using ticker (UFI) now have 3 analysts covering the stock with the consensus suggesting a rating of ‘Buy’. The target price ranges between 28 and 16 and has a mean target at 20.67. Now with the previous closing price of 11.25 this now indicates there is a potential upside of 83.7%. The 50 day MA is 13.39 and the 200 moving average now moves to 17.25. The company has a market cap of $204mThe potential market cap would be $374m based on the market concensus.

Unifi, together with its subsidiaries, manufactures and sells recycled and synthetic products in the United States, China, Brazil, and internationally.

Its polyester products include partially oriented yarn, textured, solution and package dyed, twisted, beamed, and draw wound yarns in virgin or recycled varieties; and nylon products comprise virgin or recycled textured, solution dyed, and spandex covered yarns. The company also provides recycled solutions made from pre-consumer and post-consumer waste, such as plastic bottle flake made from polyester, and polymer beads and staple fiber made from polyester or nylon.  LNG-Qatar – Films – Green-hydrogen

It offers recycled and synthetic products primarily to yarn manufacturers, knitters, and weavers that produce fabric for the apparel, hosiery, home furnishings, automotive, industrial, and other end-use markets.

LNG-Qatar - Films - Green-hydrogen

LNG-Qatar – Films – Green-hydrogen

Biosuccinium – Recycled-content 07-09-2022

Biosuccinium – Gas-crisis – rPET 07-09-2022

Biosuccinium – Gas-crisis – rPET

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Gas crisis: Moscow is not winning and the war will not block green energy, three false truths to be dismantled
You could have more energy, and cleaner, and avoid writing checks after checks, making yourself a little less dependent on Russia. This is happening in Europe, one step away from the worst gas crisis since the postwar period. And as the gas crisis continues to affect households, businesses and entire economies around the world, it’s important to separate facts from false truths. Fatih Birol, executive director of the International Energy Agency, entrusted the Financial Times with a speech in which he makes three key points clear: “There are three narratives in particular on the current situation that I believe to be wrong and in some cases dangerous: the first is that Moscow is winning the energy battle. The second is that the current global energy crisis is a clean energy crisis. The third is that the current emergency is disrupting the fight against climate change “.
In reality, Birol points out in his intervention in the Financial Times, today’s crisis can help accelerate the transition to a cleaner and safer energy future. Certainly difficult challenges await us starting this fall. But that doesn’t mean that Russia is winning or that efforts to tackle climate change are doomed forever. Biosuccinium – Gas-crisis – rPET
Gas crisis: Moscow is not winning
On the first point, Fatih Birol’s analysis in the Financial Times on the current gas crisis is without appeal for Moscow. The invasion of Ukraine – he writes – whatever the final result, will be a lost war for Moscow, which has proved to be an unreliable partner, cutting off supplies to the EU under the most diverse pretexts. Russia is undoubtedly a major supplier of energy and the increase in oil and gas prices triggered by the conflict has led, for now, to an increase in its energy revenues. But the short-term gain will be more than offset by the loss of confidence and markets it will face in the future. While, by accelerating energy diversification, Europe can escape any present and future energy blackmail. In the long term, regardless of the outcome on the ground, Moscow will have lost its main customer and strategic partner.
And we come to the crux of the sanctions. To those who argue that they do not produce effects, Birol replies that by doing so, the medium-term impacts on the Russian oil and gas sector are not considered. This particularly concerns its ability to produce oil and transport gas. An increasing share of Russian oil production was destined to come from more complex fields, including offshore, arctic or otherwise difficult to recover. “The absence of Western companies, technologies and service providers due to sanctions – writes Fatih Birol on Financial Times – involves substantial risks for the country’s ability to exploit these resources ”.
Furthermore, the Kremlin focused on liquefied natural gas as the main tool to diversify its exports, moving away from its strong dependence on Europe. “Before the invasion of Ukraine, Russia’s stated goal was to export 120-140 million tons of LNG per year by 2035, at least four times the current level. This now appears to be a distant prospect without partners and above all international technologies. The expansion plans of the Russian LNG are now at stake ”.

Gas crisis: Moscow is not winning and the war will not block green energy, three false truths to be dismantled

-Moscow, ‘Italy pushed to economic suicide by the US’
“Rome is driven to economic suicide by the Euro-Atlantic sanctioning frenzy”, and the result will be that Italian companies will be “destroyed by the ‘brothers’ from overseas”, since American companies today “pay seven times less for electricity than the Italian ones “. This was stated in a post on Telegram by the spokeswoman of the Russian Foreign Ministry Maria Zakharova.

“Sanctions have become an instrument of unfair competition” against Italian producers, adds Zakharova, according to which “when Italian companies collapse, they will be bought cheaply by the Yankees”.

Biosuccinium - Gas-crisis - rPET

-Technip Energies Buys DSM’s Biosuccinium Technology

French engineering and technology company Technip Energies has boosted its sustainable chemicals portfolio with the purchase of DSM’s biosuccinium technology. Financial terms were not disclosed.

Technip said it will be the only technology licensed on the market for producing bio-based succinic acid, which is a feedstock for manufacturing polybutylene succinate (PBS), a sustainable packaging material for food contact applications.

“This addition to our growing sustainable chemicals portfolio will allow Technip Energies to license a solution for the production of a bio-sourced and biodegradable polymer, which has a 50% lower carbon footprint compared to fossil-based routes,” said Bhaskar Patel, senior vice president, sustainable fuels, chemicals and circularity at Technip Energies. “Superior product properties, combined with best-in-class sustainability performance, are key attributes in today’s consumer market. Biosuccinium – Gas-crisis – rPET

We shall leverage the whole PBS value chain, where we already license the technology for the polymerization of the bio-sourced monomers into PBS.”

Biosuccinium - Gas-crisis - rPET

-Company takeover in Eastern Europe: Greiner Packaging buys Serbian PET flake producer ALWAG

In acquiring a Serbia-based producer of PET flakes, Greiner Packaging is broadening its portfolio of businesses and adding the first recycling company to the group. The purchase of ALWAG, which will be renamed Greiner Recycling d.o.o., sees Greiner expand its business model by additionally entering the business of reprocessing recyclable materials.

The acquisition of ALWAG is a direct reflection of Greiner Packaging’s exhaustive efforts to boost sustainability. In purchasing the PET flake producer, Greiner Packaging is pushing ahead with the expansion drive it has embarked on in recent years as well as resolutely pursuing its extensive circular economy goals. The ALWAG takeover means Greiner Packaging now has three locations in Serbia: one recycling company and two manufacturing bases. Biosuccinium – Gas-crisis – rPET

Recycling: an integral part of the business model One of Greiner Packaging’s declared objectives is to maximize the use of recycled material when manufacturing its products. As the first recycling company in the group, Greiner Recycling d.o.o. will help to secure the material streams that will later be converted by Greiner Packaging. This sustainable form of backward integration will ensure a dependable supply of raw materials that are essential to Greiner Packaging continuing to offer customers the reliability they are accustomed to going forward. It is also key to expanding recycling as an integral part of the company’s business model.

“PET is currently the only mechanically recycled material that can be used for food applications. We are strong believers in the potential of PET and, by expanding our expertise, we are actively committed to using this material effectively. As we work toward our sustainability goals, which we pursue consistently through all the business decisions we make, we naturally pay special attention to the possible creation of other r-PET streams in addition to the bottle-to-bottle stream. That would mean that an old PET cup could become a new PET cup in the future,” explains a confident Manfred Stanek, CEO of Greiner Packaging.

Use of PET flakes ALWAG currently supplies its material to customers throughout Europe. Following consultations with these valued partners and a planned expansion of recycling capacity at the site, the flakes will gradually become available for Greiner Packaging’s applications and will be incorporated into its packaging solutions. This means that existing ALWAG customers will continue to benefit from a reliable supply of their usual quantities of recycled material. To incorporate recycled PET into packaging, the PET flakes are extruded and then thermoformed. In the future, injection molding applications will also be considered.Biosuccinium – Gas-crisis – rPET

“The recycling of PET packaging and bottles is a project we began 10 years ago as pioneers in Serbia. It has always been our ultimate goal to produce an end product made entirely of recycled PET material that can then be converted. This new ALWAG product is now no longer being developed by us, but by new owners whom we have carefully selected and have full confidence in. We are convinced that our vision will be successfully pursued thanks to the new owners, their commitment to the Nova Gajdobra site, and the additional investments in downstream technological processes. This step makes sense for everyone involved and will take the company’s success to even greater heights in the future,” comments Stojan Dangubić, former director of ALWAG and executive director of Aling-Conel.

Company takeover in Eastern Europe: Greiner Packaging buys Serbian PET flake producer ALWAG

-Eni eyeing Egypt as a gas supplier to Europe

The Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi met with the Italian oil and gas company Eni’s CEO Claudio Descalzi on 30/8/2022 to follow up on Eni’s activities in the country and the areas of common interest and collaboration, said the company.

The two sides had extensive discussions about further boosting natural gas flows to Europe from several Egyptian assets.

Tactical Report has prepared a 254-word report to shed more light on El-Sisi- Descalzi meeting and Eni’s plan in Egypt.

The parties elaborated on Egypt’s vision of becoming a regional gas hub, leveraging existing LNG plants. Eni currently produces about 60% of total gas in the country. The company is committed to supporting gas production increase through an ambitious exploration and development campaign.Biosuccinium – Gas-crisis – rPET

This will foster, through the Damietta liquefaction plant, LNG export toward Europe. Eni has recently been awarded from the last bid round five new licenses located in prolific basins that could enable a fast-track development leveraging the nearby existing facilities.

In the light of energy transition, the parties agreed on the opportunity to implement a set of solar and wind power projects, targeting 10 GW of installed capacity in the forthcoming years. Mr Descalzi elaborated also on the strategy to accelerate the decarbonisation and energy efficiency solutions.

Eni has been present in Egypt since 1954, where it operates through the subsidiary IEOC. The company is currently the country’s leading producer with an equity production of hydrocarbons of approximately 350,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day.

Eni eyeing Egypt as a gas supplier to Europe

-UBQ Materials earns European UL 2809 recycled content validation

Technology firm UBQ Materials has received the UL Environmental Claim Validation (UL2809) mark, which confirms that UBQ – a novel thermoplastic made from unsorted municipal solid waste, contains 100% post-consumer recycled content

.The certification confirms that companies and manufacturers can substitute oil-based resins with UBQ to maximize post-consumer recycled content in products.

European plastics industry groups have aligned themselves with the policy proposal from the European Commission to meet mandatory minimum of 30% recycled content in plastic packaging by 2030. Biosuccinium – Gas-crisis – rPET

UBQ Materials is already working with Mercedes-Benz, PepsiCo, and McDonald’s, to reduce the carbon footprint of their end products, maximize recycled content.

Albert Douer, chairman and co-chief executive of UBQ Materials, said: “In light of regulations and taxations, global corporations are running against the clock to assess and implement solutions to fulfill ambitious ESG commitments. There is an urgent and growing demand for quality post-consumer recycled content materials that support these goals.

UBQ Materials earns European UL 2809 recycled content validation

-RGE is developing closed-loop textile-to-textile recycling solutions

Singapore-based viscose giant Royal Golden Eagle (RGE) is creating what it says are the first-of-their-kind closed-loop textile-to-textile recycling solutions, to speed up innovation in textile recycling that CAN be used in urban environments.

Through the recently established RGE-NTU Sustainable Textile Research Center, RGE is creating the solutions (RGE-NTU SusTex). RGE and Nanyang Technological University in Singapore are working together on this research project for five years (NTU). The research center will generate new eco-friendly and sustainable textiles by developing innovative ways to convert textile waste into fiber.

The goal is to overcome the inadequacies of present textile recycling methods, which are unsuited for urban settings owing to the usage of heavy chemicals, and handle the “immense” textile waste created in urban areas as a result of waste material import prohibitions.Biosuccinium – Gas-crisis – rPET

According to Perry Lim, executive director of RGE, said that environmental regulations prevent the use of current textile recycling methods, which rely largely on a bleaching and separation process utilizing heavy chemicals. The pressing need to keep textiles out of the overflowing landfills is there at the same time. They strive to accelerate closed-loop, textile-to-textile recycling as the largest manufacturer of viscose in the world by creating the best urban-fit solutions that can move society closer to a circular textile economy.

The majority of the textile recycling methods now in use, according to RGE, are open-loop systems in which textile waste is generally downcycled into lower-quality products (insulating materials, cleaning cloths, etc.) or utilized in waste-to-heat recycling.

Lim adds that the development of closed-loop chemical recycling techniques for textiles, in particular, is ongoing. The technologies still need to be scaled up to an industrial level. The requirement for feedstock purity criteria for recycling textile waste into fiber is a major barrier. However, the majority of the clothing we wear is a complicated blend of synthetic and natural fibers, making it difficult to separate the ingredients for efficient recycling. Their goal is to find practical solutions that can be scaled up throughout their worldwide operations and that utilize less energy, fewer chemicals, and create less harmful effluents in order to address this industry’s pain point. Biosuccinium – Gas-crisis – rPET

RGE is developing closed-loop textile-to-textile recycling solutions

-Making Home Charging Stations Safer with Flame-Retardant PA

Cable connectors made of halogen-free, flame-retardant polyamide (PA) 6 from Lanxess features enhanced tracking resistance, processability.

In addition to their use in battery and electric powertrain applications, engineering plastics also have great application potential in the charging infrastructure for electric vehicles. This particularly applies to wall-mounted charging stations.

Wallboxes must be very safe because they are used inside buildings such as parking structures or private garages. The material selection criteria are correspondingly strict.

One plastic that meets these high requirements is the halogen-free, flame-retardant Durethan BKV20FN01 from Lanxess.Biosuccinium – Gas-crisis – rPET

The polyamide (PA) 6 compound is used to make charging cable connectors manufactured by Leopold Kostal GmbH & Co. KG, a global supplier of automotive, industrial, and solar electrics as well as electrical contact systems. The charging cable connectors are used in Kostal’s Enector wallboxes, which are distributed via Kostal Solar Electric, as well as in wallboxes from a leading German producer of industrial connector systems and charging solutions for electromobility.

In addition to their use in battery and electric powertrain applications, engineering plastics also have great application potential in the charging infrastructure for electric vehicles. This particularly applies to wall-mounted charging stations.

Wallboxes must be very safe because they are used inside buildings such as parking structures or private garages. The material selection criteria are correspondingly strict.

One plastic that meets these high requirements is the halogen-free, flame-retardant Durethan BKV20FN01 from Lanxess. The polyamide (PA) 6 compound is used to make charging cable connectors manufactured by Leopold Kostal GmbH & Co. KG, a global supplier of automotive, industrial, and solar electrics as well as electrical contact systems. The charging cable connectors are used in Kostal’s Enector wallboxes, which are distributed via Kostal Solar Electric, as well as in wallboxes from a leading German producer of industrial connector systems and charging solutions for electromobility.

High glow-wire resistance Biosuccinium – Gas-crisis – rPET

“The key arguments for using our material in this application are its high tracking resistance and flame-retardance based on the halogen-free flame retardant package.

It is also easy to process and produces components with a high surface quality,” explains Bernhard Helbich, Technical Marketing Manager, Key Accounts, at Lanxess.

The PA compound meets the UL V-0 rating at a test specimen thickness of 0.75 mm.

Biosuccinium - Gas-crisis - rPET

-China Sinopec lowers hydrogen development target for 2025

Chinese refiner Sinopec Corp is aiming to build 120,000 tonnes of annual hydrogen filling capacity for 2025, it said on Friday, 40% below the goal set a year ago.

The hydrogen capacity targets mostly the transportation sector as the state oil and gas major builds hydrogen filling stations alongside its vast network of petrol stations.

Sinopec said in a news release that it would expand making hydrogen via electrolysis powered by renewable sources in addition to the more traditional refining and chemical processes. Biosuccinium – Gas-crisis – rPET

It did not give a reason for the target revision but said it will “proactively and orderly” expand its hydrogen business.

Early this week a top company executive said the firm had by the end of June built 83 hydrogen filling stations and another 13 were under construction, making it the world’s largest among oil companies.

Biosuccinium - Gas-crisis - rPET

-Vietnam boosts foreign investment attraction in country’s automotive industry

Vietnam will move to attract large enterprises and corporations with high technology, said Nguyen Anh Tuan, deputy director of the Ministry of Planning and Investment’s Foreign Investment Agency.

At the same time, the country will prioritise investment projects in high technology, supporting industry, and digital economy innovation, especially in the automotive industry and to create favourable conditions for Vietnamese enterprises to participate in the value chain, according to Vietnam news agency (VNA).

Nguyen Thi Thu Ha, general director of Invest Global, said that with a population of nearly 100 million people and favourable natural and geographical conditions, Vietnam had great potential in the automobile industry.Biosuccinium – Gas-crisis – rPET

She added that this was also an industry that the Vietnamese government prioritised developing, with the expectation of building a strong Vietnamese auto industry and making important contribution to the economy.

It reported that however, compared with other countries in the region, the number of Vietnamese suppliers in the auto industry was still very small, and only a few domestic suppliers could participate in the supply chain for automobile manufacturers and assemblers in Vietnam.

Dang Hoang Mai, a representative of the Vietnam Institute of Strategy and Policy for Industry and Trade, said that Vietnam has the potential to develop the electric vehicle (EV) market in the future because the current car ownership rate of Vietnam was at 23 cars per 1,000 people. This figure was only equal to 10 per cent of Thailand and 5 per cent of Malaysia.

With increasing income levels and improved infrastructure, sales and output of the auto industry are forecasted to grow in 2021-2030.

However, contrary to the trend of rising car consumption, enterprises operating in the auto industry, especially the auto manufacturing supporting industry, did not grow as expected, said Mai.

The localisation rate for personal cars with up to nine seats is low at less than 20 per cent of which Thaco reaches 15 to 18 per cent. Toyota Vietnam is the highest at 37 per cent (for Innova models). Biosuccinium – Gas-crisis – rPET

Biosuccinium - Gas-crisis - rPET

Biosuccinium – Gas-crisis – rPET

Russian-oil – PET -Ny-Tyre-Cord 06-09-2022

Russian-oil – PET -Ny-Tyre-Cord 06-09-2022

Russian-oil – PET -Ny-Tyre-Cord

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Adler Industrial Solutions acquires R&D/Leverage

Adler Industrial Solutions, Inc. announced it has acquired R&D/Leverage, Co. This transaction marks the third acquisition by Adler in the past year and gives the company expanded scale, a broader capability set, and European manufacturing facilities that serve a global customer base.

Headquartered in Lee’s Summit, Missouri, R&D is a leading manufacturer and supplier of mould types for the food and beverage, personal care, and healthcare markets. Founded in 1975 by Ivan and Ardith Drienik, the company was a pioneer in developing complex tooling solutions for the injection moulding and blow moulding industries. Today, R&D has over 250 employees split between its 180,000-square-foot and 60,000-square-foot manufacturing facilities in Lee’s Summit, Missouri, and Nottinghamshire, England, respectively.

“The acquisition of R&D is a milestone addition for Adler. The capabilities and skillsets of the R&D team are second to none and will only further raise the core competencies of the Adler group,” said Philipp Gruner, CEO of Adler. “Adding adjacent markets such as blow moulds, injection stretch blow moulds, preform moulds and higher complexity injection system moulds to our capabilities allows Adler to offer more services to our existing and future customers while expanding our geographic reach within the United States and internationally.”  Russian-oil – PET -Ny-Tyre-Cord

As a part of Adler, R&D will benefit from additional resources and investment.

Ardith Drienik said the acquisition is the ideal pathway forward for the company that she and her husband, Ivan, founded and dedicated their lives to building.

Adler Industrial Solutions acquires R&D/Leverage

-Price cap on Russian oil may lower discounts, widen buyer pool: Vitol’s Muller

  • G7 countries agree to finalize deal on price cap
  • OPEC+ needs to take heed of Iran nuclear talks
  • Lack of spare capacity creates `risk premium’

The G7 countries’ agreement to finalize and impose a price cap on Russia’s crude exports may diminish its current discounts against global benchmarks and widen the pool of buyers of its oil, the head of Vitol Asia said on Sept. 4

Register Now G7 countries agreed Sept. 2 to “urgently” finalize and implement a price cap on imports of Russian oil as part of efforts to hit Moscow’s vital oil revenue and ability to fund the war against Ukraine. Russian-oil – PET -Ny-Tyre-Cord

“The markets where most Russian crude oil is flowing and will now flow once the sanctions take further effect later this year will be spread out more widely,” Mike Muller told the Gulf Intelligence daily energy webcast.

“So, the discounts we are currently seeing in place for Russian crude oil and product exports will possibly diminish at the same time that more participants are brought into the fold.” Russian-oil – PET -Ny-Tyre-Cord

Finance ministers from Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the UK and US said Sept. 2 they “commit to urgently work on the finalization and implementation” of the prohibition of maritime transportation of Russian-origin crude oil and petroleum products globally unless the oil is purchased at or below a price cap. The G7 announcement came a day after Russia’s top OPEC+ negotiator, Alexander Novak, said the country will refuse to supply oil to countries or companies imposing proposed price caps, adding that none of its partners in the oil exporters group supported price restrictions on Russian crude.

World needs Russian oil

No detail of the price cap level or timing was given by the G7 ministers, who said they aimed to align the implementation of the cap with the timeline of measures in the EU’s sixth sanctions package which bans most Russian oil imports by early 2023.

EU sanctions on Russian-related services such as the financing and tanker insurance also go into effect Dec. 5.

Currently Russian crude trades at a discount to global benchmarks, which has helped Moscow attract buyers in Asian countries including India and China.

The world cannot live without Russian oil and parallels between sanctions on Russia and Iran cannot be drawn due to Russia’s ability to produce around 11% of the global oil supply.  Russian-oil – PET -Ny-Tyre-Cord

“A way must be found to allow Russian oil to continue to flow into markets because unlike the inventory build of gas in Europe…that does not apply for oil,” said Muller.

“We have to bear in mind that Russia’s production is a much larger number than Iran’s production, so we can’t draw parallels about sanctions taking effect in Russia in the same way as Iran because Russia has capacity to produce 11 million b/d of oil.”

Iran deal odds

However, oil markets and OPEC+ need to take heed of the potential lifting of US sanctions on Iran and the return of more barrels from Tehran amid the resurgence of talks since mid-August about a nuclear deal. The US administration of Donald Trump withdrew from the 2015 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, infuriating Iran and complicating efforts to export its crude without the threat of sanctions.

“The whole of the mindset around will there or will there not be Iranian oil in the market is extremely important for OPEC+ to take into account,” said Muller.

“That absolutely matters as we come into the peak demand period for Asia in particular and in terms of the October period where in Asia large NOCs tend to sign up contracts for the next calendar year.”

Odds of a nuclear deal reached this year are “a toss-up,” according to Platts Analytics. Platts is part of S&P Global Commodity Insights.

“Our reference case still assumes an agreement remains out of reach through 2023, but a near-term deal to resuscitate the 2015 JCPOA could lift crude and condensate exports by 1.0 million b/d by March 2023,” Platts Analytics said in a recent note.

Besides Iran, markets are watching for a potential oil output cut by OPEC+ after Saudi energy minister Abdulaziz bin Salman broached the topic in August, citing a disconnect between physical and futures markets.

Potential OPEC+ oil cut

OPEC+ ministers are due to meet Sept. 5 to decide on October production targets.

“The period of price stabilizations after COVID and OPEC+ is also over and there is a big question over the what next,” said Muller.

“By expressing the willingness to take oil off the market in response to either oil coming into the market from Iran sanctions being dropped or from the lack of demand in China due to COVID repression measures serves as a reminder that we are not going to see everybody producing flat out.” Russian-oil – PET -Ny-Tyre-Cord

The market also is dealing with a risk premium due to the lack of spare oil capacity in the market particularly since Saudi Arabia, UAE and Kuwait are likely the only OPEC countries capable of supplying the market with more crude.

Price cap on Russian oil may lower discounts, widen buyer pool: Vitol's Muller

-One of the largest PET recyclers in Northern Europe backed by INVL Baltic Sea Growth Fund acquires Czech fibre producer

PET Baltija, one of the largest PolyEthylene Terephthalate (PET) recyclers in Northern Europe, announced an agreement to acquire a leading Czech fibre producer Tesil Fibres s.r.o, a spin-off of Silon s.r.o. Once closed, this transaction will become one of the largest investments by a Latvian company in the Czech Republic to date.

This vertical integration transaction will subsequently increase PET Baltija’s current revenues by more than 50% while also making it an international company. For Silon, the transaction will enable it to fully focus on both the production and development of the highest quality polyolefin-based performance compounds.

Fibre production has been part of the traditional operations in Planá, Czech Republic dating back to 1966, and being integral part of Silon s.r.o. The operations spun-off to Tesil Fibres encompass country-leading annual staple fibre production capacities of 33 000 tonnes and c. 150 employees. Russian-oil – PET -Ny-Tyre-Cord

Tesil Fibres is a primary supplier to th e European market, covering industries and sectors that include automotive, hygienic, textile and furniture. It is also well known for its high quality standards and last year its fibre division recorded sales of €27million. Salvis Lapiņš, Chairman of the Board at PET Baltija, commented: “This deal will really put PET Baltija on a map as a key international player for the sector. We recognise and are excited by Tesil Fibres’ impressive high growth potential and its dedicated team of professionals. Working closely with the team and other key stakeholders, we plan to develop the company further, accelerating its growth and creating real value for all those involved. By ensuring the supply of best-in- class recycled PET materials, we will look to significantly contribute to the growth of the Tesil Fibres business and add greater product differentiation to it. It is also important to mention that through these developments, the overall volume of recycled PET will also increase.”

Deimantė Korsakaitė, Executive Partner at INVL Baltic Sea Growth Fund and Chairman of the Supervisory Board at PET Baltija, added: “This agreement to acquire reinforces INVL Baltic Sea Growth Fund’s goal to significantly expand PET Baltija through both organic growth and bolt-on acquisition strategies. Since our initial investment, PET Baltija alone has more than doubled its revenue and is on track to finalise an organic growth expansion project that will more than triple its food-grade PET production capabilities. This deal will cement the company as a truly international vertically integrated market player that is committed to sustainability and tackling environmental issues.

This represents a significant development and leads to become a €100million+ revenue company.” Russian-oil – PET -Ny-Tyre-Cord

Russian-oil - PET -Ny-Tyre-Cord

-CENTURY ENKA targets leadership in tyre reinforcement and man-made textile yarns

Century Enka Limited (CEL), is primarily involved in the business of producing Nylon Tyre Cord Fabric (NTCF) for the Tyre industry, High Tenacity Yarn (HTY) for technical textiles and Nylon Filament Yarn (NFY) for the Apparel industry. The company offers a diverse product range of NFY comprising of mono filaments, mother yarn, Fully Drawn Yarn (FDY), Partially Oriented Yarn (POY), drawn textured yarns, dope dyed yarns, TOW, and draw wound yarns. CEL also makes customised tyre cord fabric for reinforcement of tyres, which are used in motorcycles, scooters, Light Commercial Vehicles (LCVs), Heavy Commercial Vehicles (HCVs) and Off The Road (OTR). Russian-oil – PET -Ny-Tyre-Cord

The demand for NFY is on the rise, given their wide ranging applications. Its properties compared to other textile yarns render this material more popular among customers. To strengthen its competitive position in the Tyre Reinforcement market, Century Enka is diversifying into Polyester Tyre Cord Fabric (PTCF) used in Passenger Radial Tyres. Alongside modernising its plant and augmenting capacities is under way.

CEL recently invested Rs. 86 crores, out of which the major portion was spent towards dipping capacity installation and expansion of Nylon Tyre Cord Fabric (NTCF) plant. This capex will significantly increase the capacity at both the plants resulting into increased scale of operations. To achieve the vision of becoming a leading and dependable company in the tyre reinforcement and man-made textile yarn industries, CEL plans to allocate large portion of the capex towards capacity expansion of value-added products such as Nylon Tyre Cord Fabric (NTCF) and Polyester Tyre Cord Fabric (PTCF) in the future. The company’s synthetic yarn capacity is 78,000 tonnes/annum.

CEL produces a broad range of High-Quality Nylon Processed Yarns for diverse application including fish-twines, conveyor belts, etc. The brand name ‘Enkalon’ is a testament to its high quality material, which gives a soft, lustrous and elegant feel to the finished fabric. The nylon processed yarn can be used for various weaving applications on high-speed latest generation machines. CEL spearheaded the introduction of jumbo beams for nylon yarn in India.

The company’s domestic market share for NFY was around 25% while that of NTCF was 23%. Revenue for the financial year increased by 72% year-on-year at ₹2,098 crores.

Russian-oil - PET -Ny-Tyre-Cord

-Ecore to open $25.5 million tire recycling facility in Ozark, Alabama

Ecore International plans to invest $25.5 million to open a regional manufacturing and tire recycling facility in Ozark, Alabama. Ecore transforms reclaimed materials into flooring and surface products.

“Ecore is a great addition for Alabama’s business community, and its decision to locate an advanced manufacturing and recycling facility in Dale County will have a major economic impact on the rural area,” says Alabama Governor Kay Ivey. “This project in Ozark will bring good manufacturing jobs to the citizens there and spark new opportunities throughout the region.” Russian-oil – PET -Ny-Tyre-Cord

As part of the project, Ecore is purchasing an existing building in Ozark, which the company will equip to reclaim the rubber from used truck tires and use the rubber to manufacture flooring and surfacing products.

Ecore CEO Art Dodge says that the company is pleased to be partnering with the city of Ozark, Dale County, and the State of Alabama to establish the manufacturing and recycling facility.

“Since its inception, Ecore has transformed over 2 billion pounds of rubber waste into surfaces that make people’s lives better. All Ecore manufacturing facilities are certified ‘Zero Waste,’ amplifying the company’s commitment to environmental stewardship,” says Dodge.

Russian-oil - PET -Ny-Tyre-Cord

-Enhancing the lives of billions

HeiQ has, since its inception, strictly adhered to its guiding principle of enhancing the lives of billions through innovating sustainable technologies that serve both the planet and its population. The flourishing Indian market with its billion+ people is, by the very nature of these attributes, a country that enjoys a strong focus of the company’s efforts.

HeiQ (LSE: HEIQ) is a leader in textile innovation, having created some of the most effective, durable and high-performance textile technologies in the world. Through improving textiles, HeiQ aims to enhance lives by adding hygiene, comfort, protection and sustainability to the products we use every day. Russian-oil – PET -Ny-Tyre-Cord

A trusted innovation partner for over 300 global brands including Speedo, Patagonia, Coats and Cornelia James, HeiQ has won multiple awards and is renowned for the sustainable downstream effect of its innovations. HeiQ has 14 offices, eight R&D hubs and a network that spans five continents that can cover everything from scientific research to materials manufacturing and consumer branding. For the past decade, HeiQ has collaborated with Intexso Biochem to bring its innovations to the Indian market and is a long-term innovation partner for Arvind Mills, Birla Century, Nahar, Trident, Vardhman and Welspun, to name a few.

Staying one step ahead of the times is where HeiQ excels. Currently much of the world is facing the hottest summer in history, and regardless of global warming, Indians are certain to embrace cooling fabrics. Fabrics powered by HeiQ Cool, the world’s first dual action textile cooling technology, continuously regulate the skin temperature, cooling before the first sign of sweat and delaying the build-up of heat. Instantly cool to the touch, the components synergistically recharge ensuring a consistently cool, dry and comfortable body climate. HeiQ Smart Temp is more widely used on apparels and performance sportswear as it performs excellently with moisture, helping to lower the wearer’s temperature by pushing moisture away. Having been around for a decade and repeatedly approved by 50+ global brands, this technology is applied on hundreds of millions of garments.

Hot conditions also mean challenges to staying fresh and odour free for long durations. HeiQ’s odour control textile technologies include HeiQ Fresh which is a family of highly effective sustainable silver-free technologies with ingredients that are either bio-based or mineral-based. The latest addition to this range is the mint-based solution HeiQ Fresh MNT-01. HeiQ Pure provides antimicrobial odour control for improved comfort, hygiene and freshness. Russian-oil – PET -Ny-Tyre-Cord

Announced end of last year, HeiQ created HeiQ AeoniQ, the world’s first climate positive continuous cellulosic filament yarn. The mission to drastically reduce the carbon footprint of textile manufacturing is now being backed by global brands HUGO BOSS and The LYCRA Company. HeiQ AeoniQ yarn is designed for circularity and will reduce our dependence on oil-based fibres, help decarbonize our planet and reduce the impact of the industry on climate change.

Russian-oil - PET -Ny-Tyre-Cord

-A debut for Chase Plastics’ Recothene at K 2022

Chase Plastics has announced its participation at K 2022 where it will showcase the Recothene rPE range of recycled content solutions for polythene film manufacturers.

Exhibiting at K 2022 is the culmination of a three-year programme of investment that has enabled the development of the Recothene rPE range to meet the demand being generated across Europe by the move towards a circular economy.

Managing Director Johnstone Smith said: “With the transition to a circular economy now underway, we see K 2022 as the ideal platform to demonstrate how Recothene rPE can help polythene film manufacturers contribute to the circular economy and reduce the carbon footprint of their products. Russian-oil – PET -Ny-Tyre-Cord

“The world has woken up to the urgent need to rethink how transit packaging is handled at the end of its life.  The need to break the cycle of disposal via landfill or export is clear. Whether we use or manufacture transit packaging, we all have a part to play. Many businesses can support the transition to a circular economy through ensuring their used polythene is sent for recycling post-use whilst polythene film manufacturers can move from a linear model towards a circular model by reformulating their products to incorporate Recothene.”

Chase Plastics saw demand for Recothene rPE surge in the run up to the introduction of the UK Plastics Packaging Tax in April this year.  Customers introduced Recothene rPE into transit packaging applications at addition rates in excess of 30 per cent, according to Smith, who attributed this success to Recothene’s consistently high quality. Manufactured in an EUCertPlast accredited facility, Recothene is engineered to ensure high levels of processability and compatibility with all extrusion machinery.

A debut for Chase Plastics’ Recothene at K 2022

-Re-engineer your environmental footprint with SHIELDLER Supplement pill bottles

SHIELDLER introduces its Supplement pill bottles and caps made from 100% post-consumer recycled PET, in the latest edition of The Spotlight.

According to the report, humanity now produces more than 200 million tonnes of municipal solid plastic waste annually. This is equal to around 523 trillion plastic straws which if laid lengthwise could wrap around the world approximately 2.8 million times. Unfortunately, the lifecycle of virgin plastic does not end when one conveniently throws it away in the garbage container, but the lifecycle extends far beyond this point, potentially for thousands of years. Russian-oil – PET -Ny-Tyre-Cord

One of the biggest contributors to the staggering levels of plastic pollution is the healthcare and supplement industries especially the supplement packaging industry is under constant scrutiny. Michor Pleijzier, President at SHIELDLER says “Be aware of the hidden costs of virgin plastics and take responsibility. Supplement packaging should focus on recycled & recyclable materials for high-quality products. Do the right thing, planet earth’s price tag is simply invaluable.”

The European Union is trailblazing the sustainable packaging transformation, according to the Eurostat report in 2021, the EU uses recycled plastic at an all-time high at 41.5% which is three times that of the US. In fact, as per the  Accenture report in 2020, half of the inquired consumers are ready to pay a premium for environmental-friendly packaging.

Re-engineer your environmental footprint with SHIELDLER Supplement pill bottles

Russian-oil – PET -Ny-Tyre-Cord

Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET 05-09-2022

Recycled-Polyester- Petrochemicals 05-09-2022

Recycled-Polyester- Petrochemicals

Recycled-Polyester- Petrochemicals

ITEM 29/08/2022 05/09/2022 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 8,900 yuan/ton 8,700 yuan/ton -200
Bottle grade PET chips export market 1,110 $/ton 1,090 $/ton -20
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 7,030 yuan/ton 7,075 yuan/ton +45
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 7,080 yuan/ton 7,150 yuan/ton +70
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market

Recycled-Polyester- Petrochemicals

6,195 yuan/ton 6,675 yuan/ton +480
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 880 $/ton 870 $/ton -10
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 3,990 yuan/ton 4,170 yuan/ton +180
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 490 $/ton 510 $/ton +20
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market 1,069 $/ton 1,037 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 1,049 $/ton 1,017 $/ton -32
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,126 $/ton 1,044 $/ton -82
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 7,980 yuan/ton 7,975 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,450 yuan/ton 7,550 yuan/ton +100
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 9,450 yuan/ton 9,450 yuan/ton
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F 9,050 yuan/ton 9,000 yuan/ton -50
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 8,500 yuan/ton 8,500 yuan/ton
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,620 yuan/ton 7,730 yuan/ton +110
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 11,900 yuan/ton 12,200 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,920 $/ton 1,750 $/ton -170
Nylon6 chips overseas  market 2,120 $/ton 2,050 $/ton -70
Nylon6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 12,850 yuan/ton 13,150 yuan/ton +300
Nylon6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market 13,150 yuan/ton 13,450 yuan/ton +300
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market

Recycled-Polyester- Petrochemicals

21,500 yuan/ton 22,000 yuan/ton +500
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 15,200 yuan/ton 15,300 yuan/ton +100
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 17,700 yuan/ton 17,750 yuan/ton- +50
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  16,150 yuan/ton 16,100 yuan/ton -50
Spandex 20D  domestic  market 39,500 yuan/ton 39,000 yuan/ton -500
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 35,000 yuan/ton 34,000 yuan/ton -1,000
Spandex 40D  domestic  market 31,500 yuan/ton 31,000 yuan/ton -500
Adipic Acid domestic market 9,000 yuan/ton 8,900 yuan/ton -100
Benzene domestic market 7,400 yuan/ton 7,620 yuan/ton +220
Benzene overseas  market 887 $/ton 901 $/ton +14
Ethylene South East market 940 $/ton 1,000 $/ton +60
Ethylene NWE  786 $/ton 825 $/ton +39
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market 8,900 yuan/ton 9,500 yuan/ton +600
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market

Recycled-Polyester- Petrochemicals

1,500 $/ton 1,500 $/tn
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 17,800 yuan/ton 17,800 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 14,200 yuan/ton 14,200 yuan/ton
PP Powder domestic market
7,460 yuan/ton 7,520 yuan/ton +60
Naphtha overseas market  670 $/ton 670 $/ton
Phenol domestic market 9,360 yuan/ton 9,780 yuan/ton +420

Nylon6 – PET – Petrochemicals

Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET 05-09-2022

Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET

Recycled-Polyester- Petrochemicals 

Automotive - PEF-resin - rPET

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-EU energy chief urges China and India to support a price cap on Russian oil

  • China and India have increased their purchases of Russian oil in the wake of Moscow’s invasion of Ukraine, benefiting from discounted rates.
  • The price cap is expected to be ready before early December when EU sanctions on seaborne imports of Russian crude kick in.
  • But market players are still waiting for further details on the exact level of the cap.

The European Union on Saturday urged China and India to join the G-7 initiative to apply a cap on Russian oil prices, saying it is unfair for countries to pay excess revenues to Moscow amid the Kremlin’s war in Ukraine.

The G-7 nations announced Friday that they agreed on a plan to impose a set price on Russian oil.

The policy is designed to reduce the profits that Russia makes from selling oil and acts as another punitive measure against the Kremlin over its onslaught in Ukraine.

Details of how the price cap will work are still being finalized, but energy analysts have raised concerns about this plan, in particular about whether key consumers such as China and India will join in. Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET

China and India have increased their purchases of Russian oil following Moscow’s invasion of Ukraine, benefiting from discounted rates.

When asked whether the EU expects China and India to help with the proposed price cap, Europe’s Energy Commissioner Kadri Simson said: “I think that they should.”

Speaking to CNBC on the sidelines of the G-20 energy meeting in Indonesia, Simson said China and India “are willing to buy Russian oil products while excusing themselves that this is important for their security of supply. But it is unfair to pay excess revenues to Russia.”

“So a cap is giving also the buyers who have not joined our sanctions a chance to receive oil with a fair price, a price where a war factor is not added,” Simson said.

The U.S. said last week that it had constructive talks with India on the matter, according to Reuters, while China reportedly said in July that a price cap was a “very complicated issue.”

‘Huge time pressure’

The price cap is expected to be ready before early December when EU sanctions on seaborne imports of Russian crude kick in. But market players are still waiting for further details on the exact level of the cap.

“The initial price cap will be set at a level based on a range of technical inputs and will be decided by the full coalition in advance of implementation in each jurisdiction. The price cap will be publicly communicated in a clear and transparent manner,” the G-7 said in a joint statement. Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET

The EU’s energy policy chief did not say when the final details will be presented but added that technical work is ongoing. “We are under huge time pressure,” she said, adding that this typically means such steps happen “sooner rather than later.”

Russia has said it will not sell oil to nations that impose a price limit. What’s more, in the wake of the G-7 announcement, Russia’s state-owned energy giant Gazprom said it would not restart flows via the Nord Stream 1 pipeline due to technical issues.

The Nord Stream 1 pipeline, which connects Russia and Germany via the Baltic Sea, was due to reopen on Saturday after three days of technical works.


-Sulzer acquires stake in CELLiCON to scale up renewable biopolymer technology

Fluid engineering specialist Sulzer has partnered with bio-based materials producer CELLiCON to scale up its manufacturing technology for nano structured cellulose – a highly sustainable, plant-based alternative to conventional polymers.

The company said the technology slashes the high costs and environmental footprint associated with nanocellulose, allowing it to be scaled and used as a building block for a wide variety of everyday products, from textiles to glues.

Sulzer added the partnership is part of its strategy to continue its growth in renewables – it has acquired a minority stake in CELLiCON with an option to increase its holding in future.

Cellulose is the most abundant biopolymer on the planet, and it is obtained from renewable plant-based resources. Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET

Its crystalline form, also known as nanocrystalline structured cellulose (nanocellulose), is considered one of the most promising alternatives to conventional polymers which are derived from petroleum oil. The partnership will boost the scale up and commercialisation of nanocellulose as a sustainable alternative.

Nano structured cellulose is a building block for a variety of materials and products such as textiles and high-performance fibres, composities like superglues and coatings, transparent films, and replacements for starch and polystyrene.

CELLiCON has developed groundbreaking technology, known as G2 technology, that strongly reduces the costs, cycle times and environmental footprint associated with the production of nanocellulose, thereby enabling the large-scale adoption of this highly sustainable biopolymer.

Sulzer said it will support CELLiCON in the scale-up and commercialisation of the G2 technology.

It added the collaboration will help CELLiCON achieve its strategic goals and long-term vision while strengthening Sulzer Chemtech’s portfolio of processing technologies for bio-based and renewable feedstocks.

In particular, the solution can be used to further enhance the properties of polylactic acid (PLA), the most used bioplastic worldwide for which Sulzer is the global leader.

Sulzer acquires stake in CELLiCON to scale up renewable biopolymer technology

-Recycled PET Market to Exceed Value of US$ 11.9 Bn by 2031: TMR Study

Transparency Market Research Inc. – Growing demand for recycled PET (RPET) in the manufacture of fibers and food-grade resins has spurred R&D in PET monomer recycling processes. Increasing commercialization of cutting-edge technologies has helped utilized various types of PET waste materials in various applications, thus extending the canvas for players in recycled PET market. The size of the market is projected to expand at CAGR of 7% during forecast period of 2021-2031. Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET

Plastic collection have witnessed a slowdown in recent years due to variability in demands especially synthetic fabrics made of recycled PET. Moreover, there is growing concern of microplastics shedding from these fabrics. On the other hand, the adoption of novel recycling processes has boosted the outlook of recycled PET market. Key players are leveraging the technology for increasing the market share for recycled PET.

Advances in infrastructure for PET bottles recycling has bolstered the revenue prospects in the recycled PET market. Especially in Europe, tons of PET bottles have been collected and recycled. Other developing and developed nations have also ramped up investments in strengthening the infrastructure, which will lead to expansion of the recycled PET market.

Massive Use in Fiber Application to Generate Sizable Profit Streams: Rising application of recycled PET in various types of fibers has propelled revenue growth for market players. The fiber segment held a key share of the global market and is anticipated to gain market share by the end of the forecast period. Fibers made from RPET exhibit several attractive properties, such as offering remarkable protection against moisture and microorganisms.

Rising Demand for PET Bottles to Enrich Market Prospects: Firms are keen on tapping into the vast revenue streams by offering RPET for bottles. F&B brands are keenly producing recyclable PET bottles, which has spurred the sales of recycled PET market. Stridently, 100% RPET bottles have unlocked a vast value-grab opportunity for players in the recycled PET market. The demand for these will help post-resin manufacturers and producers to gain market share for recycled PET market. Thus, commercialization of RPET for food trays and bottles will augment the market value of recycled PET.

Packaging Solutions Based on Post-Consumer Resins Create Vast Revenue Potential: Rise in preference of post-consumer resins recycled PET presents a vast lucrative avenue for industry players in recycled PET market. Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET

The segment held a major share in 2020, and is anticipated to gain shares by the end of the forecast period. Mounting concerns of adverse ecological impacts of plastics pollutions has invigorate consumer demand in the segment.

Automotive - PEF-resin - rPET

-Superior cotton protection with DuraTech

Non-heavy metal antimicrobial is binder-free, non-ionic and fully water soluble.

DuraTech by Microban International is a new antimicrobial additive with superior wash durability designed specifically for cotton applications.

The technology helps to prevent the growth of odour-causing bacteria by up to 99.99% after 75 home launderings, which far exceeds industry standards.

DuraTech addresses the needs of brands and manufacturers for a more durable and sustainable solution through the elimination of heavy metals from the formulation. As well as being a non-heavy metal antimicrobial, it is also binder-free, non-ionic and fully water soluble. These features allow DuraTech to easily integrate into cotton fabrics during normal padding manufacturing processes, with no impact on the appearance or feel of the final cotton product. DuraTech works continuously to protect cotton products from the growth of harmful bacteria, which can lead to unpleasant odours, stains and early product deterioration. Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET

The product will be available to cotton fabric manufacturers and brands in the USA and Asia with turnkey support services for branded partners making antimicrobial cotton products such as sheets and towels for home textiles, hospitality, apparel and more.

“This technology is specifically targeted at cotton substrates and delivers unparalleled antimicrobial product protection and wash durability without relying on the use of heavy metals,” said  Michael Ruby, president of Microban International.

Automotive - PEF-resin - rPET

-BOPET Films on the problems with household flexibles circularity

In this edition of our ‘In Conversation With…’ feature, BOPET Films Europe’s chairman, Steven Davies, discusses the problems with circularity in household flexible packaging, the role that PET currently plays in these applications, and the future of these trends.

You’re of the belief that household flexible packaging has a problem when it comes to circularity. To start us off, could you give us a broad outline of this?

The first point to make is how resource-efficient flexible packaging structures are and we shouldn’t lose sight of the positive role flexible packaging plays throughout its product life cycle, but unfortunately it is true that there are still challenges to address with circularity at the end of life. Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET

The resource efficiency of household flexible packaging relies on a complex mix of materials, inks and adhesives, and when added to the fact that the pack sizes are small and can have a high level of food residue it essentially rules out mechanical recycling as a viable, economic end of life strategy regardless of the mix of plastics used.

I think it is important to assess product sustainability throughout the lifecycle of a product taking into account the impact of production, the performance in use and then the potential end-of-life outcomes.

PET is currently the backbone of about 25% of all household flexible packaging structures, and replacing this with a polyolefin alternative will lead to a significant increase in the use of plastic to get the same level of pack performance. If you consider a property like pack stiffness, you require up to a 60% increase in thickness to get the same performance from a PE film compared to PET.

Another very important factor is that if you design out PET, you lose the ability to incorporate recycled content into food contact applications which of course is the opposite of one of key four pledges in the European plastics pact.

Automotive - PEF-resin - rPET

-Eurozone, UK under ‘recessionary conditions’ as winter storm gathers pace

Economic indicators in the eurozone and the UK are worsening as domestic and overseas demand is weakening, suggestive of “recessionary conditions” for the months ahead, an economist at ICIS said on Thursday.

Kevin Swift, senior economist for global chemicals at ICIS, said the European manufacturing sectors are facing several headwinds in coming months as energy costs rise while supply chain woes and shortages of labour remain.

Earlier on Thursday, the PMI manufacturing indices for the eurozone and the UK showed they contracted in August. Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET

In Asia, China’s manufacturing PMI also showed a contraction for August, while Japan’s expanded.

A positive in both the 19-country eurozone and the UK in August was an easing of input costs for manufacturers, as well as a slowdown in selling prices.

However, they remain at multi-decade highs.

“[In the UK] Production suffered its steepest contraction since May 2020. Input costs and selling price inflation eased further, but is still elevated … [In the eurozone there is] Weak demand as inflation erodes purchasing power and weakened demand overseas,” said Swift.

“Headwinds to European manufacturing are many as the sector struggles under the weight of rising energy costs, supply chain bottlenecks, and shortages of labour. That both the UK and the eurozone are negative are suggestive of recessionary conditions.”

Automotive - PEF-resin - rPET

-War in Ukraine, gas crisis

The war in Ukraine first caused oil price volatility, which increased as surging COVID-19 cases in China led to fresh lockdowns, hitting demand and disrupting supply chains. China is the world’s second biggest economy and largest oil importer.

Now Russia’s decision to reduce flows of natural gas to Europe means the continent has to look forward to a winter of potential rationing, which could hit chemical production. Tightened supply has also sent gas prices soaring, with high costs forcing production cuts, especially in fertilizers.

India is facing a more severe shortage of fertilizers and edible oil amid wide-ranging trade disruptions as the Ukraine war rages on, with financial sanctions tightening on Russia.

Europe’s energy challenge is immense and put into stark relief by the response to Russia’s war in Ukraine. Cutting the ties that bind EU and non-EU nations to Russian gas and oil will be extremely painful this year and in years to come.

This topic page examines the impact of the Ukraine conflict on oil, gas, fertilizer and chemical markets. Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET

Europe’s energy markets witnessed a year of record prices and extreme volatility in 2021. Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has led to more difficult conditions for global markets in 2022.


  • Gas storage over 70% in Europe, winter demand will be 30% higher than rest of year
  • Record shipments of liquefied natural gas (LNG) to Europe so far in 2022
  • LNG plus Norwegian, Algerian, Azerbaijani pipeline imports compensate for Russian supply shortfall
  • Europe LNG processing operating at full capacity
  • Russia resumed flows through Nord Stream I pipeline at low levels, but halted again for maintenance
  • EU plan calls for voluntary 15% cut to consumption, industry may face much tougher reductions

War in Ukraine, gas crisis

-Accelerating Mechanical Recycling: Dow Becomes First To Achieve Traceability and Recycled Content Certification for PE Compounds

Certification granted by AENOR, a top ten global body for management systems and product certification. Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET

Dow announced recently its post-consumer recycled-rich resins, REVOLOOP™, are the first polyethylene (PE) compounds to be certified in accordance with the Standard UNE-EN 15343 for plastics recycling traceability and recycled content. The certification has been granted by AENOR, a global company and the Spanish leader in conformity assessment and extends to all three grades offered by Dow in Europe.

Stop the waste, close the loop

REVOLOOP™ grades are part of Dow’s plastics circularity portfolio and incorporate a high percentage of post-consumer recycled (PCR) material.

The single-pellet solution enables a simpler PCR process integration, meeting the needs of converters, brand owners and sustainable packaging designers, and can be used in a broad range of applications. Providing access to quality, consistent waste streams, and increasing reliability in the waste value chain, the REVOLOOP™ family of PCR-rich resins expand Dow’s sustainable offerings portfolio to help advance a closed loop system for plastic waste.

“REVOLOOP™ represents a tangible step towards realizing our vision for a circular plastics economy,” said Peter Sandkuehler, European Sustainability Director for P&SP. “It exemplifies Dow’s efforts around the world to enable mechanical recycling and the incorporation of PCR in a variety of technologically demanding applications. Such progress will bring all the players in the value chain further in their sustainability journey.”

Certified sustainable production

The UNE-EN 15343 is the European Standard that specifies the procedures needed for the traceability of recycled plastics and covers two schemes: the traceability and characterization in the plastic recycling process, and the minimum content of post-consumer recycled plastic used in the processing of a plastic product.

This certification was awarded following a full independent, external audit to ensure that the control of incoming plastics waste, the traceability in the production processes of recycled material and the percentage of post-consumer recycled material included in the certified products, Dow XZ98612.00 (30%), Dow XZ98615.00 and Dow XZ89169.00 (70%), complies with the requirements set out in UNE-EN 15343 standard.

Therefore, AENOR has verified that the manufacture of Dow’s polyethylene compounds contains up to 70% of post-consumer recycled products, which have either fulfilled their intended purpose or can no longer be used for the purpose for which they were conceived.

Accelerating Mechanical Recycling: Dow Becomes First To Achieve Traceability and Recycled Content Certification for PE Compounds

Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET

Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET 03-09-2022

Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET 03-09-2022

Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-BASF welcomes reclassification of recyclability of coextruded polyethylene/polyamide film structures

The „Stiftung Zentrale Stelle Verpackungsregister” (Central Agency Packaging Register) has reclassified the recyclability of polyamides in the minimum standard for assessing the recyclability of packaging subject to system participation pursuant to Section 21 (3) VerpackG: Since September 1, coextruded polyethylene (PE)/polyamide (PA) film structures have been recognized as mechanically recyclable.

“We appreciate the decision of the Stiftung Zentrale Stelle Verpackungsregister,” said Dr. Rolf-Egbert Grützner, Senior Manager Technical Support for Ultramid® extrusion polyamides at BASF. “”It was time to correct the categorization of polyamide 6 and also the related PA6/6.6 co-polyamides and put them on a solid updated basis.”

As early as June 2021, the independent testing and certification facility cyclos-HTP systematically examined and confirmed the recyclability of PE/PA multilayer films on behalf of BASF.  Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET

The use of coextruded PE/ PA film structures in multilayer films makes it possible to produce very thin films (downgauging), which significantly reduces the use of plastics and also the amount of waste. BASF will present more about the value-adding use of polyamides at the K plastics trade fair from October 19 to 26 in Düsseldorf.

BASF welcomes reclassification of recyclability of coextruded polyethylene/polyamide film structures

-Sabic Launches PP Compounds for Automotive Structural Applications

Two new short-glass-fiber-reinforced polypropylene (PP) compounds feature enhanced melt flow, tensile and flexural strength, and flexural modulus.

Sabic has introduced two short-glass-fiber-reinforced polypropylene (PP) compounds offering enhanced performance and processing for demanding automotive under-hood, exterior, and interior applications. Sabic’s PP compounds G3430X and G3440X are advanced grades that surpass high-performing standard short-glass-fiber materials in melt flow, tensile and flexural strength, and flexural modulus.

The two products give customers new opportunities to raise the performance bar for automotive structural components such as brackets, seat structures, and center consoles. Furthermore, thanks to their thin-wall capability, both materials can be used to design parts with lower mass and weight.  Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET

“Sabic’s world-class development capabilities and dedication to continuous portfolio improvement have yielded these two exceptional materials, which can empower automotive customers to significantly increase the performance of end applications,” said Abdullah Al-Otaibi, General Manager, ETP & Market Solutions. “The launch of these new Sabic PP compounds is an excellent example of our proactive response to customers’ emerging needs. We have set new industry benchmarks for robust performance and thin-wall capabilities in short-glass-fiber polypropylene, providing critical advantages in the face of escalating automotive requirements.”

Sabic PP compound G3430X grade, with 30% short glass fiber, and Sabic PP compound G3440X grade, with 40%, are said to deliver superior physical properties compared with conventional short-glass-fiber PP materials and high melt flow for easy processing. Both grades balance stiffness and impact for optimal performance in structural parts, with G3440X providing a higher degree of stiffness and greater density than the G3430X grade. In addition to offering superior performance compared with other short-glass-fiber PP compounds, these materials may be candidates for the cost-effective replacement of long-glass-fiber PP in certain low-temperature applications.

Sabic Launches PP Compounds for Automotive Structural Applications

-New bio-based Polymer PEF shows low CO2 footprint

The nova-Institute conducted a peer-reviewed Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of the Dutch company Avantium’s PEF (polyethylene furanoate) applications within the framework of the European PEFerence project.

The study demonstrated that the use of 100% renewable carbon in PEF instead of fossil carbon in PET for producing 250 ml and 500 ml bottles would result in significant reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Avantium plans to start-up the world’s first commercial FDCA plant in 2024. FDCA (2,5-furandicarboxylic acid) is the main building block of PEF.

CO2 is absorbed by plants and released at the end of the product life cycle. Plant-based carbon has a net-neutral impact on the CO2 concentration in the atmosphere. In contrast to this, materials and polymers based on fossil carbon from underground, release additional CO2 into the atmosphere. Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET

Avantium has developed a technology (YXY) to convert plant-based sugars into a fully recyclable polymer. The new 100% bio-based polymer, PEF (polyethylene furanoate) has superior performance properties compared to PET (polyethylene terephthalate).

The main building block of PEF, FDCA (2,5-furandicarboxylic acid) can be produced from sugars (fructose), for example from wheat, corn and sugar beet. FDCA is polymerised with plant-based mono-ethylene glycol (MEG) to make a 100 % plant-based PEF polymer. When fully technologically developed, PEF can also be produced from cellulose and thus from agricultural and forestry waste streams.

Avantium’s current process utilises starch from European wheat. PEF has enhanced barrier properties compared to PET, it is mechanically and chemically recyclable and can also be recycled within the established PET recycling. PEF has a 12 °C higher heat resistance than PET, a 60 % higher modulus and greater strength than PET. This allows the developing of lightweight packaging from PEF with lower resource requirements.

Avantium has already implemented this innovative, plant-based packaging material on a pilot scale and recently started the construction of a 5,000-tonnes-per-year FDCA flagship plant in Delfzijl (the Netherlands). The nova-Institute’s peer-reviewed LCA indicates a significant reduction potential in greenhouse gas emissions and use of fossil resources of PEF compared to PET.

Results of the LCA

The nova-Institute performed a peer-reviewed full cradle-to-grave LCA according to the ISO standards 14040/44. A critical peer-review of the study, including experts of LCA methodology and incumbent packaging solutions, verified that the LCA met the requirements for methodology, data, interpretation, and reporting.

The LCA evaluated 16 different impact categories covering all relevant life cycle stages from cradle-to-grave. The comparative analysis showed that PEF bottles would result in significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions (-33%) compared to reference PET bottles. PEF would also lead to 45% lower finite resource consumption of fossil fuels and reduce the pressure on abiotic resources (minerals and metals) by 47 % due to the mechanical properties of PEF enabling light-weighting.

However, PET bottles would outperform PEF-bottles in other impact categories mostly arising from the current feedstock supply. Overall, this represents a benefit because climate change and resource use are among the most relevant environmental impact categories in the current political agenda. They are driving the transition from fossil to renewable carbon. Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET

Multilayer bottles

In addition to monolayer PEF bottles, PEF can also be used for multilayer packaging. Multilayer bottles can be an option when the required shelf life cannot be guaranteed by monolayer packaging. PEF offers a good passive barrier for O2 and CO2 and could potentially contribute towards reducing the environmental footprint of packaging solutions by increasing the shelf life of products, enabling a reduction in the weight of packaging, and by improving recyclability.

In this LCA, 250 ml PET/PEF multilayer bottles with 10 % of PEF were also assessed and compared to reference PET/PA bottles with a typical 7% of PA (polyamide). The analysis showed that significant reductions of around 37% in GHG emissions could be achieved by replacing the PA layer with PEF, mainly attributed to the recyclability of the PET/PEF system over the non-recyclability of the PA-containing system. This replacement would also contribute to a significant reduction of finite resources demand (-37% and -52% of fossil fuels and minerals and metals, respectively).

Development potential

PEF is a relatively new material and not yet commercially available. PET is a conventional product that has been on the market for over 40 years and is produced in a highly established process that runs close to maximum efficiency at a very large scale. It is expected that the commercialisation and growth of the PEF market will lead to substantial economic, technological, and environmental optimisations covering the full value chain. The impact originating from the plant-based feedstock could also be further reduced by a switch to lignocellulosic feedstocks such as second-generation biomass. This will be tested at Avantium Renewable Polymers in the framework of the BBI-JU PEFerence project, and should confirm that the YXY process can use second-generation biomass when it becomes available at commercial volumes and pricing. An update of the LCA is planned afterwards.

Automotive - PEF-resin - rPET

-Ceresana examines the world market for Masterbatches

Global demand for plastic masterbatches is expected to rise to almost 5.5 million tonnes by 2031, according to Ceresana, which has published the third, completely revised edition of the “Masterbatches” market study.

“Small granules with a big effect: plastics only become colourful, durable and usable through the incorporation of additives. Therefore, granules with a high concentration of colourants, other additives or fillers, so-called masterbatches, are often added to the raw polymers in the production of plastics,” the market research agency said in a statement.

Precise Dosing, Easy Processing

Polyethylene and other thermoplastics can also be modified with powders, pastes or liquids. In comparison, however, masterbatches facilitate processing because granules allow the additives to be distributed more evenly in the raw polymer. Pre-mixed concentrates with precisely defined properties increase process reliability. They also allow the cost-effective purchase of raw polymers in large quantities, which can then be modified for specific applications, the report said.

Colour masterbatches contain pigments or dyes. Additive masterbatches contain, for example, stabilizers, antioxidants, antistatic agents, flame retardants or other plastic additives. Combination masterbatches with different additives are also possible. The concentrates are embedded in a polymer carrier material that is compatible with the plastic to be modified and, for example, complies with the regulations for medical devices, food contact or bioplastics.

Coloured Masterbatches Are in Demand

Currently, granules with white pigments are the most widely used type of masterbatch: In 2021, around 1.4 million tonnes were sold worldwide. The plastics industry primarily uses the white pigment titanium dioxide (TiO2) to colour toys, electrical appliances, automotive parts, furniture and plastic films, for example, but also to protect them against UV radiation. Titanium dioxide is followed by colour masterbatches which include, for example, inorganic and organic pigments, as well as effect pigments.

Automotive - PEF-resin - rPET

-Prices of Volume Resins Drop

Price relief is expected to continue through the fourth quarter for nine major commodity and engineering resins, driven by widespread supply/demand imbalances.

Prices of nine volume commodity and engineering resins had either dropped or were heading downwards at the end of August. Flat or declining prices     were projected through this quarter, barring any major disruptive event, such as a hurricane. The key factors behind this trend include inflation-driven demand destruction across the supply chain, significant supplier inventory buildup, lower feedstock prices and lower exports due to slowed global demand and relatively high prices for North American resins. Logistical issues continued to be an issue, with extended lead times at ports, as well as rail congestion, which has surged demand for ready-to-go truckloads. Very competitively priced imports are yet another factor for certain resins, including PVC, PC and nylon 6.

These are the views of purchasing consultants from Resin Technology, Inc. (RTi), senior analysts from PetroChemWire (PCW), CEO Michael Greenberg of The Plastics Exchange, and Scott Newell, executive v.p. of polyolefins at  distributor/compounder Spartan Polymers. Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET

PE Prices Sinking

Polyethylene prices in August were poised to drop by 6¢/lb, with potential for another, more modest drop in September and flat pricing this month, according to David Barry, PCW’s associate director for PE, PP and PS; Robin Chesshier, RTi’s v.p. of PE, PS and nylon 6 markets; and The Plastic Exchange’s CEO Michael Greenberg.

These sources noted a significant buildup in supplier inventories as a slowdown in domestic demand followed the slump in exports. They noted that PE suppliers, which have been consistently running plants at high operating rates (>90%) over the last few years, were planning to throttle back production. Dow, for one, announced that it would cut its operating rates globally by 15% “due to supply-chain issues.” RTi’s Chesshier noted that while other suppliers expected to scale back production rates, some also had opted for earlier planned plant maintenance shutdowns.

PCW’s Barry ventured that demand was likely to improve globally this month but noted that there was concern among some market participants about the impact of new capacity being brought on by PE “newcomer” Shell. At the end of August, Greenberg characterized spot-market activity as “uninspired,” with buyers holding off on large orders in anticipation of lower prices. “Some processors were out seeking prime truckloads for immediate shipment at offgrade railcar pricing, but suppliers seemed more disciplined not to cave to these offers,” he reported, also noting there was plenty of prime PE available for export at deeply discounted prices.  Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET

PP Prices & Demand Slipping

Polypropylene prices in July dropped by a total of 7¢/lb – 4¢ of that in step with propylene monomer and 3¢ in lower profit margin for suppliers. August prices were expected to move up 1¢ to 2¢/lb along with monomer, according to PCW’s Barry, Spartan Polymers’ Newell, and The Plastic Exchange’s Greenberg. However, these sources anticipated further “non-monomer” margin reductions though year’s end.

Automotive - PEF-resin - rPET

-Evergreen orders additional extrusion lines for Ohio rPET facility

The company says the added capacity makes the Clyde, Ohio, site one of the largest rPET facilities in the world.

Recycled polyethylene terephthalate (rPET) producer Evergreen has confirmed to Recycling Today it has ordered two additional extrusion lines for its facility in Clyde, Ohio.

The completion of production expansion at its Clyde facility in July made Evergreen one of the three largest producers of rPET in North America, with 217 million pounds of annual capacity, but CEO Omar Abuaita says the addition of the two extrusion lines will make the Clyde site the largest rPET facility in the world. Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET

“Out of the two additional lines, one is already on order and we’re working on the sixth line,” Abuaita says.

Prior the to addition, the Clyde facility had an annual capacity of 113 million pounds of food-grade rPET. The two lines add an additional 27 million to 30 million pounds of capacity each, giving the site an annual capacity of up to 173 million pounds.

Abuaita says customers have been eager for the company to up its production capacity even after the $22 million Clyde upgrade, but Evergreen held off until it could secure enough supply to justify the expansion.

“Our customers would love for us to double our footprint and double our throughput,” he says. “We’d love to do that as well, and we’re willing and able, but until we have security of supply, we don’t do that. That’s not our style.”

He adds, “The reason for that is, the way we go about it is we don’t promise customers supply we cannot fulfill and we wait until we secure the raw material. Once we have security of supply of raw material, we are more than able and willing to write a check for another line or another greenfield facility.”

The Clyde expansion began in 2021 and included a 54,000-square-foot addition that can process 11.8 billion PET bottles annually. The investment included $5 million under the American Beverage Association’s Every Bottle Back initiative in partnership with the Ohio Beverage Association and New York-based Closed Loop Partners.

Last year, Evergreen added facilities in Albany, New York; Amherst, Nova Scotia; and Riverside, California. Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET

Evergreen orders additional extrusion lines for Ohio rPET facility

Automotive – PEF-resin – rPET

Recycled-content – CO2 – PLA – Microbes 02-09-2022

Recycled-content – CO2 – PLA – Microbes 02-09-2022

Recycled-content – CO2 – PLA – Microbes

-Infrared makes PET greener in Brazil

Brazilian recycler Global PET expands production with a 4th infrared dryer from Kreyenborg.

Recycled food-grade PET is booming in Brazil. According to a recently published official study, the nominal capacity for PET recycling in the country is around 400,000 tons per year (t/year). From which, about 140,000 t/year are from the only recovered thermoplastic that is approved in the country for direct contact with food and beverages (except mineral water), according to Irineu Bueno Barbosa, Jr., partner and commercial director of recycler Global PET. With its production having increased 60% since 2017, Global PET shows how hungry the market is for recycled food-grade PET.

An important reason for this growth within the last five years for the Sao Paulo-based company has been the introduction of infrared technology (such as the IRD from the German machine builder Kreyenborg) into their existing lines. With Kreyenborg’s system, PET flakes are heated, dried, and crystallized before extrusion.

“We intensively compared conventional heating and drying technologies with that of infrared light some years ago. At the end of that study, the advantages of the IRD were clear, when compared to systems that work without pre-drying before extrusion,” concludes Barbosa, Jr. Recycled-content – CO2 – PLA – Microbes

When Global PET first purchased Kreyenborg’s IRD, the recycler produced 1,500 t/month. “A year later, in 2018, we started up the second IRD and expanded production to 2,500 t/month. With the delivery of the third rotary drum in the second half of the year, we will move to 3,500 t/month of food-grade recycled PET,” Barbosa, Jr. said. With the 4th IRD purchased this year, Global PET forecast an increase in the production capacity to 4,500 t/month. Global PET does not cite a return on investment, but he says that the gains made with Kreyenborg’s controlled and clean process come from savings in maintenance and energy consumption, compared to alternative systems. “We chose the IRD system to crystallize, dry and preheat post-consumer bottle flakes prior to the extrusion phase, resulting in a very fast process of 15-to-20-minutes,” explains Barbosa, Jr.

Improving the manufacturing and physical properties of recycled, food-grade PET through technology powered by infrared light has a crucial part to play in the intrinsic viscosity (IV) property, explains Marcus Vogt, sales manager of Kreyenborg’s plastics division. “Pre-crystallization and drying of the flakes prior to extrusion helps minimize the loss of IV from PET, a critical factor for reuse of the resin for further processing of the recycled pellets,” Vogt says. “Reprocessing the flakes in the extruder reduces IV due to hydrolysis in the presence of water, and that’s why pre-drying to a homogeneous drying level with our IRD systems can limit this reduction. In addition, the resin does not yellow because drying time is reduced, and shearing in the extruder is thereby also reduced because the preheated material enters the extruder at constant temperature.”

With their infrared systems, Kreyenborg has supported many companies in South America. For those with existing extrusion lines without FDA approval, Kreyenborg also offers an attractive retrofitting solution with the system IR-Clean, which produces food-grade flakes with FDA approval before the extrusion process. Recycled-content – CO2 – PLA – Microbes

Infrared makes PET greener in Brazil

-Gabriel-Chemie launches new CO2-reduced white Masterbatch

Gabriel-Chemie has been producing its well-known quality masterbatch under the brand name “Maxithen” since 1970. As a supplement to the “Maxithen” products, the company recently presented its new sustainable product lines “MaxiLoop” and “MaxiBlue”. At the same time, Gabriel-Chemie presents new white premium masterbatch with a 10% reduced CO2 footprint. The formulations have been optimised, raw materials with a reduced carbon footprint are used and now offer customers a product to reduce their carbon footprint. For the resource-saving production of the CO2-reduced white, 100% energy from renewable sources is used at the Austrian site, which consists, among other things, of self-generated electricity from our own photovoltaic system. This represents a serious alternative without having to compromise on performance, functionality or application. An EU and FDA approval enables the CO2-reduced white to be delivered worldwide and to provide further sustainable solutions for customers.

As Nicole Ziegler, Corporate Responsibility & Sustainability Manager at Gabriel-Chemie, states: “As a company in the plastics industry, we are aware of our great responsibility. Under the umbrella of “GC Sustainable Solutions” we have developed resource-saving and climate-friendly alternatives to conventional products of fossil origin. In doing so, we are taking account of the increasing demands of our customers, who are paying more attention to the CO2 footprint of their products, but do not want to accept any compromises in terms of function.” Martin Horvath, Corporate Product Manager at Gabriel-Chemie adds: “As an experienced masterbatch supplier of system solutions, we are proud of our new developments. Recycled-content – CO2 – PLA – Microbes

Gabriel-Chemie launches new CO2-reduced white Masterbatch

-Antalis develops foam profiles with recycled content

Antalis Packaging has developed new foam profiles that it says are made from 100% recycled content and are fully recyclable.

According to Antalis, foam profiles are an essential material when packaging delicate or sharp goods. However, the company says it is a challenge to find foam profiles that are both effective and sustainable, an issue it is aiming to address with its new range of profiles.

Antalis says its new foam profiles are available in an ocean green colour and provide corner and edge protection for many different applications. The flexible, shock-absorbent profiles reportedly mould around delicate edges to protect them from damage caused by knocks and drops. Recycled-content – CO2 – PLA – Microbes

The company adds that the foam profiles are also dust and odour free, leaving no residue on goods.

At the end of their use, the foam profiles are fully recyclable, according to Antalis. The company says that, as the foam profiles are made from 100% recycled content, they are exempt from the UK’s new Plastic Packaging Tax.

Ian Whitcombe, packaging product manager at Antalis, comments: “We’re continually working with our suppliers to source and develop new products that will help our customers meet their sustainability goals. We’re delighted to add this great range of sustainable foam profiles to our portfolio – and it’s another product that is Plastic Packaging Tax-exempt, so it offers cost-saving benefits to customers, too.”

Recycled-content - CO2 - PLA - Microbes

-Hungary seeks increased gas supplies from Gazprom

Hungary will continue talks with Russia on additional gas supplies and expects to reach a deal with Gazprom to boost supplies further from next month, as per Hellenicshippingnews.

Szijjarto met his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov in Moscow last month, seeking 700 million cubic metres of gas on top of an existing long-term supply deal with Russia. Gazprom started to increase gas supplies to Hungary this month, adding to previously agreed deliveries via the Turkstream pipeline. Recycled-content – CO2 – PLA – Microbes

“Like it or not, we will continue talks with the Russians about increasing gas shipments to Hungary,” Szijjarto told a business meeting. “There is an offer to increase gas shipments, we will finetune that with Gazprom in the next few days, and we will sign an agreement under which we could get increased daily shipments.”

Szijjarto did not give any details about volumes or prices. Hungary’s reserves stored 3.25 billion cubic metres of gas as of Aug. 1, more than 51% of total storage capacity, based on data from the national energy regulator.

Under a deal signed last year, before the start of the war in neighbouring Ukraine, Hungary receives 3.5 billion cubic metres (bcm) of gas per year via Bulgaria and Serbia under its long-term deal with Russia and a further 1 bcm via a pipeline from Austria. The agreement with Gazprom is for 15 years.

Recycled-content - CO2 - PLA - Microbes

-Protection from microbes gives plastic products a longer life

Plastics, like other materials, are constantly exposed to the environment where they are located and, depending on the surrounding conditions, a broad array of microbes can exist on their surfaces, said Sustainableplastics.

This can potentially lead to a range of problems, from unpleasant odours to deterioration, that affect the sustainability of both virgin and recycled plastics in products. Whatever the industry, incorporating built-in antimicrobial additives into plastics to help reduce the growth of microorganisms and odours is one way to offer long-lasting product protection and sustainability. Recycled-content – CO2 – PLA – Microbes

Plastics are everywhere in our lives and, due to their versatility, have replaced steel in cars, paper in packaging, and wood in furniture. Its revolutionary discovery has led to the development of diverse, flexible and cost-effective materials that have influenced fashion and style, and made previously unattainable products available to all, from everyday necessities to once-in-a-lifetime luxuries. The demand for plastics is therefore continuing to skyrocket. However, single-use, disposable plastics have a long, none too complimentary history, with a bad reputation for posing environmental threats, from being pervasive in landfills and causing toxic pollution, to contributing to global warming and natural resource depletion.

Consequently, pressures from governments and consumers to offer more environmentally friendly plastic solutions are forcing a rise in demand for more durable, reusable or recyclable plastic products that result in less waste. However, plastic surfaces can sometimes succumb to the build-up of bacteria, moulds and mildew, leaving unpleasant odours and an unattractive appearance. This problem is exacerbated by reusing plastics that may already have been affected by microorganisms, for example, in storage containers, bottles and packaging used for products such as food, drinks and cosmetics.

Recycled-content - CO2 - PLA - Microbes

-Two joint ventures in the PLA

Made up of LG Chem and ADM

LG Chem is collaborating with Archer Daniels Midland Co. (ADM) to spearhead two joint ventures, GreenWise Lactic and LG Chem Illinois Biochem, and push towards the commercial production of bioplastics.

With ADM providing their processing technology and agricultural supply chain and LG Chem their development of plant-based materials, it is hoped that the projects will result in enough pure lactic acid to produce polylactic acid (PLA) on a commercial scale, as well as using it to develop a number of high value-added biomaterials.

Based in Los Angeles, GreenWise Lactic is set to produce an estimated total of 150,000 tons of high-purity, corn-based lactic acid every year. Subsequently, LG Chem Illionois Biochem aims to produce 75,000 tons of bioplastics, or 2.5 billion 500ml bioplastic water bottles, every year – a figure that hopes to match an annual 22.7% rise in demand.

Construction of the production facility is set to begin in 2023 in Decatur, Illinois, and is expected to be completed in late 2025 or early 2026. LG Chem is said to be the first Korean company to build a PLA plant with integrated production capacities ranging from raw materials to the final product. Recycled-content – CO2 – PLA – Microbes

ADM CEO Juan R. Luciano said, “Sustainability is one of the enduring global trends that is powering ADM’s strategy and growth.

“We’re pleased to expand our collaboration with LG Chem, and we’re planning to take the next growth step, greatly expanding our ability to meet growing demand for plant-based solutions.”

Hak Cheol Shin, chief executive at LG Chem, added, “The establishment of this joint venture is a sustainable growth strategy that can directly contribute in solving environmental issues such as climate change and waste plastics.

“Based on eco-friendly materials, which is an axis for new growth engines, we will respond to the rapidly changing market and customers, while becoming a market leader.”

Recycled-content - CO2 - PLA - Microbes

-LG Chem to Build Fourth Carbon Nanotube Plant

The new 3,200-tonnes/year plant is slated to begin operation in 2024. Carbon nanotube demand has been growing rapidly, particularly for electric vehicle battery materials.

LG Chem is expanding its investment in carbon nanotubes (CNT) with the construction of the world’s largest single-line CNT manufacturing plant. The new plant is part of LG Chem’s initiative to gain a more competitive edge in the rapidly growing global CNT market focused on electric vehicle (EV) battery materials. Recycled-content – CO2 – PLA – Microbes

The new facility will be LG Chem’s fourth CNT plant, following its 1,200-tonnes/year Plant 3, whose construction commenced early this year with start-up slated for 2023, and 1,200-tonnes/year Plant 2, which has been operational since 2021. The new plant will be built in LG Chem’s Daesan Complex, located 80 kilometers southwest of Seoul, with construction commencing in the first half of next year and operation beginning in the second half of 2024.

CNT is a next-generation material offering the equivalent level of electricity and thermal conductivity as copper and diamond and 100 times the strength of steel. Due to its excellent properties that surpass existing materials, CNT has a range of applications in batteries, semiconductor wafer trays, automotive components, and surface heating elements.

Structural composites among growth areas

The global CNT conductive additive market is expected to grow by 30% to $2.3 billion, with CNT demand increasing from 5,000 tonnes in 2021 to 70,000 tonnes by 2030. The overall multiwall CNT market is forecast to grow from $5.25 billion in 2021 to $10.74 billion in 2028, according to market analyst Insight Partners. Structural composites and concrete additives are among the applications earmarked for growth in its report, Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Market Forecast to 2028 – COVID-19 Impact and Global Analysis by Application.

The 3,200 tonnes of CNT to be produced annually at Plant 4 will contribute to LG Chem’s total carbon nanotube production capacity of 6,100 tonnes/year across four plants. LG Chem has been operating CNT plants since 2017, starting with the 500-tonnes/year CNT Plant 1, and has been constructing new plants every year since 2020 to meet growing demand.

LG Chem to Build Fourth Carbon Nanotube Plant

-Some Carmakers Say Recycling Car Parts Is the Future. But Is It Realistic?

“Circular manufacturing” has the promise to reduce waste by reusing parts to make new cars. There are glimmers of hope, but they are currently outweighed by challenges.

This article is part of our series on the Future of Transportation, which is exploring innovations and challenges that affect how we move about the world.

Car tailpipes belch out an estimated 4.6 metric tons of carbon dioxide yearly, but cars begin to pollute long before they ever hit the road. And they continue to pollute long after they are junked. They begin to use energy and emit carbon through extraction and production of the steel, rubber, plastics, glass, lithium and leather used to build them. When scrapped, they molder in junkyards, emitting chlorofluorocarbons, and dripping oils and acids that are a hazard to groundwater.  Recycled-content – CO2 – PLA – Microbes

Now scientists, environmentalists, policymakers and car manufacturers are advancing an idea that could change that. An industrial concept called “circular manufacturing” aims to break the cycle of take, make, use and toss, by building cars whose components can be endlessly reused to make new cars.

The idea is new enough that there is no standard definition — there isn’t even an agreed-on name. It’s variously called circular manufacturing, the circular economy or manufacturing in a circular economy. Nevertheless, circular manufacturing is part of the European Green Deal, which establishes the groundwork for new regulations for car companies.

Although the idea is barely past the conceptual stage, car companies are already rushing to claim circular superiority. “GM Technology is a leader in Circular Economy,” crowed a 2020 news release. BMW, Ford, Toyota, Tesla and others have also made claims on the circular future. Industry observers caution that, for now, the circular economy’s chief value may be public relations.

Some Carmakers Say Recycling Car Parts Is the Future. But Is It Realistic?

Recycled-content – CO2 – PLA – Microbes

PEF – Plastics-waste-recycling 01-09-2022

PEF – Plastics-waste-recycling 01-09-2022

PEF – Plastics-waste-recycling

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime

-Anellotech demos direct route to light olefins and BTX from mixed plastic waste

Anellotech demos direct route to light olefins and BTX from mixed plastic waste

In the United States (US), sustainable technology company Anellotech Inc. has announced that it has, for the first time, continuously processed solid, post-consumer plastic waste into light olefins and aromatics using its “Plas-TCat” catalytic pyrolysis technology.

According to a statement, the processing trial took place at Anellotech’s “TCat-8” fully automated, 30-meter-tall pilot plant near Houston, Texas (TX).

The waste consisted of a mixture of all major plastic types, with the exception of polyvinyl chloride (PVC).

The plant’s nameplate capacity is 0.5 tonnes per day, and Plas-TCat’s scalable fluidized bed (FB) reactor design provides a path to larger commercial production plants capable of addressing substantial global recycling goals.

Feedstock flexible

Plas-TCat employs one thermal catalytic reactor to convert a broad range of mixed waste plastics into the same valuable chemical feedstocks used today to make virgin plastics.

These include benzene, toluene, and xylene (BTX) as well as ethylene, propylene, and butylene (light olefins).  PEF – Plastics-waste-recycling

Based on a proprietary catalyst and fluid bed reactor-regenerator system, Plas-TCat provides a new, direct route to light olefins and aromatics from heterogeneous plastic waste streams—without the need for steam cracker furnaces.

Plas-TCat is advantageous due to its high olefin and aromatic hydrocarbon selectivity, high scalability, broad feedstock tolerance, as well as its substantial carbon dioxide emissions savings compared to industrial steam crackers, said David Sudolsky, President and CEO of Anellotech.

The technology can effectively process a wide range of waste plastics, alone or within composites. This includes polyolefins, polyamides (nylon), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polycarbonate, and polystyrene (PS).

With the completion of these continuous process runs Plas-TCat is now at Technology Readiness Level (TRL) 6. Trials planned for later in 2022 will be run to confirm promising laboratory yields for Plas-TCat.

-LG Chem to Build Fourth Carbon Nanotube Plant

The new 3,200-tonnes/year plant is slated to begin operation in 2024. Carbon nanotube demand has been growing rapidly, particularly for electric vehicle battery materials.

LG Chem is expanding its investment in carbon nanotubes (CNT) with the construction of the world’s largest single-line CNT manufacturing plant. The new plant is part of LG Chem’s initiative to gain a more competitive edge in the rapidly growing global CNT market focused on electric vehicle (EV) battery materials.

The new facility will be LG Chem’s fourth CNT plant, following its 1,200-tonnes/year Plant 3, whose construction commenced early this year with start-up slated for 2023, and 1,200-tonnes/year Plant 2, which has been operational since 2021. The new plant will be built in LG Chem’s Daesan Complex, located 80 kilometers southwest of Seoul, with construction commencing in the first half of next year and operation beginning in the second half of 2024. PEF – Plastics-waste-recycling

CNT is a next-generation material offering the equivalent level of electricity and thermal conductivity as copper and diamond and 100 times the strength of steel. Due to its excellent properties that surpass existing materials, CNT has a range of applications in batteries, semiconductor wafer trays, automotive components, and surface heating elements.

Structural composites among growth areas

The global CNT conductive additive market is expected to grow by 30% to $2.3 billion, with CNT demand increasing from 5,000 tonnes in 2021 to 70,000 tonnes by 2030. The overall multiwall CNT market is forecast to grow from $5.25 billion in 2021 to $10.74 billion in 2028, according to market analyst Insight Partners. Structural composites and concrete additives are among the applications earmarked for growth in its report, Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Market Forecast to 2028 – COVID-19 Impact and Global Analysis by Application.

The 3,200 tonnes of CNT to be produced annually at Plant 4 will contribute to LG Chem’s total carbon nanotube production capacity of 6,100 tonnes/year across four plants. LG Chem has been operating CNT plants since 2017, starting with the 500-tonnes/year CNT Plant 1, and has been constructing new plants every year since 2020 to meet growing demand.

PEF - Plastics-waste-recycling

-Economical PEF Production

Efficient titanium-based catalyst used to produce PEF, the biobased alternative to PET

One possible replacement for drink containers made from PET is polyethylene furandicarboxylate (PEF), made from renewable resources. However, the production of the raw material for PEF from biomass is still rather inefficient. A new titanium-based photocatalyst could be about to change this, making it more economical to access the raw material for PEF from biomass, as a team of researchers report in the journal Angewandte Chemie.

In the valorization of biomass, the key chemical 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is first obtained from the mix of natural substances. PEF is a recyclable plastic that can be produced from HMF. As PEF has very similar properties to PET, the most commonly used material for plastic bottles, it is used as a biobased replacement. However, the production of PEF is still expensive, due in large part to the difficulty in producing the raw material for PEF from HMF.

To produce the raw material for PEF, HMF must be oxidized, and this step is inefficient for two reasons. First, unwanted byproducts are formed during oxidation with atmospheric oxygen. In addition, the titanium-oxide-based catalysts available to date require UV light. Since UV light only makes up a small portion of the spectrum of sunlight, the efficiency of this photocatalytic reaction is low, making the process expensive.

A group of researchers headed by Ya-Qian Lan and Yifa Chen of the South China Normal University (SCNU) in Nanjing, China, have now developed a titanium-based photocatalyst that overcomes both obstacles. PEF – Plastics-waste-recycling

A titanium component in conjunction with an organic oxidizing group forms flat, crystalline nanosheets from an organometallic framework. By chemically linking the titanium with the organic components, the light absorption shifts from the UV to the visible range, considerably increasing efficiency, say the team.

The reaction is also highly selective, as relatively few reaction partners are required and virtually no waste is formed.

Original publication

PEF - Plastics-waste-recycling

-Lenzing’s new €400 million factory strengthens Thailand’s status as regional bio-green-circular hub – BOI

Austrian textile giant Lenzing’s new €400 million factory in Prachinburi, Thailand, is the world’s largest production plant for the eco-friendly so-called “miracle fabric” lyocell.

The start of operations at European textile giant Lenzing’s recent opening of the world’s largest production plant for the eco-friendly fibre lyocell exemplifies Thailand’s status as a hub for green and sustainable investments, according to an article pub-lished on the Thailand Board of Investment (BOI) website.

Like numerous other foreign investors, Lenzing in part chose Thailand for its strategic location and connectivity at the heart of Asia. But the Austrian multinational with op-erations on four continents also decided to build its euro 400 million (around THB 1 billion) factory there because of Thailand’s commitment to sustainable growth through a model known as the Bio-Circular-Green Economy, or BCG, the article said.

Thailand has become a land of sustainability for environment-conscious businesses. In 2021, foreign and local investors committed to 149.5 billion baht ($4.2 billion) worth of BCG-related investments in Thailand – more than double the figure for the previous year, according to official data.

In the first half of 2022, the trend continued, with inves-tors pledging a further 80 billion baht. The BOI offers generous tax breaks and other incentives to companies aligned with the BCG goals in sectors such as food pro-cessing, biofuel, bioplastics, biotechnology, renewable energy and recycling. PEF – Plastics-waste-recycling

The article cited as an example the French – Dutch joint venture Total Corbion PLA, which opened in 2018 in Thailand’s Eastern Economic Corridor a $250 million plant that converts local cane sugar into polylactic acid (PLA), a renewable and biodegrada-ble alternative to polystyrene and other oil-based polymers. In 2021, the partners an-nounced the venture has upped annual production from 75 to 100 million tonnes to meet demand.

Lenzing, which targets to cut its greenhouse gas emissions by 50 percent by 2030, is recognised as the leading producer of lyocell, a wood-based fibre that’s 100 percent biodegradable and compostable, requires no harmful chemicals and recycles 99.5 percent of solvent used in its production through an innovative circular closed-loop process. The new factory, which opened in March 2022 in Prachinburi, 140 kilometres east of Bangkok, runs on green biogenic energy and relies on sustainable water sup-ply to produce 100,000 tonnes of lyocell every year.

“Thailand with its commitment to sustainability fitted with our clear long-term vision,” the BOI article quoted Lenzing Vice President and Senior Project Director Ismail Ab-dullah as saying. “Here we will be able to transform our manufacturing and support our ambitious climate targets. For Lenzing, this project represents a very important step towards a carbon-free future.”

PEF - Plastics-waste-recycling

-‘Fast tech’ is unsustainable: The circular economy is the smart answer for growth

Designing durable, reusable, and recyclable products helps tech companies challenge the reign of ”fast tech”

With the pace of innovation ever increasing, technology can feel antiquated, fast. Consumers, as well as businesses, have become accustomed to upgrading devices regularly and discarding “outdated” tech. But what happens to last year’s laptops, mobile phones and tech accessories?  PEF – Plastics-waste-recycling

According to the United Nations, the world produces more than 50 million tons of electronic waste per year. Much like the fashion industry has had to come to terms with the dark side of so-called “fast fashion”—cheap, environmentally damaging clothing created quickly to mimic runway trends—the tech industry must reckon with the environmental implications of “fast tech.”

Whether knowingly or unknowingly, some tech companies are feeding into the idea of planned obsolescence — creating less-durable products for the sake of introducing new ones on a regular basis. There is a better way, and it lies in the circular economy.

Unlike the linear economy, in which companies mine natural resources to make products that are designed to be discarded, the circular economy closes the loop. Materials and products are designed to be more durable, reusable, repairable, and recyclable, thereby extending product life cycles and curbing waste. This approach can make a tremendous impact on the environment. A study published in Science found that plastic use can be reduced by nearly 80% in the next 20 years, in part, by adopting circular economy practices across the supply chain.

Circular Economy benefits, and barriers

While companies in various sectors can reduce waste by adopting a circular economy model, tech companies have a significant opportunity to create change by rethinking product design and inspiring consumers to expect more from their devices. But, doing so is not simple. Sustainable processes and materials typically cost more than those used in a linear economy approach. Furthermore, adopting circular economy practices requires operational changes as well as the subject matter expertise to implement them correctly. Product design can also be a barrier.  PEF – Plastics-waste-recycling

‘Fast tech’ is unsustainable: The circular economy is the smart answer for growth

-China’s industrial performance recovers despite dip in profits: NBS

China’s industrial activity levels have stayed on their path to recovery in spite of profits falling a bit due to several reasons, according to the country’s National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). Industrial business firms, which had an annual business revenue of a minimum of 20 million yuan or around $2.92 million, had their profits down by 1.1 per cent year-on-year from January to July 2022, touching 4.89 trillion yuan.

However, the collective earnings of the industrial firms went up by 8.8 per cent year-on-year to 76.57 trillion yuan. It was found that 16 out of 41 major industries witnessed a rise in profits in the first seven months of 2022 and 14 of them declared growth of more than 5 per cent. The profits of the equipment manufacturing industry grew by 6.8 per cent year-on-year in July 2022, which is 2.7 percentage points higher than the growth reported in June 2022. PEF – Plastics-waste-recycling

“As China took stronger steps to ensure the energy supply, the expansion of the coal and crude oil output, as well as energy production, has driven up the profit growth of related industries,” NBS senior statistician Zhu Hong was quoted as saying by Chinese media reports. The country’s coal mining sector showed that profits during the January-July 2022 period went up 1.05 times when compared to the corresponding period from the previous year, which added to the 10.3-percentage-point growth of the gains of big industrial firms.

PEF - Plastics-waste-recycling

-PET recycling company starts regular operations

A sneak-peek into production: The new recycling line (Photo: Herbold Meckesheim)

Turkish recycling company Futurapet (Düzce; www.futurapet.com.tr) has invested an undisclosed amount in a new PET recovery plant, which was recently put into operation. Futurapet is a spin-off of Turkish consumer goods group Engin Grup (Istanbul; www.engingrup.com). The agreement with German machine maker Herbold Meckesheim (Meckesheim; www.herbold.com) on the construction of the recycling line also marked the founding of Futurapet in 2020. PEF – Plastics-waste-recycling

According to information from Meckesheim, the “largest single-line recycling system” that the machinery manufacturer has installed to date is designed for a daily output of 90 t/d, the equivalent of an annual production volume of more than 30,000 t/y of PET recyclate, which can then be used for producing both films and bottles.

Engin Grup describes its plastics waste recycling spin-off in Düzce, some 200 km east of Istanbul, as an “important investment”.

PEF - Plastics-waste-recycling

-Pricing, supply of PE, PP remain hard to predict

For resin market knowledge, it’s hard to top Kathy Hall and David Barry.

Hall and Barry have been covering resin markets for more than a decade for PetroChem Wire, which now operates as PCW by OPIS and is a unit of Dow Jones. Hall — who founded PCW in 2007 — serves as the unit’s executive director, while Barry is associate director.

The pair recently took some time to share some insights on current resin markets, which are being pushed and pulled by many factors surrounding the global economy.

Q: What have been the biggest growth markets for polyethylene, polypropylene and other commodity resins so far in 2022?

Hall: I think the demand pattern of most significance in 2022 is that the segments that saw tremendous growth in 2020 and 2021 have abated. For example, plastic goods related to home improvement projects were flying off the shelves during a steady spate of lockdown-inspired DIY projects. PEF – Plastics-waste-recycling

But how many times a year does one remodel? Appliances, plastic decking, doors, windows and floors are not annual purchases, and their pull on resins has certainly lessened.

Barry: I agree that a lot of the pandemic-driven boom in personal protective equipment (PPE) packaging and bottled soaps and sanitizers has faded, along with plastic decking and lawn furniture businesses that benefited from people wanting to spend more time in their backyards. However, with the pandemic winding down and stimulus funds still in the bank, we heard about a revival of municipal infrastructure projects. Infrastructure spending, along with high energy prices, has made PE pipe a strong growth market this year.

Q: What impacts are these markets seeing from inflations and higher interest rates?

Barry: A couple of observations here. Higher interest rates make it more expensive for processors to carry inventory, whether that’s resin or finished goods, which may have contributed to the destocking trend we heard saw this summer. Also, inflation has caused the average consumer to opt more for the less expensive store brands and less for the premium brands and discretionary goods. I don’t know how much this has affected PE demand in aggregate, but it has caused some market share shift at the retail level.

Q: What impact will new PE (Shell) and PP (Heartland) capacity have?

Hall: As with any project, the new supply does get baked into the demand forecast and much of the new product is typically contracted before the project is even through with the investment decision process. That said, the new capacity will take several years before overall demand catches up with it. PEF – Plastics-waste-recycling

This is why when such massive amounts of new product begin to be produced, the entire market feels it, and exports play a key role in balancing supply. This could prove challenging in this environment of shipping delays and ports already clogged with inventory, and the only alternative to balance the market is to throttle back production.

Q: Expectations for 2023? Do you see markets stabilizing?

Hall: If we knew the future with certainty, we’d play the lottery! But we do always have a solid indicator of sentiment from the monomers’ futures markets. Right now, ethylene’s forward curve is in a slightly backward-dated shape, meaning that prices in August and September are slightly higher than they are in the months to come. Ethylene’s forward curve flattens in early 2023, which indicates either a lack of belief that prices will change much or that there is a profound lack of interest in trading that market at this time.

Pricing, supply of PE, PP remain hard to predict

PEF – Plastics-waste-recycling

Recycling – Polyester – CO2 31-08-2022

Recycling – Polyester – CO2 31-08-2022

Recycling – Polyester – CO2

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Reliance announces massive investment in yarn and fibre; to double PET recycling

India’s corporate giant, and raw material to retail company, Reliance Industries Ltd.is all set to invest Rs. 75,000 crore in the next five years to expand petrochemical capacity.

The investments, notably, will be utilised to set up a PTA plant, and expand polyester capacity.

Speaking at the company’s annual general meeting (AGM), Mukesh Ambani, Chairman, RIL, also informed about tripling the capacity of vinyl chain and a chemical unit in UAE.

He said that “in the polyester value chain, we will build one of the world’s largest single-train PTA plant of 3 MMTPA capacity at Dahej. We will also invest in a 1 MMTPA PET plant at Dahej.”

Both PTA and PET will be targeted for completion by 2026.

“We will also reinvest in Polyester Filament Yarn (PFY) and Polyester Staple Fibre (PSF). Polyester expansion with capacity of over 1 MMTPA will be completed in phases by 2026,” he said.  Recycling – Polyester – CO2

He also highlighted the sustainability focus of the RIL and said that Reliance has championed the cause of sustainability through circular economy and is India’s leader in recycling of polyesters and plastics, adding “We will strengthen our leadership position in PET recycling by more than doubling our bottle recycling capacity to 5 billion bottles a year.”

Isha Ambani, Leader of Reliance Retail business, informed that the company’s fashion and lifestyle business has the widest physical reach with nearly 4,000 stores in over 1,000 towns.

“Last year, we sold over 43 crore garments, which is enough to clothe the entire population of the US and Canada. We further strengthened our product portfolio by entering categories such as lingerie, saree and home furnishing, and have quickly scaled to establish significant positions in each of them. Our strong design and sourcing ecosystem has enabled us to grow our own brands across apparel and footwear. Our own brands contribute to over 65 per cent of overall revenues,” she said.

AJIO, integrated omni channel platform of the company, is one of the most loved fashion destinations, with 80 per cent of purchases from repeat customers. AJIO Business, Reliance’s new commerce initiative, works with merchant partners across 3,500 towns, giving them access to a collection of over 8,000 regional and national brands and a wide portfolio of our own brands.

Reliance announces massive investment in yarn and fibre; to double PET recycling

-Guenther Klammer new CTO of Next Generation Recyclingmaschinen GmbH (NGR)

As of August 16, 2022, Dipl.-Ing Guenther Klammer is responsible for the research and technical developments of Next Generation Recyclingmaschinen GmbH as the new technical manager (CTO). With this reinforcement in the management, the team of plastics recycling machine specialists will ensure the technical progress of products and services also in the future and further expand their position as a technological pioneer.

Guenther Klammer studied general mechanical engineering at the TU Wien. For the new position at NGR, he brings his profound technical expertise as well as many years of industry experience in plastics recycling. “Implementing innovative and sustainable solutions in plastics recycling is my passion, and I am looking forward to the new tasks at NGR,” says Klammer, who intends to continue driving the Feldkirchen-based mechanical engineering company’s growth course at the highest technical level.

Professionally, the creative tinkerer with management expertise has worked at Cincinnati Milacron, Erema, and as CEO of MAS Maschinen- und Anlagenbau Schulz GmbH, among others. Most recently, he headed the Plasticising Systems & Recycling division at Engel Austria GmbH and was responsible for numerous patent applications during his career. In his private life, the enthusiastic mountain and water sportsman is the father of three grown-up children. Recycling – Polyester – CO2

“In recent years, NGR has made a steady progress from a start-up to an internationally successful machine builder, not least due to technically innovative products,” explains Josef Hochreiter, CEO of the Next Generation Group.  “But we certainly don’t want to rest on this success. Because the requirements in plastics recycling are becoming more and more complex worldwide. In order to meet precisely these increased requirements and to continue to offer one step ahead solutions, we have once again strengthened our forces.”

-Guenther Klammer new CTO of Next Generation Recyclingmaschinen GmbH (NGR)

-To remove CO2 from the atmosphere, imagine the possibilities

(Nanowerk News) In an effort to reduce the risks from climate change, NIST scientists have set out to discover new materials that can draw planet-warming carbon dioxide (CO2) out of the atmosphere, a technique called “direct air capture.”

Direct air capture materials already exist, but they either cost too much money or consume too much energy to be deployed on a global scale. NIST scientists are using computer simulations to rapidly screen hypothetical materials that have never been synthesized but that might have just the right physical properties to make this technology scalable. Recycling – Polyester – CO2

“The traditional way of screening materials is to synthesize them, then test them in the lab, but that is very slow going,” said NIST chemical engineer Vincent Shen. “Computer simulations speed up the discovery process immensely.”

Shen and his colleagues are also developing new computational methods that will accelerate the search even more.

“Our goal is to develop more efficient modeling methods that extract as much information out of a simulation as possible,” Shen said. “By sharing those methods, we hope to speed up the computational discovery process for all researchers who work in this field.

Direct air capture is important because humanity has already profoundly altered Earth’s atmosphere — one third of all the CO2 in the air got there as a result of human activity. “Carbon capture is a way to reverse some of those emissions and help the economy become carbon neutral more quickly,” said NIST chemist Pamela Chu, who leads the agency’s recently launched carbon capture initiative.

Once CO2 is captured, it can be used to manufacture plastics and carbon fibers or combined with hydrogen to produce synthetic fuels. These uses require energy but can be carbon neutral if powered by renewables. Where renewable energy isn’t available, the CO2 can be injected into deep geological formations with the goal of keeping it trapped underground. Recycling – Polyester – CO2

NIST scientists use computer simulations that calculate a potential capture material’s affinity for CO2 relative to other gases in the atmosphere. That allows them to predict how well the capture material will perform. The simulations also generate images that show how carbon capture works on a molecular scale.

Porous crystalline materials show particular promise for capturing CO2. These materials are made up of atoms arranged in a repeating three-dimensional pattern that leaves voids between them. In this conceptual illustration, the gray bars represent a crystalline material, and the red spheres are the voids.

To remove CO2 from the atmosphere, imagine the possibilities

-Nylon value chain may remain positive in coming months

Nylon value chain is expected to remain positive in the coming months as the upstream products may bottom out very soon. Plant closures for maintenance will also support the entire value chain. However, demand trend is very crucial as this juncture as raw materials and nylon yarn have noted downward in recent past due to poor demand and easy availability. Recycling – Polyester – CO2

According to Fibre2Fashion’s market insight tool TexPro, nylon chips (imported HS chip) is currently priced at $2252.16 per ton in Asian market which can improve to $2308.46 per ton. It may further go up to $2336.62 per ton in October 2022. Nylon filament yarn (FDY 70D/24F) may touch $2.73 per kg in Asian market. The price is ruling at $2.68 per ton in this month and it may reach $2.72 per kg.

As per market information from TexPro, the prices of caprolactam, a raw material of nylon, are likely to bottom out in the coming weeks as Ube Industries is set to shut plant for maintenance in mid-September. Another company, Hubei Sanning Chemical, has already shut its plant in the beginning of this month. Both companies are the major producer of the raw material. Caprolactam noted downward trend in last fortnight and was quoted at $1,760-1,770 per ton in Asian market.

Benzene prices decreased on the back of dull buying sentiments during the last fortnight. A fall in downstream SM rates further pressured prices down in Asia. Benzene prices in Korea were quoted $990-1,000 per ton during the last fortnight.

In Southeast Asia, nylon chips prices fell due to sluggish demand and lower upstream energy value during the last fortnight. The prices were noted between $2,220-2,230 per ton in Southeast Asia. “Nylon chips may continue downward trend in short term,” according to TexPro. Recycling – Polyester – CO2

Recycling - Polyester - CO2

-New setup for Schur Flexibles

Green light from the EU antitrust for the transfer of control of the Austrian manufacturer of flexible packaging to the private equity firm Apollo Capital Management.
The European Commission has given the green light to the proposed acquisition of Schur Flexibles by a consortium led by the private equity firm Apollo Capital Management.
The Austrian flexible packaging manufacturer had returned to Austrian hands last year following the acquisition of a majority stake in Lindsay Goldberg’s stake by the Austrian holding company B&C Group (see article). Recycling – Polyester – CO2
Based in Wiener Neudorf, Austria, Schur Flexibles Group specializes in the production of flexible high barrier packaging for the food, pharmaceutical and ‘aroma protection’ industries, operating in an integrated cycle from extrusion to converting. With a turnover of around 540 million euros (2020), it employs 2,200 people in 23 plants in eleven European countries, including Italy, where last year it took over the company Sidac, active in the production of flexible packaging and labels. , with headquarters and factory in Forlì (read article).
The company recently completed a debt refinancing and recapitalization operation for a total of € 150 million underwritten by banks and investors, including Apollo Capital Management, Capital Four, Guggenheim and Palmer Square.

Recycling - Polyester - CO2

-The critical role of process analysis in chemical recycling and upcycling of waste plastics

There is an urgent need for new technologies to enable circularity for synthetic polymers, spurred by the accumulation of waste plastics in landfills and the environment and the contributions of plastics manufacturing to climate change.

Chemical recycling is a promising means to convert waste plastics into molecular intermediates that can be remanufactured into new products.

Given the growing interest in the development of new chemical recycling approaches, it is critical to evaluate the economics, energy use, greenhouse gas emissions, and other lifecycle inventory metrics for emerging processes, relative to the incumbent, linear manufacturing practices employed today. Recycling – Polyester – CO2

Here we offer specific definitions for classes of chemical recycling and upcycling and describe general process concepts for the chemical recycling of mixed plastics waste. We present a framework for techno-economic analysis and life cycle assessment for both closed- and open-loop chemical recycling. Rigorous application of these process analysis tools will be required to enable impactful solutions for the plastics waste problem.


There is an urgent need for new technologies to enable circularity for syn[1]thetic polymers, spurred by the accumulation of waste plastics in landfills and the environment and the contributions of plastics manufacturing to climate change.

Chemical recycling is a promising means to convert waste plastics into molecular intermediates that can be remanufactured into new products.

Given the growing interest in the development of new chemical recycling approaches, it is critical to evaluate the economics, energy use, greenhouse gas emissions, and other life cycle inventory metrics for emerging processes relative to the incumbent, linear manufacturing practices employed today. Here we offer specific definitions for classes of chemical recycling and upcycling and describe general process concepts for the chemical recycling of mixed plastics waste. We present a framework for techno-economic analysis and life cycle assessment for both closed- and open-loop chemical recycling.

Rigorous application of these process analysis tools will be required to enable impactful solutions for the plastics waste problem.  Recycling – Polyester – CO2

Recycling - Polyester - CO2

-India’s Polyester yarn market revenue to grow 20 per cent this fiscal

Healthy demand from end user industries, and increased blending with cotton yarn due to decadal high prices of cotton, will drive revenue growth of 18-20 per cent this fiscal for polyester yarn manufacturing sector, according to capital market company CRISIL.

Operating profitability of polyester yarn segment is also expected to increase by 100 basis points to about 11 per cent this fiscal, driven by continued high-capacity utilisation (over 90 per cent) due to demand growth and healthy polyester yarn spread (difference between prices of polyester yarn and its raw materials).

Better profitability and expected modest capital spending will improve credit profiles of polyester yarn manufacturers, shows an analysis of 24 players that account for about 40 per cent of the sector’s revenues. Recycling – Polyester – CO2

Polyester yarn is used mostly in athletic and leisure wear, home textiles and garments. Recovery in demand from these end-user segments and multiple price hikes had led to a revenue growth of 60 per cent last fiscal, though on a low base, with sales volume picking up 15 per cent. Demand is seen to remain healthy this fiscal too, with garments and home textiles segments expected to grow at 16-18 per cent and 12-13 per cent in fiscal 2023 respectively, driven by recovery in domestic demand and moderate growth in exports, CRISIL said.

The continued wide price differential between cotton yarn and polyester yarn will result in higher blending among downstream players, further spurring demand for polyester yarn.

Gautam Shahi, director, CRISIL Ratings, said “Polyester yarn is cost effective to blend with cotton yarn, and since cotton yarn prices have risen by 25 per cent over the past year, higher blending has increased the demand for polyester yarn. With increased differential between cotton and polyester yarn prices to sustain, we expect 4-5 per cent of cotton yarn demand to shift to polyester yarn. This shift is expected to continue for most part of this fiscal as end user segments operate in a price competitive environment.”

Purified terephthalic acid (PTA) and mono-ethylene glycol (MEG), both crude derivatives, account for 80 per cent of raw material cost for polyester yarn manufacturers. Their prices have increased sharply due to supply chain issues arising from the Russia-Ukraine conflict.

However, buoyant demand and timely pass-through have supported the polyester yarn spreads vis-à-vis its key raw materials. The average spreads rose to a five-year high of ₹29 per kg last fiscal from ₹22 per kg in the previous fiscal and should sustain at ₹28-29 per kg this fiscal. Recycling – Polyester – CO2

Recycling - Polyester - CO2

-China’s LLDPE demand weakness continues as net import prospects weaken

So, let me arbitrarily start with the good news in the chart below. It is that the January-July data suggest full-year 2022 linear-low density polyethylene (LLDPE) demand growth in China will be no worse than what the January-June numbers indicated.

As with January-June, we look to be heading for a 4% decline in consumption (Scenario 2 in the above chart). This would leave the market at around 14.6m tonnes versus last year’s actual consumption of 15.2m tonnes.

As usual, I’ve provided you with two other scenarios. Scenario 1 assumes a strong recovery in demand over the remainder of this year, leaving demand at 14.9m tonnes, only 2% less than last year. Recycling – Polyester – CO2

For the sake of all out doom and gloom, Scenario 3 involves economic conditions getting worse. This would see demand fall by 6% to just 14.5m tonnes.

The bad news is that even with a decline of only 2%, this year would still be the second-worst year for growth since 2000. The worst year would be 2012 when demand fell by 3%.

You might argue that a cool-down in growth was inevitable in 2022 given that demand in 2020 grew by an eye-wateringly high 13% . But consider the chart below. Sorry for being maniacal about this, but spreads don’t lie.

Recycling - Polyester - CO2

Recycling – Polyester – CO2

Chemical-recycling – Indorama 30-08-2022

Chemical-recycling – Indorama 30-08-2022

Chemical-recycling – Indorama

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime

-Saipem and Quantafuel join forces to cooperate in the implementation of waste plastics recycling solutions

Saipem and Quantafuel ASA have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to collaborate in the industrialization and construction of waste plastics chemical recycling plants based on Quantafuel technology.

This MoU positions Saipem to globally market and construct under Quantafuel technology license industrial plants specialised in pyrolysis. This thermochemical process converts solid plastic waste into liquid or gaseous products that can be reused as fuel or chemical raw materials for plastics recycling. Furthermore, Saipem will provide intelligent smart operation and maintenance services, as well as joint performance guarantees for the plants, jointly issued by both companies.

On the basis of the agreement scalable and modular solutions for waste plastics recycling plants will be developed, which will be easily adapted to the specificities of the different sites. The technological solution offered will allow users to increase the utilisation of mixed plastic waste in the production of a pyrolysis oil that can be reused for new chemical and plastics production. Chemical-recycling – Indorama

Through this cooperation with Quantafuel, Saipem will deliver globally one of the first modular concepts for the circular economy, supporting its clients on their sustainability path also with this innovative plastics recycling solution. Saipem and Quantafuel are committed to delivering a series of projects to the market with this agreement, allowing both parties to pursue their respective objectives in the circular economy to maximise the benefits for the environment.

With the agreement, Quantafuel will strengthen its project implementation capabilities worldwide and add the licensing approach to its existing business plan of building, owning and operating pyrolysis plants, creating additional opportunities to commercialize its technologies.

Saipem and Quantafuel join forces to cooperate in the implementation of waste plastics recycling solutions

-Technip Energies and Agilyx announce the launch of TruStyrenyx™ for chemical recycling of polystyrene

Technip Energies and Agilyx announced today the launch of the TruStyrenyx™ brand, the only all-in-one solution for the chemical recycling of polystyrene.

TruStyrenyx™ combines Agilyx’s pyrolysis process and Technip Energies purification technology, yielding a recycled styrene monomer with exceptional high purity. Styrene monomer is used to make numerous plastics and other polymers. It is one of the three primary components of ABS (acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene), can make the pure polymer polystyrene, and is an ingredient in various synthetic rubbers.

This launch follows successful results from pilot plant testing conducted on difficult to recycle waste polystyrene, including flame retardant laden waste polystyrene. Recycled styrene monomer from the pilot plant meets American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards for styrene monomer and is greater than 99.8 wt% purity. Flame retardants contain halogens, which are known to be difficult impurities for current polymer production processes. The pilot plant has successfully shown that the resulting halogen concentration in the styrene monomer product is below available detection limits.

Technip Energies and Agilyx announced their partnership in June 2021, leveraging Agilyx conversion technology and Technip Energies purification process.

Bhaskar Patel, SVP of Sustainable Fuels, Chemicals and Circularity at Technip Energies, said: “We are pleased with the results of our pilot plant testing in our R&D facility in Weymouth, Massachusetts. This marks an important step in our development of circular solutions for styrenics technologies, and our relationship with Agilyx. Our joint innovative solution, TruStyrenyx™, for the chemical recycling of polystyrene offers potential clients a feasible way to make polymer products from recycled sources without compromising product integrity.”Chemical-recycling – Indorama

Chemical-recycling - Indorama

-The EU plastics tax account for Italy
Taxes on non-recycled plastic and Macsi enter the electoral campaign. A reminder of how they work.
In view of the upcoming political elections, there is a return to talk of taxes on plastic. Those that affect our country are essentially two: a European – which is not a tax in the strict sense – and a national one. They are worth re-examining as they are part of some election campaign programs.

The European tax on non-recycled plastic packaging was introduced on 1 January 2021 as a contribution to the European Union budget on the own resource based on plastic. Each member state is required to pay 800 euros per tonne on the weight of non-recycled plastic packaging waste.
For some countries, including Italy, a flat-rate reduction of the contribution has been introduced, with the aim of avoiding excessively regressive effects on national contributions. Chemical-recycling – Indorama
Last year, according to what emerges from the European budget (download HERE), our country paid 744 million euros into the EU coffers, with a “discount” of 184 million on the amount due on the basis of the calculations.
In fact, the volume of non-recycled packaging in our country stood at 1.16 million tons, a value that puts us in third place after Germany (1.7 million tons) and France (1.56 million), countries that they contributed to the European budget respectively for 1.35 and 1.24 billion euros, without benefiting from a flat-rate reduction.

Chemical-recycling - Indorama

-Indorama Ventures committed to science-based targets, contributing to net-zero global emissions by 2050

Indorama Ventures Public Company Limited (IVL), a global sustainable chemical company, announced its commitment to science-based targets by the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi) to help drive its ambitious sustainability programs, said the company.

The company will also participate in the SBTi Expert Advisory Group for the chemicals industry. SBTi is a collaboration between CDP, the United Nations Global Compact, the World Resources Institute, and the World Wide Fund for Nature to help businesses set emissions reduction targets based on the most recent climate science. IVL has committed to science-based targets under its purpose of “Reimagining chemistry together to create a better world” which aims to reduce global warming in line with the 1.5°C Paris Climate Agreement.Chemical-recycling – Indorama

Under its Vision 2030 ambition, Indorama Ventures aims to build on its global industry leadership in sustainability, including by reducing GHG intensity by 30% and increasing renewable electricity consumption to 25%. Green projects are helping the company to achieve its operational efficiency targets, increase its use of renewable energy (especially renewable electricity – both onsite generation and offsite procurement through power purchase agreements), implement new decarbonization technologies including carbon capture, introduce bio-feedstock to its petrochemical value chain, and expand its PET recycling capability.

To meet its targets, IVL recognizes the importance of collaboration between the public and private sectors to decarbonize its operations through a variety of strategies. The established targets help its customers and suppliers to achieve their own sustainability goals, particularly their science-based targets.

As per MRC, Indorama Ventures, a global sustainable chemical company, has entered into a non-binding agreement with Capchem Technology USA to study the opportunity to build and operate a world-class lithium-ion battery solvents plant at one of IVL’s petrochemical facilities in the U.S. Gulf Coast.

Indorama Ventures committed to science-based targets, contributing to net-zero global emissions by 2050

-New automated reuse system for catering packaging at venues aims to close waste loop

Berlin-based start-up 1Less has created an innovative reuse system that uses RFID-tagged dishware and a smart waste bin, linked to a digital IoT platform, to create a new way to deal with single-use plastic cups, lids, containers and cutlery.

Every item of dishware, a handy name for food-service packaging and utensils, contains a robust and long-lasting RFID tag. This transforms every item into a data carrier and transmitter, able to communicate valuable environmental, social, and governance (ESG) data to stakeholders.

Each unit of dishware has its own unique ID, so it can be tracked through the entire collection, cleaning and re-use process. Every item can be used 800-1000 times and then fully recycled at the end of its life, with the tag removed and re-used again, says the company. Chemical-recycling – Indorama

The smart bins can be located around any venue and the consumer simply puts the container or cutlery, or indeed any waste item, into it. There are no special sorting decisions required as the bin’s brain and sensor identifies the 1Less dishware, while a sorting mechanism separates it from other waste items. It also interacts with the 1Less cleaning-staff service App to inform them when to empty or maintain the bins.

Chemical-recycling - Indorama

-How Sustainable Is Recycling?

Recycling has been a key part of sustainability efforts in developed countries for decades. It’s a tried-and-true, effective way to reduce waste and prolong the life of valuable resources — right? Well, it’s not that simple. Let’s see how effective recycling truly is at cutting back on waste and helping the environment.

Mixed Results Around the World

To accurately estimate recycling’s effectiveness, we need to see how different countries organize their efforts. Here are three of the largest waste producers in the world: the United States, United Kingdom and Australia.Chemical-recycling – Indorama

The U.S. had an amicable recycling arrangement with China for decades. It would ship its waste overseas, where China would repurpose it for other products. Other countries did the same. That arrangement changed in 2017 when China’s National Sword policy increased the purity standards for imported materials.

After the U.S. could no longer send its waste to China en masse, it started importing it to other countries, primarily in the Asia-Pacific and Sub-Saharan Africa. Out of the 1 million metric tons of plastic waste the U.S. exports every year, countries discard up to 70% of it into waterways, landfills or wherever they can find room.

What about the U.S.’s recycling efforts within its borders? According to the latest available data from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Americans produced 292.4 million tons of recyclable or compostable waste in 2018. Just 94 tons, or 32.1%, got recycled or composted.

The U.S. was unprepared for China’s new standards, but that’s not the only problem. The surplus of plastic is another growing concern, as just two types of plastic are actually recyclable, yet the U.S. continues to recycle seven types.