Oil – Plastic – Economy 06-12-2022

Oil – Plastic – Economy

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Europe cuts gas demand by a quarter to shed reliance on Russia

Countries have been finding alternative sources and making changes to curb demand

Please use the sharing tools found via the share button at the top or side of articles. Copying articles to share with others is a breach of FT.com T&Cs and Copyright Policy. Email licensing@ft.com to buy additional rights. Subscribers may share up to 10 or 20 articles per month using the gift article service.

EU countries cut gas demand by a quarter in November even as temperatures fell, in the latest evidence that the bloc is succeeding in reducing its reliance on Russian energy since Moscow’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine. Oil – Plastic – Economy

Provisional data from commodity analytics company ICIS showed gas demand in the EU was 24 per cent below the five-year average last month, following a similar fall in October.

European countries have been trying to pare back their reliance on Russian gas and oil by finding alternative sources or making changes to curb demand.

They have been helped by an unseasonably warm autumn, although in the past two weeks temperatures have dropped closer to normal levels.

In Germany and Italy, the EU’s two largest gas-consuming countries, demand fell 23 and 21 per cent respectively in November, ICIS found. In France and Spain it dropped more than a fifth and in the Netherlands by just over a third.

“Industry is proportionally driving the biggest reductions in gas consumption, and this is entirely the result of clear market pricing,” said Tom Marzec-Manser, lead European gas analyst at ICIS. The high gas price had “disincentivised” use, he added. In 2021, the EU imported 155bn cubic metres of natural gas from Russia, accounting for about 45 per cent of EU gas imports and close to 40 per cent of its total gas consumption.

Please use the sharing tools found via the share button at the top or side of articles. Copying articles to share with others is a breach of FT.com T&Cs and Copyright Policy. Email licensing@ft.com to buy additional rights. Subscribers may share up to 10 or 20 articles per month using the gift article service.

Europe has also imposed sweeping new restrictions on Russia’s oil exports to limit its use of that energy source too.

The EU’s bar on seaborne Russian oil imports came into effect on Monday. G7 leaders, meanwhile, have agreed to launch a so-called price cap that aims to keep Russian oil flowing to countries such as India and China to avoid creating widespread shortages, but only if the crude is sold at less than $60 a barrel to crimp Moscow’s revenues.

Industry executives and analysts have warned, however, that without further declines in demand and more imports of LNG, gas shortages could persist for years in Europe.

“Demand will need to be lower than pre [Russia-Ukraine] war levels to get enough inventory” for next winter, said Alex Tuckett, head of economics at consultancy CRU Group. “The question is, how much demand reduction, and how painful it will be.”

The drop in demand meant gas storage facilities in the EU were at 95 per cent capacity in mid-November, according to industry body Gas Infrastructure Europe, close to an all-time high. Record inflows of LNG into the region also helped.

But colder weather in recent weeks has increased demand and storage facilities are now at about 93 per cent capacity. Oil – Plastic – Economy

At the same time, prices have risen. Dutch TTF gas futures, the benchmark European contract, are trading near €150 a megawatt hour, the highest in more than a month, but still only half the €300/MWh they briefly reached in August.

Higher gas prices are a burden on households and businesses, but they have enabled Europe to attract record volumes of LNG because of the premium it pays over other buyers.

ICIS data showed that Europe and the UK imported 11.14mn tonnes of LNG in November, a record monthly high, and are on course to receive 12.2mn tonnes in December.

Marzec-Manser added a note of caution on Europe’s planned cap on gas prices.

“Any move to cap wholesale gas prices could jeopardise Europe’s ability to secure [LNG] supply, not just this winter, but for next winter and beyond,” he said.


Oil - Plastic - Economy

-Russia rejects oil price cap agreed by EU, G7

  • Russia has rejected a $60 price cap on oil, agreed to by the EU, the G7 and Australia.
  • The price cap comes into effect Monday, along with an EU embargo on Russian crude oil.
  • The embargo will prevent Russian crude oil shipments to the EU, potentially cutting off earnings for the war.
  • For more finance news, go to the News24 Business front page.

Russia on Saturday rejected a $60 price cap on its oil agreed by the EU, G7 and Australia, which Ukraine said would contribute to destruction of Russia’s economy.

“We will not accept this price cap,” Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told domestic news agencies, adding that Russia, the world’s second largest crude exporter, was “analysing” the move.

The $60 (~R1 053) oil price cap will come into effect on Monday or soon after, alongside an EU embargo on maritime deliveries of Russian crude oil.

The embargo will prevent seaborne shipments of Russian crude to the European Union, which account for two thirds of the bloc’s oil imports, potentially depriving Russia’s war chest of billions of euros.  Oil – Plastic – Economy

Kyiv welcomes the price cap, which stops countries paying more than $60 a barrel for Russian oil deliveries by tanker vessel and is designed to make it harder for Russia to bypass EU sanctions by selling beyond the European Union at market prices.

“We always achieve our goal and the economy of Russia will be destroyed, and Russia itself will pay and be responsible for all crimes,” Ukraine’s presidential chief of staff Andriy Yermak said on Saturday.

The Kremlin also said Russian President Vladimir Putin would “in due time” visit the Donbas region of eastern Ukraine, which he claims to have annexed. But Peskov gave no indication of when this could happen.

Limit funds for the ‘war machine’

Poland had earlier refused to back the price cap over concerns the $60 ceiling was too high but confirmed its agreement on Friday evening.

Yermak noted a cap of “$30 would have destroyed it (the Russian economy) more quickly”.

The market price of a barrel of Russian Urals crude is currently around $65 dollars, just slightly higher than the $60 cap, indicating the measure may have only a limited impact in the short term.

The G7 said it was delivering on its vow “to prevent Russia from profiting from its war of aggression against Ukraine, to support stability in global energy markets and to minimise negative economic spillovers of Russia’s war of aggression”.

The White House described the cap as “welcome news” that would help limit Putin’s ability to fund the Kremlin’s “war machine”.  Oil – Plastic – Economy

Russia has threatened not to deliver to countries that adopted the measure.

The G7 and Australia said they were prepared to ajust the price ceiling if necessary.

Russia has earned 67 billion euros ($71 billion) from the sale of oil to the European Union since the start of the war in February.

Its annual military budget amounts to around 60 billion, noted Phuc-Vinh Nguyen, an energy expert at the Institut Jacques-Delors in Paris.

The EU embargo on seaborne deliveries follows a decision by Germany and Poland to stop taking Russian oil via pipeline by the end of 2022.


Oil - Plastic - Economy

-Cautious optimism as economy slowly comes back on track

Multiple projections suggest we may have left the worst behind

First the grim part – at least on the face of it. Government data released on 30 November 2022 shows that the Indian economy grew by 6.3% in the July-September quarter of 2022. This is way down from a 13.5% growth in the previous quarter of April-June. Last year, in the same July-September quarter, the GDP growth rate was 8.4%.

The government, however, paints a brighter picture. Chief economic adviser V Anantha Nageswaran told reporters that the Indian economy’s performance in the last quarter actually shows that it has maintained its momentum and that we are on track to grow by 6.8-7% in the current financial year. The IMF has projected the Indian economy to grow at 6.8% while the Reserve Bank of India’s estimates put it at 7%.

Economists also paint an optimistic picture. Business daily The Mint has quoted Aditi Nayar, Chief Economist at ICRA, as saying, “The Q2 FY2023 GDP growth of 6.3% was similar to our estimate of 6.5%, even as the GVA rise of 5.6% trailed our forecast (6.3%) by a wide margin, led by an unexpected contraction in manufacturing that seems to reflect the impact of high input prices on margins in certain sectors.” A few others spoke along similar lines. Oil – Plastic – Economy

A day before, on 29 November, Business Line quoted two reports – one by Nielsen IQ and another by BNP Paribas – on the growth pattern and new launches by FMCG companies. The Nielsen report says a few FMCG categories saw new launches in the quarter ending September compared to a year ago in the same period even as companies introduced new pack sizes amid inflationary pressures to make their products more accessible. Several new launches came from biggies such as Tata Consumer Products, Dabur India, and Britannia Industries

The BNP Paribas Consumer report says the FMCG industry’s three-year sales CAGR improved to 12.5%, led by price increases in some product categories. Godrej Consumer Products’ personal care segment rose 18% y-o-y, while HUL’s beauty and personal care division posted 11% y-o-y growth in Q2. Dabur’s foods and beverage segment saw 30% y-o-y sales growth, led by market size expansion. However, HUL’s food and refreshment business reported a 4% y-o-y growth in sales – impacted by muted health food drinks.

A primary inference that can be drawn from these reports is that it may spell good news for the packaging industry, which looks forward to a turnaround of the economy after the Covid disruption. The good responses and positive discussions at the Elite Conference in Mumbai, K2022 in Düsseldorf, and then again at the LabelExpo 2022 in Greater Noida certainly point to this optimism as we suggested in our last editorial even though raw material supplies and prices could be a bottleneck.

But we can also take refuge and seek hope in industry reports that paint an optimistic picture of the flexible packaging and paper packaging markets. Various industry estimates say that the global flexible packaging market is projected to grow at a CAGR of around 4.1 – 4.5% to reach between US$ 375 – 400 billion by 2029 from around US$ 252 billion in 2021.

Another report by Exactitude Consultancy, the market research and consulting wing of Ameliorate Digital Consultancy, says the Asia-Pacific, especially India and China, will lead the packaging market buoyed by rising economic value, and the rate of industrialization expansion. Another factor, as the report says, is that consumers now value packaging that is lightweight and effective because they are more cognizant of food safety. “The demand for flexible plastic packaging has increased in India due to the country’s growing understanding of the advantages of recycling and bioplastics,” the Exactitude report says. “Key market drivers will be the abundance of raw materials and the quickening pace of technical development in the flexible plastic packaging industry.”

Going on to a third report, India’s organized paper packaging, Crisil says, is likely to sustain its growth momentum, with revenue at 14-16% higher this fiscal after about a 35% growth in fiscal 2022, which was on a low base created in fiscal 2021 by the pandemic. Oil – Plastic – Economy

But even if we take all the estimates with a pinch of salt, one cannot discount the positive projections and optimism, (with the normal dose of caution), about the packaging industry in general expressed by most participants at LabelExpo 2022 and other events. And only hope that the usual bumps in the economy do not become cataclysmic disruptions.

The impact, resilience, and growth of responsible packaging in a wide region are daily chronicled by Packaging South Asia.

A multi-channel B2B publication and digital platform such as Packaging South Asia.is always aware of the prospect of new beginnings and renewal. Its 16-year-old print monthly, based in New Delhi, India has demonstrated its commitment to progress and growth. The Indian and Asian packaging industries have shown resilience in the face of ongoing challenges over the past three years.

As we present our publishing plan for 2023, India’s real GDP growth for the financial year ending 31 March 2023 will reach 6.3%. Packaging industry growth has exceeded GDP growth even when allowing for inflation in the past three years.

The capacity for flexible film manufacturing in India increased by 33% over the past three years. With orders in place, we expect another 33% capacity addition from 2023 to 2025. Capacities in monocartons, corrugation, aseptic liquid packaging, and labels have grown similarly. The numbers are positive for most of the economies in the region – our platform increasingly reaches and influences these.

Even given the disruptions of supply chains, raw material prices, and the challenge of responsible and sustainable packaging, packaging in all its creative forms and purposes has significant headroom to grow in India and Asia. Our context and coverage engulf the entire packaging supply chain – from concept to shelf and further – to waste collection and recycling. We target brand owners, product managers, raw material suppliers, packaging designers and converters, and recyclers. Oil – Plastic – Economy


Oil - Plastic - Economy

-Advances in Dry-Cut Strand Pelletizing, Centrifugal Drying

At K 2022 in October, MAAG debuted three products for dry cut strand pelletizing and a new centrigual dryer for underwater pelletizing.

At K 2022 in October, MAAG debuted three products for dry cut strand pelletizing and a new centrigual dryer for underwater pelletizing. Compared to its PRIMO S iteration, MAAG’s Primo SI has a new base frame that reportedly simplifies the integration of downstream equipment and machine handling. With the open design, the area under the machine is completely visible and accessible from all sides. The cutting head — as a unit with the base plate, drive and sound insulation hood now — now sits directly on four custom-made vibration dampers.

As a result, the entire cutting head (including attachments)  is completely decoupled from the base frame. In addition to the base frame, the acoustic hood has also been revised: narrower and with a slope in the front section. As a result, the entire machine looks slimmer and the noise level is further reduced. Oil – Plastic – Economy

The granulator is driven by an intelligent gear motor with integrated frequency converter and mini-PLC. This combination achieves optimum performance with extended technical features. In addition to various transfer signals and country-specific certificates, the drive comes with a Bluetooth interface that allows the operating parameters of the machine to be read live at any time.

Second, MAAG showed a strand pelletizing system for highly filled, hydroscopic and water-sensitive compounds. The EBG model reportedly offers a high degree of automation, gentle material processing and excellent product quality. From the die head to the granulator, the pelletizing system forms a unit that, despite its compact design, has features of a large compounding system. Automatic feeding in case of strand breaks, removal of melt residues on the die plate by the patented hot-air-knife and synchronization between conveyor belt and strand granulator to name a few.

Finall in strand-cut pelletizing, MAAG showed an AR model of a jet-stream JSG900 pelletizing system.

For pellet drying in underwater applications, MAAG’s  eXso centrifugal dryer now includes additional features that were developed to increase reliability, reduce changeover time and improve product quality. A defining feature is its three-door housing, which allows greater access and visibility to the interior of the unit. This allows for faster and more effective cleaning and lowers the risk of cross-contamination. In addition, eXso required 23% less floor space compared to centrifugal dryers of similar capacity.

Centrifugal Dryer for Pellets

eXso centrifugal dryers are billed as ideal for compounders and recyclers that require a reliable pellet drying step prior to packaging. eXso dryers have been tested and validated for rates up to 8200 kg/hr.


Advances in Dry-Cut Strand Pelletizing, Centrifugal Drying

-It’s Cheaper to Manufacture Plastic Products in Ohio than in China, Report Claims

The long-held belief that it is cheaper to import plastic products than to make them domestically is no longer true, according to Shale Crescent USA.

The world isn’t as flat as it used to be. Back in 2005 when The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Friedman hit bookstores, the one-two punch of globalization and China’s emergence as the world’s workshop seemed an unstoppable force. The view is very different from the perspective of 2022, and a report from Shale Crescent USA (SCUSA) released last month makes the case that offshoring is a spent force. Oil – Plastic – Economy

“China has lost its manufacturing competitive advantage and the annual $25 billion of exported plastic-based goods from China represent a vulnerable and accessible market share opportunity for US operations,” states the report’s executive summary. The long-held belief that it is cheaper to import plastic products is no longer true because, states the summary, “feedstock/resin and transportation are the largest cost drivers of globally produced plastic-based goods.” If you are a regular reader of our Resin Pricing Report, this will not come as news. While some of these trends have been exacerbated by the pandemic, and supply chains are still reeling from its shockwaves, the SCUSA report claims that this shift is not transitory. “Close proximity to low-cost raw materials coupled with direct access to consumer markets provide US manufacturers with significant cost advantages over China-based competitors,” notes the executive summary. “These changes are fundamental, long term, and will continue for the foreseeable future,” it adds.

Now, it’s worth noting that SCUSA is not an unbiased observer. It is a not-for-profit organization established in 2016 to promote the region of Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia, which sits atop the Marcellus and Utica natural gas fields, deemed to be the most prolific such fields in the United States. (The Shell cracker plant near Pittsburgh, which began operation last month, uses ethane from shale gas producers in the Marcellus and Utica basins. It is the first major polyethylene manufacturing complex in the northeastern United States.)

While SCUSA has a dog in the US vs. China fight, that doesn’t mean the assertions made in this report are unfounded. Clearly, the astronomical cost of shipping, a crippled supply chain, and China’s bizarre zero-COVID policy — a self-inflicted wound on manufacturing and commerce — have radically changed the offshoring calculus. The question is, I suppose, whether this is a permanent reset or a temporary dislocation. We know where SCUSA lands on this question. But, in my opinion, that is not the only consideration.

If we can build it here, we should, because we simply should not be an accessory to China’s ambitions. Oil – Plastic – Economy

As Clare Goldsberry documented in PlasticsToday over the years in countless articles before she retired, China does not respect intellectual property rights. More recently, it has become a belligerent force, crushing dissent in Hong Kong, herding minority populations into “re-education” camps, and threatening the status of Taiwan.

Moreover, it doesn’t even make economic sense to manufacture products in China and ship them over here, according to the SCUSA report. Milacron helped the organization to develop a “production cash flow cost model” that compares the cost of manufacturing plastic products in Ohio versus China. As the graphic below shows, domestic production can be very competitive, and even cheaper in some cases, when transportation is factored in. The cost model is available to processors and can be tailored to take into account specific operation considerations, according to SCUSA.


It’s Cheaper to Manufacture Plastic Products in Ohio than in China, Report Claims

-LyondellBasell, Audi collaborate on sustainable seat buckle casings

Chemical recycling can close the loop for car components

LyondellBasell and Audi have collaborated on the development of a closed-loop process for mixed automotive plastic waste, the companies have announced. The project, part of Audi’s PlasticLoop project, will see the car maker installing plastic seatbelt buckle covers in its Q8 e-tron model that are made using chemically recycled plastic from LyondellBasell. It is the first time a stream of material which to date has been mostly only suitable for energy recovery, has been able to be recycled. Oil – Plastic – Economy

Plastic components from customer vehicles that can no longer be repaired are dismantled, shredded, and processed by chemical recycler SynCycle – a joint project of the Austrian companies Next Generation Group and BDI-BioEnergy International – into pyrolysis oil. The pyrolysis oil is then used as a raw material in LyondellBasell’s manufacturing process for the production of new plastics, replacing virgin fossil feedstocks. The recycled content is attributed to the Audi product via a mass balance approach.

“For the first time, we are using chemical recycling to recycle mixed automotive plastic waste into plastic granulate for automotive interior applications,” said Erik Licht, LyondellBasell Advanced Polymer Solutions New Business Development Director.

Materials produced from pyrolysis oil are of the same high quality as virgin materials and have the same properties. Chemical recycling offers an alternative to energy recovery and complements mechanical recycling.

“Audi’s vision is to use secondary materials wherever it is technically possible, economically viable and ecologically beneficial,” said Philipp Eder, Project Manager for Circular Economy in the Supply Chain at Audi.

“The PlasticLoop project is part of Audi’s circular economy strategy and a good example of cross-sector cooperation within the Audi supply chain. Findings from the project are also incorporated into the product development of future vehicle projects via the “Design for Recycling” approach.” Oil – Plastic – Economy


LyondellBasell, Audi collaborate on sustainable seat buckle casings

-Itero ranks first in TechRound 100

A win that reveals the ‘deeply felt desire for an end to plastic waste’

Chemical recycling company Itero Technologies has come out on top in the TechRound 100.

The TechRound 100 competition is organised by TechRound, a news platform for the latest UK start-up and technology news.

This year, over 3000 applications were received, with the judges ‘blown away by the quality of entries including startups that operate in multiple countries and have raised vast amounts through funding rounds’. Oil – Plastic – Economy

Itero Technologies converts non-recyclable plastic waste into chemical products used to produce new plastics, keeping plastic in the circular economy, diverting end-of-life plastics from landfill and incineration, and reducing reliance on and the consumption of crude oil.

The production of plastics is projected to triple by 2060 but existing recycling methods are limited in the types of plastics they can process and the quality of recycled products.

As Simon Hansford, CEO of Itero, said: “Across industries, we see a significant technology gap to reduce, reuse, and recycle plastic; our technology comes in at the recycle phase to solve for plastics that would otherwise be destined for landfill or incineration and makes a linear lifecycle circular.”

In addition to operating an R&D Facility located near Heathrow, UK, Itero are currently developing their first at-scale demonstration plant at the Brightlands Chemelot Campus in the Netherlands. The company recently raised €6m in funding, with €5m from Infinity Recycling’s Circular Plastics Fund (CPF), to support the design and construction of the new demonstration plant, increase their R&D activities in the UK, and ready themselves for their next funding round. The plant will process 27,000 tonnes of residual plastic waste annually, equivalent to the total amount of plastic packaging waste generated by the population of Amsterdam municipality per year.

According to the company, as much as 85% of plastic waste still ends up in landfill and incineration. “There is an urgent demand for solutions to plastic waste,” said Hansford.”Being named in the No.1 position shows that this issue is bigger than any one company and demonstrates the deeply felt desire for an end to plastic waste.”


Itero ranks first in TechRound 100

Oil – Plastic – Economy

Recycled-BTX – Nonwoven – Weaving 05-12-2022

Bottle-recycling – Petrochemicals 05-12-2022

Bottle-recycling – Petrochemicals

Bottle-recycling - Petrochemicals

ITEM26 28/11/2022 05/12/2022 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 6,925 yuan/ton 6,950 yuan/ton +25
Bottle grade PET chips export market 905 $/ton 910 $/ton +5
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 6,380 yuan/ton 6,380 yuan/ton
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 6,530 yuan/ton 6,510 yuan/ton -20
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market 5,395 yuan/ton 5,275 yuan/ton -120
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 775 $/ton 765 $/ton -10
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 3,780 yuan/ton 3,930 yuan/ton +150
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 445 $/ton 472 $/ton +27
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market 946 $/ton 915 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 926 $/ton 895 $/ton -31
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,152 $/ton 1,117 $/ton -35
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 6,680 yuan/ton 6,850 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 6,850 yuan/ton 6,850 yuan/ton
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 7,850 yuan/ton 7,950 yuan/ton +100
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F

Bottle-recycling – Petrochemicals

8,100 yuan/ton 8,100 yuan/ton
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 7,600 yuan/ton 7,670 yuan/ton +70
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,000 yuan/ton 6,970 yuan/ton -30
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 11,725 yuan/ton 11,400 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,650 $/ton 1,630 $/ton -20
Nylon6 chips overseas  market 1,970 $/ton 1,970 $/ton
Nylon6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 12,750 yuan/ton 12,400 yuan/ton -350
Nylon6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market 13,200 yuan/ton 12,750 yuan/ton -450
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market 22,300 yuan/ton 21,300 yuan/ton -1,000
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 15,500 yuan/ton 15,050 yuan/ton -450
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 17,750 yuan/ton 17,300 yuan/ton- -450
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  15,900 yuan/ton 15,750 yuan/ton -150
Spandex 20D  domestic  market 40,500 yuan/ton 39,500 yuan/ton -1,000
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 37,000 yuan/ton 36,500 yuan/ton 500
Spandex 40D  domestic  market 34,000 yuan/ton 33,500 yuan/ton -500
Adipic Acid domestic market 9,150 yuan/ton 9,000 yuan/ton -150
Benzene domestic market

Bottle-recycling – Petrochemicals

6,390 yuan/ton 6,520 yuan/ton +130
Benzene overseas  market 771 $/ton 772 $/ton +1
Ethylene South East market 880 $/ton 880 $/ton
Ethylene NWE market 857 $/ton 866 $/ton +9
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market 10,000 yuan/ton 9,600 yuan/ton -400
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market 1,550 $/ton 1,500 $/tn -50
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 16,600 yuan/ton 16,600 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 12,900 yuan/ton 12,850 yuan/ton -50
PP Powder domestic market
7,730 yuan/ton 7,700 yuan/ton -30
Naphtha overseas market  699 $/ton 670 $/ton
Phenol domestic market 8,480 yuan/ton 8,060 yuan/ton -420

Bottle-recycling – Petrochemicals

Recycled-BTX – Nonwoven – Weaving 05-12-2022

Recycled-BTX – Nonwoven – Weaving

-Bottle-recycling – Petrochemicals 

Recycled-BTX - Nonwoven - Weaving

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-RePEaT Co. Ltd. to license polyester chemical recycling technology

RePEaT is a joint venture formed by Teijin, JGC and Itochu.

Teijin Ltd., JGC Holdings Corp. and Itochu Corp., each based in Japan, have announced an agreement to establish a joint venture company, RePEaT Co. Ltd., to license technology to chemically recycle polyester products. Teijin and JGC Holdings both own 45 percent of the joint venture, and Itochu owns 10 percent.

The new joint venture, based in Tokyo, will license chemical-recycling technology called dimethyl terephthalate (DMT), which decomposes and converts polyester (PET) and then repolymerizes it. Notably, the DMT method removes dyes and impurities, the companies say, making it possible to manufacture recycled PET with the same quality as petroleum-derived PET. Recycled-BTX – Nonwoven – Weaving

Teijin says it has extensive experience using DMT technology for the commercial production of polyester products, including colored textile scrap and colored PET scrap.

Currently, the companies say, disposed textile products are used as a heat source (thermal recovery) or as raw materials for the production of other products (material recycling). Chemical recycling, however, would allow used textile products to be turned into new textile raw materials.

After concluding a preliminary agreement in April 2021, the three companies explored commercial opportunities to globally license the technology, using Teijin’s DMT expertise and know-how, JGC’s general engineering experience and know-how in plant construction and Itochu’s global network in the textile industry. In view of the strong global demand envisioned for their licensed technology, the partners have now decided to proceed with establishing a commercial joint venture.

RePEaT will license recycling technology that was first developed by Teijin and then jointly streamlined and packaged by JGC and Teijin. Customers in Japan and other countries are expected to use the technology to launch chemical-recycling businesses for the production of polyester products.

In addition to technology licensing, RePEaT will provide consulting services to help customers establish ecosystems that collect used polyester fiber products for reuse as raw materials.


Recycled-BTX - Nonwoven - Weaving

-Recycled BTX samples on offer from Anellotech

Produced from mixed waste plastics via Plas-TCat process

Anellotech has produced drum quantities of aromatics produced from recycled mixed waste plastics. The company is offering the recycled benzene, toluene and xylenes (BTX) as samples to current and potential commercial partners.

The aromatics are the outcome of the company’s ongoing studies demonstrating Anellotech’s Plas-TCat catalytic pyrolysis technology, and produced at its fully automated, 30-meter-tall pilot plant located inside Trecora’s Silsbee, Texas facility.

“Anellotech can offer BTX samples made directly from mixed waste plastics to potential commercial partners to encourage engagement with our program,” says David Sudolsky, President and CEO of Anellotech. He noted that in contrast to thermal pyrolysis, Plas-TCat makes BTX and other chemicals in one reactor, providing true 100-percent recycled BTX without having to resort to a mass balance approach ‘for studies today and eventual future commercial use’.  Recycled-BTX – Nonwoven – Weaving

Based on a proprietary catalyst and fluid bed reactor- regenerator system, Plas-TCat provides a new, direct route to light olefins and aromatics from plastic waste streams. The system can operate 24/7 and converts a representative mixed waste plastics feedstock — polyolefins, polyamides (nylon), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polycarbonate and polystyrene, but not PVC –  into BTX, light olefins and paraffins, without the need for steam cracker furnaces.

The resulting output of benzene, toluene and xylenes, as well as ethylene, propylene and butylene (light olefins), are suitable after separation for plastics manufacturers to produce a wide range of virgin plastics.


Recycled-BTX - Nonwoven - Weaving

-Oerlikon Nonwoven: Sustainable System Solutions For Filtration Requirements

Sustainability, quality and efficiency are today’s requirements for systems solutions for filtration applications and their end products. These requirements are covered by the Oerlikon Nonwoven product portfolio in every respect. The company will be showcasing its meltblown and spunbond portfolio at the upcoming FILTECH in Cologne between February 14 and 16, 2023. Trade fair visitors will be able to meet the team at Stand B18 in Hall 8 to find out more about the hycuTEC charging unit, this year’s FILTREX Innovation Award winner, among other things. Recycled-BTX – Nonwoven – Weaving

hycuTEC – technological quantum leap for filter media

In the case of its hycuTEC hydro-charging solution, Oerlikon Nonwoven offers a new technology for charging nonwovens that increases filter efficiency to more than 99.99%. For meltblown nonwovens producers, this can mean material savings of 30% with significantly superior filter performance. Due to its extremely low water and energy consumption, the hycuTEC is also a future-proof, sustainable technology, as the process can be used without any additional drying steps in the case of most applications.

Sustainable nonwovens made from bio-based polymers

The bio-based polymer PLA (polylactic acid) is the perfect alternative for those wanting to manufacture sustainable nonwovens. And the Oerlikon Nonwoven meltblown and spunbond technologies are ideally suited for processing PLA, for example. To visualize this, the Neumünster-based systems builder will be presenting medical oronasal masks made from PLA at the FILTECH, whose protective effectiveness and wear comfort are equivalent to those of conventional PP masks.

Spunbond solutions for filter applications

Spunbond products are becoming increasingly important in filtration applications – as backing materials for filter media and as the filter media themselves. The fact that the nonwoven structure can be tailored to specific tasks enables targeted, customer-specific requirements for various functions to be realized. And combining various functions in a single layer is also possible. Recycled-BTX – Nonwoven – Weaving

The bi-component spinning process enables the creation of completely new nonwoven structures and hence the incorporation of various functions in a single material. The bicomponent spinning process permits various fiber cross-sections, while standard virgin polymers, bio-based polymers and recycled polyester can be used as raw materials.


Oerlikon Nonwoven: Sustainable System Solutions For Filtration Requirements

-HYDROGEN POLICY: US lawmakers, ACC promote Hydrogen for Industry Act

US senators are working on legislation to support the adoption of hydrogen in energy-intensive sectors.

Senators Chris Coons (Democrat, Delaware) and John Cornyn (Republican, Texas) joined forces on the bipartisan Hydrogen Infrastructure Initiative, also known as the Hydrogen for Industry Act, which is a package of three bills and is also known as S. 3112.

Hydrogen is a high-energy fuel source that does not emit greenhouse gases at the point of use, properties that allow it to be used in intense and long-duration applications, the lawmakers said, in promoting hydrogen use. Recycled-BTX – Nonwoven – Weaving

“In order to move toward a more sustainable future, it is imperative that we invest in the programmes and technologies that will help us get there,” said Coons.

“Delaware is leading the way in advancing hydrogen technologies, which can provide a clean and reliable source of energy for the hardest to decarbonise applications and help us move away from fossil fuels.

“Hydrogen deployment in emissions-intensive sectors, such as steel production and shipping, offers the potential to substantially reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve air quality, all while maintaining energy and economic security.”

The American Chemistry Council (ACC) on Thursday expressed its support for the Hydrogen for Industry Act.

The legislation would amend the Energy Policy Act of 2005 to establish a hydrogen technologies for heavy industry grant programme.

The Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee is holding a hearing on Thursday to receive testimony on the Hydrogen for Industry Act and other bills.

“We commend Sen. Coons for helping to drive critical investment in the development of hydrogen technologies for the industrial sector,” said Charles Franklin, the ACC’s senior director for energy, climate, and environment. Recycled-BTX – Nonwoven – Weaving

“Chemical companies are among the leaders and participants in exploring the use of hydrogen to help reduce emissions and create jobs. The chemical industry is both a use market and a solution provider for the hydrogen economy.”

He added: “The Hydrogen for Industry Act recognises the US industry’s key role in hydrogen production and technology development and how it can contribute to the hydrogen and fuel cell supply chain going forward. The grant programme created by S. 3112 can help accelerate hydrogen projects that benefit our economy and environment.”

Some ACC members have begun or are developing projects to use hubs for hydrogen, carbon capture, and other lower-emissions technologies.

As part of this effort, the ACC is urging the US Department of Energy (DoE) to fully support chemical industry participation in the development of industrial hydrogen hubs.

As an energy-intensive industry, the chemical sector is a promising use market for hydrogen fuels and technologies.

Meanwhile, chemistry products are being used to build the hydrogen economy.

Examples include carbon fibre used in hydrogen storage, chemistries used in proton exchange membranes, specialty polymers and other inputs for fuel cell components and technologies, thermoplastic and thermoset composites for hydrogen pressure vessels, and recycling of fuel cell materials.

The Hydrogen for Industry Act requires the DOE to establish grant programmes to support the use of hydrogen in energy. Recycled-BTX – Nonwoven – Weaving

Specifically, the DOE must establish a grant program for projects that demonstrate the uses of hydrogen in heavy industry (for example steel, cement, glass and chemical manufacturing).


HYDROGEN POLICY: US lawmakers, ACC promote Hydrogen for Industry Act

-Itema to showcase weaving solutions range at India ITME 2022

Italy-based Itema, a leading supplier of weaving machines, spare parts, and integrated services, will exhibit at India ITME 2022, which will be held at the India Exposition Mart IEML in Greater Noida (Delhi) from December 8–13. The company will be displaying the R9500-2denim and the Itema rapier R9500-2 in jacquard version at the fair in Hall 15, Booth C6D5. Recycled-BTX – Nonwoven – Weaving

The R9500-2denim, a racehorse in Itema’s rapier technology portfolio, is a weaving machine equipped with the one-of-a-kind iSAVER, a device developed by Itemalab, which eliminates the waste selvedge on the left-hand side of the fabric, allowing never-before-seen raw materials and economic savings. iSAVER established a new benchmark in the weaving industry and today represents the only device effectively running in real weaving conditions, capable of contributing to a sustainable weaving process, according to a press release by Itema.

Moreover, an Itema rapier R9500-2 in jacquard version and weaving furnishing fabrics will also be exhibited at the event.

“We are excited to be finally back at India ITME 2022. India is a key market for Itema and we really value our Indian customers. Our target is much more than selling our weaving machines. We aim at creating long-lasting partnerships built on mutual success,” said Ugo Ghilardi, Itema Group CEO. Recycled-BTX – Nonwoven – Weaving

“The year 2022 represents a landmark year for Itema in India. We are proud to see how our weaving technology is nowadays recognised as the most versatile and the most reliable in terms of textile mastery and performances. In 2022, we established a new record: Itema is by far the best-selling supplier of high-end rapier weaving machines in India,” said general manager sales Sameer Kulkarni, Itema Weaving India.

This success is largely due to the Itema leadership of the Surat region, where weavers selected the Itema rapier weaving machines R9500-2 and R9000-2 as their preferred option for weaving sophisticated fashion apparel and saree fabrics. Both with dobby and jacquard shedding, the Itema rapier technology demonstrated superior performances in terms of fabric quality and insertion of fancy yarns.

Itema is present in India with a fully operational branch since 2003, counting more than 50 employees, with sales and after-sales teams, technical support, and advanced repair centres to ensure the highest possible standard of weaving solutions, with a complete offering and range of services for its customers in the Indian market, added the release.

Itema is a trusted partner of many Indian weaving mills, from large textile conglomerates to smaller textile manufacturers, providing advanced and user-friendly weaving technology and real-time assistance, from the initial negotiation stage and throughout the whole machine life cycle.


Itema to showcase weaving solutions range at India ITME 2022

-“First” Bacteria to Upcycle Single-Use PET Heading to Space

Collaborators at Seed Health, MIT, NREL, Weil Cornell and Harvard have built an autonomous biological system which converts PET to an environmentally-benign “new” plastic. Recycled-BTX – Nonwoven – Weaving

We have reported over the last several years on bacteria-based biodegrable bioplastics with PHA (polyhydroxyalkanoate) the most notable in terms of commercial realization and impact. Recently, we were contacted by Seed Health, a microbiome science company, regarding its new environmental research collaboration with MIT Media Lab Space Exploration Initiative, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Weill Cornell Medicine (WCM) and Harvard Medical School, which will send the first bacteria to upcycle single-use plastic (PET) to the International Space Station (ISS).  At the helm, is Seed Health’s environmental division SeedLabs which harnesses the power of microbes to unlock a new method for the degradation, reuse and redesign of plastic that could reimagine the future of waste management—both in spaceflight and on Earth.

Collectively, this project’s team have built the first biological system to upcycle single-use PET into an environmentally-benign ‘new plastic’ via engineered bacteria. The system first introduces PET to a specialized enzyme, which breaks it down into organic compounds, then utilizes the bacterial strain Pseudomonas putida to convert these compounds into β-ketoadipic acid (BKA)—a high-performance nylon monomer which can be formulated into various objects. Recycled-BTX – Nonwoven – Weaving

The biological system was scheduled for transport to the ISS aboard SpaceX CRS-26 on November 26, 2022, out of Kennedy Space Center. The unique microgravity and radiation at the space station may act as catalysts for sustained, enhanced bioactivity, allowing for more efficient biological upcycling. Moreover, the conditions will allow the researchers to test mechanistic performance following exposure to UV radiation outside of Earth’s atmosphere, in anticipation for changing environmental conditions on Earth and beyond. Once in-orbit, the autonomous system will proceed with the pre-programmed experiment schedule, enabling culturing and data collection without need for human intervention or astronaut resources.

Said NREL biologist Allison Werner, “Microbes have evolved enzymes and catabolic pathways to degrade and catabolize human-made plastics as carbon and energy sources. Our system takes that biological process one step further, microbially upcycling those degraded compounds into a high-performance material for reconfiguration. This empowers us to not only redefine the lifetime of synthetic plastics on Earth, but represents a new frontier for resource utilization in space travel.”

Explained Xin Liu, MIT Space Exploration Initiative Arts Curator, “Microbes’ versatile upcycling capabilities offer a promising tool for the future of space exploration, where In-situ Resource Utilization is crucial for longer and more adaptable manned space missions. We hope our open-source system can present a potential to enable more access to synthetic biology experiments and applications in spaceflight that will ultimately enable resource-sustainability in space travel. More importantly, we must remember that our Earth is also a spaceship –– for us, the importance of this research is not limited to space flight but its benefit for our home planet.” Recycled-BTX – Nonwoven – Weaving

Seed Health Co-CEO and Co-Founder, Raja Dhir, noted that the company was founded on the belief that the application of microbes holds vast potential to solve some of our greatest health and environmental challenges. “It is an honor to collaborate with experts at the forefront of microbial innovation to empower a circular economy for plastic and to imagine a future where ecologies impacted by human activity could recover.”  This latest expedition expands Seed Health’s environmental work under SeedLabs, reflecting its commitment to advance microbially-derived solutions for planetary health.


"First" Bacteria to Upcycle Single-Use PET Heading to Space

Recycled-BTX – Nonwoven – Weaving

Tire-cord – Plastic – Recycling – rPET 03-12-2022

Tire-cord – Plastic – Recycling – rPET 03-12-2022

Tire-cord – Plastic – Recycling – rPET

-Kordsa to add tire cord capacity in Turkey

Kordsa opens new tire cord facility in Indonesia

Reinforcement materials supplier currently carrying out two expansion projects in Turkey, US

Istanbul, Turkey – Turkish supplier of reinforcement materials Kordsa has announced a new project to add production capacity for single-end polyester cord used in tire applications.

The company began its ‘single end cord – SEC dipping line expansion project’ in Turkey in the third quarter of 2022, CEO Ibrahim Ozgur Yildirim explained in a written statement to ERJ.

The $7-million investment in the second single-cord dipping unit, he said, is a “crucial part” of the company’s strategy to meet automotive industry demand for innovative raw materials. Tire-cord – Plastic – Recycling – rPET

The company expects to start production at the new line in the first quarter of 2024, Yildirim added.

In addition to this latest investment, Kordsa is currently carrying out two other expansion projects at its manufacturing plants in Izmit, Turkey and Chattanooga, Tennessee.

At Izmit, a $18-million (€18 million) investment in adding capacity for high modulus low shrinkage (HMLS) polyester yarn is expected to start operation in the third quarter of 2024, said Yildirim.

Started in 2019, the project will add 7 kilotonnes per annum (ktpa) of production capacity to bring total output for HMLS polyester yarns to 34ktpa at the Turkish plant.

The new capacity, according to Yildirim, will strengthen Kordsa’s position in producing new generation polyester yarn products for the tire industry.

Kordsa has also recently launched a $20-million investment project to double production capacity at its tire cord fabric manufacturing facility in Chattanooga.

“Our tire cord fabric production capacity in US today is 16 ktpa,” said Yildirim, “the new line will be adding 18kt, so doubling our capacity.”

According to the Kordsa official, the company’s production site in North America is currently running at full capacity “to locally support our customers in the region.”


Tire-cord - Plastic - Recycling - rPET

-New Hi-Dura™ MED Nylon Based Products are Heat Stability

Press Release Summary:

  • Features include high mechanical strength and rigidity
  • Suitable for diagnostics, medical mobility, hygiene, medical packaging, surgical tools and medical housings

Ascend Performance Materials and Foster Corporation Announce New Hi-Dura™ MED Nylon Based Products for The Medical Market

Putnam, CT   USA – (December 1, 2022) – Foster Corporation’s Distribution business, a leader in material solutions for the critical application healthcare market segment and Ascend Performance Materials, a leader in the manufacture and marketing of nylon-based materials and technologies, are pleased to announce Ascend’s new Hi-Dura™ MED grade nylon (PA) based materials for the high performance medical device market that Foster will distribute.

The initial Ascend medical product line launch consists of three products:

  • Hi-Dura™ MED AG33 NT0862 (glass filled PA6,6)
  • Hi-Dura™ MED AI1 NT0861 (impact modified PA6,6)
  • Hi-Dura™ MED AP NT0860 (lubricated unfilled PA6,6)

All three of the above products have been tested, and passed, for compliance to ISO 10993-5. Ascend plans to launch further nylon based medical product introductions in 2023 to compliment, and expand the initial product line.

“Foster was appointed as a distributor for Ascend in the medical market earlier in 2022, and has worked closely with Ascend in the development of this product line and is pleased to be one of Ascend’s marketing partners for these products,” said Larry Johnson, President of Foster Distribution. “Nylon 6,6 has been an underused material resource in the medical device community, mainly because not many nylon  6,6 producers have addressed the market up until now. Ascend has done a great job in assessing medical customer needs and coming out with an initial product line that addresses the needs they observed.”

“Foster Corporation is a well- known name in the medical device industry with a strong reputation of providing quality products and technical service,” said Dhruv Shah, Ascend Global Business Manager Healthcare. “Ascend is proud to have established this relationship and we look forward to growing our healthcare business with their support.”

Nylon based products are recognized for their high-performance characteristics including high mechanical strength, rigidity, and heat stability. Applications segments include diagnostics, medical mobility, hygiene, medical packaging, surgical tools, medical housings as well as many others.

For more information about Ascend Performance Materials and Foster Corporation and its Distribution’s business please visit www.fosterpolymers.com.

About Ascend Performance Materials

Ascend Performance Materials makes high-performance materials for everyday essentials and new technologies. Our focus is on improving quality of life and inspiring a better tomorrow through innovation. Based in Houston, Texas, and with regional offices in Shanghai, Brussels and Detroit, we are a fully integrated material solutions provider with global manufacturing facilities in North America, Europe and Asia. Our 2,800-person global workforce makes the engineered materials, fabrics, fibers and chemicals used to make safer vehicles, cleaner energy, better medical devices, smarter appliances and longer-lasting apparel and consumer goods. We are committed to safety, sustainability, inclusion and diversity, and to the success of our customers and our communities. For more information visit www.ascendmaterials.com.


New Hi-Dura™ MED Nylon Based Products are Heat Stability

-HeiQ Mints Botanical Antimicrobial

Based on an extract of peppermint oil, the antimicrobial is effective on a range of polymers.

Switzerland’s HeiQ Group is introducing a new antimicrobial product for polymers based on the botanical extract peppermint oil. This is in response to consumer demand for greener solutions and increasing regulatory pressure on conventional antimicrobials such as silver and triclosan used in the plastics industry, said the company.

HeiQ’s Life Natural is a peppermint-based antimicrobial that demonstrates broad-spectrum efficacy against bacteria and can be used in a range of polymers, including transparent ones, such as polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, ABS, and PVC. Life Natural keeps footwear odor-free, treating fabric linings (cotton, cellulosic, or polyester), foam insoles, leather, and PVC uppers. The antimicrobial conforms to the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA). Tire-cord – Plastic – Recycling – rPET

Anders Olsson, Sales Director at HeiQ, explained: “We offer antimicrobial built-in solutions for plastics, and we typically work closely with compounders, masterbatch makers, and converters to address antimicrobial needs for end users in consumer, industrial, and medical applications.”

Olsson also described the company’s silver-based antimicrobial offering for elevated-temperature applications called HeiQ HyProTecht, which can be used in significantly lower dosages compared with conventional silver-based antimicrobials. “For example, in polycarbonate, the HeiQ HyProTecht silver-based additive is only used at one-third of the dosage required by competing products, which yields unbeatable cost and excellent transparency. Silver normally discolors resins such as polyester,” he added. Target applications include medical devices, home appliances, food handling and preparation surfaces, and footwear.

HeiQ has also developed HeiQ Ecos, a transparent electrically conductive and infrared reflective coating based on silver nanowire technology. The coating transmits up to 98% of visible light and can function as transparent heating layers, invisible wiring, conductive coatings, and printed electronics, or offer anti-static discharge protection of electronic components.

Coatings based on HeiQ Ecos silver nanowires are suitable for a variety of substrates, including rigid and flexible; glass and plastic; as well as plane and curved substrates. Compared with conductive polymers such as PEDOT/PSS, HeiQ ECOS can demonstrate significantly better conductivity with simultaneously higher optical transmission/transparency in the visible range (400 to 800 nm), according to the company. The silver nanowires demonstrate their strength for applications where 50 to 100 ohm/sq are required.


Tire-cord - Plastic - Recycling - rPET

-December contract price of benzene in Europe decreased by EUR196 per ton

The December contract price of benzene in Europe has been agreed at EUR667 per tonne, down EUR196 per tonne from November,ICIS said.

This is the lowest figure since February 2021. The agreement was confirmed by three sellers and three buyers on Wednesday.

The price decline was the result of falling crude oil prices, weak demand in the spot market, as players seek to minimize inventory levels in 2023 amid disappointing macroeconomic forecasts for the coming quarter.

The December contract price was agreed in US dollars at USD691 per tonne and converted to euro at the agreed exchange rate EUR1=USD1,034.

At the same time, the price decreased by USD168 per ton compared to November in dollar terms.

The contract price was agreed on the basis of value, insurance and freight (CIF), Northwest Europe (NWE).

Earlierit was reported that the November contract price for benzene in Europe was agreed at the level of EUR863 per ton, which is EUR42 per ton higher than in October.

Benzene is the raw material for the production of styrene, which, in turn, is the main raw material for the production of polystyrene (PS).

According to theScanPlast review, the estimated consumption of polystyrene and styrene plastics in the first nine months of 2022 amounted to 402.93 thousand tons, which is 4% less than the volume of consumption for the same period last year.

December contract price of benzene in Europe decreased by EUR196 per ton

-AMI: New dataset – Tough year for polymer demand but underlying differences are strong

A new dataset from AMI Consulting shows the challenges facing the European plastics industry in 2022 and through to 2027. It covers all of Europe including Russia and former CIS countries.

GDP forecasts for 2022 still look quite healthy. The IMF in its October update forecast 2.6% growth for Europe in 2022, a figure that would be higher if Russia and Ukraine were excluded. Advanced Europe is expected to grow 3.2%.

However, the virgin polymer market looks less healthy with AMI forecasting a 0.4% decline in plastic consumption. This headline number hides wide differences between polymers, between processes, between countries and between applications.

The weakest process is fibre extrusion. There are two specific areas of fibres that are very weak 1) hygiene and medical nonwovens and 2) carpets. Hygiene nonwovens have been a very strong market – especially in 2020. Masks, other PPE like draps and gowns and hygiene wipes, all saw very strong demand.

Some of these were imported from Asia, but much was made in Europe and demand for spunbond machines was very strong. Now we are using less of this equipment demand is falling off. Carpet production in Europe has been weak for decades, but the energy crisis this year has further put up costs. Cheaper Asian products have taken another leap in share of the home carpet market. Automotive carpet volumes continue to be impacted by weak production in that market. Tire-cord – Plastic – Recycling – rPET

Injection moulding is the largest single process for virgin polymers in Europe. It is in the middle of the growth profile, with a small decline. However, there are strong differences between polymers, countries and applications. Some of the differences are due to sustainability concerns – for example inter-polymer substitution in packaging, changes in automotive components due to electrification and lightweighting. Others are due to economic change – for example the continued weakness in the automotive industry continues to bite.

The strongest (or perhaps least weak) polymer application is film. Film production tends to be less sensitive to economic hardships than other sectors of the polymer market. Growth through the Covid crisis was steady and that trend looks set to continue in 2022 and up to 2027 There are also substantial differences between different polymers with films – with sustainability and changing consumer trends driving differential performance.

Data set: Polymer Demand In Europe



AMI: New dataset - Tough year for polymer demand but underlying differences are strong

-‘Nature has practiced closed-loop recycling for millions of years’

As the momentum for more sustainability continues to build, major players in the industry are exploring ways to reduce their environmental impact and in many cases, looking to nature to do so. Biotechnology is increasingly seen as one of the avenues available to become more environmentally responsible. As Markus Steilemann, CEO of Covestro pointed out: “Biotechnology has enormous potential to produce plastics in a more environmentally friendly and efficient way.”

With the expansion of its biotechnology competence centre, Covestro is further broadening its capabilities in industrial biotechnology. The centre, which opened four years ago, now also boasts a publicly funded research group, with more space and sophisticated equipment in a new laboratory that Covestro has built at its headquarters in Leverkusen.

This junior research group enzyme catalysis, or NEnzy for short, will receive a total of 2.5 million Euros in funding from the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research for five years and is cooperating closely with RWTH Aachen University in Germany. The group is exploring, among others, how to use microorganisms and enzymes to make Covestro’s products and processes even more sustainable. Tire-cord – Plastic – Recycling – rPET

The researchers are looking at how to recycle end-of-life products and plastic waste through enzymatic recycling as well as the use of enzymes to treat wastewater in plastics production. Another focus is the targeted and complete decomposition of used plastic in nature.

“We are taking nature as our model, which has created sensational processes and has practiced closed-loop recycling for millions of years,” said Dr. Gernot Jäger, who heads Covestro’s Biotechnology Competence Center.

Specifically, Covestro is already using biotechnology to research and develop new ways to produce sustainable aniline. This basic chemical has, until now, been obtained almost exclusively from fossil raw materials such as petroleum, which releases CO2. Covestro needs aniline to produce a precursor (MDI) that is used to make insulating foam for buildings and refrigeration equipment.

Together with partners from industry and science, Covestro has developed a pioneering process to produce aniline from plant-based raw materials such as straw or sugar beet plants in an environmentally compatible way using microorganisms. Fully biobased aniline has already been obtained in this way and successfully processed into test products. Now the process, which has already won several awards, is to be further developed on a larger scale. The project is funded with public funds from the German Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture. Tire-cord – Plastic – Recycling – rPET


‘Nature has practiced closed-loop recycling for millions of years’

-European Commission on bio-based & biodegradable plastics: ‘Since they are called ‘bio’, consumers have the perception they are good for the environment – however, this is only true to a certain extent’

Bio-based, biodegradable and compostable plastics are often considered as the environmental heroes taking on conventional plastic – but the European Commission says such formats need to be approached carefully if they’re to live up to their promise.

Releasing its policy framework on bio-based, biodegradable and compostable plastics this week, the European Commission highlights that a number of conditions need to be met for such plastics to have a positive environmental impact – rather than exacerbating plastic pollution. Tire-cord – Plastic – Recycling – rPET

“Biobased, biodegradable and compostable plastics can bring advantages over conventional ones if designed for circularity, produced safely and from sustainably sourced feedstock, prioritizing the efficient use of secondary biomass, and compliant with relevant standards,” it says.

“However, these plastics also present challenges. It is important to ensure that they contribute to the circular economy, which aims to keep the value of resources, materials and products in the economy for as long as possible and to avoid waste.”

But European Bioplastics, which represents the European bioplastics industry, says that bio-based feedstocks will be a necessary part of the future if the European Union is to move away from plastic waste as per its wide-ranging Packaging and Packaging Waste Regulation (PPWR) proposals released this week.

A growing industry

Globally, bio-based, biodegradable and compostable plastics represent 1% of total plastic production capacity, for a volume of over two million tonnes per year.

That is not much: but production is expected to grow faster than in previous years and will double share of total plastic production capacity by 2025.

Asia accounts for nearly half of production capacity, but it’s an increasingly important area in Europe, with around a quarter. As the industry grows, the European Commission wants to ensure it grows in the right way.

A key, overriding problem with the sector, it says, is that consumers are misled into assuming anything with the word ‘bio’ in its is sustainable – while the full picture is much more complicated.

Bio-based plastics are essentially those which are made from biomass as opposed to fossil resources. Commonly used raw materials are sugarcane, cereal crops, oil crops, wood, cooking oil, bagasse and tall oil. Plastics can be fully or partially made from bio-based feedstock. Bio-based plastics can be either biodegradable or non-biodegradable.

Biodegradable plastics are those designed to decompose at the end of life by conversion of all organic constituents into carbon dioxide, water, new biomass, mineral salts, and, in the absence of oxygen, methane.

Compostable plastics, meanwhile, are a subset of biodegradable plastics designed to biodegrade under controlled conditions, typically through industrial composting in special facilities for composting or anaerobic digestion. Tire-cord – Plastic – Recycling – rPET

Biomass production

Production of biomass requires the use of natural resources (land and water) and the use of chemicals such as fertilisers and pesticides. That can create competition with crops needed for human consumption, or result in deforestation or ecosystem degradation.

“The circular economy action plan identifies the need to address emerging sustainability challenges related to sourcing, labelling and the use of bio-based plastics, based on assessing where the use of bio-based feedstock results in genuine environmental benefits, going beyond reduction in using fossil resources,” says the EC in its policy framework.

“This means also ensuring that the use of bio-based feedstock does not have negative impacts on biodiversity, ecosystems or land and water use.”

To tackle this, producers should prioritize the use of organic waste and by-products as feedstock, says the framework. And when this isn’t possible, biomass needs to be created in a sustainable way.

“As consumers expect bio-based plastics to be genuinely sustainable, whenever a product is made of bio-based content and carries a claim on bio-based content, the content must originate from sustainably sourced biomass.”

No certification

There is currently no mandatory minimum bio-based content nor agreed certification scheme for a plastic product to be labelled as ‘biobased’.

The EC wants to see this changed: when communicating on bio-based content, the policy will specify producers should refer to the exact and measurable share of biobased plastic content in the product (for example: ‘the product contains 50% bio-based plastic content’).

Radiocarbon-based methods should be preferred for measuring bio-based content.

Biodegradable plastics

The EC says that biodegradable plastics ‘must be approached with caution’.

A group of scientific advisors were charged with assessing the biodegradability of plastics in the open environment – with their resulting opinion going as far as to suggest limiting the use of biodegradable plastics in the open environment ‘only to specific applications for which reduction, reuse or recycling are not feasible’.

Much of this comes from concerns over whether products end up in the right environment in which they can biodegrade. Tire-cord – Plastic – Recycling – rPET

Another concern is the additives which are used for manufacturing biodegradable plastics and their potential toxicity – ‘a comparison with conventional plastics indicates that biodegradable plastics can be similarly toxic’.

Any plastics labelled ‘biodegradable’ should specify exactly what circumstances they will biodegrade in and how long it will take, says the policy framework.

“Biodegradable plastics have their place in a sustainable future, but they need to be directed to specific applications where their environmental benefits and value for the circular economy are proven.

“Biodegradable plastics should by no means provide a licence to litter. Also, they must be labelled to show how long they will take to biodegrade, under which circumstances and in which environment. Products that are likely to be littered including those covered by the Single-Use Plastics Directive cannot be claimed to be or labelled as biodegradable.”

“Industrially compostable plastics [the policy does not cover home composting] should only be used when they have environmental benefits, they do not negatively affect the quality of the compost and when there is a proper biowaste collection and treatment system in place. Industrially compostable packaging will only be allowed for tea bags, filter coffee pods and pads, fruit and vegetable stickers, and very light plastic bags. The products must always specify that they are certified for industrial composting, in line with EU standards.” Tire-cord – Plastic – Recycling – rPET

Industry association: ‘We would have expected stronger support’

European Bioplastics, which represents the interest of the European bioplastics industry, says the Commission has missed an opportunity to fully embrace a ‘necessary shift’ to bio-based feedstock.

It notes that the sustainability issues around bio-based plastics are complex – but that the EU’s packaging proposals to prioritize recycled content and recycling is simply not enough to replace the dependence on fossil resources.

“We appreciate the Commission’s first comprehensive policy framework on innovative bioplastic materials, acknowledging their potential to provide genuine environmental benefits. EUBP in particular commends the Commission’s endorsement of the important role of compostable plastic packaging in the proposed packaging rules in reaching the ambitious waste and climate targets,” says Hasso von Pogrell, Managing Director of EUBP, “however, we would have expected stronger support for the use of bio-based feedstock”.

“The Commission’s proposal for a Regulation on Packaging and Packaging Waste (PPWR) recognises the contributions of compostable plastics in increasing the volumes and quality of separately collected bio waste and reducing the contamination of (organic) waste streams. By making several packaging applications mandatory to be compostable in industrial composting facilities, including tea bags, filter coffee pods and pads, fruit stickers, and very lightweight plastic carrier bags, the Commission is taking a first step in the right direction. Tire-cord – Plastic – Recycling – rPET

“Unfortunately, a few persistent misconceptions remain in the Communication on the policy framework for bio-based, biodegradable and compostable plastics with regards to land-use, the methods used to evaluate environmental benefits, alleged risks of cross-contamination of waste streams, as well as biodegradability in different environments. It prevented the Commission from fully embracing the shift to bio-based products that would enable Europe to reduce its dependency on fossil resources and achieve its ambitious climate and circularity goals.”

Notably, the Commission’s proposal for a PPWR does not go as far as promoting bio-based content equally to recycled content through targets to help secure feedstock availability, to achieve recycled content targets, and to meet the strict requirements for contact-sensitive materials.

“We call on EU policymakers to show more ambition and clear vision in their political support to bio-based and compostable plastics by improving and further clarifying the proposal with the aim to decisively support innovation in the sector of sustainable materials and packaging solutions, ensuring that investments, jobs, and innovation remain in Europe”, concludes von Pogrell.

The European Commission’s policy framework on bio-based, biodegradable and compostable plastics will guide future EU work on this issue, for example Ecodesign requirements for sustainable products, funding programs and international discussions.

European Commission on bio-based & biodegradable plastics: ‘Since they are called ‘bio’, consumers have the perception they are good for the environment – however, this is only true to a certain extent’

Tire-cord – Plastic – Recycling – rPET

Packaging-recycling -Plastics-circularity 02-12-2022

Packaging-recycling -Plastics-circularity 02-12-2022

Packaging-recycling -Plastics-circularity

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Asia does not reach agreement on December contract prices of paraxylene

Negotiators to agree on December’s contract prices for paraxylene in Asia have failed to reach an agreement for this month, market sources toldICIS.

Sellers’ offers were at USD1,000-1,070 per tonne, CFR (cost and freight) Asia versus buyers’ offers at USD800-850 per tonne, CFR Asia.

This is the twelfth time this year that no agreement has been reached.

Earlierit was reported that the average capacity utilization at Chinese plants for the production of paraxylene remained stable in the week ended November 25, compared with the level of three weeks earlier. Thus, last week the load of paraxylene production in China was 78%. While in the week ended November 4, the average load of paraxylene plants in China increased by 7%. Packaging-recycling -Plastics-circularity

According to theSknaPlast review, the estimated consumption of PET in September of this year increased by 32% compared to a year earlier and amounted to 78.81 thousand tons. According to the results of the first nine months of this year, 621.61 thousand tons of PET were processed in Russia, which is 1% more than the same indicator in 2021.


Packaging-recycling -Plastics-circularity

-EU: Putting an end to wasteful packaging and boosting reuse and recycling

To address this continually expanding source of waste and consumer annoyance, the Commission has proposed new EU-wide rules on packaging.

On average, each European generates almost 180 kg of packaging waste per year. Packaging is one of the main users of virgin materials, as 40% of plastics and 50% of paper used in the EU are destined for packaging. Without action, the EU would see a further 19% increase in packaging waste by 2030, and for plastic packaging waste, even a 46% increase.

The new rules aim to stop this trend. For consumers, they will ensure reusable packaging options, eliminate unnecessary packaging, limit overpackaging, and provide clear labels to support correct recycling. For the industry, they will create new business opportunities, especially for smaller companies, decrease the need for virgin materials, boost Europe’s recycling capacity, and make Europe less dependent on primary resources and external suppliers. They will put the packaging sector on track for climate neutrality by 2050.

The Commission also brings clarity to consumers and industry on bio-based, compostable, and biodegradable plastics, setting out for which applications such plastics are truly environmentally beneficial and how they should be designed, disposed of, and recycled.

The proposals are crucial pieces of the Circular Economy Action Plan of the European Green Deal, which aims to standardize sustainable products. Additionally, they gave in to specific requests made by Europeans at the Conference on the Future of Europe.

Preventing packaging waste, boosting reuse and refill, and making all packaging recyclable by 2030  Packaging-recycling -Plastics-circularity

The proposed revision of the EU legislation on Packaging and Packaging Waste has three main objectives. First, to prevent the generation of packaging waste: reduce its quantity, restrict unnecessary packaging, and promote reusable and refillable packaging solutions. Second, to boost high quality (‘closed loop’) recycling: make all packaging on the EU market recyclable in an economically viable way by 2030. And finally, to reduce the need for primary natural resources and create a well-functioning market for secondary raw materials, increase the use of recycled plastics in packaging through mandatory targets.

The headline target is to reduce packaging waste by 15% by 2040 per Member State per capita, compared to 2018. This would lead to an overall waste reduction in the EU of some 37% compared to a scenario without changing the legislation. It will happen through both reuse and recycling.

To foster reuse or refill of packaging, which has declined steeply in the last 20 years, companies will have to offer a certain percentage of their products to consumers in reusable or refillable packaging, for example takeaway drinks and meals or e-commerce deliveries. There will also be some standardisation of packaging formats and clear labelling of reusable packaging.

To address clearly unnecessary packaging, certain forms of packaging will be banned, for example single-use packaging for food and beverages when consumed inside restaurants and cafés, single-use packaging for fruits and vegetables, miniature shampoo bottles, and other miniature packaging in hotels. Packaging-recycling -Plastics-circularity

Many measures aim to make packaging fully recyclable by 2030. This includes setting design criteria for packaging, creating mandatory deposit return systems for plastic bottles and aluminium cans, and making it clear which very limited types of packaging must be compostable so that consumers can throw these into biowaste.

There will also be mandatory rates of recycled content that producers have to include in new plastic packaging. This will help turn recycled plastic into a valuable raw material, as already shown by the example of PET bottles in the context of the Single-Use Plastics Directive.

The proposal will clear up any confusion over which packaging belongs in which recycling bin. Every piece of packaging will carry a label showing what the packaging is made of and into which waste stream it should go. Waste collection containers will carry the same labels. The same symbols will be used everywhere in the EU.

By 2030, the proposed measures would bring greenhouse gas emissions from packaging down to 43 million metric tons, compared to 66 million if the legislation is not changed—the reduction is about as much as the annual emissions of Croatia. Water use would be reduced by 1.1 million m3. The costs of environmental damage to the economy and society would be reduced by €6.4 billion relative to the baseline of 2030.

Single-use packaging industries will have to invest in a transition, but the overall economic and job creation impact in the EU is positive. Boosting reuse alone is expected to lead to more than 600,000 jobs in the reuse sector by 2030, many of them at local small and medium-sized companies. We expect much innovation in packaging solutions, making it convenient to reduce, reuse, and recycle. Measures are also expected to save money: each European could save almost €100 per year, if businesses pass on savings to consumers.

Clearing up confusion around bio-based, biodegradable, and compostable plastics

The use and production of bio-based, biodegradable, and compostable plastics have been steadily increasing. A number of conditions have to be met for these plastics to have positive environmental impacts, rather than exacerbating plastic pollution, climate change, and biodiversity loss. Packaging-recycling -Plastics-circularity

The Commission’s new framework clarifies in what way these plastics can be part of a sustainable future.

Biomass used to produce bio-based plastics must be sustainably sourced, with no harm to the environment and in respect of the ‘cascading use of biomass’ principle: producers should prioritise the use of organic waste and by-products as feedstock. In addition, to fight greenwashing and avoid misleading consumers, producers need to avoid generic claims on plastic products such as ‘bioplastic’ and ‘bio-based’. When communicating on bio-based content, producers should refer to the exact and measurable share of bio-based plastic content in the product (for example: ‘the product contains 50% bio-based plastic content’).

Biodegradable plastics must be approached with caution. They have their place in a sustainable future, but they need to be directed to specific applications where their environmental benefits and value for the circular economy are proven. Biodegradable plastics should by no means provide a licence to litter. Also, they must be labelled to show how long they will take to biodegrade, under what circumstances, and in what environment. Products that are likely to be littered, including those covered by the Single-Use Plastics Directive, cannot be claimed to be or labelled as biodegradable.

Industrially compostable plastics should only be used when they have environmental benefits, do not negatively affect the quality of the compost, and when there is a proper biowaste collection and treatment system in place. Industrially compostable packaging will only be allowed for tea bags, filter coffee pods and pads, fruit and vegetable stickers, and very light plastic bags. The products must always specify that they are certified for industrial composting, in line with EU standards.

Next steps

The proposal on packaging and packaging waste will now be considered by the European Parliament and the Council in the ordinary legislative procedure.

The policy framework on bio-based, biodegradable, and compostable plastics will guide future EU work on this issue, for example through ecodesign requirements for sustainable products, funding programs, and international discussions. The Commission encourages citizens, public authorities, and businesses to use this framework in their policy, investment, and purchasing decisions. Packaging-recycling -Plastics-circularity

Source: European Commission


Packaging-recycling -Plastics-circularity

-Honeywell and Environ intend to advance plastics circularity in Egypt through MOU

Honeywell has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Egypt’s Environ Adapt for Recycling Industries with the aim of advancing plastics recycling in the country.

The two organizations will explore the development of the first chemical recycling facility in Egypt that would be equipped with Honeywell’s advanced technology, capable of converting waste plastic into valuable recycled polymer feedstock (RPF).

Under the proposal outlined in the MoU, Honeywell UOP will work with Environ to deploy its latest UpCycle Process Technology – a technology that, when used in conjunction with other chemical and mechanical recycling processes, along with improvements to collection and sorting – has the potential to help recycle up to 90 percent of waste plastics. This represents a considerable increase in waste plastics that can be turned into polymer feedstock. Packaging-recycling -Plastics-circularity

“With a broad portfolio of ready now solutions that reduce waste, lower carbon emissions and support sustainable energy transition, Honeywell is well-positioned to support Middle Eastern and North African countries in their ESG goals,” said Khaled Hashem, president, Honeywell Egypt and North Africa. “Our Upcycle Process Technology represents an important milestone in the area of plastics circularity, and we are excited about the opportunity to collaborate with Environ to see how the technology could be deployed in Egypt in support of the country’s sustainability objectives.”

The MoU enables Environ to conduct a project feasibility study to explore trends, feedstock availability and potential markets, technical studies for the operation of the plant and facility, as well as overall project schedule, financial modelling and analysis.

In parallel, Honeywell UOP will provide Environ with technical and commercial information and analysis and broader project support.

“We are fully invested along the entire waste value chain and moving into chemical recycling is a natural evolution of our scope of work,” said Omar M. El Hassanein, CEO for the Waste Treatment and Resource Recovery division within Intro Sustainable Resources. “We are always on the lookout for innovative technologies that will help us decarbonise our customers’ operations and contribute to the country’s NDCs. We see Honeywell’s UpCycle Process technology as a key enabler of this objective and are looking forward to working with Honeywell towards the deployment of this technology in Egypt.”

Honeywell is a world leader in sustainability-related innovation, combining this capability with a long legacy in technology for the digitalization of industries as part of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. While pursuing its own goal of becoming carbon neutral across its operations and facilities by 2035, Honeywell is supporting similar sustainability initiatives declared by nations, and their industries, across the Middle East and North Africa.

The MoU, which was signed during the COP27 conference in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt, supports the objectives of Egypt’s Vision 2030 – a unified long-term political, economic, and social vision developed in alignment with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Packaging-recycling -Plastics-circularity

Under Vision 2030 Egypt has set a target to reduce greenhouse gases (GHGs) by 10 percent from the energy sector, including oil and gas, by 2030 compared to 2016 levels. Additionally, Egypt’s National Climate Change Strategy aims to increase the share of renewables in its power mix to 42 percent by 2035 and intends to invest US$10 billion to develop 10 GW of renewables and upgrade its thermal power plants.

Operating from the North African hub in Cairo, Honeywell has been expanding its presence, activities and investments in Egypt as it works with some of the country’s key government and private sector entities in the fields of oil and gas, refining and petrochemicals, smart cities, building automation, defense, aviation, infrastructure development, logistics, security and fire safety. The company has been present in Egypt for more than 60 years and is committed to providing high quality talent and technological opportunities that support the country’s long-term focus on localization.


Packaging-recycling -Plastics-circularity

-November contract prices of PE and PP in Europe increased

November’s contract prices for polyethylene (PE) in Europe rose by EUR20 per tonne amid both the prolongation and the rise in monomer prices in November,ICIS reported.

Contract prices for polypropylene (PP) in Europe rose by EUR10 per ton, which also reflects the increase and prolongation of raw material prices.

Spot prices were stable against the background of low purchasing activity, performed mainly within existing ranges. Prices for some items were lower, particularly high-pressure polyethylene (LDPE), including for imports for delivery in January and later.

Supplies are generally balanced across Europe. TotalEnergies customers faced a delay in deliveries due to strikes at refineries earlier this month. Packaging-recycling -Plastics-circularity

According toMrC ScanPlast, in the first nine months of 2022, the estimated consumption of polyethylene (excluding exports to Belarus and Kazakhstan) amounted to 1,874.28 thousand tons, which is 4% more than in the same period a year earlier. Supplies of LDPE and LDL have increased exclusively. Deliveries of polypropylene to the Russian market in the first nine months of the year amounted to 958.19 thousand tons (calculated according to the formula production + import – export), which is 15% less than a year earlier. Supplies of all types of polypropylene from both domestic producers and imports decreased.


November contract prices of PE and PP in Europe increased

-Plastic additives harm the sea and corals’ reproductive processes – TAU study

The researchers examined four chemical additives that are widely used in plastic products and have been found in seawater in tropical areas.

Many plastic additives – chemicals that are mixed with plastic products during manufacturing –are known to be compounds that disrupt the endocrine (hormonal) system of the human body as well as damage corals and other marine creatures.

A new study by Tel Aviv University (TAU) and the Interuniversity Institute for Marine Sciences in Eilat examined the effect of plastic additives on the reproductive process and larvae development of corals and other organisms commonly found in the coral reef of Eilat. The new study published in the prestigious journal Environmental Pollution shows that these chemicals can have species-specific effects that may damage the population structure and biodiversity of coral reefs. Packaging-recycling -Plastics-circularity

The study, entitled “Limited effects of environmentally-relevant concentrations in seawater of dibutyl phthalate, dimethyl phthalate, bisphenol A, and 4-nonylphenol on the reproductive products of coral-reef organisms,” was led by doctoral student Gal Vered of the Interuniversity Institute for Marine Sciences in Eilat and TAU and Prof. Noa Shenkar of TAU’s School of Zoology in the Wise Faculty of Life Sciences and the Steinhardt Museum of Natural History.

How did the researchers conduct their study?

The researchers focused on four organisms – a stony coral, a soft coral, a fire coral and a solitary ascidian. These organisms play an important role in the ecology of tropical coral reefs, and damage to their reproduction and development may affect the structure of the reef community.

They also examined four chemical additives that are widely used in plastic products and have been found in seawater in tropical areas inhabited by coral reefs. Two of these were phthalate chemicals, which are used to soften and increase the flexibility of different types of plastic and can be found in a wide variety of consumer products such as food packaging, toys, medical devices, and adhesives. The others were 4-nonylphenol a stabilizer used in plastic packaging and as an additive in cleaning agents, and bisphenol A found in polycarbonate plastic that is used for food and beverage packaging, baby bottles, boxes, and more.

The European Chemicals Agency has classified bisphenol A as a substance that may cause damage to human fertility, based on evidence found in lab animals.

Interference with their hormonal systems may affect the chances of success of these processes, and an uneven effect on the different species may lead to a change in the community’s structure and damage to the entire system.”

Doctoral student, Gal Vered, of the Interuniversity Institute for Marine Sciences in Eilat and TAU Packaging-recycling -Plastics-circularity

“Plastic additives are chemical additives that are incorporated into plastic products during the manufacturing process,” said Vered. “These substances reach marine environments through plastic waste and wastewater. Some of them are known to activate or suppress hormonal processes, and can therefore disrupt biological systems, but their effects on organisms in coral reefs have hardly been studied. The structure of the coral reef population depends on the success of the reproduction, development and settlement of corals and other reef organisms. Interference with their hormonal systems may affect the chances of success of these processes, and an uneven effect on the different species may lead to a change in the community’s structure and damage to the entire system.”

“Climate change, ocean acidification, and ongoing anthropogenic stressors place coral reefs at existential risk. Most of the coral reefs in the world are found in developing countries where the human population is expanding rapidly and waste management is lacking,” Vered continued. “Steps towards preventing plastic waste from reaching the environment include proper local waste management that reduces transportation of waste, and sustainable consumption of products regulated for additives.”

The researchers conducted a series of exposure experiments in which the effects of the plastic additives were tested at environmentally relevant concentrations in seawater and at higher laboratory concentrations. The parameters measured were fertilization, larvae development, larvae survival and larvae settlement and metamorphoses.

The environmentally-relevant concentration of 4-nonylphenol was found to inhibit larvae settlement in the soft coral, while a high concentration of the same compound damaged the fertilization, development and settlement of all the studied organisms. The higher laboratory concentration of one of the studied phthalate chemicals damaged the settlement only of the stony coral larvae, and not of the other organisms’ reproductive products. These findings add to the accumulating evidence that plastic pollution has a selective effect on different species. Packaging-recycling -Plastics-circularity

“Our findings demonstrate plastic additives’ negative and selective effects on the development and reproduction of coral reef organisms. The environmentally-relevant concentrations used in our experiments were concentrations found in seawater; alarmingly, some had deleterious effects on organisms’ reproduction,” added Shenkar. “Nevertheless, concentration within organisms’ tissues may reach higher levels as these compounds can potentially bioaccumulate. To better understand the impact of plastic additives on this endangered ecosystem, we suggest developing better methods for measuring the actual concentrations within the tissues of the organisms to produce relevant risk assessments.”


Plastic additives harm the sea and corals' reproductive processes - TAU study

-PepsiCo partner Northern Bottling Company trusts Sidel to install its highest-speed complete PET line

With increasing demand forecast for soft drinks in Pakistan in 2023, PepsiCo partner Northern Bottling Company is relying on Sidel to install a high-volume, high-speed carbonated soft drinks (CSD) line.

Sidel is applying its leading packaging solutions expertise to create the new complete line for Haidri Beverages Group’s subsidiary, Northern Bottling Company (NBC), in the city of Peshawar. Packaging-recycling -Plastics-circularity

Northern Bottling Company is the market leader in beverages for Pakistan’s northern region and has been a successful PepsiCo franchise for over 25 years.

Offering a capacity of over 45,000 bottles per hour, the line represents a new era of innovative technologies, high efficiency and productivity in Pakistan’s beverage industry. The new line will help unlock further capacity for Northern Bottling Company, which itself has seen volume growth of 30 percent in the year 2021-2022.

It will handle four bottle sizes and five recipes, producing PepsiCo beverages Pepsi, 7up, Mirinda, Pepsi Diet and Sting energy drinks in 300ml, 345ml, 500ml and 1500ml formats.

Serving a dynamic market

Sidel is enlarging its local expertise in Pakistan, a dynamic market where PepsiCo and NBC are playing a significant role.

“Sidel’s absolute commitment to service, along with their unique ability to optimise layout within a high-speed line equipped with cutting-edge technologies has impressed us. These were the key reasons that we have entrusted Sidel with our new investment,” says Ali Navaiz, Group Chief Operating Officer, Haidri Beverages Group.

“We are excited by this collaboration,” adds Vedat Guler, Sales Director Middle East, Sidel. “We’re dedicated to helping NBC achieve its commercial, sustainability and efficiency goals by adding value with our innovative bottle design and lower energy and resources solutions.”

Sustainable production

Sidel’s complete line will help NBC save energy and resources. In fact, Sidel’s Combi can blow bottles using the lowest possible blowing pressure, and the air is recycled It also offers water savings on bottle base cooling. The line can run recycled PET (r-PET) bottles, and with Sidel’s patent StarLite bottle base, NBC and PepsiCo’s future sustainability goals will be met. The innovative StarLite bottle base optimises the quantity of PET per bottle, contributing to sustainability by reducing material use and lowering emissions during transport. Packaging-recycling -Plastics-circularity

Reduced Total Cost of Ownership

Sidel is confident of meeting NBC’s high-performance targets and expectations, knowing that its line engineering and technology, innovative solutions, resource efficiency and packaging design improvements, together with its local service and aftersales support, will add value and reduce the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO).


PepsiCo partner Northern Bottling Company trusts Sidel to install its highest-speed complete PET line

Commission proposes certification of carbon removals to help reach net-zero emissions

The proposal will boost innovative carbon removal technologies and sustainable carbon farming solutions and contribute to the EU’s climate, environmental, and zero-pollution goals.

The proposed regulation will significantly improve the EU’s capacity to quantify, monitor, and verify carbon removals. Higher transparency will ensure trust from stakeholders and industry, and prevent “greenwashing.” Carbon removals can and must bring clear benefits for the climate, and the Commission will prioritise those carbon removal activities that will provide significant benefits for biodiversity.

Moving forward, the Commission, supported by experts, will develop tailored certification methods for carbon removal activities that deliver on climate and other environmental objectives. Packaging-recycling -Plastics-circularity

To ensure the transparency and credibility of the certification process, the proposal sets out rules for the independent verification of carbon removals, as well as rules to recognise certification schemes that can be used to demonstrate compliance with the EU framework. To ensure the quality and comparability of carbon removals, the proposed regulation establishes four QU.A.L.ITY criteria:

  • Quantification: Carbon removal activities need to be measured accurately and deliver unambiguous benefits for the climate;
  • Additionality: Carbon removal activities need to go beyond existing practices and what is required by law;
  • Long-term storage: Certificates are linked to the duration of carbon storage to ensure permanent storage;
  • Sustainability: Carbon removal activities must preserve or contribute to sustainability objectives such as climate change adaptation, the circular economy, water and marine resources, and biodiversity.

This proposal is essential to the EU’s goal of becoming the world’s first climate-neutral continent by 2050. To achieve this goal, the EU needs to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to a minimum. At the same time, the EU will have to scale up the removal of carbon from the atmosphere to balance out emissions that cannot be eliminated.

Industrial technologies, such as bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) or direct air carbon capture and storage (DACCS), can capture carbon and store it permanently. In agriculture and forestry, carbon farming practices can sustainably enhance the storage of carbon in soils and forests or reduce the release of carbon from soils, creating a new business model for farmers and foresters. Long-lasting products and materials, such as wood-based construction products, can also keep carbon bound for several decades or longer. Packaging-recycling -Plastics-circularity

Today’s proposal will promote cutting-edge clean technologies and support the New European Bauhaus by recognising the carbon storage capacity of wood-based and energy-efficient building materials. The proposal will enable innovative forms of private and public financing, including impact finance or result-based public support under state aid or the Common Agricultural Policy. The Commission will continue funding carbon removal action on the ground through the Innovation Fund (which can finance BECCS and DACCS projects, among others), the Common Agricultural Policy, the Regional Development Fund, the LIFE programme, and the Horizon Europe programme (including the Mission ‘A Soil Deal for Europe’).

Next steps

The Commission proposal will now be discussed by the European Parliament and the Council, in line with ordinary legislative procedure. Based on the QU.A.L.ITY criteria, the Commission will develop tailored certification methodologies for the different types of carbon removal activities, supported by an expert group. The first meeting of the expert group is planned for the first quarter of 2023.

Source: European Commission


Commission proposes certification of carbon removals to help reach net-zero emissions

Packaging-recycling -Plastics-circularity

Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile 01-12-2022

Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile 01-12-2022

Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Production cutbacks leading to better market balance

In October, European standard thermoplastics prices presented a mixed picture, both between the various product types and within the same product class.

L/LDPE producers initially targeted price increases of up to €150/tonne, despite a €45/tonne reduction in ethylene costs. Weak demand and competitively-priced imports however meant that LDPE prices fell slightly while LLDPE prices, which did not face such strong competition from cheaper imported material, increased by €20-30/tonne. Polypropylene prices traded downward across the board even though propylene costs had fallen by €50/tonne.

Polystyrene prices continued to fall in October even though the styrene monomer reference price increased by €9/tonne. PVC prices fell as a result of low demand and a growing inflow of cheaper imports. Bottle-grade PET contract prices also fell sharply in October as a result of aggressive import prices, lower costs and weak demand.

Low demand

Purchasing activity remained well below normal levels across most product classes in October. Converters were concerned about the deteriorating economic situation and worries about a possible recession. Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

European converters are also increasingly looking to meet more of their needs with cheaper imported material. Import prices are more competitive as a result of falling freight rates out of Asia, which are now at their lowest since 2020.

Packaging and pharmaceuticals demand held up fairly well last month, but demand from other sectors such as construction, consumer goods and furniture, is declining.

Supply better balanced

European producers have trimmed production and brought forward plant maintenance programmes in response to the low demand. There is however sufficient material available to meet the needs of converters. Supply has also been supported by a steady inflow of imported material. The high European prices and lower freight rates are tempting producers to divert more of their cargoes to Europe.

A summary of the latest production issues is presented below:

  • The 350,000tonnes/year LDPE plant in Ruwais, Abu Dhabi run by Borouge is expected to resume operations by end-2022;
  • Indorama Ventures declared force majeure on production of PTA and PET in Rotterdam, the Netherlands on 18 October;
  • TotalEnergies declared force majeure for PP throughout Europe after encountering “technical problems” at its two large Belgian polypropylene plants in Feluy
  • The LyondellBasell cracker in Berre, France, offline since a fire in August 2022, will not go back onstream until early 2023;
  • Major maintenance work on the OMV cracker in Burghausen, Germany is complete, and the plant is being gradually restarted;
  • Anwil SA resumed operations at its S-PVC facility in Poland on 21 October following a maintenance shutdown.

November outlook

In November, polymer markets are close to balance and there is now limited potential for major price development, despite higher feedstock costs. Production rates have been trimmed across all standard thermoplastic classes, which has reduced material availability, more into line with the low demand levels.  Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

Polyethylene prices are likely to either move sideways or decline slightly, despite a €35/tonne rise in ethylene costs. PP prices are expected to show limited movement, even though the propylene reference price increased by €20/tonne.

Low demand is expected to lead to a reduction in PVC base material and rigid S-PVC compound prices with stable plasticiser prices limiting any reduction to flexible S-PVC prices.

Subdued sales will likely lead to lower polystyrene prices, despite a small rise for the styrene monomer reference price. PET prices will be under further pressure as a result of ongoing demands weakness, a reduction in feedstock costs and competitively-priced imports.


In October, European L/LDPE producers called for a €150/tonne price hike, including a surcharge to cover higher energy costs. The €45/tonne reversal for the ethylene reference price settlement, however, and weak demand, made such price calls unrealistic. LDPE prices fell by €20/tonne while LLDPE prices, which did not face such strong competition from cheaper imported material, increased by €20-30/tonne.

L/LDPE demand remained well below normal with converters concerned about the deteriorating economic situation and worries about a possible recession. European producers have also trimmed production in response to the low demand. Material availability was also been impacted by strikes in France.

The €35/tonne increase for the November ethylene reference price is unlikely to lead to a significant L/LDPE price rise this month. While production is down, demand is weak and energy costs have been falling. Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile


At the beginning of October European HDPE producers called for price increases of €100/tonne, including a portion to cover higher energy costs. However, purchasing activity was simply too weak for HDPE grades to sustain such a large price hike. The €45/tonne fall in the October ethylene reference price also restrained producers’ planned price hikes.

Blown film and injection moulding products actually gained €20-30/tonne as significant reduction in production led to material shortfalls. Blow moulding prices remained largely unchanged.

HDPE demand remained well below normal with converters concerned about the deteriorating economic situation and worries about a possible recession.

In November, weak demand is expected to drive down blow moulding and injection moulding prices despite the €35/tonne rise in the ethylene reference price. Blown film prices, on the other hand,  are expected to show limited movement.


European polypropylene producers initially tabled planned price hikes of €50-100/tonne after five straight months of price rebates. The planned price hikes however were unattainable in practice given the prevailing low demand and a reduction of €50/tonne in the propylene reference price. By end-October, settlements varied from a decrease of €20-30/tonne for homopolymer film to decrease of €50/tonne for homopolymer injection and copolymer injection.

PP demand remains at a low level with converters buying tentatively. PP producers have trimmed back production run rates by 20-30% in recent months in an effort to achieve better market balance. Material availability has also been disrupted by strikes and planned and unplanned plant shutdowns.

PP prices are set for limited movement in November. Lower energy costs and low demand are likely to counterbalance the €20/tonne increase in the propylene reference price.


In October, PVC prices fell as a result of subdued demand, competitively-priced imports and the lower ethylene reference price settlement. Base PVC prices dropped by €70/tonne to hit a new year-low. Rigid S-PVC compound prices also slipped by €70/tonne while flexible S-PVC compound prices dipped by only €40/tonne as plasticiser prices ticked upward. Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

Producers have reduced run rates in order to achieve a better demand-supply balance. However, caustic soda, a bi-product of PVC production, has seen prices soaring in recent months, which could encourage PVC producers to ramp up production. Purchasing activity slowed further in October across all end use markets, with the exception of pharmaceuticals.

In November, low demand is expected to lead to a reduction in PVC base material and rigid S-PVC compound prices with stable plasticiser prices limiting any reduction to flexible S-PVC compound prices.


Polystyrene prices dropped again in October despite a €9/tonne rise in the styrene monomer reference price. Producers took into consideration a reduction in energy costs and low demand. General-purpose polystyrene (GPPS) prices fell by €60/tonne with high-impact polystyrene (HIPS) prices down by €50/tonne.

PS supply is more than adequate to meet the subdued levels of demand despite production cutbacks and the declaration of force majeure by a major producer at a site in France. Demand has fallen due to growing concerns about an economic downturn and inflation. While packaging demand has held up fairly well, purchasing activity from other end-use sectors such as consumer goods and furniture, is declining.

Weak demand is leading to a slight softening in PS prices in thin early November trading, despite a small (€4/tonne) increase in the styrene monomer reference price.


Bottle-grade PET contract prices declined by €80/tonne in October as a result of competition form aggressive-priced imports, lower feedstock costs and weak demand.

European PET producers are under growing pressure from very competitive import offers, mainly from Vietnam, India, South Korea and China. Import prices are more competitive as a result of falling freight rates out of Asia, which are now at their lowest level since 2020. PET demand for local product remains low as European converters are increasingly meeting more of their needs with cheaper Asia material. Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

PET producers, who are stuck between higher costs and weaker consumption, have lowered run rates or have brought forward maintenance shutdowns to curb supply.

PET prices are set to fall further in November as a result of ongoing demands weakness, a reduction in feedstock costs and competitively-priced imports.


Automotive-carpets - Nylon-textile

-Mogul to install new bicomponent PET line

Nonwovens manufacturer Mogul is increasing its production of bicomponent PET spunbond fabric with a new line schedule to start up in the third quarter of 2023.

The new line will have same core/sheath tiptrilobal filament cross section type configuration as first line but will provide some improvements and additional features compared to the company’s first line.

The new bicomponent PET line will provide area thermal bonded, flatbonded fabrics in round and tiptrilobal filament shapes in low denier, with an estimated weight range of 17-180 grams and line width of 365 cm (144’ ins). Capacity is around 6000 m tonnes/year.

Mogul PET bi-co fabrics are sold under Buffalo brand. As one of key players in PET spunbond segment Mogul also runs two mono PET spunbond lines with point and flatbond as well as round and trilobal section filaments sold under the Mopet brand.

The new line will mainly provide fabrics for hi-tech applications such as filtration, automotive, composites and home care.


Automotive-carpets - Nylon-textile

-Full circle on automotive carpets

Autoneum says it is opening up new opportunities for vehicle manufacturers to meet their ambitious sustainability targets with the launch of a fully recyclable carpet made of 100% polyester.

Automotive carpets are typically multi-layered systems that can be challenging to recycle. This latest development from Autoneum, however, is fully recyclable, paving the way for an improved and more sustainable end-of-life recycling of electric vehicles. In addition, the high content of recycled PET as well as the zero waste and less energy-intensive production process further improve the carbon footprint of Autoneum’s new monomaterial needlepunch and tufted carpets.Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

In light of ever more stringent emissions regulations towards a greener and electrified mobility, vehicle manufacturers are placing increasing importance on the sustainability performance of individual components across the entire product life cycle. Autoneum’s new environmentally friendly carpet systems feature a high content of recycled raw materials. Their zero waste and latex-free manufacturing process also significantly reduces CO2 emissions as well as water and energy consumption.

Additionally, by offering a fully recyclable carpet system, Autoneum is already supporting customers in an area whose importance for an improved sustainability performance of cars will increase even further in future: the end-of-life recycling of electric vehicles.

While the interior of cars with combustion engines is usually shredded together with other parts, making the reclaiming of textile products such as carpets practically impossible, e-cars open up new perspectives for end-of-life recycling. Since the battery has to be removed at the end of vehicle life in order to be recycled or disposed of properly, the demand for easy-to-dismantle products, especially carpets, for the interior of electric vehicles is increasing.

However, such easily removable components not only facilitate access to the battery, but they can also be individually recycled at the end of product life, enabling car manufacturers to tap into previously unexploited sustainability potential.

With its sustainable 100% polyester carpet systems, Autoneum says it is at the forefront of this development, offering customers the fully recyclable components they need to achieve their sustainability goals. “Autoneum’s fully recyclable carpet systems ensure a closed material loop and are thus tangible proof of the company’s long-term commitment to improving the sustainability performance of its products and manufacturing processes,” the company said. “The 100% polyester carpets build on the existing lightweight and particularly sustainable Autoneum Pure technologies: the carpet surface, for example, is made of Di-Light or Relive-1, while Hybrid-Acoustics PET is used for the decoupler.”

Thanks to Autoneum’s innovative alternative backcoating (ABC) process, which uses a thermoplastic adhesive instead of latex, the production of the new monomaterial needlepunch and tufted carpets also requires significantly less energy and no water at all.


Automotive-carpets - Nylon-textile

-Invista inaugurates adiponitrile plant at Shanghai Chemical Industry Park

Invista (Wichita, Kan.) announced that INVISTA Nylon Chemicals (China) Co. held the inauguration ceremony for its new adiponitrile (ADN) plant at the Shanghai Chemical Industry Park (SCIP). Being a critical part of INVISTA’s integrated nylon 6,6 value chain, the plant, which is a more than 7 billion RMB (over 1 billion USD) investment, has a capacity of 400,000-ton/year and is the largest capital project in in the company’s history. The plant will further boost local production capability for nylon 6,6 and help accelerate the high-quality upgrades of the Chinese chemical industry.Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

The ADN plant inauguration is one of the core activities of SCIP’s Integrated Nylon Base launch event. Zhang Wei; member of the Standing Committee of the CPC Shanghai Municipal Committee, vice mayor of Shanghai Municipal People’s Government and Fu Xiangsheng, vice chairman of China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation sent congratulatory videos; Ma Jing, director general of Shanghai Chemical Industry Park Administrative Committee; and other officials from related Shanghai Municipal Government agencies and representatives of SCIP attended the event. INVISTA senior executives included Gary Knight, global vice president of Operations, INVISTA Nylon Enterprise; Kyle Redinger, vice president of Nylon Intermediates, Asia Pacific; and Angela Dou, director of Intermediates, Asia. Jeff Gentry, INVISTA chairman and CEO, shared remarks via video.

“We are excited about the completion of ADN plant and are grateful for SCIP’s support through the entire project,” said Gary Knight, “INVISTA believes that China will be the largest consumer for nylon 6,6 in the near future, and the plant reinforces our long-term commitment by providing the key building block to produce nylon polymers. Together with our partners and customers, we hope to realize the full potential of the nylon industry and downstream applications areas.”

Invista (Wichita, Kan.) announced that INVISTA Nylon Chemicals (China) Co. held the inauguration ceremony for its new adiponitrile (ADN) plant at the Shanghai Chemical Industry Park (SCIP). Being a critical part of INVISTA’s integrated nylon 6,6 value chain, the plant, which is a more than 7 billion RMB (over 1 billion USD) investment, has a capacity of 400,000-ton/year and is the largest capital project in in the company’s history. The plant will further boost local production capability for nylon 6,6 and help accelerate the high-quality upgrades of the Chinese chemical industry.

The ADN plant inauguration is one of the core activities of SCIP’s Integrated Nylon Base launch event. Zhang Wei; member of the Standing Committee of the CPC Shanghai Municipal Committee, vice mayor of Shanghai Municipal People’s Government and Fu Xiangsheng, vice chairman of China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation sent congratulatory videos; Ma Jing, director general of Shanghai Chemical Industry Park Administrative Committee; and other officials from related Shanghai Municipal Government agencies and representatives of SCIP attended the event. INVISTA senior executives included Gary Knight, global vice president of Operations, INVISTA Nylon Enterprise; Kyle Redinger, vice president of Nylon Intermediates, Asia Pacific; and Angela Dou, director of Intermediates, Asia. Jeff Gentry, INVISTA chairman and CEO, shared remarks via video.Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

“We are excited about the completion of ADN plant and are grateful for SCIP’s support through the entire project,” said Gary Knight, “INVISTA believes that China will be the largest consumer for nylon 6,6 in the near future, and the plant reinforces our long-term commitment by providing the key building block to produce nylon polymers. Together with our partners and customers, we hope to realize the full potential of the nylon industry and downstream applications areas.”

“Today we are here to witness the signing, groundbreaking and start-up of several projects, which are led by the INVISTA ADN project that further enhances the efficiency and stability of the nylon 6,6 value and supply chains. These projects, like ‘water from the source,’ will contribute to Shanghai’s nylon industry development and future material industrial zones,” said Zhang Wei.

The new plant deploys INVISTA’s most advanced, proprietary, butadiene-based adiponitrile technology. In addition to advantages in commercial scale and overall efficiency, INVISTA’s ADN technology and manufacturing process result in up to 60% lower greenhouse gas emissions compared to propylene-based ADN and up to 80% lower greenhouse gas emissions compared to adipic acid-based ADN *. Once in full operation, the new plant can support 800,000 tons of nylon 6,6 production every year.

In line with the need for reduced cost and improving demand, INVISTA’s nylon 6,6 value chain integrates the recently opened INVISTA Asia Innovation Center and existing HMD and polymer sites, providing a comprehensive capability ranging from application development and raw materials to high-performance polymer supply. ADN can be used to make nylon polymer, fibers and other specialty materials such as hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) for coatings.


Invista inaugurates adiponitrile plant at Shanghai Chemical Industry Park

-Alibaba’s elusive co-founder Jack Ma living in Tokyo following China’s tech crackdown — Report

Chinese entrepreneur Jack Ma has been living in Tokyo for nearly six months, after Beijing’s crackdown on the technology sector, the Financial Times reported Tuesday.

The co-founder of Alibaba Group Holding Ltd. has punctuated his stay in Japan with trips to the countryside and regular visits to the US and Israel, the paper said, citing people with knowledge of his whereabouts.

Ma is a close friend of Masayoshi Son, founder of Tokyo-based SoftBank Group Corp. and an early investor in Alibaba. Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

Once China’s wealthiest and most prominent tech leader, Ma retreated from the spotlight in recent years after his criticism of government regulation landed him in trouble with Beijing, derailing the initial public offering of fintech giant Ant Group Co.

That was followed by an expansive crackdown on the private sector in China, particularly aimed at reining in the power of Internet firms. His rare public appearances since then have been closely watched.

In Tokyo, Ma has kept to a handful of private members’ clubs in the central districts of Ginza and Marunouchi, the FT said.

He’s also brought along his personal chef and security staff and become an enthusiastic modern art collector, the paper added.

Ma, previously a high-profile fixture at business conferences, led large-scale international donations of protective equipment and other gear the world needed in the early days of the pandemic.


Alibaba’s elusive co-founder Jack Ma living in Tokyo following China’s tech crackdown — Report

-Nylon textile filament production cut should be faster

Mainstream e-commerce platforms use “steady and good” to describe this year’s Singles Day shopping festival’s sales record (in November 1-11). But the high temperature in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shanghai and Anhui has affected winter clothing consumption, and the severe pandemic situation in Guangdong has also suppressed demand for fiber after the shopping festival.Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

Although there is no official data to show the specific growth rate of clothing consumption on Singles Day (Nov 11), we could tell that the booming season is over from the feedback of orders in fabric and filament plants.

In November, fabric mills have gradually reduced production, and in nylon 6 textile filament factories (short as NFY), inventory is still rising, and losses are still expanding. Many NFY mills have been unable to assess or balance risks and pressures through pricing, and production reduction has gradually become the best and only choice.

There are still nearly two months to go before the Spring Festival, and NFY mills need to make early prediction and planning as to when and how much to reduce production, whether or not to run and run at what rate during the Spring Festival. Some NFY mills already have a rough plan, while others are still waiting to see. The decision of how to arrange production needs to be combined with the business situation of the enterprise, as well as the market, demand trend prediction. As the situation in the nylon industry is clear to players, it might be wise to look for solutions by analyzing and comparing with other mainstream fiber markets.

Nylon 6 DTY is one of the most nylon filament products sees most intense competition this year, especially DTY 70D, whose margin has been compressed to the extreme low. In the good times of previous years, the price difference between DTY 70D and nylon 6 high-speed spinning chip (short as HS chip) was more than 5000yuan/mt, and even in the times not as good it was around 4500yuan/mt. But this year the price difference has been reduced to 3500-3800yuan/mt, and recently individual sources have even been pressed to 3300yuan/mt. Such a limit price difference cannot even cover the processing cost. Near the end of the year, as demand continues to decrease and NFY factories face rising sales pressure, the ultra-low price difference is also difficult to repair. (The losses for nylon FDY, POY and other DTY specifications are not as serious as DTY 70D). Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

Compared with other mainstream fibers, no matter from the trend or the degree of loss, viscose staple fiber (VSF) can be regarded almost the same bad as nylon DTY. Although the loss of polyester filament is slightly smaller, if converted to full cost, it is suffering a losses on the yearly average rate, and the loss has expanded recently.

By contrast, the profit of spandex has been repaired step by step, and it is profitable based on the full cost, after reducing production and removing inventory. The time of the most serious loss for spandex has passed. The profit of acrylic fiber of the whole year is still the best, though the profit has been significantly reduced in the second half of the year.

In the second half of the year, NFY factories only had a wave of destock in September, but orders gradually decreased and inventory started accumulation since late October. There is also a big gap between different NFY plants, with high ones more than 40 days and low ones less than 20 days. Some NFY factories have gradually reduced production by 10-20% in November due to high inventory, bearish expectations for the December, and consideration for reserving inventory space for the Spring Festival, but this only moderates the growth of inventory, while still difficult to reduce it evidently. The average inventory of NFY is more than 30 days by Nov 25, a quite high level, though not as high as that in August.

Compared with other fibers, the overall inventory of nylon filament is on the high side. Spandex inventory was once higher than nylon, but it dropped obviously in September-October with booming consumption. Polyester inventory evidently in November, due to a large reduction in production. VSF inventory had been alleviated in September due to a sharp production cut, and the slow decline in inventory in November is mainly due to demand repair, not production reduction further. Acrylic fiber inventory remains low throughout the year, mainly because acrylic fiber capacity expansion in recent has been limited, and the export growth is faster in 2022, so its supply and demand are relatively balanced.  Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

The production cut in NFY plants was limited in November, and the average operating rate narrowly reduced from 74.8% to 71% by Nov 25. Regionally, the plants in Fujian mostly ran at 70-80%, and some in Zhejiang at 80-09% while some at 50-70%, and that in Jiangsu was low in general with most small plants running at 40-50%.

In contrast, the operating rate of spandex, polyester and acrylic plants decreased significantly month-on-month in November, with an average monthly decrease of 5-10%. Only VSF plants’ run rate recovered slightly in Oct-Nov, as they had cut production evidently in Sep already.

Summery & suggestions for NFY plants

To sum up, the worst product of nylon has suffered a serious loss, which is equivalent to VSF but worse than other chemical fibers. At present, the overall inventory of NFY is on the high side, but the adjustment on run rate is slower than other products, so that when the recent demand is obviously weakening, NFY factories are unable to reduce inventory effectively.Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

Under the epidemic, it is a common phenomenon that fabric mills stop production earlier this year, and their willingness to prepare feedstock before the Spring Festival is relatively low. If the price of nylon is not low enough, even fabric mills under good sales condition will not easily restock.

Since NFY market performance has been relatively good in the first half of the year, it will not be too difficult to go through the rough time in the second half. But this “Spring Festival” could be very long, and the risk of inventory accumulation based on current price is high, and compared with other fibers, the pressure faced nylon factory is not small.


Nylon textile filament production cut should be faster

-With demand for plastic expected to triple by 2050, here’s how biotechnology can reduce its environmental impacts

In theory, many commonly used plastics can be recycled. But only about one-tenth of the plastics that have ever been produced have been recycled once, and only about 1% have been recycled twice4. “It is cheaper to just make a new plastic product than to collect it and recycle it or reuse it,” says Kristian Syberg, who studies plastic pollution at Roskilde University in Denmark. “That’s a systemic problem.”Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

Changing that picture will require action on multiple fronts: scaling up established recycling technologies, rolling them out across the world, developing technologies to deal with hard-to-recycle plastics, leveraging insights from nature to aid both production and disposal of plastics, and reining in the production of single-use plastics. But the results could have benefits for the circular economy more broadly.

By 2050, global plastic demand is projected to nearly triple to 1,100 million tonnes per year1. In an analysis released earlier this year7, [Dr. André] Bardow and his team found that scaling up recycling, relying more on renewable feedstocks and implementing other strategies to make the plastic industry more circular could keep the current level of plastic production within “planetary boundaries”. But if plastic production continues to grow at the predicted pace, then options greatly diminish — and by 2050, Bardow says, there will be no sustainable solution “even with all the tricks that chemists and chemical engineers can pull”.


With demand for plastic expected to triple by 2050, here’s how biotechnology can reduce its environmental impacts

-Co-op to ‘clear’ shelves of all coloured milk bottle tops to increase recyclability

Co-op has committed to removing all coloured milk bottle caps from its shelves, the convenience retailer has confirmed, delivering ‘clear’ benefits for the recyclability of the lids.

Shoppers are soon set to see clear caps on all Co-op’s skimmed, semi-skimmed and whole milk across all its stores in towns, villages and cities across the UK. Clear bottle tops reduce colour contamination in the high-density polyethylene (HDPE) stream, allowing materials to be recycled more easily into food-grade packaging. The move follows successful consumer trials on semi-skimmed milk in more than 400 Co-op stores in August and, with ‘clear’ recyclability gains to be made, green caps will be switched to clear in all of its stores by the end of next month. Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

Co-op will then eradicate red (skimmed milk caps) and blue (whole milk caps) in early 2023. Once all caps have been switched it could remove more than 150 t/a of coloured plastic from HDPE streams. Switching all green caps first is set to unlock the majority of the recyclability benefits, with semi-skimmed accounting for more than three-fifths of milk sales.

Adam Williams, Co-op’s Milk Buyer, said: “There are changes in store for how shoppers see milk bottle tops, with the new caps able to be more easily recycled and retained in the food sector unlike their coloured counterparts. There is limited availability of food grade recycled plastic, and that is a challenge. It is important that packaging is viewed as a valuable resource. We continue to work to explore new ways to make it easier to recycle and re-use these materials, and small changes to everyday issues can collectively add up to make a big difference – this is a ‘clear’ solution that can reduce the dependency on virgin plastic in the supply chain.” Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

Adam Herriott, Sector Specialist – Resource Management, WRAP, said: “WRAP fully supports the complete removal of pigments from HDPE milk bottle caps by Co-op, a founding member of The UK Plastics Pact. This development has helped the HDPE milk bottle increase its reputation as a shining light of the circular economy and will enable the caps to be recycled with the bottle and go back into food grade applications and therefore able to be recycled multiple times into high grade, high value materials and products. It is, however, still vitally important that citizens follow the Recycle Now and OPRL advise of ensuring that they recycle their bottle with the ‘cap on’ to make sure that they are captured and recycled effectively – we must all continue to go further and ensure we bring in more changes that benefit shoppers and the environment.”


Co-op to ‘clear’ shelves of all coloured milk bottle tops to increase recyclability

Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

PLA-recyclability -Polymer-catalysts 30-11-2022

PLA-recyclability -Polymer-catalysts 30-11-2022

PLA-recyclability -Polymer-catalysts

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Towards functional and future-proof packaging in Europe

Jan Huitema MEP and Guido Aufdemkamp, Executive Director of the Flexible Packaging Europe, share their thoughts on how innovation in the sorting and recycling industries is vital to improve European recycling rates and deliver circularity

By Flexible Packaging Europe

Flexible Packaging Europe is the industry association representing the interests of more than 85 small, medium-sized companies, and multinational manufacturers

Jan Huitema hopes that European Parliament can strike the right balance between functional and future-proof packaging, by ensuring policy framed around three core principles: reduce, reuse, and recycle.

Packaging is everywhere, and with good reason. Packaging protects our products, reduces spillage when using it and informs us about its contents. The flipside of packaging being so abundant is that waste is, too: the average European generates about 180 kilograms of packaging waste per year. Although the existence of waste – or rather ‘secondary materials’ – in itself is not so problematic, the ongoing extraction of natural resources is.

That is why the much-awaited revision of the Packaging and Packaging Waste Regulation (PPWR) should become a key building block for a European circular economy. Having been the Parliament’s rapporteur for the Circular Economy Action Plan own-initiative report, I hope that Parliament can strike the right balance between functional and future-proof packaging, by ensuring targeted policy action around three core circularity principles: reduce, reuse, and recycle. PLA-recyclability -Polymer-catalysts

To start, we should tackle redundant packaging: the “low-hanging fruit”. For example, wine bottles in the Netherlands are, in the majority of the cases, excessively heavy. If their average weight would be reduced by just 100 grams, which is well above the lowest-weighing bottle, 48 million kg of glass could be saved, equivalent to 32.000 tonnes of CO2. At the same time, we should be wary of tunnel vision when it comes to ‘light weighting’. It could have detrimental consequences if it requires packaging to become more complex and harder to recycle. Balance is key, and the Commission should carefully, in consultation, figure out where sectors are able to reduce and how they can do so cost-effectively.

Allowing new recycling technologies to play a role in the supply of secondary materials where needed, could greatly benefit the sustainable production of (food grade) materials

For re-use, developing scalable solutions is essential. Although ambitious re-use targets are essential to reduce material extraction, targets should be attainable for both businesses and consumers. Imagine being a food service SME and shifting from re-usable packaging for take-away to re-usable containers and cutlery, which you will need to buy, re-collect and clean. All in all: a huge undertaking. In that light, new business models and infrastructure are urgently needed to make re-use solutions scalable and sustainable.

Finally, enabling innovation is key for the future of recycling. A good example is the growing shortage of food grade material, which is vital to protect vulnerable produce and cosmetics. Sourcing secondary food grade material is already a challenge but will become even harder as mandatory recycled content targets will increase.

Allowing new recycling technologies to play a role in the supply of secondary materials where needed, could greatly benefit the sustainable production of (food grade) materials and decrease our dependence on third countries for the import of such materials.

With the above in mind, I look forward to the Commission’s proposal for the PPWR to land in Parliament and to work on a fit-for-purpose sustainability framework for European packaging. PLA-recyclability -Polymer-catalysts


PLA-recyclability -Polymer-catalysts

-Erema displays circular technology at K Fair

PET bottle-to-bottle recycling system among technology Austrian firm displays at German exhibition.

Austria-based Erema Group GmbH, which develops and makes plastic recycling equipment, says visitors to its Circonomic Centre display at the K 2022 (K Fair) trade show in in Düsseldorf, Germany, this autumn were able to get a sense of recycling and the circular economy as “a tangible experience.”

Erema describes the trade show as “positive all around, and that applies to the interest shown by visitors as well as to the number of plants sold.”

Remarks Manfred Hackl, CEO of Erema, “Recycling and the circular economy have arrived 100 percent in the plastics industry. This year’s K Fair showed that very clearly.”

Hackl says the decision to have all Erema Group companies exhibiting on the same stand proved to be a good one, because the display was able to provide “an excellent overview of the wide-ranging machine portfolio” of the technology firm.

The machinery provider displayed two new “extrusion innovations” designed to “achieve effective benefits for the quality of melt, recycled pellets and final product, and set the benchmark in terms of energy efficiency for their postconsumer and PET [polyethylene terephthalate] recycling applications.” PLA-recyclability -Polymer-catalysts

Says Hackl, “We have already received the first orders for these two technologies, which confirms that we are meeting customer needs very well.”

Also displayed at the trade fair was bottle-to-bottle recycling technology for the production of food-contact compliant rPET pellets and new sizes of Vacurema technology plants, designed to enable throughputs of up to six metric tons per hour. A new Vacunite plant was ordered by an rPET manufacturer at the show, adds Erema.

The aim of the Circonomic Centre, says Erema, was to draw attention to what is technologically possible in terms of recycling and the circular economy, demonstrating technology that “in many cases has already been successfully implemented in commercial terms,” says Erema.

Erema says 100 percent recycled pellet content can now be found in children’s toys as well as in food packaging.


PLA-recyclability -Polymer-catalysts

-Highlighting the recyclability of PLA

New whitepaper from TotalEnergies Corbion

A new whitepaper from TotalEnergies Corbion offers a deep dive into the topic of PLA recycling. Stay in the cycle, rethinking recycling with PLA bioplastics offers a summary of the recycling market for PLA, as well as the relevant regulations, and technologies, and effectively makes the case that the recycling of PLA is viable, economically feasible and wholly suitable to be commonly used as an end-of-life solution for PLA bioplastics.

The white paper debunks the myth that PLA cannot be separated out from other waste plastics, pointing to the fact that today, PET, PP and HDPE tended to be the plastics that are sorted and mechanically recycled. PLA-recyclability -Polymer-catalysts

“Thanks to progress in Near Infrared (NIR) technology, density separation, AI and robotics systems in waste management, bioplastics such as PLA can technically be easily separated from other types of polymers on the sorting line. In fact, purities of 97% have been obtained using NIR sorting of PLA, higher than most traditional plastics,” the authors write. When are applied in sorting, PLA can again be easily separated from PE and PP using density separation sink-float techniques, while sorting PLA from a plastic mix including PET is simple using NIR.

Depolymerisation technology allows new recycled PLA to be produced that has the same quality as virgin material as well as being food contact approved. The Luminy rPLA grades manufactured by the company contain 20% or 30% recycled content from a mix of post-consumer and post-industrial recycled PLA, which is third-party certified by SCS Global Services.

The need for plastics to be reused and recycled responsibly is critical. This white paper contains examples of where PLA recycling has already been implemented successfully, and how. PLA-recyclability -Polymer-catalysts

“Valourizing PLA waste as a feedstock for either chemical or mechanical recycling is a huge opportunity,” said Gerrit Gobius du Sart, Corporate Scientist, at TotalEnergies Corbion. “Bridging the gap between insufficient current recycling rates and ambitious upcoming EU targets will mean a gradual phasing out of a linear use of plastics through reduction, reuse, recycling, and recovery of materials.”

The company is committed to developing the recycling value chain together with specialised stakeholders from the complete PLA value chain. In this way, it proposes to stimulate demand for PLA, thereby increasing recycling rates for PLA-based products. Already, it has the infrastructure in place for the chemical depolymerisation of PLA at its commercial plant in Thailand and it is also working to develop this capability in Europe.


PLA-recyclability -Polymer-catalysts

-Kumho Petrochemical partners with Technip to advance eco-rubber

Synthetic rubber and chemicals manufacturer Kumho Petrochemical has advanced its plans to produce rubber using recycled styrene monomers (RSM) recovered from plastics waste, said European-rubber-journal .

The South Korean company has now signed a memorandum of understanding with Technip Energies to license a pyrolysis process enabled by US recycling technology company Agilyx. PLA-recyclability -Polymer-catalysts

Technip Energies is the exclusive licensor for the Agilyx technology for the production of the recycled monomer via the pyrolysis of waste polystyrene.

In a 23 Nov announcement, Agilyx said Kumho Petrochemical will use the RSM in the production of solution styrene-butadiene rubber (SSBR), a key component for the manufacture of tires.

The MoU follows an earlier agreement between Agilyx and Kumho Petrochemical in August last year to study the development and construction of a chemical recycling project in South Korea.

According to Agilyx, Kumho Petrochemical’s stated goal is to commercialise RSM-content products at the beginning in 2026.

Technip Energies’ remit is to provide support in all project areas, including around the transfer of a technology license to Kumho Petrochemical.

We remind, Kumho Petrochemical has announced a major investment initiative which will see the South Korean group pumping KRW6,000 billion (EUR5.5 billion) into existing and new businesses over the next five years. As part of the initiative, Kumho will invest KRW3,300 billion in its ‘core business areas’, which includes nitrile butadiene latex (NB latex) production and styrene solution butadiene rubber (SSBR) manufacturing.


Kumho Petrochemical partners with Technip to advance eco-rubber

-SIBUR plans production of own catalysts for polymer products

SIBUR (Moscow, Russia) says it is developing and testing a catalyst for use in the production of linear alpha-olefins as part of the company’s strategic program to strengthen its technological independence, said the company.

Pilot tests have taken place for the use of zirconium tetra-isobutyrate, with the catalyst developed by specialists from Sibur’s NIOST research center at Tomsk and the Nizhnekamskneftekhim Scientific and Technical Center (STC), it says.

SIBUR , Russia’s largest producer of petrochemicals and plastics, plans to build a production plant with a catalyst capacity of 50,000 metric tons/year by 2024 at Nizhnekamskneftekhim (Nizhnekamsk, Tatarstan, Russia), it says. Zirconium tetra-isobutyrate and hexene are mandatory components in the polyethylene (PE) production chain, enabling the manufacture of special polymer grades with improved properties for sectors including medical products, packaging materials, and gas and water supply systems, according to the company. PLA-recyclability -Polymer-catalysts

Domestic production by SIBUR of key components in small- and medium-tonnage chemicals is a “necessary element in maintaining the stability of the main technological chains,” it says. The company recently announced the development and testing of hexene, another key component for the production of polymers, with plans to build a 50,000-metric tons/year plant, also at Nizhnekamsk, with start of operations planned in the second half of 2024. Hexene is used in the production of high- and low-density polyethylene.

We remind, SIBUR has launched production of PET granules using recycled feedstock. The new product, Vivilen rPET granules, contains up to 25–30% recycled polymers and will now be manufactured at POLIEF, said the company.

Once the facility reaches its design capacity, each year POLIEF will be able to produce up to 144,000 tonnes of Vivilen PET granules with a share of recycled content.


SIBUR plans production of own catalysts for polymer products

-LyondellBasell and Audi create first automotive plastic parts from mixed automotive plastic waste

LyondellBasell (NYSE: LYB) and Audi today announce a first time collaboration to help close the loop for mixed automotive plastic waste. Audi is installing plastic seatbelt buckle covers in the Q8 e-tron made using LyondellBasell plastic that supports the sourcing of feedstocks from mixed automotive plastic waste. Plastic components from customer vehicles that can no longer be repaired are dismantled, shredded, and processed by chemical recycling into pyrolysis oil. The pyrolysis oil is then used as a raw material in LyondellBasell’s manufacturing process for the production of new plastics, replacing virgin fossil feedstocks. The recycled content is attributed to the Audi product via a mass balance approach .  PLA-recyclability -Polymer-catalysts

“As part of the PlasticLoop project, we are working with Audi to establish an innovative closed-loop process, recycling plastic automotive parts for use in new vehicles,” said Erik Licht, LyondellBasell Advanced Polymer Solutions New Business Development Director.“ For the first time, we are using chemical recycling to recycle mixed automotive plastic waste into plastic granulate for automotive interior applications. The plastic granulate is then used in the production of the seatbelt buckle covers for the Audi Q8 e-tron.”

With this process, LyondellBasell, Audi, and chemical recycler SynCycle (Next Generation Group and BDI), succeed in recycling a stream of material which today is mostly only suitable for energy recovery. This  reduces the usage of fossil-based primary materials for the Audi Q8 e-tron and keeps valuable feedstocks in a circular loop. Materials produced from pyrolysis oil are of the same high quality as virgin materials and have the same properties. Chemical recycling offers an alternative to energy recovery and complements mechanical recycling.

“Audi’s vision is to use secondary materials wherever it is technically possible, economically viable and ecologically beneficial.” says Philipp Eder, Project Manager for Circular Economy in the Supply Chain at Audi. “The PlasticLoop project is part of Audi’s circular economy strategy and a good example of cross-sector cooperation within the Audi supply chain. Findings from the project are also incorporated into the product development of future vehicle projects via the “Design for Recycling” approach.”


LyondellBasell and Audi create first automotive plastic parts from mixed automotive plastic waste

-New EU-funded project aims to prevent fires caused by batteries at e-waste recycling facilities

A project that will develop an AI-powered battery detection system utilising data from x-ray detectors and pick-and-place robots has commenced on the 1 September.

GRINNER, funded through the European Union’s Horizon Europe programme, will focus on trying to reduce the impact of one of the key issues that is currently affecting the waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) management chain; that of fires caused by batteries. Such fires cost waste management facilities millions of euros every year, force facilities to close for months if not years, and act as a strong barrier to making Europe circular and carbon-neutral. PLA-recyclability -Polymer-catalysts

The fires are caused when some battery types located inside discarded WEEE, in particular lithium-ion (Li-ion) and nickel-metal hydride (NiMH), are damaged and, as a result, ignite or explode.

The GRINNER project aims to commercialise an autonomous AI-enabled robotic sorting system capable of detecting and removing e-waste containing batteries from processing conveyor belts before they are damaged by machines that crush and consolidate waste. The system will comprise (i) an energy-resolved x-ray detectors; (ii) a software enabled module that will analyse x-ray data and effectively detect waste containing batteries that is then removed by a vision-based pick-and-place robot. The primary output of the GRINNER system will be a low-weight, superfast, automated battery identifier that can be easily incorporated into existing WEEE and other similar recycling environments, to extract batteries and battery containing items, safely and effectively.


New EU-funded project aims to prevent fires caused by batteries at e-waste recycling facilities

PLA-recyclability -Polymer-catalysts

German-economy -Raw-materials 29-11-2022

German-economy -Raw-materials 29-11-2022

German-economy -Raw-materials

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Redundancy fund for Radici Group’s 318 employees. Causes: price increases and difficulty in finding raw materials
The Novara plant, world leader in the chemical sector, has ordered closure until 8 January
Radici Group has ordered layoffs for the 318 employees of the Novara office from 14 November to 8 January. The causes are to be found in the energy price increases and in the difficulty of finding the raw materials necessary for production.
The annus horribilis for energy prices has also hit the Novara plant, world leader in the chemical sector which over the years has aimed at going green with a 70% reduction in direct greenhouse gas emissions and with the aim of achieving 80% by 2030. Furthermore, in May, Radici Group distinguished itself by giving a gross gift of 1,000 euros to its employees in the Italian offices as support to deal with the increase in energy costs and the cost of living.
Now, however, the crisis has also presented the bill to the company in via Fauser: «The decision to resort to the ordinary zero-hour layoffs for employees is essentially related to the economic and market situation resulting from the persistence of the cost levels of raw materials and energy supplies – say the company -.

We are attentive to the needs of our employees and will continue to carefully monitor the international situation, in the hope that the conditions for restoring normal operations will return as soon as possible”. German-economy -Raw-materials
«Radici Group is a company that needs around 2,100 tons of ammonia per month to work – explains the CGIL general secretary of chemists, Cristian Bertuletti -. After the closure of the largest European supplier – Yara, another Italian company in crisis following the price increases – Radici was forced to turn to the United States, managing, however, to find only 1100 tons of ammonia per month. A situation that forced the 104 employees and 214 workers to Redundancy fund for a total of 318 employees».

German-economy -Raw-materials

-Northwest Europe ammonia-to-hydrogen production costs fall below €10/kg of hydrogen

The ICIS Northwest Europe ammonia-to-hydrogen assessment continued to fall in value on the back of demand for ammonia remaining weak, dropping back below the €10/kg mark for the first time since late June.

The ICIS Northwest Europe ammonia-to-hydrogen assessment fell by a further €0.07/kg to €9.99/kg, now over €2.50/kg lower than the assessment from early October and narrowing its premium to Dutch low-carbon hydrogen production costs .


Ammonia prices remain under pressure as supply outweighs demand on a global scale.

East of Suez, demand is flat and ammonia producers and consumers are not expecting to see any shift in the balance of the market moving through December. January remains a question mark in terms of demand, but a number of sources are bearish about the outlook for early 2023, owing to poor economics for downstream markets, including nylon and acrylonitrile. German-economy -Raw-materials

The US ammonia market also appears to be veering to a more bearish than bullish scenario since urea is so competitively priced against both ammonia and UAN. Unfavourable weather conditions across part of the Midwest have also stalled demand.


The ICIS Dutch TTF front-month contract garnered some support during the week due to cooler temperature expectations set to see a boost in heating demand for the commodity, with storage reservoirs having flipped into withdrawal mode in mid-November.

LNG supply into the region remains plentiful however, there is little rook for additional volumes and Russian pipeline gas flows remain much lower on an annual basis.

Data from ICIS showed that European Union gas stocks began the 24 November gas day with 1,056TWh (99.8 billion cubic metres) in stock, about 94% of total capacity and 34% (270TWh) higher on an annual basis.


German-economy -Raw-materials

-Turkish PE and PP markets to be flooded with Russian raw materials

Turkey’s polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) markets are expected to be flooded with an influx of Russian raw materials amid European sanctions, sources toldICISon the sidelines of the Plast Eurasia exhibition in Istanbul.

In 2022, the Turkish market saw a significant increase in Russian imports amid sanctions imposed on Russia by Europe after the start of the war in Ukraine.

One of the sources said: “In October, Russian producers sent 100,000 tons to Turkey, they could not find where to sell them.”

Players expect a further influx of imports until 2023, with different sources coming from different sources. German-economy -Raw-materials

There were talks about volumes from 30 thousand to 60 thousand tons of polyethylene and polypropylene, which are expected to be sent to Europe from Russia every month in the new year.

Russian prices have so far been broadly lower than Middle Eastern prices, and Russian producers have taken market share away from traditional suppliers to Turkey, such as the Middle East, the United States and Iran.

The Turkish market is saturated in terms of supplies, and demand is weak, so entering the market of Russian raw materials exacerbates the oversaturation of the market.

However, when receiving Russian materials, some logistical problems arose. One of the sources said they ordered the polymers for delivery in August, but by November they had not arrived.

“There are a lot of delays from Russia, recyclers buy material, but it does not come on time, so they have to buy on spot and pay more,” added one market participant.

German-economy -Raw-materials

-German economy robust, GDP rises by 0.4% in Q3 2022 on Q2

The German economy remains robust overall and the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) rose by 0.4 per cent in the third quarter (Q3) this year on the second, adjusted for price, seasonal and calendar variations, according to the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis). The Q3 2022 economic performance in the third quarter was mainly based on household final consumption expenditure.

The GDP increased, as had been the case in the first two quarters, despite difficult general conditions in the global economy such as the continuing pandemic, delivery bottlenecks, continuing price rises and the war in Ukraine. German-economy -Raw-materials

Gross fixed capital formation in machinery and equipment also supported the economy, Destatis said in a release.

Despite continuing sharp price increases and the expanding energy crisis, consumers took the opportunity to travel and go out more, for example, also in the third quarter of 2022 after nearly all COVID restrictions had been lifted.

Trade with foreign countries went up, despite the difficult international situation. Thanks to the continuing high stock of orders and improved supply chains worldwide, exports of goods and services were up by 2 per cent in Q3 2022 compared with Q2, after price, seasonal and calendar adjustment. The 2.4 per cent increase in imports was even higher than that of exports.

In Q3 2022, the price-, seasonally- and calendar-adjusted gross value added grew by 1.4 per cent in Germany. One of the reasons was the surprisingly positive development in manufacturing.

GDP in Q3 2022 was up a price-adjusted 1.2 per cent and a price- and calendar-adjusted 1.3 per cent from Q3 2021.


German economy robust, GDP rises by 0.4% in Q3 2022 on Q2

-LG Chem Targets Polycarbonate Production Via Carbon Capture

After constructing the 1,000-tonnes/year pilot facility in 2023, the Korean company plans to verify carbon mitigation values and catalyst performance with the intent to expand scope by 2026. German-economy -Raw-materials

Korea’s LG Chem plans to construct an innovative carbon mitigation facility that will produce raw materials for plastics using carbon dioxide to build its foundation to achieve 2050 Net Zero. The company will construct a Dry Reforming of Methane (DRM) facility, which can produce plastics using carbon dioxide captured at the plant and the byproduct gas, methane.

The DRM facility will be constructed as a 1,000-tonne/year pilot plant at the Daesan site of LG Chem in Chungcheongnam Province by 2023. After verifying the process technologies and catalysts developed using proprietary technologies, plans are to expand its scale by 2026.

DRM is a type of carbon dioxide, capture, and utilization (CCU) technology that reduces carbon dioxide emissions by more than 50% while producing resins such as polycarbonates. The company will build this DRM plant using proprietary technologies instead of externally licensed technologies, even developing catalysts essential for carbon dioxide conversion using its own methods. LG Chem is the first in Korea to commercialize DRM facilities using proprietary technology–based processes and catalysts.

Until now, it was challenging to commercialize DRM due to issues with catalyst performance dropping quickly during operation. However, LG Chem applied proprietarily developed processes and catalyst technologies to address this issue, thereby significantly strengthening the durability of catalysts. German-economy -Raw-materials

LG Chem established a new organization dedicated to the catalyst business to internalize catalyst production technologies in 2019. To date, the company has developed and launched catalysts for products such as polyolefin elastomers and carbon nanotubes.

Kuk Lae Noh, President of LG Chem’s Petrochemicals Co., stated, “LG Chem does intend to be bound within the traditional petrochemical industry structure but is continuously striving to take a leading role in carbon mitigation and sustainable innovative technologies in the global chemical industry.”


LG Chem Targets Polycarbonate Production Via Carbon Capture

-Avient launches new tracer technology for garment fibers

In order to assist brands in verifying the information provided on labels, the sustainable material specialist Avient Corporation has introduced a new method to identify the origin of fibers in polyester and polyamide clothing.

Cesa™, a novel fiber tracer technology from Avient Corporation, is intended to assist in confirming the origin of fibers in a variety of applications, such as clothing, sportswear, and home textiles. German-economy -Raw-materials

According to the manufacturer, the new Cesa tracer contains unique taggants that are customized to be specific for each customer and product line and are inserted into fibers during the spin-dying process. Currently, polyester and polyamide (nylon) fibers, including recycled grades, can use it.

The presence of the taggant can then be detected in end-use fabrics and textiles using particular analytical procedures, thereby establishing the provenance of the fibers. Customers who buy tracer concentrates also have access to a testing service bundle.

Mauro Dallavalle, senior marketing manager, Global Fibers at Avient, said that the textile industry’s supply chain is complex, making it difficult for fiber producers and brand owners to trace the textile goods back to them.

He added that this could be a problem when labeling textiles for specific features like “recycled content” or the certificate of origin (e.g., “produced in…,” he continued), as well as in cases of claims. For businesses searching for low-investment taggant technology that doesn’t necessitate the acquisition of specialized equipment but nevertheless offers good traceability and aids in brand protection, our tracer concentrates present an appealing solution.

For recycled grades, fiber producers can use the tracer concentration pellets earlier in the manufacturing process by including them with the recycled polymer content (such as crushed nylon fishing nets or polyethylene terephthalate bottle flakes) before the pellets are extruded. German-economy -Raw-materials


Avient launches new tracer technology for garment fibers

-TES and EWE to build 500MW electrolyser at Wilhelmshaven

Tree Energy Solutions (“TES”), a world-scale green hydrogen company with a mission to deliver on a net-zero future by decarbonising the energy chain, and EWE, one of Germany’s largest integrated utilities, announce the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to build an electrolyser in TES’ Green Energy Hub in Wilhelmshaven, according to TES’s release. German-economy -Raw-materials

The electrolyser is to be installed and operated starting in 2028. The planned capacity of the electrolyser is 500MW and one more unit is planned to reach a total capacity of 1GW. This MoU is in line with Germany’s strategic energy policy to develop clean energy generated by the North Sea and broaden the possible supply for hydrogen. The signing marks a joint interest in delivering national energy security as Germany continues to diversify its energy supply from renewable energy sources.

The hub in Wilhelmshaven is strategically placed on the North Sea coast and can accommodate up to 2GW capacity electrolysers with renewable energy sources such as offshore wind in order to generate locally produced green hydrogen. TES and EWE will both benefit from the synergies like the joint connection to the grid or the utilization of oxygen in other green energy processes.

Tree Energy Solutions (TES) is a global green hydrogen company supplying long term nonintermittent carbon-neutral energy on-demand at industrial scale. TES aims to accelerate the energy transition by unlocking the potential of existing global energy infrastructure to reach customers with green hydrogen, green gas and green power while accelerating the phaseout of fossil fuels from the energy system worldwide and adopting a circular carbon economy. TES is currently developing energy supply and import terminal locations across the Americas, Middle East, Australia and US in volumes that will truly help to decarbonise global markets.

As an innovative service provider, EWE is active in the business areas of energy, telecommunications and information technology. With over 9,500 employees and a turnover of 6.1 billion euros in 2021, EWE is one of the largest energy companies in Germany. The company, headquartered in Oldenburg in Lower Saxony, is predominantly municipally owned. German-economy -Raw-materials

It supplies around 1.4 million customers with electricity, around 0.7 million with natural gas and around 0.7 million with telecommunications services in northwest Germany, Brandenburg, Rügen and parts of Poland. EWE plays a pioneering role in the areas of supply security, climate protection and digital participation.

To this end, the Group is investing over one billion euros in the expansion of the fibre optic infrastructure in the coming years, four billion euros in the construction of new wind power plants and is a leader in the expansion of the hydrogen infrastructure.


TES and EWE to build 500MW electrolyser at Wilhelmshaven

German-economy -Raw-materials

Recycled-Polyester – Plastic-waste 28-11-2022

Recycled-Polyester – Plastic-waste 28-11-2022

Recycled-Polyester – Plastic-waste

Recycled Polyester – Petrochemicals

Recycled-Polyester - Plastic-waste

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Pyrowave electrifies microwave-based plastic recycling

Pyrowave, a Montreal-headquartered firm, is looking to make its mark in the plastics recycling industry with its use of energy efficient, electric microwaves to produce an almost pure, traceable plastic polymer that broadens the recycling market.

Founded and led by CEO Jocelyn Doucet, the company spent a decade of “intense R&D and investments” to bring its technology to scale. Recycled-Polyester – Plastic-waste

It transforms polystyrene waste, like Styrofoam, into its root chemical called a monomer. The monomer can then be recycled into an end product.

The company offers an alternative to mechanical recycling that faces the challenge of non-removeable additives like pigments and fillers, limiting their market. Pyrowave’s microwave technology resets the plastic to its original shape and removes additives to output something “that has identical application as the virgin material,” Doucet said.

“Now you really fully reset the clock of the polymer.”

Doucet hopes to deliver environmentally-friendly recycling that runs on clean electricity, thus reducing oil consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and supports the circular economy.

The Pyrowave process

Recycling begins in the liquification tank, where plastic waste is liquefied to remove contaminants like labels and additives. The liquid plastic waste is transferred to a reactor, where microwaves reach around 300C to break up polystyrene chains and release the styrene monomer.

The liquid monomer is purified in a distillation column to reach 99.8 per cent purity, compared to 50 to 60 per cent purity from other methods.

Unlike other recycling methods, Pyrowave stands out for its use of electricity, said Doucet.

“Being able to use electrical energy to break up the polymer chain, it’s more energy efficient and you have a lower carbon footprint, because you’re using eventually renewable energy instead of burning something . . . That’s why we’re really focused on electrification of the chemical industry.”

Before it installs its recycling system, Pyrowave conducts a sensitivity analysis to determine the impact from the electricity grid. The cleaner the grid in a particular area, the cleaner the recycling process will be. Doucet claims Pyrowave’s recycling process can significantly reduce GHG emissions in countries with clean grids, like Canada or France.

Producing one kilogram of styrene monomer with Pyrowave’s electric technology slashes GHG emissions by 40 to 45 per cent, compared to producing one kilogram of virgin styrene monomer from fossil fuels.

Even regions without the cleanest grids still benefit, as the microwave technology is energy efficient and only needs to reach about half the temperature required for typical pyrolysis.

Pyrowave is competitive and cost-effective for virgin styrene manufacturing, Doucet said, and decouples the manufacturer from fluctuating crude oil prices.

Traceable plastics for a circular economy

Another benefit to Pyrowave is that it produces traceable plastic.

This assures consumers the plastic they buy has the quantity of recycled plastic material promised on the label, Doucet said. It provides more assurance than certificates or corporate claims, he said, which closes the opportunity for greenwashing.

“We’re able to track systematically every drop of styrene monomer and physically count it into the final product. And this is really the breakthrough we bring to the table. We’re able to demonstrate that with the proper technology, you’re able to do physically segregated, traceable recycled content. Recycled-Polyester – Plastic-waste

“So at the end of the day when the consumer buys product with our styrene monomer, they know 100 per cent of the molecules are actually physically in the product. It’s not just an allocation or an accounting scheme.”

Doucet said the technology can increase recycling rates for plastic that would have been otherwise incinerated or left to decompose in landfills. He pointed to a seven to 10 per cent recycling rate as a problem of markets, not technology.

Plastic waste imbued with additives offers limited recycling options such as being used for car parts. Pyrowave’s process produces near virgin-quality product, opening up the market, creating more demand and reducing water and energy consumption.

The Michelin partnership

Pyrowave partnered with French tire giant Michelin to produce approximately 1,000 passenger car tires with three tons of recycled styrene.

Doucet said Michelin chose Pyrowave because of the traceability of the plastic waste, aiding Michelin’s commitment to using 40 per cent recycled material by 2030.

It is the result of a partnership forged in 2020 when Michelin invested an undisclosed sum into Pyrowave.

Pyrowave “industrialized” its operation with Michelin, Doucet said, licensing the process to the tire maker.

Doucet said Pyrowave impressed industry figures at the Advanced Recycling Conference in Germany with its lifecycle assessment. Pyrowave was “one of the few companies that showed the real numbers . . . Most organizations have been very happy to see that for the first time, companies can show hard numbers that have been generated through full-scale performance.”

Funding and future

The company is continuing to gain traction, with “exponential” growth over the past two years, Doucet said. Tougher regulations for recycled content in products, especially in Europe, has helped drive its business.

Doucet said it is a “signal” for the plastics industry to adopt new technology.

Pyrowave is also catching on Asia, he said, due to new regulations and influence from Asian business leaders who see a market shift.

Doucet said Pyrowave is raising funds to finance growth for the next five years.

He said the firm has received “tens of millions” of dollars to develop the technology. Pyrowave has achieved commercial scale with less money than its competitors because of its modular approach, he said, making it cash efficient. Recycled-Polyester – Plastic-waste

Pyrowave also plans to expand to other markets and applications. Announcements planned for 2023 include a new platform for new materials. There is also a plan to move beyond plastic polymer recycling to other applications, and a core focus on having impact on climate change, the “challenge of this century.”


Recycled-Polyester - Plastic-waste

-NATO, EU to step up non-lethal aid to Ukraine over winter woes

As Russian missile strikes on Ukraine’s power, heating, and water supplies risk leaving a majority of the country vulnerable during winter, Europeans have started looking into how to provide Kyiv with more emergency equipment.

Ukraine is experiencing “waves of deliberate missile attacks on cities and civilian infrastructure, depriving Ukrainians of heat, light, and food”, NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg told reporters on Friday (25 November), calling it a “horrific start to the winter for Ukraine”. Recycled-Polyester – Plastic-waste

In recent weeks, Russia’s focus in Ukraine has shifted from territorial gains towards large-scale bombing campaigns targeting Kyiv and other cities across the country.

While winters in Ukraine tend to be very cold, with temperatures plunging well below 0°C, the coming season is expected to be especially challenging as Russia appears set to continue its attack on the country’s power, water and heating infrastructure.

Speaking to reporters in Brussels, Stoltenberg confirmed “NATO has been delivering fuel, medical supplies, winter equipment”, thanking members for the contributions provided.

The NATO chief also added he would call for more non-lethal aid to secure power generators, winter clothing and other needed non-lethal equipment when alliance foreign ministers meet in Bucharest next week.

Stoltenberg also said NATO members would discuss sending more equipment to enable Ukraine to counter drone operations, in response to Russia’s increasing use of Iran-made unmanned kamikaze weapons used to hit civilian targets.

“Over the longer term we will help Ukraine transition from Soviet-era equipment to modern NATO standards, doctrine and training,” he added in regard to military assistance provided by the alliance.

Next week’s NATO meeting will take place ahead of a donor conference hosted by French President Emmanuel Macron in Paris on 13 December focused on humanitarian aid to Ukraine, and efforts by the EU to transport power grid equipment to the country.

Last week, the European Commission announced it will provide temporary cold-weather shelter, generators, and electricity grid-repair kits to Ukraine to help it tide over the winter ahead.

EU member states have also been asked to prepare for additional refugee inflows from Ukraine during the winter if there is a surge in attacks, the bloc’s Crisis Management Commissioner Janez Lenarčič said last week.

“We are encouraging member states to put enough resources in place to face this kind of increased needs”, Lenarčič said.

The World Health Organisation has warned the attacks on infrastructure could have “life-threatening” consequences and estimated that millions could leave their homes as a result.

This comes as Russian officials have begun openly admitting to targeting Ukraine’s civilian utilities. Recycled-Polyester – Plastic-waste

Russian Defence Ministry spokesman Igor Konashenkov claimed this week they were linked to Ukraine’s military command and control system and the aim was to disrupt the flows of Ukrainian troops, weapons, and ammunition to the front lines.

“Taken as a whole, this raises serious problems under international humanitarian law, which requires a concrete and direct military advantage for each object attacked,” UN human rights chief Volker Turk said, adding that the Russian strikes on critical infrastructure were problematic.


Recycled-Polyester - Plastic-waste

-Cambi and Sasol innovate to move up the waste hierarchy through thermal hydrolysis

Cambi has signed a large contract with Wood, a global leader in consulting and engineering, to supply Sasol with two full-scale thermal hydrolysis process (THP) systems for treating industrial biological sludge at Sasol’s Secunda Operations (SO) in South Africa.Sasol and Cambi commenced a commercial trial at SO in 2021 using a small-scale THP unit. Extensive laboratory tests and integration checks demonstrated the feasibility of refunneling industrial biological sludge into Sasol’s coal-to-liquids (CTL) gasification process and identified the optimal process parameters for full-scale application.

“We are excited about this project, as it will enable us to improve our waste management by moving up the waste hierarchy while improving ambient air quality.

This will enable Sasol to move away from incineration and, at the same time, to derive syngas from biosludge. We recognise the link between our activities and the need to act responsibly by holistically managing the impacts of our operations through world-class innovation,” said Simon Baloyi, Executive Vice President for Energy Operations and Technology at Sasol. Recycled-Polyester – Plastic-waste

“Today’s contract is important for Cambi, marking our first full-scale THP project for industrial substrates outside of Norway. The project is unique in the world and introduces a new, sustainable way to process large streams of biosludge. The swift progress from demonstration to full-scale adoption shows that THP makes business sense in many settings and is testimony to Sasol’s solid commitment to reducing carbon emissions. We look forward to seeing the full-scale solution in operation as soon as possible”, remarked Eirik Fadnes, CEO at Cambi.

This innovative project will reroute biosludge from incineration to the gasification process, thereby reducing point source emissions. It will be the world’s first full-scale installation where thermal hydrolysis is used to enable the conversion of biosludge into hydrocarbon fuels and chemicals.

The THP equipment supply contract follows an engineering design project carried out by Cambi earlier this year in close collaboration with Wood, who were commissioned to deliver the full sludge refunnelling solution.

For Cambi, the project is ready to go into the manufacturing phase. The two THP systems are scheduled for commissioning in 2024.


Cambi and Sasol innovate to move up the waste hierarchy through thermal hydrolysis

-Frame   France & Germany plunged into recession..!? Game Begun?

Several parties have predicted that many countries will be pushed into a recession by the end of 2022 due to the slow pace of economic growth in the world and that superpowers such as the United States will be pushed into a recession in the first half of 2023. Many parties have predicted that superpower countries like America will be pushed into recession in the first half of 2023. Which countries are stuck in recession..? Private sector activity in Europe’s two major economies slowed in November, pushing them into decline. Thus it is said that both these countries are already plunged into recession like Britain and have not declared it officially. Recycled-Polyester – Plastic-waste

France’s PMI index fell to 48.8 points for the first time since the coronavirus, according to S&P Global Flash Purchasing Managers’ Index data. Generally, a PMI index above 50 points means growth and below 50 points means decline.

With this, France’s PMI index fell to 48.8 points, while Germany’s PMI index fell to 46.4 points. It is noteworthy that both these countries have recorded a recession than the level predicted by economists. At the same time, as the whole of Europe enters the Winter, fuel shortages, inflation, and production decline will reach their peak, which will affect not only the economy of France and Germany but also the economic condition of Europe as a whole.

This will not only affect the economy of France and Germany but also the economic condition of the entire of Europe. British Chancellor of the Exchequer Jeremy Hunt announced last week that Britain is already in recession. While no country has yet officially declared that it has gone into recession, Britain has admitted that it has gone into recession.

Following this, Germany and France, which are currently the largest economies in the European Union, have entered into recession. With leading economies going into recession, other countries that depend on these countries will suffer more.For example, while Europe is the most important trading country for India’s textile industry, France and Germany have entered into recession, making it very difficult to get new orders, which may reduce production and lay off workers in the indian textile industry.


Frame   France & Germany plunged into recession..!? Game Begun?

-Why the UK needs to stop exporting plastic waste

The world produces a vast amount of plastic. Global plastic production increased from 2 million metric tons in 1950 to 348 million metric tons in 2017. Yet much of this plastic is wasted: 86% of the world’s plastic waste in 2016 was either incinerated, sent to landfill or leaked into nature. Recycled-Polyester – Plastic-waste

Many countries use international trade to manage their plastic waste. The justification for this is that plastic waste can be treated in destinations with better capacity for waste treatment. The UK, lacking capacity itself, exports 60% of its plastic waste abroad. But in a recent report, the House of Commons Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee – the group of MPs responsible for improving and protecting the environment – have called on the government to stop the export of UK plastic waste by the end of 2027.

The movement of hazardous waste is controlled by an international agreement called the Basel Convention. It requires the consent of the receiving country, accurate labelling of waste, and notification when plastic waste has been treated for waste to be exported legally. The Convention has recently increased the range of plastics that fall within its remit.

China has long been the world’s leading plastic waste importer. But in 2017 its government banned plastic waste imports, citing concerns over the low quality of material received. This has displaced vast quantities of plastic waste. The UK now exports most of its plastic waste to Turkey, Indonesia, Vietnam, Malaysia and the Netherlands.

Passing the burden

The import of plastic waste is a valuable source of foreign exchange for many countries. But these countries often have limited waste treatment infrastructure.

Uncontrolled imports can therefore lead to the volume of plastic waste received exceeding the capacity of a country to cope with it. It also displaces its ability to treat its own domestic waste. The result is more plastic waste than can be safely handled and high levels of mismanagement.

Once a country has received the waste, monitoring of the treatment process is also scarce. A Greenpeace investigation in 2021 found evidence of plastic waste from the UK and Germany dumped illegally across 10 sites in southwestern Turkey.

But mismanaged plastic waste is one of the main causes of plastic pollution in nature. One report estimates that 56% (239 million metric tonnes) of global annual plastic waste production by 2040 will be subject to mismanagement.

Exporting plastic waste also raises ethical questions. It allows exporting nations to forgo their responsibility to deal with their own plastic waste while claiming to be managing their waste responsibly. Recycled-Polyester – Plastic-waste

Upstream solutions

A more systemic and responsible way of dealing with plastic waste is to reduce plastic consumption. The Committee’s report recommends measures that focus on reducing plastic waste at source, rather than improving the ability of waste treatment infrastructure to manage a greater capacity of waste.

The key suggestion was to accelerate the introduction of Extended Producer Responsibility schemes. Extended Producer Responsibility is an approach that aims to make companies bear a greater proportion of the cost of disposing the plastic they use for products put on the market. These schemes will apply to all companies in the UK who put at least 1 tonne of plastic packaging on the market each year by 2030, encouraging them to reduce their production of plastic waste. This can be achieved through innovations to “design out” plastics or by transitioning to a circular economy where plastic materials are reused or fully recycled.

The Committee’s report recommends the establishment of a plastic reuse task force, composed of representatives from industry and consumer groups. The group would coordinate strategies including incentives to adopt business models that encourage the reuse of plastic materials, single-use plastic charges, mandatory reporting on a company’s plastic footprint, and public campaigns to raise the profile of reuse schemes.

Deposit-return schemes also help and are already in progress in the UK. In 2023, Scotland will launch a national programme where people will pay a 20p deposit when they buy a drink in a plastic bottle or can, which will be repaid when the empty container is returned.

Plastic waste is a global problem

The recommendations made by the Committee are a positive step forward and would place the UK in a position of international leadership on tackling plastic pollution. But plastic value chains are transnational and waste is generated at each stage. This reduces the effectiveness of isolated national action. Recycled-Polyester – Plastic-waste

National policies often do not have the reach or influence to tackle the global causes of plastic pollution. Research that I co-authored found that isolated policies including national bans on plastic products are ineffective in reducing the generation of plastic waste. Fragmented national policies can also create loopholes in international policy that inadvertently reroutes plastic waste towards the destinations least equipped to deal with it.

But earlier this year, 173 countries formally adopted a UN resolution to start negotiations for a global legally binding agreement to end plastic pollution by the end of 2024. The World Trade Organisation has also launched an initiative to explore how trade policies can be used to reduce plastic pollution. International cooperation over plastic waste policy, along with the legal power of the Basel Convention, offers hope of a coordinated global response to plastic pollution that avoids policy fragmentation.

Environmental groups are critical of the trade in plastic waste. The Committee’s recommendation to ban UK plastic waste exports by 2027 is therefore an ambitious and welcome step forwards in tackling plastic pollution. But without global action, isolated national policies will not deliver change on the scale required to end this controversial trade.The Conversation


Recycled-Polyester - Plastic-waste

-Contract prices of injection molding PC rose in Europe by EUR170 per ton in the fourth quarter

Contract prices for injection polycarbonate (PC) in Europe rose by EUR170 per tonne in the fourth quarter compared to the previous quarter due to high electricity costs seen in the third quarter,ICIS reported.

Weak buying interest was restrained by a sharp increase in prices. PC orders in the automotive and construction sectors remained low due to weak macroeconomic forecasts.

Demand for polycarbonate for casting is still considered higher than for polycarbonate for extrusion.

Pc supply remains sufficient, although most local manufacturers have drastically reduced production volumes. Recycled-Polyester – Plastic-waste

The price difference between European and Asian polycarbonate has made imports from China, South Korea and Saudi Arabia more attractive this quarter.

This has allowed some European buyers to buy more goods in these regions and reduce their dependence on local sellers.

According to theScanPlast review, in January-September 2022, the total estimated consumption of PC granulate in the Russian market (excluding imports and exports to Belarus) increased by 2% and amounted to about 64.3 thousand tons against 63.3 thousand tons a year earlier.

Contract prices of injection molding PC rose in Europe by EUR170 per ton in the fourth quarter

-WM and Dow run curbside recycling pilot scheme for plastic films in Illinois city

WM and Dow are collaborating to facilitate curbside recycling of hard-to-recycle plastic films in a pilot scheme taking place in the US city of Hickory Hills, Illinois.

Only 1.9% of US households currently have access to curbside plastic film recycling, according to The Recycling Partnership. As such, it has the lowest overall recycling rate of any plastic material. Once the recycling programme is operating at full capacity, it is hoped that 120,000 metric tons of plastic film will be diverted from landfills every year.

Plastic packaging such as bread bags, cling film, and dry-cleaning bags are thought to be compatible with the current pilot. It is currently said to reach around 3,500 households, and other cities across America are expected to adopt the scheme in the future.

“By providing residential customers with a simple, curbside option for recycling plastic films, we will not only help our customers more easily manage their used plastic film products, but also meet the rising demand for recycled content products,” said Jim Fish, president and CEO at WM.  Recycled-Polyester – Plastic-waste

“We see tremendous untapped potential to recycle and reuse plastic film, which many of our residential customers struggle to properly dispose.”

WM plans to invest $800 million into recycling infrastructure from now until 2025 – this is set to include sorting technology for plastic films. Meanwhile, Dow is reportedly working towards the incorporation of recycled content into its product solutions and aims to deliver three million metric tons of circular and renewable solutions by 2030.

“Enabling a circular economy requires broad stakeholder collaboration, innovation, and investment throughout the value chain to continue to more rapidly develop and advance solutions at scale,” added Jim Fitterling, chairman and CEO at Dow. “Through our collaboration with WM, we’re determined to launch new programs that grow recycling infrastructure and access nationwide, creating a more comprehensive system where films and flexible plastics form a key pillar of our circular product offerings.”

The news comes after Dow announced the expansion of its Project REFLEX flexible packaging recycling initiative to Egypt and Guinea following a successful pilot phase in Nigeria; and its introduction of the R-Cycle digital product passport to its pouch-to-pouch mechanical recycling concept for flexible packaging, working alongside HP Indigo, Reifenhäuser, Cadel Deinking, and Karlville.


WM and Dow run curbside recycling pilot scheme for plastic films in Illinois city

Recycled-Polyester – Plastic-waste

PET-Preform – MMF – EVO-bio-Yarn 26-11-2022

Recycled Polyester – Petrochemicals 28-11-2022

Recycled Polyester – Petrochemicals Recycled Polyester - Petrochemicals 

ITEM26 21/11/2022 28/11/2022 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 6,975 yuan/ton 6,925 yuan/ton -50
Bottle grade PET chips export market 910 $/ton 905 $/ton -5
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 6,575 yuan/ton 6,380 yuan/ton -195
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 6,725 yuan/ton 6,530 yuan/ton -195
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market 5,600 yuan/ton 5,395 yuan/ton -205
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 775 $/ton 775 $/ton
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 3,775 yuan/ton 3,780 yuan/ton +5
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 447 $/ton 445 $/ton -2
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market 962 $/ton 946 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 942 $/ton 926 $/ton -16
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,169 $/ton 1,152 $/ton -17
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 6,950 yuan/ton 6,680 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 6,850 yuan/ton 6,850 yuan/ton
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 8,100 yuan/ton 7,850 yuan/ton -250
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F

PET-Bottles-0,80I.V. – Petrochemicals

8,200 yuan/ton 8,100 yuan/ton -100
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 7,700 yuan/ton 7,600 yuan/ton -100
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,300 yuan/ton 7,000 yuan/ton -300
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 12,650 yuan/ton 11,725 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,670 $/ton 1,650 $/ton -20
Nylon6 chips overseas  market 1,970 $/ton 1,970 $/ton
Nylon6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 12,900 yuan/ton 12,750 yuan/ton -150
Nylon6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market 13,350 yuan/ton 13,200 yuan/ton -150
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market 23,000 yuan/ton 22,300 yuan/ton -700
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 15,650 yuan/ton 15,500 yuan/ton -150
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 17,900 yuan/ton 17,750 yuan/ton- -150
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  16,000 yuan/ton 15,900 yuan/ton -100
Spandex 20D  domestic  market 40,500 yuan/ton 40,500 yuan/ton
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 37,500 yuan/ton 37,000 yuan/ton 500
Spandex 40D  domestic  market 34,500 yuan/ton 34,000 yuan/ton -500
Adipic Acid domestic market 9,550 yuan/ton 9,150 yuan/ton -400
Benzene domestic market

PET-Bottles-0,80I.V. – Petrochemicals

6,890 yuan/ton 6,390 yuan/ton -500
Benzene overseas  market 801 $/ton 771 $/ton -30
Ethylene South East market 880 $/ton 880 $/ton
Ethylene NWE market 871 $/ton 857 $/ton -14
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market 11,000 yuan/ton 10,000 yuan/ton -1,000
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market 1,600 $/ton 1,550 $/tn -50
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 16,600 yuan/ton 16,600 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 13,000 yuan/ton 12,900 yuan/ton -100
PP Powder domestic market
7,650 yuan/ton 7,730 yuan/ton +80
Naphtha overseas market  722 $/ton 699 $/ton
Phenol domestic market 8,810 yuan/ton 8,480 yuan/ton -330

PET-Bottles-0,80I.V. – Petrochemicals

PET-Preform – MMF – EVO-bio-Yarn 26-11-2022

PET-Preform – MMF – EVO-bio-Yarn

-Sabic launches value chain partnership with Jinming and Bolsas to foster innovative flexible film packaging solutions

  • SABIC’s close collaboration with Guangdong Jinming Machinery Co., Ltd., and Bolsas de los Altos will focus on application development activities for flexible packaging.
  • The collaborative efforts will augment SABIC’s position in the Americas as a polyethylene resin supplier with local production capabilities

SABIC, a global leader in the chemicals industry, has teamed up with Guangdong Jinming Machinery Co., Ltd., a plastic packaging equipment manufacturer and Bolsas de los Altos, a leading plastic film and packaging converter to support growth of polyolefin based innovative applications in the flexible packaging segment. Engagement with value chain players remains critical to SABIC’s vision of bringing market driven innovation to customers. By exchanging mutual expertise on polymer technology and processing, this collaboration will secure the development of a robust applications pipeline based on current and future market trends.

Sustainability trends continue to transform the flexible packaging industry. As a result, incumbent film structures need to be updated to conform to latest circularity needs. A partnership involving SABIC’s deep materials knowledge, Jinming’s equipment manufacturing excellence and Bolsas’ converting capabilities can address these challenges. The collaboration will provide an outlet to test and validate performance of SABIC polyolefin resin products including polyethylene resin offerings from Gulf Coast Growth Ventures (GCGV) and from TRUCIRCLE™ , SABIC’s commitment to circularity for plastics. The collaborative efforts will feature installation of Jinming’s multilayer coextrusion machinery at Bolsas’ Mexico facility. PET-Preform – MMF – EVO-bio-Yarn

Waleed Al-Shalfan, Vice President Polymers Technology & Innovation at SABIC, said: “At SABIC, we continue to invest in market driven innovation to deliver value added solutions to our customers. We understand that partnerships with the right value chain players have the potential to bring newer, game changing innovations to the market faster. The current partnership with Jinming and Bolsas holds great promise to tap into mutual capabilities and adapt global trends in flexible packaging applications to regional needs.”

Mars Ma, General Manager of Jinming, commented: “It’s a great milestone to sign off this MOU which officially kicks-off the strategic collaborations among the 3 parties. It’s an excellent example of value chain collaboration. We are glad to work together with SABIC and Bolsas to address market needs via innovative solutions”

Guillermo Lopez Orozco, Founder and CEO of Bolsas de los Altos, added: “As a leading provider of plastic packaging, Bolsas de los Altos is excited to expand into the broader flexible packaging market. Flexible packaging has shown remarkable resilience in a market disrupted by a global pandemic and supply chain issues. The installation of multilayer coextrusion equipment at our Mexico facility made possible due to our collaborative partnership with Jinming and SABIC will allow us to target several new applications including long term sustainability trends in this space.”


PET-Preform - MMF - EVO-bio-Yarn

-Complete End-to-End PET Preform Production

Husky’s new HyPET Complete is a connected production cell for molding preforms developed to address ongoing challenges faced by food and beverage packaging producers.

At Gulfood Manufacturing 2022 in Dubai, Husky Technologies debuted the HyPET Complete—a full manufacturing cell for the production of PET preforms billed by the company as the industry’s only complete, end-to-end, connected production system. Husky says HyPET Complete is built around its latest generation of HyPET systems, including those tailored for the production of rPET, and it includes a purpose-built drying solution, optimized energy management, enhanced melt control, automated mold cleaning, integrated part quality inspection, and more.

The company says this complete cell will help food and beverage packaging producers better deal with current market issues, including rising energy and material costs; supply chain fluctuations; skilled labor shortages; and demands to be more sustainable.

HyPET Complete applies an end-to-end approach incorporating factory planning and tooling lifecycle optimization, workforce training and development, a fully digitized delivery model and OEM parts, as well as the company’s Advantage+Elite predictive remote-monitoring platform. PET-Preform – MMF – EVO-bio-Yarn

Designed to enable producers to navigate through today’s most prevalent challenges, HyPET Complete is particularly relevant to producers who are looking for more energy efficient manufacturing processes and packaging materials, such as PET, to offset fluctuating costs.


PET-Preform - MMF - EVO-bio-Yarn

-Reducing gas consumption in spunlace production

Researchers at the Center of Excellence in Nonwovens at the STFI (Sächsisches Textilforschungsinstitut) have developed an energy efficient system for drying spunlace fabrics.

As part of the project, the Chemnitz, Germany-based institute has installed a measurement and control system from Pleva which, designed to reduce gas consumption and optimize energy efficiency, includes sensors for measuring residual moisture, fabric temperature, exhaust humidity and a process control system.

Following the spunlace process, the high residual moisture content of the fabric means that the system begins with a contactless microwave moisture measurement using an AF 120 sensor. The sensor consists of two measuring heads, the transmitter and the receiver. The measuring principle is based on microwave absorption by the water content of the nonwoven. The more water there is in the nonwoven, the lower the signal at the receiver.

The magnitude of the absorption is a measure of the absolute residual moisture content of the nonwoven. This determination of the water content is used to optimize the subsequent dryer.

Inside the drum dryer, the nonwoven temperature is monitored with three TDS infrared sensors. This ensures that the quality of the spunlace nonwoven is not affected by overheating. The used infrared measurement is based on heat radiation exchange between the spunlace nonwoven and the infrared sensor. The measuring range of the TDS sensor is 0 – 250°C. PET-Preform – MMF – EVO-bio-Yarn

The exhaust air humidity in the screen drum dryer is monitored by the FS X air humidity sensor and can be regulated in the production process via an exhaust flap control. The absolute air humidity (water vapor) in the exhaust exit tube of the drum dryer is measured while the setting of the optimum air humidity value should be e.g. 90 g water/kg air under production conditions for textile dryers.

For measuring the low residual moisture after the drum dryer and therefore for controlling the fibre-dependent drying temperature, the system uses an RR sensor.

Used in applications of up to maximum of 30% residual moisture, this is a tandem roller sensor which monitors the residual moisture measurement in the centre of the nonwoven. The active principle is the contact measurement of very low residual moisture based on electrical conductivity. The defined contact pressure and perfect alignment to the nonwoven with the tandem roller sensor ensure the highest accuracy while a further advantage is the compensation of electrostatic charge at low residual moisture levels, particularly for synthetic fabrics.


With the process visualization, the fabric temperature, residual moisture and exhaust air moisture measured by the corresponding sensors are monitored and the process values are adjusted on the spunlace system

Andreas Nestler, Research Associate at STFI highlights the newly achieved possibilities: “The profile of the residual moisture after the AquaJet and the drying temperature (fabric temperature) allow new optimization possibilities in the drying process. Gentle heating curves become possible, which prevent nonwoven surface damage. Also, the process and tolerance monitoring enables the improvement of the nonwoven quality, as it is not exposed to unnecessarily high drying temperatures.”

This is also an important aspect in terms of sustainability, as there are no more second choice goods or rejects, which ensures waste reduction and the subsequent saving of valuable resources. A comprehensive 10-day trend display/history and recipe management is also possible. PET-Preform – MMF – EVO-bio-Yarn

The drying process is carried out with highest energy efficiency and continuous data monitoring. The process visualization is a modular visualization and control system for the material moisture and for the drying process.

At various customer trials with this implemented system of sensors and process control, the STFI says it achieved the goal of an energy efficient nonwoven production line. “With the technology it was possible to lower the drying temperature by 40°C (from 100°C to 60°C) running on target moisture. For viscose the residual moisture was set to 5-7%. In summary, with these optimizations, a used gas volume reduction of 20% was achieved with a given full transferability to industrial dryers.”


PET-Preform - MMF - EVO-bio-Yarn

-Oerlikon’s sustainable plant solutions for the manmade fiber industry in India and Bangladesh

The Swiss Oerlikon Group’s Polymer Processing Solutions division will be presenting itself at the ITME 2022 under the banner of ‘From Melt to Yarn, Fibers and Nonwovens’. The international trade fair is taking place in the India Exposition Mart Ltd., Noida, close to New Delhi, India. Between December 8 and 13 this year, more than 1800 exhibitors and over 150.000 visitors are expected. Oerlikon will be presenting a broad range of products and services focused on manufacturing and processing manmade fibers. Oerlikon’s team of experts is very much looking forward to seeing you at booth C15 in Hall 11.

In addition to various new component exhibits from the fields of continuous polycondensation including gear metering pumps, filament (POY, FDY, IDY, BCF) and staple fiber spinning, texturing as well as nonwovens production, the dialog with all customers will now more than ever after almost 6 years without an ITME in India be again at the center of the trade show activities. PET-Preform – MMF – EVO-bio-Yarn

For Oerlikon, this will be the third major appearance in the region in the fourth quarter of this year, after having had in November two exciting and interesting customer events in Daman, India, and Dhaka, Bangladesh. This is also because the important markets of India and Bangladesh are currently still standing out in terms of their investment behaviour and currently offer good opportunities for further polymer processing projects. More than 250 participants discussed the technology and market analysis presentations held by Oerlikon experts, at the Oerlikon Technology Symposium in Daman, India. Afterwards, all guests celebrated the 100th anniversary of Oerlikon Barmag and the 75th independence of India with a big gala event.

India right now continues to have above-average economic growth with a 6.8% Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for 2022. Experts speak of “a bright spot in a global gloom”. Some facts and figures:

▪ The textile industry in India is one of the largest in the world with a large raw material base and manufacturing strength across the value chain.

▪ India is the 2nd largest producer of MMF Fiber. India is the 6th largest exporter of textiles and apparel in the world.

▪ India became the second-largest manufacturer of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) kits in the world.

▪ India is the 6th largest producer of technical textiles with a 6% Global Share (12% CAGR), the largest producer of cotton and jute in the world.

▪ The industry contributes to 7% of industrial output in value terms, 2% of India’s GDP and 12% of the country’s export earnings.

▪ The share of textile, apparel and handicrafts in India’s total exports was 10.62% in 2021-22.

▪ The textile industry in India is one of the largest economic sectors that contributes the most to job creation in the country. It engages 16.73 lakhs of people consisting of 10.28 % of the total employment share.

▪ The domestic apparel and textile industry in India contributes 2.3% to the country’s GDP, 7% of industry output in value terms.

▪ The domestic textiles and apparel industry stood at USD 152 bn in 2021.

“Major growth of textiles will come from Manmade Fiber industry”, said Shri Piyush Goyal, Union Minister of Textiles, Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution and Commerce & Industry at the end of October in India. He suggested that the industry should understand each other and work in synergy to amicably resolve the issues among the producers and users of polyester in the entire value chain. Industry representatives responded that they are hopeful of achieving the export of 100 billion USD in the next 5 to 6 years.

Success in the markets

In India, however, things continue to go very well for Oerlikon in other respects. In the middle of the year, the joint venture Oerlikon Barmag Huitong (Yangzhou) Engineering Co. Ltd. also recorded a major success. PET-Preform – MMF – EVO-bio-Yarn


Oerlikon’s sustainable plant solutions for the manmade fiber industry in India and Bangladesh

-Palsgaard, Korean Converter Collaborate to Optimize Shelf-Life of Packaged Food

Aesthetics, safety, and sustainability of sensitive food packaging is addressed with a plant-based, food-grade anti-fogging additive.

Palsgaard, a supplier of plant-based additives for the plastics industry, says that its Einar 611 bio-based anti-fog surfactant has been successfully specified by a major Korean supplier of food-grade polyethylene (PE) film products. The customer had been looking for a cold anti-fogging additive that would effectively protect the packaged food from spoilage by preventing the formation of condensation droplets on the inside of the film at low concentration levels. At the same time, the surfactant had to eliminate regulatory concerns with regard to its chemistry and provide superior functional performance at cost-effective low concentration. PET-Preform – MMF – EVO-bio-Yarn

“The importance of food packaging and its role is ever-changing, from the mere protection of food items from the outside in nice packaging to concerns about food safety and product shelf life,” says Ulrik Aunskjaer, Global Business Director for Bio-Specialty Polymer Additives at Palsgaard. “Our plant-based Einar 611 anti-fog has proven itself a perfect choice in this PE film application to minimize the risk of moisture accumulating in small reservoirs on the inner surface of the packaging film, where bacteria could grow and then drop down and spoil the food.”

Effective alternative to conventional anti-fogging chemistries

As a renewable polyglycerol ester made of certified palm oil from Malaysia that does not compete with food or feed sources, Einar 611 has been developed as a highly effective replacement for conventional anti-fogging chemistries, such as glycerol monooleate or sorbitan esters, in demanding PE film formulations designed for sensitive food packaging. With anti-fog performance matching or exceeding that of non-vegetable fossil-based incumbents, it reportedly delivers excellent results in low-density and linear-low-density PE as well as co-extruded and laminated PE film at low loading levels — typically 0.2% to 0.4% — for both cold- and hot-fog applications. Moreover, it has proven itself as an ideal additive in PE masterbatches and shows no adverse effects on the mechanical, optical, or barrier properties of the film, while offering high heat resistance and low volatility, according to Palsgaard. The bio-based anti-fog surfactant is available in paste form.

From a perspective of food safety, the long-lasting anti-fog performance of Einar 611 can make a significant contribution to the reduction of food waste by preserving its freshness. The additive supports a clear view on the packaged product, which promotes its consumer appeal over a longer shelf-life, and meets all global food-contact standards, including kosher and halal. PET-Preform – MMF – EVO-bio-Yarn

“While there is opposition from the food industry to palm oil such as in France, when sustainably produced, palm oil is the highest yielding plant oil,” commented Ulrik Aunskjaer, Director, Bio-Specialty Additives at Palsgaard. The company also grows its own rapeseed in Europe as an alternative bio-based raw material.

Sustainable production practices

In addition, Einar 611 anti-fog is produced in CO2-neutral factories, thus helping PE film manufacturers, masterbatch makers, and processors to minimize their Scope 3 emissions and mitigate fossil depletion. According to the Greenhouse Gas Protocol, Scope 1 refers to direct emissions from production processes, Scope 2 to indirect emissions from energy use, and Scope 3 to all other indirect emissions, such as from material supplies, packaging, and transportation.

Along with expanding its production capacities, Palsgaard continues investing in its own Scope 1 and Scope 2 carbon-neutral production processes. Its Juelsminde site in Denmark achieved Scope 1 neutrality in 2018, but further investments will now be required as capacity is added.

The company is constructing a biogas plant that will employ wastewater from Palsgaard and become operational in early 2023, covering 10% of the required gas supply on-site. It already operates a biogas plant at the Juelsminde municipal wastewater treatment plant in a public-private partnership. PET-Preform – MMF – EVO-bio-Yarn

Another project scheduled to commence in spring 2023 is the construction of a 60-acre solar power plant with an annual capacity of 60 GWh, generating sufficient renewable electricity to power all future capacity expansions currently planned at Juelsminde.


Palsgaard, Korean Converter Collaborate to Optimize Shelf-Life of Packaged Food

-Pangaia chooses Evo by Fulgar for activewear

Brand launches new generation activewear 3.0 made from bio-based materials.

Materials Science Brand Pangaia has chosen Evo bio-based yarn by Fulgar, the leading manufacturer of man-made fibres, for the launch of its new Activewear 3.0 collection,

The decision provides further confirmation of the green, innovative direction the brand is taking, reflecting its mission – to find innovative materials that promote biodiversity, eliminating petrochemical products and supporting a positive future for the climate.

“The activewear sector generally uses materials with entirely petrochemical origins, reflecting a need for significant benefits in moisture absorption and performance. However, the introduction of a greater number of bio-based materials means we’ve been able to replace fossil fuels with renewable resources. This is the choice we’ve made for Pangaia’s Activewear 3.0 collection. Our partnership with Fulgar and the use of Evo yarn has enabled us to create a new generation of sustainable, high-performance activewear,” says Amanda Parkes, Chief innovation officer of The Pangaia. PET-Preform – MMF – EVO-bio-Yarn

Evo by Fulgar yarn is made from castor oil, a renewable and sustainable resource. The castor oil plant, Fulgar says, grows spontaneously in arid regions, does not require large amounts of water areas and does not take up land that where food crops can be grown. The biomass from which Evo by Fulgar is formed by castor oil seed and the monomers used in the polymerisation process are partially or totally derived from castor oil.

In all, Fulgar explains, the yarn offers the characteristics of the finest quality nylon and is suitable for all textile applications, from sportswear to hosiery, as it is high-performance, very light, stretchy and breathable. It dries quickly, is non-iron and boasts natural thermal and bacteriostatic properties.

The extensive series of distinctive values and benefits provide maximum comfort and unique performance while respecting the natural world. As a result, they are perfectly in line with Pangaia’s philosophy of ‘high-tech naturalism’ and are the perfect solution for the creation of the new Activewear 3.0 capsule.

Made from 99.99% Evo nylon and 30% creora elastane, both of vegetable origin, the capsule is the brand’s most bio-based proposal so far. The evolution of Pangaia activewear is said to be an experience in revolutionary wearability, with seamless garments offering extensive benefits in terms of comfort and stretch, and in movement. With second skin properties, the garments create a sensation of light compression and enable wearers to keep cool and fresh for longer thanks to the patented PPRMINT treatment with natural peppermint oil. PET-Preform – MMF – EVO-bio-Yarn

“We’re very happy to be working once again side-by-side with Pangaia in its progress towards increasingly green collections, made possible by the properties of our ecological yarns. It’s a significant recognition of our long-standing commitment to eco-sustainable research and development towards an ethical, circular and increasingly sustainable activewear supply chain,” says Alan Garosi, Head of Marketing at Fulgar.

Pangaia’s Activewear 3.0 collection with Evo by Fulgar – available online at www.pangaia.com – comprises four key models in three colour versions: bra (€55), crop-top (€80 euro), shorts (€65 euro) and leggings (€100 euro) in black, leaf green and cerulean blue.


Pangaia chooses Evo by Fulgar for activewear

-It is time for a thorough debate on CO2 utilisation

There has never been a more exciting time for carbon capture, yet EU policies need to provide a predicable regulatory framework and allow for a strong business case, writes Koen Coppenholle, CEO of CEMBUREAU, the European Cement Associaton.

The past months have been marked by significant headways for Carbon Capture, Utilisation and Storage (CCUS) in the EU. A large number pilot and demonstration projects have been launched by cement companies across Europe, with the first of them becoming operational as early as 2024. PET-Preform – MMF – EVO-bio-Yarn

Recent ETS Innovation Fund calls also supported a great variety of CCUS projects, strengthening the EU’s global leadership on the technology. Politically, carbon capture is equally getting a strong momentum: Energy Commissioner Kadri Simson announced a Communication on a strategic vision during the recent CCUS Forum, whilst Executive Vice-President Timmermans highlighted at a recent CEMBUREAU event the crucial role that the technology will play.

These investments in CCUS in the cement industry should not surprise anyone. According to our sector’s Carbon Neutrality Roadmap, CCUS  represents 42% of the cement industry’s emission reductions by 2050. Process emissions, roughly representing two thirds of cement manufacturing CO2 emissions, are unavoidable and even if we push hard on all other decarbonisation levers, carbon capture is indispensable to meet our carbon neutrality ambitions.

Yet, despite this renewed momentum, there is a high degree of uncertainty around the use of CO2 from industrial sources. This uncertainty was ignited by the Commission’s Communication on Sustainable Carbon Cycles (December 2021) which states that “fossil carbon should be replaced by more sustainable streams of recycled carbon from waste, sustainable biomass and directly from the atmosphere”. In the Communication, no timeline has been put on the replacement of ‘fossil carbon’.  The recent Commission Draft Delegated Act on the greenhouse gas saving criteria for recycled carbon fuels does introduce such timeline, at least for the production of synthetic fuels. According to this proposal, CO2 from industrial sources can no longer be used after 2035 in the production of synthetic fuels.

This draft Delegated Act has been met with consternation within the EU cement industry. There are currently major CO2 utilisation projects under development – some of which are actually supported by the EU’s own ETS Innovation Fund – in the sector to develop synthetic fuels. These involve highly significant CapEx and OpEx, and are planned on a return on investments of several decades. These CO2 utilisation projects are actually vital for the decarbonisation of the sector, as many of the 200 cement kilns on the European territory are landlocked with no easily available CO2 storage-site within reach. Faced with unavoidable CO2 emissions, it is crucial that these plants have the possibility to re-use the CO2 they capture into fuels and products.

We do take the point made by the European Commission that synthetic fuels using industrial CO2 are not a fully “net zero solution”, to the extent that the captured CO2 is re-emitted into the atmosphere when the fuel is used by the airplane, ship or truck. However, even if not a carbon neutral solution, synthetic fuels (and the re-utilisation of CO2 in general) make a decisive contribution to climate mitigation in the short to medium term, by considerably reducing the amount of CO2 emissions and reducing reliance on fossil fuels. Faced with a climate emergency and a shortage of alternative CO2 sources in the short to medium term, why would the EU proceed with legislation that endangers the business case for a key decarbonisation avenue for the cement and transport sector altogether?

The very reasons behind the proposed phase-out of industrial CO2  are unclear, nor is the choice of 2035 as phase-out date. The Commission seems to consider 2035 as “long-term” which does, however, not coincide with business reality in sectors with investment cycles of 30-35 years. There is further no detailed impact assessment on the availability of what the Commission defines as sustainable sources of CO2. For DAC, forecasts estimate between 154 and 227 million tonnes by 2050 with no estimation of DAC/BECC availability for the trajectory 2030 to 2050 and only some reference to a 5 million tonnes target by 2030 in the Commission’s Sustainable Carbon Cycles Communication.

The publication of the draft Delegated Act highlights the need for a thorough debate on the future of CO2 use from industrial sources. PET-Preform – MMF – EVO-bio-Yarn

Such CO2 use is currently a key component of climate mitigation and decarbonisation initiatives in several energy-intensive sectors. More than ever, we need an open discussion on carbon use from industrial sources, covering both the continued need for carbon as feedstock for industrial production, and the level at which these needs can be met by the different sources of CO2.


It is time for a thorough debate on CO2 utilisation

PET-Preform – MMF – EVO-bio-Yarn

Shrink-film – FDCA – PEF – Tires 25-11-2022

Shrink-film – FDCA – PEF – Tires 25-11-2022

Shrink-film – FDCA – PEF – Tires

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-European recyclers urge tougher scrutiny of EPR Schemes

Recycling companies in Europe are urging national and European policymakers to examine proposals more carefully before creating new Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) Schemes.

Often portrayed as a silver bullet to improve waste management, EPR Schemes have significantly multiplied in recent years as the burden of the polluter-pays principle has shifted to producers. In its latest position paper, European recyclers warn that sufficient assessment of whether a waste stream has a positive or negative value is needed prior to establishing new schemes.

“EPR Schemes can be effective when they involve recyclers or their representatives in their governance bodies, thereby providing an expertise that manufacturers typically lack. They also have an instrumental role in bringing together manufacturers and recyclers through effective eco-modulation of fees that promote recyclability and recycled content,” says Emmanuel Katrakis, Secretary General of EuRIC, the European Recycling Industries’ Confederation. “Good examples exist with respect to end-of-life vehicles (ELVs) and industrial packaging, yet other notable Schemes­ pose a fundamental risk to recycling investments,” he added. Shrink-film – FDCA – PEF – Tires

European recyclers argue that EPR Schemes should only be established where collection and treatment costs are adequately assessed and exceed the economic value of the waste stream. This includes deciding on appropriate governance, an organisational or operational role, and whether alternative policy instruments could be implemented. Recyclers, rather than EPR schemes, should retain ownership of the waste stream to maintain their ability to invest and scale up recycling, otherwise this will further erode the competitiveness of recycled over extracted raw materials.


Shrink-film - FDCA - PEF - Tires

-Scientists demonstrate world’s first continuous-wave lasing of deep-ultraviolet laser diode at room temperature

A research group led by 2014 Nobel laureate Hiroshi Amano at Nagoya University’s Institute of Materials and Systems for Sustainability (IMaSS) in central Japan, in collaboration with Asahi Kasei Corporation, has successfully conducted the world’s first room-temperature continuous-wave lasing of a deep-ultraviolet laser diode (wavelengths down to UV-C region).

These results, published in Applied Physics Letters, represent a step toward the widespread use of a technology with the potential for a wide range of applications, including sterilization and medicine. Shrink-film – FDCA – PEF – Tires

Since they were introduced in the 1960s, and after decades of research and development, successful commercialization of laser diodes (LDs) was finally achieved for a number of applications with wavelengths ranging from infrared to blue-violet. Examples of this technology include optical communications devices with infrared LDs and Blu-ray discs using blue-violet LDs.

However, despite the efforts of research groups around the world, no one could develop deep ultraviolet LDs. A key breakthrough only occurred after 2007 with the emergence of technology to fabricate aluminum nitride (AlN) substrates, an ideal material for growing aluminum gallium nitride (AlGaN) film for UV light-emitting devices.

Starting in 2017, Professor Amano’s research group, in cooperation with Asahi Kasei, the company that provided 2-inch AlN substrates, began developing a deep-ultraviolet LD. At first, sufficient injection of current into the device was too difficult, preventing further development of UV-C laser diodes.

But in 2019, the research group successfully solved this problem using a polarization-induced doping technique. For the first time, they produced a short-wavelength ultraviolet-visible (UV-C) LD that operates with short pulses of current. However, the input power required for these current pulses was 5.2 W. This was too high for continuous-wave lasing because the power would cause the diode to quickly heat up and stop lasing.

But now, researchers from Nagoya University and Asahi Kasei have reshaped the structure of the device itself, reducing the drive power needed for the laser to operate at only 1.1W at room temperature. Earlier devices were found to require high levels of operating power because of the inability of effective current paths due to crystal defects that occur at the laser stripe. But in this study, the researchers found that the strong crystal strain creates these defects.

By clever tailoring of the side walls of the laser stripe, they suppressed the defects, achieving efficient current flow to the active region of the laser diode and reducing the operating power.

Nagoya University’s industry-academic cooperation platform, called the Center for Integrated Research of Future Electronics, Transformative Electronics Facilities (C-TEFs), made possible the development of the new UV laser technology. Under C-TEFs, researchers from partners such as Asahi Kasei share access to state-of-the-art facilities on the Nagoya University campus, providing them with the people and tools needed to build reproducible high-quality devices.

Zhang Ziyi, a representative of the research team, was in his second year at Asahi Kasei when he became involved in the project’s founding. “I wanted to do something new,” he said in an interview. “Back then everyone assumed that the deep ultraviolet laser diode was an impossibility, but Professor Amano told me, ‘We have made it to the blue laser, now is the time for ultraviolet’.”

This research is a milestone in the practical application and development of semiconductor lasers in all wavelength ranges. In the future, UV-C LDs could be applied to healthcare, virus detection, particulate measurement, gas analysis, and high-definition laser processing. Shrink-film – FDCA – PEF – Tires

“Its application to sterilization technology could be groundbreaking,” Zhang said. “Unlike the current LED sterilization methods, which are time-inefficient, lasers can disinfect large areas in a short time and over long distances”. This technology could especially benefit surgeons and nurses who need sterilized operating rooms and tap water.


Shrink-film - FDCA - PEF - Tires

-CCL presents first-ever approved shrink film material for the South African beverage market

After having been successfully introduced into the markets in Europe and the USA, CCL announced that their EcoFloat shrink sleeves have successfully been trialed in South Africa by PET recycling specialist Extrupet and have been approved for the local recycling system. This marks the arrival of the first approved shrink sleeve decoration solution for the PET beverage market in South Africa and is intended help boost recycling rates in the future. Shrink-film – FDCA – PEF – Tires

“In the past shrink sleeves have been made from PVC or PET and have always been viewed as a great way to decorate PET bottles because they stand out on shelves and can easily contain all needed information on the container like nutrition information or recycling codes, but they have been viewed as problematic in recycling – and had to be removed by hand to not contaminate the PET resin”, says Shivern Reddy, Business Development Director of CCL in South Africa.

“But this material is new – as EcoFloat sleeves are made from low density polyolefin material they make the difference in the crucial sink/float recycling step at the PET recyclers. The sleeve material automatically detaches from the bottle and floats; this allows for a clean separation from the heavier PET flakes that sink to the bottom of the washing basin. This easy separation forms the basis of the yield of high-quality PET flakes that can be used in bottle-to-bottle recycling, closing the loop”, explains Marika Knorr, Head of Sustainability and Communication at CCL Label.

South Africa has undergone different legislation changes in the past years. This new legislation makes an “Extended Producer Responsibility” (EPR scheme) mandatory for all producers and importers of packaging. It changes how producers, brand owners, retailers and importers design, make, sell and keep their products in the recycling loop as far as is practicably possible.

“In the recent years we have seen big changes in the market. Brands are increasingly following Design for Recycling guidelines and are re-creating their packaging to meet the latest requirements. Labels can make a huge difference here, they are functional and support recyclability and re-usability”, says Reddy.

CCL and Coca-Cola South Africa entered partnership for proof of concept

Leading up to the trials of the new shrink sleeve material CCL Label and Coca-Cola had entered a partnership to prove the feasibility of substituting the materials used for sleeves in the past with EcoFloat.

CCL Label has been partnering with multinational brands to develop recyclable plastic packaging that allows for PET bottle-to-bottle recycling in a closed loop. They have been endorsed by the European PET Bottle Platform (EPBP) as well as American Plastic Recyclers (APR) in the United States. Shrink-film – FDCA – PEF – Tires


Shrink-film - FDCA - PEF - Tires

-Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) prices journey southward in Asia

PVC prices dropped in the Asian region this week.

An industry source in Asia wishing to remain unidentified informed a Polymerupdate team member, “The price fall was driven by reduced offer levels from overseas suppliers. A fall in VCM feedstock prices also pressured prices lower. A weak buying undertone was observed in the Asian markets with buyers adopting a wait and watch approach to assess the near to medium term market fundamentals.”

The source added, “A drop in PVC futures on the Dalian Commodities Exchange (DCE) in China also proved to be a key contributory factor in exerting a bearish pressure on prices.”

In China, PVC prices were assessed at the USD 715-735/mt CFR levels, a fall of USD (-25/mt) from the previous week. Shrink-film – FDCA – PEF – Tires

In China, a Taiwanese producer has offered its PVC resin suspension grade at the USD 735/mt levels for shipment in December 2022.

In South East Asia, PVC prices were assessed at the USD 730-780/mt CFR levels, a week on week decline of USD (-20/mt).

In Vietnam, overseas suppliers have offered their PVC resin suspension grades in the range of USD 730-780/mt levels for shipment in December 2022.

In India, PVC prices were assessed at the USD 740-770/mt CFR levels, a tumble of USD (-40/mt) from last week.

A domestic industry source informed a Polymerupdate team member, “In India, A Taiwanese producer has offered its PVC resin suspension grades at the USD 740/mt levels on CIF Nhava Sheva/Chennai/Mundra ports basis for shipment in December 2022 (LC at Sight). This offer is sharply lower by USD 90/mt from its previous offer.” Meanwhile, A producer from South Korea offered its PVC resin suspension grade at the USD 740-750/mt levels for shipment in December 2022 (LC at Sight).

In Bangladesh, PVC prices were assessed at the USD 710-740/mt CFR levels, down USD (NC/-30/mt) from the previous week.

In Bangladesh, overseas suppliers have offered their PVC resin suspension grades in the range of USD 710-740/mt levels for shipment in December 2022.

In Sri Lanka, PVC prices were assessed at the USD 800-860/mt CFR levels, a week on week fall of USD (-20/mt). Overseas suppliers have offered their PVC resin suspension grades in the range of USD 800-860/mt levels for shipment in December 2022.

In Pakistan, PVC prices were assessed at the USD 750-800/mt CFR levels, a drop of USD (NC/-20/mt) from the previous week.

In Pakistan, overseas suppliers have offered their PVC resin suspension grades in the range of USD 750-800/mt levels for shipment in December 2022.

Feedstock ethylene prices on Tuesday were assessed at the USD 875-885/mt CFR South East Asia levels while CFR North East Asia ethylene prices were assessed at the USD 875-885/mt levels, both stable from the previous week.

Feedstock EDC prices were assessed at the USD 230-240/mt CFR China levels while CFR South East Asia EDC prices were assessed flat at the USD 255-265/mt levels, both unchanged week on week. CFR China VCM prices were assessed at the USD 555-565/mt levels, a plunge of USD (-70/mt) from last week. CFR South East Asia VCM prices were assessed at the USD 585-595/mt levels, sharply lower from the previous week by USD (-40/mt).

In plant news, Formosa Plastics Corp (FPC) is presently running its Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plants at curtailed capacity levels. Located at Mai Liao and Jen-wu, Taiwan, the plants have a total production capacity of 1.075 million mt/year. Shrink-film – FDCA – PEF – Tires


Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) prices journey southward in Asia

-Apollo Tyres and Tyromer Inc announce Sustainable Material Partnership

Taking forward its commitment to Sustainability, Apollo Tyres has partnered with Tyromer Inc, a leader in non-chemical devulcanisation of end-of-life tyres.

Tyromer Inc, through their Indian associate, Tyromer India LLP, is committed to supplying recycled rubber material, produced using its environmentally sustainable processes, to

Apollo Tyres.

Announcing the partnership with Tyromer, P K Mohamed, Chief Advisor, R&D, Apollo Tyres Ltd, said “This partnership with Tyromer is a step towards achieving our sustainability goals, and it also enables us to honour our Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR). Producing new tyres Shrink-film – FDCA – PEF – Tires

using the sustainable raw materials, is currently, the most efficient path to meet our circular economy goals.”

Apollo Tyres and Tyromer share a deep commitment to sustainability and social responsibility.

This partnership has validated tyre-derived polymer (TDP), produced by Tyromer’s proprietary and patented technology, as the raw material for tyres.

Commenting on the partnership, Dr Sam Visaisouk, CEO, Tyromer Inc, said “We are thankful to the Apollo Tyres’ team for its support of our vision of direct tyre-to-tyre recycling for

achieving a tyre circular economy. In the face of climate crisis, not using rubber derived from end-of-life tyres is no longer an option.”

Tyre-derived polymer (TDP) trivia:

  • Using a tonne of TDP saves GHG emissions equivalent to 4 passenger vehicles driven for a year
  • Producing a tonne of TDP requires less than 2 MWh of energy, compared to over 20 MWh required for new material


Apollo Tyres and Tyromer Inc announce Sustainable Material Partnership

-Commissioning underway at Stora Enso’s Flanders FDCA pilot plant

Convinced that bio-based materials will be standard constituents of future packaging solutions, Stora Enso decided to act. The company announced in December 2019 that it was investing €9m in the construction of a pilot plant for the production of furandicarboxylic acid – FDCA – a building block to produce the biopolyester polyethylene furanoate, commonly known as PEF. Shrink-film – FDCA – PEF – Tires

The company selected the Flanders region in Belgium as the site for the plant, which it sees as a ‘hub’ for bio-based technologies. The location at the Langerbrugge recycled paper mill near Ghent ensures access to skilled workers and critical service providers in the region.

Stora Enso had previously developed a proprietary technology called FuraCore, and was able to move swiftly on the development of the pilot facility to test the technology.

Construction of the plant has since been completed and commissioning is well underway, with initial production of FDCA and PEF scheduled to start soon.

Together with a number of partners, Stora Enso will then work to validate the FuraCore products in a range of applications.

According to VP Emerging Business Dirk den Ouden, the pilot will soon be ‘up and running’,

producing material for testing. “The proof point of years of breakthrough R&D is now around the corner.”

The bigger picture of the piloting effort is to validate the chemical process and provide sample material to gain further insight into market needs and product demands. The pilot facility will initially use industrially available sugar (fructose) to produce high-value chemicals and materials for application testing. In the future, the intention is to run the process on sugars extracted from wood and other non-food-based biomass.

“Nature happens to provide our raw material in a very efficient way via crops. That’s where we’ll start. Implementing FuraCore chemistry at a large scale globally, however, requires us to rethink our raw material sourcing.


Commissioning underway at Stora Enso’s Flanders FDCA pilot plant

-Stabilization Technology Delivers Sustainable HDPE for Blow Molding

Additive package from Baerlocher enhances the inconsistent quality of PCR content, opening up avenues in extrusion blow molding applications.

Plastics additives supplier Baerlocher has collaborated with processor Envision Plastics, machinery OEMs Bekum America and W. Müller, and polyethylene supplier ExxonMobil Chemical to develop new sustainable plastics for the packaging industry. Baerlocher’s innovative Baeropol T-Blends stabilization solutions significantly enhance the recyclability of virgin polyolefin resins and the quality of recycled high-density polyethylene (re-HDPE) resins used in extrusion blow molding (EBM) applications. The blends are equally applicable to post-industrial recycled (PIR) and post-consumer recycled (PCR) content used in polyethylene (PE) film. Baerlocher is involved in numerous commercial projects with leading members of the US Association of Plastic Recyclers (APR), such as Little Rock, AR–based recycler Revolution, as well as companies in the UK and Canada (Cascades Flexible Packaging). Shrink-film – FDCA – PEF – Tires

“Mechanical recycling utilizes only 20% of the energy of chemical recycling and much less water,” says Ed Hall, President and CEO, North America, at Baerlocher. “This means mechanical recycling is the most obvious choice right now, but high-quality PCR is rare.” This is where Baeropol T-Blends stabilization additives come in.

“Brand owners are increasing their use of PCR content in end products in response to growing consumer demand for greater sustainability and [the requirements of] new regulations,” said Andreas Holzner, Global Head of the Special Additives Business Unit at Baerlocher. “Historically, the inconsistent quality of PCR content has limited its use in extrusion blow molding applications. Working with industry leaders, Baerlocher continues to invest in cutting-edge application development that enhances the value of recycled HDPE and expands its use in extrusion blow molding.”

Customizable additives stabilize PCR content in packaging

Baeropol T-Blends are formulated with Baerlocher’s Resin Stabilization Technology (RST), customizable additive blends that act as an antacid and produce a synergistic effect with primary and secondary antioxidants to stabilize polyolefin resins. Baerlocher’s advanced RST packages create value far beyond the use of typical binary antioxidant blends. The technology enables companies to achieve superior stabilization in PCR content used in a variety of packaging applications and meets global calls for greater corporate responsibility and to better support the circular economy.

Baerlocher’s work with leading HDPE plastics recycler Envision Plastics enabled the development of a new grade of HDPE PCR content with improved consistency and processability, and ultimately resulted in high-quality packaging applications. The new re-HDPE grade was tested at Bekum America’s facility using an F-style 10-liter bottle with a handle. Results revealed the re-HDPE 100% PCR content displayed more robust processability and enhanced final bottle specifications versus the control.

New PCR grade available for trials

“We are delighted to work with Baerlocher on additives to enhance recycled content used in a broad base of commercial applications, including those for direct food contact,” said Jean Bina, Director of Sales and Market Development at Envision Plastics. “The new PCR grade is available for trials today and is being tested by world-class consumer packaged goods companies and their blow molders.”

Further experiments at Bekum demonstrated that Baeropol T-Blend has a significant positive impact on the processability and final properties of PCR materials that have varying concentrations of virgin material. Shrink-film – FDCA – PEF – Tires

Baerlocher also worked with W. Müller, a leading German EBM technology provider, to validate new PCR materials formulated with Baeropol T-blends. Results showed that these materials exhibit less variation in die pressure and parison length, while producing bottles with top load performance that matches those made with virgin resin.

Recycle-ready resins developed in collaboration with ExxonMobil

Additionally, Baerlocher’s upstream collaboration with polymer company ExxonMobil Chemical supports the company’s efforts to create virgin polyethylene (PE) resins that are easier to recycle. Baerlocher’s RST solution, along with ExxonMobil Chemical’s modification of the resin architecture, helped to successfully develop these novel recycle-ready resins.

“Baerlocher’s technical expertise supported our development of a new generation of high- performance and recycle-friendly resins,” said Mark Canright, HDPE Principal Engineer, ExxonMobil Chemical.

Stabilization Technology Delivers Sustainable HDPE for Blow Molding

Shrink-film – FDCA – PEF – Tires

Pyrolysis -UV Absorber – Sustainability 24-11-2022

Pyrolysis -UV Absorber – Sustainability 24-11-2022

Pyrolysis -UV Absorber – Sustainability

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Michelin and Pyrowave join forces to industrialize an innovative plastic waste recycling technology

Pyrowave, a pioneer in the electrification of chemical processes and plastics recycling, and Michelin agree to industrialize an innovative plastic waste recycling technology

  • Michelin Group and the Canadian firm Pyrowave join forces to accelerate time-to-market for an innovative plastic waste recycling technology.
  • They agree to fast‑track the process industrialization.
  • The purpose of the technology is to increase the rate of sustainable materials not only in Michelin tires, but also in other industries.

The Canadian firm Pyrowave proudly announces a joint development agreement with the Michelin Group. Through the Pyrowave‑developed technology, it is possible to generate recycled styrene from plastics found in packaging, insulation panels and/or household appliances. This recycled styrene is an important monomer*: it is used in the production of polystyrene and synthetic rubber for tires and a large number of consumer products.

The scientific breakthrough behind Pyrowave technology helps recycle plastics using microwaves. Unlike current thermal processes, this unique technology enables the recycling of plastic waste into high-quality raw materials using electricity – the energy form currently providing the highest decarbonation potential. It also provides higher yields, while being more accurate than conventional technologies, to replace virgin raw materials from oil and gas. Pyrolysis -UV Absorber – Sustainability

The joint development agreement between Pyrowave and Michelin will result in the implementation of new value chains in the circular plastics economy. Redesigning new packaging or manufacturing new products from recycled plastics in the automotive, electronics or tire sectors will become possible.


The two companies will work together in the coming months to fast‑track the industrialization of Pyrowave technology with a view to a certification and commercial roll-out in international markets. The joint development agreement, which will ultimately account for an investment of more than €20 million, will combine Pyrowave’s expertise with Michelin’s industrial know-how.

In order to fast‑track the validation of the technology and the certification of its products, Michelin’s technical teams will work with their Pyrowave’s counterparts to develop an industrial demonstrator, funded and operated by Michelin, by 2023. The technology will meet the highest standards in place within the Group in terms of safety, operation and performance.


After a year of evaluation, Michelin was able to see the process in operation and test samples of recycled styrene in the composition of its tires. This polymer regeneration process is fully in line with Michelin Group’s strategic vision and its product sustainability objectives. Pyrolysis -UV Absorber – Sustainability

This partnership is an ultimate illustration of the Group’s sustainable strategy. The purpose is to manufacture tires made of increasingly sustainable materials and to make these technologies available to innovative recycling channels. We believe in the potential of Pyrowave technology and share their vision for a more sustainable future through innovation

Our partnership marks the beginning of the industrialization phase, drawing on the expertise and technical soundness of the Michelin Group. This strategic partnership reflects the attractiveness and potential of chemical process electrification, both environmentally and commercially, for world-scale players in the chain value. Through this partnership with Michelin, we will be in a position to develop a breakthrough technology with a view to transforming future materials in a sustainable way.

Pyrolysis -UV Absorber - Sustainability

-Enviro receives pyrolysis oil order from Swedish fuel company

Enviro sees “favourable conditions” for large-scale tire recovery plant in UK

End-of-life tire recycler to deliver oil for production trials in first quarter 2023

Stockholm – Scandinavian Enviro Systems has received a SEK2 million (€180,000) order to supply pyrolysis oil from end-of-life tires to Swedish fuel company Preem.

The oil will be delivered in the first quarter 2023 and used by Preem for production tests, said Enviro in a statement 17 Nov.

Preem will use the delivered oil as a raw material to run production tests for different biofuels, according to Enviro.

“A large player in the oil industry in our own home market… provides important support for our expansion in both Sweden and internationally,” said CEO Thomas Soerensson.

This oil will be produced at Enviro’s plant in Åsensbruk where the company recovers oil, carbon black and steel from waste tires.

According to Enviro, Preem is Sweden’s “largest fuel company” and has high environmental ambitions, including the production of 5 million cubic metres of renewable fuel by 2035.

Pyrolysis oil, Enviro went on to say, contains a high percentage of renewable material due to the high amounts of natural rubber found in the vehicle tires.

The new order follows a recent successful trial of the recycler’s pyrolysis oil by a “leading US oil company”.


Pyrolysis -UV Absorber - Sustainability

-Songwon Debuts New UV Absorber, Antioxidant

Higher processing temperatures, better color protection, and a longer service life are among the core attributes of the materials.

Global polymer additives supplier Songwon has expanded its portfolio with two new products, which it featured at K 2022: Songnox 9228 antioxidant and Songsorb 1164 UV absorber. These polymer additives are suitable for packaging, agriculture, and building and construction as well as home and personal care applications.

Because of its hydrolytic stability, Songnox 9228 antioxidant overcomes the challenges faced by traditional high-performance phosphites/phosphonites by allowing more severe polyolefin processing, especially at high temperatures. In addition, it provides color protection for chromium-catalyzed high-density polyethylene (HDPE), polypropylene (PP), and engineering resins. Pyrolysis -UV Absorber – Sustainability

The latest addition to Songwon’s range of UV absorbers is a triazine — Songsorb 1164 — that protects plastics against UV light degradation. Compared to conventional benzotriazole UV absorbers that are falling out of favor in some markets, Songsorb 1164 makes it possible to achieve a longer service life for polyolefins and engineering plastics exposed to outdoor weathering. The product was originally developed for food-contact polyolefins but it has also found use in automotive bumpers.

“Songwon continues to support the industry with innovation by delivering in-house produced antioxidants and UV absorbers to the market. Songnox 9228T (new to Songwon) phosphite secondary antioxidant brings valuable features to our solid phosphite product range, and Songsorb 1164 UV absorber complements our Songsorb 1577 triazine range of UV absorbers,” said Franky Cuypers, Leader Global Sales at Songwon.

“Now we have the broadest range of phosphite AOs in the market,” added Thomas Schmutz. “Previously there was only one supplier, Dover Chemical, so the industry will embrace a second supplier for stability.”

Songwon manufactures a comprehensive range of antioxidants and UV stabilizers in physical product forms.


Pyrolysis -UV Absorber - Sustainability

-SK Innovations opts for Plastic Energy chemical recycling technology at Ulsan site

Plastic Energy, a London headquartered chemical recycling company and SK Innovation’s subsidiary for its green chemicals business, SK Geo Centric (SKGC), are joining forces to build a new chemical recycling plant based on technology developed by Plastic Energy. The new plant will be located at SKGC’s recycling cluster in Ulsan, South Korea and will have a projected annual processing capacity of 66,000 tonnes of plastic waste.

A Heads of Agreement was signed by Na Kyung-soo, CEO of SKGC, and Carlos Monreal, CEO of Plastic Energy, 16 Nov. on behalf of their respective companies, according to a statement released earlier today.

The new plant will be the largest in Asia. The companies say it is expected to open in 2025. Pyrolysis -UV Absorber – Sustainability

The project in Ulsan is not Plastic Energy’s only iron in the fire in Korea. Together with SKGC, it is also considering bringing chemical recycling operations to the Gyeonggi province in Korea, in the metropolitan area of Seoul.

“Korea is an important market for advanced recycling of end-of-life plastics,” said Monreal.

He has already met with Kim Dong-yeon, the governor of the province, to discuss his company’s technology for processing end-of-life plastics and to explore whether this could fit into the Gyeonggi province’s plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2030.

Together, the two plants would have the capacity to process over 100,000 tonnes of waste plastic per year into a feedstock – Tacoil –  that would be used by SKGC, for example, to make new plastics.

Tacoil is obtained through Plastic Energy’s patented TAC process, which heats mixed post-consumer plastic waste in the absence of oxygen. Multilayer plastics can be processed together, with no separation by type or color needed. All are heated in an oxygen-free atmosphere to create hydrocarbon gases, which are then condensed into Tacoil, which can be used by petrochemical companies as a replacement for fossil oils in the production of virgin-quality plastics.

Plastic Energy already operates two advanced recycling plants in Spain; one in Almeria and the other in Seville. The company also has three plants currently under construction in the Netherlands and France, an MoU for a project in Malaysia, and several other projects in Europe and the US. This will be Plastic Energy’s first project in Korea.

SKGC is looking forward to working with Plastic Energy to establish the largest advanced recycling plant in Asia, said Na Kyung-soo. He added that SK Geo Centric will remain committed to ‘expanding our cooperation for achieving the circular economy’.


SK Innovations opts for Plastic Energy chemical recycling technology at Ulsan site

-Milliken offers added value for recycled polypropylene

Milliken & Company, a diversified global manufacturer with more than 70 locations worldwide, will use this fall’s K 2022 trade fair to introduce our latest DeltaFlow™ Viscosity Modifier for recycled polypropylene (rPP), based on latest viscosity-modification chemistry, said the company.

At the K Show in Dusseldorf from October 19-26, we’ll be showing our broad portfolio of plastic additives and colorants, but these new grades of DeltaFlow deserve special attention. All our viscosity modifiers are solid concentrates designed to specifically help polypropylene (PP) recyclers by increasing the melt flow rate of rPP for injection molding processes. This serves to reduce energy use, enhance circularity and advance our goal of creating a healthier future. Pyrolysis -UV Absorber – Sustainability

Our newly developed DeltaFlow grades use the latest viscosity-modification chemistry. The technology also has lower volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and improved organoleptics and could nicely complement the advances being made in recycling machinery, according to Allan Randall, Global Product Line Manager. As communicated earlier this year, as an additional sign of our commitment to the recycling industry, Milliken is further expanding production capacity in our German manufacturing plant by 60 percent.

Recycled polypropylene – encompassing recyclers, compounders, converters, and brand owners – is the key target market for this product. DeltaFlow-optimized resins allow for lower processing temperatures, which can enable converters to significantly reduce processing temperatures, reduce energy use, boost productivity and improve processability.

Brand owners stand to benefit, as well. DeltaFlow enables rPP to feasibly replace virgin resin in many end-use applications. This allows brands to use more rPP in their products, thereby helping them to meet their sustainability goals.

“Demand in the market for recycled content is only increasing,” noted Randall. “These products enhance the properties of rPP and make it more suitable for more applications, thereby helping to close the loop in more end uses. Our goal is to enable more and better utilization of rPP. This product line helps to deliver on that promise.”

Milliken is the only company offering this latest viscosity-modification chemistry in an easy-to-handle, non-dusting, solid concentrate form for the recycling market. “Our initial focus will be on Europe, but we intend to offer these DeltaFlow options globally,” Randall added.

We remind, Milliken, an American polymer additives and coloring company, has launched a new masterbatch plant to increase the clarity of polypropylene (PP) in Blacksburg, South Carolina, USA. The plant will increase the company’s masterbatch capacity by 50% to increase the clarity of Millad NX 8000 polypropylene (PP).

Milliken & Company is a diversified company that has been in business since 1865. The corporate headquarters is located in Spartanburg, South Carolina. The company operates in a wide variety of areas: the chemical industry, flooring, performance and protective textiles, and healthcare. Pyrolysis -UV Absorber – Sustainability


Milliken offers added value for recycled polypropylene

-Polyplastics Signals Sustainability Goals

Cellulosic-fiber compounds high on the agenda for achieving a lightweighting, green footprint.

Global engineering thermoplastics vendor the Polyplastics Group is but one of numerous resin suppliers targeting carbon neutrality by 2050. What will interest converters immediately, however, is a stable of sustainable performance products for applications in a range of industries, from automotive and packaging to medical.

Among options on show at K 2022 in Düsseldorf, Germany, in October was a polyacetal resin polymerized from sustainable methanol. Under the ISCC PLUS mass-balance approach, the sustainable bG-POM option is applicable to a range of Duracon grades, including the Duracon PM line of medical resins.

Another sustainable option is Plastron LFT (long-fiber thermoplastic) resin, which is made of specially formulated regenerated cellulose fibers. The eco-friendly Plastron LFT provides weight reduction plus mechanical strength, enabling manufacturers to reduce their carbon footprint and meet today’s sustainability demands. “This material has a higher fiber content than its glass-fiber-reinforced equivalent, but because the density of cellulose is only 1.3 compared with 2.5 for glass, in the end you achieve close to the strength of glass but at a lighter weight,” said Dr. Gerhard Reuschel, Marketing & Sales Manager, Plastron LFT projects. “The composite density is 1.02 for cellulosics versus 1.12 at 30% filler for glass fiber.” Pyrolysis -UV Absorber – Sustainability

Cellulosic fibers also better maintain their length during processing, so it is easier to add regrind without compromising part quality, according to Polyplastics. “Fiber-length distribution can be critical in complex parts,” noted Reuschel. “Cellulosic fiber is more robust and maintains its length but you do need to ensure sound processing so as not to overheat the fibers, as they will burn.

“We already have multiple active projects underway [for Plastron LFT in general] in Europe,” added Reuschel. “Molding trials have proved very successful for a Plastron LFT long-carbon-fiber polyamide grade in a personal lifestyle application, while a second project involves a long-glass-fiber polyamide applied to agricultural machinery.” Moving forward, Polyplastics plans to aggressively push polyamide LFT grades in automotive applications.

Furthermore, Polyplastics’ Topas cyclic olefin copolymer (COC), a leading material in the packaging and healthcare industries, is also enabling sustainable packaging solutions. Here, Topas COC has raised the performance of commodity polyolefins (polyethylene for example), enabling the development of simpler, more recyclable and sustainable solutions. Mono-material film structures based on PE and enhanced with Topas COC are more easily recyclable than multi-material solutions using layers of PET or other PE-incompatible plastics.

Finally, Polyplastics has developed a grade of polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) that incorporates recycled content.


Polyplastics Signals Sustainability Goals

-Producer prices of industrial products in Germany up 34.5% YoY in Oct

Producer prices of industrial products in Germany increased by 34.5 per cent in October this year compared with the same month last year, according to the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), which recently said the price increase at the producer level slowed down. In August and September, the rate of increase had been 45.8 per cent each.

Producer prices decreased by 4.2 per cent in October this year over September figures. This was the first month-on-month decrease since May 2020.

The main reason for the year-on-year (YoY) increase in producer prices of industrial products still was the development of energy prices. This was due to the large weight of energy prices in the overall index, combined with exceptionally high price changes.

Moreover, prices also rose significantly for non-durable consumer goods, intermediate goods, durable consumer goods and capital goods, one of the reasons being the increasing energy prices, Destatis said in a release. Pyrolysis -UV Absorber – Sustainability

Energy prices were up by an average of 85.6 per cent in October compared with the same month last year. The main factor influencing the year-on-year rate of change in energy prices was the strong price increases for natural gas (distribution), followed by electricity price rises.

Compared with September 2022, energy prices fell by an average 10.4 per cent, which was mainly caused by the decrease of electricity and natural gas prices (distribution).


Producer prices of industrial products in Germany up 34.5% YoY in Oct

Pyrolysis -UV Absorber – Sustainability

Polyester-flakes – HDPE-Resin – MEG 23-11-2022

Polyester-flakes – HDPE-Resin – MEG 23-11-2022

Polyester-flakes – HDPE-Resin – MEG

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-A contractor for the construction of a polyolefin complex in Uzbekistan has been identified

Gas Chemical Complex MTO Central Asia (GCC), the construction operator of the MTO Gas Chemical Complex in Uzbekistan, has identified Enter Engineering Pte Ltd as an EPC contractor (Engineering, procurement and construction) for a project to convert methanol to olefin (MTO). A contract worth about $3 billion. includes the design, procurement of equipment and construction of facilities, as well as the necessary infrastructure. Completion of work is expected in 2025, according to a press release from Enter Engineering.

The innovative complex for the production of polymers will become an anchor resident in the newly created Karakul Free Economic Zone in the Bukhara region. The MTO Gas Chemical Complex (MTO GCC) is wholly owned by Sanoat Energetika Guruhi (SANEG), one of the largest oil and gas companies in Uzbekistan.

The innovative technology of the MTO (Methanol To Olefin) will allow processing 1.3 billion m3 of Uzbekistan-specific natural gas with a low content of valuable components, which will be supplied from fields managed by SANEG. Polyester-flakes – HDPE-Resin – MEG

The enterprise will be able to produce polypropylene (250 thousand tons / g), low-density polyethylene (LDPE, 80 thousand tons / g), ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA, 100 thousand tons / g) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET, 300 thousand tons / year). At the same time, LDPE, EVA and PET will be produced in Uzbekistan for the first time.

“Building a modern gas chemical complex is a complex engineering task – a challenge that Enter Engineering is honored to cope with. For its timely solution, we have mobilized the necessary resources – we allocate our own construction equipment and transport, form teams of specialists, determine logistics routes for the delivery of special equipment. At the time of the peak of construction, more than 10,000 builders will work at the site,” saidUlugbek Usmanov, CEO of Enter Engineering.

Enter Engineering Pte is a leading EPC contractor in Uzbekistan with experience in implementing major industrial and infrastructure projects in Central Asia. Among the implemented are such landmark projects of the company as: Uzbekistan GTL, Kandym Gas Processing Complex, Humo Arena, Samarkand Tourist Center, Ammonia and Urea Production Complex at Navoiazot and others.

The MTO MCC project is an example of global cooperation between local and foreign specialists based on advanced achievements in the oil and gas industry, which is being worked on by John Wood Group (UK), Topsoe (Denmark), Koch Industries Inc. (USA), Chemtex Global Corp. (USA), Scientific Design (USA), Versalis (Italy), Sinopec (China) and Grace Catalysts Technologies (USA). Polyester-flakes – HDPE-Resin – MEG

It is noted that the MTO gas chemical complex will become the largest plant of this type in Central Asia for the production of polymer products, which will meet local demand for raw materials for the production of goods with high added value.

The gas chemical complex of the MTO will provide more than 2,000 direct jobs and more than 10,000 related jobs due to the multiplicative effect. The project will contribute to the development of regional production, social, business, logistics, transport and other infrastructure in Bukhara region and will become a new industrial gas chemical center not only in Uzbekistan, but throughout Central Asia.

A contractor for the construction of a polyolefin complex in Uzbekistan has been identified

-Indorama Ventures’ Deja brand awarded as ‘Best Sustainable Product’

Indorama Ventures Public Company Limited (IVL), a global chemical company, has been named winner of the Best Sustainable Product Award at the Chemical Week Sustainability Awards 2022. The award was for IVL’s Deja Carbon Neutral pellets, the world’s first carbon-neutral virgin PET resins, helping to reduce environmental impact.

The Deja brand covers carbon neutral virgin and recycled PET resins and a range of recycled PET (rPET) products, including flakes, resins, fibres, and yarns. It provides IVL’s global customers with a range of high-performance applications, including packaging, lifestyle, automotive, apparel, and medical equipment. The solutions help environmentally conscious companies meet their sustainability goals. Polyester-flakes – HDPE-Resin – MEG

IVL has set ambitious 2025 and 2030 targets, which shall be met through its six-pronged decarbonisation strategy, including energy transition, improving operational efficiency, circular feedstock, and future technologies. The company also has a goal to recycle 100 billion PET bottles annually by 2030.

Chemical Week Sustainability Awards recognise the industry’s best efforts in addressing financial, operational, and strategic challenges by focusing on ESG and sustainable product development. The awards were assessed by S&P Global, the world’s leading credit rating agency, and a panel of experts from various companies across the chemical industry’s value chain.

Polyester-flakes - HDPE-Resin - MEG

-Improved moisture wicking for sportswear fabrics

Dyeing and finishing specialist CHT has used recycled polyester flakes as the base chemistry for a new hydrophilic finish that improves the moisture wicking of sportswear fabrics and is said to give garments fast-drying properties and improved protection against dirt and oil.

The company says the new formulation is optimal for moisture management and thermoregulation in sports and active wear, socks and technical textiles.

Of the approximately 353 million tons of plastic waste worldwide, around 22 per cent of this waste ends up in the environment, according to figures from the OECD, which just 9 per cent of this plastic being recycled.

As both regulators and companies start to look at discarded plastic more as a starting raw material – rather than just waste – a range of potential end-uses in the chemical sector for post-consumer plastic are being evaluated.

This has led German firm CHT to launch its first textile finish based on post-consumer recycled polyester flakes to make the base chemistry for this new hydrophilic finish.

After the recycled PET flakes arrive at the CHT facility, they go through in-house processing where different hydrophilic additives are added to the recycled polyester base.

These polymers are then subjected to a high temperature reaction in an aqueous solution, before being emulsified into the final, hydrophilic formulation, which has been dubbed ‘Arristan rAir’. Polyester-flakes – HDPE-Resin – MEG

When applied to fabrics via padding, exhaust, spraying the formulation covers the surface of the textile fibre with a microscopic thin film to give it excellent absorbency. This gives fabrics good moisture wicking and fast-drying properties, makes soils easier to remove during laundering and claims to prevent oily stains penetrating deep into the fibres.

The new finish is said to be optimal for both 100 per cent synthetic fabrics and blends with natural fibres.

“Since Arristan rAir is made out of recycled PET flakes, it is suitable for finishing recycled yarns and fabrics enabling varietal purity.” said Robert Zyschka, head of application field finishing from CHT.


Polyester-flakes - HDPE-Resin - MEG

-PPRC Europe 2022: Friendly competition, for now

Mechanical recyclers of plastic are keeping an eye on a chemical recycling sector that says it wants to target hard-to-recycle plastic scrap.

If household consumers and waste management companies can be convinced to increase the collection of plastic scrap, existing and new technologies can be deployed to recycle it. That was the message from panelists during a session on recycled-content polymers at the 2022 Paper & Plastic Recycling Conference Europe, held in mid-November in Rotterdam.

The four panelists included one firm with an advanced or chemical recycling investment underway: United Kingdom-based Greenback Recycling Technologies; another U.K,-based firm called Fiberight Ltd. using a newly developed Hydracycle process; and two mechanical reprocessing firms: Latvia-based PET Baltija and U.K.-based Berry Circular Polymers.

Jeremy (Jez) Blake of Berry Circular joked that his business unit of the wider United States-based Berry Global packaging firm, is the “tree-hugging hippy part of the company, trying to save the planet” from the plastic products made by the wider company. To that effect, Berry Circular will soon be recycling about 50,000 tons per year of discarded plastic films and rigid containers. Polyester-flakes – HDPE-Resin – MEG

Also on the mechanical recycling and reprocessing side is PET Baltija. As the company’s name implies, it seeks out discarded polyethylene terephthalate, handing some 70,000 tons per year “and still growing,” according to the firm’s Philippe De Munter.

De Munter came to PET Baltija recently via its acquisition of the Czech Republic-based Tesil Fibres. While PET Baltija had been focusing on converting collected PET scrap into food-grade rPET, Tesil spins its materials into spooled fibers that can be used to make carpet backing, auto components or absorbent diaper material.

On the chemical recycling side, Samuel Martinez of Greenback said that firm is taking a “distributed” or small-scale approach to sighting chemical recycling capacity. The end products it intends to produce can serve as a feedstock within the “poly chain,” including for food-contact applications, said Martinez.

James Marshall of Fiberight said that firm is installing a larger-scale “Hydracycle” sorting and reprocessing plant in South Wales in the U.K. He said the Fiberight facility will have access to sometimes difficult-to-recycle materials from 85 waste collection jurisdictions in the U.K., with a 10-year contract in place.

He said the firm’s greater challenge may not be supply, but rather securing the best off-take agreements for the recycled-content flakes and pellets it intends to produce. “De-risking the off-take is incredibly difficult” currently said Marshall, in part because of European “waste” export directives that are in the process of changing.

De Munter said price swings are a current challenge, but he does not see Tesil customers in the automotive sector backing away from recycled-content goals. That sector, he said, is “not swinging back to virgin” plastics. In addition to price volatility, he cited narrow auto industry specifications as a Tesil Fibres challenge, commenting the firm does not simply produce black recycled plastic for that market, but “18 different shades of black” for different automakers. Polyester-flakes – HDPE-Resin – MEG

Martinez does not see mechanical and chemical recycling firms as bidding against each other for material. “We are not competing with mechanical recyclers,” he remarked. “I call it a cascade,” said Martinez, with discarded plastic heading to reprocessors of different types depending on where it sits on the quality and purity chain.

Simply recycling more plastic is a primary objective, said panelists, in light of the negative reputation plastic holds in the minds of some Europeans. “We have to be broad-shouldered and just take it; to steel ourselves and be more positive,” Blake said of the criticism. He said producing and collecting “perfectly recyclable plastic” is the best antidote to the criticism.


Polyester-flakes - HDPE-Resin - MEG

-MEGlobal reduced December MEG prices by USD10 per ton

MEGlobal, the world leader in monoethylene glycol (MEG) and diethylene glycol (DG), has nominated December’s MEG contract price for Asia at USD800 per tonne, usd10 per tonne below November levels, the company’s press service said.

The price was named on the terms of delivery of CFR Asia.

The Asian MEG market froze due to price pressures and slowing demand, with buying interest in the market being very low amid a seasonal lull at the end of the year.

Earlierit was reported that MEGlobal, the world leader in the production of monoethylene glycol (MEG) and diethylene glycol (DH), nominated the November contract price of MEG for Asia at USD810 per ton, which is USD10 per ton below the level of October.

According to theSknaPlast review, the estimated consumption of PET in September of this year increased by 32% compared to a year earlier and amounted to 78.81 thousand tons. According to the results of the first nine months of this year, 621.61 thousand tons of PET were processed in Russia, which is 1% more than the same indicator in 2021.

MEG, along with terephthalic acid (TPA), is one of the main raw materials for the production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET). Polyester-flakes – HDPE-Resin – MEG

MEGlobal reduced December MEG prices by USD10 per ton

-Avient’s NIR Dark Colorants Preferred by Recycling Association for HDPE Resin

The sortable dark colorants meet the Association of Plastics Recyclers’ preferred guidance program.

A line of near-infrared (NIR) sortable dark colorants from Avient Corp. was recently recognized by the Association of Plastics Recyclers (APR) under its Meets Preferred Guidance (MPG) program. Consequently, OnColor NIR Sortable Colorants are preferred for high-density polyethylene (HDPE) resin in black and dark colors, according to the APR Design Guide for Plastics Recyclability. In addition, testing is underway to support an application for MPG recognition for the same colorants for polypropylene resin (PP).

Dark packaging, traditionally using colorants containing carbon black, is a popular choice for brand owners, said Avient, noting that detecting and sorting dark packaging in material recovery facilities is challenging. OnColor NIR Sortable Colorants from Avient allow packaging to be visible to a NIR optical sorter, enabling it to sort into the correct plastic stream. Polyester-flakes – HDPE-Resin – MEG

“As a leader in sustainable colorant and additive solutions for polymers, we are proud to have received this recognition from the Association of Plastics Recyclers and look forward to further supporting our customers to reach their recycling goals,” said Avient’s Mayendran Pillay, Director of Marketing for Color & Additives, US and Canada. “Avient is committed to enabling 100% of our products manufactured for packaging applications to be recyclable, reusable, or compostable by 2030. This solution aligns with that commitment.”

APR’s MPG program helps brand owners be more confident that the materials they incorporate into their products support recyclability.


Avient’s NIR Dark Colorants Preferred by Recycling Association for HDPE Resin

-Saurer’s premier solutions for spinning and twisting machines

Saurer, the premier solution provider for spinning and twisting machines, will be present at the INDIA ITME 2022 from 8 – 13 December in New Delhi in booth 10C7E12. The highlight will be our air-jet spinning machine Autoairo, to be exhibited for the first time in India. Saurer’s spinning and twisting machines are renowned for their energy saving features, automation, and digitalisation solutions. Saurer machines enable the circular economy in textiles and are the leaders in processing recycled textile materials.

With the Autoairo, Saurer is the only supplier offering five different spinning systems from one company: ring, compact, worsted, rotor, and air spinning systems. Exhibits to be presented at the booth are: the new Autoairo air-spinning machine, the Autospeed roving frame, the Autocoro and BD rotor spinning units, the FusionTwister for two-for-one twisting, as well as exhibits of Texparts and Fibrevision quality monitoring.

Excellent sliver quality with Saurer’s blow room and carding machines

The right combination of Saurer’s blow room and carding machinery ensures excellent fibre utilisation and sliver quality, thus increasing the efficiency of the spinning process and improving the quality of yarn. The new Autocard was developed to create further value in the fibre preparation chain. Polyester-flakes – HDPE-Resin – MEG

Autoairo – the new air spinning technology

The Autoairo sets new benchmarks for air spinning. Saurer has combined its most advanced automation solutions with proven technology to create an air-spinning machine with unique properties. The Autoairo features autonomous spinning positions with automation per spinning unit for more productivity and integrated intelligence. The exhibited Autoairo will remain in India to conduct customer trials. Belairo, the new air-spun yarn impresses with low hairiness and high pilling resistance.

Saurer – the market leader in rotor spinning

The Autocoro is the market and technology leader which revolutionised automatic rotor-spinning technology and opened the door to more productivity, flexibility, and sustainability for customers worldwide. In just 10 years, Saurer installed 1 million Autocoro spinning positions with individual drive technology and energy saving features. The BD 7 semi-automated rotor spinning machine is powered by the technologies of Autocoro. With the patented digital piecing technology, DigiPiecing, and take-up speeds of up to 230 m/min, the BD 7 remarkably improves yarn quality and productivity for spinning mills.

The benchmark for intelligent roving and ring spinning

The use of the Autospeed roving frame with automatic doffer ensures that spinning mills do not have to rely on skilled workers, and simultaneously increases the quality of the roving. The Autospeed roving frame with up to 240 spindles saves up to 20% of energy compared with the previous model, while doffing takes less than 2 minutes. Also in action at the ITME exhibition, customers can see the Autospeed in combination with the bobbin transport system and Roweclean, the automatic tube cleaner.

The ZR 72XL and ZI 72XL are two highly productive ring and compact-spinning machines. They set the global benchmarks for intelligent spinning, low energy consumption, user friendliness, and flexible automation solutions. Polyester-flakes – HDPE-Resin – MEG

Texparts components for boosted ring spinning productivity

Saurer’s Texparts product line offers high quality components for the textile industry including drafting systems and spindles, spinning rings, and travellers. The new double elastic spindle, Eshape, has a reduced wharf diameter and is based on CS 1 S. Outstanding running properties up to 30 000 rpm and about 6% energy savings are the key performance factors. Eshape, combined with the best system for spinning without underwinding, Spinnfinity, is the perfect fit for automated and efficient ring spinning.

The FusionTwister – two-for-one twisting at highest speeds

At the ITME exhibition, Saurer will also show the two-for-one twisting machine FusionTwister, which offers high efficiency combined with the excellent quality of the cross-wound delivery packages produced. Up to 15% of energy can be saved with the FusionTwister while increasing the winding speed by 10%: This remarkable result was reported by an Indian customer. Consistent high yarn and package quality is a result of our robust machine construction and optimised yarn guiding elements, which consist of yarn-friendly ceramics or have plasma-coated surfaces for low friction and longevity.

Rolling the tire market up – CableCorder CC5 for direct cabling

Saurer’s twisting machines are as flexible as the market demands. The direct cabling machine, CableCorder CC5, for tire cord and industrial yarns, features a new spindle gauge 400 with up to 200 spindles, making it a true space saver. Its Cord Regulator technology ensures equal lengths of the individual yarns and thus high cord quality. Thanks to the balloon reduction technology developed by Saurer, the same, smallest possible balloon diameter can be set on every spindle – regardless of the titre. Energy consumption is thus kept to a minimum on the CC5. Polyester-flakes – HDPE-Resin – MEG

Saurer Fibrevision for quality monitoring of filament yarns

For all synthetic continuous filament yarns, Saurer Fibrevision’s online quality monitoring devices are well established in the market. Fibrevision products serve all areas of the industry: Fraytec FV2™ / Unitens ™ / FibreTQS™ are multi-parameter quality monitoring systems that can be used in filament spinning (POY, FDY, BCF, T+I), draw texturing (DTY) as well as in cabling, twisting, and elastomer production. Single and multi-threadline sensors assure customers of the quality of their production.

Saurer machines enable the circular economy in textiles

Saurer enables spinning mills to process a wide range of recycled and regenerated fibres in their production. The Saurer rotor spinning machines are leaders in the processing of recycled fibres.

The Saurer textile technology laboratory continuously assists customers in optimising their yarn production and yarn quality, especially for recycled fibres.

Saurer’s premier solutions for spinning and twisting machines

-Major PVC producer in Northeast Asia reduced December prices for supplies to China

A major Northeast Asian manufacturer has lowered its bid for Its December shipments of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) to China,ICIS reported.

Price offers for December PVC shipments are USD735 per tonne, CFR (cost and freight) China. Polyester-flakes – HDPE-Resin – MEG

On fob (free-board) terms for Northeast Asia, price offers are USD690 per tonne for Southeast Asia and remote regions.

The volume discount of USD10 per tonne applies to cargo volumes over 500 tonnes.

Earlierit was reported that LG Chem, a major South Korean manufacturer of petrochemical products, closed the production of PVC in Yeosu (Yeosu, South Korea) for scheduled repairs. This production with a capacity of 610 thousand tons of PVC per year was closed from November 8 and will stand until November 22 for maintenance.

According tothe ICIS-MRC Price Review, in October the final production of unmixed PVC in Russia decreased to 46 thousand tons against 75 thousand tons a month earlier. According to the results of ten months, the total volume of PVC production exceeded 759 thousand tons, which is 9% lower than a year earlier.

Major PVC producer in Northeast Asia reduced December prices for supplies to China

Polyester-flakes – HDPE-Resin – MEG

PET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV 22-11-2022

PET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV 22-11-2022

PET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Resilux Group acquired 70% shares of Greentech Ltd

The Resilux Group – through its recycling division Poly Recycling Switzerland – has acquired 70% shares of the Serbian PET recycling company Greentech Ltd, said the company.

It gives Resilux significant additional recycling capacity as well as enhanced post-consumer bottle collection and sorting capability.

Since its foundation in 2005, Greentech has been a pioneer and leading PET packaging recycling company in the country. Its recycling facility, located in Mladenovo, Serbia, processes up to 10,000 tons of waste PET packaging per year to produce hot washed PET flakes. In addition to the recycling facility, Poly Recycling has also acquired 70 percent shares in Greentech’s collection and sorting facility in Skopje, North Macedonia. This facility is capable of sorting used PET products by color and type before they are passed on for recycling at Mladenovo. PET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV

The acquisition means Resilux has secured a local supply of A-grade PET flakes to serve its existing preform and bottling plant Resilux Adriatic in Lajkovac, Serbia.

According to Resilux COO Marcel van de Sande: “The acquisition expands our operations in the Adriatic region by securing a local supply of used PET. And it continues our ongoing expansion plans for recycling activities by the Resilux Group as we establish a more sustainable and truly circular economy for PET.”

Mihail Mateski remains as General Manager and 30% nt shareholder in Greentech Serbia and North Macedonia. He states: “By becoming members of Resilux group we have secured transfer of know-how and technology for top quality recycled PET bottles for food contact. Combined with Greentech’s expertise of over 20 years in PET collection and recycling, it is the perfect match to provide full circularity of the PET bottles and further development of our recycling operations in the whole West Balkan/Adriatic region.“

We remind, Resilux, a leading PET bottle and preform producer, has announced a major new technology investment which will result in them doubling their bottle-to-bottle PET recycling capacity. Using state of the art equipment from Erema, it is Resilux’s latest step in their drive to create a truly circular economy in PET.

PET-flakes - European-chemicals - EV

-Chandra Asri and Borouge Explore Circular Economy-Based Polyolefin Waste Business Potential

Chandra Asri announced their collaboration with Borouge, a petrochemical company from the United Arab Emirates, at the B20 (Business 20) event in Nusa Dua, Bali, Monday (14/11/2022). The commitment agreed by both of petrochemical companies were based on a joint circular economy initiative which cover the management of polyolefin waste and recycling facilities to produce new products; as well as opportunities in co-marketing and market development initiatives, including developing non-metallic applications in certain market segments in oil and gas amalgamation, automotive, construction, and else, to promote the use of polyolefins. PET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV

The announcement of the commitment was attended by President of the Republic of Indonesia Joko Widodo, President of the United Arab Emirates Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Coordinating Minister for Maritime Affairs and Investment Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan, Minister of Foreign Affairs Retno LP Marsudi, Minister of Environment and Forestry Siti Nurbaya Bakar, Minister of Public Works and Public Housing Basuki Hadimuljono and Minister of Industry Airlangga Hartarto and CEO of Masdar Mohammed Jameel Al Ramahi.


Chandra Asri and Borouge Explore Circular Economy-Based Polyolefin Waste Business Potential

-Why European chemicals can emerge from this crisis as a winner

Aromatics, China, Environment, Europe, European economy, European petrochemicals, Fibre Intermediates, India, Indonesia, Innnovation, Malaysia, Methanol & Derivatives, Middle East, Naphtha & other feedstocks, Oil & Gas, Olefins, Philippines, Polyolefins, Singapore, South Korea, Styrenics, Sustainability, Taiwan, Technology, Thailand, US

IT REALLY ISN’T doom and gloom if you take the longer-term view. Instead, for the chemical companies with the right strategies, the opportunities to build new sustainable business models are huge. The winners will make an awful lot of money while also doing the right things for humanity and our natural environment.

The cynics, or perhaps more generously the sceptics, argue that this is just another downcycle and that like previous downcycles, everything will return to the Old Normal.

China will resume its journey to being a middle-class country by Western standards as it consumes enormous volumes of new things made from chemicals and polymers, they say. Even if percentage growth is lower in China as the country’s economy evolves, this will still deliver many millions of tonnes of extra demand because of the high base effect, they contend. PET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV

Meanwhile, record-high levels of inflation in the rest of the world will soon decline to much more manageable levels, they add.

Maybe. I am still not convinced that the best remedy for high prices isn’t high prices, especially for crude oil. Some of the supply-chain related inflation, the result of strong demand for durable goods during the pandemic, is easing. Container freight rates, for instance, keep falling.

But will geopolitics really return to the 1989-2017 comfort zone? Will the US and China reach a pragmatic accommodation because it is impossible to dis-assemble incredibly complex global supply chains? I don’t think so.

As  last week’s G20 statement indicated, there are areas of cooperation that are in the interests of both Superpowers such as climate change. But the geopolitically driven desire for supply chain security in the West, given added momentum by the Russian invasion of Ukraine, will I think lead to the dis-assembly of global supply chains.

US and China economies may separate

Breaking up global supply chains will also satisfy the “local jobs for local people” push. Renewable energy is local as is plastics recycling – and both are obviously sustainable.

This doesn’t mean that the worst outcome is going to happen. It is just that we might end up with two trading and geopolitical zones, one led by the US and the other by China that could coexist but with limited economic interdependence.

I will never write off the capacity of China’s government to build a highly successful new growth model. Beijing has done this before with spectacular success so why not again? It is just that I see a successful new growth model being entirely different from the existing model. PET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV

Real estate, worth 29% of the country’s GDP, can no longer be as bigger a driver of growth because of excessive debts and economic inequality created by the property bubble. The Common Prosperity reforms aim to reduce inequality. The ICIS data show that real estate has been the main driver of the gargantuan Chinese chemicals demand boom since 2009.

China is no longer interested in “growth for growth’s sake”. It wants a more environmentally sustainable growth model that is less commodity intensive.

This means that China’s chemicals demand growth is, I believe, going to be substantially lower than conventional thinking suggests. Because China is so important to global markets, this will create a giant-sized hole in standard global growth forecasts over the next 10-20 years.

Or China  may fail to escape its middle-income trap. The result would be the same – much lower growth than is commonly anticipated. Of the 19 countries that have escaped middle-income traps since the Second World War Two,  only two had shrinking working-age populations. China’s  working-age population started to decline in 2015.

What also makes this chemicals downturn different from all the others is that it is being partly driven by China’s rising chemicals self-sufficiency.

The list of products where China has moved from being a major importer to being entirely or almost entirely self-sufficient is growing longer. Polyester fibres and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) film and bottle grade started the trend. Then came purified terephthalic acid (PTA). Styrene imports are close to disappearing and by as soon as next year, China could become a polypropylene (PP) net exporter.

Climate change: The economic and social costs

This trend won’t reverse once the downturn is over because increased self-sufficiency is a cornerstone of government policy. The big China export markets will continue to diminish, which is bad news for all the overseas cracker and derivatives plants built on the opposite assumption.

The cynics or sceptics of the end of the Old Normal argue that humankind is incredibly adaptive, giving us permission to carry on burning fossil fuels with abandon.

Humans are incredibly adaptive, but adaptation can only happen if we are prepared to pay the economic and a political cost. There is a risk that the developing world not including China, as China is no longer a typical developing country, won’t get the investment needed to adequately compensate for climate change. PET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV

An important 2020 McKinsey study,  Climate risk and response: Physical hazards and socioeconomic impacts, highlighted the threats to crop yields and water and energy supply from climate change – along with the potential costs of increased flooding and droughts.

“The poorest communities and populations within each of our cases typically are the most vulnerable. Climate risk creates spatial inequality, as it may simultaneously benefit some regions while hurting others,” wrote McKinsey.

“While companies and communities have been adapting to reduce climate risk, the pace and scale of adaptation are likely to need to significantly increase to manage rising levels of physical climate risk. Adaptation is likely to entail rising costs and tough choices that may include whether to invest in hardening or relocate people and assets,” the consultancy added.

Climate change isn’t going to go away when this downturn is over. Around one-third of chemicals demand is derived from the developing world, with a large proportion of incremental growth forecast to be generated by the region over the next 10-20 years. As with China, growth in the developing world may be lower than is widely expected, creating another hole in global growth forecasts.

How will consumers in general behave when this downturn is over? Will they “shop until they drop” once inflation declines or are attitudes towards discretionary spending changing?

I am sure there will be a big surge in spending in China when the zero-COVID regulations are lifted because of a big rise in savings rates. We might see the same elsewhere when inflation is no longer keeping the shops empty.

But attitudes among young people have changed. Experiences are becoming more valued than things. Experiences require fewer physical things than before because of lives lived online.

A major brand owner says that knowledge of climate change and plastic waste has spread globally among young middle class people via smartphones. Fast fashion is becoming increasingly unpopular. The rise of plastics recycling and re-use and redesign in the West is largely the result of consumers putting pressure on regulators and brand owners.

A great opportunity for the European chemicals industry

The European chemicals industry has had a bad rap for a long time because of what are said to be poor economies of scale and hydrocarbon feedstock-cost disadvantages.

I have argued for a long time that these oversimplifications. Old crackers have become virtually new crackers through additions of new furnaces and mixed-feed technologies have further supported cost-per-tonne economics. These technologies make use of low value refinery products from the bottom of distillation columns.

This ability to innovate is now being focused on innovation in carbon mitigation through, for instance, the  BASF, Linde and SABIC work on developing electric furnaces that are said to reduce carbon emissions versus standard crackers by 80%.

Shell no longer talks about refining, but instead refers to energy as it adapts to the electrification of transport. In July this year, Shell took a final investment decision to build Europe’s largest renewable hydrogen plant in Rotterdam. The plant will produce up to 60,000kgs of renewable hydrogen per day when it comes onstream in 2025.

“INEOS’ most significant investment, the Project One ethane cracker in Antwerp, Belgium is planned to start manufacturing in 2027,” wrote my colleague, Nigel Davis,in this 7 October ICIS Insight articlePET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV

“The cracker will have a 50% lower carbon footprint compared with the next best cracker in Europe and be 60% more carbon efficient than the average,’ he added.

“That efficiency is based on modern ethane to ethylene technology and designing with the expectation of the need to transition to net zero. A credible transition to net zero would involve the use of hydrogen as supply develops and of carbon capture,” he said.

It is important to stress that the chemicals companies listed above have global sustainability strategies. But my message here is about Europe and why its recovery from the downturn can be very strong if it focuses on sustainability:

  • The EU is firmly committed to reducing carbon through its carbon trading system. A carbon border adjustment mechanism may eventually apply to chemicals and polymer imports. And, of course, oil, gas and chemicals producers face pressure globally from investors to decarbonise.
  • Europe’s plastic recycling industry is growing rapidly, again because of EU regulations – along with commitments from brand owners who are reacting to public pressure. “Brussels is expected to boost the demand for recycled plastic by broadening recycled content targets from plastic bottles to all plastic packaging,” wrote  EURACTIV in this 3 November 2022 article. The EU27 is likely to set a mandatory 55% recycled content target for single use packaging by 2030.

The European chemicals industry can occupy a position far to the right of a  new global green cost curve that I see emerging over the next 5-10 years.


PET-flakes - European-chemicals - EV

-Lukoil urged to keep Sicilian refinery running as talks drag on

Italy is urging Lukoil to keep supporting its refinery in Sicily until the government brokers a sale, two sources close to the matter told Reuters on Thursday, as looming European Union sanctions against Moscow threaten the plant’s survival, said Reuters.

A European embargo on seaborne Russian oil comes into effect on Dec. 5 and the Italian government pledged to rescue the ISAB plant, which accounts for a fifth of Italy’s refining capacity and employs about 1,000 workers. PET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV

The plant has had to rely solely on Russian oil provided by Lukoil after its creditor banks halted financing and stopped providing guarantees needed to buy oil from alternative suppliers.

As talks to sell the plant to a non-Russian buyer drag on, sources have said Rome is pushing on Lukoil’s Litasco, which owns the refinery, to provide oil and financing beyond the December deadline.

Reuters reported last month that Litasco had moved part of it operations to Dubai in an effort to elude sanctions that will soon prevent European and Swiss entities from buying Russian seaborne crude oil.

A third source said the ISAB refinery is not planning to halt operations on Dec. 5, though time is running out. The plant refines about 1 million tonnes of crude a month and would not be able to carry on for long without fresh oil supplies.

State-backed financing to support the refinery is still an option being discussed, but banks remain reluctant to deal with a Russian entity, one of the sources said, despite Lukoil and Litasco not being subject to European sanctions.

A meeting involving refinery and government representatives will take place in Rome on Friday, with unions warning a shutdown of the plant would have devastating effects on one of Italy’s most depressed regions.

“We will ensure that the plant remains operational,” Industry Minister Adolfo Urso said on Thursday without detailing the government’s plans. Litasco this month rejected a preliminary bid from U.S. fund Crossbridge. PET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV

Urso said the government would be ready to use its special powers to block a foreign takeover of the refinery to protect national interests.

We remind, Lukoil finished construction of a Petroleum Residue Recycling Facility with production capacity of 2.1 million tonnes per year at its LUKOIL-Nizhegorodnefteorgsintez LLC refinery. The facility is comprised of a delayed coking unit, diesel fuel and gasoline hydrotreatment unit, fractioning column, hydrogen and sulphur production unit, as well as infrastructure facilities.


PET-flakes - European-chemicals - EV

-How Plastics Are Driving EV Proliferation

From charging infrastructure and battery performance to automotive safety, plastic-based solutions are accelerating EV adoption.

The European Union is the global frontrunner in the adoption of electric vehicles (EVs): Member countries are responsible for more than a quarter of the world’s EV production, and EVs represented roughly 20% of its new-car sales in 2021.

Yet a larger uptake of EVs will require a major build-out of Europe’s EV-charging infrastructure. In 2021, the continent had an estimated 375,000 charging stations.

But a recent analysis by McKinsey, conducted for a report from the European Automobile Manufacturers Association (ACEA), suggests that — in even the most conservative scenario — the EU-27 will need at least 3.4 million operational public charging points by 2030.

Wireless EV charging a reality with engineering plastics

Wireless charging technology is one piece of the puzzle that may enable faster rollout of EV charging infrastructure. Wired and wireless are actually complementary, according to Richard Cheung, Global Strategic Marketing Manager, Transportation & Advanced Polymers, at DuPont (now Celanese).PET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV

“Wireless makes sense where there is limited space, as the charging transmitter is embedded in the ground and the vehicle pad [receiver] is mounted on the underside of the vehicle. As it operates via induction, it is safer,” he says. “It may even enable charging on the fly in autonomous vehicles traveling at 20 to 30 km/hour over charging transmitters embedded in the road.”

Another key advantage of wireless is that it removes the need for compatible plugs. DuPont has developed various polyamide materials for the EV sector, including a 30% glass-filled polyphthalamide (PPA) material designated as HTNFR53G30NH that resists damage from stone impact and realizes surface aesthetics that enable the elimination of paint.

Battery systems and, indeed, EVs as a whole are also a fertile area of development for thermoplastic vulcanizates (TPVs), according to Ivo Oerlemans, Global P&L for Santoprene at Celanese, which acquired the business from ExxonMobil Chemical in 2021. “With the lower temperature requirements of EV coolant systems, TPV hoses and tubes are a credible alternative to polyamides and elastomers such as EPDM. We also see opportunities in EV charging infrastructure, such as cables and sealants for outdoor charging systems.” For internal battery systems, stiff and semi-stiff Santoprene grades of 73 Shore A to 50 Shore D are recommended, while external battery system flexible hoses typically use Santoprene TPV grades that range from 64 Shore A to 80 Shore A.

Taking the heat in thermal management

Without fast-charging batteries boasting high energy density, however, potential purchasers of EVs may be put off by range anxiety. Plastic solutions, once again, are charging to the rescue.PET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV

One example of performance-boosting in batteries is highly filled, thermoconductive Makrolon TC polycarbonate materials from Covestro, which are being used by low-pressure injection molding machine supplier X2F to over-mold heat sinks onto lithium-ion batteries. “Our controlled viscosity [injection] process pressure is 70 to 90% lower than conventional injection molding, so we can over-mold sensitive electronic components that wouldn’t survive much higher pressures,” says X2F CEO Mike Slowik. “And replacing aluminum heat sinks also leads to significant weight and cost savings.”

Covestro’s online heat-sink screener smooths the transition from aluminum to polymer.

Covestro has also developed an online heat sink screener portal to assist engineers in making the switch from aluminum to plastics by entering design parameters such as thermal conductivity, input power level, and number of fins for an LED heat sink, also molded using X2F technology. “This screener has proved to be a valuable engagement tool and very helpful to get traction with initial customers,” says Paul Platte, Senior Marketing Manager, Mobility Automotive, at Covestro.

Safety first for fires

While statistics point to a lower likelihood of fires occurring in EVs versus internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles, the spectacular nature of thermal runaway events has highlighted the importance of flame retardance for polymers employed in batteries, as well as the criticality of coloring electrical components in a high-voltage orange color. Non-halogenated flame-retardant grades are at the forefront of achieving these objectives with base resins of polyamide and PBT. “We developed these materials to help designers achieve safety — flame retardance, electrical performance, and, when applicable, also stable high-voltage color — without compromising performance,” said Giacomo Parisi, Global Marketing Director for Automotive Electrification, Mobility & Materials at DuPont. In addition, grades deliver the high chemical resistance needed to stand up to brand-new oils and fluids now being used for e-mobility applications.

The color orange

The color orange is mandatory as a safety feature for high-voltage components. This color is increasingly being used to mark live cables in electric and hybrid vehicles as well as components for high-voltage applications. The signal color is intended to alert mechanics and emergency services to the potential danger of electric shock.

To permanently color plastics with the standard RAL 2003 shade of orange, Lanxess has developed a soluble organic dye, shown in the feature image at the top of this article, which is highly heat-stable, light fast, and weather resistant, and further offers outstanding color strength and brilliance.PET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV

Unlike most conventional colorants, halogen-free Macrolex Orange HT is perfect not only for use in polyamide, but also for other common plastic types such as polycarbonate or polyphenylene sulfide. Because of their high processing temperatures, these materials typically pose a challenge for standard colorants.

Milliken is also getting in on the safety act with its Resist XTR series of colorants delivering high chromatic orange color at low loading. Compounders can formulate the desired RAL 2003 shade using Resist XTR Orange 9798 with multiple high-performance polymers, including polyamide 6, polyamide 66, polyamide 46, polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), polyphthalamide (PPA), and polysulfone (PSU), among others to meet RAL 2003 requirements for multiple polymers and applications. This latest grade meets the color and performance requirements of both short- and long-term thermal stability tests such as 1,000 hours at 120°C.


How Plastics Are Driving EV Proliferation

-Shell´s new 1.6-million-tonnes-year polyethylene plant starts operations

Shell´s new 1.6-million-tonnes polyethylene plant starts operations

Shell Chemical Appalachia, a Shell subsidiary, said on Nov. 15 that “it has commenced operations” of its plastic resin project in Pennsylvania with 1.6-million-tonnes-per-year of polyethylene capacity and with full running rates on schedule for the second half of 2023.

“Building this world-class facility is a fantastic achievement and one the team can be proud of. it’s a showcase of Shell’s project delivery expertise,” said Huibert Vigeveno, Shell Downstream Director. The plant is within a 30-mile driving distance from Pittsburgh.

The plant is the first large scale plastic resin project in the Northeast based on ethane from shale deposits in that region, plentiful thanks to the nearby Utica and Marcellus basins.

Shell has said that its location, within a 700-mile radius of 70% of the U.S. polyethylene market, may provide a geographic market advantage. Currently most resin production, based in the U.S. Gulf Coast, is shipped by rail north to serve plastic converters in that region. PET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV

No information on costs

Shell started construction in April 2017 of the complex where ethane is turned into ethylene and then polymerized into the polyethylene plastic resin commonly seen shaped as supermarket bags or shampoo containers.

The statement said that the plant “is the first major polyethylene manufacturing complex in the Northeastern United States.”

The statement did not provide information as to the final construction cost.

Around 2019, some sources had estimated it could be anywhere from $6 billion to nearly $10 billion, when considering all related pipeline work.

While it is true that in recent decades most new large plastic resin manufacturing capacity in the U.S. has been built in the U.S. Gulf Coast, the world´s petrochemical industry originated in the Northeast.

The world’s first petrochemical operation was established in 1920 in Clendenin, West Virginia and one of its products was precisely polyethylene. The Union Carbide plant production included ethylene, oxide-glycol, alcohols, and olefins.

Another project in the region that has been considered for several years is owned by Thailand´s PTTGC and located in Ohio. An FID on that project is still possible.

The eastern Ohio project is similar in that it plans to tap plentiful shale resources in that region of the country to produce polyethylene. PET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV

The PTTGC plant would be located on the border with Pennsylvania, up the Ohio river from Beaver County, Pennsylvania, where the Shell plant is located.

Some market sources had speculated that the completion of work by Shell could free up a workforce already experienced in building a cracker and a polymerization plant, potentially for PTTGC´s project as well.

Shell completed the construction in early Aug. 2022.


Shell´s new 1.6-million-tonnes-year polyethylene plant starts operations

-PET flakes market under pressure amid weak recycled chemical fibers

In Nov, recycled chemical fiber market sales have been constantly thin and prices generally move downward or discussing space expands.

For close virgin PSF, some producers adjusted lower the offers by 100-200yuan/mt with lower virgin PSF market, and some producers maintained. The sales were under negotiation overall. Producers reflected that sales slowed down, and inventory accumulated. In Hebei, some plants cut production or suspended operation impacted by the epidemic. PET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV

HC virgin PSF prices lowered successively since Nov, weighing on HC re-PSF market. HC re-PSF trading prices were flexible, and could be lower for big deals. Plants focused on selling. In Zhejiang, prices were dampened with fierce competition, even lower than the neighboring cities’. End-user orders lacked, and downstream buyers and traders mostly stood on the sidelines, and purchased for pressing demand.

Recycled PFY, especially high-end and eco-friendly re-PFY, has seen prices lower continually in the second half of the year. Moreover, market demand was soft and operating rate was low. It was heard that some plants only ran at around 20-30%.

Under the continual outbreaks of epidemic in many regions, especially in some key textile markets, the transportation and downstream plant production was impacted, further impacting the sales of recycled chemical fiber sales. Meanwhile, the consumption of soft drinks and mineral water reduced, especially in some tourism cities, recycling volumes of rough bottles decreased. Some regions were under continual COVID control measures, making further reduction of rough bottles and rough bottle bales. Moreover, entering winter season, temperature has dropped quickly and bottles continued to reduce.

In early Nov, bottle bales in Fujian and Suzhou moved up, and PET flakes prices were flat. But affected by lower recycled chemical fiber prices and weak demand, prices in Anhui and North Jiangsu lowered by 200-300yuan/mt, and hot washed blue and white flake prices in Zhejiang reduced by 50-100yuan/mt. The supply and demand sides of PET flakes were at a deadlock somewhat. PET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV

For late market, with on-going epidemic, market demand keeps weak. Virgin polyester product prices are still likely to weaken. Recycled chemical fiber inventory keeps accumulating. Though PET flake supply is tight, buying enthusiasm is hard to improve in short. PET flakes prices are under pressure.


PET flakes market under pressure amid weak recycled chemical fibers

-Plastics in landfill may be worth millions — if we switch to a circular economy

With the collapse of REDcycle, Australia’s largest plastic bag recycling program, concerns have emerged on how to prevent plastics ending up in landfill.

Subsequently, Environment minister Tanya Plibersek announced their ambitious target to recycle or reuse 100 per cent of plastic waste by 2040. However, so many of our current recycling systems have been inefficient, and with such ambitious targets in place – government adopts a systems-level approach in tackling this – and the circular economy model might just allow us to make our waste our own treasure.

The latest report on Australia’s Plastic consumption and recycling stated that a total of 3.4 million tonnes of plastic were consumed by Australia, but less than 10 per cent of it was recycled. PET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV

Whilst the convenience and versatility of plastics are great, its accumulation in our landfills not only poses a significant threat to our climate, but raises major human health concerns. Notably, there is documented evidence of carcinogenic, developmental and endocrine-disrupting impacts due to the ingestion and inhalation of chemicals in plastics.

However, a damning report led by Centre of Environment International Law stated that our unsustainable rates of plastic use is a global health crisis due to its distinct risks to human health at every stage of its lifecycle. This highlights the urgent need for innovative solutions for plastics management.

Our current approach to plastic management follows the linear economy model, whereby we extract natural resources to produce plastic, and following its use, then dispose of it. This model assumes that natural resources are infinite and there are infinite spaces for our unwanted materials without causing any harm.

However, our rising levels of plastic production and its accumulation in our landfills could account for up to 56 gigatons of carbon emissions between now and 2050.  The circular economy offers an alternative approach to plastics management, with promising health, social and economic benefits.

The circular economy

Whilst there is no universally adopted definition, a circular economy is a model that aims to maintain the value of products and materials in the economy for as long as possible. Keeping materials and resources in closed loops would reduce the need to extract more resources for production, whilst also limiting the generation of waste.

With concerns around the environmental impact of plastics, the circular economy’s focus on the re-utilisation and recovery of plastics offers a viable alternative. Given that the origins of plastic production is from the extraction of fossil fuels, an enhanced focus on recycling plastic waste would reduce fossil fuel emissions.

In addition, this aids in the reduction of consumer plastic waste pollution, which accounts for 4,600 million tonnes globally in our landfills. This has downstream impacts by reducing the leeching of plastic into marine environments and reducing biodiversity loss, both of which are crucial to our sustenance. PET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV

Research suggests that the re-introduction of plastic in our economy can provide an annual saving of up to 3.5 billion barrels of oil per year and take 15 million cars off the road. With recent shortages of oil commodities globally, there is an urgent need to diversify and transition towards newer models.

The environmental gains offered by a circular economy have downstream impacts on human health. Most directly, the removal of plastics in landfill and its subsequent leaching into the marine environment would reduce the disruption of the marine food chain and water supplies.

This not only lowers contamination of drinking water but also increases food safety for populations who rely on seafood as a key food source. In addition, it reduces the facilitation of antibiotic resistance and the spread of pathogens which form breeding grounds for infectious diseases to emerge.

Furthermore, there are numerous indirect mental health benefits that can emerge from growing technologies that enhance the circular economy, such as by providing new avenues of employment and higher incomes. However, further research is yet to be done to strongly establish these links.

There is no better time to look towards a circular economy approach, especially if we want a strong and greener economic recovery post-COVID. Encouraging economies to become less reliant on natural resource extraction for plastic production opens up employment and entrepreneurial opportunities in key areas such as plastic recycling technologies and waste management. PET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV

The latest report by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development stated that implementing a circular economy for plastics has the potential to unlock $6 trillion worth of business opportunities that help fulfil the Paris Agreement.

This is great for Australia’s tourism and fishing industry, as plastic pollution costs the industry up to $13 billion in economic losses due to the destruction of the Great Barrier Reef and marine environments. Moreover, this offers a great opportunity for developing countries that are in the infancy of waste management and industrialisation process to adopt an approach that has great economic potential, but also a more sustainable developmental pathway.

The catch?

Whilst a circular economy for plastics offers exciting potential, there are a few concerns about its practicality.

Plastics nowadays often have a mix of different polymers and additives, and some of these contain persistent organic pollutants (POPs) such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB). In addition, they contain endocrine disruptors such as bisphenol (BPAs) and phthalate. POPs and chemical additives are linked to health issues such as cancer, and reproductive and developmental diseases. PET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV

There are concerns that the re-utilisation of plastics with this approach increases toxicity risks and pose health concerns, such as if POPs are re-entered into the food chain via marine fauna. Moreover, there are suggestions that long-term exposure to chemical additives in plastics may contribute to further disease and dysfunction, which we don’t know of just yet.

Furthermore, it is argued that recycling processes can reversely contribute towards increased emissions due to the input of non-renewables in such processes, along with emissions generated in transportation. There is limited research on the environmental consequences of the continuous re-introduction of plastics into the economy, raising concerns about whether this approach would cause long-term consequences.

Secondly, plastic designs that combine different polymers complicate recycling feasibility, which proves to be economically taxing for industries. Given that no compounds in plastic are recyclable, the process of fractioning plastics to find compounds which are recyclable and disassembling them is costly. PET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV

In addition, the contamination of plastic waste with other materials such as food residues means that sorting, collecting and transport costs can be higher than the value of the plastic waste collected.


Plastics in landfill may be worth millions — if we switch to a circular economy

PET-flakes – European-chemicals – EV

Polypropylene – Recycling-plastic – Oil 21-11-2022

Polypropylene – Recycling-plastic – Oil 21-11-2022

Polypropylene – Recycling-plastic – Oil

-PET-Bottles-0,80I.V. – Petrochemicals 

Polypropylene - Recycling-plastic - Oil

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Lummus Novolen Technology launches new PPure polypropylene grades

Lummus Technology announced the launch of its Novolen PPure polypropylene (PP) portfolio, a new grade-range of polymers suitable for supporting production of high-quality products for automotive, healthcare components and food packaging materials, said Hydrocabonprocessing.

The new non-phthalate process technology provides significant energy savings by delivering an improved hydrogen response with the catalyst.

“Lummus continues to raise the bar with Novolen’s new line of PPure polypropylene process technologies,” said Romain Lemoine, Chief Business Officer of Polymers and Petrochemicals, Lummus Technology. “The PPure portfolio provides our end users access to new and more sustainable product grades, plus the innovative technology extends the application of an existing plant and reduces CO2 emissions that is unmatched in the current marketplace. We are proud to offer operators a choice in technology based on their need or end-product targets and help our licensees remain competitive in the marketplace.” Polypropylene – Recycling-plastic – Oil

The PPure technology portfolio includes several variants applicable for an operators’ process and end-product requirements. Grades within PPure include high crystallinity homopolymers, ethylene random copolymers and advanced impact copolymers.

The high-crystallinity homopolymers are suitable for injection molding, thermoforming, raffia, cast film and compounding applications. The ethylene random copolymers include high-flow characteristics and ethylene content up to 5 percent, delivering excellent clarity and low extractables, making them a perfect choice for food packaging applications. The advanced impact copolymers convey high flowability and have excellent impact-stiffness balance and no-break behavior, ideal for lightweight interior and under-the-hood automotive parts.

Lummus Novolen Technology GmbH licenses the industry leading Novolen polypropylene technology and provides engineering, technical support and advisory services to the refining industry. The Novolen portfolio includes NPM advanced process controls system, PPConnect digital data analysis platform and Lummus O3S operator training simulator. The Novolen technology includes NEON low volatile extrusion equipment and components, Novolen ComPPact process reactors, which can be used by implementing the proprietary VRC reactor system, allowing for maximum product range and capacity flexibility. Novolen catalysts are available to licensees to produce high-performance and special polypropylene grades and include Novolen CirPPlus recycled polymers, Novolen Enhance performance polymers, PPure polymers and Novocene metallocene catalysts.


Polypropylene - Recycling-plastic - Oil

-China ready to take over the world, peace in Ukraine is Xi’s trump card

Xi Jinping’s China emerges victorious from the Indonesian G20 and is a candidate to lead the whole world, granting only a delay to the West before the settlement of accounts that will start from Taiwan and from the control of the South China Sea from which almost all commercial traffic passes planetary. In exchange, it grants the United States and England an anti-Russian position that is closely connected with Taiwan: Russia was wrong to invade another sovereign state by violating the principle according to which no one can snoop in someone else’s house, just like America and the its allies must not poke their noses into the China Sea, including Taiwan.

For a month, Xi Jinping had leaked the news, which we had recorded, according to which Putin at the beginning of February made a serious snub to China by misleading Xi Jinping when the Russian President went to Beijing as the Olympics were ending. Big parties, hugs and group photos, then the Russian went back to Moscow and on the 24th he launched his “special military operation” against Ukraine. The whole world said: “Putin has the full support of China when he went to warn his Chinese counterpart, who evidently gave his consent.” But that wasn’t true. Polypropylene – Recycling-plastic – Oil

Putin had said nothing about his intention to invade Ukraine and Xi Jinping was taken totally by surprise and did not like it at all. But he decided not to make his disappointment public pending the Samarkand summit with all the countries declaredly hostile to the Western world, including Russia, China, India, Pakistan and many others from the former Soviet bloc and the old “third world”.

The summit took place in mid-September but a few days before, a long article by Professor Wang Yiwei, academic and director of Renmin University of China, a close collaborator of Xi and visiting professor at many Western universities, had come out without fanfare. In that long article, which reconstructed the complex and often bloody history of relations between the Soviet Union and China, then settled with a treaty between the Russian Federation and China in 2005, Yiwei recounted that something similar to what Putin had done in 2022 had occurred parties were reversed on July 31, 1958 when Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev was invited to Beijing for a great celebration of the two homelands of socialism, China and the Soviet Union. Khrushchev left Beijing on August 4 and immediately after Mao Zedong launched the Kinmen Artillery Battle, known in history as the “Second Taiwan Strait Crisis” with heavy shelling of the Quemoi (Kinmen) archipelago occupied by Chang Kai-shek’s army , the nationalist generalissimo who, after having fought together with Mao’s popular army against the Japanese, had been defeated and put to flight by Mao himself and had taken refuge in Formosa.

The Americans – Ike Eisenhower, former commander-in-chief of the allied armies against Nazi Germany was still president – ​​assessed the situation and decided that it would be imprudent to intervene because it was clear that Mao, during Khrushchev’s visit, had obtained their support from the Soviets . When Khrushchev realized the deception – says Wang Yiwei’s article published with the consent of Xi Jinping – he was seized with hysterics and stamped his feet on the ground angrily shouting “That Mao is cunning and arrogant as a rooster from combat!”. The gist of the article was: dear Vladimir, you have matched us and we are patient people who know how to play along, even when the going gets tough. But don’t take us for idiots because your war on Ukraine won’t find our support at all and indeed tell us when you plan to close this regrettable chapter.

The signs of the storm were evident in Samarkand where, despite the enthusiasm of the post-communists of the Western world, very harsh words flew around. Both Xi Jinping and Modi, the Indian president who while partnering with the Chinese and Russians in the meantime carries out military exercises with the Americans, brutally asked Putin when he intended to end his adventure in Ukraine, a source of embarrassment for everyone. Putin replied that the Westerners and America were to blame and Xi Jinping told Putin that he would deal with America himself because relations between the two superpowers were being reviewed because if the Chinese own a large part of American debt (for which Washington pays the annual interest on time), it is equally true that almost all Chinese trade finds its place in America and without the American market China would collapse. In Samarkand probably (nobody said it but one can assume) Putin assured that he had the intention of negotiating, as long as those warmongers in Kiev, starting with Zelensky, stopped inflicting humiliating losses. Polypropylene – Recycling-plastic – Oil

At that point, the American response became extremely flexible towards Xi Jinping because Washington supported with many objective reasons that it had to intervene in support of Ukraine to avoid nuclear proliferation in all non-nuclear countries (especially the former Soviet ones), which the United States wants to avoid at all costs, with which the Chinese are in complete agreement. What is it about?

When Ukraine was declared an independent state in 1992, it returned to Russia all the nuclear weapons scattered on its territory and which belonged to the former Soviet Union. However, he asked as a guarantee of his nuclear disarmament, valid also for the future, that Russia itself, the United States and the United Kingdom guarantee its sovereignty and independence. Putin’s annexationist moves to control Crimea and Donbass alarmed the USA and the UK, but when the February invasion took place, both guarantor countries decided to intervene heavily by supplying the invaded Ukraine with weapons, but with a dropper: Kiev would have received as much was enough to contain the invasion and discourage it, but no more. Why so much caution? The answers came through analyzes filtered by the State Department through Foreign Affairs Think-Tanks and other well-informed analysis centers. The explanation given by the Biden administration to Xi Jinping is this: at least 25 nuclear-armed countries have communicated their intention to proceed with the production or purchase of nuclear weapons to defend themselves in the event of annexation attempts by Russia. Unless, that is the point, Washington and London have not demonstrated by deeds that they have the intention and the ability to defend the attacked Ukraine and that they are ready to do so in the future as well.

The very high costs of supplying the latest generation of computerized weapons to Ukraine have added to the economic crisis and in fact just yesterday Dmitry Medvedev, Putin’s eternal number two, derided that “The Americans have always betrayed their allies and will even the Ukrainians”. Hence the first warnings from Washington which has publicly shown its discontent with the aggressiveness of Volodymir Zelensky and his military circle, warning that the cold months and the slowdown of the war on the ground should have been spent reaching an agreement with Russia, which at this point has to bring home a result, for the negotiation to make sense. Xi Jinping also liked all of this because it allows him to downsize Moscow’s leadership claims and the G20 demonstrated how much his understanding of the American and British position is visible.

But Xi Jinping’s victory immediately translated into an intensification of penetration, espionage and technology acquisition operations both in the United Kingdom and in the United States where both the Mi5 in London and the FBI in Washington were faced with a proliferation of Chinese pressure aiming at the acquisition of political and industrial power in both countries.

Ken McCallum, director of Mi5 raised the alarm at the annual press conference on the banks of the Thames, arguing that Her Majesty’s secret services continually discover traces of continuous: “manipulation of public opinion in favor of China, favoring the careers of senior officials and politicians, i.e. building up debts of gratitude”. And he cited the operation that led to Chinese agent Christine Ching Kyu Lee being unmasked by Mi6 while she was recruiting with royal political figures. Something similar happened in Washington with an FBI operation that captured a cell of recruiters called Fang Fang. McCallum argued that Xi Jinping’s new Communist Party of China has turned into a totally different organism from the one to which the British and Americans were accustomed in the past and that therefore China’s real response on the international theater scene must be seen as a temporary peace destined to buy the necessary time for the final phase of Xi Jinping’s leadership which will consist in the exclusion of the West from the Eastern world and the containment of Russia so that it does not undertake other adventures not authorized by China.

China ready to take over the world, peace in Ukraine is Xi's trump card

-A tale of two sciences recycling plastic

Two-step approach eliminates the need to sort plastics before they are recycled

Scientists have developed a process for converting mixed plastic waste into two distinct, useful chemicals. Their method uses a combination of chemical and biological techniques to upcycle mixtures of three common plastics. It could offer a way to streamline recycling processes by eliminating the need to first sort the plastics.

Sorting is not required

Currently, mixed plastic waste, such as what goes into household recycling bins, must be sorted by type before it can be recycled. ‘The motivation was to avoid the expensive and quite tedious sorting of mixed plastic waste,’ says Gregg Beckham from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Colorado, US, who led this research. The process is also suitable for plastic waste containing different polymers bonded together, such as multilayer packaging and some textiles. Polypropylene – Recycling-plastic – Oil

The three polymers this process is suitable for are:

high-density poly(ethylene) (HDPE), with uses including milk containers and bottles for personal care products poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), commonly used for food and drink packaging, especially for single-used beverage bottles poly(styrene), which is widely used as disposable food trays, cups and plates.

These three plastics make up the majority of post-consumer plastic waste.

Chemistry and biology unite

The team’s recycling process has two steps. First, the polymers are oxidised by air with the help of a cobalt–manganese–bromide catalytic system to produce a soup of carboxylic acids. Next, the mixture is fed to soil bacteria for further conversion. The bacteria used are Pseudomonas putida, which naturally consume benzoic acid and dicarboxylic acids (produced by the HDPE and polystyrene breakdown). The team genetically engineered the bacteria to consume terephthalic acid (from PET) as well.

Further genetic engineering produced two distinct bacteria strains that produce two different end products. One converts the carboxylic acid mixture into polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs), which are used in biodegradable food packaging and for biomedical applications such as dissolvable sutures. The second strain transforms the soup into β-ketoadipate, which can be used to make performance-enhanced nylons.

‘The study is one of the first to show how to get from a mixed waste stream to a pure product and uses a very interesting interdisciplinary approach,’ says Ina Vollmer, an expert on chemical recycling of plastic waste based at Utrecht University in the Netherlands, who was not involved in this project. Polypropylene – Recycling-plastic – Oil


Polypropylene - Recycling-plastic - Oil

-ExxonMobil, PT Indomobil Prima Energi, Plastic Energy collaborate on chemical recycling initiative in Indonesia

At the G20 Bali Summit earlier this week, ExxonMobil, PT Indomobil Prima Energi (IPE), and chemical recycling pioneer Plastic Energy, signed a memorandum of understanding to assess the potential for large-scale implementation of chemical recycling technology in Indonesia.

Some 100,000 metric tons capacity per year are envisioned, according to the partners. The first phase is projected to be completed in 2025. The companies will also look at improving the plastic waste collection and sorting systems in the country.

PT Indomobil Prima Energi is an Indonesian-based Indomobil Group subsidiary. It operates  numerous distributorships, plant facilities, as well as thousands of retail fuel stations. By leveraging IPE’s network and access to local communities, IPE aims to make a difference through the implementation of chemical plastic recycling technology in Indonesia. Polypropylene – Recycling-plastic – Oil

“Indomobil Prima Energi is committed in realising a circular economy to create a better sustainable future,” said Gerry Kertowidjojo, president director of IPE. “This initiative is a collective notion that calls for action and synergy from all stakeholders to play a role as part of a responsible society.”

“Plastics help to raise living standards around the world, including in Indonesia, given their critical use in agriculture, food packaging, medical equipment and more,” said Dave Andrew, vice president of new market development at ExxonMobil.

“Leveraging new technologies and the expertise of our combined organisations, we can accelerate a circular economy for plastics in the region, so that more plastics can be turned into new products instead of ending up in the environment.”

ExxonMobil plans to build approximately 500,000 metric tons of chemical recycling capacity at its integrated manufacturing facilities around the world by year-end 2026, including in the U.S., Canada, Europe and Asia Pacific. At its facility in Baytown, Texas, ExxonMobil has processed more than 6,700 metric tons of plastic waste since startup up in 2021 and is on track to complete large-scale expansion of the facility by the end of this year. ExxonMobil has also signed a memorandum of understanding for chemical recycling in Malaysia and is collaborating with Plastic Energy on an advanced recycling plant in France.

Plastic Energy already has two commercial recycling plants in Spain, which use its patented TAC process to convert plastics into a feedstock called Tacoil, which can then be used to create virgin-quality plastics. Plastic Energy has several plants under construction in Europe, including a 25,000 metric ton capacity plant in France and an offtake collaboration agreement with ExxonMobil, and an MoU for a new advanced recycling project in Malaysia. Polypropylene – Recycling-plastic – Oil

“Indonesia and the Asia Pacific region is an area of the world that is greatly impacted by plastic waste,” said Carlos Monreal, founder and CEO of Plastic Energy.


ExxonMobil, PT Indomobil Prima Energi, Plastic Energy collaborate on chemical recycling initiative in Indonesia

-Compounder Mocom advances bio-EPDM, recycled content TPVs

German manufacturer says up to 90% of CO2 savings possible with new mix of materials

Hamburg, Germany – German compounder Mocom has developed a thermoplastic vulcanisate elastomer (TPV), produced from recycled PP (rPP) as well as, on request, partly bio-based raw materials such as bio-EPDM.

For the range, labelled Alfater XL ECO, the rPP is based on post-industrial-recyclate (PIR), whereas the partly bio-based EPDM has a bio-content of 70%.

According to Mocom, the rPP and bio-based content of the TPV depends on its hardness. So, for example, the rPP content for hard Alfater XL ECO grades (e.g., Shore D50) can be more than 80%, while in soft TPV the bio-based content is respectively high.

“With this mix of raw materials, the production of sustainable TPV materials with different levels of CO2 saving potentials is possible,” the company said.

As an example, if the virgin PP in a peroxide-crosslinked, Shore A60 grade is replaced by rPP, CO2 savings of about 20% are achieved. Polypropylene – Recycling-plastic – Oil

If, in addition, the fossil-based EPDM is replaced by bio-EPDM (70% bio-based content), CO2 savings of more than 50% can be achieved, Mocom’s analyses also shows.

And if the mineral oil is replaced by a bio-based oil, CO2 savings of more than 90% can be achieved, the compounder further noted.

The new Alfater grades, continued Mocom, can be used in typical TPV processes, including injection moulding, extrusion, and press blow moulding.

The ECO TPV materials are also suitable for 2K moulding and are said to exhibit “excellent adhesion” to polyolefins, such as PE and PP, and to thermoplastic elastomers.


Compounder Mocom advances bio-EPDM, recycled content TPVs

-US oil prices fall 10% in the week as demand worries rise

Weakening fuel demand in China outweighs concerns that Russian supply could drop

Oil prices fell sharply in the week as mounting concerns about weakening fuel demand in China outweighed fears that Russian supply could drop next month when tighter EU sanctions on its crude exports come into force.

West Texas Intermediate, the US benchmark, lost about 10 per cent this week, falling 1.9 per cent on Friday to settle at $80.08 a barrel. It was the biggest weekly loss since March.

US oil prices fell by more than 4 per cent to $78.50 a barrel earlier in the day, to what was the lowest price since September. The WTI futures curve also switched into mild contango — a market structure in which the forward price of a contract is more expensive than the spot price, and which reflects perceptions of oversupply.

Brent crude, the international marker, fell about 9 per cent in the week, losing 2.4 per cent on Friday to settle at $87.62.

Friday’s sell-off left US oil prices down about 14 per cent below the highs struck in October after the Opec+ cartel defied US pressure to announce a plan to cut production in a bid to prop up a weakening crude market. Polypropylene – Recycling-plastic – Oil

Earlier this week, the International Energy Agency trimmed its forecast for global oil consumption growth next year, citing a “myriad of headwinds” for demand, including “rising recession odds, China’s persistently weak economy, Europe’s energy crisis” and the strengthening dollar.

Please use the sharing tools found via the share button at the top or side of articles. Copying articles to share with others is a breach of FT.com T&Cs and Copyright Policy. Email licensing@ft.com to buy additional rights. Subscribers may share up to 10 or 20 articles per month using the gift article service. More information can be found at https://www.ft.com/tour.

In equities, US stocks fell in the week as investors balanced data showing an easing in inflation in the world’s biggest economy against hawkish warnings from the Federal Reserve.

Wall Street’s benchmark S&P 500 fell 1.2 per cent across the five sessions, but gained 0.5 per cent on Friday. The tech-heavy Nasdaq Composite lost 1.6 per cent in the week, and was flat on Friday.

Investors were cautious after a warning on Thursday from James Bullard, president of the St Louis Fed, that previous interest rate rises had “only a limited effect on observed inflation”. The central bank’s main policy rate could increase to between 5 per cent and 5.25 per cent at least, Bullard said, above the level priced in by markets.

The market consensus remains that the Fed will raise rates by 0.5 percentage points when it next meets in December, which would end a run of four consecutive 0.75 percentage-point increases.

Bullard’s comments sparked a slight sell-off in US government bonds, with the two-year Treasury yield, which is particularly sensitive to interest rate expectations, adding a further 0.08 percentage points on Friday to 4.53 per cent. The benchmark 10-year Treasury yield rose 0.06 percentage points to 3.83 per cent as the price of the security fell.

The dollar index, which tracks the currency against a basket of six of its peers, added 0.3 per cent, although it has fallen more than 4 per cent in November.

Jim Paulsen, chief investment strategist at The Leuthold Group, a research company, said a combination of the delayed effect of contractionary monetary and fiscal policies, the dollar’s strength and the growing gap between the yields on two-year and 10-year Treasuries was set to “significantly slow” real economic growth in the US.

“By the first quarter of next year, our guess is that the primary consensus concern will be recession rather than inflation,” Paulsen said. Polypropylene – Recycling-plastic – Oil

Elsewhere in equity markets, Europe’s Stoxx 600 added 1.2 per cent and London’s FTSE rose 0.5 per cent.


US oil prices fall 10% in the week as demand worries rise

Polypropylene – Recycling-plastic – Oil

Chemical-recycling -Plastic-film 19-11-2022

PET-Bottles-0,80I.V. – Petrochemicals 21-11-2022

PET-Bottles-0,80I.V. – Petrochemicals

PET-Bottles-0,80I.V. - Petrochemicals

ITEM26 14/11/2022 21/11/2022 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 7,100 yuan/ton 6,975 yuan/ton -250
Bottle grade PET chips export market 925 $/ton 910 $/ton -15
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 6,650 yuan/ton 6,575 yuan/ton -75
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 6,800 yuan/ton 6,725 yuan/ton -75
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market 5,795 yuan/ton 5,600 yuan/ton -195
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 810 $/ton 775 $/ton -35
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 3,940 yuan/ton 3,775 yuan/ton -165
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 470 $/ton 447 $/ton -23
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market 1,018 $/ton 962 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 998 $/ton 942 $/ton -56
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,210 $/ton 1,169 $/ton -41
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 7,080 yuan/ton 6,950 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 6,850 yuan/ton 6,850 yuan/ton
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 8,400 yuan/ton 8,100 yuan/ton -300
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F

PET-Bottles-0,80I.V. – Petrochemicals

8,300 yuan/ton 8,200 yuan/ton -100
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 7,780 yuan/ton 7,700 yuan/ton -80
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,600 yuan/ton 7,300 yuan/ton -300
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 12,350 yuan/ton 12,650 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,670 $/ton 1,670 $/ton
Nylon6 chips overseas  market 1,970 $/ton 1,970 $/ton
Nylon6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 13,050 yuan/ton 12,900 yuan/ton -150
Nylon6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market 13,400 yuan/ton 13,350 yuan/ton -50
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market 24,300 yuan/ton 23,000 yuan/ton -300
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 15,700 yuan/ton 15,650 yuan/ton -50
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 17,950 yuan/ton 17,900 yuan/ton- -50
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  16,050 yuan/ton 16,000 yuan/ton -50
Spandex 20D  domestic  market 41,000 yuan/ton 40,500 yuan/ton -500
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 38,000 yuan/ton 37,500 yuan/ton 500
Spandex 40D  domestic  market 35,500 yuan/ton 34,500 yuan/ton -1,000
Adipic Acid domestic market 9,850 yuan/ton 9,550 yuan/ton -300
Benzene domestic market

PET-Bottles-0,80I.V. – Petrochemicals

7,020 yuan/ton 6,890 yuan/ton -130
Benzene overseas  market 831 $/ton 801 $/ton -30
Ethylene South East market 880 $/ton 880 $/ton
Ethylene NWE market 872 $/ton 871 $/ton -1
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market 11,400 yuan/ton 11,000 yuan/ton -400
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market 1,600 $/ton 1,600 $/tn
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 16,600 yuan/ton 16,600 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 13,000 yuan/ton 13,000 yuan/ton
PP Powder domestic market
7,700 yuan/ton 7,650 yuan/ton -50
Naphtha overseas market  714 $/ton 722 $/ton
Phenol domestic market 9,020 yuan/ton 8,810 yuan/ton -210

PET-Bottles-0,80I.V. – Petrochemicals

Chemical-recycling -Plastic-film 19-11-2022

Chemical-recycling -Plastic-film

-LyondellBasell moves ahead on new chemical recycling plant in Germany

LyondellBasell is moving forward with engineering to build a chemical recycling plant at its site in Wesseling, Germany. The plant will use the MoReTec technology developed and proven by LyondellBasell with the construction of a chemical recycling pilot plant at its Ferrara, Italy, site, which begun operation in August 2020, and was further expanded to a small-scale industrial facility in 2021.

LyondellBasell announced in October that, together with Germany-based 23 Oaks Investments, it was establishing a new joint venture company called Source One Plastics. That company will build and operate an energy efficient, advanced plastic waste sorting and recycling facility in Germany, the output of which will provide a material part of the feedstock for the new Wesseling-based recycling plant. Using renewable energy from wind and biomass, Source One Plastics will have the capacity to process the plastic packaging waste generated by approximately 1.3 million German citizens per year – waste that today is largely incinerated.

LyondellBasell’s proprietary MoReTec technology, described by Yvonne van der Laan, LyondellBasell Executive Vice President, Circular and Low Carbon Solutions as a ‘high yield, differential technology’, will enable polyolefin-based plastic waste to be converted, in a proprietary reactor unit, into pyrolysis oil and pyrolysis gas. This output will be used in the crackers, serving as feedstock for, amongst others, the production of new plastic materials.

“Solid process residues can be re-used or consumed in other applications, making this technology an energy efficient, zero waste process for the recycling of plastic waste,” she said. Chemical-recycling -Plastic-film

The final investment decision is targeted for the end of 2023. Once green-lighted, the project will proceed, with the start-up of the German MoReTec recycling plant planned for the end of 2025, with a capacity of 50,000 tonnes per year.


Chemical-recycling -Plastic-film

-Amcor triples recycled content targets

Packaging maker Amcor plc is tripling the company’s recycled content target.

The company, in conjunction with the release of a new sustainability report, revealed Nov. 17 the new goal is 30 percent — up from the previous 10 percent — by 2030.

“In ramping up our targets for recycled content, we’re helping radically scale the amount of recycled content coming into the market to create a circular economy for packaging,” said David Clark, vice president of sustainability at Melbourne-based Amcor, in a statement

“We do this by not only making sure that the packaging produced is designed to be recycled, but also by boosting infrastructure and consumer awareness to ensure content gets recycled and stays in the economy,” he said.

Amcor also reported more than doubling the amount of post-consumer material purchased in recent years. The company purchased 171,000 tons during fiscal year 2022, up from 61,000 tons in fiscal year 2019. Chemical-recycling -Plastic-film

Amcor purchased a total of 3.56 million tons of raw materials in fiscal year 2022. Of that total, 76 percent consisted of polymers, 13 percent fibers, 7 percent liquids and 6 percent metals, according to the sustainability report. The company’s sales mix, meanwhile, was 76 percent polymers, 14 percent metals and 10 percent fibers.

Along with using more recycled content, the company has pledged to make all products recyclable, reusable or compostable by 2025. A total of 74 percent of Amcor’s production by weight already is designed to be recycled, the company said.

Amcor’s network of operations include 220 locations in 43 countries. The firm, with $15 billion in annual sales, employs 44,000 around the world.


Chemical-recycling -Plastic-film

-Vecoplan: Cleaning process for plastics recycling

At this year’s K trade fair, the company has introduced a further step in plastics processing.

Now, in a further contribution to closed-loop recycling, the system provider is offering additional processing options. “Plastics recycling at a suitable level of cleanliness is becoming increasingly important,” says Martina Schmidt, head of the Recycling and Waste Division at Vecoplan AG. “By offering this to our customers, we can give them even greater support. At the end of the process chain, they get a material that is ready for the extruder.”

At its new technology center in Neunkhausen, Vecoplan has installed a demonstration and test facility called the Cleanikum, which covers some 600 square meters. Together with Vecoplan’s experts, customers can run cleaning tests with film waste and thin-walled hard plastics made from polyolefins like LDPE, HDPE, and PP. The facility, which features a new combination of machines for cleaning plastic, processes it to yield high-quality extrudable flakes that can find use in the manufacture of consumer goods, packaging, and cosmetics. “Our approach is purposely different from conventional solutions,” says Martina Schmidt. “Our developers have optimised the processing method to provide better cleaning quality while reducing energy and water consumption.” Vecoplan’s engineers worked closely with a network of experts to achieve this practical solution. Chemical-recycling -Plastic-film

The Cleanikum demonstrates the systematic use of cleaning and separation technologies that help cut back on the use of energy and water. Post-consumer waste can be cleaned in a cold or hot process, with or without lye, depending on the degree of contamination and the quality requirements for the recyclate. The combined demonstration and testing facility is able to handle polyolefins in the form of plastic film or used bottles.

“We rely on mechanical dry pre-cleaning, which means there is no conventional pre-wash,” says Schmidt. “This lowers our use of fresh water, and we can significantly reduce the quantity of waste water. The facility thus demonstrates processes that are economical in the use of water, an important resource.”

The required degree of cleanliness can be customized according to the user’s requirements. In addition to wet or dry mechanical cleaning, the Cleanikum can demonstrate temperature-controlled intensive heating using a sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution, for example when the regranulate is needed for the consumer goods or cosmetics industry. This is an effective means of dissolving greasy and oily impurities and of removing adhesives from labels

Vecoplan prepares the cleaning lye in the Cleanikum separately from the process water. Instead of using the lye or process water until it is saturated with contaminants and then cleaning it, the waste water is fed via collection lines at every point in the facility to a specially designed water treatment system, where it is cleaned and returned to each component. “This reduces our use of fresh water and lye while also improving the cleaning quality,” says Schmidt. “It is our contribution to sustainable recycling.”

In post-shredding, a wet granulator shreds the cleaned plastic film to the particle size required for drying and extruding. A combined friction separator and dewatering screw then dries the material mechanically to a residual moisture of five to six percent. The use of mechanical instead of thermal drying demonstrates how it is possible to improve the environmental footprint of plastic recycling.  Chemical-recycling -Plastic-film


Chemical-recycling -Plastic-film

-Germany’s Truetzschler to present textile solutions at India ITME 2022

German textile machinery manufacturer Truetzschler Group will attend the India International Textile Machinery Exhibitions (ITME) trade fair from December 8–13 at India Exposition Mart Limited in Greater Noida. The group’s 486-square-meter stand no. A3 (Hall 10), will showcase the latest machines and technologies from each of its business areas: spinning, card clothing, nonwovens, and man-made fibres.

A team of Truetzschler experts from Germany and India will be available to describe and discuss the company’s innovative solutions for the textile industry and will be supported by the sales team from its agency A.T.E Enterprises Limited, according to a press release by Truetzschler. Chemical-recycling -Plastic-film

The following exhibits from Truetzschler’s spinning business will be showcased at the event. The TC 19i card is the first intelligent card, and opens up new opportunities for productivity and quality with its self-optimisation function. Using data from the tried and tested T-CON 3, the T-GO gap optimiser permanently and automatically keeps the carding gap at the optimal position, even under changing production conditions. Wastecontrol helps to minimise the loss of good fibres, and Nepcontrol constantly monitors the nep count.

The integrated IDF 2 system is a versatile system that offers a cost-efficient and resource-efficient way of producing rotor-spun and Vortex yarns. The key benefits include improved economic efficiency through process cutting, higher flexibility with shorter throughput times, cost reduction through less operating work, and lower investment cost through reduced space requirements and saving of cans

The TC 12-1 S card sets the benchmark in one-meter cards. It boosts quality and productivity thanks to its highly precise flat setting system (PFS 40). Wastecontrol can reduce loss of good fibres by up to 2 per cent (for cotton). The state-of-the art Smart Touch and T-LED remote display provides easy operations. And the new coiling solution T-Move 2 with Jumbo Cans can increase can filling by up to 50 per cent. The synthetic version of the TC 12 card on booth with special execution with tailor-made technology components and stainless-steel parts offers the highest productivity with the lowest energy consumption.

The TCO 21 comber is an innovative combing machine that maximises productivity and automation, while also providing excellent process efficiency and yarn quality. With Dual Drive and 2-Twin-Drive, the TCO 21 is the only comber that offers direct drives on both sides. The unique self-optimisation of the Piecing Optimizer perfectly adjusts the piecing time and detaching curve. Smart Touch, RFID, and T-LED ensure easy operation.

The TD 10 spinning draw frame is an ultramodern auto-leveller draw frame that features the latest digital levelling technology. Due to its smart design, the TD 10 requires on an average 20 per cent less space than comparable competitors’ models. It is also equipped with a highly efficient suction system. The intelligent Smart Creel and T-LED remote display offer superior functional reliability. Special features like Auto Draft and Opti Set deliver significant performance improvements.

The pre-cleaner CL-X (exhibited as scale model) is a new high-performance pre-cleaner that offers higher productivity and lower energy consumption. Its improved grid geometry and 2.60-meter cleaning section achieve superior cleaning and separation at high production rates. The flexible machine is able to run two mixing lots at the same time, while different sizes of waste can also be separated. It features stepless speed adjustments for the opening rollers and individual adjustments of grid bars for each opening roller. An additional Wastecontrol sensor is also integrated into the CL-X, which avoids the unnecessary loss of valuable good fibres. Chemical-recycling -Plastic-film

Visitors will get the chance to see and touch various stages of recycled material processed by Truetzschler’s machines—from fibres to sliver and yarns. They can then get information on Truetzschler’s specially designed recycling card or sustainability/recycling table.

Truetzschler will present a new type of clothing for different processing needs and special applications. The company’s new Supertip series of cylinder clothing offers improved fibre guidance and allows optimal fibre transfer, which significantly improves nep removal efficiency. Its special metallurgy also helps to achieve much ‘longer working life’. The Novotop series of flat tops makes a significant positive influence on the carding process. At the stand, visitors will be able to see models and samples of the manufacturer’s unique range of wires. Truetzschler’s card clothing experts will be available to answer any questions.

The new T-Suprema solution for needle-punched nonwovens will be part of the exhibit at India ITME. Mechanically needled nonwovens are highly functional textiles used in construction, transportation, and industrial production. T-Suprema production lines make the needle-punching process easier than ever. Truetzschler Nonwovens partners with Texnology, an expert in needle looms and other needle-punching machinery. Truetzschler’s offer includes efficient machinery for manufacturing top-quality geotextiles, filtration media, automotive textiles, and nonwovens for special applications.

The Optima platform is a key part of Truetzschler’s presence at India ITME. The Optima for Bulk Continuous Filament (BCF) concentrates on the needs of carpet yarn producers. With the four-end MO40-C, MO40-E, and TO40 extrusion systems, customers benefit from outstanding productivity, top-quality yarns, and low production costs. The new variant Optima for Industrial Yarn (IDY) transfers these advantages to the production of industrial and technical yarn. The TEC-O40 and TEC-O80 systems allow for the efficient manufacturing of high-tenacity, low-shrinkage, low-denier, and semi-industrial filament yarns. Applications cover tyre reinforcements, airbags, belts, geotextiles, ropes, and nets, as well as tents and travel luggage. Chemical-recycling -Plastic-film


Germany's Truetzschler to present textile solutions at India ITME 2022

-New report signals innovation boom in bio- and recycling alternatives 

For the second year in succession, intellectual property firm Appleyard Lees has published its Inside Green Innovation: Progress Report 2022. The report analyses patent filings across several key environmental issues, including biopolymers and polymer recycling.

In the area of biodegradable plastics, a clear front-runner has emerged with the sharp spike in global patent applications for butylene-based biopolymers, according to the report. Chemical-recycling -Plastic-film

And in polymer recycling, after almost two decades of decline, technology innovation has re-emerged to reach a worldwide peak of 423 priority patent filings in 2020 – an almost 130% increase on 2018 (186) and the most prolific patent filing year since 2000 (294).

The marked increase seen in companies filing patents for chemical recycling of polymers indicates a ‘huge turnaround in this area of green innovation’, the authors write.

In the current report, the authors look at patent filing trends for the main types of bioplastics produced today: butylene-based polymers, polylactic acid, polyhydroxyalkanoates and starch-based bioplastics. Patent filings in all four types of bioplastics were shown to have risen in recent years, albeit to varying extents. For example, filing numbers for butylene-based polymers were relatively steady until about five years ago, but have experienced a notable upward trend year on year since then. Indeed, butylene-based technology stands out as the leading area of current innovation.

Since 2018, activity among the top five organisations filing patents for butylene-based polymers more than doubled (from 26 to 56 in 2020), with the 2020 number an increase of more than 200% on 2016.

“Patent filings in all types of biopolymers have risen in recent years, though increased activity in butylene-based polymers is notable over the past five years and could offer a valid route for manufacturers, “ noted patent attorney Sarah Gibbs, Senior Associate at Appleyard Lees

Butylene-based polymers (such as polybutylene adipate terephthalate – PBAT) are biodegradable and anticipated to become more important to a bioplastics transition because of their parallel properties to conventional plastics, coupled with their greater capacity for scaling up production.

This includes – in the case of polybutylene succinate (PBS), clarity, processability and flexibility. Innovations and, consequently, patent applications involving butylene-based polymers include improvements to biodegradable packaging and single-use items. Israel’s Tipa Corporation is focusing on such applications by blending PBAT or PBS with other bioplastics such as PLA to combine flexibility and strength. Meanwhile, Japan’s Mitsubishi Group is patenting innovation in tensile strength of PBS by combining it with an acrylic rubber.


New report signals innovation boom in bio- and recycling alternatives

-WM and Dow partner on plastic film recycling initiative in US

When fully operational, the initiative is expected to divert more than 120,000t of plastic films from landfill a year.

North American waste management company WM has partnered with chemical firm Dow on a plastic film recycling initiative in the US.

The partnership will allow consumers in certain markets to recycle hard-to-recycle plastic films directly at their kerbsides. Chemical-recycling -Plastic-film

WM and Dow will work together to develop infrastructure to bridge existing recycling gaps and create a more circular value chain for plastic materials in the US.

The companies initially piloted the programme in Hickory Hills, Illinois, and plan to expand it to other cities across the country.

Consumers in these cities will be able to recycle film plastics such as cling wrap, bread bags and dry-cleaning bags directly in their kerbside recycling.

At full scale, the initiative is expected to help prevent more than 120,000tpa of plastic films from entering landfill.

WM president and CEO Jim Fish said: “By providing residential customers with a simple, kerbside option for recycling plastic films, we will not only help our customers more easily manage their used plastic film products, but also meet the rising demand for recycled content products.

“We see tremendous, untapped potential to recycle and reuse plastic film, which many of our residential customers struggle to properly dispose.”

Dow chairman and CEO Jim Fitterling said: “Enabling a circular economy requires broad stakeholder collaboration, innovation and investment throughout the value chain to continue to more rapidly develop and advance solutions at scale.

“Through our collaboration with WM, we’re determined to launch new programmes that grow recycling infrastructure and access nationwide, creating a more comprehensive system where films and flexible plastics form a key pillar of our circular product offerings.”

The partnership builds on WM and Dow’s wider efforts to increase recycling across the US.

WM plans to invest more than $800m by 2025 to optimise recycling infrastructure, while Dow aims to incorporate recycled content into its product solutions.


WM and Dow partner on plastic film recycling initiative in US

-Bioplastics as an Alternative to Single-Use Plastic Waste

The average American uses 365 pieces of single-use plastic each year. Researchers are examining the possibility of plastics engineered from plant-based materials to minimize the mass amounts of non-biodegradable plastics hitting our landfills.

The average American uses 365 articles of single-use plastic each year according to research done by National Geographic.

These items, products like plastic utensils, cups, and bags, are typically used once before they are sent to landfills to take up space. Chemical-recycling -Plastic-film

In the United States alone, about 100 billion plastic bags are used each year, with estimations made that the world uses about 4 trillion annually, Waste Management reports. In many ways, the use of these non-biodegradable materials, such as single-use plastic bags, has become too incorporated into modern life to simply stop using.

Though eight states in the U.S. have officially banned single-use plastic bags, and bans across the country on other plastic products such as straws, plates, cups and bottles have proven successful in reducing plastic waste, others have a different perspective on how to eliminate the massive amounts of plastic waste single-use plastic products creates.

“It takes 1,000 years for a plastic bag to degrade in a landfill. Unfortunately, the bags don’t break down completely but instead photo-degrade, becoming microplastics that absorb toxins and continue to pollute the environment,” a report from the Center for Biological Diversity states.

Deciding to tackle this issue from another angle, some scientists are investigating the possibility of creating a material that can be substituted for plastic in one-use products.

The goal of this approach is the create a material capable of decomposing so that it can be composted or broken up naturally into landfills without causing harm to its surroundings.

With multiple approaches to this, a variety of scientists and other researchers have begun exploring the possibility of producing a plastic replacement made up of plant-based materials.

In recent years several notable studies have discovered materials like this with potential.

In June 2021, Nature Communications published research completed by researchers from the Yusuf Hamied Department of Chemistry at the University of Cambridge titled “Controlled self-assembly of plant proteins into high-performance multifunctional nanostructured films.”

The report details the researcher’s approach to creating plant-based films similar enough to those produced with our current petroleum-based systems.

Though successfully producing a material similar to plastic, the report describes the researcher’s continuous encounters with one hurdle; scaleability.

“Here, we demonstrate a scalable approach for generating mechanically robust plant-based films on a meter-scale through controlled nanometre-scale self-assembly of water-insoluble plant proteins. Chemical-recycling -Plastic-film

Ultimately discovering their production methods can be replicated with the use of ultrasonication, the possibility of upscaling their work to production levels capable of replacing the millions of single-use plastics becomes more possible.

“Also, ultrasonication is widely used in food processing and thus practically available at industrial scale,” the report denotes.

This method is not the only to come up with a possible solution, however.

In 2022 two professors in the Department of Forest Biomaterials at North Carolina State University named Lokendra Pal and Lucian Lucia identified a way to convert leftover sawdust powder and agro-residues into a material similar to styrofoam.

This plastic replacement has the potential to replace styrofoam and other plastics often used in the food industry.

The two professors are currently conducting pilot trials to test the material’s potential for commercialization.

This plastic substitute demonstrates one thing that others do not; a lower amount of raw materials needed to produce it.

“These alternatives, however, require a lot of water, energy, and chemicals to produce and therefore cost nearly 10 times as much as the material developed by Pal and Lucia,” Andrew Moore of North Carolina State University writes.

Each of the two prior mentioned methods have their own pros and cons, one single solution to the overproduction and consumption of single-use plastic has not been agreed upon.

An even more recent study by researchers at the University of British Columbia has gained some traction and media attention as a promising option.

The wood-based material is capable of replicating transparent plastic, garnering excitement from the public as a material truly similar to the plastic bottles and cups we are accustomed to. With a legion of other strengths, the material’s success is a demonstration of the possibility to meet all of the criteria exhibited by the plastics we currently use.

“The prepared cellulose film shows high transmittance, good thermal stability (Tmax of 350 °C), high mechanical strength (99.7 MPa tensile strength and 5.7 GPa Young’s modulus), good underwater structural stability (17.1 MPa tensile strength after being immersed in water for 30 days), as well as excellent biodegradability (completely degrades in 19 days when buried in soil).” Chemical-recycling -Plastic-film

The material is evidence of the true potential these plant-based alternatives have to eliminate the unnecessary waste of plastic cups, straws, bottles, plates, and bags.

Over and over again we are seeing researchers and scientists discovering materials capable of withstanding the same conditions of the plastics currently on the market.


Bioplastics as an Alternative to Single-Use Plastic Waste

Chemical-recycling -Plastic-film

Indorama-PET -PET-flake – HeiQ – PLA 18-11-2022

Indorama-PET -PET-flake – HeiQ – PLA 18-11-2022

Indorama-PET -PET-flake – HeiQ – PLA

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Indorama Ventures is considering the possibility of building a secondary PET production facility in Thailand

Indorama Ventures is considering building a second polyethylene terephthalate (R-PET) recycling plant in Thailand, the company said.

The company currently has one recycled PET plant in Thailand, which can produce up to 30,000 tonnes a year to make bottles and threads and fibers.

In mid-October this year, Indoramaopened aPET recycling facility in Cavite, Philippines, which is a joint venture with Coca-Cola Beverages Philippines (CCBPI).

Construction of a secondary PET plant in Indonesia is also ongoing, with a start-up date expected towards the end of 2023.

According to theScanPlast review, in August the total estimated consumption of PET in Russia for the reporting month amounted to 77.71 thousand tons, which is 15% higher than last year’s figure. In January-August of this year, the total estimated consumption of PET decreased by 2% compared to the same period a year earlier and amounted to 542.80 thousand tons.

Indorama Ventures PLS is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of PET, TPA, MEG (in the USA), as well as polyester yarns and fibers. IVL acquired TPT Petrochemicals in 2008.


Indorama-PET -PET-flake - HeiQ - PLA

-Plastipak’s Major Recycling Investment in Spain Officially Opens

Investing In The Circular Economy

Plastipak, a global leader in the design, manufacture and recycling of plastic containers has announced the formal opening of a major recycling investment at its manufacturing site in Toledo, Spain by Don Emiliano García-Page, President of the Castilla-La Mancha Region. The new recycling facility converts PET flake into food-grade recycled PET (rPET) pellets suitable for direct use in new preforms, bottles and containers.

The new recycling plant will produce 20,000 tonnes of food-grade recycled pellet per year and will eliminate recycled resin transport-related emissions since it is co-located at Plastipak’s current preform manufacturing site. The recycling plant is Plastipak’s fifth recycling facility, with other recycling plants located in USA, France, Luxembourg and United Kingdom. In Europe, Plastipak is the largest producer of food-grade rPET, with well over 150,000 tonnes of rPET capacity per annum. Indorama-PET -PET-flake – HeiQ – PLA

Driving Down Emissions

Pedro Martins, Plastipak’s Executive Managing Director Europe, said “The use of rPET is a key tool in reducing our customer’s Scope 3 related emissions and forms an important part of their ESG-packaging related commitments. As well as supporting our customers to reduce their financial obligations under the planned Spanish plastics tax, the plant will also contribute to the meeting the minimum recycled content levels mandated by the Single Use Plastics Directive.”

To support on-site energy generation, the state-of-the-art facility incorporates advanced energy-saving technologies and equipment that includes the rooftop installation of over 1800 photovoltaic (PV) solar panels.  The PV panels are expected to generate more than 1339 MWh of electricity per year that will be consumed entirely on-site, saving more than 443 tonnes of CO2 per year through the avoidance of consumption of electricity from the national grid. This is in addition to the CO2 avoided by using 20,000 tonnes of recycled resin instead of virgin resin.


Indorama-PET -PET-flake - HeiQ - PLA

-The LYCRA Company and HeiQ Introduce New LYCRA® naturalFX™ Technology That Offers Durable Comfort Stretch and Fit for 100% Cotton Knitwear

The LYCRA Company, a global leader in developing innovative and sustainable fiber and technology solutions for the apparel and personal care industries, today announced the launch of LYCRA® naturalFX™ technology, a proprietary textile finishing process for 100% cotton knit garments designed for mass market applications. Developed in collaboration with HeiQ, an industry leader in performance finish technologies, this application is the latest example of both companies’ ongoing efforts to bring more innovative and sustainable textile technologies to consumers worldwide.

LYCRA® naturalFX™ technology enhances the stretch and recovery properties of cotton knit fabrics and does so in a durable way with outstandingly soft hand”

LYCRA® naturalFX™ technology, powered by HeiQ, enhances cotton knitwear, addressing critical consumer pain points, and improving the consumer’s overall wearing experience. This technology provides durable comfort stretch, fit, and soft hand-feel to 100% cotton knitwear compared to conventional finishes. Indorama-PET -PET-flake – HeiQ – PLA

Even after repeated washing and wearing, LYCRA® naturalFX™ technology helps knitwear retain its shape, which helps extend the garment’s lifespan and potentially reduce its environmental impact.

“LYCRA® naturalFX™ technology enhances the stretch and recovery properties of cotton knit fabrics and does so in a durable way with outstandingly soft hand,” said Nicolas Banyols, chief commercial officer at The LYCRA Company. “This breakthrough innovation not only improves the performance of everyday 100% cotton knitwear but is easy for mills to implement as it requires no investment in new equipment. We value HeiQ’s technical expertise and are excited to collaborate on the commercialization of this technology.”

All knits that use LYCRA® naturalFX™ technology can be submitted to The LYCRA Company’s labs for quality control testing to ensure all consumer benefits are delivered, including comfort stretch, breathability, and durable fit. New logos will feature both the LYCRA® and HeiQ brands and will be supported by customizable co-branded POS materials featuring the tagline, “In Sync with Nature’s Rhythm,” which are also available to brands and retailers.

While The LYCRA Company is leading the commercialization of this technology, HeiQ will collaborate and support the introduction through their brand network as well as manufacturing and selling the finishing directly to textile mills, leveraging their established global technical services to deliver optimized performance.

“Combining The LYCRA Company’s expertise in stretch fibers with HeiQ’s renowned innovation in textile chemical finishing has resulted in a truly unique, added-value technology that offers enhanced performance to cotton knitwear,” added Mike Mordente, head of the business unit textiles at HeiQ. “I am confident that LYCRA® naturalFX™ technology will open up a new generation of enhanced stretch and recovery garments with comfort and durability.” Indorama-PET -PET-flake – HeiQ – PLA

The LYCRA Company and HeiQ Introduce New LYCRA® naturalFX™ Technology That Offers Durable Comfort Stretch and Fit for 100% Cotton Knitwear

-TotalEnergies Corbion and BGF make it official

Two bioplastics manufacturers –  South Korea-based Be Good Friends (BGF) and TotalEnergies Corbion, in Gorinchem, Netherlands  – have announced they have entered a long-term collaborative arrangement, formalising what had already been a good working relationship The two companies, both focused on the development and production of biodegradable materials and products, will work together on the application development . They will also cooperate on the supply of Luminy PLA, the biobased material produced by TotalEnergies Corbion.  Indorama-PET -PET-flake – HeiQ – PLA

BGF recently launched a 100%  bio-based and compostable single-use noodle cup on the South Korean market. The lightweight, foamed noodle cup minimises the use of materials and is produced using high heat Luminy PLA as a base resin.

The development of the cup is the result of joint development efforts between the two companies, and more developments are set to follow in the future.

“The collaboration with TotalEnergies Corbion is supporting our long-term growth strategy,” said Mr. Hong, Chief Executive Officer of BGF.

Moreover, as Thomas Philipon, Chief Executive Officer of TotalEnergies Corbion, pointed out, the biopolymers market is experiencing strong growth and customers are requesting ‘innovative solutions tailor-made to their market needs’.

PLA is an ingredient in several of the compounds that formulated by BGF to meet specific customers’ functionality needs for different applications.

“We are delighted to have signed this long-term collaboration agreement with BGF.


Indorama-PET -PET-flake - HeiQ - PLA

-Alliance to End Plastic Waste commits US$36 million to Indonesian projects

Investment aims to enable up to 5x catalytic funding

The Alliance to End Plastic Waste announced this week a US$36 million commitment to develop a range of sustainable solutions and projects in Indonesia, intended to advance the country’s national goals to reduce 70% ocean plastic pollution by 2025 and achieve near zero leakage by 2040.

According to the Alliance, the launch of this seed fund can, in turn, catalyse up to five times more public and private sector investment to end plastic waste in the environment.

As the first country to establish a National Plastic Action Partnership, Indonesia has demonstrated a strong commitment to addressing the plastic waste challenge and the country is a designated priority for the Alliance.  Various projects across the archipelago will receive support. Indorama-PET -PET-flake – HeiQ – PLA

The Alliance has been cctive in the country since 2019. Its first project was Project STOP Jembrana in partnership with Systemiq, which is still operating. That project aims to develop a collection, sorting, processing, and recycling system to serve 150,000 people in the regency.

The flagship programme of the Alliance is Bersih Indonesia: Eliminasi Sampah Plastik, which has started with Phase One in Malang. Bersih Indonesia in Kabupaten Malang will establish an integrated waste management system, including household collection services for 500,000 households. The Alliance is providing a US$29 million grant to build infrastructure including five transfer stations, five materials recovery facilities, and a fleet of over 1,100 vehicles.

The focus is on diverting up to 60,000 tonnes of plastic waste from the environment by 2025; achieving a recycling rate for plastic waste of up to 50% by 2025 for its projects; and engaging with up to 2.7 million Indonesians through behavioural change programmes.

With the programme, the Alliance aims to demonstrate a financially sustainable waste management system for emerging markets that includes household collection fees; the sale of collected plastic waste material to off-takers in a competitive market; and government contribution to operating expenses. If successful, the model can be replicated nationally.

Another thrust will be to run broader education campaigns on waste management and household waste segregation to enhance waste management literacy, as well as enable better collection and sorting.

According to Jacob Duer, President and CEO of the Alliance, mobilising philanthropic financing is a key first step to develop, deploy and derisk sustainable solutions that can be scaled and replicated for greater impact.

“No one organisation can solve a challenge of this size alone. Therefore, one of our goals is to catalyse additional funding from governments and development banks as blended finance that will mobilise private funds to improve waste management and advance a circular economy for plastic,” he said.

The Alliance has also supported Systemiq’s research of an investable blended finance model for waste collection and sortation infrastructure. A white paper will be published soon. Co-developed with the Government of Indonesia, this is a first attempt at designing a viable and replicable financing scheme for waste management systems in underserved areas. Indorama-PET -PET-flake – HeiQ – PLA

“Ending plastic waste is a complex challenge that requires holistic action, underpinned by strong public-private-people collaboration to address various systemic gaps for sustainable waste management.


Alliance to End Plastic Waste commits US$36 million to Indonesian projects

-Sinarmas Cepsa signs agreement to expand bio-based chemicals production

Sinarmas Cepsa Pte Ltd (SCPL) and its parent companies, the chemicals business of CEPSA and agribusiness Golden Agri-Resources (GAR), signed an agreement to expand the production of bio-based chemicals at SCPL’s site in Lubuk Gaung, Indonesia, said Chemindigest. Indorama-PET -PET-flake – HeiQ – PLA

The site is ideally positioned to serve customers worldwide and the existing facility, which started production in 2017, is fully utilised.

SCPL has a strong ambition to grow along the fatty alcohols value chain, with sustainable development at the heart of its strategy and operations. Global demand for fatty acids and natural alcohols is driven by growing demand for home and personal care products, as well as increasing demand for sustainable, bio-based solutions across a variety of the industries SCPL serves.

The expansion is expected to advance SCPL’s growth strategy, to contribute to solving environmental challenges, including climate change, and to support sustainable farming practices in Indonesia. Pending final investment decisions, this incremental production will bring additional employment and economic benefits to the local community.

“Sustainably sourced, bio-based alternatives are key requirements for our customers and the markets we serve” says Kung Chee Wan, CEO of SCPL. Wan adds, “We are excited to grow with our customers and increase the scale of our sustainable and traceable integrated supply chains”.


Sinarmas Cepsa signs agreement to expand bio-based chemicals production

-OQ strengthens its bottles & closures portfolio with new solutions

OQ, the multifaceted Oman-based enterprise that specialises in flexible and rigid packaging solutions, continues to advance its portfolio in response to key market trends.

Specifically, the company has strengthened its presence in the bottles & closures industry with a broad offering for HDPE blow moulded bottles, and Luban EP 2348R and DNDA 8320 for closures. Moreover, new high-flow random copolymer grades like Luban RP 2251T and impact copolymer EP 2348T ideal for customised closures are on the way towards imminent launch.

Customers are seeking enhanced performance and value addition across a range of metrics. In terms of durability, there is heightened demand for superior environmental stress cracking resistance (ESCR) to protect bottles from cracks caused by the chemicals they are storing. Indorama-PET -PET-flake – HeiQ – PLA

On top of this important performance indicator, customers are looking for increased convenience, customisation, and improved aesthetics. Offering solutions to meet a range of end-uses and applications is essential. In today’s competitive environment, converters require a variety of grades to fit different bottle and closure combinations designed for B2C and B2B end users.

OQ announces to deliver more innovation across its rigid packaging portfolio in the near future. Another six grades are in development and are close to launch, which focus on high performance in bottles and customised closures fulfilling functional needs, delivering benefits across a range of parameters, including stiffness, flexibility, transparency, hinge performance and impact resistance.


OQ strengthens its bottles & closures portfolio with new solutions

Indorama-PET -PET-flake – HeiQ – PLA

Batteries-Recycling – Green-Hydrogen 17-11-2022

Batteries-Recycling – Green-Hydrogen 17-11-2022

Batteries-Recycling – Green-Hydrogen

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Because European batteries may cost less than Chinese ones
The swirling technological progress of the sector can break the balance we are used to: this is what is happening
The world of batteries, as we know, today is largely in the hands of the Asian giants. But things have already started to change. In fact, there are more and more Western big names (and startups), Europe in the lead, working to break this balance to the sound of GWh and research.
One way to conquer the sector can certainly be to be able to design batteries which, instead of rare earths and the “usual” critical raw materials, adopt cheaper and easier to find materials. Sodium and sulfur, for example, could take the place of lithium or cobalt. But not only. Batteries-Recycling – Green-Hydrogen
We need an alternative to lithium-ion
The fact is that nickel, manganese, lithium and cobalt, materials used for the lithium ion batteries that we all carry in our pockets, are in many cases controlled by Chinese companies, which before others have worked to ensure solid supply chains. Benchmark Mineral Intelligence, a British specialist consultancy, estimates that China currently accounts for 75% of the world’s cobalt refining capacity and 59% of lithium processing capacity.
Furthermore, due to the growing demand, the prices of these elements have increased significantly in the last period. This means that finding a disruptive technology can represent a huge growth opportunity.
Battery pack assembly at Volkswagen’s Battery Manufacturing Unit in Chattanooga, Tennessee
Moreover, there are also those who predict that in the coming years the automotive industry may face a shortage of supply of lithium batteries compared to the boom in demand. So, having alternatives like sodium-ion batteries or lithium-sulfur batteries could help avoid any bottlenecks.
You save up to 60%
The beauty is that with these new technologies it could be possible to have accumulators with performances similar to the current ones with cost savings of the order of 60%. To do this, clearly, research plays a fundamental role. The skills could therefore be the most important “raw materials” of Europe and the States, also in terms of recycling and reuse of batteries already produced.
Sulfur accumulators, for example, still have problems with their duration, as they degrade very quickly. Sodium ion batteries, on the other hand, still have an insufficient energy density for applications in the automotive field: to guarantee adequate mileage they would have to be too heavy and bulky. There is still a lot to do then. Batteries-Recycling – Green-Hydrogen
Lyten’s Lytcell EV lithium sulfur battery
But progress is there. Likewise, there are many startups – such as the German Theion, the British Faradion or the American Lyten – which are making great strides, also thanks to substantial and indispensable public or proven funding. A revolutionary discovery could come from these and other startups, capable of giving Europe or the United States an edge over China. However, China is not at all watching, as demonstrated by CATL, the world’s leading battery manufacturer, which says it is ready to market a sodium-ion battery as early as 2023. The game is open.
Speaking of newly developed batteries
The economic aluminum-sulfur battery is approaching: the discovery of MIT
From Texas the sodium-sulphur battery for low cost electric cars
The European sodium battery that wants to break the Chinese record
Will sodium batteries “kill” lithium? No, that’s why

Batteries-Recycling - Green-Hydrogen

-OE tire demand picks up as automotive chip shortage begins to ease

Automotive market bouncing back “quicker than expected” in US

But tire makers have mixed views about rate of recovery following two years of disruption

The global microchip shortage that has crippled the automotive industry over the past two years is seemingly easing, although major tire manufacturers have mixed views about the speed of recovery. Batteries-Recycling – Green-Hydrogen

Bridgestone, for instance, said global OE tires sales had turned to a “significant year-on-year increase” in the three months to 30 Sept on “improved vehicle production conditions” at automotive companies.

In the OE truck & bus tire segment, the Japanese group said, “demand continued to recover from the impact of semiconductor shortages from second quarter onward.”

“As production at automobile companies began to recover, demand for tires also showed signs of recovery in the third quarter,” Bridgestone added in its 10 Nov financial results statement.

Meanwhile, Pirelli also reported strong growth in the OE segment, driven by a 10% year-on-year increase in the ‘high-value’ large rim-sized tires.

According to the Italian tire maker, the gains were supported by “strong recovery in car production”, particularly due to government financial stimuli in China.

For its part, Michelin linked a 26% year-on-year increase in third quarter OE passenger car and truck tire volumes partly to ‘improvements in the semiconductor environment.’ The recovery in OE demand was seen mainly in North America and China.

Yokohama Rubber Co. (YRC) “struggled” with a number of challenges during the first nine months of 2022, including rising raw materials costs and reduced vehicle production “necessitated by the shortage of semiconductor devices.”

However, YRC also noted an overall increased OE sales during the nine-month period in both passenger car and commercial tire segments, as “automakers began to redouble production output to compensate for earlier reductions.” Batteries-Recycling – Green-Hydrogen

Likewise, Sumitomo Rubber Industries (SRI) noted sluggish OE demand in first nine months in the local Japanese market, as a result of the “ongoing production cuts at auto manufacturers, which mainly stemmed from the global shortage of semiconductors.”


Batteries-Recycling - Green-Hydrogen

-Europe has a secret weapon to become a leader in batteries
The global challenge of raw materials can be won thanks to recycling, but work must be done: the debate at the Automotive Business Summit
If China has a dominant position in the field of battery production, Europe can change its fate and establish itself as a leader by leveraging its expertise in more modern products. In the Automotive Business Summit digital conference organized by Il Sole 24 Ore, a panel wanted to take stock of the current situation and possible future developments of Made in the EU accumulators.
To photograph what is happening a series of experts who spoke about technology, support from institutions and the circular economy. But let’s go in order.
The redemption of Europe
“To counter China’s excessive power over battery production – recalled Silvia Bodoardo, professor at the Polytechnic University of Turin – we have created the European Battery Alliance, an association which aims to attack a market worth 250 billion dollars ‘year. It was created, more precisely, to encourage the development of a battery industry that creates new generation, safer, longer lasting and more sustainable products”.
In a certain sense, Europe has the task of focusing on products that are more complicated to make, but which will allow us to take a huge step forward in electric mobility. The Old Continent will have to focus on new chemical formulas and architectures that favor the recovery of precious materials. Batteries-Recycling – Green-Hydrogen
Batteries like mines
“Let’s start with a clarification – Bodoardo continued – there are no rare earths properly speaking in batteries. Those are present in the magnetos of electric motors. There are critical materials in batteries, those that are scarcely available or have a significant environmental impact. They are still present, but their use is decreasing thanks to new technologies that allow us to overcome certain obstacles. For example, cobalt is present below 3% by weight but will disappear”.
Europe will also have to optimize recycling processes. Because today exhausted accumulators (even after the second life) are still few, but in the future they will represent an indispensable resource. Bodoardo has very clear ideas on this aspect: “Today’s batteries will be the mine for tomorrow’s batteries. We look at the lead. The lead in today’s batteries is 100 years old.” The same will happen for nickel, cobalt, lithium and all other useful materials. And so, farewell also to fears about China and its raw materials.
From recycling to solid state
Sergio Iorio, managing director of Italmatch, a company operating in the chemical field, also took part in the round table. Iorio explained that Italy is working hard on the issue of recycling and selective recycling techniques have been developed which allow materials such as nickel and cobalt to be recovered in purity. In the future it will be possible to do the same with lithium, which is very similar to other elements and requires chemical methods yet to be developed.
In Italy we are also working on the solid state and trying to make a contribution to the definition of a technology that will allow us to take a big step forward on the issue of accumulators for electric cars. Batteries-Recycling – Green-Hydrogen
From theory to practice
The problem, as Simone Vellucci, director general of the Ministry of Enterprise and Made in Italy (ex Mise, to understand) underlines, is that a lot of research is done in Italy but one remains untied from production areas.
The energy storage systems made with the batteries of the Mercedes eCitaro electric buses
“Italy has received substantial research funding – explained Vannucci – but we have to work on the industrial front. The PNRR and the Automotive Fund can come to our aid, which supports the renewal of the vehicle fleet and projects related precisely to production. In total we are talking about over 8 billion euros: the tools are there, and they work, but the road is still long”.
Between circular economy and competition
Giacomo Vigna, director of Circular Economy and Policies for Eco-sustainable Development of Mimit, concluded: “In the world of batteries of the future, the circular economy plays a very important role. For this, batteries that are easy to recycle should be designed. They will be rules that must be respected by everyone”
From this point of view, we will also have to work in order to have rules of fair competition with international producers, otherwise our producers will be in difficulty. We therefore need an effective system of customs controls. Vigna said: “There is a fruitful discussion that will lead to the so-called European battery decree: a measure being defined which aims to introduce a series of guarantees on products that can be used in Europe.A minimum content of recycled materials, just to give an example. It should enter into force in 2023”.  Batteries-Recycling – Green-Hydrogen

The European battery industry:


Batteries-Recycling - Green-Hydrogen

-Saudi Aramco, Pertamina strike hydrogen and ammonia deals

Cooperation involves pre-feasibility study for development of a clean ammonia and hydrogen value chain

Saudi Aramco and Indonesia’s state-owned Pertamina have signed a deal to jointly work on projects involving the hydrogen and ammonia value chains.

Aramco in a statement on Monday said the companies signed a “memorandum of understanding (MoU) outlining future cooperation across the key pathway of the energy transition” on the sidelines of the G20 Summit in Bali, Indonesia.

The agreement “involves a pre-feasibility study that aims to assess the possibility of cooperation related to the development of a clean ammonia and hydrogen value chain”, the company noted. Batteries-Recycling – Green-Hydrogen

“The study will explore investment viability and jointly develop commercialisation options including, but not limited to, business organisation and commercial structures for clean ammonia and hydrogen in Indonesia,” Aramco said.

It added that the study is “expected to be conducted over the next two years, and depending on outcomes may be developed further”.

“It includes potential carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS) at Pertamina group’s existing facilities and other agreed potential locations,” the statement claimed.

Mohammed Y Al Qahtani, senior vice president of Aramco’s downstream business said the company’s ambition is to achieve net-zero Scope 1 and 2 greenhouse gas emissions across its wholly owned operating assets by 2050.

“Our work in developing new ammonia and hydrogen energy pathways will be pivotal in achieving that goal while helping to advance an affordable, equitable and more sustainable transition for all,” he said.

Nicke Widyawati, Pertamina president director noted the company has developed a decarbonisation programme through CCUS, and hydrogen and ammonia are expected to play a key role in a future climate-neutral economy.


Saudi Aramco, Pertamina strike hydrogen and ammonia deals

-SABIC launches new polycarbonate copolymers for photovoltaics

Petrochemical manufacturer, SABIC has launched a polycarbonate-based copolymer resin, well-suited for photovoltaic connector bodies. Batteries-Recycling – Green-Hydrogen

SABIC claims the new LNP EXL9334P copolymer resin achieves the highest comparative tracking index, delivers low-temperature ductility, good dimension stability, excellent heat resistance, good durability and weather resistance and flame retardance.

SABIC believes  this specialty resin surpasses competitive materials such as glass-reinforced nylon, polyphenylene ether (PPE) and standard PC.

SABIC’S Director of business management, Joshua Chiaw  said: “Our next-generation LNP EXL9334P resin grade, which meets stringent international standards for 1.5 kilovolt components, can facilitate adoption of this efficient, cost-effective technology. In addition to addressing changing industry requirements, this new material supports our sustainability strategy by helping to promote greater use of renewable solar energy.”

The emergence of 1.5 Kv PV systems is a major industry trend that offers efficiency improvements and potential system cost reduction. However, the transition from 1.0 Kv to 1.5 Kv systems is also leading to more-stringent performance and safety standards for all components.

Such safety measures have been a major focus for the company while developing new technology, Jenny Wang, Director, Formulation and Application said: “Developing a flame-retardant copolymer that could achieve the highest CTI level was difficult, but our experts were up to the challenge”


SABIC launches new polycarbonate copolymers for photovoltaics

-Covestro Partners with China’s Coleitec to Develop PU Composite Materials

The collaboration has already borne fruit with the development of the polyurethane (PU) HP-RTM process for mass production of an EV battery pack cover.

Materials supplier Covestro and Chinese high-tech enterprise Coleitec have signed a strategic cooperation agreement to accelerate the application development of polyurethane (PU) composite materials and further strengthen market-oriented cooperation.

Coleitec is committed to providing high-performance and lightweight composite solutions, while Covestro is the inventor of PU. Batteries-Recycling – Green-Hydrogen

The two companies launched the high-pressure reaction transfer molding (HP-RTM) PU battery pack top cover and successfully realized mass production at a major battery manufacturer. This cooperative research and development has pioneered the application of PU composites in the new energy vehicle battery pack field.

The PU battery pack top cover reportedly scores highly on mechanical properties, high temperature and humidity aging, xenon lamp aging, acid and alkali resistance, high-temperature resistance, and insulation properties. The new PU HP-RTM process is a lightweight solution that meets the requirement of “replacing steel with plastic.” Thanks to its physical properties and low density, the thinnest part of the cover measures just 0.8 mm, significantly reducing overall weight. It is 60% lighter than high-strength steel, 20% lighter than aluminum alloy, and 50% lighter than SMC composites.

The HP-RTM process employs automated layup to improve production efficiency and reduce manufacturing costs. Further, a life cycle analysis shows that the HP-RTM process reduces carbon emissions compared with the traditional metal process.

Dr. Irene Li, Covestro head of R&D at the Tailored Urethanes Business Entity in Asia Pacific said: “This is a new PU application in the field of new energy vehicles. It took us only 18 months from development to mass production, which is a gratifying achievement of Covestro and Coleitec. We believe that the strategic cooperation with Coleitec will enable more innovative PU applications to be implemented in the downstream value chain.”

Covestro and Coleitec will further cooperate under this strategic agreement, utilizing global research and development resources in the automotive industry. There are two significant areas of focus:

Increase PU performance and exploit the advantages of PU resins to expand their suitability for more applications.

Develop applications using bio-based raw materials to reduce carbon emissions and promote the circular economy. Batteries-Recycling – Green-Hydrogen

Markus Mingenbach, vice president of PU Specialties at the Tailored Urethanes Business Entity of Covestro, said: “The signing of the strategic agreement signals the beginning of a much deeper partnership between both companies. We look forward to further developing cost-efficient and tailor-made PU solutions in the domain of new energy vehicles, solar energy, and energy storage. Only through deep collaboration with foresight can we achieve our vision of a circular economy.”

Dr. Peng He, Chairman of Coleitec, said: “As a fast-growing technology-based enterprise, innovative product development is the top priority of Coleitec’s development. Through full cooperation with Covestro, we have jointly developed and expanded new applications of polyurethane materials in the field of new energy vehicles and provided innovative, functional, economical, and lightweight product solutions for end customers, giving them a sharp competitive edge over others.


Covestro Partners with China’s Coleitec to Develop PU Composite Materials

-Russia price cap could threaten India oil supplies

India would be one of the countries most exposed if Russia refuses to sell crude oil at the capped price under proposed sanctions to be imposed by the United States and the European Union, said Reuters.

In 2021, India was the world’s third-largest crude importer (214 MMt) after China (526 MMt) and the United States (305 MMt) (“Statistical review of world energy”, BP, 2022).

India and China rely on imports by tanker from the Middle East, Russia and other regions, in contrast to the United States, which receives most of its imports by pipeline from neighboring Canada. Batteries-Recycling – Green-Hydrogen

India’s domestic crude and condensate production has been stuck at 30-40 MMt per year for the last two decades, data from India’s Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas shows.

By contrast, domestic petroleum consumption has doubled to 202 MMt in 2021 from 103 MMt in 2002 (“Snapshot of India’s oil and gas data”, Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell, Nov. 10).

In the first ten months of 2022, India consumed a seasonal record 182 MMt, surpassing the previous peak of 178 million in 2019, before the pandemic.

As a lower-middle income country experiencing rapid industrialization and urbanization, India’s consumption is growing fast but its consumers are very sensitive to both price changes and the economic cycle.

Consumption has been growing by around 7% per year in the last 12 months, though there were signs of a possible slowdown to around half that rate in October.

We remind, India’s Petronet LNG plans to set up a greenfield petrochemical complex consisting of a 750,000 tonnes/year propane dehydrogenation unit (PDH), a 500,000 tonnes/year polypropylene line (PP) and other facilities for the import, storage and transfer of ethane and propane at Dahej, in western Gujarat state, said the company.


Russia price cap could threaten India oil supplies

Batteries-Recycling – Green-Hydrogen

PET-preforms – Chemical-recycling 16-11-2022

PET-preforms – Chemical-recycling 16-11-2022

PET-preforms – Chemical-recycling

-Russia-Ukraine War – The yellow of the missile that fell in Poland

– In the first moments after the impact, Warsaw immediately confirmed that the missile was “Russian-made” – then there was a phone call between Biden and Polish President Duda who turned around: “there is no unequivocal proof of the identity of the missiles” – Biden played the fireman: “it is unlikely that the missile departed from Russia, given the analysis of the trajectory” – shortly after Washington leaked the new version: it was probably an anti-aircraft missile from Ukraine – the Kremlin’s reaction: “there was an attempt by Kiev to provoke a NATO-Russia confrontation”

Poland confirms ‘Russian-made missile’ dropped

WARSAW, 16 NOV – Poland has confirmed that a “Russian-made missile” landed on its territory, killing two people. This was announced by the Warsaw Foreign Ministry. Spokesman Lukasz Jasina said in a statement that “a Russian-made missile fell, killing two Polish citizens” and that the Russian ambassador in Warsaw was summoned to provide “immediate and detailed explanations” of the incident. PET-preforms – Chemical-recycling

White House, Biden and Duda in contact on next steps

NEW YORK, NOVEMBER 15 – Joe Biden and the President of Poland Andrzej Duda will remain in close contact to “determine the appropriate next steps as the investigation proceeds”. This was stated by the White House referring to the telephone conversation between the two leaders.

Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki has appealed to the Polish population to remain calm after the fall of Russian missiles on the territory of Poland which caused the death of two people.

Poland, there is no unequivocal evidence of missile identities

WARSAW, NOVEMBER 16 – Polish President Andrzej Duda says there is no “unequivocal evidence” about who fired the missile that killed 2 people on Polish territory. “At the moment we do not have unequivocal proof of who launched this missile. An investigation is underway,” the head of state told reporters in Warsaw.

Poland: Duda, ‘difficult situation, we work with NATO’

WARSAW, NOVEMBER 16 – “In this difficult situation we are operating with prudence together with our NATO allies”: Polish President Andrzej Duda said in a brief statement released to the Polish media tonight. Duda revealed that American experts will assist Polish experts in analyzing the details of the explosion that took place in Przewodow, which claimed the lives of two Polish citizens aged between 50 and 60. The president confirmed that he had held talks with several heads of state including the American Joe Biden, the British premier Rishi Sunak and the German chancellor Olaf Scholz.

Blinken spoke to Poland’s foreign minister

NEW YORK, NOVEMBER 15 – US Secretary of State Antony Blinken spoke with his Polish counterpart Lukasz Jasina after the incident on the border with Ukraine.

Biden called for G7 emergency and NATO leaders meeting

NEW YORK, NOVEMBER 15 – US President Joe Biden has called for an emergency meeting of G7 and NATO leaders on the sidelines of the G20 after a Russian-made missile fell in Poland. The American media report it.  PET-preforms – Chemical-recycling

The talks – according to reports – are attended by Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, French President Emmanuel Macron, European Council President Charles Michel, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen, Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez, Netherlands Prime Minister Mark Rutte, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz and Italian Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni.

Biden, the missile is unlikely to have started from Russia

BALI, 16 NOV – It is “improbable” that the missile that fell in Poland came from Russia. President Joe Biden said this after the emergency meeting in Bali with allies. “This is due to the trajectory analysis but I don’t mean that a real investigation into the incident has already been completed.”

‘Missile dropped in Poland could be Ukrainian’

According to some indications, the rocket that hit a village in eastern Poland was an anti-aircraft missile from Ukraine. US President Joe Biden said so to the G7 leaders, according to Dpa. He would also have specified that it was a missile of the S-300 system.

Moscow, there was an attempt to provoke a NATO-Russia confrontation

– MOSCOW, NOVEMBER 16 – The news circulated last night on the alleged fall of Russian missiles in Poland was an attempt to “provoke a direct military confrontation between NATO and Russia, with consequences for the entire planet”. This was stated by Russia’s Deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations, Dmtry Polyansky, quoted by Tass.

Moscow, a ‘classic provocation’ from Ukraine

– MOSCOW, NOVEMBER 16 – “A classic provocation” of the “Kiev regime which dreams of provoking a direct military confrontation between NATO and Russia to save Ukraine from inevitable defeat”. Thus, in a tweet, the Russian Deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations, Dmitry Polyansky, defined the accusations made against Moscow by Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky for the missiles that fell in Poland.

Medvedev, the West is approaching a world war

MOSCOW, 16 NOV – The accusations against Russia for the missiles that fell on Poland prove that “by fighting a hybrid war against Russia, the West is approaching a world war”. Former Russian President Dmitry Medvedev wrote on Twitter. The Tax reports it.

Sources, Poland has not invoked Article 4 of NATO

BALI, NOVEMBER 16 – Poland – according to what we learn – has not yet invoked article 4 of NATO. Article 4 of the Washington Treaty provides that “the Parties shall consult each other whenever, in the opinion of either of them, the territorial integrity, political independence or security of any of the Parties is threatened”. It is not known at the moment if he intends to do it later. PET-preforms – Chemical-recycling

Scholz, wait for the investigation into Poland, remain objective

BERLIN, 16 NOV – On the missiles exploded in Poland “the result of the investigation must be awaited”. This was stated by German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, speaking at the end of the G20 summit in Bali. According to the Bundeskanzler, it was “right and important that today there was a quick meeting of the NATO countries here”. “It is important that we have made it clear that all this would not have happened if Russia had not carried on the war against Ukraine and without the strong offensive against infrastructure. But we must remain objective”, concluded the chancellor.

Russia-Ukraine War - The yellow of the missile that fell in Poland

– The probability of a technical recession in the Euro area has increased

– ECB Vice-President Luis de Guindos communicates it: “the vulnerability of more indebted households, businesses and governments is increasing in the Eurozone and, if the outlook worsens further, an increase in corporate defaults can no longer be ruled out, especially for energy-intensive companies” – the invitation to governments to “ensure that aid to vulnerable sectors is targeted, and does not interfere with the normalization of monetary policy”

ECB: towards recession, more financial stability risks

Risks to financial stability in the euro area “have increased” amid energy shocks, high inflation and low growth and with financial conditions tightening. The ECB writes it in the November Financial Stability Report. “The likelihood of a technical recession in the euro area has increased,” said ECB Vice President Luis de Guindos in a statement.

ECB: more risk of company default, aid must be selective

– The vulnerability of the most indebted households, businesses and governments is increasing in the euro area and “if the prospects worsen further, an increase in the frequency of corporate defaults can no longer be ruled out, especially for energy-intensive companies”. The ECB writes it in its Financial Stability Report, inviting Governments to “ensure that aid to vulnerable sectors is targeted, and does not interfere with the normalization of monetary policy”. PET-preforms – Chemical-recycling

ECB, urgent regulation of non-bank finance

In the non-bank financial sector, “persistent vulnerabilities” are emerging that require “strong attention” from the supervisory authorities: “regulation progress is urgently needed” to increase the solidity of the sector, and “manage liquidity and financial leverage mismatches”.

PET-preforms - Chemical-recycling

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Coca Cola – From drinks to preforms
The Coca-Cola plant in Gaglianico, in the province of Biella, reopens, redeveloped to print nine different types of preforms for rPET bottles.
The new Coca-Cola HBC Italia center for the treatment of rPET flakes and the molding of preforms destined to become bottles for the group’s drinks was inaugurated in recent days in Gaglianco, in the province of Biella, with an annual treatment capacity around 30 thousand tons per year. The redevelopment of the site – which in the past produced drinks, but had now been closed for eight years – involved an investment of more than 30 million euros, part of the 100 million invested by Coca-Cola HBC in Italy in recent years.
The Piedmontese plant covers a total area of ​​18,000 m2 – of which 6,000 for production and 12,000 m2 for storage -, is entirely powered by electricity from renewable sources and will employ around forty people when fully operational. PET-preforms – Chemical-recycling
Since July 2022, production has been in a continuous cycle seven days a week with shifts covering 24 hours. The production department is divided into three areas: in the first, in one ton big bags, the flakes of post-consumer recycled PET are received, already washed but not yet usable in contact with food. Here they undergo an initial selection treatment which eliminates any impurities, and are then stored in five silos, each with a capacity of 80 cubic metres.
In the second area we proceed with the crystallization and drying of the material. Then, two decontamination reactors eliminate the potentially present polluting substances: the material is brought to approximately 290°C, passing from the solid state to the liquid state and then subjected to a filtration and vacuum process. The food grade flakes are extruded and transformed into granules which, once cooled, are sent to three silos with a capacity of 80 cubic metres. PET-preforms – Chemical-recycling
In the third area of ​​the factory, the preforms are molded using three injection presses: two with a 400-ton clamping force and a 96-cavity mold and one of 500 tons with a 128-cavity mold. To guarantee the consumer, over 4,700 quality checks are carried out in the laboratories every day.
Of the 31 million euros invested in the plant, 27 were used for the purchase and installation of material treatment equipment, extruders, presses, molds, and IT systems, while the remaining 4 million were used for the restructuring of the plant, mainly construction works, electrical part and fire system.
The new Biella factory can produce 9 different types of preforms (in the photo below), both for carbonated and still drinks, with a weight ranging from 17 to 44.7 grams for bottles with capacities from 0.4 to two litres, thus covering the entire requirement of Coca-Cola HBC Italia.
The preforms are packaged in octabins and stored in the warehouse of the Gaglianico plant. From here they take the road to the Coca-Cola HBC Italia production sites in Nogara (VR), Oricola (AQ) and Marcianise (CE), where they are blown to be transformed into bottles.
“We want to continue to invest and do our part both to move towards a real circular economy in the country and to contribute to the development of innovative projects in a territory to which we are particularly linked, despite the difficulties in our sector linked to the increase in the cost of raw materials and energy – said Frank O’Donnell, General Manager of Coca-Cola HBC Italia at the ribbon-cutting ceremony – . This renovated plant demonstrates that giving companies the opportunity to do business and invest allows them to innovate and be more sustainable, unlike taxation which instead blocks any possibility of development”.


PET-preforms - Chemical-recycling

-Eastman to provide PepsiCo with recycled PET

Chemical recycler Eastman will be supplying PepsiCo with processed PET under a new offtake agreement.

Material will come from Eastman’s third planned PET chemical recycling facility in the U.S., the location of which has not yet been announced, according to a report from energy market analysis firm ICIS, which cited Eastman’s third quarter earnings information.

Eastman did not provide exact volumes but noted the facility will come on-line by the end of 2026.

“Eastman did confirm that the third methanolysis facility will have a planned input capacity of 160,000 tonnes/year of hard to recycle PET waste and a planned output capacity of over 150,000 tonnes/year,” the ICIS report stated.

Eastman unveiled its methanolysis process in 2019, which targets hard-to-recycle plastics by reducing them to their component monomers using methanol at fairly high temperatures.

Eastman’s Q3 prepared remarks called the agreement “an important milestone for Eastman’s circular economy platform.”

“We are looking forward to making progress on this and our other two molecular recycling projects in the coming quarters as we continue to prove to the world what is possible,” the statement said. PET-preforms – Chemical-recycling

The company’s Kingsport, Tenn. facility will be finished at the end of the first quarter of 2023, the statement said, and its Port-Jerome-sur-Seine, France facility will be operational by 2025. Eastman has a feedstock supply agreement with InterZero for the French facility. Several other companies, including P&G, have said they will use Eastman’s material.


PET-preforms - Chemical-recycling

-INVISTA site in South Carolina breaks ground on new polymer facility

Today the INVISTA nylon site in South Carolina hosted a groundbreaking ceremony for its new nylon polymer facility, a milestone that represents the site’s transformation to a global nylon 6,6 production facility. The highly anticipated 90,000-square-foot facility is part of a $64 million investment over two years to enhance the site’s polymer and CORDURA® fiber spinning production. It will include nine loading docks, twenty-two storage/packaging silos and bulk loading capabilities.

“Kershaw County would like to congratulate INVISTA on their decision to retool their facility which provides well-paying jobs for our citizens. INVISTA is famous in Kershaw County for decades of community partnership and this is yet another example that Kershaw County is a great place to live, work and raise families,” said Julian Burns, Chairman of Kershaw County Council.

With a strong demand for nylon polymer products, the new facility will allow the site to increase production volume of polymer to new markets, deliver newly developed polymers to the market, implement future volume expansion opportunities, and have the flexibility to meet customers’ individual packaging needs. PET-preforms – Chemical-recycling

“We are excited to be one step closer to the transformation of the Camden site into one of INVISTA’s global nylon 6,6 production facilities. Our vision is built on decades of knowledge around polymer development, the flexibility to meet our customers’ needs and the strength of our teams to be world class in our operations. This transformation allows us to grow and meet the future needs of our global customers along with continued support of our local community,” said Jay Johnson, site manager.

The project is in partnership with KATOEN NATIE Specialty Chemicals USA Inc with completion expected in 2024.


INVISTA site in South Carolina breaks ground on new polymer facility

-NERC reports recycled commodities prices plunge in New England

As prices for commodities have fallen in the third quarter, processing costs have risen.

Recycled commodities prices have fallen in New England, according to a report published by the Northeast Recycling Council (NERC).

While the prices for recycled commodities plummeted from the second quarter to the third quarter, processing costs have risen, reports the Brattleboro, Vermont, organization.

Prices for recycled materials with no residuals have fallen 61 percent to $109.94 per ton since NERC’s second quarter report when the price was $180.73 per ton.

NERC also reports a 41 percent decline in prices for materials including residuals. The average price during the third quarter was $100.07 per ton, down from $169.75 per ton during the second quarter.

Meanwhile, processing costs—the cost to sort and prepare commodities for sale—have increased 9 percent from the second quarter, says NERC. The cost rose to an average of $93 per ton from $85 per during the second quarter.

The processing costs seem to shift significantly from quarter to quarter, NERC adds.

NERC’s report includes survey results from 12 material recovery facilities (MRFs) across eight New England states. PET-preforms – Chemical-recycling

Among the respondents to NERC’s survey that serves as a basis for the report are single-stream, dual stream and source-separated MRFs. These survey results reflect differing laws and collection options in the participating states. Five of the states have beverage container deposit laws. As a result, fewer glass bottles, polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles and aluminum cans are processed in MRFs in those states. Those MRFs are also likely to have less revenue from those recyclables.


NERC reports recycled commodities prices plunge in New England

-“Artificial Leaf” To Produce Green Hydrogen

The green hydrogen market has been taking off like a rocket, thanks mainly to the availability of low-cost wind and solar power for water electrolysis. Researchers are not resting on their laurels, though. The race is on to mimic nature’s own high-efficiency hydrogen production system, aka photosynthesis. It has been a long road, but the dream of an “artificial leaf” is finally beginning to take shape.

Many Roads To Green Hydrogen

To be clear, fossil energy resources still dominate the global hydrogen market. Not for long. Alternative sources are surging into the market, with plain old water is in the lead.

So far, most of the sustainable H2 activity has focused on electrolysis, in which renewable energy generates an electrical current that jolts hydrogen gas from  water.

That’s a giant step up the sustainability ladder. However, electrolysis does require the conversion of renewable resources to electricity. With plenty of other users are crowding the field, hydrogen stakeholders will have to elbow their way into the competition for wind and solar power. PET-preforms – Chemical-recycling

One way to make more elbow room is to improve the efficiency of electrolysis systems. However, the pressure to deploy wind and solar resources for other uses will continue to persist as the climate crisis grows worse.

Another way to relieve the pressure is to develop alternative pathways for sustainable hydrogen, such as gas from organic matter or industrial wastes.

A human-made photosynthesis system would add a powerful new tool to the alternative green hydrogen toolkit, partly because it could provide a workaround to the site selection issues that can obstruct solar development.

Across the pond, for example, a research team at the University of Cambridge is preparing to market a low cost, durable artificial leaf. Their device can be floated on canals and other bodies of water, as a land-conserving alternative to solar arrays.

What Is The Artificial Leaf?

The idea of an artificial leaf first hit the CleanTechnica radar in 2011, when we noted Harvard professor Daniel Nocera’s work on a low cost, solar powered, sustainable H2 system that could be down-scaled for home use in off-grid communities.

Water electrolysis has grabbed practically all of the media spotlight since then, but artificial leaf research has continued apace.

The basic idea behind the artificial leaf sounds simple enough. You simply fabricate a specialized solar cell called a photoelectrochemical cell, dip it in a water-based solution, and expose it to light, thereby recreating the chemical reactions in natural photosynthesis.

Depending on who’s talking, the class of photoelectrochemical cells includes two subsets, only one of which is used in direct solar-to-hydrogen production. However, we’ll follow the lead of the US Department of Energy, keep things simple, and stick with the general term photoelectrochemical. If you have an issue with that, take it up in the comment thread.

Why Is The Artificial Leaf?

Either way, it’s fair to ask why bother to produce green hydrogen with photoelectrochemical systems, if we already have water electrolysis.

Artificial leaf researchers point out that the efficiency of an electrolysis system is just one piece of the green hydrogen puzzle. The other is the efficiency of the energy inputs. When compared to electricity sourced from solar cells, the artificial leaf approach is far more efficient.

Purdue University researcher Yulia Pushkar summed it up in press release last year, when she said that “there are not fundamental physical limitations” with artificial photosynthesis. PET-preforms – Chemical-recycling

“You can very easily imagine a system that is 60% efficient because we already have a precedent in natural photosynthesis. And if we get very ambitious, we could even envision a system of up to 80% efficiency,” Pushkar added.

In contrast, the average solar conversion efficiency of solar cells is still within the area of 20%. Specialized versions can go much higher, but they are also much more expensive than those in general use.

NREL Eyeballs Artificial Leaf For Green Hydrogen

Photoelectrochemical hydrogen production still isn’t ready for the market. Researchers know how to duplicate the reactions in photosynthesis, but durability has been an obstacle. They haven’t yet figured out how Mother Nature keeps all her balls up in the air for an extended period of time.

The main problem is that the semiconductors used in photoelectrochemical cells are corroded by the water-based solution. The Energy Department, for one, is anticipating that the durability issue is solvable.

“PEC [photoelectrochemical] water splitting is a promising solar-to-hydrogen pathway, offering the potential for high conversion efficiency at low operating temperatures using cost-effective thin-film and/or particle semiconductor materials,” the agency explains on its website, while noting that “continued improvements in efficiency, durability, and cost are still needed for market viability.”

To help move things along, the Energy Department has come up with a set of best practices, developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The guidelines were recently published in the journal Frontiers in Energy Research under the title, “Best practices in PEC: How to reliably measure solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of photocathodes.”

“The article spells out the path so that all laboratories can follow a uniformity of experimental practices, beginning with the materials needed for the fabrication of photoelectrodes,” NREL explained in a press release last week.

Green Hydrogen Is Not Waiting Around For Your Artificial Leaf

If you’re wondering why water electrolysis took off so quickly while direct solar-to-hydrogen technology is still waiting for its closeup, that’s a good question.

Part of the answer probably lies in the historical record. Water electrolysis is a centuries-old technology that can trace its roots back to 1789. Water electrolysis has had plenty opportunities for fine-tuning in other applications, including the production of oxygen on the International Space Station. It just never made much sense as a hydrogen production pathway until solar cells and wind turbines began to power the global economy

In contrast, NREL points out that the artificial leaf is a relatively new development. According to the lab, a description of photoelectrochemical water-splitting did not show up in a scientific publication until 1972.

NREL cites itself as a good example of the need to establish standards and best practices in a new field of research. In 1998 NREL reported that it set a solar-to-hydrogen efficiency record of 12.4%, making it the first research institution to cross the 10% barrier. However, in 2016 the lab had to correct that figure downwards after determining that the experiment had been over-illuminated. PET-preforms – Chemical-recycling

With more sophisticated tools in hand, an NREL research team set a new record of 16.2% efficiency in solar-to-hydrogen conversion in 2017. That could come close to doing the trick. The Energy Department is aiming for 25%, efficiency, but an NREL analysis suggests that solar-to-hydrogen systems could be economically competitive without hitting that target.


“Artificial Leaf” To Produce Green Hydrogen

-Solvay and Orbia join forces to create a Joint Venture in North America to supply critical materials to the battery market

Joint venture will create the largest PVDF production facility for battery materials in the region. The total investment is estimated around 850 million USD, partially funded by a grant to Solvay from the U.S. Department of Energy for a total of 178 million USD.

Solvay and Orbia today announced their entry into a joint venture framework agreement to create a partnership for the production of suspension-grade polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF), creating the largest capacity in North America.

With more than half of U.S. car sales projected to be electric by 2030, demand for lithium-ion batteries and PVDF, a thermoplastic fluoropolymer used as a lithium-ion binder and separator coating, is revving up. PET-preforms – Chemical-recycling

The Solvay-Orbia joint venture would fill a significant supply gap and will build upon favorable regulatory conditions promoting regional production and material security. Solvay, a global leader in PVDF, brings process technology and unparalleled global market know-how to this venture. With a vertically-integrated value chain and material holdings, Orbia’s Fluorinated Solutions business Koura and Polymer Solutions business Vestolit will supply hydrofluoric acid, vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) and chlorine respectively. In combination, Solvay’s Solef® PVDF innovations and Orbia’s raw material assets and production expertise will enable delivery of PVDF that optimizes energy storage efficiency by increasing battery energy-density, safety and power.

The total investment is estimated to be around $850 million, and is expected to be funded in part by a grant awarded by the U.S. Department of Energy of $178 million to Solvay to build a facility in Augusta, Georgia. Solvay and Orbia intend to use two production sites, one for raw materials and the other for finished product, located in the southeastern United States. Both plants are expected to be fully operational by 2026. Commencement of the joint venture is subject to finalizing and entering into definitive agreements between the parties and satisfaction of customary conditions, including obtaining regulatory approvals.


Solvay and Orbia join forces to create a Joint Venture in North America to supply critical materials to the battery market

PET-preforms – Chemical-recycling

Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester 15-11-2022

Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester 15-11-2022

Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester

-The world population has exceeded 8 billion, according to an official United Nations estimate.
It will reach 9 billion in 2037. A “milestone” in the history of humanity that presents challenges especially for the poorest countries
The world population, on 15 November 2022, passed the milestone of 8 billion inhabitants. This is revealed by a UN estimate, which warns, in the midst of COP27, of “our shared responsibility to take care of our planet”. For the UN, the “unprecedented growth” is the result of “a gradual increase in the duration of life thanks to progress in public health, nutrition, hygiene and medicine”, but also of the “high levels of fertility” of some countries”.
In 1950 the global population stood at 2.5 billion people, rising to about 7 billion in 2010. It took 12 years for it to grow to 8 billion and now the UN estimates that another 15 will be needed to reach 9 billion in 2037 “A sign – write the United Nations in a note – that the population growth rate is slowing down”. Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester

The challenge for the poorest countries 

It is the United Nations itself that underlines how the demographic boom also represents a social and economic challenge for the southern hemisphere. Countries with the highest fertility rates tend to be those with the lowest per capita income, meaning that population growth has been concentrated in the most fragile economies, largely in sub-Saharan Africa. The exploit of births, explains the UN, can compromise the achievement of the “green agenda” of the Sustainable Development Goals.
In any case, the UN points out, the main driver for “unsustainability” is not population growth, but income growth. Countries with the highest per capita levels of natural resource consumption and CO2 emissions tend to be those with the highest per capita incomes, not those with the fastest growing population. The achievement of the objectives enshrined in the Paris Agreement, the text that sets limits to the increase in temperatures, depends on cutting “unsustainable models of production and consumption”, even if a slowdown in population growth can reduce the environmental impact in the second mid century.

The world population has exceeded 8 billion, according to an official United Nations estimate.

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Ingenia Polymers, IKA Group form JV for PVC additives

Headquartered in the Houston area, the venture will develop, produce and commercialize stabilizers and other additives for the PVC industry in North America.

Material suppliers Ingenia Polymers and IKA Group have formed a 50/50 joint venture to make and sell stabilizers and other additives for the PVC industry in North America.

The new JV will be located in the Houston area, where Ingenia is headquartered, the companies said in an Oct. 20 news release. Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester

“After forming IKA Group in 2020 via a management buy-in, this important investment marks the next milestone for our ambitious international growth strategy,” IKA CEO Alexander Hofer said in the release.

IKA Group vice president Tony Butt will serve as president and chief executive of the new venture, the release said. He has more than 30 years of experience in stabilizers and other PVC additives. Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester

“The teaming up of Ingenia and IKA is a perfect combination, as both groups enrich each other and will allow broad synergies,” Butt said.

Operations for the new JV are expected to begin in early 2023.

Ingenia was founded by John Lefas in 1986, under the original named WedTech Inc. Ingenia makes compounds as well as white, black, and colour masterbatches, and slip, antiblock, antioxidants, antistat and antifog additives, processing aids, ultraviolet stabilizers, and flame retardants.

Plastic-Recycling - PSF-Polyester

-Beyond the bottle: Solutions for recycling challenging plastics

As demand for recycled content accelerates and the economics of recycling reaches a new level, there is an opportunity to bring challenging plastics into the recycling stream.

Although demand for recycled plastics continues to accelerate—driven, in part, by commitments from brand owners to incorporate recycled content into their products—the US Environmental Protection Agency indicates that the US recycling rate remains at around 9 percent.1 Together, several factors limit US recycling: consumer behavior, lack of access to recycling, the sortation of challenging plastics, and insufficient recycling capacity.2

Here, we focus on an important opportunity to resolve challenges regarding the sortation of so-called challenging plastics, which refers to non-bottle packaging materials such as films and flexible items, foams, and small-format items. Films, in particular, are sought by recyclers for use as feedstock for new technologies called “advanced recycling.”3 Although significant quantities of challenging plastics are available from the waste-management industry, only a limited volume is actually recycled today because of market disconnect: the quality of material available does not meet the input requirements for recyclers.

Although significant quantities of challenging plastics are available from the waste-management industry, only a limited volume is actually recycled today because of market disconnect. Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester

This article outlines an opportunity to deploy a new generation of secondary sorting facilities, also called feedstock preparation facilities (FPFs), to resolve this market disconnect and enable a significant step forward in US plastic recycling. Our conclusion is that demand for recycled plastics is strong, there are large volumes of untapped feedstock available to meet this demand, and price premiums for recycled material make the economics attractive for the entire value chain to invest to collect and process this material to produce high-quality circular plastics.

Recycling rates for post-use plastic packaging are not equal

Today, there is a wide range in the recycling rates of different plastics and forms of plastic. Plastic bottles and other large, rigid packaging forms—typically polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and high-density polyethylene (HDPE)—have the highest recycling rates of all plastics at 20 percent or more .

PET and HDPE bottles (for example, water bottles, milk jugs, and shampoo bottles) are widely accepted in household curbside recycling programs alongside paper, metal, and glass. Consequently, these bottles have stable systems in place for recovery, such as being easily sorted in material recycling facilities (MRFs), which can manage single-stream recyclables with automated sorters.

Other packaging segments, such as films, bags, and other food service items, which are largely made from polyethylene (PE), have recycling rates of less than 10 percent. Films and flexibles have low acceptance rates in curbside or residential programs and are mostly recovered by commercial back-of-store collection. Of the approximately 35 million metric tons (MT) of post-use plastics generated every year in the United States, these challenging forms of plastic packaging—such as PE films, multilayered packaging, thermoforms, foams, and small rigids—account for around eight metric tons per annum (MTPA). This plastic could serve as feedstock for recyclers but today remains largely untapped.

Market disconnect for films and flexibles

There is strong demand for recycled plastics, especially from consumer packaged goods (CPG) companies that need to use post-use plastics to meet recycling commitments. On this point, many CPG companies have committed to shifting 15 to 50 percent of their portfolios to be recycled plastics—in some cases, as soon as 2025 or 2030.4

This demand is evidenced by premiums for recycled plastics—especially for high-quality grades used in packaging, such as natural HDPE. Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester

Despite this demand, low recycling rates for films and flexible-plastic material persist, and many programs do not collect these materials. Of the approximately 500 MRFs in the United States today, 20 to 30 percent have some capability to handle plastic films. These MRFs could produce what is known as a “MRF film bale”; however, the majority choose not to because of a perceived lack of an end market.

The disconnect is likely due to the quality of post-use plastic bales. Today, the quality of MRF film bales is typically low. Some are composed of 50 to 70 percent PE or polypropylene (PP); 10 to 20 percent other undesired plastics, such as PET or polyvinyl chloride (PVC); and 10 to 30 percent nonplastic materials, such as paper, metal, or food residues. The composition of the bales is also highly inconsistent, with high variability over time and by source, making it difficult to use them in downstream processing.

Downstream recyclers, even in more flexible advanced-recycling processes, require purity levels of 80 to 90 percent or higher. Mechanical recyclers require even higher-quality plastics, such as film grades of B or A/A+ in which clear PE is required to be more than 95 or 99 percent pure, respectively.

The quality and volume mismatch between supply (MRFs) and demand (advanced recyclers or CPGs) has resulted in market disconnect. On the one hand, there are plenty of unused low-quality flexible bales that go to landfills; on the other hand, there is limited feedstock to scale advanced recycling. Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester

How to increase post-use plastics recovery

To resolve the market disconnects caused by mismatched quality of feedstock, the plastics recycling industry can invest in FPFs to upgrade the quality of bales. FPFs could serve to aggregate and upgrade plastic waste to meet the specifications of downstream processors. Premiums for recycled plastic enable reinvestment-level returns at each step. Building out this system will require collaboration between the (advanced) recycling industry and the waste industry. This proposed solution is outlined in more detail below.

Cleaning the waste stream by removing contaminants

To improve the quality of feedstock, the plastics recycling industry could invest in FPFs to increase polyolefin content to meet the specifications for advanced recycling and aggregate volume from MRFs to feed advanced recyclers. FPFs can also deploy sorters—for example, ballistics, eddy current, magnet, or optical—to remove other plastics and contaminants and can tailor the physical representation of the feedstock to the needs of each recycling facility, such as deploying shredding, densification, or extrusion to alter the physical form of feedstock to meet the requirements of specific recycling facilities.5

Moving forward, FPFs can redirect MRF films that would otherwise end up in a landfill, and the 20 to 30 percent of MRFs able to handle flexible films can begin to deploy their capabilities. After these MRF capacities are fully used, the industry can invest in additional MRF upgrades, such as new ballistic or optical sorters, to accept more films from residential and small commercial sources.

These changes require additional investment and create tiers of costs by source and method of recovery . Initially, low-cost post-use film can be recovered from large and midsize commercial sources through front-of-store consumer drop-offs and back-of-store baling. Construction of FPFs to upgrade films from MRFs would represent the next tier of cost. Other costs could stem from upgrading MRFs and building FPFs. Finally, some sources, such as rural locations, have no access to recycling, and providing access would require larger investments, such as purchasing new trucks or developing MRFs.

Supporting additional sortation costs through premiums for recycled plastic

Additional sortation would incur higher costs for post-use plastic feedstock than advanced recyclers have historically paid. Our research shows that the waste-management industry could supply films from commercial sources at less than $200 per MT, but demand increases could raise costs up to $300 to $500 per MT as more expensive tiers of plastic waste are required to meet demand (see sidebar “How feedstock preparation facilities can succeed”). Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester

Over the past three years, however, the premium paid for recycled plastic compared with virgin material has been high—more than $1,500 per MT—and is more than enough to cover the additional sortation costs described above. These premiums can be passed across the value chain to encourage investment in upgrading the quality of bales.

Supporting collaboration between waste players and chemical players

The plastics recycling industry (including chemical producers) and waste-management industry can work together to scale recycling of these challenging plastics. Chemical players have the downstream assets and product portfolios; waste-management companies own the post-use plastic materials and are best positioned to deploy sortation technologies. To some extent, these companies are able to deploy such technologies today, though they do not yet have the economic incentives to do so.

As the demand for recycling films continues to grow, the plastics recycling industry can work with the waste-management industry to tap into broader sources of feedstock.

The chemical industry, in particular, can help signal a strong and growing demand for feedstock and can help to finance the mobilization of the waste-management industry, through either direct capital investment or offtake arrangements. This could help build confidence with the waste-management industry, which could then encourage further investment. Beyond just chemical producers and waste management, support from consumers, packaging converters, brand owners, and policy makers will be required to ensure success. Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester


Plastic-Recycling - PSF-Polyester

-Solid progress at second Ingeo plant

Site will have an annual capacity of 75,000 tons and produce the full portfolio of Ingeo grades.

NatureWorks, the world’s leading manufacturer of low-carbon polylactic acid (PLA) biopolymers made from renewable resources, has selected TTCL as the general contractor for procurement, construction, commissioning, and startup support services for its new Ingeo PLA manufacturing complex in Thailand. Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester

The new facility is designed to be fully integrated and will include production of lactic acid, lactide and polymer. Located on the Nakhon Sawan Biocomplex (NBC) in Nakhon Sawan Province, the manufacturing site will have an annual capacity of 75,000 tons of Ingeo biopolymer and will produce the full portfolio of Ingeo grades.

In June 2022, site preparation for the new facility was completed and NatureWorks signed an agreement with Sino Thai Engineering and Construction (STECON) to begin early-works construction for piling, underground piping, storm water management and tank foundations. Currently underway, the early-works construction progress keeps completion of the facility on schedule for the second half of 2024. Plastic- Recycling – PSF-Polyester

“We are pleased to see the continued progress on the construction of our second Ingeo manufacturing complex that will help us address the increasing global market demand for sustainable materials,” said Steve Bray, VP of operations at NatureWorks. “With the selection of TTCL as our general contractor, we are looking forward to leveraging their expertise in executing large, highly technical capital projects in Thailand.”

NatureWorks expects to hold a cornerstone laying ceremony to honour the progress of site construction in February 2023.

In 2021, NatureWorks first announced the authorisation for initiating its global capacity expansion plan beginning with its second Ingeo biopolymer manufacturing facility. It became the first company to produce PLA biopolymers at commercial scale in 2002. NatureWorks expanded its flagship facility in Blair, Nebraska, to an annual total capacity of 150,000 metric tons in 2013.


Plastic-Recycling - PSF-Polyester

-Switzerland’s Heberlein to showcase products at ITME 2022

Swiss fabric manufacturer Heberlein is set to participate in India International Textile Machinery Exhibitions (ITME) 2022, which will be held in Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, from December 8–13, 2022. Visitors can hear first-hand about the latest product developments—as well as the company’s partner in India—at Heberlein’s booth 11F20 in hall 11.

Heberlein is known worldwide as a leading provider of air-interlacing and air-texturing jets for synthetic filament yarns. It is also a favourite brand in the Indian man-made yarn community, according to a press release. That position was achieved with the help of an excellent local partner and it is a story that Heberlein staff will share with visitors to the upcoming ITME show. Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester 

Heberlein’s history began in 1835 with a big idea and growing enthusiasm for the textile industry. The Swiss company had become well established in the European textile industry as a pioneer in mercerised yarns. Later, a kind of artificial silk known as Helanca, was developed in its laboratories. The final global breakthrough was the development of false-twist texturing machines. Heberlein’s continuing business success made expansion the logical next step, spanning many decades of technological and market growth.

As part of a programme to expand its sales territory into new regions, Heberlein started in India in 1990. A priority was to identify the right partner to ensure a successful market launch. Looking back now, Heberlein is delighted that its search led to Vivek Dhawan, a Bachelor of Textile graduate from Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (VJTI), Mumbai. Dhawan immediately mounted a tireless effort to run trials all over India with intermingling jets. Customers were soon convinced of the benefits of Heberlein products, especially in Gujarat state where 90 per cent of India’s polyester yarn business is located.

Airotex LLP, the agency representing Heberlein in India, was founded by Dhawan at a time when manufacturers were switching from sizing to intermingled yarn for use in both warp and weft. Texturing was quite new then and producers saw intermingled yarn as a way to avoid the costly process of sizing. As Heberlein’s exclusive partner, Airotex LLP had both the sophisticated solution and the latest technology at hand.

Some Indian customers already knew Heberlein as a spare parts supplier. In components for ARCT/Lohia machines, the quality of spares like spinnerets and Vulkollan rolls supplied by Heberlein was regarded as the best. Later, when intermingling became fully established in the market, the Heberlein name stood out.

For Airotex LLP customers, there are great benefits to be had from in-plant trials of various Heberlein products, carried out by experienced Heberlein staff. These trials help existing and potential customers to evaluate results in terms of interlacing density, level of stability, regularity, or air consumption. The knowledgeable Heberlein support team can recommend the ideal products for specific processes. Such activities build a solid relationship of trust with the clients. And through Airotex LLP, customers benefit from continuous updates on Heberlein’s latest product developments.

Man-made yarn production in India has a 30-year history. In the 1990s, the market started to develop but it was the introduction of intermingling technology which provided the real boost for filament yarn. The market was seeking a definitive shift from sizing to air intermingling, so Heberlein—as a pioneer in air-influenced products—was a perfect partner in the new and growing texturing industry. Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester

“Indian customers appreciate technology from Heberlein for the modification and treatment of synthetic yarns, particularly filament yarns,” said Vivek Dhawan, partner of Airotex LLP.

During the past three decades, Heberlein has been pre-eminent with innovative products such as air-interlacing or air-texturing jets for POY/FDY, AirSplicers, suction guns, or cutting heads for polyester staple fibre (PSF) plants.

The most popular products are air-interlacing jets for all deniers from 50 to 1,500 on texturing machines. In texturing jets for 50 to 3,000 den yarn, the company has a virtual monopoly.

Heberlein continuously invests in R&D, with sophisticated, original, and inspiring products and solutions. The company’s success is based on innovation and on customer trust, as Heberlein empowers business success. Knowledge and confidence have both grown, founded on 100 years of expertise. Today, customers rely on Heberlein solutions to meet the toughest processing needs—and create genuine added value. The Heberlein name is a seal of quality, with products renowned for durability, technology, and optimal cost-benefit ratio.


Plastic-Recycling - PSF-Polyester

-Russian scientists have created antibacterial cotton wool

A source in the Russian Ministry of Education and Science said that scientists added zinc oxide and titanium nanoparticles to cotton fabric and obtained antibacterial cotton fabric.

It should be noted that nanoparticles of some metal oxides effectively suppress the vital activity of drug-resistant bacteria and fungi and, at the same time, are harmless to humans.

To increase the durability and stability of this antibacterial coating, the researchers used ultrasonic curing technology. Because this method ensures uniform distribution and spreading of nanoparticles over the surface, and also allows its wide application and low cost. Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester

The researchers note that the addition of nanoparticles to cotton fabric did not change its consumer properties, and these nanoparticles can withstand at least 20 washing cycles.

The treated cotton fabric has been successfully tested on the outskirts of Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, where high temperatures and humidity create favorable conditions for bacteria to thrive.

“The number of microorganisms on these tissues for three months was 30-100 times lower than in untreated tissues,” says Varvara Veselova, researcher at the Laboratory for Synthesis of Functional Materials and Processing of Mineral Raw Materials at the Institute of Inorganic General Chemistry. Microorganisms present on the fabrics during the test period indicated that unicellular fungi were the main cause of tissue deterioration in tropical climates, but zinc oxide was found to be an excellent fungicide as the treated fabric remained 20 percent stronger than raw fabric.

The researchers note that the processed cotton fabric can be used in the field of medicine and in the production of clothing.

Source: newspaper.ru


Russian scientists have created antibacterial cotton wool

-Here’s Why Recycling Plastic Isn’t a Panacea

Hi, it’s Dasha in London. The world’s plastic mountain keeps growing, with ugly consequences for the planet and those who inhabit it. I’ve been looking into why pinning all hopes on recycling may not be the way forward. But first…

Today’s must-reads

  • At least 500,000 British workers have dropped out of the labor market due to poor health since the start of the pandemic.
  • Elon Musk’s first email to Twitter staff says `no way to sugarcoat the message.’ Remote work is over.
  • The shrunken Mississippi river slows US food exports, just when the world needs them the most.

Here’s the rub with recycled plastics

As a reporter covering the world’s largest packaged-goods companies and their efforts to reduce the use of plastic, I have often wondered why I’m still seeing so many of the same old soda bottles around. Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester

Switching to mostly recycled plastic might give bottles a cloudy look, but surely consumers could be persuaded to accept that in the name of saving the environment?

Here’s the rub, though: one of the lesser known challenges facing companies is that the recycling can cause some serious health risks.

That helps explain why most of the planet’s biggest plastic users look almost certain to miss a target of only using reusable, recyclable or compostable packaging by 2025, according to a report this month by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation and the UN Environment Program.

In fact, the report shows Coca-Cola Co., a controversial sponsor of the COP27 climate summit currently under way, and arch rival PepsiCo actually increased their use of newly-manufactured plastic, as did Mars.

We all know virgin plastics contain additives that have been linked to cancer, issues with brain function and a range of hormone-related effects like infertility and early puberty.

The issue with recycling is that that melting together different plastics can multiply the additives — and their potential health hazards.

A study published in the Journal of Hazardous Materials earlier this year found more of the offending additives leach from recycled PET bottles into their contents than from virgin plastic ones.

The recycled plastic may become tainted by chemicals when it’s collected and sorted, the researchers said, but it’s still unclear exactly how the contamination happens.

Switching to another material carries pitfalls, too. Flogging more pop in glass bottles may increase drinks’ companies’ carbon footprint, for example.


Here’s Why Recycling Plastic Isn’t a Panacea

-Advanced Recycling: Beyond Pyrolysis

Consumer-product brand owners increasingly see advanced chemical recycling as a necessary complement to mechanical recycling if they are to meet ambitious goals for a circular economy in the next decade. Dozens of technology providers are developing new technologies to overcome the limitations of existing pyrolysis methods and to commercialize various alternative approaches to chemical recycling of plastics.

We are currently witnessing a growing acceptance of advanced chemical recycling technologies as complementary solutions to mechanical recycling. Brand owners in the FMCG (fast-moving consumer goods) sector acknowledge the role chemical recycling can play in unlocking the use of post-consumer recycled (PCR) content and we see several leading chemical companies investing in and/or partnering with advanced recycling technology providers. Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester

All eyes are now on the ongoing legislative discussions and deliberations on the status of chemical recycling and mass-balance accounting. The industry is hoping for a well-defined and inclusive policy framework, as it is clear to the entire plastics value chain that achieving plastic circularity will require a whole gamut of solutions.

The diversity of advanced recycling solutions is akin to the complexity of plastic waste, which comprises different types of plastics with diverse polymer chemistries. The largest advanced recycling capacities are currently achieved only via thermochemical methods using gasification or pyrolysis. On account of tech maturity, the total number of tech providers, and the average plant size, pyrolysis sits at the top of the list. It can process streams of mixed polyolefin waste and transform them into virgin-equivalent recycled grades for food-contact applications. This has been an important factor driving its growth, with FMCG brands that rely heavily on PE- and PP-based packaging looking to meet the ambitious recycled-content targets for their product packaging.


Advanced Recycling: Beyond Pyrolysis

-The first biodegradable water bottle is coming, for real this time

Company has raised $20 million since 2018 from luminaries like Salesforce co-founder

The Cove water bottle is a thin, sturdy cylinder, eggshell-white with a matching lid. It feels familiar. “If someone gave that to you,” offered Alex Totterman, Cove’s founder and chief executive, “you probably would have no idea that that wasn’t a plastic bottle.”

If someone does give you this bottle, it would be a remarkable achievement. Scientists and businesses have spent many years and much money trying to replace everyday packaging with natural materials that don’t pollute the Earth “- so far, that’s given us little beyond compostable straws.

But the challenge hasn’t deterred Cove from its own five-year journey to producing the first “fully biodegradable” bottle of water. In the coming months, Totterman says Cove’s creation will finally hit stores at $2.99 a pop. Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester

Totterman has also said this before. In February 2019, he told Fast Company Cove’s bottles were arriving in stores later that month. They didn’t. In October 2020, Totterman told the Los Angeles Times his bottles were arriving after the new year. Still nope. Pandemic delays and supply chain bottlenecks have repeatedly derailed the startup’s plans, as has the chemistry involved in its mission. Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester

Cove’s investors are still on board. The company has raised $20 million since 2018 from luminaries like Salesforce co-founder Marc Benioff; media heir James Murdoch; and Valor Equity Partners, an early backer of Tesla Inc. Totterman also bagged investment from singer Ellie Goulding, DJ Diplo, and Palm Tree Crew, a holding company co-founded by DJ Kygo “- plus a few pop stars he wouldn’t name. By his telling, grocers, music festivals and corporate campuses are waiting with bated breath, and checkbooks in hand, for someone to produce a water bottle that people won’t feel guilty about tossing out, and Cove is nearly ready to produce 20 million bottles a year to meet interest from “pretty much every major retailer and brand,” Totterman said. (Whole Foods is the only named customer.)

Cove’s bottles start in kitchens. RWDC Industries, a chemical supplier with US headquarters in Georgia, first collects cooking oil from restaurants and ferments it into polyhydroxyalkanoates, or PHA, a polymer meant to dissolve in water or soil without any toxic residue. RWDC ships this creation to Cove’s warehouse north of Los Angeles, where it arrives as tiny round pellets that look and feel like bits of Styrofoam. RWDC “- the only PHA supplier of Cove’s that the startup would name “- adds secret ingredients to its concoction, but Blake Lindsey, the company’s chief commercial officer, said that there’s nothing synthetic involved.

From there, the PHA pellets move to Cove’s 25,000-square-foot factory, where they are sent through machinery to vacuum away moisture, sift out metal, and stretch, cut and mold the material into a hollow canister fit for water. A label is then printed directly onto each bottle (“Cove’s plastic-free, renewable bottles” ). The ink, made from algae, is meant to biodegrade, too. Water from a purification plant nearby is poured in. By Cove’s estimates, its bottles will disintegrate in water and soil in under five years.

After starting in 2018, Cove cycled through at least one approach to making its bottles that didn’t pan out. When the company decided to open its own factory, in early 2021, Cove quickly discovered the unpredictability of its Goldilocks material. If PHA gets too cold, it becomes too brittle; if it’s too hot, it goes soft. During one test run, the ingredient overheated, and Cove’s factory floor erupted in steam and a pungent aroma of caramel that one early employee described as “especially vivid.” (The unique properties of PHA mean that different batches produce different scents; during a visit in early October, Cove’s factory floor smelled strongly of buttery popcorn.) Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester

Every piece of bottling equipment Cove bought also needed to be modified to handle the fickle material, and most took forever to show up. Steel pipes to transport the pellets between machines and a temperature sensor tool didn’t arrive for more than a year. Still today, one of Cove’s 12 employees manually sorts bottles rolling off the assembly line because a mechanical sorter is en route. “We ordered [it] back in January. It was promised to be here in April,” explained Cove’s vice president of technology Jim Shepherd, shouting over the machine din. “We’re now in October and basically waiting on a robot.”

When Cove first started production, it would ship PHA pellets to laboratories to test their physical properties, intending to wait on the results before forging them into bottles. “It wasn’t fast enough,” said Agnes Steckler, Cove’s research director. So the company built Steckler her own lab, a room with eight machines to measure resilience, melting points and molecular weight of the PHA. The lab cost the startup more time and “millions of dollars,” Totterman said. But it was worthwhile: “We had to take a step back to take two steps forward.” Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester

Even that wasn’t the last hurdle. Once Cove finally began churning out bottles, most weren’t strong enough to withstand a tight grip, or a drop from a few feet. “It turns out, it’s very difficult to bring a new technology to market,” said Peter Rahal, an early investor.

Others have tried to crack the biodegradable bottle. In 1990, the British industrial firm ICI announced a biodegradable plastic made from a mixture of bacteria and glucose that took 15 years to develop. ICI said the material absorbed enough carbon dioxide to match emissions from production, and rolled it out first as shampoo bottles in Germany. But the material was expanded to few other items and six years later ICI sold the invention patents to Monsanto, which soon pawned off the biodegradables division to a company called Metabolix. It, too, tried remaking plastics, failed, then steered the research into agriculture. Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester

Meanwhile, every food and beverage giant, under significant pressure to get off plastic, has experimented with natural substitutes. Few projects have left the lab. Last year, Coca-Cola Co. abandoned its plans for plant-based packaging in favor of 100% recyclables, arguing that consumers were demanding reusable bottles.

Such corporate efforts underestimate the expense and headache of converting organic materials into a viable plastic replacement, according to Ramani Narayan, a professor at Michigan State University and expert on bioplastics. He has seen a parade of companies try harvesting various chemical mixtures, only to give up or fall short of bold promises “- and he’s wary of RWDC’s claims about PHA. “Every third person comes around, ‘Oh, I’ve got this magic stuff now. I can save the world’s problems,'” Narayan said.

Danimer Scientific Inc., a company planning to make straws, Skittles bags and rum bottles using plant-based PHA, was last year accused by scientists “- and short sellers “- of overstating biodegradability claims. (Danimer argued its process met international testing standards.) Cove’s key ingredients from RWDC have been approved as biodegradable by certification body TA.25v Austria, and Totterman says his company is awaiting similar approval for its bottle.

After initially working with contractors, Totterman decided to bring Cove’s process in-house, recruiting a small team of material scientists and manufacturing veterans “- though none of them are PHA experts. Before Cove, Totterman worked for a water purification startup in his native UK. Shepherd is a molecular scientist who spent decades at Coca-Cola and Procter & Gamble, although he hadn’t worked with PHA until joining last year. “We’re figuring out the standards,” said Totterman. “Because there isn’t a blueprint.”

Investors like this temerity. “Experience can be a burden,” says Rahal, who created RxBar, the health food brand. “If you know too much and you’re too smart, you don’t jump. And you’ve got to jump.”  Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester

More hurdles remain. Recent environmental legislation in California categorizes PHA as a plastic, limiting the amount of material Cove can use in production. (Ben Kogan, Cove’s policy lead, is working on a counterproposal.) And pricing is in flux. Two years ago, Cove promised a $2.29 bottle, but it has since added 70 cents to that price in response to price hikes on raw materials. Totterman thinks expecting consumers to reuse bottles or recycle more often is naAve. Expecting people to pay more for compostable bottles sounds naAve, too, but Cove sees validation in Liquid Death, an aluminum can water brand worth an eye-watering $700 million.

The company also takes inspiration from another premium product: An investor deck from this summer describes Cove’s strategy as “the Tesla playbook” “- sell an expensive item that conscious consumers will buy, driving down production costs. Pricey water is merely a “Trojan Horse” for a range of compostable consumer goods, Totterman said, hinting at future Cove shampoo bottles and other home care products.


The first biodegradable water bottle is coming, for real this time

Plastic-Recycling – PSF-Polyester

PLA-Biopolymer – rPET-packaging 14-11-2022

PLA-Biopolymer – rPET-packaging 14-11-2022

PLA-Biopolymer – rPET-packaging

Viscose-Staple-Fiber – Petrochemicals 

PLA-Biopolymer - rPET-packaging

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Earthfirst® Films Receives Home Compostable Film Certifications from TUV Austria

Earthfirst® Films Expands Film Options With Certified Home Compostable Print, Sealant and Flow Wrap Films

Earthfirst® Films added a line of TUV NF T51-800 certified home compostable films to its existing line of industrial compostable options. PHA in combination with other biopolymers, are engineered for films with at least 85% new carbon content¹. Available in print, sealant and flow wrap films, these new options expand End of Life (EOL) environments as well as provide greater accessibility to a larger consumer base.

Inherent in their chemistry, home compostable films are Greenhouse Gas (GHG) favorable to industry fossil-fuel based alternates and naturally lower packaging’s carbon footprint. The new films are built for performance within food, grocery retail, quick service restaurant, stadium foodservice and other consumer and industrial market segments.

“We are dedicated to bioplastic film innovation and passionate about advancing sustainability for a healthier planet,” cited Guenther Winnerl, Earthfirst® Films Chief Commercial Officer.PLA-Biopolymer – rPET-packaging

“Our customers are transitioning to compostable films as part of their brand identity. Some are preparing for 2025 sustainability commitments and regulatory bills and our portfolio of films contributes to their objectives,” Winnerl continues.

Earthfirst® Films are DIN CERTCO certified for Industrial Compostability and TUV Austria Certified for Home Compostability. All Earthfirst Films are FDA compliant for food contact.

¹Percentages are subject to change with any biopolymer formulation changes for film properties

For more information on Earthfirst® Biopolymer Films, visit earthfirstfilms.com.

Earthfirst® Biopolymer Films by PSI – Americas| Earthfirst Biopolymer Films by Sidaplax – EMEA

Earthfirst® Biopolymer Films is a global manufacturer of bio polymer EarthFirst® compostable packaging films within food, beverage, quick-serve restaurants and other consumers packaged goods (CPG) and industrial market segments.


PLA-Biopolymer - rPET-packaging

-Covestro, Hasco Vision partner on PIR polycarbonate

As the drive for more circularity in plastics continues to accelerate, the industry is having to rethink practices long taken for granted. In some cases, the result has been a radical departure from ‘business as usual’.

A good example is the recent agreement signed between China’s leading auto lighting supplier Hasco Vision and materials manufacturer Covestro establishing a partnership between the two companies that will ultimately contribute to the low-carbon development of carmakers.

The companies aim to build a closed-loop recycling business model that would guarantee that the plastic waste generated during the manufacture of automotive lamps is recycled into high quality and traceable post-industrial recycled polycarbonates and polycarbonate blends. Often, the difficulty with recycled materials is that these tend not to be either. Transparency regarding the origin of recycled plastics is often lacking, making them unsuitable for use in the auto industry, where strict standards and regulations apply with respect to the materials used. PLA-Biopolymer – rPET-packaging

Covestro has for many years supplied Hasco Vision with the raw materials it needs to produce vehicle lamps.

According to the new agreement signed at Covestro’s booth at the China International Import Expo, Covestro will also collaborate with other partners in the recycling industry to retrieve used plastics from Hasco’s manufacturing sites before turning them into the kind of high-quality PIR polycarbonates and polycarbonate blends that Hasco can use to produce new automotive components.

This collaboration allows full transparency and traceability along the value chain, said Lily Wang, Head of the Engineering Plastics segment at Covestro, and will ‘ensure the supply of consistently high-quality PIR plastics to meet the growing demands for more sustainable materials and lower emissions in the automotive industry’.

The closed-loop recycling of post-industrial plastics is an effective sustainability solution as such recycled materials have “virgin-like” quality, are easily traceable and help reduce the carbon footprint of vehicles compared with conventional fossil-based materials.

“This innovative cooperation between HASCO and Covestro breaks with convention in terms of raw materials supply as it focuses on using post-industrial recycled materials to create a circular economy,” said Jinlong Ao, Deputy General Manager and Chief Technology Officer of Hasco Vision.


PLA-Biopolymer - rPET-packaging

-NatureWorks Selects General Contractor for New Fully Integrated Ingeo™️ PLA Biopolymer Manufacturing Facility in Thailand

Early-works construction on the new biopolymer manufacturing site began in June 2022 with expected completion of the facility on schedule for the second half of 2024.

Early-works construction on NatureWorks’s new Ingeo PLA manufacturing facility in Thailand began in June 2022 keeping expected completion of the facility on schedule for the second half of 2024. PLA-Biopolymer – rPET-packaging

NatureWorks, the world’s leading manufacturer of low-carbon polylactic acid (PLA) biopolymers made from renewable resources, has selected TTCL Public Company Limited (SET: TTCL) as the general contractor for procurement, construction, commissioning, and startup support services for their new Ingeo™️ PLA manufacturing complex in Thailand. The new facility is designed to be fully integrated and will include production of lactic acid, lactide, and polymer. Located on the Nakhon Sawan Biocomplex (NBC) in Nakhon Sawan Province, the manufacturing site will have an annual capacity of 75,000 tons of Ingeo biopolymer and will produce the full portfolio of Ingeo grades.

In June 2022, site preparation for the new manufacturing facility at the NBC was completed and NatureWorks signed an agreement with Sino Thai Engineering and Construction PCL (STECON) to begin early-works construction for piling, underground piping, storm water management, and tank foundations. Currently underway, the early-works construction progress keeps completion of the facility on schedule for the second half of 2024.PLA-Biopolymer – rPET-packaging

“We are pleased to see the continued progress on the construction of our second Ingeo manufacturing complex that will help us address the increasing global market demand for sustainable materials,” said Steve Bray, VP of Operations at NatureWorks. “With the selection of TTCL as our general contractor, we are looking forward to leveraging their expertise in executing large, highly technical capital projects in Thailand.”

NatureWorks expects to hold a cornerstone laying ceremony to honor the progress of site construction in February 2023.

In 2021, NatureWorks first announced the authorization for initiating their global capacity expansion plan beginning with their second Ingeo biopolymer manufacturing facility in Thailand. NatureWorks became the first company to produce PLA biopolymers at commercial scale in 2002. NatureWorks expanded its flagship Blair, Nebraska facility to an annual total capacity of 150,000 metric tons in 2013 with an additional capacity expansion announced in 2020 to further increase the availability of Ingeo biopolymers.

The expanded global production of Ingeo biopolymers will support growth in markets including 3D printing and hygiene as well as compostable coffee capsules, tea bags, flexible packaging, and food serviceware that demand sustainable, low-carbon materials and require the high-performance attributes that Ingeo is uniquely suited to deliver.


NatureWorks Selects General Contractor for New Fully Integrated Ingeo™️ PLA Biopolymer Manufacturing Facility in Thailand

-Bio-Polyamide, Specialty Polyamide and Precursors Market to capture a CAGR of 6% during 2022-2032

During the projected period, the bio-polyamide, specialty polyamide, and precursors market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 6%. The market is expected to be worth US$ 185.47 million in 2022 and US$ 332.15 million by 2032.

Polyamide is among the more dominant of engineering plastics with applications in various end-user industries including automotive, electronics, construction, sports equipment and consumer goods. Polyamide, also known as nylon occurs in nature in form of silk and wool and can be produced artificially through polymerization.

Polyamide-66 and polyamide-6 are among the most dominant artificially made polyamide employed mainly in the production of fibers. Polyamides such as polyamide-11, polyamide-12 are employed primarily as engineering plastics.PLA-Biopolymer – rPET-packaging

Undecanoic acid and sebacic acid derived from castor oil are among the most dominant raw materials used in the production of bio based polyamide. Owing to the eco logical benefits, bio based polyamides are gaining acceptance and are anticipated to be the fastest growing product segment during the forecast period.

Caprolactam, Adipic Acid and Hexamethylenediamine are dominant precursors for polyamides. Caprolactam, a monomer of polyamide 6 is the most dominant precursor. Automotives is the largest application segment for polyamide and the trend is expected to continue in the near future. Demand for polyamide in packaging applications is expected to outdo other application segments in terms of growth rate during the forecast period.

Several end user industries for polyamide include consumer goods hence, GDP growth rate and increasing disposable income of people in a region are some of the important determinants for polyamide demand in a region.

Characteristics such as light weight, abrasion resistance and chemical resistance of polyamide make polyamides suitable for transportation applications.

Transportation applications have been a major factor driving demand for polyamides. Castor oil is the most dominant raw material employed in the production of bio based polyamide. PLA-Biopolymer – rPET-packaging

India is among the leading suppliers of castor oil and is also expected to be among the fastest growing region for the demand of bio-polyamide, specialty polyamide and precursors. Growing investment in the emerging economies of India, China and Brazil is expected to drive market growth during the forecast period.

Petroleum based products are used in the production of several specialty polyamide. Therefore, volatile pricing of raw material has been a major restraint for these polyamides. Increasing research and development activities to improve efficiency of bio based polyamide is expected to offer huge growth opportunity in the market.

Asia Pacific dominates the global demand for bio-polyamide, specialty polyamide and precursors and the trend is expected to continue during the forecast period. Increasing industrial investment and high economic growth rate in the emerging economies of India and China has been a major factor driving demand for bio-polyamide, specialty polyamide and precursors in the region.

China dominates the global bio-polyamide, specialty polyamide and precursors both in terms of production and consumption. North America is the second largest consumer for polyamides.PLA-Biopolymer – rPET-packaging

Demand for bio-polyamide, specialty polyamide and precursors in North America and Europe is anticipated to grow at a sluggish rate primarily owing to market saturation in various end user industries. Emerging economies in South America are anticipated to drive the demand for polyamide in the RoW region.

Bio-polyamide, specialty polyamide and precursors market is concentrated and dominated by few major players. Ascend Performance Materials Inc., E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, Honeywell International Inc., Li Peng Enterprise Co., Shenma Industrial Co. Ltd., Nantong Jingshan Polyamide Fibre Co., Ltd., Synergy Polymers are some of the major players in the bio-polyamide, specialty polyamide and precursors market.

This research report presents a comprehensive assessment of the market and contains thoughtful insights, facts, historical data and statistically-supported and industry-validated market data and projections with a suitable set of assumptions and methodology. It provides analysis and information by categories such as market segments, regions, product types and distribution channels. PLA-Biopolymer – rPET-packaging


Bio-Polyamide, Specialty Polyamide and Precursors Market to capture a CAGR of 6% during 2022-2032

-Sustainable rigid packaging – SACMI to host the AIM “Technological Day” on new cellulose-based materials

From pioneering research to applied technology, building the development prospects of an entire industry: cellulose-based materials for rigid sustainable packaging is a hot topic, and will be the focus of the Technological Day organized by AIM (Italian Association of Science and Macromolecule Technology), scheduled for 22nd November 2022.

Hosted by SACMI – a member of the Association’s governing council and scientific board – the day will bring together leading figures from the worlds of research, university and business, including technology users and providers alike.

Always at the forefront of advanced research into polymers – from both a scientific and technical-application perspective – AIM turns the spotlight on an area that is increasingly viewed as a ‘pillar’ of sustainability in rigid packaging.PLA-Biopolymer – rPET-packaging

The most abundant polymer of natural origin, cellulose is in fact sustainable by definition. No fossil fuels are needed to obtain it. Above all, at the end of their life cycles, cellulose-based products can be disposed of together with other compostable materials or fed into the paper recycling chain (depending on formulation).

Hence the keen interest in the possibility of making packaging items – containers and especially closures – from compounds with plastic polymers, or even near-pure cellulose fiber that has been treated with additives to give it the required water-repellent, strength and sealing properties.

Achieving these ambitious goals will involve several scientific and technological challenges; such issues will be the focus of the protagonists’ talks on 22nd November.


Sustainable rigid packaging - SACMI to host the AIM "Technological Day" on new cellulose-based materials

-Andritz delivers textile recycling line to France

Andritz delivered, installed, and commissioned a full textile recycling line for Renaissance Textile in Laval, France.

The project’s goal is to create new fibers from the gathered post-consumer clothing, which will ultimately be woven into new recycled fabrics. The brand-new 12,000 m2 facility has a full tearing line.PLA-Biopolymer – rPET-packaging

Nicolas Nojac, director of Renaissance Textile, comments: “Our first recycling line is dedicated to white polycotton textiles that mainly come from the healthcare and food processing industries. This equipment enables us to recycle 3,000 tons of textiles every year, representing 10 million items of clothing. We also plan to install two additional lines by the end of 2023 and 2025, respectively, to enlarge the range of recycled textiles by adding different colors and fibers”. In this context, the company plans to create 110 new direct jobs by 2025.

Source: Andritz


The world of textiles and the textile industry should be under no illusions about their responsibilities. The price of fast fashion is that making clothes accounts for around 10 % percent of CO2 emissions from human activity. Despite the need for circularity in our use of resources, the clothing industry has been fed by a distinctly linear value chain. Clothing is notoriously over-supplied, and while it might be resold, recycled into cloths or insulation, much of it ends up incinerated or in landfill. Textile-to-textile circularity has been conspicuously absent.

But this is changing thanks to media pressure, consumer demand, regulations, and technology. Our ignorance about the price the planet pays for our full wardrobes is at last being replaced by a deep concern about the impact of textiles on the environment. There is also an increasing awareness of the need to make greater use of sustainable raw materials in the fiber and textile production. Meanwhile, existing technologies are proving highly adaptable to textile recycling, and projects that take recycling a step further into true circularity are flourishing. PLA-Biopolymer – rPET-packaging

As part of its ESG Environment Social Governance (ESG) program, the ANDRITZ GROUP is at the core of the movement to provide industrially and economically viable solutions for recycling pre- and post-consumer waste made from natural and synthetic fibers. There is no single, catch-all solution to the recycling of textiles, and this plays to ANDRITZ’s strengths because the group has such a diversity of solutions to offer and several cooperation partners covering the value chain from recovery of fibers to chemical modification and preparation for the production of yarn.

Some solutions are derived from strong expertise in the field of pulp and paper; others have been developed specifically for textiles. As a whole, they offer single and multiple complementary technologies to address the needs of different textile recycling challenges.

What follows is a brief resumé of ANDRITZ’s scope of supply for textile waste recycling machinery.


Conditioning of textile waste lays the foundation for the subsequent textile recycling process, whether it is based on mechanical, chemical, combined, or other customer-specific treatment. Numerous parameters influencing the choice of technology include the nature of the waste (garments, linens, carpets, white/colored textiles, etc.), the feeding conditions (e.g., baled or loose feed material), the required size of the shredded textiles in output, the presence of impurities such as zippers, the output purity, the capacity, and all other requirements of downstream processing.PLA-Biopolymer – rPET-packaging

ANDRITZ Reject and Recycling offers single equipment units and complete conditioning systems, from material feed and shredding right up to the finally conditioned material. A landmark was ANDRITZ Reject and Recycling’s order in 2021 from Swedish company Renewcell for a 60,000 t/a textile recycling line, featuring ADuro shredders, for its first large-scale textile-to-textile recycling plant in Sundsvall. At the same time, shredding systems capable of managing volumes of up to 200 t/d are being developed and optimized in combination with the separation technique, based on trials conducted in the ART Center (ANDRITZ Recycling Technology Center) near Graz, Austria.

Complementary to the services of ANDRITZ Reject and Recycling, ANDRITZ Laroche offers a different mechanical conditioning process based on tearing. With more than 2,000 reference projects worldwide offering one of the largest installed bases for textile recycling mills, ANDRITZ Laroche’s mechanical recycling process can be preparatory to the following main options: nonwovens production lines, short staple fiber spinning mills for yarn “respinning” with the creation of woven or knitted fabrics, including blends of up to 100 % recycled fibers, or to downstream chemical processes for the production of new man-made fibers if required. Let’s look at those markets.


Andritz delivers textile recycling line to France

-Avoid Four Common Traps In Granulation

Today, more than ever, granulation is an important step in the total production process. Our expert explains a few of the many common traps to avoid when thinking about granulators

Today, more than ever, granulation is an important step in the total production process. For many processors, specifically those making industrial parts, regrind has often been considered a problem or a necessary evil. Now, due to the higher cost of materials combined with increased demands from customers to include reground and/or recycled materials in the product, the use of regrind should be viewed as a significant marketing opportunity as well as a cost-saving method.PLA-Biopolymer – rPET-packaging

With the advances in cutting technology and machine design, reductions in energy consumption, and increased automation available for size-reduction systems, there are many cost-effective solutions available to provide quality regrind to the manufacturing process without adversely affecting production rates, part quality, or the plant environment. The following are just a few of the many common “traps” to avoid when thinking about granulation and granulators specifically.


A major trap is to think that a granulator is just a granulator and that horsepower and throat size are all you need to know to specify an effective granulation process. Nothing could be further from the truth. Ask any blow molder who has been in the business for more than 10 years and you will more than likely find that they have experienced their products “floating” on the rotor. The product bounces around in the cutting chamber for long periods before it is finally ingested by the rotor. This leads to lower throughputs than expected from the machinery as well as very poor regrind quality.

In order to cut material efficiently, you’ll need a granulator configured specifically for your application. If not, expect higher energy consumption, excessive dust and noise, lower capacity, and increased knife wear. Today, most sophisticated granulator machinery suppliers offer modular products that allow the builder to configure core machine components to match the specific application requirements.

You’ll need at least seven critical pieces of information to size the granulator appropriately:

  • Application or process: Each process—blow molding, injection molding, extrusion, recycling—imposes different demands on a granulator.
  • Material: Different materials can react very differently in a granulator.
  • Method of feeding: Will it be manual, conveyor, robot, or roll feeding, relief head, etc.?
  • Part description: A physical description of the intended parts, such as bottles, runners, or sheet, is essential to proper configuration of the granulator.
  • Part dimensions: Try to capture the range of potential part sizes include largest and smallest, thickest and thinnest.
  • Capacity: What lb/hr or kg/hr is expected?
  • Screen size: What final particle size do you want to reintroduce into your process?

Through careful analysis of the above information, an experienced size-reduction professional will be able to design and recommend an appropriate solution for what the processor is trying to achieve. This should include options on rotor and cutting-chamber design and the number of fixed knives required. Effective hopper design will be chosen to accommodate the parts and eliminate flyback generated during granulation.

In addition to matching the machine to the application, machine builders will be able to provide the processor with a list of options that will help them with running the machine, such as high-level and high-amp alarms, soundproofing of the hopper and base, and a variety of evacuation and electrical control options.


Maintenance of granulators and their critical cutting components is the most neglected area of service in many plants. Maintenance is often put off because of time considerations—that is, the granulator design does not lend itself to the task. Poor or inadequate instruction manuals and lack of supporting solutions to simplify functions such as knife servicing make matters worse. Lack of maintenance alone can lead to the most common problem associated with regrind—poor quality granulate with excessive fines and high dust content in the material and in the plant environment.PLA-Biopolymer – rPET-packaging

The two major reasons for dust and fines are dull and/or improperly gapped knives. The sharper the knives, the more efficiently the granulator will cut the scrap, especially with soft, energy-absorbing materials such as thermoplastic rubber or polyolefin films. Sharper knives produce a cleaner cut without pulling and tearing, yielding higher throughputs, less dust and fines, less noise, and greater energy efficiency.

Today, most leading granulator manufacturers realize that with the increasing cost of materials and shrinking maintenance budgets, it’s important that granulators be designed for easy cleaning and knife maintenance. Quick and safe access to the heart of the granulator is critical for optimal productivity.

Think about a processor running multiple colors and materials in short-run production cycles, who needs to clean the machine thoroughly between each run to avoid contamination. The granulator must be designed to allow the operator to visibly confirm that the machine is clean while ensuring that the operator is safe when inside the machine. That is, the granulator should have redundant safety switches for maximum safety and should have features such as power-assisted tilt-back hoppers, rotor locking devices, and easily accessible and removable screen cradles and screens. Visibly clean means the operator should have visual paths to all areas of the machine—no hidden nooks and crannies—to inspect and confirm the machine is free from all previous colors or materials that may lead to contamination in the next run.


Another common trap is knife positioning and design with little or no scissor-cutting action, poor rotor design (static rotating knives), non-optimized location of fixed knives, and less than optimal rotor knife speed. Any or all of these can lead to non-uniform regrind with high dust and fines content and also lead to a high level of wear and tear on the granulator.PLA-Biopolymer – rPET-packaging

Always look for a feature known as “adjustable rotating knives.” These knives are the ones bolted to the rotor. Along with the fixed knives, they must be kept properly gapped and sharpened.

In older granulator designs, these knives are generally fixed to the rotor and thus not adjustable. Because you remove knife material whenever you resharpen, the effective rotor diameter can become smaller and smaller over the life of the knife. Typically about 10 mm or 3/8 in. of knife material can be removed over several resharpenings.

With an older machine design, the normal procedure is to move the fixed knives forward to compensate for the material ground off the rotating knives. This results in a reduction of the cutting diameter of the granulator and increases the distance from the rotating knife tips to the screen. As you also cut material against the screen, this increased distance between the knife tips and the screen leads to the “balling” of the material on top of the screen, and a much longer residence time of the material in the cutting chamber, generating considerably more dust and fines.

Additionally, moving the fixed (bed) knife forward to compensate for the shortened rotating knives leads to creation of a “shelf” in the cutting chamber, where the material can easily build up. This shelf impedes the feed into the down stroke of the cutting chamber and results in less-effective cutting.

Pre-adjustable knives and cassette knives are features found on more modern machine designs. Recognizing the importance of knife sharpness and gap, and their relationship to final granulate quality, many machine manufactures have standardized on more maintenance-friendly designs for the knives. Pre-adjustable knife fixtures that allow the maintenance staff to set the critical gap outside the machine reduce the overall downtime of installing and gapping resharpened knives. Gone are the days of sticking feeler gauges into dark crevices while trying to adjust knives in the machine.

Moreover, because the fixed knives are coming into a machined stop in the cutting chamber, rotating knives can be gapped independently, allowing each rotating knife to have the exact same gap with respect to the fixed knives. This is impossible with static (non-adjustable) rotating knives. Another benefit of adjustable rotating knives is the ability to sharpen each knife independently rather than together as a set. This allows for the minimum amount of material to be ground off each knife during each resharpening, resulting in longer overall knife service life.PLA-Biopolymer – rPET-packaging


Many processors seemingly try to destroy their granulator not long after receiving it, in the name of “testing the limits” of what the capacity of the granulator really is. Your granulator was sized for a particular application and, hopefully, it is still used in that same application. But often when an existing granulator is wheeled across the shop floor to perform its duties for a different part or job, the materials are different, the throughput is different…in fact, everything is different from what the granulator was originally designed for.

Over-feeding your granulator will obviously back it up, reducing productivity. The decrease in air flow associated with a completely full cutting chamber leads to less-effective evacuation of the machine. And infeed material sits on top of the rotor, waiting to be ingested into the cutting chamber. That material, because it is riding on top of the knives and not being cut, is dulling your knives at a faster than normal rate. In some cases of over-feeding, the granulator approaches the maximum amp load capacity of the drive motor and simply jams or ceases working.

Just as it’s better to remove regrind automatically from your granulator with an appropriately sized evacuation system, it’s also better to automatically meter-feed your granulator—either with a robot or a conveyor. That way, there is no chance of over-feeding your unit.

There are several  electrical options to help with optimized feeding of the granulator. High-amp alarms can tell you when you are working the drive motor too hard and help the operator understand when to back off the feed when feeding manually. High-level alarms can help the operator understand and avoid evacuation problems, for example if the feed rate is exceeding the evacuation rate it may be as simple as waiting for the evacuation system to catch up. It also may save the system from plugging up entirely, resulting in potentially expensive damage to the granulator motor.PLA-Biopolymer – rPET-packaging

It’s important to understand how the granulator is sized for a throughput rate. There is a big difference between instantaneous rate and intermittent rate, the latter generally being how the granulator is sized.

Let’s say the granulator is sized for 2000 lb/hr: This generally means that the machine should be fed at a rate of approximately 33 lb/min (2000 ÷ 60). If you put 100 lb of material in the hopper in a matter of seconds, don’t expect the granulator to perform. This is a very common occurrence with hand-fed granulators.

It is also important to avoid under-feeding. If your granulator sits idle and the rotor spins without parts inside, the energy efficiency is greatly decreased. You can and should expect a certain throughput rate from your granulator, but if your scrap is sitting next to your machine in a gaylord or storage area, you are definitely not getting the most from your unit.

What inevitably happens is that an over-eager operator dumps the whole box into the granulator. The result: downtime. Regular, steady feeding of your granulator is best for you and for the machine.

Despite their status as second-class citizens, granulators can help processors be more efficient and profitable. A basic understanding of the traps in granulation and the areas where granulators need the most attention can help you plan for the purchase of a granulator or understand the importance of your maintenance schedule to ensure a long, productive life for your unit.


Avoid Four Common Traps In Granulation

PLA-Biopolymer – rPET-packaging

Bio-ABS – Recycled-Polylefins 12-11-2022

Viscose-Staple-Fiber – Petrochemicals 14-11-2022

Viscose-Staple-Fiber – Petrochemicals

Viscose-Staple-Fiber - Petrochemicals

ITEM26 07/11/2022 14/11/2022 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 7,100 yuan/ton 7,100 yuan/ton
Bottle grade PET chips export market 925 $/ton 925 $/ton
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 6,750 yuan/ton 6,650 yuan/ton -100
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 6,880 yuan/ton 6,800 yuan/ton -80
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market 5,700 yuan/ton 5,795 yuan/ton +95
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 800 $/ton 810 $/ton +10
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 3,880 yuan/ton 3,940 yuan/ton +60
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 453 $/ton 470 $/ton +17
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market 1,022 $/ton 1,018 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 1,002 $/ton 998 $/ton -4
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,214 $/ton 1,210 $/ton -4
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 7,230 yuan/ton 7,080 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 6,900 yuan/ton 6,850 yuan/ton -50
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 8,550 yuan/ton 8,400 yuan/ton -150
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F

Viscose-Staple-Fiber – Petrochemicals

8,300 yuan/ton 8,300 yuan/ton
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 7,800 yuan/ton 7,780 yuan/ton -20
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,680 yuan/ton 7,600 yuan/ton -80
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 12,100 yuan/ton 12,350 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,670 $/ton 1,670 $/ton
Nylon6 chips overseas  market 1,970 $/ton 1,970 $/ton
Nylon6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 13,000 yuan/ton 13,050 yuan/ton +50
Nylon6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market 13,700 yuan/ton 13,400 yuan/ton -300
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market 24,500 yuan/ton 23,300 yuan/ton -200
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 16,000 yuan/ton 15,700 yuan/ton -300
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 18,250 yuan/ton 17,950 yuan/ton- -300
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  16,350 yuan/ton 16,050 yuan/ton -300
Spandex 20D  domestic  market 41,500 yuan/ton 41,000 yuan/ton -500
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 38,500 yuan/ton 38,000 yuan/ton -500
Spandex 40D  domestic  market 36,000 yuan/ton 35,500 yuan/ton -500
Adipic Acid domestic market 10,050 yuan/ton 9,850 yuan/ton -200
Benzene domestic market

Viscose-Staple-Fiber – Petrochemicals

6,830 yuan/ton 7,020 yuan/ton +190
Benzene overseas  market 803 $/ton 831 $/ton +28
Ethylene South East market 880 $/ton 880 $/ton
Ethylene NWE market 835 $/ton 872 $/ton +37
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market 11,500 yuan/ton 11,400 yuan/ton -100
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market 1,600 $/ton 1,600 $/tn
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 16,600 yuan/ton 16,600 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 13,000 yuan/ton 13,000 yuan/ton
PP Powder domestic market
7,800 yuan/ton 7,700 yuan/ton -100
Naphtha overseas market  684 $/ton 714 $/ton
Phenol domestic market 9,620 yuan/ton 9,020 yuan/ton -600

Viscose-Staple-Fiber – Petrochemicals

Bio-ABS – Recycled-Polylefins 12-11-2022

Bio-ABS – Recycled-Polylefins

-Wood secures FEED for first large-scale green hydrogen production facility in Mosjoen in Norway

Wood has been awarded the front-end engineering design (FEED) scope for Gen2 Energy’s green hydrogen production facility, located in Mosjoen in northern Norway, said the company.

Gen2 Energy is a Norwegian company dedicated to developing, building, owning and operating an integrated value chain for green hydrogen. The company targets having several large-scale production facilities for green hydrogen, making it easy and cost efficient for consumers to adapt to green hydrogen.

As a leader in hydrogen production solutions, Wood will apply its decades of hydrogen expertise and breadth of project implementation capabilities to develop the new 100MW plant – the first large-scale commercial green hydrogen production facility in Norway.

The award follows Wood’s initial conceptualisation of the plant as well as other production facilities that Gen2 Energy is developing to accelerate the distribution of hydrogen produced in Norway via zero-emission renewable energy to the UK and across Europe.

Due to good access to low-priced electricity, Mosjoen in Vefsn municipality in northern Norway is an excellent place for large-scale production of green hydrogen. The first phase of Gen2 Energy’s plan is to build a 100MW plant with a continuous production of around 45 tonnes of green hydrogen per day. Bio-ABS – Recycled-Polylefins

This contract will be delivered by Wood’s existing teams in Norway, with support from the company’s global experts from within its operations and projects business units. Wood will execute the FEED study jointly with personnel from Gen2 Energy.


Wood secures FEED for first large-scale green hydrogen production facility in Mosjoen in Norway

-Technology to “see” into commercial batteries

Monitoring and studying battery chemistry is crucial to improving battery design

A multidisciplinary research team involving scientists from Collège de France, CNRS, Université Rennes 1 and Université de Montpellier has developed a method to track the chemistry inside a battery, live, and throughout its multiple charges and discharges. Presented in Nature Energy on November 7, 2022, this technology paves the way for improving the performance and design of future batteries.

Batteries offer the ability to store energy in chemical form: during charging, the current forces chemical reactions and energy is stored, then during discharging a spontaneous electrochemical reaction causes the electrons to move back through the system. Energy is released to create an electric current. Bio-ABS – Recycled-Polylefins

Controlling and studying the chemistry of a battery is therefore crucial to understanding how it works, but also to improving its design. While this is easy to do in the laboratory, it is much less easy when it is integrated into a system. But a multidisciplinary research team1 led by scientists at the Solid State and Energy Chemistry Laboratory (CNRS/Collège de France/Sorbonne University) has just developed a method for monitoring the chemistry of a commercial battery, live, during its charge or discharge.

The technology, presented in a paper published in Nature, relies on the transport of infrared light in chalcogenide glass optical fibers placed through a battery. The interaction of this light with the constituents of the battery makes it possible to identify and follow the chemical molecules present around the fiber.

The researchers were thus able to observe the evolution of the electrolytes as well as the insertion/extraction of sodium-lithium ions in the electrodes according to the charge. And this while it was in use, a first! With this system, the scientists were also able to study the interface between the electrolyte and the negative electrode material called Solid electrolyte interphase (SEI). This layer, which conducts ions and insulates electrons, determines the longevity of the batteries. In particular, the team was able to follow in situ the nature of the chemical species involved in the nucleation and growth of the SEI that takes place during the very first charge of a battery.

From a practical point of view, these results open the way to a facilitated and improved design of batteries. Currently, the optimization of electrolytes and charge test protocols is time consuming to find the best option for an ideal SEI, and thus improve the longevity of a battery. With this new method, it is possible to quickly and accurately see how each component of the recipe evolves, interacts with the others and influences the performance of the battery.


Bio-ABS - Recycled-Polylefins

-MEGlobal will launch the Indian contract price from 2023

MeGlobal, a major producer of monoethylene glycol (MEG), will introduce an Indian contract price (ICP) from 2023, which is used in settlements under contracts with Indian customers,ICIS reports.

According to a source in the company, the ICP for the next month will be nominated in the second half of this month.

Currently, the company uses prices based on CFR (cost and freight) terms of China’s major ports. Bio-ABS – Recycled-Polylefins

The source added that the purpose of the ICP launch is to satisfy the growing market of India and to abandon the binding to the Chinese market.

Earlierit was reported that MEGlobal, the world leader in the production of monoethylene glycol (MEG) and diethylene glycol (DH), nominated the November contract price of MEG for Asia at USD810 per ton, which is USD10 per ton below the level of October. The price was named on the terms of delivery of CFR Asia.

MEG, along with terephthalic acid (TPA), is one of the main raw materials for the production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET).

According to theScanPlast review, in August the total estimated consumption of PET in Russia for the reporting month amounted to 77.71 thousand tons, which is 15% higher than last year’s figure. In January-August of this year, the total estimated consumption of PET decreased by 2% compared to the same period a year earlier and amounted to 542.80 thousand tons.

MEGlobal, with a total capacity of 4.5 million tonnes of MEG per year, is a subsidiary of EQUATE Petrochemical Company (EQUATE), part of the EQUATE Group.


Bio-ABS - Recycled-Polylefins

-Resin Price Report: Market Turns Slightly Bullish

Inventory drawdowns, which have been substantial, could give producers renewed pricing power.

Spot resin trading continued to improve in the first week of November, with completed volumes exceeding those from the last week of October, which was already the best tally since May, reports the PlasticsExchange in its Market Update.

While the spot market is still generally well supplied across most commodity-grade resins, the flow of fresh railcar offers has diminished. Strong underlying demand has been developing — the PlasticsExchange notes that it is working customer orders for a couple dozen railcars of off-grade polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP), but at prices not seen for several weeks. Some buyers may have missed the boat and price expectations need to be adjusted higher, suggests the Chicago-based resin clearinghouse.

Prime PE, PP prices hold steady

A wide range of prices were quoted and transacted across the PlasticsExchange trading platform, and while levels were slightly firmer this past week, they did not move the needle. Official prices for Prime PE and PP held steady, an indication that this market has been establishing a broad floor. PE contracts rolled flat in October, while PP contracts are decreasing $0.15/lb on average, mostly attributed to a price decrease in polymer-grade propylene (PGP). Production margins also contracted. A PE price increase is on the table this month, again, but it is rare to see one implemented in November. The PlasticsExchange does not expect to see a big change in November PP contracts based on stable spot PGP and somewhat better balanced supply/demand dynamics. But the month is still young. Bio-ABS – Recycled-Polylefins

There are signs of a notable change in market sentiment: After a long and steep downtrend since May and more recent pricing stability, the market seems to be shifting into the mildly bullish zone. The feeling is that the market has already come down so hard and is now stabilizing while supplies tighten, there is relatively little downside risk at this point. “We do not think that the spot market is necessarily poised for an immediate sharp and steep run up,” adds the PlasticsExchange. “For that, we need to see significantly better buying develop, and not just processors procuring resin to restock, but actual stronger throughput driven by improved consumer demand.”

In the meantime, producers have slashed operating rates, limiting new production, while at the same time purging surplus inventory into the export market, PE more so than PP. It has been indicated that producers intend to maintain restricted production through the end of the year; if so, the inventory drawdowns, which have already been substantial, can soon shove supply below demand, providing producers with renewed pricing power.

Robust PE resin trading

PE trading began strong in November, with healthy volumes of material changing hands across most major commodity grades. Higher volumes could have been achieved had there been better availability for some of the more obscure commodity PE grades. Suppliers had relatively few Generic Prime railcars to offer and asking prices didn’t budge. There was little followup by sellers, and scant interest in discounting as margins already have been squeezed.

While off-grade prices inched higher, Prime prices held flat for a fourth consecutive week. There was a steady flow of normal demand and some light restocking beyond typical usage, but robust and widespread demand has not developed, as high inflation and economic uncertainty linger. Bio-ABS – Recycled-Polylefins

Though Houston warehouses remain stuffed with material, much of it has been pre-sold into the export market awaiting shipment. Houston traders are keeping uncommitted inventories somewhat thin, and their asking prices for Prime packaged material edged a tad higher, as carrying costs including storage and interest rates continue to rise along with the upcoming year-end tax. It seems that producers have remained disciplined with their throttled back production through October, as supplies have been tightening. The PlasticsExchange anticipates another major drawdown, adding that it will be very interesting to see upcoming production, sales, and inventory figures.

PP trading reaches highest level since June

PP trading built on last week’s momentum, and completed volumes increased significantly to their highest level since June. Prime prices held steady for the third week in a row, while off-grade prices rose a couple of cents. Homo-polymer PP (HoPP) supplies remain ample, and there was a good flow of both Prime and off-grade railcars; fresh co-polymer PP (CoPP) offers were scarce, although producers were still taking Prime orders for material through the end of the year.

Widespec HoPP was the main mover — there was solid demand for both quick truckloads and railcars still to ship. CoPP sales would have been better if more well-priced resin had been made available. For the first time in months, PP contracts appear steady, as monomer prices capitulated in October and have already recovered enough to note fair value in PGP contract levels. Some margin erosion could still be justified, as spot fell faster than contracts, but if reactor rates have remained reduced, producers will rightly dig in firm.

While there are bullish signs building in the market, there is still plenty of uncertainty looming at the processor level, which is leading to subdued demand, potentially hampering a recovery. Do note, though, that processor resin stocks have also dwindled, so there would be plenty of pent-up buying if sentiment were to turn outright bullish, writes the PlasticsExchange in its Market Update. Bio-ABS – Recycled-Polylefins


Bio-ABS - Recycled-Polylefins

-Ascend makes strategic investment in recycler

Buys majority stake in Circular Polymers LLC.

Nylon 6/6 resin maker Ascend Performance Materials has purchased a majority stake in California-based carpet recycler Circular Polymers LLC.

Lincoln-based Circular recycles post-consumer, high-performance polymers including nylons 6 and 6/6, polypropylene and PET. The business will be renamed Circular Polymers by Ascend.

Circular Polymers reclaims and reprocesses post-consumer carpet via a unique technology and has redirected about 85 million pounds of waste from landfills into new goods since 2018.

Circular Polymers employs about 60 at a plant in Lincoln.

In a news release, officials with Houston-based Ascend said the deal provides the firm with a consistent supply of high-quality post-consumer materials for its ReDefyne-brand sustainable nylon resins, which it launched at the recent K 2022 trade show. Ascend has committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions by 80 percent by 2030.

Circular has worked closely with materials companies in the past. In 2019, it agreed to provide PET for Eastman Chemical Co. Bio-ABS – Recycled-Polylefins

“We are focused on helping our customers reach their sustainability goals, and [Circular Polymers] provides materials that offer strong performance with a considerably smaller environmental footprint,” President and CEO Phil McDivitt said.

“Since we launched ReDefyne, the demand for our circular products has been significant across all segments of our business, including automotive, consumer, electronics and high-performance fibers and textiles,” he added.

Circular Polymers founder and CEO David Bender will stay on as CEO and will own the remainder of the company.

“Since 2018, we have focused on improving the sourcing and processing of post-consumer high-performance polymers,” Bender said. “Having Ascend on board will accelerate our growth and ensure these materials go back into new long-term, high-performance applications.” Bio-ABS – Recycled-Polylefins

The acquisition is Ascend’s second of 2022. In May, the firm bought the compounding business of Indian materials firm Formulated Polymers Ltd. That deal included a manufacturing site in Chennai and several warehouses across India.

Earlier this year, Ascend announced plans to build a plant making nylon feedstock hexamethylene diamine in Lianyungang, China. That plant will be Ascend’s first chemical production facility outside of the U.S., as well as the firm’s largest non-U.S. investment.

Ascend ranks as a global leader in nylon 6/6 resins and compounds.


Ascend makes strategic investment in recycler

-Mechanically and/or Chemically Recycled Polylefins Debut at K2022

ExxonMobil, Nova Chemicals and Braskem are among the latest polyolefin suppliers that are developing such new resin portfolios.

Among the latest polyolefin resin producers to have joined-in with the development of new porfolios of mechanically recycled and/or chemically recycled resin grades, and discussed at K 2022, are ExxonMobil, Nova Chemicals, and Braskem.

▪  ExxonMobil presented its new line of Exxtend resins produced with its Exxtend technology for advanced recycling of plastic waste which produces certified-circular polymer. The company aimed to introduce the first such materials by year’s end from its new plant, initially focusing on food packaging and the hygiene market. Key sources say their goal to show the range of solutions supporting the circular economy including mechanical recycling, chemical recycling and design for recyclability approaches. Key sources indicate that the new Exxtend portfolio will extend to pretty much all of its polyolefins including LDPE, LLDPE, HDPE and PP homopolymer and copolymer resins. At K 2022, the company highlighted demonstrations that included a certified-circular high-performance food-grade pouch with digital traceability from resin to end-product, which included the use of its new Exceed S LLDPE made with Exxtend technology, and, a hypothetical circular solution that could turn medical products into automotive parts and then back into certified-circular polymers. Bio-ABS – Recycled-Polylefins

The former involved a five-layer, 45-micron fully recyclable freezer film pouch suitable for high-performance food-grade packaging that incorporates certified-circular Exceed S performance LLDPE made using Exxtend technology. As reported previously, Exceed S delivers industry-leading combinations of stiffness and toughness while being easy to process. Working collaboratively with Reifenhäuser (extrusion technology), Twintag (universal unique identifiers), Comexi (flexible packaging printing and converting) and R-Cycle (plastics recycling technology), the pouch includes documentation and digital traceability along the value chain. With one scan, digital traceability tracks certification for compliance; helps eliminates manual data entry; helps identify packaging for recycling in communities with programs and facilities in place that collect and recycle plastic packaging; and is aligned with open tracing standards. Product information can be exchanged from source to finished product and beyond, supporting the path of a circular economy.

▪ Nova Chemicals launched EX-PCR its new, mechanically recycled LLDPE. It contains 100% post-consumer recycled polyethylene (rPE)  and offers highly versatile design flexibility making it an ideal solution to lower the carbon footprint of packaging and address climate change. Nova’s rPE is sourced from distribution center flexible film, which includes a blend of back-of-store stretch and front-of-store consumer drop off. Source materials are processed with state-of-the-art technology reportedly resulting in a low odor, consistent, and stable product. Nova’s proven technical expertise can help guide customers to incorporate rPE and maintain the necessary level of performance while also creating recyclable flexible packaging that remains in the PE stream through a design for recycling approach. Bio-ABS – Recycled-Polylefins

Said Anna Rajkovic, Nova’s circular economy market manager. “Through customer trials and applications development at our Center for Performance Applications in Calgary, we have successfully incorporated our new rPE resin in various end-use format. We’re excited to commercialize this resin and build a more sustainable polyethylene portfolio for our customers and brand owners.”

▪  Braskem introduced its new Wenew brand, described as a complete ecosystem dedicated to promoting and realizing the circular economy.  On the one hand, the ecosystem is a label for products made with recycled content. On the other hand, Wenew is an umbrella brand under which not only products but also many other offers and various initiatives are gathered. A core focus of Wenew is to develop and promote high-quality circular products, such as polymers-including all PE resin grades and chemicals produced from mechanical recycling, advanced recycling or as a result of Braskem’s traditional production process. The goal is always to ensure maximum quality when used in Braskem’s new products and can thus act as role models for broader use throughout the industry.


Mechanically and/or Chemically Recycled Polylefins Debut at K2022

-Recognition for Pact’s billion bottle recycling project

Pact Group has won a major sustainable project award for bringing Australia’s biggest and most advanced PET plastic recycling facility to life.

Pact was awarded the Australian Institute of Project Management’s Sustainable Project Management Achievement Award for NSW for the $50 million Circular Plastics Australia (CPA) PET plastic recycling facility in Albury. Bio-ABS – Recycled-Polylefins

The CPA facility is a joint venture between Pact, Cleanaway Waste Management, Asahi Beverages, and Coca-Cola Europacific Partners (CCEP).

A team from Pact project managed the build, which was delivered safely, on time and under budget on a greenfield site during a period of major global challenges, including the COVID-19 pandemic, supply chain pressures, and the blockage of the Suez Canal.

Despite these challenges, it took one year and five days to establish the site, construct the facility, install the equipment and services, commission the machinery, and train a new team.

The facility, which commenced operations in February 2022, has the capacity to recycle the equivalent of around 1 billion 600ml PET plastic beverage bottles each year into high-quality food-grade resin.

Cleanaway collects, sorts, and delivers PET plastic waste from kerbside collection bins and container deposit schemes to the Pact-operated facility for recycling. The recycled resin is then used by Asahi and CCEP to manufacture new beverage bottles, and by Pact to make new beverage bottles and food packaging.

Pact Group CEO Sanjay Dayal said it was a great honour for the Pact team to be recognised for its commitment to driving the circular economy in Australia.

“Brand owners and consumers alike are demanding packaging that is made from recycled material and is recyclable. We have collaborated with industry partners to create Australia’s largest state-of-the-art PET recycling facility to respond to those needs,” Dayal said.

“The world-class CPA PET recycling facility in Albury ensures we are taking responsibility for our plastic waste, reducing the need to import virgin plastic resin and minimising harm to the environment for future generations.”

The CPA joint venture is building a second PET recycling facility with similar capacity in Melbourne, which is due to commence operations in the first half of 2023.

The CPA PET project in Albury was supported by a $5 million grant through the NSW Government’s Waste Less, Recycle More initiative, and the Australian Government’s Recycling Modernisation Fund. Bio-ABS – Recycled-Polylefins


Recognition for Pact’s billion bottle recycling project

-CHIMEI to launch Ecologue™ bio-ABS products with ISCC PLUS approval in 2023

CHIMEI Corporation’s factory in Tainan, Taiwan, has obtained International Sustainability and Carbon Certification (ISCC) PLUS for ABS, SAN, MS (SMMA), HBR, and SSBR products.

A Taiwan-based performance materials company that designs and manufactures advanced polymer materials, synthetic rubbers, and specialty chemicals, CHIMEI Corporation is adding a range of International Sustainability and Carbon Certification (ISCC) PLUS approved bioplastics to its newly released Ecologue™ sustainable materials portfolio.

CHIMEI is developing bioplastics that are either made from bio-based resources or will decompose after use. As a result, these materials will reduce its waste and fossil fuel consumption. Bio-ABS – Recycled-Polylefins

ISCC PLUS adopts a mass balance approach to ensure that renewable materials are correctly calculated and used in production processes. It ensures traceability throughout the entire supply chain, from raw materials to the final product, providing a global standard for product sustainability.

CHIMEI is preparing to replace some of the fossil feedstock used in its polymer production with bio-based feedstock. They are tracking this renewable feedstock throughout their production line to comply with the ISCC PLUS mass balance approach, and building partnerships to ensure a greener value chain.

Approval from ISCC PLUS reinforces the renewable plastics value chain, which CHIMEI has been building together with Neste, Idemitsu Kosan, and Mitsubishi Corporation, allowing CHIMEI to introduce new, renewable biomass materials that can effectively replace fossil feedstock in plastic production.

The ISCC PLUS approvals apply to ABS, SAN, MS (SMMA), HBR, and SSBR products, which are produced at CHIMEI’s factory in Tainan, Taiwan. CHIMEI will officially launch ISCC PLUS bio-ABS products, under the Ecologue trademark, in the first half of 2023.

“Reaching carbon neutrality is a top priority for CHIMEI, and it should be paramount for everyone in our supply chain,” says Andrew Hsieh, CHIMEI Sustainable Material Solutions Manager. “By opting for materials that are made from renewable, biomass feedstock, a brand can significantly reduce the carbon footprint of its products, and distance itself from the oil industry. As more brands opt for sustainable material solutions, like bioplastics, their decision will reverberate upstream into manufacturing industries where it can really make a massive impact.”

CHIMEI Corporation first received the ISCC PLUS approvals during K 2022, the world-leading trade fair for plastics and rubber. News of receiving the ISCC PLUS was initially shared with guests at the Ecologue™ Talks event in K fair, which were attended by many of CHIMEI’s global supply chain partners.

Bioplastics are one of three innovation areas in CHIMEI’s Ecologue™ sustainable materials portfolio. CHIMEI’s ongoing bioplastic innovations include biodegradable materials, which have the potential to replace single-use plastics in the near future. CHIMEI aims to expand its bioplastic offerings over the coming years. Bio-ABS – Recycled-Polylefins

Production is an ongoing innovation area in CHIMEI’s Ecologue™ sustainable materials portfolio. This includes carbon capture and utilization at CHIMEI facilities. Of the three innovation areas at CHIMEI, recycling has proffered the most development; featuring optical-grade, chemically recycled MMA, and mechanically recycled PCR materials.


CHIMEI to launch Ecologue™ bio-ABS products with ISCC PLUS approval in 2023

Bio-ABS – Recycled-Polylefins

Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles 11-11-2022

Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles 11-11-2022

Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Braskem has postponed the expansion of ethylene production to 2023

Braskem has pushed back the completion date of its project to expand biologically based ethylene production to February 2023, the Brazilian polyolefin maker said Tuesday.

The project is 67% complete. Braskem had previously planned to complete the project in December 2022.

The company is located in Triunfo, Rio Grande do Sul, in southern Brazil.

Braskem will add 60,000 tonnes of bio-based ethylene per year at the Triunfo plant, bringing its total capacity to 260,000 tonnes per year. The investment is estimated at USD87 million.Braskem

produces ethylene on a biological basis by dehydrating ethanol. It processes ethylene on a biological basis, like other olefins, and sells the resulting polyethylene (PE) under its trademark I’m Green.

Earlierit was reported that the joint venture of Braskem and Sojitz plans in 2026 to launch a plant for the production of monoethylene glycol (MEG) based on biological raw materials. It will be one of three plants that these companies can build in Europe, Asia, the United States or Brazil.  Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles

According to theScanPlast review, according to the results of seven months of 2022, the estimated consumption of polyethylene (excluding exports to Belarus and Kazakhstan) in Russia amounted to 1,520.05 thousand tons, which is 13% more than in the same period a year earlier. The supply of all types of ethylene polymers has increased.

Braskem is a Brazilian petrochemical company headquartered in São Paulo. The company is the largest petrochemical company in South America and the fifth largest in the world in terms of output.


Polymer-Composite - PET-Bottles

-Asahi Kasei starts construction of alkaline electrolysis pilot plant for hydrogen production

Asahi Kasei (Tokyo) has started the construction of an alkaline water electrolysis pilot test plant for hydrogen production at its Kawasaki Works. Construction and operation of the plant is supported by the “Green Innovation Fund1” of Japan’s New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO).

Asahi Kasei installed a large 10 MW-scale alkaline water electrolysis system at the Fukushima Hydrogen Energy Research Field (FH2R) as part of a NEDO project,2 and performed several trial operations since 2020. Based on the technological achievements obtained at FH2R, Asahi Kasei plans to commercialize a larger-scale alkaline water electrolysis system comprising multiple 10 MW modules4 by 2025.

Asahi Kasei’s pilot plant comprises several electrolyzer modules to perform various trial operations regarding responsiveness to power fluctuation, long-term durability, etc. Asahi Kasei expects that this will greatly accelerate the development of its water electrolysis technology. Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles

As the system comprises multiple modules, the behavior of equipment under various conditions can be replicated, such as the case where one module malfunctions during operation, or the case of low output operation at night. This facilitates verification and improvement of apparatus design, operation methods, and control technology.

As renewable energy sources such as solar and wind provide unstable power output, water electrolysis equipment needs to be highly responsive to fluctuations. As the equipment is designed to simulate such fluctuations, it enables verification of compatibility with renewable energy and coordination with the power system.


Polymer-Composite - PET-Bottles

-The car market in Russia decreased in October by 63%

In October, sales of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles (LCV) in Russia fell by 62.8%, to 45.2 thousand units,Kommersant reports.

Moreover, the market was smaller than in September, when sales amounted to 46.7 thousand units, and the rate of reduction by last year was slightly lower – by 59.6%.

For ten months, sales decreased by 60.8%, to 502.5 thousand units. The data does not include reports from BMW, Mercedes-Benz, as well as Chery and its Exeed brand – they report only quarterly.

In addition, in October, the entire top 10 of the market was in the red, including its leader Lada, whose sales grew by 20% a month earlier. In October, the sales of AvtoVAZ decreased by a quarter, to 19 thousand units. Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles

The bestseller among foreign cars was the Chinese Haval with a result of 4.4 thousand cars sold, which is 8% less than a year earlier.

At the same time, Korean Kia and Hyundai, which traditionally led in this list, due to undersupply and suspension of production in the Russian Federation, showed significantly worse dynamics. So, sales of Kia fell by 79%, to 3.3 thousand units, Hyundai – by 86%, to 1.8 thousand units. Gaz was fixed on the third line of the brand rating (a drop of 33%, to 3.9 thousand cars), and another Russian brand, UAZ, reduced sales by 16%, to 3.1 thousand cars. Selling stocks and leaving the market Nissan (1.2 thousand units) and Renault (1.1 thousand) reduced sales by 77% and 88%, respectively. The top 10 is closed by Skoda, whose sales fell by 85%, to 812 cars. Other popular brands in past years sold less than 500 cars each last month, and Mitsubishi and only 70 cars (a drop of 98%).

The most popular model, as in recent months, remains Lada Granta – the only budget offer in the car market of the Russian Federation. Its sales are also supported by the program of preferential car loans.

Earlierit was reported that by the end of the year the automobile plant “Moskvich” plans to resume the assembly of cars.

For the development of production in Pechatniki, a new transport and logistics center “Yuzhny Port” will be created.


Polymer-Composite - PET-Bottles

-Plastics with a positive perspective

Positive Plastics may sound like a contradiction in terms today, but it’s the name of an initiative launched last year by three materials experts who are seeking to provide designers and engineers with reliable, trusted information about alternatives to fossil-based plastics.

Positive Plastics was at K 2022 in Düsseldorf with a newly updated sample kit, which could be seen — and touched — at the booths of various participating manufacturers.

The three members of the Positive Plastics team — Efrat Friedland, Erik Moth-Müller and Markus Paloheimo, all consultants and educators in the materials and polymers field — were ‘extremely overwhelmed’ by the response to their first sample kit, launched at last year’s Fakuma. Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles

“In fact, what we very often hear is that this is the right kit at the right time,” said Friedland. For designers, it is very difficult to get the information they need about alternatives to fossil-based polymers, she explained.

“Not only do they lack the time to research such materials, but they also very often lack the connections to the manufacturers, and they have to navigate between a lot of greenwashing. Positive Plastics caters for those who are looking for a valid, commercially available, injection moldable polymer with a reduced environmental footprint,” she said.

The sample kit developed by Positive Plastics consists of a number of square-shaped samples with 13-14 different mechanical properties, such as an internal hinge, corners, stress points, different wall thicknesses and different surface treatments. The focus is on injection moldable plastic materials with a reduced environmental footprint: PCR, PIR, bio-based, biocomposite and mass-balanced plastics from various manufacturers. Each sample shows how the material in question behaves under different conditions, its properties and potential applications — essential information for designers tasked with selecting the material for a particular product.

Designers, however, are not the only ones who have benefited. Materials producers have, in the past, also found it very difficult to reach designers. By participating in the Positive Plastics platform, they gain a direct line of communications with the designers working in the industry.

“They have understood that, today, they must offer alternative solutions to designers,” said Friedland. “And once they have such materials, Positive Plastics is a fantastic platform to be part of.”

Filling a need

The first sample kit compiled by the Positive Plastics team has clearly filled a need, said Friedland.

“Without going into details — due to confidentiality constraints — we can safely say that already the first few projects and pilot projects have got underway,” she noted. Positive Plastics is already working with a number of global brands — collaborations that can clearly be traced back to use of the kit. Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles

“We also are very happy to see the kit being continuously sold online, without any publicity from our side. It is a great compliment to realize the kit is used by global design agencies, architecture firms and design departments at brands,” she said.

It has now been included in most of the materials libraries around the world and the leading design academies — an impressive accomplishment given the vast number of kits already out there. The material consultants at Positive Plastics developed the kit with the purpose of sharing their knowledge of responsible and alternative materials to promote a more informed material selection process among designers. “The kit has achieved this purpose,” Friedland said.

However, they have no intention of stopping there. Since the first sample kit was launched in October 2021, the three partners have focused on curating a second kit, as well as on talking with designers and engineers about their experiences with the first and how it could be improved.

“We found that the variety of materials — PCR [post-consumer], PIR [post-industrial], mass-balanced, bio-based and biocomposite — was highly appreciated, as well as the fact that different suppliers were represented. The kit contained materials produced by global, established manufacturers as well as ones produced by new and innovative manufacturers who debuted their material in the kit,” Friedland said.

Neither the format nor the criteria used for curating the materials changed for the second kit, although it does consist of far more exotic materials, she added. “And this second kit, like the first, had the more established companies with more conservative solutions — mass-balanced or high PCR content — as well as new players in the plastic field. You can find a carbon-sequestered polymer, an oyster-based polymer, a beer-polymer, the first-ever Tetra Pak recyclate and more … all injection moldable and commercially available. We were really excited to see the results.”

What’s next?

For Positive Plastics, K 2022 offered the opportunity of a soft launch for the newest sample kit. Instead of a stand of its own, the Positive Plastics team opted to exhibit Kit No. 2 at the booths of the various manufacturers whose materials are part of the new kit.

The kit could be found at the Akro-Plastic, Covestro, Furukawa, Mocom, Solvay and UBQ booths. The official launch of Positive Plastics Kit No. 2 was held at the Greener Manufacturing Show, Nov. 9-10 in Cologne, Germany, Friedland said. She added that, having launched two kits in one year, they learned a lot. For the future, they have decided to offer a few additional services. Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles

“We are planning to launch the next kit — No. 3 — at the end of 2023 and maybe have additional industry focuses in the future: Positive Plastics for the automotive industry, Positive Plastics for consumer electronics, for example. The additional services we would offer for manufacturers include sample production and testing,” she said.

The sample developed by Positive Plastics co-founder Paloheimo and the possibilities its design offers for the visualization of the materials’ properties are highly appreciated by both designers and manufacturers. Manufacturers are welcome to have their materials produced in the Positive Plastics mold, even if the material is not part of the Positive Plastics collection, Friedland said.


Plastics with a positive perspective

-KazMunayGas launched PP production in Atyrau

Kazakhstan’s largest oil and gas company, KazMunayGas, has launched polypropylene (PP) production in Atyrau in western Kazakhstan, the company said in a statement.

So, on November 8, during a working visit to the Atyrau region, the Head of State Kassym-Jomart Tokayev launched the production of polypropylene.

The capacity of the Kazakhstan Petrochemical Industries (KPI) plant is 500 thousand tons of polypropylene per year. This is the first project of JSC “NC “KazMunayGas” in the field of deep processing of hydrocarbon raw materials.

Today, the demand of Kazakhstani producers in polypropylene is about 50 thousand tons per year.

The general contractorwasChina National Chemical Engineering Co. The licensor of technology is the American company LUMMUS Technology. The total cost of the project amounted to USD2.6 billion.77

% of the equipment was supplied from Europe, the USA, South Korea and Japan. These are world leaders in various industries – Siemens, SGS, MAN, Mitsubishi, ABB, Zeeco and others. Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles

The warehouse of finished products can simultaneously store 24, 64 thousand tons of products. At the initial stage, the plant will produce 11 of the most popular brands of polypropylene. At the same time, the technology used allows to produce up to 64 brands.

According tothe ICIS-MRC Price Review, negotiations on sales of Kazakh polypropylene both for supplies to the domestic market and for export were actively launched last week. Internal prices of polypropylene have been reduced.

KazMunayGas is Kazakhstan’s national operator for the exploration, production, processing and transportation of hydrocarbons, representing the interests of the state in the oil and gas industry. 90.42% of the company’s shares belong to the state fund “Samruk-Kazyna”, 9.58% – to the National Bank of Kazakhstan.


KazMunayGas launched PP production in Atyrau

-Polymer Composite Enables 50% Weight Reduction with No Loss in Strength, Durability

The polyethylene formulation infused with a proprietary, carbon-based material called Lyten 3D Graphene is engineered for rotational molding applications.

A polyethylene formulation infused with a proprietary, carbon-based material significantly reduces weight while maintaining product strength and durability.

The LytR polymer composite developed by Lyten incorporates Lyten 3D Graphene, a proprietary, tunable advanced materials platform. The co-polymer is engineered for exceptional stiffness, mold release, and impact strength, said Lyten. “It is designed for rotational molding applications that require increased stiffness and low-temperature toughness with a broad processing window,” added the company.

It was just announced that the material is being used by protective case maker Pelican Products to manufacture a new generation of transport cases, including cases intended for the US military, that are 50% lighter than standard cases yet maintain the same strength and durability. Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles

“LytR is purposely architected as a drop-in polymer replacement for the rotomold industry to unlock weight reduction without compromising strength,” said Bryce Anzelmo, PhD, Director of Product Management at Lyten. “Helping our customers manufacture products utilizing up to 50% less polyethylene could help reduce the carbon footprint in the $100 billion polyethylene market.”

A startup founded in 2015, Lyten is based in San Jose, CA. The Lyten 3D Graphene platform is its core innovation. Forthcoming commercial applications include the next-generation LytCell line of lithium-sulfur batteries for electric vehicles; a sensor array that has the potential to increase detection sensitivity for use in industrial, health, and safety applications; and the aforementioned LytR polymer composite. The company holds more than 290 patents issued or pending.


Polymer Composite Enables 50% Weight Reduction with No Loss in Strength, Durability

-Hydrogen, De Nora increases profit by 69% to 63.9 million
De Nora, which closed the first nine months of 2022 with a net profit of 63.9 million, an increase of 69% compared to the same period last year, even if discounting non-recurring items of € 19.4 million relating to the management incentive plan and € 3.5 million of ipo costs. The hydrogen group, which includes Snam and the Garrone (Erg) family among its shareholders, recorded an increase in all balance sheet items, with revenues up 51% to 616.6 million (from 406.1 million in the ‘previous year) due to both the increase in volumes and (for some business lines) the increase in prices applied to customers connected with the increase in the purchase prices of raw materials and in particular of some noble metals. Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles
De Nora increases margins and the backlog exceeds 640 million
Adjusted EBITDA reached 145.9 million (+ 79.3% compared to the first nine months of 2021), with a margin of 23.7%, followed by the 97.3 million EBIT and increased by 68.9% . After taxes for the period of 33.4 million (compared to 17.4 million in the first nine months of 2021), net profit therefore reached 63.9 million. The backlog also rises, reaching the record level in the history of the company of 646.4 million, up by 18.2% compared to the value of 31 December 2021.
2022 guidance on EBITDA confirmed. Revenue estimates are more cautious
The board confirmed the 2022 guidance with adjusted EBITDA in the area of ​​185-195 million euros. The situation was different for revenues, the target of which was set near the lower part of the 880-910 million range.
CEO Dellachà: growth in all segments and geographic areas
“The results of the first nine months of 2022 consolidate the strong growth in all corporate business segments and in all the geographical areas in which the group operates with consolidated revenues up 52%”, underlined the CEO, Paolo Dellachà, recalling as “at the same time we maintain a high level of profitability with an ebitda margin of almost 24% thanks to the continuous cost control and the management of commercial policies. These results confirm the solidity of our business model and allow us to confirm our targets for 2022 in terms of revenues and margins, despite the complex market context “.

Hydrogen, De Nora increases profit by 69% to 63.9 million

-Coca-Cola India partners with Zepto for the collection and recycling of PET Bottles

In a first-of-its-kind initiative, leading beverages major Coca-Cola India has partnered with 10-Min grocery delivery service, Zepto, for a unique ‘return and recycle’ initiative for PET bottles. The joint initiative seeks to establish an organized process of collection of PET bottles with 100 per cent traceability, to ensure effective plastic waste management.

In a first-of-its-kind initiative, leading beverages major Coca-Cola India has partnered with 10-Min grocery delivery service, Zepto, for a unique ‘return and recycle’ initiative for PET bottles. Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles

The joint initiative seeks to establish an organized process of collection of PET bottles with 100 per cent traceability, to ensure effective plastic waste management.

The initiative is an extension of The Coca-Cola Company’s global goal of creating a World Without Waste. In line with this vision, the Company’s partnership with Zepto in India intends to create a circular economy for plastic by connecting all participants in the PET recycling value chain

. Leveraging the Zepto two-wheeler distribution network, Coca-Cola India seeks to ‘collect back’ empty PET bottles of any brand from consumers.

Commenting on the initiative, Greishma Singh, Vice President, Customer & Commercial Leadership, India & South West Asia Operating Unit, The Coca-Cola Company, said, “At Coca-Cola, we are continuously leveraging our scale and reach across markets to reduce waste pollution and achieve our sustainability goals. This innovative partnership with Zepto provides a great platform to generate awareness, influence behavior, and encourage consumers to recycle PET bottles in a super convenient way from the comfort of their homes. We hope this partnership will enhance consumers’ inclusion in the path towards a more sustainable, better, shared future.”

Consumers can access the ‘Return PET Bottles’ feature on the Zepto app, where they can opt to return up to four empty PET bottles across any brand. The bottles will then be collected by Zepto riders during delivery.

The initiative has been launched in select locations in Mumbai and will further be scaled to other markets in India soon. Zepto has been leading a similar effort for paper bag collection on its app where customers have the option to help reuse bags by returning them to the delivery partner.

Vinay Dhanani, Chief Operating Officer at Zepto, said, “Zepto users have an eco-conscious mindset where they have consistently expressed their interest and passion towards sustainability. Being a future-first brand and firm believer in protecting the health of the environment, we see an opportunity in leveraging our expertise to contribute to environment-friendly initiatives. On the back of our last-mile delivery network in Mumbai, we have been able to seamlessly integrate with this initiative that ensures effective plastic waste management. As one of India’s youngest and fastest-growing startups, Zepto is excited to be a part of a collective change with Coca-Cola India that enables and inspires customers to make an impact. As we grow, our focus will be on creating an impact to build a better future for the generations to come.” Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles

The Coca-Cola Company’s World Without Waste initiative is aimed at finding solutions to global challenges of packaging waste, and is focused on three core pillars – (i) Design all primary consumer packaging to be recyclable by 2025 & use 50% recycled material in all packaging by 2030; (ii) Collect and recycle a bottle or can for every one the company sells by 2030; (iii) Partner: Bring people together to support a healthy, debris-free environment.


Coca-Cola India partners with Zepto for the collection and recycling of PET Bottles

Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles

Plastic-films – Cellulosic-ethanol 10-11-2022

Plastic-films – Cellulosic-ethanol 10-11-2022

Plastic-films – Cellulosic-ethanol

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Israeli scientists make breakthrough on producing ‘green’ hydrogen fuel

Their splitting process is assisted by solar energy and lowers the amount of the invested electrical energy needed to break the chemical bonds in the water molecule to generate hydrogen and oxygen.

One can split an atomic nucleus to produce energy, but can you also split water to create environment-friendly hydrogen fuel? Doing so currently has two drawbacks: It is both time and energy intensive.

But now, researchers at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Beersheba and the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa have taken a different path. BGU environmental physicist Prof. Arik Yochelis and Technion materials science professor Avner Rothschild believe they have identified new pathways that would speed up the catalytic process they think will reduce the invested electrical energy costs significantly.

Their splitting process is assisted by solar energy, which is known scientifically by the term photoelectrochemistry, and lowers the amount of the invested electrical energy needed to break the chemical bonds in the water molecule to generate hydrogen and oxygen. Oxygen evolution – the process of generating molecular oxygen (O2) by a chemical reaction, usually from water – requires the transfer of four electrons to create one oxygen molecule and then the adding of two hydrogen molecules to make water.

Oxygen evolution from water is carried out via oxygenic photosynthesis, which involves electrolysis of water and thermal decomposition of various oxides. This biological process supports aerobic life. When relatively pure oxygen is required industrially, it is isolated by distillation of liquefied air.

According to the current model, those electrons move one after the other in a sequence of four steps on an atomic reaction site that make the chemical reaction energetically difficult. Plastic-films – Cellulosic-ethanol

A paradigm shift in green hydrogen fuel

However, Yochelis and Rothschild showed – both theoretically and experimentally – a new paradigm where two electrons can simultaneously be transferred at different reaction sites, reducing the energy barriers for oxygen evolution. They were originally deterred by experiments that did not fit the existing paradigm, so they set out to find a different technique.

Their findings were published in the top peer-reviewed journal in the field of sustainability, Energy & Environmental Science, under the title “Parallel water photo-oxidation reaction pathways in hematite photoanodes: implications for solar fuel production.” The study was supported by the Science and Technology Ministry and largely conducted by doctoral student Anton Tsyganok (Technion) and postdoctoral fellow Dr. Paulino Monroy-Castillero (BGU).

“Our research changes the common understanding within the scientific community about the catalytic mechanism for oxygen evolution – a central and important reaction that represents a bottleneck in producing hydrogen from water,” said Rothschild, who is a faculty member of the Technion’s materials science and engineering department.

“By combining knowledge and experience from two different fields, we showed that the catalytic reaction is more complicated than people think,” he said. “We hope this new understanding will lead to additional breakthroughs in materials development and new processes to create clean fuels from renewable resources in order to facilitate the transition to net-zero.”

Yochelis, a faculty member of BGU’s Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research in Sde Boker, said: “Over and above the scientific contribution of the research, it is important to emphasize the importance of the multidisciplinary approach and collaborations when dealing with complex systems like the energy system. Plastic-films – Cellulosic-ethanol


Plastic-films - Cellulosic-ethanol

-Mann + Hummel divests plastics business

Mann + Hummel has underlined its future focus on its filtration business as its main driver with the sale of its global high-performance plastic parts business to Mutares SE & Co.

The plastics business, which comprises products other than filtration and separation solutions, was transferred to Mutares on October 1, 2022. The carved-out business will operate under the new name MoldTecs.

As part of the transaction, Mann+Hummel’s production facilities in Bad Harzburg, Sonneberg (both Germany) and Laval (France) with approximately 1,500 employees have been transferred.

“The transaction is an important milestone for Mann+Hummel and marks a further step in the technology-driven company’s transformation in line with its vision of leadership in filtration,” the company said. “With an absolute focus on filtration and separation solutions in the areas of Transportation and Life Sciences & Environment, Mann+Hummel will be able to speed up and further solidify its transformation strategy.

“Sharpening the strategic profile will allow the family-owned company to increasingly steer investments and research in sustainability and alternative drive concepts to deepen its commitment to cleaner mobility, cleaner air, and cleaner water. Mann+Hummel will continue to offer innovative filtration solutions to automotive customers, including International Aftermarket offerings and services.”


Plastic-films - Cellulosic-ethanol

-Saperatec combining technologies to separate laminates

Multilayered flexible plastic packaging has long been the bane of recyclers. Functional layers that are laminated together to create high-performance packaging solutions serve their purpose well during the lifetime of the product. The end of life is a different story: because separating these layers has, up until now, been a serious challenge, these highly-engineered laminates have, for the most part, simply been considered as being unrecyclable.

That’s all about to change, if Saperatec GmbH has anything to do with it. After years of working to develop an approach that separates plastics and other materials from one another, the Germany-based company has created  technology that uses a combination of chemistry and mechanics, making it possible to delaminate thin-layer composite materials and enabling these to be recycled. Plastic-films – Cellulosic-ethanol

“Our world relies on advanced materials,” CEO Thorsten Hornung said, speaking during an interview at K.

“Many of these important aspects of life rely on composite materials. And composite materials are, on the other side, hard to recycle. Because you have combination of plastics, paper, metals, glass and so on.”

The company’s approach is based on a water-based fluid, developed after 10 years of research. No enzymes, no solvents.

“In 2016 or thereabouts, the management decided to focus on laminated flexible packaging and the fluid that was tested and invented and improved over the past years was then dedicated to these applications,” said Lars-Oliver Stock, COO at Saperatec.

“It’s based on mechanical recycling, but we have a delamination step in between. Our focus right now is flexible packaging with an aluminium barrier layer, used generally for applications such as coffee pouches and dog foods.”

He added that the feedstock mainly comes from the PolyAl waste from beverage cartons. “Nowadays the PolyAl goes into incineration most of the time or into concrete applications. Another source is postindustrial film foil misprints, roll ends. There’s a lot of waste during production which is very clean pure material.”

He continued, adding that the idea for the technology came from the university, which led to the founding of the company. We started at lab scale and worked steadily further, first moving to a 3-litre scale where we could process maybe 100 grams at a single time, and ultimately reaching pilot plant scale, where we have a cubic meter vessel to which we can add maybe 50 to 100 kilos of material,” explained Stock.

How does it work?

The process is a hot wash one, said Hornung. Perhaps the best way to visualise this is to compare it to doing the laundry. Except the washing machine is actually a giant vessel – think something like a fermentation tank found at a craft brewery – that heats and stirs laminated packaging that’s been shredded to just a few centimetres in size.

“Then we add our specially formulated separation liquid,” he said.

Chemistry allows the liquid to get in between layers and the heat and agitation helps complete the process, resulting in plastics separating from other constituents.

Saperatec uses different chemical mixtures for different applications based on what is being processed. Plastic-films – Cellulosic-ethanol

“Packaging is our focus right now. That’s where we’ve commercialised the technology. But we also have working solutions plastic compositions like car safety glasses, like electronic device displays,” he said.

Once materials are separated, they are washed, screened, sorted and dried. The separation liquid is reconditioned and can be reused more than 30 times, the company said. And the chemistry, which Saperatec does not reveal, is so mild that spent liquid can be discharged to municipal wastewater treatment plants, the CEO said.

The separated plastic – such as polyethylene – is then processed into a regranulate using established technology, from which plastic foils can be produced again. The separated aluminium foil is supplied to aluminium producers for reuse.

New plant

The company is now constructing its own first commercial-scale processing plant at an existing industrial site in Dessau-Roßlau in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. Spanning some 5000 m2, it will initially process 18,000 metric tons of material each year. Eventually, that number is expected to reach 30,000 tonnes.

“We are currently moving in the equipment ,” said Stock. “Commissioning will take place during the summer of next year.”

The project is being funded by the federal State of Saxony-Anhalt and the European Union as part of the Horizon 2020 research funding programme.

This first plant will run on a continuous basis by relying on the output of 10 separate delamination tanks, the CEO explained. While delamination will take place as a batch process, the facility actually will operate on a continuous basis in the steps leading up to and after delamination by moving from one tank to the next.

Saperatec’s ambitions do not stop at this first plant.

“We are set to grow this technology beyond this first plant,” said Horning. “We will start looking for further projects next year, essentially discussions about that have already started. We plan to bring this technology not only to the European Union but also to other markets,” he said.

The company’s product can also be used by companies who need to comply with upcoming European legislation requiring products to contain at least  35% recycled material.

“That’s what we are demonstrating here:  derived from film, it can go back into film, in a closed loop. Up to 50% is possible,” he said, pointing to the pouch displayed on the stand made from 35% recyclate derived from beverage cartons. Plastic-films – Cellulosic-ethanol


Plastic-films - Cellulosic-ethanol

-Citizen scientist project finds 60% of ‘compostable plastic’ doesn’t compost

Single use isn’t it.

Composting shouldn’t need to be complicated. You put all your food waste in a pile, mix it with some leaves and turn it occasionally while bacteria and fungi do their thing to break it back into soil.

But compostable plastics opens a whole can of worms.

A study published last week in Frontiers of Sustainability looked at how “bioplastics” — so-called biodegradable plastic which breaks down in specific conditions — were able to be home composted. When the small army of citizen scientists who helped with the project peeled back the worm blanket, they found that bioplastic seemed both overhyped and unable to deliver. Plastic-films – Cellulosic-ethanol

The researchers found that 60% of home-compostable plastic does not fully disintegrate in home compost bins. Composters who were part of the study were also confused about what sort of bioplastics can be put in a home compost bin, with some trying to compost products made for industrial composting. The team were so underwhelmed with the result, they asked ‘what economic or environmental problem do biodegradable plastics solve?’

The researchers undertook a project called the ‘Big Compost Experiment’ between 2019 and 2021. Almost 10,000 UK residents were part of a survey to gauge thoughts and opinions about compostable packaging. About 900 people completed a home composting experiment, where they placed a piece of home compostable packaging into a mesh bag and placed it into their compost for decomposition.

“Our data also shows that citizens are confused about what the labels on compostable and biodegradable packaging mean. For example, 60% of sampled items tested in home composting experiments were not certified home compostable,” the team write in the new paper.

“Our evidence [shows] citizens don’t understand these complexities of compostable or biodegradable packaging and yet are enthusiastic about buying them (85% reported doing so).”

The results were stark. A whopping 55% of the samples labelled as ‘home compostable’ were found to be still ‘clearly visible’ after the composting time period (between 3 and 21 months), while another 11% still showed small pieces. Only 34% had seemingly composted completely.

Is Australia any better?

“[The 60% result] does not surprise me as it echoes anecdotal evidence I have heard often in Australia,” Jennifer Macklin, a researcher at the Monash Sustainable Development Institute who focuses on recycling, told Cosmos.  Plastic-films – Cellulosic-ethanol

“Part of the reason is that home compostable certification assumes certain ‘typical’ (or ideal) conditions attained in a home compost, and it is likely that some or even many home composts are not reaching these conditions due to lack of knowledge or time, local environment, and climate.

“The certification system assumes that the item will spend a certain amount of time in these conditions, time that is usually longer than needed to break down garden and/or food waste, and home composters may be used to much shorter timeframes. This doesn’t mean the certification is ‘false’ just that the ‘criteria’ may not be realistic enough given the diversity of home composting experiences.”

The researchers highlight that this is particularly a problem if the un-composted plastic is being spread onto vegetable gardens or fruit trees. Microplastics are already being found in our water, food and poo, but there’s also questions about what sort of chemicals could be leaching into the soil from the half-composted plastic. The researchers found (in England) that 83% of composters use their compost to grow edible plants, fruits, and vegetables.

Compostable plastic is also not widely used in larger industrial composting – so you also can’t just throw any compostable plastic into a council organics bin.

“Even if an organics processor could theoretically compost the item, they have no way of separating certified products from uncertified products in their waste stream,” says Macklin.

“So, they have to ban all plastic-looking products in order to ensure that they don’t end up with traditional plastic contaminating their organics.”

According to Richard Fine, the founder of compostable packaging company Biopak, this is not the case in some places, like South Australia.

“Some states like SA they are far more advanced and are able to accept certified compostable packaging in the [Food Organics Garden Organics] FOGO kerbside collections,” he told Cosmos via email.

“Claims regarding the degradation of plastics can be highly confusing and understanding the difference can actually be quite simple.

“The seedling logo (industrially compostable) is an international certification and symbol to clearly identify certified compostable materials. We also have a different certification and logo used for products certified home compostable.”

Single use bioplastic

The problem at the heart of all this is the idea that we just need to swap one material for another, and that this new material will be better for the planet. The current trend is “single use” bioplastics or compostable plastics.

If the plastic is made from plants and can be composted in a regular composting pile, the system is theoretically better for the planet.

“The idea that a material can be sustainable is a widespread misconception,” the researchers write in their new paper.

“Only a [whole] system of production, collection, and reprocessing of a material can be sustainable.”

Both Macklin and the researchers highlight circumstances where compostable plastics can be useful. Macklin points to food courts and commercial kitchens, where the entire circular economy of the ecosystem can be managed. The researchers suggest packaging that cannot be recycled because of contamination — like fruit stickers, tea bags, nappies, or wipes. Plastic-films – Cellulosic-ethanol


Citizen scientist project finds 60% of ‘compostable plastic’ doesn’t compost

-Boosting recycling of plastic films for a European circular and climate-neutral economy

The EU-funded CIMPA project united experts from across the European recycling value chain to tackle the mounting challenge of managing the more than 2.6 million tonnes of multilayer plastic films that are incinerated or landfilled.

Multilayer plastics consist of several layers of materials, from plastics (PET, PE, and PA) to aluminum and beyond. They are mostly used in packaging to enhance food safety and extend shelf life or in agriculture for crop protection, yet they pose challenges to recyclers.

A multistakeholder workshop hosted by EuRIC, the European Recycling Industries’ Confederation, took place on November 3 to discuss innovative solutions to overcoming this societal challenge.

Preliminary results were presented, including more efficient techniques for sorting multilayer plastics through digital watermarks and NIR, novel decontamination and upgrading processes, and enhanced physical recycling (dissolution).

Topics such as the future of EPR schemes and how to incentivize product design, the impact of mandatory recycled content for plastic products, and achieving better cooperation across the value chain were prominently featured at the workshop.

“European recyclers are committed to addressing the challenges posed by multilayer plastics. Innovation is key and the EU-funded CIMPA project will better enable us to upscale recycling for a truly circular and climate-neutral economy”, stated Emmanuel Katrakis, Secretary General of EURIC. Plastic-films – Cellulosic-ethanol

“CIMPA’s initial results revealed very exciting results on decontamination, sorting, and the upgrading of physical and mechanical recycling. The workshop also enabled us to collect input from external stakeholders”, noted Céline Chevallier, CIMPA coordinator and materials development project manager at IPC (France).

Source: Euric


Boosting recycling of plastic films for a European circular and climate-neutral economy

-Shell and Raizen sign large cellulosic ethanol deal

Shell has agreed to buy a total of 3.25 billion litres of sugar-cane cellulosic ethanol under a long-term agreement with Brazil’s Raizen, said the company.

The low-carbon fuel is expected to be produced by five plants that Raizen plans to build in Brazil, bringing its total portfolio of cellulosic ethanol facilities to nine.

Shell contributed the cellulosic ethanol technology during the formation of Raizen, a joint venture with Cosan SA, in 2011. Since then, Raizen has developed and scaled-up the process for making low-carbon intensity ethanol from sugar-cane waste. The new plants will enable Raizen to operate highly integrated bio-energy parks, while the supply deal will help Shell with its strategy of becoming a net-zero emissions energy business by 2050.

By making use of sugar-cane waste, Raizen’s second-generation ethanol (E2G) technology can produce about 50% more ethanol from the same amount of land.

The new plants, the first of which is expected to begin production in 2025, will enable Raizen to provide significantly more low-carbon fuel without creating land-use competition with food crops. Plastic-films – Cellulosic-ethanol

Raizen expects to invest around USD1.5 billion in the plants, the last of which is expected to be operational by the end of 2027, at the latest.

Shell has acquired Singapore-registered waste oil recycling firm EcoOils via wholly-owned subsidiary Shell Eastern Petroleum for an undisclosed fee. This acquisition is part of Shell’s ambition to increase production of sustainable low carbon fuels for transport, including sustainable aviation fuel, it said in a statement. The deal includes all of EcoOils’ Malaysian subsidiaries and 90% of its Indonesian subsidiary, Shell said.


Shell and Raizen sign large cellulosic ethanol deal

-Braskem Announces a New Renewable Innovation Center in Lexington, Massachusetts

Braskem’s new Boston metro area innovation center will focus on accelerating early-stage innovations in renewable chemicals and sustainable materials

The investment will fuel the discovery of new technologies aligned with Braskem’s commitment to a Carbon-Neutral Circular Economy and help drive future business success

Braskem the largest polyolefins producer in the Americas, as well as a market leader and pioneer producer of biopolymers on an industrial scale, today announced the construction of a new Renewable Innovation Center located in Lexington, Massachusetts at the Lexington Labs at 10 Maguire Road in Lexington, MA owned by Greatland Realty Partners. Braskem’s new 35,000-square-foot innovation center will focus on accelerating innovation in renewable chemicals and sustainable materials. Capabilities at the new center will expand Braskem’s competencies in biotechnology, catalysis, process engineering, and open innovation. Plastic-films – Cellulosic-ethanol

A particular focus will be given to early-stage science and engineering related to the conversion of biomass-based feedstocks, including sugars, cellulose, plant oils, and lignin, to sustainable chemicals and materials. This will enhance Braskem’s resources focused on the discovery of technologies that will drive new growth-oriented offerings centered around Carbon Circularity.  This new innovation center is the latest expansion of Braskem’s global Innovation & Technology footprint. Plastic-films – Cellulosic-ethanol

Mark Nikolich, CEO of Braskem America, stated “Our new Renewable Innovation Center reflects Braskem’s ongoing commitment to a Carbon-Neutral Circular Economy and having a positive impact on the environment. Braskem intends to invest around $20 million to build our Renewable Innovation Center and will continue to invest in developing and retaining a world-class, Boston metro area-based innovation team to create proprietary intellectual property in the areas of sustainable chemicals and materials, all of which will be critical to the future success of Braskem’s global business.”

“The Town of Lexington is a leader in adopting Carbon-Neutral sustainable policies and is committed to driving down its greenhouse gas emissions to meet its climate action goals. Braskem’s new Renewable Innovation Center’s commitment to a Carbon-Neutral Circular Economy aligns with Lexington’s goals and commitment to attracting businesses and development that demonstrate sustainable innovation. This facility will be a great addition to Greater Boston’s life sciences ecosystem,” shared Sandhya Iyer, Economic Development Director, Town of Lexington.

Today’s announcement builds upon Braskem’s current Boston-based research team led by Daniel MacEachran, Global Head of Biotechnology, who is leading the new Renewable Innovation Center build-out and professional team expansion. With the initial design and construction phase currently underway, Braskem expects the project to be completed in the second half of 2023, following the successful completion of final validation and commissioning. The new center is strategically based in Boston’s world-class metro area biotechnology and innovation ecosystem, located within a one-hour drive of more than 60 universities and colleges. Work in the new Lexington center will complement Braskem’s global R&D work currently being conducted in Campinas and Triunfo, Brazil as well as in Pittsburgh, Pa. Plastic-films – Cellulosic-ethanol

“Braskem is already a worldwide leader in renewable polymers and chemicals and this major new investment in a U.S. built-for-purpose, renewable innovation center further solidifies our position. With clear and ambitious long-term commitments to people, science, and the planet, the early-stage innovations we are exploring today are what will make a more sustainable tomorrow possible,” said Daniel MacEachran.

From promoting plastic circularity to driving the bio-based materials revolution, Braskem is committed to diminishing the dependency on finite resources and reducing carbon emissions while generating a positive impact for a better society.

Antonio Queiroz, Vice President of Innovation, Technology, and Sustainable Development at Braskem stated, “We believe disruptive innovation is the path to sustainability. We want to expand Braskem’s ability to take it to a new standard in the industry, increasing investments, dedicating resources, and attracting great minds. We know that to achieve real sustainability, we also need to bet on innovation when creating new materials. The launch of Braskem’s new I&T Center will foster the development of new solutions for chemicals and plastics.” Plastic-films – Cellulosic-ethanol


Braskem Announces a New Renewable Innovation Center in Lexington, Massachusetts

-Husky exhibits at Gulfood manufacturing – showcases complete technologies, solutions and services to enable regional packaging producers

Husky TechnologiesTM, a pioneering technology provider enabling the delivery of essential needs to the global community, is exhibiting at Gulfood Manufacturing 2022 in Dubai, UAE from November 8-11. Husky’s booth (HALL 2, STAND B 2-4) is showcasing the company’s latest technologies, solutions and services engineered to enable regional food and beverage packaging producers to achieve world-class levels of growth, sustainability, flexibility, differentiation, and stability. Plastic-films – Cellulosic-ethanol

“Husky works closely with our customers in the Middle East and Africa to gain a true appreciation for the unique manufacturing challenges they face as a result of changing market conditions and consumer demands,” said Wassim Labban, Husky’s Vice President, Rigid Packaging, EEMEIA, SEA, ANZ. “We’ve seen that these challenges require regional food and beverage packaging producers to take a more holistic approach to manufacturing that is beyond hardware. At Gulfood Manufacturing, we are presenting how our complete solutions enable producers to build more resilient, stable, cost-effective operations while consistently delivering the highest quality, most sustainable packaging.”

At Gulfood Manufacturing, Husky is debuting HyPET CompleteTM. As the industry’s only complete, end-to- end, connected production solution, HyPET CompleteTM was developed to address ongoing challenges of food and beverage packaging producers, ranging from rising energy and material costs, to supply chain fluctuations, to skilled labor shortages, to demands to be more sustainable. Modelled to transform variability into stability throughout every stage of PET preform production, HyPET CompleteTM enables producers to build more stable manufacturing models that are less affected by such dynamic external factors.

HyPET CompleteTM was founded on an end-to-end approach that incorporates factory planning and tooling lifecycle optimization, workforce training and development, a fully digitized delivery model and OEM parts solution, as well as the company’s industry-leading

Advantage+EliteTM proactive, predictive, transparent remote monitoring solution. Designed to enable producers to navigate through today’s most prevalent challenges, HyPET CompleteTM is particularly relevant to producers who are looking for more energy efficient manufacturing processes and packaging materials, such as PET, to offset fluctuating costs.

Dedicated to continuous innovation, HyPET CompleteTM is supported by Husky’s latest generation platform of proven HyPETTM systems, which are tailored for the production of rPET to include a purpose-built drying solution, optimized energy management, enhanced melt control, automated mold cleaning, integrated part quality inspection, and more.


Husky exhibits at Gulfood manufacturing – showcases complete technologies, solutions and services to enable regional packaging producers

Plastic-films – Cellulosic-ethanol

Plastic-sustainability – China-textile 09-11-2022

Plastic-sustainability – China-textile 09-11-2022

Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Stora Enso’s pilot plant for a breakthrough bioplastic is well underway. What will happen next?

The launch of a new bioplastics pilot plant in the Flanders region in Belgium will enable a new bioplastics production technology, ready for implementation at industrial scale.

In the decades to come, bio-based materials will be standard components of various packaging solutions. As a response to this demand, In December 2019, Stora Enso announced an investment of EUR 9 million to build a pilot facility enabling the production of bioplastics. The objective is to test FuraCore®, Stora Enso’s breakthrough technology to produce furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA), a major building block of bioplastic PEF (PolyEthylene Furanoate).

From pilot production in 2022 towards commercialisation in 2026

Since the initial investment announcement, things have advanced at a rapid pace. Construction of the plant has been completed, and the commissioning is well underway. Initial production will start by year-end 2022, and, after that, things will quickly move towards regular production of FDCA, and PEF with partners.

According to VP Emerging Business, Dirk den Ouden, the next step is to ensure everything runs in a stable way and to collect data for the next scale-up. Once samples are available in large enough quantities, Stora Enso will work with partners and potential customers on validating the FuraCore® products in a range of applications.

– We’ll soon have our pilot fully up and running, producing material for testing, says den Ouden. The proof point of years of breakthrough R&D is now around the corner.

The bigger picture of the piloting effort is to validate the chemical process and provide sample material to gain further insight into market needs and product demands. The pilot facility will initially use industrially available sugar (fructose) to produce high-value chemicals and materials for application testing.

In the future, the intention is to run the process on sugars extracted from wood and other non-food-based biomass. Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

– Nature happens to provide our raw material in a very efficient way via crops. That’s where we’ll start. Implementing FuraCore® chemistry at large scale globally, however, requires us to rethink our raw material sourcing. That’s where sugars from trees and agricultural residues come in.

The Flanders region as a hub for bio-based technologies

With the Flanders region having become a focal point for the bio-based economy, it would be an ideal region to industrialize the FuraCore® process. The central location of the pilot facility at the Langerbrugge recycled paper mill near Ghent brings access to skilled people and critical service providers in the region. At just an hour from Brussels, it makes partner visits easy to arrange.

The journey of developing a plastic that makes sense is in full swing.

– Come and join us, Den Ouden concludes, and be part of a renewable packaging revolution.


Plastic-sustainability - China-textile

-China’s textile sector logs growth in first 9 months

China’s textile industry posted stable revenue growth in the first three quarters of the year, official data showed.

Textile companies with an annual main business revenue of at least 20 million yuan (about 2.76 million U.S. dollars) raked in 3.86 trillion yuan in revenue in the period, up 3.1 percent year on year, according to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.

The total value-added output of these companies went down 0.4 percent year on year during the period. Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

The combined sales of main retailers amounted to 12.38 trillion yuan in the January-September period, up 3 percent from a year earlier.

The country’s textile and garment exports totaled 248.4 billion U.S. dollars in the same period, an increase of 9.1 percent year on year.


Plastic-sustainability - China-textile

-Plastic Packaging May Not Be So Bad, After All

McKinsey & Co. conducts a lifecycle analysis of plastic packaging versus alternative materials for a number of applications and finds that the majority of plastic packages offer fewer GHGs.

Amidst the ongoing demonization of single-use plastic packaging, global consulting firm McKinsey & Co.has published a thought-provoking report on the  “Climate Impacts of Plastics,”  and the conclusions may surprise you. When examining the total greenhouse gas (GHG) contribution of plastics versus its alternatives, including product lifecycle (cradle to grave) and impact of use, it found that among those applications for which non-plastic alternatives are used at scale, the plastics examined in the report offer a lower total greenhouse gas GHG contribution compared with alternatives in 13 of 14 cases, including both direct and indirect value-chain emissions. These GHG savings ranged from 10% to 90%, considering both product lifecycle and impact of use.

Furthermore, the report noted, when indirect impacts were excluded, such as lower food spoilage in the case of food packaging, and only direct lifecycle emissions, including production, retail transport, and end-of-life disposition, were considered, plastics had the lowest GHG impact in nine of the 14 applications. Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

“Plastics are ubiquitous across the global economy and the subject of frequent debate, from their impact on marine pollution to their recyclability,” says McKinsey. “However, their role in enhancing use efficiencies, such as decreasing food spoilage and reducing greenhouse gas emissions, is often overlooked. Rather, plastics are frequently maligned across topics such as leakage to the environment, toxicity, use of resources, production emissions, and ocean pollution. Although these important considerations need to be addressed, an opportunity exists for a more balanced, science-based perspective on plastics versus alternative materials.”

The 30-page document includes information on the markets selected—packaging, building and construction, automotive, textiles, and consumer durables, which represent around 90% of plastics volume—the methodology used, and in-depth details on several of the applications studied. McKinsey’s analysis was based on the U.S. market in 2020, with additional sensitivities to illustrate the impact in other regions and how results will change as the global environment moves toward a “decarbonized world” in 2050.

Among the findings of the report related to packaging in the U.S.:

  • When high-density polyethylene grocery bags are compared with the next-best alternative, paper bags, HDPE packaging is found to have 80% fewer total GHGs.
  • Wet pet-food packaging in PET and polypropylene versus aluminum or steel packaging has 70% fewer emissions.
  • PET soft drink containers emit 50% fewer GHGs than aluminum bottles.
  • Fresh meat packaging made from expanded polystyrene or polyvinyl chloride has a 35% smaller GHG footprint compared to fresh meat packaging made from paper.
  • When compared with glass soap containers, HDPE soap containers have 15% fewer GHGs. Plastic-sustainability – China-textile
  • Industrial drums made of HDPE emit 30% more GHGs than those made from steel.
  • When comparing plastics versus plastics-enabled mixed materials, McKinsey found that HDPE milk containers have 5% greater GHG emissions than paper, while the GHG emissions of EPS water cups and paper cups are on par.

One of the applications chosen for a deep-dive analysis in the report is soft drink containers. McKinsey explains that it based its analysis on a comparison of 20-oz PET bottles with 12-oz aluminum cans and 12-oz glass bottles, selected because they represent the most common beverage container sizes for their respective material substrates. According to the LCA, PET bottles have the lowest emissions of all the materials, due to their lightweight properties and the low amount of energy required to produce them. “By contrast, aluminum cans have two times the emissions of PET bottles, and emissions from glass bottles are three times higher,” shares the report.

While the PET bottle has the lowest production emissions, the lifecycle analysis found that it has the least favorable GHG emissions for its end-of-life disposition. “PET has the lowest recycling rate and credits from avoided virgin production among the three materials. It also has the highest emissions from waste-to-energy. PET releases CO2 when burned, whereas aluminum and glass do not,” explains the report. “However, the GHG impact of production emissions is more significant than end-of-life disposition emissions, resulting in PET having the lowest GHG impact.”

In its study, McKinsey also found that the indirect value-chain impacts of plastics can be quite substantial, particularly in the case of plastic used in food packaging. “There are few at-scale alternatives to plastic in food packaging across a broad range of applications, driven primarily by reduced food spoilage when using plastics,” says the report.


Plastic Packaging May Not Be So Bad, After All

-Association of Plastics Recyclers Recognizes Cavitated PE Technology

Void Technologies’ VO+ PE Masterbatch Technology Achieves Critical Guidance Recognition

Void Technologies announced it has received Critical Guidance recognition from the APR for its proprietary process to create low density cavitated films, confirming its compatibility with PE film recycling in the US.

The VO+ technology creates micro and nano-scale air pockets in plastic, creating a film with a reduced environmental footprint. Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

VO+ films are produced by blending the masterbatch with PE as part of the film extrusion process. The orientation process causes the VO+ additives to separate from the primary polymer to create a non-breathable voided structure. The combination of MDO and cavitation leads to improved film performance including puncture resistance, toughness, and high opacity.

PE films produced using Void’s new process offer a 35% material savings from density reduction and down-gauging.  Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

The APR recognition comes after laboratory testing confirmed that the technology is compatible with current, industrial-scale, film to film recycling processes. Thanks to the low density of VO+ PE films, they will float in separation systems. During the recycling process, VO+ films will turn from white to clear and will retain similar properties to recycled PE resins.

Void’s VO+ PE masterbatch technology was developed for use in a range of applications such as laminates, frozen food, wicketed bags, and flow wraps for confectionery.


Plastic-sustainability - China-textile

-KHS integrates preferential heating into InnoPET Blomax Series V

Complex container shapes produced efficiently

KHS integrates optimized preferential heating module into InnoPET Blomax Series V (KHS)

Dortmund machine and systems manufacturer KHS has integrated preferential heating into its latest generation of stretch blow molders, the KHS InnoPET Blomax Series V, to shape containers more efficiently.

For years, it seemed practically impossible to make oval pet bottles with any great degree of precision. The big challenge was to homogeneously distribute the material throughout the irregularly formed plastic container. The breakthrough ultimately came with the introduction of sophisticated preferential heating technology. Henceforth, it was possible to produce complex container shapes of an optimum weight with the help of pet stretch blow molding machines. KHS has used this energy-efficient process in its systems since 1997.

Developed in the early 1970s, the pet bottle very quickly embarked on a remarkable march of triumph across the globe. Its lightweight and excellent barrier properties make the plastic container the ideal form of packaging for products found in everyday use. It is thus no surprise that in the beverage and food industries and home and personal care sector the pet bottle is one of the most popular packaging options. Plastic receptacles also offer clear added value at the point of sale: as they can be easily formed when heated, these containers can now be made in practically any shape, whether this is round, oval, or rectangular. Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

However, more complex bottle bodies make especially high demands on the production process. The even distribution of the plastic material in particular is a challenging task that tests conventional stretch blow molders to their limits. This heat preforms evenly so that on non-round containers the areas that first come into contact with the blow mold, cool down sooner. The result is that the pet hardens at these points faster and the material is distributed unevenly. Only the use of a specially developed heating system known as preferential heating also enables the wall thickness of pet bottles with more complex shapes to be radially distributed with any precision – and thus bottles with an optimized weight to be produced.

Maximum precision

KHS has used the energy-efficient preferential heating method on its InnoPET Blomax stretch blow molder series since 1997. The preform is first heated in the standard heater where the container constantly rotates to ensure that it is evenly heated. This rotation is deliberately interrupted in the downstream preferential heating module so that only certain areas of the PET preform continue to be actively heated from two sides. The distance of the preforms to one another is kept as small as possible, thus significantly lowering the machine’s energy consumption. This is also assisted by KHS’ highly efficient NIR heating system. The precise alignment of the heating profile also yields higher quality.

Due to preferential heating, the pet material is evenly distributed in the container wall across the oval cross-section. This process ensures that wall thicknesses are identical and is thus largely instrumental in securing the stability and quality of the container. At the same time, users save significant amounts of plastic, for without preferential heating the uneven distribution of materials would have to be compensated for by increasing the wall thickness. In the final process step the bottle is optionally aligned by its shape and fed into the conveying system.

KHS first used the preferential heating method in its InnoPET Blomax Series II, with the procedure also available for successor models Series III and Series IV. Around 60 machines are currently on the market, with most of them in Europe and North America. Customers primarily include companies in the home and personal care sector who manufacture products such as laundry and dishwashing detergents, soaps, shower gels and shampoos. This special heating method is also used in the manufacture of containers for liquid foods such as ketchup, honey, mustard and oil. Converters are another example of businesses who trust in this KHS technology. Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

Henkel relies on preferential heating by KHS

German consumer goods manufacturer Henkel most recently invested in a KHS stretch blow molder with preferential heating for its Fa body care brand. Further machines are being used by the company around the world to produce fabric softeners and household detergents. This investment has allowed Henkel to optimize its production processes, with the company now manufacturing pet containers cost-effectively in house. This makes production plans more flexible. At the same time, fewer resources are used as trucks no longer have to travel lengthy distances.

The joint cooperation is a showcase project – particularly when it comes to sustainability and the use of resources. The customer’s 250-milliliter bottle, for instance, now consumes 14% less material than the previous versions while maintaining the required bottle quality. The bottles also consist of 100% recycled pet.

Blow molding technology

The team of experts at KHS is currently further developing the preferential heating module so that it is compatible with its latest generation of stretch blow molders, the InnoPET Blomax Series V. Here, the module is integrated into the usual heater as standard. The aim is to keep the heater box the same and that only the length of the full heater changes in relation to capacity. Standardizing this feature considerably reduces the range of parts needed and makes maintenance and inspection much easier. Delivery times for the machine and its components are also shorter as a result of these optimizations. In addition, the system is more flexible as it can now process both round and oval containers as an optional function.

Improved energy balance

Furthermore, the KHS team has upped the performance to a maximum 2,000 bottles per station and hour. The number of stations ranges from six to 16, with the total output thus at between 12,000 and 32,000 bottles an hour.

The bottle discharge has been optimized: here, the pet bottles are transported by their necks by special grippers. Oriented bottle guiding not only prevents the containers from catching but also boosts production efficiency. During planning the KHS experts deliberately omitted to include format parts that have to be changed over according to the container shape.

Finally, those responsible for the project have further improved the energy efficiency of the new system. It now yields similar energy savings to the standard version of the InnoPET Blomax Series V over the predecessor model, with the optimized heating technology causing up to 40% less energy to be consumed.

The Covid-19 pandemic led to the country-wide lockdown on 25 March 2020. It will be two years tomorrow as I write this. What have we learned in this time? Maybe the meaning of resilience since small companies like us have had to rely on our resources and the forbearance of our employees as we have struggled to produce our trade platforms.

The print and packaging industries have been fortunate, although the commercial printing industry is still to recover. We have learned more about the digital transformation that affects commercial printing and packaging. Ultimately digital will help print grow in a country where we are still far behind in our paper and print consumption and where digital is a leapfrog technology that will only increase the demand for print in the foreseeable future.

Web analytics show that we now have readership in North America and Europe amongst the 90 countries where our five platforms reach. Our traffic which more than doubled in 2020, has at times gone up by another 50% in 2021. And advertising which had fallen to pieces in 2020 and 2021, has started its return since January 2022.

As the economy approaches real growth with unevenness and shortages a given, we are looking forward to the PrintPack India exhibition in Greater Noida. We are again appointed to produce the Show Daily on all five days of the show from 26 to 30 May 2022.

It is the right time to support our high-impact reporting and authoritative and technical information with some of the best correspondents in the industry.

Readers can power Packaging South Asia’s balanced industry journalism and help sustain us by subscribing. Plastic-sustainability – China-textile


KHS integrates preferential heating into InnoPET Blomax Series V

-EU: 4.8 tonnes of waste generated per inhabitant

In 2020, the total waste generated in the EU by all economic activities and households amounted to 2,151 million tonnes or 4,808 kilograms per capita.

In the EU, construction contributed 37.1 % of the total in 2020 and was followed by mining and quarrying (23.4 %), manufacturing (10.9 %), waste and water services (10.7 %), and households (9.5 %). The remaining 8.4 % was waste generated from other economic activities, mainly services (4.5 %) and energy (2.3 %).

A lot of the waste from mining and quarrying and from construction and demolition is classified as major mineral waste. Almost two thirds (64 % or 3.1 tonnes per inhabitant) of the total waste generated in the EU in 2020 was major mineral waste. The relative share of major mineral waste in the total waste generated varied considerably between EU Member States, which may reflect, at least to some degree, different economic structures. In general, those EU Member States that had higher shares of major mineral waste were those that were characterised as having relatively sizeable mining and quarrying activities, such as Finland, Sweden, and Bulgaria, and/or construction and demolition activities, such as Luxembourg. In these member states, major mineral waste accounted for between 84 % and 89 % of all waste generated. Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

Waste generation, excluding major mineral waste

In the EU, 781 million tonnes of waste excluding major mineral waste were generated in 2020, equivalent to 36 % of the total waste generated. When expressed in relation to population size, the EU generated, on average, 1.7 tonnes per inhabitant in 2020, excluding major mineral waste.

Across the EU Member States, waste generation excluding major mineral waste ranged from an average of 6.3 tonnes per inhabitant in Estonia to less than one tonne per inhabitant in Romania and Malta in 2020. The large quantity of waste generated in Estonia is related to energy production based on oil shale.

In 2020, the highest levels of waste generation were recorded for waste and water services (211 million tonnes), for households (196 million tonnes) and manufacturing activities (171 million tonnes).  Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

Their developments followed different patterns over time: between 2004 and 2020, waste generation (excluding major mineral waste) by waste and water services and households increased by 180.4 % and 12.5 %, respectively, while generation by manufacturing activities diminished quite considerably, down by 28.8 %.

Hazardous waste generation

Hazardous waste may pose an elevated risk to human health and to the environment if not managed and disposed of safely. Among the waste generated in the EU in 2020, 95.5 million tonnes (4.4 % of the total) were classified as hazardous waste.

Compared with 2010, 5.1 % more hazardous waste was generated in 2020 in the EU. This is an increase in quantity terms from 90.8 to 95.5 million tonnes with a peak of 101.7 million tonnes in 2018. The decline in 2020 compared to 2018 results mainly from less combustion wastes due to less incineration of solid fuels such as coal, coke, and oil shale. In 2020, the share of hazardous waste in total waste generation was between 0.5 % in Romania and 12.0 % in Bulgaria. Among the non-member countries shown in Figure 4, Turkey recorded the highest share of hazardous waste in total waste generation (28.5 %) and was followed by North Macedonia (28.2 %). Montenegro (27.6 %), Serbia (19.3 %) and Norway (13.3 %). Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

Waste treatment

In 2020, some 2,029 million tonnes of waste were treated in the EU. This does not include exported waste, but includes the treatment of waste imported into the EU. The reported amounts are therefore not directly comparable with those for waste generation.

The quantity of waste recycled, used for backfilling, or incinerated with energy recovery grew by 40.3 % from 870 million tonnes in 2004 to 1 221 million tonnes in 2020; as a result, the share of such recovery in total waste treatment rose from 45.9 % in 2004 to 60.2 % in 2020. The quantity of waste subject to disposal decreased from 1,027 million tonnes in 2004 to 808 million tonnes in 2020, which was a decrease of 21.3 %. The share of disposal in total waste treatment decreased from 54.1 % in 2004 to 39.8 % in 2020.

As stated above, in the EU in 2020, more than a half (60.2 %) of the waste was treated in recovery operations: recycling (39.2 % of the total treated waste), backfilling (14.6 %) or energy recovery (6.4 %). The remaining 39.8 % was either landfilled (31.3 %), incinerated without energy recovery (0.5 %) or disposed of otherwise (8.1 %). Significant differences could be observed among the EU Member States regarding the use they made of these various treatment methods. For instance, some Member States had very high recycling rates (Italy, Belgium, Slovakia and Latvia), in others landfill is the prevailing treatment category (Romania, Bulgaria, Finland, Sweden and Greece, see Figure 6).

Hazardous waste treatment

In total, 74.3 million tonnes of hazardous waste were treated in the EU in 2020, with more than two thirds of this treated in just four EU Member States, Germany (21.4 million tonnes or 28.5 % of EU total), Bulgaria (13.8 million tonnes or 18.4 %), and France (8.2 million tonnes or 10.9 %) and Sweden (7.0 million tonnes or 9.3 %).

In 2020, 46.8 % of the hazardous waste treated in the EU was recovered: 38.5 % by recycling or backfilling (equivalent to 64 kg per inhabitant) and 8.3 % by energy recovery (14 kg per inhabitant), see Figure 8. The remaining 53.2 % were incinerated without energy recovery (5.9 % or 9.7 kg per inhabitant), landfilled, in other words deposited into or onto land or through land treatment(22.0 % or 36.5 kg per inhabitant) or disposed of by other way (25.3 % or 42.5 kg per inhabitant). Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

Source: Eurostat


EU: 4.8 tonnes of waste generated per inhabitant

-Big brands set to miss plastic sustainability targets

Some of the world’s biggest consumer goods companies, including PepsiCo, Mars and Nestle, are almost certain to miss a target to make plastic packaging more sustainable by 2025, according Reuters.

The study by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation and the United Nations Environment Program also revealed that some companies – including Coca-Cola and Pepsi – are using more virgin plastic despite a pledge to reduce its use.

The report comes as U.N. members are due to meet in Uruguay this month to start negotiations on the first ever global plastics treaty, which is aimed at reining in soaring waste pollution choking marine life and contaminating food.

Some U.N. members are pushing for a pact that includes legally binding targets to increase recycled content in packaging and use less petroleum-derived virgin plastic, rules that would have financial implications for the consumer goods and petrochemical industries. Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

Dozens of major brands have in recent years set targets to increase plastic recycling and reduce the use of single-use packaging in partnership with the Ellen MacAurthur Foundation, as part of efforts to burnish their green credentials.

The headline pledge was that 100% of plastic packaging would be reusable, recyclable or compostable by 2025, but this goal will “almost certainly be missed by most organizations”, the environmental group’s report said.

Nestle said these targets were hampered by a lack of government recycling infrastructure globally, noting that it had reduced the amount of virgin plastic it uses by 8% since 2018.

Mars said it is making progress in tackling plastic waste and investing hundreds of millions of dollars to redesign thousands of packaging components. Pepsi and Coca-Cola did not respond to requests for comment.

Greenpeace said the report is evidence that voluntary corporate targets have failed and called on the U.N. to forge a treaty that forces governments and companies to use less single-use plastic packaging.

“This underlines the need for governments to ensure that the global plastic treaty … delivers major reductions in plastic production and use,” said Graham Forbes, Greenpeace’s USA Global Plastics Project Leader.


Big brands set to miss plastic sustainability targets

-November contract price of ethylene in Europe increased by EUR35 per ton

The contract price of ethylene for November delivery in Europe has been agreed at EUR1,295 per tonne, eur35 per tonne more than in October,ICIS said.

The contract price was approved on the terms of FD NWE (with delivery to North-West Europe).

Three producers and two consumers directly confirmed this price level.

The cost of naphtha on average in October was higher than in September. The cost of natural gas has been significantly lower due to unusually high temperatures in Europe.

Demand remains low, but at the same time the level of utilization of many enterprises is reduced, and the residues of the material are under control.

The base contract price is considered to be fully established when it is directly confirmed by at least two producers and two consumers. Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

Earlierit was reported that the contract price of ethylene in Europe for October deliveries was agreed at the level of EUR1,260 per ton, which is EUR45 per ton lower than the level of the previous month.

November contract price of ethylene in Europe increased by EUR35 per ton

Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET 08-11-2022

Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET 08-11-2022

Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Hologenix and Unifi Partner to Introduce New Product

Materials science company Hologenix, creators of Celliant, and global textile solutions provider Unifi, makers of Repreve, have teamed up to introduce Celliant with Repreve.

The new performance fiber has the infrared properties of Celliant infrared technology and the sustainable footprint of Repreve, one of the world’s leading brands of recycled fiber.

“We are honored to partner with sustainability leader Unifi and its Repreve fiber,” said Seth Casden, co-founder and chief executive officer of Hologenix, based in Pacific Palisades, California. “Celliant with Repreve marries self-care and sustainability for a new generation of products.”

Celliant is a blend of infrared radiation–generating bioceramic minerals, which, when embedded into textiles, allows them to convert body heat into infrared energy, returning it to the body and temporarily increasing circulation and cellular oxygenation, according to a news release. This process can aid in muscle recovery, increase endurance, and improve overall performance in healthy individuals, among other benefits, officials said.

Repreve recycled performance fiber consists of high-quality fibers made from 100% recycled materials, including post-consumer plastic bottles and pre-consumer waste. It is also certified and traceable with U Trust verification and FiberPrint technology to back up customers’ recycled claims. Compared to virgin fiber, Repreve helps to offset the use of petroleum, emitting fewer greenhouse gasses and conserving water and energy in the process.

Both Celliant and Repreve are used in many brands across many sectors, from apparel and sportswear to upholstery fabric and more, so the new partnership opens an array of possible applications.

“We’re excited that the infrared component of Celliant with Repreve provides enhanced health and wellness benefits and that we are expanding the use of sustainable fiber options that positively impact our planet, both now and in the future,” said Eddie Ingle, chief executive officer of Unifi, headquartered in Greensboro, North Carolina.

Celliant with Repreve’s official North America knitting partner is Beverly Knits, one of the largest circular knitters in the United States, developing fabric for all markets including intimate apparel, activewear, outdoor products, mattress and bedding, automotive, industrial and medical. Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET

Based in Gastonia, North Carolina, Beverly Knits also operates Creative Dyeing & Finishing, LLC. The new three-way partnership allows the production of finished goods to take place within a 300-mile radius, from Celliant mineral processing to final product.


Compostable-plastic - Battery - rPET

-Research found thermal properties of cellulose nanofibers yield surprising results

Plant-derived materials such as cellulose often exhibit thermally insulating properties. A new material made from nanoscale cellulose fibres shows the reverse, high thermal conductivity. This makes it useful in areas previously dominated by synthetic polymer materials. Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET

Materials based on cellulose have environmental benefits over polymers, so research on this could lead to greener technological applications where thermal conductivity is needed. In recent years, many commercial products have used cellulose nanofiber (CNF) materials because their strength and durability make them a good replacement for polymer-based materials such as plastics which can be detrimental to the environment.

A research team led by Professor Junichiro Shiomi from the University of Tokyo’s Graduate School of Engineering has investigated previously unknown thermal properties of CNF, and their findings show these materials could be even more useful


Compostable-plastic - Battery - rPET

-Defect discovered in compostable plastic, 60% does not decompose – Biotech

A big defect has been discovered in plastic certified as compostable even at home: 60% does not really decompose (Source: Citizen scientist image from www.bigcompostexperiment.org.uk) © Ansa

A big defect has been discovered in plastic certified as compostable even at home: 60% does not really decompose (Source: Citizen scientist image from www.bigcompostexperiment.org.uk) © ANSA / Ansa

A big defect has been discovered in plastic certified as compostable even at home: 60% does not really decompose and therefore ends up polluting even more vegetable gardens and gardens where it is unknowingly reused. Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET

This was stated by a study by the University College of London, published in the journal Frontiers in Sustainability, which involved British citizens in a great experiment. The research also shows how labels applied to compostable and biodegradable plastic items are misleading and confuse consumers, leading to incorrect waste disposal.

Global plastic pollution is one of the greatest environmental challenges of our time: a report published last February by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) shows that plastic consumption has quadrupled in the last 30 years, and only 9% is recycled. The demand for compostable plastics is therefore growing more and more, with uses in organic waste bags, food packaging, plates and cutlery.

The problem, highlighted by the study led by Danielle Purkiss, is that this type of plastic is currently incompatible with most waste management systems and there is no international standard for domestic compostable plastics. The fate of these plastics, once thrown away, is therefore incineration or landfilling, a fact of which consumers are unaware.

“We have shown that home composting, being uncontrolled, is largely ineffective and not a good method of disposal for compostable packaging,” says Purkiss. “The idea that a material can be sustainable is a widespread misunderstanding: in reality – adds the researcher – what is sustainable is the system by which that material is produced and recycled”.


Defect discovered in compostable plastic, 60% does not decompose – Biotech

-Chinese battery plant to start operations in Portugal by 2025

A Chinese manufacturer, Aviation Lithium Battery Technology, wants the battery factory for electric vehicles in Sines to start operating by 2025, a company representative said on Thursday.

The company’s executive director said that operations at the future unit will start at the end of 2025 so that the batteries can “leave Sines for Europe the following year to be installed in several European cars by the end of the first quarter” of 2026, Nuno Gameiro, who represents China Aviation Lithium Battery Technology (CALB) in Portugal, told Lusa.

Gameiro said that the first CALB factory in Europe would be built in several phases, the first involving building the industrial unit on “50 of the 100 hectares” of land. The first phase of investment, the value of which was not announced, “is to accommodate the order portfolio that [the company] already has at this time” in Europe, he said.

According to the official, in a second phase, in 2028, the company planned to expand the facilities, occupying the entire 100 hectares of land, which would allow it to “increase from 15 to 45 gigawatt-hours (GWh).  Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET

CALB, he explained, “will start with 15 GWh” due to the “immediate demand it has” but is expected to need “around 100 hectares of land” to “accommodate demand until 2028.”

“If everything is going well, there will be the 3rd phase to double the factory, making it as big as the biggest European [factory], which is Tesla’s, and another 100 hectares would be needed. So it would cover 200 hectares,” he said.

According to Gameiro, the lithium batteries produced in this unit are intended exclusively for the European market. This will “positively impact the GDP [Gross Domestic Product] because all sales are exports. If everything goes as expected, in a horizon year between 2028 and 2030, this factory may represent 4.2% of GDP,” he said.

In a statement to the Hong Kong stock exchange, CALB said on Wednesday it had signed a memorandum of understanding with a subsidiary of Portugal’s Agency for Investment and Foreign Trade (AICEP).

The agreement with AICEP Global Parques, manager of the Sines Industrial and Logistics Zone (ZILS), provides for the acquisition of “surface rights to set up a world-leading, highly intelligent, computerised and automated factory, with zero carbon emissions,” the company said

According to the China Automotive Power Battery Industry Innovation Alliance, an industry association, CALB was the third-largest Chinese manufacturer of batteries for electric cars in 2021.


Compostable-plastic - Battery - rPET

-TAZIZ and Reliance launch USD2 bn chemicals plant JV in Ruwais

Abu Dhabi Chemicals Derivatives Company RSC Ltd (“TA’ZIZ”) and Reliance Industries Limited (RIL), have agreed to launch TA’ZIZ EDC & PVC, a world-scale chemical production partnership at the TA’ZIZ Industrial Chemicals Zone in Ruwais, said Transportandlogisticsme.

The new joint-venture will construct and operate a Chlor-Alkali, Ethylene Dichloride (EDC) and Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) production facility, with an investment of more than USD2 billion.

Representing the first production of these chemicals in the UAE, the project will enable the substitution of imports and the creation of new local value chains, while also meeting growing demand for these chemicals globally.

The TA’ZIZ Industrial Chemicals Zone is a joint venture between Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) and ADQ.

The project builds on ADNOC and Reliance’s long-standing strategic partnership and is Reliance’s first investment in the MENA region.

The signing of the joint venture terms, which are subject to regulatory approvals, was witnessed by His Excellency Dr. Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber, UAE Minister of Industry and Advanced Technology and ADNOC Managing Director and Group CEO and Reliance Industries Chairman and Managing Director, Mr. Mukesh D. Ambani.

The joint venture terms were signed by Mr. Khaleefa Al Mheiri, Acting CEO of TA’ZIZ and Mr. Kamal Nanavaty, President Strategy and Business Development of Reliance Industries Limited.


TAZIZ and Reliance launch USD2 bn chemicals plant JV in Ruwais

-What’s going on with rPET?

Europe R-PET market faces tough and unpredictable Q4

The European recycled polyethylene terephthalate (R-PET) market has entered one of the most turbulent periods in its history as industry veterans and newcomers alike struggle to predict the outlook as they meet at K Fair.

In a case of ‘be careful what you wish for’, the R-PET market has gone from tight supply and record-high prices in the first half of the year to massive oversupply, slow demand, and record-breaking price drops in October.

Although record-high post-consumer bottle (PCB), flake and food-grade pellet (FGP) prices were always expected to ease, the speed of the downturn since the summer has taken the market by surprise.

Free delivered (FD) northwest Europe (NWE) colourless (C) PCB, C flake and even mixed coloured (MC) flake monthly prices all posted the largest single price drop since ICIS introduced the quotes in 2006.  Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET

There are several reasons for this:

  • Large PET bottles consumed in summer entered recycling stream
  • Low PET prices prompted a significant substitution away from R-PET
  • PCB and flake buyers’ stocks are high and buying appetite is down
  • Macroeconomic uncertainty, high inflation, slow end-use demand

PCB stock levels in September and October have become so large in some cases that some waste managers have asked customers if they could use any spare storage. PCB quality can degrade the longer it is kept in storage, especially outside. Some buyers have also tried to buy lower-priced bales to bring the overall cost of the product down. Flake producers are also sitting on a lot of stock, forcing some to slash prices to shift material and free up some much-needed cash flow. However, lower prices have not translated into higher demand.


Players in the European R-PET market say post-summer demand for recycled content has failed to materialise, and many do not think it will return anytime soon. Brands and fast-moving consumer good (FMCG) companies are revising or reconsidering their recycled content targets, and several suppliers to both sectors have noted a drop in volumes, which they expect to continue into 2023.

This is despite the EU’s mandated target of 25% R-PET content in PET beverage bottles by 2025 creeping closer. In the sheet and thermoforming sector – which does not yet have an EU-mandated recycled content target although the EU has plans to introduce one – packaging companies will continue to save on costs by using cheaper PET and cutting the volume of R-PET content in products.

In addition, rising inflation and recession fears have prompted consumers to change purchasing habits, in turn impacting R-PET demand. However, rising energy costs are likely to be the biggest concern and challenge for the R-PET market for the foreseeable future. In Europe, recyclers have seen their electricity bills double, triple, and quadruple, impacting the final price of flake and pellets in a market which is already incredibly price-sensitive. How a country’s government or energy provider handles the expected rise in electricity costs will put a recycler at an advantage or disadvantage depending on where it is. Recyclers in Italy already pay considerably higher electricity costs compared to neighbour Spain, according to one Italian recycler in mid-October. Adding to this is the concern that the war in Ukraine will cause a reduction or even a cut in Russian gas supplies to Europe, and the prospect that this could stop R-PET production. If gas prices also rise in winter, consumer habits may change again, making predictions about demand even harder. Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET

The only certainty is uncertainty as the cold winter draws in. Some just want to settle in and ride out the coming storm, hoping 2023 will offer a sunnier outlook – but few expect to see the dark clouds currently looming over the R-PET market to clear any time soon.

What's going on with rPET?

-Ottawa-born scientist on turning agricultural waste into plastic alternative called ‘Grasstic’

Amanda Johnson is a nature-loving biochemist working to create a plastic alternative from crop leftovers.

“When you spend time in nature you develop a relationship and want to protect it,” says Johnson, an eloquent and ardent PhD student in the Faculty of Forestry at the University of British Columbia.

Johnson, a lifelong camper, hiker, nature lover and mother of two young children, who grew up in Ottawa and studied biochemistry at the University of Ottawa, is researching turning agricultural waste into an alternative to plastic.

She calls the product she developed, “Grasstic” – a bioplastic made from the residual stalks of crops like corn or wheat. Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET

“It’s abundant agricultural waste and currently no-one is doing anything with it other than bailing it off the field or sometimes tilling it in,” explains Johnson.

“I thought I’m going to play around with this in the lab and I did.”

Johnson says she tried different formulation processes.

“And it was pretty amazing because I actually held this plastic in my hand thinking it looks like plastic, it feels like plastic.  I knew I was onto something.”

Johnson turned to her younger brother, David, for the name.

“He said, ‘It’s made from grass, right?’ I said, ‘Yeah’.  He said, ‘call it Grasstic.'”

Grasstic stuck.

And ‘fantastic’ aspects of Grasstic were first learned when Johnson worked with grasses during her Masters.

“Grasses are made up of 20 per cent of the biopolymer called xylan and nothing is being done with it. It’s just a matter of getting it out of the plants and putting it into bioplastics,” she says.

There are biodegradable plastic products out there but Johnson, committed to food sustainability, and conscious of food scarcity issues, wants to improve the options currently on the market.

“If you go to the store, you’ll be able to see biodegradable plastic bags that are made from plant polymers. The thing with these is that they’re made from corn, corn starch,” says Johnson.

“When we start making packaging out of our food, we are going to run into problems with scarcity. We want to make them out of things that aren’t food.”

The best uses for Grasstic, so far, are in packaging dry goods.

“Those films that you have on pastry products or dried goods boxes would be a perfect application for Grasstic.”

Johnson demonstrates Grasstic being used to replace the plastic windows of pasta boxes and baked goods.

Those boxes then become totally biodegradable.

Johnson hosted a podcast about food, farming and sustainability and was motivated to get into the lab to create a new bioplastic when she learned the stats on plastics.

“Ninety per cent of the plastics we use, even the ones we put into the recycle bin, are never going to be recycled.”

“They’re going to end up in an incinerator, or landfill, or worst-case scenario, contaminating our environment where they’ll stick around,” says the research scientist.

Grasstic is now being tested for its rate of biodegradability.

“If you were to toss a Grasstic bag in your home compost, it would be completely gone in six weeks. If you sent it off to an industrial composting facility, it would be gone in four weeks,” says the scientist.

“Currently, I’m testing how Grasstic biodegrades in the ocean. We are on day 95 of the experiment, and more than half of the Grasstic has biodegraded. So Grasstic is well on its way to being certified biodegradable.”  Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET

Why we need plastic alternatives

“Nature has no way of breaking down plastic,” Johnson says.

“Plastics break down into microscopic pieces called microplastics.”

“Microplastics get into our water and our food. Scientists are only beginning to understand the problems they cause when ingested.”

Plastics are made out of fossil fuels, which are a non-renewable resource.

“Huge amounts of plastic have accumulated in the ocean. Sea animals such as turtles and albatross mistake plastic for food and it kills them.”

That reality drives Johnson’s work. Her time in the lab for Johnson is fuelled by a lifetime spent outdoors.

“I’ve been close to nature my entire life. Growing up, my siblings and I spent countless hours playing in the forest behind our Ottawa home. My dad would take us biking along the Rideau Canal. My mom went camping with us.”

And while Johnson, who now calls Victoria, B.C. home, reflects on that Ottawa past, she and her husband, Greg, are looking to create a promising future for their four-year-old, Millie and 15-month old Ori.

“Now that I’m a mom I want my kids to have the same chance to connect with nature. And that makes me passionate about preserving the environment.”


Ottawa-born scientist on turning agricultural waste into plastic alternative called 'Grasstic'

-Huntsman Develops Breakthrough Bio-based Polyurethane System

Visco-elastic foam containing up to 20% bio-based content lowers automotive carbon footprint without sacrificing performance.

Huntsman has launched Acoustiflex VEF BIO — a visco-elastic foam containing up to 20% bio-based content derived from vegetable oils for molded acoustic applications in the automotive industry. This new solution can lower the carbon footprint of automotive carpet back-foaming by up to 25% compared with existing Huntsman systems for this application. The technology can also be used for dash and wheel arch insulation.

The Acoustiflex VEF BIO system addresses rising demand for material technologies that can help automotive manufacturers lower their carbon footprint without sacrificing performance. The bio-based content in its Acoustiflex VEF BIO system has zero impact on any of the acoustic or mechanical characteristics required by makers of parts or automotive OEMs, said Huntsman.

Irina Bolshakova, Global Marketing Lead for Automotive Polyurethanes at Huntsman, explains more: “Previously, there was a frustration that incorporating bio-based content into a polyurethane (PU) foam system would have a detrimental impact on performance, specifically on emission and odor levels. The development of our Acoustiflex VEF BIO system proves that doesn’t need to be the case.”  Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET

To wit:

Acoustic performance analysis experiments show that Huntsman’s original VEF systems can outclass standard high-resilient (HR) foams at lower frequencies (<500 Hz). Acoustiflex VEF BIO system achieves the same magnitude of sound-reducing capability.

In developing the Acoustiflex VEF BIO system, Huntsman has continued its work in the development of zero-amine, zero-plasticizer, and extremely low aldehyde-emitting PU foams. As a result, the system is ranked low in emissions and odor.

The Acoustiflex VEF BIO system remains lightweight.

Huntsman’s automotive team has ensured there are no associated processing disadvantages. The Acoustiflex VEF BIO system can still be used to quickly create components that have complex geometric shapes and sharp angles, with high productivity rates and demold times as low as 80 seconds, depending on part design.

“Polyurethanes are very hard to beat when it comes to pure acoustic performance,” continued Irina. “They are incredibly effective at muffling sound, reducing vibrations, and dampening down any harshness caused by the movement of a vehicle. Our Acoustiflex VEF BIO system takes that to the next level. Incorporating bio-based content into the mix to deliver a lower carbon acoustic solution, that does not compromise emission or odor requirements, is far better for vehicle brands and their partners and customers – but also the planet.”

Huntsman Develops Breakthrough Bio-based Polyurethane System

Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET

Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET 07-11-2022

Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET 07-11-2022

Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET

Polyester-Filament- Petrochemicals

Russia-GDP - PET-bottles - rPET

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Russia’s GDP in September fell by 5%

In September 2022, Russia’s GDP fell by 5% year-on-year after falling by 4.1% in August,Interfaxreported, citing the Russian Ministry of Economic Development.

The fall in Russia’s GDP in September 2022, according to the Ministry of Economic Development, amounted to 5.0% in annual comparison after a decrease of 4.0% in August (the estimate is refined from 4.1%), by 4.3% in July, by 5.0% in June, by 4.5% in May, by 2.7% in April, growth by 1.4% in March, by 4.2% in February and 5.7% in January, according to the ministry’s review “On the current situation in the economy” published on Wednesday.

According to the ministry, the decline in Russia’s GDP in the third quarter of 2022 amounted to 4.4% in annual terms after a decrease of 4.1% in the second quarter and an increase of 3.5% in the first quarter. The ministry of economic development estimated the decline in Russia’s GDP for January-September 2022 at 2.0%. The ministry notes that the dynamics of GDP is close to the forecast trajectory and confirms the forecast of economic decline by the end of 2022 at the level of 2.9%.

“According to preliminary estimates of the Ministry of Economic Development, in September, GDP growth accelerated in monthly terms to 2.1% m/m after plus 1.8% m/m in August. At the same time, against the background of the high base of September last year, the dynamics in annual terms amounted to minus 5.0% yoy, in general for the third quarter – minus 4.4% y / y. GDP dynamics is close to the forecast trajectory and by the end of 2022 will be minus 2.9%,” the review of the Ministry of Economic Development says. As reported, the Ministry of Economic Development predicts a decline in Russia’s GDP in 2022 by 2.9%, a decrease in 2023 by 0.8%, an increase of 2.6% in 2024 and 2025.  Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET

The Central Bank’s forecasts for the dynamics of the economy for 2022-2025 are more conservative than the expectations of the Russian government. The Bank of Russia last week improved the forecast for a decline in Russia’s GDP in 2022 to 3-3.5% from 4-6% according to the previous July forecast. At the same time, in the fourth quarter of 2022, the Central Bank expects a decline in the economy by 6.4-7.8% in annual terms.

The central bank left the forecast for a decrease in Russia’s GDP in 2023 unchanged – 1-4%. In 2024-2025, Russia’s GDP, according to the forecast of the Central Bank, will grow by 1.5-2.5% annually. The consensus forecast of analysts polled by Interfax in early October for a decline in GDP in 2022 is 3.8%, in 2023 a decrease of 2.1% is expected.

Earlierit was reported that the decline in industrial production in the Russian Federation in September 2022 increased to 3.1% in annual comparison after a decrease of 0.1% in August, 0.5% in July, 2.4% in June and May, 2.6% in April.

In January-September 2022, the Industry of the Russian Federation grew by 0.4% (due to high growth in the first quarter – by 5.1% in annual terms, in the second quarter the decline was by 2.5%, in the third quarter a decrease of 1.3%).

Russia-GDP - PET-bottles - rPET

-Ionic+ Botanical extends garment durability

New biobased fabric technology uses citric-based formula.

Noble Biomaterials, the developer of antimicrobial and conductivity solutions for soft surface applications, is introducing  Ionic+ Botanical for antimicrobial and anti-odour fabric treatments.

The new product uses a renewable citric-based technology which is pending EPA approval and is applied as a topical fabric finish. Its durability comes from the use of advanced textile technology and it is rated at 50 wash cycles.

“Ionic+ Botanical checks many boxes that biobased technologies on the market struggle to meet,” says Joel Furey, founder and chief commercial officer at Noble Biomaterials. “There is a challenge to meet EPA guidance and maintain durable performance. We have made a clear distinction here in developing the best botanical product on the market to build on the strength of our exisiting technology.”

Noble’s existing antimicrobial fabric technology uses positively charged silver ions to inhibit the growth of bacteria on soft surfaces. The silver metalized-yarn and silver-based extruded-yarn lead the antimicrobial fabric category with permanent technology that never washes out. The genesis of Noble’s Ionic+ antimicrobial technology started 25 years ago with the development of X-Static yarns. Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET

“We work with our customers to customise their approach to building sustainable fabrics,” said Furey. “Our permanent mineral technology is used on products designed for a long life cycle and extended life for re-commerce and technical performance. Our durable biobased technology can be applied on products that strive to reduce care maintenance and conserve water and energy resources.”

Prior to the pandemic, Noble saw increasing demand for Ionic+ and antimicrobial fabrics in active wear and health care. Today, the products are to be found in several categories, including the travel and leisure market, luggage, home bedding and towels and sport accessories. Noble is developing Ionic+ Botanical with select material development partners, including Salomon, Crystal Denim, and home textiles leader Trident.

“As one of the largest home fashion manufacturers world-wide, the Trident Group is consistently on the forefront of innovation and the application of advanced technologies,” said Jeffery Kambak CEO of US Operations at Trident Group. “Our partnership with Noble in developing new products with Ionic+ is key to our leadership position.”

“Our collaboration with Noble on Ionic+ allows Salomon products to be worn longer between washes, reducing the impact on water usage,” added Tim Maud, innovation lab director at Salomon. “Using Noble’s biobased, anti-odour treatment ensures our impact on the environment is reduced and our product life cycle is increased.”

Russia-GDP - PET-bottles - rPET

-Koksan launches a new PET resin plant
Koksan Pet ve Plastik AS is proud to announce that it has successfully commissioned its new PET resin plant with an additional capacity of 216,000 Mton / year under UHIF license (Uhde – Inventa Fischer) with production of MTR (Melt-to- Resin) starting November 1, 2022.
The production site, located in the Gaziantep company’s HQ in Turkey, is also located in the company’s first plant in operation since 2013 and has the same production capacity of 216,000 tons / year. The new plant will be able to produce not only PET bottle resin, but also textile and film quality polyester resins.
With this capacity increase, Köksan will reach an annual capacity of 432,000 tons, making it Turkey’s largest PET bottle resin producer and Europe’s second largest under one roof. With this volume of Bottle Grade Pet Resin production, Turkey will be the country with the largest production capacity in Europe. Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET
According to company sources, KOKSAN aims to meet Turkey’s needs through domestic consumption (which helps decrease imports) and export remaining volumes, particularly to markets in Europe, North Africa and the United States.
Along with the production of Bottle Grade Pet Resin, Koksan continues to be successful
Production of Pet preforms in two locations, PE closures, Pet sheets and PE stretch films with about 1500 employees.

Koksan launches a new PET resin plant

-Too much room for reuse in the new Packaging Directive?
Beverage producers in Europe and Confindustria in Italy sound the alarm. At risk would be the plastics recycling chain and PNRR funds for the circular economy.
In Italy, Confindustria was the first to move in the field of communication, but in Europe the associations representing the producers of beverages and mineral waters are already on a war footing. The objectives on the reuse of packaging – and in particular of plastic bottles – contained in the proposal to amend the EU Directive on packaging and packaging waste that the Commission will present by the end of the month and of which a first draft is circulating ( read article).
In article 27 (Re-use and refill targets), in fact, mandatory reuse targets are set, in 2030 and 2040, for a series of packaging such as multiples and for transport (secondary and tertiary), take-away containers for food and hot and cold drinks, bottles containing alcoholic beverages other than wine and spirits and bottles containing water, juices or soft drinks. For these last two categories of packaging, namely bottles, the proposed directive requires beverage manufacturers to use 20% of reusable containers starting from 1 January 2030 to reach 75% in 2040. Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET
This article of the Directive has raised alarm among beverage producers: four European industry associations – AIJN – European Fruit Juice Association (fruit juices), The Brewers of Europe (brewers), Natural Mineral Waters Europe (mineral waters), Unesda Soft Drinks Europe (soft drinks) – issued a note in which they define the objectives on the reuse of bottles as “high, disproportionate and unjustified”, with a strong impact on the sector, to the point of undermining the very survival of SMEs; impact that would also extend to the recycling sector, with the dismantling of existing collection, sorting and recovery systems. The four associations also point out the too high cost that this decision would entail for the entire industry. Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET
“Although our sectors already use reusable packaging as part of the mix and are committed to increasing its offer, with the implementation of appropriate policy measures, the reuse targets currently formulated are unrealistic and inconsistent – the note reads -. account of the enormous efforts and investments that companies in the sector are making to achieve the circularity of packaging through greater recyclability and collection, in addition to the increasing use of recycled content. More seriously, there is no environmental impact assessment that certifies how these objectives could improve the protection of the environment “.
“In recent years, our sectors have worked tirelessly to achieve 100% recyclable packaging and achieve ever greater levels of recycled content and we have promoted measures to increase recycling rates – underline the four associations -. Reusable packaging is not de facto the only sustainable option, as the European Commission is now suggesting. It is part of the circularity solution, complementary to recycling and reducing packaging “.
“Our sector is already achieving high collection rates for recycling and is moving towards full circularity – says Patricia Fosselard, Secretary General of Natural Mineral Waters Europe -. The introduction of unrealistically high reuse rates will significantly undermine this progress and put the sector at risk, while the environmental benefit of this policy measure has yet to be demonstrated. ”
In Italy, the baton was picked up by Confindustria. Stefan Pan (in the photo), delegate for Europe of the industrial association, raised the alarm from the columns of the main national economic newspaper, asking the Commission to postpone the presentation of the proposal to amend the Directive “in order to have the time to understand the devastating impact on various Italian and European supply chains and on a system of excellence such as the recycling industry. “Confindustria – explained Pan – is working both at a political level, with the new Italian government, and with the other industrial associations of the EU: “We are preparing a proposal to be shared with the German and French Confindustria – he declared -. The new regulation affects us most of all because we are top of the class. But it also has repercussions in Germany, Austria, France, Spain and Poland: we dialogue with the industrial associations of these countries because it is important to move together. We also want to involve the trade unions, and obviously the governments, because it is an issue that affects everyone. We will try to get our requests to all institutions Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET

Too much room for reuse in the new Packaging Directive?

-Can the PET resin market stabilize with a daily turnover exceeding 90kt?
After two months of continued obscurity, the PET bottle chip market finally got off to a good start in early November, with daily sales of over 90,000 tons on November 1st, bringing some confidence to the gloomy market. So will the PET bottle chip market stabilize? At the moment, market participants still maintain a cautious and wait-and-see attitude for the future, but there is still a lot of speculative demand seen from the turnover.
From a historical trend perspective, there are only two conditions for the market price of PET bottle chips to stabilize: one is that the cost stabilizes or rises and the other is the significant rebound in demand. Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET
On the cost side, the rise in polyester commodity futures is mainly driven by the easing of the macro mindset, especially the initial discussion of epidemic prevention and control triggered a rebound in commodities and equity markets. However, given the two main raw material products, PTA and MEG, in the short term, in addition to the maintenance plan of the PTA plant and the new production capacity plan of the MEG, there is no obvious change in the fundamentals, and c ‘there is a lack of an obvious upward or downward push in one’s market for the moment and there is a high probability of stabilization and fluctuation within the low range.
In terms of demand, it can be divided into two parts: Chinese domestic demand and foreign demand. Since 2018, the market for PET bottle chips has increased and the main driver comes from the sharp increase in export orders. However, at the moment, the export market is mild. While delivery volume can be substantially guaranteed at 300,000 tons or more, new orders since the third quarter are substantially below the same level as last year, with limited market support and even a brake on the Chinese domestic market mentality. Regarding domestic sales in China, although November-December orders seem mediocre overall, the volume of purchases for 2023 goods continues to grow. According to CCFGroup statistics, from October to early November, the procurement volume of China’s large domestic downstream factories reached around 440,000 tons, most of which are Q1 2023 orders. In general, as the price continues to touch new lows, enthusiasm for purchases from downstream factories also increases. The purchase price also drops from 7,300 yuan / ton to around 6,450 yuan / ton EXW. So, from this point of view, recently, the increased interest in purchasing domestic futures is one of the main reasons for the decline in the PET bottle chip market.
Plant maintenance
In addition, from November to December, the PET bottle market will usher in the last turnaround season in 2022, including the 500 kt / year Yisheng Hainan PET bottle chip unit, the 600 kt / year China unit. Resources (Zhuhai), the Far Eastern 550 kt / year unit, Sinopec Yizheng 150 kt / year unit and 250 kt / year Dragon Special Resin unit, totaling 2.05 million tons. Due to the staggered partial maintenance time, the maximum impact on operating speed is expected to be approximately 14 percentage points. In terms of new start-ups, Sichuan Hanjiang New Material 500kt / year’s new PET bottle chip unit is expected to go into production in November, but final delivery of higher quality products to the market is expected to take place within the end of November or the beginning of December, which for the moment will not have a significant impact on the market.
Overall, in the short term, due to stabilization of polyester raw material costs and plant maintenance plans, the market for PET bottle chips could bottom out. However, as major downstream producers continue to purchase large quantities of forward commodities, some bottle chip plants may transact at discounts in order to maintain market share.


Can the PET resin market stabilize with a daily turnover exceeding 90kt?

-Amcor technology: cut of over half the material and weight of PET bottles

Amcor Rigid Packaging has unveiled a two-step light-weighting technology set to remove over 50% of the material and weight in the finish of PET bottles – a development thought to produce attractive packaging, lower manufacturing costs, and reduce carbon emissions.

Originally developed for the spirits industry, the company claims that its new Quantum technology allows for the utilisation of 100% recycled material and produces fully recyclable packaging applicable to healthcare, home and personal care, and food and dairy applications, amongst others.

Reportedly, it utilises PET due to its ‘infinite’ recyclability and low carbon footprint, with a previous life cycle analysis conducted by Amcor asserting that the production of PET bottles results in 70% fewer greenhouse gas emissions than other packaging materials.

“Our customers and consumers alike are looking for ways to support the circular economy and eliminate waste, and our engineers have developed a new technology that meets their needs and advances more sustainable packaging,” said Terry Patcheak, vice president of R&D, Sustainability and Project Management at ARP. “We’re helping our customers support source reduction, reduce material use and reduce weight, which means a lighter and more sustainable package.” Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET

Previously, an LCA conducted on Avantium’s plant-based PEF in 250ml and 500ml bottles by the Nova Institute suggested that the material’s mechanical properties enable light-weighting that would reduce pressure on abiotic resources by 47%.

Stephane Triquet, vice president of strategic marketing at Selig, also told us that the light-weighting of glass packaging for non-sparkling wines has grown in popularity, with retailers seeking to reduce the reported 50% of carbon emissions caused by a glass bottle during the production of wine.

Amcor technology: cut of over half the material and weight of PET bottles

-Enel, a rock-based energy storage system in Tuscany
The Enel Group and Brenmiller Energy inaugurated an innovative sustainable energy storage plant this morning in Tuscany, in Santa Barbara in the municipality of Cavriglia (Ar). Present were the president of the Tuscany Region Eugenio Giani, the mayor of Cavriglia Leonardo Degl’Innocenti o Sanni, the designated ambassador of Israel in Italy Alon Bar, the director of Enel Green Power and Thermal Generation of Enel Salvatore Bernabei, the director of Innovability of Enel Ernesto Ciorra and the president and CEO of Brenmiller Energy Avi Brenmiller.
the goal of the TES (Thermal Energy Storage) project was to obstruct at the Italian site of Santa Barbara an innovative thermal storage system, completely sustainable and capable of accelerating the energy transition. “The integration of the TES with the existing plant has allowed Enel and Brenmiller to validate the technology in the field, in challenging operating conditions and on a large scale”, reads a note.
The system allows a reduction in plant start-up times and a greater speed in load variations, performance characteristics necessary to allow a growing penetration of renewables. The system can be used to store excess energy produced from renewable sources in the form of heat to offer decarbonization services to industrial customers and to integrate long-term storage solutions with renewable plants. Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET
Brenmiller Energy developed the technology in Israel and supplied the storage system; Enel integrated the system with the Santa Barbara plant and helped validate its performance in a real environment. TES technology uses a two-step charge and discharge process to deliver thermal energy. In the charging phase, the steam generated by the Santa Barbara plant passes through pipes to heat adjacent fragmented rocks; in the discharge phase, the accumulated heat is released to heat the water under pressure and generate steam to produce electricity. The TES system, the first of its kind, has the ability to store up to about 24 MWh of clean heat at a temperature of about 550 ° C for 5 hours, ensuring significant resilience to the system.
“Flexibility and adequacy are two fundamental components of an efficient and reliable electrical system, which can be supplied more and more efficiently by accumulations – says Salvatore Bernabei, Enel Green Power and Thermal Generation Director of Enel -. This experimentation allows us to validate a family of innovative and sustainable technologies in the segment of long-term storage, which will allow an ever greater integration of renewables into the grid “.
“This solution makes it possible to make renewables more reliable, flexible and resilient and can be used to decarbonise sectors that need heat at high temperatures – explains Ernesto Ciorra, Director of Innovability at Enel -. Furthermore, it does not involve any use of rare materials and can be made using stones available in every part of the planet, so it is scalable in a sustainable way everywhere. We thank the colleagues of the Tel Aviv hub for having found it and the Italian colleagues for having created it, also thanks to the financial support deriving from the collaboration between the Italian and Israeli governments “.
“Our TES system at the Enel plant in Santa Barbara, Tuscany, is the first of its kind with utility-scale thermal energy storage and offers commercial and industrial users a viable path towards decarbonisation – underlines Avi Brenmiller, president and CEO of Brenmiller Energy -. The TES also makes it possible to integrate additional renewable sources into the grid with greater reliability. We believe that the success of this project reflects the type of innovative collaborations necessary for the transition of the global economy from a context of strong, albeit decreasing, dependence on fossil fuels, towards the creation of networks on which 100% clean energy travels. , flexible and convenient “.
“This inauguration – said Eugenio Giani, president of the Tuscany Region – confirms that the Tuscan territory plays a central role in energy, both for production and for innovation. Welcoming sustainability today means doing good for the environment, attracting investments and creating value, which is why we are particularly happy with Enel’s choice to test here in Santa Barbara, which has always been a land of work and ingenuity, new technologies that can be applied on a scale. world. Tuscany is already one of the most virtuous Italian regions with over 50% of self-produced energy from renewable sources and an important research and innovation fabric, today we are taking a new step into the future with the hope

About Thermal Energy Storage (TES)

Enel, a rock-based energy storage system in Tuscany

Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET

Enzyme-recycled – Circular-economy 05-11-2022

Polyester-Filament- Petrochemicals 07-11-2022

Polyester-Filament- Petrochemicals

PET Bottles

ITEM26 31/10/2022 07/11/2022 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 6,900 yuan/ton 7,100 yuan/ton +200
Bottle grade PET chips export market 920 $/ton 925 $/ton +5
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 6,800 yuan/ton 6,750 yuan/ton -50
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 6,950 yuan/ton 6,880 yuan/ton -70
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market 5,525 yuan/ton 5,700 yuan/ton +175
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 800 $/ton 800 $/ton
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 3,765 yuan/ton 3,880 yuan/ton +110
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 438 $/ton 453 $/ton +15
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market 961 $/ton 1,022 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 941 $/ton 1,002 $/ton +61
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,169 $/ton 1,214 $/ton +45
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 7,400 yuan/ton 7,230 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,250 yuan/ton 6,900 yuan/ton -350
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 8,650 yuan/ton 8,550 yuan/ton -100
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F 8,450 yuan/ton 8,300 yuan/ton -150
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 7,950 yuan/ton 7,800 yuan/ton -150
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,650 yuan/ton 7,680 yuan/ton +30
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 12,650 yuan/ton 12,100 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,670 $/ton 1,670 $/ton
Nylon6 chips overseas  market 1,970 $/ton 1,970 $/ton
Nylon6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 13,200 yuan/ton 13,000 yuan/ton -200
Nylon6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market 13,750 yuan/ton 13,700 yuan/ton -50
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market 24,300 yuan/ton 23,500 yuan/ton -800
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 16,050 yuan/ton 16,000 yuan/ton -50
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 18,350 yuan/ton 18,250 yuan/ton- -100
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  16,350 yuan/ton 16,350 yuan/ton
Spandex 20D  domestic  market 41,500 yuan/ton 41,500 yuan/ton
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 38,500 yuan/ton 38,500 yuan/ton +500
Spandex 40D  domestic  market 36,000 yuan/ton 36,000 yuan/ton
Adipic Acid domestic market 10,300 yuan/ton 10,050 yuan/ton -250
Benzene domestic market 7,150 yuan/ton 6,830 yuan/ton -320
Benzene overseas  market 843 $/ton 803 $/ton -40
Ethylene South East market 880 $/ton 880 $/ton
Ethylene NWE market 801 $/ton 835 $/ton +34
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market 11,200 yuan/ton 11,500 yuan/ton +300
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market 1,550 $/ton 1,600 $/tn +50
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 16,400 yuan/ton 16,600 yuan/ton +200
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 13,000 yuan/ton 13,000 yuan/ton
PP Powder domestic market
7,600 yuan/ton 7,800 yuan/ton +200
Naphtha overseas market  693 $/ton 684 $/ton
Phenol domestic market 10,340 yuan/ton 9,620 yuan/ton -720

Polyester-Filament- Petrochemicals

Enzyme-recycled – Ukraine-war 05-11-2022

Enzyme-recycled – Ukraine-war

-Radicigroup – Sustainability of the entire textile supply chain: Performance days fair

At the fair, the Group emphasizes its contribution to the sustainability of the entire textile supply chain

Performance Days is the fair dedicated to trends and innovations in the field of yarns, fabrics and

accessories: RadiciGroup, with its Advanced Textile Solutions Business Area, cannottherefore miss the appointment scheduled for 3 and 4 November in Munich for present the strengths of your offer to professionals.

Sustainability is the main ingredient of the textile solutions proposed by the Group, committed increasingly in reducing the environmental impact of processes and products aimed at different sectors, such as sportswear, athleisure, workwear and safety.

“Our fibers are produced in Europe – underlines Marco De Silvestri, Head of Sales & Advanced Textile Solutions Business Area Marketing – We have strong control of upstream supply chain, especially in the field of polyamide where we are also integrated with plants proprietary chemicals: this guarantees the quality of the polymers, complete traceability and rigorous

measurement of the environmental impact of our entire offer. In addition, we place ourselves as a partner of our customers engaged in the development of innovative and circular solutions, without relative compromises to technical performance, which remains central in the application sectors we address “.

RadiciGroup focuses heavily on offering solution dyed products, i.e. colored materials in the extrusion that allow a considerable saving of water and energy, guaranteeing greater color retention over time.

This technique is applicable both to virgin productions and to those that want to optimize technical and environmental performance: Renycle®, Repetable® and Biofeel® are the brands that identify, respectively, the offer of recycled nylon, recycled polyester and bio-based materials.

“Our efforts to reduce the environmental impact of production – concludes De Silvestri – continue and are also strengthened thanks to partnerships with other players in the supply chain who, like us, make sustainability is the key word of its business strategy “.

The collaboration of RadiciGroup with Fibrant, a specialized company, is in this direction in the production of chemical intermediates, including Ecolactam®, with a reduced “carbon footprint”, which it will allow the Group to further improve the values ​​relating to its emissions. Thanks to far-sighted choices and the actions implemented, RadiciGroup in the last decade has decreased by 70% of greenhouse gas emissions at Group level, rising from approximately 700,000 tons per year CO2 equivalent to about 200,000 tons. And the goal is continuous improvement, investing in cutting-edge technologies and focusing on sustainable value chains.

These and other issues are discussed on Thursday 3 November at 3.45 pm with Loris Maestri, R&D Product Development Engineer of the Advanced Textile Solutions Business Area who will give a presentation entitled “RadiciGroup approach to sustainability”. Click here for details.

Enzyme-recycled - Ukraine-war

-War in Ukraine, gas crisis

The war in Ukraine first caused oil price volatility, which increased as surging COVID-19 cases in China led to fresh lockdowns, hitting demand and disrupting supply chains. China is the world’s second biggest economy and largest oil importer.

Now Russia’s decision to reduce flows of natural gas to Europe means the continent has to look forward to a winter of potential rationing, which could hit chemical production. Tightened supply has also sent gas prices soaring, with high costs forcing production cuts, especially in fertilizers.

India is facing a shortage of fertilizers and edible oil amid wide-ranging trade disruptions as the Ukraine war rages on, with financial sanctions tightening on Russia.

Europe’s energy challenge is immense and put into stark relief by the response to Russia’s war in Ukraine. Cutting the ties that bind EU and non-EU nations to Russian gas and oil will be extremely painful this year and in years to come.

This topic page examines the impact of the Ukraine conflict on oil, gas, fertilizer and chemical markets.

War in Ukraine, gas crisis

-Stop gas, solar energy will cost 10 times less: the study – Renewables, wind and solar
Rystad Energy expects renewables will grow from 2023 onwards, allowing Europe to save on bills.
Now more than ever, Europe is at a crossroads. Taking a road, it would continue to depend on the energy produced by gas; by choosing the other path, it would warmly embrace renewables. But if there was no doubt about which path was the best, the latest study by the research institute Rystad Energy puts the seal.
According to the report, today’s geopolitical chessboard means that running a gas plant, in the long run, costs 10 times more than installing new photovoltaic systems. And things would not change much with a drop in prices, because the fossil would struggle to remain competitive compared to the green, even in the coming years.

Watershed 2023

Let’s try to understand by looking at the numbers. The war in Ukraine has skyrocketed energy costs. The TTF indices (Title Transfer Facility, the European reference market for gas trading) went from an average of 46 euros per megawatt hour in 2021 to 134 € / MWh in 2022, which means an increase of 187%. In August there was even a peak of 330 € / MWh.
Rystad Energy’s prediction is that the new reality, combined with European policies, will favor the boom in renewables. However, it will take some time to see real changes. Already in the first 7 months of this year, the production of electricity from gas increased by 4%, driven by the decline in hydroelectric and nuclear power.
But 2023 could be the year of the turning point.

The ignition of wind and solar plants with a total of 50 GW, together with 30 GW of French nuclear power, will certainly reduce the need for gas. A look further shows that in 2025 we will have over 100 GW of new capacity.
They will become 333 GW in 2028, enough to generate 663 TWh of electricity, but on the condition that all funds currently allocated to gas are diverted to renewables. For 2050 we are talking about 2,000 TWh. And all this adds up to the basic scenario of the research institute, which speaks of 2,385 GW of photovoltaics and wind and 520 GW of batteries installed, again in the middle of the century.
“European decision makers – comments Carlos Torres Diaz, head of the energy sector at Rystad Energy – must decide whether to continue using expensive and less safe gas or invest in economical renewable energies and storage options.
Gas will continue to play an important role in the European energy mix for a while yet, but the economy and climate concerns will tip the balance in favor of renewable energy, unless fundamental changes occur. ”

Enzyme-recycled - Ukraine-war

-EREMA Group and INTCO Recycling sign strategic partnership for recycling PET

INTCO is a Chinese recycling company active worldwide that has become one of the largest recyclers and end users of waste expanded polystyrene (EPS). Every year, INTCO recycles around 100,000 tonnes of EPS waste that it acquires around the globe and processes it into new high-quality consumer goods, such as picture frames, that are then sold in well-known furniture stores. Frank Liu, founder and chairman of INTCO Medical Technology Co., Ltd. and Shandong INTCO Recycling Resources Co., Ltd. also applies this circular economy concept when recycling PET waste. Having been active in this segment for five years, INTCO is planning major investment in the expansion of PET recycling solutions over the next few years.

Recycling capacity is to increase to up to one million tons per year

“We also want to become the leading supplier in this segment and increase our PET recycling capacity from the current level of around 150,000 tonnes a year to one million tonnes in the coming years,” explains Frank Liu: “To do this, we need an experienced and reliable technology partner, which we have with EREMA at our side.”

INTCO has trusted in the technologies and service provided by the Austrian recycling machine manufacturer for more than ten years. Just a few months ago, a VACUNITE® bottle-to-bottle recycling system started production in Malaysia. “We are pleased that INTCO have decided to further intensify their work together with us, focusing on PET recycling,” says Manfred Hackl, CEO EREMA Group GmbH. Regarding the benefits of this partnership, he comments, “INTCO is a partner who also have the end product in mind from the very beginning with their recycling solutions. Promoting a circular economy for plastics is our shared objective, which requires the highest possible quality of recycled pellets. That’s exactly where the strength of our team comes in, as well as our patented technologies, which we are constantly developing together with our customers and partners.”

EREMA Group and INTCO Recycling sign strategic partnership for recycling PET

-Samsara ECO develops enzyme-recycled packs – “Infinite plastic recycling” tech

Samsara Eco, an Australian startup that uses enzyme-based technology to break down plastic into its core molecules, announced today it has raised $54 million AUD (about $34.7 million USD) in Series A funding. The company is planning to build its first plastic recycling facility in Melbourne later this year, with the target of full-scale production by 2023.

Investors in the round include Breakthrough Victoria, Temasek, Assembly Climate Capital, DCVC and INP Capital. Existing investors like deep-tech fund Main Sequence, Woolworths Group’s W23 and Clean Energy Finance Corporation (CEFC) also participated.

Samsara launched last year in partnership with the Australian National University. TechCrunch last covered the startup when it raised $6 million earlier this year.

The company’s enzyme-based technology breaks down plastics into their molecular building blocks to produce new plastic products — which can in turn be broken down again, creating what Samsara refers to as infinite plastic recycling.

Samsara’s new funding will be used for expansion, building its library of plastic-eating enzymes and funding its first commercial facility, which it says will be able to infinitely recycle 20,000 tons of plastic starting in 2024. It will also grow its engineering team and expand operations into Europe and North America.

CEO and founder Paul Riley said that since March, when Samsara’s previous round of funding was announced, it’s been focused on expanding its enzyme library, which is now capable of depolymerizing several different types of plastic. Its also worked with partners to develop market solutions using Samsara’s plastic-recycling tech.

Samsara’s tech is capable of breaking down plastic into its core molecules in minutes, regardless of color, type and state, said Riley. Its Melbourne facility will first recycle PET plastic and polyester, which Riley says accounts for about a fifth of plastic created annually. Its long-term mission is to recycle mixed bale plastics and advance its tech to the point where every kind of plastic can be infinitely recycled.

“Given the scale of the plastics crisis, our vision was always to scale infinite plastic recycling as fast as possible,” he said. “For us, this capital raise was about partnering with those that bring industry expertise and commitment to addressing one of the world’s most prominent climate challenges — which is fossil-made plastic — and, in the process, reducing plastic pollution by closing the loop.”

Samsara is also preparing for the launch of its first enzymatically recycled packaging, in partnership with Woolworths Group. The packaging will be on shelves in Woolworths’ supermarkets next year, moving the company toward its goal of recycling 1.5 million tons of plastic per year by 2030. Woolworths Group has committed to turning the first 5,000 tons of recycled Samsara plastic into packaging for its branded products, like vegetables and bakery trays.

Riley said Samsara’s tech is highly tolerant of contamination and can recycle colored plastics, mixed plastics and multi-layered plastic, which means it has applications across a wide range of industries, including packaging, fashion, automative, medical, electronics and construction.

The fashion industry accounts for about 10% of global CO2 emissions. Australia is the second-highest consumer of textiles per person in the world, Riley said, which gives Samsara the opportunity to recycle discarded fast fashion pieces in the form of mixed fiber textiles, reducing the amount of clothing that ends up in landfills.


Samsara ECO develops enzyme-recycled packs - "Infinite plastic recycling" tech

-Meta Materials, a developer of high-performance smart materials and nanocomposites, entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) in partnership with DuPont Teijin Films and Mitsubishi Electric Europe

Meta Materials, a developer of high-performance smart materials and nanocomposites, entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) in partnership with DuPont Teijin Films and Mitsubishi Electric Europe. Using META’s PLASMAfusion, the parties plan to scale a proprietary, high-volume, roll-to-roll manufacturing system for film-based, coated copper current collectors.

PLASMAfusion uses a pulsed electron beam in a mid-range vacuum to ablate a solid-state target containing the source material(s). Unlike the typical channel-spark discharge deposition, which is limited by the short lifetime of the cathode, PLASMAfusion deploys a virtual plasma cathode which is generated prior to each pulse of the electron beam.

Each PLASMAfusion pulse begins with a generation of plasma through ionization of the operation gas. The electron beam ablates the target and then the plasma cathode decays, leaving a space for ablated target material in the form of a plasma plume to propagate toward a substrate, where it forms a film. Repetition of the pulse at a rate in the range of 1–600 Hz allows a film to grow on the substrate with controlled growth rate and properties.


Meta Materials, a developer of high-performance smart materials and nanocomposites, entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) in partnership with DuPont Teijin Films and Mitsubishi Electric Europe

-Greater Boise continuing program to give hard-to-recycle plastic waste a second life

Project led by the Hefty® EnergyBag® program and Dow, in collaboration with ByFusion, offers sustainable ways to reuse hard-to-recycle plastic waste

Today, Reynolds Consumer Products, Dow , and ByFusion are announcing a new business agreement that continues their collaboration in the greater Boise area to divert hard-to-recycle plastics from the landfill.

Today’s announcement follows a successful demonstration project that began in July 2021 to collect plastic waste from the community through the Hefty® EnergyBag® program and convert the materials into ByBlocks®. This novel materials agreement signifies a substantial milestone for ByFusion’s Blocker technology as an effective mechanical recycling process and extends the collection for another year with the ultimate goal of increasing circular solutions in Idaho.

Since July 2021, the ByFusion pilot project has taken hard-to-recycle plastic materials collected through Boise’s existing Hefty® EnergyBag® program and has converted them into ByBlocks®, the first-ever construction-grade block made from plastics previously destined for landfills. The pilot phase aimed to create new, circular uses for up to 72 tons of hard-to-recycle plastics and within a year has exceeded that objective with 80 tons repurposed to date.

“ByFusion is thrilled with the results from our ongoing partnership with the Hefty® EnergyBag® program and Dow,” said Heidi Kujawa, CEO, ByFusion. “After seeing the impressive results from the Boise community, I’m confident about our ability to meet our goal of placing a Blocker System in every city.”

The ByFusion demonstration project reveals how communities of all sizes can put their hard-to-recycle plastic waste to good use by converting it into a building material that meets community needs. In February 2022, the City of Boise unveiled a new park bench made of ByBlocks® in Manitou Park. Boisesourced ByBlocks® may also be used to create community infrastructure like create perimeter walls, privacy fencing, sound walls, bus stations, dumpster enclosures, storage facilities, and residential projects and much more.

“After a successful first year, we now have a proven solution to prevent more plastic from ending up in landfills,” said Jennifer Ellis, City of Boise Public Works Commissioner. “We’re enabling sustainable development in Boise while encouraging recycling in our community. I’m grateful for our citizens who have participated in the Hefty® EnergyBag® program to collect plastic waste. Without their efforts, we wouldn’t have the materials needed to develop sustainably with ByBlocks®. I’m excited to see how the program’s continuation will impact further growth in Boise as well as expand plastic recycling in other areas.”

The Hefty® EnergyBag® program in the Greater Boise area began in 2018 as community members purchased the orange bags at stores in the community and placed hard-to-recycle plastics into the bags for curbside pickup with their normal recycling. Haulers pick up and deliver the bags to local recycling facilities as part of their routine service and schedules.

“By partnering with Dow and ByFusion, we’ve seen how a local community can come together to collect hard-to-recycle plastics through the Hefty® EnergyBag® program and convert them into valuable resources,” said Lisa Burns, Senior Vice President, Sustainability, Reynolds Consumer Products. “Greater Boise has responded so favorably to the program and helped send 80 tons of plastic through ByFusion’s Blocker process. Across all Hefty® EnergyBag® projects in Boise, that brings the total material diverted to over 1000 tons since the initial launch in this community. I’m happy to see such a positive example of the program in action, and I’m eager to continue exploring new end-usage opportunities in othercommunities.”

Greater Boise continuing program to give hard-to-recycle plastic waste a second life

-Made In Italy Engineering supports UAE’s circular economy, Maire Tecnimont begins a polymers reprocessing plant in Abu Dhabi

On the occasion of the Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference (ADIPEC), one the most important international event of the natural resources industry, Maire Tecnimont’s subsidiary NextChem, through the associate company GCB Polymers, inaugurates a new re-processing and upcycling plant for polymers today in the Kezad Industrial Zone, in the UAE capital city Abu Dhabi. This new plant processes a very wide range of polymer products, from near to prime to the lower end of plant scraps, post-industrial and post-consumer waste, and also recycled polymers.

The plant is capable of both improving and upgrading lower-quality polymers (such off-spec products, plant scraps) and upcycling plastic waste into higher-value, qualified products fit for specific industrial applications, thus representing an effective contribution to the development of a circular economy.

Located between Dubai and Abu Dhabi in the largest industrial and free trade zone in the Middle East, the plant was built by GCB Polymers, a joint venture between NextChem, P2 Polimeri and Polyme General Trading. GCB Polymers is a pioneer investor at the Kezad Polymer Park, a plastics value chain ecosystem located close to the heart of a large industrial zone, in support of UAE Circular Economy Policy, in country value and contributing to a new circular economy approach in the UAE.

“The plant at Kezad is an example of Made in Italy know-how, which was developed at home and now has been exported to help countries like the UAE develop circular economy on an industrial scale,” said Maire Tecnimont Chairman Fabrizio Di Amato at the inauguration of the plant. “By converting lower quality polymers into higher value products, and at the same time upcycling plastic waste, we are industrializing an innovative and effective way to decisively put circularity into the picture in the UAE. We are glad to keep on supporting the Country in the realization of its vision in the energy transition with more energy produced and less emissions.”

The plant will use the nearby deep-water Khalifa Port on a daily basis to import and export products and will reach the production of as much as 180,000 per year tons of polymers in the next few years. These polymers can be used to make products for the home, garden furniture, pipes, packaging, and many other applications.

Enzyme-recycled - Ukraine-war

Enzyme-recycled – Ukraine-war

PET-films – Masterbatches 04-11-2022