Salt batteries 16-03-2023

Salt batteries

-What are salt batteries

Salt batteries, also known as salt accumulators, are devices that store energy: the goal, so to speak, is the same as lithium batteries, but the internal chemical composition changes. This type of accumulator is called “salt” due to the very high presence of sodium chloride (32%): sodium is an element of the periodic table which, compared to the lithium of canonical batteries, is easier to find and is also recyclable, even if it has a
However, all that glitters is not gold: as we mentioned at the beginning, not only are salt batteries more expensive than lithium ones, but they also have a strong nickel component (20%), by far the element most present after sodium and followed to a lesser extent by ceramics, iron, copper and various elements. Salt batteries
Nickel, compared to sodium, is more difficult to find and requires special precautions in the context of disposal so as not to impact nature.

Composition and operation

But how are salt batteries specifically made? Forgive us for the brief technical parenthesis, it is necessary to better understand this technology.
Each cell in the charged state sees a positive electrode of copper and nickel chloride (cathode) and a negative one of liquid sodium (anode): separating the two electrodes is a ceramic tube called beta-aluminate ceramic electrolyte. The contact between the latter and the positive electrode is ensured by a molten secondary electrolyte. We won’t go into too many details, however know that the operation is based on reaching high temperatures to melt a specific element, in this case sodium (97.8°C): essentially, salt batteries work with a range between 270°C and 350°C. Salt batteries

Where do salt batteries come from?

Despite their rather recent use, salt batteries were actually born in the distant 1980s in South Africa: behind this intuition is Zeolite Battery Research (Zebra) which invents the Zebra Battery. A very old story, therefore, which sees the company in question change various properties, an element that in fact greatly slows down the economic investments and the market development of this type of technology. An important turning point came with the Italian company Elettra 1938, which managed to produce these components in series under the name of FZSoNick, making them adopted by some bus companies.
Also in the rest of the world salt batteries find several companies very interested in their production: the best known example is that of CATL, a Chinese company considered the largest battery manufacturer in the world. Even the Italian company AMG Italian Energy Storage, despite its young age, is making an important contribution to the widespread development of this technology.

Pros and cons of batteries

So what are the advantages and disadvantages of this technology? Why should you invest in it? Salt batteries, as already indicated, constitute an extremely valid solution for moving towards energy sustainability: in addition to being recyclable, they have a long life, do not require maintenance, do not present a fire risk and are not toxic to humans . In addition, they can also operate at low ambient temperatures due to the excellent thermal insulation and, not being affected by temperature variations, they have a constant effectiveness that does not decrease with prolonged use. An extremely interesting and positive picture, therefore.
Unfortunately, there are also some disadvantages: a turning point when discharged, salt batteries need about 10-12 hours to return to the internal operating temperature, making them unsuitable for occasional and fast charges. In addition, the dimensions do not allow the use of small devices (such as cell phones) and there is not yet a capillary and tested distribution chain like that of lithium batteries.

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Salt batteries

Cell to pack battery grow 24-02-2023

Cell to pack battery grow

-The cell to pack battery market is projected to grow from USD 5.5 billion in 2023 to USD 29.3 billion by 2030 at a CAGR of 26.9%

The growth of this market is mainly driven by the increasing demand for high-voltage batteries to achieve a longer drive range. CTP battery is one of the results of such advancement, which eliminates the usage of modules and directly integrates cells into battery packs.

Reportlinker.com announces the release of the report “Cell to Pack Battery Market by Form, Battery Type, Propulsion, Technology, Vehicle Type and Region – Global Forecast to 2030” – https://www.reportlinker.com/p06422852/?utm_source=GNW

This allows the use of larger and more cells within battery packs with reduced interconnections and a simplified assembly process resulting in an increased volumetric density of batteries and reduced cost. CTP technology is yet to be commercially launched in most EV-dominating countries. It is expected to gain traction by 2024?2025 in the US, South Korea, Japan, and European countries. Cell to pack battery grow

“Passenger electric vehicles is the largest market for cell to pack battery.”

The demand for electric passenger cars has increased in the past few years owing to the rising demand for safer personal commutes in inter-city and cross-country travel.Asia Pacific is predicted to be the largest market for the sale of passenger electric cars, with China being the major contributor in the region.

Demand for electric passenger cars in Europe and North America has also grown due to rising fuel prices and increasing awareness for decarbonized vehicles.Some electric passenger car models offer an average driving range of 500-600 km, but these are higher-ranged electric passenger cars. Cell to pack battery grow

Cell to pack batteries would help to equip economical electric passenger cars with high energy density at lower cost and reduced weight.

Further, cell to pack battery technology will support the noteworthy developments undertaken by electric vehicle manufacturers in high-voltage battery areas for the passenger cars segment to improve vehicle range and reduce charging time.For instance, Hyundai and Kia have introduced high-speed 800V architecture for upcoming passenger vehicles.

Porsche has an EV model Taycan which supports an 800 V battery architecture.Other OEMs have also announced using cell to pack batteries in upcoming models.

In December 2021, Toyota Motor Corporation partnered with BYD Company Ltd. to build an electric car with a blade battery. In October 2021, Hyundai MOBIS (South Korea) entered a partnership with CATL, wherein CATL would supply the cell- to-pack battery technology to Hyundai MOBIS. Cell to pack battery grow

This will likely bring some EV models to South Korea from 2023?2024 onwards. Further, a few Chinese OEMs – BYD Company Ltd., Neta, Xpeng Inc., etc. have either expanded or planned to expand with electric passenger car models in other parts of the world. All of these factors will help to dominate the passenger vehicle segment for cell to pack battery market

“Lithium iron phosphate chemistry to hold the largest share in the cell to pack battery.”

Lithium iron phosphate (LFP) battery chemistry (a form of Lithium-ion battery) is also the most preferred choice among other chemistry for cell to pack battery technology.LFP batteries offer numerous advantages such as lightweight, lower cost, enhanced discharge, charge efficiency, durability, longer life span, minimal maintenance, and optimized safety, among others. Cell to pack battery grow

Owing to these benefits, >90% of batteries developed with the cell to pack technology use LFP chemistry across all-electric vehicles.In October 2021, Tesla declared that it would completely switch to LFP batteries in all its models owing to lower cost and easy production process rather than using NCA batteries for increasing the range of its vehicles.

Currently, Tesla has adopted the use of LFP batteries in its best-selling models like Model 3 and Model Y.Apart from passenger cars, LFP has also been used in electric buses due to its lower costs and high voltage bearing feature. Cell to pack battery grow

Thus, these factors and the need for an optimized energy density range would drive the LFP batteries’ demand for CTP technology over the coming years.

Europe is speculated to be the fastest-growing market for cell to pack battery

Europe is anticipated to grow at the fastest rate for cell to pack battery market by 2030.Europe is witnessing significant expansion in the micro-cars segment owing to factors such as the stringent carbon emission mandate, incentive boost by green recovery funds, viable charging infrastructure, and intense promotion of electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles.

The market demand for cell to pack batteries will be initially driven by the entry of foreign OEMs with vehicles equipped with this technology.For instance, BYD Tang, Han EV, and Atto 3 are offered in some European countries, including Norway, Germany, Sweden, and the UK. Cell to pack battery grow

Tesla sells Model 3 and Model Y in Europe and is expected to deploy cell to pack batteries in these models in the coming years as it has started deploying these CTP batteries in China. Further, some electric commercial vehicle manufacturers (Solaris Bus & Coach sp. z o.o., VDL Bus & Coach BV) have partnered with Chinese battery supplier- CATL to receive cell to pack batteries in electric buses. However, the Russia-Ukraine crisis has disrupted the supply chain for batteries and other raw material supplies for electric vehicles and also affected EV sales to some extent.

The situation is anticipated to recover in the coming years, thereby fueling the demand for cell to pack batteries in the years to come. Cell to pack battery grow

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Cell to pack battery grow

rPET bottle – Green hydrogen 23- 02-2023

Recycled PET – Zero-CO2-car 18-02-2023

Recycled PET – Zero-CO2-car

-Recycled Rubber, Rice Husks and Plastic Bottles: Sustainable Materials in Tire Production

  • Continental consistently optimizes its tires in the direction of increasing sustainability
  • Target by 2050 at the latest: tires made entirely from sustainable materials
  • Maximum safety on the road thanks to the ideal blend of raw materials

Car tires are round, black and made of rubber. Look closer, however, and you’ll see that the design of tires and the interaction of the various materials that go into making them are extremely complex. But for some time now, the material experts and tire engineers at Continental have been bringing about a silent revolution. By 2050 at the latest, all tires are to be made of sustainable materials. There is still a long way to go until then.

But step by step, it is already becoming apparent which raw materials will find their way into tire construction in the future. These include waste products from agriculture – such as the ash from rice husks – rubber from dandelions, recycled rubber or PET bottles.

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Recycled Rubber, Rice Husks and Plastic Bottles: Sustainable Materials in Tire Production

-JEC World 2023 preview: Freudenberg Performance Materials

Freudenberg Performance Materials is presenting an extended range of surfacing veils and core materials for the production of lightweight composite parts.

A new Flex option for the Dieffenbacher (Eppingen, Germany) Fibercon system expands customers’ application possibilities by making consolidation possible independent of the tape layup geometry and layup thickness. This option is available as a retrofit or as part of a new Fibercon system.Recycled PET – Zero-CO2-car

The Dieffenbacher Fibercon system consolidates tape layups into near-net shape laminates with high quality and porosity of less than 1%. According to the company, Fibercon achieves exceptionally good material properties for high-quality components, making it ideal for large-scale production of individual component-specific tape layups. It’s even possible to process high-performance thermoplastics without further adaptation.

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Recycled PET - Zero-CO2-car

-Techmer PM’s HiTerra™ rPET Revive enhances recycled PET quality

Clinton-based compounder and materials design specialist Techmer PM has developed a solution to the short supply of recycled PET (rPET). Called HiTerra™ rPET Revive, this new concentrate rebuilds the resin’s polymer chains, thereby increasing its viscosity and reducing rPET’s resulting yellowness.

Brand owners are committed to increasing their use of recycled plastics to meet their publicly declared environmental goals, but they are facing more than just technical challenges. These challenges include the short supply and additional cost of high-quality recycled PET. Recycled PET – Zero-CO2-car

The situation is exacerbated because PET thermally degrades when it is repeatedly reprocessed, as these multiple heat histories lead to yellowing and viscosity breakdown, limiting the use of such materials. HiTerra rPET Revive aims to ease the crunch at the molecular level.

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Recycled PET - Zero-CO2-car

-Petronas green unit buys Australian renewables player Wirsol

Petronas green unit buys Australian renewables player Wirsol Image by WIRCON GmbH on LinkedIn.

Gentari Sdn Bhd, the clean energy platform of Malaysian state-owned oil and gas company Petronas, has acquired Wirsol Energy, the Australian renewable energy business of Germany’s Wircon GmbH, it was announced today. Recycled PET – Zero-CO2-car

The Malaysian buyer is getting a leading player in solar and energy storage in Australia with 422 MW in operating capacity and 765 MW of projects under development.

Financial details were not provided. Reuters recently reported that a deal was being finalised and that it could be worth up to AUD 1 billion (USD 689m/EUR 644m).

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Recycled PET - Zero-CO2-car

-It’s time to embrace complementarity

Mechanical recycling needs chemical recycling- and vice versa

We cannot meet our climate goals without addressing plastic waste. According to a sobering new report from the Ellen MacArthur Foundation, businesses and governments worldwide are unlikely to deliver on their ambitious targets.

Credible, ambitious plans are needed from businesses to scale reuse, deal with the issue of flexible packaging and reduce the need for single-use packaging.

And the plastics industry says there is a way to help solve the crisis of plastic waste plaguing the planet’s oceans, beaches and lands – recycle it chemically.

Supposing the billions in investments announced by brand owners and petrochemical companies over the last year are appropriate indicators, ground-breaking solutions to the plastic recycling challenge appear right around the corner. In truth, there is work to be done. But we are doing that work. Recycled PET – Zero-CO2-car

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It's time to embrace complementarity

-European Parliament approves zero CO2 for new cars and vans in 2035

The European Parliament approved the new CO2 emissions reduction targets for new passenger cars and light commercial vehicles, part of the “Fit for 55” package. With 340 votes in favor, 279 against and 21 abstentions, MEPs endorsed the deal reached with the Council on revised CO2 emission performance standards for new cars and vans in line with the EU’s increased climate ambition. Recycled PET – Zero-CO2-car

The new legislation sets the path towards zero CO2 emissions for new passenger cars and light commercial vehicles in 2035 (an EU fleet-wide target to reduce CO2 emissions produced by new cars and vans by 100% compared to 2021).

Intermediate emissions reduction targets for 2030 are set at 55% for cars and 50% for vans.

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European Parliament approves zero CO2 for new cars and vans in 2035

-RePEaT licenses polyester chemical recycling tech to Zhejiang Jianxin

RePEaT Co has signed a deal to license its chemical recycling technology for polyester products to China’s Zhejiang Jianxin Jiaren New Materials Co, parent firm Teijin said.

RePEaT is a joint venture established by Japanese firms Teijin, JGC Holdings Corp and ITOCHU Corp to license recycling technology based on Teijin’s expertise in dimethyl terephthalate (DMT), Teijin said in a statement. Recycled PET – Zero-CO2-car

“RePEaT will provide a technology that uses the organic compound DMT for the chemical decomposition, conversion and then repolymerisation of polyester (PET),” the company said.

“Zhejiang Jianxin will use the technology in a polyester-product recycling plant it plans to start up in Shaoxing, Zhejiang province next year,” it added.

Financial details of the deal were not disclosed.

We remind, Teijin Frontier Co., Ltd., the Teijin Group’s fibers and products converting company, announced that its core base for polyester fiber manufacturing, Teijin Polyester (Thailand) Limited (TPL), launched a cutting-edge automated facility for the highly efficient production of polyester filaments. Recycled PET – Zero-CO2-car

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RePEaT licenses polyester chemical recycling tech to Zhejiang Jianxin

Eco-fibres – Electric-car alarm 17-02-2023

Eco-fibres – Electric-car alarm 17-02-2023

Eco-fibres – Electric-car alarm

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend

-IVL showcasing latest eco-fibres at Filtech

Indorama Ventures’ Hygiene Group will present its sustainable suite of recycled and biodegradable polymer solutions for filter media applications, including its latest offering Deja CO2 Neutral Fibers, at this week’s Filtech exhibition.

The company’s fully certified carbon neutral brand Deja CO2 Neutral is the latest addition to its innovative Deja range, a carbon neutral solution for PP staple fibres.

Deja CO2 Neutral Fibers come with an independently verified carbon neutral certification of compliance to demonstrate its sustainable production throughout its supply chain. Eco-fibres – Electric-car alarm

The final carbon footprint is reduced to zero through the use of clean energy, recycled water, low impact transport network and by using carbon credit offsetting for unavoidable emissions.

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Eco-fibres - Electric-car alarm

-Alterra’s technology selected to build ambitious 192,000 t/pa chemical recycling plant

Freepoint obtains licence for its projected Gulf Coast recycling facility

In a statement released 14 Feb., Alterra Energy announced that it has entered into its first licensing agreement in North America. The agreement – with a subsidiary of Freepoint Eco-Systems Holdings LLC  – provides for the construction of a 192,000 tonnes per annum chemical recycling facility for waste plastics in the Gulf Coast region. Eco-fibres – Electric-car alarm

Alterra has developed a liquefaction technology that, unlike many of its competitors, is a continuous, rather than a batch or semi-batch process. The company currently operates an industrial-scale, fully continuous 20,000 tonnes per annum recycling facility in Akron, Ohio, where it processes, for the most part, post-consumer mixed plastic otherwise destined for landfills or incineration.

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Alterra’s technology selected to build ambitious 192,000 t/pa chemical recycling plant

-Ford taps Michigan for new LFP battery plant; new battery chemistry offers customers value, durability, fast charging, creates 2,500 more new american jobs

Ford is the first automaker to commit to build both nickel cobalt manganese (NCM) and lithium iron phosphate (LFP) batteries in the U.S., helping America’s No. 2 EV company in 2022 bring EVs to more customers and diversify its U.S. supply chain

Ford is investing $3.5 billion to build an LFP battery plant in Marshall, Michigan; this wholly owned subsidiary is part of Ford’s $50 billion+ global push to lead the EV revolution.  Eco-fibres – Electric-car alarm

Initial production slated for 2026 with 2,500 employees to start

Adding LFP batteries to Ford’s EV lineup this year – starting with Mustang Mach-E – and backing a U.S. LFP battery plant are key parts of the company’s Ford+ plan; this helps Ford scale more quickly, making EVs more accessible and affordable for customers

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Eco-fibres - Electric-car alarm

-New recycling record: 1.3 billion bottles processed

Despite numerous challenges, PET to PET Recycling Österreich GmbH in Müllendorf has set a new recycling record for 2022: 32,900 t of PET material from around 1.3 billion bottles were successfully kept in the bottle-to-bottle cycle. This corresponds to an increase in processing volume of 20% compared to the previous year (2021: 27,300 t). In 2023, the company will continue to focus on renewable energy and install a 6,400 square meter PV system with an output of 1.2 MWp on the roofing of its storage areas. Eco-fibres – Electric-car alarm

The year 2022 was also marked by economic challenges for the recycling industry in Austria. As the restrictions and burdens of the coronavirus pandemic gradually eased over the course of the year, other dramatic developments occurred: Russia’s war against Ukraine resulted in extreme energy price developments with unprecedented price swings – coupled with uncertainty about whether enough gas would be available for the winter months. Eco-fibres – Electric-car alarm

Waves of inflation, a lack of availability of raw materials and disrupted supply chains have placed enormous demands on industry for months.

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Eco-fibres - Electric-car alarm

-Electric car alarm: repairing them costs up to 50% more than a petrol model. Here because

ROME – Not only the purchase price, but also the repair price of an electric car in the event of an accident is higher than that of a combustion car. And that leads to a higher insurance premium.  Eco-fibres – Electric-car alarm

But what are the evaluation criteria that affect the different cost of repairing electric vehicle claims? And what is their impact on claims and insurance premiums? To analyze the problem, the UK government has funded a study, which will last a few months, led by the research institute Thatcham Research, which will draw on real-world claims data through collaboration with LV= General Insurance, one of the largest insurers of electric cars in the UK which is part of the Allianz Group.

In the first phase, the project will focus on identifying what differentiates the claims workflow for electric vehicles, revealing potential weaknesses. According to a study conducted by CCC Intelligent Solutions, the average repair cost for a small electric city car, in the event of a frontal impact, is 26.6% higher than for an equivalent combustion car. Eco-fibres – Electric-car alarm

And the differential increases to 53.3% when a luxury SUV is involved. Above all, the higher costs of spare parts have an impact, linked to the greater use in electric vehicles of more expensive lightweight materials, such as aluminum and carbon fiber, as well as to their particular design.

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Electric car alarm: repairing them costs up to 50% more than a petrol model. Here because

-Microplastic pollution, the new disturbing discovery

The damage caused to the environment by human polluting activities could be irreparable.  Eco-fibres – Electric-car alarm

With an article published in “Environmental Science and Technology”, a research team from the University of Barcelona, Spain, claims that the microplastics that have settled on the seabed over the last 50 years have remained intact.

Scientists have found confirmation of their hypotheses after carrying out some surveys in the Balearic Sea, near the Ebro delta, one of the longest rivers in the Iberian Peninsula.

Microplastic pollution, the new disturbing discovery

-Elon Musk: “Times have changed”. Tesla earns more than GM and Ford

Tesla Inc.  has emerged as a force to reckon with in the automotive industry, thanks to execution and external factors that support faster adoption of electric vehicles. An analyst recently shared data that highlighted how the Elon Musk-led company has risen in ranks over the years. Eco-fibres – Electric-car alarm

What Happened: Tesla has increased its sales from a mere $0.4 billion 10 years ago to $81 billion currently, said Charlie Bilello, chief market strategist at CPI Wealth noted. In comparison, legacy automakers General Motors Corp. (NYSE:GM) and Ford Motor Co. (NYSE:F) grew topline from $152 billion and $134 billion, respectively, 10 years ago to $157 billion and $158 billion, he noted.

The numbers suggest while Tesla grew revenue by 20,150% over the past decade, GM and Fed saw revenue growth of 3.3% and 17.9%, respectively. The net income comparison highlights Tesla’s supremacy even more. Eco-fibres – Electric-car alarm

GM’s net income increased from $6.2 billion to $10 billion over 10 years. Over the same time frame, Ford’s bottom line turned from a profit of $5.6 billion to a loss of $2 billion.

Elon Musk: “Times have changed”. Tesla earns more than GM and Ford

Tesla has increased its net profit from a negative $0.4 billion to $13 billion. It now makes more money than GM and Ford combined.

The comparison caught the attention of none other than Musk and he mused, “How times have changed.”

Why It’s Important: The lead Tesla has over its legacy counterparts which are taking baby steps toward electrification is only going to grow, provided it can continue to execute. Eco-fibres – Electric-car alarm

The company has had a head start and is way ahead of the rest of the pack, which is trying to make meaningful inroads into the industry. Tesla also has other subsidiary businesses, including energy and insurance, and it has the most extensive charging infrastructure and network which is an added advantage for vehicle sales.

From the profit perspective, the scale of operation and geographically well-diversified production give the Austin, Texas-based company an edge.

Ford and GM, therefore, have a lot of catchups to do if they have to pose a potent threat to Tesla.

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Elon Musk: “Times have changed”. Tesla earns more than GM and Ford

Eco-fibres – Electric-car alarm

PET washing – Hydrogen – Cars 16-02-2023

Cars become virtual power 16-02-2023

Cars become virtual power

-Cars become virtual power plants (and make money)

By storing energy at off-peak hours and selling it at peak times, battery-powered cars create the grid of the future Cars become virtual power
Does charging an electric car cost a lot? Perhaps. It depends on many factors. But what if we told you that instead of spending money when you leave your car plugged in, is there a way to make money? Just keep in mind a few words: virtual powerhouses.
Unlike physical ones, which immediately catch the eye for reinforced concrete buildings, chimneys and transmission lines, virtual power plants can be defined as a series of points where distant but connected energy sources are located. And among these there are also electric vehicles.  Cars become virtual power
How do they work
The idea behind it is that cars recharge their batteries during off-peak hours, when electricity costs are lowest, and store energy to be fed back into the grid during peak demand, selling it at higher prices than those of ‘purchase.
In this way, “they can act as a large-scale power plant and provide the same services known so far,” explains Mark Dyson, managing director of a zero-emissions energy program launched by RMI, a non-profit organization committed to the ecological transition ( source: Automotive News). Cars become virtual power
Projects and prospects
The association just announced a virtual power plant program called the “Virtual Power Plant Partnership,” in which Ford and General Motors are also participating. The goal is to educate motorists, politicians and companies on the benefits of this technological possibility.
“Raising awareness is of paramount importance,” says Rob Threlkeld, director of global energy strategy at GM. The coalition will then share knowledge and best practices to build a more resilient network. However, beyond the good intentions, something else will also be needed to make everything mature:  Cars become virtual power
“As soon as we have intelligent charging infrastructures that allow us to better manage energy supplies, then we will benefit from virtual power plants, because they reinforce the promise of electric vehicles,” concludes by Nathan Niese, global head of EV at Boston Consulting Group  Cars become virtual power

Cars become virtual power

Unlocking the true value of the EV battery through price

Unlocking the true value of the EV battery through price

Waste-tire recycling – EU car 15-02-2023

Alkegen automotive arm 15-02-2023

Alkegen automotive arm

-Alkegen offloads automotive arm

Speciality materials platform Alkegen is to sell its Thermal Acoustical Solutions (TAS) business unit to private equity firm Regent, L.P. The TAS business manufactures high performance acoustical and thermal management insulation components for the automotive and transportation industries.

John Dandolph, Alkegen’s president and CEO said that the divestment was part of Alkegen’s long-term strategy to advance its growing portfolio of specialty materials dedicated to sustainability and human health. Alkegen automotive arm

“This divestiture allows us to focus all of Alkegen’s resources on our primary goal: advancing our unique platform of specialty materials that meaningfully help the world breathe easier, live greener and go further than ever before,” he said. “We’re excited for the future and the new opportunities this creates for both Alkegen and the TAS business as it moves forward with Regent.”

“We are pleased to have found a strong partner in Regent for the TAS business,” added Paul Vallis, Alkegen’s president of Filtration & Catalysis and General Manager of TAS, “and we look forward to seeing TAS employees and customers thrive under new ownership.” As part of the agreement, Paul Vallis will remain with Alkegen as President of its Filtration & Catalysis business group. Alkegen automotive arm

Alkegen originally acquired TAS as part of its acquisition of Lydall, Inc. in October 2021. The sale includes Thermal Acoustical Solutions locations in Hamptonville, North Carolina; Yadkinville, North Carolina; St. Nazaire, France; Meinerzhagen, Germany; and Taicang, China.

The transaction is expected to close in the first quarter of 2023, subject to appropriate labor consultations, regulatory filings, and other customary closing conditions.

Alkegen, formerly Unifrax and Lydall Materials, creates high performance specialty materials used in advanced applications including electric vehicles, energy storage, filtration, fire protection and high-temperature insulation, among many others. It operates 75 manufacturing facilities operating in 12 countries and employs 9,000+ employees globally. Alkegen automotive arm

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Alkegen automotive arm

rPET Renewable packaging EVcars 14-02-2023

Sea salt battery 13-02-2023

Sea salt battery

 -‘Significant breakthrough’: This new sea salt battery has 4 times the capacity of lithium

Your electronics could soon be powered by an ultra cheap sea salt battery.Researchers have built a new cheap battery with four times the energy storage capacity of lithium.Constructed from sodium-sulphur – a type of molten salt that can be processed from sea water – the battery is low-cost and more environmentally friendly than existing options.It could be a ‘breakthrough’ for renewable energy, according to lead researcher Dr Shenlong Zhao, from the University of Sydney.“Our sodium battery has the potential to dramatically reduce costs while providing four times as much storage capacity [as Lithium],” he said. Sea salt battery

“This is a significant breakthrough for renewable energy development which, although reduces costs in the long term, has had several financial barriers to entry.”Why do batteries matter to renewable energy?As the climate heats up, there is an urgent need to switch to renewable energy sources like wind and solar. But renewables are not always as consistent as other sources meaning batteries are needed to store this electricity for later use.Many batteries are built with rare earth metals like lithium, graphite, and cobalt.

To achieve climate neutrality, the EU will require 18 times more lithium than it currently uses by 2030 and almost 60 times more by 2050.European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said in September that “lithium and rare earths will soon be more important than oil and gas.”But these metals come at a cost.Sea salt battery

Lithium extraction can result in water shortages, biodiversity loss, damage to ecosystem functions and soil degradation.When the metal is produced using evaporation ponds, for example, it takes approximately 2.2 million litres to produce one metric tonne.It’s also financially costly to mine at scale. This is where the sea salt battery could provide an alternative.What are molten salt batteries and are they scalable?Molten salt batteries aren’t a new concept. They’ve been around for 50 years, but they’ve been an ‘inferior alternative’ with a short energy life cycle.But this new battery is different. Scientists altered the electrodes to improve the reactivity of the sulphur – a key element determining storage capacity.

The resulting product showed “super-high capacity and ultra-long life at room temperature,” the University of Sydney researchers advise.Because sea salt is everywhere, it could provide a scalable alternative to lithium ion batteries.

“When the sun isn’t shining and the breeze isn’t blowing, we need high-quality storage solutions that don’t cost the Earth and are easily accessible on a local or regional level,” Dr Zhao said.“Storage solutions that are manufactured using plentiful resources like sodium – which can be processed from sea water – also have the potential to guarantee greater energy security more broadly and allow more countries to join the shift towards decarbonisation.  Sea salt battery

”The researchers now plan to improve and commercialise the new cells.

Source :https://tinyurl.com/y5ax9eu7

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Sea salt battery

Solid-State-Batteries – Bio-plastics 11-02-2023