Mixed-Plastics Recycling – Nafion, the Core Innovation in Rechargeable Solid Air Batteries 25-09-2023

Mixed-Plastics Recycling

Petrochemicals r-PET – Nafion, the Core Innovation in Rechargeable Solid Air Batteries


Mixed-Plastics Recycling

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

The UN’s chief of environmental affairs has issued a stark warning regarding the escalating production and pollution caused by plastic

She asserts that simply relying on plastic recycling is insufficient to address this crisis, urging a comprehensive reevaluation of our plastic consumption patterns.

Inger Andersen, the director of the UN Environment Program, emphasized during an interview at the General Assembly in New York that with plastic production soaring globally and pollution worsening, the status quo cannot be maintained. She underscored the need for a collective reimagining of how we utilize plastic materials.

Two weeks following the release of the initial draft of an impending international treaty on plastic pollution, anticipated to be finalized by the end of 2024, Andersen shared insights into the diverse ambitions of the 175 participating nations.

These ambitions range from advocating for a reduction in raw polymer production to emphasizing reuse and recycling.  Mixed-Plastics Recycling

Andersen’s approach starts with eliminating as many single-use plastics as possible, especially those that serve no necessary purpose, such as items wrapped in plastic that are naturally encased, like oranges or bananas. She also suggested reevaluating the very nature of products, questioning whether they need to be in liquid form and exploring alternatives like powders, compressed forms, or concentrates. For instance, she mentioned her habit of checking the soap aisle in supermarkets for solid alternatives.

Furthermore, Andersen stressed the importance of reducing the overall supply of new raw polymer, an option outlined in the draft treaty text. She pointed out that while recycling efforts are essential, plastic usage continues to rise. Over the past two decades, annual plastic production has more than doubled, reaching 460 million tons, and this figure could triple by 2060 if no significant changes occur. Currently, only nine percent of plastic is recycled, leading to plastic waste contaminating oceans, wildlife, and even human biological systems through microplastic pollution. Mixed-Plastics Recycling

Andersen emphasized that relying solely on recycling will not suffice in addressing this crisis. She expressed that if the inflow of new raw polymer into the economy remains unchecked, the problem of plastic pollution in oceans will persist. She underscored the critical importance of ocean health for humanity’s future.

The future treaty on plastic pollution is expected to complement global initiatives aimed at protecting oceans, including the recent historic treaty covering the high seas, which was signed by around 70 nations. Andersen hailed this development as a vital step in safeguarding a crucial portion of our shared heritage—the oceans.

Mixed-Plastics Recycling

New Chemical Process Offers Hope for Mixed-Plastics Recycling

A molecular additive allows different kinds of plastic to be recycled together

Soda bottles, sour cream containers and disposable cutlery—these plastics (and many others) typically arrive at recycling plants mixed together in the same bin. But because they are made of different molecular building blocks, called monomers, they must be sorted into different streams before they can be melted to make new products.

“Until about a year ago, everybody thought the only thing you could do is take a plastic, break it back down to a monomer and then re-form it,” says Sanat Kumar, a chemical engineer at Columbia University. “Now we’ve come up with a different way of doing it.” His team has developed a process that allows different kinds of plastic to be recycled together. Their findings, reported recently in Nature, could give new life to many items that end up in landfills. Mixed-Plastics Recycling

A disturbingly small portion of our plastic waste is recycled, and production of new plastic—made from fossil fuels—continues to increase. The worsening situation has prompted scientists to seek new solutions to old recycling problems, including the difficulty of recycling mixed plastics. But they have faced a fundamental chemical hurdle: when different plastics are melted together, their various monomers tend to separate from one another like oil and water.


Mixed-Plastics Recycling

Credit: Thomas Fuchs

Introducing the Innolith I-State: A Swiss Battery Revolutionizing Electric Vehicle Autonomy

Innolith, a Swiss pioneer in battery production, has unveiled a groundbreaking innovation in the world of electric vehicles—an extraordinary cell that not only reduces manufacturing costs but also extends the range of electric vehicles to well over 1,000 kilometers. Named the “I-State,” this battery employs a novel chemical composition, complemented by a non-flammable liquid electrolyte, which collectively enables it to operate at higher voltages, surpassing the conventional limit of 4.2 volts and reaching up to 5 volts.

Key Features:

  • Exceptional Energy Density: The Innolith I-State boasts an impressive volumetric density of 825 Wh/l.
  • Versatility in Temperature: This battery is engineered to function reliably in a broad temperature range, spanning from -40 degrees to +60 degrees Celsius.

Konstantin Solodovnikov, the CEO of Innolith, highlighted the pressing need for improved batteries to accelerate the transition to a greener economy. He pointed out that conventional lithium-ion batteries, though dependable for decades, have revealed limitations that must be addressed in the future. The I-State battery, with its enhanced performance, reduced costs, and environmental sustainability, emerges as a game-changer in this context. Mixed-Plastics Recycling

Solodovnikov emphasized that this innovative technology will play a pivotal role in supporting electric vehicles during the global shift towards eco-friendliness and renewable energy. Furthermore, Innolith is actively researching advancements in energy density and performance for future iterations of this technology.

Collaborative Efforts: Innolith’s I-State batteries are poised to enter the market through partnerships with leading automotive manufacturers and industry stakeholders. Additional details about these partnerships will be disclosed in due course. Excitingly, discussions are underway to license production, with the potential to yield an impressive annual output of 100 MWh of I-State batteries. Five companies have already expressed interest, and Innolith has entered into a letter of intent with a prominent enterprise, though the identity of this partner remains confidential for now. Mixed-Plastics Recycling

Introducing the Innolith I-State: A Swiss Battery Revolutionizing Electric Vehicle Autonomy

Elix Polymers Unveils E-Loop Sustainable Materials at Fakuma 2023

Elix Polymers, a leading global supplier of specialty ABS materials headquartered in Spain, is set to unveil its latest eco-friendly E-Loop product line at the upcoming Fakuma 2023 exhibition in Friedrichshafen, Germany, scheduled for October 17 to 21. The company has consolidated its efforts in the circular economy realm under the E-Loop brand, encompassing two key initiatives from Elix Sustainable Portfolio Solutions: Circular Plastics and Responsible Innovation. Elix will use the Fakuma platform to present its most impactful circular solutions and innovations, carrying the banner of “Let’s close the loop” at booth 5003 in hall B5. Mixed-Plastics Recycling

Visitors to the Elix stand can expect to see an array of products featuring mechanically recycled content, including E-Loop H801 MR, E-Loop Ultra 4105 MR, and E-Loop PC/ABS 5120 MR. These offerings maintain properties akin to their conventional prime counterparts while achieving a remarkable 29% reduction in CO2 emissions. Notably, these materials have garnered approval from various premium automotive Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) and have received validation from key tiers, with applications spanning the demanding landscape of both interior and exterior automotive components.

Among the highlights of the E-Loop range are the E-Loop CR products, crafted from sustainable certified raw materials that encompass circular and bio-based feedstocks. These products hold certification under ISCC+ (International Sustainability and Carbon Certification), with a meticulous mass balance model ensuring complete traceability and transparency across the supply chain. The flexibility of E-Loop CR products lies in the diverse sourcing options for the three primary monomers: fossil-fuel-based feedstocks, chemically recycled post-consumer waste, and bio-based feedstocks. Depending on the specific monomer blend employed, emissions reductions of up to 60% in comparison to prime-grade materials can be achieved. Mixed-Plastics Recycling

A testament to Elix Polymers’ commitment to sustainability, the company has received UL yellow cards for its E-Loop product lineup featuring certified raw materials, responding to the demands of customers within the electrical and electronics, as well as consumer goods sectors. Plastic pollution Petrochemicals

Salt Water-Degradable Plastics To Help Oceans

“Researchers at the University of Queensland are developing a groundbreaking solution to combat marine pollution: saltwater-degradable plastics. Dr. Ruirui Qiao, affiliated with UQ’s Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, is spearheading the development of an affordable, biodegradable plastic that disintegrates in seawater, aiming to mitigate the proliferation of persistent plastic waste in our oceans.

According to Dr. Qiao, our oceans are increasingly contaminated by long-lasting plastic items such as containers, bags, and microplastics, posing a significant threat to marine ecosystems and the countless seabirds and mammals that rely on them. While awareness of this issue has grown in recent years, the scale of plastic waste entering the water necessitates innovative solutions. Dr. Qiao believes that plastic degradation technologies hold promise as part of the solution. Mixed-Plastics Recycling

Collaborating with fellow researchers, including Professor Tom Davis and Professors Xuan Pang and Xuesi Chen from the Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Dr. Qiao’s team is utilizing cutting-edge 3D-printing techniques developed by her research group at AIBN and polymeric materials from the Chinese Academy of Sciences to create a range of customizable, high-value seawater-degradable plastics.

This collaborative effort has received $125,000 in funding from the Queensland-Chinese Academy of Sciences Collaborative Science Fund to expedite the project’s progress over the next two years. One of the techniques they are employing, known as ring-opening polymerization, enables precise control over the mechanical properties and form of the plastics while imbuing them with a low-toxic polyester “backbone.” As a result, these plastics can break down into a molecular state when exposed to marine environments.

The ultimate goal is to commercialize a new line of products in both Australia and China within five years, effectively replacing conventional plastics and capitalizing on a burgeoning biodegradable market projected to exceed $9.5 billion by that time. Dr. Qiao emphasizes that seawater-degradable polymer plastics will play a vital role in reducing plastic debris in the world’s oceans, enhancing the well-being of ecosystems and the quality of life for communities globally. Mixed-Plastics Recycling

In addition to their innovative work, the research team is fostering collaboration between research groups in Queensland and China to further advance their expertise in polymer science and additive manufacturing.”

Salt Water-Degradable Plastics To Help Oceans

UN Environment Chief Warns Recycling Alone Isn’t Sufficient

Over the past two decades, annual plastic production has surged, exceeding 460 million tons. With the global plastic production spiraling upward and causing escalating pollution, the UN’s environment chief has issued a stark warning that merely relying on recycling won’t extricate humanity from this crisis. Instead, she calls for a comprehensive reevaluation of our plastic consumption habits.

In an interview conducted on September 21st, during the General Assembly in New York, Inger Andersen, Director of the UN Environment Program, emphasized that the prevailing status quo is no longer a viable option. She pointed out that there are various approaches to find solutions to this predicament, but the urgency for change is evident to all.

Andersen’s remarks come on the heels of the publication of the initial draft of an impending international treaty on plastic pollution, set to be finalized by the conclusion of 2024. This treaty represents the diverse aspirations of 175 participating nations, notably highlighting the divergence between those advocating for reduced polymer production and those championing reuse and recycling. Mixed-Plastics Recycling

Initially, Andersen stressed the objective of eliminating as many single-use plastics as possible, targeting items that are evidently unnecessary, such as products wrapped in plastic that serve little purpose, or even those encased in natural packaging, like oranges or bananas. Subsequently, she highlighted the need to reconsider the very nature of products themselves. Questions about the necessity of products being in liquid form, and the potential for them to be reformulated as powders, compressed forms, or concentrates, must be seriously entertained. Andersen noted her personal habit of going straight to the soap aisle in supermarkets to check for solid alternatives.

UN Environment Chief Warns Recycling Alone Isn't Sufficient

Chemical recycling innovation – BASF Secures Long-Term Access to Bio-Based 1,4-Butanediol (BDO) through QIRA 23-09-2023

Mixed-Plastics Recycling