Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles 11-11-2022
Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles
Crude Oil Prices Trend
-Braskem has postponed the expansion of ethylene production to 2023
Braskem has pushed back the completion date of its project to expand biologically based ethylene production to February 2023, the Brazilian polyolefin maker said Tuesday.
The project is 67% complete. Braskem had previously planned to complete the project in December 2022.
The company is located in Triunfo, Rio Grande do Sul, in southern Brazil.
Braskem will add 60,000 tonnes of bio-based ethylene per year at the Triunfo plant, bringing its total capacity to 260,000 tonnes per year. The investment is estimated at USD87 million.Braskem
produces ethylene on a biological basis by dehydrating ethanol. It processes ethylene on a biological basis, like other olefins, and sells the resulting polyethylene (PE) under its trademark I’m Green.
Earlierit was reported that the joint venture of Braskem and Sojitz plans in 2026 to launch a plant for the production of monoethylene glycol (MEG) based on biological raw materials. It will be one of three plants that these companies can build in Europe, Asia, the United States or Brazil. Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles
According to theScanPlast review, according to the results of seven months of 2022, the estimated consumption of polyethylene (excluding exports to Belarus and Kazakhstan) in Russia amounted to 1,520.05 thousand tons, which is 13% more than in the same period a year earlier. The supply of all types of ethylene polymers has increased.
Braskem is a Brazilian petrochemical company headquartered in São Paulo. The company is the largest petrochemical company in South America and the fifth largest in the world in terms of output.
-Asahi Kasei starts construction of alkaline electrolysis pilot plant for hydrogen production
Asahi Kasei (Tokyo) has started the construction of an alkaline water electrolysis pilot test plant for hydrogen production at its Kawasaki Works. Construction and operation of the plant is supported by the “Green Innovation Fund1” of Japan’s New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO).
Asahi Kasei installed a large 10 MW-scale alkaline water electrolysis system at the Fukushima Hydrogen Energy Research Field (FH2R) as part of a NEDO project,2 and performed several trial operations since 2020. Based on the technological achievements obtained at FH2R, Asahi Kasei plans to commercialize a larger-scale alkaline water electrolysis system comprising multiple 10 MW modules4 by 2025.
Asahi Kasei’s pilot plant comprises several electrolyzer modules to perform various trial operations regarding responsiveness to power fluctuation, long-term durability, etc. Asahi Kasei expects that this will greatly accelerate the development of its water electrolysis technology. Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles
As the system comprises multiple modules, the behavior of equipment under various conditions can be replicated, such as the case where one module malfunctions during operation, or the case of low output operation at night. This facilitates verification and improvement of apparatus design, operation methods, and control technology.
As renewable energy sources such as solar and wind provide unstable power output, water electrolysis equipment needs to be highly responsive to fluctuations. As the equipment is designed to simulate such fluctuations, it enables verification of compatibility with renewable energy and coordination with the power system.
-The car market in Russia decreased in October by 63%
In October, sales of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles (LCV) in Russia fell by 62.8%, to 45.2 thousand units,Kommersant reports.
Moreover, the market was smaller than in September, when sales amounted to 46.7 thousand units, and the rate of reduction by last year was slightly lower – by 59.6%.
For ten months, sales decreased by 60.8%, to 502.5 thousand units. The data does not include reports from BMW, Mercedes-Benz, as well as Chery and its Exeed brand – they report only quarterly.
In addition, in October, the entire top 10 of the market was in the red, including its leader Lada, whose sales grew by 20% a month earlier. In October, the sales of AvtoVAZ decreased by a quarter, to 19 thousand units. Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles
The bestseller among foreign cars was the Chinese Haval with a result of 4.4 thousand cars sold, which is 8% less than a year earlier.
At the same time, Korean Kia and Hyundai, which traditionally led in this list, due to undersupply and suspension of production in the Russian Federation, showed significantly worse dynamics. So, sales of Kia fell by 79%, to 3.3 thousand units, Hyundai – by 86%, to 1.8 thousand units. Gaz was fixed on the third line of the brand rating (a drop of 33%, to 3.9 thousand cars), and another Russian brand, UAZ, reduced sales by 16%, to 3.1 thousand cars. Selling stocks and leaving the market Nissan (1.2 thousand units) and Renault (1.1 thousand) reduced sales by 77% and 88%, respectively. The top 10 is closed by Skoda, whose sales fell by 85%, to 812 cars. Other popular brands in past years sold less than 500 cars each last month, and Mitsubishi and only 70 cars (a drop of 98%).
The most popular model, as in recent months, remains Lada Granta – the only budget offer in the car market of the Russian Federation. Its sales are also supported by the program of preferential car loans.
Earlierit was reported that by the end of the year the automobile plant “Moskvich” plans to resume the assembly of cars.
For the development of production in Pechatniki, a new transport and logistics center “Yuzhny Port” will be created.
-Plastics with a positive perspective
Positive Plastics may sound like a contradiction in terms today, but it’s the name of an initiative launched last year by three materials experts who are seeking to provide designers and engineers with reliable, trusted information about alternatives to fossil-based plastics.
Positive Plastics was at K 2022 in Düsseldorf with a newly updated sample kit, which could be seen — and touched — at the booths of various participating manufacturers.
The three members of the Positive Plastics team — Efrat Friedland, Erik Moth-Müller and Markus Paloheimo, all consultants and educators in the materials and polymers field — were ‘extremely overwhelmed’ by the response to their first sample kit, launched at last year’s Fakuma. Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles
“In fact, what we very often hear is that this is the right kit at the right time,” said Friedland. For designers, it is very difficult to get the information they need about alternatives to fossil-based polymers, she explained.
“Not only do they lack the time to research such materials, but they also very often lack the connections to the manufacturers, and they have to navigate between a lot of greenwashing. Positive Plastics caters for those who are looking for a valid, commercially available, injection moldable polymer with a reduced environmental footprint,” she said.
The sample kit developed by Positive Plastics consists of a number of square-shaped samples with 13-14 different mechanical properties, such as an internal hinge, corners, stress points, different wall thicknesses and different surface treatments. The focus is on injection moldable plastic materials with a reduced environmental footprint: PCR, PIR, bio-based, biocomposite and mass-balanced plastics from various manufacturers. Each sample shows how the material in question behaves under different conditions, its properties and potential applications — essential information for designers tasked with selecting the material for a particular product.
Designers, however, are not the only ones who have benefited. Materials producers have, in the past, also found it very difficult to reach designers. By participating in the Positive Plastics platform, they gain a direct line of communications with the designers working in the industry.
“They have understood that, today, they must offer alternative solutions to designers,” said Friedland. “And once they have such materials, Positive Plastics is a fantastic platform to be part of.”
Filling a need
The first sample kit compiled by the Positive Plastics team has clearly filled a need, said Friedland.
“Without going into details — due to confidentiality constraints — we can safely say that already the first few projects and pilot projects have got underway,” she noted. Positive Plastics is already working with a number of global brands — collaborations that can clearly be traced back to use of the kit. Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles
“We also are very happy to see the kit being continuously sold online, without any publicity from our side. It is a great compliment to realize the kit is used by global design agencies, architecture firms and design departments at brands,” she said.
It has now been included in most of the materials libraries around the world and the leading design academies — an impressive accomplishment given the vast number of kits already out there. The material consultants at Positive Plastics developed the kit with the purpose of sharing their knowledge of responsible and alternative materials to promote a more informed material selection process among designers. “The kit has achieved this purpose,” Friedland said.
However, they have no intention of stopping there. Since the first sample kit was launched in October 2021, the three partners have focused on curating a second kit, as well as on talking with designers and engineers about their experiences with the first and how it could be improved.
“We found that the variety of materials — PCR [post-consumer], PIR [post-industrial], mass-balanced, bio-based and biocomposite — was highly appreciated, as well as the fact that different suppliers were represented. The kit contained materials produced by global, established manufacturers as well as ones produced by new and innovative manufacturers who debuted their material in the kit,” Friedland said.
Neither the format nor the criteria used for curating the materials changed for the second kit, although it does consist of far more exotic materials, she added. “And this second kit, like the first, had the more established companies with more conservative solutions — mass-balanced or high PCR content — as well as new players in the plastic field. You can find a carbon-sequestered polymer, an oyster-based polymer, a beer-polymer, the first-ever Tetra Pak recyclate and more … all injection moldable and commercially available. We were really excited to see the results.”
For Positive Plastics, K 2022 offered the opportunity of a soft launch for the newest sample kit. Instead of a stand of its own, the Positive Plastics team opted to exhibit Kit No. 2 at the booths of the various manufacturers whose materials are part of the new kit.
The kit could be found at the Akro-Plastic, Covestro, Furukawa, Mocom, Solvay and UBQ booths. The official launch of Positive Plastics Kit No. 2 was held at the Greener Manufacturing Show, Nov. 9-10 in Cologne, Germany, Friedland said. She added that, having launched two kits in one year, they learned a lot. For the future, they have decided to offer a few additional services. Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles
“We are planning to launch the next kit — No. 3 — at the end of 2023 and maybe have additional industry focuses in the future: Positive Plastics for the automotive industry, Positive Plastics for consumer electronics, for example. The additional services we would offer for manufacturers include sample production and testing,” she said.
The sample developed by Positive Plastics co-founder Paloheimo and the possibilities its design offers for the visualization of the materials’ properties are highly appreciated by both designers and manufacturers. Manufacturers are welcome to have their materials produced in the Positive Plastics mold, even if the material is not part of the Positive Plastics collection, Friedland said.
-KazMunayGas launched PP production in Atyrau
Kazakhstan’s largest oil and gas company, KazMunayGas, has launched polypropylene (PP) production in Atyrau in western Kazakhstan, the company said in a statement.
So, on November 8, during a working visit to the Atyrau region, the Head of State Kassym-Jomart Tokayev launched the production of polypropylene.
The capacity of the Kazakhstan Petrochemical Industries (KPI) plant is 500 thousand tons of polypropylene per year. This is the first project of JSC “NC “KazMunayGas” in the field of deep processing of hydrocarbon raw materials.
Today, the demand of Kazakhstani producers in polypropylene is about 50 thousand tons per year.
The general contractorwasChina National Chemical Engineering Co. The licensor of technology is the American company LUMMUS Technology. The total cost of the project amounted to USD2.6 billion.77
% of the equipment was supplied from Europe, the USA, South Korea and Japan. These are world leaders in various industries – Siemens, SGS, MAN, Mitsubishi, ABB, Zeeco and others. Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles
The warehouse of finished products can simultaneously store 24, 64 thousand tons of products. At the initial stage, the plant will produce 11 of the most popular brands of polypropylene. At the same time, the technology used allows to produce up to 64 brands.
According tothe ICIS-MRC Price Review, negotiations on sales of Kazakh polypropylene both for supplies to the domestic market and for export were actively launched last week. Internal prices of polypropylene have been reduced.
KazMunayGas is Kazakhstan’s national operator for the exploration, production, processing and transportation of hydrocarbons, representing the interests of the state in the oil and gas industry. 90.42% of the company’s shares belong to the state fund “Samruk-Kazyna”, 9.58% – to the National Bank of Kazakhstan.
-Polymer Composite Enables 50% Weight Reduction with No Loss in Strength, Durability
The polyethylene formulation infused with a proprietary, carbon-based material called Lyten 3D Graphene is engineered for rotational molding applications.
A polyethylene formulation infused with a proprietary, carbon-based material significantly reduces weight while maintaining product strength and durability.
The LytR polymer composite developed by Lyten incorporates Lyten 3D Graphene, a proprietary, tunable advanced materials platform. The co-polymer is engineered for exceptional stiffness, mold release, and impact strength, said Lyten. “It is designed for rotational molding applications that require increased stiffness and low-temperature toughness with a broad processing window,” added the company.
It was just announced that the material is being used by protective case maker Pelican Products to manufacture a new generation of transport cases, including cases intended for the US military, that are 50% lighter than standard cases yet maintain the same strength and durability. Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles
“LytR is purposely architected as a drop-in polymer replacement for the rotomold industry to unlock weight reduction without compromising strength,” said Bryce Anzelmo, PhD, Director of Product Management at Lyten. “Helping our customers manufacture products utilizing up to 50% less polyethylene could help reduce the carbon footprint in the $100 billion polyethylene market.”
A startup founded in 2015, Lyten is based in San Jose, CA. The Lyten 3D Graphene platform is its core innovation. Forthcoming commercial applications include the next-generation LytCell line of lithium-sulfur batteries for electric vehicles; a sensor array that has the potential to increase detection sensitivity for use in industrial, health, and safety applications; and the aforementioned LytR polymer composite. The company holds more than 290 patents issued or pending.
-Hydrogen, De Nora increases profit by 69% to 63.9 million
De Nora, which closed the first nine months of 2022 with a net profit of 63.9 million, an increase of 69% compared to the same period last year, even if discounting non-recurring items of € 19.4 million relating to the management incentive plan and € 3.5 million of ipo costs. The hydrogen group, which includes Snam and the Garrone (Erg) family among its shareholders, recorded an increase in all balance sheet items, with revenues up 51% to 616.6 million (from 406.1 million in the ‘previous year) due to both the increase in volumes and (for some business lines) the increase in prices applied to customers connected with the increase in the purchase prices of raw materials and in particular of some noble metals. Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles
De Nora increases margins and the backlog exceeds 640 million
Adjusted EBITDA reached 145.9 million (+ 79.3% compared to the first nine months of 2021), with a margin of 23.7%, followed by the 97.3 million EBIT and increased by 68.9% . After taxes for the period of 33.4 million (compared to 17.4 million in the first nine months of 2021), net profit therefore reached 63.9 million. The backlog also rises, reaching the record level in the history of the company of 646.4 million, up by 18.2% compared to the value of 31 December 2021.
2022 guidance on EBITDA confirmed. Revenue estimates are more cautious
The board confirmed the 2022 guidance with adjusted EBITDA in the area of 185-195 million euros. The situation was different for revenues, the target of which was set near the lower part of the 880-910 million range.
CEO Dellachà: growth in all segments and geographic areas
“The results of the first nine months of 2022 consolidate the strong growth in all corporate business segments and in all the geographical areas in which the group operates with consolidated revenues up 52%”, underlined the CEO, Paolo Dellachà, recalling as “at the same time we maintain a high level of profitability with an ebitda margin of almost 24% thanks to the continuous cost control and the management of commercial policies. These results confirm the solidity of our business model and allow us to confirm our targets for 2022 in terms of revenues and margins, despite the complex market context “.
-Coca-Cola India partners with Zepto for the collection and recycling of PET Bottles
In a first-of-its-kind initiative, leading beverages major Coca-Cola India has partnered with 10-Min grocery delivery service, Zepto, for a unique ‘return and recycle’ initiative for PET bottles. The joint initiative seeks to establish an organized process of collection of PET bottles with 100 per cent traceability, to ensure effective plastic waste management.
In a first-of-its-kind initiative, leading beverages major Coca-Cola India has partnered with 10-Min grocery delivery service, Zepto, for a unique ‘return and recycle’ initiative for PET bottles. Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles
The joint initiative seeks to establish an organized process of collection of PET bottles with 100 per cent traceability, to ensure effective plastic waste management.
The initiative is an extension of The Coca-Cola Company’s global goal of creating a World Without Waste. In line with this vision, the Company’s partnership with Zepto in India intends to create a circular economy for plastic by connecting all participants in the PET recycling value chain
. Leveraging the Zepto two-wheeler distribution network, Coca-Cola India seeks to ‘collect back’ empty PET bottles of any brand from consumers.
Commenting on the initiative, Greishma Singh, Vice President, Customer & Commercial Leadership, India & South West Asia Operating Unit, The Coca-Cola Company, said, “At Coca-Cola, we are continuously leveraging our scale and reach across markets to reduce waste pollution and achieve our sustainability goals. This innovative partnership with Zepto provides a great platform to generate awareness, influence behavior, and encourage consumers to recycle PET bottles in a super convenient way from the comfort of their homes. We hope this partnership will enhance consumers’ inclusion in the path towards a more sustainable, better, shared future.”
Consumers can access the ‘Return PET Bottles’ feature on the Zepto app, where they can opt to return up to four empty PET bottles across any brand. The bottles will then be collected by Zepto riders during delivery.
The initiative has been launched in select locations in Mumbai and will further be scaled to other markets in India soon. Zepto has been leading a similar effort for paper bag collection on its app where customers have the option to help reuse bags by returning them to the delivery partner.
Vinay Dhanani, Chief Operating Officer at Zepto, said, “Zepto users have an eco-conscious mindset where they have consistently expressed their interest and passion towards sustainability. Being a future-first brand and firm believer in protecting the health of the environment, we see an opportunity in leveraging our expertise to contribute to environment-friendly initiatives. On the back of our last-mile delivery network in Mumbai, we have been able to seamlessly integrate with this initiative that ensures effective plastic waste management. As one of India’s youngest and fastest-growing startups, Zepto is excited to be a part of a collective change with Coca-Cola India that enables and inspires customers to make an impact. As we grow, our focus will be on creating an impact to build a better future for the generations to come.” Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles
The Coca-Cola Company’s World Without Waste initiative is aimed at finding solutions to global challenges of packaging waste, and is focused on three core pillars – (i) Design all primary consumer packaging to be recyclable by 2025 & use 50% recycled material in all packaging by 2030; (ii) Collect and recycle a bottle or can for every one the company sells by 2030; (iii) Partner: Bring people together to support a healthy, debris-free environment.
Polymer-Composite – PET-Bottles