Techtextil Texprocess – Innovative and Eco-Friendly Food-Packaging Leader Inno-Pak Acquires Albany Packaging 01-12-2023

Techtextil Texprocess

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Net-zero ethylene and polyethylene for Dow in Canada

Dow, a leading chemical manufacturer, has received board approval for a substantial investment in the Path2Zero project, a groundbreaking initiative set in Fort Saskatchewan, Alberta, Canada, with an estimated cost of $6.5 billion. This strategic move aligns with Dow’s ambitious goal to achieve carbon neutrality by the year 2050. The pivotal components of this venture include the construction of a state-of-the-art ethylene cracker and a substantial increase in polyethylene capacity by 2 million metric tonnes annually.

Anticipated to yield significant returns, Dow foresees a growth of $1 billion in core profits per year at full operational capacity for the net-zero emissions facility. The company is slated to commence construction activities in 2024, with the gradual introduction of additional capacities in phases.  Techtextil Texprocess

The initial phase, scheduled to commence operations in 2027, is projected to contribute around 1,285 kilo tonnes per annum (KTA) of ethylene and polyethylene capacity. The subsequent phase, set to initiate operations in 2029, will add an extra 600 KTA of capacity.

Dow’s expansion aims to address burgeoning customer demands in lucrative markets such as packaging, infrastructure, and hygiene. Additionally, the company envisions potential benefits from the commercialization of low and zero-emissions products. In a bid to meet environmental targets, Dow has committed to reducing its net annual carbon emissions by 15% by 2030, relative to its 2020 baseline, and ultimately achieving carbon neutrality by 2050.  Techtextil Texprocess

This significant development follows Dow’s recent long-term supply agreement with New Energy Blue, a bio-conversion company, reinforcing Dow’s commitment to sustainability. The agreement focuses on sourcing plastic materials derived from corn residue, marking a pivotal stride towards integrating renewable energy sources into its production processes. As Dow celebrates its board-approved investment, the company solidifies its dedication to pioneering eco-friendly practices and fostering sustainable growth in the chemical manufacturing industry.

Techtextil Texprocess

New packaging waste regulation draft could prove controversial

The latest draft of the Packaging and Packaging Waste Regulation (PPWR) – which passed its plenary vote in the EU Parliament on Wednesday 22 November – brings further sweeping changes to the proposed legislation, some of which are likely to prove controversial.  Techtextil Texprocess

The wide-ranging changes from the initial draft, many of which are in line with the European Parliament’s Committee on Environment (ENVI)’s proposed amendments from October, include:

  • A watering down of minimum recycled content and collection targets at member state and company level
  • The acceptance of bio-based material as potentially counting towards 50% recycled content targets
  • Exemptions for linings in recycled content targets and recyclability assessments, which could encourage the use of difficult-to-recycle paper and cardboard food-contact packaging
  • Exemptions from recyclability assessments for wood and wax packaging
  • Bans on the intentional addition of bisphenol A (BPA) and per-and-polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAs) in packaging
  • Labelling obligations and data provision obligations – including making information publicly available  Techtextil Texprocess
  • An extension of Extended Producer Responsibility obligations, which would include member states using fees collected to support collection infrastructure and make producers/distributors responsible for covering recycling fees
  • A push towards ‘regulated value chains’
  • Further amendments to the definition of recycling, tying the PPWR to directive 2008/98/EC, as well as the legislation’s own definition of recycling
  • Amendments to mandated Deposit Return Scheme (DRS) proposals
  • Changes to reuse and refill targets, including adding requirements that it must be reusable ‘multiple times’ to the reuse definition
  • Including online retailers into many of the PPWR obligations
  • The setting up of a ‘Packaging Forum’ made up of value chain stakeholders to vet future legislation and targets

The legislation still needs to go through the trilogue stage, where recommendations from the EU Council and other stakeholders will be debated, before it is adopted, and the final version could look quite different from the version voted on by the Plenary.

At a minimum it is likely to provoke heated discussion and lobbying from all sides of the various packaging value chains.  Techtextil Texprocess

Recycled content targets

What will most likely prove one of the most hotly-debated changes under the latest version of the PPWR is the incorporation of ENVI’s proposed amendment on the acceptance of bio-based plastics as counting towards up to 50% of mandated recycled content targets in packaging.


Techtextil Texprocess

APR joins Canada Plastics Pact

The APR will provide its industry perspective and technical expertise to support the CPP in its goals to eliminate plastic waste and create a circular plastics economy.

The Association of Plastic Recyclers (APR), Washington, has joined the Ottawa, Ontario-based Canada Plastics Pact (CPP), which aims to eliminate plastic waste and pollution by bringing together businesses, government, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and other key stakeholders in the Canadian plastics value chain. Techtextil Texprocess

The APR says the two organizations share the common goal of creating a circular plastics economy, where plastic is kept in the economy and out of people, animals and the environment. The APR will join CPP’s more than 98 partners from across the plastics value chain that are taking steps to eliminate what they deem unnecessary and problematic plastics, redesign packaging and bolster their usage of recycled plastic.

“The Canada Plastics Pact is helping to shape important discussions on the management of postconsumer plastics and convening leaders across the value chain committed to solutions,” APR President and CEO Steve Alexander says. “APR’s tools and resources are endorsed and aligned internationally.  Techtextil Texprocess

This partnership is part of larger harmonization efforts across the globe including APR’s work to align North America’s design for recyclability guidance with Europe’s RecyClass. By working together, we will help achieve an effective and robust plastics recycling system in Canada and beyond.”


Techtextil Texprocess

Ferrarelle Società Benefit relies on Sidel’s aseptic technology for its new range of functional water and teas

Ferrarelle Società Benefit partners with Sidel to install its first ever aseptic line at the Boario plant to produce its product range of Vitasnella ‘Le Linfe’ functional water and teas. With natural ingredients and a mix of flavours, the products have been designed with consumers well-being in mind, promoting a 360-degree healthy lifestyle.  Techtextil Texprocess
Ferrarelle Società Benefit, one of the largest mineral water producers in Italy well-known for its unique naturally sparkling water properties, bottles “Boario”, “Vitasnella” and “Fonte Essenziale” mineral waters at its Boario plant.
Close to the picturesque Iseo Lake, the plant sources its water from the mountains close to the factory.
This strategic location allows Boario to produce uniquely bottled mineral water with health-enhancing properties.
Ferrarelle Società Benefit chose Sidel’s Aseptic Combi Predis technology to produce its new range of functional water and teas.
Sidel supported the company in installing its aseptic technology to ensure a high-end taste experience, product integrity and a long shelf-life, utilising its Predis™ dry preform decontamination solution – a safe, hygienic, cost-effective way of packaging a variety of sensitive beverages.    Techtextil Texprocess
By installing Sidel’s Aseptic Combi Predis to produce Vitasnella ‘Le Linfe’ product range, Boario’s line is capable of handling two different formats, 0.5 litres and 1.25 litres, and achieves 18,000 bottles per hour.
This system ensures full production sterility, beverage integrity and food safety with easy operations.“‘Le Linfe’ functional waters and tea ranges are extremely important for us and we wanted to avoid any potential risks. That’s why we decided to turn to Sidel, given their extensive expertise in aseptic technology,” said Nicola Tignonsini, Operations Director at Ferrarelle.

More… Ferrarelle Società Benefit relies on Sidel’s aseptic technology for its new range of functional water and teas

Innovative and Eco-Friendly Food-Packaging Leader Inno-Pak Acquires Albany Packaging

Increases Integrated Manufacturing Capabilities, Creates an Even More Resilient Supply Chain and Expands Product Portfolio in Paper

Inno-Pak, LLC (“Inno-Pak” or the “Company”), a portfolio company of Emerald Lake Capital Management and a leading designer, manufacturer, importer and supplier of innovative, eco-friendly packaging for prepared and takeout foods, today announced that it has acquired Albany Packaging Inc. (“Albany”).  Techtextil Texprocess

“We are excited to add Albany’s facilities, products and people to Inno-Pak as we strive to bring our world-class customers the best packaging available anywhere”

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Albany specializes in the design and manufacture of custom and stock folding paperboard cartons, including bakery boxes and food packaging items such as trays and takeout boxes. Albany has a manufacturing facility in Ontario, Canada, which services customers across the food service, grocery and convenience store channels.

“We are excited to add Albany’s facilities, products and people to Inno-Pak as we strive to bring our world-class customers the best packaging available anywhere,” said Chris Sanzone, Chief Executive Officer of Inno-Pak.  Techtextil Texprocess

“This acquisition increases our North American integrated manufacturing capabilities and marks a crucial step in our manufacturing expansion plan to create an even more resilient supply chain. Albany also deepens our ongoing investments in paper capacity as we continue to innovate to make packaging more eco-friendly.”

Jon Sill, Chairman of Inno-Pak, added, “Inno-Pak stands at an important inflection point with several favorable trends in our end markets of the food service, grocery, convenience store and hospitality industries. The acquisition of Albany enhances our ability to capitalize on these positive trends with one of the most diverse custom and stock folding carton programs. With our recent portfolio additions and our continued investments in innovation, we are better positioned to serve our customers.”  Techtextil Texprocess


Innovative and Eco-Friendly Food-Packaging Leader Inno-Pak Acquires Albany Packaging

SABIC & CJ Cheiljedang collaborate on RTE rice packaging bowls made with 25% certified renewable PP

Instant white rice packaged in thermoformed food-contact polypropylene bowls with 25% renewable content offering high dimensional stability and heat resistance for microwaving

SABIC, a global leader in the chemicals industry, has announced that a food-contact grade of its TRUCIRCLE portfolio of certified renewable polypropylene (PP) resins is used in the production of Hetbahn ‘햇반’ instant white rice packaging bowls by CJ CheilJedang, a South Korea-based global food company. The rigid bowls are the first of their kind using certified renewable PP in a ready-to-eat-rice packaging in Asia Pacific and align with CJ’s strong ‘Nature to Nature’ sustainability roadmap.  Techtextil Texprocess

Mohammed Al-Zahrani, vice president of SABIC’s Polypropylene Business, comments, “Food brands around the world are increasingly looking for materials that will help them reduce their carbon footprint without compromising the performance, convenience and food safety of their packaging.

We are very pleased about this opportunity to demonstrate SABIC’s vast expertise in sustainable PP resins for rigid food containers. Our certified renewable grade from our TRUCIRCLE portfolio used in CJ’s Hetbahn rice bowls meet the food-contact regulations, and offers the same ease of processing and high end-use quality as competitive all-virgin polymers.”

The Hetbahn brand, which is one of the top brands in cooked rice and now expanding its product portfolio to include porridge, frozen rice, cooked rice with soup etc., was originally launched in 1996 and means freshly harvested and cooked rice and has changed consumers’ perception of Korean rice meal culture. The rice grain is polished in a strict raw material process, cooked the same day and packed in a sterile environment so that the delicious taste of the rice can be preserved. Techtextil Texprocess


SABIC & CJ Cheiljedang collaborate on RTE rice packaging bowls made with 25% certified renewable PP

Discover how next Techtextil and Texprocess show see the future

From 23 April to 26 April 2024, Frankfurt am Main will host the upcoming editions of Techtextil and Texprocess 2024, two trade shows focused on presenting the latest innovations, textile solutions and networking in the international textile industry hosting more than 1,600 exhibitors from about 50 countries, welcoming global buyers and decision makers from more than 90 nations.  Techtextil Texprocess

To mark the occasion, the two events will organize well-known formats such as the Techtextil Innovation Award and the Texprocess Innovation Award, as well as the Techtextil Forum and the Texprocess Forum.
Visitors to Techtextil will enjoy the Nature Performance space, the special exhibition Future Materials, and the Denim Hub. In addition, Texprocess will present an area dedicated to emerging markets
“The textile industry is going through a phase of very rapid transformation, and participants will take the advantage to stay ahead of the curve, present innovations to a global audience, and find new solutions and business partners,” explained Olaf Schmidt, vice president Textiles & Textile Technologies, Messe Frankfurt.

Techtextil will offer the opportunity to discover a vast range of products aimed at many industries, including, along with fashion, the automotive, medicine and construction sectors.  Techtextil Texprocess
During the event, companies will present the latest developments in fibers and yarns, nonwovens, composites, coated technical textiles, technologies, and more, and often for the first time in public.


Discover how next Techtextil and Texprocess show see the future

Automotive recycling – Exceptional : Hyundai develops new technology that reduces the size of its electric motors 30-11-2023

Techtextil Texprocess

Avantium PEF – Dieffenbacher highlights Fibercut system for increased productivity 29-11-2023

Avantium PEF

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Avantium to offer PEF solution for Heijn’s own-brand packaging

Avantium has embarked on a strategic partnership with Albert Heijn, a prominent Dutch supermarket chain, with the aim of facilitating a shift towards more sustainable packaging solutions for Heijn’s proprietary products. Avantium, recognized for its expertise in sustainable chemistry, is offering its innovative polyethylene furanoate (PEF) solution as a pivotal element in the creation of diverse packaging options for the retailer.

PEF, characterized by its 100% plant-based composition and circular polymer structure, stands out as a fully recyclable material.  Avantium PEF

Its remarkable barrier properties empower brands and businesses to extend the shelf life of both beverages and food items. The versatility of PEF makes it suitable for a broad spectrum of applications, including the manufacturing of bottles and various types of packaging.

At present, Avantium is in the final stages of initiating operations at its commercial PEF plant. The operationalization of this plant will mark the commencement of utilizing the PEF solution for the production of a new fruit juice bottle for Heijn. The manufacturing of this PEF-made bottle will be executed by Refresco, a global beverage solutions provider catering to diverse brands and retailers.  Avantium PEF

Avantium proudly asserts that this initiative will result in the introduction of the first PEF-made product within a supermarket chain’s own-brand product line. Tom van Aken, the CEO of Avantium, emphasized the significance of this collaboration, stating, “With Albert Heijn as a partner, Avantium can further scale up and expand the PEF value chain to meet the growing global demand for circular and renewable material solutions.”

The commercial PEF plant, situated in Delfzijl, the Netherlands, is designed to have a production capacity of five kilotons of furandicarboxylic acid. This acid serves as a fundamental building block for chemicals and plastics, including PEF. The anticipated timeline for the commencement of commercial production at the Delfzijl site is the second half of 2024.  Avantium PEF

Marit van Egmond, the CEO of Heijn, expressed the company’s commitment to sustainability, stating, “With the use of PEF, we are giving substance to our goal of making packaging more sustainable, besides reduction, recyclability, and reuse, fossil-free materials are high on our wish list.” This collaboration follows a notable offtake agreement signed in August 2022, where Brazil’s Ambev committed to purchasing Avantium’s recyclable PEF material for producing soft drink bottles.

Avantium PEF

PPWR – European Parliament discriminates plastics packaging

“Packaging neutrality objectives and similar material circularity targets will create the level playing field that Europe really needs.” stated EuPC managing director Bernard Merkx in his first reaction to the vote.  Avantium PEF

Last week, the European Parliament adopted its negotiating position on the Packaging and Packaging Waste Regulation (PPWR) proposed last year by the European Commission. Unfortunately, many amendments from the Environmental Committee initial Report that single out plastic packaging have passed the consensus of the Plenary session.

European Plastics Converters are disappointed by the unfounded tailored measures against plastics, which seem to be based predominantly on emotional motives. Some examples of such emotional motived voting are special reduction targets for certain plastic packaging, exemptions for composite packaging from the recyclate use quotas, and bans on single-use stretch films and more.

The lack of rational support to a plastics converting and recycling industry that has been working for improved sustainability, recyclability, circularity as well as on improved performances of its packaging offer is a missed opportunity.  Avantium PEF

In our perspective, topics like additional food waste as a direct consequence should have been addressed, whereas plastic packaging reuse quotas and others have not been very well assessed either. In our view the voted amendments will therefore not bring the expected environmental goals the Parliament desires.

Moreover, the lack of consideration for how to reach the ambitious recycled content targets adds perplexity to their feasibility in coming years. The proposed targets are based on the assumption of a given consistent availability of high-quality recycled raw materials, that has proven to be already lacking today. Linear waste management systems in many Member States with still open landfills and subsidized incineration have for years been blocking required additional investments in high-quality infrastructure and high-tech systems for collection, sorting and recycling.  Avantium PEF

Practical solutions such as credit-based systems and clear exemptions must be included in a final version of the PPWR to allow the plastics converting and recycling industry, mostly composed of SMEs, and their customers, to effectively comply and support the market of high-quality recycled materials to naturally grow.

Further concerns come from the ban of packaging falling in recyclability grade D or below, which may negatively affect future innovation and will have unforeseeable impacts on many, widely recycled packaging formats. The possibility for Member States to adopt more stringent national measures ultimately undermines the harmonisation spirit of the regulation and risks creating the patchwork effect that we witness today in the sustainability arena.  Avantium PEF


Avantium PEF

Paques Biomaterials and Looop are set to join forces in a groundbreaking collaboration aimed at producing Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) from residual agri-food streams

With over a decade of experience, Paques Biomaterials specializes in a technology that utilizes bacteria within organic waste to generate the biopolymer PHA. Looop, on the other hand, acts as an independent knowledge partner and supplier, providing the agri-food sector’s residual flows, commonly known as by-products. Avantium PEF

The synergy between these two entities is evident as they pool their expertise to create a natural alternative to conventional plastics. René Rozendal, co-founder of Paques Biomaterials, emphasizes the significance of this collaboration, stating, “For us, the collaboration with Looop means a reliable supply of residual flows to produce PHA.” He highlights Looop’s proficiency in valuing residual flows and the ability to combine diverse agri-food by-products, ensuring the optimal raw material for PHA production.

PHA, often hailed as the most promising biopolymer, is noteworthy for being biodegradable in both land and sea environments without the need for specific conditions or equipment. This makes PHA a crucial solution in combating plastic pollution and microplastics.

Expressing their commitment to exploring PHA production further, Looop and Paques Biomaterials are dedicated to maximizing the value of organic residual flows. Kelly Vermeer, Procurement & Development Manager at Looop, asserts, “Producing PHA provides higher valorization of various by-products, ensuring lower CO2 emissions and aligning with our mission and vision.”  Avantium PEF

Looop, specializing in reintegrating organic residual flows into the food chain, operates with a strong focus on Responsible Consumption (Goal 12) and Partnership for the Goals (Goal 17) as part of the Sustainable Development Goals. Paul Slits, a shareholder of Looop, emphasizes the importance of partnerships in their circular business model and expresses confidence in the collaboration with Paques Biomaterials, describing it as a partnership that simply “feels good.”

Paques Biomaterials has an array of collaborations underway, including partnerships with Dutch organizations dealing with industrial wastewater, a consortium with various water boards for municipal wastewater, and an international collaboration with a multinational entity in South Korea.  Avantium PEF

The coming months will witness the tangible realization of the collaboration between Looop and Paques Biomaterials, spanning both business and technology development in their shared pursuit of a harmonious world in balance with nature.

Avantium PEF

China faces yet another economic setback as the shadow banking sector takes a hit with the collapse of Zhongzhi Enterprise Group (ZEG)

Following the crises of Evergrande and Country Garden, ZEG, one of the country’s major shadow banks and a significant asset manager, has declared liabilities of up to $64 billion, intensifying concerns that the real estate debt crisis is extending its grip into the financial domain. Avantium PEF

In a letter of apology to investors, ZEG, which holds substantial exposure to the Chinese real estate market, disclosed total liabilities ranging from 420 billion yuan ($58 billion) to 460 billion yuan ($64 billion). The company’s asset management arm, at its zenith, reportedly managed $139 billion. Authorities in China initiated an investigation into “suspected illegal crimes” against the company shortly after its admission of insolvency. “Criminal coercive measures” have been taken against numerous suspects, although the identities and roles of these individuals within the company remain unclear. The founder, Xie Zhikun, passed away in 2021 due to a heart attack. Tensions surrounding Zhongzhi first surfaced in July when a major subsidiary trust company, Zhongrong International Trust Co, failed to meet payments on numerous investment products, exposing the high default risks associated with the underlying real estate assets of the Zhongrong Trust Fund.  Avantium PEF

The escalating issues at Zhongzhi, a key player in China’s $3 trillion shadow banking sector, have rekindled concerns about contagion risks. China’s heavily indebted real estate sector, grappling with a liquidity crisis since 2020, has witnessed developer defaults since late 2021, with Evergrande being among the initial giants to succumb.

Andrew Collier, a shadow banking expert at Orient Capital Research, notes the historical pursuit of a real estate bubble in China, driven by capital influx. As the real estate sector experiences a downturn amid economic slowdown, Collier suggests that ZEG’s problems might only mark the onset of a more extensive issue, potentially spreading to other forms of shadow banking and even traditional banks in the country. Avantium PEF

The unfolding situation raises apprehensions about the broader stability of China’s financial landscape.

China faces yet another economic setback as the shadow banking sector takes a hit with the collapse of Zhongzhi Enterprise Group (ZEG)

Dieffenbacher highlights Fibercut system for increased productivity

Dieffenbacher’s fully automated cutting and stacking system enables automated SMC processing applications.

Automotive suppliers and others who manufacture composite parts can increase production as much as 7% with Dieffenbacher’s (Eppingen, Germany) fully automated Fibercut cutting and stacking system featuring a quick-change unit. The Fibercut system enables automated processing of sheet molding compound (SMC) materials. While many SMC applications use error-prone and time-consuming manual processes, Dieffenbacher’s fully automated Fibercut SMC cutting and stacking system provides increased productivity and plant efficiency.  Avantium PEF

Fibercut consists of a cutting unit with a cutting belt, a stacking table and a quick-change unit for SMC on coil or in festoons to further increase productivity. The cutting unit communicates with the stacking gantry or robot and is able to implement complex laying patterns automatically.

“Different cutting patterns can be realized at the same time with maximum flexibility,” says Marco Hahn, director sales of the forming business unit at Dieffenbacher. “Using an active compensation cut, deviations in the weight of the material stack will be actively corrected. This ensures compliance with weight tolerances and maximum reproducibility even with the geometric complexity of the SMC layer structure.”  Avantium PEF

The quick-change unit increases the system’s availability by enabling a complete SMC coil or festoon changeover within a few minutes. Including gripper change stations, the production line can be rapidly switched over to another component. Additionally, the Fibercut monitors when the SMC material nears its end and notifies the operator. The operator can prepare to change the material without an unplanned stop of the machine. The quick-change unit is equipped with an automated foil removal system to reduce the “on-air time” of the SMC to preserve the styrene for optimal part quality.

Because the material can be prepared offline and the material change process runs fully automatically, the quick-change unit can save 10-15 minutes per change.

Assuming annual production of 80,000 pieces, SMC consumption of 2 million lbs per year and 600 related coil changes, output can be increased by 3,000-4,500 parts or 3-5% per year.  Avantium PEF

Dieffenbacher highlights Fibercut system for increased productivity

AkzoNobel Invests in a New Manufacturing Facility to Produce Bisphenol-Free Coatings

AkzoNobel is investing €32 million in a new plant at Vilafranca del Penedès in Spain to manufacture bisphenol-free coatings for the metal packaging industry in Europe, Middle East and Africa.

The Minister of Employment in Catalonia, Roger Torrent attends the breaking ground ceremony for AkzoNobel’s new production centre for bisphenol-free coatings, which will support stringent bisphenol regulations in force in Europe.  Avantium PEF

This content was written and submitted by the supplier. It has only been modified to comply with this publication’s space and style.

The new facility, which is expected to be operational by mid-2025, will create around 40 new jobs and has been designed according to the best possible eco-efficiency standards.

Jim Kavanagh, Director of AkzoNobel’s Industrial Coatings business, says the new facility will help the company respond to a strong need from the packaging industry. “The Vilafranca plant will allow us to offer leading-edge products to any customer and country in EMEA, responding to the most stringent bisphenol regulations in force in Europe. The investment is in line with our view that bisphenols of any kind are no longer required to create safe coatings.”  Avantium PEF

The announcement follows the recent launch of next generation coatings technology including the first two products in its new Accelstyle range. This further illustrates the company’s commitment to giving customers the tangible support they need to transition to a new future: “Both new products – Accelstyle 100 and 200 – can be seamlessly introduced into existing production processes, allowing can makers to transition to coatings that are free from materials of concern, while remaining as commercially viable as possible,” Kavanagh continues.

AkzoNobel Invests in a New Manufacturing Facility to Produce Bisphenol-Free Coatings

EPA studies costs of recycling programs, awards grants

The U.S. EPA is sponsoring a study of the costs and benefits of municipal recycling programs, and at the same time the agency is directing more funding toward the sector. 

“Despite numerous reported benefits of recycling, many areas lack a dedicated program for various reasons, including economic challenges, and many materials that could be recycled are not,” a press release from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine noted.  Avantium PEF

“Recognizing a need to better understand the costs and benefits of administering MSW recycling programs,” the release continued, “Congress called on the National Academies to conduct a study on the programmatic and economic costs of these programs and to produce recommendations to facilitate their effective implementation.”

Accordingly, a committee will review current cost information of recycling programs in municipal, county, state and tribal governments, then provide several options, including policy approaches, to help facilitate effective implementation of more and better programs.

The analysis will include environmental justice considerations such as different population sizes and demographics, different geographical locations, different economies, the type of recycling program and its capabilities, infrastructure needs, end market opportunities and various mandates such as single-stream vs. dual-stream or curbside food and yard material pickup services.  Avantium PEF

In-scope materials are paper, metals, glass, PET and HDPE, food scraps and yard material that are “converted into raw materials and used in the production of new products.” Textiles, e-scrap, construction and demolition debris, household hazardous waste, auto bodies, municipal sludge, combustion ash and industrial process wastes are specifically out of scope for the study, the press release noted.

Grant awards

In addition, the EPA recently announced its plans to reclassify solar panels as universal waste instead of hazardous waste and to create a universal waste category specifically for lithium-ion batteries in order to streamline and increase recycling of the materials.


EPA studies costs of recycling programs, awards grants

Sand Battery – The Role of Chemical Engineering in Waste Management Strategies 28-11-2023

Avantium PEF

Sand Battery – The Role of Chemical Engineering in Waste Management Strategies 28-11-2023

Sand Battery

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Toray Obtains ISCC Certification for European Carbon-Fiber Plants

Article-Toray Obtains ISCC Certification for European Carbon-Fiber Plants

Toray Industries’ French subsidiary, Toray Carbon Fibers Europe S.A., has obtained ISCC Plus certification for its Lacq and Abidos production plants in southwest France. This certification allows Toray Carbon Fibers Europe to allocate and use biomass or recycled materials through the mass balance approach to produce and supply carbon fiber. Thus, Toray Carbon Fibers Europe now has the ability to reduce the life cycle inventory (LCI) of its carbon fiber, prepreg, and other offerings and help its customers to enhance product life cycle assessments (LCAs) while contributing to building a circular economy.  Sand Battery

The International Sustainability & Carbon Certification’s (ISCC) voluntary certification program guarantees that the raw materials used are sourced from biomass or recycled materials. It also ensures full traceability at all stages of a product’s manufacturing process. The mass balance approach tracks the amount and sustainability characteristics of circular and bio-based materials used in the value chain based on verifiable records. This scheme is open to several sectors such as the food, feed, chemicals, plastics,

Toray Carbon Fibers Europe will start manufacturing carbon fiber derived from biomass and recycled raw materials by the end of 2023. In addition, Toray’s Ehime Plant in Japan aims to obtain ISCC Plus certification by March 2024 and begin producing fiber by the close of that year. Sand Battery

In the United States, the carbon-fiber facility of Toray Composite Materials America Inc. in Decatur, AL, also plans to obtain this certification in 2024. With these three locations, the Toray Group intends to manufacture carbon fiber using biomass or recycled raw materials at plants in Japan, the United States, and Europe, ensuring a stable supply to customers around the globe.

Toray has already received requests from customers similarly committed to carbon neutrality. From the end of 2023, Toray will offer this carbon fiber for industrial applications such as automobiles and handheld devices, where demand for materials to create sustainable products is particularly high. At a later date, other applications, such as aviation and sports, will also be targeted. Sand Battery

Toray aims to build a new materials ecosystem that harnesses natural raw materials and returns them to nature in an eco-friendly state. For carbon fiber, the ecosystem will be built using biomass and recycled raw materials to manufacture carbon fiber. This fiber will be made into a composite material and, finally, an end product.

Sand Battery

Sun and sand to decarbonize: Magaldi Stem technology

Magaldi Group’s STEM-CST (Solar Thermo Electric Magaldi) technology emerges as a groundbreaking solution in the quest to diminish reliance on fossil fuels and transition towards sustainable energy sources. With heat production constituting nearly half of energy-related emissions and over 50% of global energy consumption, the need for innovative alternatives is paramount. Industrial applications, responsible for 40% of total heat demand, predominantly lean on fossil fuels, contributing to approximately 70% of this demand.  Sand Battery

Addressing the imperative for industrial decarbonization, Magaldi’s STEM-CST integrates advanced solar radiation conversion systems with energy storage solutions, ensuring a continuous energy supply even in the absence of sunlight.

This technology serves as a reliable, environmentally compliant alternative for clean energy generation, particularly tailored to the stringent requirements of energy-intensive industries such as paper, food & beverage, chemical, and plastic. Unlike conventional technologies, Magaldi’s system consolidates the solar receiver, heat exchanger, and thermal storage within a single device, optimizing efficiency and ease of integration.

The mechanism employs a field of primary mirrors (heliostats) and a secondary reflector (beam-down) positioned above a solar receiver on the ground, acting as a thermal storage battery. The mirror field captures solar energy, directing it through the secondary mirror into the solar receiver—comprising a fluidized bed of sand particles for thermal accumulation.  Sand Battery

This sand bed exhibits exceptional energy absorption capabilities, achieving uniform heating up to 600°C and releasing steam at variable temperature and pressure levels (250-500°C and 10-40 bar) through embedded exchangers. This steam proves highly versatile in diverse industrial processes, enabling energy-intensive sectors to transition away from fossil fuels, aligning with “Net-Zero” objectives.

Magaldi’s innovation distinguishes itself by employing solid granular particles, specifically sand, for thermal accumulation instead of molten salts commonly used in concentrated solar technologies. This decision offers economic advantages, as sand is readily available and avoids issues related to freezing associated with molten salts. Moreover, the higher temperature tolerance of sand, with a melting point exceeding 1200°C, enhances its applicability in the industrial sector.  Sand Battery

The first experimental module of the STEM®-CST system, initiated in June 2016 at A2A Energie Future’s integrated energy hub in Sicily, marked a significant milestone. Recent results from experimental tests, unveiled at “SolarPaces 2023” in Sydney, Australia, showcase the technology’s potential to revolutionize the concentrated solar energy sector, paving the way for a cleaner, sustainable future.

Sand Battery

BST India’s focus on consistent quality in flexible packaging 

BST India at Food Packaging and Innovations India Summit 2023

BST India, a leading manufacturer of quality assurance systems for printing, flexible packaging, and the web-based processing industry, showcased its potential in changing the future of food packaging at the recently concluded Food Packaging and Innovations India Summit 2023 in Mumbai. BST India supported the summit as a gold partner for the event.  Hydrogen vehicles

A presentation by Khushal Patel, director of sales and marketing, on ‘BST’s role in delivering consistent quality in flexible packaging’, delved into the company’s role in ensuring a standard of quality paramount in the flexible packaging industry.

The presentation explored how BST, integrated into the manufacturing process, can streamline operations, and enhance the overall quality of flexible packaging. It emphasized the importance of consistency in meeting industry standards, addressing challenges, and ultimately providing customers with products that surpass expectations.

“Our Gold Partnership and presentation at the Food Packaging & Innovations India Summit 2023 reflect our ongoing commitment to staying at the forefront of advancements in food packaging technology. By sharing our insights and experiences, we aim to contribute not only to our industry’s growth but also to the success of our valued partners and clients,” Patel said.  Hydrogen vehicles

The two-day summit from 1 November in Mumbai saw the active participation of companies such as Emami, Wagh Bakari Tea, Marico, Britannia, and many more. Their presence added depth to the discussions, fostering an environment of collaboration and knowledge exchange.

The multi-channel B2B in print and digital 17-year-old platform matches the industry’s growth trajectory. The Indian, South Asian, Southeast Asian, and Middle East packaging industries are looking beyond the resilience of the past three years. They are resuming capacity expansion and diversification, with high technology and automation in new plants and projects.  Hydrogen vehicles

As we present our 2024 publishing plan, India’s real GDP growth for the financial year ending 31 March 2024 will exceed 6%. The packaging industry growth will match the GDP growth in volume terms and surpass it by at least 3% in terms of nominal growth allowing for price inflation in energy, raw materials, consumables, and capital equipment.


Sand Battery

BASF, in collaboration with Siemens Energy, has secured approval for a groundbreaking project, marking a significant stride toward sustainable energy production

The German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action, along with the State of Rhineland-Palatinate, has granted funding of up to €124.3 million for the construction of a cutting-edge proton exchange membrane (PEM) electrolyzer at the Ludwigshafen site, known as the Hy4Chem-EI project.  Sand Battery

This proton exchange membrane electrolyzer, boasting a substantial 54-megawatt output and an annual capacity of up to 8,000 metric tons of hydrogen, is slated to be one of Germany’s largest when operational. The PEM electrolyzer, powered exclusively by renewable energy sources, is expected to produce CO2-free hydrogen, leading to an annual reduction of up to 72,000 metric tons of greenhouse gas emissions at the site.

The collaboration between BASF and Siemens Energy aims to commence operations at the water electrolysis plant in 2025. The German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection, in conjunction with the State of Rhineland-Palatinate, is contributing €124.3 million to the project, with €37.3 million from the regional government.

The hydrogen produced will serve as a crucial raw material for BASF’s manufacturing processes, aligning with the company’s commitment to reducing its carbon footprint. Moreover, BASF plans to supply hydrogen for mobility in the Rhine-Neckar Metropolitan Region, contributing to the establishment of a hydrogen economy in the area.

Dr. Melanie Maas-Brunner, a member of the Board of Executive Directors of BASF SE and Site Director Ludwigshafen, expressed enthusiasm about the project’s potential impact on the chemical industry. She emphasized the dual role of hydrogen as both a raw material and an energy vector, highlighting the importance of political and business collaboration in driving the energy transition.  Sand Battery

Dr. Franziska Brantner, Parliamentary State Secretary at the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action, commended the project as a pioneering effort in decarbonizing the chemical industry, setting an example for achieving climate targets. Malu Dreyer, Minister-President of Rhineland-Palatinate, underscored the project’s significance in advancing the hydrogen economy in the region, Europe, and beyond.

BASF’s commitment to various hydrogen production technologies, including water electrolysis and methane pyrolysis, aligns with its overarching goal of achieving net-zero CO2 emissions by 2050. The Ludwigshafen site serves as a crucial testing ground for innovative technologies aimed at replacing fossil fuels and embracing renewable energy sources, reinforcing BASF’s position as a pioneer in the chemical industry’s energy transformation.  Sand Battery

BASF, in collaboration with Siemens Energy, has secured approval for a groundbreaking project, marking a significant stride toward sustainable energy production

The Importance of Adopting Sustainable Solutions in the Recycling of Electric Vehicle Batteries

As societies worldwide strive to adopt more sustainable approaches, the mobility industry has witnessed significant changes in recent years. Electric vehicles (EVs) have emerged as a promising solution to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution. However, the emergence of batteries has posed new environmental challenges, especially regarding their recycling and disposal.  Sand Battery

The Environmental Impacts of EV Battery Disposal
Improper disposal of EV batteries in landfills can have severe environmental consequences. These batteries contain hazardous substances such as lithium, cobalt, and nickel, which can poison the land and groundwater, as well as harm plant and animal life. To mitigate these risks, strict regulations are needed to ensure safe recycling and ethical disposal of EV batteries, thus protecting the environment and ensuring a sustainable future for electric mobility.

Resource Depletion and Sustainable Alternatives
The increasing demand for batteries for electric vehicles has raised concerns about resource depletion. The extraction of materials such as lithium, cobalt, and nickel can deplete natural resources and disrupt ecosystems through deforestation, habitat loss, and pollution.  Sand Battery

To address this problem, alternative solutions such as recycling and the development of eco-friendly battery chemistries must be explored. These approaches will not only reduce environmental impact but also ensure a responsible and environmentally respectful method of obtaining raw materials for EV batteries.

Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Circular Economy
While electric vehicles help reduce greenhouse gas emissions during their use, the extraction of raw materials and improper battery disposal can lead to an increase in emissions. To truly benefit the environment, it is crucial to adopt sustainable battery recycling processes, invest in low-carbon technologies, and advocate for a circular economy that maximizes resource efficiency.  Sand Battery

These initiatives will minimize the carbon footprint associated with the manufacturing and disposal of electric vehicle batteries.

Sustainable Solutions for EV Battery Recycling
Reusing EV batteries in second-life applications is a sustainable way to reduce the negative effects of their disposal. Many batteries still have usable capacity even after being used in vehicles, which can be incorporated into energy storage systems. This approach prolongs their lifespan and reduces the demand for new battery production, thus minimizing waste and increasing overall sustainability.

Additionally, designing electric vehicle batteries with recycling in mind is crucial. Standardizing battery chemistries and improving dismantling processes can streamline recycling, making it more economically viable and environmentally friendly. Simplifying component separation allows for efficient recovery of essential elements such as lithium, cobalt, and nickel, reducing waste and minimizing the environmental impact of raw material extraction.  Sand Battery


The Importance of Adopting Sustainable Solutions in the Recycling of Electric Vehicle Batteries

The Role of Chemical Engineering in Waste Management Strategies

As the world population continues to grow and consumerism intensifies, the issue of waste management has become a significant global challenge. Traditional waste management methods, such as landfilling and incineration, are detrimental to the environment and fail to extract any value from discarded materials.  Sand Battery

Transforming Waste into Valuable Resources: Chemical Engineering Solutions

Chemical engineering, however, offers innovative solutions to transform waste into valuable resources. This article explores the various ways chemical engineering is revolutionizing waste management and creating a sustainable future.

1. Waste-to-Energy: Generating Clean Power

The concept of waste-to-energy involves converting waste materials into heat or electricity. Chemical engineers lead the way in developing advanced technologies to harness energy from waste, reducing our dependence on fossil fuels. Some key solutions include:

  • Pyrolysis: This thermochemical process uses high temperatures and controlled conditions to convert plastic and rubber waste into valuable fuel oil and gas. With this technology, waste materials that were previously discarded can now be used to generate electricity and heat.  Sand Battery
  • Anaerobic Digestion: By breaking down organic waste in the absence of oxygen, anaerobic digestion produces biogas, a combustible gas rich in methane. This renewable energy source can be used to generate electricity, heat, and even fuel for vehicles.


The Role of Chemical Engineering in Waste Management Strategies

EV Battery Recycling and Disposal: Environmental Impacts and Solutions

EV Battery Recycling and Disposal

Ever since environmental challenges have impacted our planet, societies worldwide have been striving to adopt more sustainable approaches in various sectors.

The mobility industry, being no exception, has witnessed significant changes in recent years. To address the escalating environmental concerns, the automobile industry has prominently embraced electric vehicles (EVs), predicting a transformative shift towards greener transportation.  Sand Battery

According to Allied Market Research, the global market for electric vehicles, which was valued at $163.01 billion in 2020, will grow by 18.2% between 2021 and 2030 to reach $823.75 billion. The lithium-ion batteries that power these emission-free vehicles are key to the emergence of EVs. While EVs present a promising solution to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution, the emergence of batteries in the scenario has brought forth new environmental challenges, particularly concerning recycling and disposal.

Here’s a look at the environmental effects of recycling and disposing electric vehicle batteries, and investigate sustainable alternatives to guarantee an eco-friendly and responsible future for the ecosystem supporting electric mobility-

Environmental Impacts of EV Battery Disposal

 Landfill Waste

Batteries for electric vehicles should never be disposed of improperly in landfills. These batteries contain hazardous substances including lithium, cobalt, and nickel that can poison the land and groundwater and damage both plant and animal life.

As a result, strict regulations are required to guarantee the secure recycling and ethical disposal of EV batteries, protect the environment from potential risks, and advance a sustainable method of handling electric vehicle battery waste. Sand Battery

Resource Depletion

Concerns regarding resource depletion have been highlighted by the rise in demand for electric vehicle batteries. These batteries require lithium, cobalt, and nickel, three materials whose mining can deplete natural resources and disturb ecosystems. Some effects of mining practices include deforestation, habitat loss, and air and water pollution. Thus, to solve this problem, it is essential to look into alternatives like recycling and creating more ecologically friendly battery chemistries, ensuring a more responsible and eco-friendly method of obtaining raw materials for EV batteries.


EV Battery Recycling and Disposal: Environmental Impacts and Solutions

Hydrogen vehicles – Recycled plastic reduces carbon consumption by up to 87 per cent 27-11-2023

Sand Battery

Hydrogen vehicles – Recycled plastic reduces carbon consumption by up to 87 per cent 27-11-2023

Hydrogen vehicles

Petrochemicals Ny66 – Polymers : PET – r-PET – Filament grade semidull chips -Filament grade bright chips – Ny6 – Ny66 – PP 


Hydrogen vehicles

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Recycled plastic reduces carbon consumption by up to 87 per cent

Recycling works: plastic packaging specialist ALPLA operates state-of-the-art plants worldwide under the brand ALPLArecycling for the production of rPET (recycled PET) and rHDPE (recycled HDPE). Calculation of the product carbon footprint by the independent consultancy c7-consult now provides new data for a total of four plants in Mexico and Germany. Carbon reductions of up to 87 per cent compared to virgin materials confirm the climate protection effect of recycled plastics and the ecological importance of regional bottle-to-bottle loops. Hydrogen vehicles

ALPLA processes used plastic packaging into recyclate. The recycled material produced in Mexico and Germany causes up to 87 percent less CO2 emissions than virgin material.

ALPLA is focusing on the circular economy: the global packaging specialist invests more than 50 million euros annually in recycling and uses state-of-the-art technologies to produce recycled material. With an installed and projected output capacity of 350,000 tonnes per year, the company is one of the world’s leading plastics recyclers. Analyses performed by the life cycle assessment specialist c7-consult now confirm efficient production at a total of four additional sites in Mexico and Germany. There, ALPLArecycling produces rPET and rHDPE, which produces up to 87 per cent fewer carbon emissions than virgin materials.

‘The figures confirm our path. We produce climate-friendly recycling solutions with a regional focus and convert the material into new packaging, thereby promoting the bottle-to-bottle loop. In this way, we ensure there are safe, affordable and sustainable packaging solutions all over the world,’ emphasises Georg Lässer, Director of Business Development, Procurement and Sales, Recycling, at ALPLA.  Hydrogen vehicles

Circular economy pioneers in Mexico

ALPLArecycling produces 30,000 tonnes of rHDPE per year at its Toluca recycling plant in Mexico. Production in Toluca causes 0.69 kg of CO2e per kilogram. This is 70 per cent fewer emissions than with HDPE virgin material (2.32 kg of CO2e per kilogram[1]). ALPLA has been operating what was the first PET recycling plant in Latin America at the time in Toluca since 2005 within the joint venture IMER (Industria Mexicana de Reciclaje S.A. de C.V.) together with Coca-Cola FEMSA and The Coca-Cola Company. It has an annual production capacity of 16,000 tonnes of rPET. According to the analysis, production causes only 0.38 kg of CO2e per kilogram, which is 87 per cent less than virgin PET (2.90 kg of CO2e per kilogram[2]).  Hydrogen vehicles

The rPET production capacity in Mexico will be increased to 51,000 tonnes next year. The PLANETA plant (Planta Nueva Ecología de Tabasco) in Cunduacán is currently being built in cooperation with Coca-Cola FEMSA. The joint venture partners are setting new collection priorities with the model of paying for the receipt of used PET bottles and with social cooperations. ‘Recycling is a key element in packaging solutions of the future. We want to convince people of the benefits and are drawing on substantiated data to do so. Exact analysis of our plants also enables us to improve our ecological footprint in a targeted manner,’ explains Carlos Torres Ballesteros, ALPLA Managing Director, Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean.  Hydrogen vehicles


Hydrogen vehicles

China in red, lithium in free fall. Here because

This financial turbulence unfolded against the backdrop of Beijing’s concerted efforts to rescue the beleaguered real estate sector, strained under the weight of mounting debt. Compounding the unease were anxieties surrounding China’s October PMI figures, slated for release the following week, following September readings that signaled a contraction in manufacturing and a deceleration in service activities.

Amidst these concerns, skepticism swirled regarding the efficacy of Beijing’s various real estate stimulus measures, including the decision to allow banks to extend unsecured short-term loans to sector companies.  Hydrogen vehicles

Despite the day’s downturn, the Hang Seng index was on course for its second consecutive weekly gain, rising by approximately 1.0%.

This optimism stemmed from the hope that the Federal Reserve’s tightening trajectory might be nearing its conclusion, with the first rate cut anticipated in March 2024.

Meanwhile, Japan grappled with a surge in inflation, reaching 3.3% in October 2023, up from the previous month’s 3.0%.

This marked the highest level since July, with core inflation also climbing to 2.9%, just below the consensus of 3.0%.  Hydrogen vehicles

Notably, the Bank of Japan’s 2% inflation target remained elusive for the 19th consecutive month.

In a starkly different economic arena, the price of Chinese lithium carbonate, denominated in yuan, continued its month-long descent, plummeting by 75% for the year.

An oversupply in the market exerted downward pressure on prices, prompting electric vehicle manufacturers to reevaluate their strategies.

Chinese lithium carbonate prices dipped by 2.3% on Thursday and a staggering 20% thus far in November, with the last recorded daily gain occurring on October 25th.

The spodumene, a lithium-bearing rock extracted in Australia, witnessed more than a 50% decrease in value in 2023.  Hydrogen vehicles

Shifting the focus to geopolitics, Argentina’s newly elected president, Javier Milei, adopted a more tempered tone compared to his previous sharp rhetoric.

Following his victory, Milei extended well-wishes to the Chinese people, a notable departure from his earlier characterization of the Chinese government as an “assassin” during an August interview.

Milei’s gesture included responding to a congratulatory letter from Xi Jinping and hinting at the potential inclusion of former central bank president Luis Caputo in a significant economic role.  Hydrogen vehicles

Hydrogen vehicles

Hydrogen, often hailed as a beacon of eco-friendly transportation,  particularly in the context of fuel cell technology

While electric cars dominate green conversations, fuel cell-powered vehicles, like the Toyota Mirai and Hyundai Nexo, are making their mark in the Italian automotive landscape. These models leverage hydrogen-oxygen reactions to generate electrical energy, offering the notable advantage of rapid refueling, with the Mirai boasting a mere five minutes for a substantial range exceeding 600 km. However, this green innovation comes at a price—both the Mirai and Nexo command high price tags of 66,000 and approximately 80,000 euros respectively.  Hydrogen vehicles

Beyond these initial offerings, car manufacturers like Toyota and BMW are exploring hydrogen’s potential in different vehicle types. Toyota showcased the GR Yaris H2, integrating hydrogen as fuel while maintaining a modified turbocharged internal combustion engine. On the other hand, BMW, an early advocate for hydrogen engines since 2000, remains in the experimental phase, producing small series for testing purposes, as seen in the iX5 Hydrogen.

Despite promising strides in vehicle technology, a critical hurdle to widespread adoption is the lack of infrastructure. With only two operational hydrogen refueling stations—located in Bolzano and Mestre—accessing fuel remains a challenge for Italian motorists. Hydrogen, currently perceived as more suitable for heavy transport, is reflected in logistical decisions favoring areas like the Brenner road axis and the Trieste-to-Turin corridor. The Ministry of Transport’s 2023 ranking of 36 new projects earmarks public funding for expanding the hydrogen refueling network by 2026, encompassing regions from Valcamonica and Umbria to Puglia and Calabria.  Hydrogen vehicles

Territorial imbalances compound the issue, as private mobility needs are not met uniformly across regions. Of the 36 proposed projects, only six are slated for implementation in southern regions, with Veneto leading the charge with nine refueling stations. Comparatively, Germany, a hydrogen pioneer, already boasts 92 supply points, revealing the substantial gap in Italy’s hydrogen infrastructure development. As European nations race toward hydrogen expansion goals, Italy aims for 70 stations by 2030, falling behind Germany, the United Kingdom, and France in this ambitious pursuit.

The journey toward making hydrogen a viable solution in Italy’s transportation landscape is underway, but substantial challenges must be surmounted for it to become a mainstream reality.  Hydrogen vehicles

Hydrogen, often hailed as a beacon of eco-friendly transportation, is gaining attention in Italy, particularly in the context of fuel cell technology

Hydrogen vehicles represent a promising yet underutilized facet of the automotive landscape, offering a unique alternative to traditional gasoline-powered cars and electric vehicles

Although their popularity has been eclipsed by the widespread adoption of electric vehicles, understanding how hydrogen vehicle engines work sheds light on their potential and the challenges they face.

At the heart of hydrogen vehicles is the fuel cell, a device that enables the conversion of hydrogen into electricity through an electrochemical process. Unlike conventional internal combustion engines, hydrogen vehicles employ electric motors for propulsion. This distinction positions them as electric vehicles (EVs), despite the divergent energy source.

In a hydrogen vehicle, the journey from hydrogen gas to electrical power begins with the storage of hydrogen in a high-pressure tank.  Hydrogen vehicles

This gaseous fuel is then directed to a fuel cell stack, a crucial component housing a catalyst, often platinum. As hydrogen molecules interact with the catalyst in a controlled electrochemical reaction, electrons are released, generating electrical energy.

This process is known as the proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell technology, one of the most common designs in hydrogen vehicles.

The produced electricity is subsequently harnessed to power the electric motor, propelling the vehicle forward. Remarkably, the sole byproduct of this energy conversion is water vapor, positioning hydrogen vehicles as exceptionally clean and environmentally friendly transportation options.

However, despite their potential ecological advantages, hydrogen vehicles face significant challenges hindering their widespread adoption.  Hydrogen vehicles

The dearth of hydrogen refueling infrastructure poses a substantial hurdle, limiting the practicality of these vehicles for everyday consumers. Additionally, concerns regarding the flammability of hydrogen gas have contributed to apprehension surrounding its use as a fuel source.

As of now, the disparity in adoption rates between electric vehicles and hydrogen vehicles is stark. The United States, for instance, boasts over 2 million electric vehicles on its roads, dwarfing the approximately 15,000 hydrogen-powered vehicles in operation. Nevertheless, ongoing advancements in technology, coupled with efforts to expand hydrogen infrastructure, may yet breathe new life into the hydrogen vehicle revolution, offering a compelling alternative in the quest for sustainable transportation.

Hydrogen vehicles represent a promising yet underutilized facet of the automotive landscape, offering a unique alternative to traditional gasoline-powered cars and electric vehicles

Coperion recycling innovation centre starts operations in Germany

The high-tech test centre for plastics recycling applications is located in Niederbiegen near Weingarten, Germany

Machinery producer Coperion has started operations at its plastics recycling innovation centre in Niederbiegen near Weingarten, southern Germany.  Hydrogen vehicles

The Recycling Innovation Centre is situated in the immediate vicinity of Coperion’s existing test centre for Bulk Solids Handling, expanding the company’s test lab capacities in Germany alone up to 5,000 square meters.

The high-tech centre allows Coperion’s customers to test every recycling process step, from material handling and feeding to extrusion, compounding, pelletising, material postprocessing, and deodorisation. Extensively equipped recycling systems are available that can be modified in myriad ways, depending upon the specific requirements of the recyclate to be produced.  Hydrogen vehicles

Machinery available include the Fluidlift ecodry for material flash drying during conveying; the Mix-a-Lot bulk solid mixer for creating pre-mixes including flakes or powders; and a ZS-B MEGAfeed side feeder, especially for extruding and compounding plastic recyclates with bulk densities starting as low as 20 kg/m³ at high throughputs.

“With this new Recycling Innovation Centre, we’re in a position where we can simulate the entire plastics recycling process,” said Massimo Serapioni, general manager of Coperion’s Recycling Business Unit. “Our customers can test the complete process, from mechanical pre-treatment of plastics in Herbold Meckesheim’s Test Centre up to compounding and pelletizing, prior to making the investment.

As a supplier of entire recycling systems, we are very proud to be able to offer our customers this enormous added value.”  Hydrogen vehicles


Coperion recycling innovation centre starts operations in Germany

Here is the extraordinary news: BYD, the Chinese giant, has started construction of the largest salt battery factory in the world, located in Xuzhou, between Beijing and Shanghai, with a monumental investment of 1.2 billion euros

This mammoth facility, known as the Gigafactory, represents a milestone in the evolution of battery technology, as it will be entirely dedicated to the production of sodium ion batteries.
The BYD Gigafactory, with a production capacity of 30 GWh per year, will be the largest factory in the world specializing in this type of technology, which is gradually emerging on the market.
Sodium ion batteries, commonly called “salt” batteries, are gaining ground and are already available for some energy storage systems, as well as used in the first electric cars. In the future, these batteries will represent a valid alternative to the more common lithium-ion batteries, offering slightly lower performance but at lower costs. Hydrogen vehicles
The construction of this new factory is the result of collaboration between BYD, its subsidiary Findreams Battery and the electric tricycle company Huaihai. Initially, the sodium ion batteries produced will be intended for scooters and light quadricycles, but the future goal is to extend their use to cars too.
BYD is not the only player to focus on this innovative technology; other Chinese companies such as Jiangsu Zoolnasm and Hina are also investing in Gigafactory to produce sodium batteries.
CATL, the world’s leading battery manufacturer, together with Northvolt, a leading European company, are preparing to launch their versions of sodium-ion batteries on the market.  Hydrogen vehicles
A clear signal that the salt battery sector is destined to become a focal point in the race for sustainability and energy efficiency.
Here is the extraordinary news: BYD, the Chinese giant, has started construction of the largest salt battery factory in the world, located in Xuzhou, between Beijing and Shanghai, with a monumental investment of 1.2 billion euros

BST India’s focus on consistent quality in flexible packaging 

BST India at Food Packaging and Innovations India Summit 2023

BST India, a leading manufacturer of quality assurance systems for printing, flexible packaging, and the web-based processing industry, showcased its potential in changing the future of food packaging at the recently concluded Food Packaging and Innovations India Summit 2023 in Mumbai. BST India supported the summit as a gold partner for the event.  Hydrogen vehicles

A presentation by Khushal Patel, director of sales and marketing, on ‘BST’s role in delivering consistent quality in flexible packaging’, delved into the company’s role in ensuring a standard of quality paramount in the flexible packaging industry.

The presentation explored how BST, integrated into the manufacturing process, can streamline operations, and enhance the overall quality of flexible packaging. It emphasized the importance of consistency in meeting industry standards, addressing challenges, and ultimately providing customers with products that surpass expectations.

“Our Gold Partnership and presentation at the Food Packaging & Innovations India Summit 2023 reflect our ongoing commitment to staying at the forefront of advancements in food packaging technology. By sharing our insights and experiences, we aim to contribute not only to our industry’s growth but also to the success of our valued partners and clients,” Patel said.  Hydrogen vehicles

The two-day summit from 1 November in Mumbai saw the active participation of companies such as Emami, Wagh Bakari Tea, Marico, Britannia, and many more. Their presence added depth to the discussions, fostering an environment of collaboration and knowledge exchange.

The multi-channel B2B in print and digital 17-year-old platform matches the industry’s growth trajectory. The Indian, South Asian, Southeast Asian, and Middle East packaging industries are looking beyond the resilience of the past three years. They are resuming capacity expansion and diversification, with high technology and automation in new plants and projects.  Hydrogen vehicles

As we present our 2024 publishing plan, India’s real GDP growth for the financial year ending 31 March 2024 will exceed 6%. The packaging industry growth will match the GDP growth in volume terms and surpass it by at least 3% in terms of nominal growth allowing for price inflation in energy, raw materials, consumables, and capital equipment.


BST India’s focus on consistent quality in flexible packaging 

Plastic waste – Svensk Plaståtervinning opens state-of-the-art facility for plastic recycling 25-11-2023

Hydrogen vehicles

Petrochemicals Ny66 – Polymers : PET – r-PET – Filament grade semidull chips -Filament grade bright chips – Ny6 – Ny66 – PP 27-11-2023

Petrochemicals Ny66

Petrochemicals Ny66

  • Polymers : PET – r-PET – Filament grade semidull chips -Filament grade bright chips – Ny6 – Ny66 – PP
  • Feedstocks  PX – PTA – MEG – CPL – Adipic Acid – Benzene – ACN – Ethylene – Phenol – Naphtha
  • Textile : Polyester POY – DTY – FDY – PSF – Recycled Polyester POY – Nylon POY – DTY – FDY Spandex 20-30-40 -Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  Acrylic Staple Fiber 

Petrochemicals Ny66PET

Petrochemicals Ny66

ITEM 20/11/2023 27/11/2023 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 7,000 yuan/ton 6,825 yuan/ton -175
Bottle grade PET chips export market 890 $/ton 880 $/ton -10
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 6,825 yuan/ton 6,675 yuan/ton -150
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 6,875 yuan/ton 6,710 yuan/ton -165
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market 6,080 yuan/ton 5,725 yuan/ton -355
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 750 $/ton 730 $/ton -20
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 4,185 yuan/ton 4,045 yuan/ton -140
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 488 $/ton 477 $/ton -11
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market

Petrochemicals Ny66

1,020 $/ton 999 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 997 $/ton 976 $/ton -21
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,050 $/ton 1,045 $/ton -5
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 7,430  yuan/ton 7,470 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,400 yuan/ton 7,400 yuan/ton
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 8,825 yuan/ton 8,850 yuan/ton +25
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F

Petrochemicals Ny66

8,800 yuan/ton 8,800 yuan/ton
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 8,100 yuan/ton 8,100 yuan/ton
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,500 yuan/ton 7,350 yuan/ton -150
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 13,000 yuan/ton 13,200 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,600 $/ton 1,600 $/ton
Nylon 6 chips overseas  market 1,830 $/ton 1,830 $/ton
Nylon 6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 14,000 yuan/ton 14,150 yuan/ton +150
Nylon 6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market

Petrochemicals Ny66

14,250 yuan/ton 14,350 yuan/ton +100
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market 20,000 yuan/ton 20,000 yuan/ton
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 16,350 yuan/ton 16,450 yuan/ton +100
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 18,500 yuan/ton 18,600 yuan/ton- +100
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  17,000 yuan/ton 17,150 yuan/ton +150
Spandex 20D  domestic  market

Petrochemicals Ny66

36,100 yuan/ton 36,100 yuan/ton
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 34,600 yuan/ton 34,600 yuan/ton
Spandex 40D  domestic  market  31,600 yuan/ton 31,600 yuan/ton
Adipic Acid domestic market 8,850 yuan/ton 8,775 yuan/ton -75
Benzene domestic market

Petrochemicals Ny66

7,800 yuan/ton 7,300 yuan/ton -500
Benzene overseas  market 893 $/ton 872 $/ton -21
Ethylene South East market 940 $/ton 940 $/ton
Ethylene NWE market 779 $/ton 749 $/ton -30
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market

Petrochemicals Ny66

10,300 yuan/ton 10,300 yuan/ton
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market 1,200 $/ton 1,200 $/ton
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 14,600 yuan/ton 14,600 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 13,100 yuan/ton 13,100 yuan/ton
PP Powder domestic market

Petrochemicals Ny66

7,350 yuan/ton 7,270 yuan/ton -80
Naphtha overseas market  626 $/ton 653 $/ton +27
Phenol domestic market 8,192 yuan/ton 8,275 yuan/ton +83

r-PET high end eco-friendly chips =7,900 yuan/ton 7,900 yuan/ton   –

Samsung Engineering to start FEED on 150,000-tonne Malaysian green hydrogen project

A green hydrogen project in Sarawak, Malaysia, with an annual production capacity of 150,000 tonnes, is set to begin its front-end engineering design (FEED) work by Samsung Engineering, a South Korean company.

The project, named H2Biscus, is a joint venture between Lotte Chemical and Korea National Oil Corporation from South Korea and SEDC Energy from Malaysia.

The project aims to convert green hydrogen into 850,000 tonnes of green ammonia per year, using renewable energy sources.  Petrochemicals Ny66

Samsung Engineering will choose the best hydrogen production method from two options: PEM and alkaline electrolysis, based on efficiency and economic feasibility.

The FEED work is expected to be completed in 2024, followed by a final investment decision (FID) at the end of the same year.

If the FID is approved, the engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) work will start in early 2025, and the commercial production of green hydrogen will commence in early 2028.  Petrochemicals Ny66

The project partners have already secured a renewable power supply agreement with Sarawak Electricity Authority, as per a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU).

Samsung Engineering’s President and CEO, Hong Namkoong, said that the H2Biscus project is a significant milestone for both domestic and international markets, and that they will strive to make it a successful and exemplary model for global hydrogen projects.

Samsung Engineering to start FEED on 150,000-tonne Malaysian green hydrogen project


Petrochemicals Ny66

Plastic waste – Svensk Plaståtervinning opens state-of-the-art facility for plastic recycling 25-11-2023

Plastic waste

Research at the University of Edinburgh could lead the charge toward UK rare element sustainability

A groundbreaking research initiative at the University of Edinburgh, spearheaded by Professor Louise Horsfall and her research group, holds the promise of revolutionizing the sustainability of rare elements in the UK. Focused on bio-based recycling, the project is centered around the utilization of engineered bacteria as a key component in recovering critical metals from end-of-life electric vehicle (EV) batteries.

In this innovative approach, bacteria are employed to extract metallic compounds, including cobalt, manganese, nickel, and lithium, from lithium-ion batteries. The goal is to establish a novel UK-based supply chain for rechargeable vehicle batteries by processing and repurposing these valuable elements. Professor Horsfall’s team is collaborating with the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre (IBioIC) to advance the project to an industrial scale. Plastic waste

The FlexBio center within IBioIC facilitates the refinement of the process in a larger bioreactor, marking a significant step toward practical implementation.

To ensure the effectiveness of the engineered bacteria at scale, the Edinburgh Genome Foundry, situated at the University of Edinburgh, has been instrumental in the selection and modification of bacteria. The process involves introducing bacteria into battery leachate, the liquid remaining after initial processing, within a fermenter to simulate a natural biological reaction. During this reaction, the bacteria generate nano-sized particles of metallic compounds, resulting in a sediment that can be separated and filtered from the residual liquid. Tests are currently underway using material recovered from an EV battery previously employed in a Nissan Leaf.

This cutting-edge research is part of the broader Reuse and Recycling of Lithium-Ion Batteries (ReLiB) initiative, led by the University of Birmingham and financially supported by the Faraday Institution—the UK’s independent institute for electrochemical energy storage science. Plastic waste

With battery electric vehicles comprising 16.1% of total new car sales in the UK from January to June 2023, there is an escalating demand for initiatives that address supply chain pressures and manage waste batteries at the end of their lifespan. As reserves of metals used in batteries diminish, the approach of repurposing existing batteries becomes increasingly vital, especially given that a significant portion of metals in EV batteries is currently imported.

Professor Horsfall, who holds the position of Chair of Sustainable Biotechnology at the University of Edinburgh, emphasizes the importance of considering the fate of technology post-use, stating, “This project is about using cutting-edge sustainable biotechnology to find ways of tackling that challenge and, in turn, extract some of the most valuable metals that can go back into the sector at the early stages of vehicle production.”

Liz Fletcher, the Director of Business Engagement at IBioIC, underscores the dual value of the method being developed, stating, “No one wants to see lithium-ion batteries ending up in landfill, so it is important to explore different ways to repurpose and recycle them.”

She adds that the project could not only provide a petrochemical-free solution to waste but also contribute to reshoring the supply chain for rare metals and future battery manufacturing. Plastic waste

This multidimensional approach aligns with the imperative to make everyday products and services, such as cars and transport, more sustainable through the application of biotechnology.

Plastic waste

Svensk Plaståtervinning opens state-of-the-art facility for plastic recycling

Svensk Plaståtervinning, a Swedish a non-profit company co-owned by Swedish plastics, food and trade industry groups, inaugurated Site Zero, a sorting plant in Motala, Sweden. The plant features Tomra and Sutco equipment and aims to realise a circular economy for plastics by sorting Swedish plastic packaging waste into 12 fractions.

The plant is expected to process 42 metric tons of materials per hour and to recover 12 different types of plastics from mixed plastic packaging waste. This includes a variety of polyolefins, PET, PS, EPS, PVC, and more. The technology allows for purity levels of up to 98%. As of now the clean material fractions are then sent to recyclers in the EU. However, Site Zero is also planning to add recycling capacity to further process the main fractions locally in the future. Plastic waste

With Site Zero the three partners – Svensk Plaståtervinning, Tomra and Sutco – aim to close the loop on plastics and to enable zero waste, zero downcycling and zero emissions. “The plant we are seeing here today is the result of three partners working towards a common goal: closing the loop on plastic packaging.”, Oliver Lambertz, VP and Head of Operations and Feedstock Sourcing at Tomra Feedstock, concludes.


Plastic waste

Plastic waste management: Working towards a sustainable future

The European Commission is determined to address the challenge of plastic waste, with a comprehensive strategy and targets that will transform Europe’s plastic waste management and help the transition to a circular economy.

The exponential growth of plastic use is of global environmental concern. It has led to a surge in plastic waste that our current waste management systems are struggling to manage. Plastic waste

Effective plastic waste management has emerged as a significant challenge and opportunity for innovation that requires a comprehensive and sustainable approach. The European Commission told The Innovation Platform about its plans to manage and mitigate plastic waste, the associated challenges and its progress towards ambitious policies and targets

What is the European Commission currently doing to manage plastic waste? What are key policies and how are they being implemented?

Plastics are an important material in our economy and daily lives. However, they can have serious negative effects on the environment and human health. The EU is taking action to tackle plastic pollution and marine litter to accelerate the transition to a circular and resource-efficient plastics economy.  Plastic waste

The EU Plastics Strategy was adopted in January 2018 to transform the way plastic products are designed, produced, used, and recycled in the EU. We want to improve plastic waste recycling through better design, curbing plastic waste and littering, and driving investments and innovation in the value chain.


Plastic waste

From Northvolt comes the sodium ion battery

The intuition of a start up could soon mark a fundamental turning point in the world of electric cars. Northvolt, a Swedish company specializing in the production of batteries, has in fact developed a sodium ion battery, which does not contain lithium, cobalt or nickel, three metals that are not always so easily available and have unstable prices.
The use of sodium would have another fundamental advantage for the West, as it would minimize dependence on China for the purchase of the three elements, lithium in particular. Northvolt’s product is based on a hard carbon anode and a high-sodium “Prussian white” cathode. Due to the increased safety at high temperatures, the company would find it particularly interesting for energy storage in markets such as India, the Middle East and Africa. Plastic waste
This new sodium ion technology is less expensive and safer than the already known electric batteries; however, the amount of energy it produces is currently lower than that of lithium batteries, making it impossible, for the moment, to exploit sodium ion cells to power electric vehicles. The energy density achieved by Northvolt batteries currently reaches 160 watt hours per kilogram, while that of lithium batteries used in electric cars reaches 250/300 watt hours per kilogram. The first generation of sodium ion cells produced by Northvolt is in fact designed mainly for energy storage, while subsequent productions will offer opportunities for greater energy density to be used in electric vehicles.
Peter Carlsson, CEO and co-founder of Northvolt, said this new technology could be worth tens of billions of dollars as demand for electric batteries is set to increase over the next decade. Northvolt is currently the West’s safest hope against China, Korea and Japan, the three giants that hold a monopoly in the production of electric batteries.
However, sodium ion batteries are not an invention of the Swedish start-up; but the novelty is the lack of heavy metals. Plastic waste
In fact, even the Chinese Catl, the world’s largest battery manufacturer, has developed a similar technology, which however also incorporates nickel, cobalt and manganese, making the product much more expensive and less safe, as it could catch fire even at low temperatures .
Carlsson also added: «The world has placed great hopes in sodium ions and I am very pleased to say that we have developed a technology that will serve to accelerate the energy transition.
This is an important milestone for Northvolt’s market proposition, but technology like this is also critical to achieving global sustainability goals, making electrification more affordable, sustainable and accessible around the world.” Plastic waste
Plastic waste

Nanshan Fashion enters nylon field with Oerlikon

Partners committed to building the business and moving towards brand internationalisation.
At ITMA ASIA + CITME currently underway in Shanghai, Oerlikon Barmag has signed a strategic cooperation agreement with Shandong Nanshan Fashion Technology for a nylon POY+DTY project in Longkou, Shandong, China.The cooperation will see Oerlikon Barmag provide a completely integrated solution for nylon filament from chip drying and spinning to winding and texturing.Both parties will engage in cooperation based on mutual trust and long-term development considerations, with the target of high-end and sustainable nylon production.
Oerlikon Barmag will provide highly-differentiated nylon filament production solutions, integrate the advantages of Nanshan Fashion’s scientific and technological R&D resources and promote a joint brand for the nylon filament industry. Plastic waste
“For Oerlikon, this is the first time we have had the opportunity to work with an integrated textile manufacturer with a well-known brand in Dellma,” said Georg Stausberg, Oerlikon Polymer Processing Solutions CEO. “This should help us better understand  ongoing developments in the consumer market and the demands that they place on the manmade fibre industry. Nanshan Fashion is entering the field of manmade fibre production for the first time and we’ll support the venture with all our experience.”
Nanshan Fashion enters nylon field with Oerlikon

Hyosung, Tefron and Santoni partner to introduce sustainable activewear and seamless apparel

The world is witnessing a growing demand for sustainable and innovative solutions within the textile and fashion industry. To meet the evolving needs of consumers and the environment, Hyosung is collaborating with two of the leading global seamless companies, Tefron and Santoni, to introduce a new generation of sustainable sportswear and seamless apparel made with its certified and multi-functional yarns.

Hyosung, Tefron, and Santoni will unveil its collaborative product, which aims to set new standards in sustainable activewear and seamless clothing, at ISPO Munich this November 28-30 in Hall A1, Booth 335. Plastic waste

“The collaboration between Tefron, Hyosung, and Santoni presents a winning combination of certified eco-friendly raw materials and innovative production techniques,” said Susie Barak, Business Director, Tefron. “By integrating Tefron’s global one-stop shop expertise in seamless knitting with Hyosung’s creora® Bio-Based yarn, the partnership paves the way for innovative designs and styles that were previously challenging to achieve with traditional materials and manufacturing techniques.”

“We are delighted to team-up with two of the most powerful players in the seamless apparel market,” said Simon Whitmarsh-Knight, Hyosung Global Marketing Director -Textiles.

“The benefits of our collaboration are numerous and range from traceable, certified fibres, comfort, and performance to innovative design and versatility.” Plastic waste

To inspire seamless mills and fashion brands, Santoni will introduce its first-ever capsule collection of seamless materials made with Hyosung USDA, SGS-certified creora® Bio-Based elastane, RCS-certified 100% recycled creora® regen elastane, and soft-stretch creora® EasyFlex made on its world-class seamless knitting machines.

At the Santoni ISPO booth, the company will introduce its new SANTONI SM8-TOP2ST machine, a variant of its best-selling SANTONI SM8-TOP2V that allows for the creation of sculptured terry patterns and upgraded seamless designs. Santoni and Hyosung have partnered to create an environmentally friendly and innovative “capsule collection” made with Hyosung USDA, SGS-certified creora® Bio-Based elastane, which will be presented in the Hyosung booth.

The collection features terry knitting solutions to produce different padding effects based on higher protection and comfort. Plastic waste


Breaking Down Waste – Plastic Granulators and Recycling Machines Drive Sustainability Efforts

As awareness grows around the world about the environmental impact of plastic waste, companies and municipalities are ramping up sustainability efforts and looking for solutions.

As awareness grows around the world about the environmental impact of plastic waste, companies and municipalities are ramping up sustainability efforts and looking for solutions. Key to these efforts are technologies like plastic granulators and recycling machines that allow for the efficient breaking down and repurposing of plastic waste.

Plastic granulators are powerful machines that fragment and grind plastic scraps into smaller, uniform pieces called regrinds or granules. The resulting plastic granules provide the feedstock for recycling and can be remade into new plastic products. Common plastic resins that are recycled include PET, PP, HDPE and LDPE.  Plastic waste

“Plastic granulators are an essential first step in the recycling process,” said John Smith, president of ABC Recycling Machinery. “They enable us to take in scrap plastic that would otherwise be destined for landfills and grind it into a raw material that can be reborn as new plastic products. It’s a closed-loop system that creates less waste and uses fewer virgin resources.”

There are numerous types of plastic granulators available that are tailored to different plastic scrap streams and volumes. The granulation process reduces the size of plastic feeds such as bottles, containers, film, engineering plastic and other leftovers from manufacturing or post-consumer use.  Plastic waste

The granulator uses a cutting chamber and rotating knives to continuously slice the plastic until it is small enough to fall through a sized screen. The screen size and knife design can be configured based on the type of plastic stream input as well as the desired particle output size.

ABC Recycling Machinery offers heavy-duty granulators for large volume recycling as well as smaller bench-top granulators for converting scrap in a lab or small manufacturing setting. The granulators have safety mechanisms to prevent operator injury or contact with internal cutting components. Proper feeding rate, screen configuration, blade sharpness maintenance and stable ground anchoring are also critical to safe and efficient operation. Plastic waste


Breaking Down Waste - Plastic Granulators and Recycling Machines Drive Sustainability Efforts

Plastic waste

Plastics Recycling – Recycleye, Valorplast, and TotalEnergies use AI and computer vision to sort food-grade PP during mechanical recycling 24-11-2023

Plastics Recycling

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Adient will participate in the Barclays Global Automotive and Mobility Tech Conference

Adient, a renowned global force in automotive seating, is slated to actively participate in the upcoming Barclays Global Automotive and Mobility Tech Conference scheduled for Thursday, November 30, 2023. Jerome Dorlack, the Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Adient, will engage in a compelling fireside chat set to commence at 10:50 a.m. Eastern time. The event aims to provide valuable insights into Adient’s strategies, performance, and its perspective on the evolving automotive and mobility technology landscape. Plastics Recycling

The fireside chat, featuring Jerome Dorlack, will be accessible to a wider audience through a live webcast. This webcast can be conveniently accessed on the investor section of Adient’s official website at https://investors.adient.com/. Those interested in gaining firsthand knowledge and updates on Adient’s positioning, future initiatives, and market perspectives are encouraged to tune in to this engaging session.

Adient, with its extensive presence as a global leader in automotive seating, stands out with over 70,000 employees spread across 29 countries. The company boasts a network comprising more than 200 manufacturing and assembly plants worldwide. Operating at the forefront of automotive innovation, Adient is recognized for its ability to produce and deliver cutting-edge automotive seating solutions to all major Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs).  Plastics Recycling

From comprehensive seating systems to meticulously crafted individual components, Adient’s proficiency extends across every facet of the automotive seat manufacturing process. The company’s integrated, in-house capabilities empower it to shepherd products from the initial stages of research and design through to engineering and manufacturing. This seamless process culminates in the incorporation of Adient’s automotive seating solutions into millions of vehicles annually, a testament to the company’s commitment to excellence.

For those seeking a deeper understanding of Adient’s contributions to the automotive industry and its dedication to advancing seating technologies, additional information is available on the official Adient website at www.adient.com. The website serves as a comprehensive resource for exploring Adient’s corporate profile, innovations, and its enduring impact on the global automotive landscape.  Plastics Recycling

Plastics Recycling

Plastic has a greater value than we think

Plastic often receives negative attention, primarily due to the issue of plastic litter. However, it is important to acknowledge that plastic adds value to our lives, often in ways that we may not fully appreciate.

From the manufacturing of polymers used to produce preforms and eventually plastic products, plastic holds intrinsic value, and that value does not necessarily diminish once a plastic product has served its purpose.  Plastics Recycling

Safripol, a leading South African producer of polymer, recognises the importance of maximising the advantages of plastic through innovative solutions.

The company is dedicated to enhancing the recyclability of plastic products and promoting its use in durable applications, where it outperforms alternative materials.

The value of plastic to South Africa’s economy

The Department of Trade, Industry, and Competition (DTIC) estimates that there are approximately 1,800 companies in the plastics industry across the country, employing over 60,000 individuals.

The industry’s contribution to South Africa’s total GDP and manufacturing GDP is 2.3 % and 20 % respectively.  Plastics Recycling

These figures do not take into account the significant number of individuals who earn income from plastic-related activities, such as workers involved in the transportation of plastic products, as well as those in industries that rely on plastic components for their operations or the manufacturing of finished goods. In fact, nearly every sector and industry utilises or depends on plastic in some capacity.

The value of plastic to our environment

It is undeniably challenging to recognise the environmental benefits of plastic, particularly when we encounter plastic litter in our streets and parks. However, it is crucial to use plastic responsibly, dispose of it correctly, and promote recycling.

By recycling, we can establish a circular plastics economy. Instead of using additional virgin plastic, various recycling methods can be employed to generate new products that incorporate recycled plastic. This approach enables us to decrease energy consumption and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.  Plastics Recycling


Plastics Recycling

First edition of Plastics Recycling Show Middle East and Africa

The inaugural edition of the Plastics Recycling Show Middle East and Africa (PRS MEA) unfolded from September 5th to 7th, 2023, at the Dubai World Trade Center, marking a significant milestone in advancing the plastics recycling landscape for the Middle East and Africa (MEA) market. Hosted in Dubai, a hub for rapid growth in recycling, the event brought together 98 exhibitors who showcased cutting-edge technologies and solutions geared towards promoting a circular and sustainable economy.

Organized by Media Fusion’s Managing Director, Taher Patrawala, in collaboration with Crain Communications, the PRS MEA aimed to foster a green future by highlighting the latest developments in plastics recycling from global leaders. The event served as a platform for the MEA market to witness the forefront of innovations in recycling solutions. Patrawala expressed his excitement about the region’s interest and emphasized Dubai’s central role in the dynamic recycling landscape. Plastics Recycling

Throughout the three-day event, attendees engaged with exhibitors who presented the latest trends and technologies in the plastics recycling industry, including insights into the bedding- and mattress-related recycling sector. The conference delved into crucial topics such as the current state and opportunities in the plastics recycling market, the collection and sorting landscape in MEA, chemical recycling’s impact on recyclable materials, and innovative solutions for sustainable food packaging to enhance circular economy practices.

A notable highlight was the Panel Discussion on ‘Transitioning to Circularity,’ where industry leaders, including Mustafa Bater from Coca-Cola Eurasia Middle East Operating Unit, emphasized their commitment to sustainability. The event also featured speakers from prominent organizations such as Unilever, PepsiCo, Veolia, Tetra Pak, Nestlé, Dow Chemical IMEA, and others. Plastics Recycling

Material focus sessions, a pivotal component of PRS conferences, included a Material Recycling Focus Session in Dubai. Ton Emans, President of Plastics Recyclers Europe, commended the success of the first PRS MEA edition, expressing enthusiasm about the collaboration between European recyclers’ expertise and the emerging recycling industry in the Middle East and Africa.

As a testament to its triumph, the PRS MEA drew thousands of visitors and international exhibitors, setting the stage for a follow-up event scheduled for September 2024. Matt Barber, reflecting on the success, underlined the event’s role in bringing together diverse industry stakeholders, making PRS MEA a crucial platform for advancing the global agenda of circular plastics.  Plastics Recycling

Plastics Recycling

Recycleye, Valorplast, and TotalEnergies use AI and computer vision to sort food-grade PP during mechanical recycling

Project OMNI – a research project directed by RecycleyeValorplast, and TotalEnergies that utilizes AI and machine learning to identify and separate food-grade polypropylene from household post-consumer waste – has led to ‘ground-breaking results’, the companies report.

Project OMNI is one of seven successful projects selected in Citeo’s call for projects in October 2020. It is said to have proven the viability of sorting food-grade polypropylene waste with AI, computer vision, and an ‘efficient’ decontamination process.

Using waste collected from five French locations by Valorplast, Recycleye built and trained an AI model; the AI and robotic sorting has apparently achieved a successful pick rate of 50% of the food-grade material and >95% purity. This material was further decontaminated on a semi-industrial pilot based on off-the-shelf mechanical recycling technologies, at which point TotalEnergies used it to produce recycled polypropylene for high-end packaging applications. Plastics Recycling

It is hoped that Project OMNI, the result of eighteen months of research, will facilitate ‘system-wide packaging changes’ and take steps towards circularity for polypropylene packaging.

“This project not only demonstrates how cutting-edge technology can improve material circularity, but also paves the way for a wider range of accessible applications for recycled polymers to serve our customers,” explained Nathalie Brunelle, senior vice president of Polymers at TotalEnergies. “It provides a concrete response to the challenge of managing end-of-life plastics, and fully supports our ambition of reaching 1 million tons of circular polymers.”

Victor Dewulf, CEO of Recycleye, continued: “We are extremely excited to see this successful application of our robust AI-powered sorting technology at a semi-industrial scale. This application opens the possibility of creating new markets for recycled plastics materials; ultimately changing the economics of recycling.”  Plastics Recycling


Recycleye, Valorplast, and TotalEnergies use AI and computer vision to sort food-grade PP during mechanical recycling

Clariant’s catalyst chosen for Shenghong’s new world-scale biodegradable plastics project

Clariant, a sustainability-focused specialty chemical company, today announced that it has been awarded a major contract by Jiangsu Shenghong Petrochemical Co., Ltd, to use Clariant’s SynDane 3142 LA catalyst for its new maleic anhydride (MA) production plant in Lianyungang, Jiangsu province, China, said HydrocarbonprocessingPlastics Recycling

With a production capacity of 200,000 tons per year, the new plant slated for start of production in 2025, will be one of the largest production plants for MA worldwide.

The plant in Lianyungang will produce maleic anhydride as an intermediate product for polybutylene adipate terephthalate (PBAT), which in turn will function as a base product for biodegradable plastic. Using the SynDane catalyst, Shenghong Petrochemical will be able to improve production efficiency and reduce power consumption, leading to annual energy savings of up to 24 million CNY.
Xaver Karsunke, Head of Clariant Specialty Catalysts, commented: “Sustainability is at the heart of our company strategy to drive change by partnering with our customers to develop sustainable, efficient solutions.

We are excited to support Shenghong in this ambitious and important project to address the plastic waste problem and maximize their energy savings during MA production with our innovative SynDane catalyst.”  Plastics Recycling


Clariant’s catalyst chosen for Shenghong’s new world-scale biodegradable plastics project

MAP tray on 100 percent rPET creating a fully closed-loop packaging system

Sustainable packaging solution for fresh protein market

MAP tray made from 100 percent rPET for a sustainable, high-performance packaging, Photo: Klöckner Pentaplast

Klöckner Pentaplast (KP) has taken a remarkable step towards sustainable packaging design for the European fresh protein market with “kp Elite”, the MAP modified atmosphere tray made from 100 percent recycled PET (rPET), creating a fully closed-loop packaging system for the industry. At the heart of the new packaging is the only fully recyclable, lightweight tray made from a modified atmosphere mono-material that has been certified as 100 percent recyclable by the cross-industry Recy-Class initiative. “kp Elite” can be seamlessly integrated into existing PET recycling systems, setting a new standard for the end-to-end recyclability of protein packaging.  Plastics Recycling

The combination of the MAP tray with the new “kp Zapora padless” tray and the certified recyclable “kp FlexiLid EH 145 R” barrier film opens up new possibilities for sustainability in the protein sector and creates a fully recyclable, ready-to-box MAP solution from a single source.

Cecilia Guardado, Marketing Director, Trays, at Klöckner Pentaplast, comments: “By communicating ‘kp Elite’s’ closed loop credentials, we’re aiming to drive the fresh protein market further than ever before. Packaging circularity is one of the biggest challenges in the protein market, but when combined with our KP Tray2Tray initiative, ‘kp Elite’ takes a vital step forward in reducing waste and promoting a more resource-efficient protein packaging ecosystem.”  Plastics Recycling


MAP tray on 100 percent rPET creating a fully closed-loop packaging system

XRG Technologies and BayoTech announce partnership

XRG Technologies, a leader in fired equipment engineering and design, and BayoTech, a leader in hydrogen production, transportation, and storage solutions, have announced a new partnership to design and build a proprietary high performance reforming furnace.

In this next generation reformer design, XRG will utilise their combustion expertise and CFD modelling capabilities to tailor heat flux profiles to BayoTech’s proprietary reactor design, enabling more hydrogen production with the same energy input.

BayoTech is accelerating the hydrogen revolution through greater accessibility, starting with its first production plant in Missouri, US.

This next generation reformer furnace will be incorporated into future facilities as BayoTech establishes a network of localised hydrogen production hubs in the US. Producing on a small scale with proprietary technology, BayoTech’s goal is to make reliable, cost-effective, low-carbon hydrogen accessible today.  Plastics Recycling

XRG Technologies is focused on combining diverse expertise with advanced simulation tools to develop innovative combustion and heat transfer solutions, enabling the industry to achieve energy efficiency and environmental stewardship goals.

Tom Korb, XRG’s VP of Technology and Commercial Development, elaborated: “XRG is pleased to partner with BayoTech in our shared vision of making the hydrogen economy a reality. This partnership is especially productive because both companies operate with an innovation and first-mover mindset.  Plastics Recycling


XRG Technologies and BayoTech announce partnership

Electric car – Researchers describe a more sustainable process to recycle biobased polycarbonates 23-11-2023

Plastics Recycling

Electric car – Researchers describe a more sustainable process to recycle biobased polycarbonates 23-11-2023

Electric car

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The next generation of sustainable antimicrobial technologies

Polymers and plastics are ubiquitous in our daily lives, and are used extensively in everything from construction materials and synthetic textiles to medical devices and product packaging. As a result, these materials are frequently exposed to microorganisms, which can accumulate on product surfaces and lead to odours, staining and degradation. Unfortunately, this can result in premature disposal of these items into landfill, significantly increasing their carbon footprint, while generating substantial waste and contributing to a loss of revenue. Antimicrobial additives are a viable solution to this problem, offering long-lasting antimicrobial protection to a wide range of products to prevent microbial damage and reduce waste.  Electric car

The damaging effects of microbes

Microorganisms – such as bacteria, fungi and algae – are tiny lifeforms that exist all around us in vast quantities. They play a critical role in maintaining various ecosystems, by breaking down organic matter for conversion to new food and energy sources, and are also important in maintaining the microbiota within the human body. However, microbes can cause irreversible damage to many man-made products, leading to premature disposal or costly repairs.

Polymers like plastics, rubber and synthetic textiles are particularly susceptible to the metabolic activities of microorganisms. The enzymes and acids released by microbes can break down these substrates, causing discoloration, malodour and decay, and leading to structural and functional damage.1,2 For example, mould can build up and take root within the porous structure of polymer-based caulk used to seal bathroom tiles, leading to recurring aesthetic issues. Electric car

Frequent cleaning and scrubbing with strong chemicals – such as bleach – can, in turn, prematurely degrade the caulk. In addition, microbe-related damage to these products can also make them unsuitable for repurposing or recycling. Without the protection of antimicrobials, microbes can reduce the lifespan of the materials used to tile bathroom surfaces, and they can quickly end up in landfill.


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Chemical Recycling: The Future of Plastic Recycling in Europe

Europe’s journey towards environmental sustainability is taking a significant turn with the advancement of chemical recycling technologies. A recent study reveals that chemical recycling could contribute up to 34% to the continent’s plastic recycling efforts. This innovation, alongside mechanical recycling, is projected to elevate the overall plastic recycling rate to an impressive 80% by 2030​​.

The study, utilizing material flow analysis (MFA), focuses on the quantitative impact of chemical recycling technologies on Europe’s plastic waste management. It analyzes various scenarios, including the current state and potential future developments. The research points to a mix of recycling methods—mechanical and chemical—as the key to achieving higher recycling rates. This holistic approach is critical in tackling the growing plastic waste challenge.  Electric car

Chemical Recycling Technologies: A Game Changer

Chemical recycling involves sophisticated processes like pyrolysis coupled with distillation and hydrotreatment, as well as gasification combined with Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis. These technologies are pivotal in converting plastic waste into valuable resources, thus playing a crucial role in circular economy efforts.

Chemical recycling, together with mechanical and physical recycling processes scale-up, is vital for EU’s strategic autonomy as waste will be a valuable resource in a circular society we are building now. This is helping the plastics/chemical industry to reduce the dependance on fossil raw materials and associated carbon emissions at the end of use.

Annick Meerschman, Director Innovation in Cefic  Electric car

According to the European Commission, chemical recycling should be promoted as an additional method for processing waste that is not suitable for mechanical recycling, especially if it results in a lower environmental impact compared to incineration and the production of new plastic.

The study mentioned here does just that, highlighting the promising solution that is chemical recycling and providing evidence toward how it can significantly increase the efficacy of plastic waste management​.

The European Scenario and Future Prospects

Europe’s current plastic recycling rate is alarmingly low, prompting an urgent need for advancements in recycling technology.  Electric car

The study conducted at a European level uses material flow analysis modeling to provide estimates of chemical recycling’s contribution to enhancing plastic circularity. It models a status quo for 2018 and compares it with potential future scenarios for 2030, considering developments in both mechanical and chemical recycling technologies.


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Researchers describe a more sustainable process to recycle biobased polycarbonates

ICIQ researchers describe a more sustainable process to recycle biobased polycarbonates. Credit: ICIQ

A month ago, the European Union banned glitter. This action was part of an effort that aims to reduce the presence of microplastics in our environment by 30%. Waste plastics are a serious problem for our ecosystems, and the push for recycling plastics, in general, has gained significant attention as a potential solution.

“Circular processes for plastics represent ways to recycle chemical feedstock ideally over and over again, thereby greatly contributing to sustainability, avoiding unnecessary plastic waste accumulation and possible formation of microplastics in our eco-systems,” explains Prof. Arjan W. Kleij, Group Leader at the Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia (ICIQ-CERCA).  Electric car

All plastics are mainly made from polymers, macromolecules assembled by the union of many small molecules called monomers. Like a construction game, the ideal plastic recycling process would be the controlled degradation of these polymers into smaller products and the repolymerization of them into functional plastics.

Researchers from ICIQ now describe a circular process to depolymerize and repolymerize polycarbonates, a group of plastics often used in medical applications as surgical instruments, in building and construction as an alternative for glass, and in the automobile industry to enhance vehicle efficiency by reducing weight.

The study, led by group leaders Prof. Arjan W. Kleij and Prof. Carles Bo, in collaboration with Dr. Fernando Bravo, manager of the Knowledge and Technology Transfer (KTT) department, focuses on the use of TBD (triazabicyclodecene), a multi-task catalyst, to promote this circular process for a biobased polycarbonate. Electric car

“The cycle of polycarbonate generation, degradation towards a cyclic carbonate monomer, and re-polymerization to regenerate the polycarbonate using the same catalyst both in the degradation and in the recycling can contribute to a more sustainable circular economy, in which fewer chemicals are involved,” indicates Dr. Fernando Bravo.

The biobased polymer used in this study is formed by monomers of limonene and carbon dioxide, with the former compound extracted from the peel of citrus fruits and available in large amounts from the food industry. Poly(limonene carbonate), shortened to PLC, has an extremely low biodegradability, but chemical degradation, like the catalytic approach presented in this collaboration, can accelerate the degradation process, making it a potentially attractive process for commercial exploitation.

This summer, ICIQ presented a patent for the use of the limonene polycarbonate for adhesive and coating applications as an alternative for oil-based materials. This polymer development is now further complemented by the present discovery, demonstrating the potential of PLC as a circular material to generate plastics that can be easily recycled under practical conditions. Electric car


Electric car

Honda is intensifying its commitment to hydrogen technology, unveiling a groundbreaking fuel cell engine concept set to debut at Hydrogen Week 2023

The company’s dedication to achieving global carbon neutrality by 2050 across all operational divisions is underscored by this innovation, displayed at the Brussels Expo from November 20 to 23. This compact and potent hydrogen engine module, designed for durability and versatility, is poised to revolutionize fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) and find applications in commercial, construction machinery, and stationary power generation.

The prototype reflects Honda’s eagerness to collaborate with commercial and technology partners, urging potential associates to explore possibilities at stand I90 in Hall 7 during European Hydrogen Week. Building on existing collaborations, Honda supports various companies in the development of products within defined application areas, fostering the integration of fuel cell systems into diverse development programs. The company aims to commence commercial sales of fuel cell systems by 2025.  Electric car

Ingo Nyhues, Deputy General Manager, European Business Planning & Development at Honda Motor Europe, emphasized the company’s confidence in the imminent surge in demand for hydrogen technology, with over 30 years of experience in hydrogen cell development. The new fuel cell prototype is characterized by versatility, compactness, powerful output, durability, and quick start-up times, making it an ideal solution for sectors transitioning to zero-emission energy sources.

Identifying four key areas for its fuel cell system deployment, Honda focuses on fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) and heavy commercial vehicles, with plans to introduce the new CR-V FCEV model in North America and Japan by 2024. The company is also investing in clean, low-noise, and low-vibration fuel cell solutions for heavy-duty commercial vehicles. Honda’s collaboration with Isuzu Motors in developing a heavy-duty vehicle with a next-generation fuel cell system underscores its commitment to sustainable propulsion technologies.  Electric car

Stationary power generation is another arena where Honda aims to apply its fuel cell technology, catering to the increased power requirements of data centers and the growing demand for backup power sources. Additionally, the company is set to collaborate with the construction industry, leveraging its fuel cell systems in excavators and wheel loaders to contribute to the development of zero-emission construction machinery.

Honda’s legacy in hydrogen technology spans over three decades, with significant milestones such as the Honda FCX in 2002 and the Clarity Fuel Cell sedan in 2016.

Beyond products, Honda R&D Europe has established a green hydrogen production plant in Germany, utilizing excess solar energy to produce green hydrogen through electrolysis, further expanding the scope of applications in the energy management sector.

Honda is intensifying its commitment to hydrogen technology, unveiling a groundbreaking fuel cell engine concept set to debut at Hydrogen Week 2023

Stellantis has strategically aligned itself with CATL, a prominent Chinese company, marking a significant move towards embracing Lithium-Iron-Phosphate (LFP) batteries

This strategic shift is encapsulated in a non-binding memorandum of understanding that primarily addresses the European market.  Electric car

The document outlines plans for localizing the supply of LFP battery cells and modules, dedicated to powering Stellantis’ electric vehicles manufactured in Europe.

Furthermore, the collaboration extends to exploring the establishment of a joint venture with equal ownership stakes.

Carlos Tavares, the CEO of Stellantis, views the agreement with CATL as a pivotal element in the company’s long-term strategy aimed at ensuring the mobility of the European middle class.

Tavares emphasizes that CATL’s leadership in the sector aligns seamlessly with Stellantis’ objective to provide innovative and accessible battery technology through its renowned brands.  Electric car

This technology is envisaged to play a crucial role in achieving Stellantis’ ambitious target of achieving net-zero carbon emissions by 2030.

The memorandum sets the stage for a prolonged collaboration between CATL and Stellantis, focusing on two key strategic pillars.

Firstly, the partners will jointly develop a technology roadmap that underpins Stellantis’ battery electric vehicles, illustrating a commitment to innovation and progress. Secondly, the memorandum underscores the intent to identify opportunities that will fortify the entire battery value chain.

Robin Zeng, the President and General Manager of CATL, expresses satisfaction in elevating the collaboration with Stellantis to new heights.  Electric car

Zeng recognizes the synergy between Stellantis’ automotive manufacturing expertise and CATL’s cutting-edge battery technology as a decisive step for both companies in their pursuit of carbon neutrality goals.

The partnership, as Zeng asserts, signifies a commitment to offering increasingly competitive and sustainable solutions, contributing to the global energy transition.

In essence, the Stellantis-CATL collaboration on LFP batteries signifies a bold strategic move, positioning both companies at the forefront of sustainable and innovative solutions in the electric vehicle sector. Electric car

Stellantis has strategically aligned itself with CATL, a prominent Chinese company, marking a significant move towards embracing Lithium-Iron-Phosphate (LFP) batteries

The electric car, once hailed as the harbinger of a green revolution in transportation, now reveals a tapestry of contradictions that challenges its claim to sustainability

The narrative that electric vehicles (EVs) mitigate environmental damage by eliminating emissions is overshadowed by the complex web of issues arising from their production.

While electric cars strive to reduce tailpipe emissions, their manufacturing process raises alarming concerns. The extraction and transportation of essential materials such as nickel, lithium, manganese, and cobalt cast a dark shadow over the purported eco-friendliness of EVs. For instance, nickel production in Indonesia has led to deforestation and water pollution, depriving local communities of clean drinking water. The extensive supply chain for these materials adds another layer of opacity, making it nearly impossible to trace their origin accurately.Electric car

Moreover, the exploitation of mine workers, often with minimal rights, poses ethical dilemmas, with reports highlighting dangerous working conditions and, in some instances, the involvement of child labor, particularly in African countries.

Even in advanced nations like Germany, the much-touted Tesla factory exposed the pitfalls of the energy transition. Environmental challenges linked to the production process of electric cars are not confined to developing regions; they permeate even the most developed economies, revealing systemic contradictions.

The push for an all-electric future by the European Union, with a mandate to cease internal combustion engine sales by 2035, demands careful consideration of the inherent contradictions in the electric car sector. Blindly embracing such a monumental shift without addressing the underlying issues risks a counterproductive outcome. A recent survey underscored a paradox where consumers express a desire for electric cars but hesitate to make the purchase. This incongruity underscores the need for greater transparency in the production of EVs, emphasizing that the challenges lie not in the technology itself but in the unregulated practices within the sector.  Electric car

As the world navigates toward a sustainable future, a comprehensive and critical examination of the electric car industry is imperative. Electric car

Technological progress must be accompanied by a paradigm shift in the mindset of both consumers and manufacturers, emphasizing ethical production practices and environmental responsibility. Without such concerted efforts, the promise of a green transportation revolution may remain elusive, marred by the hidden costs and contradictions of the electric car industry.

Packaging specialist Alpla is investing in Morocco and planning expansion

By acquiring a majority stake in the packaging company Atlantic Packaging and establishing a joint venture with the previous sole owner Diana Holding, Alpla Group is expanding its presence in North Africa. In addition to PET preforms for the beverage industry for the regional markets in the Maghreb and for Western Africa, Alpla Morocco also produces plastic pallets by injection moulding and packaging films by extrusion at its modern plant in Tangier. Currently, 32 people are employed at the site.

Alpla Morocco’s preform capacity has already been tripled in 2023 by two additional preform production lines.  Electric car

In the coming years, the company intends to increasing the portfolio of the Moroccan site through further local activities, potentially including bottle and closure production. This initiative aims to establish the groundwork for growth and sustainable packaging solutions in the North Western African Region.

In addition to its packaging subsidiary, Diana Holding is primarily active in the agro-industrial sector. Through this joint venture, the family-run group is claimed to strengthen its packaging division, which was founded in 2007, by capitalising on its substantial bottling experience garnered over nearly 50 years as the former Coca-Cola Company bottler in the northern region of Morocco.

The approximately 12,000 m2 plant in the free trade zone of Tangier is to be expanded in stages over the coming years. More than 20,000 m2 of space is available for future expansion.  Electric car

In the first stage, Alpla Morocco has tripled its production capacity from the current 100 million preforms to around 300 million units per year. To this end, the company is investing in two new PET preform production lines.


Packaging specialist Alpla is investing in Morocco and planning expansion

Biodegradable Polymers – LyondellBasell to Build Industrial-scale Advanced Recycling Plant in Germany 22-11-2023

Biodegradable Polymers

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LyondellBasell to Build Industrial-scale Advanced Recycling Plant in Germany

LyondellBasell (LYB) today announced it has made the final investment decision to build the company’s first industrial-scale catalytic advanced recycling demonstration plant at its Wesseling, Germany, site. Using LyondellBasell’s proprietary MoReTec technology, this plant will be the first commercial scale, single-train advanced recycling plant to convert post-consumer plastic waste into feedstock for production of new plastic materials that can be ran at net zero GHG emissions. The new plant is expected to have an annual capacity of 50,000 tonnes per year and is designed to recycle the amount of plastic packaging waste generated by over 1.2 million German citizens per year. Construction is planned to be completed by the end of 2025.  Biodegradable Polymers

“We are committed to addressing the global challenge of plastic waste and advancing a circular economy, and today’s announcement is another meaningful step in that direction,” says Peter Vanacker, LYB CEO. “Scaling up our catalytic advanced recycling technology will allow us to return larger volumes of plastic waste back into the value chain. By doing this, we will have the ability to produce more materials for high-quality applications, retaining value of plastics for as long as possible.”

The LYB MoReTec demonstration plant will close the gap for difficult to recycle plastics, such as mixed or flexible materials that are currently sent to landfill or incineration. Source One Plastics, a joint venture of LYB and 23 Oaks Investments formed in October 2022, will supply the majority of the sorted processed feedstock. The advanced recycled feedstock produced by the MoReTec facility will be used for the production of polymers sold by LYB under the  CirculenRevive product line for use in a wide range of applications, including medical and food packaging.

The MoReTec difference

The MoReTec technology produces pyrolysis oil and pyrolysis gas. Pyrolysis oil is a substitute for fossil-based materials used in polymer production.  Typically, pyrolysis gas streams are consumed as a fuel, however, the MoReTec technology enables the pyrolysis gas to be recovered as well, contributing to the production of polymer and displacing fossil-based feedstocks, which lowers direct CO2 emissions. Biodegradable Polymers

In addition, the proprietary catalyst technology lowers the process temperature, reduces energy consumption and improves yield.  With lower energy consumption, the process can be powered by electricity, including electricity from renewable sources at net zero GHG emissions.

These differentiating advantages provide a carbon footprint advantage as well. The recovery of pyrolysis gas as feedstock, lower energy demand, electrical heating design, displacement of fossil-feedstocks, and recovery of waste plastic from incineration or landfill result in a significantly lower carbon footprint compared with fossil-based processes. This makes MoReTec a unique value proposition. Biodegradable Polymers

Biodegradable Polymers

Polestar has officially confirmed the integration of super-fast-charging XFC batteries in its electric cars, solidifying a partnership with StoreDot

Scheduled for availability in 2027, the collaboration promises groundbreaking charging capabilities. While previous speculations hinted at this development, Polestar has now formalized the agreement.

In an unprecedented move, Polestar has entered into an exclusive agreement with StoreDot, an Israeli firm renowned for its expertise in rapid battery charging.

StoreDot recently completed the production of initial XFC (Extreme Fast Charging) battery prototypes and distributed them to 15 automakers for testing.

Polestar, as the pioneering adopter, is set to receive XFC batteries capable of recharging its electric vehicles in just 10 minutes.  Biodegradable Polymers

This revolutionary battery technology is anticipated to debut in Polestar models by 2027, marking a significant advancement in electric vehicle charging efficiency.

Polestar’s CEO, Thomas Ingenlath, expressed enthusiasm about the partnership, stating that StoreDot’s technology will enable rapid recharging of their electric cars within minutes.

Echoing this sentiment, StoreDot’s CEO emphasized the shifting concern from range anxiety to charging anxiety, emphasizing the growing demand for electric vehicles with swift recharge capabilities.

To validate the real-world performance of XFC batteries, StoreDot is actively collaborating with Polestar to integrate the systems into production vehicles and ensure optimal functionality beyond the confines of the laboratory.  Biodegradable Polymers

The remarkable endurance of XFC batteries, demonstrated by consistent 10% to 80% charging in just 10 minutes for over 1,000 cycles without significant performance degradation, underscores the potential of this innovative technology.

Biodegradable Polymers

SANTONI Finalizes Acquisition Of Terrot, A Pivotal Realignment Of The Circular Knitting Machine Industry

Santoni Shanghai Knitting Machinery Co., Ltd., made an appearance at the ITMA Asia + CITME, and is honored to announce that it has received regulatory approval from Chinese authorities for its proposed acquisition of Terrot GmbH, a manufacturer of circular knitting machines in Germany.

The acquisition represents a pivotal step in Santoni’s strategy to advance the circular knitting machine industry. The integration of Terrot into the Santoni ecosystem is projected to increase Santoni’s production capacity and boost its market share, and in conjunction with other strategic objectives, firmly solidify Santoni’s position as the leading manufacturer in the industry, with unrivaled scale, depth of innovation and expertise.

Seeking to meet rising demand for high-end circular knitting products, Santoni has pursued an Ecosystem Strategy in recent years, aiming to unify a highly fragmented industry and enhance innovation, sustainability and digitalization to more effectively meet market needs.  Biodegradable Polymers

The deployment of both parties’ latest innovation practices, textile automation offerings, integrated enterprise services, C2M solutions, and a platform for designers “Materialliance”, will allow Santoni Shanghai and Terrot to connect and bridge demand and offer of circular knitted products, delivering substantial added value to clients.

By incorporating Terrot’s offerings, particularly in the double jersey and jacquard sector, Santoni stands to gain a competitive edge in offering high-efficiency machines known for their superior performance, low maintenance, and cost-effectiveness. Highlighting this shift, Terrot’s patented UCC 572-T will be showcased during ITMA Asia + CITME in the Santoni’s Shanghai premises. This state of the art high-feeder transfer jacquard machine for sports and leisurewear in fine gauges will offer a glimpse into the potential of future collaboration.  Biodegradable Polymers

“I am very excited about today’s announcement,” said Gianpietro Belotti, CEO of Santoni Shanghai. The acquisition of Terrot, including the reputable Pilotelli brand, will allow us to deliver on our commitment to building a stronger, more consolidated global ecosystem capable of yielding a sustained competitive advantage in the circular knitting machine industry. Looking ahead, we aim to cultivate an even more extensive talent pool and solutions portfolio, creating synergies that empower us to deliver a superior knitting experience to our customers.”


Biodegradable Polymers

Aloxe inaugurates its new recycled PET plastic manufacturing plant in Messein, France

On November 16th, 2023, Aloxe inaugurated its new recycled PET plastic manufacturing plant in Messein. Aloxe’s €25 million investment in this new plant provides a practical, tried-and-tested technological solution that responds immediately to the major challenges of reusing and recycling single-use foodgrade plastic bottles and, more broadly to the environmental transition in France and Europe.  Biodegradable Polymers

On November 16th, 2023, Aloxe inaugurated its new recycled PET plastic manufacturing plant in Messein (Meurthe-et-Moselle), in the presence of Julien Le Goff, Deputy Prefect, Secretary-General of Meurthe-et-Moselle Prefecture, Dominique Potier, MP for Meurthe-et-Moselle, Philippe Bolo, MP for Maine-et-Loire and an expert in this field, Audrey Bardot, VP of Meurthe-et-Moselle Departmental Council, Filipe Pinho, Chairman of the Moselle-Madon Federation of Municipalities, and Daniel Lagrange, Mayor of Messein.

Aloxe’s €25 million investment in this new plant provides a practical, tried-and-tested technological solution that responds immediately to the major challenges of reusing and recycling single-use foodgrade plastic bottles and, more broadly to the environmental transition in France and Europe. In a mere two years, Aloxe has consolidated and accelerated its industrial development in France by opening the largest recycled PET manufacturing plant in the country, increasing its production capacity from 12.5 kt to 50 kt. In 2024, Aloxe will be independent leader in Recycled PET in Europe, with a 120kt capacity in France, Poland and Italy.  Biodegradable Polymers


Aloxe inaugurates its new recycled PET plastic manufacturing plant in Messein, France

New Method Converts Mixed Plastics Into Biodegradable Polymers

In a groundbreaking development, researchers have introduced a novel method for converting mixed plastics, comprising both traditional and bio-based polymers, into biodegradable alternatives. Traditional recycling processes face challenges when dealing with bio-based plastics like polylactic acid (PLA), as their visual and textural similarity to conventional petroleum-based plastics often leads well-intentioned recyclers to place them in the wrong streams, hindering proper decomposition in composters.

Addressing this issue, a collaborative effort between Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), the Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI), and X—the moonshot incubator under Alphabet—has resulted in a “one-pot” technique. This innovative approach utilizes naturally sourced salt solutions and specific microbes within a single container to catalyze the disintegration of mixed plastics into individual molecules called monomers. Subsequently, microbes ferment these monomers, yielding a new form of biodegradable polymer suitable for crafting various products.  Biodegradable Polymers

The simplicity of this method not only sidesteps the intricate separation process but also promises to enhance the environmental impact of the final product. This breakthrough could revolutionize recycling practices, allowing consumers to mix plastic waste without concern. Beyond simplifying recycling, the team envisions a future where bacteria metabolizing plastic monomers can be harnessed for the bio-based production of valuable goods, such as biofuels or pharmaceuticals.

While the researchers, including the recognized engineer Dou, are currently experimenting with different organic salt catalysts to optimize their method’s efficiency and cost-effectiveness, the ultimate goal is to scale up the process for real-world applications in recycling facilities. Biodegradable Polymers

Their recent paper demonstrated the viability of the approach through bench-scale experiments involving common plastics like polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and PLA, showcasing the potential for transforming the approximately 8.3 billion tons of plastic waste in landfills into valuable and sustainable products.

New Method Converts Mixed Plastics Into Biodegradable Polymers

Clariant inaugurates flame retardants plant in China

Clariant formally launched its state-of-the-art manufacturing site for halogen-free flame retardants in Daya Bay, Huizhou, China, said the company.

The USD67 M investment into the site’s first manufacturing line will offer domestic customers with access to new and sustainable Exolit OP flame retardants and associated technical knowhow to back the significant increase of engineering plastics uses in the electrical & electronics and e-mobility segments.

A second line is being constructed and predicted to come online in 2024, representing another investment worth USD44 M.  Biodegradable Polymers

The new facility will manufacture the company’s international series of patent-protected organo-phosphorus flame retardants and supports the capacity of the firm’s two Exolit OP sites in Knapsack, Germany. The team at the One Clariant Campus in Shanghai will back customers in co-development and in-application evaluation.

The site is run by 100 workers and is situated within the Huizhou Daya Bay Economic and Technological Development Zone (Daya Bay Chem Park) in Guangdong Province. The Daya Bay site of Clariant uses green electricity, allowing a significant decrease in Scope 2 (CO2) emissions.

Clariant inaugurates flame retardants plant in China

DOE to award up to $3.5B more to support domestic battery manufacturing

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced up to $3.5 billion from the Infrastructure Law to boost domestic production of advanced batteries and battery materials nationwide.

The high-capacity battery supply chain consists of five main steps including: (1) raw material production; (2) materials processing including material refinement and processing; (3) battery material /component manufacturing and cell fabrication; (4) battery pack and end use product manufacturing, and (5) battery end-of-life and recycling. This FOA aims to reach across both the midstream and downstream segments of the battery supply chain, supporting both midstream battery materials and component manufacturing, as well as subsequent cell manufacturing and end of life recycling.

This investment, which includes a focus on retaining and creating good-paying union jobs in the manufacturing workforce, is administered by DOE’s Office of Manufacturing and Energy Supply Chains (MESC).  Biodegradable Polymers

With the demand for electric vehicles (EVs) and stationary storage alone projected to increase the size of the lithium battery market by five- to ten-fold by the end of the decade, it is essential that the United States invests in the capacity to accelerate the development of a resilient supply chain for high-capacity batteries, including non-lithium batteries, the DOE said.


DOE to award up to $3.5B more to support domestic battery manufacturing

Plastic recycled – Judge says Ottawa listing plastic items as toxic was ‘unreasonable and unconstitutional’ 21-11-2023

Biodegradable Polymers

Plastic recycled – Judge says Ottawa listing plastic items as toxic was ‘unreasonable and unconstitutional’ 21-11-2023

Plastic recycled

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In the picturesque town of Frauenfeld, Switzerland, a groundbreaking development is underway at Müller Recycling AG, where the age-old practice of sorting PET beverage bottles is taking a leap into the future

With a legacy spanning over three decades, the company has been a stalwart in the recycling industry, witnessing the evolution of sorting systems since 2004. Now, on the cusp of 2024, the torchbearers of sustainability are ushering in a new era with the installation of the latest generation of sorting modules, propelled by the innovative prowess of artificial intelligence.

The avant-garde sorting system, a brainchild of Swiss engineering excellence by Borema Umwelttechnik AG, marks a paradigm shift by integrating artificial intelligence into the intricate dance of segregating PET bottles from extraneous materials while discerning subtle differences in color. The fundamental premise is clear: the more precise the separation, the higher the quality of the recycled PET that emerges from the amalgamated raw material.  Plastic recycled

In the quest for optimal efficiency and precision, Müller Recycling AG has harnessed the power of artificial intelligence, a first in their storied history. Augmenting the capabilities of the latest laser and near-infrared sensors, the AI-driven system brings an unprecedented level of accuracy to the sorting process. Astonishingly, the new system boasts an impressive throughput of up to 49 bottles per second, with a claimed accuracy rate of 99.96 percent. This leap in efficiency not only underscores the commitment to technological advancement but also positions Müller Recycling AG as a frontrunner in sustainable practices within the recycling landscape.  Plastic recycled

However, the journey towards environmental responsibility doesn’t stop at advanced sorting technologies. In a move to amplify the eco-friendliness of PET recycling, Müller Recycling AG has adorned its sorting hall and all other operational spaces with photovoltaic modules. This strategic implementation allows the facilities to harness the power of solar energy, contributing significantly to the electricity requirements of the cutting-edge PET sorting plant. By embracing renewable energy sources, Müller Recycling AG aligns itself with the broader goal of minimizing its carbon footprint and fostering a greener, more sustainable future.  Plastic recycled

As the hum of machinery and the meticulous dance of artificial intelligence converge in the sorting halls of Frauenfeld, Switzerland, Müller Recycling AG stands at the forefront of an environmental revolution. This convergence of cutting-edge technology and sustainable practices not only elevates the efficiency of PET recycling but also serves as a testament to the company’s unwavering commitment to environmental stewardship.

In an industry where every bottle sorted is a step towards a cleaner planet, Müller Recycling AG’s integration of artificial intelligence becomes more than a technological marvel—it becomes a beacon illuminating the path towards a circular economy where innovation and sustainability coalesce for a better tomorrow. Plastic recycled

For those intrigued by the intersection of technology and environmental responsibility, a visit to PET Recycling Schweiz and Müller Recycling AG promises a firsthand glimpse into the future of recycling—one where artificial intelligence is not just a tool but a catalyst for transformative change.

Plastic recycled

Electric cars, Polestar will be the first to fit rechargeable batteries in 10 minutes

In a groundbreaking development set to reshape the landscape of electric vehicles (EVs), Polestar, a prominent player in the zero-emission car realm under the Volvo umbrella, is poised to spearhead a transformative shift by integrating rechargeable batteries capable of achieving a remarkable 10-minute charging time. This paradigm-shifting innovation is expected to be implemented starting in 2027 and represents a pivotal stride in overcoming a longstanding impediment to the widespread adoption of electric cars—the prolonged wait times for recharging.  Plastic recycled

The realm of electric vehicles has undergone remarkable evolution since the introduction of zero-emission cars, with constant advancements pushing the boundaries of what was once deemed unattainable. Polestar, aligning with its commitment to cutting-edge technology, is set to usher in a new era with ultra-fast charging batteries that promise an unprecedented acceleration in charging speeds. Developed by the Israeli company StoreDot, a pioneer in ultra-fast charging battery technology, these batteries, known as XFC (Extreme Fast Charging), are designed to propel electric vehicles from a 10% charge to 80% in an astonishingly brief 10-minute timeframe.

The critical breakthrough offered by these batteries is poised to address one of the primary challenges hindering the widespread adoption of electric cars—the protracted waiting periods for recharging. StoreDot, having initially unveiled its XFC technology, embarked on collaborative efforts with 15 car manufacturers, with Volvo emerging as a privileged partner committed to contributing to the development of this groundbreaking innovation starting in 2024. Plastic recycled

The logical progression of this collaboration has led to Polestar becoming the inaugural automaker to officially incorporate StoreDot’s XFC batteries into its vehicles. An official agreement has been inked, solidifying the supply of these cutting-edge batteries for the first models expected to hit the market in 2027. This strategic move is anticipated to significantly mitigate the inconvenience associated with extended charging durations, positioning Polestar at the forefront of electric vehicle innovation.

Although the 2027 timeline may appear distant, the integration of StoreDot’s XFC batteries into production vehicles demands meticulous testing and seamless integration. StoreDot faces the challenge of ensuring the functionality of its batteries not only in controlled laboratory environments but also through rigorous real-world testing scenarios—a crucial litmus test for any automotive component.

The collaboration between Polestar and StoreDot underscores a shared commitment to addressing a persistent bottleneck in the electric vehicle landscape. StoreDot’s XFC batteries have already demonstrated remarkable endurance, sustaining rapid charging capabilities from 10% to 80% over 1,000 cycles without significant performance degradation. Plastic recycled

As the collaboration progresses, the technological synergy between the two entities aims to culminate in a revolutionary leap forward in electric vehicle charging, promising a future where the inconvenience of extended charging times becomes a relic of the past. StoreDot is concurrently exploring even more advanced battery technologies, with plans to introduce the XFC “100in3” in 2028—an endeavor that further solidifies the commitment to pushing the boundaries of electric vehicle technology.

Plastic recycled

LyondellBasell Collaborates on First Paving Project Using Recycled Plastic

Both LyondellBasell and Plastics Industry Association (PLASTICS) have goals to bring solutions to global challenges, such as helping eliminate and reducing plastic waste. Recently, both organizations came together on a project that has turned the equivalent of 71,000 plastic retail bags into the paving material of a repaved parking lot at the Cincinnati Technology Center in Ohio. This 2,885 square yard lot was made up of over 4,000 pounds of plastic waste and was the first installation of the New End Market Opportunities (NEMO) for Film Asphalt Project.  Plastic recycled

The NEMO Recycled PE project was launched in 2017 in Washington state and aims to better understand the different streams of polyethylene films and identify end-market opportunities for recycled films. The NEMO Asphalt Working Group initiated research on the use of recycled polyethylene (rPE) film blends in asphalt. With a focus on extending the life of plastic waste, this research project if successful, could be used in paving an even larger parking lot using 20,000 pounds of rPE or the equivalent of 1.5 million plastic grocery bags.

“Through this unique project, the LyondellBasell team demonstrates how all plastic can and should be used to its highest potential,” said PLASTICS’ President and CEO Tony Radoszewski.  Plastic recycled

The Cincinnati Technology center assists customers in meeting their business and sustainability goals by developing the most efficient and effective polymer materials required for product performance.  LyondellBasell partnered with Colas Solutions, the National Center for Asphalt Technology (NCAT), and Barrett Paving Materials Inc., to bring the project to life.

“LyondellBasell is taking a leadership position in sustainability, and this is one step of many that affirms our commitment in playing an active role,” said Chuck Holland, Site Manager of the Cincinnati Technology Center.


LyondellBasell Collaborates on First Paving Project Using Recycled Plastic

The Italian masterbatches hub is born

The emergence of the Italian masterbatches hub takes a significant stride as Koinos Capital completes the acquisition of Pavia-based Masterbatch, marking another strategic move following the takeover of Milanese Ultrabatch in July.

This development culminates in the formation of the Impact Formulators Group, positioning itself as a robust entity in the masterbatch formulation landscape.

With an eye on further expansion, additional operations are on the horizon for the burgeoning group. Plastic recycled

Masterbatch, established in 2003 and situated in Casei Gerola within the province of Pavia, stands as a key player in the field.

Led by founders Maurizio Garbelli and Stefano Battaini, the company focuses on the production of additive masterbatch primarily tailored for flame retardancy in construction and electrical cable sectors.

Additionally, Masterbatch manufactures nucleating concentrates and combibatches, seamlessly blending additives and colors.

The company’s 2,500 m2 facility in Casei Gerola boasts an annual production capacity of 1,700 tonnes, generating a turnover of 12.5 million euros, half of which is derived from international markets, notably Germany and France.  Plastic recycled

With an impressive average annual growth rate of 18%, Masterbatch has established itself as a force to be reckoned with in recent years.

The amalgamation of Masterbatch with Ultrabatch, which became part of the group just four months ago, propels Impact Formulators Group to a formidable 40 million euros in turnover. Plastic recycled

The ambitious vision includes doubling this figure by 2025 through a combination of organic growth strategies and strategic acquisitions within the sector.

Francesco Fumagalli, Founding Partner of Koinos Capital, emphasizes the tangible realization of their vision through the Masterbatch acquisition, solidifying the group’s position as an Italian industrial powerhouse with global aspirations.

Fumagalli lauds the collaboration with entrepreneurs Maurizio Garbelli and Stefano Battaini, underscoring their shared commitment to building a dynamic project by leveraging collective know-how, assets, networks, and commercial strength.

Looking ahead, Fumagalli reveals plans for additional operations in the sector, with a keen focus on color masterbatch and additives for PET, technopolymers, and polyolefins.

Ultrabatch, founded in 2003 in Castano Primo, Milan, specializes in formulating masterbatches for applications in the agricultural and industrial sectors.

Achieving a turnover of over 30 million euros last year, Ultrabatch maintains an annual growth rate of 10% since 2017, with 40% of its production distributed internationally, particularly in Europe and North Africa. Plastic recycled

The synergy between Ultrabatch and Masterbatch positions Impact Formulators Group as a formidable force in the ever-evolving masterbatch formulation industry.

The Italian masterbatches hub is born

Judge says Ottawa listing plastic items as toxic was ‘unreasonable and unconstitutional’

A Federal Court judge has ruled that a federal government decision to list plastic items as toxic was “unreasonable and unconstitutional.”

In a ruling released Thursday, Justice Angela Furlanetto wrote that the category of plastic manufactured items was too broad to be given a blanket toxicity label under federal law.

“There is no reasonable apprehension that all listed [plastic manufactured items] are harmful,” Furlanetto wrote. Plastic recycled

The case was brought forward by a group of major industrial players in plastics, including Dow Chemical, Imperial Oil and Nova Chemicals. They argued that Ottawa failed to demonstrate it had enough scientific evidence to justify the regulations.

Environment Minister Steven Guilbeault said the federal government is reviewing Thursday’s decision and is “strongly considering an appeal.”

“Canadians have been loud and clear that they want action to keep plastic out of our environment,” he said in a statement posted on X, formerly Twitter. “That’s what we’ll keep fighting for.”

The move to list plastic items as toxic was a key step that allowed Ottawa to proceed with a ban on some single-use plastic items. Those regulations will prohibit the sale of plastic checkout bags, cutlery, food service ware, stir sticks and straws in Canada after December 20.  Plastic recycled

Lindsay Beck, a lawyer who acted on behalf of environmental groups that intervened in the case, called Thursday’s decision “disappointing.”

“We know that plastic pollution is one of the major environmental crises of our time and this [ruling] really hampers the federal government’s ability to come to grips with this crisis,” Beck told CBC News.

Regulating waste management is generally a provincial responsibility. The government is only able to regulate substances for environmental protection if they are listed as toxic under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act.

But Furlanetto wrote that adding a broad category of plastics to the list went beyond the rules of the Act.  Plastic recycled

“Not every item within [the plastic manufactured items category] has the potential to create a reasonable apprehension of harm,” Furlanetto wrote.

The judge also wrote that Ottawa’s decision “poses a threat to the balance of federalism” because it didn’t restrict its regulations to those plastics that have “potential to cause harm to the environment.”

Judge says Ottawa listing plastic items as toxic was 'unreasonable and unconstitutional'

Covestro Forges Multiple Strategic Partnerships with Carmakers in China

Article-Covestro Forges Multiple Strategic Partnerships with Carmakers in China

The alliances target the use of polycarbonate in display, headlight, and sensor applications, and the deployment of polyurethane in auto interiors and batteries.

While economic growth in China may be decelarating, Covestro is accelerating its activities on the mainland through strategic partnerships in the automotive sector with several local players. Three such tie-ups were announced at the recent China International Import Expo (CIIE) in Shanghai.  Plastic recycled

First, Covestro formalized a strategic partnership aimed at advancing vehicle display technologies with Changzhou Talent-display Optronics & Technology (CTOT), which focuses on the enhanced application of specialized polycarbonate (PC) films to improve vehicle displays.

As automobile technology continues to progress in areas like integration, intelligence, electrification, and data connectivity, the importance of displays as an interface for human-vehicle interaction is growing. Manufacturers not only need to ensure the reliability of these displays but offer flexibility in design to accommodate the rapid changes in new-energy vehicles. In response, Covestro has teamed up with CTOT, a leading manufacturer of backlight modules, to explore tangible solutions. The partnership has already led to the release of Makrofol LM807, a high-quality PC light guide plate material designed for vehicle displa future mobility challenges  Plastic recycled

The second partnership unveiled at CIIE was the establishment of a joint laboratory with Chinese premium electric vehicle brand HiPhi to address key challenges in future mobility. The joint lab will mainly focus on the commercialization of low-carbon materials in future EV models and the establishment of relevant standards, as well as the development of next-generation smart-surface technologies and battery solutions. This initiative builds upon a cooperation agreement signed between the two companies at the CIIE last year.

As EVs becomes increasingly smarter, headlights present new opportunities beyond illumination, according to Covestro. The headlight lenses on the HiPhi Y, for example, are transformed into a projector to display signs and patterns in front of the vehicle, creating an interactive interface with pedestrians and other vehicles. Covestro’s high optical performance Makrolon AL offers the needed dimensional stability, UV resistance, and transparency required for this application.  Plastic recycled

Further, in the HiPhi Y’s LiDAR lenses, the Makrolon AX portfolio demonstrates superior performance compared to glass, including infrared transmittance, the ability to shape curved surfaces, and impact resistance against stone chips. The materials can also endure the working environment of LiDAR at temperatures reaching 115°C for extended periods.

Polyurethane on the inside

Covestro’s third initiative announced at CIIE was a global partnership with Chinese automotive trim company Xinquan Automotive to strengthen the latter’s business in China and support Xinquan’s expansion into North America, Europe, and ASEAN countries. The material focus will be on polyurethane (PU), initially for automotive interior applications, such as instrument panels, door panels, and center armrests. Expanding on the technical collaboration, Covestro and Xinquan will also harness Covestro’s global R&D capabilities to develop low-carbon PU solutions for vehicle interiors by using partially bio-based raw materials.  Plastic recycled

The cooperation also extends to the development of PU applications for electric vehicle battery packs.


Covestro Forges Multiple Strategic Partnerships with Carmakers in China

Verkor marks new milestone in future of sustainable mobility, laying the foundation stone of its Gigafactory

Verkor, joined by the Prime Minister and other members of Government, laid the foundation stone of its Gigafactory aimed to produce low carbon, high-performance electric batteries for sustainable mobility. An event made possible by the European Commission’s validation of French support of 659 million euros for Verkor’s development activities and direct and indirect support for the project of up to €600 million from the European Investment Bank, subject to final approval, as part of the €2 billion financing package announced by Verkor last September.In the presence of Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne, Minister of Energy Transition Agnès Pannier-Runacher, Delegate Minister of Housing and President of the Urban Community of Dunkirk, Patrice Vergriete, President of the Hauts-de-France region Xavier Bertrand and Ambroise Fayolle, Vice-President of the EIB, Verkor officially inaugurated the construction of the Gigafactory located in Dunkirk. The event highlights Verkor’s determination to advance quickly and concretely develop a European, resilient and sustainable battery value chain.  Plastic recycled

Verkor’s Gigafactory will be operational by 2025 with an initial production capacity of 16GWh/year. Located in the Port of Dunkirk, it will contribute to the creation of approximately 1200 jobs and 3000 indirect jobs. The industrial project positions Verkor as a major partner for mobility and stationary storage players, developing high-performance, low-carbon batteries in Europe, in favour of the energy transition.

The construction of this European production site for high-density, high-performance, low carbon batteries for electric vehicles and stationary storage is made possible through the financial support of multiple stakeholders.

Last September, Verkor announced the company had secured 2 billion euros in funding through a Series-C of €850m, direct and indirect banking support for the project of up to €600m from the European Investment Bank (subject to final approval), and national subsidies of approximately €650m recently approved by the European Commission in the context of the state aid framework for research and development and innovation (RDI framework).  Plastic recycled


Verkor marks new milestone in future of sustainable mobility, laying the foundation stone of its Gigafactory

Blue hydrogen – Semi-solid state batteries: a better alternative to solid state ones? 20-11-2023

Plastic recycled

Blue hydrogen – Semi-solid state batteries: a better alternative to solid state ones? 20-11-2023

Blue hydrogen

Petrochemicals textile – Electric brakes, devoid of a hydraulic system, herald a groundbreaking revolution 


Blue hydrogen

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Circular Polymers by Ascend and ReDefyne experts highlight expanded options for post-consumer recycled nylons, PET and PP

CP’s business director will share learnings at Compounding World Expo

Recycling post-consumer nylons for high-performance applications is possible – and achievable with high product consistency and low energy consumption. Circular Polymers by Ascend leader Maria Field has been tapped by Compounding World Expo to show attendees the possibilities.  Blue hydrogen

In her talk titled “Nylon Recycling: A Circularity Story,” Field will discuss how mechanical recycling can convert end-of-life carpet back into usable nylon 6,6 or nylon 6, without the use of added water. With Circular Polymers’ recycling technology, these materials can find new life as fibers or pellets used in new applications, including high-performance engineered materials. The company also recycles polypropylene, PET and calcium carbonate from carpet.

“Recycling carpet has never been more efficient or effective,” Field says. “At Circular Polymers, our proprietary process allows us to convert landfill-bound carpet into feedstocks for materials that go into finished goods such as automobiles, electric vehicles, furniture, household appliances and more.”  Blue hydrogen

Field’s presentation is scheduled for 2:40 p.m. Nov. 15 at Compounding World Expo Theater Two in Cleveland, Ohio. The show runs Nov. 15-16, and Circular Polymers will co-exhibit with its parent company, Ascend Performance Materials, in Stand A-1208.

Ascend experts will be on-hand to discuss ReDefyne™, a line of post-consumer and post-industrial recycled compounds designed for demanding applications, such as under the hood of autos and in electric vehicles.  Blue hydrogen

Circular Polymers by Ascend, a leading recycler of post-consumer carpet, provides the feedstocks for ReDefyne production. It also offers recycled fibers and pellets as feedstocks for compounds and injection molding applications. Earlier this year the company launched Cerene™, a line of recycled polymers and materials.

Ascend Performance Materials, a fully integrated producer of durable high-performance materials, is known for its innovations in nylon 6,6. Cerene continues that legacy with offerings in nylon 6,6 while also bringing to market recycled polymers such as nylon 6, PET and PP.

“Customers around the globe are seeking consistent and reliable post-consumer recycled materials,” said Maria Field, business director of Circular Polymers by Ascend. “All our feedstocks and Cerene materials come from a mechanical recycling process that minimizes carbon footprint and environmental impact.”  Blue hydrogen

Circular Polymers by Ascend has redirected 85 million pounds of carpet from landfills into new goods in its California facility since 2018. Industry recognition includes the Plastic Industry Sustainability Innovation award, Innovation Showcase award from the Association of Plastic Recyclers, Arrow Award from the California Product Stewardship Council and Processor of the Year award from the Carpet America Recovery Effort.

Ascend has published its 2030 Vision, a set of nine sustainability targets including a target to reduce waste by 40% and reduce its scope 1 emissions by 90%. The company recently announced two new efforts to reduce the carbon footprint of its products.


Blue hydrogen

World’s largest plastic sorting facility promises a trashy revolution

A new state-of-the-art plastic sorting facility, the largest of its kind in the world, has been launched in Sweden. It’s big enough to receive almost all plastic waste from Swedish households. The technology could have implications for Australian governments and companies, who have been increasingly embracing the push to go green.

This factory is all about plastic.  Blue hydrogen

Chocolate wrappers, plastic bags, yoghurt containers and white polystyrene boxes are making their way across a 60,000 square metre complex – to be broken down, separated by size, and sorted in a fully automated process.

Mattias Philipsson is the CEO of Sweden Plastic Recycling.

“This what the end result looks like. Here we have each plastic type separately sorted. Here we have ketchup bottles. Here we have a creme fraiche packaging. Here we have a lot of candy wrappers. Here we have rigid, different plastics. And everything is sorted separately, so it can be recycled separately.”

The new plant is called Site Zero, built to receive 200,000 tons of plastic household waste a year Blue hydrogen

While there isn’t yet a market for each type of plastic they sort, upcoming EU legislation is set to require new plastic packaging to contain at least 35 percent recycled material.

The legislation is part of a worldwide push to tackle what Robert Blasiak from the Stockholm Resilience Centre says is a massive plastics pollution problem.

“To date, about 8 billion metric tons of plastic have been produced globally. It’s basically about one metric ton for every person alive today. In most of the world, there aren’t waste management facilities equipped to deal with that scale of plastic pollution… It’s thought that only about 9 percent of that has been recycled, about 12 percent has been incinerated and about 79 percent has entered the natural environment into the ocean, into landfills, into waterways. It’s still with us.”

There’s been a worldwide push for sustainability and a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, and some signs at the grassroots level that the green message is getting through.  Blue hydrogen

In Stockholm, a supermarket called ICA is stocking a grey detergent bottle made from Site Zero’s recycled materials.

ICA packaging manager Karin Jawerth.

“This particular product is the flagship of the circularity that we are trying to achieve, where our recycled packaging becomes a new packaging, and it’s only coming from Swedish households.”

Karin Jawerth says the supermarket wants to work with Site Zero to use fewer types of plastic, avoiding dark plastics that machines struggle to sort and avoiding too much labelling that reduces the quality of the final recycled raw material.

“The most important purpose of the packaging is to protect the product. And it doesn’t matter how recyclable the packaging is if it doesn’t protect the product and we generate more food waste… And it’s not only about recyclability when it comes to sustainable packaging. It’s also about how much packaging material you’re using, how well you can empty the products.”  Blue hydrogen


Blue hydrogen

Neste and Mitsui Chemicals receive Japanese Eco mark for bio-based seaweed snack packaging

NesteMitsui Chemicals, and its subsidiary Prime Polymer are packaging dried seaweed slices with bio-based raw materials for the Japanese Consumers Co-operative Union (JCCU) brand CO-OP.

Prime Polymer is processing Neste RE, a polymer feedstock made entirely from bio-based raw materials, into renewable polypropylene under the brand name Prasus. The polypropylene will then be converted for JCCU food packaging.

This is expected to provide the same quality and performance as its predecessor while cutting down on both fossil-based content and the packaging’s carbon footprint. It uses mass balancing to allocate renewable material to the plastic packaging.

The partners report that the seaweed snack packaging is the first of its kind – i.e., packaging made with renewable plastics in a mass balance approach – to receive the Japanese Eco Mark certification. Blue hydrogen

“Change begins with small things,” Lilyana Budyanto, head of Sustainable Partnerships APAC at Neste’s Renewable Polymers and Chemicals business unit. “In this case, it’s slices of dried seaweed.

“However, the impact of renewable plastics packaging isn’t small at all. It’s a crucial contributor to the sustainability transformation of the plastics industry and reducing emissions along the value chain. We are looking forward to the cooperation with Mitsui Chemicals, Prime Polymer and JCCU evolving.”


Neste and Mitsui Chemicals receive Japanese Eco mark for bio-based seaweed snack packaging

Semi-solid state batteries: a better alternative to solid state ones?

They can match the performance and safety of solid state batteries, but with a simpler and faster production process.  Blue hydrogen

Thanks to a gel-like electrolyte, they are ready to hit the market sooner.

Solid state batteries are often seen as the ultimate solution for electric cars. They promise to deliver many benefits that make them highly desirable.

Many companies are working harto increase the energy density, but with an advantage: the gel allows a faster movement of ions between the electrodes, compared to a solid electrolyte.  

A smart way to overcome technod to bring them to the market, but some researchers are raising an interesting question: what if the best batteries for the future were not solid, but semi-solid?

A semi-solid state battery has an electrolyte that is not liquid, but gel-like (and present in very small amounts).  Blue hydrogen

Like solid state batteries, it aims logical challenges A solid electrolyte, made of ceramic or polymer, is much more difficult to manufacture.

That’s why some startups that are developing solid state batteries are considering adding some gel (or liquid) to their products, to improve their performance.

Some examples are Factorial Energy, StoreDot, Lyten and QuantumScape.

Semi-solid state batteries can offer similar performance to solid state batteries, but with a lower cost and complexity.  Blue hydrogen

Some analysts even wonder if solid state batteries are worth pursuing, given the challenges they face and the advantages of semi-solid state batteries.

Semi-solid state batteries: a better alternative to solid state ones?


UFlex’s innovative, sustainable product lines in Q2 FY24 

UFlex Limited launched several innovative and sustainable products across business verticals in Q2 FY24. The company also won several awards in the quarter ended September 30, 2023.

Packaging Films Business

F-PTX high-barrier thermal stable alox film (offline coating): F-PTX is a high barrier thermal stable transparent Alox BOPET film. The film has a protective printable layer atop a high-barrier vacuum  deposit on one side and the other side is primer-coated or untreated. This film has excellent moisture and oxygen barrier properties and is environmentally friendly. It has an increased yield compared to PVDC-coated films and is a good replacement for PVDC/EVOH (PE) coated films. This film is suitable for high-barrier applications such as dried meat snacks, confectionaries, microwavable foods, etc. The film is suitable for hot fill, sterilization, pasteurization, and retort applications  (125⁰C/45min), which makes it eye-catching and suitable for industrial packaging.

F-UMF melamine-free BOPET Film (Inline Coating): F-UMF is a transparent BOPET film. One side of the film is a UMF chemical-coated surface, with the other side being untreated or corona-treated. It possesses high clarity, excellent machinability and handling properties, and excellent metal bond strength. Blue hydrogen

On one hand, the coated surface provides excellent adhesion with various types of inks and adhesives, and on the other, the corona treatment improves bonding. The film is suitable for printing, lamination, metallization and hot fill, pasteurization, sterilization, and retort application.

CWR White opaque retort-grade CPP film (Functional Raw Material)

CWR white opaque retort-grade CPP film (Functional raw material): C-CWR is a co-extruded white opaque film that is treated for aseptic/retort packaging on one side. It provides excellent sterilization performance, lamination adhesive anchorage, and high seal strength. The primary application areas of this film are sterilization and pasteurization, hot filling, and packing ready-to-eat food.  Blue hydrogen

B-TAS Transparent Anti-fog with Low SIT BOPP Film (BOPP, functional raw material co-extruded layer modification): B-TAF is a newly designed anti-fog (both cold and hot) sealable treated layer on one side and an anti-fog with LOW SIT heats sealable layer on the other side. Good anti-fog functionality (both cold and hot), anti-fog side SIT (<85 °C), good seal performance, and good machinability are some of the quality improvement approaches offered by this film. It is primarily used in the packaging of fresh foods and vegetables and also in hot and cold anti-fog applications.


UFlex’s innovative, sustainable product lines in Q2 FY24 

Experts react to Japan and South Korea’s joint hydrogen and ammonia initiative

Today, Japanese and South Korean leaders are expected to announce a joint supply network for hydrogen and ammonia at the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) meeting.  Blue hydrogen

The initial announcement did not restrict the supply chain to renewable energy-based green hydrogen and ammonia, according to the Nikkei report of the development.

Without clear guardrails, experts say this may lead to fossil fuel-based blue hydrogen and ammonia expansion, which would prolong the use of coal and gas and delay the transition to renewable energy in the Asia region. Blue hydrogen and ammonia rely on the use of carbon capture and storage (CCS), which has historically failed to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

The world’s top LNG importers have been pushing for the expansion of fossil fuel-based blue hydrogen and ammonia domestically and abroad.

Japan’s “Green Transformation” (GX) strategy directs 150 trillion yen ($1 trillion) in public-private investments including nuclear and fossil fuel-based technologies such as LNG, carbon capture storage (CCS), ammonia and hydrogen co-firing at thermal plants as part of its strategy for Asia’s energy transition.  Blue hydrogen

South Korea also aims to expand hydrogen and ammonia including the conversion of 24 coal plants to ammonia co-firing plants by 2030, which experts say will likely prolong the use of coal. While South Korea plans on establishing a clean hydrogen certification system next year, lawmakers are continuing to debate over whether to include fossil fuel-based blue hydrogen in the definition.

Japan’s Mitsubishi Corporation, Korea’s Lotte Chemical, and Germany’s RWE signed an agreement in February to develop an ammonia production and export project in the U.S. that would produce up to 10 million tons of blue ammonia per year.

Japan’s Mitsui & Co. and South Korea’s GS Energy are also planning on producing up to 1 million tons of blue hydrogen per year in the United Arab Emirates with UAE’s oil major ADNOC.  Blue hydrogen


Experts react to Japan and South Korea’s joint hydrogen and ammonia initiative

White hydrogen – Setting Up a Recycled Polyester Manufacturing Plant: Project Report 2023 18-11-2023

Blue hydrogen

Petrochemicals textile – Electric brakes, devoid of a hydraulic system, herald a groundbreaking revolution 20-11-2023

Petrochemicals textile

Petrochemicals textile

  • Polymers : PET – r-PET – Filament grade semidull chips -Filament grade bright chips – Ny6 – Ny66 – PP
  • Feedstocks  PX – PTA – MEG – CPL – Adipic Acid – Benzene – ACN – Ethylene – Phenol – Naphtha
  • Textile : Polyester POY – DTY – FDY – PSF – Recycled Polyester POY – Nylon POY – DTY – FDY Spandex 20-30-40 -Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  Acrylic Staple Fiber 

Petrochemicals textile

Petrochemicals textile

ITEM 13/11/2023 20/11/2023 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 6,900 yuan/ton 7,000 yuan/ton +100
Bottle grade PET chips export market 880 $/ton 890 $/ton +10
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 6,710 yuan/ton 6,825 yuan/ton +115
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 6,750 yuan/ton 6,875 yuan/ton +125
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market 5,825 yuan/ton 6,080 yuan/ton +255
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 740 $/ton 750 $/ton +10
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 4,100 yuan/ton 4,185 yuan/ton +85
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 478 $/ton 488 $/ton +10
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market

Petrochemicals textile

998 $/ton 1,020 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 975 $/ton 997 $/ton +22
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,080 $/ton 1,050 $/ton -30
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 7,325  yuan/ton 7,430 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,350 yuan/ton 7,400 yuan/ton +50
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 8,700 yuan/ton 8,825yuan/ton +125
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F

Petrochemicals textile

8,700 yuan/ton 8,800 yuan/ton +10s0
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 7,950 yuan/ton 8,100 yuan/ton +150
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,400 yuan/ton 7,500 yuan/ton +100
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 12,800 yuan/ton 13,000 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,600 $/ton 1,600 $/ton
Nylon 6 chips overseas  market 1,830 $/ton 1,830 $/ton
Nylon 6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 13,850 yuan/ton 14,000 yuan/ton +150
Nylon 6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market

Petrochemicals textile

14,050 yuan/ton 14,250 yuan/ton +200
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market 20,000 yuan/ton 20,000 yuan/ton
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 16,150 yuan/ton 16,350 yuan/ton +200
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 18,300 yuan/ton 18,500 yuan/ton- +200
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  17,000 yuan/ton 17,000 yuan/ton
Spandex 20D  domestic  market

Petrochemicals textile

36,200 yuan/ton 36,100 yuan/ton -100
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 34,700 yuan/ton 34,600 yuan/ton -100
Spandex 40D  domestic  market  31,700 yuan/ton 31,600 yuan/ton -100
Adipic Acid domestic market 8,900 yuan/ton 8,850 yuan/ton -50
Benzene domestic market

Petrochemicals textile

7,730 yuan/ton 7,800 yuan/ton +70
Benzene overseas  market 869 $/ton 893 $/ton +24
Ethylene South East market 940 $/ton 940 $/ton
Ethylene NWE market 836 $/ton 779 $/ton -57
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market

Petrochemicals textile

10,200 yuan/ton 10,300 yuan/ton +100
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market 1,200 $/ton 1,200 $/ton
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 14,600 yuan/ton 14,600 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 13,150 yuan/ton 13,100 yuan/ton -50
PP Powder domestic market

Petrochemicals textile

7,250 yuan/ton 7,350 yuan/ton +100
Naphtha overseas market  630 $/ton 626 $/ton -4
Phenol domestic market 7,857 yuan/ton 8,192 yuan/ton +335

r-PET high end eco-friendly chips =7,900 yuan/ton 7,900 yuan/ton   –


Petrochemicals textile

Electric brakes, devoid of a hydraulic system, herald a groundbreaking revolution

ZF has unveiled a novel electromechanical braking system, marking a departure from traditional hydraulic setups. Engineered in ZF’s research hubs in China, the USA, and Germany, this purely electric braking system forgoes hydraulic fluid, relying on electric motors to generate braking force on each wheel.

Dr. Holger Klein, CEO of ZF Group, emphasizes the significance of this electrically controlled braking system in expanding their portfolio of interconnected chassis systems. Klein underscores its pivotal role in ushering in a new era of vehicle control, particularly in software-defined and electric vehicles.

The absence of a hydraulic system, termed “dry brake-by-wire,” eliminates the need for brake fluid.

In this system, braking pressure is generated not by fluid pressure in a hydraulic system but by electric motors, with brake signals transmitted electrically.

This innovative brake-by-wire system, exemplified by Integrated Brake Control (IBC), offers advantages such as reduced braking distances, enhanced braking energy recovery, and lower maintenance costs compared to traditional systems.

In emergency braking scenarios at 100 km/h, the braking distance can be up to 9 meters shorter than that of traditional systems.

Electric vehicles, specifically, stand to gain up to 17% more range through improved braking energy recovery.

The “dry” nature of this brake-by-wire system minimizes residual friction torques, resulting in virtually zero particulate emissions from brake abrasion.

This lower resistance not only saves energy during driving but also contributes to increased range in electric vehicles.

Beyond the performance benefits, forgoing the hydraulic system significantly reduces assembly and logistics costs in vehicle production.

Users also benefit from lower maintenance requirements, as there’s no need to change brake fluid over the vehicle’s lifespan.

Despite the absence of mechanical connections between the pedal and brake actuators, the braking sensation remains akin to a hydraulic brake.

Ensuring the security of data transmission and processing, as well as a stable energy supply to electric motors, is achieved through redundancy in all connections and systems, mirroring the reliability seen in aviation by-wire systems.

With over 50 years of experience, ZF, a leading global supplier, provides vehicle manufacturers with flexibility in choosing their braking systems—from purely hydraulic to purely electric or a hybrid combination.

ZF’s comprehensive range spans all components, from wheel brakes to parking brakes, covering hardware and software.

Moreover, ZF’s portfolio extends beyond braking systems to include purely electronic systems for steering, shock absorbers, and brakes, facilitating the creation of interconnected chassis systems.

This approach promises improved driving dynamics, greater vehicle control, shorter braking distances, enhanced steering flexibility, increased stability at high speeds, and improved autonomy and efficiency in software-defined vehicles.

Electric brakes, devoid of a hydraulic system, herald a groundbreaking revolution

White hydrogen – Setting Up a Recycled Polyester Manufacturing Plant: Project Report 2023 18-11-2023

White hydrogen

SK Geo Centric Breaks Ground on Ulsan Recycling Facility

The $1.4 billion facility is expected to be capable of processing 320,000 metric tons of waste plastic per year.

SK Geo Centric held a groundbreaking ceremony on Wednesday, Nov. 15, for the Ulsan Advanced Recycling Cluster (ARC), a waste recycling complex.

The site represents a total projected investment of KRW 1.8 trillion ($1.4 billion USD) and will cover 60 acres. The Ulsan ARC is scheduled to be completed by the end of 2025.

SK Geo Centric is partnering with Plastic EnergyPurecycle Technologies and Loop Industries to apply three recycling technologies in one site: pyrolysis,  polypropylene (PP) extraction and depolymerization.  White hydrogen

“The ability to create a closed-loop recycling system for apparel companies using the Infinite Loop technology will play a significant role in our Asian JV with SKGC as we work to reinvent the supply chain for textile manufacturing in Asia,” says Daniel Solomita, Loop Industries CEO.

When the facility is operational, it is expected to have an annual capacity to reprocess 320,000 metric tons (over 700 million lbs) of plastic waste.

Operating at full capacity, this will enable processing 9% of waste plastic incinerated or buried each year in South Korea and 60% of the nation’s annual consumption of PET water bottles and plastic cups.

SK Geo Centric’s Ulsan ARC project is designed to serve as a model for future projects, with discussions already underway for building additional plants in France, Belgium and China.  White hydrogen

The Ulsan site will be able to create raw plastic materials from a wide range of discarded plastics, such as takeout  containers, bottles, automotive parts and certain plastic-based textiles.

It will be able to turn some plastics, such as vinyl and other composite plastics, into chemical materials that can be used as a substitute for crude oil.


White hydrogen

Carbios’ PET Biorecycling Plant, Longlaville, France

Carbios is developing the world’s first PET biorecycling plant in Longlaville, France.

Carbios, a biotech company based in France, is developing a polyethylene terephthalate (PET) biorecycling plant in Longlaville, France. It is expected to be the first of its kind in the world.

The new facility is being developed in a joint venture (JV) with Indorama Ventures, a producer of recycled PET for beverage bottles. The JV is expected to invest €230m ($242.9m) in the facility.  White hydrogen

The construction is scheduled to begin by the end of 2023, with commissioning targeted for 2025. The project is expected to create approximately 150 direct and indirect full-time jobs.

The new facility is part of Indorama’s Vision 2030, which is aimed at achieving a recycling capacity of 50 billion PET bottles a year by 2025 and 100 billion bottles a year by 2030. Indorama plans to expand the technology to other PET plants based on the performance of the new facility.

Carbios’ PET biorecycling plant location

The PET biorecycling plant will be built on a 13.7ha site within Indorama’s PET production site located in Longlaville, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France. The site has space to double its capacity in the future.  White hydrogen

The plant’s location near the borders of Belgium, Germany and Luxembourg provides access to nearby waste supply.

Development details

Carbios and Indorama announced plans to develop the facility in February 2022. The two companies signed a non-binding memorandum of understanding (MoU) in June 2023 for the project.

Indorama will ensure 100% output repolymerisation and both partners will be responsible for securing feedstock supply under the MoU.

Carbios filed for the permitting process of the new plant in December 2022. The environmental operating permit was issued in September 2023, while the building permits were granted in October 2023.

Carbios’ PET biorecycling plant details

Carbios’ PET biorecycling plant will provide an industrial-scale enzymatic recycling solution for PET waste.  White hydrogen

The plant will have a processing capacity of 50,000t of post-consumer PET waste a year, including non-recyclable mechanical waste equivalent to two billion coloured PET bottles or 2.5 billion PET food trays.

The initial supply for the plant will be sourced by a consortium comprising Carbios, Wellman, a subsidiary of Indorama Ventures and Valorplast, as part of a tender issued by CITEO. Valorplast is a recycling services provider, while CITEO is a not-for-profit organisation focused on reducing the environmental impact of packaging.

The consortium will handle 30% of the tonnage of multilayer food trays proposed by CITEO, a portion of which will be supplied to the new plant in 2025.

Carbios’ enzymatic recycling process details  White hydrogen

Carbios’ C-ZYME is a first-of-its-kind enzyme-based biological process that converts PET plastic and textile waste into its core monomers, which are then purified to enable repolymerisation into a PET of similar quality to that of one manufactured from virgin material.

The solvent-free process overcomes the limits of existing thermomechanical recycling processes that can only recycle clear plastic in a closed loop with some loss in quality. The technology enables all types of PET waste to be recycled, allowing for the manufacture of 100% recycled and infinitely recyclable PET products.  White hydrogen


White hydrogen

The Power and Traceable Proof Behind Lenzing’s Fiber Brands

Now more than ever, companies need to know where their fibers come from. Being able to pinpoint a material’s origin not only helps to provide more specific sustainability progress, benchmarking and reporting, but it also enables brands to make supported, substantiated claims about their products’ impact.

However, the apparel and textile industries’ long and complex supply chains make it challenging to have full confidence in tracing a material origin and the authenticity of the claims made about specific products.  White hydrogen

Most companies can only trace back to Tier 2, or their fabric supplier, leaving opportunities for counterfeit risks. In an effort to establish better traceability practices, wood-based fiber manufacturer the Lenzing Group created traceability and transparency systems and solutions to protect its fiber brands, TENCEL™ and LENZING™ ECOVERO™.

The companies that source Lenzing materials know they are getting the verified, sustainable lyocell and modal, compared to generic viscose fi“Respect and protection of trademarks are our core values, and we strongly believe that innovation is the lifeline for ongoing growth and development of the fashion and home textile value chain,” said Harold Weghorst, vice president of global marketing and branding at Lenzing.

“For years, we have been taking proactive steps to enforce the TENCEL™ and LENZING™ ECOVERO™ trademarks to ensure that the rights of our partners and consumers are protected, and that only products made of authentic branded fibers bear the trademarks.”

In 2018, Lenzing launched its Lenzing E-Branding Service for its supply chain partners. In this system, the manufacturer can have their fabric tested to ensure that it is authentic, meaning that they can accurately claim that their materials are made with Lenzing fibers. Once the test confirms the product contains Lenzing fibers, the producer receives a certificate which can be carried through to the brand buyer, enabling the consumer-facing retailer to apply for product licensing as well as branding materials from Lenzing.

Among the marketing materials available for e-commerce stores are free swing tickets and a Digital Hangtag tool. Even in today’s digital retail environment, hangtags still provide an opportunity for brands to communicate benefits to better market products.

A 2020 consumer survey conducted for Lenzing found that 88 percent of clothing shoppers and 86 percent of bedding buyers read hangtags.  White hydrogen

Lenzing E-Branding Service also includes a helpdesk that gives licensees direct access to experts who can assist them in the certification process.


White hydrogen

Setting Up a Recycled Polyester Manufacturing Plant: Project Report 2023

The report “Recycled Polyester Manufacturing Plant Project Report 2023: Industry Trends, Plant Setup, Machinery, Raw Materials, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue” provides a comprehensive guide for establishing a recycled polyester manufacturing plant. The report covers various aspects, ranging from a broad market overview to intricate details like unit operations, raw material and utility requirements, infrastructure necessities, machinery requirements, manpower needs, packaging and transportation requirements, and more.

In addition to the operational aspects, the report also provides in-depth insights into recycled polyester manufacturing process, project economics, encompassing vital aspects such as capital investments, project funding, operating expenses, income and expenditure projections, fixed and variable costs, direct and indirect expenses, expected ROI, net present value (NPV), profit and loss account, and thorough financial analysis, among other crucial metrics. With this comprehensive roadmap, entrepreneurs and stakeholders can make informed decisions and venture into a successful recycled polyester manufacturing unit.  White hydrogen

Recycled polyester, a sustainable textile innovation, has emerged as a beacon of hope in the fashion and textile industry’s quest for eco-friendliness. This revolutionary material is derived from post-consumer plastic bottles, diverting them from landfills and oceans, and transforming them into a versatile, eco-conscious fabric. With its reduced environmental footprint, recycled polyester addresses the growing concerns of resource depletion and plastic pollution. Its adoption aligns with the global shift towards sustainable fashion, offering a guilt-free alternative to traditional polyester.

This textile has emerged as a sustainable and eco-friendly alternative to traditional polyester, driven by several market drivers and trends. One of the key drivers is the growing global awareness of environmental issues and the need to reduce plastic waste. Recycled polyester addresses this concern by repurposing PET plastic bottles and textile waste into new polyester fibers, reducing the reliance on virgin petroleum-based polyester. Consumer demand for sustainable as well as ethically produced clothing and textiles has also fueled the growth of this textile.  White hydrogen

Brands and manufacturers are responding to this demand by incorporating recycled polyester into their product lines. Additionally, government regulations and policies promoting sustainable practices and circular economy principles have further propelled the adoption of this textile. Innovations in recycling technologies and processes have made it more cost-effective to produce high-quality recycled polyester, making it competitive with virgin polyester in terms of price and performance.


Setting Up a Recycled Polyester Manufacturing Plant: Project Report 2023

In a groundbreaking announcement, scientists worldwide have unveiled the remarkable revelation of an exceptionally abundant reservoir of white hydrogen

This discovery, estimated to encompass a staggering 6 to 250 million metric tons, emerges as a transformative catalyst for the evolution of sustainable energy solutions.

White hydrogen, distinguished for its minimal environmental footprint by yielding only water upon combustion, has long been a coveted resource in sectors like aviation and steel production. The prevailing methods for hydrogen production presently heavily lean on fossil fuels, making this discovery a pivotal stride towards establishing a more environmentally conscious economy.  White hydrogen

The magnitude of interest sparked by this revelation stems from its sheer abundance and the untapped potential it presents as a pristine energy source. This finding not only challenges pre-existing hypotheses but also charts a course towards unexplored frontiers in utilizing hydrogen as an expansive and eco-friendly energy reservoir.

Experts are quick to underscore the profound positive ramifications this discovery could have in the larger context of transitioning towards sustainable energy sources. It serves as a paradigm shift, upending established notions regarding hydrogen supply and laying the groundwork for a future characterized by increased cleanliness and sustainability.

The implications of this white hydrogen deposit extend far beyond its immediate environmental benefits.  White hydrogen

The prospect of a more extensive and accessible source challenges industries to reimagine their energy landscapes, offering a compelling alternative to conventional methods reliant on fossil fuels. As the demand for cleaner energy intensifies, this discovery becomes a linchpin in fostering a global shift towards practices that are not only economically viable but also ecologically responsible.

Moreover, the newfound abundance of white hydrogen provides a strategic advantage in diversifying energy portfolios. Its versatility and eco-friendly attributes position it as a frontrunner in reshaping the energy matrix, potentially reducing our dependence on finite and environmentally taxing resources.  White hydrogen

In conclusion, the revelation of this unprecedented white hydrogen deposit represents a watershed moment in the pursuit of sustainable energy. Its vast potential, coupled with its minimal environmental impact, challenges the status quo and propels us towards a future where hydrogen plays a central role in a cleaner and more sustainable global energy landscape.

In a groundbreaking announcement, scientists worldwide have unveiled the remarkable revelation of an exceptionally abundant reservoir of white hydrogen

Stora Enso to produce 1.2 million tonnes of packaging materials at Oulu mill beginning in 2025

With its new production line in the Oulu Mill in northern Finland, Stora Enso will increase its capacity and produce 1.2 million tonnes of sustainable packaging materials in one site starting from 2025.

“This is an ongoing journey, and a shift in mindset towards packaging sustainability is now taking place across all regions. The regulation is most advanced in Europe, but the trend can be seen everywhere. Our winning combination at Stora Enso is the fact that we can offer our customers a large portfolio of premium-quality materials while supporting their efforts in moving towards more sustainable offering,” Tomi Nurminen, Stora Enso’s Head of Product Line, CKB, says.  White hydrogen

Stora Enso’s expanded capacity in Oulu empowers customers to embrace greater sustainability in their choices for food, beverage and personal care packaging. The new high-quality and material-efficient packaging boards enable the use of renewable materials and encourages circular design principles, including bio-based, recyclable, and low carbon options.

In the long term, the use rate, availability, and cost of sustainable materials will evolve as more people prioritise them. There will be more alternatives available, and materials will be prioritised also by different mechanisms such as the producer responsibility costs.


Stora Enso to produce 1.2 million tonnes of packaging materials at Oulu mill beginning in 2025

Opinion: Establishing a New Plastics Value Equation

The world clearly needs a new plastics value equation – one where the utility of plastics is maintained, CO2 emissions are greatly reduced and plastic pollution is prevented.

There can be no doubt that plastics-producing and plastics-using corporations are largely responsible for significantly reducing the environmental impact of these materials. However, companies’ central role in this pursuit cannot be performed in isolation.

Outlining the circular plastics system
There is growing recognition that the solution is a circular economy. The principal goals are to decouple plastic production from its harmful reliance on fossil feedstock and to keep high-quality plastics in circulation.  White hydrogen

Material circularity holds the greatest potential for carbon emissions abatement. As outlined in the recently launched Plastics Transition Roadmap, a 28% reduction in emissions generated by the European plastics industry is achievable by 2030,  setting us on the path to  net-zero by 2050*. All up- and down-stream levers need to be engaged including new reuse business models, design of lighter materials, design for recycling, as well as mechanical and chemical recycling. Further emission reductions can be realized by increased use of renewable sources of power, green hydrogen, carbon capture and alternative feedstocks such as biowaste in the production of plastics materials.

While all of these avenues must be pursued intensively, one of the biggest opportunities to reduce emissions comes from increasing recycling levels. White hydrogen

Intelligent systems that efficiently sort and then recycle multiple waste streams, including those that are difficult to reprocess, are emerging. This technology is progressing quickly, aided by the adoption of AI, which is set to improve waste sorting and processing efficiency. Moreover, concepts to “decentralise” recycling by setting up small-scale hubs near waste-generating sites are gaining traction.
However, note that there is no “silver bullet” to deliver the new plastics value equation. A range of complementary solutions that operate fluidly at scale is required. Establishing such physical and systemic infrastructure relies on contributions by a variety of stakeholders.


Opinion: Establishing a New Plastics Value Equation

Recycled content – Johnson Matthey demonstrates new recycling technology for fuel-cell and electrolyzer materials 17-11-2023

White hydrogen

Recycled content – Johnson Matthey demonstrates new recycling technology for fuel-cell and electrolyzer materials 17-11-2023

recycled content

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

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Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Beverage industry calls for priority access to recycled content

Seeks to anchor the right to recycled content in proposed PPWR

With the plenary vote on the proposed EU Packaging and Packaging Waste Regulation (PPWR) just a short week away, the European natural mineral water and soft drink industries are urging MEPs to ensure a priority access to recycled content is part of the proposal.

In Sweden and Slovakia, two countries that have already implemented priority access for the beverage industry, the measure has proven to be crucial to securing a consistent supply of recycled content, say deposit and return system (DRS) operators from those countries. It promotes closed-loop recycling where technically possible, and encourages other sectors to invest in the collection and recycling of their own products –  ultimately contributing to a more circular economy.  recycled content

“We see the true value of having a priority access to recycled content enshrined within the Swedish DRS,” Anna-Karin Fondberg, managing director at Sveriges Bryggerier (the Swedish Brewers). With this priority access, also our SMEs are in a position to make the necessary investments in recycled content to achieve their recycled content obligations and circularity ambitions.”

‘’A priority access right to recycled material is a fundamental component of the Slovak DRS,” added Lucia Morvai, director of external affairs and communications of the Slovak DRS Administrator.

“This is absolutely necessary to enable a circular economy. SMEs, in particular, have a lot to gain from it, because they have the possibility to comply with the EU’s recycled content obligations whilst remaining competitive.’’  recycled content

Considerable investments are being made by the European natural mineral waters and soft drinks industries, among others in lightweighting solutions, recyclability and efficient collection systems, such as Deposit and Return Systems. These investments are vital in order to meet the EU mandatory recycled content targets. However, under the current EU regimes, only recycled PET is authorised for use in food contact applications. It is, therefore, imperative for beverage manufacturers to secure a stable supply of rPET if they are to be able to comply with the targets set by the EU.

For this reason, the downcycling of PET beverage bottles should be discouraged, says the industry. According to a 2022 study by Eunomia and Zero Waste Europe, around 68% of the PET beverage bottles collected for recycling are downcycled into other PET product applications, such as polyester textiles, automobiles or toys, rather than collected for bottle-to-bottle recycling. This breaks the recycling loop and restricts the overall rPET supply.  recycled content

recycled content

Sweden opens state-of-the-art plant for sorting plastics for recycling

A new plastics sorting facility inaugurated in Sweden on Wednesday is being billed as the largest of its kind, and one designed to double the amount of plastic packaging materials being recycled in the Nordic country.

A new plastics sorting facility inaugurated in Sweden on Wednesday is being billed as the largest of its kind, and one designed to double the amount of plastic packaging materials being recycled in the Nordic country.  recycled content

Thanks to cutting-edge technology, the Site Zero plant in the central city of Motala can sort up to 200,000 tons of plastic packaging a year, according to Sweden Plastic Recycling, a non-profit company co-owned by Swedish plastics, food and trade industry groups. The company says that’s more than any other sorting facility in the world.

A unique feature of Site Zero is that it can separate up to 12 different types of plastic.

An old plant at the same location could only sort 5 types of plastic, which meant that only 47% of the material was sent on for recycling and the rest was incinerated, said Mattias Philipsson, CEO of Sweden Plastic Recycling.

The new plant will be able to send up to 95% of the packaging for recycling, minimizing the amount that is incinerated. Burning plastic has a climate impact by adding greenhouse gasses to the atmosphere.

The world produces more than 430 million tons of plastic annually, two-thirds of which are short-lived products that soon become waste, filling the ocean and, often, working their way into the human food chain, the U.N. Environment Program said in an April report.

Plastic waste produced globally is set to triple by 2060, with about half ending up in landfill and under one-fifth recycled.  recycled content

Efforts to create a landmark treaty to end global plastic pollution are taking place in Kenya’s capital, Nairobi, where nations, petrochemical companies, environmentalists and others affected by the pollution are gathered for U.N.-backed negotiations.

At Site Zero, the roar of the machines is deafening as conveyor belts carry 40 tons per hour of mixed plastic waste through the entrails of the factory. Gradually, as the chocolate wrappers, plastic bags, yogurt containers or white polystyrene progress across the 60,000 square-meter complex, it’s broken down, separated by size and sorted in a fully automated process reliant on infrared cameras.  recycled content


recycled content

Indorama Ventures reports stable quarterly earnings; management focused on bolstering performance in challenging environment 

Indorama Ventures Public Company Limited (IVL), a global sustainable chemical producer, reported stable third-quarter earnings as the company’s management focuses on conserving cash and improving competitiveness to bolster performance in a continued period of weakness in the global chemical industry.

Indorama Ventures achieved EBITDA of $324 million in 3Q23, an increase of 1% QoQ and a decline of 37% YoY, impacted by a weak economic environment, geopolitical tensions, and continued post-pandemic disruptions in global markets.  recycled content

Sales volumes dropped 5% from a year ago to 3.6 million tons as China recovers from the pandemic more slowly than expected and an extended period of destocking in the manufacturing and chemical sectors continues to normalize from unprecedented levels last year. Management continues to focus on conserving cash, realising efficiency improvements, and optimising the company’s operational footprint to boost profitability. These efforts resulted in positive operating cash flow of US$410 million in the quarter, positive free cash flow of $79 million year to date, and room for further reductions in working capital going forward. The company’s AA- rating was maintained by TRIS in the quarter, with a stable outlook. The company expects the operating environment to improve in 2024 as customer destocking continues to ease across all three of Indorama Ventures’ segments. The ramp up of PET and fibers expansion projects operations in India and the U.S. will also contribute to increased volumes.  recycled content

Combined PET posted EBITDA of $146 million, a 25% decline QoQ, amid historically low benchmark PET margins, increased feedstock prices in Western markets, and lingering effects of destocking. Integrated Oxides and Derivatives (IOD) segment posted a 27% rise in EBITDA to $119 million QoQ, supported by strong MTBE margins in the Integrated Intermediates business. The Integrated Downstream portfolio’s profitability was impacted by destocking, inflationary pressures, and margin pressure from imports. Fibers segment achieved a 140% increase in EBITDA to $48 million QoQ as Lifestyle volumes grew in key markets in Asia, and the Mobility and Hygiene verticals benefited from management’s focus on optimizing operations and refocusing the organization.

Mr DK Agarwal, Deputy Group CEO of Indorama Ventures, said, “I am pleased to report that we are making meaningful progress on the management actions that I mentioned in the last quarter.  recycled content

In the short term, these are resulting in positive free cash flow generation, while in medium term we continue to defend aggressively our first-quartile cost position to emerge with enhanced profitability post the return to normalization in 2024 from the challenging operating environment that the industry faces. I must admit it is surprising that global inventory levels have yet to reach optimum levels, including our own, as the value chains in our segments de-leverage against higher operating costs, especially in Europe and in general from steep interest costs that we feel may stay at peak levels for longer. We are adjusting our global footprint to meet the anticipated supply/demand environment and trade flows to ensure we continue to provide our customers with competitive and reliable offerings and are aligned in providing best-in-class sustainable solutions.”

Visit Indorama


recycled content

“Navigating the Path to a Circular Economy: IDTechEx Explores Sustainable Polymer Technologies”

In the global pursuit of a circular economy, governments, brands, materials suppliers, and the public are rallying to address the escalating threat posed by surging plastic consumption. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) predicts a doubling of global plastic consumption by 2050, accentuating the urgency for sustainable polymer solutions. IDTechEx, a leading research firm, sheds light on the pivotal role played by various stakeholders in propelling the polymer industry towards greater sustainability.  recycled content

Four influential groups are steering the drive for sustainable polymers: governments, retailers or brands, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and the public. Regulatory measures, investments, pledges, and consumer behavior are all contributing factors, with the enforcement and monitoring of regulations likely to wield the most significant influence. A notable development occurred in 2023, as representatives from 180 countries gathered in Paris to discuss a treaty aimed at curbing global plastic pollution.

Addressing the call for sustainable plastics necessitates innovations across the entire polymer value chain, encompassing chemical suppliers, end-users, and recyclers. IDTechEx delves into these innovations, exploring alternative feedstocks such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and biobased inputs, alongside production processes like white biotechnology. The application of these sustainable polymers, especially in high-demand sectors like packaging, is crucial. Furthermore, the end-of-life recycling, through both established mechanical processes and emerging advanced recycling methods, plays a vital role in establishing a truly circular economy.  recycled content

The transition to sustainable polymers encounters various technical and economic challenges, contingent on factors like product properties, the “green premium,” and the ability to decouple pricing from traditional raw materials. IDTechEx delves into the technological developments, challenges, and outlook for innovations spanning the entire polymer value chain.

Biobased feedstocks, including carbon dioxide, bacteria, and others, take center stage in the quest for sustainability. Carbon capture and utilization technologies hold the promise of transforming polymer production into a carbon-negative industry. While challenges persist, government support, investments, and technological advancements signal a positive trajectory.  recycled content

The bioplastic industry, driven by demand for sustainable polymers, is expected to grow at a 10.1% compound annual growth rate over the next decade. Notable advancements include the production of biodegradable water bottles using polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs), showcasing the industry’s potential to compete with traditional plastics.

White biotechnology emerges as a promising area for converting biobased feedstocks into commodity chemicals and materials. Though faced with historical challenges, advancements in synthetic biology provide new possibilities for industrial production using living cell factories.

The application of sustainable polymers in end markets, particularly packaging, presents unique challenges. The sustainable packaging market is evolving rapidly, with increasing regulations on single-use plastics driving the adoption of recycled and biobased materials.

Chemical recycling, despite controversies surrounding its environmental impact, offers a valuable pathway for enhancing the value of end-of-life plastics. With major players entering the market, the mid-term growth of chemical recycling is inevitable, though subject to ongoing scrutiny.  recycled content

In conclusion, the outlook for sustainable polymer technologies is optimistic, driven by the imperative to address plastic consumption and stringent government regulations. As sustainability becomes a corporate and consumer priority, the plastic circular economy is poised to gain momentum, albeit with challenges to overcome in transforming the petrochemical market. IDTechEx remains vigilant, closely monitoring developments in this dynamic landscape.

"Navigating the Path to a Circular Economy: IDTechEx Explores Sustainable Polymer Technologies"

NILIT Scores For Sustainability With Award Winning Partnerships

Advancing apparel sustainability requires partnerships and collaborations that redefine the traditional structure of the global supply chain. Companies across the spectrum from fiber to finished product and through to the end user must work together to create apparel that delivers on consumer demands for performance, longevity, comfort, and style while being better for the planet throughout and after useful life.  recycled content

“Partnership is integral to creating the sustainable apparel that significantly reduces our industry’s burden on the environment,” says Michelle Lea, NILIT’s VP global marketing for the SENSIL® portfolio of sustainable premium Nylon 6.6 performance products. “Over the past two years, we have introduced multiple new SENSIL® technologies to target apparel’s sustainability concerns. Our award-winning collaborations with mills, brands, and retailers are bringing these innovations to life and presenting them to a very receptive performance apparel market.”

Through collaboration with mill partners, NILIT is proud to have been selected for three ISPO Textrends Awards for Fall/Winter 25/26:

Second Layer Top 10 with Pontetorto‘s 9154/M/Bio fabric created with biodegradable SENSIL® BioCare  recycled content

Street Sports Selection with Cifra’s B90MF fabric designed with SENSIL® ByNature, the industry first premium Nylon 6.6 that replaces fossil feedstocks with reclaimed biogas made from recyclyed organic waste

Base Layer Selection with Eusebio’s Kimmy Bio fabric with biodegradable SENSIL® BioCare

At ISPO Munich in Stand A1.444, NILIT will also showcase the partnership with Jack Wolfskin that resulted in the new Pioneers Collection featuring SENSIL® ByNature. Known for designs that optimize style, function, and sustainability, Jack Wolfskin’s Pioneers Collection seamlessly combines the latest sustainable SENSIL® Nylon 6.6 technology with minimalist design to create a responsible and transparently made range of exceptional apparel built for urban and outdoor pursuits.  recycled content


NILIT Scores For Sustainability With Award Winning Partnerships

Pan Era, Milliken tie up on Indonesian PP recycling

Indonesian polyolefins recycler Pan Era has today signed an initial agreement with US manufacturing company Milliken to recycle polypropylene (rPP) in Indonesia.

Pan Era will provide the rPP while Milliken Chemical, the subdivision of the company specialising in additives, will enhance the rPP with additives and handle the manufacturing of finished goods. The partnership will allow the Indonesian recycler to access more customers in the domestic Indonesian markets and within the region. The rPP produced will be under Pan Era’s patented recycled polyolefin brand Eterlene.

The rPP will initially be used to produce thin wall plastic packaging for non-food contact applications. Pan Era will supply approximately 8,000 t/yr of rPP, based on existing Indonesian recycling rates of rPP, according to Milliken’s plastic additives, chemical division country manager Daniel Tanzil. Using rPP in food-contact applications is currently tricky, given a lack of standardised regulations within the region.  recycled content

The melt flow index (MFI) of rPP produced in Indonesia is typically below 30 g/10 minutes. The collaboration between the two companies has produced three new grades of rPP, all with an MFI of 40 g/10 minutes or higher. A higher MFI diversifies the range of rPP applications from thin wall packaging and can extend to the automotive, electronics and industrial sectors, Tanzil said.

The new grades of rPP could be commercially available to customers within the next two months, but this could be prolonged as prospective customers will have differing requirements for the specifications of grades of rPP needed for their products, Milliken said.  recycled content

Milliken has begun marketing the product to global brand owners such as Procter and Gamble and Unilever as well as local companies such as Wings, Tanzil said.


Pan Era, Milliken tie up on Indonesian PP recycling

Johnson Matthey demonstrates new recycling technology for fuel-cell and electrolyzer materials

Johnson Matthey plc (JM; London) announced the successful lab scale demonstration of its new HyRefine technology for recycling hydrogen fuel cell and electrolyser materials. While there are established routes to recycle the platinum group metals (PGMs), often the ionomer isn’t recovered. We believe this is the first ever demonstration of circularity for the PGMs and valuable ionomer together.

JM researchers have proven at lab scale that both the PGMs and the ionomer can be recovered and recycled into new catalyst coated membranes – the performance-defining components at the heart of hydrogen fuel cells and electrolysers.

Separate experiments have confirmed that the recycled PGM catalysts match the performance of fresh material.  recycled content

As the hydrogen economy takes off, embedding circularity is critical to conserve precious resources and minimise the environmental impact of manufacturing new hydrogen technologies.

Using a purely chemical process, JM’s HyRefine technology offers efficiency and sustainability benefits compared to conventional PGM refining.

Processing only fuel cell and electrolyser material, JM’s bespoke HyRefine technology provides additional traceability of the critical PGMs. The output from this process would be 100% secondary (recycled).

Secondary metal has up to a 98% lower carbon footprint than primary (mined) metal, offering significant sustainability benefits[1]recycled content

The PGM can then be seamlessly integrated into JM’s PGM catalyst manufacturing and subsequent CCM manufacturing.

Following successful 5 litre lab scale demonstrations, JM is now scaling up this technology to run 50 litre pilot trials in its facility in Brimsdown, UK.

Alastair Judge, JM’s Chief Executive, Platinum Group Metals Services, said: “This demonstration of our HyRefine technology is a key step on our path to providing a circular service for our fuel cells and electrolyser customers in the future.


Recycled car interiors – New technique can capture or reuse CO2 as a chemical source for the production of sustainable plastic 16-11-2023

recycled content

Recycled car interiors – New technique can capture or reuse CO2 as a chemical source for the production of sustainable plastic 16-11-2023

Recycled car interiors

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Recycled car interiors are the new chic luxury

Carmakers are lining their electric vehicles with trash — literally — and hoping sparse, eco-friendly cabins will redefine luxury for a new generation of buyers.

Why it matters: Turning recycled denim, fishing nets and plastic bottles — or even mushroom roots — into automotive cockpits may help the industry reduce its carbon footprint.

  • Plus, it’s what today’s premium customers prefer in place of plush leather or polished wood, carmakers say.
  • “Sustainability is luxury,” says Anders Karrberg, head of global sustainability at Volvo Cars. “It speaks to a younger generation.”

Driving the news: Volvo’s newest electric vehicle (EV), the compact EX30 SUV, will test that theory.  Recycled car interiors

  • The Swedish luxury brand is known for its clean and simple Scandinavian design, with light oak interiors that are functional yet beautiful.
  • The EX30, starting at $34,950, puts a whole different spin on that theme, blending an array of recycled and renewable materials into an austere cabin.
  • The bare-bones interior features seat fabric sewn from denim scraps, a dashboard woven with thread from flax and linseed plants, and speckled door accents made from ground-up vinyl window frames.
  • The EX30 has the smallest carbon footprint of any Volvo, the company says.

The big picture: Some automakers have used products like soy or sugar cane fibers in inconspicuous areas for years, like in wiring harnesses under the hood or in the headliner fabric on the inside roof of the car.  Recycled car interiors

  • But there’s a new urgency to use more recyclable and renewable materials as automakers face looming targets to be “carbon neutral” by 2050 or sooner.
  • They won’t hit those goals simply by adding more EVs to their lineups, since evidence shows EVs aren’t driven as much as gasoline-powered cars.
  • To dramatically reduce their carbon footprint, automakers need to decrease greenhouse gas emissions across their operations, including in manufacturing and logistics.

Meanwhile: Like Volvo, Kia is integrating a lot more recycled or plant-based components into its lineup — starting with the EV9, a family-friendly SUV hitting dealerships by the end of the year.  Recycled car interiors

  • The EV9 uses 10 “must-have sustainable materials,” including bio-paint made from rapeseed oil on the door switches, recycled polyethylene terephthalate plastic (PET) in the seats and other surfaces, and recycled fishing nets in the carpet.
  • The South Korean carmaker is taking the trend even further with newly revealed concept cars like the EV3, EV4 and EV5.
  • For example, it’s replacing plastic molding with soft-but-strong plant-based parts “grown” from mycelium, the white hairlike fiber from mushroom roots.

What’s next: Kia eventually wants to develop grown materials using a process called bio-fabrication.

  • “Using mycelium enables us to mimic the processes we see in nature and leverage it to design more sustainable solutions — the material can be grown in any shape you want using a mold,” Marília Biill, who heads up color, materials and fabric design at Kia, notes in a press release.  Recycled car interiors

What to watch: Will these recycled components and biomaterials hold up during the wear and tear of daily driving?

  • Complaints have been rolling in about the durability of a new recycled fabric Apple is using in place of leather for its iPhones and watches.

What they’re saying: “The industry’s been making interiors out of plastic for 70 years, so the supply chain is pretty good at it,” says Stephen Kosowski, manager of long-range strategy and planning for Kia America.

  • “To engineer new parts that are as durable, and have the same look and feel and that will last as long as plastic, is not easy.”
  • “I think we’ve cracked the code on durability,” he said, but the cost of developing sustainable materials remains a challenge.  Recycled car interiors


Recycled car interiors

Technip Energies Creates Reju – An Innovative Polyester Textile Regeneration Company

Building on its technology partnership with IBM and Under Armour, Technip Energies announces the launch of Reju, an innovative company focused on creating new solutions at scale for the vast amount of plastic fiber in textiles that goes unrecycled and ends up as waste. Former Under Armour CEO and apparel industry veteran Patrik Frisk is heading the new company along with Alain Poincheval, COO, a senior executive with Technip Energies.

Technip Energies (PARIS: TE) (ISIN:NL0014559478) announces the creation of Reju, a new company focused on PET (Polyethylene terephthalate) recycling (rPET) of textiles that will leverage the innovative technology co-developed in joint-venture with IBM and Under Armour as well as Technip Energies’ global engineering and technology integration expertise.  Recycled car interiors

Reju will address the fast-growing market of global rPET whose demand from the textile market is expected to grow up to 20 Mtpa by 2033, driven by industry pledges and targets on recycling, regulation and consumer awareness of the need to reduce plastic waste.

Technip Energies, IBM and Under Armour have been working together since 2021 in a joint venture to bring VolCat, an IBM technology for rejuvenating waste PET packaging and polyester, to an industrial scale. VolCat allows the selective breakdown of polymers which IBM first applied to technologies like semiconductor lithography and microelectronics packaging. Reju intends to use this technology to address hard-to-recycle polyester garments and PET packaging lost to the waste stream today. With this technology, acting as a molecular sorter, PET could be regenerated infinitely.

The groundbreaking ceremony for Reju’s demonstration plant took place in September in Technip Energies Frankfurt Research Center with the facility expected to come on stream in 2024.  Recycled car interiors

Arnaud Pieton, CEO of Technip Energies , commented: “Globally, l ess than 1% of PET textiles waste is recycled today . This means that most textiles end up as waste in landfills when they could be repeatedly reused in new clothes. What has been holding the world back in textile circularity is not a lack of demand for textile recycling but the lack of a solution that makes recycling of textiles economical on an industrial scale. For the first time in this domain, a unique scalable technology is directly associated with a scalability expert like Technip Energies. Reju will deliver the promise of economical textile recycling, and we are proud to extend our role as an active agent of circularity.”

Arvind Krishna, CEO of IBM , said: “The health of our planet has never been more pressing, and the amount of fashion apparel and textiles that end up in landfills today is enormous. Recycled car interiors

The good news is that technology can help solve this challenge. IBM is proud to provide its VolCat technology to support Reju in advancing sustainable textile recycling.

We look forward to collaborating with Technip Energies and Reju to champion initiatives like these that place sustainability at the heart of the global textile industry.”


Recycled car interiors

The LYCRA Company launches new LYCRA® FiT400™ fiber

The LYCRA Company, a global leader in developing innovative and sustainable fiber and technology solutions for the apparel and personal care industries, announced today the launch of new LYCRA® FiT400™ fiber for knits.

The company’s latest EcoMade offering is a unique bicomponent fiber engineered to optimize the performance and comfort of knits. It delivers a durable soft hand-feel, low shrinkage and high uniformity to fabrics. LYCRA® FiT400™ fiber is made from 60% recycled PET and 14.4% from bio-derived resources and is GRS certified.

The fiber includes two different polyester polymers, which together create a helical crimp, providing permanent stretch and recovery properties, as well as breathability, cooling comfort and chlorine resistance to fabrics.  Recycled car interiors

LYCRA® FiT400™ fiber helps set the stage for circularity, a key priority for The LYCRA Company. In controlled tests under specific conditions, this fiber was recycled back into new polyester fibers, thereby demonstrating the technical feasibility of this process.*

“We developed LYCRA® FiT400™ fiber to deliver in-demand performance benefits and an enhanced soft hand to the knit fabric category,” said Steve Stewart, chief brand and innovation officer at The LYCRA Company. “This innovation also meets customer and consumer expectations for more sustainable solutions since it is made with recycled and bio-derived materials.”

LYCRA® FiT400™ fiber will be advertised to the trade. The “It’s Time for Better” campaign aims to disrupt the activewear, athleisure and swimwear categories with the message that consumers and the planet deserve better—better-functioning garments offering reduced environmental impact. Recycled car interiors

Fabrics and garments powered by LYCRA® FiT400™ fiber are eligible for LYCRA® XTRA LIFE™ or COOLMAX® EcoMade brand hangtags if they meet specific brand quality standards. Both brands enjoy high levels of consumer brand awareness worldwide.

To learn more about LYCRA® FiT400™ fiber for knits, visit lycra.com.

*LYCRA® FiT400™ fiber is compatible with established polyester chemical recycling processes.

In multiple tests, LYCRA® FiT400™ fiber components were blended with standard polyester components and recycled back into new polyester fibers with comparable performance as standard recycled polyester fibers.  Recycled car interiors


Recycled car interiors

TOMRA to invest €36 million in new infrastructure for Quebec DRS

TOMRA has entered into a long-term agreement to provide ‘reverse vending machines’ for a new deposit return scheme in Quebec starting in 2024.

Following on from the November 1st expansion of Quebec’s deposit return system (DRS), the agreement with the local producer responsibility organization, the Quebec Beverage Container Recycling Association (QBCRA), will see the installation of approximately 1350 TOMRA machines.

The roll-out of automated collection equipment in Quebec will begin in the first quarter of 2024 and continue over three years, during which time TOMRA will make an investment of approximately €36 million in the new infrastructure. Recycled car interiors

“Today, eleven out of 13 Canadian provinces and territories offer deposit return systems, to combat litter, increase recycling, and drive a circular economy,” explained Alain Nault, SVP, General Manager of TOMRA Canada.

“It is inspiring that Quebec is making huge new strides with the modernization of their drink container recycling program, promising to become one of the most efficient systems in the world. TOMRA is excited to be on board as the major provider of automated collection technology for that expansion.”

The Quebec redemption centers will be equipped with TOMRA T9 and T70 reverse vending machines, as well as installations of TOMRA’s Expert Line bulk collection technology for industrial facilities, configured for consumer interaction. Recycled car interiors

The return centers automated by TOMRA include smaller centers that will purchase the reverse vending infrastructure and subscribe to a service agreement, and larger centers that will operate on a throughput model.

The building of new containers’ return centers follows on from the expansion and modernization of Quebec’s deposit return system on November 1st.

Prior to November 1st, the DRS included only beer/soft drink cans, PET and a small portion of one-way glass. Now it will expand to all drinkable beverages between 100ml and 2L, including all cans, plastic and glass bottles, and cartons. The deposit/refund value has also increased from 5 cents to 10 cents, except for glass, which has increased to 25 cents.

The DRS expansion also includes a change to the types of locations where consumers can return their drink containers for recycling. Quebec was until now a return-to-retail model (meaning that supermarkets where drinks are purchased also served as return points), but the province will now move to a “hybrid” return model, with the introduction of return centers, starting from 2024.  Recycled car interiors


TOMRA to invest €36 million in new infrastructure for Quebec DRS

New technique can capture or reuse CO2 as a chemical source for the production of sustainable plastic

To obtain their new compound, the researchers put a raw material into a pressurized reactor filled with CO2. The transformed CO2-based compound is then purified and used to produce monomers to make polymers. When the material is obtained, it is hot-pressed in molds and can be cut into various shapes. Credit: University of Liège / Th.Habets

A team led by chemists at the University of Liège has developed a new polyurethane production technique using CO2 to create new types of easily recyclable plastics. The study, published in the Journal of the American Chemistry Society, could provide a solution for the development of truly sustainable plastics.  Recycled car interiors

Commodity plastics have transformed global industry. Whether in construction, clothing, vehicles or food packaging, these plastics are everywhere in our daily lives, so much so that their global use has been estimated at around 460 million tons in 2019.

“This number is staggering, but not surprising, because plastics, also known as synthetic polymers, have met a large success thanks to their irreplaceable characteristics: they are light, cheap and incredibly versatile,” explains Christophe Detrembleur, chemist at the Center for Education and Research on Macromolecules (CERM) of the University of Liège. “However, the fact that they are difficult to recycle, or even impossible to recycle in the case of thermosets, has serious consequences.”  Recycled car interiors

This impossibility of recycling not only leads to the depletion of the fossil resources used to manufacture them, but also to their very long-term accumulation in nature and the oceans. It is therefore imperative for our society to quickly design and manufacture plastics that can be easily recycled at the end of their life.

In this context, a study led by researchers at the University of Liège and carried out in collaboration with the University of Mons and the University of the Basque Country, reports on a new technique for producing easily recyclable polyurethane plastics.

“The special feature of this approach is the use of carbon dioxide (CO2 )—a major emblematic waste of our society—as a raw material for the production of the building blocks, or monomers, needed to manufacture these new products,” explains Thomas Habets, a doctoral student at CERM and first author of the article. “The structure of the monomers can be easily modified, making it possible to produce plastics with a wide range of properties, from highly malleable elastomers such as silicones to more rigid materials such as polystyrene.”  Recycled car interiors

These plastics have a chemical structure that resembles a three-dimensional network rather than long linear chains. This structure, which is generally associated with thermosets that are very difficult to recycle, makes them more resistant than plastics made from long molecular chains. The polyurethanes created here have new “dynamic” chemical bonds, which means that despite their thermoset structure, they can be reshaped by exchanges of chemical bonds under relatively mild reaction conditions.


New technique can capture or reuse CO2 as a chemical source for the production of sustainable plastic

Duo and Plastix launch shrink film made from waste fishing gear

Duo will manufacture shrink film for food and beverage outer packaging using Plastix’s Oceanix recycled plastic, which is made from 98% maritime waste like fishing nets and ropes.

Fishing gear is one of the deadliest forms of marine waste, reportedly threatening 66% of marine animals and 50% of seabirds. Plastix says that its technology enables the maritime industry to minimise waste fishing gear pollution, which could otherwise end up in the oceans.  Recycled car interiors

According to the companies, Oceanix has undergone a life-cycle assessment and is confirmed to provide up to 94% CO2e savings, when compared with virgin plastics.

Hans Axel Kristensen, CEO at Plastix, says: “Our independent LCA study on Oceanix not only shows world-class CO2 reductions, but at the same time highlights that it is 11 times more climate efficient on freshwater use, five times more on ocean acidification and 43 times more on fossil resource use, compared to virgin plastics.

“It is our mission here at Plastix to reduce maritime plastic pollution and offer the most sustainable recycled plastics as an immediate solution to the world’s climate emergency.

“Duo represents everything we look for in a partner; they demonstrate a shared motivation and drive to make the plastics economy circular to help solve the climate crisis. We’re delighted to partner with them as they step into new packaging territory with exciting products in shrink film.”  Recycled car interiors

Zoe Brimelow, Brand Director at Duo, adds: “Duo remains unwavering in its mission to bring waste full-circle, so this partnership with Plastix was an easy choice; their recycled plastic ticks so many boxes for us as a business. Not only is it an innovative solution to a big environmental problem, but the quality of the green recycled pellet makes for a standout end product too.


Duo and Plastix launch shrink film made from waste fishing gear

NFW and Sage Automotive Interiors Partner to Revolutionise Cars with Biodegradable Plant-Based Leather

Plant-based material company Natural Fiber Welding (NFW) and automotive interior solutions supplier Sage Automotive Interiors (Sage) have partnered to develop animal and plastic-free materials for car interiors.  Recycled car interiors

The strategic partnership aims to manufacture NFW’s plant-based leather MIRUM at scale, offering the automotive industry a recyclable and biodegradable alternative while supporting a circular economy.

“Asahi Kasei, Sage & NFW take a leading role in revolutionizing the market”

Sage, an affiliate of the Japanese company Asahi Kasei, is among the leading global suppliers of seat materials, door panel surfaces, and automobile headliners. With a strong presence in the US, China, and Europe, Sage has been expanding its lineup of growth-potential materials, including leather alternatives.

Dirk Pieper, chairman of the Sage Automotive Interiors board of directors, commented: “By jointly introducing MIRUM®, a plastic-free, plant-based, and fully circular leather alternative, Asahi Kasei, Sage & NFW take a leading role in revolutionizing the market for interior mobility materials.”  Recycled car interiors

Asahi Kasei’s partnership with NFW is part of its “Care for Earth” investment framework, announced in April 2023. Over the next five years, the company will invest $100 million in startups addressing environmental issues. The car interior material industry is among Asahi Kasei’s future growth areas.

The most sustainable option

Based in Peoria, Illinois, NFW was founded in 2015 to develop and manufacture sustainable products using naturally circular, biobased ingredients to replace animal and petrochemical-based materials. Today, NFW has become a platform for plastic-free performance materials spanning sheet goods (plywood and other composite materials), textiles, molded composites, and foams.

The company’s patented leather alternative, MIRUM, is made from natural rubber, fibers, pigments, plant oils, and minerals.  Recycled car interiors


NFW and Sage Automotive Interiors Partner to Revolutionise Cars with Biodegradable Plant-Based Leather

Chemical recycling – Pyrowave introduces nanopurification technology for plastics 15-11-2023

Recycled car interiors

Chemical recycling – Pyrowave introduces nanopurification technology for plastics 15-11-2023

Chemical recycling

The Chinese brick is crumbling

As of the first 10 months of 2023, the foundations of China’s real estate sector are visibly cracking, with a 6.8% year-on-year decline in property sales, adding to the preceding 7.5% downturn observed from January to September. This data, emanating from the National Statistics Office, serves as a glaring indicator of the deep-seated crisis gripping the Chinese real estate market. Concurrently, investments in the construction sector have hit the brakes, experiencing a notable 9.3% decrease following the 9.1% contraction in the preceding January-September period. Chemical recycling

A closer look at specific metrics reveals a concerning trend. New construction initiations, measured in square footage, have plummeted by 23.2% on an annual basis, mirroring the 23.4% slump witnessed in the first nine months of the year. Additionally, the funds amassed by real estate developers have seen a precipitous 11% decline, building upon the 13.5% contraction recorded in the initial nine months of the year.

These alarming figures find resonance within the broader context of investments in fixed assets, which, contrary to expectations, have only grown by a modest 2.9% in the first 10 months of the year.  Chemical recycling

The total, amounting to 41,940 billion yuan (equivalent to nearly 5,830 billion dollars), falls short of anticipated growth, which was pegged at 3.1%. This downturn in real estate activity is emblematic of the economic turbulence faced by China, exacerbated by the crises befalling major players in the industry such as Evergrande and Country Garden. These industry giants, grappling with insurmountable debt and teetering on the brink of collapse, are contributing significantly to the erosion of the dragon’s economic prowess. The reverberations of this downturn extend beyond the realm of real estate, casting a shadow on China’s overall economic landscape.

The Chinese brick is crumbling

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Pyrowave introduces nanopurification technology for plastics

A short-loop chemical recycling process to remove toxic additives and contaminants in plastics

At the 2nd ICIS Recycled Polymers conference held last week in Chicago, Pyrowave introduced a new nanopurification technology that specifically addresses the problem of contaminants in plastic waste and in pyrolysis oil. Contamination is an issue that has held back efforts to scale plastic recycling, precisely because of  the inability to secure feedstock compatible with level of purity required in end applications. In fact, a United Nations report recently highlighted the challenges of handling hazardous chemicals present in plastics – additives and contaminants that represent major concerns to human health and the environment.  Chemical recycling

According to Pyrowave, its nanopurification technology operates at the molecular level to remove contaminants from polymers with perfect control on purified resins, offering a plastic waste pre-treatment to purify the resins that can be used in advanced recycling methods, or directly into final applications. The technology  debottlenecks the access to plastic feedstock, by standardising the material upstream to be compliant with most advanced recycling process, including its own microwave depolymerization process.

Pyrowave has successfully demonstrated the technology by decontaminating polymers and supplying high-quality recycled plastics to industries requiring strict compliance, including food-contact applications.

For advanced recyclers, the ability to pre-treat the feedstock results in a higher quality pyrolysis oil, which in turn, means that the threshold of recycled oil added into steam crackers can be raised.  Chemical recycling

The company was inspired by the purification technologies applied in the pharmaceutical industry. The methodology takes advantage of the large difference in size and solubility disparity between polymers and most additives found in the compounds, using advanced nanofiltration membranes to separate the contaminants out. The patent-pending technology enables simultaneous removal of various contaminants – something not possible when using conventional dissolution methods –  all while maintaining meticulous control over the endpoint.


Chemical recycling

Cosmo First results expect worst to be behind

Cosmo First declared its financial results for the quarter ended June 2023 on 10 August. The results for the quarter would have been better by Rs 20-crore but for the non-repetitive inventory loss arising from the sharp drop in prices of raw materials towards the quarter end.  Chemical recycling

During the quarter, the BOPP demand has started picking up and the demand-supply balance should get restored in the coming quarter(s). In the case of BOPET, where the supply is far in excess of demand, it will take many more quarters for the supply-demand gap to bridge. Margins are therefore likely to remain under pressure with little downside risk.

The export markets showed signs of improvement with better specialty sales. Cosmo with over two third of its revenue coming from BOPP speciality films could withstand the margin pressure better than the industry.  Chemical recycling

“We continue to build our specialty films portfolio by adding speciality polyester films, including shrink labels and sun shield films which would further strengthen our overall margins and also the ability to withstand margin pressures if any in the future,” the company said.

The company’s Petcare vertical Zigly continues to grow rapidly and clocked monthly revenue (GMV) with a run rate revenue of Rs 3-crore on the back of expanding retail footprints, innovative sales promotion, and increasing online presence. The acquisition of Petsy, an online venture in the Petcare space, is complete and would further accelerate the growth of the Petcare vertical.  Chemical recycling

The speciality chemical subsidiary is set to launch newer adhesives in H2, FY24.

Pankaj Poddar, Group CEO, Cosmo First, said “The company is working on multiple growth drivers including speciality BOPET films, sun shield film, rigid packaging, specialty chemicals, petcare, etc.


Chemical recycling

The joint ventures intend to issue a final investment decision in 2023, with construction beginning that year

Production is production to commence in late 2025 or early 2026. Between the two facilities, over 125 new jobs would be created if the project moves forward.

“With the establishment of this JV, LG Chem will not only procure production capacities for highly pure lactic acid needed for commercial-scale PLA production, but will also be able to apply biomaterials in the development of various high-value-added products. Based on eco-friendly materials, which is an axis for new growth engines, we will respond to the rapidly changing market and customers, while becoming a market leader, ” said Hak Cheol Shin, CEO of LG Chem, in a statement.  Chemical recycling


The joint ventures intend to issue a final investment decision in 2023, with construction beginning that year

In China, even finance is communist: Xi is the central banker (but the crisis does not pass)

In China, the once-unchallenged trajectory of economic prosperity is now met with unprecedented challenges, sending shockwaves through all levels of society

Unlike the West, which has grown accustomed to periodic crises, China has been relatively immune for several decades. However, the current state of Beijing’s economy is causing widespread concern, marked by a significant slowdown in economic growth, a looming real estate bubble, and the staggering youth unemployment exacerbated by Xi Jinping’s stringent measures on the hi-tech sector.  Chemical recycling

The severity of the situation is not lost on the Communist Party, whose social legitimacy historically hinged on meeting the needs of the people. For decades, a tacit agreement existed: citizens traded some freedoms for steadily improving living conditions. Now, this implicit contract is unraveling, and the Party, under mounting pressure from its populace, is grappling with how to regain control.

The recent Central Financial Work Conference, held every five years to outline financial objectives, provided a glimpse into Xi’s vision. In his central speech, Xi unveiled a new economic model emphasizing the “rejuvenation” of the country through “socialism with Chinese characteristics for the new era.” A central tenet of this vision involves the Communist Party reclaiming a pivotal role in the entire economy.

Market forces, once allowed a degree of freedom, are now to be tightly controlled, if not outright impeded.  Chemical recycling

This shift had already manifested in various measures, such as the drastic downsizing of Alibaba’s Jack Ma, the crackdown on internet giants, dismantling of online higher education sectors, and restrictions imposed on private businesses, which constitute 80% of the nation’s employment. The presence of party cells in companies, even foreign ones, reflects the growing intrusion of political influence. Foreign consultancy firms have faced ostracism and repression, while security and anti-espionage laws grant unprecedented powers to Chinese authorities.

In a departure from the previous focus on economic development, the central theme now is security – both geopolitical and domestic.

The goal is to create an economy and technology that are less reliant on international relations and foreign exchanges.  Chemical recycling

Against this backdrop, the latest move is a profound transformation of the financial sector. The establishment of a Central Financial Commission, announced during the Conference, consolidates significant powers directly under the Communist Party’s purview.

This Commission will oversee the central bank, the regulatory commission for financial activities, and stock exchange authorities, essentially placing the entire Chinese financial sector, valued at over 60 trillion dollars, under the direct control of the Chinese Communist Party. As the economic landscape undergoes this tectonic shift, the world watches with anticipation, wondering whether these measures will steer China towards stability or introduce a new chapter of uncertainties.  Chemical recycling

Chemical recycling

Hyundai, the electric revolution of the world’s largest car factory

Hyundai, at the forefront of the global automotive industry, is gearing up for an electric revolution that promises to reshape the landscape of the world’s largest car factory

The visionary words of Ju-yung Chung, Hyundai’s founder, echoing the conviction that “Korean cars will conquer the world,” laid the foundation for a remarkable journey.

Now, Hyundai Motor Group, currently holding the esteemed third place among car manufacturers globally, is poised to dominate the electric vehicle (EV) market by expanding the production capacity of its colossal Ulsan plant.

The Ulsan plant, already a colossus in the automotive realm, assembled a staggering 1.4 million cars in 2022 alone, dwarfing even Volkswagen’s facility in Wolfsburg, Germany, which can manage a maximum of 800,000 cars annually. Chemical recycling

In an ambitious move, Hyundai plans to carve out a dedicated production line within this automotive behemoth, earmarking a substantial 548 thousand square meters for the construction of a cutting-edge electric car plant.

The symbolic laying of the first stone on November 13 marked the initiation of this transformative endeavor, attended by key figures such as Euisun Chung, executive president of Hyundai Motor Group, Jaehoon Chang, president and CEO of Hyundai Motor Company, along with local officials.

The emphasis of this new facility extends beyond mere production capacity augmentation. Hyundai is actively seeking to integrate revolutionary production technologies to redefine the manufacturing process for electric vehicles.

While details remain undisclosed, there are tantalizing speculations about the adoption of the Hyundai Hyper Casting method.  Chemical recycling

When queried about this groundbreaking technique, the response was elusive yet suggestive, hinting at an innovative manufacturing platform developed by the Hyundai Motor Group Singapore Innovation Center (HMGICS). This platform incorporates intelligent control systems driven by artificial intelligence, prioritizing employee safety, convenience, and operational efficiency.

Additionally, it employs eco-friendly, low-carbon construction methods, aligning with sustainability goals such as carbon neutrality and RE100 certification.

The investment allocated for the Ulsan expansion amounts to a formidable $1.53 billion, a strategic move in line with Hyundai’s broader vision.  Chemical recycling

The Korean conglomerate aims to bolster domestic production of electric cars from the current 330 thousand units to a staggering 1.51 million by 2030. This surge in production will contribute to a global output of 3 million cars, emanating from 10 factories strategically positioned worldwide.

In this ambitious pursuit, Hyundai plans to unleash approximately thirty electric models under both the Hyundai and Kia brands.

This multifaceted approach positions Hyundai to contend for a spot among the top three electric car manufacturers globally, an echelon currently dominated by Tesla and BYD.

The challenge for electric domination is not only a strategic business move for Hyundai; it is a revival of ambition echoing the spirit of 1963, when Hyundai embarked on its journey. As the electric revolution unfolds, the Korean giant aims to rewrite history and reclaim its position at the forefront of automotive innovation.  Chemical recycling

Hyundai, the electric revolution of the world's largest car factory

Xi Jinping’s upcoming trip to San Francisco from November 14 to 17 holds critical significance, especially in light of the recent economic turbulence between the USA and China

The central focus of this diplomatic journey is a dinner engagement with American captains of industry. The primary objective for the Chinese leader is to reestablish trust and confidence among US investors, given the substantial withdrawal of funds by foreign companies from the Chinese market over the last six quarters.  Chemical recycling

An astonishing $160 billion has been pulled out by foreign companies during this period. Even more concerning is the fact that the Chinese State Administration of Foreign Exchange (Safe) reported a deficit in foreign direct investments for the first time in a quarter of a century, amounting to $11.8 billion in the third quarter of 2023. This financial setback prompted Chinese authorities to diligently prepare for the summit in San Francisco.

Simultaneously occurring with the Apec summit dominated by Biden and Xi, the meeting in San Francisco gathers hundreds of American business executives, including CEOs of major multinational corporations such as Microsoft, Pfizer, and ExxonMobil. The gala evening invitation hints at the participation of a “senior Chinese official and his ministerial delegation.” While the name remains undisclosed, the ticket price is hefty, requiring $40,000 for a table reservation accommodating eight executives. This investment promises a close encounter with the mysterious Chinese official expected to deliver a significant speech.  Chemical recycling

The anticipation surrounding this event stems from the urgent need for Xi Jinping to address the concerns and reservations of American business leaders. The invitation card emphasizes the importance of the speech, raising expectations for a persuasive and reassuring message from the communist general secretary.

Xi’s recent diplomatic efforts include a letter read by his ambassador at the National Committee on US-China Relations gala in New York.

The letter stressed the need for “mutual respect,” “peaceful coexistence,” and “double win-win cooperation,” highlighting the crucial role of amicable relations between the two superpowers for global stability. However, the reality contradicts these diplomatic aspirations.  Chemical recycling

A survey conducted by the US-China Business Council reveals that 34 percent of its members have either halted or reduced planned investments for the year 2023.

The hesitancy among American businesses stems from the Chinese Communist Party’s increased intervention in the market and the intimidating effects of recent anti-espionage legislation. Incidents such as the arrests of employees from Mintz Group and the searches at the offices of Bain & Company in Shanghai have further deterred US businesses.

Beijing TV, in a report on these incidents, has framed them as attempts by Americans to steal intelligence on crucial sectors of the Chinese production system, financial data, energy, and even healthcare. This narrative suggests a purported “well-known plan to contain and suffocate the rise of China.”  Chemical recycling

As of November, Gallup, renowned for its opinion polls, has also withdrawn from China. The question remains: can a $40,000 dinner and an eloquent speech truly alter the perspectives of the skeptical American business community? Xi Jinping’s words during this high-stakes summit will play a pivotal role in shaping the trajectory of US-China economic relations.

Xi Jinping's upcoming trip to San Francisco from November 14 to 17 holds critical significance, especially in light of the recent economic turbulence between the USA and China

Global negotiations for plastic treaty commences in Kenya

The third session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC-3), tasked with developing a legally binding global treaty to address plastic pollution, opened in the Kenyan capital of Nairobi on Monday.Over 2,000 representatives from governments, civil society, industry and academia are attending the seven-day meeting. They will discuss the Zero draft text, which forms the basis for establishing a global treaty to enhance action against plastic litter that is causing harm to terrestrial and marine ecosystems.

In his opening remarks, Kenyan President William Ruto said that plastic pollution remains an existential threat to a just transition as well as human and planetary health, noting that a legally binding treaty could offer some relief.  Chemical recycling

Ruto said ending plastic pollution from the source to the end users will ensure a just and green transition for humanity, promote ecological health and revitalize the growth of the circular economy.

The Kenya meeting follows previous sessions held in Uruguay in 2022, and Paris earlier this year.

The negotiations for a global plastic treaty stem from the adoption of a landmark resolution at the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Assembly held in Nairobi in February 2022.  Chemical recycling

Discussions on the contents of the Zero draft, which was agreed upon at INC-2, will dominate this week’s meeting, aiming to expedite the process of establishing a legally binding global treaty to combat plastic pollution by 2024.

Gustavo Adolfo Meza-Cuadra Velasquez, the INC chairperson, said that the transnational nature of plastic pollution necessitates the creation of an international legally binding instrument to address the challenge. He highlighted the need for legal interventions to support efforts to eliminate plastic pollution that harms wildlife sanctuaries, oceans and freshwater bodies.  Chemical recycling


Global negotiations for plastic treaty commences in Kenya

Sulzer Technology To Enable A Carbon Capture Plant In Austria

Sulzer’s mass transfer technologies are being leveraged by Messer, the world’s largest privately owned industrial gas specialist, in collaboration with a manufacturer of inorganic chemicals to enable innovative carbon capture and utilization (CCU) at a plant in Landeck, Austria.

The CO2 capture unit will rely on Sulzer Chemtech’s carbon capture technology to capture more than 50,000 tons of CO2 per year, which will be re-used in the food & beverage industry and by other companies from nearby regions.  Chemical recycling

Messer and its business partner are collaborating to convert carbon emissions resulting from calcium carbide production into valuable feedstock for food & beverages, greenhouse fertilizers and fire extinguishers. The selected carbon capture technology for flue gas and post-combustion CO2 capture, OASE® blue from BASF, utilizes Sulzer Chemtech’s carbon capture products, which are designed to address the specific needs of carbon capture applications while offering maximum CO2 capture rates in combination with low energy demand.

Sulzer Chemtech Division President Uwe Boltersdorf says: “We appreciate our customers’ needs to remain competitive as they strive to deliver sustainable products and processes – which is why we work to maximize efficiency, performance, and productivity by default. This is how we ensure our range of mass transfer components enable businesses worldwide to adopt more sustainable practices.”  Chemical recycling


Sulzer Technology To Enable A Carbon Capture Plant In Austria

Solid-state batteries – Bio-based Leather Alternative for Auto Interiors Attracts Investment 14-11-2023

Chemical recycling

Solid-state batteries – Bio-based Leather Alternative for Auto Interiors Attracts Investment 14-11-2023

Solid-state batteries

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Race to all-solid-state batteries draws in Japan’s AGC, Idemitsu

Companies work to slash time and cost of making vital material

Japanese materials maker AGC and energy group Idemitsu Kosan have made strides toward mass producing the main ingredient in all-solid-state batteries, which are seen as a next-generation power source for electric vehicles.

All-solid-state batteries contain solid electrolytes instead of the liquid ones found in lithium-ion batteries.

They have been hailed as a safer, fast-charging alternative for powering EVs, but production at significant levels remains years away. Solid-state batteries

Efforts to build a supply chain for them are moving ahead in Japan, which leads in patent applications for all-solid-state battery technology, followed closely by China.

AGC, the world’s leading automotive glass producer, has built a test facility for solid electrolytes inside the company’s Yokohama Technical Center.

Research is underway on combining up to 10 ingredients and melting them at below 1,000 C to produce a dark molten material. When it cools, the liquid solidifies into a yellow sulfide electrolyte.  Solid-state batteries

“Although it’s a late start, the new technology gives us good prospect of coming from behind,” said Naoki Okahata, a senior manager at AGC. The company announced its entry into sulfide electrolytes in September.

Toyota Motor is developing an all-solid-state battery that can be recharged in under 10 minutes and provide 1,200 kilometers per charge, more than double the range of today’s EVs. Toyota aims to roll out cars with all-solid-state batteries in 2027 or 2028.

Research and development into all-solid-state batteries in Japan goes back two or three decades, with Idemitsu among the pioneers. AGC’s program is less than four years old.

But since September, “the reception has been significant, and we’ve received inquiries from manufacturers around the world,” said an AGC representative.

Ions move more easily between electrodes through solid sulfide electrolytes than with liquid ones. Sulfide solid-state batteries are also resistant to temperature changes, allowing for reduced charge times, extended EV ranges and a smaller battery.

But sulfides are chemically unstable.  Solid-state batteries

To work in EVs, they need to overcome hurdles in durability and high production costs. One of the biggest challenges has been ensuring the chemicals are evenly combined, which has been difficult to do with conventional methods.

This is where AGC stepped in, with over 100 years of glassmaking know-how in melting together materials to produce a homogenous solid.

The company developed its own technology for melting together lithium sulfide and other materials to produce electrolytes of high consistency. The process speeds up the chemical reaction and shortens production time to less than a tenth of conventional methods.

“For automotive applications requiring a large amount of electrolyte, this ensures lower production costs,” Okahata said.

The cost to produce all-solid-state batteries can range from four to 25 times that of lithium-ion batteries, according to the Japan Science and Technology Agency.

Electrolytes account for 76% of materials costs. Lowering mass production costs will be key to bringing solid-state EV batteries into the mainstream.  Solid-state batteries

AGC’s process can also incorporate raw materials that are difficult to mix, which opens up a wider variety of compositions. Since lithium is relatively scarce, AGC looks to use material recycled from used batteries.

AGC will build a large pilot electrolyte facility by 2025, with the goal of bringing the product to market between 2027 and 2028. The company has set an annual revenue target of 10 billion yen ($66 million) by 2030 for the business.

Idemitsu, which ranks second in the world in patent applications for solid sulfide electrolytes, entered into a partnership with Toyota in October to mass produce all-solid-state batteries.


Solid-state batteries

Purecycle sends first shipments of recycled resin

Florida-based polypropylene (rPP) recycler Purecycle has sent out its first shipments of recycled resin after a force majeure and months of delay during construction.

Purecycle, which has built its first recycling plant in Ironton, Ohio, says its unique solvent-based recycling technology allows the company to create rPP that has properties closer to virgin material.

Purecycle said they have recycled 409,000 lbs, or 204.5t, of used polypropylene so far at its Ironton plant. The company has sent its first shipments of rPP to Formerra and Milliken, two US-based polymer producers.

Purecycle aims to increase its production to 4.45mn lbs of input capacity per year by 31 December.  Solid-state batteries

“Ironton is the first facility of its kind and as expected, we are working through many challenges in getting the facility to run on a continuous basis,” Chief executive Dustin Olson said. “We have identified a set of reliability and operational improvements that are expected to be addressed during a two-week outage in November, including the installation of an automatic screen changer on the final product extruder, which has impacted continuous run times.”

The company noted that most of its production issues have been as a result of mechanical issues that are part of an “operational learning curve”.


Solid-state batteries

New oil from plastic that pollutes the sea

Sea plastic is a huge environmental problem, but it can also be a valuable resource. Aenea, a research institute, has developed a way to transform more than 90% of the plastic recovered from the sea into new oil, using a chemical process called pyrolysis. Pyrolysis breaks down the plastic by heating it to over 400 degrees without oxygen.

The process also uses another waste material, the ash from coal plants, as a catalyst.

The new oil obtained from pyrolysis is very rich in hydrocarbons, which can be used to make fuels, high quality chemicals, new plastics, paints, solvents and many other products.  Solid-state batteries

The process is cleaner and more efficient than using the original oil.

The American Chemical Society has certified the results of Aenea’s technology and published them in its online journal ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering.

The challenge of reducing plastic pollution Plastic pollution is a global threat to the oceans and marine life.

Every year, the world produces 400 million tons of plastic waste, and at least 10 million tons end up in the oceans, forming huge floating islands of plastic debris.

These islands interfere with navigation and are only the tip of the iceberg of the damage caused by plastic.  Solid-state batteries

Plastic takes more than 600 years to degrade naturally, and in the sea it breaks into smaller pieces, called microplastics, that attract and absorb other pollutants, such as pesticides, fertilizers, industrial waste, detergents and cosmetics.

These microplastics then enter the food chain, affecting fish, mammals, birds and humans. The effects of plastic on health, nutrition, metabolism and hormones are unknown and worrying.

A local and circular solution The current methods of recycling and disposing of sea plastic are mainly based on mechanical processes, which have many limitations and difficulties, especially when the plastic is mixed with other materials.  Solid-state batteries

Catalytic pyrolysis, on the other hand, offers a more effective and sustainable solution, as it can handle large quantities of heterogeneous and unsorted waste.

Moreover, pyrolysis can be done locally, using small plants installed in ports, which could even produce fuel for boats from the plastic collected at sea, suggests Riccardo Tuffi, the Aenea researcher who carried out the research with his colleagues Lorenzo Cafiero and Doina De Angelis.

This would create a circular and zero-kilometer recycling system, turning a problem into an opportunity.

Solid-state batteries

Bio-based Leather Alternative for Auto Interiors Attracts Investment

NFW, a startup based in Peoria, IL, that produces non-petroleum-based leather alternatives for car interiors, has attracted investment from Asahi Kasei. The Japanese company and its US-based affiliate, Sage Automotive Interiors Inc., said it will work with NFW in a strategic partnership enabling another major step to support global automotive OEMs in reducing the environmental burden of automobiles.

NFW was founded in 2015 and has developed a platform capable of producing precision-engineered leather, foam, and textiles without using animal- or petrochemicals-based materials.  Solid-state batteries

The company’s patented leather alternative, called Mirum, is certified by the US Department of Agriculture as having 100% bio-based content, and is made from natural rubber, fibers, plant oils, pigments, and minerals. The material’s durability and quality make it a suitable replacement for traditional animal-based or synthetic leather products without the use of polyurethane or other coatings.

A yen for sustainable growth

Sage Automotive is engaged in the development, manufacture, and sale of innovative functional materials used in automobile interiors globally. Since its acquisition by Asahi Kasei in 2018, Sage has been strengthening its business activities in Europe and China through mergers and acquisitions, parallel to expanding its lineup of growth-potential materials such as suede and synthetic leather.  Solid-state batteries

As one of the leading global suppliers in the car seat fabric market, Sage has a strong presence among automakers and suppliers.

Dirk Pieper, chairman of the Sage board of directors and lead executive for the development and growth of Asahi Kasei’s overall automotive product offering, stated: “The cooperation with NFW will enable Asahi Kasei and Sage to assist global automakers in reducing the environmental burden of their cars. By jointly developing and manufacturing a non-petroleum-based and fully circular leather alternative, the Asahi Kasei Group takes a leading position in revolutionizing the market for car interior materials.”

Asahi Kasei earmarks $100 million for sustainability-minded startups

The cooperation with NFW is the first project within Asahi Kasei’s Care for Earth investment framework announced in April 2023.  Solid-state batteries


Bio-based Leather Alternative for Auto Interiors Attracts Investment

Novozymes launches Quara LowP

As the world seeks sustainable alternatives to traditional fuels, renewable diesel and SAF production have taken center stage. By 2030, vegetable oils are projected to account for over 40 percent of global feedstock used in renewable diesel and SAF production. However, producers have long grappled with challenges related to feedstock availability, pricing fluctuations, and the ever-increasing market demand.

To address these pressing issues, Novozymes has leveraged its extensive experience in enzymatic degumming, which has resulted in Quara LowP, an innovative solution that gives customers flexibility to process mixed feedstocks without negatively impacting their bottom line.  Solid-state batteries

“This innovation is a testament to our commitment to sustainable solutions for the renewable diesel and SAF industry. Quara LowP offers producers the flexibility to process blends of feedstocks resulting in increased efficiency, reduced operating costs, and lowered environmental impact. It is a great contribution to the industry and a reflection of Novozymes’ dedication to rethinking tomorrow,” said Hans Ole Klingenberg, VP of marketing, Agriculture & Industrial Biosolutions at Novozymes.

A sustainable solution for a growing demand

Quara LowP facilitates the efficient processing of HVO (Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil) and HEFA (Hydroprocessed Esters and Fatty Acids) feedstocks. By pretreating these feedstocks with Quara LowP, producers can achieve higher yields and significantly lower operational costs, all while reducing the environmental footprint of their operations.

This innovation holds profound significance for the HVO and SAF industry:
•    Increased efficiency: HVO/HEFA feedstock producers now have a means to process blends of vegetable oils with other lipid feedstocks without compromising yield or incurring additional operating costs.  Solid-state batteries

The current practice of overusing bleaching earth/bleaching clay to address contaminants in vegetable oils when blending with waste oils is a thing of the past. Quara LowP offers a more efficient and cost-effective solution.
•    Economic benefits: With Quara LowP, producers can enjoy increased yields and lower operating costs, overcoming process inefficiencies.
•    Environmental impact: The industry can benefit from a greener operation, with reduced waste handling hazards and lower water consumption, aligning with the global sustainability goals.  Solid-state batteries


Novozymes launches Quara LowP

Republic Services and Blue Polymers to develop plastics recycling complex

The move is part of a JV established between the companies earlier this year.

Republic Services and Blue Polymers have broken ground on a new plastics recycling complex in Indianapolis, US.

The site encompasses a Republic ‘Polymer Center’ and a Blue advanced polymer production facility.  Solid-state batteries

Both facilities are anticipated to be opened by the end of next year.

They are expected to promote the circularity of plastics and provide recycled materials for sustainable packaging and other applications.

The Indianapolis-based site will comprise two buildings with a combined area of approximately 286,000ft² and create roughly 125 permanent jobs for the local community.

Lauth Group has been selected for the development and construction of the project.

Republic recycling and sustainability vice-president Pete Keller said: “Through our Polymer Center network and Blue Polymers partnership, we’re helping customers achieve their ambitious recycled content goals by producing high-quality recycled plastics.

“As a leader in the environmental services industry and one of the nation’s largest recyclers, Republic Services is uniquely positioned to advance plastics circularity and the region’s circular economy while supporting Indianapolis’ vision for a more resilient future.”

Republic is establishing a national network of Polymer Centers alongside Blue Polymers’ production facilities via a joint venture (JV) established earlier this year.


Republic Services and Blue Polymers to develop plastics recycling complex

Polypropylene (PP) prices drift lower in Europe

This week, PP prices slipped in Europe.  Solid-state batteries
An industry source in Europe informed a Polymerupdate team member, “A bearish pricing sentiment prevailed in the European PP market as demand weakened ahead of winter. A moderate rise witnessed in consumer activity over the last two months has ebbed considerably, with a large number of market participants procuring inventories prior to the onset of winter and making purchases on a need-based basis.”
The source added, “Prices further trended lower as sellers were keen on destocking their excess inventories ahead of the winter season typically marked by depressed demand sentiments.”
In the spot markets, PP injection moulding grade prices were assessed at the Euro 1125-1135/mt FD North West Europe mark, a decline of Euro (-30/mt). PP block copolymer grade prices were assessed at the Euro 1175-1185/mt FD Northwest Europe levels, week on week sharply lower by Euro (-40/mt).
In the contract markets, PP injection moulding grade prices were assessed at the Euro 1420-1425/mt FD NWE Germany and FD NWE France levels, both fallen by Euro (-20/mt) from the previous week. PP injection moulding grade prices were assessed at the Euro 1410 1415/mt FD NWE Italy levels, a drop of Euro (-20/mt) from last week. Meanwhile, PP injection moulding grade prices were assessed at the GBP 1235-1240/mt FD NWE UK levels, week on week down by GBP (-15/mt).  Solid-state batteries
In the contract markets, PP block copolymer grade prices were assessed at the Euro 1500-1505/mt FD NWE Germany and FD NWE France levels, both lower by Euro (-20/mt) from last week. PP block copolymer grade prices were assessed at the Euro 1490-1495/mt FD NWE Italy levels, a drop of Euro (-20/mt) from the previous week. Meanwhile, PP block copolymer grade prices were assessed at the GBP 1305-1310/mt FD NWE UK levels, down GBP (-15/mt) from last week.
FCA Antwerp PP homopolymer prices were assessed at the Euro 1110-1140/mt levels, a week on week fall of Euro (-20/mt), while FCA Antwerp PP copolymer prices were assessed at the Euro 1160-1190/mt levels, a sharp week on week drop of Euro (-40/mt).
Upstream propylene spot prices on Thursday were assessed at the Euro 875-885/mt FD Northwest Europe levels, week on week rise of Euro (+15/mt).  Solid-state batteries


Polypropylene (PP) prices drift lower in Europe

Packaging waste – New project called GRAPHERGIA to revolutionize energy harvesting in textiles and battery technology 13-11-2023

Solid-state batteries

Petrochemicals PSF – General Motors plans to eliminate rare earths from electric cars 13-11-2023

Petrochemicals PSF

Petrochemicals PSF

  • Polymers : PET – r-PET – Filament grade semidull chips -Filament grade bright chips – Ny6 – Ny66 – PP
  • Feedstocks  PX – PTA – MEG – CPL – Adipic Acid – Benzene – ACN – Ethylene – Phenol – Naphtha
  • Textile : Polyester POY – DTY – FDY – PSF – Recycled Polyester POY – Nylon POY – DTY – FDY Spandex 20-30-40 -Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  Acrylic Staple Fiber 

Petrochemicals PSF

Petrochemicals PSF

ITEM 06/11/2023 13/11/2023 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 6,900 yuan/ton 6,900 yuan/ton
Bottle grade PET chips export market 880 $/ton 880 $/ton
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 6,780 yuan/ton 6,710 yuan/ton -70
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 6,830 yuan/ton 6,750 yuan/ton -80
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market 5,890 yuan/ton 5,825 yuan/ton -65
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 740 $/ton 740 $/ton
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 4,080 yuan/ton 4,100 yuan/ton +20
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 470 $/ton 478 $/ton +8
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market

Petrochemicals PSF

1,031 $/ton 998 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 1,008 $/ton 975 $/ton -33
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,150 $/ton 1,080 $/ton -70
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 7,280  yuan/ton 7,325 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,550 yuan/ton 7,350 yuan/ton -200
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 8,650 yuan/ton 8,700 yuan/ton +50
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F

Petrochemicals PSF

8,700 yuan/ton 8,700 yuan/ton
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 7,950 yuan/ton 7,950 yuan/ton
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,450 yuan/ton 7,400 yuan/ton -50
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 12,825 yuan/ton 12,800 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,600 $/ton 1,600 $/ton
Nylon 6 chips overseas  market 1,830 $/ton 1,830 $/ton
Nylon 6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 13,800 yuan/ton 13,850 yuan/ton +50
Nylon 6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market

Petrochemicals PSF

14,050 yuan/ton 14,050 yuan/ton
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market 20,000 yuan/ton 20,000 yuan/ton
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 16,150 yuan/ton 16,150 yuan/ton
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 18,300 yuan/ton 18,300 yuan/ton-
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  17,200 yuan/ton 17,000 yuan/ton -200
Spandex 20D  domestic  market

Petrochemicals PSF

36,500 yuan/ton 36,200 yuan/ton -300
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 35,000 yuan/ton 34,700 yuan/ton -300
Spandex 40D  domestic  market  32,000 yuan/ton 31,700 yuan/ton -300
Adipic Acid domestic market 9,150 yuan/ton 8,900 yuan/ton -250
Benzene domestic market

Petrochemicals PSF

7,940 yuan/ton 7,730 yuan/ton -210
Benzene overseas  market 905 $/ton 869 $/ton -36
Ethylene South East market 945 $/ton 940 $/ton -5
Ethylene NWE market 717 $/ton 836 $/ton +119
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market

Petrochemicals PSF

9,700 yuan/ton 10,200 yuan/ton +500
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market 1,200 $/ton 1,200 $/ton
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 14,600 yuan/ton 14,600 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 13,200 yuan/ton 13,150 yuan/ton -50
PP Powder domestic market

Petrochemicals PSF

7,350 yuan/ton 7,250 yuan/ton -100
Naphtha overseas market  658 $/ton 630 $/ton -28
Phenol domestic market 7,812 yuan/ton 7,857 yuan/ton +45

r-PET high end eco-friendly chips =7,900 yuan/ton 7,900 yuan/ton   –


Petrochemicals PSF

General Motors plans to eliminate rare earths from electric cars

The US company invests in Niron Magnetics, a startup that produces permanent magnets without critical minerals General Motors, the American carmaker that is preparing to launch only electric vehicles in Europe, is looking for ways to make its zero-emission future more affordable.

One of its partners is Niron Magnetics, a US startup that makes permanent magnets.

The startup, based in Minneapolis, claims to have developed the “first and only permanent magnet in the world with automotive-level power” that does not use rare earths: a technology that will be used in the rotors of GM’s electric motors.

This will help reduce the costs of battery-powered vehicles.

A cheaper and more available alternative General Motors says that electric vehicle powertrains are a “key element of the Ultium platform”, and that permanent magnets offer a “great opportunity to lower costs and environmental impact compared to traditional magnetic materials”.

However, the magnets that are currently used in EV motor rotors are “usually made of rare earth minerals such as terbium, dysprosium, praseodymium and neodymium: expensive elements that are mostly processed overseas”.

The Ultium platform that General Motors used for the Hummer EV Niron Magnetics, on the other hand, has a technology that is “completely free of critical materials, including rare or heavy rare earth minerals”.

It is called “Clean Earth Magnet ®” and it is based on iron nitride, “a cheap and abundant material, with great potential for commercial use in future electric vehicles”.

GM and the startup have agreed to work together to further develop the Clean Earth Magnet and apply it to the company’s upcoming electric cars.

“GM Ventures has also invested in Niron,” the carmaker adds.

“Everyone in an electric vehicle” “We think that Niron’s unique technology can play a key role in reducing rare earth minerals from electric vehicle engines and help us expand our supply chain in North America,” says Anirvan Coomer, president of GM Ventures.

Jonathan Rowntree, CEO of Niron Magnetics, agrees.

“We believe our Clean Earth magnets can help GM achieve its goal of putting everyone in an electric vehicle.”

General Motors plans to eliminate rare earths from electric cars

Packaging waste – New project called GRAPHERGIA to revolutionize energy harvesting in textiles and battery technology 13-11-2023

Packaging waste

Petrochemicals PSF – General Motors plans to eliminate rare earths from electric cars


Packaging waste

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Axium Packaging acquires Italian company Silte srl

Axium Packaging, specialising in the production of jars, bottles and closures in PET, recycled PET & PP, PCR PP for personal care and food markets, has signed the acquisition of the Italian company Silte srl.

Silte srl, family-owned SME based in Budrio next to Bologna in Italy, is specialising in the production of bottles and jars by extrusion blow and by blow moulding in 2 steps for the Italian markets of personal care, cosmetics and detergents. Founded in 1970, the company Silte generates a turnover of €7.5 million and employs 25 people at its Italian production site. Packaging waste

The integration of the Italian company within the group is intended to enable Axium Packaging to strengthen its presence in Italy and is expanding the ranges of customised and standard packaging from the group while remaining in line with the strategic development objective. This includes offering eco-designed packaging including a customised container and a closure solution, says Axium. The acquisition is claimed to strengthen the position of the group, which is established throughout Europe and currently has five production sites employing 385 people, with consolidated turnover of almost €80 million after this acquisition.

Complementing its range of plastic packaging, Silte is expected to leverage synergies within the group’s other companies to enhance its products and services offerings in the Italian market, with a particular focus on the food industry. Packaging waste


Packaging waste

Lummus and Citroniq Announce Licensing and Engineering Agreements for Green Polypropylene Plants

Agreements highlight Lummus and Citroniq’s progress in meeting surging demand for sustainable polypropylene  

 Lummus Technology, a global provider of process technologies and value-driven energy solutions, and Citroniq Chemicals announced that the two companies have signed licensing and engineering agreements for green polypropylene plants in the U.S. The first plant, scheduled for completion in 2027, will produce 400kta of bio-polypropylene and will be first in North America with this production capability.  Packaging waste

“This agreement demonstrates the progress we continue to make with Citroniq in establishing the first world-scale sustainable bio-polypropylene production process in North America,” said Romain Lemoine, Chief Business Officer of Polymers and Petrochemicals, Lummus Technology. “Combining Lummus’ leadership in polypropylene licensing with Citroniq’s carbon negative production capabilities will help us meet the growing demand for bio-polypropylene and accelerate the decarbonization of the downstream energy industry.”

“Citroniq’s four-plant bio-polypropylene licensing agreement with Lummus Technology is a testament of our commitment to bring sustainable plastics at world-class scale to the marketplace,” said Mel Badheka, President & Co-Founder of Citroniq Chemicals.

In April 2023, Lummus and Citroniq formed a partnership to develop four green polypropylene plants in North America using Lummus’ Verdene polypropylene technology suite. The licensing and engineering agreements announced today are for the first of the four plants.  Packaging waste

The Verdene suite includes four Lummus technologies: ethanol to ethylene technology, dimer technology, olefins conversion technology and polypropylene technology. Lummus is the only technology provider able to supply all the proven, low energy technologies to produce renewable green polypropylene from biogenic ethanol.ù


Packaging waste

New project called GRAPHERGIA to revolutionize energy harvesting in textiles and battery technology

A consortium of 11 partners from six European countries has launched the GRAPHERGIA project, an ambitious 3.5-year Research and Innovation program, funded by €4.5 million under the Horizon Europe’s Graphene Flagship initiative. \

Aimed at redefining the integration of energy solutions into everyday life, GRAPHERGIA aims to transform how we use and store energy. Its main goal is to develop and deploy cutting-edge graphene-based materials into energy harvesting and storage devices. These advances would enable scalable and cost-efficient production of two-dimensional (2D) material technologies for a wide array of applications.  Packaging waste

The project kicked off on 2-3 November 2023 with a commitment to pioneering the domain of smart textiles. “We envision a world where your clothing does more than just look good—it powers your devices, acts as a sensor and connects you seamlessly to the Internet of Things (IoT),” says Prof. Spyros Yannopoulos, the project coordinator for GRAPHERGIA. “Imagine e-textiles that not only adapt to your body but also charge themselves. This is the future we are creating.”

The second key area of exploration for the GRAPHERGIA project is the development of next-generation electrodes for Li-ion batteries. By leveraging the consortium partners’ proprietary technologies, GRAPHERGIA aims to capitalize on the unique properties of 2D materials to enhance battery life and performance, all while maintaining an environmentally friendly footprint.  Packaging waste

“As we move from current technology readiness levels to higher grounds, GRAPHERGIA stands at the forefront of materials engineering. Our collaborative effort aims to bring pilot-scale innovations to the marketplace, setting new benchmarks for the energy sector,” adds Prof. Yannopoulos.


New project called GRAPHERGIA to revolutionize energy harvesting in textiles and battery technology

Sidel Launches Ultra-Small, Ultra-Light PET Bottle for Liquid Dairy Drinks

Sidel’s drinkable yogurt bottles from 65 to 150 ml save material and energy in production, and they’re qualified for 100% rPET.

The latest lightweight PET bottle and preform design from Sidel is aimed at drinkable and probiotic yogurts in sizes from 65 to 150 ml and is suitable for ambient and cold-chain processes. The new small bottle could also be used for juice, nectar, soft drinks, isotonics and tea.  Packaging waste

The global yogurt and probiotic market is predicted to grow at 9.3% from 2023 to 2030, aided by PET’s food-grade bottle-to-bottle recyclability and cost savings that Sidel pegs at up to 20% when switching from HDPE.

Sidel claims best-in-class bottle weights of 3.9 g for a 100-ml extended shelf-life bottle and 5.4 g for a 100-ml aseptic bottle, achieved through a dedicated preform design. The new bottles are qualified for 100% rPET and also enable energy-saving low blowing pressure below 15 bar. The new preform design reportedly ensures a wide process window, even with reduced heating zones.

In addition, the new bottles are compatible with Sidel’s Aseptic Combi Predis FMa aseptic system with dry preform decontamination.  Packaging waste


Sidel Launches Ultra-Small, Ultra-Light PET Bottle for Liquid Dairy Drinks

PLASTICS Report Shows Strong Global Demand for Plastics

The Plastics Industry Association report shows that the U.S. plastics industry’s trade volume for 2022 grew 9.7%.

The Plastics Industry Association (PLASTICS) released its annual Global Trends report during a press briefing and keynote address at the Plastimagen trade show in Mexico City. Presented by PLASTICS’ Chief Economist Perc Pineda, the report found that while global trade volume expanded by 2.7% in 2022, according to the World Trade Organization (WTO), trade volume for the U.S. plastics industry over the same time period grew at more than three times that rate, coming in at 9.7%.  Packaging waste

For 2023, WTO is forecasting a 0.8% increase in world merchandise trade volume, but data from the first half of the year indicates a decline in plastics trade volume compared to the first half of 2022. During this time, however, the U.S. trade balance shifted from a $5.2 billion deficit to a $1.0 billion surplus. Pineda concluded that “it would not be surprising” if the U.S. plastics industry’s trade volume in 2023 once again outpaced the growth in total global merchandise volume.  Packaging waste

China’s slowdown could hinder that growth, given that the country ranks as the third-largest export market for U.S. plastics, Pineda noted. Overall, the U.S. has a trade deficit with China in all plastics; however, it enjoys a $3.1 billion trade surplus in resin.

U.S. plastics industry exports rose 11.8% and imports rose 7.2%, shrinking the overall plastics trade deficit to $7.4 billion in 2022 from $10.0 billion in 2021.

The Global Trends report found that 2022 apparent consumption of plastics industry goods in the U.S. increased 13.7% to $393.3 billion, up from $345.9 billion in 2021.

Global plastics trade volume is estimated to have reached $1.7 trillion, with China, the U.S. and Germany ranking as the top three players in the global plastics trade, based on PLASTICS’ annual Global Plastics Ranking. Packaging waste

PLASTICS Report Shows Strong Global Demand for Plastics

The Italian economy could face a serious threat from the new European rules on packaging and packaging waste, which are about to be voted on in the European Parliament

This is the warning issued by the main associations representing the industry, agri-food and distribution sectors in Italy, who have also contacted Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni to express their concerns.

The new Regulation, which is being drafted in Brussels, would affect more than 30% of Italy’s GDP, with negative effects on the whole economic system, employment and consumer protection.

It would also undermine Italy’s leadership in recycling and ignore more sustainable alternatives such as fully biodegradable bioplastics.  Packaging waste

This is the content of a joint letter signed by Confindustria, Confcooperative, Confcommercio, Confartigianato, Federdistribuzione, and sent to the Prime Minister in the last few days; a position that was also reiterated during a meeting held yesterday in the European Parliament with the Permanent Representation of the Italian Government to the European Union.

The appeal is also supported by Assobioplastiche, which represents the Italian supply chain of compostable plastics.

The damage – the letter states – would not only affect the packaging sector, but also crucial sectors for Italy such as the entire agri-food chain, from production to processing and distribution, putting at risk tens of thousands of businesses and hundreds of thousands of jobs.  Packaging waste

According to the signatories, the proposal would also have an impact on a sector such as that of compostable and fully biodegradable bioplastics, by introducing a series of restrictions on their use, limiting innovation in packaging and preventing the recovery of the huge investments made in innovation and biorefineries.

“The concrete risk – says Rosario Rago, member of the Confagricoltura Council – is that of damaging entire strategic sectors of Made in Italy, with incalculable consequences on the security of supplies and on the national distribution chains, which are also highly integrated at European level”.  Packaging waste

“The most affected ones – he adds – would be the companies in the food supply chain, the core of the national economy and the driving force for exports, since food packaging in general, including disposable packaging, among the most directly affected, is essential for the protection and preservation of food, information on product traceability and hygiene.

Not to mention the risk of the possible loss of hundreds of thousands of jobs.”

The Packaging Regulation was recently amended by the Environment Committee of the European Parliament and will be voted on in this form during the plenary session scheduled for 20 to 23 November, although with the possibility of amendments.

The text resulting from the vote will then be discussed in the Trilogue between the Commission, Council and EU Parliament.  Packaging waste

The Italian economy could face a serious threat from the new European rules on packaging and packaging waste, which are about to be voted on in the European Parliament

Hydrogen Cars – Recover™ And Valdese Weavers Partner For Circularity In The Home Textiles Industry 11-11-2023

Packaging waste

Hydrogen Cars – Recover™ And Valdese Weavers Partner For Circularity In The Home Textiles Industry 11-11-2023

Hydrogen Cars

Do Hydrogen Cars Waste Water?

In recent years, hydrogen-powered cars have gained attention as a potential solution to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and combat climate change. These vehicles use hydrogen fuel cells to generate electricity, emitting only water vapor as a byproduct. However, a common question arises: do hydrogen cars waste water? Let’s explore this topic and shed light on the matter.

Hydrogen Cars and Water Consumption

Contrary to popular belief, hydrogen cars do not waste water. The water vapor emitted from the tailpipe of a hydrogen car is a byproduct of the chemical reaction that occurs within the fuel cell. This reaction combines hydrogen fuel with oxygen from the air, resulting in the production of electricity and water vapor. Therefore, the water vapor released is simply a natural consequence of the car’s operation and does not contribute to water waste.  Hydrogen Cars

Water Recycling in Hydrogen Cars

It is important to note that hydrogen cars have a water recycling system in place. This system collects and recycles the water vapor produced during the vehicle’s operation. The collected water is then reused within the fuel cell, ensuring a closed-loop system that minimizes water consumption. This recycling process further emphasizes the efficiency and sustainability of hydrogen cars.

FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Can the water emitted by hydrogen cars be used for other purposes?
A: The water vapor emitted by hydrogen cars is generally in small quantities and not suitable for use in other applications. It is primarily released into the atmosphere as harmless water vapor.  Hydrogen Cars

Q: How does the water recycling system in hydrogen cars work?
A: The water recycling system in hydrogen cars collects the water vapor emitted during operation, purifies it, and reintroduces it into the fuel cell. This closed-loop system ensures minimal water consumption.

Q: Are hydrogen cars more water-efficient than traditional combustion engine cars?
A: Yes, hydrogen cars are more water-efficient than traditional combustion engine cars. While traditional cars emit pollutants and do not generate water as a byproduct, hydrogen cars produce only water vapor, making them environmentally friendly.

In conclusion, hydrogen cars do not waste water.  Hydrogen Cars


Hydrogen Cars

Recover™ And Valdese Weavers Partner For Circularity In The Home Textiles Industry

November 9, 2023Valdese Weavers, a producer of decorative textiles in the United States for residential and contract markets, has partnered with global recycled cotton fiber producer, Recover™, to transform the home textile industry. The two innovative textile leaders, both at different stages of the supply chain, intend to capitalize on their combined expertise to drive the use of sustainable materials in the industry.

Valdese Weavers has more than 100 years of textile experience and works with a full range of furniture manufacturers, distributors, and retailers to deliver unparalleled design through their vertical manufacturing facilities. The company understands the importance of choosing responsible raw materials, and already offers a collection of environmentally conscious products. By partnering with Recover™, they can offer the highest quality decorative fabrics made with RCS/GRS verified Recover™ recycled fiber and help brands and retailers to reduce their environmental impact caused by virgin raw material production.  Hydrogen Cars

Blake Millinor, President and CEO of Valdese Weavers, commented: “We are proud to partner with Recover™ as a natural fiber platform for our customers searching for sustainable fabrics. Recover™ compliments our sustainable product offering by helping create a more circular material solution. We are excited to be working with the Recover™ team to tell this unique story and develop more responsible textile solutions for our customers”.

Recover™ has perfected the art and science of scaled production of recycled cotton fiber over more than 75 years, and today, the company is supported by leading institutional investors including STORY3 Capital, Goldman Sachs, Fortress Investment Group and Eldridge Industries.  Hydrogen Cars

Its recycled cotton fiber is fundamentally transforming the textile industry, making significant environmental savings compared to virgin and organic cotton, and it is one of the most sought-after fibers in the recycled materials space. The integration of Recover™ fiber into Valdese Weaver’s product lines, enables the textile mill to remain frontrunners in delivering sustainable and innovative fabrics, and accelerate the production of low-impact products such as sofas, cushions, and curtains.


Hydrogen Cars

Amcor to source mechanically recycled polyethylene from NOVA Chemicals

The multiyear collaboration will focus on the incorporation of mechanically recycled polyethylene resin in flexible packaging films.

Amcor has unveiled a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with sustainable polyethene producer Nova Chemicals Corporati  Hydrogen Cars

This multiyear collaboration focuses on Amcor’s commitment to circular content, emphasising the incorporation of mechanically recycled polyethene resin (rPE) in flexible packaging films.

Fuelling circular content with SYNDIGO rPE resin

The heart of this collaboration lies in the supply agreement that positions Amcor to procure SYNDIGO rPE resin.  Hydrogen Cars

This resin, scheduled to be produced at NOVA Chemicals’ mechanical recycling facility in Connersville, Indiana, is anticipated to commence operations as early as 2025.

Amcor flexibles North America president Fred Stephan expressed enthusiasm, stating: “This is an exciting opportunity for us to supplement our rPE supply as we strive to achieve a 30% recycled material usage across our global portfolio by 2030.”

Driving sustainable practices

Amcor’s strategic move aligns with its global vision to foster sustainability and packaging circularity.  Hydrogen Cars

By integrating rPE into flexible packaging films, the company aims to assist brand owners in meeting recycled content targets, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and actively contributing to the preservation of the environment.

NOVA circular solutions vice-president Greg DeKunder shared the sentiment, stating: “Reshaping plastics for a better future will take collaboration within our industry, and we share Amcor’s commitment to further global packaging circularity.”

NOVA Chemicals’ expansion to propel circular solutions

In parallel, NOVA Chemicals unveiled plans to expand its recycling footprint across North America in the coming years.  Hydrogen Cars


Hydrogen Cars

Honda, Mitsubishi Chemical Develop Colored Acrylic Resin for Car Bodies

Article-Honda, Mitsubishi Chemical Develop Colored Acrylic Resin for Car Bodies

Mitsubishi Chemical and Honda Motor are jointly developing a PMMA (polymethyl methacrylate acrylic) acrylic compound for automotive body components such as doors and front fenders. Two concept models — the Sustaina-C and Pocket concept cars — using these materials are exhibited at the Honda booth in the Japan Mobility Show 2023 which concludes on Nov. 5, 2023, in Tokyo.  Hydrogen Cars

Painted steel is the most commonly used material for automobile bodies, but Mitsubishi Chemical and Honda aim to transform the status quo by developing a new acrylic resin material that can be adopted for doors, hoods, fenders, and other automotive body parts. The compound is composed of acrylic resin and rubber particles to improve the impact resistance required for automobile bodies.

Acrylic resins are highly transparent and can be toned to a variety of colors, enabling manufacturers to create glossy surfaces simply by adding colorants. It also helps reduce CO2 emissions generated in the painting process.  Hydrogen Cars

Furthermore, acrylic resin is suitable for recycling because it can be decomposed into acrylic raw materials at high yields by heating. With a view to starting operation of a recycling plant in fiscal 2025, Mitsubishi Chemical aims to commercialize an acrylic resin molecular recycling business. Closed-loop recycling trials conducted in collaboration with Honda and Microwave Chemical Co. Ltd. have yielded recycled products comparable in quality to conventional products. Mitsubishi Chemical expects to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through this technology over the entire product life cycle by about 50% compared with current practices.  Hydrogen Cars


Honda, Mitsubishi Chemical Develop Colored Acrylic Resin for Car Bodies

The tech to recycle clothes is only just being invented

The vast waste and pollution caused by the fashion industry has made recycling clothes a top priority, but only now are simple tasks like pulling the sole off a shoe being done by machines.

CETIA, a company in the southwest of France is finally offering some mechanical solutions to the challenges of recycling clothes.

Its research team has invented a machine that uses artificial intelligence to scan garments, identify hard elements like zippers and buttons, and use a laser to cut them out.  Hydrogen Cars

It has also built a machine that grabs shoes in a large mechanical arm and yanks off the soles.

In a world of space travel and vaccines, that may seem a relatively rudimentary piece of technology, but it had simply never been done before.

“It was a chicken and egg question. No one was recycling soles because we couldn’t separate them from the shoe, and no one was separating them because there was no recycling,” said Chloe Salmon Legagneur, director of CETIA.

Previously, recyclers had to bake the shoes for many hours to melt the glue and then pull the sole off by hand.  Hydrogen Cars

“There’s nothing spectacular in what we’ve done,” Legagneur said. “But we’ve done it.”

For now, barely one percent of textiles in Europe are turned back into new clothes. Most end up as housing insulation, padding or asphalt for paving roads.

That is because clothes are usually a complex mix of materials that must be separated carefully to keep the fibers in good condition if there is any hope of respinning them into new garments.

Usually done by hand, CETIA says its AI-laser machine can do this at a much faster rate that is rapidly evolving as it perfects the technology.

It also has machines that can sort clothes by color and composition at a rate of one per second.

The reason these inventions are finally emerging is that tough new European rules are imminent that will force clothing companies to use a set amount of recycled fibers in their garments.  Hydrogen Cars

CETIA’s work is backed by big retailers like Decathlon and Zalando who are urgently looking for industrial-scale solutions.

There are also political incentives. The French government sees the potential for new manufacturing jobs if recycling technology allows it to deal with some of the 200,000 tonnes of textile waste currently being shipped abroad each year.

CETIA’s focus is on preparing textiles for reuse. Other companies must now start melting down the separated soles and turning them into new ones.

But it is an important first step.  Hydrogen Cars


The tech to recycle clothes is only just being invented

Is Piovan Using Too Much Debt?

The external fund manager backed by Berkshire Hathaway’s Charlie Munger, Li Lu, makes no bones about it when he says ‘The biggest investment risk is not the volatility of prices, but whether you will suffer a permanent loss of capital.’ So it might be obvious that you need to consider debt, when you think about how risky any given stock is, because too much debt can sink a company. We can see that Piovan S.p.A.  does use debt in its business. But should shareholders be worried about its use of debt?

What Risk Does Debt Bring?

Debt is a tool to help businesses grow, but if a business is incapable of paying off its lenders, then it exists at their mercy.  Hydrogen Cars

Ultimately, if the company can’t fulfill its legal obligations to repay debt, shareholders could walk away with nothing. While that is not too common, we often do see indebted companies permanently diluting shareholders because lenders force them to raise capital at a distressed price. Having said that, the most common situation is where a company manages its debt reasonably well – and to its own advantage. The first step when considering a company’s debt levels is to consider its cash and debt together.

How Much Debt Does Piovan Carry?

As you can see below, Piovan had €174.0m of debt, at June 2023, which is about the same as the year before. You can click the chart for greater detail. However, because it has a cash reserve of €73.8m, its net debt is less, at about €100.3m.  Hydrogen Cars

A Look At Piovan’s Liabilities

According to the last reported balance sheet, Piovan had liabilities of €207.6m due within 12 months, and liabilities of €140.0m due beyond 12 months. Offsetting this, it had €73.8m in cash and €106.4m in receivables that were due within 12 months. So its liabilities total €167.4m more than the combination of its cash and short-term receivables.

While this might seem like a lot, it is not so bad since Piovan has a market capitalization of €469.5m, and so it could probably strengthen its balance sheet by raising capital if it needed to. But it’s clear that we should definitely closely examine whether it can manage its debt without dilution.  Hydrogen Cars

In order to size up a company’s debt relative to its earnings, we calculate its net debt divided by its earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA) and its earnings before interest and tax (EBIT) divided by its interest expense (its interest cover). Thus we consider debt relative to earnings both with and without depreciation and amortization expenses.

Piovan has a low net debt to EBITDA ratio of only 1.5. And its EBIT covers its interest expense a whopping 30.6 times over. So you could argue it is no more threatened by its debt than an elephant is by a mouse. On top of that, Piovan grew its EBIT by 69% over the last twelve months, and that growth will make it easier to handle its debt. There’s no doubt that we learn most about debt from the balance sheet. But it is Piovan’s earnings that will influence how the balance sheet holds up in the future. So when considering debt, it’s definitely worth looking at the earnings trend.  Hydrogen Cars

Finally, while the tax-man may adore accounting profits, lenders only accept cold hard cash. So we clearly need to look at whether that EBIT is leading to corresponding free cash flow. Over the most recent three years, Piovan recorded free cash flow worth 76% of its EBIT, which is around normal, given free cash flow excludes interest and tax. This cold hard cash means it can reduce its debt when it wants to.


Is Piovan Using Too Much Debt?

Chlorophyll Water launches 100% rPET bottles with Clean Flake technology

Chlorophyll Water has transitioned to bottles made from 100% rPET with Clean Flake technology. These rPET bottles are manufactured from food-grade PET which is recycled as per the technologies approved by the US FDA and European Food Safety Authority (Efsa) for food-grade recycled material and repurposed into new PET bottles.

“As a brand, Chlorophyll Water is committed to sustainability and implementation of new ideas and technology which can improve the impact that packaging has on our environment,” explains founder Matt Levine, “in utilising bottles made from 100% recycled plastic, our intention is to make a meaningful environmental impact – addressing the plastic waste challenge, minimising our use of virgin, fossil-fuel based packaging.”

To accompany their bottle made from 100% recycled plastic, Chlorophyll Water selected Avery Dennison’s Clean Flake label technology as their label to help improve the yield of high-quality, food grade PET in the recycling process.  Hydrogen Cars

The technology is built on a water-based adhesive technology that is claimed to separate cleanly from PET during the caustic wash stage of the recycling process.

Chlorophyll Water is a plant-powered purified water enhanced by nature with the addition of Chlorophyll, a key ingredient and the distinct green pigment in plant life. It is carbon-filtered using triple filtration and is UV-treated for a high level of purity.


Chlorophyll Water launches 100% rPET bottles with Clean Flake technology

Circular Textiles – One million tonnes of plastic additives pollute the world’s oceans each year 10-11-2023

Hydrogen Cars

Circular Textiles – One million tonnes of plastic additives pollute the world’s oceans each year 10-11-2023

Circular Textiles

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Automation – Sorting the Circular Textiles Gap

Advanced technologies for the classification and pre-processing of waste garments are now an urgent requirement, as the textile industry looks to close the loop. All the indications are that by 2030, recycling will have become a much bigger part of the global picture, and automation has a major role to play, especially in sorting and pre-processing.

Automated processes are already highly developed all along the global textile and garment manufacturing chain. Circular Textiles

The supply chain is, however, still strictly linear, while being highly complex – spanning from fibres to finished garments and still involving tremendous waste and many unnecessary transportation steps globally on the route from the first chemical processing plants or cotton fields to the shelves of High Street stores.

In addition to continuing to address these issues, the supply chain will now very quickly have to become more circular, as legislation closes in and changes things dramatically.

New Restrictions

There is an immediate need for advanced new technologies that can close the loop for the collection, sorting and pre-processing of waste garments, in order for recycling to be further developed, especially in the European Union (EU), which will be first in imposing new restrictions. Circular Textiles

As previously reported by Fibre2Fashion, over seven million tons of waste textiles is being mandated to be separately collected each year within the EU from 2025. It will be paid for by the brands who put product into the market via the new Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) scheme, and this waste is no longer eligible to be landfilled, incinerated or moved on to other countries. As such, it will create a 32 million-ton mountain of new waste by 2030 without immediate action.

Worn Again Technologies

The huge challenge this poses was emphasised by a number of speakers at the 62nd Dornbirn Global Manmade Fibers (GFC) conference held in Austria from September 13-15, including Toby Moss, director of business development for Worn Again Technologies. Circular Textiles

Worn Again Technologies has raised funding of some €42.9 million to support the construction of its new textile chemical recycling demonstration plant in Winterthur, Switzerland, and counts Sulzer, Oerlikon and fashion retailer H&M among its key strategic investors.

The demonstration plant will be opened in 2025 and will recycle fibres from hard-to-recycle fabric blends using a solvent-based process, with an annual capacity of 1,000 tons. (Just for context, annual global fibre consumption is currently 120 million tons.)

Licensing model

Worn Again, however, is a technology licensing company and does not plan to build its own facilities, but is working with technology partners who will quickly build much larger-scale commercial plants. Circular Textiles

The first of these is expected to come onstream in Europe and have annual capacities of approximately 50,000 tons per annum by as early as 2027-28, when feedstock streams from waste textiles have sufficiently built up.

“At the moment, most current recyclers are focused on post-industrial waste, but demand will soon outstrip supply, which will lead to a rush into post-consumer textile waste,” Moss said. “At the same time, recycling capacity is not yet growing as fast as demand, while bottle companies are getting a lot better at bottle collection so a lot of rPET from bottles currently used in textile production will not be available. As a result, recycled content in textiles is likely to go down rather than up for a period and this indicates some healthy price premiums for the first companies producing recycled PET polyester fibres with the same performance as virgin fibres.”  Circular Textiles

As with many other current recycling technologies being developed and planning industrial upscaling in the near future, success is in part hinged on the collection and sorting of waste clothing becoming much more sophisticated – and quickly.


Circular Textiles

UK-based Colorifix aims to bring environmentally friendly fabric-dyeing solution to China and Southeast Asia in 2025

  • Biotech start-up will focus on markets in India and Sri Lanka next year, before making its move to China and Southeast Asia
  • Production life-cycle using its solution can help reduce carbon emission by 31 per cent, water consumption by 77 per cent and chemical usage by 80 per cent

Colorifix, a finalist for Prince William’s Earthshot prize, aims to bring its environmentally friendly fabric-dyeing solution to markets in China and Southeast Asia in 2025 to help tackle pollution in the garment manufacturing industry.  Circular Textiles

The biotech start-up uses DNA sequences from nature and microorganisms to create pigments that can be fixed onto fabrics in a way that significantly reduces water and chemical usage, as well as the carbon footprint in the dyeing process.

The UK firm will make its foray into the Asian markets from the first half of next year, starting with India, the world’s fifth-largest producer of textiles, and Sri Lanka, according to its chief operating officer Christopher Hunter. The firm is still in “very early stages” of establishing its presence in China, he added.

“China is a very important market for textiles,” Hunter said in a video interview on Tuesday. Circular Textiles

“We are aware that there are increasing environmental targets for the industry in China, which might in some way accelerate our entry. It won’t be before 2025.”

China announced in April last year that it aimed to recycle 25 per cent of its textile waste and churn out 2 million tonnes of recycled fibre by 2025, part of its big push to achieve peak carbon emissions by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2060. That included promoting green and low-carbon production in the textile industry.


Circular Textiles

The battery is the key factor for electric cars’ convenience and affordability. The battery is also the main source of anxiety and doubt for many drivers

It is obvious that the high price of electric cars is related to the battery.

Let’s see why. Electric cars: the battery determines the economic difference Electric cars are gradually winning over drivers, especially in Italy, that the energy transition is possible on a large scale.  Circular Textiles

However, the electric transition imposed by the European Union in a short time is not very encouraging for the switch from thermal engines to electric ones.

What makes electric cars less attractive is the high cost of eco-friendly vehicles, which are on average between 10,000 and 15,000 euros more expensive than a combustion car in the same segment and, as expected, not everyone can afford them.

How can the costs be lowered and what are they mainly due to? The answer is simple: to the batteries.  Circular Textiles

Andy Palmer, former operations director of Nissan and responsible for the first Leaf, confirmed this and also predicted a drop in prices in the next few years.

Cheap electric cars: we need smaller batteries and a change of mentality Andy Palmer, former operations director of Nissan, provided the solution to lower the costs of electric cars.

He said: “The solution for an affordable electric vehicle is not to wait for the technology to mature, it’s not necessarily playing with the chemistry: it’s simply using a smaller battery. But to have a smaller battery you need charging infrastructure, that’s the key.

A decent charging network including home chargers probably has around 15 million charging points and we are a long way from that at the moment.

Unless an effective infrastructure is achieved quickly, people will not naturally transition to electric vehicles.  Circular Textiles

People will continue to mention range anxiety and you won’t change that mindset. With a ubiquitous network, people won’t worry so much about battery life, they’ll know they can always plug into a charger and that’s when a smaller battery can be accepted.

That’s when you get the transformation.” However, not only a technical change is needed, but also a mental one by the consumers, as David Greenwood, expert in advanced propulsion systems at the Warwick Manufacturing Group, explained: “The key is not to buy an EV with more battery capacity than you need, if you spend a fortune on a car capable of 500 miles and then only drive 10 miles a day, you’re paying for the battery and all the systems, but not you will save on fuel to cover them.  Circular Textiles

A manufacturer could make three different module models and assemble them into eight different models to achieve economies of scale at the module level.

Something that would allow us to obtain economies of scale and introduce much larger cells.

While in the early days batteries like Tesla’s contained thousands of small cells, the future will see batteries containing hundreds of much larger cells.”

Circular Textiles

Korean petrochemical firms ramp up carbon fiber production

The South Korean petrochemical industry is ramping up the production of carbon fiber, a part of its focus on high value-added businesses to develop mid- to long-term growth engines amid a prolonged slump in the market.  Circular Textiles
According to multiple industry sources on Tuesday, Hyosung Advanced Materials Corp. plans to expand its carbon fiber production capacity, which currently stands at 9,000 tons per year, to 16,500 in 2024, 21,500 tons in 2025, and 24,000 tons by 2028.

The company has also decided to establish a new carbon fiber production entity, Hyosung Vina Core Materials Co., in Ba Ria-Vung Tau Province in southern Vietnam.
Toray Advanced Materials Korea Inc. also recently held a groundbreaking ceremony for the expansion of its carbon fiber unit 3 in Gumi City, North Gyeongsang Province.

The company plans to expand its annual carbon fiber production capacity to 8,000 tons by 2025 from 4,700 tons.  Circular Textiles
Carbon fiber is called “super fiber” as it weighs one-fourth of iron but is over 10 times stronger.

Demand is growing in many areas, including compressed natural gas (CNG), compressed hydrogen storage, automotive parts, and wind blades.

The market for carbon fiber, also dubbed the “rice of the future,” is expected to grow at nearly 10 percent on average annually.
Global demand for polyacrylonitrile (PAN) carbon fiber is expected to increase to 327,000 tons in 2035 from 112,000 tons in 2023, according to Japanese market research firm Fuji Keizai Co.  Circular Textiles
The recent decisions by petrochemical companies to enter the carbon fiber business come as they seek growth engines with high value-added products amid a sluggish market. Hyosung Advanced Materials, whose flagship product is tire reinforcement materials, posted sales of 783.3 billion won ($597.03 million) in the third quarter, down 20 percent from a year ago, and an operating profit of 35.7 billion won, down 46 percent.

Sales of tire reinforcements and seat belts and airbags fell 29 percent and 15 percent respectively from a year earlier to 426.5 billion won and 141.3 billion won each. The decline is likely due to the slowdown in the automotive industry.
Meanwhile, the carbon and aramid fiber segments saw solid demand and posted an 11 percent increase in sales that hit 90.7 billion won during the period.
The securities industry forecasts that Hyosung Advanced Materials’ operating profit from the carbon fiber segment will outperform that of the tire reinforcement business from the second half of 2024.  Circular Textiles
Increased solar power generation is also driving demand for carbon fiber. Recently, carbon fiber has been in demand for insulation materials used to produce polysilicon and ingots, which are key value chains in the solar industry.
Ceramic was used for insulation previously but is being replaced by carbon fiber for its short replacement cycle.
Hyosung Advanced Materials’ carbon fiber brand TANSOME? 

Coca Cola, Nestlé face scrutiny on recycled bottles claims


Dutch consumer watchdog Consumentenbond has joined European consumer organisation Beuc and other groups from 12 EU countries in a legal complaint against food and drink giants Coca Cola, Danone and Nestlé for misleading claims about recycling plastic bottles.
The groups on Tuesday filed a case to the European Commission and consumer protection authorities’ network CPC calling for an investigation into claims that plastic water bottles sold across Europe are ‘100% recyclable’ or ‘100% recycled’.  Circular Textiles

They also denounced the use of images suggesting that plastic bottles have no impact on the environment. The groups argue such claims are “factually incorrect” and do not comply with EU rules as they mislead consumers.

The recycling rate for PET plastic bottles is estimated to be 55% across the EU and the likelihood of it becoming a bottle again is around 30%, the groups say.

The claims also do not consider that virgin materials can be added during manufacturing and parts of a plastic water bottle, such as lids and labels, cannot be made from recycled plastic.  Circular Textiles

Drinks bottles are one of the top sources of plastic pollution on European beaches, the organisations noted and in October Dutch government inspectors said that the private sector is not doing enough to make sure more plastic bottles are collected.

“Using 100% recycled or recyclable claims or displaying nature images and green visuals that insinuate that plastic is environmentally friendly is misleading consumers.

Such claims however can be found on many bottles sold across Europe.

The problem is that there’s no guarantee it will be fully recycled once it’s in the bin,” said Beuc deputy director Ursula Pachl.  Circular Textiles


Coca Cola, Nestlé face scrutiny on recycled bottles claims

One million tonnes of plastic additives pollute the world’s oceans each year

A new study has revealed that approximately one million tonnes of plastic additives leak into the planet’s oceans every year.

The report – conducted by EA Earth Action – reveals the scale of pollution caused by these chemicals on an annual basis, with the organisation warning that, without substantial changes to production and waste management, the leakage of plastic additives into oceans and waterways could increase by over 50 per cent by 2040.

The study – entitled ‘Adding It Up’ – further highlights that a significant portion of this pollution – approximately 116 kilotonnes – originates from plastic packaging materials alone.  Circular Textiles

EA Earth Action stresses the potential dangers this could pose to human health – the vast majority of additives found are untested, unregulated and have been linked to various health conditions such as obesity, cancer and fertility issues.

Everyday items such as textiles or vehicle tires provided a considerable contribution to the leakage into oceans at 37 and 35 kilotonnes respectively.

Publishing the findings ahead of the third session of the UN Global Plastic Treaty Negotiations (INC-3) – aimed at formulating a legally binding international treaty to tackle plastic pollution – EA Earth Action is calling for increased transparency on the composition of plastic products alongside the scaling of effective waste management practices across the globe.  Circular Textiles

Julien Boucher, Founder of EA Earth Action commented: “The findings of our report underscore the urgency of adopting a comprehensive approach to confront the challenge of plastic pollution and combat additive leakage effectively.

“The widespread inclusion of potentially harmful additives in plastics, combined with substantial amounts of mismanaged plastic waste worldwide, has created the toxic threat we face today.

“Addressing the problem with additives must be a key talking point at INC-3 if we are to protect the ecosystem and human health from its detrimental effects. Further research into these chemical compounds is critical to addressing the threats from the whole spectrum of plastic pollution.”  Circular Textiles

Calls to reduce plastic additives in oceans

EA Earth Action is calling on policymakers to select materials that are both more reusable and recyclable to help tackle the plastics crisis and drive towards a more circular economy.

The organisation has also called for further research on how and why plastic additives leak into the environment and the effects this has on the human body to enable governments worldwide to construct more effective prevention strategies.

Maria Westerbos, Founder of the Plastic Soup Foundation and Co-founder of the Plastic Healthy Council said: “The results of EA Earth Action’s Adding it up report are a sobering reminder of how additives toxify both our planet and our bodies. We should never forget that all these chemicals are added to plastics and, in that way, are released into the entire ecosystem, including our own bodies. We now must see action.”


One million tonnes of plastic additives pollute the world’s oceans each year

APR and RecyClass Work to Align Design for Recycling Guidance
Continued efforts to drive harmonization of plastic packaging recyclability

The Association of Plastic Recyclers (APR) recently announced updates to the APR Design® Guide for Plastic Recyclability to align with RecyClass, the European based non-profit initiative focused on advancing plastics circularity. The APR Design® Guide will now state that 6% of EVOH is allowed for HDPE containers.  Circular Textiles

“Because the recycling process is very similar in both geographies, packaging will likely be processed similarly,” said Curt Cozart, APR COO. “Although some differences exist, APR Design® Guidance is nearly the same as RecyClass. The APR® Design Guide previously allowed for 5% EVOH in HDPE containers but will update to 6% to align with RecyClass Design for Recycling Guidelines.”

Through their respective Technical Committees, APR and RecyClass are accelerating global alignment of recyclability principles. In these groups, scientific data, gathered based on standardized testing protocols, is shared and serves as the base for discussions on uncovering the complexities of plastic packaging.  Circular Textiles

In addition to guidance on the use of EVOH in HDPE containers, guidance on the use of EVOH in PP containers has also been streamlined through this collaboration.

“To achieve a truly circular future for plastics, harmonization is essential,” commented Paolo Glerean, Chairman of RecyClass. “The real value of the collaboration between APR and RecyClass is evident in these latest recommendations, providing clearer guidance to the plastics industry globally. These joint efforts will allow the plastic packaging value chain to standardize their products on a larger scale and make the path towards the circular use of plastics more cost efficient.”

This activity is part of a continued effort between APR and RecyClass to reinforce their collaboration to drive worldwide harmonization of recyclability for all plastic packaging types, through a shared vision of science-based design for recycling guidelines and protocols for recyclability assessments.  Circular Textiles

This partnership will drive a unified, fact-based approach to recyclability, and bring clarity to the whole value chain.

The harmonization efforts are underway, taking into consideration the variations in recycling capabilities and infrastructure between the two regions.


APR and RecyClass Work to Align Design for Recycling Guidance Continued efforts to drive harmonization of plastic packaging recyclability

Flake sorting –  Demystifying Chemical Recycling: An Emerging Solution or a New Set of Challenges? 09-11-2023

Circular Textiles

Flake sorting –  Demystifying Chemical Recycling: An Emerging Solution or a New Set of Challenges? 09-11-2023

Flake sorting

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Tomra presents new Innosort Flake

Its enhanced features enable simultaneous flake sorting by polymer, colour and transparency, achieving unmatched quality even from highly contaminated inputs.

With the introduction of the new Innosort Flake, Tomra provides the ideal flake sorting solution to help the industry recover more recyclable materials from any waste stream with maximum yield.  Flake sorting

Alberto Piovesan, Global Segment Manager Plastics at Tomra Recycling Sorting, explains: ”Given recycled content targets in Europe and elsewhere, the market needs to prepare for future demand. Recyclers need solutions to produce high-quality post-consumer recycled content in sufficient volumes.

At the same time, they strive for reliable sorting results and operational flexibility. With the new Innosort Flake, this is now possible.”  Flake sorting

Any colour, any polymer

Equipped with a powerful sensor combination, the new Innosort Flake sorts polymers by material type and colour, removing any impurities to create pure fractions.

Thanks to its advanced near-infrared (NIR) spectrometer, the machine precisely detects various polymers, allowing for the recovery of recyclable materials from highly contaminated infeed. With this technology, plastics recovered from mixed waste, for example, can be sorted for recycling, providing access to more recyclable materials that otherwise would be lost or downcycled for lower-grade applications. For instance, polyolefins (PO), such as polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP), are often found comingled in the same waste stream. With the new Innosort Flake, mixed plastic fractions that have been shredded and washed can be sorted into clean fractions of PET, PP and PE and other materials that meet the quality requirements for extrusion and the creation of high-quality post-consumer recycled (PCR) content.  Flake sorting

Moreover, plant operators profit from the machine’s unmatched colour sorting performance. Its enhanced optics, with a changeable colour background and dual-sided high-resolution cameras, detect millions of colours and create single-colour fractions. Its high contrast imaging can even differentiate between white opaque and natural, transparent and translucent flakes, reducing material losses and maximizing yield.

Piovesan adds: ”The new Innosort Flake is designed to sort any colour, any polymer, at the same time. It levels the playing field for recyclers and gives them maximum flexibility to respond to the respective market demands. If an operator wants to purify PET this month and produce a clean blue PP next month, it is technically possible with the new machine. What’s more, it is cost-effective.”  Flake sorting


Flake sorting

Borealis, TotalEnergies Start Up Baystar PE Joint Venture

New unit brings Borealis’ proprietary Borstar PE technology to North America and completed the partners’ integrated petrochemicals venture

Borealis and TotalEnergies recently brought on stream their ambitious Baystar joint venture’s new 1.3-billion lb/yr (625,000 m.t.) in Pasadena, Texas, which brings to North America Borealis’ proprietary Borstar 3G technology and more than doubles the current production capacity at Baystar’s site.

Referred to as Bay 3, the unit completes the partners’ integrated petrochemicals venture, which includes the expanded Bayport PE facility, including two existing legacy PE units producing 881.8 million lb/yr, and the 2.2- billion lb/yr ethane cracker at the TotalEnergies Platform in Port Arthur, Texas, brought on stream in mid-2022.

Borstar technology has been shown to produce advanced value-added polymers with enhanced sustainability by enabling light-weighting and the incorporation of greater amounts of post-consumer recycled materials in a variety of end products, serving the energy, infrastructure and consumer products industries. Flake sorting

According to Baystar president, Diane Chamberlain, “Borstar technology enables our technical, production, and sales teams to collaborate in the creation of the highly customized products our customers require to remain competitive and meet consumer demands” She notes that these PFAS-free materials, enable more than 50% post-consumer recycled material in some end products. Also, due to their broad molecular weight distribution, Borstar PE offers superior physical properties with no need for process aids or additives.

Said Borealis CEO Thomas Gangl, “The arrival of Borealis’ proprietary Borstar technology in North America by way of Baystar marks, in line with our owners’ strategies, a crucial step for us in becoming a global leader in advanced and sustainable chemicals and material solutions,” Expanding and deepening our footprint through Baystar enables us to better serve customers and partners by offering improved access to Borstar based products produced right here in North America.”  Flake sorting


Flake sorting

Opinion: Time to clear up the ocean-bound plastic issue

We need to demystify ocean-bound plastic and educate people on its potential

We all know that plastic in our oceans is an environmentally devastating problem that is only getting worse. According to the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals Report, over 17 million tonnes of plastic entered the ocean in 2021, and that number is set to double or even triple by 2040. The collection and recycling of ocean-bound plastic has great potential to address this spread, but sadly, not enough businesses and consumers understand what it is, which has led to a general misunderstanding of the category.

For many, recycled ocean-bound plastic conjures up images of plastic being pulled directly from the sea or from around the neck of a sea turtle, which is simply not the case. Plastic pulled from the ocean has already been degraded by the salt and sun, making it very difficult to recycle at scale.  Flake sorting

At best, well-meaning companies try to engage with consumers by using this emotive but misleading imagery as a shorthand – and, at worst, bad actors in the industry deliberately conjure this image in order to greenwash or generate confusion.

Our operating definition of ocean-bound plastic is inspired by the pioneering work of Distinguished Professor of Environmental Engineering and 2022 MacArthur Fellow, Dr. Jenna Jambeck, and her team. They utilised various criteria in their research, and it is important to consider these factors together, rather than looking at one aspect of the problem in isolation.

The country or region lacks proper waste management infrastructure and collection incentives.

The infrastructure is being overwhelmed by population growth and/or increased tourism.

There is a significant risk to wildlife and biodiversity if plastic contaminates their ecosystem.  Flake sorting

It is found within 50km (30mi) distance of an ocean coastline or major waterway that feeds into the ocean.

The Prevented Ocean Plastic programme focuses on addressing these concerns in tandem, working with at-risk coastal communities to create an intervention before this plastic reaches our waterways, where it can cause immeasurable harm.


Flake sorting

We’re supporting legal action against Coca-Cola, Nestlé and Danone for their misleading claims about recycling

Along with the Environmental Coalition on Standards (ECOS), we’re supporting the Bureau Européen des Unions de Consommateurs (BEUC) in filing a legal complaint to the European Commission against three food and drink giants, over their use of misleading ‘100% recyclable’ and ‘100% recycled’ claims on plastic water bottles sold across Europe.

What’s the problem?

We’ve likely all seen slogans on plastic water bottles, claiming that the bottle is ‘100% recyclable’ or ‘100% recycled’. However, claims such as these, commonly found on plastic water bottles all over Europe, are either vague, factually incorrect, or not substantiated, and may suggest that bottles can be recycled in an infinite circular loop, which is simply not true.  Flake sorting

Evidence shows that there is no such thing as truly circular plastic and that recycling – while less harmful than other methods of waste disposal – cannot solve the worsening crisis of plastic pollution. The process of recycling actually continuously degrades the properties of plastic, making ‘infinite’ recycling impossible. In fact, only 9% of plastic ever made has been recycled, and production of new plastic is now expected to triple by 2060.

These claims about recycling also fail to account for all the parts of a plastic water bottle, such as lids and labels, which are not made from fully – if at all – recycled plastic and are much less likely to be effectively recycled.

The reality is that single-use plastic is neither circular nor sustainable. Recycling can never catch up with the sheer volume of plastic produced on our planet.

Rosa Pritchard, ClientEarth lawyer

Quite simply, we are producing too much plastic, and people and planet are drowning in it. Recycling is not a satisfactory solution, and companies shouldn’t be implying to consumers that plastic bottles are ever a sustainable choice.  Flake sorting

What’s the legal action?

We’ve supported BEUC in raising an ‘external alert’ to the European Commission and the Consumer Protection Cooperation Network against Coca-Cola, Nestlé and Danone for suspected widespread infringement of consumer protection law.

An ‘external alert’ is an important tool that allows designated entities – such as BEUC – to submit complaints to the Consumer Protection Cooperation network and the European Commission, meaning they can submit evidence of business practices they suspect infringe consumer protection law directly to the enforcement authorities.

The external alert submitted here argues that the recycling statements on plastic water bottles, which are often reinforced by ‘green’ imagery and generic environmental catchphrases, may mislead consumers into viewing single-use bottles as a ‘sustainable’ choice, when this simply isn’t the case. The most sustainable way to consume water is using a refillable bottle and drinking tap water.  Flake sorting

The evidence is clear – plastic water bottles are simply not recycled again and again to become new bottles in Europe. A ‘100%’ recycling rate for bottles is technically not possible and, just because bottles are made with recycled plastic, does not mean they don’t harm people and the planet. Where waste can be recycled, consumers should keep up their good work. Recycling is less harmful than other disposal methods, like incineration or landfill. But it’s important companies don’t portray recycling as a silver bullet to the plastic crisis. Instead they need to focus efforts on reducing plastic at source. Companies are in a unique position to change how we consume but currently these claims – which we consider to be misleading – are making it hard for consumers to make good environmental choices.

Is recycling worthwhile?

Recycling is less harmful than plastic being incinerated or going into landfill. And consumers should still recycle wherever possible.  Flake sorting

But, the ‘recyclability’ of a plastic water bottle depends on lots of different external factors, such as local infrastructure when it enters the recycling system. In the EU, the recycling rate for plastic bottles is approximately 50%, with only 30% used to make new bottles. The remainder goes towards products like textiles, which are generally unrecyclable and more likely to end up in landfill, or an incinerator, causing pollution and contributing to climate change.

The combined effect of the claims on these bottles about recyclability risks persuading consumers across Europe that single-use plastic packaging does not harm the environment, while distracting attention from the urgent need to hugely reduce plastic production across the globe.  Flake sorting


We’re supporting legal action against Coca-Cola, Nestlé and Danone for their misleading claims about recycling

The escalating plastic pollution crisis and inefficiencies in the plastic recycling system have turned many against single-use plastics and led to national and state bans on some plastic packaging. Now, the fossil fuel and petrochemical industries have launched a category of plastic processing technology called chemical recycling or advanced recycling. The plastic industry describes it as a potential panacea that can clean up millions of tons of plastic waste produced annually. Is it everything claimed?

The Ocean Conservancy recently hosted a forum to discuss their findings after examining chemical recycling. The implications of this technology are intricate, and the technology is still evolving. However, the early evidence is that chemical recycling still requires immense energy, generating large amounts of planet-warming CO2. At the same time, it does not significantly reduce the volume of plastic toxins. Flake sorting

“Chemical recycling is an umbrella term that captures a suite of disparate technologies,” said Dr. Anja Brandon, Associate Director of U.S. Plastics Policy at the Ocean Conservancy. She suggested that fossil fuel and plastic companies fudge these terms to confuse consumers and policymakers. “These terms are constantly changing. Its ‘chemical recycling,’ ‘advanced recycling,’ ‘molecular recycling,’ and ‘renewable technologies.’ Different companies all use different terms.”

One clear message from the event was the importance of reducing the use of plastic. As much as 40% of plastic becomes single-use packaging, which accounts for much of the plastic pollution in the oceans and landfills. Flake sorting

“Recycling mitigates the harm of waste and extraction, but not as much, of course, as reuse and certainly reduction is our primary strategy,” said Lynn Hoffman, Co-President of Eureka Recycling in Minneapolis and National Coordinator for the Alliance for Mission-Based Recyclers.

Hoffman noted that mechanical recycling is not without its environmental flaws but suggests that most plastics, especially single-use plastic packaging, are not recycled because of the broken economics of today’s system.

It’s often cheaper to use virgin plastic because of the complexity and cost of sorting and processing plastic. Flake sorting


 Demystifying Chemical Recycling: An Emerging Solution or a New Set of Challenges?

Creating a Plastics Circular Economy in the Food Industry

Recently, there has been a push for the food industry to trade plastics for new packaging alternatives. However, as industry leaders work together to lower the carbon footprint of food packaging, it’s imperative to take a fact-based approach to the sometimes polarizing topic of plastic.

The concept of simply eliminating so-called problematic materials sounds like a quick and easy solution; however, these reflex reactions to misguided findings and policies just further complicate the problem. In most cases, this shifts the issue to a new material, which has its own challenges.  Flake sorting

The design of plastic materials and recycling technologies has continued to advance, making plastics, such as polystyrene (PS), far more eco-friendly than many people realize.

What makes a material sustainable?

One way to understand the full impact and environmental costs of a product is by using a lifecycle assessment, or LCA. A full LCA examines each step of the product’s entire cycle. It accounts for all energy, raw materials, and emissions involved at each stage of a product’s life. Only when we understand a product’s full life cycle can we accurately compare our options.

However, once a product is produced, that’s not the end of its existence. Additional inputs often add to its life cycle impact at other stages along the way to fulfilling its purpose. For example – shipping and distribution. The impact of shipping lighter materials, such as plastic, will be significantly lower as opposed to heavier materials, like metal or glass, due to the reduced fuel use.  Flake sorting

While an LCA is all-inclusive, there are methods to break down the assessment into separate, trackable portions. The product’s carbon footprint (PCF), for example, is specifically the equivalent amount of CO2 that is released into the earth’s atmosphere as a result of a product’s production, use, and afterlife. Product carbon footprint can be a very useful metric for estimating a product’s environmental impact since CO2 is a major contributor to climate change.

After use, the final resting place for the material contributes to the footprint, too. This can help demonstrate the benefits of circularity. If materials end up in landfills, each step of its life and all the inputs used to make that product need to be repeated and made again. However, if it can be recycled, the original inputs used to create the product stay in the value chain, reducing the need for that environmental impact to be repeated. Closing the loop with waste prevention and recycling allow for the life cycle of this valuable material to be infinite. To be repurposed and reused, again, and again. Flake sorting


Creating a Plastics Circular Economy in the Food Industry

Lenzing Advances Circularity Through Strategic Industry Partnerships and Value Chain Innovation

A strong commitment to achieving textile circularity, forging industry partnerships, and realizing value chain innovation are infused in Lenzing and the TENCEL™ brand’s strategic DNA. This year, the company continued to introduce exciting collaborations and initiatives, launching innovative products and creating added value for supply chain partners.

Incorporating TENCEL™ branded fibers, Japanese denim mill Kaihara and Lenzing have elevated their long-standing partnership this year, developing several innovative denim garments with finishing technology by Jeanologia. The capsule collection showcases Kaihara’s craftsmanship and the versatility of TENCEL™ fibers in high-end denim fashion worldwide.  Flake sorting

Lenzing and Kentaur also launched a collection of uniforms for culinary professions. These innovative uniforms are made from a blend of 50% TENCEL™ branded lyocell fibers with REFIBRA™ technology and 50% recycled polyester, to give textile waste a second life while maintaining a high level of quality and comfort.

Regarding fibers, Lenzing has extended the REFIBRA™ technology to LENZING™ ECOVERO™ branded viscose fibers with 20% of recycled content, and announced the expansion of the production of their EU Ecolabel certified[1] responsible viscose fibers at Lenzing’s Purwakarta site in Indonesia. The site will also produce LENZING™ ECOVERO™ black specialty fibers by the end of 2023.  Flake sorting

To address the industry’s increasing supply chain complexities, Lenzing partnered with supply chain solutions company project44™ to pioneer a real-time ocean shipment tracker that aims to enhance the transparency of the global fiber supply chain through greater carbon emission visibility. The tracker empowers Lenzing’s customers with accurate real-time insights on fiber orders, supporting Lenzing’s commitment to digital transformation and supply chain transparency in textiles and nonwovens.

The launch of the pilot “Start with the Original” campaign in China strives to enhance awareness of the correct usage of trademarks to safeguard industry partners and consumers. Harold Weghorst, Global Vice President of Marketing & Branding, Lenzing AG reaffirmed the education and training initiatives of the campaign that will help sustain a healthy business environment in the domestic ecosystem.  Flake sorting


Lenzing Advances Circularity Through Strategic Industry Partnerships and Value Chain Innovation

PCR packaging – Mura Technology’s flagship advanced plastics recycling plant opens in Teesside 08-11-2023

Flake sorting

PCR packaging – Mura Technology’s flagship advanced plastics recycling plant opens in Teesside 08-11-2023

PCR packaging

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Mura Technology’s flagship advanced plastics recycling plant opens in Teesside

MURA Technology’s first site, ReNew ELP, which turns ‘unrecyclable’ plastics that would usually be sent to incineration or landfill into liquid hydrocarbon products, has begun commissioning.

Based at the Wilton International industrial site in Teesside, UK, the facility uses a novel approach called Hydrothermal Plastic Recycling Solution (HydroPRS) to convert waste plastics that cannot be processed via traditional mechanical means, such as flexible films and multi-material rigids, back into the chemical and oil products they were made from. These in turn can then be used as feedstocks in the manufacture of new plastics and other materials.  PCR packaging

Mura says the recycling process takes just 30 minutes, and it works by using supercritical water – water under high pressure and high temperature – to help break down the carbon-carbon bonds in plastic.

First, the plastic is shredded and any contaminants such as grit, glass and metal are removed. The shredded plastic mix is then melted and pressurised, before supercritical steam is applied.

The mix is further heated, and plastics are broken down into liquid hydrocarbons and gas. After the conversion, energy reclaimed from depressurisation is used to drive product separation, while the recovered process gas is reused to generate the critical steam.

The end products span a range of valuable, liquid hydrocarbon products including naphtha, distillate gas oil, and heavy gas oil which is used to make chemicals, oils, speciality plastics and wax.  PCR packaging

Vitally, new materials made from the recycled feedstock are suitable for use in food-contact packaging material. This is currently a problem area for mechanical recycling systems whose products do not meet European Food Standard Agency requirements.

Described as a “world-first” by Mura, the facility, which was awarded a £4.42m (US$5.5m) grant from Innovate UK, aims to process about 20,000 t/y of plastic waste, rising to 80,000 t/y when the site is fully complete. This will reduce CO2 output by an estimated 120,000 t/y compared to incineration. And, as there is no limit to the number of times the same material can be recycled, HydroPRS has the potential to significantly reduce single-use plastics and permanently increase material circularity in the plastics industry, the firm said.  PCR packaging

Mura expects to deliver the first recycled hydrocarbon products from the plant to their off-take customers in early 2024.

Steve Mahon, Mura Technology’s CEO, hailed the opening of the new facility as “a ground-breaking” achievement and the culmination of four years of dedication. “Our HydroPRS process is unlocking a new market for plastic waste, creating value and keeping both plastic and carbon in circularity,” he said. ”The technology works alongside existing mechanical recycling to ensure no plastic types are considered ‘unrecyclable’ and require incineration or landfilling.”

Along with the Teesside plant, the firm has a licencing agreement with Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation (MCC) which is developing a 20,000 t/y HydroPRS plastics recycling facility in Japan.   PCR packaging

Mura is also eyeing potential sites in the USA and Germany, as it looks to recycle one million tonnes of plastic annually by the end of the decade.

Plastic problem

Poor plastic waste management has become such a problem globally that around eight million tonnes of it ends up in our oceans each year. To help industry make the changes needed to curb the spread of more plastic waste, trade body Plastics Europe has recently revealed a “radical plan” to completely redesign the European plastics sector.

In its report, the organisation recommends a shift towards circular practices such as recycling, biomass-based production, and carbon capture, as well as investing in joint infrastructure for hydrogen, renewable energy, and CCS. It also calls on the EU to develop an equivalent to the US Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) to support climate and low-carbon programmes.    PCR packaging


PCR packaging

Innovation and efficiency in the production of PET and rPET bottles and preforms: the partnership between PDG Plastiques and Piovan

In the latest edition of the Spotlight, Piovan Group tells us about its partnership with PDG Plastiques. At a time when innovation and efficiency are key words, companies are constantly looking for improvements. This includes French company PDG Plastiques, specialising in the design and production of PET preforms, bottles and containers. With two production plants and an annual output of over 2.2 billion preforms, PDG Plastiques is a leader in its field. But what are the enablers of this success?  PCR packaging

The needs of PDG Plastiques

With an eye for innovation, PDG Plastiques has faced increasing challenges related to the need to combine production efficiency with the use of recycled raw materials in a closed loop, always with the ultimate goal of a top-quality finished product. PDG needed a technology partner that could provide advanced solutions tailored to its specific needs. Employee training was also a key factor.

The solution provided by Piovan

Piovan, the world’s leading supplier of industrial automation systems, was the answer to these needs. The solution package provided to PDG Plastiques is a real technological enabler:

  • Winfactory 4.0: advanced software for production process control and management, which eliminates human errors and ensures production repeatability.  PCR packaging
  • Winfactory includes Winenergy, an energy efficiency monitoring system that provides a comprehensive analysis of energy consumption in real time, and Winflo, a tool for monitoring and controlling industrial cooling solutions, which turns data into useful information for optimising operations.
  • Condenso: an oil condenser specially developed for the plastic recycling process. In addition to removing VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds) from the process air during dehumidification, it also reduces energy consumption to a minimum thanks to a series of technological measures, including:
  • A heat exchanger that transfers energy from the incoming hot air to the outgoing air, reducing the thermal gap with the dehumidifier with lower costs for both cooling and heating.  PCR packaging


David Bankson of Fortis provides insights into PCR packaging’s growth

In an exclusive interview, Bankson highlights PCR packaging’s central role in addressing sustainability and reshaping the packaging industry’s environmental impact.

n an era where environmental concerns are paramount, the rise of post-consumer recycled (PCR) packaging is nothing short of a packaging industry revolution.

This innovative approach provides solutions to some of the most pressing sustainability challenges, redefining how we perceive packaging materials and their environmental impact.  PCR packaging

To gain deeper insights into this transformation, we spoke with David Bankson, Director of Flexible Packaging & Shrink Sleeves at Fortis Solutions Group, a company that’s taking the lead in sustainable packaging innovation.

Redefining PCR packaging

PCR packaging is not merely a recycling initiative; it’s a comprehensive approach that repurposes post-consumer materials and transforms them into valuable packaging solutions.

This approach leverages materials such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and low-density polyethylene (LDPE) – two of the most common resins in flexible packaging – to create environmentally conscious packaging that meets the stringent demands of modern consumers and communities.  PCR packaging

David Bankson explains, “PCR content in flexibles comes in the form of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and low-density polyethylene (LDPE) solutions, two of the most common resins in flexible packaging today. PET is the most widely available recycled resin due to the significant infrastructure in recycling clear PET beverage bottles.”

PCR packaging’s remarkable evolution

One of the remarkable aspects of PCR packaging is that it is nearly indistinguishable from packaging made with brand-new materials. Thanks to advances in recycling technologies, PCR resins, especially chemically recycled PET, have achieved a level of parity with their virgin counterparts.  PCR packaging


PCR packaging

The prices of metals used in electric vehicle batteries have plummeted this year, after soaring in 2022

Lithium, nickel and cobalt are now among the worst performing commodities, as EV sales growth slows down and supply from various countries increases. This is a relief for car makers and battery producers, who can lower their costs and prices. However, it also reflects the challenges of balancing supply and demand in a fast-changing market.

Lithium prices have dropped by almost 70% this year, while nickel has fallen by around 40%. Cobalt also declined. These metals are essential for making batteries that power electric vehicles, which are expected to dominate the car market in the future. However, the demand for these metals has not kept up with the supply, which has expanded rapidly in China, Indonesia and the Democratic Republic of Congo. PCR packaging

Electric vehicle sales are still growing, but not as fast as before. Higher interest rates and uncertain economic conditions have dampened consumer demand. In China, the largest EV market, sales growth slowed down compared to last year. As a result, there is a “huge buildup” of Chinese-made batteries, which exceeds demand by two times, according to analysts from ANZ Group Holdings Ltd. Battery makers have cut down their production, and the prices of lithium, nickel and cobalt are likely to stay low in the near term, the analysts said.  PCR packaging

The lower metal prices are good news for automakers and battery makers, who can benefit from lower costs and pass them on to consumers. For example, BYD Co, China’s largest EV maker, and Contemporary Amperex Technology Co, China’s top battery maker, have both profited from lower lithium prices.

The metal prices have also been affected by several developments in the production side. China has increased its lithium mining, while Indonesia has become a major source of cheap nickel, thanks to Chinese-financed plants. More cobalt is also being produced, especially in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Indonesia.

PCR packaging

New ITC Packaging technology injection moulds thin-wall PET containers in single step

ITC Packaging has worked with BMB SPA and Novapet to unveil TWI-PET, a new technology that produces thin-wall, flexible PET packaging in a one-step injection moulding process.

The system produces transparent flexible packaging that reduces wall thickness by 15% compared to other injection moulded containers – optimizing the weight of the pack and the amount of raw material needed to produce it.  PCR packaging

Initial industrial tests have reportedly achieved high performance and efficient energy use by reducing the injection cycle by up to 10%. Up to 30% recycled food-grade PET can be utilized, the company continues – helping customers align with legislation across Europe.

Containers produced with TWI-PET can also feature IML decoration with labels made of PET or PP, both of which are said to be recyclable. The resultant packaging is set to apply to dairy products, nuts, dried food, sweets, and other food that requires highly transparent, heat-sealed, and high-barrier packaging.

The technology made its debut at Fakuma 2023 – as did a lightweight, thin-wall, injection compression moulded polypropylene cup from NetstalPCR packaging

Earlier this year, ITC Packaging’s Bio2Bio bioplastic solution was implemented into its blow-moulded container portfolio for the food and cosmetics markets. PCR packaging


New ITC Packaging technology injection moulds thin-wall PET containers in single step

Will the fashion industry outgrow PET bottles if chemical recycling for textiles takes off?

As concerns about fast-fashion waste gain more attention, well-funded startups and longstanding chemical companies are starting to scale up the textile recycling market.

The problems associated with apparel waste, intensified by fast fashion, have been piling up for years and gaining increased attention. A site in Chile’s Atacama Desert has become known for mountains of used apparel, and study after study shows the potential effects of plastic microfiber pollution on ecosystems and human health.

Many apparel brands now use polyester made from post-consumer PET bottles in an effort to improve the sector’s sustainability.

But using waste PET as apparel feedstock is “not a perfect solution,” said Rachel Kibbe, CEO of the consultancy Circular Services Group.  PCR packaging

In 2022, along with resellers, fashion brands and other supply chain partners, Kibbe convened the American Circular Textiles group to advocate for new fashion policies.

“It has been a topic of importance in our industry for a while,” said Kibbe, referring to using bottles as textile feedstock. Textile suppliers and brands began labeling their products as recycled, which she said “made brands feel good at first.” But because textile-to-textile recycling technology is still in the early stages, this may risk confusing customers about how to manage their worn-out clothes and leaves landfill or incineration as the likely end-of-life option.  PCR packaging

In the first 15 years of this century, the amount of apparel produced doubled while the amount of time consumers kept clothes in their wardrobes fell by 40%, according to 2017 data compiled by the World Bank. In recent years, apparel resellers have found profitable ways to extend apparel lifecycles. But much of the industry’s wastefulness can’t be undone. U.S. EPA data shows that the amount of clothing and footwear in the MSW stream has grown from an estimated 6.47 million tons in 2000 to 11.9 million tons in 2015.


Will the fashion industry outgrow PET bottles if chemical recycling for textiles takes off?

Lenzing sees no end to current slump

Company implements comprehensive performance programme in response to lack of market recovery.
Cellulosic fibre producer Lenzing reports that an anticipated recovery in the markets relevant to its business has so far failed to materialise.A continued sharp increase in raw materials and energy costs and very subdued demand is having a negative impact on the company’s sales, which in the first three quarters of 2023 fell by 5.3% year-on-year to €1.87 billion, primarily due to lower fibre revenues, although pulp revenues were up. Earnings for the period fell by 16.7% year-on-year to €219.1 million and the company recorded a net loss of €96.7 million, compared to profit of €74.9 million in the first three quarters of 2022.  PCR packaging“We already launched an ambitious cost-cutting programme at the end of 2022 which has delivered the expected results ahead of schedule,” said Lenzing Group CEO Stephan Sielaff. “Building on this, we are currently implementing a holistic performance programme with a focus on measures to boost profitability and cash flow generation as well as leveraging growth potential in the fibre markets through targeted sales activities.”Cost reductions will now derive in part from a reduction in personnel costs, which will be reduced by up to €30 million by not filling positions that fall vacant due to retirement and natural attrition, as well as by staff reductions. PCR packagingFor the Austrian sites in Lenzing and Heiligenkreuz, negotiations are currently underway with the works council concerning a social plan which is scheduled to commence in the first quarter of 2024.

In addition, after the successful conversion of a production line in Nanjing, China, in the first quarter of 2023, Lenzing has now completed its conversion and modernisation measures at its site in Purwakart, Indonesia, to convert to speciality viscose and significantly reduce emissions. Viscose fibres produced in Indonesia under the Lenzing Ecovero and Veocel brands now carry the EU Ecolabel for environmentally responsible products and services.  PCR packaging


Lenzing sees no end to current slump

Plastic waste – Chemical recycling ‘not the miracle cure’ for plastic waste 07-11-2023

PCR packaging

Plastic waste – Chemical recycling ‘not the miracle cure’ for plastic waste 07-11-2023

Plastic waste

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German exports fall by 7.5% YoY, imports drop by 16.6 % YoY during Sep


  • German exports were down by 2.4 per cent and imports dropped by 1.7 per cent month on month on a calendar- and seasonally-adjusted basis in September.
  • Exports fell by 7.5 per cent and imports by 16.6 per cent year on year.
  • After calendar and seasonal adjustment, Germany’s goods exports were worth €126.5 billion and imports worth €110 billion in the month.

German exports were down by 2.4 per cent and imports dropped by 1.7 per cent on a calendar- and seasonally-adjusted basis in September this year compared with August.

Based on provisional data, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) reported that exports decreased by 7.5 per cent and imports fell by 16.6 per cent year on year (YoY) during the month. Plastic waste

After calendar and seasonal adjustment, Germany exported goods worth €126.5 billion and imported goods to the value of €110 billion in September.

Related News

The foreign trade balance showed a surplus of €16.5 billion in September. The calendar- and seasonally-adjusted surplus stood at €17.7 billion in August this year and €5 billion in September.  Plastic waste

On a calendar- and seasonally-adjusted basis, Germany exported goods worth €69.8 billion to the member states of the European Union (EU) in September, while it imported goods worth €58.7 billion from these countries in that period.

Compared with August this year, calendar- and seasonally-adjusted exports to EU nations dropped by 2.1 per cent and imports from these countries fell by 2.6 per cent.

The value of the goods exported to euro area countries in September totalled €48.8 billion (minus 2.4 per cent), and the value of the goods imported from these countries was €38.9 billion euros (minus 3.8 per cent).  Plastic waste

Exports of goods to countries outside the non-EU countries amounted to €56.7 billion in September, while imports from these countries totalled €51.3 billion on a calendar- and seasonally-adjusted basis. Compared with August this year, exports to non-EU countries declined by 2.8 € and imports from such countries fell by 0.6 per cent.

Most German exports in September were to the United States. After seasonal and calendar adjustment, exports of goods to the United States during the month were down by 4 per cent compared with August, with the value of exports dropping to €12.8 billion.

Exports to China fell by 7.3 per cent to €7.7 billion and exports to the United Kingdom rose by 2.3 per cent to €6.3 billion.  Plastic waste

Most imports during the month were from China. Goods to the value of €13 billion were imported from there, representing a 0.9-per cent decrease month on month (MoM) after calendar and seasonal adjustment.

Imports from the United States rose by 0.5 per cent to €7.7 billion. Imports from the United Kingdom increased by 5.2 per cent to €3.2 billion during the month.

Exports to Russia in September this year declined by a calendar- and seasonally-adjusted 11.2 per cent MoM to €0.6 billion and by 41.7 per cent YoY. Imports from Russia rose by 7.5 per cent MoM to €0.2 billion, and were down by 89.4 per cent YoY.


German exports fall by 7.5% YoY, imports drop by 16.6 % YoY during Sep

Oceana: Coca-Cola and Pepsi’s plastic packaging use increases by hundreds of millions of pounds

Oceana calls on both companies to increase reusable packaging and reduce single-use plastic, after Ellen MacArthur Foundation report reveals significantly increased plastic use and limited progress in meeting recycling goals

Oceana analyzed data[1] from the Global Commitment 2023 Progress Report released earlier this week by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation, and found that the two top polluting brands, according to the Break Free From Plastic Brand Audit, increased the amount of plastic used by hundreds of millions of pounds on a year over year basis. The Coca-Cola Company increased its use of plastic packaging by over 6% or over 454 million pounds (206,000 metric tons) to a reported 3.43 million metric tons in 2022. PepsiCo increased its use of plastic packaging by 4% or over 220 million pounds (100,000 metric tons) to a reported 2.6 million metric tons in 2022. Plastic waste

This increase coincides with additional data in the Ellen MacArthur annual report that shows the companies made only marginal progress towards meeting pledges to increase recycled content in their plastic packaging and to decrease their use of virgin plastic packaging. And, both companies reported no progress on having more plastic – by weight – in reusable packaging. Coca-Cola disclosed that this percent was just 1.3% in both 2021 and 2022 and Pepsi, for the second year running, released no data for this metric. The companies have pledged to increase the volume of beverages they sell in reusable packaging by roughly 10-percentage points by 2030.

Oceana released the following statement from Matt Littlejohn, Senior Vice President, Strategic Initiatives:

“It is unacceptable that Coca-Cola and Pepsi are increasing their use of plastic by hundreds of millions more pounds year over year.  Plastic waste

The companies’ efforts and pledges are not solving this problem. The best way for Coca-Cola and Pepsi to stop this relentless growth in plastic is to dramatically increase the use of refillable bottles – which can be used up to 50 times if made of glass. Just a 10% increase in refillable bottles in all coastal countries in place of single-use plastic could reduce marine plastic bottle pollution by 22%.

Unfortunately, despite commitments to increase reusable packaging, both companies are falling short. This doesn’t have to be a daunting task. Refillable bottle systems exist – at scale – in many countries around the world. Consumers in existing markets buy them, prefer them, and return them for a small deposit. Coca-Cola has said that 93% of their reusable packaging is returned to the point of sale.  Plastic waste


Plastic waste

Chemical recycling ‘not the miracle cure’ for plastic waste

Where does pyrolysis fit in the waste hierarchy?

Pyrolysis is not a ‘future-proof’ solution in the battle against plastics, insists Zero Waste Europe. The group argues in a new report that relying on the chemical process creates a ‘leaky loop’ rather than a circular economy. 

‘Even in the best scenario, only 2% of today’s plastic waste fed into pyrolysis will actually make the round trip into the steam cracker and then be recycled,’ writes Zero Waste Europe (ZWE).  Plastic waste

Furthermore, it argues, the process produces new, unwanted, and toxic hydrocarbons. ‘All plastics, though notably the polyolefins which are identified as ideal pyrolysis feedstocks, do not simply revert back to the precursor material from which they were formed,’ the report says.

‘Instead, they produce a wide variety of products due to aggressive chemical substances, known as free radicals, splitting from the plastic and re-combining in unwanted forms.’ These pyrosynthetic hydrocarbons lower the product oil yield and impair its quality, it adds.

High contamination

ZWE believes ‘chemical recycling’ is not the answer for difficult-to-recycle plastic waste streams. Highly mixed, unwashed or difficult-to-recycle plastic waste streams, such as automotive shredder residue and computer casings, result in a pyrolysis oil with substantially increased levels of contamination.  Plastic waste

‘The universal laws of physics and chemistry that govern pyrolysis are unlikely to change because of marketing pressure,’ the report states. ‘Decision makers would be sensible to accept that pyrolysis is not the wonderful miracle they need merely because no other back-end solution exists.’

It claims the laws of thermodynamics dictate that the most sensible solution to minimising plastic waste lies in upstream intervention. ‘This means putting investment into making plastic products less complex, less contaminated, and more recyclable,’ the report concludes.


Plastic waste

New batteries for electric cars and wearables, backed by multi-million US$ funding, are both fire resistant and flexible

Anthro Energy’s flexible energy storage systems will be used in next-generation electronic devices and are currently being sold to the first wearable manufacturers.
The development team has identified promising applications for the fireproof batteries, particularly in electric vehicles and laptops. By integrating them into belts, straps and other “dead spaces”, Anthro batteries are expected to extend the service life of devices by 2 to 5 times. Plastic waste

Batteries are regarded as crucial technologies in the battle against climate change, particularly for electric vehicles and storing energy from renewable sources. Anthro Energy’s novel flexible batteries are presently available to wearable manufacturers and could be employed in a variety of areas, including electric cars and laptops.

The innovative batteries score well in fire safety, thanks to new materials and design features that eliminate internal and external mechanical safety risks like explosions. Many of today’s batteries, such as lithium-ion batteries, contain a flammable liquid as an electrolyte.

Anthro Energy’s David Mackaniac and his team have created a flexible polymer electrolyte that is malleable like rubber. The new technology provides increased design flexibility for use across a range of devices, with adaptable shapes and sizes to suit specific applications.

The batteries are highly durable, capable of enduring tens of thousands of bending cycles without any decrease in performance. Plastic waste


Plastic waste

Nylon demand falls across major end-uses; China exports pressure margins – AdvanSix CEO

AdvanSix is seeing global nylon demand declines across most major end-uses, Erin Kane, CEO of the integrated US-based nylon 6 producer said during the company’s third-quarter earnings call on Friday.

“Overall, we see demand declines across most key end markets, leading to further margin compression in the industry,” Kane said.

In North America, the higher interest rate environment is unfavourably impacting building and construction end markets, she said.  Plastic waste

The high rates are also impacting consumer spending, with implications for nylon in packaging applications, she said.

However, auto has been a more “resilient” end market for AdvanSix, with the recent US auto worker strikes only modestly impacting engineered plastics demand, she said.

Meanwhile, low-priced imports are creating “competitive intensity”, she said, noting in particular exports from China.

“We are seeing China’s global nylon exports reach all time-highs” amid that country’s slower economy, thus putting pressure on nylon prices and margins, she said.

The company expects nylon industry margins to remain at “trough levels” through year-end, due to the unfavourable supply and demand conditions, she said.

With the softness across the key nylon end market in North America, AdvanSix would “continue to leverage various sales channels to meet demand where it exists, including a higher share of exports”, added chief financial officer Michael Preston.

On the positive side, underlying agriculture industry fundamentals are expected to remain favourable, boding well for ammonium sulphate (AS).  Plastic waste

AS is a by-product of AdvanSix’s integrated nylon production process.

In North America, “the underlying fundamentals continue to support firm fertilizer demand, moving forward”, Kane said, adding: “Our current order book is robust”.

As for acquisitions, “accretive M&A has always been part of our framework” and the company continues to evaluate opportunities, she said, adding: “This is an interesting time” for M&A.

She was responding to an analyst on the call who suggested that AdvanSix, with its healthy balance sheet, should have the opportunity to expand with “bolt-on” deals in chemical intermediates, specialties or other products. Plastic waste


Nylon demand falls across major end-uses; China exports pressure margins – AdvanSix CEO

Bloomberg Asks Why Electric Cars Today Are So Huge

The UK has a long tradition of small cars, exemplified by the original Mini but including a gaggle of MGs, Triumphs, Humbers, Hillmans, Cortinas, Austins, and the like. Mostly they were small because raw materials were scarce after World War II, but also because Britain taxed cars based on horsepower. Smaller cars were lighter, which means they could make do with less powerful engines. While all of that is true historically, it does not explain why most electric cars sold in the UK today are so big and heavy.  Plastic waste
Bloomberg correspondents Olivia Rudgard and Kyle Stock spent some time driving around London behind the wheel of an Ora Funky Cat. At just over 4 meters (13 feet) in length, the four door, five passenger hatchback proved to be an able and efficient vehicle for use in that environment. For some perspective on size, the Maxda MX5 — known as the Miata in North America — measures 12.8 feet in length. [Note: The Funky Cat appears to be very similar in size to a first-generation Nissan LEAF.]
Of the 72 electric cars available in the UK, nine have batteries with a capacity under 50 kWh. (Just two EVs in the US have such small batteries.) Between 2013 and 2022, new sales of every type of car declined in the UK — except SUVs, whose sales have risen 75% over that period according to the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT). In August, tests by Which?, a consumer group, identified 161 cars too big for standard UK parking spaces, up from 129 in 2018.  Plastic waste
Small cars like the Fiat Punto and the Ford Fiesta have been discontinued and replaced with SUVs in recent years, says Ralph Palmer, UK electric vehicles & fleets officer at Transport & Environment, which tracks the new and used car markets. “They’re seeing that there are great profit margins to be made from selling a massive SUV for a far higher margin, but selling fewer of them,” he said.
Electric Cars — How Much Is Enough?
This shift in the marketplace, especially when it comes to electric cars, is creating a dearth of options for commuters looking to buy only as much car as they need. The Ora Funky Cat with its 48 kWh battery has a range of 320 kilometers (about 200 miles). As Rudgard and Stark discovered, that is more than ample range for urban driving. After a weekend of shopping and hauling furniture from IKEA, they still had nearly a 50% state of charge remaining in the car’s battery. The car’s dimensions mean it is closer in size to those iconic British cars of old, which is a plus in crowed urban environments where a car can be more of a logistical nightmare than a convenience.  Plastic waste


Bloomberg Asks Why Electric Cars Today Are So Huge

Sage Automotive Interiors Partners With US Startup NFW

Sage Automotive Interiors has partnered with Peoria, Ill.-based startup, NFW, a producer of a plastic-free, plant-based leather alternative for car interiors. This strategic partnership between Sage Automotive Interiors, part of the Asahi Kasei Group, and NFW, a leading global provider of innovative and functional materials for the automotive interior — enables another major step to support global automotive OEMs in reducing the environmental burden of the automobile lifecycle.  Plastic waste

NFW was founded in 2015 and has developed the only platform capable of producing precision-engineered, all-natural (zero plastic) leather, foam, and textiles to replace animal and petrochemical-based materials. MIRUM®, the company’s patented leather alternative, is made from natural rubber, natural fibers, plant oils, natural pigments, and minerals. MIRUM is bio-neutral and can be safely returned to the Earth or recycled by NFW at the end of its lifetime. The material offers superior durability and quality that can replace traditional animal-based or synthetic leather products without the use of any polyurethane or other coatings.

Sage is engaged in the development, manufacturing, and sales of innovative functional materials used in automobile interiors globally. Since its acquisition by Asahi Kasei in 2018, Sage has continued to strengthen its business activities in Europe and China through mergers and acquisitions in parallel to expanding its lineup of growth-potential materials such as suede and synthetic leather.  Plastic waste

As one of the leading global suppliers in the car seat fabric market, Sage has a strong presence among automakers and suppliers.

Luke Haverhals, CEO and founder of NFW, said: “Over time, our partnership with Sage will allow consumers to apply the same decision-making process that they use in their homes, in their cars as well — the most sustainable option will be available to them. The kind of impact that matters to the planet has to happen at scale, not just around the edges.”


Sage Automotive Interiors Partners With US Startup NFW

Recycled cellulosic-fibres – Japan: Scientists develop self-healing, stronger and partially biodegradable plastic 06-11-2023

Plastic waste

Recycled cellulosic-fibres – Japan: Scientists develop self-healing, stronger and partially biodegradable plastic 06-11-2023

Recycled cellulosic-fibres

Petrochemicals BGPET – Goldman Sachs says the Israel-Hamas war could have major implications for Europe’s economy


Recycled cellulosic-fibres

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

New partnership for recycled man-made cellulosic fibres

SaXcell and Birla Cellulose sign Memorandum of Understanding for recycled fibre production to accelerate circularity.
Textile recycling innovator SaXcell has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Aditya Birla Group’s, Birla Cellulose, one of the world’s largest manufacturers of man-made cellulosic fibres. The MoU paves the way for the expansion of collaboration between the two companies for production of recycled man-made cellulosic fibres. SaXcell’s textile waste pulping technology combined with Birla’s advanced wet spinning expertise results in high quality sustainable SaXcell recycled fibres, serving the circular textile needs of customers at commercial scale.Commenting on the development, Mr Erik van der Weerd, CEO SaXcell, highlighted that this collaboration fits SaXcell’s vision to set up a robust circular textile supply chain based on partnership and mutual commitment. He explains: “To address today’s social and environmental challenges of the textile industry, global collaboration is imperative.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres
We need to facilitate a change from a linear to a circular economy and we need to do it now. SaXcell’s and Birla’s combined innovation force and production power offer a great opportunity to create real impact.”Commenting on this circularity and sustainability focussed collaboration, Dr. Aspi Patel, Chief Technology Officer, Aditya Birla Group and Birla Cellulose, points out: ”Birla Cellulose is strongly committed to support innovators for expanding circular fibre offerings in the textile and non-woven value chain. We have been exploring innovative business models and partnerships, this collaboration is one such initiative, where we aim to help SaXcell leapfrog from pilot to commercial demonstration scale.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres
Such partnerships will play an increasingly important role in accelerating circularity in global textile value chain.”SaXcell B.V. is an innovative technology development company that recycles used textiles into feedstock for making new and sustainable man-made cellulosic fibres. Creating the new fibres requires less water, land and chemicals. A team of researchers from Saxion University of Applied Science in Enschede started with SaXcell B.V. in 2015. After extensively testing and improving the technology, a pilot factory was successfully built in 2020. By 2024 SaXcell will further expand by building a Small Scale Production plant in Enschede, The Netherlands.
More…Recycled cellulosic-fibres

BMW showcases own battery to tackle Tesla

BMW starts making new battery cells that outperform Tesla’s BMW has begun producing its new Gen 6 battery cells, which will power its upcoming Neue Klasse electric vehicles.

The German car maker says its battery cells are better than Tesla’s in both performance and sustainability.

The Gen 6 battery cells are cylindrical and have a diameter of 46 mm. They come in two heights, 95 mm or 120 mm, depending on the capacity.

This shape helps to optimize the space and weight of the battery pack, which will be built into the vehicle structure.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

The Gen 6 battery cells will also have a voltage of 800 volts, which will enable faster charging and higher efficiency.

BMW claims its Gen 6 battery cells will provide a 30% increase in range over the previous generation, thanks to higher energy density and improved thermal management.

Moreover, the German company says it has cut CO2 emissions in cell production by 60%, using renewable energy and recycled materials.

The Bavarian company also plans to introduce solid-state batteries by 2030, which will further boost energy density by 20%.

The first cars to use Gen 6 battery cells will be the Neue Klasse models, which will launch in 2025.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

This is a new exclusive electric platform, which will include a compact sedan, a sporty SUV, a crossover and a station wagon.

BMW aims to sell more than 10 million electric vehicles by 2030, with a market share of 25%.

Recycled cellulosic-fibres

Japan: Scientists develop self-healing, stronger and partially biodegradable plastic

Scientists in Japan have developed a new version of plastic which is not just stronger and stretchier than the traditional version but also partially biodegradable. Besides, it can remember complex shapes which can be restored once it is heated.

Now, researchers at the University of Tokyo have successfully created “sustainable plastic,” which is based on an epoxy resin vitrimer. Recycled cellulosic-fibres

What are vitrimers?

Vitrimers represent a relatively recent category of plastics known for their impressive strength at low temperatures, while also possessing the unique ability to be reshaped numerous times when exposed to higher temperatures.

Nonetheless, they do have a notable drawback – extreme brittleness, as they cannot be stretched far before breaking.

To address this issue, researchers introduced a molecule called polyrotaxane into the plastic synthesis process, resulting in a novel plastic variant they’ve dubbed VPR, an abbreviation for “vitrimer incorporated with polyrotaxane.”

At lower temperatures, VPR’s robust internal chemical bonds maintain its rigid shape, but as temperatures rise, to around 150 degrees Celsius, these bonds start to recombine, allowing the material to take on different forms.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

Moreover, when heat and a solvent are applied to VPR, it readily breaks down into its constituent components. Submerging VPR in seawater for 30 days also led to a 25 per cent biodegradation, with the polyrotaxane breaking down into a potential food source for marine life.

Self-healing properties

“VPR is over five times as resistant to breaking as a typical epoxy resin vitrimer,” said Professor Shota Ando, a project research associate at the University of Tokyo Graduate School of Frontier Sciences.

“It also repairs itself 15 times as fast, can recover its original memorised shape twice as fast and can be chemically recycled 10 times as fast as the typical vitrimer.

It even biodegrades safely in a marine environment, which is new for this material,” Ando added.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres


Japan: Scientists develop self-healing, stronger and partially biodegradable plastic

High-purity rPET for new bottles

Croatia’s accession to the European Union has also given a significant boost to the topic of recycling, among other things.

Varisort sorting systems with FLASH technology for inspecting the bottle material for special colours (silver, opaq, TiO2 coloured) and for detecting bottles with a very low colour saturation.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

Since then, the aim has been to implement the EU’s waste directives and current targets and, above all, to drive forward the circular economy to a national level. The EU target of recycling more than 65 percent of the municipal waste generated by 2035 has paved the way for a sustainable circular economy.

Plastic packaging manufacturers as an active part of the circular economy

An example from the field of plastic packaging shows that especially the distributors and manufacturers of such packaging who see it as their duty to make their contribution to the circular economy and thus to environmental protection and resource conservation. The aim is to use recycled PET material in the production of PET beverage packaging and to continuously increase its share. When using recycled PET, purity is the decisive factor. Only pure and high-quality recyclate can be used for a wide range of new products and especially for beverage packaging.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

rPET pellets of the highest quality for use in the food sector

Austrian beverage producer Steinrieser and the newly founded Austrian-Croatian trading company for beverage production KIS pica have joined forces to set up a PET recycling plant in the Donja Dubrava region of Croatia to reprocess disposed plastic bottles.

The PET recycling plant REKIS produces up to 18,000 metric tons of high-quality rPET pellets annually, which is then reused for the production of beverage bottles. In Croatia, plastic bottles are collected via the existing deposit system, but also via municipal collection points. In addition, REKIS sources collected plastic bottles from Austria, Slovenia, Slovakia and the Czech Republic.

The material is delivered pressed into bales, separated and forwarded via an eddy current separator for separation from aluminium cans. To obtain pure PET material for use in the food sector from the plastic bottles processed in this way, a multi-stage sorting process follows.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

At REKIS, multisensor sorting systems from Sesotec are used to reliably separate plastic bottles and, in a further step, plastic flakes by type. This is the prerequisite for obtaining high-quality rPET pellets.

Presorting with Varisort+ multisensor sorting systems

In the first step, the bottles pass through the Varisort+ multisensor sorting system. Positive sorting of clear PET bottles takes place: PET plastic bottles and clear bottles are removed and sent to the next sorting stage. Unwanted plastic bottles are actively suppressed and were then sent to the return sorting stage with all other materials.

The advantage of this sorting process is that the target fraction is positively identified and collected. All other materials, such as stones, etc., are removed and no longer interfere with further processing.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres


High-purity rPET for new bottles

APLA ’23: Brazil’s PE supply concerns rise as demand ticks higher

Brazil’s concerns about short supply of polyethylene (PE) in the fourth quarter continue mounting as imports could fall while demand is expected to rise slightly heading into this year’s annual meeting of the Latin America Petrochemical Association (APLA).

  • Weather conditions could affect imports into Brazil
  • Planned maintenance shutdowns to affect domestic supply
  • Imports into Argentina heavily curtailed

Until August, PE supply was not a concern for the Brazilian chemicals market, but a drought in Brazil’s northern states has changed the scenario.

The inland Port of Manaus, in the state of Amazonas, is one of the main gateways for PE into Brazil; the region has large converters and is a free trade zone, making imports more competitive.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

However, the region has been struggling with a severe drought, causing the Port of Manaus – where the rivers Negro and Amazonas meet – to record its lowest water level in 121 years.

The Port recorded a water level of 13.59 metres in mid-October, the lowest level since records began in 1902 and well below the previous record lows of 2010.

Many shipping companies have ceased their services to the Amazonas state capital because, in some critical passage points, the water has reached a level that makes it impossible to continue maritime operations.

Many cargoes on board vessels bound for Manaus will have to be unloaded in other ports like Pecem and Vila do Conde, but it remains unclear when these cargoes will be re-embarked to Manaus.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

According to one distributor, this situation has caused many converters to transfer their production to plants located in other regions, thus generating an “artificial” demand for PE due to the impossibility of receiving imports in Manaus and shipping finished products from there to other regions.

Another source said this situation should only improve in Q1 2024, causing a large volume of backlogged cargo to land in Manaus next year, while a local converter said it expects the situation to improve in November.


APLA ’23: Brazil’s PE supply concerns rise as demand ticks higher

Berlin Packaging and APR partner to assess recyclability of PET bottles

The initiative will allow participating companies to receive the APR’s Design Recognition verification. Recycled cellulosic-fibres

Berlin Packaging has collaborated with US-based non-profit organisation the Association of Plastic Recyclers (APR) to introduce a sample bottle programme.

The programme aims to assist in the designing and testing of recyclable polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic packaging.

Berlin Packaging, a hybrid packaging solutions provider, is a member of the APR.

As part of this effort, Berlin Packaging is required to send small quantities of PET bottles to undergo recyclability test protocols at third-party testing laboratories to secure the APR’s Design for Recyclability Recognition.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

This guide is designed to help companies ensure that the design of their packaging is fully recyclable and can easily be converted into high-quality, post-consumer recycled content.


Berlin Packaging and APR partner to assess recyclability of PET bottles

Recycled cellulosic-fibres

Mechanically recycled plastic – Multiple mixed plastic polymers depolymerized by single catalyst in new scientific development 04-11-2023

Mechanically recycled plastic – Multiple mixed plastic polymers depolymerized by single catalyst in new scientific development 04-11-2023

Mechanically recycled plastic

Borealis anticipates expanded mechanically recycled plastic compounding capacity in closed Rialti acquisition

Borealis has successfully closed a deal to acquire recycled polypropylene compound producer Rialti in a move set to boost its portfolio of PP compounds based on mechanical recyclates by 50,000 tons annually.

Rialti produces polypropylene compounds with a focus on mechanically recycled PP feedstock from post-industrial and post-consumer waste. With its annual capacity of 50,000 tons, it makes injection moulding and extrusion PP compounds for the automotive, appliances, and construction industries, among others.  Mechanically recycled plastic

After signing the agreement to acquire Rialti back in June, Borealis anticipates that the subsequent improvement in capacity will help to expand its PP compounding business and increase its volume of compounds based on mechanical recyclates. In turn, it expects to provide a wider range of sustainability-minded, high-performance solutions, meet customer demand, and help close the loop on a circular economy.

“Mechanical recycling is a key component of our integrated circular cascade model, which is a cornerstone of our future-positive transformation and path to net zero,” says Lucrèce Foufopoulos, Borealis executive vice president Polyolefins, Circularity and Innovation & Technology. “The acquisition of Rialti provides a vital expansion of our recyclate-based PP compound capacity, and marks another critical step on our path to reinventing essentials for sustainable living.”  Mechanically recycled plastic

Massimo Dal Toso, CEO of Rialti, adds: “Borealis is at the forefront of our industry’s mission to advance plastics circularity. With the closing of this transaction, I am pleased to see Rialti’s capacity and expertise contributing to this endeavour.


Mechanically recycled plastic

CompPair healable composites, recycled carbon fibers featured in ID Genève luxury watch

HealTech prepregs enable 400x faster regenerative properties for the new Circular C product, along with incorporation of industrial waste fibers for a sustainable touch.

The newly launched Circular C watch by ID Genève (Geneva, Switzerland) is claimed to be the first regenerative watch that has been designed with CompPair Technologies’ (Renens) healable composite technology, HealTech, produced with prepregs made from recycled carbon fibers sourced from industrial waste.  Mechanically recycled plastic

The dial, side decorations and bezel of the watch are all comprised of HealTech prepregs, which are capable of repairing scratches and internal cracks up to 400x faster than industrial standards. Initially intended for sports, leisure and aerospace components, CompPair’s smart material has also proved its appeal in the luxury sector.

“CompPair’s vision is to extend the lifetime of composites to reduce maintenance operations and waste, as well as improve circularity, in line with ID Genève’s vision,” Amaël Cohades, CEO and cofounder of CompPair, says. “Through this work, we are demonstrating the use of our healable resins with recycled carbon fibers, that can be applied to various other applications.”  Mechanically recycled plastic

CompPair aims to accelerate the transition to a circular economy with a product enabling ultrafast repair and cost reductions. The company is developing innovative resins which produce composite structures that can heal damage on-site in 1 minute. Together with ID Genève, CompPair has taken its technology one step further by combining it with recycled fibers, combining innovation with sustainability.


recycled carbon fibers

Multiple mixed plastic polymers depolymerized by single catalyst in new scientific development

Scientists at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have developed a catalytic process that can apparently deconstruct multiple polymers in mixed plastic streams back down to their building blocks – a development set to cut down on energy use, fossil fuel consumption, and carbon emissions, among other benefits.

According to ORNL, almost 90% of mixed consumer plastics are buried in landfills or incinerated at commercial facilities, regardless of whether they enter waste or recycling streams. This is attributed to the cheaper alternative of making new plastics rather than collecting, sorting, and recycling existing ones.  Mechanically recycled plastic

In response, ORNL has combined chemical design, neutron scattering, and computing to develop a new recycling process.

It utilizes a catalyst to deconstruct multiple polymers in mixed plastics back into monomers. This process is said to take place over approximately two hours and is thought to be the first single catalytic treatment capable of deconstructing PET, polyurethanes, polyamides, and polycarbonates – all of which make up around 30% of global plastic production, the researchers claim.

An analysis published in the scientific journal Materials Horizons suggests that the new catalyst would call for up to 94% less energy input, generate up to 95% fewer greenhouse gases, and reduce fossil fuel consumption by up to 96%. It is set to replace harsh chemicals in polymer deconstruction and provide good selectivity, thermal stability, nonvolatility, and low flammability.  Mechanically recycled plastic

ORNL synthetic polymer chemist and author Tomonori Saito explained: “Our approach involves a tailored synthetic organocatalyst — a compound comprised of small organic molecules that facilitate organic chemical transformations. The organocatalyst can convert batches of mixed plastic waste into valuable monomers for reuse in producing commercial-grade plastics and other valuable materials.

“This exceptionally efficient chemical process can help close the loop for recycling mixed plastics by replacing first-use monomers with recycled monomers.

“Today, nearly all plastics are made from fossil fuels using first-use monomers made by energy-intensive processes. Establishing this kind of closed-loop recycling, if used globally, could reduce annual energy consumption by about 3.5 billion barrels of oil.”

ORNL’s Spallation Neutron Source has also used small-angle neutron scattering to confirm that waste plastics had been deconstructed into monomers. In this process, neutrons are scattered at small angles to gauge structures at different levels of detail, e.g., nanometres or fractions of a micrometre.  Mechanically recycled plastic

Plastics are deconstructed at different temperatures by the organocatalyst. This enables individual monomers to be sequentially and separately recovered in a reusable form, as PET deconstructs at 180°C, polyamides at 210°C, polyurethanes at 160°C, and polycarbonates at 130°C.


Mechanically recycled plastic

Plastic-eating bacteria turn waste into useful starting materials for other products

Mountains of used plastic bottles get thrown away every day, but microbes could potentially tackle this problem. Now, researchers in ACS Central Science report that they’ve developed a plastic-eating E. coli that can efficiently turn polyethylene terephthalate (PET) waste into adipic acid, which is used to make nylon materials, drugs and fragrances.  Mechanically recycled plastic

Previously, a team of researchers including Stephen Wallace engineered a strain of E. coli to transform the main component in old PET bottles, terephthalic acid, into something tastier and more valuable: the vanilla flavor compound vanillin. At the same time, other researchers engineered microbes to metabolize terephthalic acid into a variety of small molecules, including short acids. So, Wallace and a new team from the University of Edinburgh wanted to expand E. coli’s biosynthetic pathways to include the metabolism of terephthalic acid into adipic acid, a feedstock for many everyday products that’s typically generated from fossil fuels using energy-intensive processes.

The team developed a new E. coli strain that produced enzymes that could transform terephthalic acid into compounds such as muconic acid and adipic acid.

Then, to transform the muconic acid into adipic acid, they used a second type of E. coli, which produced hydrogen gas, and a palladium catalyst. Mechanically recycled plastic

In experiments, the team found that attaching the engineered microbial cells to alginate hydrogel beads improved their efficiency, and up to 79% of the terephthalic acid was converted into adipic acid. Using real-world samples of terephthalic acid from a discarded bottle and a coating taken from waste packaging labels, the engineered E. coli system efficiently produced adipic acid. In the future, the researchers say they will look for pathways to biosynthesize additional higher-value products.

The authors acknowledge funding from the Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland; the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre; a Future Leaders Fellowship from UK Research and Innovation; and an Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council Sustainable Manufacturing grant. Mechanically recycled plastic


Plastic-eating bacteria turn waste into useful starting materials for other products

Huntsman suspends EV battery materials because of Chinese imports

Huntsman is suspending a project that would produce ultra-pure ethylene carbonate (UPEC) used in the batteries of electric vehicles because of aggressive imports from China, which has caused pricing to fall by 75%, said the company.

“The current level of pricing will not generate the returns we would expect, and we took the difficult decision to suspend the project,” the company said in prepared remarks about its Q3 earnings.  Mechanically recycled plastic

Once Huntsman sees signs that pricing for UPEC will improve, it can complete the project within 12 months.

Huntsman is the only producer of ultra-pure ethylene carbonate in North America. The company had planned to raise UPEC capacity to up to 20,000 tonnes/year at its plant in Conroe, Texas. The project would have been completed by the end of this year.

Huntsman suspends EV battery materials because of Chinese imports

SK Geo Centric to build a pyrolysis plant in Dangjin with Plastic Energy

■ SK Geo Centric signed an MOU with UK-based Plastic Energy in Germany to establish a pyrolysis plant in Dangjin, Chungcheongnam-do Province, Korea on October 31  Mechanically recycled plastic

■ With the plant’s geographical advantage, proximity to the Seoul metropolitan area and Chungcheong-do regions, the plant is anticipated to create a synergy for waste plastic recycling in collaboration with the Ulsan ARC

■ SK Geo Centric CEO Na Kyung-soo stated, “The establishment and operation of the pyrolysis plant will contribute to establishing a circular economy system”

SK Geo Centric joins forces with Plastic Energy, the UK-based plastic pyrolysis specialist, to build a waste plastic pyrolysis plant in Dangjin, Chungcheongnam-do province. The plant is the second domestic pyrolysis plant after the Ulsan ARC (Advanced Recycling Cluster), which is under construction in the southern district of Ulsan with the goal of operations in 2025.

The two companies signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for the construction of the Pyrolysis Plant 2 in Frankfurt, Germany on October 31 (local time). According to the MOU, the companies will establish a joint venture and construct a pyrolysis facility in the Songsan-2 Foreign Investment Zone in Dangjin. The specific timeline for construction and plant operation will be determined through future discussions between the two companies. The annual waste plastic processing capacity of Pyrolysis Plant 2 is planned to be 66,000 tons.  Mechanically recycled plastic

As the second plant will be located near the Seoul metropolitan area and Chungcheong regions, not only will its locational feature facilitate efficient waste collection from these areas, there is also the potential connection with the Ulsan ARC. The pyrolysis oil produced at Pyrolysis Plant 2 is expected to be further refined at the Ulsan ARC’s pyrolysis oil post-treatment facility for use in petrochemical processes.

Pyrolysis oil is created by heating waste plastics and discarded vinyl at high temperatures, and it is considered a crude oil substitute. Therefore, it is regarded as a crucial element in the circular economy for waste plastics, as it can be used in petrochemical processes to produce new petrochemical products. This process is also referred to as “Urban Oil Field” as it is extracting crude oil from waste materials.  Mechanically recycled plastic

Last year, SK Geo Centric continued its collaborative relationship with Plastic Energy by signing a Heads of Agreement (HOA) for the construction of a waste plastic pyrolysis plant in the Ulsan ARC. Building on Plastic Energy’s experience in operating stable pyrolysis plants in places including Seville, Spain, and its accumulated technology patents, the partnership aims to open up an era of a circular economy for waste plastics in South Korea.

SK Geo Centric CEO Na Kyung-soo said, “Following Ulsan, operating a waste plastic pyrolysis plant in Dangjin will significantly contribute to establishing a circular economy system in Korea.”  Mechanically recycled plastic


SK Geo Centric to build a pyrolysis plant in Dangjin with Plastic Energy

Celanese, the US-based engineered materials producer, has unveiled its plan to cease operations at its nylon 6,6 and high-performance nylon manufacturing facilities located in Uentrop, Germany

The decision to shut down these production units is primarily attributed to mounting operational costs, a move intended to bolster the company’s financial stability. On Tuesday, Celanese initiated the consultation process with both the works council and the labor union, marking the initial steps in the closure procedure.

This strategic decision involves a meticulous timeline, with the company aiming to conclude the shutdown by the year 2024. It represents a significant operational shift and is anticipated to come with substantial financial implications.

The estimated cost of the plant closures is projected to range between USD 110 million and USD 125 million. This substantial expenditure encompasses a variety of expenses, such as decommissioning equipment, managing inventory, and addressing environmental concerns.  Mechanically recycled plastic

Furthermore, a crucial aspect of this process is the termination of the employees currently working at the Uentrop facility. While the company has made efforts to streamline the process and ensure that this transition is as smooth as possible for its workforce, the exact costs related to employee termination remain uncertain. The financial intricacies of severance packages, pensions, and other associated expenses are yet to be fully determined.

This decision has come as a response to the evolving economic landscape and changing market dynamics. Celanese, like many other global companies, faces the challenge of managing production costs and optimizing its global footprint to stay competitive in the industry. The decision to shut down these plants is part of a broader strategy to streamline operations and enhance profitability.  Mechanically recycled plastic

The impact of this closure extends beyond the financial realm. It also raises questions about the livelihoods and future employment opportunities of the workers at the Uentrop facility. The consultation process with the works council and union is crucial in ensuring that the interests of the employees are taken into account as the shutdown proceeds. It is a challenging and complex process that requires a delicate balance between cost management and social responsibility.

In the meantime, Celanese remains committed to maintaining its dividend payout to its stockholders. The company’s dividend, which is a distribution of profits to its shareholders, is set to be paid out in 2023. The dividend is payable to stockholders who were recorded as such by October 30, 2023.  Mechanically recycled plastic

As the shutdown plan progresses, Celanese will continue to navigate the complexities associated with the facility closures and the accompanying financial challenges. The company’s focus remains on adapting to the ever-changing industrial landscape while also fulfilling its obligations to its employees and shareholders. The eventual impact of this strategic decision on Celanese’s financial health and market position will be closely watched by industry observers and investors alike.

Celanese, the US-based engineered materials producer, has unveiled its plan to cease operations at its nylon 6,6 and high-performance nylon manufacturing facilities located in Uentrop, Germany

Plastic waste – Signal: carmakers boost EV battery supply chains via recycling partnerships 03-11-2023

Mechanically recycled plastic

Circular plastics – World Bank warns oil price could soar to record $150 a barrel 01-11-2023

Circular plastics

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

European plastics manufacturers agree roadmap to circular plastics

European plastics manufacturers have agreed a “Plastics Transition” roadmap that aims to accelerate the transition to make plastics circular and net zero lifecycle emissions.

The “Plastics Transition” roadmap highlights what Plastics Europe calls the “urgent need” for a policy framework that stimulates circular markets and investments.

Plastics Europe says its vision is to create a sustainable plastics system that continues to meet consumer and societal demands while supporting the transitions of many downstream industries. Circular plastics

The roadmap establishes a pathway to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the overall plastics system by 28% by 2030 and towards net zero by 2050. It also predicts that circular plastics could meet 25% of European demand in 2030 and 65% by 2050.

Cumulated additional investments and operational costs to reach these ambitions are projected to be €235 billion, Plastics Europe says.

The roadmap identifies several “key levers and enablers”, and details immediate, short, and medium-term milestones and actions for plastics manufacturers. It also says that circularity requires a whole value chain approach and includes recommended actions for policymakers and value chain stakeholders between now and 2030.

For the first time our industry is united around a hugely ambitious but realistic plan to redesign the European plastics system.

Virginia Janssens, Managing Director of Plastics Europe, commented: “For the first time our industry is united around a hugely ambitious but realistic plan to redesign the European plastics system – the ‘Plastics Transition’ roadmap. It will be our North Star for the years to come and reflects a profound cultural shift that has taken place in our industry.”        Circular plastics

The roadmap also calls for a European waste management system fit for a net zero and circular economy, minimum circular plastic content targets for key plastics applications, and unlock industry investments in, for example, chemical recycling infrastructure.

Marco ten Bruggencate, President of Plastics Europe, and Dow EMEA Commercial Vice President Packaging and Specialty Plastics said: “We are excited about the opportunity the Green Deal provides to create a thriving and competitive European plastics industry that allows us to increase investment and innovation in circularity and decarbonisation.


Circular plastics

Amcor, SK Geo Centric partner for supply of recycled content

Amcor, a global leader in developing and producing responsible packaging solutions, announced today that it has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with SK Geo Centric (SK), a leading petrochemical company based in South Korea, to source advanced recycled material primarily in the Asia Pacific region beginning in 2025.

The MOU with SK will enable Amcor to provide access to packaging solutions using recycled content for food and healthcare customers in key markets in Asia Pacific, as well as globally, building on Amcor’s existing global access to advanced recycled material through ExxonMobil, as well as its recent investment with Licella in Australia. Combined, these partnerships will help Amcor take another important step toward achieving its target of 30% recycled content across its portfolio by 2030.  Circular plastics

“Our ability to deliver more sustainable packaging solutions containing recycled material is increasingly important to customers in all consumer categories,” said Mike Cash, president of Amcor Flexibles Asia Pacific. “These partnerships will help enable Amcor to unlock opportunities for food and healthcare customers to leverage recycled content in their packaging, and will also foster a circular economy by significantly reducing the need for virgin plastic.”

SK Geo Centric CEO Na Kyung-soo said, “We are committed to contributing to a circular economy by expanding the supply chain where pyrolysis oil, produced from end-of-life plastic, can provide recycled content in consumer packaging. Providing Amcor with access to that material is an important step forward.”

SK extracts pyrolysis oil from end-of-life plastic waste that would otherwise be sent to landfill. SK is using post-processing technology the company developed.

This can then replace crude oil as a feedstock for petrochemical processes and subsequently polyethylene to make new sustainable packaging materials for our customers.  Circular plastics


Circular plastics

500ml sparkling drink bottles from The Coca-Cola Company shift to 100% recycled plastic in Canada

The Coca-Cola Company is transitioning all 500ml sparkling beverage bottles sold in Canada into 100% recycled plastic, excluding caps and labels, by early 2024 to save virgin plastic, reduce carbon emissions, and meet its sustainability targets.

The company claims to be the first to launch multiple sparkling beverages in 100% recycled plastic bottle bodies across Canada. Coke Canada Bottling will produce the bottles at its manufacturing facilities in Brampton, Ontario; Calgary, Alberta; Lachine, Quebec; and Richmond, British Columbia.  Circular plastics

All bottles falling under this category will display ‘Recycle Me Again’ messaging to raise awareness and encourage consumers to continue recycling the packaging at end-of-life.

“This means that no virgin PET plastic will be used for our sparkling 500ml bottles under normal circumstances going forward in Canada,” said Kurt Ritter, vice president and general manager, Sustainability, Coca-Cola North America. “We hope that transitioning our 500ml sparkling portfolio to 100% recycled plastic will increase the amount of high-quality, food-grade, recycled plastic available in Canada and, ultimately, enable us to offer more of our brands in this sustainable format.”  Circular plastics

The shift is predicted to save 7.6 million pounds of new plastic in 2024 and cut out almost 7,000 metric tons of CO2 every year, a reduction that The Coca-Cola Company compares to taking 1,500 cars off the road for one year. It also aligns with the company’s World Without Waste goals, in which it aspires to lower its consumption of virgin plastic and utilize at least 50% recycled content in its packaging by 2030.


Circular plastics

World Bank warns oil price could soar to record $150 a barrel

Escalation of Israel-Hamas war into Middle East-wide conflict would disrupt oil supplies and stoke food prices, says Bank

Oil prices could soar to a record high of more than $150 a barrel if the war between Israel and Hamas leads to a repeat of the full-scale conflict in the Middle East witnessed 50 years ago, the World Bank has warned.

In the first major assessment of the economic risks of an escalation of the war beyond Gaza’s borders, the World Bank said there was a risk of the cost of crude entering “uncharted waters”.  Circular plastics

A “large disruption” scenario comparable with the Arab oil boycott of the west in 1973 would create supply shortages that would lead to the price of a barrel of oil increasing from about $90 to between $140 and 157. The previous record – unadjusted for inflation – was $147 a barrel in 2008.

“The latest conflict in the Middle East comes on the heels of the biggest shock to commodity markets since the 1970s – Russia’s war with Ukraine,” said Indermit Gill, the World Bank’s chief economist. “That had disruptive effects on the global economy that persist to this day.

“Policymakers will need to be vigilant. If the conflict were to escalate, the global economy would face a dual energy shock for the first time in decades – not just from the war in Ukraine but also from the Middle East.”

The Bank said in its latest commodity markets outlook that the shock to the global economy would not be confined to energy costs but would also result in hundreds of millions going hungry as a result of higher food prices.

In its assessment, the Bank said the Israel-Hamas war had had little impact on commodity prices so far. Oil prices had risen by about 6%, but agricultural commodities, industrial metals and other commodities had “barely budged”.

It added: “The outlook for commodity prices would darken quickly if the conflict were to escalate.”  Circular plastics

Under the World Bank’s baseline forecast, oil prices will average $90 a barrel in the current quarter before declining to an average of $81 a barrel next year as global economic growth slows. But it also sketched out three alternative paths for oil prices:

  • A “small disruption” scenario, in which the global oil supply would be reduced by 500,000 to 2m barrels a day -roughly equivalent to the reduction seen during the Libyan civil war in 2011. The oil price would rise to a range of $93 to $102 a barrel.


World Bank warns oil price could soar to record $150 a barrel

Closing the loop on bottle caps

Recycler, processor and manufacturer Greenpath Enterprises has partnered with TOMRA Recycling Sorting to install and optimize a plastic flake sorting line designed to identify and separate mixed polyolefin caps from beverage bottles.

“We are at the genesis of creating a sorting system for caps similar to what is more common today for the bottle,” said Eric Olsson, area segment manager, plastics for TOMRA Recycling.  Circular plastics

Operating for more than 25 years, the vertically integrated Greenpath accepts a wide range of materials, and the inbound flow can be somewhat inconsistent. Greenpath creates value being a one-stop solution by accepting mixed trailer loads with variable supply streams and producing consistent, quality products.

“Developing a mechanical sorting process to close the loop for food-grade cap-to-cap recycling by consistently separating mixed polyolefins by polymer and colour with high purity is a game changer,” said Joe Castro, president of Colton, California-based Greenpath.

Considering only the post-consumer polyolefin materials – low-density polyethylene (LDPE), high-density polyethylene (HDPE) and polypropylene (PP) – Greenpath accepts film, rigid plastics and bottle caps. Polypropylene and polyethylene (PE) are together the most abundant plastic family on earth, but the market is limited for valuable applications for mixed polyolefins, according to Olsson.

PE and PP have very close density characteristics and are challenging to separate. So, mixed polyolefins are primarily downcycled into more forgiving applications that allow for more contamination.  Circular plastics

The quest for cap to cap

A beverage container commonly consists of four parts: the bottle, cap or closure, ring and label. A more mature PET recycling infrastructure has led to brand owners incorporating up to 100% PCR material in their bottles.

As regulations increase the percentage of recycled content by weight, the next logical container component to address is the cap. “Following Greenpath’s approach, the industry can move toward a 100% PCR by weight package using only mechanical sortation,” says Olsson.

During the recycling process, bottles, labels, caps and rings are shredded, and a sink-float process is used to separate the PET bottles from the PE and PP caps.

The heavier PET sinks and the lighter polyolefins float and are skimmed off as a secondary byproduct.  Circular plastics


Closing the loop on bottle caps

The Future of Cars: Exploring the Advancements in Polymer Automobile Technology 

The automotive industry is experiencing a revolution, and at the heart of this transformation lies the remarkable advancements in polymer automobile technology. In recent years, there has been a paradigm shift towards the use of polymers, also known as plastics, in various automotive applications. These innovations are set to reshape the future of cars by enhancing performance, reducing environmental impact, and improving safety. This article delves into the exciting world of polymer automobile technology and how it is driving the automotive industry towards a sustainable and dynamic future.


The Rise of Polymers in Automobiles

Lightweighting for Fuel Efficiency

One of the most significant trends in the automotive industry is the pursuit of fuel efficiency. As environmental concerns and stringent regulations regarding emissions continue to shape the industry’s landscape, automakers are turning to polymer materials for solutions.

Polymers offer a remarkable advantage in terms of weight reduction. By replacing traditional metal components with lightweight polymers, vehicles can achieve better fuel economy and reduced emissions.  Circular plastics

In the quest for lightweighting, polymers like carbon fiber-reinforced composites are leading the way. These materials are not only lighter than steel but also possess impressive strength and durability. As a result, the use of polymers in structural components, such as body panels and chassis, is on the rise. This shift towards lightweight materials not only reduces fuel consumption but also enhances handling and overall driving experience.

Electrification and Battery Technology

The electric vehicle (EV) revolution is another driving force behind the adoption of polymer technology. In EVs, battery packs play a crucial role, and their weight directly impacts the vehicle’s range and performance. To optimize the efficiency of batteries, automakers are incorporating lightweight and thermally efficient polymers in battery components.


The Future of Cars: Exploring the Advancements in Polymer Automobile Technology 

Zeppelin Systems and ReOil build tire recycling plant in Poland

In March 2023, Zeppelin Systems launched the Zeppelin Sustainable Tire Alliance to cooperate with international partners on shaping the future of tire production and tire recycling in a more environmentally friendly manner.

One of the members of this technology alliance is the Polish company ReOil, which built Europe’s largest pyrolysis plant for the recycling of old tires in 2015. Since then, ReOil has recycled around 20,000 tons of old tires annually. Zeppelin Systems was awarded the engineering contract for the construction of a second ReOil pyrolysis plant. Construction is scheduled to start in February 2024.

After completion of the gigantic plant, around 60,000 tons of old tires are to be returned to the sustainable circular economy every year.

ReOil, Europe’s largest pyrolysis plant operator, works in the field of raw material recycling. The company uses continuous pyrolysis to break down rubber from old tires into substance such as gas, oil and recovered Carbon Black (rCB). The recycled materials obtained are reused, for example, in the manufacture of textiles, new tires, rubber components, plastics, steel, or aviation fuel. After commissioning in 2015 and initial test runs, ReOil recycled around 70,000 tons of old tires since 2020 to date. Since 2020, the plant has been operating in a process-stable and profitable manner.

With the construction of the new pyrolysis plant, the company has tripled its annual recycling capacity to around 60,000 tons per year. A first-class plant covering an area of around 27 acres, brought to life by technology and engineering solutions from Zeppelin Systems!  Circular plastics


Zeppelin Systems and ReOil build tire recycling plant in Poland

Carbon fiber – New method of recycling carbon fiber shows potential for use in more advanced products 31-10-2023

Circular plastics

Plastic Pollution – Supply chain letter on the need for mass balance fuel-use exempt for chemical recycling 25-10-2023

Plastic Pollution

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Stamicarbon (MAIRE Group) signs licensing and equipment supply contracts with Shandong Lianmeng Chemical Company for an Ultra-Low Energy grassroots urea plant in China

Shandong Lianmeng Chemical Company awards licensing and equipment supply contracts for a grassroots urea melt and prilling plant in China to Stamicarbon, the nitrogen technology licensor of MAIRE Group. The plant located in Shouguang city of Shandong province in China will use Stamicarbon’s Ultra-Low Energy design with a highly efficient pool reactor concept and have a capacity of 2334 MTPD.

Stamicarbon will provide the license, proprietary equipment, including high-pressure equipment made of super duplex stainless steel and associated services. This grassroots project will be the eighth urea plant worldwide to utilize Stamicarbon’s proprietary Ultra-Low Energy design.  Plastic Pollution

The Ultra-Low Energy Design allows heat supplied as high-pressure steam to be used three times instead of two, compared to the conventional CO2 stripping processes. This results in a 35% reduction in steam consumption and a 16% decrease in cooling water use. The efficiency of this design is proven with two operational plants, making its energy savings unparalleled in the market.

“We are thrilled to start this project in collaboration with Stamicarbon, a global leader in urea technology. We are looking forward to seeing the cutting-edge technology in action and are confident in the advantages it will bring,” said Mr. Wang Xinjian, the General manager of Shandong Lianmeng Group.

“We’re excited to launch a project using our Ultra-Low Energy design, which has shown itself to be the top choice for energy efficiency and sustainability in urea production. With this project, we are further expanding our footprint in China, aiming to address the region’s growing demand for urea,” said Pejman Djavdan, Stamicarbon CEO.


Plastic Pollution

In-house production facility in Romania steers Coca-Cola HBC towards 50% rPET goal in 2023

Coca-Cola HBC has opened a new in-house production facility in Romania to supply rPET for its 100% recycled bottle portfolio – apparently positioning the company to deliver almost 50% rPET use across its EU and Swiss markets by the end of the year.

The development follows an investment of €11 million, which includes €3.5 million of state aid, and is thought to make Romania the first market within the group to use 100% recycled bottles across its portfolio, an in-house PET production facility – and, from December, a deposit return scheme (DRS) to facilitate bottle and can collection for recycling.  Plastic Pollution

Other ventures into DRS are set to roll out in many of the company’s markets, with five currently active across the company’s markets and six more set to be added by the end of 2025. These systems are said to reach a typical collection rate of 90% for bottles and cans.

Coca-Cola HBC Romania is also described as the first beverage producer in the market to produce PET in-house and, of Coca-Cola HBC’s markets, marks the third rPET decontamination facility to begin operations.

It is reported that 22% of the PET used across Coca-Cola HBC’s EU and Swiss markets in 2022 was recycled. A combination of its progress in Romania and the transition into recycled bottle portfolios in its Swiss, Austrian, Italian, Irish, and Northern Irish markets, the company claims that it is on its was to utilizing 50% rPET by the end of 2023, ahead of its 2025 deadline.  Plastic Pollution

With packaging constituting around a third of Coca-Cola HBC’s carbon footprint, the company is foregrounding its efforts to achieve net zero emissions across its whole value chain by 2040. Food-grade rPET bottles have an 80% lower carbon footprint than virgin PET resin, the company claims, and all electricity used on its production line is said to come from 100% renewable sources.

Additionally, it claims to have reduced 30% of emissions across its entire supply chain since 2010 and invested €377 million into its sustainability initiatives.

“I’m very proud of the progress we are seeing in our sustainability agenda and our mission to create a world without waste,” said CEO Zoran Bogdanovic. “At Coca-Cola HBC, our purpose is to ‘Open Up Moments that Refresh us All’ and this means that, beyond the functional refreshment that we provide, we strive to refresh our communities and the environment through the work that we do.

“We are working to produce and deliver our drinks in more sustainable ways and in packaging that has a life beyond its initial use – and Romania is a great example of how we can work collaboratively with our stakeholders and the wider industry to create a circular economy for packaging.”  Plastic Pollution

Coca-Cola Philippines recently rolled out its own line of 100% rPET bottles – including caps and labels – for its Coca-Cola Original and Wilkins Pure brands. A new sustainable packaging platform is accompanying their release, seeking to increase consumer education in the fight against plastic waste.


Plastic Pollution

Global Plastics Summit Puts Forth Radical Proposals to Reduce Plastic Pollution

Article-Global Plastics Summit Puts Forth Radical Proposals to Reduce Plastic Pollution

The Global Rules Scenario would lead to production of just 301 million tonnes of virgin plastics by 2040 compared with current projections of 712 million tonnes

Amid what’s described as an “escalating global plastic pollution crisis,” key stakeholders from across the plastics space, headed by NGOs, policymakers, and the scientific community, have unveiled their recommendations to guide UN negotiations on establishing an international, legally binding treaty to combat plastic pollution. Plastic Pollution

Delegates at the inaugural Global Plastics Summit in Bangkok, albeit with sparse participation from plastics producers themselves, proposed a raft of solutions to plug gaps in a draft of a Global Plastics Treaty to ensure it is robust enough to tackle the plastics crisis. The summit, organized by Economist Impact, is the largest and most significant assembly of stakeholders ahead of the third round of negotiations on the UN Plastics Treaty (Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee INC-3), scheduled to take place in Nairobi, Kenya, from Nov. 13 to 19, 2023.

Slashing virgin resin production by 2040

Among the more ambitious — some might say radical — proposals to minimize plastic waste detailed at the summit included calls to significantly reduce production of virgin polymers. One such strategy was highlighted in a presentation by Felix Cornehl, manager of Systemiq. The firm describes itself as a system change company whose objective is to help design and build a better [sustainable] economy. Plastic Pollution

Under its Global Rules Scenario, Systemiq proposes that global production of virgin plastics be slashed by 30% by 2040 compared with the 2019 production level through a process of reduction and elimination, including increased usage of recycled materials.

The Global Rules Scenario would reduce the annual volume of virgin plastic production and consumption by applying targets, fees and demand reduction policies; eliminating avoidable single-use plastics in certain applications; mandating substitution where alternative materials would yield better impacts; and expanding safe reuse, recycling, durability, and repair.

Systemiq’s proposal does emphasize that alternative materials should only be mandated when their environmental outcomes are more favorable than those of the material being replaced. One potential barrier here is that, in numerous cases, plastics have been proven to be the most environmentally friendly option available, provided they are disposed of correctly or recycled. Plastic Pollution

Hefty EPR fees on the table

The company’s proposal also encompasses extended producer responsibility (EPR), with fees modeled depending on product and region, but ranging from $300 per tonne starting in 2025 and increasing gradually to $1,000 per tonne by 2040.

The Global Rules Scenario does not consider substitution of current plastics with bio-based, biodegradable, or compostable plastics (except for some specific applications in agriculture). “Uncertainty remains as to the role of these solutions in the future and caution is required based on the available evidence,” says Systemiq.

The end result of the Global Rules Scenario would lead to production of just 301 million tonnes of virgin plastics in 2040 versus 430 million tonnes in 2019, compared with 712 million tonnes in 2040 in a business-as-usual scenario. If realized, this would have a devastating effect on many plastics producers and converters who fail to adapt to the new normal. Plastic Pollution


Plastic Pollution

Supply chain letter on the need for mass balance fuel-use exempt for chemical recycling

The undersigned, representing 20 associations in the plastics supply chain, call on EU Member States to urgently adopt mass balance fuel-use exempt as the EU harmonised mass balance method for allocating recycled content via chemical recycling.

An early warning report to Member States from June 2023 states that 19 countries are at high risk of not achieving their plastic packaging recycling targets*. Currently, the EU plastics recycling rate is 38% (Eurostat, 2022) while the target for 2025 is 50%. Recycling efforts across the EU need to be urgently ramped up with a critical need for more investment in recycling and collection infrastructure. Plastic Pollution

While mechanical and other physical recycling technologies will continue to expand and innovate, there is also a unique opportunity for chemical recycling to complement existing efforts to help achieve recycling targets and increase the volume of recycled content. Mandatory recycled content targets for packaging and automotive are currently being discussed at EU level.

Chemically recycled feedstocks are typically blended with virgin feedstocks and the two different feedstocks cannot be physically separated once they are co-fed into the complex large-scale installations. Therefore, a mass balance chain of custody is required to accurately calculate and verify the amount of recycled content allocated to products. Chemical recycling allows the use of plastic waste, especially feedstock not suitable for mechanical recycling, to produce new chemicals, including plastics. Recent academic research shows that mechanical, other physical and chemical recycling are complementary as these address different types of feedstocks**.  Plastic Pollution

As recognised by the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC), chemical recycling is currently undergoing rapid technological developments***. When comparing the environmental performance of chemical recycling to incineration with energy recovery, chemical recycling already achieves significant greenhouse gas emission savings, and these are set to increase as the EU electricity grid gradually decarbonises.

Mass balance fuel-use exempt is crucial to incentivize the rapid scale-up of chemical recycling. An estimated 8-billion-euro investment is in the pipeline by 2030 that would produce 2.8Mt recycled plastics via chemical recycling across the different EU Member States****. However, these planned investments will not be achieved if the regulatory framework does not allow for a mass balance method that incentivizes scale-up.

The mass balance fuel-use exempt approach is in line with the EU recycling definition in the Waste Framework Directive and we endorse this to be accompanied by stringent third-party certification and auditing systems to ensure the traceability of recycled content throughout the supply chain. Plastic Pollution

Chemical recyclers are already using third party certification systems with mass balance allocation to ensure full chain of custody traceability for the products commercialised on the market. Other methods such as polymer only and proportional allocation will significantly increase the costs and the required chemical recycling capacity needed to achieve the recycled content targets in packaging and other sectors.


Supply chain letter on the need for mass balance fuel-use exempt for chemical recycling

Plastics Recyclers Europe warns against priority access to recycled PET

The organisation said the provision, if implemented, would promote monopolistic control of recycled polymers and go against free-market principles

Plastics Recyclers Europe (PRE), the European Waste Management Association (FEAD), and EuRIC, a confederation representing the interests of the European recycling industries, have objected to the introduction of the “right of first refusal” in the Packaging and Packaging Waste Regulation proposal (PPWR) legislation.  Plastic Pollution

“Right of first refusal” would give priority access to recycled plastics, including recycled PET, to companies in the packaging industry. In September 2022, Unesda, the pan-European association representing Europe’s soft drink industry, proposed introducing the measure in the upcoming revision of the PPWR. At the time, the association said recycled PET was becoming ‘almost as rare and expensive as white truffles or gold’ in the EU, with demand purportedly significantly exceeding supply.

Beverage companies, particularly small to medium-sized enterprises, expressed concerns of not being able to meet the obligations arising from the EU Single-Use Plastics Directive, as many cannot the very high prices of recycled material. They argued that right of first refusal would give every producer, from large to small, the option to buy the recycled material issued from the recyclable packaging it put on the EU market – after adjustment for collection and recycling rates.  Plastic Pollution

This would arguably put all beverage producers, including SMEs, in a position to meet their mandatory recycled content targets, considerably reduce the downcycling of PET bottles by promoting bottle-to-bottle recycling, and incentivise all sectors, including those outside the beverage industry, to invest in the recyclability and collection of their products.

However, recycling organisations argued in an Oct. 23 statement that the risk of PET bottle downcycling is a ‘myth’ that ‘could ruin European efforts toward packaging circularity’. PRE, EuRIC, and FEAD warned that the provision, if implemented, would be detrimental to the development of recycling capacity in Europe, promoting monopolistic control of recycled polymers, and going against free-market principles.


Plastics Recyclers Europe warns against priority access to recycled PET

One Eq­uity Part­ners Agrees to Sell Walki to Japan’s Oji Group

Firm Supported Walki’s Sustainability Initiatives Over Five Years of Ownership

One Equity Partners (“OEP”) today announced that it has entered into a definitive agreement to sell Walki Holding Oy (“Walki” or the “Company”), a pan-European supplier of sustainable and high-performing packaging and engineered materials solutions, to Oji Holdings Corporation (“Oji Group”), a Japanese paper products technology company.

Founded in 1930 and headquartered in Espoo, Finland, Walki is a specialty packaging materials manufacturer, offering consumer and industrial packaging for food and specialty consumer products, as well as engineered materials, such as insulation and fire-retardant facings, sustainable membranes, and protective clothing applications.

The Company has 17 production facilities worldwide and employs more than 1,700 people. OEP’s acquisition of Walki closed in July 2018.  Plastic Pollution

“We are humbled by Walki’s performance under our ownership and were pleased to help the business execute on a transformative business expansion strategy with sustainability at its core,” said Marc Lindhorst, Managing Director, One Equity Partners. “We collaborated with management to drive transformative growth opportunities in the packaging and engineered materials end markets while supporting the development of manufacturing methods with reduced adverse environmental effects.”

During OEP’s ownership, Walki saw revenue growth of 125% and made significant investments in long-term environmental sustainability. Investments included the development of alternative materials and production methods to give customers the flexibility to choose the most appropriate packaging solution to mitigate environmental impact.  Plastic Pollution

Walki completed seven acquisitions over OEP’s hold period, including that of Plasbel Plásticos in 2021, to leverage its expertise in producing recycled and compostable packaging and support significant expansion of the Valkeakoski facility in Finland.

“One Equity Partners was a first-rate partner to our business over the last five years,” said Leif Frilund, President and CEO of Walki. “OEP’s expertise in specialty manufacturing businesses like ours helped us to execute our sustainability strategy while continuing to grow the business.

With their support, we have proven that consistent corporate growth and business development do not have to be mutually exclusive.”  Plastic Pollution

One Eq­uity Part­ners Agrees to Sell Walki to Japan’s Oji Group

Danimer Scientific, BIOLO and Bolthouse Farms Announce Commercialization of Home Compostable Packaging for Fresh Produce with Meijer Stores

Danimer Scientific, Inc. (“Danimer” or the “Company”), a leading next-generation bioplastics company focused on the development and production of biodegradable materials, today announced the commercialization of home compostable retail packaging for vegetables and fruit, which Danimer developed in partnership with biodegradable packaging and food service product manufacturer BIOLO and carrot producer Bolthouse Farms.  Plastic Pollution

Danimer’s signature PHA, Nodax®, was used to create the bags for one-pound Earthbound Farm Organic Mini Peeled Carrots, now available in Meijer’s regional network of 240 grocery stores and supercenters in six states across the Midwest.

Stephen Croskrey, CEO of Danimer Scientific, said, “As demand continues to rise for environmentally superior alternatives to petroleum plastics, we’re excited that Meijer will offer home compostable packaging solutions that make possible the safe, efficient, low-cost and stable delivery of fresh foods, providing consumers with a more responsible way to enjoy the products they love. We’re grateful for the partnership of BIOLO, Bolthouse Farms and Meijer in bringing this product to market, which we believe will lead to other foods shifting to PHA-based packaging.”  Plastic Pollution

Danimer’s Nodax® is a biobased polyester made with oils derived from the seeds of plants such as canola. Unlike traditional plastic, which can take centuries to degrade, Danimer’s PHA-based products can degrade in a matter of months under certain conditions.

The Earthbound Farm Organic Mini Peeled Carrots bags are certified as home compostable by TUV, a globally recognized leader in independent product testing, inspection and certification. This certification means that the bags have passed rigorous testing that requires them to disintegrate at least 90% within 26 weeks and biodegrade within 52 weeks under home compost conditions.  Plastic Pollution


Danimer Scientific, BIOLO and Bolthouse Farms Announce Commercialization of Home Compostable Packaging for Fresh Produce with Meijer Stores

Unrecyclable plastics – The Complex Reality of Plastic Recycling: Beyond the Hype 24-10-2023

Plastic Pollution

Unrecyclable plastics – The Complex Reality of Plastic Recycling: Beyond the Hype 24-10-2023

Unrecyclable plastics

Beijing’s economy is in bad shape

Proof? Xi Jinping today visited the Central Bank of China.

It is the first time this has happened since he came to power 10 years ago – the aim is “to underline the government’s growing attention to supporting the economy”.

Translated: countermeasures are needed to avoid collapseChinese President Xi Jinping today made his first known visit to the Central Bank (PBOC) since coming to power 10 years ago, aiming to underline the government’s growing focus on supporting the economy and financial markets amid stagnant growth and turbulences of various types.
Bloomberg reports this, citing well-informed sources, according to which Xi, together with Vice Prime Minister He Lifeng and other government officials, went to the headquarters of the PBOC and the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (Safe) in the afternoon.

He, according to the same sources, also visited the nation’s sovereign wealth fund.

Unrecyclable plastics

Beijing's economy is in bad shape

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Mura Technology opens advanced recycling facility for ‘unrecyclable’ plastics

Mura Technology is opening its first commercial-scale HydroPRS advanced plastic recycling plant in Teesside, UK, processing ‘unrecyclable’ flexible and rigid mixed plastics into recycled hydrocarbon feedstocks for repeated plastic production.

Located at the Wilton International industrial site, the site reportedly has the capacity to produce 20ktpa of recycled liquid hydrocarbon products and expand its production capacity by over three times its initial size in the future. It is said to have created 150 jobs during its build and commissioning phases and now expects to offer up to 50 direct jobs and a further 100 surrounding related infrastructure to support operations.

The company anticipates that its offtake partners will receive their first delivery of recycled hydrocarbon products from the Teesside facility early next year. Unrecyclable plastics

HydroPRS is a process designed to complement mechanical recycling and produce recycled plastic feedstock to manufacture new plastics, in turn facilitating a circular economy. It makes use of supercritical water, or water under high pressure and temperature, and converts films, pots, tubs, trays, and other post-consumer, multi-layered plastics into stable hydrocarbon feedstocks.

Independent Life Cycle Assessments have been carried out at Teesside and suggest that the process saves 80% of carbon emissions by diverting these ‘unrecyclable’ plastics away from incineration. Apparently, materials can undergo unlimited cycles of the HydroPRS recycling process, which would cut down on single-use plastics and drive circularity within the plastics industry.  Unrecyclable plastics

For every tonne of plastic waste produced, HydroPRS is also said to save up to five barrels of oil and create products with an equivalent or lower Global Warming Potential.

Local mayor Ben Houchen will deliver a speech at the opening of the facility. Also set to attend are Marco ten Bruggencate, commercial VP for EMEA at Dow and President of Plastics Europe; Benny Mermans, vice president of Sustainability at Chevron Phillips Chemical (CPChem); Jinsuk Kim, managing director of LG Chem Europe; Doug Kelly, vice president of Technology at KBR, Mura’s License and Engineering Partner; and Dr Paul Davidson, Director of UK Research & Industry’s Smart Sustainable Plastic Packaging Challenge delivered by Innovate UK.  Unrecyclable plastics

Dr Steve Mahon, CEO of Mura Technology, said: “The opening of our first-of-its-kind, next generation recycling facility is a groundbreaking achievement and the culmination of four years of dedication.

“Our HydroPRS process is unlocking a new market for plastic waste, creating value and keeping both plastic and carbon in circularity. The technology works alongside existing mechanical recycling to ensure no plastic types are considered ‘unrecyclable’ and require incineration or landfilling.

“With support from our partners, the Teesside site will be the first in Mura’s global roll-out, helping in the fight against the plastic pollution and global warming crises and acting as a launchpad for the 1,000,000 tonnes of annual recycling capacity that Mura plans to have in operation and development in this decade.”  Unrecyclable plastics

Partnerships with blue-chip companies like KBR, CPChem, LG Chem, and igus GmbH are helping Mura pursue global scaling for the HydroPRS process. Its collaboration with Dow has resulted in plans to construct a HydroPRS advanced recycling facility in Böhlen, Germany, scheduled to begin operations in 2025.

In similar news, Swedish Plastic Recycling’s Site Zero plant site, which aims to recycle all kinds of plastic packaging without emitting CO2, has scheduled its own grand opening on 15th November 2023. The company expects its opening to commence a ‘new era’ for the recycling of plastics.  Unrecyclable plastics


Unrecyclable plastics

Joint Swiss-German survey finds inflation expected to drop worldwide


  • Though inflation expectations worldwide remain above central banks’ target, a further fall in the expected inflation rate for the rest of this year compared with previous quarters is evident, a Swiss-German survey found.
  • The overall average expected inflation rate this year is 6.2 per cent.
  • High inflation rates worldwide are expected in the coming years.

Though inflation expectations worldwide remain well above central banks’ target, a further decline in the expected inflation rate for the rest of this year compared with previous quarters is evident, according to the Economic Experts Survey (EES) of the Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich (ifo Institute) and the Institute for Swiss Economic Policy.  Unrecyclable plastics

The overall average expected inflation rate this year is 6.2 per cent. This is the median of average expected inflation rates at the country level, ifo Institute said on its website.

Though inflation expectations worldwide remain above central banks’ target, a further fall in the expected inflation rate for the rest of this year compared with previous quarters is evident, a Swiss-German survey found. The overall average expected inflation rate this year is 6.2 per cent. High inflation rates worldwide are expected in the coming years.

The median is used because expected inflation rates vary widely by region, with some dramatically higher in individual countries and regions such as Africa than in the rest of the world.  Unrecyclable plastics

The average rate of 6.2 per cent expected in the current quarter is significantly lower than the expected rate of 7 per cent in the second quarter this year.

Short-term inflation expectations are therefore falling, but remain at a high level worldwide. Experts also expect high inflation rates worldwide in the coming years.

In the long term up to 2026, inflation expectations will also remain high at 4.5 per cent. However, long-term inflation expectations have decreased compared with the results of the previous quarter (4.9 per cent).

Inflation expectations vary widely among the world’s regions. For 2023, experts expect the lowest inflation rates in North America (4.1 per cent).  Unrecyclable plastics


Unrecyclable plastics

Mexico’s Alpek suspends construction at the PTA and PET plant in Texas due to inflationary cost pressure

Mexico-based Alpek, one of the largest petrochemical companies in the Americas, has decided to temporarily suspend construction at its Corpus Christi Polymers (CCP) project in Texas due to rising costs. The decision comes shortly after the announcement of the closure of a filament plant in Mexico due to profitability challenges. Alpex has already obtained consent from its partners for this project for the temporary suspension of construction at the CCP project.  Unrecyclable plastics

The CCP project offers the most efficient and innovative production of polymers such as purified terephthalic acid (PTA), and polyethylene terephthalate (PET). PTA accounts for the majority of the total annual capacity of the project, followed by PET. The project uses innovative processes and products for technical advantages compared to the competing packaging materials in its versatility. The CCP was originally scheduled to commence commercial production in 2025.

Reports said that the construction and labour costs have surpassed the initial expectations due to a sustained period of high inflation. Hence, CCP and its partners decided to pause the project temporarily. The promoter, partners, and financiers are expected to meet in the near future to decide the re-commencement of the construction work and commercial production. Sources said that the project will be adequately preserved to restart construction in the near future.  Unrecyclable plastics

Unrecyclable plastics

The Complex Reality of Plastic Recycling: Beyond the Hype

Plastic recycling has become a buzzword in the global efforts to combat climate change and environmental degradation. Recycling plastics is seen as a sustainable solution that can reduce our dependence on fossil fuels and minimize the environmental footprint of plastic production. However, the reality of plastic recycling is far more complex than it may seem. In this article, we will delve into the multifaceted aspects of plastic recycling, including the challenges faced by small businesses, the complexities of recycled raw materials, and the need for a more nuanced understanding of environmental benefits.
The Cost Challenge
One of the most significant issues in the plastic recycling industry is the cost of recycled raw materials. In many cases, recycled plastics are more expensive than their counterparts derived from fossil fuels. This cost disparity poses a challenge for businesses looking to adopt sustainable practices. Consequently, some brands incorporate negligible quantities of recycled materials to maintain an image of sustainability while keeping their costs low.  Unrecyclable plastics
It’s important to understand that the cost of recycling involves various factors, including collection, sorting, cleaning, and reprocessing. These additional steps in the recycling process contribute to the higher costs. Small businesses, in particular, often struggle to absorb these extra expenses, leading to a situation where only large corporations with substantial resources can invest in sustainable practices.
Exceptions in the Automobile and Other Sectors
While the use of recycled plastics is cost-prohibitive for many industries, some exceptions exist. The automobile industry, for instance, has made significant strides in incorporating recycled materials into their products. This is largely attributed to the innovative practices of large automotive manufacturers. However, these exceptions are not widespread and are primarily driven by the significant financial resources available to large corporations.
For small businesses that produce high-quality products, the financial barriers can be insurmountable. Many of them find themselves caught between wanting to make sustainable choices and struggling to compete with larger competitors who can absorb the additional costs of using recycled materials.  Unrecyclable plastics
The Market for Low-Performance Recycled Raw Materials
There is indeed a market for recycled raw materials with lower performance attributes, but profitability is often elusive. These materials may find applications in less demanding industries or in products where performance is not a critical factor. However, the market for this materials have a fierce competition .
To make recycled raw materials more attractive, it is essential to develop innovative ways to enhance their performance and durability. Only then can they compete more effectively with their virgin material counterparts and gain a broader foothold in various industries.
The Nuances of Environmental Benefits
When discussing the environmental benefits of using recycled materials, it’s important to consider the full picture. While it is true that recycling plastics can significantly reduce carbon emissions, these reductions can sometimes be exaggerated. This is often due to the omission of certain secondary factors or the failure to account for differences in recycled and virgin materials.  Unrecyclable plastics
For instance, the carbon emissions associated with the transportation of recycled materials, additional energy requirements in the recycling process, and the carbon footprint of collecting and transporting plastic waste are factors that can affect the overall environmental impact. While recycling remains an environmentally beneficial practice, a more nuanced and comprehensive assessment is needed to provide an accurate representation of its advantages.
Plastic recycling is a crucial component of our collective efforts to mitigate the environmental impact of plastic production. However, it is essential to acknowledge the multifaceted challenges that exist within the industry. The cost disparity between recycled and virgin materials, the exceptions in industries like automotive and the nuanced assessment of environmental benefits all underscore the complexity of plastic recycling.
Small businesses that aim to embrace sustainability may find themselves at a disadvantage, given the financial barriers associated with adopting recycled materials. This highlights the need for more accessible and cost-effective recycling solutions for all businesses.  Unrecyclable plastics
Furthermore, a transparent and comprehensive evaluation of the environmental benefits of recycling is vital to ensure that the advantages are accurately represented. By addressing these challenges and promoting innovation in the recycling industry, we can move closer to a more sustainable and eco.
The Complex Reality of Plastic Recycling: Beyond the Hype

InnoVent Renewables Launches a Solution to Global Waste Tire Challenge

Exclusive technology converts tires into valuable fuels & chemicals

InnoVent Renewables announces its formation with a corporate mission to drive renewable energy forward by mitigating the global environmental challenge of waste tires. InnoVent Renewables launched as a U.S.-based technology and operations company with a proprietary continuous pyrolysis technology that converts waste tires, plastics, and biomass into valuable fuels and chemicals.  Unrecyclable plastics

Each year more than 1 billion tires are disposed of globally, and North America alone disposes of 100+ million tires annually.  Decomposition of tires is slower than other waste resulting in a serious health hazard (mosquitos, pests, water borne diseases, and chemical leaching into soil); and burning tires in pits or cement kilns is far more hazardous as it emits toxic emissions in the air. The exclusive pyrolysis technology is unique in that it’s continuous, which is a much higher efficiency compared to batch processing. It utilizes the gas to preheat the tires, thereby making it a Net Zero energy process. During the process valuable chemicals are recovered from the products, producing high quality fuels.

“We are thrilled to formally launch InnoVent Renewables and plan to ramp-up operations into early 2024,” noted InnoVent Renewables CEO Vibhu Sharma. “Our investors, strategic advisors, and management team are all fully committed to our success as we address the global challenge of waste tires.  Unrecyclable plastics

We firmly believe our proven process, deployed at scale globally, will have a huge positive impact on our climate and fill a clear environment need.”

With a solution to this environmental challenge, InnoVent has assembled a team of world class executives each with more than 25 years of energy and chemical industry experience to drive early-stage growth. With current operations in Houston (USA), Pune (India), and Monterrey (Mexico), the company has aggressive growth plans across North America and Latin America, with future expansion opportunities in Europe, the Middle East, and Asia-PacificUnrecyclable plastics


InnoVent Renewables Launches a Solution to Global Waste Tire Challenge

Flexible packaging materials get cheaper, but still above 2020 levels

A new report from Flexible Packaging Europe reveals that the prices of flexible packaging materials have fallen more in the third quarter of 2023, but they are still higher than before the crisis.

The report, based on a survey by the European association, shows that the prices have been dropping since the start of the year, after reaching a record high last year.

However, they have not yet returned to the levels of the fourth quarter of 2020, which is the baseline for comparison.  Unrecyclable plastics

The report says that most prices went down by 10% to 20% in the third quarter, compared to the second quarter.

For example, HDPE and LDPE prices went down by 10% and 14%, and ended the quarter with a price index of 125 and 131, respectively.

The index was 100 in the fourth quarter of 2020.

Some prices decreased less than others.

The price of sixty gram single-coated glossy paper went down by 7% and reached 140, while the price of 15 micron BOPA film went down by 8% and reached 124.

The price of 20 micron BOPP film went down by 11% and reached 113, which is close to the original price.   Unrecyclable plastics

The price of 12 micron PET film only went down by 4% and reached 136. David Buckby, a senior analyst at Wood Mackenzie, thinks that the prices are falling because of low orders, low demand from some European customers, and low stocks.

He also says that some markets have too much production capacity, which was increased a lot in the past years. Buckby says that some prices may keep falling in the fourth quarter, but some products may become more stable.

Guido Aufdenkamp (in the photo), the executive director of FPE, says that the future is unclear: “Many customers do not want to buy packaged foods and there are too many stocks in the supply chain.  Unrecyclable plastics

This makes the demand for flexible packaging low in the short term”. He also says that inflation is going down, but not as fast as some people expected.

He reminds that even though these big drops in prices are good for reducing inflation, the prices of flexible materials are still much higher than before Covid and they change a lot. He says that this makes their customers and suppliers very careful, but they hope that demand will increase in 2024.

Flexible packaging materials get cheaper, but still above 2020 levels

What happens to waste tire after pyrolysis?

Pyrolysis is a thermochemical process that involves the decomposition of organic materials, such as waste tire, in the absence of oxygen and at high temperatures. During this process, the tire waste is heated in a controlled environment, leading to the breakdown of its chemical structure.
Stages of Pyrolysis:
Pyrolysis of waste tire can be divided into three main stages:
1. Preheating:
The waste tire is initially heated gradually to a specific temperature range, typically between 300 to 400 degrees Celsius.

This preheating stage helps to evaporate any moisture present in the waste tire and prepare it for further decomposition.  Unrecyclable plastics
2. Pyrolysis or Decomposition:
Once the waste tire reaches the desired temperature, pyrolysis occurs. At this stage, the long chains of polymers in the waste tire break down into smaller molecules, including oil-gases and solids.
3. Condensation and Collection:
After the pyrolysis process, the oil-gas products are usually cooled rapidly by the cooling system(DOING waste tire pyrolysis system has a multi cooling system with high oil yield), causing them to condense into liquid oil and gas. The solid can be discharged from the pyrolysis reactor. These products are then collected and subjected to sell or further process.
– Gaseous Products: Various hydrocarbon and volatile gases, such as methane, ethane, propane, and butane, are released as byproducts of pyrolysis. These gases can be used as sources of energy or further processed for pyrolysis reactor heating or other applications.
– Liquid Products: The decomposition of waste tire results in the formation of a liquid product known as pyrolysis oil or pyrolysis liquid. This oil is rich in hydrocarbons and can be used for industrial plants heating. Or it can be refined by the pyrolysis oil distillation machines to diesel and for agricultural machinery.


What happens to waste tire after pyrolysis?

Packaging films – Oil drops after Hamas releases US hostages : will it continue to go down? 23-10-2023

Unrecyclable plastics

Petrochemicals r-PET Resin – Has the electric car won the war against the hydrogen car? 16-09-2023

Petrochemicals r-PET Resin

Petrochemicals r-PET Resin

  • Polymers : PET – r-PET – Filament grade semidull chips -Filament grade bright chips – Ny6 – Ny66 – PP
  • Feedstocks  PX – PTA – MEG – CPL – Adipic Acid – Benzene – ACN – Ethylene – Phenol – Naphtha
  • Textile : Polyester POY – DTY – FDY – PSF – Recycled Polyester POY – Nylon POY – DTY – FDY Spandex 20-30-40 -Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  Acrylic Staple Fiber 

Petrochemicals r-PET Resin

Petrochemicals r-PET Resin

ITEM 09/10/2023 16/10/2023 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 7,025 yuan/ton 7,000 yuan/ton -25
Bottle grade PET chips export market 890 $/ton 885 $/ton -5
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 6,980 yuan/ton 6,860 yuan/ton -120
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 7,010 yuan/ton 6,900 yuan/ton -110
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market 6,005 yuan/ton 5,860 yuan/ton -145
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 760 $/ton 730 $/ton -30
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 4,025 yuan/ton 4,025 yuan/ton
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 467 $/ton 467 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market

Petrochemicals r-PET Resin

1,050 $/ton 1,033 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 1,027 $/ton 1,010 $/ton -17
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,250 $/ton 1,185 $/ton -65
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 7,900  yuan/ton 7,675 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,550 yuan/ton 7,550 yuan/ton
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 9,150 yuan/ton 9,000 yuan/ton -150
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F

Petrochemicals r-PET Resin

9,100 yuan/ton 8,950 yuan/ton -150
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 8,500 yuan/ton 8,300 yuan/ton -200
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,620 yuan/ton 7,550 yuan/ton -70
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 12,500 yuan/ton 12,600 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,600 $/ton 1,600 $/ton
Nylon 6 chips overseas  market 1,900 $/ton 1,900 $/ton
Nylon 6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 13,500 yuan/ton 13,500 yuan/ton -550
Nylon 6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market

Petrochemicals r-PET Resin

14,400 yuan/ton 14,050 yuan/ton -350
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market 19,400 yuan/ton 19,100 yuan/ton -300
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 16,500 yuan/ton 16,150 yuan/ton -350
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 18,700 yuan/ton 18,500 yuan/ton- -200
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  17,500 yuan/ton 17,250 yuan/ton -250
Spandex 20D  domestic  market

Petrochemicals r-PET Resin

36,500 yuan/ton 36,500 yuan/ton
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 35,000 yuan/ton 35,000 yuan/ton
Spandex 40D  domestic  market  32,200 yuan/ton 32,200 yuan/ton
Adipic Acid domestic market 9,800 yuan/ton 9,500 yuan/ton -300
Benzene domestic market

Petrochemicals r-PET Resin

7,940 yuan/ton 7,930 yuan/ton -10
Benzene overseas  market 908 $/ton 920 $/ton +12
Ethylene South East market 900 $/ton 920 $/ton +20
Ethylene NWE market 772 $/ton 729 $/ton -43
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market

Petrochemicals r-PET Resin

10,000 yuan/ton 9,700 yuan/ton -100
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market 1,200 $/ton 1,200 $/ton
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 14,600 yuan/ton 14,600 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 13,400 yuan/ton 13,450 yuan/ton +50
PP Powder domestic market

Petrochemicals r-PET Resin

7,450 yuan/ton 7,400 yuan/ton -50
Naphtha overseas market  648 $/ton 657 $/ton +9
Phenol domestic market 9,112 yuan/ton 8,575 yuan/ton -537

r-PET high end eco-friendly chips =7,800 yuan/ton 7,800 yuan/ton   –


Petrochemicals r-PET Resin

Has the electric car won the war against the hydrogen car?

The debate between electric and hydrogen cars has been ongoing for years. While both technologies have their advantages and disadvantages, it seems that electric cars have emerged as the clear winner.

According to a study published in the peer-reviewed journal Nature, hydrogen fuel cell vehicles are not likely to catch up to battery-electric vehicles, even for commercial trucks 1The study confirms what common sense has made clear for years: hydrogen fuel cell vehicles are not as efficient as battery-electric vehicles 2The organization forecasts that battery-electric vehicles will improve to 81% overall efficiency by 2050, whereas hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles will improve to 42% 2. Petrochemicals r-PET Resin

Another advantage of electric cars is that they can depend on an existing power generation and distribution system – the electrical grid. An electric vehicle can be recharged wherever there is access to a plug socket 3On the other hand, hydrogen cars require a separate infrastructure for producing and transporting hydrogen 4.

Despite the fact that hydrogen fuel cell cars emerged as an alternative to both the electric and combustion engine vehicle in the early 2000s, they have now all but disappeared 3Toyota and Hyundai, the only vehicle manufacturers to produce hydrogen cars for the UK market, sold just 12 hydrogen cars in the country in 2021 3. Meanwhile, electric vehicles have surged in popularity. In 2010, 138 electric vehicles were sold in the UK. This grew to roughly 190,000 annual sales in 2021 3.

In conclusion, it seems that electric cars have won the war against hydrogen cars. While both technologies have their advantages and disadvantages, electric cars are more efficient and practical than hydrogen cars. They can depend on an existing power generation and distribution system – the electrical grid – and do not require a separate infrastructure for producing and transporting fuel. Therefore, it is safe to say that electric cars are here to stay. Petrochemicals r-PET Resin

Has the electric car won the war against the hydrogen car?

Bionaphtha Petrochemicals – Europe R-PE and R-PP demand remains weak, but prices may have bottomed out 28-09-2023

Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Shinkong Achieves Milestone with US FDA Approval for R-PET

In a significant development, Thai Shinkong Industry Corporation (TSIC) has recently received the coveted approval from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the utilization of its recycled materials in food-contact packaging, a remarkable achievement for the company. This approval marks a pivotal moment for TSIC as it opens up doors to the lucrative US market, which currently stands as a major consumer of R-PET (Recycled Polyethylene Terephthalate) pellets originating from Shinkong’s cutting-edge facility based in Taiwan.

TSIC, a strategic joint venture formed between the renowned Mitsubishi Corporation and Shinkong Synthetic Fibers Corporation of Taiwan, inaugurated its state-of-the-art R-PET facility in the thriving region of Rayong, Thailand, at the outset of September.

This state-of-the-art facility represents a significant step forward in TSIC’s mission to contribute to sustainability through recycling, aligning with global environmental objectives. Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

The journey to securing the US FDA’s approval has been pivotal for TSIC, given the rigorous standards and regulations governing food-contact materials in the United States. This achievement underscores the company’s commitment to delivering safe and eco-friendly solutions for the packaging industry.

As TSIC celebrates this milestone, its focus is now on establishing partnerships and securing approvals from major brands, enabling the company to supply high-quality bottle-grade R-PET pellets to markets both locally and abroad. The FDA approval serves as a powerful testament to the quality and safety of TSIC’s R-PET materials, positioning them as a trusted choice for companies seeking sustainable packaging solutions.

It’s worth noting that TSIC’s journey towards sustainable practices began earlier in September when the company commenced operations at its newly established R-PET facility in Rayong, Thailand. This facility, a collaboration between Mitsubishi Corporation and Shinkong Synthetic Fibers Corp, represents a significant investment in chemically recycled R-PET pellets production in Southeast Asia. Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

With sustainability at the core of its operations, TSIC’s R-PET facility in Rayong exemplifies the company’s commitment to reducing plastic waste and its environmental footprint. By utilizing cutting-edge recycling technologies, TSIC transforms post-consumer plastics into high-quality R-PET pellets, thus contributing to the circular economy and reducing the reliance on virgin plastic materials.

In conclusion, the US FDA’s approval for TSIC’s R-PET materials represents a major breakthrough for the company and marks a significant stride towards achieving global recognition for its commitment to sustainability. TSIC’s journey to becoming a trusted supplier of R-PET pellets for food-contact packaging highlights the company’s dedication to delivering innovative and eco-friendly solutions to the packaging industry while promoting a greener, more sustainable future. This achievement underscores the power of collaboration and innovation in addressing the pressing environmental challenges of our time. Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

“Empowering Sustainability: Bionaphtha’s Role in Shaping a Greener Future

Bionaphtha, an invaluable byproduct of biodiesel and sustainable aviation fuel production, is poised for significant growth in both European and Asian markets. This surge is being fueled by the increasing demand for bioplastics and the imposition of fuel blending mandates.

Much like biofuels, bionaphtha is sourced from renewable feedstocks rather than conventional crude oil. As the petrochemical industry strives to achieve long-term net-zero emissions targets, bio-derived polymers, featuring bionaphtha as a key feedstock, offer a promising pathway toward decarbonization across the entire value chain.

It’s important to note that bionaphtha isn’t manufactured as a standalone product at dedicated facilities, nor are there plans to construct such facilities. Instead, bionaphtha is a byproduct of second-generation hydrotreated vegetable oil biofuel plants.

These advanced technologies employ hydrogen to refine waste oil sources like used cooking oil or animal fats, primarily yielding biodiesel or sustainable aviation fuel as their main products. Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

The global biorefinery capacity has experienced robust expansion in recent years and is projected to grow from approximately 19 million metric tons per year in 2023 to over 50 million metric tons per year by 2030. This output includes renewable diesel, jet fuels, bionaphtha, and bioLPG, based on confirmed projects, as reported by the Biofuels Research and Analytics team at S&P Global Commodity Insights.

Notably, bionaphtha currently finds applications in two major sectors: fuel blending and bioplastics production, with a particularly strong presence in European markets. While fuel blending commands a significant market share in Europe, industry experts anticipate that bioplastics demand will ultimately take the lead.

Bionaphtha can serve as a drop-in feedstock in naphtha crackers, facilitating the production of olefins and aromatics used in bioplastics manufacturing.

These bioplastics are often labeled as bio-attributed polymers, setting them apart from other bio-based polymers that rely on plant fibers, corn starch, or sugar as their feedstocks. Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

A pivotal concept in sustainable supply chains is the “Chain of Custody,” which tracks and validates the origin, handling, and processes involved in producing sustainable products. The “mass balance” approach plays a key role in this concept, where renewable materials are blended with fossil materials within existing infrastructure to create chemicals with partial renewable content.

This strategy eliminates the need for extensive new infrastructure and reduces logistical complexities. Renewable content is meticulously tracked through bookkeeping and subject to third-party audits, such as those conducted by the International Sustainability and Carbon Certification, ensuring traceability throughout the supply chain.

In recent years, the global chemical industry has invested in both bioplastics and chemically recycled polymers through pyrolysis naphtha routes. These pathways offer solutions to complement mechanical recycling by converting hard-to-recycle plastic waste back into virgin-like feedstocks via pyrolysis. While the two approaches share similarities, they have distinct objectives. Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

Chemical recycling aims to close the loop in plastic production and recycling, while bioplastics primarily focus on reducing CO2 emissions.

Bioplastics often command a premium over conventional plastics in European markets, appealing to consumer-oriented applications driven by sustainability concerns. For instance, the European toy sector prefers bioplastics over recycled plastics due to legislative safety considerations for young children. In Asia, interest from brand owners, especially in South Korea and Japan, such as cosmetic brands, has contributed to growing demand in this sector. Recycled polypropylene

Despite potential challenges, the bionaphtha market has experienced growth, thanks to a combination of demand and supply factors. Although some petrochemical producers may face negative margins in 2023, major players continue to invest in the bio-chemicals sector. Moreover, advocacy efforts are underway to improve carbon accounting in the petrochemical industry and enhance recognition of the sustainability contributions made by bio-based plastics.

In conclusion, bionaphtha represents a vital component in the journey toward a more sustainable future, offering a versatile and environmentally friendly resource that aligns with the evolving needs of the global market.” Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

Introducing Herma’s Innovative Wash-Off Label Adhesive

Herma has unveiled its latest breakthrough in label adhesive technology, known as 72Gpw. This cutting-edge adhesive boasts nearly double the initial adhesion strength compared to traditional wash-off adhesives, while maintaining exceptional final adhesion and outstanding washability. The company showcased this remarkable innovation at the LabelExpo event.

The Cyclos-HTP Institute has granted certification to the adhesive 72Gpw for compatibility with a wide range of film and paper label materials. Hendrik Kehl, Herma’s product manager, highlights the significance of this achievement, stating, “Label users now have a compelling reason to switch to a wash-off solution without compromising on adhesion or washability, especially in demanding scenarios like high-speed labeling systems or when dealing with humid or cool environments.” Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

This groundbreaking label adhesive not only ensures secure labeling but also contributes to recycling efforts by facilitating residue-free separation of PET material from label material, including adhesives and printing inks. This results in a cleaner granulate production process.

Anticipating Stricter Recycling Guidelines

In line with the objectives of the European Packaging Directive, which were outlined in late 2022, there is a growing emphasis on closing material loops and enhancing the recyclability of packaging. This is expected to lead to more stringent packaging design standards. While wash-off label solutions have existed for some time, including Herma’s offerings, their adoption in the market has been relatively slow.

The industry association Finat has also provided insight into this trend, stating in July 2023, “Despite the availability of these options in the market, the majority of labels currently in use are manufactured with permanent adhesives rather than specially developed wash-off adhesives.” Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

To learn more about Herma’s innovative label adhesive solutions, visit their website.

Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

Europe R-PE and R-PP demand remains weak, but prices may have bottomed out

Demand across Europe in recycled polyolefins is expected to remain low for the remainder of 2023 as bearish macroeconomics continue to drag on the sector.

While some players in the recycled polypropylene (R-PP) and recycled high density polyethylene (R-HDPE) sectors have seen a rebound in demand in September, linked primarily to some limited restocking following summer convertor outages, this is from a low base. Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

Underlying buying interest remains below that seen in September 2022, and there remain pellet producers in the R-PP sector that continue to operate at 50% of nameplate capacity – as they have done through the majority of 2023 due to narrow margins.

Although some costs, such as electricity, have fallen in 2023, they remain at elevated levels compared with historic norms, while flake and pellet prices have broadly fallen throughout 2023.

Coupled with this, most players’ inventory levels remain high throughout the chain, meaning any restocking effect is more limited than in previous years.

This is particularly true in Germany. For recycled low density polyethylene (R-LDPE) pellets, there have so far been no signs of a pick-up in demand in September compared with August. Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

August is typically a low month for demand because many convertors shut operations for several weeks in July and August to do routine maintenance – a process that began earlier and lasted longer in 2023 due to narrow margins.

September typically sees a rebound in consumption as convertors restock following their outages.

Europe flexible post-commercial R-LDPE bale spot prices are meanwhile facing upward pressure in September, while flexible R-LDPE pellet spot prices are at parity with August monthly levels. Bionaphtha Petrochemicalsene

Rising flexible bale spot values were attributed to increasing export demand – particularly to Asia. Feedstock bale availability for natural transparent pellets is tight in northeast and Southeast Asia.

A decline in manufacturing activities across multiple sectors in Southeast and Northeast Asia – resulting from high inflation – has limited input waste entering the chain and tightened supply.

September monthly negotiations across recycled polyethylene (R-PE) and R-PP markets are ongoing. Monthly negotiations in both chains typically settle at the end of the month.


Europe R-PE and R-PP demand remains weak, but prices may have bottomed out

Oil headed for $150 without U.S. support for more drilling, shale executives say

Oil is headed as high as $150 a barrel unless the U.S. government does more to encourage exploration, according to Continental Resources Inc., the shale driller controlled by billionaire Harold Hamm. Recycled polypropylene

Crude output in the Permian basin will one day peak as it already has in rival shale fields such as the Bakken region of North Dakota and the Eagle Ford in Texas, Continental Chief Executive Officer Doug Lawler said during an interview with Bloomberg TV. Without new exploration, “you’re going to see $120 to $150” oil, he said.

“That’s going to send a shock through the system,” he said on the sidelines of Hamm’s first ever American Energy Security Summit in Oklahoma City. Without policies encouraging new drilling, “you’re going to see more pressure on price.” Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

Sprinkled among pro-oil presentations from Republican presidential candidate Nikki Haley and Goldman Sachs Group Inc.’s David Solomon, shale executives issued calls for the Biden administration to adopt consistent policies that will allow them to drill more. Failure to do so, they warned, will lead to tighter energy supplies and higher prices.

But the CEOs were quick to note that they have no intention of markedly boosting crude output in response to oil’s march toward the $100 mark for the first time in more than a year.

After touching an all-time high in July, oil production in U.S. shale fields is contracting and government analysts are forecasting a third straight monthly decline in October.

“I hear people say, ‘We’re back up to record levels of production,’” Chevron Corp. Chief Executive Officer Mike Wirth told summit attendees. “With better policy we would be beyond that.”  Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

Haley said she would seek to boost domestic energy production by expanding drilling, speeding up permitting and building interstate pipelines. She also vowed to roll back some energy subsidies and regulations and revive the Keystone XL project.

“Nikki Haley was a great example of someone who cares about us, who appreciates what we do,” said Occidental Petroleum Corp. CEO Vicki Hollub. “Our politicians can’t lose sight of the fact that unless we’re energy independent, we do not control our own destiny.”

Even if oil breaches the $100 mark, Continental has no plans for a burst of output, Lawler said. Benchmark U.S. crude futures have risen 12% this year to more than $90.


Oil headed for $150 without U.S. support for more drilling, shale executives say

Corbion launches AlgaPrime™ DHA P3, addressing the demand for sustainable active nutrition in the pet food industry

Corbion launches AlgaPrime™ DHA P3, addressing the demand for sustainable active nutrition in the pet food industry Recycled polypropylene

AlgaPrime™ DHA P3 offers pet food manufacturers higher levels of DHA while reducing dependency on scarce traditional omega-3 sources.

Corbion, the global market leader in algae-based feed ingredients, announced today the launch of its new AlgaPrime™ DHA P3, a high-performance omega-3 ingredient enabling pet food manufacturers to enhance the nutritional profile of their products and boost DHA levels reducing dependency on marine-based resources and positively impacting their carbon footprint.

Produced via microalgae precision fermentation, AlgaPrime™ DHA P3 helps meet increasing consumer demand for more sustainable pet food ingredients, as nearly 70% of pet owners worldwide express concern about nutrition, climate change and a desire to make a positive impact on the environment through their everyday actions.

The ingredient supports manufacturers in their efforts to overcome the most common challenges of omega-3 DHA inclusion, as it provides the highest level of DHA on the market in biomass powder form (35% DHA), enabling flexibility for nutritionists and developers in working with higher DHA inclusions for added nutritional value, while advancing the sustainability of pet diets. Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

In addition, it is stabilized with a natural antioxidant system. AlgaPrime™ DHA P3 is suitable for dry, wet, and injection-mold applications, allowing efficient access to, and use of, long-chain omega-3s.

“The launch of AlgaPrime™ DHA P3 furthers Corbion’s mission to preserve what matters by offering sustainable ingredients for healthier people, pets, and the planet,” said Tim Rutten, Vice President at Corbion Algae Ingredients.

“We believe this breakthrough ingredient will play an important role in meeting the growing need for better nutrition and more sustainable solutions, while delivering value across the pet industry.” Bionaphtha Petrochemicals


US recession likelihood spells trouble for emerging markets


  • The likelihood of a US recession within the next 12 months remains high, posing a significant risk to several emerging markets (EMs), particularly those in Latin America.
  • A strong US consumer base has supported Mexico, but demand is expected to soften due to high interest rates.
  • In Europe, Hungary and Poland are already seeing economic contractions.

The probability of a US recession within the next year remains elevated, which poses risks for several emerging markets (EMs), especially those in Latin America. US consumer strength has buoyed Mexico, but demand is likely to soften due to factors such as high interest rates. Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

A weakening eurozone is also causing concerns. Hungary and Poland, in particular, saw their real gross domestic product (GDP) decline, marked by a contraction in exports and deteriorating manufacturing production, according to an S&P Global article titled ‘Emerging Markets Q4 2023: The Lagged Effects Of Monetary Policy Will Test Resilience’ by Valerijs Rezvijs and Vishrut Rana.

In Asia, China’s slowed growth—forecast at 4.8 per cent for 2023 and 4.4 per cent for 2024—will likely impact several economies, although the impact may be mitigated due to the slowdown focusing on domestic activity. Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

Inflation in most EMs is slowing but is expected to fluctuate in the coming months. Core inflation rates remain high in about half of the EMs, and further rate cuts are expected to be gradual, given the uncertain trajectory of global inflation.

Structurally high interest rates without corresponding growth will constrain investment. As of H1 2023, fixed investment as a share of GDP in the median EM has dropped by 1 percentage point compared to pre-pandemic levels.


US recession likelihood spells trouble for emerging markets

Bottles recycled – 2035 – Brussels Tightens Control on E-Fuels, Jeopardizing Exemptions 27-09-2023

Bionaphtha Petrochemicals

Carbon dioxide upcycling – MIT has unveiled a groundbreaking development: supercapacitor concrete infused with carbon black 13-09-2023

Carbon dioxide upcycling

Stellantis’ E-fuel Initiative Preserves Internal Combustion Engines Until 2050

Stellantis has unveiled a game-changing strategy to ensure the longevity of endothermic vehicles until 2050, effectively sidestepping the European Union’s “Fit for 55” regulations. This remarkable effort by the automotive powerhouse, formed through the merger of FCA and PSA, hinges on the use of e-fuels.

In a significant development, Stellantis has charted a path to safeguard internal combustion engines. This global automotive conglomerate, boasting an impressive portfolio of brands including FIAT, Lancia, Alfa Romeo, Abarth, Jeep, Maserati, Dodge, Chrysler, Ram, Peugeot, Citroen, DS Automobiles, Opel, and Vauxhall, has devised a solution that ensures the continued operation of its vehicles until 2050, effectively bypassing the European Union’s “Fit for 55” plan slated for enforcement from 2035.

Stellantis has conducted extensive trials, revealing that e-fuels demonstrate compatibility with the group’s current Euro 6 vehicles. Carbon dioxide upcycling

These experiments, conducted in collaboration with Aramco, mark a significant stride toward achieving the ambitious goal of making e-fuels accessible at affordable prices to the mass market. Such a development would extend the lifespan of internal combustion engines on the roads for an additional 15 years beyond 2035.

It is worth noting that the “Fit for 55” provisions exclusively pertain to new vehicles. Consequently, combustion engine cars purchased between now and 2034 will retain the ability to operate even beyond the 2035 regulatory deadline. Carbon dioxide upcycling

Stellantis' E-fuel Initiative Preserves Internal Combustion Engines Until 2050

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Techtextil India 2023: Unveiling Cutting-Edge Innovations and Business Opportunities in the World of Technical Textiles

The grand inauguration of the 9th edition of Techtextil India has taken place at the prestigious Jio World Convention Centre (JWCC) in Mumbai. This momentous event has brought together over 160 prominent industry players, each showcasing more than 200 esteemed brands. Techtextil India 2023 is not just an exhibition; it’s a convergence of state-of-the-art products, groundbreaking technological solutions, a plethora of knowledge-sharing sessions, live product demonstrations, and extensive networking prospects. Carbon dioxide upcycling

India’s technical textiles sector is currently experiencing a rapid growth trajectory, driven by relentless research and development endeavors, bolstered by various government initiatives, and the expanding footprint of diverse industries. Inaugurating this illustrious event, Smt. Darshana Jardosh, Minister of State for Railways and Textiles, Government of India, underscored the nation’s imperative to attain self-reliance in research, development, and innovation, thereby diminishing reliance on high-performance fiber imports. She emphasized the pivotal role played by professional platforms like Techtextil India in nurturing industry growth by providing valuable insights into global and domestic trends, products, and innovations spanning the entire textile value chain.

The inauguration of Techtextil India 2023 witnessed the presence of distinguished figures, including Shri. Rajeev Saxena, Joint Secretary, Ministry of Textiles, and other key luminaries in the industry.  Carbon dioxide upcycling

The event enjoys substantial support from the Ministry of Textiles, Government of India, and various industry associations, highlighting the sector’s paramount significance in the country’s economy.

The exhibition floor boasts an extensive array of exhibitors presenting a wide spectrum of offerings, ranging from machinery, equipment, accessories, fibers, yarns, non-wovens, filtration solutions, masterbatches, functional textiles, composites, coated textiles, and much more. Esteemed Indian companies such as Arvind Limited, Park Non-woven, Sarex Chemicals, Welspun, Reliance, and Aditya Birla Yarns are participating alongside international stalwarts hailing from China, Taiwan, South Korea, Germany, Italy, and the USA.

Techtextil India 2023 provides a pivotal platform for global business networking and fostering connections. It has attracted the participation of renowned companies such as Indorama Hygiene Group, Autefa Solutions, Brückner Textile Technologies, Georg Sahm, Karl Mayer, and many others, reinforcing its stature on the global stage.

The event commenced on a highly positive note, with exhibitors from around the world showcasing their finest products. Mr. Raj Manek, Executive Director and Board Member of Messe Frankfurt Asia Holdings Ltd, expressed optimism about the event’s potential to empower the textile industry. Carbon dioxide upcycling

He underscored the invaluable support from the Ministry of Textiles in promoting initiatives and projects aimed at propelling the growth of the textile sector.

Techtextil India 2023 also features the Techtextil Symposium, delving into critical industry topics, and the 3rd edition of MEDITEX TM, focusing on advancements in medical textiles.

Backed by numerous associations and centers of excellence, Techtextil India continues to serve as a comprehensive platform for professionals to forge trade relationships, gain insights into market trends, and share their expertise. Its ultimate aim is to position India as a global leader in the technical textile market, catalyzing growth and fostering innovation within the industry. Carbon dioxide upcycling

Carbon dioxide upcycling

Sabic collaborates on bio-sourced in-mould labelling solution

Together with three partners, Sabic is producing mono-PP thin-wall containers with in-mould labelling in an integrated single-step injection moulding process.

A new initiative from Sabic in collaboration with three other partners has demonstrated that certified renewable polymers are also suitable for use in in-mould labelling food packaging applications.

The four companies, Saudi chemical manufacturing company Sabic, Dubai-based Taghleef Industries and the two Greek partners Karydakis IML and Kotronis Packaging, announced they successfully produced the first mono-polypropylene (PP) thin-wall containers with in-mould labelling made from a mass balanced, certified renewable resin. According to the partners, this was achieved without compromising on quality, safety, processability, or convenience. Carbon dioxide upcycling

Both the cups and the label film used for the containers have been made with mass balance certified bio-based feedstock from Sabic’s Trucircle portfolio. The label material for the IML containers is a biaxially oriented polyethylene (BOPP) film produced by film manufacturer Taghleef using a Sabic certified renewable resin tailored to the BOPP process. Taghleef ‘s transparent, white and metallised PP label films can be easily customised to fit the customer’s needs, and all can be produced using polymers with bio-based feedstock.

Sabic said the feedstock is derived from second-generation sources not competing with food or feed production. Besides using certified bio-based PP resins for both the moulded parts and the label film, the resulting packaging can be recycled in existing rigid PP recycling streams.

In-mould labelling technology, in which the label becomes an integral component of the packaging itself, eliminates the need for separately applied adhesive labels on the finished packaging product. Decoration of the product takes place inside the mould. The label is placed in the mould, after which plastic is injected over the label.

This forms a permanent, tamper proof bond between label and container right in the mould, said Augustinos Kotronis, General Manager at Kotronis Packaging. The end result is a decorated packaging part that is produced in a single step.

Demand for the technology is steadily increasing, with cost efficiency and sustainability playing a key factor. Carbon dioxide upcycling


Carbon dioxide upcycling

MIT has unveiled a groundbreaking development: supercapacitor concrete infused with carbon black

This remarkable advancement holds the promise of reshaping structures like buildings and roads into colossal electric energy reservoirs, offering a transformative solution to the storage of renewable energy. Dive into the world of this innovative technology and witness its profound impact on the realm of sustainable energy.

MIT has introduced a groundbreaking achievement in the form of supercapacitor concrete infused with carbon black. This monumental breakthrough has the potential to revolutionize the concept of buildings serving as colossal electric energy reservoirs, effectively tackling the critical issue of renewable energy storage.

At the heart of this pioneering discovery lies a surprisingly simple ingredient: carbon black.

Carbon black, derived from the incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons, boasts outstanding resistance and conductivity properties, making it a widely utilized material across various industries. Carbon dioxide upcycling

Its incorporation into the supercapacitor concrete development process highlights how a commonplace element can redefine our approach to energy storage.

The Future of Renewable Energy with Supercapacitor Concrete

Clean energy stands as the linchpin to a sustainable future, yet the conundrum of efficient storage persists. A collaborative research endeavor between MIT and the Wyss Institute is poised to tackle this challenge head-on, quite literally under our feet. By amalgamating cement and carbon black with water, these researchers have crafted concrete featuring intricate, thread-like structures that form a fractal network of highly conductive carbon. This network, when infused with a conductive salt solution, facilitates the adhesion of charged particles from the electrolyte, culminating in a concrete-based supercapacitor.

In their experiments, the researchers interconnected three cement-carbon supercapacitors, yielding the equivalent of a 3 V battery. However, their ambitions reach higher; they aspire to design 12 V supercapacitors, connecting them to unleash even greater charging power. It is estimated that a 3.5-meter concrete block could potentially store up to 10 kWh of electricity, paving the way for homes and buildings to become vast repositories of renewable energy. Carbon dioxide upcycling

Applications of Carbon Black Cement for Energy Production

This groundbreaking material, capable of simultaneously generating energy, has the potential to clad virtually every residence and edifice worldwide. The scope of this innovation, however, extends beyond these horizons. Researchers are exploring the concept of constructing concrete roads equipped with the ability to provide contactless charging for moving electric vehicles. This paradigm shift could accelerate the transition toward a more sustainable world in unprecedented ways.

Nevertheless, it is essential to temper our enthusiasm, as MIT’s work remains ongoing. Challenges, such as the need to maintain the cement’s moisture levels when in contact with the electrolyte solution, persist.

However, this discovery brings us significantly closer to a sustainable future, addressing a pivotal challenge in the realm of clean energy that goes beyond traditional photovoltaic systems: efficient and accessible energy storage.

The supercapacitor concrete innovation offers a vivid glimpse into a world where our streets and homes are integral components of a groundbreaking green energy infrastructure. Carbon dioxide upcycling

Flexible packaging bio-sourced

Coca-Cola Europacific Partners (CCEP) has unveiled its second collaboration dedicated to exploring carbon dioxide (CO₂) upcycling technology

This innovative investment aims to pioneer sustainable packaging materials and will be conducted in partnership with researchers at Swansea University in the United Kingdom.

The primary objective of this research project is to revolutionize the manufacturing of ethylene, a fundamental component of plastics, including HDPE used for crafting plastic bottle caps. The initiative seeks to develop technology that can harness CO₂ extracted from the atmosphere, offering an eco-friendly alternative to the conventional use of fossil fuels in ethylene production. This advancement promises a more sustainable approach to plastic packaging creation.

This project marks the latest venture financed through CCEP’s innovation investment arm, known as CCEP Ventures (CCEPV). It is part of a series of investments geared towards fostering innovation and sustainability, aligning with CCEP’s ambitious goal of achieving net zero emissions by 2040.Carbon dioxide upcycling

Over a span of three years, the project will initially concentrate on refining an efficient and productive process for converting CO₂ into ethylene. Subsequently, it will assess options for scaling up production.

As a component of its sustainability agenda, known as “This Is Forward,” CCEP remains steadfast in its commitment to minimizing the environmental impact of its packaging and hastening the transition towards a circular economy for plastics. This investment builds on prior collaborations aimed at advancing cutting-edge climate technologies, including a recent partnership with the University of California, Berkeley (UCB) for scalable CO₂-to-sugar conversion methods and an investment in CuRe, a technology that breathes new life into hard-to-recycle plastic polyester waste.

These strategic investments are geared towards enhancing the long-term sustainability of critical raw materials and packaging, thereby accelerating efforts to reduce carbon emissions within supply chains, all while achieving cost savings in materials, transportation, and logistics. FCarbon dioxide upcycling

This announcement comes on the heels of the news that CCEP, in conjunction with The Coca-Cola Company and seven other global bottling partners, has launched a separate $137.7 million venture capital fund exclusively dedicated to sustainability investments. This fund will complement CCEP Ventures, which focuses on early-stage businesses, by investing in companies poised for commercialization in the sustainability sector.

For more information, please visit Coca-Cola Europacific Partners (CCEP).

Chemical Recycling Techtextil

U.S. Researchers Revolutionize Chemical Recycling Process with Table Salt Catalyst

Scientists at Michigan State University (MSU) have unveiled a groundbreaking breakthrough in chemical recycling using an unlikely catalyst: table salt, or sodium chloride (NaCl). Their discovery, detailed in the publication “Revolutionizing Plastics Chemical Recycling with Table Salt” in Advanced Sustainable Systems, highlights the superior performance of salt in comparison to expensive chemicals in the pyrolysis of polyolefins.

The MSU team employed table salt to facilitate the low-temperature pyrolysis of polyolefins, including high-density polyethylene (HDPE), low-density polyethylene (LDPE), linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE), and polypropylene (PP), in a ratio of 4:2:2:3, respectively. Their findings were compared with the results obtained using platinum on carbon or aluminum as a catalyst.

Notably, while platinum boasts remarkable catalytic properties, it comes at an exorbitant cost of approximately $29,000 per kilogram, whereas table salt is an economical alternative at just $0.04 per kilogram. Carbon dioxide upcycling

The pyrolysis process using table salt as a catalyst yielded 86% liquid and 14% gas by weight, with no undesirable solid wax byproduct, in stark contrast to the use of platinum on carbon or aluminum, which resulted in 54% and 62% solid wax production, respectively. The wax derived from plastic pyrolysis is typically considered low-value and requires further refining processes such as cracking to yield useful chemicals, diesel, petroleum, and gasoline.

Muhammad Rabnawaz, an associate professor at MSU’s School of Packaging, expressed enthusiasm, stating, “This is really exciting. We need simple, low-cost solutions to address a significant challenge like plastics recycling.”

While the use of table salt as a catalyst shows promise in closing the plastic waste loop, the resulting pyrolysis oil is unsuitable for creating new polymers. Rabnawaz and his team observed that the oil generated when employing table salt as a catalyst primarily consists of hydrocarbon molecules similar to those found in diesel fuel. They believe that the process can be further refined to produce liquid products with more valuable applications than mere fuel combustion, as noted in an MSU statement. Additionally, the researchers acknowledged the need for further investigation to comprehensively characterize the gas emissions produced during the process. Carbon dioxide upcycling

The study also demonstrated the successful pyrolysis of metallized plastic using table salt, achieving remarkable conversion efficiencies. While table salt did not surpass a platinum-alumina catalyst, it delivered comparable results at a fraction of the cost.

According to a preliminary economic analysis supported by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and MSU AgBioResearch, the adoption of this innovative method in a commercial pyrolysis reactor could result in a 3.5-fold increase in revenues compared to pyrolysis without the use of salt.

Notably, the research received partial support from Conagra Brands, a U.S.-based consumer packaged goods company, further underscoring its potential for real-world application and impact.

The Russian packaging industry is confronting a unique set of obstacles in the midst of Western sanctions, as reported by Packaging-gateway

Unlike previous crises marked by universal trends such as dwindling demand and reduced purchasing power, the current landscape in the Russian packaging sector presents distinctive challenges.

Amid these sanctions, the industry contends with shortages in various packaging materials, including PET packaging, aluminum caps, moisture-resistant paper labels, and critical additives necessary for production. Since the commencement of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, numerous companies have divested or offloaded their packaging operations in Russia, including Heineken, Mondi, and Smurfit Kappa.

These pressures are further compounded by regulatory scrutiny, which now extends to controlling prices not only for polymers but also for packaging and the products themselves. Carbon dioxide upcycling

On a global scale, approximately 3.9 billion tons of food are produced annually, with nearly one-third of it going to waste. Packaging plays an indispensable role in minimizing these losses. Despite ongoing efforts to protect the environment and enhance ecological sustainability, the global packaging industry is experiencing substantial growth. According to research by Horvath & Partner AG, a Swiss consulting firm, the sales of packaging products are projected to surge from $770 billion in 2021 to $1 trillion by 2025.

The majority of packaging materials used in the global food industry are derived from non-renewable resources, particularly polyolefin-class polymers like polyethylene and polypropylene. Polymer packaging, both flexible and rigid, constitutes a significant share of the market, both on the international stage and within Russia. Flexible packaging bio-sourced

More than 60% of flexible packaging worldwide finds application in the food industry, and experts predict that the global flexible packaging market will surpass $250 billion by 2024. According to a survey conducted by the Flexible Packaging Association in the United States, 83% of brands currently employ some form of flexible packaging. Moreover, 26% of these brands have increased their utilization of flexible packaging in the past five years, with an additional 31% planning to do so in the near future. Flexible packaging for food products is prevalent both in foreign countries and within Russia.

It’s worth noting that Russia is diversifying its list of crude oil buyers, as revealed by LSEG data and traders, by shipping its first crude oil cargo to Brazil.

This move comes in response to the severe limitations imposed by U.S. and EU sanctions, with Russia having heavily relied on India and China as its primary crude oil buyers following the imposition of European embargo and price cap policies in December of the previous year, subsequent to Russia’s actions in Ukraine, which Moscow describes as a special military operation. Carbon dioxide upcycling

The Russian packaging industry is confronting a unique set of obstacles in the midst of Western sanctions, as reported by Packaging-gateway

The VDMA has projected a 2% decline in machinery production for both 2023 and 2024

This pessimistic outlook stems from the significant impact of a weakened global economy on the German machinery and plant engineering sector.

The most recent production forecast issued by the Association of German Engineering Industry (VDMA) paints a bleak picture for the latter half of 2023. The sector, heavily reliant on exports, faces challenges due to a stumbling global economy and a shortage of new orders.

Up to this point, companies have been enjoying the benefits of order backlogs, which resulted in a 1.7% real growth in production during the first seven months of the year. However, this buffer is gradually depleting, and the current year’s order intake, through July, is 14% lower than the previous year, exerting a negative impact on production. Dr. Ralph Wiechers, Chief Economist of VDMA, stated, “This decrease in orders will likely lead to a 2% decline in real production for the mechanical and plant engineering sector compared to the previous year.”Carbon dioxide upcycling

In the more stable three-month period from May to July 2023, orders experienced a substantial 12% year-on-year decrease in real terms. Domestic orders decreased by 6%, while foreign orders declined by 15%. Euro countries registered a 17% drop from the previous year, while non-euro countries saw a 14% decline.

Immediate improvement does not appear promising. The uncertainty prevails, as the duration and intensity of the current global economic weakness remain uncertain. According to Wiechers, global conditions might stabilize in 2024 and potentially witness growth from a new, albeit lower, level. However, he noted, “Currently, there is no momentum, either domestically or abroad, for a robust business resurgence. Stubborn inflation leading to stringent monetary policies by major central banks, the Ukraine conflict with its political and economic ramifications, ongoing geopolitical tensions between the USA and China, and the heated debate over competitive conditions all contribute to a lack of investor confidence and optimism.” He anticipates another real production decline of 2% in 2024 compared to the preceding year.

Despite these challenges, there are positive indicators. Capacity utilization remained nearly constant at a robust 88.8% in July, well above the long-term average, despite decreasing order numbers. Additionally, the core workforce saw a slight 1.5% increase in employment in June, totaling 1.02 million people (in companies with more than 50 employees). Exports exhibited notable growth, increasing by 11.5% in nominal terms and 3% in real terms year-on-year during the first half of 2023. Carbon dioxide upcycling

Wiechers concluded on a cautiously optimistic note, saying, “These factors demonstrate that the machinery and plant engineering sector is not in crisis mode; it remains exceptionally resilient. What would greatly benefit us now are a less tumultuous environment and politically astute decisions that address the numerous challenges and rekindle global customer confidence in investing in climate-neutral futures and transformative technologies.”

The VDMA has projected a 2% decline in machinery production for both 2023 and 2024

Recycled Packaging Sustainability – Can Brics create a new currency to replace the hegemony of the dollar? 12-09-2023

Carbon dioxide upcycling

Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability – Must leverage AI, enzyme-based technology for sustainability: Ashok Chaturvedi 05-09-2023

Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

Asia in Decline: Waning Enthusiasm for China and Escalating Inflation Concerns

In the world of Asian markets, a sense of unease hung heavy in the air on Tuesday. Chinese stocks, in particular, bore the brunt of investor anxiety, casting a shadow over the broader regional landscape. The day’s events unfolded against a backdrop of lingering concerns about China’s economic slowdown and a sagging housing sector, while inflation data from various Asian nations added fuel to fears of impending interest rate hikes.

Chinese stocks, perceived as the barometer of Asian market health, emerged as the day’s worst performers. Investors grew increasingly impatient with Beijing’s deliberate pace in implementing additional stimulus measures. Adding to the trepidation, a private survey indicated that China’s service sector activity in August had risen less than anticipated. Slower external demand, coupled with lackluster domestic spending, exerted further pressure on China’s economic engine. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

Both the Shanghai Shenzhen CSI 300 and the Shanghai Composite indices stumbled, each shedding about 0.6% of their value. Meanwhile, Hong Kong’s Hang Seng index bore the brunt of the downturn, slipping by 1.5%. Investors appeared to be capitalizing on recent gains in real estate and technology stocks. Additionally, concerns surrounding the beleaguered real estate giant, Country Garden Holdings, weighed heavily on sentiment. Although it had won approval to defer some debt payments, the firm still faced imminent bond payment deadlines later in the week.

The previous week had witnessed a surge in Chinese stocks, thanks to the government’s unveiling of favorable measures for the real estate sector and tax cuts on stock trading. Nonetheless, investors clamored for Beijing to take targeted fiscal action to prop up the economy, especially in light of the sharp deceleration in growth during the second quarter. The specter of China’s slowdown had a dampening effect on overall sentiment towards Asian equities.

Japan’s Nikkei 225 index also recorded a minor setback following data that revealed a more-than-expected slowdown in household spending in July. Meanwhile, futures for India’s Nifty 50 index hinted at a slightly weaker opening, suggesting that the anxiety extended beyond China’s borders. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

Further exacerbating the regional unease were inflation reports from South Korea and the Philippines, both of which surpassed expectations for August. These readings amplified concerns about broader inflation recovery in Asia. Rising oil prices and the potential for disruptions in global food supplies fueled worries of persistent inflation. Such signs of inflation sticking around can give central banks in the region the impetus to maintain a hawkish stance, a development that doesn’t bode well for equity markets.

Thailand’s inflation data was slated for release later in the day, with China set to report its own inflation figures later in the week. China stood as a stark exception among global economies, grappling with rampant disinflation as its economic recovery lost momentum.

Across the Tasman Sea, Australian equities experienced a 0.6% decline, mirroring the woes of their northern neighbor. Lingering concerns over Australia’s main trading partner, China, continued to cast a pall over the market. Investors were also anxiously awaiting an interest rate decision from the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA). Market expectations leaned toward the RBA keeping rates unchanged, citing falling inflation and a slight cooling in the labor market.

Nevertheless, there remained a lingering possibility that the RBA might announce further rate hikes later in the year, given that inflation still remained well above the bank’s annual target. The intricate dance between China’s economic performance and Australia’s monetary policy added yet another layer of uncertainty to the region’s economic landscape.

In the face of these challenges, Asian markets found themselves navigating treacherous waters. The fading enthusiasm for China’s economic prospects and the mounting concerns about inflation’s resurgence painted a sobering picture for investors across the region. Uncertainty loomed large, and as central banks pondered their next moves, the fate of Asian equities hung in the balance.

Asia in Decline: Waning Enthusiasm for China and Escalating Inflation Concerns

Plastic reclaimers grapple with ‘rock bottom’ pricing

Although depressed plastics prices have caused some companies to revise their earnings projections, many in the sector are optimistic about an upcoming rebound.

Recycled plastics prices are at their lowest levels in some time, putting significant strain on material processors. Meanwhile, some resin buyers are abandoning post-consumer resin to purchase virgin plastic instead.

The lower prices can be seen in the scrap bale market and, to varying degrees, in the recycled resin market.

“The price of resin has definitely dropped significantly and it all boils down to supply and demand,” noted Tony Moucachen, who leads a family of plastics recycling companies, including prominent Pacific Northwest reclaimer Merlin Plastics. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

“The supply of virgin PE, PP and PET is currently significantly higher than the demand,” Moucachen added, “and this is leading to a steep decline in market prices. This also has a negative impact on the whole supply chain.”

In some cases, the market is such that it’s leading to landfilling of recyclables.

“It’s not a fantastic time. We all know that,” Andrea Bassetti, senior analyst for plastics recycling at consulting and research firm ICIS, said during the 2023 Resource Recycling Conference earlier this month.

“The demand is just not there and the supply is high,” she added. “We have a lot of recyclers calling us, telling us, “You know what, we have bales in our warehouses. It’s cheaper for us to send it to the landfill with a one-time fee rather than selling it at these prices at which they are now.’”

Feeling the pinch at the curb

A number of data sources can be used to illustrate the steep drop in bale pricing that’s been experienced in recent months. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

For example, according to RecyclingMarkets.net, bales of PET, natural HDPE, color HDPE and PP from municipal recycling programs are averaging around 6.3 cents, 22.9 cents, 5.7 cents and 5.1 cents per pound, respectively. Those prices, which reflect the average across the U.S. (with some Canadian facilities also reporting) are down 55%, 69%, 65% and 51% since May, only three months ago.

Specific geographies are also showing the same general trend.

The Solid Waste Authority (SWA) of Palm Beach County, Fla. sends out the monthly results of bidding on bales from its publicly owned MRF. The details of these bids are publicly available.

For SWA shipments this month, Cellmark won several PET bales with its bid of 3.8 cents per pound and Gama USA won several PET bales with a bid of 4 cents per pound. Five months ago, in March, GP Harmon Recycling won PET with its bid of 16.5 cents per pound, roughly four times today’s price. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

And this month, GP Harmon Recycling had the highest bids for both natural and color HDPE at 27.8 cents and 10.6 cents, respectively. Back in March, Cellmark won natural HDPE at 74.6 cents per pound and Nathan H. Kelman Inc. won color HDPE at 17.3 cents per pound.

Canada is seeing the same dynamics. A price sheet produced by EcoCompass Inc. for the Continuous Improvement Fund (CIF), which is part of Ontario’s extended producer responsibility (EPR) system, noted that PET averaged 12.9 cents U.S. per pound during the first half of 2023, down 39% from the average last year.

The largest garbage and recycling companies in North America are feeling the pinch.

Waste Management (WM) is North America’s largest operator of materials recovery facilities (MRFs), which sort and bale curbside recyclables. When the company released its second-quarter earnings earlier this month, executives noted that depressed plastics pricing had forced them to re-evaluate their commodity sales expectations for the whole year.

The plastic impact on WM is particularly notable because paper and corrugated cardboard make up the largest percentage of weight handled by those companies, and markets for those materials have been slowly but steadily climbing this year.

“If you think about our fiber pricing, we’re expecting a slow ramp in fiber pricing, and that’s really being driven by some mill capacity coming on-line domestically,” Tara Hammer, WM’s chief sustainability officer, stated during a July 26 conference call with investors. “The bigger story really is on the non-fiber pricing and related to plastics, which is a smaller part of our volume but a higher-value commodity. And we’ve seen prices decline roughly 30% to 55% from May to July. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

So that’s what’s driving our recycled commodity price outlook for the second half of the year.”

Hemmer pointed to low virgin plastics prices pressuring the recycled resin pricing.

Republic Services, the second-largest garbage and recycling company on the continent, is also seeing volatility in bale pricing. Pete Keller, Republic’s vice president of recycling and sustainability, told Resource Recycling that a few factors are affecting PET pricing, including slowing of the U.S. textiles and carpet sector. Europe, which has historically imported PET, has reduced its consumption, he said. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability


Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

Evertis – Pioneering Closed-Loop PET Tray Sustainability


Evertis is a trailblazer in the realm of sustainable PET trays, driven by an unwavering commitment to closing the loop on packaging materials. Their innovative approach, grounded in a circular integration strategy across three companies within the Group – Renascis, Evertis, and Selenis – has set new standards for the industry. This integrated approach supports the development of a closed-loop system by ensuring the efficient utilization of recycled materials, cutting-edge sustainable packaging solutions, and adherence to strict environmental and safety standards. In this article, we delve into Evertis’ four-step approach to close the loop on PET trays and their remarkable achievements. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

  1. Increasing Recycled Content

Evertis has embarked on a journey to continuously increase the utilization of recycled content in their PET films while maintaining stringent food safety standards. In 2022, the company achieved a milestone by incorporating 35% of non-virgin raw materials, equivalent to a staggering 33.5k tonnes of recycled content used in their processes. This monumental accomplishment is equivalent to repurposing over 1.3 billion PET water bottles or 1.9 billion PET trays. Evertis has set an ambitious target to reach 50% recycled raw materials by 2025.

The environmental benefits of this initiative are profound. Evertis has demonstrated significant reductions in greenhouse gases and carbon emissions, as well as a decrease in overall energy consumption for new product manufacturing. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies reveal that every unit of recycled PET replacing virgin PET results in a 40% reduction in process and transport energy, a 75% decrease in energy demand, and a remarkable 60% decrease in greenhouse gas emissions[1].

  1. Promoting Tray-to-Tray Recycling

Evertis is steadfast in its commitment to promoting the tray-to-tray recycling circuit by increasing the incorporation of PET flakes from trays and advocating for innovative multilayer recycling technologies. To ensure the traceability of recycled materials, Evertis is seeking certification through the RETRAY Process, focusing on the incorporation of post-consumer flakes from the tray circuit. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

An exemplary initiative illustrating their dedication to the tray-to-tray model is their collaboration with key recycling stakeholders in Portugal for an R&D project. This project successfully demonstrated the benefits of a circular economy and tray-to-tray recycling. It assessed the feasibility of sorting PET trays, previously classified as mixed plastics, and reintegrating them into the PET stream, thus closing the loop more effectively.

  1. Facilitating Recyclability through Product Design

Evertis is committed to facilitating recyclability through innovative product design, offering monomaterial and other recyclable solutions that align with clients’ technical needs while enhancing packaging recyclability. Some of their recent product innovations include Evertis EcosealTM, EcopackTM HI, IR Black, and EcobarTM. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

What makes these innovations remarkable is the close collaboration between sister companies, Selenis (resin manufacturer), and Evertis. Together, they have successfully designed and developed new polyester resins that enhance the properties of final packaging without the need for additional structures, reducing material complexity and promoting easier recycling.

  1. Emphasizing Collaboration and Support

Evertis places a strong emphasis on collaboration and support throughout the value chain, working in tandem with partners to close the loop and aligning with policymakers to establish new guidelines. Their commitment extends beyond product development to a holistic approach to sustainability in the food industry.

Thanks to Evertis’ circular integration, the company has the capability to oversee the entire journey from resin design, ensuring the recyclability of their products, to the final stages of mechanical and chemical recycling of post-consumer PET materials. This enables them to supply innovative, recyclable films with a high percentage of recycled content, further advancing their mission to create a more sustainable packaging ecosystem.


Evertis’ four-step approach to closing the loop on PET trays reflects their unwavering dedication to sustainability, innovation, and collaboration. By continuously increasing recycled content, promoting tray-to-tray recycling, facilitating recyclability through product design, and emphasizing collaboration throughout the value chain, Evertis is setting a remarkable example in the industry. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

Their efforts not only reduce environmental impact but also contribute to the development of a more sustainable future for the packaging industry. With Evertis leading the way, the journey toward a circular economy in packaging materials is more promising than ever.


Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

Tomra-CEO Participates in NPAP Plastic Talks Panel

Tomra, a leading player in the recycling industry, was recently invited to participate in the National Plastic Action Partnership (NPAP) Plastic Talks in Ha Noi, Vietnam. This event brought together experts, industry leaders, and government officials to address the pressing issue of plastic pollution, particularly focusing on Vietnam’s unique challenges and opportunities in this regard.

Vietnam, like many countries around the world, faces a significant plastic pollution problem. According to a report by the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and the World Bank, Vietnam loses nearly 3 billion U.S. dollars’ worth of recyclable plastics each year due to a lack of adequate waste management infrastructure. Of the 3.9 million tons of PET and polyolefins (PO) produced in Vietnam, only 33% are collected for recycling. This situation has far-reaching consequences, including environmental degradation and economic losses. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

In response to these challenges, Vietnam has set ambitious targets to combat plastic pollution and mitigate climate change. These goals include a 50% reduction in plastic litter leakage into the ocean by 2025, the introduction of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) policies, and the formalization of the informal waste sector. Vietnam’s commitment to these goals has earned it an invitation to join the High Ambition Coalition (HAC) to support the realization of the Paris Agreement.

Recognizing that plastic pollution is a global issue, the United Nations (UN) and its member states are actively working on an agreement to end plastic litter leakage. The UN Treaty on Plastic Pollution, first discussed in Nairobi in March 2022, holds the potential to address this crisis at scale and promote a circular economy for plastics worldwide.

To discuss Vietnam’s aspirations and engage industry experts in the context of the UN Global Plastic Treaty, the NPAP, in collaboration with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), organized the NPAP Plastic Talks event in Ha Noi on August 28. This gathering served as a platform for governments and key stakeholders to share insights and ideas on how businesses can contribute to the success of a Global Plastics Treaty.

The agenda covered various topics, including the role of the private sector in defining the treaty’s framework, the implementation of legally binding agreements on plastic pollution, and how businesses can form partnerships to develop an ambitious and effective global agreement on plastics. Additionally, there were discussions about the opportunities and challenges facing plastic producers in Vietnam, with an emphasis on the positive opportunities available.

Tomra, a founding member of the Business Coalition for the Global Plastic Treaty and an influential player in the industry, played a crucial role in this event. Annupa Ahi, Vice President of Public Affairs at TOMRA Asia, delivered a presentation on “The Role of Asian and Vietnamese Enterprises in the UN Plastic Treaty.” Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

Moreover, Tomra’s CEO, Tove Andersen, participated in a panel discussion alongside representatives from organizations such as the Ellen MacArthur Foundation, the Norwegian Embassy, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE), and the Vietnam Plastics Association.

Tove Andersen highlighted the importance of waste management in Asia, emphasizing that the region has immense potential to improve its recycling efforts and reduce plastic waste. She commended Vietnam’s commitment to addressing these challenges and turning them into opportunities for both the country and society as a whole. Andersen expressed TOMRA’s dedication to collaborating with Vietnam and leveraging their partnerships to help implement the necessary waste management infrastructure and technologies to achieve these goals.

One of Vietnam’s key actions in tackling plastic pollution is the introduction of an EPR scheme in 2024, in line with its commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and reaching its net-zero goals. TOMRA is actively supporting Vietnam in negotiating the treaty and fostering collaborations with the Norwegian Embassy, the Business Coalition, and the NPAP. With their advanced collection and waste sorting technologies, TOMRA aims to help Vietnam maximize its collection of recyclables, sort and recycle them into high-quality secondary materials, and contribute to the circular economy.

Tove Andersen concluded by stating TOMRA’s mission to create a world without waste and their commitment to welcoming opportunities and strategic partnerships to make this vision a reality. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

Vietnam’s journey towards managing its plastic waste more effectively will involve a holistic approach that encompasses the entire plastic value chain and addresses the full lifecycle of plastic. This will not only improve waste management practices but also integrate the informal waste sector into formalized waste management and recycling infrastructures.

The collaboration between TOMRA and Vietnam is not a recent development. In February 2023, TOMRA hosted a senior delegation from MONRE at its headquarters in Germany and Norway to review its state-of-the-art sorting machines for waste recycling and its deposit return system. These technologies have the potential to significantly increase recycling rates and promote circularity in Vietnam. TOMRA’s partnership with the Norwegian Embassy and MONRE includes proposals for a Deposit Return System (DRS) design tailored to Vietnam’s needs and further holistic waste management concepts.

Tove Andersen expressed her admiration for Vietnam’s dedication to combating plastic pollution and reiterated TOMRA’s commitment to supporting the country in transitioning to a circular economy. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

By advancing waste management practices and integrating the informal waste sector into a formalized system, TOMRA and Vietnam aim to create a healthier planet and generate additional job opportunities.

Following their participation in the NPAP Plastic Talks in Ha Noi, Tove Andersen met with the Minister of MONRE to reaffirm TOMRA’s commitment to collaborating with the Norwegian Embassy and supporting Vietnam in implementing the EPR system and achieving its NetZero goals as outlined at the UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26).

In conclusion, TOMRA’s involvement in the NPAP Plastic Talks in Vietnam highlights the critical role of industry leaders in addressing plastic pollution on a global scale. The event provided a platform for sharing insights, fostering partnerships, and accelerating progress towards a circular economy for plastics.

As nations around the world grapple with the challenges of plastic pollution, collaborations like the one between TOMRA and Vietnam serve as a beacon of hope for a more sustainable and plastic-free future. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

Researchers at Michigan State University have made a groundbreaking breakthrough in the realm of plastics, unveiling a novel type of plastic that possesses the remarkable ability to biodegrade completely on its own

This remarkable achievement represents a significant step forward in addressing the global plastic pollution crisis.

The foundation of this revolutionary plastic is PLA, or polylactic acid, a bioplastic frequently employed in packaging materials. The researchers at Michigan State University embarked on a journey to enhance the composting potential of PLA without compromising its usability. Their quest led them to blend PLA with bio-based thermoplastic starch, and after rigorous experimentation, they discovered a perfect combination that unlocked the plastic’s ability to decompose naturally.

Their groundbreaking findings were published in the June 20 issue of ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, garnering significant attention in the scientific community and beyond. The researchers’ primary objective was not only to address the shortcomings of conventional petroleum-based plastics but also to offer an eco-friendly alternative to existing biodegradable plastics. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

Conventional plastics derived from petroleum, while convenient, pose severe threats to human health and the environment. They can take centuries to decompose, and their production and disposal are major contributors to the greenhouse gases that exacerbate global warming. Shockingly, only a meager 5% to 10% of plastic in the United States undergoes recycling, rendering plastic recycling efforts largely ineffective. Greenpeace has even labeled plastic recycling as a “failed concept” since a significant portion of plastic still ends up as litter or accumulates in landfills, despite being placed in recycling bins.

Rafael Auras, the MSU professor leading this groundbreaking research, expressed his motivation, stating, “By developing biodegradable and compostable products, we can divert some of that waste.” The current landscape of biodegradable and compostable plastics, however, is plagued by complexity and confusion. Many of these alternatives are made from renewable materials like corn sugars, emit fewer heat-trapping gases, but typically require industrial-compost conditions to degrade properly, proving problematic even in industrial facilities. This complexity has left consumers perplexed about the proper disposal of bioplastics. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

The newly developed PLA-starch blend seeks to simplify this dilemma by enabling packaging materials to be truly compostable, even in a backyard compost bin. The addition of starch to the blend provides microbes in compost with a more accessible source of sustenance while the PLA breaks down, making the entire process more efficient and user-friendly.

Pooja Mayekar, a doctoral student and the first author of the research report, recalled the skepticism surrounding the concept of PLA home composting. She noted, “I remember people laughing at the idea of developing PLA home composting as an option because microbes can’t attack and consume PLA normally.” However, the research has shown that this skepticism was unfounded.

Promoting composting over recycling not only conserves valuable resources such as time, water, and energy used to remove contaminants but also simplifies the process since compostable containers often don’t require thorough cleaning of food residues.

Although the research demonstrates the possibility of “completely compostable” plastic, its commercial use may not materialize in the near future. Educating consumers about the composting conditions necessary for bioplastics to break down will be crucial to prevent misinterpretation of “biodegradable” labels as an excuse for littering. Nonetheless, this innovative development represents a significant stride towards addressing the plastic waste crisis, complementing efforts to reduce plastic production and encourage the reuse of existing containers. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

Pooja Mayekar aptly summarized the situation, stating, “There’s not going to be one solution to the entire problem of plastic waste management. What we’ve developed is one approach from the packaging side.” Changing the conversation about plastic management and actively seeking sustainable alternatives like this novel biodegradable plastic is a crucial step in mitigating the environmental impact of plastics.

Researchers at Michigan State University have made a groundbreaking breakthrough in the realm of plastics, unveiling a novel type of plastic that possesses the remarkable ability to biodegrade completely on its own


13- 15 September at the Kulturhaus Dornbirn, Austria

The 62st Dornbirn-GFC will take place from September 13 – 15 at the Kulturhaus in Dornbirn. As the world’s largest fiber innovation congress, the Dornbirn-GFC is once again an important meeting place for the public

Personal interaction is possible this year, in the usual form.

At Dornbirn-GFC 2023, more than 100 international speakers from industry and research will present the latest innovations in the fiber and textile industry.

As a generator of ideas and networks, the Dornbirn-GFC will offer young companies a stage for the second time. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

The 3rd Innovation Days offers the platform for the presentation of innovative ideas.  Furthermore, 25 important partners of the fiber industry present their companies in the exhibition area. The presentation of the Young Scientis Award by Lenzing AG and the Paul Schlack Award in cooperation with CIRFS provide insights into the research topics of the next generation

62ND DORNBIRN-GFC 2023 13- 15 September at the Kulturhaus Dornbirn, Austria

62ND DORNBIRN-GFC 2023 13- 15 September at the Kulturhaus Dornbirn, Austria

62ND DORNBIRN-GFC 2023 13- 15 September at the Kulturhaus Dornbirn, Austria

Must leverage AI, enzyme-based technology for sustainability: Ashok Chaturvedi

In his keynote address at the 10th Speciality Films & Flexible Packaging Global Summit 2023, Ashok Chaturvedi, the founder, chairman, and managing director of UFlex Group, underscored the pivotal role of cutting-edge technologies such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, and enzymatic processing in driving sustainability within the flexible packaging industry.

This prestigious Elite Global Summit, held at the Reliance Jio World Convention Centre in Mumbai, commenced on August 31st and encompasses in-depth discussions on various facets, including the Indian economic landscape, prevailing trends in the FMCG sector, and their implications for packaging. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

During his speech, Chaturvedi reflected on the transformative journey of the plastics industry. He remarked, “In the 1960s, as chemical companies were establishing large-scale plastic production facilities, they coined the slogan: ‘If you want to save the planet, use plastic.’ Today, we firmly believe that the global accessibility of products is primarily facilitated by flexible packaging. Historically, back in the 1960s, chemical companies struggled with their value proposition, producing around 1500 tonnes of plastic per year. Now, production has skyrocketed to a million tonnes annually. Embracing multi-layer plastic (MLP) over mono-material packaging, along with a robust recycling ecosystem and bio-enzyme technology, will drive the industry into its next growth phase.”

Chaturvedi further stressed, “Today, everything we produce should be subject to recycling. At UFlex, we’ve made significant investments in industrial and MLP waste recycling facilities across our global locations.

Recently, we’ve also embraced enzyme-based delamination and recycling technology for aseptic packaging. While chemical recycling may not be fully realized today, it holds promise for the future.” Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

Chaturvedi reiterated the importance of utilizing machinery and AI for waste collection and sorting, rather than relying solely on manual labor by waste workers. He emphasized, “This manual approach is neither efficient nor sustainable in terms of generating employment for marginalized waste workers. Waste collection and ensuring adequate access to post-consumer waste represent formidable challenges in India. It is essential to recognize that the primary hurdle in addressing plastic pollution lies not in the recycling process itself but in the efficient and comprehensive collection and management of plastic waste, forming the cornerstone of our battle.”

The summit comprises specialized sessions dedicated to sustainability, featuring panel discussions with esteemed speakers from institutions such as the Central Pollution Control Board of India (CPCB), the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MOEF), and the Government of India’s Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), addressing critical issues facing the industry. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

Must leverage AI, enzyme-based technology for sustainability: Ashok Chaturvedi

Anticipations point towards an increase in oil prices during the latter half of this year

Most industry analysts foresee a strengthening of crude oil prices in the second half, but the notion of crude reaching the $100 per barrel mark by year-end has mostly been abandoned.

Presently, crude prices exhibit volatility, with North American diesel prices experiencing a significant upswing in recent weeks due to issues at American refineries.

Global oil demand has been on an upward trajectory, reaching unprecedented levels this summer, while production has also surged. This surge in production comes despite the efforts of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC+) and Russia to curtail their output. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

At various points this summer, demand has outpaced production, resulting in a tightening of global oil stocks. This tightening, observed in early August, led to an upturn in crude oil prices. However, concerns about the sustainability of this demand growth have lingered, owing to uncertainties surrounding China’s economy and the expectation of interest rate hikes by the U.S. Federal Reserve.

West Texas Intermediate crude oil has predominantly fluctuated within the $65 to $80 per barrel range this year. It briefly breached the low $80s in late July and remained elevated for a few weeks, driven by a reduction in global oil stocks and optimism that declining inflation would prompt central banks to halt their interest rate hikes.

Nevertheless, U.S. inflation rebounded to 3.2 percent in July after briefly dropping to three percent the previous month. In a recent speech, U.S. Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell emphasized that with inflation at 3.2 percent in July, it remains excessively high. The central bank is prepared to raise interest rates again and maintain them at elevated levels until inflation convincingly moves towards their target of two percent. Higher interest rates could dampen the buoyant American economy and reduce oil demand.

China, as the world’s other major economy, had initially been expected to drive soaring oil demand this year following the easing of COVID restrictions. However, China’s growth has fallen short of expectations, with particular concerns surrounding its real estate sector, which is burdened with excessive debt. This economic slowdown, coupled with the struggle to meet debt payments, could potentially lead to banking sector problems if developers default on their obligations. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

Despite these headwinds to global growth, crude oil demand reached a record high this summer, exceeding approximately 103 million barrels per day, an increase of slightly over three million compared to the previous year’s average, according to the International Energy Agency.

This summer, demand has outpaced global output because of OPEC+’s production constraints. OPEC+ currently produces 50.7 million barrels per day, a reduction of over two million barrels since the beginning of the year, as reported in the August update from the IEA. Non-OPEC+ producers have partially offset this decline, increasing production by 1.6 million barrels to 50.2 million barrels per day, with the U.S. accounting for the majority of the rise. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainabilityv

As the peak of the summer travel season winds down, demand is expected to moderate somewhat in the coming fall. Nevertheless, Saudi Arabia is likely to continue limiting its production, maintaining a tight supply-demand balance that could support prices near the year’s highest levels. A Wall Street Journal poll of oil analysts conducted in early August revealed an average expectation of WTI crude averaging $83 per barrel through the fall and into the first quarter of the next year. On August 25, WTI closed just below $80.

Meanwhile, diesel prices have seen a substantial increase after dipping to recent lows in June. The surge in diesel prices last year followed Europe’s discontinuation of diesel imports from Russia due to the Ukraine conflict. There were months of supply adjustments during a time when demand for fuel oil typically surges due to colder weather.

Though things settled down by June, diesel prices rallied again during the summer. Factors contributing to this rally include unplanned outages at U.S. refineries, particularly along the Gulf Coast, and production issues related to unusually high summer temperatures.

Outside of North America, the reduced supply of Saudi Arabian oil has had an impact. Saudi medium sour crude is favored for diesel production, but other types of crude yield lower diesel quantities.

Consequently, with diesel supply running below normal, the profit margins between crude oil and diesel prices remain notably high. Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

Anticipations point towards an increase in oil prices during the latter half of this year

rPLA Grade China China EVcar – Catl Unveils Revolutionary 700 km Range Battery with 4C Charging Capability 04-09-2023

Plastic PET-Tray Sustainability

Recycled Polyethylene rPE – Japan’s Mitsui, others to jointly study hydrogen, ammonia supply chain in Osaka 02-09-2023

Recycled Polyethylene rPE

Berry Global has taken a significant step towards sustainability by launching a closed-loop system for its 20-liter Optimum stacking containers, which are made from recycled polyethylene (rPE)

This innovative initiative, in collaboration with French water treatment specialist Ocedis, aims to establish a circular supply chain for these large containers.

Recycled Polyethylene rPE

The BRICS economic bloc, an influential coalition advocating for enhanced representation of the developing world and the Global South in global affairs, recently concluded a significant three-day summit in South Africa

During this summit, the member countries engaged in discussions about a wide array of socio-economic matters pertinent to their group. The event also served as a platform to declare the forthcoming inclusion of six new countries into the alliance in the year 2024: Iran, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Argentina, Egypt, and Ethiopia.

Recycled Polyethylene rPE

Russian Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak announced on Wednesday that Russia is contemplating the possibility of extending its oil export cuts into the month of October

This announcement comes as Russia claims to have fully complied with its obligations to reduce oil supply in August, according to reports from Hydrocarbonprocessing.

The genesis of these supply reductions can be traced back to the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and its allies, with Russia playing a prominent role among them.Recycled Polyethylene rPE

Recycled Polyethylene rPE

TotalEnergies Corbion Unveils Advanced rPLA Grade at Interplas Exhibition

Anticipation is building for the upcoming Interplas event scheduled from September 26 to 28 in Birmingham, UK, where TotalEnergies Corbion is set to unveil a groundbreaking PLA grade infused with up to 30% recycled content, poised to captivate the UK market.

TotalEnergies Corbion Unveils Advanced rPLA Grade at Interplas Exhibition

The 2023 Resource Recycling Conference held in Orlando, Florida, featured a session titled “Plastic Tensions Within Extended Producer Responsibility,” which brought together experts to discuss the complex relationship between extended producer responsibility (EPR) and plastics

The session showcased hope, progress, and respectful disagreements regarding film, chemical recycling, and labeling within the realm of plastic waste management.

The panelists included Kate Bailey from the Association of Plastic Recyclers, Anja Brandon from the Ocean Conservancy, Megan Daum from American Beverage, and Jennifer Ronk from Dow. Recycled Polyethylene rPE


The 2023 Resource Recycling Conference held in Orlando, Florida, featured a session titled "Plastic Tensions Within Extended Producer Responsibility," which brought together experts to discuss the complex relationship between extended producer responsibility (EPR) and plastics

Revolutionizing Recycling: Transforming Old Plastics into New with Innovative Process

A groundbreaking recycling technique is poised to reshape the landscape of plastic sustainability. Researchers from Northwestern University have pioneered a method that employs environmentally friendly catalysts to disassemble and reconstruct polyurethane, ushering in a novel type of foam. Recycled Polyethylene rPE

Revolutionizing Recycling: Transforming Old Plastics into New with Innovative Process

Japan’s Mitsui, others to jointly study hydrogen, ammonia supply chain in Osaka

Mitsui & Co., Mitsui Chemicals, IHI Corp, and Kansai Electric Power Co., prominent players in Japan’s industrial landscape, have embarked on a collaborative venture aimed at exploring the establishment of a hydrogen and ammonia supply chain within the Osaka coastal industrial zone.

Japan's Mitsui, others to jointly study hydrogen, ammonia supply chain in Osaka

Sustainable Packaging Plastic – Here’s how BRICS expansion could shake the world economy 01-09-2023

Recycled Polyethylene rPE

PET Bottles EV Cars – Rethinking Polymer Waste Biodegradation: An Innovative Perspective 14-08-2023

PET Bottles EV Cars

Petrochemicals PET Bottles – Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 


PET Bottles EV Cars

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Volkswagen, a pioneering force in the automotive industry, is taking another electrifying step forward by incorporating Hyundai’s cutting-edge batteries into their upcoming line of electric cars

This innovative collaboration stems from the partnership between Volkswagen and Hyundai Mobis, the Korean manufacturer’s division at the forefront of battery technology. The focus of this alliance centers on Hyundai Mobis’ Battery System Assembly (BSA), a technological marvel that encapsulates a battery pack, a state-of-the-art battery management system (BMS), and various complementary components, seamlessly engineered to ensure the utmost safety and efficiency in electric vehicles (EVs). PET Bottles EV Cars

This strategic decision carries significant implications, as it diverges from the norm of keeping all aspects of production in-house. Instead, Volkswagen is tapping into Hyundai Mobis’ expertise to equip their next generation of electric cars with this advanced BSA technology, redefining the narrative of competition between these two industry giants. What makes this choice even more intriguing is the backdrop of Volkswagen’s recent partial acquisition of the Chinese company Xpeng, a move that grants them access to a treasure trove of Asian technological prowess.

The heart of this collaboration lies in the integration of Hyundai Mobis’ BSA into the core platform of Volkswagen’s upcoming vehicles. This integration is not merely conceptual; it embodies a tangible commitment as Hyundai Mobis is setting up a new production base in the vicinity of Volkswagen’s forthcoming gigafactory in Spain. While exact specifics are shrouded in anticipation, this development heralds a new era of cross-industry collaboration, merging the strengths of two global powerhouses to propel the electric car evolution.

Venturing beyond their existing production lines in Korea and the Czech Republic, Hyundai Mobis is venturing into new horizons with production centers earmarked for the United States and Indonesia. This move speaks volumes about the global vision of Hyundai Mobis, positioning itself as a key player in the surge toward greener transportation solutions. The company’s comprehensive battery systems, aptly coined as xEVs, encompass a spectrum of green vehicles, spanning from hybrids to pure battery electric cars. This holistic approach underscores their commitment to catering to the diverse needs of the modern eco-conscious consumer. PET Bottles EV Cars

As Hyundai Mobis anticipates an influx of orders for electric vehicle components across the global market, it is clear that this collaboration is not just an isolated event, but a stepping stone towards a broader transformation of the automotive landscape. This ambitious venture aligns with the broader industry trend of seeking external collaborations to drive innovation and efficiency. Amidst this backdrop, Volkswagen’s choice to source vital EV components externally signals a strategic shift, potentially influenced by both financial opportunities and evolving market dynamics.

In conclusion, the Volkswagen-Hyundai Mobis partnership represents a seismic shift in the automotive world. The melding of German engineering prowess with Korean technological excellence embodies a new era of cooperation that transcends traditional boundaries. As the automotive landscape evolves at an electrifying pace, collaborations like these will likely become the norm, driving the industry toward a sustainable and interconnected future. PET Bottles EV Cars

PET Bottles EV Cars

Rethinking Polymer Waste Biodegradation: An Innovative Perspective

In the global pursuit of resolving the plastic waste crisis, scientific attention has increasingly turned toward leveraging biological mechanisms for sustainable solutions. Two distinct methodologies have emerged from these efforts. The first involves the utilization of microorganisms, fungi, and related organisms, colloquially termed “bugs,” to consume plastic waste. The second approach, less conventional but remarkably promising, centers on the application of biochemical agents, specifically enzymes produced by these “bugs,” to catalyze the breakdown of plastics.

Enzymes, as protein-based catalysts, facilitate targeted chemical reactions without undergoing consumption within the process. PET Bottles EV Cars

Recent strides made by researchers at the University of Texas at Austin (UT-Austin) exemplify the potential of the latter approach. Employing the principles of synthetic biology, these scientists have engineered an enzyme with the capability to disintegrate polyester materials into their constituent components. This enzymatic process ingeniously dismantles the ester bonds inherent in polyester, thereby enabling the retrieval of original chemical constituents for subsequent reincorporation into new polyester products.

In sharp contrast, the first approach – involving microbial degradation – has demonstrated less precise control over the degradation process, often yielding severely compromised end-products unfit for meaningful reuse. A prime example of this outcome is observed in compostable plastics, which transform into compost incapable of reverting to plastic. Enzymatic degradation, however, offers a higher degree of specificity, targeting particular chemical reactions while leaving others unaffected.

The UT-Austin researchers have effectively demonstrated this enzymatic loop by not merely hypothesizing its viability but substantiating it through a sequential process involving degradation of samples into monomers, followed by the reformulation of polyester plastic. Nonetheless, while this innovative breakthrough is noteworthy, its economic feasibility remains uncertain. While details are scant, the patent application may already be in progress, reflecting the complexity of translating scientific achievements into commercially viable technologies. PET Bottles EV Cars

Initial skepticism may arise regarding the potential economic practicality of this enzymatic approach. At first glance, it seems to introduce an additional layer of complexity into the standard recycling loop – production, sale, use, retrieval, and reprocessing – by introducing degradation and repolymerization stages. In essence, this poses the question: what is the value added by these supplementary steps? After all, commencing with PET and concluding with PET essentially maintains the status quo, prompting contemplation on the problems addressed or the benefits accrued.

However, further contemplation unveils a more nuanced perspective. The recycling stream frequently harbors post-consumer waste laden with contaminants stemming from inadequate separation of recyclables, combined with impurities like dirt and food residues. Recycling operators are tasked with managing this heterogeneous input, necessitating considerable expertise and resources. Yet, the enzymatic approach might hold the promise of ameliorating this challenge in the future.

The specificity of enzymatic reactions implies a potential to selectively target and degrade polyester amidst a mixture of contaminated plastics. In this scenario, the liquid monomers coalesce, accumulating at the base of the mixture. In an even more visionary scenario, a mix of plastics could potentially be subjected to multiple enzymes, each tailored to disintegrate a specific plastic type. The resultant process would yield monomers while leaving behind materials that should not have been part of the recycling stream, rendering the remaining waste truly non-recyclable. PET Bottles EV Cars

Undoubtedly, this speculation requires caution, and it is contingent upon economic viability. The idea of addressing diverse plastics through tailored enzymatic breakdown holds potential for polyester, marking an encouraging beginning. Ultimately, the crux of the matter remains rooted in economic considerations, necessitating a patient wait-and-see approach. The prospects are alluring, yet the bridge between scientific innovation and scalable commercial implementation demands meticulous planning, research, and evaluation.

In the perpetual quest to manage polymer waste sustainably, the enzyme-driven depolymerization pathway brings to light a novel dimension. While skepticism regarding its economic viability is reasonable, the potential to revolutionize the treatment of contaminated plastic waste is undeniable. This enzyme-mediated disassembly aligns with the specificity required to address a heterogeneous plastic waste stream. Nevertheless, a comprehensive assessment encompassing economic, environmental, and technical aspects will ultimately determine whether this innovative approach realizes its promise and reshapes the landscape of polymer waste management.

PET Bottles EV Cars

The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) has provided insights into the expected expansion of Non-OPEC oil supply in the year 2023

In its Monthly Oil Market Report for August, OPEC reveals that Non-OPEC oil supply is anticipated to witness a growth of 1.5 million barrels per day (mb/d) during the upcoming year. This prediction marks a slight adjustment from the previously assessed figure of 1.4 mb/d. The report, recently obtained by the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN), sheds light on various aspects of the global oil landscape.

Non-OPEC oil producers encompass a range of countries that are engaged in crude oil production but are not part of the OPEC group, including notable entities like the United States, Canada, and China. These nations, alongside shale oil producers, contribute significantly to the global oil supply. Among these, the U.S. stands as the foremost oil producer, followed by Canada and China. The projected expansion of Non-OPEC oil supply in 2023 is attributed to several factors, with the primary contributors expected to be the United States, Brazil, Norway, Kazakhstan, Guyana, and China.

In contrast, the report predicts the most substantial decline in oil supply to come from Russia. PET Bottles EV Cars

Despite these forecasts, the report also acknowledges the presence of uncertainties. It points to potential fluctuations in U.S. shale oil output and unplanned maintenance activities in the year 2023. These factors could introduce variations in the actual oil supply growth as compared to the projections. Looking ahead to 2024, the report maintains a forecast of 1.4 mb/d for non-OPEC oil production growth, consistent with the previous assessment.

The drivers for oil supply growth in 2024 are expected to mirror those of 2023, with the United States, Canada, Guyana, Brazil, Norway, and Kazakhstan leading the way due to existing project ramp-ups. In contrast, Mexico and Azerbaijan are anticipated to experience the most significant declines in oil supply during that period. Additionally, the report highlights the growth trajectory of OPEC Natural Gas Liquids (NGLs) and non-conventional liquids, which are projected to reach an average of 5.4 mb/d in 2023 and 5.5 mb/d in 2024.

A retrospective glance at July reveals that OPEC-13 crude oil production underwent a decline of 836 tb/d on a month-on-month basis, averaging at 27.31 mb/d. These figures are drawn from available secondary sources. Moving on to global oil demand, the report underlines a projection of 2.4 mb/d growth in 2023, aligning with the assessment made in July. However, the report specifies that upward revisions to the first quarter of 2023, driven by actual data from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) America and OECD Europe, were offset by downward revisions to the second quarter of 2023, primarily centered in Europe and Other Asia.

Delving into regional dynamics, the report highlights that within the OECD region, oil demand is poised to rise by 74 tb/d, reaching an average of 46.0 mb/d.

Simultaneously, in the non-OECD region, total oil demand is projected to grow by nearly 2.4 mb/d, averaging 56.0 mb/d. Looking ahead to 2024, the report maintains a positive outlook with a projected global oil demand growth of 2.2 mb/d, in line with previous forecasts. PET Bottles EV Cars

Geographically, the OECD region is expected to experience a growth of around 0.3 mb/d, with the largest contribution coming from OECD Americas. The non-OECD region is predicted to be the major driver of growth, expanding by approximately 2.0 mb/d. Within this context, China, the Middle East, and Other Asia are set to be significant contributors, with additional support from India, Latin America, and Africa.

In conclusion, the OPEC Monthly Oil Market Report for August presents a comprehensive overview of the projected developments in the Non-OPEC oil supply sector for 2023 and beyond. The report underscores the complexities of the oil market, as well as the influential factors that can shape supply and demand dynamics.

While certain uncertainties remain, these projections serve as a valuable guide for industry stakeholders and analysts navigating the intricate landscape of global oil production and consumption. PET Bottles EV Cars


The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) has provided insights into the expected expansion of Non-OPEC oil supply in the year 2023

Revolutionizing Car Recycling through Big Data: A Path to Sustainability

In an era dominated by the urgency of climate change, the imperative for sustainable practices across industries is undeniable. Within this context, the automobile sector has come under intense scrutiny for its ecological footprint. However, a ray of hope shines through as big data technology emerges as a transformative force in enhancing car recycling processes, ushering in a more sustainable future.

The concept of big data, denoting the vast and incessant flow of information, has triggered profound shifts across various domains, and the sphere of auto recycling is no exception. Its integration in this sector is fostering operational efficiency, waste reduction, and informed decision-making, thus orchestrating a paradigm shift in the recycling landscape.

The intricate process of car recycling encompasses several stages, spanning from initial disassembly to the ultimate disposal of residual materials. Each stage produces a trove of data, which, when subjected to thorough analysis, can unveil insights into process efficiency. PET Bottles EV Cars

Harnessing the might of big data empowers auto recyclers to identify operational bottlenecks, target areas for enhancement, and instigate changes that amplify efficiency while mitigating environmental repercussions.

Predominantly, big data’s prowess materializes through predictive analytics. By mining historical data, recyclers can prognosticate forthcoming trends and patterns. For instance, dissecting data pertaining to the types of vehicles entering the recycling stream enables forecasted demand for specific parts. This acumen informs purchasing decisions, thwarting overstocking and subsequently curbing waste accumulation.

Furthermore, big data serves as a catalyst for optimizing inventory management. Real-time tracking and analysis of available parts vis-à-vis their turnover rate empowers recyclers to ensure the right parts are accessible at the right junctures. This dual-benefit approach not only amplifies customer satisfaction but also economizes storage space, thereby augmenting overall efficiency. PET Bottles EV Cars

Waste management emerges as another domain revolutionized by big data’s influence. Scrutinizing data encompassing waste categories and volumes spawned during recycling operations unearths avenues for waste reduction and heightened environmental performance. Unveiling patterns, it may become evident that specific processes yield redundant waste, which can then be restructured or replaced with greener alternatives.

Embracing big data bolsters compliance with stringent environmental regulations. Thorough tracking and analysis of emissions and waste disposal data ensure alignment with legal mandates, sparing recyclers from exorbitant penalties while contributing to a cleaner ecosystem.

Beyond operational enhancements, big data’s insights ripple into marketing strategies. A deep understanding of customer preferences and behaviors empowers recyclers to tailor their offerings and communication tactics, effectively aligning with customer needs.

In summation, the multifaceted impact of big data on refining car recycling processes reverberates profoundly. From ameliorating operational effectiveness to ensuring regulatory adherence, its potential merits are monumental. As the auto recycling landscape evolves, big data’s role is poised to grow even more indispensable. Employed judiciously, it has the potential to steer the industry towards a future characterized by both sustainability and profitability. PET Bottles EV Cars

Revolutionizing Car Recycling through Big Data: A Path to Sustainability

Vibrant Colors Take Center Stage in Upmarket Automotive Interiors, as Alcantara Unveils Innovative Concepts

For decades, the automotive industry’s preference for upmarket car interiors has predominantly revolved around the classic hues of black, grey, and anthracite. However, a striking shift is now reshaping this longstanding trend, as vibrant and bold colors emerge as the new vogue. This transformation was prominently highlighted at a summer festival held in July, where Alcantara, a prominent player in luxury automotive upholstery, unveiled a groundbreaking “screaming orange” concept car seat. This innovative creation emerged from a collaborative effort with Alpina, a renowned components manufacturer headquartered in Buchloe, Germany.

Andrea Boragno, the Chairman and CEO of Alcantara, emphasized the brand’s proactive engagement with the automotive industry to discern nascent trends from their inception. Previously, vibrant colors were relegated to bespoke domains or limited edition models. However, a seismic shift is underway, propelling these vivid shades into the limelight of mainstream design. The summer festival, which also marked the commencement of the 2023 German Car of the Year (GCOTY) award program, served as the perfect platform to showcase this transformative shift. Boragno underscored how an array of fresh patterns is surfacing, complemented by meticulously laser-cut embellishments that breathe new life into interior aesthetics. PET Bottles EV Cars

Among the contenders for the prestigious German Car of the Year title are several car models featuring Alcantara interiors. Notable mentions include the BMW Alpina B5 GT, Alpina’s B4, the Opel Astra GSe, and Peugeot’s E-2008. Boragno expressed immense pride in Alcantara’s capacity to deliver exclusive bespoke solutions, enriched by their adaptable material’s expansive potential for customization. He highlighted the culmination of this collaboration, presenting a final product that boasts an infinite spectrum of colors, textures, and finishes—a tangible testament to the synergistic partnership between Alcantara’s design team and its counterparts within the automotive industry. Boragno stressed that these exclusive and unparalleled custom creations can effortlessly meet the demands of even the most intricate projects.

In alignment with its pioneering stance as a carbon-neutral manufacturer since 2009, Alcantara has also introduced an innovative milestone in its material offerings. A special variant composed of 68% certified post-consumer recycled polyester has made its debut in Germany. This advancement has received certification from the Recycled Claim Standard (RCS), a benchmark established by Textile Exchange. With an eye on the future, Alcantara aims to incrementally augment the proportion of recycled polyester content in the years to come, underscoring their commitment to sustainability and environmental stewardship.

This pursuit of sustainability extends to Alcantara’s carbon neutrality certification, which is rooted in the practice of offsetting greenhouse gas emissions through verified and certified offsetting projects. This enduring dedication to minimizing its carbon footprint is an integral aspect of Alcantara’s corporate ethos, underscoring the brand’s alignment with environmentally conscious practices. PET Bottles EV Cars

In conclusion, the world of luxury automotive interiors is undergoing a vivid transformation, as bold and vibrant colors rise to prominence. Alcantara’s recent collaboration with Alpina has resulted in the unveiling of a “screaming orange” concept car seat, heralding the onset of this transformation. From the perspective of both design and sustainability, Alcantara is at the forefront, championing innovative materials and practices. As the automotive industry evolves, Alcantara continues to set new standards, ensuring that the interiors of tomorrow’s cars are as strikingly unique as they are environmentally responsible.

Vibrant Colors Take Center Stage in Upmarket Automotive Interiors, as Alcantara Unveils Innovative Concepts

Enhancing Electric Vehicle Sustainability through Circular Economy Principles

The quest for sustainable transportation has prompted a comparison between internal combustion engine vehicles (ICE) and electric vehicles (EV), revealing that both possess intricate supply chains that cast considerable environmental footprints. Within this context, experts have been advocating for the integration of circular economy principles, which revolve around the concepts of reduction, reuse, and recycling of materials. This strategic approach is perceived as pivotal to augmenting the sustainability of EVs and steering them toward becoming a cornerstone solution for climate change mitigation.

While the automotive industry is a notable contributor to global carbon emissions, accounting for approximately 10% of the total, the imperative shift from ICE to EVs has emerged as a pivotal step in addressing this environmental challenge. Nevertheless, it is crucial to acknowledge that both ICE and EVs have substantial environmental ramifications, intricately woven into their supply chains and production processes. In this light, the principles of a circular economy, which envisions a closed-loop supply chain that operates on renewable energy and emphasizes waste minimization, have garnered significant attention as a linchpin to curbing the adverse climate impacts associated with the automotive sector. PET Bottles EV Cars

In the pursuit of a low-carbon mobility ecosystem and the avoidance of catastrophic global warming scenarios, the adoption of circular economy tenets in EV manufacturing becomes paramount. Shifting the focus from the vehicles themselves to their production processes is an essential facet of this transition. A concerted effort to mitigate embedded emissions within EV supply chains, along with a comprehensive strategy to address the carbon footprint associated with the sourcing and fabrication of diverse car components, serves as the cornerstone of the circular approach.

However, circularity’s influence extends beyond the realms of recycling and material loops. The automotive industry’s conventional paradigm, characterized by its heavy reliance on resource-intensive practices, warrants a broader reevaluation. As experts contend, it is imperative to reexamine prevailing vehicle dimensions, foster public transportation systems, encourage vehicle sharing models, and ultimately reduce society’s dependence on private automobiles. By recalibrating societal norms and aspirations, this holistic approach not only curbs material demand but also curtails the overarching environmental repercussions of automotive culture. PET Bottles EV Cars

Presently, the circularity metrics for both ICE sedans and battery EV sedans remain suboptimal, underscoring the pressing need for industry-wide improvements. The augmentation of circular economy practices necessitates a multifaceted strategy that encompasses prolonging the operational lifespan of vehicles, recuperating EV batteries for reuse in secondary applications, and amplifying the recycling rates of end-of-life vehicles. The recycling process itself, although a key aspect of circularity, is not without its challenges. Downcycling, a recycling technique that entails the reuse of materials but at a diminished quality level, presents a substantial hurdle in this trajectory.

Moreover, the global transition to vehicle electrification is characterized by a significant imbalance, disproportionately impacting economically disadvantaged nations with emissions, pollution, and recycling quandaries. Addressing this equity concern is integral to the broader pursuit of sustainable mobility on a global scale.

In sum, the integration of circular economy principles constitutes a linchpin in elevating the sustainability of electric vehicles and ameliorating the environmental toll of the automotive industry. PET Bottles EV Cars

This transformation necessitates comprehensive changes spanning the entire supply chain spectrum – from the initial procurement of raw materials to the intricacies of production processes and, ultimately, the management of end-of-life vehicles. A systemic approach that not only advocates for circularity but also prioritizes public transportation and endeavors to reduce the stranglehold of automobiles on modern society is paramount in achieving substantial emissions reductions and effectively addressing the multifaceted environmental challenges that persist. By adhering to these principles, the automotive industry can genuinely pave the way for a greener and more sustainable future.

Enhancing Electric Vehicle Sustainability through Circular Economy Principles

PE film recycling r-PET – Will hydrogen cars be important competitors to electric cars? 12-08-2023

PET Bottles EV Cars

PET preform Hydrogen – China’s Economic Challenges: Tech, Real Estate Woes, and Debt Crisis Loom 11-08-2023


Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Hydrogen: Paving the Way for a Fundamental Shift in Transportation

In the ongoing discourse surrounding the transition to emission-free transportation, one vital component often remains shrouded in relative obscurity: hydrogen. Amidst the fervent promotion of battery electric mobility, proponents tend to dismiss hydrogen-based solutions as unviable due to concerns of cost, efficiency, and political-strategic implications. Nevertheless, there is a rising champion of hydrogen’s potential: Hyundai. Mark Freymueller, Senior Vice President for Innovation in Commercial Vehicles, and Ronald Grasman, Vice President for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells, have journeyed from Seoul to Berlin to elucidate Hyundai’s stance on the matter.

On a global scale, the hydrogen sector is still in its nascent stages of establishing the multifaceted ecosystem essential for the widespread adoption of hydrogen applications. Hyundai envisions hydrogen as the cornerstone of the entire energy transition towards achieving zero carbon emissions, chiefly due to its unique capacity for energy storage and transport. This versatility renders hydrogen a natural progression for mobility solutions, especially in the realm of heavy and commercial vehicles. PETrm Hydrogen prefo

The pressing question is why battery power alone falls short of addressing our needs. Heavy vehicles demand energy consumption that dwarfs that of cars by a factor of fifty, rendering hydrogen a far more practical solution. Furthermore, the intermittent availability of renewable electricity, precisely when required, positions hydrogen as the ideal vehicle for transporting energy, especially across extended distances.

Concrete examples illustrate this point. Take Germany’s abundant wind power, geographically distant from energy demand, or South Korea’s limited renewable resources vis-à-vis energy requirements. Both scenarios underscore the pivotal role of chemical fuels in the future energy landscape, with hydrogen emerging as the most promising contender.

In Europe, Hyundai has already embarked on a hydrogen-fueled journey, making inroads with heavy vehicles through a pilot project in Switzerland. PET preform Hydrogen

This initiative is ongoing, with forty-seven Hyundai hydrogen trucks accumulating seven million kilometers in real-world usage. A network of fourteen service stations has sprung up, signifying the system’s viability. Plans for expansion across Germany, Spain, France, and the Netherlands are in motion, with Italy also under consideration. The formula for success hinges on enthusiastic investors, robust infrastructure, and dependable hydrogen availability, all reinforced by governmental support to ensure vehicle operational costs remain economically attractive.

Notably, Hyundai’s collaboration with Italian vehicle manufacturer Iveco marks another step towards hydrogen integration. The partnership entails supplying hydrogen systems and fuel cells for an Iveco Daily hydrogen commercial vehicle prototype, as well as future hydrogen buses.

The color-coded categorization of hydrogen based on its energy source begs the question of Hyundai’s preference. The company aspires to harness green hydrogen, sourced from renewables. While circumstances differ globally, biomethane emerges as an intriguing alternative, capable of even yielding negative greenhouse gas emissions when utilized to produce hydrogen. PET preform Hydrogen

Hyundai’s commitment extends beyond commercial vehicles, encompassing passenger cars as well. The company introduced the hydrogen-powered Hyundai iX35/Tucson in 2013, followed by the Hyundai Nexo in 2018, with over 30,000 units produced to date. These achievements underscore hydrogen’s competitiveness, especially in flagship and larger vehicle segments.

Anticipating the future, Hyundai envisions a new generation of the Hyundai Nexo arriving in 2025, embodying innovative advancements that will differentiate it from its predecessor. Research into hydrogen-powered internal combustion engines is also underway, primarily targeting the heavier sectors where internal combustion engines display distinct advantages.

Crucially, China has emerged as a pivotal player in the hydrogen arena. With a burgeoning market demand for fuel cells, China’s strategic energy agenda places hydrogen at the forefront. Hyundai’s recent establishment of a fuel cell factory in Guangzhou, equipped with research capabilities and a yearly production capacity of 6,500 hydrogen systems, signifies the company’s deepening commitment to this burgeoning market.

In conclusion, the discourse surrounding hydrogen’s potential is rapidly shifting, as Hyundai spearheads efforts to showcase its viability. From commercial vehicles to passenger cars, hydrogen’s role as a pivotal solution in the zero-emission future of transportation is being illuminated, laying the groundwork for a transformative shift in the way we envision mobility and energy. PET preform Hydrogen

PET preform Hydrogen

China’s Economic Challenges: Tech, Real Estate Woes, and Debt Crisis Loom

On Thursday, August 10, Asia’s markets displayed a mixed trend, with all eyes turned toward the upcoming US inflation update set to be released later in the day. The Federal Reserve’s keen interest in this figure stems from its implications for future monetary tightening. Amidst this backdrop, several concerning factors were at play, including the debt crisis surrounding Country Garden, a significant construction conglomerate, and an executive order issued by President Joe Biden targeting China’s tech industry and AI sector. These issues weighed heavily on the Chinese stock exchanges, contributing to a day of fluctuating market performance. PET preform Hydrogen

As of 7:30 am Italian time, Japan’s Nikkei index experienced a rise of 0.74%, whereas Hong Kong’s market saw a decline of nearly 1%. Notable losses were registered by Techcronic, plummeting by 20%, Lenovo by 5%, and Country Garden itself by 6.3%. Meanwhile, Shanghai’s market recorded a modest loss of 0.15%. In terms of commodities, gold was valued at $1,949 per ounce, while American WTI oil reached $84.37 per barrel, marking a nine-month high. The euro exhibited strength at 1.0986, whereas the yen dipped by 0.2% to 143.97. Concurrently, the yield on the 10-year US Treasury bond climbed from 4.016% to 4.028%. Wall Street futures indicated a 0.3% increase on average, signaling a potential rebound from the preceding session’s decline.

One of the major developments was President Joe Biden’s issuance of an executive order, imposing limitations on US investments in China. The goal behind this move was to curb Beijing’s ability to advance military and surveillance technologies. While specific details of these regulations remain in flux, the order is expected to cover US investments in select Chinese semiconductor, quantum computing, and artificial intelligence firms. Notably, the measures will not possess retroactive authority and will exclude certain sectors such as biotechnology. PET preform Hydrogen

Bloomberg posited that passive fund investments and publicly traded securities could potentially be exempt, alongside index funds and related assets. China expressed its disappointment in the US decision to implement these restrictions.

In a twist of events, China found itself grappling with deflation in July, as both consumer and producer prices experienced concurrent declines—an occurrence unseen since 2020. This development added pressure on Chinese policymakers to intensify their monetary and fiscal support efforts. Paradoxically, however, this deflationary trend could offer assistance to global central banks in their struggle to combat inflation in their respective nations. As consumer demand wanes in China, coupled with a real estate sector in decline and dwindling exports, manufacturers are compelled to reduce prices in order to clear excess inventories. This trend might extend to developed countries, where central banks like the Federal Reserve, the ECB, and the Bank of England are currently raising interest rates to tame persistent inflation. PET preform Hydrogen

Amidst these economic challenges, a looming debt crisis akin to the massive Evergrande default is brewing in China. Country Garden, helmed by Yang Huiyan, one of China’s wealthiest women, delivered a shock to investors as dollar bondholders revealed they had not received their due coupon payments on the stipulated date. Should the group fail to make payments within a 30-day grace period, it could mark its first public default. Bloomberg Intelligence analysts speculate that the repercussions of such a default could be more pronounced in China’s real estate market compared to the collapse of Evergrande. This is due to the fact that Country Garden boasts four times as many real estate projects in its portfolio. Yang Huiyan’s personal wealth has seen a substantial reduction of $28.6 billion, plummeting to $5.5 billion from its peak in 2021.

The real estate sector in China constitutes approximately 28% of the country’s GDP and has been embroiled in a crisis for a few years. The Chinese government’s stringent lending restrictions on heavily indebted real estate groups triggered this turmoil. Evergrande, the first domino to falter with over $300 billion in debt, remains in a state of precarious survival. Now, the emergence of Country Garden’s debt crisis further complicates the scenario, threatening to ripple through the debt market. Country Garden, once China’s premier private real estate group responsible for over 3,000 housing projects, epitomizes the ongoing crisis. With an estimated debt of around $200 billion, its predicament could rival the magnitude of Evergrande’s default. PET preform Hydrogen

In conclusion, China’s economic landscape is marred by multifaceted challenges, encompassing issues in the tech industry, real estate sector, and the looming specter of substantial defaults. These factors not only impact China’s domestic markets but also hold the potential to influence global economic dynamics, particularly with regards to inflation and investment strategies.

PET preform Hydrogen

China’s Crude Oil Demand Sees Sharp Decline of 18.8% in July, Impacting Global Oil Prices

The oil market landscape witnessed significant shifts on Wednesday as oil prices surged to new heights. The global benchmark Brent crude reached its peak since January, propelled by a considerable depletion in U.S. fuel inventories that helped alleviate concerns over weakening demand from China. As of 11:06 a.m. ET (1506 GMT), Brent crude recorded a gain of USD 1.00, or 1.2%, reaching USD 87.17 per barrel. Earlier in the day, it reached as high as USD 87.65, marking its loftiest level since January 27. Concurrently, West Texas Intermediate crude (WTI) saw an increase of USD 1.13, or 1.4%, reaching USD 84.03 per barrel. WTI’s zenith at USD 84.65 marked its highest point since November 2022.

The surge in oil prices was largely attributed to a remarkable reduction of 2.7 million barrels in U.S. gasoline stocks during the previous week. Additionally, distillate inventories, encompassing diesel and heating oil, experienced a drop of 1.7 million barrels. These figures, as per government data, defied expectations outlined in a Reuters poll, which projected a relatively stable scenario for both gasoline and distillate inventories. Phil Flynn, an analyst at Price Futures Group, emphasized the surging gasoline demand, causing concerns about the existing tightness of gasoline inventories that still hover below average levels. PET preform Hydrogen

A substantial 5.85 million-barrel increase in U.S. crude stocks, exceeding expectations, was largely overshadowed by the prior week’s record drawdown. This drawdown was pivotal in offsetting demand concerns stemming from China’s recent data, which indicated an 18.8% decline in crude oil imports in July compared to the preceding month. This was the lowest daily import rate since January.

Despite these challenges, support for oil prices emerged from Saudi Arabia’s commitment to extending its voluntary production cut of 1 million barrels per day into September. Furthermore, Russia announced a plan to reduce oil exports by 300,000 bpd in September. Notably, China’s state-controlled Shaanxi Yanchang Petroleum Group is anticipated to double its procurement of Russian ESPO blend, with projections reaching about one million metric tons for the year.

This expansion is attributed to the imminent commissioning of a 50,000 barrels per day crude processing unit at its Shaanxi province-based refinery, which has been revamped to accommodate higher crude processing capacities. PET preform Hydrogen

PET preform Hydrogen

India Faces Downturn in Fuel Demand, Attributed to Monsoon Rains

India, renowned as the world’s third-largest oil importer and consumer, witnessed a decline in fuel consumption during July, reaching a low point not seen in ten months. Government data revealed that the impact of monsoon rains constrained mobility and dampened the nation’s fuel consumption. Total consumption for July, acting as a proxy for oil demand, registered at 18.09 million tons, reflecting a significant 6.6% decline from the previous month. Nevertheless, a modest increase of 2% was observed when compared to the corresponding period of the preceding year.

Diesel sales, primarily utilized for trucks and commercial passenger vehicles, experienced a noteworthy month-on-month reduction of about 13% to 6.89 million tons in July. Viktor Katona, lead crude analyst at Kpler, attributed this decline to a combination of the monsoon-induced slowdown and floods affecting Northern Indian states during the initial half of the month. PET preform Hydrogen

The monsoon season, extending over four months from June, traditionally leads to a decrease in fuel demand as flooding impacts certain parts of the nation. The overall deceleration in construction activities, coupled with limited mobility due to weather conditions, played pivotal roles in the decline in bitumen demand, reaching its lowest point for the year. Analysts anticipate that India’s diesel demand might remain subdued throughout August, rebounding in the subsequent months.

Sales of gasoline for July experienced a decline of 5.3% compared to the previous month, amounting to 2.99 million tons. The sale of bitumen, essential for road construction, plummeted by 30% from June, while fuel oil usage observed an increase of 9.6% in July. Conversely, cooking gas, commonly referred to as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), witnessed a surge of about 7% to 2.39 million tons. Naphtha sales displayed growth as well, rising by 9.3% to reach 1.07 million tons.

Noteworthy Developments in Indonesia’s Energy Sector

In parallel with these developments, Indonesia’s state-owned energy company, PT Pertamina, embarked on noteworthy initiatives within the realm of alternative energy sources. The company revealed plans to commence bioethanol production from sugarcane and cassava, aligning with sustainability goals. Moreover, PT Pertamina embarked on the production of green hydrogen utilizing geothermal energy, positioning itself at the forefront of environmentally friendly energy practices. PET preform Hydrogen

In summary, the oil market displayed resilience in the face of challenges posed by fluctuations in China’s crude oil demand and India’s diminished fuel consumption during the monsoon season. Oil prices surged due to a significant reduction in U.S. fuel stockpiles and ongoing production cuts by major exporters. Additionally, Indonesia’s PT Pertamina showcased its commitment to sustainable energy practices through ventures into bioethanol and green hydrogen production.

India Faces Downturn in Fuel Demand, Attributed to Monsoon Rains

Determining the Most Influential Nation within BRICS: China’s Economic Prowess and Russia’s Military Might

The intricate question of identifying the most influential nation within the BRICS group sparks intriguing debates, primarily owing to the distinct strengths and weaknesses exhibited by each member country across a plethora of domains. The BRICS consortium, comprising Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa, holds a unique position in the global arena due to its abundant reservoirs of wealth and the potential it wields as an alliance of developing economies. PET preform Hydrogen

The inception of the term BRIC, initially encompassing Brazil, Russia, India, and China, by economists marked the early 21st century’s recognition of these nations as the foremost developing powers. However, the evolutionary process of this economic alliance was underscored by the integration of South Africa in 2010, formally altering the acronym to BRICS and cementing a coalition of five nations on the global stage.

Unveiling the most potent entity among the BRICS nations hinges on multifaceted considerations. A commonly employed metric for comparison is the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which reflects the economic vitality of a nation. China, boasting a staggering GDP of $16.86 trillion USD in 2021, unmistakably holds the lead among its BRICS counterparts, significantly outpacing the others whose GDPs remain below the $3 trillion mark. China’s meteoric economic growth catapulted it to the second-largest global economy, trailing only the United States, a testament to its unyielding economic prowess.

Statistics from the reputable source Statista project China’s impending ascent to the pinnacle of global economic supremacy. The nation’s expanding economic clout is evidenced by its far-reaching economic ventures, establishing its presence and influence in various corners of the world. Yet, as impactful as economic indicators are, they do not encapsulate the entirety of a nation’s potency. PET preform Hydrogen

Elements such as military prowess,