Pink hydrogen – China-bottled-PET 09-02-2023

Pink hydrogen – China-bottled-PET

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Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Why pink hydrogen produced using nuclear may have a big role to play – EQ Mag

There’s a buzz about green hydrogen. But pink, produced using nuclear, may have a huge role to play too

  • While there’s a buzz about hydrogen and its use as a tool in securing a low-carbon future, the vast majority of its production is still based on fossil fuels.
  • Today, an array of sources and systems of hydrogen production are being put forward as alternatives.
  • From blue to grey and green to pink, a host of colors are being used to classify these different methods of production.

From Tesla’s Elon Musk to European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen, the past few years have seen many high-profile names talk about the role hydrogen may — or may not — play in the planet’s shift to a more sustainable future. Pink hydrogen – China-bottled-PET

Musk has expressed skepticism about hydrogen’s usefulness, but many think it could help to slash emissions in a number of sectors, including transportation and heavy industry.

While there’s a major buzz about hydrogen and its importance as a tool in securing a low-carbon future — a topic that’s generated a lot of debate in recent months — the vast majority of its production is still based on fossil fuels.


Pink hydrogen - China-bottled-PET

-Honda to sell next-generation hydrogen fuel cell system from mid-2020s

Honda said Thursday it will start selling its next-generation hydrogen fuel cell systems for cars and other products in the mid-2020s, initially targeting 2,000 units per year and ramping up to 60,000 in 2030, to meet its goal of reducing carbon emissions.

The manufacturer, seeking to expand the take-up of zero-emission hydrogen, said it hopes to sell “a few hundred thousand” units of the system, jointly developed with General Motors, annually by the second half of the 2030s. Pink hydrogen – China-bottled-PET

Hydrogen fuel cells, which produce electricity through a chemical reaction between oxygen and hydrogen without any carbon dioxide emissions, are touted as a solution to tackle global warming, although the requirement to build hydrogen refueling infrastructure remains a challenge.

Honda said fuel cell systems can be used not only to power passenger vehicles but are also viable for commercial trucks, stationary power stations and construction machinery.

Arata Ichinose, Honda’s operating executive and head of the business development supervisory unit, told a press briefing that by achieving sales of 60,000 units in 2030, the company hopes to secure a double-digit percentage market share of new hydrogen-powered medium and large commercial trucks sold globally.


Honda to sell next-generation hydrogen fuel cell system from mid-2020s

-Export prices of bottled PET in China have increased

Export prices for bottled polyethylene terephthalate (PET) in China rose in the spot market amid higher demand, ICIS reported.

Prices were USD970-1,030 per tonne, FOB China in the week ended February 3, compared to USD955-995 per tonne, FOB China in the week ending January 20.

Prices have generally increased as consumer interest in Chinese spot bottle PET has grown as traders and processors are known to be replenishing stocks after the Lunar New Year holidays. Pink hydrogen – China-bottled-PET

Prices also sounded in a wider range amid fluctuations in oil and commodity prices.

Earlier it was reported that the contract price of purified terephthalic acid (TPA) in Europe for January 2023 increased by EUR27. Thus, the January contract price of TPA increased by EUR27 per tonne to EUR951-985 per tonne, FD NWE (Northwest Europe).

According to the ScanPlast survey, the estimated consumption of PET in December 2022 increased by 24% compared to last year. In the reporting month, the estimated consumption of PET amounted to 86.15 thousand tons. In total, by the end of 2022, the total estimated consumption in Russia increased by 2% and amounted to 844.84 thousand tons of PET (830.43 thousand tons in 2021).


Pink hydrogen - China-bottled-PET

-Idemitsu and Toray Creating Japan’s First Biomass ABS Resin Supply Chain

Toray Industries, Inc., and Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd., announced today that they have agreed to build a supply chain for plastics made from biomass naphtha. They would manufacture biomass styrene monomer derived from biomass naphtha and acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) (see note 1) resin made from that monomer.

Idemitsu will leverage the mass balance method (see note 2) to manufacture biomass styrene monomer.  Pink hydrogen – China-bottled-PET

Toray’s Chiba Plant will use that polymerize to become the first in Japan to produce biomass ABS resin, starting in October this year.


Pink hydrogen - China-bottled-PET

-Maire Tecnimont acquires control of new chemical recycling technology

Maire Tecnimont S.p.A. has announced that its subsidiary, NextChem S.p.A., has signed an agreement with Biorenova S.p.A. to acquire, scale up and industrialise the proprietary CatC technology – a continuous chemical recycling process to recover monomers (building blocks for the plastic value chain) with ultra-high levels of purity from sorted plastic waste, particularly polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA, commonly plexiglass).

NextChem intends to scale up CatC’s industrialisation in the plexiglass market, while progressively expanding its application to other value-added plastics, as this technology could also be suitable for the depolymerisation of polystyrene, a largely used plastic with numerous industrial applications from food packaging to electronics and automotive, among others. Pink hydrogen – China-bottled-PET

Moreover, further optimisation of the technology could address the even larger polyolefins market.

The CatC technology has been developed in the Abruzzo region (central Italy), where the first market development plant has already been built.


Maire Tecnimont acquires control of new chemical recycling technology

-Marelli develops new technology for electric cars

Marelli has been awarded the supply of the central system for electric cars of one of the most important car brands.
Starting from 2026, the control unit that manages the batteries of future low-emission electric vehicles, the BEVs (acronym for Battery Electric Vehicles), of a well-known global carmaker, will be signed by Marelli.
A hardware but also a software that allows you to optimally manage the energy reserve in electric vehicles. Pink hydrogen – China-bottled-PET
Hannes Prenn, President of Marelli’s Electric Powertrain division said: “We are excited about this important assignment, particularly as this technology plays a key role in energy management in electric vehicles. This award further strengthens our collaboration with leading global carmakers and is a recognition of the consolidated experience achieved by Marelli over the years in the development of BMS with different architectures, to adapt to the specific needs of our customers and co-create with them the vehicles of tomorrow”.
A reduced wiring through which a control unit monitors and controls the state of the battery, a system that is positioned directly on the module of the cell to be monitored. In addition to reducing the overall dimensions of the wiring, this solution also allows for the completion of a limited number of sensors and cables that connect the adjacent CMC modules. Pink hydrogen – China-bottled-PET
Each Cell Module Controller is autonomous and manages the measurements and connections according to the need for energy and autonomy.
The BMS (acronym for Battery Management System) manages the stored energy and the battery’s ability to supply energy to the vehicle, while at the same time controlling the operational conduct and the battery status.


Marelli develops new technology for electric cars

-Polestar Vehicle Seat Integrates Bio-Attributed PVC

Made from renewable vinyl and recycled polyester textile, the bio-attributed MicroTech is a “vegan” alternative to leather and comes as standard equipment in the Polestar 3.

The recently launched Polestar 3 electric SUV is not only drivable without the need for fossil fuels — featured as standard is a seat-covering material made from renewable polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and recycled polyester textile. The bio-attributed component of MicroTech is derived from tall oil. Pink hydrogen – China-bottled-PET

Polestar has printed the details of the source, carbon footprint, and percentage of recycled/renewable content on the surface of the upholstery. Optional materials include animal welfare–secured Nappa leather, and animal welfare–certified wool combined with 20% recycled polyester content. Polestar Bio-Attributed PVC

Bio-attributed PVC suppliers include Ineos group company Inovyn with its Biovyn material, and Vynova with its bio-circular PVC portfolio. The materials are manufactured using ethylene derived from waste and residues of biological origin that do not compete with the food chain.

Made from renewable vinyl and recycled polyester textile, the bio-attributed MicroTech is a “vegan” alternative to leather and comes as standard equipment in the Polestar 3.

The recently launched Polestar 3 electric SUV is not only drivable without the need for fossil fuels — featured as standard is a seat-covering material made from renewable polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and recycled polyester textile. The bio-attributed component of MicroTech is derived from tall oil.

Polestar has printed the details of the source, carbon footprint, and percentage of recycled/renewable content on the surface of the upholstery. Optional materials include animal welfare–secured Nappa leather, and animal welfare–certified wool combined with 20% recycled polyester content. Pink hydrogen – China-bottled-PET

Bio-attributed PVC suppliers include Ineos group company Inovyn with its Biovyn material, and Vynova with its bio-circular PVC portfolio. The materials are manufactured using ethylene derived from waste and residues of biological origin that do not compete with the food chain.

-Polestar Vehicle Seat Integrates Bio-Attributed PVC Made from renewable vinyl and recycled polyester textile, the bio-attributed MicroTech is a “vegan” alternative to leather and comes as standard equipment in the Polestar 3. The recently launched Polestar 3 electric SUV is not only drivable without the need for fossil fuels — featured as standard is a seat-covering material made from renewable polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and recycled polyester textile. The bio-attributed component of MicroTech is derived from tall oil. Polestar has printed the details of the source, carbon footprint, and percentage of recycled/renewable content on the surface of the upholstery. Optional materials include animal welfare–secured Nappa leather, and animal welfare–certified wool combined with 20% recycled polyester content. Polestar Bio-Attributed PVC Bio-attributed PVC suppliers include Ineos group company Inovyn with its Biovyn material, and Vynova with its bio-circular PVC portfolio. The materials are manufactured using ethylene derived from waste and residues of biological origin that do not compete with the food chain.

European textile – Sorting technology 08-02-2023

Chemical recycling technology 09-02-2023

Chemical recycling technology

-Maire Tecnimont acquires control of new chemical recycling technology

Maire Tecnimont S.p.A. has announced that its subsidiary, NextChem S.p.A., has signed an agreement with Biorenova S.p.A. to acquire, scale up and industrialise the proprietary CatC technology – a continuous chemical recycling process to recover monomers (building blocks for the plastic value chain) with ultra-high levels of purity from sorted plastic waste, particularly polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA, commonly plexiglass). NextChem intends to scale up CatC’s industrialisation in the plexiglass market, while progressively expanding its application to other value-added plastics, as this technology could also be suitable for the depolymerisation of polystyrene, a largely used plastic with numerous industrial applications from food packaging to electronics and automotive, among others. Moreover, further optimisation of the technology could address the even larger polyolefins market.

The CatC technology has been developed in the Abruzzo region (central Italy), where the first market development plant has already been built. Chemical recycling technology

Monomer samples have been fully validated by perspective off-takers. Once scaled up, CatC would provide a cost-effective, competitive alternative to other existing depolymerisation technologies for plexiglass, as the obtained monomers can be used directly without any further treatment. Biorenova S.p.A. is an innovative company engaged in the development of circular economy proprietary technologies, particularly in recovering materials through CatC technology, and hydrogen bioproduction.

NextChem will hold a 51% stake of a new company (NewCo) which will own the CatC technology. Biorenova will maintain the remaining 49%. Closing is expected to take place by 30 April 2023, subject to customary conditions. This acquisition is strategically significant since it allows the Group to expand its technological portfolio and enter new markets. Chemical recycling technology

Expected revenues coming from such activity are expected to progressively grow to an overall value of €30 million by 2028. After this ramp-up period, yearly revenues are expected to be in the €15 – 20 million range.

NextChem, through the NewCo, will act as technology licensor, high-value process engineering and critical equipment provider.

Alessandro Bernini, Maire Tecnimont Group Chief Executive Officer, commented: “With this agreement we are further expanding the Group’s technological portfolio of depolymerisation technologies, following our experience in chemical recycling. We will progressively apply such innovative technology to several added-value markets. This is a further step for NextChem’s Circular District model, which integrates technologies for decarbonization and recycling, leveraging our existing leadership in the plastics value chain.” Chemical recycling technology


Chemical recycling technology

PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery 07-02-2023

European textile – Sorting technology 08-02-2023

European textile – Sorting technology

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-First automated materials recovery facility in UAE

Tomra Recycling Sorting’s sensor-based sorting technology is helping to recover high-quality, high-purity value recyclates at Farz, the first automated MRF in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The 1,200 tons per day plant has two separate lines – one for municipal solid waste (MSW) and the other for commercial and industrial (C&I) waste. Six Tomra Autosort units are spread across the lines and used to identify and separate plastic materials from the infeed waste streams, and to sort HDPE and PET from mixed 3D plastics.

Farz is owned and operated by Imdaad, a leading integrated facility management company in the Middle East.

The plant is built on a 45,322 m2 plot in Dubai’s National Industries Park, a 21 km2 area of specially designated land in the heart of Dubai’s new industrial district. Imdaad is responsible for the collection of C&I waste from the Jebel Ali Free Zone (Jafza), a free economic zone located in the Jebel Ali area at the far western end of Dubai in the UAE. Imdaad’s mission for the Farz plant is closely aligned with Dubai’s target to hit zero waste to landfill by 2030. European textile – Sorting technology

The process

Infeed waste arrives by truck to Farz’s reception area where, following a pre-sorting stage, the MSW and C&I waste are separated into two lines; one for MSW and the other for C&I waste.


First automated materials recovery facility in UAE

-Recycling must be favored over waste to energy

Edward Kosior says we must embrace the EU’s Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive’s goal for reaching climate neutrality in packaging.

The recent announcement of the European Commission’s new EU-wide rules on packaging has divided opinions. Starting with “leaked” reports ahead of the announcement last November, we had nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) on the one hand pressing for ambitious targets to drive our carbon footprint down and industry cautioning against unachievable goals that would depress rather than drive the sector forward.

It is indeed a fine balancing act, however, the one fundamental goal we need to keep in mind is that we must not, at any cost, exceed our carbon budget. To do so would push our already precarious climate system overboard.  European textile – Sorting technology

According to an assessment presented at COP27, our remaining carbon budget to stay under 1.5 C temperature increase is 380 billion metric tons, or less than a decade of emissions at the present rate. This means emissions must be drastically reduced.

With that in mind, we need to take the macro view and consistently opt for systemic changes across every facet of our lives that are achievable and, vitally, keep us within a safe carbon range.


Recycling must be favored over waste to energy

-SABIC, developing innovative solutions for India’s electric vehicle and renewable industry

In conversation with SABIC’s Abdullah Al-Otaibi, GM, ETP & Market Solutions, Petrochem on how SABIC continues to invest in the right capabilities and competencies for the future.

The EV and the renewable industry in India is gaining momentum and the potential for the sector is immense. Both the value chains are scouting for solutions to reduce weight, cost, and complexity and increase efficiency, durability, ease of manufacturing and safety. In conversation with SABIC’s Abdullah Al-Otaibi, GM, ETP & Market Solutions, Petrochem on how SABIC continues to invest in the right capabilities and competencies for the future.European textile – Sorting technology

1.What are SABIC’s plans and projects for the India market in the next 5-year time horizon?In the automotive space, SABIC’s focus is concentrated on developing and providing the right materials, solutions, and expertise to help the industry meet the most pressing needs of the hour. Key areas of focus for us include vehicle electrification, light weighting, LED lighting and sustainability.


SABIC, developing innovative solutions for India’s electric vehicle and renewable industry

-Cotton and Synthetic Microfibers Impact Aquatic Microorganisms Too

While microplastics have received significant attention in recent years for their negative environmental impacts, a new study from Oregon State University scientists found microfibers from synthetic materials as well as cotton impacted the behavior and growth of water organisms.

“We’re trying to shift the narrative a little bit because so much of the focus has been just on the plastics, but really we need to focus more generally on microfibers of all types,” said Susanne Brander, an associate professor and ecotoxicologist at Oregon State.

“What we are seeing is that even the cotton, while it has less of an impact than the synthetic materials, still has an impact on the growth and behavior of the organisms we studied.” European textile – Sorting technology

The study, published this week in the journal Frontiers in Marine Science, is being released at a time of increased attention on regulating microfibers. Like microplastics, microfibers are of concern because scientists are increasingly identifying them in water samples and finding they are causing adverse impacts in organisms and ecosystems.

A bill was recently introduced in Oregon that would require new clothes washers sold in the state be equipped with a microfiber filtration system. France recently approved a similar measure and several other countries, states and provinces are considering bills. Related, a study from Canada in 2021 found that washing machine filters reduce microfiber emissions. European textile – Sorting technology

Brander, who studies the responses of aquatic organisms to environmental stressors, believes other measures could be taken to reduce the release of microfibers, including increasing the sustainability of clothing so that it sheds less and passing laws that would require filters on both clothes washers and dryers. Previous studies have found dryers are an underestimated source of microfibers being released into the environment.


European textile - Sorting technology

-Report reveals “disturbing” trajectory: World produces more single-use plastic than ever before

Despite consumers calling on companies across the globe to be more environmentally friendly, the world is producing more single-use plastic than ever before, with 139 million metric tons (MMT) going into rubbish bins last year.

According to the Plastic Waste Makers Index from Andrew ‘Twiggy’ Forrest’s Minderoo Foundation, this represents a 4.5 per cent increase from 2019, meaning almost one extra kilogram of plastic was generated for every person on the planet in 2021.

The report added that single-use plastics are “not only a pollution crisis, but a climate one”, generating 450 million MMT of carbon dioxide last year – almost equivalent to annual greenhouse gas emissions produced by the UK.  European textile – Sorting technology

It also found that the vast majority (98 per cent) of single-use plastics continue to be produced from fossil fuels, only a small drop from the 99 per cent recorded four years ago.


European textile - Sorting technology

-Reusing textiles has 70x less environmental impact: European study

Reuse of textiles has 70 times lower impact on environment as compared to producing new clothing, a new life-cycle assessment (LCA) commissioned by the European textile reuse and recycling industry has confirmed. The study revealed that a substantial 3 kg of carbon dioxide (CO2) is saved for each high or medium-quality clothing that is reused.

Only a mere 0.01 per cent of the water used to produce new clothing is required for reuse, the study further stated. European textile – Sorting technology

These results come on the back of the European Union (EU) launching its strategy for sustainable textiles just a few months ago and requirements for member states to start collecting textiles separately by 2025, European Recycling Industries’ Confederation (EuRIC) said in a press release.


Reusing textiles has 70x less environmental impact: European study

-MEG supply glut to continue in February

China’s MEG market will still be oversupplied in February with inventory build-up (oversupply in total MEG supply) estimated at about 200kt.

MEG inventory in East China main ports stood at 1.1 million tons at the end of January. Cargo arrivals will be intensive in the first half of February according to the shipping schedule, and MEG shore tank inventory is expected to reach 1.2 million tons.

At present, the remaining tank capacity in Ningbo and Taicang is tight. As a result, MEG floating inventory will increase.European textile – Sorting technology

In terms of China domestic supply, Fund Energy has a 10-day maintenance plan for its 500kt/year MEG unit in the second half of February. Satellite Petrochemical closed a 900kt/year MEG plant at the end of January for about 15 days of maintenance. Zhejiang Petroleum & Chemical also plans to reduce the operating rate of its MEG plant to about 60% in mid-February due to the turnaround of one of its crackers.

The start-up of Shenghong Petrochemical’s 1 million mt/year #2 MEG line has been delayed without clear timing.

However, the recovery in demand was slower than previously expected on slow resumption of work after the Chinese New Year holiday.

At present, market participants mainly choose to observe. The MEG market is likely to remain weak in the short term. Eyes could rest on the recovery of polyester polymerization rate. Effective inventory reductions would occur in the second quarter of 2023.


MEG supply glut to continue in February

European textile – Sorting technology

PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery 07-02-2023

Tomra Recycling Sorting sensor 08-02-2023

Tomra Recycling Sorting sensor

-First automated materials recovery facility in UAE

Tomra Recycling Sorting’s sensor-based sorting technology is helping to recover high-quality, high-purity value recyclates at Farz, the first automated MRF in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The 1,200 tons per day plant has two separate lines – one for municipal solid waste (MSW) and the other for commercial and industrial (C&I) waste. Six Tomra Autosort units are spread across the lines and used to identify and separate plastic materials from the infeed waste streams, and to sort HDPE and PET from mixed 3D plastics.

Farz is owned and operated by Imdaad, a leading integrated facility management company in the Middle East. The plant is built on a 45,322 m2 plot in Dubai’s National Industries Park, a 21 km2 area of specially designated land in the heart of Dubai’s new industrial district. Imdaad is responsible for the collection of C&I waste from the Jebel Ali Free Zone (Jafza), a free economic zone located in the Jebel Ali area at the far western end of Dubai in the UAE. Imdaad’s mission for the Farz plant is closely aligned with Dubai’s target to hit zero waste to landfill by 2030.  Tomra Recycling Sorting sensor

The process

Infeed waste arrives by truck to Farz’s reception area where, following a pre-sorting stage, the MSW and C&I waste are separated into two lines; one for MSW and the other for C&I waste.

Shredders on both lines break down the material and trommels separate the infeed material into different fractions based on size. On both lines, the valuable fractions (80 – 300mm) are passed onto the next stage of magnetic separation and the <80mm organic waste and inert fractions smaller are diverted directly to the landfill. Any >300mm material is returned to the feeding area to go through the shredder process again. Magnets and eddy current separators sort the metals into ferrous and non-ferrous metals, removing them in preparation for the next sorting stage. Tomra Recycling Sorting sensor

Once the metals have been recovered from both the MSW and C&I lines, the first Tomra Autosort units in each line separate a mixed plastics fraction for further processing into three target fractions: 3D (bottles and plastic containers), 2D (film, cardboard, foil and textiles) and fines. The remaining material passes through a second Autosort unit on each line to separate a mixed paper/cardboard fraction. The residual waste is transferred to a Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) bunker prior to being sold for use in energy from waste (EFW) plants. The final two Autosort units – one on each line – separate out HDPE and PET from the 3D fraction before the material undergoes a final manual quality control check.

This phased process enables Farz to produce high-quality end fractions of HDPE, PET, aluminum, ferrous metals, OCC, wood, PE bags and RDF. These fractions are baled and sold on to recyclers within the UAE and exported worldwide.

With up to 320,000 scan points per second, Tomra’s Autosort high-resolution sensors are claimed to collect data on multiple characteristics at high speed to ensure accurate identification of a wide range of materials. Thanks to Flying Beam technology, homogeneous light distribution is guaranteed for better detection and monitoring across the entire belt width, distinguishing even the finest molecular differences of materials flowing along the line, says Tomra. Tomra Recycling Sorting sensor

The latest generation of Autosort also incorporates Sharp eye technology as standard, which is intended to ensure improved light efficiency and sorting clarity, facilitating the separation of difficult-to-sort fractions such as PET from bottles and trays.

Visit Tomra


Tomra Recycling Sorting sensor

PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery 07-02-2023

PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery 07-02-2023

PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend

-PET film producer Evertis obtains the Retray certification, quantifying recycled content from the tray-to-tray loop

RETRAY is the Ecosense Foundation’s certification scheme to consolidate a circular economy model in the value chain of thermoformed PET packaging by quantifying the content of recycled material, from the tray-to-tray circuit and other sources, in accordance with the EN 15343 standard and the verification of its recyclability according to the guidelines published by the foundation.

Evertis, present in the polymer industry since 1959, is specialized in the production of monolayer and multilayer PET film for food packaging applications. The purpose of the company has always been to offer packaging solutions that close the loop and contribute to a circular economy in the PET thermoform sector.

Their sustainability strategy integrates the UN Sustainable Development Goals and boosts the product innovation in terms of circularity, recyclability and eco-design, as is the case of their latest product launches, Ecobar™ and Ecoseal™. PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery


PET film - Sorting-technology - Battery

-The ecological transition? It’s unsustainable. The necessary minerals wreak havoc on the environment

“The planet cannot afford the energy transition.” Lapidary Giovanni Brussato, mining engineer among the leading experts on the environmental impact of the mining industry.

His analyzes lead to a truth that is difficult for the environmental Taliban to chew: the extraction of minerals necessary for the ecological transition would have a worse impact on the environment than the damage it seeks to repair: the patch is worse than the hole.

For example, the amount of copper that would be needed in the next few years would be greater than that mined in five thousand years. PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery

Then there are concrete, steel and zinc for wind turbines, silicon, glass and aluminum for solar panels, nickel, lithium and cobalt for batteries: resources that are not infinite. Leaving aside the prices that skyrocket, is it possible to plunder the mineral reserves of the Earth in a few years? What about future generations?
In addition and more compelling there is the environmental impact. For a kilo of lithium tons of rock are excavated, disfiguring the landscape and consuming quantities of water that we do not have.

We have just rejoiced at the discovery of the largest European deposit of rare earths in Sweden, only to understand immediately that the extraction will be extremely polluting and that the subsequent processing, incompatible with European environmental standards, will perhaps be located in China.

Last but not least, social sustainability. It is not difficult to find merciless images of young African miners, even minors, on the net.

How compatible are they with the nobility of who wants to drive an electric car to save the planet from warming? In addition to the unsustainability of the transition, the fact remains that many peoples cannot in fact pursue it. PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery

Emissions of greenhouse gases, responsible for warming, have increased dramatically this century, as the population has increased from six to eight billion and as one billion people have been lifted out of absolute poverty.

We are more but we starve less, for the first time in history, because we produce more wealth using coal and oil. It’s not difficult: I prefer to live.
This does not mean that greenhouse gases should not be limited. It’s just not conceivable to do it by turning a switch and eliminating thermal cars and gas heaters.

We have looked for the remedy to a complex problem in the magic wand of ideology and now we find that it doesn’t work.

There are solutions but they are more demanding and perhaps longer. One is the circular economy, i.e. shifting part of the industrial activity from new production to the recovery and renewal of products for reuse. PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery
Another is the European development model, which produces around 5 tonnes of CO2 per capita per year, compared to over 14 in the United States: two similar economies with very different environmental impacts.

Europe, whose emissions have been declining since 1980 and today weigh very little, instead of pursuing further and improbable suicidal transitions, should promote the adoption of its industrial and economic model among emerging and developing countries.

The transition must be based on science not ideology, or it will end before it even begins.


The ecological transition? It's unsustainable. The necessary minerals wreak havoc on the environment

-Recycleye’s $17 million in Series A funding to help enable scaling of sorting technology

Recycleye has raised $17 million in a Series A financing round, led by deep-tech venture capital firm DCVC.

Recycleye uses AI-powered waste-picking robots to lower the cost of sorting materials. The sorting technology helps deliver essential data for decision-making in a material recovery facility (MRF). The new investment will be used to further improve the uncommon accuracy of Recycleye’s sorting.

DCVC led the funding round, with existing investors increasing their stakes. Promus Ventures, Playfair Capital, MMC Ventures, Creator Fund, and Atypical were joined by new Madrid-based investors Seaya Andromeda. The series A funding follows $5 million previously raised in 2021 and $2.6 million secured to date in European and U.K. government innovation funding. PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery


PET film - Sorting-technology - Battery

-Nissan to launch first solid-state EV in 2028

Firm is in a ‘class-leading position’ to introduce cost-saving, liquid-free batteries with 2025-bound production plant

Nissan will launch its first solid-state EV in 2028, believing itself to be in a “class-leading position” regarding the technology

Firm is in a ‘class-leading position’ to introduce cost-saving, liquid-free batteries with 2025-bound production plant

Read our review Back to top “If you can put in energy three times faster, is it any different to filling a [petrol] vehicle?” said put through its paces – can this distinctive Chinese EV make the cut in the UK? Features Piers Ward is off to Saudi Arabia to meet the mechanics who make the infamous Dakar Rally happen.Autocar writers’ cars of 2022: Kia Picanto The opinions and analysis of our team of experts and star columnists will guide you through the debates shaping the design, manufacture and ownership of the cars we love. PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery

New electric cars 2023: what’s coming when The two-seater features a unique set of wheels, along with a big open-air vent in place of a front grille.


PET film - Sorting-technology - Battery

-New venture to develop workwear polyester recycling

A new venture, Stuff4Life Workwear, has been set up to develop a recycling process for polyester to reduce the amount of workwear going to landfill.

It has been created by Hull-based safety wear and equipment specialist Arco jointly with Stuff4Life, a start-up which is developing its own patent-pending chemical recycling process towards full-scale commercialisation. PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery

Based on Teesside, Stuff4Life Workwear aims to create a circular supply chain for polyester, reducing the amount of unwanted workwear going to landfill as well as carbon emissions related to raw materials used in their production.

The joint venture builds on a relationship with Teesside University and its Net Zero Industry Innovation Centre as well as the Centre for Process Innovation at Wilton, part of the UK Government’s High Value Manufacturing Catapult.


New venture to develop workwear polyester recycling

-Fluence Analytics, a Pioneer in Digitalizing the Monitoring of Polymerization Reaction Processes, Acquired by Yokogawa

Yokogawa Electric Corporation announced the acquisition of Fluence Analytics, Inc., a US-based startup that provides real-time analytics solutions to polymer and biopharmaceutical companies worldwide. Since signing investment and collaboration agreements in August 2021, the two companies have been exploring potential business opportunities.

Through this acquisition, Fluence Analytics will integrate its operations with Polymerization Reaction ProcessesYokogawa’s existing business and further enhance its technological capabilities. Fluence Analytics will operate as Yokogawa Fluence Analytics from now on.

Fluence Analytics is a global leader in polymerization reaction monitoring and control, and its automatic continuous online monitoring of polymerizations (ACOMP) product is the only commercially available system that can measure and analyze multiple polymer properties in real time. PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery

ACOMP’s data streams provide new insights into material properties that enable customers to optimize and control polymerization processes, leading to improved product quality, greater yields, and less energy consumption and material waste.

Based on the average size of a polymer reactor, the ACOMP system is estimated to deliver US$1.5 million in value per year, estimated by Fluence Analytics based on the following operating conditions: Annual production 15,000 tons (300 batches/year, 50 tons per batch), USD 3,000 per ton.

Initial agreements between the two companies in August 2021 generated strong interest from global chemical companies seeking to transform their operations with automated digital technologies. Fluence Analytics is currently developing the next-generation ACOMP product, which will become part of Yokogawa’s OpreX offering. The two companies are exploring how to integrate the next-generation ACOMP with Yokogawa’s advanced control solutions and the digital technologies of KBC, another Yokogawa Group company. Yokogawa’s global network will perform engineering and system integration tasks and provide after-sales field services for the ACOMP system. PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery

In addition to ACOMP, the Fluence Analytics product portfolio includes a lab instrument designed to accelerate and optimize the development of novel biotherapeutics. The instrument enables the rapid assessment and real-time monitoring of the stability of therapeutic proteins, peptides, and other biopolymers under various thermal, mechanical, and chemical stress conditions.


Fluence Analytics, a Pioneer in Digitalizing the Monitoring of Polymerization Reaction Processes, Acquired by Yokogawa

-Sabic to launch thin-wall transparent copolymer resins at MD&M West

SABIC, a global expert in the chemical industry, will introduce two new LNP CRX polycarbonate (PC) copolymer resins offering a combination of robust chemical and impact resistance, thin-wall transparency, dimensional stability and processability at MD&M West 2023. PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery

In device applications such as clear covers, screens and display lenses, the new materials can overcome key drawbacks of incumbent PC resins and co-polyester resins when exposed to disinfectants or aggressive chemicals. Options include LNP ELCRES™ CRX1314TW copolymer or its bio-based equivalent, LNP ELCRIN CRX1314BTW copolymer, which offers up to a 42% reduction in carbon footprint based on life cycle assessment (LCA). Both grades feature limited biocompatibility according to ISO 109931 and coverage under SABIC’s healthcare product policy, which provides stringent management of change processes.

Sabic to launch thin-wall transparent copolymer resins at MD&M West

PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery


Circular plastic – Hydrogen – PET 06-02-2023

Circular plastic – Hydrogen – PET 06-02-2023

Circular plastic – Hydrogen – PET

-Petrochemicals – Bright chips – MEG


Circular plastic - Hydrogen - PET

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend

-Toyota Calls On Science To Tell EV-Only Extremists That They’re Wrong

The Japanese carmaker got its share of criticism lately and now it’s fighting back.

Toyota is known mostly for its hybrid-powered vehicles, with the Prius first coming into mind, but with all the other manufacturers racing towards an EV-only future, the Japanese brand seems to be lagging in terms of a wider-scale adoption on the electric-only front.

In fact, it’s reportedly one of the reasons why its CEO, Akio Toyoda, who’s the grandson of the firm’s founder, will be stepping down in April. But even as Toyota moves to develop its first dedicated EV platform, it still won’t make the shift to an all-electric lineup and now it’s using science to tell EV-only extremists that they’re wrong.

With some solid facts and figures at hand, the carmaker’s Chief Scientist Gill Pratt says that the best approach for a sustainable future is a multipronged one, blending EVs with hybrids and other green technologies, and not a full-on commitment to battery-powered cars only.Circular plastic – Hydrogen – PET



Circular plastic - Hydrogen - PET

-PET, a circular plastic system? New study says not yet

Report says chemical recycling for PET could substantially boost circularity

While the strong recycling performance of clear PET beverage bottles in some European countries has given PET/polyester a reputation as a ‘circular plastic system’, a new synthesis study from system change company Systemiq begs to differ.

According to this report, with today’s limited recycling capabilities, only about one quarter of this material is being successfully recycled. Implementing chemical recycling technologies at scale alongside existing mechanical recycling approaches could set the stage for both positive environmental benefits and transformative success for the wider PET/polyester industry, the authors write. Circular plastic – Hydrogen – PET


Circular plastic - Hydrogen - PET

-Air Liquide and TotalEnergies join forces to develop a network of over 100 hydrogen stations for heavy duty vehicles in Europe

Air Liquide and TotalEnergies announce their decision to create an equally owned joint venture to develop a network of hydrogen stations, geared towards heavy duty vehicles on major European road corridors. This initiative will help facilitate access to hydrogen, enabling the development of its use for goods transportation and further strengthening the hydrogen sector. Circular plastic – Hydrogen – PET

The partners aim to deploy more than 100 hydrogen stations on major European roads – in France, Benelux and Germany – in the coming years.

These stations, under the TotalEnergies brand, will be located on major strategic corridors.

This agreement will lead to the creation of a major player in hydrogen refueling solutions and contribute to the decarbonization of road transportation in Europe. The two companies will combine their know-how and expertise in infrastructure, hydrogen distribution and mobility:

  • Air Liquide will contribute with its expertise in technologies and its mastery of the entire hydrogen value chain; Circular plastic – Hydrogen – PET
  • TotalEnergies will bring its expertise in the operation and management of  stations networks and the distribution of energies to BtoB customers.


Air Liquide and TotalEnergies join forces to develop a network of over 100 hydrogen stations for heavy duty vehicles in Europe

-December contract price of TPA in Europe decreased by EUR177 per ton

The contract price of purified terephthalic acid (TPA) in Europe for December 2022 has dropped significantly, ICIS reports.

Thus, the December contract price of TPA is reduced by EUR177 per ton to EUR924-958 per ton, FD NWE (Northwest Europe).

The price agreement occurred along with the delay in the settlement of December prices of paraxylene raw materials. Circular plastic – Hydrogen – PET

Earlier it was reported that the December contract price of paraxylene in Europe decreased by EUR195 per ton compared with November. One single concluded agreement was reported at EUR1,035 per tonne, FD NWE (Northwest Europe) compared to EUR1,230 per tonne in the previous month.

This is the largest decline in the price of paraxylene since March 2020, when restrictive measures began in Europe to contain COVID-19.

According to the ScanPlast survey, the estimated consumption of PET in December 2022 increased by 24% compared to last year. In the reporting month, the estimated consumption of PET amounted to 86.15 thousand tons. In total, by the end of 2022, the total estimated consumption in Russia increased by 2% and amounted to 844.84 thousand tons of PET (830.43 thousand tons in 2021). Circular plastic – Hydrogen – PET

December contract price of TPA in Europe decreased by EUR177 per ton

-Repsol invests €26 m in new Reciclex line

Repsol has announced it making a €26 million investment in the installation of a new production line at its Puertollano Industrial Complex in Spain.

With a production capacity of 25,000 tons of recycled plastic annually, the new line will serve to significantly expand the current volume – 16,000 tons – of the company’s Reciclex polyolefins produced at the site. The new unit is scheduled to come into operation at the end of 2024. Circular plastic – Hydrogen – PET

Repsol’s Reciclex range of resins consists of high and low-density polyethylene (HDPE and LDPE) with a mechanically recycled plastic content of 10% and 80%.

These are used to produce rigid and flexible packaging for non-food use, such as cleaning product containers or product packaging bags.

This investment is in line with recent European and Spanish regulations, which are aimed at achieving a recycled content target of 30% for plastic packaging by 2030.

Repsol said that the company would also be starting up a new polyurethane foam recovery plant in Puertollano this year; the first in Spain and on the Iberian Peninsula.

To ensure a reliable and constant production at the site, Repsol has entered into various alliances with recyclers to secure a consistent volume and supply of recycled products. In this way, customers will be assured of being provided with recycled materials of consistent quality. Circular plastic – Hydrogen – PET

The circular economy is an ongoing focus for Repsol.

The company has a stated commitment to recycle the equivalent of 20% of its polyolefin production by 2030, and to reach a production of 100,000 tons per year.

It has further acquired stakes in Acteco, an integrated waste management and recovery company, and in Enerkem, a leading technology company in waste gasification, thus expanding the scope of its activities in the sustainable space.

In addition, an integrated model of decarbonisation technologies based on improving efficiency, increasing low-emissions power generation capacity, producing low-carbon fuels, and developing new customer solutions is being introduced aiming  to reduce the industry’s carbon footprint. Circular plastic – Hydrogen – PET


Repsol invests €26 m in new Reciclex line

-Complementary chemical and mechanical recycling technologies environmentally beneficial for PET and polyester industries, says SYSTEMIQ

A new synthesis study by SYSTEMIQ has suggested that the scaling up of chemical recycling to work in tandem with mechanical recycling technologies will lead to ‘very high’ recycling rates and lower carbon emissions for PET and polyester packaging solutions.

With only a quarter of Europe’s PET plastics and polyester textiles currently being successfully recycled, according to SYSTEMIQ, the study examines the outcomes of using depolymerisation alongside mechanical recycling and reuse for PET and polyester packaging and textile solutions. Circular plastic – Hydrogen – PET

It aims to evaluate whether such solutions would reduce dependence on fossil-fuel-based feedstocks, increase resource efficiency, and lower greenhouse gas emissions, and is apparently the first in a series aiming to explore the possibilities for circular systems involving PET and polyester.


Complementary chemical and mechanical recycling technologies environmentally beneficial for PET and polyester industries, says SYSTEMIQ

Circular plastic – Hydrogen – PET

Plastic sustainable processes – CO2 04-02-2023

Petrochemicals – Bright chips – MEG 06-02-2023

Petrochemicals – Bright chips – MEG

Petrochemicals - Bright chips - MEG

ITEM 30/01/2023 06/02/2023 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 7,475 yuan/ton 7,150 yuan/ton -325
Bottle grade PET chips export market 1,010 $/ton 980 $/ton -30
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 6,740 yuan/ton 6,600 yuan/ton -140
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 6,840 yuan/ton 6,700 yuan/ton -140
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market 5,770 yuan/ton 5,580 yuan/ton -190
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 810 $/ton 800 $/ton -10
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 4,350 yuan/ton 4,125 yuan/ton -225
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 540 $/ton 518 $/ton -22
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market 1,076 $/ton 1,043 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 1,053 $/ton 1,020 $/ton -33
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,266 $/ton 1,232 $/ton -34
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 7,600 yuan/ton 7,730 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,350 yuan/ton 7,350 yuan/ton
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 8,850 yuan/ton 8,880 yuan/ton +30
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F

Petrochemicals – Bright chips – MEG

8,850 yuan/ton 8,900 yuan/ton +50
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 8,350 yuan/ton 8,380 yuan/ton +30
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,580 yuan/ton 7,350 yuan/ton -230
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 12,900 yuan/ton 12,900 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,700 $/ton 1,700 $/ton
Nylon6 chips overseas  market 1,870 $/ton 1,930 $/ton +60
Nylon6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 13,700 yuan/ton 13,550 yuan/ton -150
Nylon6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market 13,250 yuan/ton 14,300 yuan/ton +1,050
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market 21,000 yuan/ton 21,000 yuan/ton
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 15,550 yuan/ton 16,200 yuan/ton +650
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 17,800 yuan/ton 18,400 yuan/ton- +600
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  16,450 yuan/ton 17,200 yuan/ton +750
Spandex 20D  domestic  market 40,000 yuan/ton 41,000 yuan/ton +1,000
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 37,500 yuan/ton 38,000 yuan/ton +500
Spandex 40D  domestic  market 34,500 yuan/ton 35,000 yuan/ton +500
Adipic Acid domestic market 11,000 yuan/ton 10,800 yuan/ton -200
Benzene domestic market

Petrochemicals – Bright chips – MEG

7,130 yuan/ton 6,760 yuan/ton -370
Benzene overseas  market 991 $/ton 930 $/ton -61
Ethylene South East market 840 $/ton 880 $/ton +40
Ethylene NWE market 825 $/ton 1,013 $/ton +188
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market 10,200 yuan/ton 11,000 yuan/ton +800
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market 1,500 $/ton 1,500 $/tn
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 16,600 yuan/ton 16,600 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 13,000 yuan/ton 13,100 yuan/ton +100
PP Powder domestic market
8,050 yuan/ton 8,050 yuan/ton
Naphtha overseas market  712 $/ton 701 $/ton
Phenol domestic market 7,940 yuan/ton 7,940 yuan/ton

Petrochemicals – Bright chips – MEG



Chemical and mechanical recycling 06-02-2023

Chemical and mechanical recycling

-Complementary chemical and mechanical recycling technologies environmentally beneficial for PET and polyester industries, says SYSTEMIQ

A new synthesis study by SYSTEMIQ has suggested that the scaling up of chemical recycling to work in tandem with mechanical recycling technologies will lead to ‘very high’ recycling rates and lower carbon emissions for PET and polyester packaging solutions.

With only a quarter of Europe’s PET plastics and polyester textiles currently being successfully recycled, according to SYSTEMIQ, the study examines the outcomes of using depolymerisation alongside mechanical recycling and reuse for PET and polyester packaging and textile solutions. It aims to evaluate whether such solutions would reduce dependence on fossil-fuel-based feedstocks, increase resource efficiency, and lower greenhouse gas emissions, and is apparently the first in a series aiming to explore the possibilities for circular systems involving PET and polyester.

The results state that the current PET/polyester system functioning in Europe is not a circular solution and largely depends on virgin production using fossil-fuel-based feedstocks. Chemical and mechanical recycling

Chemical recycling for PET and polyester can reportedly increase circularity when it complements mechanical recycling and the upcycling of hard-to-recycle plastic waste into high-quality recycled PET and polyester; furthermore, this outcome can potentially optimise environmental and socioeconomic benefits, SYSTEMIQ claims.

“Mechanical recycling of PET plastic bottles is a great success story in some parts of Europe,” said Ben Dixon, partner and head of Materials and Circular Economy. “Despite this fact, the study shows that we are still dealing with high volumes of waste from PET packaging and polyester textiles across our continent. Chemical and mechanical recycling

Research suggests that PET/polyester may be particularly well-suited to complementary solutions, with chemical recycling playing a significant role alongside mechanical recycling and reuse.”

Professor Kim Ragaert, Full Professor, Chair of Circular Plastics at Maastricht University, continued: “Bottle PET has long been king of mechanical recycling, due to its unique combination of advantages. However, PET trays and polyester fibre are more complicated and of different qualities, and the conventional bottle segment is increasingly used in non-food applications like cosmetics.

“We must therefore seriously consider how to complement the mechanical recycling of PET with other technologies to avoid large volumes of precious polymer cascading out of the system via a “last stop” recycling into non-recovered textiles or incineration. This report gives us a much-needed overview of the tools available to us.”

“This study underscores the importance of innovation and collaboration in the recycling space,” added Sandeep Bangaru, vice president of Circular Economy Platforms at Eastman Chemical Company. Chemical and mechanical recycling

“We believe mechanical recycling should be used, when possible, but to keep more raw materials in the loop, chemical recycling is a necessary complement.

It’s going to take leaders throughout the value chain—including policymakers, NGOs, mechanical and chemical recyclers—to work together to address this global challenge.”

“The world is facing a plastic waste crisis with far too little plastic waste being recycled, either from lack of collection or because it simply cannot be recycled by traditional methods,” concluded Jacco De Haas, chief commercial officer at Interzero. “The combination of mechanical and chemical recycling is a critical step closer toward a world without waste.”

The study is said to refer to over 80 published reports, research, and advice from industry experts, and is expected to provide useful insight as changes in European and North American legislation are expected to increase demand for recycled PET and polyester. The next addition is anticipated to come in the coming months.

A previous report by SYSTEMIQ warned that agreed climate goals, circularity policies, and the European Green Deal would not be met by existing efforts to adapt the European plastic system. It pushed for innovation, investment, and policy support across the value chain, rather than relying entirely on recycling to achieve full circularity and reduce carbon emissions. Chemical and mechanical recycling

Furthermore, a recent study has concluded that, while mechanical recycling has the lowest environmental impact of the closed-loop recycling technologies examined, it generates a lower quality of recyclate. Dissolution, enzymatic hydrolysis, and methanolysis reportedly improved standard recyclate quality by between 2% and 7%.

Nevertheless, the global chemical recycling industry should be careful not to become economically dependent on a continual plastic waste stream, according to AMI in its own report.


Chemical and mechanical recycling

Plastic sustainable processes – CO2 04-02-2023

Plastic sustainable processes – CO2 04-02-2023

Plastic sustainable processes – CO2

-Teijin Markets Biomass-Derived Polycarbonate

The Japanese supplier joins Saudi Arabia’s Sabic as a supplier of bio-based polycarbonate for the automotive and electronics industries.

Teijin has secured ISCC Plus certification from the International Sustainability and Carbon Certification (ISCC) system for the production of polycarbonate (PC) resin from biomass-derived bisphenol A (BPA) feedstock in Japan. Teijin is the first Japanese company to obtain ISCC Plus certification for PC resin. The newly certified biomass PC resin offers the same physical characteristics as resins made from conventional petroleum-derived BPA, allowing them to be used in commercial applications such as automotive headlamps and electronic components. Plastic sustainable processes – CO2

Beginning on January 30 of this year, Teijin kicked off producing and marketing biomass PC resin containing BPA made from biomass naphtha at its Matsuyama and Mihara production sites in Japan. Under the mass-balance approach method, materials are verifiably tracked through complex value chains, as in the case of biomass-derived raw materials being mixed with petroleum-derived raw materials to create end products.

With the start of the environmentally friendly PC resin, Teijin has launched a new product lineup called Circular Materials (CM), and the new biomass-derived PC resin products are now being promoted under the brands Panlite CM and Multilon CM.

Panlite CM is available in neat polymer, sheet, film, and compound form. Multilon CM is Teijin’s PC/ABS-based polymer alloy.

Sabic also recently debuted a bio-based PC copolymer, which has already been adopted by Chinese brand realme for the battery cover of its brand-new GT 2 Pro smartphone. LNP Elcrin EXL7414B copolymer resin is the first Sabic grade in an expanding portfolio to secure ISCC Plus certification. Plastic sustainable processes – CO2

It is formulated with over 50% bio-based content from waste materials, which do not compete with the food chain, according to the mass balance approach.


Teijin Markets Biomass-Derived Polycarbonate

-Researchers Working on sustainable processes for dealing with plastic and e-waste

Plastic and e-waste are produced in massive quantities in India, particularly with the exponential increase in the use of electronic devices. If some steps are not developed and implemented throughout the country as soon as possible then e-waste may cause long-term ecological and environmental degradation. In concern of this increasing problem, a research group led by Prof. K K Pant, Director of Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IIT), is working on the development of sustainable technology to combat the ever-increasing threat of plastic waste and e-waste while also creating wealth through a zero-waste discharge concept. Plastic sustainable processes – CO2


Plastic sustainable processes - CO2

-Worms weather stones to absorb CO2

Scientists at Uppsala University make rocks absorb CO2 by weathering them. This is done with the help of worms, bacteria and fungi. The research is being done by research project Bio-Accelerated Mineral Weathering (BAM). This is reported by Uppsala University in a press release.


Weathering is the process by which stones are mechanically or chemically broken down into grit, sand, clay and ions.

These ions then react with each other and precipitate as new minerals and rocks. This allows CO2 to be absorbed by limestone, for example, a process Project BAM researchers want to replicate on a large scale. Plastic sustainable processes – CO2

Thomas Corbett, postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Earth Sciences, said weathering of silicate minerals has been regulating the earth’s temperature for millions of years. “The idea behind this technology is to accelerate processes that occur naturally,” Corbet said.


By mixing specially selected organisms with crushed rock in a sealed container, the researchers have already achieved results. They managed to double the rate of weathering. Still, weathering needs to be many times faster to be truly effective.

This could be done by using specially designed bioreactors. The first prototype of these is nearing completion. Water and CO2 are then combined with the organisms, the crushed stone and an organic food for the organisms, such as hay. Leachate, also known as worm tea, then drips out of the chamber. Plastic sustainable processes – CO2

This can be used to combat ocean acidification.

Corbett explains that a conscious decision was made to start with relatively small reactors, which can hold about 400 grams of material. Then the project will be scaled up. “We use thousands of these reactors or the best combination of organisms and the best throughput to figure out,” Corbett says.

Directly at the emission source

This solution could be applied directly at the source of CO2 emissions, such as at a factory or industrial site. Converting excess concrete at a steel producer, for example, would then be good for the climate and the environment. Plastic sustainable processes – CO2

Before we get to that point, however, the optimal combination of organisms still needs to be found. “We use different types of fungi and bacteria. There are genetically modified species that provide a lot of weathering, but they also create other challenges that we don’t like. So we use wild species, which also puts the environment and researchers at less risk,” Corbett said.


Plastic sustainable processes - CO2

A more stable way to upcycle waste plastics

A new advanced recycling process simplifies the task of breaking down polymer chains and stabilizing the resulting fragments.

The Hydrochemolytic technology (HCT), developed by Aduro Clean Technologies, Inc. (Sarnia, Ont., Canada;, involves processing waste plastic with water, an inexpensive catalyst, and material the company refers to as the “H-source.”

In contrast with thermolytic approaches, such as pyrolysis and hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL), HCT relies on chemical mechanisms operating at sub-cracking temperatures to deconstruct the long carbon backbone of polymers in plastics, such as polyethylene, polypropylene and polystyrene. Plastic sustainable processes – CO2

“It’s a random process that generates progressively shorter molecular fragments to yield a mixture of lighter hydrocarbons,” explains Gene Cammack, chief operating officer at Aduro. Further differentiating HCT is the “H-Source,” which generates a form of hydrogen that quenches reactive intermediates formed as the polymer chain is cut.

Thermolytic methods also break down polymers to generate molecular fragments, but they do so by cracking at much higher temperatures.

Consequently, uncontrolled side reactions ensue that generate dozens and hundreds of different compounds with diverse chemical functionalities. These include high levels of unsaturated olefin compounds,” says Cammack, “which are unstable and require mitigation through downstream hydrotreating.” Plastic sustainable processes – CO2

By constrast, the selective operation of HCT to cut the polymer chains, and doing so at lower temperatures, not only reduces energy use but also minimizes uncontrolled side reactions. And the stabilization further limits side reactions while substantially eliminating olefins. Additionally, says Cammack, the process can be configured to tune the weight of the hydrocarbon products for certain product slates, such as naphtha, paraffins and other platform chemicals.

Having demonstrated HCT through extensive runs in batch reactors, Aduro is now implementing it in continuous-flow mode.

Company scientists also are actively working to understand and manage the effects of contaminants in waste plastic streams, like PVC, and investigating possibilities to recover and reuse water. Plastic sustainable processes – CO2


Plastic sustainable processes - CO2

-PPC Picks Up Israeli Packaging Innovator

Starting out as a nylon film extruder for sterilizable medical packaging, StePac has grown to become an innovator in fresh produce packaging.

PPC Flexible Packaging LLC announced today the acquisition of Israel-based StePac, MAPfresh Holdings (StePac).

Headquartered in Buffalo Grove, IL, and part of a private equity portfolio managed by Chicago-based GTCR, PPC is specialized in the printing and converting of flexible films, pouches, and other packaging designs, including prototypes. A key business area is cleanroom packaging for medical applications, consumer snack and organic brands, specialty produce, pet, nutraceutical, bakery, and horticulture markets. Its facilities are AIB, SQF level II, and ISO-9001 certified. Plastic sustainable processes – CO2

StePac was founded in 1992 as a nylon film extruder providing sterilizable packaging for medical markets. StePac re-focused its capabilities shortly thereafter to bring emerging technologies to the development of packaging for fresh produce markets. Over the years the company has grown to become the globally recognized leader in post-harvest shelf life extension of high-value agricultural produce, according to the news release. The company’s patented technologies create atmosphere and humidity-controlled packaging through roll goods, lidding, and pre-made bags and pouches for bulk and retail applications. StePac operates through a network serving customers in more than 40 countries and nearly every continent from its headquarters and R&D center in Tefen, Israel.

“StePac has been a recognized technology leader in the boutique produce market for many years,” said Kevin Keneally, President and CEO of PPC, in a prepared statement. “Through combining PPC’s existing portfolio of produce packaging, this acquisition will bring our mutual customers a much more diverse selection of options ultimately delivering industry-leading sustainable solutions.” Plastic sustainable processes – CO2

With the addition of StePac, PPC now operates 14 manufacturing facilities in Buffalo Grove, IL; Mission and Kansas City, KS; Rome, GA; Payson, UT; Pewaukee, WI; McKinney, TX; Columbus and Alliance, OH; North Salt Lake, UT; Hartland, WI ; Colombia, South America; and Tefen, Israel.


PPC Picks Up Israeli Packaging Innovator

-Nigeria: Just who is supposed to clean up plastic waste?

Take a walk or drive through the streets of most Nigerian cities, and you will see plastic waste everywhere. The country’s rivers, lakes and ocean are also full of discarded plastic waste. Plastic sustainable processes – CO2

Nigeria is estimated to generate about 2.5 million tonnes of plastic waste annually. Plastic accounts for 15% of the total waste generated in Lagos State. The situation is likely to worsen as Nigeria’s population grows, from more than 220 million people now to an expected 401 million by the end of 2050.

The production of plastic is growing too. Dangote Refinery, the largest petrochemical refinery in Africa, is starting operations in Nigeria in the first quarter of 2023. Aside from refining fuel, the plant will also producing plastic products.

Who should clean up plastic waste?

The question arises as to who is responsible for cleaning up the plastic waste in the Nigerian environment. Plastic sustainable processes – CO2

Some argue that the onus is on government to make and enforce policies and regulations. Others argue that residents ought to take responsibility in the spirit of environmental citizenship.

But what about the manufacturers, who, too often, take no responsibility when the plastic they produce end up as waste in the environment?

Recently, I explored how companies can reduce plastic waste in Nigeria if they accept all the elements of corporate social responsibility. Doing so also promotes sustainable development. The UN defines this as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” So corporate social responsibility benefits the companies too.

Dimensions of corporate social responsibility

Corporate social responsibility is the idea that a company should play a positive role in the community and consider the environmental and social impacts of business decisions.

Since the mid-1950s, most of the world’s leading business organisations have come to agree that companies have economic, legal, ethical and philanthropic or discretionary responsibilities. Plastic sustainable processes – CO2

Economic responsibility is a commitment to making profits, operating efficiently and being competitive. Focusing on this alone can lead to environmental problems unless it considers the long term. One way for economic responsibility and environmental sustainability to meet is by assigning an economic value to waste.

Legal responsibility means that a company must comply with government laws and regulations. These should include rules that protect the environment.

Ethical responsibility means being fair, in accordance with societal expectations. For example, it means a company doing its fair share to prevent and clean up waste.

Philanthropic responsibility is something extra a company can do to make the world a better place. Many companies get involved in volunteering, empowerment and support of innovative programmes to help people. An example would be coordinating voluntary community action to clean up waste. Plastic sustainable processes – CO2


Nigeria: Just who is supposed to clean up plastic waste?

-Prices for recycled resins in Europe slide further on depressed demand

Stock replenishment may ease price pressure this month

In December, European standard recyclate prices fell across the board as a result of very low pre-holiday demand. Plastic sustainable processes – CO2

Recycled PET saw the steepest falls with price reductions of €150 per metric ton for clear flake and reductions of €100 per tonne for colored flake and for clear food grade pellets.

Recycled high density polyethylene blow molding colored grade prices fell by €50 per tonne while recycled HDPE black injection molding prices fell slightly.

Recycled low density natural film prices fell by €50 per tonne with translucent film pellet prices down by €30 per tonne. Plastic sustainable processes – CO2

Recycled polypropylene prices declined by just €10 per tonne and recycled high impact polystyrene prices were €50 per tonne lower in December.

Recyclate prices have continued their downward trajectory primarily as a result of very low demand.

Converters are buying less material as a result of the economic downturn and growing competition from declining primary material prices.

The demand position was further weakened last month by converters destocking ahead of the end-year balance sheet accounting practices.

Converters were therefore buying just sufficient recyclate to cover their immediate production needs. Plastic sustainable processes – CO2

Material availability was generally quite low yet there was more than enough material to meet the low level of demand.

Few price agreements had been struck at the time this research was conducted during the first week of the month. Standard recyclate prices remain under pressure at the start of the new year. Recycled PET, PP and PS prices are expected to fall further throughout the month of January. Recycled HDPE and LDPE prices are more likely to remain either stable or to fall slightly.

Demand is expected to pick up only slowly over the course of the month as processors return to work after the holidays and begin to replenish stocks. Some recyclers have undertaken plant maintenance programs during the festive season while others are considering leaving their plants closed for an extended period given the weak level of demand. Plastic sustainable processes – CO2

Recycled PET

In December, destocking by converters combined with the short production month further exacerbated an already weak demand position and led to a further collapse in recycled PET prices. Clear flake material also faced stiff competition from imported recyclate and prices fell by €140-150 per tonne. Colored flake and clear food grade pellet prices fell by €100 euros per tonne, well in excess of the €50 per tonne reduction in the cost of bottle scrap. There was a plentiful supply of bottle scrap and no shortage of recyalate.

In January, there is likely to be further downward pressure on prices. Demand is expected to pick up at a slow pace as processors gradually restart production after the holidays and begin to replenish their inventories.

Some recyclers are even considering leaving their facilities closed until there is a more substantial recovery in demand. Plastic sustainable processes – CO2

Recycled LDPE

In December, recycled LDPE natural film prices fell by €50 per tonne with translucent film pellet prices down by €30 per tonne. Demand was very low as a result of the short production month and sales were further suppressed by destocking by converters ahead of end-of-year balance sheet accounting practices. Material availability was short although the low levels of demand meant that contracts were largely fulfilled.

Recycled LDPE prices changed little at the beginning of the New Year as many recyclers and processors had postponed the restart of their facilities until the second week of January. Demand is however expected to pick up over he month as converters begin  to replenish inventories. Plastic sustainable processes – CO2

This should reduce the downward pressure on prices a little.

Recycled HDPE

In December, recycled HDPE blow molding colored grade prices fell by €50 per tonne as a result of lower input costs and a further deterioration in demand. Black injection molding prices fell only slightly. Demand was very low across the board as a result of the short production month and converters buying only sufficient material to cover their immediate needs ahead of the end-year accounting practices. There was more than enough material to meet the low demand.


Prices for recycled resins in Europe slide further on depressed demand

Plastic sustainable processes – CO2

Carbon Fiber – PET Recycling 03-02-2023

PET Recycling Coalition 03-02-2023

PET Recycling Coalition

-PET Recycling Coalition awards its first three grants

Resin company DAK Americas, recycled-content thermoforms producer Direct Pack and MRF operator Recycle Source have become the first three recipients of grants from the PET Recycling Coalition.

The Recycling Partnership’s PET Recycling Coalition launched a year ago to provide funding to boost PET recycling in the U.S. Modeled off the group’s Polypropylene Recycling Coalition, the PET counterpart is also funded by a mix of plastic producers and brand owners.

According to a press release from The Recycling Partnership (TRP), the first round of three grants will boost PET packaging capture and processing capacity, and they will unlock access to PET thermoform recycling for the Pittsburgh area. PET Recycling Coalition

Global plastics producer DAK Americas received funding to help install a robotic sorting system at its PET recycling plant in Richmond, Ind. DAK acquired that facility, formerly known as Perpetual Recycling Solutions, in February 2019. Since then, the company has invested tens of millions of dollars in upgrades at the plant.

According to TRP, the robot will be installed on one of the facility’s outbound lines, capturing PET bottles, thermoforms and pigmented opaque PET items missed by earlier sorting steps.

Another grant went to Direct Pack Recycling, which is part of Asuza, Calif.-based packaging producer Direct Pack, which is building a PET recycling operation in Mexicali, Mexico, just across the border from California. The company already invested $25 million in a Mexicali plant that produces recycled-content thermoforms.

In late 2021, Direct Pack announced another project to build a PET recycling plant adjacent to the thermoforming facility. TRP’s grant will assist in the construction of the recycling plant, which will source materials from MRFs across the U.S. In fact, the city of Phoenix on Jan. 27 noted in a press release that Direct Pack purchased 8.1 million pounds of PET scrap from Phoenix in 2022. PET Recycling Coalition

“With our newest recycling and recovery facility located only a few hours away from Phoenix, we can trace and recover all PET plastic collected in the area with a very low carbon footprint,” Craig Snedden, president of Direct Pack, Inc., stated in the press release, which focused on recovery efforts at the upcoming Super Bowl 57 in nearby Glendale, Ariz.

Direct Pack is one of the few larger-scale reclaimers that specialize in recycling thermoformed PET packaging.

Lastly, the PET Recycling Coalition awarded a grant to Recycle Source, which will upgrade the  automated sorting technology at its Pittsburgh MRF. The release notes the upgrades will allow the facility to effectively sort PET thermoforms for recycling.

“These projects will deliver the types of improvements that we view as being essential to the future of PET recycling,” said Adam Gendell, director of system optimization at TRP, in a press release. “By helping MRFs and PET reclaimers capture and recover more of the material in their facilities, we will see meaningful gains in the amount of PET recycled in the short term, and by helping to grow reclamation capacity, we will ensure that there is robust infrastructure ready to handle future growth in PET recycling.”

The dollar amounts of the grants were not disclosed, but Heath Nettles, director of marketing and communications for TRP, said the grants averaged $250,000. The individual amounts were based on the PET Recycling Coalition’s assessment of the individual facilities’ needs and the value of the projects relative to the coalition’s goals for the system, he said. PET Recycling Coalition

The following PET Recycling Coalition Steering Committee members provide financial support for the coalition: Eastman, Indorama Ventures, the National Association of PET Container Resources (NAPCOR), Procter & Gamble and the Walmart Foundation. Additional members include The Coca-Cola Company, Danone, The Kroger Co. Zero Hunger | Zero Waste Foundation, Plastic Ingenuity and Niagara Bottling.

The PET Recycling Coalition expects to announce three additional rounds of grants in 2023.


PET Recycling Coalition

PET Recycling Coalition

R-PET – Circular polymers 02-02-2023

Carbon Fiber – PET Recycling 03-02-2023

Carbon Fiber – PET Recycling

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend

-Alpla Launches PET Recycling Center in Romania’s City of Targu Mures

Alpla Group, an Austrian packaging and recycling firm, has opened their first Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) recycling plant in Targu Mures, Romania. This advanced facility can produce up to 18,000 tonnes of rPET from household waste per year – a move intended to promote the circular economy in South-East Europe and create a reliable source of food-grade recycled PET.

Alpla, Ecohelp and United Polymer Trading recently completed construction on a new €7.5m ($8.2m) plant. This was a collaborative effort between the three partners as they worked together to bring the plant to life after nine months of hard work.

Georg Lasser, the director of recycling for Alpha’s business development, procurement, and sales, stated “The growing importance of local recycling processes calls for increased commitment in the region. Carbon Fiber – PET Recycling

“Together with our partners, we combine strengths, increase the processing quality of the recycled PET material and ensure the long-term supply of the southeast European market.”

Alpla and its partner celebrated the official opening of a new plant that produces high-quality rPET granulate from PET flakes. With one extrusion line already operating, the facility has enough space to add another, which could double its capacity. The occasion marked more than just a production milestone as the plant also created around 20 jobs. On 4 May, Alpla will host a ceremony at the site to commemorate the occasion.

Mihail Moloiu, general manager of PET Recycling Team Targu Mures, stated “The collaboration is a great example of how to improve local recycling and ensure sustainable economic development.

“We are filling a gap in the market for high-quality recycled material in Romania and neighbouring countries.” Carbon Fiber – PET Recycling

Alpla Group announced a joint venture between Alpla, UPT and Ecohelp this autumn. This venture combines the company’s recycling expertise, distribution networks and materials supply networks to produce food-grade rPET granulate that is then used as the starting material for new preforms and bottles. The production site of the venture was opened last October in Lanseria, South Africa – located in the industrial area north of Johannesburg, the site features 35,000m² of covered production, administration, and storage space.


Alpla Launches PET Recycling Center in Romania's City of Targu Mures

-Toray Develops High-Speed Thermal Welding Technology for Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastics that Contributes to High-Rate Production and Weight Savings of Aircraft

Toray Industries, Inc., announced today that it has developed a technology that thermally welds carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP) at high speed. This technology will enable high-rate production and weight savings of CFRP airframes. The company will push ahead with demonstrations with a view to commercializing airframes after 2030 while further expanding CFRP applications.  Carbon Fiber – PET Recycling

Global aircraft demand should recover through 2025 after stagnating amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Demand for next-generation aircraft with 120 to 240 seats should be heavy from 2030. Thermosetting CFRP is the primary structural material for aircraft main frames because of its long use and high reliability. The downside is that complicated adhesive bonding and bolt fastening processes of CFRP have become assembly bottlenecks. CFRP production times greatly lag those for aluminum alloy airframes. High-rate production and weight savings that help enhance fuel efficiency to will be important to capture prospectively large demand.


Carbon Fiber - PET Recycling

-DSM Engineering Materials launches Lucidiris™, a color and mechanical properties prediction tool powered by (AI)

DSM Engineering Materials announces the launch of Lucidiris™.

Lucidiris™ helps customers reduce time to market when developing colors of high-performance materials for a variety of applications. Besides predicting color and mechanical properties, it can predict the envelope of potential color space within critical mechanical properties and prescribe recipes for targeted color properties.

Lucidiris™ has been developed for several high-performance material grades and will be extended, including recycled-based and repurposed materials. It is a next step in DSM Engineering Materials’ journey to make product development for their customers quicker and easier via advanced digital solutions. Carbon Fiber – PET Recycling

This state-of-the-art patent protected Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology facilitates the development of material recipes with targeted optical properties while assuring mechanical properties.

With Lucidiris™ customers will be supported by its ability to:

  • Predict color and mechanical properties of polymer compounds upon addition of color ingredients.
  • Predict envelope of potential color space that can be produced within critical mechanical properties.
  • Prescribe color ingredients to add to a polymer compound to meet targeted properties.

“Lucidiris™ changes our design-build-test-learn development cycle for the customer applications of our materials fundamentally,” said Erwin Houben, R&T Manager Digitization DSM Engineering Materials. “This state-of-the-art AI based digital tool reinforces our strengths in colored materials development and enables to take on some tough challenges for reusing circular materials.” Carbon Fiber – PET Recycling

“And there is more to come,” said Angelika Schmidt, Global R&T Manager of Performance Polymers, DSM Engineering Materials. “Lucidiris™ is our next step into digitization of product development. What we can do for color development already today, will be possible for product development in the future.

Combining human intelligence with machine learning will enable us to get to the successful recipes with much less iterations and therefore much shorter development times for our customers.” Carbon Fiber – PET Recycling


Carbon Fiber - PET Recycling

-JV TAIF and Bio-on to create bioplastic production went bankrupt

The Tatarstan Arbitration Court declared bankrupt the joint venture of TAIF Group and the Italian Bio-on – 2Bio JSC, founded in 2018 to create a bioplastic production facility in Tatarstan under the license of an Italian company, Interfax reports.

“Recognize the debtor as bankrupt and open bankruptcy proceedings,” reads the operative part of the court’s decision, issued on January 27. Carbon Fiber – PET Recycling

2Bio filed an application for self-bankruptcy with the Arbitration Court of Tatarstan in June 2022, indicating the amount of debt of 133.8 million rubles.

In November 2022, an application for the inclusion in the register of creditors of 2Bio of claims for the same amount was filed by Kazanorgsintez PJSC, which acts as a creditor of the joint venture.

In the explanations to the financial statements of 2Bio for 2022, it is stated that in 2021 the joint venture learned about the bankruptcy procedure conducted by the Italian court in respect of Bio-On, but the interim managers of Bio-On assured 2Bio of continuing to operate. Carbon Fiber – PET Recycling


Carbon Fiber - PET Recycling

-PET Recycling Coalition awards its first three grants

Resin company DAK Americas, recycled-content thermoforms producer Direct Pack and MRF operator Recycle Source have become the first three recipients of grants from the PET Recycling Coalition.

The Recycling Partnership’s PET Recycling Coalition launched a year ago to provide funding to boost PET recycling in the U.S. Modeled off the group’s Polypropylene Recycling Coalition, the PET counterpart is also funded by a mix of plastic producers and brand owners. Carbon Fiber – PET Recycling

According to a press release from The Recycling Partnership (TRP), the first round of three grants will boost PET packaging capture and processing capacity, and they will unlock access to PET thermoform recycling for the Pittsburgh area.


PET Recycling Coalition awards its first three grants

-Origin Packaging spotlights its robust capabilities and new Eco-Friendly initiatives

Origin Packaging, a leading, family-owned, full-service packaging manufacturer, attributes its success and competitive advantage to its storied 100-year history affording it unparalleled industry knowledge, creative insight, technical expertise, professional networks, and access to world-class resources with a focus on a solutions-oriented, customer-focused approach to packaging. Carbon Fiber – PET Recycling

Origins’ 100-year history in the industry began with the immigration of a successful textile businessman to the United States who made a living selling glass bottles, jars, paper cartons, and later flexible food containers.

Four generations later, Origin now finds itself at the forefront of the packaging industry, manufacturing packaging with a wide variety of materials for a myriad of industries with a distribution of more than 5K SKUs! As times change and life evolves, so does the need for innovative packaging solutions. Carbon Fiber – PET Recycling

With a focus on preserving our planet, Origin is proud to offer a complete collection of cutting-edge, eco-friendly, and compostable packaging solutions in an endless array of sizes, shapes, and materials, ensuring our planet remains green and healthy for generations to come.


Origin Packaging spotlights its robust capabilities and new Eco-Friendly initiatives

-Resin Price Report: Week Marked by Sluggish Trading, Force Majeures

Spot resin activity has been uncharacteristically slow for a January; meanwhile, Ineos and Chevron Phillips wrangle with weather-related disruptions.

Resin buyers stayed stuck in the doldrums last week. Spot resin market activity was slower than a typical January, with completed volumes again below average.

There was some rejuvenated demand, at least for polyethylene (PE), following severe weather and tornados in the greater Houston area. That affected some petrochemical complexes and led one producer to declare another force majeure on PE and polypropylene (PP). Carbon Fiber – PET Recycling

Resin prices were flat to slightly higher at the PlasticsExchange, holding on to gains established earlier in the month, but not advancing further. Fresh resin offers were again thin last week: Very few prime PE and PP railcars have been made available to the domestic spot market this month, although several more groups of lower quality and transitional PE and PP railcars squeezed through, reports the PlasticsExchange in its Market Update. Most producers had already sold out of their spot export availability in early January. Chinese demand then waned ahead of the Lunar New Year, while stronger demand from Latin America picked up some of the slack.

Robust export demand from China is expected to return in early February following the holiday. Carbon Fiber – PET Recycling

Nickel increase for PE contracts could be a stretch

January resin contracts should settle soon. PE producers seem to be relaxing their stance with the softest splitting the increase to $0.05/lb in January and February. Despite a much more balanced supply/demand dynamic after at least four months of significantly reduced resin production, a nickel could still be a big stretch. However, adds the PlasticsExchange, there is a solid chance for implementation of a $0.03/lb increase.

PP contracts will see a large cost-push price increase as it follows polymer-grade propylene (PGP) contracts a dime or so higher.

Producers are also seeking a $0.03/lb margin increase this month, with another $0.06/lb now nominated for February. Carbon Fiber – PET Recycling


Resin Price Report: Week Marked by Sluggish Trading, Force Majeures

Carbon Fiber – PET Recycling

R-PET – Circular polymers 02-02-2023

European thermoplastic prices 02-02-2023

European thermoplastic prices

-Prices under pressure from weak demand and lower costs

In December, European standard thermoplastic prices declined across the board as a result of lower feedstock costs and weak demand. The already weak demand picture was further exacerbated by the short production month and converters reducing stock levels prior to preparation of the end-of-year balance sheet.

Polyethylene prices fell in line with the €25/tonne reductions in the ethylene reference price.  Polypropylene prices were down by just less than the €30/tonne reduction in the propylene reference price. Base PVC prices fell for the eighth month in a row with a reduction of €60/tonne. Polystyrene prices saw a triple-digit reduction following the €132/tonne fall in the styrene monomer reference price.

PET prices declined by a mere €20/tonne as producers’ efforts to reduce stock levels appeared at last to be paying off. European thermoplastic prices

Demand very low

In December, polymer demand continued at a very low level across most end-use markets. While demand has picked up slightly for the food and pharmaceuticals packaging sectors, demand from most other markets is well below normal levels. In December, order activity was further constrained by the short production month and by converters reducing stock levels prior to preparation of their year-end balance sheets.

Supply tight

European producers have trimmed production and brought forward plant maintenance programmes to counteract the low demand. There is however sufficient material available to meet the needs of converters. Supply has also been supported by a steady inflow of imported material. The high European prices and lower freight rates are tempting producers to divert more of their cargoes to Europe.

A selection of the latest production developments is presented below:

Indorama Ventures reported that a fire stopped operations at the San Roque, Spain plant on New Year’s day.  European thermoplastic prices

The company has subsequently announced that they were planning to complete safety protocols and plan to start production of PET and PTA sequentially, reaching full operations by end January

Four PP lines operated by Borealis in Belgium will undergo planned maintenance programmes commencing 2nd February and due to restart 2nd March

Trinseo plans to discontinue styrene production at its 300,000/tonnes/year plant at Böhlen site in Saxony, Germany. The plant is too small and unprofitable on an international scale, the company explained. High gas prices and competition from rivals’ new capacities have exacerbated the situation

A fire at the Versalis site at  Dunkerque, France on the weekend of 10th December has shut down the cracker and also the polyolefin downstream plants

The LyondellBasell cracker in Berre, France, offline since a fire in August 2022, will not go back onstream until early 2023.  European thermoplastic prices

January outlook

While few contract prices had been concluded at time of conducting the prices research during the first week of January, most market observers were expecting European standard thermoplastic price developments to show a mixed picture this month.Polyethylene and polypropylene prices are likely to fall sharply after both ethylene and propylene reference prices settled down by €95/tonne compared to the previous month. PVC prices are also likely to fall in line with the proportionate impact of the lower ethylene price on the PVC cost base.

PS prices, on the other hand, are expected to increase sharply this month following a surge of €115/tonne in the styrene monomer reference price. PET prices are expected to stabilise as costs fall, imports become scarcer and producers maintain strict production controls.

Supply remains tight across all polymer classes while demand should recover gradually as converters restock.

Western European standard thermoplastic prices, €/tonne  European thermoplastic prices


In December, L/LDPE prices fell €20-25/tonne due to the lower ethylene reference price (down €25/tonne), the short production month and very weak demand.

European producers maintained strict production controls and supply was generally low. Imports from the USA and Asia, however, plugged any gaps in the supply position. The already weak demand was made even worse by the short production month and converters not buying additional stock for accounting reasons.

A reduction of €95/tonne for the January ethylene reference cost heralds a sharp reduction for L/LDPE prices at the start of the New Year. While few deals had been concluded at time of writing, most market observers were expecting L/LDPE prices to tumble more or less in line with the lower cost settlement. Demand is likely to pick up slowly while higher imports are supporting supply.


In December, HDPE prices fell due to weak demand and a reduction of €25/tonne for the ethylene reference price.

Blow moulding and blown film grades saw price reductions in the order of €20-25/tonne while injection moulding prices fell by €10/tonne. European thermoplastic prices

Material availability remained tight as producers maintained strict output controls. Any supply gaps was however made up by a steady inflow of imports from Asia.

The very weak demand position was made even worse by the short production month and converters buying the absolute minimum with an eye on their end-of-year stock position.

A reduction of €95/tonne for the January ethylene reference cost heralds a sharp reduction for HDPE prices at the start of the New Year. While few deals had been concluded at time of writing, most market observers were expecting HDPE prices to tumble more or less in line with the lower cost settlement. Demand is likely to pick up slowly while higher imports will support supply. European thermoplastic prices


PP prices fell by €20/tonne in December as a result of weak demand and a reduction of €30/tonne for the propylene reference price.

Supply remained tight due to planned and unplanned plant maintenance turnarounds and the maintenance of strict production curbs. Any supply gaps were however adequately filled by a steady inflow of imports from Asia. The very weak demand position was exacerbated by the short production month and converters buying the absolute minimum with an eye on their end-of-year stock position.

A reduction of €95/tonne for the January propylene reference price heralds a sharp reduction for PP prices at the start of the New Year. While few deals had been concluded at time of writing, most market observers were expecting PP prices to tumble more or less in line with the lower propylene cost settlement. Demand is likely to pick up slowly while higher imports will support supply.


In December, base PVC prices declined €60/tonne compared to the previous month while flexible and rigid PVC compound prices slipped just €40-45/tonne as additive costs fell slightly.  European thermoplastic prices

Material availability was adequate despite some planned plant maintenance turnarounds and strict production controls as any supply gaps were adequately filled by a steady inflow of imports from Asia. The very weak demand position was exacerbated by the short production month and converters buying the absolute minimum with an eye on their end-of-year stock position.

PVC prices remain under pressure in January as a result of the sharp €95/tonne reduction in the ethylene reference price and competition from inexpensive Asian imports. While few deals had been concluded at time of writing, most market observers were expecting base PVC prices to fall more or less in line with the lower cost base.


In December, polystyrene producers were not prepared to give away more than a part of the €132/tonne reduction for the styrene monomer reference price due to rising energy costs. GPPS prices dipped by just over €100/tonne with HIPS prices down by €95/tonne.

Supply remains tight due to production cuts, yet there was sufficient material to meet the low demand.

Demand was weak because of the short production month and converters keeping an eye on stock levels for year-end accounting reasons. European thermoplastic prices

The January styrene monomer reference price settlement soared by €115/tonne due to tight supply and a surge in benzene costs. PS prices are expected to increase sharply this month and major producer have announced planned price hikes of €120-150/tonne. Supply remains tight while demand is expected to pick up as converters begin to replenish their inventories.


The European PET market returned to calmer waters in December following the turmoil of the previous month. PET prices fell by around €20/tonne last month compared to a €40/tonne reduction for the November paraxylene contract price.

PET producers attempts to curb production and stabilise supply appears to be working as producers’ inventories finally moved downwards. There was also fewer competitively-priced Asian imports available last month.

PET demand was very low as December, a traditionally a weak month for beverage bottle production. European thermoplastic prices

There are signs that the European PET market may be about to turn a corner in January after the recent turbulence. PET prices are expected to stabilise as costs fall, imports become scarcer and producers maintain strict production controls. As demand reached rock bottom last month, producers are more optimistic about a gradual recovery in order activity.


European thermoplastic prices

European thermoplastic prices

Bioplastics Benefits – rPET-Fabric 01-02-2023



R-PET – Circular polymers 02-02-2023

R-PET – Circular polymers

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-SIBUR ceased to be a co-owner of the Italian Manucor

SIBUR has ceased to be a co-owner of the Italian manufacturer of BOPP film Manucor S.p.A., follows from the materials of the Italian company, according to Vedomosti.

Manucor indicates that the agreement was completed on January 16, as a result of which Biaxplen, a member of SIBUR, withdrew from its shareholders.

The owner of 5% of Manucor was the company L&M S.p.A., specially created by the head of Manucor Luigi Scagliotti and the chairman of the board of directors of the company Matteo Rossini. Another shareholder, Loren SPV S.r.l., increased its stake to 95%. The amount of the transaction is not specified.

SIBUR acquired 50% of Manucor, which is one of the leading BOPP film manufacturers in the EU, in 2019.

Manucor explains that the deal was carried out in connection with geopolitical tensions related to military operations in Ukraine.

Earlier it was reported that in the autumn of last year, Biaxplen (part of SIBUR Holding) began developing new types of BOPP films (biaxially-oriented films made of polypropylene) in order to meet the changing needs of customers.

Also, Biaxplen modernized the extrusion lines produced by the German Bruckner, designed for the production of biaxially-oriented film (BOPP film).

Manucor was established in 1987. Until 2008, it was called Manulifilm S.p.A. The company owns a plant in Italy with a capacity of 100 thousand tons per year.

Biaxplen is a leading manufacturer of biaxially oriented films (BOPP) in Russia.

SIBUR ceased to be a co-owner of the Italian Manucor

-Recyclable materials for cars with additive specialties from Evonik

  • Evonik supports BMW’s “Future Sustainable Car Materials (FSCM)” project with its plastics specialty chemicals expertise
  • Consortium of top-class industrial and scientific partners pools know-how for circular solutions in vehicle production
  • German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection (BMWK) supports the project

A consortium of 19 leading industrial companies and research institutes, including the BMW Group, Evonik, Thyssenkrupp, the Fraunhofer Institute, and the Technical University of Munich, has set itself the goal of developing new processes for using sustainable materials for circular automotive production. Evonik is contributing its expertise in plastics and additives for recycling to the project. The project, which is funded for three years by the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Climate Protection (BMWK), was launched at the end of last year.


R-PET - Circular polymers

-Shinkong and Mitsubishi plan to increase R-PET capacity in Taiwan

Thai Shinkong Industry Corporation (TSIC), which is a joint venture between Taiwan’s Shinkong and Japan’s Mitsubishi, will hike the nameplate capacity of its recycled polyethylene terephthalate (R-PET) facility in Thailand, said the company.

As more customers and business partners have expressed buying interest for the materials, TSIC increased output to 140,000 tonnes/year from the initially planned 70,000 tonnes/year. R-PET – Circular polymers

The plant will use the Uhde Inventa-Fischer (UIF) flakes-to-resin (FTR) technology to use R-PET flakes, combined with purified terephthalic acid (PTA) and mono-ethylene glycol (MEG) to produce chemically recycled R-PET pellets.

Previously encountering delays due to the surge of COVID-19 cases in Thailand in the past years, the facility is expected to commence production by end-February to April.

Although the facility will not directly compete for post-consumer bales from the local market, it will secure R-PET flakes which would indirectly hike demand for bales.

We remind, Mitsubishi Chemical Group Corporation announced the start of labormanagement consultation on cessation of the production of methacrylates (MMA) at Mitsubishi Chemical UK’s Cassel, said the company. Site, and announced today that its Corporate Executive Officers Committee resolved in the day to cease the production of methacrylates at its Cassel Site subject to completion of the labor-management consultation. R-PET – Circular polymers


R-PET - Circular polymers

-Prices under pressure from weak demand and lower costs

In December, European standard thermoplastic prices declined across the board as a result of lower feedstock costs and weak demand. The already weak demand picture was further exacerbated by the short production month and converters reducing stock levels prior to preparation of the end-of-year balance sheet.

Polyethylene prices fell in line with the €25/tonne reductions in the ethylene reference price.  Polypropylene prices were down by just less than the €30/tonne reduction in the propylene reference price. Base PVC prices fell for the eighth month in a row with a reduction of €60/tonne. Polystyrene prices saw a triple-digit reduction following the €132/tonne fall in the styrene monomer reference price.

PET prices declined by a mere €20/tonne as producers’ efforts to reduce stock levels appeared at last to be paying off. R-PET – Circular polymers


R-PET - Circular polymers

-Alpla PET recycling joint venture successfully started up

Romanian facility supplies 18,000 tonnes of rPET per year

After a construction time of nine months and investment of around 7.5 million euros, Austrian plastics manufacturer and recycler Alpla, together with its partners Ecohelp SRL (Romania) and United Polymer Trading AG (Switzerland), have started production at their joint recycling plant in Targu Mures, Romania. The plant, located adjacent to the existing Ecohelp site in Targu Mures, has an annual capacity of around 18,000 tonnes of post-consumer-recycled PET (rPET) per year and aims to supply the southeast European market with food-grade rPET. The project has led to the creation of around 20 new jobs.

The joint venture partners will host the official opening ceremony on 4 May 2023.

“The growing importance of local recycling processes calls for increased commitment in the region. Together with our partners, we combine strengths, increase the processing quality of the recycled PET material and ensure the long-term supply of the southeast European market,’ said Georg Lässer, Director Business Development, Procurement and Sales Recycling at Alpla. R-PET – Circular polymers

With the first rPET extrusion line in operation, already, the potential for expansion is being explored, as the plant has space for a second extrusion line, which would double capacity.

The present joint venture was established in autumn 2021, with each partner bringing to the venture their own specific skill set. Alpla is contributing its many years of expertise as a global recycling specialist and packaging manufacturer to the partnership; in the case of United Polymer Trading (UPT), the endeavour is benefitting from that company’s  extensive distribution network for plastics and recycled material. Locally-based Ecohelp supplies the input material in the form of recycled PET flakes from PET bottles from household waste. The food-grade rPET granulate obtained from this process then serves as the starting material for new preforms and bottles.

The facility fills a gap in the market for high-quality recycled material in Romania and neighbouring countries, according to Mihail Moloiu, General Manager at PET Recycling Team Targu Mures. In addition, the new recycling plant has created around 20 new jobs.

Alpla is investing 50 million euros a year until 2025 in the ongoing expansion of its recycling activities and promotion of complete recycling in as many parts of the world as possible. In total, the annual production capacity of Alpla’s recycling companies and collaborations around the world amounts to approximately 203,000 tonnes of rPET and 74,000 tonnes of rHDPE. R-PET – Circular polymers


Alpla PET recycling joint venture successfully started up

-Rising emphasis on single-use plastics management and recycling activities to increase circular polymers demand

Global circular polymers industry is expected to be valued at around $8 billion by 2032, according to estimates from a Global Market Insights Inc. report

Circular systems market is gaining massive attention with businesses across the globe seeking to solve the plastic conundrum and limit the use of synthetic polymers with serious environmental impacts. The popularity of recycled or circular polymers is further slated to increase, considering the strong global focus on curbing the usage of single-use plastics. R-PET – Circular polymers

Additionally, there has been increased spending on plastic recycling plants globally. For instance, in October 2021, Trex announced an investment of $400 million in a polyethylene (PE) recycling and production site at the Little Rock Port. Initiatives such as these could bolster the productivity of circular economy polymers developers.

Increasing acceptance for sustainable agriculture and packaging approaches may boost interest in circular polymer solutions

Plastics have become an indispensable part of industries like agriculture to reduce crop loss and enhance production, among other applications. Agricultural plastics are, however, emerging as a threat to environmental sustainability. These factors are stimulating the adoption of eco-friendly alternatives, such as circular polymer materials, in the agricultural sector. Based on data from Global Market Insights Inc., the agriculture segment accounted for above 10% of the circular polymers industry share in 2021.

Apart from agriculture, the packaging industry is one of the major end-users of recycled polymers. For example, The Coca-Cola Company has committed to making all plastic bottles reusable, recyclable, and compostable by 2025. Furthermore, there has been a shifting consumer preference, with sustainable packaging emerging as a vital part of shopping experiences. R-PET – Circular polymers

Based on a Drapers’ report, 64% of UK consumers are more likely to purchase goods from retailers that offer sustainable packaging. Moreover, 50% of the consumers are willing to pay more for this type of packaging. Factors like these could bolster the use of quality circular polymers for packaging applications.

Circular polymers to gain traction amid a potential increase in polyethylene and auto parts recycling in Europe

Regions like Europe have the potential to expand the recycling capabilities of polymers such as polyethylene. Plastics Recyclers Europe, for example, has observed great potential in recycling PE, which is one of the most processed plastics at over 9 million tons per year in the EU. With the increasing expenditure on packaging solutions due to the booming e-commerce, the recycling rate of polymers could increase, generating a favorable outlook for the circular polymers industry.

Meanwhile, Schumacher Packaging Group has announced plans to invest nearly $736 million between 2021 and 2025, with over $315.4 million earmarked for investment in Germany alone, which could contribute to the rising popularity of circular polymers as a packaging material. Several EU legislations have also emphasized the use of recycled auto parts as a sustainability solution in the region. With over 65 million new cars being sold per year worldwide, reusing and recycling plastic auto parts has become an important element in the fight against pollution, thus bolstering the circular polymers market outlook. R-PET – Circular polymers


Rising emphasis on single-use plastics management and recycling activities to increase circular polymers demand

-NexKemia acquires Quebec-based polystyrene recycler Eco-Captation

Canada-based expandable polystyrene manufacturer NexKemia has finalized the purchase of Eco-Captation, a prominent polystyrene waste collection and recycling company in Prévost, Quebec.

Eco-Captation is a recycler of polystyrene wastes in Quebec and has a special focus on post-consumer recycled materials. R-PET – Circular polymers

The company combines artificial intelligence-enhanced optical sorting technology with a seamless mechanical recycling process to convert plastic waste into high-quality raw materials made with post-consumer recycled material.

“We are proud to be welcoming Eco-Captation into the Integreon family, and look forward to growing as we learn from their substantial recycling expertise,” says Maurice Barakat, president and chairman of Integreon Global. “We are excited to employ technology to reduce the carbon footprint of the packaging and insulation solutions developed for customers.”

For NexKemia, Eco-Captation will become an integral part of developing an end-to-end circular model for EPS solutions.

“Scaling up Eco-Captation’s technologies will allow NexKemia to rapidly grow our capacity for sustainable expandable polystyrene (EPS) solutions that incorporate a significant percentage of post-consumer recycled material,” says Pierre Beaudry, general manager of NexKemia. R-PET – Circular polymers

The agreement represents another step for NexKemia as a mechanical recycling hub. The products resulting from the Eco-Captation acquisition will be used by NexKemia and its parent company, Integreon Global, in day-to-day applications where sustainability and circularity elements are essential, including high-performance cold chain packaging solutions and construction material.


NexKemia acquires Quebec-based polystyrene recycler Eco-Captation

R-PET – Circular polymers

Bioplastics Benefits – rPET-Fabric 01-02-2023

Bioplastics Benefits – rPET-Fabric 01-02-2023

Bioplastics Benefits – rPET-Fabric

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

-Further success for Q-Cycle by Fulgar

More and more players interested in the revolutionary yarn as new certification is obtained.

Q-Cycle by Fulgar is proving to be a resounding success in an increasingly sustainable, circular and 100% European supply chain, according to Italian producer Fulgar. The result of an innovative chemical recycling technology where the raw material required for the production of yarn has been replaced by pyrolisis oil from waste end-of-life tyres, Q-Cycle is said to offer the same functional and aesthetic benefits as a virgin polyamide – light weight, endurance and resistance – but with a green plus.

The revolutionary yarn has taken its place at the forefront of developments in this field, attracting intense from across the market, including international brands that are becoming increasingly aware of the importance of eco-design, Fulgar says. Now, the Castelgoffredo based business adds, Q-Cycle is even more reliable, a quality recognised by most recent certification it has been awarded – ISCC PLUS – which guarantees sustainability, traceability and mass balance standards for the entire production system. This label is complemented by the LCA (Life Cycle Assessment) supply chain environmental impact study that indicates a significant reduction in CO2 emissions compared to conventional synthetic yarns.

The yarn also conforms to Oeko-Tex Std Class Il Std 100 Appendix 6 certification, a unique certification and monitoring standard in textile raw materials, semi-finished and end product sectors, identifying products that present no risks to consumer health.

“We’re very happy with this innovative product, which is enjoying great market success. We’re also pleased to have obtained ISCC Plus certification. All these internationally certificates validate what we are doing and declaring in terms of transparency and traceability. In this way brands approach us with greater ease and confidence, and we, at the same time, can use our skills and expertise to support them more effectively”, says Daniela Antunes, Marketing Manager of Fulgar.

Q-Cycle will be taking centre stage from 31 January to 2 February at Milano Unica, appearing in collections from some of the most important players in the textile supply chain, including Borgini, Brugnoli, Gipitex, Lemar, Luxury Jersey, Olmetex and Serates.


Further success for Q-Cycle by Fulgar

-Fabrics Made Out of Recycled Plastic

Freudenberg Performance Materials’ Evolon® has just taken another significant step forward in the reduction of its carbon footprint. Already designed to be durable, reusable, and versatile, the fabric, which is used in packaging, cleaning and home furnishings is now being made from used consumer PET bottles.

Freudenberg Performance Materials has recently substituted virgin PET with recycled polyethylene terephthalate (PET), which is produced internally from plastic bottles.

In an interview with DirectIndustry, Achraf Khedimi, Head of Global Sales Evolon®, explains: Bioplastics Benefits – rPET-Fabric

“This conserves resources and decreases the company’s environmental footprint. As a consequence, the cradle-to-gate carbon footprint of Evolon® packaging textile materials has decreased by 35%.”


Bioplastics Benefits - rPET-Fabric

-Demand for PET remains low in the US

Demand for polyethylene terephthalate (PET) in the United States at the beginning of the year is low due to high inventories in the market, according to ICIS.

However, demand is expected to increase after the Lunar New Year celebrations in preparation for the peak summer season, which is likely to put upward pressure on prices.

The Asian PET market is already seeing an increase in spot prices for different types of PET as a result of higher costs for raw materials, including monoethylene glycol (MEG), the cost of which increased by more than USD20 per ton compared to last week.

In the domestic market, there has been a rise in commodity prices, and MEG producers continue to try to restart their factories after the winter storm Elliot.

One manufacturer has announced force majeure and it is expected that it will not work for several weeks. Bioplastics Benefits – rPET-Fabric

Earlier it was reported that domestic spot prices of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) for the production of bottles in Thailand increased due to rising prices for purified terephthalic acid (TPA) and monoethylene glycol (MEG). Thus, domestic spot offers for Thai bottled PET increased by an average of 1 Thai baht (THB) per kg and were at the level of 36.5 THB per kg, DEL (with delivery) for the week ended January 20. For comparison, in the week ended January 13, price offers were at the level of 35-36 baht per kg, DEL.

According to the ScanPlast review, in January-November 2022, the estimated consumption of PET in Russia amounted to 758.69 thousand tons, which corresponds to consumption for the same period a year earlier. Compared with November 2021, total estimated consumption increased by 4% and amounted to 78.77 thousand tons against 75.44 thousand tons last year.  Bioplastics Benefits – rPET-Fabric

DAK Americas, Indorama, Nan Ya Plastics Corporation and Far Eastern New Century (FENC) are PET manufacturers in the United States.

Bioplastics Benefits - rPET-Fabric

-Electric cars, range increases by 15 percent with heated seat belts

Let’s start with a fact: during the winter electric cars can lose up to 30% of their range, and this for two reasons. On the one hand because the batteries work optimally between 20 and 40 degrees, and as soon as the first sub-zero temperatures arrive they need to be recharged at shorter intervals. Bioplastics Benefits – rPET-Fabric

On the other hand, the heat in the passenger compartment is entrusted to the air conditioning system, which in turn “sucks” energy from the batteries themselves. Indeed, in electric cars the heating system cannot draw on the residual heat of the internal combustion engine, as is the case in petrol or diesel cars.

So how to do? Here is the idea of ​​ZF, the German multinational manufacturer of components for the transport industry: very normal seat belts that give off heat using the same principle as the thermal blanket. A gimmick capable of drastically reducing the use of the air conditioning system, especially if used in combination with the heated seats. Not only. The electricity saved would, according to ZF, make the car gain 15% more autonomy.

The “heated belts” – baptized by the parent company “Heat Belt” – work thanks to very small conductors woven directly into the structure of the belt. The contact elements for the electric heating circuits are positioned in such a way as not to interfere with the rewinder. ” For the occupants there is no difference compared to a normal belt”, explains Martina Rausch, project manager. “And of course the Heat Belts guarantee the same level of safety as the normal belts we know”. Bioplastics Benefits – rPET-Fabric

ZF let it be known that mass production is practically ready, because the very thin structure of the conductors has in no way modified the thickness of the tape, which can therefore take the place of all the old generation belts. Only one question would remain, if we wanted to be picky: and during the summer? Even if the batteries work optimally in the heat, it is nevertheless impossible not to use the air conditioning system, to the detriment of the car’s autonomy. Or maybe they are already thinking about cooling belts?


Bioplastics Benefits - rPET-Fabric

-EU’s economic growth to slow down to 0.2% in 2023: UN

Economic output in the European Union (EU) is expected to grow by only 0.2 per cent in 2023 as the region battles an energy and cost-of-living crisis that was aggravated by the war in Ukraine, as per a recent UN report. This year’s sharp slowdown comes after a surprisingly strong expansion of 3.3 per cent in 2022, when further relaxation of COVID-19 mobility restrictions and pent-up demand boosted spending on contact-intensive services even as inflation soared. Bioplastics Benefits – rPET-Fabric

In 2024, growth in the EU is forecast to accelerate to 1.6 per cent on the back of stronger internal demand and a more benign global environment. The current crisis is derailing growth at a time when several European economies are yet to recover their pre-COVID-19 output level. In the third quarter of 2022, GDP was 2.6 per cent above the pre-COVID-19 level in the European Union, but 0.4 per cent below in the United Kingdom, and 2 per cent below in Spain, according to the United Nations World Economic Situation and Prospects (WESP) 2023 report.

The tepid global economic prospects also threaten the achievement of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), when the 2023 SDG Summit in September marks the mid-point of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda.

“This is not the time for short-term thinking or knee-jerk fiscal austerity that exacerbates inequality, increases suffering, and could put the SDGs farther out of reach. These unprecedented times demand unprecedented action,” said António Guterres, United Nations secretary-general. Bioplastics Benefits – rPET-Fabric

“This action includes a transformative SDG stimulus package, generated through the collective and concerted efforts of all stakeholders.”


EU's economic growth to slow down to 0.2% in 2023: UN

-Don’t Overestimate Bioplastics’ Benefits

Bioplastics may avoid some of the issues associated with non-biodegradable fossil fuel­–derived plastics, but they’re no panacea.

Plastics produced from plants are often considered less environmentally damaging than plastics made from petrochemicals. But scientists are warning that we should be careful making such assumptions. 

A new literature review examining the results of around 20 scientific papers has found that bio-based plastics, most of which are made from cornstarch, can be just as toxic as their conventional cousins when dumped in coastal environments.

The review also shows that plastics marked as biodegradable often fail to break down in these environments. Bioplastics Benefits – rPET-Fabric

The paper highlights the lack of research into the environmental toxicity of bioplastics. The authors write that, for now at least, regulations on bioplastics need to be as tight as those for petroleum-based polymers.

Bioplastics-Benefits - biodegradable

-Commencement of Commercial Production at new BOPET plant in Telangana

Ester Industries Limited, India’s leading manufacturer of Polyester Films and Specialty Polymers announced that its wholly owned subsidiary Ester Filmtech Limited has commenced commercial production at new Polyester (BOPET) film manufacturing plant in the State of Telangana.

Spread over 50 acres, the 48,000 MTPA unit has been set up at an approximate cost of Rs. 650 crore (including margin money for working capital and GST accumulation). The plant is expected to generate revenues worth approximately Rs.600 crore upon achieving optimal utilization.  Bioplastics Benefits – rPET-Fabric

Commenting on the development, Mr. Arvind Singhania, Chairman, Ester Industries said “The commissioning of the new unit takes us one step closer in our journey towards transforming Ester into a leading local and global BOPET film manufacturer by offering best-in-class innovative and sustainable products. The new unit provides us the requisite scale and capabilities to help meet the growing BOPET market both in India and overseas offering a range of standard and value added products”

Commencement of Commercial Production at new BOPET plant in Telangana

Bioplastics Benefits – rPET-Fabric


Recyclable-Compostable-Plastic 31-01-2023

Fabrics Made Recycled Plastic 01-02-2023

Fabrics Made Recycled Plastic

-Fabrics Made Out of Recycled Plastic

Freudenberg Performance Materials’ Evolon® has just taken another significant step forward in the reduction of its carbon footprint. Already designed to be durable, reusable, and versatile, the fabric, which is used in packaging, cleaning and home furnishings is now being made from used consumer PET bottles.

Freudenberg Performance Materials has recently substituted virgin PET with recycled polyethylene terephthalate (PET), which is produced internally from plastic bottles.

In an interview with DirectIndustry, Achraf Khedimi, Head of Global Sales Evolon®, explains: Fabrics Made Recycled Plastic

“This conserves resources and decreases the company’s environmental footprint. As a consequence, the cradle-to-gate carbon footprint of Evolon® packaging textile materials has decreased by 35%.”

Recyclable Materials

Freudenberg Performance Materials can be traced back to the 1940s when the company created the Vileda window cloth made from recycled leather waste through a dry-laid nonwoven process.

In the early 1990s, it was a European pioneer in recycling PET bottles for the production of polyester and polyester nonwovens.

Today Freudenberg takes a two-pronged approach to sustainability, says Mr. Khedimi.

“The first is to minimize its footprint by using energy and materials efficiently. The second is to maximize its handprint by providing sustainable products and services to its customers and helping them to be more sustainable.” Fabrics Made Recycled Plastic

Technical Packaging

Originally used for high-tech surface cleaning by industries such as automotive and aerospace that appreciated the level of surface preservation offered by its fine, dense microfilaments, Evolon® was first produced in 1999. Now it has a multiplicity of uses, Mr. Khedimi says.

“Technical packaging is another important application of Evolon®. The fabrics offer scratch-free, lint-free, high-end surface protection for molded plastic parts of different sizes and weights, painted parts and other sensitive industrial and automotive parts during transport. They are then suitable for returnable packaging of sensitive parts, such as textile dunnage pouches or work-in-progress containers, separation sheets, textile hanging bags or metal tower rack systems.” Fabrics Made Recycled Plastic

Evolon® has a variety of other applications in different industries too, such as home furnishings, leather goods, acoustics, filtration and printing.

Sustainable Manufacturing

The product’s manufacturing process consists of bi-component filament spinning and bonding through high pressure water jets.

No solvent, chemical binder, silicone or PVC is used, he explains. The water in the process is internally recycled and reused in a close loop.

Raw materials are conserved, in part because the fabrics are lighter than conventional products for similar function, but also now because of the use of recycled PET which is produced internally from post-consumer plastic bottles.

Closing the Loop

In most of its applications Evolon® fabrics are also durable, reusable and high-wash resistant,  Mr. Khedimi adds: Fabrics Made Recycled Plastic

“As regards the end-of-life of the product, Freudenberg Performance Materials works together with some of its key customers. The aim is to set-up circularity, including the collection of used materials by its customers for recycling and possible re-use in the manufacturing process.”

Freudenberg Performance Materials is continually striving to improve its sustainability handprint, he stresses. The company said they would soon launch new packaging fabrics to provide mechanical performance similar to PVC but without the use of PVC.

“Another example is a new two-in-one product which combines an electrostatic discharge (ESD) feature and scratch-sensitive surface protection for the packaging of high-end parts with electronic components. Our research and development team works hand-in-hand with customers to tune its packaging fabrics to the new market needs.”

Fabrics Made Recycled Plastic


Fabrics Made Recycled Plastic

Recyclable-Compostable-Plastic 31-01-2023

Recyclable-Compostable-Plastic 31-01-2023


Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend

-Radici in Plastindia with a wider offer

In addition to the compounds already in its catalogue, the Bergamo-based group offers the technopolymers acquired from Ester Industries, which will be produced locally in the new plant.

On the occasion of Plastindia, scheduled in New Delhi from 1 to 5 February, the Radici group takes stock of its activities in India, where it operates through RadiciGroup High Performance Polymers.

The company, which will exhibit at the Indian fair, is completing the construction of a new production plant in Halol, in the province of Gujarat, the result of the acquisition of the engineering plastics activities of Ester Industries, which took place last autumn (see article). Recyclable-Compostable-Plastic

Once completed, the factory will be equipped with compounding lines and R&D laboratories, allowing the Bergamo-based group to more closely monitor the Indian market, where it has been present with commercial structures since 2006. The Radici compounds are thus joined by the Estoplast range acquired by Ester Industries, also including flame retardant products, certified UL 94.



-Why hydrogen cars are not the answer

Imagine an electric car which has a range of 400 miles, can be refuelled almost as fast as a petrol or diesel car yet emits only water. Those are the upsides of a hydrogen fuel cell car (known as a fuel cell electric vehicle, or FCEV). So why aren’t they everywhere?

There is a dedicated core of FCEV supporters who insist that hydrogen-powered EVs are better than battery-powered EVs, and that the world is crazy for ignoring them. Unfortunately, a hydrogen fuel cell offers few advantages over a battery, with several deal-breaking disadvantages. Recyclable-Compostable-Plastic



-China’s battery maker CATL plans $3.5 billion new project

Chinese battery giant CATL plans to build a new project to recover waste batteries and make lithium materials, with investment of up to 23.8 billion yuan ($3.5 billion), the company said on Sunday. Recyclable-Compostable-Plastic

Guangdong Bangpu Recycling Technology Co Ltd – a unit of CATL – will invest and build the facilities in Foshan city in Guangdong province, CATL said in a statement.

The project will have a capacity of recovering 500,000 tonnes of waste battery materials and make lithium iron materials and other materials, the company said.



-Archroma starts the FiberColors* revolution

Pratteln, Switzerland, 26 January 2023 – With the Earth population reaching 8 billion in November 2022, the need to address the issue of textile waste becomes more critical.

According to, 92 million tons of textile waste is produced every year, a number that is expected to soar to 134 million tons by the end of the decade. Around 85% of all textiles discarded in the US are said to end up in landfills, leading to land and water pollution impacting first and foremost local communities.


Archroma starts the FiberColors* revolution

-EU trade with Russia declined strongly

EU trade with Russia has been strongly affected following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, with the EU imposing import and export restrictions on several products. The effects of these measures have been particularly visible in the latest months.

Considering seasonally adjusted values, both exports and imports dropped considerably below the levels prior to Russia’s invasion. Russia’s share in extra-EU imports fell from 6.4% to 3.8% between February 2022 and September 2022. Over the same period, extra-EU exports to Russia dropped from 2.3% to 1.1%. The EU’s trade deficit with Russia, peaked in March 2022 at €19.6 billion. It then progressively decreased and in September 2022 stood at €9.7 billion.. Recyclable-Compostable-Plastic

When looking at Russia’s share in extra-EU imports for six key products, a strong decline is visible for coal, natural gas, petroleum oil, fertilisers, and iron & steel, while for nickel the share increased slightly. In particular, the highest drops have been recorded for coal (from 45% in 2021 to 13% in the third quarter of 2022), natural gas (from 36 % to 18 %), fertilisers (from 29% to 17%) and iron & steel (from 16% to 5%).

EU trade with Russia declined strongly


EU trade with Russia declined strongly

-Dow is cutting about 2,000 jobs, or 5% of workforce

Materials science company Dow is cutting about 2,000 jobs, or approximately 5% of its global workforce, as part of an effort to reach $1 billion in cost savings this year.

The Midland, Michigan-based company currently employs approximately 37,800 people.

Dow Inc. will take a charge of $550 million to $725 million in the first quarter. This mostly includes severance and related benefit costs; costs related to exit and disposal activities and asset write-downs and write-offs. Dow did not provide specifics but said it would evaluate assets with a focus on Europe. Recyclable-Compostable-Plastic

The company also reported a fourth-quarter profit of $613 million, or 85 cents per share. Its adjusted profit was 46 cents per share, below the 57 cents per share that analysts surveyed by Zacks Investment Research were calling for.

Revenue totaled $11.86 billion, missing Wall Street’s estimate of $12.03 billion.

“In the fourth quarter, Team Dow continued to proactively navigate slowing global growth, challenging energy markets, and destocking,” Jim Fitterling, chairman and CEO, said in a statement. “In response, we shifted our focus to cash generation in the quarter as we lowered operating rates, implemented cost-savings measures, and prioritized higher-value products where demand remained resilient.

Shares fell 3% before the market open.


Dow is cutting about 2,000 jobs, or 5% of workforce

-Easily Recyclable and Compostable – A New Plastic With Excellent Mechanical Stability

Researchers at the University of Konstanz have developed a new plastic that is highly stable, biodegradable, and readily recyclable.

How can plastics be designed so that they maintain their useful properties while also being more easily recyclable? Chemist Stefan Mecking and his research group at the University of Konstanz are focused on studying eco-friendly solutions for plastics. In their recent paper in the international edition of Angewandte Chemie, the team introduces a new polyester that exhibits material properties that are suitable for industrial use and environmentally responsible. Recyclable-Compostable-Plastic

Normally hardly compatible

Plastics are made of long chains of one or several chemical basic modules, so-called monomers. Plastics distinguished by high crystallinity and water repellency, therefore mechanically highly resilient and stable, are widely used. A well-known example is high-density polyethylene (HDPE), whose basic modules consist of non-polar hydrocarbon molecules. What may on the one side be advantageous properties for applications can also have adverse effects: It is very energy intensive and inefficient to recycle such plastics and recover the basic modules. Also, if such plastics leak into the environment, the degradation process is extremely long.


Easily Recyclable and Compostable – A New Plastic With Excellent Mechanical Stability


Recycled-Plastics – Lithium-batteries 30-01-2023

Petrochemicals – PX-PTA-PET – rPET 30-01-2023

Petrochemicals – PX-PTA-PET – rPET

Petrochemicals - PX-PTA-PET - rPET

ITEM 23/01/2023 30/01/2023 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 7,350 yuan/ton 7,475 yuan/ton +125
Bottle grade PET chips export market 995 $/ton 1,010 $/ton +15
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 6,650 yuan/ton 6,740 yuan/ton +90
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 6,750 yuan/ton 6,840 yuan/ton +90
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market 5,790 yuan/ton 5,770 yuan/ton -20
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 800 $/ton 810 $/ton +10
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 4,310 yuan/ton 4,350 yuan/ton +40
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 538 $/ton 540 $/ton +2
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market 1,041 $/ton 1,076 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 1,018 $/ton 1,053 $/ton +35
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,231 $/ton 1,266 $/ton +35
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 7,475 yuan/ton 7,600 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,150 yuan/ton 7,350 yuan/ton +200
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 8,700 yuan/ton 8,850 yuan/ton +150
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F

Petrochemicals – PX-PTA-PET – rPET

8,700 yuan/ton 8,850 yuan/ton +150
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 8,200 yuan/ton 8,350 yuan/ton +150
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,500 yuan/ton 7,580 yuan/ton +80
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 12,400 yuan/ton 12,900 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,600 $/ton 1,700 $/ton +100
Nylon6 chips overseas  market 1,870 $/ton 1,870 $/ton
Nylon6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 13,050 yuan/ton 13,700 yuan/ton +650
Nylon6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market 13,100 yuan/ton 13,250 yuan/ton +150
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market 21,000 yuan/ton 21,000 yuan/ton
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 15,400 yuan/ton 15,550 yuan/ton +150
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 17,650 yuan/ton 17,800 yuan/ton- +150
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  15,800 yuan/ton 16,450 yuan/ton +650
Spandex 20D  domestic  market 38,500 yuan/ton 40,000 yuan/ton +1,500
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 36,000 yuan/ton 37,500 yuan/ton
Spandex 40D  domestic  market 33,000 yuan/ton 34,500 yuan/ton +1,500
Adipic Acid domestic market 10,600 yuan/ton 11,000 yuan/ton +400
Benzene domestic market

Petrochemicals – PX-PTA-PET – rPET

6,920 yuan/ton 7,130 yuan/ton +210
Benzene overseas  market 924 $/ton 991 $/ton +67
Ethylene South East market 840 $/ton 840 $/ton
Ethylene NWE market 825 $/ton 825 $/ton
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market 9,900 yuan/ton 10,200 yuan/ton +300
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market 1,500 $/ton 1,500 $/tn
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 16,600 yuan/ton 16,600 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 12,900 yuan/ton 13,000 yuan/ton +100
PP Powder domestic market
7,630 yuan/ton 8,050 yuan/ton +420
Naphtha overseas market  686 $/ton 712 $/ton
Phenol domestic market 7,540 yuan/ton 7,940 yuan/ton +400

Petrochemicals – PX-PTA-PET – rPET

Recycled-Plastics – Lithium-batteries 30-01-2023

Recycled-Plastics – Lithium-batteries

Petrochemicals – PX-PTA-PET – rPET


Recycled-Plastics - Lithium-batteries

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend

-Chemically Recycled Plastics Hitch a Ride in Auto Applications

Business intel firm IDTechEx explores markets where chemically recycled plastics have a growing foothold.

Chemical recycling of end-of-life plastics has its champions and its critics. IDTechEx does not believe advanced recycling solutions are the much-promised silver bullet, nor does it think they have no role to play in a circular economy. As pyrolysis and depolymerization projects ramp up, one question is where the recycled material will be used?

IDTechEx has published a new report — “Chemical Recycling and Dissolution of Plastics 2023–2033” — replete with company appraisals, technology analysis, and independent market forecasts. The report profiles six main areas looking to adopt chemically recycled products. Recycled-Plastics – Lithium-batteries

Overall, IDTechEx forecasts that pyrolysis and depolymerization plants will recycle more than 20 million tonnes/year of plastic waste by 2033.

One key application area, according to IDTechEx, is the automotive industry. There are two aspects to the role of chemical recycling: First, making use of automotive shredder residue (ASR), and second, generating recycled plastics that have properties capable of replacing fossil-based incumbents. Automotive-grade resins have been launched by the likes of Sabic and Repsol and projects involving USCAR and Eastman, JLR and BASF, and others in this space. In terms of those further along toward commercialization, in 2022 Audi announced a seatbelt buckle for the Q8 e-Tron in collaboration with LyondellBasell, while Mercedes-Benz put into series production a door handle that uses pyrolysis oil from end-of-life tires developed with Pyrum and BASF. Expect to see several more announcements in 2023 and beyond.

Electronics potential

Although less reported, an emerging opportunity lies in the electronics space, mainly for polycarbonate (PC) or PC/ABS (acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene) blends. Electronic devices are like every other industry in facing pressure to incorporate more recycled material, but much like clothing, consumer-facing premium brands can also benefit from promoting their sustainability credentials. Recycled-Plastics – Lithium-batteries

Mechanically recycled PC is known to be commonly incorporated, although sourcing-related challenges often surface. Several emerging examples of PC derived from pyrolysis oil exist, including materials from Lotte Chemical and Sabic.


Recycled-Plastics - Lithium-batteries

-Equipolymers continues to keep the load of PET production in Germany reduced

Swiss company Equipolymers continues to keep loading at its polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plant in Skkhopau, Germany, reduced, Polymerupdate reports.

According to market sources, the load at the plant with a capacity of 335 thousand tons per year was reduced in November 2022 amid a decrease in production margins.

Earlier it was reported that in 2021, Equipolymers carried out prevention at the PET plant in Schkopau in October. Recycled-Plastics – Lithium-batteries

According to the ScanPlast review, in January-November 2022, the estimated consumption of PET in Russia amounted to 758.69 thousand tons, which corresponds to consumption for the same period a year earlier. Compared with November 2021, total estimated consumption increased by 4% and amounted to 78.77 thousand tons against 75.44 thousand tons last year.

Equipolymers is a joint venture between Petrochemical Industries Company and Dow Chemical Company. Both companies have a 50% stake in Equipolymers. The company manufactures and sells PET as well as terephthalic acid (TPA). The head office of the company is located in Zurich, Switzerland. The company has the production of PET and TPA in Ottan (Italy), as well as two PET production facilities in Schkopau (Germany).

Recycled-Plastics - Lithium-batteries

-Cabot to invest in component for manufacturing lithium-ion batteries

The company plans to invest approximately $200 million in U.S. conductive carbon additives over the next five years, with plans to add 15,000 metric tons of capacity in Texas to meet needs of electric vehicle lithium-ion battery applications.

Cabot Corporation plans to add conductive carbon additives (CCA) capacity in its Pampa, Texas facility to be used in lithium-ion batteries that power electric vehicles.

The US government announced numerous grants and loans to encourage the adoption of electric vehicles, helping the country on its path to carbon neutrality by 2050. This includes $8.1 billion in grants and $25 billion of loans specifically to produce low or zero-emission vehicles or batteries. Recycled-Plastics – Lithium-batteries


Recycled-Plastics - Lithium-batteries

-2022 PET bottle chip market review

In 2022, the extent of industry prosperity of China PET bottle chip was still high, and the average spot processing spread was around 1500yuan/mt. Export increment was more than 1 million tons, but China domestic demand began to show negative growth.

Price: rushed up first and then fell down

PET bottle chip price rushed up first and then fell down as a whole in 2022, and market price continued to rise compared with 2021.

According to CCFGroup statistics, trading price for water bottle chip averaged at 8167.76yuan/mt by cash EXW and $1101.55/mt FOB Shanghai in 2022, respectively rising 19.6% and 11.7% year on year. Recycled-Plastics – Lithium-batteries


2022 PET bottle chip market review

-Imperial Oil to invest USD539 mln for renewable plant in Canada

Imperial Oil Ltd said on Thursday that it plans to invest CD720 mln(USD538.64 mln) to construct a renewable diesel facility near its Strathcona refinery at Edmonton, Canada, said Reuters.

The facility will use low-carbon hydrogen produced with carbon capture, storage technology and locally sourced feedstock, the Canadian oil major said.

Imperial said the project, first announced in August 2021, would produce 20,000 barrels of renewable diesel daily, while the production is expected to start in 2025.

The company, which has a deal with Air Products and Chemicals Inc for low-carbon hydrogen supply, said it is looking for third parties for bio-feedstock supply.

We remind, Canada will ban the manufacture and import for sale of single-use plastics in an effort to achieve zero plastic waste by 2030, according to Environment and Climate Change Canada. The ban covers single-use plastics including checkout bags, cutlery, food service ware, ring carriers, stir sticks and straws, the federal government stated in a news release published on June 20. Recycled-Plastics – Lithium-batteries

Imperial Oil to invest USD539 mln for renewable plant in Canada

-Vecoplan enables plastics recycling cleaning trials at demonstration facility

Many sectors of the plastics industry are consequently undergoing a transition. The aim is to increase the recycling rate and use the advantages of plastic in such a way that no damage is caused to the environment.

“We’re seeing an increasing demand for high-quality plastic recyclates,” says Martina Schmidt, head of the Recycling and Waste Division at Vecoplan AG. “Many manufacturers are introducing closed cycles because it gives them direct control.”

Now, in a contribution to closed-loop recycling, Vecoplan is offering additional processing options. “Plastics recycling at a suitable level of cleanliness is becoming increasingly important,” says Schmidt. “By offering this to our customers, we can give them even greater support. At the end of the process chain, they get a material that is ready for the extruder.” Recycled-Plastics – Lithium-batteries

At its new technology centre in Neunkhausen, Vecoplan has installed a demonstration and test facility called the Cleanikum, which covers some 600 square meters. The test facility can run cleaning tests with film waste and thin-walled hard plastics made from polyolefins like LDPE, HDPE, and PP. The facility features a new combination of machines for cleaning plastic and processes it to yield high-quality extrudable flakes that can find use in the manufacture of consumer goods, packaging, and cosmetics.

“Our approach is purposely different from conventional solutions,” says Martina Schmidt. “Our developers have optimized the processing method to provide better cleaning quality while reducing energy and water consumption.”

Vecoplan’s Cleanikum process

The Cleanikum test centre demonstrates the systematic use of cleaning and separation technologies that help to cut back on the use of energy and water. Post-consumer waste can be cleaned in a cold or hot process and with or without lye – depending on the degree of contamination and the quality requirements for the recyclate. The combined demonstration and testing facility is able to handle polyolefins in the form of plastic film or used bottles.


Vecoplan enables plastics recycling cleaning trials at demonstration facility

-Topsoe enters agreement with Steeper Energy to introduce complete waste-to-biofuel solution

Topsoe and Steeper Energy, a developer of biomass conversion technologies, signed a global licensing agreement for a complete waste-to-fuel solution. The agreement combines Topsoe’s technologies in renewable fuels and hydrogen production as well as decades of experience in engineering with Steeper’s proprietary Hydrofaction technology and industry know-how.Recycled-Plastics – Lithium-batteries

With the agreement, Topso e will be able to provide a complete waste-to-fuel technology solution and at the same time a one-stop solution for refineries, project developers, and industries having access to excess waste biomass. The end-products include Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF), marine biofuel, and renewable diesel from waste biomass.

Steeper’s Hydrofaction has been validated through various stages of continuous pilot and demonstration-scale plant operations over the past 10 years. With this agreement, the parties are working towards the first commercial scale deployment of Hydrofaction technology.


Topsoe enters agreement with Steeper Energy to introduce complete waste-to-biofuel solution

Recycled-Plastics – Lithium-batteries

Titanium-Dioxide – Microplastic 28-01-2023


Titanium-Dioxide – Microplastic 28-01-2023

Titanium-Dioxide – Microplastic

-Bacteria really eat plastic

Laboratory experiment shows that bacteria really eat and digest plastic

The bacterium Rhodococcus ruber eats and actually digests plastic.

This has been shown in laboratory experiments by PhD student Maaike Goudriaan at Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ).

Based on a model study with plastic in artificial seawater in the lab, Goudriaan calculated that bacteria can break down about one percent of the fed plastic per year into CO2 and other harmless substances.

“But,” Goudriaan emphasizes, “this is certainly not a solution to the problem of the plastic soup in our oceans.

It is, however, another part of the answer to the question of where all the ‘missing plastic’ in the oceans has gone.”


Bacteria really eat plastic

-New Titanium Dioxide Pigment Reduces Masterbatch Carbon Footprint

Novel technology enhances sustainability while improving masterbatch processability and profits, according to Chemours.

A rutile titanium dioxide (TiO2) pigment designed to enhance processing performance in plastics applications, including polyolefin masterbatch, has been introduced by the Chemours Co. The grade reportedly achieves up to a 6% net reduction in the carbon footprint of the pigment manufacturing process through masterbatch production compared with conventional TiO2 pigments.

TS-1510, the newest pigment in Chemours’ Ti-Pure Sustainability (TS) series, was developed to address customer challenges and improve their production rate and processing, said the company. A novel technology is used to produce this pigment with enhanced material bulk density to address these issues while improving profits and the processability of masterbatch. Titanium-Dioxide – Microplastic

The benefits to masterbatch producers include:

  • Up to 12.5% processing energy reduction for plastics processing;
  • improved line productivity, enabling up to a 30% increase in compounding;
  • higher bulk density resulting in a 50% reduction in package height, reducing storage space and warehouse costs;
  • easier and more complete unloading with faster feed rates;
  • increased flowability driving efficiencies in energy and labor;
  • enhanced handling through low dusting;
  • packaging designed for ease of recycling and reduced material usage.

“The introduction of Ti-Pure TS-1510 reflects our commitment to developing new products that advance the state of the industries we serve,” said Cherie Stancik, Product Development Manager, Plastics Segment – Titanium Technologies at Chemours. “In developing this innovative TiO2 grade, we assessed the chemistry and pigment design of the new product, as well as its performance in plastics applications, to deliver a solution with multifaceted benefits. Titanium-Dioxide – Microplastic

There are currently no TiO2 plastics grades of comparable properties or extensive benefits in the open market today, and we’re confident that the introduction of Ti-Pure TS-1510 will create lasting value for our customers.”


Titanium-Dioxide - Microplastic

-Creating a culture of innovation based on experience and data

Sustainability goals are best met when tactics are tied to what has been proven to work, says a consultant in the field.

Sustainability has risen from marginal concept to an idea that shapes everything from individual lifestyles, government and corporate strategies, and even national and international policy. Titanium-Dioxide – Microplastic

And is it any wonder? In the six years between headline-grabbing climate conferences, the global economy consumed 70 percent more than the Earth can safely replenish—an additional half a trillion metric tons of virgin materials.

It is less that nature is part of our economy, and rather that our entire economic system is a wholly owned subsidiary of nature. In the end, growth that destroys nature will cease. Economic development that, by contrast, moves toward net zero greenhouse gas emissions and nature’s recovery is a very different prospect.

This is an unprecedented time in the packaging sector. And it’s time we lived by design and not by default.

Circular innovation

Circular innovations are all around us. From renting a car on an online platform to recycling metals from an old smartphone, many of these day-to-day, resource-saving ideas are taken for granted. They are punctuation marks in the conversation of our lives – tools of convenience, just as they should be. But the systems, services and products we have in place today did not just appear in isolation. Particular innovations had to happen to get us to where we are now.  Titanium-Dioxide – Microplastic

The circular economy is all about systems trying to draw together different subgroups of activities – materials, material security, supply chain risks, renewable energy – and bringing them together to create a joined-up conversation.


Titanium-Dioxide - Microplastic

-This new fabric coating could drastically reduce microplastic pollution from washing clothes

A team of U of T Engineering researchers, led by Professor Kevin Golovin (MIE), have designed a solution to reduce the amount of microplastic fibres that are shed when clothes made of synthetic fabrics are washed.

In a world swamped by fast fashion — an industry that produces a high-volume of cheaply made clothing at an immense cost to the environment — more than two-thirds of clothes are now made of synthetic fabrics. Titanium-Dioxide – Microplastic

When clothes made from synthetic fabrics, such as nylon, polyester, acrylic and rayon, are washed in washing machines, the friction caused by cleaning cycles produces tiny tears in the fabric. These tears in turn cause microplastic fibres measuring less than 500 micrometres in length to break off and make their way down laundry drains to enter waterways.

Once microplastics end up in oceans and freshwater lakes and rivers, the particles are difficult to remove and will take decades or more to fully break down.

The accumulation of this debris in bodies of water can threaten marine life. It can also become part of the human food chain through its presence in food and tap water, with effects on human health that are not yet clear.

Governments around the world have been looking for ways to minimize the pollution that comes from washing synthetic fabrics. One example is washing machine filters, which have emerged as a leading fix to stop microplastic fibres from entering waterways. In Ontario, legislative members have introduced a bill that would require filters in new washing machines in the province. Titanium-Dioxide – Microplastic


Titanium-Dioxide - Microplastic

-NOW switches to postconsumer-recycled supplement bottles

The company performed extensive testing over two years to ensure the PCR bottles performed as well as or better than virgin-plastic bottles.

NOW’s virgin-plastic bottle next to its new PCR-plastic bottle. Photo from NOW.

Supplements brand NOW announced that some of its dietary supplement bottles will now be made of 100%-postconsumer-recycled (PCR) resin. “Based on supplement bottle production in 2022, NOW estimates over 3 million pounds of plastic will be diverted for use in PCR bottles used by the company in the first year alone,” the firm’s press release states.

NOW says that the transition to PCR bottles “will be rolled out initially to every product in the extensive supplement line currently packaged in white bottles, with sports nutrition, pet supplements, and personal care lines to follow.” The company says customers may notice some variations in the color of the PCR bottles, which it says is normal for this material. Titanium-Dioxide – Microplastic

The company performed extensive testing for nearly two years before adopting the PCR bottles. “NOW performed quality testing and a sophisticated leaching study prior to making this change, taking nearly two years to make sure that bottle quality would not be inferior or cause any quality issues,” the press release says. The company performed oxygen permeability testing, water vapor permeability testing, leaching testing, and microbial testing. The company says the PCR bottles “performed as well as or better than virgin-resin PET bottles.”


NOW switches to postconsumer-recycled supplement bottles

-The Port of Antwerp-Bruges and PureCycle ‘creating a more sustainable future together’

Last week, PureCycle Technologies and the Port of Antwerp-Bruges announced that PureCycle has opted to build its first polypropylene recycling facility in Europe in the port’s NextGen District. In the following interview, Wiebe Schipper, VP European Operations at PureCycle provides a few more insights into the project.

Why did you select Antwerp as the location for your first European plant?

There is a strong strategic fit with the circular and strategic aspirations of the Port of Antwerp-Bruges’ NextGen district. Furthermore, Antwerp is at the centre of gravity for our European feedstock suppliers and customers.

There is a well-developed plastics-industry infrastructure in Antwerp, and we see plenty of opportunity for value chain collaboration with local partners. The port and the government of Flanders also have “welcome” teams that offer useful connections to other companies, institutions, and individuals. Titanium-Dioxide – Microplastic

How will you ensure a consistent supply of waste PP plastic?

The PureCycle process is designed to tackle many different types of PP waste; we can take material from varying sources such as carpets, PP-waste from cars, and films and flexibles that currently go to incineration, etc. We are already engaged in feedstock sourcing discussions, with multiple initiatives underway to collaborate with partners upstream in the value chain (i.e. waste collection and sorting).

Your process uses a solvent. Can you say something about what is it? Is it reusable?

We use a generic hydrocarbon solvent, which is commonly used in home cleaning supplies. Our solvent is repeatedly recovered and re-used in our purification process, which removes odors, colors and contaminants from polypropylene waste, yielding an ultrapure resin.

What do you do with the by product?

Our main by-product is a polyethylene rich stream that we intend to sell to industrial users and/or recyclers.

The process is only suitable for PP?

The PureCycle process is based on a patented invention by Procter & Gamble for which we have the license. Titanium-Dioxide – Microplastic

It is specifically designed for solvent-based purification of polypropylene waste, which is one of the most-used and least-recycled plastics around the globe.


The Port of Antwerp-Bruges and PureCycle ‘creating a more sustainable future together’

-TotalEnergies and Intraplás celebrate their collaboration on the commercialization of drop-in packaging solutions from renewable sources, using TotalEnergies RE:clic range

TotalEnergies and Intraplás are collaborating to bring sustainable solutions to the packaging market, without compromising on performance and food safety

Intraplás is launching commercial products using TotalEnergies RE:newable polymer – a range of the RE:clic portfolio – coming from renewable sourcing therefore allowing for a substantial reduction of the final product’s carbon footprint.

TotalEnergies’ world-class biorefinery in La Mède (France) allows to leverage a direct access to renewable feedstock for its drop-in RE:newable polymer range. The resulting polymer is warranted under the International Sustainability and Carbon Certification (ISCC PLUS) scheme, which uses a mass balance approach. As a result, the RE:newable range exhibits virgin-like properties suitable for high-end, demanding applications, while significantly reducing carbon emissions. Titanium-Dioxide – Microplastic

Intraplás technical and commercial expertise have been fundamental in bringing this innovation to the packaging market. As the converter’s facilities are ISCC PLUS certified, thus facilitating traceability from the material production through to the final application, Intraplás is able to provide high-performing, low-carbon, fossil-free products to its customers that need sustainable solutions in food packaging.

“Our RE:newable range is essential in achieving TotalEnergies’ ambition to produce 30% circular polymers by 2030. Our leading position as an integrated player on the market enables TotalEnergies to provide its customers with low-carbon, drop-in polymers from renewable sources in industrial quantities. This collaboration with our long-term partner Intraplás is another important milestone. Innovation is increasingly critical for companies to distinguish themselves in an increasingly competitive market,” said Olivier Greiner, Vice President, Polymers Europe & Orient at TotalEnergies.

More..  TotalEnergies and Intraplás celebrate their collaboration on the commercialization of drop-in packaging solutions from renewable sources, using TotalEnergies RE:clic range

Titanium-Dioxide – Microplastic

Global-plastic-treaty – PET preform 27-01-2023

Bacteria really eat plastic 28-01-2023

Bacteria really eat plastic

-Bacteria really eat plastic

Laboratory experiment shows that bacteria really eat and digest plastic

The bacterium Rhodococcus ruber eats and actually digests plastic. This has been shown in laboratory experiments by PhD student Maaike Goudriaan at Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ). Based on a model study with plastic in artificial seawater in the lab, Goudriaan calculated that bacteria can break down about one percent of the fed plastic per year into CO2 and other harmless substances.  “But,” Goudriaan emphasizes, “this is certainly not a solution to the problem of the plastic soup in our oceans. It is, however, another part of the answer to the question of where all the ‘missing plastic’ in the oceans has gone.”

Special plastic

Goudriaan had a special plastic manufactured especially for these experiments with a distinct form of carbon (13C) in it. When she fed that plastic to bacteria after pretreatment with “sunlight” – a UV lamp – in a bottle of simulated seawater, she saw that special version of carbon appear as CO2 above the water. “The treatment with UV light was necessary because we already know that sunlight partially breaks down plastic into bite-sized chunks for bacteria,” the researcher explains. Bacteria really eat plastic

Proof of principle

“This is the first time we have proven in this way that bacteria actually digest plastic into CO2 and other molecules,” Goudriaan states. It was already known that the bacterium Rhodococcus ruber can form a so-called biofilm on plastic in nature. It had also been measured that plastic disappears under that biofilm. “But now we have really demonstrated that the bacteria actually digest the plastic.”


When Goudriaan calculates the total breakdown of plastic into CO2, she estimates that the bacteria can break down about one percent of the available plastic per year. “That’s probably an underestimate,” she adds. “We only measured the amount of carbon-13 in CO2, so not in the other breakdown products of the plastic. There will certainly be 13C in several other molecules, but it’s hard to say what part of that was broken down by the UV light and what part was digested by the bacteria.” Bacteria really eat plastic

No solution 

Even though marine microbiologist Goudriaan is very excited about the plastic-eating bacteria, she stresses that microbial digestion is not a solution to the huge problem of all the plastic floating on and in our oceans. “These experiments are mainly a proof of principle. I see it as one piece of the jigsaw, in the issue of where all the plastic that disappears into the oceans stays. If you try to trace all our waste, a lot of plastic is lost. Digestion by bacteria could possibly provide part of the explanation.”

From lab to mudflats

To discover whether ‘wild’ bacteria also eat plastic ‘in the wild’, follow-up research needs to be done. Goudriaan already did some pilot experiments with real sea water and some sediment that she had collected from the Wadden Sea floor. “The first results of these experiments hints at plastic being degraded, even in nature,” she says. “A new PhD student will have to continue that work. Ultimately, of course, you hope to calculate how much plastic in the oceans really is degraded by bacteria. But much better than cleaning up, is prevention. And only we humans can do that,” Goudriaan says.

Sunlight pulps the plastic soup

Recently Goudriaan’s colleague Annalisa Delre published a paper about sun light which breaks down plastics on the ocean’s surfaces. Floating microplastic is broken down into ever smaller, invisible nanoplastic particles that spread across the entire water column, but also to compounds that can then be completely broken down by bacteria. This is shown by experiments in the laboratory of NIOZ, on Texel. Bacteria really eat plastic


Bacteria really eat plastic

Global-plastic-treaty – PET preform 27-01-2023

Plastic-pollution-in-Asia 27-01-2023


-Would a global plastic treaty solve plastic pollution in Asia?

That depends on whether the region has an important seat at the treaty’s negotiating table, say experts at the World Oceans Summit.

A senior executive from recycling company Tomra said Asia needs to have greater representation at plastic treaty tackle plastic pollution in the region more effectively.

Also Annupa Ahi, who is Tomra’s vice president and head of public affairs, said, “If we want to make so much as a dent [in the global plastic problem], we have to solve Asia’s problems first and foremost.

We shouldn’t just be in the centre [of the discussions]. We should be leading, and it’s up to the Asian leaders to take it upon themselves to lead the discussion.”

She was speaking on a panel at the World Ocean Summit Asia-Pacific (APAC), which was held in Singapore in November this year.  Plastic-pollution-in-Asia

So the topic of discussion was on APAC’s role in negotiating the global plastics treaty and whether the agreement would adequately respond to the region’s plastic pollution problem.

According to the World Bank, half of the top 10 marine plastic waste producing countries are located in Southeast Asia.

The global treaty she referenced is the landmark resolution to end plastic pollution achieved at the UN Environment Assembly (UNEA-5) in Nairobi in March.

This year, where officials from more than 160 UN member states agreed to negotiate a legally binding treaty which will address the full lifecycle of plastics by 2024.




PET prices plastic recycling 26-01-2023

Global-plastic-treaty – PET preform 27-01-2023

Global-plastic-treaty – PET preform

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Toray Industries : Develops Recycled Nylon 66 Recovered from Silicone-Coated Airbags

Toray Industries, Inc., announced today that it has developed recycled nylon 66 recovered from silicone-coated airbag fabric scrap cuttings.

This material achieves the same flowability and mechanical properties as injection molding grades from virgin nylon 66.

The company created this product by combining particular additives with resin that REFINVERSE Group, Inc., recycled by stripping silicone from airbag fabric scrap cuttings. and thereafter washed. Global-plastic-treaty – PET preform

The new offering will debut as Ecouse AMILAN™. Toray looks for that offering to accelerate the expansion of Ecouse (pronounced Eco-Use), a proprietary integrated brand for eco-friendly recycled materials and products that it rolled out worldwide in 2015.

The nylon 66 fabric of airbags can be silicone-coated or non-coated.

Manufacturers normally recycle the scrap cuttings of non-coated fabrics. Recycling coated airbag fabric scrap cuttings requires removing the silicone. REFINVERSE was the first in Japan to achieve commercial-scale silicone-coated fabric recycling.

Recycling through stripping and washing has typically left silicone traces, however, degrading the resin and contaminating molds during injection molding. Another issue has been that the high viscosity of airbag yarn limits applications in thin-wall and other injection molding processes in which high fluidity is vital.

Toray accordingly combined particular additives so residual silicone resin would not migrate to the surface of molded products. It also greatly reduced mold adhesion. That is why the flowability and mechanical properties of recycled nylon 66 with Toray’s technique are on par with those of virgin nylon 66.

Toray plans to start full-fledged sample work in April 2023 or later. It ultimately looks to procure recycled raw materials at its overseas sites to establish a global supply system.

It will also explore commercializing recycled nylon 66 products made from airbags recovered from end-of-life vehicles.

The company has cultivated recycled plastic products derived primarily from post industrial scrap materials from in-house production processes, undertaking such efforts as recycling used air conditioner parts into new ones. It aims to extend recycling to used automotive parts and industrial equipment. Plastic-pollution-in-Asia

Toray intends to launch Ecouse TORAYCON™ as a chemically-recycled polybutylene terephthalate resin product that has properties equivalent to virgin materials. It will keep assessing material recycling and chemical recycling for its own polymers in driving to expand the Ecouse lineup by bringing out such products as Ecouse TOYOLAC™ acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, Ecouse TORELINA™ polyphenylene sulfide

One goal of the Toray Group Sustainability Vision is to help the world manage resources sustainably by 2050. It will keep catering to customer demand for eco-friendly resins to materialize its corporate philosophy of contributing to social progress by delivering new value. Global-plastic-treaty – PET preform


Toray Industries : Develops Recycled Nylon 66 Recovered from Silicone-Coated Airbags

-Study shows bioplastic processing via AD reduces environmental impact

In Belgium, the study “Anaerobic digestion of organic waste allows recovering energy and enhancing the subsequent bioplastic degradation in soil” illustrates that the processing of bioplastics through anaerobic digestion contributes to prevent bioplastics accumulation and reduce their leakage into the environment.

According to the paper, the residual bioplastic remaining in the digestate, a co-product of biogas production used as organic fertiliser, does not accumulate in soils.

The figures show that bioplastics degrade between 50% and 70% in the soil after 120 days, and are fully biodegradable within less than two years. This digestate can therefore be used as fertiliser in agricultural soils without ecological risks.

In addition, the degradation of bioplastics via anaerobic digestion also contributes to the energy recovery of waste by producing renewable energy for our households and industries. Global-plastic-treaty – PET preform


Study shows bioplastic processing via AD reduces environmental impact

-Would a global plastic treaty solve plastic pollution in Asia?

That depends on whether the region has an important seat at the treaty’s negotiating table, say experts at the World Oceans Summit.

A senior executive from recycling company Tomra said Asia needs to have greater representation at plastic treaty tackle plastic pollution in the region more effectively.

Also Annupa Ahi, who is Tomra’s vice president and head of public affairs, said, “If we want to make so much as a dent [in the global plastic problem], we have to solve Asia’s problems first and foremost. Plastic-pollution-in-Asia



-Sipa goes off-limits to maximise PET preform mould capabilities

There is a well-known rule of progression when it comes to cavitation in medium and large-sized PET preform molds: 72, then 96, 128, 144.

Sipa has demonstrated on numerous occasions that, with some clever hot runner configurations and ingenious tool engineering

This is perfectly possible to squeeze more cavities into a given mould space, with no loss of preform quality. Global-plastic-treaty – PET preform

Unconventional cavity numbers for better output/capital ratio

Think about a “workhorse” 72-cavity mould: this is considered a good choice for low-to-medium output production on a 250-tonne machine like Sipa’s Xform 250.


Global-plastic-treaty - PET preform

-Avantium, Henkel sign 5-year FDCA agreement

Henkel to develop adhesives with FDCA for electronic applications

Renewable chemistry company Avantium N.V. and Henkel, a leading manufacturer of, amongst others, adhesives, sealants and functional coatings, have signed a 5-year offtake agreement. Global plastic treaty – PET preform

So under this Avantium will supply Henkel with FDCA (furandicarboxylic acid) from the flagship plant that is currently under construction in Delfzijl, the Netherlands.

Production at the new facility – the world’s first commercial facility for the production of FDCA from plant-based sugars – is expected to commence in 2024.

Henkel and Avantium have been partners since 2019, when Henkel joined the PEFerence consortium; a multi-company initiative coordinated by Avantium to establish a viable supply chain for FDCA and PEF (polyethylene furanoate).

Other partners include, for example, Carlsberg, LVMH, Nestle Water and LEGO.Global-plastic-treaty – PET preform

As a participant in the consortium, Henkel tested the feasibility of FDCA for use in polyurethane adhesives. The positive outcome of those tests led to Henkel’s decision to further commercialise the development. The company now plans to market the new adhesives for use in electronic applications, such as consumer devices

The fact that, after LVMH and Carlsberg, yet another PEFerence partner has entered into an offtake agreement for FDCA is good news, according to Bineke Posthumus, Director of Business Development of Avantium Renewable Polymers.

“One of the benefits of working with such a diverse group of reputable companies within the PEFerence consortium is that it enables us to create new applications for FDCA and PEF.Global-plastic-treaty – PET preform

The decision of Henkel to use FDCA for polyurethane adhesives for use in electronics applications is a great example of the possibility to use our high-quality, plant-based chemical building block FDCA in various markets and applications,” she said.


Global-plastic-treaty - PET preform

-Closed Loop Partners, U.S. Composters and Composting Industry launch degradation tests for compostable packaging

The Composting Consortium, a collaboration of industry partners managed by Closed Loop Partners, has announced the launch of a new pilot designed to provide more in-depth insights into the compostability of compostable packaging.

It aims to improve available data on what happens to certified, food-contact compostable foodware and packaging at various types of composting facilities––from static piles to worms to GORE covers. Global-plastic-treaty – PET preform

Called the Compostable Packaging Degradation Pilot, the initiative is the most comprehensive collaborative study of real-world compostable packaging disintegration in the U.S. to date.

The facilities participating in the project include Ag Choice; Atlas Organics; Black Earth Compost; The Foodbank, Inc. of Dayton, Ohio; Happy Trash Can Curbside Composting; Napa Recycling; Specialized Environmental Technologies, Inc.’s Empire Facility; Veteran Compost and Windham Solid Waste Management. Global-plastic-treaty – PET preform


Global plastic treaty - PET preform

-Geminor and Quantafuel set up plastics recycling firm

Geminor and chemical recycling company Quantafuel ASA have established a plastics recycling company and aim to take a “leading position in the value chain for plastics” in the Nordics and the UK.

Named ‘Polynate’, the company’s “main operation” will be to supply Quantafuel’s existing facilities in Norway and Denmark and its planned facilities in the UK, waste fuel specialist Geminor said this morning (25 January).

Quantafuel, which owns a 40% stake in Geminor, said last year it hoped to have its 12-acre chemical recycling plant in Sunderland operational in 2024, subject to planning permission (see story). Global-plastic-treaty – PET preform

Kjetil Vikingstad, chief executive of Geminor, said: “Polynate will be an important contributor in the sustainable treatment and handling of international plastic waste.

“Establishing Polynate together with Quantafuel is strategically important for Geminor. Our ambition is to increase our market share and secure new downstream solutions for plastics.


Geminor and Quantafuel set up plastics recycling firm

Global-plastic-treaty – PET preform

PET prices plastic recycling 26-01-2023

PET prices plastic recycling 26-01-2023

PET prices plastic recycling

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend

-SIPA: Wide neck PET jars for JSC Plastikse

Everything is on a large scale at JSC Plastikse. Company located close to Vilnius in Lithuania and is the one of the biggest PET converters in the Baltic region. Among the wide range of PET packaging supplied for different markets, it makes two- and four-litre PET jars with wide mouths, to be filled with body-building supplements and sports nutrition.

It makes them on two ECS SP 80 injection-stretch-blow molding (ISMB) units that SIPA installed in 2022. Production of the four-litre PET jars with 120-mm necks and weighing 140g as well as two-litre jars 100-mm necks weighing 90g are produced in a very short cycle time.

JSC Plastikse has been in business since 2000, positioning itself at the forefront of packaging products manufacturing for beverage, food, cosmetic, chemical, and medical industries worldwide.

“We pride ourselves on innovation and providing customers with high-quality customized products, services, and flexibility.

Nowadays, a supplement product’s packaging is more demanding than ever, the people are taking care about their body and health much more than before.

We happy to place on the market the new kind of product which is fully designed for recycling and made by using the 100% green energy recovered from renewable resources and solar panels we have installed on factory roof” – says company GM Leonid Sterlin.


SIPA: Wide neck PET jars for JSC Plastikse

-PET prices rose in Thailand amid an increase in quotations of raw materials and the strengthening of the national currency

ICIS reported : domestic spot prices for polyethylene terephthalate (PET) for bottle production in Thailand have risen thanks to rising prices for purified terephthalic acid (TPA) and monoethylene glycol (MEG).

Thus, domestic spot offers for Thai bottled PET increased by an average of 1 Thai baht (THB) per kg and were at the level of 36.5 THB per kg, DEL (with delivery) for the week ended January 20.

For comparison, in the week ended January 13, price offers were at the level of 35-36 baht per kg, DEL.

Thai producers reported that domestic price offers are roughly equivalent to import parity at USD1,100-1,110 per tonne, FOB (free-board) Thailand.

It was also noted that the strengthening of the national currency against the dollar also contributed to the growth of price offers. PET prices plastic recycling

Earlier it was noted that Asian spot prices of paraxylene continued their upward trend.

It was facilitated by higher crude oil prices and an optimistic demand outlook.

Paraxylene supply is expected to remain balanced or slightly limited, with a few planned maintenance stops in the future and with a steady stream of material exports from Asia to the US.

On January 18, applications for March paraxylene shipments were at USD1,056 per tonne, CFR at major ports in Taiwan and/or China.

Compared to transactions at USD1,023–1,024 per tonne, CFR at major ports in Taiwan and/or China on the previous day.


PET prices plastic recycling

-Braskem, Nexus Circular enter 10-year offtake agreement

Nexus to supply circular feedstock for Braskem’s sustainable PP
Chemical recycling company Nexus Circular and Braskem, the leading polyolefins producer in the Americas, have signed a 10-year definitive commercial agreement for the supply of circular feedstocks.
The two companies followed up on the memorandum of understanding signed last year in July .
Jodie Morgan, Chief Executive Officer of Nexus said:
“This long-term commercial agreement builds on the strong foundation of our growing relationship.”
Under the present agreement, a new chemical recycling facility will be built with an initial capacity to convert over 30,000 metric tons annually of used plastic into new materials. The aim is to expand this capacity in the short term to over 120,000 metric tons a year. Braskem will have exclusive rights to the production output from the new facility, which will be used for the production of Braskem’s certified circular PP resins.
In January 2022, Braskem made a strategic investment in Nexus Circular.
Nexus Circular is a commercial leader in advanced recycling that uses proprietary technology and a leading process design to convert landfill-bound films and other hard-to-recycle plastics into high-quality materials used to produce virgin-quality sustainable plastics. PET prices plastic recycling
Since 2018, Nexus has been supplying consistent, on-spec commercial volumes of ISCC Plus certified circular products. PET prices plastic recycling
Nexus,with the contracted volumes of advanced circular recycled products will support Braskem’s strategic goal of selling 300,000 tonnes of recycled content products by 2025 and 1 million tonnes by 2030.


PET prices plastic recycling

-Veolia to set up first food-grade plastic recycling plant in UAE

Spread over a 40,000-sq-m area in Abu Dhabi, the new plant, at full operating capacity, is likely to generate 100 odd jobs in addition to helping cut 18,000 MT of CO2 emission annually

UAE – French water management specialist Veolia said its regional subsidiary Repeet has signed an agreement with UAE-based sustainability pioneer Beeah and F&B conglomerate Agthia to set up a food-grade plastic recycling plant in Abu Dhabi with a total capacity of 12,000 tonnes per annum. PET prices plastic recycling

The MoU was signed in co-operation with the UAE’s Ministry of Industry and Advanced Technology (MoIAT) at the Abu Dhabi Sustainability Week, which lays the groundwork for the new polyethylene terephthalate (PET) facility.

Spread over a 40,000-sq-m area in Abu Dhabi, the new plant, at full operating capacity, is likely to generate 100 odd jobs in addition to helping cut 18,000 MT of CO2 emission annually.

In line with the UAE’s efforts to reduce plastic pollution and boost trade through the export of recycled materials, the plant will recycle PET, a plastic material that is used in food packaging, such as plastic water bottles.


PET prices plastic recycling

-Sasa announced Honeywell licensing deal for propylene plant

Turkey’s Sasa Polyester has announced a licensing deal with Honeywell UOP for a 1m tonne/year propylene production plant based on propane dehydrogenation (PDH) technology, said the company.

The agreement also covered technical service and warranty aspects of the USD1.5bn project to be constructed in the Yumurtalik investment area in Turkey’s southern province of Adana, Sasa added, when filing details of the deal with the Istanbul Stock Exchange.

Sasa said that it expected the contribution of the planned investment to its turnover would be USD1.2bn. PET prices plastic recycling

The targeted completion date for the plant was the first half of 2026, the company also said.

We remind, Sasa Polyester Sanayi increased the loading of PET production in the city of Adana (Adana, Turkey) up to 100%. Previously, the capacity of this plant with a capacity of 365,000 tonnes of PET per year was reduced in October last year due to low demand.


Sasa announced Honeywell licensing deal for propylene plant

-RecyClass revises recycling guidelines & testing protocols

The latest scientific findings on existing and new packaging features, together with state-of-the-art recycling technologies, are at the heart of the update of both the RecyClass Design for Recycling Guidelines and the Recyclability Evaluation Protocols.

RecyClass conducted 15 test campaigns and issued 50 recyclability approvals in 2022. These recyclability assessments covered the recyclability of common packaging components for both rigid and flexible plastic packaging. All were carried out by recognised, independent laboratories. PET prices plastic recycling

For example, the evaluation included an assessment of the behaviour of PP in the rigid HDPE recycling stream and the impact of HPDE in the PP stream.

Similarly, the tests measured the compatibility of different types of lids for PS pots. For flexible packaging, technologies such as laminating adhesives and functional barriers were evaluated.

In addition, RecyClass has published new guidelines for white and natural PS containers, developed together with the relevant stakeholders in the value chain.

As white packaging has a high material value, this is now also reflected in the guidelines for “natural and white” HDPE, PP and the aforementioned PS containers.

While the design recommendations are the same, the new guidelines state that white packaging should be recycled in a separate stream from natural packaging.


RecyClass revises recycling guidelines & testing protocols

-PET prices rose in the spot market in India

Bottle-grade spot prices for bottle-quality polyethylene terephthalate (PET) rose in India amid a lack of supply from the domestic market, ICIS reported.

Prices were at USD1,020-1,060 per tonne, FOB (free on board) India in the week ending January 20, compared with USD1,000-1,045 per tonne, FOB India in the week ending January 13.

Prices generally rose due to strong domestic demand, which led to a shortage of supply of Indian bottled PET. PET prices plastic recycling

One manufacturer was known to have sold spot volumes of bottled PET from its February quotas, while another manufacturer was known to have restricted shipments of February spot volumes of bottled PET.

Earlier it was reported that the Turkish company Sasa Polyester Sanayi increased the load of PET production in the city of Adana (Adana, Turkey) to 100%. Earlier, the load of this plant with a capacity of 365 thousand tons of PET per year was reduced in October last year due to low demand.

According to the ScanPlast review, in January-November 2022, the estimated consumption of PET in Russia amounted to 758.69 thousand tons, which corresponds to consumption for the same period a year earlier.

Compared with November 2021, total estimated consumption increased by 4% and amounted to 78.77 thousand tons against 75.44 thousand tons last year.


PET prices rose in the spot market in India

PET prices plastic recycling

Bio-degradable-plastic – PS – PE 25-01-2023

Bio-degradable-plastic – PS – PE 25-01-2023

Bio-degradable-plastic – PS – PE

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend

-Maire Tecnimont acquires the majority stake of Conser, an Italian high-value derivatives and bio-degradable plastic monomers technology licensor, through Nextchem Holding

NextChem Holding accesses the high-value derivatives and bio-degradable plastics licensing markets by acquiring an 83.5% stake of the Rome-based company

The Group’s technological portfolio is strengthened with the ad-dition of new solutions supporting the energy transition

Rome, 23 January 2023 – Maire Tecnimont S.p.A. announces that, through its subsidiary NextChem Holding S.p.A., it is expanding into the high-value derivates and biodegradable plastic by-products licensing markets with the acquisition of an 83,5% stake of Conser, a technology licensor and process engineering design company based in Rome, Italy. Founded more than Fifty years ago, Conser has been developed by Flavio Simola, who has led the company to the current technological excellence. The closing, which is subject to customary conditions, is expected to take place by April 15, 2023. NextChem Holding also retains an option to acquire the remaining 16.5% stake within the next 3 years. The acquisition of Conser, which is expected to reach total revenues of approximately €25 million in 2022, is strategically important because it allows the Group to enter new markets. Bio-degradable-plastic – PS – PE

Conser has a portfolio of technology patents dedicated to the energy transition and added-value specialty chemicals processes. Such a portfolio includes cost-effective and process-flexible technologies for Maleic Anhydride, Butanediol and Dimethyl Succinate, which are crucial building blocks for the production of biodegradable plastics, in particular Polybutylene Succinate (PBS) and polybutylene adipate co-terephthalate (PBAT). Conser’s portfolio also includes technologies for Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carriers, specialties for Lithium-based batteries production and Bio-based (vegetable glycerine) derivatives.

PBS and PBAT have excellent biodegradation properties, and their relevant consolidated markets show very promising outlooks driven by a growing demand especially in Asia, where Conser has licensed more than half of the plants in the region in the last year for several leading global players.


Bio-degradable-plastic - PS - PE

-Reliance Industries hit by unexpected drop in quarterly profit

Reliance Industries Ltd., helmed by billionaire Mukesh Ambani, posted a larger-than-expected quarterly profit as growth in its consumer units offset the weakness in its traditional petrochemicals business, said Bloomberg.

Net income fell 15% to 157.9 billion rupees (USD1.9 billion) in the quarter ended Dec. 31 but was still higher than the average 156.19 billion rupees estimated in a Bloomberg survey. India’s largest company by market value also secured approval of its board to raise as much as 200 billion rupees via bonds. Bio-degradable-plastic – PS – PE

Analysts had been penciling in a steeper drop in profit due to windfall taxes on fuel exports and as last year’s numbers were flattered by a one-off gain. Overall revenue did indeed come in weaker than consensus and costs surged but a strong showing at Ambani’s dominant telecom business helped blunt the impact.

“Reliance Industries witnessed strong growth momentum in consumer verticals,” Joint Chief Financial Officer V. Srikanth said in a post-earnings call Friday. “Retail growth was led by festive demand, strong momentum in e-commerce and continued store addition.”


Bio-degradable-plastic - PS - PE

-January contract prices of Polystyrene in Europe increased by EUR100-130 per ton

Contract prices for polystyrene (PS) in Europe rose by EUR100-130 per tonne for January due to higher prices for styrene, ICIS reported.

January contract prices of styrene in Europe rose by EUR115 per tonne. Balanced and more than sufficient supply remains, and supply is expected to rise further during the first quarter, especially after TotalEnergies reversed force majeure against the PS in mid-January. It is expected that producers will continue to agree on the price level in proportion to the degree of demand. Bio-degradable-plastic – PS – PE

Buyers buy as needed due to high inventory levels. Demand remains weak, particularly in the construction sector due to winter weather conditions and the continued impact of high inflation, interest rates and macroeconomic uncertainty. Demand for home appliances is generally low, although not as weak as in the construction sector. Demand for packaging is stable.

Bio-degradable-plastic - PS - PE

-SK Geo, Plastic Energy firm agreement for plastic recycling complex in Asia

SK Geo Centric, a subsidiary of SK Innovation’s, has signed a contract with British company Plastic Energy, which specializes in chemical recycling of plastic waste, completing the “last puzzle” of the world’s first plastic recycling complex to be built in 2025, as per Plasticenergy.

Amid a surge in demand for plastic recycled products worldwide, SK Geo Centric’s green business is building momentum. Bio-degradable-plastic – PS – PE

SK Geo Centric announced on the 6th January (local time) at CES 2023 that it had signed a contract with Plastic Energy to introduce the technology to build a pyrolysis plant in the Ulsan plastic recycling complex. Na Kyung-soo, CEO of SK Geo Centric, Bruno Guillon, Chief Commercial Officer of Plastic Energy, and others attended the signing ceremony.


SK Geo, Plastic Energy firm agreement for plastic recycling complex in Asia

-Chemical Recycling Process for Crosslinked PE

Borealis announces capability to produce recycled PE for use in wire & cable, infrastructure industries.

Austria-based Borealis announced the capability of its proprietary Borcycle C chemical recycling process to recycle crosslinked PE, such as XLPE and PE-X, into recycled PE. The recycled PE is suitable for the manufacture of new XPLE and PE-X for use in the wire & cable and infrastructure industries. Bio-degradable-plastic – PS – PE

XLPE offers cost effectiveness and installation flexibility when used in cable networks. PE-X is used in plumbing and heating pipes, with better chemical resistance and durability than conventional materials. However, until recently it has been difficult to recycle these materials into a product that can be returned to these high-performance applications.

In a series of tests conducted by Borealis, XLPE and PE-X waste were pretreated and then fed into the Borcycle C pyrolysis process. The resulting material was analyzed and determined to be suitable for use as cracker feedstock in the production of new ethylene.


Chemical Recycling Process for Crosslinked PE

-Constantia Flexibles targets growth in India through new joint venture agreement

Constantia Flexibles has signed a joint venture agreement with Premji Invest and S.B. Packagings  to expand its business and operations in various packaging sectors and create value in the Indian market.

The agreement is aiming for both organic and inorganic growth in India’s higher added value market segments, including growth in the hygiene segment through S.B. Packagings’ existing packaging lines and the development of Constantia Flexibles’ EcoLam product range. Such developments are expected to strengthen the company’s business in the region. Bio-degradable-plastic – PS – PE


Green-Hydrogen – Plastics-recycling 24-01-2023

PET recycling methods 24-01-2023

PET recycling methods

PET recycling methods

-Study compares PET recycling methods

A study conducted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory evaluated various PET recycling methods from technical, economic and environmental standpoints to provide a big-picture overview of today’s options.

The research, published by the American Chemical Society, found that mechanical recycling outperformed all other technologies as well as virgin plastic production across economic and environmental considerations, but it ranked lower in technical metrics.

Of several available chemical recycling methods for PET, glycolysis “offered the best economic and environmental performances,” the study found, with areas for future improvement including process yields, consumable reduction or replacement, utility decarbonization and closed-loop recycling for polyolefins.

“Chemical recycling” generally refers to a wide array of processes that use heat, pressure and solvents to break down the molecular chains of polymers into liquids or gasses that can then be processed into fuels, oils, waxes, new plastics or other chemical products.

“This work quantitatively characterized the performances of plastic recycling technologies and established a robust methodology for comparing new recycling processes as they emerge in the future,” the report noted, as well as providing a decision tree to help reclaimers choose the best method for each material. PET recycling methods

The study looked at mechanical recycling and solvent-based dissolution of PE, PET and PP, as well as enzymatic hydrolysis, glycolysis and vapor methanolysis of PET, using virgin production as a baseline.

Enzymatic hydrolysis uses hydrolase enzymes to depolymerize PET, glycolysis uses ethylene glycol and methanolysis uses vaporized methanol.

The evaluated metrics were material quality, material retention, circularity, contamination tolerance, minimum selling price, greenhouse gas emissions, energy use, land use, toxicity, waste generation and water use.

Overall, PET mechanical recycling and glycolysis outperformed virgin PET in all metrics, and methanolysis and dissolution scored above virgin levels in the economic and technical sections but scored lower in the environmental and resources sections due to high GHG emissions, toxicity, land use and water use.

Enzymatic PET hydrolysis did not exceed the virgin baseline under any modeled scenario, the study noted. PET recycling methods

As for other materials, mechanical recycling of HDPE outperformed virgin production in the environmental and resources sections but had a low technical and economic score.

Dissolution of HDPE did not reach the virgin threshold for any sections, nor did dissolution of LDPE or PP, though mechanical recycling of LDPE and PP performed better in economic and technical sections due to lower bale prices, the study reported.

However, lower scores should not mean that technologies are abandoned, the study noted, because “these techniques may not be advantageous across all metrics but could provide benefits in specific priority areas, especially with continued improvements as the technologies mature.”

The study also highlighted improvements for the different methods. Mechanical recycling could benefit from increased bale quality and polymer yield, as well as the addition of advanced sorting technologies such as fluorescent markers or robotic sorting coupled with artificial intelligence, the study noted.

For dissolution, switching to bio-based solvents could improve its environmental score. Enzymatic PET hydrolysis needs increased monomer yields and to use less water to become viable, the study stated. PET recycling methods

Glycolysis could also benefit from improved monomer yields as well as new catalysts. PET methanolysis also needs new catalysts, the study stated, and to use less water.

PET recycling methods


Green-Hydrogen – Plastics-recycling 24-01-2023

Green-Hydrogen – Plastics-recycling 24-01-2023

Green-Hydrogen – Plastics-recycling

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Study compares PET recycling methods

A study conducted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory evaluated various PET recycling methods from technical, economic and environmental standpoints to provide a big-picture overview of today’s options.

The research, published by the American Chemical Society, found that mechanical recycling outperformed all other technologies as well as virgin plastic production across economic and environmental considerations, but it ranked lower in technical metrics.

Of several available chemical recycling methods for PET, glycolysis “offered the best economic and environmental performances,” the study found, with areas for future improvement including process yields, consumable reduction or replacement, utility decarbonization and closed-loop recycling for polyolefins. Green-Hydrogen – Plastics-recycling

“Chemical recycling” generally refers to a wide array of processes that use heat, pressure and solvents to break down the molecular chains of polymers into liquids or gasses that can then be processed into fuels, oils, waxes, new plastics or other chemical products.


-Nordic Plast invests €2.8 million in modernization and development

Nordic Plast, a polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) recycler in the Baltics, belonging to Eco Baltia, the largest Baltic environmental and waste management group, has invested €2.8 million into a new sorting line.

Nordic Plast, a leading Latvia-based polyethylene and polypropylene recycler that is part of Baltic environmental and waste management group, Eco Baltia, has completed a modernisation project that involved a  €2.8 million investment into a new, automated sorting line. The company says the new line will raise its recycling capacities by upwards of 30% as well as provide a significant boost to production quality and efficiency. The company was previously largely dependent on manual sorting for its packaging sorting operations, which limited its growth in production capacity, it said.

The new equipment will make it possible to process materials of various purity, enabling the sorting of even the more difficult packaging streams, for which recycling rates have remained consistently low. Green-Hydrogen – Plastics-recycling

In the European Union, plastic packaging recycling goals are set to rise from the current 22% to 50% of the total volume of marketed plastic packaging by 2025.


Green-Hydrogen - Plastics-recycling

-“Better Future”: Innovia Films Unveils New Communication Campaign

  • Campaign underpins the importance of material science in creating more sustainable packages for consumers
  • Highlighting 90 years of Innovia being dedicated to innovation and progress

Innovia Films just announced the launch of their new communication campaign “Better Future”. The campaign underpins Innovia‘s role in creating better and more sustainable and recyclable materials for the future, which are used in consumer packaging, labels and for graphic films. Their long history in being a global innovator – and the leading manufacturer of BOPP (polypropylene) film.Green-Hydrogen – Plastics-recycling

As the name Innovia suggests, it’s all about innovation, the future and progress. Innovia attaches great importance to further developing its products in such a way that they meet future requirements, both from the customer’s point of view and in a sustainable sense. Hence the new claim: ‘Pack for progress’ and the headline mechanics: ‘We give the future a better label/package/print’, when developing sustainable and recyclable packaging that will benefit our environment using the base materials are essential.

Innovia Films has been a global player for the past 90 years and continues to play an enormous role in material science. “That is at the heart of what we do. We wanted this reflected in our internal and external communication,” says Guenther Birkner, President of Innovia.


Green-Hydrogen - Plastics-recycling

-Unigel to invest up to USD1.5 bln in ‘green hydrogen’ production

Brazilian chemical maker Unigel said it will invest up to USD1.5 billion in its complex in the state of Bahia to produce so-called green hydrogen, the first in the country to do so on an industrial scale, said Reuters.

The plant, located in the city of Camacari, should have the first of three phases inaugurated by the end of 2023, expanding capacity until it achieves production of 100,000 tonnes of hydrogen by 2027, or 600,000 tonnes of one of its derivatives, ammonia. Green-Hydrogen – Plastics-recycling

The green hydrogen, obtained from the conversion of wind or solar energy, will use electrolysers to be supplied by Thyssenkrupp Nucera.

We remind, Unigel announced plans to build a green hydrogen plant in the northeastern state of Bahia, with an initial investment of USD120 million and the goal of making it one of the largest of its kind in the world. The plant will starts its production planned for late 2023. At this moment, Unigel’s integrated green hydrogen and green ammonia plant is expected to be the largest in the world. In the first phase of the project, Unigel installs three 20 MW standard electrolyzers from thyssenkrupp nucera, adding up to a total capacity of 60 MW.

Green-Hydrogen - Plastics-recycling

-Battery Council International joins Global Battery Alliance

North American battery manufacturers are recognized as an industry association partner to support a circular battery value chain by 2030.

Battery Council International (BCI), Chicago, has joined the Global Battery Alliance (GBA), a public-private collaboration platform founded in 2017 at the World Economic Forum to help establish a sustainable battery value chain by 2030.

According to a news release from BCI, the GBA brings together leading international organizations, NGOs, industry actors, academics and multiple governments to align collectively in a precompetitive approach to drive systemic change along the entire value chain. It provides its more than 120 members with a collaborative platform to pool expertise and achieve shared goals of circularity, environmental protection and sustainable development. Green-Hydrogen – Plastic-recycling

“The GBA is pleased to welcome BCI to its growing membership base,” says GBA Executive Director Inga Petersen. “Cooperative multistakeholder engagement among critical stakeholders is necessary to realize our vision of a sustainable and responsible battery value chain, and we look forward to working with BCI in making our vision a reality.”


Battery Council International joins Global Battery Alliance

-UAE to launch the first food-grade plastic recycling plant

The 40,000m2 facility in Abu Dhabi could create 100 jobs and avoid the emission of 18,000 metric tonnes of CO2 annually

The Ministry of Industry and Advanced Technology (MoIAT) oversaw the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) at Abu Dhabi Sustainability Week (ADSW), which will lay the groundwork for a new plastic recycling facility in the UAE.

Under the plans, a 12,000 tonnes per annum polyethylene terephthalate (PET) recycling plant has been earmarked for Abu Dhabi.

In line with the UAE’s efforts to reduce plastic pollution and boost trade through the export of recycled materials, the plant will recycle PET, a plastic material that is used in food packaging, such as plastic water bottles.Green-Hydrogen – Plastics-recycling

The 40,000m2 facility in Abu Dhabi could create 100 jobs and avoid the emission of 18,000 metric tonnes of CO2 annually at full operating capacity.

Omar Al Suwaidi, Under-Secretary of MoIAT, said: “Collaboration is the key driver behind the shift towards a more sustainable industrial sector and a greener economy. Accordingly, the ministry focuses on facilitating partnerships between stakeholders, including financial institutions, national industrial companies, and global corporations, with the aim of supporting GDP growth as well as the UAE’s net zero strategic initiative.”


UAE to launch the first food-grade plastic recycling plant

-Sabic sets carbon goals at WEF meet

Driving circularity for plastics

Sabic, a global chemicals industry headquartered in Riyadh, has reaffirmed its commitment to accelerating the circular carbon economy during the World Economic Forum (WEF) annual meeting in Davos by unveiling its ambition to process one million metric tons (1000kt) of Trucircle solutions annually by 2030. Sabic used its reception hosted in the company’s iconic Icehouse (Innovation for the Circular Economy) with global business figures and policymakers, to outline its new advances on its sustainability journey. Green-Hydrogen – Plastics-recycling

Abdulrahman Al-Fageeh, Sabic CEO (A) said, “At Sabic, we are committed to helping provide our customers with more sustainable solutions, and our target of one million metric tons of Trucircle solutions by 2030 intends to help usher in the new circular economy.” He added, “Driving circularity for plastics will require a rapid transformation of the entire value chain, which is only possible through collective action, innovation, and collaboration across the industry and eco-system of waste management. We are working hard with downstream and upstream partners to accelerate this process.”

Sabic pioneered the industry back in Davos in 2019, when it announced plans to build a world-first small-scale commercial unit to produce certified circular polymers from the advanced recycling of used plastics. Since then, Sabic has been employing existing facilities to process smaller volumes of advanced recycled materials for brand owners and customers for a variety of applications already available in the market.

Construction of the company’s first commercial unit in Geleen, the Netherlands, is now entering the final stages and deliveries of the first circular polymers are expected in 2023.

As a next step on the roadmap to meet this 2030 target, Sabic will upscale volumes globally of advanced and mechanical recycling as well as bio-based materials. In that context, Sabic announced it is exploring a new world-scale commercial advanced recycling investment that would have a potential capacity to process around 200 kilotons (KT) of circular materials per year, as well as other projects such as a small-scale advanced recycling plant in Saudi Arabia. Green-Hydrogen – Plastics-recycling


Sabic sets carbon goals at WEF meet

Green-Hydrogen – Plastics-recycling

Biopolyamide – Chemicals – rPET 23-01-2023

Biopolyamide – Chemicals – rPET 23-01-2023

Biopolyamide – Chemicals – rPET

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Petrochemicals – Recycled-Polyester 


Biopolyamide - Chemicals - rPET

-Covestro and Lanxess cooperate to produce more sustainable raw materials with reduced CO₂ footprint

Companies agree production of key basic chemicals

Covestro uses electricity with certificates of origin from hydropower for electrolysis in North Rhine-Westphalia

Cooperation reduces CO₂ emissions by up to 120,000 tons per year

Chemical companies Covestro and LANXESS are cooperating in the energy-intensive production of basic chemicals at their Lower Rhine sites in Germany and make them more climate friendly. LANXESS procures chlorine, caustic soda and hydrogen from the ISCC PLUS-certified sites of Covestro in Leverkusen and Krefeld-Uerdingen.

With immediate effect, Covestro is manufacturing around one-third of the volume of products it supplies to LANXESS using energy from hydropower based on guarantees of origin. Biopolyamide – Chemicals – rPET

“Covestro is pursuing the goal of completely converting its production to electricity from renewable sources on its path to operational climate neutrality in 2035,” says Dr. Klaus Schäfer, Chief Technology Officer of Covestro. “A particular focus is on the energy-intensive production of basic raw materials. In cooperation with LANXESS, we use energy in our electrolysis plants in North Rhine-Westphalia on a pro-rata basis, which enables us to reduce our reported emissions by up to 120,000 metric tons of CO₂ per year.”

“The joint project with Covestro is an important building block in making our entire value chain climate-neutral. By sourcing raw materials for these products with a significantly reduced carbon footprint, we will be able to reduce our reported indirect emissions by up to 120,000 metric tons of CO₂ equivalents per year,” says Dr. Hubert Fink, member of the LANXESS Board of Management. With its Net Zero Value Chain Initiative, the specialty chemicals group plans to eliminate Scope 3 emissions within its upstream and downstream supply chain by 2050.


Biopolyamide - Chemicals - rPET

-SINTEF partners with WNRI to find new ways to recycle marine plastics

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Fishing and aquaculture are largely responsible for the large amounts of plastic waste that end up in the oceans. The plastic fishing gear they use contains various components and chemicals. For instance, the rope may be made of plastic containing metal wire. Now it appears that Norway’s SINTEF is joining hands with the Western Norway Research Institute (WNRI) to investigate how these plastics can be recycled and made into new products.

“With the exception of fishing nets and crab pots made of biodegradable materials, research of this type has never before been conducted on fishing and aquaculture equipment,” SINTEF said in a press release. Another important task involves finding out whether biodegradable plastics would be suitable for fishing gear leading to continued fishing.

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Circular products

“This project should find new solutions that can contribute to the introduction of new circular products in the fisheries and aquaculture sector,” says Hans Jacob Walnum, project manager at WNRI. “There is everything in this: from new technologies to policy design and the answer to how completely new industries can be established,” he says.


Biopolyamide - Chemicals - rPET

-High-concentration lignin biocomposites with low-melting point biopolyamide

Novel low-melting point biopolyamide was synthesized via a copolymerization reaction.

  • Lignin modification was done through grafting of octadecyl isocyanate molecules.
  • Biocomposites with a high concentration of lignin were prepared.
  • Surface-modified lignin particles dispersed evenly in all biocomposites.
  • The mechanical properties of the biocomposite improved upon the addition of lignin.


Blending polymers with a high concentration of bio-based fillers is one of the solutions that not only reduces a dependency on petroleum-based feedstocks but can also significantly decrease the carbon footprint. In the current study, n-octadecyl isocyanate (ODI) molecules were grafted on lignin particles to render them compatible with a novel copolyamide matrix, which was successfully synthesized through a copolymerization between petroleum- and bio-based monomers.

Different concentrations of the surface-modified particles were melt-blended with a low-melting point copolyimide, and the properties of the developed biocomposites being thoroughly studied. Biopolyamide – Chemicals – rPET

The SEM imaging revealed that the surface-modified particles homogeneously dispersed into the polymer matrix for all loading levels without any clear evidence of particle agglomeration, phase separation, or voids formation, proposing excellent compatibility between the components that arose from a successful surface modification process. Furthermore, the mechanical properties of the biocomposites significantly improved. For instance, the yield stress and tensile modulus were enhanced by 50% and 200% at the biocomposite with 50 wt% filler content, without any considerable change in the tensile strain. The dynamic mechanical analysis, as well as the rheology measurements, further confirmed the uniform dispersion of the surface-modified particles and their compatibility with the copolymer matrix, within which the storage modulus considerably improved upon the increase of filler content.

Overall, our findings strongly suggest that these newly developed biocomposites with a green content of up to 80% are attractive candidates for substituting petroleum-based plastics for the demanded applications. Biopolyamide – Chemicals – rPET

  1. Introduction

Plastics are widely used in daily life due to their ease of processing, low cost, and low density. However, due to the depletion of sources as well as the environmental concerns arising from excessive consumption of polymers, such as global warming, an increased carbon footprint, and the effects on marine life, great efforts are being made to substitute these types of polymers with green, sustainable, and eco-friendly ones to fulfill the requirements of daily life.

Monomers derived from renewable biomass sources, such as vegetable oils, are mostly considered for developing green and sustainable polymers. They are abundantly available in nature with diverse structural features and are usually cheap as well as mostly non-toxic [4], [5]. As one of the most promising vegetable oils, castor oil has been extensively used to develop partially and fully bio-based sustainable polymers, including polyurethanes, polyesters, and polyamides [6], [7]. Polyamides, PAs, also known as nylons, are polymer families with high-performance properties, including superior mechanical strength, high stiffness/toughness, good thermal stability, and excellent resistance to a wide range of organic and inorganic solvents [8], [9], [10]. Polyamides are recyclable and, fortunately, can be synthesized from renewable biomass resources, such as castor oil. PA11, PA410, and PA1010 are clear examples of bio-based polyamides derived from castor oil-based monomers [11], [12].


High-concentration lignin biocomposites with low-melting point biopolyamide

-Heat and Chemicals Is Costly and Environmentally Problematic, A New Government Study Finds

Industry is pursuing various technologies to help solve the global plastic waste problem, but environmentalists say new recycling techniques only make environmental problems worse.

The plastics industry’s quest to solve the problem of plastic waste through so-called “advanced” recycling—using chemical additives and sometimes extremely high heat to turn waste back into new plastics—is costly and comes with significant environmental impacts, according to new research from the federal government’s National Renewable Energy Lab in Colorado.  Biopolyamide – Chemicals – rPET

Government researchers singled out two prominent “advanced” technologies—pyrolysis and gasification—as particularly problematic, saying they should not even be considered “closed-loop” recycling technologies. These technologies require large amounts of energy and emit  significant pollutants and greenhouse gases to turn discarded plastics into oil or fuel, or chemicals such as benzene, toluene and xylene, synthetic gases and a carbon char waste product.

So far, 21 states have enacted laws sought by the U.S. plastics industry that categorize advanced plastics recycling as a manufacturing process and not waste disposal. But environmentalists say using plastic waste to make new fossil fuels or feedstocks for more plastic further damages the environment and worsens climate change.

Other forms of chemical recycling fared better than pyrolysis and gasification in the new research, but the more traditional method of recycling—using mechanical means to sort, clean, shred and remold waste plastic—performed better on economic and environmental parameters than emerging methods, although it still has technical limitations, the researchers found. Biopolyamide – Chemicals – rPET

Taken together, the peer-reviewed study by a 12-member Department of Energy team that examined the benefits and trade-offs of current and emerging technologies for recycling illustrates the major challenges ahead as the world seeks ways to handle the 400 million metric tons of plastic waste generated globally each year.

Mankind is producing twice as much plastic waste as two decades ago, with the bulk of it dumped in landfills, burned by incinerators or littered across the environment, with only 9 percent recycled, according to a report last year from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, a group that represents developed nations.

“There’s a lot of work around plastics and it’s very much a hot topic,” said research analyst Taylor Uekert, the lead author of the new study, “Technical, Economic, and Environmental Comparison of Closed-Loop Recycling Technologies for Common Plastics,” published Jan. 12 in the American Chemical Society’s peer-reviewed journal, Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. “The inspiration here was really to look at all of these different up-and-coming recycling technologies and figure out how they stack up on a consistent basis on environmental, economic and technical perspectives.”


Heat and Chemicals Is Costly and Environmentally Problematic, A New Government Study Finds

-Economic sentiment for Germany positive for 1st time since Feb 2022

The outlook for the German economy has become increasingly positive in January 2023 against a backdrop of easing inflation, lowering recession fears, and decreasing energy prices. The ZEW Indicator of Economic Sentiment for Germany makes a considerable leap upwards in the current January 2023 survey, climbing 40.2 points to a new value of 16.9 points. For the first time since February 2022, the economic sentiment indicator for the country is back in positive territory. Biopolyamide – Chemicals – rPET

The assessment of the economic situation in Germany has also improved further, but only slightly. The corresponding indicator currently stands at minus 58.6 points, 2.8 points higher than in the previous month, according to a press release by ZEW.

“The ZEW Indicator of Economic Sentiment signals a positive outlook again in January. For the first time since February 2022, the month in which the war in Ukraine began, the indicator points to a noticeable improvement in the economic situation over the next six months. The more favourable situation for the energy markets and the German government’s energy price caps have contributed to this in particular. In addition, export conditions for the German economy are improving due to China’s lifting of COVID-restrictions. Accordingly, the earnings expectations of the export-oriented and energy-intensive sectors have gone up significantly. The prospect that the inflation rate will continue to fall has brightened expectations for the consumer-related sectors,” commented ZEW president professor Achim Wambach on current expectations.

The financial market experts’ sentiment concerning the economic development of the eurozone also improved very strongly in January, rising 40.3 points to a current reading of 16.7 points. The situation indicator also recorded an increase and currently stands at minus 54.8 points, 2.6 points above the previous month’s value.

Inflation expectations for the eurozone declined by 4.4 points in January and currently stand at minus 83.7 points. Biopolyamide – Chemicals – rPET


Economic sentiment for Germany positive for 1st time since Feb 2022

-Digimarc expands pilot program to France

The pilot will provide insights on the potential of digital watermarks for sorting packaging.

Digimarc Corp., Beaverton, Oregon, is expanding its Digital Watermarks Initiative HolyGrail 2.0 to France. With successful semi-industrial trials, Digimarc says the initiative’s stakeholders have selected France as the European pilot market for Digimarc Recycle.

Digimarc says HolyGrail 2.0 technology is being tested for detection, ejection and purity at industrial level in three testing facilities in France and Germany. France will serve as a pilot market for Digimarc Recycle, providing stakeholders with real-life data on the value creation potential of digital watermarks for sorting packaging materials.

In March 2022, the HolyGrail 2.0 project announced results from its European trials showed that Digimarc’s technology achieved a 99 percent average detection rate across all tested categories of plastic packaging. Biopolyamide – Chemicals – rPET

The effectiveness of Digimarc Recycle also  has been validated in Canada with a 99 percent detection rate in a pilot with the Circular Plastics Taskforce (CPT). CPT plans to implement Digimarc Recycle in Canadian facilities this year to enable the separation of flexibles by attributes, allowing the creation of new end markets.

“As the semi-industrial trials clearly demonstrated last year, digital watermarking technology has the power to transform recycling,” says Digimarc CEO Riley McCormack. “We could not be more thrilled to support our partners in France as they progress in their journey to achieving a more circular economy.”


-Digimarc expands pilot program to France

Biopolyamide – Chemicals – rPET

Sustainable-plastic – R-PET-pellet 21-01-2023

Petrochemicals – Recycled-Polyester 23-01-2023

Petrochemicals – Recycled-Polyester

Petrochemicals - Recycled-Polyester

ITEM 16/01/2023 23/01/2023 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 7,150 yuan/ton 7,350 yuan/ton +200
Bottle grade PET chips export market 965 $/ton 995 $/ton +30
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 6,500 yuan/ton 6,650 yuan/ton +150
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 6,580 yuan/ton 6,750 yuan/ton +170
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market 5,505 yuan/ton 5,790 yuan/ton +285
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 780 $/ton 800 $/ton +20
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 4,220 yuan/ton 4,310 yuan/ton +90
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 527 $/ton 538 $/ton +11
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market 1,010 $/ton 1,041 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 987 $/ton 1,018 $/ton +31
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,200 $/ton 1,231 $/ton +31
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 7,475 yuan/ton 7,475 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,150 yuan/ton 7,150 yuan/ton
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 8,700 yuan/ton 8,700 yuan/ton
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F

Petrochemicals – Recycled-Polyester

8,700 yuan/ton 8,700 yuan/ton
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 8,200 yuan/ton 8,200 yuan/ton
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,300 yuan/ton 7,500 yuan/ton +200
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 12,200 yuan/ton 12,400 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,570 $/ton 1,600 $/ton +30
Nylon6 chips overseas  market 1,870 $/ton 1,870 $/ton
Nylon6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 12,950 yuan/ton 13,050 yuan/ton +100
Nylon6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market 13,050 yuan/ton 13,100 yuan/ton +50
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market 21,000 yuan/ton 21,000 yuan/ton
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 15,350 yuan/ton 15,400 yuan/ton +50
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 17,600 yuan/ton 17,650 yuan/ton- +50
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  15,800 yuan/ton 15,800 yuan/ton
Spandex 20D  domestic  market 38,500 yuan/ton 38,500 yuan/ton
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 36,000 yuan/ton 36,000 yuan/ton
Spandex 40D  domestic  market 33,000 yuan/ton 33,000 yuan/ton
Adipic Acid domestic market 10,600 yuan/ton 10,600 yuan/ton
Benzene domestic market

Petrochemicals – Recycled-Polyester

6,855 yuan/ton 6,920 yuan/ton +65
Benzene overseas  market 913 $/ton 924 $/ton +11
Ethylene South East market 850 $/ton 840 $/ton -10
Ethylene NWE market 825 $/ton 825 $/ton
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market 9,900 yuan/ton 9,900 yuan/ton
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market 1,500 $/ton 1,500 $/tn
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 16,600 yuan/ton 16,600 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 12,900 yuan/ton 12,900 yuan/ton
PP Powder domestic market
7,630 yuan/ton 7,630 yuan/ton
Naphtha overseas market  703 $/ton 686 $/ton
Phenol domestic market 7,540 yuan/ton 7,540 yuan/ton

Petrochemicals – Recycled-Polyester

Sustainable-plastic – R-PET-pellet 21-01-2023

Sustainable-plastic – R-PET-pellet

-LyondellBasell Showcases Traditional and Sustainable Solutions at PlastIndia 2023

At PlastIndia 2023, LyondellBasell (NYSE: LYB) will introduce a comprehensive lineup of innovative circular and traditional polymer solutions under the theme of “We make your ideas possible”. The four innovation islands at LyondellBasell’s booth address today’s and tomorrow’s market trends in the field of mobility, packaging solutions, quality healthcare, and industrial and infrastructure. In addition to these market oriented solutions, a special focus topic will be the company’s sustainability strategy, combined with real-life examples of value chain collaboration projects with worldwide known consumer brands.

“After five years away since the last PlastIndia exhibition, we are excited to connect with customers in person and demonstrate the potential of LyondellBasell’s solutions and competencies in supporting our customers’ growth and success in this dynamic market”, said Ndiba Dioh, Sr. Director, Polyolefins AfMEI (Africa, Middle East & India) at LyondellBasell. Sustainable-plastic – R-PET-pellet

“We also look forward to sharing how our sustainability efforts are positioned to help our customers shape a more sustainable future.”

During PlastIndia, LyondellBasell will exhibit solutions and applications that help its customers improve fuel economy through light weighting of vehicles, reduce food waste through innovative packaging, achieve safer, high-quality solutions for healthcare and build a solid foundation for the development of infrastructure. The company’s presence will also highlight the pathbreaking high environmental stress crack resistance (ESCR) HDPE product range recently launched with our innovative Hyperzone technology in the blow molding, film and pipe segments. Products like the high performance Hexene LLDPE & LDPE grades, PP medical and melt blown grades, Non Pthalate PP grades, and Heterophasic & Random Terpolymers from LyondellBasell’s joint venture partners will also be showcased.

On display for the first time at PlastIndia will be sustainable solutions under the Circulen brand. Used in applications from suitcases to jerrycans and automotive interiors, the LyondellBasell Circulen product family supports the reduction of plastic waste through the use of recycled content, and a lower carbon footprint through the use of renewable-based content.

More..  LyondellBasell Showcases Traditional and Sustainable Solutions at PlastIndia 2023

-Essity ranked one of the world’s most sustainable companies

Hygiene and health company Essity has once again been recognised as one of the world’s 100 most sustainable companies by Corporate Knights. The list was announced today during the World Economic Forum in Davos.

The Global 100 list represents the top 1% of companies in the world in terms of sustainability performance. Corporate Knights analyses and compares 6,720 publicly traded companies with a minimum gross revenue of US$1 billion against global industry peers. The ranking is based on 25 quantitative key performance indicators, including sustainable revenue, sustainable investment, taxes paid, carbon productivity, and racial and gender diversity.

“We are proud to once again be ranked as one of the world’s most sustainable companies. As a global company providing hygiene and health solutions to over a billion people every day, Essity makes a real impact when it comes to people and the environment. Our inclusion in Corporate Knight’s index demonstrates our commitment to responsible business practices throughout our value chain,” says Magnus Groth, President and CEO of Essity. Sustainable-plastic – R-PET-pellet


Sustainable-plastic - R-PET-pellet

-Paraxylene prices in Asia continue to rise

Asian paraxylene spot prices continued their upward trend, helped by higher crude oil prices and an optimistic demand outlook, ICIS reported.

There was optimism about the growth in demand for polyester in the processing industry after the New Year holidays according to the Lunar calendar, which kept the mood up.

Paraxylene supply is expected to remain balanced or slightly limited, with a few planned maintenance stops in the future and with a steady stream of material exports from Asia to the US. Sustainable-plastic – R-PET-pellet

According to sources in the market, from January 1 to January 10, about 30 thousand tons of paraxylene were exported from South Korea to the United States.

On January 18, applications for March paraxylene shipments were at USD1,056 per tonne, CFR at major ports in Taiwan and/or China compared to transactions at USD1,023–1,024 per tonne, CFR at major ports in Taiwan and/or China on the previous day.

Earlier it was reported that an oversupply of paraxylene in Europe will continue to be a problem in 2023, as the launch of new production facilities in Asia is expected. Meanwhile, demand from European buyers for refining and sales is likely to remain low amid a gloomy macroeconomic outlook.

According to the ScanPlast review, in January-November 2022, the estimated consumption of PET in Russia amounted to 758.69 thousand tons, which corresponds to consumption for the same period a year earlier. Compared with November 2021, total estimated consumption increased by 4% and amounted to 78.77 thousand tons against 75.44 thousand tons last year.

Sustainable-plastic - R-PET-pellet

-New behavioural “barrier-based” framework for sustainable plastic management

A new framework developed and tested by researchers at Ritsumeikan University claims to identify barriers and context-specific measures for plastic use and disposal.

Researchers from Ritsumeikan University say they have developed a new behavioural barrier-based framework, which can serve as a guide to policymakers, encourage better practices and improve the environment in a “context-specific manner.”

This frame is not restricted to plastic waste and can be applied to other waste-related problems requiring interventions for desirable behavioural changes, the University says.

To address plastic pollution, researchers from Ritsumeikan University have developed and tested a new framework called the Behavioural Barrier-Based Framework (BBBF).

The University says this method, which has been reported in an article made available online on 15 December 2022 and is set to be published in Volume 384 of the Journal of Cleaner Production on 15 January 2023, identifies suitable intervention methods from infinite possibilities in a context-specific manner. Sustainable-plastic – R-PET-pellet

The lead researcher of this study, Professor Takuro Uehara, from the Department of Policy Science, Ritsumeikan University, explained the study by saying: “This study proposes a new framework, the BBBF, for enabling policymakers to select effective intervention measures to promote people’s sustainable plastic use and disposal.”

This study proposes a new framework, the BBBF, for enabling policymakers to select effective intervention measures.

The proposed framework has a four-step process. Step one involves setting policy targets. Step two identifies desirable behavioural changes to attain the policy targets. Step three identifies critical barriers to desirable behavioural changes.

Finally, step four involves interventions that will directly impact policies by inducing desirable behavioural changes.


Sustainable-plastic - R-PET-pellet

-RCS Group increases R-PET pellet output

German waste-disposal and recycling company RCS has increased its capacity of recycled polyethylene terephthalate (R-PET) food-grade pellets (FGP) with the addition of a second EREMA bottle-to-bottle unit, said the company.

The second unit will bring the company’s FGP capacity up to 70,000 tonne/year according to a release from the company, based in Werne, Germany.

The pellets produced via this second unit have both European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for use in food-contact applications such as beverage bottles.

Alexander Rimmer, managing director said of the company’s decision to invest in a second unit: “The demand for R-PET is increasing, the quality of the pellets has exceeded our expectations and the entire process from planning to installation and commissioning has been faultless”. Sustainable-plastic – R-PET-pellet

We remind, RCS Group was awarded a sustainability certificate from the Fraunhofer Institute, because the recycling of PET bottles saves more than 100,000 t of CO2 equivalents, 45,000 t of fossil resources and 733,000 MWh of energy every year.


RCS Group increases R-PET pellet output

-PureCycle to Build Europe’s First Polypropylene Recycling Facility

The plant will be located in Belgium at Europe’s second-largest seaport and will have initial capacity of 130 million pounds

PureCycle Technologies continues to expand its global reach. The advanced recycling company and the Port of Antwerp-Bruges jointly announced today plans to build PureCycle’s first polypropylene (PP) recycling facility in Europe at the port’s fast-growing NextGen District in Belgium.

The new plant is expected to have annual capacity of 59,000 metric tons (130 million pounds), with plentiful expansion opportunities. The 14-hectare (35-acre) plot can support up to four processing lines with an anticipated total capacity of approximately 240,000 metric tons (500 million pounds) per year. Sustainable-plastic – R-PET-pellet

PureCycle is currently engaged in feedstock sourcing and financial planning with the intent to secure a final project timeline by mid-2023. Plant construction is expected to begin in 2024 once the permitting process has been completed.

PureCycle holds a global license to commercialize a solvent-based purification recycling technology developed by Procter & Gamble. The proprietary process removes color, odor, and other contaminants from recycled feedstock, resulting in ultra-pure PP suitable for any market, said PureCycle.

NextGen District is described as a global hub for businesses seeking to advance the circular economy. The district is located at the Port of Antwerp-Bruges, Europe’s second largest seaport, in proximity to Europe’s largest integrated petrochemical cluster. PureCycle was awarded a “concessionaire” contract during NextGen’s competitive bidding process.


PureCycle to Build Europe’s First Polypropylene Recycling Facility

Sustainable-plastic – R-PET-pellet

Bio-based-PP – PET-Al-polymerization 20-01-2023

Bio-based-PP – PET-Al-polymerization 20-01-2023

Bio-based-PP – PET-Al-polymerization

Chinaplas 2023

Green, Smart, Advance are the 3 keywords the organisers chose for the 2023 edition of Chinaplas.

Green is the commitment for circular economy and sustainability. Smart can inspire innovations and enhance user experience.

Advance is the powerful tool for improving productivity and quality. At Chinaplas 2023, to take place from April 17-20, 2023 in Shenzhen World Exhibition and Convention Center (SWECC), Shenzhen, PR China, visitors are invited to immerse in these 3 hot technologies under one roof, helping inspire new ideas and explore new opportunities.


Bio-based-PP - PET-Al-polymerization

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Evonik Catalysts expand

s portfolio – focus on chemical recycling of PET

  • Alkoxides from Evonik will now be produced and marketed under the umbrella of the Catalysts business line
  • Transformation of the chemical industry requires innovative catalysts
  • Sustainability and Next Generation Solutions are the focus of activities and are expected to become the growth drivers of the coming years
  • Existing sales channels for alkoxides to remain in place continuing to serve our esteemed customers

Evonik is pooling its expertise and integrating its alkoxides business into the Catalysts business line. Bio-based-PP – PET-Al-polymerization

The extensive portfolio of heterogeneous catalysts is thus now complemented by homogeneous catalysts. An international network of production sites and the highly experienced alkoxides team will additionally strengthen the Catalysts business line, one of Evonik’s growth areas, from January 2023.

The chemical industry is undergoing a profound transformational process. Driven primarily by sustainability issues such as the circular economy, CO2 reduction or decarbonization, catalysts are at the heart of this transformation, as they are needed for approximately 80 percent of all chemical processes.

The internal integration supports transformation of the chemical industry as well as the Catalysts expansion strategy on the way to becoming a leading global catalyst supplier for the chemical industry. Bio-based-PP – PET-Al-polymerization


Evonik Catalysts expands portfolio - focus on chemical recycling of PET

-Braskem evaluating production of bio-based polypropylene

In 2010, Braskem, the Brazil-based largest polyolefins producer in the Americas, first started to produce green plastics  – bio-based PE – on an industrial and commercial scale. In the years that followed, its I’m Green portfolio of bio-PE grades became an established presence in the market. Now, over a decade later, Braskem announced it is launching a new project aimed at supporting brand owners’ and OEMs’ transition to a more sustainable use of raw materials. Bio-based-PP – PET-Al-polymerization

The company will evaluate an investment in producing a second bio-based material; in this case, carbon-negative bio-based PP.

Production would be in the U.S.,  home to the largest ethanol industry production in the world and therefore able to offer the ample technology, infrastructure, and supply availability needed for a project in the polymers’ value chain.

The project would utilise Braskem’s proven, proprietary technology to convert bioethanol into physically segregated bio-based polypropylene at an industrial scale. As well, Braskem is exploring partnership opportunities for this project with several clients, brand owners, and suppliers.

The bio-based PP would be a drop-in solution that has the same technical properties and recyclability found today in Braskem’s current PP portfolio, with the additional benefit of a negative carbon footprint.


Bio-based-PP - PET-Al-polymerization

-Toyobo : wins Chemical Society of Japan Award for Technical Development for 2022; helping realize a circular economy with an eco-friendly aluminum catalyst for polyester polymerization

Toyobo Co., Ltd. has received the 2022 Award for Technical Development by Chemical Society of Japan (CSJ) for its work in the “Development and Industrialization of Novel Aluminum Catalysts for Polyethylene Terephthalate.” The CSJ, Japan’s biggest chemical society, has presented this award, which recognizes outstanding achievements in developing technology in Japan’s chemical industry, annually for the past 71 years.

In 2002, Toyobo developed the world’s first aluminum catalyst, TOYOBO GS Catalyst®, for manufacturing polyethylene terephthalate (PET) resins, although general PET polymerization catalysts were composed of heavy metal such as antimony.

In 2017, Toyobo signed a licensing contract* involving specific polymerization technologies and related patents with Thailand-based Indorama Ventures Public Company Limited, the world’s largest PET resin manufacturer, as part of its efforts to tap the global market. PET resins produced using TOYOBO GS Catalyst®, containing no heavy metals, are eco-friendly. Bio-based-PP – PET-Al-polymerization

Also, these resins are less likely to deteriorate during repeated melting processes due to their excellent thermal stability; therefore, they are well suited for recycling.

Amid heightened global environmental awareness, recovery and reuse systems mainly for PET bottles have been rapidly established, and then PET resin recycling is expected to expand beyond bottles to fibers, films and molded items. Against this backdrop, the award was presented to Toyobo after CSJ gave high marks to TOYOBO GS Catalyst® as an innovative catalyst fundamentally improving the thermal stability and quality of PET resins, thus contributing to promote recycling. It was also evaluated that Toyobo has achieved global industrialization of the catalyst.


Bio-based-PP - PET-Al-polymerization

-Toray Develops Eco-Friendly PET Film Offering Excellent Applicability and Adhesion for Water-Based and Solvent-Free Coatings in Printing, Mold Release, and Adhesive Processing

Toray Industries, Inc., announced today that it has developed a polyethylene terephthalate (PET) film that combines excellent applicability and adhesion for water-based and solvent-free coatings and can eliminate solvent-derived carbon-dioxide emissions. The company looks to produce the film at a domestic plant by end-March 2024 to help popularize eco-friendly film products for which decarbonization during manufacturing is desirable. These items include release, adhesive, printing, packaging, and automotive films.

The environmental impacts of organic solvents in regular PET film processing have become problematic in view of global warming becoming a prime issue in recent years as a result of air pollution and carbon dioxide emissions. Bio-based-PP – PET-Al-polymerization

This situation has driven the development of coatings free of such volatile organic compounds (VOCs) as toluene, xylene, and ethyl acetate. Such coatings eliminate carbon dioxide emissions derived from solvents. Advances include coatings in which water replaces these compounds in mold release agents, adhesives, and printing inks, as well as solvent-free versions employing monomers to dilute ingredients. Still, VOC-free coatings have downsides. They include appearance defects such as peeling when applied on PET films. Other issues are poor adhesion between coated layers and PET films after drying, resulting in lifting and peeling that reduces durability.

Toray’s new PET film has both good applicability for water-based paints and good adhesion to films after it is dried. This was achieved by forming an ultra-thin layer with nanosized dispersion of hydrophilic components with high affinity to water and hydrophobic components with high affinity to the resin on the surface of the film.

This film has demonstrated outstanding applicability and adhesion for an array of water-based offerings from paint manufacturers. Coating and adhesion is also excellent with solvent-free coatings, which are also VOC-free.

PET film processing generally emits carbon dioxide from coating and drying printing inks, release agents, and adhesives, as well as from consuming electricity in curing, releasing organic solvents into the atmosphere through incineration, and disposing of solvent effluents and waste. The film makes it possible to use VOC-free paints and thus eliminate the carbon dioxide emissions associated with organic solvents.

Toray’s new technology is also compatible with Ecouse®Lumirror™ offerings employing recycled PET materials. Ecouse is a brand for recycled materials and products that Toray began rolling out worldwide in 2015. Lumirror is a biaxially oriented polyester film. The company can help lower environmental impact by providing total solutions for PET film manufacturing through processing for printing, mold release, adhesion, and other coatings. Bio-based-PP – PET-Al-polymerization

Under the Toray Group Sustainability Vision and “TORAY VISION 2030”, the company helps to resolve environmental, resources, and energy issues through business. It will continue to develop advanced materials to materialize its corporate philosophy of contributing to social progress by delivering new value.


Bio-based-PP - PET-Al-polymerization

-EMS CHEMIE : Stiff and strong specialty polyamides reduce energy consumption in manufacturing and use (EMS-GRIVORY K-Messe 2022, EMS-GRIVORY)

Stiff and strong specialty polyamides reduce energy consumption in manufacturing and use

Energy cost reductions from metal replacement

The energy supply situation in Europe is an issue for concern and is driving up costs for electricity and natural gas. From August 2021 until August 2022 the electricity prices in Switzerland and Germany increased by more than 550% (Fig. 1). This dramatic increase in energy costs is forcing manufacturers to analyse and optimize their complete energy management in production. Bio-based-PP – PET-Al-polymerization

High energy costs promote use of polymer materials

EMS specialty polyamides are well known to trade experts and are recognised and valued for metal replacement. Along with weight savings, which in the car industry go hand in hand with a reduction of CO2 emissions, these materials also make a reduction of up to 60% in manufacturing costs possible. Metal die-cast components, on the other hand, are manufactured at high temperatures and are therefore, very energy-intensive (Fig. 2). The energy requirements for the manufacture of metal alloys as basic materials is substantially higher than for the manufacture of polymer materials. This is a significant reason for the sharper increase in metal prices compared to polymer materials in the past months. This energy-driven cost increase also makes use of high-performance polymers additionally attractive in comparison to metal.

Main potential for savings at the start of the development phase

65 – 75% of manufacturing costs are already defined during the design phase, i.e. at the start of a development project. This makes it essential that design engineers create a range of design variants and materials used for comparison reasons. In the following example of a water meter, the savings potential in three development phases is illustrated (Fig. 3).

Potential for cost saving taking a water meter as example

Phase 1, choice of material and design: Grivory HT1VA-4 FWA is used to replace brass for the insert of a water meter. The maximum operating conditions are 16 bar pressure and 70°C for an intended life expectancy of at least 20 years. With a part weight of 340 g (brass), this is a medium-sized water meter. Using Grivory HT instead of brass, the manufacturing costs can be reduced by 50% and the part weight by 75%. Additional energy savings can be achieved which, with the current energy prices compared to 2021, is a very significant from a part cost point of view.

Phase 2, design optimisation: Using Moldflow simulation and Finite Element Analysis, component geometry is defined according to the effective requirements and wall thicknesses are reduced to a minimum resulting in a shorter cooling time. As a practical rule, the cooling time in seconds (tc) is taken as 2 – 3 x (max. wall thickness in mm)2. Flow channels are optimised for perfect flow behaviour and unnecessary filling energy or filling pressure is avoided.

For a trade expert it is clear that the steps described here are ideally taken at the start of the development process, but it is always worth applying them to ongoing applications to achieve the maximum optimisation potential and additional energy cost savings from material and process innovation. Bio-based-PP – PET-Al-polymerization


EMS CHEMIE : Stiff and strong specialty polyamides reduce energy consumption in manufacturing and use (EMS-GRIVORY K-Messe 2022, EMS-GRIVORY)

-HeiQ AeoniQ™ Turns Into A Piece Of Garment For The First Time By HUGO BOSS

HeiQ announces that the German premium fashion company HUGO BOSS reveals today the first product made with HeiQ AeoniQ™ fiber – a seamless high-performance Polo Shirt.

With that, the company marks a milestone within the partnership that will enable the replacement of synthetic fibers to reduce their impact on the planet.

The product is crafted with 87% HeiQ AeoniQ™, a revolutionary cellulosic yarn created from certified wood pulp, one of the many renewable raw materials it can be made of, featuring the same performance attributes as polyester.

This new style is part of the BOSS Green collection line, designed for urban environments with BOSS’ renowned performance-driven qualities and worn by Italian tennis player Matteo Berrettini. Bio-based-PP – PET-Al-polymerization

The first Innovation drop of the Polo Shirt is available in limited quantities in the global eCom of HUGO BOSS. [].

For Carlo Centonze, HeiQ CEO, “this first drop by HUGO BOSS makes the dream of replacing polyester for a more sustainable alternative tangible while keeping all the features that made synthetic fibers so widespread. Until today we called HeiQ AeoniQ™ a project. From now on it is a brand that delivers the promise of sustainability and true circularity for the benefit of the Planet.”

For HUGO BOSS, the exciting partnership with HeiQ represents yet another important milestone on its journey towards becoming the leading premium tech-driven fashion platform worldwide. Consistent with their bold mission statement ‘We Love Fashion, We Change Fashion,’ this game-changing technology will enable HUGO BOSS to further push innovation and sustainability across their brands’ offerings, thereby driving measurable impact for the environment and society alike.

Textile industry change starts here

HeiQ AeoniQ™ is a more sustainable, circular, and closed-loop cellulosic textile yarn.


HeiQ AeoniQ™ Turns Into A Piece Of Garment For The First Time By HUGO BOSS

-Reliance raises MEG prices in India

Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL), India’s energy and petrochemical giant and the country’s largest producer of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), january 16 raised its monoethylene glycol (MEG) price offer to USD535 per tonne for the second half of January for the Indian market, a source close to the company told ICIS. Bio-based-PP – PET-Al-polymerization

Terms of delivery cfr India.

So, on January 13, spot prices of MEGs in the market in Asia closed at the level of USD525-530 per ton, CFR CMP (the main ports of China).

Earlier it was reported that Reliance Industries announced the nomination of the contract price of MEG for the first half of January in the amount of USD530 per ton.

MEG, along with terephthalic acid (TPA), is one of the main raw materials for the production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET).

According to the ScanPlast review, in January-November 2022, the estimated consumption of PET in Russia amounted to 758.69 thousand tons, which corresponds to consumption for the same period a year earlier. Compared with November 2021, total estimated consumption increased by 4% and amounted to 78.77 thousand tons against 75.44 thousand tons last year.


Reliance raises MEG prices in India

Bio-based-PP – PET-Al-polymerization

CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET 19-01-2023

CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET 19-01-2023

CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-The Fed sends Asia into the red and sends oil tumbling. Historical deficit in Japan

Asia in the red, Thursday 19 January after the weak closure of Wall Street. At 7:15 am Italian the Nikkei drops 1.5%, Hong Kong has just passed above parity, Shanghai travels at +0.2%, the Asia Dow index is down by 0.65%.
Gold rose by 0.25% to 1,911 dollars per ounce, American WTI oil dropped 1.5% to 78.3 dollars a barrel. The euro changes hands at 1.0796, the yen, after Wednesday’s slide, recovers 0.76% to 127.94, while the yield on the 10-year US T bond sees the yield fall to 3.325% from 3.375%. Wall Street futures are now in the red by an average of 0.15%.
Disappointing US data released yesterday fueled recession fears as investors continue to assess the monetary policy outlook. The latest data showed U.S. retail sales fell more-than-expected in December, while producer prices fell to their lowest level since April 2020, stoking concerns about a potential slowdown.
Meanwhile, St. Louis Fed Chairman James Bullard said rates are not yet tight and could climb as high as 5.5% by the end of the year.

In Asia, investors are weighing data on Japan which posted another trade deficit in December, while Australia’s unemployment rate remained stable at 3.5% for the same month. CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET
Japan has the largest trade gap in 7 years
Japan’s trade deficit widened to 1,448.5 trillion yen in December 2022 from 603.1 trillion a year earlier, marking the 17th consecutive month of a gap that represents the longest stretch since 2015.
For the full year of 2022, the trade deficit widened to $19,971.3 billion, the highest amount since 1979, driven by a jump in imports amid high commodity prices and a plunging yen.
Imports from Japan extend the double-digit increase
Imports into Japan rose 20.6% year-on-year to 10,235.7 trillion yen in December 2022 versus market consensus of 22.4% and after a 30.3% jump in November.
It was the 20th consecutive month of double-digit growth, but the slowest pace since April 2021 amid buoyant domestic demand and high commodity prices. Purchases of mineral fuels increased by 44.1%, supported by oil (41.4%) and LNG (36.8%), those of electric cars instead gained 8.5%, led by semiconductors (16 .8%).
Oil falls on fears of recession, inventories rise
WTI crude futures fell below $79 a barrel on Thursday, extending losses from the previous session after disappointing US data fueled recession fears, while US crude inventories rise by surprise .
The latest data indicated that US retail sales fell more-than-expected in December, while producer prices fell the most since April 2020, stoking concerns about a potential slowdown. CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET
Data from the American Petroleum Institute also showed that US crude inventories rose by 7.6 million barrels last week, defying expectations of a 1.8 million barrel decline.
Meanwhile, the International Energy Agency wrote in its latest forecast that global consumption will hit a record daily average this year, led by a recovery in demand in major crude importer China, although it signaled a large surplus in the first quarter.
Saudi Aramco went on to say it was optimistic on oil consumption as China recovers and air travel rebounds.

The Fed sends Asia into the red and sends oil tumbling. Historical deficit in Japan

The Fed sends Asia into the red and sends oil tumbling. Historical deficit in Japan

-Asahi Kasei Collaborates on Development of High-Quality Recycled Carbon Fiber

Working with academic partners, Asahi Kasei has developed new technology for recycling carbon fiber plastic compounds.

A new technology for recycling carbon fiber plastic compounds has been developed by Asahi Kasei together with the National Institute of Technology at Kitakyushu College and Tokyo University of Science. Carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP) are highly attractive for various industries in demanding application fields due to their unique balance of rigidity, mechanical strength and light weight – also compared with conventional glass fiber reinforced plastics. However, CFRPs are expensive and challenging from a recycling perspective, as it is difficult to extract the carbon fibers from the resin after usage.

In collaboration with its academic  partners, Asahi Kasei has developed a recycling method that allows carbon fibers to be extracted from CFRP or carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastics (CFRTP) used in automobiles. CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET

This reportedly results in high-quality, inexpensive continuous carbon fiber that can be recycled perpetually, contributing to circular economy. Unlike carbon fiber that is chopped up during the recycling process, Asahi Kasei’s method allows carbon fiber to be extracted from a plastic compound seamlessly, resulting in continuous strands of carbon fiber that can be reapplied in exactly the same manner while retaining properties identical to the original substance.

According to the company, the conventional technologies for recycling carbon fibers by chopping and re-applying them results in a product with lower quality and less durability, insufficient for high-performance applications. To address this issue, Asahi Kasei developed an “electrolyzed sulfuric acid solution method” that allows the carbon fiber to retain its original strength and continuous nature while fully decomposing the resin the carbon fiber is embedded in. This allows for its continued use in high-performance applications and presents an inexpensive, circular solution to the end-of-life dilemma of carbon fiber plastic compounds.

As such, carbon fiber compounds present in vehicles for weight reduction can be easily and inexpensively be broken down at end-of-vehicle-life and reapplied to new vehicles in the future. In addition, Asahi Kasei is developing a carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic unidirectional tape (CFRTP-UD tape) that utilizes both recycled continuous carbon fiber and the company’s Leona nylon resin.CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET

Boasting a higher strength than metal, this CFRTP-UD tape can be applied to automobile frames and bodies, further enabling the recycling of end-of-vehicle-life parts into different, new automobile parts. This is said to present a solution to the long-term challenge that carbon fiber usage for vehicles has posed on the industry and is expected to economically benefit and strengthen carbon fiber’s usage within the automobile industry on a global scale. Moving forward, Asahi Kasei will perform demonstrations and develop the business, aiming for practical application around 2030.


Asahi Kasei Collaborates on Development of High-Quality Recycled Carbon Fiber

-Fairbrics Raises €22 M to Bring to Market its CO2-Based Polyester Fiber and Reduce the Textile Industry’s Carbon Footprint

  • A €17 M grant is awarded by the European Union to the Company, through a Technology Upscaling Project bringing together 13 partners from 7 countries throughout Europe.
  • Partners to the Project will contribute an additional €5 M.
  • The combined funds will be used to build a pilot line within the next 2 years and a demo plant within the next 4 years.

Faibrics, a sustainable chemical company developing a technology that converts CO2 emissions into high value polyester through a circular manufacturing approach, announced today it has raised €17 M from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research & Innovation Program and 5 M€ from Partners to the Technology Upscaling Project, representing a total amount of €22 M to bring its innovative solution to market.

The EU’s grant was awarded to a consortium coordinated by Fairbrics that brings together 13 partners from 7 countries throughout Europe, ranging from upstream and process development experts (i.e. engineering design, CO2 capture, chemical reuse, electrolyzer) to final product specialists (i.e. Faurecia for automotive, Les Tissages de Charlieu for textile). To prompt societal impact, the Project also includes a strong educational component and, together with academic partners, it will develop learning and training resources on CO2 valorization for young professionals, university students and lifelong learners.CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET

The combined funds will be used to upscale Fairbrics’ technology, first in a pilot line of 100 kg/day by 2024 and later, by 2026, in a 1 ton/day demo plant. The primary aim is to fight climate change and accelerate energy intensive industries’ decarbonation by replacing fossil-based polyester with CO2-based polyester, using a circular approach that recycles CO2 waste fumes from chemical plants into high value textile products. Fairbrics targets sectors employing polyester as a main material: clothing but also sports equipment, automotive and packaging.

“By using CO2 emissions instead of fossil resources to manufacture polyester, Fairbrics addresses one of the greatest global challenge, climate change caused greenhouse gas (GHG) emission. This funding comes as a strong recognition of the work Fairbrics has accomplished so far, the quality of the consortium we brought together, and the extraordinary potential of our technology to provide highly polluting industries like textile with an alternate environment-friendly and economically viable solution,” said Benoît Illy, Cofounder and CEO of Fairbrics. CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET

Today, polyester accounts for 60% of all textiles produced worldwide and a third of the fashion industry’s GHG emission. By replacing fossil fuel sources by CO2-based sources, Fairbrics provides a sustainable and scalable solution to energy intensive industries. Fairbrics will initially address the fashion industry and has already secured strategic partnerships with major brands such as H&M, On-Running and Aigle. It intends to progressively diversify its technology platform with solutions addressing other sectors such as sports equipment, packaging and automotive.

About Fairbrics

Fairbrics is sustainable chemical company founded in 2019 and based in Paris (France). It has developed a disruptive patented technology platform that converts CO2 emissions into high value polyester fibers, providing energy intensive industries with environment-friendly and economically viable solutions. Fairbrics’ mission is to fight climate change by developing circular manufacturing process. Its technology has been demonstrated at lab-scale. Fairbrics has successfully secured partnerships with major fashion brands such as H&M, On-Running and Aigle. Next to clothing, the company intends to progressively deploy its technology to address other industries that employ polyester as their main material such as automotive and packaging. Fairbrics won several national and international innovation awards: Citeo Circular Challenge, French Tech Green20, I-Nov, Cleantech Open France, H&M Foundation’s Global Challenge Award. For more information:


CO2-Based-Polyester - rPET

-EU’s international trade deficit in goods reaches €20.7 bn in Nov ’22

European Union (EU) recorded €20.7 billion deficit in trade in goods with the rest of the world in November 2022, compared with minus €10.7 billion in November 2021, according to Eurostat. The first estimate for extra-EU exports of goods in November 2022 was €237.3 billion, up by 17.7 per cent compared with November 2021 (€201.6 billion).

EU’s imports from the rest of the world stood at €258 billion, up by 21.5 per cent compared with November 2021 (€212.3 billion). CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET

The first estimate for euro area’s exports of goods to the rest of the world in November 2022 was €264.7 billion, an increase of 17.2 per cent year-on-year (€225.9 billion). Imports from the rest of the world stood at €276.3 billion, a rise of 20.2 per cent compared with November 2021 (€229.8 billion). As a result, the euro area recorded a €11.7 billion deficit in trade in goods with the rest of the world in November 2022, compared with a deficit of €3.9 billion in the corresponding period of the previous year. Intra-euro area trade rose to €241.5 billion in November 2022, up by 16.8 per cent compared with November 2021, as per Eurostat.

In January to November 2022, extra-EU exports of goods rose to €2 352.8 billion (an increase of 18.7 per cent compared with January-November 2021), and imports rose to €2 771.1 billion (an increase of 44.8 per cent compared with January-November 2021). As a result, the EU recorded a deficit of €418.4 billion, compared with a surplus of €69.5 billion in January-November 2021. Intra-EU trade rose to €3 889.3 billion in January-November 2022, up by 23.8 per cent year-on-year (YoY).

In January to November 2022, euro area exports of goods to the rest of the world rose to €2 638.4 billion (an increase of 18.9 per cent YoY), and imports rose to €2 943.4 billion (an increase of 40.5 per cent compared with January-November 2021). As a result, the euro area recorded a deficit of €305.1 billion, compared with a surplus of €125 billion in January-November 2021. Intra-euro area trade rose to €2 506.7 billion in January-November 2022, up by 25.5 per cent YoY. CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET

In November 2022, compared with November 2021, all the member states registered increases in extra-EU exports except Estonia (minus 13.2 per cent), and Cyprus (minus 10.6 per cent). The highest increases were registered in Slovenia (61.1 per cent), Bulgaria (53.4 per cent), and Malta (50.6 per cent).

With regard to the extra-EU imports, all member states registered increases, except Estonia (minus 14.9 per cent), Cyprus (minus 13.8 per cent), and Latvia (minus 2.1 per cent) who registered a decrease. The highest increases were observed in Hungary (74 per cent) and Greece (40.9 per cent).


CO2-Based-Polyester - rPET

-The Recognition Of The Mass Balance Chain Of Custody Is Key To Accelerating Chemical Recycling And Meeting The EU’s Climate And Circularity Targets

The EU’s Single-Use Plastics Directive and the proposal for a revised Packaging and Packaging Waste Regulation set out recycling targets for used packaging in order to reduce packaging waste and promote the use of recycled content in new packaging. In particular, the European Commission’s proposal for the Packaging and Packaging Waste Regulation stipulates that at least 50% of all plastic waste in the EU be recycled by 2025.

The EU chemical industry supports a broad EU action to tackle waste and accelerate recycling. Where recycled content targets are concerned, chemical recycling technologies developed by the industry are a viable option to curb plastic waste and can complement mechanical recycling. CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET

For the chemical recycling rates to accelerate in the EU, industry needs to invest more in chemical recycling facilities. For the investments to take off, clarity about the use of a mass balance chain of custody method to calculate the recycled content of plastics in products is required.  Unfortunately, the current Commission proposal does not provide enough clarity on the use of this method which can hamper further progress of chemical recycling.

Why is Mass Balance important?

The mass balance methodology is needed to allow for a smooth and rapid transition to leverage recycled feedstocks in existing infrastructure, together with the virgin fossil sourced feedstock. As the two different feedstocks cannot be physically separated once they are co-fed into the complex large-scale installations, the mass balance methodology is required to accurately calculate and verify the amount of recycled content allocated to products.

It is important to be able to leverage existing infrastructure to allow co-feeding of the recycled feedstock, replacing part of the fossil-sourced feedstock. It would be counterproductive to build an entirely new stand-alone infrastructure for producing plastics solely from recycled waste.

Mass balance is a well-known “chain of custody” model, as defined in ISO standard 22095, already used in other sectors, such as biofuels, fairtrade cacao and coffee. It tracks a specific characteristic, in this case recycled materials co-processed with virgin materials in existing assets, and guarantees that the recycled content is appropriately allocated to products. Mass balance will help ensure that recycled feedstock progressively replaces more and more fossil-based virgin materials in the production of plastics and a broad range of chemicals and products in Europe. CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET

As explained by Annick Meerschman, Cefic Innovation Director:

“84% of all plastics produced annually in the EU does not  find its way back into new products . Substantial amounts of plastic are still landfilled, incinerated or exported. In this context, innovation and complementary recycling technologies and business models are needed to transition from a linear economy towards a sustainable circular economy. This need calls for rapid scale-up of both mechanical and chemical recycling technologies.”

Since one of the main barriers to scale-up chemical recycling technologies is uncertainty about the method for calculating the recycled content of plastics,

“we need EU rules to support chemical recycling as a complementary solution to mechanical recycling, to pull investments into this technology and help the EU meet targets for more recycled content. We also need a clear mass balance method as a key enabler of this process, if we want to meet EU’s climate and circularity targets in time”, continued Meerschman. CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET


CO2-Based-Polyester - rPET

-ESG Shows Ways from Pollution to Solution to Recycled Plastic Companies: Astra ESG Solutions   

The growing spotlight on the environmental, social and governance (ESG) framework has prompted the recycled plastic industry players to foster their sustainability portfolio. Stakeholders are positioning themselves to connect brands with environmentally friendly plastic. In essence, recycling companies are gearing up to minimize waste and seek innovative ways to combat carbon emissions. Amidst the global push to eradicate pollution, packaging has garnered huge headlines. UNEP notes that global plastic production is pegged at 400 million tons per year. Besides, merely 9% of this is recycled and 12% is incinerated. Accordingly, in March 2022, the U.N. member states endorsed a resolution to beat plastic pollution and create an international legally binding agreement by 2024. Sustainable and affordable options for recycled products have gained ground, furthering the need for ESG frameworks globally. CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET

Public policy could be instrumental in overcoming plastic packaging pollution. The ubiquitous nature of plastic has put pressure on regulators and investors to find solutions for pollution across sectors, including retail, manufacturing, industrial, and electronics. According to Greenpeace, supermarkets in the U.K. emit 800,000 tons of plastic packaging per year, while the government is committed to ensuring all plastic packaging is reusable, recyclable or compostable by 2025. Meanwhile, in May 2022, legislators in New York proposed two bills to enhance plastic recycling rates. It would need producers to eliminate toxic chemicals from packaging, minimize packaging and pay for recycling and disposal costs.

Veolia Bolsters Environmental Profile to Navigate Growth Potentials

Concerted efforts from manufacturers and suppliers to combat pollution have led to the demand for recycled products and services. The shifting trend toward recycled products is expected to foster the environmental profile. Companies upgrading technologies to reduce environmental impacts could be the new normal. Veolia asserted in its Integrated Report 2021-2022 that around 476 thousand metric tons of plastic were recycled in its transformation plants in 2021. The company has acquired a host of end technologies to recycle plastic and equipment for biological, material and energy processing. It expects around 610,000 metric tons of recycled plastic to leave its processing plants by 2023.

With China and countries from Europe and North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) witnessing a surge in plastic production, stakeholders are poised to boost their efforts to eliminate waste from the environment. CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET

Leading players are likely to use polyethylene (HDPE or LDPE)—in packaging or construction—and polypropylene (PP)—in household appliances, furniture, automotive and construction. In October 2022, Veolia rolled out PlastiLoop which will help customers source recycled plastics with a host of polymers. The France-based company has been offering high-performance ready-to-use recycled resins, including HDPE, PP, PET, LDPE and PS.

Discover more regarding the practices and strategies being implemented by industry participants in the Recycled Plastic Industry ESG Thematic Report, 2023, published by Astra ESG Solutions

PureCycle Emphasizes Social Performance

Well-established players are positioning themselves to connect brands with sustainable and high-quality products and complement social responsibilities. Recycling technology companies are prioritizing workplace safety, diversity and training & development, recruiting & hiring, discipline, compensation & benefits. To illustrate, PureCycle has a Diversity & Inclusion Policy in place to foster non-discrimination, equal employment opportunity and diversity and inclusion, among others. The company alluded to a low turnover as low as 7.5% in 2021. It has also put forth risk management systems and formed policies to help reduce possible accidents, such as team member and visitor safety protocols, a code of business conduct and ethics, guidelines for management systems and operational excellence policy. CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET

Moreover, the company is slated to establish a recruiting and employee engagement program to reinforce a resilient workforce.

Investors, manufacturers and other stakeholders have underscored the importance of workers’ safety. Prominently Shell inferred that over 100,000 employees and contractors completed compulsory training on the Life-Saving Rules that came into effect from January 2022. It is also committed to its Shell Supplier Principles and expects contractors and suppliers to offer a dedicated whistle-blowing mechanism where grievances pertaining to labor and human rights, Health, Safety, Security, Environment (HSSE) & Social Performance (SP) and business integrity are recorded anonymously.

Dow Invests in Corporate Governance Structure

Stakeholders have depicted profound inclination to enhance governance, accountability and transparency. In doing so, industry players are likely to maintain a board with diverse backgrounds, design compensation programs and ensure a culture of integrity. According to Dow’s 2021 ESG report, 5 new members of its board have been women or U.S. ethnic minorities in the last 3 years.

It has also set comprehensive ESG disclosures in line with GHG Protocol, GRI, TCFD, WEF and SASB. In its 2021 report, the company alluded to meeting the 2017 commitment to fully implement the TCFD recommendation. CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET

Get more insights about how key industry participants like REMONDIS SE & Co. KG, Biffa, Stericycle, Republic Services, Inc., WM Intellectual Property Holdings, LLC, and Veolia are identifying, analyzing, and mitigating ESG risks and ensuring compliance

All board committees—audit committee; compensation and leadership development committee; corporate governance committee and Environment, Health, Safety & Technology (EHS&T) Committee— comprise independent directors. The board and its committees underscored ESG transparency and accountability with the first integrated ESG report in 2021. Furthermore, the company noted in its second annual ESG report released in June 2022 that it took a giant stride with enhanced carbon emissions reporting and climate risk disclosures and greenhouse gas intensity metrics.

Corporate governance, with the focus on recycling technologies, has become the mainstay for board members and stakeholders to remain ahead of the curve. In the last two years, Dow has reportedly infused around USD 50 million into recycling infrastructure, impact funds and major technologies to transform waste into solutions. Moreover, in June 2022, it revealed a slew of partnerships in plastics recycling, including the collaboration with Mura Technology. It will help eliminate plastic pollution with the construction of advanced recycling facilities. Mura’s first plant using the technology could begin in 2023 in England.

Is your business one of participants to the Global Recycled Plastic Industry? Contact us for focused consultation around ESG Investing, and help you build sustainable business practices.

At a time when environmental, social and governance frameworks could propel customer-centric, innovative and sustainable, stakeholders could inject funds into organic and inorganic strategies. CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET

For instance, in January 2022, SCG Chemicals announced a collaboration with Shell to introduce eco-friendly lubricant bottles. The packaging reportedly recycles household plastic waste complying with ESG and the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Grand View Research anticipates the global recycled plastic market to depict around 4.8% CAGR by 2030. Industry leaders are expected to underpin their efforts to minimize GHG emissions, prevent plastic waste and provide recycled plastic products.

Key Benefits of the Recycled Plastic Industry ESG Thematic Report

  • Developing a comprehensive understanding of macro-economic, Policies & Regulations and innovations affecting the Recycled Plastic space, globally
  • Key insights into environmental developments and ESG issues affecting the theme
  • Identifying ESG risks and opportunities to business among leading players in the Recycled Plastic
  • Obtaining a clear and relevant understanding of company actions, progress, and impact and find opportunities for investment into the sector

Browse more ESG Thematic Reports from the Materials Sector, published by Astra – ESG Solutions

About Astra – ESG Solutions By Grand View Research

Astra is the Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) arm of Grand View Research Inc. – a global market research publishing & management consulting firm.

Astra offers comprehensive ESG thematic assessment & scores across diverse impact & socially responsible investment topics, including both public and private companies along with intuitive dashboards. CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET

Our ESG solutions are powered by robust fundamental & alternative information. Astra specializes in consulting services that equip corporates and the investment community with the in-depth ESG research and actionable insight they need to support their bottom lines and their values. We have supported our clients across diverse ESG consulting projects & advisory services, including climate strategies & assessment, ESG benchmarking, stakeholder engagement programs, active ownership, developing ESG investment strategies, ESG data services, build corporate sustainability reports. Astra team includes a pool of industry experts and ESG enthusiasts who possess extensive end-end ESG research and consulting experience at a global level.

For more ESG Thematic reports, please visit Astra ESG Solutions, powered by Grand View Research

Need expert consultation around identifying, analyzing and creating a plan to mitigate ESG risks related to your business? Share your concerns and queries, we can help!


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ESG Shows Ways from Pollution to Solution to Recycled Plastic Companies: Astra ESG Solutions 

-Packaging boost for high voltage microbattery

Researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign have created a high-voltage 9V lithium microbattery with a unique packaging design.

The battery is hermetically sealed to prevent exposure to ambient air  in single-, double-, and triple-stacked configurations with high operating voltages, high power densities, and energy densities. CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET

“We need powerful tiny batteries to unlock the full potential of microscale devices, by improving the electrode architectures and coming up with innovative battery designs,” said Paul Braun, Material Science and Engineering Professor at the University.

The problem, say the researchers, is that as batteries become smaller, the packaging dominates the battery volume and mass while the electrode area becomes smaller. This results in drastic reductions in energy and power of the battery.

The researchers developed novel packaging technology that used the positive and negative terminal current collectors as part of the packaging itself rather than a separate entity. This allowed for the compact volume (= 0.165 cm3) and low package mass fraction (10.2%) of the batteries. In addition, they vertically stacked the electrode cells in series (so the voltage of each cell adds), which enabled the high operating voltage of the battery.

Another way they improved the microbatteries was by using very dense electrodes, which offers energy density. Normal electrodes are almost 40% by volume occupied by polymers and carbon additives (not active materials). The researchers have grown electrodes by an intermediate temperature direct electrodeposition technique that are fully dense and without polymer and carbon additives. CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET

These fully dense electrodes offer more volumetric energy density than their commercial counterparts. The microbatteries were fabricated using the dense electroplated DirectPlate LiCoO2 electrodes manufactured by Xerion Advanced Battery Corporation (XABC, Dayton, Ohio), a company that spun out of Braun’s research.

“To date,” says Arghya Patra, graduate student, MatSE, MRL, and co-first author of a paper on the research, “electrode architectures and cell designs at the micro-nano scale have been limited to power dense designs that came at the cost of porosity and volumetric energy density. Our work has been successful to create a microscale energy source that exhibits both high power density and volumetric energy density.”

An important application space of these microbatteries, say the researchers, includes powering insect-size microrobots to obtain valuable information during natural disasters, search and rescue missions, and in hazardous environments where direct human access is impossible.

“The high voltage is important for reducing the electronic payload that a microrobot needs to carry,” says co-author James Pikul (Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Pennsylvania). “9 V can directly power motors and reduce the energy loss associated with boosting the voltage to the hundreds or thousands of volts needed from some actuators.

This means that these batteries enable system level improvements beyond their energy density enhancement so that the small robots can travel farther or send more critical information to human operators.” CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET

Dr. Sungbong Kim (Postdoc, MatSE, current assistant professor at Korea Military Academy, co-first author) adds, “Our work bridges the knowledge gap at the intersection of materials chemistry, unique materials manufacturing requirements for energy dense planar microbattery configurations, and applied nano-microelectronics that require a high-voltage, on-board type power source to drive microactuators and micromotors.”

Their current microbattery design, say the researchers, is well-suited for high-energy, high-power, high-voltage, single-discharge applications. Their next step is to translate the design to all solid-state microbattery platforms, batteries that would inherently be safer and more energy dense than liquid-cell counterparts.

Serially integrated high-voltage and high power miniature batteries


Packaging boost for high voltage microbattery

-Plastic recycling in Poland

According to a recent study conducted on 120 companies in the sector, the market would be undersized compared to its potential.
According to a study conducted by the Polish magazine Plastics Review, the plastics recycling turnover in the country is estimated at 613 million euros, a low value which suggests good growth opportunities for the future, considering the importance of plastics in the Polish economy. CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET

Just think that the sales of recycled plastics grew by almost 50% in 2021 compared to the previous year.
About 150 recycling companies operate in the country, with an average turnover estimated in 2021 at 220 thousand euros a year.

Overall, around 400 thousand tons of plastic waste were recycled in the country. “There is a great future for plastics recycling in Poland – says Waldemar Sobanski, editor-in-chief of Plastics Review -.

The inflow of capital will contribute to the rapid implementation of modern technologies, which should lead to rapid business development. notice, plastic recycling is one of the most attractive investment directions for the Polish economy in the coming years”.
The study published by the Polish magazine was conducted on the financial results of over 120 plastics recyclers active in Poland, on the basis of which a ranking of the top 77 companies in the sector was compiled.


Plastic recycling in Poland

CO2-Based-Polyester – rPET

Ukraine-GDP – Fishing-net-waste 18-01-2023

Ukraine-GDP – Fishing-net-waste 18-01-2023

Ukraine-GDP – Fishing-net-waste

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-ALPLA on course for success with record turnover of 5.1 billion euros

The ALPLA Group can look back on a successful financial year 2022 in spite of the crisis. Sales of 5.1 billion euros exceeded the previous year’s figure by 27.5 per cent. In addition to the company’s growth strategy, the record turnover reflects the significantly higher costs for energy, materials, staff and transport. In 2023, the packaging and recycling specialist will focus on expanding its injection moulding capacities, investing in recycling, expanding its Pharma division and researching alternative materials.

ALPLA continued its international growth trajectory in 2022, expanding production capacities, increasing staff numbers and posting sales growth of 27.5 per cent. The international specialist for packaging solutions and recycling therefore achieved a positive annual result despite massive increases in energy prices and a shortage of raw materials. Newly opened sites, acquisitions and expansions resulted in more than 1,000 additional employees. Ukraine-GDP – Fishing-net-waste

The number of plants increased from 177 to 190.

‘The packaging industry will be dealing with high costs, changes in demand and changing consumer behaviour for a long time to come. We use efficiency, innovation and recycling expertise to realise safe, affordable and sustainable plastic solutions in times of crisis too,’ emphasises ALPLA CEO Philipp Lehner. In addition to targeted acquisitions, the key factors contributing to the success were close and long-standing partnerships, strong regional roots and the expedited expansion of recycling capacities.

Growth markets, injection moulding and recycling

The long-term aim is for the company to grow by four to five per cent annually. In addition to capacity expansions in its core business, ALPLA is also planning strategic investments in injection moulding, increased involvement in the pharmaceutical sector and the expansion of the global circular economy. At the same time, there will be research into alternative, bio-based and biodegradable materials. Ukraine-GDP – Fishing-net-waste

‘We are striving for long-term sustainable growth, strengthening our global presence, promoting recyclable products, minimising the use of resources and energy consumption, and expanding our portfolio,’ announces Lehner.

The focus is primarily on the growth markets of Africa, the Middle East, Asia and North America. In the area of recycling, ALPLA has been investing more than 50 million euros annually in capacity expansions and technology development since 2021. For there to be more packaging which is both recyclable and affordable, closed loops and sufficient materials are needed. ALPLA is therefore planning to double the annual production of recycled materials at its own plants by 2026 and is supporting the development and optimisation of local collection systems around the world.



Erik Nielsen

Team Leader Corporate Communications

+43 5574 602 1701


Ukraine-GDP - Fishing-net-waste

-Dow reviews January increase in PE prices in the US

Dow has revised its January increase in U.S. polyethylene (PE) prices and expects a February price hike, ICIS said.

Dow has revised a previously announced increase of 7 cents per pound (USD154 per tonne) on all grades of polyethylene (PE) by 5 cents per pound from Jan. 1, according to the company’s letter to customers. The letter also said the Dow would seek a price hike of 5 cents per pound from Feb. 1.

Domestic demand for polyethylene has been persistently low due to lower manufacturing activity and recession fears, while export sales have picked up in recent months as logistics restrictions in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico have improved.

Natural gas and ethane costs have declined in recent months as a relatively mild winter following a winter storm in late December led to lower-than-expected demand for natural gas for heating. This has eased pressure on the margins of U.S. polyethylene producers as domestic contract prices have stabilized at the rollover level for the past three straight months. Ukraine-GDP – Fishing-net-waste

December contract prices for polyethylene were at 70-92 cents per pound for LDPE, 63-87 cents per pound for low-density butene linear polyethylene (LDL C4) and 66-86 cents per pound for HDPE for blow molding, DEL US.

According to MrC ScanPlast, according to the results of eleven months of 2022, the estimated consumption of polyethylene (excluding exports to Belarus and Kazakhstan) amounted to 2,456.24 thousand tons, which is 12% more than in the same period a year earlier. The supply of all types of ethylene polymers has increased.

Major U.S. polyethylene producers include Chevron Phillips Chemical (CP Chem), Dow, LyondellBasell, ExxonMobil, Formosa, INEOS, Total Petrochemicals, and Westlake.


Ukraine-GDP - Fishing-net-waste

-LG Chem signs deal with local venture for fishing net waste supply

LG Chem Ltd., South Korea’s top chemical producer, said Thursday it has signed an initial agreement with a local startup on the supply of fishing net waste to use it as feedstock for plastic recycling.

Netspa, LG Chem’s new partner, has developed a technology to extract high-purity nylon from fishing net scraps and other marine waste.

Under the memorandum of understanding with Netspa, LG Chem will use the extracted material to recycle plastics at its new pyrolysis plant under construction in the country’s central region. Ukraine-GDP – Fishing-net-waste

LG Chem announced in November last year it will build new facilities that will recycle plastic waste into oil using high-temperature steam.

The oil is then used as feedstock to manufacture new plastics.

The new pyrolysis plant is set to go into operation in 2024.

South Korea releases approximately 50,000 tons of marine litter every year in the domestic market only, according to LG Chem.

The bulk of them are usually burned or dumped into the sea because of high costs for collection and reprocessing, contributing to environmental pollution.

LG Chem said it expects the partnership will help do its part in the preservation and protection of the marine ecosystem and reduction of carbon emissions.

LG Chem has been bolstering the push for bio crude and biomass segments under the goal of achieving net zero by 2050.


Ukraine-GDP - Fishing-net-waste

-The World Bank predicted a decline in Russia’s GDP by 3.3% in 2023

The World Bank (WB) expects Russia’s GDP to shrink by 3.3% this year and increase by 1.6% next year, TASS reported.

According to the report of the World Bank (WB), dedicated to the prospects for the development of the world economy, by the end of 2022, the decline in the Russian Federation was 3.5%. The figures for 2022 were 5.4% better than predicted in the Bank’s June report – then it was expected that Russia’s GDP would decline in 2022 by as much as 8.9%. Ukraine-GDP – Fishing-net-waste

At the same time, the forecast for 2023 worsened compared to June by 1.3% – then a decline of 2% was expected. For 2024, the forecast also became worse by 0.6% – in June, the bank expected the growth of the Russian economy by 2.2% in 2024.

Russia’s GDP is projected to contract again by 3.3% in 2023 as the eu’s delayed oil embargo fully comes into effect and natural gas exports decline due to the suspension of Russian supplies to the EU via the Nord Stream 1 gas pipeline. Growth is projected to resume in 2024 at 1.6%. There will be moderate growth in consumption and a limited recovery in exports as Russia reorients its trade ties,” the document says.

Earlier it was reported that the decline of the Russian economy in October slowed to 4.4% in annual comparison with 4.5% in September.

The World Bank predicted a decline in Russia's GDP by 3.3% in 2023

-MEGlobal increases February MEG price

MEGlobal has nominated its February 2023 monoethylene glycol (MEG) Asian Contract Price (ACP) at USD840/tonne, up by USD20/tonne from its January ACP, said the company.

The price is on a CFR (cost and freight) Asia basis. Ukraine-GDP – Fishing-net-waste

Asia MEG prices have rebounded to above USD500/tonne CFR China Main Ports (CMP) since 10 January on the back of pre-holiday restocking before the Chinese Lunar New Year holiday.

We remind, MEGlobal has nominated its January 2023 monoethylene glycol (MEG) Asian Contract Price (ACP) at USD820/tonne, up by USD20/tonne from the December ACP. The price is on a CFR (cost and freight) Asia basis.

Asia MEG market has bottomed out in December after China relaxed its COVID curbs, but the upcoming new capacities in China and India may weigh on the prices.


MEGlobal increases February MEG price

-Ukraine’s GDP in 2022 decreased by 30.4% – the Ministry of Economy

The Economy Ministry has tentatively estimated Ukraine’s 2022 GDP drop at 30.4 percent with a margin of error of 2 percent, a better indicator than preliminary forecasts suggested, the Economy Ministry said in a statement.

According to the preliminary assessment of analysts of the department (using indirect calculation methods and modeling tools), made taking into account the operational assessment of the State Statistics Service of real GDP for three quarters of 2022 (in the first quarter of 2022, a decrease compared to the first quarter of 2021 by 15.1%, in the second quarter – by 37.2%, in the third quarter – by 30.8%, respectively), the fall in GDP by the end of 2022 is estimated at 30.4%. Ukraine-GDP – Fishing-net-waste

In 2021, economic growth was 3.4%.

“This is objectively the worst result since independence, but somewhat better than most experts expected at the beginning of the full-scale invasion, when estimates varied between 40-50% of the fall in GDP and deeper,” the Ministry of Economy emphasized.

At the same time, in December, the fall in GDP was estimated at the level of – 34 [±2%], which is slightly better than the estimates for November (GDP fall at 37 [±2%]) (respectively, the fourth quarter – a drop of 35.5 [ ±2%]), given a certain stabilization of the situation with energy supply after shelling in November.

In 2023, the Ukrainian economy may grow by about 1%, inflation and the state budget deficit will decrease, according to the Memorandum of Cooperation with the IMF.

Earlier it was noted that the National Bank of Ukraine predicts a drop in the gross domestic product (GDP) of Ukraine in 2022 by 31.5%. In 2023, the economy will grow by 4.0%, in 2024 – by 5.2%. According to the government’s forecast, real GDP will grow by 3.2% after falling by 32.0% in 2022. Ukraine-GDP – Fishing-net-waste


Ukraine's GDP in 2022 decreased by 30.4% - the Ministry of Economy

-Switzerland generates more plastic waste than neighbours

On average each resident of Switzerland leaves 95 kg of plastic waste behind them in a year, according to a report by Oceancare. This figure places Switzerland ahead Germany, Austria, France and Italy, reported RTS.

Oceancare used 2010 statistics from Switzerland’s Federal Office for the Environment to compile the data. Ukraine-GDP – Fishing-net-waste

Ewoud Lauwerier, one of the studies authors, explained how the level of waste is linked to GDP. Given that Switzerland has very high consumption it isn’t surprising that it has such high plastic waste, said Lauwerier.

According to the report, much of the plastic waste ends up in the soil, rivers and lakes and has an environmental cost of around CHF 200 million a year. Much of it cannot be collected because it ends up as micro plastic.

The largest source of micro plastic (14,000 tonnes p.a.) comes from vehicle tyre wear. Tyre wear accounts for 8,900 tonnes annually. The second largest amount of plastic waste (2,700 tonnes p.a.) comes from litter.

In Lake Geneva alone, 55 tonnes of plastic waste are added every year.

What should be done? According to Lauwerier, Switzerland has the required laws. It just need to apply them.


Switzerland generates more plastic waste than neighbours

Ukraine-GDP – Fishing-net-waste

Sustainable-nylon-tire – H2 – rPC 17-01-2023

Sustainable-nylon-tire – H2 – rPC 17-01-2023

Sustainable-nylon-tire – H2 – rPC

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Century Enka begins commercial production of sustainable nylon tire cord fabric

A new sustainable material developed by Century Enka will be utilized by Apollo Tyres for selected ranges in various segments. In what it states is a first, Century Enka has launched commercial production of NTCF (nylon tire cord fabric) made from 100% recycled nylon waste.

NTCF was unveiled in November 2022 at the Century Enka Bharuch plant in Gujarat, India, when the first consignment of commercial supplies was dispatched to Apollo. The two companies worked jointly on this project for over a year.

Century Enka is the largest consumer of caprolactam in India, and generates in-process waste during manufacturing of polyamide yarn. This waste is then recycled back to caprolactam, which, after extensive distillation, is made suitable for production of NTCF.

“We decided to use our in-house waste for caprolactam and, with our technology from Akzo, some could be converted back to Caprolactam,” said Suresh Sodani, managing director of Century Enka. “The idea was to conserve crude oil, a finite natural resource, for making virgin caprolactam and avoid misuse of polyamide waste – which is highly detrimental to the environment. I am proud of our teams for this remarkable achievement.” Sustainable-nylon-tire – H2 – rPC

Sustainable fabric from Century Enka is subject to rigorous quality assessments and is GRS certified.


Sustainable-nylon-tire - H2 - rPC

-We hope that the DAVOS economists get this forecast wrong too – two thirds of the chief economists of banks and companies, present at the “WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM”, believe a global recession is “extremely probable” – they all expect weak, or very weak growth, in EUROPE, and 91% feel the same opinion for the USA

2023 will bring a global recession, with the economy continuing to be marked by geopolitical tensions and the Fed and the ECB continuing with monetary tightening.
This is the summary of the Chief Economists Outlook, a survey of the chief economists of the major financial institutions and companies.

Of which two-thirds – double that of last September – consider a global recession “extremely probable”. Sustainable-nylon-tire – H2 – rPC

All the economists interviewed in the survey expect weak or very weak growth in Europe, 91% have the same opinion for the USA. Judgment divided for China, where the choice to abandon the zero Covid policy would give a boost to growth, but with repercussions from the health impact that all need to be evaluated.

Sustainable-nylon-tire - H2 - rPC

-DSM Expands Fuel Lock for Hydrogen Storage

Augmented portfolio offers more robust performance in Type IV pressure vessels.

DSM Engineering Materials has launched two new grades — FLX40-HP and FLX-LP — for use as liner materials in Type IV pressure vessels for hydrogen storage. By adding these new materials to its Akulon Fuel Lock portfolio, more robust performance in processing and greater resiliency in sustainable large-sized designs will be possible for tank and pressure vessel manufacturers. The polyamide used to make the Akulon Fuel Lock compounds has a minimal CO2 footprint and contributes to an overall more favorable life-cycle analysis in line with the intended green application of hydrogen use and storage as an alternative carbon-free fuel in mobile transport. Sustainable-nylon-tire – H2 – rPC

With these two new products, DSM Engineering Materials is staying abreast of the trend of designing sustainable and large-sized pressure vessels for trucks, buses, and mobile hydrogen transport. The advanced PA 6 is suited for producing Type IV pressure vessels that are 70% lighter than steel alternatives and offer mechanical strength, dimensional stability, and impact resistance throughout part lifetimes.

Akulon Fuel Lock tank liners also enhance vehicle safety and fuel efficiency through a barrier that reduces permeation leakage of hydrogen from the pressure vessel. The Akulon Fuel Lock portfolio of PA 6 materials all have a higher barrier than standard PA 6, allowing for thinner walls in monolayer tanks.

Akulon FLX-LP is an injection molding grade with excellent processing behavior and extremely high toughness and ductility at low temperatures (-40°C and below). These properties enable designs for increased life-time performance through extended pressure cycle testing.

Akulon FLX40-HP is a high-viscosity material, which makes it suitable for extrusion and blow molding. Material advantages include:

  • Improved heat stabilization package, which creates a more robust processing window during extrusion and blow molding and reduces oxidation at the surface;
  • better impact modifier system, which creates more toughness and ductility at low temperatures (-40°C and below);
  • improved pinch line performance in the blow molding process.

Both material grades are launching in addition to the existing FLE-LP and FLE40-HP grades in the Akulon Fuel Lock portfolio. All these materials meet the requirements of EC79 and R134 standards.

DSM’s patented Fuel Lock technology in both new grades ensures excellent barrier performance against hydrogen permeation and enables reduced thickness of the liner compared to polyamide and polyolefin products. Sustainable-nylon-tire – H2 – rPC


Sustainable-nylon-tire - H2 - rPC

-Eco-friendly Polycarbonate Boasts 90% Recycled Content

Korea’s Samyang targets automobiles, appliances, laptops, medical devices, and building & construction with its latest UL-certified flame-retardant offering.

Samyang Corp. has developed Korea’s first eco-friendly polycarbonate (PC) resin containing more than 90% post-consumer recycled (PCR) material. Transparent and resistant to impact and heat, PC is mainly used in interior and exterior components for automobiles, home appliances, soundproof walls, and medical device parts. The new grade is UL-rated at V-0.

Compounding recycled PC with virgin PC requires a high level of technology and expertise, according to Samyang. When manufacturing PC, flame retardants, reinforcing materials, and colorants are added to enhance the performance of the polymer and improve aesthetics. However, such additives cause adverse effects during the melting process at high temperature, weakening the physical properties of PC. For this reason, PCR PCs developed by other Korean companies contain a maximum of 85% of recycled PC material, according to Samyang, while the majority of PCR PCs on the market contain 30 to 50% of recycled PC material. Sustainable-nylon-tire – H2 – rPC

Within two years, Samyang succeeded in developing a PCR PC that contains more than 90% recycled PC content while retaining the inherent physical properties of PC, such as heat resistance, transparency, and impact resistance. This is enabled by optimizing the ratio of recycled material and additives during the compounding process. Securing suppliers of quality recycled PC material who closely monitor the degree of contamination and foreign substances was also paramount.

Samyang says that the newly developed PCR PC has the effect of reducing carbon dioxide emissions by about 6,200 tonnes based on production of 1,000 tonnes compared with fossil fuel-based PC. This is an equivalent amount of carbon dioxide emitted by 3,200 cars per year.

Samyang plans to first apply PCR PC to small electrical home appliances such as laptops, then expand its application extensively in various areas in the future, namely electronics and decorative applications. Meanwhile, the company plans to continue expanding the scope of applications by applying PCR PC to various plastic resins such as ABS and PBT.

“There are only a few places in the world that produce PCR PC products that contain more than 90% of recycled plastic materials while retaining the physical properties of conventional PC. We will continue to expand our high-quality, eco-friendly product portfolio to meet the global market’s demand and contribute toward the group’s ESG competitiveness,” said Samyang CEO Hosung Kang.

Samyang Group established its mid- to long-term strategy last year, called Vision 2025, which pursues the growth of eco-friendly and specialty business. Since last July, Samyang has been producing and selling resins and compounded products of a newly developed eco-friendly transparent and flame-resistant PC that does not use flame retardants.

Last August, Samyang also signed a contract to supply plastic pellets made from recycled fishing nets, further expanding its eco-friendly business portfolio.

And, Samyang Innochem built a manufacturing facility last November at its Gunsan plant that is capable of producing 15,000 tons per year of isosorbide, an eco-friendly biomass material, thereby commencing its eco-friendly plastic business in earnest.

Isosorbide has potential for the synthesis of polyurethanes, polyamides, and hardeners for epoxy resins. Sustainable-nylon-tire – H2 – rPC


Sustainable-nylon-tire - H2 - rPC

-Biorecycling of PET: Carbios and Novozymes strengthen collaboration with long-term exclusive strategic partnership

Carbios and Novozymes, leader in biological solutions, announce an exclusive long-term global strategic partnership. This major agreement ensures the long-term production and supply of Carbios’ proprietary PET-degrading enzymes at an industrial scale for the world’s first biological PET-recycling plant due to start production in 2025 in Longlaville, France, as well as Carbios’ future licensee customers. Sustainable-nylon-tire – H2 – rPC

Exclusive global partnership

Carbios and Novozymes have had a partnership since 2019 to develop enzyme-based solutions and address  the sustainability challenge of plastic pollution, both within PET-recycling and PLA-biodegradation.  Building on the current Joint Development Agreement (JDA), under the new agreement, Carbios and Novozymes will extend their collaboration to develop, optimise and produce enzymes that will subsequently be supplied by Novozymes to all licensees of Carbios’ technology.  The new agreement grants both parties exclusivity in the field of the partnership.

Large-scale industrial deployment

The strategic partnership supports the large-scale industrial deployment of Carbios’ patented PET-recycling technology starting with Carbios’ future industrial reference unit in Longlaville, which will be be the world’s first biological PET-recycling plant. Construction will begin later this year, and both building and operating permits having been filed with local authorities.  Production at the plant is set to start in 2025 and the processing capacity will be 50,000 t/a of waste.

Visit Carbios


Biorecycling of PET: Carbios and Novozymes strengthen collaboration with long-term exclusive strategic partnership

-Stora Enso completes the acquisition of De Jong Packaging Group

Stora Enso has completed the acquisition of the Netherland-based company De Jong Packaging Group, one of the largest corrugated packaging producers in the Benelux countries. The acquisition announced in September 2022 with an enterprise value of approximately EUR 1,020 million was closed today following regulatory clearances and employee consultation. Sustainable-nylon-tire – H2 – rPC

The acquisition will significantly strengthen Stora Enso’s presence in European packaging markets and provide an entry into the corrugated packaging market in the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, and the UK. With the acquisition, Stora Enso’s Packaging Solutions division will increase its corrugated packaging capacity by approximately 1,200 million m2 to more than 2,000 million m2, including De Jong Packaging Group’s ongoing expansion projects. De Jong Packaging Group’s full-year 2022 sales are estimated at approximately EUR 1 billion. Its product portfolio and geographic presence complement and enhance Stora Enso’s offering, especially in fresh produce, e-commerce, and industrial packaging.

“I am pleased to officially welcome De Jong Packaging Group as part of Stora Enso. This acquisition advances Stora Enso’s strategic direction by accelerating revenue growth and building market share in renewable packaging in Europe,” says Annica Bresky, President and CEO at Stora Enso.

For more information:

Anna-Lena Åström

Stora Enso

Tel. +46 70 210 7691



Stora Enso completes the acquisition of De Jong Packaging Group

-Developments in polaritonic chemistry

A team of international researchers, which also includes Italians, is studying how to control chemical reactions through the use of electromagnetic fields.
An international research team, led by the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) in Hamburg, which also includes Italian researchers from the Institute for Chemical-Physical Processes (IPCF) of the National Research Council (CNR) , is studying how to control chemical reactions through electromagnetic fields, a line of research that could also concern the sector of polymers and advanced materials.
Published in Nature Communications, the study is part of polaritonic chemistry, aimed at understanding how to manipulate materials through the use of optical cavities, i.e. confined spaces in which molecules interact strongly with light.
The methods commonly used to modify the course of a chemical reaction – the researchers explain – exploit parameters such as temperature and pressure, or use solid or solution catalysts: these approaches, however, act on a larger scale and often do not allow control specific and localized parts of the molecules involved. Sustainable-nylon-tire – H2 – rPC
The manipulation of materials through optical cavities instead aims at controlling the individual atoms during the reaction. When placed in these cavities, in close interaction with photons of light, the molecules undergo changes in some characteristics, including chemical reactivity.

The researchers have now succeeded in providing a theoretical explanation of the process observed so far only experimentally.
“The chemical reactions are directly related to the vibrations of the atoms involved, but it is very difficult to selectively control these movements – explains Enrico Ronca (Cnr-Ipcf), researcher who co-signed the study -.

If this were possible, however, it would be sufficient to supply only a small amount of energy to some atoms at the right time, just like a pool player wants to push only a ball on the table, for the reaction to take place”. “Our study – continues the researcher – has revealed that the conditions inside the optical cavity influence the vibration energy of the atoms around specific bonds of the molecule, thus modifying their chemical reactivity. Outside the cavity, that energy is usually deposited on a single bond during the reaction, which can eventually break — this difference is a key step in explaining why reactions are slowed down inside cavities.”
“Our theoretical work – adds Ronca – improves the understanding of the microscopic mechanisms involved in this process, in particular for the specific case of a reaction inhibited by the electromagnetic field, which we studied using the Quantum-Electrodynamical Density-Functional Theory (QEDFT) technique )”.
“We found that the cavity opens up a new reaction pathway, so energy is less likely to be channeled onto a single bond,” notes research team member Christian Schäfer of Chalmers University of Technology. Sustainable-nylon-tire – H2 – rPC

“This is the key process that it inhibits the chemical reaction, because it decreases the probability of breaking a specific bond”.
Before we can have practical applications, many important aspects still remain to be understood and further experimental validation is needed: “We expect the current results to be applicable to a broader set of relevant reactions (including click chemical reactions linked to the Prize Nobel Prize for chemistry this year) under conditions of strong coupling between light and matter”, concludes Angel Rubio, director of the theory department of the MPSD.
In addition to researchers from the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) in Hamburg and the CNR, the team includes scholars from Chalmers University of Technology (Sweden), the Center for Computational Quantum Physics of the Flatiron Institute (USA) and the Harvard University (USA).


Developments in polaritonic chemistry

Sustainable-nylon-tire – H2 – rPC

Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals 16-01-2023

Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals 16-01-2023

Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals

-Petrochemicals – PET-Bottles – MEG


Pyrolysis-technology - Petrochemicals

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-SK Geo Centric opts for Plastic Energy’s pyrolysis technology

At the recent CES 2023, SK Innovation subsidiary SK Geo Centric signed a contract with British chemical recycling company Plastic Energy under which Plastic Energy will supply the pyrolysis technology to be used for the third chemical recycling plant SK Geo Centric is planning to build in the new plastic recycling complex in Ulsan (South Korea). Na Kyung-soo, CEO of SK Geo Centric, Bruno Guillon, Chief Commercial Officer of Plastic Energy, and others attended the signing ceremony.

SK Geo Centric will start construction of the pyrolysis plant this year. The plant, with a capacity of some 66,000 tonnes of end-of-life plastic waste, will be the largest in Asia. SK Geo Centric also plans to build a pyrolysis oil post-treatment plant based on proprietary technologies designed to improve the quality of the pyrolysis oil produced.

The two companies also signed an MOU to establish a strategic partnership aimed at promoting the development of advanced recycling, following the construction of the plant in Ulsan, in selected countries across Asia. To that end, they propose to create a joint venture to fast-track the construction of new advanced recycling facilities in China, Japan and other key markets. Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals

Plastic Energy’s patented TAC process enables currently unrecyclable plastics to be converted into a feedstock called Tacoil.  This can be used to create virgin-quality plastics that are suitable for use in numerous consumer packaging products, including food and cosmetics applications.

The official name of the Ulsan plastic recycling complex  – the world’s first such complex – was announced at the signing. Called the Ulsan Advanced Recycling Cluster (ARC), it will boast three advanced chemical recycling plants based on different technologies at a single site. In that context, SK Geo Centric has partnered with global companies such as PCT (US), Loop (Canada), and now, Plastic Energy (UK) to achieve this.

SK Geo Centric is cooperating with PureCycle Technologies in the US to implement the Ultra PP supercritical extraction technology developed by that company. The technology makes it possible to remove pollutants from waste plastics. SK has signed a contract to create a joint venture following an equity investment of 55 million dollars. It has also secured exclusive sales rights in Korea and the rights to conduct business in China and Southeast Asia.

With Loop Industries, the company has formed a partnership to make use of  that company’s depolymerisation technology, which allows previously unrecyclable PET plastic and polyester fibre waste to be broken down into their base building blocks, dimethyl terephthalate (DMT) and monoethylene glycol (MEG), using low heat and no added pressure. These DMT and MEG monomers are then purified and polymerised (or re-combined) into Loop™ branded PET plastic and polyester fibre. The end product is made from 100% recycled content.SK Geo Centric has made an equity investment of 10% and holds exclusive rights to conduct business in Asia. Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals


Pyrolysis-technology - Petrochemicals

-Kolon Industries exhibits in ‘DOMOTEX Hannover 2023’, the world’s leading trade fair for carpets and flooring

Actively targets the European carpet backing market with the newly launched eco-friendly product line-up

Obtained international green certifications for the first time in Korea by the eco-friendly PET spunbond textile from recycled plastic bottles

Strengthens global network through the eco-friendly product line-up with the brand name “FINON ECO”

Kolon Industries Inc. (KRX: 120110), top chemical materials and textile maker in South Korea, exhibits its polyester spunbond textile (brand name: FINON) at ‘DOMOTEX Hannover 2023’ in Germany from 12-15 January (local time). The company plans to speed up the implementation of global marketing strategy in the European market through this world wide opportunity. Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals

‘Domotex Hannover 2023’ is a world leading trade fair for carpets and floor coverings. Exhibitors and trade show attendees introduce and exchange information about the latest trends in the global flooring industry. It has been held every year since it was first held in Hannover, Germany in 1989 and more than 730 exhibitors from 50 nations are participating this year.

The South Korean textile maker has been exhibiting in DOMOTEX Hannover every year since 2011. This time, the company is focusing on groundbreaking networks and enhancing partnerships with customers by presenting the newly launched eco-friendly PET spunbond line-up, the brand name “FINON ECO”. In particular, the company was the only non-woven textiles company to participate in ‘THE GREEN COLLECTION’, a special eco-friendly product exhibition of DOMOTEX Hannover. “FINON ECO” has been proven to be effective in sustainability by obtaining the GRS (Global Recycle Standard) and EPD (Environmental Product Declaration) certificates.

“Participating in DOMOTEX Hannover has always been a definite must for us. Our goal is to enhance global partnerships and show our differentiated technology in the global market through this world wide platform”, explains Hyeonjun Choi, Director of the company’s non-woven business. Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals

Polyester spunbond is a non-woven fabric that is bonded after being spun in the form of filaments. It is widely used as carpet backing, media filters, construction, civil engineering materials and more. Kolon Industries Inc. was the first synthetic textiles manufacturing company in South Korea and started the spunbond business in 1985. It has developed its own technologies to supply high quality products with excellent mechanical properties and durability to customers worldwide.

About Kolon Industries Inc.

Kolon Industries is a South Korean chemical and textile manufacturing company. It was founded in 1957 as Korea Nylon Inc., the first nylon manufacturer in Korea. It has since expanded to a global comprehensive chemical company focusing on four major businesses: industrial materials, chemical, film/electronic materials and fashion. It is actively creating sustainable values through development of eco-friendly materials for biodegradable plastics, representative materials of hydrogen fuel cell, and upcycling fashion brands. Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals


Pyrolysis-technology - Petrochemicals

-Michelin Partners with DHL to Trial Airless Puncture-Proof Tire

First-ever pilot on Singapore roads will see prototype tires fitted to nearly 50 DHL delivery vehicles in Singapore by the end of 2023.

Nearly 50 DHL Express vans will begin running on Michelin Uptis airless tires to make last-mile deliveries in Singapore by the end of 2023.

The pilot program began with the first vehicles making delivery trips from Jan. 10 of this year. One year ahead of schedule, the very first Michelin Uptis tires are now marketed in real-world conditions. Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals

The Michelin Uptis prototype is a puncture-proof tire and wheel assembly with no compressed air and is intended for cars and light vans. The air has been replaced by a revolutionary structure capable of supporting the vehicle. This ensures the wheel’s robustness and guarantees driving comfort and safety. It was designed as a plug-and-play solution that allows users to drive conveniently and not worry about road hazards impacting the tires. It also limits the number of tires scrapped due to punctures.

With the Michelin Uptis tire, DHL can optimize its fleet’s productivity and ensure business continuity, as tire pressure issues and punctures are eliminated. This will lower the frequency of tire replacement, leading to less wastage.

“Michelin Uptis is a major breakthrough innovation in the tire field. This is a result of some fifty patents linked to the tire’s structure and high-tech materials,” said Bruno De Feraudy, Director of OEM activities for the Michelin Group. “It demonstrates Michelin’s capacity for innovation in favor of safer mobility that is better for the environment. We are delighted that DHL is trusting Michelin to equip its fleet with the very first Michelin Uptis tires, marketed one year ahead of schedule.”

According to a patent filed by Michelin, “Spoke Edge Geometry for a Non-Pneumatic Tire,” the spokes in the airless tire can be made from “liquid polyurethane in a mold.” It is contemplated that “other thermosetting or thermoplastic materials could be used.” Another patent describes a “continuous loop reinforcement assembly or yarn with a higher melt temperature material and lower melt temperature material configured in a core/sheath arrangement combined with a polyurethane matrix material.”

“As a pioneer in green logistics, we are excited to partner with Michelin to trial its airless tires on our vehicles in Singapore,” said Christopher Ong, Managing Director at DHL Express Singapore. “To drive sustainability efforts here, we have since converted 80 vehicles in our ground fleet to electric vans. This collaboration marks another milestone for us as we set out to green our last-mile operations and achieve net-zero carbon emissions across the DHL network globally.” Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals

Airless technology is the key to Michelin’s vision of a fully sustainable tire by 2050. Today, 20% of tires are scrapped prematurely due to flats and blowouts (12%) or irregular wear and tear caused by poor tire pressure (8%). Based on internal research, Michelin projects that Uptis airless technology could prevent premature scrapping of up to 200 million tires a year worldwide or 2 million tonnes of material — a material savings roughly equivalent to the weight of 200 Eiffel Towers.


Pyrolysis-technology - Petrochemicals

-Nexeo Plastics and Teknor Apex announce strategic partnership

Nexeo Plastics announced an expansion of its relationship with Teknor Apex. Nexeo Plastics will become a key distributor for Teknor Apex in Europe of its portfolio of thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs) under the Sarlink and Monprene brands, said the company.

This partnership provides Nexeo Plastics customers with a broad portfolio of TPE technologies, including styrenic block copolymer (SBC or TPS), thermoplastic vulcanizate (TPV) and specialty adhesion-modified grades for multi-shot molding onto a wide variety of engineering resins. The Teknor Apex TPE portfolio encompasses several product lines developed over time to meet specific industry requirements: Sarlink TPVsare ideal for sealing applications that require superior elasticity and long-term performance that well serve the automotive, industrial, consumer, and building & construction markets. Sarlink® styrenic-based TPEs provide automotive OEMs with more design flexibility and superior colorability for interior applications. Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals

Monprene® TPEs are extremely versatile with a wide hardness range and broad thermal performance. These materials are ideal for consumer products, industrial applications and packaging, and include grades formulated for food-contact applications.

“This partnership with Teknor Apex enlarges our portfolio of high-value TPEs and complements the solutions we offer key industries, such as automotive, packaging, consumer, industrial and building and construction,” said Joost d’ Hooghe, Vice President EMEA at Nexeo Plastics.

“Nexeo Plastics and Teknor Apex complement each other well with our highly customer centric approach and similar broad customer base and market coverage. The European market is well served by our partnership; providing real value with our state-of-the-art systems and high level of technical support capabilities,” said Stef Hordijk, Director of Sales and Marketing for the TPE Division in the Europe. “Their extensive distribution in Europe significantly expands our reach in important target markets.”

Nexeo Plastics is accepting orders for Teknor’s TPE products beginning Jan. 1, 2023.

MRC earlier said, Nexeo Univar Inc., announced that it has completed the acquisition of Nexeo Solutions, creating a leading global chemical and ingredients solutions provider. The combined company will conduct business as Univar Solutions, reflecting a commitment to combining the ‘best of the best’ from each legacy organization.

Nexeo Plastics is a leading global thermoplastic resins distributor, representing quality products from world-class suppliers, and serving a diverse customer base across North America, Latin America, Europe, Middle East, Africa and Asia. From material selection assistance to identifying supply chain and inventory solutions, we go beyond traditional logistics to provide value-added services across many industries, including automotive, healthcare, packaging, wire and cable.


Nexeo Plastics and Teknor Apex announce strategic partnership

-China Deflation Pressure Worsens as Economy Slumps, Survey Shows

Chemours (Wilmington, Delaware) has announced a USD200-million investment to increase capacity for its Nafion fluoropolymer copolymer ion exchange materials at its manufacturing facility in Villers-Saint-Paul, France, said the company.

The ion exchange materials are used for water electrolyzers, energy storage in flow batteries, and hydrogen conversion to power fuel cell vehicles to help support the clean hydrogen economy. Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals

Chemours has an existing robust and reliable ion exchange material capacity in the US to help support the hydrogen supply chain and this new expansion will contribute to Europe’s energy transition as well as expand the Villers-Saint-Paul site’s capabilities to be able support and advance technological progress for the worldwide hydrogen economy, Chemours says.

“Chemours has chosen France for this investment in the hydrogen economy because of the strong alignment between our sustainable growth vision, the French government’s goal to create a reliable and strong hydrogen economy, and the European Union’s ambition to deliver a clean energy transition based on the objectives set in the EU Climate Law,” Mark Newman, Chemours’ president and CEO, says.

Despite robust growth in green hydrogen technologies, more urgent scaling-up of the hydrogen supply chain capacity remains critical in meeting clean hydrogen potential and escalating demand, Chemours says. The proton exchange membrane (PEM) technology is an advancement for its faster start-up; reliance on fewer components; and its smaller footprint, simpler maintenance, and zero emissions when used coupled with renewable energy, the company says.

We remind, Chemours Company (Wilmington, Del.) announced that it will be expanding its Chemours Opteon YF (HFO-1234yf) capacity to help meet customer needs as they continue transitioning to lower GWP refrigerants. The Opteon YF and YF blends refrigerants are now used in millions of vehicles and thousands of retail stores around the world, with zero ozone depletion potential (ODP) and global warming potential (GWP) that is significantly lower than the legacy refrigerants. Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals

Chemours is committed to leadership in responsible manufacturing, and this capacity investment will contribute to its goal of shifting the company’s product portfolio to offerings that contribute to achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDGs). Chemours is evaluating potential locations in the United States and Europe for the investment in accordance with applicable regulatory frameworks and is particularly interested in supporting the local communities where they operate.


President of China : XI JINPING

Xi Jinping : President of the People’s Republic of China

-Borealis gains controlling stake in Renasci

Borealis has announced that it has acquired a majority shareholding in Renasci, the pioneering Belgian recycling company behind the creation of the Smart Chain Processing (SCP) concept. Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals

The acquisition follows an initial 10% investment in the company announced by Borealis in July 2021. The present acquisition boosts that holding to 50.01%

Renasci’s SCP concept is a proprietary method of maximising material recovery in order to achieve zero waste. The concept combines multiple compatible waste-treatment technologies, enabling an exceptionally high valorisation of waste. Diverse waste streams – plastics, metals, biomass – are sorted and processed all under the same roof using different recycling technologies. For plastic waste, these technologies are first mechanical recycled, after which any remaining material is chemically recycled into circular pyrolysis oil and lighter product fractions, which are used to fuel the process. According to the recycler, only 5% of the original waste remains as residual material in the end, which is then used as filler in construction materials. Because of this extremely efficient way of processing, the overall CO2 footprint of these waste streams is greatly reduced.

Renasci and its SCP concept are perfectly aligned to Borealis’ circular cascade model, noted Lucrèce Foufopoulos, Borealis Executive Vice President of Polyolefins, Circular Economy Solutions and Innovation & Technology. That model is ‘at the heart of our ambition to become circular in plastic and in carbon’, she added.

The present strategic investment will provide Borealis with an additional supply of the chemically recycled feedstock it requires to produce its Borcycle C portfolio of mass-balanced virgin-level grade recycled products, as well as access to key circular technologies. Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals

Borealis has committed to achieving an ambitious six-fold increase in the volume of circular products and solutions – to 600 kilotonnes – by 2025, rising to 1.8 million tonnes by 2030.

The investment marks another milestone towards the realisation of Borealis’ Strategy 2030 goals, according to CEO Thomas Gangl.

“Our acquisition of a controlling stake in Renasci has the potential to unlock significant progress on circularity for our entire industry and is proof of the EverMinds spirit in action,” he said.

For Renasci, the investment is a signal of Borealis’ ongoing confidence in the Smart Chain Processing concept to drive circularity.

Borealis is ideally placed to develop and implement the SCP concept, as well as to leverage our combined technological capabilities to unlock further circular progress, said Gert Vanderseypen, general manager of Renasci.


Borealis gains controlling stake in Renasci

-What is Microban Technology? A Comprehensive Guide to Its Benefits, Uses, and Safety


Microban technology is a type of antimicrobial protection that helps to reduce or prevent the growth of bacteria, mold, and mildew on surfaces. It works by creating an invisible barrier that prevents these organisms from colonizing and growing on the surface. The technology has been used for many years in a variety of industries, including medical, food processing, and consumer products. With its ability to inhibit the growth of harmful microbes, microban technology can help to keep surfaces cleaner and safer for longer periods of time. Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals

Benefits of Using Microban Technology

The main benefit of using microban technology is that it helps to reduce the spread of bacteria, mold, and mildew on surfaces. This protection can help keep surfaces cleaner and free of potentially harmful microbes. Additionally, microban technology can help to extend the life of products, as it helps to prevent wear and tear caused by microbial growth. According to a study by the American Cleaning Institute, “products with antimicrobial product protection can last up to three times longer than those without.”

How Microban Technology Works

Microban technology works by creating an invisible barrier on surfaces that inhibits the growth of bacteria, mold, and mildew. The technology works by creating a reaction between the surface and the antimicrobial agent. The reaction creates an environment on the surface that is hostile to microbial growth, which helps to prevent the colonization and growth of these organisms.

Overview of the Process

The process of applying microban technology begins with the application of an antimicrobial agent to the surface. This agent is designed to react with the surface and create an environment that is hostile to microbial growth. Once applied, the agent will begin to form an invisible barrier that will help to inhibit the growth of bacteria, mold, and mildew on the surface. This barrier will remain active for the life of the product, helping to keep it clean and safe from potentially harmful microbes. Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals

Detailed Explanation

The antimicrobial agent used in microban technology is typically composed of two components: an active ingredient and a carrier. The active ingredient is the component that reacts with the surface and creates an environment that is hostile to microbial growth. The carrier is the component that helps to deliver the active ingredient to the surface. When the two components mix, they create a bond that forms an invisible barrier on the surface. This barrier helps to prevent the colonization and growth of bacteria, mold, and mildew on the surface.

History of Microban Technology

The development of microban technology dates back to the late 1970s when the first antimicrobial agents were developed. Since then, the technology has continued to evolve and is now used in a variety of industries. Today, microban technology is used in a range of products, from medical devices to consumer products.

When Was It Developed?

Microban technology was first developed in the late 1970s and has since evolved into one of the most widely used antimicrobial technologies today. The technology was initially developed for use in medical applications and has since been adapted for use in other industries such as food processing and consumer products.

Who Developed Microban Technology?

The development of microban technology was led by a team of researchers at the University of Rochester in New York. Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals

The team was led by Dr. Richard L. Clements and included scientists from various disciplines, including chemistry and microbiology. Together, they developed the first antimicrobial agents that were used in microban technology.

Comparing Different Types of Microban Technology

Today, there are several different types of microban technology available, each with its own unique properties. Each type has its own set of advantages and disadvantages, so it is important to understand the differences between them before choosing which type to use. Some of the most common types of microban technology include silver-based, copper-based, and quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs).

What Makes Each Type Unique?

Silver-based microban technology relies on silver ions to create an environment that is hostile to microbial growth.

Copper-based technology uses copper ions to create a similar effect. QACs are organic compounds that are effective against a wide range of bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Each type has its own unique properties, so it is important to understand the differences between them before deciding which type to use. Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals

Pros and Cons of Different Types

Silver-based microban technology is effective against a wide range of bacteria, but it can be expensive. Copper-based technology is effective against both bacteria and fungi, but it can be corrosive. QACs are effective against a wide range of bacteria, fungi, and viruses, but they can be toxic if not used correctly. Each type has its own set of pros and cons, so it is important to consider all of them before making a decision.

Common Uses of Microban Technology

Microban technology is used in a variety of industries, from medical to consumer products. In the medical industry, it is used to protect medical devices from microbial contamination. In the food processing industry, it is used to keep food products safe from microbial contamination. In the consumer products industry, it is used to protect products from microbial contamination and extend their life span.

Microban technology is also used in a variety of other industries, such as textiles and plastics. Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals

Examples of Industries Utilizing Microban Technology

Medical: Medical devices, such as catheters and prosthetics, often use microban technology to protect against microbial contamination. Food processing: Food processors use microban technology to help keep food products safe from microbial contamination. Consumer products: Microban technology is used in a variety of consumer products, from kitchenware to clothing, to help protect them from microbial contamination and extend their life span. Textiles: Microban technology is used in textiles, such as carpets and upholstery, to help protect them from microbial contamination.

Products That Use Microban Technology

A wide range of products use microban technology, including medical devices, kitchenware, clothing, carpets, upholstery, and more. Some of the most common examples include cutting boards, baby bottles, children’s toys, bedding, and footwear.

Examining the Safety of Microban Technology

Microban technology is generally considered safe, as it is designed to inhibit the growth of bacteria, mold, and mildew on surfaces. However, it is important to ensure that the technology is being used properly and according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Additionally, it is important to follow any applicable regulatory standards when using microban technology. Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals

Evaluating Risks and Benefits

Before using microban technology, it is important to carefully evaluate the risks and benefits. On one hand, the technology can help to reduce the spread of potentially harmful microbes on surfaces, thereby helping to keep them cleaner and safer for longer periods of time. On the other hand, it is important to ensure that the technology is being used properly and according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Additionally, it is important to follow any applicable regulatory standards when using microban technology.

Regulatory Standards

It is important to ensure that any microban technology used meets the applicable regulatory standards. In the United States, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) oversees the registration and regulation of antimicrobial products. Companies must register their products with the EPA and adhere to the agency’s guidelines in order to legally use microban technology.

Case Studies: Success Stories of Using Microban Technology

There are numerous success stories of companies that have benefited from using microban technology. For example, a medical device company used microban technology to protect its products from microbial contamination, resulting in fewer product recalls and improved customer satisfaction. Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals

Another company used microban technology to protect its textiles from microbial contamination, resulting in increased product life span and cost savings.

Examples of Companies That Have Benefited from Using Microban Technology

Medical device company: A medical device company used microban technology to protect its products from microbial contamination, resulting in fewer product recalls and improved customer satisfaction. Textile company: A textile company used microban technology to protect its textiles from microbial contamination, resulting in increased product life span and cost savings.

Discussion of Results

The results of these case studies show that microban technology can provide significant benefits to companies that use it. By reducing the risk of microbial contamination, companies can reduce product recalls and improve customer satisfaction. Additionally, companies can save money by extending the life span of their products with the help of microban technology. Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals


Microban technology is a type of antimicrobial protection that helps to reduce or prevent the growth of bacteria, mold, and mildew on surfaces. It works by creating an invisible barrier that prevents these organisms from colonizing and growing on the surface. The technology has been used for many years in a variety of industries, including medical, food processing, and consumer products. With its ability to inhibit the growth of harmful microbes, microban technology can help to keep surfaces cleaner and safer for longer periods of time.

The main benefit of using microban technology is that it helps to reduce the spread of bacteria, mold, and mildew on surfaces. Additionally, it can help to extend the life of products, as it helps to prevent wear and tear caused by microbial growth. There are numerous success stories of companies that have benefited from using microban technology, showing that it can provide significant benefits to companies that use it.


What is Microban Technology? A Comprehensive Guide to Its Benefits, Uses, and Safety

Pyrolysis-technology – Petrochemicals

Sustainable-textile – Carbon-neutral-H2 14-01-2023

Petrochemicals – PET-Bottles – MEG 16-01-2023

Petrochemicals – PET-Bottles – MEG

Petrochemicals - PET-Bottles - MEG

ITEM 09/01/2023 16/01/2023 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 6,950 yuan/ton 7,150 yuan/ton +200
Bottle grade PET chips export market 915 $/ton 965 $/ton +50
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 6,420 yuan/ton 6,500 yuan/ton +80
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 6,500 yuan/ton 6,580 yuan/ton +80
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market 5,300 yuan/ton 5,505 yuan/ton +205
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 740 $/ton 780 $/ton +40
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 3,985 yuan/ton 4,220 yuan/ton +235
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 490 $/ton 527 $/ton +37
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market 959 $/ton 1010 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 936 $/ton 987 $/ton +51
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,154 $/ton 1,200 $/ton +46
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 7,450 yuan/ton 7,475 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,150 yuan/ton 7,150 yuan/ton
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 8,700 yuan/ton 8,700 yuan/ton
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F

Petrochemicals – PET-Bottles – MEG

8,700 yuan/ton 8,700 yuan/ton
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 8,200 yuan/ton 8,200 yuan/ton
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,030 yuan/ton 7,300 yuan/ton +270
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 11,700 yuan/ton 12,200 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,570 $/ton 1,570 $/ton
Nylon6 chips overseas  market 1,870 $/ton 1,870 $/ton
Nylon6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 12,550 yuan/ton 12,950 yuan/ton +400
Nylon6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market 12,700 yuan/ton 13,050 yuan/ton +350
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market 20,500 yuan/ton 21,000 yuan/ton +500
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 15,000 yuan/ton 15,350 yuan/ton +350
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 17,250 yuan/ton 17,600 yuan/ton- +350
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  15,600 yuan/ton 15,800 yuan/ton +200
Spandex 20D  domestic  market 38,500 yuan/ton 38,500 yuan/ton
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 36,000 yuan/ton 36,000 yuan/ton
Spandex 40D  domestic  market 33,000 yuan/ton 33,000 yuan/ton
Adipic Acid domestic market 10,200 yuan/ton 10,600 yuan/ton +150
Benzene domestic market

Petrochemicals – PET-Bottles – MEG

6,725 yuan/ton 6,855 yuan/ton +130
Benzene overseas  market 841 $/ton 913 $/ton +72
Ethylene South East market 880 $/ton 850 $/ton -30
Ethylene NWE market 812 $/ton 825 $/ton +13
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market 9,600 yuan/ton 9,900 yuan/ton +300
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market 1,500 $/ton 1,500 $/tn
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 16,600 yuan/ton 16,600 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 12,800 yuan/ton 12,900 yuan/ton +100
PP Powder domestic market
7,580 yuan/ton 7,630 yuan/ton +50
Naphtha overseas market  638 $/ton 703 $/ton
Phenol domestic market 7,480 yuan/ton 7,540 yuan/ton +60

Petrochemicals – PET-Bottles – MEG

Sustainable-textile – Carbon-neutral-H2 14-01-2023

Sustainable-textile – Carbon-neutral-H2

-MEG prices rise in Asia amid ongoing supply cuts

Spot prices for monoethylene glycol (MEG) in Asia rose above USD500 a tonne on Tuesday for the first time in three months as major producers continued to reduce production load amid persistently low margins, ICIS said.

The deals were concluded at a price of USD500-505 per ton, CFR (cost and freight) CMP (china’s main ports), market sources said. Since October 11, 2022, meg has been trading below USD500 per tonne amid rising supply and weak demand in China.

In the futures market, MEG rose more than 2% on Tuesday as some Chinese MEG producers considered switching to ethylene oxide production due to low profitability.

A major producer from Northeast Asia has no plans to reopen its two MEG production lines in the near future if profitability remains low. Sustainable-textile – Carbon-neutral-H2

Meanwhile, the recent strengthening of the Chinese yuan against the U.S. dollar has also boosted buying sentiment towards MEGs, market sources said.

However, most market participants are concerned that the uptrend may not continue due to a slowdown in demand ahead of the week-long lunar New Year celebrations on January 21-27.

Earlier it was reported that the January contract price of monoethylene glycol (MEG) in Europe was agreed at the level of EUR790 per ton, which is EUR60 per ton less than in December. The price was agreed on the terms of free shipping (FD) in Northwest Europe (NWE). The December contract price of MEGs in Europe was agreed at EUR20 per tonne lower compared to November.

According to the ScanPlast review, in January-November 2022, the estimated consumption of PET in Russia amounted to 758.69 thousand tons, which corresponds to consumption for the same period a year earlier.

Compared with November 2021, total estimated consumption increased by 4% and amounted to 78.77 thousand tons against 75.44 thousand tons last year.

Sustainable-textile - Carbon-neutral-H2

-Germany’s Heimtextil 2023 explores sustainable textile innovations

The ongoing Heimtextil 2023, which will continue until January 13, 2023, offers a global stage where textile sustainability is holistically mapped—with products that are both scalable and sustainable innovations. The international trade fair for home and contract textiles features 2,400 exhibitors, an exhibitor internationality level of 94 per cent, and participants from more than 120 countries.

“Over the next four days, Heimtextil is the place where supply chains are rethought, circular approaches are experienced, and green innovations are condensed. This shows that trade shows are a business model with impact for global partnerships and the environment,” said Detlef Braun, member of the executive board of Messe Frankfurt, in his opening speech. Sustainable-textile – Carbon-neutral-H2

Panelists Caroline Till, director and co-founder FranklinTill Studio; Professor Dr. Anabel Ternès von Hattburg, futurologist and executive director of the International Institute for Sustainability Management; and Olaf Schmidt, vice president for textiles and textile technologies of Messe Frankfurt, discussed the transformation towards sustainability from several perspectives under the moderation of Alexandra Bohn, style content director of Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung Quarterly.

The panel on materials, supply chains, and social responsibility highlighted how sustainability can be experienced holistically as a cross-cutting theme at Heimtextil.

Are entire collections produced in an environmentally compatible way? Do sustainability strategies include social responsibility? The one-hour Green Tours provide answers to these questions and enable an intensive exchange between visitors and exhibitors—led by independent sustainability expert Bernd Müller on behalf of Consulting Service International Ltd.

Heimtextil exhibitors are also increasingly focusing on transformation strategies that take into account multiple Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). These include innovative sustainable product designs—from fibres made of PET to linen in combination with other natural fibres such as hemp to bed linen made of cotton coated with cork.

Heimtextil Trends 2023 ‘Textiles Matter’ by Franklin Till brings four ways of circular economy to life and gives the market impulses for sustainable development. In the panel talk, Caroline Till, member of the Heimtextil Trend Council, showed how the foundation for circular economy is laid during product development. This, she said, requires conscious decisions at the beginning of the design process and looking at waste as a resource. She also stressed the importance of collaborations between experts and keeping an open ear for different disciplines—from young designers to material engineers.

Heimtextil 2023 covers the entire range of home and contract textiles: from coupon business to retail volumes to high-volume orders. Buyers—including retailers and wholesalers, furnishing houses, interior decorators, designers, architects, or hotel decision-makers—can find new business contacts, redefine supply chains together with suppliers, and experience a bundled holistic market overview of textile trends over the four days of the fair. Sustainable-textile – Carbon-neutral-H2

In 2023, the leading international trade fair for home and contract textiles is responding even more strongly to the growing demand in the field of fibres and yarns by offering a dedicated section for the first time—including new suppliers who are expanding the global range of upholstery and decorative fabrics as well as leather and imitation leather, said the event’s organiser Messe Frankfurt.

In addition, Heimtextil is once again covering a wide range of functional contract textiles, such as those that are water-repellent, flame-retardant, recyclable, antimicrobial, or thermoregulating, with the “Interior.Architecture.Hospitality” programme aimed at interior designers, architects, planners, and furnishers. For textile professionals hungry for knowledge, there will be numerous Lectures, special presentations, and guided tours. This includes a new edition of the Interior.Architecture.Hospitality Library: a curated selection of exhibitor products that feature special functional properties. Expert talks, selected exhibitor products, and exchanges with the industry combine the new Interior.Architecture.Hospitality Talks & Tours.

In addition to sustainability, the focus will be on design topics. Another highlight is the continuation of the Heimtextil Conference Sleep & More. Leading speakers will talk about the prerequisites for good sleep, sustainable solutions in the retail sector, and digital gadgets. Due to the positive response to the Green Tours, the Sleep tours on smart bedding innovations will be launched and led by sleep expert Markus Kamps of Schlafkampagne. Sustainable-textile – Carbon-neutral-H2

The Green Village—the platform for seal providers and certifiers—has been expanded from this year to include exhibitors who are fully committed to sustainability. Under the motto ‘Textiles Matter,’ visitors can experience decisive approaches to the circular economy.

The construction of the entire trend area is based on the Heimtextil Material Manifesto: only local, environmentally friendly or borrowed materials should be used for stand design. The green offering at Heimtextil is mapped by the Green Directory, which identifies sustainable exhibitors and their certified products online and at the booth. The one-hour Green Tours bring trade visitors together with selected exhibitors and enable exchange on sustainable developments—guided by an external expert. Independence sets the Green Tours apart and brings an important outside perspective.

The special denim show Tones of Freedom by the Frankfurt School of Clothing and Fashion is presenting a young collection by students of the School of Design at Heimtextil 2023. The creations deal with the diverse aspects of denim and jeans in a cultural context. Ten models in collaboration with Heimtextil exhibitors will show visions of body positivity in the special presentation titled ‘Embrace new horizons’. Sustainable-textile – Carbon-neutral-H2


Sustainable-textile - Carbon-neutral-H2

-Halogen-free Flame-Retardant Additive Introduced for PC Film

Ultra-thin polycarbonate (PC) film containing a low dosage of the additive achieves UL 94 V-0 certification.

CAI Performance Additives has introduced a halogen-free flame retardant for polycarbonate (PC) film or sheet. With the addition of ST-SR487, 0.25-mm-thick PC film can achieve UL 94 V-0 certification, according to CAI.

The safety of halogen-based flame-retardant (FR) materials has come under increased scrutiny from consumers and regulators. “Halogen-based FR solutions can contain bromine, iodine, even chlorine; all chemicals of concern nowadays,” said CAI CEO Richard Marshall. “I’m proud to say we are offering a safer alternative to our customers in ST-SR487, our first FR additive that is entirely halogen-free.”

The additive also provides resistance to yellowing and other forms of weathering as well as hydrolysis protection for water-contact end products. Sustainable-textile – Carbon-neutral-H2

Headquartered in Boston, CAI Performance Additives LLC operates facilities in Massachusetts and offers logistics across North America to customers processing virgin and recycled engineering thermoplastics.


Sustainable-textile - Carbon-neutral-H2

-Ultra-Compact PET Machine For 12 L in Two Cavities

New size of all-electric reheat stretch-blow machine for large PET bottles debuted from 1Blow at K 2022. It retains the company’s signature small footprint and energy-sparing features.

At the recent K 2022 show, 1Blow of France introduced a model of its very compact all-electric reheat stretch-blow machines for bottles up to 12 liters (3 gal). The new 2XL machine is the company’s first two-cavity system for bottles of this size, while retaining a small footprint of only 6.5 x 8 ft. (Previous models could mold a single container of 12 L or even up to 30 L.) It handles neck finishes up to 53 mm and outputs up to 3800 bph for 0.5 L, 9-g bottles. Sustainable-textile – Carbon-neutral-H2

Optional technology kits include preferential and offset neck heating, neck orientation, heat-set/hot-fill and Sure Grip molded-in handle.

In keeping with the overall “green” theme of K 2022, 1Blow emphasized the low energy consumption of its reheat stretch-blow machines under the new label “GreenBlow.”

Among the energy-saving features of this all-servo design are recovery of braking energy on the five servomotors to power the next motion; recovery of high-pressure blowing air to furnish 100% of the machine’s low-pressure air requirement; and “SuperVenting” mold technology (supplied by a moldmaking partner) that allows bottles to be blown with a little as 300 psi vs. the conventional 600 psi, reportedly saving 30-40% in energy. These features were highlighted at the show on a new 2XL model for two-cavity production of up to 12 L bottles.


Ultra-Compact PET Machine For 12 L in Two Cavities

-Electric vehicles’ mobility to drive engineering plastics industry in India

India’s commitment to driving the world for a greener future has accelerated demand for electric vehicles (EV) and their accessories that are backed by efficient technologies for the smooth adoption of environment-friendly personal and public transport. Sound technology-backed engineering plastics find their place in the midst of the growth trajectory with a projection of almost similar to the increase in EV mobility.

Data compiled by India’s Union Ministry of Transport showed 1.4 million EVs plying on Indian roads as on August 2022. The demand for EVs (including passenger and personal cars, two-wheelers, buses, etc.) increased rapidly with the resurgence in post-pandemic economic recovery. India’s Union Ministry of Transport estimates total EV demand in the country to rise to 45-50 million by 2030. Sustainable-textile – Carbon-neutral-H2

India’s automotive industry size is estimated to be worth around US$222 billion as of today, of which the EV market is projected to be worth a mere US$2 billion by 2023 and US$7.09 billion by 2025. Growing at a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 49 percent from its low base, India’s EV market is anticipated to record phenomenal growth going forward. Between April 2000 and March 2022, this sector attracted equity inflows as Foreign Director Investment (FDI) to the tune of US$32.84 billion or 6 percent of the total FDI attracted in equities during that time.

EV’s link with engineering plastics

Normally, polycarbonate (PC), polyamide (PA), polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), polyacetal/polyoxymethylene (POM), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), among a host of other innovative raw materials are used to manufacture EV components such as dashboard, bumpers, lighting, interior/exterior trims, electric motor and powertrain, battery pack, connectors, and cable, to name a few. The increasing mobility of electric vehicles has multiplied demand for components made of engineering plastics and eventually their raw materials.

All these raw materials and finished products are manufactured with an extremely high degree of efficiency to equip EVs with the most modern safety features. In EVs, however, the industry has increased the use of lightweight engineering plastics without compromising the quality of vehicles. This helps in reducing the application of metals to the maximum possible extent and also improves the vehicles’ efficiency, speed, and control. Sustainable-textile – Carbon-neutral-H2

Ankur Betai, Director of Autotech Sirmax India Pvt Ltd, said, “EVs are going to increase demand for engineering plastics not only in India but all across the world. There are a lot of projects the industry is presently working on which enable shifting from metals to plastics. Going forward, the volume of engineering plastics per vehicle will increase, but how much only time will tell. In terms of cost also, the cost of engineering plastics could be lower than that of metals. Hence, the overall cost of the vehicles per unit is also going to decline.”

He further added, “Presently, original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) are spending a huge amount on technological innovations, either procuring from others or developing on their own. Hence, the overall unit cost of EVs will also depend upon the use of technology. In the long run, the cost of EVs is going to be lower than the current price levels of EVs. However, it is still left to be seen if the price can match or be lower than internal combustion engines (ICE) due to the advancement of technology. Only time will tell that.”

Trend in the engineering plastics market

The overall global electric vehicles engineering plastics market size is estimated at 12.5 billion in 2021 and is projected to surpass US$106 billion by 2030 with a compounded annual growth rate of 27 percent. The companies engaged in manufacturing engineering plastics for application in EVs have been leveraging the growth opportunities in this sector with a series of incentives being offered by governments across the world.

Although the growth of this sector was slowed due to several waves of coronavirus (Covid-19) outbreak, demand for EVs picked up steadily with the post-pandemic economic recovery. Sustainable-textile – Carbon-neutral-H2

According to a study, the innovation of glass fiber-reinforced polyamide 6, which is being publicized for its insulation and flame-resistance properties, is set to become a game changer for the engineering plastics industry for electric vehicle mobility. This material is full of features like the lightweight and simplified assembly of EV batteries. Due to stringent mechanical and chemical properties requirements for electric vehicle components, manufacturers are increasing R&D in glass-fiber-reinforced polyamide 6 which is easy to process and enables the integration of complex functions required for housing components.

Since the mobility industry is transitioning towards an all-electric future, manufacturers in the electric vehicles engineering plastic market are bolstering R&D in thermoplastic-based solutions. Manufacturers in the electric vehicle engineering plastics market are taking cues from such innovations to develop a plastic-intensive EV battery pack using a systems-engineering approach, which holds potential for lightweight plastic components.

Future growth drivers

With an aim to promote green energy, the government of India has taken all possible steps to incentivize manufacturers of EVs and their components. Thus, many conventional automotive players and oil companies are investing heavily to boost EV demand to reach the aspirational goal. To name a few, Skoda revealed its plan to produce EVs locally in India in 2021, and Indian Oil Corporation announced to the creation of 22,000 EV charging stations over three-five years. Sustainable-textile – Carbon-neutral-H2

Almost all automakers and also large corporate houses forayed into this segment to take part in the growth of the EV industry. As late as today, Jindal Mobilitric (JM), a subsidiary of Jindal Worldwide, announced the setting up of an electric 2-wheeler manufacturing plant with a production capacity of 250,000 vehicles annually in Ahmedabad. Additionally, the Indian government has also been implementing programmes to encourage the growth of electric mobility, including 100 percent foreign direct investment (FDI) through the automotive route in the EV space, incubator programmes, shared facilities for prototyping and small-scale manufacturing, financial support, tax breaks, and subsidies for consumers. Also, India’s central government announced a production-linked incentive (PLI) scheme to attract investment in this sector. Sustainable-textile – Carbon-neutral-H2


Electric vehicles’ mobility to drive engineering plastics industry in India

-PKN ORLEN closes acquisition of petrochemical assets

PKN ORLEN has closed the transaction to acquire a part of the business of Poland’s largest plastics manufacturer Basell Orlen Polyolefins, in which the Company holds an equity interest. The business involves the production and marketing of LDPE, as well as customer service in the Polish market. The transaction was cleared by the Polish and Dutch antitrust regulators. The acquired production capacity is 100 thousand tonnes per year, which means that PKN ORLEN, as Poland’s only producer of LDPE, will single-handedly cover about a third of the country’s overall demand for the plastic.

Low density polyethylene, or LDPE, is a fully recyclable product playing an important role in advancing the circular economy.

It is a polymer commonly used to make consumer and industrial products, found in plastic films, bags, canisters, food packaging, as well as components of electronic devices, such as wires and cables. Sustainable-textile – Carbon-neutral-H2

“Keeping a close eye on the market environment, we can see that demand for petrochemical products is growing strongly across the globe. According to forecasts, the value of the petrochemicals and base plastics market is expected to double by 2030. This is a big chance for our Company. We want to capture the largest possible share of that promising business in order to drive fast profit growth. The acquisition we have just completed is opening up such opportunities. We are also looking into a project that would allow us to add another petrochemical product to our portfolio, solidifying our position as a leading producer in Europe. It is this business segment that is expected to generate half of our future profits from oil processing,” says Daniel Obajtek, CEO and President of the Management Board of PKN ORLEN.

Poland is the largest consumer of LDPE in Central Europe, forecast to account for nearly 35% of regional demand by 2025. At present, annual demand on the Polish market is about 300 thousand tonnes, compared with close to 800 thousand tonnes in Central Europe. The combined capacities of regional producers are estimated at 520 thousand tonnes. According to forecasts, by 2025 the LDPE market in Central Europe and in Poland will grow to about 890 thousand tonnes and 312 thousand tonnes, respectively, in which PKN ORLEN is bound to have a significant share. Sustainable-textile – Carbon-neutral-H2

In July 2022, PKN ORLEN signed a preliminary agreement to acquire a part of the assets of Basell Orlen Polyolefins. Once all antitrust approvals had been secured in Poland and the Netherlands, it was possible to close the transaction. Basell Orlen Polyolefins is a joint venture in which PKN ORLEN and LyondellBasell Industries each hold a 50% stake. After the spin-off of the LDPE production business from Basell Orlen Polyolefins, the company will focus on developing the PP technology, used to produce polypropylene and HDPE, high density polyethylene.

In response to steadily growing market demand, PKN ORLEN has undertaken conceptual work to expand the LDPE unit at the Płock Production Plant. PKN ORLEN has signed a licence and front-end engineering design agreement with the world leader in polymer technology LyondellBasell.


PKN ORLEN closes acquisition of petrochemical assets

-Topsoe and Fidelis New Energy partner to produce carbon-neutral hydrogen

Topsoe and Fidelis New Energy have entered into a global alliance for technology used for producing carbon-neutral hydrogen. The alliance pairs Topsoe’s hydrogen process portfolio with FidelisH2 technology for reduction of lifecycle carbon emissions in hydrogen production. Combined, the alliance solution enables the production of hydrogen from natural gas with a lifecycle carbon intensity of 0 kgCO2e / kgH2.

Fidelis and Topsoe will jointly and exclusively license FidelisH2 alongside Topsoe’s blue hydrogen technology portfolio. Topsoe will lead engagement with potential licensees interested in utilizing FidelisH2 to produce carbon-neutral hydrogen at world scale using proven technologies. Sustainable-textile – Carbon-neutral-H2

Topsoe’s hydrogen process portfolio includes both steam methane reforming and SynCOR autothermal reforming solutions to produce hydrogen with integrated carbon capture. FidelisH2 is a proprietary solution for incorporation of renewable energy into reforming processes to achieve clean hydrogen production.

The novel integration of these proven technologies offered through the alliance provides a scalable solution well suited for generating climate and environmental incentives such as the Section 45V tax credits provided in the “Inflation Reduction Act” of 2022.


Topsoe and Fidelis New Energy partner to produce carbon-neutral hydrogen

Sustainable-textile – Carbon-neutral-H2

Recycled-Textile – Biodegradable 13-01-2023

Recycled-Textile – Biodegradable 13-01-2023

Recycled-Textile – Biodegradable

-China is historical surplus thanks to Russia. Yen rally hurts Nikkei

Asia closes the week, Friday 13 January, subdued, above all because of the Nikkei, which at 7:15 am Italian time drops 1.32%, while Hong Kong rises by 0.4% and Shanghai by 0.39% . The Tokyo Stock Exchange is weighed down by the rally in the yen which puts exporting groups in difficulty and by a sharp drop in Fast Retailing shares (-8%) after failed earnings estimates.
Gold is weak at 1,897 dollars per ounce, US WTI oil drops 0.22% to 78.22 dollars a barrel, while the euro retreats while remaining above the 1.08 level at 1.0842, a level which it has not seen since April 2022. The yen’s rally continues at 129.07 (+0.2%), the pound is weak at 1.2190. Recycled-Textile – Biodegradable
The 10-year US T bond sees the yield rise from 3.44% at the start of the Asian session to 3.46%, while Wall Street futures are in the red by around 0.3% (Nasdaq) after data released on Thursday on the US inflation is declining, suggesting a less aggressive Fed in terms of rate hikes.
China, exports and imports at a standstill
China’s exports plunged 9.9% year-on-year in December 2022, the biggest drop in nearly three years, while imports fell 7.5%, down for the third straight month, amid deteriorating demand domestic and foreign.
But it is an all-time record for the trade surplus
China’s trade surplus fell to $78 billion in December 2022 from $93.7 billion in the same month a year earlier, compared with market forecasts of +76.2 billion due to weakening global demand and internal.
For all of 2022, sales rose 7%, while purchases jumped 1.1% on robust trade with Russia and Southeast Asian countries, leading China to a record trade surplus of 877.6 billion dollars.
South Korea raises base rate by 25 basis points to 3.5%
The Bank of Korea (BoK) raised rates by 25 basis points to 3.5% at its January meeting, in line with market consensus. Friday’s move, which was the first rate hike in 2023, came after the same hike in November amid cost pressures and prospects of continued Fed rate hikes, driving borrowing costs to their lowest level. high since November 2008.
It was also the tenth rate hike since the start of the current tightening cycle that began in August 2021, with the central bank raising the cost of borrowing by 300 basis points.
The central bank said domestic economic growth was expected to weaken on a global slowdown and higher rates, with GDP growth in 2023 below November forecasts by 1.7%.
Watch out for the quarterly reports of the big US banks
Meanwhile, headline inflation appears to be consistent with a previous forecast of 3.6%. The board reiterated that it will judge whether the base rate needs to increase further by assessing downside risks and financial stability risks, the effects of tightening and monetary policy changes in major countries. Recycled-Textile – Biodegradable
Wall Street futures are soft on Friday as investors cautiously await earnings reports from major banks as they weigh the latest inflation report and its implications for monetary policy.
These moves came as December US inflation data showed year-to-date data slowed to 6.5% (CPI) and 5.7% (core), respectively, confirming expectations of further easing of inflationary pressure and reinforcing the thesis for a less aggressive tightening by the Federal Reserve (a +0.25% increase in the cost of money is now expected).
Investors have their eyes on Friday’s earnings from big banking stocks, including JP Morgan, Wells Fargo, Citigroup and Bank of America.


Recycled-Textile - Biodegradable

-Chinese export down

Chinese exports in December marked an annual slump of 9.9%, down for the third month in a row, amid weak demand due to inflation and supply chain shutdowns.

Then one wonders why Beijing scrapped the zero Covid policy? The problem is that with reopening and infections on the rise, the country is still at a standstill
In December, China recorded a trade surplus of 78 billion dollars, down from 93.7 billion in the same month of 2021, but better than the 76.2 billion expected by analysts on the eve.
According to data from Chinese Customs, exports recorded an annual drop of 9.9% (estimates were at -10% after -8.7% in November), down for the third month in a row with the weak international demand for high inflation and supply chain disruptions.

Import crash for the third consecutive month: -7.5% (a -9.8% was expected after -10.6% in November), discounting the drop in domestic demand with the wave of Covid infections.

Recycled-Textile – Biodegradable

Chinese export down

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Plastics Recycling Show Europe expands into second hall at RAI Amsterdam 10-11 May 2023

The Plastics Recycling Show Europe (PRSE), the pan-European exhibition and conference dedicated to plastics recycling, returns to the RAI Amsterdam, The Netherlands on 10-11 May 2023, expanding into two halls for the first time (Halls 11 and 12). Visitor registration for the free-to-attend event is now open!

The Plastics Recycling Show Europe is designed specifically for plastics recycling professionals. It brings together key players from the plastics and recycling sectors to showcase innovative technology, share best practice, network and do business. A broad cross-section of the industry is represented at the event including plastics recycling machinery and equipment suppliers, plastic material suppliers and compounders, pre-processors, mechanical and chemical plastics recyclers, waste management specialists and industry associations. Recycled-Textile – Biodegradable

A new chemical recycling feature area in Hall 11 will guide visitors through the history of and latest innovations in chemical recycling in a timeline with video displays. The feature area is sponsored by Plastic Energy, Mura Technology and Eastman.

Over 250 companies and organisations from across Europe have already signed up to exhibit including: Berry Global, Bollegraaf, Dijmex Europe, Ettlinger, FIMIC, Interzero Plastics Recycling, Krauss Maffei, Krones, Milliken, Pellenc ST, Starlinger, Suez and Veolia. Poly to Poly is platinum event sponsor, while Axens, BASF, BB Engineering, Eastman Chemical, Erema, Kraton Polymers, Mura Technology, Neste and Tomra Recycling are silver sponsors.

Conference sessions taking place in two theatres will cover the latest political and legislative developments in plastics recycling in Europe as well as the outlook for energy supply in the EU. Materials focus sessions will explore the challenges, issues and opportunities within the sector for mechanical recycling, covering PET, PVC and Technical Plastics, polyolefin waste streams and polypropylene (PP) recycling.

The winners of all seven award categories at the Plastics Recycling Awards Europe 2023 will be announced at the event on 11 May and all finalists will be showcased in the exhibition. Fimic SRL and Erema Engineering Recycling Maschinen GmbH are platinum sponsors of the awards. Entries close on soon on 13 January. To submit an entry via the simple online application visit the PRSE website.

Voices from the organisers:

“PRSE was such a success in 2022 with record numbers of exhibitors and visitors,” said Matt Barber, Global Events Director at Crain Communications. “We are seeing the event grow even more dramatically this year, with a great mix of both established and first-time exhibitors.”  Recycled-Textile – Biodegradable

“The PRSE exhibition and conference is the focal point of plastics recycling in Europe,” says Ton Emans, Plastics Recyclers Europe President. “It is the perfect place to discover all the latest technical innovations and commercial developments and stay up to date with the legislative landscape for the circular use of plastics.”


Plastics Recycling Show Europe expands into second hall at RAI Amsterdam 10-11 May 2023

First Of Its Kind Commercial Scale Recycled Textile Mill Opens In Sweden

Today, as world leaders gather in Egypt to discuss how to decarbonize supply chains in time to stabilize our climate, the world’s first commercial-scale textile-to-textile pulp mill held its official opening in Sundsvall, Sweden. ‘Renewcell 1’ is the first of a new generation of climate-friendly mills that shift viscose production from being a linear extractive supply chain, with significant impact on the world’s forests, biodiversity, and climate, to low-impact, circular production. he first-of-its-kind facility will repurpose over 120,000 metric tonnes of textile waste next year, otherwise destined for landfills, and turn it into new viscose for fashion.

As the global effort to combat climate change and environmental degradation accelerates there is a growing need to make fashion circular and preserve critical forest ecosystems. Over 200 million trees, many from the world’s most vital forests, are currently cut down every year to make fabrics like viscose and rayon. Renewcell’s new mill uses textile waste rather than trees to make these fabrics, sourcing from worn-out jeans and production scraps. Recycled-Textile – Biodegradable

“We’re delighted to be the first mill in the world that is dedicated to circular manufacturing for the viscose fashion sector,” said Patrik Lundström, CEO of Renewcell. “It hasn’t always been easy but the commissioning of this facility marks the dawn of a new circular era for global fashion.”

Strong market demand has played a key role in Renewcell coming to market at scale. Through Canopy’s work in the fashion sector, more than 500 fashion brands, designers, and retailers are committed to prioritizing the use of Next Generation Solutions, including viscose made from old textiles and agricultural residues, along with not sourcing from Ancient and Endangered Forests. Clear market signals of support and offtake agreements from brands and conventional viscose producers helped Renewcell unlock their financing for this first commercial-scale facility.


Recycled-Textile - Biodegradable

-Novatex withdraws offer to acquire 75% holding in Lotte Chemical

Novatex Limited has withdrawn its public announcement of intention (PAI) to acquire 75.01% shares of Lotte Chemical Pakistan Limited (LOTCHEM). The announcement was made by the manager of the offer, Arif Habib Limited (AHL), to the Pakistan Stock Exchange (PSX) on Monday. Recycled-Textile – Biodegradable

According to the notification issued by the manager of the offer, the PAI was withdrawn because the parties were unable to agree on the terms of the transaction. The initial acquisiton announcement was made six months ago on July 13, 2022.

The share price of LOTCHEM closed at Rs 24.85 on Monday, down 4.64%.

Lotte Chemical Pakistan

LOTCHEM was incorporated in Pakistan on 30 May 1998. The principal activity of the company is the manufacture and sale of Pure Terephthalic Acid (PTA).

Lotte, the South Korean conglomerate, acquired the majority shareholdings in Pakistan PTA Limited (PPTA) in September 2009. Subsequently, the name of the company was changed to Lotte Chemical Pakistan Ltd. The corporation is the single largest shareholder of LOTCHEM with a 75.01% shareholding.

The company has the capacity to produce 520,000 tonnes of PTA annually through its state-of-the-art plant located at Port Qasim, Karachi. The plant at the port was built using ICI’s state-of-the-art technology when it was commissioned in 1998. It produces Purified Terephthalic Acid (PTA), an essential raw material for Pakistan’s textile and PET packaging industries, and forms the backbone of the polyester chain, including Polyester Staple Fibre, Filament Yarn and PET (bottle grade) resin.

In addition to its own manufacturing facilities, the company has helped create a large infrastructure network at the Port Qasim vicinity, which includes a chemical jetty, raw water pipeline and manufacture of industrial gases through third-party contracts.

Novatex Limited

Novatex Limited is a leading name in polyester filament yarn, polyester chips and PET Resin in Pakistan. Recycled-Textile – Biodegradable

Incorporated in 1991, it started manufacturing textile grade polyester chips by the year 1997. In 2002, it diversified itself as a manufacturer of Pet Resin.

In 2007, two new plants were installed i.e. for production of Polyester Chips Amorphous Grade and another facility to produce Pet Resin – Bottle Grade Chips. In the same year, the company also started producing pet preforms of various grammage from self-produced pet resin. In 2012, Novatex commenced production of BOPET films under the brand name of Krystofilms, which is the biggest plant of Pet films in Pakistan.

Recycled-Textile - Biodegradable

-Suominen mulls closure of Italian plant

Nonwovens manufacturer Suominen has begun a consultation procedure aimed at permanently closing its manufacturing facility in Mozzate, Italy.

The move comes after the company determined that the lines at the plant were not best suited for sustainable fibres and this, combined with high operating costs, means that the plant is not operating competitively. Recycled-Textile – Biodegradable

In a statement, Suominen said it will start consultation with local trade unions regarding a plan to end production at the plant during the second quarter of 2023.

The consultation will be conducted in accordance with the Italian legislation and applicable National Collective Agreement and is aimed to be completed within 90 days. The Mozzate site currently employs 92 people, working both in production and in office roles.

“Since the normalization of the COVID-induced demand surge, the competition in the European wipes nonwovens market has increased significantly driven mainly by imports from Turkey and China,” said Klaus Korhonen, interim President & CEO. “This is the case especially in the traditional blended fibre products. At the same time energy costs in Italy have increased to record high levels. These two factors combined have created huge challenges for the cost competitiveness of our plant in Mozzate.”

As Suominen notes, the wipes nonwovens market is rapidly transitioning towards more sustainable alternatives and in line with its strategy, the company has set targets to increase the sales of sustainable products and to continuously innovate new environmentally friendly nonwovens.

“The demand for traditional blended fibre products in Europe is declining,” Korhonen added. “Manufacturing sustainable nonwovens competitively requires production assets and processes optimized specifically for these products. Our lines at the Mozzate plant are not best suited for sustainable fibres, and this combined with high operating costs means that the plant is not competitive and its competitiveness is not expected to improve materially going forward.

“We are constantly evaluating the performance and profitability of our assets, and in the current situation we have unfortunately come to the conclusion that we need to consider closing the production at Mozzate to improve the competitiveness of our European business.” Recycled-Textile – Biodegradable

The expected financial impacts of the potential closure are approximately €9 million in one-time cash costs in 2023-24 consisting mainly of severance costs, dismantling the production lines and restoration of leased buildings.

One-time net non-cash costs are expected to be around €3 million of which approximately €4.5 million will be posted in Q4/2022 and €-1.5 million in 2023-24 corresponding to releases of certain provisions. If implemented, the plan is expected to yield a positive EBITDA impact of approximately €3 million on an annualized basis.


Recycled-Textile - Biodegradable

-New Managing Director at Monforts

Gunnar Meyer returns to take the helm at the German textile machinery manufacturer.

Gunnar Meyer has been appointed as Managing Director of A. Monforts Textilmaschinen GmbH & Co. KG in Mönchengladbach, Germany, effective 1st January 2023.

Mr Meyer started his career with Monforts and has spent his whole working life in the textile machinery industry. Between 1985 and 2010 he was a key part of the Monforts team in various roles related to sales and commercial issues, including as General Sales Director.

He returned to the company in 2019 after working for other well-known German textile machine manufacturers in the field of nonwovens and is now looking forward to meeting the worldwide Monforts network of customers and suppliers at the forthcoming ITMA 2023 exhibition in Milan. Recycled-Textile – Biodegradable

“ITMA serves as an excellent platform for networking and meetings with key players again, after a long time,” he says. “Keeping good relationships with customers is essential, because what they buy from us is an investment in their future and they need to trust in our continued support. Working in other parts of the textile industry, I have gained a lot of experience in the management of complex technical textile projects and my special focus will certainly be on challenges like the current energy crisis, alternative heating systems and sustainable textile finishing.”

  1. Monforts Textilmaschinen GmbH & Co. KG was founded in 1884 and today is a leading supplier of textile dyeing and finishing machines as well as coating devices. The company is a market leader for stenters, continuous dyeing ranges, sanforising ranges and special executions for denim and for the coating of technical textiles and other special applications. The company is headquartered in Mönchengladbach, Germany.


New Managing Director at Monforts

-Biodegradable tax incentives to reduce plastic waste

Thailand is taking a big step to tackle plastic waste, and it’s all about incentives. The country’s Ministry of Finance has teamed up with the Ministry of Industry to announce a new program that offers a 25% corporate income tax reduction for businesses that buy biodegradable plastic products between 2022 and 2024.

This move is aimed at encouraging companies to make the switch and will reduce waste in the process. Recycled-Textile – Biodegradable

Industry Minister Suriya Jungrungreangkit said that the program also supports the government’s bio-, circular and green (BCG) economic model. BCG has been declared a national agenda item by the current administration.


Biodegradable tax incentives to reduce plastic waste

-Nexam Chemical takes first major order from South Korea

– Another success for reactive plastic recycling

Nasdaq First North-listed Nexam Chemical – which invents, develops, produces and sells additives to the plastics industry worldwide – takes the largest order to date in the South Korean market. The order applies to the Reactive Recycling area for recycled PET to a value of approximately SEK 1 million. Recycled-Textile – Biodegradable

Nexam Chemical has previously announced that the company has a new agent in Seoul, which has successfully started to develop the market with a focus on reactive recycling. Reactive Recycling, is a product series from Nexam Chemical that can significantly improve the properties of plastics in the recycling process.

“Nexam has the chemical expertise to recycle plastic without destroying the original properties. Therefore, this is an area of the future for us. With this order, we go from delivering sample volumes to an order to be used on a larger industrial scale, which is a confirmation of how well our recycling products work,” says Johan Arvidsson, CEO of Nexam Chemical and continues:

“This time we are also doing business in a new part of the world. It strengthens our vision of what we can achieve in the rapidly growing plastic recycling market”.


Nexam Chemical takes first major order from South Korea

Recycled-Textile – Biodegradable

PA6-Compounds – PP-recycling 12-01-2023

PA6-Compounds – PP-recycling 12-01-2023

PA6-Compounds – PP-recycling

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-New MLT Analytics report forecasts stellar growth for bio-based polyolefin market

According to a new report from Singapore-based MLT Analytics, the next decade will be one marked by exponential growth for the bio-based polyolefin market around the world.

Driven by a potent combination of consumer demand for more sustainable materials and the far-reaching sustainability ambitions and targets of the polyolefin suppliers, the global market for bio-based polyolefins is forecast to multiply by a factor of more than 20 between 2022 and 2032, reaching a volume of more than 4.7 million tonnes.

“2022 was a breakout year for bio-polyolefins in that we saw a notable diversification in the supplier base, with emerging suppliers developing and augmenting their commercial presence in the market, and adding to the dominant presence of incumbent producer Braskem,” said MLT Analytics CEO and co-founder Stephen Moore. “We also saw the bio-PP market more than triple in scale between 2021 and 2022 as mass balance-based polymer production kicked off in Europe and Japan,” he added. PA6-Compounds – PP-recycling

The coming decade will see the advent of myriad end-use applications for these materials, including existing mainstream bio-polyethylene applications such as extrusion coating, shopping bags, and blow-moulded containers, and emerging bio-polypropylene applications such as hygiene, housewares, and rigid and flexible packaging.

Most global polyolefin suppliers have announced sustainable polyolefin targets, typically to be achieved by 2030, that involve a mixed slate of polymers derived from bio-based, chemically-recycled, and mechanically-recycled feedstocks. And while the latter two routes may be preferred by some resin producers, brand owner and consumer pressures look like ensuring bio-based polyolefins will play a notable role in achieving sustainability targets.

However, according to Moore, the European Commission’s current proposals for a new Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive (PPWD) constitute a potential complicating factor to market growth for bio-polyolefins.

“The Commission has essentially signalled its preference for C14 assay over mass balance as the preferred means of measuring bio content, and added that bio-based plastics should target durable applications such as pipe and automotive, thereby functioning as carbon sinks. I don’t believe this is a stance that will be acceptable to bio-polyolefin suppliers given their investment in the mass balance approach.”

On the bio-polyolefin supply side, the leading incumbent supplier—Braskem—is being joined by a stable of European, Japanese, and Korean suppliers, with Dow Chemical also increasing its presence via production assets in Europe. “Bio-polyolefins are major components of Korean and Japanese suppliers’ sustainability strategies, and they will have ready access to export-oriented markets in Asia Pacific,” noted Moore.

“In fact, by 2032, we expect the Asia Pacific region to overtake Europe in consumption of bio-polyolefins.” PA6-Compounds – PP-recycling

He pointed out that bio-polyolefin suppliers also need to ensure they can secure sufficient bio-feedstocks to polymerise their products for the market. “Most bio-refineries focus on production of bio-fuels, with bio-naphtha being a lower priority by-product,” he said.


New MLT Analytics report forecasts stellar growth for bio-based polyolefin market

-QatarEnergy and Chevron Phillips Chemical sign a $6 billion petrochemicals deal

QatarEnergy and Chevron Phillips Chemical signed a $6 billion deal to construct an integrated polymers complex in Ras Laffan Industrial City Qatar.

The companies created a joint venture called Ras Laffan Petrochemicals in which QatarEnergy will own a 70% equity share and Chevron Phillips Chemical will own the remaining 30%.

The 435-acre project site will include an ethane cracker with a capacity of 2080 KTA of ethylene which, according to the press statement, is the largest ethane cracker in the Middle East. It will also include two high-density polyethylene derivative units with a total capacity of 1680 KTA. PA6-Compounds – PP-recycling

“This marks QatarEnergy’s largest investment ever in Qatar’s petrochemicals sector and the first direct investment in 12 years. It will double our ethylene production capacity, increase our local polymer production from 2.6 to more than 4 million tons per annum, and place the utmost emphasis on sustainable growth and the environment,” Saad Sherida Al-Kaabi, the Minister of State for Energy Affairs and the President and CEO of QatarEnergy, said.

Chevron Phillips Chemical will provide project management services, the construction began in June 2022, and the operations are expected to start in late 2026. The engineering, procurement, and construction of the ethane cracker will be executed by a joint venture between Samsung Engineering CO and CTCI Corporation. Tecnimont S.p.A. will execute engineering, procurement, and construction for the polyethylene units.


PA6-Compounds - PP-recycling

DSM-ADVENT-LANXESS – According to the Commission, the transaction does not raise any competition concerns.

The activities will flow into a joint venture between Lanxess and Advent.
The European Commission has cleared the acquisition of the engineering plastics businesses of DSM (DEM, DSM Engineering Materials) and Lanxess (HPM, High-Performance Materials) by private equity firm Advent International, a plan announced in spring 2021 (read more item).
The Commission considered that the transaction does not raise competition concerns, as the markets for the supply of polyamide 6-based high performance plastics and related compounds, where the parties’ businesses overlap, will remain sufficiently competitive even after the ‘acquisition. PA6-Compounds – PP-recycling
The transaction is part of the formation of an engineering materials joint venture between Lanxess and Advent, the name of which is not yet disclosed, but which will consist of three broad divisions: Performance Materials, comprising the Performance Polymers businesses of DEM and Engineering HPM Plastics; Specialty Materials, where the Specialties (DEM) and Tepex (HPM) units will be conferred; Intermediates, which will concentrate the intermediates of Lanxess and the Polymer & Films activities of DSM Engineering Materials (read the article).
A new headquarters will be established in the surroundings of Düsseldorf, alongside those already present in Geleen, the Netherlands (DEM) and Dormagen in Germany (HPM). Once operational, the joint venture will have a turnover of around 3 billion euros and will have around twenty production sites and fourteen research and development centres.
In the intentions of the two partners, Advent will hold control of the new company, with a minimum stake of 60%, while the remaining share capital will be in the hands of Lanxess.

PA6-Compounds - PP-recycling

Pvc contract prices in Europe have decreased significantly

– Contract prices for polyvinyl chloride (PVC) in Europe have fallen significantly this year amid low demand, ICIS said.

At the same time, export prices, on the contrary, rose as supplies from the United States and Asia decreased.

The domestic market in Europe was dominated by weak demand in the fourth quarter of 2022, with production costs also declining towards the end of the year due to lower gas and electricity prices. PA6-Compounds – PP-recycling

Monthly contract prices for PVC declined in December due to weak demand from the construction industry combined with a seasonal lull. Prices decreased by EUR50-80 per ton. Annual contract prices for 2023 are also down significantly from 2022 amid a gloomy demand picture that is expected to persist in the new year, according to market sources.

The outlook for PVC demand and the construction sector as a whole remains downward in 2023 due to the growing likelihood of a recession in Europe and abroad, continued low demand in China, likely further volatility in the electricity and gas markets, and inflation, which is not expected to decline at most until next year.

SPOT PVC prices in Europe rose significantly in January due to more limited supply from the US and Asia. Price offers were in the range of USD800-900 per ton, CFR Turkey for PVC with K = 67.

PVC prices in the US continued to recover amid limited supply due to VCM issues in India.

Earlier it was reported that the spot market for polyvinyl chloride (PVC) in Asia is likely to face some problems in 2023. Market participants hope that domestic conditions in China will improve after the New Year holidays according to the lunar calendar at the end of January 2023, when the winter seasonal lull ends.

However, while long-term demand for PVC in China is expected to grow as real estate projects resume, there is likely to remain some ongoing uncertainty about how the country will cope with COVID-19. PA6-Compounds – PP-recycling

According to the ScanPlast review, according to the results of eleven months of this year, the estimated consumption of unmixed PVC in Russia amounted to 816.36 thousand tons, which is 8% less than in 2021. The emulsion and suspension PVC markets showed a decrease in demand, but the largest drop in demand was in emulsion.

-A large producer of PVC from Northeast Asia raised prices for February deliveries to China and Southeast Asia

A major manufacturer in Northeast Asia has raised its offerings for February shipments of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) to China and Southeast Asia from Jan. 11, ICIS reported.

Offers for deliveries in February are USD885 per tonne, CFR China and USD880 per tonne, CFR South East Asia. On fob (free-to-board) Northeast Asia terms, the offer is USD840 per ton. There is no discount for February shipments.

Earlier it was reported that the average capacity utilization at Chinese plants for the production of purified terephthalic acid (TPA) decreased by 2% in the week ended December 16, compared with the level of a week earlier and amounted to 63%. Average production utilization was lower compared to the previous week, mainly due to the shutdown for maintenance of the Sichuan Shengda plant, despite the restart of production of Oriental Petrochemical. PA6-Compounds – PP-recycling

According to the ScanPlast review, the estimated consumption of PET in October of this year decreased by 16% compared to a year earlier and amounted to 58.53 thousand tons (against 69.28 thousand tons in October 2021). According to the results of ten months of 2022, 680.14 thousand tons of PET were processed in Russia, which is 1% less than the same indicator last year.

PA6-Compounds - PP-recycling

-TotalEnergies joins Nextloopp recycling initiative

Nextloopp, the UK-based global, multi-participant PP recycling project launched by Nextek Ltd in October 2020 has welcomed TotalEnergies as its newest member.

Nextloopp, the UK-based global, multi-participant PP recycling project launched by Nextek Ltd in October 2020 has welcomed TotalEnergies as its newest member.  The Nextloopp initiative brings together 48 companies from the plastics value chain with the aim of creating food-grade recycled polymer through the use of advanced mechanical recycling technology. Ultimately the project proposes to close the loop on food-grade PP.

TotalEnergies’ participation and the extensive technical capabilities in creating circular solutions for PP resins which they are bringing into the initiative strengthens the project as a whole, according to Professor Edward Kosior, the founder and CEO of both Nextek Ltd and Nextloopp. PA6-Compounds – PP-recycling

“They contribute to the growing body of expertise in controlling the properties and formulation of their range of both virgin and recycled PP for a myriad of applications,” he said.

Nextloopp is the outcome of eight years of research and commercial trials, during which new technology was developed, which enabled food-grade PP to be efficiently and cost-effectively sorted from post-consumer material. After sorting the material, it undergoes a decontamination step that is rigorous enough to allow the polymer to comply with stringent food-grade standards. Nextloopp has recently completed a landmark study of background contamination of post-consumer PP packaging for its submissions to food safety authorities in Europe (EFSA), in the United States (USFDA) and in the United Kingdom (UK FSA).

TotalEnergies has joined the initiative, among others, to meet the growing customer demand for high-quality recycled polymers. The company says that the technology will enable it to further expand its recently launched RE:use polymers range, which features products containing mechanically recycled raw materials.

“This initiative will allow us to go one step further in developing technologies to produce food-grade recycled material from advanced mechanical recycling and broaden our options for projects that contribute to our ambition to produce 30% circular polymers by 2030,” said Nathalie Brunelle, Vice President Polymers at TotalEnergies.


TotalEnergies joins Nextloopp recycling initiative

-Resin : Prices Rise to Start New Year

Resin prices rose for the first time in months to begin the new year, spurred by restricted supply, improving sentiment, and rising monomer costs, particularly for polymer-grade propylene (PGP), reports the PlasticsExchange in its Market Update. Another force majeure was issued for polyethylene (PE) as a result of winter storm Elliot, which now makes two each for PE and polypropylene (PP). PA6-Compounds – PP-recycling

Demand was seen from both resellers and processors, and purchase orders began to flow in to secure material, mostly for immediate needs as downstream inventories dwindled. There were few fresh offers in the spot market, as many market participants, including some producers’ sales forces, remained on holiday the first week of January. Limited railcars of off-grade PE and PP were available, while January domestic prime offerings should begin to show in the next week.

The same held true in the export market, as some buyer inquiries floated in. But exporters had not yet received January pricing and availability, although PE was indicated $0.03/lb above December levels. Chinese buyers have reportedly been actively procuring material again, providing some support to the market. Producers are out with price increases for January contracts, and PP indeed will see a sizable jump, as monomer costs have been running higher. It remains to be seen if the supply/demand dynamic has come back enough toward balance to determine if the PP margin increase or PE increase will see some implementation this month, writes the PlasticsExchange.

PE resin prices add $0.02/lb

The PE market was fairly active, considering the holiday-shortened week — demand was good, fresh supply was light, and prices added $0.02/lb. The PlasticsExchange said it was challenged to fill buyer demand, as prime railcars were elusive, but managed to find off-grade railcars that met customer needs. Prime truckload orders also were satisfied by the Chicago-based resin clearinghouse, which expects sellers to return from their holiday break and be back to the market next week with fresh supply, although it does not expect to see much material. CP Chem suffered equipment damage related to winter storm Elliot on one of its units at the Cedar Bayou plant, which is their largest. It issued a force majeure on all PE produced at that plant. Ineos had issued a force majeure on its high-density (HD) PE the previous week. PA6-Compounds – PP-recycling

The production disruptions came after North American PE producers had been running reactors at significantly reduced rates since September to reduce surplus resin inventories that had been weighing on prices. Nearly three-quarters of a billion pounds were cleared out through November, which is meaningful, and the PlasticsExchange said it expects the December production decline and inventory draw to be substantial. Though spot levels eroded in the fourth quarter amid price consolidation, contracts managed to hold steady these past three months. Producers are now all out with January increase nominations that range between $0.06 and 0.08/lb. It will be interesting to see if the reduced inventories throughout the supply chain and processors need to restock amid more bullish sentiment will be enough to turn the tide to achieve some level of implementation.

PP resin prices jump $0.04/lb

PP prices jumped $0.04/lb the week of Jan. 2 on the heels of rapidly rising monomer costs. Deals were done for both railcars and packaged material, and co-polymer outstripped homo-polymer. Buyers were engaged from the get-go, according to the PlasticsExchange. Some came to fill urgent needs after an extended period of slack demand, while others scooped up well-priced material that was still available as monomer prices rallied sharply, suggesting that a January  price increase will be imminent.

PP producers have cut reactors rates sharply since September, and the November inventory drawdown was the largest since the winter storm of 2021; similar results are expected from December, especially considering the short-lived, and somewhat impactful winter storm that swept through the petrochemical-producing gulf area a couple weeks ago. The severe cold weather brought about force majeure declarations for PP from both Ineos and Pinnacle. PA6-Compounds – PP-recycling

The American Chemistry Council December sales figures have not been released yet, but aggregate domestic PP sales were dismal from September through November, about 100 million pounds per month less than the trailing 12-month average. Some of that can be attributed to slower throughput, and some to processors just working down their on-hand resin stocks as prices slid.


Resin : Prices Rise to Start New Year

-StoreDot opens California innovation hub to accelerate development of semi-solid state batteries

Israel-based StoreDot, a developer of extreme fast charging battery technology for electric vehicles, officially opened its first US research facility in Irvine, California. The new lab facility will be used to speed up StoreDot’s development of semi-solid battery technology and battery material research. PA6-Compounds – PP-recycling

The company chose the location to access the wealth of talent in the US West Coast and to strengthen the company’s relationship with US-headquartered electric vehicle manufacturers.

The US team is headed by StoreDot’s global Chief Science Officer Dr David Lee. Dr Lee and his team will work in tandem with StoreDot’s Israel-based R&D headquarters, enabling it to scale up globally and remain firmly on track for its 100inX strategic technology roadmap.

Announced last year, the roadmap will see the delivery of mass-produced battery cells capable of 100 miles of range in five minutes of charge by 2024, 100 miles in three minutes by 2028 and 100 miles in two minutes by 2032.

StoreDot is currently yielding positive feedback from multiple global car makers after shipping 300 Wh/kg in EV form factor for real-world testing last year. These cells achieve a world-leading consecutive extreme-fast charging of above 1,000 cycles demonstrating a Silicon-dominant chemistry with no battery degradation due to XFC.

StoreDot has a growing network of strategic global partnerships and investors, spanning the entire battery ecosystem. To date it has received investments from global automotive manufacturers including Daimler, Ola Electric, Polestar, VinFast and Volvo Cars.


StoreDot opens California innovation hub to accelerate development of semi-solid state batteries

PA6-Compounds – PP-recycling

Chemical-Recycling – Polymers 11-01-2023

Chemical-Recycling – Polymers 11-01-2023

Chemical-Recycling – Polymers

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-India keeping tabs on possible extra EU sanctions on Russian crude oil

Moscow remains top oil exporter to India for the third month in a row in December

India is keeping close tabs on possible extra sanctions by the European Union on Russian crude as the price cap of $60 per barrel has had little impact on exports to India, oil ministry and industry officials said.

Sources said the cap has not impacted the import of Russian crude as the present price is $53-$56 per barrel.

However, the government is weighing up options if the price crosses $60 per barrel — purchases will then be restricted — or if the EU decides on imposing blanket secondary sanctions on countries purchasing Russian oil.

Russia remains the top oil exporter to India for the third month in a row in December, supplying 1.17 million barrels a day (mbd) of crude — an all-time high — energy intelligence firm Vortexa said.

Imports in December were 24 per cent higher than November, with the private sector refiners the major buyers.

Meanwhile, Russia has restored ONGC Videsh’s 20 per cent stake in Sakhalin-1 oil and gas fields, officials of stateowned exploration firms have confirmed.

R u s s i a n p r e s i d e n t Vladimir Putin in October last year disbanded Exxon Neftegaz — a regional subsidiary of US super-major ExxonMobil — as operator of the Sakhalin-1 field and transferred the project and all of its assets and equipment to a new operator.

The other former foreign shareholders in the project — Japan’s Sodeco consortium and ONGC Videsh — were asked to apply to the Russian government to regain their shareholdings in the project. OVL applied and has been given the same shareholding as it had previously, the official said.

Production from Sakhalin-1 stopped in April 2022 after Exxon Neftegaz declared force majeure at the project.


India keeping tabs on possible extra EU sanctions on Russian crude oil

-The January contract price of MEG in Europe was reduced by EUR20 per ton

The January contract price of monoethylene glycol (MEG) in Europe has been agreed at EUR790 per tonne, eur60 per tonne less than in December, ICIS said.

The price was agreed on the terms of free shipping (FD) in Northwest Europe (NWE).

In order for agreements to be considered fully confirmed, a minimum configuration of two producers and two consumers is required.

The December contract price of MEGs in Europe was agreed at EUR20 per tonne lower compared to November.  Chemical-Recycling – Polymers

MEG supply in Europe may decline earlier this year as local load rates remain low due to unfavorable sales conditions. Imports from the U.S. will be restricted early in the quarter following unplanned blackouts caused by winter storm Elliott.

Earlier it was reported that imports of monoethylene glycol (MEG) to China decreased by 9.3% compared with October to 546.29 thousand tons in November due to the continuing reduction in supplies. The sources said major Asian and Middle Eastern producers continued to restrict production due to low profitability, and expectations of low demand at the end of the year also reduced consumer interest in imported goods. Compared to November 2021, MEG imports into the country decreased by 26.5%. As for exports, the figure in November rose to 3.44 thousand tons compared with 1.49 thousand tons in October, as shown by data.

MEG, along with terephthalic acid (TPA), is one of the main raw materials for the production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET).

According to the ScanPlast review, the estimated consumption of PET in October of this year decreased by 16% compared to a year earlier and amounted to 58.53 thousand tons (against 69.28 thousand tons in October 2021). According to the results of ten months of 2022, 680.14 thousand tons of PET were processed in Russia, which is 1% less than the same indicator last year. Chemical-Recycling – Polymers

The January contract price of MEG in Europe was reduced by EUR20 per ton

-Russia freezes Linde assets worth USD488 mln

A Russian court has ordered nearly USD500 mln of assets belonging to German industrial gases company Linde to be frozen at the request of a Russian joint venture building a gas complex at the Baltic Sea port of Ust-Luga, court filings showed, said Reuters.

RusKhimAlyans, the joint venture which is 50% owned by Russia’s Gazprom, asked the Court of Arbitration of St Petersburg and the Leningrad Region to freeze Linde assets worth USD488 mln as a preventative measure.

In 2021, Linde and Renaissance Heavy Industries signed an engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract with Gazprom and its partners for the Ust-Luga gas complex. Linde notified the customer in May and June 2022 that it had suspended work under the contract due to European Union sanctions imposed after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

RusKhimAlyans alleges, according to the document, that EU sanctions ban supplying equipment for the LNG plant but do not cover equipment required for the other part of the Ust-Luga complex – a gas processing plant.

RusKhimAlyans intends to apply to the Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre to recover advance payment and losses worth around 972 MM euros (USD1 bn) and 7.6 B roubles, according to the court filings. Chemical-Recycling – Polymers

Linde did not immediately respond to an email seeking comment.

We remind, Linde, the world’s largest industrial gases company, said on Tuesday it has started producing green hydrogen at its facilities in Greece. Green hydrogen is made from water by electrolysis using renewable wind and solar power. The U.S.-German company, which supplies gases such as oxygen, nitrogen and hydrogen to factories and hospitals, said it was the first green hydrogen production in Greece. Hydrogen is key in Europe’s energy transition to a sustainable environment and net zero emissions by 2050.


Russia freezes Linde assets worth USD488 mln

-Chemical Recycling of Used PET by Glycolysis Using Niobia-Based Catalysts

Plastic production has steadily increased worldwide at a staggering pace. The polymer industry is, unfortunately, C-intensive, and accumulation of plastics in the environment has become a major issue. Plastic waste valorization into fresh monomers for production of virgin plastics can reduce both the consumption of fossil feedstocks and the environmental pollution, making the plastic economy more sustainable. Recently, the chemical recycling of plastics has been studied as an innovative solution to achieve a fully sustainable cycle. In this way, plastics are depolymerized to their monomers or/and oligomers appropriate for repolymerization, closing the loop. In this work, PET was depolymerized to its bis(2-hydroxyethyl) terephthalate (BHET) monomer via glycolysis, using ethylene glycol (EG) in the presence of niobia-based catalysts. Using a sulfated niobia catalyst treated at 573 K, we obtained 100% conversion of PET and 85% yield toward BHET at 195 °C in 220 min. This approach allows recycling of the PET at reasonable conditions using an inexpensive and nontoxic material as a catalyst. Chemical-Recycling – Polymers

  1. Introduction


Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is a semicrystalline thermoplastic polyester with excellent water resistance, transparency, and mechanical strength produced by the polycondensation reaction of terephthalic acid and ethylene glycol. (1−3) PET, due to its sturdy physicochemical and mechanical properties, low cost, and safe consumer use, has been widely used over the past decades in various applications and has become ubiquitous in our daily life. For instance, it can be used in the production of textile fibers, bioriented films, and packaging. (1,2,4) The durability of PET, its mass production, and poor end-of-life management, unfortunately, have caused a serious global environmental problem. (4)

Approximately, 73 million tons of PET were produced globally in 2020, whereas only 9% of PET was recycled. (5) Most of these disposable plastics ended up as trash accumulated in landfills or in the oceans, causing significant harm to the environment in terms of water, air, and land pollution. The decomposition of PET can take several decades; so, it is not surprising that biomagnification and bioaccumulation in oceans and other water bodies have transferred these materials to humans. (6) Recently, researchers at the Free University of Amsterdam reported the presence of micrometer-sized plastic particles, including PET, in blood samples of healthy individuals. (7) Similar results were reported by researchers at the Hull University on lung tissues. (8) Clearly, immediate action is vital to tackle this issue before it becomes global public health and environmental problems. (9) Also, PET plastics are produced from fossil-based raw materials, which increases the C intensity of the process. Therefore, developing technologies that can bring these materials back to the production cycle can reduce both the carbon footprint and the environmental pollution. (10) If one ton of plastic waste is recycled, (10) then seven barrels of oil could be saved; therefore, developing an efficient recycling strategy will reduce the energy and crude oil consumption.

Nonetheless, due to the economic and ecological concerns, depolymerization of PET has received scientists’ attention in the past years, which has led to significant attempts to recycle PET globally. (4) Mechanical recycling is one of the options but restricted to few cycles as the mechanical and physicochemical properties of the plastic degrade over time, ultimately limiting the economical value of the finished product. Chemical recycling allows for the complete recovery of the individual monomers employed in the manufacturing of PET, which facilitates the production of pristine plastic. As the price of pristine PET continues to be the same, the recycling technologies should be economical to produce cheaper PET, which can profit the industries. (2)

There are four different mechanical and chemical recycling methodologies of PET substances: Primary recycling is the reusing of preconsumed PET materials that are uncontaminated and clean; for instance, preconsumed PET bottles can be used to produce new PET bottles. (2) For secondary recycling, in this process, postconsumed PET materials undergo mechanical recycling, which includes different steps, the removal of contamination, drying, and melt reprocessing. (11) Tertiary recycling or chemical recycling includes depolymerization of PET materials to their monomer units. Chemical recycling can be achieved through pyrolysis or by solvolysis. (2) The pyrolysis process includes the depolymerization of PET materials by heat and in the absence of oxygen. In contrast, solvolysis is a process whereby PET material is depolymerized by solvents such as water (hydrolysis), alcohols (alcoholysis), amines (aminolysis), ammonia (ammonolysis), and glycol (glycolysis). (2,3) It has to be noted that PET materials are a type of polyester, which contain ester functional groups that can be split by different reagents. (3) For quaternary recycling, in this process, postconsumed PET materials get incinerated, and the produced energy content can be recovered. To illustrate this, wasted plastics, together with other municipal wastes, can get burned in advanced incinerators, and as a result, significant heat and steam will be generated, which can run the turbine blades and produce electricity.Chemical-Recycling – Polymers

Glycolysis, due to its advantages in terms of operating temperature, mild reaction conditions, yield, and scalability, is one of the most promising depolymerization processes for the chemical recycling of PET. (3,12−34) The obtained monomers, which are bis(2-hydroxyethyl) terephthalate (BHET) and ethylene glycol (EG), have diverse applications. (35) Among the different recycling processes, (36−40) we have chosen glycolysis to convert the PET into its monomers (Figure 1).

PET glycolysis can be carried out using diols, such as ethylene glycol (EG), propylene glycol (PG), and diethylene glycol (DG). In the absence of catalysts, the reaction is slow, leading to incomplete depolymerization of PET to BHET monomers. Instead, the formation of side products (oligomers) is significantly enhanced. The low reactivity of PET is associated to the high stability of the carboxylic group as electron delocalization is enhanced by the resonance with the aromatic ring. For this reason, solid Brønsted acid catalysts are required to activate the carboxyl group and facilitate the electrophilic attack of EG to C═O. (2)

The advantages of solid acid catalysts outweigh the homogeneous acid catalysts, as it is possible to separate them from the reaction products by filtration, and consequently, the production of the hazardous waste will be lower.

Also, solid acid catalysts are noncorrosive. Thus, the usage of solid acid catalysts in most industrial chemical reactions, as environmentally friendly catalysts, has been prevalent over the past decades. (3)Chemical-Recycling – Polymers

EG has a free electron pair that can start the reaction by attacking the carbonyl carbon of the ester group of PET. (41) Consequently, the hydroxyethyl group of EG forms a bond with the carbonyl carbon of PET (Figure 1), resulting in splitting the long-chain into short-chain oligomers and ultimately BHET. (41) Nonetheless, the rate of glycolysis of PET depends on variables such as the temperature, PET/EG ratio, time, and PET/catalyst ratio. For example, it has been reported that glycolysis of PET with a molar ratio of 1:6 (PET:EG) at temperatures ranging within 180–195 °C under a reflux condenser has the highest efficiency. (42) Currently, the solid catalysts either require a high temperature or pressure to get a high yield. For example, ZnMn2O4 is reported to be one of the best catalysts, yielding 92% BHET yield, but it requires 260 °C and 5.0 atm pressure.

(14) Another solid catalyst, γ-Fe2O3 yielded >90% BHET but required a temperature of 300 °C. (17) Moreover, for an economical operation, it is also required that the catalysts should be inexpensive and readily preparable and should have high mechanical and thermal stability. Chemical-Recycling – Polymers


Russia freezes Linde assets worth USD488 mln

-There isn’t enough recycled plastic for companies to meet commitments. What now?

Recycling and using recycled content alone won’t solve the waste crisis. We must design the idea of waste out of the system.

Many companies have made commitments to drastically increase their use of post-consumer recycled content (PCR) in their packaging or products. Take Nestlé, which pledged to reach 30 percent PCR in packaging by 2025, or L’Oréal, which pledged 50 percent. There are even laws taking effect that call for companies to incorporate more PCR, such as Assembly Bill 793 in California.Chemical-Recycling – Polymers

But there’s an elephant in the room: There’s not enough recycled plastic for companies to meet those mandates or their public commitments (let alone their private ambitions).

And we’re not moving in the right direction. Virgin versus PCR plastic use in packaging actually increased (by 2.5 percent) between 2020 and 2021.

Why is there not enough recycled content to meet the needs of companies?

We design products with a “virgin mentality”: Historically, we’ve designed our products and packages from virgin raw materials, because they’re low-cost, can be adapted for use in many applications and have been readily available. In other words, we’re actively designing from a “virgin mentality,” relying on the price and performance that new materials offer.

More recently, organizations are embracing — or in some cases, are required — to use recycled content. Since the systems to manufacture their products (packaging production lines) are already in place, they need to find recycled content that behaves the same as the virgin material they are trying to replace. If characteristics such as melt flow, color and grade (such as food grade) aren’t the same, they’ll have to modify their manufacturing processes (mold cycle times, wall thickness, color, etc.). That can make the product less desirable because of a higher cost or different look and performance.

So far, the only PCR that seems to allow companies to avoid changing their processes is made from beverage containers (polyethylene terephthalate, or PET, beverage bottles and high-density polyethylene, or HDPE, milk jugs).

Have you noticed that a T-shirt or a shampoo bottle made from rPET (recycled PET) is not made from other T-shirts or shampoo bottles but from soda bottles? This moves a food-grade clear plastic into a non-food grade application. Once it’s made into a T-shirt, it’s unlikely to be recycled again and would not technically be able to be made back into a soda bottle. Chemical-Recycling – Polymers

  1. The energy crisis is making recycled content less available: The energy crisis, sparked by the ongoing war in Ukraine, has shaken the global energy market. In Europe and the rest of the world, recycling facilities are heavily affected.In Italy, the national association of companies that recycle plastics announced the suspension of 40 percent of recycling activities. Plastics Recyclers Europe has even hinted that plastic recycling companies could be driven out of business, as energy represents up to 70 percent of operational costs. Governments would rather focus their energy reserves on heating and critical sectors.Many global companies rely on European recyclers to provide content for their packaging. With the cost of recycling going up, company commitments to integrate recycled content are not economically viable. (Although U.S. recycling companies have yet to be greatly affected by such a shift, the impact on their global business plans could impede any chance of catching up to timed brand commitments.)
  1. There’s a lack of government support: The failure of companies to achieve their voluntary commitments is more evidence of the need for governments to step in, say the Ellen McArthur Foundation (EMF), Greenpeace and more.Governments are beginning to mandate PCR use (such as through AB 793 in California or the European Commission’s Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive), but this is creating even more demand for the small pool of available PCR. What is really needed from governments is fiscal support of recycling infrastructure and technology, and pressure for systems to be closed loop. So, for example, soda bottle material stays in soda bottles, and T-shirts are made back into T-shirts.Chemical-Recycling – Polymers

So, what now?  

The No. 1 way to address the issue is to design from a “waste mentality.” Designing based on material that’s already available in the waste stream — not just municipally sourced beverage containers — can be done through:

Closed-loop design: The best solution is to design packaging to be closed loop (having the ability to be made back into itself at its end of life). Let’s look at two examples of this in practice.

  1. HDPE shampoo bottle: First, examine the material characteristics of the available material, which means looking at a pile of shampoo bottles. Design something that fits those characteristics (opaque, perhaps gray in color, thicker-walled).
  2. Now that you have a closed-loop bottle design, find an input by calling recycling centers. You may find that recycling centers are sorting for natural-color HDPE (like milk jugs) but not darker HDPE (like shampoo bottles).
  3. Now see if you can pay them to start sorting for this new fraction. You’ll have the PCR you need, and you’ll have improved the recycling system by creating demand for more diverse types of material beyond clear PET and HDPE, preventing “less-desirable” packaging materials from ending up in an open-loop system.Chemical-Recycling – Polymers
  4. GPPS (general-purpose polystyrene) pen: You guessed it; start with a pile of pen waste and go from there. Once you have a design, you’ll need to figure out where to source the PCR. Unlike with shampoo bottles, you won’t be able to source material from the current recycling industry. You’ll need to set up your own supply chain through a take-back program.

Design from waste (not closed loop): This concept is similar to the above, but would not involve designing bottle-to-bottle or pen-to-pen. Instead, you’re turning one type of waste (not municipally sourced beverage containers) into another.

Source from recycling centers: Work with recycling centers to find an input (one they don’t currently sort for) that would fit the characteristics of the package you’re designing. That could be, say, dark PET or cosmetics packaging, if you’re designing a shampoo bottle. Pay the recycling centers to begin collecting and recycling this material.

Self-source: You can also collect materials yourself.Chemical-Recycling – Polymers

One way to go about this is by collecting “storied materials” — materials that carry a narrative and can be traced to point of origin. Collecting waste with a story (such as trash from the ocean or the top of Mount Everest) doesn’t seem economical at face value. But products created with storied material resonate with consumers and unlock added marketing value (from reaching sustainability goals, earning media placements and standing out on shelves) that traditional PCR can’t.

For instance, we worked with brand partner P&G to create shampoo bottles from ocean plastic. The response was so strong that P&G expanded this framework to its Herbal Essences line and to homecare with Fairy and Joy dish soap.

All of the above ideas represent only a step on the journey and not the answer. Recycling and using recycled content alone won’t solve the waste crisis. We must design the idea of waste out of the system.Chemical-Recycling – Polymers

It’s time to invest in new business models that enable a shift away from disposable to reusable. This will be a shift as big as moving from horse and buggy to gasoline-powered cars or from gas to electric cars. But solutions already exist to support companies in moving to reusable packaging. Some have a regional reach or are sector-specific (reusable cup programs in quick-serve restaurants in Canada and London), some are cross-sector and global (such as Loop, a division of TerraCycle), and there are also various bulk initiatives run by retailers (Asda and Carrefour, for example).

With all that said, the true solution is to stop waste at the source. We all need to vote for a better future by buying less.


Chemical-Recycling - Polymers

-Loop Industries has target slashed by Roth

Roth Capital Partners has lowered its expectations on Canadian cleantech name Loop Industries (Loop Industries Stock Quote, Charts, News, Analysts, Financials NASDAQ:LOOP). Chemical-Recycling – Polymers

In a Thursday company note to clients, analyst Gerry Sweeney kept a “Buy” rating on the stock while dropping his 12-month target from $20.00 to $6.00 after assessing the company’s status regarding a recent pivot announcement.

Loop, which has patented tech to depolymerize no- and low-value waste PET plastic and polyester fibre to create virgin-quality, Loop-branded PET plastic resin and fibre suitable for food-grade packaging, announced last month a strategy pivot including the sale of its Becancour land, cost cutting, the departure of its CFO Drew Hickey and an overall focus of on its relationship with SK Geocentric (SKGC) for planned projects in Asia and Europe.

“These joint venture projects have a lower requirement for Loop equity investment and higher return on capital and leverage SKGC’s engineering and operational infrastructure. In addition, the joint venture projects will provide Loop with an annual technology licensing fee,” the company said in a December 22 press release.

“SKGC is committed to commercializing Loop’s technology as the underpinning of its sustainable plastics strategy. Loop is working collaboratively with SKGC to put in place the financing plan for the rollout of large-scale manufacturing in Asia and Europe, including the first Asian manufacturing facility in Ulsan, South Korea, which is planned to break ground in 2023,” Loop said. Chemical-Recycling – Polymers

Commenting on the moves, Sweeney said while the pivot should provide multiple years of cash, questions remain over the company’s total plant build-out as well as on equity splits in ownership and potential funding.

Sweeney said he believes Loop’s technology works as demonstrated at its Terrebonne facility and through the investment from SKGC, but he said he’s disappointed in how long it took management and the board to decide on the pivot.

“While there remains opportunity for the plant to be built in the future, it was one of the centerpieces of LOOP’s strategy and a key messaging point for the past two years. The SKGC relationship remains a key opportunity, however, LOOP is not in the driver’s seat and economics of how the relationship will develop remain unclear. There will be a royalty aspect, but not only does the equity portion remain uncertain, the funding of the equity is not clear as well. We would like to see a more definitive plan and timeline emerge for SKGC relationship,” Sweeney wrote. Chemical-Recycling – Polymers


Chemical-Recycling - Renewable-materials

-Polymers and plastics: the amount of recycled and renewable materials keeps growing – Totalenergies

Polymers and plastics: the amount of recycled and renewable materials keeps growing

Our polymer business activities around the world

By transforming oil, gas, biomass and plastic waste, we produce polymers, recycled polymers and biopolymers that can be incorporated in the plastic manufacturing process. Plastics and their properties can be harnessed to design products featuring a host of benefits (lightweight, hard-wearing, waterproof, etc.). Those qualities have cemented their status as an essential part of our everyday lives. As a leading producer of polymers, TotalEnergies has a role to play in improving how end-of-life plastics are managed and thereby preventing them from ending up in the natural environment. We are spearheading several projects to reduce the environmental impact of our polymers, promote recycling and produce polymers from renewable materials. Chemical-Recycling – Polymers

We are aiming to produce 30% recycled and renewable polymers by 2030.

Most of our customers are processing professionals who use our polymers — polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, their recycled equivalents and our biopolymers — to manufacture plastic-based finished products for different markets:

  • Automotive: fenders, airbags, fuel tanks, interior components, etc.
  • Construction pipes, insulation panels, artificial turf, carpets, etc.
  • Health & hygiene: IV bags, syringes, razors, etc.
  • Electrics & electronics: televisions, refrigerators, cables, etc.
  • Packaging: protective film, bottle stoppers, trays, etc.
  • Industrial packaging: containers, paint cans, etc.

Using our polymers in these markets can help our customers reduce their carbon footprint by:

  • Improving building insulation performance: installing plastic insulation in 50% of buildings could save 340 million tons of CO2. Chemical-Recycling – Polymers
  • Reducing the weight of vehicles: plastic vehicle parts are
  • 40 to 50% lighter than parts made from alternative materials, which can trim 200 kg off each vehicle and thereby save 0.5 L of fuel per 100 km.
  • Curbing the impact of transporting food: if food products were packaged in materials other than plastic, the overall weight would be quadrupled, energy consumption would double and greenhouse gas emissions would triple.

Reduce the environmental impact of our polymers:

Polymers and plastics: the amount of recycled and renewable materials keeps growing

To help our customers rein in their CO2 emissions and stand out in their markets, our experts are working closely alongside them in pioneering innovative processes and rolling those processes out on an industrial scale. The objective is to produce high value-added polymers that can be used to create plastics offering superior environmental performance and enhanced properties (lightweight, resilient, flexible, etc.).

From production through to end use, we are focused on producing polymers with a reduced environmental footprint.Chemical-Recycling – Polymers

For example, we are continually enhancing our production processes to use less water and energy. We are also working on the properties of our polymers to help our customers continue scaling down their use of raw materials while guaranteeing equivalent or superior levels of performance. Eco-design principles are also influencing our efforts to engineer plastics that are easier to recycle.

Our ambition is to produce 30% recycled and renewable polymers by 2030.

Plastic waste management is a mission-critical challenge facing the sector. We are working closely alongside all the professionals in the value chain, including plastic manufacturers, research centers, waste collection and sorting companies, and their customers, to deliver tangible solutions, such as developing different plastic recycling processes and using renewable raw materials to produce bioplastics.

Developing plastic recycling processes

Mechanical recycling is a mature technology that is capable of treating high-purity waste from collective sorting and recycling centers, as well as other post-consumer waste. Plastic waste is sorted and cleaned before being crushed and melted do In December 2021, we signed a strategic partnership agreement with Plastic Omnium to mastermind new types of polypropylene meeting the standards that apply to the automotive industry.

Advanced recycling is a leading-edge technology that complements mechanical recycling and which is capable of treating waste that cannot be mechanically recycled, thereby serving applications in high value-added markets, such as food packaging.

Advanced recycling processes modify the molecular structure of plastic waste to create a basic raw material, namely monomers, which can be processed again into all-new polymers.Chemical-Recycling – Polymers

To accelerate this technology’s development, we are joining forces with professionals across the value chain to spearhead a number of large-scale projects:

For example, we have teamed up with Citeo, Saint-Gobain and Syndifrais as part of a project aimed at creating a polystyrene recycling channel in France. We are working alongside Citeo, Recycling Technologies, Mars and Nestlé to develop an advanced recycling channel in France.wn for reuse. It is perfectly suited to applications in a number of markets, such as the automotive and construction industries.

As trailblazers in the sector with our Circular Compounds® range, we produce polymers that contain no less than 50% of recycled materials while delivering similar performance levels to virgin polymers.

In 2019, we acquired Synova, the French leader in producing high-performance recycled polypropylene for applications in the automotive and construction sectors. Late September 2021, we announced that the plant had doubled its production capacity for mechanically recycled polymers to achieve nearly 45,000 t/year. Chemical-Recycling – Polymers


Polymers and plastics: the amount of recycled and renewable materials keeps growing

Chemical-Recycling – Polymers

Corpus-Christi-Polymer – PTA-PET 10-01-2023

Corpus-Christi-Polymer – PTA-PET 10-01-2023

Corpus-Christi-Polymer – PTA-PET

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Corpus Christi Polymer Resumes Construction of PTA/PET Plant

“We like to remind you that everything stems from an idea and intuition of Guido Ghisolfi (unfortunately passed away in March 2015) who in 2013 started the construction of the Corpus Christi plant.”

When CCP starts production in 2025, this will be the largest vertically-integrated PTA-PET production facility in the world.

Corpus Christi Petroleum (CCP) has resumed construction of its new  plant in Texas, which when slated for start-up in 2025 will represent the world’s largest vertically-integrated PET/PTA facility,  producing 2.4 billion lb/yr of PET and another 2.8 billion lb/yr of purified PTA. CCP is backed by three of the world’s leading PET and PTA companies: Alpec S.A.B. de C.V., Indorama Ventures Holding LP, and Far Eastern Investment Holding Limited of Taiwan.  Corpus-Christi-Polymer – PTA-PET

CCP will employ three of the latest technologies in this industry including InegRex in PTA, Invista in PET melt, and CCP’s proprietary Easy Up technology in PET solid state. CCP says that using these innovative processes, their products offer key technical advantages compared to competing packaging materials in their versatility, durability, heat resistance, light weight, cost competitiveness and 100% recyclability. The company will produce its own industrial water by desalination, minimizing impact on Corpus Christi’s potable water supply.

Sarens, a global leader in heavy lifting, engineered transport and crane rental, will have a crucial role as a supplier of the cranes required for this work. Sarens will move various units, including a Liebherr LR1350 unit with a maximum capacity of 350 tons and a Demag CC2800 with a maximum capacity of 660 tons, to the new CCP facility.


Corpus-Christi-Polymer - PTA-PET

-Germany energy crisis powers hydrogen switch

From the moment Russian gas exports to Germany were first disrupted in June, German firm Kelheim Fibers began casting around for alternative options to keep its engines running, said Reuters.

As a result, the Bavarian-based firm, whose fibers are used in anything from teabags to tampons, will be able to use heating oil instead of gas starting mid-January. The downside is that will increase carbon emissions and for the longer term, the firm is considering a switch to hydrogen, which is a much cleaner energy source provided it is produced using renewable power.

“We want to be one of the first large companies in Bavaria to switch to hydrogen,” Craig Barker, managing director of the 87-year-old firm, told Reuters. Energy costs account for over 60%-70% of the company’s variable expenses, overtaking that of its main raw material, Barker said.

Kelheim Fibers is one of many small and medium-sized companies that form the backbone of Europe’s biggest economy, and that are seeking to diversify their energy mix to maintain output. Russia’s reduction of gas supplies to Germany following Moscow’s invasion of Ukraine in February, has forced Berlin to reactivate or extend the lifespan of its coal-fired power plants, putting greenhouse emissions targets in jeopardy.

However, ifo economist Klaus Wohlrabe said the crisis could eventually lead to greener production. “Relying on fossil fuels for the long term has proven to be a risky path. So in the medium term, at least, companies have no choice but to reorientate themselves,” Wohlrabe said.

Kelheim Fibers, which has so far covered 85% of energy needs with gas, is in talks with stakeholders over hydrogen imports with an expected annual consumption of about 30,000 tons, starting from 2025, Barker added. “We definitely need infrastructure,” he said, adding that a pipeline will be needed to connect to the German refinery Bayernoil and a port to cover the demand the company cannot meet from domestically produced hydrogen.

Earlier this month, Germany’s Economic Affairs Ministry approved the construction of the country’s first hydrogen pipeline network. It also announced an action plan to support small and medium-sized companies as they switch to climate-neutral production, including expanding hydrogen infrastructure.

More is required to accelerate investments in hydrogen, including a Hydrogen Act to cut bureaucracy and regulate the hydrogen ramp-up quickly, utility industry association BDEW said earlier this month.

“2023 must provide new impetus for investments in renewable energies, hydrogen, hydrogen-capable gas-fired power plants and energy networks,” BDEW president Kerstin Andreae said.

We remind, Evonik has concluded the divestment of its triacetonamine (TAA) derivatives business to Italian chemical company Sabo. Financial details were not disclosed. The deal had been announced in October. Production sites in Marl, Germany and Liaoyang, China as well as 250 employees were included in the transaction.

Germany energy crisis powers hydrogen switch

-Promise of pressolysis in recycling glass fibre composites

Longworth’s Deecom process gently removes a range of organic materials from composite fibres.

Following success in a project for recycling carbon composites with its multi-patented Deecom ‘pressolysis’ process, Blackburn, UK-based B&M Longworth is part of a new consortium which will explore the recycling of glass fibre composites.

The Emphasizing Project has received funding from Innovate UK and in addition to Longworth, will involve partners the Brunel Composites Centre (Brunel University London), EMS Chemie, Ford, Gestamp UK, Gen2Plank and TWI.

It will assess, process and analyse materials from wind turbine blades, as well as automotive and marine parts to create roadmaps for recycling.

The consortium will work to demonstrate the feasibility of fabricating automotive end products from upcycled glass fibre materials, including a technical step change from established processes such as pyrolysis and solvolysis, with Deecom technology.

This pressolysis process enable the high-yield reclamation of high-quality, clean, reusable fibres that are free from residues and have a retained length and properties akin to virgin materials. Corpus-Christi-Polymer – PTA-PET

The recovered, clean fibres will then be upcycled through resizing. It is hoped that through finding several use cases for the resized material, the industry will have access to a brand new, advanced material that would be on-shored and readily available at a low cost.

Glass fibre reinforced plastic (GFRP) makes up the majority of the global £54.5 billion composites market and the construction, infrastructure and transport sectors are large-scale users, accounting for 70% of the one million-plus tons of GFRP produced annually in Europe alone. In addition, the wind energy sector is expected to decommission 40,000-60,000 tons of composite wind blade material over the next two years, further adding to the amount of GFRP waste.

Intact carbon tows

The Emphasizing project builds on the success of the UK project involving B&M Longworth, the National Composites Centre and Cygnet Texkimp in demonstrating the recovery of intact tows from a carbon fibre over-wrapped pressure vessel using pressolysis.

This achievement received the Innovation in Composite Materials award at the 2022 Composite UK Industry Awards.

Cygnet Texkimp was able to reuse the tows in the manufacture of a new pressure vessel and now plans to commercialise the technology worldwide.

Using a combination of compression and decompression cycles or ‘pressure swings’, Longworth’s Deecom process gently removes a range of organic materials from composite fibres, effectively reversing the bond between fibre and matrix. The process takes place in a pressure vessel filled with superheated steam. Corpus-Christi-Polymer – PTA-PET

Depending on the polymer type, temperatures above 200°C will melt or soften the polymer and a degree of hydrolysis will occur. When at pressure, the steam will penetrate fissures in the polymer where it condenses before, upon decompression, it boils, causing an instant physical fracturing of the polymer chain and carrying away monomers and oligomers along with polymer fragments from the outer faces.

Since the process interacts with the resins rather than the fibre, it has been demonstrated to reclaim format, length and structure of post-industrial or end-of-life waste composites, whether cured or uncured. Energy use may be high due to long duration, high temperature pressure cycling, though likely to be still much lower than virgin carbon fibre manufacturing energy. The benefits of being able to recover long tows intact are significant.


Corpus-Christi-Polymer - PTA-PET

-US’ Standard Fiber & Noble Biomaterials develop anti-microbial fabric

US-based Standard Fiber, one of the world’s largest suppliers to the home textile market, and Noble Biomaterials, a global leader in antimicrobial solutions for soft surface applications, have formed an exclusive partnership to bring Ionic+ mineral antimicrobial, which protects against the growth of microbes on soft surface materials, to the home textile market. Corpus-Christi-Polymer – PTA-PET

The active ingredient in Ionic+ is silver, which is permanently bound within polymer fibres and will not wash out. When applied properly, positively charged silver ions are attracted to negatively charged odour-causing bacteria. The ions attracted to the bacteria’s DNA disrupt its respiration, cell division, and replication process, according to a press release by Standard Fiber.

Because Ionic+ technology is self-cleaning of microbes on fabric, fewer washes are needed, thus conserving energy, water, and natural resources. Ionic+ antimicrobial technology is EPA registered, BPR compliant, and OEKO-TEX Standard 100 Certified.

“Standard Fiber is consistently seeking out innovative performance technologies outside of the home textiles market to develop advanced sleep and home goods products for our customers in anticipation of consumer needs,” said Chad Altbaier, Standard Fiber CCO. “Known for being the leader in permanent antimicrobial solutions across the apparel, military, and healthcare industries, we are delighted to partner with Noble Biomaterials and its Ionic+ mineral antimicrobial technology to develop new home textile products that incorporate Standard Fiber’s core Elements of Sleep: wellness, protection, design, comfort, and sustainability.”

“Ionic is the perfect technology to meet Standard Fiber’s home textile objectives,” said Ian Pund, Noble Biomanterials’ executive vice president. “Our goal is to allow our partners to innovate and create new product that change markets. Apparel brands have long taken advantage of Ionic+ and we’re excited to see how Standard Fiber leads home textiles.”

The scope of the Standard Fiber and Ionic+ mineral antimicrobial technology exclusive partnership includes mattress textiles, pads, toppers, and encasements, basic bedding and towels for consumer and institutional markets, as well as DTC furniture brands across North America. Corpus-Christi-Polymer – PTA-PET


Corpus-Christi-Polymer - PTA-PET

-Canadian Packaging: Packaging for Beverages Is Growing More Sustainable

PET or glass bottle, aluminium can, beverage carton or maybe even a paper bottle, single use or multiple use – there is a huge range of choices for packaging beverages. But which is the most sustainable? The focus has increasingly been placed on ecological aspects over the last few years in this sector. And not only for packaging material: these aspects have also become important for filling and actual packaging processes.

Some beverages simply come with classic packaging. We usually buy beer or wine in a glass bottle, milk in a carton and soft drinks in a PET bottle. Over the last few years, however, customers have become ever more critical, and sustainability issues have grown in importance for the beverages sector. Plastics especially now have a bad reputation – which is often undeserved. How well a type of packaging fares when looking at the ecological balance depends on many different factors. Experts therefore are hesitant to give general advice. Corpus-Christi-Polymer – PTA-PET

A short overview: Glass bottles are neutral in taste, but also fragile and heavy. However, they are more suitable for multiple uses than any other type of packaging. PET bottles, too, can be refilled several times and then recycled. They are shatterproof and notably lighter than glass bottles. Plastics, however, have had a bad reputation with customers for some time now, in spite of the very high recycling quota for PET beverage bottles in Germany at more than 94 per cent. Beverages in aluminum cans still enjoy popularity. But the extraction of the raw material and the production of the cans from raw aluminum comes with a huge cost in terms of energy, so everything comes down to the collection quota, because there is no limit to the number of times the cans can be recycled. Beverage cartons are also always single use, but they are for the most part made from renewable raw materials. Improved procedures meanwhile ensure that the cardboard, aluminum and plastics components are separated. The Umweltbundesamt, the German Environmental Agency, therefore classifies them as “single use packages with ecological advantages.”


Canadian Packaging: Packaging for Beverages Is Growing More Sustainable

-Turkey’s Damteks partners with Haelixa to trace recycled acrylic fiber

Swiss traceability company, Haelixa and Damteks Textiles have announced a partnership to mark and trace recycled acrylic fiber. Customers can place orders for recycled yarn from Damteks that already has the distinctive Haelixa DNA attached.

The Haelixa solution consists of DNA markers that have been dissolved in liquid and sprayed in a fine mist onto fibers. After spraying, spot checks are carried out to look for DNA and identify the product. The test is based on PCR technology, which has forensic validity and is 100% reliable. Corpus-Christi-Polymer – PTA-PET

In the previous year, blended yarn’s demand increased, according to Damteks. Most frequently, a blend of 70% standard fiber and 30% recycled fiber is requested. Damteks actively looked for a solution because brands are seeking for ways to be more sustainable. To verify the recycled acrylic in the mixture, they are giving yarn with Haelixa DNA.

To begin the relationship that will last through 2023, their team traveled to Istanbul’s Damteks recycling facility. The DNA is sprayed on the recycled fibers before spinning as part of the traceability scheme created for them.

Haelixa provides producers with a customized device to spray the DNA liquid over the fibers when they don’t already have built-in moisturizing systems. This special sprayer was designed to complem4ent the client’s mechanical processing.

İsmail Cem Atalay, Board Member of Damteks, said that taking pride in its meticulous selection of ecologically friendly solutions for its production processes, Damteks is a family-owned company. For further legitimacy and dependability, Damteks decided to have their products Marked and Traced by Haelixa” in addition to the certifications they already hold, such as GRS, RCS, GOTS, and OCS. As a manufacturer, they feel the obligation to give sustainability solutions to their clients. Their partnership with Haelixa allows them to assure that they are giving the greatest product while taking into account the future of the planet.

Dr. Michela Puddu, CEO and co-founder of Haelixa, said that the textile sector is reacting to the needs of consumers and regulators for more transparency and credibility when it comes to eco-friendly materials. Haelixa solutions enables Damteks to give to companies traceable items that reveal their recycled origins.

Damteks intends to provide brands with marked and traced by Haelixa yarn in a variety of colors. Corpus-Christi-Polymer – PTA-PET


Turkey’s Damteks partners with Haelixa to trace recycled acrylic fiber

-UCR scientists develop method to turn plastic waste into potentially valuable soil additive

Useful char is made from plastic and corn waste

University of California, Riverside, scientists have moved a step closer to finding a use for the hundreds of millions of tons of plastic waste produced every year that often winds up clogging streams and rivers and polluting our oceans.

In a recent study, Kandis Leslie Abdul-Aziz, a UCR assistant professor of chemical and environmental engineering, and her colleagues detailed a method to convert plastic waste into a highly porous form of charcoal or char that has a whopping surface area of about 400 square meters per gram of mass. Corpus-Christi-Polymer – PTA-PET

Such charcoal captures carbon and could potentially be added to soil to improve soil water retention and aeration of farmlands. It could also fertilize the soil as it naturally breaks down. Abdul-Aziz, however, cautioned that more work needs to be done to substantiate the utility of such char in agriculture.

The plastic-to-char process was developed at UC Riverside’s Marlan and Rosemary Bourns College of Engineering. It involved mixing one of two common types of plastic with corn waste — the leftover stalks, leaves, husks, and cobs — collectively known as corn stover. The mix was then cooked with highly compressed hot water, a process known as hydrothermal carbonization.

The highly porous char was produced using polystyrene, the plastic used for Styrofoam packaging, and polyethylene terephthalate, or PET, the material commonly used to make water and soda bottles, among many other products.

The study followed an earlier successful effort to use corn stover alone to make activated charcoal used to filter pollutants from drinking water. In the earlier study, charcoal made from corn stover alone activated with potassium hydroxide was able to absorb 98% of the pollutant vanillin from test water samples.

In the follow-up study, Abdul-Aziz and her colleagues wanted to know if activated charcoal made from a combination of corn stover and plastic also could be an effective water treatment medium. If so, plastic waste could be repurposed to clean up water pollution. But the activated charcoal made from the mix absorbed only about 45% of vanillin in test water samples – making it ineffective for water cleanups, she said.

“We theorize that there could be still some residual plastic on the surface of the materials, which is preventing the absorption of some of these (vanillin) molecules on the surface,” she said. Corpus-Christi-Polymer – PTA-PET

Still, the ability to make highly porous charcoal by combining plastic and plant biomass waste is an important discovery, as detailed in the paper, “Synergistic and Antagonistic Effects of the Co-Pyrolysis of Plastics and Corn Stover to Produce Char and Activated Carbon,” published in the journal ACS Omega. The lead author is Mark Gale, a former UCR doctoral student who is now a lecturer at Harvey Mudd College. UCR undergraduate student Peter Nguyen is a co-author and Abdul-Aziz is the corresponding author.

“It could be a very useful biochar because it is a very high surface area material,” Abdul-Aziz said. “So, if we just stop at the char and not make it in that turn into activated carbon, I think there are a lot of useful ways that we can utilize it.”

Plastic is essentially a solid form of petroleum that accumulates in the environment, where it pollutes, entangles, and chokes and kills fish, birds, and other animals that inadvertently ingest it. Plastics also break down into micro particles that can get into our bodies and damage cells or induce inflammatory and immune reactions.

Unfortunately, it costs more to recycle used plastic than it costs to make new plastic from petroleum.

Abdul-Aziz’s laboratory takes a different approach to recycling. It is devoted to putting pernicious waste products such as plastic and plant biomass waste back into the economy by upcycling them into valuable commodities.

“I feel like we have more of an agnostic approach to plastic recycling when you can throw it in (with biomass) and use the char to better the soil,” she said.  “That’s what we’re thinking.” Corpus-Christi-Polymer – PTA-PET


UCR scientists develop method to turn plastic waste into potentially valuable soil additive

-Amcor System Receives Association of Plastics Recyclers Recognition

The Amcor AmSky™ recyclable blister packaging system has earned APR Critical Guidance Recognition for the flexible PE film recycling stream.

Each year, the APR Design® Recognition Program recognizes companies for their innovations that have collectively improved plastic recycling feedstocks, helping to create a circular economy for plastic packaging. The Amcor AmSky™ recyclable blister packaging system was submitted to APR and has received its Critical Guidance Recognition, the first pharmaceutical/nutraceutical blister packaging system known to have received the honor.

Amcor took the unique approach of designing both the lidding and thermoformed blister card of the AmSky™ recyclable blister packaging system using the same polymer, high density polyethylene (HDPE), one of the most widely recycled plastics today.

The Amcor AmSky™ recyclable blister packaging system offers pharmaceutical and nutraceutical companies a packaging solution that is compatible with the PE film recycling stream to replace traditional PVC/aluminum foil blister packages.

In fact, Amcor’s ASSET™ Life Cycle Assessment Tool estimates that AmSky™ reduces greenhouse gas emissions over typical PVC/aluminum foil-based blister packages by more than 50%. Corpus-Christi-Polymer – PTA-PET

AmSky™ is a drop-in replacement for most standard blister packaging. The blister packaging system meets regulatory and moisture barrier performance requirements, and provides the same push-through opening feature that consumers, patients, and caregivers already know how to use. AmSky™ also processes well on existing blister packaging machines with minimal adjustments to operating parameters.


Amcor System Receives Association of Plastics Recyclers Recognition

-New range of aseptic tethered caps for the European beverage industry

The European Union’s Single-Use Plastics Directive will come into effect in July 2024. Specifically, it seeks to reduce the environmental impact caused by single-use plastic products. Affaba & Ferrari, a TriMas Packaging brand, offers a range of tethered caps designed to remain permanently attached to the bottle after opening and during use – preventing unintended environmental waste caused by discarded caps.

Beverage closures are among the single-use plastic items most frequently found as waste on beaches within the European Union (EU). The aim of the EU’s new Single-Use Plastics Directive is to reduce unintended environmental waste and facilitate the recycling of caps and closures along with their containers: Plastic caps and lids will be required to remain attached to beverage containers of up to 3 liters in volume. With this in mind, TriMas Packaging is now offering tethered cap solutions throughout Europe – caps that remain permanently attached to a container after opening and during use.

One design with many benefits

Affaba & Ferrari’s range of tethered caps meets the EU’s requirements by offering several benefits to manufacturers, distributors and even consumers. The innovative tethered cap design ensures that the cap remains securely attached to the container when opened and in use. It is so robust that the bottle can be opened and closed over 15 times without compromising the integrity of the cap. Both manufacturers and distributors benefit from the cap’s versatility and flexible application possibilities: Due to the cap’s compatibility with both PET and HDPE bottles, costly neck changes are not required in the production process. The tethered caps are also suitable for aseptic filling, so manufacturers and distributors can ensure hygienic production. Additionally, a tamper-evident ring, for added protection, helps manufacturers guarantee product safety for consumers, who also benefit from the cap locking into a wide-angled position when opened – for convenient pouring and drinking.

To ensure that all customer requirements are met, TriMas Packaging offers two tethered cap solutions with different hinge options. The first product variant, a horizontal hinge tethered cap, features a diameter of 38 mm with an opening angle of 140°. The cap is also available in a lightweight design on request. The second product variant is a lightweight tethered cap with an injected hinge, available in diameters of 33 mm and 38 mm – and in two opening angles of either 180° (with hook) and 150° (without hook). Both caps are available in a variety of attractive color options, allowing customers to increase their brand identity and shelf presence.


New range of aseptic tethered caps for the European beverage industry

Corpus-Christi-Polymer – PTA-PET

Petrochemicals – Nylon6 – rPET 09-01-2023

Petrochemicals – Nylon6-chips – rPET 09-01-2023

Petrochemicals – Nylon6-chips – rPET

Petrochemicals - Nylon6-chips - rPET

ITEM 03/01/2023 09/01/2023 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 7,100 yuan/ton 6,950 yuan/ton -150
Bottle grade PET chips export market 920 $/ton 915 $/ton -5
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 6,500 yuan/ton 6,420 yuan/ton -80
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 6,570 yuan/ton 6,500 yuan/ton -70
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market 5,520 yuan/ton 5,300 yuan/ton -220
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 760 $/ton 740 $/ton -20
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 4,045 yuan/ton 3,985 yuan/ton -60
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 490 $/ton 490 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market 951 $/ton 959 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 931 $/ton 936 $/ton +5
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,146 $/ton 1,154 $/ton +8
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 7,385 yuan/ton 7,450 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,150 yuan/ton 7,150 yuan/ton
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 8,600 yuan/ton 8,700 yuan/ton +100
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F

Petrochemicals – Nylon6-chips – rPET

8,650 yuan/ton 8,700 yuan/ton +50
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 8,130 yuan/ton 8,200 yuan/ton +70
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,150 yuan/ton 7,030 yuan/ton -120
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 11,230 yuan/ton 11,700 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,550 $/ton 1,570 $/ton +20
Nylon6 chips overseas  market 1,870 $/ton 1,870 $/ton
Nylon6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 12,250 yuan/ton 12,550 yuan/ton +300
Nylon6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market 12,450 yuan/ton 12,700 yuan/ton +250
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market 20,300 yuan/ton 20,500 yuan/ton +200
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 14,750 yuan/ton 15,000 yuan/ton +250
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 17,000 yuan/ton 17,250 yuan/ton- +250
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  15,300 yuan/ton 15,600 yuan/ton +300
Spandex 20D  domestic  market 38,500 yuan/ton 38,500 yuan/ton
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 36,000 yuan/ton 36,000 yuan/ton
Spandex 40D  domestic  market 33,000 yuan/ton 33,000 yuan/ton
Adipic Acid domestic market 10,100 yuan/ton 10,200 yuan/ton +100
Benzene domestic market

Petrochemicals – Nylon6-chips – rPET

6,800 yuan/ton 6,725yuan/ton -75
Benzene overseas  market 869 $/ton 841 $/ton -28
Ethylene South East market 910 $/ton 880 $/ton -30
Ethylene NWE market 816 $/ton 812 $/ton -4
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market 9,600 yuan/ton 9,600 yuan/ton
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market 1,500 $/ton 1,500 $/tn
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 16,600 yuan/ton 16,600 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 12,800 yuan/ton 12,800 yuan/ton
PP Powder domestic market
7,630 yuan/ton 7,580 yuan/ton -50
Naphtha overseas market  649 $/ton 638 $/ton
Phenol domestic market 7,620 yuan/ton 7,480 yuan/ton -140

Petrochemicals – Nylon6-chips – rPET

Petrochemicals – Nylon6 – rPET 09-01-2023

Petrochemicals – Nylon6 – rPET

-Petrochemicals – Nylon6-chips – rPET


Petrochemicals - Nylon6 - rPET

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend

-bneGREEN NEO: Petrochemical companies should step up the fight against plastic waste

Plastic waste has become a key issue in the fight against climate change. As experts and activists debate the merits of recycling versus reducing plastics overall, petrochemical companies should speed up their plans to turn plastic into a circular material.

At the COP27 conference on climate change last month, leading UN representatives sounded the alarm on the devastating global impact of plastic pollution. Less than 10% of plastic waste is currently recycled, according to various estimates. The bulk of the remainder ends up in landfills, incinerated in a high-emissions process or leaks into the environment, with up to 14mn tonnes of plastic waste entering aquatic ecosystems each year. Petrochemicals – Nylon6 – rPET

Environmental activists argue that recycling doesn’t go far enough to deal with current levels of plastic waste and have called for an overall reduction, or even a ban, on new plastic production.

But this is easier said than done. Plastics play a key – and often indispensable – role across most modern industries, from food packaging to construction to medical equipment, and alternatives to plastic may not necessarily be better for the environment. In a 2022 study, McKinsey found that plastics contributed fewer greenhouse gas emissions than non-plastic alternatives in 13 out of 14 cases of at-scale use.

The solution, industry players argue, is to produce a higher share of new plastic from plastic waste.

To that end, the world’s largest petrochemical companies such as Dow Chemical, SABIC, Shell and Total Energies are investing in technology to reuse plastic waste in their production. This process, known as advanced, or chemical, recycling, melts down existing plastic back into its chemical components from where it can be used to produce new polymers. While activists claim that chemical recycling may cause additional pollution and CO2 emissions, more than 40 industry majors have begun adopting this circular approach, which may offer a more realistic path to reducing plastic waste in the short to medium term. Petrochemicals – Nylon6 – rPET

Major oil and chemical companies are also partnering on a global scale to reduce their impact on the environment. Firms including ExxonMobil, Dow and Chevron Phillips Chemical have created the Alliance to End Plastic Waste, whose members committed to investing $1.5bn in waste management infrastructure by 2024. This initiative, however, was recently criticised by Bloomberg News for insufficient efforts and elements of “greenwashing”. It’s now up to petrochemical companies to respond to this criticism by speeding up their recycling efforts and contributing to the reduction of plastic pollution.

Fighting plastic pollution is a truly global challenge that should involve all parties. Despite political tensions, Russian petrochemical producer Sibur took part in COP27 and pressed ahead with its circular economy transformation, which its management team continues to implement after CEO Dmitry Konov stepped down in early 2022 due to EU sanctions. In September, Sibur launched the production of “green” PET granules, which are used to make plastic bottles, with up to 30% recycled plastic content.

With plastics having become one of the most widely used materials in the world today, producers are poised to play a leading role in addressing the plastic waste crisis. Advanced recycling offers one solution, though it must be scaled up and further developed to reach meaningful capacity. But recent company efforts suggest that the plastics industry has taken a decisive step towards adopting a circular economy model, in which used plastics will be funnelled back into production for the benefit of the environment.

Instead of curbing plastic production, we need to get smarter about how plastics are made. Petrochemicals – Nylon6 – rPET

The steel industry is an example of how this could work: 85% of collected steel scrap is recycled and used as a raw material for about a third of global steel production. The plastics industry can similarly harness opportunities to boost the use of recycled materials in its production as a major step towards combating plastic waste.


Petrochemicals - Nylon6 - rPET

-Twine Solutions cuts a third of its workforce

The company, which develops digital thread and yarn dyeing technology, is laying off 30 employees in total

Israeli company Twine Solutions, which develops digital thread and yarn dyeing technology, is laying off 30 employees, accounting for a third of its workforce. Twine Solutions raised $28 million at a $90 million valuation in May 2021.

Twine Solutions has raised over $50 million to date, including from Menora Mivtachim, Meitav Dash, Analyst, Landa Ventures, New Era Capital Partners, Maverick Ventures Israel, COATS Group, HP tech Ventures, and others. Petrochemicals – Nylon6 – rPET

Twine Solutions has developed a digital thread and yarn dyeing technology that dyes white/raw/recycled polyester thread and yarn using a waterless process. With Twine dyeing systems and inks, brands and manufacturers are able to dye their thread in-house, on-demand, ready for immediate use for their sewing, knitting and embroidery needs.

“2022 was challenging for the entire industry. In order to preserve the company’s activity during an economic recession, the company’s management implemented several steps to streamline and cut back, including also very regretfully parting with employees,” the company said in a statement.

“This is a difficult decision, but we believe that with hard and joint work we will overcome this period and continue to provide the textile world with the necessary revolution provided by Twine’s technology.” Petrochemicals – Nylon6 – rPET


Petrochemicals - Nylon6 - rPET

-Simple, Cheap Hybrid Technology Joins Galvanized Steel and Polymers

The technique discovered by researchers at the University of Tokyo does not use harsh chemicals or complicated procedures.

Composite materials are popular in automotive and other applications to reduce the weight of components while enhancing durability. Petrochemicals – Nylon6 – rPET

Bonding polymers with galvanized steel poses some problems, however, as it requires harsh chemicals and specialized equipment, and is ill-suited to mass production processes, according to researchers at the Institute of Industrial Science at the University of Tokyo. They have developed what they call a cheap and simple hybrid joining technology based on injection molding and a hot-water treatment. The technique is described in a paper published in the Journal of Manufacturing Processes. Petrochemicals – Nylon6 – rPET

The bonding method entails pre-treating the galvanized steel with an acid wash and dipping it in hot water. Petrochemicals – Nylon6 – rPET

The acid wash strips the outer passive layer on the zinc coating of the steel, allowing the hot water to form rough nanoscale needle structures on the true surface, explained a press release on the university website. When a polymer is applied to the treated metal in a process called injection-molded direct joining, it fills in the tiny gaps and ridges between and within the needle structures, thereby creating very strong mechanical linkages. “We found that immersion in hot water was a simple and effective method for producing nanoscale structures on the zinc coating for the polymer to adhere to, but that prior acid-washing to remove the passive layer was a necessary step for this to occur,” explained the paper’s lead author, Weiyan Chen.

The group also showed how the tensile-shear strength increased with the complexity of the nanoscale structures on the galvanized steel surface. By optimizing the hot water temperature and treatment time to achieve peak complexity in the nanoscale structuring, the team was able to significantly increase the tensile-shear strength compared with untreated metal. Petrochemicals – Nylon6 – rPET

“We successfully obtained strong joints of [galvanized high-strength steel] and polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) via HWT [hot-water treatment] with minimal damage to the zinc coating,” the researchers write in the paper abstract. “The effects of HWT conditions on the tensile shear strength were evaluated and the optimized strength reached 23 MPa.”

The process can be adapted for a range of hybrid joining applications in which metal and plastic parts need to be permanently bonded, said senior author Yusuke Kajihara. “Furthermore, our method does not use harsh chemicals or complicated procedures and, thus, is suited to the scale-up required for industrial applications,” added Kajihara. This work could lead to optimization of polymer-metal joining, which would be a significant asset to the manufacturing industry. Petrochemicals – Nylon6 – rPET


Simple, Cheap Hybrid Technology Joins Galvanized Steel and Polymers

-Textile dye market expected to reach US $ 11.25 billion by 2026

The increased demand in the apparel industry is expected to propel the textile dye market and it is expected to reach US $ 11.25 billion by 2026, growing at a CAGR of 6.59 per cent. Currently it is worth around US $ 8.72 billion.

A report of Research and Markets claims that Asia-Pacific was the largest region in the textile dyes market in 2021 while North America is expected to be the fastest-growing region in the forecast period.  Simple, Cheap Hybrid Technology Joins Galvanized Steel and Polymers  Petrochemicals – Nylon6 – rPET

The garment industry has a significant raw material base that includes all types of natural and synthetic fibre dyes, which has helped it achieve global prominence.

The report also adds that new technology is a key trend gaining popularity in the textile dyes market. The textile dyes sector is constantly innovating and adopting new advanced dyeing technologies to become a more sustainable industry.

The use of nanotechnology to create more scientific clothing, such as fire-repellent, self-cleaning and water-repellent clothes, has resulted in significant advancement in the textile industry. Major companies operating in the textile dyes sector are focused on new technologies to sustain their position in the market. Petrochemicals – Nylon6 – rPET

In recent times, waterless smart dyeing technology is being adopted by most of the textile dyeing companies.

Archroma, Atul Ltd, Colorant Ltd, Vipul Organics Ltd, Zhejiang Runtu Co., Ltd and Alchemie Technology are among few of the leading companies in this segment.


Textile dye market expected to reach US $ 11.25 billion by 2026

-Neometals extends North American battery recycling deal

ASX-listed Neometals’ joint venture Primobius has expanded a technology and battery recycling JV option agreement with leading steel producer Stelco Holdings to allow it time to buy into its lithium-ion battery special purpose vehicle. The amendment follows a 2021 agreement for the duo to establish a long-term commercial recycling relationship in North America – one of the fastest growing sectors in terms of lithium-ion battery production.

ASX-listed Neometals’ joint venture Primobius has expanded a technology and battery recycling JV option agreement with leading steel producer Stelco Holdings to allow it time to buy into its lithium-ion battery special purpose vehicle.

The amendment follows a 2021 agreement for the duo to establish a long-term commercial recycling relationship in North America – one of the fastest growing sectors in terms of lithium-ion battery production.  Petrochemicals – Nylon6 – rPET

Primobius GmbH is a jointly held company between Neometals and leading German engineering outfit SMS Group with the partners holding equal ownership rights to the offspring joint venture company Primobius.

The special purpose vehicle, or “SPV,” will be used to source significant quantities of end-of-life automobiles as scrap steel feedstocks under the terms of the deal that Primobius GmbH and Stelco originally inked about two years ago. The group plans on recycling lithium-ion batteries in a proposed 50 tonne per day operation at Stelco’s Lake Erie Works hydrometallurgical refinery in Ontario, Canada.

Neometals said at the time of the original agreement that the union would allow each party to play to their respective strengths with Stelco focusing on the SPV’s feedstock and approval work whilst Primobius oversees demonstration trials, engineering studies and its commercial disposal operation in Germany. Petrochemicals – Nylon6 – rPET

Under the revised treaty Primobius picks up the right to obtain between 25 and 50 per cent of the equity in the Stelco special purpose vehicle on or before 31 December 2023.

Neometal’s recent venture appears to be strategically focused on meeting the safe battery recycling and disposal needs of the white-hot electric vehicle market, an industry that global accounting firm Deloitte predicts will increase at a compound annual growth rate of 29 per cent over the next decade.

In a sign of the times, electric vehicle juggernaut Tesla Corporation recently tabled its 2022 sales figures that pointed to 1.3 million car sales globally. The metric is a new record for the company and eclipses the 900,000 plus sold in 2021.

The recycling of lithium-ion batteries is quickly becoming an important factor for manufacturers as demand for electric vehicles continues to grow at unprecedented rates. The statistic means companies with battery recycling facilities such as Neometals could play a massive part in treating end-of-life devices, particularly in regions experiencing significant adoption rates such as North America.


Neometals extends North American battery recycling deal

-Tesla sales in China slump as competition intensifies as cheaper electric vehicles take over car market

Tesla has grown rapidly in China but is facing increasingly stiff competition from companies like BYD, which sells well-regarded cars at lower prices and is the country’s No. 1 electric vehicle brand. BYD sales including hybrid vehicles more than doubled in December from a year earlier, and rose 2% in December from November, according to the Passenger Car Association’s data. Petrochemicals – Nylon6 – rPET

TeslaTesla sales in China, the world’s largest car market and a crucial element of the company’s fortunes, slumped at the end of 2022 as domestic manufacturers like BYD gained ground with lower-priced electric vehicles, according to data published Thursday.

Tesla sold around 56,000 cars in China last month, a decline of 21% from a year earlier and 44% from the previous month. For the full year, Tesla’s Chinese sales rose nearly 50%, according to data published by the China Passenger Car Association.

China accounts for roughly 40% of Tesla’s sales. Concern about the carmaker’s performance there has been a significant factor in the precipitous decline of Tesla’s share price last year. The company’s stock closed down about 3% Thursday.

Tesla has grown rapidly in China but is facing increasingly stiff competition from companies like BYD, which sells well-regarded cars at lower prices and is the country’s No. 1 electric vehicle brand. BYD sales including hybrid vehicles more than doubled in December from a year earlier, and rose 2% in December from November, according to the Passenger Car Association’s data. Petrochemicals – Nylon6 – rPET

China is considered key to Tesla’s global ambitions. In contrast to the United States and Europe, overall auto sales there are still rising because many people do not own cars or own just one vehicle. The Chinese government has heavily promoted electric-vehicle ownership as a solution to urban air pollution, though it has slashed subsidies recently.

“When you are not active in the largest market in the world, you are nowhere,” Axel Schmidt, a senior managing director at Accenture who oversees the consulting firm’s automotive division, said before publication of the sales figures.

Tesla’s factory in Shanghai is considered one of the company’s most efficient plants and supplies cars to Europe and other parts of Asia in addition to China. The figures published Thursday include exports. The Shanghai factory was forced to shut down repeatedly during 2022 because of supply-chain problems and pandemic lockdowns.

China is in the midst of a pandemic crisis after the government abandoned its “zero COVID” policy in the face of public protests, lifting draconian quarantine and lockdown measures and triggering a surge in cases.

The Tesla sales decline has to be viewed “in the context of the massive COVID outbreak” in December, Gary Black, managing partner of the Future Fund, an investment firm that owns Tesla shares, said on Twitter.

Overall, sales of hybrids and cars powered solely by batteries in China were flat in December compared with November, the association said.

There have been other signs that Tesla was suffering from softening demand for its products in China. The company has cut prices for the Model Y and Model 3, the two vehicles it makes in Shanghai. The company’s website says vehicles can be delivered in as little as a week — last year, waits stretched to months.

Analysts say Tesla could be vulnerable to political tensions between the United States and China. Elon Musk, the company’s CEO, has courted the Chinese government, suggesting, for example, that Taiwan become a special administrative zone of China as a way of ceding more control to Beijing. Taiwan refuses to relinquish any control to China or compromise its independence, and Musk’s remark angered leaders in Taipei.

Another concern for Tesla: BYD and other Chinese automakers have begun selling cars in Europe. Their expansion could cost Tesla, Volkswagen and other automakers sales and market share when many European carbuyers are replacing combustion engine vehicles for battery-powered cars.  Petrochemicals – Nylon6 – rPET

“The major worry now overhead for Tesla is that the demand story, especially out of China, is showing heavy cracks in the armor at a time that EV competition is steadily increasing,” Daniel Ives, an analyst at Wedbush Securities, said in a note to clients Wednesday.


Tesla sales in China slump as competition intensifies as cheaper electric vehicles take over car market

Petrochemicals – Nylon6 – rPET

Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing 06-01-2023

Biodegradable-plastic – Sustainable-tire 07-01-2023

Biodegradable-plastic – Sustainable-tire

-Researchers develop new biodegradable plastic with thermoplastic properties similar to polyethylene

Polyethylene has a number of advantageous properties, but biodegradability is not one of them. A team of researchers has now developed a plastic which has similar thermoplastic properties to polyethylene but is also biodegradable. The material in question is a semicrystalline polyester that breaks down fully to its starting materials using mild chemical or biological processes, as the team explain in their study published in the journal Angewandte Chemie International Edition.

High-density polyethylene (HDPE) is a particularly strong and durable material. It owes its thermoplastic properties to the internal structure of its molecular chains, which are arranged in a crystalline manner with added attraction due to van der Waals forces. The molecular chains are also pure hydrocarbons. The combination of crystallinity and hydrocarbon content means microorganisms, which might be able to degrade the plastic, cannot access the chains to break them up. Biodegradable-plastic – Sustainable-tire

The research group of Stefan Mecking and colleagues, at the University of Konstanz, Germany, have now developed a polyester that has similar crystallinity to HDPE and also retains its beneficial mechanical properties. Unlike polyethylene, polyesters also contain functional groups that could theoretically be degraded chemically or enzymatically. However, under normal circumstances, the more crystalline a polyester is (i.e., the more similar to HDPE), the less readily it can be biodegraded.

The team was therefore understandably surprised by how quickly their crystalline polyester degraded when exposed to enzymes. “We tested degradation with naturally occurring enzymes, and it was an order of magnitude faster than with our reference material,” Mecking explains. It wasn’t just enzymatic solutions which degraded the material: soil microorganisms were also able to completely compost the polyester.

But what is it that makes this polyester so exceptionally biodegradable? The team were able to identify the significant contribution of ethylene glycol, one of the building blocks of the polyester. Mecking adds: “This building block is actually really common in polyesters. It gives you a high melting point, but it also increases degradability in these polyethylene-like materials.”  Biodegradable-plastic – Sustainable-tire

Because of its good chemical and biological degradability, together with its mechanical properties, the new polyester could find applications as a recyclable thermoplastic material with minimal environmental impact. The end goal is closed-loop chemical recycling to break the plastic down into its raw materials and produce new plastics, Mecking adds. The added benefit of the team’s plastic is that, if any materials do get into the environment despite this closed loop, they can biodegrade and leave no lasting impact.


Biodegradable-plastic - Sustainable-tire

-Germany’s inflation rate estimated at 8.6% in December 2022: Destatis

The inflation rate for Germany is expected to be at 8.6 per cent in December 2022, compared to the corresponding period of the previous year, according to the provisional data by Federal Statistical Office (Destatis). Due to immediate assistance, the inflation rate in December is estimated to be significantly lower than in the previous months, with 10 per cent in November and 10.4 per cent in October.

Based on the results available so far, consumer prices are expected to decline by 0.8 per cent compared with November 2022. The annual average inflation rate is expected to stand at 7.9 per cent in 2022, as per Destatis. Biodegradable-plastic – Sustainable-tire

Energy and food prices, in particular, increased considerably since the war started in Ukraine and had a substantial impact on the inflation rate. However, the federal one-off payment in December 2022 to cover the monthly instalment for gas and heat had a downward effect on prices.


Germany's inflation rate estimated at 8.6% in December 2022: Destatis

-Braskem Acquires Filament Supplier Taulman3D

The acquisition expands Braskem’s portfolio of 3D polyolefin-based filaments to nylon, recycled PETG and PET.

Braskem has acquired taulman3D, a leading 3D filament supplier of nylon, recycled PETG, and PET filaments to aerospace, automotive, healthcare, industrial, government and higher education professionals. Biodegradable-plastic – Sustainable-tire

The acquisition of the Linton, Ind., company is reportedly a perfect complement to Braskem’s existing portfolio of next-generation 3D printing filaments (PE, PP, carbon fiber, glass fiber & recycled polymers). Braskem offers solutions across technologies such as Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF), Selective Laser Sintering (SLS), and high-speed pellet extrusion. The taulman3D filament and polymer offerings include:

▪  Carbon fiber alloy nylon 3D printer filament

▪  Glass fiber alloy nylon 3D printer filament

▪  Alloy 920 3D printer filamen

▪  Alloy 910 high-heat 3D Printer Filamen

▪  PCTPE 3D printer filament

▪  Tech-G 3D printer filament

▪  T-Glase 3D printer filament

▪  Bridge nylon, nylon 230, nylon 645 & nylon 680 (FDA material)

▪  PA cast plate nylon 3D printer filament

▪  SAC1060 – support material for nylon

▪  Guideline 3D printer filament (Medical Grade)

▪  Enviro 100% recycled PETG 3D printer filament

Said Jason Vagnozzi, Braskem’s global commercial director of additive manufacturing, “Braskem’s acquisition of taulman3D brings a high-quality 3D filament producer with a globally diversified client list and a highly complementary product portfolio. With projections for the 3D printing industry expected to grow from $15 billion today to $78 billion by 2030 – growing at an estimated 20% CAGR – we see enhanced opportunities to serve this rapidly growing demand. Biodegradable-plastic – Sustainable-tire

Today’s acquisition doubles Braskem’s market share in the additive manufacturing market and further accelerates our growth strategy.”


Biodegradable-plastic - Sustainable-tire

-Goodyear develops 70% sustainable-material tire with industry-leading innovations

he company has made significant progress toward its goal of a 100% sustainable-material tire by 2030.

Today, The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company announced the release of a demonstration tire with 70% sustainable-material content, including industry-leading innovations.

“We set an ambitious goal in 2020 to create a tire made 100% from sustainable materials in 10 years, and our scientists and engineers have made great progress toward that goal,” said Chris Helsel, senior vice president, global operations and chief technology officer. “This is an exciting achievement that demonstrates our commitment to increasing the use of sustainable materials in our tires.”  Biodegradable-plastic – Sustainable-tire

The 70% sustainable-material tire includes 13 featured ingredients across nine different tire components, including those described below. Company performance indicators have shown the component properties to deliver strong overall tire performance.

  • Carbon black is included in tires for compound reinforcement and to help increase their life and has traditionally been made by burning various types of petroleum products. Goodyear’s new tire features three different carbon blacks that are produced from methane, carbon dioxide, and plant-based oil. Initial life cycle assessments demonstrate either reduced carbon emissions compared with current methods of carbon black production or the use of bio-based or waste feedstock sources.
  • The use of soybean oil in tires is a significant Goodyear innovation that helps keep a tire’s rubber compound pliable in changing temperatures. Soybean oil is a bio-based resource that reduces Goodyear’s use of petroleum-based products. While nearly 100% of soy protein is used in food/animal feed applications, a significant surplus of oil is left over and available for use in industrial applications.
  • Silica is an ingredient often used in tires to help improve grip and reduce fuel consumption. Goodyear’s new tire contains a unique variety of silica produced from rice husk ash, a byproduct of rice processing that is often discarded and put into landfills. A high-quality silica has been produced from this waste ash.
  • Polyester is recycled from plastic bottles and other plastic waste by reverting the polyester into its base chemicals and reforming them into technical grade polyester feasible for tire cords. Biodegradable-plastic – Sustainable-tire

The 70% sustainable-material tire has been produced as a demonstration tire.


Biodegradable-plastic - Sustainable-tire

-India’s Nayara Energy to start up new PP unit in end-2023

India’s Nayara Energy expects to begin operations at its greenfield 450,000 tonne/year polypropylene (PP) plant between October and December 2023.

The new PP plant has been built at a site adjacent to the company’s existing refinery complex at Vadinar in the western Gujarat state, with a capital outlay of around $750m.

“The PP plant is part of the company’s vision of revamping and revitalising its Vadinar refinery into a world-class integrated refinery petrochemical complex,” Nayara Energy said in a statement on 30 December.  Biodegradable-plastic – Sustainable-tire

The petrochemical complex is being developed in phases. The PP line, a propylene recovery unit, along with upgrades to an existing fludized catalytic cracking (FCC) unit form Phase 1 of Nayara’s petrochemical complex.

“Phase-1 project development has achieved over 85% progress,” it said.

The revamped FCC unit was commissioned on 20 December 2022 and the company expects to begin pre-commissioning activities at the propylene recovery unit in February, it added.

“With completion of the FCC revamp, we have made significant progress on our petrochemical entry,” Nayara Energy CEO Alois Virag said.

In the second phase, the company expects to set up an integrated petrochemical complex, he added.  Biodegradable-plastic – Sustainable-tire

Nayara Energy’s refinery in Vadinar, Gujarat is the second largest in India. It has an annual capacity of 20m tonnes which constitutes about 8% of India’s overall refinery capacity.


India’s Nayara Energy to start up new PP unit in end-2023

-Packaging and waste recycling, Italy’s primacy in the EU

The recycling rate of packaging and waste in Italy has been growing steadily for 25 years and is confirmed to be at the top of the European ranking. The data comes from the Report ‘Recycling in Italy 2022’, presented on 16.12.22 by the Foundation for Sustainable Development at the National Conference of the Recycling Industry. (1)

Edo Ronchi – president of the Foundation for Sustainable Development as well as ‘father’ of the waste management reform, as the Minister of the Environment who launched it – indicates some useful measures to improve the demand for recycled products (MPS, secondary raw materials) .  Biodegradable-plastic – Sustainable-tire

1) Waste recycling, the Italian revolution

In 25 years, thanks to the reform launched with the legislative decree 22/1997, Italy has gone from the waste emergency to excellence in recycling:

  • in 1997 only 9,4% of urban waste and 21% of industrial waste were subject to separate collection and recycling. While 80% and 33%, respectively, ended up in landfill,
  • in 2020 separate collection and recycling have reached 63% of municipal waste and 70% of industrial waste, while landfill disposal has dropped to 20% and 6%.

The Italian recycling industry is today a strategic sector of the national production system with 4.800 companies, 236.365 employees, a production of over 25 million tons of recycled materials (+13,3%, between 2014 and 2020) and an added value of 10,5 billion ( +31% in the period 2010-2020).

2) Recycling, the Italian record in the EU

The Italian primacy in the EU in the recycling of waste and packaging waste is remarkable:

  • 72% the average recycling rate of all urban and special-industrial waste in Italy, compared to an average of 53% in the EU and 55% in Germany, its leading industrial power,
  • 21,6% the rate of use of recycled materials out of the total consumed materials, compared to 12,8% in the EU and 13,4% in Germany (2020 data),
  • 73,3% the recycling rate of packaging waste (10,5 million tonnes in 2021), already higher not only than the European target for 2025 (65%) but also the one set for 2030 (70%), 9 years in advance.  Biodegradable-plastic – Sustainable-tire

3) The needs of the sector

‘The recycling sector, a fundamental pillar of a circular economy. it is strategic in order not to waste precious resources, not to fill the country with landfills, to recover materials useful for the economy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In a moment of negative economic situation, therefore, the following are needed:

  • incisive measures to strengthen the demand for MPS, the secondary raw materials produced with recycling, e
  • structural interventions to address the sharp increase in energy costs which for the recycling industry constitute the largest share of production costs’ (Edo Ronchi, president of the Foundation for Sustainable Development).

3.1) Strengthen the demand for recycled materials

Measures proposals to strengthen the demand for recycled materials (MPS, secondary raw materials) are:

  • introduce a reduced VAT rate on recycled material, to be compensated with an increase in the levy on waste disposed of in landfills or incinerators,
  • provide for the obligation to acquire set minimum quantities of recycled material in green public procurement (Green Public Procurement, GPP) and related Minimum Environmental Criteria (CAM),
  • increase the use of recycled material in the production sectors through specific sector agreements.  Biodegradable-plastic – Sustainable-tire

3.2) Structural interventions to mitigate energy costs

Structural interventions to reduce the sector’s exposure to energy costs they should, according to the Foundation for Sustainable Development:

promote research and innovation aimed at improving the efficiency and saving of electricity and heat,

simplify the procedures for the ‘thermal valorisation’ of the residues of the recycling processes. A delicate issue, given the risks of environmental pollution and public health.

4) Italy, updated data on the 19 recycling chains

The report ‘Recycling in Italy 2022’ means the performance for each of the 19 recycling chains, where Italy stands out in most cases with record numbers at European and global level.  Biodegradable-plastic – Sustainable-tire

Paper and glass, high recycling

The recycling rate of paper packaging in 2021 reached 85% and for glass 77% and have exceeded the European target for 2030.

in 2021 63% of paper and cardboard and 61,6% of glass produced in Italy are derived from recycling.

Plastic packaging, progress and challenges

Al 2021 the recycling rate of plastic packaging waste reached 56%, +14% compared to 2016, exceeding the EU target for 2030 (55%).

The new European method measurement of the targets will also reduce the indicated value. It will therefore be necessary to increase separate collection and/or the development of new recycling technologies.  Biodegradable-plastic – Sustainable-tire

Aluminum and steel, good levels of recycling

The quote recycling of packaging released for consumption in 2021 reached 68% for aluminum and 72% for steel. Italy is the European leader in the recycling of scrap iron.

Wood recycling, Italian excellence in chipboard panels

In 2021 the percentage of recycling of wood packaging released for consumption has reached 65%, almost double the EU average (32,4%).

97% of the wood material recycled in Italy is transformed into chipboard panels, a sector where Italy is a world leader. Biodegradable-plastic – Sustainable-tire

Bioplastics, the Italian case

1,6 million tons of bioplastics compostable were produced in Italy in 2021, +25% compared to 2020. Also due to the national derogation – of dubious legitimacy, as seen – the prohibitions and limits imposed by the UAS directive (Single-Use Plastics).

According to estimates sector, following the recognition of the Biorepack Consortium, the organic recycling of these materials will be able to reach 51,6 thousand tons in 2024. An ‘Italian case’, where politics has encouraged an innovative industrial sector without sparing, literally, the expense .  Biodegradable-plastic – Sustainable-tire

Organic fraction, recycling is growing

7,2 million tons (Mt) of organic waste were sent for recycling in 2020, obtaining approximately 2,2 Mt of compost and approximately 130 million m3 of biomethane.

One need remains the improvement of plants to produce quality compost and biomethane is a priority.

Worn tyres, numbers still low

in 2020, over 442 thousand tons of ELTs (end of life tires) were managed in Italy. In 2021, 52% of ELTs were destined for energy recovery, 48% for material recovery.

To deal with possible limitations of the use of ELT rubber infills in synthetic fields, the ministerial decree is awaited for the use of powder for modified asphalts.

WEEE, growing collection but far from EU target

385.000 t of WEEE (waste from electrical and electronic equipment) were sent for treatment in 2021. +5,3% compared to 2020 but still little compared to the EU target of 65% for 2019, all the more considering the growth rates of sector sales ( +16,6% in 2021).  Biodegradable-plastic – Sustainable-tire

Batteries and Accumulators, collection down

in 2021 10.200 t of exhausted portable batteries and accumulators were collected, a decrease compared to 2020 (-7,4%) and equal to 32% of the input in the last three years, still far from the European target of 45% set since 2016.

Waste mineral oils, the collection is growing

77.000 tons of vegetable and animal oils and fats have been sent for recycling, +5% compared to 2020. 98% of the harvest has been regenerated.

Discontinued vehicles, not online yet

1,2 Mt of vehicles were treated in 2020, down (-5,8%) compared to the previous year. The supply chain records a recycling and reuse rate of 84,7% of the average weight of the vehicle, in line with the target established in the EU in 2015 (85%) but not yet the current one of 95%, due to the lack of plants .  Biodegradable-plastic – Sustainable-tire

Textile waste, expected growth

Separate collection mandatory for textile products was introduced in Italy at the beginning of 2022, three years ahead of the deadline established in the EU.

The quantities of textile waste collected and sent for recycling (143.300 tons in 2020, decreased by 9% compared to 2019) should therefore grow considerably in the coming years.

Inert waste, a critical phase

inert waste from construction and demolition started in Italy in 2020 to the recovery of materials were 39,1 Mt, equal to 77,9% of those produced, well beyond the European target (70%).

The DM End of waste, in force since 4.11.22, could decrease these performances in prescribing quality requirements of the aggregates that require new investments.

Waste from street sweeping, collection grows

Between 2016 and 2020 street sweeping waste collection doubled, from 215 to 422 kt. However, a still significant portion of these materials is still sent to landfills, without any type of pre-treatment.  Biodegradable-plastic – Sustainable-tire

Sewage sludge, boost recovery

in 2020 the management of sludge from urban waste water treatment involved over 3,4 Mt. 53,5% was sent to disposal operations, 44,1% to recovery operations. The Italian disaster goes on.

Mineral oils, high recovery rate

The oil supply chain lubricants in Italy holds a record of European excellence. The recovery rate of used oil exceeds 46% (41% EU average) and the regeneration of collected oil has for some years been established at 98% (61% in EU).

Solvents, mostly recycled

in 2021 77% of wastewater with solvents was recycled, 21% disposed of and 2% sent for energy recovery.

5) (Op)positions to the Proposal for a Regulation on Packaging and Packaging Waste (PPWR)

The Italian industries of recycling and bioplastics claim to maintain a leading role in the circular economy, regardless of its own paradigm, the hierarchy of waste or Lansink scale.

The (op)positions expressed at the proposed regulation on waste and packaging waste (PPWR, Packaging and Packaging Waste Regulation) thus tend to favor recycling compared to:

material reduction. The first objective of the circular economy has already been betrayed in Italy, where the continuation of the use of disposable plastic objects is allowed when made of bioplastic. Biodegradable-plastic – Sustainable-tire

And the industries of the sector, ça va sans dire, claim to continue in this direction which is already contrary to EU rules, as well as logic,

reuse of materials. The recycling sector also asserts primacy over reuse and consequently also opposes the deposit system (Deposit Return System, DRS). (2) Without any consideration, it goes without saying, of the very different environmental impact of reuse compared to producing new materials and disposing of others, perhaps in incinerators.


Packaging and waste recycling, Italy's primacy in the EU

Biodegradable-plastic – Sustainable-tire

Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing 06-01-2023

Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing 06-01-2023

Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend

-Tomra to invest €50-60m on construction of plastic sorting plant in Germany

The plant will be operational between 2024 and 2025 and have a yearly capacity of 80 000t.

Recycling company Tomra’s board of directors has approved an investment of €50-60m for  the construction of sorting plant for post-consumer plastic material in Germany.

The mid-scale plant will be developed in an existing facility which Tomra will rent on a long-term basis.

Slated to be operational between 2024 and 2025, the new plant will have sorting capacity of 80,000t a year.

Tomra will use the investment primarily on machinery and equipment.

The new plant will upgrade pre-sorted mixed post-consumer plastic material using splitting and grading process. Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing

The resulting materials, comprising more than 10 different polymer fractions, will be purchased by recyclers for use in producing flakes and pellets for applications, such as packaging material.

Tomra Recycling EVP Dr. Volker Rehrmann said: “Millions of tonnes of plastic are lost to incineration and landfill every year. In addition, there is an increasing demand for recycled plastics both from chemical and mechanical recyclers.

“Our goal is to use our expertise in sorting to contribute to closing the circularity gap for plastics and transforming mixed plastic waste into valuable feedstock for recyclers.”

Prior to this announcement, Tomra has been working at a demo facility in Lahnstein, Germany, to develop a concept of ‘high-quality’ sorting of separate source and mixed waste plastic.

Tomra president and CEO Tove Andersen said: “The investment we are now making in plastic feedstock sorting is aimed at closing the loop on plastics and reducing dependency on primary resources.”

As the company had NOK660m ($66.8m) in cash as of the end of Q3 2022, its board considers that firm is well capitalised to undertake the investment

In August last year, Tomra partnered with Italian flexible packaging firm Gualapack to pilot a monomaterial polypropylene (PP) spouted pouch. Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing


Tomra to invest €50-60m on construction of plastic sorting plant in Germany

-Nexus Circular secures $150M in push for plastic recycling solution

The company says the funding will speed the growth of its advanced recycling process.

Plastics recycler Nexus Circular, Atlanta, has agreed to terms on an equity raise of $150 million. Atlanta-based investor Cox Enterprises led the round of funding and will become the majority owner.

Nexus Circular says the funding will support its efforts to deliver on recycled-plastic commitments by accelerating the expansion of its advanced recycling process, which includes the processing of hard-to-recycle plastic films. The company claims it has consistently produced and commercially sold high-quality, ISCC Plus certified circular products made from landfill-bound plastics, diverting over 7 million pounds to date.

The company says the financing will enable it to build additional capacity to serve its expanding customer base and meet an outsized demand for recycled plastic products. It plans to build facilities that have the capacity to process more than 250 million pounds of used plastic annually. Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing

“Cox has been incredibly supportive and continues to be enthusiastic about Nexus,” Nexus Circular CEO Jodie Morgan says. “We are leading the advanced recycling industry, making a positive impact addressing the challenges of used plastics in our environment. Demand for Nexus’ products is driven by the end consumers’ preference for products that incorporate recycled plastic, and we are motivated by the contribution Nexus is making. With this funding, our team and partners can more rapidly execute the next phase of growth, accelerating the circular economy for plastics.”

Cox Enterprises Vice President of Cleantech Steve Bradley says, “We’re building platforms with the power to impact both business and the environment. Nexus Circular is an exciting part of our broader cleantech strategy to acquire and scale businesses that have a positive impact on the planet. We continue to look for opportunities to partner with companies like Nexus, which is helping to build a better future for the next generation. That’s what we’re all about at Cox.”


Plastic-recycling - Waste-clothing

-Single-step pulping of waste clothing

At its new site in Sundsvall, Sweden, Renewcell has successfully produced its first fibre material employing technology including the ADuro textile fibre preparation system from Andritz.

Renewcell applies the process to produce a pure dissolving pulp from 100% textile waste which can subsequently be transformed into new garments for the circular clothing industry.

Andritz installed a complete textile fibre preparation system based on shredding and separation technology at the Sundsvall plant. The line’s shredders form the centerpiece of the system and transform used textiles in a single step, to enable a throughput of up to 60,000 tons of textile waste per year. In the subsequent separation stages, impurities such as buttons and zippers are removed from the shredded textiles.

Since 2016, the two companies have been working together on the development of Renewcell’s textile recycling process at its test plant in Kristinehamn, Sweden, and now also on its first commercial plant in Sundsvall. Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing

Renewcell was founded in Stockholm, Sweden, in 2012 and specialises in recycling textiles with the vision of making textiles and nonwovens circular. Its recycling technology transforms used cotton and other cellulose fibres into a new raw material called Circulose pulp. The pulp will be primarily used to produce high-quality biodegradable viscose or lyocell textile fibres for the fashion industry.


Plastic-recycling - Waste-clothing

-Polymer Quiets EVs by Way of Structural Chassis, Suspension Applications

New PA 66 from Celanese offers carmakers “damping with structure” to improve NVH performance, remove weight, and reduce costs.

Most automotive OEMs still use metal for structural chassis and suspension applications. Replacing that metal with Zytel NVH Gen 2, a newly formulated polyamide (PA) 66 from Celanese, is said to offer a host of compelling improvements.

In addition to reducing weight, a switch to the Celanese material reportedly gives drivers and passengers a superior driving experience by controlling noise and vibration more effectively than metal. Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing

Electric vehicles (EVs) pose unique challenges when it comes to isolating structure-borne noise and vibration originating from electric drive units. Without the relatively loud internal combustion engine masking them, these noises become much more noticeable in the vehicle cabin. It’s a complex issue that affects both vehicle safety and passenger comfort. Meanwhile, engineers find it difficult to point to a single part or component that is the root cause of the noise.

Damping material maintains structural properties of base polymer

To meet these challenges, the automotive electrification team at Celanese Engineered Materials developed Zytel NVH70G35HSLA2, the first entry in the Zytel NVH Gen 2 product family. This PA 66-based, 35% glass-filled polymer offers high damping, yet keeps its base polymer’s robust structural properties for parts that need sustained mechanical strength throughout their lifecycles.

“This new Zytel formulation takes a different approach to high-frequency vibration isolation by utilizing the material’s structural damping ability without sacrificing extended fatigue resistance over time,” explained Gabe Knee, Automotive Market Manager, Celanese. “We’ve created a cost-efficient, mass-saving, and tunable solution for electric drive units that mitigates NVH [noise-vibration-harshness] problems in electric vehicles, making them even quieter and more comfortable.” The material can endure high-stress conditions and provide stable characteristics under varying ambient and loading conditions. Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing

In a recent commercial application in North America involving EV motor mounts for the Cadillac Lyriq, Zytel NVH Gen 2 maintained structural integrity while offering more than 20% direct mass savings and considerable material cost savings compared with aluminum. With these mounts, designers were able to tune, mitigate, or eliminate irritating harmonics that would otherwise be transmitted and detected by drivers and passengers in the cabin.

“With our design and prototyping capabilities,” added Knee, “we help customers identify problematic component designs that are contributing to NVH issues, then help create the solution for managing them.”

SPE-awarded technology

The NVH suspension component that is used in the Cadillac Lyriq received finalist awards in both the 2022 Automotive News PACE competition and 2022 SPE Automotive Innovation Awards. It was molded from the new Zytel NVH Gen 2 material. The vehicle has been described by automotive reviewers as “crypt quiet.”

These materials provide superior NVH performance in the temperature range of automotive applications, produce less noise vs. metal, reduce weight by 30 to 50% compared to metal parts, and reduce costs via parts integration and by eliminating aluminum and insulation needs, according to Celanese.

The company formulated a new glass-filled PA composite to provide enhanced damping/NVH without loss of mechanical properties for the Cadillac Lyriq’s drive-unit mounting brackets. The material enabled structural support brackets to be tuned, along with elastomeric bushings, to provide broad vibrational filtering with 34% reduced mass and 19.5% lower cost. Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing

Friction, wear, and noise characteristics are system dependent. Celanese has extensive experience developing tribological formulations for customers based on its POM, PBT, PA, PPS, LCP, and PP-LFRT solutions. In response to increased demand for materials with renewable content and lower environmental impact, Celanese has launched sustainable grades for existing products within its Engineered Materials portfolio — biomass balance content (ECO-B) and recycled content (ECO-R) materials.


Plastic-recycling - Waste-clothing

-European panel approves PET recycling technologies

A scientific review panel has given the green light to several different technologies to recycle post-consumer PET and polyolefins into 100% recycled-content food and drink packaging.

Over the past six months, a panel at the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has reviewed PET recycling technologies from EREMA, Kreyenborg and Starlinger. The committee, which is called the Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes and Processing Aids (CEP), also reviewed multiple closed-loop HDPE and PP recycling projects, and it rejected a proposal to recycle production scrap.

In the European Union, recycled plastics can only be used in food and beverage packaging if they’re first reviewed by the EFSA for safety. Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing

Twice a year, Plastics Recycling Update covers the panel’s opinions. The most recent roundup was published in June 2022. The following are CEP determinations that have been published since then.

(Note: In all the PET recycling processes below, the inputs are washed and dried PET flakes derived from post-consumer food and drink containers. The CEP approvals allow the RPET to be used in 100% recycled-content food and drink packaging.)

Multiple EREMA processes

The CEP gave a thumbs-up to a number of reclaimers seeking to use EREMA recycling technologies to recycle PET.

On May 18, the panel approved two applications to use the EREMA Basic process. One application came from Austria-based EREMA itself, and the other came from Société Générale de Recyclage (SGR) of France.

That process involves continuously feeding PET flakes into a reactor equipped with a rotating device, running in a vacuum under high temperature. The flakes spend a set amount of time in the reactor before they’re continuously conveyed into an extruder. In the extruder, they melt, and the product is then filtered and pelletized.

On May 18, the CEP approved another application from EREMA for the company’s MPR + DS technology. Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing

Much like EREMA Basic, this process involves feeding flakes into a reactor equipped with a rotating device, running in a vacuum under high temperature. The flakes remain for a set time in the reactor, where they’re crystallized. Then, they’re introduced into a twin-screw extruder, where they’re melted and then extruded into pellets or sheets.

Finally, on May 18, the panel approved EREMA’s application for the MPR technology. The application covers the first part of the MPR + DS technology detailed above, where flakes are processed in a reactor equipped with a rotating device.

The panel also greenlit an application to use EREMA’s Vacurema Prime process. The approval was given to Bangladesh Petrochemical Company on May 17.

Through the Vacurema Prime process, flakes are introduced into twin batch reactors, where they’re heated for a set time. In the reactors, possible contaminants are vaporized and the PET flakes are crystallized. The twin reactors then essentially take turns moving the flakes into a continuous reactor in an ongoing back-and-forth process.

In the continuous reactor, the flakes are further heated and decontaminated. Then the flakes are moved into an extruder, where they’re melted and the melt is filtered before the plastic is pelletized. Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing

Kreyenborg’s infrared approach

The CEP approved four different applications to use Kreyenborg IR Clean+ technology to recycle post-consumer PET.

This technology involves heating and decontaminating PET flakes by means of an infrared rotary dryer under airflow, up to a defined temperature. Then, the flakes are further decontaminated in a finisher under airflow and high temperature.

On July 8, CEP approved applications for Paccor Polska of Poland, Amhil Europa of Poland, AR Packaging Flexibles of Sweden and Petainer Lidköping of Sweden.

The two Polish companies and AR Packaging Flexibles intend to use the PCR in thermoformed trays and cups to hold beer, juices, fruits, vegetables, desserts, and cooked and uncooked meats and dairy products, with or without hotfill. The packaging is not intended to package drinking water.

For its part, Petainer Lidköping is proposing to use the PCR in containers for drinking water, carbonated beverages, coffee, kombucha, beer, wine and fruit juices, with or without hotfill. Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing

Numerous Starlinger technologies

The panel also approved a number of different PET recycling technologies from Starlinger.

First, CEP gave the OK to three applications to use the Starlinger deCON process. Through the deCON process, flakes are preheated in a batch reactor before they’re fed into the solid state polycondensation (SSP) reactor, which runs continuously under vacuum. The CEP’s decision notes that the process is run with specific temperature, pressure, gas flow rate and residence time parameters.

For this process, the CEP approved an application from U.K. company Kalex Films on May 19, an application from Greiner Packaging of Ireland on May 19, and an application from Irish company Polyfab Plastics on Sept. 15.

Greiner Packaging issued a press release noting that the EFSA has approved the decontamination process used by Greiner Packaging U.K. and Ireland at its recycling plant in Dungannon, Northern Ireland.

“This is a significant and hugely important step in our journey to use increasing amounts of recycled material in our food-grade packaging,” Julie Eller, the company’s U.K. sales director, said in the release. Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing

The release noted the company has invested over 3.7 million British pounds (about $4.5 million) into its new PET decontamination and extrusion line. The line will help the packaging producer achieve its goal of at least 30% recycled content in all products, according to the release.

The new integrated line is also able to recycle PET trays, not just PET bottles. The equipment allows Greiner Packaging to produce its K3 brand of containers with 100% RPET. The K3 line has a PET container with a paper-based label wrapped around it; the sleeve is designed to separate from the PET before the container reaches optical sorters, according to the release.

In September, Greiner Packaging acquired Serbian PET flake producer ALWAG, which will be renamed Greiner Recycling.

The CEP also approved five applications from reclaimers planning to use the Starlinger iV+ technology.

In this process, the flakes are continuously dried and crystallized in a reactor under air flow and high temperature. Afterward, the flakes are fed into an extruder under high temperature and vacuum for a time, and then the plastic is pelletized. The pellets are then crystallized at high temperature in a continuous reactor under atmospheric pressure. Finally, the crystallized pellets are preheated in a reactor before they’re moved into a semi-continuous SSP reactor running under vacuum at high temperature for a set amount of time. Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing

On May 19, the CEP approved applications to use this technology from Greenpet of Mexico, Circularpet IV80 of Spain, Ganesha Ecosphere of India and Extremadura TorrePet of Spain. On July 8, it approved a similar application from Brunetti Packaging of Italy.

Finally, the panel on July 8 approved an application to use Starlinger’s PET direct iV+ technology. The application came from U.S. company Verdeco Recycling Group.

In this process, the flakes are first pelletized, and then the extruded pellets are crystallized in a continuous reactor with inert gas flow for a specific amount of time. Then, the pellets are further heated and introduced semi-continuously into the SSP reactor running under vacuum, where they remain for a predefined residence time.

Closed-loop polyolefin recycling proposals

The CEP approved applications to recycle HDPE and PP crates and box pallets back into the same products, with tight feedstock source control in each case.

The panel on May 19 greenlit an application to use a recycling process called “Cajas y Palets en una Economia Circular” (CAPEC), which translates to boxes and pallets in a circular economy. The application, which came from a Spanish company of the same name, involves recycling pre-cleaned crates of food-grade HDPE and PP into new crates at up to 100% recycled content. The new crates would also be used to store fruits and vegetables at room temperature or below. Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing

The recycling process is simple: The sorted and cleaned crates are shredded into flakes, which are washed with potable water at room temperature and then dried by a centrifuge, ground and packed in bags. Or, if the desired output is pellets, the crates are shredded, washed with potable water at room temperature, dried by a centrifuge, ground, extruded, filtered and packed in bags.

The resulting flakes or pellets may or may not be blended with virgin HDPE or PP before dye is added and the plastic is injection molded into new crates.

Later, on July 8, the panel approved an application for a recycling process from Spanish company LOGIFRUIT. The company is looking to recycle post-consumer HDPE and PP crates that hold fruits, vegetables, packed meats, fish, dairy products and bakery products.

Again, the recycling process is simple: Damaged crates are pre-cleaned, sorted and ground. The flakes are further washed with water, dried and packed. Later, they may or may not be blended with virgin HDPE and PP before they’re injection-molded into new crates. Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing

The number of reprocessing cycles is low, the application notes, because crates have a lifetime of 120 uses or more, and only about 4% of them break each year.

Finally, on May 18, the CEP approved an application to recycle HDPE box pallets used by slaughterhouses to store and transport packed and unpacked meats into new box pallets for the same use. The application was submitted by Dutch company Kunststof Recycling Nederland.

Again, the recycling process is simple and involves shredding the box pallets and then removing metals. The shredded pieces are then ground, de-dusted, packed in big bags and labeled. The plastic may or may not be blended with virgin HDPE before Dolav Plastic Products molds it into new box pallets.

Production scrap proposal rejected

The panel on Sept. 15 rejected an application from U.K. company Loop Polymers to recycle PE and PP production scrap from food packaging manufacturing into new food packaging.

The company had applied to recycle printed offcuts and scrap. Through the process, the scrap would be hand sorted, washed, and wet- or dry-ground into flakes, which would be washed in friction vessels to remove inks, coatings and adhesives. The resulting flakes would be used at up to 30% recycled content in new PP or PE products, according to the application.

But the panel wasn’t convinced by the data it was provided.

“The applicant has not demonstrated by appropriate evidence that the recycling process is able to reduce contamination of the input PE or PP offcuts and scrap with printed ink and coating systems to a concentration that does not pose a risk to human health,” according to the decision. Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing


European panel approves PET recycling technologies

-Brands advance sustainability – but use more plastic overall

In 2021, major brands increased their use of PCR and cut back on “problematic plastics,” but the amount of plastic they put on the market grew by over 5%, according to the World Wildlife Fund.

The World Wildlife Fund’s ReSource: Plastic program released its third annual report, “Transparent 2022,” which explored the plastic usage of members such as Amcor, Colgate-Palmolive, McDonald’s Corporation, The Coca-Cola Company and CVS Health.

Year-over-year findings included “positive incremental improvements across aspects of their supply chains,” a press release noted, including an overall reduction of small plastics such as utensils, coffee stirrers and straws by 1,500 metric tons and a 35% increase in the use of recycled content. Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing

Taking a look at the bigger picture, recycled content use increased from 343,000 metric tons in 2019 to 559,000 metric tons in 2021, the report found. Recycled content is now 10.2% of members’ aggregate portfolio, up from 8.0% in 2020.

About 33% of the recycled content was reported in North America, 29% in Latin America and the Caribbean and 26% in Europe and Central Asia, the report noted.

“In the past year, ReSource Members have taken critical actions to support the wide scale adoption of reuse systems,” the press release noted.

However, the brands also increased the total tonnage of plastic produced by 5.3% in 2021.

About 4.83 million metric tons of plastic were sold by members to retailers and consumers or discarded in house in 2021, and 2.37 million metric tons were sold business to business, the report stated, with the caveat that when plastic footprints are aggregated across members, there’s potential for double counting of plastic sold between members.

Based on WWF’s waste management model, 34% of that plastic footprint was recycled, 9% incinerated, 43% landfilled and 15% mismanaged, the report noted.

The percentage of virgin plastic used decreased from 90.6% in 2019 to 87.1% in 2021, but the tonnage increased by about 35,300 metric tons because of an increase in overall tonnage. Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing

The findings are similar to tho se that the Ellen MacArthur Foundation announced in November.

Erin Simon, vice president and head of plastic waste and business at WWF, said measurement and data sharing are “critical first steps” and praised members for “taking their plastic waste footprint seriously and being transparent about how they are working to address it.”

“The next, more challenging step is ramping up the pace of progress,” Simon said. “This will be difficult but it’s still very possible to meet our goals. The investments we’re seeing beyond the supply chain are a good example of the ambition I want to see in all areas.”

WWF launched ReSource in 2019 with the goal of getting 100 companies to prevent up to 50 million metric tons of plastic waste.

David Clark, vice president of sustainability at Amcor, said the findings of the report “reflect the need to continue developing effective waste management infrastructure and public policy to ensure valuable materials remain in the economy and out of the environment.”

Lisa Morden, vice president of safety, sustainability and occupational health at Kimberly-Clark, said in the press release that while the company’s growth and supply chain challenges have created “headwinds to advancing our plastic footprint reduction goals,” it still doubled the percentage of recycled content in its plastics packaging and is moving to more sustainable materials and processes.

Starbucks launched more than 20 trials of reusable and returnable cup programs around the world, reduced the plastic in its hot cups by 25% and is working with supply chain partners to improve access to food grade recycled resins, Michael Kobori, chief sustainability officer, noted. Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing

“We still have work to do to meet our goals and decouple our plastic usage from our business growth,” Kobori added. “We are excited to unlock reusable cups for our customers to lead us into the circular economy of the future.”


Brands advance sustainability – but use more plastic overall

-Renewables account for 49.6% of Germany’s power mix in 2022

Renewables account for 49.6% of Germany’s power mix in 2022 Solar farm Burhafe in Lower Saxony, Germany. Image by Oekorenta.

The share of renewables in Germany’s power mix rose to 49.6% in 2022 from 45.6% in the prior year, driven by a solid increase in solar power generation.

Overall, renewable power plants produced 244 TWh last year compared with 226 TWh in 2021, the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE said on Tuesday.

Electricity generation from solar energy grew 19% on the year to about 57.6 TWh in 2022, helped by sunny weather and the 6.1 GW of new solar capacity that was deployed across the country by the end of November. About 52.6 TWh of the total solar output was fed into the public grid and 5 TWh were self-consumed. Fraunhofer ISE noted that between April and August, solar systems in Germany produced more electricity than coal-fired power plants. Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing

Wind energy was the biggest source of electricity in Germany last year with onshore wind parks generating 98.7 TWh and offshore turbines adding a further 24.8 TWh. At the end of November, the country’s installed onshore wind capacity was 58.2 GW while offshore wind reached 8.1 GW.

Unlike wind and solar, hydropower generation fell to 16 TWh in 2022 from 19 TWh a year earlier although the installed capacity remained stable at 4.94 GW. The drop was caused by the hot and dry summer.

Biomass-fired power plants with a total capacity of 9.4 GW produced a further 42.2 TWh which is 0.4 TWh more than in 2021.

Among conventional energy sources, coal-fired power generation increased for the third year in a row as a result of the energy crisis caused by the war in Ukraine. Lignite power plants fed 107 TWh into the grid, up from 99 TWh, and hard coal contributed 56 TWh, up from 47 TWh.


Renewables account for 49.6% of Germany's power mix in 2022

Plastic-recycling – Waste-clothing

Car-interiors – Recycling – Indorama 05-01-2023

Car-interiors – Recycling – Indorama 05-01-2023

Car-interiors – Recycling – Indorama

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Cleaner air for car interiors

Patented treatment tightly binds a wide spectrum of unwanted molecules.

Cambridge, UK-based Aqdot reports significant interest from major automotive fabric suppliers with its AqFresh additive technology during 2022.

This technology significantly reduces VOCs (volatile organic compounds), which are known to be detrimental to health, in automotive interior materials,

Over 60 different VOCs have been detected in car interiors – from plastics, mouldings, carpets, upholstery, adhesives, lubricants and leather and vinyl treatments. The common compounds found in car interiors include toluene, ethylbenzene, styrene, alkanes, xylenes and trimethyl benzenes. Car-interiors – Recycling – Indorama

AqFresh supra-molecular powder has been incorporated into nonwovens, coated textiles and plastics that are typically found in automotive interior parts and proven to significantly reduce their VOC and odour emissions. The patented technology utilises Cucurbiturils – barrel-shaped molecules with a hollow hydrophobic cavity and polar portals, enabling them to tightly bind a wide spectrum of unwanted molecules.

AqFresh has been proven to be effective in rigid plastic parts such as PP for dashboards, into which it can be incorporated via compounding or polymer masterbatch. It has been added into the manufacturing process of PVC coated textiles and VDA-270 sensory panel tests clearly demonstrate a reduction of odours of 1-1.5 points.

The unique technology has also been applied to nonwoven materials through dry impregnation as well as by spraying and padding during the finishing process.

It captures a wide range of pollutants and malodours, is not affected by normal changes in environmental conditions, and is non-toxic.


Car-interiors - Recycling - Indorama

-Permanent performance with new Baltex spacer

Yarn cross section structure encourages effective capillary action to draw moisture away from the skin.

Among recent developments at Baltex, based in Ilkeston, UK, is the NPD 236 3D spacer fabric manufactured with The Lycra Company’s Coolmax yarn that can be made from recycled PET bottles or 100% textile waste. Car-interiors – Recycling – Indorama

This new fabric has superior wicking performance and employs a special yarn cross section structure to encourage effective capillary action to draw moisture away from the skin.

Anti-bacterial performance is effected by embedded elements in the yarn’s polymer and other key benefits include enhanced airflow, with good compression and recovery. The fast-drying, cooling fabric is machine washable at 60°C and fully recyclable. Unlike finishes that will degrade over time, the yarn’s performance benefits are permanent and don’t wash out.

Potential applications for NPD 236 are in the furnishings, healthcare, military and sports markets.

Specifically for the sports markets, as well as seating and mattresses, Baltex works closely with its raw material suppliers to select the best yarns and fibres suitable for each customer’s technical specifications. Fibres employed include polyester, cotton, high tenacity polyester Kevlar, meta aramid and Lycra, as well as Coolmax.

Plain fabrics, mesh fabrics and 3D spacer fabrics each have specific benefits. While mesh fabrics are recognised for their stability, strength and breathability, XD spacer fabrics can provide high air permeability, insulation, durability, recyclability and pressure redistribution, without sacrificing comfort. Car-interiors – Recycling – Indorama


Car-interiors - Recycling - Indorama


Since 1 January 2023, Daniel Lehner has been the new Global Sales Director Food & Beverage at ALPLA. Daniel has been with ALPLA for over ten years and is a member of the family that owns the company. In this interview, he talks about the opportunities and challenges that come with the new role.

Hi Daniel, congratulations on your new position! How did your promotion and focus on Food & Beverage come about?

The switch is the result of a number of different restructuring processes within the company. After the departure of James Rooney as Regional Managing Director of NOAM (North America), our then UK Country Manager, Tasos Pourloukakis, became his successor. The former Global Sales Director Food & Beverage, Jens Seifried, took over this position in England. I applied for his position and was entrusted with the responsibility of carrying out the role. A number of other key positions were also filled internally. This demonstrates how ALPLA offers opportunities for further development. This is the case for Jens as well as for me; he is now responsible for Operations, HSE, Finance and other areas in addition to Sales. Car-interiors – Recycling – Indorama

Can you tell us a bit about your new tasks and goals?

I am taking on a very well-functioning team. We want to continue the great work, acquire new customers, of course, while continuing to grow with existing ones, and also develop new business fields for ALPLA. All of this will be done in close coordination and collaboration with the regions and local organisations.

What are you going to miss about your old position and what are you particularly looking forward to in your role as the new Global Sales Director?

I worked as a Key Account Manager for twelve years. In that position, I was in contact with our customers on a daily basis. As Sales Director, I will assume a managerial role at a higher level. My position as Sales Director Western Europe, which I held in addition to my role as Key Account Manager from 2019 onwards, was good preparation for this. I was able to support the sales team and establish business development structures – a great experience that makes this new career step easier or even possible in the first place. I look forward to working with the new team and the new customers.

Of course, I will miss my former colleagues. But they are only a few metres away, so it will be easy to continue meeting for coffee or lunch. Car-interiors – Recycling – Indorama

Since joining the company in 2010, you worked in the non-food sector until 2018 and, until recently, looked after a large non-food customer. What do you think are the biggest differences between that and the Food & Beverage sector?

Customers and market requirements are more specific in the Food & Beverage sector. There is also cost pressure here, but meeting the criteria for handling food is the most important thing. Thanks to the high level of standardisation, the products are very similar around the world, which is also reflected in larger production volumes. Customers therefore often award their contracts to several partners at the same time. Big customers like Coca-Cola even develop their own material. While Marketing often decides on the bottle shape and colour for non-food customers, technical and food law requirements are the most important factors when it comes to PET for food and beverages.

On 1 January, your predecessor Jens Seifried will switch as the new UK Country Manager from the continent to Britain. How did the handover go?

The process went perfectly. The team gave me a warm welcome and I already feel very well integrated. Jens continues to support me with his experience and advice and is therefore a great help.

What are the biggest challenges facing the Food & Beverage industry and what answers can ALPLA provide?

We operate in a highly standardised field, where price plays a very important role and our customers sometimes also produce their own packaging. Our strength is that we can offer the entire value chain – from product design and bottle development to toolmaking and production. Another major advantage is the access to recycled material via our own plants, which can make the difference in some tenders. Our solutions score points in terms of carbon footprint, price and availability. Thanks to our expertise, we are able to respond quickly to new market requirements, such as the new EU requirements for tethered caps. All in all, we are well equipped! Car-interiors – Recycling – Indorama

What do you think makes the ‘Family of Pioneers’ so special?

The fact that we operate as a joint ALPLA team with the same goals and values. The demands of the market are becoming more and more complex, which makes it all the more important to focus on a common goal. This is also reflected in our specialisation. We have experts for bottle development, for details such as modelling and simulations, for recycling and much more. We are all united by the Family idea: we pull together and the success of our customers is our shared success. Then there’s the Pioneer idea: we also venture to try new things. That’s how we’ve always been and that’s what ultimately makes us successful.

‘Talent Development’ and ‘Our Promise’: how have our internal programmes and mission statements promoted your career?

Since joining ALPLA, I have always enjoyed a great deal of trust and strong support. In 2012, I was able to gain experience in the USA for a year and get to know a different setting. The early involvement in leadership programmes and the contact with colleagues from all over the world was very valuable and broadened my horizons. My career path that led from being a sales employee to a placement abroad and then to becoming a manager shows what is possible at ALPLA.

Finally, a personal question: what are your hobbies and where do you spend your free time?

I like being active and am mostly outdoors. In summer, I like playing tennis, but of course also enjoy the mountains and lakes. In winter, I like to ski. I make the most of what the region has to offer. In addition, my wife and I love to travel – our curiosity makes us eager to discover new things. Car-interiors – Recycling – Indorama

Thank you, Daniel.

Car-interiors - Recycling - Indorama

-Italy – Cars close 2022 with a minus sign

With just over 1.3 million cars registered, the Italian market lost almost 10 percent last year compared to 2021.
auto photo: Piaxabay Despite a double-digit growth in registrations in December (+21%), the third consecutive month on the rise, the cumulative at the end of the year stopped at 1,316,702 cars, down by -9.7% compared to 1,458 .032 units registered between January and December 2021.
A level that is dangerously close to the all-time low of 1,304,500 registrations reached in 2013. Car-interiors – Recycling – Indorama
“In 2022 the context in which the automotive supply chain found itself operating, already marked by the crisis of semiconductors, raw materials and logistics, further deteriorated as a result of the repercussions of the conflict in Ukraine, which triggered a serious energy crisis and further bottlenecks in supply chains at European and global level – explains Paolo Scudieri, President of Anfia, the association of the Italian automotive supply chain -. a specific automotive Fund with multi-year programming, up to 2030, of the resources allocated, both for measures to support demand, for the dissemination of zero and very low emission technologies, and for tools to accompany the production reconversion of the supply chain”.
The 2023 incentives for the purchase of new zero- and low-emission cars are available from 1 January, with a dowry of 575 million euros that could support the market in the first few months of the year. Anfia also underlines the incentive for the purchase of wall-boxes and domestic columns for electric recharging, introduced last August and extended to 2023 and 2024 thanks to a specific annual allocation introduced by the Milleproroghe Decree; measure not yet operational. “We await its rapid implementation since it is an essential factor for the diffusion of electric mobility in the private sales channel”, comments Scudieri. Car-interiors – Recycling – Indorama
More critical of the measures is Michele Crisci, President of Unrae, the association of foreign manufacturers: “Faced with this far from exciting picture, I am sorry that in such an important and profoundly changing moment in the automotive world, the just approved Budget Law does not nothing new is foreseen for a sector that must quickly face a profound industrial and commercial conversion of the supply chain to support the transition towards sustainable mobility. Although appreciable, what has been done so far is not enough, the data clearly demonstrate it, and we hope that improvement measures can soon be envisaged to achieve this goal”.

Italy - Cars close 2022 with a minus sign

-EU REPurpose project on safe and sustainable design of elastomeric plastics from recycling of post-consumer waste

REPurpose aims at developing and validating the production of a platform of Safe-and-Sustainable-by-Design, additive-free thermoplastic elastomer prototypes for consumer goods, automotive and building applications. Car-interiors – Recycling – Indorama

Finding a sustainable way to shape a zero-waste economy is essential to keep the world’s consumption within its planetary boundaries, especially for versatile and widespread materials like plastics. The global consumption of materials such as biomass, fossil fuels, metals, and minerals is expected to double in the next 40 years, with harmful consequences for humans and the environment. The annual plastics production is close to 380 Mt and is expected to double by 2035 and even quadruple by 2050, making it essential to find new solutions for effective and efficient use of resources for their production.

In this scenario, the REPurpose project, funded by the European Union, brings together 10 partners from seven countries of the European Union and one associate partner from UK to be a game-changer in tackling recycling of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and creating new thermoplastic elastomer polymers. REPurpose aims at developing and validating the production of a platform of Safe-and-Sustainable-by-Design, additive-free thermoplastic elastomer prototypes for speciality applications (consumer goods, automotive applications, building & construction) from local post-consumer waste, with intrinsic biodegradability and recyclability properties, and to establish the circular value chain in an enabling environment. Car-interiors – Recycling – Indorama

Aimplas, the Plastics Technology Centre, leads the WP2 on Safety and Sustainability by Design, which includes an inventory of plastic additives, regulation and standardization, a good practice guide, among other tasks. AIMPLAS is also in charge of the synthesis of small-scale polymers that will be scaled up by the company B4P, chemical recycling of PET, recyclability and biodegradability tests and the realization of demonstrators together with AAU.

New building blocks derived from biomass or enzymatically degraded polyolefins and PET or paper, and cardboard waste will be incorporated, giving the polymers unique characteristics of recyclability, ecology, and unlimited recycling, surpassing fossil carbon at each recycling stage. The polymers will be tested by relevant stakeholders and dedicated user groups, including global consumer goods producers.

The project also includes a Hop On Facility program to contribute to the ambition of inclusiveness of the future European Research Area by involving legal entities from low R&I performing countries to participate in already selected collaborative projects.

The REPurpose project had its official start on September 19th and 20th 2022 in Ghent, hosted by the Bio Base Europe Pilot Plant as coordinator of the research. Four universities and research centres, two non-profit organizations, and five SMEs will work together on these research challenges and lead the way to bring innovation to the public and create a resilient and sustainable European plastics industry. This project has a total investment of 6.5 million euros. Car-interiors – Recycling – Indorama

REPurpose beneficiaries are:

Bio Base Europe Pilot Plant VZW (BE), Coordinator

B4Plastics (BE)

AIMPLAS – Plastics Technology Centre (ES)

Renasci (BE)

Italbiotec (IT)

Saarland University (DE)

Photon Mission (BE)

University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences- BOKU (AT)

University of Aalborg (DK)

AVEP- Asociacion Valenciana De Empresarios De Plasticos (ES)

REPurpose Associate Partner is Mellizyme Biotechnology Limited (now Epoch BioDesign, UK)


-Indorama -San Roque – Spain -Flames in the Spanish PTA plant

A fire without serious consequences broke out in the Indorama complex in San Roque. PET and PTA production will resume by the end of January.
Indorama Ventures has announced that a fire on January 1st affected a purified terephthalic acid (PTA) plant at the Indorama Ventures Quimica complex in Guadarranque-San Roque, near Cadiz, Spain. Car-interiors – Recycling – Indorama
The flames were extinguished in a short time and – assures the Thai group – they did not cause significant damage to infrastructure. No damage to people or the environment has been reported either.
Some operations have been suspended temporarily as a precautionary measure to ensure safety, says Indorama, which expects to complete the safety protocols within a week and to be able to restart operations of the PET, PIA and PTA plants in sequence, returning to full operations within the end of the month.
The Guadarranque-San Roque site, acquired in 2016 by Cepsa Química, has a capacity of 220,000 tons per year of purified isophthalic acid (PIA), 325,000 t/y of purified terephthalic acid (PTA) and 203,000 t/y of PET.

Indorama -San Roque - Spain -Flames in the Spanish PTA plant

-New materials firm Ultima Plastics LLC has opened a compounding plant in Evansville, Ind.

In a news release, officials with Evansville-based Ultima said that the 110,000-square-foot plant will specialize in high-performance engineered compounds. Ultima is owned by a group of local investors led by Greg Riedford, a market veteran who serves as the firm’s president and who previously co-founded compounder Omni Plastics of Evansville. Omni was acquired by Celanese Corp. in 2017. Car-interiors – Recycling – Indorama

Riedford is joined at Ultima by his sons Michael and John. Michael Riedford serves as the firm’s sales manager, with John Reidford as operations manager.

Ultima’s products include filled and reinforced compounds based on nylon, polypropylene and polycarbonate. Officials added that the firm “focuses on reliability in the production and delivery of consistent, quality thermoplastic compounds.”

Ultima’s production equipment includes a new KM Berstorff Blue Power twin-screw extruder with loss-in-weight feed control. Officials said the extruder “provides exact proportioning of ingredient combinations designed to deliver tight-specification, high performance compounds at competitive prices.”

The Evansville plant has an in-house molding and testing lab to assure quality results and provide physical property certification. Officials said the plant is located near rail and interstate access, allowing for fast delivery and competitive logistics.

In an email to Plastics News, Ultima officials said that the firm employs 10 and has annual production capacity of 15 million pounds. Target markets for Ultima’s compounds are durable goods that require fiberglass and mineral filled products. Officials added that the firm also can make products for recycled markets. Car-interiors – Recycling – Indorama


New materials firm Ultima Plastics LLC has opened a compounding plant in Evansville, Ind.

Car-interiors – Recycling – Indorama

Petrochemical – Textiles – rPET 04-01-2023

Petrochemical – Textiles – rPET 04-01-2023

Petrochemical – Textiles – rPET

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Adnoc acquires 25% stake in Borealis

Abu Dhabi-based Mubadala Investment Company is bringing its long-term relationship with Borealis to an end.The company has agreed to sell its remaining 25% stake in Borealis,  a leading supplier of advanced and circular polyolefin solutions, to Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (Adnoc), the two companies have announced. The transaction is subject to customary closing conditions and regulatory approvals; financial details of the transaction have not been disclosed.

Once the deal has been closed, Adnoc will hold a 25% share in Borealis with the other 75% owned by OMV, an Austrian multi-national integrated gas and petrochemical company listed on the Vienna Stock Exchange.

For Adnoc, the acquisition is one with strategic importance. The company anticipates significant consumer-led growth in the decades ahead for the chemicals and petrochemical sector. The present investment in Borealis will support the growth of its footprint in the international chemicals and petrochemical sector and open the door to key markets where Borealis operates, particularly in Europe and the Americas.

Dr. Sultan Al Jaber, Minister of Industry and Advanced Technology and Adnoc managing director and group CEO pointed to his company’s existing two-decade partnership with Borealis through the companies’ jointly held Abu Dhabi-based polyolefins company Borouge.

“Alongside OMV, ADNOC will be a co-shareholder in Borealis, with this investment giving further impetus to our local and international petrochemical and industrial growth program and accelerating our transformation into an integrated and global energy player,” he said.

Founded in 1971, Adnoc is one of the world’s leading energy producers. The company has a capacity of more than 4 million barrels of oil and around 11.5 billion cubic feet of natural gas per day and operates across the entire hydrocarbon value chain via a network of fully-integrated businesses for exploration, production, storage, refining, and trading, as well as the development of a wide range of petrochemical products.


Adnoc acquires 25% stake in BorealisAdnoc acquires 25% stake in Borealis

-India’s initiative towards sustainable environment

As part of Mission LiFE (Lifestyle for Environment), the Indian Government unveiled a list of 75 lifestyle practices that can promote climate-friendly behaviour. These actions are listed under 7 categories namely energy saving, water saving, reduced use of single-use plastic, sustainable food systems, waste reduction (swachhata actions), adopting healthy lifestyle and e-waste handling. For reducing plastic use, 11 actions were highlighted in which one was use of recycled plastic over virgin plastic wherever possible.

This also leaves room for a special kind of plastic called Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) which will need to be seen from a new prism of a green economy. PET plastic packaging can be made not only from its virgin grade but also from recycled PET (rPET) as it is upto 100% recyclable. It not only recaptures the energy, but also translates into numerous life cycles for PET plastic bottles. Petrochemical – Textiles – rPET

Currently, all over the world, everyone is focusing on circular economy, and so is India. Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has played a pivotal role in promoting circular economy across all key sectors by actively formulating policies and promoting projects to drive the country towards a circular economy. Circular economy is cyclic in nature, directing the economy towards reuse, as opposed to waste at the end of a product’s lifecycle.

According to the Chemicals and Petrochemicals Manufacturers Association of India, bottle production from PET accounts for 30% of the global demand. The PET packaging and recycling ecosystem in terms of GDP value is an astounding Rs 7.5 lakh crores and the industry is also one of the largest employment generators in the country, with an employment footprint exceeding 70 lakhs. It is no wonder then that over 50% of rag picker’s earnings come from collecting used PET products.

Indian PET recycling industry is expected to grow exponentially in the coming years, as rPET will also be used in direct food contact applications soon, as it is free from Bisphenol A (BPA), phthalates as well as any other endocrine-disrupting chemicals.

In a recently launched report by Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), it was stated that almost 97% of the collected PET bottles are channelized for making fabric and all the bottles converted to fabric are then claimed to have been recycled as per the existing policies in the country. Petrochemical – Textiles – rPET

Many brands have recently taken charge of recycling pet bottles into garments, which is one method of reducing waste generation. Interestingly, Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) and Bisleri recycle millions of discarded mineral water, cold drinks and other PET bottles to make eco-friendly uniforms for their staff, with the help of advanced technologies.

The Indian PET recycling industry’s turnover will be more than Rs. 13,500 Crores ($1700 million) in the next 4-5 years. PET is slowly and surely becoming the first material of choice in rigid packages, due to its ease of recyclability and its current established recycling systems in India Another focus which needs to be highlighted is the ban on Single-Use Plastics (SUPs) by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC). PET bottles are not banned but are often clubbed with other non-recyclable plastics undermining its unique properties. Small PET bottles (under 1 Litre) fall under threat of ban because of misinformation and faulty linkage with the SUP ban.

However, industry associations like PET Packaging Association for Clean Environment (PACE India) are conducting various initiatives and campaigns to dispel myths and advocate reuse and recyclability around PET plastics.

Today in India, more than 1000 Reverse Vending Machines (RVM) have been installed to encourage the public on the need for recycling and create awareness in the minds of decision-makers about the vast infrastructure existing for PET recycling in India. Recently Coca-Cola India has partnered with 10-Min grocery delivery service, Zepto, for a unique ‘return and recycle’ initiative for PET bottles. This joint initiative seeks to establish an organized process of collection of PET bottles with 100% traceability, to ensure effective plastic waste management. Petrochemical – Textiles – rPET

PET plastic bottles are a popular choice for packaging due to the numerous benefits they provide both to manufacturers and consumers. However, there are myths related to them that are not accurate. For e.g., ‘Plastic bottle left in a car will leach carcinogens into the soft drink it contains’ but there are no carcinogens present in PET plastic. There is also a surprising myth that PET plastics can cause cancer whereas this is yet again factually incorrect. PET products are free from phthalates (i.e., phthalate ester plasticizers) and have no harmful consequences on human body.

A WHO report mentions that PET does not produce any cancer or endocrine-disrupting chemicals and it can be safely recycled. Another common myth is also circulated that glass or aluminum bottles are better than PET bottles. In a comparison of the environmental footprints of bottles, PET often performs better than glass or aluminium bottles as less carbon is emitted during the production of PET bottles than the production of glass bottles. Also, PET bottles are strong, light and shatterproof unlike glass or aluminium bottles.

PET plastics have a low carbon footprint which contributes to India’s goal to achieve net zero emissions by 2070. A combination of renewable energy use and the inclusion of PET/rPET can enable India to meet carbon neutrality commitments in line with the larger vision of a circular economy. We all need to ensure that recycling rates continue to grow and the industry urges people to recycle plastic waste including plastic bottles and not discard them as litter. Petrochemical – Textiles – rPET


Petrochemical - Textiles - rPET

-SABIC, OQ and KPI sign a joint development agreement for a world-scale petrochemical complex in DUQM

SABIC, OQ and Kuwait Petroleum International (KPI) have signed a Project Development Agreement of a jointly owned petrochemical complex in the Special Economic Zone at Duqm (SEZAD), the Sultanate of Oman. The three companies aim to establish a petrochemical complex consisting of a steam cracker and derivative units and a natural gas liquid (NGL) extraction facility. They will conduct the necessary studies and collaborate using their wealth of technical and commercial experience to develop the project with unique attributes that make it globally competitive and profitable for all three partners.

The agreement was signed by Abdulrahman bin Saleh Al Fageeh, SABIC CEO (A); Talal bin Hamed al Awfi – OQ Group CEO; and Shafi Taleb Al-Ajmi, CEO of Kuwait Petroleum International. Petrochemical – Textiles – rPET

Commenting on this agreement, Abdulrahman Al-Fageeh, SABIC CEO (A), said, “SABIC’s collaborative approach has built longstanding relationships of collaboration, delivered innovative solutions and created mutual value for more than 45 years. This agreement enables us to identify and assess opportunities for ambitious and sustainable growth by bringing together our capabilities, expertise and technologies and working collectively with our partners. Our involvement in this well-positioned project is consistent with our growth strategy and Saudi Vision 2030 goals to develop a stronger downstream business, addressing challenges in the petrochemicals industry such as carbon neutrality, and providing diversified and sustainable products.”

Talal Al Awfi, OQ Group CEO said, “OQ is proud of this historic agreement with our partners SABIC and KPI. The agreement is a significant milestone reached between the partners and comes at an important time in Oman along with our 52nd national day celebrations and the near completion of the OQ8 refinery project in SEZAD being undertaken by OQ and KPI through the OQ8 joint venture.  This agreement also comes in line with Oman Investment Authority (OIA) plans to attract foreign investments to support realize Oman’s vision 2040 in its endeavour to diversify Oman’s economy”.

KPI’s President and Chief Executive Officer, Shafi Taleb Al-Ajmi commented, “We are pleased to work side by side with OQ and SABIC on this pioneering project in Oman, because working with our regional partners supports KPC’s 2040 strategy for growth in the petrochemical industry and enhances integration between the refining and petrochemical sectors. The project also supports the economic growth and development of the Special Economic Zone at Duqm (SEZAD).”

Petrochemicals’ demand is expected to continue its growth path as living standards and human development improve, particularly in growing markets close to Oman. The project intends to monetise Natural Gas Liquids and other feedstocks from OQ and KPI’s joint venture refinery, OQ8 in Duqm, to manufacture petrochemical products targeting growing markets linked to energy transition, clean technologies, mobility, construction, durable goods, healthcare and packaging amongst others. Petrochemical – Textiles – rPET

The project intends to deploy state-of-the-art technologies to minimise carbon footprint and incorporate circular economy aspects and commit to high environmental standards. This mega project would support the region’s development aspirations, maximizing socio-economic impacts as well value addition to these companies. In addition, the project would also benefit from the excellent location of Duqm being close to markets and taking advantage of the infrastructure which has been developed in the area, as OQ continues in its strategy to help develop SEZAD as manufacturing and logistics hub in line with vision 2040.


Petrochemical - Textiles - rPET

-Israel to abandon plastic tax despite environmental concerns

Israel’s new government will abandon the country’s tax on single-use plastic plates and utensils, Finance Minister Bezalel Smotrich said on Sunday, despite environmental concerns.  Petrochemical – Textiles – rPET

The decision, in apparent defiance of global efforts to reduce the amount of plastic waste that is polluting oceans, comes after opposition to the tax from religious parties that said it unfairly targeted their communities.

Smotrich, who was sworn in on Thursday, said his first decision in office is to axe the plastic tax as well as a levy on sugary drinks “as quickly as possible”.

The country’s Environmental Protection Ministry, which has reported a 50% drop in the use of such plastic since the tax was introduced in 2021, said it was studying Smotrich’s decision and its consequences. Petrochemical – Textiles – rPET

There was opposition to the plastic tax among ultra-Orthodox Jewish parties, which are strongly represented in the new government led by Benjamin Netanyahu.

A parlimentary report from November 2021 found that ultra-Orthodox families used plasticware three times more than the rest of the population because they often have large families and low incomes, with many not owning dishwashing machines.


Petrochemical - Textiles - rPET

-BKS Textiles to launch sustainable bedding brand at Heimtextil 2023

As the need of the hour is sustainability and circular economy, BKS Textiles is all set to launch a sustainable bedding brand called ‘Ekoscious’ which comprises six collections made using different sustainable fibres  Petrochemical – Textiles – rPET

BKS Textiles has emerged as one of the most instantly recognised names in the home textiles segment. The company with its headquarters at Palladam near Coimbatore works with leading home textile brands in the US, UK, Australia, Canada and Japan. The company is all set to launch its ‘Ekoscious’ bedding brand at Heimtextil 2023. Beginning an exclusive interaction with her views on how 2022 has been for the home textile industry globally, Dr. Sudha Anand, Director, BKS Textiles, said: “Overall, 2022 has been a slow year for us and the textile industry. The volume of purchase was low because of increased inventory with the retailers and changes in consumer priorities and spending. Increased energy costs, inflation and increased food prices have resulted in low priority and spending towards home improvement goods.”

New Launch

The company has lined up an exciting launch for the forthcoming Heimtextil 2023 trade show. “As the need of the hour is sustainability and circular economy, we at BKS Textiles are launching our sustainable bedding brand ‘Ekoscious’ which comprises six collections made using different sustainable fibres like traceable organic cotton, linen, hemp, Tencel, bamboo and recycled polyester, ” Dr. Anand informed. Describing the highlights and special features of the collections, she elaborated: “The six collections that form part of the Ekoscious range are made using low impact fibre and incorporate tenets of sustainability and the circular economy. The collections are well-designed as per the seasonal trends and colours.”  Petrochemical – Textiles – rPET

“We believe these collections will be well-received at the show as they encompass sustainability, novelty and functionality,” she added. Today, the word sustainability is an overused terminology in textile, to the extent that those companies who are genuinely offering sustainable products don’t get the right attention. Explaining how the products that BKS Textiles offers are the most sustainable and how the company differentiates itself from others in a crowded marketplace Dr. Anand explained: “At BKS Textiles we walk the talk and deliver what we promise. Sustainable textile in its truest sense means a product manufactured from fibres, chemicals and processes that have minimum to zero adverse effect on the environment and products that are biodegradable or recyclable.”

“We ensure that the sustainable textiles that we make match the above requirements and we at BKS Textiles have an ‘AWE’ inspiring sustainability roadmap. This includes:

  • A: Afforestation.So far we have planted around 7,000 trees in and around our premises. We intend to add another 2,000 trees by 2025.
    • W: Women empowerment. Currently we have 50% women employees and we are intending to increase our women workforce to 65% by 2025.
    • E: Green energy. We have two windmills and 40% of our power requirement is fulfilled through these. We are intending to increase the renewable energy to 60% through solar energy by 2025.”

Growth Plans and Outlook

Speaking about the company’s manufacturing capacity and plans to invest in expanding capacity, Dr. Anand said: “Bed linen is our main product category and currently we have the capacity to produce 5,000 sheet sets per day. We have started with other home textiles such as table and kitchen linens as well. We will keep increasing our sewing infrastructure to cater to the increasing demand in the future.” The world has been witnessing a lot of changes in the global geo-political alignments in the last couple of years.  Petrochemical – Textiles – rPET

Sharing her views on whether this is helping the Indian home textile industry in terms of more global brands and retailers looking to source from India, Dr. Anand observed: “At present, we export to the US, UK and Europe. We believe that 2023 will be a tough year because of fear of recession and there will be lot of changes in the global economy as well. Nevertheless, Indian textiles have a bright future as we will be the preferred destination for volume cotton goods, not to forget the free trade agreements in place and under discussion. Export of textile looks very promising as of now.”


BKS Textiles to launch sustainable bedding brand at Heimtextil 2023

-Vietnam’s economy grows at 8.02% in 2022, highest in decade

Despite a recession like atmosphere globally, Vietnam’s economy grew at 8.02 per cent in 2022, which is the highest since 2011, according to the General Statistics Office (GSO). Manufacturing, construction and processing was the major economic driver registering an 8.1 per cent growth rate and contributing 38.24 per cent to the country’s total GDP.

Sector-wise, while the retail sector grew by 10.15 per cent, logistics rose by 11.93 per cent during the year.  Petrochemical – Textiles – rPET

During the year, the European Union–Vietnam Free Trade Agreement (EVFTA), and the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) helped the Vietnamese economy as these agreements gave access to other countries’ markets.

The GSO said that another factor was that the government successfully managed to keep inflation rate below 4 per cent, the target set by the National Assembly. The Consumer Price Index rose by 4.55 pe cent in the last quarter of 2022, compared to the same period of the previous year, resulting in yearly increase of 3.15 per cent.

For the year 2023, Vietnam has set a target to achieve growth rate of 6.5 per cent.


Vietnam's economy grows at 8.02% in 2022, highest in decade

-The fight against plastic waste

We explain how Germany and the other EU countries plan to reduce the enormous quantity of waste.  Petrochemical – Textiles – rPET

Hundreds of thousands of tonnes of plastic waste are produced every year. For 2017, a study has revealed precise and frightening figures: in that year, Germany produced 346,831 tonnes of waste from disposable tableware and to-go packaging alone. Every hour, Germans consumed 320,000 disposable cups for hot drinks – and these accounted for only one fifth of the total waste from disposable products.

This waste often ends up in the sea. Around 50 per cent of the waste collected from EU beaches consists of disposable products. The fight against global plastic waste is therefore one of the German government’s central concerns. Last year, an important breakthrough was achieved at the UN Environment Assembly (UNEA): a legally binding agreement on the environmentally sound use of plastic is to be concluded by 2024. Further steps must be taken in 2023.  Petrochemical – Textiles – rPET

An end to single-use plastic

As early as 3 July 2021, disposable plastic cutlery, crockery, drinking straws, stirring sticks, cotton buds and balloon wands will no longer be allowed to be produced within the EU. The same applies to to-go beverage cups, fast food packaging and disposable food containers made of polystyrene.

In 2022, disposable carrier bags were on the deletion list. Certain plastic bags are no longer allowed to cross European shop counters. Since then, there has also been a mandatory deposit on disposable drinks bottles, which will also be levied on plastic bottles of milk drinks beginning in 2024.

This year the regulations go further: beginning in 2023, caterers, delivery services and restaurants must also make their contribution to waste prevention. They must now offer reusable containers as an alternative to single-use plastic for to-go food.

Repairing instead of throwing away

In addition to the ban on single-use plastic, recycling and reusable packaging are also playing an increasingly important role. Since the Packaging Act of 2021 came into force, around 50 per cent more plastic packaging is being recycled. Beginning in 2025, disposable beverage bottles must also be made from at least 25 percent recycled plastic.

In 2022, the EU decided that all EU citizens have a “right to repair”. The law is intended to make goods more durable and repairable. After all, 77 per cent of EU citizens would rather have their appliances repaired than replaced.

And that makes sense, too. Because in 2019, for example, more than 53 million tonnes of e-waste were thrown away worldwide. Petrochemical – Textiles – rPET


The fight against plastic waste

Petrochemical – Textiles – rPET

Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR 03-01-2023

Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR 03-01-2023

Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Is Plastics Recycling a Flop?

Environmental watchdog cites low recycling rates and urges an end to single-use plastics

Despite decades of efforts to promote recycling, the amount of plastic waste generated in the U.S. continues to climb while total recycling rates have declined to single digits, the environmental watchdog Greenpeace says in a new report.

The assessment,  Circular Claims Fall Flat Again , is a followup to a 2020 Greenpeace USA survey, and it found little has changed: Plastic recycling basically doesn’t work, with only 5% to 6% of the total output in the U.S. recycled each year.

Lower costs for producing virgin plastic resins, increasingly complex plastic goods that thwart recycling, and the toxicity of recycled plastics all contribute to the difficulty of turning recycled plastic into new products, particularly food-grade packaging, the report says. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

Only two of seven common types of plastic—PET #1 and HDPE #2 plastic bottles and jugs—are widely accepted at the country’s 370 material recovery facilities (MRFs), Greenpeace said. Reprocessing capacity remains below thresholds set by the  Ellen MacArthur Foundation’s New Plastics Economy, a benchmark report advocating a circular economy.

“The high recycling rates of post-consumer paper, cardboard, and metals in the U.S. prove that recycling can be an effective way to reclaim valuable natural material resources,” Greenpeace said. “Plastic recycling in particular has failed because the thousands of types of synthetic plastic materials produced are fundamentally not recyclable.”

Because of the risk of toxicity in recycled plastics, post-consumer household plastic waste is not being used in new food-grade products neither globally nor in the U.S. and probably never will be, Greenpeace said.

The recycling industry sharply disagreed with the findings, and claimed that Greenpeace skewed the data to make recycling look less successful than it actually is. (Separately, representatives from more than 150 countries gathered in South America at the end of November to begin negotiating a treaty that would reduce plastic waste, as the Washington Post reports. And a recently introduced bill in Congress would set targets for reducing plastic production. There’s more about that here from Grist.)

Greenpeace said society is at a decision point on plastic waste. “Instead of continuing on this false path, companies in the U.S. and around the world must urgently phase out single-use plastics by replacing their packaging and reuse and refill systems and offering packaging-free products,” the report said.

An environmental advocacy group called The Last Beach Cleanup was equally critical in a report published earlier this year. It accused the plastics and recycling industries of waging “a decades-long misinformation campaign to perpetuate the myth that plastic is recyclable.” Not only is the recycling rate abysmally low, the group said, it would be even lower if it included the plastic that is collected for recycling but ultimately is burned instead. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

Recycling rates have declined since 2018 as China and other countries have stopped accepting plastic waste from the U.S. Total plastic waste increased to more than 35 million tons in 2018 (the last year covered in reports on municipal waste from the Environmental Protection Agency) while the recycling rate has remained below 10%.

“The U.S. plastic recycling rate peaked at a dismal 9.5% (including exports) and is now in an irreversible decline to eventual insignificance,” the Last Beach Cleanup said.

The group advocated a ban on single-use plastics, the creation of more water refill stations to eliminate wasteful packaging, and programs that increased the availability of reusable food and beverage containers.

Recycling industry disagrees

While environmental advocates accused the plastic industry of intentionally misleading the public about recycling, the industry said it’s the other way around.

“Americans overwhelmingly support recycling,” the Association of Plastic Recyclers said in a statement earlier this fall, “but too often their enthusiasm is met with discouraging and usually misleading data points.”  Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

Low recycling rates cited by the EPA and others include containers, packaging, and durable goods intended to last for many years as well as plastics never intended for recycling, such as plastic garbage bags. However, the types of plastics that most Americans use—such as water and soda bottles, yogurt tubs and the like—do get recycled at a much higher rate, according to the trade group.

The most recent information available for PET and HDPE bottles dates from 2020 and shows a recycling rate of 28%, the association said. Polypropylene (PP) bottles are recycled at the rate of 17% and other 8% of other PP rigid containers are recycled.

In an upbeat assessment of the recycling industry, the group said that plastic recycling is responsible for more than 200,000 jobs in the U.S. and succeeded in processing nearly 5 billion pounds of post-consumer plastics into new products.

Both the recycling industry and its critics agree on a couple of points. One is that the boom in shale gas production and drilling has helped drive down the cost of virgin plastics, making recycled products that much less attractive. Another is that plastic packaging has become more complicated, making recycling and processing more difficult.

The way out of the plastic mess, the group said, is to recycle more plastic, not less.

“Today, the market demand for recycled plastic material is outpacing the supply of post-consumer plastic that is being collected and processed,” it said. “As a result, it is now imperative to grow the supply of post-consumer plastic material. The U.S. will need to double or triple collection of most plastic resin types to keep up with corporate sustainability commitments and the projected demand for products made from 25% or 50% [post consumer plastic].” Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

Recycling rates for PET and HDPE bottles could exceed 40% with existing processing facilities if more plastic were recycled.

Recyclers also acknowledged that the U.S. needs to develop “robust” public policies for better product and packaging design, simplify recycling, and encourage the demand for recycled content.

“It is unfortunate that Greenpeace and other critics of plastics are focused on attacking the one solution to the plastic packaging sustainability problem that works: recycling,” Kara Pochiro, APR’s vice president of communications and public affairs, said in an email.

She continued, “There will always be plastic packaging, so it is essential that it is sustainable. Recycling is a vital vehicle to do this.

If we want to be serious about tackling the plastic problem, we must be serious about strengthening recycling. Misleading reports like this, which can discourage consumers from recycling, are not only destructive to our communities, but also to the environment and the economy.”  Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

Visiting a local recycler

Among the country’s 370 recycling plants is  ecomaine, a nonprofit owned by 20 area communities and housed in a 30,000-sq.-ft. facility in Portland, Maine. It serves a total of 73 municipal members and is one of two such plants in the state.

What started in 1978 as an operation to bale trash is now a sophisticated handler of paper, metal, cardboard, and plastic capable of sorting 150 tons of mixed recycling per day. It’s a single-sort facility, meaning households throw all recyclables into a single bin—cardboard, paper, glass, metal, and plastic. Plastics #1 through #7 make up only 2% of the total.

On a recent tour of the plant, Matt Grondin, ecomaine’s director of communications and public affairs, explained the process by which mountains of unsorted household are sorted, packaged, and ultimately readied for shipment elsewhere (see the Gallery for more photos).

Initially scooped up by bucket loaders and hoisted onto a conveyor, the refuse climbs into the upper reaches of the plant where it is directed to a variety of sorting lines and devices. There are machines that crush glass (no market for that these days), others that spear slabs of cardboard, and even one that chemically analyzes plastic and culls out PET containers with a puff of air. Where automated devices aren’t effective, ecomaine employees stand next to conveyors as streams of material rush by, plucking out different types of material by hand.

What goes in one door as truckloads of mixed refuse comes out the back door as neatly baled blocks of cardboard, paper, and plastic. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

Ecomaine sells all of the plastic it handles, with #2 HDPE (high density polyethylene) commanding the highest per ton rates ($1437 per ton in fiscal 2021), followed by #1 PET ($182 per ton), and finally #3-7 mixed plastic, which sold for $57 per ton last year. That last category is the hardest to unload, Grondin says, but ecomaine sells it nonetheless. Because it’s comprised of mixed resins, it goes into products where appearance and exacting performance specs aren’t important.

Ecomaine’s success also is a clue to why plastic recycling rates may be so low elsewhere. Grondin estimates the cost of building a plant like this could range to $25 million, which helps explain why even relatively desirable plastics like #2 HDPE gathered in smaller communities go to a landfill or are burned in a waste-to-energy plant.

“There are 115 cities and towns, mostly in central/eastern Maine, that contract with a regional organization called the Municipal Review Committee,” Grondin said in an email. “Their facility has been closed down for almost three years, and all materials, trash, and recyclables alike, have either gone to PERC, a waste-to-energy plant, or a landfill.”

Plant operators hope to reopen in the spring, he added, but when they do only some of the plastic will be recycled for new products while the rest will be turned into plastic briquettes to be used as fuel. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

“Other towns might handle their own separated recyclables, and market those themselves or through the Maine Resource Recovery Association, which acts like a broker,” he said. “Often, these towns might take just #2 plastics, sometimes #1 and #2, but often not #3-#7, which will end up in a landfill or waste-to-energy plant.”

Some communities may have no access to plastic recycling at all. The problem is widespread. Greenpeace estimates that only 60% of the U.S. population has access to municipal collection services for PET #1 bottles and jugs and HDPE #2 bottles and jugs. That number falls precipitously with other types of plastic, down to just 5% for plastic cups, 3% for plastic trays, and 0% for plastic cutlery and straws. The EPA recently announced $100 million in grants aimed at improving local recycling options.

Construction waste is another story

If plants like ecomaine can find ready markets for even the least desirable types of plastic, how does it do with construction plastic waste—various kinds of plastic plumbing, plastic decking off-cuts, vinyl siding scraps, and housewrap remnants? Plastic building materials typically last for decades, but when buildings are razed or renovated, the amount of waste can be significant. And in new construction, scraps and off-cuts are unavoidable.

If the material is sorted at the job site, can it be recycled?

Not at recycling facilities like ecomaine. Grondin says the plant is not permitted to accept construction and demolition debris either at the recycling plant or its sister waste-to-energy facility across the street.

That kind of plastic waste goes to a landfill where it is used to cover up raw trash to control litter and ward off pests. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

This type of plastic waste accounts for a large portion of non-recyclable plastics that Greenpeace uses in its calculation of total plastic waste, Grondin said.

In a recent post at GBA, Fernando Pages Ruiz described  a post-consumer recycling program for vinyl siding developed by manufacturer Kaycan. Storm-damaged siding was ground into a granular material used to make the substrate for new siding. The program was successful, according to the company, and the  Vinyl Siding Institute lists a number of manufacturers who participate in recycling efforts.

But how widespread the practice, and how other types of plastic waste can be recycled, isn’t clear.


Biocrudes - CPL-benzene - PCR

-Review of co-processing of biocrudes in oil refineries

Liquid intermediates from pyrolysis and hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) can be co-processed in an oil refinery along with conventional crude oil. In an open-access paper in the journal Energy & Fuels, a team from VTT Technical Research Center of Finland, with colleagues from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and Ghent University, provides an overview of co-processing options for such bio-liquids.

Fast pyrolysis and hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) are both processes for producing liquid fuels from dry/solid or wet biomass. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

In fast pyrolysis, biomass is quickly heated to around 500 °C in the absence of oxygen. After pyrolysis, the vapors are condensed to give a dark brown fast pyrolysis bio-oil (FPBO). The major compound groups in FPBO are water (20–25 wt %), carboxylic acids (∼ 5 wt %), aldehydes, ketones, and furfurals (25 wt %), sugar-like material (30–35 wt %), and lignin-derived compounds (20 wt %). The presence of these oxygen-containing unsaturated compounds gives FPBO limited stability during storage and poor miscibility into conventional fuels.

In HTL, wet feedstock is liquefied in a hot (250–374 °C) and pressurized (4–22 MPa) water environment into biocrude oil. Typically, alkaline conditions are used to modify the ionic medium to favor certain base-catalyzed condensation reactions, which can lead to aromatic oil formation. In comparison to FPBO, the biocrude from HTL is more deoxygenated and then more hydrophobic with less dissolved water. The biocrude is more viscous but less dense than FPBO. The major compound groups identified in biocrude include acids, alcohols, cyclic ketones, phenols, methoxyphenols, and more condensed structures, like naphthols and benzofurans. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

Oxygen must be removal from FPBO and HTL biocrude to obtain a product with similar properties compared to fossil fuels. Typically, the removal of oxygen takes place through three types of reactions: decarboxylation (oxygen removal as CO2); decarbonylation (oxygen removal as CO); and hydrodeoxygenation (HDO, oxygen removal as H2O). Upgrading the liquid intermediates can be problematic, however.

One attractive option for upgrading the liquid intermediates from pyrolysis and HTL is to co-process them in an oil refinery. This concept was first suggested by VEBA OEL (now part of BP) in 1995, but at that time, it was not seen as competitive compared to other biomass alternatives as well as in comparison to crude oil. The advantage of this approach is the use of decentralized pyrolysis and HTL plants, which can be located near the biomass production site. Only the biocrude is transported to a centralized refinery, which reduces transportation costs as a result of the increase of the volumetric energy of the oil compared to the original biomass.

Many oil refineries have different configurations and product profiles, including fuels, chemicals, and asphalt. There are therefore many possible locations for inserting the biocrude in a refinery, depending upon the nature of the biocrude and target product. The proposed feeding locations for the biocrude in the refinery are (1) before the pre-distillation phase without any treatment for the biocrude, (2) in some of the processing units after mild upgrading of the biocrude, or (3) with the finished or nearly finished fuel after high-severity upgrading of the biocrude. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

Inserting of the upgraded biocrude with the petroleum fuels as finished fuels represents the lowest risk for the refinery, while inserting it at the pre-distillation phase poses the highest risk. The greatest benefit for the refinery is achieved if the biocrude is introduced in some of the processing units after mild upgrading. Both cracking and the capability to remove oxygen from the biocrude is required from these processing units, and therefore, co-processing could potentially take place in the fluid catalytic cracker, hydrotreater, or hydrocracker.


Biocrudes - CPL-benzene - PCR

-EFSA Determines Plastic Produced by Poly Recycling is Food Safe

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has determined the food safety of plastic polyethylene terephthalate (PET) when produced by a recycling process called Poly Recycling for use in food contact materials.

Poly Recycling involves the input of washed and dried PET flakes originating from collected post-consumer PET containers, including no more than 5 percent PET from non-food consumer applications. The flakes are heated in a reactor before being extruded.

The EFSA Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, and Processing Aids conducted a risk assessment on the food safety of PET produced by Poly Recycling, The risks associated with the use of recycled plastic materials and food contact materials come from the possible migration of chemicals into the food in amounts that would endanger human health. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

The quality of the input, the efficiency of the recycling process to remove contaminants, and the intended use of the recycled plastic are crucial points for risk assessment.

Considering the high temperatures used during the Poly Recycling process, the possibility of contamination by microorganisms was discounted. Therefore, EFSA’s evaluation focused on the chemical safety of the final product. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

The panel concluded that temperature, pressure, and time in the reactor of step are critical for decontamination efficiency. The panel also determined that Poly Recycling is able to reduce foreseeable accidental contamination of post-consumer food contact PET to a concentration that does not give rise to concern for a risk to human health if:

  • It is operated under conditions that are at least as severe as those applied in the challenge test used to measure the decontamination efficiency of the process
  • The input material of the process is washed and dried post-consumer PET flakes originating from materials and articles that have been manufactured in accordance with the EU legislation on food contact materials and contain no more than 5 percent of PET from non-food consumer applications
  • The recycled PET is used at up to 100 percent for the manufacture of materials and articles for contact with all types of foodstuffs, including drinking water, for long-term storage at room temperature, with or without hotfill.

EFSA recommends periodic verification that the input material to be recycled originates from materials and articles that have been manufactured in accordance with the EU legislation on food contact materials and that the proportion of PET from non-food consumer applications is no more than 5 percent. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR


Biocrudes - CPL-benzene - PCR

-CPL-benzene processing fee forecast for H1 2023

The chart above shows the trend of CPL-benzene price difference so far this year, and we found that the worst time was in the third quarter. In the fourth quarter, after an upward correction in CPL price from October to November, CPL-benzene price difference seems to have built a new platform after a persistently weak market pattern in December.

From a micro trading level, although CPL has been weak, but the recent daily CPL trading price has showed strong resilience.  Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

Some factories take advantage of their low transportation fee and lowered their price delivered to East China market to as low as 11100yuan/mt, but other main suppliers still stick to the position of 11200yuan/mt. CPL spot has been kept range-bound between 11100 and 11400yuan/mt for nearly a month. Judging from the poor processing price of the specimen in the worst time in the past, the author originally thought that the 11000yuan/mt line would be easily breached, but the firm performance of CPL in the past month was still a little unexpected.

There comes the question, what happened from the third quarter to December to take CPL processing fee to an upper level? If you look for the cause from the supply and demand relationship between upstream and downstream, you will find that the answer may come from the commissioning of the new PA6 plant in Shandong mentioned earlier.

In previous articles, we have expressed that with the commissioning of new PA6 devices in Shandong, including Hualu Hengsheng and Shandong Juheshun, CPL merchant sales volume in Shandong has decreased significantly, which constitutes a certain support to spot prices. From the chart above, we can see that this obviously leads to an increase in CPL processing fee. The situation in December seems to indicate that with after this part of the new PA6 capacity is released, spot CPL processing fee repair may not be a short-term change. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

In the coming period of time, when no more new devices are put into production in the upstream and downstream, we must make some adjustments to the understanding of the supply and demand of North China-East China CPL. At this stage, the most extreme state that CPL processing fee may be to current stage, which is 11200-6600=4600yuan/mt. Of course, there are still some variables that need to be examined. For instance, Shanxi Lanhua Sci-tech and Shandong Luxi Phase II have not yet formed effective supply. In the end, the limit CPL processing fee of this “new phase” may have to be further observed and revised. Overall, it is a high probability event that the CPL processing fee should be higher than 4000yuan/mt in the third quarter of 2022.

Theoretically, CPL processing fee is a comprehensive function index related to upstream and downstream capacity, operating rates and other factors. In the short term, from a micro point of view, we come to the conclusion that the processing fee may have been reduced to the relative limit at this stage.

To make this conclusion, we have controlled the analysis variables, and it is possible that a series of PA6 plants in Shandong from October to November are the main factors leading to the pick-up of processing fees. Logically, this makes sense. But what is the processing fee B? we still need to wait for the impact after the restart of Shanxi Lanhua and Luxi Phase II next week. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

The longer-term significance is that from the end of 2022 to the third quarter of 2023, only the last 60kt/year plant of Lunan Chemical will be put into operation in the whole East and North China. Based on this, we can assume that if the weak market situation before the Spring Festival can test the limit low CPL processing fee (B) in the current supply and demand state, then it is very likely to be the limit low processing fee in the first half of 2023.


CPL-benzene processing fee forecast for H1 2023

-Egypt allocates more land for renewables, green hydrogen

Egypt allocates more land for renewables, green hydrogen Egypt’s Primer Minister Mostafa Madbouly (center) chairs a cabinet meeting. Photo by the Egyptian Cabinet on Facebook

December 30 (Renewables Now) – Egypt’s Cabinet on Thursday approved several proposals that support the deployment of renewable energy and green hydrogen in various regions of the country. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

At a meeting in the New Administrative Capital chaired by prime minister Mostafa Madbouly, the Cabinet decided to allocate 141,075 feddans (228.8 sq mi/592.5 sq km) of state-owned land in the Matrouh Governorate in the northwest of the country for renewable energy projects. The New and Renewable Energy Authority (NREA) is authorised to offer the land to investors under the usufruct scheme.

In addition, a number of land plots in Sohag and Aswan Governorates in southern Egypt were made available for new wind projects.

The Cabinet approved also the allocation of a further 303.3 hectares (749.4 acres) in Matrouh for establishing production capacities for green hydrogen and green ammonia. The decision supports Egypt’s ambition to become a regional hub for green energy exports. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

The renewable energy sector in the North African country was given a solid boost this year, especially during the COP 27 climate summit that took place in Sharm El-Sheikh in November. During that month, Egypt agreed projects that will increase its green energy capacity by 55 GW.


Egypt allocates more land for renewables, green hydrogen

-Prices of Volume Resins Drop–Except for PE

The downward trajectory appears to be continuing into the first quarter for most resin prices, though PE and possibly PP may remain somewhat stable.

Heading into January, prices of all the major volume resins continued to slump, with the exception of PE, which appeared to have stabilized in the late fourth quarter, owing largely to a significant reduction in plant operating rates. Factors contributing to the downward trajectory for most of these resins include diminished demand, higher inventories across the supply chain, and lower feedstock costs. Also supporting this trend is significant new capacity brought on stream in PE and PP, and competition from lower-priced imports of PS, PET, ABS, PC, and nylon 6.  Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

These are the views of purchasing consultants from Resin Technology, Inc. (RTi), senior analysts from PetroChemWire (PCW), CEO Michael Greenberg of The Plastics Exchange, and Scott Newell, executive v.p.  polyolefins at distributor/compounder Spartan Polymers.

PE Prices Flat

Polyethylene prices in November appeared to remain unchanged, and suppliers pushed back their announced price hikes of 5¢ to 7¢/lb, so the pricing outlook for December-January was likely to continue relatively flat, according to David Barry, PCW’s associate director for PE, PP, and PS; Robin Chesshier, RTi’s v.p. of PE, PS, and nylon 6 markets; and The Plastic Exchange’s CEO Michael Greenberg.

Barry noted that demand was quite diminished, with one industry player citing October sales as the lowest in two years. “There is also lots of inventory still waiting to set out for exports due to both some continued shipping logistics issues and not much global demand.” He expected suppliers would continue to run plants at rates in the low 70% range, and they would need to lower export prices further to get material moving. Chesshier noted that due to large inventories of both resin and finished goods, many processors were planning for extended shutdowns. She did not see demand making much of a comeback in the first quarter. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

Going into December, The Plastic Exchange’s Greenberg noted that spot PE market demand was relatively healthy, with HDPE blow molding and LLDPE film and injection grades in the lead and LDPE activity more limited. “More balanced supply/demand factored into the rollover for October contracts and we expect the same for November, even as new capacity is still hitting the market,” he reported.  All three sources noted that significant new capacity from Shell and Baystar (the new 50/50 joint venture between Borealis and Total Energies), which represents a 10% domestic capacity increase, was another factor for projections of  relatively flat pricing.

PP Prices Staying Low?

Polypropylene prices in November were expected to drop by 2¢/lb, as propylene monomer contracts were settling 1¢/lb higher, but another 2¢/lb slice of supplier margin was coming off, according to Barry, Greenberg and Spartan Polymers’ Newell. The November decrease followed a 15¢/lb drop in October. In December-January, these sources generally saw prices as likely to stay put.

Barry ventured that suppliers were unlikely to give back any more margin but also did not expect prices of propylene to go any lower. Domestic PP is now the lowest priced globally, according to Newell. Barry noted that buying patterns in first quarter had some potential of returning to more normal levels. He noted that some processors were building up inventory at year’s end due to attractive pricing. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

Newell noted that domestic demand has been very weak and cited a 10.3% drop within a 12-month period, along with resin and finished-goods inventory accumulation. Supplier inventory days were at 43.5 versus the usual 32 to 34 days, despite suppliers having dropped their operating rates to around 72%. Newell did not expect to see demand return to any where near normal levels within the first quarter. All three sources noted that the significant new capacity brought on stream by Heartland Polymers and ExxonMobil will also impact the market.

PS Prices Down

Polystyrene prices in November had a chance of holding even, despite some suppliers’ announced hikes of 3¢ to 4¢/lb based on an uptick in benzene price, because market fundamentals did not support any upward movement, according to both PCW’s Barry and RTi’s Chesshier. Meanwhile, spot PS prices for November were down 2¢/lb and GPPS and HIPS tabs sunk 3¢/lb lower. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

Barry saw PS prices for December-January as likely to drop, as benzene prices were collapsing. Benzene contracts for November rose to $3.26/gal but spot benzene was trading at $2.52 for December. “December benzene contracts could drop by 50¢gal to 60¢/gal, which would translate to a 5¢/lb to 6¢/lb decrease in PS prices,” Barry noted. The implied styrene cost based on a 30% ethylene/70% benzene formula was down nearly 4¢/lb by the last week of November to 39.7¢/lb. Chesshier said there was potential for a 6¢ to 7¢/lb drop in December and projected that further decreases would come this month, barring some major global production interruption. Demand has been very soft both domestically and globally; PS suppliers have run plants at historically low rates in the 60-65% range; and high volumes of attractively priced PS imports are coming into the U.S. market.

PVC Tabs Tumble Lower

PVC prices for November and December were expected to drop in the double-digit range, following the 5¢/lb October dip, according to Mark Kallman, RTi’s v.p. of PVC and engineering resins, and PCW senior editor Donna Todd.

She reported that industry pundits were indicating prices would drop by 6¢/lb in November and again in December. Similarly, Kallman saw potential for a total drop of 10¢ to 14¢lb by year’s end. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

These sources anticipated further price decreases through the first quarter. Todd expected a decline of 3¢/lb for this month and 2¢/lb each in February and March. “The continued price erosion is predicated on high producer inventories, weak demand and falling export prices,” she explained. Kallman emphasized the significant drop in export prices, which ultimately affect domestic prices, noting that the gap was at 30¢/lb or more.

PET Prices Slipping

PET prices dropped by 1¢ to 1.5¢/lb in November and were poised to drop by another 1.5¢ to 2¢/lb in December, based on feedstock costs. Characterizing domestic supply as ample, RTI’s Kallman foresaw a similar drop in prices this month based on lower seasonal demand along with competition from lower-priced imports. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

ABS Dives Even Lower

ABS prices dropped in the vicinity of 20¢ to 30¢/lb in the third quarter and continued to drop on the order of 10¢ to 15¢/lb in the fourth quarter, according to Kallman. He characterized the market as very well supplied, with slower demand in both automotive and electronics, along with lower feedstock costs and continued competition from lower-priced imports. He ventured that first-quarter ABS prices could be flat to lower by 5¢ to 10¢/lb.

PC Tabs Continue Downward

Polycarbonate prices dropped on the order of 5¢ to 10¢/lb in the third quarter and appeared to be sinking 10¢/lb lower by the end of the fourth quarter, according to RTi’s Kallman. He expected first-quarter PC pricing would be flat to lower, owing to a well-supplied market despite indications of lowered production rates. Softer demand in automotive and construction, lower feedstock costs, and inexpensive imports were other driving factors. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

Prices of Nylon 6, 66 Plunge

Nylon 6 prices dropped 5¢ to 10¢/lb in October-November after falling 20¢ to 22¢/lb in August. Another substantial price drop in December-January was very likely, according according to RTi’s Chesshier. Factors driving the action are slowed demand and lower feedstock costs. But the biggest factor is arrival of imports from Asia priced at 20 to 30% lower than domestic resin. This was of great concern to suppliers, who needed to drop prices further before year’s end in fear of losing more business, according to Chesshier.

Nylon 66 prices fell in the third quarter for both resins and compounds on the order of 8¢ to 15¢lb, with compounds on the lower end, and it appeared that another drop of the same proportions was underway in the fourth quarter, according to RTi’s Kallman. He characterized the market as well supplied with slowed demand in automotive and construction, along with lower feedstock costs. He ventured nylon 66 prices in first quarter would be flat to a bit lower.


Prices of Volume Resins Drop--Except for PE

-Project CaSino investigating calcium-sulfur batteries

The joint European project “CaSino” is investigating the potential of the calcium sulfur (Ca-S) battery as an alternative to lithium-ion batteries. The project consortium consists of five research institutions, two industrial companies and an industrial advisory board and is coordinated by DLR Stuttgart. It is funded with €3 million by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF).

Lithium is a stellar element for an electrochemical cell in many ways—it combines a high power storage capacity and cell voltage with fast ion migration. This enables compact batteries and fast loading and discharging. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

However, lithium-based systems have an increased risk of fire, as dendrites can form with repeated charging, which in the worst case lead to an internal short circuit. In addition, the lithium deposits on earth are limited and not available on all continents, mining is controversial and it can only be recycled extensively.

Calcium—a multivalent metal like aluminum, magnesium and zinc—is 400 times more common and therefore inexpensive, as well as worldwide and equally distributed. Like lithium, it has a high storage capacity and cell voltage and is also safer in terms of short circuits, as calcium does not form typical dendrites in operation.

The biggest challenge when using calcium is its reactivity and formation of surface layers, whether in contact with air or moisture, or even with the electrolyte used in the battery. The oxidized surfaces later block ion diffusion and thus prevent efficient loading and unloading. The development of a compatible electrolyte thus plays a key role. In addition, soluble polysulfides are generated when using a sulfur cathode, which can also block the Ca anode. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

The CaSino project has now set itself the goal of achieving significant progress in terms of cycle stability and energy density of calcium sulfur batteries through innovative material development. These steps are accompanied by experimental investigations, advanced analysis methods and extensive modeling work. The BMBF-funded joint project is coordinated by the Institute of Technical Thermodynamics of the German Aerospace Center in Stuttgart during the three-year project duration.

From the consortium, the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and its Helmholtz Institute Ulm (HIU) play a pioneering role in the field of research on calcium batteries. With a non-corrosive boron-based electrolyte, KIT has laid the foundation for the further investigation of Ca batteries. This recent development now allows a more stable loading and discharge of Ca batteries over hundreds of cycles. Based on this, KIT, together with IoLiTec GmbH, the specialist for ionic liquids, aims to further improve the already established KIT electrolyte.

The Research Institute for Precious Metals and Metal Chemistry (fem) addresses the need for thin and structured Ca anodes, while the DLR Institute of Technical Thermodynamics develops tailor-made coatings to protect against passivation.

The electrochemical characterization of the new materials will be extended by innovative structural and morphological analysis methods (analytical electron and ion microscopy) at the Institute of Natural Sciences and Medicine (NMI) at the University of Tübingen. Furthermore, the experimental activities are supported by atomistic simulations at the University of Ulm as well as continuum simulations and modeling of the Ca-S cell at the DLR Institute of Technical Thermodynamics. Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

Finally, a comprehensive consideration of economic and ecological aspects by EurA AG should highlight the potential of the Ca-S system in terms of sustainability, costs and recyclability compared to state-of-the-art battery materials.

The project will continue to be accompanied by an industry advisory board consisting of the companies Alantum, Varta, CustomCells and Accurec. All integrated institutions and companies work together towards the goal of demonstrating the performance of this sustainable energy storage technology based on calcium and sulfur in an industry-compatible battery cell for use as stationary storage.


Project CaSino investigating calcium-sulfur batteries

Biocrudes – CPL-benzene – PCR

HDPE-recycling – rPET-Bottles 02-01-2023

HDPE-recycling – rPET-Bottles 02-01-2023

HDPE-recycling – rPET-Bottles

rPET-Bottle – Bright-chips – MEG

HDPE-recycling - rPET-Bottles

-January contract price of ethylene in Europe decreased by EUR95 per ton

The contract price of ethylene for January delivery in Europe has been agreed at EUR1,175 per tonne, eur95 per tonne less than in December, ICIS said.

The contract price was approved on the terms of FD NWE (with delivery to North-West Europe).

The agreement was directly confirmed by two producers and two consumers. The contract price is considered fully established when it is directly confirmed by at least two producers and two consumers. HDPE-recycling – rPET-Bottles

The cost of naphtha raw materials fell from month to month. Demand remains low, but continues to be offset by reduced capacity of cracker rigs, while inventory balances are under control.

Earlier it was reported that the contract price of ethylene for delivery in December in Europe was agreed at the level of EUR1,270 per ton, which is EUR25 per ton less than in November.

According to the ScanPlast review, according to the results of ten months of 2022 in Russia, the estimated consumption of polyethylene (excluding exports to Belarus and Kazakhstan) amounted to 2,116.68 thousand tons, which is 7% more than in the same period a year earlier. The supply of LDPE and LDL has increased.

HDPE-recycling - rPET-Bottles


-United Kingdom: Food-grade HDPE recycling champion

Recycling of HDPE – the (im)possible

Nowadays, recycling PET is pretty much common practice in Europe and many other regions. But HDPE is a more difficult story: the chemical composition of the plastic is aligned to the needs of the bottle’s content – packaging for aggressive detergents needs more additives than milk bottles, which are in the best case free of any modifications.

In most countries, recycling HDPE implies an inevitable loss in quality and an amalgamation of food-grade and non-food-grade HDPE – therefore, the recyclate cannot be used for any applications that require high-quality material or need to meet certain food standards. But not in United Kingdom. HDPE-recycling – rPET-Bottles

Although the country is facing the same issues as any other country in implementing an efficient, end-user-friendly recycling stream, recycling milk bottles is a constantly growing success story.

Back in 2008, the British government decided to push towards a closed-loop recycling cycle for milk bottles made of food-grade HDPE. In most regions, milk bottles are collected via the general household waste collection, then sorted according to their typical form and size. Thanks to this mono-fraction recycling of milk bottles, British rHDPE has an excellent quality and meets all requirements for use in food packaging.

Today, the recycling rate of HDPE milk bottles in the United Kingdom is between 15 and 40 per cent, with processing output of around 26,000 tons of recycled food-grade polymer, which is converted back into milk bottles. Several initiatives are ongoing and investments are being made to increase the recycling rate as well as the output even further.

The most sustainable milk packaging

The well-established food-grade material HDPE circular economy stream, which is well accepted in the United Kingdom, offered ALPLA a unique opportunity: following a decade of development and implementation efforts, the team in the United Kingdom was finally able to introduce a minimum quota of recycled material for a certain product type.

To cite Malcom Finch, the Regional Business Manager & Company Director of ALPLA UK: ‘With a minimum of 30 per cent rHDPE in our milk and juice bottles, we are definitely the front runner – not only within the bottle producers in the United Kingdom, but also within the global ALPLA network. HDPE-recycling – rPET-Bottles

My team and I worked hard to achieve this, and we are now of course very proud.’ Thanks to the constant investments in food-grade rHDPE recycling, chances are high that the minimum percentage of recycled material in ALPLA bottles can be raised even more in the near future.

But there is more to tell about ALPLA’s achievements in the British HDPE bottle segment. The fact that these bottles are made of a minimum of 30 per cent and up to 40 per cent rHDPE is already something to be very proud of. Many of them are produced in-house, right at the customer’s plant. This lowers environmental impacts significantly – no secondary packaging, no transportation and thus lower CO2 emissions.

HDPE offers one further major advantage: for most applications, the bottle can be made of natural HDPE. HDPE-recycling – rPET-Bottles

This means no additives, no colouring and no limitation in recyclability. If the bottler’s choice is on top one of ALPLA’s most lightweight bottles, like the handled bottle EcoBottle at only 21.5 g in the one-litre size and 33 g in the 2.275-litre size, no other packaging manufacturer type can keep up with ALPLA.


HDPE-recycling - rPET-Bottles

-Overabundance of paraxylene in Europe will remain a problem in 2023 amid capacity expansion in Asia and weak demand

An overabundance of paraxylene in Europe will continue to be a problem in 2023 as new production facilities are expected to be launched in Asia, ICIS reported.

Meanwhile, demand from European buyers for refining and sales is likely to remain low amid a gloomy macroeconomic outlook.

In 2022, one production of paraxylene was launched in China, and in early 2023, two more are expected to be opened. HDPE-recycling – rPET-Bottles

Between 2023 and 2025, seven new paraxylene plants with a total capacity of 9 million tonnes per year were announced: three in China and the rest in Russia, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and India.

In Europe, production capacity could be cut in 2023 as one paraxylene producer is likely to close its plant from January to June, according to market sources close to the company. Some market players suggest that the shutdown will be final, but the manufacturer cannot confirm this information.

Even if this closure of the paraxylene plant is carried out, most market participants do not expect to see a shortage of material in the European market in 2023.

At the same time, the demand for paraxylene in Europe is expected to grow by 7% in 2023 compared to the previous year. Demand growth will be hampered by a gloomy macroeconomic scenario in 2023, as many European countries approach recession amid high inflation and rising interest rates. Global demand growth for paraxylene is expected to grow by more than 4% in 2023. HDPE-recycling – rPET-Bottles

Northeast Asia was by far the largest region of paraxylene consumption in 2022, accounting for about three-quarters of global demand, followed by Asia and the Pacific (12%), North America (6%) and Europe (4%).

Earlier it was reported that the consumption of paraxylene in the US will remain low in the first half of 2023 due to low demand from the polyethylene terephthalate (PET) sector.

According to the ScanPlast review, the estimated consumption of PET in October of this year decreased by 16% compared to a year earlier and amounted to 58.53 thousand tons (against 69.28 thousand tons in October 2021). According to the results of ten months of 2022, 680.14 thousand tons of PET were processed in Russia, which is 1% less than the same indicator last year. HDPE-recycling – rPET-Bottles

Overabundance of paraxylene in Europe will remain a problem in 2023 amid capacity expansion in Asia and weak demand

-PepsiCo to Introduce Recycled Plastic Bottles Across AMESA by 2023

PepsiCo aims to continue its progress towards expanding plastic collection programs to 14 AMESA markets

PepsiCo is introducing bottles made from rec