PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery 07-02-2023

PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend

-PET film producer Evertis obtains the Retray certification, quantifying recycled content from the tray-to-tray loop

RETRAY is the Ecosense Foundation’s certification scheme to consolidate a circular economy model in the value chain of thermoformed PET packaging by quantifying the content of recycled material, from the tray-to-tray circuit and other sources, in accordance with the EN 15343 standard and the verification of its recyclability according to the guidelines published by the foundation.

Evertis, present in the polymer industry since 1959, is specialized in the production of monolayer and multilayer PET film for food packaging applications. The purpose of the company has always been to offer packaging solutions that close the loop and contribute to a circular economy in the PET thermoform sector.

Their sustainability strategy integrates the UN Sustainable Development Goals and boosts the product innovation in terms of circularity, recyclability and eco-design, as is the case of their latest product launches, Ecobar™ and Ecoseal™. PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery


PET film - Sorting-technology - Battery

-The ecological transition? It’s unsustainable. The necessary minerals wreak havoc on the environment

“The planet cannot afford the energy transition.” Lapidary Giovanni Brussato, mining engineer among the leading experts on the environmental impact of the mining industry.

His analyzes lead to a truth that is difficult for the environmental Taliban to chew: the extraction of minerals necessary for the ecological transition would have a worse impact on the environment than the damage it seeks to repair: the patch is worse than the hole.

For example, the amount of copper that would be needed in the next few years would be greater than that mined in five thousand years. PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery

Then there are concrete, steel and zinc for wind turbines, silicon, glass and aluminum for solar panels, nickel, lithium and cobalt for batteries: resources that are not infinite. Leaving aside the prices that skyrocket, is it possible to plunder the mineral reserves of the Earth in a few years? What about future generations?
In addition and more compelling there is the environmental impact. For a kilo of lithium tons of rock are excavated, disfiguring the landscape and consuming quantities of water that we do not have.

We have just rejoiced at the discovery of the largest European deposit of rare earths in Sweden, only to understand immediately that the extraction will be extremely polluting and that the subsequent processing, incompatible with European environmental standards, will perhaps be located in China.

Last but not least, social sustainability. It is not difficult to find merciless images of young African miners, even minors, on the net.

How compatible are they with the nobility of who wants to drive an electric car to save the planet from warming? In addition to the unsustainability of the transition, the fact remains that many peoples cannot in fact pursue it. PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery

Emissions of greenhouse gases, responsible for warming, have increased dramatically this century, as the population has increased from six to eight billion and as one billion people have been lifted out of absolute poverty.

We are more but we starve less, for the first time in history, because we produce more wealth using coal and oil. It’s not difficult: I prefer to live.
This does not mean that greenhouse gases should not be limited. It’s just not conceivable to do it by turning a switch and eliminating thermal cars and gas heaters.

We have looked for the remedy to a complex problem in the magic wand of ideology and now we find that it doesn’t work.

There are solutions but they are more demanding and perhaps longer. One is the circular economy, i.e. shifting part of the industrial activity from new production to the recovery and renewal of products for reuse. PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery
Another is the European development model, which produces around 5 tonnes of CO2 per capita per year, compared to over 14 in the United States: two similar economies with very different environmental impacts.

Europe, whose emissions have been declining since 1980 and today weigh very little, instead of pursuing further and improbable suicidal transitions, should promote the adoption of its industrial and economic model among emerging and developing countries.

The transition must be based on science not ideology, or it will end before it even begins.


The ecological transition? It's unsustainable. The necessary minerals wreak havoc on the environment

-Recycleye’s $17 million in Series A funding to help enable scaling of sorting technology

Recycleye has raised $17 million in a Series A financing round, led by deep-tech venture capital firm DCVC.

Recycleye uses AI-powered waste-picking robots to lower the cost of sorting materials. The sorting technology helps deliver essential data for decision-making in a material recovery facility (MRF). The new investment will be used to further improve the uncommon accuracy of Recycleye’s sorting.

DCVC led the funding round, with existing investors increasing their stakes. Promus Ventures, Playfair Capital, MMC Ventures, Creator Fund, and Atypical were joined by new Madrid-based investors Seaya Andromeda. The series A funding follows $5 million previously raised in 2021 and $2.6 million secured to date in European and U.K. government innovation funding. PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery


PET film - Sorting-technology - Battery

-Nissan to launch first solid-state EV in 2028

Firm is in a ‘class-leading position’ to introduce cost-saving, liquid-free batteries with 2025-bound production plant

Nissan will launch its first solid-state EV in 2028, believing itself to be in a “class-leading position” regarding the technology

Firm is in a ‘class-leading position’ to introduce cost-saving, liquid-free batteries with 2025-bound production plant

Read our review Back to top “If you can put in energy three times faster, is it any different to filling a [petrol] vehicle?” said put through its paces – can this distinctive Chinese EV make the cut in the UK? Features Piers Ward is off to Saudi Arabia to meet the mechanics who make the infamous Dakar Rally happen.Autocar writers’ cars of 2022: Kia Picanto The opinions and analysis of our team of experts and star columnists will guide you through the debates shaping the design, manufacture and ownership of the cars we love. PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery

New electric cars 2023: what’s coming when The two-seater features a unique set of wheels, along with a big open-air vent in place of a front grille.


PET film - Sorting-technology - Battery

-New venture to develop workwear polyester recycling

A new venture, Stuff4Life Workwear, has been set up to develop a recycling process for polyester to reduce the amount of workwear going to landfill.

It has been created by Hull-based safety wear and equipment specialist Arco jointly with Stuff4Life, a start-up which is developing its own patent-pending chemical recycling process towards full-scale commercialisation. PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery

Based on Teesside, Stuff4Life Workwear aims to create a circular supply chain for polyester, reducing the amount of unwanted workwear going to landfill as well as carbon emissions related to raw materials used in their production.

The joint venture builds on a relationship with Teesside University and its Net Zero Industry Innovation Centre as well as the Centre for Process Innovation at Wilton, part of the UK Government’s High Value Manufacturing Catapult.


New venture to develop workwear polyester recycling

-Fluence Analytics, a Pioneer in Digitalizing the Monitoring of Polymerization Reaction Processes, Acquired by Yokogawa

Yokogawa Electric Corporation announced the acquisition of Fluence Analytics, Inc., a US-based startup that provides real-time analytics solutions to polymer and biopharmaceutical companies worldwide. Since signing investment and collaboration agreements in August 2021, the two companies have been exploring potential business opportunities.

Through this acquisition, Fluence Analytics will integrate its operations with Polymerization Reaction ProcessesYokogawa’s existing business and further enhance its technological capabilities. Fluence Analytics will operate as Yokogawa Fluence Analytics from now on.

Fluence Analytics is a global leader in polymerization reaction monitoring and control, and its automatic continuous online monitoring of polymerizations (ACOMP) product is the only commercially available system that can measure and analyze multiple polymer properties in real time. PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery

ACOMP’s data streams provide new insights into material properties that enable customers to optimize and control polymerization processes, leading to improved product quality, greater yields, and less energy consumption and material waste.

Based on the average size of a polymer reactor, the ACOMP system is estimated to deliver US$1.5 million in value per year, estimated by Fluence Analytics based on the following operating conditions: Annual production 15,000 tons (300 batches/year, 50 tons per batch), USD 3,000 per ton.

Initial agreements between the two companies in August 2021 generated strong interest from global chemical companies seeking to transform their operations with automated digital technologies. Fluence Analytics is currently developing the next-generation ACOMP product, which will become part of Yokogawa’s OpreX offering. The two companies are exploring how to integrate the next-generation ACOMP with Yokogawa’s advanced control solutions and the digital technologies of KBC, another Yokogawa Group company. Yokogawa’s global network will perform engineering and system integration tasks and provide after-sales field services for the ACOMP system. PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery

In addition to ACOMP, the Fluence Analytics product portfolio includes a lab instrument designed to accelerate and optimize the development of novel biotherapeutics. The instrument enables the rapid assessment and real-time monitoring of the stability of therapeutic proteins, peptides, and other biopolymers under various thermal, mechanical, and chemical stress conditions.


Fluence Analytics, a Pioneer in Digitalizing the Monitoring of Polymerization Reaction Processes, Acquired by Yokogawa

-Sabic to launch thin-wall transparent copolymer resins at MD&M West

SABIC, a global expert in the chemical industry, will introduce two new LNP CRX polycarbonate (PC) copolymer resins offering a combination of robust chemical and impact resistance, thin-wall transparency, dimensional stability and processability at MD&M West 2023. PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery

In device applications such as clear covers, screens and display lenses, the new materials can overcome key drawbacks of incumbent PC resins and co-polyester resins when exposed to disinfectants or aggressive chemicals. Options include LNP ELCRES™ CRX1314TW copolymer or its bio-based equivalent, LNP ELCRIN CRX1314BTW copolymer, which offers up to a 42% reduction in carbon footprint based on life cycle assessment (LCA). Both grades feature limited biocompatibility according to ISO 109931 and coverage under SABIC’s healthcare product policy, which provides stringent management of change processes.

Sabic to launch thin-wall transparent copolymer resins at MD&M West

PET film – Sorting-technology – Battery


Circular plastic – Hydrogen – PET 06-02-2023

Bioplastic production went bankrupt 03-02-2023

Bioplastic production went bankrupt

-JV TAIF and Bio-on to create bioplastic production went bankrupt

The Tatarstan Arbitration Court declared bankrupt the joint venture of TAIF Group and the Italian Bio-on – 2Bio JSC, founded in 2018 to create a bioplastic production facility in Tatarstan under the license of an Italian company, Interfax reports.

“Recognize the debtor as bankrupt and open bankruptcy proceedings,” reads the operative part of the court’s decision, issued on January 27.

2Bio filed an application for self-bankruptcy with the Arbitration Court of Tatarstan in June 2022, indicating the amount of debt of 133.8 million rubles. In November 2022, an application for the inclusion in the register of creditors of 2Bio of claims for the same amount was filed by Kazanorgsintez PJSC, which acts as a creditor of the joint venture.

In the explanations to the financial statements of 2Bio for 2022, it is stated that in 2021 the joint venture learned about the bankruptcy procedure conducted by the Italian court in respect of Bio-On, but the interim managers of Bio-On assured 2Bio of continuing to operate. Bioplastic production went bankrupt

In 2022, 2Bio “strengthened the understanding” that the change of ownership of Bio-On will not happen and work with it will not resume. Bio-On refused to return the advance payment for the license due to its bankruptcy, while 2Bio does not have the funds to conduct litigation with Bio-On and its guidance on recovering damages, the explanations for the financial statements say. In 2021-2022, 2Bio did not conduct economic activities and cannot repay the debt to Kazanorgsintez PJSC, which is a party to the agency agreement, for executed payments to the licensor, the document says.

In October 2018, TAIF signed an agreement on the establishment of bioplastic production, as well as a license agreement with Bio-on. It was assumed that the plant in the SEZ “Alabuga” will produce 10 thousand tons of PGA (polyhydroxyalkanoates, promising completely degradable polymers) per year on the basis of a by-product of sugar production from sugar beets. In December 2018, TAIF PSC and Investire Italia s.r.l. (Milan, represented Bio-on in the project) established a joint venture 2Bio PSC to implement the project.

In December 2019, Bio-on reported that the Bologna court had ruled on the company’s bankruptcy, while at the same time allowing it to temporarily continue economic activities “in order to maintain business continuity in order to avoid the collapse of the production organization.” Bioplastic production went bankrupt

In anticipation of the decision of the Italian authorities on the situation with Bio-on, TAIF began to study in parallel other technologies for the production of biopolymers. In April 2021, Kazanorgsintez (then part of TAIF, bought by SIBUR in October 2021) announced the conclusion of a memorandum of understanding with NextChem and MET Development, which are part of the Italian Maire Tecnimont Group, on the joint development of the project of a biopolymer plant in Tatarstan.

In May 2022, a report by Maire Tecnimont SpA indicated that the company had stopped entering into new contracts in Russia. In the report, the company noted that the financial situation of Russian projects remains largely balanced and significant changes in this situation are not expected even after a complete suspension of work in the country.

Earlier it was reported that the net income of TAIF Group of Companies for 2021 amounted to 1.1 trillion rubles.

in October 2021, SIBUR closed the deal on the acquisition of TAIF with its petrochemical companies Kazanorgsintez, Nizhnekamskneftekhim and the energy company TGC-16 JSC. TAIF-NK was not included in this transaction. Bioplastic production went bankrupt

TAIF PSC was established in 1995 and is the parent company of the eponymous group, which includes enterprises structured in four business areas: oil and gas refining, chemistry and petrochemistry (energy); investment and financial services; construction; telecommunications and comprehensive services, including trade. TAIF Group of Companies is a large Russian holding company that controls 96% of the chemical, petrochemical and oil and gas processing industries of Tatarstan. The most important of its areas is the division “Chemistry, Petrochemistry and Oil and Gas Refining”, which includes the leading Russian polymer producers Nizhnekamskneftekhim and Kazanorgsintez.

Bioplastic production went bankrupt

Bioplastic production went bankrupt

R-PET – Circular polymers 02-02-2023

PET prices plastic recycling 26-01-2023

PET prices plastic recycling

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend

-SIPA: Wide neck PET jars for JSC Plastikse

Everything is on a large scale at JSC Plastikse. Company located close to Vilnius in Lithuania and is the one of the biggest PET converters in the Baltic region. Among the wide range of PET packaging supplied for different markets, it makes two- and four-litre PET jars with wide mouths, to be filled with body-building supplements and sports nutrition.

It makes them on two ECS SP 80 injection-stretch-blow molding (ISMB) units that SIPA installed in 2022. Production of the four-litre PET jars with 120-mm necks and weighing 140g as well as two-litre jars 100-mm necks weighing 90g are produced in a very short cycle time.

JSC Plastikse has been in business since 2000, positioning itself at the forefront of packaging products manufacturing for beverage, food, cosmetic, chemical, and medical industries worldwide.

“We pride ourselves on innovation and providing customers with high-quality customized products, services, and flexibility.

Nowadays, a supplement product’s packaging is more demanding than ever, the people are taking care about their body and health much more than before.

We happy to place on the market the new kind of product which is fully designed for recycling and made by using the 100% green energy recovered from renewable resources and solar panels we have installed on factory roof” – says company GM Leonid Sterlin.


SIPA: Wide neck PET jars for JSC Plastikse

-PET prices rose in Thailand amid an increase in quotations of raw materials and the strengthening of the national currency

ICIS reported : domestic spot prices for polyethylene terephthalate (PET) for bottle production in Thailand have risen thanks to rising prices for purified terephthalic acid (TPA) and monoethylene glycol (MEG).

Thus, domestic spot offers for Thai bottled PET increased by an average of 1 Thai baht (THB) per kg and were at the level of 36.5 THB per kg, DEL (with delivery) for the week ended January 20.

For comparison, in the week ended January 13, price offers were at the level of 35-36 baht per kg, DEL.

Thai producers reported that domestic price offers are roughly equivalent to import parity at USD1,100-1,110 per tonne, FOB (free-board) Thailand.

It was also noted that the strengthening of the national currency against the dollar also contributed to the growth of price offers. PET prices plastic recycling

Earlier it was noted that Asian spot prices of paraxylene continued their upward trend.

It was facilitated by higher crude oil prices and an optimistic demand outlook.

Paraxylene supply is expected to remain balanced or slightly limited, with a few planned maintenance stops in the future and with a steady stream of material exports from Asia to the US.

On January 18, applications for March paraxylene shipments were at USD1,056 per tonne, CFR at major ports in Taiwan and/or China.

Compared to transactions at USD1,023–1,024 per tonne, CFR at major ports in Taiwan and/or China on the previous day.


PET prices plastic recycling

-Braskem, Nexus Circular enter 10-year offtake agreement

Nexus to supply circular feedstock for Braskem’s sustainable PP
Chemical recycling company Nexus Circular and Braskem, the leading polyolefins producer in the Americas, have signed a 10-year definitive commercial agreement for the supply of circular feedstocks.
The two companies followed up on the memorandum of understanding signed last year in July .
Jodie Morgan, Chief Executive Officer of Nexus said:
“This long-term commercial agreement builds on the strong foundation of our growing relationship.”
Under the present agreement, a new chemical recycling facility will be built with an initial capacity to convert over 30,000 metric tons annually of used plastic into new materials. The aim is to expand this capacity in the short term to over 120,000 metric tons a year. Braskem will have exclusive rights to the production output from the new facility, which will be used for the production of Braskem’s certified circular PP resins.
In January 2022, Braskem made a strategic investment in Nexus Circular.
Nexus Circular is a commercial leader in advanced recycling that uses proprietary technology and a leading process design to convert landfill-bound films and other hard-to-recycle plastics into high-quality materials used to produce virgin-quality sustainable plastics. PET prices plastic recycling
Since 2018, Nexus has been supplying consistent, on-spec commercial volumes of ISCC Plus certified circular products. PET prices plastic recycling
Nexus,with the contracted volumes of advanced circular recycled products will support Braskem’s strategic goal of selling 300,000 tonnes of recycled content products by 2025 and 1 million tonnes by 2030.


PET prices plastic recycling

-Veolia to set up first food-grade plastic recycling plant in UAE

Spread over a 40,000-sq-m area in Abu Dhabi, the new plant, at full operating capacity, is likely to generate 100 odd jobs in addition to helping cut 18,000 MT of CO2 emission annually

UAE – French water management specialist Veolia said its regional subsidiary Repeet has signed an agreement with UAE-based sustainability pioneer Beeah and F&B conglomerate Agthia to set up a food-grade plastic recycling plant in Abu Dhabi with a total capacity of 12,000 tonnes per annum. PET prices plastic recycling

The MoU was signed in co-operation with the UAE’s Ministry of Industry and Advanced Technology (MoIAT) at the Abu Dhabi Sustainability Week, which lays the groundwork for the new polyethylene terephthalate (PET) facility.

Spread over a 40,000-sq-m area in Abu Dhabi, the new plant, at full operating capacity, is likely to generate 100 odd jobs in addition to helping cut 18,000 MT of CO2 emission annually.

In line with the UAE’s efforts to reduce plastic pollution and boost trade through the export of recycled materials, the plant will recycle PET, a plastic material that is used in food packaging, such as plastic water bottles.


PET prices plastic recycling

-Sasa announced Honeywell licensing deal for propylene plant

Turkey’s Sasa Polyester has announced a licensing deal with Honeywell UOP for a 1m tonne/year propylene production plant based on propane dehydrogenation (PDH) technology, said the company.

The agreement also covered technical service and warranty aspects of the USD1.5bn project to be constructed in the Yumurtalik investment area in Turkey’s southern province of Adana, Sasa added, when filing details of the deal with the Istanbul Stock Exchange.

Sasa said that it expected the contribution of the planned investment to its turnover would be USD1.2bn. PET prices plastic recycling

The targeted completion date for the plant was the first half of 2026, the company also said.

We remind, Sasa Polyester Sanayi increased the loading of PET production in the city of Adana (Adana, Turkey) up to 100%. Previously, the capacity of this plant with a capacity of 365,000 tonnes of PET per year was reduced in October last year due to low demand.


Sasa announced Honeywell licensing deal for propylene plant

-RecyClass revises recycling guidelines & testing protocols

The latest scientific findings on existing and new packaging features, together with state-of-the-art recycling technologies, are at the heart of the update of both the RecyClass Design for Recycling Guidelines and the Recyclability Evaluation Protocols.

RecyClass conducted 15 test campaigns and issued 50 recyclability approvals in 2022. These recyclability assessments covered the recyclability of common packaging components for both rigid and flexible plastic packaging. All were carried out by recognised, independent laboratories. PET prices plastic recycling

For example, the evaluation included an assessment of the behaviour of PP in the rigid HDPE recycling stream and the impact of HPDE in the PP stream.

Similarly, the tests measured the compatibility of different types of lids for PS pots. For flexible packaging, technologies such as laminating adhesives and functional barriers were evaluated.

In addition, RecyClass has published new guidelines for white and natural PS containers, developed together with the relevant stakeholders in the value chain.

As white packaging has a high material value, this is now also reflected in the guidelines for “natural and white” HDPE, PP and the aforementioned PS containers.

While the design recommendations are the same, the new guidelines state that white packaging should be recycled in a separate stream from natural packaging.


RecyClass revises recycling guidelines & testing protocols

-PET prices rose in the spot market in India

Bottle-grade spot prices for bottle-quality polyethylene terephthalate (PET) rose in India amid a lack of supply from the domestic market, ICIS reported.

Prices were at USD1,020-1,060 per tonne, FOB (free on board) India in the week ending January 20, compared with USD1,000-1,045 per tonne, FOB India in the week ending January 13.

Prices generally rose due to strong domestic demand, which led to a shortage of supply of Indian bottled PET. PET prices plastic recycling

One manufacturer was known to have sold spot volumes of bottled PET from its February quotas, while another manufacturer was known to have restricted shipments of February spot volumes of bottled PET.

Earlier it was reported that the Turkish company Sasa Polyester Sanayi increased the load of PET production in the city of Adana (Adana, Turkey) to 100%. Earlier, the load of this plant with a capacity of 365 thousand tons of PET per year was reduced in October last year due to low demand.

According to the ScanPlast review, in January-November 2022, the estimated consumption of PET in Russia amounted to 758.69 thousand tons, which corresponds to consumption for the same period a year earlier.

Compared with November 2021, total estimated consumption increased by 4% and amounted to 78.77 thousand tons against 75.44 thousand tons last year.


PET prices rose in the spot market in India

PET prices plastic recycling

Bio-degradable-plastic – PS – PE 25-01-2023

PET recycling methods 24-01-2023

PET recycling methods

PET recycling methods

-Study compares PET recycling methods

A study conducted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory evaluated various PET recycling methods from technical, economic and environmental standpoints to provide a big-picture overview of today’s options.

The research, published by the American Chemical Society, found that mechanical recycling outperformed all other technologies as well as virgin plastic production across economic and environmental considerations, but it ranked lower in technical metrics.

Of several available chemical recycling methods for PET, glycolysis “offered the best economic and environmental performances,” the study found, with areas for future improvement including process yields, consumable reduction or replacement, utility decarbonization and closed-loop recycling for polyolefins.

“Chemical recycling” generally refers to a wide array of processes that use heat, pressure and solvents to break down the molecular chains of polymers into liquids or gasses that can then be processed into fuels, oils, waxes, new plastics or other chemical products.

“This work quantitatively characterized the performances of plastic recycling technologies and established a robust methodology for comparing new recycling processes as they emerge in the future,” the report noted, as well as providing a decision tree to help reclaimers choose the best method for each material. PET recycling methods

The study looked at mechanical recycling and solvent-based dissolution of PE, PET and PP, as well as enzymatic hydrolysis, glycolysis and vapor methanolysis of PET, using virgin production as a baseline.

Enzymatic hydrolysis uses hydrolase enzymes to depolymerize PET, glycolysis uses ethylene glycol and methanolysis uses vaporized methanol.

The evaluated metrics were material quality, material retention, circularity, contamination tolerance, minimum selling price, greenhouse gas emissions, energy use, land use, toxicity, waste generation and water use.

Overall, PET mechanical recycling and glycolysis outperformed virgin PET in all metrics, and methanolysis and dissolution scored above virgin levels in the economic and technical sections but scored lower in the environmental and resources sections due to high GHG emissions, toxicity, land use and water use.

Enzymatic PET hydrolysis did not exceed the virgin baseline under any modeled scenario, the study noted. PET recycling methods

As for other materials, mechanical recycling of HDPE outperformed virgin production in the environmental and resources sections but had a low technical and economic score.

Dissolution of HDPE did not reach the virgin threshold for any sections, nor did dissolution of LDPE or PP, though mechanical recycling of LDPE and PP performed better in economic and technical sections due to lower bale prices, the study reported.

However, lower scores should not mean that technologies are abandoned, the study noted, because “these techniques may not be advantageous across all metrics but could provide benefits in specific priority areas, especially with continued improvements as the technologies mature.”

The study also highlighted improvements for the different methods. Mechanical recycling could benefit from increased bale quality and polymer yield, as well as the addition of advanced sorting technologies such as fluorescent markers or robotic sorting coupled with artificial intelligence, the study noted.

For dissolution, switching to bio-based solvents could improve its environmental score. Enzymatic PET hydrolysis needs increased monomer yields and to use less water to become viable, the study stated. PET recycling methods

Glycolysis could also benefit from improved monomer yields as well as new catalysts. PET methanolysis also needs new catalysts, the study stated, and to use less water.

PET recycling methods


Green-Hydrogen – Plastics-recycling 24-01-2023

PLA – Biodegradable – Plastics-Harmful 27-12-2022

PLA – Biodegradable – Plastics-Harmful

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Crude oil prices rise above USD100 per barrel February 24

Following reports that Russian forces further invaded Ukraine on Thursday,February 24, the front-month futures price of both Brent and West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil have increased to more than USD100 per barrel (b), said Hydrocarbonprocessing.

The front-month Brent contract price closed just below USD115/b on Wednesday, March 2, after rising and settling above USD100/b on February 28. The Brent crude oil price last rose above USD100/b in late 2014. The front-month WTI contract price closed above USD110/b on March 2, after first settling above USD100/b on March 1.

Brent crude oil is a type of crude oil from the North Sea in Northwest Europe that is commonly used as a global benchmark. West Texas Intermediate crude oil is used as a U.S. benchmark. Recent trading of these benchmarks has been more volatile lately than in the past. For example, on February 24, the price of Brent crude oil ranged from a high of USD105.79/b to a low of $97.56/b, an intraday price range of USD8.23/b that is nearly four times the average range during 2021. The only other time since January 2021 that the range exceeded USD8/b was on November 26, in response to the World Health Organization’s identification of the coronavirus Omicron variant.

The Brent crude oil price decreased on February 25, but developments in the Ukraine-Russia conflict and new sanctions placed on Russia over the weekend contributed to an increase in the Brent price on February 28. Subsequent news about Russia’s further invasion has had significant effects on crude oil trading throughout the past week.

Russia is the third-largest petroleum and liquid fuels producer in the world, after the United States and Saudi Arabia. It is also a major exporter of crude oil. Since mid-January 2022, the geopolitical risk related to Russia’s further invasion of Ukraine has contributed to higher and more volatile crude oil prices. Stronger petroleum demand as the COVID-19 pandemic has begun to ease and slower crude oil production growth have also put upward pressure on global crude oil prices.

We remind, Transneft has received requests from Poland and Germany for oil in 2023, the state oil pipeline monopoly’s head told Rossiya-24 TV, adding that supplies via the Druzhba pipeline’s southern spur are expected to hold steady next year. The EU has pledged to stop buying Russian oil via maritime routes from Dec. 5, with Western nations also imposing price caps on Russian crude oil, but the Druzhba pipeline remains exempt from sanctions. Transneft’s comments are at odds with suggestions last month that Poland aimed to abandon a deal to buy Russian crude.


Crude oil prices rise above USD100 per barrel February 24

Crude oil prices rise above USD100 per barrel February 24

-GreenTech SA is merging with GreenFiber International

Merger aimed to achieve full consolidation of operations and centralization of management, for greater resource efficiency, reduction of costs and optimization of activities in the PET recycling chain.

Following the merger, GreenFiber International was renamed GreenTech, thus preserving the brand legacy of the PET recycler leader in Europe and still keeping GreenFiber as brand for the polyester staple fiber.

December 01st is the date when merger by absorption between GreenFiber International (absorbing company) and GreenTech (absorbed company) became effective and legally binding, formalizing a full integration of operations between two key players in the European circular economy of plastics, both part of GreenGroup.

As a result of the merger, the full patrimony of GreenTech (entity was dissolved, but not liquidated) was transferred to GreenFiber International. Furthermore, following the merger GreenFiber was renamed GreenTech, while also changing its main domain of activity, from producer of polyester staple fiber to recycler. PLA – Biodegradable – Plastics-Harmful

Absorbed company (GreenTech) was established in 2002 and in the last 20 years secured its position as European PET recycling leader and key producer of PET flakes, R-PET granules, and PET strap. Since the establishment of GreenFiber, in 2004, the two companies worked as an integrated team, as GreenTech was the key supplier of raw material to produce fibers. From the start, the companies shared the same management team.

Alina Genes, CEO GreenTech stated:

”The merger was a natural step towards bringing together two teams, that worked closely from the very beginning to offer an efficient solution for the recycling and circular economy of plastics. The new GreenTech is now strengthening its position on the European market as integrated PET recycler and circular economy enabler for plastics, with a unitary vision, consolidated portfolio of recycled products and perfect synergy between supply chain and production. This leads to improved efficiency and sustainability, thus better servicing the needs of our partners and industrial clients.”

GreenTech is an established brand on the European recycling market, celebrating 20 years of activity in 2022, having an installed processing capacity of 150.000 tons of PET/year, the equivalent of 2 billion PET bottles. GreenFiber will remain a commercial brand of products, integrated within the unitary portfolio of products made of PET by GreenTech.


PLA - Biodegradable - Plastics-Harmful

-Oxxynova is to cease production at its German DMT site at the end of 2022

Oxxynova is to cease production at its German dimethyl terephthalate (DMT) site at the end of 2022, primarily due to gas and electricity prices, said the company.

The 240,000 tonne/year plant in Luelsdorf, Germany is one of two in Europe, with Turkey’s 280,000 tonne/year SASA Polyester Sanayi plant in Adana left as the only remaining one.

Oxxynova is one of only two PX contract settlers on the buy side. Oxxynova’s indefinite exit may lead to imports of solid DMT or additional moves to purified terephthalic acid (PTA). PLA – Biodegradable – Plastics-Harmful

According to a letter understood to have been sent to customers, Oxxynova indicated it hopes to be able to play a role in the future business area of recycling, processing of chemical material and waste streams.

We remind, Oman Oil Company’s Oxea constructed its 60,000 tonnes/y dioctyl terephthalate (DOTP) facility at the site of Oxxynova in Steyerberg, Germany. Start-up of the project was in 2H 2019.


PLA - Biodegradable - Plastics-Harmful

-Contract prices for extrusion PC in Europe decreased in December

Contract prices for extrusion polycarbonate (PC) fell in December in Europe from the previous month amid lower production costs and reduced inventories, ICIS said.

Prices decreased by EUR150 per tonne and EUR200 per tonne compared to the previous month in the lower and upper parts of the price range respectively.

Despite the fact that several players reported an extension in December, according to market sources, most of the agreements were concluded with a significant reduction in prices compared to November. Lower costs for electricity and production, combined with sustained low demand, affected the negotiations.

The reduction in inventories ahead of the end of the year not only made consumer demand weaker, but also prompted producers with large inventories to accept a significant decline in prices.  PLA – Biodegradable – Plastics-Harmful

In Europe, negotiations on contract prices for the first quarter of 2023 are continuing. According to market sources, PC imports from Asia should remain high during the first quarter, which may have some impact on the course of negotiations.

Earlier it was reported that Roehm, a major European manufacturer of methyl methacrylate (MMA), in the first half of 2024 will acquire the production of polycarbonate films and sheets SABIC. The agreement does not apply to SABIC’s polycarbonate (PC) extrusion business, but includes the Functional Forms division, which offers a wide range of polycarbonate (PC) films and sheets, primarily sold under the LEXAN brand name.

According to MRC ScanPlast, in January-October 2022, the total estimated consumption of PC granulate in the Russian market (excluding imports and exports to Belarus) decreased by 2% and amounted to about 68.2 thousand tons against 69.3 thousand tons a year earlier.


PLA - Biodegradable - Plastics-Harmful

-The Israeli startup turning garbage into gold – sort of

TripleW has developed a revolutionary idea to compost biological material – in this case, food waste

Israeli startup TripleW takes the phrase ‘trash to treasure’ incredibly literally – by using food waste to produce biomaterials.

“You take food waste, and you take all its ingredients and deconstruct it in the best way to make materials that we use in everyday life. For example, the production of bioplastics that are used in food packaging,” explained co-founder Tal Shapira, who also serves as the company’s CEO. PLA – Biodegradable – Plastics-Harmful

The material in question is a plastic known as PLA – biodegradable and made from foodstuffs, but until now was expensive to produce.

“Bioplastics were produced using sugarcane or corn, which are food crops — and they cost a lot. We can eliminate these costs using food waste. That’s not even a cost because you are getting paid to get rid of waste,” said Amir Oranim, who co-founded TripleW with Shapira and is the company’s COO.

TripleW has developed a way to compost biological material – in this case, food waste – by extracting biological compounds known as lactic acid using bacteria and then purifying that into useable plastics.

It’s a revolutionary idea that makes recycling more viable: traditional recycling needs to separate and then process raw materials for reuse, making it far more expensive than just dumping it somewhere. But in this biological process, it’s all done by the bacteria.

“It’s blended into a slurry, like in a traditional process, but the microorganisms are the ones targeting specific carbohydrates in the waste, fermenting those into the product, and then we separate the product from the rest,” Shapira clarified.

And not just an economical solution – the waste from this process is yet another valuable product since the leftovers, such as lipids and oil, can be burned as biogas to produce renewable electricity. PLA – Biodegradable – Plastics-Harmful

This means that this waste management could soon fill a very significant market need.

“The demand comes from two directions,” noted Oranim. “One is from governments that implement policies restricting the use of traditional plastics, and the other is from industry that understands that there’s only one direction for plastics, and that’s bioplastic.”

In Europe, TripleW isn’t operating out of a lab but is an industrial-scale company. Its Belgium facility processes countless tons of garbage – and turns out purified plastic which can be used for any sort of product the market demands.


The Israeli startup turning garbage into gold – sort of

-Are All Plastics Equally Harmful To The Environment?

Not all plastics are equally harmful to the environment. Thermoset plastic are strong and more durable, which makes them harder to recycle, as opposed to slimy thermoplastics. Furthermore, there is a Resin Identification Code (RIC) that grades which plastics can be recycled and how. Lastly, some plastics have chemicals, such as chlorines, that can be toxic to their surrounding environment.

In 1907, Leo Baekeland, a Belgian chemist, beat chemist James Swinburne to a patent office in Scotland by the mere margin of a day. There, Baekeland patented a material known as Bakelite. Bakelite was the first fully synthetic plastic in the world. It was a worthy predecessor to the types of plastic we use today. From food containers and baby bottles to electronic chip carriers, plastic is as ever-present as sunlight. Today, the market for plastic has never been larger. PLA – Biodegradable – Plastics-Harmful

During the Covid-19 pandemic, the logistical burden of the medical industry was almost single-handedly borne by synthetic polymers and common plastics. Millions of plastic gloves and masks were used every day.

Of course, plastic isn’t only evil in the world, but with so much of it around, what the heck do we do with all this plastic once we’re done with it?

What is plastic?

To understand what happens to plastic as garbage, we need to know what plastic is, chemically speaking.

Plastic is a polymer that, in the simplest of terms, is composed of small chemical blocks—monomers—attached to each other to make a large molecule, the polymer. The monomers form covalent bonds with other monomers. Monomers covalently link together to form chains, which together form a polymer.

It’s easier to think of a monomer as a brick. Multiple bricks are sequentially laid together to build a house. The house is a polymer. However, not all plastics are the same type of polymer. Plastics come in two types; thermoset plastics and thermoplastics. The difference lies in their chemical and physical properties. PLA – Biodegradable – Plastics-Harmful

Thermoset plastics are manufactured using processes called liquid molding processes. Polymers and other agents are heated to a liquid state, and as the mixture cools in the mold, it forms a thermoset plastic. This process encourages a chemical reaction known as cross-linkage. When the polymers in the mixture cross-link together, it prevents them from succumbing to the effects of heat. Thermosets such as polyester, polyimides, and polyurethane are therefore perfect for high-heat environments. The cross-links in thermoset plastics are also the reason they are impossible to recycle. Thermoplastics, on the other hand, are susceptible to the effects of heat and melt when exposed to high heat after the curing process. This makes them a bit easier to recycle. Polyethene is a good example of a thermoplastic.

What happens to all the plastic once we’re done with it?

One word: Recycled

Actually, it’s a bit more complicated than that. The problem with plastic is that we can’t transform it into another substance. Technically, it is possible to recycle plastics into fuel or oil, but this process results in the emission of toxic pollutants—a no-win situation.

Most plastics are not biodegradable. They break down into smaller pieces, but not simpler substances (i.e., organic or biological materials). These smaller pieces of plastic are called microplastics.

To prevent plastics from turning into microplastics, the ideal solution is to recycle them. However, many weird problems come up when we try scaling up plastic recycling.

Plastics and objects made of plastic are each assigned a Resin Identification Code (RIC). This code helps us identify the type of plastic used to make an object. Based on this code, each plastic item can belong to 1 of 7 classes. RIC Classes 1 (things made of PETE/PET) and 2 (things made of HDPE) can be recycled. RIC Classes 3-7 can possibly be recycled (depending on where you live). PLA – Biodegradable – Plastics-Harmful

The headache doesn’t end there. Specific cases like two-layered objects (your coffee cup) make plastic recycling harder. Plastic fused to another material (paper) cannot be recycled. The two materials need to be separated and then processed.

Additionally, some plastic items can only be recycled a maximum of 2 or 3 times, because every time plastic is recycled, the monomeric chains that make up the plastic reduce in length. This directly affects the quality and strength of the resultant plastic.

Weirdly enough, most recycled plastic is reinforced with new or “virgin” plastic to make up for the loss of quality incurred during recycling. This goes directly against the very point of recycling—to use less of it. One may rightfully question if this should count as recycling at all.

So, are all types of plastic bad for the environment?

Not really.

RIC Class 1 and 2 plastics are the most extensively recycled plastics. Hence, they’re also less likely to contribute to the production of microplastics. Generally, they are also used to make simple single-layered products, such as water bottles (100% PET).

In terms of harm done, they’re as innocent as plastics can get. Classes 3-6 are a bit trickier to judge, as the processes required to recycle them do exist, but depending on where you live, they’re not always recyclable. PLA – Biodegradable – Plastics-Harmful

Plus, for some plastics, such as PVCs or polystyrenes, multiple complex processes (pyrolysis, hydrolysis, heating, etc.) are required to successfully recycle them.

Dubiously, we must also be wary of Class 7 plastics. All plastics that fall into the Class 7 category of plastics meet one basic requirement: They do not fit anywhere else. If the object in question doesn’t find a place amongst the first 6 classes, it is simply dumped in class 7. It is a literal landfill of unidentifiable plastics. This makes all plastic items in Class 7 difficult to recycle, as not much is known about their composition.


In the end, some types of plastics, like Polyvinyl chlorides and Polysterenes, are more dangerous than others. Many of the processes used in recycling PVCs attempt to remove the hazardously high levels of chlorine and additives added to it. In fact, the WHO has classified PVC as a carcinogen.

The real problem is the dangerously small amount of plastic being recycled at all. Worldwide, only 9% of plastic is actually recycled.

We need to figure out a better way to increase the scale and quantity of plastic recycling. Unless we figure that out, the type of plastic doesn’t really matter, as most of the plastic that is produced will eventually end up breaking up into microplastics, since they won’t be recycled in the first place. PLA – Biodegradable – Plastics-Harmful

To end on a lighter note, it’s not all doom and gloom. Chemists and engineers are working tirelessly to synthesize new-age bioplastics, which are synthesized from renewable and biodegradable raw materials like vegetable oil, yeast, or corn. Capable of biodegradability, bioplastics present a source of optimism for plastic management in the near future.


Are All Plastics Equally Harmful To The Environment?

-Green hydrogen: The answer to the world’s energy woes?

Green hydrogen is a green fuel that is showing a lot of promise. Despite the recent large investments in this industry, there are challenges aplenty

A revolution is swiping across the gulf states and the rest of the world is sitting up and taking notice. We are of course talking about the green hydrogen revolution.

In 2021, the UAE inaugurated the Gulf’s first ever “green hydrogen” plant. KSA based ACWA Power, has nearly completed financing for a $5bn green-hydrogen project. Oman, whose oil reserves are smaller and more expensive to extract than those of its larger neighbours, the country is considering investing $30 billion in what could be the largest hydrogen factory in the world. In fact, it has launched a state-owned entity to offer green-hydrogen projects concessions in its special economic zones.

These Gulf states are also looking to expand their horizons. UAE’s state owned Masdar is funding a green hydrogen initiative in Egypt with $10 billion, building 4 gigawatts (GW) of green hydrogen and renewables projects in Azerbaijan, and investing in a green hydrogen start-up in northern England. PLA – Biodegradable – Plastics-Harmful

ACWA Power plans to invest billions of dollars in green hydrogen projects in Egypt, South Africa, and Thailand. The United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia have set a goal of controlling 25% or more of the clean hydrogen export market by 2030.

So, what is ‘green’ hydrogen? Green hydrogen (GH2) is being dubbed as the next big stepping stone in the journey towards a successful transition from fossil fuel to fuels that are not killing the planet. What makes green hydrogen special is the fact that not only it can be used to produce climate-neutral fuel and could power hard-to-decarbonise sectors like steel manufacturing, aviation and shipping.

Green hydrogen is a type of hydrogen that is produced through the electrolysis of water using renewable energy sources, such as solar or wind power. The process involves splitting water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen using electricity, with the oxygen being released into the atmosphere and the hydrogen being collected and stored for use as a fuel.

As long as the hydrogen is extracted using renewable energy and not fossil fuels, it produces no CO2 emissions and is considered green. Hydrogen fuel produces about 33.33 kWh of energy per kilogram, while gasoline and CNG only produce 12 kWh/kg and 14.7 kWh/kg, respectively. A kilogram of hydrogen can power a fuel cell vehicle for 100 to 131 kilometre, while a kilogram of gasoline will only get you 16 kilometre.

There are potential uses aplenty for green hydrogen. The usages include but not limited to:

Transportation:  Green hydrogen can be used as a fuel for vehicles, like cars, trains, and even aeroplanes. It can be used in fuel cell vehicles, which use a chemical reaction between hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity, or it can be burned in internal combustion engines. The first fleet of hydrogen fuel cell trains have already started operating in Germany. PLA – Biodegradable – Plastics-Harmful

Hyundai has announced that it will be manufacturing 5,00,000 hydrogen vehicles by 2030. In several European cities, waste collection vehicles are already powered by this technology.

  • Electricity generation: green hydrogen can be used to generate electricity through fuel cells or by burning it in a gas turbine.
  • Heating: Green hydrogen can be used to heat buildings and homes, either by burning it directly or by using it to generate electricity for heating systems.
  • Industrial processes: Green hydrogen can be used in a variety of industrial processes, such as the production of chemicals, metals, and cement.
  • Agriculture: Green hydrogen can be used to power farm machinery and to produce fertilisers.
  • Storage: Green hydrogen can be used as a means of storing excess renewable energy, such as wind and solar power, when it is not being used.
  • Trade: Green hydrogen can be produced in countries with abundant renewable energy resources and then exported to countries that do not have such resources. In February 2022, the first shipment of liquefied hydrogen from Australia to Japan took place. This was a big step toward building an international market for hydrogen. Based on the projects that are being built with the goal of exporting in mind, it is estimated that 12 Mt of hydrogen could be exported every year by 2030, with 2.6 Mt/yr planned to start up by 2026.

Green hydrogen has a long way to go, however. The production of low-emission hydrogen was less than 1 Mt in 2021, practically all of it coming from plants using fossil fuels with carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS)  PLA – Biodegradable – Plastics-Harmful


There are several challenges and limitations to the widespread adoption of green hydrogen as a fuel and energy source. The biggest challenge to the mass adoption of green hydrogen is cost. Currently, the production of green hydrogen is more expensive than the production of hydrogen from fossil fuels.

The high expense of producing GH2 limits its use in industry. For instance, many businesses are hesitant to switch to GH2 despite the fact that the steel and chemical sectors utilise a lot of hydrogen. The current market situation sees more expensive green products competing with more established, less expensive grey alternatives, especially in capital-intensive industries with slim profit margins.

For producers of grey hydrogen using steam methane reforming, with 44kWh of natural gas required for every kilogram of hydrogen produced, costs now sit at $3.30 per kilogram of hydrogen while green hydrogen was $3.80-$5.80/kg before the war in Ukraine. However, as the technology improves and economies of scale are achieved, the cost is expected to decrease.

Green hydrogen production costs should drop to below $2/kg by 2030 if current trends in investment remain steady. PLA – Biodegradable – Plastics-Harmful

There is also currently a lack of infrastructure in place to support the widespread use of green hydrogen as a fuel. This includes a lack of hydrogen fuel stations, hydrogen storage facilities, and hydrogen-compatible vehicles. This is also going to need considerable investment.

According to the Energy Transitions Commission (ETC) decarbonising energy and other industries globally using hydrogen will require investment of almost $15 trillion between now and 2050.

In addition to the 90,000 terawatt hours (TWh) required for decarbonisation in general, the production of green hydrogen will require an additional 30,000 TWh of carbon-free power supply by 2050, according to the ETC.

This will necessitate investments of approximately $15 trillion, peaking at around $800 billion per year in the late 2030s, not only for hydrogen production but also for the electricity supply to handle the large growth in hydrogen use.

Approximately 85 percent of the required investment would be allocated to power generating, while 15 percent would be allocated to electrolysers, hydrogen production facilities, and transport and storage infrastructure. One cost cutting measure that experts suggest might be worth a look is repurposing natural gas pipelines for the transmission of hydrogen. This can cut investment costs 50%-80%, relative to the development of new pipelines. PLA – Biodegradable – Plastics-Harmful

Given the limited capacity and high cost of compressed hydrogen containers, large-scale geological storage will be required for the produced hydrogen. The lowest cost option is storing hydrogen in salt caverns, although doing so would need around 4,000 caverns of the “average” size if 5% of the world’s annual hydrogen consumption in 2050 needed to be stored. For now this is a question mark.

One inherent problem with Hydrogen is the fact that it is a highly flammable gas, and there are concerns about the safety of storing and transporting it.

The process of producing green hydrogen through electrolysis is not 100% energy efficient, as some energy is lost in the process. The existing technology operates at 75% or less efficiency (52.5kWh/kg). On the bright side there are new technologies like Hysata’s capillary-fed electrolyser (CFE) on the horizon that promise an efficiency of up to 95%.

While green hydrogen itself does not produce carbon dioxide emissions when it is burned, the production of green hydrogen does generate some emissions, primarily from the production of electricity used in the electrolysis process.

Green Hydrogen also represents significant opportunities for the global south including countries like Bangladesh. Countries in the Global South are likely to benefit from the new ways to industrialise that a switch to GH2 would open up. This would lead to more jobs and more welfare benefits. PLA – Biodegradable – Plastics-Harmful

In Chile, for instance, auctions have been held to help pay for the first 388 MW of GH2. Colombia’s GH2 strategy includes steps to boost both the country’s export goals and its ability to ship hydrogen to meet expected international demand. It also promotes Colombia as a potential logistics hub in the Caribbean.

The global energy crisis caused by the Ukraine war has led Bangladesh to focus more on green energy and green hydrogen is an important piece of that puzzle.

Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (BCSIR) is already working on Bangladesh’s first hydrogen fuel production plant. Using a technique known as biomass gasification and electrolysis of water, the facility will manufacture hydrogen by turning municipal garbage and water into highly flammable fuel.

The BCSIR has already established one unit of the plant, and the process to establish another is in full motion. Once both units are operational, they will create around 5.8 kg of hydrogen fuel per day. The volume might reach 29 kg if the plants operate continuously.

The Bangladesh Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Association (BHFCA) is an organisation that promotes the development of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies in Bangladesh. The organisation has worked with the Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission to develop a roadmap for the deployment of green hydrogen in the country.

On 27 October 2022, State Minister for Power, Energy and Mineral Resources Nasrul Hamid announced that Bangladesh is going to follow ‘hydrogen policy’ to tackle the power problem which is prevailing in the country. Informing members of the press, “The policy-making works are already underway.” PLA – Biodegradable – Plastics-Harmful


Green hydrogen: The answer to the world's energy woes?

PLA – Biodegradable – Plastics-Harmful

HDPE-Bottles – Textile-fiber – rPET 26-12-2022

Russian-gas – pipeline-blast 21-12-202

Russian-gas – pipeline-blast

-Russian gas flows to Europe unaffected after pipeline blast

Russian gas flows are continuing via alternative links after an explosion occurred at a pipeline that goes to Ukraine for further supplies to Europe.

“Transportation of gas is provided to consumers in full through parallel gas pipelines,” the local unit of Russian gas producer Gazprom PJSC said in a statement.

The explosion happened at a section of the Urengoy-Pomary-Uzhgorod link in Russia’s region of Chuvashia. A fire was extinguished after the incident, which reportedly happened during scheduled maintenance, according to local emergency services.

The Urengoy-Pomary-Uzhgorod is one of the oldest gas conduits linking Russia and Europe through Ukraine. Gas flows via Ukraine are closely watched by the market as it remains the last route delivering Russian fuel to Western Europe amid deteriorated relations over the Kremlin’s war in Ukraine. Russian-gas – pipeline-blast

Dutch front-month gas futures, Europe’s benchmark, briefly surged as much as 6.6% on the explosion reports before erasing those gains. The contract traded 1.6% lower at €106.78 (RM502.23) a megawatt-hour by 3.25pm in Amsterdam, following the statement from Gazprom’s unit.

Gas nominations for Wednesday transit via Ukraine so far remain unchanged, according to the nation’s grid data.


Russian-gas – pipeline-blast

-Two EU officials said only Hungary voted against the price cap.

The Netherlands and Austria abstained. Both had resisted the cap during negotiations, fearing it could disrupt Europe’s energy markets and compromise Europe’s energy security.

Dutch energy minister Rob Jetten said: “Despite progress the last couple of weeks, the market correction mechanism remains potentially unsafe.”

“I remain worried about major disruptions on the European energy market, about the financial implications and, most of all, I am worried about European security of supply,” he added.  Russian-gas – pipeline-blast

The EU proposal has also drawn opposition from some market participants, who have said it could cause financial instability.

The Intercontinental Exchange (ICE) (ICE.N), which hosts TTF trading on its Amsterdam exchange, last week said it could move TTF trading to outside of the EU if the bloc capped prices.

On Monday, it said it will assess whether it can continue to operate fair and orderly markets for TTF gas hub trading. For now, ICE TTF markets will continue trading as normal.

The front month TTF gas price closed trading on Monday 9% lower, at 107 euros/MWh, Refinitiv Eikon data showed. Russian-gas – pipeline-blast

The contract hit a record high of 343 euros in August – a price spike that prompted the EU to move ahead with its price cap.

Italy’s energy authority ARERA expects further increases in gas prices as the winter season kicks in, its President Stefano Besseghini said on Monday. Russian-gas – pipeline-blast

Meanwhile, Russia’s Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said the cap was an attack on market pricing, and unacceptable, Russia’s Interfax news agency reported.

The deal follows months of debate on the idea and two previous emergency meetings that failed to clinch an agreement among EU countries that disagreed on whether a price cap would help or hinder Europe’s attempts to contain the energy crisis.

Roughly 15 countries, including Belgium, Greece and Poland, had demanded a cap below 200 euros/MWh – far lower than the 275 euros/MWh trigger limit originally proposed by the European Commission last month.

Poland’s prime minister said the price cap would end Russia and Gazprom’s ability to distort the market.


Russian-gas - pipeline-blast

Russian-gas – pipeline-blast

Plastic-Recycling – PLA – CO2-emissions 21-12-202

rPET-Bottle – Petrochemicals – Sorting 19-12-202

rPET-Bottle – Petrochemicals – Sorting

rPET Bottle – Petrochemicals – Naphtha

rPET-Bottle - Petrochemicals - Sorting

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

-Freepoint Eco-Systems breaks ground on plastic recycling facility in Ohio

The 260,000-square-foot facility is expected to begin operations in the first half of 2024.

Freepoint Eco-Systems LLC has broken ground on its first commercial-scale advanced plastics recycling facility, located in Hebron, Ohio.

The Houston-based company says the new facility, which received International Sustainability and Carbon Certification (ISCC Plus) in April, will recycle postuse plastics otherwise destined for landfills or incineration. The plant will span 25 acres and utilize an existing 260,000-square-foot warehouse, which the company says will make it one of the largest advanced recycling facilities in the world, capable of recycling 90,000 tons of materials per year.

Freepoint uses pyrolysis technology to convert plastic scrap into feedstock that will be used to make new plastic products. As a result, the company says less plastic scrap is landfilled or incinerated, more oil is left in the ground and the process reduces greenhouse gas emissions by up to 90 percent compared to plastic made from fossil fuels.

The company says it will create 200 construction jobs in Ohio in 2023 to build the facility, as well as 70 full-time circular economy jobs once it begins commercial operations in the first half of 2024.  rPET-Bottle – Petrochemicals – Sorting

“Breaking ground on Freepoint’s flagship facility in Ohio marks the next big step in expanding our advanced recycling footprint in the United States and across the globe,” Freepoint Managing Director Jeff McMahon says. “From construction to the launch of operations and beyond, the facility will have a positive impact both broadly and in the Ohio community through plastic recycling, job creation and greenhouse gas reductions. Ultimately, we are working to contribute to a more sustainable circular economy.”

Freepoint says all recycled plastic feedstock produced at the Hebron facility will be sold to Shell in connection with a long-term supply agreement the two companies signed earlier this year.

Phil Turley, general manager of plastic circularity at Shell, says “I congratulate Freepoint on reaching this exciting milestone. Shell is delighted to be working with Freepoint and to have secured a hundred percent of the pyrolysis oil offtake from the plant that will be used at our Energy and Chemicals Park Norco. The pyrolysis offtake will make a valuable contribution to Shell’s strategy to deliver more of the circular chemicals our customers demand and is a great example of the collaboration needed to grow this value chain.”


rPET-Bottle - Petrochemicals - Sorting

-Thyssenkrupp Uhde selected by CF Industries and Mitsui for blue ammonia project

Thyssenkrupp Uhde has been selected as technology provider for a new “Blue Ammonia” plant in the United States by Mitsui & Co., Ltd. (Mitsui), one of the leading ammonia marketers in the world, and CF Industries Holdings, Inc. (CF), the world’s largest producer of ammonia, said Hydrocarbonprocessing.

The new greenfield facility will produce blue ammonia by leveraging carbon capture and sequestration processes to reduce carbon emissions by more than 60% compared to conventional ammonia. As a first step, thyssenkrupp Uhde will conduct a front-end engineering and design (FEED) study for the proposed joint venture of CF and Mitsui.

The aim is to construct an export-oriented greenfield blue ammonia facility in Ascension Parish, Louisiana, USA. Demand for blue ammonia is expected to grow significantly as a decarbonized energy source, both for its hydrogen content and as a fuel or feedstock itself. CF and Mitsui had previously signed a joint development agreement that provides the framework for the FEED study. rPET-Bottle – Petrochemicals – Sorting

In addition, CF Industries acquired land during the third quarter of 2022 on the west bank of Ascension Parish, Louisiana, on which the proposed facility would be constructed should the companies agree to move forward.

CF Industries and Mitsui expect to make a final investment decision on the proposed facility in the second half of 2023. Construction and commissioning of a new world-scale capacity ammonia plant typically takes approximately 4 years.

Dr. Cord Landsmann, CEO thyssenkrupp Uhde: “We are proud to be chosen once more by our long-term customer to take another big step towards more environmental friendliness. The market clearly moves towards clean ammonia, for energy as well as for fertilizers. Reducing emissions wherever possible is the need of the hour, and we have the solutions and the cross-industry integration competencies.”

thyssenkrupp Uhde has realized several projects for CF, and both parties can look back on decades of successful cooperation. In 2016, major ammonia and urea/UAN production units in Donaldsonville, Louisiana, were completed, and new ammonia and urea units in Port Neal, Iowa.

For both fertilizer complexes thyssenkrupp Uhde was responsible for the basic engineering, detail engineering, procurement and supply services, as well as providing services during construction and commissioning.

Climate protection made simple: emission reduction at large scale thyssenkrupp Uhde has over 100 years of experience in engineering and building of chemical plants, more than 2,500 in total. As a global technology plus EPC provider, integrating various technologies and building complete chemical complexes is part of their track record.

Among the 130 ammonia plants built are some of the largest plants worldwide, frequently setting new industry standards such as the uhde dual pressure technology. Besides the fertilizer industry, thyssenkrupp Uhde is also targeting the clean energy market with its clean ammonia technologies and is also completing the value chain by offering ammonia storage and ammonia cracking solutions being relevant for the transition towards clean energy. rPET-Bottle – Petrochemicals – Sorting

We remind, thyssenkrupp Uhde has won an order from Nippon Coke & Engineering Co., Ltd. (NCE) to build and supply a new low-emission, top-charge coke oven battery in Japan. The new battery will be installed at the Kitakyushu works as a replacement for the existing battery 2A. The design will include thyssenkrupp Uhde’s proprietary EnviBAT system to reduce emissions during the coking process.


rPET-Bottle - Petrochemicals - Sorting

-Stadler sorting plant at work in Japan

Multi-device system is sorting light packaging in Yokosuka, Japan.

Germany-based sorting technology provider Stadler says it has designed a facility to automatically sort light plastic packaging and LIMEX, a new limestone-based material developed and produced by Japan-based TBM Co. Ltd.

“The plant will be part of a collaboration between TBM and the city of Yokosuka to promote the collection and recycling of plastic [scrap] and LIMEX for the entire city and surrounding areas,” says Stader.

TBM and Stadler describe LIMEX as “an effective alternative to plastic and paper that can be used in the production of a wide variety of products, such as packaging, food containers, shopping bags and backlit film.” rPET-Bottle – Petrochemicals – Sorting

The recently developed material is mainly made of limestone and is claimed to have a carbon footprint up to 40 percent smaller than plastic on a life cycle basis (depending on the type of plastic) and uses less water than in paper production.

Once used, LIMEX can be recycled to produce new plastic alternative materials, according to TBM.

As part of its strategy to accelerate the use of LIMEX products, TBM commissioned Stadler to design and install the new sorting plant. The facility uses Stadler technology to separate LIMEX and plastic light packaging. The plastic sorted is recycled into pellets for use in the production of packaging, according to Stadler.

The sorting plant receives bales of light packaging made of plastic materials and LIMEX, and sorts the incoming stream into metals, polypropylene (PP), polyethylene (PE), polystyrene (PS), polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and mixed plastics (converted into refuse-derived fuel, or RDF), a two-dimensional fraction and fines.

The sorted output materials are stored in bunkers, and the PP, PE, PS, PET and mixed plastics for RDF are subsequently fed to a baler. Stadler technology used incudes a double-deck ballistic separator, 2.9-meter-wide (9.5 feet wide) high-speed conveyors and a bunker system, as well as five near-infrared (NIR) optical sorters.

“The plastic material we are processing at the plant is extremely light,” says Ursina Mutzner of Stadler. “When we ran trials with similar materials at our test center in Germany, we saw that the paddles in the double deck ballistic separator needed to be inclined more than the maximum 25 degrees the machine is designed for. So, when we designed the plant, we decided to place the ballistic separator on a slightly sloping steel structure in order to achieve the inclination of the paddles required to ensure the best sorting quality.”

Takuya Sugiyama of TBM comments, “The plant roof is quite low, so there wasn’t much space between the ballistic separator and the ceiling. At first, we thought we might have to remove part of the roof to place the machine, but Stadler’s commissioning team made the installation without any additional work. We at TBM greatly appreciate their effort.”

Takuya says he is impressed by the “European cutting-edge, beautiful design, the simple material flow and high levels of safety standards” of the system. “Every small detail is designed beautifully. Everyone who visits the plant feels the same and gives us positive comments. rPET-Bottle – Petrochemicals – Sorting

his makes us happy to have worked with Stadler.”

When developing the design, Stadler says it conducted tests in Germany and then further tested TBM’s materials at a different Stadler installation in Hyüga, Japan. Says Takuya, “We already had a good feeling about the Stadler plant, but the test gave us confidence on our decision and important evidence of what they could do for us.”

Stadler also provided training to TBM’s operators and says it will continue to support the company as the plant operates. “Our real operation has just started, so that continuous support and communication between Stadler and TBM is very important,” says Takuya.


Stadler sorting plant at work in Japan

-Aramco and TotalEnergies sanction $11bn Saudi petrochemicals project

Construction to begin early next year on Amiral complex

audi Aramco and France’s TotalEnergies have made a final investment decision on an $11 billion Amiral petrochemical facility in Saudi Arabia.

The two players confirmed their FID on Thursday and said the Amiral complex will be owned, operated, and integrated with the existing Satorp refinery in Jubail on Saudi Arabia’s eastern coast.

The Saudi Aramco TotalEnergies Refining and Petrochemical Company (Satorp) is a joint venture of Saudi Aramco holding a 62.5% stake, and TotalEnergies on 37.5%.

“The petrochemical facility will enable Satorp to convert internally produced refinery off-gases and naphtha, as well as ethane and natural gasoline supplied by Aramco, into higher value chemicals, helping to advance Aramco’s liquids to chemicals strategy,” the companies said. rPET-Bottle – Petrochemicals – Sorting

The complex will include a mixed feed cracker capable of producing 1.65 million tonnes per annum of ethylene, the first in the region to be integrated with a refinery, according to a joint statement.

The facility will also include two state-of-the-art polyethylene units using advanced dual loop technology, a butadiene extraction unit, and other associated derivatives units.

An investment totalling $11 billion has been earmarked for the facility, of which $4 billion will be funded through equity by Aramco and TotalEnergies.

“Its construction is scheduled to begin during the first quarter of 2023 with commercial operation targeted to start in 2027,” the statement noted.

Middle East national oil companies are diversifying their oil and gas revenue streams while expanding their energy transition portfolios as countries in the region seek to diversify their oil-dependent economies.

Aramco chief executive Amin Nasser said the Amiral project presents an opportunity for the companies “to showcase the potential for cutting edge liquids-to-chemicals technologies that support the circular economy”.

Patrick Pouyanne, chief executive of TotalEnergies, said the complex “fits with [TotalEnergies’] strategy to expand sustainably in petrochemicals by maximising the synergies within our major platforms”.


Aramco and TotalEnergies sanction $11bn Saudi petrochemicals project

-Amcor opens China’s largest flexible packaging plant, strengthening its position in Asia Pacific

Amcor (NYSE: AMCR) (ASX: AMC), a global leader in responsible packaging solutions, today announced the opening of its new state-of-the-art manufacturing plant in Huizhou, China. With an investment of almost $100 million, the 590,000-square-foot plant is the largest flexible packaging plant by production capacity in China, further strengthening Amcor’s ability to meet growing customer demand throughout Asia Pacific.

The new facility is expected to employ more than 550 people, who will produce flexible packaging solutions for food and personal-care products. The plant comes equipped with the first automated packaging production line in China. This, along with high-speed printing presses, laminators, and bag-making machines, can deliver double-digit reductions in manufacturing cycle times. rPET-Bottle – Petrochemicals – Sorting

Amcor is also deploying the first smart production and operation system in the Chinese flexible packaging industry, which includes smart laser scanners, light curtains, high-standard machine guarding and multiple quality-control points. All key process equipment is also CE-certified to stringent European Union health, safety and environmental requirements. Other benefits of the new state-of-the-art facility are traceability throughout the production cycle, a climate-controlled production environment and low-carbon emission production.

“This investment is testament to our commitment to grow with our customers in China and throughout Asia Pacific by bringing the best of Amcor’s global expertise closer to them,” said Xin She, Vice President and General Manager of Amcor Greater China. “The world-class capabilities of our new plant are designed to enable us to exceed our customers’ expectations of quality, responsiveness and innovation.”

The plant features three labs with innovative testing and analytical capabilities to fully leverage the expertise from the recently opened Amcor Asia Pacific Innovation Center in Jiangyin, China, helping to accelerate the development of responsible packaging solutions. The new Huizhou site also includes a number of sustainability features, including the latest regenerative thermal oxidizers (RTO) system to reduce harmful emissions, as well as a number of energy-reduction, heat-recovery, low-power consumption and rainwater harvesting systems to help reduce its carbon footprint and environmental impact.


Amcor opens China’s largest flexible packaging plant, strengthening its position in Asia Pacific

-US PET recycling rate posted modest increase in 2021

US PET recycling rate posted modest increase in 2021, said Recyclingtoday.

The U.S. recycling rate for postconsumer polyethylene terephthalate (PET) increased to 28.6% in 2021, up from 27.1% in 2020, while the North American rate (U.S., Canada and Mexico) increased to 36.8%, up from 34.2% in 2020, according to a report released by the National Association for PET Container Resources (NAPCOR), Charlotte, North Carolina.

NAPCOR notes a number of first-time achievements in its 2021 PET Recycling Report, including the largest amount of postconsumer PET ever collected, with PET bottle collection in the U.S. exceeding 1.9 billion pounds. Additionally, thermoforms collected for recycling in the U.S. and Canada reached 142 million pounds, setting a new record.

“These rates mark two major milestones in the growth of PET awareness, appreciation, use and reuse,” says Laura Stewart, NAPCOR executive director. “The 2021 increase is a powerful indicator that pandemic-driven disruptions to recycling services are getting back on track. rPET-Bottle – Petrochemicals – Sorting

It is also important to point out that the North American rate is over the 30 percent recycling threshold suggested by the Ellen McArthur Foundation. This is viewed by many industry pundits as the postconsumer benchmark for proving that recycling works in practice and scale across multiple regions representing at least 400 million inhabitants.”

“The rebound in the amount of PET bottles collected in 2021 is encouraging,” says Tom Busard, NAPCOR chairman and chief polymers and recycling officer for Plastipak Packaging Inc., Plymouth, Michigan, and president of Clean Tech, Plastipak’s recycling affiliate. “PET recycling is working, but there is a need to see increased collection to meet both legislated and voluntary recycled content demands of the future.”

Supporting the conclusion that COVID-19 disruptions to PET recycling have been overcome, NAPCOR points to these findings in its report: The volume of PET collected via deposit redemption systems, or bottle bills, increased by 46 percent compared with 2020. For the second consecutive year, more rPET was used in the Food/Beverage and Nonfood/Beverage Bottle categories, surpassing demand in the rPET fiber market in the U.S. and Canada.

Food/Beverage alone took the largest share of rPET consumption.

The U.S. rPET textile fiber industry faced higher prices and more competition for clear rPET in 2021 but still achieved total rPET fiber production of more than 1 billion pounds by sourcing greater volumes of colored rPET flake (57 percent) and greater volumes of postindustrial rPET flake (11 percent) relative to 2019.

Evidence points to a movement toward thermoformed tray-to-tray circularity, with 11 million pounds of PET thermoforms having been used by thermoform converters to produce more of this type of packaging. Also, a record 142 million pounds of PET thermoforms were collected for recycling, 73 percent of which were processed by PET reclaimers in the U.S. and Canada. rPET-Bottle – Petrochemicals – Sorting

We remind, ExxonMobil Corp., Irving, Texas, has announced plans to build its first large-scale postuse plastic advanced recycling facility in Baytown, Texas. The company says it expects to begin operations at the facility by the end of 2022.


US PET recycling rate posted modest increase in 2021

rPET-Bottle – Petrochemicals – Sorting

PET-recycled – Circular-Economy 17-12-202

Russia sanctions – Gas-price 15-12-2022

Russia sanctions – Gas-price

-EU leaders tackle discord over support for industry, Russia sanctions

European Union leaders met on Thursday to try and resolve some of their outstanding disagreements before the year ends, from ways to defend their industry against subsidy-fuelled U.S. competition to new sanctions against Russia and a gas price cap.

In a summit overshadowed by a corruption scandal that emerged in the EU parliament over the past week, leaders were also faced with Poland holding up a deal on minimum corporate tax and, by extension, an 18 billion euro loan to Ukraine.

After Belgian prosecutors charged Eva Kaili, a Greek member of the EU chamber, and three others for accepting bribes from World Cup host Qatar, European Parliament chief Roberta Metsola said the assembly “is not for sale”. Russia sanctions – Gas-price

She said the house would have an in-depth review of how it deals with third countries and would reinforce whistleblower systems. Qatar and Kaili have denied any wrongdoing.

The EU leaders’ meeting in Brussels then turned to seeking a joint response to the U.S. Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) – $430 billion worth of tax breaks for green energy.

UK announces new sanctions against Russia and Iran

Poorer EU countries want a coordinated response and warned richer member states like Germany against supporting their industries without showing solidarity with the rest of the bloc.

“We are in Europe at a point when we risk being deindustrialised, and today our answer is not a common answer,” Belgian Prime Minister Alexander De Croo said.

“Today we see that too often countries are trying to install schemes on their own. It looks a bit like a game of the deepest pocket.”

No deal is expected on Thursday, but the leaders are set to ask the EU’s executive Commission to make proposals early next year to prop up the bloc’s industry.

Commission President Ursula von der Leyen has proposed loosening state aid restrictions in renewable energy and clean-tech because the IRA could lead to unfair U.S. competition.

“We need to give our answer, our European IRA,” she said.

Fighting rages in east Ukraine, West eyes more sanctions on Russia

Different approaches over how to defend industry come at the end of a year when the EU closed ranks to support Ukraine after Russia’s invasion, but often struggled to agree how much pressure to put on Moscow, including through economic sanctions.

Russia sanctions

While the EU’s response to IRA will be shelved for a later summit, leaders will make another push at agreeing on a ninth package of Russia sanctions.

Any decision requires unanimity and the EU’s Russia hawks Poland and Lithuania have warned proposed exceptions for food security might in fact benefit Russian oligarchs in the fertilizer business. Russia sanctions – Gas-price

Lithuanian President Gitanas Nauseda said it was important to keep the sanctions as strong as possible. “We are a little bit concerned with attempts to weaken the sanctions under the cover of food security,” he said.

Ukraine urges EU to sanction Russia’s missile industry

The leaders are not expected to hold in-depth talks on the EU’s struggle to agree a natural gas price cap, but rather ask their ministers to “urgently finalise” the work when they meet again on Monday, the draft of the summit conclusions said.

Separately, Poland was holding up the EU’s formal adoption of a minimum corporate tax for large companies and, by extension, also blocking a whole package of other deals, including financing for Ukraine in 2023.

Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki said his country was subject to “blackmail” by its EU counterparts pushing to accept the package as a whole.


Russia sanctions - Gas-price

Russia sanctions – Gas-price

Chemical-recycling – Bioethanol 15-12-2022

Recycled – Plastic – H2 07-12-2022

Recycled – Plastic – H2

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Toray to sell recycled products made from fishing net

Toray Industries, Inc. announced that starting in March 2023, it will start selling yarns, fabrics, and other items made from nylon 6 chemically recycled fiber (N6CR) in Japan. These products will utilize Refineverse Group, Inc.’s recycled plastics and other materials, which are made from salvaged fishing nets, along with Toray’s depolymerization and repolymerization technology.

Toray anticipates that sales of N6CR products will increase from roughly 800 million yen on March 31, 2023, to 1.2 billion yen on March 31, 2025.

At its Nagoya Plant, Toray installed a new production system this year that can recognize virgin raw materials derived from fossil sources. This system includes a facility for recycling lactam storage tanks and resin made from recovered fishing nets. This setup will speed efforts to build a sophisticated fiber-to-fiber recycling business and contribute to a circular economy by recycling nylon 6 fiber products.

Environmental, social, and governance issues are of growing interest to people all around the world. Eco-friendly clothing products and materials are becoming more and more popular. Demand for moving away from petrochemical feedstocks and for resource conservation is growing rapidly in industrial applications.

With the help of its new N6CR plant, Toray will be able to overcome technological obstacles and expand its selection of nylon fibers for clothing that are high-performing and valuable.

The company aims to increase sales of eco-friendly, lightweight materials for legwear, innerwear, and sports and outdoor wear.

Automotive components, ropes, fishing nets, carpets, and other materials used in general industry are typical uses for industrial nylon fiber. Toray’s initiative will encourage the use of sustainable resources and reduce environmental impacts across a range of industrial industries.

By working with clients on projects to sell goods containing its N6CR materials, Toray will grow its advanced fiber to fiber recycling business. These initiatives will be in line with the business’s dedication to developing concepts, tools, and goods that provide value.

To assist the world manage resources sustainably by 2050 is one of the objectives of the Toray Group Sustainability Vision.


Recycled - Plastic - H2

-Circularise, partners complete ISCC test project 

Striding towards digitised certification

A pilot run by Circularise and ten partners, including Covestro, has been successfully completed, the companies have announced.  The project, which tested the feasibility of using a blockchain system to complement the ISCC Plus certification process, was the first time ten companies from the chemical industry and their various downstream sectors worked together to test whether such a digital system could bridge the inter-company gap in the sustainability certification process across value chains.
The idea behind the pilot was to examine whether Circularise’s blockchain-based digital system could make the auditing required for ISCC certification more efficient. As well the partners sought to strengthen the integrity of certified data.

“Certification will become more digital in the future. It will allow certification schemes to simplify the auditing process of supply chain actors and reduce the risk of mistakes. Companies will have an easier way to show compliance and adhere to auditing rules,” said Jan Henke from ISCC.

The participants used a public blockchain that enabled the authentication, accessibility, decentralisation, and encryption of data verifying material flows and related sustainability attributes.

ISCC certification of individual operators sites across the value chain guarantees the traceability and verification of data. This requires site-specific audits, certification, and company-specific mass balance calculations to provide reassurance about the sustainable content.
For the purpose of the pilot, the data was uploaded to the Circularise software system to improve mass balance bookkeeping and reporting along the value chain through several companies.

“We are excited to have tested Circularise’s traceability software on ISCC procedures,” said ISCC’s Henke. Using the software will also help to familiarise the value chain with ISCC and mass balance approach.
Mass balancing is an emerging concept, not yet fully understood on the consumer side. The delivery of digital certified information through a simple and compatible system can give downstream partners an easier and more recognised tool to communicate and share sustainability attributes externally, all the way down to the consumer.
Covestro joined the ISCC pilot to understand how they can more efficiently communicate their sustainability information to their downstream partners. The company is committed to becoming fully circular and is striving to become climate neutral by 2035 (scope 1 and 2).

“In the ISCC pilot we have shown now how we can easily attach certifications that can be digitally carried all the way through the value chain from Covestro to our downstream partners and finally to OEMs and beyond,” explained John Fox from the Digital R&D area at Covestro.


Recycled - Plastic - H2

-RadiciGroup, Save The Duck and Vibram – For a sustainable fashion, it takes “Anima”

RadiciGroup, Save The Duck and Vibram present the circular backpack that stands out for its style and high performance
The 3 major brands in the Italian textile/clothing and footwear supply chain have teamed up to create a new fashion accessory with recycled materials that can be recycled at the end of their life.
An eco-design pilot project born within the “Monitor for Circular Fashion” initiative of SDA Bocconi, which concretely demonstrates how the world of fashion can be sustainable

This innovative backpack is bi-material: it is in fact composed of fabric made of RENYCLE, a yarn produced by RadiciGroup and 100% derived from the mechanical recycling of polyamide (nylon), which allows significant savings in terms of energy use (-87.4% ), CO2 emissions (-89.3%) and water consumption (-90.4%) and which is GRS certified and compliant with Oeko-tex standard 100 for responsible production; the rubber parts, such as the bottom for example, are made from recycled industrial waste from the Vibram plant in Albizzate, certified according to ISO standards.

Recycled - Plastic - H2

RadiciGroup, Save The Duck and Vibram – Anima

Thanks to great teamwork between RadiciGroup, Save The Duck and Vibram, Anima can be easily disassembled and significantly simplifies the recycling of the accessory at the end of its life: the fabric part can be transformed into a new polymeric material that can be used in any sector that involves the use of high-performance polyamides; while the rubber part is easily transformed into a new accessory: a case.

The nylon composition, due to the nature of this material, also allows “Anima” to have a significantly lower weight than traditional backpacks and an extremely small footprint.

It is possible to create a backpack that is completely sustainable, innovative, resistant and at the same time a fashion item, and this has been demonstrated by three Italian excellences that have sustainability among their values: RadiciGroup, a company born in Bergamo, today a world leader in chemicals, technopolymers and advanced textile solutions, Save The Duck, an Italian brand specializing in 100% animal cruelty free outerwear, and Vibram, a leading brand in the production and marketing of high performance soles. The three companies met as part of the Community for a circular fashion of SDA Bocconi School of Management, and collaborated by pooling their skills, giving life to the “Anima” accessory.

This backpack was created to be used in your free time, but also for work or travel, thanks to a dynamic structure that adapts to the contents and to any occasion. The body of the backpack is in fact made of rip-stop, a nylon fabric produced with a woven technology, widely used in the fashion world, which, together with a linear and elegant design, and softness to the touch, gives this accessory a very strong fashion lapel. Furthermore, this fabric has the ability to resist tearing, foldability and comfort as its main characteristics, and for this reason it is also suitable for use outside the city. The backpack is completed by a removable laptop holder, making it an ideal accessory for professionals and students as well. The result is a durable and extremely versatile backpack.

The RadiciGroup, Save The Duck and Vibram backpack therefore represents a new concrete solution of circularity in the fashion world and is proof that it is feasible to create textile and clothing solutions in a sustainable way through collaboration between companies in the supply chain.

«RadiciGroup has made circularity the keyword of its business strategy, in all the sectors it addresses, in particular fashion and clothing, committing itself to creating durable, recyclable, high-performance and quality products.

We believe that achieving sustainability in the textile world is possible, starting upstream in the supply chain to select the right materials and designing in eco-design with other partners in the fashion industry to allow for the creation of products that can be recycled at the end of their life. For this reason, about two years ago, by making our know-how in materials and our experience in recovery available, we decided to become part of the “Monitor for Circular Fashion” initiative of SDA Bocconi, where we met Save The Duck and Vibram. “Anima” was born from the continuous and synergistic collaboration with these two excellent brands, a backpack that is an expression of circular fashion, but also of design and high performance», commented Chiara Ferraris, Head of Communication and External Relation Manager of RadiciGroup.

Recycled - Plastic - H2

RadiciGroup, Save The Duck and Vibram – Anima

-Meloni says Italy can lead in EU-Africa cooperation

Italy can lead the say in countering extremist radicalism and promoting collaboration and growth between the European Union and African nations, Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni said in Rome over the weekend.

During the two-day (Med)iterranean Dialogues in Rome, Meloni presented her plan dubbed the ‘Mattei plan’ for Africa – named after late Eni founder Enrico Mattei who negotiated fairer and more cooperative partnerships with oil hosting countries that were seen as a direct challenge to arrangements usually negotiated by major oil companies.

Italy will adopt a “non-predatory but collaborative posture” with regard to the African market that mimics Mattei’s approach, Meloni said at the conference.

Before becoming prime minister, Meloni had fiercely attacked France for its predatory policies in Africa:

“Vile are those like France who continue to exploit Africa by printing money for 14 African nations on which they apply seigniorage, making children work in the mines, extracting raw materials as in Niger.

Africa is running away from you (…) and the solution is to free Africa from certain Europeans,” she said at the time.

The Mediterranean divides but also unites the EU and Africa, she said at the conference, adding that stability and security in this area is “the precondition for the economic and social development” of European and African nations.

The Italian government’s “most urgent” foreign policy and national and security priorities include “the full and lasting stabilisation of Libya” and taking a leading position in countering the spread of “extremist radicalism” in the sub-Saharan area.

“Italy is and can be much more a natural hinge and energy bridge between the Mediterranean and Europe”, Meloni concluded.

Faced with a migration crisis and increasing pressure to accommodate migrants, mostly coming from North Africa, it is likely Meloni is also keen to stem much of the flow at the source.


Meloni says Italy can lead in EU-Africa cooperation

-What’s Happening with Chemical Recycling for Plastic Packaging?

New report identifies which technologies are likely to be best used moving forward, as sustainability in plastic packaging continues to be a hot-button issue with brands and environmentalists.

While still in its infancy, chemical recycling aka advanced recycling for plastics saw significant activity in 2022, with numerous announcements about strategic partnerships, projects, investments, and new products.

According to the new report “Chemical Recycling and Dissolution of Plastics 2023-2033” from IDTechEx, “There is a beneficial role for these processes, although perhaps overstated by many. The tailwinds are so great that significant mid-term growth is inevitable though still modest relative to the full scale of the annual plastic waste production.”

Announcements in 2022 include:

  • Eastman is spending up to US$1 billion on a polyester depolymerization plant;
  • Carbios has closed agreements with On, Patagonia, PUMA, and Salomon — and is reportedly working on its first industrial enzymatic depolymerization plant in partnership with Indorama;
  • Encina is investing US$1.1 billion in a new pyrolysis plant;
  • Plastic Energy is moving ahead to commercialize projects with TotalEnergies, INEOS, LyondellBasell, and Qenos;
  • Honeywell has a strategic agreement with TotalEnergies and a joint venture with Avangard.

The four chemical or advanced recycling technologies for plastics expected to see growth in the next six years are (in order of volume, according to the report):

  1. Pyrolysis.
  2. Depolymerization.
  3. Solvent extraction.
  4. Hydrothermal.

Regulations — which have “ramped up” in the US — may temper the rate of technology development and acceptance, though. According to the IDTechEx report, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has received more than 100 letters from lawmakers and environmental groups concerning how chemical recycling is regulated.


What’s Happening with Chemical Recycling for Plastic Packaging?

-Valérius 360 & Trützschler develops high-quality recycled yarn

Portuguese textile supplier, Valérius 360 has partnered with German spinning technology company Trützschler to produce high-quality recycled yarn – opening up the massive potential to drive measurable progress toward a circular and sustainable textile industry.

In 2017, Valérius 360 was established in Portugal. It creates yarn by recycling byproducts of its own spinning and knitting operations, which keeps more material in the economic cycle for longer, reduces waste, and significantly improves sustainability. With the ambitious goal of improving the quality of yarn made from recovered waste fiber, its specialists recently started a new initiative. But there are a number of challenges in processing recycled fibers. For instance, the fiber quality decreases when fabrics are opened up to the tuft.

Trützschler supports spinners with applications involving recovered waste fibers thanks to its cutting-edge technologies and extensive knowledge. Their professionals are highly knowledgeable about the crucial impact that fiber and spinning preparatory steps have on the final yarn’s quality. We looked at ways to help Valérius 360’s project succeed in collaboration with them.

But there are a number of challenges in processing recycled fibers. For instance, the fiber quality decreases when fabrics are opened up to the tuft.

Trützschler supports spinners with applications involving recovered waste fibers thanks to its cutting-edge technologies and extensive knowledge. Their professionals are highly knowledgeable about the crucial impact that fiber and spinning preparatory steps have on the final yarn’s quality. They looked at ways to help Valérius 360’s project succeed in collaboration with them.

The Valérius 360 team was looking for ways to enhance the production of yarns that were 50% recycled and 50% virgin cotton. It was specifically looking for methods to lessen thick and thin patches, which interfere with the aesthetic of the textile surface.

The company conducted specialized tests at the Trützschler Technical Center in Mönchengladbach that demonstrated the superiority of a direct spinning process for this application over a procedure with a draw frame passage for rotor yarns.

In direct spinning, the card’s sliver is drawn straight into the draw frame that is built into the can stock. Compared to employing an autoleveller draw frame, this requires one fewer process step, saves space, and gives staff more time for other operations.

The ability of direct spinning to decrease the quantity of flaws in the yarn was evident. Thus, the yarn breaks were 30% less frequent and the Total IPI was 38% less frequent. Energy usage is also positively impacted by the direct spinning process: For a medium-sized plant, direct spinning provides a 5% potential savings advantage over the method with a draw frame passage. Savings of more than 5,000 euros per year are possible at an energy cost of 0.20 euros per kW.

Additionally, the Trützschler Customer Service division provided in-house training for the Valérius 360 team. Together, they looked at the process at the Valérius 360 production facility and made major improvements.

This makes it easier to reach the 50% Usterstatistics threshold for yarns derived from recycled raw materials.

This serves as the benchmark for yarns produced from virgin raw materials. Therefore, 50% of all yarn manufacturers who use raw cotton for rotor yarns and yarn counts that are comparable create yarn of worse quality.

Trützschler is steadfastly committed to assisting its clients in the transition to a textile industry that is more environmentally friendly. This case study demonstrates how customers can use preparation systems from Trützschler to enhance the processing of recycled materials. This includes fiber preparation plant innovations like T-Blend and the TC 19iR. Additionally, it covers spinning preparatory ideas such as direct spinning using Trützschler’s distinctive IDF. This includes fiber preparation plant innovations like T-Blend and the TC 19iR. Additionally, it covers spinning preparatory ideas such as direct spinning using Trützschler’s distinctive IDF. Because quality is determined at the preparation stage, these cutting-edge solutions assist customers in utilizing the maximum potential of the material they are processing.

Miklós Pál Nagy, Manager at Valérius 360, said that they feel that right now the fashion industry is in a position to actively play a pioneering role in healing the environment and so recovering humanity, and they want to make their contribution to that.


Valérius 360 & Trützschler develops high-quality recycled yarn

-Cepsa to invest 3 billion Euros in Andalusia to build the largest green hydrogen hub in Europe

The project will be accompanied by an additional investment of 2 billion euros to develop a 3 GW portfolio of wind and solar power projects to generate renewable electricity

Cepsa will generate 10,000 jobs including direct, indirect, and induced to start up two new plants with total capacity of 2 GW producing up to 300,000 tons of green hydrogen at two new plants in Campo de Gibraltar (Cádiz) and Palos de la Frontera (Huelva)

The Andalusian Green Hydrogen Valley will help decarbonize industry and heavy land, air, and maritime transport, reducing CO2 emissions by six million tons

The project, presented today at an event attended by Spanish government officials and Cepsa’s CEO, among other authorities, will strengthen Spain’s ambition to lead the energy transition and guarantee an independent energy supply for Europe

Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez said: “This investment will help Spain achieve its goal to become an energy exporting country, with the first European green hydrogen corridor between the Campo de Gibraltar and the Dutch Port of Rotterdam. Andalusia has everything it takes to become one of the most competitive regions in the world for hydrogen production.”

Juan Manuel Moreno Bonilla, President of the Regional Government of Andalusia said: “We are talking about the great energy source of the future, which can decarbonize industry, mobility and households.

Andalusia has the position and strength to lead in the generation and export of green hydrogen, and public-private collaboration can strengthen our position in the production of this clean energy vector. That is why we are setting up an Andalusian Green Hydrogen Alliance in which the Administration and all interested parties will participate.”

Cepsa CEO Maarten Wetselaar said: “The Andalusian Green Hydrogen Valley is a groundbreaking project whose 2 GW capacity is 10 times bigger than the largest under construction in Europe today. The project produces green hydrogen at scale that can decarbonize industry, aviation, and heavy road and maritime transport in Europe for Europe.”

Cepsa has also signed an agreement with the Port of Rotterdam to create the first green hydrogen corridor between southern and northern Europe, allowing the export of green ammonia and methanol

This is the biggest milestone Cepsa has achieved thus far as part of the development of its Positive Motion strategy and represents 50% of the green hydrogen production planned by the Government for the whole of Spain by 2030

Cepsa, the leading company in Andalusia by sales volume, will invest more than 3 billion euros to establish the Andalusian Green Hydrogen Valley, creating the largest green hydrogen hub in Europe in southern Spain. The project, part of Cepsa’s 2030 strategy Positive Motion, will contribute to Europe’s energy security and independence, in line with the objectives of the European Union’s REPowerEU strategy. The investment is the biggest milestone to date of Cepsa’s Positive Motion energy transition plan to lead sustainable mobility and the production of green hydrogen and advanced biofuels in Spain and Portugal this decade.

The company will build two plants with a total capacity of 2 GW to produce green hydrogen. The plants, with 1 GW of capacity each, will be located in Palos de la Frontera (Huelva) next to Cepsa’s La Rábida Energy Park and at the company’s San Roque Energy Park in Cádiz. The Huelva plant will start up in 2026, reaching full capacity in 2028, while the Cádiz facility will be operational in 2027. Cepsa is already working on the engineering and administrative processing of the project.

To generate the renewable electricity needed to feed production of green hydrogen, Cepsa will develop a 3GW portfolio of wind and solar energy projects with an additional 2 billion euro investment.

The company will also collaborate with other renewable energy producers in Andalusia and the rest of Spain to promote the integration of these new plants into the electricity system.

During the presentation of this hub, held this morning at the San Roque Energy Park, Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez said: “This investment will help Spain achieve its goal to become an energy exporting country, with the first European green hydrogen corridor between the Campo de Gibraltar and the Dutch Port of Rotterdam. Andalusia has everything it takes to become one of the most competitive regions in the world for hydrogen production.”

Juan Manuel Moreno Bonilla, President of the Regional Government of Andalusia, noted that: “We are talking about the great energy source of the future, which can decarbonize industry, mobility, and households. Andalusia has the position and strength to lead in the generation and export of green hydrogen, and public-private collaboration can strengthen our position in the production of this clean energy vector. That is why we are setting up an Andalusian Green Hydrogen Alliance in which the Administration and all interested parties will participate.”

“The Andalusian Green Hydrogen Valley is a groundbreaking project whose 2 GW capacity is 10 times bigger than the largest under construction in Europe today. This project produces green hydrogen at scale that can decarbonize industry, aviation, and heavy road and maritime transport in Europe, for Europe.”

Maarten Wetselaar – CEO of Cepsa

Juan Carlos Ruiz Boix, mayor of San Roque, Roel Nieuwenkamp, ambassador of the Netherlands in Spain, Gerardo Landaluce and Pilar Miranda, presidents of the Ports of Algeciras and Huelva, and Nico Van Dooren, director of new business at the Port of Rotterdam, also participated in the event alongside other authorities and energy sector representatives.

The Andalusian Green Hydrogen Valley will produce 300,000 tons of green hydrogen per year, driving the decarbonization of Cepsa’s Energy Parks where it will produce advanced biofuels for aviation (SAF), and maritime and heavy land transport. Hydrogen will be particularly important for the production of by-products such as green ammonia and methanol, which will ensure that green marine fuels will be available in the main Spanish ports, helping to decarbonize maritime sector customers.

Implementing this project will save six million tons of CO2 emissions per year. Aside from replacing grey hydrogen in industrial processes, green hydrogen will also have a multiplier effect when used in the production of renewable fuels that will replace traditional fossil fuels.

Andalusia, a world benchmark for green hydrogen

Through this initiative, Cepsa strengthens its commitment to Andalusia, a key region of its Positive Motion plan. The region, already a leader in renewable energy production, now has the potential to become a leader in the production of green molecules such as green hydrogen, advanced biofuels, and synthetic fuels from renewable sources, such as green ammonia and methanol.

The region has everything it takes to become one of the most competitive and efficient places in the world for green hydrogen production. Currently, 40% of the hydrogen produced in Spain is consumed in this autonomous community with a substantial industrial base, making San Roque and Palos de la Frontera privileged locations for the development of large-scale projects. It also has one of the highest wind and solar photovoltaic power generation and production capacity in Europe, and at the lowest cost.

Developing this project will guarantee the future of industrial employment in Andalusia, generating 10,000 jobs, including direct, indirect, and induced. Of these, 1,000 will be direct employment opportunities. The company will work on training new job skills through its own training centers at its Energy Parks, as well as through its partnerships with different universities in the area.

Andalusia has world-class port infrastructure, connected to the main ports of Europe and the world. The ports of Algeciras and Huelva are two key locations on the export and maritime traffic routes both to northern Europe and to Asia and Africa. Establishing the Andalusian Green Hydrogen Valley will position Andalusian ports as global leaders in international green hydrogen corridors and in the supply of new sustainable fuels for maritime transport.

In this regard, Cepsa has recently reached an agreement with the Port of Rotterdam to create the first green hydrogen corridor linking northern and southern Europe.

This project will also boost the economic activity of more than 400 SMEs in the area and act as a mobilizing project to attract new industry and investment from other links in the hydrogen value chain, such as electrolyzer factories, green fertilizer plants, or hydrogen transport technology. Cepsa’s objective is to promote partnerships and collaborations to improve the competitiveness of Andalusia’s important industrial centers through the supply of affordable, accessible, safe, and available energy.

Working towards SDGs

The Andalusian Green Hydrogen Valley contributes to several of the 2030 Agenda’s Sustainable Development Goals: SDG 7 (Affordable and clean energy), SDG 8 (Decent work and economic growth), SDG 12 (Responsible production and consumption), and SDG 13 (Climate action).

Spain, a global leader in green hydrogen

Due to the abundance of sun and wind in the Iberian Peninsula, the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) estimates that green hydrogen in Spain will be cheaper than grey hydrogen in 2026, second only to China, Brazil and India. It also expects Spain to become a net exporter of renewable hydrogen. Twenty percent of all projects worldwide are located in Spain.

The Hydrogen Roadmap, designed by the Spanish Government with a 8.9 billion euro investment, sets targets for 2030 of 4,000 MW of electrolyzer power, with 25% of industrial consumption, 5,000 to 7,000 light and heavy vehicles and two commercial train lines powered by renewable hydrogen, as well as 150 to 200 hydro generators for public use.

In addition, as part of the Recovery Plan’s transformational drive, the Strategic Project for Economic Recovery and Transformation of Renewable Energies, Renewable Hydrogen and Storage (PERTE ERHA) allocates 1.55 billion euros to green hydrogen.


Cepsa to invest 3 billion Euros in Andalusia to build the largest green hydrogen hub in Europe

Recycled – Plastic – H2

Oil – Plastic – Economy 06-12-2022

Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile 01-12-2022

Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Production cutbacks leading to better market balance

In October, European standard thermoplastics prices presented a mixed picture, both between the various product types and within the same product class.

L/LDPE producers initially targeted price increases of up to €150/tonne, despite a €45/tonne reduction in ethylene costs. Weak demand and competitively-priced imports however meant that LDPE prices fell slightly while LLDPE prices, which did not face such strong competition from cheaper imported material, increased by €20-30/tonne. Polypropylene prices traded downward across the board even though propylene costs had fallen by €50/tonne.

Polystyrene prices continued to fall in October even though the styrene monomer reference price increased by €9/tonne. PVC prices fell as a result of low demand and a growing inflow of cheaper imports. Bottle-grade PET contract prices also fell sharply in October as a result of aggressive import prices, lower costs and weak demand.

Low demand

Purchasing activity remained well below normal levels across most product classes in October. Converters were concerned about the deteriorating economic situation and worries about a possible recession. Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

European converters are also increasingly looking to meet more of their needs with cheaper imported material. Import prices are more competitive as a result of falling freight rates out of Asia, which are now at their lowest since 2020.

Packaging and pharmaceuticals demand held up fairly well last month, but demand from other sectors such as construction, consumer goods and furniture, is declining.

Supply better balanced

European producers have trimmed production and brought forward plant maintenance programmes in response to the low demand. There is however sufficient material available to meet the needs of converters. Supply has also been supported by a steady inflow of imported material. The high European prices and lower freight rates are tempting producers to divert more of their cargoes to Europe.

A summary of the latest production issues is presented below:

  • The 350,000tonnes/year LDPE plant in Ruwais, Abu Dhabi run by Borouge is expected to resume operations by end-2022;
  • Indorama Ventures declared force majeure on production of PTA and PET in Rotterdam, the Netherlands on 18 October;
  • TotalEnergies declared force majeure for PP throughout Europe after encountering “technical problems” at its two large Belgian polypropylene plants in Feluy
  • The LyondellBasell cracker in Berre, France, offline since a fire in August 2022, will not go back onstream until early 2023;
  • Major maintenance work on the OMV cracker in Burghausen, Germany is complete, and the plant is being gradually restarted;
  • Anwil SA resumed operations at its S-PVC facility in Poland on 21 October following a maintenance shutdown.

November outlook

In November, polymer markets are close to balance and there is now limited potential for major price development, despite higher feedstock costs. Production rates have been trimmed across all standard thermoplastic classes, which has reduced material availability, more into line with the low demand levels.  Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

Polyethylene prices are likely to either move sideways or decline slightly, despite a €35/tonne rise in ethylene costs. PP prices are expected to show limited movement, even though the propylene reference price increased by €20/tonne.

Low demand is expected to lead to a reduction in PVC base material and rigid S-PVC compound prices with stable plasticiser prices limiting any reduction to flexible S-PVC prices.

Subdued sales will likely lead to lower polystyrene prices, despite a small rise for the styrene monomer reference price. PET prices will be under further pressure as a result of ongoing demands weakness, a reduction in feedstock costs and competitively-priced imports.


In October, European L/LDPE producers called for a €150/tonne price hike, including a surcharge to cover higher energy costs. The €45/tonne reversal for the ethylene reference price settlement, however, and weak demand, made such price calls unrealistic. LDPE prices fell by €20/tonne while LLDPE prices, which did not face such strong competition from cheaper imported material, increased by €20-30/tonne.

L/LDPE demand remained well below normal with converters concerned about the deteriorating economic situation and worries about a possible recession. European producers have also trimmed production in response to the low demand. Material availability was also been impacted by strikes in France.

The €35/tonne increase for the November ethylene reference price is unlikely to lead to a significant L/LDPE price rise this month. While production is down, demand is weak and energy costs have been falling. Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile


At the beginning of October European HDPE producers called for price increases of €100/tonne, including a portion to cover higher energy costs. However, purchasing activity was simply too weak for HDPE grades to sustain such a large price hike. The €45/tonne fall in the October ethylene reference price also restrained producers’ planned price hikes.

Blown film and injection moulding products actually gained €20-30/tonne as significant reduction in production led to material shortfalls. Blow moulding prices remained largely unchanged.

HDPE demand remained well below normal with converters concerned about the deteriorating economic situation and worries about a possible recession.

In November, weak demand is expected to drive down blow moulding and injection moulding prices despite the €35/tonne rise in the ethylene reference price. Blown film prices, on the other hand,  are expected to show limited movement.


European polypropylene producers initially tabled planned price hikes of €50-100/tonne after five straight months of price rebates. The planned price hikes however were unattainable in practice given the prevailing low demand and a reduction of €50/tonne in the propylene reference price. By end-October, settlements varied from a decrease of €20-30/tonne for homopolymer film to decrease of €50/tonne for homopolymer injection and copolymer injection.

PP demand remains at a low level with converters buying tentatively. PP producers have trimmed back production run rates by 20-30% in recent months in an effort to achieve better market balance. Material availability has also been disrupted by strikes and planned and unplanned plant shutdowns.

PP prices are set for limited movement in November. Lower energy costs and low demand are likely to counterbalance the €20/tonne increase in the propylene reference price.


In October, PVC prices fell as a result of subdued demand, competitively-priced imports and the lower ethylene reference price settlement. Base PVC prices dropped by €70/tonne to hit a new year-low. Rigid S-PVC compound prices also slipped by €70/tonne while flexible S-PVC compound prices dipped by only €40/tonne as plasticiser prices ticked upward. Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

Producers have reduced run rates in order to achieve a better demand-supply balance. However, caustic soda, a bi-product of PVC production, has seen prices soaring in recent months, which could encourage PVC producers to ramp up production. Purchasing activity slowed further in October across all end use markets, with the exception of pharmaceuticals.

In November, low demand is expected to lead to a reduction in PVC base material and rigid S-PVC compound prices with stable plasticiser prices limiting any reduction to flexible S-PVC compound prices.


Polystyrene prices dropped again in October despite a €9/tonne rise in the styrene monomer reference price. Producers took into consideration a reduction in energy costs and low demand. General-purpose polystyrene (GPPS) prices fell by €60/tonne with high-impact polystyrene (HIPS) prices down by €50/tonne.

PS supply is more than adequate to meet the subdued levels of demand despite production cutbacks and the declaration of force majeure by a major producer at a site in France. Demand has fallen due to growing concerns about an economic downturn and inflation. While packaging demand has held up fairly well, purchasing activity from other end-use sectors such as consumer goods and furniture, is declining.

Weak demand is leading to a slight softening in PS prices in thin early November trading, despite a small (€4/tonne) increase in the styrene monomer reference price.


Bottle-grade PET contract prices declined by €80/tonne in October as a result of competition form aggressive-priced imports, lower feedstock costs and weak demand.

European PET producers are under growing pressure from very competitive import offers, mainly from Vietnam, India, South Korea and China. Import prices are more competitive as a result of falling freight rates out of Asia, which are now at their lowest level since 2020. PET demand for local product remains low as European converters are increasingly meeting more of their needs with cheaper Asia material. Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

PET producers, who are stuck between higher costs and weaker consumption, have lowered run rates or have brought forward maintenance shutdowns to curb supply.

PET prices are set to fall further in November as a result of ongoing demands weakness, a reduction in feedstock costs and competitively-priced imports.


Automotive-carpets - Nylon-textile

-Mogul to install new bicomponent PET line

Nonwovens manufacturer Mogul is increasing its production of bicomponent PET spunbond fabric with a new line schedule to start up in the third quarter of 2023.

The new line will have same core/sheath tiptrilobal filament cross section type configuration as first line but will provide some improvements and additional features compared to the company’s first line.

The new bicomponent PET line will provide area thermal bonded, flatbonded fabrics in round and tiptrilobal filament shapes in low denier, with an estimated weight range of 17-180 grams and line width of 365 cm (144’ ins). Capacity is around 6000 m tonnes/year.

Mogul PET bi-co fabrics are sold under Buffalo brand. As one of key players in PET spunbond segment Mogul also runs two mono PET spunbond lines with point and flatbond as well as round and trilobal section filaments sold under the Mopet brand.

The new line will mainly provide fabrics for hi-tech applications such as filtration, automotive, composites and home care.


Automotive-carpets - Nylon-textile

-Full circle on automotive carpets

Autoneum says it is opening up new opportunities for vehicle manufacturers to meet their ambitious sustainability targets with the launch of a fully recyclable carpet made of 100% polyester.

Automotive carpets are typically multi-layered systems that can be challenging to recycle. This latest development from Autoneum, however, is fully recyclable, paving the way for an improved and more sustainable end-of-life recycling of electric vehicles. In addition, the high content of recycled PET as well as the zero waste and less energy-intensive production process further improve the carbon footprint of Autoneum’s new monomaterial needlepunch and tufted carpets.Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

In light of ever more stringent emissions regulations towards a greener and electrified mobility, vehicle manufacturers are placing increasing importance on the sustainability performance of individual components across the entire product life cycle. Autoneum’s new environmentally friendly carpet systems feature a high content of recycled raw materials. Their zero waste and latex-free manufacturing process also significantly reduces CO2 emissions as well as water and energy consumption.

Additionally, by offering a fully recyclable carpet system, Autoneum is already supporting customers in an area whose importance for an improved sustainability performance of cars will increase even further in future: the end-of-life recycling of electric vehicles.

While the interior of cars with combustion engines is usually shredded together with other parts, making the reclaiming of textile products such as carpets practically impossible, e-cars open up new perspectives for end-of-life recycling. Since the battery has to be removed at the end of vehicle life in order to be recycled or disposed of properly, the demand for easy-to-dismantle products, especially carpets, for the interior of electric vehicles is increasing.

However, such easily removable components not only facilitate access to the battery, but they can also be individually recycled at the end of product life, enabling car manufacturers to tap into previously unexploited sustainability potential.

With its sustainable 100% polyester carpet systems, Autoneum says it is at the forefront of this development, offering customers the fully recyclable components they need to achieve their sustainability goals. “Autoneum’s fully recyclable carpet systems ensure a closed material loop and are thus tangible proof of the company’s long-term commitment to improving the sustainability performance of its products and manufacturing processes,” the company said. “The 100% polyester carpets build on the existing lightweight and particularly sustainable Autoneum Pure technologies: the carpet surface, for example, is made of Di-Light or Relive-1, while Hybrid-Acoustics PET is used for the decoupler.”

Thanks to Autoneum’s innovative alternative backcoating (ABC) process, which uses a thermoplastic adhesive instead of latex, the production of the new monomaterial needlepunch and tufted carpets also requires significantly less energy and no water at all.


Automotive-carpets - Nylon-textile

-Invista inaugurates adiponitrile plant at Shanghai Chemical Industry Park

Invista (Wichita, Kan.) announced that INVISTA Nylon Chemicals (China) Co. held the inauguration ceremony for its new adiponitrile (ADN) plant at the Shanghai Chemical Industry Park (SCIP). Being a critical part of INVISTA’s integrated nylon 6,6 value chain, the plant, which is a more than 7 billion RMB (over 1 billion USD) investment, has a capacity of 400,000-ton/year and is the largest capital project in in the company’s history. The plant will further boost local production capability for nylon 6,6 and help accelerate the high-quality upgrades of the Chinese chemical industry.Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

The ADN plant inauguration is one of the core activities of SCIP’s Integrated Nylon Base launch event. Zhang Wei; member of the Standing Committee of the CPC Shanghai Municipal Committee, vice mayor of Shanghai Municipal People’s Government and Fu Xiangsheng, vice chairman of China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation sent congratulatory videos; Ma Jing, director general of Shanghai Chemical Industry Park Administrative Committee; and other officials from related Shanghai Municipal Government agencies and representatives of SCIP attended the event. INVISTA senior executives included Gary Knight, global vice president of Operations, INVISTA Nylon Enterprise; Kyle Redinger, vice president of Nylon Intermediates, Asia Pacific; and Angela Dou, director of Intermediates, Asia. Jeff Gentry, INVISTA chairman and CEO, shared remarks via video.

“We are excited about the completion of ADN plant and are grateful for SCIP’s support through the entire project,” said Gary Knight, “INVISTA believes that China will be the largest consumer for nylon 6,6 in the near future, and the plant reinforces our long-term commitment by providing the key building block to produce nylon polymers. Together with our partners and customers, we hope to realize the full potential of the nylon industry and downstream applications areas.”

Invista (Wichita, Kan.) announced that INVISTA Nylon Chemicals (China) Co. held the inauguration ceremony for its new adiponitrile (ADN) plant at the Shanghai Chemical Industry Park (SCIP). Being a critical part of INVISTA’s integrated nylon 6,6 value chain, the plant, which is a more than 7 billion RMB (over 1 billion USD) investment, has a capacity of 400,000-ton/year and is the largest capital project in in the company’s history. The plant will further boost local production capability for nylon 6,6 and help accelerate the high-quality upgrades of the Chinese chemical industry.

The ADN plant inauguration is one of the core activities of SCIP’s Integrated Nylon Base launch event. Zhang Wei; member of the Standing Committee of the CPC Shanghai Municipal Committee, vice mayor of Shanghai Municipal People’s Government and Fu Xiangsheng, vice chairman of China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation sent congratulatory videos; Ma Jing, director general of Shanghai Chemical Industry Park Administrative Committee; and other officials from related Shanghai Municipal Government agencies and representatives of SCIP attended the event. INVISTA senior executives included Gary Knight, global vice president of Operations, INVISTA Nylon Enterprise; Kyle Redinger, vice president of Nylon Intermediates, Asia Pacific; and Angela Dou, director of Intermediates, Asia. Jeff Gentry, INVISTA chairman and CEO, shared remarks via video.Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

“We are excited about the completion of ADN plant and are grateful for SCIP’s support through the entire project,” said Gary Knight, “INVISTA believes that China will be the largest consumer for nylon 6,6 in the near future, and the plant reinforces our long-term commitment by providing the key building block to produce nylon polymers. Together with our partners and customers, we hope to realize the full potential of the nylon industry and downstream applications areas.”

“Today we are here to witness the signing, groundbreaking and start-up of several projects, which are led by the INVISTA ADN project that further enhances the efficiency and stability of the nylon 6,6 value and supply chains. These projects, like ‘water from the source,’ will contribute to Shanghai’s nylon industry development and future material industrial zones,” said Zhang Wei.

The new plant deploys INVISTA’s most advanced, proprietary, butadiene-based adiponitrile technology. In addition to advantages in commercial scale and overall efficiency, INVISTA’s ADN technology and manufacturing process result in up to 60% lower greenhouse gas emissions compared to propylene-based ADN and up to 80% lower greenhouse gas emissions compared to adipic acid-based ADN *. Once in full operation, the new plant can support 800,000 tons of nylon 6,6 production every year.

In line with the need for reduced cost and improving demand, INVISTA’s nylon 6,6 value chain integrates the recently opened INVISTA Asia Innovation Center and existing HMD and polymer sites, providing a comprehensive capability ranging from application development and raw materials to high-performance polymer supply. ADN can be used to make nylon polymer, fibers and other specialty materials such as hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) for coatings.


Invista inaugurates adiponitrile plant at Shanghai Chemical Industry Park

-Alibaba’s elusive co-founder Jack Ma living in Tokyo following China’s tech crackdown — Report

Chinese entrepreneur Jack Ma has been living in Tokyo for nearly six months, after Beijing’s crackdown on the technology sector, the Financial Times reported Tuesday.

The co-founder of Alibaba Group Holding Ltd. has punctuated his stay in Japan with trips to the countryside and regular visits to the US and Israel, the paper said, citing people with knowledge of his whereabouts.

Ma is a close friend of Masayoshi Son, founder of Tokyo-based SoftBank Group Corp. and an early investor in Alibaba. Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

Once China’s wealthiest and most prominent tech leader, Ma retreated from the spotlight in recent years after his criticism of government regulation landed him in trouble with Beijing, derailing the initial public offering of fintech giant Ant Group Co.

That was followed by an expansive crackdown on the private sector in China, particularly aimed at reining in the power of Internet firms. His rare public appearances since then have been closely watched.

In Tokyo, Ma has kept to a handful of private members’ clubs in the central districts of Ginza and Marunouchi, the FT said.

He’s also brought along his personal chef and security staff and become an enthusiastic modern art collector, the paper added.

Ma, previously a high-profile fixture at business conferences, led large-scale international donations of protective equipment and other gear the world needed in the early days of the pandemic.


Alibaba’s elusive co-founder Jack Ma living in Tokyo following China’s tech crackdown — Report

-Nylon textile filament production cut should be faster

Mainstream e-commerce platforms use “steady and good” to describe this year’s Singles Day shopping festival’s sales record (in November 1-11). But the high temperature in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shanghai and Anhui has affected winter clothing consumption, and the severe pandemic situation in Guangdong has also suppressed demand for fiber after the shopping festival.Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

Although there is no official data to show the specific growth rate of clothing consumption on Singles Day (Nov 11), we could tell that the booming season is over from the feedback of orders in fabric and filament plants.

In November, fabric mills have gradually reduced production, and in nylon 6 textile filament factories (short as NFY), inventory is still rising, and losses are still expanding. Many NFY mills have been unable to assess or balance risks and pressures through pricing, and production reduction has gradually become the best and only choice.

There are still nearly two months to go before the Spring Festival, and NFY mills need to make early prediction and planning as to when and how much to reduce production, whether or not to run and run at what rate during the Spring Festival. Some NFY mills already have a rough plan, while others are still waiting to see. The decision of how to arrange production needs to be combined with the business situation of the enterprise, as well as the market, demand trend prediction. As the situation in the nylon industry is clear to players, it might be wise to look for solutions by analyzing and comparing with other mainstream fiber markets.

Nylon 6 DTY is one of the most nylon filament products sees most intense competition this year, especially DTY 70D, whose margin has been compressed to the extreme low. In the good times of previous years, the price difference between DTY 70D and nylon 6 high-speed spinning chip (short as HS chip) was more than 5000yuan/mt, and even in the times not as good it was around 4500yuan/mt. But this year the price difference has been reduced to 3500-3800yuan/mt, and recently individual sources have even been pressed to 3300yuan/mt. Such a limit price difference cannot even cover the processing cost. Near the end of the year, as demand continues to decrease and NFY factories face rising sales pressure, the ultra-low price difference is also difficult to repair. (The losses for nylon FDY, POY and other DTY specifications are not as serious as DTY 70D). Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

Compared with other mainstream fibers, no matter from the trend or the degree of loss, viscose staple fiber (VSF) can be regarded almost the same bad as nylon DTY. Although the loss of polyester filament is slightly smaller, if converted to full cost, it is suffering a losses on the yearly average rate, and the loss has expanded recently.

By contrast, the profit of spandex has been repaired step by step, and it is profitable based on the full cost, after reducing production and removing inventory. The time of the most serious loss for spandex has passed. The profit of acrylic fiber of the whole year is still the best, though the profit has been significantly reduced in the second half of the year.

In the second half of the year, NFY factories only had a wave of destock in September, but orders gradually decreased and inventory started accumulation since late October. There is also a big gap between different NFY plants, with high ones more than 40 days and low ones less than 20 days. Some NFY factories have gradually reduced production by 10-20% in November due to high inventory, bearish expectations for the December, and consideration for reserving inventory space for the Spring Festival, but this only moderates the growth of inventory, while still difficult to reduce it evidently. The average inventory of NFY is more than 30 days by Nov 25, a quite high level, though not as high as that in August.

Compared with other fibers, the overall inventory of nylon filament is on the high side. Spandex inventory was once higher than nylon, but it dropped obviously in September-October with booming consumption. Polyester inventory evidently in November, due to a large reduction in production. VSF inventory had been alleviated in September due to a sharp production cut, and the slow decline in inventory in November is mainly due to demand repair, not production reduction further. Acrylic fiber inventory remains low throughout the year, mainly because acrylic fiber capacity expansion in recent has been limited, and the export growth is faster in 2022, so its supply and demand are relatively balanced.  Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

The production cut in NFY plants was limited in November, and the average operating rate narrowly reduced from 74.8% to 71% by Nov 25. Regionally, the plants in Fujian mostly ran at 70-80%, and some in Zhejiang at 80-09% while some at 50-70%, and that in Jiangsu was low in general with most small plants running at 40-50%.

In contrast, the operating rate of spandex, polyester and acrylic plants decreased significantly month-on-month in November, with an average monthly decrease of 5-10%. Only VSF plants’ run rate recovered slightly in Oct-Nov, as they had cut production evidently in Sep already.

Summery & suggestions for NFY plants

To sum up, the worst product of nylon has suffered a serious loss, which is equivalent to VSF but worse than other chemical fibers. At present, the overall inventory of NFY is on the high side, but the adjustment on run rate is slower than other products, so that when the recent demand is obviously weakening, NFY factories are unable to reduce inventory effectively.Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

Under the epidemic, it is a common phenomenon that fabric mills stop production earlier this year, and their willingness to prepare feedstock before the Spring Festival is relatively low. If the price of nylon is not low enough, even fabric mills under good sales condition will not easily restock.

Since NFY market performance has been relatively good in the first half of the year, it will not be too difficult to go through the rough time in the second half. But this “Spring Festival” could be very long, and the risk of inventory accumulation based on current price is high, and compared with other fibers, the pressure faced nylon factory is not small.


Nylon textile filament production cut should be faster

-With demand for plastic expected to triple by 2050, here’s how biotechnology can reduce its environmental impacts

In theory, many commonly used plastics can be recycled. But only about one-tenth of the plastics that have ever been produced have been recycled once, and only about 1% have been recycled twice4. “It is cheaper to just make a new plastic product than to collect it and recycle it or reuse it,” says Kristian Syberg, who studies plastic pollution at Roskilde University in Denmark. “That’s a systemic problem.”Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

Changing that picture will require action on multiple fronts: scaling up established recycling technologies, rolling them out across the world, developing technologies to deal with hard-to-recycle plastics, leveraging insights from nature to aid both production and disposal of plastics, and reining in the production of single-use plastics. But the results could have benefits for the circular economy more broadly.

By 2050, global plastic demand is projected to nearly triple to 1,100 million tonnes per year1. In an analysis released earlier this year7, [Dr. André] Bardow and his team found that scaling up recycling, relying more on renewable feedstocks and implementing other strategies to make the plastic industry more circular could keep the current level of plastic production within “planetary boundaries”. But if plastic production continues to grow at the predicted pace, then options greatly diminish — and by 2050, Bardow says, there will be no sustainable solution “even with all the tricks that chemists and chemical engineers can pull”.


With demand for plastic expected to triple by 2050, here’s how biotechnology can reduce its environmental impacts

-Co-op to ‘clear’ shelves of all coloured milk bottle tops to increase recyclability

Co-op has committed to removing all coloured milk bottle caps from its shelves, the convenience retailer has confirmed, delivering ‘clear’ benefits for the recyclability of the lids.

Shoppers are soon set to see clear caps on all Co-op’s skimmed, semi-skimmed and whole milk across all its stores in towns, villages and cities across the UK. Clear bottle tops reduce colour contamination in the high-density polyethylene (HDPE) stream, allowing materials to be recycled more easily into food-grade packaging. The move follows successful consumer trials on semi-skimmed milk in more than 400 Co-op stores in August and, with ‘clear’ recyclability gains to be made, green caps will be switched to clear in all of its stores by the end of next month. Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

Co-op will then eradicate red (skimmed milk caps) and blue (whole milk caps) in early 2023. Once all caps have been switched it could remove more than 150 t/a of coloured plastic from HDPE streams. Switching all green caps first is set to unlock the majority of the recyclability benefits, with semi-skimmed accounting for more than three-fifths of milk sales.

Adam Williams, Co-op’s Milk Buyer, said: “There are changes in store for how shoppers see milk bottle tops, with the new caps able to be more easily recycled and retained in the food sector unlike their coloured counterparts. There is limited availability of food grade recycled plastic, and that is a challenge. It is important that packaging is viewed as a valuable resource. We continue to work to explore new ways to make it easier to recycle and re-use these materials, and small changes to everyday issues can collectively add up to make a big difference – this is a ‘clear’ solution that can reduce the dependency on virgin plastic in the supply chain.” Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

Adam Herriott, Sector Specialist – Resource Management, WRAP, said: “WRAP fully supports the complete removal of pigments from HDPE milk bottle caps by Co-op, a founding member of The UK Plastics Pact. This development has helped the HDPE milk bottle increase its reputation as a shining light of the circular economy and will enable the caps to be recycled with the bottle and go back into food grade applications and therefore able to be recycled multiple times into high grade, high value materials and products. It is, however, still vitally important that citizens follow the Recycle Now and OPRL advise of ensuring that they recycle their bottle with the ‘cap on’ to make sure that they are captured and recycled effectively – we must all continue to go further and ensure we bring in more changes that benefit shoppers and the environment.”


Co-op to ‘clear’ shelves of all coloured milk bottle tops to increase recyclability

Automotive-carpets – Nylon-textile

PLA-recyclability -Polymer-catalysts 30-11-2022

Plastic-sustainability – China-textile 09-11-2022

Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Stora Enso’s pilot plant for a breakthrough bioplastic is well underway. What will happen next?

The launch of a new bioplastics pilot plant in the Flanders region in Belgium will enable a new bioplastics production technology, ready for implementation at industrial scale.

In the decades to come, bio-based materials will be standard components of various packaging solutions. As a response to this demand, In December 2019, Stora Enso announced an investment of EUR 9 million to build a pilot facility enabling the production of bioplastics. The objective is to test FuraCore®, Stora Enso’s breakthrough technology to produce furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA), a major building block of bioplastic PEF (PolyEthylene Furanoate).

From pilot production in 2022 towards commercialisation in 2026

Since the initial investment announcement, things have advanced at a rapid pace. Construction of the plant has been completed, and the commissioning is well underway. Initial production will start by year-end 2022, and, after that, things will quickly move towards regular production of FDCA, and PEF with partners.

According to VP Emerging Business, Dirk den Ouden, the next step is to ensure everything runs in a stable way and to collect data for the next scale-up. Once samples are available in large enough quantities, Stora Enso will work with partners and potential customers on validating the FuraCore® products in a range of applications.

– We’ll soon have our pilot fully up and running, producing material for testing, says den Ouden. The proof point of years of breakthrough R&D is now around the corner.

The bigger picture of the piloting effort is to validate the chemical process and provide sample material to gain further insight into market needs and product demands. The pilot facility will initially use industrially available sugar (fructose) to produce high-value chemicals and materials for application testing.

In the future, the intention is to run the process on sugars extracted from wood and other non-food-based biomass. Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

– Nature happens to provide our raw material in a very efficient way via crops. That’s where we’ll start. Implementing FuraCore® chemistry at large scale globally, however, requires us to rethink our raw material sourcing. That’s where sugars from trees and agricultural residues come in.

The Flanders region as a hub for bio-based technologies

With the Flanders region having become a focal point for the bio-based economy, it would be an ideal region to industrialize the FuraCore® process. The central location of the pilot facility at the Langerbrugge recycled paper mill near Ghent brings access to skilled people and critical service providers in the region. At just an hour from Brussels, it makes partner visits easy to arrange.

The journey of developing a plastic that makes sense is in full swing.

– Come and join us, Den Ouden concludes, and be part of a renewable packaging revolution.


Plastic-sustainability - China-textile

-China’s textile sector logs growth in first 9 months

China’s textile industry posted stable revenue growth in the first three quarters of the year, official data showed.

Textile companies with an annual main business revenue of at least 20 million yuan (about 2.76 million U.S. dollars) raked in 3.86 trillion yuan in revenue in the period, up 3.1 percent year on year, according to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.

The total value-added output of these companies went down 0.4 percent year on year during the period. Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

The combined sales of main retailers amounted to 12.38 trillion yuan in the January-September period, up 3 percent from a year earlier.

The country’s textile and garment exports totaled 248.4 billion U.S. dollars in the same period, an increase of 9.1 percent year on year.


Plastic-sustainability - China-textile

-Plastic Packaging May Not Be So Bad, After All

McKinsey & Co. conducts a lifecycle analysis of plastic packaging versus alternative materials for a number of applications and finds that the majority of plastic packages offer fewer GHGs.

Amidst the ongoing demonization of single-use plastic packaging, global consulting firm McKinsey & Co.has published a thought-provoking report on the  “Climate Impacts of Plastics,”  and the conclusions may surprise you. When examining the total greenhouse gas (GHG) contribution of plastics versus its alternatives, including product lifecycle (cradle to grave) and impact of use, it found that among those applications for which non-plastic alternatives are used at scale, the plastics examined in the report offer a lower total greenhouse gas GHG contribution compared with alternatives in 13 of 14 cases, including both direct and indirect value-chain emissions. These GHG savings ranged from 10% to 90%, considering both product lifecycle and impact of use.

Furthermore, the report noted, when indirect impacts were excluded, such as lower food spoilage in the case of food packaging, and only direct lifecycle emissions, including production, retail transport, and end-of-life disposition, were considered, plastics had the lowest GHG impact in nine of the 14 applications. Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

“Plastics are ubiquitous across the global economy and the subject of frequent debate, from their impact on marine pollution to their recyclability,” says McKinsey. “However, their role in enhancing use efficiencies, such as decreasing food spoilage and reducing greenhouse gas emissions, is often overlooked. Rather, plastics are frequently maligned across topics such as leakage to the environment, toxicity, use of resources, production emissions, and ocean pollution. Although these important considerations need to be addressed, an opportunity exists for a more balanced, science-based perspective on plastics versus alternative materials.”

The 30-page document includes information on the markets selected—packaging, building and construction, automotive, textiles, and consumer durables, which represent around 90% of plastics volume—the methodology used, and in-depth details on several of the applications studied. McKinsey’s analysis was based on the U.S. market in 2020, with additional sensitivities to illustrate the impact in other regions and how results will change as the global environment moves toward a “decarbonized world” in 2050.

Among the findings of the report related to packaging in the U.S.:

  • When high-density polyethylene grocery bags are compared with the next-best alternative, paper bags, HDPE packaging is found to have 80% fewer total GHGs.
  • Wet pet-food packaging in PET and polypropylene versus aluminum or steel packaging has 70% fewer emissions.
  • PET soft drink containers emit 50% fewer GHGs than aluminum bottles.
  • Fresh meat packaging made from expanded polystyrene or polyvinyl chloride has a 35% smaller GHG footprint compared to fresh meat packaging made from paper.
  • When compared with glass soap containers, HDPE soap containers have 15% fewer GHGs. Plastic-sustainability – China-textile
  • Industrial drums made of HDPE emit 30% more GHGs than those made from steel.
  • When comparing plastics versus plastics-enabled mixed materials, McKinsey found that HDPE milk containers have 5% greater GHG emissions than paper, while the GHG emissions of EPS water cups and paper cups are on par.

One of the applications chosen for a deep-dive analysis in the report is soft drink containers. McKinsey explains that it based its analysis on a comparison of 20-oz PET bottles with 12-oz aluminum cans and 12-oz glass bottles, selected because they represent the most common beverage container sizes for their respective material substrates. According to the LCA, PET bottles have the lowest emissions of all the materials, due to their lightweight properties and the low amount of energy required to produce them. “By contrast, aluminum cans have two times the emissions of PET bottles, and emissions from glass bottles are three times higher,” shares the report.

While the PET bottle has the lowest production emissions, the lifecycle analysis found that it has the least favorable GHG emissions for its end-of-life disposition. “PET has the lowest recycling rate and credits from avoided virgin production among the three materials. It also has the highest emissions from waste-to-energy. PET releases CO2 when burned, whereas aluminum and glass do not,” explains the report. “However, the GHG impact of production emissions is more significant than end-of-life disposition emissions, resulting in PET having the lowest GHG impact.”

In its study, McKinsey also found that the indirect value-chain impacts of plastics can be quite substantial, particularly in the case of plastic used in food packaging. “There are few at-scale alternatives to plastic in food packaging across a broad range of applications, driven primarily by reduced food spoilage when using plastics,” says the report.


Plastic Packaging May Not Be So Bad, After All

-Association of Plastics Recyclers Recognizes Cavitated PE Technology

Void Technologies’ VO+ PE Masterbatch Technology Achieves Critical Guidance Recognition

Void Technologies announced it has received Critical Guidance recognition from the APR for its proprietary process to create low density cavitated films, confirming its compatibility with PE film recycling in the US.

The VO+ technology creates micro and nano-scale air pockets in plastic, creating a film with a reduced environmental footprint. Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

VO+ films are produced by blending the masterbatch with PE as part of the film extrusion process. The orientation process causes the VO+ additives to separate from the primary polymer to create a non-breathable voided structure. The combination of MDO and cavitation leads to improved film performance including puncture resistance, toughness, and high opacity.

PE films produced using Void’s new process offer a 35% material savings from density reduction and down-gauging.  Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

The APR recognition comes after laboratory testing confirmed that the technology is compatible with current, industrial-scale, film to film recycling processes. Thanks to the low density of VO+ PE films, they will float in separation systems. During the recycling process, VO+ films will turn from white to clear and will retain similar properties to recycled PE resins.

Void’s VO+ PE masterbatch technology was developed for use in a range of applications such as laminates, frozen food, wicketed bags, and flow wraps for confectionery.


Plastic-sustainability - China-textile

-KHS integrates preferential heating into InnoPET Blomax Series V

Complex container shapes produced efficiently

KHS integrates optimized preferential heating module into InnoPET Blomax Series V (KHS)

Dortmund machine and systems manufacturer KHS has integrated preferential heating into its latest generation of stretch blow molders, the KHS InnoPET Blomax Series V, to shape containers more efficiently.

For years, it seemed practically impossible to make oval pet bottles with any great degree of precision. The big challenge was to homogeneously distribute the material throughout the irregularly formed plastic container. The breakthrough ultimately came with the introduction of sophisticated preferential heating technology. Henceforth, it was possible to produce complex container shapes of an optimum weight with the help of pet stretch blow molding machines. KHS has used this energy-efficient process in its systems since 1997.

Developed in the early 1970s, the pet bottle very quickly embarked on a remarkable march of triumph across the globe. Its lightweight and excellent barrier properties make the plastic container the ideal form of packaging for products found in everyday use. It is thus no surprise that in the beverage and food industries and home and personal care sector the pet bottle is one of the most popular packaging options. Plastic receptacles also offer clear added value at the point of sale: as they can be easily formed when heated, these containers can now be made in practically any shape, whether this is round, oval, or rectangular. Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

However, more complex bottle bodies make especially high demands on the production process. The even distribution of the plastic material in particular is a challenging task that tests conventional stretch blow molders to their limits. This heat preforms evenly so that on non-round containers the areas that first come into contact with the blow mold, cool down sooner. The result is that the pet hardens at these points faster and the material is distributed unevenly. Only the use of a specially developed heating system known as preferential heating also enables the wall thickness of pet bottles with more complex shapes to be radially distributed with any precision – and thus bottles with an optimized weight to be produced.

Maximum precision

KHS has used the energy-efficient preferential heating method on its InnoPET Blomax stretch blow molder series since 1997. The preform is first heated in the standard heater where the container constantly rotates to ensure that it is evenly heated. This rotation is deliberately interrupted in the downstream preferential heating module so that only certain areas of the PET preform continue to be actively heated from two sides. The distance of the preforms to one another is kept as small as possible, thus significantly lowering the machine’s energy consumption. This is also assisted by KHS’ highly efficient NIR heating system. The precise alignment of the heating profile also yields higher quality.

Due to preferential heating, the pet material is evenly distributed in the container wall across the oval cross-section. This process ensures that wall thicknesses are identical and is thus largely instrumental in securing the stability and quality of the container. At the same time, users save significant amounts of plastic, for without preferential heating the uneven distribution of materials would have to be compensated for by increasing the wall thickness. In the final process step the bottle is optionally aligned by its shape and fed into the conveying system.

KHS first used the preferential heating method in its InnoPET Blomax Series II, with the procedure also available for successor models Series III and Series IV. Around 60 machines are currently on the market, with most of them in Europe and North America. Customers primarily include companies in the home and personal care sector who manufacture products such as laundry and dishwashing detergents, soaps, shower gels and shampoos. This special heating method is also used in the manufacture of containers for liquid foods such as ketchup, honey, mustard and oil. Converters are another example of businesses who trust in this KHS technology. Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

Henkel relies on preferential heating by KHS

German consumer goods manufacturer Henkel most recently invested in a KHS stretch blow molder with preferential heating for its Fa body care brand. Further machines are being used by the company around the world to produce fabric softeners and household detergents. This investment has allowed Henkel to optimize its production processes, with the company now manufacturing pet containers cost-effectively in house. This makes production plans more flexible. At the same time, fewer resources are used as trucks no longer have to travel lengthy distances.

The joint cooperation is a showcase project – particularly when it comes to sustainability and the use of resources. The customer’s 250-milliliter bottle, for instance, now consumes 14% less material than the previous versions while maintaining the required bottle quality. The bottles also consist of 100% recycled pet.

Blow molding technology

The team of experts at KHS is currently further developing the preferential heating module so that it is compatible with its latest generation of stretch blow molders, the InnoPET Blomax Series V. Here, the module is integrated into the usual heater as standard. The aim is to keep the heater box the same and that only the length of the full heater changes in relation to capacity. Standardizing this feature considerably reduces the range of parts needed and makes maintenance and inspection much easier. Delivery times for the machine and its components are also shorter as a result of these optimizations. In addition, the system is more flexible as it can now process both round and oval containers as an optional function.

Improved energy balance

Furthermore, the KHS team has upped the performance to a maximum 2,000 bottles per station and hour. The number of stations ranges from six to 16, with the total output thus at between 12,000 and 32,000 bottles an hour.

The bottle discharge has been optimized: here, the pet bottles are transported by their necks by special grippers. Oriented bottle guiding not only prevents the containers from catching but also boosts production efficiency. During planning the KHS experts deliberately omitted to include format parts that have to be changed over according to the container shape.

Finally, those responsible for the project have further improved the energy efficiency of the new system. It now yields similar energy savings to the standard version of the InnoPET Blomax Series V over the predecessor model, with the optimized heating technology causing up to 40% less energy to be consumed.

The Covid-19 pandemic led to the country-wide lockdown on 25 March 2020. It will be two years tomorrow as I write this. What have we learned in this time? Maybe the meaning of resilience since small companies like us have had to rely on our resources and the forbearance of our employees as we have struggled to produce our trade platforms.

The print and packaging industries have been fortunate, although the commercial printing industry is still to recover. We have learned more about the digital transformation that affects commercial printing and packaging. Ultimately digital will help print grow in a country where we are still far behind in our paper and print consumption and where digital is a leapfrog technology that will only increase the demand for print in the foreseeable future.

Web analytics show that we now have readership in North America and Europe amongst the 90 countries where our five platforms reach. Our traffic which more than doubled in 2020, has at times gone up by another 50% in 2021. And advertising which had fallen to pieces in 2020 and 2021, has started its return since January 2022.

As the economy approaches real growth with unevenness and shortages a given, we are looking forward to the PrintPack India exhibition in Greater Noida. We are again appointed to produce the Show Daily on all five days of the show from 26 to 30 May 2022.

It is the right time to support our high-impact reporting and authoritative and technical information with some of the best correspondents in the industry.

Readers can power Packaging South Asia’s balanced industry journalism and help sustain us by subscribing. Plastic-sustainability – China-textile


KHS integrates preferential heating into InnoPET Blomax Series V

-EU: 4.8 tonnes of waste generated per inhabitant

In 2020, the total waste generated in the EU by all economic activities and households amounted to 2,151 million tonnes or 4,808 kilograms per capita.

In the EU, construction contributed 37.1 % of the total in 2020 and was followed by mining and quarrying (23.4 %), manufacturing (10.9 %), waste and water services (10.7 %), and households (9.5 %). The remaining 8.4 % was waste generated from other economic activities, mainly services (4.5 %) and energy (2.3 %).

A lot of the waste from mining and quarrying and from construction and demolition is classified as major mineral waste. Almost two thirds (64 % or 3.1 tonnes per inhabitant) of the total waste generated in the EU in 2020 was major mineral waste. The relative share of major mineral waste in the total waste generated varied considerably between EU Member States, which may reflect, at least to some degree, different economic structures. In general, those EU Member States that had higher shares of major mineral waste were those that were characterised as having relatively sizeable mining and quarrying activities, such as Finland, Sweden, and Bulgaria, and/or construction and demolition activities, such as Luxembourg. In these member states, major mineral waste accounted for between 84 % and 89 % of all waste generated. Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

Waste generation, excluding major mineral waste

In the EU, 781 million tonnes of waste excluding major mineral waste were generated in 2020, equivalent to 36 % of the total waste generated. When expressed in relation to population size, the EU generated, on average, 1.7 tonnes per inhabitant in 2020, excluding major mineral waste.

Across the EU Member States, waste generation excluding major mineral waste ranged from an average of 6.3 tonnes per inhabitant in Estonia to less than one tonne per inhabitant in Romania and Malta in 2020. The large quantity of waste generated in Estonia is related to energy production based on oil shale.

In 2020, the highest levels of waste generation were recorded for waste and water services (211 million tonnes), for households (196 million tonnes) and manufacturing activities (171 million tonnes).  Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

Their developments followed different patterns over time: between 2004 and 2020, waste generation (excluding major mineral waste) by waste and water services and households increased by 180.4 % and 12.5 %, respectively, while generation by manufacturing activities diminished quite considerably, down by 28.8 %.

Hazardous waste generation

Hazardous waste may pose an elevated risk to human health and to the environment if not managed and disposed of safely. Among the waste generated in the EU in 2020, 95.5 million tonnes (4.4 % of the total) were classified as hazardous waste.

Compared with 2010, 5.1 % more hazardous waste was generated in 2020 in the EU. This is an increase in quantity terms from 90.8 to 95.5 million tonnes with a peak of 101.7 million tonnes in 2018. The decline in 2020 compared to 2018 results mainly from less combustion wastes due to less incineration of solid fuels such as coal, coke, and oil shale. In 2020, the share of hazardous waste in total waste generation was between 0.5 % in Romania and 12.0 % in Bulgaria. Among the non-member countries shown in Figure 4, Turkey recorded the highest share of hazardous waste in total waste generation (28.5 %) and was followed by North Macedonia (28.2 %). Montenegro (27.6 %), Serbia (19.3 %) and Norway (13.3 %). Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

Waste treatment

In 2020, some 2,029 million tonnes of waste were treated in the EU. This does not include exported waste, but includes the treatment of waste imported into the EU. The reported amounts are therefore not directly comparable with those for waste generation.

The quantity of waste recycled, used for backfilling, or incinerated with energy recovery grew by 40.3 % from 870 million tonnes in 2004 to 1 221 million tonnes in 2020; as a result, the share of such recovery in total waste treatment rose from 45.9 % in 2004 to 60.2 % in 2020. The quantity of waste subject to disposal decreased from 1,027 million tonnes in 2004 to 808 million tonnes in 2020, which was a decrease of 21.3 %. The share of disposal in total waste treatment decreased from 54.1 % in 2004 to 39.8 % in 2020.

As stated above, in the EU in 2020, more than a half (60.2 %) of the waste was treated in recovery operations: recycling (39.2 % of the total treated waste), backfilling (14.6 %) or energy recovery (6.4 %). The remaining 39.8 % was either landfilled (31.3 %), incinerated without energy recovery (0.5 %) or disposed of otherwise (8.1 %). Significant differences could be observed among the EU Member States regarding the use they made of these various treatment methods. For instance, some Member States had very high recycling rates (Italy, Belgium, Slovakia and Latvia), in others landfill is the prevailing treatment category (Romania, Bulgaria, Finland, Sweden and Greece, see Figure 6).

Hazardous waste treatment

In total, 74.3 million tonnes of hazardous waste were treated in the EU in 2020, with more than two thirds of this treated in just four EU Member States, Germany (21.4 million tonnes or 28.5 % of EU total), Bulgaria (13.8 million tonnes or 18.4 %), and France (8.2 million tonnes or 10.9 %) and Sweden (7.0 million tonnes or 9.3 %).

In 2020, 46.8 % of the hazardous waste treated in the EU was recovered: 38.5 % by recycling or backfilling (equivalent to 64 kg per inhabitant) and 8.3 % by energy recovery (14 kg per inhabitant), see Figure 8. The remaining 53.2 % were incinerated without energy recovery (5.9 % or 9.7 kg per inhabitant), landfilled, in other words deposited into or onto land or through land treatment(22.0 % or 36.5 kg per inhabitant) or disposed of by other way (25.3 % or 42.5 kg per inhabitant). Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

Source: Eurostat


EU: 4.8 tonnes of waste generated per inhabitant

-Big brands set to miss plastic sustainability targets

Some of the world’s biggest consumer goods companies, including PepsiCo, Mars and Nestle, are almost certain to miss a target to make plastic packaging more sustainable by 2025, according Reuters.

The study by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation and the United Nations Environment Program also revealed that some companies – including Coca-Cola and Pepsi – are using more virgin plastic despite a pledge to reduce its use.

The report comes as U.N. members are due to meet in Uruguay this month to start negotiations on the first ever global plastics treaty, which is aimed at reining in soaring waste pollution choking marine life and contaminating food.

Some U.N. members are pushing for a pact that includes legally binding targets to increase recycled content in packaging and use less petroleum-derived virgin plastic, rules that would have financial implications for the consumer goods and petrochemical industries. Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

Dozens of major brands have in recent years set targets to increase plastic recycling and reduce the use of single-use packaging in partnership with the Ellen MacAurthur Foundation, as part of efforts to burnish their green credentials.

The headline pledge was that 100% of plastic packaging would be reusable, recyclable or compostable by 2025, but this goal will “almost certainly be missed by most organizations”, the environmental group’s report said.

Nestle said these targets were hampered by a lack of government recycling infrastructure globally, noting that it had reduced the amount of virgin plastic it uses by 8% since 2018.

Mars said it is making progress in tackling plastic waste and investing hundreds of millions of dollars to redesign thousands of packaging components. Pepsi and Coca-Cola did not respond to requests for comment.

Greenpeace said the report is evidence that voluntary corporate targets have failed and called on the U.N. to forge a treaty that forces governments and companies to use less single-use plastic packaging.

“This underlines the need for governments to ensure that the global plastic treaty … delivers major reductions in plastic production and use,” said Graham Forbes, Greenpeace’s USA Global Plastics Project Leader.


Big brands set to miss plastic sustainability targets

-November contract price of ethylene in Europe increased by EUR35 per ton

The contract price of ethylene for November delivery in Europe has been agreed at EUR1,295 per tonne, eur35 per tonne more than in October,ICIS said.

The contract price was approved on the terms of FD NWE (with delivery to North-West Europe).

Three producers and two consumers directly confirmed this price level.

The cost of naphtha on average in October was higher than in September. The cost of natural gas has been significantly lower due to unusually high temperatures in Europe.

Demand remains low, but at the same time the level of utilization of many enterprises is reduced, and the residues of the material are under control.

The base contract price is considered to be fully established when it is directly confirmed by at least two producers and two consumers. Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

Earlierit was reported that the contract price of ethylene in Europe for October deliveries was agreed at the level of EUR1,260 per ton, which is EUR45 per ton lower than the level of the previous month.

November contract price of ethylene in Europe increased by EUR35 per ton

Plastic-sustainability – China-textile

Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET 08-11-2022

Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET 08-11-2022

Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Hologenix and Unifi Partner to Introduce New Product

Materials science company Hologenix, creators of Celliant, and global textile solutions provider Unifi, makers of Repreve, have teamed up to introduce Celliant with Repreve.

The new performance fiber has the infrared properties of Celliant infrared technology and the sustainable footprint of Repreve, one of the world’s leading brands of recycled fiber.

“We are honored to partner with sustainability leader Unifi and its Repreve fiber,” said Seth Casden, co-founder and chief executive officer of Hologenix, based in Pacific Palisades, California. “Celliant with Repreve marries self-care and sustainability for a new generation of products.”

Celliant is a blend of infrared radiation–generating bioceramic minerals, which, when embedded into textiles, allows them to convert body heat into infrared energy, returning it to the body and temporarily increasing circulation and cellular oxygenation, according to a news release. This process can aid in muscle recovery, increase endurance, and improve overall performance in healthy individuals, among other benefits, officials said.

Repreve recycled performance fiber consists of high-quality fibers made from 100% recycled materials, including post-consumer plastic bottles and pre-consumer waste. It is also certified and traceable with U Trust verification and FiberPrint technology to back up customers’ recycled claims. Compared to virgin fiber, Repreve helps to offset the use of petroleum, emitting fewer greenhouse gasses and conserving water and energy in the process.

Both Celliant and Repreve are used in many brands across many sectors, from apparel and sportswear to upholstery fabric and more, so the new partnership opens an array of possible applications.

“We’re excited that the infrared component of Celliant with Repreve provides enhanced health and wellness benefits and that we are expanding the use of sustainable fiber options that positively impact our planet, both now and in the future,” said Eddie Ingle, chief executive officer of Unifi, headquartered in Greensboro, North Carolina.

Celliant with Repreve’s official North America knitting partner is Beverly Knits, one of the largest circular knitters in the United States, developing fabric for all markets including intimate apparel, activewear, outdoor products, mattress and bedding, automotive, industrial and medical. Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET

Based in Gastonia, North Carolina, Beverly Knits also operates Creative Dyeing & Finishing, LLC. The new three-way partnership allows the production of finished goods to take place within a 300-mile radius, from Celliant mineral processing to final product.


Compostable-plastic - Battery - rPET

-Research found thermal properties of cellulose nanofibers yield surprising results

Plant-derived materials such as cellulose often exhibit thermally insulating properties. A new material made from nanoscale cellulose fibres shows the reverse, high thermal conductivity. This makes it useful in areas previously dominated by synthetic polymer materials. Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET

Materials based on cellulose have environmental benefits over polymers, so research on this could lead to greener technological applications where thermal conductivity is needed. In recent years, many commercial products have used cellulose nanofiber (CNF) materials because their strength and durability make them a good replacement for polymer-based materials such as plastics which can be detrimental to the environment.

A research team led by Professor Junichiro Shiomi from the University of Tokyo’s Graduate School of Engineering has investigated previously unknown thermal properties of CNF, and their findings show these materials could be even more useful


Compostable-plastic - Battery - rPET

-Defect discovered in compostable plastic, 60% does not decompose – Biotech

A big defect has been discovered in plastic certified as compostable even at home: 60% does not really decompose (Source: Citizen scientist image from © Ansa

A big defect has been discovered in plastic certified as compostable even at home: 60% does not really decompose (Source: Citizen scientist image from © ANSA / Ansa

A big defect has been discovered in plastic certified as compostable even at home: 60% does not really decompose and therefore ends up polluting even more vegetable gardens and gardens where it is unknowingly reused. Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET

This was stated by a study by the University College of London, published in the journal Frontiers in Sustainability, which involved British citizens in a great experiment. The research also shows how labels applied to compostable and biodegradable plastic items are misleading and confuse consumers, leading to incorrect waste disposal.

Global plastic pollution is one of the greatest environmental challenges of our time: a report published last February by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) shows that plastic consumption has quadrupled in the last 30 years, and only 9% is recycled. The demand for compostable plastics is therefore growing more and more, with uses in organic waste bags, food packaging, plates and cutlery.

The problem, highlighted by the study led by Danielle Purkiss, is that this type of plastic is currently incompatible with most waste management systems and there is no international standard for domestic compostable plastics. The fate of these plastics, once thrown away, is therefore incineration or landfilling, a fact of which consumers are unaware.

“We have shown that home composting, being uncontrolled, is largely ineffective and not a good method of disposal for compostable packaging,” says Purkiss. “The idea that a material can be sustainable is a widespread misunderstanding: in reality – adds the researcher – what is sustainable is the system by which that material is produced and recycled”.


Defect discovered in compostable plastic, 60% does not decompose – Biotech

-Chinese battery plant to start operations in Portugal by 2025

A Chinese manufacturer, Aviation Lithium Battery Technology, wants the battery factory for electric vehicles in Sines to start operating by 2025, a company representative said on Thursday.

The company’s executive director said that operations at the future unit will start at the end of 2025 so that the batteries can “leave Sines for Europe the following year to be installed in several European cars by the end of the first quarter” of 2026, Nuno Gameiro, who represents China Aviation Lithium Battery Technology (CALB) in Portugal, told Lusa.

Gameiro said that the first CALB factory in Europe would be built in several phases, the first involving building the industrial unit on “50 of the 100 hectares” of land. The first phase of investment, the value of which was not announced, “is to accommodate the order portfolio that [the company] already has at this time” in Europe, he said.

According to the official, in a second phase, in 2028, the company planned to expand the facilities, occupying the entire 100 hectares of land, which would allow it to “increase from 15 to 45 gigawatt-hours (GWh).  Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET

CALB, he explained, “will start with 15 GWh” due to the “immediate demand it has” but is expected to need “around 100 hectares of land” to “accommodate demand until 2028.”

“If everything is going well, there will be the 3rd phase to double the factory, making it as big as the biggest European [factory], which is Tesla’s, and another 100 hectares would be needed. So it would cover 200 hectares,” he said.

According to Gameiro, the lithium batteries produced in this unit are intended exclusively for the European market. This will “positively impact the GDP [Gross Domestic Product] because all sales are exports. If everything goes as expected, in a horizon year between 2028 and 2030, this factory may represent 4.2% of GDP,” he said.

In a statement to the Hong Kong stock exchange, CALB said on Wednesday it had signed a memorandum of understanding with a subsidiary of Portugal’s Agency for Investment and Foreign Trade (AICEP).

The agreement with AICEP Global Parques, manager of the Sines Industrial and Logistics Zone (ZILS), provides for the acquisition of “surface rights to set up a world-leading, highly intelligent, computerised and automated factory, with zero carbon emissions,” the company said

According to the China Automotive Power Battery Industry Innovation Alliance, an industry association, CALB was the third-largest Chinese manufacturer of batteries for electric cars in 2021.


Compostable-plastic - Battery - rPET

-TAZIZ and Reliance launch USD2 bn chemicals plant JV in Ruwais

Abu Dhabi Chemicals Derivatives Company RSC Ltd (“TA’ZIZ”) and Reliance Industries Limited (RIL), have agreed to launch TA’ZIZ EDC & PVC, a world-scale chemical production partnership at the TA’ZIZ Industrial Chemicals Zone in Ruwais, said Transportandlogisticsme.

The new joint-venture will construct and operate a Chlor-Alkali, Ethylene Dichloride (EDC) and Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) production facility, with an investment of more than USD2 billion.

Representing the first production of these chemicals in the UAE, the project will enable the substitution of imports and the creation of new local value chains, while also meeting growing demand for these chemicals globally.

The TA’ZIZ Industrial Chemicals Zone is a joint venture between Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) and ADQ.

The project builds on ADNOC and Reliance’s long-standing strategic partnership and is Reliance’s first investment in the MENA region.

The signing of the joint venture terms, which are subject to regulatory approvals, was witnessed by His Excellency Dr. Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber, UAE Minister of Industry and Advanced Technology and ADNOC Managing Director and Group CEO and Reliance Industries Chairman and Managing Director, Mr. Mukesh D. Ambani.

The joint venture terms were signed by Mr. Khaleefa Al Mheiri, Acting CEO of TA’ZIZ and Mr. Kamal Nanavaty, President Strategy and Business Development of Reliance Industries Limited.


TAZIZ and Reliance launch USD2 bn chemicals plant JV in Ruwais

-What’s going on with rPET?

Europe R-PET market faces tough and unpredictable Q4

The European recycled polyethylene terephthalate (R-PET) market has entered one of the most turbulent periods in its history as industry veterans and newcomers alike struggle to predict the outlook as they meet at K Fair.

In a case of ‘be careful what you wish for’, the R-PET market has gone from tight supply and record-high prices in the first half of the year to massive oversupply, slow demand, and record-breaking price drops in October.

Although record-high post-consumer bottle (PCB), flake and food-grade pellet (FGP) prices were always expected to ease, the speed of the downturn since the summer has taken the market by surprise.

Free delivered (FD) northwest Europe (NWE) colourless (C) PCB, C flake and even mixed coloured (MC) flake monthly prices all posted the largest single price drop since ICIS introduced the quotes in 2006.  Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET

There are several reasons for this:

  • Large PET bottles consumed in summer entered recycling stream
  • Low PET prices prompted a significant substitution away from R-PET
  • PCB and flake buyers’ stocks are high and buying appetite is down
  • Macroeconomic uncertainty, high inflation, slow end-use demand

PCB stock levels in September and October have become so large in some cases that some waste managers have asked customers if they could use any spare storage. PCB quality can degrade the longer it is kept in storage, especially outside. Some buyers have also tried to buy lower-priced bales to bring the overall cost of the product down. Flake producers are also sitting on a lot of stock, forcing some to slash prices to shift material and free up some much-needed cash flow. However, lower prices have not translated into higher demand.


Players in the European R-PET market say post-summer demand for recycled content has failed to materialise, and many do not think it will return anytime soon. Brands and fast-moving consumer good (FMCG) companies are revising or reconsidering their recycled content targets, and several suppliers to both sectors have noted a drop in volumes, which they expect to continue into 2023.

This is despite the EU’s mandated target of 25% R-PET content in PET beverage bottles by 2025 creeping closer. In the sheet and thermoforming sector – which does not yet have an EU-mandated recycled content target although the EU has plans to introduce one – packaging companies will continue to save on costs by using cheaper PET and cutting the volume of R-PET content in products.

In addition, rising inflation and recession fears have prompted consumers to change purchasing habits, in turn impacting R-PET demand. However, rising energy costs are likely to be the biggest concern and challenge for the R-PET market for the foreseeable future. In Europe, recyclers have seen their electricity bills double, triple, and quadruple, impacting the final price of flake and pellets in a market which is already incredibly price-sensitive. How a country’s government or energy provider handles the expected rise in electricity costs will put a recycler at an advantage or disadvantage depending on where it is. Recyclers in Italy already pay considerably higher electricity costs compared to neighbour Spain, according to one Italian recycler in mid-October. Adding to this is the concern that the war in Ukraine will cause a reduction or even a cut in Russian gas supplies to Europe, and the prospect that this could stop R-PET production. If gas prices also rise in winter, consumer habits may change again, making predictions about demand even harder. Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET

The only certainty is uncertainty as the cold winter draws in. Some just want to settle in and ride out the coming storm, hoping 2023 will offer a sunnier outlook – but few expect to see the dark clouds currently looming over the R-PET market to clear any time soon.

What's going on with rPET?

-Ottawa-born scientist on turning agricultural waste into plastic alternative called ‘Grasstic’

Amanda Johnson is a nature-loving biochemist working to create a plastic alternative from crop leftovers.

“When you spend time in nature you develop a relationship and want to protect it,” says Johnson, an eloquent and ardent PhD student in the Faculty of Forestry at the University of British Columbia.

Johnson, a lifelong camper, hiker, nature lover and mother of two young children, who grew up in Ottawa and studied biochemistry at the University of Ottawa, is researching turning agricultural waste into an alternative to plastic.

She calls the product she developed, “Grasstic” – a bioplastic made from the residual stalks of crops like corn or wheat. Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET

“It’s abundant agricultural waste and currently no-one is doing anything with it other than bailing it off the field or sometimes tilling it in,” explains Johnson.

“I thought I’m going to play around with this in the lab and I did.”

Johnson says she tried different formulation processes.

“And it was pretty amazing because I actually held this plastic in my hand thinking it looks like plastic, it feels like plastic.  I knew I was onto something.”

Johnson turned to her younger brother, David, for the name.

“He said, ‘It’s made from grass, right?’ I said, ‘Yeah’.  He said, ‘call it Grasstic.'”

Grasstic stuck.

And ‘fantastic’ aspects of Grasstic were first learned when Johnson worked with grasses during her Masters.

“Grasses are made up of 20 per cent of the biopolymer called xylan and nothing is being done with it. It’s just a matter of getting it out of the plants and putting it into bioplastics,” she says.

There are biodegradable plastic products out there but Johnson, committed to food sustainability, and conscious of food scarcity issues, wants to improve the options currently on the market.

“If you go to the store, you’ll be able to see biodegradable plastic bags that are made from plant polymers. The thing with these is that they’re made from corn, corn starch,” says Johnson.

“When we start making packaging out of our food, we are going to run into problems with scarcity. We want to make them out of things that aren’t food.”

The best uses for Grasstic, so far, are in packaging dry goods.

“Those films that you have on pastry products or dried goods boxes would be a perfect application for Grasstic.”

Johnson demonstrates Grasstic being used to replace the plastic windows of pasta boxes and baked goods.

Those boxes then become totally biodegradable.

Johnson hosted a podcast about food, farming and sustainability and was motivated to get into the lab to create a new bioplastic when she learned the stats on plastics.

“Ninety per cent of the plastics we use, even the ones we put into the recycle bin, are never going to be recycled.”

“They’re going to end up in an incinerator, or landfill, or worst-case scenario, contaminating our environment where they’ll stick around,” says the research scientist.

Grasstic is now being tested for its rate of biodegradability.

“If you were to toss a Grasstic bag in your home compost, it would be completely gone in six weeks. If you sent it off to an industrial composting facility, it would be gone in four weeks,” says the scientist.

“Currently, I’m testing how Grasstic biodegrades in the ocean. We are on day 95 of the experiment, and more than half of the Grasstic has biodegraded. So Grasstic is well on its way to being certified biodegradable.”  Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET

Why we need plastic alternatives

“Nature has no way of breaking down plastic,” Johnson says.

“Plastics break down into microscopic pieces called microplastics.”

“Microplastics get into our water and our food. Scientists are only beginning to understand the problems they cause when ingested.”

Plastics are made out of fossil fuels, which are a non-renewable resource.

“Huge amounts of plastic have accumulated in the ocean. Sea animals such as turtles and albatross mistake plastic for food and it kills them.”

That reality drives Johnson’s work. Her time in the lab for Johnson is fuelled by a lifetime spent outdoors.

“I’ve been close to nature my entire life. Growing up, my siblings and I spent countless hours playing in the forest behind our Ottawa home. My dad would take us biking along the Rideau Canal. My mom went camping with us.”

And while Johnson, who now calls Victoria, B.C. home, reflects on that Ottawa past, she and her husband, Greg, are looking to create a promising future for their four-year-old, Millie and 15-month old Ori.

“Now that I’m a mom I want my kids to have the same chance to connect with nature. And that makes me passionate about preserving the environment.”


Ottawa-born scientist on turning agricultural waste into plastic alternative called 'Grasstic'

-Huntsman Develops Breakthrough Bio-based Polyurethane System

Visco-elastic foam containing up to 20% bio-based content lowers automotive carbon footprint without sacrificing performance.

Huntsman has launched Acoustiflex VEF BIO — a visco-elastic foam containing up to 20% bio-based content derived from vegetable oils for molded acoustic applications in the automotive industry. This new solution can lower the carbon footprint of automotive carpet back-foaming by up to 25% compared with existing Huntsman systems for this application. The technology can also be used for dash and wheel arch insulation.

The Acoustiflex VEF BIO system addresses rising demand for material technologies that can help automotive manufacturers lower their carbon footprint without sacrificing performance. The bio-based content in its Acoustiflex VEF BIO system has zero impact on any of the acoustic or mechanical characteristics required by makers of parts or automotive OEMs, said Huntsman.

Irina Bolshakova, Global Marketing Lead for Automotive Polyurethanes at Huntsman, explains more: “Previously, there was a frustration that incorporating bio-based content into a polyurethane (PU) foam system would have a detrimental impact on performance, specifically on emission and odor levels. The development of our Acoustiflex VEF BIO system proves that doesn’t need to be the case.”  Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET

To wit:

Acoustic performance analysis experiments show that Huntsman’s original VEF systems can outclass standard high-resilient (HR) foams at lower frequencies (<500 Hz). Acoustiflex VEF BIO system achieves the same magnitude of sound-reducing capability.

In developing the Acoustiflex VEF BIO system, Huntsman has continued its work in the development of zero-amine, zero-plasticizer, and extremely low aldehyde-emitting PU foams. As a result, the system is ranked low in emissions and odor.

The Acoustiflex VEF BIO system remains lightweight.

Huntsman’s automotive team has ensured there are no associated processing disadvantages. The Acoustiflex VEF BIO system can still be used to quickly create components that have complex geometric shapes and sharp angles, with high productivity rates and demold times as low as 80 seconds, depending on part design.

“Polyurethanes are very hard to beat when it comes to pure acoustic performance,” continued Irina. “They are incredibly effective at muffling sound, reducing vibrations, and dampening down any harshness caused by the movement of a vehicle. Our Acoustiflex VEF BIO system takes that to the next level. Incorporating bio-based content into the mix to deliver a lower carbon acoustic solution, that does not compromise emission or odor requirements, is far better for vehicle brands and their partners and customers – but also the planet.”

Huntsman Develops Breakthrough Bio-based Polyurethane System

Compostable-plastic – Battery – rPET

Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET 07-11-2022

Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET 07-11-2022

Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET

Polyester-Filament- Petrochemicals

Russia-GDP - PET-bottles - rPET

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Russia’s GDP in September fell by 5%

In September 2022, Russia’s GDP fell by 5% year-on-year after falling by 4.1% in August,Interfaxreported, citing the Russian Ministry of Economic Development.

The fall in Russia’s GDP in September 2022, according to the Ministry of Economic Development, amounted to 5.0% in annual comparison after a decrease of 4.0% in August (the estimate is refined from 4.1%), by 4.3% in July, by 5.0% in June, by 4.5% in May, by 2.7% in April, growth by 1.4% in March, by 4.2% in February and 5.7% in January, according to the ministry’s review “On the current situation in the economy” published on Wednesday.

According to the ministry, the decline in Russia’s GDP in the third quarter of 2022 amounted to 4.4% in annual terms after a decrease of 4.1% in the second quarter and an increase of 3.5% in the first quarter. The ministry of economic development estimated the decline in Russia’s GDP for January-September 2022 at 2.0%. The ministry notes that the dynamics of GDP is close to the forecast trajectory and confirms the forecast of economic decline by the end of 2022 at the level of 2.9%.

“According to preliminary estimates of the Ministry of Economic Development, in September, GDP growth accelerated in monthly terms to 2.1% m/m after plus 1.8% m/m in August. At the same time, against the background of the high base of September last year, the dynamics in annual terms amounted to minus 5.0% yoy, in general for the third quarter – minus 4.4% y / y. GDP dynamics is close to the forecast trajectory and by the end of 2022 will be minus 2.9%,” the review of the Ministry of Economic Development says. As reported, the Ministry of Economic Development predicts a decline in Russia’s GDP in 2022 by 2.9%, a decrease in 2023 by 0.8%, an increase of 2.6% in 2024 and 2025.  Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET

The Central Bank’s forecasts for the dynamics of the economy for 2022-2025 are more conservative than the expectations of the Russian government. The Bank of Russia last week improved the forecast for a decline in Russia’s GDP in 2022 to 3-3.5% from 4-6% according to the previous July forecast. At the same time, in the fourth quarter of 2022, the Central Bank expects a decline in the economy by 6.4-7.8% in annual terms.

The central bank left the forecast for a decrease in Russia’s GDP in 2023 unchanged – 1-4%. In 2024-2025, Russia’s GDP, according to the forecast of the Central Bank, will grow by 1.5-2.5% annually. The consensus forecast of analysts polled by Interfax in early October for a decline in GDP in 2022 is 3.8%, in 2023 a decrease of 2.1% is expected.

Earlierit was reported that the decline in industrial production in the Russian Federation in September 2022 increased to 3.1% in annual comparison after a decrease of 0.1% in August, 0.5% in July, 2.4% in June and May, 2.6% in April.

In January-September 2022, the Industry of the Russian Federation grew by 0.4% (due to high growth in the first quarter – by 5.1% in annual terms, in the second quarter the decline was by 2.5%, in the third quarter a decrease of 1.3%).

Russia-GDP - PET-bottles - rPET

-Ionic+ Botanical extends garment durability

New biobased fabric technology uses citric-based formula.

Noble Biomaterials, the developer of antimicrobial and conductivity solutions for soft surface applications, is introducing  Ionic+ Botanical for antimicrobial and anti-odour fabric treatments.

The new product uses a renewable citric-based technology which is pending EPA approval and is applied as a topical fabric finish. Its durability comes from the use of advanced textile technology and it is rated at 50 wash cycles.

“Ionic+ Botanical checks many boxes that biobased technologies on the market struggle to meet,” says Joel Furey, founder and chief commercial officer at Noble Biomaterials. “There is a challenge to meet EPA guidance and maintain durable performance. We have made a clear distinction here in developing the best botanical product on the market to build on the strength of our exisiting technology.”

Noble’s existing antimicrobial fabric technology uses positively charged silver ions to inhibit the growth of bacteria on soft surfaces. The silver metalized-yarn and silver-based extruded-yarn lead the antimicrobial fabric category with permanent technology that never washes out. The genesis of Noble’s Ionic+ antimicrobial technology started 25 years ago with the development of X-Static yarns. Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET

“We work with our customers to customise their approach to building sustainable fabrics,” said Furey. “Our permanent mineral technology is used on products designed for a long life cycle and extended life for re-commerce and technical performance. Our durable biobased technology can be applied on products that strive to reduce care maintenance and conserve water and energy resources.”

Prior to the pandemic, Noble saw increasing demand for Ionic+ and antimicrobial fabrics in active wear and health care. Today, the products are to be found in several categories, including the travel and leisure market, luggage, home bedding and towels and sport accessories. Noble is developing Ionic+ Botanical with select material development partners, including Salomon, Crystal Denim, and home textiles leader Trident.

“As one of the largest home fashion manufacturers world-wide, the Trident Group is consistently on the forefront of innovation and the application of advanced technologies,” said Jeffery Kambak CEO of US Operations at Trident Group. “Our partnership with Noble in developing new products with Ionic+ is key to our leadership position.”

“Our collaboration with Noble on Ionic+ allows Salomon products to be worn longer between washes, reducing the impact on water usage,” added Tim Maud, innovation lab director at Salomon. “Using Noble’s biobased, anti-odour treatment ensures our impact on the environment is reduced and our product life cycle is increased.”

Russia-GDP - PET-bottles - rPET

-Koksan launches a new PET resin plant
Koksan Pet ve Plastik AS is proud to announce that it has successfully commissioned its new PET resin plant with an additional capacity of 216,000 Mton / year under UHIF license (Uhde – Inventa Fischer) with production of MTR (Melt-to- Resin) starting November 1, 2022.
The production site, located in the Gaziantep company’s HQ in Turkey, is also located in the company’s first plant in operation since 2013 and has the same production capacity of 216,000 tons / year. The new plant will be able to produce not only PET bottle resin, but also textile and film quality polyester resins.
With this capacity increase, Köksan will reach an annual capacity of 432,000 tons, making it Turkey’s largest PET bottle resin producer and Europe’s second largest under one roof. With this volume of Bottle Grade Pet Resin production, Turkey will be the country with the largest production capacity in Europe. Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET
According to company sources, KOKSAN aims to meet Turkey’s needs through domestic consumption (which helps decrease imports) and export remaining volumes, particularly to markets in Europe, North Africa and the United States.
Along with the production of Bottle Grade Pet Resin, Koksan continues to be successful
Production of Pet preforms in two locations, PE closures, Pet sheets and PE stretch films with about 1500 employees.

Koksan launches a new PET resin plant

-Too much room for reuse in the new Packaging Directive?
Beverage producers in Europe and Confindustria in Italy sound the alarm. At risk would be the plastics recycling chain and PNRR funds for the circular economy.
In Italy, Confindustria was the first to move in the field of communication, but in Europe the associations representing the producers of beverages and mineral waters are already on a war footing. The objectives on the reuse of packaging – and in particular of plastic bottles – contained in the proposal to amend the EU Directive on packaging and packaging waste that the Commission will present by the end of the month and of which a first draft is circulating ( read article).
In article 27 (Re-use and refill targets), in fact, mandatory reuse targets are set, in 2030 and 2040, for a series of packaging such as multiples and for transport (secondary and tertiary), take-away containers for food and hot and cold drinks, bottles containing alcoholic beverages other than wine and spirits and bottles containing water, juices or soft drinks. For these last two categories of packaging, namely bottles, the proposed directive requires beverage manufacturers to use 20% of reusable containers starting from 1 January 2030 to reach 75% in 2040. Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET
This article of the Directive has raised alarm among beverage producers: four European industry associations – AIJN – European Fruit Juice Association (fruit juices), The Brewers of Europe (brewers), Natural Mineral Waters Europe (mineral waters), Unesda Soft Drinks Europe (soft drinks) – issued a note in which they define the objectives on the reuse of bottles as “high, disproportionate and unjustified”, with a strong impact on the sector, to the point of undermining the very survival of SMEs; impact that would also extend to the recycling sector, with the dismantling of existing collection, sorting and recovery systems. The four associations also point out the too high cost that this decision would entail for the entire industry. Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET
“Although our sectors already use reusable packaging as part of the mix and are committed to increasing its offer, with the implementation of appropriate policy measures, the reuse targets currently formulated are unrealistic and inconsistent – the note reads -. account of the enormous efforts and investments that companies in the sector are making to achieve the circularity of packaging through greater recyclability and collection, in addition to the increasing use of recycled content. More seriously, there is no environmental impact assessment that certifies how these objectives could improve the protection of the environment “.
“In recent years, our sectors have worked tirelessly to achieve 100% recyclable packaging and achieve ever greater levels of recycled content and we have promoted measures to increase recycling rates – underline the four associations -. Reusable packaging is not de facto the only sustainable option, as the European Commission is now suggesting. It is part of the circularity solution, complementary to recycling and reducing packaging “.
“Our sector is already achieving high collection rates for recycling and is moving towards full circularity – says Patricia Fosselard, Secretary General of Natural Mineral Waters Europe -. The introduction of unrealistically high reuse rates will significantly undermine this progress and put the sector at risk, while the environmental benefit of this policy measure has yet to be demonstrated. ”
In Italy, the baton was picked up by Confindustria. Stefan Pan (in the photo), delegate for Europe of the industrial association, raised the alarm from the columns of the main national economic newspaper, asking the Commission to postpone the presentation of the proposal to amend the Directive “in order to have the time to understand the devastating impact on various Italian and European supply chains and on a system of excellence such as the recycling industry. “Confindustria – explained Pan – is working both at a political level, with the new Italian government, and with the other industrial associations of the EU: “We are preparing a proposal to be shared with the German and French Confindustria – he declared -. The new regulation affects us most of all because we are top of the class. But it also has repercussions in Germany, Austria, France, Spain and Poland: we dialogue with the industrial associations of these countries because it is important to move together. We also want to involve the trade unions, and obviously the governments, because it is an issue that affects everyone. We will try to get our requests to all institutions Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET

Too much room for reuse in the new Packaging Directive?

-Can the PET resin market stabilize with a daily turnover exceeding 90kt?
After two months of continued obscurity, the PET bottle chip market finally got off to a good start in early November, with daily sales of over 90,000 tons on November 1st, bringing some confidence to the gloomy market. So will the PET bottle chip market stabilize? At the moment, market participants still maintain a cautious and wait-and-see attitude for the future, but there is still a lot of speculative demand seen from the turnover.
From a historical trend perspective, there are only two conditions for the market price of PET bottle chips to stabilize: one is that the cost stabilizes or rises and the other is the significant rebound in demand. Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET
On the cost side, the rise in polyester commodity futures is mainly driven by the easing of the macro mindset, especially the initial discussion of epidemic prevention and control triggered a rebound in commodities and equity markets. However, given the two main raw material products, PTA and MEG, in the short term, in addition to the maintenance plan of the PTA plant and the new production capacity plan of the MEG, there is no obvious change in the fundamentals, and c ‘there is a lack of an obvious upward or downward push in one’s market for the moment and there is a high probability of stabilization and fluctuation within the low range.
In terms of demand, it can be divided into two parts: Chinese domestic demand and foreign demand. Since 2018, the market for PET bottle chips has increased and the main driver comes from the sharp increase in export orders. However, at the moment, the export market is mild. While delivery volume can be substantially guaranteed at 300,000 tons or more, new orders since the third quarter are substantially below the same level as last year, with limited market support and even a brake on the Chinese domestic market mentality. Regarding domestic sales in China, although November-December orders seem mediocre overall, the volume of purchases for 2023 goods continues to grow. According to CCFGroup statistics, from October to early November, the procurement volume of China’s large domestic downstream factories reached around 440,000 tons, most of which are Q1 2023 orders. In general, as the price continues to touch new lows, enthusiasm for purchases from downstream factories also increases. The purchase price also drops from 7,300 yuan / ton to around 6,450 yuan / ton EXW. So, from this point of view, recently, the increased interest in purchasing domestic futures is one of the main reasons for the decline in the PET bottle chip market.
Plant maintenance
In addition, from November to December, the PET bottle market will usher in the last turnaround season in 2022, including the 500 kt / year Yisheng Hainan PET bottle chip unit, the 600 kt / year China unit. Resources (Zhuhai), the Far Eastern 550 kt / year unit, Sinopec Yizheng 150 kt / year unit and 250 kt / year Dragon Special Resin unit, totaling 2.05 million tons. Due to the staggered partial maintenance time, the maximum impact on operating speed is expected to be approximately 14 percentage points. In terms of new start-ups, Sichuan Hanjiang New Material 500kt / year’s new PET bottle chip unit is expected to go into production in November, but final delivery of higher quality products to the market is expected to take place within the end of November or the beginning of December, which for the moment will not have a significant impact on the market.
Overall, in the short term, due to stabilization of polyester raw material costs and plant maintenance plans, the market for PET bottle chips could bottom out. However, as major downstream producers continue to purchase large quantities of forward commodities, some bottle chip plants may transact at discounts in order to maintain market share.


Can the PET resin market stabilize with a daily turnover exceeding 90kt?

-Amcor technology: cut of over half the material and weight of PET bottles

Amcor Rigid Packaging has unveiled a two-step light-weighting technology set to remove over 50% of the material and weight in the finish of PET bottles – a development thought to produce attractive packaging, lower manufacturing costs, and reduce carbon emissions.

Originally developed for the spirits industry, the company claims that its new Quantum technology allows for the utilisation of 100% recycled material and produces fully recyclable packaging applicable to healthcare, home and personal care, and food and dairy applications, amongst others.

Reportedly, it utilises PET due to its ‘infinite’ recyclability and low carbon footprint, with a previous life cycle analysis conducted by Amcor asserting that the production of PET bottles results in 70% fewer greenhouse gas emissions than other packaging materials.

“Our customers and consumers alike are looking for ways to support the circular economy and eliminate waste, and our engineers have developed a new technology that meets their needs and advances more sustainable packaging,” said Terry Patcheak, vice president of R&D, Sustainability and Project Management at ARP. “We’re helping our customers support source reduction, reduce material use and reduce weight, which means a lighter and more sustainable package.” Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET

Previously, an LCA conducted on Avantium’s plant-based PEF in 250ml and 500ml bottles by the Nova Institute suggested that the material’s mechanical properties enable light-weighting that would reduce pressure on abiotic resources by 47%.

Stephane Triquet, vice president of strategic marketing at Selig, also told us that the light-weighting of glass packaging for non-sparkling wines has grown in popularity, with retailers seeking to reduce the reported 50% of carbon emissions caused by a glass bottle during the production of wine.

Amcor technology: cut of over half the material and weight of PET bottles

-Enel, a rock-based energy storage system in Tuscany
The Enel Group and Brenmiller Energy inaugurated an innovative sustainable energy storage plant this morning in Tuscany, in Santa Barbara in the municipality of Cavriglia (Ar). Present were the president of the Tuscany Region Eugenio Giani, the mayor of Cavriglia Leonardo Degl’Innocenti o Sanni, the designated ambassador of Israel in Italy Alon Bar, the director of Enel Green Power and Thermal Generation of Enel Salvatore Bernabei, the director of Innovability of Enel Ernesto Ciorra and the president and CEO of Brenmiller Energy Avi Brenmiller.
the goal of the TES (Thermal Energy Storage) project was to obstruct at the Italian site of Santa Barbara an innovative thermal storage system, completely sustainable and capable of accelerating the energy transition. “The integration of the TES with the existing plant has allowed Enel and Brenmiller to validate the technology in the field, in challenging operating conditions and on a large scale”, reads a note.
The system allows a reduction in plant start-up times and a greater speed in load variations, performance characteristics necessary to allow a growing penetration of renewables. The system can be used to store excess energy produced from renewable sources in the form of heat to offer decarbonization services to industrial customers and to integrate long-term storage solutions with renewable plants. Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET
Brenmiller Energy developed the technology in Israel and supplied the storage system; Enel integrated the system with the Santa Barbara plant and helped validate its performance in a real environment. TES technology uses a two-step charge and discharge process to deliver thermal energy. In the charging phase, the steam generated by the Santa Barbara plant passes through pipes to heat adjacent fragmented rocks; in the discharge phase, the accumulated heat is released to heat the water under pressure and generate steam to produce electricity. The TES system, the first of its kind, has the ability to store up to about 24 MWh of clean heat at a temperature of about 550 ° C for 5 hours, ensuring significant resilience to the system.
“Flexibility and adequacy are two fundamental components of an efficient and reliable electrical system, which can be supplied more and more efficiently by accumulations – says Salvatore Bernabei, Enel Green Power and Thermal Generation Director of Enel -. This experimentation allows us to validate a family of innovative and sustainable technologies in the segment of long-term storage, which will allow an ever greater integration of renewables into the grid “.
“This solution makes it possible to make renewables more reliable, flexible and resilient and can be used to decarbonise sectors that need heat at high temperatures – explains Ernesto Ciorra, Director of Innovability at Enel -. Furthermore, it does not involve any use of rare materials and can be made using stones available in every part of the planet, so it is scalable in a sustainable way everywhere. We thank the colleagues of the Tel Aviv hub for having found it and the Italian colleagues for having created it, also thanks to the financial support deriving from the collaboration between the Italian and Israeli governments “.
“Our TES system at the Enel plant in Santa Barbara, Tuscany, is the first of its kind with utility-scale thermal energy storage and offers commercial and industrial users a viable path towards decarbonisation – underlines Avi Brenmiller, president and CEO of Brenmiller Energy -. The TES also makes it possible to integrate additional renewable sources into the grid with greater reliability. We believe that the success of this project reflects the type of innovative collaborations necessary for the transition of the global economy from a context of strong, albeit decreasing, dependence on fossil fuels, towards the creation of networks on which 100% clean energy travels. , flexible and convenient “.
“This inauguration – said Eugenio Giani, president of the Tuscany Region – confirms that the Tuscan territory plays a central role in energy, both for production and for innovation. Welcoming sustainability today means doing good for the environment, attracting investments and creating value, which is why we are particularly happy with Enel’s choice to test here in Santa Barbara, which has always been a land of work and ingenuity, new technologies that can be applied on a scale. world. Tuscany is already one of the most virtuous Italian regions with over 50% of self-produced energy from renewable sources and an important research and innovation fabric, today we are taking a new step into the future with the hope

About Thermal Energy Storage (TES)

Enel, a rock-based energy storage system in Tuscany

Russia-GDP – PET-bottles – rPET

Enzyme-recycled – Circular-economy 05-11-2022

Recycled-prices -Flame-Retardant 02-11-2022

Recycled-prices -Flame-Retardant

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-New Flame-Retardant Additives and Characterization Techniques

Spain’s plastics technology center AIMPLAS is conducting research into the use of non-halogenated additives from renewable sources that won’t degrade during the production process.

The building and construction and automotive sectors, among other industries, increasingly use polymers in addition to so-called traditional materials, such as metal and metal by-products, and organic, stone and soil-based materials.

The main advantage of polymers is the combination of their low weight and various functionalities, including thermal and acoustic insulation, watertightness, and resistance, as well as the multiple sizes and finishes that are available. They also have a downside, however — flammability, which must be taken into account when establishing active and passive safety and protection systems in the event of fire in the immediate area. To address this problem, polymeric materials can be modified to make them flame retardant and, thus, considerably improve their fire performance.

This used to be accomplished by combining polymers with halogenated compounds. Most of these compounds are now prohibited, because they release toxic gases when they burn. Today, compounders and plastics processors use non-halogenated flame-retardant additives such as aluminum, phosphorus, and magnesium. The problem is that fossil-based raw materials such as phosphorus, a limited resource, are consumed to synthesize these additives. It is estimated that affordable reserves of phosphorus will be depleted in less than a hundred years.

Research is now underway to obtain flame-retardant additives from renewable sources. These additives are not halogenated and, therefore, have low toxicity, and are combined with renewable materials instead of petroleum-based products. One drawback is that these additives have poor resistance to high temperatures, which causes them to degrade during the manufacturing process.

Microencapsulation is one method to prevent degradation that is used in the food, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals sectors to increase thermal stability and control the migration rate, if needed. The encapsulation technique also has been applied in recent years to polymer processing. Recycled-prices -Flame-Retardant

Once flame-retardant polymers have been synthesized and developed, they may be used in building and construction, as well as the mobility and transportation and electrical and electronics sectors.

Recycled-prices -Flame-Retardant

-Wastefront wins grant for tire-derived oil purification project

Project to develop catalyst-based process for purifying pyrolysis oil from waste tires

Norwegian waste tire recycling company Wastefront As has been awarded a €2 million grant to develop a catalyst-based oil purification process.

The grant from Eureka Eurostars – a funding-programme for business collaborations in commercialising innovative products – was awarded to Hyfuel, a joint project between Wastefront and Swedish chemical engineering company Hulteberg.

As part of the project, the companies aim to develop a catalyst technology to purify pyrolysis oil extracted from end-of-life tires (ELTs). Recycled-prices -Flame-Retardant

The initiative will enable Wastefront to optimise some of the characteristics of tire-derived oil to make it a suitable biofuel replacement for diesel fuel.

“This marks an important step in Wastefront’s mission to improve oil quality and sustainable solutions portfolio,” the company said in a 1 Nov statement.

With the grant, Wastefront said it will accelerate the development of efficient solutions to tackle large-scale tire wastes and a scientific processes to create a ‘circular tire economy’.

Backed by energy giant Vitol, Wastefront secured planning permission in January 2022 to build the £100 million (€120 million) tire recycling plant in Sunderland, which is set to be commercially operational by 2025.

At full capacity, the plant will be able to manage 20% of the UK’s total ELTs through processing 80,000 tonnes annually.

Wastefront wins grant for tire-derived oil purification project

-Weak demand pushes prices lower

Recyclers consider reducing output or shutting plants

Recycled plastics prices fell across the board during September and October. The economic downturn and fear of a recession have severely weakened demand. In addition, as the cost of virgin polymers tumbled in recent months, a number of converters and brand owners elected to switch from recyclate to lower-priced virgin material for products where sustainability is not a key selling point.

In view of the weak demand and falling prices, recyclers have been unable to pass through higher energy costs onto converters. As a result, the profitability of plastics recycling has been undermined. Recyclers are responding by either taking an unprofitable line out of production or by completely shutting down recycling facilities.

The cutback in production has so far been insufficient to stabilise recycled plastics prices due to the very weak demand. Hence, material availability has been sufficient to meet overall demand over the last two months.

R-PET clear flake and clear food grade pellet prices have fallen by €120-130/tonne over the last two months. R-PET coloured flake prices, where demand has been more resilient, have only fallen by €40-50/tonne. R-LDPE film prices have fallen by €140-160/tonne since the start of September. R-HDPE prices have fallen by €130-140/tonne over the same period. R-PP copolymer prices are down by €150/tonne with R-PP homopolymer prices down by €120/tonne. R-HIPS prices have fallen by €140/tonne.

Weak end user demand and further switching by some consumer goods producers from recycled to lower-priced virgin material is likely to put further downward pressure on recycled plastics prices in November. To achieve better market balance and restore price stability, more recyclers are expected to consider either reducing production or shutting down recycling facilities altogether.Recycled-prices -Flame-Retardant

Recycled polyethylene terephthalate (R-PET)

R-PET prices have been quite resilient to the impact of declining demand in recent months but succumbed to lower sales in September. Clear R-PET pellets and clear flake prices declined by €50/tonne while coloured flake prices dropped by €30/tonne.

Demand weakened further at the start of the low season and the high price levels also deterred sales. Some converters switched to lower-priced standard PET for products that had not been advertise for their sustainability credentials.

There was ample supplies of bottle scrap to meet demand; bottle scrap prices softened by around €25/tonne.

In October, the price decline for clear R-PET pellets and clear flake materials gathered pace with price rebates of around €70-80/tonne. R-PET demand was low at the start of the off-season for the beverage industry. Coloured flake prices, where demand was more resilient, fell by only €20-30/tonne. Overall, production was sufficient to cover contracted volumes despite some production cutbacks.

Recycled low-density polyethylene (R-LDPE)

R-LDPE prices fell sharply in September on weakening demand. Film grades were discounted by €80-100/tonne while black extrusion grade pries dropped by €60-70/tonne. Recyclers largely failed in their attempt to pass through higher energy costs onto buyers. As a result, many recyclers are being forced to either trim production or shut down facilities in order to stem losses. Nevertheless, material availability remained generally adequate.

A downturn in the economy has dampened overall demand for recyclate and some brand owners have opted to switch to lower-priced off-spec standard material, where feasible.

R-LDPE prices have maintained a downward trajectory in October due to continued weak demand and competition from lower-priced virgin material. As a result, recyclers were unable to pass through higher energy costs. As profitability has been squeezed even further, a number of recyclers have either reduced production or shut down facilities altogether. Recycled-prices -Flame-Retardant

Recycled high-density polyethylene (R-HDPE)

In September, R-HDPE prices fell again as a result of weak demand and competition from virgin material. Coloured blow moulding pellet prices were down by €50/tonne and black injection moulding pellets prices fell by €80/tonne. Recyclers’ attempts to factor in higher energy costs largely failed.

Recyclers of HDPE are suffering from very low demand as a result of the economic slowdown and switching of product from recyclate to lower-priced standard material, where possible. Automotive and E&E were the worst performing end use sectors for R-HDPE products.

In October, weak demand and growing competition from falling standard HDPE prices contributed to a further fall in R-HDPE prices. Coloured blow moulding pellet prices were €80/tonne down on September with black injection moulding pellet prices down by €60/tonne.

Recycled polypropylene (R-PP)

R-PP prices fell sharply in September due to weak demand, despite rising energy costs. Black copolymer pellet prices dropped by €100/tonne while black homopolymer pellet prices were €50/tonne lower. The inability of recyclers to raise prices sufficiently to cover higher energy costs has resulted in production cutbacks and the shutdown of several recycling facilities

The economic downturn has weakened demand for recyclate while material availability remained generally sufficient to fulfil contractual obligations.

R-PP prices continued to decline during October as weak demand more than offset production cutbacks. Both black homopolymer and black copolymer prices fell by €60/tonne.Recycled-prices -Flame-Retardant

Recycled high-impact polystyrene (R-HIPS)

R-HIPS prices crashed by up to €100/tonne in September in the face of weakening demand. A sharp reduction in virgin HIPS prices is also piling competitive pressure on recyclate prices. There was sufficient material available to meet contractual obligations.

Recycled-prices -Flame-Retardant

-Eastman confirms offtake agreement with PepsiCo for third US chemical recycling site

Announced as part of the Q3 earnings release, Eastman has confirmed an offtake agreement with consumer goods giant PepsiCo for its third planned polyethylene terephthalate (PET) chemical recycling facility in the US, the location of which has not been announced.

While the exact volumes of the offtake agreement were not shared, Eastman did confirm that the third methanolysis facility will have a planned input capacity of 160,000 tonnes/year of hard to recycle PET waste and a planned output capacity of over 150,000 tonnes/year. Recycled-prices -Flame-Retardant

The facility is anticipated to be online by the end of 2026.

As stated in Eastman’s Q3 prepared remarks, “This definitive agreement is an important milestone for Eastman’s circular economy platform, and we are looking forward to making progress on this and our other two molecular recycling projects in the coming quarters as we continue to prove to the world what is possible.”

Per the call, this latest agreement has given Eastman the confidence in their baseload demand to beginning the engineering work on their third facility. While the location has not been announced, tax documents filed earlier this year suggest they are considering locations in Texas.

Also reiterated during their latest earnings call, Eastman’s first facility in Kingsport, Tennessee should be mechanically completed at the end of the first quarter of 2023, with a processing capacity of 110,000 tonnes/year of hard to recycled PET waste.

Recycled-prices -Flame-Retardant

-Italy’s Marchi & Fildi unveil Gleaming line of metalloplastic yarns

The Gleaming line by Italy’s Marchi & Fildi group has launched reflective yarns, Reflex, used for the production of fabrics and tapes. The yarns can reflect light and ensure good visibility for people in low-light situations. It is augmented by new colour shades in addition to the traditional greys. The Gleaming line has a range of metalloplastic yarns.

In addition to uses in fashion and furnishings, for fancy yarns, decoration and accessories, an important application for the Gleaming collection is in the sector of technical clothing with high-visibility features.

The innovative reflective yarns in white, black, and light and dark multicolours offer new possibilities for tapes, external labels and accessories; technical fabrics for work clothing with specific safety standards; uniforms, sports clothing and accessories; and hosiery, gloves, bibs and hats for night use, for winter clothing and for northern markets, the company said in a press release. Recycled-prices -Flame-Retardant

The Reflex stretch yarn finds application in flat beds or circular knitting and sewing. Its particular composition makes it softer and more versatile in comparison to traditional reflectives. The Gleaming line, composed of articles which are mostly available in stock service, represents a completion of the range of yarns produced by the Marchi & Fildi. The Gleaming yarns are available in various thicknesses, widths and types in both metallised and transparent versions, and iridescent, reflective and phosphorescent effects. The offer also includes articles with particular features of resistance to chemical and dyeing treatments. Amongst the most recent innovations is the line of metalloplastic yarns in 100 per cent polyester obtained from post-consumer recycling with GRS (Global Recycle Standard) certification.

Italy's Marchi & Fildi unveil Gleaming line of metalloplastic yarns

-Saudi green hydrogen production costs could be lowest in the world: KAPSARC

Given its resources, infrastructure and land, Saudi Arabia is placed at a very competitive position in the green hydrogen industry, especially in terms of cost and volume capacity of the product, according to Rami Shabaneh, a King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center researcher. Recycled-prices -Flame-Retardant

Global prices of hydrogen range between $2 and $7 per kg. The Kingdom falls at the lower end of the cost curve due to low natural gas and renewable electricity prices locally.

“In Saudi Arabia, it is much lower because of the low-cost resources and high capacity factors the electrolyzers can achieve. A recent study by KAPSARC shows that reaching $1 per kg is plausible in the long term,” Shabaneh told Arab News.

“Other countries can achieve a similar levelized cost of hydrogen production, but only a few can produce the volumes required to meet the decarbonization targets,” he added.

The cost of green hydrogen is highly sensitive to renewable electricity costs and electrolyzer load factors.

“The renewable energy prices in the Kingdom are some of the lowest in the world. An auction price accepted at $10.4 per MWh is a world record low right now,” he said.

KAPSARC analyzes the resource, export and cost reduction potential of Saudi Arabia’s hydrogen production.

According to Shabaneh, despite significant decreases in hydrogen costs, the world still needs supporting mechanisms for hydrogen to substitute for traditional fuels in some sectors.

He further pointed out that having fossil fuels in the Kingdom’s energy system does not necessarily mean more emissions.

“You can still use fossil fuels to make blue hydrogen with high capture rates of GHG emissions,” he said.

Saudi Arabia is building a $5 billion green hydrogen project in NEOM, powered by renewable energy, to supply 650 tons of carbon-free hydrogen daily. The plant will see its first production in 2026.

The project will export hydrogen in the form of liquid ammonia to the world market for use as a biofuel that feeds transportation systems.

The plant will need around 4.3 gigawatts of clean energy to power it, as ACWA Power, one of three project owners, plans to use solar during the day and wind at night to eliminate the need for batteries and expensive storage solutions.

Many experts agree that green hydrogen, a carbon-friendly nontoxic gas produced using renewable energy, can play a significant role in achieving a green gas-neutral economy by 2050, helping to combat global warming.

Saudi Arabia is developing policies and regulatory instru- ments to drive technologies in hydrogen development to commercial readiness. Recycled-prices -Flame-Retardant

Saudi green hydrogen production costs could be lowest in the world: KAPSARC

-Portuguese textiles become international player

Shaken in the last 20 years by competition from Asia, Portugal’s textile industry has found its footing again and become a major player, supplying firms not just in Europe but also in the United States.

The industry has benefited from its flexibility and inexpensive labour along with a spirit of innovation focused on limiting damage to the environment.

Near Vila Nova de Famalicao, in the northern district of Porto, the Riopele factory hums with a deafening noise of nearly 200 state-of-the art weaving machines that run 24 hours a day six days a week.

The textile industry’s advantages are “reactivity and the capacity to adapt”, engineer Jose Rosas told AFP as he stood by a digital screen where he follows the massive workshop’s activity in real time. Recycled-prices -Flame-Retardant

One of the jewels in an industry anchored in the Ave valley, the company founded in 1927 and its thousand employees are struggling to meet orders after a respite during the Covid crisis.

Every day, the factory produces 40,000 metres of fabric, 98 per cent of which is earmarked for export.

Among its growing customers are Spain’s Inditex, which owns Zara, and France’s SMCP (Sandro, Maje, Claudie Pierlot and Fursac), according to Portuguese industry figures.

There is also increased demand from firms in Germany and Italy as well as in the United States such as Tommy Hilfiger.

Customers value a “capacity to be different” from foreign competition, Riopele group director Albertina Reis told AFP, citing her firm’s ability to use “new techniques” for sustainable output without compromising on aesthetics.

Alberto Paccanelli, who heads Brussels-based Euratex, which represents the European textile and clothing industry, paid tribute to Portugal’s sector.

“Portugal has the advantage of a workforce that remains competitive” by offering “quality products at reasonable prices,” according to the president of Euratex, which held its annual conference in Porto in mid-October.

Portugal’s textile sector has made a dramatic comeback.

Shaken by competition from companies relocating to Asia for cheaper production costs, the sector lost between the years 2000 and 2015 nearly 100,000 jobs out of a total of 235,000 recorded at the start of the era, according to the Portuguese Textile Association (ATP).

Riopele is one of Portugal’s biggest textile producers but there are many others, including JF Almeida and the TMG group. Recycled-prices -Flame-Retardant

-Ineos Olefins & Polymers Europe, Plastic Energy announce MOU

Ineos Olefins & Polymers Europe and Plastic Energy are joining forces to produce 100,000 tonnes per annum of recycled raw materials from plastic waste. The two companies have entered into a Memorandum Of Understanding that outlines their intentions to construct a commercial-scale plant based on the chemical recycling technology developed by Plastic Energy. The proposed plant will be sited in Köln and represents the largest use of Plastic Energy technology on the market.Recycled-prices -Flame-Retardant

“Our position is that advanced recycling has to be done at scale in order to make the process environmentally and commercially viable,” said Rob Ingram, CEO of Ineos O&P Europe North. Production is targeted for the end of 2026.

The announcement confirms the extension of a partnership between Ineos and Plastic Energy that dates back to 2020, when the companies first undertook to explore the construction of such a plant. Since then, the companies have processed Tacoil produced by pyrolysis process developed by Plastic Energy in the Ineos cracker at Köln, Germany, using this to produce virgin-quality polymers. Selected customers and brands have already used these in their processes to demonstrate the viability and demand for materials from chemical recycling.

Ineos said it was also investing in technology to process the Tacoil further before feeding it to their steam crackers, where it will replace traditional raw materials derived from oil.

Using a mass balance approach, an independent, third-party organisation such as ISCC or RSB will certify that fossil-based feedstocks have been substituted by the new, recycled materials and ensure that recycled benefits are being accounted for correctly.

Ineos Olefins & Polymers Europe, Plastic Energy announce MOU

Recycled-prices -Flame-Retardant

Hydrogen – Circular-Economy 01-11-2022

Polyester-Filaments – Microbes 28-10-2022

Polyester-Filaments – Microbes

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-K 2022 trade fair results

The joy of the plastics and rubber industry at finally being able to exchange ideas in person on a global level again after three years characterised K 2022 Düsseldorf and ensured an excellent mood among the 3,037 exhibitors. The companies reported good leads and a marked willingness to invest among trade visitors, mentioning promising new customer relations and the conclusion of numerous, in part, spontaneous business deals.

176,000 trade visitors from all continents travelled to the event in Düsseldorf. At over 70% the proportion of international guests at K 2022 remained at a constantly high level, say the organisers.

It was especially the wealth of new technology developments that raw materials producers, machine manufacturers and plastics processors presented for implementing the circular economy, resource conservation and climate protection that thrilled the trade visitors.  Polyester-Filaments – Microbes

The trade visitors at this year’s K travelled from 157 nations to the Rhine. Next to Germany, those European countries strongly represented on the visitors’ part included the Netherlands, Italy, Turkey, France, Belgium, Poland and Spain. With 42% of visitors coming from overseas, the reach of K is as high as usual among the international trade audience, state Messe Düsseldorf. While visitors from the East Asian region, in particular, were less well represented than at K three years ago due to the currently more difficult conditions in those countries on account of quarantine regulations, numerous visitors from the USA, Brazil and India were welcomed at K 2022.

For around two thirds of all visitors polled machinery and plant construction ranked first in terms of interest. 57% and, hence 5% more than at K 2019, said they were interested in raw and auxiliary materials, with recyclates and bioplastics being particularly popular. For 28% semi-finished products and technical parts made of plastics and rubber were the main reason for coming (multiple responses possible). Over 70% of all visitors come from top and middle management.

Top marks were given by visitors to K 2022 for the completeness of its ranges and its mapping of the entire supply chain. 98% of all professionals stated they had fully achieved the goals associated with their visit.

During the eight trade fair days it became clear that this year’s K was right on target with its selection of hot topics, circular economy, climate protection and digitalisation. In terms of investment intentions, machinery and equipment for processing and recycling stood out at 43%. The focus was particularly on sustainability, but also on circular economy and energy/resource efficiency in production. Around 40% of decision-makers said they were looking into the topic of decarbonisation.

The K specials, which also focused on the three hot topics, were also well received. The official special show, ‘Plastics Shape the Future’, focused on the economic, social and ecological challenges and potential solutions around the K guiding topics in high-calibre discussions and lectures, and this show was well attended throughout.  The Circular Economy Forum, where the VDMA and 13 of its member companies demonstrated the importance of technology in the implementation of the circular economy in the plastics industry, scored points with the international audience with live demonstrations and a great deal of well-founded knowledge as well as detailed information on the topic.

At this year’s K in Düsseldorf, there was also a lot of discussion about the global production language, OPC UA. This standard allows the processing parameters of the machinery and equipment involved to be coordinated more precisely and in a more targeted manner. This, in turn, is considered an important prerequisite for optimised circular management. 40 companies from eight countries participated in an OPC UA demonstration project at the trade fair.  Polyester-Filaments – Microbes

Polyester-Filaments - Microbes

-Vietnam’s trade may be hit as US, EU forecast to see recession: MoIT

Vietnam’s ministry of industry and trade (MoIT) expects import and export activities to face challenges during the last few months this year that will continue into the next. As several major economies like the United States and the European Union (EU) are projected to go into recession, Vietnam’s trade may get affected, according to Nguyen Cam Trang, deputy director of MoIT’s import-export department.

High inflation in export markets has reduced the demand for consumer goods like textiles, footwear and furniture.  Polyester-Filaments – Microbes

BIDV Securities Joint Stock Company (BSC) offers two scenarios based on the possibility of a US recession. In the first, if the United States sees a recession this year, Vietnam could raise exports by 13.1 per cent and imports by 12.6 per cent.

In the second, if the United States faces a recession in 2023, Vietnam could increase exports by 18 per cent and imports by 17.3 per cent.

Experts at Rong Viet Securities (VDSC) forecast that industrial production and export growth will slow down in the fourth quarter in Vietnam, but the level of decline will be moderate, according to a report in a Vietnamese media outlet.

China maintaining strict measures to prevent and control the COVID-19 pandemic also affects export activities and the supply of raw materials, Trang said.

However, bilateral and multilateral free trade agreements may help the country limit export-related risks.

In the first nine months this year, the country’s export value increased by 17.2 per cent to $282 billion. As a result, the nation gained a trade surplus of over $6.8 billion.

However, in September, export growth slowed and the growth rate decreased by 14 per cent compared to the previous month, mainly in electronics, computers and phones.

Vietnam's trade may be hit as US, EU forecast to see recession: MoIT

-Teijin launches facility for producing Functional Polyester Filaments

Teijin Frontier Co., Ltd.the T Teijin Group’s fibers and products converting company, announced that its core base for polyester fiber manufacturing, Teijin Polyester (Thailand) Limited (TPL), launched a cutting-edge automated facility for the highly efficient production of polyester filaments. Operation began this month.

The new facility is equipped with multi-spindle spinning machines for polyester multifilament yarn and machines capable of adding functional agents. Teijin Frontier invested approximately JPY one billion to construct the facility, which is expected to produce 1,500 tons of polyester filaments annually by the fiscal year ending in March 2024.

The facility will enhance the added value of TPL including through extra-efficient spinning and an automated process for the uniform drying of multifilament. TPL will effectively use the new facility to produce Teijin Frontier’s proprietary polyester filaments for apparel and interior applications, such as the OctaTM highly modified hollow-core fiber and a water-absorbing quick-drying yarn

Teijin Frontier expects to expand the range and improve the functionality of its ECOPET® recycled polyester fibers by integrating the new facility with a separate facility that started operating at TPL in January to convert used plastic bottle flakes sourced in the Thai market into recycled polyester chips.

Polyester-Filaments - Microbes

-Bringing custom microbes to the business of recycling plastic

Two-step chemical and biological process approach turns mixed plastic waste into valuable new materials

Scientists working on a solution for plastic waste have developed a two-step chemical and biological process to break down and upcycle mixed plastics into valuable bioproducts.

The project, which involves multiple institutions, draws on synthetic biology expertise at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory to engineer a microbe that converts deconstructed plastic waste into building blocks for next-generation materials.

The new process, described in the journal Science, would replace a system that now requires painstaking, costly sorting of materials, which has resulted in only about 5% of plastics being recycled in the United States. Polyester-Filaments – Microbes

The project is led by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and also brings together scientists from  the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the University of Wisconsin-Madison and ORNL under the Bio-Optimized Technologies to keep Thermoplastics out of Landfills and the Environment, or BOTTLE, Consortium.

Different plastics contain different polymers, each with unique chemical building blocks. The BOTTLE researchers developed a process to convert mixed plastics to a single chemical product, working toward a solution that would allow recyclers to skip sorting.

The first step in the process relies on oxygen and catalysts to break down large polymer molecules into their smaller chemical building blocks. The process was applied to a mixture of three common plastics: polystyrene, or PS, used in disposable coffee cups; polyethylene terephthalate, or PET, used in single-use beverage bottles, polyester clothing and carpets; and high-density polyethylene, or HDPE, used in many common consumer plastics and often associated with milk jugs.

“This is a potential entry point into processing plastics that cannot be recycled at all today,” said Gregg Beckham, a senior research fellow at NREL and head of BOTTLE.

The oxidation process breaks down these plastics into a complex mixture of chemical compounds — including benzoic acid, terephthalic acid and dicarboxylic acids — that would require advanced and costly separations to yield pure products. That is where biology comes into play.

BOTTLE colleagues engineered a soil microbe, Pseudomonas putida, to biologically convert or “funnel” the mixture of small-molecule intermediates to single products: either polyhydroxyalkanoates, or PHAs, which are an emerging form of biodegradable bioplastics; or beta-ketoadipate, which can be used to make new performance-advantaged nylon materials.

The experiment built on a process developed by ORNL’s Adam Guss and colleagues at NREL to engineer the bacterium with desired traits from other organisms. The process, outlined in the journal Metabolic Engineering, converted deconstructed PET into building blocks for a superior nylon product that is more water- and heat-resistant — ideal for applications such as automotive parts. Polyester-Filaments – Microbes

“We took a combinatorial approach to pathway assembly, basically finding the best combination of genes from different organisms that allowed us to get robust utilization of PET in Pseudomonas putida,” Guss said. “ORNL specializes in modifying nonmodel microbes to add traits useful for biotechnology, tapping our deep expertise in synthetic biology as well as transcriptomics and proteomics to discover new metabolic pathways.”

“Biological funneling simply means we’ve engineered the metabolic network of a microbe to direct the carbon from a large number of substrates to a single product,” said NREL’s Allison Werner, a co-author on the Science paper. “To do this, we take DNA from nature — usually other microbes — and paste it into Pseudomonas putida’s genome. The DNA is transcribed into RNA, which in turn is translated into proteins that perform diverse biochemical transformations, forming a new metabolic network and ultimately enabling us to capture more carbon and to tune where it goes.”

Guss and colleagues have spent years perfecting P. putida to convert the plant biopolymer lignin, derived from bioenergy crops, into advanced bioproducts as part of DOE’s Center for Bioenergy Innovation and Agile BioFoundry. In 2020, Guss led a team that announced it had engineered the microbe to simultaneously digest five of the most abundant compounds of lignocellulosic biomass.

In the next steps for BOTTLE, “we’re continuing to expand the range of molecules that P. putida can eat as we work to break down more types of plastics and also more real-world plastics that have additional additives,” Guss said.

“Plastics are major environmental pollutants and are largely made using fossil carbon,” he said. Polyester-Filaments – Microbes

Polyester-Filaments - Microbes

-Sipa sees PET challenging glass in wine market

In Italy, where wine is king, glass’ reign as a material of packaging choice since the dawn of alcoholic drinks could be threatened by PET.

With many technical hurdles overcome, PET is starting to become the new norm for wine packaging in Europe and elsewhere, according to Venice, Italy-based blow molding specialist Sipa SpA. At its K 2022 booth, the company showed off a large bottle of spumante, with the sparkling wine packaged in a warmer, curved PET container then the harder, colder glass bottle typically seen.

“It’s transparent and there’s no breakage,” said Sipa Area Sales Manager Yasar Yildiz of the bottle he held, called La Spumante. “PET has designs on glass and is making progress. Now we’re looking at other applications where we can expand into PET, and the next steps in the process.”  Polyester-Filaments – Microbes

The company was at K 2022 touting its newest innovation, a four-station injection stretch blow molding machine with a rotational servo motor that can cut energy consumption as much as 500 kilograms by weight. The lower energy consumption on new blow molding equipment has also meant a dramatic reduction in costs than for glass in an age where energy prices are high and supply levels are perilously low, especially in Europe.

Sipa is highly invested in PET, managing all aspects of the bottle-making processes from injection molded preforms to blow molded bottles to mold making, of which the company is one of the largest global producers. Among its developments at K 2022 was a mold changing station that dropped the time to change a mold to 2.5 hours, Yildiz said.

The lower usage of energy in PET vs. glass has brought inroads in the use of PET for many applications, added Marco Brusadin, Sipa packaging development manager. Glass in particular has a difficult time: A great deal more energy is expended to produce a glass bottle than does a blow molded PET alternative. Transport of lighter-weight PET bottles also is much less costly in fuel usage than that of glass bottles, he added.

With energy prices high and supply low, there is also an economic incentive to consider PET, Brusadin said.

“These days, it’s all about carbon footprint,” Brusadin said. “Glass is much heavier and its LCA [life cycle assessment] is much higher than plastics. Customers want to keep costs as low as possible.”

All of which are making European wine producers and retailers take note of PET as a potential alternative to glass. PET wine bottle are growing in popularity in Italy and are also making inroads in Germany and France, among other locations, Brusadin said. The biggest surprise was that the first request that Sipa received for the development of a PET wine bottle came from Sweden, he said.

The trend line of PET replacement started in Europe with packaged jars, especially for jams and tomato sauce, he added. It is making incursions into the market for vinegar and olive oil, areas that the U.S. market is also seeing. And perfume fragrances also are migrating to PET, even though glass may convey more elegance and sophistication.

Iconic brand Louis Vuitton has launched perfume in plastic bottles, Brusadin said. A key draw is the advent of e-commerce and the sending of perfume by those means. “It’s not the eco-friendly system that is drawing cosmetics but e-commerce,” he said. “It is the weight of the box and the possibility of broken glass that is a problem in transport.”

To that end, Sipa is developing injection stretch blow molding machines with higher clamping force that can make bottles with sharp corners necessitated by many cosmetics producers, Yildiz said. Newer machines are producing bottles as small at 7.5 grams, he said. Polyester-Filaments – Microbes

The company is developing new solutions that also meet customer demands for recycling content in PET bottles.

Sipa sees PET challenging glass in wine market

-Nearly 17% of recycling is wasted due to contamination

New research by waste management company Biffa reveals that nearly one fifth (17%) of England and Wales’ waste (from both businesses and households) cannot be recycled due to contamination.

The experts analysed the latest available WRAP waste collection data between 2016 and 2020 to determine the contamination rate, based on the amount of non-target and non-recyclable materials that entered UK material recycling facilities (MRFs).

After a recent WRAP survey revealed that over four in five people recycle items they shouldn’t, Biffa’s examination of the waste itself shows the amount of ‘wishcycling’ (assuming an item is recycled) that happens.

Biffa’s analysis found that, in 2016, the average contamination rate of recycling waste was 13.4%, rising over four years to 17% by the end of 2020—more than 3% in as many years. Polyester-Filaments – Microbes

The data also showed that non-recyclable materials played a bigger part in contaminating recycling. In 2020, non-target materials (recyclable items that have been placed in the wrong bin) accounted for 6.5% of contaminated waste.

Nearly 17% of recycling is wasted due to contamination

-EU ban on Russian plastics exacerbates food inflation

Inflation has become the most pressing issue for millions of households across the European Union, with food at the forefront. The recent EU ban on imports of Russian-made polymers – the key material in plastic food packaging – has created additional costs for companies and consumers – reports London Globe.

Inflation in the EU hit a record high of 10.9% in September, with prices for food, alcohol and tobacco rising even higher. Consumers can now buy fewer products on existing incomes and are forced to save by reducing consumption or waiting for government aid.

Food inflation is largely the result of two factors: rising prices for fuel, which is used in production and transportation, and rising prices for plastic used to make food packaging. Together, fuel and packaging constitute a large share of costs for certain food items, especially in the price of imported goods such as fruits and vegetables, which are often transported from afar and require reliable packaging to preserve their consumer properties and shelf life. Polyester-Filaments – Microbes

Russia’s armed conflict in Ukraine led fuel prices to spike, pushing up food prices around the world. But the EU’s response has made matters worse for its consumers. In addition to adopting a partial embargo on Russian oil imports, which pushed fuel prices higher, the EU from July banned imports of Russian polypropylene and other polymer products – the compounds from which most plastic packaging is made – and imposed further import restrictions this fall.

Prior to sanctions, Russia accounted for as much as 42% of European market imports forpolypropylene and its co-polymers, according to Gazprombank estimates. This includes biaxially oriented polypropylene (BOPP), a stretchable film widely used in packaging. Last year, Russia shipped about 334,000 tonnes of polypropylene and 222,000 tonnes of polyethylene to the EU. The bulk of this was supplied not by Kremlin-backed oil and gas firms, but by the non-state petrochemical company Sibur.

For the past 15 years, Sibur was headed by the Western-trained business executive Dmitry Konov, who stepped down in March 2022 after himself coming under sanctions. During his leadership, Sibur built state-of the-art production facilities for advanced and environmentally friendly polymers, becoming a large polymer producer and exporter on the global scale. Polyester-Filaments – Microbes

Sibur has been a reliable supplier of high-quality polymers to Europe, thanks to its efficient production model and access to raw materials. The EU ban has cut off a major source of polymer imports from Russian producers, making production in Europe more expensive. Moody’s Investor Services has argued that, as a result, packaging producers will pass higher costs onto their customers in food and other industries.

Packaging producers in Europe have also been hurting for some time. Prices for polyethylene and polypropylene have doubled since 2020, fueled by the energy crisis and supply chain disruptions during the Covid pandemic. Although prices have recently retreated from peak values, they remain extremely high, and the situation looks set to get worse. The European Plastics Converters (EuPC), a group representing about 50,000 companies that process plastic, said the industry is facing unprecedented challenges due to a sharp price increase and a shortage of raw materials for packaging.

EU ban on Russian plastics exacerbates food inflation

-Demand restrained by worries over economy

Polymer prices report October 2022

The European standard thermoplastics market in October has seen a mixed picture in terms of price trends. For polyolefins, the picture is one of either rollover to small price increases. For polystyrene, PVC and PET, prices have continued to fall.

L/LDPE producers initially targeted price increases of up to €150/tonne, despite a €45/tonne reduction in ethylene costs. Weak demand and competitively-priced imports however meant that L/LDPE prices traded between a rollover and a small increase. HDPE prices gained up to €50/tonne as producers were able to factor in higher energy costs.

Polypropylene prices also increased following five consecutive months of price reductions. PP prices rose by €20/tonne despite a €50/tonne drop in the propylene reference price.

Polystyrene prices continued to fall even though the styrene monomer reference price increased by €9/tonne in October. Producers took account of lower energy costs and weak demand. PVC prices fell as a result of low demand and a growing inflow of cheaper imports. Bottle-grade PET contract prices also fell sharply in October as a result of aggressive import prices, lower costs and weak demand.

Weak demand

Polymer demand remained well below normal levels across all product classes in October. Converters are concerned about the deteriorating economic situation and worries about a possible recession. Polyester-Filaments – Microbes

European converters are also increasingly looking to meet more of their needs with cheaper imported material. Import prices are more competitive as a result of falling freight rates out of Asia, which are now at their lowest since 2020. There were however some signs that buyers are tentatively building stocks in anticipation of a stronger price upturn soon.

Packaging and pharmaceuticals demand is holding up fairly well, but demand from other sectors such as construction, consumer goods and furniture, is declining.

Supply low

European producers have trimmed production and brought forward plant maintenance programmes in response to the low demand. There is however sufficient material available to meet the needs of converters. Supply has also been supported by a steady inflow of imported material. The high price levels in Europe and lower freight rates are tempting sellers to divert more of their cargo to Europe.

A summary of the latest production issues is presented below:

The 350,000tonnes/year LDPE plant in Ruwais, Abu Dhabi run by Borouge is expected to resume operations by end 2022

Indorama Ventures declared force majeure on production of PTA and PET in Rotterdam, the Netherlands on 18th October

TotalEnergies has declared force majeure for PP throughout Europe after encountering “technical problems” at its two large Belgian polypropylene plants in Feluy

Trinseo is revisiting plans to shutter its 300,000tonnes/year loss-making styrene monomer plant in Böhlen, Germany

Borealis restarted propylene production on 1st October at its Belgium cracker

The LyondellBasell cracker in Berre, France, offline since a fire in August 2022, and will not go back onstream until early 2023

On 27th September, workers at eight refinery and petrochemical sites in France belonging to TotalEnergies began a three-day strike, aiming for a complete blockade of the group’s refineries and fuel depots

Major maintenance work on the OMV cracker in Burghausen, Germany is almost complete, and the plant is being gradually restarted.

November outlook

Polyolefin prices may follow a stable to firmer trend in November provided current market fundamentals hold. PVC, PET and styrenics markets, however, may well follow a stable to softer trend as price levels remain at historically high levels despite recent price decreases.


At the beginning of October, European L/LDPE markets reversed direction following five consecutive months of strong price reductions. Despite a drop of €45/tonne in the ethylene contract price, producers originally called for prices to increase by €150/tonne, including a portion to cover the higher cost of energy. Buyers strongly resisted calls for such large price hikes and deals were generally settled between a rollover to a small price rise. Polyester-Filaments – Microbes

L/LDPE demand remains well below normal, although a small upturn after the holiday period was noted. Converters are concerned about the deteriorating economic situation and worries about a possible recession.

European producers have trimmed production in response to the low demand and material availability has also been impacted by strikes in France. A lively inflow of imports has however made up for the drop in local supply.


At the beginning of October, European HDPE markets reversed direction following five consecutive months of strong price reductions. Despite a drop of €45/tonne in the ethylene contract price, producers originally called for prices to increase by €100/tonne, including a portion to cover the higher cost of energy. HDPE sellers pushed through a sizeable proportion of the planned cost rise with prices rising by €50/tonne.

HDPE availability is slightly tighter compared to L/LDPE following production cutbacks and the impact of strikes in France. There is however sufficient material available to meet the needs of converters.

Converters are concerned about the deteriorating economic situation and worries about a possible recession. Hence, HDPE demand remains below normal, although a small upturn was noted as converters started to slowly build up stocks in expectation of an imminent price upturn.


European PP producers initially tabled planned price hikes of €50-100/tonne, including an energy surcharge, despite a €50/tonne lower propylene settlement. This follows five straight months of hefty drops. The initial hike requests were trimmed as underlying demand remained weak and energy surcharges could not be fully reflected on transactions. Settlements varied widely; from a rollover to price increases of up to €50/tonne.

PP demand remains at a low level, although it has been noted that some players are tentatively building up stock levels in anticipation of a price upturn soon.

PP producers have trimmed production run rates by 20-30% in recent months in an effort to achieve better market balance. Material availability has also been disrupted by strikes and planned and unplanned plant shutdowns. Supply has however been supported by a steady inflow of imported material.


PVC producers mostly began October prepared to accept slight price decreases in view of the subdued demand, competitive import costs and a fall in ethylene costs. Accordingly, base PVC prices fell by €25-30/tonne to hit a new year-low. Producers were reluctant to issue larger drops due to the high production costs in Europe when compared to the rest of the world.

Producers have reduced run rates in order to achieve a better demand-supply balance. Local supply gaps are more than adequately filled by competitively-priced imports from the USA and India. High European prices are tempting sellers to divert more of their cargoes to Europe. Polyester-Filaments – Microbes

Purchasing activity has slowed further in October across all end-use markets, with the exception of pharmaceuticals. Stock levels at converters are comfortable amid growing uncertainty about economic prospects going forward.


Polystyrene prices dropped again in October despite a €9/tonne rise in the styrene monomer reference price. Producers took into consideration a reduction in energy costs and low demand. General-purpose polystyrene (GPPS) prices fell by €50/tonne with high-impact polystyrene (HIPS) prices down by €40/tonne. Further price discounts are expected later in the month.

PS supply is more than adequate to meet the subdued levels of demand despite production cutbacks and the declaration of force majeure by a major producer at a site in France.

Demand has fallen due to growing concerns about an economic downturn and inflation. While packaging demand has held up fairly well, purchasing activity from other end-use sectors such as consumer goods and furniture is declining. A downturn in the construction sector has also adversely affected demand for GPPS and expanded polystyrene (XPS).


PET prices have fallen for the third consecutive month after reversing direction in August. PET contract prices were down by €80/tonne in October as a result of aggressive import prices, lower costs and weak demand. Polyester-Filaments – Microbes

European PET producers have been under growing pressure from aggressive import offers, mainly from Vietnam, India, South Korea and China. Import prices are more competitive as a result of falling freight rates out of Asia, which are now at their lowest since 2020. While PET demand for local product remains low. European converters are increasingly meeting more of their needs with cheaper Asia material.

PET producers, who are stuck between higher costs and weaker consumption, have lowered run rates or conducted maintenance shutdowns. However, this did little to support overall sentiment and prices are more likely to extend losses into November.

Demand restrained by worries over economy

Polyester-Filaments – Microbes

Carbon-fibers – Polyamide-recycling 27-10-2022

Paraxylene EU – Petrochemicals 17-10-2022

Paraxylene EU – Petrochemicals

Paraxylene EU - Petrochemicals

ITEM26 10/10/2022 17/10/2022 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 8,050 yuan/ton 7,500 yuan/ton -550
Bottle grade PET chips export market 1,040 $/ton 990 $/ton -50
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 7,320 yuan/ton 7,300 yuan/ton -20
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 7,520 yuan/ton 7,350 yuan/ton -17g0
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market 6,455 yuan/ton 6,015 yuan/ton -440
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 880 $/ton 860 $/ton -20
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 4,330 yuan/ton 4,000 yuan/ton -330
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 513 $/ton 470 $/ton -43
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market 1,124 $/ton 1,064 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 1,104 $/ton 1,055 $/ton -49
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,245 $/ton 1,181 $/ton -64
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 8,150 yuan/ton 7,950 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,700 yuan/ton 7,400 yuan/ton -300
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 9,450 yuan/ton 9,250 yuan/ton -200
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F 9,150 yuan/ton 8,900 yuan/ton -250
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 8,700 yuan/ton 8,450 yuan/ton -250
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market

Paraxylene EU – Petrochemicals

8,100 yuan/ton 7,900 yuan/ton -200
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 12,400 yuan/ton 12,300 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,700 $/ton 1,700 $/ton
Nylon6 chips overseas  market 2,000 $/ton 2,000 $/ton
Nylon6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 13,550 yuan/ton 13,200 yuan/ton -350
Nylon6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market 13,700 yuan/ton 13,750 yuan/ton +50
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market 25,000 yuan/ton 24,900 yuan/ton -100
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 16,050 yuan/ton 16,100 yuan/ton +50
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 18,300 yuan/ton 18,350 yuan/ton- +50
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  16,350 yuan/ton 16,450 yuan/ton +100
Spandex 20D  domestic  market 39,500 yuan/ton 41,000 yuan/ton +1,500
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 35,500 yuan/ton 37,500 yuan/ton +2,000
Spandex 40D  domestic  market 33,500 yuan/ton 35,000 yuan/ton +1,500
Adipic Acid domestic market 11,050 yuan/ton 10,700 yuan/ton -350
Benzene domestic market 8,220 yuan/ton 7,800 yuan/ton -420
Benzene overseas  market 919 $/ton 876 $/ton -43
Ethylene South East market 880 $/ton 880 $/ton
Ethylene NWE  768 $/ton 777 $/ton +9
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market 10,400 yuan/ton 10,600 yuan/ton +200
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market 1,550 $/ton 1,550 $/tn
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 16,400 yuan/ton 16,400 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 13,700 yuan/ton 13,600 yuan/ton -100
PP Powder domestic market
7,970 yuan/ton 7,550 yuan/ton -420
Naphtha overseas market  697 $/ton 671 $/ton
Phenol domestic market 11,320 yuan/ton 10,720 yuan/ton -600

Paraxylene EU – Petrochemicals

PE-mono-material-barrier – PLA 13-10-2022

PE-mono-material-barrier – PLA

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-Hyosung develops ultra-high-strength carbon fibers for space and defense industries

Hyosung Advanced Materials, affiliated with South Korea’s Hyosung Group, has developed ultra-high-strength carbon fibers that are considered an essential material for space launch vehicles, satellite bodies and missiles. The company promised to speed up follow-up application research for early commercialization through collaboration with research bodies involved in a five-year state program.

Carbon materials take numerous forms including graphite, carbon fiber, carbon nanotube, graphene and fullerene. Their applications include electronic, electromagnetic, electrochemical, environmental and biomedical applications. The Seoul government has supported the development of carbon fiber to reduce dependence on core materials from Japan.

Hyosung, which is the first South Korean company to produce carbon fiber products, said its new H3065 (T-1000)-class carbon fiber has a tensile strength of 6.4 gigapascals (GPa) and an elastic modulus of moe than 295 GPa. GPa is a unit that measures the strength of a material, and 1 GPa means the strength at which a 1mm-wide and 1mm-long material can withstand 100kg of weight.

With the development of H3065, Hyosung Advanced Materials said it will be able to enter the high-value-added space and aviation carbon fiber market. “This development has provided an opportunity for Korea to become an advanced country in carbon materials that can produce ultra-high-intensity carbon fibers after Japan and the United States,” Hyosung Group chairman Cho Hyun-joon said in a statement on October 12.

The H3065 special carbon fiber, which is more than 14 times stronger than iron, can be used in aerospace and defense industries because it is light and has high elasticity and strength, capable of withstanding high loads and reducing the weight of projectile as much as possible. It can increase propulsion and the weight of the payload. Hyosung’s previous H2550 (T-700)-class carbon fiber product has been largely used for hydrogen fuel tanks, wire cores, solar insulation, and sports.

Hyosung develops ultra-high-strength carbon fibers for space and defense industries

Hyosung develops ultra-high-strength carbon fibers

-Michelin JV to invest €1bn in French hydrogen project

Symbio’s HyMotive to industrialise production of current-generation fuel cell systems, add new-gen products

Symbio, a Michelin and Faurecia joint-venture for hydrogen fuel cell stacks systems is to invest €1 billion to help develop the hydrogen energy industry across France.

To be conducted in two phases by 2028, HyMotive will accelerate the industrialisation and mass-production of its current-generation fuel cell systems at the initial stage, said Symbio 6 Oct.

The first phase will see the completion of Symbio’s “gigafactory” under construction in Saint-Fons.

The plant, named SymphonHy, will be “one of the largest fuel cell system production sites in Europe,” with a total production capacity of 50,000 systems per year, said Symbio.

Production at the site is set to start kin the second quarter of 2023 – supporting customers, particularly French car maker Stellantis, which aims to produce up to 10,000 hydrogen vehicles by 2024.

The flagship site will also house the group’s headquarters, R&D centre, academy and a start-up incubator centred around zero-emission hydrogen solutions.

In the second phase, Hymotive will develop and industrialise a new generation of innovative fuel cell systems, built on “disruptive technology”.

“The new generation cells will boost Symbio’s ‘StackPack’ performance while drastically reducing” unit cost, stated Symbio.

With the second-phase “gigafactory”, Symbio said its production capacity in France will reach 100,000 ‘StackPacks’ per year by 2028.

Hymotive will create 1,000 additional jobs throughout the duration of the project.

Symbio said it was already securing the supply of green hydrogen in Saint-Fons through the signing of various agreements.

Initially, Elogen will manufacture a PEM electrolyser for on-site production of 1 tonne of low-carbon hydrogen per day by end 2023.

Longer term, the Compagnie Nationale du Rhône (CNR) and ENGIE are expected to supply Symbio with hydrogen coming from CNR’s Pierre-Bénite hydroelectric power plant.

In addition, the company said it had finalised the formation of the Innoplate joint venture project with Schaeffler for the mass production of bipolar plates (BPP).


Toppan launches PE mono-material barrier packaging for liquids 

Japan-headquartered Toppan has expanded its GL Barrier range of transparent barrier films with a polyethylene (PE) mono-material barrier packaging for liquids. Until now, it has been difficult to achieve the properties required of packaging for liquid and high-moisture contents with PE mono-material structures, the company said.

The new packaging, said to be suitable for boiling sterilisation, delivers a barrier performance that is superior to that of existing PE mono-material packaging. According to Toppan, the film combines outstanding drop strength for liquid product use with the recyclability of a mono-material structure.

The enhanced barrier performance of the product and its suitability for boiling sterilisation have been made possible by a high-grade vapour deposition layer, original barrier coating, and converting techniques developed based on GL Barrier technologies. These technologies involve the lamination of an inorganic vapour deposition barrier layer and a coating barrier layer onto a base film. The combination creates a layer structure that is easy to print on, laminate, and process in other ways, and also provides stable barrier performance. Using this proprietary technology, Toppan said it was able to overcome the difficulty of vapour deposition on PE to create this newest recyclable mono-material packaging. The development, the company added, is a response to rising demand in Europe, where all  packaging must be reusable or recyclable by 2030, and in North America for mono-material solutions, and can be used for a wide range of contents. In light of the film’s drop strength, this includes refill pouches containing products such as detergents and shampoo.

With this latest addition to the GL Barrier family, Toppan can now offer GL Barrier films designed with PET, PE, and BOPP substrates.

The new film is directed at manufacturers of food and personal care products, as well as customers in a wide range of other industries.

PE-mono-material-barrier - PLA

-Polylactic Acid Production Cost, Price Trend Analysis and Forecast, Industry Trends, Plant Cost 2022-2027 

The latest report by Syndicated Analytics titled “Polylactic Acid Production Cost Analysis 2022-2027: Capital Investment, Manufacturing Process, Raw Materials, Operating Cost, Industry Trends and Revenue Statistics” offers the requisite knowledge one requires before foraying into the polylactic acid industry. The report encompasses exhaustive insights pertaining to pricing, margins, utility costs, operating costs, capital investments, raw material requirements and primary process flow, which is based on the latest economic data. It is a must-read report for new entrants, investors, researchers, consultants and business strategists that assists them in understanding the polylactic acid industry in a better manner to make informed business decisions.

Polylactic acid (PLA) refers to a thermoplastic aliphatic polymer with the chemical formula C3H4O2. It is prepared by condensation of lactic acid with loss of water and is recyclable and biodegradable in nature. Polylactic acid is obtained from renewable sources, such as sugar cane, maize, cassava, corn starch, etc. It is widely available in numerous forms, including coatings, films, fiber, and sheets. Compared to other biodegradable polymers, PLA is reasonably inexpensive, has various advantageous mechanical qualities and is environmentally friendly as it produces low carbon emissions. As a result, polylactic acid is primarily used in the food industry for food packaging to protect heat, light, and moisture-sensitive food products. It further finds widespread application several end-use industries, including textile, medical, agriculture, automotive, etc.

The increasing utilization of polylactic acid to produce microwaveable containers, including disposable cutlery and food containers, is primarily driving the global polylactic acid market. Moreover, the increasing demand for biocompatible food packaging solutions on account of rising environmental concerns is stimulating the market growth. Additionally, PLA is gaining wide traction across the expanding food and beverage industry as it improves the aesthetic appeal of the food package and is highly resistant to grease and oil. This, in turn, is providing a positive outlook to the global market. Furthermore, the escalating demand for polylactic acid in the textile industry, on account of its excellent breathability and durability quality, is further catalyzing the product demand. Apart from this, various initiatives undertaken by government bodies to provide subsidies and promote the usage of biodegradable products like PLA, owing to the rising carbon emissions and the need for adopting pollution control measures, are augmenting the global market. Several other factors, including unstable petroleum prices and the unavailability of sufficient resources for plastic production, are anticipated to propel the global polylactic acid market over the forecast period.

Polylactic Acid Production Cost, Price Trend Analysis and Forecast, Industry Trends, Plant Cost 2022-2027 

-HEIQ Files Complaint in US for Breach of Exclusive Agreement

HEIQ PLC said Monday that it has filed a complaint in the U.S. against ICP Industrial Inc. for breaching the terms of an exclusive agreement.

The materials-and-textile innovation company said its HEIQ materials subsidiary has filed a complaint in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of North Carolina, Charlotte Division, against ICP Industrial Inc, a division of ICP Group.

ICP has failed to pay royalties or minimum exclusivity fee payments and failed to provide timely and accurate royalty reports, HEIQ said.

HEIQ Files Complaint in US for Breach of Exclusive AgreementAUTOMOTIVE : Weight reduction reigns supreme / Materials set to debut at K 2022

Carmakers have spent decades researching and implementing ways of bringing down the weight of their vehicles. In the 1970s, when oil embargos sparked soaring crude prices, lighter cars meant less fuel consumption.

Today, climate change concerns and the drive to reduce carbon emissions has put the automotive sector on a new path of weight reduction amid environmental considerations. Manufacturers recognise the benefits plastics components offer, whether it is lighter, high-performance engine parts, interior trim, or even synthetic drive belts. The sustainability message is also clear to materials suppliers, who continue to produce game-changing innovations.

Growing pressure on car manufacturers to reduce the weight of their vehicles and reflect the public’s concerns about the environment will have a positive knock-on effect for resin makers, especially those working with recycled content, according to US research firm Frost & Sullivan (Santa Clara, California;

Its report, Global Automotive Plastics Growth Opportunities, said as sustainability and decarbonisation gains prominence in the global automotive sector, the industry would “inflate the demand for greener alternatives to minimise carbon emissions in the next three to five years. Due to this, established OEMs will collaboratively advance recycling technologies or acquire recycling companies to ensure supply security.”

To exploit the new opportunities the report suggested that plastics producers offering polybutylene terephthalate and polyamide should collaborate with OEMs to develop and scale plastics-based components, especially battery housings, and it recommended that resin suppliers team up with component manufacturers to develop recycled grades that ensure performance on par with components made from virgin resin.

AUTOMOTIVE : Weight reduction reigns supreme / Materials set to debut at K 2022

-POSCO earmarks $1.09 billion to boost lithium hydroxide production in Argentina

POSCO has earmarked $1.09 billion to produce 25,000 tons of lithium hydroxide, an inorganic compound used for electric vehicle batteries, in Argentina. The steel group has purchased lithium mining rights in a salt lake for $280 million to become a global player in the battery material market.

POSCO Holdings, the group’s holding company, has revealed a goal to produce 610,000 tons of cathode materials, 320,000 tons of anode materials, 300,000 tons of lithium and 22,000 tons of nickel annually by 2030. Lithium hydroxide is a key material for lithium-ion battery cathodes. Lithium hydroxide battery cathodes have more power density and a longer life cycle, but lithium hydroxide is in a much shorter supply than lithium carbonate.

In December 2021, POSCO unveiled its scheme to invest some $830 million in producing lithium hydroxide from the Hombre Muerto salt lake in Argentina. A production plant with an annual capacity of 25,000 tons is to be completed in the first half of 2024.

POSCO said in a statement on October 11 that its board has approved about $1.09 billion for additional investment in the construction of a new lithium carbonate production plant in Argitina.

POSCO’s move comes as battery manufacturers are actively investing in North America to cope with an inflation reduction act (IRA) that only subsidizes electric vehicles using more than a certain percentage of core minerals produced by the U.S. or countries that have signed free trade agreements with Washington.


-The Time for Bioplastics has Arrived

Banning single-use plastics is a great move and it can be and should be supported with greener options that are healthier for the planet.

Be it earbuds with plastic sticks, ice cream sticks, plastic flags, cups, plates, cutlery, straws or cigarette packs, their rampant use impacts the environment in devastating ways. There are so many natural alternatives available to us that we must now explore decisively to change the cycle of consumption and endless generation of toxic waste. Bamboo for instance is a fast growing, renewable, virtually maintenance free natural resource. It needs little water, is great for the environment and for soil health and does not even requires any pesticides to grow.

From July 1, a ban on single-use plastic products has been imposed across India. According to the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), 30 single-use plastic items have been included in the ban which also extends to the sale, stocking, distribution and export of low utility plastic products with high littering scope. Bikrant Tiwary, chief executive officer of a social organisation named says, “Banning single-use plastics is a great move but it can be and should be supported with greener options that are healthier for the planet. During our afforestation projects, the amount of plastic waste we come across even in the most eco-sensitive regions is appalling. Yes, it is important to plant more trees to address climate change but it is equally important to not let pollutants seep into our food chain, choke our oceans and turn our planet into a huge landfill.

The Time for Bioplastics has Arrived

Plastics-Recycling – Plant-based-PET 12-10-2022

Plastics-Recycling – Plant-based-PET 12-10-2022

Plastics-Recycling – Plant-based-PET

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-100% polymer aerosol

Plastipak, a leader in PET plastic aerosol moulding technology, has launched SprayPET Revolution, a 100% polymer aerosol, which is fully recyclable. SprayPET Revolution, including the valve, is all polymer and metal-free. Until now, PET aerosol containers used standard metal valves with rubber gaskets. Whilst many PET recycling plants are equipped to remove metal components in the recycling process, not all recyclers have this capability. Other components like rubber gaskets still cause quality concerns in the recycling stream.

Design for recyclability

Innovation in the polymer valve means that PET aerosol containers can safely pass through all PET reprocessing plants, without contaminating the recycling stream, and with no negative impact on the quality of recycled PET material. It has been assessed and approved by both the European PET Bottle Platform (EPBP) and the USA-based Association of Plastic Recyclers (APR).

The valve utilises new polymers other than PET for sealing that have a molecular density of less than 1g / cm3. This means that the valve can be easily processed with the PET container during the recycling process.

The complete SprayPET Revolution container, including the valve is shredded. The resulting flakes enter a water-filled separation chamber, where due to the differing molecular densities, PET sinks to the bottom, and the other polymers rise to the surface, so easily separated. The PET is further processed and will be reused in applications such as new PET bottles and containers, trays, textiles and pallet strapping. The polymers in the valve will be recycled alongside other caps and closures, and reused in products such as garden furniture, decking and pipes.

Produced under license from Procter & Gamble, SprayPET Revolution uses spin welding technology to attach the valve to the container. It is available as a dip-tube or bag-on-valve application.

As well as being 100% recyclable, recycled PET (rPET) can be included in the SprayPET Revolution container body.

SprayPET Revolution is claimed to offer significant carbon footprint savings over aluminium aerosol containers, as demonstrated in an independent peer-reviewed life cycle analysis study, supporting reduction in Scope 3 emissions.

100% polymer aerosol

-Imports cloud looms over EU tire makers

Washington — The US Department of Commerce is recommending stiff tariffs on steel imports into the US, encouraging representatives of the domestic steel industry but alarming US tire manufacturers dependent on imported tire-grade steel cord.

Perfect storm of challenges could leave Europe open to major rise in imports from overseas car and truck tire producers

Estoril, Portugal – The EU tire industry is facing a potentially sharp rise in low-cost tire imports, adding to challenges around sky-high production costs and increasing pressure on consumer spending-power as the bloc edges towards recession.

That’s according to Robert Simmons, managing director, LMC, speaking at the International Institute of Synthetic Rubber Producers (IISRP) AGM, held 12-15 Sept in Estoril, Portugal.

Europe has already seen an increasing trend towards the import of lower-cost tires, Simmons set out in a paper titled ‘Covid-19, Inflation, and recession: The changing nature of the tire market’.

Today, he said, around half of all light vehicle (LV) tires on roads in the EU are imports, with truck tires just slightly less – a trend that is likely to accelerate with tire prices now increasing across the board.

Now, with increased fuel prices and falling income, hard-pressed EU consumers are more likely to look for cheaper tires – and not only lower quality and smaller rim-sized products

“It is not just low-quality tires anymore, it is also the more premium tires that have low price imports supporting those markets,” said Simmons.

Plastics-Recycling - Plant-based-PET

-LyondellBasell and Genox Recycling Plan to Establish Plastics Recycling Joint Venture

LyondellBasell (NYSE: LYB) and Genox Recycling today jointly announce they have signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to establish a joint venture (JV) to build a plastics recycling plant in Zhaoqing, Guangdong Province with a planned start up in 2023. The plastic recycling plant will use mechanical recycling technology to recycle post-consumer plastic waste and produce new polymers sold under the LyondellBasell CirculenRecover product portfolio. This JV aims to reduce the amount of plastic waste sent to landfills, incinerators or the environment, support the growing demand for circular and sustainable solutions and promote high-quality development of local recycling.

“Advancing a circular economy that enables plastic waste to be transformed into more sustainable solutions for our customers is important to us, and we are pleased to collaborate with Genox Recycling to make this happen,” said Limin Fu, vice president of LyondellBasell China Polyolefins. “This new joint venture will help develop the local plastics recycling infrastructure in China and is an important milestone for LyondellBasell to contribute to its goal to produce and market two million metric tons of recycled and renewable-based polymers annually by 2030.”

“Genox Recycling believes that innovation and collaboration are necessary ways to achieve carbon neutrality,” said Jingfa Jiang, chairman of Genox Recycling. “We are delighted to join hands with LyondellBasell to lead the development of plastics recycling with a complementary mix of strengths from both parties and accelerate a circular and low-carbon future together.”

This partnership is one of the recent initiatives LyondellBasell is taking to expand its recycling capacity globally. LyondellBasell will continue to work with partners along the value chain to enhance its local capabilities to supply circular solutions in China and contribute to the development of local circular economies.


-Borealis and Bockatech Showcasing Ultra-Lightweight Reusable PP Cups

Use of Borealis PP and Bockatech’s EconCore next-generation foaming technology yields thin-wall, robust and fully recyclable cups.

At K 2022, Borealis and Bockatech, inventor and licensor of the innovative EcoCore plastic foaming manufacturing technology, are showcasing lightweight and ultra-lightweight reusable cups made of PP using EcoCore. These robust and fully recyclable cups represent the many thin wall and reusable packaging applications that can be developed using Borealis PP resins and the next-generation EcoCore foaming technology. Today’s ultra-lightweight cups made using Borealis PP and the EcoCore technology platform for sustainable packaging are even lighter than many conventional single-use paper cups. Yet they boast good insulation properties, with twice the thermal barrier of PP cups with solid walls of the same weight.

Durable EcoCore moldings can be microwave and dishwasher-safe. Because they are made solely of PP, they are easy to recycle once they have reached end of life after hundreds of use cycles. EcoCore produces durable, monomaterial molding walls with a composite skin-foam-skin structure in only seconds, and at low cost. When using the EcoCore and Borealis PP, converters and brand owners reportedly benefit from: up to 50% less plastic, improved recyclability of molding and injection molded labels (IML), shorter cycle times of 5-to-7 seconds, and design freedom of shapes, colors, transparency and decorating elements.

Said Borealis global commercial director consumer products Peter Voortmans, “With our partner Bockatech we’ve made unique progress in making thin wall and reusable packaging even more sustainable. The compatibility of the EcoCore platform with a variety of PP resins enhances its appeal to our customers. Our Bornewables portfolio of circular polyolefins, and our transformational Borcycle C family of chemically-recycled grades can be used as drop-in solutions for food and non-food.

Plastics-Recycling - Plant-based-PET

-Plastics recycling facing many battles, but major opportunities too

Despite the current gloomy macro environment for plastics recycling in Europe, this challenging period might also become a good time and and provide the opportunity to move the sustainability agenda forward.

Recycling prospects positive despite gloomy macro environment

Focused attention required on consumers, investment, legislation and data

Plastic should be part of sustainable materials mixture

New governmental policies, Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) and Deposit Return Schemes (DRS) programmes across Europe, development of advanced mechanical (including new technologies like tray-to-tray recycling) and chemical recycling as well as other projects all offer help in finding solutions to tackle plastic waste.

This was a common theme amongst several different speakers representing the whole value chain and appeared in line with the industry’s long-term agenda at at the RECOUP Plastics Resource and Recycling Conference held in September.


Consumers should play a critical part in the ongoing changes. This means increasing consumer awareness about their plastic waste, including why polymers with a low carbon footprint relative to other materials should be the solution, rather than a problem.

Additionally, stakeholders should invest in educating citizens on best practice for waste management, such as how to properly separate waste at source (at home), and which fractions to bring to collection points, etc.


One of the pain points is still the labelling approach which often confuses the consumers when it comes to proper disposal of their waste.

There were different examples highlighted by speakers at the meeting, such as how labelling practices vary across different markets or even within one national market.

Other issues are that some icons on packaging resemble the recycling symbol but have no real connection to recyclability, and how bio- or compostable plastics are widely positioned as a sustainable alternative to fossil-fuel based material,

However, when it comes to bio- or compostable alternatives, there is almost no communication on packaging that these products should not be disposed of via household recycling bins because they normally contaminate the recycling process when mixed together with traditional plastics.


‘Who should pay?’ is one of the most popular questions in the recycling industry.

Predictably, there is no easy answer as any investment is determined by various factors. For example, as speakers pointed out, large producers (petrochemical companies, brand-owners, etc.) are investing in chemical recycling now, but those investments should be supported by adoption of new regulation and public support for such projects.

Recycling investments are also essentially subject to the typical chicken-egg problem in business.

To start an investment project a company should be able to secure enough feedstock to run the plant, which requires investment into collection and sorting. At the same time, to start investing into collection and sorting infrastructure, waste managers would like to make sure they will be able to find enough end-use demand before doing so.


Waste management and recycling are generally expected to be strictly regulated to prevent malpractice. However, the regulation should also create further incentives for broader implementation of the waste hierarchy approach, such as through adoption of collection and recycling targets as well as mandatory recycled content requirements.

Standardisation and harmonisation are key to enabling effectiveness of policy, hence the proposed consistency agenda for collection systems in the UK.

The current regulation also needs additional review as in some instances it might be considered too restrictive, e.g., the current definitions of waste might hinder entrepreneurial activity and eventually the industry’s development.

Finding this right balance between more regulation to drive positive changes and not making this regulation too restrictive at the same time should be a priority task for the legislators.


Do we have sufficient data available to enable the stakeholders make the right decisions? This question remains open even among recycling industry professionals.

The consensus here is that the only way to leapfrog is to make data-driven decisions at every step of the value chain. That applies not only to volumes and capacities data to ensure efficient investment, but also to the environmental footprint of virgin and recycled plastics based on life-cycle assessments (LCA).


The current concept of GDP growth may no longer be appropriate for describing and measuring economic growth. Rather, growth should be decoupled from increasing resource consumption, linked to finding new sources of growth and accompanied by new circular business models.

Plastics recycling facing many battles, but major opportunities too

-EU ‘must forge a compromise’ | Influential hydrogen groups join forces to demand new additionality rules on green H2

Hydrogen Europe and the Renewable Hydrogen Coalition write joint letter to EU leaders calling for revised Delegated Act as soon as possible

Two influential Brussels-based hydrogen organisations — which often do not see eye to eye — have joined forces in a plea to the European Commission to adopt a modified Delegated Act that will ensure that only new renewable energy capacity is used to produce green hydrogen and its derivatives.

Hydrogen Europe (HE) and the Renewable Hydrogen Council (RHC) have sent a joint letter to the relevant senior figures in the European Commission, Council and Parliament, calling upon them to adopt a new Delegated Act with an additionality principle as soon as possible — weeks after HE campaigned against a previous version proposed by the European Commission.

“There will be no investments if offtakers cannot claim their hydrogen as fully ‘renewable’,” says the letter. “We call on the EU institutions to forge a compromise that protects the integrity of renewable hydrogen with robust rules…”

The earlier version of the Delegated Act called upon green hydrogen developers to prove the source of their renewable power on an hour-by-hour basis, which Hydrogen Europe argued would have made green H2 production “impossible”.

And the European Parliament agreed — rejecting and therefore vetoing the proposed Delegated Act on 14 September.

This led to criticisms that existing renewable energy capacity could therefore be “cannibalised” to produce green hydrogen, thus reducing the amount of clean electricity on Europe’s grids.

EU 'must forge a compromise' | Influential hydrogen groups join forces to demand new additionality rules on green H2

-International symposium on biopolymers – ISBP2022

The 18th edition of the International Symposium on Biopolymers (ISBP), organized by the University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland (HES-SO) and the University of Stuttgart, took place in Sion at the Energypolis Campus from September 13 to 16. The event attracted more than 160 researchers, industry experts and start-ups from around the world to share their knowledge and the latest innovations and discoveries in the field of bioplastics.

ISBP2022 highlighted current research areas on biopolymers, i.e. polymers derived from biomass and/or biodegradable. Some of the most common ones are polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA), cellulose, starch and other polysaccharides, used in many industrial sectors such as medicine, cosmetics, packaging or food. In recent years, billions of dollars have been invested in the development and implementation of solutions to produce large quantities of these natural PHA materials on an industrial scale, relying heavily on their biodegradability as an advantage.

More than 95 lectures on biosynthesis, innovation in fermentation technology, the use of biopolymers in drug delivery, cosmetics, packaging and sustainable textiles, as well as biodegradation and recycling of biopolymers will be on the program during the four days.

For Professor Manfred Zinn of the University of Applied Sciences in Sion and organizer of the event, the outcome is very positive. “Participants from 29 nations were able to exchange and learn about the latest developments that are important for the future of biopolymers, such as the use of waste products, like CO2, for their production. During this symposium, it was shown that there are many possibilities to modify the properties of these polymers, which allows to determine their elasticity and strength, and which opens new windows of application, and that is something new.”


-100% plant-based PET for headrest covers

A new variety of nonwovens which partially consist of 100% plant-based polyester (PET) has been developed by Toray. All Nippon Airways Co., Ltd. (ANA), Tokyo/Japan, will adopt this developed material to the headrest covers in ANA Green Jet, a special aircraft from November 2022.

Ultrasuede nu is a nonwovens material for a genuine leather appearance with a base material of Ultrasuede and a special resin treatment applied to its surface.

The latest developed by Toray Industries, Inc., Tokyo, is the first Ultrasuede product which partially consists of 100% plant-based PET for the ultra-fine fibers on the surface of the base material. In addition, about 30% plant-based polyurethane (PU) is used inside of the nonwovens structure, and about 30% plant-based polyester is used in the reinforcement fabric called scrim, making this developed product the highest level of plant-based raw material content for the nonwovens material for a genuine leather appearance.

Toray is developing 100% plant-derived polyesters in line with efforts to make its mainline polymers bio-based to help materialize a carbon-neutral, circular economy that does not depend on fossil resources. The new material is light with comfortable breathability and is environmentally conscious non-animal (vegan) product.

100% plant-based PET for headrest covers

Bottle-PCR – Green-Hydrogen 11-10-2022

EU-car-market – Petrochemicals 10-10-2022

EU-car-market – Petrochemicals

Nylon6-Chips – Petrochemicals

EU-car-market - Petrochemicals

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-ACEA revises down forecast to 1% decline year-on-year to 9.6 million units

-Dow on the need for a careful approach to bio-based plastics to drive circularity  

Chemicals and materials giant Dow has said it is exploring how bio-based plastics can be used in a way that doesn’t compete with other sector’s needs for bio-based feedstocks, noting that circularity and recyclability are the main focus for its plastics production.

Dow is the second-largest global polyethylene (PE) producer, with a capacity of almost 10 million mt/year, as noted by Platts petrochemical analytics. The company’s productions and solutions are integrated across an array of sectors, including food packaging, furniture, crops and more.

Plastics remain a contentious issue on the sustainability spectrum. The material has been demonised, in large due to a lack of collection and a focus on single-use production that in turn has plagued the oceans. However, plastics, when used correctly, do serve a valuable purpose in the transportation and protection of goods amongst other key services.

Dow, like many major producers and users of plastics has introduced ambitious targets to try and improve the circularity of this material. Dow intends to enable one million metric tons of plastic to be collected, reused or recycled through its direct actions and partnerships by 2030.

The company also aims to close the loop by enabling 100% of Dow products sold into packaging applications to be reusable or recyclable by 2035.

How a business chooses to go about its phase-out of single-use, virgin and fossil-based plastics varies widely. Some are turning to alternative materials like metals, paper and bioplastics, while others are turning to reuse models and incorporating recycled plastics into new packaging and products.

For Dow’s packaging EMEA marketing director Romain Cazenave, the company is willing to be “selective” on how it phases out fossil-derived plastics, but is adamant that circularity has to be the main priority is Dow is to reach its sustainability and carbon goals

“Plastics can still provide a service, but it comes down to which function you want to achieve,” Cazenave tells edie. “We want to provide the right service with a much lower carbon and material intensity. We are totally willing to be selective, and we look at the lifecycle analysis to see where plastics can be an efficient material.

“For me, there is room for growth in the usage of plastics because of its efficiency, but this is provided we become more circular and reduce the carbon intensity of our products. We need to be clear that whatever material reaches its end of life, it finds the right treatment, which is why circularity and recycling is the main focus.”

Bio-based approach

Big brands and retailers often criticised for their plastic packaging use are on course to reduce their virgin plastic use by one-fifth by 2025, according to a major report from the Ellen MacArthur Foundation.

According to the report, the virgin plastic use of all participating businesses peaked last year. In 2025, the cohort will use 20% less virgin plastic than in 2018, provided that they deliver on their commitments.

While Commitment signatories are on track to avoid the production of eight million tonnes of virgin, fossil-based plastics by 2025, the Foundation is urging brands to go further on using less plastics altogether. Recycled plastic is not automatically recyclable and, moreover, plastic cannot be recycled infinitely using technologies that exist at scale today.

A particular concern is now expressed about the lack of at-scale uptake of reuse and refill models. Only 5% of the brands participating are currently using refill or return models in some capacity. In comparison, 39% of signatories reported that they are substituting virgin plastic for recycled plastic in some cases, with that proportion rising to 41% for substitution with paper-based alternatives.

Dow, like many other firms, does incorporate bio-based feedstocks into its materials production. The company measures how much bio-based feedstock goes into its supply so it can measure how much can be sold as bio-based, through a term called a “mass balance approach”.

Indeed, the company notes that it is “poised to increase the percentage of bio-based feedstock going into our production lines”.

Most bioplastics produced globally come from carbohydrate-rich plants, such as corn or sugar cane, while second-generation bioplastics are produced from feedstock that doesn’t clash with food production, such as wood cellulose and short-rotation crops and waste materials like food waste and sawdust.

Dow’s sustainability policy and advocacy strategy director Carolina Gregorio claims that the company will produce bio-based plastics, but will not compete with other markets such as food production. One of the main challenges facing organisations turning to nature as a feedstock, either as products or fuel, is that the planet does simply not have enough land to account for production, food growth and – increasingly – carbon offsetting. Indeed, Oxfam estimates the land needed for current carbon removal plans issued by businesses could be five times the size of India, which is more than all of the farmland on Earth.

“We see that bio-based feedstocks will play a role, but with some clarification on what role they should play,” Gregorio says. “We want to utilise only biomass feedstocks that are coming from waste or by-products of other industries. We’re not going to compete with the food industry, it’s one of the conditions we’re defining when we say we want sustainable sources of biomass.

“This approach, whereby we preferentially use by-products for bioplastics will ensure that the carbon associated with those materials can be locked into the cycle as a material, rather than burnt as fuel. So we’re looking at bioplastics from the perspective of making the carbon more locked in and circular and ensuring they’re coming from those waste markets.”

Currently, the land use for bioplastics is only around 0.7 million hectares, equitable to 0.015% of global land area, and is set to increase to 0.020% of global land area in 2025. However, as land becomes more degraded and the demand for bio-materials continues to grow, businesses need to consider these wider implications, and the rising costs that will be incurred as demand shoots up.

Dow also reiterates that circularity is key, keeping products and therefore carbon in the loop for longer. While many businesses are exploring biodegradable or even the much more controversial oxo-degradable plastics, Cazenave notes that Dow does not want to generate any unintended consequences with its products.

Many bioplastics are biodegradable by nature, but usually only under high-temperature, industrial composting facilities. As a result, bioplastics can often end up in landfills, where greenhouse gas emissions are released upon breakdown.

Additionally, bioplastics and contaminate collected and recycled plastics, meaning that entire collections of plastics could be rejected from collection and sorting streams and end up in landfill.

“Biodegradable should be only used when the value chain needs it,” Cazenave says. “There is science and perception that it could be perceived as a good idea, but the application needs to be right. It’s not suitable for things like crisp packets, and it is not collected correctly then biodegradable becomes a nightmare, and impacts the quality of the system.


“It needs to be managed well and separated from other waste streams. The system needs to clearly identify the solutions for the consumer. Humans are not the perfect sorting machines, but biodegradable cannot end up in nature or other waste streams because the conditions won’t be right and the material will just fragment into microplastics. That is something we don’t want.”

Legislative engagement

Legislation will help with this and Gregorio notes that Dow has engaged with the EU on the revised Waste Framework Directive, which will allow biodegradable and compostable packaging to be collected together and used for anaerobic digestion. This is set to become mandatory throughout Europe by 2023.

Indeed, Dow continues to engage with policymakers on a global level to help with the transition to circular materials.

Gregorio claims that Dow welcomed the UN’s Plastic Treaty, likened as a Paris Agreement for plastics, which was introduced earlier this year. Nations agreed on a text which covers the full lifecycle of plastic, from production to waste management. It also covers plastics of all types and sizes, from large pieces of abandoned fishing gear, to nurdles and microplastics.

However, The American Chemistry Council industry group, which represents more than 190 member businesses including Dow, reportedly pushed back against the inclusion of measures to reduce plastic production globally.

Nonetheless, Gregorio welcomes the chance that the Treaty brings to work with different stakeholders to help improve the circularity of production.

“We immediately welcomed the resolution because of how it can globally drive the change that the plastics industry needs,” she adds. “We are going into our net-zero roadmap, so this is a tremendous opportunity. We like that in the discussions there are a lot of NGOs engaged with industry and governments and we feel this will be good to advance some harmonised measures across the board, especially in developing countries which are lacking waste infrastructure.

“It cannot be the case that waste is not managed, so if we can help improve the collection and sorting methods through a global movement, then this is good. So out first step is to make our products more recyclable and the second step is to work with industry to help improve waste collection to enable our circular transformation.”

While the need for recyclability alongside a dramatic uptake in reusables continues, Dow is moving ahead with short-term measures to drive circularity.

Dow recently announced a new collaboration with Mura, for example, on a new advanced recycling processes site in Germany. These new processes are expected to save approximately 1.5 tons of carbon dioxide per ton of plastic recycled, compared to incineration and reducing reliance on fossil-based feedstock, namely by reducing the amount of fossil-based feedstocks being used at facilities.

The Böhlen facility in Germany is expected to be operational by 2025 and when combined with other planned units would collectively add as much as 600KTA of advanced recycling capacity by 2030 for Dow globally.

The company believes that net-zero cannot be achieved without the circular economy and a big part of its decarbonisation plans relies on transitioning to both circular products and feedstocks.

The company’s Packaging and specialty sustainability director Peter Sandkuehler summarises the firm’s approach to driving circularity, noting that they’re “open to any solutions”.

“The Mura announcement is our first stepping stone,” he says. “But we have other partnerships in the pipeline which we aren’t ready to talk publicly about yet which will help take our circular goals to scale.

EU-car-market - Petrochemicals

-Borealis and value chain partners develop more sustainable flexible packaging formats containing 50% post-consumer recyclate

Application development with partners Plastotecnica and ACMI results in fully recyclable multilayer collation shrink film with appealing optics and pack stability

Co-operation with Rani Plast produces fully recyclable tissue packaging boasting excellent processability, printability and packaging line performance

EverMinds™ in action: leveraging packaging and mechanical recycling expertise to lower the carbon footprint of flexible packaging

Borealis announces that two separate collaborations with long-standing value chain partners have resulted in new, fully recyclable flexible packaging formats, which incorporate 50% post-consumer recyclate (PCR). The use of new low density polyethylene (LDPE) PCR grades developed and produced by mechanical recycling expert Ecoplast, a member of the Borealis Group, have made it possible to achieve a 35% carbon footprint reduction in raw material production when compared to virgin polyolefins, whilst maintaining the same film thickness as with virgin materials. Co-operation in the spirit of  is accelerating plastics circularity by fulfilling industry demand for sustainable flexible packaging solutions with lower environmental impact.

Borealis, Plastotecnica, and ACMI jointly develop collation shrink film with 50% PCR content

Plastotecnica, a major European producer of polyethylene (PE) packaging; and ACMI SpA, a leading Italian manufacturer of high-tech and flexible bottling and packaging lines and machines, worked together with Borealis to incorporate more PCR material into the multilayer shrink wrap of a beverage multipack. In developing the application, the partners were able to identify the ideal material solution to achieve optimal mechanical and packaging performance (particularly pack stability) whilst obtaining outstanding film optics and printability: the soon-to-be-launched LDPE PCR grade Ecoplast CWT 100VL with very low gel content; BorShape™ FX1003, a mechanical booster based on the proprietary Borstar® technology; and Anteo™ FK2715, a key ingredient for ensuring higher performance and more sustainable multilayer applications. The result is a fully recyclable film containing 50% PCR and a 35% lower carbon footprint in the raw material production process. The shrink film packaging trials were conducted by ACMI.

“Working together with Borealis and ACMI enables us to come nearer to achieving our own objectives with regard to both sustainability and technological innovation,” says Valentina Betto, R&D and Sustainability manager at Plastotecnica. “We have been able to make real progress towards reaching specific goals. These include offering our customers solutions containing high levels of recycled material, exploiting downgauging potential to reduce film thickness, optimising processing parameters and performance, and minimising waste wherever possible.”

Borealis and Rani Plast develop new tissue packaging incorporating 50% PCR content

As a member of the Rani Group, a leading Nordic producer of smart packaging solutions, Rani Plast used its film and production expertise to work together with polymers experts at Borealis to develop a film structure for more sustainable flexible packaging used for tissue paper products such as kitchen roll (paper towels) and toilet paper. As an improved version of its predecessor NAV 101, the soon-to-be-launched Borealis LDPE PCR grade NAV 101L is best in class when it comes to balancing gel performance and circularity. Manufactured using household post-consumer and commercial waste, its gel content is significantly lower in order to provide excellent processability. It also offers excellent printability and optics. Combined with the Borstar® technology-based mechanical booster BorShape™ FX1003, the grade delivers optimal mechanical performance, thus enabling the incorporation of more than 50% PCR content without increasing film thickness. Finally, Anteo FK2715 provides enhanced sealing, good optics and reinforced stiffness performance.

“As a fellow participant in the Finnish R&D initiative SPIRIT – Sustainable Plastics Industry Transformation – we are glad to deepen our co-operation with Borealis in the area of flexible packaging,” says Mats Albäck, Sustainability and Development Director at Rani Plast. “This successful project is proof that we as an industry can do more with less when we take joint action: improved material performance and greater sustainability, but with reduced consumption of natural resources and energy.”

“It’s gratifying to see the accumulation of sustainability success stories originating within the EverMinds platform for accelerating plastics circularity,” says Peter Voortmans, Borealis Global Commercial Director Consumer Products. “Mechanical recycling plays a crucial role in our integrated circular cascade approach.

Borealis and value chain partners develop more sustainable flexible packaging formats containing 50% post-consumer recyclate

-To enhance circularity: Arkema joins Spanish consortium

Arkema, together with a consortium of companies, is exploring and advancing the recyclability of post-consumer PET (from bottles and other plastic items) to regain monomers for reuse as raw materials for more sustainable polyester powder resins for the coating market.

According to the company, Arkema is a world leader in the offering for powder coatings, as part of the company’s low Volatile Organic Compounds technologies for the coating industry, together with waterborne, UV/LED/EB and high solid systems.

Powder coatings are very well positioned to further sustainability across many very demanding household and industrial applications, including home appliances and furniture, automobiles, sports stadiums and more. The coating process is optimised to produce a high quality finish while using the minimal energy, minimum waste and time. Additionally, powder that doesn’t end up on the product can be more easily collected and recycled, or even reused.

The new project, entitled Suschempol, is led by the Spanish Superior Council of Science Research (CSIC) and was founded by the Spanish “Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación” and the “Agencia Estatal de Investigación” as part of “NextGenerationEU” Initiative.

“Natural fit for Arkema”

“This project was a natural fit for Arkema,” Neil Tariq, Global Business Director for Coating Resins at Arkema, explained. “As a leading provider of polyester resin for the solvent free powder coating technology, we are constantly exploring new path, partnerships and scientific research that advance the circularity of our products.

To enhance circularity: Arkema joins Spanish consortium

-EPCA ’22: Europe chemicals orders size shrinks as price concerns grow – Brenntag exec

Customers in Europe are placing smaller chemicals orders as they try to navigate a more uncertain outlook for prices, an executive at Germany’s chemicals distributor Brenntag said this week.


David O’Connell, vice president for product management and sourcing for Europe, the Middle East, and Africa (EMEA) at Brenntag, added that while demand from sectors such food or pharmaceuticals remains good, the outlook for coatings or construction has deteriorated in past months.

“We are clearly mindful of the fact that there are a lot of clouds on the horizon regarding demand,” he said.

Supply chain issues, which caused global freight costs to rocket in 2021 and the first part of 2022, are normalising, the executive added, with more imports from Asia to Europe taking place, which is putting pressure on European chemicals prices as lower priced product enters the region.

O’Connell added that Brenntag is maintaining its earnings forecast for 2022 unchanged, however, as the company’s wide range of customers allows it to partially offset lower demand in some sectors with those where demand remains healthy.

O’Connell spoke to ICIS on the sidelines of the European Petrochemicals Association (EPCA) annual meeting.

Uncertainty leads to smaller orders

“One pattern that we see is that order sizes are smaller, so we are doing more orders, that’s a feature of our business right now. Customers are concerned about the price outlook and about what prices are going up or down,” said O’Connell.

“On the other hand, for the prices that are going up, there is a big cash component, which means using a lot of working capital. For products for which prices are falling due to low demand, customers will wait to see what happens to pricing to go forward.”

However, O’Connell said Brenntag’s demand continues to be healthy overall; conditions in the Americas remain good, he said, although the company’s domestic market in Europe is showing signs of a clear slowdown as energy prices and geopolitical uncertainty bite.

He added that in Europe there is a “combination of challenges” regarding demand and supply chain issues.

“Overall, demand remains good but there are some segments such as coatings or construction where we are seeing a decline in demand. We have achieved strong results in the first half of 2022 and the company is keeping its forecasts for 2022 earnings unchanged.”

“We still see good demand in sectors such as food and pharmaceuticals – Brenntag’s advantage is our wide customer base, allowing the stronger customer segments to partially compensate for those which are not doing as well.”


-European Commission approves €1bn to support German Salzgitter for renewable hydrogen

The European Commission has approved state aid to the German steel producer Salzgitter to support the company to decarbonise its steel production processes using renewable hydrogen, the commission said in a press release 5 October.

Salzgitter is set to achieve this by producing renewable hydrogen on site at a new production facility.

The aid will take the form of a direct grant, which will “support the construction and installation of a large-scale (100MW) electrolyser, which will produce approximately 9,000 tonnes/year of renewable hydrogen. The hydrogen produced by the electrolyser will be used as feedstock in the direct reduction plant,” the press release said.

  • As well as hydrogen production, the grant will be used to develop a direct reduction plant and an electric arc furnace as a replacement for one of the blast furnaces at the companies Lower Saxony site.
  • The hydrogen production plant is expected to begin commercial operations in 2026.

The commission’s review of the state-aid support found that the project:

  • applies an innovative technology
  • facilitates the development of an economic activity
  • has an incentive effect
  • has a limited impact on competition and trade
  • brings about positive effects that outweigh distortions

This announcement comes shortly after the commission approved state aid to the German chemicals company BASF in the production of renewable (low carbon) hydrogen.

Under EU State Aid rules, a support package of €134mn to BASF “in the production of renewable hydrogen, with the aim of decarbonising its chemical production processes and of promoting hydrogen use in the transport sector.”

European Commission approves €1bn to support German Salzgitter for renewable hydrogen

-Toray Introduces Hydrophilic Spunbond Nonwovens

Technology allows fabric to remain gentle on skin

Toray Industries, Inc., has created a spunbond nonwoven fabric that is persistently hydrophilic and is gentle on the skin. This fabric is suitable for disposable diapers, masks, feminine hygiene products, and other sanitary applications.  The company plans to start full-scale production when the production technology is well established.

Spunbond nonwoven fabrics for sanitary applications are normally made of polypropylene, which is softer than polyester. Since polypropylene is hydrophobic (glossary note 2), polypropylene spunbond nonwoven fabrics must be coated with hydrophilic agents for the application of diapers, masks, and feminine hygiene products. However, the coated hydrophilic agents are easily runoff from the fabrics on contact with water. Consequently, the fabrics lose hydrophilicity.

Toray has been addressing this issue by researching the hydrophilized polymer itself rather than focusing on surface treatment. The compnay has developed special domain structures by copolymerizing polyester with a well-defined moalr mass hydrophilic component. The domain structures enable the company to significantly improve the hydrophilicity of the polyester and result in a new spunbond nonwoven fabric that is persistently hydrophilic.

The polyester can be polymerized using bio-based or recycled materials. Toray will push ahead with efforts to reduce environmental impact and achieve a sustainable economy.

Toray Introduces Hydrophilic Spunbond Nonwovens

Polymer-Additives – Flake-Sorter 07-10-2022