Plastic film – Chemical Recycling Europe, Zero Waste Europe disagree over pyrolysis 26-01-2024

Plastic film

In recent developments in the Red Sea and the Suez Canal, Chinese shipping companies are strategically redeploying their vessels to exploit perceived immunity from Houthi attacks

Analysts note that China’s involvement in the region aims to capitalize on spaces left vacant by international container transport lines, which have diverted to avoid potential Houthi attacks. The Financial Times reports that smaller Chinese lines, such as Transfar Shipping based in Qingdao, are serving ports like Doraleh in Djibouti, Hodeidah in Yemen, and Jeddah in Saudi Arabia, all experiencing decreased traffic.

Transfar Shipping, an emerging player in the trans-Pacific market, operates two of its three vessels, the Zhong Gu Ji Lin and Zhong Gu Shan Dong, in the Middle East. Houthi leaders, backed by Iran, have pledged not to attack ships associated with China or Russia, as long as they have no ties to Israel. The U.S. has urged China to influence Iran in restraining the Houthis, but there has been no apparent success.

MarineTraffic data indicates that seven freighters from new Chinese operators were active in other markets in October 2022. Sea Legend, a Qingdao-based company, operates in the Red Sea with the protection of the People’s Liberation Army Navy. They offer a weekly scheduled service in the Red Sea region from Asia to Europe, citing protection from the worsening maritime crisis provided by the Chinese Navy.

China has expressed deep concern about escalating tensions in the Red Sea, emphasizing the region’s importance as an international trade channel for goods and energy. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin urged all parties to avoid adding fuel to the tensions and jointly safeguard the safety of navigation in accordance with the law. Reports suggest that China may have sought assistance from Iran to mitigate Houthi attacks and protect commercial relations with Tehran.

In recent developments in the Red Sea and the Suez Canal, Chinese shipping companies are strategically redeploying their vessels to exploit perceived immunity from Houthi attacks

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Toray Industries, Inc. has achieved a significant breakthrough in materials engineering by developing a plastic film with a remarkable tensile strength of 1,200 megapascals, nearly equivalent to stainless steel

This innovation is based on ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), an engineering plastic with molecular weight ten times that of regular polyethylene. The material’s exceptional strength, typically utilized in high-strength fibers, has been hindered by low processability due to the complexity of its long and entangled molecular chains.

Toray overcame this challenge by employing its proprietary extrusion and biaxial stretching technologies, creating a nanostructure with highly oriented UHMWPE molecular chains in two dimensions. The resulting film boasts strength comparable to stainless steel and more than twice the tensile strength of commonly used polyethylene terephthalate film. Furthermore, it matches the toughness of aramid, a robust plastic film. The applications of Toray’s film extend to superconductivity, space, and cryogenic environments, offering weight and space savings.  Plastic film

Beyond its strength, the film’s nanostructure contributes to a remarkable in-plane thermal conductivity of 18 watts per meter-kelvin, over 10 times higher than polyethylene terephthalate film. This characteristic positions Toray’s film as a potential heat-dissipating material for flexible devices and applications requiring miniaturization, lightness, insulation, and flexibility.

UHMWPE has gained attention as an eco-friendly alternative to fluoropolymer, addressing environmental and health concerns. Toray’s film also exhibits high chemical resistance, low moisture absorption, and a low dielectric constant, making it suitable for semiconductor manufacturing processes. Toray will showcase this groundbreaking material at nano tech 2024, highlighting its commitment to innovation and contributing to societal advancement through the continued application of core technologies in synthetic organic and polymer chemistry, biotechnology, and nanotechnology.  Plastic film

Plastic film

World Bank’s New Outcome Bond Helps Communities Remove and Recycle Plastic Waste

The World Bank (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, IBRD) today priced a seven-year $100 million, principal-protected Plastic Waste Reduction-Linked Bond. This innovative bond provides investors with a financial return linked to Plastic Waste Collection Credits, Plastic Waste Recycling Credits (collectively, plastic credits), and Voluntary Carbon Units (carbon credits) expected to be generated by two projects.
The selected projects in Ghana and Indonesia aim to reduce and recycle plastic waste in vulnerable communities, cutting plastics leaking into nature and oceans. Citi acted as Lead Manager for the transaction.
This ground-breaking outcome bond mobilizes private capital to support the financing of projects with positive climate and development impacts – with outcomes measured by the generation of plastic and carbon credits issued on the Verra Registry.
Through the transaction, investors are providing approximately $14 million in up-front financing required by the projects to increase capacity at existing facilities, expand to new collection and recycling sites, and install food-grade recycling equipment.
In addition to reducing plastic pollution, the projects create improvements in local pollution and air quality, reduce associated health impacts, and create jobs in often overlooked and marginalized communities.
The innovative use of plastic credits in this transaction introduces an entirely new way of financing plastic collection and recycling operations as well as preventing plastic waste from leaking into the ocean.

Teijin to Produce Carbon Fiber from Sustainable Raw Materials

Waste and biomass residue earmarked for production of precursor acrylonitrile.

At a Glance

  • ISCC Plus–certified carbon fiber is produced at the company’s Mishima plant in Japan
  • Properties, performance, and processing are on a par with petroleum-derived carbon fiber
  • Drop-in replacements reduce greenhouse gas emissions

Japan’s Teijin Ltd. will commence production and sale of Tenax carbon fiber made with sustainable acrylonitrile (AN) based on waste and residue from biomass-derived products or recycled raw materials that have received ISCC Plus certification from the International Sustainability and Carbon Certification system. The Tenax carbon fiber under ISCC Plus certification will be produced at Teijin’s Mishima plant in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan, using the mass balance approach.  Plastic film

In June 2023, the company obtained ISCC Plus certification for Tenax carbon fiber and the polyacrylonitrile (PAN) precursor fiber produced at its Mishima plant. The sustainable AN has the same physical properties as petroleum-derived AN, while Tenax carbon fiber based on this material delivers the same performance and processing attributes as equivalent fossil-based Tenax products. This similarity allows customers to easily drop in Tenax carbon fiber made with bio-based or circular materials, helping to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions throughout the product’s lifecycle.

Teijin aims to expand its lineup of sustainable products. To this end, the company is pursuing ISCC Plus certification not only for carbon fiber, including its precursor, but also for intermediate products such as prepregs and short fibers that use sustainable raw materials.  Plastic film


Plastic film

European Adipic Acid Prices Stagnant in January 2024 Amid deteriorating Demand

In January 2024, the Adipic Acid market continued to exhibit a narrow to decline trend that carried over from the previous year, maintaining a bearish stance in business activity. The Eurozone Adipic Acid market experienced a sustained decline in demand, particularly from the downstream Polyamide and textile sectors.

This protracted downturn indicates challenges and reduced consumption within these key industries, contributing to the overall subdued performance of the Adipic Acid market in the Eurozone.  Plastic film

Downstream businesses have persistently faced challenging demand conditions at the beginning of the year, as evidenced monthly decrease in the inflows of new orders. Enterprises, particularly in the case of Adipic Acid, reported customer hesitancy attributed to high financing costs and geopolitical uncertainty. Germany’s economic slowdown was influenced by lower international demand, with a notable impact stemming from the decline in export orders. The prolonged reduction in new work inflows indicates a cautious economic environment marked by factors affecting both domestic and international business activities.

Despite an increase in the raw material Benzene in the Euro region, the cost of Adipic Acid remained stable. The rise in upstream crude oil prices at the beginning of the year influenced the Benzene market, but this increase did not have a significant impact on the downstream Adipic Acid market.  Plastic film

Merchants in the Eurozone market had sufficient materials to meet domestic requirements from downstream sectors.

As per European commission in January 2024, there was a slight dip in consumer confidence within the eurozone area as enterprises experienced reduced purchasing activity. However, there was no notable increase in demand for the product during this timeframe. Despite the European Union (EU) maintaining its position as the primary destination for Turkish textiles, exports to the EU experienced a notable contraction of 17.6% in 2023. The downstream textile industry faced a decline of 2.3%, with the most significant drop occurring in December at 6.2% within the Turkish market. This indicates muted consumption of Adipic Acid in the textile sector, contributing to the persistent drop in its price.  Plastic film

Manufacturers reduced their purchasing activities in response to lower production needs, leading to a decrease in employment numbers and a subsequent decline in fresh orders from potential customers.


European Adipic Acid Prices Stagnant in January 2024 Amid deteriorating Demand

Loop Industries – Loop & Bormioli Unveil Pharmaceutical Packaging

Loop Industries and Bormioli Pharma Unveil an Innovative Pharmaceutical Packaging Bottle Manufactured with 100% Recycled Virgin Quality Loop PET Resin at Pharmapack 2024

  • This packaging innovation will be showcased at Pharmapack Europe 2024 (January 24th-25th, 2024, Paris Expo, Porte de Versailles – booth B78-B79, Hall 7.2)

Loop Industries, Inc. (NASDAQ:LOOP) (the “Company” or “Loop”), a clean technology company whose mission is to accelerate a circular plastics economy by manufacturing 100% recycled polyethylene terephthalate (“PET”) plastic and polyester fiber and Bormioli Pharma, an international leader in pharmaceutical packaging and medical devices, today announced that an innovative pharmaceutical packaging bottle manufactured with 100% recycled virgin quality Loop™ PET resin will be unveiled within the Bormioli booth at Pharmapack Europe 2024.    Plastic film

Bormioli Pharma and Loop Industries aim to introduce market-ready solutions for the global pharmaceutical industry and the two companies began to collaborate over a year ago in order to achieve this goal. Bormioli Pharma tested Loop™ PET resin in its packaging, commissioning to independent third parties’ additional analysis to verify extractables levels with different solutions, also taking in consideration the worst-case scenario. The results of these tests set a new benchmark for recycled plastic products within the pharmaceutical industry, as the bottles produced with Loop™ PET resin do not release any substance deemed of toxicological relevance1Plastic film

Bormioli Pharma’s EcoPositive offering, gathering low-impact packaging solutions, currently constitutes 50% of their standard catalogue, contributing to position itself among the players with the broadest sustainable offerings on the international market.

In addition to the independent third-party testing commissioned by Bormioli Pharma, LoopTM PET resin was also tested by a worldwide leader in laboratory testing services and on December 13th, 2023 Loop announced that test results confirmed its Loop™ PET resin meets the strict requirements and standards outlined by the European Pharmacopeia (Ph.Eur. 3.1.15, Polyethylene Terephthalate for Containers for Preparations not for Parenteral Uses) and the United States Pharmacopeia (USP <661.1>, Plastic Materials of Construction) and is compliant for use in packaging applications in the pharmaceutical industry.  Plastic film

“Through this collaboration with Loop we’re strengthening our role as a solid, quality and reliable partner for the pharmaceutical industry” stated Andrea Lodetti, CEO of Bormioli Pharma“Loop Industries shares our values and commitment, and together we made available a new pharma-grade sustainable solution, showing even greater safety standards than traditional ones.”

Loop Industries - Loop & Bormioli Unveil Pharmaceutical Packaging

Meraxis and Fortum cooperate in Europe-wide distribution of recyclates

The Swiss trading group Meraxis and the Finnish company Fortum Recycling & Waste (Fortum) are deepening their existing cooperation with a strategic partnership. Meraxis will distribute Fortum recyclates throughout Europe. The offer includes PP, HDPE and LDPE recyclates as well as customized re-compounds. Through this cooperation, Meraxis is expanding its product range of recyclates and can thus offer its customers an even larger portfolio of sustainable material alternatives to prime material. Plastic film

Fortum recyclates are made from post-consumer waste in Northern Europe. They are of high quality, durable,versatile as well as reliably available. Meraxis customers can also obtain customized re-compounds from Fortum Circo® that are specifically tailored to their applications and products. Product development in the Fortum-laboratory tailors technical properties such as strength, processability, and color to individual customer re­quire­ments. Fortum Circo® materials are suitable for the manufacture of a wide range of products such as household goods, parts for the automotive and furniture industries, and garden tools. Special grades meet the EU toy standard.

«With Fortum Circo®, we are expanding our range of high-quality recyclates. Our customers will also benefit from the Finnish company’s strong expertise in recycling and material development. Together, we are pursuing the goal of offering polymer processors tailor-made sustainable material alternatives. After all, switching from conventional to recycled plastics is one of the most important levers for reducing CO2 emissions,» says Eddy Khatib, Product Manager Recycling at Meraxis.  Plastic film


Meraxis and Fortum cooperate in Europe-wide distribution of recyclates

Chemical Recycling Europe, Zero Waste Europe disagree over pyrolysis

Rebuttal to Chemical Recycling Europe’s position paper on Zero Waste Europe’s pyrolysis report: ‘Beyond the headline criticism, elaboration is lacking in their Position Paper’ As a scientific report, ‘Leaky loop “recycling” – A technical correction on the quality of pyrolysis oil made from plastic waste’, published by Zero Waste Europe on 26 th October 2023 (hereafter called Leaky Loop “Recycling”), was written in a way that permits it to be tested for robustness.

This enables science to stand under scrutiny and rebut baseless criticisms, such as those recently made by Chemical Recycling Europe in their Position Paper made public on 11 th December 2023 (hereafter called CRE Position Paper).  Plastic film

Leaky Loop “Recycling” was a meta-research report. Its methodology, commonly called ‘literature review’, collated previous experimental research to derive new conclusions.

Specifically, it analysed twenty-two independent peer-reviewed empirical research papers that had assessed the quality of pyrolysis oil made from predominantly polyolefin plastic waste, along with a further six independent peer-reviewed empirical research papers that had assessed more difficult plastic waste streams.

ZWE report also drew from independent meta-research on the same topic involving more than forty independent empirical research studies (meta- meta-research). All are listed in its Appendices.  Plastic film

Calling them “a narrow set of inconclusive evidence” is incomprehensible. Since the findings of Leaky Loop “Recycling” derive from other independent researchers and authors, it is unclear where the charge of ‘‘grave misinterpretation of facts and scientific evidence” comes from.

Indeed, other authors suggest the need to blend pyrolysis oil with 80 to 95% petroleum naphtha, while some identify that the oil is over a thousand times off specification.

For example: “[…] pyrolysis oil can neither replace nor be blended with naphtha and is not a viable option for closing the circularity of waste plastics […].

The results demonstrate that although there is a very small fraction of pyrolysis oil consisting of saturated alkanes and cycloalkanes, pyrolysis oil obtained from PP [polypropylene] exhibits distinct compositional differences than naphtha and cannot be used as a substitute for it.”  Plastic film

“Contaminant levels exceed established feedstock quality specifications by one or more orders of magnitude such as for nitrogen, chlorine and iron.


Chemical Recycling Europe, Zero Waste Europe disagree over pyrolysis

Red Sea Crisis – Oonly Opens Bottling Plant With Revolutionary RefPET Tech 25-01-2024

Plastic film