Polyestertime

Austrian company recycles 500m PET bottles

Austrian company recycles over 500m PET bottles in first half of 2018 / Up 7% on last year  Austrian company recycles 500m PET bottles
PET TO PET RECYCLING
In Austria, PET to PET Recycling Österreich (Müllendorf / Austria; www.pet2pet.at) has produced more than 12,500 t of recycled PET in the first half of 2018. The Austrian company has recycled 512m PET bottles during this period, which is a 7% increase compared to the year before.Austrian company recycles 500m PET bottles
“On the one hand, we have been able to increase our performance again thanks to ongoing process optimisation, and on the other, we are working continuously to raise the proportion of recyclate used in new PET beverage bottles,” says managing director Christian Strasser.Austrian company recycles 500m PET bottles
Austrian company recycles 500m PET bottles
Upgrades at the Austrian recycler have improved the quality of its rPET (Photo: Pet to Pet/Andi Bruckner)
Austrians continue to contribute to the high collection rate of PET containers in the country, with three out of four PET bottles being collected and recycled, Strasser says. During the first six months of 2018, the Austrian PET recycler continued to invest in processing upgrades. At its existing regrind facility in Müllendorf, the company has converted to the latest technology for food-grade PET resin, with a corresponding improvement in throughput. In addition, the quality of food-grade PET flakes has been increased through improved sorting systems – and boosted by the steady demand from beverage producers in Austria.Austrian company recycles 500m PET bottles

PET to PET’s capacity at its Müllendorf site is around 22,000 t/y of beverage bottles. Partners of the company, which was founded in 2007, are Coca-Cola HBC AustriaEgger GetränkeRauch FruchtsäfteS. Spitz and Vöslauer Mineralwasser.

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Source  :  Plasteurope.com
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Development graphite-based conductive textile coatings

Development of graphite-based conductive textile coatings    Development graphite-based conductive textile coatings

Lately, scientists compared the washing resistance of different graphite–polyurethane coatings on cotton, linen, viscose, and polyester woven fabrics.

DGAD recommends anti-dumping duty on nylon yarn   DGAD recommends anti-dumping duty nylon yarn

The washing resistance of different graphite–polyurethane coatings was tested in a new study. Source: wilhei / Pixabay.Development graphite-based conductive textile coatings

Conductive yarns and coatings are necessary for a broad variety of smart textile applications, such as sensors, data transmission lines, or heated fabrics. The main problems of such conductive textile elements are abrasion and washing resistance. Since different findings with respect to these properties are reported in the literature for similar coatings, the required optimisation is impeded.Development graphite-based conductive textile coatings

Strong influence of textile substrates

In a recent study, the washing resistance of different graphite–polyurethane coatings with graphite contents between 25% and 33% on cotton, linen, viscose, and polyester woven fabrics was compared, using two different graphite particle sizes on diverse textile substrates.Development graphite-based conductive textile coatings

It was found that not only the graphite particle dimensions and graphite concentration strongly influence the longevity of the coatings, but also the textile substrates which were coated with the conductive mass. This means that conductive coatings cannot be optimised without knowledge of the planned application.

The study is published in: Journal of Coatings Technology and Research  July 2018, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 875–883.Development graphite-based conductive textile coatings

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BMSvision display smart textile solutions ITMA Asia

BMSvision to display smart textile solutions at ITMA Asia    BMSvision display smart textile solutions ITMA Asia

BMSvision display smart textile solutions ITMA Asia
Courtesy: BMSvision

BMSvision (Belgian Monitoring Systems) is set to participate in ITMA Asia 2018, focussing on Industry 4.0 and smart textile manufacturing, in stand C16, weaving hall H3. The textile machinery expo will be held from October 15 to 19, 2018, in Shanghai. BMSvision is a supplier of Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES) for the textiles and plastics industry.

Through intelligent wireless networking of all production equipment in the mill, the BMSvision MES turns the huge amount of data originating from various production machines and processes into meaningful information for managers. The BMSvision MES suite for the textile industry includes software modules for real-time monitoring, reporting, scheduling, preventive maintenance, fabric inspection, and traceability.The management dashboard allows the combined presentation of data from these different software modules into one single web based report showing important KPIs at a glance. As such, the manager can have all information related to efficiencies, quality, and energy consumption displayed in real-time in one single screen, either on PC, tablet, or smartphone.

ITMA Asia will also see the premiere of two new BMSvision products; MyMES and Argus. MyMES is an app available for both android and iOS devices and includes a cockpit and an alert module. The cockpit shows the KPIs and most important production data of the plant while the alert module highlights problem areas that need immediate attention.

With its cyclops system, BMSvision has been a pioneer in the field of on loom quality control for weaving mills. With its new product Argus, BMSvision again pushes the boundaries of automatic on loom inspection. For the first time ever, a system capable of inspecting unicolour jacquard fabrics is now available for weavers of top quality products, such as OPW airbags, mattress ticking, and so on. (GK)

Source : Fibre2Fashion News Desk – India

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New technique recycling multi-layer packaging

New technique for recycling multi-layer packaging    New technique recycling multi-layer packaging

Article by Amanda Doyle

New technique recycling multi-layer packaging

CRISP packets, chocolate wrappers, and blister packets for pills are all extremely difficult to recycle as they are comprised of multiple layers, but a new technique can separate each layer and recycle 99% of the materials.

Packaging is important to preserve food and to protect pills from oxygen, light, and moisture, but the multilayer packaging used for these products is challenging to recycle. Blister packets consist of layers of plastic film and aluminium foils. They are classed as hazardous waste and are usually either landfilled, which has environmental consequence if the aluminium leaks into the environment, or incinerated, which can produce gas and ash exhausts that also have a negative environmental impact.

Researchers in Lithuania and Egypt have developed a process that uses a switchable hydrophilicity solvent to break the layers apart in food wrapping and blister packets. The solvent can switch from hydrophobic to hydrophilic, and different compounds are soluble in each form.

The team used six common types of multilayer flexible packaging (MFP) from crisps, chocolate bars, bakery products, ground coffee, ice cream, and biscuits. They also collected six different types of waste pharmaceutical blister (WPB) packets that had contained various different sizes, colours, and types of pill.

MFP is typically comprised of a coating layer to protect printed symbols, an outer layer with printed symbols, a structural layer to prevent tearing, a tie layer to combine two polymers that would otherwise separate, a barrier layer to prevent oxygen from entering the packet, and a seal layer for heat sealing the packet. Blister packaging usually has four layers; the forming film, the lidding material, the heat seal coating, and the printing ink.

The exact structure varies according to the product, and all of the samples were processed together under the same conditions to simulate an industrial environment where sorting and separating all the different types of waste would be a challenge.

The team used the solvent in N,N-dimethylcyclohexylamine (DMCHA) to break the layers apart and used ultrasonic treatment to accelerate the separation process. “The main idea of our technology is to break the mechanical and chemical bonds between all layers and then liberate all layers in the form of dissolution or films,” said Samy Yousef, a postdoctoral researcher in the faculty of mechanical engineering and design at Kaunas University of Technology in Lithuania.  “We can control by dissolution time. For example, after ten minutes we can separate the first layer then after ten more another layer and so on.”

The polarity of the solvent is then switched by adding water and CO2, allowing the remaining dissolved adhesives and inks to be recovered.

“With common solvents, we need to heat the prepared solution above boiling point to extract the polymeric component form the solution which can cause some degradation in the recovered polymer,” said Yousef. “Extracting polymers using the switchable solvent can be performed by mixing with water at zero temperature and adding CO2, and with this technique we can avoid any degradation or decrease degradation.”

The recycling rate using this method is >99%, and the recovered materials – aluminium flakes, EVA films, PET films, and PE powder – are of a higher quality than traditional recycling methods. This allows a much wider range of products to be produced and would increase the profits of recycling. The solvent can also be recycled by heating it overnight to remove the CO2 and to evaporate water that has been added.

The researchers also outlined a design for a pilot plant based on current recycling technologies and currently looking for funders to develop the plant.

Green Chemistry http://doi.org/cst6

Journal of Cleaner Production http://doi.org/cst5

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Stora Enso Orthex combine wood fibre bioplastic durable consumer products

Stora Enso and Orthex combine wood fibre and bioplastic into durable consumer products   Stora Enso Orthex combine wood fibre bioplastic durable consumer products

Market: Panels
Stora Enso Orthex combine wood fibre bioplastic durable consumer productsStora Enso and Orthex together bring to the market a new range of kitchen utensils made from a new biocomposite which combines the best qualities of wood and plastic. The bio-based material used to replace fossil-based plastic is made from spruce and sugarcane, which reduces the carbon footprint of the products by up to 80%. The innovative products contain 98% bio-based material, as the company says in the press release received by Lesprom Network.
The biocomposite used in the new products comes from Stora Enso’s Hylte Mill in Sweden. The DuraSense™ by Stora Enso biocomposites are produced from spruce and pine from sustainably managed and certified Swedish forests. The majority of the non-renewable materials used today can be replaced by biocomposite granules, i.e. renewable wood.Stora Enso Orthex combine wood fibre bioplastic durable consumer products
The DuraSense™ biocomposite enables combining wood fibres with recycled or bio-based polymers. In Orthex’s new GastroMax BIO products, wood fibre is blended with sugarcane. Depending on the product, the biocomposite combined with bioplastics used as a raw material may reduce the carbon footprint of the product by up to 80% in comparison with virgin plastics.Stora Enso Orthex combine wood fibre bioplastic durable consumer products
Stora Enso is a leading global provider of renewable solutions in packaging, biomaterials, wooden constructions and paper.Stora Enso Orthex combine wood fibre bioplastic durable consumer products
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China – Filament Grade Semi Dull PET Chip – China Filament Grade Semi Dull PET Chip PET bottle chip 瓶芯

China – Filament Grade Semi Dull PET Chip – China Filament Grade Semi Dull PET Chip PET bottle chip 瓶芯

China – Prices Trend of Filament Grade Semi Dull PET Chip in Jiangsu are steady.

China Filament Grade Semi Dull PET Chip PET bottle chip 瓶芯Polyestertime: XTY and masterbatches

The prices of Semi-dull Chips in Jiangsu and Zhejiang are between 9,200 – 9,300  yuan/ton (cash),nearby.

The Bright Chip’s price in Jiangsu and Zhejiang is between 9,200 – 9,300 yuan / ton.

Polyester POY is at 10,550 – 10,650 yuan/mt cash ex-works, while Polyester  DTY is between 12,050- 12,150 yuan/mt cash ex-works.

————————————————————–


China –PET Bottle Chip (Polyethylene terephthalate) -The  Market pricesp are steady.

China Filament Grade Semi Dull PET Chip PET bottle chip 瓶芯Polyestertime :Preform and PET chips

The domestic Polyester Bottle Chip I.V. 0,80 is  between 9,750 – 9,850 yuan / ton cash,(ex-works).

The export PET Bottle Chip I.V. 0,80 is between 1,160 – 1,260 $ /ton FOB CMP.

 

 

 

 

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Rollover expected European polypropylene August contract prices

Rollover expected in European polypropylene August contract prices   Rollover expected European polypropylene August contract prices

AuthorLara Berton 

EditorJeremy Lovell 

Rollover expected European polypropylene August contract pricesLondon — European polypropylene contract prices for August are expected at a rollover on weak demand and despite a small rise in feedstocks, market sources said this week.

S&P Global Platts last assessed gross contract prices for PP homo at Eur1,430/mt FD NWE, with PP copol at Eur1,480/mt FD NWE, stable on the month. Industry sources said polypropylene producers could ask for a small increase in August contract prices following strength in upstream markets.Rollover expected European polypropylene August contract prices

The European propylene contract price for August rose Eur8 on the month to Eur1,040/mt FD NWE, while spot market prices remain at a premium to the industry-settled contract price on tight supply.Rollover expected European polypropylene August contract prices

Platts assessed the European spot price of polymer grade propylene for delivery 3-30 days forward at Eur1,083/mt Tuesday.Rollover expected European polypropylene August contract prices

Despite that, price stability was anticipated in the market as demand is expected to be weak in August due to the holiday season in Europe.

One source said inventory levels were low but there was a lack of buying interest in the market.Rollover expected European polypropylene August contract prices

“The increase in the monomer is not good news, it adds pressure on margins,” a second source said.Rollover expected European polypropylene August contract prices

The PP-propylene spot price spread was last assessed at Eur177/mt Tuesday, up Eur3.5 on the month, although remaining well below the Eur260/mt average in May, Platts data showed.Rollover expected European polypropylene August contract prices

“The propylene market is tight, but you don’t see the same upward pressure in polypropylene prices,” the source said.

–Lara Berton, lara.berton@spglobal.com

–Edited by Jeremy Lovell, jeremy.lovell@spglobal.com

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Indorama Texas PET complex startup early 2020

Texas PET complex startup likely early 2020: Indorama    Indorama Texas PET complex startup early 2020

AuthorKristen Hays 

EditorRichard Rubin 

 Indorama Texas PET complex startup early 2020Houston — An unfinished polyethylene terephthalate plant in Texas likely will start up in late 2019 or early 2020, according to executives with co-owner Indorama Ventures.

The company also expects to continue commissioning its revamped 440,000 mt/year cracker in Louisiana, with full production expected in 2019 – likely delaying the expected third-quarter startup to later in the year. Executives did not elaborate on the cracker startup delay during the company’s quarterly earnings presentation on Monday.

Thailand-based Indorama Ventures, the world’s largest PET producer, earlier this year joined forces with Mexico’s Alpek and Taiwan’s Far Eastern New Century to buy bankrupt M&G Chemicals’ Corpus Christi complex for $1.25 billion in cash and capital contributions.

The US Federal Trade Commission has yet to approve the deal, Indorama executives said Monday. The 1.1 million mt/year PET plant, the world’s largest, and an associated 1.3 million mt/year purified terephthalic acid facility were 85% complete in October when M&G sought bankruptcy protection for its US assets and some others worldwide.

Dilip Kumar Agarwal, CEO of Indorama’s feedstock and PET business, said that the FTC was evaluating documentation of the companies’ US operations as well as the joint venture, and it hopes to see a response soon. Indorama Texas PET complex startup early 2020

However, even if the FTC approves the deal this year, Agarwal does not expect the Corpus Christi PET plant to start up before late 2019 or early 2020. The PTA plant startup “will actually be a year beyond that,” he said.Indorama Texas PET complex startup early 2020

Indorama bought the Louisiana cracker in 2015 for $175 million. It had been idle since February 2001, when previous owner Equistar Chemicals shut it down for economic reasons. When it ramps up, Indorama aims to use most output as feedstock for its ethylene oxide and ethylene glycol production, the company has said.

The Corpus Christi PET complex is not the only asset Indorama has gained from M&G’s bankruptcy. In March the company signed a deal to buy M&G’s Brazilian assets, including a 550,000 mt/year PET plant in Ipojuca, for an undisclosed amount, giving the company an footprint in South American PET markets. Neither the Brazilian assets or M&G’s 590,000 mt/year PET plant in Altamira, Mexico, are part of M&G’s bankruptcy case.

The US is a net importer of PET, and those imports rose 71% from 2013 to 2017, according to US International Trade Commission data. M&G sought to feed that demand with the ambitious Texas project and in 2013 signed a $1 billion contract with Sinopec Engineering Group in 2013 to build it.Indorama Texas PET complex startup early 2020

However, delays and cost overruns at the Texas project drained M&G’s finances from the Americas and to its parent, Italian chemical group Mossi Ghisolfi, according to court filings. The parent group sought bankruptcy protection in Italy in October, and Luxembourg, Belgium-based M&G Chemicals, which oversees subsidiaries in the Americas, did the same in US bankruptcy court in Delaware soon thereafter. M&G has since worked to sell off its US assets.Indorama Texas PET complex startup early 2020

Indorama, M&G’s largest unsecured creditor with a claim of $56.6 million, had bid $10 million for M&G’s 360,000 mt/year PET plant in West Virginia and a research and development center in Ohio, but in February Far Eastern won bankruptcy court approval to buy those assets for $33.5 million, marking the company’s entrance into the US market. PET market sources expect the West Virginia plant to restart sometime in the third quarter this year.Indorama Texas PET complex startup early 2020

–Kristen Hays, kristen.hays@spglobal.com

–Edited by Richard Rubin, richard.rubin@spglobal.com

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Thies present iCone yarn dyeing machine ITMA Asia

Thies to present iCone yarn dyeing machine at ITMA Asia   Thies present iCone yarn dyeing machine ITMA Asia

Courtesy: Thies

Thies will show its successful iCone yarn dyeing machine at ITMA Asia, the leading textile machinery show in Asia, which will be held from October 15 to 19, 2018, in Shanghai, China, in hall H6, stand E 18. Thies is Germany’s leading company in the field of fabrication of high quality machines for yarn and piece dyeing and bleaching and drying equipment. Thies present iCone yarn dyeing machine ITMA Asia

The machine consolidates highest ecological standards with technological intelligence to achieve tremendous savings in water and electrical consumption. The 2018 version incorporates various new detail improvements, many of them developed in response to suggestions from customers and users, the company said in a press release.

The construction of the iCone is based upon the worldwide established eco-bloc series of Thies, but involves innovative new technologies. Its newly designed ‘pump bloc’ system allows dyeing with an ultra-short liquor ration. Depending on the carry-over of the material, liquor rations of 1:3,6 in partially flooded vessels are performable in practice. Improved rinsing functions allow the reduction of the after-treatment times. Moreover, the new flow converter design enables the adjustment of the flow reversal, namely from inside to outside and from outside to inside. Thies present iCone yarn dyeing machine ITMA Asia

ICone has been specifically developed to meet the requirements of stringent international and local environmental protection regulations with simultaneous consideration of its economic efficiency. (GK)Thies present iCone yarn dyeing machine ITMA Asia

Fibre2Fashion News Desk – India

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Thin-gauge PET PP line gives custom sheet

Thin-gauge PET/PP line gives custom sheet house Pro Ex Extrusion competitive edge  Thin-gauge PET PP line gives custom sheet 

by: Clare Goldsberry
Packaging
Extrusion: Film & Sheet

A Welex Evolution sheet-extrusion line from Graham Engineering Corp. (York, PA) has given custom sheet processor Pro Ex Extrusion a thin-gauge capability not generally found among custom sheet houses.

Pro Ex Extrusion co-owner and VIce President of Operations Chris Bendickson stands in front of the Welex Evolution line

In 2017, Pro Ex partnered with Graham Engineering to specify a Welex Evolution sheet line that would expand its capability and capacity. Commissioned in December 2017, the dual-resin PET/PP line features a 5-inch (130-mm) extruder with the flexibility to expand to co-extrusion. The J-stack configuration features roll-skewing and electric gap adjustment under full hydraulic load followed by a unique arrangement of auxiliary cooling rolls, each independently driven, heated and cooled.Thin-gauge PET PP line gives custom sheet

Based in Oshkosh, WI, Pro Ex Extrusion is a recycler and manufacturer of custom and proprietary plastic products, including sheet, roll stock and profiles. It also provides injection molding and packaging technologies to several industries. The company’s sheet business comprises roll stock for thermoforming and lithography. It also works with several experienced printing partners to apply high-quality graphics to products.Thin-gauge PET PP line gives custom sheet

Like many manufacturers, your shop floor operations may be challenged with inefficient processes, unpredictable downtime, and difficulties with machinery maintenance. A manufacturing execution system (MES) can help make the most of your shop floor’s capabilities, with tools that can identify under-performing and high-performance machines, and then optimize asset utilization accordingly.Thin-gauge PET PP line gives custom sheet

“Many sheet houses are able to produce PET/RPET at 15-18-20 mil,” said Pro Ex co-owner and Vice President of Operations Chris Bendickson. “The ability to manufacture high-quality polyester at 10-12-14 mil [allows us] to serve more demanding applications and gives us a capability not generally found among custom sheet houses. Adding the ability to run high-quality clear and colored polypropylene on the same sheet extrusion line as thin as 15 mil truly differentiates us in the market.”Thin-gauge PET PP line gives custom sheet

Pro Ex co-owner and President Gary Borgers added: “With the Pro Ex team’s decades of experience in equipment selection and commissioning, we were very confident in the selection of our new Welex line. The design features, the team’s willingness to customize to our unique needs, and their reputation and commitment to customer service led to our selection.”Thin-gauge PET PP line gives custom sheet

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Invista Begins Work World-Scale Adiponitrile Plant China

Invista Begins Work for World-Scale Adiponitrile Plant in China   Invista Begins Work World-Scale Adiponitrile Plant China  

By Mary Page Bailey

Invista Begins Work World-Scale Adiponitrile Plant China

INVISTA (Wichita, Kan.; www.invista.com) has begun work to bring its latest adiponitrile (ADN) technology to China to satisfy the strong, local demand for the nylon 6,6 intermediate chemical.Invista Begins Work World-Scale Adiponitrile Plant China  

Engineering for a new plant with a minimum production capacity of 300,000 metric tons per year (m.t./yr) is underway at an estimated investment in excess of $1 billion. Construction is targeted for 2020 and production would begin in 2023.

Kyle Redinger—vice president of INVISTA Intermediates, Asia Pacific, and 2017 Shanghai Magnolia Silver Award winner—has accepted a newly created role dedicated to meeting China’s long-term needs for ADN through capital investments, asset development and commercial arrangements.Invista Begins Work World-Scale Adiponitrile Plant China  

“Given China’s strong demand for ADN and its commitment to advanced, energy-efficient technologies, INVISTA’s butadiene-based ADN is the best choice for capital investment in the region,” said Redinger.Invista Begins Work World-Scale Adiponitrile Plant China  

“INVISTA supplies more of the merchant market than any other ADN producer, so we want to ensure those customers have the best technology available. The last world-scale plant was constructed more than 35 years ago, so this is a special time for the industry, and I am extremely proud to lead INVISTA’s efforts to deliver this new facility.

INVISTA has been meeting with customers and industry participants to develop a collaborative strategy focused on meeting China’s local needs for ADN, which is used to make nylon polymer, fibers and other specialty materials such as hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) for coatings.Invista Begins Work World-Scale Adiponitrile Plant China  

Bill Greenfield, president, INVISTA Intermediates, said, “We are pleased by the feedback we have received in the market and are confident we will reach agreements with selected partners over the next few months; so our shareholders have agreed to proceed with the project.Invista Begins Work World-Scale Adiponitrile Plant China  

Combined with the significant investments being made in our existing ADN plants, this decision further demonstrates INVISTA’s commitment to the global industry.”

Over the past five years, INVISTA has invested more than $600 million in China to support the nylon market, including a 215,000-ton hexamethylenediamine (HMD) plant and a 150,000-ton polymer plant, at the Shanghai Chemical Industry Park (SCIP). INVISTA has also created multiple-generation improvements to the technology over the decades, recently setting production records with the deployment of its latest technology in the U.S.

“INVISTA has consistently added capacity to meet market needs and will continue to do so in the future,” Greenfield said.Invista Begins Work World-Scale Adiponitrile Plant China  

“We understand the industry’s preference toward our technologies, and so we have worked hard to continuously improve them. We have been pleased with the government support for our projects in the past and look forward to working with the appropriate officials again to advance our further developments.”Invista Begins Work World-Scale Adiponitrile Plant China  

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DGAD recommends anti-dumping duty nylon yarn

DGAD recommends anti-dumping duty on nylon yarn   DGAD recommends anti-dumping duty nylon yarn

DGAD recommends anti-dumping duty nylon yarn
Courtesy: Unsplash

Directorate General of Anti-dumping and Allied Duties (DGAD), the investigation arm of the ministry of finance, Government of India, has in its final findings recommended imposition of anti-dumping duty on import of nylonmulti-filament yarn (classifiable within Chapter 54 under customs subheading no. 5402) from Vietnam and the European Union.“Having initiated and conducted an investigation into dumping, injury and the causal link thereof in terms of the Anti-Dumping Rules and having established positive dumping margin as well as material injury to the domestic industry caused by such dumped imports, the Authority is of the view that imposition of anti-dumping duty is necessary to offset dumping and injury,” Directorate General of Trade Remedies said in a notification.

“Having regard to the lesser duty rule, the Authority recommends imposition of definitive antidumping duty equal to the lesser of margin of dumping and margin of injury, so as to remove the injury to the domestic industry,” it added.DGAD recommends anti-dumping duty nylon yarn

Accordingly, it recommended imposition of anti-dumping duty for a period of five years by the Central Government.DGAD recommends anti-dumping duty nylon yarn

The duty suggested is $384.02 per tonne on the imports of nylon multi-filament yarn from Vietnam, produced by Formosa Industries Corporation.DGAD recommends anti-dumping duty nylon yarn

However, no import duty is suggested if the yarn is produced by Hyosung Dong Nai and exported by Hong Kong based Hyosung International or Ren Tong Industrial Ltd. For all other imports where the country of origin/export is the European Union, an anti-dumping duty of $719.44 per tonne is recommended.DGAD recommends anti-dumping duty nylon yarn

In case of nylon multi-filament yarn, where the country of origin/export is the European Union, the suggested anti-dumping duty is $128.06 per tonne.

The nylon multi-filament yarn includes all variants of nylon filament yarn or polyamide yarns such as flat/ textured/ twisted/ untwisted, bright/semi-dull/full-dull (or variants thereof), grey/ coloured/ dyed (or variants thereof), single/double/ multiple/folded/cabled (or variants thereof), whether or not sized, but excludes high tenacity yarn of nylon.

Specifically excluded from the scope of product under consideration are all man-made filament yarns not having nylon or polyamides and mono-filament yarn, high tenacity yarn of nylon, BCF (Bulk Continuous Filament) yarn.DGAD recommends anti-dumping duty nylon yarn

The probe was initiated by the DGAD in August 2017 following complaints by five domestic players, who alleged dumping of nylon filament yarn from the two regions—Vietnam and the EU. Imports of this yarn from the EU and Vietnam had increased from 7,201 tonnes in 2013-14 to 13,799 tonnes during October 2015 to March 2017, which was the period of investigation.DGAD recommends anti-dumping duty nylon yarn

As per the World Trade Organization (WTO) rules, countries can impose anti-dumping duties on imports to provide a level-playing field to the industry by guarding against below-cost import. (RKS)DGAD recommends anti-dumping duty nylon yarn

Fibre2Fashion News Desk – India

Iran oil export descent starts accelerate July

Analysis: Iran’s oil export descent starts to accelerate in July    Iran oil export descent starts accelerate July  

AuthorEklavya Gupte     Jack Jordan 

EditorJonathan Dart 

HIGHLIGHTS

Exports fall 7% to 2.32 mil b/d

But flows to China, India and Japan rise

European demand continues downward trend

Exports to fall sharply from Aug onwards

London — Iranian oil exports fell to their lowest in four months in July, S&P Global Platts estimates, as key buyers have started to curtail their purchases as the first set of US sanctions on Iran kick in.Iran oil export descent starts accelerate July  

Total estimated export volumes on Aframaxes, Suezmaxes and VLCCs from Iranian ports in July fell by 7% to 2.32 million b/d from 2.49 million b/d in June, according to data from S&P Global Platts trade flow software cFlow.Iran oil export descent starts accelerate July  

Flows from Iran to China and India — its two key customers — remained high, but exports to South Korea, Europe fell steadily as these buyers start to elsewhere.

Iran’s oil exports have now fallen for three successive months as the country braces itself for the re-imposition of sanctions by the US.Iran oil export descent starts accelerate July  

Dubai Oil & Energy Forum | September 4, 2018 | The H Dubai

This year we have widened the Forum’s coverage with dedicated sessions on LNG and Blockchain, to give you the fullest picture possible of the connections between regional and global markets.Iran oil export descent starts accelerate July  

Iran’s oil flows are expected to fall sharply in the coming months as the second round of US sanctions, which target the oil sector, resume in early November.

“We expect Iran oil exports from September to have a higher rate of decline,” president of consultancy SVB Energy International Sara Vakhshouri said. “These sanctions will put severe limitations on transactions with Iran and insurance on oil tankers. All of which will make it hard for Iran to sell its oil.”Iran oil export descent starts accelerate July  

Some sources have said with exports falling, Iran’s domestic refinery runs have increased, with a pick-up in gasoline output observed at some of its refineries, and more barrels are expected to go onto floating storage.

Iranian oil production fell to 3.72 million b/d in July — the lowest since January 2017, according to Platts estimates.Iran oil export descent starts accelerate July  

DEMAND FROM CHINA, INDIA CLIMBS

Exports to Asia fell to 1.76 million b/d in July from 1.85 million b/d in June as demand from South Korea and Taiwan dissipated as the former turned to other countries for condensates.Iran oil export descent starts accelerate July  

However, loadings to China were 799,452 b/d in July, up from 722,100 b/d in June. Last week, a news report said Chinese officials has rejected US requests to cut imports of Iranian oil but added that China’s imports might not rise further than current levels.

Flows to India in July were higher despite some Indian refiners saying they would reduce their reliance on Iran. Iran’s oil exports to India rose by more than 40,000 b/d from June to 706,452 b/d in July.

India finds itself in a diplomatic predicament as it tries to maintain stable oil supplies without attracting the ire of the US Administration. But for now India’s thirst for Iranian crude has not diminished and has even grown sharply year on year.

LIMITED WAIVERS

Exports to Japan surged to a seven-month high as refiners rushed to secure as many cargoes as possible before US sanctions are re-applied.Iran oil export descent starts accelerate July  

Japanese officials visited Washington last week seeking an early exemption to continue to buy Iranian crude but US officials have refused to comment on the talks.

Exports to South Korea fell to zero as it is already starting to find alternative supplies to Iranian condensates after pressure from the US.Iran oil export descent starts accelerate July  

The US government is pushing countries to cut Iranian oil imports to zero, but officials have conceded that some limited waivers may be granted. Major customers such as China and India are expected to find ways to continue deals despite the sanctions.

Flows to Europe in July fell to 465,450 b/d from 485,768 b/d as demand from France, Spain, and Turkey fell while interest from Italy and Greece grew steadily.

Spot demand for Iranian crude in Europe has fallen sharply, but those refiners that have term deals with Iran are still honoring their contracts, sources said.

Europe is an important outlet for the OPEC member, and the region was taking around 600,000-700,000 b/d, or a third, of Iranian crude exports until May this year.

Analysts expect Iranian exports to drop by anything between 500,000 and 1 million b/d after full US sanctions are re-imposed on November 5.Iran oil export descent starts accelerate July  

Buyers of Iranian crude oil and condensate:

DestinationJulyJuneMay
China799,452722,100751,645
India706,452670,433710,936
Japan185,709145,867106,258
Italy135,58171,700164,967
Turkey131,548170,46799,774
Spain97,290103,267116,258
UAE96,967124,100117,193
Unknown68,581033,677
Greece67,35436,567103,677
Other Europe33,67700
South Korea0174,300127,612
Taiwan133,1330
France0103,76755,903
Chile32,8000
Poland33,387
Total2,322,6112,488,5012,421,287

–Eklavya Gupte, eklavya.gupte@spglobal.com

–Jack Jordan, jack.jordan@spglobal.com

–Edited by Jonathan Dart, jonathan.dart@spglobal.com

Related Topics

– Crude oil futures up on lower Saudi output for July; ICE Brent at $73.96/b, NYMEX WTI $69.47/b  Crude oil prices Saudi output July Opec

Pet chip resin 宠物芯片树脂 – PET bottle, filament chip 瓶芯

Pet chip resin 宠物芯片树脂 – PET bottle, filament chip 瓶芯

China -The prices of Filament Grade Semi Dull Pet chip resin 宠物芯片树脂 Chips are steady.

Pet chip resin 宠物芯片树脂  Polyestertime: POY

The prices of Semi-dull Chips in Jiangsu and Zhejiang are between 9,150 – 9,250 yuan/ton(cash),nearby.

The Bright Chip’s price in Jiangsu and Zhejiang is  between 9,150 – 9,250 yuan / ton.

Polyester POY is  between 10,450 -10,600 yuan/mt cash ex-works, while

Polyester  DTY is between 12,000- 12,100 yuan/mt cash ex-works.

 

——————————————————————————————————————————————————————————

China –PET Bottle Chip (Polyethylene terephthalate) -The Market prices  are steady,but weak.

 Pet chip resin 宠物芯片树脂 Polyestertime : PEF Bottle

The domestic price of  Polyester Bottle –Chip is between 9,700 – 9,800 yuan / ton cash,(ex-works).

The export PET price is between 1,150 -1,260 $ /ton FOB CMP.

 

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-Europe PET buyers shocked by highest prices since 2013 – Those who are in the market to buy additional polyethylene terephthalate (PET) volumes in Europe are presented with offers far above what they had anticipated – Europe PET polyethylene terephthalate

-US Slaps Preliminary Duties Determinations on PET Resin From Five Countries – US Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross has announced the affirmative preliminary determinations in the antidumping duty (AD) investigations of imports of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) resin from Brazil, Indonesia, South Korea, Pakistan, and Taiwan – USA Duties PET Resin

Turkey share world denim fabrics exports 9%

Turkey’s share in world’s denim fabrics exports is 9%    Turkey share world denim fabrics exports 9%

Turkey is one of the world’s major denim fabric production hubs. Turkey’s exports of denim fabrics constitute 5% from the country’s exports of textile products. Its share among the world exports of denim fabrics is, however, around 9%.

According to 2016 figures, China is the largest exporter of denim fabric in the world. Its share was 38%.Turkey share world denim fabrics exports 9%

Pakistan ranked second with 11%, Hong Kong third with 10% and Turkey ranked fourth with 9%. These four countries make up 68% of total denim fabric exports.

Turkey share world denim fabrics exports 9%

Turkey’s denim exports were US$ 378.3 million in 2015, and US$ 393.6 million in 2016. In 2017, the number decreased by 6.4% and amounted to US$ 368.5 million.

Turkey share world denim fabrics exports 9%

Most denim fabric exports were realised in 2013. According to the official trade data released by the Turkish Statistical Institute (TUIK), US$ 435.2 million worth of denim fabrics exports were made, setting a record for all time.Turkey share world denim fabrics exports 9%

Turkey exports denim fabrics mainly to North Africa, Europe and the Far East. Tunisia, Egypt, Italy, Morocco and Bangladesh are the five major markets.

Turkey share world denim fabrics exports 9%

In 2017, Turkey exported US$ 52 million worth of denim fabrics to Tunisia. The same year, exports to Egypt were US$ 47.4 million. Exports to the third biggest market – Italy – were US$ 40 million. These three countries share around 38% in Turkey’s exports of denim fabrics.Turkey share world denim fabrics exports 9%

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-Arvind and Invista present innovative denims of the future

Source : Author: Innovation in Textiles

SILVADUR Antimicrobials Dow Microbial Control

SILVADUR™ Antimicrobials From Dow Microbial Control Earns Certification From Global Textile Industry Safety Standard Organization, Bluesign®   SILVADUR Antimicrobials Dow Microbial Control 

SILVADUR Antimicrobials Dow Microbial Control COLLEGEVILLE, Pa. — Dow Microbial Control, a global business unit of DowDuPont Specialty Products Division, announced today that its patented antimicrobial technology for textiles and apparel – SILVADUR™ Antimicrobials – has been certified by the Bluesign® system, an important signifier to brands and manufacturers of the technology’s safety.SILVADUR Antimicrobials Dow Microbial Control

Managed by the Swiss-based company Bluesign Technologies AG, the system oversees the global textile supply chain to ensure that chemicals and other materials used in all steps of textile and apparel manufacturing processes are safe for consumers, workers and the environment.SILVADUR Antimicrobials Dow Microbial Control

The Bluesign® system unites members of the entire textile supply chain – including Dow – to jointly and proactively reduce its global impact.SILVADUR Antimicrobials Dow Microbial Control

Excellence is ensured through on-site inspections, verifying that chemical products are properly applied in controlled and responsible processes.SILVADUR Antimicrobials Dow Microbial Control

In joining the network, chemical manufacturer members agree to improve performance in five areas of their production processes: air emissions, consumer safety, occupational health and safety, resource productivity and water emissions.

“Dow is dedicated to helping lead the transition to a sustainable society and planet and setting a higher bar for social and environmental progress,” said Karel Williams, Dow Microbial Control, Textiles Business Segment Director.

“Being a Bluesign® partner is one of many steps we are taking to assure textile and apparel manufacturers and brands – as well as their engaged customers – that products treated with SILVADUR™ do not compromise human health or harm the environment.”

SILVADUR™ Intelligent Freshness technologies provide durable and reliable odor protection in textile and apparel products at a time when growing numbers of consumers are embracing more hygienic lifestyles.SILVADUR Antimicrobials Dow Microbial Control

When odor-causing bacteria land on the surface of treated fabrics, they are neutralized on contact by SILVADUR’s intelligent built-in odor protection technology, so treated fabrics stay fresh and clean-smelling longer.SILVADUR Antimicrobials Dow Microbial Control

Extensive testing has shown that SILVADUR™ Antimicrobials have a high degree of efficacy against a wide range of undesirable, odor-causing bacteria in textiles, apparel and other products, are highly durable over 50 washings and their application process is efficient and cost-effective.SILVADUR Antimicrobials Dow Microbial Control

Source: DowDuPont Specialty Products Division

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-Now, polyethylene plastic with antibacterial properties – Polyethylene plastic antibacterial properties

Taiwan $6.6 bn petrochem plan IOCL feedstock constraints

Taiwan’s $6.6 bn petrochem plan hits IOCL’s feedstock constraints   Taiwan $6.6 bn petrochem plan IOCL feedstock constraints

Development puts a spanner in Odisha’s efforts to draw investments in downstream space for the Petroleum, Chemicals & Petrochemicals Investment Region (PCPIR) hub around Paradip  Taiwan $6.6 bn petrochem plan IOCL feedstock constraints

Nirmalya Behera & Jayajit Dash  |  Bhubaneswar

Taiwan $6.6 bn petrochem plan IOCL feedstock constraints

Photo: Reuters

INDIAN OIL CORPORATION LTD

BSE 166

A massive investment plan of $6.6 billion (or Rs 430 billion) by Taiwan’s state-owned petroleum & natural gas company, CPC Corporation, in the country’s eastern coast at Paradip has bumped into a hurdle at the stage of project conception.

Paradip has emerged as a suitable location for CPC Corporation’s greenfield cracker plant and downstream petrochemical units.Taiwan $6.6 bn petrochem plan IOCL feedstock constraints

Last week, a delegation from the led by Lee Shun-Chin, president of visited the site of Indian Oil Corporation Ltd’s (IOCL’s) 15 million tonne crude oil refinery at Paradip.

Before the site visit, the delegation had negotiations with Dharmendra Pradhan, Union minister for petroleum & natural gas.Taiwan $6.6 bn petrochem plan IOCL feedstock constraints

The successful operations of the projects proposed by are contingent on a consistent supply of feedstock by the IOCL refinery unit.

IOCL, though open to establishment of new petrochemical units around its refinery plans, is constrained to supply raw materials to the interested units. “IOCL has genuine feedstock constraints.Taiwan $6.6 bn petrochem plan IOCL feedstock constraints

The oil company is not in a position to firm up commitments for the downstream units,” said a source familiar with the development.Taiwan $6.6 bn petrochem plan IOCL feedstock constraints

IOCL did not respond to Business Standard’s email questionnaire till the time of filing of this report.

In fact, IOCL’s constraints to supply ethylene have put a spanner in Odisha’s efforts to draw investments in downstream space for the Petroleum, Chemicals & Investment Region (PCPIR) hub around Paradip. Strikingly, the oil monolith is the anchor tenant for the hub.Taiwan $6.6 bn petrochem plan IOCL feedstock constraints

The potential polymer based units at the PCPIR hub were looking at a steady supply of ethylene from the IOCL refinery installed at Paradip.

IOCL, however, has plans to use ethylene as a feed to set up a mono ethylene glycol plant as part of its petrochemical complex.Taiwan $6.6 bn petrochem plan IOCL feedstock constraints

In this backdrop, the oil marketing company is not in a position to spare ethylene for the downstream units as the entire quantity is expected to be consumed in the value addition process.Taiwan $6.6 bn petrochem plan IOCL feedstock constraints

IOCL chairman had dashed a letter to Odisha’s chief secretary in June last year, citing the company’s constraints to supply ethylene.Taiwan $6.6 bn petrochem plan IOCL feedstock constraints

“None of the refineries in India is trading large commercial quantities of ethylene today. Also, we have not been approached by any party for ethylene,” Singh wrote then.

IOCL has suggested that the interested (polyvinyl chloride) units could explore the alternative process of producing ethylene from natural gas with the availability of natural gas around Paradip in the future.Taiwan $6.6 bn petrochem plan IOCL feedstock constraints

As the anchor tenant of the PCPIR, IOCL has sunk in Rs 350 billion on a 15 million tonne crude oil refinery.Taiwan $6.6 bn petrochem plan IOCL feedstock constraints

The refinery is positioned to offer feedstock to downstream industries in chemicals and  Taiwan $6.6 bn petrochem plan IOCL feedstock constraints

The oil major had pledged to invest Rs 517.79 billion more to commission various units of its planned petrochemical complex.Taiwan $6.6 bn petrochem plan IOCL feedstock constraints

But, the company’s establishment of petrochemical units have been impeded by lack of land allotment by the Odisha government.Taiwan $6.6 bn petrochem plan IOCL feedstock constraints

IOCL, in February last year, had asked for 2290 acres of additional land to commission the petrochemical units. The oil major preferred to have land contiguous to its 15 million tonne per annum crude oil refinery at Paradip. A decision of leasing land to the company is still pending with the state government.Taiwan $6.6 bn petrochem plan IOCL feedstock constraints

Related Topics

USA crush Iran oil sector next wave sanctions 

  • The U.S. hopes to slam the Iranian economy even harder after a first wave of sanctions was reimposed Monday.
  • The U.S. is expected to stick to its hard line, demanding importers around the world end their purchases of Iranian crude by early November, as the Iranian economy continues to tank and its currency weakens.
  • Iran could find ways to retaliate, by meddling with Middle East shipping or resuming its nuclear program, as it waits to see if the U.S. election in November results in a strong showing for the GOP or a new wave of Democrats in Congress.
Patti Domm |

Crude prices are likely to be volatile and higher, as tensions between the U.S. and Tehran rise ahead of the next wave of sanctions, aimed at cutting off Iran’s oil exports by early November.

As a first wave of U.S. sanctions were reimposed Monday on Iran’s financial, automotive, aviation and metals sectors, Iran President Hassan Rouhani lashed back, saying President Donald Trump‘s call for talks between the two countries was not honest and was only for show in America.

USA crush Iran oil sector next wave sanctions 

Charles Crowell | Bloomberg | Getty Images
The Iran Abadan, left, a crude oil tanker owned by the National Iranian Tanker Company in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.USA crush Iran oil sector next wave sanctions 

“If you stab someone in the back and then say you want talks, then the first thing you have to do is remove the knife,” Rouhani said in a televised address. Rouhani’s speech came after reports of protesters taking to the streets in recent days complaining about the faltering economy and rising prices, and chanting: “Death to inflation! Death to unemployment!” according to The Wall Street Journal.

Analysts see little chance for discussions between the U.S. and Iran and expect both sides to become more entrenched, for now.USA crush Iran oil sector next wave sanctions 

“There’s no way there’s sanctions relief before an agreement is reached. Then the Iranians don’t gain anything from talking,” said Matthew Reed, vice president at Foreign Report. “The White House has set a very high bar for what they think Iranian conduct should be. This is not just about the nuclear agreement. It’s about everything the Iranians do and get away with in the region.”USA crush Iran oil sector next wave sanctions 

The U.S. has objected to Iranian meddling in the conflicts in Syria and Yemen, in which it supports rebels that are hostile to Saudi Arabia.USA crush Iran oil sector next wave sanctions 

The U.S. has also charged that Iran supports terrorist organizations such as Hezbollah and Hamas.USA crush Iran oil sector next wave sanctions 

“On top of that, the White House also wants to see human rights respected. It’s a very long list and a lot of it speaks to the DNA of the [Iranian] system,” Reed said.

Oil prices were higher Monday as the sanctions were reimposed but mainly because Saudi Arabia oil production reportedly fell in July, to 10.29 million barrels a day, a decline of 200,000 barrels from the month earlier.

The decline in output was a surprise because Saudi Arabia had seemed to commit to Trump’s request to tap its spare capacity and add barrels to the market to make up for shortfalls due to Iran.USA crush Iran oil sector next wave sanctions 

The reduction in Iranian exports has not yet shown up in the market, but the Saudi reduction in output created nervousness in the market.

“Without the extra Saudi oil we had in June, it’s hard to crunch the numbers and get a lower price going into the end of the year,” said John Kilduff of Again Capital, adding Saudi Arabia should now be gearing up to increase its output.

West Texas Intermediate crude futures rose 0.8 percent Monday to $69.01 per barrel. How much oil prices move in coming weeks though depends on how successful the U.S. will be in halting Iranian oil sales around the world by Nov. 5, when another round of sanctions hits Iranian oil exports.USA crush Iran oil sector next wave sanctions 

Analysts expect as much as 1 million barrels a day to come off the market by year-end or the first quarter, while the U.S. had demanded that all Iranian exports of about 2.5 million barrels a day be stopped.USA crush Iran oil sector next wave sanctions 

“From all I’m hearing, the Trump administration is very serious about efforts to deeply cut Iranian exports and put more pressure on the regime, and I do think this market will tighten,” said Helima Croft, head of global commodities strategy at RBC. “In the fourth quarter, we will have a much tighter situation.USA crush Iran oil sector next wave sanctions 

On price, it will be how much can Gulf States respond in terms of putting additional barrels on the market and what do security issues look like. Are we having an Iranian nuclear restart or are we having maritime issues?”USA crush Iran oil sector next wave sanctions 

U.S. officials have said they want Iranian exports to drop to zero by November though they have also said they will talk to countries and companies that are trying to cut back.

“I am pleased that many international firms have already announced their intent to leave the Iranian market, and several countries have indicated that they will reduce or end imports of Iranian crude oil.USA crush Iran oil sector next wave sanctions 

We urge all nations to take such steps to make clear that the Iranian regime faces a choice: either change its threatening, destabilizing behavior and reintegrate with the global economy, or continue down a path of economic isolation,” Trump said in a statement Monday.USA crush Iran oil sector next wave sanctions 

The Trump administration withdrew from the nuclear deal with Iran and five other countries that had ended sanctions on Iran in return for it terminating its nuclear program. The Trump administration said the deal favored Iran and would have allowed it to resume its nuclear program eventually.

The other countries so far remain in the deal with Iran but there is some speculation Iran will return to its nuclear program, after Europe proves unable to take actions to soften the blow of the sanctions.USA crush Iran oil sector next wave sanctions 

“One of the defining features of the last few months is we have officials in foreign governments saying one thing and the private sector saying another. You have officials talking tough.USA crush Iran oil sector next wave sanctions 

They’re promising to resist U.S. sanctions and they’re going to help the companies, and companies are saying we’re not sure we want to,” said Reed. India, for instance, imported a record amount of crude, about 770,000 barrels, last month through state-owned companies, even though its private-sector refineries said they were backing away from Iranian oil.USA crush Iran oil sector next wave sanctions 

Reed said some buyers of Iranian crude have ramped up imports ahead of time and will cut back closer to the deadline, promising to reduce imports from now elevated levels, in the hope that will help reduce the impact of sanctions. Reed said the major buyers of Iran’s crude will continue to be India, Turkey and China, while other Asian buyers, such as Japan and South Korea, are clearly cutting back.USA crush Iran oil sector next wave sanctions 

“If countries are going to cut oil imports to get exemptions from the U.S. government, they’ll do that in September and October, before the deadline. We could see volumes come off the market before then,” Reed said. That could add to volatility in oil prices, but also by then Saudi Arabia will be exiting its own high-demand period, when it uses about 500,000 more barrels a day in the summer to generate electric power. It could send those additional barrels to the market.USA crush Iran oil sector next wave sanctions 

Croft said Iran could restart its nuclear program as it attempts to agitate the U.S.

Croft also said it’s too soon to judge the potential damage to the Iranian regime. “We might be in a different moment than we were in 2009. But the leadership doesn’t show it’s willing to blink at this moment,” Croft said.USA crush Iran oil sector next wave sanctions 

“The long story short, if there is a serious crisis of legitimacy underway, the regime doesn’t seem to have an answer for it,” said Reed. “It is an existential crisis. The protests are too small, but if you look at what officials and former officials are saying in Iran to each other, they’re clearly worried the system is in trouble, maybe mortal danger. It is clearly blunt talk coming from officials,” he said.USA crush Iran oil sector next wave sanctions 

One concern among analysts is what would happen if the current regime were to be toppled. Kilduff said Rouhani may want to come to the table to talk to Trump ultimately. “The Iranians need an out. They’re going to get desperate quick,” he said, noting it could be a more right-wing regime that could take over.USA crush Iran oil sector next wave sanctions 

Reed said Iran has options for now. “One of the big ones is to threaten international shipping in the Middle East, which they’ve done more explicitly over this summer,” he said. “They’re going to try every trick in the book. They’re going to resort to some old tricks they have at times used. … They have to wait and see what happens to the Trump administration. They have to see what happens in the midterm elections in the U.S. This is a story that’s going to drag on.”USA crush Iran oil sector next wave sanctions 

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Amcor Bemis Combine $6.8 Billion deal  

Amcor and Bemis to Combine in $6.8 Billion deal   Amcor Bemis Combine $6.8 Billion deal

Weekly resin report PE polyethylene prices soften  

Weekly resin report: PE prices soften  Weekly resin report PE polyethylene prices soften

Source – by: PlasticsToday Staff
Resin Pricing
Weekly resin report PE polyethylene prices soften

The spot resin markets began the week quietly, but activity picked up steam in the first days of August. Prime polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) prices were mostly steady, with occasional exceptions to the downside, reports the PlasticsExchange (Chicago) in its Market Update. Overall transacted volumes were ultimately robust and heavily weighted in favor of PE over PP.Weekly resin report PE polyethylene prices soften

Export interest from Latin America and Europe remained healthy, while traders serving the Chinese market remained cautious because of the looming tariffs. PE producers are taking another crack at their oft-attempted $0.03/lb price increase; PP producers will pass through the likely $0.03 to 0.04/lb PGP monomer cost increase that could materialize in August. Weekly resin report PE polyethylene prices soften

The spot PE market continued to transact at a hectic pace after activity fired up midweek to begin August. There was a steady flow of offers, and resin availability was liquid for almost all commodity grades.Weekly resin report PE polyethylene prices soften

Buyers seemed to step up their order size, with the PlasticsExchange reporting that total transacted volumes were driven more by railcar deals than spot truckloads.

Sellers were not shy about offering resin, either, and nice discounts were available for good off-grade domestic railcars, while prices also were a tad softer in Houston.

Like many manufacturers, your shop floor operations may be challenged with inefficient processes, unpredictable downtime, and difficulties with machinery maintenance. A manufacturing execution system (MES) can help make the most of your shop floor’s capabilities, with tools that can identify under-performing and high-performance machines, and then optimize asset utilization accordingly.Weekly resin report PE polyethylene prices soften

Most Generic Prime grades managed flat, though high-density PE for blowmolding and low-density (LD) PE for film each slid a cent.Weekly resin report PE polyethylene prices soften

Over the past month, premiums have deteriorated for previously tight resins such as LDPE and linear-low-density PE for injection, as inventories continue to swell at the producer level and resin availability improves.Weekly resin report PE polyethylene prices soften

The July $0.03/lb contract increase was again rolled over to August; however, implementation seems unlikely with a possible decrease on the horizon given the negative spot pricing trend. Weekly resin report PE polyethylene prices soften

PP trading was average, at best, as spot demand seemed to wane. Off-grade prices were steady to soft, while Prime held its $0.02/lb increase from the previous week. Overall prime PP availability was scarce, while there was a good flow of off-grade railcars that continued to pelt the market, according to the PlasticsExchange.

Current warehoused supplies of prime imported material have diminished, though there is more material on the water heading to U.S. shores.Weekly resin report PE polyethylene prices soften

Processors that could handle good off-grade resins picked away to fill in supply gaps. The more specialty grades of commodity copolymer PP, like Random Clarified and No Break, are still hard to find and command a premium, if available. A slight quantity of homopolymer PP Raffia trickled back into the market, but, in general, this grade still remains tight. PP buyers should expect to see a moderate contract increase based on stronger spot PGP monomer levels. Weekly resin report PE polyethylene prices soften

Read the full Market Update on the PlasticsExchange website.

Related Topics

Bio-on Siemens Industry 4.0 bioplastic sector

Bio-on chooses Siemens control and supervisory systems to develop Industry 4.0 in the bioplastic sector   Bio-on Siemens Industry 4.0 bioplastic sector

Bio-on  Siemens  Industry 4.0 bioplastic sector  Bio-on  Siemens  Industry 4.0 bioplastic sector
Press
Joint press release
Siemens and Bio-OnMilan, 06 August 2018
  • Bio-on’s new production hub has begun producing bioplastic with a Siemens control and supervisory system    
  • The new Bio-on plant was created innovatively, beginning with a digital twin that enabled prototyping and virtual simulation before actual production began 
  • Real-time generation and analysis of production process data enables accurate control over the process and ensures faster, more accurate decisions can be taken
  • The plant’s objectives include eliminating errors and increasing efficiency in bioplastic production, exceeding current market standards

Bio-on S.p.A., listed on the AIM segment of Borsa Italiana and operating in the high quality, 100% natural and biodegradable bioplastic sector, has chosen Siemens automation and plant control and management systems for its bioplastic production plant at Castel San Pietro Terme, near Bologna (Italy). With the goal of making the production process more efficient and eliminating errors, the hub looks set to be one of the best examples of Industry 4.0 in the green chemicals and PHAs (polyhydroxyalkanoates) bioplastic sector.Bio-on Siemens Industry 4.0 bioplastic sector

“Bio-on is a wonderful example of industry finding a way of being sustainable with plastic,” says Giuliano Busetto, Country Division Lead Digital Factory and Process Industries and Drives at Siemens Italia and Administrator of Siemens Industrial Software Srl“Industry can benefit the country’s sustainability through the natural production of biodegradable biopolymers. We are proud to support the development of this industry through our innovative technology, through integration between the world of automation, process control and Information Technology, through our industrial software platforms, bolstered by our unique positioning throughout the life cycle of the production process.” Bio-on Siemens Industry 4.0 bioplastic sector

Bio-on’s innovative idea was to build, with the support of Siemens, a digital model of the plant (the so-called digital twin), placing automation and data at the heart of the design. “The domination of steel over software should end,” says Bio-on Chairman and CEO Marco Astorri.Bio-on Siemens Industry 4.0 bioplastic sector

“Industrial design must be centred on automation because only then can true efficiency be achieved, not just in energy terms but also plant optimisation. We are confident that this collaboration with Siemens can be extended to all our new bioplastic production plants built in the future around the world.” Bio-on Siemens Industry 4.0 bioplastic sector

The Castel San Pietro Terme plant design started out with plant management and automation systems before moving on to plant engineering and service structures. This process makes a major contribution towards changing the mentality of designers and creating new cross-sector skills among engineers.

Siemens’ supervision, control and automation technologies are at the heart of the plant that Bio-on recently opened in Italy – the world’s first plant producing special bioplastics for cosmetics uses: biopolymer micro-spheres made by fermenting non-pathogenic bacteria fed on plant waste (sugar beet, glycerol, fruit, potatoes and sugar cane waste); a 100% natural and sustainable supply chain with zero impact on the environment.

All the PHAs bioplastics developed by Bio-on are made from renewable plant sources with no competition with food supply chains.Bio-on Siemens Industry 4.0 bioplastic sector

They can replace a number of conventional polymers currently made with petrochemical processes using hydrocarbons; they enable the same thermo-mechanical properties as conventional plastics with the advantage of being completely eco-sustainable and 100% naturally biodegradable.Bio-on Siemens Industry 4.0 bioplastic sector

The technology behind the plant 
Siemens control and supervisory systems ensures a number of advantages in plant management, in terms of production, economic, energy, production chain reliability, environmental and, last but not least, security.Bio-on Siemens Industry 4.0 bioplastic sector

These systems enhance the skills and experience of the technicians overseeing the production process and, using data generated by the machines, can take accurate decisions based on real information. This helps reduce or eliminate errors and achieve extremely high production standards.Bio-on Siemens Industry 4.0 bioplastic sector

Bio-on has entrusted process control at its Castel San Pietro Terme plant and automation management to the Siemens Simatic PCS7 DCS in order to ensure more effective programming. The process data archiving system, built into the PCS7 and called MIS (Management Information System), provides real-time analysis and evaluation to optimise production over the short and long term.Bio-on Siemens Industry 4.0 bioplastic sector

An MIS acquires process data, laboratory analysis data, data on fuel consumption, efficiency, wear and tear of components, etc. and makes it available for display in various significant and intuitive graphic forms. This data can be shared in a network in the form of daily, weekly or monthly summary tables and is used to generate trends and reports.

Contact information for journalists: 
Siemens Italia
Valentina Di Luca, mobile: +39 337 146 92 20
e-mail: valentina.diluca@siemens.com
Bio-on
Simona Vecchies, mobile: +39 335 124 51 90
e-mail: press@bio-on.it

Images are available at www.siemens.it/press
Follow us on Twitter: www.twitter.com/Siemens_stampa

Siemens is a global technology powerhouse that has stood for engineering excellence, innovation, quality, reliability and internationality for 170 years. The company is active around the globe, focusing on the areas of electrification, automation and digitalization. One of the world’s largest producers of energy-efficient, resource-saving technologies, Siemens is a leading supplier of efficient power generation and power transmission solutions and a pioneer in infrastructure solutions as well as automation, drive and software solutions for industry. With its publicly listed subsidiary Siemens Healthineers AG, the company is also a leading provider of medical imaging equipment – such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging systems – and a leader in laboratory diagnostics as well as clinical IT. In fiscal 2017, which ended on September 30, 2017, Siemens generated revenue of €83.0 billion and net income of €6.2 billion. At the end of September 2017, the company had around 377,000 employees worldwide. Present in Italy since 1899, Siemens is one of the largest companies in the country with centres of competence in industrial software and electric mobility, a technology and application centre (TAC) for Industry 4.0 and two production plants. Its activities help make Italy a more sustainable, efficient and digitalized country. The company ended the 2017 fiscal year with revenue of approximately 2 billion Euro. www.siemens.it

Bio-on S.p.A., an Italian Intellectual Property Company (IPC), operates in the bioplastic sector conducting applied research and development of modern bio-fermentation technologies in the field of eco-sustainable and completely naturally biodegradable materials. In particular, Bio-on develops industrial applications through the creation of product characterisations, components and plastic items. Since February 2015, Bio-on S.p.A. has also been operating in the development of natural and sustainable chemicals for the future.  Bio-on has developed an exclusive process for the production of a family of polymers called PHAs (polyhydroxyalkanoates) from agricultural waste (including molasses and sugar cane and sugar beet syrups). The bioplastic produced in this way is able to replace the main families of conventional plastics in terms of performance, thermo-mechanical properties and versatility. Bio-on PHAs is a bioplastic that can be classified as 100% natural and completely biodegradable: this has been certified by Vincotte and by USDA (United States Department of Agriculture). The Issuer’s strategy envisages the marketing of licenses for PHAs production and related ancillary services, the development of R&D (also through new collaborations with universities, research centres and industrial partners), as well as the realisation of industrial plants designed by Bio-on. Website: www.bio-on.it  Bio-on Siemens Industry 4.0 bioplastic sector

Attachment

Asia petrochemicals outlook aromatics polymers olefins

Asia petrochemicals outlook, w/c Aug 6   Asia petrochemicals outlook aromatics polymers olefins

Source : Platts

Asia petrochemicals outlook aromatics polymers olefinsSingapore — The Asian petrochemicals market will be affected by downstream margins, turnaround seasons and the depreciation of the Chinese Yuan against the US dollar.

Paraxylene and ethylene prices are expected to buoy given a bullish run in downstream margins. Meanwhile supply is turning tight in the face of turnaround seasons for benzene, ethylene and propylene.

AROMATICS

The CFR Taiwan/China paraxylene price surged 6.6% week on week to hit a near four-year high last Friday.Asia petrochemicals outlook aromatics polymers olefins

The demand for September cargo had also coincided with a particularly bullish run in the downstream September purified terephthalic acid futures contract which settles on the Zhengzhou Commodities Exchange.Asia petrochemicals outlook aromatics polymers olefins

Thus, ensuring that margins for PX producers from CFR Japan naphtha hit a near four-year high on August 2, 2018, with the bull run expected to continue for another two weeks until the September futures contract expires.Asia petrochemicals outlook aromatics polymers olefins

This bull run has also seen producers like Sinopec Jinling shelve maintenance plans for the end of Q3, in order to capitalize on the handsome spread from naphtha, along with Thai producer PTT Global Chemical issuing another spot tender for 5,000 mt of cargo loading at the end of August.Asia petrochemicals outlook aromatics polymers olefins

In Asian benzene, plant troubles are expected to affect cargoes loading in September and October.Asia petrochemicals outlook aromatics polymers olefins

This has resulted in the market structure flipping into a backwardation last week, as market participants are more keen to buy benzene for September loading. The September/October spread stood at $3/mt last Friday, from parity a week earlier. Meanwhile, unplanned shutdowns in September would amount to a loss of approximately 26,600 mt/year in nameplate capacity.Asia petrochemicals outlook aromatics polymers olefins

South Korea’s Hanwha Total’s No. 2 BTX unit will be shut for two weeks in September, while Japanese JX Nippon Oil & Energy’s Wakayama unit will be shut for a month from mid-September.Asia petrochemicals outlook aromatics polymers olefins

OLEFINS

In the Asian ethylene market, sources said a balanced demand and supply for September would likely turn tight compared with August, as spot supplies from Southeast Asia are expected to be thin in line with planned steam cracker turnarounds in Singapore and Thailand. On the demand side, spot demand is expected to remain healthy especially in China due to persistent positive margins for some downstream production, notably styrene monomer.Asia petrochemicals outlook aromatics polymers olefins

China’s domestic propylene prices could continue to rise this week in light of a shortage of spot supply. There are more turnarounds among some crackers in Southeast Asia, and more cargoes are being diverted there, resulting in shorter supply, a South Korean trader said.Asia petrochemicals outlook aromatics polymers olefins

POLYMERS

Asian low density polyethylene prices inched $5/mt lower week on week Wednesday, amid the seasonal demand lull.Asia petrochemicals outlook aromatics polymers olefins

While China’s polymer inventories were heard to be low, many Chinese market participants are likely to continue to adopt a wait-and-watch approach due to the depreciation of the Chinese Yuan against the US dollar.

In plant news, China’s Zhongan Lianhe plans to start up its new 350,000 mt/year coal-based high density polyethylene/linear low density unit at Anhui in 2019, a source close to the company said.Asia petrochemicals outlook aromatics polymers olefins

Market sources expect the full commissioning and startup to last a few months, typical of all polymer units, which require some time to startup.

–Shermaine Ang, shermaine.ang@spglobal.com

–Edited by Norazlina Juma’at, norazlina.jumaat@spglobal.com

Related Topics

– EMEA petrochemicals outlook, w/c July 23    EMEA petrochemicals outlook Olefins Aromatics Polymers

Crude oil prices Saudi output July Opec

Crude oil futures up on lower Saudi output for July; ICE Brent at $73.96/b, NYMEX WTI $69.47/b  Crude oil prices Saudi output July Opec

Author Katherine Dunn

Editor Jonathan Dart

Crude oil prices Saudi output July Opec

London — Crude oil prices rose in Monday morning European trading, buoyed by signs of lower output from Saudi Arabia in July, against the backdrop of the start of US sanctions on Iran on Tuesday, rising OPEC production overall and an escalating trade war between the US and China.Crude oil prices Saudi output July Opec

At 1045, October Brent futures were up 75 cents from Friday’s settle at $73.96/b, while the NYMEX September WTI contract was up 98 cents from Friday, at $69.47/b. The US dollar was up 0.25%, which is often bearish for commodities, as it makes buying crude more expensive for buyers who hold other currencies.Crude oil prices Saudi output July Opec

Saudi Arabia produced about 10.29 million b/d of crude in July, even as it supplied 10.38 million b/d to the market, implying the country pulled product out of inventories, a Saudi source told S&P Global Platts on Friday.Crude oil prices Saudi output July Opec

Saudi OPEC Governor Adeeb al-Aama said the kingdom would drop its crude exports by 100,000 b/d in August.Crude oil prices Saudi output July Opec

Elsewhere Baker Hughes said on Friday its US rig count, a key proxy for the pace of US production, dropped by two rigs to 859 for the week ended August 3.

These signs of lower output came against the backdrop of a likely overall 340,000 b/d month-on-month rise in OPEC output to an expected 32.66 million b/d in July, according to a survey by S&P Global Platts.Crude oil prices Saudi output July Opec

The forecasts come ahead of the highly anticipated monthly report from OPEC on July output, which will be released on August 13.Crude oil prices Saudi output July Opec

However, the picture for crude markets remained volatile and mixed, according to analysts.Crude oil prices Saudi output July Opec

On Monday, higher prices were also shaking off the escalation of the trade war between the US and China, with China expected to dramatically cut crude imports from the US in retaliation for a slate of US tariffs.Crude oil prices Saudi output July Opec

Meanwhile, US sanctions on Iran are scheduled to begin officially on Tuesday following the 180-day countdown period after US President Donald Trump officially announced the country would reimpose sanctions.Crude oil prices Saudi output July Opec

“Brent and WTI are getting off to a better start to the new week today despite the escalating trade dispute between the US and China and a firmer US dollar,” Commerzbank analysts said in a morning note. “Presumably, some market participants expect the huge drop in Iranian oil exports that is on the cards to tighten the supply situation and drive up prices.”Crude oil prices Saudi output July Opec

Saudi tankers have restarted voyages through the Bab al-Mandab strait, a critical choke point in the Red Sea, after Aramco temporarily halted all shipments following an attack last month by Yemeni Houthi militants on two VLCCs.

However, those tankers were heard to be cautious, with some attempting to hide their locations by shutting off their transponders, according to data from cFlow, S&P Global Platts tradeflow software.

Yemen’s Houthi rebels called a unilateral two-week halt last week to attacks on vessels in the Red Sea.Crude oil prices Saudi output July Opec

–Katherine Dunn, katherine.dunn@spglobal.com

–Edited by Jonathan Dart, jonathan.dart@spglobal.com

Related Topics

-Saudis Won’t Suspend Oil Exports To The West   Saudis Won’t Suspend Crude Oil Exports West

Covestro Thermoplastic Composites Maezio Strong Light Aesthetic

Maezio™ ˗ The New Brand For Strong, Light And Aesthetic Composite Materials: Covestro Introduces Brand Name For Thermoplastic Composites   Covestro Thermoplastic Composites Maezio Strong Light Aesthetic

COVESTRO AG

Distributed by Public

Covestro Thermoplastic Composites Maezio Strong Light AestheticCovestro is pushing ahead with developing and marketing its continuous fiber-reinforced thermoplastic composites (CFRTP) by introducing Maezio™ as brand name.

These innovative materials are set to tap into the growing demand worldwide for strong and light materials that contribute to resource conservation and energy efficiency.Covestro Thermoplastic Composites Maezio Strong Light Aesthetic

From mobility and electronics industries to consumer goods and medical products, OEMs and part suppliers can benefit from the high performance capabilities of advanced composites while enjoying cost-effective and scalable manufacturing solutions offered by Maezio™.Covestro Thermoplastic Composites Maezio Strong Light Aesthetic

‘The brand gives us a clear and strong identity to further expand our expertise in thermoplastic composites,’ says David Hartmann, Co-CEO of CFRTP, one of the two Co-CEOs for CFRTP composites alongside Dr. Michael Schmidt. ‘We believe the new brand can truly bring value to next-generation products across industries by delivering a combination of lightweight construction, specific strengths and finishes at a scale unreachable by advanced materials today.’Covestro Thermoplastic Composites Maezio Strong Light Aesthetic

Material of tomorrow
The composite material of the future is based on continuous carbon or glass fibers impregnated with polycarbonate, thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) or other thermoplastic resins.Covestro Thermoplastic Composites Maezio Strong Light Aesthetic

From these components, Covestro produces uni-directional reinforced tapes and sheets at the production site in Markt Bibart in south Germany for further processing by customers. Being strong, light, and aesthetic, these components can be combined into an unlimited number of products, giving designers completely new creative opportunities.

So far a further propagation of advanced composites was hampered by lack of cost-effective and scalable manufacturing processes.

Besides that it is difficult to integrate them into high-volume products. All of this is about to change with Maezio™ composites.Covestro Thermoplastic Composites Maezio Strong Light Aesthetic

Suitable for mass production
They can be thermoformed with existing thermoforming tools at high yield rates and low cycle times.Covestro Thermoplastic Composites Maezio Strong Light Aesthetic

This is vital when manufacturing scales can be in the range of millions of parts per year. Other production technologies such as hybrid injection molding, automated UD tape laying and automated fiber placement can be easily integrated.

As thermoplastic composites, Maezio™ products can be recycled at the end of their useful life, making them ‘a perfect example of what scalable and sustainable composite solutions look like in giving industries the material tools to push boundaries,’ says Michael Schmidt.

Strong interest from many sectors
Maezio™ is attracting interest in such diverse segments as the electrical and electronics industry, the automotive business, household appliance manufacturers and furniture producers, medical technology, sports goods manufacturers, shoe producers and the luggage industry.Covestro Thermoplastic Composites Maezio Strong Light Aesthetic

Haier, the world’s largest white goods brand, has launched a state-of-the-art air conditioner under its Casarte brand, which utilizes Maezio™ for the main housing of the product.Covestro Thermoplastic Composites Maezio Strong Light Aesthetic

In the world of footwear, the composites have helped Chinese athletic wear startup Bmai to develop even lighter and stronger marathon shoes which benefit athletes and leisure runners alike.Covestro Thermoplastic Composites Maezio Strong Light Aesthetic

About Covestro:
With 2017 sales of EUR 14.1 billion, Covestro is among the world’s largest polymer companies.Covestro Thermoplastic Composites Maezio Strong Light Aesthetic

Business activities are focused on the manufacture of high-tech polymer materials and the development of innovative solutions for products used in many areas of daily life.

The main segments served are the automotive, construction, wood processing and furniture, and electrical and electronics industries.

Other sectors include sports and leisure, cosmetics, health and the chemical industry itself. Covestro has 30 production sites worldwide and employs approximately 16,200 people (calculated as full-time equivalents) at the end of 2017.

Find more information at www.covestro.com.

Forward-looking statements
This news release may contain forward-looking statements based on current assumptions and forecasts made by Covestro AG. Various known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors could lead to material differences between the actual future results, financial situation, development or performance of the company and the estimates given here. These factors include those discussed in Covestro’s public reports which are available at www.covestro.com.Covestro Thermoplastic Composites Maezio Strong Light Aesthetic

The company assumes no liability whatsoever to update these forward-looking statements or to conform them to future events or developments.

Related Topics

– Covestro raises full-year guidance despite signs of polyurethane normalisation    Covestro signs polyurethane products normalisation

Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boost

Plastics proliferation transitioning to bioplastics boost   Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boost

Helena Tavares Kennedy

Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boostIHS Markit published a plastics report saying that the market value for biodegradable polymers exceeds $1 billion and will rise sharply by 2023 thanks to increased plastic regulations and bans in Western Europe. But it’s not just Europe that we are seeing bans on plastic. Multinational companies like Kraft, Starbucks, McDonalds, Marriott, Disney and more are all jumping on the anti-plastic bandwagon as consumers demand more responsible action from their favorite brands and products. And it’s not just IHS Markit that is optimistic about the future of bioplastics.Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boost

So what will replace the plastic bags, straws and ketchup packets? That’s where it gets interesting.Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boost

While some companies are looking to use what we already have – recycled plastic – as a solution, others are getting even more innovative with all sorts of new bioplastics as alternatives.Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boost

The funny thing is they aren’t even alternatives really, since they could completely replace plastics…and some companies are on a roll to get there.Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boost

Beyond recycling

While Kraft is looking at making its food packaging more recyclable, reusable or compostable, others are going beyond that and looking at creating a totally new way of looking at food packaging with biobased materials.Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boost

As reported in The Digest in July, a consortium is trialing the use of seaweed sachets for fast food condiments, led by Skipping Rocks Lab. The sachets are made from alginate and are biodegradable.

In July, the Digest reported that a flexible plastic alternative for food packaging made from tree cellulose and chitin nanofibers (from crab shells) is a viable option. The bioplastic was flexible, transparent and compostable along with gas barrier properties making it perfect for food packaging.Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boost

Major players

Much has been happening with bioplastics beyond the research lab, however, and is now found in actual products around the globe.Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boost

With all the recent hype about straw bans by Starbucks, Disney, Marriott, and others, NatureWorks (a joint venture of Cargill and PTT Global Chemical) and Sukano already has biobased straws covered.Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boost

As reported by The Digest in September 2017, additive and color masterbatch firm Sukano produced high-performance, compostable drinking straws using NatureWork’s Ingeo-brand polylactic acid bioplastic.Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boost

Straws are currently produced from polypropylene, and any biobased alternatives must meet a number of functional requirements. Sukano was able to reduce PLA’s brittleness to avoid rough edges during straw production. And, by adding melt enhancers, Sukano increased PLA’s dimensional stability and added flexibility, so the straws would not crack at high temperature.Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boost

“At NatureWorks, we are helping rethink plastics,” says Steve Davies, Commercial Director at NatureWorks Performance Packaging. “The replacement of conventional oil-based polypropylene by Ingeo™ in drinking straws is just one example of how bioplastics can help address sustainability, while still providing the high performance material required for this application.Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boost

Avantium has also made huge strides with bioplastics with its YXY technology which converts plant-based sugar into chemicals and plastics, including 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid, a precursor to the promising bioplastic polyethylene furanoate.

The company is now safely emerged from its celebrated IPO, and is embarked on the development of the first commercial plant project with its JV partner BASF — so, its been a big period and even more critical thresholds lie ahead for Avantium. In fact, they just announced their first half of 2018 financial results which look promising with a 12% growth in revenues so far this year. The Avantium/BASF renewable plastics joint venture is looking up too, after a delay was announced back in January.

In April, the Digest reported that DuPont Industrial Biosciences and Archer Daniels Midland opened their joint pilot plant for producing furan dicarboxylic methyl ester. Made from fructose, FDME can be used to produce high-performing, renewable plastics. One of the first FDME-based polymers under development by DuPont is polytrimethylene furandicarboxyate (PTF), a novel polyester also made from DuPont’s biobased 1,3-propanediol. In bottling applications, PTF is a 100% biobased alternative to polyethylene terephthalate that enables lighter-weight, more sustainable, and better performing bottles.

California-based Origin Materials is another company making bioplastics a reality with their furanic chemicals. Instead of making the plastic-building chemical the traditional way using oil, they use plant-based materials like corn, wood chips and cardboard residues. The main product their chemical is currently being used for is in the making of plastic water bottles.

Another major player, TOTAL Corbion PLA, a joint venture of energy producer TOTAL and lactic-acid producer Corbion, recently launched a stereocomplex PLA reinforced with glass fiber for use in a broad range of industrial applications, including those that require a material to withstand temperatures close to 200°C. The stereocomplex PLA has long, regularly interlocking polymer chains to enable higher heat resistance than standard PLA. New application possibilities include biobased replacement for PBT and PA glass fiber reinforced products, as reported in The Digest in May.Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boost

“Over the past decades, the benefits of full stereocomplex PLA have been studied by universities and R&D departments on a laboratory scale,” Stefan Barot, Senior Business Director the Asia Pacific, tells Plastics Insight.Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boost

“Now, Total Corbion PLA is the first company to scale up this technology and make it available for a broad range of industrial applications. The technology enables full stereocomplex morphology not only in the lab environment but also in commercial production facilities”.Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boost

TOTAL Corbion PLA also plans to start up a world-scale polylactic-acid facility in Thailand by the end of 2018.Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boost

The U.S. accounts for the bulk of production for these polymers, but Thailand, with its proximity to growing markets in Southeast Asia, its expanding bio-economy, favorable investment climate, stable government, and access to cost-effective sugarcane feedstocks for fermentation, is becoming an increasingly important contributor to the biodegradable polymers market, the IHS Markit report said.Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boost

Italy-based biotech company Novamont is taking bioplastics seriously, now requiring a 40% minimum threshold for bio-based content in all of its MATER-BI compostable bioplastics, not just in Italy and France where those targets have been established for 2018, but across the board in the company.Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boost

Not without challenges

As amazing as bioplastics sound, they have some challenges still to overcome. For one, many bioplastics are often touted as compostable but many cities and regions don’t have suitable industrial composting facilities or composting programs.

Demand, while increasing, is still thought of as a challenge as well, according to Marifaith Hackett, director, specialty chemicals research at IHS Markit and the report’s lead author. “For various reasons, which may include consumer confusion regarding bio-based plastics versus biodegradable polymers, there is not as much demand for these more sustainable plastics as you might expect, despite heightened public awareness of the plastics waste issue,” Hackett said. “In addition, suitable disposal options for products made from biodegradable polymers are often lacking. The cost of establishing the infrastructure necessary to support their collection and composting remains a barrier to demand growth.”

Legislation and plastic bans are definitely helping the bioplastics industry, but not all places are on board. “More legislation is likely coming in Europe or at the E.U. level, and if that occurs, we could see major changes in this industry and pushback from producers of traditional plastic products,” Hackett said.Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boost

“The last time we at IHS Markit assessed the global demand for biodegradable polymers, we noted the U.S. was the largest driver of demand growth for this segment, but due to legislation, Europe is by far the leading demand center. Europe is the place to watch, as Europeans are particularly motivated to reduce marine litter.”

Bottom Line

Bioplastics have made plenty of progress in recent years, and we are hopeful on it becoming more mainstream. The IHS Markit report clearly sees the demand and production rising.Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boost

“Biodegradable plastics, which are largely starch-based compounds or polylactic acid (PLA)-based materials, have become more cost-competitive with petroleum-based plastics and the demand is growing significantly, particularly in Western Europe, where environmental regulations are the strictest,” said Hackett. “However, the demand for these biodegradable polymers is still a drop in the bucket when you compare it to demand for traditional plastics such as polyethylene (PE).”Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boost

“The properties and processability of biodegradable polymers have improved, allowing the use of these materials in a broader range of applications, but legislation is the single most important demand driver for these plastics,” Hackett said. “Restrictions on the use of non-biodegradable plastic shopping bags in Italy and France have led to a significant increase in the consumption of biodegradable polymers in those countries, and we expect European countries will continue to lead in legislative restrictions.”

In contrast, Hackett said, biodegradable polymer use has grown more slowly or stagnated in places that lack mandates.Plastics proliferation transitioning bioplastics boost

“Growing consumer awareness and activism regarding environmental issues could certainly increase the market for biodegradable plastics,” said Hackett.

Optimism abounds, however, with the current market value of biodegradable plastics exceeding $1.1 billion in 2018, and potentially reaching $1.7 billion by 2023, according to IHS Markit’s report. Things are surely looking up for bioplastics.

Plastics Technology MÉXICO PET Technologies Moderna Products

Five recycled materials new cars recycled PET bottles

Five recycled materials used in new cars  Five recycled materials new cars recycled PET bottles  

DAMIEN O’CARROLL

Car manufacturers are increasingly using recycled materials in their cars. Today we take a look at five. Well, four and one that didn’t happen…

Car manufacturers have generally been a bit slow off the mark in using recycled materials in their products, but that is quickly changing, with an increasing number starting to re-purpose existing stuff into new cars.

Today we take a look at five recycled things used in new cars.

Plastic bottles

VOLVO PR / SUPPLIED

Volvo uses recycled PET plastics to make the carpet in the XC40. We only hope they used Fanta bottles for this one.Five recycled materials new cars recycled PET bottles

When Volvo launched the XC40 it became the first vehicle manufacturer to use carpets made from 97 per cent recycled polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles.

Polyethylene terephthalate is a thermoplastic polyester that is used in fibres for clothing, containers for liquids and foods and thermoforming for manufacturing. If you are drinking a Coke from a plastic bottle as you read this, then you are holding some.

Volvo says the process is very efficient because the surface material is also a self-carrying structure, meaning that less of it is needed to produce a carpet.

Reclaimed wood

Supplied

The Karma Revero used to be called the Fisker Karma. Even the car has been recycled, just like the wood it uses inside.Five recycled materials new cars recycled PET bottles

The Fisker Karma was a premium range-extended EV that launched at the same time as the Tesla Model S, which meant it never really had a chance and everything fell over after a few years of production.Five recycled materials new cars recycled PET bottles

It did take the whole eco-friendly thing further than the Tesla, however, and only used “reclaimed” wood in its interior.

White oak from the bottom of Lake Michigan, “rescued wood” from trees killed by California wildfires and trees that have fallen naturally were all and now even the Karma itself has been recycled – after Fisker’s collapse, the rights and toolings were bought by a Chinese company and it  is now being sold as the Karma Revero

Polyester

DAVID LINKLATER

That awful Hawaiian shirt you had in 1984 could well be part of a BMW i3 now.

While Volvo were the first to do carpets, BMW takes the recycled polyester thing further.

Up to 100 per cent of the upholstery in an i3 (the percentage varies depending on options) is made from recycled polyester, with 34 per cent PET content.

Recycled and raw renewable materials make up 25 per cent of the i3’s interior, while an equal amount of the external plastics also come from recycled sources.

At the other end of its life, BMW say that a whopping 95 per cent of materials used in the i3 can be recycled. We just have to make the effort to actually do it…

Aluminium

Supplied

Jaguar’s first all-aluminium (body and monocoque) car is probably being re-used in current Jaaaags.Five recycled materials new cars recycled PET bottles

Did you know that recycling aluminium uses up to 95 per cent less energy than its primary production? Jaguar Land Rover did, so that is why the company developed a “closed-loop” recycling system that takes aluminium from scrapped cars, essentially making new cars from old ones.Five recycled materials new cars recycled PET bottles

The process saw JLR reclaim more than 75,000 tonnes of aluminium scrap and reuse it in its production process over 2016 and 2017.Five recycled materials new cars recycled PET bottles

Which means there is every chance you brand new Jaguar features a bit of classic Jaaaag, as the company has used aluminium since as far back as 1949 (cylinder heads on the XK6 engine), although it is far more likely to be from a 2002 XJ, which was the company’s first full-aluminium monocoque car.Five recycled materials new cars recycled PET bottles

Whale foreskins

Supplied

The mad Estonians behind Dartz wanted to recycle whale foreskins into leather upholstery. Whales weren’t keen and neither were most people.

Thoroughly mad Estonian armoured SUV manufacturer (and fan of unnecessarily using “Z”s instead of “S”s), Dartz Motorz Company, courted controversy a few years back when it announced its flagship Prombron model would feature leather upholstery made from whale foreskins.Five recycled materials new cars recycled PET bottles

Yes, really.

Now this would only count as recycling if the whales didn’t want their foreskins anymore – which, presumably, isn’t the case – but that didn’t stop the company attempting to make it sound like that when the inevitable outrage ensued.Five recycled materials new cars recycled PET bottles

“We have no any ideas to kill the whale or something like that,” the company said in a mangled-English press release, leaving an air of mystery as to how they expected to get their foreskins then…

– Stuff

Related Topics

-And The Worldstar Sustainability Award In Gold Goes To: Starlinger For Its rPET PP*STAR! – Worldstar Sustainability Starlinger rPET PP*STAR!

Plastic bottle producers asked create corpus PepsiCo CEO meets CM, extends support to recycling of PET plastic waste    PepsiCo Gem Enviro recycling PET plastic bottles waste 

Plastic bottle producers asked to create corpus   Plastic bottle producers asked create corpus

Manka Behl

Source : THE TIMES OF INDIA

Plastic bottle producers asked create corpus

Picture used for representational purpose

NAGPUR: In another diktat on manufacturing of plastic, the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (MPCB) has now made it mandatory for PET/PETE bottle manufacturers to create a separate fund for implementing extended producer responsibility (EPR).

In letters to various manufacturers, the MPCB states that every producer and brand owner will have to credit an amount of 15 paise per every  PET/PETE bottle which is he is selling directly or through wholesalers or retailers.Plastic bottle producers asked create corpus

TOI has in its possession a letter dated August 3, written by the board’s chairman Sudhir Shrivastava to Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation, suggesting that rules are applicable for Rail Neer bottles too. Plastic bottle producers asked create corpus

According to the board, substantial money is required for ensuring scientific disposal of the plastic bottles, which pose a threat to the environment.Plastic bottle producers asked create corpus

Highlighting that approximately 85,000 tonnes of PET bottles are being sold every year in the state, MPCB stated that only 80 % of these bottles are being recycled through the existing formal or informal arrangements. Plastic bottle producers asked create corpus

Statistics found during a recent review show that the remaining 20% consists of as many as 85 crore bottles per year, which are being littered around in the state. “The review also brought out that adequate financial resources have not been earmarked by the producers and brand owners,” the board stated. Plastic bottle producers asked create corpus
Citing the Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016 issued by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC), the board has put the onus of recycling on the manufacturers.Plastic bottle producers asked create corpus

“As per Rule 9, the brand owners who introduce their products in the market are primarily responsible for collection of the used bottles,” it said in the letter.Estimating that an expenditure around Rs15 per kg is needed for collecting the bottles, the board observed that it is unfair to impose this cost on the general public.Plastic bottle producers asked create corpus

The manufacturers will have to create the separate fund for EPR before August 15. To ensure transparency, they will have to submit quarterly reports to the board of the money credited and utilized for EPR.On Saturday, a meeting of some manufacturers with MPCB officials was held in Nagpur.Plastic bottle producers asked create corpus

“We have been asked not to increase the MRP of bottles. The extra cost will have to be adjusted internally among us and the distributors,” manufacturers said.

MPCB regional officer Rahul Wankhede said that the board will be continuously monitoring all the brand owners.Plastic bottle producers asked create corpus

“Every manufacturer will have to recycle the same quantity of bottles which it will produce. In case we find littered bottles, the concerned brand will be penalized,” he said.Last week, the state directed big brands like Haldiram, Parle, Hindustan Lever, etc, to create a reserve fund of Rs25,000 per 1 lakh packets/tetra-packs for collection and recycling.

Related Topics

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Production artificial fiber PET waste Kazakhstan

Production of artificial fiber from PET waste will be built in Kazakhstan    Production artificial fiber PET waste Kazakhstan

Production artificial fiber PET waste KazakhstanMOSCOW – Construction of a plant for the production of artificial fiber from waste polyethylene terephthalate is conducted in the industrial zone “Badam” of the Turkestan region of Kazakhstan, according to the republican media.

To date, the first phase of the investment project has been launched, the cost of which is USD20 million. Annually the plant will produce 50,000 tons of products. The volume of the project’s performance will fully satisfy the needs of Kazakhstan in artificial fiber.Production artificial fiber PET waste Kazakhstan

It is planned that 200-250 people will be involved in the launch of the plant, which will stimulate the socio-economic development of the region.Production artificial fiber PET waste Kazakhstan

This project is implemented within the framework of the memorandum of cooperation signed during the international investment forum Ontustik Invest-2016.

The construction of the project is carried out jointly with the well-known foreign company HONGKONG TIANRUN CO … LTD, regional administration and large industrial company Green Technology Industries.Production artificial fiber PET waste Kazakhstan

mrcplast.ru

Author:                Anna Larionova

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-Taiwan PET resin firms listed by U.S. for dumping – Department of Commerce (DOC) said Tuesday that it has determined in a preliminary ruling that polyethylene terephthalate (PET) resin suppliers from Taiwan and four other countries sold their products at unfairly low prices in the U.S. market – Taiwan PET resin firms USA dumping

Polymers Petrochemicals PET Resin Polyester Filament

Europe HDPE domestic prices remain low

Europe HDPE fortunes differ, domestic prices remain low in global terms   Europe HDPE domestic prices remain low 

 Source:ICIS News

LONDON (ICIS)–Some, but not all, European high density polyethylene (HDPE) sellers were hoping to lift prices in August due to a balanced-to-tight supply in some grades and the fact that values remain low compared to Asia.Europe HDPE domestic prices remain low 

– Balances mixed, some grades tight

– Fresh import offers too high to work in Europe

– Asia remains better option for exporters

Europe HDPE domestic prices remain low Fresh imported volumes have been offered, but remain generally too high to work. FOB (free on board) levels in the US have been falling but remain too high to work into Europe.

The graph below shows HDPE blowmoulding FD (free delivered) NWE (northwest Europe) spot range – minus 6.5% duties and costs to equate loosely to a CFR (cost and freight) price – compared with the Asian CFR price and US FOB (free on board) price.

HDPE injection spot prices have slightly decreased in spite of talk of higher prices from some sellers, and levels of €1,150/tonne were considered too high to be the low end of the price range.

Sources question the starting-point of discussions at some producers, as a plus €20/tonne – as suggested by some – would mean the starting point must have been very low.

 

Europe HDPE domestic prices remain low

“Customers are collecting offers to see where prices are going,” said a trader, “but there are still some low expectations.” Europe HDPE domestic prices remain low

HDPE blowmoulding remains in a wide spot price range, with some grades tight, and HDPE film is still the strongest HDPE grade. Europe HDPE domestic prices remain low

“There are some fresh offers of imports, also from the US, but they [sellers] are still far away from the reality of the European market,” said the trader.
Buyers did not generally expect to be paying more for monthly contracted volumes.

“Looking at the situation in Europe – lower imports, low prices in global terms, poor margins for producers – I might expect an increase, but it’s looking like rollover,” said one.

The pipe sector was slightly different from other HDPE grades in the wider market.

The spread between ethylene and pipe was good, and some HDPE production in Europe has shifted towards pipe where possible. Europe HDPE domestic prices remain low

The recent fall-off in demand in Asia, and most particularly China, has had a dampening effect in Europe, where export volumes have dropped off.
HDPE pipe buyers have not yet settled the month, but some saw the possibility of a limited price drop. Europe HDPE domestic prices remain low

Pricing discussions were expected to drag on into the month and potentially settle towards the end because of holidays. Europe HDPE domestic prices remain low

Pictured: HDPE pipes
Source: US’ Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Center (PPRC)

By Linda Naylor
Related Topics

Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

Achema 2018 Review  Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production 

By Scott Jenkins

Source :Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

Sustainability, digitalization and flexible production approaches emerged as major themes at the recent Achema 2018 event in Germany

Attendees at June’s Achema (www.achema.de) 2018 trade show for the chemical process industries (CPI) received healthy doses of information on products, technologies and ideas that, in one way or another, were geared toward three areas: increasing the sustainability of chemical processes; utilizing digital tools for efficiency, optimization and training; and implementing flexible manufacturing approaches, including modular construction.

This article provides an overview of some of highlights from Achema that relate to these areas. Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

Other emerging developments surrounding Achema were outlined by event organizers at the show’s launch (see sidebar, “Achema Top Trends,” p. 16).

 

Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

Dechema

Sustainable chemistry

Global population and demographics, combined with environmental protection challenges have been pressuring chemical processors to become cleaner and more efficient, but this Achema event placed a spotlight squarely on how the CPI must change to meet the needs of a sustainable future.Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

A good example of this focus at the fair was the activity of the International Sustainable Chemistry Collaborative Center (ISC 3; Bonn, Germany; www.isc3.org), a think tank and multi-stakeholder platform designed to support innovation, entrepreneurship and education in sustainable chemistry.Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

Launched last year, the organization sees itself as a “multiplier,” helping innovative products reach markets and promoting new business models.Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

The center manages a network of experts, promotes collaboration in the value chain, offers training and financial support — especially in developing countries — and carries out innovation scouting activities to discover new technologies, processes and business models, according to ISC 3 leaders.

Another example of the sustainability theme at Achema was the focus on the topic of plastics use and recycling. Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

Although there were several forums for this topic, a panel discussion on Achema’s second day (Figure 1) directly explored the challenges of making plastics more sustainable. The ideas-heavy discussion addressed the complex web of issues surrounding plastics use and recycling, including sustainable design for product packaging, consumer education and behavior, recycling logistics and others. Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

Figure 1. This Achema panel discussion explored the issues associated with plastics waste in Europe
Dechema / Jean-Luc Valentin

There was participation on the panel by representatives from a plastics trade group, an academic institute, a waste-management company and the European Commission (EC; Brussels, Belgium; www.ec.europa.eu). Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

While several members of the panel emphasized the importance of individual behavior in changing the outlook for plastic waste in the future, the role of governments also came up. The EC representative, Hugo-Maria Schally, from the Directorate General for Environment of the EC, said that government regulations would have to play a role in changing the way plastics are manufactured, used and recycled.

He described a package of initiatives from the EC, including a strategy to handle plastic waste, which has become a huge ocean-pollution problem. The European Strategy for Plastics in a Circular Economy, adopted in January of this year, is designed to foster better design of plastic products, raise plastic recycling rates and increase the quality of recyclates to support the market for recycled plastics.

Among the key strategies for addressing the challenges of sustainability of the CPI is collaboration to re-shape chemical value chains toward more sustainable models. This was the topic of a plenary lecture on the fourth day of Achema from professor Walter Leitner, of the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion (Mülheim; www.mpg.de), and Markus Steilemann, CEO of Covestro (Leverkusen, both Germany; www.covestro.com). Academic-industrial partnerships are critical, Leitner said, because many of the problems of sustainability are complex and interdisciplinary. But also, coupling chemical manufacturing with other industry sectors, such as power generation or steelmaking, can help use energy resources more efficiently and close the carbon cycle, said Steilemann. Covestro has been among the pioneers in exploring non-traditional feedstocks, such as plant-based materials and CO 2 from ammonia manufacturing operations, to make products more sustainable.Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

The award ceremony for the 2017 Dechema Prize on the last day of the conference also gave a nod to sustainability.Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

Award recipient Timothy Noël, from Eindhoven University of Technology (the Netherlands; www.tue.nl), received the award and presented his work in using sunlight and mild conditions for driving reactions in organic chemistry. Noël and his research group have explored the use of narrow-bore flow reactors and luminescent solar concentrators (LSC) to carry out chemical reactions that traditionally have required high temperatures and aggressive reactants.Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production


Achema Top Trends

Dechema (Frankfurt, Germany; www.dechema.de), the German society for chemical engineering and biotechnology that organizes the Achema tradeshows, outlined a set of “Top Trends” for this year’s event, organized into seven broad categories. In the “Plant and Project Engineering” category, trends included the shale-gas-driven boom of ethylene cracker projects in the U.S., the continued movement for world-scale megaprojects in the chemical manufacturing area, as well as the trend toward modular engineering for fine and specialty chemicals.Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

Many of Achema’s Top Trends involved the industrial internet of things (IIoT) also known as “Industry 4.0”. Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

Among the trends are the use of “digital twins” in engineering, easier predictive maintenance, and the use of augmented and virtual reality (AR/VR) for training and education.Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

Also, the list mentions the increasing use of data analytics and process simulation to boost process efficiency and optimize processes.Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

Although the topic of bio-based chemicals remains a focus for Achema, the relatively low prices for crude petroleum are challenging bio-based processes, according to the trends list. The full list of Achema 2018 Top Trends can be found in the June 11, 2018 issue of the Achema Daily (https://epaper.vogel.de/process_87118), the official publication for the event.Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

Digitalization

The incorporation of digital and industrial internet of things (IIoT)-related tools into chemical process operation and monitoring has been a leading theme in the CPI over the last few years, and the trend continued at the Achema event. Many exhibiting companies featured digital offerings, including a proliferation of augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) demonstrations for a host of applications in maintenance, training and education, and other areas.Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

German equipment maker IKA Werke GmbH (Staufen im Breisgau, Germany; www.ika.com) and American software company Bentley Systems Inc. (Exton, Pa.; www.bentley.com) were among the many showcasing AR/VR technologies at Achema.

Another company displaying AR/VR technologies at Achema was i.Safe Mobile (Lauda-Koenigshofen, Germany; www.isafe-mobile.com), which showcased an AR tablet device that mounts to a certified hardhat or helmet (Figure 2).

Users can perform hands-free maintenance and inspection tasks, while taking advantage of the headset’s capabilities, including a live-stream video feature and noise-canceling microphones for audio communications. The headset is suitable for use in hazardous environments, the company says and runs on Android software.

Figure 2. Augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) technologies, such as the headset displayed by iSafe Mobile, were spread throughout the Achema tradefair
Chemical Engineering magazine/ Mary Page Bailey

Beyond AR/VR, other digital tools in the Achema exhibit halls focused on data analytics and the interaction between human operators and digital systems. An example is Rockwell Automation’s (Milwaukee, Wis.; www.rockwellautomation.com) Factory Talk Analytics, which is designed to provide visibility into a plant’s automation system. Factory Talk incorporates a chatbot, named “Shelby,” that users can query directly. The smart system is designed to learn which topics are of interest to each user and prioritizes information accordingly.Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

A companion software system known as Factor Talk Team One allows operators to raise issues that they detect, as well as chat with each other or share photos of faulty equipment, says Rockwell.

Achema’s focus on digitalization extended to a panel discussion on the third day of the show, in which experts discussed the corporate culture changes that must occur along each company’s digital journey.Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

Among the messages touched upon by the panelists were that the objective of digitalization should be to provide tangible benefits to operators, including by creating value in the user experience. Also, panelists said that by using digital tools, companies could learn more about their customers over time.

The Achema Worldwide Business Forum for 2018 also had a digital angle, but the emphasis here was not on using digital tools for process optimization, but for e-commerce. The forum showcased companies that have begun to implement strategies for establishing business-to-business (B2B) e-commerce activities in China. Because of a number of factors, including a robust mobile-phone culture, China sits at the forefront of the digital business for chemicals.Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

Companies such as Evonik Industries (Essen, Germany; www.evonik.com) and Covestro related their experiences setting up digital sales platforms that took advantage of mobile apps widely used in China, such as WeChat. Covestro has adopted a “human-centric” model for digital business to make it as easy as possible for purchasers of chemical materials to place orders and inquire about product samples.

In a related development, Endress+Hauser Inc. (E+H; Greenwood, Ind.; www.us.endress.com) also recently launched an e-commerce platform designed to streamline customer procurement processes (www.us.endress.com/register). The new e-commerce site offers customers a personalized shopping experience for online purchases. The new site provides 24/7 access to detailed information directly on the website, for both online and offline orders, the company says.

Features include the ability to access RFQs (request for quotes), quotes and orders all in one place. Customers now can easily add products to a shopping cart and see their own pricing details, E+H says.Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

All transactions are available online, including all purchase documents. Users can check the status of current orders and see order history. Products can be saved in favorite lists for easy reordering and users can assign their own references to products as well, the company says.

Modular construction

Demand is growing in the CPI for customized products and facilities, and tighter construction schedules and budgets are becoming the norm. Modular-construction approaches address some of these challenges and are growing in popularity worldwide. Modular plants fit well into the Achema 2018 focal topic of “flexible production,” because modular plants allow plant engineers construction advantages and greater adaptability. For example: production capacity can be increased or decreased relatively easily by adding process modules in parallel; product variations can be altered by switching out modular reactors or downstream processing units; and raw material logistics can be addressed by mobile modules.

In one presentation on Achema’s fourth day, Koch Modular Process Systems (KMPS; Paramus, N.J.; www.kochmodular.com) vice president Tom Schafer, argued that modular construction approaches can make smaller, regional-scale chemical plants cost-competitive with world-scale megaprojects in certain locations. Modular construction of plants can help realize cost savings of 25–30% compared to conventionally built facilities. By locating the plant near sources of raw materials and near to customers to cut transport costs, plant economics can match megascale plants that are driven by economies of scale, he says.

An Achema booth set up by the German Electrical and Electronics Manufacturers Association, known as ZVEI (Frankfurt, Germany; www.zvei.org), brought the modular concept to the world of automation. While functional process skids and modular approaches are becoming increasingly common, the modularization of the automation system is less advanced.Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

The integration of modular skids into a higher-level, plant-wide control system often proves to be difficult. ZVEI has been involved with the development of Module Type Packages (MTP), which are technology-independent standard descriptions of the properties and interfaces of a process module.Achema 2018 Review Sustainability digitalization flexible production

The MTP concept organizes the automation system into an orchestration layer provided by the control system and module layer for the integrated MTPs. Each MTP allows the export significant information for a process module so it can be integrated into a wider plant automation system.

Related Topics

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Bottled water small-sized pigment particles microplastics

Bottled water study flags small-sized pigment particles, microplastics   Bottled water small-sized pigment particles microplastics

Bottled water small-sized pigment particles microplastics
Ninety percent of microplastic and pigment particles in bottled mineral water are smaller than the size most analytical measures pick up on, a German study has found.Microplastic is defined as pieces of plastic less than 5mm in diameter. Most though are smaller than 1.5mm. Bottled water small-sized pigment particles microplastics

These tiny particles are particularly relevant for toxicological assessment, because they are more likely to penetrate deeper into the body, according to the European Food Safety Authority’s (Efsa) statement on microplastics in food.

But they are more difficult to measure than their larger counterparts. Previous studies on microparticle contamination of bottled water have only analysed particles sized 5mm or larger, according to the paper in Water Research.

The researchers, from the Bavarian Health and Food Safety Authority and several universities, used a membrane filter and spectroscopy system that picked up on smaller microplastics.Bottled water small-sized pigment particles microplastics

More than 90% of the microplastics and pigment particles they detected in bottled water were smaller than 5mm. Bottled water small-sized pigment particles microplastics

Plastic and glass bottles

The researchers analysed 32 samples of bottled mineral water purchased in Bavarian food stores. This included single use and reusable bottles made of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), as well as glass bottles.Bottled water small-sized pigment particles microplastics

They found microplastics in all bottle types, from just over 2,000 particles per litre in single use PET bottles to up to 10,000 particles per litre in glass bottles.

Most bottles also held pigment particles. Reusable, paper labelled bottles had the highest number of pigment particles, which could be due to contamination from the printed labels when the bottles were cleaned, the researchers say.

And the research found particles of the additive tris(2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl)phosphite in reusable PET bottles. The chemical could have leached out from the bottle material itself, they say.Bottled water small-sized pigment particles microplastics

The study feeds into a search for more precise analytical methods that can measure the smallest microplastics particles. In Denmark, for instance, the EPA is seeking a reliable test method to measure levels of microplastics in drinking water. The agency says currently used analytical methods, which only pick up on larger particles, are unfit to measure the scale of the problem.Bottled water small-sized pigment particles microplastics

The Danish government has also urged the European Commission to help plug knowledge gaps on microplastics as it prepares to publish its EU plastics strategy.

Global PE markets tight 2019 LyondellBasell

Global PE markets expected to remain tight through 2019 – LyondellBasell CEO   Global PE markets tight 2019 LyondellBasell 

Source:ICIS News

NEW YORK (ICIS)–Global polyethylene (PE) markets are expected to remain tight through 2018 and into 2019, the CEO of producer LyondellBasell said on Friday.

“Last year globally we had very high operating rates – really near full capacity in ethylene and polyethylene.Global PE markets tight 2019 LyondellBasell

If you look at change in supply and change in demand from 2017 to 2018, supply growth is exceeding demand growth… by less than 1%,” said LyondellBasell CEO Bob Patel, on the company’s Q2 earnings conference call.Global PE markets tight 2019 LyondellBasell

“Given that we’re starting at very high operating rates, coming off by about 100 basis points on operating rates is frankly negligible in terms of impact on market.

In prior cycles we’ve seen reductions of 10% in operating rates or greater,” he added.

In addition, for HDPE, which accounts for around 70% of LyondellBasell’s PE output, demand growth is expected to exceed supply growth by almost 1.5% in 2018, he noted.

In 2019, overall PE supply and demand growth are expected to nearly match, while HDPE demand growth would exceed supply growth again, the CEO said.

“Who would have thought we’d have price rollovers when this much new [US] capacity comes on?” said Patel.Global PE markets tight 2019 LyondellBasell

“If by the end of the year operating rates have dropped 1%, in my view, we still have a very tight market with not much capacity coming in the next couple of years… We’ve got a pretty tight market with normal seasonality,” he added.

Global PE markets tight 2019 LyondellBasell

Global PE markets tight 2019 LyondellBasell

By Joseph Chang

Computer simulation principle next-generation carbon fibers

Computer simulation identifies a key principle for next-generation carbon fibers   Computer simulation principle next-generation carbon fibers

 The Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)
Computer simulation principle next-generation carbon fibers
Credit: Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology

Performing state-of-the-art computer simulations, a KAIST research team identified an atomistic design principle to produce high-quality, next-generation carbon fibers.

Carbon fibers are light-weight yet excellent in mechanical strength and thermal resistance. Boasting these properties, they can be diversely applied in high-technology sectors, including automotive, aerospace, and nuclear engineering.

They are produced from a polymer precursor through a series of spinning, stabilization, and carbonization processes. However, there is a major obstacle to producing high-quality . That is, when there exist ill-defined regions within the polymer matrices, they result in disorder and defects within the produced carbon fibers.

As a solution to this problem, it was proposed that the introduction of carbon nanotubes (CNT) could enhance polymer orientation and crystallization. However, although the alignment geometry of the CNT-polymer interface apparently affects the quality of produced fibers, the atomistic understanding of the CNT-polymer interface has so far been lacking, hindering further developments.

To clarify the nature of CNT-polymer interactions, Professor Yong-Hoon Kim from the Graduate School of Energy, Environment, Water and Sustainability and his team employed a multiscale approach that combines first-principles density functional theory (DFT) calculations and force-fields molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and revealed the unique structural and electronic characteristics of polymer-CNT interfaces.

Here, they studied polyacrylonitrile (PAN)-CNT hybrid structures as a representative case of polymer-CNT composites. PAN is the most common polymer precursor, taking more than 90 percent of carbon fiber production.

Based on their DFT calculations, the team showed that the lying-down PAN configurations give a larger PAN-CNT binding energy than their standing-up counterparts. Moreover, maximizing the lying-down PAN configuration was shown to allow linear alignments of PANs on CNT, enabling the desirable ordered long-range PAN-PAN packing.

They also identified the CNT curvature as another significant factor, giving the largest PAN-CNT binding energy in the zero-curvature graphene limit. Conducting large-scale MD simulations, they then demonstrated that graphene nanoribbons are a promising  nano-reinforcement candidate by explicitly showing its strong propensity to induce linear alignments of PANs adsorbed on them.

Professor Kim said, “This research can be an exemplary case where the quantum mechanical simulations identify basic principles for developing advanced materials. Computer simulation studies will play a greater role thanks to the advances in the  theory and computer performance.”

More information: Juho Lee et al. Origin and Control of Polyacrylonitrile Alignments on Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene Nanoribbons, Advanced Functional Materials (2018). DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201706970

Chinese operator lets contract PSA unit

Chinese operator lets contract for PSA unit    Chinese operator lets contract PSA unit

Chinese operator lets contract PSA unitShanxi Jincheng Anthracite Mining Group Co. Ltd. subsidiary Hubei Sanning Chemical Industry Co. Ltd. has let a contract to Honeywell UOP LLC to provide licensing for its proprietary Polybed pressure-swing adsorption (PSA) technology to supply high-quality hydrogen at Hubei Sanning’s monoethylene glycol (MEG) plant near the Yangtze River at Zhijiang, in China’s Hubei Province.Chinese operator lets contract PSA unit

The PSA unit will generate 165,000 cu m/hr of hydrogen, which will be used to produce MEG manufactured from coal, Honeywell UOP said.Chinese operator lets contract PSA unit

The PSA technology—which features new Honeywell UOP adsorbents to recover hydrogen at very high levels and can generate hydrogen with purities as high as 99.9999%—will enable Hubei Sanning to meet new environmental regulations in the region.

The unit also comes as part of Hubei Sanning’s plant to modernize its production technology to high-pressure gasification as well as accommodate a new 600,000-tonne/year MEG plant scheduled for startup in 2019, the service provider said.

A value of the contract was not disclosed.Chinese operator lets contract PSA unit

Coal has become an increasingly attractive alternative to oil as a petrochemical feedstock in China, which has coal reserves of nearly 300 billion tonnes but still imports more than 8 million b/d of oil, about a tenth of which is converted into petrochemicals, Honeywell UOP said.Chinese operator lets contract PSA unit

Coal is gasified with water to produce synthesis gas, which is a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen.Chinese operator lets contract PSA unit

Each of these components are then purified and used in different stages to produce MEG.

Related Topics

-DSM launches innovative fermentation solution that improves ethanol production – DSM fermentation solution ethanol production

Pakistan PE/PP demand economic uncertainty

Pakistan PE/PP demand muted on political, economic uncertainty   Pakistan PE/PP demand economic uncertainty

Source:ICIS News

SINGAPORE (ICIS)–Polyolefin demand in Pakistan stayed muted for the week and is likely to remain so in August following an uncertain political and economic environment.

– Pakistan rupee falls 12% against the US dollar in two months

– Demand slows ahead of Hajj and Eid-ul Adha holidays

– Stocks in the country considered sufficient for now

The response to August-lifting polyethylene (PE) as well as polypropylene (PP) offers has remained lukewarm as buying interest was severely hampered by the recent weakness in the Pakistani rupee to the US dollar exchange rate.

Pakistan PE/PP demand economic uncertaintyPrior to a three percentage point recovery earlier this week, the Pakistani rupee fell more than 12 percentage points against the US dollar in the last two months.

Buyers grappled with losses on purchases undertaken in the last two months, payments for which were due in July.

“Customers have been hit by losses undertaken on LC (letter of credit) 90 day purchases, whose payments were due at a time when the rupee was significantly weaker to the US dollar,” a regional trader said.Pakistan PE/PP demand economic uncertainty

The high degree of volatility in the currency led most importers to assume a wait and see stance, despite generally lower PE and PP offers.Pakistan PE/PP demand economic uncertainty

Offers and acceptable selling levels for August-lifting linear low density PE (LLDPE) film lots from India as well as the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) emerged at $1,105-1,150/tonne CFR (cost & freight) Pakistan, down $20-30/tonne from the previous week.

The recent weakness across China and rest of Asia prompted sellers to drop prices for the grade, especially since supply remained ample.Pakistan PE/PP demand economic uncertainty

Separately, PP raffia/injection offers from the GCC have emerged at $1,250-1,260/tonne CFR Pakistan, down $40-60/tonne from early July, prompted by weaker Asian values and generally bearish sentiment.Pakistan PE/PP demand economic uncertainty

The upcoming Hajj and Eid ul-Adha holidays in late August have capped buying interest for August shipments, market sources said.Pakistan PE/PP demand economic uncertainty

“The Eid and Hajj holidays are likely to see lower production and trading activity, so resin demand will be lower this month,” an importer said.Pakistan PE/PP demand economic uncertainty

Market players waited for a clearer picture on the political situation, as they prepared for the newly elected Imran Khan to assume prime minister’s office later this month.

Apart from weakening rupee, depleting foreign exchange reserves amid overall economic uncertainty has also cast a shadow on general trade, market sources said.

Stocks in the domestic markets also deemed as sufficient for most PE and PP grades, especially since local purchasing had also slowed following the uncertain macroeconomic environment.Pakistan PE/PP demand economic uncertainty

On 27 July, ICIS assessed linear low density PE (LLDPE) film prices in the region at $1,135-1,170/tonne CFR Pakistan, down $5/tonne at the high end from the previous week.Pakistan PE/PP demand economic uncertainty

Spot PP raffia/injection prices were assessed in the same period at $1,250-1,280/tonne CFR Pakistan, down $20/tonne from the week before, ICIS data showed.

Pakistan PE/PP demand economic uncertainty(Inset: Pakistan’s Prime Minister-elect Imran Khan. Photographer: Xinhua News Agency/REX/Shutterstock)

By Veena Pathare
Related Topics

Eroding Plastics Revealed Source Greenhouse Gases

Eroding Plastics Revealed as Source of Greenhouse Gases     Eroding Plastics Revealed Source Greenhouse Gases

Eroding Plastics Revealed Source Greenhouse Gases

Sarah-Jeanne Royer holding microplastics at Kamilo Point on Big Island. Credit: SOEST IPRC. Sarah-Jeanne Royer holding microplastics at Kamilo Point on Big Island. Credit: SOEST IPRC. Sarah-Jeanne Royer holding microplastics at Kamilo Point on Big Island. Credit: SOEST IPRC.

Researchers tested common plastics used to make food storage, textiles, construction

materials and various plastic goods including polycarbonate, acrylic, polypropylene, polyethylene terephthalate, polystyrene, high-density polyethylene and low-density polyethylene (LDPE).

Polyethylene—used in shopping bags—is the most produced and discarded synthetic polymer and the world, and was found emit the highest amounts of both gases.

Researchers also found the rate of gases emitted from virgin pellets of LDPE increased during a 212-day experiment. Once initiated by solar radiation, the emission of these gases continued in the dark.Eroding Plastics Revealed Source Greenhouse Gases

“We attribute the increased emission of greenhouse gases with time from the virgin pellets to photo-degradation of the plastic, as well as the formation of a surface layer marked with fractures, micro-cracks and pits,” said lead author Sarah-Jeanne Royer, a postdoctoral scholar at the Center for Microbial Oceanography: Research and Education (C-MORE) at the time of this investigation.Eroding Plastics Revealed Source Greenhouse Gases

“With time, these defects increase the surface area available for further photochemical degradation and therefore contribute to an acceleration of the rate of gas production.”

Eroding Plastics Revealed Source Greenhouse Gases

Plastic pollution at Kamilo Point, Big Island. Photo credit: Sarah-Jeanne Royer.

Smaller particles, termed “microplastics,” form in the environment as plastics degrade and may be further accelerating gas production.

“Plastic represents a source of climate-relevant trace gases that is expected to increase as more plastic is produced and accumulated in the environment,” said David Karl, senior author on the study and SOEST professor with C-MORE. “This source is not yet budgeted for when assessing global methane and ethylene cycles, and may be significant.”Eroding Plastics Revealed Source Greenhouse Gases

Greenhouse gases directly influence climate change, affecting sea level, global temperatures, ecosystem health and storms, which increase flooding, drought and erosion.

“Considering the amounts of plastic washing ashore on our coastlines and the amount of plastic exposed to ambient conditions, our finding provides further evidence that we need to stop plastic production at the source, especially single use plastic,” said Royer.

Plastics have been mass produced for nearly 70 years, and production rates are expected to double over the next two decades.Eroding Plastics Revealed Source Greenhouse Gases

Royer is now working to develop estimates of the amount of plastic exposed to the environment worldwide in an effort to reduce their impact on climate change.

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-Microplastics  shedding from  polyester fabrics – Minuscule Fibres, Major Impacts        Microplastics  shedding polyester fabrics Minuscule Fibres

Negotiate China zero-duty CITI Confederation Indian Textile Industry

Negotiate with China for zero-duty: CITI tells Centre   Negotiate China zero-duty CITI Confederation Indian Textile Industry 

Negotiate China zero-duty CITI Confederation Indian Textile Industry
Courtesy: Lum3n.com from Pexels

To put a break on India’s widening trade deficit with China, the Confederation of Indian Textile Industry (CITI) has urged the Union government to push negotiations with its northern neighbour to give duty free access to Indian cotton textiles.

With zero-duty access, India can double its textile exports and also reduce its trade deficit with China.Negotiate China zero-duty CITI Confederation Indian Textile Industry In 2017-18, India’s bilateral trade with China was $89.6 billion, and trade deficit was $62.9 billion—much higher than $51.1 billion deficit in 2016-17. In terms of textile trade, India exported $1.362 billion worth of goods to China in 2017-18, while it imported items valued at $2.905 billion, resulting in trade deficit of $1.543 billion.

During 2010-11 to 2013-14, India was a net exporter of textile and apparel products to China. However, after that India’s trade deficit with China is constantly increasing, said CITI chairman Sanjay Jain. Negotiate China zero-duty CITI Confederation Indian Textile Industry 

“India was a market leader in cotton yarn but lost almost 50 per cent of its market to Vietnam over the last 3 years, creating excess capacity in the system. India’s cotton yarn exports to China has decreased by 53 per cent from 2013 to 2017 while Vietnam’s exports of cotton yarn to China has increased by approximately 88 per cent during the same period,” Jain said in a press release.Negotiate China zero-duty CITI Confederation Indian Textile Industry 

Another reason for India’s widening trade deficit is that its competing countries such as Vietnam, Indonesia, Pakistan and Cambodia enjoy duty free access to the Chinese market while Indian products carry 3.5 per cent, 10 per cent and 14 per cent duty on yarn, fabric and madeups, respectively.

Moreover, the profit margins in the cotton textiles industry are very thin, in single digit only.Negotiate China zero-duty CITI Confederation Indian Textile Industry 

“Therefore, the industry is very sensitive to even small changes. Hence, if level playing field is given to India like its competitors, it can double its exports plus help in reducing trade deficit with China,” Jain said. (RKS)Negotiate China zero-duty CITI Confederation Indian Textile Industry 

Source : Fibre2Fashion News Desk – India

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McDermott Chandra Asri Olefin Contracts

McDermott Wins Chandra Asri Olefin Contracts   McDermott Chandra Asri Olefin Contracts

 McDermott Chandra Asri Olefin Contracts

McDermott Wins Chandra Asri Olefin

US contractor McDermott International has been awarded two “sizeable” technology contracts by a subsidiary of Indonesia’s Chandra Asri Petrochemicals (CAP). McDermott classifies a sizeable contract as between $1 million and $50 million.  McDermott Chandra Asri Olefin Contracts

The contracts for Chandra Asri Perkasa relate to a proposed second petrochemicals complex that will be located adjacent to CAP’s existing facilities in Cilegon.

McDermott’s scope of work includes licensing and basic engineering packages for Lummus Technology’s olefins processes. McDermott Chandra Asri Olefin Contracts

The steam cracker is expected to produce 1.1 million t/y of ethylene and 600,000 t/y of propylene based on Lummus Technology’s proprietary highly selective Short Residence Time (SRT) VII cracking heaters, as well as around 175,000 t/y of BD using extraction technology from BASF/Lummus.  McDermott Chandra Asri Olefin Contracts

Daniel McCarthy, executive vice president of McDermott’s Lummus Technology business, said Lummus has had a strong relationship with CAP for more than 25 years. He commented: “We licensed several technologies for their first complex and look forward to working with them on the second complex, which will boost petrochemical production to help meet domestic demand in Indonesia.”  McDermott Chandra Asri Olefin Contracts

In separate news, McDermott won another “sizeable” contract last month from Samsung Engineering Saudi Arabia Co. for the engineering, procurement and construction of several ethylene oxide/ethylene glycol storage tanks for Jubail United Petrochemical (JUPC).

Under the terms of the fixed lump sum contract, McDermott, through its CB&I business, will fabricate 23 storage tanks and modify two existing tanks at JUPC’s site in Jubail, Saudi Arabia.  McDermott Chandra Asri Olefin Contracts

McDermott merged with CB&I in May, significantly broadening its service offering and geographic reach. McDermott Chandra Asri Olefin Contracts

Authors

Elaine Burridge, freelance journalist

Related Topics

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Circular economy starts product design

The circular economy starts with product design  Circular economy starts product design

George Brasher
Circular economy starts product design 
Shutterstock

Two and a third earths. That’s how many we’ll need by just 2050, according to experts. Six years ago, the world’s population passed 7 billion. And it’s accelerating, on pace to hit 9.4 billion by 2050.  Circular economy starts product design

As the population grows, more people will look to move up the economic ladder, especially in emerging economies. According to a paper by the Brookings Institution, about 3.2 billion people were in the global middle class at the end of last year. This number is expected to grow by about 160 million people per year on average between now and 2030.Circular economy starts product design

A bigger middle class means more business, more prosperity and more economic opportunity than ever before.Circular economy starts product design

But it also means more consumption. In the next 20 years, it’s predicted that energy use will rise 48 percent and greenhouse gas emissions will rise by 34 percent, while demand for water will be 40 percent higher than supply. Which is why, at our current rate of growth, we’ll need the equivalent of 2.3 earths by 2050 to support us all.

That’s not that far away — my sons will be around my age today in 2050. If I’m lucky enough to still be around, I’ll have to look my grandchildren in the eye when they ask why there isn’t enough water, space, energy or clean air to go around. And I’ll have to say: “Sorry kids, we knew it was heading this way, but we just couldn’t crack the business case for change… it just seemed too hard at the time.” Circular economy starts product design

Sounds flimsy, right? Well, perhaps there’s another model. A viable economic model contrary to the one of “make, use, dispose” that we’ve been hooked on since the industrial revolution.Circular economy starts product design

What if big businesses such as HP could shift their business model and operations towards a more efficient, circular and low-carbon economy? What if we reinvented the way products are designed, manufactured, used and recovered?

I recently hosted businesses leaders, policymakers and media alongside leading environmental think tank the Ellen MacArthur Foundation, at an event to debate the concept of a circular economy.Circular economy starts product design

There was a great deal of excitement in the room. Many businesses, including ours, recently have reasserted their commitment to the Paris Agreement on climate change. To help achieve its aims, we have an opportunity to decouple growth from a reliance on increasingly scarce raw materials, increasing efficiency and benefiting the environment.

It starts with product design: We have to build things not only to last, but to be easily repairable by the end user, even in the case of complex technology. We then need to look at the opportunity for “as a service” supply models.

I’ll give you an example of this in action. We collect the used cartridges which are recycled, together with other recovered plastics, to create new ones. Not only does this save the customer money, but it also reduces waste per printed page by 57 percent.

This circular economy approach is a triple win. Companies can save money by gaining more value from raw materials, they can expand into new markets through product and service innovation and they can improve their reputation by enhancing environmental performance. Customers, meanwhile, save time, and in many cases, money — they use what they need and what’s left over is repurposed for the next customer. Most important, the planet benefits as it’s far less energy and resource-intensive to recover and reuse than to start from scratch every time.Circular economy starts product design

The idea of ownership is being challenged — customers are becoming more interested in gathering experiences instead of “stuff.”  And a service model ensures that resources are repurposed when the goods reach the end of their useful life. So, maybe more companies could start running in circles. It’ll be good for business, good for customers and good for the environment. And your grandkids will thank you.Circular economy starts product design

This story first appeared on:
BusinessGreen
Related Topics

Microwave children food plastic containers dishwasher

Don’t microwave children’s food in plastic containers, avoid dishwasher: Doctors   Microwave children food plastic containers dishwasher 

  

Microwave children food plastic containers dishwasher

Pediatricians recently cited growing evidence against chemicals in food colorings, preservatives and food packaging materials. | stock.adobe.com

The American Academy of Pediatrics is calling for stronger federal food safety requirements, warning families to avoid microwaving and dishwashing plastic containers that contain harmful chemicals. Microwave children food plastic containers dishwasher  

In a report published online last week, pediatricians cited growing evidence against chemicals in food colorings, preservatives and food packaging materials.

“This report outlines not only safe and essential steps that the healthcare community can communicate to parents and families but also some steps that the FDA can take, and frankly manufacturers can take, to limit the exposures of greatest concern,” Leonardo Trasande, lead author on the policy statement and AAP Council on Environmental Health member, told USA TODAY. Microwave children food plastic containers dishwasher  

Something that’s particularly catching the attention of parents: Heating plastics (including bottles) in the microwave or running them through a dishwasher increases the chance of leaking dangerous chemicals, according to the AAP. Microwave children food plastic containers dishwasher  

Plastics with recycling codes 3 for phthalates, 6 for styrene, and 7 for bisphenols should be avoided, the report states. Glass containers or stainless steel packaging is recommended as best. Choosing whole foods over processed food also reduces risk of contamination, as well as washing hands and produce during food preparation.

Some of the more than 10,000 additives considered “generally recognized as safe” after they were grandfathered in during the 1950s as well as indirect additives such as glue, dyes and plastic in packaging have been linked to serious problems, Trasande said. Among them are:

— brain development
— obesity
— autism
— attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is reviewing the paper’s findings, press officer Megan McSeveney told USA TODAY. She also stressed that there is “reasonable scientific certainty” that additives “generally recognized as safe” are not harmful when used as directed.Microwave children food plastic containers dishwasher  

If new information indicates substances are unsafe, the FDA has the authority to change previous guidelines or require that use of a substance is reduced or prohibited.

The most concerning additives are: Bisphenols (such as BPA), phthalates, perfluoroalkyl chemicals, perchlorate, nitrates/nitrites and artificial food coloring.

“Even small disruptions at key moments during development can have lifelong consequences,” Transande said.Microwave children food plastic containers dishwasher  

Ashley May, USA TODAY

Related Topics

-Dangers of Food and Water In Plastic Containers  Dangers Food Water Plastic Containers plastic toxins

Kraft Heinz environmental commitments sustainable packaging

Kraft Heinz environmental commitments sustainable packaging

Kraft Heinz expands environmental commitments to include sustainable packaging  Kraft Heinz environmental commitments sustainable packaging

Company aims to make 100 percent of its packaging recyclable, reusable or compostable by 2025.Kraft Heinz environmental commitments sustainable packaging

Edited by Adam Redling

Municipal / IC&I Plastics

The Kraft Heinz Company, Chicago, announced July 31 that it is expanding its environmental stewardship strategy to include time-bound targets for achieving greater packaging sustainability.Kraft Heinz environmental commitments sustainable packaging

Specifically, Kraft Heinz announced it supports the move toward a circular economy and aims to make 100 percent of its packaging globally recyclable, reusable or compostable by 2025.Kraft Heinz environmental commitments sustainable packaging

This announcement, a complement to its “Growing a Better World” strategy released in last year’s Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Report, supports the company’s broader efforts to improve the sustainability of its supply chain.

“Our collective industry has a massive challenge ahead of us with respect to packaging recyclability, end-of-life recovery and single-use plastics,” Bernardo Hees, CEO at Kraft Heinz, says.Kraft Heinz environmental commitments sustainable packaging

“Even though we don’t yet have all the answers, we owe it to current and future generations […] to find better packaging solutions and actively progress efforts to improve recycling rates. That’s why Kraft Heinz is placing heightened focus on this important environmental issue.”Kraft Heinz environmental commitments sustainable packaging

Kraft Heinz will pursue technical alternatives while also collaborating externally to advance its commitment to deliver 100 percent recyclable, reusable or compostable packaging by 2025.Kraft Heinz environmental commitments sustainable packaging

The company will partner with packaging experts, organizations and coalitions to explore technical, end-of-life and infrastructure solutions, and is already collaborating with Environmental Packaging International (EPI) for consulting, tracking and other specialist services in the packaging space.Kraft Heinz environmental commitments sustainable packaging

The company also will work toward increasing the usage of recycled content in its packaging and decreasing the overall volume of packaging used.

The company has been working for years to optimize its high-volume packaging. For example, Kraft Heinz recently exceeded its commitment to reduce the weight of its global packaging by 50,000 metric tons.

Additionally, Kraft Heinz Europe is working to make the recyclable Heinz Tomato Ketchup PET plastic bottle fully circular by 2022 by using recycled material that can be converted back into food-grade packaging.Kraft Heinz environmental commitments sustainable packaging

Kraft Heinz will further outline its strategy and timeline for achieving this commitment in its next CSR Report, expected to be issued in 2019.

In addition, Kraft Heinz is doing its part to accelerate the transition to a low-carbon economy by joining the Science Based Targets Initiative and working to set science-based greenhouse gas emissions reduction goals in its supply chain. Adoption of these particularly aggressive targets is aimed at helping avoid a global temperature increase of more than 2 degrees Celsius.Kraft Heinz environmental commitments sustainable packaging

“We found that most of our emissions are coming from areas outside our direct operations,” Hees says. “To truly succeed as champions of sustainability, we will look at our full value chain and determine where we can make the greatest impact for our planet.”

The company plans to announce these new science-based goals when their current commitments expire in 2020.Kraft Heinz environmental commitments sustainable packaging

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Trinseo Price Increases Polystyrene Copolymers Europe

Trinseo Announces Price Increases for Polystyrene and Copolymers in Europe  Trinseo Price Increases Polystyrene Copolymers Europe

HORGEN, Switzerland

Trinseo Price Increases Polystyrene Copolymers Europe

Trinseo , a global materials company and manufacturer of plastics, latex binders and synthetic rubber, and its affiliate companies in Europe announced today price increases for all polystyrene (PS), ABS and SAN grades.

Effective August 1, 2018, or as existing contract terms allow, the contract and spot prices for the products listed below will increase as follows:

  • STYRON™ general purpose polystyrene grades (GPPS) by 30 Euro per metric ton
  • STYRON™ and STYRON A-Tech™ high impact polystyrene grades (HIPS) by 30 Euro per metric ton
  • MAGNUM™ ABS resins by 30 Euro per metric ton
  • TYRIL™ SAN resins by 30 Euro per metric ton

About Trinseo

Trinseo  is a global materials solutions provider and manufacturer of plastics, latex binders, and synthetic rubber.Trinseo Price Increases Polystyrene Copolymers Europe

We are focused on delivering innovative and sustainable solutions to help our customers create products that touch lives every day — products that are intrinsic to how we live our lives — across a wide range of end-markets, including automotive, appliances, consumer electronics, medical devices, electrical, building and construction, textile, paper and board, footwear and tires.Trinseo Price Increases Polystyrene Copolymers Europe

Trinseo had approximately $4.4 billion in net sales in 2017, with 16 manufacturing sites around the world, and approximately 2,200 employees. For more information visit www.trinseo.comTrinseo Price Increases Polystyrene Copolymers Europe

Note on Forward-Looking Statements

This press release may contain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as “expect,” “estimate,” “project,” “budget,” “forecast,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “plan,” “may,” “will,” “could,” “should,” “believes,” “predicts,” “potential,” “continue,” and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements.Trinseo Price Increases Polystyrene Copolymers Europe

Forward-looking statements in this press release may include, without limitation, forecasts of growth, revenues, business activity, acquisitions, financings and other matters that involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to differ materially from results expressed or implied by this press release.Trinseo Price Increases Polystyrene Copolymers Europe

As a result of the foregoing considerations, you are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this press release.Trinseo Price Increases Polystyrene Copolymers Europe

The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

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LignoValue Pilot Flanders bio-aromatics lignin/wood

LignoValue Pilot launched: Flanders first and only pilot line of bio-aromatics from lignin/wood    LignoValue Pilot Flanders bio-aromatics lignin/wood

4.3 Million project meets the needs of various companies that have expressed an interest in innovative molecules

LignoValue Pilot Flanders bio-aromatics lignin/wood

Recently, Biorizon co-initiator VITO and partners have launched the EFRO LignoValue Pilot project. By Q1 2021, this € 4.3 million project must result in a functioning pilot line in Flanders for the production of bio-aromatics from lignin/wood. The pilot meets the needs of various companies that have expressed an interest in innovative molecules and a willingness to carry out application testing.LignoValue Pilot Flanders bio-aromatics lignin/wood

“I’m quite convinced that this investment in the port of Antwerp, will eventually offer our companies the opportunity to develop new products, based on these new innovative molecules. Once again does Flanders reinforce its long standing partnership with the chemical sector.” (Minister Philippe Muyters – Flanders’ Minister of Work, Economy, Sports and Innovation) LignoValue Pilot Flanders bio-aromatics lignin/wood

Providing companies with significant amounts of bio-aromatics LignoValue Pilot Flanders bio-aromatics lignin/wood

The applicability of the majority of the investigated and developed technologies for the conversion of wood and lignin into biobased aromatics and the subsequent fractionation into useful fractions of lignin-based monomers, dimers and oligomers has already been proven at labscale. The demonstration of available conversion and fractionation technologies at relevant scale (TRL 5-6) is the next essential step.

The investment in and the design and construction of the LignoValue Pilot with a capacity of ± 200 kg/day will enable companies to take the necessary steps forward in their application development trajectory. LignoValue Pilot Flanders bio-aromatics lignin/wood

The aim is to design the envisioned pilot line as flexible as possible to demonstrate different depolymerization processes in order to produce the desired bio-aromatic fractions for company-targeted applications/product development. The pilot is designed to be mobile, ensuring that interested companies can host and experience the performance at their own site. LignoValue Pilot Flanders bio-aromatics lignin/wood

Setting up this pilot line contributes to the ultimate goal: building and operating a demo plant in Flanders for the conversion of wood/lignin to biobased functionalized aromatics.

Bridge the gap between development and implementation

In recent years, relatively much knowledge has been developed and progress has been made in the field of bio-aromatics. LignoValue Pilot Flanders bio-aromatics lignin/wood

VITO is involved in a large number of projects involving the conversion of lignin and wood to bio-aromatics, like Catalisti projects ‘MAIA’ and ‘ARBOREF’, the Interreg project ‘BIO-HArT’, and the BBI projects ‘SmartLi’ and ‘LigniOx’. LignoValue Pilot Flanders bio-aromatics lignin/wood

To prepare the LignoValue Pilot project , a recent Catalisti study – entitled ‘BioAromatics Feedstock and Technology Assessment (BAFTA) – is being executed in which VITO and KULeuven are performing a thorough landscape analysis of technologies available all over the world for the direct conversion of wood and the depolymerization of lignin into biobased aromatics and insights are gained in the most preferential depolymerization technologies based on a number of well-defined criteria (e.g. TRL level, level of sustainability, yield, etc.). LignoValue Pilot Flanders bio-aromatics lignin/wood

Jan Van Havenbergh, Managing director Catalisti, is very pleased with this new project: “Bringing innovations to higher Technology Readiness Levels is of the utmost importance for the Flemish chemical industry to bridge the gap between development and implementation to allow an economic valorisation in Flanders (and abroad).

The pilot line on bio-aromatics that VITO and its partners Jacobs Belgium and VMH will construct in the recently approved EFRO project will allow end users to obtain functionalised biomolecules with an aromatic structure for developing their new applications and products.” LignoValue Pilot Flanders bio-aromatics lignin/wood

About the European Regional Development Fund

The development of the pilot facility in the LignoValue Pilot project was approved by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). LignoValue Pilot Flanders bio-aromatics lignin/wood

The total budget of the project is € 4.3 Mio, with cofinancing from ERDF, the province of Antwerp and the Flemish Department of Economy, Science and Innovation. VITO will invest around two million euros. LignoValue Pilot Flanders bio-aromatics lignin/wood

The project is also actively supported by Catalisti, the Flemish spearhead cluster for chemistry and plastics, as it perfectly fits in its strategic research program on bioaromatics.LignoValue Pilot Flanders bio-aromatics lignin/wood

About Biorizon: Profitable and sustainable prospect for the chemical industry

The project is part of the Biorizon collaboration, in which VITO, the Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO) and the Energy Research Center of the Netherlands (ECN) are, are cooperating with partners to develop technologies for extracting aromatics from vegetable residuals.LignoValue Pilot Flanders bio-aromatics lignin/wood

This reduces dependence on petroleum and leads to reduced CO2 emissions. By using waste streams as a raw material, Biorizon is contributing to the transition to a circular economy and offering the chemical industry and the supplying industry a prospect that is both profitable and sustainable.LignoValue Pilot Flanders bio-aromatics lignin/wood

Call for participation: application testing, feedstock testing & building a demo plant
If you want to receive more information on the LignoValue Pilot project or if you want to elaborate on the opportunities of lignin valorization for your organization, please contact Dr. Kelly Servaes via kelly.servaes@vito.be or +32 (0)4 93 31 87 46.

Specifically, we are looking for:

  • companies that have an interest in innovative molecules and a willingness to carry out application testing;
  • feedstock providers that want to test their product in the pilot line;
  • companies that have an interest in building together a demo plant for the production of bio-aromatics from lignin in Flanders.

Source: Biorizon, press release

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Pertamina says refinery plan schedule Cilacap Central Java

Pertamina says refinery plan on schedule   Pertamina says refinery plan schedule Cilacap Central Java

Pertamina says refinery plan schedule Cilacap Central Java

Stefanno Reinard SulaimanThe Jakarta Post

Pertamina says refinery plan schedule Cilacap Central Java

A worker rides through a state-owned energy company PT Pertamina refinery in Indramayu, West Java. (Antara/Rivan Awal Lingga)

State-energy holding Pertamina is optimistic about its refinery plan, with investors expressing interest in doing business with the company.

A refinery in Cilacap, Central Java is awaiting spin-off approval from Saudi Aramco, a Saudi Arabian oil company, Pertamina refinery and petrochemical megaproject director Heru Setiawan said on Wednesday.Pertamina says refinery plan schedule Cilacap Central Java

“We are still talking with Saudi Aramco. The plan is on schedule. Meanwhile, we are in the process of acquiring land in Cilacap,” he said.Pertamina says refinery plan schedule Cilacap Central Java

Pertamina has to yet to decide on a partner for its refinery in Balikpapan, East Kalimantan.

Pertamina will maintain 51 percent ownership in its Balikpapan refinery project, Heru said, adding that Pertamina was also in talks with other investors, including those from Oman for a refinery in Bontang, East Kalimantan.Pertamina says refinery plan schedule Cilacap Central Java

Pertamina is upgrading its four existing refineries and building two new ones to double Indonesia’s refining capacity to 2 million barrels of oil per day (bopd) by 2025 from 1 million bopd.Pertamina says refinery plan schedule Cilacap Central Java

The four existing refineries are located in Cilacap; Balongan in West Java, Dumai in Riau; and Balikpapan in East Kalimantan. Meanwhile, the two new refineries are located in Tuban in East Java and Bontang.Pertamina says refinery plan schedule Cilacap Central Java

Heru said its refinery business was expected to gain additional supplies from Rokan Block, a lucrative oil block Pertamina was set to take over in 2021. (bbn)

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– Petron refinery expansion eyed for completion in 2022    Petron oil refinery expansion completion 2022

Compostable plastics environment biodegradable plastics

Why compostable plastics may be no better for the environment   Compostable plastics environment biodegradable plastics

Single-use biodegradable plastics include claims that they break down quickly into benign end products, but the reality is more complex. from www.shutterstock.com, CC BY-SA

As companies move to get rid of single-use plastic bags and bans on microbeads are coming into force, new biodegradable or compostable plastic products seem to offer an alternative. But they may be no better for the environment.

Recently, European scientists argued that existing international industry standards are insufficient and cannot realistically predict the biodegradability of compostable plastics. New Zealand’s Parliamentary Commissioner for the Environment (PCE), Simon Upton, weighed into the debate, questioning the merit of biodegradable plastics and urging the New Zealand government to deal with the confusion surrounding their labelling.

The key concerns include the terminology itself, the lack of appropriate recycling or composting infrastructure and toxicity of degradable plastics.

 

Confusion over terms

We know that plastics hang around in the environment for a very long time. Recent surveys show significant support among New Zealanders for initiatives to reduce single-use plastics.Compostable plastics environment biodegradable plastics

Newly marketed single-use plastics that claim to be biodegradable suggest that they will break down quickly into benign end products, but the reality is more complex. A degradable or compostable plastic item may indeed deteriorate slightly faster than a conventional product, but only if the conditions are right.

The current industry standards are not taking into account real-life conditions and are therefore underestimating the breakdown times. The standards are also not accounting for the damage to marine life that ingest breakdown particles before a product is completely degraded.Compostable plastics environment biodegradable plastics

The PCE highlights that biodegradation should not be confused with other natural processes, such as weathering. For a plastic polymer to biodegrade, it needs to be broken down through the action of living cells (mostly fungi and bacteria) into simple chemical elements.Compostable plastics environment biodegradable plastics

However, as the graphic below shows, the speed of biodegradation can vary greatly, depending on the original material and whether the plastic ends up in a commercial composting facility or a backyard compost heap or the ocean. Differences in materials, labelling and capabilities of composting facilities are making it difficult for the system to function properly.Compostable plastics environment biodegradable plastics

Compostable plastics environment biodegradable plastics
Parliamentary Commissioner for the Environment, CC BY-SA

Avoidance is best

Considering the New Zealand government’s intention to transition to a low-carbon economy and zero waste initiatives, the best answer to the problem is avoidance. Under the premise of convenience, we got used to a bag for everything, a plastic sleeve for a single slice of cheese or teabag, and a single-use plastic bottle for water. The production of all these containers contributes to carbon emissions as well as the later disposal.

In many cases, biodegradable plastic bags are made from crude oil, requiring carbon-based production processes and emitting carbon dioxide or methane when degrading. If we switch to no extra packaging, reusable containers made from metals or ceramics, and buy in bulk, then crude oil and gas can stay in the ground for a potential safe use by future generations.Compostable plastics environment biodegradable plastics

Failing this, a second best option are products made from renewable materials. Here and in general, we have to insist on meaningful labelling with a clear pathway to deposition or recycling.Compostable plastics environment biodegradable plastics

Toxic components

Many degradable plastics include additives, designed to make the product less durable. At the moment, the various additives and fillers are leading to contamination of waste streams. Expensive sorting or subsequent landfill might be the only alternative. Adequate recycling or re-manufacturing facilities would need to be created in New Zealand.

In his letter to Eugenie Sage, the associate minister for the environment, the PCE also refers to toxicity of plastics. More independent research is required in this area and the principle of caution should be applied in the meantime. In this day and age, there is no need to release a new material into general circulation, where the harmlessness is not investigated beyond doubt.Compostable plastics environment biodegradable plastics

In some cases, a material may be banned in Europe but still readily available in the United States and Australasia. One example is BPA (bisphenol-A), which was banned in parts of Europe and some US states, but Australia announced a voluntary phase-out in baby bottles.Compostable plastics environment biodegradable plastics

The banning of cosmetic products containing microbeads is another case in point. In the last few years, some countries, including the US, UK, France, Canada, Taiwan and Sweden, have proposed or implemented microbead bans. The US ban on microbeads in rinse-off cosmetics has been in place since July 2017, but while the Australian government endorsed a voluntary phase-out in 2016, there is no official ban. New Zealand implement its ban this June.Compostable plastics environment biodegradable plastics

The way forward

Consumer action and demand is a good start, with more and more of us changing our behaviour, leading by example, and asking industry to do likewise. A robust debate led by independent scientist should inform the public and authorities. Experiences like the ban of CFCs in the 1990s and New Zealand’s ban of microbeads are revealing to be ultimately successful. But they require regulatory intervention.

This can take the form of a ban of single-use plastics, which many countries have decided to exercise. Strengthening the standards framework is also required. At the moment, there is no overarching approach. Degradation in public waste facilities, in composting plants or in the sea is considered separately, as is toxicity.Compostable plastics environment biodegradable plastics

A material should be assessed fully in all relevant environments and then appropriately labelled. The New Zealand government should work with industry towards product stewardship, where the whole product life cycle is taken into account in the design phase. This will bring us closer to a circular economy, in which we reuse and recycle far more products.Compostable plastics environment biodegradable plastics

APK + MOL Group Strategic partnership plastics recycling

APK + MOL Group: Strategic partnership in plastics recycling   APK + MOL Group Strategic partnership plastics recycling

By L.Bronx
APK + MOL Group Strategic partnership plastics recyclingAPK AG and the Hungarian MOL Group yesterday signed a strategic cooperation agreement in Merseburg. As a first step, MOL intends to support the completion of the new APK plant in Merseburg in this cooperation.
The plant will serve as a pilot plant for APK’s innovative, solvent-based recycling process, the so-called “newcycling”, which will enable it to recover high-quality plastics from complex multi-layer composite packaging.APK + MOL Group Strategic partnership plastics recycling
Ferenc Horvath, MOL Group’s Executive Vice President for Downstream: “As part of the MOL 2030 strategy, we are taking steps to expand our petrochemicals business and engage in know-how-intensive industries with strategic partners.
We see increasing demand from our customers for recycled plastics and at the same time we are fully committed to the ideas of circular economy and sustainability.
We aim to become the market leader in recycling in Central and Eastern Europe, and with today’s agreement, we are taking a first important step on the way.
MOL, as an established polymer producer in Central and Eastern Europe, together with an innovative partner like APK, will work to further develop ‘newcycling’ technology and locate it in our home market, where the need and potential for recycling plastic waste is significant. “APK + MOL Group Strategic partnership plastics recycling
APK has developed an innovative recycling technology called “newcycling” that can be applied to a wide variety of plastics blends to selectively recover and process the plastics they contain into high-quality recyclates.APK + MOL Group Strategic partnership plastics recycling
The first “newcycling” plant with the APK core technology is currently being developed at the company’s headquarters in Merseburg (see also plasticker-News from 27.07.2018).
Klaus Wohnig, APK board spokesman: “In recent years, APK – funded by its financial investors MIG Fonds and AT Newtec – has significantly advanced its ‘newcycling’ technology and is now reaching market maturity, which we have achieved in joint projects with leading packaging companies , Consumer goods and plastic industry have demonstrated.APK + MOL Group Strategic partnership plastics recycling
We are proud to enter into a strategic partnership with MOL today, a highly respected company in the polymer industry, to complete our new plant in Merseburg and jointly develop the market in Central and Eastern Europe, which we regard as highly interesting because there is a strong trend away from landfill and incineration to recycling and a true circular economy.APK + MOL Group Strategic partnership plastics recycling
And with MOL’s strong roots in this region, we think that MOL is the perfect partner for becoming active in Central and Eastern Europe. “APK + MOL Group Strategic partnership plastics recycling
About the MOL Group

MOL Group is an integrated international oil and gas company with headquarters in Budapest, Hungary.APK + MOL Group Strategic partnership plastics recycling
The company employs 26,000 people in over 30 countries. MOL’s mining and production business is backed by more than 80 years of experience in the hydrocarbon industry and its broad portfolio includes oil and gas operations in 13 countries, including manufacturing operations in eight countries.APK + MOL Group Strategic partnership plastics recycling
MOL Group operates four refineries and two petrochemical factories, whose supply chains are integrated for Hungary, Slovakia and Croatia, and has a network of nearly 2,000 service stations in nine countries in Central and Eastern Europe. MOL Group is a supplier of polymer products such as PP, LDPE and HDPE, with annual sales in excess of one million tonnes.APK + MOL Group Strategic partnership plastics recycling
Further information: www.apk-ag.de, www.mol.hu
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Austrian Alpla Greek company Argo factory Romania

Austrian Alpla acquires Greek company Argo with a factory in Romania   Austrian Alpla Greek company Argo factory Romania

Razvan Zamfir 
Austrian Alpla Greek company Argo factory Romania

Plastic packaging producer Alpla acquired the Greek company Argo S.A., which owns a factory in Romania. 

Austrian Alpla Holding acquired the Egyptian production site of Argo S.A at the end of 2015 and now is planning to purchase all the shares in the Greek company.

The Austrian and Romanian competition authorities are currently examining the proposal.

The Greek factory in Romania (Berceni) is operated by Argo-Rom Plastics, which last year had about 43 employees with a turnover of RON 43.6 million and a net profit of RON 7.4 million.Austrian Alpla Greek company Argo factory Romania

Last year, Alpla bought the company Star East Pet in Braşov, specialized in PET preforms, and the Amraz thermoplastic polyester manufacturer near Bucharest.

Argo S.A., founded in 1970 and based in Athens, has branches in Greece (Koropi/Athens) and Romania (Berceni/Bucharest) and is specialised in production of packaging solutions for the pharmaceutical and personal care markets since its foundation.

Austrian Alpla Greek company Argo factory Romania

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-Michael Heyde joined the Aus­trian packa­ging pro­ducer ALPLA as head of recy­cling tech­no­logy   Recy­cling expert Michael Heyde ALPLA recy­cling tech­no­logy 

LYONDELLBASELL Catalyst German institute chemical recycling 

Catalyst partnership with German institute / Steps toward chemical recycling   LYONDELLBASELL Catalyst German institute chemical recycling    
LYONDELLBASELL

LYONDELLBASELL Catalyst German institute chemical recyclingTo accelerate advances in chemical recycling of plastics and thus pay more than lip service to the idea of a circular economy, LyondellBasell (Houston, Texas / USA; www.lyondellbasell.com) plans to cooperate with the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) in Karlsruhe / Germany.LYONDELLBASELL Catalyst German institute chemical recycling

The two sides will work together to develop a new catalyst and process technology to decompose post-consumer plastics waste, such as packaging, into monomers and return its chemical content to the polymerisation processes.

Recently, the olefins and polyolefins giant, which has its official headquarters at Rotterdam / The Netherlands and French waste management company Suez Environnement (Paris; www.suez-environnement.com) each took a 50 % stake in start-up Quality Circular Polymers (QCP, Urmond / The Netherlands; www.qcpolymers.com). This company is working to drive development of high-quality recycled polyolefins from the mechanical recycling of sorted post-consumer waste streams – see Plasteurope.com of 30.11.2017.LYONDELLBASELL Catalyst German institute chemical recycling

LyondellBasell’s collaboration with the German research centre will be a major step towards realising the potential of chemical recycling, said CEO Bob Patel.

Though the idea was briefly floated two decades ago, among its other flaws chemical recycling did seem economically sound enough in the light of existing oil and petrochemical prices.LYONDELLBASELL Catalyst German institute chemical recycling

In the background, however, the need for an efficient process remained. As LyondellBasell explained, the chemical side is complementary to mechanical recycling and is able to deal with multilayer and hybrid plastic materials, which cannot be easily recovered through mechanical recycling.LYONDELLBASELL Catalyst German institute chemical recycling

With molecular recycling, current process technologies to produce clean feedstock for polymer production can be improved, the US-managed group asserted.

Massimo Covezzi, senior vice president of R&D at LyondellBasell, said the goal of the cooperation is to develop a highly efficient and clean plastic depolymerisation process that through catalyst innovation can convert plastics waste back into its chemical building blocks.LYONDELLBASELL Catalyst German institute chemical recycling

Hans Leibold of KIT’s Institute for Technical Chemistry, said the research centre, which owns innovative technologies for the thermal conversion of complex organic feedstock, will be able to benefit from the chemical group’s know-how. By introducing LyondellBasell’s advanced catalysts into its own processes, the depolymerisation efficiency for polyolefin waste will be greatly improved, the German institute believes.

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Project drives recovery bumper plastics high-performance polymers

Project drives recovery of bumper plastics    Project drives recovery bumper plastics high-performance polymers

by Jared Paben

Project drives recovery bumper plastics high-performance polymersWhen a vehicle enters the end-of-life stream, its metals will probably be recovered. But the plastics are likely headed to landfill, despite the fact that many of them are high-value, high-performance polymers.

A project spearheaded by the Plastics Industry Association is intended to help change that.

The End-Of-Life Vehicle Recycling Project is working to recycle bumpers made out of thermoplastic polyolefins (TPO), modified polypropylenes with expensive rubber packages that give them special impact and durability qualities.

The effort has involved the use of a special de-coating technology and additives testing.

Project stakeholders spoke about the project during the Plastics Recycling Conference in February in Nashville, Tenn. Plastics Recycling Update published an in-depth article on the effort in the May print edition. The following is an abridged version of the article focusing on some of the technology aspects.Project drives recovery bumper plastics high-performance polymers

De-coating technology

A New York State auto salvage yard in fall 2016 shipped 4,500 pounds of bumper plastic to  Geo-Tech Polymers, a Waverly, Ohio-based reclaimer. Among the methodologies Geo-Tech employs is a patented process for removing coatings and inks on plastic items before they’re recycled.Project drives recovery bumper plastics high-performance polymers

The TPO bumpers Geo-Tech received as part of the project were split into batches undergoing paint removal before pelletization and those shredded and left with the paint intact. The coatings removal step occurs after material has been shredded and granulated but but before it’s been melted and pelletized.

The company already had experience recycling post-industrial TPO bumper scrap. Sanjay Dutta, CEO of the company, said the key step in the post-consumer bumper project was the preparation of material, including removal of metal clips, nylon and other contamination.Project drives recovery bumper plastics high-performance polymers

After pelletizing the TPO, Geo-Tech performed preliminary testing of the plastics and found it “had desirable physical properties, including high strength, low moisture and high resistance,” according to a project report released in February.

Geo-Tech also compared the result of the post-consumer TPO with that of post-industrial TPO it processes. The results were similar. For example, ash content for the post-consumer plastic was 20 percent, compared to 19 percent for post-industrial bumper plastic. With regard to the melt flow index, the post-consumer plastic measured 15 grams per 10 minutes, compared to 16 grams per 10 minutes with post-industrial plastic.

Experimenting with additives

The TPO was further analyzed by Midland Compounding and Consulting (MCC) of Midland, Mich. MCC compounded and tested a number of different TPO bumper streams, including pellet from Geo-Tech. MCC injection-molded the plastic and tested its physical, mechanical and rheological properties, comparing the results with BMW specifications. Based on the study, MCC saw good potential for the Geo-Tech sample, the project report states.

The company then compared the Geo-Tech sample with a different batch of post-consumer TPO bumper plastic provided by Ajax, Ontario reclaimer Post Plastics. The Post Plastics sample, which consisted of shredded plastic with the paint left intact, showed higher strength and impact resistance than the Geo-Tech batch.

“A primary contributing factor to the differences in mechanical properties could be due to the additional heat history of the pelletized Geo-Tech material,” according to the project report.Project drives recovery bumper plastics high-performance polymers

But the Post Plastics batch would be limited by its visual characteristics. MCC molded both samples into plaques. The plaque from Post Plastics’ shredded, painted plastic had an uneven surface appearance, limiting it to non-visible utility applications, the project report concludes.Project drives recovery bumper plastics high-performance polymers

The testing continues. Earlier this year, Spartanburg, S.C.-based Milliken and Co. began analyzing how three of its Deltamax modifier additives affected melt flow and izod impact ratings. Initial results showed clear shifts in the plastic’s properties.

Identifying end uses

Based on his research, Geo-Tech’s Dutta said he sees potential uses for the recycled TPO in a number of industries: consumer products, transportation, construction, decorative products and seasonal items.Project drives recovery bumper plastics high-performance polymers

Project drives recovery bumper plastics high-performance polymers

Sanjay Dutta, CEO of Geo-Tech Polymers, discusses the realities of processing automotive bumper plastic during a session at Plastics Recycling 2018, held earlier this year in Nashville, Tenn.

The post-consumer, paint-stripped TPO pellet had good enough qualities to go into at least one auto application: a secondary mud flap for a small-volume vehicle. But when Geo-Tech pellets were shipped to Toyota Motor North America’s R&D center in Ann Arbor, Mich. to be molded and tested, they failed to meet company TPO parts specifications, specifically in a couple of measures of strength. But according to the project report, Toyota team members still saw potential for its use in non-automotive applications.

Meanwhile, West Des Moines, Iowa-based molding company i2Tech created pallets from the paint-removed pellets and the shredded plastic with paint. “Both TPO samples processed much better than the material currently being used for this customer,” the project report states. But the shredded TPO was less consistent and presented processing challenges, including smoking and liquid oozing.

Kim Holmes, vice president of sustainability at the Plastics Industry Association, said the recycled TPO is also being considered for large-volume uses ATVs and UTVs (utility task vehicles). A manufacturer is currently looking at a potential direct drop-in replacement for virgin plastic.Project drives recovery bumper plastics high-performance polymers

“We could be talking about a million pounds a month of demand,” she said. “None of this would be made possible if we didn’t have the physical data and the pellets ready to go and put in their hands. So we are accelerating their evaluation of the material and the opportunities.”Project drives recovery bumper plastics high-performance polymers

The quarterly print edition of Plastics Recycling Update magazine is the premier trade journal for plastics recycling experts. It offers updates on the latest equipment and technology, details trends in the recovered resin marketplace, highlights the work of innovative reclaimers, and covers all the other critical industry news.

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-UK businesses offered £4m for innovative plastic recycling projects…UK businesses £4m innovative plastic recycling projects 

3D drawing disrupts shoe production efficiency

3D drawing disrupts shoe production with more efficiency    3D drawing disrupts shoe production efficiency

Reebok and BASF collaborate on latest innovation that is changing footwear creation.

3D drawing disrupts shoe production efficiency
The Liquid Speed shoe is made with 3D drawing that supersedes the need for molds. (Photos courtesy of Reebok)3D drawing disrupts shoe production efficiency

BY ANNA SPIEWAK

As more manufacturers bring production back to the U.S., in an effort to cut costs and move closer to their customers, Reebok and BASF are following suit with their latest shoe partnership.3D drawing disrupts shoe production efficiency

The global athletic footwear company and the leading chemical company have teamed up on Reebok’s latest innovation—the Liquid Factory, which could change the process and speed of footwear creation.3D drawing disrupts shoe production efficiency

Developed by the Reebok Future team, the Liquid Factory uses modern software and robotics to draw shoes in three dimensions.3D drawing disrupts shoe production efficiency

This new technique utilizes 3D drawing, where proprietary liquid material—created especially for Reebok by BASF—is used to draw shoe componentry cleanly and in 3D layers (see video below).3D drawing disrupts shoe production efficiency

What makes this layering technique unique is that it doesn’t have to use traditional molds, which are expensive, time-consuming and heavily dependent on labor. Due to the current mold-driven process, almost all athletic footwear is made in Asian factories. With this new liquid process, a machine can draw the components of a Reebok shoe anywhere, including Rhode Island where the Liquid Factory is located. 3D drawing disrupts shoe production efficiency

“We knew what we wanted and BASF quickly figured out the best path to get there.”
—Bill McInnis, Head of Future at Reebok

3D drawing disrupts shoe production efficiency

“The point of automation is to shorten the production cost and enable that automation. So instead of a person sitting there and putting a sole on, they were able to dispense it in 3D on the part itself— that saved a lot of time,” said Chau Nguyen, Market Segment Manager for Footwear, PM North America, BASF, who’s worked closely on this product.

Reebok, which collaborated with BASF earlier on another innovation—a first by the chemical company—TPU tubes inside the Harmony Road shoe, approached the German chemical giant about a need for a polyurethane (PU) system with unique properties that could not be found in the market. BASF, being a technology leader in the world of PU chemistry was quick to help.3D drawing disrupts shoe production efficiency

The chemical company developed a urethane-based liquid to help eliminate molds. That liquid is then drawn on the entire shoe as the outsole, resulting in a three-dimensional fit. This creates the Reebok Liquid Speed shoe, the first concept to come out of this process.

“We provide the material to Reebok that has the required rheology and reactivity to produce a part with no molds,” said Nguyen.3D drawing disrupts shoe production efficiency

“Look at it as if drawing with ketchup. When you draw with this material, it’s already curing, it’s already started to solidify.”3D drawing disrupts shoe production efficiency

“We were certainly aware of BASF’s stellar reputation for creating chemistry solutions in general, but what really appealed to us was the way the team attacked creating the appropriate chemistry for a brand-new application in our industry,” Bill McInnis, Head of Future at Reebok, told BASF in an interview. “We knew what we wanted and BASF quickly figured out the best path to get there.”

And in addition to efficiency, this shoe also provides better comfort.

“In this case the outsole has wings on it and it wraps around to the sides of the shoe. You have tension at the top of your foot, and usually all of the materials are combined together,” Nguyen added.3D drawing disrupts shoe production efficiency

“Well, in this case you have material attached to the sides, the medial and the lateral parts of your foot, so you get a more custom fit.”3D drawing disrupts shoe production efficiency

Liquid Speed is an energy-return focused running shoe that brings the outsole and lacing together in one piece for a comprehensive feel and sensory feedback for the entire foot, per Reebok. The shoe was released with a limited edition of 300 pairs in November 2016 that were sold out online within hours for $189.50 each.

McInnis said only 300 pairs were initially made because Reebok was borrowing lab time for the first batch. Now that the company had its own Liquid Factory built in Rhode Island, there will be more in the pipeline.3D drawing disrupts shoe production efficiency

According to Nguyen, this is the first ever high-rebound outsole, since up until this point a lot of outsole materials have been made of rubber.3D drawing disrupts shoe production efficiency

“When you’re running, a certain amount of energy is going to the ground. So, when you hit the ground, in this case, it absorbs the energy and then it returns it, that’s why it’s called high rebound,” he added.

In addition to footwear disruption, it looks like the two innovation giants are on the right track in terms of production as well. Active reshoring is on the upward trajectory. Per a BCG survey of 263 U.S. manufacturing executives last year, 17 percent of manufacturers are moving operations back to the U.S., up from 13 percent in 2013. Additionally, U.S. has surpassed China as the most likely destination for new factory capacity for goods sold in the U.S.3D drawing disrupts shoe production efficiency

And the future of footwear innovation certainly looks bright for BASF. Reebok is working on further platforms this year, and BASF is supplying the material for them again.

“The various chemistries provided by BASF—we have separate chemistries for cushioning, durability and support— are central to these creations,” McInnis added.

3D drawing disrupts shoe production efficiency

For media inquiries or to repurpose any of our articles or photos, please contact: anna.spiewak@basf.com, 973-245-7579, or laura.partynski@basf.com.

Related Topics

-EU Commission to investigate BASF acquisition of Solvay’s nylon business – EU Commission BASF acquisition Solvay nylon business

Ascend Performance Materials European footprint BTP acquisition

Ascend Performance Materials gains European footprint with BTP acquisition   Ascend Performance Materials European footprint BTP acquisition

by: Norbert Sparrow

Ascend Performance Materials European footprint BTP acquisitionAscend Performance Materials (Houston, TX), which describes itself as the largest fully integrated producer of nylon 6,6 resin, announced today the purchase of Britannia Techno Polymer (BTP), an engineering plastics compounder based in Tilburg, Netherlands.

This is a big step for us, President and CEO Phil McDivitt told PlasticsToday during a phone interview. “It’s our first production facility outside of North America. As our European business has grown, it became necessary to have a manufacturing footprint in Europe,” said McDivitt.Ascend Performance Materials European footprint BTP acquisition

Ascend Performance Materials operates six production facilities in the United States and maintains an office in Shanghai.Ascend Performance Materials European footprint BTP acquisition

Like many manufacturers, your shop floor operations may be challenged with inefficient processes, unpredictable downtime, and difficulties with machinery maintenance. A manufacturing execution system (MES) can help make the most of your shop floor’s capabilities, with tools that can identify under-performing and high-performance machines, and then optimize asset utilization accordingly.

Founded in 2006, BTP specializes in nylon 6, 66 and 66/6 copolymer, ABS, PC, and PP compounds. Prior to the acquisition, Ascend had a long, fruitful relationship with Ascend, said McDivitt.Ascend Performance Materials European footprint BTP acquisition

“Even before Ascend, when it was Solutia, we had a great relationship with BTP founder and CEO Andy Leigh. The company has been our primary source for manufacturing in Europe since 2006,” said McDivitt.Ascend Performance Materials European footprint BTP acquisition

 

Phil McDivitt and Andrew Leigh, Ascend Performance Materials

Phil McDivitt, CEO (left), and Andrew Leigh, Director of Compounding Technology at Ascend Performance Materials.Solutia Inc. was spun off Monsanto’s Chemicals Division, which included the production of nylon 6,6 in its portfolio, in 1997. Private investment firm SK Capital Partners purchased Solutia’s Integrated Nylon business in 2009 and established Ascend Performance Materials.

BTP’s employees will transition immediately to Ascend, and Leigh will join Ascend’s global management team as Director of Compounding Technology.

During the call, Scott Rook, Senior Vice President, Nylon, provided an update on the force majeure on nylon 6,6 polymers the company declared following a fire at its Pensacola, FL, plant. Production came back on line July 27, said Rook. Deliveries slowed down, he added, but Ascend is quickly ramping back up.Ascend Performance Materials European footprint BTP acquisition

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Sidel Present Packaging Line Innovations Pack Expo

 Sidel to Present Packaging Line Innovations at Pack Expo    Sidel Present Packaging Line Innovations Pack Expo

RadiciGroup Comfort Fibres Business Area Product Portfolio

RadiciGroup Comfort Fibres Business Area Announces An Enlargement Of Its Product Portfolio   RadiciGroup Comfort Fibres Business Area Product Portfolio

RadiciGroup Comfort Fibres Business Area Product Portfolio

BERGAMO,Italy  — We are committed to continuously enlarge our products portfolio and capacities for the benefit and support of our valued business partners.

Due to the growing of our global businesses and the aim to provide the most efficient and cost-effective services possible, RadiciGroup Comfort Fibres Business Area is delighted to announce a Yarn Twisting capacity expansion in its manufacturing facility at SC Yarnea srl Savinesti (Romania).RadiciGroup Comfort Fibres Business Area Product Portfolio

This expansion addresses the increasing demand for high-value yarns and for tailor made solutions where innovation, consistent quality, and quick responses are essential to compete in the global business arena.RadiciGroup Comfort Fibres Business Area Product Portfolio

Full capacity from the end of July 2018.RadiciGroup Comfort Fibres Business Area Product Portfolio

These are the main features of the new manufacturing facility:

  • Process: filament yarn twisting
  • Spindles: more than 4,000
  • Count range: up to 600 dtex
  • Twist range: 50 – 2500 tpm
  • Yarn: flat, textured, mass and spool dyed
  • Package: tubes, cones, hanks
  • Polymers: Polyamide, Polyester, PBT, PLA, mixed Polymers

Innovation, Efficiency, Quality and Sustainability: the main pillars for RadiciGroup Comfort Fibres to strive towards the realization of innovative value-chain.

The Business Area is active in the production sector of polymers and staple fibres in PA6, polyamide 6, 6.6 and Bio yarn; as well as virgin and recycled polyester yarn, used mainly in the clothing, furniture and car interior markets.

Source: RadiciGroup  RadiciGroup Comfort Fibres Business Area Product Portfolio

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PET startup lands supply deal Oréal

PET startup lands supply deal with L’Oréal   PET startup lands supply deal Oréal

by Jared Paben PET startup lands supply deal Oréal

PET startup lands supply deal OréalDepolymerization company Loop Industries has signed a letter of intent to supply recycled PET to beauty products giant L’Oréal.

Quebec-headquartered Loop stated in a press release it intends to complete the agreement to supply Loop branded PET resin in the U.S. and European Union before the end of this year.

Loop uses a pressureless, heatless depolymerization process to break down PET into its components, which are then use to make new PET.PET startup lands supply deal Oréal

The approach can be used on streams that are difficult to mechanically recycle because of multi-material composition, additives and contamination. In June, the company unveiled a more efficient, second-generation recycling process.PET startup lands supply deal Oréal

L’Oréal had total 2017 sales of more than 26 billion euros (about $30.4 billion). Headquartered in France, it employs nearly 83,000 employees around the world.

“As the leader in the beauty industry, we believe we have a responsibility to bring innovative and sustainable solutions to the consumer,” Philippe Thuvien, global head of Packaging and Development of L’Oréal Group, stated in the release.

“That is why we seek to partner with innovative companies and leverage technologies, such as Loop, that will trigger an acceleration in the transition to a circular economy.

And Loop PET is able to meet the rigorous packaging standards of L’Oréal.”

Loop recently found other success in France as well. Earlier this year, it announced a supply deal with French food and beverage giant Danone.PET startup lands supply deal Oréal

Photo credit: TY Lim/Shutterstock

To receive the latest news and analysis about plastics recycling technologies, sign up now for our free monthly Plastics Recycling Update: Technology Edition e-newsletter.

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USA August benzene contract settles 288 cents/gal

US August benzene contract settles at 288 cents/gal, up 4 cents   USA August benzene contract settles 288 cents/gal

Author  Kevin Allen  USA August benzene contract settles 288 cents/gal

Editor  Richard Rubin  USA August benzene contract settles 288 cents/gal

USA August benzene contract settles 288 cents/gal

Houston — US August benzene contract prices were heard settled this week at 288 cents/gal, marking a 4-cent increase from July’s settlement of 284 cents/gal, sources said Tuesday.

Prompt spot benzene rose as the month ended, closing Monday at 295 cents/gal DDP USG. The spot price averaged 286.66 cents/gal in July, according to S&P Global Platts data.

The higher prices were welcomed by some in the market after pricing was stagnant in the mid-280s cents/gal range for the latter half of June and much of July. Prices rose late last week and trades were last seen at 294 cents and 295 cents/gal DDP USG for August and at 296 cents/gal for September.USA August benzene contract settles 288 cents/gal

Sources said support from downstream styrene was limited, but benzene prices saw support from steady increases in crude pricing. September WTI crude futures breached the $70/b mark Monday, closing at $70.13/b.USA August benzene contract settles 288 cents/gal

–Kevin Allen, kevin.allen@spglobal.com

–Edited by Richard Rubin, richard.rubin@spglobal.com

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Renaissance simpler packaging environmentally-friendly circular economy

A renaissance for simpler packaging   Renaissance simpler packaging environmentally-friendly circular economy

In the quest for an environmentally-friendly circular economy, what goes around   comes around

Wrag Wrap sells reusable, fabric gift wrap for presents, made from recycled plastic bottles. The company was started eight years ago, but only recently has demand quadrupled. “Call it the Blue Planet effect,” explains Nicky Rajska, co-founder of the company. “The mass market is now informed about the issue of single-use plastic and the environment; there’s been a turning point.”Renaissance simpler packaging environmentally-friendly circular economy

At the same time, consumer-led innovation and backing is on the rise. Recently, Recycling Technologies raised £3.7 million in just two weeks, partly by crowdfunding, for the use of novel technology that will chemically recycle plastic packaging in the UK.

“Crowdfunding has completely changed the way environmentally friendly products are founded. The creator doesn’t have to a big company these days, it can be anyone with a good idea,” says Anna Glansén, a designer from Tomorrow Machine, a Stockholm-based studio specialising in novel packaging.Renaissance simpler packaging environmentally-friendly circular economy

Take Final Straw; in the United States it plans to replace single-use plastic straws with a novel metal one. The company asked for $12,500 on Kickstarter and in the end crowdfunded $1.8 million.Renaissance simpler packaging environmentally-friendly circular economy

“A lot of startups are now working to develop sustainable packaging solutions that challenge traditional industries,” says Caroline Bettan, co-founder of Newcy, a French company developing a reusable cup for office coffee machines. “Consumers can make companies accountable for the products they use and that’s a great way to lessen their environmental impact.”Renaissance simpler packaging environmentally-friendly circular economy

Packaging sector is under pressure to act quickly 

China’s ban on imports of packaging waste earlier this year is also shaking up industry and recycling at local authorities, while a proposed deposit return scheme for plastic bottles from the UK government shows a willingness to legislate. With 700,000 bottles littered every day in the UK, according to the Environmental Audit Committee, there are strong grounds for action.Renaissance simpler packaging environmentally-friendly circular economy

Then there’s the UK Plastic Pledge, which saw 42 companies sign up to a pact in April. This aims to cut plastic and eliminate unnecessary single-use packaging by 2025.

“The sector is now under immense pressure to take action fast, with retailers and manufacturers being forced to plan for plastic-free aisles, packaging take-back and much stricter end-of-life rules on products and packaging,” says David Honcoop, managing director of Clarity Environmental, a green compliance company.

The role of packaging is also changing in our lives with more home deliveries. Brand communication is increasingly done through webpages rather than packaged goods on supermarket shelves. Think Amazon’s Brown-Box.

“Customers are now choosing brands based on their philosophy than by their actual packaging. One of the significant principles brands should have is their own established code of ethics, this includes packaging design,” says Kosuke Araki, a Japanese designer who uses agar for packaging and producing tableware out of food waste.

Back to the future: frugality is in, excess packaging is out

Some are hailing this as a “back to the future” age of paper bags and recyclable glass bottles, reversing the switch to plastic packaging which was introduced for greater production efficiency, lower cost and less weight in distribution.

“Glass packaging was precisely the system that was abandoned in the 1970s because it was wasteful, outmoded and tied retailers and pubs into the distribution systems of dominant manufacturers,” explains Nick Cooper, executive director at Landor Associates.

Frugality when it comes to packaging is in. ‘The bigger the box, the better the toy’ is out, with consumer sentiment shifting. “It’s now the bigger the box, the fuller the bin,” says Pippa Moyle, founder of social media platform City Girl Network. “Brands need to start shifting their processes towards this new psychology.”

Some are hailing this as a ‘back to the future’ age of paper bags and recyclable glass bottles, reversing the switch to plastic packaging

Ms Moyle started a campaign called Trash Talk, with the support of Clarity Environmental, to identify consumer opinion on packaging waste, across its network in ten cities. “Environmental activism is becoming cool. The more that people are educated, the more questions they’re asking. The biggest challenge is the lack of communication between consumers and brands,” she says.Renaissance simpler packaging environmentally-friendly circular economy

This has come at a time when there’s been an explosion in sustainable packaging solutions, bioplastics, new and innovative materials that are biodegradable, as well as recyclable products, all entering the market in a bid to satisfy evolving consumer demand.

“Yes, these are exciting times, but it’s all being done in a rush. Of course, we need new investment, but all these innovations are being created in isolation. We need an ecosystem approach,” says Benjamin Punchard, global packaging insights director at Mintel. “If new innovative packaging has a label saying check local recycling, that means nothing at all to most people.”Renaissance simpler packaging environmentally-friendly circular economy

Green packaging must be approached with due care

Convenience is still king. If the consumer needs to work harder with their recycling, it’s an issue. Already there is a lack of coherency across local authorities. Much bioplastic packaging is not biodegradable and does not reduce waste.

“This is very difficult for consumers to understand. I have seen many products marketed as environmentally friendly without any scientific justification. This creates a new challenge. How can we clarify for consumers what is a truly sustainable choice?” says Suvi Haimi, co-founder of Sulapac, a Finnish company that produces innovative wood-based packaging. “We hope the authorities, especially the EU, will clarify for consumers what these choices are.”Renaissance simpler packaging environmentally-friendly circular economy

The law of unintended consequences also looms large, if left solely to consumer-driven demand. Less packaging can mean more food waste and more carbon emissions in some cases. If packaging has no value, other than for compost, there’s a risk that consumers might care less about recycling. Bio-based packaging also takes up land to grow.

“With so much pressure to make changes, and as businesses join the race to ‘green’ their packaging, there is the risk of ill-informed decisions being taken. The industry must be encouraged to work together,” Clarity Environmental’s Mr Honcoop concludes.

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Arkema unaffected trade war tensions

Arkema unaffected by trade war tensions, upgrades 2018 outlook  Arkema unaffected trade war tensions

Source:ICIS News

LONDON (ICIS)–Arkema is paying close attention to trade tensions between the US, China and the EU, but has experienced no impact so far from the spectre of trade wars between the world’s major economies, the CEO of the France-based specialty chemicals firm said on Wednesday.

Arkema unaffected trade war tensions The fast-changing lists of products potentially facing sanctions between the US and China, and between the US and EU, means that the company is monitoring the situation, but capacity to manage production by region and limited exposure to products on the sanctions lists means little impact has been felt so far.Arkema unaffected trade war tensions 

“For the moment there is no impact for us, because just a few polymers are concerned for the moment and we are able to manage production per region,” a company spokesperson added.Arkema unaffected trade war tensions 

However, strong expected 2018 results are contingent on political and economic conditions remaining relatively steady, the company said.Arkema unaffected trade war tensions 

Arkema’s second-quarter earnings reached an all-time high despite higher raw materials prices and currency headwinds, and expects its full-year performance to beat banner 2017 financials.

Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA) rose 12.6% year on year for the quarter to €430m, its highest level for a single quarter, despite currency and raw materials headwinds dogging each of the group’s three divisions.

Group net income rose by 36.9% to €219m over the same period amid higher operating margins, while sales rose by 3.3% year on year to €2.27bn driven by successful price increases, the company said.Arkema unaffected trade war tensions 

Tight conditions in the methyl- and polymethyl methacrylate (MMA/PMMA) chain helped to drive industrial specialties earnings and margin growth, a key driver of stronger group performance during the quarter.

Second-quarter EBITDA for the division rose 18.2% year on year to €208m, buoyed by strong thiochemicals demand and an uptick in hydrogren peroxide sales in China, while recurrding EBITDA margin rose nearly five percentage points to 23%.

PMMA margins are likely to gradually normalise over time, according to CEO Thierry Le Henaff on an earnings call on Wednesday, with additional capacity coming onstream in the mid-term likely to reduce market tightness, but pricing in the market is likely to remain strong for the present.Arkema unaffected trade war tensions 

The acrylics market is currently at the mid-point of its cycle, although demand in western Europe could be better, he added.Arkema unaffected trade war tensions 

High performance materials division EBITDA rose 1.7% year on year during the quarter to €177m, its highest ever, driven by the integration of US coatings firm XL Brands into its adhesives division.Arkema unaffected trade war tensions 

Coatings division earnings rose 6.3% year on year during the quarter to €68m despite an increase in feedstock propylene pricing and currency headwinds, as a robust US performance helped to offset disappointing demand in China.

Its recurring operating income margin rose to 14.0% in the second quarter of this year from 13.0% in the same period of 2017.Arkema unaffected trade war tensions 

The company projects mid-single digit EBITDA growth compared to the €1.39bn generated last year.Arkema unaffected trade war tensions 

This is contingent on no significant changes to the global macroeconomic environment, the company said.Arkema unaffected trade war tensions 

(Update: Re-leads, adds geopolitical commentary)

Pictured: Arkema’s headquarters in Colombes, France
Source: Arkema

By Tom Brown
Related Topics

Maire Tecnimont Socar new polypropylene plant Azerbaijan 

Maire Tecnimont opens with Socar the new polypropylene plant in Azerbaijan at the presence of Presidents Mattarella and Aliyev   Maire Tecnimont Socar new polypropylene plant Azerbaijan 

Sumgayit, Azerbaijan– Fabrizio Di AmatoMaire Tecnimont Chairman and majority shareholder, and Pierroberto FolgieroMaire TecnimontGroup CEO, proudly welcomed President of Italian Republic Sergio Mattarella, and President of the Republic of Azerbaijan,Ilham Aliyev, in the occasion of the official opening of the new polypropylene plant inside the petrochemical complex of Sumgayit, 30 km north of Baku, in Azerbaijan.Maire Tecnimont Socar new polypropylene plant Azerbaijan 

Maire Tecnimont Socar new polypropylene plant Azerbaijan

Sergio Mattarella, during his visit, commented: “Coming here together with President Aliyev is a sound evidence of the collaboration between Italy and Azerbaijan. This morning ceremony is really meaningful.Maire Tecnimont Socar new polypropylene plant Azerbaijan 

I must congratulate Socar and Maire Tecnimont for their great commitment in terms of growth and employment, which is evident here, thanks to the cooperation among Azeri and Italian companies.”Maire Tecnimont Socar new polypropylene plant Azerbaijan 

Fabrizio Di Amato, Maire Tecnimont Chairman and majority shareholder, added: “It is indeed a great honor to see President Mattarella e President Aliyev opening together our plant.Maire Tecnimont Socar new polypropylene plant Azerbaijan 

This project enables Azerbaijan to produce technological polymers – while paying a great attention to environmental impact – in order to diversify Azeri economy as well as attracting foreign investments in high-tech sectors.

The project was carried out on a fast track basis, in line with the most severe safety standards, which led to 17 million man-hours without a significant incident. It was also a great occasion to develop a strong industrial collaboration among Italian and Azeri companies”.Maire Tecnimont Socar new polypropylene plant Azerbaijan 

Maire Tecnimont Group – through its subsidiary Tecnimont e KT-Kinetics Technology – has developed two projects for the client SOCAR POLYMER in Sumgayit, subsidiary of SOCAR, the Azeri national oil company.Maire Tecnimont Socar new polypropylene plant Azerbaijan 

The polypropylene plant which was inaugurated today has a capacity of 180,000 tons per year, while the other project, currently under completion, is a high density polyethylene plant with 120,000 tons per year capacity.Maire Tecnimont Socar new polypropylene plant Azerbaijan 

The overall value of the two projects is approximately USD 500 million. The scope of work entailed engineering, procurement and construction activities up to start up.

The industrial complex will enable Azerbaijan to develop the petrochemical value chain and produce semi-finished plastic products for the first time on a large scale, boosting the national manufacturing industry and the Azeri economy as a whole.

During the realization of the two projects, Maire Tecnimont involved a very large number Italian and Azeri companies playing a pivotal role for the entire value chain. More than 120 Italian and 140 Azeri companies were involved in the projects, while approximately 3,000 resources were mobilized at peak, the majority being Azeri professionals.

The ceremony is part of the official State visit of President of Italian Republic in Azerbaijan. The event was also attended by major institutional representatives, among which the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Enzo Moavero Milanesi, the Italian Undersecretary of Ministry for Economic Development Michele Geraci, ICE and Confindustria top officials and several Azeri and Italian companies’ representatives.

Maire Tecnimont Group keeps on expanding its footprint in Azerbaijan and the Caspian Area thank to its technology-drivenexpertise.Maire Tecnimont Socar new polypropylene plant Azerbaijan 

Along with the two polymers plants in Sumgayit, in fact, Maire Tecnimont is involved in the revamping of the Heydar Aliyev Oil Refinery in Baku for the client SOCAR, enabling the production of high-quality fuels in line with the most stringent international environmental standards.Maire Tecnimont Socar new polypropylene plant Azerbaijan 

Maire Tecnimont Group is also very committed to partnering up with    the academic community.Maire Tecnimont Socar new polypropylene plant Azerbaijan 

In cooperation with the Baku Higher Oil School, the Group has implemented a development program in order to offer to the best students professional trainings and mentorships within its companies’ network, both in the Baku Branch offices, both in the Construction Sites in Sumgayit.Maire Tecnimont Socar new polypropylene plant Azerbaijan 

Maire Tecnimont SpA

Maire Tecnimont S.p.A. is a company listed with the Milan stock exchange. It heads an industrial group (the Maire Tecnimont Group) that leads the international Engineering & Construction (E&C), Technology & Licensing and Energy Business Development & Ventures markets, with specific competences in plants, particularly in the hydrocarbons segment (Oil & Gas Refining, Petrochemicals and Fertilisers), as well as in Power Generation and Infrastructures. The Maire Tecnimont Group operates in approximately 40 different countries, numbering around 50 operative companies and a workforce of more than 5,500 employees, along with approximately 3,000 additional Electrical & Instrumentation professionals. For more information: www.mairetecnimont.com.

Institutional Relations and Communication

Carlo Nicolais, Tommaso Verani

Public.affairs@mairetecnimont.it

Media Relations

Image Building

Alfredo Mele, Simona Raffaelli, Alessandro Zambetti

Tel +39 02 89011300

mairetecnimont@imagebuilding.it

Related Topics

-SOCAR Polymer will open PP plant today with a capacity of 180 thousand tons   SOCAR Polymer PP plant capacity 180 thousand tons

Biodegradable Plastics Market Forecasted Grow

Biodegradable Plastics Market Is Forecasted To Grow   Biodegradable Plastics Market Forecasted Grow

Biodegradable Plastics Market Forecasted Grow

Biodegradable plastics are a billion dollar growing industry that is pushed by the increased regulations and bans against plastic bags and other single-use plastic items. The demand for biodegradable plastics worldwide is growing as more people become concerned about plastic waste. Biodegradable Plastics Market Forecasted Grow
These plastics are bio-based or fossil-fuel-based chemical compositions that are able to decompose, microbially, to carbon dioxide and water. The process happens in industrial or municipal compost facilities. Additionally, some of these polymers are able to decompose in compost bins or in soil, freshwater, or saltwater. Therefore, you can decompose them even in your backyard.Biodegradable Plastics Market Forecasted Grow
According to a new analysis from IHS Markit, the current market value of this type of plastics exceeds $1.1 billion in 2018.Biodegradable Plastics Market Forecasted Grow
Also, it is expected to reach $1.7 billion by 2023. Currently, the global demand for these polymers is equal to 360,000 metric tons, but it can increase to almost 550,000 metric tons by 2023.Biodegradable Plastics Market Forecasted Grow
It is a huge number, but it is not even close to the demand for regular non-degradable plastics.Biodegradable Plastics Market Forecasted Grow
Western Europe is the absolute leader in the context of demand. Due to the strictest and increasingly stringent regulations for single-use plastics, it commands 55% of the global market value in 2018.Biodegradable Plastics Market Forecasted Grow
It is followed by Asia and Australias/New Zealand at 25%, then North America at 19%, and the rest of the world at 1%.Biodegradable Plastics Market Forecasted Grow
Consumer awareness of sustainable plastic solutions, government interest in the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, and a pervasive, general desire to eliminate fossil fuel independence are the reasons for the market growth.
Western Europe combines all of these factors and implements biodegradable plastics even in household and business products, such as foam packaging, mulch films, textiles, implants and sutures, downhole tools for oil and gas field operations, 3-D printing filament, etc.Biodegradable Plastics Market Forecasted Grow
Another factor that is important in this case is whether this plastic is decomposed. Most of the plastics should not end at the landfill since they will not decompose by themselves. Therefore, some European countries increased the costs of disposal of plastic at their landfill. By this, people are financially motivated to bring the plastic somewhere where it can be decomposed.
On the other hand, countries that lack mandates do not have any sufficient growth in the demand for biodegradable plastic.Biodegradable Plastics Market Forecasted Grow
There, the awareness of consumer and activism regarding the environmental issues should be increased in order to push the bioplastic market growth.
The major manufacturers of biodegradable polymers include NatureWorks (a joint venture of Cargill and PTT Global Chemical), Novamont, BASF, and PTT MCC Biochem Co., Ltd., a joint venture of PTT Public Company Ltd. (the parent of PTT Global Chemical) and Mitsubishi.Biodegradable Plastics Market Forecasted Grow
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August contract price benzene Europe lower July 

August contract price of benzene in Europe is agreed at EUR52 per tonne lower July  August contract price benzene Europe lower July 

August contract price benzene Europe lower July  MOSCOW – The contract price of benzene in Europe for supplies in August was finally agreed at the level of EUR742 per ton, which is EUR52 per ton below the level of the June price, ICIS reported on Tuesday, citing confirmation from two sellers and two buyers .

The August contract price of benzene was agreed in dollar terms at the level of USD867 per tonne, and then converted into a price in euros at the agreed exchange rate EUR1 = USD1,1684.August contract price benzene Europe lower July 

Thus, if you take the price of benzene in dollar terms, then the August contract price for the material decreased compared to July at USD53 per ton.

Earlier it was noted that the July contract price of benzene in Europe was approved at the level of EUR794 per ton, which is EUR37 per ton higher than the level of June.

Benzene is the raw material for the production of styrene, which, in turn, is the main raw material component for the production of polystyrene (PS).

According to the ICIS-MRC Price Review , the value of the Russian PS at the end of the month has traditionally remained unchanged. August contract price benzene Europe lower July 

This week, market players expect the price of Nizhnekamsk material to be agreed on in August. August contract price benzene Europe lower July 

Market players do not have a common opinion about the possible change in the cost of high-impact polystyrene (PSD / M) and general-purpose polystyrene (PCS / M) next month. August contract price benzene Europe lower July 

The preservation of July prices still looks like the most likely scenario for the development of events against the background of a neutral situation in the European market.

mrcplast.ru

Author:   Margarita Volkova

Related Topics

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Indorama Ventures PET Recycling Capabilities Acquisition Sorepla

  • Enhances capability to drive closed loop solutions and embraces the Circular Economy
  • Expands IVL’s capabilities and gains scale to serve increasing demand for rPET
  • Enhances supply chain synergies for our Recycled Fiber business

Indorama Ventures PET Recycling Capabilities Acquisition SoreplaBangkok, Thailand  – Indorama Ventures Public Company Limited (IVL), a global chemical producer, announced that it has entered into an agreement to acquire Sorepla Industrie S.A., a plastics recycling facility in France.Indorama Ventures PET Recycling Capabilities Acquisition Sorepla

Founded in 1991, Sorepla Industrie is one of the largest recyclers in Europe. The facility consists of three production lines; Recycled Polyethylene Terephthalate (rPET), Recycled High Density Polyethylene (rHDPE) and food-grade Pellets, with a combined capacity of 52,000 tonnes/annum.Indorama Ventures PET Recycling Capabilities Acquisition Sorepla

Regardless of the fluctuations in the quality of post-consumer feedstock, Sorepla can offer consistently high quality recycled PET material that meet customers’ specific needs in Packaging and Fibers.Indorama Ventures PET Recycling Capabilities Acquisition Sorepla

The company employs a total of 58 employees.

This acquisition is strategically in line with the Company’s objectives of long-term sustainability. The addition of Sorepla will further solidify IVL’s position as one of the leaders in recycling in Europe and opens up new opportunities to serve increasing demand for food grade rPET.Indorama Ventures PET Recycling Capabilities Acquisition Sorepla

While IVL has a significant recycling presence in France through its subsidiary, Wellman France Recyclage in Verdun, the acquisition of Sorepla gives the Company additional capabilities to deliver food grade rPET to serve increasing demand among major brand owners for more sustainable packaging solutions. Due to Sorepla’s proximity to our existing recycling business, synergies of management and supply chain are expected to benefit IVL businesses.Indorama Ventures PET Recycling Capabilities Acquisition Sorepla

rPET resin is widely used for food and beverage packaging as well as fiber applications in Europe, a sector in which IVL holds a leadership supplier position. The demand for food-grade rPET in Western Europe is expected to grow at a CAGR of 7% from 2018-2021, and is currently outstripping supply.Indorama Ventures PET Recycling Capabilities Acquisition Sorepla

A growing emphasis on sustainability and circular economy objectives among packaging and consumer product manufacturers is expected to be amongst the key factors driving market growth.Indorama Ventures PET Recycling Capabilities Acquisition Sorepla

Recycled PET is well-known to be hygienic and is approved for food-contact applications in most countries around the world.

Commenting on the acquisition, Mr. Aloke Lohia, Group CEO of Indorama Ventures said, “Indorama Ventures plays a key role in promoting the circular economy and environmental sustainability globally.Indorama Ventures PET Recycling Capabilities Acquisition Sorepla

We believe that the recycling of PET packaging is one of the most responsible solutions for the preservation of resources and the reduction of PET containers in landfills. Indorama Ventures is playing its part and investing in recycling solutions globally.

With a comprehensive European network for bottle sourcing and good supply chain efficiencies, we feel that this acquisition will contribute as an attractive platform for strong future growth in the sustainable recycling business with the potential to expand globally.”

# # #

About Indorama Ventures

Indorama Ventures Public Company Limited, listed in Thailand (Bloomberg ticker IVL.TB), is one of the world’s leading petrochemicals producers, with a global manufacturing footprint across Africa, Asia, Europe and North America. The company’s portfolio comprises Necessities and High Value-Added (HVA) categories of Polymers, Fibers, and Packaging, selectively integrated with self-manufactured Ethylene Oxide/Glycols and PTA where economical. Indorama Ventures products serve major FMCG and Automotive sectors, i.e. Beverages, Hygiene, Personal Care, Tire and Safety segments. Indorama Ventures has approx. 15,000 employees worldwide and consolidated revenue of US$ 8.4 billion in 2017. The Company is listed in the Dow Jones Sustainability Index (DJSI).

Indorama Ventures is headquartered in Bangkok, Thailand with operating sites in

EMEA:The Netherlands, Germany, Ireland, France, UK, Italy, Denmark, Lithuania, Poland, Czech Republic, Luxembourg, Spain, Turkey, Nigeria, Ghana, Portugal, Egypt
Americas:USA, Mexico, Canada, Brazil
Asia:Thailand, Indonesia, China, India, the Philippines, Myanmar

Contacts

Richard Jones
Tel: +662.661.6661 ext. 680
richard.j@indorama.net

Naweensuda Krabuanrat
Tel: +662.661.6661 ext. 247
naweensuda.k@indorama.net

Note:
This document contains “forward-looking statements” about the financial condition and results of operations of Indorama Ventures Public Company Limited (the “Company”), which are based on management’s current beliefs, assumptions, expectations and projections about future economic performance and events, considering the information currently available to the management.Indorama Ventures PET Recycling Capabilities Acquisition Sorepla

Any statements preceded by, followed by or that include the words “targets”, “believes”, “expects”, “aims”, “intends”, “will”, “may”, “anticipates”, “would”, “plans”, “could”, “should, “predicts”, “projects”, “estimates”, “foresees” or similar expressions or the negative thereof, identify or signal the presence of forward-looking statements as well as predictions, projections and forecasts of the economy or economic trends of the markets, which are not necessarily indicative of the future or likely performance of the Company.Indorama Ventures PET Recycling Capabilities Acquisition Sorepla

Spot prices paraxylene Asia new high 2015

Spot prices of paraxylene in Asia have reached a new high since 2015   Spot prices paraxylene Asia new high 2015

Spot prices paraxylene Asia new high 2015MOSCOW – The spot prices of paraxylene in Asia reached a new high on July 30 from 2015 amid high demand on the eve of the closure for planned repairs of production facilities, ICIS reports.

It is planned that several paraxylene plants will be closed for repairs in August and September, which will lead to a reduction in supply.Spot prices paraxylene Asia new high 2015

In addition, the rising prices of refined terephthalic acid (TPA) also supported the upward trend of paraxylene prices recently.Spot prices paraxylene Asia new high 2015

Futures for TPK for the September contract increased by 2.4% compared to the prices for July 27.Spot prices paraxylene Asia new high 2015

As of July 30, paraxylene transactions for the September delivery were concluded at the level of USD1,078 per tonne, CFR China and / or Taiwan, compared to the similar deal for July 27, concluded at USD1,555 per tonne, CFR China and / or Taiwan.

Paraxylene is a raw material for the synthesis of TPA – a semi-product for the production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET).Spot prices paraxylene Asia new high 2015

According to the Price Review of ICIS-MRC , the decline in spot prices in the Russian PET market last week slowed. In August, the continuation of the current trend is expected.

mrcplast.ru

Author:                Anna Larionova

Related Topics

-Paraxylene producers in Asia nominated July contract prices at the level of USD1,040-1,100 per tonne – Paraxylene producers Asia July contract prices 

Carbon fiber costs flatten Toray quarterly profit

Carbon fiber costs flatten Toray’s quarterly profit    Carbon fiber costs flatten Toray quarterly profit

Boeing supplier struggles to raise price of key product

Carbon fiber costs flatten Toray quarterly profit

A Boeing 787 Dreamliner fuselage is seen at a factory in Japan. Toray carbon fibers go into composites that make planes lighter.   © Reuters

TOKYO — Toray Industries‘ operating profit for the April-June quarter probably shrank by more than 10% on the year to around 34 billion yen ($306 million) as the Japanese company had difficulty passing on higher materials costs in its carbon fiber prices.

Toray sells carbon fiber to U.S. aircraft maker Boeing under a long-term contract, which hinders passing on the cost increase.Carbon fiber costs flatten Toray quarterly profit

Carbon fibers, produced by baking synthetic fibers to strengthen them, have broad applications, including in composite materials used to make aircraft and automobiles. Toray is the world’s leading supplier and Japan’s biggest textile company by sales.

Demand for aircraft fibers, a Toray strength, was strong in the three-month period. But supply costs increased as prices of a key raw material rose about 20% on the year, driven up by more expensive crude oil and reduced supply.Carbon fiber costs flatten Toray quarterly profit

Meanwhile, Toray faced intense competition in carbon fibers used in wind turbine blades and sporting goods.Carbon fiber costs flatten Toray quarterly profit

Costs linked to the July acquisition of a Dutch carbon fiber processor, TenCate Advanced Composites Holding, also weighed down profit.Carbon fiber costs flatten Toray quarterly profit

Toray’s first-quarter sales probably rose nearly 10% from the year-earlier 508 billion yen. The fibers and textiles business, which generated about 40% of Toray’s fiscal 2017 sales, continued to fare well in the first quarter.Carbon fiber costs flatten Toray quarterly profit

Poor weather dampened demand for apparel, but shipments of materials for automotive air bags increased.Carbon fiber costs flatten Toray quarterly profit

In the performance chemicals business, resins used in automobiles and lithium-ion battery materials sold well.Carbon fiber costs flatten Toray quarterly profit

Toray will announce its first-quarter results on Monday. For the full year ending in March 2019, the company has projected an operating profit increase of 5% to 165 billion yen on sales of 2.4 trillion yen, up 9%.Carbon fiber costs flatten Toray quarterly profit

Related Topics

Europe MEG market stalemate ethylene August contract

Europe MEG market in stalemate as ethylene August contract still unsettled    Europe MEG market stalemate ethylene August contract 

Source:ICIS News

Europe MEG market stalemate ethylene August contract LONDON (ICIS)–The European monoethylene glycol (MEG) monthly contract remains unconfirmed in the final days of July as stalemate ensues in the market once again.

Previously, an initial contract settlement was agreed by a seller and a buyer but there was a lack of support for the initial July rollover.

Opinions between buyers and sellers were divided and a limbo period ensued.

Some on the buy-side of the market consider the rollover for July too high and felt that a double-digit decrease was expected due to previous factors including developments in Asia and a decrease in the July ethylene contract price upstream, for example.Europe MEG market stalemate ethylene August contract 

As a consequence, some market sources think that they could be stable or a shade lower level for August contracts.Europe MEG market stalemate ethylene August contract 

By contrast, prices in Asia rallied towards the end of last week and overseas developments are often considered in European contract discussions.

Europe is a net import of glycols, so an increase in Asia levels could make it more attractive for the US to send material to China rather than Europe.

At the start of this week China main port prices jumped up on restocking activities and prices were $946-950/tonne CFR (cost and freight) on Monday.

European contract players also consider supply and demand conditions along with feedstock movements in the upstream ethylene market.

Supply improved a bit in the spot market, causing prices to soften slightly in July after a period of high levels.Europe MEG market stalemate ethylene August contract 

Consumption from the polyethylene terephthalate (PET) industry also improved after certain upstream supply constraints but some are unsure if the downstream market is out of the woods yet.Europe MEG market stalemate ethylene August contract 

Europe MEG market stalemate ethylene August contract

Nonetheless, contractual offtake from the PET sector is good, with enquiries for additional MEG volumes.Europe MEG market stalemate ethylene August contract 

Bids for US and Middle Eastern material where mentioned last week for early September spot material.Europe MEG market stalemate ethylene August contract 

Demand in the truck market is ticking along, and the coolant market is expected to carry on improving in the coming weeks.Europe MEG market stalemate ethylene August contract 

Forecasts for demand are also in good shape in preparation for the winter season.

There was isolated mention last week of some disappointment in demand during summer though.Europe MEG market stalemate ethylene August contract 

The August ethylene contract settlement is yet to emerge and MEG contract discussions are expected to reignite after that.Europe MEG market stalemate ethylene August contract 

MEG is mainly used in the production of polyester fibres, resins and films (around 80% of global consumption), followed by use in PET resin. It is also used as automotive antifreeze.

Picture source: Martin Poole/Mood Board/REX/Shutterstock

By Melissa Hurley
Related Topics

Highsun KARL MAYER Teaming Direct Warping Sector

Highsun And KARL MAYER — Teaming In The Direct Warping Sector   Highsun KARL MAYER Teaming Direct Warping Sector

Highsun KARL MAYER Teaming Direct Warping SectorOBERTSHAUSEN, Germany  — Highsun has made a name for itself as one of the world’s largest company groups specializing in the polymerization and spinning of polyamide and in the production of spandex.Highsun KARL MAYER Teaming Direct Warping Sector

The Chinese group focuses on high-quality products and on new innovations. Providing effective support for its end customers in the polyamide and elastane fiber production chain is also important for this synthetic fiber specialist.

The Highsun Group is a modern conglomerate, which combines business operations in synthetic fibers, real estate and financial services under a single umbrella.

The synthetic fiber operation employs roughly 5,000 people. The core products include Nylon and spandex yarns, as well as polyamide 6 polymer chips. Highsun also offers one-stop solutions for the textile industry.Highsun KARL MAYER Teaming Direct Warping Sector

These include supplying caprolactam as the starting material for the production of polyamide 6, polyamide itself, and spandex, as well as spinning, yarn texturing, direct warping and, last but not least, dyeing and finishing. 40 billion RMB were invested in its subsidiary, Shengyuan New Materials, as a high-end facility for producing caprolactam. This company covers an area of roughly 549,000 m².

Its planned annual output is 1 million metric tons and the machinery for producing the first 400,000 metric tons was successfully installed and launched into production in July 2017.

Environmental protection is a top priority for Highsun in all its business operations. Its products are certified in accordance with the OEKO-TEX® Standard 100. They are sold on the domestic market but are also well established globally. Among its customers are textile companies in 30 countries, mainly in Asia, Europe and North and South America.

Experience and expertise in warping

Alongside Shengyuan New Materials, Highsun Warping plays an important part in complementing the range of products for producing polyamide and spandex, i.e. in the processing chain.Highsun KARL MAYER Teaming Direct Warping Sector

This arm of the group supplies sectional warp beams of the highest quality to improve the product quality in warp knitting. This is achieved by using high-speed machines and having extensive knowledge and expertise.Highsun KARL MAYER Teaming Direct Warping Sector

Highsun relies on many years of experience in direct warping. An early subsidiary of the company, the GuiFuRen Company, began warping spandex in 1994 using one of the first elastane warping machines supplied by Karl Mayer. In the years that followed, Highsun continuously expanded its research and development operations and improved its product quality.Highsun KARL MAYER Teaming Direct Warping Sector

With its high-end, innovative products, Highsun won many customers and set up a number of long-lasting partnerships.Highsun KARL MAYER Teaming Direct Warping Sector

Managers in warp knitting companies were increasingly coming to the conclusion that high-quality warp beams could have a clear, positive influence on their production, but they also knew that extensive experience, technical knowledge and innovative machines were needed.Highsun KARL MAYER Teaming Direct Warping Sector

Many warp knitting companies could not meet these requirements, which restricted the development of their businesses.Highsun KARL MAYER Teaming Direct Warping Sector

For this reason, in 2011, Highsun invested in a large number of Karl Mayer’s warping machines for processing warp beams with elastane yarns, and set up its own warp knitting and warping department.Highsun KARL MAYER Teaming Direct Warping Sector

Its customers could obtain high-quality warp beams for warp knitting direct from Highsun. Warp knitting companies were keen to exploit this facility, which consequently promoted the expansion of the Highsun Group.Highsun KARL MAYER Teaming Direct Warping Sector

A machine with an impressive performance

20 of Karl Mayer’s elastane warping machines, types DSE HH and DSE 21/21 EC, are currently running in Highsun’s factories. Yarns having counts of from 18 to 640 den can be processed on these warp preparation machines, and beams carrying between 30 and 1,090 warp yarns can be warped. The company also invested in a number of DS 50/32 DNC direct warping machines at the end of 2017 to enable it to produce super-sized beams.Highsun KARL MAYER Teaming Direct Warping Sector

With its flexible and modern warping operations, Highsun can meet the needs of its customers most effectively. Deliveries within the area can be made in less than 24 hours after the order has been placed. This exceptional service and high warp beam quality have impressed many brand names, including Carvico. This well-known warp knitting specialist has been working with Highsun since 2017. The spandex beams are exported directly to Carvico’s factory in Italy and fully meet the stringent requirements of the company’s own quality assurance specifications.Highsun KARL MAYER Teaming Direct Warping Sector

Cooperation that benefits the customer

This Chinese company intends to continue cooperating with Karl Mayer in the future in order to fulfil its obligations as a reliable partner. “Highsun will strengthen and consolidate its strategic cooperation with Karl Mayer in the future. Our company group will continue to concentrate on the production of and research into top-quality polyamide and spandex, as well as high-end products to put us at the forefront of healthy development within the sector,” says Mei Zhen, general manager of Highsun Synthetic Fiber Technologies Co. Ltd, one of the companies in the Highsun Group.Highsun KARL MAYER Teaming Direct Warping Sector

As part of this partnership, Highsun employees and their warp knitting customers can attend courses held by the Karl Mayer Academy China. During these training courses, instructors and service specialists at Karl Mayer (China) provide the customers of both companies with useful information on setting up, operating and maintaining warp knitting machines. On 7 May 2018, a four-day course was again held in Highsun Synthetic Fiber Technologies Co. Ltd. Alongside of the warp knitting introduction given by Karl Mayer instructors, the Head of the warp preparation section there, Wang Wenyong, provided additional information by speaking about how to improve the warp quality and on the relationship existing between warp beam quality and warp knitting efficiency. “There is every reason to take part in the courses to enable us to promote the success of our mutual customers,” says Wang Wenyong.Highsun KARL MAYER Teaming Direct Warping Sector

Warping elastane on Karl Mayer’s DSE machines

The DSE HH and the DSE 21/21 EC produce warp beams from elastane and deliver an exceptional level of performance.Highsun KARL MAYER Teaming Direct Warping Sector

Their vertical process management system enables even very fine yarns to be processed gently, the freely running yarn permits the machines to be operated easily, and the machines are extremely flexible in terms of the stretching conditions. Stretching of the warp yarns on the beam can be selected from between 15 and 100% and is adjusted in three stretching zones. In the pre-stretching zone, the yarn coming from the creel is stretched by between 50 and 210 percent.Highsun KARL MAYER Teaming Direct Warping Sector

Following this, the yarns pass via a positively driven overrun roller system in an intermediate zone, where they can contract again. In the final stretching zone, the yarn is given its final stretch up to the winding point, and this may be between 15 and 100 percent.Highsun KARL MAYER Teaming Direct Warping Sector

GoLite produces ligthweight outerwear with a focus on running and yoga. A big focus is put on sustainability with garment made of recycled materials and sustainable chemistry.

A camera monitoring system interrupts the machine operation in the event of any yarn breakages. If the machine is stopped at full speed, a sophisticated system for synchronizing the brakes guarantees reliable control of the yarn sheet. A computer-based circumference control system ensures that all the beams in a set are absolutely identical.

Source: KARL MAYER Textilmaschinenfabrik GmbH

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Bidders firm once-vaunted Sarnia refinery plans

No bidders for firm with once-vaunted Sarnia refinery plans   Bidders firm once-vaunted Sarnia refinery plans

Bidders firm once-vaunted Sarnia refinery plans
BioAmber’s plant in Sarnia, Ont., is shown in this file photo. File photo/Sarnia Observer/Postmedia Network Paul Morden / Paul Morden/The Observer
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BioAmber is seeking court approval to liquidate its Sarnia plant and other assets after no acceptable offers were received by a Friday deadline set as part of a court-approved process under Canada’s Companies Creditors Arrangement Act.

The Montreal-based company said Monday it will also continue to actively engage with bidders who qualified under the current process, and other interested parties, to determine if a transaction is still possible that would see the company’s operations continue.

“We are clearly disappointed that the qualified bidders did not place an acceptable offer for BioAmber,” CEO Richard Eno said in a news release.

“We will continue to be actively engaged with potential investors to seek an acceptable transaction and avoid the liquidation of the company’s assets.”

The company said that process is expected to conclude Aug. 14.

“We will choose to remain optimistic that this facility has a future in Sarnia-Lambton,” said Alex Palimaka, chairperson of the Sarnia-Lambton Economic Partnership.
He said the partnership reached out Monday to BioAmber.

He said the company’s plant in Sarnia is a “world-class facility” and added the community wants investors to know it is “a willing host” with “so much to offer in the bio-industrial sector.”Bidders firm once-vaunted Sarnia refinery plans

BioAmber said it will engage with its interim lender, and other secured lenders, to “determine the best going-forward strategy.”Bidders firm once-vaunted Sarnia refinery plans

Sarnia-Lambton MP Marilyn Gladu said Monday she spoke Monday with BioAmber, as well as federal government officials “to see if there’s any help available there.”

While “the official bidders have fallen through in terms of rescuing them,” there are other potential bidders for BioAmber’s Sarnia facility, Gladu said.

“So, that is some hope.”Bidders firm once-vaunted Sarnia refinery plans

The company has said in the past that it had approximately 60 employees in Sarnia.

“I’d like to thank our dedicated and highly capable employees for their outstanding service to the company,” Eno said in the news release.Bidders firm once-vaunted Sarnia refinery plans

Approximately 30 production and warehouse employees at BioAmber’s Sarnia plant voted last year to join Unifor.Bidders firm once-vaunted Sarnia refinery plans

Joe Free, a national representative with the union, said negotiations to reach a first contract were being held off while the company was going through the current process.

He said he hadn’t received word from the company as of Monday morning about the current status of its operations in Sarnia.Bidders firm once-vaunted Sarnia refinery plans

BioAmber filed in May for court protection in Canada and the U.S., saying at the time it was “faced with a liquidity crisis” as well as “the inability to raise capital on public markets as a result of its recent delisting from the New York Stock Exchange and the Toronto Stock Exchange.”Bidders firm once-vaunted Sarnia refinery plans

BioAmber opened its Sarnia plant in 2015 where it using corn syrup to make bio-succinic acid, a building block chemical used in plastics, paints, food additives and other products. At one point,  the company was negotiating with governments in Canada and the U.S. for incentives to build a second plant.Bidders firm once-vaunted Sarnia refinery plans

BioAmber was an early success in Sarnia-Lambton’s efforts to attract bio-industries to operate alongside its traditional petrochemical plants and refineries.

The young company had tested its technology at a pilot plant in France when it decided to build a $140-million plant in Sarnia  with the help of several million dollars in federal and provincial government loans.Bidders firm once-vaunted Sarnia refinery plans

Palimaka said the economic partnership remains optimistic about the community’s future as a home for bio-industries.Bidders firm once-vaunted Sarnia refinery plans

“BioAmber was our first big success story,” he said.

“There are many others that have followed – there are many others that will continue to follow.”Bidders firm once-vaunted Sarnia refinery plans

Gladu noted plans Origin Materials, Comet Biorefining, Benefuel and other bio-companies have announced for Sarnia.Bidders firm once-vaunted Sarnia refinery plans

“I have not given up on BioAmber,” she added.

“I just think we need the right investors to come and help them over this spot.”

pmorden@postmedia.com

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Saudis Won’t Suspend Crude Oil Exports West

Saudis Won’t Suspend Oil Exports To The West   Saudis Won’t Suspend Crude Oil Exports West

Saudis Won’t Suspend Crude Oil Exports West

Aramco is unlikely to suspend West-bound crude oil exports after the Houthi missile attacks against two Saudi tankers in the Bab el Mandeb strait, The National reports citing oil analysts.Saudis Won’t Suspend Crude Oil Exports West

Riyadh announced that it would stop shipments via the chokepoint after the attacks, and this sparked worry that Saudi exports would be disrupted, raising prices.

However, it is unlikely that Saudi Arabia would allow such a dent in exports.

“Overall Saudi export volumes should not be reduced by this decision, although there will be some short-term disruptions and the announcement has created concerns in the crude market and related areas such as shipping insurance,” Richard Mallinson from Energy Aspects said.Saudis Won’t Suspend Crude Oil Exports West

Some of the alternative routes that Saudi oil could be shipped through include the maritime route via the Horn of Africa, which is longer and more expensive, and the East/West Saudi pipeline to the Yanbu refinery on the Red Sea. From Yanbu, the crude could be shipped via the Suez Canal, Iman Nasseri from Facts Global Energy told The National.Saudis Won’t Suspend Crude Oil Exports West

In any case, for a while Saudi exports to the West will be more expensive, but this should not be a major problem for Aramco.Saudis Won’t Suspend Crude Oil Exports West

The company only ships around half a million barrels daily via the Bab el Mandeb chokepoint, compared to an average daily total of 6 million barrels.

What’s more, Saudi Arabia has built substantial oil inventories in Egypt that it can now use to keep its European clients supplied until the shipment suspension lifts.

Bab el Mandeb is one of the most important oil chokepoints globally, accounting for as much as 5.8 million barrels of oil and oil productions daily as of 2016, and probably more today.Saudis Won’t Suspend Crude Oil Exports West

While in the past the main risk in the area came from African pirates, the war in Yemen has added the risk of missile attacks from the Arabian Peninsula as well.

By Irina Slav for Oilprice.com

Source : 

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Plastic scrap piles Japan China shuts door

Plastic scrap piles up in Japan after China shuts door   Plastic scrap piles Japan China shuts door

Some traders face bankruptcy while others adapt

   Plastic scrap piles Japan China shuts door

Outlets for waste plastic have dried up after China banned imports this year.

TOKYO — China’s move this year to reject plastic waste is starting to have a ripple effect on Japanese traders that had depended on Chinese consumption.

One plastic scrap company in Fukuoka Prefecture filed for bankruptcy in March. “Bankruptcies and business closures of other domestic exporters will likely follow,” said Mitsuhiro Harada at Tokyo Shoko Research.Plastic scrap piles Japan China shuts door

Other companies are adjusting their strategy to fit the new reality. Ibaraki Prefecture-based Asei exports scrap plastic to a plant it runs in Shanghai, where the material is processed into pellets that are sold to Chinese buyers. But because of the ban, that factory has become unusable and will shut down before the year is out.

Because Asei is forced to process waste plastic into pellets in Japan, it is spending hundreds of millions of yen on an Ibaraki plant that will boost its monthly output of the pellets.Plastic scrap piles Japan China shuts door

The company will also set up a plant in neighboring Chiba Prefecture that will pulverize plastic scrap.Plastic scrap piles Japan China shuts door

China imported roughly 7.3 million tons of waste plastic in 2016, or over half of global exports.Plastic scrap piles Japan China shuts door

Japan shipped about 1.3 million tons to the mainland, including what came in via Hong Kong. In all, more than 80% of Japan’s exports of used plastic went to China.

The plastics are converted into everyday items. But the administration of President Xi Jinping, concerned about the air pollution that results from conversion, started this year enforcing a ban on waste plastic and paper imports first announced in 2017.

The embargo is hitting Japanese blue chips as well. Because Canon could not sell used plastics to Chinese enterprises, it sent the scrap to incinerators in Japan. Canon is currently handing off all its used plastic to Japanese recyclers, said a company official.

However, Japan is in no position to suddenly expand its capacity to recycle plastics, and a lot of the waste ends up at landfills or incinerators.Plastic scrap piles Japan China shuts door

Restrictions on used plastics are being toughened internationally, so there are few places willing to accept the waste. Some are looking to export to Southeast Asia, but Thailand is considering its own ban on imports of plastic scrap.Plastic scrap piles Japan China shuts door

Only 23% of the waste plastic produced by Japan in 2016 was turned into recycled plastic or used in fiber materials, according to the Tokyo-based Plastic Waste Management Institute. However, some companies are looking to fill that niche.

Tokyo recycler Jeplan will launch a line of apparel made from material extracted from secondhand clothes and plastic bottles. For the company, the Chinese waste plastic ban is a boon.Plastic scrap piles Japan China shuts door

“Procurement costs for plastic bottle flakes will come down,” said Jeplan CEO Masaki Takao.Plastic scrap piles Japan China shuts door

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Caprolactam Market Demand Automotive Sector Drive Growth

Caprolactam Market to Grow at Steady Pace; Demand from Automotive Sector to Drive Growth    Caprolactam Market Demand Automotive Sector Drive Growth

 

Caprolactam Market Demand Automotive Sector Drive GrowthIn order to gain competitive advantage, some of the most prominent companies in the global caprolactam market are focusing on capacity expansion. In addition to this, the market players are likely to capitalize on opportunities prevalent in

end-use segments such as engineering plastics, electronics, and industrial yarn. In a recent study, Transparency Market Research (TMR) identifies some of the leading market players, which include Honeywell, DSM, Ube Industries, BASF SE, Capro Corporation, and others.Caprolactam Market Demand Automotive Sector Drive Growth

Strategies these companies adopt can sway prevalent market trends.

TMR pegged the global caprolactam market at US$8,662.5 mn in 2012. By the end of 2019, the market is forecast to reach US$13,801.9 mn, exhibiting a positive 6.9% CAGR between 2013 and 2019.Caprolactam Market Demand Automotive Sector Drive Growth

Among key application segments, nylon-6 fibers emerged dominant, holding an estimated 66% of the overall market in 2012.Caprolactam Market Demand Automotive Sector Drive Growth

The dominance of nylon-6 fibers is attributable to its superior chemical and physical properties such as light weight and high tensile strength.

Regionally, Europe and Asia Pacific emerged as leading markets for caprolactam in 2012. As per TMR, Asia Pacific held nearly 71% of the global market emerging dominant in 2012. Some of the leading players in the caprolactam market are aiming towards capacity expansion in Asia Pacific, which is giving the regional segment significant impetus.

Increasing Use of Nylon-6 Resins across Diverse Applications to Boost Growth

According to TMR, the rising use of nylon-6 across diverse automotive and engineering applications will give significant impetus to the global caprolactam market. Furthermore, the economic development in Asia Pacific will offer the market lucrative growth opportunities.Caprolactam Market Demand Automotive Sector Drive Growth

Among other reasons, the expanding automotive sector will bring good news for the market. Over the last few years, the automotive industry is exhibiting impressive growth in China, India, and Brazil.Caprolactam Market Demand Automotive Sector Drive Growth

This, coupled with the increasing disposable income of people in these nations, will fuel the demand for caprolactam. Furthermore, growth in fabrics industry will boost growth opportunities for the market.Caprolactam Market Demand Automotive Sector Drive Growth

Other than this, the rising use of nylon 6 in engineering plastics and films, floor coverings, and in the production of industrial yarns will boost sales in the coming years. Given the scenario, growth in end-use segments will have positive impact on the overall market during the forecast period.Caprolactam Market Demand Automotive Sector Drive Growth

Demand from Automotive Sector to Create Lucrative Growth Opportunities

The use of nylon 6 resins is expected to rise considerably in the coming years. Their increasing used in applications such as packaging, engineering plastics, electronics, and musical instrument strings will enable the caprolactam market report accelerated growth. As per TMR, the superior physical and chemicals features of nylon 6 resins will boost their demand through the forecast period.Caprolactam Market Demand Automotive Sector Drive Growth

For instance, the market will find increasing use of nylon 6 resins in engineering applications due to its physical properties such as high fatigue resistance and high strength.Caprolactam Market Demand Automotive Sector Drive Growth

Furthermore, paradigm shift towards producing environmentally friendly versions of automobiles has increased the use of nylon 6 over plastics in the automotive sector.

Going forward, the increasing demand and production of vehicles will positively influence growth prospects for the caprolactam market. On the downside, unpredictability in raw material prices can hinder the market’s growth to an extent.

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B&O products ZDHC list approved chemistries global sustainability

B&O products now on ZDHC list of approved chemistries   B&O products ZDHC list approved chemistries global sustainability 

B&O products  ZDHC list approved chemistries global sustainability With the recent collaboration between bluesign and ZDHC, several of the chemistries developed by Bolger & O’Hearn Specialty Chemicals are now listed on the official ZDHC list of sustainable, approved textiles industry chemistries.

ZDHC is a global sustainability leader at the forefront of effectively phasing out hazardous substances from the supply chains serving the textiles, apparel, leather and footwear industries. The guidance documents and tools of ZDHC, such as the ZDHC Manufacturing Restricted Substance List (ZDHC MRSL), the ZDHC Wastewater Guidelines and the ZDHC Gateway platform have become a major industry reference for holistic sustainable chemical management.

bluesign is now the first established Level 3 Accepted Certifier for ZDHC MRSL Conformance.

Chemistries developed by Bolger & O’Hearn that are now approved by bluesign and ZDHC include Stormproof/Breathable OmniBloq – an advanced DWR technology engineered to keep apparel dry and consumers comfortable, even when exposed to pounding wind and rain – and Altopel F3, an advanced fluorine-free water repellent.B&O products ZDHC list approved chemistries global sustainability  

“Bolger & O’Hearn has a long-standing commitment to environmentally preferably chemistry and we are excited to be associated with the force that the ZDHC brings to the outdoor industry,” said Shawn Honeycutt, Bolger & O’Hearn Sales Manager.

The team from Bolger & O’Hearn is exhibiting at Summer Outdoor Retailer in Denver, CO, this week, to meet and discuss how its new Stormproof/Breathable OmniBloq DWR technology can help brands provide stormproof performance apparel and gear for their consumers.B&O products ZDHC list approved chemistries global sustainability  

According to the company, its OmniBloq’s stormproof/breathable capabilities represent an entirely new DWR category for the performance industry. “Simply put, stormproof/breathable garments have been engineered to deflect heavy, wind-driven rain, yet are lightweight and allow perspiration to evaporate,” the company explains. Applied at the factory, this technology is now ZDHC-approved.

Founded in 1969, from its traditional beginnings in the textiles industry, Bolger & O’Hearn has expanded into paper coatings, nonwovens and other non-textile manufactured products, all of which find applications in a wide range of industries.

Today its product line – totalling over 2,500 products – is sold and distributed globally. Committed to a zero-carbon future, B&O currently produces its products using renewable energy. The solar voltaic array on its facilities allow it to displace more than 100,000 pounds of carbon each year.B&O products ZDHC list approved chemistries global sustainability  

www.bolgerohearn.com

Sorce : Innovation in Textiles

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Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

As Plastic Regulations and Bans Increase, Market Value for Biodegradable Polymers Exceeds $1 Billion and Will Rise Sharply by 2023, IHS Markit Says   Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

HOUSTON–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Led by Western Europe, increasing regulations and bans against plastic bags and other single-use plastic items such as drinking straws is driving growing demand for biodegradable plastics, according to new analysis from IHS Markit (Nasdaq: INFO), the leading global source of critical information and insight. The current market value of biodegradable plastics exceeds $1.1 billion in 2018, but could reach $1.7 billion by 2023, the report says.Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

World consumption of biodegradable polymers by region – 2018. Source: IHS Markit

Biodegradable or compostable polymers are bio-based or fossil-fuel-based polymers (plastics) that undergo microbial decomposition to carbon dioxide and water in industrial or municipal compost facilities.Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

A few of these polymers decompose in backyard compost bins or in soil, freshwater or saltwater.Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

The food packaging, disposable tableware (cups, plates, and cutlery) and bags sector is the largest end-use segment, as well as the major growth driver for biodegradable polymer consumption.Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

This segment will benefit from local restrictions on plastic shopping bags and will achieve double-digit growth. Compost bags are the second most important end-use for biodegradable polymers.Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

This market segment will experience strong growth thanks to the gradual expansion of composting infrastructure and growing interest in diverting organic waste such as leaves, grass clippings and food waste from landfill, according to the IHS Markit Chemical Economics Handbook: Biodegradable Polymers Report.

Foam packaging, which includes starch-based loose-fill packaging (packing peanuts), is a significant end-use for biodegradable polymers in Western Europe and North America; mulch films and other agricultural applications are important end uses in Western Europe and Asia.Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

Smaller-volume markets include paper coatings for cups and cartons, as well as textiles, nonwoven fabrics, resorbable medical devices such as sutures and implants, downhole tools for oil and gas field operations, and 3-D printing filament.

In 2018, global demand for these polymers is 360,000 metric tons, but total consumption of biodegradable polymers is expected to increase to almost 550,000 metric tons by 2023, representing an average annual growth rate of 9 percent for the five-year period, which is equivalent to a volume increase of more than 50 percent from 2018 to 2023.

Western Europe, with the world’s strictest and increasingly stringent regulations for single-use plastics, commands 55 percent of the global market value in 2018 for these specialty biodegradable polymers, followed by Asia and Oceania (Australia and New Zealand) at 25 percent, then North America at 19 percent of consumption, with the rest of the world combined for less than 1 percent of demand.Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

“Biodegradable plastics, which are largely starch-based compounds or polylactic acid (PLA)-based materials, have become more cost-competitive with petroleum-based plastics and the demand is growing significantly, particularly in Western Europe, where environmental regulations are the strictest,” said Marifaith Hackett, director, specialty chemicals research at IHS Markit and the report’s lead author. “However, the demand for these biodegradable polymers is still a drop in the bucket when you compare it to demand for traditional plastics such as polyethylene (PE).”Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

According to IHS Markit, global demand for PE, the world’s most-used plastic, has nearly doubled during the last 20 years. IHS Markit expects 2018 global PE demand to exceed 100 million metric tons (MMT). However, significant new market pressures, including a rise in consumer expectations around sustainability, along with tightening environmental regulations in mature markets such as Europe and key growth markets such as China, could threaten future demand growth.Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

“The properties and processability of biodegradable polymers have improved, allowing the use of these materials in a broader range of applications, but legislation is the single most important demand driver for these plastics,” Hackett said. “Restrictions on the use of non-biodegradable plastic shopping bags in Italy and France have led to a significant increase in the consumption of biodegradable polymers in those countries, and we expect European countries will continue to lead in legislative restrictions.”

In contrast, Hackett said, biodegradable polymer use has grown more slowly or stagnated in places that lack mandates.Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

“Growing consumer awareness and activism regarding environmental issues could certainly increase the market for biodegradable plastics,” she said. “To truly capture the benefits of these biodegradable polymers, however, you need to have the collection and composting infrastructure to support their use. Very few major cities or municipalities currently have the necessary infrastructure in place.”

Hackett said it is important to understand that many biodegradable polymers are compostable only in special industrial composting facilities, which operate at higher temperatures than home compost piles. “Only a subset of biodegradable polymers is compostable in backyard compost bins; an even smaller subset is compostable in the soil or in marine environments,” Hackett said.Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

Despite the positive potential of biodegradable polymers, they are still mostly taking a backseat to other sustainability approaches, such as reducing plastics consumption and recycling, Hackett said.Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

“For various reasons, which may include consumer confusion regarding bio-based plastics versus biodegradable polymers, there is not as much demand for these more sustainable plastics as you might expect, despite heightened public awareness of the plastics waste issue,” she said. “In addition, suitable disposal options for products made from biodegradable polymers are often lacking. The cost of establishing the infrastructure necessary to support their collection and composting remains a barrier to demand growth.”

Mandatory composting programs can contribute to demand growth for biodegradable polymers, the IHS Markit report said. These programs divert organic waste from landfill, thus reducing greenhouse gas emissions from landfill sites. The expansion of composting programs can spur demand for compostable trash bags and food service ware, both important end uses for biodegradable polymers.

The shortage of composting facilities that are capable of processing biodegradable polymers limits the positive impact of mandatory composting programs on biodegradable polymer demand.Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

“More legislation is likely coming in Europe or at the E.U. level, and if that occurs, we could see major changes in this industry and pushback from producers of traditional plastic products,” Hackett said.Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

“The last time we at IHS Markit assessed the global demand for biodegradable polymers, we noted the U.S. was the largest driver of demand growth for this segment, but due to legislation, Europe is by far the leading demand center. Europe is the place to watch, as Europeans are particularly motivated to reduce marine litter.”

The issue of plastics and sustainability will be a key topic of discussion at the upcoming 6 th Annual Global Plastics Summit (GPS) 2018, October 30 – November 1, in Chicago. Experts from IHS Markit and the Plastics Industry Association will discuss the latest market outlooks from key industry sectors, and will feature senior business leaders sharing their companies’ strategies for success and innovators presenting the latest in plastics technologies.Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

Bob Maughon, R&D vice president, Packaging and Specialty Plastics and Hydrocarbons, The Dow Chemical Company, will discuss sustainability as a catalyst for innovation in packaging. Don Thomson, president of The Center for Regenerative Design and Collaboration, will address turning plastic waste into building blocks.

The biodegradable polymers industry is affected by several major drivers in the environmental area: solid-waste disposal patterns, existing and potential legislation, and consumer attitudes and behavior. The evolution of these factors and their impact on the biodegradable polymers industry differ in each region of the world.

In the U.S., landfilling is the most common method of municipal solid waste (MSW) disposal.

According to the U.S. EPA, landfill accounted for 53 percent of total MSW in 2014 (the most recent year for which data is available). Materials recycling accounted for 26 percent, and combustion with energy recovery at 13 percent were next in order of importance. Composting accounted for 9 percent of MSW disposal.

Composting has the potential to become a more important means of MSW disposal, especially for food waste and yard trimmings.Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

According to the IHS Markit report, together, these two categories of waste accounted for 28 percent of U.S. MSW generation in 2014! In the case of yard trimmings, 31 percent of the waste generated was landfilled, while 61 percent was composted, and the remaining 8 percent was combusted with energy recovery.

Composting of plastics waste was negligible in 2014. Landfill was the primary method of disposal, responsible for 75 percent of plastics waste in the U.S. Combustion with energy recovery was 15 percent, and recycling accounted for 9 percent of the remainder.

“Biodegradable or compostable polymers can play a role in diverting waste from landfills. For example, biodegradable pods for single-serve coffee makers simplify disposal of used capsules; compostable trash bags can control odors, minimize mess, discourage pests, and otherwise reduce the ‘yuck’ factor associated with residential composting programs,” Hackett said.Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

“Diverting organic waste from landfill reduces emissions of methane—which is a potent greenhouse gas. We at IHS Markit expect biodegradable or compostable plastics will increasingly be an important part of the sustainability solution, but much of their advancement and adoption will depend on legislation as well as consumer attitudes and behavior.”

Concerns about plastic waste in the environment are contributing to demand for biodegradable polymers worldwide. In 2015, China’s Jilin Province issued a ban on non-biodegradable plastic bags and food service items, boosting bioplastics manufacturing in China. In addition to local policies, there are also favorable policies for biodegradable polymers at the national level.

In India, the biodegradable polymer market is still at a preliminary stage, with few players in the segment.Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

However, India seems to be taking the lead in Asia as it relates to plastic bag bans, although enforcement is sometimes questionable. In 2012, the Delhi government issued an order imposing a ban on the use, storage, sale and manufacture of single-use plastic carrier (shopping) bags in the city.Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

In other parts of the country, use of these bags is a finable offense, but despite this, change is, as of yet, barely visible on the ground. India has a significant challenge with plastic pollution and mismanaged municipal waste.

The major manufacturers of biodegradable polymers include NatureWorks (a joint venture of Cargill and PTT Global Chemical), Novamont, BASF, and PTT MCC Biochem Co., Ltd., a joint venture of PTT Public Company Ltd. (the parent of PTT Global Chemical) and Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation.Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

In addition, TOTAL Corbion PLA, a joint venture of energy producer TOTAL and lactic-acid producer Corbion, plans to start up a world-scale polylactic-acid facility in Thailand by the end of 2018. The U.S. accounts for the bulk of production for these polymers, but Thailand, with its proximity to growing markets in Southeast Asia, its expanding bio-economy, favorable investment climate, stable government, and access to cost-effective sugarcane feedstocks for fermentation, is becoming an increasingly important contributor to the biodegradable polymers market, the IHS Markit report said.

To speak with Marifaith Hackett or IHS Markit report co-authors Takeshi Masuda and Lei Zeng, please contact Melissa Manning at melissa.manning@ihsmarkit.com, or press@ihsmarkit.com. For more information about the IHS Markit Chemical Economics Handbook: Biodegradable Polymers Report, please contact jennifer.eyring@ihsmarkit.com.

About IHS Markit ( www.ihsmarkit.com )

IHS Markit (Nasdaq: INFO) is a world leader in critical information, analytics and solutions for the major industries and markets that drive economies worldwide. The company delivers next-generation information, analytics and solutions to customers in business, finance and government, improving their operational efficiency and providing deep insights that lead to well-informed, confident decisions.Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

IHS Markit has more than 50,000 business and government customers, including 80 percent of the Fortune Global 500 and the world’s leading financial institutions. Headquartered in London, IHS Markit is committed to sustainable, profitable growth.

IHS Markit is a registered trademark of IHS Markit Ltd. and/or its affiliates. All other company and product names may be trademarks of their respective owners © 2018 IHS Markit Ltd. All rights reserved.Plastic Regulations Bans Increase Biodegradable Polymers

View source version on businesswire.com:https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20180726005162/en/

CONTACT: IHS Markit

Melissa Manning

+1 713-906-2901

melissa.manning@ihsmarkit.com

or

Press Team

+1 303-305-8021

press@ihsmarkit.com

KEYWORD: UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES EUROPE NORTH AMERICA TEXAS

INDUSTRY KEYWORD: PUBLIC POLICY/GOVERNMENT OTHER GOVERNMENT OTHER POLICY ISSUES MANUFACTURING CHEMICALS/PLASTICS PACKAGING OTHER MANUFACTURING ENVIRONMENT

SOURCE: IHS Markit

Copyright Business Wire 2018.

http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20180726005162/en

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Karl Mayer yarn warping machines Highsun

Karl Mayer’s yarn warping machines a hit at Highsun   Karl Mayer yarn warping machines Highsun

Karl Mayer yarn warping machines Highsun
Courtesy: Karl Mayer

Karl Mayer’s warping machines for yarns have been in huge demand in recent years at Highsun, one of the world’s largest company groups specialising in the polymerisation and spinning of polyamide and in the production of spandex, headquartered in China. Karl Mayer is a leading manufacturer of warp knitting and warp preparation machines, based in Germany. Karl Mayer yarn warping machines Highsun

Highsun relies on many years of experience in direct warping. An early subsidiary of the company, the GuiFuRen Company, began warping spandex in 1994 using one of the first elastane warping machines supplied by Karl Mayer.Karl Mayer yarn warping machines Highsun

Managers in warp knitting companies were increasingly coming to the conclusion that high-quality warp beams could have a clear, positive influence on their production, but they also knew that extensive experience, technical knowledge, and innovative machines were needed. Karl Mayer yarn warping machines Highsun

For this reason, in 2011, Highsun invested in a large number of Karl Mayer’s warping machines for processing warp beams with elastane yarns, and set up its own warp knitting and warping department. Its customers could obtain high-quality warp beams for warp knitting direct from Highsun. Karl Mayer yarn warping machines Highsun

20 of Karl Mayer’s elastane warping machines, types DSE HH and DSE 21/21 EC, are currently running in Highsun’s factories. Yarns having counts of from 18 to 640 den can be processed on these warp preparation machines, and beams carrying between 30 and 1,090 warp yarns can be warped. The company also invested in a number of DS 50/32 DNC direct warping machines at the end of 2017 to enable it to produce super-sized beams. Karl Mayer yarn warping machines Highsun

The DSE HH and the DSE 21/21 EC produce warp beams from elastane and deliver an exceptional level of performance. Their vertical process management system enables even very fine yarns to be processed gently, the freely running yarn permits the machines to be operated easily, and the machines are extremely flexible in terms of the stretching conditions.Karl Mayer yarn warping machines Highsun

Stretching of the warp yarns on the beam can be selected from between 15 and 100 per cent and is adjusted in three stretching zones.Karl Mayer yarn warping machines Highsun
In the pre-stretching zone, the yarn coming from the creel is stretched by between 50 and 210 per cent.Karl Mayer yarn warping machines Highsun
Following this, the yarns pass via a positively driven overrun roller system in an intermediate zone, where they can contract again. In the final stretching zone, the yarn is given its final stretch up to the winding point, and this may be between 15 and 100 per cent. (GK)

Source :  Fibre2Fashion News Desk – India

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Sinopec raised August MEG prices East China CNY600 tonne

Sinopec raised August MEG prices in East China by CNY600 per tonne   Sinopec raised August MEG prices East China CNY600 tonne

Sinopec raised August MEG prices East China CNY600 tonneMOSCOW – China China Petroleum & Chemical Corp. (Sinopec), the largest oil refining company in Asia, on July 26 in eastern China raised the August 2005 selling price of monoethylene glycol (MEG) in China by 600 yuan (CNY) or USD89 per tonne compared to the previous month, ICIS source in the company said.

Thus, the August prices of the company’s MEGs in the region will be at the level of CNY7,900 or USD1,167 per tonne next month.Sinopec raised August MEG prices East China CNY600 tonne

Prices of MEG in China are growing at the present time on the background of an improvement in the situation in the downstream markets and the fall in the national currency rate.Sinopec raised August MEG prices East China CNY600 tonne

So, spot quotes of MEG in China on July 25 were in the range CNY 7 410-7 490 or USD 1 046-1 056 per ton, and on July 2, at CNY7,080-7,130 or USD1,094-1,117 per ton.

The company manages four MEG plants with a total capacity of 1.84 million tons per year.

MEG is one of the main raw materials for the production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET).Sinopec raised August MEG prices East China CNY600 tonne

According to the Price Review of ICIS-MRC , this week there were practically no free spot volumes of PET of Russian production on the market.

The trend of lower prices in the Chinese market continues. Demand for the material in August will be lower than the July level, but still at a good level. For the Russian PET producers, the outgoing season was very good.Sinopec raised August MEG prices East China CNY600 tonne

Plant Ekopet plans to start selling spot volumes of the August operating time next week. Prices have not yet been announced.Sinopec raised August MEG prices East China CNY600 tonne

Sinopec Corp. is one of the world’s largest integrated energy and chemical companies. Business Sinopec Corp. includes oil and gas exploration, production and transportation of oil and gas, refining, petrochemical production, production of mineral fertilizers and other chemical products.Sinopec raised August MEG prices East China CNY600 tonne

By the volume of oil processing capacities of Sinopec Corp. occupies the second place in the world, the volume of ethylene capacity – the fourth.

mrcplast.ru

Author:                Margarita Volkova

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Recycled volumes affecting PE demand Europe

Recycled volumes could be affecting PE demand in Europe – producer   Recycled volumes affecting PE demand Europe 

 Source:ICIS News

Recycled volumes affecting PE demand Europe LONDON (ICIS)-Recycled polyethylene (PE) supply could be affecting demand in the European virgin market, according to a producer on Friday, at least if we consider only mechanically recycled PE.Recycled volumes affecting PE demand Europe

“The overall scenario is that more recycled material is available,” it said.

PE demand has been slow in the second half of July, and several reasons could be contributing to this.Recycled volumes affecting PE demand Europe

The attitude of several buyers has gradually become more speculative in the last couple of years, said the producer.Recycled volumes affecting PE demand Europe

They are building up stock of some grades when prices are very low and several spot actions are done by PE producers, typically in the last quarter of each year.

On top of this, the expectation of new imports from North American capacities is ever present, supporting hand-to-mouth buying, as few players expect higher prices to come.

Another element that many players have not seriously considered is the amount of recycled material available in the market.Recycled volumes affecting PE demand Europe

“The latest data from 2016 shows 3.8m tonnes of mechanical recyclates PE, of which 2m stay in Europe. Most of this is actually for non-film applications,” the producer said, adding that film applications cover the biggest share of PE demand.

Film is not widely recycled at present.Recycled volumes affecting PE demand Europe

“The trouble is statistics on recyclates are something pretty new and not yet homogenous. What is recyclate? Is it a bale that is ready for recycling? Is it a granule ready for re-use? Is it scrap? What about the severe rules with which virgin PE safety data sheets are prepared? Have we been over-cautious up to now?” the producer went on to say.

“I think a lot of topics have still to be clarified, we need homogeneity on definitions even at EU level.”Recycled volumes affecting PE demand Europe

Some producers are actively looking at the prospect of chemical recovery of feedstocks in the search for a circular economy, but this is not yet commercially viable.

What sources do agree on is that recycling has the power to affect PE growth in future, but the recycling industry is having difficulty keeping up with consumer demands.

By 
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Tree Fibers Crab Shells Bioplastic Film Food Packaging  

Tree Fibers Crab Shells Bioplastic Film Food Packaging

Chitin is a fibrous substance found in crab and shrimp shells, and the last time we looked at the stuff, Chinese scientists were using it to make an eco-friendly adhesive.

Now researchers at Georgia Tech’s School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering are using chitin, along with cellulose from tree fibers, to make a transparent bioplastic.

Specifically, they’ve been able to form these ingredients into a transparent and flexible film that they envision being used for food packaging.Tree Fibers Crab Shells Bioplastic Film Food Packaging  

According to Science Daily, “The main benchmark that we compare it to is PET, or polyethylene terephthalate, one of the most common petroleum-based materials in the transparent packaging you see in vending machines and soft drink bottles,” said J.

Carson Meredith, a professor in Georgia Tech’s School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering.Tree Fibers Crab Shells Bioplastic Film Food Packaging  
“Our material showed up to a 67 percent reduction in oxygen permeability over some forms of PET, which means it could in theory keep foods fresher longer.”
Tree Fibers Crab Shells Bioplastic Film Food Packaging

Image credit: Allison Carter, Georgia Tech

… Environmentalists have long looked for renewable ways to replace petroleum-based materials in consumer products. With the amount of cellulose already produced and a ready supply of chitin-rich byproducts left over from the shellfish food industry, there’s likely more than enough material available to make the new films a viable flexible-packaging alternative, Meredith said.

The next challenge will be scaling up the production process; while technology to extract cellulose from wood already exists, cost-effective chitin-processing machines do not.

It will likely be up to manufacturing engineers, and a deep-pocketed, environmentally conscious corporation to back them, to make crab/tree bioplastics a reality.

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Bio-Plastics Market Curbing Environmental Degradation  

Bio-Plastics Market: Rising Need For Curbing Environmental Degradation To Soar Market Growth   Bio-Plastics Market Curbing Environmental Degradation 

Bio-Plastics Market Curbing Environmental Degradation Growing environmental concerns have resulted in a plastic ban in most of the countries, thereby provoking a huge demand for bio-plastics market. The massive product applications witnessed in grocery bags, disposable cutlery, pots, food containers, bowls, crockery, electronic casings, and straws can be attributed to its biodegradable & low GHG emitting features.

The escalating pollution crisis arising due to the rampant use of plastics along with increasing consciousness pertaining to depletion of fossil fuels has promoted the comprehensive search for suitable as well as sustainable alternatives to plastics. Research has proved that the bio-based plastic products can be used to manufacture bio-polyester shirts and weather proof jackets.

Reports state that Parkesine was the first man-made bio-plastic produced from cellulose. Later, scientists had developed bio-plastics from casein and bacterium Bacillus megaterium. In the first half of the twentieth century, Henry Ford made use of soybeans for manufacturing car parts.Bio-Plastics Market Curbing Environmental Degradation  

In a major boost to the bio-plastics industry, Researchers at International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics are focusing their research on Sorghum and group of microbial minions for producing bio-plastics.Bio-Plastics Market Curbing Environmental Degradation  

They are of the view that Sorghum cultivars such as ICSV 18542 and RICH 28 have more biomass yields as well as high rationality, thereby making them more preferable for developing bio-plastics over sugarcane bagasse.Bio-Plastics Market Curbing Environmental Degradation  

One of the researchers working at ICRISAT has claimed sorghum to be more efficient, cost-effective, and sustainable material for manufacturing bio-plastics as compared to sugarcane bagasse.Bio-Plastics Market Curbing Environmental Degradation  

This month, researchers at the Eindhoven University of Technology declared to have launched its first car completely manufactured from Bio-plastics.

For the record, the weight of the car without batteries is estimated at 360 kg, which is nearly half the mass of a normal car.Bio-Plastics Market Curbing Environmental Degradation  

The chassis of the car is produced from sugars, while its complete body is produced from polylactide acid. Reliable sources claim the automobile is likely to be totally recyclable as well as weather-proof.Bio-Plastics Market Curbing Environmental Degradation  

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VELOX and SK Chemicals announce newly developed transparent bio-plastic    VELOX SK Chemicals announce developed transparent bio-plastic

Formosa shutter Delaware specialty PVC plant

Formosa to shutter Delaware specialty PVC plant   Formosa shutter Delaware specialty PVC plant

Source:ICIS News

HOUSTON (ICIS)–Formosa Plastics USA said on Friday that it is closing a specialty polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resin plant in Delaware at the end of September and will decommission the site by year-end.

Formosa shutter Delaware specialty PVC plantThe closure of the Delaware City, Delaware plant will affect about 100 workers, the company said in a prepared statement.

The 50-year-old facility has a nameplate capacity of about 65,000 tonne/year of dispersion-grade resins, used for flexible applications of PVC, such as floor tile, sealants and other uses.Formosa shutter Delaware specialty PVC plant

Those operations will now be performed at the company’s Point Comfort, Texas complex with a capacity of 850,000 tonne/year.Formosa shutter Delaware specialty PVC plant

Point Comfort is a new and more efficient plant with recent expansions, the company said in its statement, declining further comment.Formosa shutter Delaware specialty PVC plant

US market participants said that the closure of the plant has been expected, but that it took longer to prepare the Point Comfort production than anticipated.

The 400-acre (162-ha) site in Delaware City has been the site of pollution complaints.

Beside, Formosa, major US PVC  producers include Occidental Chemical, Westlake Chemical and Shintech.Formosa shutter Delaware specialty PVC plant

By
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Petron oil refinery expansion completion 2022

Petron refinery expansion eyed for completion in 2022    Petron oil refinery expansion completion 2022

By Myrna M. Velasco

The upgrade and expansion of Petron Corporation’s Limay oil refinery – by another 100,000 to 120,000 barrels per day capacity – is targeted on stream by year 2022, according to company President and Chief Executive Officer Ramon S. Ang.

Petron oil refinery expansion completion 2022

Ramon S. Ang

Upon completion, Ang noted that the refinery will already yield liquid fuels of 270,000 to 300,000 barrels per day and will be among the most advanced refineries in the Asian region. The Petron Limay refinery currently has 180,000 barrels of oil per day capacity.

The extent of capital outlay for the project, according to the company chief executive, will be firmed up “in the next two months,” but previous calculations have been placing it to be higher than the US$2.0-billion capital spend in the refinery’s upgrade in recent years.

Just this week, it was announced that the Petron refinery’s upgrade will be equipped with technologies to be supplied by New York Stock Exchange-listed firm Honeywell UOP.Petron oil refinery expansion completion 2022

In a press statement, the US technology provider indicated that the programmed upgrade on the Petron refinery “will increase production of motor fuels and aromatics.”

Executives of the oil firm announced in May that capital spending of P10 billion will be initially funneled on the refinery upgrade as well as retail network expansion of the country’s leading oil firm.Petron oil refinery expansion completion 2022

According to Honeywell UOP, “when the project is completed, the refinery will produce 75,000 barrels per day of refined fuels and 1.0 million tons per annum of aromatics, increasing its capacity by 55-percent.”Petron oil refinery expansion completion 2022

On its deal with Petron, Honeywell UOP emphasized that it will be providing “the basic engineering design; licensing and services for a condensate fractionation unit; naphtha hydrotreater and UOP CCR platforming; sulfolane, liquefied petroleum gas and kerosene Merox; and distillate unionfining units.”

The Illinois-headquartered firm explained that these technologies “will enable Petron to meet growing domestic demand for motor fuels by upgrading 100,000 barrels per day of condensates and light crude oils to aromatics and automotive fuels.”

John Gugel, vice president and general manager of Honeywell UOP’s process technology and equipment business, qualified that “this is a major expansion of refining capacity in the Philippines,” one that will satisfy the market’s need for cleaner burning gasoline and diesel.Petron oil refinery expansion completion 2022

Moreover, the expansion will “add a second aromatics train for Petron so it can better meet the growing demand for those products in the region.”Petron oil refinery expansion completion 2022

On the technologies to be supplied by the American firm, it specified that the CCR platforming process will be utilized in producing reformate “for high octane, low sulfur gasoline and aromatics, and is a reliable, continuous source of high purity hydrogen for the production of other fuel products.”Petron oil refinery expansion completion 2022

In unison, the ‘sulfolane’ process entails the recovery of “high purity benzene and toluene from reformate,” while the Merox process “treats the naphtha feedstock to meet product specifications; while distillate unionfining deals with hydrotreating process that removes contaminants from feed streams.Petron oil refinery expansion completion 2022

Benzene in particular is a feedstock to produce tires, detergents, solvent dyes, and cosmetics among others; while toluene is used for producing dyes, foam and jogging shoes, to name a few.Petron oil refinery expansion completion 2022
Petron remains as the Philippines’ biggest downstream oil industry player; while also making inroads as significant market force on its Malaysian operations.

Related Topics

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Monforts Riopele fabrics synthetic natural recycled fibres

Two-way trust for Monforts and Riopele   Monforts Riopele fabrics synthetic natural recycled fibres

Having only invested in what is now the largest Monforts Montex stenter installation in Europe three years ago, Portugal’s Riopele has placed a new order for a further machine of similar dimensions to be delivered before the end of 2018.

As the owner and third-generation chairman of Riopele – a company established by his grandfather with just two water looms in 1927 – José Alexandre Oliveira has adopted a successful strategy of forming much stronger ties with both customers and suppliers in recent years.Monforts Riopele fabrics synthetic natural recycled fibres

The company’s customers include some of the biggest high-end and luxury brands, including Armani, Hugo Boss, Burberry, Calvin Klein, Karl Lagerfeld, Massimo Dutti, Paul Smith, Versace, Max Mara, Victoria Beckham, Sandro and Maje.

Monforts Riopele fabrics synthetic natural recycled fibres

“We now have a closeness with these customers that would have been inconceivable six or seven years ago, and it’s based on how the industry has changed over that period, and the two-way trust that is necessary today, to ensure our mutual success,” said Mr Oliveira. “We endeavour to be ahead of the field, and key drivers for us are currently the new possibilities offered by Industry 4.0 and digitisation, in addition to the push towards a circular economy.”Monforts Riopele fabrics synthetic natural recycled fibres

Between 2012 and 2016 the company, with 1,025 employees, achieved an average annual turnover of EUR 71 million with an EBITDA margin of 8.5%. In 2017, Riopele enjoyed its best year to date, with sales climbing to EUR 74 million and an EBITDA of 15%. The headcount at the plant in Pousada de Saramagos near Porto has meanwhile increased to 1,069 people.Monforts Riopele fabrics synthetic natural recycled fibres

Vertical

Entirely vertically integrated, from raw material to finished fabric, Riopele has a monthly output of around 700,000 metres of fabrics based on synthetic, natural and recycled fibres, with a specialisation in polyester, viscose and elastane blends. Production is 24 hours a day, over three shifts and the company’s key fabric brands are Çeramica, Çeramica Clean, Tecnosilk and Tenowa.Monforts Riopele fabrics synthetic natural recycled fibres

 Monforts Riopele fabrics synthetic natural recycled fibres

Riopele’s strategy of close partnerships also extends to its technology suppliers. Over an area of 140,000 square metres, the four-hub Pousada de Saramagos plant is equipped with some 30,000 spindles, ten winding machines and over 60 twisting machines, as well as 204 weaving machines.Monforts Riopele fabrics synthetic natural recycled fibres

Partnership

A long-standing partner with Monforts, Riopele has a variety of the German machine builder’s equipment, and dominating the finishing department is the latest Montex stenter, with 12 chambers and a full installation length of some 70-metres. The line was installed as part of a EUR 14 million investment programme between 2014-16.

“This stenter combines production efficiency with excellent energy efficiency, ensuring a continuous production flow with a positive impact in terms of delivery time,” commented Fernando Araújo, of Maquicontrolo, the Monforts agent for Portugal. “Monforts worked closely with Riopele’s technicians on the special design, which has a number of unique features designed according to their specifications. These include, for example, special J-boxes at the stenter’s inlet and outlet, for the gentle storage of a high volume of material. The special heat recovery system was also tailored specifically to the company’s needs, based on detailed calculations.”

The next ten-chamber Monforts Montex stenter, which is currently being built will be operational in 2019, as part of a new EUR 10 million investment plan. “We need close relationships with the suppliers of our equipment, who we know to be the best in the world,” said Mr Oliveira.Monforts Riopele fabrics synthetic natural recycled fibres

“When partners like Monforts develop something new, we trust them to tell us about it straight away so we can incorporate it into our forward planning.

Technology and people

“It’s no longer like in the past, when you would wait until the next ITMA to discover what they were unveiling.Monforts Riopele fabrics synthetic natural recycled fibres

This is just the same as the expectation from the brands – they can no longer show garments that will be available in six months’ or a year’s time, because consumers are now geared to having things they want immediately. These expectations have totally changed how everyone operates along the entire supply chain,” said Mr Oliveira.

“Our ongoing investment in technology is critical to keeping ahead in the market, but just as critical is our investment in our people. Building on our know-how of 91 years and passing it on to the coming generation is of extreme importance. This is being achieved through our internship programme, research and development programmes with research centres and universities, and special initiatives such as open space R&D hub, bringing together our research, development and product engineering teams. All of this equips us for future success.”

www.monforts.de

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Technology Oil Industry hydraulic fracturing horizontal drilling

Technology Revolutionizing the Oil Industry  Technology Oil Industry hydraulic fracturing horizontal drilling 

Technology Oil Industry hydraulic fracturing horizontal drilling First, hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling made the shale oil industry economically viable; now new technology and smarter design are about to make the offshore oil industry competitive with it. New offshore projects are targeting costs of about $35 to $40 a barrel, which would compete with the lowest-cost shale resources. One cost cutting measure is due to the range of tiebacks—pipes that carry crude oil from the drill site to the platform—increasing in the past few years due to new subsea pump technology.Technology Oil Industry hydraulic fracturing horizontal drilling

Tiebacks as long as 60 miles may be part of the future of the offshore oil industry. Tiebacks that feed an existing platform can save about $12 a barrel compared with the cost of building a new platform.Technology Oil Industry hydraulic fracturing horizontal drilling

Two companies, Chevron and BP, have cut operating expenses in the Gulf by about 50 percent since 2013 by using standardized equipment, applying better technology, eliminating inefficiencies, and selling higher-cost assets.

Shale Oil Basins

Shale oil basins in Texas and North Dakota are making these two states the top oil producing states in the United States.Technology Oil Industry hydraulic fracturing horizontal drilling

Production from the Permian Basin of West Texas and New Mexico is expected to more than double over the next five years, to 5.4 million barrels a day—more than that produced by any OPEC member other than Saudi Arabia.

The Energy Information Administration forecasts that shale oil from the Permian Basin in Texas alone will account for 50 percent of all new global oil production over the next five years. The growth will come from nearly 41,000 new wells and $308 billion in spending during 2018 to 2023.Technology Oil Industry hydraulic fracturing horizontal drilling

In the past 24 months, production from the Permian Basin alone has grown more than that of any other entire country in world.Technology Oil Industry hydraulic fracturing horizontal drilling

Oil in these shale basins is produced using hydraulic fracturing, in which sand, water, and chemicals are pumped into the shale rock under high pressure to break open the rock, and then drilling horizontally to reach the oil or natural gas trapped inside.

Fracking uses grains of sand to prop open the newly formed cracks so that gas or oil can flow out. The first fracked well used 229,000 pounds of sand. Today, a large contemporary well could require 30 million pounds of sand. The volume of water needed has also increased.

Offshore Wells

Offshore oil wells out-perform shale oil wells. In the Permian shale oil basin, a top-performing shale well produces about 2,000 barrels of oil daily for several weeks and then declines, while in the Gulf of Mexico, offshore oil fields produce as much as 100,000 barrels a day for decades.Technology Oil Industry hydraulic fracturing horizontal drilling

At the Jack/St. Malo offshore platform—a floating steel structure the size of three football fields located about 200 miles off the Louisiana coast—giant underwater pipelines carry crude from three oil fields about 15 miles away in different directions from the platform. Unlike old-style platforms that pump oil from a field directly below, this arrangement lets the Jack/St. Malo pump more than 3,000 gallons of crude a minute from the three fields.

Oil companies are drilling offshore wells. Shell is expected to build a deep-water platform named Vito—a project that was reengineered after the 2014 oil-price crash and Chevron’s Big Foot is expecting to produce its first oil by the end of the year. BP’s Mad Dog 2 is in development mode. It was originally designed in 2012 to be the biggest platform in the world with a projected cost of $20 billion.

Because of its high cost, the platform was redesigned, stripping out features and cutting the cost to $9 billion. Much lower world oil prices beginning in 2014 contributed to companies’ attempts to lower costs and increase efficiencies.

Source: Bloomberg

Conclusion

U.S. crude oil output is expected to average 10.7 million barrels of oil per day in 2018, exceeding the highest average production on record. The United States is already the world’s largest producer of natural gas and is forecast to surpass Russia and Saudi Arabia as the world’s largest producer of crude oil in the near future. Helping to meet that target are lower offshore well expenses and an administration that wants to open offshore areas to oil exploration. Currently, 94 percent of the U.S. outer continental shelf is closed to oil and gas exploration and production. It is clear that these multi-decade projects need to get the go-ahead now in order to contribute to U.S. energy and economic security well into the future.

Source : 

Related  Topics

– Oil prices spike after Saudi halts shipments after attack    Oil prices spike Saudi halts shipments attack

Catalysing refining process Honeywell UOP hydrocarbons

Special Report: Editor’s comment: Catalysing the refining process   Catalysing refining process Honeywell UOP hydrocarbons

by Martin Menachery 

Catalysing refining process Honeywell UOP hydrocarbons
Catalysing refining process Honeywell UOP hydrocarbons
Martin Menachery, editor, Refining & Petrochemicals Middle East.
A catalyst can drive a differential performance for customers without much capex investments and the returns to the customers are huge.The role of catalysts in the downstream industry is mainly to help refiners achieve fuel standards, enhance operational efficiency, upgrade conversion and selectivity, and progress the green trends.Catalysing refining process Honeywell UOP hydrocarbons

The refining industry aims at developing cost-effective technologies, which support compliance with industry specifications.Catalysing refining process Honeywell UOP hydrocarbons

It is also important to note that elements originating from the economic, environmental, legislative and social fronts drive the downstream industry to produce catalysts that ensure higher quality fuels.Catalysing refining process Honeywell UOP hydrocarbons

Honeywell UOP is the ‘Knowledge Partner’ (pages 32-33) for this Special Report on catalysts. I take this opportunity to express my gratitude to Honeywell UOP for becoming our Knowledge Partner and sharing valuable information on the current trends and future potential of refinery catalysts.Catalysing refining process Honeywell UOP hydrocarbons

Through its column, Honeywell UOP demonstrates how it is an innovator and enabler in the catalytic processing of hydrocarbons.Catalysing refining process Honeywell UOP hydrocarbons

The company has the widest offering of licensed technologies for the refining and petrochemicals manufacturing industry.Catalysing refining process Honeywell UOP hydrocarbons

Its core offerings are for the refineries, integrated with petrochemical complexes in many cases, and aromatics and propane dehydrogenation (PDH) units.

Honeywell UOP also has many natural gas processing technologies to remove contaminants including sulphur, water, carbon dioxide and mercury. The company’s technologies also facilitate recovery of natural gas liquids for use as fuels and valuable petrochemical feedstocks.Catalysing refining process Honeywell UOP hydrocarbons

Honeywell UOP has been helping the downstream industry to achieve operational excellence for 11 decades.Catalysing refining process Honeywell UOP hydrocarbons

The company has typically done this in the historic service model in which it sends its service people to the customer sites.Catalysing refining process Honeywell UOP hydrocarbons

These service personnel evaluate the site to determine ways to improve uptime, reliability, and efficiency by the use of a new catalyst, or a process technology, or just by tuning the unit operations.Catalysing refining process Honeywell UOP hydrocarbons

According to the latest market research reports, and as detailed in the ‘Market Focus’ (pages 30-31) column of this Special Report, the global catalyst market is booming and is forecasted to reach $33bn per annum this year. Developments in refining, petrochemicals and chemicals as well as environmental factors are increasing the demand for higher performance catalysts and catalyst producers are introducing enhanced products to meet this demand.

Catalyst producers are continuing to develop enhanced versions of their products to meet not only changing regulations, but also the landscape of the refining/petrochemicals sectors – changing feedstocks, higher quality products, higher unit output to maximise profit, to name but a few – the latest generation catalysts will help meet these new challenges.

Research by Euro Petroleum Consultants has shown that the refining catalyst markets in North America, Western Europe and Japan are maturing, although the continued introduction of new catalysts will sustain a growth. Asia-Pacific, the Middle East and Africa are the developing markets with the highest growth rates offering great opportunities for new business.

As explained by Valentin Kotlomin of Euro Petroleum Consultants in the ‘Last Word’ (page 35) column of this Special Report, there is another group of catalytic processes out there that could, provided it gains traction among refiners, fundamentally change the catalyst market structure – the slurry processes. The process catalysts for these processes come in the form of fine powder, mainly made up of sulphides of transition metals, such as nickel, vanadium and molybdenum.Catalysing refining process Honeywell UOP hydrocarbons

An unmatched advantage of slurry processes is that those provide very high – up to 95% – yield of light petroleum products from the heavy bottoms. The cost of the catalysts involved in these processes for refiners is not significant – only up to $1.5 per barrel of feedstock as per the estimates of process licensors. Nevertheless, should slurry processing become popular, the catalysts may take up a sizable share of the market.

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Trade tensions output rise impact oil prices

Oil price of $80 per barrel would be tough to achieve

Source :

Fareed Rahman, Senior Reporter

Trade tensions output rise impact oil pricesAbu Dhabi: Oil prices are likely to trend lower this week due to the rise in trade tensions as well as the ramping of oil production by major oil producers like Saudi Arabia and Russia, experts said.

Saudi Arabia, along with UAE, Kuwait and Russia, are increasing production close to one million barrels per day in line with an agreement reached between Opec (Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) and non-Opec members last month in Vienna.

The aim of the deal is to cool down oil prices, which have spiked to $80 (Dh294) per barrel in May following an increase in demand and geopolitical tensions in the Middle East, including US president Donald Trump’s decision to reimpose nuclear related sanctions on Iran.

“Trade tensions, which have been growing during the past three months, have increasingly led to worries that global growth and demand may suffer, especially among emerging market economies already challenged by the combination of a stronger dollar and a rising cost of servicing debt in dollars,” said Ole Hansen, head of commodity strategy at Saxo Bank.

Easing of supply disruptions from countries such as Libya and Canada and reports that Saudi Arabia, UAE and Kuwait have already begun ramping up production and exports also led to drop in oil prices.

“Brent crude oil is likely to settle into a low 70s to low 80s range for now. The downside looks protected by the continued risk to supplies despite increased production from some Opec members and Russia.”

“Oil price of $80 per barrel has already proved a tough nut to crack and the trade war leading to lower growth narrative should continue to offer limited buying appetite above this level.”

Bearish outlook

Brent, the global benchmark fell by 0.34 per cent to trade at $74.29 per barrel when markets closed on Friday. US crude West Texas Intermediate was down by 1.32 per cent at $68.89 per barrel.

Ehsan Khoman, Director, Head of Mena Research and Strategy at MUFG Bank also predicted bearish outlook for oil prices in the medium-term due to re-emergence of oversupply in the market as well as higher shale oil production.

But, in the near term, there is an upside risks of Brent and WTI exceeding north of $85 per barrel and $80 per barrel, respectively, in the third quarter of 2018, depending on the magnitude and duration of supply disruptions, added Khoman.

Disruption risks mainly stem from threats of Iran to close Strait of Hormuz and temporary suspensions of Saudi and Kuwaiti oil shipments via the Bab Al Mandeb strait.

Saudi Arabia announced halting of oil shipments through the Red Sea shipping lane after an attack on one of its oil tankers passing through Bab Al Mandeb strait last week.

Related Topics

-Oil prices spike after Saudi halts shipments after attack    Oil prices spike Saudi halts shipments attack

Waste concerned bioplastics plastics crisis plastic pollution

As far as waste is concerned, bioplastics are still plastics   Waste concerned bioplastics plastics crisis plastic pollution

Waste concerned bioplastics plastics crisis plastic pollutionIn the rush to find new solutions to our plastic crisis, we must not swap one problem for another, writes ClientEarth wildlife lawyer Tatiana Lujan

We are currently in a race against time to solve the crisis of plastic pollution.

Increasingly we’re learning that our natural world is quite literally drowning in a sea of the throwaway packaging for things we consume every day.Waste concerned bioplastics plastics crisis plastic pollution  

This ubiquitous man-made material is now being found in some of the most remote places on earth, where humans rarely venture. At the depths of our deepest oceans, in Antarctica, in rainwater, in the air we breathe.Waste concerned bioplastics plastics crisis plastic pollution  

In response, we are now also witnessing a tide of public concern, following widespread media coverage and dedicated television programs, such as David Attenborough’s Blue Planet series.Waste concerned bioplastics plastics crisis plastic pollution  

Slowly but surely, governments around the world are responding to this concern with bans and new policies and support, to regulate how companies package their products and to help change consumer behaviour.Waste concerned bioplastics plastics crisis plastic pollution  

Some industry voices have suggested bioplastics are the answer to the crisis, with reports of leading consumer companies urgently researching polymers from bio-based or plant-based sources as a way to package their products in a less environmentally damaging way.

While bioplastics may play a role, simply swapping petroleum-based plastics for bioplastics is a dangerous conclusion for the planet.Waste concerned bioplastics plastics crisis plastic pollution  

Firstly, how do we define this new material?

Bioplastics is a catch-all term for a range of polymers derived from bio-based sources. However, the name itself is contentious given concerns that it can mislead people into thinking it is always environmentally friendly.

Bioplastics can be made from a range of biomass sources, including plants and vegetables, as well as agricultural by-products, from sugar derivatives including starch, cellulose and lactic acid.Waste concerned bioplastics plastics crisis plastic pollution  

Some are more environmentally friendly than others, when you consider the different metrics for ‘green-ness’. Some still require petroleum in their manufacture and there are concerns from environmentalists regarding deforestation if all plastics were to be replaced with plastics made from trees.Waste concerned bioplastics plastics crisis plastic pollution  

But where it really starts getting messy is when we consider bioplastics as waste.

Some can be recycled, some cannot. Some bioplastics fully degrade while others only degrade into small fragments. Some can biodegrade but at different rates – some claim to be compostable but only in an industrial composting unit.

If product packaging made from bioplastics is marketed as being biodegradable and then put into the council compost by a well-meaning consumer, the compost is contaminated.

Many bioplastics would also contaminate council-collected plastic recycling batches, which would quite often result in more landfill being created.

Some bioplastics are designed to break down in the ocean but not soil and vice versa. So what will happen when plastics that are biodegradable under one situation escape to other environments where they do not biodegrade?Waste concerned bioplastics plastics crisis plastic pollution  

The risk here is more microplastic to be released into the environment.

This is not an argument for the status quo. On the contrary, petroleum-based plastic has, while delivering many efficiencies and advantages to modern life, created an environmental catastrophe.

Plastic makes up 85 per cent of the litter on European beaches, and half of this is ‘single-use plastic’ that is used only once for a short time.

Of course, it would be impossible to rid the planet of all single-use plastic items. In some cases, especially in the medical field, even single use plastics are vital to keep things sanitary and safe.Waste concerned bioplastics plastics crisis plastic pollution  

However, the vast majority of these items are not those littering the world’s beaches. Surely, the solution is not to swap a throwaway plastic item with a throwaway bioplastic one.Waste concerned bioplastics plastics crisis plastic pollution  

Take the plastic shopping bag as an example.

Following raging public debate about the number of bags washing up beaches around the world – permanent reminders of a shopping trip that may have only taken minutes to complete – some bioplastics companies made a fuss about how they could replace plastic shopping bags with bioplastic ones and try to limit the waste.

Meanwhile governments around the world have moved to ban them or tax them to change consumer behaviour. And change they did. In Britain plastic bag usage dropped by 85 per cent since a 5p charge was introduced.Waste concerned bioplastics plastics crisis plastic pollution  

Faced with an extra cost, people brought their own.

If we had listened to those bioplastic companies, it would just be bioplastic bags washing up on our beaches instead.Waste concerned bioplastics plastics crisis plastic pollution  

The point of externalities is an important one to make.

The current business model for many companies is to sell their products, with little or no concern for where their product packaging ends up. Their profits are based on selling these products but with society and the natural world bearing the cost for the disposal of their waste.Waste concerned bioplastics plastics crisis plastic pollution  

To fix the plastic crisis, we can’t rely on technological fixes alone. Instead, we will need strong regulation and increased behavioural change.

You can only really expect behavioural change when people have another option, but currently most people have no other option. Plastic-free options must be affordable and available for all.Waste concerned bioplastics plastics crisis plastic pollution  

Supported by strong public policy and have concerted efforts to end the use of unnecessary products.Waste concerned bioplastics plastics crisis plastic pollution  

We need to rethink how we use materials in our daily lives and start valuing the resources that go into them. The old maxim promoting the need to reduce first, re-use second, and recycle third has never been more apt.

Tatiana Lujan is a wildlife lawyer at ClientEarth

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China PP polypropylene falls trade war yuan

China PP falls amid trade war, yuan   China PP polypropylene falls trade war yuan

 Source:ICIS Chemical Business

China’s polypropylene (PP) import prices are under pressure amid the country’s escalating trade war with the US and the continued depreciation of the yuan against the US dollar.

On 20 July, PP prices were at $1,200-1,220/tonne CFR (cost & freight) China, down $15/tonne or 1.2% from the previous week, according to ICIS data. Prices have shed 3.2% from mid-June, the data showed.China PP polypropylene falls trade war yuan

Downstream demand is seasonally soft, with the weakness aggravated by concerns about the US’ proposed tariffs on additional $200bn worth Chinese imports. The new US tariffs, which are expected to include a host of plastic products from China, could take effect as soon as end-August after public consultations are completed, market players said.

China PP polypropylene falls trade war yuan

Chinese producers of plastic products are not accepting export orders amid uncertainties on US tariffs. On 6 July, the US imposed 25% tariffs on $34bn worth of Chinese goods, prompting a similar move by China, thus triggering the trade war between the world’s two biggest economies.China PP polypropylene falls trade war yuan

Downstream buyers are also afraid to buy PP import cargoes following the sharp depreciation of the Chinese yuan to the US dollar, an east China-based trader said.

The yuan’s slump is also an offshoot of the escalating US-China trade tensions. On 24 July, the Chinese yuan (CNY) was at CNY6.80 to the $1, shedding more than 6% of its value since the start of June, according to data from xe.com.

In the domestic market, spot PP flat yarn prices in east China on 20 July stood at CNY9,300/tonne, up CNY140/tonne week on week, and have been rising since end-June, according to ICIS data. Domestic prices have risen because of a higher futures pricing as well as tighter domestic supply. The local price of imported material last week after the 6.5% duty, 16% value-added tax (VAT) and a CNY150/tonne port fee stood at CNY1,0267/tonne, about CNY1,000/tonne more expensive that domestic PP flat yarn, the data showed.China PP polypropylene falls trade war yuan

China is a major importer of PP in Asia, with available supply to the market expected to grow in the coming months amid plant start-ups. This could exert further downward pressure on its import prices for PP.China PP polypropylene falls trade war yuan

“Sales have been slow this month. We expect new offers for August would decrease a bit,” a distributor from South Korea said.China PP polypropylene falls trade war yuan

S-Oil’s 405,000 tonne/year PP capacity in Ulsan, South Korea; and Shaanxi Yanchang Yan’an Energy‘s 250,000 tonne/year capacity in China are expected on stream in the third quarter.China PP polypropylene falls trade war yuan

“It [new supply will] must bring more supply pressure on the PP market in near future,” an east China-based trader said.China PP polypropylene falls trade war yuan

Falling prices in southeast Asia and Europe have also been exerting downward pressure on China’s PP market. In southeast Asia, spot PP flat yarn prices continued to fall as supply increased following the start-ups of Nghi Son Refinery and Petrochemical’s (NSRP) 400,000 tonne/year plant in Vietnam and the 200,000 tonne/year facility of Lotte Chemical Titan in Malaysia.

In Europe, prices of the material have started falling as supply-demand in the domestic market is balanced, resulting in a reduction in import volumes.

In the week ended 20 July, PP flat yarn prices in Vietnam were down $20/tonne week on week to $1,220-1,240/tonne CFR (cost & freight); while those in Europe declined €10/tonne.China PP polypropylene falls trade war yuan

Click here to see more on the trade war between China and the US

By Dora Xue
Related Topics

European naphtha-benzene spread strong feedstock lackluster aromatics

European naphtha-benzene spread narrows to nine-week low on strong feedstock, lackluster aromatics  European naphtha-benzene spread strong feedstock lackluster aromatics

Source : 

Author  Philip Reeder

Editor Maurice Geller

European naphtha-benzene spread strong feedstock lackluster aromaticsLondon — The spread between naphtha and benzene has fallen to a nine-week low as a result of strength in the feedstock naphtha market, coupled with lackluster fundamentals in the benzene market, according to S&P Global Platts data.

The 5-30 day forward benzene spot price was assessed at $860/mt CIF ARA and the naphtha CIF NWE cargo price at $656/mt on Thursday, placing the spread between the two prices at $204/mt, its narrowest point in nine weeks.

Benzene’s premium to naphtha was last assessed lower on May 25, when it dipped to $202/mt.

The lower premium to naphtha is in part a function of a stronger naphtha market, where cracks have strengthened despite stronger crude oil prices. The August CIF NWE naphtha crack swap rose 15 cents to minus $1.35/b at Thursday’s close, a value which represented a 29-week high for the paper instrument, which was last assessed higher at minus $1.20/mt on January 3, 2018.European naphtha-benzene spread strong feedstock lackluster aromatics

According to naphtha sources, a recent spate of buying from Europe’s petrochemical sector combined with profitable gasoline-blending margins has helped to clear a recent glut of product at the region’s prompt spot market.European naphtha-benzene spread strong feedstock lackluster aromatics

That demand has translated into stronger cash premiums across the complex, including grades of light virgin naphtha which in recent weeks have struggled to receive their usual levels of blender inquiry from the West African gasoline complex.

A stronger pull from the WAF region has LVN grades pegged in the double digits, which in turn has removed the pressure exerted by the highly paraffinic grade on open specification premiums.European naphtha-benzene spread strong feedstock lackluster aromatics

In the benzene market, however, market fundamentals have eased this month, following production issues in Europe at the end of June, which led to surging spot prices at the time.

Tightness has cleared in July, with the market well supplied, even in light of logistical difficulties as a result of low Rhine water levels.

Benzene demand has been lackluster as uptake from its main downstream market — styrene — has been slow.European naphtha-benzene spread strong feedstock lackluster aromatics

This outweighed demand for benzene from the downstream phenol and acetone markets, where production rates were heard to be firm.

Spot activity in the benzene market has been limited in Europe this week amid muted demand.European naphtha-benzene spread strong feedstock lackluster aromatics

–Philip Reeder, philip.reeder@spglobal.com

–Yuriko Kato, yuriko.kato@spglobal.com

–Edited by Maurice Geller, maurice.geller@spglobal.com

Related Topics

-Spot prices of benzene in Europe fell against the backdrop of falling oil quotes    Spot prices benzene Europe fell oil quotes

Oil prices spike Saudi halts shipments attack

Oil prices spike after Saudi halts shipments after attack    Oil prices spike Saudi halts shipments attack

Oil prices spike Saudi halts shipments attackDUBAI, United Arab Emirates (AP) — Oil prices rose to a 10-day high Thursday after Saudi Arabia’s state-owned oil company announced it was temporarily halting crude shipments through a strategic Red Sea shipping lane after Yemen’s Shiite rebels attacked two tankers in the strait the previous day.Oil prices spike Saudi halts shipments attack

Futures for Brent crude, the international oil benchmark, hit $74.83 per barrel before falling back in later day trading to $73.99, up 6 cents.

The spike came after Saudi Aramco, the kingdom’s oil giant, said it was stopping all oil shipments through the Bab El-Mandeb Strait, raising supply concerns.

Saudi Arabia, the world’s largest oil exporter, typically transports its oil from fields clustered in the east of the country around the Arabian Peninsula, then north through the Bab El-Mandeb Strait, and through the Red Sea and Suez Canal before on to Europe through the Mediterranean.Oil prices spike Saudi halts shipments attack

It can bypass the strait by moving oil across the country by pipeline and then loading it on to tankers at the Red Sea port of Yanbu, though at reduced output.

Paul Sheldon, chief geopolitical adviser at S&P Global Platts Analytics, said the Saudi move will likely force tankers on a longer trip around Africa.Oil prices spike Saudi halts shipments attack

“It should boost Med barrels, and could eventually raise Brent and other grades due to the higher requirement for volumes at sea,” he said in a statement.

Eastern Gulf nations like Kuwait, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates don’t have that option, however, and it was not immediately clear how they would react to the attack on the Saudi ships.Oil prices spike Saudi halts shipments attack

The Houthis, who are fighting a Saudi-led coalition backing Yemen’s internationally recognized government, attacked the 2-million-barrel capacity Saudi tankers on Wednesday, causing minimal damage to one.Oil prices spike Saudi halts shipments attack

The United Arab Emirates’ minister of state for foreign affairs, Anwar Gargash, said on Twitter the attack showed the need to take back the key port of Hodeida.

“The targeted attack on the Saudi oil tankers in the Red Sea confirms the necessity to liberate Hodeida from Houthi militias,” said Gargash, whose country is part of the Saudi-led coalition.Oil prices spike Saudi halts shipments attack

“This systematic attack is a terrorist act which shows the nature and aggression of the Houthis.”Oil prices spike Saudi halts shipments attack

Saudi Aramco said Thursday there were no injuries or spills and that shutting the route was a precautionary measure.Oil prices spike Saudi halts shipments attack

“In the interest of the safety of ships and their crews and to avoid the risk of oil spill, Saudi Aramco has temporarily halted all oil shipments through Bab El-Mandeb Strait with immediate effect,” it said. “The company is carefully assessing the situation and will take further action as prudence demands.”Oil prices spike Saudi halts shipments attack

The Bab el-Mandeb strait, which connects the Gulf of Aden to the Red Sea is only about 30 kilometers, or 20 miles, wide between Yemen and Djibouti, leaving ships more vulnerable as they pass through.Oil prices spike Saudi halts shipments attack

Following the attack, the Saudi coalition said the rebels “had almost caused an environmental disaster,” according to the state-run al-Ekhbariya TV channel.

Earlier, the rebel-run Al-Masirah TV said their “naval forces have targeted the Saudi Dammam battleship off the western coast.”Oil prices spike Saudi halts shipments attack

It later said the “battleship” was targeted using a missile and that the rebels attacked another boat belonging to the coalition.

Associated Press writer David Koenig contributed to this report from Dallas.

Related Topics

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Covestro signs polyurethane products normalisation

Covestro raises full-year guidance despite signs of polyurethane normalisation    Covestro signs polyurethane products normalisation

Source:ICIS News

LONDON (ICIS)–Covestro has raised its guidance for 2018 above the banner levels of 2017 after posting gains across businesses for the second quarter of the year, despite signs that bumper margins for some polyurethanes products are beginning to normalise, the company said on Thursday.

Covestro signs polyurethane products normalisationThe Germany-headquartered plastics, foams and specialties producer is projecting full-year earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA) above 2017 levels.

Runaway profit margins for toluene di-isocyanate (TDI) and methyl di-p-phenylene isocyanate (MDI) beginning in 2017 drove a 70.6% year on year increase in EBITDA for the year to €3.4bn, a figure Covestro said it is likely to exceed in 2018 on the strength of results for the first six months.

Free operating cashflow is also likely to exceed the €1.8bn generated in 2017, creating a war chest of cash that the company put to work initiating a €1.5bn share buy-back, the second tranche of which launched during the second quarter.

So far, €800m in shares representing around 5% of Covestro’s issued stock have been repurchased, with the programme likely to be wound up by mid-2019. Return on capital employed is also likely to be stronger this year, the company added.

The cash reserves generated last year will also help to fund a strengthened investment programme of €650m-700m this year, of which €300m has been earmarked for an expansion in global film production and the upgrade of facilities at its Tarragona, Spain, methyl di-p-phenylene isocyanate (MDI) complex.

Aside from capacity expansions for MDI in Brunsbuttel, Germany, and polycarbonates (PC) in Caojing, China, the company did not set out plans for the remainder of the cash it expects to put to work this year.Covestro signs polyurethane products normalisation

Acquisition opportunities are limited for the company in its core markets beyond bolt-on deals for its more fragmented coatings, adhesives and specialties (CAS) business, according to former CEO Patrick Thomas.Covestro signs polyurethane products normalisation

“What else can we do? We can’t buy a PU player because of anti-trust issues, we can’t buy a polycarbonates player, because we’re the world number one. We can’t go out and buy anything of substance,” he said, speaking to ICIS earlier this year.

“We can do some things in CAS, but the very nature of CAS is that it is made up of… 2,500 different products, so if you’re going to buy something in CAS, typically it’s at the €50m-100m bolt-on scale, and it has got to be value-creating,” he added.

However, the expecting cooling for polyurethanes margins as rival BASF finally resumes production at its beleaguered flagship 300,000 tonne/year TDI unit in Ludwigshafen, Germany, Covestro is looking to reduce the exposure of its business to demand cycles.

“Our goal is therefore to reduce the cyclicality of our product portfolio even further and to continue our successful development,” said CFO Thomas Toepfer.

This is to be achieved through developing new applications in the automotive, electronic and healthcare sectors, he added.Covestro signs polyurethane products normalisation

The company reported a 25% increase in net profit for the second quarter of the year on Thursday to €604m on the back of higher selling prices and increased demand.

PC division earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) grew 59% over the period to €241m driven by Asia Pacific sales and stronger pricing, while improved sales drove an 8.4% increase in polyurethanes EBIT to €492m.

CAS division earnings rose €15m year on year during the period to €116m on firmer core volumes.Covestro signs polyurethane products normalisation

In the first half of the year, Covestro posted a net profit of €1.25bn, up 31.1% from the previous corresponding period, with sales up 7.9% at €7.64bn.

Operating profit for the period increased 26% year on year to €1.73bn, with EBITDA up 20.9% at €2.05bn.Covestro signs polyurethane products normalisation

Covestro’s shares were trading higher following the financial results publication. By 11:00 London time, the stock was up 2% compared to the latest close to €81.76 per share.

(Update: Re-leads, adds guidance, performance detail throughout)

Picture source: Covestro

By Tom Brown
Related Topics

Novelis Acquire Aleris Corporation $2.6 Bln

Novelis To Acquire Aleris For About $2.6 Bln, Incl. Debt   Novelis Acquire Aleris Corporation $2.6 Bln 

Novelis Acquire Aleris Corporation $2.6 Bln

(RTTNews.com) – Novelis Inc. announced it has signed a definitive agreement to acquire Aleris Corporation, a global supplier of rolled aluminum products, for about $2.6 billion including the assumption of debt.

As part of the acquisition, Novelis will acquire Aleris’ 13 manufacturing facilities across North America, Asia and Europe. Aleris’ new automotive finishing lines in Lewisport, Kentucky, of which a significant amount of its 200kt capacity is already under contract, along with 100kt of auto capacity in Duffel, Belgium, will allow Novelis to further diversify its global footprint and customer base.Novelis Acquire Aleris Corporation $2.6 Bln

In addition, Aleris’ Zhenjiang facility is strategically located near Novelis’ existing Changzhou plant, adding value through logistical efficiencies, closed-loop recycling, and providing greater opportunity for customer collaboration.Novelis Acquire Aleris Corporation $2.6 Bln

The acquisition is subject to customary closing conditions and regulatory approvals and is expected to close in 9-15 months. Until the closing, the companies will continue to operate as separate entities. Following close, the two companies will integrate Aleris into Novelis, which will remain headquartered in Atlanta.Novelis Acquire Aleris Corporation $2.6 Bln

The combined company will have pro forma revenues of approximately $15 billion and will operate 37 facilities, across 11 countries, with an employee base of approximately 16,500.

Read the original article on RTTNews (http://www.rttnews.com/2919082/novelis-to-acquire-aleris-for-about-2-6-bln-incl-debt.aspx)


For comments and feedback: contact editorial@rttnews.com

Indorama acquires Egyptian PET processor Medco 

Indorama acquires Egyptian PET processor – Medco   Indorama acquires Egyptian PET processor Medco 

 MOSCOW – Indorama Ventures Company Ltd (IVL), the world leader in the production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET), has announced the acquisition of a 74% stake in the Egyptian PET processor – Medco Plast for Packing and Packaging Systems SAE Medco), the Thai company said in a statement.

The amount of the transaction was not disclosed.Indorama acquires Egyptian PET processor Medco 

According to the report, Medco operates a factory for production of PET preforms with a capacity of 70 thousand tons in Egypt with a market share of 25%.

The transaction, subject to regulatory approval, should be closed in the third quarter of 2018.Indorama acquires Egyptian PET processor Medco 

As reported by Market Report company, on June 1, IVL closed the deal for the purchase of the Brazilian manufacturer PET – M & G Polimeros Brazil.  M & G Polimeros Brazil ran a 550,000-ton PET plant in Ipojuca, Brazil.Indorama acquires Egyptian PET processor Medco 

In addition, at the end of 2017, IVL bought the assets of the Portuguese manufacturer TFK – Artlant PTA.  These assets include the Tlf plant of Artlant company with a capacity of 700 thousand tons per year located in the industrial complex Sines (Portugal), as well as all equipment, land rights and labor contracts.

Indorama Ventures PLS is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of PET, TPA, MEG (in the US), as well as polyester yarns and fibers.

mrcplast.ru

Author:   Margarita Volkova

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ACC USA $2.2bn worth chems plastics China tariffs

ACC requests US to remove $2.2bn worth of chems, plastics from proposed China tariffs   ACC USA $2.2bn worth chems plastics China tariffs

Source:ICIS News

HOUSTON (ICIS)–US President Donald Trump’s administration risks losing thousands of jobs and billions of dollars in chemical investments by not excluding $2.2bn worth of chemicals and plastic products from its second list of tariffs against China, a senior American Chemistry Council (ACC) official testified on Wednesday.

ACC USA $2.2bn worth chems plastics China tariffsACC Director of International Trade Ed Brzytwa told officials from the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) that the proposed Section 301 trade action against China is happening during a crucial moment for the US chemical industry.

“Costs in the US will go up, not just for our member companies, but also downstream industries that buy US-made chemicals, including farmers and manufacturers,” Brzytwa said.

The low-cost production of chemicals in the US has attracted more than $194bn in new chemical industry investment, the ACC noted, and sparked a US manufacturing renaissance.

The ACC warned both risk being undermined by the imposition of US tariffs, and retaliation.

“The chemicals and plastics appearing on List 2 invite retaliatory tariffs from China, and by virtue of that retaliation, inadvertently give China the upper-hand over our growing industry,” Brzytwa said.

“Due to shale gas and lower costs to produce and export chemicals, US chemical manufacturers are competitively advantaged compared to Chinese producers if there are no US tariffs and China does not otherwise retaliate.”

Long-standing issues with China can be resolved through negotiation and enforcement of World Trade Organization (WTO) rules, Brzytwa said, as opposed to “the blunt instrument of tariffs that could make the world’s most important economic relationship even more difficult”.

The ACC noted that 54 of the 114 products on China’s second list are chemicals, plastics, and plastics products, which would impact $5.4bn in US exports to China.

The American Petroleum Institute (API) also testified at the hearing, saying the administration’s tariffs on steel and other imported goods are already hurting the oil and natural gas industry by increasing the difficulty for sourcing parts.

By David Haydon
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Færch Plast acquires recycler 4PET Group

Færch Plast acquires recycler 4PET Group   Færch Plast acquires recycler 4PET Group  

by Leanne Taylor

Reclamation and Recycling Acquisition Færch Plast Recycling Featured

Borealis acquire Ecoplast Kunststoffrecycling plastics recycler

Borealis to acquire Ecoplast   Borealis acquire Ecoplast Kunststoffrecycling plastics recycler

Move designed to strengthen European firm’s recycled plastics business.

Edited by Dan Sandoval

Europe Financial Plastics

Borealis acquire Ecoplast Kunststoffrecycling plastics recycler The Vienna-based Borealis Group has signed an agreement to acquire Ecoplast Kunststoffrecycling GmbH, an Austrian plastics recycler. The purchase by the polyolefins, base chemicals and fertilizers firm is subject to regulatory approvals.

Based in Wildon, Austria, Ecoplast processes around 35,000 metric tons per year of plastic scrap generated by households and industrial consumers, turning it into LDPE and HDPE recycled-content materials, used mainly by the plastic films market.

“It is a logical next step for us to expand our mechanical recycling capabilities, which are key to our sustainability and circular economy efforts,” says Alfred Stern, CEO of Borealis. “Borealis wants to be a provider for circular economy plastic solutions, and we see Ecoplast as an important complement to [existing Borealis subsidiary] MTM Plastics in Germany.”Borealis acquire Ecoplast Kunststoffrecycling plastics recycler

Continues Stern, “MTM’s focus is on rigid, injection molding solutions. Ecoplast’s core competence is recycling flexibles from highly contaminated household and commercial waste into a product that is suitable for thin film production.”

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DSM APK cooperate recycling multilayer food packaging films

DSM and APK cooperate on recycling multilayer food packaging films   DSM APK cooperate recycling multilayer food packaging films

Singapore, SG,

DSM APK cooperate recycling multilayer food packaging filmsRoyal DSM, a global science-based company active in health, nutrition and sustainable living, together with APK, are leading the way in taking the next step to increase the sustainable benefits of multilayer food packaging films. Beyond the primary function of reducing food waste, the products are now also recyclable via APK’s new recycling route.

Many multilayer barrier films for food packaging consist of a combination of PE and PA6, where PE acts as a barrier for moisture and PA6 as a barrier for oxygen thus significantly extending the shelf life of the packaged food. Such packaging cannot be produced with a mono-material PE film, since the layer thicknesses to achieve sufficient barrier properties would become too high.

The addition of PA6 in the multi-material solution reduces the total layer thickness significantly and improves the mechanical integrity of the film resulting in less rupture of the films during transportation and logistics. This leads to a lower food waste percentage and thus to a significantly better carbon footprint in a Life Cycle Analysis.DSM APK cooperate recycling multilayer food packaging films  

Today APK and DSM are also able to address the “End-of-Life” stage of the Life Cycle of a multilayer PE/PA6 packaging film using APK’s Newcycling® process, a technique that makes it possible to recover high-quality re-granulates with properties close to virgin plastics, from complex mixtures and multi-layer composites (so-called multilayer barrier packaging).DSM APK cooperate recycling multilayer food packaging films  

With conventional recycling systems that is not possible. “Moreover the Newcycling process works highly cost-efficient and offers a competitive, sustainable material source. The re-granulates, generated from multilayer PE/PA6 packaging waste can be used again in demanding flexible packaging which contributes to the target of a circular economy” explained Florian Riedl, Head of Business Development at APK AG.

APK is building a plant for recycling multilayer PE/PA6 packaging, using Newcycling process, which will start up in Q4 of this year.DSM APK cooperate recycling multilayer food packaging films  

APK

At its headquarters in Merseburg near Leipzig, Germany, APK produces high-quality plastic recycle reclaimed from post-consumer and production sources. APK’s core technology is its Newcycling® process, a solvent-based technique that makes it possible to recover from complex mixtures and multi-layer composites (so-called multilayer barrier packaging) high-quality re-granulates with properties close to virgin plastics. With conventional recycling systems that is not possible. Newcycling® allows the pelletized recyclates to be used in demanding applications, such as flexible packaging, again. For more information, please visit www.apk-ag.de.

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Oil $200-Plus Barrel Iran Can Make It Happen

Oil At $200-Plus Per Barrel? Iran Can Make It Happen   Oil $200-Plus Barrel Iran Can Make It Happen

Oil $200-Plus Barrel Iran Can Make It Happen

The latest saber rattling from and about Iran gives new resonance to talk of $200 oil. Iran can do it with just a partial blockade of the Strait of Hormuz.

Reuters recently detailed past Iranian military operations that could interrupt the oil supplies passing through the Strait of Hormuz: 18 million barrels of oil per day, or about 20% of the world’s supply. How do we get to $200+ per barrel? An economic analysis is required.Oil $200-Plus Barrel Iran Can Make It Happen

‘Crude Oil Imports and National Security’ estimates -0.04 for the price elasticity of demand for crude oil. That is, if quantity supplied to the market is cut by 10%, the price of oil will increase by 250%. With oil currently at $70 per barrel, a disruption in shipping in the Strait of Hormuz would lead to a $175 a barrel price increase, for a total of $245 per barrel, as shown in the graph.Oil $200-Plus Barrel Iran Can Make It Happen

Econ 10 diagram of impact of partial blockade, 9 million barrels per day.ED HIRS

President Trump is correct that the United States has paid a lot of money for the defense of oil interests in the Middle East. The Cost of War Project at Brown University now estimates the costs of wars since 9/11 at $5.6 trillion. To this needs to be added the military casualties of 6,961 dead and 52,682 wounded.

President Eisenhower avoided the trap that has ensnared three consecutive U.S. administrations. He rejected the pleas from Britain, France and Israel to enter the Suez Crisis in 1956. Understanding that conflicts in the Middle East were about who owned the oil and largess from its production, the pragmatic President Eisenhower realized that consuming nations would buy the oil without regard to who sold it to them.

He also realized that strategic dependence on cheap oil from the Middle East would undermine U.S. national security and the U.S. military’s ability to project supply lines during the Cold War. President Eisenhower imposed an oil import quota in 1959 to limit U.S. dependence on foreign crude. The price of oil in the United States was roughly double the world price, and OPEC was formed in response.  The U.S. oil industry was stable and robust.Oil $200-Plus Barrel Iran Can Make It Happen

This policy remained in place until his vice president, then President Nixon, removed the import restrictions.Oil $200-Plus Barrel Iran Can Make It Happen

The irony today is that the United States has initiated a tariffs regime in the name of national security for U.S. steel and aluminum industries but has excluded the oil industry from similar protection. Why? This policy today would benefit our national security by lessening our dependence on OPEC. Higher domestic oil prices will encourage more employment and encourage a faster transition to alternative fuels (see ‘Crude Oil Imports and National Security’ above).Oil $200-Plus Barrel Iran Can Make It Happen

Tariffs or import restrictions can eliminate the exposure to wild downward price swings and protect us from foe and friend. In 2014, Saudi Arabia increased production to drive down price costing U.S. shale plays 250,000 direct jobs, 300+ bankruptcies, $250-plus billion in lost capital, billions in lost GDP and billions in lost local, state and federal taxes.

While the U.S. surge in domestic production is good, domestic refineries have not found it profitable to shift to the lighter crudes from the shale plays, and the industry exports much of it.   In the event of an Iranian blockade or war in the Strait of Hormuz, it is likely that Congress would again ban exports, but U.S. refiners may not be able to quickly adjust.  Releases from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve could possibly help in the short run, but it has never been tested at even 10% of draw down capacity.  Consumers would face shortages and higher prices.Oil $200-Plus Barrel Iran Can Make It Happen

President Eisenhower showed us a way forward.

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Vietnam Malaysia limit waste imports pollution worsens

Vietnam, Malaysia to limit waste imports as shipments build up at ports, pollution worsens   Vietnam Malaysia limit waste imports pollution worsens

Vietnam Malaysia limit waste imports pollution worsens
A beach with plastic waste in Thanh Hoa province, Vietnam, on June 4, 2018. PHOTO: REUTERS

Source : REUTERS

HANOI (REUTERS) – Vietnam will stop issuing new licences for the import of waste and crack down on illegal shipments as thousands of containers of paper, plastic and metal scrap build up at the country’s ports, raising concerns about the environment.

Waste imports into Vietnam and other South-east Asian countries have risen significantly since the Chinese government banned the entry of several types of solid wastes from the beginning of this year, according to Vietnam’s Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment.Vietnam Malaysia limit waste imports pollution worsens

The authorities need to “prevent waste from entering Vietnam to keep the country from becoming a dumping site, affecting the environment and people’s lives,” the government said in a statement late on Wednesday.Vietnam Malaysia limit waste imports pollution worsens

The surge in waste imports has caused congestion at several Vietnam ports, with around 6,000 containers now sitting at entry points that need to be handled, the ministry said in a statement earlier this week. The ministry did not say how much waste Vietnam has imported this year.Vietnam Malaysia limit waste imports pollution worsens

Waste-processing is a supplemental source of raw materials for Vietnam’s paper, plastic and steel industries.Vietnam Malaysia limit waste imports pollution worsens

“The demand for paper and plastic scraps as materials for production does exist, but this benefits only the processors, not the environment,” according to the government statement.Vietnam Malaysia limit waste imports pollution worsens

Malaysia’s government on Tuesday also revoked the import permits of 114 factories that process plastic waste, following local media reports of increased pollution in areas where the factories operated.Vietnam Malaysia limit waste imports pollution worsens

Malaysian Housing and Local Government Minister Zuraida Kamaruddin said the factories affected will have three months to bring their operations up to speed with international environmental standards before they can reapply for the permits, according to a report by national newswire Bernama.Vietnam Malaysia limit waste imports pollution worsens

Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc said in Wednesday’s government statement that Vietnam will track down the owners of the containers piling up at its ports and launch criminal investigations into any illegal imports or violations of environment law.

Pollution is a political risk for Communist-ruled Vietnam, where nationwide protests have been held to save trees and against a steel firm accused of polluting the sea.

One of Vietnam’s worst environmental disasters happened in 2016, when a steel plant being developed by Taiwan’s Formosa Plastics Corp contaminated coastal waters and unleashed an outpouring of anger throughout the country.

An editorial published on Monday in The People’s Daily, a mouthpiece of China’s Communist Party, said the nation’s ban on solid waste imports will have a “temporary impact” on countries that have waste recycling industries, but that it will eventually lead to better global standards in the long run.Vietnam Malaysia limit waste imports pollution worsens

The editorial said China’s ban will help improve the country’s environment and “promote the universal international principle that producers of waste should be responsible for the whole life cycle of that waste.”Vietnam Malaysia limit waste imports pollution worsens

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Danish converter closes loop food trays

Danish converter closes the loop on food trays   Danish converter closes loop food trays

Danish converter closes loop food traysPackaging converter Faerch Plast is to acquire Dutch firm 4PET Group, which will make it an integrated plastics packaging supplier with the ability to recycle food trays on an industrial scale.

The Danish company is closing the loop on plastics food trays with the acquisition of the Duiven-based sheet manufacturer. 4PET produces bespoke cradle-to-cradle solutions for PET by recycling PET bottles and trays from the waste stream and selling food-grade finished products.

“For years, Færch has been promoting sustainability, and all of our products are designed for recyclability,” said Faerch Plast Group’s chief executive Lars Gade Hansen.

“With the modern infrastructure in place at 4PET to sort and process disposed plastics trays, we are able to transform used trays into raw material for new food contact products.

“The recycling system offered by 4PET Group enables us to take responsibility for the post-consumer phase of our trays.Danish converter closes loop food trays

With the shift from a linear to a circular economy, plastics food packaging becomes a sustainable packaging choice for the food industry.”

4PET posted turnover of more than €50 million in 2017 and hires 200 staff across four sites. Jean-Loup van de Wiele, joint founder and chief executive of 4PET, said that the company recycles and processes PET of any colour including black.

“For many years, we have offered ‘bottle-to-bottle’ solutions, while witnessing the vast growth of the PET tray market. We are very excited that we are among the first to offer an industrial ‘tray-to-tray’ solution,” he added.Danish converter closes loop food trays

Van de Wiele and fellow company founder Hans Kuipers, who is also chief financial officer, will continue to own a significant portion of the shares and continue to run the company.

The transaction is expected to close during the third quarter. Faerch Plast recently purchased French thermoformer CGL Pack and last month the company unveiled a bold initiative to recycle black plastics into new food grade packaging in conjunction with Viridor, Marks & Spencer, Tesco and Sainsbury’s.Danish converter closes loop food trays

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M & G short-term closed PET plant Mexico 

M & G short-term closed the PET plant in Mexico   M & G short-term closed PET plant Mexico 

M & G short-term closed PET plant Mexico  MOSCOW – The Italian company Mossi & Ghisolfi (M & G) Chemicals, one of the three largest producers of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) in the US, stopped production at the polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plant in Altamira (Altamira, Mexico) on July 15, reported ICIS market sources.

 

According to them, the PET plant in Altamira was stopped for a short while for the sake of precaution because of a flare-up fire at a neighboring plant for the production of terephthalic acid (TPA) by the Mexican company Alpek.

This enterprise with the capacity of 520 thousand tons of PET per year has returned to work already on July 16.

Earlier it was noted that last year the company closed the PET plant in Almamore due to a shortage of raw materials, since Alpek stopped supplying TFK to the company, as well as M & G production in Brazil, as M & G did not pay.

According to the ScanPlast of the Market Report company, in connection with a lack of material in the Russian sector of casting preforms, in May, imports of PET granulate in Russia increased.  During the reporting period, 16.44 thousand tons were imported, which is 22% more than a month earlier.  For the period January-May 2018, external supplies of material to the country amounted to 50.62 thousand tons, which is 8% more than last year.

Mossi & Ghisolfi (M & G) is a group of petrochemical and engineering companies headquartered in Tortona, Italy.  Its wholly owned subsidiary Mossi & Ghisolfi International SA (M & G International) produces PET and is one of the largest producers of packaging PET granulates in the Americas.  Total production of PET M & G International is about 1.6 million tons per year.

mrcplast.ru

Author:   Margarita Volkova

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