Carbon-capture – Mechanical-Recycling 04-07-2022

Carbon-capture – Mechanical-Recycling

Bottle-grade-PET-resin – Petrochemicals

Carbon-capture - Mechanical-Recycling

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime

-World’s largest direct air carbon capture facility will reduce CO2 by .0001%

The world’s largest carbon direct air capture facility has started construction in Iceland, run by Swiss startup Climeworks AG.

When construction finishes in 18-24 months, their facility, named “Mammoth,” will be able to remove 36,000 tons of CO2 from the air per year – which is .0001% of the 36 billion tons of CO2 emitted per year by humanity.

Climeworks currently operates their “Orca” plant which captures 4,000 tons per year and began operations last year. This new plant will increase their capacity by an order of magnitude. Carbon-capture – Mechanical-Recycling

Direct air carbon capture is the Carbon-capture – Mechanical-Recycling that carbon can be sucked out of the air through industrial and chemical processes. Climeworks’ new plant will use geothermal power to operate, sucking carbon from the air and mixing it with water, then injecting it into the ground where it reacts with basalt to form solid carbonate rock.

It is favored by large polluters like Exxon as a way to reverse the enormous damage they continue to cause, though currently it is “too expensive” to be scaled in any meaningful way.

Due to this expense and difficulty of scaling, environmentalists question its usefulness. The fear is that the promise of this technology will delay action in reducing carbon emissions today, as humanity may think that a technological answer will eventually come for the chaos we are currently causing to our world.

At the scale of this plant, a million similarly sized plants would be needed just to get humanity carbon neutral. But that’s just net zero – we would then need even more plants to bring CO2 down from the current 420ppm back to 350ppm, which is the number we need to hit to bring the climate back into stasis. To get to this concentration, we need to remove roughly half a trillion tons of carbon out of the atmosphere in total.

Climeworks sells credits for the carbon they remove from the air at a price of 1,000 euros ($1,048) per ton, and companies like Microsoft, Audi, and Shopify have already purchased credits to offset their impact. This is one of the world’s most expensive carbon credits, and is much higher than EPA estimates of the social cost of carbon and Exxon’s “target” number of $100/ton.

Climeworks hoped to get this number down to $100/ton by somewhere in the latter half of this decade, at which point they would like to be responsible for removing 1% of carbon from the atmosphere. Carbon-capture – Mechanical-Recycling

But given that these predictions were made 5 years ago, progress doesn’t seem to be going as quickly as they’d like (or as all of us need).

Carbon-capture - Mechanical-Recycling

-Macquarie invests in PET recycler

Circularix, led by Leon Farahnik, will open the first of five facilities later this year in Pennsylvania.

HPC Industries LLC, Los Angeles, the former owner of defunct bottle-to-bottle polyethylene terephthalate (PET) recycler CarbonLite, which also was based in Los Angeles, and Australia-based Macquarie Group’s Commodities and Global Markets group have formed a joint venture to produce recycled PET (rPET) pellets that will operate under the name Circularix. Carbon-capture – Mechanical-Recycling

Leon Farahnik, chairman of HPC and the former chairman and CEO CarbonLite, serves as chairman and CEO of Circularix, while Alex Delnik, also formerly of CarbonLite as well as being the former CEO and founder of PET recycler Verdeco Recycling, will serve as president and chief operating officer. In addition to its investment as a partner in the joint venture, Macquarie is assisting Circularix with project debt, equipment finance, foreign exchange hedging and other risk management solutions to support its growth.

Farahnik declines to tell Recycling Today the stake that Macquarie has taken in Circularix, saying the information is confidential.

According to a news release issued on behalf of Circularix, plans include building and operating five recycling facilities across the U.S. with a total annual production capacity of more than 275 million pounds of rPET. The first facility, in Hatfield, Pennsylvania, is expected to be operational by December 2022.

Farahnik says the 100,000-square-foot plant is near Allentown, Pennsylvania, which serves as a “major hub for all of our customers.” It will have the capacity to produce 55 million pounds of food-grade rPET pellets from flake rather than bottles, which it will purchase from within a 200-to-250-mile radius of the plant.

He says he expects the next site, which will be in Florida, to be operational in the second quarter of 2023. After that, roughly every six months, the company plans to open sites in Texas, Arizona and the Pacific Northwest, having chosen these locations because of their proximity to customers that Circularix intends to supply.

Farahnik adds that the sites are each expected to have 55 million pounds of capacity and will feature a high degree of automation as well as equipment from Austria-based Starlinger.  Carbon-capture – Mechanical-Recycling

Carbon-capture - Mechanical-Recycling

-SD Polymers: ‘One-Stop Solution for Mechanical Recycling’

‘Passionate’ recycler invests in people and technology to meet commitment to innovative, sustainable solutions for its processor customers.

For SD Polymers, a rapidly expanding recycler and compounder, investing in technology and finding and training people who are “passionate” about recycling are keys to meeting current industry challenges such as material price swings, logistical obstacles and inflationary pressures. Carbon-capture – Mechanical-Recycling

Family owned since 1998, the Macon, Ga., company has diversified into three business segments, headed by its core Plastics Extrusion Division, which focuses on closed-loop recycling and compounding—90%  custom in-house  compounding and 10% toll compounding. The other two divisions focus on industrial rubber recycling and compounding and non-woven roll converting.  According to Stefano Danese, the company’s managing director, SD Polymers is committed to finding innovative, sustainable solutions for its customers to save time and money, increase efficiency and reduce its carbon footprint while improving the bottom line.

‘One-Stop Solution for Mechanical Recycling’

The company traces its roots to Marco Danese, Stefano’s father, who  founded the company in 1998, drawing on decades of roofing experience, including the establishment of five roofing manufacturing plants in three countries. SD Polymers originally focused on supplying nonwoven PET mat and densified PP to a wide range of commercial roofing manufacturers, primarily in Latin America. Over time, the company expanded its offerings to include fiberglass PET mat and materials for TPO membrane roofing applications.

Today, the Macon facility of more than 160,000 ft2 includes a full-scale laboratory for raw-materials and finished-goods testing. The company recycles a variety of materials into pellets, densified flake and regrind for injection molding and extrusion—mainly PP, HDPE, LDPE, LLDPE, TPO and  PS. Carbon-capture – Mechanical-Recycling

SD Polymers: 'One-Stop Solution for Mechanical Recycling'

-Eneos sets The July contract price of benzene in Asia at USD1,290 per tonne

Eneos (formerly JXTG Nippon Oil & Energy), part of Eneos Holding, a major petrochemical producer in Japan, has set the July contract price of benzene in Asia at USD1,290 per tonne, down USD15 per tonne from June’s contract price, a company source told ICIS.

In June, the company set the price of benzene at USD1,305 per ton. The company had previously denominated its July price at USD1,320 per tonne.

Earlier it was reported that Eneos set the May contract price of benzene in Asia at USD1,180 per ton, which is USD15 per ton lower compared to the contract price of April.

Benzene is the raw material for the production of styrene, which, in turn, serves as the main raw material for the production of polystyrene (PS).

According to MrC’s ScanPlast, in the first four months, the total estimated consumption of polystyrene and styrene plastics in Russia amounted to 186.02 thousand tons, which is 1% less than the same indicator in 2021.  Carbon-capture – Mechanical-Recycling

In April, total estimated consumption was 41.49 thousand tons, which is 15% lower than the volume of consumption in April 2021.

Eneos Holding (formerly known as JXTG) is Japan’s largest oil company. Its activities include the exploration, import and refining of crude oil; production and sale of petroleum products (ethylene, propylene, butadiene, styrene, paraxylene, orthoxylene, etc.), including fuels and lubricants.

Eneos sets The July contract price of benzene in Asia at USD1,290 per tonne

-Polynt Announces Investment for New Special Plasticizers Plant in Atlacomulco, Mexico

Special high-performance plasticizers, with their superior technical performances in electrical and high temperature applications, are a main component for the electrification of cars and transportation, a general trend so important for improving environmental sustainability. Trimellitates represents the most effective family of products that can satisfy those outstanding performance characteristics. Carbon-capture – Mechanical-Recycling

Polynt has a long history of developing and marketing a wide range of these products for different technical needs. To support their growth and demand, Polynt has started the process for the installation of a new esterification plant to produce Special Plasticizers, and among those mainly trimellitates, in its site in Atlacomulco (Mexico).

The design and permitting activities will begin during H2 2022. The erection of the plant is planned during 2023 and will take place also using part of the equipment of the Polynt trimellitates plant of the Changzhou site (China), closed in 2021. Mechanical completion is expected by the end of 2023 and the start-up is scheduled in Q1 2024.

Polynt Announces Investment for New Special Plasticizers Plant in Atlacomulco, Mexico

-Measuring recycled content: why mass balance accounting matters for plastics

Paul Davidson, Director, UKRI Smart Sustainable Plastic Packaging Challenge, discuses the importance of accurately auditing recycled content derived from the chemical recycling of plastics.  Carbon-capture – Mechanical-Recycling

As the UK Plastic Tax goes live and the European Commission deliberates on an EU-wide recycled content target for plastics packaging, the question of how to accurately measure and provide an audit trail for recycled content derived from the chemical recycling of plastics has become the subject of much debate.

Conventional mechanical plastics recycling typically produces recycled feedstock of a single polymer type (e.g. PET) destined for use as a feedstock by a particular packaging producer (convertor).

For chemical recycling routes, however, recycled plastic is taken back to the basic building blocks (oligomers, monomers, etc) for polymer manufacturing.

Where the recycled feedstock is a pyrolysis oil (pyrolysis being the most advanced technology in terms of commercial development at present), it enters the petrochemical supply chain much earlier in the production cycle (and often intermittently) as a bulk raw material (pyrolysis oil).  Carbon-capture – Mechanical-Recycling

It is then mixed with virgin feedstock (naphtha) before being piped, potentially over long distances, to the cracker. The cracker then converts the combined feedstocks into a number of outputs, the predominant one being ethylene.

Carbon-capture - Mechanical-Recycling

-Swiss EMS Group Picks 3D Systems for New Nylon 3D Printing Material

3D Systems has announced a partnership with EMS-GRILTECH  to develop new 3D printing materials.  Carbon-capture – Mechanical-Recycling

Leveraging the polyamide manufacturing expertise of EMG-GRILTECH, a business unit of Swiss chemical company EMS Group, the duo have released a new nylon copolymer dubbed DuraForm PAx Natural for use in selective laser sintering (SLS).

3D Systems is the exclusive distributor of the powder, which can be used on any SLS machine. DuraForm PAx Natural is meant to demonstrate properties similar to injection molding, with high impact resistance and elongation at break in any direction. Because it can be printed at a low temperature of 120°C, it is described as more efficient for printing and post-processing. In turn, it enables high throughput and can be shipped the day after printing, compared to PA12, which may require two days.

he partners claim that it remains stable in terms of mechanical properties and color for over five years indoors. Vapor smoothing additionally increases the elongation at yield over that of PA-11 and PA-12. Suggested applications include “orthotics, tooling handles, splints, and braces, ducting in rugged environments, living hinges, liquid reservoirs, and enclosures requiring high impact and high toughness.”

“We’re very excited to be able to collaborate with EMS-GRILTECH in a way that allows us to not only advance our innovation roadmap but also advance materials performance for the industry,” said Dr. Edwin Hortelano, senior vice president, materials engineering & development, 3D Systems. “With DuraForm PAx Natural, we’re not only bringing a superior product with leading mechanical properties, we’re also delivering a new material for use with any SLS printing technology, which we intend to expand to other powder-bed fusion platforms. This is our first step in opening 3D Systems’ materials portfolio to the entire industry which allows a broader pool of manufacturers to realize the benefits of this unmatched material. We look forward to introducing more PAx-based materials among others in the future.”    Carbon-capture – Mechanical-Recycling

Simon Maier, head of sales and marketing at EMS-GRILTECH, said, “The EMS Group is an established worldwide leader in high-performance polymers for injection molding and powder-based applications. EMS-GRILTECH has observed the powder bed fusion (PBF) additive manufacturing industry with keen interest over the last years, realizing that the technology is limited by the performance of the available materials. Thus, together with 3D Systems, we decided to use our expertise to develop materials that exhibit excellent performance in PBF systems and at the same time show technical properties that match those of injection molding. EMS-GRILTECH is excited about the capabilities of DuraForm PAx Natural and we’re looking forward to creating added value for the additive manufacturing industry with further material novelties in the future.”

Carbon-capture - Mechanical-Recycling

Carbon-capture – Mechanical-Recycling

Bottle-grade-PET-resin – Petrochemicals 04/07/2022

Bottle-grade-PET-resin – Petrochemicals

Bottle-grade-PET-resin - Petrochemicals

ITEM 27/06/2022 04/07/2022 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 8,700 yuan/ton 8,650 yuan/ton -50
Bottle grade PET chips export market 1,220 $/ton 1,210 $/ton -10
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 7,800 yuan/ton 7,670 yuan/ton -130
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 7,750 yuan/ton 7,630 yuan/ton -120
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market

Bottle-grade-PET-resin – Petrochemicals

6,790 yuan/ton 6,790 yuan/ton
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 1,020 $/ton 1,010 $/ton -10
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 4,430 yuan/ton 4,300 yuan/ton -130
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 562 $/ton 540 $/ton -22
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market 1,250 $/ton 1,220 $/ton -30
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 1,230 $/ton 1,200 $/ton -30
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,738 $/ton 1,692 $/ton -46
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 8,550 yuan/ton 8,300 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 8,150 yuan/ton 7,850 yuan/ton -300
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 9,650 yuan/ton 9,450 yuan/ton -200
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F 9,600 yuan/ton 9,400 yuan/ton -200
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 9,100 yuan/ton 8,900 yuan/ton -200
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 8,600 yuan/ton 8,530 yuan/ton -70
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 13,900 yuan/ton 13,600 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 2,150 $/ton 2,150 $/ton
Nylon6 chips overseas  market 2,400 $/ton 2,400 $/ton
Nylon6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 14,800 yuan/ton 14,600 yuan/ton -200
Nylon6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market 16,000 yuan/ton 15,500 yuan/ton -500
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market

Bottle-grade-PET-resin – Petrochemicals

23,500 yuan/ton 22,800 yuan/ton -700
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 18,100 yuan/ton 18,000 yuan/ton -100
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 20,350 yuan/ton 20,200 yuan/ton- -150
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  18,800 yuan/ton 18,800 yuan/ton
Spandex 20D  domestic  market 52,000 yuan/ton 52,000 yuan/ton
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 44,500 yuan/ton 43,000 yuan/ton -1,500
Spandex 40D  domestic  market 40,500 yuan/ton 40,000 yuan/ton -500
Adipic Acid domestic market 11,650 yuan/ton 11,500 yuan/ton -150
Benzene domestic market 9,600 yuan/ton 9,480 yuan/ton -120
Benzene overseas  market 1,228 $/ton 1,256 $/ton +28
Ethylene South East market 1,100 $/ton 1,050 $/ton -50
Ethylene NWE  market 1,319 $/ton 1,198 $/ton -121
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market 10,900 yuan/ton 10,900 yuan/ton
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market

Bottle-grade-PET-resin – Petrochemicals

1,700 $/ton 1,650 $/tn -50
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 19,000 yuan/ton 19,000 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market ,15,600 yuan/ton 15,600 yuan/ton
PP Powder domestic market
8,300 yuan/ton 8,080 yuan/ton -220
Naphtha overseas market  819 $/ton867 832 $/ton
Phenol domestic market 11,760 yuan/ton 10,260 yuan/ton +320

Bottle-grade-PET-resin – Petrochemicals

Microwave-chemical-recycling – PET-Resin 02-07-2022

Microwave-chemical-recycling – PET-Resin

-May industrial output falls 7.2% on month in Japan

Japan’s factory output posted the biggest monthly drop in two years in May as China’s COVID-19 lockdowns and semiconductor and other parts shortages hit manufacturers, adding more pressure on an economy struggling to mount a strong recovery, said Reuters.

Japan’s industrial output in May marked the steepest fall in two years, down 7.2 percent from the previous month, as the auto industry was hit by parts shortages due to a COVID-19 lockdown in Shanghai, government data showed Thursday. The seasonally adjusted index of production at factories and mines stood at 88.3 against the 2015 base of 100, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry said. The decline followed a decrease of 1.5 percent in April.

With the sharpest fall since May 2020, the ministry also downgraded its basic assessment of industrial production for the second straight month to “weakening,” compared with “was pausing” in April. “Many Japanese companies said they were affected more severely by the lockdown in Shanghai in May than in April,” said a ministry official.

The ministry assumed logistics were disrupted for a full month in May, although the early part of April is believed to have escaped the lockdown’s impact as some parts for manufacturers had already been shipped out when the measure was put in place in the Chinese commercial hub in late March. Microwave-chemical-recycling – PET-Resin

Of the 15 industries covered by the survey, production in 13 declined. Automobile output dropped 8.0 percent from the previous month, including a 33.2 percent plunge in truck manufacturing, according to the data. Output of electronic components, such as lithium-ion batteries including those for automobiles, plummeted 11.3 percent and that of construction and production machinery fell 5.1 percent, the data showed.

Meanwhile, output of organic and inorganic chemical compounds rose 3.9 percent, and that of petroleum and coal products, such as diesel fuel and jet fuel, grew 8.9 percent. The index of industrial shipments declined 4.3 percent to 89.0, while that of inventories was down 0.1 percent at 98.5 for the third straight month of decline.

“We will continue to closely watch the effects of the development of coronavirus infections for domestic and overseas economies, shortages of parts, rising prices and the situation of Ukraine,” the official said. Based on a poll of manufacturers, the ministry expects output to grow 12.0 percent in June and climb 2.5 percent in July.

May industrial output falls 7.2% on month in Japan

-Defra policies ‘not enough’ to unlock £1bn plastics recycling investment

A survey of plastics recycling investment firms has revealed volatile markets and short-term contracts are blocking infrastructure development in the UK.

Research for Viridor conducted by consultancy Anthesis suggested £1bn investment is needed to build 46 new plastics sorting and recycling facilities if the UK is to end plastic waste exports. Microwave-chemical-recycling – PET-Resin

This would equate to an extra 14 to 16 million tonnes of plastic recycled domestically over the next 25 years.

The report said the plastics recycling sector “does not benefit from long term, stable revenues supported by long term contracts and a predictable cashflow model”.

Anthesis spoke to investors including Hermes Infrastructure, Equitix, First Sentier Investors, CPPIB, and I Squared Capital.

The report said Defra expected reforms such as extended producer responsibility, consistent collections and the plastics packaging tax would be enough to “provide sufficient clarity” to develop the required recycling and reprocessing capacity.

But it concluded: “To date, the recycling market has delivered limited infrastructure measured by both capacity and quality. There is little to indicate that current reforms will address this issue without additional intervention.”

It added the north west of England had the most potential to benefit from investment in plastics recycling facilities and reprocessing as it is the region with the largest capacity gap. Microwave-chemical-recycling – PET-Resin

The report said investment in the north waste would contribute to the Government’s ‘Levelling up’ agenda.

Plastic collected for recycling in the UK is forecast to increase by 45% by 2035. Anthesis argued the plastics recycling infrastructure shortfall could reach 1.6 million tonnes and increase plastic waste exports if investment is not forthcoming.

It concluded: “This investment could deliver an extra 46 industrial facilities across all regions of the UK, create 1,100 permanent skilled green jobs and a further 975 in the supply chain, and deliver economic benefits of over £3bn across 25 years.”

Tim Rotheray, Viridor director of ESG, said: “When people put out their plastic recycling each week, they expect that material to be recycled in the UK. Ending plastic waste export is not only the right thing to do but also a major employment opportunity across the UK.

Microwave-chemical-recycling - PET-Resin

-Trinseo and GMP to Establish a Recycling Plant in Europe

To produce recycled food-contact polystyrene material, anticipated startup in 2024

Trinseo ,a specialty material solutions provider, and GMP Group (GMP), a circular business innovations company in the Netherlands, announced jointly today their intended concerted efforts in further unlocking the circularity of polystyrene (PS).

Food-contact PS is an ideal material for food packaging, and recycled food-contact PS helps contribute to the circularity of packaging materials, especially when packaging waste remains a concern in many domains. (Photo: Business Wire)

PS is a common material used in numerous applications, including packaging and consumer goods. Microwave-chemical-recycling – PET-Resin

Food-contact PS is an ideal material for food packaging, and recycled food-contact PS helps contribute to the circularity of packaging materials, especially when packaging waste remains a concern in many domains.

Trinseo and GMP’s collaboration aims at providing a framework for cooperation, on an exclusive basis, the construction and operation by GMP of an advanced pretreatment or regeneration plant with a minimum 25kt capacity in the Netherlands. The plant will purify PS waste and deliver high-quality recycled PS pellets via the Super Clean recycling process. Microwave-chemical-recycling – PET-Resin

The anticipated startup date of the plant in the Netherlands is 2024. There is also an intended execution of a long-term tolling and off-taking agreement.

Trinseo and GMP to Establish a Recycling Plant in Europe

-July contract prices of paraxylene in Asia are denominated at USD1,350-1,380 per tonne

Major Asian paraxylene producers have announced their contract prices for the material for July shipments at USD1,350-1,380 per tonne, market sources told ICIS.

Prices have been nominated on the terms of delivery of CFR Asia.

Thus, the Japanese Idemitsu Kosan and the South Korean SK Global Chemicals (SKGC) announced their contract prices for the material at the level of USD1,350 per ton, CFR Asia, the Japanese Eneos Corporation – at the level of USD1,380 per ton, and the Indian Ril announced it at the level of USD1,390 per ton, CFR Asia.

Spot transactions for August shipments were USD1,275-1,276 per tonne, Taiwan CFR and/or China’s major ports as of June 29 compared to transactions priced at USD1,305 per tonne, Taiwan CFR and/or China’s major ports the previous day.

Earlier it was reported that major Asian producers of paraxylene announced their contract prices for material for May supplies at the level of USD1,250-1,300 per ton, which is USD50-70 per ton lower than the level of April contract price offers.

Paraxylene is a raw material for the synthesis of terephthalic acid, an intermediate for the production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET). Microwave-chemical-recycling – PET-Resin

July contract prices of paraxylene in Asia are denominated at USD1,350-1,380 per tonne

-Eneos has set the July contract price of benzene in Asia at USD1,320 per tonne

Eneos (formerly JXTG Nippon Oil & Energy), part of Eneos Holding, a major petrochemical producer in Japan, has set the July contract price of benzene in Asia at USD1,320 per tonne, USD15 per tonne higher than the June contract price, a company source told ICIS.

The price was approved on the terms of delivery of CFR Asia.

In June, the company set the price of benzene at USD1,305 per ton.

Earlier it was reported that Eneos set the May contract price of benzene in Asia at USD1,180 per ton, which is USD15 per ton lower compared to the contract price of April.

Benzene is the raw material for the production of styrene, which, in turn, serves as the main raw material for the production of polystyrene (PS).

According to MrC’s ScanPlast, in the first four months, the total estimated consumption of polystyrene and styrene plastics in Russia amounted to 186.02 thousand tons, which is 1% less than the same indicator in 2021. Microwave-chemical-recycling – PET-Resin

In April, total estimated consumption was 41.49 thousand tons, which is 15% lower than the volume of consumption in April 2021.

Eneos has set the July contract price of benzene in Asia at USD1,320 per tonne

-Europe sees higher prices for recycled resins across the board

Limited availability and strong demand underpin upward price trend

Post-consumer recycled polymer prices, Western Europe, (€/tonne)

In May, all grades of recycled plastics sold in Europe saw price increases as a result of rising demand and limited supply. Material availability continues to be a major issue facing the sector. Microwave-chemical-recycling – PET-Resin

Indeed, Plastics Recyclers Europe has recently stated that “a lack of sorted plastics is undermining the businesses of European recyclate producers and the shortage is negatively impacting the operations of plastics recyclers across Europe.”

Recycled PET prices registered triple-digit price increases on continued strong sales. However, given such high recycled PET prices, some converters whose customers do not insist on using recycled material switched to virgin PET where prices had started to fall.

Recyclers of recycled high density polyethylene pushed through price increases of €40-50 per metric ton, recycled low density PE grades posted price hikes of €30-35/tonne and recycled polypropylene prices increased by €35-40/tonne. Recycled high impact polystyrene saw soaring demands due to sky-high standard HIPS prices, and recyclers were able to raise prices by €50/tonne.

There was sufficient material across most recycled plastics classes and types in May to fully meet demand from regular customers, although it was harder to find additional volumes required to serve new customers.

Demand was robust across all sectors, except for R-PET, where sales dwindled. The construction sector showed a significant increase in demand compared to previous months and the consumer goods sector was also very lively. The automotive sector has, however, not as yet awakened from the doldrums.

In June, recycled plastics prices are rising across the board, with the exception of R-PP homopolymer black. R-PET prices are rising at the fastest rate with triple-digit gains. Also showing significant gains are R-HIPS, up €70/tonne, R-LDPE natural film, up €60/tonne, and R-PP copolymers, also up by €60/tonne.

Recycled PET

In May, recycled PET prices continued on a strong upward trajectory amid a better-balanced market. Demand has however eased significantly as a result of the very high prices and the reduction in standard PET material. Meanwhile, supply of bottle scrap has improved with the start of the bottle making season and as more bottles are therefore being recovered. A higher volume of imported material was also evident.

PET recyclers were largely able to pass through their target price plans without much resistance in May. Clear food grade pellets and clear flake prices increased by €100/tonne compared to the previous month. Colored flake was in high demand and prices broke through the €1000/tonne barrier for the first time.

In June, PET prices are rising by triple-digit rates as strong demand meets limited availability. Microwave-chemical-recycling – PET-Resin

Recycled low density polyethylene

In May, higher scrap costs and rising energy prices led to a further increase in recycled LDPE prices. Natural film, translucent film pellets and black extrusion pellets posted price increases of between €30-35/tonne.

There was sufficient material to meet demand from existing customers but new customers often struggled to obtain material at short notice. Overall, demand continued at a solid level.

In June, recycled LDPE prices are rising further due to higher standard material prices and strong demand for recyclate from brand owners.

Recycled high density polyethylene

In May, recycled HDPE prices increased by €40-50/tonne with recyclers able to push through gains without much resistance from buyers due largely to a widening price gap with standard HDPE material and strong sales.

There was sufficient material available to serve regular customers although high quality grades were in shorter supply and more expensive.

High demand from the consumer gods sector and rising costs are supporting a further price increase in June.

Recycled polypropylene

Recycled PP prices increased between €35-40/tonne during May in a fairly balanced market. Overall, demand was very solid, especially given material shortages and the high primary PP prices. The automotive sector, however, continued to disappoint. Most regular customers were able to secure the material Microwave-chemical-recycling – PET-Resin

Microwave-chemical-recycling - PET-Resin

-PET recycling lessons can transform industry

Achieving circularity for plastic packaging is a big pursuit, but it’s possible. Let’s take a closer look at PET packaging, which is a prime example of effective plastic recycling.

PET is generally considered highly recyclable. In fact, PET beverage bottles are one the most recycled types of plastic packaging in the U.S., with billions of pounds of PET bottles – yes, billions – sent through a robust recycling system each year. There is a clear model for success here.

But to nurture a healthy planet for future generations, we need to demand more innovation and progress for plastic circularity. That call to action has materialized in The Recycling Partnership’s PET Recycling Coalition. We launched this coalition because we believe the next step in PET recycling evolution is the foundation for industry transformation. Enhancements made to PET recycling will provide the roadmap to help improve the system for all recyclable materials. Microwave-chemical-recycling – PET-Resin

In terms of deepening and broadening PET recycling, there are a few major opportunities. In today’s system, upwards of 15% of all the PET bottles that enter a MRF never come out the other side due to outdated and/or inefficient processes. We can confront this challenge head-on by implementing innovative sorting technology to capture even more material in the recycling stream. Additionally, we can increase the types of PET packaging that are accepted and sorted at recycling facilities. While clear, green and light blue bottles are the most recognized PET packaging, upwards of 25% of PET packaging doesn’t fit that description. There are established and emerging recycling opportunities for all the trays, clamshells, cups and opaque or pigmented PET items. Growing those opportunities and ensuring that more of those items can be recycled (today, only about half of the U.S. population can recycle PET trays, clamshells and cups) is another readily achievable way to increase recycling rates and complete the cycle of circularity by generating more valuable recycled PET for use in the manufacturing of new packaging.

Microwave-chemical-recycling - PET-Resin

-Showa Denko begins development of microwave-based chemical-recycling technology for plastics

Showa Denko K.K. (SDK; Tokyo) and Microwave Chemical Co., Ltd. (Osaka) have started joint development of a new microwave-based chemical recycling technology to directly transform used plastic into basic chemical feedstock. The two companies are implementing various steps to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050, and aim to commercialize the new technology soon. Microwave-chemical-recycling – PET-Resin

SDK and Microwave Chemical will aim to develop a technology that decomposes used plastic containers and packaging by irradiating microwave, thereby producing basic chemical feedstock such as ethylene and propylene. By the end of this year, the two companies will study conditions for formation of product through microwave heating, search for catalysts to improve the yield of targeted components, and try to optimize conditions and processes for decomposition to establish basic technology.

In the joint technology development, the two companies will use microwave heating, a kind of electric heating used also in a microwave oven. When an object is irradiated, microwave directly affects dielectric material, resulting in internal heating, selective heating and rapid rise in temperature. Compared with other heating methods, microwave heating is special in that it heats only the object. In the planned process, we will use microwave absorber (filler) to give energy in a focused way to used plastic, enabling efficient decomposition of used plastic into basic chemical feedstock. It will also reduce energy consumption for decomposition compared with conventional methods. Taking advantage of such characteristics of microwave heating, we will aim to transform used plastic directly into basic chemical feedstock with low energy consumption and high efficiency. Microwave-chemical-recycling – PET-Resin

SDK has been engaged in chemical recycling operations since 2003 at its Kawasaki Plant, producing clean hydrogen and ammonia through thermal decomposition of used plastic. As a result, SDK has accumulated overall know-how concerning procurement of raw materials, decomposition, and manufacture of final product. (Chart 2) With its high-level technologies and deep expertise in process development, Microwave Chemical has the capability to scale up microwave technologies. In the area of chemical recycling, the company has established “PlaWave,” a platform of microwave-based plastic decomposition technology, thereby dealing with various types of plastic.

Microwave-chemical-recycling - PET-Resin

Microwave-chemical-recycling – PET-Resin

Polyurethane-recycling – Loop-battery-recycling 01-07-2022

Polymer-plants – Biobased-Nylon 46 01-07-2022

Polymer-plants – Biobased-Nylon 46

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

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-Biobased, High-Performance Aliphatic Nylon 46

DSM’s Stanyl B-MB 100% biobased version of the company’s flagship Stanyl 46 and said to be an ‘industry-first launch’ of a biobased high-temperature nylon.

A new 100% biobased content high-performance aliphatic nylon 46 has been added to the Stanyl nylon 46 portfolio of DSM Engineering Materials.

Designated Stanyl B-MB (Biobased Mass Balanced), this more sustainable version of the company’s flagship material, reportedly offers the same high performance offered by its virgin counterpart. Polyurethane-recycling – Loop-battery-recycling

Its excellent high-temperature mechanics (melting temperature of 554 F/290 C), superior flow and processing, and distinguished wear and friction resistance make it ideal for high-temperature applications in automotive, electronics, electrical, and consumer goods industries, such as USB connectors, automotive and industrial actuator gears, powertrain timing chains, bearing cages, and food contact conveyors.

Using the maximum possible levels of biomass-waste feedstock, it enables DSM to halve the carbon footprint of this product line and, in turn, of the Stanyl B-MB-based products of its customers. This ‘industry-first launch’ of a 100% biobased high-temperature nylon underlines the company’s ongoing commitment to helping customers fulfil their sustainability ambitions by making planet-positive choices and supporting the transition to a circular and biobased economy. Polyurethane-recycling – Loop-battery-recycling

Polymer-plants - Biobased-Nylon 46

-Avient debuts next-generation solutions to facilitate use of recycled plastics in packaging applications

Avient Corporation, a premier provider of specialized and sustainable material solutions and services, today introduced its breakthrough PCR Color Prediction Service for polyolefins and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) resins, and the company’s new polyolefin antioxidants, Cesa™ Nox A4R Additives for Recycling.  Polymer-plants – Biobased-Nylon 46

These sustainability solutions are specifically designed to improve the customer experience of working with post-consumer recycled (PCR) content for materials used in packaging. Both align with the eight ways Avient helps customers be more sustainable.

“Avient is fully committed to increasing opportunities to expand the use of recycled polymers, addressing any barriers that arise either during the recycling process or when customers want to incorporate PCR content into existing or new applications,” said Norbert Merklein, vice president and general manager for the Europe, Middle East and Africa regions of Color, Additives and Inks at Avient. “Our Cesa Nox A4R Additives for Recycling, together with the PCR Color Prediction Service, help overcome these roadblocks. These are two new ways Avient is contributing to the circular economy and empowering customers to meet their sustainability goals.”  Polyurethane-recycling – Loop-battery-recycling

Calculating the Color Gamut

The PCR Color Prediction Service, helps brand owners understand what colors are achievable based on the amount of PCR used. It uses sophisticated technology to determine – through prior color matching – if colors are feasible in a new application that incorporates PCR content. A first of its kind for the plastics industry, this internally developed solution also calculates how much PCR content can be added to an existing application without affecting its signature color.  Polymer-plants – Biobased-Nylon 46

Using proprietary software, Avient experts measure resin characteristics to identify the gamut of colors that can be successfully reproduced in a specific PCR-based material.

Avient debuts next-generation solutions to facilitate use of recycled plastics in packaging applications

-thyssenkrupp to build three major polymer plants for Merions in Turkey

thyssenkrupp Industrial Solutions’ subsidiary Uhde Inventa-Fischer signed a contract to build new world-scale polymer plants for MERINOS HALI SANAYI VE TICARET A.S., Turkey, said Hydrocarbonprocessing.

The plant will use Uhde Inventa-Fischer’s proprietary patented MTR (Melt-to-Resin) technology to produce 330,000 tpy of resin for the production of PET bottles as well as bright chips for textile applications.

Ali Erdemoglu, Chairman of Merinos Hali San. Ve Tic. A.S.: “The foundations of the companies and brands of Erdemoglu Holding, which have become a giant company by adding new ones to its achievements day by day, were laid in 1970. Merinos Hali, one the major group of companies of Erdemoglu Holding, will secure his international quality standard and global leadership in the carpet industry with its state-of-the-art production facilities.Polymer-plants – Biobased-Nylon 46

It is an honor to cooperate with UIF for our growth strategy.”

Werner Steinauer, CEO of Uhde Inventa-Fischer: “We are very proud that Merinos chose us to build a MTR plant for bottle grade and textile application. Scope of delivery for all plants includes basic and detail engineering, delivery of all necessary components, technical services regarding plant erection as well as supervision of erection and commissioning.”

MTR – a cost-effective solution for producing high-quality PET resin The MTR process eliminates the SSP (solid-state polycondensation) and leads to substantial energy savings. It reduces investment, operating and maintenance costs, has a higher raw material yield and results in products of superior quality. The MTR process is based on Uhde Inventa-Fischer’s proprietary 2-Reactor technology which uses the patented ESPREE and DISCAGE reactors to obtain the desired high melt viscosities.

As per MRC, Thyssenkrupp suspended its 2021/22 forecast for free cash flow before mergers and acquisitions for due to the Ukraine crisis and said it was unclear if it would still be able to spin off its steel division, said the company.

Although the group’s sales from Russia and Ukraine are negligible at significantly less than one percent of total sales, the Executive Board estimates that the group’s business performance will be impacted by the far-reaching macroeconomic and geopolitical consequences of the war in Ukraine. Polymer-plants – Biobased-Nylon 46

thyssenkrupp to build three major polymer plants for Merions in Turkey

-Covestro says investments boost polyurethane recycling

European company establishes partnerships to close loops for tarps, mattress foam and other products.

German-based polymers producer Covestro AG says it is working to “align itself comprehensively with circularity and help make it the global guiding principle” as it develops technologies to reuse plastics and return them to the value cycle, “often in close cooperation with partners.”

The goal of one new collaboration, with Switzerland-based backpack and messenger bag producer Freitag, is “the unlimited recycling of truck tarps, based on thermoplastic polyurethanes (TPUs),” Covestro says. At the end of their useful life, the tarps are to be recycled via a chemical recycling process and used for new tarps or other products, the firm says. Polymer-plants – Biobased-Nylon 46

Covestro says its focus to date has been on proven mechanical recycling to obtain materials. More recently, it sees chemical recycling processes, in which polymer molecules are broken down chemically, as a way forward.

Calling mechanical recycling “particularly suitable for polycarbonates,” Covestro says numerous corresponding products from Covestro are already on the market, including polycarbonate blends for IT applications with up to 75 percent recycled material.

“In addition, new plastic products are designed from the outset to be easier to recycle at the end of their useful life,” the company says.

A consortium of industrial partners in the Circular Foam project is researching processes for the chemical recycling of rigid polyurethane foam, according to Covestro, which says it is guiding that effort.

Polymer-plants - Biobased-Nylon 46

-Can closed loop battery recycling and geothermal lithium help solve the supply crunch?

Analysts warn that a lithium supply chain crunch could come as soon as 2023 — and put a potential damper on U.S. vehicle electrification goals.

Five- to tenfold growth is expected in the global lithium battery market over the next decade as people shift to electric vehicles (EVs), but already lithium supplies are tight.

“Big companies probably feel like there’s a lot of lithium in the world right now, and I’m going to get access to it,” Venkat Srinivasan, director of the Argonne Collaborative Center for Energy Storage Science and deputy director of the Joint Center for Energy Storage Research, told GreenBiz. “But for everybody else, if you don’t have that long-term contract, what do you do?”Polymer-plants – Biobased-Nylon 46

Companies that use lithium outside of the EV market are especially feeling the pain, he told GreenBiz. Some can’t get anyone to answer their calls.

President Joe Biden invoked the Defense Production Act in March to encourage domestic production of minerals for lithium batteries. But with China, Australia and Chile producing most of the world’s lithium, and China manufacturing roughly 70 percent of the world’s EV batteries, the U.S. has a lot of catching up to do.

Nevertheless, Srinivasan is optimistic that the U.S. will solve its supply chain crunch. A lot of people are “throwing ideas at the wall,” he said, and that means something has to stick. Plus, he’s excited that many companies finally have market funding in the $100 million range. “People like me who are feeding the R&D pipeline have companies that are now looking at these solutions very carefully because they have the funding to scale,” he said.

Here’s what looks promising in the near-to-medium term:

A closed loop lithium-ion battery economy

A handful of companies have cracked the challenges of lithium battery recycling and are commercializing a promising new technology for recovering lithium, cobalt and nickel from spent batteries. Investors are pouring in hundreds of millions to the industry, while the Biden administration earmarked $3.16 billion toward it.

A lithium battery recycling industry could provide a new source of lithium within the next few years, and without the environmental and community impacts from mining new materials

Ascend Elements of Westborough, Massachusetts, is a pioneer of this technology. It shreds batteries, extracts the impurities and leaves behind valuable lithium, cobalt and nickel in a “black mass.” It then converts the black mass into battery cathodes in a closed loop system that produces minimal waste. The technology is a vast improvement over smelting or burning batteries, a simple but inefficient process that produces waste and toxic air emissions. Polymer-plants – Biobased-Nylon 46

Polymer-plants - Biobased-Nylon 46

-Faerch: Renaming of 4PET Recycling to “Cirrec” – Further recycling capacities for tray-to-tray recycling

Faerch Group, a manufacturer of rigid food packaging and integrated recycler, recently announced the renaming of its subsidiary 4PET Recycling to “Cirrec”. The new name therefore reflects the company’s commitment to circular recycling of food packaging. By ordering additional capacity, “Cirrec” aims to expand tray-to-tray recycling to countries across Europe and is driving the development of the establishment of food-grade tray RPET, regenerated from pots, tubs and trays, as a new commodity on the market.

The new name “Cirrec” underlines the company’s focus on “CIRcular RECycling”. In contrast to downcycling, circular recycling returns products to their original use without loss of quality and food safety. Functional properties such as food quality, color, impact resistance, etc. are retained or completely recovered.Polymer-plants – Biobased-Nylon 46

According to a presee information, “Cirrec” already processes industrial quantities and recycles the equivalent of 1.2 billion food trays per year. This should roughly correspond to the entire Dutch market for sorted rigid PET food packaging for the household or alternatively to the total amount of sorted PET pots, cups and trays in Scandinavia.

According to the information, “Cirrec” has begun to expand its shell recycling capacities to other countries in Europe. The next two tray washers have already been ordered, which is expected to quadruple production capacity to more than five billion food trays per year by 2025.

Polymer-plants - Biobased-Nylon 46

-Caprolactam drops below supporting line, may continue bottoming

In the past two weeks, due to the impact of the Fed’s interest rate hike, the global market has generally declined. In nylon industry, in addition to the impact of the decline in crude oil, the aromatic market was quickly giving up previous surge, and these had all accelerated this round of downward adjustment in CPL and nylon 6 market.

From June 13th to June 23rd, the price of CPL RMB spot plunged. In nine working days, it quickly dropped from 15,300yuan/mt to 14,000yuan/mt, with a cumulative drop of 1,300yuan/mt. As Brent crude rebounded, CPL fell to 13,900yuan/mt on June 27 after a two-day brief adjustment. During the same period, nylon 6 chip market also fell chaotically. Polymer-plants – Biobased-Nylon 46

In terms of industry fundamentals, CPL and nylon 6 chip are still facing the extreme pull from cost and demand. But it is not enough to give a clear direction only from the consideration of the long and short factors of the macro and the nylon industrial chain alone.

Let’s talk about the conclusion first, considering the performance of crude oil, commodity index, bulk chemical indexes and related products, CPL market may continue bottoming downward. Here we just talk about two most related aromatic products, benzene and styrene.

Polymer-plants - Biobased-Nylon 46

-The world’s first CO2 battery for long-duration energy storage is being commercialized

Italian startup Energy Dome has now begun to commercialize the world’s first CO2 Battery, which was launched earlier this month in Sardinia, Italy. The battery uses carbon dioxide to store renewable energy on the grid, and Energy Dome says the technology can be quickly deployed anywhere in the world.

June 28 update: Energy Dome today announced that it has secured $11 million in bridge funding, which will enable it to buy equipment for a 20-megawatt/200-megawatt-hour/10-hour duration facility for Italian utility A2A, with which it has a memorandum of understanding. Polymer-plants – Biobased-Nylon 46

The Evolution Fund of asset management company CDP Venture Capital Sgr, together with existing investor Barclays, led the convertible funding. Swiss family office Novum Capital Partners, an existing shareholder in Energy Dome, also joined the round.

With the closing of this latest convertible round, Energy Dome has now raised a total of nearly $25 million since the company emerged from stealth mode in February 2020. Its series B round is planned for later in 2022

World’s first CO2 Battery

Energy Dome sited the CO2 Battery in Sardinia to favor speed to market and ease of execution, as it’s in an industrial area with an existing electrical connection. Further, Sardinia currently uses coal, but the fossil fuel will be phased out by 2025. The battery can be paired with both wind and solar.

Energy Dome began its operations in February 2020 and has progressed from a concept to full testing at multimegawatt scale in just over two years.

Energy Dome Founder and CEO Claudio Spadacini said:

The CO2 Battery is now commercially available to make cost-effective renewable energy dispatchable on a global scale.

Energy Dome asserted that its CO2 Battery facility in Sardinia uses off-the-shelf equipment available from a globally established supply chain, and said that rapid global deployment of the CO2 Battery is now possible without bottlenecks.

The company has secured multiple commercial agreements, including one with Italian utility A2A for the construction of the first 20 MW-5h facility. Earlier this year, Energy Dome also signed a nonexclusive license agreement with Ansaldo Energia, a power generation plant and component provider, to build long-duration energy storage projects in Italy, Germany, the Middle East, and Africa.

Energy Dome’s plan is backed by investors that include European deep tech venture capital firm 360 Capital, Barclays, Novum Capital Partners, and Third Derivative.

How the CO2 Battery works

CO2 is one of the few gases that can be condensed and stored as a liquid under pressure at ambient temperature, so, as Energy Dome states on its website, it’s the perfect fluid to store energy cost-effectively in a closed thermodynamic process. It allows for high-density energy storage without the need to go to extremely low temperatures.

Spadacini explained how it works to Bloomberg in May:

To charge the battery, we take CO2 at near atmospheric temperature and pressure and we compress it. The heat that is generated during compression is stored. When we exchange the thermal energy with the atmosphere, the CO2 gas becomes liquid.

To generate and dispatch electricity, the liquid CO2 is heated up and converted back into a gas that powers a turbine, which generates power. The CO2 gas is always contained and the entire system is sealed.Polymer-plants – Biobased-Nylon 46

We don’t use any exotic materials. The technology uses steel, CO2 and water. So there is no dependency on rare earth materials like cobalt or lithium. This makes our technology geopolitically independent. It can be produced everywhere and it can be used everywhere.

The world’s first CO2 battery for long-duration energy storage is being commercialized

Polymer-plants – Biobased-Nylon 46

Recycled-content – PET-like-plastic 30-06-2022

Recycled-content – PET-like-plastic 30-06-2022

Recycled-content – PET-like-plastic

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime

-Gentlemen here we are, here is the battery that lasts 28,000 years, and will change the world
Thanks to the San Francisco startup Nano Diamond Battery, in a few years you could buy a battery made of radioactive diamonds that will last longer than your life and that of your children and that of their children, and beyond.
To build it, incredibly small layers of nano diamonds (one billionth of a meter) are used, which are exceptional conductors of heat, ideal for electronic devices, much more than copper and silver.
Scientists grow these miniature diamonds using chemical vapor deposition, a process in which gases at extremely high temperatures force carbon to crystallize onto a substrate material.
This process produces blue colored diamonds and higher conductivity than the average diamond. True blue diamonds occur naturally on Earth, but are rarer and even more expensive than man-made blue diamonds.
The big problem with this technology at the moment is the nuclear waste it contains, which is why it has been hypothesized that it can be used for space probes and vehicles with no one on board, which would have almost infinite energy to travel as far as they want.

 Nano Diamond Battery

-Innovia unveils new film targeting PP & PE bottles

Innovia Films has unveiled RayoWrap CMS, a clear BOPP film for shrink, wraparound label applications.

Produced at its UK production facility, Innovia said that CMS30 provides high shrinkage, but only in the machine direction, targeting film for labelling contoured drinkable dairy and beverage containers.

This film is designed for use on small PP or PE bottles, as it can be easily removed to aid recycling of the bottle, or the whole labelled container can be recycled in a polyolefin stream. According to Innovia, this helps the final pack be fully recyclable, and therefore meeting the Plastic Recyclers Europe packaging design recommendations.

Alasdair McEwen, product manager, labels, said: “The technical performance of CMS30, means it performs at every stage of the value chain, from ease of printing, through high-speed roll fed wraparound labelling, and then on to the all-important end-of-life and recycling of the packaging.

-Borealis markets recycled-content line

European firm is making base chemicals with discarded materials content, including plastic scrap and discarded organic materials.

Austria, based chemicals firm Borealis AG says it is strengthening its EverMinds circular product line by offering Borvida, which it calls “a range of sustainable base chemicals.”

The product line will initially be based on what Borealis calls non-food waste biomass, and chemically recycled plastic scrap. In the future it may also draw from atmospheric carbon capture materials.  Recycled-content – PET-like-plastic

The Borvida portfolio will offer base chemicals or cracker products (such as ethylene, propylene, butene and phenol) with International Sustainability & Carbon Certification (ISCC) Plus-certified sustainable content from Borealis sites in Finland, Sweden and Belgium.

“We are committed to helping to solve the climate crisis through offering credible and sustainable solutions,” says Thomas Van De Velde, a Borealis senior vice president “With the Borvida portfolio, we’re enabling our customers to respond to the growing market demand for sustainably-produced base chemicals without compromising on quality or efficiency. With launching our Borvida portfolio, we are continuously striving towards reinventing essentials for sustainable living.”

The portfolio will initially consist of Borvida B, made from non-food waste biomass, and Borvida C, from chemically recycled waste. In the future, the range may include Borvida A, sourced from atmospheric carbon capture.

The company labels Borvida as complementary and as a building block to Bornewables, a portfolio of polyolefins based on renewably-sourced second generation feedstocks, and Borcycle, which offers circular polyolefins produced from mechanically and chemically recycled plastic scrap.

The basis of the Borvida portfolio is mass balance, a chain of custody model designed to enable sustainable content to be tracked, traced and verified through the entire value chain.  Recycled-content – PET-like-plastic

Recycled-content - PET-like-plastic

-Iran applies to join India, China and Russia in BRICS club

Iran’s membership in the BRICS group “would result in added values for both sides”, Iran’s Foreign Ministry spokesperson said. Russia said Argentina had also applied to join.

Iran, which holds the world’s second largest gas reserves, has applied to join the BRICS group of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa that Beijing and Moscow cast as a powerful emerging market alternative to the West. Recycled-content – PET-like-plastic

The term BRIC was coined by Goldman Sachs economist Jim O’Neill in 2001 to describe the startling rise of Brazil, Russia, India, China. The BRIC powers had their first summit in 2009 in Russia. South Africa joined in 2010.

Iran’s membership in the BRICS group “would result in added values for both sides”, Iran’s Foreign Ministry spokesperson said. Russia said Argentina had also applied to join.

Russia cast the applications as evidence that the West, led by the United States, was failing to isolate Moscow after the invasion of Ukraine.

“While the White House was thinking about what else to turn off in the world, ban or spoil, Argentina and Iran applied to join the BRICS,” Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said.

Argentine officials could not be reached for immediate comment but President Alberto Fernandez, currently in Europe, has in recent days reiterated his desire for Argentina to join BRICS.

China has by far the largest economy in the BRICS grouping, accounting for more than 70% of the group’s collective $27.5 trillion economic might. India accounts for about 13%, with Russia and Brazil each accounting for about 7%, according to IMF data.

BRICS account for more than 40% of the world’s population and about 26% of the global economy. Recycled-content – PET-like-plastic

Since the Iranian Revolution of 1979 swept U.S.-backed Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi from power, Iran has been ostracised by the West and its economy crippled by a myriad of sanctions. It hold’s around a quarter of the Middle East’s oil reserves.

Recycled-content - PET-like-plastic

-Tronox Issues 2021 Sustainability Report

Tronox Holdings plc (NYSE: TROX) (“Tronox” or the “Company”), the world’s leading integrated manufacturer of titanium dioxide pigment, today announced the publication of its 2021 sustainability report: “Brilliant Transformation.” The report details the significant steps taken over the last year to advance its leadership role in sustainability and protecting the environment:

Accelerated its targets to reach carbon neutrality by 2050.

Entered an agreement for renewable solar energy in South Africa, which will reduce Tronox’s global GHG emissions intensity approximately 13 percent from the 2019 baseline.

Restructured its Board to designate a committee with specific responsibility for sustainability oversight. Recycled-content – PET-like-plastic

Aligned with the Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) and Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB) reporting.

“This year, we set new goals and commitments to achieve a brilliant transformation and empowered our people to seek opportunities to achieve them,” said Melissa Zona, senior vice president, chief sustainability and human resources officer. “The ESG targets we set in last year’s report were our first public targets and were done as steps toward achieving carbon neutrality. Just one year later, we are updating and accelerating these targets, enabled by successes across the organization.”

Tronox commits to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. The Company’s initial goal to reduce GHG emissions intensity (compared to 2019 baseline) by 15% by 2025 has been increased to 35%. The initial goal of 35% by 2030 has been updated to 50%.

Tronox intends to reduce the amount of waste that it sends to landfills by 15% in 2025 and 25% in 2030, with zero waste to external dedicated landfills by 2050.

Tronox is targeting a goal of zero injuries, zero incidents, and zero harm by building capabilities in its people, plants, and processes. Recycled-content – PET-like-plastic

Tronox is striving to improve gender balance and diversity of its workforce, leadership and succession planning in order to build a workplace that is even more representative of its local communities and where all people feel valued, represented and respected.

Recycled-content - PET-like-plastic

-Euratex’s ReHubs initiative to tackle Europe’s massive textile waste problem

ReHubs, an initiative by the European Apparel and Textile Federation (Euratex) launched in 2020, aims to tackle Europe’s huge textile waste problem – currently, 7 to 7.5 million tons of it are generated (mainly by private households) but only about 30 to 35 percent are collected. Recycled-content – PET-like-plastic

The European waste law wants to change that and accordingly, all EU member states must separately collect textile waste in the next 2.5 years.

While some countries are designing schemes to face the waste collection challenge, currently no large-scale plan exists to process it – and this is where Euratex’s ReHubs initiative comes in as it plans to pursue fibre-to-fibre recycling for 2.5 millions tons of textile waste by 2030.

Textile recycling is lucrative

According to the ReHubs Techno Economic Master Study (TES), the textile recycling industry could generate around 15,000 direct new jobs by 2030 in Europe, and increase the need for nearshoring and reshoring of textile manufacturing. This would result in economic, social and environmental benefits amounting to 3.5 billion to 4.5 billion euros by 2030.

“Transform Waste into Feedstock”, ReHubs first project, aims at building up a 50,000 tons capacity facility by 2024, led by Texaid AG. It will focus on further developing and scaling such sorting technologies. Recycled-content – PET-like-plastic

“We assess that to reach a fibre-to-fibre recycling rate of around 18 to 26 percent by 2030, a capital expenditure investment in the range of 6 billion to 7 billion euros will be needed, particularly to scale up sufficient sorting and processing infrastructure,” estimates Euratex.

In addition to “Transform Waste into Feedstock”, three further projects have been announced: to increase the adoption of mechanically recycled fibres in the value chain, to expand capacity by solving technical challenges for thermo-mechanical textiles recycling, and to create a capsule collection with post-consumer recycled products.

What is the ReHubs initiative?

The ReHubs initiative consists of three stakeholder groups: a business council pooling together pioneering companies to perform the TES study; a stakeholder forum with a wider pool of business, research and academia players, which has been gathered twice to share high-level information and to support future collaboration, and a Euratex task force with 14 national associations to review progress of the ReHubs initiatives and to align with policy and industry developments and on a national level.

Recycled-content - PET-like-plastic

-German environment minister backs EU fossil fuel car phaseout, with tweak

Germany’s environment minister says the country will support EU plans for a 2035 ban on new fossil-fuel cars, with a tweak. Recycled-content – PET-like-plastic

Germany can support a European Union proposal to effectively ban new fossil fuel car sales from 2035, if an option is added to allow sales of cars running on “CO2 neutral” fuels, German environment minister Steffi Lemke said.

“This addition is important to Germany in terms of our position, we believe it can also be a bridge for the overall discussion,” Lemke told a meeting of EU environment ministers, who are attempting to agree a deal on the law on Tuesday.

Germany’s proposed addition to the law would ask Brussels to make a separate proposal allowing vehicles “running exclusively on CO2-neutral fuels” to be sold after 2035, she said.

The comments are in contrast with those of Finance Minister Christian Lindner, who said at an event hosted by Germany’s BDI industry association last week that the German government would not agree to the plan.

Lemke said earlier that she expected difficult discussions on EU rules regarding emissions-emitting cars, which are to be part of a package of ambitious climate laws she is discussing with EU counterparts. Recycled-content – PET-like-plastic

Italy, Portugal, Slovakia, Bulgaria and Romania want to delay the end of combustion-engine sales by five years to 2040, according to a document seen by Reuters.

The policy is a key pillar of the EU’s plans to tackle rising emissions as the bloc strives to cut economy-wide net greenhouse gas emissions 55 percent by 2030, from 1990 levels.

German environment minister backs EU fossil fuel car phaseout, with tweak

-EPFL researchers develop PET-like plastic from waste biomass

It could become a stronger alternative to PLA used in 3D printing for packaging and bottles

EPFL scientists have developed a new, PET-like plastic that is easily made from the non-edible parts of plants. Recycled-content – PET-like-plastic

The plastic is tough, heat-resistant, and a good barrier to gases like oxygen, making it a promising candidate for food packaging. Due to its structure, the new plastic can also be chemically recycled and degrade back to harmless sugars in the environment. Used in 3D printing, it could also provide a viable and stronger alternative to PLA, used for end-use applications such as packaging and bottles.

The development of degradable or recyclable polymers made from non-edible plant material referred to as “lignocellulosic biomass”, are part of an effort to address the challenges deriving from both fossil fuels and the accumulation of plastics in the environment. Producing competitive biomass-based plastics is not straightforward. In the article reporting the findings on the official EPFL website, EPFL’s Nik Papageorgiou points out that conventional plastics are so widespread because they combine low cost, heat stability, mechanical strength, processability, and compatibility – features that any alternative plastic replacements must match or surpass. And so far, the task has been challenging.

The EPFL scientists, led by Professor Jeremy Luterbacher at EPFL’s School of Basic Sciences, have successfully developed a PET-like plastic, which is biomass-derived plastic and meets the criteria for replacing several current plastics while also being more environmentally friendly. Recycled-content – PET-like-plastic

Highly transparent and flexible strand of the bioplastic. Credit: Lorenz Manker

“We essentially just ‘cook’ wood or other non-edible plant material, such as agricultural wastes, in inexpensive chemicals to produce the plastic precursor in one step,” said Luterbacher. “By keeping the sugar structure intact within the molecular structure of the plastic, the chemistry is much simpler than current alternatives.”

The technique is based on a discovery that Luterbacher and his colleagues published in 2016, where adding an aldehyde could stabilize certain fractions of plant material and avoid their destruction during extraction. By repurposing this chemistry, the researchers were able to rebuild a new useful bio-based chemical as a plastic precursor.

EPFL researchers develop PET-like plastic from waste biomass

Recycled-content – PET-like-plastic

Green-hydrogen – Multilayer-PET-plastic 29-06-2022

Green-hydrogen – Multilayer-PET-plastic 29-06-2022

Green-hydrogen – Multilayer-PET-plastic

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime

-ExxonMobil, partners to study potential of green hydrogen and ammonia in Norway

ExxonMobil has teamed up with Grieg Edge, North Ammonia, and GreenH to study the potential of the Slagen facility to produce green hydrogen, and distribute green ammonia

ExxonMobil, together with its partners, is set to explore the potential production and distribution of green hydrogen and ammonia for lower-emission marine fuels at its Slagen terminal in Norway.

The company has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Grieg Edge, North Ammonia, and GreenH to study the green hydrogen and ammonia hub project.

The feasibility study will assess the potential of the Slagen facility to produce up to 20,000 metric tonnes (MT) of green hydrogen, and distribute up to 100,000MT of green ammonia per annum.  Green-hydrogen – Multilayer-PET-plastic

The terminal is located at the opening of the Oslofjord, an inlet in the southeast of Norway, where more than 10,000 ships pass through every year.

ExxonMobil will contribute its global experience and expertise in developing complex projects that support greenhouse gas emissions reductions, for the feasibility study.

Grieg Edge, GreenH and North Ammonia will contribute their expertise in sustainable maritime transport, hydrogen infrastructure, and project development.

Grieg Maritime Group CEO Matt Duke said: “With the complementary expertise amongst the MOU partners, we have now taken an important next step in our efforts to achieve emissions reductions in the maritime sector”

Green-hydrogen - Multilayer-PET-plastic

Repetco receives the Retina ECO award to the SME in innovation and sustainability for recycling of multilayer PET plastic

Repetco was awarded with the prize ‘SME for innovation and sustainability’, in the second edition of the Retina ECO Awards, which are in collaboration with Capgemini. This award has recognised the technology developed by the company for a problem that, until now, remained unsolved: the recycling of multilayer PET plastic, very present in food packaging and one of the most difficult materials to recycle. Green-hydrogen – Multilayer-PET-plastic

In addition, the construction of the first industrial-scale plant in the world for the recycling of this type of plastics has added value to achieve this award, since its operating dynamics will be based on avoiding the use of chemicals, reducing emissions and favoring the circular economy thanks to the recovery of raw materials.

Awards with a real and urgent objective

Rafael Sánchez-Castillo Lodares, founder and CEO of Repetco, highlighted the problem facing the recycling of PET plastics: every year in Europe, 1.3 million tons of these plastics are buried or incinerated. “This happens because they cannot be recycled, but Repetco’s technology is going to enable this for the first time.” It represents, therefore, a revolution in recycling and the circular economy.

This edition was presided by H.M. The Queen of Spain and was also attended by the Third Vice-President of the Government and Minister for Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge, Teresa Ribera. Green-hydrogen – Multilayer-PET-plastic

Ribera, who closed the event with a speech highlighting the value of the award-winning projects, stressed the importance of combining the intelligent use of resources, taking advantage of the technologies av

Repetco receives the Retina ECO award to the SME in innovation and sustainability for recycling of multilayer PET plastic

-Array of Recycling Machinery to Debut at K 2022

EREMA will present several recycling equipment innovations at K Show, live recycling demonstrations, and an exhibit of products made from recycled materials.

EREMA Group has announced a series of new products it will display at K 2022, October 19-26 in Dusseldorf.  They include:

  • A larger VACUREMA recycling extruder with advanced plastification technology, able to process up to 13, 227 lb/hr while using 10% less energy. The technology also promises a broader process window and gentler material treatment.
  • EREMA’s entry into chemical recycling, CHEMEREMA, which will focus on optimizing extruder output for downstream chemical recycling.
  • A small-footprint extruder for inline trim recycling, the ALPHA XS. ALPHA XS can process up to 110 lb/hr and features air-cooled pelletizing.
  • A prefabricated recycling extruder, the READYMAC.
  • LaserFilter 406, an extrusion filter with 50% increased area, providing capacity up to 19,840 lb/hr. Green-hydrogen – Multilayer-PET-plastic
  • Industrial-scale deinking to support recycling of printed film.
  • PredictOn, new equipment instrumentation and software which will enable predictive maintenance by reporting early changes to critical equipment components. PredictOn will begin with drivetrain monitoring, with other systems to follow.
  • BluPort apps for real-time monitoring of machine performance.

EREMA also recently announced an investment in start-up company Plasticprenuer, a manufacturer of mobile recycling equipment. Plasticpreneur focuses on providing recycling solutions in regions that lack infrastructure for larger equipment.

Array of Recycling Machinery to Debut at K 2022

-PolyStyreneLoop: German EPS processors save recycling plant

A consortium of several German EPS processors has rescued PolyStyreneLoop (Terneuzen / Netherlands) from insolvency.  Green-hydrogen – Multilayer-PET-plastic

This means that the first industrial plant for the recycling of EPS insulation materials from demolition and renovation work can be restarted one year after initial commissioning, as the Industrieverband Hartschaum (IVH, Berlin) announces.

The Dutch PS-Loop BV is now a wholly-owned subsidiary of German EPS Converters Group GmbH & Co KG (GEC). Behind this are investment companies of the Bachl, Rygol Dämmstoffe and Brohlburg Dämmstoff- und Recyclingwerke groups.

—————————————————————————————————–-PolyStyreneLoop Cooperative Offers An Efficient Recycling System To Recover Old Polystyrene Foam

Giving new life to insulation waste material

Polystyrene (PS) foam is a widely used insulation material in the construction sector. In Europe, expanded and extruded polystyrene (EPS and XPS) has been applied since the 1960s. To meet fire safety regulations, a flame retardant is added to the PS-foam. From the 1980s onwards the most common flame retardant used in insulation, textiles, and electronics was hexabromocyclododecane  (HBCD). Green-hydrogen – Multilayer-PET-plastic

In 2013, HBCD was classified as persistent organic pollutant (POP) under the UN Stockholm Convention and it is in the list as a restricted chemical. The residual levels of HBCD in products and waste are now regulated. The PolyStyreneLoop cooperative, currently gathering over 70 members from the entire PS foam value chain across Europe, was founded in November 2017 with the aim to contribute to the circular economy by developing and offering a recycling solution for PS-foam demolition waste containing HBCD. Together with companies from all over Europe, an efficient recycling system has been created which can give end-of-life Polystyrene foam a new life by removing HBCD from the demolition waste.

The Polystyreneloop demoplant was inaugurated in Terneuzen, The Netherlands, on June 16th 2021 adjacent to the ICL manufacturing plant. The plant will be able to convert over 3300 metric tonnes  of Polystyrene foam waste per year, offering valuable streams of Polystyrene polymer and elemental bromine. This entails a waste treatment process, which  reduces carbon emissions by approximately 50% compared to the current solution involving incineration with energy recovery.  Green-hydrogen – Multilayer-PET-plastic

-Repsol strengthens compounding in Spain
A new line for the production of polypropylene compounds reinforced with glass fiber for automotive applications started up in Aragon.
The Spanish group Repsol has unveiled another piece of its European capacity expansion program, in this case relating to compounding activities.

With an investment of around 4.5 million euros, recently inaugurated a new line in the Polidux plant, in Monzón (Huesca), dedicated to the production of polypropylene compounds reinforced with glass fiber.  Green-hydrogen – Multilayer-PET-plastic
The intervention has increased the previous capacity of this family of high-performance materials intended for technical molding, in particular for automotive applications, by over 30%.

As part of the group’s strategy towards the circular economy, the new compounding line will also favor the development of fiber-reinforced materials with recycled content, increasingly in demand in components for cars and household appliances, marketed by Repsol under the Reciclex brand.  Green-hydrogen – Multilayer-PET-plastic

Green-hydrogen - Multilayer-PET-plastic

-Degradable plastic made from inedible plant parts developed

It is challenging, heat resistant, and a sound barrier against gases such as oxygen, making it a promising candidate for food packaging. Green-hydrogen – Multilayer-PET-plastic


Scientists at the Federal Polytechnic School of Lausanne (EPFL) have developed a new PET-like plastic easily made from the inedible parts of plants.

It is tough, heat resistant, and a good barrier against gases such as oxygen, making it a promising candidate for food packaging, and in addition, due to its structure, it can also be chemically recycled and degraded to harmless sugars in the environment.

According to the authors, it is becoming increasingly clear that moving away from fossil fuels and avoiding the accumulation of plastics in the environment is essential to meet the challenge of climate change. In this regard, considerable efforts are being made to develop degradable or recyclable polymers from non-edible plant material, called “lignocellulosic biomass.”  Green-hydrogen – Multilayer-PET-plastic

They point out that producing competitive plastics based on biomass is not easy. However, there is a reason why conventional plastics are so widespread, as they combine low cost, thermal stability, mechanical strength, processability, and compatibility, characteristics that any alternative substitute for plastic must match or exceed, so until now, the task has been a challenge.

But now, scientists led by Professor Jeremy Luterbacher from EPFL’s School of Basic Sciences have successfully developed a plastic derived from biomass, similar to PET, that meets the criteria to replace several current plastics and, in addition, it is more environmentally friendly.

“Basically, we just have to ‘cook’ wood or other inedible plant material, such as agricultural waste, into cheap chemicals to produce the plastic precursor in one step,” Luterbacher explains. “By keeping the sugar structure intact Within the molecular structure of the plastic, the chemistry is much simpler than current alternatives.”

The technique builds on a discovery that Luterbacher and colleagues published in 2016, in which adding an aldehyde could stabilize specific fractions of plant material and prevent its destruction during extraction. By reusing this chemistry, the researchers could reconstruct a new bio-based valuable chemical as a precursor to plastic.

“Using a different aldehyde — glyoxylic acid instead of formaldehyde — we were able to simply attach ‘sticky’ groups to both sides of the sugar molecules, allowing them to act as plastic building blocks,” explains Lorenz Manker, the First author of the study — Using this simple technique, we can convert up to 25% by weight of agricultural waste, or 95% of purified sugar, into plastic.”  Green-hydrogen – Multilayer-PET-plastic

The comprehensive properties of these plastics could allow their use in applications ranging from packaging and textiles to medicine and electronics. For example, researchers have already made films for packaging, fibers that could be spun into clothing or other fabrics, and filaments for 3D printing.

Green-hydrogen - Multilayer-PET-plastic

-Alterra tech to be distributed in Europe by Neste

Ohio-based plastic scrap liquefication technology will be distributed in Europe by Finland-based Neste Oyj.  Green-hydrogen – Multilayer-PET-plastic

Finland-based Neste Oyj says it has purchased the European rights to plastic scrap liquefaction technology developed by Ohio-based Alterra Energy. Neste says the move will “further solidify” its “efforts to advance chemical recycling.”

The Finnish petrochemical firm with a growing presence in sustainable energy describes Alterra as having developed a proprietary thermochemical solution for liquefaction of hard-to-recycle plastic. “In Akron, Ohio, the company is already running an industrial-scale facility that transforms end-of-life plastics into an intermediate product, which can be further refined into raw material for new plastics and other petrochemical products,” Neste says.  Green-hydrogen – Multilayer-PET-plastic

In 2020, Neste acquired a minority stake in Alterra Energy, and the Finnish firm says subsequently it has further processed liquefied plastic scrap sourced from, among others, Alterra Energy in a series of trial runs at its refinery in Finland.

Green-hydrogen - Multilayer-PET-plastic

-Targeting 90-95% recovery of polymers from textile waste

Carbios has succeeded in producing both 100% enzymatically recycled white PET fibre and bottle-grade PET from mixed coloured textile waste, using its C-Zyme process.

The significance of this achievement was underlined by Bruno Langlois, the French company’s business development and partnership director, at EDANA’s International Nonwovens Conference held in Lyon, France, on June 8-9.

“Fibre to fibre recycling is the only way to achieve true circularity and for the pledges fashion brands have already made to be realised,” he said. “Our technology has the ability to tap into vast new sources for recycling PET and is based on a very selective enzyme that will only depolymerize PET and not other materials in waste clothing, such as adhesives, dyes and other polymers. Green-hydrogen – Multilayer-PET-plastic

“The process is low temperature and operates at atmospheric pressure with no solvents. The PET is extracted and separated and the recovered monomers are virgin quality.”

Prior to the C-Zyme process, the waste textiles are shredded and densified to reduce crystallinity and increase the surface area. C-Zyme can then degrade 98% of such a mass in 16 hours.

Green-hydrogen - Multilayer-PET-plastic

Green-hydrogen – Multilayer-PET-plastic

Chem-recycling – Plastic-eating-enzyme 28-06-2022

Chem-recycling – Plastic-eating-enzyme 28-06-2022

Chem-recycling – Plastic-eating-enzyme

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime

-Advanced Recycling Has Waste Plastic’s Number

Currently not all plastics are easily recycled or worth the ROI to do it, but three things are bringing the circular economy closer to fruition — artificial intelligence, a plastics-eating enzyme, and, yes, boundless inventory.

Much as the internet of things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI), and cryptocurrency are morphing into something different by the day, the recycling industry is busy with its own version of Transformers as it comes to terms with the need to recycle all seven plastics types. Chem-recycling – Plastic-eating-enzyme

Public perception has it that we’re drowning in plastic waste: We are told that the oceans will contain by weight more plastic than fish by 2050 and that we ingest the equivalent of a credit card (5 g) of plastic each week.

In spite of the best efforts of the media, politicians, and legislators to maintain their fear-based dogma, a bit of research puts the lie to these statements. The myriad reasons for such false narratives are beyond the scope of this article.

San Francisco-based Brightmark founder and CEO Bob Powell sums up the exciting future that lies ahead for all seven plastic types. He states that because of their chemical make-up, “plastics 3 to 7, in particular, are not easily recycled with other technologies, and typically end up in landfills, incinerators, or, sadly, in our oceans. We’re proud to have a proven, breakthrough closed-loop solution for transforming these raw materials back into useful products.”

Advanced Recycling Has Waste Plastic’s Number

-Carbon Capture Offers Great Advantages, Presents Big Challenges

The US Department of Energy’s $3.5-billion investment in carbon removal projects and similar initiatives worldwide are rapidly advancing the technology, but significant hurdles remain before it can be deployed at The harmful effects of climate change, caused by steadily increasing carbon emissions, are being felt worldwide.

While companies and research groups struggle to develop new technologies to reduce carbon emissions, some scientists are looking beyond a net-zero emission goal to a beyond-zero future that actively reduces the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

This is known as carbon capture, the removal and subsequent storage or conversion of carbon dioxide. Chem-recycling – Plastic-eating-enzyme

It is a nascent industry and also is referred to as direct air carbon removal, carbon utilization, carbon dioxide utilization, or carbontech.scale.

The harmful effects of climate change, caused by steadily increasing carbon emissions, are being felt worldwide. While companies and research groups struggle to develop new technologies to reduce carbon emissions, some scientists are looking beyond a net-zero emission goal to a beyond-zero future that actively reduces the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

This is known as carbon capture, the removal and subsequent storage or conversion of carbon dioxide. It is a nascent industry and also is referred to as direct air carbon removal, carbon utilization, carbon dioxide utilization, or carbontech.

The U.S. Department of Energy announced in May a $3.5-billion investment in direct air carbon removal projects, in an effort to encourage an industry that might help get the world’s planet-warming emissions under control.

Direct air carbon removal projects are similar to giant vacuums that capture carbon dioxide from the air and contain it. These projects then use chemicals to remove the gas from the air and store it in underground rocks or use it in various materials, such as concrete or chemicals.

]Nature removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere on its own in its forests, bogs, and oceans. But this natural process occurs at a rate that is far too slow to keep up with worldwide fossil fuel emissions. Chem-recycling – Plastic-eating-enzyme

The DOE’s $3.5-billion project, funded by the bipartisan infrastructure law, aims to develop four direct air capture hubs, each capable of removing more than 1 million tons of CO2 per year. Removing 1 million tons of CO2 per year is equivalent to taking 200,000 gas-powered cars off the road.

Chem-recycling - Plastic-eating-enzyme

-US Eastman considers building PET chem-recycling complex in Texas

Eastman is considering developing a chemical recycling project in Texas that would break down polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and repolymerise the resulting monomers into plastic, according to an application for a tax break.

Eastman would develop the project at its complex in Texas City. It would include a processing unit that would sort out PET from plastic waste, according to an application it made with the Texas City school district.

Another unit would break down the recovered polyester resin into monomers by using methanolysis, according to the application. A third unit would repolymerise the monomers to produce PET.

The project could produce more than 150,000 tonnes/year of plastic from recovered polyesters and mixed textiles, it said in the application. The value of the investment could be $850m. Chem-recycling – Plastic-eating-enzyme

Eastman estimates that the board of the school district could ratify a final agreement on the tax break in the fourth quarter of 2022. Construction could start in the fourth quarter of 2024. Commercial operations could start in the fourth quarter of 2026.

If Eastman builds the project, it would be similar to the one it is building in Kingsport, Tennessee. It should complete that project by the end of the first quarter of 2023.

Eastman said its decision to develop the Texas City project would be heavily influenced by the tax break.

Chem-recycling - Plastic-eating-enzyme

-New funding for plastic-eating enzyme research

The research is to look for new naturally occurring enzymes that can degrade plastic back into its chemical building blocks.

The University of Portsmouth has been awarded funding to look for new plastic-eating enzymes. Chem-recycling – Plastic-eating-enzyme

Angie Beckett, a Specialist Research Technician in the University’s Centre for Enzyme Innovation, will receive £25,000 to use genome sequencing to search for new naturally occurring enzymes that have the potential to degrade plastic back into its chemical building blocks.

The University is pioneering the use of enzymes to digest plastics such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET). PET is the most common thermoplastic, used to make single-use drinks bottles, clothing and carpets and it takes hundreds of years to break down in the environment.

The plastic-eating PETase enzyme breaks down PET back into its building blocks, creating an opportunity to recycle plastic infinitely and reduce plastic pollution and the greenhouse gases driving climate change. The University hopes to create similar cycles for other types of commonly used plastic.

“Nature often holds the key to these problems, so we intend to take samples from the environment and see if we can find the answers. Using sequencing to look at the DNA of bacteria living in close contact with plastic, we hope to discover new plastic-eating bacteria. I’m very excited to do this research and see what we can find.”

Angie said: “Although we have discovered enzymes that can break down PET, there is still some improvement needed to make it ready for plastic-recycling. There are also many other types of plastic that we need to figure out how to break down. Nature often holds the key to these problems, so we intend to take samples from the environment and see if we can find the answers. Using sequencing to look at the DNA of bacteria living in close contact with plastic, we hope to discover new plastic-eating bacteria. I’m very excited to do this research and see what we can find.” Chem-recycling – Plastic-eating-enzyme

New funding for plastic-eating enzyme research

-Circular economy for plastic in Malaysia — Are we on track?

PLASTIC, dubbed a miracle invention due to its durability and versatility, has made our lives substantially easier. However, 60 years after its invention, managing plastic waste has become one of the planet’s biggest problems.

The statistics are alarming, with mass production and consumption of plastic on the rise since 19501. According to a report published by WWF-Malaysia (World Wide Fund for Nature-Malaysia), post-consumer plastic waste generation in Malaysia is estimated to be more than one million tonnes (1,070,064 tonnes, to be precise).

Plastics can in fact be reused and recycled into usable products. However, 81% of the material value of plastics is lost due to failure to recover the material. This results in US$1.1 billion (RM4.86 billion) of potential material value lost to Malaysia’s economy, as reported in a study by the World Bank. Chem-recycling – Plastic-eating-enzyme

Just like any other packaging materials, plastic requires proper segregation, collection, material recovery, treatment and final disposals. Currently, the largest segment of demand growth for plastic production is predominantly single-use plastic.

Encouragingly, there have been global movements to advocate for a transition from a linear plastic system to a circular one. A circular economy for plastic builds on three key principles — the elimination of waste and pollution, circulation of materials at the highest value for as long as possible, and regeneration of resources.

Circular economy for plastic in Malaysia — Are we on track?

-New EDF tool reveals toxic chemicals in common food packaging

Web tool breaks down packaging types, materials and toxins

New research from the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) confirms that hundreds of toxic chemicals are used in the making of food packaging. Toxic chemicals come in direct contact with our food through everyday packaging materials, increasing health risks for consumers and reputational and financial risk for major brands.

EDF analyzed where toxic chemicals are used today by companies and which ones are used most often. It found that over 80% of the chemicals that are most toxic to human health and the environment are used in packaging materials like paperboard, plastics and inks. Chem-recycling – Plastic-eating-enzyme

Here’s why this matters: Toxic per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances – known as PFAS chemicals have been found in the blood of nearly every person in the U.S. As scientists look to understand exposures, food packaging is emerging as a potential source. All of this exposure is impacting our planet and human health. Many companies are unaware of the chemicals in food packaging.

For companies, it’s a growing business risk: Earlier this year, Burger King was among companies being sued for the presence of toxic ‘forever chemicals’ in their fast-food packaging. This risk is only going to increase as we see more regulations at the state level against the use of chemicals in products, including in places like Washington, announced this week. Retailers who wait for more stringent food packaging regulations to be enacted will have more work down the line playing catch up.

Where do we go from here? EDF turned the analysis into an easy-to-use web-based tool to help companies make environmentally sustainable and safer purchasing decisions. Companies can click on common food containers, like a pizza box, and see what materials it’s made out of and what chemicals those materials contain. With this data at their fingertips, companies can more easily identify hotspots and work with suppliers to create safe, circular and more environmentally sustainable packaging.

Toxic chemicals are used in the making of common food packaging materials. These toxic chemicals can then migrate into food, and many companies aren’t aware that their packaging contains harmful chemicals or what is required to make a proactive pivot toward safer food packaging. Chem-recycling – Plastic-eating-enzyme

This tool is designed to help companies get started on working with their suppliers to identify which toxic chemicals exist in the food packaging they produce and how they got there. Information provided on this website builds upon the work of the SUM Decelerator, creator of the Understanding Packaging (UP) Scorecard and the Food Chemicals of Concern (FCOC) List. EDF is a member of the SUM Decelerator.

Chem-recycling - Plastic-eating-enzyme

-This Road Wirelessly Charges Electric Cars as They Drive

Coils in the asphalt charge EVs the same way the dock on your bedside table wirelessly charges your phone

As prices drop and availability increases, some of the last road blocks to mass adoption of electric vehicles is range anxiety and charging times. But a prototype test track in Italy solves both of those issues by borrowing the same technology that makes it easy to charge your smartphone without wires. Chem-recycling – Plastic-eating-enzyme

Although the earliest EVs were often recommended for shorter daily commutes or city driving because of their limited range, there are now many options promising well over 300 to 400 miles of travel before the vehicle’s batteries need a charge. But what still complicates a long road trip in an EV is that even the fastest charging stations require at least half an hour to replenish rechargeable batteries, and usually much longer than that depending on the range of the vehicle. Compare that to filling up a tank with gasoline, which takes just a couple of minutes, and it makes sense why some drivers are still hesitant to go electric.

Ranges and charging times will inevitably improve over time, but other companies are looking into completely different solutions that could eliminate charging pit stops altogether. Chem-recycling – Plastic-eating-enzyme

Stellantis isn’t exactly a household name as far as car makers go, but it’s the parent company for iconic brands like Jeep, Chrysler, Dodge, Ram, and even Maserati.

As with any car maker hoping to stay relevant over the next few decades, it’s investing heavily into research surrounding electric vehicles, and recently unveiled a unique new test track in Chiari, Italy, called the “Arena del Futuro” circuit (Arena of the Future) that could potentially allow EVs to run laps forever without ever needing to stop and charge.

Chem-recycling - Plastic-eating-enzyme

-Facing plight and moving forward by VSF-weakening expectation

China’s economic development is facing triple pressure of demand contraction, supply shock, and weakening expectation—by Premier Li Keqiang at the Fifth Session of the National People’s Congress on Mar 5, 2022.

Premier Li summed up the current pressure on economic development and accurately predicted the current situation of the manufacturing industry, which is also the status quo of VSF industry. When we review the market changes in the first five months of 2022, the core elements basically rely on the three points. Chem-recycling – Plastic-eating-enzyme

Weakening expectation

Compared with the two points (supply shock and demand contraction) mentioned before, the quantification of expectation is more difficult, but we can feel the objective influence of expectation.

Global economy

From a macroeconomic perspective, the IMF in Apr lowered the global economic growth rate of 2022 from 4.4% in 2021 to 3.6%.

The World Bank in Jun downgraded the global economic growth in 2022 to 2.9% from 4.1%.

OCED in June downgraded global growth of 2022 to 3.0% from 4.5%.

It is rarely seen that the major institutions significantly downgrade economic growth at the same time, and they warn that the world may experience stagflation occurring in the 1970s. Chem-recycling – Plastic-eating-enzyme

Based on the distribution of global wealth, some institutions even predict that the challenges facing by the global economy are likely to exceed those in the 1970s.

Chem-recycling - Plastic-eating-enzyme

Chem-recycling – Plastic-eating-enzyme

Bright-chips – Petrochemicals – PET-Bottles 27-06-2022

Bright-chips – Petrochemicals – PET-Bottles 27-06-2022

Bright-chips – Petrochemicals – PET-Bottles

-Filament-grade-Bright-chips – Petrochemicals

Bright-chips - Petrochemicals - PET-Bottles

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime

-New Name and Logo for PET producers’ European Trade Association

The Committee of PET Manufacturers in Europe (CPME), has announced its rebrand: PET Europe – Producers’ Association. The non-profit trade association represents PET resin producers and was founded in 2010. The new name and logo will strengthen awareness of the institutional role of the association and its geographical horizon of activity. It is intended to build PET’s equity and reputation, starting from sustainability and circular economy. Bright-chips – Petrochemicals – PET-Bottles

Chairman of PET Europe Antonello Ciotti said: “PET is a crucial material in our economies and society. Economic, flexible and light-weight, PET helps to prevent food waste and save energy. As a fully recyclable polymer, PET also contribute to the circular economy. By 2030, 9 out of 10 PET bottles will be collected for recycling in Europe, up from 6 out of 10 today.”

“The rebranding is the most visible sign of our development and growth. As a trade association, PET Europe addresses the issues impacting our industry, raising them with EU institutions and international organisations. PET Europe is an active member of Petcore Europe, our value-chain association.”

New Name and Logo for PET producers’ European Trade Association

-Versalis – ABS with bio-circular attribution
Versalis has introduced in the catalog new Sinkral Balance BCA grades from biobased raw materials or from chemical recycling attributed by means of ISCC Plus certified mass balance
Versalis continues with the introduction in the catalog of resins obtained from biobased raw materials or from chemical recycling, attributed through ISCC plus certified mass balance. Bright-chips – Petrochemicals – PET-Bottles
The benefit, in terms of a lower carbon footprint, is combined with a performance level equal to that of virgin resins, just as homologations and process conditions do not change.
The latest addition to the catalog concerns ABS, with Sinkral B432 / E Balance BCA65 and F332 Balance BCA65 grades.
BCA stands for Bio-Circular Attributed, where the share deriving from styrene, equal to 65%, is entirely attributed to bio-circular feedstocks. These grades are intended for applications where the technical and aesthetic requirements are high, such as in the case of footwear or furnishings, which are difficult to reach through mechanical recycling technologies. In these cases – says Versalis – the ideal solution for the decarbonisation of finished products is the use of feedstock of biological origin, in this case organic waste, traced and attributed to ABS Sinkral Balance polymers within the Versalis industrial chain through the system ISCC Plus certified.
The new grades are part of the Balance program, divided into the Bio Attributed (BA), Circular Attributed (CA) and Bio-Circular Attributed (BCA) lines, where feedstocks are attributed to the polymers from bionafta, from pyrolysis oil or both.

Versalis has already obtained the ISCC Plus certification in the Brindisi, Porto Marghera, Mantua, Ferrara and Ravenna sites for the production of monomers, intermediates, polymers and elastomers with biobased raw materials (bionafta) or from chemical recycling. Bright-chips – Petrochemicals – PET-Bottles

Bright-chips - Petrochemicals - PET-Bottles

-Chemical recycling via pyrolysis – closing the loop in the plastics industry

“Chemical recycling closes the loop for the plastics industry by re-converting plastic waste into its original components – potentially opening the door to a multibillion euro market.”

The plastics waste issue is a growing global problem. But while recent recycling initiatives show promising results, there are limits on what conventional recycling can achieve. In particular, the recycled materials produced are often of lower quality than non-recycled materials and therefore of limited use. Post-consumer plastics are also often difficult to treat at reasonable expense. And a significant stream of mixed plastics waste exists for which conventional recycling is simply not an option. Bright-chips – Petrochemicals – PET-Bottles

Pyrolysis – an established technology finds a new application

However, a partial solution to the problem may already exist. Pyrolysis is a well-known technology that is already established in certain applications, such as the production of charcoal. Its use in the treatment of plastic waste is still relatively new, but several pilot plants around the globe have successfully demonstrated the concept. It is particularly suitable for treating mixed plastic waste, and the circular products it produces – be they naphtha, distillates or waxes – come without any compromise in terms of quality or suitability for end-use applications.

Understanding the market

Existing pyrolysis plants currently have a processing capacity of just 20,000 metric tons of plastic waste per year. But a number of market players have announced the construction of new facilities over the coming five years that will have capacities of more than 200 kilotons each. Bright-chips – Petrochemicals – PET-Bottles

As pyrolysis replaces landfill and incineration, we calculate the potential addressable market value of mixed plastic pyrolysis in 2022 to be around EUR 5.6 billion. This figure will remain largely stable over the coming decade, even with higher rates of mechanical recycling. Products with a circular end-use, such as naphtha to produce circular plastics and waxes, are in high demand and can achieve a premium in the market.

Bright-chips - Petrochemicals - PET-Bottles

-Polyurethane Foam Using Microwaves

Mitsui Chemicals and Microwave Chemical aim to commercialize technology for decomposing offcuts of foam used to manufacture car seats and mattresses.

Mitsui Chemicals and Microwave Chemical have launched a new initiative aimed at commercializing chemical recycling of flexible polyurethane (PU) foam via microwave technology. Bright-chips – Petrochemicals – PET-Bottles

The project involves direct synthesis of PU raw materials by decomposing offcuts of the foam used to manufacture mattresses and similar items. Previously, the two firms had collaborated to develop recycling technology for automotive shredder residue (ASR). They are also working jointly to develop eco-friendly carbon-fiber manufacturing technology using microwaves.

Flexible polyurethane foam principally consists of polyols and isocyanates. Its softness and high resilience have led to a wide range of applications, from industrial goods and materials to daily necessities, including mattresses, car seats, chair cushions, and kitchen sponges. However, chemical recycling of flexible PU foam and other PU products has not yet been achieved at a commercial level in Japan. Therefore, the development and commercialization of such technology is a pressing issue from the perspective of contributing to a circular economy.

Using PlaWave microwave-based plastic decomposition technology developed by Microwave Chemical, the processing time for decomposing flexible PU foam is expected to be at least cut in half, and a substantial reduction in energy consumption compared with existing technologies is also anticipated. Microwave technology will also contribute to reducing CO2 emissions, as its efficiency will reduce costs and enable the process to be powered by electricity generated from renewable energy.

The PlaWave platform for decomposing plastic using microwaves is able to be applied both to pyrolysis and solvolysis. Bright-chips – Petrochemicals – PET-Bottles

PlaWave enables faster reaction speeds and greater energy efficiency in a more compact device, according to the companies.

Bright-chips - Petrochemicals - PET-Bottles

-Machinery: Processing rPET in thinwall injection moulding

In cooperation with partners Alpla Group, Brink and IPB Printing, Austrian machinery maker Engel is presenting what it says is a quantum leap for the packaging industry at K2022 show in October.

For the first time, thin – walled containers made of PET can be produced in a single injection moulding process step . Engel is process ingrecycled PET (rPET) at its stand. An Engel e-speed injection moulding machine with a newly-developed injection unit is being used to do this. Bright-chips – Petrochemicals – PET-Bottles

Featuring a wall thickness of 0.3 2, the transparent, round 125-ml containers are representative of a whole genus of packaging, especially in the food industry . Thanks to integrated in – mould labelling (IML, the containers are ready-for-filling as soon as they leave the production cell. The special feature in this application is the material.

Containers are being produced directly from rPET

The thin-walled containers are produced directly from rPET in a single step. Up to now it has only been possible to process PET in thick-walled parts such as bottle preforms in injection moulding. The final packaging format was created in a second step of the process – by blow moulding for example.

Bottle-to-cup and cup-to-bottle as the target

Under the European Plastics Pact, the intent is for all plastic packaging to contain 30% recycled material and to be 100% recyclin g capable by 2025. The typical materials for packing foods in thin-walled containers are polyolefins or polystyrene. However, experts estimate that it will be impossible to achieve the stated objectives with these materials. And the recycling flows lack the approval of the European food authority, EFSA. rPET offers a solution for avoiding penalties and special taxes here. Although the price for PET is high right now, this makes the material a cost effective alternative.

EFSA has approved numerous recycling processes for PET, ensuring that the material is available in Europe  Bright-chips – Petrochemicals – PET-Bottles

Bright-chips - Petrochemicals - PET-Bottles

-Lamor to construct a chemical recycling plant with Resiclo

Lamor has signed an agreement with Resiclo Oy with the objective of constructing a chemical recycling plant to treat plastics in Kilpilahti area located in Porvoo, Finland.

In the first phase, the plastics chemical recycling plant in Kilpilahti is estimated to have an annual capacity of 10.000 tons.Bright-chips – Petrochemicals – PET-Bottles

The aim of Resiclo Kilpilahti is to build an annual capacity of approximately 40.000 tons of chemical recycling of plastics in Finland by the end of 2026. The construction work on the Kilpilahti recycling plant is expected to begin in the second half of 2022, and the commissioning of the recycling plant is scheduled to take place in 2023.

Lamor will invest EUR 1.2 million in the company established for the project (“Resiclo Kilpilahti Oy”), which corresponds to 50% of the shares of Resiclo Kilpilahti. The rest of the shares of the company will be owned by Resiclo Oy. The total investment of the first phase is estimated to be EUR 12 million. In addition, Lamor is committed to finance Resiclo Kilpilahti’s future investments with a sub-ordinated loan amounting up to a maximum of EUR 3 million. At the same time, Lamor will invest EUR 1.3 million in Resiclo Oy, where it will be acting as a minority shareholder with a 11.8% stake. The investments will be paid in cash. According to the plan, Resiclo Kilpilahti Oy will be consolidated as a subsidiary in Lamor’s consolidated financial statements.  Bright-chips – Petrochemicals – PET-Bottles

Lamor to construct a chemical recycling plant with Resiclo

-Erema Group acquires stake in start-up company plasticpreneur

As of 30 May 2022, Erema Group GmbH acquired 19.8 percent of plasticpreneur gmbh.

Plasticpreneur is an Austrian start-up company founded two years ago that manufactures at its production site in Klagenfurt recycling solutions for plastic waste that are mobile and can be operated without prior knowledge. The machine portfolio covers the recycling process and the production of new end-products. Due to it´s wide range of applications, it is in demand both in the Global South and in industrialised countries.

In the two years since the company was founded, plasticpreneur® has already sold 330 machines to customers in over 70 countries on all continents. In addition, they have made over 750 application-specific moulds, many of them custom-built to comply with individual customer specifications. An achievement that impressed Manfred Hackl, CEO Erema Group, from the moment he first met them: “The young founders and their dedicated team exude pioneering spirit, want to shape the future with their work and put their heart and soul into the circular economy and plastics recycling. Just like we do in the Erema Group!”  Bright-chips – Petrochemicals – PET-Bottles

While plastics recycling has gained enormous momentum in the industrialised countries, more remote and poorer regions of the world have hardly benefited from high-tech solutions for industrial recycling processes so far. They are held back by a lack of infrastructure and know-how. That is why waste is often incinerated or disposed of in landfills, rivers and the surrounding environment. “Our mission – Another life for plastic, because we care – is also aimed at supporting these regions with solutions for plastic recycling, and with plasticpreneur® we have found the ideal partner for this,” says Hackl.

The start-up company’s machines can process HDPE, PP, PS, LDPE, PLA, AB and TPU separately. Their product range includes a shredder, injection moulding unit, extruder unit for the production of end products, air filters as well as custom-built moulds. “For our machines to be used in regions with little infrastructure, they must be easy to operate without prior knowledge. The fact that we also develop end-product solutions needed locally makes our range of services particularly attractive here,” explains Sören Lex, CEO and co-founder of plasticpreneur. As soon as recycling also becomes a source of income for the operators, they become entrepreneurs.

That explains the name of the start-up, a word created from “plastic” and “entrepreneur”. plasticpreneur customers in these countries include e.g. social enterprises and operators of refugee camps, where everyday consumer goods – from clothes pegs and school supplies to toys and fence posts – are produced and sold using plastic waste. This means that the added value stays local. Bright-chips – Petrochemicals – PET-Bottles

Erema Group acquires stake in start-up company plasticpreneur

Bright-chips – Petrochemicals – PET-Bottles

PBT Compound – Bio-based-bottles 25-06-2022

Filament-grade-Bright-chips – Petrochemicals 27/06/2022

Filament-grade-Bright-chips – Petrochemicals

Filament-grade-Bright-chips - Petrochemicals

ITEM 20/06/2022 27/06/2022 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 9,200 yuan/ton 8,700 yuan/ton -500
Bottle grade PET chips export market 1,275 $/ton 1,220 $/ton -55
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 8,200 yuan/ton 7,800 yuan/ton -400
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 8,150 yuan/ton 7,750 yuan/ton -400
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market

Filament-grade-Bright-chips – Petrochemicals

7,150 yuan/ton 6,790 yuan/ton -360
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 1,105 $/ton 1,020 $/ton -85
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 5,100 yuan/ton 4,430 yuan/ton -670
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 642 $/ton 562 $/ton -80
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market 1,264 $/ton 1,250 $/ton -14
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 1,244 $/ton 1,230 $/ton -14
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,702 $/ton 1,738 $/ton +36
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 8,970 yuan/ton 8,550 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 8,350 yuan/ton 8,150 yuan/ton -200
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 10,250 yuan/ton 9,650 yuan/ton -600
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F 10,000 yuan/ton 9,600 yuan/ton -400
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 9,450 yuan/ton 9,100 yuan/ton -350
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 8,980 yuan/ton 8,600 yuan/ton -380
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 14,550 yuan/ton 13,900 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 2,170 $/ton 2,150 $/ton -20
Nylon6 chips overseas  market 2,400 $/ton 2,400 $/ton
Nylon6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 15,600 yuan/ton 14,800 yuan/ton -800
Nylon6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market 16,550 yuan/ton 16,000 yuan/ton -550
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market

Filament-grade-Bright-chips – Petrochemicals

24,000 yuan/ton 23,500 yuan/ton -500
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 18,700 yuan/ton 18,100 yuan/ton -600
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 21,000 yuan/ton 20,350 yuan/ton- -650
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  19,150 yuan/ton 18,800 yuan/ton -350
Spandex 20D  domestic  market 54,000 yuan/ton 52,000 yuan/ton -2,000
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 47,500 yuan/ton 44,500 yuan/ton -3,000
Spandex 40D  domestic  market 41,500 yuan/ton 40,500 yuan/ton -1,000
Adipic Acid domestic market 12,000 yuan/ton 11,650 yuan/ton -350
Benzene domestic market 9,650 yuan/ton 9,600 yuan/ton -50
Benzene overseas  market 1,344 $/ton 1,228 $/ton -116
Ethylene South East market 1,100 $/ton 1,100 $/ton
Ethylene NWE  market 1,363 $/ton 1,319 $/ton -44
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market 10,900 yuan/ton 10,900 yuan/ton
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market

Filament-grade-Bright-chips – Petrochemicals

1,800 $/ton 1,700 $/tn -100
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 18,700 yuan/ton 19,000 yuan/ton +300
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 15,600 yuan/ton 15,600 yuan/ton
PP Powder domestic market
8,600 yuan/ton 8,300 yuan/ton -300
Naphtha overseas market  799 $/ton867 819 $/ton
Phenol domestic market 11,180 yuan/ton 10,760 yuan/ton -420

Filament-grade-Bright-chips – Petrochemicals

PBT Compound – Bio-based-bottles 25-06-2022

PBT Compound – Bio-based-bottles

-A Revolutionary Solid-State Battery Is Nearly Here, Scientists Say

Faster-charging, safer, longer-lasting solid-state batteries are on their way. The only question now is: How soon until we can plug in?

QuantumScape’s San Jose campus in the heart of Silicon Valley is abuzz with confidence. The battery-technology company’s “QS Campus,” which includes QS-0, QuantumScape’s pre-pilot production line, and three adjacent buildings, is largely dedicated to manufacturing space. The scale of the campus itself and the company’s investment—each building is under a confirmed 10-year lease as of November 2021—signals QuantumScape’s assurance that it will be the first company to market with a solid-state battery for electric vehicles.

QuantumScape claims that you will be able to buy an Audi or Volkswagen with its batteries as soon as 2024, a vehicle that can go nearly 400 miles on a single charge, then recharge in 15 minutes. That capability would grant solid-state EVs a huge advantage over their competitors, which rely on the ubiquitous—but weaker—lithium-ion (Li-on) batteries. All-solid-state batteries (ASSBs) promise prolonged life, faster charge times, and safer chemistry compared to Li-on options, but producing them on the scale needed to power millions of vehicles won’t be easy, despite the billions of dollars already invested in the tech. Companies like QuantumScape are racing to reach the market ahead of other battery-focused outfits like Solid Power in Colorado and ProLogium Technology in Taiwan, as well as giant auto makers like Nissan. The competition begets, maybe even necessitates, bold claims, and QuantumScape isn’t short on those.

The all-solid-state battery at QuantumScape has reportedly weathered what chief marketing officer Asim Hussain calls, by the company’s own measure, “gold standard” testing. The ASSBs have fast-charged their cells (going from 10 to 80 percent in 15 minutes) 400 times consecutively, and some have gone through a total discharge and charge cycle almost 1,000 times.

A Revolutionary Solid-State Battery Is Nearly Here, Scientists Say

-LANXESS Introduces New Halogen-free, Flame-retardant PBT Compound for High-voltage Connectors

  • Flame-retardant and hydrolysis stabilized;
  • Electrical properties hardly dependent on temperature and moisture;
  • High level of volume resistance, dielectric strength and tracking resistance;
  • Enormous potential for use in electromobility.

Plastic connectors, for example, must remain electrically insulating under these conditions and must not allow tracking to occur. For these high-voltage connectors, LANXESS has tailored a new PBT (polybutylene terephthalate) compound that is halogen-free flame-retardant and hydrolysis-stabilized. PBT Compound – Bio-based-bottles

“One strength of the structural material is that its outstanding electrical properties are hardly dependent on temperature and moisture in the typical operating conditions of high-voltage connectors. It can be used at temperatures of up to 150 °C,” explains Dr. Bernhard Helbich, Technical Marketing Manager Key Accounts at LANXESS’ High Performance Materials business unit.

Highest insulation class CTI A 600

The compound is a first representative of the new Pocan BFN HR product range and is characterized by a high level of volume resistance and dielectric strength. For example, the latter is well over 30 kilovolts per millimeter at temperatures of up to 140 °C (IEC 62431-1). In the CTI test (Comparative Tracking Index, IEC 60112), the material achieves CTI A 600, the highest class possible according to the standard. This makes it highly tracking-resistant, which reduces the risk of short circuits and defects caused by creepage currents and caters to the growing need for miniaturized connectors. “But it can also be used at voltages higher than 600 V. The connector design for direct current systems can be optimized for up to 1,500 V in accordance with the design guidelines of the standard IEC 60664 / VDE 0110-1,” says Helbich. The tracking resistance of the compound also hardly diminishes after long-term thermal aging at 120 °C or after climate testing.

Hydrolysis-resistant and flame-retardant

The material, which is reinforced with 25 percent by weight of glass fibers, is very stable to hydrolysis. In specimen tests based on the stringent SAE/USCAR-2 Rev. 6 long-term hydrolysis tests of the US Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), it achieved Class 3 a good rating. PBT Compound – Bio-based-bottles

Its good flame-retardant properties are demonstrated by the fact that it passed the UL 94 flammability test of the US testing institute Underwriters Laboratories Inc. with the excellent classification V-0 with a test specimen thickness of 0.75 millimeters. With its mechanical properties, the structural material meets the common requirements that are set for high-voltage connectors.

Bright colors and permanently color-stable

The compound can also be colored in bright colors, such as orange. This color is increasingly being used in electric vehicles to identify live, plastic-encased components. “Our material and the colorants used remain permanently color-stable in high operating temperatures so that the identification is not lost,” explains Helbich. LANXESS wants to have the thermoplastic listed under “All Colors” on the Yellow Card by UL. “In doing so, we will save the processor from the time-consuming UL certification process if they were to color the plastic themselves,” explains Helbich. “They can simply use the compound that we have colored and thus reduce costs,” he adds. PBT Compound – Bio-based-bottles

PBT Compound - Bio-based-bottles

-Polyester market waiting for the dawn amid difficulties

Polyester market was in difficulty in May: macro market was volatile, demand remained meager and players held mildly recovering mindset, waiting for the dawn amid hardship.

In terms of macro, price of crude oil rose strongly again, supporting polyester industrial chain. On the other hand, the RMB exchange rate fluctuated greatly. Under such circumstance, players’ mindset was unsteady.

As for the market fundamentals, the spread of pandemic has been eased, while demand sustained mild. Downstream plants failed to follow the uptrend on feedstock market. Coupled with huge losses, the operating rate of downstream plants started falling from the second half of May. PBT Compound – Bio-based-bottles

Actually, polyester market witnessed improving performance compared with Apr. Polyester companies actively traced the uptrend on feedstock market after slashing production in Apr. Prices climbed up on the whole. Price of PSF dropped after supply recovered but overall trading price still moved up on the month.

However, the improvement was very limited. The polyester polymerization rate hit periodical low in mid-Apr at 78% while started ascending later but the increase was slow, which was above 83% in end-May.

The inventory of PFY was still as high as one month around and that of PSF was relatively low but may rise after supply recovered. In fact, downstream market of PFY and PSF was very weak now.

Polyester market waiting for the dawn amid difficulties

-Carlsberg pilots bio-based bottles in its largest ever trial

In its largest pilot to date, Carlsberg Group has revealed the trial of its new Fibre Bottle with a plant-based PEF (polyethylene furanoate) polymer lining.

The pilot, which Carlsberg says is “vital” to its ambition of making the beer bottle a commercial reality, will see 8,000 Fibre Bottles being sampled in eight Western European markets: Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Finland, United Kingdom, Poland, Germany and France. PBT Compound – Bio-based-bottles

The bottles will be trialled by local consumers, customers and other stakeholders through select festivals and flagship events, as well as targeted product samplings.

Testing at this scale will give Carlsberg the opportunity to gather feedback on people’s experiences of the product, which will inform the next generation of design, it says.

A significant milestone for the Fibre Bottle is its plant-based PEF polymer lining, which has been developed by Carlsberg’s partner Avantium, a leading expert in renewable chemistry. PEF is made entirely from natural raw materials, is compatible with plastic recycling systems, and can degrade into nature should it end up outside national recycling systems, Carlsberg says.

Beyond its sustainable packaging benefits, Carlsberg says PEF functions as a “highly effective barrier between the beer and the fibre outer shell, protecting the taste and fizziness of the beer better than conventional fossil-fuel-based PET plastic”.

“Identifying and producing PEF, as a competent functional barrier for beer, has been one of our greatest challenges – so getting good test results, collaborating with suppliers and seeing the bottles being filled on the line is a great achievement”

The outer shell of the bottle, produced by the packaging company Paboco, consists of sustainably-sourced wood fibre and is also bio-based. PBT Compound – Bio-based-bottles

“This shell has the added benefit of insulative properties which can help keep beer colder for longer, compared to cans or glass bottles,” it says.

The bottle is 100% bio-based apart from the cap, which is currently needed to ensure the quality of the product, Carlsberg says, and together the bottle and cap are fully recyclable. Going forward, Paboco, Carlsberg and partners in the wider Paper Bottle Community are exploring alternative fibre-based bottle caps, with a generic solution expected in 2023. Carlsberg will continue development, together with Avantium and Paboco, to arrive at a tailored 3.0 solution that is equally suitable for primary beer packaging, using this year’s consumer feedback and Paboco’s developments. PBT Compound – Bio-based-bottles

PBT Compound - Bio-based-bottles

-Spray-on coating could replace plastic wrap

“We have come up with is a scalable technology, which enables us to turn biopolymers, which can be derived as part of a circular economy from food waste, into smart fibers that can wrap food directly,” says Philip Demokritou. “This is part of new generation, ‘smart’ and ‘green’ food packaging.”  PBT Compound – Bio-based-bottles

A new biodegradable, plant-based, spray-on coating may offer an environmentally friendly alternative to plastic food wrap and containers, researchers say.

The coating can guard food against pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms and transportation damage.

The scalable process could potentially reduce the adverse environmental impact of plastic food packaging as well as protect human health.


“We knew we needed to get rid of the petroleum-based food packaging that is out there and replace it with something more sustainable, biodegradable, and nontoxic,” says Philip Demokritou, chair in nanoscience and environmental bioengineering at the Rutgers University School of Public Health and Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, as well as director of the Nanoscience and Advanced Materials Research Center.

“And we asked ourselves at the same time, ‘Can we design food packaging with a functionality to extend shelf life and reduce food waste while enhancing food safety?’ And what we have come up with is a scalable technology, which enables us to turn biopolymers, which can be derived as part of a circular economy from food waste, into smart fibers that can wrap food directly. This is part of new generation, ‘smart’ and ‘green’ food packaging.”

The study in the journal Nature Food describes the new kind of packaging technology, which use the polysaccharide/biopolymer-based fibers.

Like the webs cast by the Marvel comic book character Spider-Man, the stringy material can be spun from a heating device that resembles a hair dryer and “shrink-wrapped” over foods of various shapes and sizes, such as an avocado or a sirloin steak.

The resulting material that encases food products is sturdy enough to protect bruising and contains antimicrobial agents to fight spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms such as E. coli and listeria. PBT Compound – Bio-based-bottles

The research paper includes a description of the technology called focused rotary jet spinning, a process by which the biopolymer is produced. Quantitative assessments show the coating extended the shelf life of avocados by 50%. The coating can be rinsed off with water and degrades in soil within three days, according to the study.

PBT Compound - Bio-based-bottles

-Why sales of polyester filament yarn continue improving?

Sales of polyester filament yarn (PFY) continued improving since last Friday, with sales ratio at 370%, 130% and 160% on last Friday, this Monday and Tuesday by P.M.3:00 respectively. Why can sales of PFY keep rising amid sluggish downstream market?

Prices of PFY rapidly climbed up in May, with increment at above 1,000yuan/mt by end-May. However, price of grey fabric was hard to advance. PBT Compound – Bio-based-bottles

There was no orders after offers increased in some plants. In addition, sales were mainly under previous price when orders were placed. DTY market witnessed similar performance. Price of POY rose much more than that of DTY. Fabric mills and DTY producers saw apparently increasing losses in May. Under such circumstance, downstream buyers showed bigger resistance to rising raw material prices from the second half of May and presented stronger intention to cut production. The operating rate of downstream plants dropped again, with the run rate of fabric mills down by 12 percentage points from early-May to 52% last week and that of DTY plants falling by 15 percentage points to 63% compared with early-May. PBT Compound – Bio-based-bottles

With strong resentment and slipping operating rate, why can sales of PFY continue increasing? Downstream plants did not see obviously better orders and were under losses based spot raw material price, while sales of PFY were good, really hitting expectation. The root may be changing attitude toward feedstock price trend. Some downstream companies gradually accepted high-priced PFY.

PBT Compound - Bio-based-bottles

-LyondellBasell licenses Lupotech T technology to Levima Green Advanced Materials Co., Ltd.

LyondellBasell (NYSE: LYB) announced today that Levima Green (Shandong) Advanced Materials Co., Ltd. will use LyondellBasell’s Lupotech T high-pressure polyethylene technology at a new site. PBT Compound – Bio-based-bottles

The Lupotech T process technology will be used for a 200 kiloton per year (KTA) vinyl acetate copolymer (EVA) line. The new line will be located in the Zaozhuang City, Shandong Province, P.R. of China.

“Being able to offer advanced process technology, combined with decades of resin experience, are key enablers which allow LyondellBasell to serve a rapidly growing market fueled by the green energy transition,” said Neil Nadalin, Director Global Licensing and Services at LyondellBasell. Nadalin added, “For significant scale production of both EVA and LDPE resins the Lupotech T process remains the benchmark for a cost effective investment for our customers around the world.”

Mr. Lao Daodan, Vice General Manager of Levima Green (Shandong) Advanced Materials Co., Ltd. stated, “Producing superior grades by using referenced, safe and reliable Lupotech T high pressure process technology is a tremendous benefit when competing in a rapid growing market. Despite global challenges, the teams concluded an accelerated technology implementation schedule designed for achieving the best possible time to market for such a complex project implementation.”

Decades of experience in high-pressure application design makes the Lupotech T process the preferred technology for LDPE/EVA plant operators. High conversion rates, demonstrated high plant availability and effective process heat integration are key attributes of the Lupotech T process, designed to ensure this technology’s energy efficiency. PBT Compound – Bio-based-bottles

More than 14 million KTA of the Lupotech T process for LDPE/EVA production capacity has been licensed by LyondellBasell in over 70 lines around the world.

LyondellBasell licenses Lupotech T technology to Levima Green Advanced Materials Co., Ltd.

-Sinopec raised MEG prices in China

Chinese petrochemical company Sinopec raised prices of monoethylene glycol (MEG) in eastern China in June by CNY75 per tonne to CNY5,115 per tonne, a company source told ICIS.

MEG prices rose and then fell in line with crude oil prices. Weak demand also weakened the sentiment of market participants. PBT Compound – Bio-based-bottles

Spot meg prices in East China on June 23 were at CNY4,540-4,610 per tonne, ex-tank compared to CNY4,900-4,955 per tonne, ex-tank on June 1.

The total capacity of the four Sinopec plants is 2.64 million tons of MEG per year.

According to MRC ScanPlast, in Russia, the estimated consumption of PET in January 2022 increased by 4% compared to the same indicator a year earlier. In total, according to the results of the first month of the year, 59.66 thousand tons of PET granulate were processed in the country (these data do not take into account the shipment of Russian material to the countries of the Customs Union).

Sinopec Corp. is one of the world’s largest integrated energy and chemical companies. The business of Sinopec Corp. includes oil and gas exploration, production and transportation of oil and gas, oil refining, petrochemical production, production of mineral fertilizers and other chemical products.

PBT Compound - Bio-based-bottles

PBT Compound – Bio-based-bottles

Tires-from-recycled-bottles – Nonwovens 24-06-2022

Tires-from-recycled-bottles – Nonwovens 24-06-2022

Tires-from-recycled-bottles – Nonwovens

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime

-Coca-Cola Beverages Collaborates with Namibia Polymer Recyclers to Set up PET Flaking Plant

The two businesses committed to working together by signing Memoranda of Understanding (MOUs), promising to increase the number of women and young people who are gainfully employed in the recycling of plastic waste in addition to accelerating PET collection and recycling nationwide.

In order to establish a plastic recycling facility in Namibia, Coca-Cola Beverages Africa (CCBA) and Namibia Polymer Recyclers (NPR) have signed an investment agreement. The recycling facility will turn used PET flakes, which are valuable on the global market, into plastic beverage bottles.

Post-consumer bottles must be sorted, cleaned, and crushed into PET flakes before being shipped back to South Africa for further processing into recycled PET goods or R-PET material. Tires-from-recycled-bottles – Nonwovens

In line with The Coca-Cola Company’s World Without Waste initiative, this investment will broaden CCBA’s partnerships in Namibia that are centered on the collection of plastic waste. The Coca-Cola Company and all of its bottling partners are setting the standard for the industry by encouraging people to recycle and save one bottle or can for each one they sell by 2030.

“We are working on ways to develop a circular economy that is good for society and profitable for our company. According to Pottie de Bruyn, General Manager of CCBA Namibia, “We’ve set ambitious goals for our business, to take responsibility for our packaging across its lifecycle and reduce plastic waste pollution.

Coca-Cola Beverages Collaborates with Namibia Polymer Recyclers to Set up PET Flaking Plant

-Genuine multipolar order advocated by BRICS allows greater levels of dialogue to address challenges: former S.African envoy  

The 14th BRICS Summit will kick off on Thursday. The Summit will be held in virtual format under the theme of “Foster High-quality BRICS Partnership, Usher in a New Era for Global Development.” When the world is plagued by a pandemic, hunger, war, and division among many others, the BRICS members and a big number of emerging markets and developing countries will jointly demonstrate to the world the BRICS spirit of “openness, inclusiveness, and win-win cooperation.” Tires-from-recycled-bottles – Nonwovens

On the occasion of the Summit, the Global Times interviewed Argentina’s Ambassador to China Sabino Vaca Narvaja and Gert Grobler, a former senior South African diplomat, on the importance they attach to the multilateral mechanism.

BRICS states are bringing economic and political clout to international relations during a period when the old Western-centric world system is under pressure to transform, and China is believed to be a linchpin in a much-needed economic dynamism and a key driver for inclusive global governance, Gert Grobler, a former senior South African diplomat, who served as an ambassador to Spain, Japan, and Madagascar, told the Global Times in a recent exclusive interview.

The BRICS summit is taking place against the background of increasing challenges such as weak global leadership, dismal economic growth, unilateralism, and the fueling of geopolitical tensions which affect world peace and stability, he said. “BRICS, however, has never had the intention to create an exclusive elite group but to jointly harness a common vision and its resources to benefit all its people through concrete mutual cooperation and to actually strengthen international cooperation toward a people-centered, better world.”

Grobler has high expectations over the bloc, reiterating that “the role of BRICS in the global governance system is destined to steadily increase as the countries have transformed a purely economic concept – BRICS – into a new and global governance institution.” Tires-from-recycled-bottles – Nonwovens

“BRICS states bring economic and political clout to international relations during a period when the old Western-centric world system is under pressure to transform,” Grobler said.

At the virtual meeting of BRICS ministers on May 19, member states reiterated their commitment to enhancing and improving global governance by promoting a more agile, effective, efficient, representative, and accountable system; exercising inclusive consultation and collaboration for the benefit of all on the basis of respecting sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity, equality, and the legitimate interests and concerns of different countries.

Tires-from-recycled-bottles - Nonwovens

-Freudenberg Gives Eco-Check Label to Five More Products

Labeling program adds visibility to sustainability efforts

Freudenberg Performance Materials is endorsing further particularly sustainable products with its ECO-CHECK label introduced last year. These products comply with various environmental criteria. With immediate effect, five more of Freudenberg’s prodcuts bear the label making the company’s commitment to sustainability visible.

“Sustainability is firmly anchored in our corporate strategy. The ECO-CHECK label is a quick and easy way for our customers to identify particularly sustainable solutions,” John McNabb, CTO Freudenberg Performance Materials, explains. The company’s own sustainability label is only used to endorse products that either save resources during production, improve the manufacturing footprint of customers, can be disposed of in an environmentally friendly manner after use, or contain certain features that contribute to a long service life. “The label indicates to our customers that a product offers significant direct advantages in terms of environmental protection, thus leading to more sustainable solutions.”  Tires-from-recycled-bottles – Nonwovens

Newly-endorsed products for leather goods …

The newly-endorsed ECO-CHECK products include one Evolon® microfilament textile application. This is a reinforcement material for leather goods that is manufactured with no solvent and no binder. It contains up to 80% recycled PET and is suitable for a broad range of applications. The material is produced at Freudenberg’s facility in Colmar, France, where the manufacturing process is highly sustainable: it is certified to STeP by OEKO-TEX® and fully complies with the DETOX TO ZERO by OEKO-TEX® criteria.

… Healthcare applications

In the field of healthcare, the bio-based M 1714 wound pad with superior absorption for more challenging wounds has now been endorsed with the ECO-CHECK label. The dressing consists of a mix of bio-based fibers derived from natural sources and exhibits a smooth wound contact layer. The product has been evaluated for industrial compostability and conforms to ISO 13432.  Tires-from-recycled-bottles – Nonwovens

Tires-from-recycled-bottles - Nonwovens

-Continental tires made from recycled PET bottles available across Europe

German automotive part manufacturer Continental has announced that its tires containing polyester made from recycled PET bottles are now available to all dealers in Europe.

Continental tires use the company’s so-called ContiRe.Tex technology, which can completely replace the conventional polyester in the tire carcass. Unveiled in September 2021 for the first time, the technology uses high-performance polyester yarn, which is obtained from used PET bottles without any intermediate chemical steps and is not recycled in any other way. Tires-from-recycled-bottles – Nonwovens

This makes the technology both eco-friendly and much more efficient than other standard methods for processing PET bottles into high-performance polyester yarns.

The plastic bottles used for the technology come exclusively from regions without a closed recycling loop. As part of a special recycling process, these bottles are sorted and mechanically cleaned after the caps are removed. After mechanical shredding, the PET is further processed into granulate and finally spun polyester yarn.

Continental says a set of standard passenger car tires uses the material from around 40 recycled PET bottles. The Continental tires are reliable and remain dimensionally stable at high temperatures and under high loads.

Recently, the company has been awarded the “Tire Manufacturer of the Year” prize by the international trade magazine Tire Technology International (TTI). Its ContiRe.Tex technology has been in series production since April 2022. Tires-from-recycled-bottles – Nonwovens

Tires-from-recycled-bottles - Nonwovens

-Huntsman Textile Effects Introduces New PFC-free Durable Water Repellent in Performance Breakthrough

PHOBOTEX® R-ACE Raises the Bar for DWR Performance and Trouble-free Production

Huntsman Textile Effects has released PHOBOTEX® R-ACE, a breakthrough PFC-free durable water repellent (DWR) that makes it possible for mills and brands to deliver high-performance outdoor and extreme sports apparel and everyday wear while meeting stringent environmental standards and optimizing production flow.

PHOBOTEX® R-ACE delivers excellent water repellence on all types of fibers. In addition to its outstanding performance on synthetic fibers and blends, PHOBOTEX® R-ACE offers excellent compatibility with resin finishing to ensure even application with unmatchable performance on cellulosic fibers. Tires-from-recycled-bottles – Nonwovens

It offers outstanding rain and splash protection for garments that are water repellent and windproof, even under the toughest conditions. Additionally, it repels everyday stains, such as mud, coffee, ketchup and juice, so that garments stay cleaner for longer. Textiles treated with PHOBOTEX® R-ACE are breathable, retain their soft handle and continue to look good and perform well through repeated laundering and drying.

“There is growing worldwide demand for garments that deliver high-performance weather protection and stain-resistance with improved sustainability. Achieving these attributes in concert has been challenging, as traditional non-fluorinated DWR technologies can have undesired side effects that impact fabric quality. Drawing on Huntsman Textile Effects’ research expertise and global operational experience, PHOBOTEX® R-ACE is a true breakthrough that helps mills and brands deliver excellent water repellence with minimal impact on fabric performance,” said Lutfu Okman, Vice President of Global Revenue, Huntsman Textile Effects.

The robust chemistry of PHOBOTEX® R-ACE achieves high repellency with significantly less chemicals added on to the fabric as compared to the typical PFC-free DWRs in the market. This helps mills minimize unwanted consequences like chalk marks, seam slippage issues and harsh handle. The breakthrough DWR also offers best-in-class runability, for faster trouble-free production and good reproducibility. Its excellent compatibility with resin finishing ensures even application with unmatchable performance on cellulosic fibers.

Critically, PHOBOTEX® R-ACE meets current and upcoming industry standards. The new DWR is PFC-free and formaldehyde-free PHOBOTEX® R-ACE meets the bluesign® criteria (imminent approval pending) and will be published on the ZDHC Gateway with Conformance Level 3, and suitable for STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX® certified textile products. It also meets new bluesign® restrictions on 2-Butanone oxime in chemical products, which will come into effect in June 2022.  Tires-from-recycled-bottles – Nonwovens

Textiles treated with PHOBOTEX® R-ACE qualify for the High IQ® Repel Performance Assurance scheme.

With PHOBOTEX® R-ACE, Huntsman Textile Effects is affirmed as the leader of the industry’s DWR transition. The innovation continues more than a decade of DWR breakthroughs from the Huntsman research labs team and partners, including PHOBOTEX® R, a pioneering PFC-free C0 technology introduced in 2010; ZELANTM R3, Chemours’ renewably sourced PFC-free DWR, launched in 2015; and the market-leading PFC-free PHOBOTEX® RSY range, introduced in 2017 for extreme DWR performance.

Tires-from-recycled-bottles - Nonwovens

-Toyota to collaborate with Redwood Materials on a sustainable, closed-loop electrified vehicle battery ecosystem

Areas include end-of-life battery solutions for its battery ecosystem, including battery collection, testing & evaluation, remanufacturing, recycling and battery materials production Tires-from-recycled-bottles – Nonwovens

Toyota Motor North America (Toyota), as part of its commitment to reduce its environmental footprint year after year and achieve carbon neutrality by 2050, has embarked on a mission to create a sustainable, closed-loop battery ecosystem for its electrified powertrains. This mission focuses not only on the collection, testing and recycling of batteries into raw materials to create a sustainable supply chain, but also aims to develop second-life opportunities for remanufactured and repurposed Toyota hybrid electric vehicle batteries by leveraging battery health screening tools and empowering data from its vehicles.

In connection with these goals, Toyota and Redwood Materials (Redwood) will explore a series of end-of-life battery solutions for Toyota’s proposed battery ecosystem. Initially, this collaboration will focus on the collection, testing and recycling of Toyota hybrid electric vehicle batteries. The companies will then look to expand into other areas such as battery health screening and data management, remanufacturing and battery material supply throughout North America.

“We are excited to be working with Redwood Materials to identify solutions for our electrified powertrains at the end-of-life that contributes to our vision of creating a sustainable, circular battery ecosystem,” said Christopher Yang, group vice president of Business Development at Toyota. “We are committed to developing sustainable solutions that allow our batteries to provide value beyond the initial lifecycle in an electrified vehicle. This also contributes to our carbon neutrality goals and our mission to build a more sustainable world for all.”  Tires-from-recycled-bottles – Nonwovens

Redwood Materials is driving down the environmental footprint and cost of lithium-ion batteries by offering large-scale sources of domestic anode and cathode materials produced from recycled batteries. Redwood receives more than ~6 GWh of end-of-life batteries annually for recycling, which are then refined and remanufactured into critical battery materials.

Tires-from-recycled-bottles - Nonwovens

-Amcor, Minderoo Foundation partner to build plastic recycling plants

The partnership, called Sea The Future, will provide investment to build sorting and recycling plants. The first three hubs will be based in Indonesia, the Netherland and Brazil.

Switzerland-based packaging producer Amcor has partnered with the Minderoo Foundation Pty Ltd., a philanthropic initiative based in Australia, to launch Sea The Future, a project that will provide investment to build a global network of plastic recycling plants.

According to a news release from Amcor, the first three recycling hubs will be built in Indonesia, the Netherlands and Brazil. Minderoo (STF) plans to begin construction on the first sorting and recycling plants within two years.  Tires-from-recycled-bottles – Nonwovens

The first three recycling hubs aim to unlock about $300 million worth of investment in new plastic recycling plants worldwide, produce about 150,000 metric tons of recycled plastic per year and prevent 200,000 metric tons of plastic waste from being landfilled.

The project has received support from the government of Indonesia and the Port of Rotterdam. Amcor says this project is “designed to close the gap between ambitions for using recycled plastics and the actual supply of high-quality recycled plastics in large volumes.”

Amcor, Minderoo Foundation partner to build plastic recycling plants

-Coca-Cola Italy launches first bottles with caps that stay attached

Coke Every minute produces about 200 thousand plastic bottles and has repeatedly topped the ranking of the main polluters on the planet over the years, due to the dispersion of this material in the environment.Tires-from-recycled-bottles – Nonwovens

This should come as no surprise, given the more than 500 brands of soft drinks and bottled water it distributes in over 200 countries. Also in 2021 was indicated by Coca-Cola green Peace Among the multinational companies responsible for encouraging the expansion of plastics production. With such a course, the Atlanta-based company certainly cannot be at the bottom of the ranking of companies that are able to align with European objectives. EU Directive 2019/904 (Super, single use plastic). Its leading role among manufacturers of plastic packaging commits it to be one of the most active industrial realities in putting into practice the points envisaged by the single-use plastic reduction/elimination process.

after the announcement Last February, with which the company announced that it wanted to use 25% refillable bottles Globally by 2030, it is time for new announcements. In this case, these are less ambitious goals, which provide for the early fulfillment of one of the points envisaged by one of the Italian and United Kingdom branches. to swell, The point of consideration is that, starting from July 2024, plastic bottles with caps that remain attached to the neck of the bottle even when opened, in this way relate to the obligation to avoid their spill into the environment (cups and glasses). The same obligation shall apply to the lids of the These items have actually been identified among the products found on the beaches of the Union. Tires-from-recycled-bottles – Nonwovens

Coca-Cola Italy launches first bottles with caps that stay attached

Tires-from-recycled-bottles – Nonwovens

Chemical-recycling – Circular-nonwoven 23-06-2022

Chemical-recycling – Circular-nonwoven 23-06-2022

Chemical-recycling – Circular-nonwoven

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend

-Over 2 billion plastic bottles recovered for recycling in SA in 2021

According to figures released at the PET Recycling Company’s (PETCO) annual general meeting in June, 2.1 billion PET bottles were diverted from landfill last year thanks to the various recycling efforts in which it was involved.

On the back of waste management experts warning that parts of South Africa could soon run out of landfill space, CEO Cheri Scholtz said PETCO’s efforts had saved an area equivalent to 560,495 cubic metres and prevented potential associated carbon emissions of 135,604t in 2021.

Despite a challenging year for the paper and packaging sector, PETCO, which represents producers of PET packaging, grew its collection of post-consumer PET bottles for recycling by 14% – from 79,078t in 2020 to 90,402t in 2021. Chemical-recycling – Circular-nonwoven

“In spite of the impact of prolonged Covid-19 lockdowns and curfews on collection rates, which restricted the movement of informal collectors, 63% of PET packaging that was placed on the market by PETCO members was collected for recycling in 2021,” Scholtz said.  “Once lockdown regulations eased, PETCO made a concerted effort to stimulate collection by supporting informal waste pickers and formal collection businesses, buy-back centres, and recyclers, and encouraging them to grow capacity and capability.”

With mandatory Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) regulations laying down Year 1 targets for PET of 60% for beverage bottles, 7% for oil bottles, 9% for thermoforms and 60% for single-use products, she said the current collection rate places PETCO in good stead to meet these targets.

“Although these targets are applicable for year one of mandatory EPR, comparatively speaking, these figures would indicate that we are well placed to be compliant on behalf of our members. In 2021, we started to expand our reporting methodology in order to be able to track progress against all the identified products that our members place on the market for which we offer an EPR scheme. Using information provided by our members on exactly what they place on the market, in combination with assumptions provided by our recycling partners of the make-up of a typical bale that they purchase, we were able to measure collection of identified products such as beverage bottles, oil bottles, home and personal care bottles and non-PET elements such as labels and closures.

Over 2 billion plastic bottles recovered for recycling in SA in 2021

-Invista to Expand Nylon 66 Capacity

The company is making a significant investment in its South Carolina facility to transform it from carpet fiber to nylon 66 polymer focused production.

INV Polymers Nylon Americas, the polymers business of Invista, will undertake a significant investment in its U.S. facility in Camden, S.C., aimed at meeting increasing demand for nylon 66 spurred by such trends as eMobility and the Internet of things that can support electrification and increased complexity. This includes engineered plastics designed for modern connectors and sensors with ever-increasing performance and connectivity. Chemical-recycling – Circular-nonwoven

Essentially, the investment will transform the facility’s production process and logistics capability—which was previously designed to support carpet fiber production—into a polymer-focused plant that can provide increased supply capacity for nylon 66 resin to the merchant market. Construction will begin later this year and is expected to be completed in 2024.

Said Pete Brown, v.p., of Invista Nylon Polymers, “Invista is known for its high-quality nylon 66 polymer, supported by its world-class, upstream chemical intermediates technologies.

Chemical-recycling - Circular-nonwoven

-BASF makes battery recycling commitment

Company announces scrap batteries-to-black mass production facility to be built in Germany.

Germany-based chemical and materials company BASF has announced it will build what it calls a commercial scale battery recycling and black mass production plant in Schwarzheide, Germany. Chemical-recycling – Circular-nonwoven

The multinational company says the plant will have an annual processing capacity to handle 15,000 tons of electric vehicle (EV) batteries and battery production scrap.

“With this investment in a commercial scale battery recycling black mass plant, we take the next step to establish the full battery recycling value chain at BASF,” says Dr. Peter Schuhmacher, an executive there. “This allows us to optimize the end-to-end recycling process and reduce the CO2 footprint. The closed loop from end-of-life batteries to cathode active materials (CAM) for new batteries supports our customers along the entire battery value chain, reduces the dependency from mined raw materials and enables a circular economy.”

BASF describes battery recycling as “an important lever to reduce the CO2 footprint of battery electric vehicles, and is key to meet ambitious, circularity-driven policy requirements, expected under the proposed EU Battery Regulation.”

The investment will tie into the policy effort to improve the recycling efficiency of lithium-ion batteries, as well as material recovery and recycled content targets for nickel, cobalt and lithium.

“This investment strengthens BASF’s CAM production and recycling hub in Schwarzheide,” states BASF, which calls the site “an ideal location for the build-up of battery recycling activities given the presence of many EV car manufacturers and cell producers in Central Europe.” Chemical-recycling – Circular-nonwoven

BASF describes black mass production as the first step in the battery recycling process (following collection) and says it is based on mechanical treatment of batteries. The produced black mass contains marketable amounts of the metals used to produce CAM: lithium, nickel, cobalt and manganese.

BASF makes battery recycling commitment

-IVL joint venture for circular nonwoven mattresses

Indorama Ventures has teamed up with Auping and TWE Group to deliver a fully circular initiative by closing the loop in mattress design, manufacturing and recycling across nonwoven applications. Chemical-recycling – Circular-nonwoven

On show at Techtextil, the collaboration and innovation presents a certified cradle to cradle process that includes the inclusion of safe raw materials within mattress manufacturing that allows the materials to be easily disassembled at the product’s end of use in order to be further reused as same components or recycled into new raw material at the same quality level.

The manufacturing process begins with design, where the mattress is constructed using only two different base materials, 100% PET polyester textiles and steel wire pocket springs connected with Niaga, a non toxic reversible adhesive, making the mattress easy to disassemble and recover.

Auping collects, sorts and separates the collected fabrics, which then go to IVL Mullagh for processing, melting and extrusion to form polyester staple fibre. These staple fibres are then converted by TWE Group into nonwovens for use in Auping’s Evolve mattress, the world’s first fully circular mattress. Following the end of mattress use, the material recovery process simply starts again. Chemical-recycling – Circular-nonwoven

Chemical-recycling - Circular-nonwoven

-MEG prices slump despite the shutdown of Shanghai Petrochemical

Shanghai Petrochemical closed its MEG units over last weekend due to the fire. On Monday morning, MEG price picked up shortly due to the accident, but then receded sharply to around 4,900yuan/mt by the late session of Monday. Chemical-recycling – Circular-nonwoven

The drop was mainly due to:

  1. Falling crude oil and coal prices
  2. The drop in some commodity futures in China
  3. MEG port inventory up 57kt to 1,235kt
  4. Increasing short positions on high inventory and weak demand

The nameplate capacity of the two units is 605kt/year. However, the 225kt/year No.1 unit has been fully switched to EO production and #2 380kt/year unit was running at low rate. The effective MEG output of the #2 unit could be only around 100kt per year. So the impact of Shanghai Petrochemical fore on MEG market is limited.

Sinopec Yangzi Petrochemical will fully switch to produce EO after the completion of maintenance of its 300kt/year unit. However, it is now uncertain whether the unit could be restarted as planned on June 24 after the accident at Shanghai Petrochemical. If the unit could not be restart as scheduled, EO price is expected to increase. And some producers may lower EG/raise EO operating rate. Chemical-recycling – Circular-nonwoven

Chemical-recycling - Circular-nonwoven

-Ethylene prices slip in Asia

Last week, ethylene prices declined in Asia.

An industry source in Asia requesting to remain unidentified informed a Polymerupdate team member, “The price fall was prompted by persistent bearish buying sentiments and plentiful product availability.”  Chemical-recycling – Circular-nonwoven

The source added, “Sluggish downstream PE demand and pricing trends further pressured prices lower.”

On Friday, CFR North East Asia ethylene prices were assessed at the USD 985-995/mt levels, a fall of USD (-20/mt) from the previous week. FOB Korea ethylene prices were assessed at the USD 1025-1035/mt CFR levels, a week on week decrease of USD (-30/mt) from the previous week.

CFR South East Asia ethylene prices were assessed at the USD 1095-1105/mt levels, a plunge of USD (-50/mt) from the previous week.

Chemical-recycling - Circular-nonwoven

-Why hydrogen is not the answer to petrostates’ woes

Hydrogen production may help some petrostates diversify during the energy transition, but it will not replace oil and gas. Chemical-recycling – Circular-nonwoven

As the world’s energy systems transition from those largely fuelled by hydrocarbons to those largely powered by renewables, there will be a profound shift in where our energy comes from.

Hydrocarbons are found in deposits that are the result of organisms alive millions of years ago undergoing particular geological processes, in particular climatic conditions. Coal, made from ancient swamp forests, is found in nearly every country around the world. Oil and gas tends to be less widespread – and therefore more expensive – stemming from plankton breaking down on the ocean floor.

Renewable power, by contrast, can be generated from sun and wind across the Earth’s surface. It is dependent on weather patterns that exist everywhere, not specific geological processes. Chemical-recycling – Circular-nonwoven

This is great news for consumers, who can in theory generate or buy cheap, renewable electricity wherever they may be, but it is bad news for petrostates, which are oil and gas-producing nations whose economies have become overly dependent on the export of fossil fuels, with little success thus far at diversification.

Why hydrogen is not the answer to petrostates’ woes

-Quantafuel reveals plans for Sunderland chemical recycling plant

Plastics-to-oil firm Quantafuel has submitted a planning proposal to build a facility at the Port of Sunderland.

If it goes ahead, it will be the Norwegian firm’s first chemical recycling plant in the UK. It currently runs a commercial-scale plant in Denmark and a demonstrator project in Sweden. Chemical-recycling – Circular-nonwoven

Quantafuel wants the Sunderland plant to start in 2024, with the ability to process around 100,000 tonnes a year of plastic through pyrolysis. It said 100 new jobs would be created.

The oil produced will be shipped to customers in the petrochemical industry and the gas produced would power the plant. The proposal will be considered by Sunderland City Council.

Last month, Quantafuel signed an option agreement with the council to develop the land at the Port of Sunderland.

Quantafuel chief executive Lars Rosenløv: “New facilities are needed to help deal with plastic waste, and we can offer a long-term, sustainable alternative to incineration and landfill that will provide significant environmental benefits, whilst also creating new jobs in Sunderland.

“We have considered our plans in detail, consulted widely with the community and are delighted to have now submitted a planning application. Chemical-recycling – Circular-nonwoven

“We look forward to further engagement with the community during the summer as we await the outcome of the planning decision in the autumn.”

Chemical-recycling - Circular-nonwoven

Chemical-recycling – Circular-nonwoven

Plastics-Recycling – Hydrogen-electrolyzers 22-06-2022

Plastics-Recycling – Hydrogen-electrolyzers 22-06-2022

Plastics-Recycling – Hydrogen-electrolyzers

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime

-OCSiAl expands graphene nanotube production capacities to Europe

The new synthesis facility near Belgrade, Serbia, will be launched in the first half of 2023, with a planned capacity of 40 metric tonnes/year. Production will be leveraged for various polymers and nanotube dispersions to boost EV battery density.

OCSiAl (Leudelange, Luxembourg and Columbus, Ohio, U.S.) is expanding its graphene nanotube production capacities in Europe through the launch of new synthesis facility near Belgrade, Serbia, in the first half of 2023, with a planned capacity of 40 metric tonnes/year. Plastics-Recycling – Hydrogen-electrolyzers

According to the company, the facility is to become the core of the graphene nanotube industrial hub and will be accompanied by production lines of nanotube concentrates for various polymers and nanotube dispersions to boost energy density of electric vehicle (EV) batteries. Graphene nanotubes can also act as additional reinforcement to composites, providing new properties.

The graphene nanotube synthesis facility in Serbia will leverage OCSiAl’s production technology, which is said to be protected by more than 80 patents and patent applications, and trade secrets. The plant will reportedly contribute to lowering supply chain costs, and will make it possible to deliver European-produced nanotubes and nanotube industrial solutions to customers in the Americas, Europe and the Asia-Pacific.

According to OCSiAl, the nanotube synthesis facility will be accompanied by the production lines of more than 40 nanotube-based concentrates and dispersions designed to simplify industrial handling of nanotubes, to be launched in sequence from 2022-2023. Nanotube-based solutions, says the company, grant a unique combination of previously unachievable properties to most types of elastomers, thermoplastics, thermosets and lithium-ion batteries, that have gained rapid adoption in aerospace, automotive, construction, electronics, packaging and consumer goods. Plastics-Recycling – Hydrogen-electrolyzers

OCSiAl expands graphene nanotube production capacities to Europe

-Strategic partnership delivers best practice example of a closed recycling loop for PET-based multilayer

Four partners have collaborated on an industry-leading recycling approach

Closed-loop economy for PET-based multilayer Green Deal-compliant

Further collaborations are planned to optimize the process harnessing water-based adhesive technology Plastics-Recycling – Hydrogen-electrolyzers

Multilayer packaging based on polyethylene terephthalate (PET) can have a bright and sustainable future. This is the message of the strategic partnership of four leading technology companies, whose closed-loop recycling model is sparking new discussions on the role PET-based multilayer will play in tomorrow’s packaging industry.

The European Green Deal requires all packaging to be reusable or recyclable by 2030 – a regulation that is perceived as particularly challenging for multilayer packaging, since its layers first need to be separated before entering recycling streams. However, that perception could be about to change. Sulayr, a recycling company operating in Europe, has successfully commercialized a multilayer recycling process that achieves ‘closed-loop’ status and enables PET to be reused with virtually zero waste. With this, a circular economy practice for PET containing packaging materials already exists, but this process can be improved and become more practical and effective, if the whole value chain works together with the target to make the separation of the layers easier.

Industrial adhesives specialist BASF, packaging machinery OEM Bobst and films expert Evertis are supporting Sulayr in this endeavour. Together, the companies form a strategic partnership combining expertise from across the entire packaging value chain. Their collaborative contributions are key to the success of this impressive recycling process, and its potential for adoption at a bigger scale.

At the core of the process is a multilayer film produced by Evertis, comprising PET and polyethylene (PE) layers, laminated with a BASF’ Epotal® water-based adhesive and processed with a Bobst coater. Multilayer films are used for various packaging materials; after use, the waste is delivered to sorting facilities. Sulayr can use the so-called waste as raw material, ensuring a closed-loop. The company separates the multilayers and makes the PET available for re-use, with recycled PET delivered to Evertis and other film producers who then restart the cycle. Plastics-Recycling – Hydrogen-electrolyzers

Plastics-Recycling - Hydrogen-electrolyzers

-HeiQ : and Renewcell Partner-Up to Replace Polyester and Nylon with HeiQ AeoniQ Yarn Manufactured from Circulose® Pulp

Prioritizing the replacement of environmentally polluting polyester in textiles has led to Swedish Renewcell and Swiss HeiQ signing a strategic partnership to manufacture circular HeiQ AeoniQ cellulose filament yarn from textile-to-textile recycled CIRCULOSE® pulp supplied by Renewcell. This partnership enables the incorporation of recycled raw materials in the most modern, climate positive and environmentally friendly yarn production process to enable 100% circularity in the textile industry.

Capitalizing on their shared vision of a circular and bio-based textile industry, HeiQ and Renewcell have joined forces to commercialize 100% circular and biobased high-tenacity filament yarns as a viable replacement for fossil-based fibers like nylon and polyester at scale. Promising results in initial tests using Circulose® as a feedstock for production of HeiQ AeoniQ yarn create an opportunity to for collaboration between the partners in their effort to lead the current textile industry transformation, positioning both companies and Europe as a pioneer region incorporating recycled raw materials in the most modern and environmentally friendly yarn production processes that allow true circularity in the textile industry. Plastics-Recycling – Hydrogen-electrolyzers

Circulose® – a Circular Cellulose

Circulose® is a branded dissolving pulp product that Renewcell makes from 100% textile waste, such as worn-out jeans and production scraps. Dissolving pulp cellulose is what the textile industry uses to make viscose, lyocell, modal, acetate other types of regenerated fibers (also called ‘man-made cellulosic fibers’). The only difference with Circulose® is that it’s made from textile waste instead of wood. Cellulose is the most abundant organic polymer in the world. It’s what makes up the cell walls of most plants and trees. The purest cellulose found in nature is cotton.

HeiQ : and Renewcell Partner-Up to Replace Polyester and Nylon with HeiQ AeoniQ Yarn Manufactured from Circulose® Pulp

-HDPE for Machine Direction and Biaxially Oriented Films

Nova Chem’s new Surpass HPs153-A said to exhibit exceptional stability due to its broad orientation window. Plastics-Recycling – Hydrogen-electrolyzers

A highly specialized HDPE resin has been launched by Nova Chemicals for the production of 100% high-density machine direction and biaxially oriented films.  Due to its broad orientation, Surpass HPs153-A boasts exceptional stability during production run or manufacturing on commercial-scale inline MDO blown film equipment.

MDO-HDPE films can be used to replace BOPP and BOPET to produce fully recyclable all-PE laminates with high stiffness to maintain registration for printing and converting, excellent heat resistance to minimize shrinkage during packaging conversion, and outstanding clarity. According to the company,  its innovative technology marks a major advancement in the pursuit of a plastics circular economy, as it enables recyclable all-PE packaging.  Says Owen Lightbody, application development and circular economy leader,“Nova Chemicals has a bold ambition to create a circular economy for plastic materials. Being able to produce HDPE-based oriented films is a significant step towards our industry’s goal of 100% recyclable packaging.”

Oriented film structures allow easy-to-recycle all-PE packaging to replace traditional mixed material packaging which is not recyclable. In addition, orientation of PE films allows for property improvements otherwise not attainable in blown or cast films such as enhanced stiffness, toughness, and optical properties. Oriented films are ideal for use in food packaging, heavy duty shipping sacks, e-commerce and other demanding applications.

As reported in 2021, Nova introduced its transformative BOPE-HD technology that enables the manufacture of all-PE, recyclable multilayer film structures with significantly improved physical performance versus blown film. Surpass TX150-A was the world’s first HDPE resin designed specifically for the demanding tenter frame process.  It enables an all-PE biaxially oriented print web, which can be laminated to an all-PE sealant web for complete recyclability. Plastics-Recycling – Hydrogen-electrolyzers

Plastics-Recycling - Hydrogen-electrolyzers

-Partnership Aims to Create Value Chain for Renewable-Attributed MDI

Covestro, petrochemical company SK geo centric, and Neste collaborate to enable production of polyurethane raw materials based on renewables.

Covestro, South Korean petrochemical company SK geo centric, and Neste announced today a collaboration to enable the production of a major polyurethane raw material based on renewable raw materials via mass balance. The cooperation will see Neste provide SK geo centric with renewable Neste RE, an ISCC-certified feedstock for polymers and chemicals made from 100% renewable raw materials such as waste and residue oil and fats. Plastics-Recycling – Hydrogen-electrolyzers

SK geo centric will process this feedstock into benzene at the company’s facilities in South Korea and supply it to Covestro for use as a raw material for methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) at its site in Shanghai. MDI is a key raw material for the manufacture of rigid polyurethane foam, used as an insulating material for buildings and in the cold chain. It helps to save CO2 emissions and reduce energy consumption during its product life, said Covestro in the news release.

Partnership Aims to Create Value Chain for Renewable-Attributed MDI

-Gneuss MRS extrusion technology nominated for Plastics Recycling Awards Europe 2022

Gneuss, a family-owned company based in Bad Oeynhausen, Germany, has been shortlisted for the Plastics Recycling Awards 2022 in the category of Recycling Machinery Innovation with its unique MRSjump extrusion technology.

The MRSjump is a new extruder which uses the operating principle of the Gneuss MRS technology however with a vastly expanded devolatilising capacity.

Originally aimed at post-consumer PET recycling, the MRSjump extruder offers PET processors not only unparalleled decontamination performance but also the possibility of retaining or even lifting the intrinsic viscosity of the material without the need for any heat treatment of the material, either before or after extrusion.

The phenomenal devolatilisation performance of the MRSjump extruder offers massive advantages for post-consumer polymer recycling generally, especially for recycling polymers such as polyolefins and PS for food contact applications (to FDA and EFSA) where decontamination of the polymer is important. As in the case of PET, due to the decontamination performance of the extruder, additional, energy intensive heat treatment of the material can be avoided. Plastics-Recycling – Hydrogen-electrolyzers

This performance was made possible by enlarging the MRS multiple screw design. Both the surface area of the polymer melt under vacuum and the area exchange rate have been drastically increased.

Plastics-Recycling - Hydrogen-electrolyzers

-EU targets tenfold increase in production of hydrogen electrolyzers by 2025

The European Commission launched an initiative June 16 to increase the European Union’s green hydrogen electrolzyer manufacturing capacity tenfold by 2025, said SP.

The Electrolyzer Partnership, first announced in May, will bring together manufacturers and component suppliers to ramp up the production of electrolyzers — the technology used to produce renewable-powered hydrogen — to 17.5 GW per year from an estimated 1.75 GW today. Plastics-Recycling – Hydrogen-electrolyzers

The initiative is linked to the commission’s REPowerEU plan — its wide-ranging strategy to end dependence on Russian fossil fuels, which includes an aim to reach 10 million tonnes of annual domestic hydrogen production by 2030, requiring between 90 GW and 100 GW of electrolyzer capacity.

“Hydrogen is an essential part of Europe’s future energy sovereignty,” Frans Timmermans, executive vice president for the European Green Deal at the commission, said in a statement. “The speed of development of the European hydrogen sector shows that we can decarbonize our economy and secure our independence from Russian fossil fuels.”

The Electrolyzer Partnershp was launched at the fourth meeting of the commission’s European Clean Hydrogen Alliance, which brings together more than 1,600 organizations to support the deployment of renewable and low-carbon hydrogen.

Plastics-Recycling - Hydrogen-electrolyzers

-SIBUR and REO to expand cooperation in the field of plastic recycling

SIBUR has signed a deal with recycler Russian Environmental Operator (REO) for the supply of recycled polyethylene terephthalate (rPET) bottles and packaging as feedstock for production of food-grade rPET granules at Polief facility in Bashkortostan, Russia, said the company. Plastics-Recycling – Hydrogen-electrolyzers

Thanks to the supply of electronic equipment to the production of SIBUR, it is planned to send up to 600 million plastic bottles for processing annually.

To fulfill its obligations under the agreement, REO is implementing an investment project for the production of PET flakes from used food packaging. It is planned that PPC will purchase bottles at sorting, send them for processing and sell the resulting PET flex to SIBUR. The enterprise where the bottles will be processed is located in the Chelyabinsk region.

Transparent and blue flakes will be supplied to SIBUR’s Bashkir enterprise POLIEF for the production of food-grade rPET granules under the Vivilen brand with a recycled content of up to 25%. This contract provides a third of the company’s need for PET flex after reaching the design capacity.  Plastics-Recycling – Hydrogen-electrolyzers

Plastics-Recycling - Hydrogen-electrolyzers

Plastics-Recycling – Hydrogen-electrolyzers

Recycled-PET – Polymers-demand 21-06-2022

Recycled-PET – Polymers-demand 21-06-2022

Recycled-PET – Polymers-demand

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime

-RadiciGroup at Techtextil with innovative textile solutions

Target markets: automotive, furnishings, sports and technical apparel. New product entry: radipeople® line of personal protective equipment.

RadiciGroup is at Techtextil 2022, the leading European trade fair for technical textiles, taking place in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, from 21 to 24 June. On display in the RadiciGroup exhibition area (Hall 9.1 – Stand D50) are the Group’s latest products for the automotive, furnishings and apparel markets: from nylon and polyester yarn, including biosource and recycled lines, to nonwovens and the new radipeople® line of personal protective equipment (PPE). Recycled-PET – Polymers-demand

“Our focus at the trade fair is on technical applications,” noted Marco De Silvestri, sales & marketing manager of the Apparel and Technical Business Line of RadiciGroup Advanced Textile Solutions. “These sectors have always been the centre of attention at RadiciGroup: outdoors, workwear, automotive and sports, to mention just a few of the target sectors where RadiciGroup high performance products are used. In addition to our traditional range, we are presenting our sustainable offering. In recent years, we have expanded our line of solutions developed according to the principles of sustainability and the circular economy, with the awareness that this approach needs to move forward beyond theory and be put into practice. Thanks to our in-depth knowledge of materials, we offer to partner with our customers in designing and realizing innovative and environmentally friendly proposals.”

Indeed, at Techtextil, RadiciGroup is showcasing RENYCLE®, a yarn obtained from recycled nylon; REPETABLE®, a polyester yarn from post-consumer recycled plastic bottles; RESPUNSIBLE®, a nonwoven fabric from recycled polypropylene; and BIOFEEL®, a brand identifying a yarn line obtained from renewable sources of both nylon and polyester. Recycled-PET – Polymers-demand

Care for the environment and the protection of people. In fact, at the fair RadiciGroup is also presenting radipeople®, a new line dedicated to personal protective equipment for the medical and industrial sectors: coveralls, gowns and accessories with different levels of protection, depending on the intended use, for a variety of industries, such as construction, agriculture, oil and gas, chemicals, pharmaceuticals and food.

RadiciGroup at Techtextil with innovative textile solutions

-Klöckner Pentaplast awarded gold rating by EcoVadis

Klöckner Pentaplast, a leading global manufacturer of high barrier protective packaging solutions with industry-leading use of recycled content, has been awarded a gold rating for the second consecutive year by EcoVadis, the independent provider of global sustainability ratings for environmental, social, and ethical performance.

The gold rating ranks kp in the top 3% of plastic product manufacturers assessed by EcoVadis, with each company being rated on the material sustainability risks and issues for their size, locations and industry. Recycled-PET – Polymers-demand

The evidence-based assessment covers policies, actions and results across the key sustainability and ESG dimensions of environment, labour and human rights, business ethics and sustainable procurement.

“EcoVadis is an important rating that is widely recognised by our customers and stakeholders and we are very proud to have been awarded gold rating for the second consecutive year. The rating reflects our on-going commitment to our sustainability strategy “Investing in Better”, which continues to be well recognized by the industry broadly for our work toward the most sustainable future.”, said Yui Kamikawa, kp’s Vice President of Sustainability.

Recycled-PET - Polymers-demand

-SKGC and partners to build recycled PET facility in Europe

The joint venture plant will produce fully recycled polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic and polyester fibre.

South Korean chemical company SK Geo Centric (SKGC) has partnered with SUEZ and Loop Industries to build a recycled polyethylene terephthalate (PET) facility in Europe.

Under the partnership, SKGC will become an equal partner in the previously announced joint venture (JV) formed by Loop and SUEZ, which is developing what they claim to be Europe’s first Infinite Loop manufacturing facility.

The JV plant will produce 70,000 million tonnes of virgin quality, fully recycled PET plastic and polyester fibre for the European market. Recycled-PET – Polymers-demand

SKGC will provide petrochemical manufacturing experience while SUEZ and Loop will offer their resource management expertise and proprietary technology respectively.

The Infinite Loop facility is intended to help consumer goods companies increase the amount of recycled content in their products and/or packaging, as well as meet the growing demand for recycled PET resin and polyester fibre.

SK Geo Centric CEO Na Kyung-Soo said: “We are thrilled to participate in (the) Infinite Loop™ Europe project together with SUEZ, leading French environmental service and LOOP, which possesses an advanced recycling technology.

“This collaboration will be the first step for SK Geo Centric to move beyond Asia to be a global eco-friendly chemical company.”

Loop Industries is a Canadian plastic recycling company that manufactures fully recycled PET plastic and polyester, while SUEZ supports local communities and industrial companies in managing services such as water, waste and air quality. Recycled-PET – Polymers-demand

The partners will review the feasibility of the project and choose the best location to support European consumer brands’ 2025 target for recycled content.

SKGC and partners to build recycled PET facility in Europe

-Food crisis in 2023 may represent major threat to developing-world polymers demand

As the developing world confronts a major food crisis, expected to reach a critical point next year, polymers demand is of course hardly the most important issue. But the purpose of the blog is to support planning by chemicals and polymers companies – and the buyers of chemicals and polymers. Recycled-PET – Polymers-demand

A crucial factor in successfully navigating the multiple crises we face is making the right production and sales decisions, based on demand scenarios. The right decisions will make or save you many millions of dollars.

To this end – combining the knowledge of the ICIS fertilizer team, which points toward the food crisis getting worse next year, with the ICIS Supply & Demand Database – the blog has drawn-up a scenario where –

Instead of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) demand in the developing world growing by 800,000 tonnes in 2023, the ICIS base case, it contracts by 300,000 tonnes.

This would result in next year’s global demand growth for HDPE being at 2% rather than 4%.

These alternative outcomes are for demonstration purposes only, as they don’t involve the essential deep dive into country-by-country complexities.

Recycled-PET - Polymers-demand

-RCS Plastics receives ”Grüner Engel” recoginition

The North Rhine-Westphalian family company RCS Plastics in Werne practices exemplary resource and environmental protection with its heart of the system, the VACUNITE bottle-to-bottle technology. For this, the progressive company was honored with the medium-sized company prize in the category “Innovative technology solution for recycling” at the bvse trade fair evening. Recycled-PET – Polymers-demand

“Know-how and innovative ideas paired with high-quality recycling technology is the combination that distinguishes the successful medium-sized companies in the industry. With this recipe for success and its innovative process for the production of food-grade regranulates of the highest quality, the sustainability-oriented company RCS Plastics impressively convinced the jury in the competition for “DIE GRÜNEN ENGEL 2022”, bvse CEO Eric Rehbock and Florian Lankes, managing director of “DIE GRÜNEN ENGEL – treatment center in Nuremberg, at the presentation of the award ceremony at the bvse trade fair evening. “With its groundbreaking technical solution, RCS is also an important part of the implementation of the new provisions of the Packaging Act that came into force in January 2019,”

“The accumulated experience in the extraction of secondary raw materials from commercial waste from 4 decades has already motivated us 10 years ago to invest in the field of plastics recycling and to develop it further,” said Managing Director Adelheid Hauschopp-Francke, explaining the development of the RCS Group’s youngest division Werne on the lip.

Quality expectations exceeded – high added value for environmental and resource protection

The company has been recycling PET bottles into sorted PET flakes since 2011. In the summer of 2020, the next important step towards sustainability was taken: With the help of the VACUNITE® bottle-to-bottle recycling system developed by the manufacturer EREMA, which was further optimized in cooperation with RCS, RCS-Plastics is now processing the previously produced PET flakes in a highly efficient process to regranulate for the food industry. Recycled-PET – Polymers-demand

Recycled-PET - Polymers-demand

-Nylon filament yarn plants to cut operation under deeper split with upstream

In May 2022, as upstream CPL RMB spot chased up benzene cost actively, the price increased by 7.2% to 14,900yuan/mt by May 25, and nylon 6 HS chip prices also followed up with a month-to-date increase of 4.1% to 16,240yuan/mt. However, the lift in nylon 6 textile filaments is only around 1.5-3%. Recycled-PET – Polymers-demand

With such gap in price movement, NFY plants are suffering increasing losses in the month. However, NFY plants’ operating rate has been nailed at around 72.5% in May. Why are NFY plants struggling in holding the relatively high run rate under deficits?

Since late April, benzene market kept strengthening continuously. CPL plant operating rate was below 70% in most time of the month and thus formed a balance between supply and demand. Due to heavy deficits, CPL plants actively raised their offers.

At the same time, nylon 6 semi-dull HS chip market was in tight balance and trading focused on contract, the spot offers for HS chip had lifted with CPL as well, and the increment was just a bit narrower than CPL.

The supply and demand pattern was basically healthy for both CPL and nylon 6 chip market, thus the price increase had been relatively smooth.

Smooth increase from benzene to CPL and chip stopped in filament sector. With rising frequency of raw material price lift, nylon 6 textile filament plants also raised offers appropriately. But what waited for them was not the active follow-up of fabric mills, but disregard. Trading for textile filament was more difficult with downstream resistance enhanced.

The May contract settlement for CPL jumped by 800yuan/mt month-on-month, and some specifications of nylon filament increased by 300-500yuan/mt or slightly more, but it was also common to see some other sources dropped 500-1,000yuan/mt even. DTY market suffered heaviest burden and the low-price competition was mostly seen.

The price increase was blocked in the link of nylon textile filament, thus filament plants suffered heavily expanded losses in the month. Recycled-PET – Polymers-demand

Recycled-PET - Polymers-demand

-Recycled PET prices to remain firm

Recently, international oil price trend is firm overall, leading to higher polyester feedstock costs, and polyester product prices climb up obviously. Driven by the bullish sentiment, recycled chemical fiber and recycled PET product prices also move upward. Though PX price has fallen somewhat, and PET bottle chip and PET fiber chip prices edge lower, recycled PET flakes and popcorn prices remain firm.

For the support of recycled market: first, recycling volumes of bottles reduce this year as consumption of beverages decreases impacted by the multiple outbreaks of epidemic. In the meantime, with the long-time lockdown measures in some key areas, the consumption has reduced significantly directly. Though the lockdown is lifted recently, the daily recycling volumes only recover to about 10-20% of the volumes in the same period of previous years. The reduction of recycling volumes is the main reason for the supply tightness of re-PET. Recycled-PET – Polymers-demand

Second, the large rise of PET fiber chip and PET bottle chip has shown the price edge of recycled PET flakes in sheet field. With the larger price spread between PET fiber chip/PET bottle chip and recycled PET flakes, the cost edge of recycled PET flakes for sheet plants expands further. Take 3A-grade white flakes as an example. Bright PET fiber chip prices are at around 7,500yuan/mt in early May, and 3A-grade white flakes are at 7,400yuan/mt, so it has no advantages. Prices of hot washed blue and white flakes for HC re-PSF are around 5,800yuan/mt. The quality of flakes used for sheet is slightly better than that of flakes for HC re-PSF. On Jun 15, the price spread between bright PET fiber chip and 3A-grade white flakes has expanded to 800-1,000yuan/mt, and prices of blue and white flakes for HC re-PSF are around 6,100-6,200yuan/mt. So sheet plants have more choice on feedstock, so the supply to recycled chemical fibers reduces.

Recycled-PET - Polymers-demand

-Movers & Shakers – June 2022: Techtextil, Frankfurt news

In the dynamic and global textile fiber industry with its various manufacturing processes and end-uses, news and information is breaking on a daily basis.

International Fiber Journal is tracking stories relevant to our industry from manmade to natural to bio-based fibers, innovations in nonwoven, woven, braided and technical textiles, technologies for additives, bonding, coatings and polymers, and applications from apparel to hygiene to transportation, and more. Recycled-PET – Polymers-demand

Here we will post news stories relevant to textile fibers and their downstream applications on an ongoing basis. Please check back for regular updates.

Retech to present godet roll at Techtextil

Retech will address demand for technical yarns with maximum strength with a newly launched godet roll at Techtextil, Germany later this month. The roll has an ideal length of 420 mm to process 8-12 threads at a time. Its extended diameter of 250 mm allows a significantly increased speed with the same dwell time. Additionally, the higher motor torque guarantees the very best results in yarn tenacity. Further technical parameters are speeds that can be ramped up to 6500 m/min and the temperature reaches 250°C with an excellent temperature profile of +/- 1.5 °C. Recycled-PET – Polymers-demand

High-temperature godet rolls are used for high-performance fibers. High-performance fibers require temperature at extremely high levels, since fibers such as para-aramids have high glass transition temperatures nearing 370 °C. Retech high-temperature godet rolls have a heating power of up to 400 °C. They also offer outstanding performance in terms of precision within 0.5°C – guaranteed by the established Retech temperature controller – and repeat accuracy from 1 to 100 godets.

Movers & Shakers – June 2022: Techtextil, Frankfurt news

Recycled-PET – Polymers-demand

Plastics Recycling – Crude slumps 20-06-2022

PET- Bottle-grade – Petrochemicals – Spandex 20/06/2022

PET- Bottle-grade – Petrochemicals – Spandex

PET- Bottle-grade - Petrochemicals - Spandex

ITEM 13/06/2022 20/06/2022 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 9,500 yuan/ton 9,200 yuan/ton -300
Bottle grade PET chips export market 1,305 $/ton 1,275 $/ton -30
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 8,450 yuan/ton 8,200 yuan/ton -250
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 8,400 yuan/ton 8,150 yuan/ton -250
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market

PET- Bottle-grade – Petrochemicals – Spandex

7,500 yuan/ton 7,150 yuan/ton -350
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 1,110 $/ton 1,105 $/ton -5
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 5,035 yuan/ton 5,100 yuan/ton +65
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 638 $/ton 642 $/ton +4
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market 1,413 $/ton 1,264 $/ton -149
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 1,393 $/ton 1,244 $/ton -149
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,783 $/ton 1,702 $/ton -81
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 9,200 yuan/ton 8,970 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 8,350 yuan/ton 8,350 yuan/ton
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 10,500 yuan/ton 10,250 yuan/ton -250
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F 10,150 yuan/ton 10,000 yuan/ton -150
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 9,700 yuan/ton 9,450 yuan/ton -250
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 9,050 yuan/ton 8,980 yuan/ton -70
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 15,350 yuan/ton 14,550 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 2,180 $/ton 2,170 $/ton -10
Nylon6 chips overseas  market 2,400 $/ton 2,400 $/ton
Nylon6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 16,000 yuan/ton 15,600 yuan/ton -400
Nylon6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market 16,700 yuan/ton 16,550 yuan/ton -150
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market

PET- Bottle-grade – Petrochemicals – Spandex

24,800 yuan/ton 24,000 yuan/ton -800
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 18,850 yuan/ton 18,700 yuan/ton -150
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 21,150 yuan/ton 21,000 yuan/ton- -150
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  19,200 yuan/ton 19,150 yuan/ton -50
Spandex 20D  domestic  market 55,500 yuan/ton 54,000 yuan/ton -1,500
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 49,000 yuan/ton 47,500 yuan/ton -1,500
Spandex 40D  domestic  market 42,000 yuan/ton 41,500 yuan/ton -500
Adipic Acid domestic market 12,300 yuan/ton 12,000 yuan/ton -300
Benzene domestic market 9,980 yuan/ton 9,650 yuan/ton -330
Benzene overseas  market 1,452 $/ton 1,344 $/ton -108
Ethylene South East market 1,150 $/ton 1,100 $/ton -50
Ethylene NWE  market 1,368 $/ton 1,363 $/ton -5
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market 10,900 yuan/ton 10,900 yuan/ton
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market

PET- Bottle-grade – Petrochemicals – Spandex

1,800 $/ton 1,800 $/tn
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 18,500 yuan/ton 18,700 yuan/ton +200
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 15,250 yuan/ton 15,600 yuan/ton +350
PP Powder domestic market
8,900 yuan/ton 8,600 yuan/ton -300
Naphtha overseas market  811 $/ton867 799 $/ton
Phenol domestic market 11,120 yuan/ton 11,180 yuan/ton +60

PET- Bottle-grade – Petrochemicals – Spandex

Plastics Recycling – Crude slumps 20-06-2022

Plastics Recycling – Crude slumps

PET- Bottle-grade – Petrochemicals – Spandex

Plastics Recycling - Crude slumps

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime

-Eni enters the world’s largest LNG project in Qatar

Eni has been selected by QatarEnergy as a new international partner in the North Field East (NFE) expansion project.

The Minister of State for Energy Affairs, President and CEO of QatarEnergy, Saad Sherida Al-Kaabi, and Eni CEO, Claudio Descalzi, signed the partnership agreement for the creation of the new Joint Venture company during an official ceremony today. QatarEnergy will hold a 75% interest while Eni the remaining 25% interest. The JV will hold 12,5% interest in the entire NFE project, including the 4 mega LNG trains with a combined capacity of 32 MTPA.

The NFE project will expand Qatar’s LNG export capacity from the current 77 million tons per annum (MTPA) to 110 MTPA. A $28.75 billion investment, NFE is expected to start production before the end of 2025 and will deploy state of the art technologies to minimize overall carbon footprint, including carbon capture and sequestration.

The agreement marks the completion of a competitive process started in 2019 and has a duration of 27 years. It is a strategic move for Eni, which expands Eni’s presence in the Middle East and gains access to a world leading LNG producer, detaining among the largest natural gas reserves in the world. It is also a significant milestone in the Company’s diversification strategy, adding a cleaner and reliable energy source to its portfolio.

In his remarks during the ceremony, Eni CEO Descalzi said: “We are honored and delighted for having been selected as partner in the North Field East expansion project. As a newcomer joining this world leading LNG project, we feel the privilege and the responsibility of being a strategic partner of choice for the State of Qatar. This agreement is a significant milestone for Eni and fits our objective to diversify into cleaner and more reliable energy sources in line with our decarbonization strategy.

Eni looks forward to working with QatarEnergy on this project to positively contribute to increasing worldwide gas security of supply.”

Eni enters the world’s largest LNG project in Qatar

-Plastics Recycling Show Europe opens on June 22

The two-day Plastics Recycling Show Europe exhibition and conference taking place at the RAI Amsterdam opens to visitors at 9.30 am on June 22.

This year’s event is set to be the biggest ever with over 200 exhibitors and more than 40 expert speakers. Winners of the Plastics Recycling Awards Europe 2022 will also be announced on June 23rd.  Plastics Recycling – Crude slumps

The two-day event draws together contributions from EU political leaders and every part of the plastics industry from major brands to material suppliers, plastics recycling machinery and equipment suppliers, plastics recyclers and waste management specialists.

Companies and organisations from across Europe will be showing new technologies and applications for recycled plastics. Thousands of industry professionals are expected to attend the event, which has grown rapidly since it was first held in 2017.

Among the exhibitors will be Powerfil, a business unit of recycling machine manufacturer EREMA GmbH, launching a new high performance melt filter; REPI is expanding its portfolio of additives for PET recycling with the brand new Stabiplus line, its latest solution to boost a circular economy in polymer recycling; FIMIC is profiling its range of five different melt filter models suitable for highly contaminated plastic materials including post-industrial and post-consumer plastics; Sesotec presents its new Varisort+ Flex sorting module, developed to separate mixed material streams into separate fractions using up to three sensors for C (colour), M (metal) and N (plastics);

CHT Group will present intelligent auxiliaries for quality improvement and process optimisation in the aqueous plastics cleaning process; Gneuss will present three extrusion technologies for closed loop recycling: the Gneuss Process Unit (GPU), the MRSjump Extruder and the JUMP polyreactor; Nordsonis highlighting a new feature for its BKG continuous melt filters: melt pressure controlled venting start, which provides increased pressure consistency for all kinds of polymers and contamination levels; Barcelona-based Altero will show its latest pelletizing lines for recycling of post-consumer and post-industrial plastic waste. Plastics Recycling – Crude slumps

Plastics Recycling - Crude slumps

-Indaver and INEOS Styrolution sign offtake agreement for recycled styrene monomer

Indaver’s depolymerisation plant to be the first of its kind in Europe

From yoghurt pot to yoghurt pot – agreement closes the loop for polystyrene

Indaver, a leading player in the European waste industry, and INEOS Styrolution, the global leader in styrenics, have signed an offtake agreement today giving INEOS Styrolution access to styrene monomer (“SM”) produced from post-consumer waste at Indaver’s planned depolymerisation plant. Plastics Recycling – Crude slumps

This agreement closes the loop towards a circular economy for polystyrene. It will enable INEOS Styrolution to produce polystyrene from recycled feedstock replacing styrene monomer produced from fossil feedstock.

“The benefits are tremendous”, explains Dr. Alexander Glück., President EMEA at INEOS Styrolution. “We recognise plastics waste as a valuable resource that must not end up in landfill or be incinerated. Together with Indaver we reduce waste, we produce polystyrene with identical properties as the virgin material with a lower CO2 footprint and we reduce the use of fossil feedstock.”

With the recycled polystyrene meeting stringent food grade specifications, an old dream has finally come true: The material that has been used to preserve food can be recycled and used for the same purpose again.

“We are very pleased with this agreement”, says Paul de Bruycker, CEO at Indaver. “Our companies share the same vision of a true circular economy for polystyrene. The material is eminently suitable to allow for depolymerisation, an advanced recycling method that we deploy in our new recycling plant.” Plastics Recycling – Crude slumps

The depolymerisation technology allows to recycle polystyrene by converting it back into its building block, styrene monomer. Thanks to this process, the recycled material can meet the strict food contact standards.

Plastics Recycling - Crude slumps

-The Recycling Partnership releases 2022 Impact Report

The report covers the Partnership’s commitment to communities, MRFs, materials manufacturers, brands and retailers and people. Plastics Recycling – Crude slumps

The Recycling Partnership has released their 2022 Impact Report, detailing their work with communities, Materials Recovery Facilities (MRFs), materials manufacturers, brands and retailers and people. The report presents a system with goals related to their stakeholders. The system goes as follows:

  • all households can recycle,
  • people know what and how to recycle,
  • materials recovery facilities are fully modernized,
  • stakeholders work together to overcome material-specific obstacles to recycling,
  • packaging that enters the system is designed for, or on a path to, recyclability, and
  • recycling has a sustainable public-private funding stream based on smart policy.

With regards to economic impact, $95 million has been invested in The Recycling Partnership to date. The organization accumulated a total of $241 million in total value creation, including:  Plastics Recycling – Crude slumps


  • $163 million in capital and state investments in recycling
  • $24 million in new recyclables collected
  • $19 million in technical assistance to cities and states
  • $16 million in carbon savings
  • $13 million in avoided landfill costs
  • $6 million in member consulting

Plastics Recycling - Crude slumps

-Canada’s Nova introduces all-PE recyclable packaging

Canadian petrochemical producer Nova Chemicals has introduced a specialized high-density polyethylene (HDPE) resin that can be used to produce recyclable all-polyethylene packaging. The resin technology, which can produce recyclable PE packaging, aims to help customers and brand owners to meet their sustainability goals.  Plastics Recycling – Crude slumps

The special HDPE resin will be used to make 100pc high-density machine direction oriented film, which can then substitute for biaxially-oriented polypropylene and biaxially-oriented polyethylene terephthalate to manufacture fully recyclable all-PE laminates. The PE laminates produced will have high stiffness, good heat resistance and clarity.

Oriented film structures can be used in replacement of traditional mixed material packaging that cannot be recycled.

These are suitable for applications in areas such as food packaging, heavy duty shipping sacks and e-commerce.  Plastics Recycling – Crude slumps

Nova has been increasing its efforts to produce recyclable plastics as part of its sustainability efforts and ambition to create a circular economy for plastics.

Canada's Nova introduces all-PE recyclable packaging

-Oil Updates — Crude slumps; Russia says cutting oil production would have risks; Sinopec fire kills one

Oil prices went down to a four-week low on Friday on worries that interest rate hikes by major central banks could slow the economy and cut global energy demands.

On Friday, Brent futures fell 5.6 percent to settle at $113.12 a barrel, while the West Texas Intermediate crude fell 6.8 percent to settle at $109.56.

Russia says cutting oil production would have risks  Plastics Recycling – Crude slumps

The idea of cutting oil production in Russia to further increase prices has risks and would require calculation, Deputy Finance Minister Alexei Sazanov told Reuters on Friday.

While Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak told RBC business channel on Thursday that Russia had no need to cut its oil output in response to the EU’s embargo.

Novak earlier said he expected Russia’s annual oil production for 2022 would be about 500 million tons, down from 524 million tons last year.

Sovcomflot fleet fully covered by Russian insurers: CEO

Russia’s state-run Sovcomflot has insured all its cargo ships with Russian insurers and the cover meets international rules, its CEO said, after Western insurers withdrew cover.

Western insurers halted insurance cover for Russia’s biggest shipping group when Sovcomflot was hit by sanctions after Moscow sent troops across the border into Ukraine.

Sources told Reuters this month that state-controlled Russian National Reinsurance Company had become the main reinsurer of Russian ships, including Sovcomflot’s fleet.

“Technically, we meet all international trade requirements,” CEO Igor Tonkovidov told reporters. “Currently, the company’s fleet is almost fully busy in shipping hydrocarbons, cargoes are delivered to different parts of the world.” Plastics Recycling – Crude slumps

Sovcomflot is a key shipper of Russian oil and liquefied natural gas cargoes globally.

Oil Updates — Crude slumps; Russia says cutting oil production would have risks; Sinopec fire kills one

-Idemitsu and JERA Agree to Jointly Consider Establishing a Hydrogen Supply Chain Based in the Ise Bay Area

Idemitsu Kosan Co.,Ltd. (“Idemitsu”) and JERA Co., Inc. (“JERA”) have today concluded a memorandum of understanding (“MOU”) stipulating that they will jointly consider establishing a hydrogen supply chain based in the Ise Bay area.

On the back of demand for decarbonization, hydrogen—which emits no CO2 when burned—is expected to be used in large quantities at power plants and in industrial areas as a next-generation replacement for fossil fuels.

It is essential, therefore, to develop large-scale receiving and supply bases near areas where hydrogen will be in demand. Plastics Recycling – Crude slumps

The Ise Bay area, where many industries are concentrated, has the future potential to become a large-scale receiving and supply base. Idemitsu is engaged in the business of receiving and refining crude oil and supplying petroleum products in the area. JERA, meanwhile, owns thermal power plants and LNG receiving terminals in the area and strives to ensure a stable supply of electricity in the Chubu region.

The MOU stipulates that the two companies will jointly consider the following as they look to establish a hydrogen supply chain based in the Ise Bay area where each operates businesses:

  • Establishment of hydrogen receiving, storage, processing, and supply bases
  • Technological and economic analysis of transportation methods for hydrogen in the Ise Bay area
  • Development of a hydrogen supply network

Idemitsu and JERA will utilize their accumulated technology, knowledge, and assets to contribute to the establishment of a stable, economical supply chain for hydrogen as part of their efforts to achieve carbon neutrality. The two companies will also cooperate with “Hydrogen Utilization Study Group in Chubu”, which is working to establish cross-industrial hydrogen supply chain throughout the Chubu region.

Idemitsu has adopted the “CNX* Center” concept of transforming existing manufacturing bases such as refineries and complexes into new low carbon and resource-recycling energy hubs. Idemitsu aims to establish a supply chain that supplies CO2-free energy by taking advantage of the unique characteristics of each of the group’s sites while fulfilling responsibility for the stable supply of energy. Plastics Recycling – Crude slumps

Under its “JERA Zero CO2 Emissions 2050” objective, JERA has been working to reduce CO2 emissions from its domestic and overseas businesses to zero by 2050, to promote the adoption of greener fuels, and to pursue thermal power that does not emit CO2 during power generation.

Idemitsu and JERA Agree to Jointly Consider Establishing a Hydrogen Supply Chain Based in the Ise Bay Area

-PyroTex® Classic Eases Aramid Shortage

Producers of for example asphalt and cement are forced to seek out alternative high-heat fabrics for particulate dust filtration amidst the global Aramid shortage.

“The merger of Dow and Dupont […] has significantly contributed to the shortage of fibers we’re seeing today. Supply chain is a huge problem with Meta-aramid […]; there doesn’t seem to be any changes in that issue until the end of 2022,” said Chris Plotz, director of education and technical affairs at the International Nonwovens and Disposables Associations (INDA). Plastics Recycling – Crude slumps

The ongoing shortage is creating problems not only for the asphalt and cement industry, which relies heavily on Meta-Aramid filter bags to meet their environmental compliance mandates but equally for producers of PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) and aircraft supplies.

However, there is an available solution to take the strain out of the market and ease the current bottleneck: PyroTex® classic, the flame and heat resistant fiber produced by PyroTex Industries in Europe.

PyroTex® Classic Eases Aramid Shortage

Plastics Recycling – Crude slumps

PP-PE-polymerisation – PET-Recycling 18-06-2022

PP-PE-polymerisation – PET-Recycling 18-06-2022

PP-PE-polymerisation – PET-Recycling

-EREMA Group and Borealis at K 2022: a first glimpse of K show topics, activities and highlights

13 June, EREMA Group and Borealis invited representatives of the international plastics and recycling trade press to Upper Austria for a sneak preview of the technological developments and lighthouse projects that the companies will present at K 2022, the plastics industry’s international meeting place. The venue for the pre-K event was EREMA Group headquarters in Ansfelden.

Publishers and editors of more than 50 international trade magazines accepted EREMA and Borealis invitation to Ansfelden to get information first-hand about the companies’ trade fair topics and activities.

“Our mission ‘Another life for plastic, because we care’, is also our tagline at this year’s trade fair. This underlines what EREMA company group will be showing plastics industry insiders and all other visitors to the trade fair: That it is possible to implement a circular economy if everyone in the value chain works together,” said Manfred Hackl, CEO EREMA Group GmbH, in his opening presentation.

EREMA Group K 2022 preview

In Düsseldorf, the subsidiaries of the EREMA Group – which are EREMA, PURE LOOP, UMAC, 3S, KEYCYCLE and PLASMAC – will present their technological innovations, services and support together at a Group trade fair stand for the first time. Seven new recycling systems and components will be presented that enable large-scale plants with a production capacity of up to 6 t/h while setting a milestone in recyclate quality and process stability. This is made possible by technological innovations in the plasticizing unit that have been specially developed for high throughputs with low specific energy consumption, the new EREMA 406 laser filter with a 50 percent larger screening area, and new digital assistance systems that will be launched at K 2022 and made available on the BluPort® customer platform. These include, for example, the PredictOn app, which helps to anticipate and eliminate imminent malfunctions based on continuous measurement and evaluation of machine data.

New series of machines for new target groups

“CHEMAREMA is a new series we have developed for mechanical material processing as part of the chemical recycling process,” says Hackl by way of introducing another EREMA innovation. Mechanical processes are often at the beginning of the process chain for chemical recycling to prepare input streams and ensure a reliable, continuous and energy-efficient flow of feed material. CHEMAREMA features extrusion technology that can be adapted to the application requirements and is designed precisely for downstream chemical processes.

For customers looking for rapidly available recycling systems for simple applications, EREMA Group subsidiary UMAC has an innovation in store for K 2022. The company, which has so far specialised in refurbishing and trading in previously owned equipment, is expanding its business area and in Düsseldorf will launch READYMAC, a standardised, prefabricated recycling solution that can be produced from stock, based on proven EREMA TVE technology.

EREMA Group and Borealis at K 2022: a first glimpse of K show topics, activities and highlights

-K 2022: Palsgaard to launch plant-based additive to replace existing PP and PE polymerisation technology

Speaking at a pre-K event in Rotterdam today, additive specialist Palsgaard announced it will launch a new anti-fouling additive for use during the PP and PE polymerisation process – dubbed Einar 981 – which it claims replaces existing chemistry.

Bjarne Nielsen, business development manager, confirmed that the new additive is also plant-based and food-grade.

Nielsen explained that static build-up during polymerisation can cause fouling of the reactor wall. The new additive works to remove this effect, helping PP and PE producers maintain the cooling efficiency of the reactor. It needs only to be used at low concentrations (100-300 ppm), Nielsen added. PP-PE-polymerisation – PET-Recycling

The group is positioning the new product as an alternative to the ethoxylated amine chemistry currently used. Einar 981 is supplied as a clear, pumpable liquid for use in existing dosing systems. The active compound is a polyglycerol ester (PGE) blend of fatty acids derived from RSPO certified sustainable palm oil.

A statement from the group also read: “As a non-toxic and food-contact approved anti-fouling additive, the product offers a drop-in regulatory-compliant solution to replace incumbent ethoxylated amines and can also be used as a more efficient alternative to sorbitan monooleates. This makes it an ideal process additive in the polymerisation of PP and PE materials for sensitive applications, including e.g. medical devices and baby food containers.”  PP-PE-polymerisation – PET-Recycling

Ulrik Aunskjaer, global business director, bio specialty additives at Palsgaard, added:

“Polyolefin producers are under growing pressure from converters and brand owners to abandon the use of ethoxylated amines in their polymerisation processes and switch to safer products without any regulatory concerns,”

K 2022: Palsgaard to launch plant-based additive to replace existing PP and PE polymerisation technology

-Origin Materials and Kuraray Announce Carbon Negative Materials Partnership

Kuraray signed a multi-year capacity reservation agreement to purchase sustainable carbon negative materials from Origin Materials

Origin Materials, Inc. (“Origin” or “Origin Materials”) (NASDAQ: ORGN, ORGNW), the world’s leading carbon negative materials company with a mission to enable the world’s transition to sustainable materials, and Kuraray Co., Ltd (“Kuraray”), a leading manufacturer of specialty chemicals, fibers, and other materials, today announced a strategic partnership to commercialize advanced carbon negative materials for diverse polymer applications. PP-PE-polymerisation – PET-Recycling

As part of the strategic partnership, Kuraray signed a capacity reservation agreement with Origin Materials to purchase sustainable, carbon negative intermediate chemicals used in the large-scale synthesis of many polymers, including PTA, PET, and polyamide. The materials from Origin will enhance Kuraray’s mission to develop innovative solutions with unique products and cleaner technologies to improve the natural environment and enhance quality of life for people everywhere.

Origin’s patented technology platform, which turns the carbon found in sustainable wood residues into useful materials, can help revolutionize the production of a wide range of end products and supports industry’s transition to sustainable materials and lower GHG emissions.

“We are thrilled to partner with Kuraray, a leading global manufacturer with a deep commitment to the highest standards for performance and sustainability,” said Rich Riley, Co-CEO of Origin Materials. PP-PE-polymerisation – PET-Recycling

PP-PE-polymerisation - PET-Recycling

-New US PET Recycling Coalition

The Recycling Partnership, a US force for improving recycling, announced the launch of its PET Recycling Coalition, an initiative informed by industry knowledge and expertise to improve PET circularity. Its work will focus on addressing four key opportunities to increase recycling of this valuable material:

  • Increasing the capture of PET bottles
  • Broadening the acceptance of PET trays, cups, and clamshells in community recycling collection programs
  • Unlocking new supplies of recycled PET (rPET) for packaging manufacturers
  • Strengthening recycling systems for pigmented and opaque PET

While eliminating unnecessary usage is an important component of circularity, increased PET recycling is another critical step in advancing circularity, states the Coalition.

This along with company commitments and recycled content mandates in proposed U.S. legislation is leading to skyrocketing demand for recycled PET but supply is currently limited.  PP-PE-polymerisation – PET-Recycling

Most Americans with recycling access are able to recycle PET bottles; however, just 54% can recycle other types of PET packaging like plastic egg cartons and fruit containers. Furthermore, the recycling rate for PET bottles was only 26.6% in 2021. While most PET never makes it into the recycling bin due to insufficient access and participation, as much as 17% of bottles that are recovered are lost at Materials Recovery Facilities (MRFs) due to sortation challenges. By supporting solutions identified by the PET Recycling Coalition, there is a great opportunity to increase recovery and reduce plastic waste and help make progress toward packaging circularity goals.

The PET Recycling Coalition will make grants to recycling facilities for sorting equipment and related capital needs. These upgrades will improve PET bottle capture, deliver more rPET for use back into bottles and thermoforms, increase the acceptance of non-bottle rigid items in community recycling programs, and strengthen recycling opportunities for pigmented and opaque PET. Through grants, technical assistance, and knowledge sharing, the Coalition envisions a thriving PET recycling system that captures significantly more material, enabling more circular PET packaging with increased amounts of recycled content. PP-PE-polymerisation – PET-Recycling

“The Recycling Partnership is dedicated to building a stronger U.S. recycling system, including material-focused efforts such as the PET Recycling Coalition. The success of these material-specific coalitions shows us that when we take a systems approach, we’re able to not only lift up that targeted material but all the other recyclables in the bin as well,” said Keefe Harrison, CEO of The Recycling Partnership.

PP-PE-polymerisation - PET-Recycling

-Use Coperion’s new side feeder to recycle intake-limited plastic recyclate

With the goal of making recycling of lightweight, high-volume fibre and flake recyclate more economical and, in some cases even possible, Coperion has developed a new version of its ZS-B side feeder. Using the ZS-B MEGAfeed, plastic recyclate with a bulk density under 200 kg/m cubed, long considered intake-limited and not worth recycling, can be reliably fed in large quantities into Coperion’s ZSK twin screw extruder and be concurrently recycled and compounded. PP-PE-polymerisation – PET-Recycling

The ZS-B side feeder’s design makes it possible to feed high rates of fibre and flakes, such as PA, PE, PET, and PP. As a result, the ZSK twin screw extruder’s high capacity can be fully exploited when the ZS-B MEGAfeed is used. Ideal throughputs in both mechanical and chemical recycling of post-industrial and post-consumer waste are achieved.

Increased throughput numbers

With a ZSK 58 Mc18 twin screw extruder, the throughput increase and thus the potential of the new ZS-B MEGAfeed becomes very clear. When recycling PA fibres with a bulk density of ~40-50 kg/m cubed, throughputs of 70 kg/h were previously achieved using conventional equipment. When the PA fibres were fed into the ZSK extruder using the ZS-B MEGAfeed, throughputs increased about fourteenfold to 1,000 kg/h.

Similar results were achieved recycling carbon fibres with a bulk density of ~50 to 70 kg/m cubed; in this case, throughputs increased from 50 kg/h to 2,500 kg/h using the ZS-B MEGAfeed. PP-PE-polymerisation – PET-Recycling

When recycling PCR (post-consumer recycled) flakes, throughputs increased from 50 kg/h to 700 kg/h, and from 80 kg/h to 1,300 kg/h with multilayer film flakes.

PP-PE-polymerisation - PET-Recycling

-BASF plans to increase prices for nylon 6 in N America

BASF is seeking a 22 cent/lb (USD485/tonne) increase on its caprolactam and nylon 6 in North America, effective 1 July, said the company.

The company did not provide a reason in the media release for the July increase initiative. US June contracts for upstream benzene settled at a 35% increase from May. Spot benzene last traded at USD6.50/gal. PP-PE-polymerisation – PET-Recycling

We remind, in May, BASF increased prices for its Refinery Catalysts portfolio globally. With immediate effect, BASF’s Refinery Catalysts business will increase prices for its portfolio globally. The price adjustment is in response to continuously surging raw material, transportation, and energy costs.

BASF’s Catalysts division is the world’s leading supplier of environmental and process catalysts. The group offers exceptional expertise in the development of technologies that protect the air we breathe, produce the fuels that power our world and ensure efficient production of a wide variety of chemicals, plastics and other products, including advanced battery materials. PP-PE-polymerisation – PET-Recycling

PP-PE-polymerisation - PET-Recycling

-AdvanSix Announces Price Increase on Nylon 6 & 6/66

AdvanSix Announces Price Increase on Nylon 6 & 6/66

Chattanooga, TN, June 16, 2022-Due to increases in raw materials prices and continued demand for nylon 6, 6/66 and nylon 6 intermediates, AdvanSix will increase the prices in the Americas of caprolactam, Aegis nylon 6 and nylon 6/66 copolymer resins by $0.20/pound, effective July 1 or as contracts allow. PP-PE-polymerisation – PET-Recycling

AdvanSix is also analyzing the impact of unprecedented energy costs in its operations and anticipates the need to communicate an energy surcharge in the future.

AdvanSix Announces Price Increase on Nylon 6 & 6/66

PP-PE-polymerisation – PET-Recycling

Plant-based-plastics – Graphene-additives 17-06-2022

Plant-based-plastics – Graphene-additives 17-06-2022

Plant-based-plastics – Graphene-additives

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime

-Optical sensor sorting

Stadler is introducing a new Stadler PX acceleration conveyor. It is intended to meet the demand for higher throughput in sensor-based automatic sorting, which can operate at higher working speeds. To achieve the desired result, Stadler has integrated features of its popular BB and DB conveyors, and has taken the opportunity to introduce a host of improvements. They include a new air stabiliser for consistent sorting quality at faster speeds with light materials, resulting in good purity of the output.

Corinna König, Team Leader Product Management explains, “We found that we were increasingly combining our BB and DB conveyors in customers’ projects to achieve the desired result, so we developed the PX, which combines the best features of each into one conveyor. Plant-based-plastics – Graphene-additives

This means that our customers now have only one machine to operate and maintain, simplifying their operation and reducing their costs.”

The new PX conveyor carries over the solid frame construction and long service life of its predecessors, the BB and DB models. It features a slot to fit a sensor under the belt and is easily compatible with NIR and EM sensors from a variety of manufacturers. It offers a belt speed ranging from 3.2 m/s to a fast 4.5 m/s, and can be specified with two motors to ensure the necessary torque at the required speed. The head drum is available in a choice of two diameters: 125mm and 220mm for the best detachment of the material.

The material on the conveyor is accelerated and straightened, so that the sensors fitted in the slot are able to detect accurately the material on the conveyor at all speeds. An optional stabiliser further improves performance by optimising the positioning of the material on the belt with an air flow. The result is a higher throughput with high sorting quality and a higher purity levels of the blown-out fraction – even at the top speed with light materials such as paper or film.  Plant-based-plastics – Graphene-additives

The PX benefits from a compact size and is designed for easy transport. The frame, with the belt already mounted, can be separated into three or four sections, depending on the length of the conveyor. These can be stacked for transport and are simple to reassemble on site. Even the model with the widest, 2,900mm belt can be loaded on standard trucks or containers, also cutting down on transport costs.

Optical sensor sorting

-May German inflation at 7.9%; very high for 3rd month in row post 1990

The consumer price index (CPI)-based inflation rate in Germany was 7.9 per cent in May this year—an all-time high for the third month in a row since German reunification.

The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) attributed the high inflation primarily to price rise for energy products. Plant-based-plastics – Graphene-additives

But it also sees price increases for many other goods, especially food.

“A similarly high inflation rate was last recorded in the former territory of the Federal Republic in winter 1973/1974 when mineral oil prices had sharply increased as a consequence of the first oil crisis”, Destatis president Georg Thiel said in a release.

In March 2022, the inflation rate had stood at 7.3 per cent and in April this year at 7.4 per cent. Consumer prices in May this year were up by 0.9 per cent over April.

The increase in energy prices observed already before the war in Ukraine has markedly accelerated since the war started and it has a substantial impact on the inflation rate, Destatis noted.

Additional factors are delivery bottlenecks due to interruptions in supply chains, also caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, and marked price increases at upstream stages in the economic process.

Price increases accelerated for consumers not only regarding energy products but also other products, such as many food products again, as a consequence of the situation of war and crisis.

Energy product prices in May this year were 38.3 per cent higher than in the same month a year earlier, following a 35.3 per cent increase in April 2022.

Natural gas prices (55.2 per cent rise) and motor fuel prices (41 per cent rise) increased considerably. The price rises for the other energy products were markedly above the overall inflation rate, too, for example the prices of solid fuels (33.4 per cent rise) and of electricity (21.5 per cent). Plant-based-plastics – Graphene-additives

The price increase for energy products was due to several factors. In addition to the war- and crisis-related effects, the increase in the carbon dioxide charge from €25 to €30 per tonne of carbon dioxide, that became effective at the beginning of the year, had an impact in Germany.

Plant-based-plastics - Graphene-additives

-New plastics prepare for takeoff

Plant-based plastics are only just starting to be more widely accepted

Plant-based plastics are only just starting to be more widely accepted. But challenges remain. If new plastics are an industry preparing for takeoff, then they are taxiing down the runway with the accelerator at full throttle. But the wheels haven’t yet left the ground: cost, production and disposal  issues are preventing lift-off.

Existing petroleum-based plastics are durable, lightweight and ideal for use as food packaging but their role in climate change, waste, marine pollution and poor air quality means they need to be phased out. It’s time for new plastics to take flight.

The leading contenders to replace petroleum-based plastics are bioplastics. These have a similar molecular structure and qualities but are derived from natural resources such as plant-based starches and vegetable oils, and/or will decompose when disposed of properly.

Global production of bioplastics is expected to double from around 2.4 million tonnes in 2021 to around 5.2 million tonnes in 2023. Partly driving this demand, several food industries, especially those involving single-use applications, are starting to use bioplastics. Plant-based-plastics – Graphene-additives

Last year, Coca-Cola announced a limited run of a 100-percent plant-based plastic bottle. Three years ago, Qantas ran an experimental zero-waste flight.

Among the most studied bioplastics are poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs). Both are polymers: long chains of repeating molecular subunits.

PLA is assembled, using conventional chemistry techniques, from renewable ingredients, particularly sugar and starch. It is sometimes used as a clear plastic tub for take-away salad or as a bubble-tea cup.

PHAs are a family of related polymers assembled by various bacteria (for example Alcaligenes eutrophus and Ralstonia eutropha) as energy-storage molecules.

PHAs are produced by fermenting sugar or lipids with the bacteria and extracting the polymer from the cells. PHA disposable knives and forks might accompany airline meals.

Traditional plastics are not often recycled and are discarded or incinerated with other solid waste. But PLA and PHAs are biodegradable they are broken down by microbes in the right environmental conditions.

PLA is biodegradable under industrial composting conditions (at a temperature of about 58C) but may remain for up to 1,000 years in the ocean. PHAs are biodegradable in compost and also in marine environments.

With about 450,000 tonnes produced in 2021, PLA is among the largest produced biodegradable polymers in the world. But bioplastics face many challenges before they can be more widely adopted. Plant-based-plastics – Graphene-additives

One of these challenges is cost. At around US$10 per kilogram, PLA’s price is still high. Increasing production efficiency and competition will likely drive prices down.

Similarly, new techniques to produce PHAs more cheaply are being explored. One research direction is to produce PHAs using inexpensive carbon feedstocks such as crude glycerol, a byproduct of biodiesel.

New plastics prepare for takeoffPlant-based plastics are only just starting to be more widely accepted

-Nanotechnology firm boosts plastic strength with graphene additives

Nanotechnology company Gerdau Graphene has announced that it has created graphene-enhanced plastics, which produce significantly less waste across the value chain. The new materials are also reportedly stronger, better-performing, and cheaper to manufacture than traditional plastics.  Plant-based-plastics – Graphene-additives

Gerdau Graphene bagsIn partnership with Brazil’s EMBRAPII SENAI/SP Advanced Materials Unit, Gerdau is developing graphene additives for virgin resins, as well as post-industrial and post-consumer recycled plastics and polymers, including PP, PE, polystyrene (PS), polycarbonate (PC), PVC, and more.

The company has recently created new graphene-enhanced polymeric resin masterbatch formulas for polyethylene (PP) and polypropylene (PE). The first commercial deliveries are expected this month, with the masterbatches currently being trialled in a series of industrial applications in Gerdau’s factories.

Speaking to Resource, Alexandre Côrrea, CEO of Gerdau Graphene detailed the potential uses of the graphene-enhanced plastics: “The masterbatches are suitable for application in several polymers processing methods, as we can develop different formulations for different uses.

“For example, one customer (which we cannot name publicly at this time) is using our masterbatches to produce flexible packaging for consumer goods. Our masterbatch is not restricted to flexible film products, and can also be used for PE and PP rigid injection molded, blown molded, thermoformed, or extruded parts.

“For now, we are focusing on the main applications for PE and PP in the market, so when it comes to PE, most of our developments are related to flexible film extrusion, and as for PP, we have been developing solutions for parts produced by injection molding.”

Discovered in 2004, Graphene is a one to ten atom-thick sheet of densely-compacted carbon that can be modified for various uses and added to industrial materials. The material can be mixed with plastics, lending its strength to the plastic matrix, as well as increasing barrier properties against liquids and gasses, and boosting protection from weathering, oxidation, and UV light. Graphene’s addition also increases electric and thermal conductivity.

Côrrea added: “Plastic is a critical life-saving material that is now used in almost all products in every industry around the world, and its invention has radically transformed how humans live.  Plant-based-plastics – Graphene-additives

“The biggest challenge we face is how to make plastics better by improving its material qualities, reducing costs, and increasing sustainability throughout its lifecycle. We are now addressing all of these goals.

Plant-based-plastics - Graphene-additives

-Generation mint-based textile odor control technology

HeiQ and Patagonia take their long-standing research collaboration to the next level and announce the launch of a jointly developed odor control technology for textiles, HeiQ Fresh MNT – renewably sourced mint oil-derived textile technology to control malodor development on textiles. Plant-based-plastics – Graphene-additives

The long-standing research partnership between Patagonia and HeiQ resulted in yet another innovative solution for a problem on many textiles – malodor. Inspired by Patagonia’s determination to continuously improve the chemistry used on all their products, the two pioneers announce the launch of HeiQ Fresh MNT, next generation sustainable odor control based on essential mint oil derived from a renewable and sustainable source.

The similar environmental and social philosophy shared between Patagonia and HeiQ was the backbone for the two brands to embark on an intense research partnership since 2015. Patagonia gives the ideas and sets the principles, HeiQ uses its expertise in specialty chemical formulation and application to textiles to create finishings that outperform the market in terms of sustainability and functionality.

Next Level Sustainable Odor Management

HeiQ Fresh MNT is the latest addition to the HeiQ Fresh family of sustainable odor management technologies, complementing the company’s mineral-based HeiQ Fresh HAX and the bio-based HeiQ Fresh FFL. HeiQ Fresh MNT uses a renewable and responsibly sourced mint oil-derived textile technology to control malodor development on textiles, providing fabrics with a long-lasting odor control capability that keeps garments smelling fresh and wearers feeling clean and comfortable all day long. Based on test method ISO17299-3A using isovaleric acid, treated synthetic fibers more than double the odor control efficiency versus current industry standards.

HeiQ Co-founder and CEO, Carlo Centonze, says: “Our partnership with Patagonia has always been productive as they constantly stretch our innovative capabilities. It therefore comes as no surprise that we were able to discover the powerful properties of mint as an active ingredient for our next generation odor control technology. HeiQ Fresh MNT is further confirmation of our dedication to enhance people’s lives with sustainable innovation.  Plant-based-plastics – Graphene-additives

Generation mint-based textile odor control technology

-CHEP showcases sustainable, modular packaging solutions for EV batteries at The Battery Show in Stuttgart

Supply chain and logistics solutions leader anticipate disruption with an agile and sustainable approach to battery transport Plant-based-plastics – Graphene-additives

Already speaking earlier this year on the evolution of packaging to support electric vehicle (EV) battery development at Odette’s Building Solutions for Sustainable Supply Chains conference, CHEP will offer a live demonstration of its innovative and sustainable packaging solutions on its stand at The Battery Show Europe at the Stuttgart Messe on June 29, 2022.

Part of the Brambles group, CHEP Automotive uses 10 million crates and containers to offer a ‘share and reuse’ pooling service to its 5,000 customers. With passenger EV sales projected to increase from 6.5 million in 2021 to over 70 million by 2040 (BloombergNEF), original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) around the world face the challenge of packaging and transporting dangerous and costly lithium-ion batteries.

If EVs are hailed as the answer to climate problems, their manufacture and transport cannot generate a sizeable carbon footprint. With the composition, design and size of batteries constantly evolving, most OEMs however – whilst waiting for more standardization to arrive – still use one-way packaging to transport lithium-ion batteries rather than investing in more robust and reusable alternatives.

As part of the supply chain is already standardized – shipping and trucking containers of set dimensions – CHEP has found a way to work with their recycled and reusable plastic containers (EuroBins and IsoBins) that have already been designed to optimize transportation volumes and reduce empty transport miles. The innovation lies in the bespoke development of adjustable thermoformed trays and inserts to optimize the loading of those same UN-certified bins. These inserts can be easily redesigned over time and are cheaper and quicker to replace than the plastic containers themselves.

“Standardization and sustainability are buzzwords when it comes to the EV battery supply chain. But with a moving feast of electric batteries and current supply chain challenges, we are in a ‘just in case’ rather than a ‘just in time’ scenario. Plant-based-plastics – Graphene-additives

Plant-based-plastics - Graphene-additives

-ANA-U relies on injection moulding technology from the Wittman Group

For just under three years, ANA-U has been producing moulded parts from natural substances under the “Green Quality” brand. These consist of 100% of plant-based renewable materials and are compostable just like wood.

The Green Quality moulded parts are manufactured on an all-electric from Wittman Battenfeld. Plant-based-plastics – Graphene-additives

The EcoPower 160/750 is equipped with a fully integrated Wittman W918 robot, which removes the parts and deposits them on a conveyor belt. A Wittman Tempro basic C90 temperature controller and a Gravimax 14 gravimetric blender are also integrated in the machine’s UNILOG B8 control system.

Ewald Ulrich, founder and CEO of ANA-U, is very satisfied with the equipment from Wittman Battenfeld. Ewald Ulrich comments: “Moulded parts made of renewable raw materials require production machinery with high precision and extended options for parameter setting.

Plant-based-plastics - Graphene-additives

-Oil more likely to touch $130-140 rather than go back to $100

“As long as the Russia-Ukraine war continues to fester and the sanctions remain in place, it is very hard to see Brent going back below $110. The safety valves are all closed,” says Vandana Hari, Founder & CEO, Vanda Insights.

The world is worried about demand and the recession but the crude market is telling you it does not matter. How ironic is it that everything is down but crude and energy prices are going higher? Plant-based-plastics – Graphene-additives

I cannot disagree with you. You are absolutely right there is worry over demand but let me put it this way, there is a great worry on supply. There is also a bit of timing mismatch about supply and I can give you a whole line up of problems starting with Russia and sanctions against Russia, then Libya and the Kashagan fields.

The US output is not really picking up fast enough and the list goes on and on. There is a timing mismatch. The supply problems are very real and the supply worries could get worse before it gets better. That is what is taking up the mind space of market participants right now. Whereas the demand worries are definitely there, a little bit farther down the road, or out of line of sight. The oil market has a very short-term view. The short-term view as of now seems far more bullish with far more supply worries than demand concerns.

What for you is likely to be the normal for crude prices going forward? RBI is pencilling in an average of $105 a barrel. Is that too conservative?

As far as price expectations are concerned, we are going to be in search of a new normal for quite some time – for the rest of 2022 and potentially through 2023 as well. If one you is taking a view of that for next 6 months and 18 months, you have to keep in mind several things. One is, of course, what happens to the Russian invasion in Ukraine, what is the end game there, how does it pan out and then ultimately what happens to western sanctions against Russia?  Plant-based-plastics – Graphene-additives

I think that is a very key part of the equation. As of now, as we are sitting here today, it is impossible to predict what is going to happen next in Ukraine let alone what is going to happen 6 months or 18 months down the line. So that is going to be key.

Plant-based-plastics - Graphene-additives

Plant-based-plastics – Graphene-additives

Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession 16-06-2022

Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession 16-06-2022

Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

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-Can advanced recycling support flexible packaging’s quest for circularity?

Sreeparna Das spoke to Bob Powell, CEO of Brightmark, to understand the role advanced recycling – also known as chemical recycling – can play in supporting the demands of the flexible packaging sector, the key growth areas, and the existing challenges to scaling up advanced recycling.

As demand for more recycled content, commitment to meet environmental objectives and consumer expectations converge, significant increases in recycling capacities are needed. Advanced recycling is a pathway receiving significant capital investment and seeing numerous high-profile partnerships emerge. Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession

Brightmark has signed a memorandum of understanding with bp to jointly evaluate opportunities to develop next generation plastics renewal plants in Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands; and recently become ISCC+ certified and active in CEFLEX to work more closely across the whole flexible packaging value chain.

SD: Can you shed some light on recycling choices and the possible pathways to a circular economy?

BP: There are a number of steps on a mission to reimagine waste and hopefully, in the end, create a world without waste. Thinking of this as ‘it takes a village’ is really important here. Reduction in use is one of the important solutions and we advocate the reduction of plastic waste by lowering consumption. And before post-consumer plastic products get to us, there need to be the right incentives and the ecosystem in place to avoid plastics entering the environment.

Specific to mechanical or advanced recycling pathways, an important aspect is to determine how much of the post-use waste stream can each technology process in the most efficient way. There is a high value in mechanical recycling of plastic waste streams like water bottles – and in reference to the one to seven plastic categories – the ones, some of the twos, and some of the fours.

Specific to mechanical or advanced recycling pathways, an important aspect is to determine how much of the post-use waste stream can each technology process in the most efficient way. There is a high value in mechanical recycling of plastic waste streams like water bottles – and in reference to the one to seven plastic categories – the ones, some of the twos, and some of the fours. Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession

Can advanced recycling support flexible packaging’s quest for circularity?

-Ultrafast Simultaneous and Selective Depolymerization of Heterogeneous Streams of Polyethylene Terephthalate and Polycarbonate: Towards Industrially Feasible Chemical Recycling

Going the simplest way: Easy, fast, inexpensive and energy efficient depolymerization of mixed streams of PC and PET, to obtain pure TPA and BPA is carried out in a one-step process. The combination of a strong depolymerization agent with microwaves in tightly sealed vessels and a simple separation of products abolishes the need for selective collection and separable waste. Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession

Mixed plastic waste-streams are a main obstacle to a more extensive implementation of polymer recycling. Separating mixed-plastic waste streams demands time and effort at collection or in the recycling plant, while many products consist of multiple polymers that cannot be readily separated. Chemical recycling could provide the key to overcome this issue by targeting specific chemical bonds, enabling selective depolymerization of a single polymer class in a mixture.

This work explores the depolymerization of polycarbonate (PC) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) in separate and in mixed streams.

Selective depolymerization of mixed streams composed of PET and PC and one-step separation of their constituent monomers are carried out with outstanding energy efficiency through an inexpensive KOH-in-methanol hydrolysis (KMH) process developed for instantaneous PET hydrolysis.

The activation energies for depolymerization of PC and PET pellets are 68.6 and 131.4 kJ mol−1, respectively.

Randomly mixed streams are fully depolymerized within 2 min at 120 °C using 30 mL of depolymerization solution per gram of polymer. Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession

The separation of bisphenol A and terephthalic acid is demonstrated in a one-step separation process, yielding 98 and 97 % purity without any secondary reactions detected.

Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession

-Netstal establishes subsidiary in Italy and appoints Alberto Rossi as Managing Director

Alberto Rossi has taken over the position of Managing Director at the recently re-established subsidiary Netstal Italia S.r.l. Alberto Rossi thus indirectly succeeds Andrea Bottelli, who had successfully built up the former Netstal Italia S.r.l. since 1995 and then further developed the Italian market for both brands as Managing Director of KraussMaffei Italia from 2013 to 2020. From the new location in Gerenzano (VA), Alberto Rossi and his team will provide support to customers throughout Italy.Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession

Alberto Rossi has more than 30 years of experience in various roles with several market players in the plastics industry. His career began with a leading international manufacturer of plastic packaging, where he first encountered Netstal injection moulding machines to produce PET preforms and closures as a production engineer. From 1999 to 2008, he served as a sales and service engineer at Netstal Italia. After a stopover as Production Manager at a Netstal customer, he returned to KraussMaffei Italia in 2016 and acted in the same function for both the KraussMaffei brand and Netstal.

“I am honored to continue the work of Andrea Bottelli, who laid the foundation in Italy for the further development of our great brand. We want to ensure that all customers and potential new customers appreciate the performance of our machines through greater innovation, which can add value to our customers’ budgets through lower production costs. The added value of our service and consultancy will bring many benefits to those who choose us as a partner. The continuous evolution of the market, which demands ever faster cycles, highest precision, stable high-performance, as well as low energy consumption, will be the key to a future of continuous growth in the Italian market”, says Alberto Rossi.Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession

Renzo Davatz, CEO of Netstal and member of the Executive Committee of the KraussMaffei Group, states: “Building a subsidiary is one thing. Handing over a healthy foundation with a stable customer base to the next generation is another thing. And that is exactly what Andrea Bottelli has done successfully. I am very pleased that Alberto Rossi is now taking over Andrea’s legacy and will further develop the company together. Alberto and his experienced team will continue to support all our customers in Italy with the same spirit that Andrea has given them over many years. We are delighted that the successful history of Netstal Italia is now writing a new chapter.”Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession

Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession

-Berry’s PCR Initiatives Support Customer Sustainability Objectives

Berry has announced a number of initiatives both to support its customers’ sustainability goals and to help them meet the requirements of the UK Plastic Packaging Tax.

The company says that the majority of its standard products have now been tested and qualified incorporating a minimum of 30% post-consumer recycled (PCR) plastic. Berry is also working closely with its customers to support the incorporation of PCR into their specific productsPlastic-recycling- Possibility-recession

Both moves will be further supported later this year by the availability of additional quality rPP mechanical recycled FDA grade material through the establishment of a new Berry Global polymer recycling unit in the UK.

The new facility employs the company’s proprietary CleanStream® technology, which delivers a closed-loop system to mechanically process domestically recovered household waste polypropylene back into consumer packaging. Used plastics are washed, sorted and sifted to produce food-grade materials with a remarkable target purity standard of 99.9%.

These latest developments are in line with Berry Global’s published Impact 2025 sustainability strategy which aims to work with customers to support all aspects of their sustainability objectives, focusing on areas including product design, material selection, recycling and manufacturing excellence.Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession

The ability to incorporate at least 30% PCR into packs, meanwhile, will provide exemption to the Plastic Packaging Tax, which was introduced into the UK in April on all plastic packaging either manufactured or imported into the UK.

Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession

-SK’s LG Chem, GS EPS partner on biomass plant

South Korean chemicals firm LG Chem has signed a letter of intent with domestic independent power producer (IPP) GS EPS to work together on a biomass-based eco-friendly energy project.Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession

Both companies will work towards the construction of a joint wood-based biomass plant at a Yeosu complex on South Korea’s southern coast in 2025. The proposed power plant plans to use waste wood to produce industrial steam and electricity.

Both companies will also collaborate on establishing a power purchase agreement for renewable energy with Korea Power Exchange, the agency under the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (Motie) responsible for the country’s electric power system, as well as look into more opportunities in the renewable energy sector.

South Korea’s biomass market is expecting to see growing demand for woody biomass as the government has adopted a more aggressive stance on renewable energy. Motie plans to raise the country’s renewable portfolio standard (RPS) to 25pc in 2026 from 2022’s 12.5pc. Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession

Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession

-Possibility of recession weighs heavy on Europe chemicals distribution sector

European chemicals distributors face tough times in coming months as consumer demand is weighed down by ever-increasing prices, with the sector bracing for a negative impact.

Chemicals supply chain executives discussed the issue at a roundtable conducted by ICIS and the European Association of Chemical Distributors (FECC) on Monday, where speakers discussed logistics and supply chain pressures.Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession

“It’s probably true that we’re going to be heading into some kind of recession, however big, long, or short, the recession that might be, said , Phillip Gibbons, CEO at UK-headquarted chemicals distributor Cornelius.

“And, obviously, that will impinge on demand. I suspect some of us might even have seen one or two early signs of that happening. So, it’s going to be a case of making sure that you look after the fundamentals of your business during a tougher economic time.”

Meanwhile, the managing director of Germany’s IMCD Group, Lars Wallstein,  concurred that rising costs are set to have an impact on demand, although conceded it is hard to know how consumers will respond to the high-inflation environment.

“Inflation was driven by energy [in previous months] but it has now moved through to the production processes … And it is here to stay for some time,” said Wallstein.

“Because it is not only about transportation and our prices, but also about the services sectors and a serious lack of competition.”Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession


As a net importer, Europe could be at particular risk from not receiving materials made in other regions, due to fraught supply chains, with China as the dominant region for chemicals production.

Andreas Frueh, CEO at Germany’s TER Chemicals Distribution Group, said that while Europe owns its dependency on China for production, several things would need to change to make Europe’s independence in sourcing raw materials a reality.

“In the long-term, we are looking for alternative suppliers [to China]. But in a short-term perspective, we should be in a place of restocking of material again to avoid shortages, so our customers have the security that we are able to supply them if needed,” said Frueh.

Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession

-Borealis help Uponor create the first cross-linked polyethylene pipes

In line with its EverMinds initiatives to work with partners along the value chain and accelerate action on circularity, Borealis has been collaborating with pipe specialist Uponor to enhance the sustainability of cross-linked polyethylene (PE-X) pipes.

The resulting PEX Pipe Blue is the world’s first pipe portfolio made from PEX with renewable feedstock accredited by mass balance accounting under the International Sustainability & Carbon Certification Plus (ISCC PLUS) scheme.

Based on Borealis’ Bornewables polyethylene (PE) derived from second-generation natural resources, such as waste from pulp production or residues from food processing oils, the new PEX Pipe Blue products boast an unprecedented carbon footprint reduction of up to 90% when compared to conventional fossil-based PE-X pipes.

This also marks a major step forward to help customers in the building and construction industry achieve their sustainability targets in plumbing, heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) installations.Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession

At the same time, it serves as an outstanding example of Borealis’ and Borouge’s commitment to pipe solutions ‘Enabling life’s essentials’.

Setting a new industry standard with Bornewables

Since introducing PE-X pipes to the world 50 years ago, Uponor has continuously improved their product offering and processes. “The fact that we can now offer our customers 100% renewable based PEX Pipe Blue means that they can greatly reduce the climate footprint of their installations and meet tomorrow’s regulations for a more circular and renewable construction industry, today”, explains Robert Molund, managing director, Uponor AB. “With the use of Bornewables feedstock and the huge CO2 reduction opportunity, we are convinced that PEX Pipe Blue will soon be the new reference standard in this important market.”Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession

Borealis help Uponor create the first cross-linked polyethylene pipes

-European recyclers warn of plastics shortage

Too little sorted plastic waste is available to meet demand from recyclers across Europe, trade body Plastics Recyclers Europe (PRE) has warned.

It said too much plastic went to incineration or landfill and said it would be “critical” to divert more material to recyclers.

President Ton Emans said: “This situation could slow down the transition towards a full plastic circularity.”Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession

He said recent EU policy and global developments had boosted investments in plastic recycling capacities on the continent, and in 2020 the plastic recycling industry invested €1.5bn giving a total of €4.9bn (£4.2bn) since 2017.

This was equivalent to 1.1 million tonnes of additional installed capacity, he said.

But without stable, high-quality input materials “the industry’s efforts to reach the new recycling targets might be hindered”, Emans warned.

“Robust sorting and collection infrastructure is a must to increase stable feedstocks for European recyclers.”

The dearth of plastic had been unexpected as the EU had for several years registered a decline in waste exports driven by China’s ban on waste imports and the strengthening of controls in the Basel Convention.

PRE said that despite these developments and an increase in the price of sorted material, “no substantial additional quantities of waste are being sent to recyclers today”

It said some 9.0 million tonnes of plastic waste was collected for sorting out of a 30.0 million tonnes total and the remaining 21.0 million tonnes was either incinerated or landfilled.Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession

European recyclers warn of plastics shortage

Plastic-recycling- Possibility-recession

Single-use-plastic – Bio-based-polymer 15-06-2022

Chemical-recycling – Bio-based-polymer 15-06-2022

Chemical-recycling – Bio-based-polymer

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime

-Borealis divestment lifted by higher fertilizer prices, polymer values ‘normalising’ – CEO

Higher fertilizer prices after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine helped Borealis to achieve an improved price for the divestment of its fertilizer division to Agrofert, the CEO of the Austrian polyolefins major said on Monday.

Thomas Gangl added that weaker demand is pushing polyolefins – including polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) prices – lower in Europe, a move that had been expected as prices start “normalising”.Chemical-recycling – Bio-based-polymer

The head of Borealis was unable to specify what proportion of the company’s target of nearly 2m tonnes/year of “circular products” produced by 2030 will come from mechanical or chemical recycling, but added that without deploying the latter at scale, the target would be unachievable.


Earlier in June, Borealis said it would divest its fertilizers division – including the production of melamine and nitrogen products, as well as fertilizers – to the Czech food and agricultural conglomerate Agrofert for €810m.

The price represented an increase in the enterprise value (EV) for the division of 78% compared with a previous offer in February from Russia’s EuroChem, which at the time valued the division at €455m.

On 2 February, EuroChem submitted an offer to acquire the division for €455m, but Russia’s invasion of Ukraine on 24 February prompted Borealis to decline the offer on 11 March.

In Q2, already-high fertilizer prices rocketed further as both Russia and Ukraine are key suppliers to the world’s markets, but importers were unable to secure volumes from either country because of the war.Chemical-recycling – Bio-based-polymer

In the interim, Borealis managed to find another bidder with a better offer.

“At the time [February], the situation for fertilizers was a different one, and €455m then seemed a fair price… A big part of the global imports from the two countries were not available in the market, and demands for fertilizers rose, prices went up significantly, up to four times,” said Gangl.

“This is why we see that, for a certain period of time, the profitability [of fertilizers] will be significantly better than it was and, therefore, earnings and cash flow will rise: a new price had to be defined.”


The war in Ukraine also pushed energy prices higher, with inflation in the eurozone – of which Austria is a member – reaching 8.1% in May, its highest level since the 19-country currency union was formed.

Higher inflation – and expectations of interest rate hikes – have made consumers wary of large-ticket purchases, which could slow growth. This has left central bankers scratching their heads about how far interest rates have to rise to rein in inflation, and whether they risk a downturn if they raise them too far, too fast.

Within this environment, demand for key polyolefins such PE and PP was due to slow and prices fall, an outcome confirmed by the Borealis CEO.

“We see demand is not continuing at the same level, it is coming down – by how much, it depends on the different business segments. However, we are now coming from an environment of extremely high demand and high margins [for polyolefins producers],” said Gangl.

“We knew we should not get used to that. Right now, enough supply is meeting demand, so prices are weakening… Moreover, logistics issues should also start normalising – we will see a slightly different picture [for the polyolefins markets] in the second half of this year.” Chemical-recycling – Bio-based-polymer


Last week, Borealis presented ‘Strategy 2030’ which, among other targets, aims to produce 1.8m tonnes/year of circular polymers by that year.

Borealis currently produces 100,000 tonnes/year of circular polymers, including recycled PE (R-PE) or recycled PP (R-PP).

Although mechanical recycling is well-deployed throughout the industry, chemical recycling – which the industry insists will be key to making all polymers fully circular – is in its infancy. For additional support, future EU policies should consider chemical recycling as a key part of its Circular Economy, said Gangl.

Gangl would not commit to what total of the 1.8m tonnes/year will come from mechanically or chemically-recycled product, but stressed that chemical recycling is essential for the plastics industry to become fully circular.

In the 27-country EU, only Spain has passed a regulation – linked to its plastic packaging tax – exempting chemically-recycled content from the €450/tonne tax, effective 1 January 2023.

“Chemical recycling is the needed part [to achieve the EU’s recycling content targets]. Not everything can be mechanically recycled – in recycling, the process cascades down from mechanical recycling first to the residual parts: chemical recycling is the only way to recycle those,” said Gangl.

Borealis divestment lifted by higher fertilizer prices, polymer values ‘normalising’ - CEO

-Improving Sustainability and Circularity in Plastics

Recycling rates are growing, but still far from where they need to go.

At a Glance Chemical-recycling – Bio-based-polymer

  • Improving the circularity of plastics—returning used plastic to the supply chain rather than having it become waste—will be critical to meet sustainability goals.
  • At the current pace, only 10% to 14% of plastics will be recycled by 2030, falling well short of announced targets.
  • Companies that make and use plastics need to establish partnerships and change the way they operate to develop joint solutions that improve circularity.
  • Supportive legislation and industry standards are also needed to help change behaviors and strengthen circular economics.

As attention has focused on the problem of plastic pollution in the environment, governments and the private sector have taken steps to promote recycling and reduce plastic waste. These measures include phasing out certain single-use plastics and setting specific goals on plastics recycling. Targets vary by region. For example, the European Union aims to recycle all plastic packaging by 2030, whereas the US aims to recycle half.

In the private sector, companies that make and use plastics are making new commitments to expand the use of recycled and bio-based plastics, reducing the amount of plastic used, and increasing recycling through better design and new investments in infrastructure. There are also many new recycling initiatives and partnerships, along with innovation in new plastic types such as low-carbon plastics made from biomaterials.

Our clients tell us they understand that more needs to be done to improve the sustainability and circularity of plastic products, that is, the ability to put materials back into the supply chain, rather than depositing them as waste. Plastics producers and users know that if concerns aren’t addressed, they risk facing more stringent regulation and more pressure from customers.

But they’ve also said this is one of their many priorities, along with broader environmental, social, and corporate governance (ESG) commitments, including emissions reductions (see Figure 1). In many cases, improving plastic circularity will also reduce emissions, making it essential for delivering on the industry’s decarbonization goals and ensuring the license to operate among growing concern about plastic waste. Chemical-recycling – Bio-based-polymer

Chemical-recycling - Bio-based-polymer

-LanzaTech transforms captured carbon into plastic

CARBON recycling specialist LanzaTech, with the support of Danone, says it has found a way to produce plastic via specially-engineered carbon-eating bacterium. The process, which uses emissions from steel mills or gasified waste biomass before they are released into the atmosphere, directly converts CO2 into monoethylene glycol, (MEG), a key building block for polyethylene terephthalate, (PET), resin, fibres and bottles.

Widely used in everyday products from clothing, carpets and upholstery, through packaging to kitchenware, engine coolants and antifreeze, MEG is obtained from ethylene, via ethylene oxide, that in turn is hydrated by using either a thermal or catalytic production process. Chemical-recycling – Bio-based-polymer

Ethylene on the other hand can be produced from naphtha, synthesis gas, coal and biomass. Ethylene is the most produced basic petrochemical in the world and such is its demand, that around 177m t of it was used globally in 2021.

Now though, by using synthetic biology and artificial intelligence (AI) tools to discover multiple novel pathways, LanzaTech has found a way for proprietary engineered bacterium to convert carbon emissions directly into MEG through fermentation without the need for an ethanol intermediate.

Jennifer Holmgren, CEO of LanzaTech said: “We have made a breakthrough in the production of sustainable PET that has vast potential to reduce the overall environmental impact of the process. This is a technological breakthrough which could have significant impact, with applications in multiple sectors, including packaging and textiles!”

So far, the direct production of MEG has only been proven at a laboratory scale, but with the success of this proof-of-concept phase, LanzaTech says it plans to continue the scaleup phase of its direct-to-MEG technology.Chemical-recycling – Bio-based-polymer

Chemical-recycling - Bio-based-polymer

-Ecosure is creating a sustainable alternative for single-use plastic

Packaging materials are made of sugarcane bagasse.

Among global environmental corners, the rampant use of single-use plastic is harming the environment worldwide. Packing leftover food in plastic boxes is a common practice in restaurants. To minimize this, Ecosure Pulpmolding is converting sugarcane bagasse into pulp mouldings for food packaging.

CitySpidey came across Ecosure at World Environment Expo 2022 held at Pragati Maidan. Ecosure brings us one of the most innovative and eco-friendly ideas to form sugarcane bagasse into pulp moulding which is 100% safe for food and liquid packaging and also a revolution towards bringiing the end of single-use plastic packaging products.

The company offers sustainable solutions to produce inhouse pulp fibre from nonwood resources by using chemical-free patented technology & to produce moulded fibre pulp products. Chemical-recycling – Bio-based-polymer

Gunjan Saxena, the director of sales, says “We are focused to provide products which are need of the hour and completely sustainable. The global bagasse tableware products market growth is fueled by the expansion of quick-service restaurants(QSR) across the globe. And we believe the consumer trends indicate the growing preference towards sustainable, environment-friendly and biodegradable products.”

The company has successfully installed more than 10 successful projects installed all around India and 25+ are under installation and upcoming projects. This is a 100 per cent make-in-India solution and gives a free demo to all customers before buying the pulp moulding machines. Chemical-recycling – Bio-based-polymer

Chemical-recycling - Bio-based-polymer

-Greatview launches aseptic carton with bio-based polymer coating from INEOS and UPM Biofuels

Greatview, INEOS and UPM Biofuels have collaborated on Greatview Planet aseptic cartons made from FSC-certified paperboard and laminated with polymers that incorporate tall oil-based bio-naphtha using a mass balance approach.

To develop the Greatview Planet packaging material, the company partnered with INEOS and UPM Biofuels. The aseptic packaging material is reportedly laminated with bio-attributed, mass-balanced polymers made by INEOS, which incorporate tall oil-based bio-naphtha from UPM Biofuels. Tall oil is a residue of the pulping process and originates from forests. Chemical-recycling – Bio-based-polymer

Juha Rainio, sales and marketing director at UPM Biofuels, explains: “We are committed to replacing fossil-based feedstocks with renewable alternatives.

“An excellent example of this is our UPM BioVerno naphtha, produced from tall oil – a sustainable residue of wood pulp processing – in our unique Lappeenranta Biorefinery in Finland.”

Rob Ingram, CEO of INEOS Olefins & Polymers Europe, adds: “The new INEOS product that Greatview uses, is made from UPM’s bio-naphtha, converted into a 100% bio-attributed polymer using 100% renewable wind power.

“This new polymer gives Greatview a competitive edge based on a certified sustainable product range. Innovation across our business continues to drive the sustainability of our products and production processes. “

According to the companies, at the Greatview factory in Halle, Germany, the bio-attributed polymer is used for laminating the paper board and producing the aseptic carton pack.

The Halle factory apparently runs on 100% green electricity with resource-efficient production lines that are certified accoring to ISO 14001 (Environmental Management) and ISO 50001 (Energy Management). Chemical-recycling – Bio-based-polymer

Chemical-recycling - Bio-based-polymer

-Novozymes launches biopolishing for manmade cellulosic fibers

Denmark’s Novozymes has partnered with Fiberlife to offer bio-polishing for manmade cellulosic fibers (MMCF). It reduces fuzz and pilling in viscose, modal, and lyocell fabrics.

Enzymes are used in biopolishing to remove loose fiber ends, resulting in a clean, new-looking surface that lasts at least 60 washes. It can also improve print quality in the everyday wash and wear situations. Chemical-recycling – Bio-based-polymer

After polyester and cotton, MMCF is the world’s third most popular textile fiber. Nonetheless, it trails polyester and cotton with a market share of roughly 6%, owing to quality difficulties such as the materials developing fuzz and pills after only a few washes.

According to the firm, this gives the clothing a worn appearance and influences buyers’ perceptions of quality and sustainability.

Circular fashion begins with waste-free production that is free of water contamination, pollutants, and chemicals. Novozymes’ biodegradable enzymes contribute to this by lowering the usage of water and chemicals in manufacturing.

Investing in clothes that will last longer is critical to reducing the environmental effect of the fashion industry. Fiberlife may assist textile businesses in improving quality and sustainability while strengthening the connection with a growing number of eco-conscious consumers.

MMCF fibers are derived mostly from renewable wood and can aid in the transition away from oil-derived synthetic fibers. According to Novozymes, Fiberlife can help the fashion sector decrease its environmental footprint by prolonging the quality and durability of MMFC fabrics.Chemical-recycling – Bio-based-polymer

The microfibrils that protrude from cellulose-based fibers are microscopic hairs from these textiles’ fibers. They cause fluff and pilling, making the fabric surface feel rough and trapping dirt, reducing cleanness. Colors and whites appear less brilliant because of both the trapped dirt and the microfibrils themselves. Before, during, or after dyeing, textile mills polish cellulose-based materials.

Chemical-recycling - Bio-based-polymer

-LyondellBasell revised the June increase in PE prices in the US

LyondellBasell has revised a previously announced price increase of 9 cents per pound (USD198 per tonne) on all grades of polyethylene (PE) sold in North America to a 5 cent-pound increase from June 1, the company said.

The letter added that the company will also seek a 5 cent-pound increase for all grades of PE sold in North America from July 1.Chemical-recycling – Bio-based-polymer

Earlier it was reported that LyondellBasell (LBI), the world’s largest producer of polyolefins, on June 5 stopped the production of LDPE in La Porte (La Porte, Texas, USA) in order to carry out unscheduled work. It is not yet known how long the repair work at this enterprise with a capacity of 110 thousand tons per year will last.

According to ScanPlast of market Report, by the end of 2021, the estimated consumption of POLYETHYLENE in Russia amounted to 2,487.45 thousand tons, which is 13% more than in the same period a year earlier. The supply of all types of ethylene polymers has increased.

LyondellBasell is one of the world’s largest producers of polypropylene, a leading supplier of polyethylene and catalysts, as well as a developer of technologies for the production of polyethylene and polypropylene. The company manufactures products at 58 production sites in 18 countries. Chemical-recycling – Bio-based-polymer

LyondellBasell revised the June increase in PE prices in the US

-Nylon 6 industrial yarn export achieves sound growth

In 2021, the global economy will recover as a whole. As China’s economic recovery and epidemic prevention and control lead the world at the time, in addition, the effect of policies and measures to stabilize economic growth have continued to show, driving export growth beyond expectations.Chemical-recycling – Bio-based-polymer

Nylon 6 industry has the advantages of relatively stable cost and supply. The export growth of nylon 6 chip, textile filament, film, and modified plastics is very strong. Among them, the export of nylon 6 industrial yarn (high tenacity yarn of nylon-6, H.S. code: 54021910) also posts stable growth.

In the years before the epidemic, the monthly export volume of nylon 6 industrial yarn basically fluctuated around 3,500-4,500 tons. In the early stage after the epidemic outbreak in 2020, the export volume was greatly reduced, but it was quickly repaired after only two or three months, and gradually returned to normal levels after a short burst of growth.

Beginning in the second half of 2021, export of nylon 6 industrial yarn started a stable growth model. The monthly export volume maintained an upward trend (export only affected by the Spring Festival in 2022), and continuously hit new highs.

In addition to the favorable macro environment for the export growth, the growth in demand for differentiated products (such as anti-UV) is also the main supporting reason. Chemical-recycling – Bio-based-polymer

Nylon 6 industrial yarn export achieves sound growth

Chemical-recycling – Bio-based-polymer

Recycle-materials – Biodegradable-plastic 14-06-2022

Recycle-materials – Biodegradable-plastic 14-06-2022

Recycle-materials – Biodegradable-plastic

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

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-Talent Talk: CFOs Predict Recession in 2023

Almost 70% of CFOs expect a recession in the first half of 2023, but twice as many say their companies will increase rather than decrease spending over the next year, according to a survey.

Financial author Morgan Housel said, “People are very good at forecasting the future, except for the surprises, which tend to be all that matter.” When it comes to talent acquisition within the plastics industry, Talent Talk has a pretty good track record. Back in April 2020 we advised businesses that there was a brief open window of opportunity for hiring. Recycle-materials – Biodegradable-plastic

The past two years have seen that brief opportunity turn rapidly into the tightest labor market of our lifetimes. Candidates have had multiple opportunities, almost always a counteroffer, and there has been a bidding war for top talent.

For plastics companies that have been crushed by staffing issues, there is good news and bad news. I believe there will be a window to correct those imbalances if they are proactive and ready to take advantage of the opportunity. The bad news? What will trigger that means a different set of issues.

A recent survey of CFOs conducted by business network CNBC showed that 68% believe a recession will occur during the first half of 2023. One hundred percent believe a recession is unavoidable at some point.

But this is not a gloom and doom forecast. Twice as many CFOs say their companies will increase spending over the next year than will cut back, and 82% plan to maintain at least their current spending levels. Those planning to increase headcount outnumber those planning to decrease it by three to one. Recycle-materials – Biodegradable-plastic

Recycle-materials - Biodegradable-plastic

-TaipeiPlas launches pre-show monthly campaigns featuring Smart Manufacturing, Innovation, and Sustainability

The physical edition of TaipeiPlas is scheduled to return from September 27 to October 1 this year at Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center, Hall 1 (TaiNEX 1) in conjunction with ShoeTech Taipei. Recycle-materials – Biodegradable-plastic

A month-long online exhibition will continue till October 27. This year’s TaipeiPlas focuses on three major themes – “Smart Machinery,” “Next-gen Materials” and “Circular Economy – Net Zero Carbon Emissions.” Starting from June, the organiser, Taitra, launches monthly theme-based campaigns to unveil the highlights of the coming TaipeiPlas with social media news, exhibitor & production introductions, e-newsletters and videos. E-newsletter subscription and visitor registration are both now available on the official website.

The pre-show monthly campaigns for the show kick off with the first theme “Smart Manufacturing” in June. The plastics and rubber manufacturing has become greatly different from what it was, says Taitra. In the past, the manufacturing processes of plastics and rubber such as the parameters setting, the material selection, and the processing of complex components relied on the operation and judgment of experienced labor. The smart manufacturing technologies today have turned the production line to be fully automated, more efficient, meanwhile, led the industry to create new business models. Recycle-materials – Biodegradable-plastic

Key industry players from home and abroad all gear up to make a splash at the trade show by presenting their smart machines and smart manufacturing solutions. FCS and FKI for example, the two leading plastic injection moulding machine manufacturers in Taiwan have integrated Manufacturing Execution System (MES) into every section of their machine production and assembly lines. Multiple benefits are achieved, including more accurate production control, improved quality management and production cost reduction. Taiwan plastic and rubber machinery manufacturers are transforming to become smarter, and at the same time, providing a full line of services in building smart production lines overseas.

TaipeiPlas launches pre-show monthly campaigns featuring Smart Manufacturing, Innovation, and Sustainability

-Tokyo firm finds use for Chinese biodegradable plastic in clothes

Japanese craftsmanship improves fiber quality, as company plans Europe sales

HighChem, a Tokyo-based chemical trading company, has applied Japanese traditional craftsmanship to improve a Chinese-made biodegradable plastic fiber so it can be used in fashionable apparel and is marketing the fiber and fabrics to European garment makers.

The sustainable plastic has been deemed an alternative material for use as utensils and shopping bags because of its low heat conductivity and its ability to absorb dye so that prints can be made on it.

“This could not have been realized with ideas of chemical specialists,” said Yuichi Taka, a director of HighChem. In December 2021, the company started marketing a fiber of polylactic acid (PLA), a biodegradable plastic made from corn, under the brand name Highlact.  Recycle-materials – Biodegradable-plastic

HighChem invested in China BBCA Group, a maker of PLA, and concluded a contract for sales in Japan with the company in 2020, using the connections of Ushio Taka, the company’s founder and president, who comes from China and is the father of Yuichi Taka. BBCA is the world’s second-largest PLA maker, with an annual production capacity of 100,000 tons. The Chinese company is expected to be the world’s top PLA maker when it starts operating a large, 300,000-ton plant this summer.

Yuichi Taka said he had gotten the idea of using PLA as an apparel fiber but his father opposed it at first. Major Japanese chemical makers had tried to commercialize PLA fibers but had not had success in dealing with the fibers’ technical weaknesses, such as insufficient heat resistance. President Taka, an engineer, knew their unsuccessful attempts well.

He decided to make a business of PLA fibers despite his father’s opposition in early 2021, saying he “would like to draw on the wisdom of the Japanese fiber and textile industries.”  Recycle-materials – Biodegradable-plastic

HighChem has hired four apparel and fabric specialists so far and has marketed the fibers to traditional textile producers across Japan, including makers of synthetic fibers in Fukui Prefecture and denim fabrics in Okayama Prefecture.

Recycle-materials - Biodegradable-plastic

-Enzyme Discovered in a Cemetery’s Compost Heap Can Break Down PET Plastic in Record Time

PET plastic bottles, food containers, and lightweight wrap for packaging have become a problem if they’re not recycled—but scientists searching through compost piles have discovered an enzyme that degrades the plastic in record time.

The enzyme PHL7, which the German researchers found in a compost heap in Leipzig, could make bio-PET recycling possible much faster than previously thought—and their compelling photos appearing in a scientific journal are an eye-opener.

One way in which enzymes are used in nature is when bacteria decompose plant parts. It has been known for some time that some enzymes, so-called polyester-cleaving hydrolases, can also degrade PET. For example, the enzyme LCC, which was discovered in Japan in 2012, is considered to be a particularly effective “plastic eater”.  Recycle-materials – Biodegradable-plastic

The team led by Leipzig University researcher Dr. Christian Sonnendecker, has been searching for previously undiscovered examples of these biological helpers as part of the EU-funded projects MIPLACE and ENZYCLE. They found what they were looking for in the Südfriedhof cemetery hidden inside their compost sample.

Out of seven different enzymes, PHL7 achieved results in the lab that were significantly above average—twice as active as the previous leader in PET decomposition, LCC.

They added PET, which is the most widely produced plastic, to containers full of an aqueous solution containing either PHL7 or LCC, then measured the amount of plastic that was degraded in a given period of time and compared the values with each other.

The results, published in ChemSusChem, showed that within 16 hours, PHL7 caused the PET to decompose by a whopping 90 percent; in that same time, LCC managed a degradation of just 45 percent.

“So our enzyme is twice as active as the gold standard among polyester-cleaving hydrolases,” Sonnendecker said.  Recycle-materials – Biodegradable-plastic

Enzyme Discovered in a Cemetery’s Compost Heap Can Break Down PET Plastic in Record Time

-How Nigeria’s failure to harvest benefits of over $100 oil price rise hurts the economy

NIGERIA risks losing outright gains from rising oil price of above $100 dollars per barrel since it has failed to embrace reforms that could make it reap such gains.

Nigeria’s highly priced brent crude presently sells for $123.06 per barrel, a price which could have impacted on Nigeria’s economy postively and reduced borrowing.

A large chunk of Nigeria’s income and its Federating budgets are dependent on proceeds from oil resources. Furthermore, sharing of allocations by the Federation Account Allocation Committee (FAAC) to the Federal, states and local governments is derived from proceeds from Nigeria’s oil earnings, which have risen from the effects of the Russia-Ukraine war, but are having no positive impact on the country’s fortune because of oil imports.  Recycle-materials – Biodegradable-plastic

Poor economic choices by the government and delay in the implementation of the Petroleum Industry Act (PIA) have threatened Nigeria’s federation allocation and foreign exchange inflows.

As a result of poor inflow of oil remittances, the federal government had borrowed over N10 trillion from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), a step which intensified inflationary pressures on the overall economy.

To compound the concerns, Nigeria is currently not meeting the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) allocated oil quota of 1.7 million barrels per day, as oil theft and pipeline vandalism have made it produce a lesser number of barrels.

OPEC’s data showed that Nigeria’s oil production has slumped to an average of 1.35m barrels per day. Recycle-materials – Biodegradable-plastic

Although it hit roughly 1.4m bpd in May, according to secondary sources, Nigeria still has a deficit of 350,000 barrels per day to contend with.

Recycle-materials - Biodegradable-plastic

-Deconstructive chemical pretreatment accelerates microbial decomposition of plastics

Chemical pre-treatments that deconstruct certain types of plastics can help naturally occurring microbial communities break down plastic waste more quickly, according to researchers at Michigan Technological University. The research will be presented at Microbe, the annual meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, on June 12, 2022 in Washington D.C. Recycle-materials – Biodegradable-plastic

The compounds derived from the chemical deconstruction of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) or polycarbonate plastics or the pyrolysis of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) plastic can successfully sustain the growth. The genomes of microbial communities derived from multiple soils show that these organisms are capable of degrading complex carbon compounds, such as those found in gasoline, oil and plastics. Breaking up the plastic with chemical pre-treatment makes the carbon, oxygen and hydrogen from the plastic’s molecular structure more accessible for bacteria to use as food.

“Bacteria grow quickly on this diet of deconstructed plastics and make more bacteria cells, effectively breaking down the plastic. We can use these plastic-fed bacterial communities to create lubricant and even protein powder, truly turning trash into treasure while taking a bite out of the plastic waste problem,” said Dr. Stephen Techtmann, associate professor of biological sciences at Michigan Tech.

Of the 6.3 billion tons of plastic made every year, 79 percent accumulates in landfills, according to the United Nations’ Environmental Programme. By 2050, plastic waste will have grown 3-fold, taking tens or thousands of years to degrade. The researchers demonstrated that combined chemical and biological degradation methods may be used to effectively degrade multiple types of plastic over a relatively short period and may be a future avenue to handle rapidly accumulating plastic waste.

“These finding supported our hypothesis that the natural environment is an untapped reservoir of microorganisms capable of degrading the building blocks of plastic, and that mixed microbial communities can simultaneously degrade mixed plastic waste inputs,” said Lindsay Putman, postdoctoral fellow in the department of biological sciences at Michigan Tech, who designed and led the study.

Funding for this work was provided by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency ReSource program cooperative agreement HR00112020033. The views, opinions and/or findings expressed are those of the author and should not be interpreted as representing the official views or policies of the Department of Defense or the U.S. Government.  Recycle-materials – Biodegradable-plastic

Recycle-materials - Biodegradable-plastic

-Supply chain slowdown could boost demand for recycle materials

The same supply chain disruptions that slow Michigan manufacturing could help the recycling industry bring in new business.

The opportunity started with pandemic shutdowns, which disrupted manufacturing and the movement of goods, said Dave Smith, a recycling coordinator at the Michigan State University Recycling Center. Recycle-materials – Biodegradable-plastic

That resulted in material shortages for businesses across the state, said Patrick Gagliardi, the chair of the state Liquor Control Commission.

Since 2020, the adult beverage industry has struggled to manufacture and ship glass, aluminum, cardboard and bottle caps, Gagliardi said. And recent spikes in the price of petroleum in response to the war in Ukraine have not helped.

“That was just hard on businesses, especially those who get their goods through some sort of transportation,” he said.

Shortages of raw materials cause price spikes, Smith said. And rising prices for petroleum are making plastic much more expensive.

The cost to make “virgin” or new plastic products is much higher than normal, he said.

The cost of polypropylene, a flexible plastic resin used to make items like reusable water bottles, plastic food containers and car parts, has risen roughly 36% since 2020, according to Statistica, an online data analytics platform.

Its report, which compiles price points from 2017 to 2022, shows that the price jumped to $1,285 per ton in 2021 and was $1,208 per ton as of March of this year.

For plastic producers, the higher cost makes it harder to keep up with demand, Smith said. As oil prices increase, plastic prices do as well.

But recycling centers like that at MSU could benefit when cost-cutting companies look for alternatives. Recycle-materials – Biodegradable-plastic

Selling recycled plastic is one way.

Recycle-materials - Biodegradable-plastic

-A new foundation for PCR PP

Wearwell’s Foundation modular platform systems line uses 100 percent postconsumer recycled polypropylene.

Sustainability was not top of mind for companies in the 1950s, but recycling was the main reason Wearwell, originally known as Tennessee Mat, began producing industrial mats in 1950. Recycle-materials – Biodegradable-plastic

The Smyrna, Tennessee-based company launched when its founders, Max Greenberg and Charley Gross, saw an opportunity to convert scrap tires into industrial mats.

“They would take old tires, cut them down and put them together with wires and make mats you used to see at businesses,” says Phil Huss, product and engineering manager at Wearwell. “We were taking this material that nobody else wanted and making a product out of it. At the time, it wasn’t about sustainability. It was more that there was this waste and we wanted to turn it into something valuable.”

For the last 30 years, Wearwell has focused on developing safety products and ergonomic floor-related products for industrial workers. Huss says sustainability is a bigger consideration with product design today as the company has sought opportunities to include plastic scrap in its products this past decade.

“Our majority owner [Elliot Greenberg] is environmentally minded, and so am I,” he says. “We try to push for that kind of thought to be put into products when we’re developing them so that we do the best we can. We’ve come to the conclusion that in order to fix the plastic [waste] problem, we have to make sure there’s demand for recycled plastic.

If there’s not, it doesn’t matter how much people put in their recycling bins if it’s not turned into anything. We have to create that demand so that there’s a value for it so people will do something with it.”  Recycle-materials – Biodegradable-plastic

A new foundation for PCR PP

Recycle-materials – Biodegradable-plastic

Plastics-to-hydrogen – Petrochemicals 13-06-2022

Plastics-to-hydrogen – Petrochemicals 13-06-2022

Plastics-to-hydrogen – Petrochemicals

Nylon66-chips – PET-Bottle – Petrochemicals 

Plastics-to-hydrogen - Petrochemicals

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime

-Perstorp to replace fossil versions of base polyols with renewable, recyclable sources

Sustainable solutions provider and global leader within polyols Perstorp is taking a stand by converting a large majority of the polyols produced at their largest production plant in Perstorp, Sweden, to Pro-Environment products, said Indianchemicalnews. Plastics-to-hydrogen – Petrochemicals

By doing this, Perstorp will enable reduced greenhouse gas emissions for its polyol customers and downstream value chains.

The company is continuing its sustainability journey towards becoming finite material neutral and aligning with the Paris Agreement, by converting all base polyols produced at their Perstorp plant – Pentaerythritol (Penta), Neopentyl glycol (Neo) and Trimethylolpropane (TMP) – to Pro-Environment. From 2023, all fossil versions of the base polyols produced at the Perstorp plant will be replaced by Pro-Environment grades (Voxtar, Evyrone & Neeture) with partly renewable or recycled origin, based on a traceable mass-balance concept.

The Pro-Environment products are certified with ISCC PLUS, and are identical to the fossil-based versions, meaning that they are drop-in replacements. The products benefit customers and the value chain by reducing greenhouse gas emissions and by supporting the transition to renewable or recycled materials, in other words supporting the challenge of reaching climate neutrality.

“Phasing out the fossil base polyols produced at the site in Perstorp is a bold move, but we are convinced that this is the only way forward for us, as an industry, to align with the Paris Agreement and significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions.” says Jan Secher, CEO of Perstorp Group. “As an upstream company in the chemical industry we can, and should, make a positive impact across multiple value-chains by offering products with a reduced carbon footprint.” Plastics-to-hydrogen – Petrochemicals

Perstorp introduced the first Pro-Environment polyol already 2010, and in 2017, Perstorp announced the long-term ambition to become Finite Material Neutral. Since late 2021, the company has set Science-based emission reduction targets aligned with the Paris agreement. The transition to Pro-Environment polyols will significantly reduce Perstorp’s usage of finite materials, and will also provide the market with products with a lower carbon footprint, hence contributing towards Perstorp, and its customers, reaching their Scope 3 reduction targets.

As per MRC, Petronas and key energy players at the ASEAN Energy Sector Methane Roundtable 2022 are intensifying collaboration on methane emissions management in the region by leveraging collective capabilities, global best practices and actionable insights to progress the shared ambition towards a lower-carbon future. The virtual Roundtable, the second in the series held on 19 May 2022, was hosted by PETRONAS and supported by Thailand’s PTT Public Company Limited (PTT) and Indonesia’s PERTAMINA. Plastics-to-hydrogen – Petrochemicals

Plastics-to-hydrogen - Petrochemicals

-UPM Raflatac launches the world’s first certified label material to fight ocean bound plastic pollution

UPM Raflatac is the first company in the world to invest in Ocean Bound Plastics (OBP) waste as label raw material in their new Ocean Action labels. The Ocean Action labels are made from ocean bound plastic using mass balance approach. Ocean bound plastic is abandoned plastic waste recovered from areas up to 50km inland from waterways, defined as “at risk of ending up in the ocean” by OBPCert. The new innovative label material is made possible by close collaboration with multiple partners in the product’s value chain. Plastics-to-hydrogen – Petrochemicals

The world desperately needs more sustainable and commercially viable ways to recycle post-consumer plastic. The United Nations has recognized the need to recycle more post-consumer plastic and launched a new plastic pollution treaty in 2021. OBPCert has estimated that ocean bound plastic generates 80% of plastic marine litter. Today, only around 10% of plastic waste globally gets recycled, while the rest ends up at landfills, in incineration, and leakage to nature or oceans. One solution to this problem lies in creating markets for products made from ocean bound plastic.

”The new innovative Ocean Action label material is the latest step in our beyond fossils journey. It does not only help prevent the plastic waste from ending up in the oceans but also offers brand owners the possibility to meet their recycled content targets for packaging. The Ocean Action label material is an easy-to-use drop-in solution created especially for food and cosmetics end-uses as it has exactly the same performance as the current fossil-based labels,” says Eliisa Laurikainen, Business Development Manager from UPM Raflatac. Plastics-to-hydrogen – Petrochemicals

Plastics-to-hydrogen - Petrochemicals

-Green light for Peel NRE plastics-to-hydrogen plant

Peel NRE has gained planning permission for a £20m plastics-to-hydrogen facility at Rothesay Dock on the river Clyde.

West Dunbartonshire Council has given the go-ahead for the site on the north bank of the river (pictured), where construction is expected to take 15 months.

The 13,500-tonne facility will use Powerhouse Energy’s technology to create hydrogen from plastic residual waste for use as a clean vehicle fuel and in a hydrogen refuelling station Plastics-to-hydrogen – Petrochemicals

Richard Barker, development director at Peel NRE, said: “While the focus must remain on removing plastic from society, there are still end-of-life plastics that need managing.

“The £20m plant will play a pivotal role in making the best use of non-recyclable material, with the resulting hydrogen able to help cut carbon emissions from vehicles.”

This is Peel NRE’s second such planned facility, the first being the Protos site near Ellesmere Port, Cheshire.

Zero Waste Scotland had estimated that around 500,000 tonnes of waste plastic was produced in Scotland every year, and Peel said its research suggested around 300,000 tonnes of this arose in the central belt of Scotland near to the new plant.

Plastics-to-hydrogen - Petrochemicals

-WOW conference to address key nonwoven industry issues

Industry participants at this month’s World of Wipes International Conference will gain valuable insights from 23 recognized experts addressing key issues exclusively focused on the wipes industry. Plastics-to-hydrogen – Petrochemicals

The industry leaders will tackle topics on wipes sustainability, supply chain, consumer trends, packaging, disinfection technologies, and flushability at the WOW conference, June 27-30, at the Marriott Marquis.

INDA is expecting more than 475 participants at WOW, making attendance at the event highly valuable for both its relevant content on key issues and great potential for making business connections.

Headlining the action, the WOW conference will feature 23 industry speakers from such leading organizations as Euromonitor International, University of San Diego Hahn School of Nursing, the Responsible Flushing Alliance, Water Services Association of Australia and Ecolab.

Expert presenters include Procter & Gamble’s Sergio Barbarino on recycling wipes; Amcor’s David Clark on packaging sustainability; Rockline Industries’ Carlos Giraldo and Berry Global’s Jake Smith on supply chain and Kline & Company’s Laura Mahecha on consumer cleaning wipes trends. Plastics-to-hydrogen – Petrochemicals

WOW conference to address key nonwoven industry issues

-Oil falls as U.S. inflation data surges, China imposes lockdowns

  • S. annual inflation posts largest gain in nearly 41 years
  • China COVID jitters rise as parts of Shanghai resume lockdown
  • Potential Norway oil and gas strike could hit output
  • S. drillers add oil and gas rigs for first time in three weeks

U.S. consumer prices accelerated in May as gasoline prices hit a record high and the cost of food soared, leading to the largest annual increase in nearly 40-1/2 years, suggesting that the Federal Reserve could continue with its 50 basis points interest rate hikes through September to combat inflation.

The faster-than-expected increase in inflation last month reported by the Labor Department on Friday also reflected a surge in rents, which increased by the most since 1990. The broadening and relentless price pressures are forcing Americans to change their spending habits, and heightened fears of either an outright recession or period of very slow growth. Plastics-to-hydrogen – Petrochemicals

Oil falls as U.S. inflation data surges, China imposes lockdowns

-Polyester yarn profit drops to year’s low

Recently, buoyed by strong crude oil and surge of PX, lead PSF contracts of PSF futures PF2209 reached the highest since PSF futures were listed, and accordingly, spot PSF price spiked to over 9,000yuan/mt, the highest since Feb 2019. However, polyester yarn price did not climb up so much and was still lower than the high in Mar. In this round of rise, the cash flow of polyester yarn dropped to lower than minus 300yuan/mt, the year’s low. Plastics-to-hydrogen – Petrochemicals

The big-ticket crude oil since Russia-Ukraine war has bludgeoned polyester industrial chain greatly, and additionally the tightness of US blended oil supply has escalated the influences on it since May. Especially downstream links, including spinning and the links behind, are mainly small enterprises whose scale, capital and risk resistance are far behind upstream large plants. Therefore, after over three months’ weakness, yarn spinners are weighed increasingly, which could be reflected from this round of price rise. ,

Firstly, pressure of high inventory. Cotton products were cold-shouldered this year, so a lot of polyester/cotton yarn production was transferred to pure polyester yarn, pushing up the operating rate of polyester yarn. But amid low run rate of downstream weaving sector, polyester yarn supply is successive and now the product inventory has reached years’ high. During Dragon Boat Festival (Jun 3-5), polyester yarn was slightly destocked before the price was adjusted up under the stimulation of raw materials’ surge, but the trades returned to slack when polyester yarn price moved up. Plastics-to-hydrogen – Petrochemicals

Thus, the inventory of polyester yarn will further accumulate in the future.

Plastics-to-hydrogen - Petrochemicals

-ISKO™ Purchased New State-Of-The-Art Itema
 Weaving Machines

ISKO, a reference point for the industry in the production of premium sustainable denim, found in Itema the best fit for its strategy in weaving technology.
By choosing Itema’s latest rapier machine, a groundbreaking innovation enhanced by the iSAVER® technology, ISKO is well underway in terms of an even more sustainable denim future. The rapier machine ensures the highest efficiency by reducing waste production and energy use, while optimizing the fabrics’ hand-feel, aesthetic, and performance. Plastics-to-hydrogen – Petrochemicals

This decision is an additional, important asset in ISKO’s journey towards a genuine Responsible InnovationTM. It is part of other crucial investments made by the company, aimed at further reducing its environmental impact, among which stand out R-TWO™50+ – a new denim generation made with a minimum of 50% pre- and post-consumer recycled blend – and the Green Machine – a pioneering technology providing a 100% post-consumer recycling solution that fully separates and recycles cotton and polyester blends at scale.

After an intensive process, a selection was made where ISKO focuses on the development of technical solutions that enable greater resource savings and more sustainable production methods, always with the protection of workers at heart.

As a result, ISKO’s Headquarters extend the company’s long-term relationship with Itema, strengthening the company’s position as the mill with the world’s largest denim capacity. The new rapier machines are enhanced by the iSAVER® technology, a breakthrough mechatronic innovation that eliminates the waste selvedge on the left side of the fabric, allowing for saving in energy and raw materials, cutting in half the cotton waste that typically results from the weft yarn.

All types of ISKO’s innovative fabrics, with a multitude of different constructions and fiber mixtures, can now be produced using these advanced weaving technologies, with a special focus given to the R-TWO™ technology in terms of its sustainable credentials. Plastics-to-hydrogen – Petrochemicals

Plastics-to-hydrogen - Petrochemicals

Plastics-to-hydrogen – Petrochemicals

Battery-recycling – Harmful-chemicals-plastics 11-06-2022

Nylon66-chips – PET-Bottle – Petrochemicals 13/06/2022

Nylon66-chips – PET-Bottle – Petrochemicals

Nylon66-chips - PET-Bottle - Petrochemicals

ITEM 06/06/2022 13/06/2022 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 9,400 yuan/ton 9,500 yuan/ton +100
Bottle grade PET chips export market 1,245 $/ton 1,305 $/ton +60
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 8,125 yuan/ton 8,450 yuan/ton +325
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 8,100 yuan/ton 8,400 yuan/ton +300
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market

Nylon66-chips – PET-Bottle – Petrochemicals

7,180 yuan/ton 7,500 yuan/ton +320
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 1,115 $/ton 1,110 $/ton -5
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 5,025 yuan/ton 5,035 yuan/ton +10
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 642 $/ton 638 $/ton -4
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market 1,353 $/ton 1,413 $/ton +60
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 1,333 $/ton 1,393 $/ton +600
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,611 $/ton 1,783 $/ton +172
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 8,770 yuan/ton 9,200 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,900 yuan/ton 8,350 yuan/ton +450
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 10,100 yuan/ton 10,500 yuan/ton +400
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F 9,750 yuan/ton 10,150 yuan/ton +400
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 9,250 yuan/ton 9,700 yuan/ton +450
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 8,850 yuan/ton 9,050 yuan/ton +200
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 15,450 yuan/ton 15,350 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 2,180 $/ton 2,180 $/ton
Nylon6 chips overseas  market 2,400 $/ton 2,400 $/ton
Nylon6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 16,050 yuan/ton 16,000 yuan/ton -50
Nylon6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market 16,500 yuan/ton 16,700 yuan/ton +200
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market

Nylon66-chips – PET-Bottle – Petrochemicals

26,000 yuan/ton 24,800 yuan/ton -1,200
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 18,650 yuan/ton 18,850 yuan/ton +200
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 21,000 yuan/ton 21,150 yuan/ton- +150
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  19,000 yuan/ton 19,200 yuan/ton +200
Spandex 20D  domestic  market 58,500 yuan/ton 55,500 yuan/ton -3,000
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 50,000 yuan/ton 49,000 yuan/ton -1,000
Spandex 40D  domestic  market 44,000 yuan/ton 42,000 yuan/ton -2,000
Adipic Acid domestic market 12,200 yuan/ton 12,300 yuan/ton +100
Benzene domestic market 9,900 yuan/ton 9,980 yuan/ton +80
Benzene overseas  market 1,411 $/ton 1,452 $/ton +41
Ethylene South East market 1,150 $/ton 1,150 $/ton
Ethylene NWE  market 1,427 $/ton 1,368 $/ton -59
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market 11,100 yuan/ton 10,900 yuan/ton -200
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market

Nylon66-chips – PET-Bottle – Petrochemicals

1,800 $/ton 1,800 $/tn
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 18,500 yuan/ton 18,500 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 15,250 yuan/ton 15,520 yuan/ton +270
PP Powder domestic market
9,280 yuan/ton 8,900 yuan/ton -380
Naphtha overseas market  855 $/ton867 811 $/ton
Phenol domestic market 10,120 yuan/ton 11,120 yuan/ton

Nylon66-chips – PET-Bottle – Petrochemicals

Battery-recycling – Harmful-chemicals-plastics 11-06-2022

Battery-recycling – Harmful-chemicals-plastics

-Heraeus invests for a majority share in leading PET recycler Perpetual Technologies – company to be re-named Revalyu Resources for global expansion

Heraeus Holding GmbH, a global Fortune 500 company, announced it has invested substantial equity to take a majority stake in Perpetual Technologies, a leading PET recycling company. To drive global expansion under one brand, Heraeus decided to rename the company Revalyu Resources GmbH.

Revalyu has developed a depolymerisation technology to recycle post consumer PET bottles into esters (monomers), which is the base chemical building block for anything polyester based. Revalyu’s Polymer can be used to manufacture high quality PET products. Today, the company produces filament yarns for the textile industry in its manufacturing facility in Nashik, India. It currently employs around 300 people.

Jan Rinnert, Chairman of the Board of Managing Directors and CEO of Heraeus Holding GmbH says the global strength of Heraeus will provide the investment, infrastructure and strategic support needed to accelerate Revalyu’s growth. “We aim to develop the business into one of the world’s largest and technologically advanced PET recycling companies”, Rinnert added.  Battery-recycling – Harmful-chemicals-plastics

“We are a pioneer in recycling PET bottles. After several years of hard work by the team and support from our shareholders and customers, we have built the world’s most innovative, technology leading and environmentally sustainable PET recycling plant in the world based in Nashik, India” said Dr Vivek Tandon, Founder of perPETual Technologies to be renamed Revalyu Resources.

Heraeus invests for a majority share in leading PET recycler Perpetual Technologies – company to be re-named Revalyu Resources for global expansion

-Chevron and KMG to explore lower carbon opportunities

Chevron Corporation and KazMunayGas (KMG) have announced a MoU to explore potential lower carbon business opportunities in Kazakhstan.

Through its subsidiary Chevron Munaigas, Chevron and KMG plan to evaluate the potential for lower carbon projects in areas such as carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS); hydrogen; energy efficiency and methane management; and carbon financial disclosure methodology. Battery-recycling – Harmful-chemicals-plastics

The MoU was signed by Derek Magness, managing director for Chevron’s Eurasian Business Unit, and Magzum Mirzagaliyev, chairman of the Management Board of KMG.

“Low carbon is a new area for us, and we believe that Chevron’s wide experience in implementing lower carbon technologies and practices in the oil and gas industry will contribute to our capabilities and lead to joint lower carbon projects. We highly appreciate the partnership that has developed over the years of Chevron’s presence in our country,” Mirzagaliyev said.

“Chevron has been investing in Kazakhstan for close to three decades. We are proud of our history of partnership and are committed to investing in the country’s energy future. This MoU with KazMunayGas marks a new chapter in our company’s efforts to support the development of Kazakhstan’s energy sector,” Magness said. “We firmly believe that we can play an important role in the country’s energy transition and achievement of its carbon-reduction targets.

Through our collaboration with KMG, we hope to contribute to providing affordable, reliable, ever-cleaner energy, and help the industries and customers who use our products to advance their lower carbon goals.” Battery-recycling – Harmful-chemicals-plastics

Battery-recycling - Harmful-chemicals-plastics

-Thermally Conductive Nylon 6 for Electric Sports Car Component

Cooling element for the charge controller of an electric sports car. made from Lanxess’ Durethan BTC965FM30 nylon 6

Thermally conductive plastics are showing significant potential for use in thermal management of charging systems for electric vehicles. One recent example is the charge controller in the fully electric vehicle of a sports car manufacturer based in southern Germany.

This controller contains a cooling element made of the thermally conductive and electrically insulating nylon 6 Durethan BTC965FM30 from Lanxess which dissipates the heat generated in the plug contacts of the controller when charging the batteries. Aside from preventing the charge controller from overheating, this structural material meets the strict requirements for flame-retardant properties, tracking resistance and design, according to technical key account manager Bernhard Helbich

The manufacturer of the entire charging system for the sports car is Leopold Kostal GmbH & Co. KG of Luedenscheid, a global system supplier of automotive, industrial and solar electrics as well as electrical contact systems.

Charge controllers convert the three-phase or alternating current fed in from the charging station to direct current and control the charging process. During the process, they limit the charging voltage and current to prevent overcharging of the battery, for example. Battery-recycling – Harmful-chemicals-plastics

A current with an amperage of up to 48 amps flows through the plug contacts in the charge controller of the sports car, causing significant generation of heat during charging.

“Our nylon is filled with special mineral heat-conducting particles that conduct this heat efficiently away from the source,” says Helbich.

These particles give the compound a high thermal conductivity of 2.5 W/m∙K in the direction of melt flow (in plane) and 1.3 W/m∙K perpendicular to it (through plane).

Battery-recycling - Harmful-chemicals-plastics

-New Recycling Coalition to Improve Recovery of Plastic Packaging and Enhance the Circularity of PET Packaging

The Recycling Partnership is pleased to announce the launch of its PET Recycling Coalition, an initiative informed by industry knowledge and expertise to improve PET (plastic #1) circularity. Its work will focus on addressing four key opportunities to increase recycling of this valuable material:

  • Increasing the capture of PET bottles
  • Broadening the acceptance of PET trays, cups, and clamshells in community recycling collection programs
  • Unlocking new supplies of recycled PET (rPET) for packaging manufacturers
  • Strengthening recycling systems for pigmented and opaque PET

PET plastic is in high demand for use in textiles such as clothing and carpet (where it is known as polyester) and it’s the most common type of plastic utilized in liquid bottles and food packaging today. While eliminating unnecessary usage is an important component of circularity, increased PET recycling is another critical step in advancing circularity. Battery-recycling – Harmful-chemicals-plastics

This along with company commitments and recycled content mandates in proposed U.S. legislation is leading to skyrocketing demand for recycled PET but supply is currently limited. Most Americans with recycling access are able to recycle PET bottles; however, just 54% can recycle other types of PET packaging like plastic egg cartons and fruit containers. Furthermore, the recycling rate for PET bottles was only 26.6% in 20201. While most PET never makes it into the recycling bin due to insufficient access and participation, as much as 17% of bottles that are recovered are lost at Materials Recovery Facilities (MRFs) due to sortation challenges. By supporting solutions identified by the PET Recycling Coalition, there is a great opportunity to increase recovery and reduce plastic waste and help make progress toward packaging circularity goals.

The PET Recycling Coalition will make grants to recycling facilities for sorting equipment and related capital needs. These upgrades will improve PET bottle capture, deliver more rPET for use back into bottles and thermoforms, increase the acceptance of non-bottle rigid items in community recycling programs, and strengthen recycling opportunities for pigmented and opaque PET. Through grants, technical assistance, and knowledge sharing, the Coalition envisions a thriving PET recycling system that captures significantly more material, enabling more circular PET packaging with increased amounts of recycled content.

Battery-recycling - Harmful-chemicals-plastics

-Circular Plastic Taskforce and Digimarc to pilot flexible packaging sortation project

The Circular Plastic Taskforce (CPT) has partnered with Digimarc Corporation to test Digimarc Recycle for optimizing the sortation of flexible plastic packaging in Canada, what the CPT says is a first in North America. This project marks the start of Phase II of the CPT, which aims to carry out or support projects to improve the recycling of all plastic packaging within the evolving Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) landscape in Quebec and Canada. Battery-recycling – Harmful-chemicals-plastics

With Digimarc Recycle, digital watermarks are applied within the package artwork, no special inks or print process required, and are visible to specialized sorting equipment but imperceptible to consumers. When scanned by machine cameras, the watermarks connect to a cloud-based database containing characteristics of the package, such as the manufacturer and specific product, prior use (food versus non-food), additives or the presence of components that are problematic for recycling. As such, it can help facilitate flexible packaging sortation.

“We are thrilled to launch such a forward-looking project and get our Phase II underway,” says the Circular Plastics Taskforce Steering Committee. “The results from our Phase I study show that even if flexible plastic packaging represents a significant portion of plastic packaging used in Quebec and Canada, their recovery rates remain low. One of the reasons is that today’s sortation equipment cannot distinguish between mono-material recyclable packaging and multi-material structures, therefore lowering bale quality. We believe Digimarc Recycle can help solve this challenge.”

“We are excited to bring Digimarc Recycle to North America and to help the Circular Plastic Taskforce achieve their circularity-driven objectives,” adds Emily Stolarcyk, sustainability program director for business development at Digimarc Corporation. “Digimarc’s digital watermarks, a key component of Digimarc Recycle, have proven to be a truly innovative way to correctly identify each unique package. Connecting watermarks to an extensible database of product and packaging attributes ensures we can help enable a more circular economy now and in the future. This will benefit facilities and brands in meeting their recycling goals, in both the increase of volume and the purity of recycled material.” Battery-recycling – Harmful-chemicals-plastics

Battery-recycling - Harmful-chemicals-plastics

-Volkswagen to lead battery recycling research group

The group will develop processes to reuse battery components in a closed loop.

The HVBatCycle research consortium, led by Volkswagen, has been established with the goal of keeping cathode metals, electrolyte and graphite permanently in a closed material cycle (closed loop). The Volkswagen Group, Taniobis GmbH, J. Schmalz GmbH and Viscom AG are working together with researchers from RWTH Aachen University, TU Braunschweig and the Fraunhofer Institute for surface engineering and thin films (IST) for three years to research and develop the necessary processes. The project is funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action. Battery-recycling – Harmful-chemicals-plastics

Michael Kellner, a parliamentary state secretary in Germany, says, “European battery production can only be successful if it focuses on sustainability in as many areas as possible. Sustainable batteries are crucial for an energy and transport transition that is guided by high environmental and social standards.”

Sebastian Wolf, chief operating officer battery cell at Volkswagen AG, says, “The recycling of batteries and production rejects makes a decisive contribution to securing the supply of raw materials for our planned factories. Though the HVBatCycle project, a holistic view of the recycling processes and thereby the implementation of the closed loop of battery materials is being prepared.”

In order to have to use fewer materials from primary sources such as mines or salt flats, Volkswagen says essential raw materials can be recovered not just once, but several times. Battery cells made from recycled material are recycled again, proving that multiple recycling runs have no influence on the material quality. Closing the loop requires complex interdisciplinary processes, the company says. For efficient and ecologically and economically sensible recycling, all processes must be coordinated with requirements. Battery-recycling – Harmful-chemicals-plastics

The consortium project focuses on the mechanical-hydrometallurgical recycling route, which Volkswagen says is characterized by low energy requirements and the possibility of a comparatively simple decentralized distribution of certain recycling processes in Europe. This favors a local circular economy and secures strategically important raw materials, which significantly reduces Europe’s dependence on other regions of the world. The HVBatCycle project aims to identify efficient processes and innovative solutions that ensure the establishment of an end-to-end value chain with high economic efficiency while also maximizing recycling and energy efficiency and minimizing environmental impact.

Battery-recycling - Harmful-chemicals-plastics

-Plastic pollution: harmful chemicals in our plastics

Global cumulative plastic production is predicted to reach 34,000 million tonnes between 1950 and 2050.

The harmful chemicals released from plastic products throughout their entire life cycle can pose a serious risk to humans and the environment, particularly when waste is not properly managed, finding its way to air, water and soils.

While the preparations for the legally binding agreement on plastic pollution are ongoing, the plastic waste and chemicals in plastics are being discussed at the 2021/2022 meetings of the conferences of the Parties to the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm conventions, including the Plastic Forum from 8 and 10 June 2022 in Geneva, Switzerland. Battery-recycling – Harmful-chemicals-plastics

-Biden administration, EPA announces $375M in funding for recycling and waste prevention initiatives

The funding will develop several new initiatives, including a solid waste Infrastructure for recycling grant programs and recycling education and outreach grant programs.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced $375 million in funding through President Joe Biden’s Bipartisan Infrastructure Law for recycling, reuse and waste prevention programs. Battery-recycling – Harmful-chemicals-plastics

The EPA published three requests for information (ROI) seeking input on the design of these new materials management initiatives, the first step in the process to implement the largest EPA investment in recycling in 30 years.

“Too many communities are burdened by pollution and the negative environmental and health impacts that result from poorly managed waste,” EPA Administrator Michael S. Regan says. “This unprecedented investment from President Biden’s Bipartisan Infrastructure Law will transform recycling and solid waste management across the nation, create good-paying jobs and advance our bold environmental agenda as we work to build a better America.”

The $375 million in funding will develop several new initiatives, including a solid waste infrastructure for recycling grant program, a recycling education and outreach grant program and a model recycling program toolkit. It also will provide funding to compile best practices for battery collection, recycling and labeling guidelines.

Through education and outreach grants, the EPA can fund projects like public service announcements, advertising campaigns and the development and dissemination of recycling program toolkits. These activities enable the agency to improve consumer education and outreach on how to correctly recycle, reduce contamination in the recycling stream, produce higher quality recycled materials and advance a circular economy. A circular economy reduces material use, redesigns materials to be less resource-intensive and recaptures “waste” as a resource to manufacture new materials and products. Battery-recycling – Harmful-chemicals-plastics

Biden administration, EPA announces $375M in funding for recycling and waste prevention initiatives

Battery-recycling – Harmful-chemicals-plastics

Plastics-recycling – Circular-economy 10-06-2022

Plastics-recycling – Circular-economy 10-06-2022

Plastics-recycling – Circular-economy

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime

-Remondis and Werner & Mertz cooperate on plastics recycling

Werner & Mertz and Remondis have joined forces under the umbrella of the “Recyclat-Initiative” to demonstrate how plastic cycles can be fully closed using practical application examples. The common goal is to establish sustainable material cycles and to use the recyclable material from the source “yellow bag” in Germany for this purpose.

During a joint press conference at Ifat, Reinhard Schneider, Managing Partner of Werner & Mertz, Herwart Wilms, Managing Director of Remondis, and Dr Nabila Rabanizada, Technical Manager for plastics recycling at Remondis, explained the path taken by the raw material from the yellow bag via the further developed mechanical processing back into the production cycle and into new sustainable packaging.

The panel participants also reiterated their demand for improved political framework conditions in the EU. Plastics-recycling – Circular-economy

Reinhard Schneider, Managing Partner of Werner & Mertz: “The ‘Recyclat-Initiative’ of Werner & Mertz has proven that high-quality recyclate can be obtained from household collection. In order to compensate for the continuing lower prices for virgin material and to trigger high-quality applications for recycled raw materials in the sense of closed loops, I am campaigning for the introduction of a plastic tax on virgin material.”

Herwart Wilms, Managing Director of Remondis, added in this context that the introduction of a polluter-pays tax on non-recycled old plastic packaging, the so-called “plastic tax”, could only have the desired steering effect if it was used in a targeted manner: “In order to promote the recycling of plastics more strongly and make it a successful model with a worldwide exemplary character, the tax would have to be converted into a purpose-bound levy. Only in this way could sustainable production be promoted in a targeted way instead of using the tax money for other tasks.”

Remondis and Werner & Mertz cooperate on plastics recycling

-OECD says plastic pollution will grow faster than recycling rate

Globally, discarded plastic levels could nearly triple by 2060, with about half of the plastic ending up in landfill and less than a fifth recycled, an OECD report projected.

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), a global policy forum that counts developed countries among its members, released a preliminary version of a global plastics outlook report on June 3. The document said that without “radical action to curb demand, increase product lifespans and improve waste management and recyclability, plastic pollution will rise in tandem with an almost threefold increase in plastics use.”  Plastics-recycling – Circular-economy

OECD plans to release the full “Global Plastics Outlook: Policy Scenarios to 2060” report on June 21.

The preliminary version forecast that almost two-thirds of discarded plastic in 2060 will be from packaging, low-cost products and textiles.

“If we want a world that is free of plastic pollution, in line with the ambitions of the United Nations Environment Assembly, we will need to take much more stringent and globally coordinated action,” OECD Secretary-General Mathias Cormann said in a statement. “This report proposes concrete policies that can be implemented along the lifecycle of plastics that could significantly curb – and even eliminate – plastic leakage into the environment.”

The report builds on OECD’s “Global Plastics Outlook: Economic Drivers, Environmental Impacts and Policy Options,” which was released in February. That report found that discarded plastic volumes have doubled in two decades, with most ending up in landfills, incinerated or in the environment.

Since that report release, U.N. member states have pledged to negotiate a legally binding international agreement by 2024 to end plastic pollution, the statement noted.

Plastics-recycling - Circular-economy

-PET Recycling Coalition Formed to Improve Plastic Packaging Circulatory

Leading companies such as Eastman, Indorama Ventures, P&G, Danone, Coca-Cola Co. take action to unlock the environmental and economic benefits of PET recycling.

The Recycling Partnership has launched the  PET Recycling Coalition, an initiative informed by industry knowledge and expertise to improve polyethylene terephthalate (PET, plastic #1) circularity. Its work will focus on four key opportunities to increase PET recycling:

  • Increasing the capture of PET bottles;
  • Broadening the acceptance of PET trays, cups, and clamshells in community recycling collection programs;
  • Unlocking new supplies of recycled PET (rPET) for packaging manufacturers;  Plastics-recycling – Circular-economy
  • Strengthening recycling systems for pigmented and opaque PET.

PET plastic is in high demand for use in textiles such as polyester clothing and carpet and it’s the most common type of plastic utilized in liquid bottles and food packaging today. While eliminating unnecessary usage is an important component of circularity, increased PET recycling is another critical step in advancing circularity. Along with company commitments and recycled content mandates in proposed US legislation, this is causing to skyrocketing demand for recycled PET, yet supply is limited.

Most Americans with recycling access can recycle PET bottles; however, only 54% can recycle other types of PET packaging like plastic egg cartons and fruit containers. Furthermore, the recycling rate for PET bottles was only 26.6% in 2021. While most PET never makes it into the recycling bin due to insufficient access and participation, as much as 17% of bottles that are recovered are lost at Materials Recovery Facilities (MRFs) due to sortation challenges. By supporting solutions identified by the PET Recycling Coalition, there is a great opportunity to increase recovery and reduce plastic waste and help make progress toward packaging circularity goals.

Grants, technical assistance, and knowledge sharing.

The PET Recycling Coalition will make grants to recycling facilities for sorting equipment and related capital needs.

These upgrades will improve PET bottle capture, deliver more rPET for use back into bottles and thermoforms, increase the acceptance of non-bottle rigid items in community recycling programs, and strengthen recycling opportunities for pigmented and opaque PET. Plastics-recycling – Circular-economy

Through grants, technical assistance, and knowledge sharing, the Coalition envisions a thriving PET recycling system that captures significantly more material, enabling more circular PET packaging with increased amounts of recycled content.

Plastics-recycling - Circular-economy

-Govt rejects anti-dumping duty recommendations on import of low-density polyethylene

In a major setback for domestic manufacturers, the government of India has rejected the recommendations to levy anti-dumping duty on the import of low-density polyethylene (LDPE) from Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Thailand, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and the United States of America (USA).

In an office memorandum issued on Monday, the Department of Revenue under the Ministry of Finance, said, “The central government, after considering the final findings of the designated authority, has decided not to accept the recommendations to impose anti-dumping duty on the import of LDPE.”

The designated authority i.e. the Directorate General of Trade Remedies (DGTR), under the Union Ministry of Commerce & Industry, had received an application from the country’s premier industry body viz Chemicals and Petrochemicals Manufacturers Association (CPMA) wherein the association had requested initiation of an ADD investigation on the imports of LDPE originating in or exported from Qatar, Saudi Arabia, USA, Thailand, and Singapore. The authority commenced the investigation for the three years period between 2016-17 and 2018-19. Plastics-recycling – Circular-economy

CPMA was not immediately reached for comments. The association, however, had alleged in its application to the DGTR that the dumping of LDPE into India is causing big injury to the domestic producers.

Based on the evidence provided by CPMA, the designated authority started investigations by seeking information from all companies involved in the business to export LDPE to India. The objective of this investigation was to determine the existence, degree, and effect of the alleged dumping of LDPE originating in or exported from the aforementioned exporting countries. Also, the objective of this investigation was to recommend the amount of ADD, which if levied, would be adequate to remove the alleged injury to the domestic industry.

After consulting with all stakeholders including exporters, importers, and Indian producers the DGTR had recommended ADD levy between the US $17 and US$216 on various overseas exporters who were allegedly dumping their goods in India.

Plastics-recycling - Circular-economy

-European Parliament vote on climate measures critical for chemicals

Industry wants clarity from Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) who are voting on changes to Europe’s ambitious carbon emissions trading scheme and the bloc’s Fit-for-55 climate proposals on Wednesday, European Commission Executive Vice President, Frans Timmermans has stressed. Plastics-recycling – Circular-economy

Ahead of votes on key amendments, Europe’s big energy users, alongside other industrial sectors likely to be impacted the most from the extensive Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Fit-for-55 revisions, have been lobbying hard.

Essentially, however, European industry wants, in Timmermans words, “clarity, predictability and reliability”, from the measures being considered at this stage in the legislative process.

Time is of the essence if companies are to be able to invest to facilitate real climate action, a fact that has been stressed many times before.

And the details of proposals that are being considered now will create the ‘playing field’ on which companies will operate for years to come – and have an impact far beyond the EU’s borders.

Energy intensive industries such as chemicals, however, do feel that the playing field is being tilted against them in Europe despite their broad support for more intense climate action.

Energy intensive industries CEOs, in an open letter this week, said that legislation needs to accompany the energy transition with predictable measures and realistic timelines.

They are clearly concerned about step changes that run the risk of overburdening companies before they can invest to further tackle climate change and develop markets for low carbon products. Plastics-recycling – Circular-economy

“In this regard, latest proposals on ETS and CBAM [carbon border adjustment mechanism] weaken carbon leakage provisions, further increase unilateral regulatory costs and harm the competitiveness of European industries in EU or international markets,” the letter, signed by almost 300 of them, said.

Plastics-recycling - Circular-economy

-What role does EPR play in the circular economy? CEFLEX launches EPR ‘Criteria for Circularity’ in flexible packaging

Extended User Responsibility (EPR) schemes play a substantial role in the collection, sorting and recycling of post-consumer products. The Circular Economy for Flexible Packaging (CEFLEX) project, a collaboration of over 180 European companies, associations and organisations, believes these schemes are well positioned to be a key enabler and co-ordinator of the circular economy.

What role does EPR play in the circular economy? CEFLEX launches EPR ‘Criteria for Circularity’ in flexible packaging Plastics-recycling – Circular-economy

The CEFLEX ‘Criteria for Circularity’ have been developed as a constructive and practical check list for EPR schemes and stakeholders to work through on their journey to making packaging waste materials circular. They come at a critical moment, as EPR schemes look to meet higher recycling targets and align with other legislation driving changes to how packaging waste is collected, sorted and recycled to be used again.

The criteria are a basis for further discussion and development in four pillars: operational, financial, communication and governance. These pillars are designed to connect and build on work from the Consumer Goods Forum and others, adding further perspectives for flexible packaging. ‘The criteria are part of a long-standing CEFLEX dialogue on EPR, which is vital to making flexible packaging circular, sustainable and economically viable,’ a recent press release states.

CEFLEX Project Co-ordinator Graham Houlder elaborated: “In a circular economy, all materials need to be captured, recycled and used in a wide range of sustainable end markets – independent of cost and recycling targets.

EPR systems designed to deliver circular materials and funded accordingly, will help create the conditions to allow all parts of the value chain to make the changes necessary to go circular.” Plastics-recycling – Circular-economy

Plastics-recycling - Circular-economy

-Unifi to launch new product made from ocean waste

Unifi, Inc., makers of REPREVE®, the leading  recycled fiber, has launched a new sustainable solution that allows customers and consumers to help solve the ever-growing problem of ocean plastic pollution. REPREVE® Our Ocean™ fiber is created from bottles collected within 50 kilometers of coasts in countries or areas without established garbage or recycling programs, addressing the fundamental source of ocean plastic. Plastics-recycling – Circular-economy

Jay Hertwig, Senior Vice President of Global Brand Sales for Unifi, said that REPREVE Our Ocean is a premium collection of fiber and resin obtained from bottles that are at high danger of entering the ocean. For years, they’ve been converting billions of plastic bottles into REPREVE recycled fiber to protect air, land, and natural resources. REPREVE Our Ocean is a project that aims to restore our ocean. They provide a one-of-a-kind chance for companies to convey an ocean-focused story with REPREVE Our Ocean.

At least 8.8 million tons of plastics are dumped into the ocean each year, the equivalent of one garbage truck discharging its contents into the ocean every minute. Furthermore, at least 80% of plastic enters the waters from land, and at present rates, there will be more plastic than fish in the oceans by 2050.

Hertwig added that forward-thinking firms who want to make an even more explicit statement about saving the environment—and want to take a greater position in addressing ocean pollution—now have a brand new choice. REPREVE Our Ocean is designed for the betterment of tomorrow, and this high-end product will appeal to people who want to do all possible to help conserve the environment for future generations. Plastics-recycling – Circular-economy

Unifi to launch new product made from ocean waste

-BASF light stabilizer increases the durability of pontoons used for aquaculture in China

Tinuvin® in plastic pontoons provides long-lasting protection against harsh weather conditions

Improved service life helps to save resources and reduce costs for fish farmers

BASF’s light stabilizer Tinuvin® has been applied by Fujian Atlantis Plastic Products Co. Ltd., a company specialized in the production and processing of plastic products for marine floats, to protect polypropylene (PP) pontoons used by fish farmers in Ningde, Fujian Province of China.

Like all plastics, PP is susceptible to UV light and heat, which can result in color change, surface cracking, and ultimately, product failure. To make the pontoons resistant to intense sunlight, a light stabilizer such as Tinuvin is added to the polymer during manufacturing. Tinuvin protects the PP pontoons from the negative effects of prolonged exposure to UV light thereby improving its weatherability and extending its lifetime from 3 years to more than 5 years. Plastics-recycling – Circular-economy

“Strong, durable, and safe – these are qualities that should always come to mind when employing a plastic floatation system,” said Hermann Althoff, Senior Vice President, Performance Chemicals Asia Pacific, BASF. “Our UV stabilization products create a stress-crack-resistant platform that maintains the structural integrity of the plastic article for many years.”

Ningde in southeast China’s Fujian Province produces most of the country’s cultured seafood. Thousands of fish farmers, who have resided along this coastal area for decades have transformed this little fishing village into the epicenter of the yellow croaker industry – producing 75 percent of the nation’s total output in 2019.

In aquaculture, floating pontoons interconnected by plastic walkways act as enclosures to raise seafood like shrimp, oysters, and fish. While raising fish, crustaceans, and mollusks in landlocked ponds and fenced-in ocean pens has gone on for decades, what has changed is the traditional solution of low-end, low-cost applications for fish farmers.

“Fish farmers are sensitive to cost, and previously used pontoons made of foamed plastics. These become brittle and prematurely break,” said Min Lin, General Manager of Fujian Atlantis. “By using Tinuvin, we could achieve a high-quality, more durable pontoon that is not susceptible to breakage, chalking and fading even under extreme sunlight. Plastics-recycling – Circular-economy

BASF light stabilizer increases the durability of pontoons used for aquaculture in China

Plastics-recycling – Circular-economy

rPET-bottles – Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics 09-06-2022

rPET-bottles – Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics 09-06-2022

rPET-bottles – Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics

-RadiciGroup – Roadmap to climate action: in the last decade in RadiciGroup direct greenhouse gas emissions have been reduced by 70%.Target 2030 -80%

Key role of Radici Chimica Novara in reducing the Group’s environmental impact.

Setting concrete environmental sustainability objectives through the abatement of direct greenhouse gas emissions, leveraging investments and cutting-edge technologies: this is the approach that has always guided the activities of RadiciGroup, world leader in the production of a wide range of chemical intermediates, polyamide polymers, high performance technopolymers and advanced textile solutions. A strategy that has proved effective, allowing ambitious goals to be reached: between 2011 and 2020, in fact, greenhouse gas emissions at Group level decreased by 70%, going from around 700,000 tons annual CO2 equivalent to about 200,000 tons.

These results were achieved thanks above all to the actions implemented in the Specialty Chemicals Business area with plants in Novara and in Germany, the heart of RadiciGroup’s chemical activities.

Here adipic acid is produced, a fundamental intermediate in the polyamide 66 chain and which, as a by-product derived from its production process, releases nitrous oxide: it is a gas that does not present particular problems in itself (it is used in the medical sector as anesthetic or in the food sector as a propellant for spray cream), but which, if released freely into the atmosphere, has a much higher greenhouse effect than carbon dioxide.

A multi-year investment plan of over 10 million euros aimed at reducing these emissions involved the Radici Chimica site in Novara with three important interventions: the commissioning, in 2004 of a reactor, designed and patented by the company, which exploiting a catalyst placed on 3 beds decomposes the nitrous oxide into the two elements that compose it (nitrogen and oxygen) making it harmless for the atmosphere; the installation in 2013 of an EnviNOx plant to reduce nitrous oxide associated with the production of nitric acid and, in 2021, a further improvement of the system for abatement of emissions associated with the production of adipic acid. Since the activation of this last plant, in 9 months, more than 35,000 equivalent tons of carbon dioxide have been removed.

All these actions have meant that today Radici Chimica Novara can record a level of nitrous oxide emissions below 10 ppm (parts per million), a almost nil value.

We are the only Italian producers of adipic acid, a fundamental chemical intermediate for numerous industries, in addition to our polyamide 66.

The investments made to improve the environmental performance linked to its process have allowed us to achieve important results to make our business increasingly sustainable – says Maurizio Radici, Vice President and COO of RadiciGroup – We have decided to implement initiatives on the abatement of emissions well before the legislation made it mandatory.

In fact, we started studying the technologies available since the end of the 90s and we promoted the entry of the Italian chemical sector into the European greenhouse gas emissions trading system Emission Trading System (ETS) in 2011, two years before the legal obligation “.

Also in Germany, in 2001 RadiciGroup built an adipic acid production plant “from scratch” equipped with Best Available Techniques including a modern thermal abatement system of nitrous oxide.

By the end of 2022, an EnviNOx plant is also expected to come into operation which, by also reducing the nitrous oxide emissions associated with the production of nitric acid, will eliminate the plant’s direct greenhouse gas emissions.

We are convinced that our companies can grow only by keeping in harmony with all their stakeholders – underlines Angelo Radici, President of RadiciGroup – As regards the reduction of the environmental impact, we continue to invest with a view to continuous improvement, so much so that the recent interventions in the Specialty Chemicals area will allow us to further reduce greenhouse gas emissions at Group level and to reach 2030 with a reduction of around 80% compared to 2011. In addition, in terms of energy, in addition to an innovative trigeneration plant, all of our Bergamo offices use renewable energy that is self-produced or taken from the grid, with the ambitious goal of fully self-producing it from renewable sources. Radici Chimica Novara is directly connected to a high-efficiency cogeneration (CAR) plant that powers it and completely covers its energy needs.

In addition to being committed to energy issues – continues the President – we invest in innovation to develop new projects of recycling and circularity, trying to implement concrete actions for a sustainable future of our companies and the territories in which we operate “.

Other significant investments for the abatement of emissions were made on the RadiciFil site in Casnigo (BG) for the installation of a thermo-compression system that allows a drastic reduction of the steam consumption of the production site, and in Radici Yarn in Villa d’Ogna (BG) for the construction of a trigeneration plant which, through a very high efficiency system, in addition to electricity and steam, produces the cold water necessary for production processes, allowing in 2021 a reduction of water consumption of 30%.

RadiciGroup - Roadmap to climate action: in the last decade in RadiciGroup direct greenhouse gas emissions have been reduced by 70%.Target 2030 -80%

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

-VTT develops transparent cellulose film to replace traditional plastic in food packaging

VTT is piloting a new transparent cellulose film that reduces microplastic.

Food packages fulfil their most important tasks when they protect food and minimise waste. Thin plastic films are nevertheless difficult to recycle, and they often end up in the wrong places after use.

VTT has developed a solution to the problem of plastic packaging. Regenerated or recrystallised cellulose can replace plastic film.

“We can produce transparent and flexible cellulose film. The consumer cannot distinguish between the crystal-clear material and traditional oil-based plastic. Cellulose film can resist dampness, but in nature it disappears as completely as a sheet of paper does. The product is biobased and biodegradable”, says VTT Research Professor Ali Harlin.  rPET-bottles – Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics

In addition to their protective properties, plastics are important because consumers want packages that allow them to see the product itself. However, once they have been used, many packages are sources of problems.

If a package has both paper and plastic, the consumer may wonder if it can be recycled with cardboard, or if the plastic needs to be torn off first. Some of the materials have alternating layers of fibre and plastic. Many packages are placed among mixed waste by people who cannot think of a better way of disposing of it. Plastic that ends up in a cardboard recycling bin can be removed, but the plastic usually ends up incinerated.

“The cellulose film developed by VTT can replace plastic as a more climate-friendly solution. It also makes recycling easy, as it can be placed in cardboard recycling along with other packages”, says Atte Virtanen, Vice President, for Biomaterial processing and products at VTT.

Finland remains far from the goals set by the EU for reducing the environmental harm caused by plastics. At present about 20 percent of plastics are collected, and even less ends up recycled. Under the EU target, 55 percent of plastics should be recycled by 2025.

Plastic film market worth 110 billion dollars

Finland is currently more of a packaging material country than a printing paper country. Last year the value of sales of cardboard exceeded that of paper for the first time. The forest industry is looking for new products with a big market, which bring value-added. rPET-bottles – Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics

Flexible, transparent cellulose film is one such product. The world market for plastic films was about 110 billion dollars last year.

rPET-bottles - Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics

-Nestlé Malaysia pioneers the adoption of rPET in RTD bottles

Nestlé Malaysia is accelerating its efforts to tackle plastic waste by expanding further the use of environmentally-friendly packaging. The company is the first in Malaysia to use high-quality rPET for its Ready-to-Drink (RTD) products in plastic bottles format.

This move is claimed to be in line with the company’s pledge to reduce the use of virgin plastics by at least one-third and make 100% of its packaging recyclable and reusable by 2025 globally, and also in Malaysia.

To date, 90% of Nestlé Malaysia’s packaging materials are already designed for recycling.

The company has also eliminated the single-use plastic shrink wrap for its Milo UHT 125ml products, replacing it with 100% sustainably sourced recyclable paper, and is working to extend this innovation to the rest of the UHT range.

Juan Aranols, Chief Executive Officer, Nestlé (Malaysia) Berhad, said, “Making packaging greener and increasing collection for recycling are key actions in our sustainability agenda. rPET-bottles – Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics

Plastic waste remains a global issue and we are working harder than ever to deliver innovative solutions that are better for the environment. By transitioning to 100% rPET bottles and more paper-based packaging solutions, we reduce the use of virgin plastic and improve our CO2 footprint. This reflects our company’s ongoing commitment to shape a waste-free future.”

Nestlé Malaysia is also partnering with recyclers and municipalities in the Klang Valley to extend systems for collection and recycling and expects to reach 100,000 households by 2022.

“We in Nestlé Malaysia have a rich cumulative experience and a strong understanding of systems for collection and recycling.

We aim to lead by example and look forward to including our retail partners and suppliers in these efforts. rPET-bottles – Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics

Nestlé Malaysia pioneers the adoption of rPET in RTD bottles

-Graphene-Enhanced Plastics Said to Feature Improved Material Properties at Reduced Cost

Graphene additives also bring a sustainability dividend, according to Brazil’s Gerdau Graphene, which is beginning to roll out the enhanced PP and PE masterbatches.

Graphene-enhanced plastics introduced by Brazilian nanotechnology company Gerdau Graphene promise to bring greater overall performance at a reduced cost compared with conventional materials while improving their sustainability footprint.

The new graphene-enhanced masterbatch formulas for polyethylene (PP) and polypropylene (PE) were created in partnership with a government-funded advanced materials center in São Paulo, and are being piloted in a series of industrial applications by Gerdau. rPET-bottles – Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics

The first commercial deliveries are expected in the second half of 2022 in Brazil and will expand to the Americas in 2023.

The presence of additives containing graphene can increase several properties, including stiffness, impact resistance, thermal/electric conductivity, and resistance to degradation, Gerdau Graphene CEO Alex Corrêa told PlasticsToday. “There are many different applications that might benefit from it — flexible and rigid packaging, bottles, automobile parts, plastic furniture, etc. Graphene can also provide process gains, such as facilitating the mixing process due to the reaction effect of carbonaceous fillers, and can also improve productivity in polymer processing, reducing production cycles,” explained Corrêa.

The materials do not require any changes to plastics processing equipment, Corrêa added, although some processing parameters may need to be adjusted to account for increased productivity.

In addition to developing graphene additives for virgin resins, Gerdau Graphene is also working on formulations for post-industrial and post-consumer recycled plastics and polymers, including PP, PE, polystyrene (PS), polycarbonate (PC), and PVC. Each year, the United States produces about eight million tons of PP and 23 million tons of PE, according to figures submitted by Gerdau Graphene. Reducing the amount of raw PP and PE needed to create final plastic products by 30% could save as much as 9.3 million tons of PP and PE plastic from being consumed and ultimately discarded, said the company. rPET-bottles – Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics

rPET-bottles - Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics

-Trützschler Nonwovens at Techtextil

Trützschler Nonwovens, Trützschler Card Clothing and Trützschler Man-Made Fibers will present a range of new and proven solutions for the nonwoven, card clothing and man-made fibre sectors at this month’s Techtextil exhibition.

Located in booth D80 in hall 12.0, Trützschler Nonwovens will present information on sustainable fibres such as hemp or linen we well as nettle and pineapple fibres.

On show will be the company’s solutions for manufacturing innovative nonwoven products including machinery and complete production lines for paper grade pulp, re-generated cellulose fibers, cotton and various other natural fibers.

Trützschler Nonwovens will also present its latest developments in the field of digitalization. rPET-bottles – Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics

Alongside its software partner Proptium, the company will introduce T-ONE, a new digital working environment for both fibre- and polymer-based nonwoven producers.

T-ONE supports routine tasks such as quality control and recipe management but also enables systematic line monitoring and data collection for T-ONE’s line optimizations.

A further focus is on durable nonwovens for automotive applications or end-uses in filtration, building and construction. Trützschler Nonwovens will present modern solutions for high-productivity, high-efficiency and low maintenance production lines.

Trützschler cards are linked with tailor-made wires by Trützschler Card Clothing. Visitors can explore a range of innovations and reliable solutions that boost productivity in needling, high-speed spunlacing, thermo- and chemical bonding lines.

rPET-bottles - Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics

-BASF offers range of chemical intermediates with product carbon footprint significantly below global market average

Analysis comprising product-specific emissions from cradle to gate

Market comparison reveals good position for a range of intermediates

BASF has calculated the individual product carbon footprints (PCF) of a large part of its portfolio of chemical intermediates1. The results were compared with assessments of market-wide average carbon footprints of the corresponding products of third parties2. The outcome of the analysis shows that due to the production set-up the PCF of a range of BASF’s chemical intermediates is significantly below the global average PCF of the corresponding third-party chemicals, all produced from fossil-based raw materials.  rPET-bottles – Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics

BASF now offers these products as “LowPCF” intermediates:

–       Tert-Butylamine (tBA) LowPCF

–       Formic Acid (FA) LowPCF

–       Propionic Acid (PA) LowPCF

–       1,6-Hexanediol (HDO®) LowPCF

–       Neopentyl Glycol (NPG) LowPCF

The PCF comprises the total greenhouse gas emissions that occur until the BASF product leaves the factory gate for the customer: from the extraction of resources through manufacturing of precursors to the making of the final chemical product itself. On its journey to achieve net zero CO2 emissions by 2050, BASF is the first large chemical company to make the individual carbon footprints of all its sales products available to its customers.

Various factors contributing to low product carbon footprint

The PCF is determined by various factors. For example, energy generation in BASF’s own gas-fired combined heat and power plants generates significantly less greenhouse gas emissions compared to other conventional energy generation. In addition, production processes of LowPCF intermediates are characterized by high production efficiency in terms of energy and raw material consumption due to BASF’s integrated Verbund system and continuous efforts in operational excellence. Finally, LowPCF intermediates generally use oil, natural gas or Verbund by-products, but not coal, as primary raw materials. Due to its chemical properties, the use of coal generally results in a higher carbon footprint of downstream products compared to natural gas or oil.

“Company CO2 emission reduction targets are playing an increasingly important role in the value chains we serve. rPET-bottles – Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics

With our LowPCF intermediates, we are supporting our customers in achieving their targets: they now have the option to consciously choose a product with a carbon footprint significantly below the global market average,” says Stephan Kothrade, head of BASF’s Intermediates division. “By making CO2 emission data at the individual product level available to our customers, we also offer a level of transparency that is unique in the chemical industry.”

BASF offers range of chemical intermediates with product carbon footprint significantly below global market average

-The truth about plastics recycling

I recently read the report on plastics recycling rates by The Last Beach Cleanup and Beyond Plastics and, like many of you, it certainly was not good for my blood pressure. rPET-bottles – Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics

The pitiful white flag of surrender raised by the reports’ authors certainly does not speak for the tens of thousands of Americans employed by our industry who, amidst a global pandemic, recycled nearly five billion pounds of plastic in 2020.

I received calls and emails from a number of APR members pointing out that the authors’ disingenuous claim of low recycling numbers was achieved by parsing data, resulting in publishing an unfair and distorted assessment of our industry for the public.

Let’s be clear: the debate about plastics recycling today is focused on containers consumers buy and use daily — soda bottles, milk jugs, yogurt tubs, etc. The authors intentionally failed to acknowledge that the low numbers they cite include ALL plastic items, including durable plastic items not collected through community recycling programs.

The fact is that 21% of PET, PP and HDPE rigid plastic packaging – the kind of plastic that makes up 80% of consumer packaging and what consumers put in their blue bins – is recycled. For PET and HDPE bottles, 28% get recycled. We could immediately raise that recycling rate to over 40 percent, using our existing processing infrastructure, if we could get more material into recycling bins and collected.

Simply put, to increase recycling rates, we need to collect more material.

The authors’ suggestion that consumers simply switch to reusable products is not feasible for most consumers and would not make plastics “go away.”

When Americans agree on little else, we are united – 85% – in support for recycling. At the same time, demand from brands trying to get more recycled content into their products is at a record high. rPET-bottles – Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics

It would be ludicrous to abandon plastics recycling now.

rPET-bottles - Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics

-ExxonMobil Working to Advance Plastics Recycling in Houston and Beyond

Sustainability Challenge:

Plastics used in a range of consumer products and other applications have traditionally been difficult to recycle, often ending up in landfills or as litter.

Chemistry Solution:

Advanced recycling technologies being implemented today at integrated manufacturing facilities can help transform used plastic into valuable materials for new products.

Sustainability Benefit:

  • By year-end 2026, ExxonMobil’s investments in advanced recycling technology have the potential to process up to 1 billion pounds annually of used plastics that may have otherwise gone to landfill or incineration.

ExxonMobil has developed advanced recycling technology, which, through April 2022, has processed more than 7 million pounds of used plastics at its Baytown facility, near Houston, Texas. rPET-bottles – Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics

Advanced recycling is a manufacturing process that leverages chemistry and technology to convert hard-to-recycle used plastic like films and pouches into high-quality raw materials for making valuable new products, including plastics.

  • By the end of 2022, ExxonMobil’s Baytown operation is projected to be among North America’s largest advanced plastic recycling facilities, with an initial planned capacity to process 30,000 metric tons of plastics each year.
  • Plans also are under way to build up to 500,000 metric tons of annual advanced recycling capacity globally by year-end 2026, with potential sites in the U.S., as well as in Europe, Canada and Singapore.
  • In addition, co-processing plastic waste via ExxonMobil’s advanced recycling approach results in lower greenhouse gas emissions than using virgin feedstocks when analyzed on an ISO 14067 feedstock basis (ExxonMobil estimates; cradle-to-process unit outlet boundary).

Beyond developing and scaling advanced recycling technology, ExxonMobil is working to increase the collection of used plastics and to develop markets for certified circular polymers:

  • ExxonMobil is a founding member of the Alliance to End Plastic Waste, an organization focused on developing scalable and economically viable solutions to address plastic waste in the environment in communities around the world.
  • To help fill a missing link in the supply chain, ExxonMobil formed a joint venture with Agilyx Corporation, called Cyclyx International LLC, which is focused on innovative solutions to collect, sort and pre-process used plastics for use in both mechanical and advanced recycling processes.

rPET-bottles – Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics

rPET-bottles - Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics

-Swancote Energy and TOMRA Recycling partnership marks first UK application of optical sorting technology in an Anaerobic Digestion facility

A partnership between TOMRA Recycling and specialist commercial food waste disposal company, Swancote Energy, has resulted in the first application of optical sorting technology in an Anaerobic Digestion (AD) facility in the UK.

In October 2021, Swancote Energy invested in an AUTOSORT® unit from TOMRA Recycling at its state-of-the-art 75,000tpa anaerobic digestion (AD) facility in Bridgnorth, Shropshire. rPET-bottles – Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics

The facility produces renewable energy is from a combination of commercial food waste and purpose-grown energy crops. Combined heat and power plant generators convert the biogas into electricity and heat, with the electricity fed directly to a local aluminium smelting company. The new AUTOSORT® unit is enabling Swancote Energy to recover recyclable plastic packaging from commercial food waste which can then be used in the production of new food-grade plastic packaging.

The plant’s infeed stream comprises of palletised food waste from multi-national food manufacturers, retailers, distributors and small independent businesses. Many different types of food waste are processed at the plant, including loose, liquids and palletised. The infeed stream contains a wide range of packaging materials such as plastics, tins and glass. Swancote Energy uses a number of different mechanical and automated processes to recover all recyclable products for recycling, including glass, tin cans, aluminium products and plastics.

Following the installation of TOMRA’s AUTOSORT® unit, Swancote Energy can now process 50,000 tonnes per annum of palletised food waste while ensuring the rigid plastic packaging – including HDPE, PP and PET bottles, tubs, trays and pots – is all recovered for resale.rPET-bottles – Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics

The organic matter is removed first before the material goes through a hot wash prior to being optically sorted. The AUTOSORT® unit is the final stage in the process of depackaging of the food. Once recovered, the recyclable plastic packaging is sold on to food-grade plastic recycling facilities, allowing Swancote Energy to provide its customers with a closed loop recycling solution.

Swancote Energy and TOMRA Recycling partnership marks first UK application of optical sorting technology in an Anaerobic Digestion facility

rPET-bottles – Graphene-Enhanced-Plastics

Recycling-processes – Flexible-packaging 08-06-2022

Recycling-processes – Flexible-packaging 08-06-2022

Recycling-processes – Flexible-packaging

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime


Not nearly enough hype: Why all recycling processes are important for a circular economy / A reply from Ingemar Bühler, managing director of Plastics Europe Deutschland

Recently, the editorial team wrote in their Plastic Fantastic commentary that the “hype surrounding chemical recycling” was getting on their nerves.

“Ex officio”, as it were, but also from a deep inner conviction, I would like to disagree here: our industry’s communication on chemical recycling is certainly not a hype – an exaggeration, according to the origin of the word.

The issue is in fact incredibly important, for two reasons. The first is because all recycling processes with their respective performance ranges are the keys to the transformation towards a circular economy and climate neutrality.

Defossilisation will only succeed if we use all the technologies at our disposal to close the loop. Recycling-processes – Flexible-packaging

The second is because chemical recycling is assessed and discussed by many with a level of knowledge that has long since become obsolete. A lot has happened: processes have become more sophisticated, the questions of energy expenditure, efficiency, and scaling have been addressed on a fundamental level.

It is true that, currently, only about half of all plastics waste is recycled. In terms of technology, we are quite capable of recycling almost any plastics, and with smart networking of the different processes, we can even recycle complex compounds and heavily contaminated fractions. If we want to achieve a situation where less and less plastics are burnt and more and more plastics are consistently recycled, we need to look at the entire toolbox of technologies with an open mind and without bias. There is no material, no industry that is in a better position than the plastics industry to put the idea of a circular economy into practice. Meeting this challenge is worth any accusation of hype to me.

For the chemical recycling process to be economically and ecologically worthwhile, we need large-scale plants that work around the clock. In order to invest billions of euros in the construction of such plants, companies need both regulatory clarity and reliable conditions. For me, this also includes equal treatment of the different recycling technologies, for example in the question of a recognition to recycling quotas. We can only expect entrepreneurs to invest in high-tech industrial facilities of both mechanical and chemical recycling if the commercialisation of recyclates meets a functioning and free market. Recycling-processes – Flexible-packaging

Recycling-processes - Flexible-packaging

-Linde Engineering to extend Slovnaft’s polypropylene capacity in Slovakia

Linde Engineering announced it has been selected by Slovnaft, a member of the MOL Group, a leading integrated Central Eastern European oil and gas corporation, to conduct a complex large-scale revamp of a polypropylene (PP3) plant in Bratislava, Slovakia. Recycling-processes – Flexible-packaging

The revamp will extend the plant’s capacity by 18 per cent to 300 kilotons of polypropylene per year, and the storage facility will be expanded from the current 45 to 61 silos in total. The revamped plant has been designed to offer a higher degree of operational flexibility by producing multiple product grades and utilising intermediate storage to ensure just-in-time production. Furthermore, the project will incorporate environmental measures to capture waste gas streams in compliance with local regulations.

“The revamp will enable Slovnaft to meet rising demands from the polyolefin processing industry,” said Juergen Nowicki, CEO Linde Engineering. “The project is challenging given its complexity: Interdependency with other process facilities allows only a narrow time frame for a shutdown. With our proven expertise and best-in-class services, we will be able to complete all installation works, including construction, commissioning and testing,” underlined the CEO of Linde Engineering.

Several studies performed by Linde Engineering between 2016 and 2020 laid the foundation for Slovnaft’s investment decision.

“One of the goals of our updated 2030+ strategy is to reduce the production of fossil fuels and strengthen the production of basic plastics. Linde Engineering is our reliable partner. Recycling-processes – Flexible-packaging

Linde Engineering to extend Slovnaft’s polypropylene capacity in Slovakia


Linde-Engineering to extend Slovnaft’s polypropylene-capacity in Slovakia

BOPET-Films-Europe and Vita-Nova breathe new life into household flexible-packaging

Magnetic-confinement-fusion: energy that imitates the stars

Packaging under fire-over-sustainability-concerns

Saudi-Arabia hikes July-crude-prices surprisingly high for Asia-buyers

Thermore-Group launches EVOdown made using recycled-PET-bottles

Borealis received a binding offer from AGROFERT for the acquisition of nitrogen-business

Recycling-processes – Flexible-packaging

rPET-trays – Chemical-recycling-technology 07-06-2022

BOPET-Films – Recycled-PET-bottles 08-06-2022

BOPET-Films – Recycled-PET-bottles

-BOPET Films Europe and Vita Nova breathe new life into household flexible packaging

In this Innovation Spotlight, BOPET Films Europe and Searious Business introduce the Vita Nova project, which explores how changing the material composition of flexibles can improve their recyclability without losing pack performance, compromising on printing, or costing more.

Household flexible packaging has become an integral part of today’s consumer packaging. It is a resource-efficient and cost-effective way to package everything from baked goods to fruits and vegetables. A favourite with food packaging designers, it protects from moisture, odours, and oxygenation, and unlike paper, it can be transparent so customers can see the product.

Packaging products in soft plastic rather than rigid alternatives uses far less material, creates less CO2 and ultimately less waste. BOPET-Films – Recycled-PET-bottles

Flexible plastic packs half the food in Europe while only using 1/6th of the materials. The problem lies in its disposal.

The resource efficiency of flexible packaging relies on a complex mix of laminates, materials, inks and adhesives, which render it difficult to recycle. Plus, it’s hard to include recycled material in new household flexible packaging because only certain types of recycled plastic are approved for direct food contact.

Currently, household soft plastic is mainly made from a complex variety of polyolefins and is rarely recycled. Unprinted larger formats such as pre-consumer transport wrap can be recycled at scale, but household B2C flexible packaging is too small and contaminated to process. Minimal quantities of polyolefin films may be downcycled into low-value products like roadside markers or benches, but unfortunately, the rest will be incinerated or landfilled. BOPET-Films – Recycled-PET-bottles

BOPET-Films - Recycled-PET-bottles

-Magnetic confinement fusion: energy that imitates the stars

A safe, sustainable and inexhaustible source of energy, a possible turning point in the decarbonization process we are supporting. BOPET-Films – Recycled-PET-bottles

The technology

Fusing two hydrogen nuclei releases a huge burst of energy – in nature, this is the type of physical reaction that powers the sun and the other stars. The great advantage of the technology is that it does not emit greenhouse gases; nor does it emit heavily polluting or highly radioactive substances, which makes it a highly attractive energy source. It is also virtually inexhaustible as it uses a blend of easily obtainable elements as fuel: deuterium and tritium, two hydrogen isotopes. Deuterium comes from seawater, while tritium can be produced by a physical reaction with lithium.

Magnetic confinement technology is being investigated as a potential means of achieving fusion continuity control in power plants. As its name suggests, the technology uses extremely powerful magnetic fields to control the plasma in which the fusion takes place. The journey towards this technological revolution will be a long one, but will lead to a more sustainable future. This is why we are focusing on magnetic confinement fusion and why we are collaborating with leading public and private research bodies to develop it. We see it as a turning point in the decarbonization process. BOPET-Films – Recycled-PET-bottles

When we get fusion to a mature enough point that it can be used in industry, the stage will be set for unprecedented things. We will finally have a widespread supply of clean, safe, sustainable energy. Power stations fed by fusion reactors could meet the growing demand for energy at big production and population centres while maintaining high sustainability. Smaller stations, on the other hand, integrated with renewable sources, could make it easier to provide energy to small communities and off-grid businesses.

BOPET-Films - Recycled-PET-bottles

-Packaging under fire over sustainability concerns

Plastics’ ability to protect contents is weighed against urgency to buttress recycling infrastructure, find other approaches to handle end-of-life plastic.

recycling, discussions around plastics packaging have never been thornier.

To describe plastics packaging’s relationship with consumers and brand owners using a phrase made popular by Facebook’s status updates: “It’s complicated.”

One person on the front lines of what he and others characterize as a “war on plastics” is Scot Case, an executive at the National Retail Federation. He’s seen brand owners, retailers and consumers grapple with what sustainability means. As experts who have pondered packaging acknowledge, the questions go beyond just material or format, to issues about infrastructure, recycling, even food availability and freshness. BOPET-Films – Recycled-PET-bottles

“The question is, what is it you’re trying to optimize? And if consumers are choosing to optimize carbon footprint, you might get a different set of solutions than if consumers are trying to optimize single-use plastics,” said Case, the VP of corporate social responsibility and sustainability for NRF, the world’s largest retail trade association.

“The challenge is, if anyone looks at sustainability very narrowly, defining it in a way that only looks at one or two environmental or social impacts, you come up with a very different answer than if you try and take a more holistic approach. And the challenge is consumers are fickle. What’s important one day might not be important on another day.”

Mixed bag 

Single-use packaging also stirs mixed emotions in retired plastics engineer Laura Martin, who devoted part of her career to helping a major machine manufacturer develop its mold-making business for PET bottles.

Having lived near the spring that provided the water for some of the bottles, she regrets that the commodity became so popular.

“They have nice fresh spring water in that area, so, they were pumping water out of the ground, putting it in plastic bottles, shipping it to the grocery store up the road in Guelph [Ontario]. And I saw people in the supermarkets buy cases of bottled water that came from just down the road,” Martin said. “It strikes me as insane, and now those bottles end up on a beach somewhere, and they’re blaming the plastics industry.”  BOPET-Films – Recycled-PET-bottles

Plastics can be a wasteful, but also an opportunity, she and others pointed out.

Many people “don’t have access to fresh fruits and vegetables, and [food] packaging is integral to their daily life,” said Calvin Lakhan, an environmental scientist based in Ontario, who argues that packaging provides less-expensive food options to disadvantaged people.

Both he and Martin are members of Sustainable Packaging Research, Information, and Networking Group (SPRING), a think tank of experts with backgrounds in packaging, materials science, recycling and other fields who are united by a desire for sustainable solutions.

Expanding waste lines

The sight of a crumpled water bottle or fast-food wrappers on the pavement might give the impression that single-use packaging is everywhere, spending all but a brief moment of its life as anything other than litter. But plastic — stubbornly hovering at recycling rates of about 13 percent for packaging, or below, depending on the product — is far from the most common material in the trash stream.

BOPET-Films - Recycled-PET-bottles

-Saudi Arabia hikes July crude prices surprisingly high for Asia buyers

Saudi Arabia, the world’s top oil exporter, raised July crude oil prices for Asian buyers to higher-than-expected levels amid concerns about tight supply and expectations of strong demand in summer.

The official selling price (OSP) for July-loading Arab Light to Asia was hiked by $2.1 a barrel from June to $6.5 a barrel over Oman/Dubai quotes, just off an all-time-high recorded in May.  BOPET-Films – Recycled-PET-bottles

That was much higher than most market forecasts for an increase around $1.5. Only one respondent of six in a Reuters poll had predicted a jump of $2.

“The price jump is unexpected, especially the Arab Light. We are puzzled by the decision,” said an Asian oil trader.

The hike by state oil producer Saudi Aramco came despite an agreement by OPEC+ states to boost output by 648,000 barrels per day (bpd) in July and a similar amount in August in an effort to offset Russian supply losses. That compares with an initial plan to add 432,000 bpd a month over three months until September.

But the increases have been divided across member countries including Russia and states such as Angola and Nigeria which struggle to meet their targets, leading to fears that the actual boost to supply may fall short of official plans.

Countries in the northern hemisphere, such as the United States, typically kick off their driving seasons in July sending demand for gasoline surging. China, the world’s No.1 oil importer, is also re-opening some cities such as Shanghai after lengthy COVID-19 lockdowns.  BOPET-Films – Recycled-PET-bottles

BOPET-Films - Recycled-PET-bottles

-Thermore Group launches EVOdown made using recycled PET bottles

Italian firm, Thermore, which specializes in research, development and production of high-quality thermal insulation for apparel, has launched EVOdown, made of 100% recycled fibers from PET bottles. BOPET-Films – Recycled-PET-bottles

EVOdown is a rolled type of blow-in fibers that bridges the gap between free fibers and standard padding. It has an ultra-soft hand and luxurious drape. EVOdown bridges the gap between free fibers and traditional padding, delivering ultra-soft hand and luxurious drape of blow-in fibers in a rolled form.

Hybrid technology, as it’s known among consumers, offers increased production and manufacturing efficiency. EVOdown is the world’s unique product of its kind, consisting of millions of free fibers encased by two enclosing outer layers. EVOdown-made clothing will be lightweight and smooth to the touch, with unequaled ease of maintenance, according to the business in a press statement.

EVOdown Recycled-is another step toward sustainability for the Milan-based company, which has now transformed over 97 percent of its revenue into insulations created entirely or partially from recycled fibers. BOPET-Films – Recycled-PET-bottles

Thermore Group launches EVOdown made using recycled PET bottles

-Borealis received a binding offer from AGROFERT for the acquisition of nitrogen business

Borealis, one of the world’s leading providers of advanced and circular polyolefin solutions and a European market leader in base chemicals, fertilizers and the mechanical recycling of plastics, has received a binding offer from AGROFERT, a.s. for the acquisition of Borealis’ nitrogen business including fertilizer, melamine and technical nitrogen products, said the company. BOPET-Films – Recycled-PET-bottles

The offer values the business on an enterprise value basis at EUR 810 million. AGROFERT is a Czech-based group active in a number of industries in the countries of Central Europe, with activities spanning from chemicals and agriculture to food production. Generating a consolidated turnover of EUR 7.5 billion in 2021, the group comprises more than 200 companies and employs approximately 31.000. AGROFERT is also one of the leading European nitrogen fertilizer producers, with manufacturing facilities in Germany, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia.

By adding Borealis’ production assets in Austria, Germany and France as well as a comprehensive sales and distribution network utilising the Danube River, this business combination would well complement AGROFERT’s existing capabilities in serving its customers across Europe.

Borealis will initiate mandatory information and consultation procedures with employee representatives shortly. The transaction is also subject to certain closing conditions and regulatory approvals, with closing expected for the second half of 2022. Borealis will continue to focus on its core activities of providing innovative and sustainable solutions in the fields of polyolefins and base chemicals and on the transformation towards a circular economy.

As per MRC, Borealis and Austria’s leading energy company, VERBUND, are pleased to announce the installation of a new photovoltaic (PV) array at Borealis production location in Linz, Austria. The investment is in line with the Borealis aim to enhance the sustainability of its own operations while also supporting the Upper Austria Photovoltaic Strategy for 2030. Rooftop PV arrays are among the cleanest ways to generate renewable energy. BOPET-Films – Recycled-PET-bottles

We remind, Borealis (Vienna), a leading producer of polyolefins, has delayed the start-up of a new, world-scale propane dehydrogenation (PDH) plant at its existing production site at Kallo, Belgium, which is the company’s biggest investment in Europe, until Q3 2023, citing Covid-19. The plant in Kallo in the port of Antwerp was previously targeted to begin operations by the end of next year.

Borealis received a binding offer from AGROFERT for the acquisition of nitrogen business

BOPET-Films – Recycled-PET-bottles

rPET-trays – Chemical-recycling-technology 07-06-2022

Sort-plastic-waste – PET-Bottles-recycled 07-06-2022

Sort-plastic-waste – PET-Bottles-recycled

-We can sort plastic waste, but when it comes to recycling…

Of all the plastic waste that we are currently sorting, too little is recycled properly (or even at all). As a Chemist at Ghent University, Sibel Ügdüler is developing methods for high-quality recycling, which in her opinion could resolve a serious recycling problem. The industry is watching with interest.

“Plastic waste is a huge problem”, says Sibel Ügdüler, as a chemical expert and plastic specialist (in the faculty of Bioscience Engineering). “That’s why I am so pleased that I can have an impact on society with my research.”

Sibel is seeking and developing new ways to recycle plastic sustainably. With quality recycling she hopes to close the plastic circle, which is presently far from closed, despite the fact we pop our plastic waste so neatly into the blue plastic-recycling (PMD) bag. Her research, with which she recently gained her PhD, focuses on separating plastic layers that are stuck together and removing ink from plastic packaging .  Sort-plastic-waste – PET-Bottles-recycled

Sorting is not the same as recycling

In 1950, 1.5 million tons of plastic were produced worldwide; in 2018, that number rose to 359 million tons. If we wish to avoid drowning in that plastic soup we must improve our recycling.

“We would all like to believe that the plastic pots and film that we separate are recycled into new pots and foil”, says Sibel. “Unfortunately it is not the case.”

Not all plastic that is collected is actually reused. In 2020, 25 per cent of the plastic packaging waste in Europe was still thrown on the dump. 42 per cent ended up in the incinerator. The European Green Deal aims for 55 per cent of waste to be properly recycled by 2030. Sibel Ügdüler: “Preferably into premium plastic. But for many types of plastics this is still easier said than done.”

Colourful print and different layers

We do recycle PET bottles into new PET bottles. They are made of one type of plastic, which simplifies the recycling process. “Most other plastic packaging is colourfully printed, in order to appeal to consumers in the supermarket shelves. But also to communicate essential information about the product inside. All those colours make it simply impossible to recycle the packaging into transparent plastic.”

“On top of that, plastic packaging is often made of different layers of totally different types of plastic. This combination of layers is designed to keep the packaged food fresh for as long as possible. They are stuck tightly together. However, if you want to reconvert all those plastics or polymers into a premium material, you must start by separating them.” And that’s where the problem lies. Sort-plastic-waste – PET-Bottles-recycled

Sort-plastic-waste - PET-Bottles-recycled

-Germany’s chemicals hit hard by China lockdowns, automotive sentiment improves – Ifo

Lockdowns in China to contain the coronavirus pandemic have had a major impact on export-intensive industrial sectors in Germany such as chemicals, research institute Ifo said on Thursday.

On a brighter note, Ifo said sentiment in the petrochemicals-intensive automotive industry has improved as pressure on supply chains after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine ease and selling prices for vehicles remain high. Sort-plastic-waste – PET-Bottles-recycled


The two-month lockdown in China’s main industrial and logistics hub of Shanghai has greatly hurt several manufacturing German sectors, which have in exports a key end market.

In what was already a difficult environment for many industrial companies on the back of supply chain disruption globally, Ifo said that half of those already-pressured companies have reported further problems due to China’s lockdowns.

Following the strict lockdowns in China, companies surveyed by Ifo mentioned trouble sourcing inputs such as chemicals, electronic components, and plastics.

The hardest hit industry was automotive, with 82.6% of them reporting trouble.

“Industries such as automotive and chemicals as well as manufacturers of machinery and equipment and of electrical equipment, which are closely intertwined with the Chinese economy, have been hit the hardest,” said Lisandra Flach, director at the Ifo Center for International Economics. Sort-plastic-waste – PET-Bottles-recycled

China accounted for 9.5% of Germany’s trade in goods in 2021.

“ The results of a recent Ifo Institute survey show that 46% of [German] manufacturing companies rely on inputs from China,” added Flach.

Sort-plastic-waste - PET-Bottles-recycled

-World Environment Day: How are plastic pet bottles recycled into clothing?

Anjana Pasi, Director, MiniKlub explains the process of how PET bottles can be recycled and used to produce high-grade fibres.

Since the UN General Assembly designated June 5 as World Environment Day, it has served as a platform to raise awareness of the issues that we and our environment are facing. Whether it is air pollution, plastic pollution, sustainable consumption, or sea-level rise, environmental protection has become our top priority.

Plastic pollution has become a major concern in recent years. Plastic never decomposes; instead, it breaks down into tiny particles that end up in the ocean. It has a negative impact on the environment that may not appear to directly affect us, but it harms our mother earth and our health. Sort-plastic-waste – PET-Bottles-recycled

According to reports, the world produces more than 400 tonnes of plastic per year, with the vast majority of products not being recycled. Many brands have recently taken charge of the situation and begun recycling pet bottles into garments, which is one method of reducing waste generation making a world more environmentally friendly.

Anjana Pasi, Director, MiniKlub says “It’s just a small step that we are taking towards a sustainable nation. The collection made from recycled plastic is completely safe and skin-friendly. It is good for the environment since we are making new products from the old products which go into the garbage or are of no use to us.”

She goes on and explains the process of how PET bottles can be recycled and used to produce high-grade fibres. “The pure version of polyester textile is the ‘Recycled Polyester’. Recycled polyester is known to use PET as the raw material, the same material that is being used in clear plastic water bottles, and recycling it to make the fabric prevents it from going to landfills. Below are the steps involved in the production process of recycling the PET bottles:

The first and the foremost step involves the collection of PET bottles being sterilised, dried and later squeezed into small chips.

The chips are then heated and passed through a plate called a spinneret to form strings of yarn. Sort-plastic-waste – PET-Bottles-recycled

Sort-plastic-waste - PET-Bottles-recycled

-Smart coatings that perform innovative functions

Upgrading a textile surface by means of smart coatings that perform a wide range of innovative functions – this is what Textildruckerei Heinrich Mayer GmbH, Meßstetten-Unterdigisheim/Germany, characterizes as its core competence. The results are 3D ceramic hard coatings and hybrid textiles with printed actuator and sensor technology, along with personal protective equipment solutions.

The patented Cerapur product family is constantly expanding in accordance with customers’ individual wishes. The company is currently working on particularly tough and abrasion-resistant varieties. These new developments will be on show at the Techtextil in Frankfurt/Germany. Sort-plastic-waste – PET-Bottles-recycled

Another exhibit is the ESD Fibre X coating that prevents electronic discharges of the kind that must be avoided in electronics production. The patented conductive ceramic can be used on coordinated textile carriers such as ESD coateX as a seat surface.

For the personal protective equipment sector the corresponding exhibit will be a glove with printed functional surface areas such as the inside of the hand and fingers. The coating is applied in 2 steps. First comes the protective layer to provide the resilience required and then, immediately afterward, the printed coating that incorporates the necessary flexibility and sensitivity. The fingertips are especially tricky because they are the most demanding of stabbing and cutting protection the most exacting in terms of tactility.

The company demonstrates its competence in sensor and actuator technology by means of the inner surface of a car door. A textile carrier material is printed with a 3D heating paste consisting of carbon nanotubes. The result is textile surface heating that is easily activated by touch because the sensor technology is printed on the fabric at the same time, leaving room for further functionalities in that the heating paste is applied to the back of the textile. A window regulator is one possibility. A conductive carbon paste is applied to the front of the textile – and a gentle touch will promptly let in a breath of fresh air.  Sort-plastic-waste – PET-Bottles-recycled

Protecting, heating, lighting, conducting – for Mayer textiles are a material with enormous potential.

Sort-plastic-waste - PET-Bottles-recycled

-Caprolactam: upstream or downstream, long or short?

Striking contrast between CPL upstream and downstream

Since April, the market performance of the upstream and downstream of caprolactam market has been deviating continuously, and the strong performance of upstream and the weakness in downstream have formed a strong contrast.

According to feedback from many companies, the market in the second quarter of 2022 has seen the most acute conflict between upstream and downstream.

There are many reasons for weak demand, and the impact of the epidemic is the most important. In addition to its impact on China domestic consumer confidence and behavior, a large number of textile and apparel export orders have been transferred to Southeast Asia due to challenges to the stability of the supply chain. The epidemics in Shanghai and Jilin directly impacted the auto industry, and the auto production and sales were nearly halved from April to May.

Therefore, the current performance of each link of the industrial chain (downstream from nylon 6 chip) is bleak. Sort-plastic-waste – PET-Bottles-recycled

The strength of raw materials is mainly caused by external factors. In the past two years, due to the impact of the epidemic and war, the fragile global supply chain has continued to cause problems, and many commodities have been trending strongly, typical representatives are oil and grain, tight supply of which has caused many systemic problems, including the high cost pressure of CPL. Stronger oil prices directly pushed up the prices of naphtha and benzene. Due to the turbulent overseas environment, food security is particularly important in China this year. The increase in overseas food prices has driven China domestic fertilizer prices. As the main raw material of urea, the price of liquid ammonia has broken through historical highs in 2022. Both benzene and liquid ammonia hit the historical high, which caused huge cost pressure on CPL.

The recent strength of benzene is actually driven by another major factor in addition to oil prices, overseas aromatics production cut and the RMB depreciation. In the global market, especially in the U.S. market, the consumption of refined oil products is booming. In order to maximize the profit, the refinery output is more inclined to oil products, thus the output of aromatic olefin chemicals is reduced. Furthermore, some aromatics (such as toluene) can be used for oil blending, thus further cutting down the output of aromatics. As a result, the price of benzene continues rising up in the U.S. At meantime, China’s domestic demand is weak, and most of the downstream products of benzene suffer losses. China’s benzene price has become a depression in the global pure benzene price. With this diverged price trends, the Asia-US arbitrage window is open, and Asian supply flows to the US Gulf. Superimposed the depreciation of the RMB against the USD, the supply of imported goods to China has been significantly reduced. Therefore, the inventory of benzene in East China ports has continued to decline and RMB-based benzene prices have been driven up significantly. Sort-plastic-waste – PET-Bottles-recycled

Caprolactam: upstream or downstream, long or short?

-Teijin Frontier develops new chemical recycling technology for polyester fibers

Teijin Frontier Co. Ltd., the Teijin Group’s fibers and products converting company, announced that it has developed a recycling technology using a new depolymerization catalyst to recycle colored polyester fibers without losing the quality of polyester fibers made from petroleum-derived raw materials.

The new technology also lowers environmental load compared to conventional recycling. Sort-plastic-waste – PET-Bottles-recycled

The technology produces recycled materials equivalent to petroleum-derived polyester raw materials. Using a new depolymerization catalyst for the conventional bis (2-hydroxyethyl) terephthalate (BHET) method, spent polyester is chemically decomposed and purified back into BHET intermediate raw material before being repolymerized into polyester. The production process is simpler than using dimethyl terephthalate (DMT) and ethylene glycol in a transesterification reaction, so recycling is achieved with less energy consumption. Also, the new technology reuses resources such as wastewater, waste liquid and depolymerization catalysts.

Teijin Frontier will launch a pilot facility at its Matsuyama Plant this month and proceed with verification tests. It also will continue developing recycling technologies to improve the quality of recycled polyester raw materials and reduce environmental load. Aiming to realize a sustainable value chain for a circular economy, Teijin Frontier is working to establish a mechanism for sustainable fiber-to-fiber recycling of polyester in cooperation with partner companies and consortiums both in Japan and global. Sort-plastic-waste – PET-Bottles-recycled

Compared to material recycling, which melts and molds used products including polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles, DMT-based chemical recycling results in less deterioration of quality due to recycling, but its energy consumption is high.

Teijin Frontier develops new chemical recycling technology for polyester fibers

Sort-plastic-waste – PET-Bottles-recycled

PET-Recycling – Petrochemicals – Nylon6-chip 06-06-2022

rPET-trays – Chemical-recycling-technology 07-06-2022

rPET-trays – Chemical-recycling-technology

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime

-Using VACUREMA technology to produce 100 per cent rPET trays, Faerch has established a closed loop for PET food packaging

The now-established phrase ‘From niche to must-have’ describes how plastics recycling has evolved in recent years. Faerch, as a Denmark-based plastic packaging manufacturer and EREMA customer, has contributed to this by becoming the first company in the world to successfully integrate the recycling of European post-consumer PET household pots, tubs and tray packaging into its own production process. rPET-trays – Chemical-recycling-technology

Faerch is recognised as a leading manufacturer of food packaging, largely made from PET thermoforming film well suited to many applications, especially in the food sector. Faerch produces trays for ready meals, fresh meat, takeaway meals and packaging for dairy products for well-known food producers and trading companies around the world. The packaging must meet the highest quality standards for direct contact with food, and must meet special functional criteria.

A closed loop for food trays

The trays Faerch produces are fully recyclable and, depending on the PET type (CPET, MAPET or APET), are made of up to 100 per cent recycled post-consumer PET (rPET). This is because in comparison to bottle-to-bottle recycling, where the circular economy has been established, closing the material loop of PET trays has lagged behind.

Christoph Wöss, Business Development Manager at EREMA Group GmbH, said: “For us it was clear that with purpose-specific modification of our flexible VACUREMA technology, tray-to-tray recycling could become just as much of a success story. Faerch was our first customer to be as convinced of this as we were.”

At Faerch’s Netherlands-based recycling plant 4PET, PET bales obtained from collection and sorting companies throughout Europe are sorted, washed and recycled. Both post-consumer rPET flakes and pellets are supplied to packaging manufacturers and reused in the company’s own production, making Faerch the only integrated recycler in the world capable of recycling used household PET packaging on an industrial scale and turning them back into new trays, according to Thomas Bak Thellesen, Senior Director Group Sustainability and External Affairs: “Trays from all over Europe are recycled to make 1.2 billion PCR PET trays per year.

The aim is to quadruple the recycling capacity within the coming years.

Without any compromises in terms of food contact compliance and functional properties, quality and sustainability must go hand in hand for us, because this is the only way we can offer our customers circular packaging solutions and drive the change necessary to establish an infrastructure needed to achieve a real circular economy.” rPET-trays – Chemical-recycling-technology

rPET-trays - Chemical-recycling-technology

-Italy – Redundancy fund at Novamont di Terni
The company has decided to temporarily reduce the activity of the Polymer production center, where it produces bioplastics. The ordinary CIG has been requested since 1 July.
The Italian bioplastics producer Novamont has decided to temporarily reduce the production activity of the Polymer production center in Terni, placing workers on ordinary layoffs starting from next 1 July 2022 for a period that could last up to 13 weeks. rPET-trays – Chemical-recycling-technology

The company motivates the decision with the “persistence of a situation of strong uncertainty in the reference market and, despite the interventions implemented by the company to cope with the increase in the costs of raw materials and energy, the effects of war in Ukraine and the increasingly unsustainable situation of the site’s economic conditions “.
Going into more detail on the market difficulties, Novamont emphasizes the competition from fossil-based products with a high environmental impact, from Asia, sold “at prices that clearly suggest dumping actions” and the widespread illegality in the shopper and clothing market. products subject to the implementation in Italy of the SUP directive on disposable plastic products.
Novamont headquarters 400 The Novarese company also reports the perverse effect of the costs for the purchase of CO2 credits, which weigh on Novamont production, despite the fact that in 2021 the incidence of renewable raw materials reached 58% of production, with development of products whose significant contribution to decarbonisation is not considered for the purposes of calculating overall CO2 emissions. Especially considering that products of fossil origin from Asia do not have to pay any CO2 costs. rPET-trays – Chemical-recycling-technology
Finally, to worsen the situation, the situation of uncertainty is indicated for the entire bioindustries sector for the circular bioeconomy, “lacking a formal recognition that allows to identify the origin and economic and environmental value generated by the entire Italian supply chain”.
The Polymer site in Terni is Novamont’s main production center: it employs 124 people and produces biodegradable and compostable plastics Mater-Bi and Origo-Bi. Plants are also in operation in Bottrighe (RO) and Patrica (FR), while research laboratories are present in Novara, Terni and Piana di Monte Verna (CE). The Novara company also operates in Porto Torres through Matrìca, a 50/50 joint venture with Versalis (ENI).

Redundancy fund at Novamont di Terni

-Using VACUREMA-technology to produce 100 per cent rPET-trays, Faerch has established a closed-loop for PET-food-packaging

Italy – Redundancy fund at Novamont di Terni

-We can sort-plastic-waste, but when it comes to recycling

Germany’s chemicals hit hard by China lockdowns, automotive sentiment improves – Ifo

World-Environment-Day: How are plastic-pet-bottles-recycled into clothing?

Smart-coatings that perform innovative functions

Caprolactam: upstream or downstream, long or short?

Teijin-Frontier develops new chemical-recycling-technology for polyester-fibers

rPET-trays – Chemical-recycling-technology

PET-Recycling – Petrochemicals – Nylon6-chip 06-06-2022

Plastic-waste – PET-Recycling – Upcycle-car 06-06-2022

Plastic-waste – PET-Recycling – Upcycle-car

-Agilyx is rising to the mixed waste plastic challenge

Faced with the ever-mounting problem of plastic waste, consumers, organisations and governments around the world have called for industry solutions.  While recycling can offer an answer, not all plastics can simply be recycled. And in fact, only around 10% of waste plastics are recycled today worldwide. Chemical recycling company Agilyx is working to change that. “We’re trying to do something about a waste problem,” said the company’s chief commercial officer, Carsten Larsen. “To enable a circular model that allows plastic to be used and recycled, again and again.”

Founded almost two decades ago, Agilyx can rightly be viewed as one of the pioneers of what today is known as chemical  – or alternatively as advanced, feedstock or even molecular – recycling. Chemical recycling makes it possible to convert even hard-to-recycle mixed waste plastics into low-carbon feedstock  that can be used to make new raw materials that can be turned into plastics.

While the premise is extremely promising, in practice there are still hurdles to be overcome. The technology developed by Agilyx involves a process called pyrolysis and is not entirely uncontroversial. Plastic-waste – PET-Recycling – Upcycle-car

Environmental groups have denounced it, calling it polluting, energy intensive and even just a fancy way of saying that these waste streams are simply being incinerated. Proponents, on the other hand, point to the advantages it offers, particularly the ability to increase the recycling of plastics unable to be recycled with traditional recycling processes.

Plastic-waste - PET-Recycling - Upcycle-car

-Hyosung to Present Its Ocean Protection Initiative at Outdoor Retailer

Hyosung will present its Ocean Protection Initiative at the summer edition of the Outdoor Retailer trade show in DenverJune 9–11.

The South Korea–based fiber manufacturer that provides innovations and solutions to the textile industry aims to turn ocean trash into treasure with this initiative, which begins with the development of Hyosung’s MIPAN regen ocean nylon and regen ocean polyester, both made with ocean waste.

MIPAN regen ocean is Global Recycled Standard certified, made from 100 percent recycled nylon made from discarded fishing nets and other reclaimed nylon waste. Hyosung’s process to produce the yarn includes collection, chemical recycling and creation. Hyosung awaits its Ocean Bound Plastic certification in the near future. The OBP certification was created to transparently certify that plastic waste was properly collected and managed. Plastic-waste – PET-Recycling – Upcycle-car

Hyosung will also present a broad assortment of fabrics and concept garments at the Outdoor Retailer Summer Market that were developed by Hyosung’s Fashion Design Center to help developers and designers conceive garments made with innovative fibers, including creora regen, a GRS-certified 100 percent recycled spandex; creora bio-based spandex made with 30 percent dent corn; MIPAN regen robic, 100 percent recycled high-tenacity nylon; and regen xanadu, a mechanical-stretch fiber made from a blend of PET and corn-based materials.

“Cleaning up our oceans is of critical importance to Hyosung and many of our brand partners,” said Hyosung Global Marketing Director—Textiles Mike Simko. “Our ocean-based recycled-fiber offering will allow brands to develop eco-friendly products that align with their sustainability needs and also help provide them with a meaningful story their consumers can connect with.”

Plastic-waste - PET-Recycling - Upcycle-car

-How automakers upcycle waste into car parts

A brief look into the car industry’s pursuit of sustainable materials

A brief look into the car industry’s pursuit of sustainable materials

With the rising awareness of climate change, more and more sectors are looking into sustainability, the process of turning environmentally unfriendly materials into usable items.  Plastic-waste – PET-Recycling – Upcycle-car

The auto industry, being one of the major sources of greenhouse gas emissions, is no exception to this rule. From reclaimed wood to seat covers made from plastic bottles, the auto industry is working to turn otherwise landfill material into viable alternatives for other environmentally harmful resources.

Below are some ways the industry has succeeded in turning trash into treasure alongside a few they are actively pursuing.

Recycled plastic: From bottles to seats

Plastic waste, specifically polyethylene terephthalate (PET), is one of the biggest environmental hazards of modern times. Used to make single-use items such as shopping bags, soda bottles and straws, they are hard to dispose of and take an estimated 500 years to disintegrate (it still remains as micro or nano plastic).

National Geographic speculated that of the 8.3 billion metric ton of plastic humanity has created in the last six years, 6.3 billion metric ton have become plastic waste. Only nine per cent of which has been recycled. The vast majority—79 percent—is accumulating in landfills or sloughing off in the natural environment as littre.

The most common way carmakers recycle plastic is by turning them into interior upholstery. German automaker Audi is working on seats that are made with yarn produced from 89% ground up PET bottles. Conversely, American auto giant Ford already uses Repreve on some of their cars, which is a hybrid fibre made from recycled plastic water bottles and post-industrial waste.

Plastic-waste - PET-Recycling - Upcycle-car

-If nothing is done, humanity will produce three times more plastic waste in 2060

Plastic production and waste will increase sharply by 2060, even if strong framework measures are taken at the global level, warns this Friday, June 3 the OECD, while the UN recently launched negotiations to fight against this contamination.

“Significant threat to human health”: microplastics are also in the air

If nothing is done, the production of plastic will almost triple compared to 2019, from 460 million tonnes to 1,231 million tonnes, and that of plastic waste will increase in the same proportions, from 353 to 1,014 million tonnes. , according to this report on “Global Plastics Perspectives: Policy Scenarios to 2060”.

The UN launched negotiations in early March for a global treaty against plastic pollution, a scourge that threatens the environment and contributes to the collapse of biodiversity.  Plastic-waste – PET-Recycling – Upcycle-car

But the finalization of a text is not expected before 2024. The hundreds of millions of tons of waste produced each year, which degrades into microplastics, are found in all the oceans of the globe, in the sea ice, in the bodies of humans and animals, and even in air sampled from mountaintops.

Two scenarios

The OECD is evaluating two scenarios with reinforced measures covering the entire life cycle of plastics (production/use/recycling or disposal), as provided for in the mandate of the negotiators of the future international treaty.

The first scenario “regional action” provides for differentiated commitments by country, with more ambitious measures for those in the OECD, which are wealthier. The second, “global ambition”consider “a set of very rigorous measures intended to reduce global plastic discharges to a level close to zero by 2060”. But even in these two scenarios, the use of plastics and the production of waste are increasing sharply.

Plastic-waste - PET-Recycling - Upcycle-car

-Taking PET Recycling To The Next Level

Chains become smaller molecules

Evonik is building a platform ­technology for ­recycling of various polymers. Mechanical recycling is usually the first choice, supported by Evonik´s range of process chemicals. To date, the plastic polyethylene terephthalate (PET) has a very successful tradition of being mechanically recycled. The collected bottle grade PET is shredded, cleaned, melted down, and once again moulded into bottles. However, this process cannot be used with other PET grades, which are dirty, carry complex additives, or simply are at their life cycle end with regard to mechanical recycling.

Evonik is working to develop processes for these PET grades — and is thus making it possible to recycle entirely new material flows. The process development for these PET grades has already made good progress. In terms of the chemistry involved, this process is a transesterification with alkoxide catalysts: The PET raw material is combined with an alcohol and the catalyst and is then treated thermally. The resulting reaction produces a terephthalic ester and ethylene glycol. These compounds can be then used later for repolymerization and for the production of specialty chemicals.  Plastic-waste – PET-Recycling – Upcycle-car


-Global Plastics Outlook: Policy Scenarios to 2060

The amount of plastic waste produced globally is on track to almost triple by 2060, with around half ending up in landfill and less than a fifth recycled, according to a new OECD report. Plastic-waste – PET-Recycling – Upcycle-car

Global Plastics Outlook: Policy Scenarios to 2060 says that without radical action to curb demand, increase product lifespans and improve waste management and recyclability, plastic pollution will rise in tandem with an almost threefold increase in plastics use driven by rising populations and incomes. The report estimates that almost two-thirds of plastic waste in 2060 will be from short-lived items such as packaging, low-cost products and textiles.

“If we want a world that is free of plastic pollution, in line with the ambitions of the United Nations Environment Assembly, we will need to take much more stringent and globally co-ordinated action,” OECD Secretary-General Mathias Cormann said. “This report proposes concrete policies that can be implemented along the lifecycle of plastics that could significantly curb – and even eliminate – plastic leakage into the environment.”

The report (available as a preliminary version ahead of its full publication later this year) projects global plastics consumption rising from 460 million tonnes (Mt) in 2019 to 1,231 Mt in 2060 in the absence of bold new policies, a faster rise than most raw materials. Growth will be fastest in developing and emerging countries in Africa and Asia, although OECD countries will still produce much more plastic waste per person (238 kg per year on average) in 2060 than non-OECD countries (77 kg).

Globally, plastic leakage to the environment is seen doubling to 44 Mt a year, while the build-up of plastics in lakes, rivers and oceans will more than triple, as plastic waste balloons from 353 Mt in 2019 to 1,014 Mt in 2060. Most pollution comes from larger debris known as macroplastics, but leakage of microplastics (synthetic polymers less than 5 mm in diameter) from items like industrial plastic pellets, textiles and tyre wear is also a serious concern.

The projected rise in plastics consumption and waste will come despite an expected increase in the use of recycled plastic in manufacturing new goods as well as technological advances and sectoral economic shifts that should mean an estimated 16% decrease by 2060 in the amount of plastic required to create USD 1 of economic output. Plastic-waste – PET-Recycling – Upcycle-car

The share of plastic waste that is successfully recycled is projected to rise to 17% in 2060 from 9% in 2019, while incineration and landfilling will continue to account for around 20% and 50% of plastic waste respectively. The share of plastic that evades waste management systems – ending up instead in uncontrolled dumpsites, burned in open pits or leaking into the soil or aquatic environments – is projected to fall to 15% from 22%.

The new report builds on the OECD’s first Global Plastics Outlook: Economic Drivers, Environmental Impacts and Policy Options, released in February 2022. That first report found that plastic waste has doubled in two decades, with most ending up in landfill, incinerated or leaking into the environment. Since that report release, UN member states have pledged to negotiate a legally binding international agreement by 2024 to end

Global Plastics Outlook: Policy Scenarios to 2060

Plastic-waste – PET-Recycling – Upcycle-car

European-plastics-industry – MURA-recycling 04-06-2022

PET-Recycling – Petrochemicals – Nylon6-chip 06-06-2022

PET-Recycling – Petrochemicals – Nylon6-chips

-Nylon6-chips – PET-Resin – Petrochemicals

PET-Recycling - Petrochemicals - Nylon6-chips

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime

-SIBUR reorients sales from Europe to Turkey and Asia

SIBUR has reoriented its sales from Europe to Turkey and Asia, Interfax reported, citing the corporate newspaper Nizhnekamskneftekhim.

“It’s no secret that anti-Russian sanctions forced the company to rebuild almost all the work in a short time. To date, SIBUR has managed to agree with suppliers of raw materials on changing contract prices, and flexibility in sales logistics and expanding its presence in new markets has also helped, so that in general the company feels stable,” the newspaper reports.  PET-Recycling – Petrochemicals – Nylon6-chips

“Previously, SIBUR sold about 60% of products in the domestic market of Russia, 23% – to Europe, 6% – to Turkey, 7% – to China,” the newspaper recalled. “Now the volume of supplies to Europe is practically reduced to zero, the volumes were quickly redistributed to supplies for the markets of Turkey, China and other Asian countries.”

The company notes that a fairly large list of special chemicals, additives and catalysts is prohibited for import into Russia. PET-Recycling – Petrochemicals – Nylon6-chip

“Restrictions lead to a decrease in production volumes, and also narrow our brand range. At the moment, alternatives have been found, and thus the needs for 95% of the items of imported special chemicals have been closed. The search for analogues from Russia or friendly countries continues,” SIBUR said.

Earlier it was reported that SIBUR offers to replace imported analogues with the existing brand range, and also on the basis of SIBUR PolyLab develops new brands that meet the requirements of customers. At the moment, the demand for import-substituting polymer grades from processors from various industries is more than 140 thousand tons per year.  PET-Recycling – Petrochemicals – Nylon6-chips

SIBUR reorients sales from Europe to Turkey and Asia

Nylon6-chips – PET-Resin – Petrochemicals

SIBUR reorients sales from Europe to Turkey and Asia

Agilyx is rising to the mixed-waste-plastic challenge

Hyosung to Present Its Ocean-Protection-Initiative at Outdoor Retailer

-How automakers-upcycle-waste into car parts

-If nothing is done, humanity will produce three times more plastic-waste in 2060

-Taking PET-Recycling To The Next Level

Global-Plastics-Outlook: Policy Scenarios to 2060

PET-Recycling – Petrochemicals – Nylon6-chips

European-plastics-industry – MURA-recycling 04-06-2022

Nylon6-chips – PET-Resin – Petrochemicals 06/06/2022

Nylon6-chips – PET-Resin – Petrochemicals

Nylon6-chips - PET-Resin - Petrochemicals

ITEM 30/05/2022 06/06/2022 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 8,925 yuan/ton 9,400 yuan/ton +475
Bottle grade PET chips export market 1,245 $/ton 1,245 $/ton
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 7,850 yuan/ton 8,125 yuan/ton +275
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 7,925 yuan/ton 8,100 yuan/ton +175
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market

Nylon6-chips – PET-Resin – Petrochemicals

6,870 yuan/ton 7,180 yuan/ton +310
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 1,070 $/ton 1,115 $/ton +45
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 4,880 yuan/ton 5,025 yuan/ton +145
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 615 $/ton 642 $/ton +27
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market 1,282 $/ton 1,353 $/ton +71
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 1,262 $/ton 1,333 $/ton +71
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,443 $/ton 1,611 $/ton +168
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 8,430 yuan/ton 8,770 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,800 yuan/ton 7,900 yuan/ton +100
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 9,850 yuan/ton 10,100 yuan/ton +250
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F 9,500 yuan/ton 9,750 yuan/ton +250
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 9,000 yuan/ton 9,250 yuan/ton +250
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 8,500 yuan/ton 8,850 yuan/ton +350
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 15,300 yuan/ton 15,450 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 2,200 $/ton 2,180 $/ton -20
Nylon6 chips overseas  market 2,420 $/ton 2,400 $/ton -20
Nylon6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 15,800 yuan/ton 16,050 yuan/ton +250
Nylon6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market 16,250 yuan/ton 16,500 yuan/ton +250
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market

Nylon6-chips – PET-Resin – Petrochemicals

26,000 yuan/ton 26,000 yuan/ton
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 18,300 yuan/ton 18,650 yuan/ton +350
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 20,650 yuan/ton 21,000 yuan/ton- +350
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  18,850 yuan/ton 19,000 yuan/ton +150
Spandex 20D  domestic  market 61,000 yuan/ton 58,500 yuan/ton -2,500
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 52,000 yuan/ton 50,000 yuan/ton -2,000
Spandex 40D  domestic  market 44,000 yuan/ton 44,000 yuan/ton
Adipic Acid domestic market 11,900 yuan/ton 12,200 yuan/ton +300
Benzene domestic market 9,450 yuan/ton 9,900 yuan/ton +450
Benzene overseas  market 1,296 $/ton 1,411 $/ton +115
Ethylene South East market 1,150 $/ton 1,150 $/ton
Ethylene NWE  market 1,398 $/ton 1,427 $/ton +29
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market 11,300 yuan/ton 11,100 yuan/ton -200
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market

Nylon6-chips – PET-Resin – Petrochemicals

1,850 $/ton 1,800 $/tn -50
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 18,500 yuan/ton 18,500 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 15,030 yuan/ton 15,250 yuan/ton +220
PP Powder domestic market
9,680 yuan/ton 9,280 yuan/ton -400
Naphtha overseas market  882 $/ton867 855 $/ton
Phenol domestic market 10,580 yuan/ton 10,920 yuan/ton +340

Nylon6-chips – PET-Resin – Petrochemicals

Sustainable-Nylons-PCR-PIR – Sabic-foam 04-06-2022

Sustainable-Nylons-PCR-PIR – Sabic-foam

-Sustainable Nylons from PCR and PIR Recovery

RadiciGroup’s new Renycle line of nylon 6 and 66 now part of Matmatch online platform.

Global chemicals, plastics and synthetic fibers manufacturer RadiciGroup (U.S. office in Wadsworth, Ohio) is now offering a new line of sustainable nylons. The Renycle line includes nylon 6 resins obtained from post-consumer recycled (PCR) nylons and nylon 66 materials obtained from post-industrial recycled (PIR) nylons. These materials are the result of RadiciGroup’s long experience in PIR material technology along with its more recent experience in PCR recovery. The company’s sustainable family of Renycle nylons is also now on Matmatch, an online platform that helps designers and engineers search for the most suitable materials for their design needs.

The Renycle materials are the result of a careful selection of incoming raw materials and an advanced mechanical characterization both from the point of view of mechanical, chemical, physical and electrical performance and in reference to the reduction of the environmental impact in comparison with products with 100% virgin polymer (LCA comparison). Sustainable-Nylons-PCR-PIR – Sabic-foam

In addition to the materials, Radici offers customer CAE services which aim to virtually reproduce both the material molding process and the mechanical, thermal or other kind of solicitations that the part will be subjected to under use conditions. Everything possible is done to predict the behavior of the materials from the very early stages of product development.

Sustainable Nylons from PCR and PIR Recovery

-Oerlikon Barmag – Focus On Eccentric Screw Pumps And Pumps For Shear-Sensitive Materials

Improved productivity and increased lifespan and tailored solutions also for the most demanding applications within the chemicals and plastics industries and in PUR applications – these are the convincing arguments with which Oerlikon Barmag is showcasing its precision metering pumps at this year’s ACHEMA between August 22 and 26, 2022 in Frankfurt (Hall 8.0, Stand E4). The focus is on the new pump for shear-sensitive conveying media and the new eccentric screw pump.

Eccentric screw pumps – robust all-rounders convey any medium

The requirements for pumps are considerable, as the demand for customized solutions for increasingly complex processes is rising. This is particularly true for Oerlikon Barmag’s new eccentric screw pump range. High wear-resistance, increased durability and robust operation – the new pump is tailormade for conveying highly-filled, high-viscosity and abrasive media, such as filled adhesives, filled silicones and filled casting compounds, for example. Sustainable-Nylons-PCR-PIR – Sabic-foam

The is the multi-stage seal system, which considerably increases the pump’s lifespan. The upstream shaft sealing ring protects the slide ring seal against excessively-fast wear caused by challenging media. In turn, the optimum alignment of the drive shaft – ball bearing-supported and centrally-guided through the shaft sealing ring – prevents any metal debris caused by friction and hence ensures considerably greater durability. Producers benefit from considerably greater productivity, as the pumps’ maintenance intervals and hence machine downtimes are significantly reduced.

New pump for shear-sensitive materials

For increasingly complex customer-specific process solutions, Oerlikon Barmag is now expanding its GA series, developed especially for the challenging conveying of high-viscosity media, to include the GAB51F for shear-sensitive conveying media.

Sustainable-Nylons-PCR-PIR - Sabic-foam

-Overcoming today’s supply chain bottlenecks

Tomra calls for closing the loop on PET beverage containers, recognising that there is more to be done. Now political framework, bold decisions and smart investments in collecting, sorting and recycling should be used to improve circularity across all material streams and to overcome today’s supply chain bottlenecks, states the recycling technologies provider.

“We have an obligation to work with all stakeholders to reduce the mountains of waste and transform them into the valuable resources they are”, Tomra’s CEO and President Tove Andersen stated at the company’s press conference held at Ifat. “Although there has been considerable progress in recycling, the pandemic and the ongoing war in Europe have shown us that there is an urgency to decrease dependency on primary materials. Sustainable-Nylons-PCR-PIR – Sabic-foam

Today, we invest approximately 10% of our revenues in future-oriented activities to increase resource efficiency, advancing the market for circular solutions, which we are well-positioned to do. We have the technology capable of maximising collection and recovery rates. We can act now, optimise waste management practices and fill existing gaps”, concludes Andersen.

Having established benchmarks for climate policy worldwide, the European Green Deal, coupled with binding regulations and guidelines for producers and manufacturers, drive the acceleration to a circular economy. Tomra urges all participants in the value chain to see these specifications as an opportunity and to support their implementation. “We have learned that mandatory legislation is necessary in order to achieve goals and create markets,” Dr. Volker Rehrmann, EVP and Head of Tomra Recycling/Mining and Circular Economy, explains. “However, before we can recycle larger volumes we need to collect as much as possible. There are well-functioning collection systems in place, but it is still not enough. Every day we lose valuable resources to landfill and incineration where they are buried and burned. This is low-hanging fruit and the material must be collected, recovered and recycled.”

Maximising material circularity is not restricted to plastics. There are more material streams to close the loop on, such as metals and wood. “We must pay equal attention to these recyclables to support reaching the EU’s climate neutrality goals set for 2050”, said Tom Eng, SVP and Head of Tomra Recycling. For example, the demand for aluminium is expected to grow by 40% by 2050, a challenge for aluminium producers with limited production capacities in Europe. The good news is that recycled aluminium plays a critical role on the way to a decarbonised world and supports producers’ quest to increase recycled content and their environmental commitments. Sustainable-Nylons-PCR-PIR – Sabic-foam

Sustainable-Nylons-PCR-PIR - Sabic-foam

-Phillips 66 taps FreeWire Technologies to support its first EV charging program in U.S.

Phillips 66 signed a letter of intent with FreeWire Technologies in support of its first electric-vehicle charging program in the United States, the two companies announced.

The announcement highlights Phillips 66’s commitment to pursue lower-carbon solutions and comes as an endorsement of FreeWire’s ultrafast, battery-integrated charging technology. The two companies will explore opportunities to deploy FreeWire’s technology within Phillips 66’s U.S. fueling stations and other strategic locations. Sustainable-Nylons-PCR-PIR – Sabic-foam

“With EV adoption growing, Phillips 66 is working with FreeWire to bring consumers electric fueling stations that meet their expectations for high-speed, on-the-go charging,” said Pam McGinnis, Vice President, Global Marketing at Phillips 66.

FreeWire joined Phillips 66 at its branded marketer conference in Las Vegas this week to showcase the agreement. Phillips 66 plans to expand its base of electric fueling stations by leveraging its retail network of approximately 7,000 U.S. sites using the Phillips 66, 76 and Conoco brands.

“We are thrilled to play a leading role in Phillips 66’s electrification plans that unlock new customer relationships with EV drivers,” said Arcady Sosinov, FreeWire Founder and CEO. “As charging demand continues to surge, our battery-integrated chargers offer the streamlined, shovel-ready solution that many entering the EV charging space are looking for.”

FreeWire’s Boost Charger offers an attractive alternative to costly and time-intensive upgrades to electrical grid and power infrastructure of an individual site. It connects to existing infrastructure without burdensome construction costs and permitting restraints.

As per MRC, Chevron and ExxonMobil have signed separate agreements with state energy company PT Pertamina to explore lower carbon business opportunities in Indonesia. Chevron signed an MoU through its subsidiary, Chevron New Ventures Pte. Ltd, and is looking at potential businesses in new geothermal technology, carbon offsets through nature-based solutions, carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS), Pertamina said. Sustainable-Nylons-PCR-PIR – Sabic-foam

Phillips 66 taps FreeWire Technologies to support its first EV charging program in U.S.

-Sabic to Showcase Innovative Foam and Lightweight Products at Foam Expo

The company offers more than 20 foam products based on PP, EVA, PE, PS, and PU resins, as well as elastomers.

Sabic will be exhibiting its portfolio of innovative foam and lightweight solutions for the first time at Foam Expo North America from June 28 to 30 in Novi, MI. Sabic offers more than 20 foam products based on PP, EVA, PE, PS, and PU resins, as well as elastomers. Sustainable-Nylons-PCR-PIR – Sabic-foam

At booth 2702, Sabic will be showcasing a variety of end applications made using its foam and lightweight materials for the mobility, packaging, and construction markets. These include trunk liners, PP planks, and water shields made of Sabic’s PP-UMS resin, a new generation of ultra-melt strength and foamable polypropylene.

Sabic PP-UMS is unique in the market, with a melt strength of more than 65 cN leading to outstanding foamability, said the company. It is a building block to develop new foaming solutions that can enable lightweighting and potential cost optimization. Other applications to be showcased at the booth will highlight the value of Sabic resins applied in particle foams, foam injection molding, foam blow molding, and foam extrusion.

“Our knowledge and expertise in foam technologies and markets, and in-depth understanding of the value chain and its needs, has been translated into one of the broadest resin portfolios in the industry,” said Abdullah Al-Otaibi, ETP & Market Solution General Manager at Sabic.

Sustainable-Nylons-PCR-PIR - Sabic-foam

-Anaergia biomethane facility to produce 2,190,000 cubic metres of renewable natural gas yearly

Anaergia Inc. has commissioned a new biomethane facility in Italy, the Calimera Bio plant in the Province of Lecce. The facility is the second of seven facilities Anaergia is building which together will form one of the largest food waste to biomethane platforms in Europe.

The Calimera Bio facility has the capacity to anaerobically digest 24,000 metric tons of landfill-diverted food scraps and other organic waste each year and to convert this waste into 2,190,000 cubic meters of renewable natural gas (“RNG” or “biomethane”) that will be injected into the region’s natural gas pipelines. The new plant will also treat the digestate that remains after the anaerobic digestion process to create 9,000 tons of high-quality natural fertilizer per year. Anaergia was the technology provider for the project and owns 60 percent of the facility. Anaergia’s partner in this plant is a regional waste management company. Sustainable-Nylons-PCR-PIR – Sabic-foam

“With six biomethane plants opening in Italy, Anaergia is well-positioned to help meet the growing demand in Europe for biomethane, the European term for renewable natural gas,” said Andrew Benedek, chairman and CEO at Anaergia. “We are proud of these facilities because they will help Europe meet its ambitious climate change goals as well as its energy security objectives. Given these drivers, we hope to build many more such plants.”

The commissioning of the new Calimera plant comes on the heels of the European Commission’s pledge of €37 billion to increase biomethane production in the EU, as part of its €300 billion RePowerEU plan to stop Russian energy imports and move to green energy by the end of the decade. The commission is proposing an action plan to achieve 35 billion cubic meters of annual biomethane production by 2030.

In addition, last week the G7 Ministers of Climate, Energy and the Environment highlighted the importance of cutting methane emissions, citing “opportunities to mitigate methane emissions from the waste sector, primarily by diversion of organic waste from landfills . . . and waste-to-fuel technologies to produce renewable methane from organic waste, agricultural residues, and biomass . . .”

Sustainable-Nylons-PCR-PIR - Sabic-foam

Sustainable-Nylons-PCR-PIR – Sabic-foam

DuPont-Biomaterials – PET-supply-chain 03-06-2022

European-plastics-industry – MURA-recycling 04-06-2022

European-plastics-industry – MURA-recycling

-K 2022 – Trend Report: European plastics industry braces for increased instability, higher prices, and lower growth

The European plastics industry is tackling challenges on multiple fronts. In packaging, by far its biggest market, it has become a victim of its own success, particularly as the ideal material for single-use applications and people on the move. In building and construction, some infrastructure projects may go on hold as governments divert some funds away from infrastructure projects to defence, although business is being boosted as consumers get help to improve energy efficiency in their houses. In automotive, component suppliers are suffering because car makers have been cutting production – not as a reaction to reduced demand, but because they cannot obtain the chips they need for their electronics.

Since early 2019, COVID-19 has had major effects on production, occasionally positive but mostly negative. And now, just as Europe and the rest of the world was recovering from the devastating two years of the pandemic, we have the tragedy of the Ukraine conflict. European-plastics-industry – MURA-recycling

Discussing the situation in late March, Martin Wiesweg, Executive Director Polymers EMEA at consultant IHS Markit, said that, quite apart from causing a humanitarian disaster, the crisis is weighing heavy on the plastics business, in terms of cost inflation, the worsening of supply chain bottlenecks, including energy supply, while also raising the spectre of demand shock amid the fear of global stagflation.

Inflation across the EU hit an all-time high of 7.5% in March. S&P Global Economics said on March 30 that it expects eurozone growth to be 3.3% this year, compared to 4.4% in a previous forecast, and inflation to reach 5% this year and stay above 2% in 2023.

European machinery makers in good shape

The picture is bright with European plastics equipment suppliers. Thorsten Kühmann, Secretary General of EUROMAP, Europe’s Association for plastics and rubber machinery manufacturers, said in March that member companies’ order books were “filled to the brim. The current year will therefore be another very good year. We expect sales to increase by 5 to 10%.” However, here too, rising prices and now the war in Ukraine are increasing uncertainty.

Dario Previero is president of Amaplast, the association of Italian producers of plastics and rubber machinery and moulds. At the end of last year, he said: “According to our estimates, at the close of 2021 production should be a hair’s breadth from pre-pandemic levels, up 11.5% with respect to 2020. The clear recovery recorded in 2021 gives us good reason to expect performance beyond pre-crisis levels in 2022.”  European-plastics-industry – MURA-recycling

Ulrich Reifenhäuser, CSO of Reifenhäuser Group and also chair of the K exhibitor advisory board, says the company has “an extraordinarily positive” order backlog for the current year.

K 2022 – Trend Report: European plastics industry braces for increased instability, higher prices, and lower growth

-KBR announces investment in Mura Technology to advance the plastics circular economy

KBR, pleased to announce it has entered into an agreement to invest an additional USD100 million in Mura Technology (“Mura”) bringing KBR’s aggregate investment in Mura to 18.5%, said the company.

This investment provides Mura incremental capital to accelerate development of its plastics recycling projects and enables KBR to participate more fully in this sustainability-focused, high growth sector.

Funding is expected in two tranches with the first payment in the quarter ended June 30, 2022 and the remainder in 2023. European-plastics-industry – MURA-recycling

“Building on our strong partnership of collaboration and innovation, we are very excited to announce our expanded investment in Mura,” said Stuart Bradie, KBR President and CEO. “With a strategic approach to commercializing and scaling its proprietary, differentiated plastics recycling solution, Mura is very well positioned for profitable growth and value creation as the plastics circular economy develops and matures.”

Mura’s mission is to commercialize its differentiated plastics recycling solution to enable a plastic-neutral, sustainable future by providing an end-to-end process to convert mixed waste plastic back to high quality chemical feedstocks. Targeting 1,000,000 tonnes of annual recycling capacity in operation or development by 2025, Mura licenses its technology through KBR to a global client base and is also developing its own portfolio of global sites.

In early 2021, KBR entered into an alliance to become Mura’s exclusive licensing partner, broadening the addressable market and customer access for this highly differentiated plastics recycling technology. Together, KBR and Mura have won numerous license awards and feasibility studies. This alliance has also produced advances in process technology innovation such as closed loop power, water recycling, modularization and digital operating solutions. Through this partnership, KBR may also expand its engagement on Mura’s own projects to provide advanced engineering, program management and integration expertise.

A circular economy, in which plastics are reused, remade, and recycled, could slash CO2 emissions by almost 40% across the globe.

Mura’s plastics recycling solution will play a central role in a global circular economy by providing an innovative new way to recycle all forms of end-of-life plastic, many of which would otherwise be incinerated, sent to landfill, or leak into the environment as plastic pollution, helping to eliminate unnecessary single-use plastic and cut carbon emissions. European-plastics-industry – MURA-recycling

European-plastics-industry - MURA-recycling

K2022 – Trend Report: European-plastics -ndustry braces for increased instability, higher prices, and lower growth

KBR announces investment in Mura-Technology to advance the plastics-circular-economy

Sustainable-Nylons from PCR and PIR-Recovery

Oerlikon-Barmag – Focus On Eccentric-Screw-Pumps And Pumps For Shear-Sensitive Materials

-Overcoming today’s supply chain bottlenecks

Phillips-66 taps FreeWire-Technologies to support its first EV-charging program in U.S.

Sabic to Showcase Innovative-Foam and Lightweight-Products at Foam-Expo

Anaergia biomethane facility to produce 2,190,000 cubic metres of renewable-natural-gas yearly

European-plastics-industry – MURA-recycling

DuPont-Biomaterials – PET-supply-chain 03-06-2022

DuPont-Biomaterials – PET-supply-chain 03-06-2022

DuPont-Biomaterials – PET-supply-chain

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime

-Linde Engineering to extend Slovnaf polypropylene capacity in Slovakia

Linde Engineering announced it has been selected by Slovnaft, a member of the MOL Group, a leading integrated Central Eastern European oil and gas corporation, to conduct a complex large-scale revamp of a polypropylene (PP3) plant in Bratislava, Slovakia, said Hydrocarbonprocessing.

The revamp will extend the plant’s capacity by 18 percent to 300 kilotons of polypropylene per year, and the storage facility will be expanded from the current 45 to 61 silos in total. The revamped plant has been designed to offer a higher degree of operational flexibility by producing multiple product grades and utilizing intermediate storage to ensure just-in-time production.

Furthermore, the project will incorporate environmental measures to capture waste gas streams in compliance with local regulations. “The revamp will enable Slovnaft to meet rising demands from the polyolefin processing industry. The project is challenging given its complexity: Interdependency with other process facilities allows only a narrow time frame for a shutdown. With our proven expertise and best-in-class services, we will be able to complete all installation works, including construction, commissioning and testing,” said Juergen Nowicki, CEO Linde Engineering.DuPont-Biomaterials – PET-supply-chain

Several studies performed by Linde Engineering between 2016 and 2020 laid the foundation for Slovnaft’s investment decision. “One of the goals of our updated 2030+ strategy is to reduce the production of fossil fuels and strengthen the production of basic plastics. Linde Engineering is our reliable partner. Less than 20 years ago, the company built the PP3 polypropylene production unit in Slovnaft and now it will renovate and modernize it,” said Gabriel Szabo, Executive Vice President of Downstream at MOL Group.

DuPont-Biomaterials - PET-supply-chain

-DuPont completes divestiture of Biomaterials business

DuPont announced completion of the previously-announced sale of its Biomaterials business unit, effective May 31, 2022, to the Huafon Group for a purchase price of approximately USD240 mln, said the company.

The results of operations of the Biomaterials business unit were previously reported in Corporate & Other. For full year 2021, the Biomaterials business unit recorded net sales of approximately USD200 million. DuPont-Biomaterials – PET-supply-chain

DuPont is a global innovation leader with technology-based materials and solutions that help transform industries and everyday life. Our employees apply diverse science and expertise to help customers advance their best ideas and deliver essential innovations in key markets including electronics, transportation, construction, water, healthcare and worker safety.

As MRC reported earlier, DuPont is to invest around USD5 m at facilities in Germany and Switzerland to increase capacity for automotive adhesives. The investment will expand capacity to support growing demand for advanced mobility solutions for vehicle electrification. New equipment has been delivered and installed that will increase manufacturing capacity as well as accelerate delivery of product samples to customers.

We remind that DuPont is also investing USD400 million in the production capacity of Tyvek nonwoven fabric made from high density polyethylene (HDPE) at its site in Luxembourg. A new building and a third work line at the production site will be constructed. The launch of new facilities was scheduled for 2021.

Founded in 1991 and headquartered in Ruian, China, the Huafon Group has been innovating to provide new material solutions globally in multiple industries by promoting sustainability, safety, technology and quality. Huafon Group is one of the largest manufacturers of polyurethane (PU) materials in the world with broad product portfolio in adipic acid, polyester polyols, spandex filament, microfiber material,TPU, polyamide etc DuPont-Biomaterials – PET-supply-chain

DuPont completes divestiture of Biomaterials business

Linde-Engineering to extend Slovnaf-polypropylene capacity in Slovakia

DuPont completes divestiture of Biomaterials-business

-Polyester-market waiting for the dawn amid difficulties

US, Japanese Firms Partner to Provide Carbon-Negative-PP-Compounds

-Why sales of polyester-filament-yarn continue improving?

Axens and Toray-Films-Europe are announcing their collaboration on a PET-chemical-recycling facility in France

Tomra calls on PET-supply-chain to close-the-loop

-Ukraine’s GDP fell by 35%

DuPont-Biomaterials – PET-supply-chain

Microplastics-and-PET – Textile-recycling 02-06-2022

Polyester-yarn – PET-chemical-recycling 03-06-2022

Polyester-yarn – PET-chemical-recycling

-Polyester market waiting for the dawn amid difficulties

Polyester market was in difficulty in May: macro market was volatile, demand remained meager and players held mildly recovering mindset, waiting for the dawn amid hardship.

In terms of macro, price of crude oil rose strongly again, supporting polyester industrial chain. On the other hand, the RMB exchange rate fluctuated greatly. Under such circumstance, players’ mindset was unsteady.

As for the market fundamentals, the spread of pandemic has been eased, while demand sustained mild. Downstream plants failed to follow the uptrend on feedstock market. Coupled with huge losses, the operating rate of downstream plants started falling from the second half of May. Polyester-yarn – PET-chemical-recycling

Actually, polyester market witnessed improving performance compared with Apr. Polyester companies actively traced the uptrend on feedstock market after slashing production in Apr. Prices climbed up on the whole. Price of PSF dropped after supply recovered but overall trading price still moved up on the month.

However, the improvement was very limited. The polyester polymerization rate hit periodical low in mid-Apr at 78% while started ascending later but the increase was slow, which was above 83% in end-May.

The inventory of PFY was still as high as one month around and that of PSF was relatively low but may rise after supply recovered. In fact, downstream market of PFY and PSF was very weak now. Polyester-yarn – PET-chemical-recycling

Polyester-yarn - PET-chemical-recycling

-US, Japanese Firms Partner to Provide Carbon-Negative PP Compounds

Newlight Technologies’ AirCarbon resins, based on polyhydroxybutyrate produced from methane by microorganisms, will be incorporated into the PP compounds by Sumitomo Chemical. Polyester-yarn – PET-chemical-recycling

Japan’s Sumitomo Chemical and California-based Newlight Technologies have begun joint development of polypropylene (PP) compounds for use in automobiles and textile applications using a carbon-negative biomaterial produced by microorganisms from methane called AirCarbon, which is based on polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB).

In this joint project, Newlight Technologies will develop new grades of AirCarbon suitable for use in automotive and textile applications, sourcing methane emissions captured and recovered from coal mining, agricultural, and industrial operations as the starting point for its production process.

Sumitomo Chemical will develop new compounds by blending resins from Newlight Technologies with PP. The materials will be used to manufacture automotive bumpers and interiors matching the quality of conventional PP compounds while lowering the environmental impact. The compounds also will be used in textiles that can be dyed.

Newlight Technologies has developed the world’s first commercialized biomaterial made from methane as a carbon source utilizing methanotrophs, microorganisms that exist in nature that metabolize methane. Third-party organizations have certified that the carbon footprint of AirCarbon is significantly negative when produced using renewable sources of energy for electric power. Newlight Technologies started operation of the world’s first commercial-scale manufacturing plant for AirCarbon in 2020, and has been supplying the biomaterial to a variety of customers.

Noriaki Takeshita, Representative Director and Senior Managing Executive Officer, Sumitomo Chemical, said: “Our PP compounding business is actively promoting the use of recycled PP to contribute to building a circular economy. By leveraging AirCarbon from Newlight Technologies, we will provide carbon-negative PP compounds to our customers.” Polyester-yarn – PET-chemical-recycling

Polyester-yarn - PET-chemical-recycling

-Why sales of polyester filament yarn continue improving?

Sales of polyester filament yarn (PFY) continued improving since last Friday, with sales ratio at 370%, 130% and 160% on last Friday, this Monday and Tuesday by P.M.3:00 respectively. Why can sales of PFY keep rising amid sluggish downstream market?  Polyester-yarn – PET-chemical-recycling

Prices of PFY rapidly climbed up in May, with increment at above 1,000yuan/mt by end-May. However, price of grey fabric was hard to advance. There was no orders after offers increased in some plants. In addition, sales were mainly under previous price when orders were placed. DTY market witnessed similar performance. Price of POY rose much more than that of DTY. Fabric mills and DTY producers saw apparently increasing losses in May. Under such circumstance, downstream buyers showed bigger resistance to rising raw material prices from the second half of May and presented stronger intention to cut production. The operating rate of downstream plants dropped again, with the run rate of fabric mills down by 12 percentage points from early-May to 52% last week and that of DTY plants falling by 15 percentage points to 63% compared with early-May.

With strong resentment and slipping operating rate, why can sales of PFY continue increasing? Downstream plants did not see obviously better orders and were under losses based spot raw material price, while sales of PFY were good, really hitting expectation. The root may be changing attitude toward feedstock price trend. Some downstream companies gradually accepted high-priced PFY.

Polyester-yarn - PET-chemical-recycling

-Axens and Toray Films Europe are announcing their collaboration on a PET chemical recycling facility in France

Axens, worldwide provider of technologies, products and services, and Toray Films Europe, a leading company in engineering plastics films, are announcing their collaboration to study a PET chemical recycling facility at Toray Films Europe production site in Saint-Maurice-de-Beynost (Ain, France).

New units based on Axens’ Rewind PET technology will be coupled with Toray Films Europe’s existing polymerisation plant in order to recycle annually 80,000 tons of difficult-to-recycle PET plastic waste. Joined efforts of both parties in their domain of expertise will allow the emergence of competencies for chemical recycling circularity.

Post consumers PET plastic waste that cannot be mechanically recycled and are currently down-cycled, incinerated or landfilled, are intended to be converted into high-quality Circular PET chips, closing the loop for this material with potentially infinite recycling. Polyester-yarn – PET-chemical-recycling

Rewind PET process, developed by IFP Energies nouvelles, Axens and Jeplan, involves an optimised – glycolysis based – PET depolymerisation combined with specific purification steps aiming at removing all organic and inorganic compounds present in waste PET, including colourants and pigments. The product is a purified BHET (BHET: Bis(2-HydroxyEthyl) Terephthalate) monomer. BHET monomer will then be processed in Toray Films Europe existing continuous polymerisation plant to produce up to 100% recycled transparent food contact PET for films, fibre and bottles applications.

Polyester-yarn - PET-chemical-recycling

-Tomra calls on PET supply chain to close the loop

“We have an obligation to work with all stakeholders to reduce the mountains of waste and transform them into the valuable resources they are,” said Tomra CEO and President Tove Andersen speaking at that company’s press conference at the IFAT exhibition taking place this week in Munich, Germany.

Tomra, a company specialised in sophisticated sensor-based sorting systems for recycling, has long worked to promote and develop increasingly more accurate PET sorting processes with the help of advanced technology.

Tomra currently invests approximately 10% of its revenues in future-oriented activities to increase resource efficiency, advancing the market for circular solutions.

What’s needed, however, are a clear political framework, bold decisions and smart investments to improve circularity across all material streams and to overcome today’s supply chain bottlenecks. Polyester-yarn – PET-chemical-recycling

As Andersen pointed out, first the pandemic and now the Ukraine war have thrown the need and urgency to decrease dependency on primary materials into sharp relief.

“We have the technology capable of maximising collection and recovery rates. We can act now, optimise waste management practices and fill existing gaps,” she concluded.

The European Green Deal, together with binding regulations and guidelines for producers and manufacturers, are propelling the transition to a circular economy forward. Polyester-yarn – PET-chemical-recycling

Tomra urges all participants in the value chain to see these specifications as an opportunity and to support their implementation.

Tomra calls on PET supply chain to close the loop

-Ukraine’s GDP fell by 35%

Ukraine’s direct losses from the war with Russia exceed USD600 billion, Ukrinform reported, citing a statement by the head of the Office of the President Andriy Yermak.

Speaking at a meeting of the Foreign Affairs and Defence Committee of the Irish Parliament, he said: “It is very difficult for us now. Because of the fighting, 5 million people left the country. As many more internally displaced people, tens of thousands of civilians have died as a result of the Russian invasion. The war took 35% of Ukraine’s GDP. We lost more than 200 factories. Our direct losses already exceed USD600 billion.”  Polyester-yarn – PET-chemical-recycling

At the same time, he stressed that, despite everything, Ukraine continues to defend itself, fierce fighting continues in the east and south.

“We have to win. Otherwise, Ukraine will simply disappear as a nation and as a state. Our victory is closer the more assistance the international community provides. Any – military-technical, political, financial or humanitarian,” the head of the OP said.

Yermak added that an extremely great support for Ukraine in deterring aggression is the tightening of sanctions pressure on Russia.

The leaders of the European Union countries agreed on the sixth package of sanctions against the Russian Federation, providing for a partial embargo on the import of Russian oil and the disconnection of Sberbank from the SWIFT system.

The international rating agency Moody’s predicts that by the end of 2022, Ukraine’s gross domestic product will decrease by 35%. Moody’s estimates that regions where there is fighting or occupied by Russian troops accounted for about 20% of Ukraine’s GDP before the invasion, given the concentration of agricultural activities and industry.  Polyester-yarn – PET-chemical-recycling

Ukraine's GDP fell by 35%

Polyester-yarn – PET-chemical-recycling

Microplastics-and-PET – Textile-recycling 02-06-2022

Microplastics-and-PET – Textile-recycling 02-06-2022

Microplastics-and-PET – Textile-recycling

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime

-Alpek concludes acquisition of Octal

Alpek, S.A.B. de C.V. announced that it has received all necessary approvals from the regulatory authorities and has finalised its acquisition of Octal Holding SAOC.

Pursuant to the purchase agreement, Alpek acquired 100% of the shares of Octal for U.S. $620 million on a debt-free basis. Financing was secured through a mix of free cash flow generated from existing businesses and dedicated bank loans.

Alpek will assume control of Octal’s operations starting on June 1, 2022. The company expects an accretive EBITDA effect of approximately U.S. $120 million from these assets throughout the remainder of 2022, largely based on the better-than-expected polyester market conditions prevalent in recent months.

This would increase the company’s comparable EBITDA Guidance to U.S. $1,370 million and Reported EBITDA Guidance to U.S. $1,485 million

“We are pleased to have concluded this acquisition ahead of the expected timeline,” stated José de Jesús Valdez, Alpek’s CEO. Microplastics-and-PET – Textile-recycling

“We are excited to welcome Octal’s management team and employees into our family, leveraging their long-standing relationships with customers, their diverse backgrounds, and technical proficiency to drive the company’s long-term growth.” Microplastics-and-PET – Textile-recycling

Microplastics-and-PET - Textile-recycling

-Petcore Europe’s statement on microplastics and PET

Petcore Europe has published a statement on microplastics and PET. It states that microplastics are not a component of PET and do not leach from PET packaging. Please find the full statement below:  Microplastics-and-PET – Textile-recycling

PET packaging protects the quality of food and drink products and ensures that they are safe for consumption. The PET industry is highly regulated at both EU and global level and the sector adheres to strict EU standards at each stage of production – including Reach and the EU’s stringent legislation on food contact materials. The health and safety of its entire value chain is the industry’s top priority.

If PET bottles and trays are collected and disposed of correctly, the potential to degrade and fragment into microplastic particles which can find their way into the environment via soil, air and water will be removed. The PET industry has consistently called for improved collection and recovery of PET packaging.

The diverse sources of microplastic pollution are specifically addressed in the European Plastics Strategy. However, accelerating legislation to promote a wider roll-out of well-functioning collection and recovery schemes for PET represents an important step in removing plastic from the environment and thus minimising microplastics formation. Microplastics-and-PET – Textile-recycling

The recent finding of microplastics in human blood was predictable and warrants further scientific investigation into the development of analytical methods. The PET industry supports the establishment of an accepted methodology to quantify and qualify microplastics, currently no such protocol exists, and analyses cannot be reproduced or repeated with confidence.

The PET industry is fully committed to playing its part in minimising the amount of microplastics in the environment. We continue to reassure our customers and stakeholders that PET plastic is safe and non-toxic.

About micro particulates, microplastics and human interaction

Micro and nano particulates and interaction with humans and animals has been studied for many years and are well understood. Microplastics-and-PET – Textile-recycling

-Alpek concludes acquisition of Octal

LanzaTech demonstrates MEG-production from carbon-emissions

University-research-programme develops process to convert-difficult-to-recycle-packaging-waste into feedstock

-Why is plastic so resistant-to-decomposition when it comes from nature?

China cellulose-fiber companies report strong revenue growth in 2021

Textile-recycling and processes for the future

BENEO-Acquires-Meatless-B.V. to Further Expand its Portfolio of Plant-based-Solutions

Microplastics-and-PET – Textile-recycling

Lanxess-Advent-DSM – Biodegradable-plastic 01-06-2022

Recycle-packaging-waste – Cellulose-fiber 02-06-2022

Recycle-packaging-waste – Cellulose-fiber

-LanzaTech demonstrates MEG production from carbon emissions

A new route to the production of monoethylene glycol, a key monomer in the production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET), has been discovered, Illinois-based biotech company LanzaTech has announced, as per Sustainableplastics.

The method builds on the carbon capture technology previously developed by the company. That technology is based on a microbial gas fermentation process that initially could convert carbon monoxide into ethanol, but today provides a sustainable pathway to produce a range of platform chemicals. Gas streams from multiple sources are used, including industrial off-gases from steel and alloy mills; petroleum refineries, petrochemical complexes and gas processing facilities; syngas generated from municipal solid waste, organic industrial waste, agricultural waste; and reformed biogas.

To produce MEG, LanzaTech uses carbon emissions from steel mills or gasified waste biomass and a proprietary engineered bacterium to convert carbon emissions directly into MEG through fermentation. This bypasses the need for an ethanol intermediate, and simplifies the MEG supply chain as it eliminates the multiple processing steps required to convert ethanol into ethylene, then ethylene oxide and then to MEG.

The direct production of MEG was proven at laboratory scale and the presence of MEG was confirmed by two external laboratories.

The discovery is a breakthrough in the production of sustainable PET that has vast potential to reduce the overall environmental impact of the process, said Dr. Jennifer Holmgren, CEO of LanzaTech. Recycle-packaging-waste – Cellulose-fiber

Recycle-packaging-waste - Cellulose-fiber

-University research programme develops process to convert difficult-to-recycle packaging waste into feedstock

The Consortium for Waste Circularity and the Flexible Packaging Association (FPA) have announced a collaboration with the Packaging Engineering programme at the University of Florida, with the aim of developing the Regenerative Robust Gasification process that converts difficult-to-recycle packaging materials into methanol for use as feedstock in further plastics production via mass balance.

According to the involved organisations, packaging industry stakeholders have been running trials through the University of Florida for several months. The testing programme is apparently now being expanded to all packaging industry stakeholders, targeting difficult-to-recycle but functionally valuable packaging materials.

The organisations claim that, to date, multi-layer materials, metallized films, barrier films containing PVDC, and cross-linked photopolymer flexographic plates have been successfully converted into synthesis gas, also known as syngas.

The Consortium for Waste Circularity says it is promoting a system where mixed complex waste is converted to syngas, and then syngas is converted into so-called “waste-derived” Eco-Methanol.  Recycle-packaging-waste – Cellulose-fiber

According to the consortium, Eco-Methanol is key to achieving circularity for carbon-based packaging waste. This is because methanol is a primary feedstock chemical for the manufacture of many products and plastics.

University research programme develops process to convert difficult-to-recycle packaging waste into feedstock

-Why is plastic so resistant to decomposition when it comes from nature?

Neste and Netherlands-based startup Circularise have announced a partnership to bring Circularise’s traceability software into circular polymers and chemicals supply chains. The companies are collaborating in establishing digital solutions to trace renewable and recycled material flows, providing increased transparency along the value chain.

The companies will use Circularise’s blockchain-based supply chain traceability software, which creates a digital twin for the physical material. The twin stores information on the used materials throughout the value chain, enabling all value chain parties to keep track of the material. This allows them to verify where materials come from and how and where they were processed. The digital twin can also provide information on sustainability data such as the carbon footprint of the materials or products made from them. Recycle-packaging-waste – Cellulose-fiber

Data-based supply chain visibility can strengthen trust in sustainable solutions

Solutions to increase visibility into supply chains become particularly valuable in the polymers and chemicals industry as materials undergo several processing steps and often get blended and co-processed with other materials. Especially in the ramp-up phase of more sustainable and circular value chains, renewable or recycled materials may be processed together with fossil materials – making it difficult to verifiably link end products with a much lower carbon footprint and the renewable or recycled materials they were produced with. As long as there is a mix of raw materials, a large share of renewable or recycled products will rely on a mass balancing allocation method as a way to link the end products to their raw materials.

With a digital supply chain tracking system, Neste and Circularise intend to enable value chain players to still make verifiable claims about such products. At the same time, it will allow parties along the value chain to better understand their supply chains, leading to improved transparency when it comes to life cycle emissions of products or other sustainability factors such as biodiversity and human rights.

“It’s usually very easy to claim sustainability, but very often, it’s not easy at all to back these claims,” says Isabella Tonaco, Vice President Strategy Execution & Marketing at Neste Renewable Polymers and Chemicals. “Yet, trust and credibility are crucial factors when it comes to sustainability. Being able to track and trace all the materials going into a product provides a solid basis for gaining that trust and credibility. We are looking forward to working with Circularise to provide the polymers and chemicals industry with a traceability solution to bring the necessary transparency into the value chains.”

While the purpose of the collaboration is increasing visibility and trust, Circularise also puts priority on confidentiality. Using a public blockchain-based infrastructure and Circularise’s proprietary Smart Questioning technology allows combining these two targets into one solution, enabling the sharing of trustworthy data and information between parties along the value chain without compromising on intellectual property or privacy. Recycle-packaging-waste – Cellulose-fiber

Recycle-packaging-waste - Cellulose-fiber

-China cellulose fiber companies report strong revenue growth in 2021

In 2021, market participants generally had high expectation for economic recovery with the alleviation of panic over the COVID-19 pandemic. China as the country with the fastest recovery of supply chain in the world benefited a lot. Compared with 2020, the operating conditions of most cellulose fiber enterprises have improved significantly, according to the annual reports disclosed by Chinese listed companies.

Aoyang Health Industry: Funing Aoyang Technology Co., Ltd, a subsidiary that operates the chemical fiber sector, has a revenue of 1.048 billion yuan and a net profit of -1.068 billion yuan (-420 million in 2020). The huge losses are mainly caused by asset impairment losses, asset disposal losses and disposal costs of related employees. In terms of operating data, the annual output is 85,386 tons, a year-on-year decrease of 36.26%. The sales volume is 89,965 tons, a year-on-year decrease of 36.84%. The inventory is 500 tons, a year-on-year decrease of 90.67%. The significant year-on-year decrease in production, sales and inventory is mainly due to the company’s divestiture of viscose business. On Apr 9, 2021, the company announced that it planned to sell viscose business, and the counterparty is Sateri China Investment Co., Ltd. The proposal was approved by the general meeting of shareholders on Jul 23. After that, Aoyang Health Industry will focus on the big health business. Recycle-packaging-waste – Cellulose-fiber

Jilin Chemical Fiber: the disclosure of the annual report was previously delayed by the impact of COVID-19. The company’s main business is viscose filament yarn and viscose staple fiber. During the reporting period, the company transformed to carbon fiber. According to the operating data, the revenue of viscose filament yarn is 2.206 billion yuan, an increase of 29.7% year-on-year, and the revenue of viscose staple fiber is 1.197 billion yuan, an increase of 72.52% year-on-year. The production and sales of viscose filament yarn is 67,259 tons and 70,723 tons respectively, and the production and sales of viscose staple fiber is 106,052 tons and 103,797 tons respectively.

China cellulose fiber companies report strong revenue growth in 2021

-Textile recycling and processes for the future

From 2025, used clothing and other textiles will be collected separately throughout Europe to facilitate reuse and recycling.

What industrial recycling solutions for textiles are already available?

Lukasz Debicki (LD): Nowadays, used clothing textiles are either reused as second-hand goods or in the form of, for example, cleaning rags. In addition, there are various recycling processes. Clothing or home textiles are often mechanically recycled and processed into insulation or filling materials. The textiles are torn, which dissolves the fabrics down to the individual fiber. These can then be further processed into said nonwovens or – if the fibers are of sufficient length – into staple fiber yarns. Mixed materials can also be recycled this way. Furthermore, a lot of textile waste is also incinerated or landfilled. Recycle-packaging-waste – Cellulose-fiber

Amrei Becker (AB): Mono-material industrial waste, such as fibers made of polyester or polyamide, which are produced during the ramp-up of the melt spinning plant, can be regranulated and a small percentage of it can be returned to the process. Recycling of waste is also possible in yarn production from natural fibers. Furthermore, there is a Chinese company that already carries out the chemical recycling of worn polyester uniforms. The textiles are made of 100% PET and are specifically collected for recycling.

Recycle-packaging-waste - Cellulose-fiber

-BENEO Acquires Meatless B.V. to Further Expand its Portfolio of Plant-based Solutions

BENEO, one of the leading manufacturers of functional ingredients, has today announced the acquisition of Dutch company, Meatless B.V., ensuring it becomes a major player in the field of plant-based texturising solutions for meat and fish alternatives.

The move comes amid a huge rise in demand for plant-based products, with figures showing that the market for fish and meat alternatives is expected to grow by more than 10% CAGR over the next five years. The acquisition of Meatless B.V. allows BENEO to broaden its portfolio and offer customers a versatile selection of plant-based solutions that serve as texturisers for meat and fish alternatives. BENEO sees great prospects for the new range of solutions in Europe as a focus market in the first instance, with plans to further expand globally.

Commenting on the announcement, Andreas Herber, Member of the Executive Board at BENEO states: “Following the recently announced investment into our new faba bean processing plant, the acquisition of Meatless B.V. is the next logical step to reaffirm BENEO’s commitment to strengthening its business with solutions for plant-based alternatives.”  Recycle-packaging-waste – Cellulose-fiber

Meatless B.V, founded in 2005 and located in Goes, The Netherlands, is a supplier of textured plant-based ingredients with a unique portfolio of solutions derived from different raw materials (i.e., rice, faba beans, wheat, pea, lupin and quinoa). This range fully complements BENEO’s ingredients portfolio and allows for exciting new combinations. As a result, BENEO’s customers will benefit from a much broader variety and greater flexibility that supports the development of meat and fish alternatives.

Recycle-packaging-waste - Cellulose-fiber

Recycle-packaging-waste – Cellulose-fiber

Lanxess-Advent-DSM – Biodegradable-plastic 01-06-2022

Lanxess-Advent-DSM – Biodegradable-plastic 01-06-2022

Lanxess-Advent-DSM – Biodegradable-plastic

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime

-Plastic packaging might be biodegradable after all

Leipzig researchers have found an enzyme that rapidly breaks down PET, the most widely produced plastic in the world. It might just eat your old tote bags.

While scavenging through a compost heap at a Leipzig cemetery, Christian Sonnendecker and his research team found seven enzymes they had never seen before.

They were hunting for proteins that would eat PET plastic — the most highly produced plastic in the world. It is commonly used for bottled water and groceries like grapes.

The scientists weren’t expecting much when they brought the samples back to the lab, said Sonnendecker when DW visited their Leipzig University laboratory.

It was only the second dump they had rummaged through and they thought PET-eating enzymes were rare.

But in one of the samples, they found an enzyme, or polyester hydrolase, called PHL7. And it shocked them. The PHL7 enzyme disintegrated an entire piece of plastic in less than a day.  Lanxess-Advent-DSM – Biodegradable-plastic

To test the rate at which the seven enzymes broke down PET, Sonnendecker and his team added a mixture of water, a phosphate buffer, which is often used to detect bacteria, for example, and the new enzyme to seven individual test tubes

Two enzymes ‘eat’ plastic: PHL7 vs. LCC

PHL7 appears to ‘eat’ PET plastic times faster than LCC, a standard enzyme used in PET plastic-eating experiments today.

To ensure their discovery wasn’t a fluke, Sonnendecker’s team compared PHL7 to LCC, with both enzymes degrading multiple plastic containers. And they found it was true: PHL7 was faster.

“I would have thought you’d need to sample from hundreds of different sites before you’d find one of these enzymes,” said Graham Howe, an enzymologist at Queens University in Ontario, Canada.

Howe, who also studies PET degradation but was not involved in the Leipzig research, appeared to be amazed by the study published in Chemistry Europe.

“Apparently, you go to nature and there are going to be enzymes that do this everywhere,” said Howe.

PET plastic is everyone

Although PET plastic can be recycled, it does not biodegrade. Like nuclear waste or a nasty comment to your partner, once PET plastic is created, it never really goes away.

Lanxess-Advent-DSM - Biodegradable-plastic

-LANXESS and Advent International establish a leading global joint venture for high-performance engineering polymers

  • LANXESS and Advent to acquire Engineering Materials business from DSM for a purchase price of around EUR 3.7 billion
  • LANXESS to transfer High Performance Materials business into joint venture
  • LANXESS to receive a payment of at least EUR 1.1 billion and a stake of up to 40 percent in the joint venture
  • LANXESS will use proceeds to reduce debt and plans to buy back shares
  • New joint venture with pioneering product portfolio and integrated value chain

Specialty chemicals company LANXESS and Advent International (“Advent”), one of the largest and most experienced global private equity investors with a well established track record in chemicals investings, are establishing a joint venture for high-performance engineering polymers. The two companies today signed an agreement to acquire the DSM Engineering Materials business (DEM) from Dutch group Royal DSM, which will become part of the new joint venture. The purchase price is around EUR 3.7 billion and will be financed by the joint venture via equity from Advent and external debt. Lanxess-Advent-DSM – Biodegradable-plastic

The business represents sales of around EUR 1.5 billion with an EBITDA margin of approximately 20 percent. DEM is one of the leading global suppliers in high-performance specialty materials that address key market needs in electronics, electrical and consumer goods.

In addition, LANXESS will contribute its High Performance Materials (HPM) business unit to the joint venture. HPM is one of the leading suppliers of high-performance polymers, which are used primarily in the automotive industry. The business represents annual sales of around EUR 1.5 billion with EBITDA pre exceptionals of around EUR 210 million. Advent will hold at least 60 percent in the joint venture. LANXESS will receive an initial payment of at least EUR 1.1 billion and a stake of up to 40 percent in the future joint venture. Following the transfer to the joint venture, the HPM business will no longer be fully consolidated at LANXESS, but will be included in the consolidated financial statements at equity.

This move further sharpens LANXESS’ business portfolio, which will consist of three specialty chemicals segments once the transaction is completed. LANXESS will use the proceeds of the transaction to reduce debt and to strengthen its balance sheet. In addition, the Group plans a share buy-back program with a volume of up to EUR 300 million.

LANXESS will have the possibility to divest its stake in the joint venture to Advent at the same valuation earliest after three years. EBITDA could then be significantly higher than today as Advent and LANXESS anticipate substantial synergies resulting from the combination of the two businesses.

The transaction is still subject to approval by the authorities. Closing is expected in the first half of 2023.

LANXESS CEO Matthias Zachert: “LANXESS will once again become significantly less dependent on economic fluctuations. In addition, we as LANXESS will strengthen our balance sheet with the proceeds from the transaction and gain new scope for the further development of our Group. With the new joint venture, we are forging a strong global player in the field of high-performance polymers. The portfolios, value chains and global positioning of the two businesses complement each other perfectly. With its innovative products, the joint venture will be able to play a key role in shaping future developments – for example in the field of electromobility. In Advent, we have a strong and reliable partner with profound experience in the chemical industry and our customer industries.” Lanxess-Advent-DSM – Biodegradable-plastic

Ronald Ayles, Managing Partner at Advent International: “Joining forces with LANXESS in this industry transforming transaction is a highlight for Advent as we have built a trusted, long standing relationship and share the highest mutual respect. Together we plan to bring the experience, deep sector know-how, and financial resources to make the joint venture a global success story for everyone involved. The combination of LANXESS’ High Performance Materials (HPM) and DSM Engineering Materials (DEM) creates a strong platform and brings together extensive expertise, resulting in the best opportunities for employees and more value for customers.”

LANXESS and Advent International establish a leading global joint venture for high-performance engineering polymers

Plastic-packaging might be biodegradable after all

LANXESS and Advent-International establish a leading global joint venture for high-performance-engineering-polymers

NOVA-Chemicals will raise prices of polyethylene in June

Soft-drinks maker Suntory plastic-bottles plots switch to 100 per cent recycled

-Contract prices of paraxylene for deliveries in June in Asia increased

Leoni AG Sells Automotive-Cable-Solutions-Business To Thai-Firm-Stark-Corp.

-Analysis shows plastic-packaging recovery and recycling dip in 2021

-Report: EU-plastics-sector facing €678bn stranded asset risk due to ‘unsustainable‘ business model

Lanxess-Advent-DSM – Biodegradable-plastic

Indorama-PET – Battery-Waste 31-05-2022

Recycled-PET-resin – EU-plastics-sector 01-06-2022

Recycled-PET-resin – EU-plastics-sector

-NOVA Chemicals will raise prices of polyethylene in June

NOVA Chemicals has revised a previously announced price increase of 6 cents per pound (USD132 per tonne) from May 1 for all grades of polyethylene (PE) by a price increase of 3 cents per pound, according to a letter from the company to customers.

The company confirmed that they had revised their announcement of the increase.

Global demand for polyethylene has recently shown signs of decline amid significant macroeconomic obstacles faced by Asia and Europe. Domestic demand is stable, but a slowdown in sales in foreign markets leads to an increase in inventory levels, as the US needs to export about 40-45% of its products to maintain the balance of the domestic market.

April contract prices for PE were estimated at 80-101 cents per pound for LDPE, 73-96 cents per pound for low-density butene linear polyethylene (LDL C4) and 76-95 cents per pound for blow molding of high-density polyethylene (HDPE), DEL USA.

Earlier it was reported that NOVA Chemicals on May 5 resumed production at the cracking plant in Joffre (Joffre, Alberta, Canada) after carrying out preventive measures. Maintenance at this enterprise with a capacity of 1.35 million tons of ethylene per year was started on March 1 this year.

Recycled-PET-resin - EU-plastics-sector

-Soft drinks maker Suntory plastic bottles plots switch to 100 per cent recycled 

But Lucozade and Ribena manufacturer warns of shortages and soaring costs of rPET in Europe

The manufacturer of soft drinks including Lucozade and Ribena is planning to use 100 per cent recycled plastic in the production of its 500ml bottles by the end of the year, but it has also sent a warning to the industry that it faces ongoing shortages of recycled PET (rPET).

Suntory Beverage & Food said its decision announced on Friday to shift to use 100 per cent recycled plastic was a considerable investment, as growing demand for rPET was pushing up costs. The European price of rPET currently stands at 39 per cent more expensive compared to virgin PET, it said.

Recycled plastic has on average a 79 per cent lower carbon footprint than virgin plastic and the company estimates its switch to rPET across its on-the-go bottles will see a reduction in 36,058 tonnes of CO2 from its purchased goods Scope 3 emissions.  Recycled-PET-resin – EU-plastics-sector

Suntory already uses 100 per cent rPET for its Lucozade Sport, Orangina and Ribena bottles, but requires further supply to achieve this for its Lucozade Energy brand. To address short-term industry shortages and ensure the firm meets the current requirement of 30 per cent rPET in its Lucozade Energy bottles, the company has invested in a 9,000 tonne PET resin which uses 30 per cent recycled material content processed by chemical recycling technology.

Chemical recycling – an alternative to mechanical methods – uses enzymes to break down any PET plastic to its core elements allowing it to be reformed into new food-grade rPET with the same properties as virgin material.

It is a process that Suntory has championed alongside the likes of L’Oréal, Nestlé Waters and PepsiCo as part of the Carbios consortium. The technology uses enzymes, which occur naturally in compost heaps, and adapts them to break down any type of PET plastic, regardless of colour or complexity. The enzyme leaves behind a raw material which can then be turned back into virgin-quality plastic, it explained.

“Our shift to 100 per cent rPET for our 500ml ready-to-drink bottles is a huge achievement, and an important step in our commitment to achieving 100 per cent sustainable packaging by 2030,” Liz Nieboer, head of sustainability at Suntory Beverage & Food. “It’s the result of years of hard-work and while reaching this milestone is a cause for celebration, much still needs to be done in terms of recycling infrastructure. There has been a historic under investment in the UK’s recycling and collection infrastructures, meaning less than a third of bottles are turned back into bottles.”  Recycled-PET-resin – EU-plastics-sector

Recycled-PET-resin - EU-plastics-sector

-Contract prices of paraxylene for deliveries in June in Asia increased

Contract prices for paraxylene shipments in June in Asia rose to USD1,400-1,430 per tonne, market sources told ICIS.

Idemitsu Kosan has put forward its offer at a price of USD1,430 per ton, CFR Asia.

ENEOS Corp, SKGC and S-Oil have put forward their offerings at USD1,420 per tonne, CFR Asia.

ExxonMobil has denominated its offering at USD1,400 per tonne, CFR Asia.

Meanwhile, RIL has put forward its contract offer at USD1,430 per tonne, CFR Asia.

Earlier it was reported that the participants in the negotiation process to agree on the May contract prices of paraxylene in Asia could not reach an agreement for the current month. Approval of the monthly contract price for the material is achieved when it is agreed by at least two suppliers and two buyers. This was the fifth consecutive month this year that the contract price of paraxylene remained uncoordinated.  Recycled-PET-resin – EU-plastics-sector

Paraxylene is one of the main raw materials for the production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET).

Recycled-PET-resin - EU-plastics-sector

-Leoni AG Sells Automotive Cable Solutions Business To Thai Firm Stark Corp.

Leoni AG (LEOGN), a German supplier of cables and wiring systems, said on Monday that it has sold its Business Group Automotive Cable Solutions or BG AM, to Thai company- Stark Corporation Public Company Limited.

Financial terms of the deal are not known yet.

With an enterprise value of 560 million euros, BG AM had posted sales of around 1.3 billion euros in 2021. Recycled-PET-resin – EU-plastics-sector

The sold business with a production network in 7 countries and around 3,300 staff is expected to create a cash inflow of 400 million euros and will also have a correspondingly positive effect on the reported free cash flow, the company said.

Aldo Kamper, CEO of Leoni, said: “With this decision, we strengthen our balance sheet, support the ongoing talks regarding our refinancing and drive forward our well-known strategic focusing on the wiring systems business.”

Recycled-PET-resin - EU-plastics-sector

-Analysis shows plastic packaging recovery and recycling dip in 2021

Analysis of the latest DEFRA statistics reveals that recovery and recycling rates of plastic packaging in the UK dipped in 2021 with waste ending up in the environment rising past 1.4 million tonnes.

The analysis from Nozama, the global sustainability technology company and creator of Plastiks, found that 2,514 thousand tonnes of plastic packaging waste was produced in the UK in 2021.

But with just 1,112 thousand tonnes recycled or recovered, the rate of recycling fell to 44.2%, a sharp drop from the previous two years which had shown signs of improvement with the rate rising from 46.2% in 2019 to 47.2% in 2020.

The figures therefore uncover that the total volume of packaging waste ending up in the environment rose to 1,402 thousand tonnes in 2021 – again higher than 2020 (1,317 thousand tonnes) and 2019 (1,331 thousand tonnes).

The statistics show a need for a renewed focus on eliminating single use plastic waste according to André Vanyi Robin, founder and CEO of Nozama, who said: “It is frustrating that after recent steady progress in the rates of recovery and recycling of plastic packaging waste, there has been a huge backward step in the past year.

“Plastic waste is one of the most commonly produced materials for packaging and it is disappointing that it accounts for nearly a third of waste that is not being recycled or recovered. It was World Recycling Day this month, but clearly we have a long journey ahead of us to improve the volume of packaging waste that we are keeping out of the environment. Recycled-PET-resin – EU-plastics-sector

“It is crucial that waste management players are given every encouragement possible to ensure they are doing their utmost to track, recover and recycle single use plastic. And that producers of waste are being held accountable by consumers and other stakeholders to improve the use of plastic as well as how committed they are to ensuring that plastic waste does not end up in the environment.”

Analysis shows plastic packaging recovery and recycling dip in 2021

-Report: EU plastics sector facing €678bn stranded asset risk due to ‘unsustainable’ business model

EU plastics industry ‘on the precipice’ due to unsustainable business model, tightening green regulations and competition from China, Planet Tracker warns

The European plastics industry is “on the precipice” of stranded asset risk due to an increasingly unsustainable business model that is putting €678bn investor capital under threat, unless it rapidly shifts gear towards a more circular plastics system based on reuse, recycling and waste reduction.

That is the conclusion of fresh research released today by Planet Tracker, which highlights the growing threats posed to EU plastics companies from tightening environmental and climate regulations, greener consumer preferences and the ascendency of China’s chemicals sector.  Recycled-PET-resin – EU-plastics-sector

Based on its assessment of 87 publicly traded plastics companies across the EU’s 27 member states, which make up 75 per cent of plastic production across the trading bloc, the think tank said the industry’s economic turnover was already flatlining with zero growth recorded between 2010 and 2019.

The EU27 global chemical market share, and plastics as a percentage of EU27 chemical sales, both declined over the period, even despite an uptick in global plastics production over the period, according to Planet Tracker.

Meanwhile, China’s global chemical sales grew from €609.5bn to €1,488bn over the same period while expanding its global market share from over 25 per cent to more than 40 per cent, which means it is now the leading chemical producer globally by some margin, it said.  Recycled-PET-resin – EU-plastics-sector

But report argues that a more sustainable plastic business model based on circular principles such as more reuse, recycling and reduction of waste and greenhouse gas emissions offers the most viable route for EU plastics companies to better compete on the global stage, and to avoid stranding investor assets.

It warns that the sector is under increasing scrutiny and pressure due to its role as a major greenhouse gas emitter, as well as growing concern about the impact of vast plastic pollution worldwide on the environment and human health.

Report: EU plastics sector facing €678bn stranded asset risk due to 'unsustainable' business model

Recycled-PET-resin – EU-plastics-sector

Indorama-PET – Battery-Waste 31-05-2022

BRICS-Group – Plastic-recycling 31-05-2022

BRICS-Group – Plastic-recycling

-Iran says oil, gas, petchem export revenues up 60pc

Iran’s foreign exchange earnings from oil, gas and petrochemical exports were 60pc higher in the first two months of the Iranian year than they were in the corresponding period last year, according to the foreign ministry.

“With the efforts of the oil ministry, and contradictory to the rumors and statements in the public sphere, revenues from the export of oil, gas condensate, natural gas, petroleum products and petrochemicals in the first two months of this year increased dramatically,” director general of public relations at the oil ministry Ali Forouzandeh said Sunday.

The first two months of the Iranian calendar year, Farvardin and Ordibehesht, correspond to the period from 21 March to 21 May.

Forouzandeh did not disclose an overall revenue figure but said Iran’s income from petrochemical exports was $2.45bn in the first two months of the Iranian year, up by 63pc from $1.5bn a year earlier. This is the amount deposited in the Nima foreign exchange platform, the Iranian central bank’s currency trading system for importers and exporters.

The rise in export revenues coincides with higher global energy prices, notably since the start of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in late February, with front-month Ice Brent crude futures closing just below $119/bl on 27 May, almost double year earlier levels and up by 28pc since the start of the year. In addition, Iran’s government, which took office in August last year, says it has boosted oil exports significantly relative to the previous administration and has managed to repatriate most of the revenue from those sales despite US sanctions. BRICS-Group – Plastic-recycling

BRICS-Group - Plastic-recycling

-Why haven’t plastic-eating bacteria fixed the plastic problem yet?

A new enzyme that eats plastic has been discovered, again. Here’s the catch.

Scientists from the University of Texas announced they’ve created a plastic-eating enzyme that could keep billions of pounds of plastic out of landfills.

Now, if that sentence gives you deja vu, you’re not alone.

Followers of science news may have seen similar exciting headlines over the years, from 2008’s Science Fair Project Isolates Plastic-Eating Microbes–about a 17-year-old science fair winner who got bacteria to degrade plastic bags by 43%–to last month’s New Enzyme Discovery is a New Step Towards Beating Plastic Waste, wherein British scientists developed an enzyme that could break down PTA, an ingredient in plastic bottles. BRICS-Group – Plastic-recycling

You’ve seen lots of similar titles in between: “New super-enzyme eats plastic bottles six times faster,” “Plastic-eating bacteria could help aid global recycling efforts,” etc., which give the impression of a silver bullet (itself undoubtedly recyclable) that will slay our monstrous plastic problem.

It turns out there are a few reasons things aren’t so simple:

Plastic isn’t all the same. Many enzymes or bacteria only work for one specific kind of plastic, and much of our trash combines several kinds of plastic.

Most plastic-recycling efforts focus on PET, the plastic used in plastic bottles. PET represents about 20% of global plastic waste. It’s chemically easier to break down than polyethylene or polypropylene, types used in plastic film and food packaging.

That’s an important caveat: most of these solutions would only put a dent in our plastic problem, rather than solve it entirely.

Many solutions only work under special conditions. Often, the reactions or bacteria only work at certain temperatures, in special environments, or after extended periods of time. The harder it is to create the conditions, the less practical it is to do it at scale. This also means that it’s unlikely bacteria will solve the issue of plastic pollution already in nature — more on that soon.

BRICS-Group - Plastic-recycling

-BRICS Group Expected To Expand Soon: China

BRICS is a multilateral forum consisting of five major emerging economies of the world, namely Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. BRICS Plus is a new phase in the expansion of BRICS

For the first time, the Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa (BRICS) grouping is expected to begin an expansion process to include new developing country members, according to the Chinese government.

Chinese Foreign Ministry on Friday that Beijing will actively promote the expansion of BRICS and welcome more global partners to join the group.

The Foreign Ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin made the remarks yesterday in a statement in response to media questions over Beijing’s view on expanding BRICS.

“China will work on BRICS parties to continue to have in-depth discussions on BRICS expansion and determine the standards and procedures for that on the basis of consensus. We look forward to more like-minded partners joining the big family of BRICS,” he said in a statement.

BRICS is a multilateral forum consisting of five major emergin BRICS-Group – Plastic-recyclingg economies of the world, namely Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.

Mr Wang stressed that the recently held BRICS Foreign Ministers’ Meeting backed the expansion of the initiative while the “BRICS Plus” consultation was also held as part of the ministers’ meeting.

On May 23, A BRICS Plus virtual conference was held as part of the main meeting with ministers from countries, including the UAE, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Kazakhstan, Indonesia, Argentina, Nigeria, Senegal, and Thailand, according to reports.

BRICS-Group - Plastic-recycling

-Edible kelp packaging and plastic-free insulation: 9 innovations designed to help end plastic pollution

It’s likely that only 9% of the 8.3 billion tonnes of plastics to have been made since 1950 made have been recycled. As part of edie’s Circular Economy Week, edie and Springwise highlight nine innovations aiming to help the world produce less plastic and recycle what we already have.

Plastic is an issue that is easy for the public to understand. Consumers hold plastic products in their own hands every day, and footage of marine animals ensnared by plastic waste provokes a strong, emotive reaction.

But weaning our society off plastic is much easier said than done. Plastic materials have useful properties that are difficult to replicate. And plastic is even more embedded in society than many realise. The public often equates plastic with packaging, and it is true that single-use packaging accounts for 40% of annual plastic production. But plastics are also used in a host of other applications such as textiles, construction, and agriculture. BRICS-Group – Plastic-recycling

It is clear that an enormous amount of innovation is needed to reduce the impact of plastic. Alternative materials—from popcorn to seaweed—are one promising avenue of development. But from construction blocks made out of waste plastic to re-usable takeaway packaging, we are also seeing innovators create new processes and behaviours for instances where we do continue to rely on plastic.

Here are nine of the most exciting innovations that are helping to reduce our global plastic footprint.

Edible, kelp-based packaging

Using low-emission manufacturing processes and renewably sourced biomaterials, Norwegian material science company B’ZEOS is working with global corporations to replace single-use plastic packaging with seaweed-based alternatives.

The company’s first product was an edible drinking straw, but its line of alternative packaging has since expanded thanks to partnerships with Nestle and Spanish plastic manufacturer Aitiip. Seaweed does not require any fertilisation, pesticides, or freshwater – which is what makes it such an attractive alternative to other, land-grown, crop-based biomaterials. B’ZEOS’s production processes do not use any toxic chemicals, and the formula for each packaging product is tailored to its final use.

BRICS-Group - Plastic-recycling

-Vopak JV Xycle to build Rotterdam plastic recycling plant

Xycle, a joint venture between Vopak, NoWit and Patpert Teknow Systems, is to start construction of its first plastic recycling plant in the Port of Rotterdam in Q4 2022.

The Port authorities have leased the JV a site at Rijndwarsweg in Europoort for the plant, which is expected to convert 20,000 tpa of plastic waste into approximately 20 million L of liquid hydrocarbons (pyrolysis oil), for use as a feedstock to produce new plastics. Xycle expects to receive the environmental and building permits in Q3 2022. The facility is expected to be operational in Q4 2023.

Xycle has been working on its recycling process for 14 years. Non-mechanically recyclable plastic waste is heated in the absence of oxygen, which causes it to break down and depolymerise rather than burning. Currently, less than a quarter of plastic waste can be recycled mechanically, with the rest landfilled, dumped, or burned. The Xycle plant is self-supporting, running on the fuel produced by the machine itself. The CO2 emissions are significantly lower than if the plastic waste is burned.

‘We’re very pleased with this milestone for Xycle and proud that Vopak is contributing to this. Developing new infrastructure solutions and setting up new supply chains in partnership is essential in the energy transition,’ says Marcel van de Kar, global director new energies Vopak. BRICS-Group – Plastic-recycling

Vopak JV Xycle to build Rotterdam plastic recycling plant

-Rice flash Joule heating process recycles plastic from end-of-life F-150 trucks into high-value graphene for new vehicles

Rice University chemists working with researchers at the Ford Motor Company are turning plastic parts from end-of-life vehicles into graphene via the university’s flash Joule heating process (earlier post). The Rice lab of chemist James Tour introduced flash Joule heating in 2020 to convert coal, petroleum coke and trash into graphene. The lab has since adapted the process to convert plastic waste into graphene and to extract precious metals from electronic waste.

The average SUV contains up to 350 kilograms (771 pounds) of plastic that could sit in a landfill for centuries but for the recycling process reported in an open-access paper in the debut issue of a new Nature journal, Communications Engineering.

The goal of the project led by Tour and graduate student and lead author Kevin Wyss was to reuse that graphene to make enhanced polyurethane foam for new vehicles. Tests showed the graphene-infused foam had a 34% increase in tensile strength and a 25% increase in low-frequency noise absorption. That’s with only 0.1% by weight or less of graphene. BRICS-Group – Plastic-recycling

When that new car is old, the foam can be flashed into graphene again.

Rice flash Joule heating process recycles plastic from end-of-life F-150 trucks into high-value graphene for new vehicles

BRICS-Group – Plastic-recycling

PVC-recycling – Petrochemicals – PET-Resin 30-05-2022

Indorama-PET – Battery-Waste 31-05-2022

Indorama-PET – Battery-Waste

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime

Indorama plans to raise June PET prices in the US again

Indorama plans to raise June prices for polyethylene terephthalate (PET) in the United States by 9 cents / pound (USD198 per ton) amid rising costs of raw materials, the company said in a letter to customers.

The main reason for the increase in prices Indorama called a significant increase in the cost of raw materials, in particular paraxylene.

As Market Report reported earlier, Indorama twice in March prices PET in the US at 4 cents / pound (USD88 per ton) and 5 cents per pound (USD110 per ton), respectively. The main reason for the increase in prices Indorama called a significant increase in raw material costs caused by high crude oil prices.

Earlier it was reported that Indorama Ventures on March 1 closed for repairs the production of PET in the city of Decatur (Decatur, shat Alabama, USA). This enterprise with a capacity of 450 thousand tons of PET per year was closed until April 8.

According to ScanPlast of market Report, in May of this year, the estimated consumption of PET in Russia amounted to 70.17 thousand tons, which corresponds to the level of consumption last year (70.45 thousand tons). In total, for the period January – May of this year, the estimated consumption of PET in the Russian Federation amounted to 304.31 thousand tons of material. This is 3% lower than the same indicator in 2019.  Indorama-PET – Battery-Waste

Indorama-PET - Battery-Waste

-Segregation is Important for Effective Battery Waste Management

The lack of separation, collecting, and transportation of unsegregated mixed garbage to landfills has an influence on the environment.

Waste segregation at the source is crucial for the effective recycling and disposal of battery waste. The lack of separation, collecting, and transportation of unsegregated mixed garbage to landfills has an influence on the environment. The amount of rubbish that ends up in landfills is reduced when waste is segregated. When batteries are separated and processed separately, pollution of the land and water can be significantly reduced. Battery waste must be separated so that it could be properly disposed of. Indorama-PET – Battery-Waste

Going further, waste generation has escalated dramatically in recent decades around the world, with no indications of decreasing. According to Statista, The global Li-ion battery recycling market size was valued approximately 1.3 billion US dollars in 2019 and is predicted to grow to approximately 11 billion US dollars by 2027. This sector’s market size was expected to expand at a compound annual growth rate of roughly 32% between 2020 and 2027. This is attributable to a variety of variables like population increase, urbanization, economic growth, and consumer buying preferences.

Segregation is Important for Effective Battery Waste Management

Indorama plans to raise June PET-prices in the US again

-Segregation is Important for Effective Battery-Waste Management

Iran says oil, gas, petchem export revenues up 60pc

-Why haven’t plastic-eating-bacteria fixed the plastic-problem yet?

BRICS Group Expected To Expand Soon: China

Edible-kelp-packaging and plastic-free-insulation: 9 innovations designed to help end plastic-pollution

Vopak-JV-Xycle to build Rotterdam plastic-recycling-plant

Rice-flash-Joule heating process recycles-plastic from end-of-life F-150 trucks into high-value graphene for new vehicles

Indorama-PET – Battery-Waste

PVC-recycling – Petrochemicals – PET-Resin 30-05-2022

Recycled-Polyester – Nylon6-chips 30-05-2022

Recycled-Polyester – Nylon6-chips

Recycled-Polyester - Nylon6-chips

ITEM 23/05/2022 30/05/2022 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 8,925 yuan/ton 8,925 yuan/ton
Bottle grade PET chips export market 1,250 $/ton 1,245 $/ton -5
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 7,800 yuan/ton 7,850 yuan/ton +50
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 7,925 yuan/ton 7,925 yuan/ton
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market

Recycled-Polyester – Nylon6-chips

6,745 yuan/ton 6,870 yuan/ton +125
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 1,060 $/ton 1,070 $/ton +10
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 4,900 yuan/ton 4,880 yuan/ton -20
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 620 $/ton 615 $/ton -5
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market 1,301 $/ton 1,282 $/ton -19
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 1,281 $/ton 1,262 $/ton -19
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,447 $/ton 1,482 $/ton +35
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 8,350 yuan/ton 8,430 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,800 yuan/ton 7,800 yuan/ton
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 9,750 yuan/ton 9,850 yuan/ton +50
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F 9,550 yuan/ton 9,500 yuan/ton -50
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 9,000 yuan/ton 9,000 yuan/ton
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 8,480 yuan/ton 8,500 yuan/ton +20
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 14,900 yuan/ton 15,300 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 2,170 $/ton 2,200 $/ton +30
Nylon6 chips overseas  market 2,420 $/ton 2,420 $/ton
Nylon6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 15,550 yuan/ton 15,800 yuan/ton +250
Nylon6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market 15,800 yuan/ton 16,250 yuan/ton +450
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market

Recycled-Polyester – Nylon6-chips

26,000 yuan/ton 26,000 yuan/ton
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 18,100 yuan/ton 18,300 yuan/ton +200
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 20,650 yuan/ton 20,650 yuan/ton-
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  18,800 yuan/ton 18,850 yuan/ton +50
Spandex 20D  domestic  market 65,500 yuan/ton 61,000 yuan/ton -4,500
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 56,500 yuan/ton 52,000 yuan/ton -4,500
Spandex 40D  domestic  market 47,500 yuan/ton 44,000 yuan/ton -3,500
Adipic Acid domestic market 11,850 yuan/ton 11,900 yuan/ton +50
Benzene domestic market 9,260 yuan/ton 9,450 yuan/ton +190
Benzene overseas  market 1,238 $/ton 1,296 $/ton +58
Ethylene South East market 1,150 $/ton 1,150 $/ton
Ethylene NWE  market 1,409 $/ton 1,398 $/ton -11
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market 11,500 yuan/ton 11,300 yuan/ton -200
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market

Recycled-Polyester – Nylon6-chips

1,850 $/ton 1,850 $/ton
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 18,500 yuan/ton 18,500 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 14,800 yuan/ton 15,030 yuan/ton +230
PP Powder domestic market
9,780 yuan/ton 9,680 yuan/ton -100
Naphtha overseas market  903 $/ton867 882 $/ton
Phenol domestic market 10,460 yuan/ton 10,580 yuan/ton +120

Recycled-Polyester – Nylon6-chips

PVC-recycling – Petrochemicals – PET-Resin 30-05-2022

PVC-recycling – Petrochemicals – PET-Resin

Recycled-Polyester – Nylon6-chips

PVC-recycling - Petrochemicals - PET-Resin

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime

-VinylPlus exceeds 810,000 tonnes of PVC recycling in 2021

VinylPlus exceeds 810,000 tonnes of PVC recycling in 2021, said Sustainableplastics.

At the 10th VinylPlus Sustainability Forum, livestreamed from Brussels today, participants could look back at a successful first year of the new VinylPlus 2030 Commitment, the voluntary 10-year commitment adopted last year by the European PVC industry aimed at minimising the environmental impact of PVC production and manufacturing. VinylPlus 2030, building on the efforts of the previous two voluntary 10-year commitments, aims to proactively contribute to addressing priorities at the European and global levels. PVC-recycling – Petrochemicals – PET-Resin

“We aim to contribute to the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, with a particular focus on sustainable consumption and production, climate change and partnerships,” said Brigitte Dero, Managing Director of VinylPlus. “This, in full alignment with relevant EU policies under the European Green Deal, such as the EU Circular Economy Action Plan and the EU Chemicals Strategy for Sustainability.”

Despite the fraught conditions of the past year, 810,775 tonnes of PVC waste were recycled and used in new products by European PVC industry through the voluntary commitment, which represents around 26.9% of the total PVC waste generated in 2021 in the EU-27, Norway, Switzerland and the UK. VinylPlus’ recycling rate is above the 23.1% recycling rate estimated by AMI Consulting for the overall plastics recycling in Europe in 2021. In total, some 7.3 million tonnes of PVC having been recycled into new products since 2000, preventing the release of more than 14.5 million tonnes of CO2 into the atmosphere.

PVC-recycling - Petrochemicals - PET-Resin

-Thailand’s SCG Chemicals to expand Sirplaste capacity by 25%

Thailand’s SCG Chemicals plans to expand the capacity of its Portugal-based subsidiary Sirplaste by 25%, in response to strong demand for recycled plastics in Europe.

The recycling firm has an existing 36,000 tone/year capacity post-consumer recycled resins (PCR), of which 9,000 tonnes/year is recycled high-density polyethylene (R-HDPE).  PVC-recycling – Petrochemicals – PET-Resin

SCG Chemicals recently completed acquisition of a 70% stake in Sirplaste, which sells its recycled plastics output in Europe.

The planned expansion will go hand in hand with upgrading to high-quality recycled production capacity to cater to a growing market in line with SCG Chemicals’ environmental goals, according to its parent firm – Thai conglomerate Siam Cement Group (SCG) – in a presentation to investors on Friday.

SCG Chemicals is looking at growing its environment-friendly or green polymer portfolio to 1m tonnes by 2030 and decarbonize current operations by 20% by 2030 from 2021 levels, with the goal of going carbon neutral by 2050.

The company has built Thailand’s first advanced recycling demonstration plant, and is “targeting creation of green feedstock and food-grade resins with virgin-like characteristics”, SCG said in the presentation.

The advanced recycling demo plant in Rayong province with about 4,000 tonnes/year capacity was launched in late January 2021.

Thailand’s SCG Chemicals to expand Sirplaste capacity by 25%

VinylPlus exceeds 810,000 tonnes of PVC-recycling in 2021

Thailand’s SCG-Chemicals to expand Sirplaste capacity by 25%

Herbold can customize wash plant capabilities to produce food-grade-recyclates

Husky develops HyPET-HPP5e-Recycled-Melt-to-Preform (RMTP) system

PPS-Polyamide Tubing Offers High-Temp Option for Cooling Lines

-The Plastic-Packaging-Tax – a signpost to the circular-economy

Toray Develops Antiviral-Particles that Deactivate Viruses around 100 Times Faster than Conventional Counterparts

LOG makes major multimillion dollar cleanroom investment

PVC-recycling – Petrochemicals – PET-Resin

Plastic-Packaging – Carpet-recycling  28-05-2022

Recycled-Melt-to-Preform – Circular-economy 30-05-2022

Recycled-Melt-to-Preform – Circular-economy

-Herbold can customize wash plant capabilities to produce food grade recyclates

Drawing from its assortment of plastics recycling equipment, Herbold can custom configure wash plants for polyolefins capable of producing food grade recyclates.

While each wash plant is designed around the user’s specific requirements and facility characteristics, all feature a multi-stage process usually consisting of pre-shredding, pre-washing and initial separation, granulation, high-density separation, and drying.

Pre-shredding is typically done in a single-shaft shredder such as the Herbold 60/120. With a 23.5-inch diameter rotor and 60 individual knives, these machines can accept bales of contaminated waste and process up to 13,000-pounds per hour.

Washing takes place in a VWE-60 pre-washing unit which employs a three-step process of sink and swims to remove heavy materials, intensive spray wash to loosen and remove embedded sediment and an additional sink and swim to further eliminate remaining sediment. Recycled-Melt-to-Preform – Circular-economy

Further size reduction takes place in a wet granulator such as the Herbold 80/120. The wet operation provides additional separation of particles and contaminants from materials.

Additional high-density separation of contaminants and recyclate occurs in a Hydrocyclone. The centrifugal force of the Hydrocylcone provides separation that exceeds conventional methods by a factor of 15, ensuring the level of purity necessary for food grade recyclate.

Recycled-Melt-to-Preform - Circular-economy

-Husky develops HyPET HPP5e Recycled Melt to Preform (RMTP) system

Husky Technologies, a technology provider enabling the delivery of essential needs to the global community, announced the introduction of its HyPET HPP5e Recycled Melt to Preform (RMTP) system. With one system already running in the field and the second soon to be delivered, this development marks the integration of a preform injection moulding system with melt decontamination unit – enabling the direct conversion of washed flake to preform.

“With today’s circular economy driving new package design and more efficient production, we are dedicated to working closely with our customers to ensure their products meet specific regional requirements, particularly around recycling and enabling recycled content in packaging,” said Robert Domodossola, Husky’s President of Rigid Packaging. Recycled-Melt-to-Preform – Circular-economy

Next step in sustainable, closed-loop packaging

Husky’s RMTP technology is offered as a module of the company’s proven HyPET HPP5e high performance system designed to support the closed-loop conversion of washed flake to preform by accepting food approved grade melt from an upstream provider. By eliminating the drying and melting steps associated with traditional rPET preform manufacturing, this solution facilitates the effective production of packaging made from 100 per cent rPET material, further supporting the circularity of PET.

By streamlining the process to bypass inhouse rPET pellet production and go directly from washed flake to preform, the new system is claimed to enable producers to achieve 30 per cent energy savings, helping to further lower production costs. In addition, the system is equipped with Husky’s Advantage+Elite real-time proactive, predictive, transparent monitoring solution as a standard feature.

Recycled-Melt-to-Preform - Circular-economy

-PPS-Polyamide Tubing Offers High-Temp Option for Cooling Lines

Electric and fuel-cell vehicles may benefit from latest innovation out of Japan.

Japanese firms Polyplastics-Evonik and Toray Industries have jointly developed a three-layer extruded tube in which the outer polyamide 12 (PA 12) layer and inner polyphenylene sulfide resin (PPS) layer are bonded together with a special adhesive. Able to withstand temperatures of 130°C, the tubing also boasts low levels of ion elution into cooling water. Target applications include coolant lines for electric vehicles (EVs) and industrial machinery.  Recycled-Melt-to-Preform – Circular-economy

PA 12 often has been used in combination with polypropylene (PP) as the inner layer in lightweight tubing for automotive coolant lines, but continuous usage was restricted, and hydrolysis was also an issue. With its heat and hydrolysis resistance, PPS resin addresses these concerns, but it does not bond directly with long-chain polyamides such as PA 12. Polyplastics-Evonik and Toray solved this challenge with an all-new material that can be co-extruded to bond the two resins.

The elevated heat resistance of the new tubing structure could enable replacement of metal tubing, while corrugated tubing is also an option. Further, the low level of ion elution makes the tubing particularly suitable for EV and fuel-cell vehicle applications.

Toray is the world’s leading supplier of PPS resin, being integrated from monomer through to compounds.

Recycled-Melt-to-Preform - Circular-economy

-The Plastic Packaging Tax – a signpost to the circular economy

Chartered Marketer Louise Aplin considers how the recently implemented Plastic Packaging Tax  impacts packaging manufacturers and shares the perspectives of two of her industry specialist clients on reformulating packaging to include recycled content.

Back in late 2018, then Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond announced the introduction of the UK Plastic Packaging Tax (PPT).  At that stage 2022 seemed quite a way off.  Fast forward three years and despite a global pandemic and subsequent trade and supply chain uncertainties, many packaging manufacturers have adapted their products to incorporate at least 30% recycled content to avoid incurring the tax.

Reformulating packaging products to incorporate recycled content has been a new experience for many and for some it was a steep learning curve. Prior to the PPT, using recycled content was an ambition for many businesses working towards more sustainable manufacturing but this was often considered technically challenging.  This challenge has become more difficult to achieve as it has now been clarified by HMRC that companies are not able to include industrial waste. Recently updated HMRC guidance states that pre-consumer plastic ‘does not include scrap or regrind which can be reused in the process from which it was generated after only minimal reprocessing’.  The Guidance goes on to say ‘where waste material is recovered and requires reprocessing involving melting and extrusion into pellets at a reprocessing facility before it can be reused, it can be treated by manufacturers as recycled plastic for any process.’  Recycled-Melt-to-Preform – Circular-economy

As of April 2022 however, including 30% recycled content is key to remaining competitive through avoiding the £200 per tonne tax.

Two organisations operating within the sphere of manufacturing sustainable plastic packaging are Chase Plastics and Greenacre Consulting.

“Although initially perceived as just another tax, the PPT has accelerated many companies’ desire to embrace the Circular Economy.” comments David Harris, Chief Executive at Chase Plastics, a UK manufacturer of post use recycled polythene pellets. “Prior to the tax, those considering the use of recycled polythene pellets would often start the conversation with  ‘What have you got?’ or ‘What’s your price?’. Now, the conversation has moved towards ‘I want to achieve X – what is the best way to achieve it?” He continues: “Customers are now more aware that choosing the wrong recycled content can have a hidden cost in terms of manufacturing efficiency and productivity. They understand that choosing an unsuitable raw material can cost a lot more to process and negatively affect the quality and performance of their products. They are also more aware of the importance to the Circular Economy of buying locally from a recycler with EUCertPlast accreditation.”

EUCertPlast accreditation recognises the highest standards of material traceability, quality and process control in plastics recycling. The scheme focuses on traceability of plastic materials (both throughout the entire recycling process and the supply chain) and on the quality of recycled content in the end-product.

Being aware of the types of recycled content available and understanding how they impact both product and processes are aspects of sustainable manufacturing that were not always top of mind prior to the PPT. Efforts to manufacture packaging more sustainably generally focused on minimising production waste, reducing energy consumption or making the product go further through initiatives such as downgauging (weight reduction) – and rightly so.

However, the advent of the PPT means that the sustainable manufacture of plastic packaging has stepped up a gear through the modification of the product itself to incorporate at least 30% recycled content. Recycled-Melt-to-Preform – Circular-economy

Recycled-Melt-to-Preform - Circular-economy

-Toray Develops Antiviral Particles that Deactivate Viruses around 100 Times Faster than Conventional Counterparts

Toray Industries, Inc., announced today that it has developed fast-acting antiviral particles (see note 1).

Conventional disinfection with antiseptic solutions and other chemicals is effective and fast-acting on viral infections. The downside, however, is short volatilization, necessitating regular disinfections. While non-volatile metal-based antivirals offer generally lasting protection, the issue is that many of them take at least an hour to deactivate 99.9% of viruses. Recycled-Melt-to-Preform – Circular-economy

Toray responded to that situation by developing antiviral particles that deactivate 99.9% or more of SARS-CoV-2 virus (the cause of COVID-19) strains in just 15 seconds and 99.99% or more of the strains within 5 minutes. The company achieved this by adding virus adsorption and oxidative degradation capabilities to cerium oxide particles through proprietary synthesis and surface treatment techniques. Toray drew on functional particle design, synthesis, and surface control technologies that it has developed over the years. The new particles deactivate viruses around 100 times faster than conventional metal-based antiviral agents. They are thus among the world’s quickest deactivation delivery vehicles.

Another benefit is that the particles do not volatilize and are lasting protection. That is because they do not use the virus deactivation principle of slow releases with drugs, metal ions, or other active ingredients. The particles also offer excellent safety (see note 2) and resist discoloration and corrosion.

Prospective media for the particles include building materials, paints, and packaging materials. They could thus be deployed in diverse products, including in public spaces in which numerous people might gather, necessitating measures to safeguard from virus infection. Other targets could be public transportation facilities, restaurants, medical and eldercare facilities, interior walls and railings at schools, and regular appliances and food packaging.

Antiviral particles could coat or be kneaded into diverse items. These could include non-woven fabrics for Toray’s masks and medical gowns, air filters, car seats, and other products that could benefit from these particles to prevent droplet and contact infections. Recycled-Melt-to-Preform – Circular-economy

Toray will gradually roll out test samples of the particles to customers.

Toray Develops Antiviral Particles that Deactivate Viruses around 100 Times Faster than Conventional Counterparts

-LOG makes major multimillion dollar cleanroom investment

The pharma primary packaging specialist specialising in oxygen and moisture barrier solutions has invested in an ISO Class 8 cleanroom

To meet growing demand for its global services LOG, a pharma primary packaging specialist specialising in oxygen and moisture barrier solutions, is significantly expanding its manufacturing floor to increase capacity.

The expansion includes the construction of a new multi-million-dollar ISO Class 8 cleanroom that will bring significant productivity benefits to its blue-chip customers across the world, including Unilever, Teva, Chemo and Gedeon Richter.

This major investment in new facilities provides corporate cutting-edge automated online inspection and Artificial Intelligence (AI) surveillance.

The expansion also ensures immediate and reliable detection of defects to provide the highest level of product quality control and consistency for customers which, in the UK, are served by a European Sales Office based in Switzerland.

LOG makes major multimillion dollar cleanroom investment

Recycled-Melt-to-Preform – Circular-economy

Plastic-Packaging – Carpet-recycling  28-05-2022

Plastic-Packaging – Carpet-recycling 28-05-2022

Plastic-Packaging – Carpet-recycling

– Interface Polymers and Flexipol win UKRI Smart Sustainable Plastic Packaging grant

Interface Polymers and Flexipol have jointly won funding through a competition run by UKRI’s Smart Sustainable Plastic Packaging challenge.

The £850,000 grant is to finance the 24-month collaborative project, titled  ‘Recycle Ready’ multi-layer barrier plastic packaging films, to provide fully recyclable LDPE multi-layer packaging, suitable for upcycling into high value applications.

This project brings together Interface Polymers’ internationally patented and proven surface functionality Polarfin additive technology that overcomes inherent molecular level non-compatibility between polyolefins to enable them to be recycled, and Flexipol’s film technology expertise and flexible packaging manufacturing capabilities.

The project team is also looking to provide multi-layer barrier packaging options with a minimum of 30 per cent recycled material that will not incur the £200 per tonne plastic packaging tax being introduced in the UK from April 2022.

In addition to legislative pressure, the project is looking to address a major packaging industry dilemma due to growing socioeconomic pressure for more sustainable product alternatives, such as mono-layer plastic packaging; while recyclable (ASTM D7611 RIC “4” & “5” classified), mono-layer flexible packaging cannot deliver the same level of functionality performance and product benefits provided by multi-layer barrier plastic packaging. The new Recycle Ready range will enable packaging manufacturers to offer retailers and consumers technically superior multi-layer barrier packaging products that will meet RIC “4” and “5” classifications, so will be 100 per cent recyclable. Plastic-Packaging – Carpet-recycling

The project’s key aim is to offer the packaging industry fully scalable alternative LDPE multi-layer barrier films for the commercial production of food approved multi-layer flexible packaging that can be repeatedly recycled using existing pure plastic waste streams sorting and separation processing plants.

Dr Tim Clayfield, Application Development Leader for Interface Polymers, said: “We are confident that together with Flexipol’s packaging expertise and processing capabilities, the project team can develop a range of RIC “4” labelled, fully recyclable food approved multi-layer barrier flexible plastic packaging products with no anisotropy issues, which can be reprocessed multiple times into high value recycled product applications.”

Plastic-Packaging - Carpet-recycling

-Producing PHA from sludge and organic waste

CAP Group is testing the process as part of the Circular Biocarbon project.

The biopolymer produced in an innovative BioPlatform would be used by Novamont. Producing bioplastics and biofertilizers starting from sewage sludge and the wet fraction of waste (Forsu): this is the goal of the Circular Biocarbon project, launched last year with the financing of the public-private consortium BBI-JU, which involves the Sesto San Giovanni, in the province of Milan (still in the design phase, rendering in the photo), and the sister plant in Zaragoza, Spain.

The biopolymers (polyhydroxyalcanonate, PHA) and the minerals (struvite) obtained from the process could be subsequently used for the synthesis of bioplastics, fertilizers with biostimulating properties and graphene for industrial use.

The research project provides for investments of 23 million euros, of which 2.5 assigned to the CAP Group, manager of the integrated water service of the metropolitan city of Milan and promoter of the new Italian BioPlatform.

The Lombard utility has undertaken in its laboratories the validation of an already existing technology for the treatment of sewage sludge and Forsu conferred by 6 Lombard municipalities, equal to about 30 thousand tons per year.

After an initial phase of study – says the CAP Group -, the processes could be operational in 2023: when fully operational, starting from 2024, it is expected to recover over 500 tons of PHA per year to be conferred to Novamont as part of a partnership multi-year started in 2018. Plastic-Packaging – Carpet-recycling

Struvite instead will be used as part of a partnership with the French company Agro Innovation International for the production of fertilizers with biostimulating properties.

Once the technology has been fine-tuned, the BioPlatform Model can be replicated in other areas of the country, with a view to accompanying modern smart cities towards a sustainable bioeconomy.

“These technologies and processes blend perfectly with the idea that led the CAP Group to create the BioPlatform, the first example of zero-emission industrial synergy – explains Alessandro Russo, president and CEO of the CAP Group

Producing PHA from sludge and organic waste

Interface-Polymers and Flexipol win UKRI-Smart-Sustainable-Plastic-Packaging grant

-Producing PHA-from-sludge-and-organic-waste

USUnifi announces Repreve Champions of Sustainability award winners

Aquafil closing its new California carpet-recycling-plant

Heimtextil Summer Special in Germany to focus on sustainability

-Corporate giants face internal pressure on plastic

Indorama set to commercialize PET-tray-recycling-process

-New chemical-recycling-technology

Plastic-Packaging – Carpet-recycling

PA66-fibers – UK-rPET-industry 27-05-2022

Carpet-recycling – PET-tray-recycling 28-05-2022

Carpet-recycling – PET-tray-recycling

-US’ Unifi announces Repreve Champions of Sustainability award winners

Unifi, the maker of Repreve and one of the leading innovators in recycled and synthetic yarns which is headquartered in the US, has announced the recipients of its fifth annual Repreve Champions of Sustainability awards. The awards recognise brand, textile and retail partners that have demonstrated a true commitment to supporting a more sustainable world.

Nike and Target both reached a major milestone this year, each having transformed more than two billion recycled plastic bottles through the use of Repreve fibre. Polartec, Walmart and Texhong have each transformed more than one billion bottles. This year’s recipients have helped turn a combined total of nearly 14 billion recycled plastic bottles into more sustainable products, Unifi said in a media statement.

Unifi’s Repreve Champions of Sustainability awards will be presented to 39 brand and retail partners that have transformed ten million or more recycled plastic bottles and 53 textile partners that have transformed 50 million or more recycled plastic bottles through the use of Repreve performance fibres. Carpet-recycling – PET-tray-recycling

Unifi is also recognising some special category award winners. Mavi, a Turkey-based international apparel brand with a strong reputation as a leader in the denim market and a focus on sustainability, got the special recognition award.

Jiaxing Xinran Textile, a China-based company that has incorporated Repreve in spandex-covered yarns, got the newcomer award. Lucky Textile Mills, a China-based textile mill that has created sustainable fabrics that perform in both hot and cold weather using Repreve TruTemp365, got the partner in innovation award.

“We are thrilled to announce the 2022 Repreve Champions of Sustainability. We applaud the demonstrated commitment to sustainability, which has allowed us to recycle more than 30 billion bottles to date,” Eddie Ingle, chief executive officer of Unifi, said in a statement.

Carpet-recycling - PET-tray-recycling

-Aquafil closing its new California carpet recycling plant

Shortly after opening its Northern California carpet recycling plant, Aquafil is working to close the facility and consolidate processing equipment elsewhere.

The Italy-headquartered fiber producer recycles nylon from carpet and other sources into fiber used in apparel and other textiles. It operates a plant in Phoenix that breaks carpet apart into its different materials and recycles the nylon and PP, while also recovering calcium carbonate. The nylon 6 pellets are shipped to Aquafil’s ECONYL plant in Slovenia, where a depolymerization process is used to recycle them.

Aquafil announced in 2019 it would open a similar plant in Woodland, Calif., near Sacramento, that year. The project experienced significant delays, meaning it is being closed shortly after fully opening. Carpet-recycling – PET-tray-recycling

California has the country’s only mandatory extended producer responsibility (EPR) program for carpet, although New York lawmakers recently passed a carpet EPR bill. Carpet America Recovery Effort (CARE), the stewardship group that runs California’s program, recently booted Aquafil off the CARE board for supporting the New York bill.

A spokeswoman for the company confirmed with Plastics Recycling Update that Aquafil is decommissioning the Woodland recycling facility and sending carpet scrap to Phoenix to be recycled. The Phoenix site is closer to Aquafil’s three carpet collection sites in Southern California, she said.

The spokesperson acknowledged “the decision was made due to insufficient carpet supply to feed two recycling facilities (Woodland and Phoenix) each with two lines of carpet recycling. We needed 70 million pounds of used carpet and we could not source enough.”

Additionally, Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) delayed power installation at the Woodland plant for over two years, “which did not help as Aquafil was trying to start up that facility and bring it up to the same speed as Phoenix.”

According to CARE’s report for 2020, the Woodland facility wasn’t expected to be fully operational until the third quarter of 2021. CARE had provided a $500,000 capital improvement grant to help Aquafil get the $12 million facility up and running.

Aquafil expects to decommission the Woodland facility by the end of this spring, the spokesperson said. All of the equipment will be reused by Aquafil either in Phoenix or at the Slovenia plant.

The company runs a number of other collection and processing facilities around the U.S.

Updated California program goals approved

Meanwhile, as Aquafil shuts down its Woodland plant, California regulators have approved aggressive new carpet recycling goals for the state program.

Carpet-recycling - PET-tray-recycling

-Heimtextil Summer Special in Germany to focus on sustainability

This year, Heimtextil Summer Special, to be held from June 21-24 in Germany, will offer know-how transfer, networking and inspiration on the topic of sustainability in textiles. Due to the current challenges, sustainability is a theme that runs through all sectors of the textile value chain, triggering processes and releasing enormous innovative power.

Environmental pollution, microplastics and high water consumption as well as increasing consumption are buzzwords that hit the textile industry on the topic of sustainability. The production of textiles consumes large amounts of resources, which poses challenges for the textile industry, especially in times of rising prices and supply bottlenecks. Carpet-recycling – PET-tray-recycling

For this reason, the home textiles industry has been dealing with the topic of circular economy for more than 10 years in order to save resources and make production and products more sustainable. Materials are not disposed of at the end of a product’s life, but are kept in circulation within the framework of sensible recycling and are reused in new products. At the same time, a functioning circular economy reduces the amount of waste and CO2 emissions. Manufacturers of home textiles are consistently pursuing the approach of a genuine circular economy and are focusing on reduction, energy efficiency, reuse and recycling.

Exhibitors present sustainable concepts and innovations at the international fair. For example, the Spanish manufacturer Francisco Jover S.A. (Hall 4.1, C14) will generate 99 per cent of the energy it needs from the photovoltaic system on its roof and will recycle 100 per cent of its plastic, paper and cardboard waste, the organiser said in a press release.

In addition, exhibitors such as Lech Fabrics (Hall 4.1, C91) will introduce high-quality PET fibres to their portfolio. Most fabrics used in the production of furniture are made of polyester. Therefore, according to Lech Fabrics, it is ideal to use plastics from other industries that would end up in the dustbin, or worse, in the forests and oceans. Lech Fabrics is therefore investing in innovation and expanding its portfolio of such products. In the process, the company says it saves 94 per cent water, 60 per cent energy and 32 per cent CO2 emissions in the production of its fibres from PET compared to new production.

The Austrian Lenzing Group will follow the path of a holistic approach that encompasses the circular economy and renewable materials. As a producer of wood-based pulps and fibres, Lenzing is at the beginning of the value chain for the production of textiles and nonwoven products. Here, the intensive cooperation of the entire value chain and the traceability of raw materials within the value chain are elementary. Carpet-recycling – PET-tray-recycling

-Corporate giants face internal pressure on plastic

A slight majority of shareholders at Chevron Phillips’ parent company recently voted to approve a resolution on shifting toward more recycled plastic use, while 37.4% of ExxonMobil shareholders voted in favor of a similar resolution. Amazon shareholders vote on a similar resolution this week.

Activist shareholder group As You Sow announced in a press release that 50.4% of Phillips 66 shareholders voted to support a resolution asking the energy company to detail its market risks of continuing to invest in virgin plastics. Shareholder resolutions are not binding. Carpet-recycling – PET-tray-recycling

The vote came at the company’s annual meeting on May 11. Phillips 66 is the joint owner of Chevron Phillips Chemical Company (CPChem), along with owner Chevron Corporation. According the company, the vote tally was 161,725,428 in favor of the resolution and 159,340,137 against, with 3,393,604 shareholders absent.

The resolution asks Phillips 66 to publish a report describing how it could shift from virgin to recycled polymers, assessing the resilience of its petrochemical assets under virgin-to-recycled transition scenarios. It also requires the company to study the financial risks associated with such scenarios, according to As You Sow.

The company recommended voting against the resolution in a shareholder document, saying it was not “in the best interests of the company and its shareholders.”

Phillips 66 said it and CPChem “are committed to keeping plastic out of the environment and progressing toward a more circular economy where plastic packaging is reused, recycled or recovered.”

It pointed to its target goal of producing 1 billion pounds of circular polymers by 2030 via mechanical and chemical recycling, “which makes this proposal unnecessary.”

Phillips 66 also noted that it invests in chemical recycling companies Nexus Circular and Mura Technology, Infinity Recycling’s circular plastics fund and the Circulate Capital Ocean Fund, and it pointed out that it is a founding member of the Alliance to End Plastic Waste.

However, As You Sow said the company’s planned expansions of virgin plastic production are three times higher than its recycled plastics target, and the activist group noted the Phillips 66 recycled plastics target is estimated to displace less than 8% of its virgin plastic production volumes by 2030.

According to CPChem’s February 2022 investor update, its global plastic projects, some which await final investment decisions this year, would add 3.8 million metric tons to its worldwide olefins and polyolefins capacity.

“Petrochemical companies that are serious about their commitments to end or combat plastic pollution cannot justify continuous and rapid expansion of virgin plastic production,” said Joshua Romo, energy and plastics associate at As You Sow. “We hope this majority vote will motivate the company to thoroughly assess its exposure to the single-use plastic supply chain and provide investors with information on how it will decrease transition risk as the world moves away from virgin and single-use plastics.” Carpet-recycling – PET-tray-recycling

Carpet-recycling - PET-tray-recycling

-Indorama set to commercialize PET tray recycling process

Indorama Ventures is moving into the commercial stage of a project in which post-consumer PET trays are recycled into flake used in food packaging.

According to a press release, Thailand-based Indorama Ventures has been testing the technology at its Wellman France Recycling facility in Verdun for the past six years. The project is in collaboration with French environmental service companies Valorplast and Citeo.

Indorama noted it has recently developed a commercially feasible recycling solution for monolayer PET trays, with the collaboration of plastic packaging producer Klöckner Pentaplast. The technology will recycle over 50 million post-consumer PET trays per year, the press release said.

“Development of tray recycling has been a goal for some time. We are proud that – together with our partners – we have been able to develop a commercially and technically feasible process that allows us to produce a dedicated RPET flake product for the food packaging market,” Indorama Ventures Recycling Group said in the press release. Carpet-recycling – PET-tray-recycling

The facility is now processing 500 metric tons of PET trays monthly, recycling the trays into flake for use in new trays. The press release noted that the purity of the flakes is comparable with high-quality bottle flake.

The company is planning to scale up the technology and process 10,000 metric tons of tray flake in 2022, the press release said.

Indorama set to commercialize PET tray recycling process

-New chemical recycling technology

Teijin Frontier Co. Ltd., the Teijin Group’s fibers and products converting company, announced that it has developed a recycling technology using a new depolymerization catalyst to recycle colored polyester fibers without losing the quality of polyester fibers made from petroleum-derived raw materials. The new technology also lowers environmental load compared to conventional recycling.

The technology produces recycled materials equivalent to petroleum-derived polyester raw materials. Using a new depolymerization catalyst for the conventional bis (2-hydroxyethyl) terephthalate (BHET) method, spent polyester is chemically decomposed and purified back into BHET intermediate raw material before being repolymerized into polyester. Carpet-recycling – PET-tray-recycling

The production process is simpler than using dimethyl terephthalate (DMT) and ethylene glycol in a transesterification reaction, so recycling is achieved with less energy consumption. Also, the new technology reuses resources such as wastewater, waste liquid and depolymerization catalysts.

Teijin Frontier will launch a pilot facility at its Matsuyama Plant this month and proceed with verification tests. It also will continue developing recycling technologies to improve the quality of recycled raw materials and reduce environmental load. Aiming to realize a sustainable value chain for a circular economy, Teijin Frontier is working to establish a mechanism for sustainable fiber-to-fiber recycling of polyester in cooperation with partner companies and consortiums both in Japan and globally.

Compared to material recycling, which melts and molds used products including polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles, DMT-based chemical recycling results in less deterioration of quality due to recycling, but its energy consumption is high.

New chemical recycling technology

Carpet-recycling – PET-tray-recycling

PA66-fibers – UK-rPET-industry 27-05-2022

PA66-fibers – UK-rPET-industry 27-05-2022

PA66-fibers – UK-rPET-industry

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend  Polyestertime

-DOMO Chemicals Launches NYLEO®, The New Brand For Its Innovative Performance Fibers Product Line

NYLEO® is the new brand for DOMO’s Performance Fibers product line, bringing together a compelling combination of well-established performance fibers and groundbreaking new solutions. Based on nylon 6,6, NYLEO is used in numerous applications in the textile, flooring, flock and abrasive markets. Thanks to its unique properties, it offers a wide range of actions to enhance product performance.

“In a fast-changing world, markets and consumers demand innovative solutions to meet the daily requisites for health, safety and sustainability,” said Nicolas Forien, sales director PA66 & Fibers at DOMO. “At DOMO, because we are a key polyamide player equipped with the world’s most recent polymerization line for staple fiber, we are committed to achieving cutting-edge breakthroughs in PA 66 fibers. This is demonstrated in our innovative NYLEO line of nylon 66 value-added solutions. These include new products for flame retardancy, enhanced biodegradability, and inhibiting bacteria.”  PA66-fibers – UK-rPET-industry

NYLEO merges a rich heritage in the nylon 6,6-based fiber market with a new focus on innovation with three pioneering products: NYLEO PROTECT with improved flame retardancy, NYLEO 4EARTH® with enhanced biodegradability, and NYLEO SAFE with bacteriostatic properties.

DOMO’s legacy of innovation in nylon 6,6 fibers

Based at its Valence site in France, DOMO’s Performance Fibers teams work passionately to create unique fibers designed to meet key market needs. DOMO has been producing world-class PA66 fibers since 1955 for such industries as nonwovens for abrasives and aeronautics, flooring for carpets, high performance textiles, flock for upholstery, automotive interiors and flooring, and many other consumer products. The NYLEO brand will now be applied to the full portfolio of polyamide 6.6 (PA 66) fiber products, including staple fibers, crimped tow and tow for flock. These are well known for their superior resilience, outstanding wear and abrasion resistance, higher tenacity, excellent dyeability and color fastness, consistent quality, and soft feel.

DOMO Chemicals Launches NYLEO®, The New Brand For Its Innovative Performance Fibers Product Line

-CJ BIO and NatureWorks Working Towards a Master Collaboration Agreement to Commercialize Novel Biopolymers

The two companies have agreed to collaborate on creating advanced products based on industry-leading Ingeo PLA and Phact PHA technologies to meet growing demand for sustainable materials across a broad  array of markets

CJ BIO (U.S. office in Woburn, Mass.), a division of South Korea-based CJ CheilJedang and leading producer of amorphous polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA), and leading producer of PLA NatureWorks, have signed a letter of intent establishing a strategic alignment between the two organizations and have announced that the two companies are working toward a Master Collaboration Agreement (MCA). The companies will work together to develop sustainable material based on CJ BIO’s Phact marine biodegradable PHA bioplastic and NatureWorks’ Ingeo PLA bioplastic. Their goal is to develop high-performance biopolymers that will replace fossil fuel-based plastics in applications ranging from compostable food packaging and food serviceware to personal care, and beyond. PA66-fibers – UK-rPET-industry

A pioneer in the development of biobased materials NatureWorks has developed many of the leading high-volume applications for PLA. In recent years, PLA has experienced significant growth as a biobased material in a broad range of finished products. Due to its unique functionality, it has been used to replace petrochemical-based plastics, with 100% biobased content, and enable end-of-use recovery options, including compostability and chemical or coated paper recycling. Both companies realize the potential to further enhance performance and end-of-use solutions for biopolymers and increase the level of adoption across many new applications. By combining their expertise and technology platforms, NatureWorks and CJ aim to deliver next-generation solutions together. Initial development and collaboration are showing very promising results when using CJ BIO’s unique amorphous PHA in combination with Ingeo biopolymer.

PA66-fibers - UK-rPET-industry

DOMO-Chemicals Launches NYLEO®, The New Brand For Its Innovative Performance-Fibers Product Line

CJ-BIO and NatureWorks Working Towards a Master Collaboration Agreement to Commercialize Novel Biopolymers

-Scientists make #plastic-moredegradable under #UV-light

UK-rPET-industry must grow to meet brand demand

Environmental-Impact-Assessment: Reducing Taiwan’s virgin-plastics

Plastics-fund reveals investment in artificial-intelligence-for -RF-sorting

Energy-savings for packaging leader: WEG-permanent-magnet-motor saves for Orleplast

China committed to Asia-Pacific free-trade -rea: Minister Wang

PA66-fibers – UK-rPET-industry

Fabric-absorb-CO2 -PS-recycled 26-05-2022

rPET-industry – Plastics-sorting 27-05-2022

rPET-industry – Plastics-sorting

-Scientists make plastic more degradable under UV light

Many plastics that are labelled as biodegradable are only compostable under industrial conditions, but scientists at the University of Bath have now found a way to make plastics break down using only UV light.

As a result of increasing public concern over plastic waste, PLA (Poly(lactic acid)), created using lactic acid from the fermentation of sugars, is now widely used as a renewable, sustainable alternative to plastics derived from crude oil products — used in everything from disposable cups and teabags to 3D printing and packaging.

It is often labelled as biodegradable, however it has limited degradability in natural environments, for example in soil or in seawater, and it only degrades under industrial composting conditions of high temperatures and humidity — not achievable in domestic compost heaps.  rPET-industry – Plastics-sorting

Now scientists at the Centre for Sustainable and Circular Technologies (CSCT) at the University of Bath have developed a way that could make these plastics more degradable in the natural environment.

The team found that they can tweak the degradability of the plastic by incorporating different amounts of sugar molecules into the polymer.

They found that incorporating as little as three per cent sugar polymer units into PLA led to 40% degradation within six hours of exposure to UV light.

Most promisingly, the technology is compatible with existing plastic manufacturing processes, meaning it could potentially be tested and adopted quickly by the plastics industry.

Publishing in Chemical Communications, the researchers hope their findings will be used in the future by the plastics industry to help make plastic waste more degradable at the end of the life of the product.

Dr Antoine Buchard, Royal Society University Research Fellow and Reader in Polymer Chemistry from the CSCT, led the research, which was supported by the Royal Society.

He said: “Lots of plastics are labelled as biodegradable, but unfortunately this is only true if you dispose of it in an industrial waste composter — if put into domestic compost heaps, it can last for years.

“Most PLA plastics are made up of long polymer chains which can be difficult for water and enzymes to break down. Our research adds sugars into the polymer chains, linking everything together by bonds that can be broken using UV light.

“This weakens the plastic, breaking it down into smaller polymer chains that are then more sensitive to hydrolysis.  rPET-industry – Plastics-sorting

“This could make the plastic much more biodegradable in the natural environment, for example in in the ocean or in a garden compost heap.

“Previously scientists have looked at enhancing the degradability of PLA to water — hydrolysis — but this is the first time anyone has looked at using light.

rPET-industry - Plastics-sorting

-UK rPET industry must grow to meet brand demand

Consumer giant Nestle’s recent announcement that it had reached 100pc recycled PET (rPET) content in all of Buxton water brand UK bottles is another sign of rampant competition for recycled content in packaging, and raises a question over whether supply can keep up with the growing demand.

Many companies and brands in the UK fast-moving consumer goods (FMGC) sector are aiming to increase recycled content in plastic packaging. Some, such as Buxton and Japanese firm Suntory’s blackcurrant drink Ribena, as well as all Coca-Cola Great Britain’s smaller bottles, have scaled up quite quickly to 100pc recycled content. But trade association the British Plastics Federation (BPF) estimates the current average level of recycled content in the UK PET bottle market is just 15-20pc, and space for others to scale up their use of recyclates is ever more limited.

The BPF’s Recycling Roadmap finds around 350,000t PET bottles were placed on the UK market, and environmental non-profit Recoup estimates around 75pc of these were collected for recycling. rPET-industry – Plastics-sorting

This is consistent with Argus estimates of an around 87.5pc operating rate of at the UK’s 300,000 t/yr of PET recycling capacity. The average ‘process loss’ during PET recycling in Europe is around 30pc, according to Plastics Recyclers Europe (PRE), meaning rPET output capacity is a little over 180,000 t/yr, or enough for a little over 50pc of bottles put onto the market.

The need for special certification for food-contact applications is a major bottleneck to supply, with just 30,000-35,000 t/yr of production capacity for food-grade rPET pellets in 2020 according to the BPF Recycling Roadmap, although this is likely to have risen.

The UK’s implementation of a £200/t ($250/t) tax on all plastic packaging with less than 30pc recycled content may add complications, because this applies to PET applications outside of the bottle industry, particularly trays. The UK PET tray market was nearly half the size of the bottle market in 2019, according to BPF data, but tray-to-tray recycling, which would create an rPET stream specifically aimed at non-bottle applications, has still to develop.

Scope for rPET imports is limited, given tightness in the European market and with the EU Directive on Single-Use Plastics (SUP) setting out an obligation for PET bottles to include 25pc recycled content by 2025. Meeting this probably means including more than 25pc rPET given the comparative difficulty of sourcing food-grade recycled polyolefins for caps and closures.

The more than 3mn t of PET bottles placed on the European market in 2020 suggests Europe-wide demand for food grade rPET would easily exceed 1mn t by that 2025 deadline. Latest data from PRE show just 632,000 t of rPET pellets manufactured in 2020. rPET-industry – Plastics-sorting

Nestle Waters UK head of corporate affairs and sustainability Hayley Lloyd House told Argus “there is higher demand than ever across many industries for recycled PET plastic, and the volume PET plastic collected for bottle recycling is not keeping up with that demand.” She said a Deposit Return Schemes (DRS) “is the best solution to increase bottle collection rates, whilst helping to improve the quality of recycled PET.”

rPET-industry - Plastics-sorting

-Environmental Impact Assessment: Reducing Taiwan’s virgin plastics

Post-consumer recycled plastic is finally gaining the value it should have gotten long ago, due to its environmental friendliness compared to virgin material

Household appliances contain plastic components. Medical devices made of sterile plastic, such as disposable syringes and plasma bags, are indispensable to 21st-century healthcare. By preventing bruising and contamination, plastic packaging reduces food waste. Plastic cups and dishes are less fragile than ceramic tableware. PVC pipes and window frames have made house-building cheaper.

But not everyone who benefits from this wonder material knows that plastics production requires huge amounts of energy, most of which is generated by burning fossil fuels. Plastics plants are also a source of harmful pollutants including benzene.

Nor do all consumers appreciate the extent to which plastic waste is polluting the natural environment. Microplastics (fragments no larger than a fifth of an inch, 5.08mm) have been found in soil, in snow high above sea level and even in bottled drinking water. These pieces often break down even further, into particles known as nanoplastics, which are so small they can penetrate human organs and tissues.

Taiwan’s Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) is trying to wean the public off single-use plastics such as drinking straws and disposable cups. They’ve had some success, yet no one expects the daily torrent of discarded plastic to slow to a trickle anytime soon. rPET-industry – Plastics-sorting


Fortunately, other trends are converging to make humankind’s addiction to plastics less environmentally damaging.

rPET-industry - Plastics-sorting

-Plastics fund reveals investment in artificial intelligence for MRF sorting

The Future of Plastics Fund has made its first investment to support Greyparrot, the developer of an artificial intelligence waste recognition system and analytics platform intended to enable better sorting of plastics and other waste streams.

Greyparrot’s system is designed to automate waste composition analysis and the monitoring, auditing and sorting of waste flows at scale.

The investment, of undisclosed value, is intended to enable Greyparrot to expand into new waste streams. It has already analysed more than 10 billion packaging items in sorting plants.

Claire Shrewsbury, director of insights and innovation at WRAP, a sponsor of the fund, said: “There is an urgent need for investment which can support new infrastructure to increase plastic recycling. rPET-industry – Plastics-sorting

“Currently many of the technologies capable of addressing barriers in the plastic supply chains are still at a relatively early stage of development and need financial support to develop and come on stream.

“If we are to see an increase in recycling rates globally, and a reduction in plastic waste in the environment, then we need to support these innovative new technologies.”

Lucy Mortimer, a partner at the Future of Plastics Fund, said: “Much of the plastic that enters our economy never gets recycled. Problematic packaging formats and ineffective sorting means much can end up in landfill rather than finding value in the circular economy.

“Investment in Greyparrot will enable more material recovery facilities…to achieve a higher degree of sorting and a greater proportion of plastic being recycled.”

Greyparrot said it had also raised funds from a number of other sources totalling  $11m in all (£8.8m) to enable it to later expand to new waste types.

It said there had until now been limited data on the 2.1 billion tonnes of waste produced each year and no systematic transparency on its composition or accountability for how it is managed.

“Despite consumers’ best efforts to recycle, poor packaging design and ineffective sorting means that much of what goes into recycling bins still ends up in landfill,” the company said.

rPET-industry - Plastics-sorting

-Energy savings for packaging leader: WEG permanent magnet motor saves for Orleplast 

Global motor manufacturer, WEG has successfully completed an energy saving project for Orleplast, a leading packaging manufacturer based in Brazil. With the initial goal of achieving greater productivity, Orleplast took the opportunity to invest in more efficient equipment for its site, turning to the experts at WEG’s Energy Efficiency Business Centre for support. rPET-industry – Plastics-sorting

Orleplast is one of the largest packaging and disposable plastic manufacturers and ias based in Santa Catarina, Brazil. Having established in 1992 specialising in manufacturing plastic hoses, Orleplast  soon expanded and began to concentrate its production on a wider breadth of packaging supplies, such as bags, sacks and rolls. Today, the company produces about 600 tons of packaging products every single month.

When considering an upgrade to its equipment, Orleplast chose to prioritise efficiency to ensure better green credentials for its manufacturing site. Upon approaching WEG, Oreplast was specified a unique WEG technology, the modern line of W22 Magnet electric motors.

The W22 Magnet is a line of motors from WEG with permanent magnets in their construction. The inclusion of a magnet works to lower the temperature of the motor, enabling a reduction of its frame size in comparison to traditional induction motors. Another important feature is that the torque remains constant even at low speeds, so users won’t experience any decrease in productivity.

“One of the key benefits of the W22 magnet motors is that they operate at lower temperatures than traditional alternatives,” explained Marek Lukaszczyk, marketing manager for Europe and Middle East at WEG. “ As a result, maintenance costs tend to be lower because the bearings last longer in these lower operating temperatures.”

In addition to the use of W22 Magnet motors at 300 and 350 horsepower, the motor’s drive was replaced with the WEG CFW11 variable speed drive (VSD). Like all of WEG’s range of drives and inverters, the CFW11 can significantly improve the energy efficiency of a motor, thus improving the plant’s overall energy consumption.

According to an energy performance report, the savings from the new installation amounted to 286,416 kWh/year — that’s enough to supply 85 homes for one year. Orleplast also benefitted from a return on investment of just 2.7 years.

Such savings resulted in 36.2 tons of CO2 that are no longer emitted into the atmosphere annually. rPET-industry – Plastics-sorting

Energy savings for packaging leader: WEG permanent magnet motor saves for Orleplast 

-China committed to Asia-Pacific free trade area: Minister Wang

Commerce minister Wang Wentao recently expressed China’s commitment to achieving a comprehensive Asia-Pacific free trade area. He was speaking virtually at the 28th trade ministers’ meeting of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC). He said all APEC members should take building an Asia-Pacific community with a shared future as the main line. rPET-industry – Plastics-sorting

The members should comprehensively promote practical cooperation in various fields of trade and investment, he said.

Free-trade arrangements should be explored as the main channel for promoting regional economic integration, and efforts should be made to advance regional inclusive development, he was quoted as saying by official Chinese media.

The minister reiterated that China will open its door wider and is continuously providing a driving force for the stable growth of global and regional economies.

The minister stressed that China firmly supports the multilateral trading system with the World Trade Organisation (WTO) as its core, maintains the security and stability of the global industrial and supply chains, and delivers more benefits to all parties.

APEC can play its role as a booster, stabiliser and incubator, and can provide strong support to the work of the WTO, he said.

China committed to Asia-Pacific free trade area: Minister Wang

rPET-industry – Plastics-sorting

Fabric-absorb-CO2 -PS-recycled 26-05-2022

Fabric-absorb-CO2 -PS-recycled 26-05-2022

Fabric-absorb-CO2 -PS-recycled

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend Polyestertime

-H&M develops a fabric that can absorb CO2 from the surroundings; here is everything you need to know

H&M and HKRITA have developed a fabric that can absorb CO2 and release it as food for plants.

The clothing brand H&M is a part of the Science news today, if you are wondering why?. The Swedish clothing brand Hennes & Mauritz AB (H&M) and the Hong Kong Research Institute of Textiles and Apparel (HKRITA) have come up with an interesting discovery – a clothing that can absorb carbon-di-oxide (CO2).

Under the Planet First initiative of the Stockholm-based clothing brand and HKRITA, the project carbon-looper was constituted. A particular type of amine-containing solution was developed and cotton – fiber, yarn, and fabric were treated. The treatment made the cotton absorb carbon-di-oxide from the surrounding air, on the surface of the cloth. Fabric-absorb-CO2 -PS-recycled

The absorbed CO2 can then be released by heating the cloth to 30-40°C, in a greenhouse where the plants can then naturally use the CO2 for photosynthesis while releasing oxygen. The amount of CO2 recycled by the cellulosic fabric per day is said to be similar to a third of the amount a tree absorbs per day in nature. The brand claims after three ‘loop cycles’ the fabric will effectively climate neutralize itself, and have a climate positive effect post that. This is important because the textile industry is said to have a large carbon footprint.

-INEOS Styrolution presented new PS grade containing mechanically recycled post-consumer waste

INEOS Styrolution, the global leader in styrenics, has announced the introduction of its new Styrolution® PS ECO 260 MR85 grade containing mechanically recycled post-consumer waste, said he company.

This grade is available across markets in Asia at commercial scale with immediate effect. The new Styrolution PS ECO 260 MR85 contains 85 percent recycled post-consumer content from waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE). It offers identical mechanical properties as virgin HIPS equivalent, including very good mechanical performance, consistency and high fluidity, making it an excellent drop-in solution for application developers in the household and electronics industries.

Produced at INEOS Styrolution’s Foshan site in China, this new grade is currently available in standard black and grey, and in commercial quantities to customers across Asia. HyoungJoon Kim, Polystyrene Business Director APAC, comments: “We are very pleased to be able to offer our high-quality recycled PS grade to our customers in Asia, helping them reduce their carbon footprint and achieving their sustainability goals.” Fabric-absorb-CO2 -PS-recycled

Johnson Lin, Research Development Centre & Technical Service Director APAC, adds: “We are very excited to introduce our first recycled PS grade produced here in Asia. This new grade can be used without any change in our customers’ processes or equipment, making it a convenient drop-in solution for our customers.”

As per MRC, INEOS is to develop a dedicated acetonitrile unit at its Cologne, Germany site to capitalise on anticipated pharmaceuticals sector demand for the material. The company is to develop a 15,000 tonne/year production facility at the site to enhance supplies for its European customer base, on the back of anticipated demand from the pharmaceutical, agrochemical and bioscience sectors.

Fabric-absorb-CO2 -PS-recycled

H&M develops a fabric-that-can-absorb-CO2 from the surroundings; here is everything you need to know

INEOS-Styrolution presented new PS-grade containing mechanically-recycled-post-consumer-waste

France setting the pace for PET-chemical-recycling in Europe First industrial solution for bottle-to-bottle-recycling of body detergent-bottles made of high-density-polyethylene (HDPE)

-New method to convert plastic-trash-into-clean-hydrogen-fuel

BottleOne partners with SIPA: getting an integral handle-on-PET-packaging

-Has Honeywell produced a fully recyclable-blister-pack?

US-nonwovens-output increases in 2021

Fabric-absorb-CO2 -PS-recycled

Nylon-circularity – Russian-fossil-fuels 25-05-2022

Chemical-recycling – High-density-polyethylene 26-05-2022

Chemical-recycling – High-density-polyethylene

-France setting the pace for PET chemical recycling in Europe

France is continuing to lead the way in the development of the polyethylene terephthalate chemical recycling industry in Europe, with a spate of new facility announcements set to build out capacity in the country.

France will have three polyethylene terephthalate (PET) chemical recycling facilities opening by 2025, aiming to become the leader in new recycling technologies in Europe. Announcements from Eastman, Loop Industries and Carbios highlight not only the opportunities but also the challenges still facing the recycling industry. Namely, feedstocks.

The announcements point to positive progression within the chemical recycling sector for PET, but also raises questions around Europe’s – and the world’s – ability to provide these new facilities with the material they need.

Any new venture that requires plastic waste as a feedstock makes the established but supply constrained mechanical recycling sector nervous – especially if they view the new capacities as competition for raw materials.

At present the operating capacities of chemical recycling plants remains low in comparison to mechanical recycling, and Europe has a lower capacity in comparison to some regions such as Asia Pacific and North America at less than 100,000 tonnes/year.

Capacities are projected to rise rapidly, given the announced projects and assuming adequate volumes and qualities of feedstocks can be sourced to feed those plants.

New facility investments

Loop Industries announced that it has selected Port-Jerome-sur-Seine, in Normandy, as the site for a 70,000 tonne PET chemical recycling facility as part of the company’s partnership with Suez, with a projected investment of €250m.

The plant will take in waste plastic feedstock, transported down the Seine River from the Paris region, and will use Loop’s proprietary depolymerisation technology, Infinite Loop, to break down the PET and polyester waste into its base monomers. This will be used to produce 100% R-PET resin and polyester fibre.

Construction is expected to begin in 2023, with commissioning taking place 18 months later, though it remains unclear if the plant will reach commercial scale by 2025 to meet the EU’s target for 25% recycled content in all PET beverage bottles by 2025.

US chemicals major Eastman also announced plans to invest up to $1bn in a hard-to-recycle PET waste methanolysis-based chemical recycling facility in France. These feedstocks include all types of PET packaging, carpets, and apparel.

The facility would use Eastman’s polyester renewal technology via a methanolysis depolymerisation unit to chemically recycle up to 160,000 tonnes/year of PET waste that is currently incinerated. The total output capacity of the facility was not stated, as it is dependent on yields from the waste PET inputted. The plant it slated to be operational by 2025.

Carbios and Indorama Ventures (IVL) have announced a joint venture to build an enzymatic-based PET chemical recycling plant at IVL’s PET production site in Longlaville, Meurthe-et-Moselle.

The plant is expected to be operational in 2025 and will have a slated post-consumer PET waste input capacity of 50,000 tonnes/year. The investment is estimated at €150m for Carbios’ core technology, which includes the integration of an additional purification stage. Chemical-recycling – High-density-polyethylene

A further €50m is reserved for the infrastructure preparation of the site. A feasibility study will be conducted for the industrialisation of Carbios’ technology on the IVL production site.

The plant will use Carbios’ C-ZYME enzymatic recycling technology, referred to by Carbios as ‘bio-recycling’. Enzymatic recycling is also known as enzymatic hydrolysis and is a form of chemical recycling.

Carbios’ recycling technology uses an enzyme capable of depolymerising PET, which is then purified before being repolymerised back into PET. The joint venture follows the set-up of a demonstration plant in Clermont-Ferrand that was established to essentially prove the process, which would support not only the build of a plant, but also others that are running under licensing agreements.

Chemical-recycling - High-density-polyethylene Technology: First industrial solution for bottle-to-bottle recycling of body detergent bottles made of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) Technology has just presented the first industrial technology solution for the bottle-to-bottle recycling of detergent bottles made of high-density polyethylene (HDPE). The clients for this project were Beiersdorf AG and the Fraunhofer Institute for Process Engineering and Packaging. Chemical-recycling – High-density-polyethylene

Used shampoo and shower gel bottles have been almost entirely reprocessed without any loss of quality in a water-saving process at the technical facility in Görlitz. The rHDPE granulate obtained from bimodal high-density polyethylene was completely reintroduced into the production cycle, producing new detergent bottles solely from recycled granulate, that meet the quality standards of new products.

With this, offers the technology for a closed HDPE cycle – without the addition of virgin granulate necessary in other processes. “Our solution is a sustainable and water-saving method to fully recycle HDPE in large quantities”, explains Managing Director Heinz R. Schnettler.

Plastic for the Cosmetic Industry with High Stability

HDPE is very suitable for numerous applications due to its high stability and tensile strength. In the detergent industry, bottles are typically manufactured by extrusion blow molding and have a label attached. The cap is usually made of polypropylene (PP).

Efficient Recycling with Minimal Wastewater

In its in-house demonstration center, has reprocessed the used bottles using its own equipment. Before recycling, they are first sorted by color with the caps and crushed using a granulator. A dry cleaner then removes residual ingredients inside the bottles without any wastewater. Stubborn contaminants are first soaked and then removed from the plastic using friction and hot water. The label adhesive is then removed and the material is mechanically and thermally dried. Finally, the air stream of the zig-zag separator separates the bottles and caps from labels particles according to their bulk density. In order to separate the HDPE from the other components for reuse at the end, the polypropylene is separated using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR). After compounding, it is regranulated into rHDPE and can be directly reused to produce new bottles. Chemical-recycling – High-density-polyethylene

Chemical-recycling - High-density-polyethylene

-New method to convert plastic trash into clean hydrogen fuel

Scientists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore have developed a new method for plastic waste to be converted into hydrogen based on pyrolysis, a high temperature chemical processUnlike PET plastic bottles which can be recycled easily, plastic litter containing contaminated food packaging, styrofoam and plastic bags, is challenging to recycle. They are currently incinerated or buried in landfills, leading to both water and ground pollution. Using pyrolysis, plastic litter can then be converted into two main products, hydrogen and a form of solid carbon, called carbon nanotubes. Chemical-recycling – High-density-polyethylene

Hydrogen is useful for generating electricity and powering fuel cells like those found in electric vehicles, with clean water as its only by-product.

To further refine the new conversion method and to assess its commercial feasibility, the research team is test-bedding it on the NTU Smart Campus to treat local plastic waste, in partnership with Bluefield Renewable Energy, a local environmental firm that specialises in mobile waste to resources technologies.

The multimillion-dollar research joint project, supported by the Industry Alignment Fund-Industry Collaboration Projects (IAF-ICP) administered by Singapore’s Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), aims to develop feasible solutions to economically scale up the conversion of waste plastics to hydrogen over the next three years. The project will also explore the potential of other emerging technologies for decentralised waste management. The conversion of challenging waste streams into energy and valuable resources, such as syngas, biochar, activated carbon and carbon nanotubes will be investigated. Chemical-recycling – High-density-polyethylene

With 832 million kilogrammes of unrecycled plastic waste generated in Singapore annually, the converted energy could potentially power up to 1,000 five-room apartments for a year. Led by Associate Professor Grzegorz Lisak from NTU’s Nanyang Environment and Water Research Institute (NEWRI), the research project used marine litter collected from local waters in collaboration with the Ocean Purpose Project, a non-governmental organisation and social enterprise based in Singapore.

Chemical-recycling - High-density-polyethylene

-BottleOne partners with SIPA: getting an integral handle on PET packaging

This could be the beginning of another new chapter in the story of PET packaging. BottleOne in Atlanta, GA, thinks technology that it has developed could lead to large HDPE bottles being replaced by higher performance versions in PET with fully integral handles. SIPA is helping it, with equipment to make the special preforms and to blow the beautiful bottles. SIPA is currently developing several new unit cavity preforms.

The development of the PET bottle with an integral PET handle – which is also called BottleOne – took nearly a decade. Chemical-recycling – High-density-polyethylene

It is protected by multiple patents. The initial patent has been approved in eight countries and is now pending in over 20 countries.

For decades, designers and packaging makers have been trying to figure out how to create a cost-e