Automotive recycling – Exceptional : Hyundai develops new technology that reduces the size of its electric motors 30-11-2023

Automotive recycling

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Recycling of automotive shredder residues

In the past, when recycling electronic waste, cars and many other “end-of-life products”, it was important to recover the valuable metal fractions as completely as possible.

This has changed due to the European Commission’s binding target of using at least 25% recycled plastics in new vehicles. To meet this target, additional recycling processes will be necessary in the future.

One of the main targets is that 25% of the plastics used in new cars should come from recycled materials, a quarter of which should come from End-of-life vehicles.

In total, 30% of plastics from scrapped vehicles are to be recycled, compared to only 19% today.  Automotive recycling

The regulation requires car manufacturers to provide dismantling facilities with detailed instructions for the replacement and removal of components at the End of a vehicle’s useful life.

The average car contains between 150 and 200 kg of plastic. The measures would reduce carbon emissions by ~12.3 million tons annually by 2035, according to the Commission. It estimates that the scheme will lead to net revenues of 1.8 billion euros by 2035.

Hamos is a manufacturer of recycling and separation systems for the unmixed processing of various hard plastics from automotive shredder residue. Automotive recycling

When vehicles are shredded, a valuable metal fraction consisting of ferrous and non-ferrous metals is produced on the one hand. On the other hand, the so-called “shredder light fraction” is obtained, in which all other materials such as plastic bumpers, seat upholstery, dashboards, headliners and much more are present in shredded form. In addition to these products, there is also a considerable proportion of rubber, which comes from the car tires that are sometimes shredded together with the car body. The hard plastic fractions produced after separation of the “light fraction” still contain the unwanted rubber pieces from shredded tires. Some of these rubber pieces are in the same density range as the thermoplastics and therefore cannot be separated using density separation processes.

More… Automotive recycling

German, Danish companies ink green hydrogen offtake pact

 The signing of the German-Danish green hydrogen offtake declaration in Copenhagen. Photo credit: German-Danish Changer of Commerce

Thirty-two stakeholders, including Danish producers and suppliers of green hydrogen as well as German offtakers, have jointly signed an Offtake Declaration, highlighting the pressing demand for advancing hydrogen offtake and infrastructure to support the growth of the emerging industry.

The declaration was signed during the German-Danish Green Hydrogen Summit in Copenhagen hosted by Dansk Industri.  Automotive recycling

Recognising the potential for green hydrogen production in Denmark and demand in Germany, the companies are calling on the two governments to accelerate the planned hydrogen infrastructure and establish a link between the supply and demand in the two nations by 2028. To ensure the deployment of the announced hydrogen infrastructure capacity between Germany and Denmark by 2028, the final investment decision for the cross-border infrastructure must be made by mid-2024, the declaration reads.

The current industrial hydrogen demand in Germany is the highest among European nations, reaching 55 TWh annually, with a substantial projected increase in the long term towards 2050. To meet it, Germany anticipates to need 45 TWh- 90 TWh of hydrogen imports by 2030.

Simultaneously, Denmark’s export potential for Germany alone is projected to be 16 TWh in 2030, equivalent to around 4.5 GW of electrolysis capacity. Automotive recycling


Automotive recycling

HKRITA unveils G2G, an innovative garment recycling system

The Hong Kong Research Institute of Textiles and Apparel (HKRITA) has unveiled a groundbreaking garment recycling system known as Garment to Garment (G2G). Climate activist and sustainability content creator Sam Bentley recently shared details of this innovative system, emphasizing its eco-friendly, closed-loop approach that eliminates the need for water or chemicals, as highlighted on the official G2G website.

In a comprehensive video presentation, Sam Bentley elaborates on the G2G process, which involves the transformation of old garments into a fibrous web through a cleaning procedure. This web is then skillfully spun into durable twisted yarns, which, in turn, are mechanically knitted into entirely new clothing items. A noteworthy feature of the G2G machine is its incorporation of a 3-D body scanner, allowing the creation of tailor-fit garments on-site.  Automotive recycling

Although the G2G machine was initially established in 2018 as a mini-scale production line within a retail setting, where it recycled post-consumer garments into new apparel, it has recently gained renewed attention due to Sam Bentley’s social media endorsement. The fashion industry’s staggering annual production of 100 billion garments contributes significantly to global carbon air pollution (2 to 8 per cent) and generates a substantial 20 per cent of global wastewater. Additionally, more than 100 million tonnes of textile waste find their way into landfills each year. The deployment of G2G technology emerges as a promising solution with the potential to significantly reduce this immense waste.

The G2G system stands out as a breakthrough in sustainable textile practices, offering an efficient and environmentally friendly process for transforming old clothes into new ones. Its potential impact on alleviating textile waste aligns with the escalating concerns surrounding the environmental footprint of the fashion industry. Automotive recycling

Automotive recycling

Pakistan, China forge textile ties

Delegation explores silk hub, paves way for collaboration

A Pakistani delegation, led by Hussain Haider, Pakistan’s Consul General in Shanghai, visited Shengze Oriental Textile City in Suzhou, China, and met with representatives from local textile enterprises.

During the meeting, Haider introduced the trade and investment environment of Pakistan and China, with a particular focus on the preferential policies available to Chinese investors in Pakistan. “Currently, Pakistan’s textile exports to China mainly consist of cotton yarn, apparel, cotton fabrics, and home textiles, with cotton yarn accounting for 73% of the total,” he stated.  Automotive recycling

Expressing a strong desire for deep cooperation with Shengze’s silk and textile industry cluster, he extended an invitation to Shengze’s enterprises to visit Pakistan and gain first-hand knowledge of the trade and investment policies.

Shengze is renowned for its robust silk and textile industry with a rich history. To gain insights into the dynamics of the textile sector and explore potential collaborations, the delegation toured several textile enterprises in Shengze Oriental Textile City and reached preliminary cooperation intentions. Haider said, “We hope to further communicate and connect with Shengze Oriental Textile City.  Automotive recycling

We sincerely invite Shengze’s enterprises to invest and establish factories in Pakistan, aiming to achieve mutual benefits and contribute to the deepening of China-Pakistan cooperation.”


Pakistan, China forge textile ties

Hyundai develops new technology that reduces the size of its electric motors

Hyundai has recently unveiled a groundbreaking technology, named “Uni Wheel,” poised to revolutionize electric mobility by significantly shrinking the size of electric motors. This innovation not only enhances the efficiency and performance of electric vehicles but also creates more space within the vehicle for passengers and their belongings.

Functioning akin to a hub motor, the Uni Wheel incorporates a universal drive system that relocates essential drive components into the wheel, a distinctive departure from conventional designs. Notably, the motor itself remains positioned outside the wheel, maintaining a streamlined and compact form factor.  Automotive recycling

The key breakthrough lies in the Uni Wheel’s strategic relocation of the gearbox into the wheel hub, leading to a substantial reduction in motor size. This ingenious design allows Hyundai to adopt a small motor for each wheel, a departure from the reliance on a single large drive unit for an entire axle. In essence, it represents a universal traction system that integrates transmission components inside the wheel, leaving the electric motor external.

By employing this technology, Hyundai achieves advantages in terms of overall efficiency, performance, and handling. The Uni Wheel system’s unique configuration enhances the overall driving experience while contributing to a more spacious and versatile interior for occupants.  Automotive recycling

Park Jong-sul, a senior researcher at Hyundai Motor Company and Kia Advanced Technology Institute, emphasized the company’s commitment to redefining the mobility experience for customers. He stated, “We are developing technology so that customers can experience mobility in a completely different and new way than before.” Hyundai has rigorously tested the durability of the Uni Wheel, affirming its functionality and reliability.

Despite this significant leap forward, Hyundai has not yet revealed plans for the commercial release of the Uni Wheel system, indicating that further development and testing may be underway.

As the automotive industry continues to evolve, Hyundai’s innovative approach to electric motor design showcases a commitment to pushing the boundaries of what is possible in the realm of sustainable and efficient transportation. Automotive recycling

Hyundai develops new technology that reduces the size of its electric motors

Luxury on the body and underfoot too 

As was amply illustrated at ITMA 2023 this June, tradition and innovation go hand in hand for members of UCMTF, the French Textile Equipment Manufacturers, including NSC Fibre to YarnSuperba and Spoolex.

NSC Fibre to Yarn has a history dating back to 1812 – at a time when the British blockade of France during the Naploeonic Wars obliged French companies to start developing their own textile machinery and components.

Thirty years later, in the 1840s, its patents established the basic principles for the combing, recombing and spinning preparation of short fibres such as wool, silk and flax.

Long fibres

Move forward roughly 110 years to 1950, and NSC Fibre to Yarn had also started to specialise in the machines for combing and spinning long fibres such as Egyptian and Pima cottons. Such fibres have been prized for many years for their strength and durability, smoothness and lustre, and reduced pilling.  Automotive recycling

A series of acquistions over the past 20 years has subsequently consolidated the company’s position as a leader in textile lines for luxury long-staple fibres, as well as wool and technical fibres.

The company’s latest ERA50 comber is an evolution of the well-known ERA40 and benefits from the latest advances in mechatronics and a complete Industry 4.0 data collection system.

Heat setting

In addition to apparel, wool is associated with the most luxurious of carpets, and machinery for the heat-setting of carpet yarns – whether from natural fibres like wool or synthetics – is a speciality of Superba, which was founded in 1950.

The heat setting process is crucial in enabling such yarns to be more successfully woven or tufted into wall-to-wall carpets, increasing their thickness, enabling different yarns to be combined and graduated dyeing affinities to be accommodated.

The important twist of the yarns is set at a high temperature in a continuous process to ensure it remains permanent.  Automotive recycling


Luxury on the body and underfoot too 

Rock Tech and Electra sign North American lithium supply agreement

Rock Tech Lithium will partner with Electra Battery Materials Corporation to supply recycled lithium from Electra’s Ontario battery recycling operations for upgrading to battery-grade lithium chemicals in Rock Tech’s lithium refineries. The partnership agreement took the form of a memorandum of understanding. Both companies will use their experience to develop a closed-loop service for the recycling of lithium-ion battery manufacturing scrap, end-of-life batteries, and black mass. Automotive recycling

“Partnering with Rock Tech . . . complements our recycling strategy by allowing us to further upgrade recycled lithium into a battery-grade product,” said Trent Mell, Electra’s CEO. “Collaboration is crucial to create a closed loop for all critical minerals we recover in our black mass refining operation. Jointly with Rock Tech, we are excited to offer an end-to-end battery recycling solution specifically for the lithium market. The partnership is expected to generate an additional revenue stream for Electra, improve our service offering for our clients, and facilitate future growth.”

“At Rock Tech, we are thinking long-term,” emphasized Klaus Schmitz, Rock Tech’s COO. “Developing localized circular lithium value chains is key for this. Electra is an important partner to realize this vision in Ontario and North America. Our collaboration unlocks an important lithium sourcing option and ensures continuous long-term supply for our plants. Our collaboration ensures that lithium recovered from the recycling of end-of-life batteries or battery manufacturing scrap is recovered, refined, and returned to the battery value chain as battery-grade lithium product.”  Automotive recycling


 Electra Battery Materials Corporation

Avantium PEF – Dieffenbacher highlights Fibercut system for increased productivity 29-11-2023

Automotive recycling

Avantium PEF – Dieffenbacher highlights Fibercut system for increased productivity 29-11-2023

Avantium PEF

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Avantium to offer PEF solution for Heijn’s own-brand packaging

Avantium has embarked on a strategic partnership with Albert Heijn, a prominent Dutch supermarket chain, with the aim of facilitating a shift towards more sustainable packaging solutions for Heijn’s proprietary products. Avantium, recognized for its expertise in sustainable chemistry, is offering its innovative polyethylene furanoate (PEF) solution as a pivotal element in the creation of diverse packaging options for the retailer.

PEF, characterized by its 100% plant-based composition and circular polymer structure, stands out as a fully recyclable material.  Avantium PEF

Its remarkable barrier properties empower brands and businesses to extend the shelf life of both beverages and food items. The versatility of PEF makes it suitable for a broad spectrum of applications, including the manufacturing of bottles and various types of packaging.

At present, Avantium is in the final stages of initiating operations at its commercial PEF plant. The operationalization of this plant will mark the commencement of utilizing the PEF solution for the production of a new fruit juice bottle for Heijn. The manufacturing of this PEF-made bottle will be executed by Refresco, a global beverage solutions provider catering to diverse brands and retailers.  Avantium PEF

Avantium proudly asserts that this initiative will result in the introduction of the first PEF-made product within a supermarket chain’s own-brand product line. Tom van Aken, the CEO of Avantium, emphasized the significance of this collaboration, stating, “With Albert Heijn as a partner, Avantium can further scale up and expand the PEF value chain to meet the growing global demand for circular and renewable material solutions.”

The commercial PEF plant, situated in Delfzijl, the Netherlands, is designed to have a production capacity of five kilotons of furandicarboxylic acid. This acid serves as a fundamental building block for chemicals and plastics, including PEF. The anticipated timeline for the commencement of commercial production at the Delfzijl site is the second half of 2024.  Avantium PEF

Marit van Egmond, the CEO of Heijn, expressed the company’s commitment to sustainability, stating, “With the use of PEF, we are giving substance to our goal of making packaging more sustainable, besides reduction, recyclability, and reuse, fossil-free materials are high on our wish list.” This collaboration follows a notable offtake agreement signed in August 2022, where Brazil’s Ambev committed to purchasing Avantium’s recyclable PEF material for producing soft drink bottles.

Avantium PEF

PPWR – European Parliament discriminates plastics packaging

“Packaging neutrality objectives and similar material circularity targets will create the level playing field that Europe really needs.” stated EuPC managing director Bernard Merkx in his first reaction to the vote.  Avantium PEF

Last week, the European Parliament adopted its negotiating position on the Packaging and Packaging Waste Regulation (PPWR) proposed last year by the European Commission. Unfortunately, many amendments from the Environmental Committee initial Report that single out plastic packaging have passed the consensus of the Plenary session.

European Plastics Converters are disappointed by the unfounded tailored measures against plastics, which seem to be based predominantly on emotional motives. Some examples of such emotional motived voting are special reduction targets for certain plastic packaging, exemptions for composite packaging from the recyclate use quotas, and bans on single-use stretch films and more.

The lack of rational support to a plastics converting and recycling industry that has been working for improved sustainability, recyclability, circularity as well as on improved performances of its packaging offer is a missed opportunity.  Avantium PEF

In our perspective, topics like additional food waste as a direct consequence should have been addressed, whereas plastic packaging reuse quotas and others have not been very well assessed either. In our view the voted amendments will therefore not bring the expected environmental goals the Parliament desires.

Moreover, the lack of consideration for how to reach the ambitious recycled content targets adds perplexity to their feasibility in coming years. The proposed targets are based on the assumption of a given consistent availability of high-quality recycled raw materials, that has proven to be already lacking today. Linear waste management systems in many Member States with still open landfills and subsidized incineration have for years been blocking required additional investments in high-quality infrastructure and high-tech systems for collection, sorting and recycling.  Avantium PEF

Practical solutions such as credit-based systems and clear exemptions must be included in a final version of the PPWR to allow the plastics converting and recycling industry, mostly composed of SMEs, and their customers, to effectively comply and support the market of high-quality recycled materials to naturally grow.

Further concerns come from the ban of packaging falling in recyclability grade D or below, which may negatively affect future innovation and will have unforeseeable impacts on many, widely recycled packaging formats. The possibility for Member States to adopt more stringent national measures ultimately undermines the harmonisation spirit of the regulation and risks creating the patchwork effect that we witness today in the sustainability arena.  Avantium PEF


Avantium PEF

Paques Biomaterials and Looop are set to join forces in a groundbreaking collaboration aimed at producing Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) from residual agri-food streams

With over a decade of experience, Paques Biomaterials specializes in a technology that utilizes bacteria within organic waste to generate the biopolymer PHA. Looop, on the other hand, acts as an independent knowledge partner and supplier, providing the agri-food sector’s residual flows, commonly known as by-products. Avantium PEF

The synergy between these two entities is evident as they pool their expertise to create a natural alternative to conventional plastics. René Rozendal, co-founder of Paques Biomaterials, emphasizes the significance of this collaboration, stating, “For us, the collaboration with Looop means a reliable supply of residual flows to produce PHA.” He highlights Looop’s proficiency in valuing residual flows and the ability to combine diverse agri-food by-products, ensuring the optimal raw material for PHA production.

PHA, often hailed as the most promising biopolymer, is noteworthy for being biodegradable in both land and sea environments without the need for specific conditions or equipment. This makes PHA a crucial solution in combating plastic pollution and microplastics.

Expressing their commitment to exploring PHA production further, Looop and Paques Biomaterials are dedicated to maximizing the value of organic residual flows. Kelly Vermeer, Procurement & Development Manager at Looop, asserts, “Producing PHA provides higher valorization of various by-products, ensuring lower CO2 emissions and aligning with our mission and vision.”  Avantium PEF

Looop, specializing in reintegrating organic residual flows into the food chain, operates with a strong focus on Responsible Consumption (Goal 12) and Partnership for the Goals (Goal 17) as part of the Sustainable Development Goals. Paul Slits, a shareholder of Looop, emphasizes the importance of partnerships in their circular business model and expresses confidence in the collaboration with Paques Biomaterials, describing it as a partnership that simply “feels good.”

Paques Biomaterials has an array of collaborations underway, including partnerships with Dutch organizations dealing with industrial wastewater, a consortium with various water boards for municipal wastewater, and an international collaboration with a multinational entity in South Korea.  Avantium PEF

The coming months will witness the tangible realization of the collaboration between Looop and Paques Biomaterials, spanning both business and technology development in their shared pursuit of a harmonious world in balance with nature.

Avantium PEF

China faces yet another economic setback as the shadow banking sector takes a hit with the collapse of Zhongzhi Enterprise Group (ZEG)

Following the crises of Evergrande and Country Garden, ZEG, one of the country’s major shadow banks and a significant asset manager, has declared liabilities of up to $64 billion, intensifying concerns that the real estate debt crisis is extending its grip into the financial domain. Avantium PEF

In a letter of apology to investors, ZEG, which holds substantial exposure to the Chinese real estate market, disclosed total liabilities ranging from 420 billion yuan ($58 billion) to 460 billion yuan ($64 billion). The company’s asset management arm, at its zenith, reportedly managed $139 billion. Authorities in China initiated an investigation into “suspected illegal crimes” against the company shortly after its admission of insolvency. “Criminal coercive measures” have been taken against numerous suspects, although the identities and roles of these individuals within the company remain unclear. The founder, Xie Zhikun, passed away in 2021 due to a heart attack. Tensions surrounding Zhongzhi first surfaced in July when a major subsidiary trust company, Zhongrong International Trust Co, failed to meet payments on numerous investment products, exposing the high default risks associated with the underlying real estate assets of the Zhongrong Trust Fund.  Avantium PEF

The escalating issues at Zhongzhi, a key player in China’s $3 trillion shadow banking sector, have rekindled concerns about contagion risks. China’s heavily indebted real estate sector, grappling with a liquidity crisis since 2020, has witnessed developer defaults since late 2021, with Evergrande being among the initial giants to succumb.

Andrew Collier, a shadow banking expert at Orient Capital Research, notes the historical pursuit of a real estate bubble in China, driven by capital influx. As the real estate sector experiences a downturn amid economic slowdown, Collier suggests that ZEG’s problems might only mark the onset of a more extensive issue, potentially spreading to other forms of shadow banking and even traditional banks in the country. Avantium PEF

The unfolding situation raises apprehensions about the broader stability of China’s financial landscape.

China faces yet another economic setback as the shadow banking sector takes a hit with the collapse of Zhongzhi Enterprise Group (ZEG)

Dieffenbacher highlights Fibercut system for increased productivity

Dieffenbacher’s fully automated cutting and stacking system enables automated SMC processing applications.

Automotive suppliers and others who manufacture composite parts can increase production as much as 7% with Dieffenbacher’s (Eppingen, Germany) fully automated Fibercut cutting and stacking system featuring a quick-change unit. The Fibercut system enables automated processing of sheet molding compound (SMC) materials. While many SMC applications use error-prone and time-consuming manual processes, Dieffenbacher’s fully automated Fibercut SMC cutting and stacking system provides increased productivity and plant efficiency.  Avantium PEF

Fibercut consists of a cutting unit with a cutting belt, a stacking table and a quick-change unit for SMC on coil or in festoons to further increase productivity. The cutting unit communicates with the stacking gantry or robot and is able to implement complex laying patterns automatically.

“Different cutting patterns can be realized at the same time with maximum flexibility,” says Marco Hahn, director sales of the forming business unit at Dieffenbacher. “Using an active compensation cut, deviations in the weight of the material stack will be actively corrected. This ensures compliance with weight tolerances and maximum reproducibility even with the geometric complexity of the SMC layer structure.”  Avantium PEF

The quick-change unit increases the system’s availability by enabling a complete SMC coil or festoon changeover within a few minutes. Including gripper change stations, the production line can be rapidly switched over to another component. Additionally, the Fibercut monitors when the SMC material nears its end and notifies the operator. The operator can prepare to change the material without an unplanned stop of the machine. The quick-change unit is equipped with an automated foil removal system to reduce the “on-air time” of the SMC to preserve the styrene for optimal part quality.

Because the material can be prepared offline and the material change process runs fully automatically, the quick-change unit can save 10-15 minutes per change.

Assuming annual production of 80,000 pieces, SMC consumption of 2 million lbs per year and 600 related coil changes, output can be increased by 3,000-4,500 parts or 3-5% per year.  Avantium PEF

Dieffenbacher highlights Fibercut system for increased productivity

AkzoNobel Invests in a New Manufacturing Facility to Produce Bisphenol-Free Coatings

AkzoNobel is investing €32 million in a new plant at Vilafranca del Penedès in Spain to manufacture bisphenol-free coatings for the metal packaging industry in Europe, Middle East and Africa.

The Minister of Employment in Catalonia, Roger Torrent attends the breaking ground ceremony for AkzoNobel’s new production centre for bisphenol-free coatings, which will support stringent bisphenol regulations in force in Europe.  Avantium PEF

This content was written and submitted by the supplier. It has only been modified to comply with this publication’s space and style.

The new facility, which is expected to be operational by mid-2025, will create around 40 new jobs and has been designed according to the best possible eco-efficiency standards.

Jim Kavanagh, Director of AkzoNobel’s Industrial Coatings business, says the new facility will help the company respond to a strong need from the packaging industry. “The Vilafranca plant will allow us to offer leading-edge products to any customer and country in EMEA, responding to the most stringent bisphenol regulations in force in Europe. The investment is in line with our view that bisphenols of any kind are no longer required to create safe coatings.”  Avantium PEF

The announcement follows the recent launch of next generation coatings technology including the first two products in its new Accelstyle range. This further illustrates the company’s commitment to giving customers the tangible support they need to transition to a new future: “Both new products – Accelstyle 100 and 200 – can be seamlessly introduced into existing production processes, allowing can makers to transition to coatings that are free from materials of concern, while remaining as commercially viable as possible,” Kavanagh continues.

AkzoNobel Invests in a New Manufacturing Facility to Produce Bisphenol-Free Coatings

EPA studies costs of recycling programs, awards grants

The U.S. EPA is sponsoring a study of the costs and benefits of municipal recycling programs, and at the same time the agency is directing more funding toward the sector. 

“Despite numerous reported benefits of recycling, many areas lack a dedicated program for various reasons, including economic challenges, and many materials that could be recycled are not,” a press release from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine noted.  Avantium PEF

“Recognizing a need to better understand the costs and benefits of administering MSW recycling programs,” the release continued, “Congress called on the National Academies to conduct a study on the programmatic and economic costs of these programs and to produce recommendations to facilitate their effective implementation.”

Accordingly, a committee will review current cost information of recycling programs in municipal, county, state and tribal governments, then provide several options, including policy approaches, to help facilitate effective implementation of more and better programs.

The analysis will include environmental justice considerations such as different population sizes and demographics, different geographical locations, different economies, the type of recycling program and its capabilities, infrastructure needs, end market opportunities and various mandates such as single-stream vs. dual-stream or curbside food and yard material pickup services.  Avantium PEF

In-scope materials are paper, metals, glass, PET and HDPE, food scraps and yard material that are “converted into raw materials and used in the production of new products.” Textiles, e-scrap, construction and demolition debris, household hazardous waste, auto bodies, municipal sludge, combustion ash and industrial process wastes are specifically out of scope for the study, the press release noted.

Grant awards

In addition, the EPA recently announced its plans to reclassify solar panels as universal waste instead of hazardous waste and to create a universal waste category specifically for lithium-ion batteries in order to streamline and increase recycling of the materials.


EPA studies costs of recycling programs, awards grants

Sand Battery – The Role of Chemical Engineering in Waste Management Strategies 28-11-2023

Avantium PEF

Sand Battery – The Role of Chemical Engineering in Waste Management Strategies 28-11-2023

Sand Battery

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Toray Obtains ISCC Certification for European Carbon-Fiber Plants

Article-Toray Obtains ISCC Certification for European Carbon-Fiber Plants

Toray Industries’ French subsidiary, Toray Carbon Fibers Europe S.A., has obtained ISCC Plus certification for its Lacq and Abidos production plants in southwest France. This certification allows Toray Carbon Fibers Europe to allocate and use biomass or recycled materials through the mass balance approach to produce and supply carbon fiber. Thus, Toray Carbon Fibers Europe now has the ability to reduce the life cycle inventory (LCI) of its carbon fiber, prepreg, and other offerings and help its customers to enhance product life cycle assessments (LCAs) while contributing to building a circular economy.  Sand Battery

The International Sustainability & Carbon Certification’s (ISCC) voluntary certification program guarantees that the raw materials used are sourced from biomass or recycled materials. It also ensures full traceability at all stages of a product’s manufacturing process. The mass balance approach tracks the amount and sustainability characteristics of circular and bio-based materials used in the value chain based on verifiable records. This scheme is open to several sectors such as the food, feed, chemicals, plastics,

Toray Carbon Fibers Europe will start manufacturing carbon fiber derived from biomass and recycled raw materials by the end of 2023. In addition, Toray’s Ehime Plant in Japan aims to obtain ISCC Plus certification by March 2024 and begin producing fiber by the close of that year. Sand Battery

In the United States, the carbon-fiber facility of Toray Composite Materials America Inc. in Decatur, AL, also plans to obtain this certification in 2024. With these three locations, the Toray Group intends to manufacture carbon fiber using biomass or recycled raw materials at plants in Japan, the United States, and Europe, ensuring a stable supply to customers around the globe.

Toray has already received requests from customers similarly committed to carbon neutrality. From the end of 2023, Toray will offer this carbon fiber for industrial applications such as automobiles and handheld devices, where demand for materials to create sustainable products is particularly high. At a later date, other applications, such as aviation and sports, will also be targeted. Sand Battery

Toray aims to build a new materials ecosystem that harnesses natural raw materials and returns them to nature in an eco-friendly state. For carbon fiber, the ecosystem will be built using biomass and recycled raw materials to manufacture carbon fiber. This fiber will be made into a composite material and, finally, an end product.

Sand Battery

Sun and sand to decarbonize: Magaldi Stem technology

Magaldi Group’s STEM-CST (Solar Thermo Electric Magaldi) technology emerges as a groundbreaking solution in the quest to diminish reliance on fossil fuels and transition towards sustainable energy sources. With heat production constituting nearly half of energy-related emissions and over 50% of global energy consumption, the need for innovative alternatives is paramount. Industrial applications, responsible for 40% of total heat demand, predominantly lean on fossil fuels, contributing to approximately 70% of this demand.  Sand Battery

Addressing the imperative for industrial decarbonization, Magaldi’s STEM-CST integrates advanced solar radiation conversion systems with energy storage solutions, ensuring a continuous energy supply even in the absence of sunlight.

This technology serves as a reliable, environmentally compliant alternative for clean energy generation, particularly tailored to the stringent requirements of energy-intensive industries such as paper, food & beverage, chemical, and plastic. Unlike conventional technologies, Magaldi’s system consolidates the solar receiver, heat exchanger, and thermal storage within a single device, optimizing efficiency and ease of integration.

The mechanism employs a field of primary mirrors (heliostats) and a secondary reflector (beam-down) positioned above a solar receiver on the ground, acting as a thermal storage battery. The mirror field captures solar energy, directing it through the secondary mirror into the solar receiver—comprising a fluidized bed of sand particles for thermal accumulation.  Sand Battery

This sand bed exhibits exceptional energy absorption capabilities, achieving uniform heating up to 600°C and releasing steam at variable temperature and pressure levels (250-500°C and 10-40 bar) through embedded exchangers. This steam proves highly versatile in diverse industrial processes, enabling energy-intensive sectors to transition away from fossil fuels, aligning with “Net-Zero” objectives.

Magaldi’s innovation distinguishes itself by employing solid granular particles, specifically sand, for thermal accumulation instead of molten salts commonly used in concentrated solar technologies. This decision offers economic advantages, as sand is readily available and avoids issues related to freezing associated with molten salts. Moreover, the higher temperature tolerance of sand, with a melting point exceeding 1200°C, enhances its applicability in the industrial sector.  Sand Battery

The first experimental module of the STEM®-CST system, initiated in June 2016 at A2A Energie Future’s integrated energy hub in Sicily, marked a significant milestone. Recent results from experimental tests, unveiled at “SolarPaces 2023” in Sydney, Australia, showcase the technology’s potential to revolutionize the concentrated solar energy sector, paving the way for a cleaner, sustainable future.

Sand Battery

BST India’s focus on consistent quality in flexible packaging 

BST India at Food Packaging and Innovations India Summit 2023

BST India, a leading manufacturer of quality assurance systems for printing, flexible packaging, and the web-based processing industry, showcased its potential in changing the future of food packaging at the recently concluded Food Packaging and Innovations India Summit 2023 in Mumbai. BST India supported the summit as a gold partner for the event.  Hydrogen vehicles

A presentation by Khushal Patel, director of sales and marketing, on ‘BST’s role in delivering consistent quality in flexible packaging’, delved into the company’s role in ensuring a standard of quality paramount in the flexible packaging industry.

The presentation explored how BST, integrated into the manufacturing process, can streamline operations, and enhance the overall quality of flexible packaging. It emphasized the importance of consistency in meeting industry standards, addressing challenges, and ultimately providing customers with products that surpass expectations.

“Our Gold Partnership and presentation at the Food Packaging & Innovations India Summit 2023 reflect our ongoing commitment to staying at the forefront of advancements in food packaging technology. By sharing our insights and experiences, we aim to contribute not only to our industry’s growth but also to the success of our valued partners and clients,” Patel said.  Hydrogen vehicles

The two-day summit from 1 November in Mumbai saw the active participation of companies such as Emami, Wagh Bakari Tea, Marico, Britannia, and many more. Their presence added depth to the discussions, fostering an environment of collaboration and knowledge exchange.

The multi-channel B2B in print and digital 17-year-old platform matches the industry’s growth trajectory. The Indian, South Asian, Southeast Asian, and Middle East packaging industries are looking beyond the resilience of the past three years. They are resuming capacity expansion and diversification, with high technology and automation in new plants and projects.  Hydrogen vehicles

As we present our 2024 publishing plan, India’s real GDP growth for the financial year ending 31 March 2024 will exceed 6%. The packaging industry growth will match the GDP growth in volume terms and surpass it by at least 3% in terms of nominal growth allowing for price inflation in energy, raw materials, consumables, and capital equipment.


Sand Battery

BASF, in collaboration with Siemens Energy, has secured approval for a groundbreaking project, marking a significant stride toward sustainable energy production

The German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action, along with the State of Rhineland-Palatinate, has granted funding of up to €124.3 million for the construction of a cutting-edge proton exchange membrane (PEM) electrolyzer at the Ludwigshafen site, known as the Hy4Chem-EI project.  Sand Battery

This proton exchange membrane electrolyzer, boasting a substantial 54-megawatt output and an annual capacity of up to 8,000 metric tons of hydrogen, is slated to be one of Germany’s largest when operational. The PEM electrolyzer, powered exclusively by renewable energy sources, is expected to produce CO2-free hydrogen, leading to an annual reduction of up to 72,000 metric tons of greenhouse gas emissions at the site.

The collaboration between BASF and Siemens Energy aims to commence operations at the water electrolysis plant in 2025. The German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection, in conjunction with the State of Rhineland-Palatinate, is contributing €124.3 million to the project, with €37.3 million from the regional government.

The hydrogen produced will serve as a crucial raw material for BASF’s manufacturing processes, aligning with the company’s commitment to reducing its carbon footprint. Moreover, BASF plans to supply hydrogen for mobility in the Rhine-Neckar Metropolitan Region, contributing to the establishment of a hydrogen economy in the area.

Dr. Melanie Maas-Brunner, a member of the Board of Executive Directors of BASF SE and Site Director Ludwigshafen, expressed enthusiasm about the project’s potential impact on the chemical industry. She emphasized the dual role of hydrogen as both a raw material and an energy vector, highlighting the importance of political and business collaboration in driving the energy transition.  Sand Battery

Dr. Franziska Brantner, Parliamentary State Secretary at the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action, commended the project as a pioneering effort in decarbonizing the chemical industry, setting an example for achieving climate targets. Malu Dreyer, Minister-President of Rhineland-Palatinate, underscored the project’s significance in advancing the hydrogen economy in the region, Europe, and beyond.

BASF’s commitment to various hydrogen production technologies, including water electrolysis and methane pyrolysis, aligns with its overarching goal of achieving net-zero CO2 emissions by 2050. The Ludwigshafen site serves as a crucial testing ground for innovative technologies aimed at replacing fossil fuels and embracing renewable energy sources, reinforcing BASF’s position as a pioneer in the chemical industry’s energy transformation.  Sand Battery

BASF, in collaboration with Siemens Energy, has secured approval for a groundbreaking project, marking a significant stride toward sustainable energy production

The Importance of Adopting Sustainable Solutions in the Recycling of Electric Vehicle Batteries

As societies worldwide strive to adopt more sustainable approaches, the mobility industry has witnessed significant changes in recent years. Electric vehicles (EVs) have emerged as a promising solution to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution. However, the emergence of batteries has posed new environmental challenges, especially regarding their recycling and disposal.  Sand Battery

The Environmental Impacts of EV Battery Disposal
Improper disposal of EV batteries in landfills can have severe environmental consequences. These batteries contain hazardous substances such as lithium, cobalt, and nickel, which can poison the land and groundwater, as well as harm plant and animal life. To mitigate these risks, strict regulations are needed to ensure safe recycling and ethical disposal of EV batteries, thus protecting the environment and ensuring a sustainable future for electric mobility.

Resource Depletion and Sustainable Alternatives
The increasing demand for batteries for electric vehicles has raised concerns about resource depletion. The extraction of materials such as lithium, cobalt, and nickel can deplete natural resources and disrupt ecosystems through deforestation, habitat loss, and pollution.  Sand Battery

To address this problem, alternative solutions such as recycling and the development of eco-friendly battery chemistries must be explored. These approaches will not only reduce environmental impact but also ensure a responsible and environmentally respectful method of obtaining raw materials for EV batteries.

Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Circular Economy
While electric vehicles help reduce greenhouse gas emissions during their use, the extraction of raw materials and improper battery disposal can lead to an increase in emissions. To truly benefit the environment, it is crucial to adopt sustainable battery recycling processes, invest in low-carbon technologies, and advocate for a circular economy that maximizes resource efficiency.  Sand Battery

These initiatives will minimize the carbon footprint associated with the manufacturing and disposal of electric vehicle batteries.

Sustainable Solutions for EV Battery Recycling
Reusing EV batteries in second-life applications is a sustainable way to reduce the negative effects of their disposal. Many batteries still have usable capacity even after being used in vehicles, which can be incorporated into energy storage systems. This approach prolongs their lifespan and reduces the demand for new battery production, thus minimizing waste and increasing overall sustainability.

Additionally, designing electric vehicle batteries with recycling in mind is crucial. Standardizing battery chemistries and improving dismantling processes can streamline recycling, making it more economically viable and environmentally friendly. Simplifying component separation allows for efficient recovery of essential elements such as lithium, cobalt, and nickel, reducing waste and minimizing the environmental impact of raw material extraction.  Sand Battery


The Importance of Adopting Sustainable Solutions in the Recycling of Electric Vehicle Batteries

The Role of Chemical Engineering in Waste Management Strategies

As the world population continues to grow and consumerism intensifies, the issue of waste management has become a significant global challenge. Traditional waste management methods, such as landfilling and incineration, are detrimental to the environment and fail to extract any value from discarded materials.  Sand Battery

Transforming Waste into Valuable Resources: Chemical Engineering Solutions

Chemical engineering, however, offers innovative solutions to transform waste into valuable resources. This article explores the various ways chemical engineering is revolutionizing waste management and creating a sustainable future.

1. Waste-to-Energy: Generating Clean Power

The concept of waste-to-energy involves converting waste materials into heat or electricity. Chemical engineers lead the way in developing advanced technologies to harness energy from waste, reducing our dependence on fossil fuels. Some key solutions include:

  • Pyrolysis: This thermochemical process uses high temperatures and controlled conditions to convert plastic and rubber waste into valuable fuel oil and gas. With this technology, waste materials that were previously discarded can now be used to generate electricity and heat.  Sand Battery
  • Anaerobic Digestion: By breaking down organic waste in the absence of oxygen, anaerobic digestion produces biogas, a combustible gas rich in methane. This renewable energy source can be used to generate electricity, heat, and even fuel for vehicles.


The Role of Chemical Engineering in Waste Management Strategies

EV Battery Recycling and Disposal: Environmental Impacts and Solutions

EV Battery Recycling and Disposal

Ever since environmental challenges have impacted our planet, societies worldwide have been striving to adopt more sustainable approaches in various sectors.

The mobility industry, being no exception, has witnessed significant changes in recent years. To address the escalating environmental concerns, the automobile industry has prominently embraced electric vehicles (EVs), predicting a transformative shift towards greener transportation.  Sand Battery

According to Allied Market Research, the global market for electric vehicles, which was valued at $163.01 billion in 2020, will grow by 18.2% between 2021 and 2030 to reach $823.75 billion. The lithium-ion batteries that power these emission-free vehicles are key to the emergence of EVs. While EVs present a promising solution to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution, the emergence of batteries in the scenario has brought forth new environmental challenges, particularly concerning recycling and disposal.

Here’s a look at the environmental effects of recycling and disposing electric vehicle batteries, and investigate sustainable alternatives to guarantee an eco-friendly and responsible future for the ecosystem supporting electric mobility-

Environmental Impacts of EV Battery Disposal

 Landfill Waste

Batteries for electric vehicles should never be disposed of improperly in landfills. These batteries contain hazardous substances including lithium, cobalt, and nickel that can poison the land and groundwater and damage both plant and animal life.

As a result, strict regulations are required to guarantee the secure recycling and ethical disposal of EV batteries, protect the environment from potential risks, and advance a sustainable method of handling electric vehicle battery waste. Sand Battery

Resource Depletion

Concerns regarding resource depletion have been highlighted by the rise in demand for electric vehicle batteries. These batteries require lithium, cobalt, and nickel, three materials whose mining can deplete natural resources and disturb ecosystems. Some effects of mining practices include deforestation, habitat loss, and air and water pollution. Thus, to solve this problem, it is essential to look into alternatives like recycling and creating more ecologically friendly battery chemistries, ensuring a more responsible and eco-friendly method of obtaining raw materials for EV batteries.


EV Battery Recycling and Disposal: Environmental Impacts and Solutions

Hydrogen vehicles – Recycled plastic reduces carbon consumption by up to 87 per cent 27-11-2023

Sand Battery

Hydrogen vehicles – Recycled plastic reduces carbon consumption by up to 87 per cent 27-11-2023

Hydrogen vehicles

Petrochemicals Ny66 – Polymers : PET – r-PET – Filament grade semidull chips -Filament grade bright chips – Ny6 – Ny66 – PP 


Hydrogen vehicles

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Recycled plastic reduces carbon consumption by up to 87 per cent

Recycling works: plastic packaging specialist ALPLA operates state-of-the-art plants worldwide under the brand ALPLArecycling for the production of rPET (recycled PET) and rHDPE (recycled HDPE). Calculation of the product carbon footprint by the independent consultancy c7-consult now provides new data for a total of four plants in Mexico and Germany. Carbon reductions of up to 87 per cent compared to virgin materials confirm the climate protection effect of recycled plastics and the ecological importance of regional bottle-to-bottle loops. Hydrogen vehicles

ALPLA processes used plastic packaging into recyclate. The recycled material produced in Mexico and Germany causes up to 87 percent less CO2 emissions than virgin material.

ALPLA is focusing on the circular economy: the global packaging specialist invests more than 50 million euros annually in recycling and uses state-of-the-art technologies to produce recycled material. With an installed and projected output capacity of 350,000 tonnes per year, the company is one of the world’s leading plastics recyclers. Analyses performed by the life cycle assessment specialist c7-consult now confirm efficient production at a total of four additional sites in Mexico and Germany. There, ALPLArecycling produces rPET and rHDPE, which produces up to 87 per cent fewer carbon emissions than virgin materials.

‘The figures confirm our path. We produce climate-friendly recycling solutions with a regional focus and convert the material into new packaging, thereby promoting the bottle-to-bottle loop. In this way, we ensure there are safe, affordable and sustainable packaging solutions all over the world,’ emphasises Georg Lässer, Director of Business Development, Procurement and Sales, Recycling, at ALPLA.  Hydrogen vehicles

Circular economy pioneers in Mexico

ALPLArecycling produces 30,000 tonnes of rHDPE per year at its Toluca recycling plant in Mexico. Production in Toluca causes 0.69 kg of CO2e per kilogram. This is 70 per cent fewer emissions than with HDPE virgin material (2.32 kg of CO2e per kilogram[1]). ALPLA has been operating what was the first PET recycling plant in Latin America at the time in Toluca since 2005 within the joint venture IMER (Industria Mexicana de Reciclaje S.A. de C.V.) together with Coca-Cola FEMSA and The Coca-Cola Company. It has an annual production capacity of 16,000 tonnes of rPET. According to the analysis, production causes only 0.38 kg of CO2e per kilogram, which is 87 per cent less than virgin PET (2.90 kg of CO2e per kilogram[2]).  Hydrogen vehicles

The rPET production capacity in Mexico will be increased to 51,000 tonnes next year. The PLANETA plant (Planta Nueva Ecología de Tabasco) in Cunduacán is currently being built in cooperation with Coca-Cola FEMSA. The joint venture partners are setting new collection priorities with the model of paying for the receipt of used PET bottles and with social cooperations. ‘Recycling is a key element in packaging solutions of the future. We want to convince people of the benefits and are drawing on substantiated data to do so. Exact analysis of our plants also enables us to improve our ecological footprint in a targeted manner,’ explains Carlos Torres Ballesteros, ALPLA Managing Director, Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean.  Hydrogen vehicles


Hydrogen vehicles

China in red, lithium in free fall. Here because

This financial turbulence unfolded against the backdrop of Beijing’s concerted efforts to rescue the beleaguered real estate sector, strained under the weight of mounting debt. Compounding the unease were anxieties surrounding China’s October PMI figures, slated for release the following week, following September readings that signaled a contraction in manufacturing and a deceleration in service activities.

Amidst these concerns, skepticism swirled regarding the efficacy of Beijing’s various real estate stimulus measures, including the decision to allow banks to extend unsecured short-term loans to sector companies.  Hydrogen vehicles

Despite the day’s downturn, the Hang Seng index was on course for its second consecutive weekly gain, rising by approximately 1.0%.

This optimism stemmed from the hope that the Federal Reserve’s tightening trajectory might be nearing its conclusion, with the first rate cut anticipated in March 2024.

Meanwhile, Japan grappled with a surge in inflation, reaching 3.3% in October 2023, up from the previous month’s 3.0%.

This marked the highest level since July, with core inflation also climbing to 2.9%, just below the consensus of 3.0%.  Hydrogen vehicles

Notably, the Bank of Japan’s 2% inflation target remained elusive for the 19th consecutive month.

In a starkly different economic arena, the price of Chinese lithium carbonate, denominated in yuan, continued its month-long descent, plummeting by 75% for the year.

An oversupply in the market exerted downward pressure on prices, prompting electric vehicle manufacturers to reevaluate their strategies.

Chinese lithium carbonate prices dipped by 2.3% on Thursday and a staggering 20% thus far in November, with the last recorded daily gain occurring on October 25th.

The spodumene, a lithium-bearing rock extracted in Australia, witnessed more than a 50% decrease in value in 2023.  Hydrogen vehicles

Shifting the focus to geopolitics, Argentina’s newly elected president, Javier Milei, adopted a more tempered tone compared to his previous sharp rhetoric.

Following his victory, Milei extended well-wishes to the Chinese people, a notable departure from his earlier characterization of the Chinese government as an “assassin” during an August interview.

Milei’s gesture included responding to a congratulatory letter from Xi Jinping and hinting at the potential inclusion of former central bank president Luis Caputo in a significant economic role.  Hydrogen vehicles

Hydrogen vehicles

Hydrogen, often hailed as a beacon of eco-friendly transportation,  particularly in the context of fuel cell technology

While electric cars dominate green conversations, fuel cell-powered vehicles, like the Toyota Mirai and Hyundai Nexo, are making their mark in the Italian automotive landscape. These models leverage hydrogen-oxygen reactions to generate electrical energy, offering the notable advantage of rapid refueling, with the Mirai boasting a mere five minutes for a substantial range exceeding 600 km. However, this green innovation comes at a price—both the Mirai and Nexo command high price tags of 66,000 and approximately 80,000 euros respectively.  Hydrogen vehicles

Beyond these initial offerings, car manufacturers like Toyota and BMW are exploring hydrogen’s potential in different vehicle types. Toyota showcased the GR Yaris H2, integrating hydrogen as fuel while maintaining a modified turbocharged internal combustion engine. On the other hand, BMW, an early advocate for hydrogen engines since 2000, remains in the experimental phase, producing small series for testing purposes, as seen in the iX5 Hydrogen.

Despite promising strides in vehicle technology, a critical hurdle to widespread adoption is the lack of infrastructure. With only two operational hydrogen refueling stations—located in Bolzano and Mestre—accessing fuel remains a challenge for Italian motorists. Hydrogen, currently perceived as more suitable for heavy transport, is reflected in logistical decisions favoring areas like the Brenner road axis and the Trieste-to-Turin corridor. The Ministry of Transport’s 2023 ranking of 36 new projects earmarks public funding for expanding the hydrogen refueling network by 2026, encompassing regions from Valcamonica and Umbria to Puglia and Calabria.  Hydrogen vehicles

Territorial imbalances compound the issue, as private mobility needs are not met uniformly across regions. Of the 36 proposed projects, only six are slated for implementation in southern regions, with Veneto leading the charge with nine refueling stations. Comparatively, Germany, a hydrogen pioneer, already boasts 92 supply points, revealing the substantial gap in Italy’s hydrogen infrastructure development. As European nations race toward hydrogen expansion goals, Italy aims for 70 stations by 2030, falling behind Germany, the United Kingdom, and France in this ambitious pursuit.

The journey toward making hydrogen a viable solution in Italy’s transportation landscape is underway, but substantial challenges must be surmounted for it to become a mainstream reality.  Hydrogen vehicles

Hydrogen, often hailed as a beacon of eco-friendly transportation, is gaining attention in Italy, particularly in the context of fuel cell technology

Hydrogen vehicles represent a promising yet underutilized facet of the automotive landscape, offering a unique alternative to traditional gasoline-powered cars and electric vehicles

Although their popularity has been eclipsed by the widespread adoption of electric vehicles, understanding how hydrogen vehicle engines work sheds light on their potential and the challenges they face.

At the heart of hydrogen vehicles is the fuel cell, a device that enables the conversion of hydrogen into electricity through an electrochemical process. Unlike conventional internal combustion engines, hydrogen vehicles employ electric motors for propulsion. This distinction positions them as electric vehicles (EVs), despite the divergent energy source.

In a hydrogen vehicle, the journey from hydrogen gas to electrical power begins with the storage of hydrogen in a high-pressure tank.  Hydrogen vehicles

This gaseous fuel is then directed to a fuel cell stack, a crucial component housing a catalyst, often platinum. As hydrogen molecules interact with the catalyst in a controlled electrochemical reaction, electrons are released, generating electrical energy.

This process is known as the proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell technology, one of the most common designs in hydrogen vehicles.

The produced electricity is subsequently harnessed to power the electric motor, propelling the vehicle forward. Remarkably, the sole byproduct of this energy conversion is water vapor, positioning hydrogen vehicles as exceptionally clean and environmentally friendly transportation options.

However, despite their potential ecological advantages, hydrogen vehicles face significant challenges hindering their widespread adoption.  Hydrogen vehicles

The dearth of hydrogen refueling infrastructure poses a substantial hurdle, limiting the practicality of these vehicles for everyday consumers. Additionally, concerns regarding the flammability of hydrogen gas have contributed to apprehension surrounding its use as a fuel source.

As of now, the disparity in adoption rates between electric vehicles and hydrogen vehicles is stark. The United States, for instance, boasts over 2 million electric vehicles on its roads, dwarfing the approximately 15,000 hydrogen-powered vehicles in operation. Nevertheless, ongoing advancements in technology, coupled with efforts to expand hydrogen infrastructure, may yet breathe new life into the hydrogen vehicle revolution, offering a compelling alternative in the quest for sustainable transportation.

Hydrogen vehicles represent a promising yet underutilized facet of the automotive landscape, offering a unique alternative to traditional gasoline-powered cars and electric vehicles

Coperion recycling innovation centre starts operations in Germany

The high-tech test centre for plastics recycling applications is located in Niederbiegen near Weingarten, Germany

Machinery producer Coperion has started operations at its plastics recycling innovation centre in Niederbiegen near Weingarten, southern Germany.  Hydrogen vehicles

The Recycling Innovation Centre is situated in the immediate vicinity of Coperion’s existing test centre for Bulk Solids Handling, expanding the company’s test lab capacities in Germany alone up to 5,000 square meters.

The high-tech centre allows Coperion’s customers to test every recycling process step, from material handling and feeding to extrusion, compounding, pelletising, material postprocessing, and deodorisation. Extensively equipped recycling systems are available that can be modified in myriad ways, depending upon the specific requirements of the recyclate to be produced.  Hydrogen vehicles

Machinery available include the Fluidlift ecodry for material flash drying during conveying; the Mix-a-Lot bulk solid mixer for creating pre-mixes including flakes or powders; and a ZS-B MEGAfeed side feeder, especially for extruding and compounding plastic recyclates with bulk densities starting as low as 20 kg/m³ at high throughputs.

“With this new Recycling Innovation Centre, we’re in a position where we can simulate the entire plastics recycling process,” said Massimo Serapioni, general manager of Coperion’s Recycling Business Unit. “Our customers can test the complete process, from mechanical pre-treatment of plastics in Herbold Meckesheim’s Test Centre up to compounding and pelletizing, prior to making the investment.

As a supplier of entire recycling systems, we are very proud to be able to offer our customers this enormous added value.”  Hydrogen vehicles


Coperion recycling innovation centre starts operations in Germany

Here is the extraordinary news: BYD, the Chinese giant, has started construction of the largest salt battery factory in the world, located in Xuzhou, between Beijing and Shanghai, with a monumental investment of 1.2 billion euros

This mammoth facility, known as the Gigafactory, represents a milestone in the evolution of battery technology, as it will be entirely dedicated to the production of sodium ion batteries.
The BYD Gigafactory, with a production capacity of 30 GWh per year, will be the largest factory in the world specializing in this type of technology, which is gradually emerging on the market.
Sodium ion batteries, commonly called “salt” batteries, are gaining ground and are already available for some energy storage systems, as well as used in the first electric cars. In the future, these batteries will represent a valid alternative to the more common lithium-ion batteries, offering slightly lower performance but at lower costs. Hydrogen vehicles
The construction of this new factory is the result of collaboration between BYD, its subsidiary Findreams Battery and the electric tricycle company Huaihai. Initially, the sodium ion batteries produced will be intended for scooters and light quadricycles, but the future goal is to extend their use to cars too.
BYD is not the only player to focus on this innovative technology; other Chinese companies such as Jiangsu Zoolnasm and Hina are also investing in Gigafactory to produce sodium batteries.
CATL, the world’s leading battery manufacturer, together with Northvolt, a leading European company, are preparing to launch their versions of sodium-ion batteries on the market.  Hydrogen vehicles
A clear signal that the salt battery sector is destined to become a focal point in the race for sustainability and energy efficiency.
Here is the extraordinary news: BYD, the Chinese giant, has started construction of the largest salt battery factory in the world, located in Xuzhou, between Beijing and Shanghai, with a monumental investment of 1.2 billion euros

BST India’s focus on consistent quality in flexible packaging 

BST India at Food Packaging and Innovations India Summit 2023

BST India, a leading manufacturer of quality assurance systems for printing, flexible packaging, and the web-based processing industry, showcased its potential in changing the future of food packaging at the recently concluded Food Packaging and Innovations India Summit 2023 in Mumbai. BST India supported the summit as a gold partner for the event.  Hydrogen vehicles

A presentation by Khushal Patel, director of sales and marketing, on ‘BST’s role in delivering consistent quality in flexible packaging’, delved into the company’s role in ensuring a standard of quality paramount in the flexible packaging industry.

The presentation explored how BST, integrated into the manufacturing process, can streamline operations, and enhance the overall quality of flexible packaging. It emphasized the importance of consistency in meeting industry standards, addressing challenges, and ultimately providing customers with products that surpass expectations.

“Our Gold Partnership and presentation at the Food Packaging & Innovations India Summit 2023 reflect our ongoing commitment to staying at the forefront of advancements in food packaging technology. By sharing our insights and experiences, we aim to contribute not only to our industry’s growth but also to the success of our valued partners and clients,” Patel said.  Hydrogen vehicles

The two-day summit from 1 November in Mumbai saw the active participation of companies such as Emami, Wagh Bakari Tea, Marico, Britannia, and many more. Their presence added depth to the discussions, fostering an environment of collaboration and knowledge exchange.

The multi-channel B2B in print and digital 17-year-old platform matches the industry’s growth trajectory. The Indian, South Asian, Southeast Asian, and Middle East packaging industries are looking beyond the resilience of the past three years. They are resuming capacity expansion and diversification, with high technology and automation in new plants and projects.  Hydrogen vehicles

As we present our 2024 publishing plan, India’s real GDP growth for the financial year ending 31 March 2024 will exceed 6%. The packaging industry growth will match the GDP growth in volume terms and surpass it by at least 3% in terms of nominal growth allowing for price inflation in energy, raw materials, consumables, and capital equipment.


BST India’s focus on consistent quality in flexible packaging 

Plastic waste – Svensk Plaståtervinning opens state-of-the-art facility for plastic recycling 25-11-2023

Hydrogen vehicles

Petrochemicals Ny66 – Polymers : PET – r-PET – Filament grade semidull chips -Filament grade bright chips – Ny6 – Ny66 – PP 27-11-2023

Petrochemicals Ny66

Petrochemicals Ny66

  • Polymers : PET – r-PET – Filament grade semidull chips -Filament grade bright chips – Ny6 – Ny66 – PP
  • Feedstocks  PX – PTA – MEG – CPL – Adipic Acid – Benzene – ACN – Ethylene – Phenol – Naphtha
  • Textile : Polyester POY – DTY – FDY – PSF – Recycled Polyester POY – Nylon POY – DTY – FDY Spandex 20-30-40 -Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  Acrylic Staple Fiber 

Petrochemicals Ny66PET

Petrochemicals Ny66

ITEM 20/11/2023 27/11/2023 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 7,000 yuan/ton 6,825 yuan/ton -175
Bottle grade PET chips export market 890 $/ton 880 $/ton -10
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 6,825 yuan/ton 6,675 yuan/ton -150
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 6,875 yuan/ton 6,710 yuan/ton -165
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market 6,080 yuan/ton 5,725 yuan/ton -355
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 750 $/ton 730 $/ton -20
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 4,185 yuan/ton 4,045 yuan/ton -140
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 488 $/ton 477 $/ton -11
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market

Petrochemicals Ny66

1,020 $/ton 999 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 997 $/ton 976 $/ton -21
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,050 $/ton 1,045 $/ton -5
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 7,430  yuan/ton 7,470 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,400 yuan/ton 7,400 yuan/ton
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 8,825 yuan/ton 8,850 yuan/ton +25
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F

Petrochemicals Ny66

8,800 yuan/ton 8,800 yuan/ton
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 8,100 yuan/ton 8,100 yuan/ton
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,500 yuan/ton 7,350 yuan/ton -150
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 13,000 yuan/ton 13,200 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,600 $/ton 1,600 $/ton
Nylon 6 chips overseas  market 1,830 $/ton 1,830 $/ton
Nylon 6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 14,000 yuan/ton 14,150 yuan/ton +150
Nylon 6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market

Petrochemicals Ny66

14,250 yuan/ton 14,350 yuan/ton +100
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market 20,000 yuan/ton 20,000 yuan/ton
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 16,350 yuan/ton 16,450 yuan/ton +100
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 18,500 yuan/ton 18,600 yuan/ton- +100
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  17,000 yuan/ton 17,150 yuan/ton +150
Spandex 20D  domestic  market

Petrochemicals Ny66

36,100 yuan/ton 36,100 yuan/ton
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 34,600 yuan/ton 34,600 yuan/ton
Spandex 40D  domestic  market  31,600 yuan/ton 31,600 yuan/ton
Adipic Acid domestic market 8,850 yuan/ton 8,775 yuan/ton -75
Benzene domestic market

Petrochemicals Ny66

7,800 yuan/ton 7,300 yuan/ton -500
Benzene overseas  market 893 $/ton 872 $/ton -21
Ethylene South East market 940 $/ton 940 $/ton
Ethylene NWE market 779 $/ton 749 $/ton -30
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market

Petrochemicals Ny66

10,300 yuan/ton 10,300 yuan/ton
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market 1,200 $/ton 1,200 $/ton
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 14,600 yuan/ton 14,600 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 13,100 yuan/ton 13,100 yuan/ton
PP Powder domestic market

Petrochemicals Ny66

7,350 yuan/ton 7,270 yuan/ton -80
Naphtha overseas market  626 $/ton 653 $/ton +27
Phenol domestic market 8,192 yuan/ton 8,275 yuan/ton +83

r-PET high end eco-friendly chips =7,900 yuan/ton 7,900 yuan/ton   –

Samsung Engineering to start FEED on 150,000-tonne Malaysian green hydrogen project

A green hydrogen project in Sarawak, Malaysia, with an annual production capacity of 150,000 tonnes, is set to begin its front-end engineering design (FEED) work by Samsung Engineering, a South Korean company.

The project, named H2Biscus, is a joint venture between Lotte Chemical and Korea National Oil Corporation from South Korea and SEDC Energy from Malaysia.

The project aims to convert green hydrogen into 850,000 tonnes of green ammonia per year, using renewable energy sources.  Petrochemicals Ny66

Samsung Engineering will choose the best hydrogen production method from two options: PEM and alkaline electrolysis, based on efficiency and economic feasibility.

The FEED work is expected to be completed in 2024, followed by a final investment decision (FID) at the end of the same year.

If the FID is approved, the engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) work will start in early 2025, and the commercial production of green hydrogen will commence in early 2028.  Petrochemicals Ny66

The project partners have already secured a renewable power supply agreement with Sarawak Electricity Authority, as per a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU).

Samsung Engineering’s President and CEO, Hong Namkoong, said that the H2Biscus project is a significant milestone for both domestic and international markets, and that they will strive to make it a successful and exemplary model for global hydrogen projects.

Samsung Engineering to start FEED on 150,000-tonne Malaysian green hydrogen project


Petrochemicals Ny66

Plastic waste – Svensk Plaståtervinning opens state-of-the-art facility for plastic recycling 25-11-2023

Plastic waste

Research at the University of Edinburgh could lead the charge toward UK rare element sustainability

A groundbreaking research initiative at the University of Edinburgh, spearheaded by Professor Louise Horsfall and her research group, holds the promise of revolutionizing the sustainability of rare elements in the UK. Focused on bio-based recycling, the project is centered around the utilization of engineered bacteria as a key component in recovering critical metals from end-of-life electric vehicle (EV) batteries.

In this innovative approach, bacteria are employed to extract metallic compounds, including cobalt, manganese, nickel, and lithium, from lithium-ion batteries. The goal is to establish a novel UK-based supply chain for rechargeable vehicle batteries by processing and repurposing these valuable elements. Professor Horsfall’s team is collaborating with the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre (IBioIC) to advance the project to an industrial scale. Plastic waste

The FlexBio center within IBioIC facilitates the refinement of the process in a larger bioreactor, marking a significant step toward practical implementation.

To ensure the effectiveness of the engineered bacteria at scale, the Edinburgh Genome Foundry, situated at the University of Edinburgh, has been instrumental in the selection and modification of bacteria. The process involves introducing bacteria into battery leachate, the liquid remaining after initial processing, within a fermenter to simulate a natural biological reaction. During this reaction, the bacteria generate nano-sized particles of metallic compounds, resulting in a sediment that can be separated and filtered from the residual liquid. Tests are currently underway using material recovered from an EV battery previously employed in a Nissan Leaf.

This cutting-edge research is part of the broader Reuse and Recycling of Lithium-Ion Batteries (ReLiB) initiative, led by the University of Birmingham and financially supported by the Faraday Institution—the UK’s independent institute for electrochemical energy storage science. Plastic waste

With battery electric vehicles comprising 16.1% of total new car sales in the UK from January to June 2023, there is an escalating demand for initiatives that address supply chain pressures and manage waste batteries at the end of their lifespan. As reserves of metals used in batteries diminish, the approach of repurposing existing batteries becomes increasingly vital, especially given that a significant portion of metals in EV batteries is currently imported.

Professor Horsfall, who holds the position of Chair of Sustainable Biotechnology at the University of Edinburgh, emphasizes the importance of considering the fate of technology post-use, stating, “This project is about using cutting-edge sustainable biotechnology to find ways of tackling that challenge and, in turn, extract some of the most valuable metals that can go back into the sector at the early stages of vehicle production.”

Liz Fletcher, the Director of Business Engagement at IBioIC, underscores the dual value of the method being developed, stating, “No one wants to see lithium-ion batteries ending up in landfill, so it is important to explore different ways to repurpose and recycle them.”

She adds that the project could not only provide a petrochemical-free solution to waste but also contribute to reshoring the supply chain for rare metals and future battery manufacturing. Plastic waste

This multidimensional approach aligns with the imperative to make everyday products and services, such as cars and transport, more sustainable through the application of biotechnology.

Plastic waste

Svensk Plaståtervinning opens state-of-the-art facility for plastic recycling

Svensk Plaståtervinning, a Swedish a non-profit company co-owned by Swedish plastics, food and trade industry groups, inaugurated Site Zero, a sorting plant in Motala, Sweden. The plant features Tomra and Sutco equipment and aims to realise a circular economy for plastics by sorting Swedish plastic packaging waste into 12 fractions.

The plant is expected to process 42 metric tons of materials per hour and to recover 12 different types of plastics from mixed plastic packaging waste. This includes a variety of polyolefins, PET, PS, EPS, PVC, and more. The technology allows for purity levels of up to 98%. As of now the clean material fractions are then sent to recyclers in the EU. However, Site Zero is also planning to add recycling capacity to further process the main fractions locally in the future. Plastic waste

With Site Zero the three partners – Svensk Plaståtervinning, Tomra and Sutco – aim to close the loop on plastics and to enable zero waste, zero downcycling and zero emissions. “The plant we are seeing here today is the result of three partners working towards a common goal: closing the loop on plastic packaging.”, Oliver Lambertz, VP and Head of Operations and Feedstock Sourcing at Tomra Feedstock, concludes.


Plastic waste

Plastic waste management: Working towards a sustainable future

The European Commission is determined to address the challenge of plastic waste, with a comprehensive strategy and targets that will transform Europe’s plastic waste management and help the transition to a circular economy.

The exponential growth of plastic use is of global environmental concern. It has led to a surge in plastic waste that our current waste management systems are struggling to manage. Plastic waste

Effective plastic waste management has emerged as a significant challenge and opportunity for innovation that requires a comprehensive and sustainable approach. The European Commission told The Innovation Platform about its plans to manage and mitigate plastic waste, the associated challenges and its progress towards ambitious policies and targets

What is the European Commission currently doing to manage plastic waste? What are key policies and how are they being implemented?

Plastics are an important material in our economy and daily lives. However, they can have serious negative effects on the environment and human health. The EU is taking action to tackle plastic pollution and marine litter to accelerate the transition to a circular and resource-efficient plastics economy.  Plastic waste

The EU Plastics Strategy was adopted in January 2018 to transform the way plastic products are designed, produced, used, and recycled in the EU. We want to improve plastic waste recycling through better design, curbing plastic waste and littering, and driving investments and innovation in the value chain.


Plastic waste

From Northvolt comes the sodium ion battery

The intuition of a start up could soon mark a fundamental turning point in the world of electric cars. Northvolt, a Swedish company specializing in the production of batteries, has in fact developed a sodium ion battery, which does not contain lithium, cobalt or nickel, three metals that are not always so easily available and have unstable prices.
The use of sodium would have another fundamental advantage for the West, as it would minimize dependence on China for the purchase of the three elements, lithium in particular. Northvolt’s product is based on a hard carbon anode and a high-sodium “Prussian white” cathode. Due to the increased safety at high temperatures, the company would find it particularly interesting for energy storage in markets such as India, the Middle East and Africa. Plastic waste
This new sodium ion technology is less expensive and safer than the already known electric batteries; however, the amount of energy it produces is currently lower than that of lithium batteries, making it impossible, for the moment, to exploit sodium ion cells to power electric vehicles. The energy density achieved by Northvolt batteries currently reaches 160 watt hours per kilogram, while that of lithium batteries used in electric cars reaches 250/300 watt hours per kilogram. The first generation of sodium ion cells produced by Northvolt is in fact designed mainly for energy storage, while subsequent productions will offer opportunities for greater energy density to be used in electric vehicles.
Peter Carlsson, CEO and co-founder of Northvolt, said this new technology could be worth tens of billions of dollars as demand for electric batteries is set to increase over the next decade. Northvolt is currently the West’s safest hope against China, Korea and Japan, the three giants that hold a monopoly in the production of electric batteries.
However, sodium ion batteries are not an invention of the Swedish start-up; but the novelty is the lack of heavy metals. Plastic waste
In fact, even the Chinese Catl, the world’s largest battery manufacturer, has developed a similar technology, which however also incorporates nickel, cobalt and manganese, making the product much more expensive and less safe, as it could catch fire even at low temperatures .
Carlsson also added: «The world has placed great hopes in sodium ions and I am very pleased to say that we have developed a technology that will serve to accelerate the energy transition.
This is an important milestone for Northvolt’s market proposition, but technology like this is also critical to achieving global sustainability goals, making electrification more affordable, sustainable and accessible around the world.” Plastic waste
Plastic waste

Nanshan Fashion enters nylon field with Oerlikon

Partners committed to building the business and moving towards brand internationalisation.
At ITMA ASIA + CITME currently underway in Shanghai, Oerlikon Barmag has signed a strategic cooperation agreement with Shandong Nanshan Fashion Technology for a nylon POY+DTY project in Longkou, Shandong, China.The cooperation will see Oerlikon Barmag provide a completely integrated solution for nylon filament from chip drying and spinning to winding and texturing.Both parties will engage in cooperation based on mutual trust and long-term development considerations, with the target of high-end and sustainable nylon production.
Oerlikon Barmag will provide highly-differentiated nylon filament production solutions, integrate the advantages of Nanshan Fashion’s scientific and technological R&D resources and promote a joint brand for the nylon filament industry. Plastic waste
“For Oerlikon, this is the first time we have had the opportunity to work with an integrated textile manufacturer with a well-known brand in Dellma,” said Georg Stausberg, Oerlikon Polymer Processing Solutions CEO. “This should help us better understand  ongoing developments in the consumer market and the demands that they place on the manmade fibre industry. Nanshan Fashion is entering the field of manmade fibre production for the first time and we’ll support the venture with all our experience.”
Nanshan Fashion enters nylon field with Oerlikon

Hyosung, Tefron and Santoni partner to introduce sustainable activewear and seamless apparel

The world is witnessing a growing demand for sustainable and innovative solutions within the textile and fashion industry. To meet the evolving needs of consumers and the environment, Hyosung is collaborating with two of the leading global seamless companies, Tefron and Santoni, to introduce a new generation of sustainable sportswear and seamless apparel made with its certified and multi-functional yarns.

Hyosung, Tefron, and Santoni will unveil its collaborative product, which aims to set new standards in sustainable activewear and seamless clothing, at ISPO Munich this November 28-30 in Hall A1, Booth 335. Plastic waste

“The collaboration between Tefron, Hyosung, and Santoni presents a winning combination of certified eco-friendly raw materials and innovative production techniques,” said Susie Barak, Business Director, Tefron. “By integrating Tefron’s global one-stop shop expertise in seamless knitting with Hyosung’s creora® Bio-Based yarn, the partnership paves the way for innovative designs and styles that were previously challenging to achieve with traditional materials and manufacturing techniques.”

“We are delighted to team-up with two of the most powerful players in the seamless apparel market,” said Simon Whitmarsh-Knight, Hyosung Global Marketing Director -Textiles.

“The benefits of our collaboration are numerous and range from traceable, certified fibres, comfort, and performance to innovative design and versatility.” Plastic waste

To inspire seamless mills and fashion brands, Santoni will introduce its first-ever capsule collection of seamless materials made with Hyosung USDA, SGS-certified creora® Bio-Based elastane, RCS-certified 100% recycled creora® regen elastane, and soft-stretch creora® EasyFlex made on its world-class seamless knitting machines.

At the Santoni ISPO booth, the company will introduce its new SANTONI SM8-TOP2ST machine, a variant of its best-selling SANTONI SM8-TOP2V that allows for the creation of sculptured terry patterns and upgraded seamless designs. Santoni and Hyosung have partnered to create an environmentally friendly and innovative “capsule collection” made with Hyosung USDA, SGS-certified creora® Bio-Based elastane, which will be presented in the Hyosung booth.

The collection features terry knitting solutions to produce different padding effects based on higher protection and comfort. Plastic waste


Breaking Down Waste – Plastic Granulators and Recycling Machines Drive Sustainability Efforts

As awareness grows around the world about the environmental impact of plastic waste, companies and municipalities are ramping up sustainability efforts and looking for solutions.

As awareness grows around the world about the environmental impact of plastic waste, companies and municipalities are ramping up sustainability efforts and looking for solutions. Key to these efforts are technologies like plastic granulators and recycling machines that allow for the efficient breaking down and repurposing of plastic waste.

Plastic granulators are powerful machines that fragment and grind plastic scraps into smaller, uniform pieces called regrinds or granules. The resulting plastic granules provide the feedstock for recycling and can be remade into new plastic products. Common plastic resins that are recycled include PET, PP, HDPE and LDPE.  Plastic waste

“Plastic granulators are an essential first step in the recycling process,” said John Smith, president of ABC Recycling Machinery. “They enable us to take in scrap plastic that would otherwise be destined for landfills and grind it into a raw material that can be reborn as new plastic products. It’s a closed-loop system that creates less waste and uses fewer virgin resources.”

There are numerous types of plastic granulators available that are tailored to different plastic scrap streams and volumes. The granulation process reduces the size of plastic feeds such as bottles, containers, film, engineering plastic and other leftovers from manufacturing or post-consumer use.  Plastic waste

The granulator uses a cutting chamber and rotating knives to continuously slice the plastic until it is small enough to fall through a sized screen. The screen size and knife design can be configured based on the type of plastic stream input as well as the desired particle output size.

ABC Recycling Machinery offers heavy-duty granulators for large volume recycling as well as smaller bench-top granulators for converting scrap in a lab or small manufacturing setting. The granulators have safety mechanisms to prevent operator injury or contact with internal cutting components. Proper feeding rate, screen configuration, blade sharpness maintenance and stable ground anchoring are also critical to safe and efficient operation. Plastic waste


Breaking Down Waste - Plastic Granulators and Recycling Machines Drive Sustainability Efforts

Plastic waste

Plastics Recycling – Recycleye, Valorplast, and TotalEnergies use AI and computer vision to sort food-grade PP during mechanical recycling 24-11-2023

Plastics Recycling

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Adient will participate in the Barclays Global Automotive and Mobility Tech Conference

Adient, a renowned global force in automotive seating, is slated to actively participate in the upcoming Barclays Global Automotive and Mobility Tech Conference scheduled for Thursday, November 30, 2023. Jerome Dorlack, the Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Adient, will engage in a compelling fireside chat set to commence at 10:50 a.m. Eastern time. The event aims to provide valuable insights into Adient’s strategies, performance, and its perspective on the evolving automotive and mobility technology landscape. Plastics Recycling

The fireside chat, featuring Jerome Dorlack, will be accessible to a wider audience through a live webcast. This webcast can be conveniently accessed on the investor section of Adient’s official website at https://investors.adient.com/. Those interested in gaining firsthand knowledge and updates on Adient’s positioning, future initiatives, and market perspectives are encouraged to tune in to this engaging session.

Adient, with its extensive presence as a global leader in automotive seating, stands out with over 70,000 employees spread across 29 countries. The company boasts a network comprising more than 200 manufacturing and assembly plants worldwide. Operating at the forefront of automotive innovation, Adient is recognized for its ability to produce and deliver cutting-edge automotive seating solutions to all major Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs).  Plastics Recycling

From comprehensive seating systems to meticulously crafted individual components, Adient’s proficiency extends across every facet of the automotive seat manufacturing process. The company’s integrated, in-house capabilities empower it to shepherd products from the initial stages of research and design through to engineering and manufacturing. This seamless process culminates in the incorporation of Adient’s automotive seating solutions into millions of vehicles annually, a testament to the company’s commitment to excellence.

For those seeking a deeper understanding of Adient’s contributions to the automotive industry and its dedication to advancing seating technologies, additional information is available on the official Adient website at www.adient.com. The website serves as a comprehensive resource for exploring Adient’s corporate profile, innovations, and its enduring impact on the global automotive landscape.  Plastics Recycling

Plastics Recycling

Plastic has a greater value than we think

Plastic often receives negative attention, primarily due to the issue of plastic litter. However, it is important to acknowledge that plastic adds value to our lives, often in ways that we may not fully appreciate.

From the manufacturing of polymers used to produce preforms and eventually plastic products, plastic holds intrinsic value, and that value does not necessarily diminish once a plastic product has served its purpose.  Plastics Recycling

Safripol, a leading South African producer of polymer, recognises the importance of maximising the advantages of plastic through innovative solutions.

The company is dedicated to enhancing the recyclability of plastic products and promoting its use in durable applications, where it outperforms alternative materials.

The value of plastic to South Africa’s economy

The Department of Trade, Industry, and Competition (DTIC) estimates that there are approximately 1,800 companies in the plastics industry across the country, employing over 60,000 individuals.

The industry’s contribution to South Africa’s total GDP and manufacturing GDP is 2.3 % and 20 % respectively.  Plastics Recycling

These figures do not take into account the significant number of individuals who earn income from plastic-related activities, such as workers involved in the transportation of plastic products, as well as those in industries that rely on plastic components for their operations or the manufacturing of finished goods. In fact, nearly every sector and industry utilises or depends on plastic in some capacity.

The value of plastic to our environment

It is undeniably challenging to recognise the environmental benefits of plastic, particularly when we encounter plastic litter in our streets and parks. However, it is crucial to use plastic responsibly, dispose of it correctly, and promote recycling.

By recycling, we can establish a circular plastics economy. Instead of using additional virgin plastic, various recycling methods can be employed to generate new products that incorporate recycled plastic. This approach enables us to decrease energy consumption and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.  Plastics Recycling


Plastics Recycling

First edition of Plastics Recycling Show Middle East and Africa

The inaugural edition of the Plastics Recycling Show Middle East and Africa (PRS MEA) unfolded from September 5th to 7th, 2023, at the Dubai World Trade Center, marking a significant milestone in advancing the plastics recycling landscape for the Middle East and Africa (MEA) market. Hosted in Dubai, a hub for rapid growth in recycling, the event brought together 98 exhibitors who showcased cutting-edge technologies and solutions geared towards promoting a circular and sustainable economy.

Organized by Media Fusion’s Managing Director, Taher Patrawala, in collaboration with Crain Communications, the PRS MEA aimed to foster a green future by highlighting the latest developments in plastics recycling from global leaders. The event served as a platform for the MEA market to witness the forefront of innovations in recycling solutions. Patrawala expressed his excitement about the region’s interest and emphasized Dubai’s central role in the dynamic recycling landscape. Plastics Recycling

Throughout the three-day event, attendees engaged with exhibitors who presented the latest trends and technologies in the plastics recycling industry, including insights into the bedding- and mattress-related recycling sector. The conference delved into crucial topics such as the current state and opportunities in the plastics recycling market, the collection and sorting landscape in MEA, chemical recycling’s impact on recyclable materials, and innovative solutions for sustainable food packaging to enhance circular economy practices.

A notable highlight was the Panel Discussion on ‘Transitioning to Circularity,’ where industry leaders, including Mustafa Bater from Coca-Cola Eurasia Middle East Operating Unit, emphasized their commitment to sustainability. The event also featured speakers from prominent organizations such as Unilever, PepsiCo, Veolia, Tetra Pak, Nestlé, Dow Chemical IMEA, and others. Plastics Recycling

Material focus sessions, a pivotal component of PRS conferences, included a Material Recycling Focus Session in Dubai. Ton Emans, President of Plastics Recyclers Europe, commended the success of the first PRS MEA edition, expressing enthusiasm about the collaboration between European recyclers’ expertise and the emerging recycling industry in the Middle East and Africa.

As a testament to its triumph, the PRS MEA drew thousands of visitors and international exhibitors, setting the stage for a follow-up event scheduled for September 2024. Matt Barber, reflecting on the success, underlined the event’s role in bringing together diverse industry stakeholders, making PRS MEA a crucial platform for advancing the global agenda of circular plastics.  Plastics Recycling

Plastics Recycling

Recycleye, Valorplast, and TotalEnergies use AI and computer vision to sort food-grade PP during mechanical recycling

Project OMNI – a research project directed by RecycleyeValorplast, and TotalEnergies that utilizes AI and machine learning to identify and separate food-grade polypropylene from household post-consumer waste – has led to ‘ground-breaking results’, the companies report.

Project OMNI is one of seven successful projects selected in Citeo’s call for projects in October 2020. It is said to have proven the viability of sorting food-grade polypropylene waste with AI, computer vision, and an ‘efficient’ decontamination process.

Using waste collected from five French locations by Valorplast, Recycleye built and trained an AI model; the AI and robotic sorting has apparently achieved a successful pick rate of 50% of the food-grade material and >95% purity. This material was further decontaminated on a semi-industrial pilot based on off-the-shelf mechanical recycling technologies, at which point TotalEnergies used it to produce recycled polypropylene for high-end packaging applications. Plastics Recycling

It is hoped that Project OMNI, the result of eighteen months of research, will facilitate ‘system-wide packaging changes’ and take steps towards circularity for polypropylene packaging.

“This project not only demonstrates how cutting-edge technology can improve material circularity, but also paves the way for a wider range of accessible applications for recycled polymers to serve our customers,” explained Nathalie Brunelle, senior vice president of Polymers at TotalEnergies. “It provides a concrete response to the challenge of managing end-of-life plastics, and fully supports our ambition of reaching 1 million tons of circular polymers.”

Victor Dewulf, CEO of Recycleye, continued: “We are extremely excited to see this successful application of our robust AI-powered sorting technology at a semi-industrial scale. This application opens the possibility of creating new markets for recycled plastics materials; ultimately changing the economics of recycling.”  Plastics Recycling


Recycleye, Valorplast, and TotalEnergies use AI and computer vision to sort food-grade PP during mechanical recycling

Clariant’s catalyst chosen for Shenghong’s new world-scale biodegradable plastics project

Clariant, a sustainability-focused specialty chemical company, today announced that it has been awarded a major contract by Jiangsu Shenghong Petrochemical Co., Ltd, to use Clariant’s SynDane 3142 LA catalyst for its new maleic anhydride (MA) production plant in Lianyungang, Jiangsu province, China, said HydrocarbonprocessingPlastics Recycling

With a production capacity of 200,000 tons per year, the new plant slated for start of production in 2025, will be one of the largest production plants for MA worldwide.

The plant in Lianyungang will produce maleic anhydride as an intermediate product for polybutylene adipate terephthalate (PBAT), which in turn will function as a base product for biodegradable plastic. Using the SynDane catalyst, Shenghong Petrochemical will be able to improve production efficiency and reduce power consumption, leading to annual energy savings of up to 24 million CNY.
Xaver Karsunke, Head of Clariant Specialty Catalysts, commented: “Sustainability is at the heart of our company strategy to drive change by partnering with our customers to develop sustainable, efficient solutions.

We are excited to support Shenghong in this ambitious and important project to address the plastic waste problem and maximize their energy savings during MA production with our innovative SynDane catalyst.”  Plastics Recycling


Clariant’s catalyst chosen for Shenghong’s new world-scale biodegradable plastics project

MAP tray on 100 percent rPET creating a fully closed-loop packaging system

Sustainable packaging solution for fresh protein market

MAP tray made from 100 percent rPET for a sustainable, high-performance packaging, Photo: Klöckner Pentaplast

Klöckner Pentaplast (KP) has taken a remarkable step towards sustainable packaging design for the European fresh protein market with “kp Elite”, the MAP modified atmosphere tray made from 100 percent recycled PET (rPET), creating a fully closed-loop packaging system for the industry. At the heart of the new packaging is the only fully recyclable, lightweight tray made from a modified atmosphere mono-material that has been certified as 100 percent recyclable by the cross-industry Recy-Class initiative. “kp Elite” can be seamlessly integrated into existing PET recycling systems, setting a new standard for the end-to-end recyclability of protein packaging.  Plastics Recycling

The combination of the MAP tray with the new “kp Zapora padless” tray and the certified recyclable “kp FlexiLid EH 145 R” barrier film opens up new possibilities for sustainability in the protein sector and creates a fully recyclable, ready-to-box MAP solution from a single source.

Cecilia Guardado, Marketing Director, Trays, at Klöckner Pentaplast, comments: “By communicating ‘kp Elite’s’ closed loop credentials, we’re aiming to drive the fresh protein market further than ever before. Packaging circularity is one of the biggest challenges in the protein market, but when combined with our KP Tray2Tray initiative, ‘kp Elite’ takes a vital step forward in reducing waste and promoting a more resource-efficient protein packaging ecosystem.”  Plastics Recycling


MAP tray on 100 percent rPET creating a fully closed-loop packaging system

XRG Technologies and BayoTech announce partnership

XRG Technologies, a leader in fired equipment engineering and design, and BayoTech, a leader in hydrogen production, transportation, and storage solutions, have announced a new partnership to design and build a proprietary high performance reforming furnace.

In this next generation reformer design, XRG will utilise their combustion expertise and CFD modelling capabilities to tailor heat flux profiles to BayoTech’s proprietary reactor design, enabling more hydrogen production with the same energy input.

BayoTech is accelerating the hydrogen revolution through greater accessibility, starting with its first production plant in Missouri, US.

This next generation reformer furnace will be incorporated into future facilities as BayoTech establishes a network of localised hydrogen production hubs in the US. Producing on a small scale with proprietary technology, BayoTech’s goal is to make reliable, cost-effective, low-carbon hydrogen accessible today.  Plastics Recycling

XRG Technologies is focused on combining diverse expertise with advanced simulation tools to develop innovative combustion and heat transfer solutions, enabling the industry to achieve energy efficiency and environmental stewardship goals.

Tom Korb, XRG’s VP of Technology and Commercial Development, elaborated: “XRG is pleased to partner with BayoTech in our shared vision of making the hydrogen economy a reality. This partnership is especially productive because both companies operate with an innovation and first-mover mindset.  Plastics Recycling


XRG Technologies and BayoTech announce partnership

Electric car – Researchers describe a more sustainable process to recycle biobased polycarbonates 23-11-2023

Plastics Recycling

Electric car – Researchers describe a more sustainable process to recycle biobased polycarbonates 23-11-2023

Electric car

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The next generation of sustainable antimicrobial technologies

Polymers and plastics are ubiquitous in our daily lives, and are used extensively in everything from construction materials and synthetic textiles to medical devices and product packaging. As a result, these materials are frequently exposed to microorganisms, which can accumulate on product surfaces and lead to odours, staining and degradation. Unfortunately, this can result in premature disposal of these items into landfill, significantly increasing their carbon footprint, while generating substantial waste and contributing to a loss of revenue. Antimicrobial additives are a viable solution to this problem, offering long-lasting antimicrobial protection to a wide range of products to prevent microbial damage and reduce waste.  Electric car

The damaging effects of microbes

Microorganisms – such as bacteria, fungi and algae – are tiny lifeforms that exist all around us in vast quantities. They play a critical role in maintaining various ecosystems, by breaking down organic matter for conversion to new food and energy sources, and are also important in maintaining the microbiota within the human body. However, microbes can cause irreversible damage to many man-made products, leading to premature disposal or costly repairs.

Polymers like plastics, rubber and synthetic textiles are particularly susceptible to the metabolic activities of microorganisms. The enzymes and acids released by microbes can break down these substrates, causing discoloration, malodour and decay, and leading to structural and functional damage.1,2 For example, mould can build up and take root within the porous structure of polymer-based caulk used to seal bathroom tiles, leading to recurring aesthetic issues. Electric car

Frequent cleaning and scrubbing with strong chemicals – such as bleach – can, in turn, prematurely degrade the caulk. In addition, microbe-related damage to these products can also make them unsuitable for repurposing or recycling. Without the protection of antimicrobials, microbes can reduce the lifespan of the materials used to tile bathroom surfaces, and they can quickly end up in landfill.


Electric car

Chemical Recycling: The Future of Plastic Recycling in Europe

Europe’s journey towards environmental sustainability is taking a significant turn with the advancement of chemical recycling technologies. A recent study reveals that chemical recycling could contribute up to 34% to the continent’s plastic recycling efforts. This innovation, alongside mechanical recycling, is projected to elevate the overall plastic recycling rate to an impressive 80% by 2030​​.

The study, utilizing material flow analysis (MFA), focuses on the quantitative impact of chemical recycling technologies on Europe’s plastic waste management. It analyzes various scenarios, including the current state and potential future developments. The research points to a mix of recycling methods—mechanical and chemical—as the key to achieving higher recycling rates. This holistic approach is critical in tackling the growing plastic waste challenge.  Electric car

Chemical Recycling Technologies: A Game Changer

Chemical recycling involves sophisticated processes like pyrolysis coupled with distillation and hydrotreatment, as well as gasification combined with Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis. These technologies are pivotal in converting plastic waste into valuable resources, thus playing a crucial role in circular economy efforts.

Chemical recycling, together with mechanical and physical recycling processes scale-up, is vital for EU’s strategic autonomy as waste will be a valuable resource in a circular society we are building now. This is helping the plastics/chemical industry to reduce the dependance on fossil raw materials and associated carbon emissions at the end of use.

Annick Meerschman, Director Innovation in Cefic  Electric car

According to the European Commission, chemical recycling should be promoted as an additional method for processing waste that is not suitable for mechanical recycling, especially if it results in a lower environmental impact compared to incineration and the production of new plastic.

The study mentioned here does just that, highlighting the promising solution that is chemical recycling and providing evidence toward how it can significantly increase the efficacy of plastic waste management​.

The European Scenario and Future Prospects

Europe’s current plastic recycling rate is alarmingly low, prompting an urgent need for advancements in recycling technology.  Electric car

The study conducted at a European level uses material flow analysis modeling to provide estimates of chemical recycling’s contribution to enhancing plastic circularity. It models a status quo for 2018 and compares it with potential future scenarios for 2030, considering developments in both mechanical and chemical recycling technologies.


Electric car

Researchers describe a more sustainable process to recycle biobased polycarbonates

ICIQ researchers describe a more sustainable process to recycle biobased polycarbonates. Credit: ICIQ

A month ago, the European Union banned glitter. This action was part of an effort that aims to reduce the presence of microplastics in our environment by 30%. Waste plastics are a serious problem for our ecosystems, and the push for recycling plastics, in general, has gained significant attention as a potential solution.

“Circular processes for plastics represent ways to recycle chemical feedstock ideally over and over again, thereby greatly contributing to sustainability, avoiding unnecessary plastic waste accumulation and possible formation of microplastics in our eco-systems,” explains Prof. Arjan W. Kleij, Group Leader at the Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia (ICIQ-CERCA).  Electric car

All plastics are mainly made from polymers, macromolecules assembled by the union of many small molecules called monomers. Like a construction game, the ideal plastic recycling process would be the controlled degradation of these polymers into smaller products and the repolymerization of them into functional plastics.

Researchers from ICIQ now describe a circular process to depolymerize and repolymerize polycarbonates, a group of plastics often used in medical applications as surgical instruments, in building and construction as an alternative for glass, and in the automobile industry to enhance vehicle efficiency by reducing weight.

The study, led by group leaders Prof. Arjan W. Kleij and Prof. Carles Bo, in collaboration with Dr. Fernando Bravo, manager of the Knowledge and Technology Transfer (KTT) department, focuses on the use of TBD (triazabicyclodecene), a multi-task catalyst, to promote this circular process for a biobased polycarbonate. Electric car

“The cycle of polycarbonate generation, degradation towards a cyclic carbonate monomer, and re-polymerization to regenerate the polycarbonate using the same catalyst both in the degradation and in the recycling can contribute to a more sustainable circular economy, in which fewer chemicals are involved,” indicates Dr. Fernando Bravo.

The biobased polymer used in this study is formed by monomers of limonene and carbon dioxide, with the former compound extracted from the peel of citrus fruits and available in large amounts from the food industry. Poly(limonene carbonate), shortened to PLC, has an extremely low biodegradability, but chemical degradation, like the catalytic approach presented in this collaboration, can accelerate the degradation process, making it a potentially attractive process for commercial exploitation.

This summer, ICIQ presented a patent for the use of the limonene polycarbonate for adhesive and coating applications as an alternative for oil-based materials. This polymer development is now further complemented by the present discovery, demonstrating the potential of PLC as a circular material to generate plastics that can be easily recycled under practical conditions. Electric car


Electric car

Honda is intensifying its commitment to hydrogen technology, unveiling a groundbreaking fuel cell engine concept set to debut at Hydrogen Week 2023

The company’s dedication to achieving global carbon neutrality by 2050 across all operational divisions is underscored by this innovation, displayed at the Brussels Expo from November 20 to 23. This compact and potent hydrogen engine module, designed for durability and versatility, is poised to revolutionize fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) and find applications in commercial, construction machinery, and stationary power generation.

The prototype reflects Honda’s eagerness to collaborate with commercial and technology partners, urging potential associates to explore possibilities at stand I90 in Hall 7 during European Hydrogen Week. Building on existing collaborations, Honda supports various companies in the development of products within defined application areas, fostering the integration of fuel cell systems into diverse development programs. The company aims to commence commercial sales of fuel cell systems by 2025.  Electric car

Ingo Nyhues, Deputy General Manager, European Business Planning & Development at Honda Motor Europe, emphasized the company’s confidence in the imminent surge in demand for hydrogen technology, with over 30 years of experience in hydrogen cell development. The new fuel cell prototype is characterized by versatility, compactness, powerful output, durability, and quick start-up times, making it an ideal solution for sectors transitioning to zero-emission energy sources.

Identifying four key areas for its fuel cell system deployment, Honda focuses on fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) and heavy commercial vehicles, with plans to introduce the new CR-V FCEV model in North America and Japan by 2024. The company is also investing in clean, low-noise, and low-vibration fuel cell solutions for heavy-duty commercial vehicles. Honda’s collaboration with Isuzu Motors in developing a heavy-duty vehicle with a next-generation fuel cell system underscores its commitment to sustainable propulsion technologies.  Electric car

Stationary power generation is another arena where Honda aims to apply its fuel cell technology, catering to the increased power requirements of data centers and the growing demand for backup power sources. Additionally, the company is set to collaborate with the construction industry, leveraging its fuel cell systems in excavators and wheel loaders to contribute to the development of zero-emission construction machinery.

Honda’s legacy in hydrogen technology spans over three decades, with significant milestones such as the Honda FCX in 2002 and the Clarity Fuel Cell sedan in 2016.

Beyond products, Honda R&D Europe has established a green hydrogen production plant in Germany, utilizing excess solar energy to produce green hydrogen through electrolysis, further expanding the scope of applications in the energy management sector.

Honda is intensifying its commitment to hydrogen technology, unveiling a groundbreaking fuel cell engine concept set to debut at Hydrogen Week 2023

Stellantis has strategically aligned itself with CATL, a prominent Chinese company, marking a significant move towards embracing Lithium-Iron-Phosphate (LFP) batteries

This strategic shift is encapsulated in a non-binding memorandum of understanding that primarily addresses the European market.  Electric car

The document outlines plans for localizing the supply of LFP battery cells and modules, dedicated to powering Stellantis’ electric vehicles manufactured in Europe.

Furthermore, the collaboration extends to exploring the establishment of a joint venture with equal ownership stakes.

Carlos Tavares, the CEO of Stellantis, views the agreement with CATL as a pivotal element in the company’s long-term strategy aimed at ensuring the mobility of the European middle class.

Tavares emphasizes that CATL’s leadership in the sector aligns seamlessly with Stellantis’ objective to provide innovative and accessible battery technology through its renowned brands.  Electric car

This technology is envisaged to play a crucial role in achieving Stellantis’ ambitious target of achieving net-zero carbon emissions by 2030.

The memorandum sets the stage for a prolonged collaboration between CATL and Stellantis, focusing on two key strategic pillars.

Firstly, the partners will jointly develop a technology roadmap that underpins Stellantis’ battery electric vehicles, illustrating a commitment to innovation and progress. Secondly, the memorandum underscores the intent to identify opportunities that will fortify the entire battery value chain.

Robin Zeng, the President and General Manager of CATL, expresses satisfaction in elevating the collaboration with Stellantis to new heights.  Electric car

Zeng recognizes the synergy between Stellantis’ automotive manufacturing expertise and CATL’s cutting-edge battery technology as a decisive step for both companies in their pursuit of carbon neutrality goals.

The partnership, as Zeng asserts, signifies a commitment to offering increasingly competitive and sustainable solutions, contributing to the global energy transition.

In essence, the Stellantis-CATL collaboration on LFP batteries signifies a bold strategic move, positioning both companies at the forefront of sustainable and innovative solutions in the electric vehicle sector. Electric car

Stellantis has strategically aligned itself with CATL, a prominent Chinese company, marking a significant move towards embracing Lithium-Iron-Phosphate (LFP) batteries

The electric car, once hailed as the harbinger of a green revolution in transportation, now reveals a tapestry of contradictions that challenges its claim to sustainability

The narrative that electric vehicles (EVs) mitigate environmental damage by eliminating emissions is overshadowed by the complex web of issues arising from their production.

While electric cars strive to reduce tailpipe emissions, their manufacturing process raises alarming concerns. The extraction and transportation of essential materials such as nickel, lithium, manganese, and cobalt cast a dark shadow over the purported eco-friendliness of EVs. For instance, nickel production in Indonesia has led to deforestation and water pollution, depriving local communities of clean drinking water. The extensive supply chain for these materials adds another layer of opacity, making it nearly impossible to trace their origin accurately.Electric car

Moreover, the exploitation of mine workers, often with minimal rights, poses ethical dilemmas, with reports highlighting dangerous working conditions and, in some instances, the involvement of child labor, particularly in African countries.

Even in advanced nations like Germany, the much-touted Tesla factory exposed the pitfalls of the energy transition. Environmental challenges linked to the production process of electric cars are not confined to developing regions; they permeate even the most developed economies, revealing systemic contradictions.

The push for an all-electric future by the European Union, with a mandate to cease internal combustion engine sales by 2035, demands careful consideration of the inherent contradictions in the electric car sector. Blindly embracing such a monumental shift without addressing the underlying issues risks a counterproductive outcome. A recent survey underscored a paradox where consumers express a desire for electric cars but hesitate to make the purchase. This incongruity underscores the need for greater transparency in the production of EVs, emphasizing that the challenges lie not in the technology itself but in the unregulated practices within the sector.  Electric car

As the world navigates toward a sustainable future, a comprehensive and critical examination of the electric car industry is imperative. Electric car

Technological progress must be accompanied by a paradigm shift in the mindset of both consumers and manufacturers, emphasizing ethical production practices and environmental responsibility. Without such concerted efforts, the promise of a green transportation revolution may remain elusive, marred by the hidden costs and contradictions of the electric car industry.

Packaging specialist Alpla is investing in Morocco and planning expansion

By acquiring a majority stake in the packaging company Atlantic Packaging and establishing a joint venture with the previous sole owner Diana Holding, Alpla Group is expanding its presence in North Africa. In addition to PET preforms for the beverage industry for the regional markets in the Maghreb and for Western Africa, Alpla Morocco also produces plastic pallets by injection moulding and packaging films by extrusion at its modern plant in Tangier. Currently, 32 people are employed at the site.

Alpla Morocco’s preform capacity has already been tripled in 2023 by two additional preform production lines.  Electric car

In the coming years, the company intends to increasing the portfolio of the Moroccan site through further local activities, potentially including bottle and closure production. This initiative aims to establish the groundwork for growth and sustainable packaging solutions in the North Western African Region.

In addition to its packaging subsidiary, Diana Holding is primarily active in the agro-industrial sector. Through this joint venture, the family-run group is claimed to strengthen its packaging division, which was founded in 2007, by capitalising on its substantial bottling experience garnered over nearly 50 years as the former Coca-Cola Company bottler in the northern region of Morocco.

The approximately 12,000 m2 plant in the free trade zone of Tangier is to be expanded in stages over the coming years. More than 20,000 m2 of space is available for future expansion.  Electric car

In the first stage, Alpla Morocco has tripled its production capacity from the current 100 million preforms to around 300 million units per year. To this end, the company is investing in two new PET preform production lines.


Packaging specialist Alpla is investing in Morocco and planning expansion

Biodegradable Polymers – LyondellBasell to Build Industrial-scale Advanced Recycling Plant in Germany 22-11-2023

Biodegradable Polymers

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LyondellBasell to Build Industrial-scale Advanced Recycling Plant in Germany

LyondellBasell (LYB) today announced it has made the final investment decision to build the company’s first industrial-scale catalytic advanced recycling demonstration plant at its Wesseling, Germany, site. Using LyondellBasell’s proprietary MoReTec technology, this plant will be the first commercial scale, single-train advanced recycling plant to convert post-consumer plastic waste into feedstock for production of new plastic materials that can be ran at net zero GHG emissions. The new plant is expected to have an annual capacity of 50,000 tonnes per year and is designed to recycle the amount of plastic packaging waste generated by over 1.2 million German citizens per year. Construction is planned to be completed by the end of 2025.  Biodegradable Polymers

“We are committed to addressing the global challenge of plastic waste and advancing a circular economy, and today’s announcement is another meaningful step in that direction,” says Peter Vanacker, LYB CEO. “Scaling up our catalytic advanced recycling technology will allow us to return larger volumes of plastic waste back into the value chain. By doing this, we will have the ability to produce more materials for high-quality applications, retaining value of plastics for as long as possible.”

The LYB MoReTec demonstration plant will close the gap for difficult to recycle plastics, such as mixed or flexible materials that are currently sent to landfill or incineration. Source One Plastics, a joint venture of LYB and 23 Oaks Investments formed in October 2022, will supply the majority of the sorted processed feedstock. The advanced recycled feedstock produced by the MoReTec facility will be used for the production of polymers sold by LYB under the  CirculenRevive product line for use in a wide range of applications, including medical and food packaging.

The MoReTec difference

The MoReTec technology produces pyrolysis oil and pyrolysis gas. Pyrolysis oil is a substitute for fossil-based materials used in polymer production.  Typically, pyrolysis gas streams are consumed as a fuel, however, the MoReTec technology enables the pyrolysis gas to be recovered as well, contributing to the production of polymer and displacing fossil-based feedstocks, which lowers direct CO2 emissions. Biodegradable Polymers

In addition, the proprietary catalyst technology lowers the process temperature, reduces energy consumption and improves yield.  With lower energy consumption, the process can be powered by electricity, including electricity from renewable sources at net zero GHG emissions.

These differentiating advantages provide a carbon footprint advantage as well. The recovery of pyrolysis gas as feedstock, lower energy demand, electrical heating design, displacement of fossil-feedstocks, and recovery of waste plastic from incineration or landfill result in a significantly lower carbon footprint compared with fossil-based processes. This makes MoReTec a unique value proposition. Biodegradable Polymers

Biodegradable Polymers

Polestar has officially confirmed the integration of super-fast-charging XFC batteries in its electric cars, solidifying a partnership with StoreDot

Scheduled for availability in 2027, the collaboration promises groundbreaking charging capabilities. While previous speculations hinted at this development, Polestar has now formalized the agreement.

In an unprecedented move, Polestar has entered into an exclusive agreement with StoreDot, an Israeli firm renowned for its expertise in rapid battery charging.

StoreDot recently completed the production of initial XFC (Extreme Fast Charging) battery prototypes and distributed them to 15 automakers for testing.

Polestar, as the pioneering adopter, is set to receive XFC batteries capable of recharging its electric vehicles in just 10 minutes.  Biodegradable Polymers

This revolutionary battery technology is anticipated to debut in Polestar models by 2027, marking a significant advancement in electric vehicle charging efficiency.

Polestar’s CEO, Thomas Ingenlath, expressed enthusiasm about the partnership, stating that StoreDot’s technology will enable rapid recharging of their electric cars within minutes.

Echoing this sentiment, StoreDot’s CEO emphasized the shifting concern from range anxiety to charging anxiety, emphasizing the growing demand for electric vehicles with swift recharge capabilities.

To validate the real-world performance of XFC batteries, StoreDot is actively collaborating with Polestar to integrate the systems into production vehicles and ensure optimal functionality beyond the confines of the laboratory.  Biodegradable Polymers

The remarkable endurance of XFC batteries, demonstrated by consistent 10% to 80% charging in just 10 minutes for over 1,000 cycles without significant performance degradation, underscores the potential of this innovative technology.

Biodegradable Polymers

SANTONI Finalizes Acquisition Of Terrot, A Pivotal Realignment Of The Circular Knitting Machine Industry

Santoni Shanghai Knitting Machinery Co., Ltd., made an appearance at the ITMA Asia + CITME, and is honored to announce that it has received regulatory approval from Chinese authorities for its proposed acquisition of Terrot GmbH, a manufacturer of circular knitting machines in Germany.

The acquisition represents a pivotal step in Santoni’s strategy to advance the circular knitting machine industry. The integration of Terrot into the Santoni ecosystem is projected to increase Santoni’s production capacity and boost its market share, and in conjunction with other strategic objectives, firmly solidify Santoni’s position as the leading manufacturer in the industry, with unrivaled scale, depth of innovation and expertise.

Seeking to meet rising demand for high-end circular knitting products, Santoni has pursued an Ecosystem Strategy in recent years, aiming to unify a highly fragmented industry and enhance innovation, sustainability and digitalization to more effectively meet market needs.  Biodegradable Polymers

The deployment of both parties’ latest innovation practices, textile automation offerings, integrated enterprise services, C2M solutions, and a platform for designers “Materialliance”, will allow Santoni Shanghai and Terrot to connect and bridge demand and offer of circular knitted products, delivering substantial added value to clients.

By incorporating Terrot’s offerings, particularly in the double jersey and jacquard sector, Santoni stands to gain a competitive edge in offering high-efficiency machines known for their superior performance, low maintenance, and cost-effectiveness. Highlighting this shift, Terrot’s patented UCC 572-T will be showcased during ITMA Asia + CITME in the Santoni’s Shanghai premises. This state of the art high-feeder transfer jacquard machine for sports and leisurewear in fine gauges will offer a glimpse into the potential of future collaboration.  Biodegradable Polymers

“I am very excited about today’s announcement,” said Gianpietro Belotti, CEO of Santoni Shanghai. The acquisition of Terrot, including the reputable Pilotelli brand, will allow us to deliver on our commitment to building a stronger, more consolidated global ecosystem capable of yielding a sustained competitive advantage in the circular knitting machine industry. Looking ahead, we aim to cultivate an even more extensive talent pool and solutions portfolio, creating synergies that empower us to deliver a superior knitting experience to our customers.”


Biodegradable Polymers

Aloxe inaugurates its new recycled PET plastic manufacturing plant in Messein, France

On November 16th, 2023, Aloxe inaugurated its new recycled PET plastic manufacturing plant in Messein. Aloxe’s €25 million investment in this new plant provides a practical, tried-and-tested technological solution that responds immediately to the major challenges of reusing and recycling single-use foodgrade plastic bottles and, more broadly to the environmental transition in France and Europe.  Biodegradable Polymers

On November 16th, 2023, Aloxe inaugurated its new recycled PET plastic manufacturing plant in Messein (Meurthe-et-Moselle), in the presence of Julien Le Goff, Deputy Prefect, Secretary-General of Meurthe-et-Moselle Prefecture, Dominique Potier, MP for Meurthe-et-Moselle, Philippe Bolo, MP for Maine-et-Loire and an expert in this field, Audrey Bardot, VP of Meurthe-et-Moselle Departmental Council, Filipe Pinho, Chairman of the Moselle-Madon Federation of Municipalities, and Daniel Lagrange, Mayor of Messein.

Aloxe’s €25 million investment in this new plant provides a practical, tried-and-tested technological solution that responds immediately to the major challenges of reusing and recycling single-use foodgrade plastic bottles and, more broadly to the environmental transition in France and Europe. In a mere two years, Aloxe has consolidated and accelerated its industrial development in France by opening the largest recycled PET manufacturing plant in the country, increasing its production capacity from 12.5 kt to 50 kt. In 2024, Aloxe will be independent leader in Recycled PET in Europe, with a 120kt capacity in France, Poland and Italy.  Biodegradable Polymers


Aloxe inaugurates its new recycled PET plastic manufacturing plant in Messein, France

New Method Converts Mixed Plastics Into Biodegradable Polymers

In a groundbreaking development, researchers have introduced a novel method for converting mixed plastics, comprising both traditional and bio-based polymers, into biodegradable alternatives. Traditional recycling processes face challenges when dealing with bio-based plastics like polylactic acid (PLA), as their visual and textural similarity to conventional petroleum-based plastics often leads well-intentioned recyclers to place them in the wrong streams, hindering proper decomposition in composters.

Addressing this issue, a collaborative effort between Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), the Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI), and X—the moonshot incubator under Alphabet—has resulted in a “one-pot” technique. This innovative approach utilizes naturally sourced salt solutions and specific microbes within a single container to catalyze the disintegration of mixed plastics into individual molecules called monomers. Subsequently, microbes ferment these monomers, yielding a new form of biodegradable polymer suitable for crafting various products.  Biodegradable Polymers

The simplicity of this method not only sidesteps the intricate separation process but also promises to enhance the environmental impact of the final product. This breakthrough could revolutionize recycling practices, allowing consumers to mix plastic waste without concern. Beyond simplifying recycling, the team envisions a future where bacteria metabolizing plastic monomers can be harnessed for the bio-based production of valuable goods, such as biofuels or pharmaceuticals.

While the researchers, including the recognized engineer Dou, are currently experimenting with different organic salt catalysts to optimize their method’s efficiency and cost-effectiveness, the ultimate goal is to scale up the process for real-world applications in recycling facilities. Biodegradable Polymers

Their recent paper demonstrated the viability of the approach through bench-scale experiments involving common plastics like polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and PLA, showcasing the potential for transforming the approximately 8.3 billion tons of plastic waste in landfills into valuable and sustainable products.

New Method Converts Mixed Plastics Into Biodegradable Polymers

Clariant inaugurates flame retardants plant in China

Clariant formally launched its state-of-the-art manufacturing site for halogen-free flame retardants in Daya Bay, Huizhou, China, said the company.

The USD67 M investment into the site’s first manufacturing line will offer domestic customers with access to new and sustainable Exolit OP flame retardants and associated technical knowhow to back the significant increase of engineering plastics uses in the electrical & electronics and e-mobility segments.

A second line is being constructed and predicted to come online in 2024, representing another investment worth USD44 M.  Biodegradable Polymers

The new facility will manufacture the company’s international series of patent-protected organo-phosphorus flame retardants and supports the capacity of the firm’s two Exolit OP sites in Knapsack, Germany. The team at the One Clariant Campus in Shanghai will back customers in co-development and in-application evaluation.

The site is run by 100 workers and is situated within the Huizhou Daya Bay Economic and Technological Development Zone (Daya Bay Chem Park) in Guangdong Province. The Daya Bay site of Clariant uses green electricity, allowing a significant decrease in Scope 2 (CO2) emissions.

Clariant inaugurates flame retardants plant in China

DOE to award up to $3.5B more to support domestic battery manufacturing

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced up to $3.5 billion from the Infrastructure Law to boost domestic production of advanced batteries and battery materials nationwide.

The high-capacity battery supply chain consists of five main steps including: (1) raw material production; (2) materials processing including material refinement and processing; (3) battery material /component manufacturing and cell fabrication; (4) battery pack and end use product manufacturing, and (5) battery end-of-life and recycling. This FOA aims to reach across both the midstream and downstream segments of the battery supply chain, supporting both midstream battery materials and component manufacturing, as well as subsequent cell manufacturing and end of life recycling.

This investment, which includes a focus on retaining and creating good-paying union jobs in the manufacturing workforce, is administered by DOE’s Office of Manufacturing and Energy Supply Chains (MESC).  Biodegradable Polymers

With the demand for electric vehicles (EVs) and stationary storage alone projected to increase the size of the lithium battery market by five- to ten-fold by the end of the decade, it is essential that the United States invests in the capacity to accelerate the development of a resilient supply chain for high-capacity batteries, including non-lithium batteries, the DOE said.


DOE to award up to $3.5B more to support domestic battery manufacturing

Plastic recycled – Judge says Ottawa listing plastic items as toxic was ‘unreasonable and unconstitutional’ 21-11-2023

Biodegradable Polymers

Plastic recycled – Judge says Ottawa listing plastic items as toxic was ‘unreasonable and unconstitutional’ 21-11-2023

Plastic recycled

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In the picturesque town of Frauenfeld, Switzerland, a groundbreaking development is underway at Müller Recycling AG, where the age-old practice of sorting PET beverage bottles is taking a leap into the future

With a legacy spanning over three decades, the company has been a stalwart in the recycling industry, witnessing the evolution of sorting systems since 2004. Now, on the cusp of 2024, the torchbearers of sustainability are ushering in a new era with the installation of the latest generation of sorting modules, propelled by the innovative prowess of artificial intelligence.

The avant-garde sorting system, a brainchild of Swiss engineering excellence by Borema Umwelttechnik AG, marks a paradigm shift by integrating artificial intelligence into the intricate dance of segregating PET bottles from extraneous materials while discerning subtle differences in color. The fundamental premise is clear: the more precise the separation, the higher the quality of the recycled PET that emerges from the amalgamated raw material.  Plastic recycled

In the quest for optimal efficiency and precision, Müller Recycling AG has harnessed the power of artificial intelligence, a first in their storied history. Augmenting the capabilities of the latest laser and near-infrared sensors, the AI-driven system brings an unprecedented level of accuracy to the sorting process. Astonishingly, the new system boasts an impressive throughput of up to 49 bottles per second, with a claimed accuracy rate of 99.96 percent. This leap in efficiency not only underscores the commitment to technological advancement but also positions Müller Recycling AG as a frontrunner in sustainable practices within the recycling landscape.  Plastic recycled

However, the journey towards environmental responsibility doesn’t stop at advanced sorting technologies. In a move to amplify the eco-friendliness of PET recycling, Müller Recycling AG has adorned its sorting hall and all other operational spaces with photovoltaic modules. This strategic implementation allows the facilities to harness the power of solar energy, contributing significantly to the electricity requirements of the cutting-edge PET sorting plant. By embracing renewable energy sources, Müller Recycling AG aligns itself with the broader goal of minimizing its carbon footprint and fostering a greener, more sustainable future.  Plastic recycled

As the hum of machinery and the meticulous dance of artificial intelligence converge in the sorting halls of Frauenfeld, Switzerland, Müller Recycling AG stands at the forefront of an environmental revolution. This convergence of cutting-edge technology and sustainable practices not only elevates the efficiency of PET recycling but also serves as a testament to the company’s unwavering commitment to environmental stewardship.

In an industry where every bottle sorted is a step towards a cleaner planet, Müller Recycling AG’s integration of artificial intelligence becomes more than a technological marvel—it becomes a beacon illuminating the path towards a circular economy where innovation and sustainability coalesce for a better tomorrow. Plastic recycled

For those intrigued by the intersection of technology and environmental responsibility, a visit to PET Recycling Schweiz and Müller Recycling AG promises a firsthand glimpse into the future of recycling—one where artificial intelligence is not just a tool but a catalyst for transformative change.

Plastic recycled

Electric cars, Polestar will be the first to fit rechargeable batteries in 10 minutes

In a groundbreaking development set to reshape the landscape of electric vehicles (EVs), Polestar, a prominent player in the zero-emission car realm under the Volvo umbrella, is poised to spearhead a transformative shift by integrating rechargeable batteries capable of achieving a remarkable 10-minute charging time. This paradigm-shifting innovation is expected to be implemented starting in 2027 and represents a pivotal stride in overcoming a longstanding impediment to the widespread adoption of electric cars—the prolonged wait times for recharging.  Plastic recycled

The realm of electric vehicles has undergone remarkable evolution since the introduction of zero-emission cars, with constant advancements pushing the boundaries of what was once deemed unattainable. Polestar, aligning with its commitment to cutting-edge technology, is set to usher in a new era with ultra-fast charging batteries that promise an unprecedented acceleration in charging speeds. Developed by the Israeli company StoreDot, a pioneer in ultra-fast charging battery technology, these batteries, known as XFC (Extreme Fast Charging), are designed to propel electric vehicles from a 10% charge to 80% in an astonishingly brief 10-minute timeframe.

The critical breakthrough offered by these batteries is poised to address one of the primary challenges hindering the widespread adoption of electric cars—the protracted waiting periods for recharging. StoreDot, having initially unveiled its XFC technology, embarked on collaborative efforts with 15 car manufacturers, with Volvo emerging as a privileged partner committed to contributing to the development of this groundbreaking innovation starting in 2024. Plastic recycled

The logical progression of this collaboration has led to Polestar becoming the inaugural automaker to officially incorporate StoreDot’s XFC batteries into its vehicles. An official agreement has been inked, solidifying the supply of these cutting-edge batteries for the first models expected to hit the market in 2027. This strategic move is anticipated to significantly mitigate the inconvenience associated with extended charging durations, positioning Polestar at the forefront of electric vehicle innovation.

Although the 2027 timeline may appear distant, the integration of StoreDot’s XFC batteries into production vehicles demands meticulous testing and seamless integration. StoreDot faces the challenge of ensuring the functionality of its batteries not only in controlled laboratory environments but also through rigorous real-world testing scenarios—a crucial litmus test for any automotive component.

The collaboration between Polestar and StoreDot underscores a shared commitment to addressing a persistent bottleneck in the electric vehicle landscape. StoreDot’s XFC batteries have already demonstrated remarkable endurance, sustaining rapid charging capabilities from 10% to 80% over 1,000 cycles without significant performance degradation. Plastic recycled

As the collaboration progresses, the technological synergy between the two entities aims to culminate in a revolutionary leap forward in electric vehicle charging, promising a future where the inconvenience of extended charging times becomes a relic of the past. StoreDot is concurrently exploring even more advanced battery technologies, with plans to introduce the XFC “100in3” in 2028—an endeavor that further solidifies the commitment to pushing the boundaries of electric vehicle technology.

Plastic recycled

LyondellBasell Collaborates on First Paving Project Using Recycled Plastic

Both LyondellBasell and Plastics Industry Association (PLASTICS) have goals to bring solutions to global challenges, such as helping eliminate and reducing plastic waste. Recently, both organizations came together on a project that has turned the equivalent of 71,000 plastic retail bags into the paving material of a repaved parking lot at the Cincinnati Technology Center in Ohio. This 2,885 square yard lot was made up of over 4,000 pounds of plastic waste and was the first installation of the New End Market Opportunities (NEMO) for Film Asphalt Project.  Plastic recycled

The NEMO Recycled PE project was launched in 2017 in Washington state and aims to better understand the different streams of polyethylene films and identify end-market opportunities for recycled films. The NEMO Asphalt Working Group initiated research on the use of recycled polyethylene (rPE) film blends in asphalt. With a focus on extending the life of plastic waste, this research project if successful, could be used in paving an even larger parking lot using 20,000 pounds of rPE or the equivalent of 1.5 million plastic grocery bags.

“Through this unique project, the LyondellBasell team demonstrates how all plastic can and should be used to its highest potential,” said PLASTICS’ President and CEO Tony Radoszewski.  Plastic recycled

The Cincinnati Technology center assists customers in meeting their business and sustainability goals by developing the most efficient and effective polymer materials required for product performance.  LyondellBasell partnered with Colas Solutions, the National Center for Asphalt Technology (NCAT), and Barrett Paving Materials Inc., to bring the project to life.

“LyondellBasell is taking a leadership position in sustainability, and this is one step of many that affirms our commitment in playing an active role,” said Chuck Holland, Site Manager of the Cincinnati Technology Center.


LyondellBasell Collaborates on First Paving Project Using Recycled Plastic

The Italian masterbatches hub is born

The emergence of the Italian masterbatches hub takes a significant stride as Koinos Capital completes the acquisition of Pavia-based Masterbatch, marking another strategic move following the takeover of Milanese Ultrabatch in July.

This development culminates in the formation of the Impact Formulators Group, positioning itself as a robust entity in the masterbatch formulation landscape.

With an eye on further expansion, additional operations are on the horizon for the burgeoning group. Plastic recycled

Masterbatch, established in 2003 and situated in Casei Gerola within the province of Pavia, stands as a key player in the field.

Led by founders Maurizio Garbelli and Stefano Battaini, the company focuses on the production of additive masterbatch primarily tailored for flame retardancy in construction and electrical cable sectors.

Additionally, Masterbatch manufactures nucleating concentrates and combibatches, seamlessly blending additives and colors.

The company’s 2,500 m2 facility in Casei Gerola boasts an annual production capacity of 1,700 tonnes, generating a turnover of 12.5 million euros, half of which is derived from international markets, notably Germany and France.  Plastic recycled

With an impressive average annual growth rate of 18%, Masterbatch has established itself as a force to be reckoned with in recent years.

The amalgamation of Masterbatch with Ultrabatch, which became part of the group just four months ago, propels Impact Formulators Group to a formidable 40 million euros in turnover. Plastic recycled

The ambitious vision includes doubling this figure by 2025 through a combination of organic growth strategies and strategic acquisitions within the sector.

Francesco Fumagalli, Founding Partner of Koinos Capital, emphasizes the tangible realization of their vision through the Masterbatch acquisition, solidifying the group’s position as an Italian industrial powerhouse with global aspirations.

Fumagalli lauds the collaboration with entrepreneurs Maurizio Garbelli and Stefano Battaini, underscoring their shared commitment to building a dynamic project by leveraging collective know-how, assets, networks, and commercial strength.

Looking ahead, Fumagalli reveals plans for additional operations in the sector, with a keen focus on color masterbatch and additives for PET, technopolymers, and polyolefins.

Ultrabatch, founded in 2003 in Castano Primo, Milan, specializes in formulating masterbatches for applications in the agricultural and industrial sectors.

Achieving a turnover of over 30 million euros last year, Ultrabatch maintains an annual growth rate of 10% since 2017, with 40% of its production distributed internationally, particularly in Europe and North Africa. Plastic recycled

The synergy between Ultrabatch and Masterbatch positions Impact Formulators Group as a formidable force in the ever-evolving masterbatch formulation industry.

The Italian masterbatches hub is born

Judge says Ottawa listing plastic items as toxic was ‘unreasonable and unconstitutional’

A Federal Court judge has ruled that a federal government decision to list plastic items as toxic was “unreasonable and unconstitutional.”

In a ruling released Thursday, Justice Angela Furlanetto wrote that the category of plastic manufactured items was too broad to be given a blanket toxicity label under federal law.

“There is no reasonable apprehension that all listed [plastic manufactured items] are harmful,” Furlanetto wrote. Plastic recycled

The case was brought forward by a group of major industrial players in plastics, including Dow Chemical, Imperial Oil and Nova Chemicals. They argued that Ottawa failed to demonstrate it had enough scientific evidence to justify the regulations.

Environment Minister Steven Guilbeault said the federal government is reviewing Thursday’s decision and is “strongly considering an appeal.”

“Canadians have been loud and clear that they want action to keep plastic out of our environment,” he said in a statement posted on X, formerly Twitter. “That’s what we’ll keep fighting for.”

The move to list plastic items as toxic was a key step that allowed Ottawa to proceed with a ban on some single-use plastic items. Those regulations will prohibit the sale of plastic checkout bags, cutlery, food service ware, stir sticks and straws in Canada after December 20.  Plastic recycled

Lindsay Beck, a lawyer who acted on behalf of environmental groups that intervened in the case, called Thursday’s decision “disappointing.”

“We know that plastic pollution is one of the major environmental crises of our time and this [ruling] really hampers the federal government’s ability to come to grips with this crisis,” Beck told CBC News.

Regulating waste management is generally a provincial responsibility. The government is only able to regulate substances for environmental protection if they are listed as toxic under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act.

But Furlanetto wrote that adding a broad category of plastics to the list went beyond the rules of the Act.  Plastic recycled

“Not every item within [the plastic manufactured items category] has the potential to create a reasonable apprehension of harm,” Furlanetto wrote.

The judge also wrote that Ottawa’s decision “poses a threat to the balance of federalism” because it didn’t restrict its regulations to those plastics that have “potential to cause harm to the environment.”

Judge says Ottawa listing plastic items as toxic was 'unreasonable and unconstitutional'

Covestro Forges Multiple Strategic Partnerships with Carmakers in China

Article-Covestro Forges Multiple Strategic Partnerships with Carmakers in China

The alliances target the use of polycarbonate in display, headlight, and sensor applications, and the deployment of polyurethane in auto interiors and batteries.

While economic growth in China may be decelarating, Covestro is accelerating its activities on the mainland through strategic partnerships in the automotive sector with several local players. Three such tie-ups were announced at the recent China International Import Expo (CIIE) in Shanghai.  Plastic recycled

First, Covestro formalized a strategic partnership aimed at advancing vehicle display technologies with Changzhou Talent-display Optronics & Technology (CTOT), which focuses on the enhanced application of specialized polycarbonate (PC) films to improve vehicle displays.

As automobile technology continues to progress in areas like integration, intelligence, electrification, and data connectivity, the importance of displays as an interface for human-vehicle interaction is growing. Manufacturers not only need to ensure the reliability of these displays but offer flexibility in design to accommodate the rapid changes in new-energy vehicles. In response, Covestro has teamed up with CTOT, a leading manufacturer of backlight modules, to explore tangible solutions. The partnership has already led to the release of Makrofol LM807, a high-quality PC light guide plate material designed for vehicle displa future mobility challenges  Plastic recycled

The second partnership unveiled at CIIE was the establishment of a joint laboratory with Chinese premium electric vehicle brand HiPhi to address key challenges in future mobility. The joint lab will mainly focus on the commercialization of low-carbon materials in future EV models and the establishment of relevant standards, as well as the development of next-generation smart-surface technologies and battery solutions. This initiative builds upon a cooperation agreement signed between the two companies at the CIIE last year.

As EVs becomes increasingly smarter, headlights present new opportunities beyond illumination, according to Covestro. The headlight lenses on the HiPhi Y, for example, are transformed into a projector to display signs and patterns in front of the vehicle, creating an interactive interface with pedestrians and other vehicles. Covestro’s high optical performance Makrolon AL offers the needed dimensional stability, UV resistance, and transparency required for this application.  Plastic recycled

Further, in the HiPhi Y’s LiDAR lenses, the Makrolon AX portfolio demonstrates superior performance compared to glass, including infrared transmittance, the ability to shape curved surfaces, and impact resistance against stone chips. The materials can also endure the working environment of LiDAR at temperatures reaching 115°C for extended periods.

Polyurethane on the inside

Covestro’s third initiative announced at CIIE was a global partnership with Chinese automotive trim company Xinquan Automotive to strengthen the latter’s business in China and support Xinquan’s expansion into North America, Europe, and ASEAN countries. The material focus will be on polyurethane (PU), initially for automotive interior applications, such as instrument panels, door panels, and center armrests. Expanding on the technical collaboration, Covestro and Xinquan will also harness Covestro’s global R&D capabilities to develop low-carbon PU solutions for vehicle interiors by using partially bio-based raw materials.  Plastic recycled

The cooperation also extends to the development of PU applications for electric vehicle battery packs.


Covestro Forges Multiple Strategic Partnerships with Carmakers in China

Verkor marks new milestone in future of sustainable mobility, laying the foundation stone of its Gigafactory

Verkor, joined by the Prime Minister and other members of Government, laid the foundation stone of its Gigafactory aimed to produce low carbon, high-performance electric batteries for sustainable mobility. An event made possible by the European Commission’s validation of French support of 659 million euros for Verkor’s development activities and direct and indirect support for the project of up to €600 million from the European Investment Bank, subject to final approval, as part of the €2 billion financing package announced by Verkor last September.In the presence of Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne, Minister of Energy Transition Agnès Pannier-Runacher, Delegate Minister of Housing and President of the Urban Community of Dunkirk, Patrice Vergriete, President of the Hauts-de-France region Xavier Bertrand and Ambroise Fayolle, Vice-President of the EIB, Verkor officially inaugurated the construction of the Gigafactory located in Dunkirk. The event highlights Verkor’s determination to advance quickly and concretely develop a European, resilient and sustainable battery value chain.  Plastic recycled

Verkor’s Gigafactory will be operational by 2025 with an initial production capacity of 16GWh/year. Located in the Port of Dunkirk, it will contribute to the creation of approximately 1200 jobs and 3000 indirect jobs. The industrial project positions Verkor as a major partner for mobility and stationary storage players, developing high-performance, low-carbon batteries in Europe, in favour of the energy transition.

The construction of this European production site for high-density, high-performance, low carbon batteries for electric vehicles and stationary storage is made possible through the financial support of multiple stakeholders.

Last September, Verkor announced the company had secured 2 billion euros in funding through a Series-C of €850m, direct and indirect banking support for the project of up to €600m from the European Investment Bank (subject to final approval), and national subsidies of approximately €650m recently approved by the European Commission in the context of the state aid framework for research and development and innovation (RDI framework).  Plastic recycled


Verkor marks new milestone in future of sustainable mobility, laying the foundation stone of its Gigafactory

Blue hydrogen – Semi-solid state batteries: a better alternative to solid state ones? 20-11-2023

Plastic recycled

Blue hydrogen – Semi-solid state batteries: a better alternative to solid state ones? 20-11-2023

Blue hydrogen

Petrochemicals textile – Electric brakes, devoid of a hydraulic system, herald a groundbreaking revolution 


Blue hydrogen

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Circular Polymers by Ascend and ReDefyne experts highlight expanded options for post-consumer recycled nylons, PET and PP

CP’s business director will share learnings at Compounding World Expo

Recycling post-consumer nylons for high-performance applications is possible – and achievable with high product consistency and low energy consumption. Circular Polymers by Ascend leader Maria Field has been tapped by Compounding World Expo to show attendees the possibilities.  Blue hydrogen

In her talk titled “Nylon Recycling: A Circularity Story,” Field will discuss how mechanical recycling can convert end-of-life carpet back into usable nylon 6,6 or nylon 6, without the use of added water. With Circular Polymers’ recycling technology, these materials can find new life as fibers or pellets used in new applications, including high-performance engineered materials. The company also recycles polypropylene, PET and calcium carbonate from carpet.

“Recycling carpet has never been more efficient or effective,” Field says. “At Circular Polymers, our proprietary process allows us to convert landfill-bound carpet into feedstocks for materials that go into finished goods such as automobiles, electric vehicles, furniture, household appliances and more.”  Blue hydrogen

Field’s presentation is scheduled for 2:40 p.m. Nov. 15 at Compounding World Expo Theater Two in Cleveland, Ohio. The show runs Nov. 15-16, and Circular Polymers will co-exhibit with its parent company, Ascend Performance Materials, in Stand A-1208.

Ascend experts will be on-hand to discuss ReDefyne™, a line of post-consumer and post-industrial recycled compounds designed for demanding applications, such as under the hood of autos and in electric vehicles.  Blue hydrogen

Circular Polymers by Ascend, a leading recycler of post-consumer carpet, provides the feedstocks for ReDefyne production. It also offers recycled fibers and pellets as feedstocks for compounds and injection molding applications. Earlier this year the company launched Cerene™, a line of recycled polymers and materials.

Ascend Performance Materials, a fully integrated producer of durable high-performance materials, is known for its innovations in nylon 6,6. Cerene continues that legacy with offerings in nylon 6,6 while also bringing to market recycled polymers such as nylon 6, PET and PP.

“Customers around the globe are seeking consistent and reliable post-consumer recycled materials,” said Maria Field, business director of Circular Polymers by Ascend. “All our feedstocks and Cerene materials come from a mechanical recycling process that minimizes carbon footprint and environmental impact.”  Blue hydrogen

Circular Polymers by Ascend has redirected 85 million pounds of carpet from landfills into new goods in its California facility since 2018. Industry recognition includes the Plastic Industry Sustainability Innovation award, Innovation Showcase award from the Association of Plastic Recyclers, Arrow Award from the California Product Stewardship Council and Processor of the Year award from the Carpet America Recovery Effort.

Ascend has published its 2030 Vision, a set of nine sustainability targets including a target to reduce waste by 40% and reduce its scope 1 emissions by 90%. The company recently announced two new efforts to reduce the carbon footprint of its products.


Blue hydrogen

World’s largest plastic sorting facility promises a trashy revolution

A new state-of-the-art plastic sorting facility, the largest of its kind in the world, has been launched in Sweden. It’s big enough to receive almost all plastic waste from Swedish households. The technology could have implications for Australian governments and companies, who have been increasingly embracing the push to go green.

This factory is all about plastic.  Blue hydrogen

Chocolate wrappers, plastic bags, yoghurt containers and white polystyrene boxes are making their way across a 60,000 square metre complex – to be broken down, separated by size, and sorted in a fully automated process.

Mattias Philipsson is the CEO of Sweden Plastic Recycling.

“This what the end result looks like. Here we have each plastic type separately sorted. Here we have ketchup bottles. Here we have a creme fraiche packaging. Here we have a lot of candy wrappers. Here we have rigid, different plastics. And everything is sorted separately, so it can be recycled separately.”

The new plant is called Site Zero, built to receive 200,000 tons of plastic household waste a year Blue hydrogen

While there isn’t yet a market for each type of plastic they sort, upcoming EU legislation is set to require new plastic packaging to contain at least 35 percent recycled material.

The legislation is part of a worldwide push to tackle what Robert Blasiak from the Stockholm Resilience Centre says is a massive plastics pollution problem.

“To date, about 8 billion metric tons of plastic have been produced globally. It’s basically about one metric ton for every person alive today. In most of the world, there aren’t waste management facilities equipped to deal with that scale of plastic pollution… It’s thought that only about 9 percent of that has been recycled, about 12 percent has been incinerated and about 79 percent has entered the natural environment into the ocean, into landfills, into waterways. It’s still with us.”

There’s been a worldwide push for sustainability and a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, and some signs at the grassroots level that the green message is getting through.  Blue hydrogen

In Stockholm, a supermarket called ICA is stocking a grey detergent bottle made from Site Zero’s recycled materials.

ICA packaging manager Karin Jawerth.

“This particular product is the flagship of the circularity that we are trying to achieve, where our recycled packaging becomes a new packaging, and it’s only coming from Swedish households.”

Karin Jawerth says the supermarket wants to work with Site Zero to use fewer types of plastic, avoiding dark plastics that machines struggle to sort and avoiding too much labelling that reduces the quality of the final recycled raw material.

“The most important purpose of the packaging is to protect the product. And it doesn’t matter how recyclable the packaging is if it doesn’t protect the product and we generate more food waste… And it’s not only about recyclability when it comes to sustainable packaging. It’s also about how much packaging material you’re using, how well you can empty the products.”  Blue hydrogen


Blue hydrogen

Neste and Mitsui Chemicals receive Japanese Eco mark for bio-based seaweed snack packaging

NesteMitsui Chemicals, and its subsidiary Prime Polymer are packaging dried seaweed slices with bio-based raw materials for the Japanese Consumers Co-operative Union (JCCU) brand CO-OP.

Prime Polymer is processing Neste RE, a polymer feedstock made entirely from bio-based raw materials, into renewable polypropylene under the brand name Prasus. The polypropylene will then be converted for JCCU food packaging.

This is expected to provide the same quality and performance as its predecessor while cutting down on both fossil-based content and the packaging’s carbon footprint. It uses mass balancing to allocate renewable material to the plastic packaging.

The partners report that the seaweed snack packaging is the first of its kind – i.e., packaging made with renewable plastics in a mass balance approach – to receive the Japanese Eco Mark certification. Blue hydrogen

“Change begins with small things,” Lilyana Budyanto, head of Sustainable Partnerships APAC at Neste’s Renewable Polymers and Chemicals business unit. “In this case, it’s slices of dried seaweed.

“However, the impact of renewable plastics packaging isn’t small at all. It’s a crucial contributor to the sustainability transformation of the plastics industry and reducing emissions along the value chain. We are looking forward to the cooperation with Mitsui Chemicals, Prime Polymer and JCCU evolving.”


Neste and Mitsui Chemicals receive Japanese Eco mark for bio-based seaweed snack packaging

Semi-solid state batteries: a better alternative to solid state ones?

They can match the performance and safety of solid state batteries, but with a simpler and faster production process.  Blue hydrogen

Thanks to a gel-like electrolyte, they are ready to hit the market sooner.

Solid state batteries are often seen as the ultimate solution for electric cars. They promise to deliver many benefits that make them highly desirable.

Many companies are working harto increase the energy density, but with an advantage: the gel allows a faster movement of ions between the electrodes, compared to a solid electrolyte.  

A smart way to overcome technod to bring them to the market, but some researchers are raising an interesting question: what if the best batteries for the future were not solid, but semi-solid?

A semi-solid state battery has an electrolyte that is not liquid, but gel-like (and present in very small amounts).  Blue hydrogen

Like solid state batteries, it aims logical challenges A solid electrolyte, made of ceramic or polymer, is much more difficult to manufacture.

That’s why some startups that are developing solid state batteries are considering adding some gel (or liquid) to their products, to improve their performance.

Some examples are Factorial Energy, StoreDot, Lyten and QuantumScape.

Semi-solid state batteries can offer similar performance to solid state batteries, but with a lower cost and complexity.  Blue hydrogen

Some analysts even wonder if solid state batteries are worth pursuing, given the challenges they face and the advantages of semi-solid state batteries.

Semi-solid state batteries: a better alternative to solid state ones?


UFlex’s innovative, sustainable product lines in Q2 FY24 

UFlex Limited launched several innovative and sustainable products across business verticals in Q2 FY24. The company also won several awards in the quarter ended September 30, 2023.

Packaging Films Business

F-PTX high-barrier thermal stable alox film (offline coating): F-PTX is a high barrier thermal stable transparent Alox BOPET film. The film has a protective printable layer atop a high-barrier vacuum  deposit on one side and the other side is primer-coated or untreated. This film has excellent moisture and oxygen barrier properties and is environmentally friendly. It has an increased yield compared to PVDC-coated films and is a good replacement for PVDC/EVOH (PE) coated films. This film is suitable for high-barrier applications such as dried meat snacks, confectionaries, microwavable foods, etc. The film is suitable for hot fill, sterilization, pasteurization, and retort applications  (125⁰C/45min), which makes it eye-catching and suitable for industrial packaging.

F-UMF melamine-free BOPET Film (Inline Coating): F-UMF is a transparent BOPET film. One side of the film is a UMF chemical-coated surface, with the other side being untreated or corona-treated. It possesses high clarity, excellent machinability and handling properties, and excellent metal bond strength. Blue hydrogen

On one hand, the coated surface provides excellent adhesion with various types of inks and adhesives, and on the other, the corona treatment improves bonding. The film is suitable for printing, lamination, metallization and hot fill, pasteurization, sterilization, and retort application.

CWR White opaque retort-grade CPP film (Functional Raw Material)

CWR white opaque retort-grade CPP film (Functional raw material): C-CWR is a co-extruded white opaque film that is treated for aseptic/retort packaging on one side. It provides excellent sterilization performance, lamination adhesive anchorage, and high seal strength. The primary application areas of this film are sterilization and pasteurization, hot filling, and packing ready-to-eat food.  Blue hydrogen

B-TAS Transparent Anti-fog with Low SIT BOPP Film (BOPP, functional raw material co-extruded layer modification): B-TAF is a newly designed anti-fog (both cold and hot) sealable treated layer on one side and an anti-fog with LOW SIT heats sealable layer on the other side. Good anti-fog functionality (both cold and hot), anti-fog side SIT (<85 °C), good seal performance, and good machinability are some of the quality improvement approaches offered by this film. It is primarily used in the packaging of fresh foods and vegetables and also in hot and cold anti-fog applications.


UFlex’s innovative, sustainable product lines in Q2 FY24 

Experts react to Japan and South Korea’s joint hydrogen and ammonia initiative

Today, Japanese and South Korean leaders are expected to announce a joint supply network for hydrogen and ammonia at the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) meeting.  Blue hydrogen

The initial announcement did not restrict the supply chain to renewable energy-based green hydrogen and ammonia, according to the Nikkei report of the development.

Without clear guardrails, experts say this may lead to fossil fuel-based blue hydrogen and ammonia expansion, which would prolong the use of coal and gas and delay the transition to renewable energy in the Asia region. Blue hydrogen and ammonia rely on the use of carbon capture and storage (CCS), which has historically failed to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

The world’s top LNG importers have been pushing for the expansion of fossil fuel-based blue hydrogen and ammonia domestically and abroad.

Japan’s “Green Transformation” (GX) strategy directs 150 trillion yen ($1 trillion) in public-private investments including nuclear and fossil fuel-based technologies such as LNG, carbon capture storage (CCS), ammonia and hydrogen co-firing at thermal plants as part of its strategy for Asia’s energy transition.  Blue hydrogen

South Korea also aims to expand hydrogen and ammonia including the conversion of 24 coal plants to ammonia co-firing plants by 2030, which experts say will likely prolong the use of coal. While South Korea plans on establishing a clean hydrogen certification system next year, lawmakers are continuing to debate over whether to include fossil fuel-based blue hydrogen in the definition.

Japan’s Mitsubishi Corporation, Korea’s Lotte Chemical, and Germany’s RWE signed an agreement in February to develop an ammonia production and export project in the U.S. that would produce up to 10 million tons of blue ammonia per year.

Japan’s Mitsui & Co. and South Korea’s GS Energy are also planning on producing up to 1 million tons of blue hydrogen per year in the United Arab Emirates with UAE’s oil major ADNOC.  Blue hydrogen


Experts react to Japan and South Korea’s joint hydrogen and ammonia initiative

White hydrogen – Setting Up a Recycled Polyester Manufacturing Plant: Project Report 2023 18-11-2023

Blue hydrogen

Petrochemicals textile – Electric brakes, devoid of a hydraulic system, herald a groundbreaking revolution 20-11-2023

Petrochemicals textile

Petrochemicals textile

  • Polymers : PET – r-PET – Filament grade semidull chips -Filament grade bright chips – Ny6 – Ny66 – PP
  • Feedstocks  PX – PTA – MEG – CPL – Adipic Acid – Benzene – ACN – Ethylene – Phenol – Naphtha
  • Textile : Polyester POY – DTY – FDY – PSF – Recycled Polyester POY – Nylon POY – DTY – FDY Spandex 20-30-40 -Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  Acrylic Staple Fiber 

Petrochemicals textile

Petrochemicals textile

ITEM 13/11/2023 20/11/2023 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 6,900 yuan/ton 7,000 yuan/ton +100
Bottle grade PET chips export market 880 $/ton 890 $/ton +10
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 6,710 yuan/ton 6,825 yuan/ton +115
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 6,750 yuan/ton 6,875 yuan/ton +125
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market 5,825 yuan/ton 6,080 yuan/ton +255
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 740 $/ton 750 $/ton +10
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 4,100 yuan/ton 4,185 yuan/ton +85
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 478 $/ton 488 $/ton +10
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market

Petrochemicals textile

998 $/ton 1,020 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 975 $/ton 997 $/ton +22
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,080 $/ton 1,050 $/ton -30
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 7,325  yuan/ton 7,430 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,350 yuan/ton 7,400 yuan/ton +50
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 8,700 yuan/ton 8,825yuan/ton +125
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F

Petrochemicals textile

8,700 yuan/ton 8,800 yuan/ton +10s0
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 7,950 yuan/ton 8,100 yuan/ton +150
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,400 yuan/ton 7,500 yuan/ton +100
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 12,800 yuan/ton 13,000 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,600 $/ton 1,600 $/ton
Nylon 6 chips overseas  market 1,830 $/ton 1,830 $/ton
Nylon 6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 13,850 yuan/ton 14,000 yuan/ton +150
Nylon 6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market

Petrochemicals textile

14,050 yuan/ton 14,250 yuan/ton +200
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market 20,000 yuan/ton 20,000 yuan/ton
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 16,150 yuan/ton 16,350 yuan/ton +200
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 18,300 yuan/ton 18,500 yuan/ton- +200
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  17,000 yuan/ton 17,000 yuan/ton
Spandex 20D  domestic  market

Petrochemicals textile

36,200 yuan/ton 36,100 yuan/ton -100
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 34,700 yuan/ton 34,600 yuan/ton -100
Spandex 40D  domestic  market  31,700 yuan/ton 31,600 yuan/ton -100
Adipic Acid domestic market 8,900 yuan/ton 8,850 yuan/ton -50
Benzene domestic market

Petrochemicals textile

7,730 yuan/ton 7,800 yuan/ton +70
Benzene overseas  market 869 $/ton 893 $/ton +24
Ethylene South East market 940 $/ton 940 $/ton
Ethylene NWE market 836 $/ton 779 $/ton -57
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market

Petrochemicals textile

10,200 yuan/ton 10,300 yuan/ton +100
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market 1,200 $/ton 1,200 $/ton
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 14,600 yuan/ton 14,600 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 13,150 yuan/ton 13,100 yuan/ton -50
PP Powder domestic market

Petrochemicals textile

7,250 yuan/ton 7,350 yuan/ton +100
Naphtha overseas market  630 $/ton 626 $/ton -4
Phenol domestic market 7,857 yuan/ton 8,192 yuan/ton +335

r-PET high end eco-friendly chips =7,900 yuan/ton 7,900 yuan/ton   –


Petrochemicals textile

Electric brakes, devoid of a hydraulic system, herald a groundbreaking revolution

ZF has unveiled a novel electromechanical braking system, marking a departure from traditional hydraulic setups. Engineered in ZF’s research hubs in China, the USA, and Germany, this purely electric braking system forgoes hydraulic fluid, relying on electric motors to generate braking force on each wheel.

Dr. Holger Klein, CEO of ZF Group, emphasizes the significance of this electrically controlled braking system in expanding their portfolio of interconnected chassis systems. Klein underscores its pivotal role in ushering in a new era of vehicle control, particularly in software-defined and electric vehicles.

The absence of a hydraulic system, termed “dry brake-by-wire,” eliminates the need for brake fluid.

In this system, braking pressure is generated not by fluid pressure in a hydraulic system but by electric motors, with brake signals transmitted electrically.

This innovative brake-by-wire system, exemplified by Integrated Brake Control (IBC), offers advantages such as reduced braking distances, enhanced braking energy recovery, and lower maintenance costs compared to traditional systems.

In emergency braking scenarios at 100 km/h, the braking distance can be up to 9 meters shorter than that of traditional systems.

Electric vehicles, specifically, stand to gain up to 17% more range through improved braking energy recovery.

The “dry” nature of this brake-by-wire system minimizes residual friction torques, resulting in virtually zero particulate emissions from brake abrasion.

This lower resistance not only saves energy during driving but also contributes to increased range in electric vehicles.

Beyond the performance benefits, forgoing the hydraulic system significantly reduces assembly and logistics costs in vehicle production.

Users also benefit from lower maintenance requirements, as there’s no need to change brake fluid over the vehicle’s lifespan.

Despite the absence of mechanical connections between the pedal and brake actuators, the braking sensation remains akin to a hydraulic brake.

Ensuring the security of data transmission and processing, as well as a stable energy supply to electric motors, is achieved through redundancy in all connections and systems, mirroring the reliability seen in aviation by-wire systems.

With over 50 years of experience, ZF, a leading global supplier, provides vehicle manufacturers with flexibility in choosing their braking systems—from purely hydraulic to purely electric or a hybrid combination.

ZF’s comprehensive range spans all components, from wheel brakes to parking brakes, covering hardware and software.

Moreover, ZF’s portfolio extends beyond braking systems to include purely electronic systems for steering, shock absorbers, and brakes, facilitating the creation of interconnected chassis systems.

This approach promises improved driving dynamics, greater vehicle control, shorter braking distances, enhanced steering flexibility, increased stability at high speeds, and improved autonomy and efficiency in software-defined vehicles.

Electric brakes, devoid of a hydraulic system, herald a groundbreaking revolution

White hydrogen – Setting Up a Recycled Polyester Manufacturing Plant: Project Report 2023 18-11-2023

White hydrogen

SK Geo Centric Breaks Ground on Ulsan Recycling Facility

The $1.4 billion facility is expected to be capable of processing 320,000 metric tons of waste plastic per year.

SK Geo Centric held a groundbreaking ceremony on Wednesday, Nov. 15, for the Ulsan Advanced Recycling Cluster (ARC), a waste recycling complex.

The site represents a total projected investment of KRW 1.8 trillion ($1.4 billion USD) and will cover 60 acres. The Ulsan ARC is scheduled to be completed by the end of 2025.

SK Geo Centric is partnering with Plastic EnergyPurecycle Technologies and Loop Industries to apply three recycling technologies in one site: pyrolysis,  polypropylene (PP) extraction and depolymerization.  White hydrogen

“The ability to create a closed-loop recycling system for apparel companies using the Infinite Loop technology will play a significant role in our Asian JV with SKGC as we work to reinvent the supply chain for textile manufacturing in Asia,” says Daniel Solomita, Loop Industries CEO.

When the facility is operational, it is expected to have an annual capacity to reprocess 320,000 metric tons (over 700 million lbs) of plastic waste.

Operating at full capacity, this will enable processing 9% of waste plastic incinerated or buried each year in South Korea and 60% of the nation’s annual consumption of PET water bottles and plastic cups.

SK Geo Centric’s Ulsan ARC project is designed to serve as a model for future projects, with discussions already underway for building additional plants in France, Belgium and China.  White hydrogen

The Ulsan site will be able to create raw plastic materials from a wide range of discarded plastics, such as takeout  containers, bottles, automotive parts and certain plastic-based textiles.

It will be able to turn some plastics, such as vinyl and other composite plastics, into chemical materials that can be used as a substitute for crude oil.


White hydrogen

Carbios’ PET Biorecycling Plant, Longlaville, France

Carbios is developing the world’s first PET biorecycling plant in Longlaville, France.

Carbios, a biotech company based in France, is developing a polyethylene terephthalate (PET) biorecycling plant in Longlaville, France. It is expected to be the first of its kind in the world.

The new facility is being developed in a joint venture (JV) with Indorama Ventures, a producer of recycled PET for beverage bottles. The JV is expected to invest €230m ($242.9m) in the facility.  White hydrogen

The construction is scheduled to begin by the end of 2023, with commissioning targeted for 2025. The project is expected to create approximately 150 direct and indirect full-time jobs.

The new facility is part of Indorama’s Vision 2030, which is aimed at achieving a recycling capacity of 50 billion PET bottles a year by 2025 and 100 billion bottles a year by 2030. Indorama plans to expand the technology to other PET plants based on the performance of the new facility.

Carbios’ PET biorecycling plant location

The PET biorecycling plant will be built on a 13.7ha site within Indorama’s PET production site located in Longlaville, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France. The site has space to double its capacity in the future.  White hydrogen

The plant’s location near the borders of Belgium, Germany and Luxembourg provides access to nearby waste supply.

Development details

Carbios and Indorama announced plans to develop the facility in February 2022. The two companies signed a non-binding memorandum of understanding (MoU) in June 2023 for the project.

Indorama will ensure 100% output repolymerisation and both partners will be responsible for securing feedstock supply under the MoU.

Carbios filed for the permitting process of the new plant in December 2022. The environmental operating permit was issued in September 2023, while the building permits were granted in October 2023.

Carbios’ PET biorecycling plant details

Carbios’ PET biorecycling plant will provide an industrial-scale enzymatic recycling solution for PET waste.  White hydrogen

The plant will have a processing capacity of 50,000t of post-consumer PET waste a year, including non-recyclable mechanical waste equivalent to two billion coloured PET bottles or 2.5 billion PET food trays.

The initial supply for the plant will be sourced by a consortium comprising Carbios, Wellman, a subsidiary of Indorama Ventures and Valorplast, as part of a tender issued by CITEO. Valorplast is a recycling services provider, while CITEO is a not-for-profit organisation focused on reducing the environmental impact of packaging.

The consortium will handle 30% of the tonnage of multilayer food trays proposed by CITEO, a portion of which will be supplied to the new plant in 2025.

Carbios’ enzymatic recycling process details  White hydrogen

Carbios’ C-ZYME is a first-of-its-kind enzyme-based biological process that converts PET plastic and textile waste into its core monomers, which are then purified to enable repolymerisation into a PET of similar quality to that of one manufactured from virgin material.

The solvent-free process overcomes the limits of existing thermomechanical recycling processes that can only recycle clear plastic in a closed loop with some loss in quality. The technology enables all types of PET waste to be recycled, allowing for the manufacture of 100% recycled and infinitely recyclable PET products.  White hydrogen


White hydrogen

The Power and Traceable Proof Behind Lenzing’s Fiber Brands

Now more than ever, companies need to know where their fibers come from. Being able to pinpoint a material’s origin not only helps to provide more specific sustainability progress, benchmarking and reporting, but it also enables brands to make supported, substantiated claims about their products’ impact.

However, the apparel and textile industries’ long and complex supply chains make it challenging to have full confidence in tracing a material origin and the authenticity of the claims made about specific products.  White hydrogen

Most companies can only trace back to Tier 2, or their fabric supplier, leaving opportunities for counterfeit risks. In an effort to establish better traceability practices, wood-based fiber manufacturer the Lenzing Group created traceability and transparency systems and solutions to protect its fiber brands, TENCEL™ and LENZING™ ECOVERO™.

The companies that source Lenzing materials know they are getting the verified, sustainable lyocell and modal, compared to generic viscose fi“Respect and protection of trademarks are our core values, and we strongly believe that innovation is the lifeline for ongoing growth and development of the fashion and home textile value chain,” said Harold Weghorst, vice president of global marketing and branding at Lenzing.

“For years, we have been taking proactive steps to enforce the TENCEL™ and LENZING™ ECOVERO™ trademarks to ensure that the rights of our partners and consumers are protected, and that only products made of authentic branded fibers bear the trademarks.”

In 2018, Lenzing launched its Lenzing E-Branding Service for its supply chain partners. In this system, the manufacturer can have their fabric tested to ensure that it is authentic, meaning that they can accurately claim that their materials are made with Lenzing fibers. Once the test confirms the product contains Lenzing fibers, the producer receives a certificate which can be carried through to the brand buyer, enabling the consumer-facing retailer to apply for product licensing as well as branding materials from Lenzing.

Among the marketing materials available for e-commerce stores are free swing tickets and a Digital Hangtag tool. Even in today’s digital retail environment, hangtags still provide an opportunity for brands to communicate benefits to better market products.

A 2020 consumer survey conducted for Lenzing found that 88 percent of clothing shoppers and 86 percent of bedding buyers read hangtags.  White hydrogen

Lenzing E-Branding Service also includes a helpdesk that gives licensees direct access to experts who can assist them in the certification process.


White hydrogen

Setting Up a Recycled Polyester Manufacturing Plant: Project Report 2023

The report “Recycled Polyester Manufacturing Plant Project Report 2023: Industry Trends, Plant Setup, Machinery, Raw Materials, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue” provides a comprehensive guide for establishing a recycled polyester manufacturing plant. The report covers various aspects, ranging from a broad market overview to intricate details like unit operations, raw material and utility requirements, infrastructure necessities, machinery requirements, manpower needs, packaging and transportation requirements, and more.

In addition to the operational aspects, the report also provides in-depth insights into recycled polyester manufacturing process, project economics, encompassing vital aspects such as capital investments, project funding, operating expenses, income and expenditure projections, fixed and variable costs, direct and indirect expenses, expected ROI, net present value (NPV), profit and loss account, and thorough financial analysis, among other crucial metrics. With this comprehensive roadmap, entrepreneurs and stakeholders can make informed decisions and venture into a successful recycled polyester manufacturing unit.  White hydrogen

Recycled polyester, a sustainable textile innovation, has emerged as a beacon of hope in the fashion and textile industry’s quest for eco-friendliness. This revolutionary material is derived from post-consumer plastic bottles, diverting them from landfills and oceans, and transforming them into a versatile, eco-conscious fabric. With its reduced environmental footprint, recycled polyester addresses the growing concerns of resource depletion and plastic pollution. Its adoption aligns with the global shift towards sustainable fashion, offering a guilt-free alternative to traditional polyester.

This textile has emerged as a sustainable and eco-friendly alternative to traditional polyester, driven by several market drivers and trends. One of the key drivers is the growing global awareness of environmental issues and the need to reduce plastic waste. Recycled polyester addresses this concern by repurposing PET plastic bottles and textile waste into new polyester fibers, reducing the reliance on virgin petroleum-based polyester. Consumer demand for sustainable as well as ethically produced clothing and textiles has also fueled the growth of this textile.  White hydrogen

Brands and manufacturers are responding to this demand by incorporating recycled polyester into their product lines. Additionally, government regulations and policies promoting sustainable practices and circular economy principles have further propelled the adoption of this textile. Innovations in recycling technologies and processes have made it more cost-effective to produce high-quality recycled polyester, making it competitive with virgin polyester in terms of price and performance.


Setting Up a Recycled Polyester Manufacturing Plant: Project Report 2023

In a groundbreaking announcement, scientists worldwide have unveiled the remarkable revelation of an exceptionally abundant reservoir of white hydrogen

This discovery, estimated to encompass a staggering 6 to 250 million metric tons, emerges as a transformative catalyst for the evolution of sustainable energy solutions.

White hydrogen, distinguished for its minimal environmental footprint by yielding only water upon combustion, has long been a coveted resource in sectors like aviation and steel production. The prevailing methods for hydrogen production presently heavily lean on fossil fuels, making this discovery a pivotal stride towards establishing a more environmentally conscious economy.  White hydrogen

The magnitude of interest sparked by this revelation stems from its sheer abundance and the untapped potential it presents as a pristine energy source. This finding not only challenges pre-existing hypotheses but also charts a course towards unexplored frontiers in utilizing hydrogen as an expansive and eco-friendly energy reservoir.

Experts are quick to underscore the profound positive ramifications this discovery could have in the larger context of transitioning towards sustainable energy sources. It serves as a paradigm shift, upending established notions regarding hydrogen supply and laying the groundwork for a future characterized by increased cleanliness and sustainability.

The implications of this white hydrogen deposit extend far beyond its immediate environmental benefits.  White hydrogen

The prospect of a more extensive and accessible source challenges industries to reimagine their energy landscapes, offering a compelling alternative to conventional methods reliant on fossil fuels. As the demand for cleaner energy intensifies, this discovery becomes a linchpin in fostering a global shift towards practices that are not only economically viable but also ecologically responsible.

Moreover, the newfound abundance of white hydrogen provides a strategic advantage in diversifying energy portfolios. Its versatility and eco-friendly attributes position it as a frontrunner in reshaping the energy matrix, potentially reducing our dependence on finite and environmentally taxing resources.  White hydrogen

In conclusion, the revelation of this unprecedented white hydrogen deposit represents a watershed moment in the pursuit of sustainable energy. Its vast potential, coupled with its minimal environmental impact, challenges the status quo and propels us towards a future where hydrogen plays a central role in a cleaner and more sustainable global energy landscape.

In a groundbreaking announcement, scientists worldwide have unveiled the remarkable revelation of an exceptionally abundant reservoir of white hydrogen

Stora Enso to produce 1.2 million tonnes of packaging materials at Oulu mill beginning in 2025

With its new production line in the Oulu Mill in northern Finland, Stora Enso will increase its capacity and produce 1.2 million tonnes of sustainable packaging materials in one site starting from 2025.

“This is an ongoing journey, and a shift in mindset towards packaging sustainability is now taking place across all regions. The regulation is most advanced in Europe, but the trend can be seen everywhere. Our winning combination at Stora Enso is the fact that we can offer our customers a large portfolio of premium-quality materials while supporting their efforts in moving towards more sustainable offering,” Tomi Nurminen, Stora Enso’s Head of Product Line, CKB, says.  White hydrogen

Stora Enso’s expanded capacity in Oulu empowers customers to embrace greater sustainability in their choices for food, beverage and personal care packaging. The new high-quality and material-efficient packaging boards enable the use of renewable materials and encourages circular design principles, including bio-based, recyclable, and low carbon options.

In the long term, the use rate, availability, and cost of sustainable materials will evolve as more people prioritise them. There will be more alternatives available, and materials will be prioritised also by different mechanisms such as the producer responsibility costs.


Stora Enso to produce 1.2 million tonnes of packaging materials at Oulu mill beginning in 2025

Opinion: Establishing a New Plastics Value Equation

The world clearly needs a new plastics value equation – one where the utility of plastics is maintained, CO2 emissions are greatly reduced and plastic pollution is prevented.

There can be no doubt that plastics-producing and plastics-using corporations are largely responsible for significantly reducing the environmental impact of these materials. However, companies’ central role in this pursuit cannot be performed in isolation.

Outlining the circular plastics system
There is growing recognition that the solution is a circular economy. The principal goals are to decouple plastic production from its harmful reliance on fossil feedstock and to keep high-quality plastics in circulation.  White hydrogen

Material circularity holds the greatest potential for carbon emissions abatement. As outlined in the recently launched Plastics Transition Roadmap, a 28% reduction in emissions generated by the European plastics industry is achievable by 2030,  setting us on the path to  net-zero by 2050*. All up- and down-stream levers need to be engaged including new reuse business models, design of lighter materials, design for recycling, as well as mechanical and chemical recycling. Further emission reductions can be realized by increased use of renewable sources of power, green hydrogen, carbon capture and alternative feedstocks such as biowaste in the production of plastics materials.

While all of these avenues must be pursued intensively, one of the biggest opportunities to reduce emissions comes from increasing recycling levels. White hydrogen

Intelligent systems that efficiently sort and then recycle multiple waste streams, including those that are difficult to reprocess, are emerging. This technology is progressing quickly, aided by the adoption of AI, which is set to improve waste sorting and processing efficiency. Moreover, concepts to “decentralise” recycling by setting up small-scale hubs near waste-generating sites are gaining traction.
However, note that there is no “silver bullet” to deliver the new plastics value equation. A range of complementary solutions that operate fluidly at scale is required. Establishing such physical and systemic infrastructure relies on contributions by a variety of stakeholders.


Opinion: Establishing a New Plastics Value Equation

Recycled content – Johnson Matthey demonstrates new recycling technology for fuel-cell and electrolyzer materials 17-11-2023

White hydrogen

Recycled content – Johnson Matthey demonstrates new recycling technology for fuel-cell and electrolyzer materials 17-11-2023

recycled content

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

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Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Beverage industry calls for priority access to recycled content

Seeks to anchor the right to recycled content in proposed PPWR

With the plenary vote on the proposed EU Packaging and Packaging Waste Regulation (PPWR) just a short week away, the European natural mineral water and soft drink industries are urging MEPs to ensure a priority access to recycled content is part of the proposal.

In Sweden and Slovakia, two countries that have already implemented priority access for the beverage industry, the measure has proven to be crucial to securing a consistent supply of recycled content, say deposit and return system (DRS) operators from those countries. It promotes closed-loop recycling where technically possible, and encourages other sectors to invest in the collection and recycling of their own products –  ultimately contributing to a more circular economy.  recycled content

“We see the true value of having a priority access to recycled content enshrined within the Swedish DRS,” Anna-Karin Fondberg, managing director at Sveriges Bryggerier (the Swedish Brewers). With this priority access, also our SMEs are in a position to make the necessary investments in recycled content to achieve their recycled content obligations and circularity ambitions.”

‘’A priority access right to recycled material is a fundamental component of the Slovak DRS,” added Lucia Morvai, director of external affairs and communications of the Slovak DRS Administrator.

“This is absolutely necessary to enable a circular economy. SMEs, in particular, have a lot to gain from it, because they have the possibility to comply with the EU’s recycled content obligations whilst remaining competitive.’’  recycled content

Considerable investments are being made by the European natural mineral waters and soft drinks industries, among others in lightweighting solutions, recyclability and efficient collection systems, such as Deposit and Return Systems. These investments are vital in order to meet the EU mandatory recycled content targets. However, under the current EU regimes, only recycled PET is authorised for use in food contact applications. It is, therefore, imperative for beverage manufacturers to secure a stable supply of rPET if they are to be able to comply with the targets set by the EU.

For this reason, the downcycling of PET beverage bottles should be discouraged, says the industry. According to a 2022 study by Eunomia and Zero Waste Europe, around 68% of the PET beverage bottles collected for recycling are downcycled into other PET product applications, such as polyester textiles, automobiles or toys, rather than collected for bottle-to-bottle recycling. This breaks the recycling loop and restricts the overall rPET supply.  recycled content

recycled content

Sweden opens state-of-the-art plant for sorting plastics for recycling

A new plastics sorting facility inaugurated in Sweden on Wednesday is being billed as the largest of its kind, and one designed to double the amount of plastic packaging materials being recycled in the Nordic country.

A new plastics sorting facility inaugurated in Sweden on Wednesday is being billed as the largest of its kind, and one designed to double the amount of plastic packaging materials being recycled in the Nordic country.  recycled content

Thanks to cutting-edge technology, the Site Zero plant in the central city of Motala can sort up to 200,000 tons of plastic packaging a year, according to Sweden Plastic Recycling, a non-profit company co-owned by Swedish plastics, food and trade industry groups. The company says that’s more than any other sorting facility in the world.

A unique feature of Site Zero is that it can separate up to 12 different types of plastic.

An old plant at the same location could only sort 5 types of plastic, which meant that only 47% of the material was sent on for recycling and the rest was incinerated, said Mattias Philipsson, CEO of Sweden Plastic Recycling.

The new plant will be able to send up to 95% of the packaging for recycling, minimizing the amount that is incinerated. Burning plastic has a climate impact by adding greenhouse gasses to the atmosphere.

The world produces more than 430 million tons of plastic annually, two-thirds of which are short-lived products that soon become waste, filling the ocean and, often, working their way into the human food chain, the U.N. Environment Program said in an April report.

Plastic waste produced globally is set to triple by 2060, with about half ending up in landfill and under one-fifth recycled.  recycled content

Efforts to create a landmark treaty to end global plastic pollution are taking place in Kenya’s capital, Nairobi, where nations, petrochemical companies, environmentalists and others affected by the pollution are gathered for U.N.-backed negotiations.

At Site Zero, the roar of the machines is deafening as conveyor belts carry 40 tons per hour of mixed plastic waste through the entrails of the factory. Gradually, as the chocolate wrappers, plastic bags, yogurt containers or white polystyrene progress across the 60,000 square-meter complex, it’s broken down, separated by size and sorted in a fully automated process reliant on infrared cameras.  recycled content


recycled content

Indorama Ventures reports stable quarterly earnings; management focused on bolstering performance in challenging environment 

Indorama Ventures Public Company Limited (IVL), a global sustainable chemical producer, reported stable third-quarter earnings as the company’s management focuses on conserving cash and improving competitiveness to bolster performance in a continued period of weakness in the global chemical industry.

Indorama Ventures achieved EBITDA of $324 million in 3Q23, an increase of 1% QoQ and a decline of 37% YoY, impacted by a weak economic environment, geopolitical tensions, and continued post-pandemic disruptions in global markets.  recycled content

Sales volumes dropped 5% from a year ago to 3.6 million tons as China recovers from the pandemic more slowly than expected and an extended period of destocking in the manufacturing and chemical sectors continues to normalize from unprecedented levels last year. Management continues to focus on conserving cash, realising efficiency improvements, and optimising the company’s operational footprint to boost profitability. These efforts resulted in positive operating cash flow of US$410 million in the quarter, positive free cash flow of $79 million year to date, and room for further reductions in working capital going forward. The company’s AA- rating was maintained by TRIS in the quarter, with a stable outlook. The company expects the operating environment to improve in 2024 as customer destocking continues to ease across all three of Indorama Ventures’ segments. The ramp up of PET and fibers expansion projects operations in India and the U.S. will also contribute to increased volumes.  recycled content

Combined PET posted EBITDA of $146 million, a 25% decline QoQ, amid historically low benchmark PET margins, increased feedstock prices in Western markets, and lingering effects of destocking. Integrated Oxides and Derivatives (IOD) segment posted a 27% rise in EBITDA to $119 million QoQ, supported by strong MTBE margins in the Integrated Intermediates business. The Integrated Downstream portfolio’s profitability was impacted by destocking, inflationary pressures, and margin pressure from imports. Fibers segment achieved a 140% increase in EBITDA to $48 million QoQ as Lifestyle volumes grew in key markets in Asia, and the Mobility and Hygiene verticals benefited from management’s focus on optimizing operations and refocusing the organization.

Mr DK Agarwal, Deputy Group CEO of Indorama Ventures, said, “I am pleased to report that we are making meaningful progress on the management actions that I mentioned in the last quarter.  recycled content

In the short term, these are resulting in positive free cash flow generation, while in medium term we continue to defend aggressively our first-quartile cost position to emerge with enhanced profitability post the return to normalization in 2024 from the challenging operating environment that the industry faces. I must admit it is surprising that global inventory levels have yet to reach optimum levels, including our own, as the value chains in our segments de-leverage against higher operating costs, especially in Europe and in general from steep interest costs that we feel may stay at peak levels for longer. We are adjusting our global footprint to meet the anticipated supply/demand environment and trade flows to ensure we continue to provide our customers with competitive and reliable offerings and are aligned in providing best-in-class sustainable solutions.”

Visit Indorama


recycled content

“Navigating the Path to a Circular Economy: IDTechEx Explores Sustainable Polymer Technologies”

In the global pursuit of a circular economy, governments, brands, materials suppliers, and the public are rallying to address the escalating threat posed by surging plastic consumption. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) predicts a doubling of global plastic consumption by 2050, accentuating the urgency for sustainable polymer solutions. IDTechEx, a leading research firm, sheds light on the pivotal role played by various stakeholders in propelling the polymer industry towards greater sustainability.  recycled content

Four influential groups are steering the drive for sustainable polymers: governments, retailers or brands, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and the public. Regulatory measures, investments, pledges, and consumer behavior are all contributing factors, with the enforcement and monitoring of regulations likely to wield the most significant influence. A notable development occurred in 2023, as representatives from 180 countries gathered in Paris to discuss a treaty aimed at curbing global plastic pollution.

Addressing the call for sustainable plastics necessitates innovations across the entire polymer value chain, encompassing chemical suppliers, end-users, and recyclers. IDTechEx delves into these innovations, exploring alternative feedstocks such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and biobased inputs, alongside production processes like white biotechnology. The application of these sustainable polymers, especially in high-demand sectors like packaging, is crucial. Furthermore, the end-of-life recycling, through both established mechanical processes and emerging advanced recycling methods, plays a vital role in establishing a truly circular economy.  recycled content

The transition to sustainable polymers encounters various technical and economic challenges, contingent on factors like product properties, the “green premium,” and the ability to decouple pricing from traditional raw materials. IDTechEx delves into the technological developments, challenges, and outlook for innovations spanning the entire polymer value chain.

Biobased feedstocks, including carbon dioxide, bacteria, and others, take center stage in the quest for sustainability. Carbon capture and utilization technologies hold the promise of transforming polymer production into a carbon-negative industry. While challenges persist, government support, investments, and technological advancements signal a positive trajectory.  recycled content

The bioplastic industry, driven by demand for sustainable polymers, is expected to grow at a 10.1% compound annual growth rate over the next decade. Notable advancements include the production of biodegradable water bottles using polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs), showcasing the industry’s potential to compete with traditional plastics.

White biotechnology emerges as a promising area for converting biobased feedstocks into commodity chemicals and materials. Though faced with historical challenges, advancements in synthetic biology provide new possibilities for industrial production using living cell factories.

The application of sustainable polymers in end markets, particularly packaging, presents unique challenges. The sustainable packaging market is evolving rapidly, with increasing regulations on single-use plastics driving the adoption of recycled and biobased materials.

Chemical recycling, despite controversies surrounding its environmental impact, offers a valuable pathway for enhancing the value of end-of-life plastics. With major players entering the market, the mid-term growth of chemical recycling is inevitable, though subject to ongoing scrutiny.  recycled content

In conclusion, the outlook for sustainable polymer technologies is optimistic, driven by the imperative to address plastic consumption and stringent government regulations. As sustainability becomes a corporate and consumer priority, the plastic circular economy is poised to gain momentum, albeit with challenges to overcome in transforming the petrochemical market. IDTechEx remains vigilant, closely monitoring developments in this dynamic landscape.

"Navigating the Path to a Circular Economy: IDTechEx Explores Sustainable Polymer Technologies"

NILIT Scores For Sustainability With Award Winning Partnerships

Advancing apparel sustainability requires partnerships and collaborations that redefine the traditional structure of the global supply chain. Companies across the spectrum from fiber to finished product and through to the end user must work together to create apparel that delivers on consumer demands for performance, longevity, comfort, and style while being better for the planet throughout and after useful life.  recycled content

“Partnership is integral to creating the sustainable apparel that significantly reduces our industry’s burden on the environment,” says Michelle Lea, NILIT’s VP global marketing for the SENSIL® portfolio of sustainable premium Nylon 6.6 performance products. “Over the past two years, we have introduced multiple new SENSIL® technologies to target apparel’s sustainability concerns. Our award-winning collaborations with mills, brands, and retailers are bringing these innovations to life and presenting them to a very receptive performance apparel market.”

Through collaboration with mill partners, NILIT is proud to have been selected for three ISPO Textrends Awards for Fall/Winter 25/26:

Second Layer Top 10 with Pontetorto‘s 9154/M/Bio fabric created with biodegradable SENSIL® BioCare  recycled content

Street Sports Selection with Cifra’s B90MF fabric designed with SENSIL® ByNature, the industry first premium Nylon 6.6 that replaces fossil feedstocks with reclaimed biogas made from recyclyed organic waste

Base Layer Selection with Eusebio’s Kimmy Bio fabric with biodegradable SENSIL® BioCare

At ISPO Munich in Stand A1.444, NILIT will also showcase the partnership with Jack Wolfskin that resulted in the new Pioneers Collection featuring SENSIL® ByNature. Known for designs that optimize style, function, and sustainability, Jack Wolfskin’s Pioneers Collection seamlessly combines the latest sustainable SENSIL® Nylon 6.6 technology with minimalist design to create a responsible and transparently made range of exceptional apparel built for urban and outdoor pursuits.  recycled content


NILIT Scores For Sustainability With Award Winning Partnerships

Pan Era, Milliken tie up on Indonesian PP recycling

Indonesian polyolefins recycler Pan Era has today signed an initial agreement with US manufacturing company Milliken to recycle polypropylene (rPP) in Indonesia.

Pan Era will provide the rPP while Milliken Chemical, the subdivision of the company specialising in additives, will enhance the rPP with additives and handle the manufacturing of finished goods. The partnership will allow the Indonesian recycler to access more customers in the domestic Indonesian markets and within the region. The rPP produced will be under Pan Era’s patented recycled polyolefin brand Eterlene.

The rPP will initially be used to produce thin wall plastic packaging for non-food contact applications. Pan Era will supply approximately 8,000 t/yr of rPP, based on existing Indonesian recycling rates of rPP, according to Milliken’s plastic additives, chemical division country manager Daniel Tanzil. Using rPP in food-contact applications is currently tricky, given a lack of standardised regulations within the region.  recycled content

The melt flow index (MFI) of rPP produced in Indonesia is typically below 30 g/10 minutes. The collaboration between the two companies has produced three new grades of rPP, all with an MFI of 40 g/10 minutes or higher. A higher MFI diversifies the range of rPP applications from thin wall packaging and can extend to the automotive, electronics and industrial sectors, Tanzil said.

The new grades of rPP could be commercially available to customers within the next two months, but this could be prolonged as prospective customers will have differing requirements for the specifications of grades of rPP needed for their products, Milliken said.  recycled content

Milliken has begun marketing the product to global brand owners such as Procter and Gamble and Unilever as well as local companies such as Wings, Tanzil said.


Pan Era, Milliken tie up on Indonesian PP recycling

Johnson Matthey demonstrates new recycling technology for fuel-cell and electrolyzer materials

Johnson Matthey plc (JM; London) announced the successful lab scale demonstration of its new HyRefine technology for recycling hydrogen fuel cell and electrolyser materials. While there are established routes to recycle the platinum group metals (PGMs), often the ionomer isn’t recovered. We believe this is the first ever demonstration of circularity for the PGMs and valuable ionomer together.

JM researchers have proven at lab scale that both the PGMs and the ionomer can be recovered and recycled into new catalyst coated membranes – the performance-defining components at the heart of hydrogen fuel cells and electrolysers.

Separate experiments have confirmed that the recycled PGM catalysts match the performance of fresh material.  recycled content

As the hydrogen economy takes off, embedding circularity is critical to conserve precious resources and minimise the environmental impact of manufacturing new hydrogen technologies.

Using a purely chemical process, JM’s HyRefine technology offers efficiency and sustainability benefits compared to conventional PGM refining.

Processing only fuel cell and electrolyser material, JM’s bespoke HyRefine technology provides additional traceability of the critical PGMs. The output from this process would be 100% secondary (recycled).

Secondary metal has up to a 98% lower carbon footprint than primary (mined) metal, offering significant sustainability benefits[1]recycled content

The PGM can then be seamlessly integrated into JM’s PGM catalyst manufacturing and subsequent CCM manufacturing.

Following successful 5 litre lab scale demonstrations, JM is now scaling up this technology to run 50 litre pilot trials in its facility in Brimsdown, UK.

Alastair Judge, JM’s Chief Executive, Platinum Group Metals Services, said: “This demonstration of our HyRefine technology is a key step on our path to providing a circular service for our fuel cells and electrolyser customers in the future.


Recycled car interiors – New technique can capture or reuse CO2 as a chemical source for the production of sustainable plastic 16-11-2023

recycled content

Recycled car interiors – New technique can capture or reuse CO2 as a chemical source for the production of sustainable plastic 16-11-2023

Recycled car interiors

Crude Oil Prices Trend

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Recycled car interiors are the new chic luxury

Carmakers are lining their electric vehicles with trash — literally — and hoping sparse, eco-friendly cabins will redefine luxury for a new generation of buyers.

Why it matters: Turning recycled denim, fishing nets and plastic bottles — or even mushroom roots — into automotive cockpits may help the industry reduce its carbon footprint.

  • Plus, it’s what today’s premium customers prefer in place of plush leather or polished wood, carmakers say.
  • “Sustainability is luxury,” says Anders Karrberg, head of global sustainability at Volvo Cars. “It speaks to a younger generation.”

Driving the news: Volvo’s newest electric vehicle (EV), the compact EX30 SUV, will test that theory.  Recycled car interiors

  • The Swedish luxury brand is known for its clean and simple Scandinavian design, with light oak interiors that are functional yet beautiful.
  • The EX30, starting at $34,950, puts a whole different spin on that theme, blending an array of recycled and renewable materials into an austere cabin.
  • The bare-bones interior features seat fabric sewn from denim scraps, a dashboard woven with thread from flax and linseed plants, and speckled door accents made from ground-up vinyl window frames.
  • The EX30 has the smallest carbon footprint of any Volvo, the company says.

The big picture: Some automakers have used products like soy or sugar cane fibers in inconspicuous areas for years, like in wiring harnesses under the hood or in the headliner fabric on the inside roof of the car.  Recycled car interiors

  • But there’s a new urgency to use more recyclable and renewable materials as automakers face looming targets to be “carbon neutral” by 2050 or sooner.
  • They won’t hit those goals simply by adding more EVs to their lineups, since evidence shows EVs aren’t driven as much as gasoline-powered cars.
  • To dramatically reduce their carbon footprint, automakers need to decrease greenhouse gas emissions across their operations, including in manufacturing and logistics.

Meanwhile: Like Volvo, Kia is integrating a lot more recycled or plant-based components into its lineup — starting with the EV9, a family-friendly SUV hitting dealerships by the end of the year.  Recycled car interiors

  • The EV9 uses 10 “must-have sustainable materials,” including bio-paint made from rapeseed oil on the door switches, recycled polyethylene terephthalate plastic (PET) in the seats and other surfaces, and recycled fishing nets in the carpet.
  • The South Korean carmaker is taking the trend even further with newly revealed concept cars like the EV3, EV4 and EV5.
  • For example, it’s replacing plastic molding with soft-but-strong plant-based parts “grown” from mycelium, the white hairlike fiber from mushroom roots.

What’s next: Kia eventually wants to develop grown materials using a process called bio-fabrication.

  • “Using mycelium enables us to mimic the processes we see in nature and leverage it to design more sustainable solutions — the material can be grown in any shape you want using a mold,” Marília Biill, who heads up color, materials and fabric design at Kia, notes in a press release.  Recycled car interiors

What to watch: Will these recycled components and biomaterials hold up during the wear and tear of daily driving?

  • Complaints have been rolling in about the durability of a new recycled fabric Apple is using in place of leather for its iPhones and watches.

What they’re saying: “The industry’s been making interiors out of plastic for 70 years, so the supply chain is pretty good at it,” says Stephen Kosowski, manager of long-range strategy and planning for Kia America.

  • “To engineer new parts that are as durable, and have the same look and feel and that will last as long as plastic, is not easy.”
  • “I think we’ve cracked the code on durability,” he said, but the cost of developing sustainable materials remains a challenge.  Recycled car interiors


Recycled car interiors

Technip Energies Creates Reju – An Innovative Polyester Textile Regeneration Company

Building on its technology partnership with IBM and Under Armour, Technip Energies announces the launch of Reju, an innovative company focused on creating new solutions at scale for the vast amount of plastic fiber in textiles that goes unrecycled and ends up as waste. Former Under Armour CEO and apparel industry veteran Patrik Frisk is heading the new company along with Alain Poincheval, COO, a senior executive with Technip Energies.

Technip Energies (PARIS: TE) (ISIN:NL0014559478) announces the creation of Reju, a new company focused on PET (Polyethylene terephthalate) recycling (rPET) of textiles that will leverage the innovative technology co-developed in joint-venture with IBM and Under Armour as well as Technip Energies’ global engineering and technology integration expertise.  Recycled car interiors

Reju will address the fast-growing market of global rPET whose demand from the textile market is expected to grow up to 20 Mtpa by 2033, driven by industry pledges and targets on recycling, regulation and consumer awareness of the need to reduce plastic waste.

Technip Energies, IBM and Under Armour have been working together since 2021 in a joint venture to bring VolCat, an IBM technology for rejuvenating waste PET packaging and polyester, to an industrial scale. VolCat allows the selective breakdown of polymers which IBM first applied to technologies like semiconductor lithography and microelectronics packaging. Reju intends to use this technology to address hard-to-recycle polyester garments and PET packaging lost to the waste stream today. With this technology, acting as a molecular sorter, PET could be regenerated infinitely.

The groundbreaking ceremony for Reju’s demonstration plant took place in September in Technip Energies Frankfurt Research Center with the facility expected to come on stream in 2024.  Recycled car interiors

Arnaud Pieton, CEO of Technip Energies , commented: “Globally, l ess than 1% of PET textiles waste is recycled today . This means that most textiles end up as waste in landfills when they could be repeatedly reused in new clothes. What has been holding the world back in textile circularity is not a lack of demand for textile recycling but the lack of a solution that makes recycling of textiles economical on an industrial scale. For the first time in this domain, a unique scalable technology is directly associated with a scalability expert like Technip Energies. Reju will deliver the promise of economical textile recycling, and we are proud to extend our role as an active agent of circularity.”

Arvind Krishna, CEO of IBM , said: “The health of our planet has never been more pressing, and the amount of fashion apparel and textiles that end up in landfills today is enormous. Recycled car interiors

The good news is that technology can help solve this challenge. IBM is proud to provide its VolCat technology to support Reju in advancing sustainable textile recycling.

We look forward to collaborating with Technip Energies and Reju to champion initiatives like these that place sustainability at the heart of the global textile industry.”


Recycled car interiors

The LYCRA Company launches new LYCRA® FiT400™ fiber

The LYCRA Company, a global leader in developing innovative and sustainable fiber and technology solutions for the apparel and personal care industries, announced today the launch of new LYCRA® FiT400™ fiber for knits.

The company’s latest EcoMade offering is a unique bicomponent fiber engineered to optimize the performance and comfort of knits. It delivers a durable soft hand-feel, low shrinkage and high uniformity to fabrics. LYCRA® FiT400™ fiber is made from 60% recycled PET and 14.4% from bio-derived resources and is GRS certified.

The fiber includes two different polyester polymers, which together create a helical crimp, providing permanent stretch and recovery properties, as well as breathability, cooling comfort and chlorine resistance to fabrics.  Recycled car interiors

LYCRA® FiT400™ fiber helps set the stage for circularity, a key priority for The LYCRA Company. In controlled tests under specific conditions, this fiber was recycled back into new polyester fibers, thereby demonstrating the technical feasibility of this process.*

“We developed LYCRA® FiT400™ fiber to deliver in-demand performance benefits and an enhanced soft hand to the knit fabric category,” said Steve Stewart, chief brand and innovation officer at The LYCRA Company. “This innovation also meets customer and consumer expectations for more sustainable solutions since it is made with recycled and bio-derived materials.”

LYCRA® FiT400™ fiber will be advertised to the trade. The “It’s Time for Better” campaign aims to disrupt the activewear, athleisure and swimwear categories with the message that consumers and the planet deserve better—better-functioning garments offering reduced environmental impact. Recycled car interiors

Fabrics and garments powered by LYCRA® FiT400™ fiber are eligible for LYCRA® XTRA LIFE™ or COOLMAX® EcoMade brand hangtags if they meet specific brand quality standards. Both brands enjoy high levels of consumer brand awareness worldwide.

To learn more about LYCRA® FiT400™ fiber for knits, visit lycra.com.

*LYCRA® FiT400™ fiber is compatible with established polyester chemical recycling processes.

In multiple tests, LYCRA® FiT400™ fiber components were blended with standard polyester components and recycled back into new polyester fibers with comparable performance as standard recycled polyester fibers.  Recycled car interiors


Recycled car interiors

TOMRA to invest €36 million in new infrastructure for Quebec DRS

TOMRA has entered into a long-term agreement to provide ‘reverse vending machines’ for a new deposit return scheme in Quebec starting in 2024.

Following on from the November 1st expansion of Quebec’s deposit return system (DRS), the agreement with the local producer responsibility organization, the Quebec Beverage Container Recycling Association (QBCRA), will see the installation of approximately 1350 TOMRA machines.

The roll-out of automated collection equipment in Quebec will begin in the first quarter of 2024 and continue over three years, during which time TOMRA will make an investment of approximately €36 million in the new infrastructure. Recycled car interiors

“Today, eleven out of 13 Canadian provinces and territories offer deposit return systems, to combat litter, increase recycling, and drive a circular economy,” explained Alain Nault, SVP, General Manager of TOMRA Canada.

“It is inspiring that Quebec is making huge new strides with the modernization of their drink container recycling program, promising to become one of the most efficient systems in the world. TOMRA is excited to be on board as the major provider of automated collection technology for that expansion.”

The Quebec redemption centers will be equipped with TOMRA T9 and T70 reverse vending machines, as well as installations of TOMRA’s Expert Line bulk collection technology for industrial facilities, configured for consumer interaction. Recycled car interiors

The return centers automated by TOMRA include smaller centers that will purchase the reverse vending infrastructure and subscribe to a service agreement, and larger centers that will operate on a throughput model.

The building of new containers’ return centers follows on from the expansion and modernization of Quebec’s deposit return system on November 1st.

Prior to November 1st, the DRS included only beer/soft drink cans, PET and a small portion of one-way glass. Now it will expand to all drinkable beverages between 100ml and 2L, including all cans, plastic and glass bottles, and cartons. The deposit/refund value has also increased from 5 cents to 10 cents, except for glass, which has increased to 25 cents.

The DRS expansion also includes a change to the types of locations where consumers can return their drink containers for recycling. Quebec was until now a return-to-retail model (meaning that supermarkets where drinks are purchased also served as return points), but the province will now move to a “hybrid” return model, with the introduction of return centers, starting from 2024.  Recycled car interiors


TOMRA to invest €36 million in new infrastructure for Quebec DRS

New technique can capture or reuse CO2 as a chemical source for the production of sustainable plastic

To obtain their new compound, the researchers put a raw material into a pressurized reactor filled with CO2. The transformed CO2-based compound is then purified and used to produce monomers to make polymers. When the material is obtained, it is hot-pressed in molds and can be cut into various shapes. Credit: University of Liège / Th.Habets

A team led by chemists at the University of Liège has developed a new polyurethane production technique using CO2 to create new types of easily recyclable plastics. The study, published in the Journal of the American Chemistry Society, could provide a solution for the development of truly sustainable plastics.  Recycled car interiors

Commodity plastics have transformed global industry. Whether in construction, clothing, vehicles or food packaging, these plastics are everywhere in our daily lives, so much so that their global use has been estimated at around 460 million tons in 2019.

“This number is staggering, but not surprising, because plastics, also known as synthetic polymers, have met a large success thanks to their irreplaceable characteristics: they are light, cheap and incredibly versatile,” explains Christophe Detrembleur, chemist at the Center for Education and Research on Macromolecules (CERM) of the University of Liège. “However, the fact that they are difficult to recycle, or even impossible to recycle in the case of thermosets, has serious consequences.”  Recycled car interiors

This impossibility of recycling not only leads to the depletion of the fossil resources used to manufacture them, but also to their very long-term accumulation in nature and the oceans. It is therefore imperative for our society to quickly design and manufacture plastics that can be easily recycled at the end of their life.

In this context, a study led by researchers at the University of Liège and carried out in collaboration with the University of Mons and the University of the Basque Country, reports on a new technique for producing easily recyclable polyurethane plastics.

“The special feature of this approach is the use of carbon dioxide (CO2 )—a major emblematic waste of our society—as a raw material for the production of the building blocks, or monomers, needed to manufacture these new products,” explains Thomas Habets, a doctoral student at CERM and first author of the article. “The structure of the monomers can be easily modified, making it possible to produce plastics with a wide range of properties, from highly malleable elastomers such as silicones to more rigid materials such as polystyrene.”  Recycled car interiors

These plastics have a chemical structure that resembles a three-dimensional network rather than long linear chains. This structure, which is generally associated with thermosets that are very difficult to recycle, makes them more resistant than plastics made from long molecular chains. The polyurethanes created here have new “dynamic” chemical bonds, which means that despite their thermoset structure, they can be reshaped by exchanges of chemical bonds under relatively mild reaction conditions.


New technique can capture or reuse CO2 as a chemical source for the production of sustainable plastic

Duo and Plastix launch shrink film made from waste fishing gear

Duo will manufacture shrink film for food and beverage outer packaging using Plastix’s Oceanix recycled plastic, which is made from 98% maritime waste like fishing nets and ropes.

Fishing gear is one of the deadliest forms of marine waste, reportedly threatening 66% of marine animals and 50% of seabirds. Plastix says that its technology enables the maritime industry to minimise waste fishing gear pollution, which could otherwise end up in the oceans.  Recycled car interiors

According to the companies, Oceanix has undergone a life-cycle assessment and is confirmed to provide up to 94% CO2e savings, when compared with virgin plastics.

Hans Axel Kristensen, CEO at Plastix, says: “Our independent LCA study on Oceanix not only shows world-class CO2 reductions, but at the same time highlights that it is 11 times more climate efficient on freshwater use, five times more on ocean acidification and 43 times more on fossil resource use, compared to virgin plastics.

“It is our mission here at Plastix to reduce maritime plastic pollution and offer the most sustainable recycled plastics as an immediate solution to the world’s climate emergency.

“Duo represents everything we look for in a partner; they demonstrate a shared motivation and drive to make the plastics economy circular to help solve the climate crisis. We’re delighted to partner with them as they step into new packaging territory with exciting products in shrink film.”  Recycled car interiors

Zoe Brimelow, Brand Director at Duo, adds: “Duo remains unwavering in its mission to bring waste full-circle, so this partnership with Plastix was an easy choice; their recycled plastic ticks so many boxes for us as a business. Not only is it an innovative solution to a big environmental problem, but the quality of the green recycled pellet makes for a standout end product too.


Duo and Plastix launch shrink film made from waste fishing gear

NFW and Sage Automotive Interiors Partner to Revolutionise Cars with Biodegradable Plant-Based Leather

Plant-based material company Natural Fiber Welding (NFW) and automotive interior solutions supplier Sage Automotive Interiors (Sage) have partnered to develop animal and plastic-free materials for car interiors.  Recycled car interiors

The strategic partnership aims to manufacture NFW’s plant-based leather MIRUM at scale, offering the automotive industry a recyclable and biodegradable alternative while supporting a circular economy.

“Asahi Kasei, Sage & NFW take a leading role in revolutionizing the market”

Sage, an affiliate of the Japanese company Asahi Kasei, is among the leading global suppliers of seat materials, door panel surfaces, and automobile headliners. With a strong presence in the US, China, and Europe, Sage has been expanding its lineup of growth-potential materials, including leather alternatives.

Dirk Pieper, chairman of the Sage Automotive Interiors board of directors, commented: “By jointly introducing MIRUM®, a plastic-free, plant-based, and fully circular leather alternative, Asahi Kasei, Sage & NFW take a leading role in revolutionizing the market for interior mobility materials.”  Recycled car interiors

Asahi Kasei’s partnership with NFW is part of its “Care for Earth” investment framework, announced in April 2023. Over the next five years, the company will invest $100 million in startups addressing environmental issues. The car interior material industry is among Asahi Kasei’s future growth areas.

The most sustainable option

Based in Peoria, Illinois, NFW was founded in 2015 to develop and manufacture sustainable products using naturally circular, biobased ingredients to replace animal and petrochemical-based materials. Today, NFW has become a platform for plastic-free performance materials spanning sheet goods (plywood and other composite materials), textiles, molded composites, and foams.

The company’s patented leather alternative, MIRUM, is made from natural rubber, fibers, pigments, plant oils, and minerals.  Recycled car interiors


NFW and Sage Automotive Interiors Partner to Revolutionise Cars with Biodegradable Plant-Based Leather

Chemical recycling – Pyrowave introduces nanopurification technology for plastics 15-11-2023

Recycled car interiors

Chemical recycling – Pyrowave introduces nanopurification technology for plastics 15-11-2023

Chemical recycling

The Chinese brick is crumbling

As of the first 10 months of 2023, the foundations of China’s real estate sector are visibly cracking, with a 6.8% year-on-year decline in property sales, adding to the preceding 7.5% downturn observed from January to September. This data, emanating from the National Statistics Office, serves as a glaring indicator of the deep-seated crisis gripping the Chinese real estate market. Concurrently, investments in the construction sector have hit the brakes, experiencing a notable 9.3% decrease following the 9.1% contraction in the preceding January-September period. Chemical recycling

A closer look at specific metrics reveals a concerning trend. New construction initiations, measured in square footage, have plummeted by 23.2% on an annual basis, mirroring the 23.4% slump witnessed in the first nine months of the year. Additionally, the funds amassed by real estate developers have seen a precipitous 11% decline, building upon the 13.5% contraction recorded in the initial nine months of the year.

These alarming figures find resonance within the broader context of investments in fixed assets, which, contrary to expectations, have only grown by a modest 2.9% in the first 10 months of the year.  Chemical recycling

The total, amounting to 41,940 billion yuan (equivalent to nearly 5,830 billion dollars), falls short of anticipated growth, which was pegged at 3.1%. This downturn in real estate activity is emblematic of the economic turbulence faced by China, exacerbated by the crises befalling major players in the industry such as Evergrande and Country Garden. These industry giants, grappling with insurmountable debt and teetering on the brink of collapse, are contributing significantly to the erosion of the dragon’s economic prowess. The reverberations of this downturn extend beyond the realm of real estate, casting a shadow on China’s overall economic landscape.

The Chinese brick is crumbling

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Pyrowave introduces nanopurification technology for plastics

A short-loop chemical recycling process to remove toxic additives and contaminants in plastics

At the 2nd ICIS Recycled Polymers conference held last week in Chicago, Pyrowave introduced a new nanopurification technology that specifically addresses the problem of contaminants in plastic waste and in pyrolysis oil. Contamination is an issue that has held back efforts to scale plastic recycling, precisely because of  the inability to secure feedstock compatible with level of purity required in end applications. In fact, a United Nations report recently highlighted the challenges of handling hazardous chemicals present in plastics – additives and contaminants that represent major concerns to human health and the environment.  Chemical recycling

According to Pyrowave, its nanopurification technology operates at the molecular level to remove contaminants from polymers with perfect control on purified resins, offering a plastic waste pre-treatment to purify the resins that can be used in advanced recycling methods, or directly into final applications. The technology  debottlenecks the access to plastic feedstock, by standardising the material upstream to be compliant with most advanced recycling process, including its own microwave depolymerization process.

Pyrowave has successfully demonstrated the technology by decontaminating polymers and supplying high-quality recycled plastics to industries requiring strict compliance, including food-contact applications.

For advanced recyclers, the ability to pre-treat the feedstock results in a higher quality pyrolysis oil, which in turn, means that the threshold of recycled oil added into steam crackers can be raised.  Chemical recycling

The company was inspired by the purification technologies applied in the pharmaceutical industry. The methodology takes advantage of the large difference in size and solubility disparity between polymers and most additives found in the compounds, using advanced nanofiltration membranes to separate the contaminants out. The patent-pending technology enables simultaneous removal of various contaminants – something not possible when using conventional dissolution methods –  all while maintaining meticulous control over the endpoint.


Chemical recycling

Cosmo First results expect worst to be behind

Cosmo First declared its financial results for the quarter ended June 2023 on 10 August. The results for the quarter would have been better by Rs 20-crore but for the non-repetitive inventory loss arising from the sharp drop in prices of raw materials towards the quarter end.  Chemical recycling

During the quarter, the BOPP demand has started picking up and the demand-supply balance should get restored in the coming quarter(s). In the case of BOPET, where the supply is far in excess of demand, it will take many more quarters for the supply-demand gap to bridge. Margins are therefore likely to remain under pressure with little downside risk.

The export markets showed signs of improvement with better specialty sales. Cosmo with over two third of its revenue coming from BOPP speciality films could withstand the margin pressure better than the industry.  Chemical recycling

“We continue to build our specialty films portfolio by adding speciality polyester films, including shrink labels and sun shield films which would further strengthen our overall margins and also the ability to withstand margin pressures if any in the future,” the company said.

The company’s Petcare vertical Zigly continues to grow rapidly and clocked monthly revenue (GMV) with a run rate revenue of Rs 3-crore on the back of expanding retail footprints, innovative sales promotion, and increasing online presence. The acquisition of Petsy, an online venture in the Petcare space, is complete and would further accelerate the growth of the Petcare vertical.  Chemical recycling

The speciality chemical subsidiary is set to launch newer adhesives in H2, FY24.

Pankaj Poddar, Group CEO, Cosmo First, said “The company is working on multiple growth drivers including speciality BOPET films, sun shield film, rigid packaging, specialty chemicals, petcare, etc.


Chemical recycling

The joint ventures intend to issue a final investment decision in 2023, with construction beginning that year

Production is production to commence in late 2025 or early 2026. Between the two facilities, over 125 new jobs would be created if the project moves forward.

“With the establishment of this JV, LG Chem will not only procure production capacities for highly pure lactic acid needed for commercial-scale PLA production, but will also be able to apply biomaterials in the development of various high-value-added products. Based on eco-friendly materials, which is an axis for new growth engines, we will respond to the rapidly changing market and customers, while becoming a market leader, ” said Hak Cheol Shin, CEO of LG Chem, in a statement.  Chemical recycling


The joint ventures intend to issue a final investment decision in 2023, with construction beginning that year

In China, even finance is communist: Xi is the central banker (but the crisis does not pass)

In China, the once-unchallenged trajectory of economic prosperity is now met with unprecedented challenges, sending shockwaves through all levels of society

Unlike the West, which has grown accustomed to periodic crises, China has been relatively immune for several decades. However, the current state of Beijing’s economy is causing widespread concern, marked by a significant slowdown in economic growth, a looming real estate bubble, and the staggering youth unemployment exacerbated by Xi Jinping’s stringent measures on the hi-tech sector.  Chemical recycling

The severity of the situation is not lost on the Communist Party, whose social legitimacy historically hinged on meeting the needs of the people. For decades, a tacit agreement existed: citizens traded some freedoms for steadily improving living conditions. Now, this implicit contract is unraveling, and the Party, under mounting pressure from its populace, is grappling with how to regain control.

The recent Central Financial Work Conference, held every five years to outline financial objectives, provided a glimpse into Xi’s vision. In his central speech, Xi unveiled a new economic model emphasizing the “rejuvenation” of the country through “socialism with Chinese characteristics for the new era.” A central tenet of this vision involves the Communist Party reclaiming a pivotal role in the entire economy.

Market forces, once allowed a degree of freedom, are now to be tightly controlled, if not outright impeded.  Chemical recycling

This shift had already manifested in various measures, such as the drastic downsizing of Alibaba’s Jack Ma, the crackdown on internet giants, dismantling of online higher education sectors, and restrictions imposed on private businesses, which constitute 80% of the nation’s employment. The presence of party cells in companies, even foreign ones, reflects the growing intrusion of political influence. Foreign consultancy firms have faced ostracism and repression, while security and anti-espionage laws grant unprecedented powers to Chinese authorities.

In a departure from the previous focus on economic development, the central theme now is security – both geopolitical and domestic.

The goal is to create an economy and technology that are less reliant on international relations and foreign exchanges.  Chemical recycling

Against this backdrop, the latest move is a profound transformation of the financial sector. The establishment of a Central Financial Commission, announced during the Conference, consolidates significant powers directly under the Communist Party’s purview.

This Commission will oversee the central bank, the regulatory commission for financial activities, and stock exchange authorities, essentially placing the entire Chinese financial sector, valued at over 60 trillion dollars, under the direct control of the Chinese Communist Party. As the economic landscape undergoes this tectonic shift, the world watches with anticipation, wondering whether these measures will steer China towards stability or introduce a new chapter of uncertainties.  Chemical recycling

Chemical recycling

Hyundai, the electric revolution of the world’s largest car factory

Hyundai, at the forefront of the global automotive industry, is gearing up for an electric revolution that promises to reshape the landscape of the world’s largest car factory

The visionary words of Ju-yung Chung, Hyundai’s founder, echoing the conviction that “Korean cars will conquer the world,” laid the foundation for a remarkable journey.

Now, Hyundai Motor Group, currently holding the esteemed third place among car manufacturers globally, is poised to dominate the electric vehicle (EV) market by expanding the production capacity of its colossal Ulsan plant.

The Ulsan plant, already a colossus in the automotive realm, assembled a staggering 1.4 million cars in 2022 alone, dwarfing even Volkswagen’s facility in Wolfsburg, Germany, which can manage a maximum of 800,000 cars annually. Chemical recycling

In an ambitious move, Hyundai plans to carve out a dedicated production line within this automotive behemoth, earmarking a substantial 548 thousand square meters for the construction of a cutting-edge electric car plant.

The symbolic laying of the first stone on November 13 marked the initiation of this transformative endeavor, attended by key figures such as Euisun Chung, executive president of Hyundai Motor Group, Jaehoon Chang, president and CEO of Hyundai Motor Company, along with local officials.

The emphasis of this new facility extends beyond mere production capacity augmentation. Hyundai is actively seeking to integrate revolutionary production technologies to redefine the manufacturing process for electric vehicles.

While details remain undisclosed, there are tantalizing speculations about the adoption of the Hyundai Hyper Casting method.  Chemical recycling

When queried about this groundbreaking technique, the response was elusive yet suggestive, hinting at an innovative manufacturing platform developed by the Hyundai Motor Group Singapore Innovation Center (HMGICS). This platform incorporates intelligent control systems driven by artificial intelligence, prioritizing employee safety, convenience, and operational efficiency.

Additionally, it employs eco-friendly, low-carbon construction methods, aligning with sustainability goals such as carbon neutrality and RE100 certification.

The investment allocated for the Ulsan expansion amounts to a formidable $1.53 billion, a strategic move in line with Hyundai’s broader vision.  Chemical recycling

The Korean conglomerate aims to bolster domestic production of electric cars from the current 330 thousand units to a staggering 1.51 million by 2030. This surge in production will contribute to a global output of 3 million cars, emanating from 10 factories strategically positioned worldwide.

In this ambitious pursuit, Hyundai plans to unleash approximately thirty electric models under both the Hyundai and Kia brands.

This multifaceted approach positions Hyundai to contend for a spot among the top three electric car manufacturers globally, an echelon currently dominated by Tesla and BYD.

The challenge for electric domination is not only a strategic business move for Hyundai; it is a revival of ambition echoing the spirit of 1963, when Hyundai embarked on its journey. As the electric revolution unfolds, the Korean giant aims to rewrite history and reclaim its position at the forefront of automotive innovation.  Chemical recycling

Hyundai, the electric revolution of the world's largest car factory

Xi Jinping’s upcoming trip to San Francisco from November 14 to 17 holds critical significance, especially in light of the recent economic turbulence between the USA and China

The central focus of this diplomatic journey is a dinner engagement with American captains of industry. The primary objective for the Chinese leader is to reestablish trust and confidence among US investors, given the substantial withdrawal of funds by foreign companies from the Chinese market over the last six quarters.  Chemical recycling

An astonishing $160 billion has been pulled out by foreign companies during this period. Even more concerning is the fact that the Chinese State Administration of Foreign Exchange (Safe) reported a deficit in foreign direct investments for the first time in a quarter of a century, amounting to $11.8 billion in the third quarter of 2023. This financial setback prompted Chinese authorities to diligently prepare for the summit in San Francisco.

Simultaneously occurring with the Apec summit dominated by Biden and Xi, the meeting in San Francisco gathers hundreds of American business executives, including CEOs of major multinational corporations such as Microsoft, Pfizer, and ExxonMobil. The gala evening invitation hints at the participation of a “senior Chinese official and his ministerial delegation.” While the name remains undisclosed, the ticket price is hefty, requiring $40,000 for a table reservation accommodating eight executives. This investment promises a close encounter with the mysterious Chinese official expected to deliver a significant speech.  Chemical recycling

The anticipation surrounding this event stems from the urgent need for Xi Jinping to address the concerns and reservations of American business leaders. The invitation card emphasizes the importance of the speech, raising expectations for a persuasive and reassuring message from the communist general secretary.

Xi’s recent diplomatic efforts include a letter read by his ambassador at the National Committee on US-China Relations gala in New York.

The letter stressed the need for “mutual respect,” “peaceful coexistence,” and “double win-win cooperation,” highlighting the crucial role of amicable relations between the two superpowers for global stability. However, the reality contradicts these diplomatic aspirations.  Chemical recycling

A survey conducted by the US-China Business Council reveals that 34 percent of its members have either halted or reduced planned investments for the year 2023.

The hesitancy among American businesses stems from the Chinese Communist Party’s increased intervention in the market and the intimidating effects of recent anti-espionage legislation. Incidents such as the arrests of employees from Mintz Group and the searches at the offices of Bain & Company in Shanghai have further deterred US businesses.

Beijing TV, in a report on these incidents, has framed them as attempts by Americans to steal intelligence on crucial sectors of the Chinese production system, financial data, energy, and even healthcare. This narrative suggests a purported “well-known plan to contain and suffocate the rise of China.”  Chemical recycling

As of November, Gallup, renowned for its opinion polls, has also withdrawn from China. The question remains: can a $40,000 dinner and an eloquent speech truly alter the perspectives of the skeptical American business community? Xi Jinping’s words during this high-stakes summit will play a pivotal role in shaping the trajectory of US-China economic relations.

Xi Jinping's upcoming trip to San Francisco from November 14 to 17 holds critical significance, especially in light of the recent economic turbulence between the USA and China

Global negotiations for plastic treaty commences in Kenya

The third session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC-3), tasked with developing a legally binding global treaty to address plastic pollution, opened in the Kenyan capital of Nairobi on Monday.Over 2,000 representatives from governments, civil society, industry and academia are attending the seven-day meeting. They will discuss the Zero draft text, which forms the basis for establishing a global treaty to enhance action against plastic litter that is causing harm to terrestrial and marine ecosystems.

In his opening remarks, Kenyan President William Ruto said that plastic pollution remains an existential threat to a just transition as well as human and planetary health, noting that a legally binding treaty could offer some relief.  Chemical recycling

Ruto said ending plastic pollution from the source to the end users will ensure a just and green transition for humanity, promote ecological health and revitalize the growth of the circular economy.

The Kenya meeting follows previous sessions held in Uruguay in 2022, and Paris earlier this year.

The negotiations for a global plastic treaty stem from the adoption of a landmark resolution at the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Assembly held in Nairobi in February 2022.  Chemical recycling

Discussions on the contents of the Zero draft, which was agreed upon at INC-2, will dominate this week’s meeting, aiming to expedite the process of establishing a legally binding global treaty to combat plastic pollution by 2024.

Gustavo Adolfo Meza-Cuadra Velasquez, the INC chairperson, said that the transnational nature of plastic pollution necessitates the creation of an international legally binding instrument to address the challenge. He highlighted the need for legal interventions to support efforts to eliminate plastic pollution that harms wildlife sanctuaries, oceans and freshwater bodies.  Chemical recycling


Global negotiations for plastic treaty commences in Kenya

Sulzer Technology To Enable A Carbon Capture Plant In Austria

Sulzer’s mass transfer technologies are being leveraged by Messer, the world’s largest privately owned industrial gas specialist, in collaboration with a manufacturer of inorganic chemicals to enable innovative carbon capture and utilization (CCU) at a plant in Landeck, Austria.

The CO2 capture unit will rely on Sulzer Chemtech’s carbon capture technology to capture more than 50,000 tons of CO2 per year, which will be re-used in the food & beverage industry and by other companies from nearby regions.  Chemical recycling

Messer and its business partner are collaborating to convert carbon emissions resulting from calcium carbide production into valuable feedstock for food & beverages, greenhouse fertilizers and fire extinguishers. The selected carbon capture technology for flue gas and post-combustion CO2 capture, OASE® blue from BASF, utilizes Sulzer Chemtech’s carbon capture products, which are designed to address the specific needs of carbon capture applications while offering maximum CO2 capture rates in combination with low energy demand.

Sulzer Chemtech Division President Uwe Boltersdorf says: “We appreciate our customers’ needs to remain competitive as they strive to deliver sustainable products and processes – which is why we work to maximize efficiency, performance, and productivity by default. This is how we ensure our range of mass transfer components enable businesses worldwide to adopt more sustainable practices.”  Chemical recycling


Sulzer Technology To Enable A Carbon Capture Plant In Austria

Solid-state batteries – Bio-based Leather Alternative for Auto Interiors Attracts Investment 14-11-2023

Chemical recycling

Solid-state batteries – Bio-based Leather Alternative for Auto Interiors Attracts Investment 14-11-2023

Solid-state batteries

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Race to all-solid-state batteries draws in Japan’s AGC, Idemitsu

Companies work to slash time and cost of making vital material

Japanese materials maker AGC and energy group Idemitsu Kosan have made strides toward mass producing the main ingredient in all-solid-state batteries, which are seen as a next-generation power source for electric vehicles.

All-solid-state batteries contain solid electrolytes instead of the liquid ones found in lithium-ion batteries.

They have been hailed as a safer, fast-charging alternative for powering EVs, but production at significant levels remains years away. Solid-state batteries

Efforts to build a supply chain for them are moving ahead in Japan, which leads in patent applications for all-solid-state battery technology, followed closely by China.

AGC, the world’s leading automotive glass producer, has built a test facility for solid electrolytes inside the company’s Yokohama Technical Center.

Research is underway on combining up to 10 ingredients and melting them at below 1,000 C to produce a dark molten material. When it cools, the liquid solidifies into a yellow sulfide electrolyte.  Solid-state batteries

“Although it’s a late start, the new technology gives us good prospect of coming from behind,” said Naoki Okahata, a senior manager at AGC. The company announced its entry into sulfide electrolytes in September.

Toyota Motor is developing an all-solid-state battery that can be recharged in under 10 minutes and provide 1,200 kilometers per charge, more than double the range of today’s EVs. Toyota aims to roll out cars with all-solid-state batteries in 2027 or 2028.

Research and development into all-solid-state batteries in Japan goes back two or three decades, with Idemitsu among the pioneers. AGC’s program is less than four years old.

But since September, “the reception has been significant, and we’ve received inquiries from manufacturers around the world,” said an AGC representative.

Ions move more easily between electrodes through solid sulfide electrolytes than with liquid ones. Sulfide solid-state batteries are also resistant to temperature changes, allowing for reduced charge times, extended EV ranges and a smaller battery.

But sulfides are chemically unstable.  Solid-state batteries

To work in EVs, they need to overcome hurdles in durability and high production costs. One of the biggest challenges has been ensuring the chemicals are evenly combined, which has been difficult to do with conventional methods.

This is where AGC stepped in, with over 100 years of glassmaking know-how in melting together materials to produce a homogenous solid.

The company developed its own technology for melting together lithium sulfide and other materials to produce electrolytes of high consistency. The process speeds up the chemical reaction and shortens production time to less than a tenth of conventional methods.

“For automotive applications requiring a large amount of electrolyte, this ensures lower production costs,” Okahata said.

The cost to produce all-solid-state batteries can range from four to 25 times that of lithium-ion batteries, according to the Japan Science and Technology Agency.

Electrolytes account for 76% of materials costs. Lowering mass production costs will be key to bringing solid-state EV batteries into the mainstream.  Solid-state batteries

AGC’s process can also incorporate raw materials that are difficult to mix, which opens up a wider variety of compositions. Since lithium is relatively scarce, AGC looks to use material recycled from used batteries.

AGC will build a large pilot electrolyte facility by 2025, with the goal of bringing the product to market between 2027 and 2028. The company has set an annual revenue target of 10 billion yen ($66 million) by 2030 for the business.

Idemitsu, which ranks second in the world in patent applications for solid sulfide electrolytes, entered into a partnership with Toyota in October to mass produce all-solid-state batteries.


Solid-state batteries

Purecycle sends first shipments of recycled resin

Florida-based polypropylene (rPP) recycler Purecycle has sent out its first shipments of recycled resin after a force majeure and months of delay during construction.

Purecycle, which has built its first recycling plant in Ironton, Ohio, says its unique solvent-based recycling technology allows the company to create rPP that has properties closer to virgin material.

Purecycle said they have recycled 409,000 lbs, or 204.5t, of used polypropylene so far at its Ironton plant. The company has sent its first shipments of rPP to Formerra and Milliken, two US-based polymer producers.

Purecycle aims to increase its production to 4.45mn lbs of input capacity per year by 31 December.  Solid-state batteries

“Ironton is the first facility of its kind and as expected, we are working through many challenges in getting the facility to run on a continuous basis,” Chief executive Dustin Olson said. “We have identified a set of reliability and operational improvements that are expected to be addressed during a two-week outage in November, including the installation of an automatic screen changer on the final product extruder, which has impacted continuous run times.”

The company noted that most of its production issues have been as a result of mechanical issues that are part of an “operational learning curve”.


Solid-state batteries

New oil from plastic that pollutes the sea

Sea plastic is a huge environmental problem, but it can also be a valuable resource. Aenea, a research institute, has developed a way to transform more than 90% of the plastic recovered from the sea into new oil, using a chemical process called pyrolysis. Pyrolysis breaks down the plastic by heating it to over 400 degrees without oxygen.

The process also uses another waste material, the ash from coal plants, as a catalyst.

The new oil obtained from pyrolysis is very rich in hydrocarbons, which can be used to make fuels, high quality chemicals, new plastics, paints, solvents and many other products.  Solid-state batteries

The process is cleaner and more efficient than using the original oil.

The American Chemical Society has certified the results of Aenea’s technology and published them in its online journal ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering.

The challenge of reducing plastic pollution Plastic pollution is a global threat to the oceans and marine life.

Every year, the world produces 400 million tons of plastic waste, and at least 10 million tons end up in the oceans, forming huge floating islands of plastic debris.

These islands interfere with navigation and are only the tip of the iceberg of the damage caused by plastic.  Solid-state batteries

Plastic takes more than 600 years to degrade naturally, and in the sea it breaks into smaller pieces, called microplastics, that attract and absorb other pollutants, such as pesticides, fertilizers, industrial waste, detergents and cosmetics.

These microplastics then enter the food chain, affecting fish, mammals, birds and humans. The effects of plastic on health, nutrition, metabolism and hormones are unknown and worrying.

A local and circular solution The current methods of recycling and disposing of sea plastic are mainly based on mechanical processes, which have many limitations and difficulties, especially when the plastic is mixed with other materials.  Solid-state batteries

Catalytic pyrolysis, on the other hand, offers a more effective and sustainable solution, as it can handle large quantities of heterogeneous and unsorted waste.

Moreover, pyrolysis can be done locally, using small plants installed in ports, which could even produce fuel for boats from the plastic collected at sea, suggests Riccardo Tuffi, the Aenea researcher who carried out the research with his colleagues Lorenzo Cafiero and Doina De Angelis.

This would create a circular and zero-kilometer recycling system, turning a problem into an opportunity.

Solid-state batteries

Bio-based Leather Alternative for Auto Interiors Attracts Investment

NFW, a startup based in Peoria, IL, that produces non-petroleum-based leather alternatives for car interiors, has attracted investment from Asahi Kasei. The Japanese company and its US-based affiliate, Sage Automotive Interiors Inc., said it will work with NFW in a strategic partnership enabling another major step to support global automotive OEMs in reducing the environmental burden of automobiles.

NFW was founded in 2015 and has developed a platform capable of producing precision-engineered leather, foam, and textiles without using animal- or petrochemicals-based materials.  Solid-state batteries

The company’s patented leather alternative, called Mirum, is certified by the US Department of Agriculture as having 100% bio-based content, and is made from natural rubber, fibers, plant oils, pigments, and minerals. The material’s durability and quality make it a suitable replacement for traditional animal-based or synthetic leather products without the use of polyurethane or other coatings.

A yen for sustainable growth

Sage Automotive is engaged in the development, manufacture, and sale of innovative functional materials used in automobile interiors globally. Since its acquisition by Asahi Kasei in 2018, Sage has been strengthening its business activities in Europe and China through mergers and acquisitions, parallel to expanding its lineup of growth-potential materials such as suede and synthetic leather.  Solid-state batteries

As one of the leading global suppliers in the car seat fabric market, Sage has a strong presence among automakers and suppliers.

Dirk Pieper, chairman of the Sage board of directors and lead executive for the development and growth of Asahi Kasei’s overall automotive product offering, stated: “The cooperation with NFW will enable Asahi Kasei and Sage to assist global automakers in reducing the environmental burden of their cars. By jointly developing and manufacturing a non-petroleum-based and fully circular leather alternative, the Asahi Kasei Group takes a leading position in revolutionizing the market for car interior materials.”

Asahi Kasei earmarks $100 million for sustainability-minded startups

The cooperation with NFW is the first project within Asahi Kasei’s Care for Earth investment framework announced in April 2023.  Solid-state batteries


Bio-based Leather Alternative for Auto Interiors Attracts Investment

Novozymes launches Quara LowP

As the world seeks sustainable alternatives to traditional fuels, renewable diesel and SAF production have taken center stage. By 2030, vegetable oils are projected to account for over 40 percent of global feedstock used in renewable diesel and SAF production. However, producers have long grappled with challenges related to feedstock availability, pricing fluctuations, and the ever-increasing market demand.

To address these pressing issues, Novozymes has leveraged its extensive experience in enzymatic degumming, which has resulted in Quara LowP, an innovative solution that gives customers flexibility to process mixed feedstocks without negatively impacting their bottom line.  Solid-state batteries

“This innovation is a testament to our commitment to sustainable solutions for the renewable diesel and SAF industry. Quara LowP offers producers the flexibility to process blends of feedstocks resulting in increased efficiency, reduced operating costs, and lowered environmental impact. It is a great contribution to the industry and a reflection of Novozymes’ dedication to rethinking tomorrow,” said Hans Ole Klingenberg, VP of marketing, Agriculture & Industrial Biosolutions at Novozymes.

A sustainable solution for a growing demand

Quara LowP facilitates the efficient processing of HVO (Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil) and HEFA (Hydroprocessed Esters and Fatty Acids) feedstocks. By pretreating these feedstocks with Quara LowP, producers can achieve higher yields and significantly lower operational costs, all while reducing the environmental footprint of their operations.

This innovation holds profound significance for the HVO and SAF industry:
•    Increased efficiency: HVO/HEFA feedstock producers now have a means to process blends of vegetable oils with other lipid feedstocks without compromising yield or incurring additional operating costs.  Solid-state batteries

The current practice of overusing bleaching earth/bleaching clay to address contaminants in vegetable oils when blending with waste oils is a thing of the past. Quara LowP offers a more efficient and cost-effective solution.
•    Economic benefits: With Quara LowP, producers can enjoy increased yields and lower operating costs, overcoming process inefficiencies.
•    Environmental impact: The industry can benefit from a greener operation, with reduced waste handling hazards and lower water consumption, aligning with the global sustainability goals.  Solid-state batteries


Novozymes launches Quara LowP

Republic Services and Blue Polymers to develop plastics recycling complex

The move is part of a JV established between the companies earlier this year.

Republic Services and Blue Polymers have broken ground on a new plastics recycling complex in Indianapolis, US.

The site encompasses a Republic ‘Polymer Center’ and a Blue advanced polymer production facility.  Solid-state batteries

Both facilities are anticipated to be opened by the end of next year.

They are expected to promote the circularity of plastics and provide recycled materials for sustainable packaging and other applications.

The Indianapolis-based site will comprise two buildings with a combined area of approximately 286,000ft² and create roughly 125 permanent jobs for the local community.

Lauth Group has been selected for the development and construction of the project.

Republic recycling and sustainability vice-president Pete Keller said: “Through our Polymer Center network and Blue Polymers partnership, we’re helping customers achieve their ambitious recycled content goals by producing high-quality recycled plastics.

“As a leader in the environmental services industry and one of the nation’s largest recyclers, Republic Services is uniquely positioned to advance plastics circularity and the region’s circular economy while supporting Indianapolis’ vision for a more resilient future.”

Republic is establishing a national network of Polymer Centers alongside Blue Polymers’ production facilities via a joint venture (JV) established earlier this year.


Republic Services and Blue Polymers to develop plastics recycling complex

Polypropylene (PP) prices drift lower in Europe

This week, PP prices slipped in Europe.  Solid-state batteries
An industry source in Europe informed a Polymerupdate team member, “A bearish pricing sentiment prevailed in the European PP market as demand weakened ahead of winter. A moderate rise witnessed in consumer activity over the last two months has ebbed considerably, with a large number of market participants procuring inventories prior to the onset of winter and making purchases on a need-based basis.”
The source added, “Prices further trended lower as sellers were keen on destocking their excess inventories ahead of the winter season typically marked by depressed demand sentiments.”
In the spot markets, PP injection moulding grade prices were assessed at the Euro 1125-1135/mt FD North West Europe mark, a decline of Euro (-30/mt). PP block copolymer grade prices were assessed at the Euro 1175-1185/mt FD Northwest Europe levels, week on week sharply lower by Euro (-40/mt).
In the contract markets, PP injection moulding grade prices were assessed at the Euro 1420-1425/mt FD NWE Germany and FD NWE France levels, both fallen by Euro (-20/mt) from the previous week. PP injection moulding grade prices were assessed at the Euro 1410 1415/mt FD NWE Italy levels, a drop of Euro (-20/mt) from last week. Meanwhile, PP injection moulding grade prices were assessed at the GBP 1235-1240/mt FD NWE UK levels, week on week down by GBP (-15/mt).  Solid-state batteries
In the contract markets, PP block copolymer grade prices were assessed at the Euro 1500-1505/mt FD NWE Germany and FD NWE France levels, both lower by Euro (-20/mt) from last week. PP block copolymer grade prices were assessed at the Euro 1490-1495/mt FD NWE Italy levels, a drop of Euro (-20/mt) from the previous week. Meanwhile, PP block copolymer grade prices were assessed at the GBP 1305-1310/mt FD NWE UK levels, down GBP (-15/mt) from last week.
FCA Antwerp PP homopolymer prices were assessed at the Euro 1110-1140/mt levels, a week on week fall of Euro (-20/mt), while FCA Antwerp PP copolymer prices were assessed at the Euro 1160-1190/mt levels, a sharp week on week drop of Euro (-40/mt).
Upstream propylene spot prices on Thursday were assessed at the Euro 875-885/mt FD Northwest Europe levels, week on week rise of Euro (+15/mt).  Solid-state batteries


Polypropylene (PP) prices drift lower in Europe

Packaging waste – New project called GRAPHERGIA to revolutionize energy harvesting in textiles and battery technology 13-11-2023

Solid-state batteries

Petrochemicals PSF – General Motors plans to eliminate rare earths from electric cars 13-11-2023

Petrochemicals PSF

Petrochemicals PSF

  • Polymers : PET – r-PET – Filament grade semidull chips -Filament grade bright chips – Ny6 – Ny66 – PP
  • Feedstocks  PX – PTA – MEG – CPL – Adipic Acid – Benzene – ACN – Ethylene – Phenol – Naphtha
  • Textile : Polyester POY – DTY – FDY – PSF – Recycled Polyester POY – Nylon POY – DTY – FDY Spandex 20-30-40 -Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  Acrylic Staple Fiber 

Petrochemicals PSF

Petrochemicals PSF

ITEM 06/11/2023 13/11/2023 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 6,900 yuan/ton 6,900 yuan/ton
Bottle grade PET chips export market 880 $/ton 880 $/ton
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 6,780 yuan/ton 6,710 yuan/ton -70
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 6,830 yuan/ton 6,750 yuan/ton -80
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market 5,890 yuan/ton 5,825 yuan/ton -65
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 740 $/ton 740 $/ton
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 4,080 yuan/ton 4,100 yuan/ton +20
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 470 $/ton 478 $/ton +8
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market

Petrochemicals PSF

1,031 $/ton 998 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 1,008 $/ton 975 $/ton -33
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,150 $/ton 1,080 $/ton -70
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 7,280  yuan/ton 7,325 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,550 yuan/ton 7,350 yuan/ton -200
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 8,650 yuan/ton 8,700 yuan/ton +50
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F

Petrochemicals PSF

8,700 yuan/ton 8,700 yuan/ton
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 7,950 yuan/ton 7,950 yuan/ton
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,450 yuan/ton 7,400 yuan/ton -50
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 12,825 yuan/ton 12,800 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,600 $/ton 1,600 $/ton
Nylon 6 chips overseas  market 1,830 $/ton 1,830 $/ton
Nylon 6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 13,800 yuan/ton 13,850 yuan/ton +50
Nylon 6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market

Petrochemicals PSF

14,050 yuan/ton 14,050 yuan/ton
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market 20,000 yuan/ton 20,000 yuan/ton
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 16,150 yuan/ton 16,150 yuan/ton
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 18,300 yuan/ton 18,300 yuan/ton-
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  17,200 yuan/ton 17,000 yuan/ton -200
Spandex 20D  domestic  market

Petrochemicals PSF

36,500 yuan/ton 36,200 yuan/ton -300
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 35,000 yuan/ton 34,700 yuan/ton -300
Spandex 40D  domestic  market  32,000 yuan/ton 31,700 yuan/ton -300
Adipic Acid domestic market 9,150 yuan/ton 8,900 yuan/ton -250
Benzene domestic market

Petrochemicals PSF

7,940 yuan/ton 7,730 yuan/ton -210
Benzene overseas  market 905 $/ton 869 $/ton -36
Ethylene South East market 945 $/ton 940 $/ton -5
Ethylene NWE market 717 $/ton 836 $/ton +119
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market

Petrochemicals PSF

9,700 yuan/ton 10,200 yuan/ton +500
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market 1,200 $/ton 1,200 $/ton
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 14,600 yuan/ton 14,600 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 13,200 yuan/ton 13,150 yuan/ton -50
PP Powder domestic market

Petrochemicals PSF

7,350 yuan/ton 7,250 yuan/ton -100
Naphtha overseas market  658 $/ton 630 $/ton -28
Phenol domestic market 7,812 yuan/ton 7,857 yuan/ton +45

r-PET high end eco-friendly chips =7,900 yuan/ton 7,900 yuan/ton   –


Petrochemicals PSF

General Motors plans to eliminate rare earths from electric cars

The US company invests in Niron Magnetics, a startup that produces permanent magnets without critical minerals General Motors, the American carmaker that is preparing to launch only electric vehicles in Europe, is looking for ways to make its zero-emission future more affordable.

One of its partners is Niron Magnetics, a US startup that makes permanent magnets.

The startup, based in Minneapolis, claims to have developed the “first and only permanent magnet in the world with automotive-level power” that does not use rare earths: a technology that will be used in the rotors of GM’s electric motors.

This will help reduce the costs of battery-powered vehicles.

A cheaper and more available alternative General Motors says that electric vehicle powertrains are a “key element of the Ultium platform”, and that permanent magnets offer a “great opportunity to lower costs and environmental impact compared to traditional magnetic materials”.

However, the magnets that are currently used in EV motor rotors are “usually made of rare earth minerals such as terbium, dysprosium, praseodymium and neodymium: expensive elements that are mostly processed overseas”.

The Ultium platform that General Motors used for the Hummer EV Niron Magnetics, on the other hand, has a technology that is “completely free of critical materials, including rare or heavy rare earth minerals”.

It is called “Clean Earth Magnet ®” and it is based on iron nitride, “a cheap and abundant material, with great potential for commercial use in future electric vehicles”.

GM and the startup have agreed to work together to further develop the Clean Earth Magnet and apply it to the company’s upcoming electric cars.

“GM Ventures has also invested in Niron,” the carmaker adds.

“Everyone in an electric vehicle” “We think that Niron’s unique technology can play a key role in reducing rare earth minerals from electric vehicle engines and help us expand our supply chain in North America,” says Anirvan Coomer, president of GM Ventures.

Jonathan Rowntree, CEO of Niron Magnetics, agrees.

“We believe our Clean Earth magnets can help GM achieve its goal of putting everyone in an electric vehicle.”

General Motors plans to eliminate rare earths from electric cars

Packaging waste – New project called GRAPHERGIA to revolutionize energy harvesting in textiles and battery technology 13-11-2023

Packaging waste

Petrochemicals PSF – General Motors plans to eliminate rare earths from electric cars


Packaging waste

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Axium Packaging acquires Italian company Silte srl

Axium Packaging, specialising in the production of jars, bottles and closures in PET, recycled PET & PP, PCR PP for personal care and food markets, has signed the acquisition of the Italian company Silte srl.

Silte srl, family-owned SME based in Budrio next to Bologna in Italy, is specialising in the production of bottles and jars by extrusion blow and by blow moulding in 2 steps for the Italian markets of personal care, cosmetics and detergents. Founded in 1970, the company Silte generates a turnover of €7.5 million and employs 25 people at its Italian production site. Packaging waste

The integration of the Italian company within the group is intended to enable Axium Packaging to strengthen its presence in Italy and is expanding the ranges of customised and standard packaging from the group while remaining in line with the strategic development objective. This includes offering eco-designed packaging including a customised container and a closure solution, says Axium. The acquisition is claimed to strengthen the position of the group, which is established throughout Europe and currently has five production sites employing 385 people, with consolidated turnover of almost €80 million after this acquisition.

Complementing its range of plastic packaging, Silte is expected to leverage synergies within the group’s other companies to enhance its products and services offerings in the Italian market, with a particular focus on the food industry. Packaging waste


Packaging waste

Lummus and Citroniq Announce Licensing and Engineering Agreements for Green Polypropylene Plants

Agreements highlight Lummus and Citroniq’s progress in meeting surging demand for sustainable polypropylene  

 Lummus Technology, a global provider of process technologies and value-driven energy solutions, and Citroniq Chemicals announced that the two companies have signed licensing and engineering agreements for green polypropylene plants in the U.S. The first plant, scheduled for completion in 2027, will produce 400kta of bio-polypropylene and will be first in North America with this production capability.  Packaging waste

“This agreement demonstrates the progress we continue to make with Citroniq in establishing the first world-scale sustainable bio-polypropylene production process in North America,” said Romain Lemoine, Chief Business Officer of Polymers and Petrochemicals, Lummus Technology. “Combining Lummus’ leadership in polypropylene licensing with Citroniq’s carbon negative production capabilities will help us meet the growing demand for bio-polypropylene and accelerate the decarbonization of the downstream energy industry.”

“Citroniq’s four-plant bio-polypropylene licensing agreement with Lummus Technology is a testament of our commitment to bring sustainable plastics at world-class scale to the marketplace,” said Mel Badheka, President & Co-Founder of Citroniq Chemicals.

In April 2023, Lummus and Citroniq formed a partnership to develop four green polypropylene plants in North America using Lummus’ Verdene polypropylene technology suite. The licensing and engineering agreements announced today are for the first of the four plants.  Packaging waste

The Verdene suite includes four Lummus technologies: ethanol to ethylene technology, dimer technology, olefins conversion technology and polypropylene technology. Lummus is the only technology provider able to supply all the proven, low energy technologies to produce renewable green polypropylene from biogenic ethanol.ù


Packaging waste

New project called GRAPHERGIA to revolutionize energy harvesting in textiles and battery technology

A consortium of 11 partners from six European countries has launched the GRAPHERGIA project, an ambitious 3.5-year Research and Innovation program, funded by €4.5 million under the Horizon Europe’s Graphene Flagship initiative. \

Aimed at redefining the integration of energy solutions into everyday life, GRAPHERGIA aims to transform how we use and store energy. Its main goal is to develop and deploy cutting-edge graphene-based materials into energy harvesting and storage devices. These advances would enable scalable and cost-efficient production of two-dimensional (2D) material technologies for a wide array of applications.  Packaging waste

The project kicked off on 2-3 November 2023 with a commitment to pioneering the domain of smart textiles. “We envision a world where your clothing does more than just look good—it powers your devices, acts as a sensor and connects you seamlessly to the Internet of Things (IoT),” says Prof. Spyros Yannopoulos, the project coordinator for GRAPHERGIA. “Imagine e-textiles that not only adapt to your body but also charge themselves. This is the future we are creating.”

The second key area of exploration for the GRAPHERGIA project is the development of next-generation electrodes for Li-ion batteries. By leveraging the consortium partners’ proprietary technologies, GRAPHERGIA aims to capitalize on the unique properties of 2D materials to enhance battery life and performance, all while maintaining an environmentally friendly footprint.  Packaging waste

“As we move from current technology readiness levels to higher grounds, GRAPHERGIA stands at the forefront of materials engineering. Our collaborative effort aims to bring pilot-scale innovations to the marketplace, setting new benchmarks for the energy sector,” adds Prof. Yannopoulos.


New project called GRAPHERGIA to revolutionize energy harvesting in textiles and battery technology

Sidel Launches Ultra-Small, Ultra-Light PET Bottle for Liquid Dairy Drinks

Sidel’s drinkable yogurt bottles from 65 to 150 ml save material and energy in production, and they’re qualified for 100% rPET.

The latest lightweight PET bottle and preform design from Sidel is aimed at drinkable and probiotic yogurts in sizes from 65 to 150 ml and is suitable for ambient and cold-chain processes. The new small bottle could also be used for juice, nectar, soft drinks, isotonics and tea.  Packaging waste

The global yogurt and probiotic market is predicted to grow at 9.3% from 2023 to 2030, aided by PET’s food-grade bottle-to-bottle recyclability and cost savings that Sidel pegs at up to 20% when switching from HDPE.

Sidel claims best-in-class bottle weights of 3.9 g for a 100-ml extended shelf-life bottle and 5.4 g for a 100-ml aseptic bottle, achieved through a dedicated preform design. The new bottles are qualified for 100% rPET and also enable energy-saving low blowing pressure below 15 bar. The new preform design reportedly ensures a wide process window, even with reduced heating zones.

In addition, the new bottles are compatible with Sidel’s Aseptic Combi Predis FMa aseptic system with dry preform decontamination.  Packaging waste


Sidel Launches Ultra-Small, Ultra-Light PET Bottle for Liquid Dairy Drinks

PLASTICS Report Shows Strong Global Demand for Plastics

The Plastics Industry Association report shows that the U.S. plastics industry’s trade volume for 2022 grew 9.7%.

The Plastics Industry Association (PLASTICS) released its annual Global Trends report during a press briefing and keynote address at the Plastimagen trade show in Mexico City. Presented by PLASTICS’ Chief Economist Perc Pineda, the report found that while global trade volume expanded by 2.7% in 2022, according to the World Trade Organization (WTO), trade volume for the U.S. plastics industry over the same time period grew at more than three times that rate, coming in at 9.7%.  Packaging waste

For 2023, WTO is forecasting a 0.8% increase in world merchandise trade volume, but data from the first half of the year indicates a decline in plastics trade volume compared to the first half of 2022. During this time, however, the U.S. trade balance shifted from a $5.2 billion deficit to a $1.0 billion surplus. Pineda concluded that “it would not be surprising” if the U.S. plastics industry’s trade volume in 2023 once again outpaced the growth in total global merchandise volume.  Packaging waste

China’s slowdown could hinder that growth, given that the country ranks as the third-largest export market for U.S. plastics, Pineda noted. Overall, the U.S. has a trade deficit with China in all plastics; however, it enjoys a $3.1 billion trade surplus in resin.

U.S. plastics industry exports rose 11.8% and imports rose 7.2%, shrinking the overall plastics trade deficit to $7.4 billion in 2022 from $10.0 billion in 2021.

The Global Trends report found that 2022 apparent consumption of plastics industry goods in the U.S. increased 13.7% to $393.3 billion, up from $345.9 billion in 2021.

Global plastics trade volume is estimated to have reached $1.7 trillion, with China, the U.S. and Germany ranking as the top three players in the global plastics trade, based on PLASTICS’ annual Global Plastics Ranking. Packaging waste

PLASTICS Report Shows Strong Global Demand for Plastics

The Italian economy could face a serious threat from the new European rules on packaging and packaging waste, which are about to be voted on in the European Parliament

This is the warning issued by the main associations representing the industry, agri-food and distribution sectors in Italy, who have also contacted Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni to express their concerns.

The new Regulation, which is being drafted in Brussels, would affect more than 30% of Italy’s GDP, with negative effects on the whole economic system, employment and consumer protection.

It would also undermine Italy’s leadership in recycling and ignore more sustainable alternatives such as fully biodegradable bioplastics.  Packaging waste

This is the content of a joint letter signed by Confindustria, Confcooperative, Confcommercio, Confartigianato, Federdistribuzione, and sent to the Prime Minister in the last few days; a position that was also reiterated during a meeting held yesterday in the European Parliament with the Permanent Representation of the Italian Government to the European Union.

The appeal is also supported by Assobioplastiche, which represents the Italian supply chain of compostable plastics.

The damage – the letter states – would not only affect the packaging sector, but also crucial sectors for Italy such as the entire agri-food chain, from production to processing and distribution, putting at risk tens of thousands of businesses and hundreds of thousands of jobs.  Packaging waste

According to the signatories, the proposal would also have an impact on a sector such as that of compostable and fully biodegradable bioplastics, by introducing a series of restrictions on their use, limiting innovation in packaging and preventing the recovery of the huge investments made in innovation and biorefineries.

“The concrete risk – says Rosario Rago, member of the Confagricoltura Council – is that of damaging entire strategic sectors of Made in Italy, with incalculable consequences on the security of supplies and on the national distribution chains, which are also highly integrated at European level”.  Packaging waste

“The most affected ones – he adds – would be the companies in the food supply chain, the core of the national economy and the driving force for exports, since food packaging in general, including disposable packaging, among the most directly affected, is essential for the protection and preservation of food, information on product traceability and hygiene.

Not to mention the risk of the possible loss of hundreds of thousands of jobs.”

The Packaging Regulation was recently amended by the Environment Committee of the European Parliament and will be voted on in this form during the plenary session scheduled for 20 to 23 November, although with the possibility of amendments.

The text resulting from the vote will then be discussed in the Trilogue between the Commission, Council and EU Parliament.  Packaging waste

The Italian economy could face a serious threat from the new European rules on packaging and packaging waste, which are about to be voted on in the European Parliament

Hydrogen Cars – Recover™ And Valdese Weavers Partner For Circularity In The Home Textiles Industry 11-11-2023

Packaging waste

Hydrogen Cars – Recover™ And Valdese Weavers Partner For Circularity In The Home Textiles Industry 11-11-2023

Hydrogen Cars

Do Hydrogen Cars Waste Water?

In recent years, hydrogen-powered cars have gained attention as a potential solution to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and combat climate change. These vehicles use hydrogen fuel cells to generate electricity, emitting only water vapor as a byproduct. However, a common question arises: do hydrogen cars waste water? Let’s explore this topic and shed light on the matter.

Hydrogen Cars and Water Consumption

Contrary to popular belief, hydrogen cars do not waste water. The water vapor emitted from the tailpipe of a hydrogen car is a byproduct of the chemical reaction that occurs within the fuel cell. This reaction combines hydrogen fuel with oxygen from the air, resulting in the production of electricity and water vapor. Therefore, the water vapor released is simply a natural consequence of the car’s operation and does not contribute to water waste.  Hydrogen Cars

Water Recycling in Hydrogen Cars

It is important to note that hydrogen cars have a water recycling system in place. This system collects and recycles the water vapor produced during the vehicle’s operation. The collected water is then reused within the fuel cell, ensuring a closed-loop system that minimizes water consumption. This recycling process further emphasizes the efficiency and sustainability of hydrogen cars.

FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Can the water emitted by hydrogen cars be used for other purposes?
A: The water vapor emitted by hydrogen cars is generally in small quantities and not suitable for use in other applications. It is primarily released into the atmosphere as harmless water vapor.  Hydrogen Cars

Q: How does the water recycling system in hydrogen cars work?
A: The water recycling system in hydrogen cars collects the water vapor emitted during operation, purifies it, and reintroduces it into the fuel cell. This closed-loop system ensures minimal water consumption.

Q: Are hydrogen cars more water-efficient than traditional combustion engine cars?
A: Yes, hydrogen cars are more water-efficient than traditional combustion engine cars. While traditional cars emit pollutants and do not generate water as a byproduct, hydrogen cars produce only water vapor, making them environmentally friendly.

In conclusion, hydrogen cars do not waste water.  Hydrogen Cars


Hydrogen Cars

Recover™ And Valdese Weavers Partner For Circularity In The Home Textiles Industry

November 9, 2023Valdese Weavers, a producer of decorative textiles in the United States for residential and contract markets, has partnered with global recycled cotton fiber producer, Recover™, to transform the home textile industry. The two innovative textile leaders, both at different stages of the supply chain, intend to capitalize on their combined expertise to drive the use of sustainable materials in the industry.

Valdese Weavers has more than 100 years of textile experience and works with a full range of furniture manufacturers, distributors, and retailers to deliver unparalleled design through their vertical manufacturing facilities. The company understands the importance of choosing responsible raw materials, and already offers a collection of environmentally conscious products. By partnering with Recover™, they can offer the highest quality decorative fabrics made with RCS/GRS verified Recover™ recycled fiber and help brands and retailers to reduce their environmental impact caused by virgin raw material production.  Hydrogen Cars

Blake Millinor, President and CEO of Valdese Weavers, commented: “We are proud to partner with Recover™ as a natural fiber platform for our customers searching for sustainable fabrics. Recover™ compliments our sustainable product offering by helping create a more circular material solution. We are excited to be working with the Recover™ team to tell this unique story and develop more responsible textile solutions for our customers”.

Recover™ has perfected the art and science of scaled production of recycled cotton fiber over more than 75 years, and today, the company is supported by leading institutional investors including STORY3 Capital, Goldman Sachs, Fortress Investment Group and Eldridge Industries.  Hydrogen Cars

Its recycled cotton fiber is fundamentally transforming the textile industry, making significant environmental savings compared to virgin and organic cotton, and it is one of the most sought-after fibers in the recycled materials space. The integration of Recover™ fiber into Valdese Weaver’s product lines, enables the textile mill to remain frontrunners in delivering sustainable and innovative fabrics, and accelerate the production of low-impact products such as sofas, cushions, and curtains.


Hydrogen Cars

Amcor to source mechanically recycled polyethylene from NOVA Chemicals

The multiyear collaboration will focus on the incorporation of mechanically recycled polyethylene resin in flexible packaging films.

Amcor has unveiled a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with sustainable polyethene producer Nova Chemicals Corporati  Hydrogen Cars

This multiyear collaboration focuses on Amcor’s commitment to circular content, emphasising the incorporation of mechanically recycled polyethene resin (rPE) in flexible packaging films.

Fuelling circular content with SYNDIGO rPE resin

The heart of this collaboration lies in the supply agreement that positions Amcor to procure SYNDIGO rPE resin.  Hydrogen Cars

This resin, scheduled to be produced at NOVA Chemicals’ mechanical recycling facility in Connersville, Indiana, is anticipated to commence operations as early as 2025.

Amcor flexibles North America president Fred Stephan expressed enthusiasm, stating: “This is an exciting opportunity for us to supplement our rPE supply as we strive to achieve a 30% recycled material usage across our global portfolio by 2030.”

Driving sustainable practices

Amcor’s strategic move aligns with its global vision to foster sustainability and packaging circularity.  Hydrogen Cars

By integrating rPE into flexible packaging films, the company aims to assist brand owners in meeting recycled content targets, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and actively contributing to the preservation of the environment.

NOVA circular solutions vice-president Greg DeKunder shared the sentiment, stating: “Reshaping plastics for a better future will take collaboration within our industry, and we share Amcor’s commitment to further global packaging circularity.”

NOVA Chemicals’ expansion to propel circular solutions

In parallel, NOVA Chemicals unveiled plans to expand its recycling footprint across North America in the coming years.  Hydrogen Cars


Hydrogen Cars

Honda, Mitsubishi Chemical Develop Colored Acrylic Resin for Car Bodies

Article-Honda, Mitsubishi Chemical Develop Colored Acrylic Resin for Car Bodies

Mitsubishi Chemical and Honda Motor are jointly developing a PMMA (polymethyl methacrylate acrylic) acrylic compound for automotive body components such as doors and front fenders. Two concept models — the Sustaina-C and Pocket concept cars — using these materials are exhibited at the Honda booth in the Japan Mobility Show 2023 which concludes on Nov. 5, 2023, in Tokyo.  Hydrogen Cars

Painted steel is the most commonly used material for automobile bodies, but Mitsubishi Chemical and Honda aim to transform the status quo by developing a new acrylic resin material that can be adopted for doors, hoods, fenders, and other automotive body parts. The compound is composed of acrylic resin and rubber particles to improve the impact resistance required for automobile bodies.

Acrylic resins are highly transparent and can be toned to a variety of colors, enabling manufacturers to create glossy surfaces simply by adding colorants. It also helps reduce CO2 emissions generated in the painting process.  Hydrogen Cars

Furthermore, acrylic resin is suitable for recycling because it can be decomposed into acrylic raw materials at high yields by heating. With a view to starting operation of a recycling plant in fiscal 2025, Mitsubishi Chemical aims to commercialize an acrylic resin molecular recycling business. Closed-loop recycling trials conducted in collaboration with Honda and Microwave Chemical Co. Ltd. have yielded recycled products comparable in quality to conventional products. Mitsubishi Chemical expects to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through this technology over the entire product life cycle by about 50% compared with current practices.  Hydrogen Cars


Honda, Mitsubishi Chemical Develop Colored Acrylic Resin for Car Bodies

The tech to recycle clothes is only just being invented

The vast waste and pollution caused by the fashion industry has made recycling clothes a top priority, but only now are simple tasks like pulling the sole off a shoe being done by machines.

CETIA, a company in the southwest of France is finally offering some mechanical solutions to the challenges of recycling clothes.

Its research team has invented a machine that uses artificial intelligence to scan garments, identify hard elements like zippers and buttons, and use a laser to cut them out.  Hydrogen Cars

It has also built a machine that grabs shoes in a large mechanical arm and yanks off the soles.

In a world of space travel and vaccines, that may seem a relatively rudimentary piece of technology, but it had simply never been done before.

“It was a chicken and egg question. No one was recycling soles because we couldn’t separate them from the shoe, and no one was separating them because there was no recycling,” said Chloe Salmon Legagneur, director of CETIA.

Previously, recyclers had to bake the shoes for many hours to melt the glue and then pull the sole off by hand.  Hydrogen Cars

“There’s nothing spectacular in what we’ve done,” Legagneur said. “But we’ve done it.”

For now, barely one percent of textiles in Europe are turned back into new clothes. Most end up as housing insulation, padding or asphalt for paving roads.

That is because clothes are usually a complex mix of materials that must be separated carefully to keep the fibers in good condition if there is any hope of respinning them into new garments.

Usually done by hand, CETIA says its AI-laser machine can do this at a much faster rate that is rapidly evolving as it perfects the technology.

It also has machines that can sort clothes by color and composition at a rate of one per second.

The reason these inventions are finally emerging is that tough new European rules are imminent that will force clothing companies to use a set amount of recycled fibers in their garments.  Hydrogen Cars

CETIA’s work is backed by big retailers like Decathlon and Zalando who are urgently looking for industrial-scale solutions.

There are also political incentives. The French government sees the potential for new manufacturing jobs if recycling technology allows it to deal with some of the 200,000 tonnes of textile waste currently being shipped abroad each year.

CETIA’s focus is on preparing textiles for reuse. Other companies must now start melting down the separated soles and turning them into new ones.

But it is an important first step.  Hydrogen Cars


The tech to recycle clothes is only just being invented

Is Piovan Using Too Much Debt?

The external fund manager backed by Berkshire Hathaway’s Charlie Munger, Li Lu, makes no bones about it when he says ‘The biggest investment risk is not the volatility of prices, but whether you will suffer a permanent loss of capital.’ So it might be obvious that you need to consider debt, when you think about how risky any given stock is, because too much debt can sink a company. We can see that Piovan S.p.A.  does use debt in its business. But should shareholders be worried about its use of debt?

What Risk Does Debt Bring?

Debt is a tool to help businesses grow, but if a business is incapable of paying off its lenders, then it exists at their mercy.  Hydrogen Cars

Ultimately, if the company can’t fulfill its legal obligations to repay debt, shareholders could walk away with nothing. While that is not too common, we often do see indebted companies permanently diluting shareholders because lenders force them to raise capital at a distressed price. Having said that, the most common situation is where a company manages its debt reasonably well – and to its own advantage. The first step when considering a company’s debt levels is to consider its cash and debt together.

How Much Debt Does Piovan Carry?

As you can see below, Piovan had €174.0m of debt, at June 2023, which is about the same as the year before. You can click the chart for greater detail. However, because it has a cash reserve of €73.8m, its net debt is less, at about €100.3m.  Hydrogen Cars

A Look At Piovan’s Liabilities

According to the last reported balance sheet, Piovan had liabilities of €207.6m due within 12 months, and liabilities of €140.0m due beyond 12 months. Offsetting this, it had €73.8m in cash and €106.4m in receivables that were due within 12 months. So its liabilities total €167.4m more than the combination of its cash and short-term receivables.

While this might seem like a lot, it is not so bad since Piovan has a market capitalization of €469.5m, and so it could probably strengthen its balance sheet by raising capital if it needed to. But it’s clear that we should definitely closely examine whether it can manage its debt without dilution.  Hydrogen Cars

In order to size up a company’s debt relative to its earnings, we calculate its net debt divided by its earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA) and its earnings before interest and tax (EBIT) divided by its interest expense (its interest cover). Thus we consider debt relative to earnings both with and without depreciation and amortization expenses.

Piovan has a low net debt to EBITDA ratio of only 1.5. And its EBIT covers its interest expense a whopping 30.6 times over. So you could argue it is no more threatened by its debt than an elephant is by a mouse. On top of that, Piovan grew its EBIT by 69% over the last twelve months, and that growth will make it easier to handle its debt. There’s no doubt that we learn most about debt from the balance sheet. But it is Piovan’s earnings that will influence how the balance sheet holds up in the future. So when considering debt, it’s definitely worth looking at the earnings trend.  Hydrogen Cars

Finally, while the tax-man may adore accounting profits, lenders only accept cold hard cash. So we clearly need to look at whether that EBIT is leading to corresponding free cash flow. Over the most recent three years, Piovan recorded free cash flow worth 76% of its EBIT, which is around normal, given free cash flow excludes interest and tax. This cold hard cash means it can reduce its debt when it wants to.


Is Piovan Using Too Much Debt?

Chlorophyll Water launches 100% rPET bottles with Clean Flake technology

Chlorophyll Water has transitioned to bottles made from 100% rPET with Clean Flake technology. These rPET bottles are manufactured from food-grade PET which is recycled as per the technologies approved by the US FDA and European Food Safety Authority (Efsa) for food-grade recycled material and repurposed into new PET bottles.

“As a brand, Chlorophyll Water is committed to sustainability and implementation of new ideas and technology which can improve the impact that packaging has on our environment,” explains founder Matt Levine, “in utilising bottles made from 100% recycled plastic, our intention is to make a meaningful environmental impact – addressing the plastic waste challenge, minimising our use of virgin, fossil-fuel based packaging.”

To accompany their bottle made from 100% recycled plastic, Chlorophyll Water selected Avery Dennison’s Clean Flake label technology as their label to help improve the yield of high-quality, food grade PET in the recycling process.  Hydrogen Cars

The technology is built on a water-based adhesive technology that is claimed to separate cleanly from PET during the caustic wash stage of the recycling process.

Chlorophyll Water is a plant-powered purified water enhanced by nature with the addition of Chlorophyll, a key ingredient and the distinct green pigment in plant life. It is carbon-filtered using triple filtration and is UV-treated for a high level of purity.


Chlorophyll Water launches 100% rPET bottles with Clean Flake technology

Circular Textiles – One million tonnes of plastic additives pollute the world’s oceans each year 10-11-2023

Hydrogen Cars

Circular Textiles – One million tonnes of plastic additives pollute the world’s oceans each year 10-11-2023

Circular Textiles

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Automation – Sorting the Circular Textiles Gap

Advanced technologies for the classification and pre-processing of waste garments are now an urgent requirement, as the textile industry looks to close the loop. All the indications are that by 2030, recycling will have become a much bigger part of the global picture, and automation has a major role to play, especially in sorting and pre-processing.

Automated processes are already highly developed all along the global textile and garment manufacturing chain. Circular Textiles

The supply chain is, however, still strictly linear, while being highly complex – spanning from fibres to finished garments and still involving tremendous waste and many unnecessary transportation steps globally on the route from the first chemical processing plants or cotton fields to the shelves of High Street stores.

In addition to continuing to address these issues, the supply chain will now very quickly have to become more circular, as legislation closes in and changes things dramatically.

New Restrictions

There is an immediate need for advanced new technologies that can close the loop for the collection, sorting and pre-processing of waste garments, in order for recycling to be further developed, especially in the European Union (EU), which will be first in imposing new restrictions. Circular Textiles

As previously reported by Fibre2Fashion, over seven million tons of waste textiles is being mandated to be separately collected each year within the EU from 2025. It will be paid for by the brands who put product into the market via the new Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) scheme, and this waste is no longer eligible to be landfilled, incinerated or moved on to other countries. As such, it will create a 32 million-ton mountain of new waste by 2030 without immediate action.

Worn Again Technologies

The huge challenge this poses was emphasised by a number of speakers at the 62nd Dornbirn Global Manmade Fibers (GFC) conference held in Austria from September 13-15, including Toby Moss, director of business development for Worn Again Technologies. Circular Textiles

Worn Again Technologies has raised funding of some €42.9 million to support the construction of its new textile chemical recycling demonstration plant in Winterthur, Switzerland, and counts Sulzer, Oerlikon and fashion retailer H&M among its key strategic investors.

The demonstration plant will be opened in 2025 and will recycle fibres from hard-to-recycle fabric blends using a solvent-based process, with an annual capacity of 1,000 tons. (Just for context, annual global fibre consumption is currently 120 million tons.)

Licensing model

Worn Again, however, is a technology licensing company and does not plan to build its own facilities, but is working with technology partners who will quickly build much larger-scale commercial plants. Circular Textiles

The first of these is expected to come onstream in Europe and have annual capacities of approximately 50,000 tons per annum by as early as 2027-28, when feedstock streams from waste textiles have sufficiently built up.

“At the moment, most current recyclers are focused on post-industrial waste, but demand will soon outstrip supply, which will lead to a rush into post-consumer textile waste,” Moss said. “At the same time, recycling capacity is not yet growing as fast as demand, while bottle companies are getting a lot better at bottle collection so a lot of rPET from bottles currently used in textile production will not be available. As a result, recycled content in textiles is likely to go down rather than up for a period and this indicates some healthy price premiums for the first companies producing recycled PET polyester fibres with the same performance as virgin fibres.”  Circular Textiles

As with many other current recycling technologies being developed and planning industrial upscaling in the near future, success is in part hinged on the collection and sorting of waste clothing becoming much more sophisticated – and quickly.


Circular Textiles

UK-based Colorifix aims to bring environmentally friendly fabric-dyeing solution to China and Southeast Asia in 2025

  • Biotech start-up will focus on markets in India and Sri Lanka next year, before making its move to China and Southeast Asia
  • Production life-cycle using its solution can help reduce carbon emission by 31 per cent, water consumption by 77 per cent and chemical usage by 80 per cent

Colorifix, a finalist for Prince William’s Earthshot prize, aims to bring its environmentally friendly fabric-dyeing solution to markets in China and Southeast Asia in 2025 to help tackle pollution in the garment manufacturing industry.  Circular Textiles

The biotech start-up uses DNA sequences from nature and microorganisms to create pigments that can be fixed onto fabrics in a way that significantly reduces water and chemical usage, as well as the carbon footprint in the dyeing process.

The UK firm will make its foray into the Asian markets from the first half of next year, starting with India, the world’s fifth-largest producer of textiles, and Sri Lanka, according to its chief operating officer Christopher Hunter. The firm is still in “very early stages” of establishing its presence in China, he added.

“China is a very important market for textiles,” Hunter said in a video interview on Tuesday. Circular Textiles

“We are aware that there are increasing environmental targets for the industry in China, which might in some way accelerate our entry. It won’t be before 2025.”

China announced in April last year that it aimed to recycle 25 per cent of its textile waste and churn out 2 million tonnes of recycled fibre by 2025, part of its big push to achieve peak carbon emissions by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2060. That included promoting green and low-carbon production in the textile industry.


Circular Textiles

The battery is the key factor for electric cars’ convenience and affordability. The battery is also the main source of anxiety and doubt for many drivers

It is obvious that the high price of electric cars is related to the battery.

Let’s see why. Electric cars: the battery determines the economic difference Electric cars are gradually winning over drivers, especially in Italy, that the energy transition is possible on a large scale.  Circular Textiles

However, the electric transition imposed by the European Union in a short time is not very encouraging for the switch from thermal engines to electric ones.

What makes electric cars less attractive is the high cost of eco-friendly vehicles, which are on average between 10,000 and 15,000 euros more expensive than a combustion car in the same segment and, as expected, not everyone can afford them.

How can the costs be lowered and what are they mainly due to? The answer is simple: to the batteries.  Circular Textiles

Andy Palmer, former operations director of Nissan and responsible for the first Leaf, confirmed this and also predicted a drop in prices in the next few years.

Cheap electric cars: we need smaller batteries and a change of mentality Andy Palmer, former operations director of Nissan, provided the solution to lower the costs of electric cars.

He said: “The solution for an affordable electric vehicle is not to wait for the technology to mature, it’s not necessarily playing with the chemistry: it’s simply using a smaller battery. But to have a smaller battery you need charging infrastructure, that’s the key.

A decent charging network including home chargers probably has around 15 million charging points and we are a long way from that at the moment.

Unless an effective infrastructure is achieved quickly, people will not naturally transition to electric vehicles.  Circular Textiles

People will continue to mention range anxiety and you won’t change that mindset. With a ubiquitous network, people won’t worry so much about battery life, they’ll know they can always plug into a charger and that’s when a smaller battery can be accepted.

That’s when you get the transformation.” However, not only a technical change is needed, but also a mental one by the consumers, as David Greenwood, expert in advanced propulsion systems at the Warwick Manufacturing Group, explained: “The key is not to buy an EV with more battery capacity than you need, if you spend a fortune on a car capable of 500 miles and then only drive 10 miles a day, you’re paying for the battery and all the systems, but not you will save on fuel to cover them.  Circular Textiles

A manufacturer could make three different module models and assemble them into eight different models to achieve economies of scale at the module level.

Something that would allow us to obtain economies of scale and introduce much larger cells.

While in the early days batteries like Tesla’s contained thousands of small cells, the future will see batteries containing hundreds of much larger cells.”

Circular Textiles

Korean petrochemical firms ramp up carbon fiber production

The South Korean petrochemical industry is ramping up the production of carbon fiber, a part of its focus on high value-added businesses to develop mid- to long-term growth engines amid a prolonged slump in the market.  Circular Textiles
According to multiple industry sources on Tuesday, Hyosung Advanced Materials Corp. plans to expand its carbon fiber production capacity, which currently stands at 9,000 tons per year, to 16,500 in 2024, 21,500 tons in 2025, and 24,000 tons by 2028.

The company has also decided to establish a new carbon fiber production entity, Hyosung Vina Core Materials Co., in Ba Ria-Vung Tau Province in southern Vietnam.
Toray Advanced Materials Korea Inc. also recently held a groundbreaking ceremony for the expansion of its carbon fiber unit 3 in Gumi City, North Gyeongsang Province.

The company plans to expand its annual carbon fiber production capacity to 8,000 tons by 2025 from 4,700 tons.  Circular Textiles
Carbon fiber is called “super fiber” as it weighs one-fourth of iron but is over 10 times stronger.

Demand is growing in many areas, including compressed natural gas (CNG), compressed hydrogen storage, automotive parts, and wind blades.

The market for carbon fiber, also dubbed the “rice of the future,” is expected to grow at nearly 10 percent on average annually.
Global demand for polyacrylonitrile (PAN) carbon fiber is expected to increase to 327,000 tons in 2035 from 112,000 tons in 2023, according to Japanese market research firm Fuji Keizai Co.  Circular Textiles
The recent decisions by petrochemical companies to enter the carbon fiber business come as they seek growth engines with high value-added products amid a sluggish market. Hyosung Advanced Materials, whose flagship product is tire reinforcement materials, posted sales of 783.3 billion won ($597.03 million) in the third quarter, down 20 percent from a year ago, and an operating profit of 35.7 billion won, down 46 percent.

Sales of tire reinforcements and seat belts and airbags fell 29 percent and 15 percent respectively from a year earlier to 426.5 billion won and 141.3 billion won each. The decline is likely due to the slowdown in the automotive industry.
Meanwhile, the carbon and aramid fiber segments saw solid demand and posted an 11 percent increase in sales that hit 90.7 billion won during the period.
The securities industry forecasts that Hyosung Advanced Materials’ operating profit from the carbon fiber segment will outperform that of the tire reinforcement business from the second half of 2024.  Circular Textiles
Increased solar power generation is also driving demand for carbon fiber. Recently, carbon fiber has been in demand for insulation materials used to produce polysilicon and ingots, which are key value chains in the solar industry.
Ceramic was used for insulation previously but is being replaced by carbon fiber for its short replacement cycle.
Hyosung Advanced Materials’ carbon fiber brand TANSOME? 

Coca Cola, Nestlé face scrutiny on recycled bottles claims


Dutch consumer watchdog Consumentenbond has joined European consumer organisation Beuc and other groups from 12 EU countries in a legal complaint against food and drink giants Coca Cola, Danone and Nestlé for misleading claims about recycling plastic bottles.
The groups on Tuesday filed a case to the European Commission and consumer protection authorities’ network CPC calling for an investigation into claims that plastic water bottles sold across Europe are ‘100% recyclable’ or ‘100% recycled’.  Circular Textiles

They also denounced the use of images suggesting that plastic bottles have no impact on the environment. The groups argue such claims are “factually incorrect” and do not comply with EU rules as they mislead consumers.

The recycling rate for PET plastic bottles is estimated to be 55% across the EU and the likelihood of it becoming a bottle again is around 30%, the groups say.

The claims also do not consider that virgin materials can be added during manufacturing and parts of a plastic water bottle, such as lids and labels, cannot be made from recycled plastic.  Circular Textiles

Drinks bottles are one of the top sources of plastic pollution on European beaches, the organisations noted and in October Dutch government inspectors said that the private sector is not doing enough to make sure more plastic bottles are collected.

“Using 100% recycled or recyclable claims or displaying nature images and green visuals that insinuate that plastic is environmentally friendly is misleading consumers.

Such claims however can be found on many bottles sold across Europe.

The problem is that there’s no guarantee it will be fully recycled once it’s in the bin,” said Beuc deputy director Ursula Pachl.  Circular Textiles


Coca Cola, Nestlé face scrutiny on recycled bottles claims

One million tonnes of plastic additives pollute the world’s oceans each year

A new study has revealed that approximately one million tonnes of plastic additives leak into the planet’s oceans every year.

The report – conducted by EA Earth Action – reveals the scale of pollution caused by these chemicals on an annual basis, with the organisation warning that, without substantial changes to production and waste management, the leakage of plastic additives into oceans and waterways could increase by over 50 per cent by 2040.

The study – entitled ‘Adding It Up’ – further highlights that a significant portion of this pollution – approximately 116 kilotonnes – originates from plastic packaging materials alone.  Circular Textiles

EA Earth Action stresses the potential dangers this could pose to human health – the vast majority of additives found are untested, unregulated and have been linked to various health conditions such as obesity, cancer and fertility issues.

Everyday items such as textiles or vehicle tires provided a considerable contribution to the leakage into oceans at 37 and 35 kilotonnes respectively.

Publishing the findings ahead of the third session of the UN Global Plastic Treaty Negotiations (INC-3) – aimed at formulating a legally binding international treaty to tackle plastic pollution – EA Earth Action is calling for increased transparency on the composition of plastic products alongside the scaling of effective waste management practices across the globe.  Circular Textiles

Julien Boucher, Founder of EA Earth Action commented: “The findings of our report underscore the urgency of adopting a comprehensive approach to confront the challenge of plastic pollution and combat additive leakage effectively.

“The widespread inclusion of potentially harmful additives in plastics, combined with substantial amounts of mismanaged plastic waste worldwide, has created the toxic threat we face today.

“Addressing the problem with additives must be a key talking point at INC-3 if we are to protect the ecosystem and human health from its detrimental effects. Further research into these chemical compounds is critical to addressing the threats from the whole spectrum of plastic pollution.”  Circular Textiles

Calls to reduce plastic additives in oceans

EA Earth Action is calling on policymakers to select materials that are both more reusable and recyclable to help tackle the plastics crisis and drive towards a more circular economy.

The organisation has also called for further research on how and why plastic additives leak into the environment and the effects this has on the human body to enable governments worldwide to construct more effective prevention strategies.

Maria Westerbos, Founder of the Plastic Soup Foundation and Co-founder of the Plastic Healthy Council said: “The results of EA Earth Action’s Adding it up report are a sobering reminder of how additives toxify both our planet and our bodies. We should never forget that all these chemicals are added to plastics and, in that way, are released into the entire ecosystem, including our own bodies. We now must see action.”


One million tonnes of plastic additives pollute the world’s oceans each year

APR and RecyClass Work to Align Design for Recycling Guidance
Continued efforts to drive harmonization of plastic packaging recyclability

The Association of Plastic Recyclers (APR) recently announced updates to the APR Design® Guide for Plastic Recyclability to align with RecyClass, the European based non-profit initiative focused on advancing plastics circularity. The APR Design® Guide will now state that 6% of EVOH is allowed for HDPE containers.  Circular Textiles

“Because the recycling process is very similar in both geographies, packaging will likely be processed similarly,” said Curt Cozart, APR COO. “Although some differences exist, APR Design® Guidance is nearly the same as RecyClass. The APR® Design Guide previously allowed for 5% EVOH in HDPE containers but will update to 6% to align with RecyClass Design for Recycling Guidelines.”

Through their respective Technical Committees, APR and RecyClass are accelerating global alignment of recyclability principles. In these groups, scientific data, gathered based on standardized testing protocols, is shared and serves as the base for discussions on uncovering the complexities of plastic packaging.  Circular Textiles

In addition to guidance on the use of EVOH in HDPE containers, guidance on the use of EVOH in PP containers has also been streamlined through this collaboration.

“To achieve a truly circular future for plastics, harmonization is essential,” commented Paolo Glerean, Chairman of RecyClass. “The real value of the collaboration between APR and RecyClass is evident in these latest recommendations, providing clearer guidance to the plastics industry globally. These joint efforts will allow the plastic packaging value chain to standardize their products on a larger scale and make the path towards the circular use of plastics more cost efficient.”

This activity is part of a continued effort between APR and RecyClass to reinforce their collaboration to drive worldwide harmonization of recyclability for all plastic packaging types, through a shared vision of science-based design for recycling guidelines and protocols for recyclability assessments.  Circular Textiles

This partnership will drive a unified, fact-based approach to recyclability, and bring clarity to the whole value chain.

The harmonization efforts are underway, taking into consideration the variations in recycling capabilities and infrastructure between the two regions.


APR and RecyClass Work to Align Design for Recycling Guidance Continued efforts to drive harmonization of plastic packaging recyclability

Flake sorting –  Demystifying Chemical Recycling: An Emerging Solution or a New Set of Challenges? 09-11-2023

Circular Textiles

Flake sorting –  Demystifying Chemical Recycling: An Emerging Solution or a New Set of Challenges? 09-11-2023

Flake sorting

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Tomra presents new Innosort Flake

Its enhanced features enable simultaneous flake sorting by polymer, colour and transparency, achieving unmatched quality even from highly contaminated inputs.

With the introduction of the new Innosort Flake, Tomra provides the ideal flake sorting solution to help the industry recover more recyclable materials from any waste stream with maximum yield.  Flake sorting

Alberto Piovesan, Global Segment Manager Plastics at Tomra Recycling Sorting, explains: ”Given recycled content targets in Europe and elsewhere, the market needs to prepare for future demand. Recyclers need solutions to produce high-quality post-consumer recycled content in sufficient volumes.

At the same time, they strive for reliable sorting results and operational flexibility. With the new Innosort Flake, this is now possible.”  Flake sorting

Any colour, any polymer

Equipped with a powerful sensor combination, the new Innosort Flake sorts polymers by material type and colour, removing any impurities to create pure fractions.

Thanks to its advanced near-infrared (NIR) spectrometer, the machine precisely detects various polymers, allowing for the recovery of recyclable materials from highly contaminated infeed. With this technology, plastics recovered from mixed waste, for example, can be sorted for recycling, providing access to more recyclable materials that otherwise would be lost or downcycled for lower-grade applications. For instance, polyolefins (PO), such as polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP), are often found comingled in the same waste stream. With the new Innosort Flake, mixed plastic fractions that have been shredded and washed can be sorted into clean fractions of PET, PP and PE and other materials that meet the quality requirements for extrusion and the creation of high-quality post-consumer recycled (PCR) content.  Flake sorting

Moreover, plant operators profit from the machine’s unmatched colour sorting performance. Its enhanced optics, with a changeable colour background and dual-sided high-resolution cameras, detect millions of colours and create single-colour fractions. Its high contrast imaging can even differentiate between white opaque and natural, transparent and translucent flakes, reducing material losses and maximizing yield.

Piovesan adds: ”The new Innosort Flake is designed to sort any colour, any polymer, at the same time. It levels the playing field for recyclers and gives them maximum flexibility to respond to the respective market demands. If an operator wants to purify PET this month and produce a clean blue PP next month, it is technically possible with the new machine. What’s more, it is cost-effective.”  Flake sorting


Flake sorting

Borealis, TotalEnergies Start Up Baystar PE Joint Venture

New unit brings Borealis’ proprietary Borstar PE technology to North America and completed the partners’ integrated petrochemicals venture

Borealis and TotalEnergies recently brought on stream their ambitious Baystar joint venture’s new 1.3-billion lb/yr (625,000 m.t.) in Pasadena, Texas, which brings to North America Borealis’ proprietary Borstar 3G technology and more than doubles the current production capacity at Baystar’s site.

Referred to as Bay 3, the unit completes the partners’ integrated petrochemicals venture, which includes the expanded Bayport PE facility, including two existing legacy PE units producing 881.8 million lb/yr, and the 2.2- billion lb/yr ethane cracker at the TotalEnergies Platform in Port Arthur, Texas, brought on stream in mid-2022.

Borstar technology has been shown to produce advanced value-added polymers with enhanced sustainability by enabling light-weighting and the incorporation of greater amounts of post-consumer recycled materials in a variety of end products, serving the energy, infrastructure and consumer products industries. Flake sorting

According to Baystar president, Diane Chamberlain, “Borstar technology enables our technical, production, and sales teams to collaborate in the creation of the highly customized products our customers require to remain competitive and meet consumer demands” She notes that these PFAS-free materials, enable more than 50% post-consumer recycled material in some end products. Also, due to their broad molecular weight distribution, Borstar PE offers superior physical properties with no need for process aids or additives.

Said Borealis CEO Thomas Gangl, “The arrival of Borealis’ proprietary Borstar technology in North America by way of Baystar marks, in line with our owners’ strategies, a crucial step for us in becoming a global leader in advanced and sustainable chemicals and material solutions,” Expanding and deepening our footprint through Baystar enables us to better serve customers and partners by offering improved access to Borstar based products produced right here in North America.”  Flake sorting


Flake sorting

Opinion: Time to clear up the ocean-bound plastic issue

We need to demystify ocean-bound plastic and educate people on its potential

We all know that plastic in our oceans is an environmentally devastating problem that is only getting worse. According to the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals Report, over 17 million tonnes of plastic entered the ocean in 2021, and that number is set to double or even triple by 2040. The collection and recycling of ocean-bound plastic has great potential to address this spread, but sadly, not enough businesses and consumers understand what it is, which has led to a general misunderstanding of the category.

For many, recycled ocean-bound plastic conjures up images of plastic being pulled directly from the sea or from around the neck of a sea turtle, which is simply not the case. Plastic pulled from the ocean has already been degraded by the salt and sun, making it very difficult to recycle at scale.  Flake sorting

At best, well-meaning companies try to engage with consumers by using this emotive but misleading imagery as a shorthand – and, at worst, bad actors in the industry deliberately conjure this image in order to greenwash or generate confusion.

Our operating definition of ocean-bound plastic is inspired by the pioneering work of Distinguished Professor of Environmental Engineering and 2022 MacArthur Fellow, Dr. Jenna Jambeck, and her team. They utilised various criteria in their research, and it is important to consider these factors together, rather than looking at one aspect of the problem in isolation.

The country or region lacks proper waste management infrastructure and collection incentives.

The infrastructure is being overwhelmed by population growth and/or increased tourism.

There is a significant risk to wildlife and biodiversity if plastic contaminates their ecosystem.  Flake sorting

It is found within 50km (30mi) distance of an ocean coastline or major waterway that feeds into the ocean.

The Prevented Ocean Plastic programme focuses on addressing these concerns in tandem, working with at-risk coastal communities to create an intervention before this plastic reaches our waterways, where it can cause immeasurable harm.


Flake sorting

We’re supporting legal action against Coca-Cola, Nestlé and Danone for their misleading claims about recycling

Along with the Environmental Coalition on Standards (ECOS), we’re supporting the Bureau Européen des Unions de Consommateurs (BEUC) in filing a legal complaint to the European Commission against three food and drink giants, over their use of misleading ‘100% recyclable’ and ‘100% recycled’ claims on plastic water bottles sold across Europe.

What’s the problem?

We’ve likely all seen slogans on plastic water bottles, claiming that the bottle is ‘100% recyclable’ or ‘100% recycled’. However, claims such as these, commonly found on plastic water bottles all over Europe, are either vague, factually incorrect, or not substantiated, and may suggest that bottles can be recycled in an infinite circular loop, which is simply not true.  Flake sorting

Evidence shows that there is no such thing as truly circular plastic and that recycling – while less harmful than other methods of waste disposal – cannot solve the worsening crisis of plastic pollution. The process of recycling actually continuously degrades the properties of plastic, making ‘infinite’ recycling impossible. In fact, only 9% of plastic ever made has been recycled, and production of new plastic is now expected to triple by 2060.

These claims about recycling also fail to account for all the parts of a plastic water bottle, such as lids and labels, which are not made from fully – if at all – recycled plastic and are much less likely to be effectively recycled.

The reality is that single-use plastic is neither circular nor sustainable. Recycling can never catch up with the sheer volume of plastic produced on our planet.

Rosa Pritchard, ClientEarth lawyer

Quite simply, we are producing too much plastic, and people and planet are drowning in it. Recycling is not a satisfactory solution, and companies shouldn’t be implying to consumers that plastic bottles are ever a sustainable choice.  Flake sorting

What’s the legal action?

We’ve supported BEUC in raising an ‘external alert’ to the European Commission and the Consumer Protection Cooperation Network against Coca-Cola, Nestlé and Danone for suspected widespread infringement of consumer protection law.

An ‘external alert’ is an important tool that allows designated entities – such as BEUC – to submit complaints to the Consumer Protection Cooperation network and the European Commission, meaning they can submit evidence of business practices they suspect infringe consumer protection law directly to the enforcement authorities.

The external alert submitted here argues that the recycling statements on plastic water bottles, which are often reinforced by ‘green’ imagery and generic environmental catchphrases, may mislead consumers into viewing single-use bottles as a ‘sustainable’ choice, when this simply isn’t the case. The most sustainable way to consume water is using a refillable bottle and drinking tap water.  Flake sorting

The evidence is clear – plastic water bottles are simply not recycled again and again to become new bottles in Europe. A ‘100%’ recycling rate for bottles is technically not possible and, just because bottles are made with recycled plastic, does not mean they don’t harm people and the planet. Where waste can be recycled, consumers should keep up their good work. Recycling is less harmful than other disposal methods, like incineration or landfill. But it’s important companies don’t portray recycling as a silver bullet to the plastic crisis. Instead they need to focus efforts on reducing plastic at source. Companies are in a unique position to change how we consume but currently these claims – which we consider to be misleading – are making it hard for consumers to make good environmental choices.

Is recycling worthwhile?

Recycling is less harmful than plastic being incinerated or going into landfill. And consumers should still recycle wherever possible.  Flake sorting

But, the ‘recyclability’ of a plastic water bottle depends on lots of different external factors, such as local infrastructure when it enters the recycling system. In the EU, the recycling rate for plastic bottles is approximately 50%, with only 30% used to make new bottles. The remainder goes towards products like textiles, which are generally unrecyclable and more likely to end up in landfill, or an incinerator, causing pollution and contributing to climate change.

The combined effect of the claims on these bottles about recyclability risks persuading consumers across Europe that single-use plastic packaging does not harm the environment, while distracting attention from the urgent need to hugely reduce plastic production across the globe.  Flake sorting


We’re supporting legal action against Coca-Cola, Nestlé and Danone for their misleading claims about recycling

The escalating plastic pollution crisis and inefficiencies in the plastic recycling system have turned many against single-use plastics and led to national and state bans on some plastic packaging. Now, the fossil fuel and petrochemical industries have launched a category of plastic processing technology called chemical recycling or advanced recycling. The plastic industry describes it as a potential panacea that can clean up millions of tons of plastic waste produced annually. Is it everything claimed?

The Ocean Conservancy recently hosted a forum to discuss their findings after examining chemical recycling. The implications of this technology are intricate, and the technology is still evolving. However, the early evidence is that chemical recycling still requires immense energy, generating large amounts of planet-warming CO2. At the same time, it does not significantly reduce the volume of plastic toxins. Flake sorting

“Chemical recycling is an umbrella term that captures a suite of disparate technologies,” said Dr. Anja Brandon, Associate Director of U.S. Plastics Policy at the Ocean Conservancy. She suggested that fossil fuel and plastic companies fudge these terms to confuse consumers and policymakers. “These terms are constantly changing. Its ‘chemical recycling,’ ‘advanced recycling,’ ‘molecular recycling,’ and ‘renewable technologies.’ Different companies all use different terms.”

One clear message from the event was the importance of reducing the use of plastic. As much as 40% of plastic becomes single-use packaging, which accounts for much of the plastic pollution in the oceans and landfills. Flake sorting

“Recycling mitigates the harm of waste and extraction, but not as much, of course, as reuse and certainly reduction is our primary strategy,” said Lynn Hoffman, Co-President of Eureka Recycling in Minneapolis and National Coordinator for the Alliance for Mission-Based Recyclers.

Hoffman noted that mechanical recycling is not without its environmental flaws but suggests that most plastics, especially single-use plastic packaging, are not recycled because of the broken economics of today’s system.

It’s often cheaper to use virgin plastic because of the complexity and cost of sorting and processing plastic. Flake sorting


 Demystifying Chemical Recycling: An Emerging Solution or a New Set of Challenges?

Creating a Plastics Circular Economy in the Food Industry

Recently, there has been a push for the food industry to trade plastics for new packaging alternatives. However, as industry leaders work together to lower the carbon footprint of food packaging, it’s imperative to take a fact-based approach to the sometimes polarizing topic of plastic.

The concept of simply eliminating so-called problematic materials sounds like a quick and easy solution; however, these reflex reactions to misguided findings and policies just further complicate the problem. In most cases, this shifts the issue to a new material, which has its own challenges.  Flake sorting

The design of plastic materials and recycling technologies has continued to advance, making plastics, such as polystyrene (PS), far more eco-friendly than many people realize.

What makes a material sustainable?

One way to understand the full impact and environmental costs of a product is by using a lifecycle assessment, or LCA. A full LCA examines each step of the product’s entire cycle. It accounts for all energy, raw materials, and emissions involved at each stage of a product’s life. Only when we understand a product’s full life cycle can we accurately compare our options.

However, once a product is produced, that’s not the end of its existence. Additional inputs often add to its life cycle impact at other stages along the way to fulfilling its purpose. For example – shipping and distribution. The impact of shipping lighter materials, such as plastic, will be significantly lower as opposed to heavier materials, like metal or glass, due to the reduced fuel use.  Flake sorting

While an LCA is all-inclusive, there are methods to break down the assessment into separate, trackable portions. The product’s carbon footprint (PCF), for example, is specifically the equivalent amount of CO2 that is released into the earth’s atmosphere as a result of a product’s production, use, and afterlife. Product carbon footprint can be a very useful metric for estimating a product’s environmental impact since CO2 is a major contributor to climate change.

After use, the final resting place for the material contributes to the footprint, too. This can help demonstrate the benefits of circularity. If materials end up in landfills, each step of its life and all the inputs used to make that product need to be repeated and made again. However, if it can be recycled, the original inputs used to create the product stay in the value chain, reducing the need for that environmental impact to be repeated. Closing the loop with waste prevention and recycling allow for the life cycle of this valuable material to be infinite. To be repurposed and reused, again, and again. Flake sorting


Creating a Plastics Circular Economy in the Food Industry

Lenzing Advances Circularity Through Strategic Industry Partnerships and Value Chain Innovation

A strong commitment to achieving textile circularity, forging industry partnerships, and realizing value chain innovation are infused in Lenzing and the TENCEL™ brand’s strategic DNA. This year, the company continued to introduce exciting collaborations and initiatives, launching innovative products and creating added value for supply chain partners.

Incorporating TENCEL™ branded fibers, Japanese denim mill Kaihara and Lenzing have elevated their long-standing partnership this year, developing several innovative denim garments with finishing technology by Jeanologia. The capsule collection showcases Kaihara’s craftsmanship and the versatility of TENCEL™ fibers in high-end denim fashion worldwide.  Flake sorting

Lenzing and Kentaur also launched a collection of uniforms for culinary professions. These innovative uniforms are made from a blend of 50% TENCEL™ branded lyocell fibers with REFIBRA™ technology and 50% recycled polyester, to give textile waste a second life while maintaining a high level of quality and comfort.

Regarding fibers, Lenzing has extended the REFIBRA™ technology to LENZING™ ECOVERO™ branded viscose fibers with 20% of recycled content, and announced the expansion of the production of their EU Ecolabel certified[1] responsible viscose fibers at Lenzing’s Purwakarta site in Indonesia. The site will also produce LENZING™ ECOVERO™ black specialty fibers by the end of 2023.  Flake sorting

To address the industry’s increasing supply chain complexities, Lenzing partnered with supply chain solutions company project44™ to pioneer a real-time ocean shipment tracker that aims to enhance the transparency of the global fiber supply chain through greater carbon emission visibility. The tracker empowers Lenzing’s customers with accurate real-time insights on fiber orders, supporting Lenzing’s commitment to digital transformation and supply chain transparency in textiles and nonwovens.

The launch of the pilot “Start with the Original” campaign in China strives to enhance awareness of the correct usage of trademarks to safeguard industry partners and consumers. Harold Weghorst, Global Vice President of Marketing & Branding, Lenzing AG reaffirmed the education and training initiatives of the campaign that will help sustain a healthy business environment in the domestic ecosystem.  Flake sorting


Lenzing Advances Circularity Through Strategic Industry Partnerships and Value Chain Innovation

PCR packaging – Mura Technology’s flagship advanced plastics recycling plant opens in Teesside 08-11-2023

Flake sorting

PCR packaging – Mura Technology’s flagship advanced plastics recycling plant opens in Teesside 08-11-2023

PCR packaging

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Mura Technology’s flagship advanced plastics recycling plant opens in Teesside

MURA Technology’s first site, ReNew ELP, which turns ‘unrecyclable’ plastics that would usually be sent to incineration or landfill into liquid hydrocarbon products, has begun commissioning.

Based at the Wilton International industrial site in Teesside, UK, the facility uses a novel approach called Hydrothermal Plastic Recycling Solution (HydroPRS) to convert waste plastics that cannot be processed via traditional mechanical means, such as flexible films and multi-material rigids, back into the chemical and oil products they were made from. These in turn can then be used as feedstocks in the manufacture of new plastics and other materials.  PCR packaging

Mura says the recycling process takes just 30 minutes, and it works by using supercritical water – water under high pressure and high temperature – to help break down the carbon-carbon bonds in plastic.

First, the plastic is shredded and any contaminants such as grit, glass and metal are removed. The shredded plastic mix is then melted and pressurised, before supercritical steam is applied.

The mix is further heated, and plastics are broken down into liquid hydrocarbons and gas. After the conversion, energy reclaimed from depressurisation is used to drive product separation, while the recovered process gas is reused to generate the critical steam.

The end products span a range of valuable, liquid hydrocarbon products including naphtha, distillate gas oil, and heavy gas oil which is used to make chemicals, oils, speciality plastics and wax.  PCR packaging

Vitally, new materials made from the recycled feedstock are suitable for use in food-contact packaging material. This is currently a problem area for mechanical recycling systems whose products do not meet European Food Standard Agency requirements.

Described as a “world-first” by Mura, the facility, which was awarded a £4.42m (US$5.5m) grant from Innovate UK, aims to process about 20,000 t/y of plastic waste, rising to 80,000 t/y when the site is fully complete. This will reduce CO2 output by an estimated 120,000 t/y compared to incineration. And, as there is no limit to the number of times the same material can be recycled, HydroPRS has the potential to significantly reduce single-use plastics and permanently increase material circularity in the plastics industry, the firm said.  PCR packaging

Mura expects to deliver the first recycled hydrocarbon products from the plant to their off-take customers in early 2024.

Steve Mahon, Mura Technology’s CEO, hailed the opening of the new facility as “a ground-breaking” achievement and the culmination of four years of dedication. “Our HydroPRS process is unlocking a new market for plastic waste, creating value and keeping both plastic and carbon in circularity,” he said. ”The technology works alongside existing mechanical recycling to ensure no plastic types are considered ‘unrecyclable’ and require incineration or landfilling.”

Along with the Teesside plant, the firm has a licencing agreement with Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation (MCC) which is developing a 20,000 t/y HydroPRS plastics recycling facility in Japan.   PCR packaging

Mura is also eyeing potential sites in the USA and Germany, as it looks to recycle one million tonnes of plastic annually by the end of the decade.

Plastic problem

Poor plastic waste management has become such a problem globally that around eight million tonnes of it ends up in our oceans each year. To help industry make the changes needed to curb the spread of more plastic waste, trade body Plastics Europe has recently revealed a “radical plan” to completely redesign the European plastics sector.

In its report, the organisation recommends a shift towards circular practices such as recycling, biomass-based production, and carbon capture, as well as investing in joint infrastructure for hydrogen, renewable energy, and CCS. It also calls on the EU to develop an equivalent to the US Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) to support climate and low-carbon programmes.    PCR packaging


PCR packaging

Innovation and efficiency in the production of PET and rPET bottles and preforms: the partnership between PDG Plastiques and Piovan

In the latest edition of the Spotlight, Piovan Group tells us about its partnership with PDG Plastiques. At a time when innovation and efficiency are key words, companies are constantly looking for improvements. This includes French company PDG Plastiques, specialising in the design and production of PET preforms, bottles and containers. With two production plants and an annual output of over 2.2 billion preforms, PDG Plastiques is a leader in its field. But what are the enablers of this success?  PCR packaging

The needs of PDG Plastiques

With an eye for innovation, PDG Plastiques has faced increasing challenges related to the need to combine production efficiency with the use of recycled raw materials in a closed loop, always with the ultimate goal of a top-quality finished product. PDG needed a technology partner that could provide advanced solutions tailored to its specific needs. Employee training was also a key factor.

The solution provided by Piovan

Piovan, the world’s leading supplier of industrial automation systems, was the answer to these needs. The solution package provided to PDG Plastiques is a real technological enabler:

  • Winfactory 4.0: advanced software for production process control and management, which eliminates human errors and ensures production repeatability.  PCR packaging
  • Winfactory includes Winenergy, an energy efficiency monitoring system that provides a comprehensive analysis of energy consumption in real time, and Winflo, a tool for monitoring and controlling industrial cooling solutions, which turns data into useful information for optimising operations.
  • Condenso: an oil condenser specially developed for the plastic recycling process. In addition to removing VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds) from the process air during dehumidification, it also reduces energy consumption to a minimum thanks to a series of technological measures, including:
  • A heat exchanger that transfers energy from the incoming hot air to the outgoing air, reducing the thermal gap with the dehumidifier with lower costs for both cooling and heating.  PCR packaging


David Bankson of Fortis provides insights into PCR packaging’s growth

In an exclusive interview, Bankson highlights PCR packaging’s central role in addressing sustainability and reshaping the packaging industry’s environmental impact.

n an era where environmental concerns are paramount, the rise of post-consumer recycled (PCR) packaging is nothing short of a packaging industry revolution.

This innovative approach provides solutions to some of the most pressing sustainability challenges, redefining how we perceive packaging materials and their environmental impact.  PCR packaging

To gain deeper insights into this transformation, we spoke with David Bankson, Director of Flexible Packaging & Shrink Sleeves at Fortis Solutions Group, a company that’s taking the lead in sustainable packaging innovation.

Redefining PCR packaging

PCR packaging is not merely a recycling initiative; it’s a comprehensive approach that repurposes post-consumer materials and transforms them into valuable packaging solutions.

This approach leverages materials such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and low-density polyethylene (LDPE) – two of the most common resins in flexible packaging – to create environmentally conscious packaging that meets the stringent demands of modern consumers and communities.  PCR packaging

David Bankson explains, “PCR content in flexibles comes in the form of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and low-density polyethylene (LDPE) solutions, two of the most common resins in flexible packaging today. PET is the most widely available recycled resin due to the significant infrastructure in recycling clear PET beverage bottles.”

PCR packaging’s remarkable evolution

One of the remarkable aspects of PCR packaging is that it is nearly indistinguishable from packaging made with brand-new materials. Thanks to advances in recycling technologies, PCR resins, especially chemically recycled PET, have achieved a level of parity with their virgin counterparts.  PCR packaging


PCR packaging

The prices of metals used in electric vehicle batteries have plummeted this year, after soaring in 2022

Lithium, nickel and cobalt are now among the worst performing commodities, as EV sales growth slows down and supply from various countries increases. This is a relief for car makers and battery producers, who can lower their costs and prices. However, it also reflects the challenges of balancing supply and demand in a fast-changing market.

Lithium prices have dropped by almost 70% this year, while nickel has fallen by around 40%. Cobalt also declined. These metals are essential for making batteries that power electric vehicles, which are expected to dominate the car market in the future. However, the demand for these metals has not kept up with the supply, which has expanded rapidly in China, Indonesia and the Democratic Republic of Congo. PCR packaging

Electric vehicle sales are still growing, but not as fast as before. Higher interest rates and uncertain economic conditions have dampened consumer demand. In China, the largest EV market, sales growth slowed down compared to last year. As a result, there is a “huge buildup” of Chinese-made batteries, which exceeds demand by two times, according to analysts from ANZ Group Holdings Ltd. Battery makers have cut down their production, and the prices of lithium, nickel and cobalt are likely to stay low in the near term, the analysts said.  PCR packaging

The lower metal prices are good news for automakers and battery makers, who can benefit from lower costs and pass them on to consumers. For example, BYD Co, China’s largest EV maker, and Contemporary Amperex Technology Co, China’s top battery maker, have both profited from lower lithium prices.

The metal prices have also been affected by several developments in the production side. China has increased its lithium mining, while Indonesia has become a major source of cheap nickel, thanks to Chinese-financed plants. More cobalt is also being produced, especially in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Indonesia.

PCR packaging

New ITC Packaging technology injection moulds thin-wall PET containers in single step

ITC Packaging has worked with BMB SPA and Novapet to unveil TWI-PET, a new technology that produces thin-wall, flexible PET packaging in a one-step injection moulding process.

The system produces transparent flexible packaging that reduces wall thickness by 15% compared to other injection moulded containers – optimizing the weight of the pack and the amount of raw material needed to produce it.  PCR packaging

Initial industrial tests have reportedly achieved high performance and efficient energy use by reducing the injection cycle by up to 10%. Up to 30% recycled food-grade PET can be utilized, the company continues – helping customers align with legislation across Europe.

Containers produced with TWI-PET can also feature IML decoration with labels made of PET or PP, both of which are said to be recyclable. The resultant packaging is set to apply to dairy products, nuts, dried food, sweets, and other food that requires highly transparent, heat-sealed, and high-barrier packaging.

The technology made its debut at Fakuma 2023 – as did a lightweight, thin-wall, injection compression moulded polypropylene cup from NetstalPCR packaging

Earlier this year, ITC Packaging’s Bio2Bio bioplastic solution was implemented into its blow-moulded container portfolio for the food and cosmetics markets. PCR packaging


New ITC Packaging technology injection moulds thin-wall PET containers in single step

Will the fashion industry outgrow PET bottles if chemical recycling for textiles takes off?

As concerns about fast-fashion waste gain more attention, well-funded startups and longstanding chemical companies are starting to scale up the textile recycling market.

The problems associated with apparel waste, intensified by fast fashion, have been piling up for years and gaining increased attention. A site in Chile’s Atacama Desert has become known for mountains of used apparel, and study after study shows the potential effects of plastic microfiber pollution on ecosystems and human health.

Many apparel brands now use polyester made from post-consumer PET bottles in an effort to improve the sector’s sustainability.

But using waste PET as apparel feedstock is “not a perfect solution,” said Rachel Kibbe, CEO of the consultancy Circular Services Group.  PCR packaging

In 2022, along with resellers, fashion brands and other supply chain partners, Kibbe convened the American Circular Textiles group to advocate for new fashion policies.

“It has been a topic of importance in our industry for a while,” said Kibbe, referring to using bottles as textile feedstock. Textile suppliers and brands began labeling their products as recycled, which she said “made brands feel good at first.” But because textile-to-textile recycling technology is still in the early stages, this may risk confusing customers about how to manage their worn-out clothes and leaves landfill or incineration as the likely end-of-life option.  PCR packaging

In the first 15 years of this century, the amount of apparel produced doubled while the amount of time consumers kept clothes in their wardrobes fell by 40%, according to 2017 data compiled by the World Bank. In recent years, apparel resellers have found profitable ways to extend apparel lifecycles. But much of the industry’s wastefulness can’t be undone. U.S. EPA data shows that the amount of clothing and footwear in the MSW stream has grown from an estimated 6.47 million tons in 2000 to 11.9 million tons in 2015.


Will the fashion industry outgrow PET bottles if chemical recycling for textiles takes off?

Lenzing sees no end to current slump

Company implements comprehensive performance programme in response to lack of market recovery.
Cellulosic fibre producer Lenzing reports that an anticipated recovery in the markets relevant to its business has so far failed to materialise.A continued sharp increase in raw materials and energy costs and very subdued demand is having a negative impact on the company’s sales, which in the first three quarters of 2023 fell by 5.3% year-on-year to €1.87 billion, primarily due to lower fibre revenues, although pulp revenues were up. Earnings for the period fell by 16.7% year-on-year to €219.1 million and the company recorded a net loss of €96.7 million, compared to profit of €74.9 million in the first three quarters of 2022.  PCR packaging“We already launched an ambitious cost-cutting programme at the end of 2022 which has delivered the expected results ahead of schedule,” said Lenzing Group CEO Stephan Sielaff. “Building on this, we are currently implementing a holistic performance programme with a focus on measures to boost profitability and cash flow generation as well as leveraging growth potential in the fibre markets through targeted sales activities.”Cost reductions will now derive in part from a reduction in personnel costs, which will be reduced by up to €30 million by not filling positions that fall vacant due to retirement and natural attrition, as well as by staff reductions. PCR packagingFor the Austrian sites in Lenzing and Heiligenkreuz, negotiations are currently underway with the works council concerning a social plan which is scheduled to commence in the first quarter of 2024.

In addition, after the successful conversion of a production line in Nanjing, China, in the first quarter of 2023, Lenzing has now completed its conversion and modernisation measures at its site in Purwakart, Indonesia, to convert to speciality viscose and significantly reduce emissions. Viscose fibres produced in Indonesia under the Lenzing Ecovero and Veocel brands now carry the EU Ecolabel for environmentally responsible products and services.  PCR packaging


Lenzing sees no end to current slump

Plastic waste – Chemical recycling ‘not the miracle cure’ for plastic waste 07-11-2023

PCR packaging

Plastic waste – Chemical recycling ‘not the miracle cure’ for plastic waste 07-11-2023

Plastic waste

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German exports fall by 7.5% YoY, imports drop by 16.6 % YoY during Sep


  • German exports were down by 2.4 per cent and imports dropped by 1.7 per cent month on month on a calendar- and seasonally-adjusted basis in September.
  • Exports fell by 7.5 per cent and imports by 16.6 per cent year on year.
  • After calendar and seasonal adjustment, Germany’s goods exports were worth €126.5 billion and imports worth €110 billion in the month.

German exports were down by 2.4 per cent and imports dropped by 1.7 per cent on a calendar- and seasonally-adjusted basis in September this year compared with August.

Based on provisional data, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) reported that exports decreased by 7.5 per cent and imports fell by 16.6 per cent year on year (YoY) during the month. Plastic waste

After calendar and seasonal adjustment, Germany exported goods worth €126.5 billion and imported goods to the value of €110 billion in September.

Related News

The foreign trade balance showed a surplus of €16.5 billion in September. The calendar- and seasonally-adjusted surplus stood at €17.7 billion in August this year and €5 billion in September.  Plastic waste

On a calendar- and seasonally-adjusted basis, Germany exported goods worth €69.8 billion to the member states of the European Union (EU) in September, while it imported goods worth €58.7 billion from these countries in that period.

Compared with August this year, calendar- and seasonally-adjusted exports to EU nations dropped by 2.1 per cent and imports from these countries fell by 2.6 per cent.

The value of the goods exported to euro area countries in September totalled €48.8 billion (minus 2.4 per cent), and the value of the goods imported from these countries was €38.9 billion euros (minus 3.8 per cent).  Plastic waste

Exports of goods to countries outside the non-EU countries amounted to €56.7 billion in September, while imports from these countries totalled €51.3 billion on a calendar- and seasonally-adjusted basis. Compared with August this year, exports to non-EU countries declined by 2.8 € and imports from such countries fell by 0.6 per cent.

Most German exports in September were to the United States. After seasonal and calendar adjustment, exports of goods to the United States during the month were down by 4 per cent compared with August, with the value of exports dropping to €12.8 billion.

Exports to China fell by 7.3 per cent to €7.7 billion and exports to the United Kingdom rose by 2.3 per cent to €6.3 billion.  Plastic waste

Most imports during the month were from China. Goods to the value of €13 billion were imported from there, representing a 0.9-per cent decrease month on month (MoM) after calendar and seasonal adjustment.

Imports from the United States rose by 0.5 per cent to €7.7 billion. Imports from the United Kingdom increased by 5.2 per cent to €3.2 billion during the month.

Exports to Russia in September this year declined by a calendar- and seasonally-adjusted 11.2 per cent MoM to €0.6 billion and by 41.7 per cent YoY. Imports from Russia rose by 7.5 per cent MoM to €0.2 billion, and were down by 89.4 per cent YoY.


German exports fall by 7.5% YoY, imports drop by 16.6 % YoY during Sep

Oceana: Coca-Cola and Pepsi’s plastic packaging use increases by hundreds of millions of pounds

Oceana calls on both companies to increase reusable packaging and reduce single-use plastic, after Ellen MacArthur Foundation report reveals significantly increased plastic use and limited progress in meeting recycling goals

Oceana analyzed data[1] from the Global Commitment 2023 Progress Report released earlier this week by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation, and found that the two top polluting brands, according to the Break Free From Plastic Brand Audit, increased the amount of plastic used by hundreds of millions of pounds on a year over year basis. The Coca-Cola Company increased its use of plastic packaging by over 6% or over 454 million pounds (206,000 metric tons) to a reported 3.43 million metric tons in 2022. PepsiCo increased its use of plastic packaging by 4% or over 220 million pounds (100,000 metric tons) to a reported 2.6 million metric tons in 2022. Plastic waste

This increase coincides with additional data in the Ellen MacArthur annual report that shows the companies made only marginal progress towards meeting pledges to increase recycled content in their plastic packaging and to decrease their use of virgin plastic packaging. And, both companies reported no progress on having more plastic – by weight – in reusable packaging. Coca-Cola disclosed that this percent was just 1.3% in both 2021 and 2022 and Pepsi, for the second year running, released no data for this metric. The companies have pledged to increase the volume of beverages they sell in reusable packaging by roughly 10-percentage points by 2030.

Oceana released the following statement from Matt Littlejohn, Senior Vice President, Strategic Initiatives:

“It is unacceptable that Coca-Cola and Pepsi are increasing their use of plastic by hundreds of millions more pounds year over year.  Plastic waste

The companies’ efforts and pledges are not solving this problem. The best way for Coca-Cola and Pepsi to stop this relentless growth in plastic is to dramatically increase the use of refillable bottles – which can be used up to 50 times if made of glass. Just a 10% increase in refillable bottles in all coastal countries in place of single-use plastic could reduce marine plastic bottle pollution by 22%.

Unfortunately, despite commitments to increase reusable packaging, both companies are falling short. This doesn’t have to be a daunting task. Refillable bottle systems exist – at scale – in many countries around the world. Consumers in existing markets buy them, prefer them, and return them for a small deposit. Coca-Cola has said that 93% of their reusable packaging is returned to the point of sale.  Plastic waste


Plastic waste

Chemical recycling ‘not the miracle cure’ for plastic waste

Where does pyrolysis fit in the waste hierarchy?

Pyrolysis is not a ‘future-proof’ solution in the battle against plastics, insists Zero Waste Europe. The group argues in a new report that relying on the chemical process creates a ‘leaky loop’ rather than a circular economy. 

‘Even in the best scenario, only 2% of today’s plastic waste fed into pyrolysis will actually make the round trip into the steam cracker and then be recycled,’ writes Zero Waste Europe (ZWE).  Plastic waste

Furthermore, it argues, the process produces new, unwanted, and toxic hydrocarbons. ‘All plastics, though notably the polyolefins which are identified as ideal pyrolysis feedstocks, do not simply revert back to the precursor material from which they were formed,’ the report says.

‘Instead, they produce a wide variety of products due to aggressive chemical substances, known as free radicals, splitting from the plastic and re-combining in unwanted forms.’ These pyrosynthetic hydrocarbons lower the product oil yield and impair its quality, it adds.

High contamination

ZWE believes ‘chemical recycling’ is not the answer for difficult-to-recycle plastic waste streams. Highly mixed, unwashed or difficult-to-recycle plastic waste streams, such as automotive shredder residue and computer casings, result in a pyrolysis oil with substantially increased levels of contamination.  Plastic waste

‘The universal laws of physics and chemistry that govern pyrolysis are unlikely to change because of marketing pressure,’ the report states. ‘Decision makers would be sensible to accept that pyrolysis is not the wonderful miracle they need merely because no other back-end solution exists.’

It claims the laws of thermodynamics dictate that the most sensible solution to minimising plastic waste lies in upstream intervention. ‘This means putting investment into making plastic products less complex, less contaminated, and more recyclable,’ the report concludes.


Plastic waste

New batteries for electric cars and wearables, backed by multi-million US$ funding, are both fire resistant and flexible

Anthro Energy’s flexible energy storage systems will be used in next-generation electronic devices and are currently being sold to the first wearable manufacturers.
The development team has identified promising applications for the fireproof batteries, particularly in electric vehicles and laptops. By integrating them into belts, straps and other “dead spaces”, Anthro batteries are expected to extend the service life of devices by 2 to 5 times. Plastic waste

Batteries are regarded as crucial technologies in the battle against climate change, particularly for electric vehicles and storing energy from renewable sources. Anthro Energy’s novel flexible batteries are presently available to wearable manufacturers and could be employed in a variety of areas, including electric cars and laptops.

The innovative batteries score well in fire safety, thanks to new materials and design features that eliminate internal and external mechanical safety risks like explosions. Many of today’s batteries, such as lithium-ion batteries, contain a flammable liquid as an electrolyte.

Anthro Energy’s David Mackaniac and his team have created a flexible polymer electrolyte that is malleable like rubber. The new technology provides increased design flexibility for use across a range of devices, with adaptable shapes and sizes to suit specific applications.

The batteries are highly durable, capable of enduring tens of thousands of bending cycles without any decrease in performance. Plastic waste


Plastic waste

Nylon demand falls across major end-uses; China exports pressure margins – AdvanSix CEO

AdvanSix is seeing global nylon demand declines across most major end-uses, Erin Kane, CEO of the integrated US-based nylon 6 producer said during the company’s third-quarter earnings call on Friday.

“Overall, we see demand declines across most key end markets, leading to further margin compression in the industry,” Kane said.

In North America, the higher interest rate environment is unfavourably impacting building and construction end markets, she said.  Plastic waste

The high rates are also impacting consumer spending, with implications for nylon in packaging applications, she said.

However, auto has been a more “resilient” end market for AdvanSix, with the recent US auto worker strikes only modestly impacting engineered plastics demand, she said.

Meanwhile, low-priced imports are creating “competitive intensity”, she said, noting in particular exports from China.

“We are seeing China’s global nylon exports reach all time-highs” amid that country’s slower economy, thus putting pressure on nylon prices and margins, she said.

The company expects nylon industry margins to remain at “trough levels” through year-end, due to the unfavourable supply and demand conditions, she said.

With the softness across the key nylon end market in North America, AdvanSix would “continue to leverage various sales channels to meet demand where it exists, including a higher share of exports”, added chief financial officer Michael Preston.

On the positive side, underlying agriculture industry fundamentals are expected to remain favourable, boding well for ammonium sulphate (AS).  Plastic waste

AS is a by-product of AdvanSix’s integrated nylon production process.

In North America, “the underlying fundamentals continue to support firm fertilizer demand, moving forward”, Kane said, adding: “Our current order book is robust”.

As for acquisitions, “accretive M&A has always been part of our framework” and the company continues to evaluate opportunities, she said, adding: “This is an interesting time” for M&A.

She was responding to an analyst on the call who suggested that AdvanSix, with its healthy balance sheet, should have the opportunity to expand with “bolt-on” deals in chemical intermediates, specialties or other products. Plastic waste


Nylon demand falls across major end-uses; China exports pressure margins – AdvanSix CEO

Bloomberg Asks Why Electric Cars Today Are So Huge

The UK has a long tradition of small cars, exemplified by the original Mini but including a gaggle of MGs, Triumphs, Humbers, Hillmans, Cortinas, Austins, and the like. Mostly they were small because raw materials were scarce after World War II, but also because Britain taxed cars based on horsepower. Smaller cars were lighter, which means they could make do with less powerful engines. While all of that is true historically, it does not explain why most electric cars sold in the UK today are so big and heavy.  Plastic waste
Bloomberg correspondents Olivia Rudgard and Kyle Stock spent some time driving around London behind the wheel of an Ora Funky Cat. At just over 4 meters (13 feet) in length, the four door, five passenger hatchback proved to be an able and efficient vehicle for use in that environment. For some perspective on size, the Maxda MX5 — known as the Miata in North America — measures 12.8 feet in length. [Note: The Funky Cat appears to be very similar in size to a first-generation Nissan LEAF.]
Of the 72 electric cars available in the UK, nine have batteries with a capacity under 50 kWh. (Just two EVs in the US have such small batteries.) Between 2013 and 2022, new sales of every type of car declined in the UK — except SUVs, whose sales have risen 75% over that period according to the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT). In August, tests by Which?, a consumer group, identified 161 cars too big for standard UK parking spaces, up from 129 in 2018.  Plastic waste
Small cars like the Fiat Punto and the Ford Fiesta have been discontinued and replaced with SUVs in recent years, says Ralph Palmer, UK electric vehicles & fleets officer at Transport & Environment, which tracks the new and used car markets. “They’re seeing that there are great profit margins to be made from selling a massive SUV for a far higher margin, but selling fewer of them,” he said.
Electric Cars — How Much Is Enough?
This shift in the marketplace, especially when it comes to electric cars, is creating a dearth of options for commuters looking to buy only as much car as they need. The Ora Funky Cat with its 48 kWh battery has a range of 320 kilometers (about 200 miles). As Rudgard and Stark discovered, that is more than ample range for urban driving. After a weekend of shopping and hauling furniture from IKEA, they still had nearly a 50% state of charge remaining in the car’s battery. The car’s dimensions mean it is closer in size to those iconic British cars of old, which is a plus in crowed urban environments where a car can be more of a logistical nightmare than a convenience.  Plastic waste


Bloomberg Asks Why Electric Cars Today Are So Huge

Sage Automotive Interiors Partners With US Startup NFW

Sage Automotive Interiors has partnered with Peoria, Ill.-based startup, NFW, a producer of a plastic-free, plant-based leather alternative for car interiors. This strategic partnership between Sage Automotive Interiors, part of the Asahi Kasei Group, and NFW, a leading global provider of innovative and functional materials for the automotive interior — enables another major step to support global automotive OEMs in reducing the environmental burden of the automobile lifecycle.  Plastic waste

NFW was founded in 2015 and has developed the only platform capable of producing precision-engineered, all-natural (zero plastic) leather, foam, and textiles to replace animal and petrochemical-based materials. MIRUM®, the company’s patented leather alternative, is made from natural rubber, natural fibers, plant oils, natural pigments, and minerals. MIRUM is bio-neutral and can be safely returned to the Earth or recycled by NFW at the end of its lifetime. The material offers superior durability and quality that can replace traditional animal-based or synthetic leather products without the use of any polyurethane or other coatings.

Sage is engaged in the development, manufacturing, and sales of innovative functional materials used in automobile interiors globally. Since its acquisition by Asahi Kasei in 2018, Sage has continued to strengthen its business activities in Europe and China through mergers and acquisitions in parallel to expanding its lineup of growth-potential materials such as suede and synthetic leather.  Plastic waste

As one of the leading global suppliers in the car seat fabric market, Sage has a strong presence among automakers and suppliers.

Luke Haverhals, CEO and founder of NFW, said: “Over time, our partnership with Sage will allow consumers to apply the same decision-making process that they use in their homes, in their cars as well — the most sustainable option will be available to them. The kind of impact that matters to the planet has to happen at scale, not just around the edges.”


Sage Automotive Interiors Partners With US Startup NFW

Recycled cellulosic-fibres – Japan: Scientists develop self-healing, stronger and partially biodegradable plastic 06-11-2023

Plastic waste

Recycled cellulosic-fibres – Japan: Scientists develop self-healing, stronger and partially biodegradable plastic 06-11-2023

Recycled cellulosic-fibres

Petrochemicals BGPET – Goldman Sachs says the Israel-Hamas war could have major implications for Europe’s economy


Recycled cellulosic-fibres

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

New partnership for recycled man-made cellulosic fibres

SaXcell and Birla Cellulose sign Memorandum of Understanding for recycled fibre production to accelerate circularity.
Textile recycling innovator SaXcell has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Aditya Birla Group’s, Birla Cellulose, one of the world’s largest manufacturers of man-made cellulosic fibres. The MoU paves the way for the expansion of collaboration between the two companies for production of recycled man-made cellulosic fibres. SaXcell’s textile waste pulping technology combined with Birla’s advanced wet spinning expertise results in high quality sustainable SaXcell recycled fibres, serving the circular textile needs of customers at commercial scale.Commenting on the development, Mr Erik van der Weerd, CEO SaXcell, highlighted that this collaboration fits SaXcell’s vision to set up a robust circular textile supply chain based on partnership and mutual commitment. He explains: “To address today’s social and environmental challenges of the textile industry, global collaboration is imperative.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres
We need to facilitate a change from a linear to a circular economy and we need to do it now. SaXcell’s and Birla’s combined innovation force and production power offer a great opportunity to create real impact.”Commenting on this circularity and sustainability focussed collaboration, Dr. Aspi Patel, Chief Technology Officer, Aditya Birla Group and Birla Cellulose, points out: ”Birla Cellulose is strongly committed to support innovators for expanding circular fibre offerings in the textile and non-woven value chain. We have been exploring innovative business models and partnerships, this collaboration is one such initiative, where we aim to help SaXcell leapfrog from pilot to commercial demonstration scale.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres
Such partnerships will play an increasingly important role in accelerating circularity in global textile value chain.”SaXcell B.V. is an innovative technology development company that recycles used textiles into feedstock for making new and sustainable man-made cellulosic fibres. Creating the new fibres requires less water, land and chemicals. A team of researchers from Saxion University of Applied Science in Enschede started with SaXcell B.V. in 2015. After extensively testing and improving the technology, a pilot factory was successfully built in 2020. By 2024 SaXcell will further expand by building a Small Scale Production plant in Enschede, The Netherlands.
More…Recycled cellulosic-fibres

BMW showcases own battery to tackle Tesla

BMW starts making new battery cells that outperform Tesla’s BMW has begun producing its new Gen 6 battery cells, which will power its upcoming Neue Klasse electric vehicles.

The German car maker says its battery cells are better than Tesla’s in both performance and sustainability.

The Gen 6 battery cells are cylindrical and have a diameter of 46 mm. They come in two heights, 95 mm or 120 mm, depending on the capacity.

This shape helps to optimize the space and weight of the battery pack, which will be built into the vehicle structure.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

The Gen 6 battery cells will also have a voltage of 800 volts, which will enable faster charging and higher efficiency.

BMW claims its Gen 6 battery cells will provide a 30% increase in range over the previous generation, thanks to higher energy density and improved thermal management.

Moreover, the German company says it has cut CO2 emissions in cell production by 60%, using renewable energy and recycled materials.

The Bavarian company also plans to introduce solid-state batteries by 2030, which will further boost energy density by 20%.

The first cars to use Gen 6 battery cells will be the Neue Klasse models, which will launch in 2025.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

This is a new exclusive electric platform, which will include a compact sedan, a sporty SUV, a crossover and a station wagon.

BMW aims to sell more than 10 million electric vehicles by 2030, with a market share of 25%.

Recycled cellulosic-fibres

Japan: Scientists develop self-healing, stronger and partially biodegradable plastic

Scientists in Japan have developed a new version of plastic which is not just stronger and stretchier than the traditional version but also partially biodegradable. Besides, it can remember complex shapes which can be restored once it is heated.

Now, researchers at the University of Tokyo have successfully created “sustainable plastic,” which is based on an epoxy resin vitrimer. Recycled cellulosic-fibres

What are vitrimers?

Vitrimers represent a relatively recent category of plastics known for their impressive strength at low temperatures, while also possessing the unique ability to be reshaped numerous times when exposed to higher temperatures.

Nonetheless, they do have a notable drawback – extreme brittleness, as they cannot be stretched far before breaking.

To address this issue, researchers introduced a molecule called polyrotaxane into the plastic synthesis process, resulting in a novel plastic variant they’ve dubbed VPR, an abbreviation for “vitrimer incorporated with polyrotaxane.”

At lower temperatures, VPR’s robust internal chemical bonds maintain its rigid shape, but as temperatures rise, to around 150 degrees Celsius, these bonds start to recombine, allowing the material to take on different forms.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

Moreover, when heat and a solvent are applied to VPR, it readily breaks down into its constituent components. Submerging VPR in seawater for 30 days also led to a 25 per cent biodegradation, with the polyrotaxane breaking down into a potential food source for marine life.

Self-healing properties

“VPR is over five times as resistant to breaking as a typical epoxy resin vitrimer,” said Professor Shota Ando, a project research associate at the University of Tokyo Graduate School of Frontier Sciences.

“It also repairs itself 15 times as fast, can recover its original memorised shape twice as fast and can be chemically recycled 10 times as fast as the typical vitrimer.

It even biodegrades safely in a marine environment, which is new for this material,” Ando added.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres


Japan: Scientists develop self-healing, stronger and partially biodegradable plastic

High-purity rPET for new bottles

Croatia’s accession to the European Union has also given a significant boost to the topic of recycling, among other things.

Varisort sorting systems with FLASH technology for inspecting the bottle material for special colours (silver, opaq, TiO2 coloured) and for detecting bottles with a very low colour saturation.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

Since then, the aim has been to implement the EU’s waste directives and current targets and, above all, to drive forward the circular economy to a national level. The EU target of recycling more than 65 percent of the municipal waste generated by 2035 has paved the way for a sustainable circular economy.

Plastic packaging manufacturers as an active part of the circular economy

An example from the field of plastic packaging shows that especially the distributors and manufacturers of such packaging who see it as their duty to make their contribution to the circular economy and thus to environmental protection and resource conservation. The aim is to use recycled PET material in the production of PET beverage packaging and to continuously increase its share. When using recycled PET, purity is the decisive factor. Only pure and high-quality recyclate can be used for a wide range of new products and especially for beverage packaging.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

rPET pellets of the highest quality for use in the food sector

Austrian beverage producer Steinrieser and the newly founded Austrian-Croatian trading company for beverage production KIS pica have joined forces to set up a PET recycling plant in the Donja Dubrava region of Croatia to reprocess disposed plastic bottles.

The PET recycling plant REKIS produces up to 18,000 metric tons of high-quality rPET pellets annually, which is then reused for the production of beverage bottles. In Croatia, plastic bottles are collected via the existing deposit system, but also via municipal collection points. In addition, REKIS sources collected plastic bottles from Austria, Slovenia, Slovakia and the Czech Republic.

The material is delivered pressed into bales, separated and forwarded via an eddy current separator for separation from aluminium cans. To obtain pure PET material for use in the food sector from the plastic bottles processed in this way, a multi-stage sorting process follows.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

At REKIS, multisensor sorting systems from Sesotec are used to reliably separate plastic bottles and, in a further step, plastic flakes by type. This is the prerequisite for obtaining high-quality rPET pellets.

Presorting with Varisort+ multisensor sorting systems

In the first step, the bottles pass through the Varisort+ multisensor sorting system. Positive sorting of clear PET bottles takes place: PET plastic bottles and clear bottles are removed and sent to the next sorting stage. Unwanted plastic bottles are actively suppressed and were then sent to the return sorting stage with all other materials.

The advantage of this sorting process is that the target fraction is positively identified and collected. All other materials, such as stones, etc., are removed and no longer interfere with further processing.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres


High-purity rPET for new bottles

APLA ’23: Brazil’s PE supply concerns rise as demand ticks higher

Brazil’s concerns about short supply of polyethylene (PE) in the fourth quarter continue mounting as imports could fall while demand is expected to rise slightly heading into this year’s annual meeting of the Latin America Petrochemical Association (APLA).

  • Weather conditions could affect imports into Brazil
  • Planned maintenance shutdowns to affect domestic supply
  • Imports into Argentina heavily curtailed

Until August, PE supply was not a concern for the Brazilian chemicals market, but a drought in Brazil’s northern states has changed the scenario.

The inland Port of Manaus, in the state of Amazonas, is one of the main gateways for PE into Brazil; the region has large converters and is a free trade zone, making imports more competitive.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

However, the region has been struggling with a severe drought, causing the Port of Manaus – where the rivers Negro and Amazonas meet – to record its lowest water level in 121 years.

The Port recorded a water level of 13.59 metres in mid-October, the lowest level since records began in 1902 and well below the previous record lows of 2010.

Many shipping companies have ceased their services to the Amazonas state capital because, in some critical passage points, the water has reached a level that makes it impossible to continue maritime operations.

Many cargoes on board vessels bound for Manaus will have to be unloaded in other ports like Pecem and Vila do Conde, but it remains unclear when these cargoes will be re-embarked to Manaus.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

According to one distributor, this situation has caused many converters to transfer their production to plants located in other regions, thus generating an “artificial” demand for PE due to the impossibility of receiving imports in Manaus and shipping finished products from there to other regions.

Another source said this situation should only improve in Q1 2024, causing a large volume of backlogged cargo to land in Manaus next year, while a local converter said it expects the situation to improve in November.


APLA ’23: Brazil’s PE supply concerns rise as demand ticks higher

Berlin Packaging and APR partner to assess recyclability of PET bottles

The initiative will allow participating companies to receive the APR’s Design Recognition verification. Recycled cellulosic-fibres

Berlin Packaging has collaborated with US-based non-profit organisation the Association of Plastic Recyclers (APR) to introduce a sample bottle programme.

The programme aims to assist in the designing and testing of recyclable polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic packaging.

Berlin Packaging, a hybrid packaging solutions provider, is a member of the APR.

As part of this effort, Berlin Packaging is required to send small quantities of PET bottles to undergo recyclability test protocols at third-party testing laboratories to secure the APR’s Design for Recyclability Recognition.  Recycled cellulosic-fibres

This guide is designed to help companies ensure that the design of their packaging is fully recyclable and can easily be converted into high-quality, post-consumer recycled content.


Berlin Packaging and APR partner to assess recyclability of PET bottles

Recycled cellulosic-fibres

Mechanically recycled plastic – Multiple mixed plastic polymers depolymerized by single catalyst in new scientific development 04-11-2023

Petrochemicals BGPET – Goldman Sachs says the Israel-Hamas war could have major implications for Europe’s economy 06-11-2023

Petrochemicals BGPET

Petrochemicals BGPET

  • Polymers : PET – r-PET – Filament grade semidull chips -Filament grade bright chips – Ny6 – Ny66 – PP
  • Feedstocks  PX – PTA – MEG – CPL – Adipic Acid – Benzene – ACN – Ethylene – Phenol – Naphtha
  • Textile : Polyester POY – DTY – FDY – PSF – Recycled Polyester POY – Nylon POY – DTY – FDY Spandex 20-30-40 -Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  Acrylic Staple Fiber 

Petrochemicals BGPET

Petrochemicals BGPET

ITEM 30/10/2023 06/11/2023 +/-
Bottle grade PET chips domestic market 6,900 yuan/ton 6,900 yuan/ton
Bottle grade PET chips export market 885 $/ton 880 $/ton -5
Filament grade Semidull chips domestic market 6,790 yuan/ton 6,780 yuan/ton -10
Filament grade Bright chips domestic market 6,830 yuan/ton 6,830 yuan/ton
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA domestic market 5,900 yuan/ton 5,890 yuan/ton -10
Pure Terephthalic Acid PTA export market 730 $/ton 740 $/ton +10
Monoethyleneglycol MEG domestic market 4,070 yuan/ton 4,080 yuan/ton +10
Monoethyleneglycol MEG export market 468 $/ton 470 $/ton +2
Paraxylene PX FOB  Taiwan market

Petrochemicals BGPET

1,014 $/ton 1,031 $/ton
Paraxylene PX FOB  Korea market 991 $/ton 1,008 $/ton +17
Paraxylene PX FOB EU market 1,150 $/ton 1,150 $/ton
Polyester filament POY 150D/48F domestic market 7,400  yuan/ton 7,280 yuan/ton
Recycled Polyester filament POY  domestic market 7,550 yuan/ton 7,550 yuan/ton
Polyester filament DTY 150D/48 F domestic market 8,700 yuan/ton 8,650 yuan/ton -50
Polyester filament FDY 68D24F

Petrochemicals BGPET

8,750 yuan/ton 8,700 yuan/ton -50
Polyester filament FDY 150D/96F domestic market 8,050 yuan/ton 7,950 yuan/ton -100
Polyester staple fiber 1.4D 38mm domestic market 7,500 yuan/ton 7,450 yuan/ton -50
Caprolactam CPL domestic market 12,750 yuan/ton 12,825 yuan/ton
Caprolactam CPL overseas  market 1,600 $/ton 1,600 $/ton
Nylon 6 chips overseas  market 1,830 $/ton 1,830 $/ton
Nylon 6 chips conventional spinning domestic  market 13,750 yuan/ton 13,800 yuan/ton +50
Nylon 6 chips  high speed spinning domestic  market

Petrochemicals BGPET

13,900 yuan/ton 14,050 yuan/ton +150
Nylon 6.6 chips domestic  market 19,700 yuan/ton 20,000 yuan/ton +300
Nylon6 Filament POY 86D/24F domestic  market 16,100 yuan/ton 16,150 yuan/ton +50
Nylon6 Filament DTY 70D/24F domestic  market 18,250 yuan/ton 18,300 yuan/ton- +50
Nylon6 Filament FDY  70D/24F  17,250 yuan/ton 17,200 yuan/ton -50
Spandex 20D  domestic  market

Petrochemicals r-Polyester

36,500 yuan/ton 36,500 yuan/ton
Spandex 30D  domestic  market 35,000 yuan/ton 35,000 yuan/ton
Spandex 40D  domestic  market  32,000 yuan/ton 32,000 yuan/ton
Adipic Acid domestic market 9,300 yuan/ton 9,150 yuan/ton -150
Benzene domestic market

Petrochemicals BGPET

8,340 yuan/ton 7,940 yuan/ton -400
Benzene overseas  market 911 $/ton 905 $/ton -6
Ethylene South East market 970 $/ton 945 $/ton -25
Ethylene NWE market 679 $/ton 717 $/ton +38
Acrylonitrile ACN  domestic market

Petrochemicals BGPET

9,500 yuan/ton 9,700 yuan/ton +200
Acrylonitrile ACN  overseas market 1,200 $/ton 1,200 $/ton
Acrylic staple fiber ASF  domestic market 14,600 yuan/ton 14,600 yuan/ton
Viscose Staple Fiber VSF  domestic market 13,350 yuan/ton 13,200 yuan/ton -150
PP Powder domestic market

Petrochemicals BGPET

7,350 yuan/ton 7,350 yuan/ton
Naphtha overseas market  658 $/ton 658 $/ton
Phenol domestic market 8,425 yuan/ton 7,812 yuan/ton -613

r-PET high end eco-friendly chips =7,800 yuan/ton 7,900 yuan/ton   –


Petrochemicals BGPET

Goldman Sachs says the Israel-Hamas war could have major implications for Europe’s economy

  • The ongoing Israel-Hamas war could affect European economies via lower regional trade, tighter financial conditions, higher energy prices and lower consumer confidence, Goldman Sachs said.
  • Concerns are growing among economists that the conflict could spill over and engulf the Middle East, with Israel and Lebanon exchanging missiles, as Israel continues to bombard Gaza.

The Israel-Hamas war could have a significant impact on economic growth and inflation in the euro zone unless energy price pressures remain contained, according to Goldman Sachs.

The ongoing hostilities could affect European economies via lower regional trade, tighter financial conditions, higher energy prices and lower consumer confidence, Europe Economics Analyst Katya Vashkinskaya highlighted in a research note Wednesday.

Concerns are growing among economists that the conflict could spill over and engulf the Middle East, with Israel and Lebanon exchanging missiles as Israel continues to bombard Gaza, resulting in massive civilian casualties and a deepening humanitarian crisis.

Although the tensions could affect European economic activity via lower trade with the Middle East, Vashkinskaya highlighted that the continent’s exposure is limited, given that the euro area exports around 0.4% of the GDP to Israel and its neighbors, while the British trade exposure is less than 0.2% of the GDP.

She noted that tighter financial conditions could weigh on growth and exacerbate the existing drag on economic activity from higher interest rates in both the euro area and the U.K. However, Goldman does not see a clear pattern between financial conditions and previous episodes of tension in the Middle East

The most important and potentially impactful way in which tensions could spill over into the European economy is through oil and gas markets, Vashkinskaya sai“Since the current conflict broke out, commodities markets have seen increased volatility, with Brent crude oil and European natural gas prices up by around 9% and 34% at the peak respectively,” she said.

Goldman’s commodities team assessed a set of downside scenarios in which oil prices could rise by between 5% and 20% above the baseline, depending on the severity of the oil supply shock.

“A persistent 10% oil price increase usually reduces Euro area real GDP by about 0.2% after one year and boosts consumer prices by almost 0.3pp over this time, with similar effects observed in the U.K.,” Vashkinskaya said.


Goldman Sachs says the Israel-Hamas war could have major implications for Europe’s economy

Mechanically recycled plastic – Multiple mixed plastic polymers depolymerized by single catalyst in new scientific development 04-11-2023

Mechanically recycled plastic

Borealis anticipates expanded mechanically recycled plastic compounding capacity in closed Rialti acquisition

Borealis has successfully closed a deal to acquire recycled polypropylene compound producer Rialti in a move set to boost its portfolio of PP compounds based on mechanical recyclates by 50,000 tons annually.

Rialti produces polypropylene compounds with a focus on mechanically recycled PP feedstock from post-industrial and post-consumer waste. With its annual capacity of 50,000 tons, it makes injection moulding and extrusion PP compounds for the automotive, appliances, and construction industries, among others.  Mechanically recycled plastic

After signing the agreement to acquire Rialti back in June, Borealis anticipates that the subsequent improvement in capacity will help to expand its PP compounding business and increase its volume of compounds based on mechanical recyclates. In turn, it expects to provide a wider range of sustainability-minded, high-performance solutions, meet customer demand, and help close the loop on a circular economy.

“Mechanical recycling is a key component of our integrated circular cascade model, which is a cornerstone of our future-positive transformation and path to net zero,” says Lucrèce Foufopoulos, Borealis executive vice president Polyolefins, Circularity and Innovation & Technology. “The acquisition of Rialti provides a vital expansion of our recyclate-based PP compound capacity, and marks another critical step on our path to reinventing essentials for sustainable living.”  Mechanically recycled plastic

Massimo Dal Toso, CEO of Rialti, adds: “Borealis is at the forefront of our industry’s mission to advance plastics circularity. With the closing of this transaction, I am pleased to see Rialti’s capacity and expertise contributing to this endeavour.


Mechanically recycled plastic

CompPair healable composites, recycled carbon fibers featured in ID Genève luxury watch

HealTech prepregs enable 400x faster regenerative properties for the new Circular C product, along with incorporation of industrial waste fibers for a sustainable touch.

The newly launched Circular C watch by ID Genève (Geneva, Switzerland) is claimed to be the first regenerative watch that has been designed with CompPair Technologies’ (Renens) healable composite technology, HealTech, produced with prepregs made from recycled carbon fibers sourced from industrial waste.  Mechanically recycled plastic

The dial, side decorations and bezel of the watch are all comprised of HealTech prepregs, which are capable of repairing scratches and internal cracks up to 400x faster than industrial standards. Initially intended for sports, leisure and aerospace components, CompPair’s smart material has also proved its appeal in the luxury sector.

“CompPair’s vision is to extend the lifetime of composites to reduce maintenance operations and waste, as well as improve circularity, in line with ID Genève’s vision,” Amaël Cohades, CEO and cofounder of CompPair, says. “Through this work, we are demonstrating the use of our healable resins with recycled carbon fibers, that can be applied to various other applications.”  Mechanically recycled plastic

CompPair aims to accelerate the transition to a circular economy with a product enabling ultrafast repair and cost reductions. The company is developing innovative resins which produce composite structures that can heal damage on-site in 1 minute. Together with ID Genève, CompPair has taken its technology one step further by combining it with recycled fibers, combining innovation with sustainability.


recycled carbon fibers

Multiple mixed plastic polymers depolymerized by single catalyst in new scientific development

Scientists at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have developed a catalytic process that can apparently deconstruct multiple polymers in mixed plastic streams back down to their building blocks – a development set to cut down on energy use, fossil fuel consumption, and carbon emissions, among other benefits.

According to ORNL, almost 90% of mixed consumer plastics are buried in landfills or incinerated at commercial facilities, regardless of whether they enter waste or recycling streams. This is attributed to the cheaper alternative of making new plastics rather than collecting, sorting, and recycling existing ones.  Mechanically recycled plastic

In response, ORNL has combined chemical design, neutron scattering, and computing to develop a new recycling process.

It utilizes a catalyst to deconstruct multiple polymers in mixed plastics back into monomers. This process is said to take place over approximately two hours and is thought to be the first single catalytic treatment capable of deconstructing PET, polyurethanes, polyamides, and polycarbonates – all of which make up around 30% of global plastic production, the researchers claim.

An analysis published in the scientific journal Materials Horizons suggests that the new catalyst would call for up to 94% less energy input, generate up to 95% fewer greenhouse gases, and reduce fossil fuel consumption by up to 96%. It is set to replace harsh chemicals in polymer deconstruction and provide good selectivity, thermal stability, nonvolatility, and low flammability.  Mechanically recycled plastic

ORNL synthetic polymer chemist and author Tomonori Saito explained: “Our approach involves a tailored synthetic organocatalyst — a compound comprised of small organic molecules that facilitate organic chemical transformations. The organocatalyst can convert batches of mixed plastic waste into valuable monomers for reuse in producing commercial-grade plastics and other valuable materials.

“This exceptionally efficient chemical process can help close the loop for recycling mixed plastics by replacing first-use monomers with recycled monomers.

“Today, nearly all plastics are made from fossil fuels using first-use monomers made by energy-intensive processes. Establishing this kind of closed-loop recycling, if used globally, could reduce annual energy consumption by about 3.5 billion barrels of oil.”

ORNL’s Spallation Neutron Source has also used small-angle neutron scattering to confirm that waste plastics had been deconstructed into monomers. In this process, neutrons are scattered at small angles to gauge structures at different levels of detail, e.g., nanometres or fractions of a micrometre.  Mechanically recycled plastic

Plastics are deconstructed at different temperatures by the organocatalyst. This enables individual monomers to be sequentially and separately recovered in a reusable form, as PET deconstructs at 180°C, polyamides at 210°C, polyurethanes at 160°C, and polycarbonates at 130°C.


Mechanically recycled plastic

Plastic-eating bacteria turn waste into useful starting materials for other products

Mountains of used plastic bottles get thrown away every day, but microbes could potentially tackle this problem. Now, researchers in ACS Central Science report that they’ve developed a plastic-eating E. coli that can efficiently turn polyethylene terephthalate (PET) waste into adipic acid, which is used to make nylon materials, drugs and fragrances.  Mechanically recycled plastic

Previously, a team of researchers including Stephen Wallace engineered a strain of E. coli to transform the main component in old PET bottles, terephthalic acid, into something tastier and more valuable: the vanilla flavor compound vanillin. At the same time, other researchers engineered microbes to metabolize terephthalic acid into a variety of small molecules, including short acids. So, Wallace and a new team from the University of Edinburgh wanted to expand E. coli’s biosynthetic pathways to include the metabolism of terephthalic acid into adipic acid, a feedstock for many everyday products that’s typically generated from fossil fuels using energy-intensive processes.

The team developed a new E. coli strain that produced enzymes that could transform terephthalic acid into compounds such as muconic acid and adipic acid.

Then, to transform the muconic acid into adipic acid, they used a second type of E. coli, which produced hydrogen gas, and a palladium catalyst. Mechanically recycled plastic

In experiments, the team found that attaching the engineered microbial cells to alginate hydrogel beads improved their efficiency, and up to 79% of the terephthalic acid was converted into adipic acid. Using real-world samples of terephthalic acid from a discarded bottle and a coating taken from waste packaging labels, the engineered E. coli system efficiently produced adipic acid. In the future, the researchers say they will look for pathways to biosynthesize additional higher-value products.

The authors acknowledge funding from the Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland; the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre; a Future Leaders Fellowship from UK Research and Innovation; and an Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council Sustainable Manufacturing grant. Mechanically recycled plastic


Plastic-eating bacteria turn waste into useful starting materials for other products

Huntsman suspends EV battery materials because of Chinese imports

Huntsman is suspending a project that would produce ultra-pure ethylene carbonate (UPEC) used in the batteries of electric vehicles because of aggressive imports from China, which has caused pricing to fall by 75%, said the company.

“The current level of pricing will not generate the returns we would expect, and we took the difficult decision to suspend the project,” the company said in prepared remarks about its Q3 earnings.  Mechanically recycled plastic

Once Huntsman sees signs that pricing for UPEC will improve, it can complete the project within 12 months.

Huntsman is the only producer of ultra-pure ethylene carbonate in North America. The company had planned to raise UPEC capacity to up to 20,000 tonnes/year at its plant in Conroe, Texas. The project would have been completed by the end of this year.

Huntsman suspends EV battery materials because of Chinese imports

SK Geo Centric to build a pyrolysis plant in Dangjin with Plastic Energy

■ SK Geo Centric signed an MOU with UK-based Plastic Energy in Germany to establish a pyrolysis plant in Dangjin, Chungcheongnam-do Province, Korea on October 31  Mechanically recycled plastic

■ With the plant’s geographical advantage, proximity to the Seoul metropolitan area and Chungcheong-do regions, the plant is anticipated to create a synergy for waste plastic recycling in collaboration with the Ulsan ARC

■ SK Geo Centric CEO Na Kyung-soo stated, “The establishment and operation of the pyrolysis plant will contribute to establishing a circular economy system”

SK Geo Centric joins forces with Plastic Energy, the UK-based plastic pyrolysis specialist, to build a waste plastic pyrolysis plant in Dangjin, Chungcheongnam-do province. The plant is the second domestic pyrolysis plant after the Ulsan ARC (Advanced Recycling Cluster), which is under construction in the southern district of Ulsan with the goal of operations in 2025.

The two companies signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for the construction of the Pyrolysis Plant 2 in Frankfurt, Germany on October 31 (local time). According to the MOU, the companies will establish a joint venture and construct a pyrolysis facility in the Songsan-2 Foreign Investment Zone in Dangjin. The specific timeline for construction and plant operation will be determined through future discussions between the two companies. The annual waste plastic processing capacity of Pyrolysis Plant 2 is planned to be 66,000 tons.  Mechanically recycled plastic

As the second plant will be located near the Seoul metropolitan area and Chungcheong regions, not only will its locational feature facilitate efficient waste collection from these areas, there is also the potential connection with the Ulsan ARC. The pyrolysis oil produced at Pyrolysis Plant 2 is expected to be further refined at the Ulsan ARC’s pyrolysis oil post-treatment facility for use in petrochemical processes.

Pyrolysis oil is created by heating waste plastics and discarded vinyl at high temperatures, and it is considered a crude oil substitute. Therefore, it is regarded as a crucial element in the circular economy for waste plastics, as it can be used in petrochemical processes to produce new petrochemical products. This process is also referred to as “Urban Oil Field” as it is extracting crude oil from waste materials.  Mechanically recycled plastic

Last year, SK Geo Centric continued its collaborative relationship with Plastic Energy by signing a Heads of Agreement (HOA) for the construction of a waste plastic pyrolysis plant in the Ulsan ARC. Building on Plastic Energy’s experience in operating stable pyrolysis plants in places including Seville, Spain, and its accumulated technology patents, the partnership aims to open up an era of a circular economy for waste plastics in South Korea.

SK Geo Centric CEO Na Kyung-soo said, “Following Ulsan, operating a waste plastic pyrolysis plant in Dangjin will significantly contribute to establishing a circular economy system in Korea.”  Mechanically recycled plastic


SK Geo Centric to build a pyrolysis plant in Dangjin with Plastic Energy

Celanese, the US-based engineered materials producer, has unveiled its plan to cease operations at its nylon 6,6 and high-performance nylon manufacturing facilities located in Uentrop, Germany

The decision to shut down these production units is primarily attributed to mounting operational costs, a move intended to bolster the company’s financial stability. On Tuesday, Celanese initiated the consultation process with both the works council and the labor union, marking the initial steps in the closure procedure.

This strategic decision involves a meticulous timeline, with the company aiming to conclude the shutdown by the year 2024. It represents a significant operational shift and is anticipated to come with substantial financial implications.

The estimated cost of the plant closures is projected to range between USD 110 million and USD 125 million. This substantial expenditure encompasses a variety of expenses, such as decommissioning equipment, managing inventory, and addressing environmental concerns.  Mechanically recycled plastic

Furthermore, a crucial aspect of this process is the termination of the employees currently working at the Uentrop facility. While the company has made efforts to streamline the process and ensure that this transition is as smooth as possible for its workforce, the exact costs related to employee termination remain uncertain. The financial intricacies of severance packages, pensions, and other associated expenses are yet to be fully determined.

This decision has come as a response to the evolving economic landscape and changing market dynamics. Celanese, like many other global companies, faces the challenge of managing production costs and optimizing its global footprint to stay competitive in the industry. The decision to shut down these plants is part of a broader strategy to streamline operations and enhance profitability.  Mechanically recycled plastic

The impact of this closure extends beyond the financial realm. It also raises questions about the livelihoods and future employment opportunities of the workers at the Uentrop facility. The consultation process with the works council and union is crucial in ensuring that the interests of the employees are taken into account as the shutdown proceeds. It is a challenging and complex process that requires a delicate balance between cost management and social responsibility.

In the meantime, Celanese remains committed to maintaining its dividend payout to its stockholders. The company’s dividend, which is a distribution of profits to its shareholders, is set to be paid out in 2023. The dividend is payable to stockholders who were recorded as such by October 30, 2023.  Mechanically recycled plastic

As the shutdown plan progresses, Celanese will continue to navigate the complexities associated with the facility closures and the accompanying financial challenges. The company’s focus remains on adapting to the ever-changing industrial landscape while also fulfilling its obligations to its employees and shareholders. The eventual impact of this strategic decision on Celanese’s financial health and market position will be closely watched by industry observers and investors alike.

Celanese, the US-based engineered materials producer, has unveiled its plan to cease operations at its nylon 6,6 and high-performance nylon manufacturing facilities located in Uentrop, Germany

Plastic waste – Signal: carmakers boost EV battery supply chains via recycling partnerships 03-11-2023

Mechanically recycled plastic

Plastic waste – Signal: carmakers boost EV battery supply chains via recycling partnerships 03-11-2023

Plastic waste

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Axens, IFPEN and JEPLAN announce the start-up operation of Rewind® PET semi-industrial unit in Japan for the chemical recycling of PET

Axens, IFPEN and JEPLAN entered into a partnership in 2020 to develop and license an innovative recycling process, called Rewind® PET, that can be used to recycle all types of waste Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET), especially those difficult to recycle mechanically. With the support of the French Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME), this collaboration has resulted in the construction, commissioning and recent start-up of their Rewind® PET semi-industrial unit, which modifies and expands JEPLAN’s existing Kitakyushu Hibikinada Pilot (KHP) demonstration plant, in Kitakyushu-city, Japan. The production capacity of the Rewind® PET semi-industrial unit keeps the same capacity of the KHP demonstration plant before modifications, at one thousand tons per annum (1 KTA).  Plastic waste

The aim of this unit is to show future industrial customers how the innovative PET recycling process, developed by the three partners, can be integrated into their own production and recycling facilities. This is a key step for the three partners in view of the commercialisation (licensing) by Axens, which is intended to start by the end of 2023 once the process has been fully validated. The Rewind® PET process will produce a high-quality, virgin-like, recycled PET, suitable for all PET applications including food contact packaging or textiles. An event was held at the semi-industrial unit on October 24th to celebrate its launch.

An innovative process for the chemical recycling of PET

The innovative Rewind® PET process involves a continuous depolymerization of PET by glycolysis, followed by a deep purification of the obtained monomer, BHET (Bis(2-Hydroxyethyl) terephthalate).  Plastic waste

Its major advantage for manufacturers lies in its ability to separate all additives and colorants to restore a pure BHET monomer, which can easily be polymerized again in existing (or new) polymerization plants. It can be used to process all types of waste PET, including coloured and opaque bottles, multilayer trays, packaging film and polyester textiles. This innovation is the result of more than 10 years of development at Axens, IFPEN and JEPLAN, and of the synergy established by the three partners for over three years now. It will greatly help the PET industry meet its targets for the integration of recycled materials, complementing mechanical recycling.

This will also contribute to reaching Europe’s target of 30% recycled content in PET-made packaging by 2030.  Plastic waste

Promoting a circular plastics chain


Plastic waste

Ascend returns to Plastimagen with innovative new materials for Latin America

Ascend Performance Materials will showcase how it is advancing together with its customers through new products for e-mobility and sustainable materials at Plastimagen this week. In its first Plastimagen exhibition since expanding compound production to Latin America, the company will exhibit its engineered materials portfolio, including:

  • New grades of the award-winning Vydyne® AVS, which provide tunable frequency damping for automakers looking to reduce vehicle noise, vibration and harshness (NVH) at the source.  Plastic waste
  • Further advances in Starflam® X-Protect, a family of PA66 compounds capable of withstanding direct flame exposure up to 1,100°C for 15 minutes – mitigating the risk of a thermal runaway to EV passenger safety. Starflam X-Protect recently passed UL 2596, a safety test for EV battery enclosure materials, and is an ideal material for use as busbar insulation, connectors and flame barriers.
  • A growing portfolio of ReDefyne certified circular polyamide compounds with up to 100% pre- and post-consumer recycled feedstock, specially formulated to help customers reduce the carbon footprint of their products without compromising performance. The ReDefyne portfolio can help meet the circularity objectives laid down in the European Commission’s proposed end-of-life vehicle regulationPlastic waste

“A truly innovative product portfolio makes this event exciting for us,” said Steve Manning, senior business director, engineering plastics. “Our new materials and technical support are helping customers design high-performance, sustainable products quickly and reliably.”


Plastic waste

Signal: carmakers boost EV battery supply chains via recycling partnerships

Auto OEMs are partnering with EV battery recyclers, as they seek to secure better raw materials access and improve ESG profiles.

utch automaker Stellantis announced on 24 October that it had signed a memorandum of understanding with US-based Orano to establish a joint venture for recycling end-of-life electric vehicle (EV) batteries. The move, Stellantis said, is calculated to strengthen the company’s position in the EV battery value chain by granting them “additional access to cobalt, nickel and lithium necessary for electrification and energy transition.”

This is just the latest in a series of joint ventures between automakers and EV battery recycling firms, as the former seek to shore up their supply chains against projected raw material shortages and boost the environmental, social and governance (ESG) profiles of their batteries.  Plastic waste

Earlier this month, South Korea’s Kia established a public-private partnership with North Gyeongsang Provincial Government and Gyeongbuk Technopark to build a battery recycling ecosystem, and, last month, Volvo announced a partnership with Newcastle-based Connected Energy to recycle its commercial EV fleet batteries.

And the list goes on. Earlier this year, Honda inked agreements with two leading US-based battery recycling companies, Cirba Solutions and Ascend Elements, in a move calculated to bring the automaker closer to its 2050 carbon neutrality goal. Indeed, Andreas Breiter, partner at the global management consulting firm McKinsey & Co., notes that using recycled battery materials for EV batteries equates to approximately 25% lower carbon emissions versus virgin mineral extraction.  Plastic waste

In March, meanwhile, Germany’s Mercedes-Benz joined forces with three Chinese companies, including China’s largest battery maker CATL, to form a “closed loop” battery recycling project.


Plastic waste

PET recycling claims ‘mislead consumers’

Claims that PET bottles are ‘100% recyclable’ or ‘100% recycled’ are likely to mislead consumers, a report by consultancy Eunomia Research & Consulting says.

Working with environmental groups ClientEarth, the Environmental Coalition on Standards and Zero Waste Europe, Eunomia said PET was “not currently a circular material within even the best recycling systems in Europe” in its report 100% Greenwash? Green Claims on PET Beverage Bottles in Europe.

ClientEarth’s Rosa Pritchard said: “This report clearly demonstrates that ‘plastic bottle circularity’ is a myth.”  Plastic waste

Assertions about the sustainability of PET beverage bottles did “not reflect reality” and potentially breached consumer protection law by making bogus claims, Eunomia said.

The report investigated examples of claims and found the term ‘recyclable’ was ambiguous and should not be placed on bottles. It recommended instead that labels should provide consumers with clear instructions on how to dispose of packaging.

Claims that PET bottles were ‘100% recycled’ might not account for all the components, since caps and labels “are rarely, if ever, made from recycled content”.

The authors conclude that PET beverage bottles should not be marketed in ways that that imply circularity or sustainability.  Plastic waste

Andy Grant, Eunomia technical director, said: “PET beverage bottles should not be marketed using language or imagery that states or implies circularity, sustainability and/or climate neutrality.


PET recycling claims ‘mislead consumers’

REPORT | Chemical Recycling: A Dangerous Deception

Chemical recycling — or what the industry likes to call “advanced recycling” — is increasingly touted as a solution to the plastic waste problem, but a landmark new report from Beyond Plastics and IPEN shows this technology hasn’t worked for decades, it’s still failing, and it threatens the environment, the climate, human health, and environmental justice. This comprehensive report features an investigation of all 11 constructed chemical recycling facilities in the United States, their output, their financial backing, and their contribution to environmental pollution.  Plastic waste

The petrochemical and plastics industries have been aggressively working across America to pass state laws that reclassify chemical recycling facilities as manufacturing rather than waste facilities, which reduces regulation of these polluting plants and allows the companies to grab more public subsidies. As of this report’s release, 24 states have passed such laws. Just like mechanical recycling, chemical recycling is an industry marketing tactic to distract from the real solution to the plastic problem: reducing how much plastic is produced in the first place.

Deregulating and incentivizing chemical recycling is a dangerous trend with environmental and human health repercussions, though it’s not surprising when you consider how little information is publicly available about what chemical recycling actually does, how it does it, who it affects, how little plastic it removes from the waste stream, and how little product is actually produced.

This report unmasks chemical recycling’s history of failure, its lack of viability, and its harms so that others, especially lawmakers and regulators, can see this pseudo-solution for what it is: smoke and mirrors.  Plastic waste


REPORT | Chemical Recycling: A Dangerous Deception

Opinion: How To Increase Recycling Rates With 2D Codes and The GS1 Digital Link

how can we increase the quantity and availability of PCR plastic? Lee Metters, Group Business Development Director, Domino Printing Sciences, explores

Five years since the Ellen MacArthur Foundation and the UN Environment Programme launched the New Plastics Economy Global Commitment to create a circular economy for plastics and more than 500 signatories have signed up. Many global brands have promised to drastically increase their use of post-consumer recycled (PCR) plastic instead of virgin plastic by 2025.  Plastic waste

Many brands have taken great strides in the right direction, but a problem remains – there is insufficient recycled plastic to meet demand. In its 2022 global report, the Ellen MacArthur Foundation announced that signatories had more than doubled their use of PCR since 2018 – from 4.8% to 10% – but remain way off the 2025 target. Moreover, virgin plastic use is back at 2018 levels after an initial drop.

As such, the question remains: how can we increase the quantity and availability of PCR plastic? Lee Metters, Group Business Development Director, Domino Printing Sciences, explores.  Plastic waste

Creating a circular economy for plastic waste  

The first step towards creating a circular economy for plastic waste is designing products for recyclability, but making products recyclable is only part of the solution. Worldwide, we produce large volumes of recyclable waste daily, but the vast majority ends up in general waste collections. Indeed, a recent report by National Geographic found that 91% of plastic waste is not sent to a recycling facility. So, it’s hardly a surprise that there is a significant debate about how to improve materials recovery.

Multiple start-ups and businesses aim to improve product identification at materials recovery facilities (MRFs), with everything from artificial intelligence and machine vision applications emerging alongside existing near-infrared and air separation technologies to identify waste better at the point of recycling.  Plastic waste


Opinion: How To Increase Recycling Rates With 2D Codes and The GS1 Digital Link

How Polymer Materials are Shaping the Electric Vehicle (EV) Revolution

The electric vehicle (EV) revolution has been gaining momentum over the past few years, and one of the key factors driving this change is the innovative use of polymer materials. As the world becomes increasingly concerned about environmental issues and the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the adoption of electric vehicles is on the rise. Polymer materials have played a crucial role in making electric vehicles more efficient, affordable, and sustainable. In this article, we will explore how polymer materials are transforming the electric vehicle industry and shaping the future of transportation.


The Rise of Electric Vehicles

Before delving into the impact of polymer materials, it’s essential to understand the current state of the electric vehicle market. Electric vehicles, or EVs, have seen a significant surge in popularity over the last decade. Several factors drive this surge, including government incentives, environmental concerns, and advancements in technology.  Plastic waste

One of the primary reasons for the growth of the electric vehicle market is the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Traditional internal combustion engine vehicles are a major source of carbon dioxide emissions, contributing to global warming and climate change. Electric vehicles, on the other hand, produce zero tailpipe emissions, making them a cleaner and more sustainable mode of transportation.

The Role of Polymer Materials

Polymer materials, composed of long chains of molecules, have emerged as a key player in driving the electric vehicle revolution.  These materials have several properties that make them ideal for EV applications.  Plastic waste

Lightweight and Strong

Polymer materials are known for their exceptional strength-to-weight ratio. They are significantly lighter than traditional materials like steel and aluminum, which is a crucial advantage in the design of electric vehicles. By using lightweight polymers, manufacturers can reduce the overall weight of the vehicle, leading to improved energy efficiency and longer driving ranges.

Improved Battery Technology

Electric vehicles rely on high-capacity lithium-ion batteries to store and provide energy. Polymer materials are used in the construction of these batteries to improve their performance. The use of polymer separators in lithium-ion batteries enhances their energy density, making them more efficient and capable of storing more energy in a smaller space.  Plastic waste

This, in turn, allows electric vehicles to travel longer distances on a single charge.


How Polymer Materials are Shaping the Electric Vehicle (EV) Revolution

Carbon Fiber – Electric cars : Automaker executives admit their plans are in jeopardy 02-11-2023

Plastic waste

Carbon Fiber – Electric cars : Automaker executives admit their plans are in jeopardy 02-11-2023

Carbon Fiber

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Electric cars : Automaker executives admit their plans are in jeopardy

Despite ambitious electrification strategies, automaker executives expressed doubts this week about the growth of the electric car market, amid signs of slowing demand and production difficulties.

Some industry leaders have also scaled back their electric vehicle (BEV) sales targets, calling into question their profitability and sustainability.
Many auto executives are reviewing their electric car plans
Among those who have changed their tone is Mary Barra, CEO of General Motors, who has been one of the most optimistic about the future of electric cars.

GM has suspended its targets to produce 100,000 BEVs in the second half of 2023 and another 400,000 in the first six months of 2024, without knowing when it will reach them. “As we progress through the transformation to EV, our road is a little bumpy,” she said.
Even Mercedes-Benz, which had to discount its electric cars by several thousand euros to sell them, did not hide its difficulties.”  Carbon Fiber

But Mercedes is not the only one. In fact, almost all current electric vehicles are sold at a lower price than the list price and in some cases with manufacturer incentives close to 10%.

This is while inventory is piling up at dealerships, in spite of the dealers. Often even significant markdowns and discounts are not enough.

These cars take dealers longer to sell than their gasoline counterparts.
This obviously leads to severe slowdowns in the plans of many companies which were evidently far too ambitious and optimistic.

The president of Toyota Motor, Akio Toyoda, spoke about this problem at the Japan Mobility Show, who declared: “People are finally realizing what the reality is.”

Toyoda has long been skeptical of his colleagues’ purely electric designs.

Carbon Fiber

Self-adhesive label material for PET recycling

Herma, a leader in self-adhesive label materials, has introduced the new wash-off adhesive 72Hpw. Thanks to a special formulation, the production costs of the new adhesive are almost on the same level as a conventional permanent standard adhesive, says the company. Nevertheless, it is claimed to make it possible to generate pure PET flakes with the usual industrial washing processes, without disturbing residues of labels and the printing inks contained on them. At the same time, this adhesive also benefits from the wash-off know-how that Herma states to have acquired in this field: The new adhesive has been designed to achieve good values in the important initial adhesion, i. e. the tack, and in the wash-off rate. They are claimed to be very similar to the more expensive wash-off adhesives that have already been introduced.  Carbon Fiber

Institut cyclos-HTP has already certified the adhesive 72Hpw for wash-off applications in combination with the film Herma PP white super tc (grade 881). This means that PET bottles can also be visually attractive for products such as beverages, cleaning agents (detergents), cosmetics and personal care. They can all be recycled in industry-standard recycling plants. The adhesive 72Hpw has been developed for applications where the label is to be washed off in warm alkaline water. Good results are already achieved at 70 °C in a 1% sodium hydroxide solution, explains Herma. Further material combinations are currently still in the test phase. These include, for example, the extra light and therefore resource-friendly films Herma PP 50 white (grade 884) and Herma PP 50 transparent super tc (grade 886).

Visit Herma


Carbon Fiber

Chlorophyll Water transitions to 100% rPET bottles

For the new bottles’ labels, the brand leveraged Avery Dennison’s water-based CleanFlake technology.

US-based bottled water brand Chlorophyll Water has announced the launch of new bottles made using 100% recycled polyethylene terephthalate (rPET).

The plastic material used in manufacturing Chlorophyll’s new bottles is recycled using technologies that have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

The company has also received the European Food Safety Authority’s (EFSA) approval for food-grade applications of this rPET material.  Carbon Fiber

These approvals signify that the material used in Chlorophyll’s packaging can be repurposed again into new PET bottles, further minimising the requirement of using virgin plastic for manufacturing new PET bottles.

Regarding the labels on these new 100% recycled plastic bottles, Chlorophyll leveraged Avery Dennison’s CleanFlake label technology.

CleanFlake labels, according to Chlorophyll, help enhance the yield of food-grade PET during the recycling process.


Carbon Fiber

Landbell and Sabic Enter Into Long-Term Partnership to Advance Plastic Packaging Closed-Loop Systems

Landbell, a German waste management service provider, and Sabic, the Saudi chemical giant, have solidified their long-term cooperation through an agreement aimed at fostering closed-loop systems for plastic packaging and expanding advanced recycling initiatives. The primary focus will be on establishing and enhancing processes to augment feedstock streams, technology, and expertise required for larger-scale chemical recycling operations.

This agreement marks a significant milestone in the ongoing partnership between the two companies, which was initially formed in 2020. Carbon Fiber

It builds upon the success of a pioneering recycling project announced by Landbell and Sabic in 2022 in collaboration with Mars. This project demonstrated the feasibility of closing the loop on flexible packaging by collecting mixed-used plastic and producing certified circular polypropylene (PP) as part of Sabic’s Trucircle portfolio.

Landbell and Sabic aspire to encourage other brand owners, as well as plastic and packaging converters, to integrate circular solutions utilizing chemically recycled post-consumer plastic packaging into their product applications. The collaboration also aims to showcase that closed-loop projects have the potential to recapture value and reintroduce used plastic into new material streams. To achieve this, Landbell is providing mixed plastic packaging waste from the German yellow bag collection as feedstock for chemical recycling—a waste stream that has traditionally been processed through low-end mechanical recycling or incineration for energy recovery.

This waste is transported to a specialized pre-treatment facility operated by A. Siemer Entsorgung, where it undergoes further sorting and cleaning processes in preparation for subsequent processing. Ultimately, the material will be transported to the Sabic Plastic Energy Advanced Recycling Unit in Geleen (currently in its final construction stages), where it will be converted into pyrolysis oil known as Tacoil. Following treatment in a newly constructed Sabic hydrotreater plant, this Tacoil can be utilized in Sabic’s production processes.  Carbon Fiber

Landbell and Sabic Enter Into Long-Term Partnership to Advance Plastic Packaging Closed-Loop Systems

OMV and Interzero establish joint venture to build and operate Europe’s largest sorting facility for chemical recycling


  • Construction and operation of innovative, fully automatic, sorting plant with capacity of up to 260,000 tonnes per year in Walldürn, Germany
  • Processing mixed plastics into feedstock for OMV’s chemical recycling
  • OMV investment volume over EUR 170 mn

OMV, the integrated company for energy, fuels & feedstock, chemicals and materials, headquartered in Vienna, has today announced the final investment decision to build an innovative sorting plant developed by Interzero* to produce feedstock for chemical recycling. In total, OMV will invest an amount of over EUR 170 mn to build this state-of-the-art facility in Walldürn, southern Germany. OMV will hold 89.9 percent of the shares in the joint venture and 10.1 per cent of the shares will belong to Interzero, Europe’s leading provider of circular economy solutions.  Carbon Fiber

Production start of the new plant is expected to take place in 2026. Around 120 new jobs will be created at the new site. The groundbreaking ceremony is already scheduled for November 20, 2023, with guests from politics expected to attend.

The sorting facility will be the first of its kind to produce feedstock for OMV’s chemical recycling on a large industrial scale. The ReOil® technology developed and patented by OMV is a chemical

recycling innovation that converts plastic waste that cannot be mechanically recycled into pyrolysis oil – a valuable resource.  Carbon Fiber

The input for the sorting plant essentially involves mixed plastics that have not been recyclable until now, especially those collected separately from the yellow bag and the yellow bin recycling system in Germany.


OMV and Interzero establish joint venture to build and operate Europe’s largest sorting facility for chemical recycling

Toray Industries, Inc. Develops TORAYCA T1200, the Ultra-High-Strength Carbon Fiber

Toray Industries, Inc. announced that it has developed TORAYCA? T1200 carbon fiber, the higher strength at 1,160 kilopound per square inch (Ksi). This new offering will move forward to reducing environmental footprints by lightening carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic materials.

This fiber also opens a new performance frontier for strength-driven applications. Its potential applications range from aerostructures and defense to alternative energy and consumer products. As carbon fiber products have proven their value and become more commercialized, the supply of high-strength carbon fiber has increased globally.

Pushing this performance frontier has increased the demand for specialty applications. Toray set about refining its proprietary nanoscale structural control technology to design and achieve an internal structure that resists damage. Leveraging this fundamental technology led Toray to develop TORAYCA?  Carbon Fiber

T1200 in its new facility within the Ehime Plant (in Masaki-cho, Ehime Prefecture). T1200 has a tensile strength of up to 1,160 Ksi, more than 10% higher than TORAYCA? T1100, which currently has the higher tensile strength available.

T1100 applications include defense weapon systems, space, aircraft, and sports and leisure equipment. Toray began the commercial production of TORAYCA? carbon fiber in 1971 at the Ehime Plant and diversified the application into compressed natural gas and high-pressure hydrogen tanks, automobiles, aircraft, and sporting equipment.

In 1986, Toray developed TORAYCA? T1000 and further expanded carbon fiber’s potential by commercializing TORAYCA? T1100.

Toray remains a global leader, with both carbon fibers exhibiting the higher strength available worldwide. As part of the Toray Group’s Sustainability Vision, the company committed itself to providing innovative technologies and advanced materials that contribute to sustainable progress. TORAYCA?  Carbon Fiber


Toray Industries, Inc. Develops TORAYCA T1200, the Ultra-High-Strength Carbon Fiber

Report finds high likelihood of greenwashing in beverage packaging

Circularity claims on PET beverage bottles such as ‘100% recyclable’ are likely to be misleading consumers, according to a new report.

ClientEarth, ECOS (Environmental Coalition on Standards), Eunomia Research & Consulting and Zero Waste Europe have researched greenwashing in PET beverage packaging.

The report is based on previous work by circular economy specialists at Eunomia, which concluded that PET is not currently a circular material within even the best recycling systems in Europe. It shows that circularity claims may in some cases be inaccurate and overall give an impression of the ‘sustainability’ of PET beverage bottles that does not reflect reality.  Carbon Fiber

The investigation looks at examples of on-pack claims and finds that the term ‘recyclable’ is ambiguous and should not be placed on bottles. The authors recommend instead that labels provide consumers with clear instructions on how to dispose of packaging.

It also finds that ‘100% recycled’ claims may not account for all the components of the bottle, asserting that caps and labels are rarely, if ever, made from recycled content.

The report warns that companies should address these practices to avoid misleading consumers and potentially breaching consumer protection law.

The conclusion drawn is that PET beverage bottles should not be marketed using language or imagery that implies circularity or sustainabilityCarbon Fiber

ClientEarth representative Rosa Pritchard commented: “‘Plastic bottle circularity’ is a myth. Claims on bottles that promote this idea present an obstacle to the green transition. Consumers need access to fair, honest information about the environmental impacts of products and clear information on recycling.”


Report finds high likelihood of greenwashing in beverage packaging

Circular plastics – World Bank warns oil price could soar to record $150 a barrel 01-11-2023

Carbon Fiber

Circular plastics – World Bank warns oil price could soar to record $150 a barrel 01-11-2023

Circular plastics

Crude Oil Prices Trend 

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

Crude Oil Prices Trend by Polyestertime

European plastics manufacturers agree roadmap to circular plastics

European plastics manufacturers have agreed a “Plastics Transition” roadmap that aims to accelerate the transition to make plastics circular and net zero lifecycle emissions.

The “Plastics Transition” roadmap highlights what Plastics Europe calls the “urgent need” for a policy framework that stimulates circular markets and investments.

Plastics Europe says its vision is to create a sustainable plastics system that continues to meet consumer and societal demands while supporting the transitions of many downstream industries. Circular plastics

The roadmap establishes a pathway to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the overall plastics system by 28% by 2030 and towards net zero by 2050. It also predicts that circular plastics could meet 25% of European demand in 2030 and 65% by 2050.

Cumulated additional investments and operational costs to reach these ambitions are projected to be €235 billion, Plastics Europe says.

The roadmap identifies several “key levers and enablers”, and details immediate, short, and medium-term milestones and actions for plastics manufacturers. It also says that circularity requires a whole value chain approach and includes recommended actions for policymakers and value chain stakeholders between now and 2030.

For the first time our industry is united around a hugely ambitious but realistic plan to redesign the European plastics system.

Virginia Janssens, Managing Director of Plastics Europe, commented: “For the first time our industry is united around a hugely ambitious but realistic plan to redesign the European plastics system – the ‘Plastics Transition’ roadmap. It will be our North Star for the years to come and reflects a profound cultural shift that has taken place in our industry.”        Circular plastics

The roadmap also calls for a European waste management system fit for a net zero and circular economy, minimum circular plastic content targets for key plastics applications, and unlock industry investments in, for example, chemical recycling infrastructure.

Marco ten Bruggencate, President of Plastics Europe, and Dow EMEA Commercial Vice President Packaging and Specialty Plastics said: “We are excited about the opportunity the Green Deal provides to create a thriving and competitive European plastics industry that allows us to increase investment and innovation in circularity and decarbonisation.


Circular plastics

Amcor, SK Geo Centric partner for supply of recycled content

Amcor, a global leader in developing and producing responsible packaging solutions, announced today that it has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with SK Geo Centric (SK), a leading petrochemical company based in South Korea, to source advanced recycled material primarily in the Asia Pacific region beginning in 2025.

The MOU with SK will enable Amcor to provide access to packaging solutions using recycled content for food and healthcare customers in key markets in Asia Pacific, as well as globally, building on Amcor’s existing global access to advanced recycled material through ExxonMobil, as well as its recent investment with Licella in Australia. Combined, these partnerships will help Amcor take another important step toward achieving its target of 30% recycled content across its portfolio by 2030.  Circular plastics

“Our ability to deliver more sustainable packaging solutions containing recycled material is increasingly important to customers in all consumer categories,” said Mike Cash, president of Amcor Flexibles Asia Pacific. “These partnerships will help enable Amcor to unlock opportunities for food and healthcare customers to leverage recycled content in their packaging, and will also foster a circular economy by significantly reducing the need for virgin plastic.”

SK Geo Centric CEO Na Kyung-soo said, “We are committed to contributing to a circular economy by expanding the supply chain where pyrolysis oil, produced from end-of-life plastic, can provide recycled content in consumer packaging. Providing Amcor with access to that material is an important step forward.”

SK extracts pyrolysis oil from end-of-life plastic waste that would otherwise be sent to landfill. SK is using post-processing technology the company developed.

This can then replace crude oil as a feedstock for petrochemical processes and subsequently polyethylene to make new sustainable packaging materials for our customers.  Circular plastics


Circular plastics

500ml sparkling drink bottles from The Coca-Cola Company shift to 100% recycled plastic in Canada

The Coca-Cola Company is transitioning all 500ml sparkling beverage bottles sold in Canada into 100% recycled plastic, excluding caps and labels, by early 2024 to save virgin plastic, reduce carbon emissions, and meet its sustainability targets.

The company claims to be the first to launch multiple sparkling beverages in 100% recycled plastic bottle bodies across Canada. Coke Canada Bottling will produce the bottles at its manufacturing facilities in Brampton, Ontario; Calgary, Alberta; Lachine, Quebec; and Richmond, British Columbia.  Circular plastics

All bottles falling under this category will display ‘Recycle Me Again’ messaging to raise awareness and encourage consumers to continue recycling the packaging at end-of-life.

“This means that no virgin PET plastic will be used for our sparkling 500ml bottles under normal circumstances going forward in Canada,” said Kurt Ritter, vice president and general manager, Sustainability, Coca-Cola North America. “We hope that transitioning our 500ml sparkling portfolio to 100% recycled plastic will increase the amount of high-quality, food-grade, recycled plastic available in Canada and, ultimately, enable us to offer more of our brands in this sustainable format.”  Circular plastics

The shift is predicted to save 7.6 million pounds of new plastic in 2024 and cut out almost 7,000 metric tons of CO2 every year, a reduction that The Coca-Cola Company compares to taking 1,500 cars off the road for one year. It also aligns with the company’s World Without Waste goals, in which it aspires to lower its consumption of virgin plastic and utilize at least 50% recycled content in its packaging by 2030.


Circular plastics

World Bank warns oil price could soar to record $150 a barrel

Escalation of Israel-Hamas war into Middle East-wide conflict would disrupt oil supplies and stoke food prices, says Bank

Oil prices could soar to a record high of more than $150 a barrel if the war between Israel and Hamas leads to a repeat of the full-scale conflict in the Middle East witnessed 50 years ago, the World Bank has warned.

In the first major assessment of the economic risks of an escalation of the war beyond Gaza’s borders, the World Bank said there was a risk of the cost of crude entering “uncharted waters”.  Circular plastics

A “large disruption” scenario comparable with the Arab oil boycott of the west in 1973 would create supply shortages that would lead to the price of a barrel of oil increasing from about $90 to between $140 and 157. The previous record – unadjusted for inflation – was $147 a barrel in 2008.

“The latest conflict in the Middle East comes on the heels of the biggest shock to commodity markets since the 1970s – Russia’s war with Ukraine,” said Indermit Gill, the World Bank’s chief economist. “That had disruptive effects on the global economy that persist to this day.

“Policymakers will need to be vigilant. If the conflict were to escalate, the global economy would face a dual energy shock for the first time in decades – not just from the war in Ukraine but also from the Middle East.”

The Bank said in its latest commodity markets outlook that the shock to the global economy would not be confined to energy costs but would also result in hundreds of millions going hungry as a result of higher food prices.

In its assessment, the Bank said the Israel-Hamas war had had little impact on commodity prices so far. Oil prices had risen by about 6%, but agricultural commodities, industrial metals and other commodities had “barely budged”.

It added: “The outlook for commodity prices would darken quickly if the conflict were to escalate.”  Circular plastics

Under the World Bank’s baseline forecast, oil prices will average $90 a barrel in the current quarter before declining to an average of $81 a barrel next year as global economic growth slows. But it also sketched out three alternative paths for oil prices:

  • A “small disruption” scenario, in which the global oil supply would be reduced by 500,000 to 2m barrels a day -roughly equivalent to the reduction seen during the Libyan civil war in 2011. The oil price would rise to a range of $93 to $102 a barrel.


World Bank warns oil price could soar to record $150 a barrel

Closing the loop on bottle caps

Recycler, processor and manufacturer Greenpath Enterprises has partnered with TOMRA Recycling Sorting to install and optimize a plastic flake sorting line designed to identify and separate mixed polyolefin caps from beverage bottles.

“We are at the genesis of creating a sorting system for caps similar to what is more common today for the bottle,” said Eric Olsson, area segment manager, plastics for TOMRA Recycling.  Circular plastics

Operating for more than 25 years, the vertically integrated Greenpath accepts a wide range of materials, and the inbound flow can be somewhat inconsistent. Greenpath creates value being a one-stop solution by accepting mixed trailer loads with variable supply streams and producing consistent, quality products.

“Developing a mechanical sorting process to close the loop for food-grade cap-to-cap recycling by consistently separating mixed polyolefins by polymer and colour with high purity is a game changer,” said Joe Castro, president of Colton, California-based Greenpath.

Considering only the post-consumer polyolefin materials – low-density polyethylene (LDPE), high-density polyethylene (HDPE) and polypropylene (PP) – Greenpath accepts film, rigid plastics and bottle caps. Polypropylene and polyethylene (PE) are together the most abundant plastic family on earth, but the market is limited for valuable applications for mixed polyolefins, according to Olsson.

PE and PP have very close density characteristics and are challenging to separate. So, mixed polyolefins are primarily downcycled into more forgiving applications that allow for more contamination.  Circular plastics

The quest for cap to cap

A beverage container commonly consists of four parts: the bottle, cap or closure, ring and label. A more mature PET recycling infrastructure has led to brand owners incorporating up to 100% PCR material in their bottles.

As regulations increase the percentage of recycled content by weight, the next logical container component to address is the cap. “Following Greenpath’s approach, the industry can move toward a 100% PCR by weight package using only mechanical sortation,” says Olsson.

During the recycling process, bottles, labels, caps and rings are shredded, and a sink-float process is used to separate the PET bottles from the PE and PP caps.

The heavier PET sinks and the lighter polyolefins float and are skimmed off as a secondary byproduct.  Circular plastics


Closing the loop on bottle caps

The Future of Cars: Exploring the Advancements in Polymer Automobile Technology 

The automotive industry is experiencing a revolution, and at the heart of this transformation lies the remarkable advancements in polymer automobile technology. In recent years, there has been a paradigm shift towards the use of polymers, also known as plastics, in various automotive applications. These innovations are set to reshape the future of cars by enhancing performance, reducing environmental impact, and improving safety. This article delves into the exciting world of polymer automobile technology and how it is driving the automotive industry towards a sustainable and dynamic future.


The Rise of Polymers in Automobiles

Lightweighting for Fuel Efficiency

One of the most significant trends in the automotive industry is the pursuit of fuel efficiency. As environmental concerns and stringent regulations regarding emissions continue to shape the industry’s landscape, automakers are turning to polymer materials for solutions.

Polymers offer a remarkable advantage in terms of weight reduction. By replacing traditional metal components with lightweight polymers, vehicles can achieve better fuel economy and reduced emissions.  Circular plastics

In the quest for lightweighting, polymers like carbon fiber-reinforced composites are leading the way. These materials are not only lighter than steel but also possess impressive strength and durability. As a result, the use of polymers in structural components, such as body panels and chassis, is on the rise. This shift towards lightweight materials not only reduces fuel consumption but also enhances handling and overall driving experience.

Electrification and Battery Technology

The electric vehicle (EV) revolution is another driving force behind the adoption of polymer technology. In EVs, battery packs play a crucial role, and their weight directly impacts the vehicle’s range and performance. To optimize the efficiency of batteries, automakers are incorporating lightweight and thermally efficient polymers in battery components.


The Future of Cars: Exploring the Advancements in Polymer Automobile Technology 

Zeppelin Systems and ReOil build tire recycling plant in Poland

In March 2023, Zeppelin Systems launched the Zeppelin Sustainable Tire Alliance to cooperate with international partners on shaping the future of tire production and tire recycling in a more environmentally friendly manner.

One of the members of this technology alliance is the Polish company ReOil, which built Europe’s largest pyrolysis plant for the recycling of old tires in 2015. Since then, ReOil has recycled around 20,000 tons of old tires annually. Zeppelin Systems was awarded the engineering contract for the construction of a second ReOil pyrolysis plant. Construction is scheduled to start in February 2024.

After completion of the gigantic plant, around 60,000 tons of old tires are to be returned to the sustainable circular economy every year.

ReOil, Europe’s largest pyrolysis plant operator, works in the field of raw material recycling. The company uses continuous pyrolysis to break down rubber from old tires into substance such as gas, oil and recovered Carbon Black (rCB). The recycled materials obtained are reused, for example, in the manufacture of textiles, new tires, rubber components, plastics, steel, or aviation fuel. After commissioning in 2015 and initial test runs, ReOil recycled around 70,000 tons of old tires since 2020 to date. Since 2020, the plant has been operating in a process-stable and profitable manner.

With the construction of the new pyrolysis plant, the company has tripled its annual recycling capacity to around 60,000 tons per year. A first-class plant covering an area of around 27 acres, brought to life by technology and engineering solutions from Zeppelin Systems!  Circular plastics


Zeppelin Systems and ReOil build tire recycling plant in Poland

Carbon fiber – New method of recycling carbon fiber shows potential for use in more advanced products 31-10-2023

Circular plastics

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